Bunyaviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.Bunyaviridae: A family of viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of a single strand of RNA. Virions are enveloped particles 90-120 nm diameter. The complete family contains over 300 members arranged in five genera: ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS; HANTAVIRUS; NAIROVIRUS; PHLEBOVIRUS; and TOSPOVIRUS.Phlebovirus: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE comprising many viruses, most of which are transmitted by Phlebotomus flies and cause PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER. The type species is RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS.Bunyamwera virus: A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. A large number of serotypes or strains exist in many parts of the world. They are transmitted by mosquitoes and infect humans in some areas.Orthobunyavirus: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE containing over 150 viruses, most of which are transmitted by mosquitoes or flies. They are arranged in groups defined by serological criteria, each now named for the original reference species (previously called serogroups). Many species have multiple serotypes or strains.Uukuniemi virus: A species in the genus PHLEBOVIRUS of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE, infecting vertebrates and vectored by ticks. It has not been associated with human disease though antibodies have been isolated from human sera.Rift Valley fever virus: A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.La Crosse virus: A serotype of the species California encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, CALIFORNIA), in the genus ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS, causing human MENINGOENCEPHALITIS. This is the agent most responsible for California encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, CALIFORNIA), the most prevalent mosquito-borne disease recognized in the United States.Nairovirus: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE named after NAIROBI SHEEP DISEASE, an acute, hemorrhagic, tick-borne, gastroenteritis affecting sheep and goats. The type species is Dugbe virus. Some viruses in this genus are capable of causing severe and fatal disease in humans.Hantavirus: A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.Encephalitis Virus, California: A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. Serotypes are found in temperate and arctic regions and each is closely associated with a single species of vector mosquito. The vertebrate hosts are usually small mammals but several serotypes infect humans.Hantaan virus: The type species of the genus HANTAVIRUS infecting the rodent Apodemus agrarius and humans who come in contact with it. It causes syndromes of hemorrhagic fever associated with vascular and especially renal pathology.Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Crimean-Congo: A species of NAIROVIRUS of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. It is primarily transmitted by ticks and causes a severe, often fatal disease in humans.Hantavirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.Rift Valley Fever: An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.Simbu virus: A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE family. Previously a large group of serotypes, most are now considered separate species.Encephalitis, California: A viral infection of the brain caused by serotypes of California encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, CALIFORNIA) transmitted to humans by the mosquito AEDES triseriatus. The majority of cases are caused by the LA CROSSE VIRUS. This condition is endemic to the midwestern United States and primarily affects children between 5-10 years of age. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; VOMITING; HEADACHE; and abdominal pain followed by SEIZURES, altered mentation, and focal neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13)Tospovirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. Tomato spotted wilt virus is the type species. Transmission occurs by at least nine species of thrips.Phlebotomus Fever: Influenza-like febrile viral disease caused by several members of the BUNYAVIRIDAE family and transmitted mostly by the bloodsucking sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii.Arboviruses: Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)Sandfly fever Naples virus: A species in the genus PHLEBOVIRUS causing PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER, an influenza-like illness. Related serotypes include Toscana virus and Tehran virus.Nucleocapsid Proteins: Viral proteins found in either the NUCLEOCAPSID or the viral core (VIRAL CORE PROTEINS).Puumala virus: A species of HANTAVIRUS causing nephropathia epidemica, a mild form of HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME. It is found in most of Europe and especially in Finland, along with its carrier rodent, the bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus).Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral: A group of viral diseases of diverse etiology but having many similar clinical characteristics; increased capillary permeability, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia are common to all. Hemorrhagic fevers are characterized by sudden onset, fever, headache, generalized myalgia, backache, conjunctivitis, and severe prostration, followed by various hemorrhagic symptoms. Hemorrhagic fever with kidney involvement is HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME.Vero Cells: A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.Reassortant Viruses: Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Nairobi sheep disease virus: A species of NAIROVIRUS, transmitted by the ixodid ticks and producing a lethal gastroenteritis in sheep and goats. Though a major veterinary pathogen, its effect on humans has not been firmly established.Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean: A severe, often fatal disease in humans caused by the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (HEMORRHAGIC FEVER VIRUS, CRIMEAN-CONGO).Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Cercopithecus aethiops: A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.Viral Nonstructural Proteins: Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.Ixodidae: A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.Sin Nombre virus: A species of HANTAVIRUS which emerged in the Four Corners area of the United States in 1993. It causes a serious, often fatal pulmonary illness (HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME) in humans. Transmission is by inhaling aerosolized rodent secretions that contain virus particles, carried especially by deer mice (PEROMYSCUS maniculatus) and pinyon mice (P. truei).Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome: An acute febrile disease occurring predominately in Asia. It is characterized by fever, prostration, vomiting, hemorrhagic phenonema, shock, and renal failure. It is caused by any one of several closely related species of the genus Hantavirus. The most severe form is caused by HANTAAN VIRUS whose natural host is the rodent Apodemus agrarius. Milder forms are caused by SEOUL VIRUS and transmitted by the rodents Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus, and the PUUMALA VIRUS with transmission by Clethrionomys galreolus.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Arbovirus Infections: Infections caused by arthropod-borne viruses, general or unspecified.Yellow Fever Vaccine: Vaccine used to prevent YELLOW FEVER. It consists of a live attenuated 17D strain of the YELLOW FEVER VIRUS.Immunization, Secondary: Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.AIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated HIV or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent or treat AIDS. Some vaccines containing antigens are recombinantly produced.Yellow Fever: An acute infectious disease primarily of the tropics, caused by a virus and transmitted to man by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes and Haemagogus. The severe form is characterized by fever, HEMOLYTIC JAUNDICE, and renal damage.Vaccines, Combined: Two or more vaccines in a single dosage form.Hydranencephaly: A congenital condition where the greater portions of the cerebral hemispheres and CORPUS STRIATUM are replaced by CSF and glial tissue. The meninges and the skull are well formed, which is consistent with earlier normal embryogenesis of the telencephalon. Bilateral occlusions of the internal carotid arteries in utero is a potential mechanism. Clinical features include intact brainstem reflexes without evidence of higher cortical activity. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p307)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Picornaviridae: A family of small RNA viruses comprising some important pathogens of humans and animals. Transmission usually occurs mechanically. There are nine genera: APHTHOVIRUS; CARDIOVIRUS; ENTEROVIRUS; ERBOVIRUS; HEPATOVIRUS; KOBUVIRUS; PARECHOVIRUS; RHINOVIRUS; and TESCHOVIRUS.Vaccines, Virus-Like Particle: Vaccines using supra-molecular structures composed of multiple copies of recombinantly expressed viral structural proteins. They are often antigentically indistinguishable from the virus from which they were derived.Glycosaminoglycans: Heteropolysaccharides which contain an N-acetylated hexosamine in a characteristic repeating disaccharide unit. The repeating structure of each disaccharide involves alternate 1,4- and 1,3-linkages consisting of either N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylgalactosamine.Influenza A Virus, H7N3 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 3. It was first detected in turkeys in Britain in 1963 and there have been several outbreaks on poultry farms since that time. A couple cases of human infections have been reported.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Vaccines, Virosome: Vaccines using VIROSOMES as the antigen delivery system that stimulates the desired immune response.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.

Seroepidemiology of California and Bunyamwera serogroup (Bunyaviridae) virus infections in native populations of Alaska. (1/168)

This study investigated the geographic distribution and prevalence of antibodies to California and Bunyamwera serogroup viruses in Native populations of Alaska, and demographic and ecologic risk factors associated with exposure. Sera (n = 1,635) from 18 communities were screened using an ELISA. All age groups were tested for antibodies to Jamestown Canyon (JC), Inkoo (INK), snowshoe hare (SSH), and Northway (NOR) viruses; persons > or = 45 years old (n = 90) from six communities were additionally tested for antibodies to Tahyna (TAH), Batai (BAT), Cache Valley (CV), and Sindbis (SIN) viruses. Thirty free-ranging mammals were tested by a plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) for antibodies to all eight viruses and to Getah (GET) virus. In Natives, overall antibody prevalence was 24.9% (JC = 17.6%, monotypic JC = 6.5%, INK = 11.1%, monotypic INK = 0.6%, SSH = 6.8%, monotypic SSH = 3.5%, and NOR = 6.2%). Five TAH, CV, and BAT virus exposures may be serologic cross-reactions, and no SIN virus antibodies were detected. Sindbis-like virus antibodies were found in 30% of the mammals. Most mammals had antibodies to NOR (83.3%) and California serogroup (70.0%) viruses; no GET virus exposures were found. Significant risk factors for human bunyavirus exposures were age group, ethnic-linguistic group, biotic province, climate zone, terrestrial vegetation, and presence of some ungulates and small mammals in communities. Sex was not a significant risk factor.  (+info)

Potential for evolution of California serogroup bunyaviruses by genome reassortment in Aedes albopictus. (2/168)

Aedes albopictus was introduced into the United States in used tires in 1985. Its successful colonization of the upper Midwest has potential to alter the current epidemiology of bunyaviruses that circulate in the region. It is permissive for the replication of several arboviruses, including La Crosse (LACV) and Jamestown Canyon (JCV) bunyaviruses. In this study, we demonstrate the ability of LACV and JCV to coinfect Ae. albopictus mosquitoes and to form all six possible reassortant genotypes. All reassortant viruses infect Ae. albopictus orally and can be transmitted to suckling mice. All reassortants are neurovirulent in mice. However, reassortant viruses carrying the LACV M segment in the foreign genetic background of JCV are more neuroinvasive than JCV, or any other reassortant genotype. In addition, these reassortants can replicate in gerbils and infect Ae. triseriatus, characteristics of LACV, but not JCV. Because Ae. albopictus is spreading into new geographic areas and feeds on a variety of mammals, including humans, it has the potential to transmit new, emerging bunyaviruses in nature.  (+info)

Standardization of immunoglobulin M capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for routine diagnosis of arboviral infections. (3/168)

Immunoglobulin M antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (MAC-ELISA) is a rapid and versatile diagnostic method that readily permits the combination of multiple assays. Test consolidation is especially important for arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) which belong to at least three virus families: the Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Bunyaviridae. Using prototype viruses from each of these families and a panel of well-characterized human sera, we have evaluated and standardized a combined MAC-ELISA capable of identifying virus infections caused by members of each virus family. Furthermore, by grouping antigens geographically and utilizing known serological cross-reactivities, we have reduced the number of antigens necessary for testing, while maintaining adequate detection sensitivity. We have determined that a 1:400 serum dilution is most appropriate for screening antiviral antibody, using a positive-to-negative ratio of >/=2.0 as a positive cutoff value. With a blind-coded human serum panel, this combined MAC-ELISA was shown to have test sensitivity and specificity that correlated well with those of other serological techniques.  (+info)

Detection of anti-arboviral immunoglobulin G by using a monoclonal antibody-based capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. (4/168)

Monoclonal antibody (MAb)-based capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the detection of anti-arboviral immunoglobulin G (IgG ELISAs) were developed for a comprehensive array of medically important arboviruses from the Alphavirus, Flavivirus, and Bunyavirus genera. Tests were optimized and standardized so that maximum homology could be maintained among working parameters for the different viral agents, enabling a wide range of viruses to be easily tested for at one time. MAbs were screened for suitability as capture vehicles for antigens from the three genera. The final test configuration utilized group-reactive MAbs eastern equine encephalitis virus 1A4B-6, dengue 2 virus 4G2, and La Crosse encephalitis virus 10G5.4 to capture the specific inactivated viral antigens. Serum IgG was detected by using alkaline phosphatase-conjugated anti-human IgG (Fc portion). A dilution of 1:400 was chosen as the universal screening serum dilution, with endpoint titrations of serum samples testing positive eliminating occasional false-positive results. IgG ELISA results correlated with those of the standard plaque-reduction neutralization assays. As expected, some test cross-reactivity was encountered within the individual genera, and tests were interpreted within the context of these reactions. The tests were standardized for laboratory diagnosis of arboviral infections, with the intent that they be used in tandem with the corresponding IgM antibody-capture ELISAs.  (+info)

Effects of antigen-retrieval pretreatments for immunohistochemical detection of Akabane viral antigen. (5/168)

Effects of various antigen-retrieval pretreatment techniques for immunohistochemical detection of Akabane virus antigen were examined with formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues taken from mice intracerebrally inoculated with the virus. The results indicated that no pretreatment is necessary for the detection of the antigen, and excessive enzymatic pretreatment of sections may lead to false-negative results.  (+info)

Comparison of intertypic antigenicity of Aino virus isolates by dot immunobinding assay using neutralizing monoclonal antibodies. (6/168)

Neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the Aino virus were prepared, and the neutralizing epitopes of the virus were defined by competitive binding assay. Seven continuous and overlapping neutralizing epitopes existed on the G1 glycoprotein of the Aino virus. Two antigenic domains were identified and were designated I and II, with domain II consisting of six epitopes. Dot immunobinding assays (DIAs) were performed with MAbs that recognized these seven neutralizing epitopes. DIAs were performed with 1 Australian strain and 21 isolates found in Japan between the years 1964 and 1995. The MAb response patterns of all isolates were divided into four groups. The Japanese isolates did not show large differences in antigenicity, but the antigenicity of the Australian strain collected in 1968 was significantly different from that of the Japanese strains; the Australian strain lacked reactivity to three epitopes and showed only low reactivity to one epitope.  (+info)

Reverse genetics system for Uukuniemi virus (Bunyaviridae): RNA polymerase I-catalyzed expression of chimeric viral RNAs. (7/168)

We describe here the development of a reverse genetics system for the phlebovirus Uukuniemi virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family, by using RNA polymerase I (pol I)-mediated transcription. Complementary DNAs containing the coding sequence for either chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) or green fluorescent protein (GFP) (both in antisense orientation) were flanked by the 5'- and 3'-terminal untranslated regions of the Uukuniemi virus sense or complementary RNA derived from the medium-sized (M) RNA segment. This chimeric cDNA (pol I expression cassette) was cloned between the murine pol I promoter and terminator and the plasmid transfected into BHK-21 cells. When such cells were either superinfected with Uukuniemi virus or cotransfected with expression plasmids encoding the L (RNA polymerase), N (nucleoprotein), and NSs (nonstructural protein) viral proteins, strong CAT activity or GFP expression was observed. CAT activity was consistently stronger in cells expressing L plus N than following superinfection. No activity was seen without superinfection, nor was activity detected when either the L or N expression plasmid was omitted. Omitting NSs expression had no effect on CAT activity or GFP expression, indicating that this protein is not needed for viral RNA replication or transcription. CAT activity could be serially passaged to fresh cultures by transferring medium from CAT-expressing cells, indicating that recombinant virus containing the reporter construct had been produced. In summary, we demonstrate that the RNA pol I system, originally developed for influenza virus, which replicates in the nucleus, has strong potential for the development of an efficient reverse genetics system also for Bunyaviridae members, which replicate in the cytoplasm.  (+info)

Bunyamwera bunyavirus nonstructural protein NSs is a nonessential gene product that contributes to viral pathogenesis. (8/168)

Bunyamwera virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) contains a tripartite negative-sense RNA genome. The smallest RNA segment, S, encodes the nucleocapsid protein N and a nonstructural protein, NSs, in overlapping reading frames. We have generated a mutant virus lacking NSs, called BUNdelNSs, by reverse genetics. Compared with the wild-type (wt) virus, BUNdelNSs exhibited a smaller plaque size and generated titers of virus approximately 1 log lower. In mammalian cells, the mutant expressed greatly increased levels of N protein; significantly, the marked inhibition of host cell protein synthesis shown by wt virus was considerably impaired by BUNdelNSs. When inoculated by the intracerebral route BUNdelNSs killed BALB/c mice with a slower time course than wt and exhibited a reduced cell-to-cell spread, and titers of virus in the brain were lower. In addition, the abrogation of NSs expression changed Bunyamwera virus from a noninducer to an inducer of an interferon-beta promoter. These results suggest that, although not essential for growth in tissue culture or in mice, the bunyavirus NSs protein has several functions in the virus life cycle and contributes to viral pathogenesis.  (+info)

Cache Valley virus (CVV) is a member of the Bunyavirales order, Orthobunyavirus genus, and Bunyamwera serogroup, which was first isolated in 1956 from Culiseta inornata mosquitos collected in Utahs Cache Valley. CVV is an enveloped arbovirus, nominally 80-120 nm in diameter, whose genome is composed of three single-stranded, negative-sense RNA segments. The large segment of related bunyaviruses is approximately 6800 bases in length and encodes a probable viral polymerase. The middle CVV segment has a 4463-nucleotide sequence and the smallest segment encodes for the nucleocapsid, and a second non-structural protein. CVV has been known to cause outbreaks of spontaneous abortion and congenital malformations in ruminants such as sheep and cattle. CVV rarely infects humans, but when they are infected it has caused encephalitis and multiorgan failure. The Cache Valley Virus genome is split into three parts. The three parts are called the small, medium, and large segments, based on the number of ...
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Also my favorite parts about Tuesdays? Number one, I have practice which has never failed to make me ridiculously happy. Number two, Taco Tuesday at Del Taco baby. Me and one of my team mates named Mack (Makota) have started this tradition of after practice on tuesdays hitting up the Del Taco right next to Open Court. Brilliant plan. 3 tacos for a buck? Have you ever heard a better deal than that one? Probably not, cause Im pretty positive there isnt one out there. Not the best tacos in the world, in fact I definitely prefer Taco Bell tacos... but none the less quantity over quality just wins me over on this one ...
Hard-boil eggs. (Place eggs in a single layer in a sauce pan and cover them by at least 1 inch with cold water. Heat until just boiling and remove from burner. Remove from stove and cover. Let eggs stand in hot water for 12-15 minutes. By cooking your eggs in hot water, not boiling, you will avoid the ugly, but harmless, green ring that forms around yolks ...
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Filter caches and way-predictors are common approaches to improve the efficiency and/or performance of first-level caches. Filter caches use a small L0 to provide more efficient and faster access to a small subset of the data, and work well for programs with high locality. Way-predictors improve efficiency by accessing only the way predicted, which alleviates the need to read all ways in parallel without increasing latency, but hurts performance due to mispredictions.In this work we examine how SRAM layout constraints (h-trees and data mapping inside the cache) affect way-predictors and filter caches. We show that accessing the smaller L0 array can be significantly more energy efficient than attempting to read fewer ways from a larger L1 cache; and that the main source of energy inefficiency in filter caches comes from L0 and L1 misses. We propose a filter cache optimization that shares the tag array between the L0 and the L1, which incurs the overhead of reading the larger tag array on every ...
edited Sorry for not posting on this issue, even thought I have been assigned and everything So the basic idea that I have been working on is to make a key/value cache to speed up random reads. Test setup: Used the same test parameters that are used in the BT paper so it would be easy to compare and test have currently only been done on a single machine cluster with one HRegionServer. That setup includes 1column/family and every value is 1000B. Some numbers for testing this extremely simple cache are: Tests done over 10000 reads Random reads without cache: 481 r/s 481 KB/s Random reads with cache: 4019 r/s 4019 KB/s Some other test to compare the difference when using multiple columns/family turned out to give the following numbers: 5 columns/family everything else the same as above. Random reads without cache: 445 r/s 2223 KB/s Random reads with cache: 3588 r/s 17940 KB/s 10 columns/family everything else the same as above. Random reads without cache: 24 r/s 240 KB/s Random reads with cache: 25 ...
... is an innovative new server technology developed by LiteSpeed Technologies, that intelligently store Magento pages into a static cache for much faster retrieval. Caching has traditionally been a challenge for Magento since most pages contains dynamic blocks that changes between users, such as the shopping cart items, My Account area, wishlist, etc., preventing efficient use of a static page cache. LiteMage Cache uses Edge Side Includes (ESI) to punch holes in pages where information changes from visitor to visitor. The remaining content is saved to cache. When the next person visits the same page, the cached content is served quickly, with only the holes needing to be filled in with data for that visitor.. ...
Cookies, which are files created by websites youve visited, and your browsers cache, which helps pages load faster, make it easier for you to browse the web. Clearing your browsers cache and
Holds research indicates that the compromised data was the work of a single Russian hacking organization and that it is currently in possession of the worlds largest cache of stolen data.
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TIBCO BusinessEvents™ Release NotesSoftware Release 3.0.2 April 2010 The Power to Predict™ Important Information SOME TIBCO...
Took 0.23 seconds and 1.75MB of RAM; Used 73 files and 32 queries; Sent 5 events; 0 cache hits and 0 misses; Shimmie version trunk ...
1. JonesKE, PatelNG, LevyMA, StoreygardA, BalkD, et al. (2008) Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451: 990-993.. 2. KupferschmidtK (2012) Infectious disease. Scientists rush to find clues on new animal virus. Science 335: 1028-1029.. 3. HoffmannB, ScheuchM, HoperD, JungblutR, HolstegM, et al. (2012) Novel orthobunyavirus in Cattle, Europe, 2011. Emerg Infect Dis 18: 469-472.. 4. GariglianyMM, BayrouC, KleijnenD, CassartD, JollyS, et al. (2012) Schmallenberg virus: a new Shamonda/Sathuperi-like virus on the rise in Europe. Antiviral Res 95: 82-87.. 5. BeerM, ConrathsFJ, WHVDP (2012) Schmallenberg virus - a novel orthobunyavirus emerging in Europe. Epidemiol Infect 1-8.. 6. OIE (2012) Schmallenberg virus. OIE technical factsheet on SBV. May 2012.. 7. GariglianyMM, BayrouC, KleijnenD, CassartD, DesmechtD (2012) Schmallenberg virus in domestic cattle, Belgium, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis 18: 1512-1514.. 8. ElbersAR, LoeffenWL, QuakS, de Boer-LuijtzeE, van der SpekAN, et al. (2012) ...
Abstract. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), which is caused by a novel bunyavirus, is an emerging infectious disease in China. In 2011, this new virus was designated as severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV). The aim of the present study was to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of SFTSV infection. The investigation was conducted among the general population in Jiangsu Province, China in 2011. A total of 2,510 serum samples were collected. Testing by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of SFTSV infection. Result showed that the overall seroprevalence of SFTSV infection was 0.44% (11 of 2,510) in seven counties in Jiangsu Province. Multiple variable logistic regression analysis showed that raising goats, farming, and grazing were risk factors for SFTSV infection. Raising goats, farming, and grazing might be important risk factors for virus exposure, and appropriate health education could be useful in preventing
PubMedID: 26322483 | Apodemus agrarius is a potential natural host of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS)-causing novel bunyavirus. | Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology | 10/1/2015
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease recently discovered in northeast and central China. SFTS cause high fatality rate of 12% and as high as 30% in some areas. The major clinical symptoms of SFTS are fever, vomiting, diarrhea, multiple organ failure, thrombocytopenia (low platelet count), leucopenia (low white blood cell count), and elevated liver enzyme level.SFTS occurs in rural areas from March to November, and a majority of cases are from April to July. In 2009 Xue-jie Yu and colleagues isolated the SFTS virus (SFTSV) from SFTS patients blood. SFTSV is a Phlebovirus in the family of Bunyaviridae. The life cycle of the SFTSV most likely involves arthropod vectors and animal hosts. Humans are accidental hosts and play no role in the life cycle of the SFTSV. SFTSV has been detected from Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks. The transmission routine of SFTSV is unknown, but person-to-person transmission either plays no role or at least is not an ...
The British farming industry is in its second year of the ongoing Schmallenberg virus (SBV) infection (Davies and others 2012). Work from continental EU shows the degree of herd/flock seropositivity (and possible immunity) can vary geographically (Garigliany and others 2012, Bayrou and others 2013, Beer and others 2013), presumably due to differences in vector exposure factors. The UK industry remains unsure of the extent of exposure within the national flock, since national surveillance to date has focused on the geographic spread of infection rather than the degree of exposure at flock level (AHVLA 2013). This work investigated the extent of virus exposure and, therefore, possible immunity (as determined by seropositivity to SBV) in flocks where SBV infection was confirmed or likely (due to close proximity to confirmed infection), to give farmers an indication of flock susceptibility, to aid their management decision making.. Client farms wanting to understand their flock SBV exposure and, ...
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever caused by a tick-borne banyangvirus and is associated with high fatality. Despite increasing incidence of SFTS and serious public health concerns in East Asia, the pathogenesis of lethal SFTS virus (SFTSV) infection in humans is not fully understood. Numbers of postmortem examinations to determine target cells of the viral infection have so far been limited. Here we showed that B cells differentiating into plasmablasts and macrophages in secondary lymphoid organs were targets for SFTSV at the end stage of lethal infection, and the majority of SFTSV-infected cells were B cell-lineage lymphocytes. In affected individuals, B cell-lineage lymphocytes with SFTSV infection were widely distributed in both lymphoid and nonlymphoid organs, and infiltration of these cells into the capillaries of the organs could be observed occasionally. Moreover, a human plasmablastic lymphoma cell line, PBL-1, was susceptible to SFTSV ...
PubMedID: 26564632 | [Epidemiological analysis on severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome under the national surveillance data from 2011 to 2014, China]. | Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi | 6/1/2015
A Case of Severe Fever With Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Accompanied by Self-Limiting Severe Proteinuria That Inversely Correlated With the Platelet Count
T-705 inhibited SFTSV replication in vitro and showed therapeutic efficacy in vivo. T-705 has been shown to possess favorable antiviral activities against various RNA viruses and has a therapeutic effect on these viral infections in animal models (16, 31). T-705 was identified as a potential drug for the treatment of influenza virus infection. Regarding the mechanism of action of T-705, it has been reported that T-705 is converted to its phosphoribosylated metabolites (T-705RMP and T-705RTP) by host cellular kinases and that T-705RTP inhibits the activity of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of a number of viruses (33). Recently, T-705 has been licensed for use by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan. However, its use has been limited to the events of the outbreak due to novel or reemerging influenza viral infections. T-705 was also considered as a potential therapeutic agent against Ebola virus disease (EVD) during the 2014-2015 EVD outbreak throughout West Africa ...
BioMed Research International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies covering a wide range of subjects in life sciences and medicine. The journal is divided into 55 subject-specific sections.
We analyzed the whole-genome sequence of African swine fever virus Belgium 2018/1. The strain fits into the European genotype II (>99.98% identity). The high-coverage sequence revealed 15 differences compared with an improved African swine fever viru ...
Abstract Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is tick-borne viral disease that was first suspected in China in 2009. The causative virus (SFTSV) was isolated in 2009 and reported in 2011, and SFTSV expanded its geographic distribution in 2012-2013, from China to South Korea and Japan. Most SFTSV infections occur through Haemaphysalis longicornis. However, SFTSV infection can also occur between family members, and nosocomial transmission of SFTSV is also possible through close contact with a patient. In this study, we first analyzed clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory data for SFTS patients and family members of an index patient in Korea. The S segment of SFTSV was amplified from the sera of three patients, and the S segment of SFTSV and IgG specific to SFTSV were detected in the serum from one family member; although this individual had no history of exposure to H. longicornis, she frequently had close contact with the index patient. In Korea, SFTSV infection among family members
Even though the largest part of livestock in the Netherlands has become immune to Schmallenberg virus (SBV), the virus is still circulating. A recent study by Central Veterinary Institute (CVI), part of Wageningen UR, shows a large decrease of the percentage of SBV infected Culicoides biting Midges in the Netherlands.
Risks for Akabane disease, Akabane disease treatments, recommended products for Akabane disease, ways to prevent Akabane disease, causes of Akabane disease
TY - JOUR. T1 - 18F-FDG PET imaging for identifying the dynamics of intestinal disease caused by SFTSV infection in a mouse model. AU - Hayasaka, Daisuke. AU - Nishi, Kodai. AU - Fuchigami, Takeshi. AU - Shiogama, Kazuya. AU - Onouchi, Takanori. AU - Shimada, Satoshi. AU - Tsutsumi, Yutaka. AU - Morita, Kouichi. PY - 2016/1/1. Y1 - 2016/1/1. N2 - Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging disease that causes fever, enteritis, thrombocytopenia, and leucopenia and can be fatal in up to 30% of cases. However, the mechanism of severe disease is not fully understood. Molecular imaging approaches, such as positron-emission tomography (PET), are functional in vivo imaging techniques that provide real-time dynamics of disease progression, assessments of pharmacokinetics, and diagnoses for disease progression. Molecular imaging also potentially provides useful approaches to explore the pathogenesis of viral infections. Thus, the purpose of this study was to image the pathological ...
Since August 2011, both the Netherlands and Germany have reported outbreaks of a disease in cattle, with clinical signs including fever, reduced milk yield, inappetence, loss of body condition and, principally in Dutch herds, diarrhoea. Herds experienced outbreaks of disease lasting 2-3 weeks, with individual affected animals recovering over several days. More recently (November 2011 onwards) there have been reports of miscarriages and stillbirths associated with congenital (present at birth) abnormalities affecting mainly sheep but also cattle and goats. Tests carried out on cases in Germany and the Netherlands have identified a novel virus that has tentatively been named Schmallenberg virus (SBV). This virus appears to belong to a group of viruses that are spread by insect vectors, principally midges and mosquitoes, although a vector that may be responsible for transmission of SBV has not been identified yet ...
Reemergence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) occurred among lambs (n = 50) in a sheep flock in Belgium between mid-July and mid-October 2012. Bimonthly assessment by quantitative reverse transcription PCR and seroneutralization demonstrated that 100% of
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in collaboration with health officials in Missouri and Tennessee have identified six new cases of people sick with Heartland virus: five in Missouri and one in Tennessee. The new cases, discovered in 2012 and 2013, are in addition to two discovered in 2009 and are described today in CDCs Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.. Heartland virus was first reported in two northwestern Missouri farmers who were hospitalized in 2009 with what was thought to be ehrlichiosis, a tick-borne disease. However, the patients failed to improve with treatment and testing failed to confirm ehlrlichiosis. Working with state and local partners, CDC eventually identified the cause of the mens illness: a previously unknown virus in the phlebovirus family now dubbed Heartland virus.. Ongoing investigations have yielded six more cases of Heartland virus disease, bringing to eight the total number of known cases. All of the case-patients were white men over the age ...
Free Online Library: Novel orthobunyavirus in cattle, Europe, 2011.(DISPATCHES) by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general Cattle Analysis Diarrhea Medical research Medicine, Experimental Veterinary supplies industry
Definition of orthobunyavirus in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of orthobunyavirus. What does orthobunyavirus mean? Information and translations of orthobunyavirus in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
We have reported the case of a severely ill patient with SFTSV-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy in whom an SCC lesion was detected, but showed spontaneous resolution. The presence of a reversible SCC lesion has been reported in patients with a broad spectrum of diseases and conditions, and is referred to as RESLES [3]. Infection is the most common cause of this abnormality. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of RESLES in a patient with SFTSV infection.. The common neurological symptoms of RESLES associated with encephalitis/encephalopathy may include delirium, short-term disturbance of consciousness, and seizures, but usually patients show complete recovery without neurological sequelae after a short disease course [13, 14]. Although CNS manifestations are common in patients with SFTS, signs of severe CNS disturbance, such as coma and convulsion, are thought to be major clinical indicators of poor prognosis [2]. An epidemiologic study of 538 patients with SFTS ...
An Oropouche virus strain was isolated from a novel host (Callithrix sp.) in Arinos, Minas Gerais State, southeastern Brazil. The virus was identified by complement fixation test and confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analysis identified this strain as a genotype III isolate previously recognized only in Panama.
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From BioPortfolio: Due to the Zika epidemic, which began in 2015, and the outbreak of yellow fever early in 2017, Brazil runs a serious risk of being afflicted by Oropouche, anoth...
Strange Bedfellows: How a Science Museum, a State Agency, and Local Organizers Made It Possible to Re-Write Rochester, New Yorks History. Eduardo A. Ortiz presented "Cache Valley Utah Latino Voices and History," about the Latino Voice Project. The project began interviewing people in the Hispanic/Latino community of Cache Valley in 2007. In 2012 Ortiz reviewed those interviews and pointed out that the different experiences of newer and younger immigrants, people who came to U.S. young, and those who have immigrant parents need to be noted, so they interviewed seven Cache Valley high school students and conducted focus groups with his students at Utah State.. In the 1980s Cache Valley was 1.2% "Spanish-language origin", with the population growing from 150 to 1600 people (2.4%) in the 20 years between 1970 and 1990, and then tripling by 2000 to 5700 (6.3%). This change was in part due to the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act as well as immigrants moving from "gateway" areas like New York, ...
Read "Natural M-segment reassortment in Potosi and Main Drain viruses: implications for the evolution of orthobunyaviruses, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
A new virus, first detected in 2011, that causes birth defects in sheep, cattle and goats, has got a toe-hold in Britain, but where did it come from?
Seneca Valley Virus sounds like the last bug youd want to catch, but it could be the next breakthrough cancer therapy. Now, scientists at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OI... Read more ...
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Gokuden Mutsuyo , Nishi Nobuyuki , Ootsubo Mitsuhiro , Fukushi Shuetsu , Saijo Masayuki , Nakadouzono Fumiko , Iwamoto Yuka , Yamamoto Mami , Hozumi Nodoka , Nakayama Kouichiro , Ishitani Kanji ,p,Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a tick-borne infection with a high mortality rate. It is caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV) and is endemic in some areas in western Japan, … Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 71(3), 225-228, 2018 J-STAGE Ichushi Web ...
Akabane virus (AKAV), an arthropod-transmitted bunyavirus, is a major cause of congenital abnormalities and encephalomyelitis in ruminants. In 2010, there was a major outbreak of encephalomyelitis in Korea and fifteen AKAV strains, including AKAV-7, were isolated from cows. To identify the neuropathogenicity of AKAV-7, we performed experimental infection of cows. Six-month-old female Korean Holstein dairy cattle were inoculated with AKAV-7 by various routes, including intracerebral (IC), intrasubarachnoid space (IS), subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV); a separate group was vaccinated before intravenous infection. Five of the six cows in the IC group and two of the six cows in the IS group showed clinical signs such as locomotor ataxia and paralysis of the hind limbs. Three of six cows died after IC infection 9-12 days post infection (dpi). Histopathologic changes such as nonsuppurative encephalomyelitis were confirmed in various parts of the central nervous system in the IC, IS and SC groups. Early
Disease X represents the knowledge that a serious international epidemic could be caused by a pathogen currently unknown to cause human disease, and so the R&D Blueprint explicitly seeks to enable cross-cutting R&D preparedness that is also relevant for an unknown "Disease X" as far as possible.. A number of additional diseases were discussed and considered for inclusion in the priority list, including: Arenaviral hemorrhagic fevers other than Lassa Fever; Chikungunya; highly pathogenic coronaviral diseases other than MERS and SARS; emergent non-polio enteroviruses (including EV71, D68); and Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome (SFTS).. These diseases pose major public health risks and further research and development is needed, including surveillance and diagnostics. They should be watched carefully and considered again at the next annual review. Efforts in the interim to understand and mitigate them are encouraged.. Although not included on the list of diseases to be considered at the ...
Tim writes: in twiv 221 Dickson was in his full form funny and breathing loudly into mic. Not sure whether to find endearing or irritating. : ) Dave writes: Thank you again for the TWiV mention! The models do work well and I am now in the process of assessing the success. Have a great week! Dave PS Lawrence University is in Appleton Wisconsin just south of Green Bay (home of the packers) Richard writes: Hi Vince and co-presenters, Enjoyed your last TWIV about newly emerging bunyaviruses. A couple of comments. Firstly, SFTSV (that really is a dreadful name, it goes against the tradition of naming bunyaviruses after their place of isolation, and severe fever and thrombocytopenia are hardly specific to this virus, think about all the arenaviruses causing haemorrhagic fever). I dont know whether this was picked up previously on TWIV but there was a report in NEJM about another phlebovirus, called Heartland virus, that caused two independent human infections associated with tick bites in Missouri. McMullan
The Schmallenberg virus causes lambs to be born dead or with serious deformities such as fused limbs and twisted necks, which mean they cannot survive.. Scientists are urgently trying to find out how the disease, which also affects cattle, spreads and how to fight it, as the number of farms affected increases by the day.. So far, 74 farms across southern and eastern England have been hit by the virus, which arrived in this country in January.. A thousand farms in Europe have reported cases since the first signs of the virus were seen in the German town of Schmallenberg last summer.. The National Farmers Union has called it a potential "catastrophe" and warned farmers to be vigilant. "This is a ticking time bomb," said Alastair Mackintosh, of the NFU. "We dont yet know the extent of the disease. We only find out the damage when sheep and cows give birth, and by then its too late.". It is unclear exactly how the disease arrived in Britain, but the leading theory is that midges carried the virus ...
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From the BBC Climate change is raising the risk of diseases such as Schmallenberg in the UK and northern Europe, say scientists. Schmallenberg virus affects
SCHMALLENBERG virus (SBV) had been confirmed on 83 farms in England by February 27. In an update, the AHVLA reported that five of the positive results had been confirmed from cattle premises and the remainder from sheep premises. It also noted that none of the affected farms had reported importing animals during 2011 from affected areas in mainland Europe.. In addition to counties already affected, cases had been identified in Berkshire and Gloucestershire, as well as on the Isle of Wight, all on sheep holdings.. Defras International Disease Monitoring (IDM) … ...
Working on a Cache Valley Farm" is curated by Utah State Universitys Special Collections and Archives photography curator Daniel Davis. Comprising images of how people worked on Cache Valley farms, the exhibit demonstrates the changes that occurred after 1890 when steam-powered tractors were first utilized. Steam-power would eventually transform labor on farms ushering in huge societal changes in America as people moved off farms and into towns and cities ...
WELSH farmers face a harrowing lambing season between Christmas and May because most of their flocks and herds are infected with Schmallenberg virus (SBV), experts have revealed.
DUMFRIES and Galloway MSP Jim Hume has called for the Scottish Government to act after Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was detected close to the Scottish border.
Since November 2011, a newly recognised virus, provisionally named Schmallenberg virus, has been reported in cattle, sheep and goats in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United Kingdom and France. Additionally, one bison has been confirmed positive for Schmallenberg virus in Germany.. ...
NBDC has collated the results recorded in the UK for Registered animals from lactations produced over the two forage seasons from spring 2013 to autumn 2014. Spring 2013 was itself unusually cold, late and harsh, limiting forage availability early on. More recent grazing and forage conservation conditions were generally more favourable.. Evidence also suggests that milk yields of English herds, were also suppressed by the effects of the Schmallenberg virus during the summer of 2013 (Prof. Joe Brownlee, Royal Veterinary College, London). Breeding indices for all breeds have continued to move further from focussing on yields, and more towards the selection for health, fertility, fitness, conformation and longevity traits. (AHDB, 2014). Average yields for 2014 have recovered to near previous levels for all breeds, influenced by both improved climatic conditions and economic factors.. ...
NORWAY - Schmallenbergvirus was first detected in Norway in autumn 2012 and the Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NVI) is preparing the industry for action.
Sidwell, R.W., J.H. Huffman, D.L. Barnard, D.F. Smee, R.P. Warren, M.A. Chirigos, M. Kende and J. Huggins. 1994. Antiviral and immunomodulating inhibitors of experimentallyinduced Punt Toro virus infections. Antiviral Res. 25:105-122. PMID: 7847873. ...
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When a client requests on-demand content, a cache/proxy server can stream the requested content to the client on behalf of the origin server. Offsetting the load on the origin server from which the content is published conserves bandwidth and decreases network-imposed latency, reducing costs and providing a better viewing experience for clients. The WMS Cache/Proxy plug-in in Windows Media Services 2008 is used to configure a Windows Media server as a cache/proxy server. This plug-in downloads content requested by clients from an origin server to cache storage on the cache/proxy server (the cache directory) for subsequent delivery to clients. A record of each downloaded file is maintained in a cache index file (the cache database) so that the plug-in can be used to manage the cache directory.. ...
The new Toro T5 RapidSet Series Rotor has the features to satisfy all your basic irrigation needs while surprising you with a few extras. The T5 offers an extra inch of pop-up height compared to most competitive units. All lawn models are now available with the optional RapidSet feature, a quick and easy way to make arc adjustments-with NO TOOLS. For those day-in and day-out installations, the T5 is the only rotor youll need.. ...
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One is also almost certain to be surprised by the results: the genetics of Schlumbergera flower color are complicated and not fully understood. You can cross a salmon with a salmon and wind up with 200 white seedlings, or cross a pink with a yellow and get purples. Spontaneous mutations also sometimes happen, though since spontaneous mutations tend to be recessive, it can take years to get them to show up: you have to get two copies of a recessive gene in a plant before you can see what it does, and Schlumbergera self-incompatibility means that you cant just cross a plant with itself, or a close relative, to get the two recessive genes together. In fact, Schlumbergera breeding in general sounds like a frustrating business: anytime you get a trait you like, no matter how you got it (induced mutation by irradiation, hybridization with another species, good old-fashioned random crossings followed by selection of the most interesting ones), you have to cross it with something that doesnt have that ...
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The court here seems to suggest that the platform must directly support the entire body rather than through a component. The problem with this argument is the seat (another component attached to the platform) actually supports most of the operators body. For the claim to make any sense, the platforms support function must pass through these attached components.. By accepting the broader claim construction, the court was also able to affirm the finding that Scag is likely to succeed on the merits of the case (proving infringement). Here, the district courts order enjoins Toro from "making, using, selling, and offering to sell lawnmowers equipped with platform suspension systems that infringe Scags patent, U.S. Patent No. 8,186,457." J.A. 6. Toro argues the district courts preliminary injunction is overly broad. We do not agree. The Decision and Order in which the district court grants the motion for the preliminary injunction discusses both the claims at issue as well as the defendants ...
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At file:///home2/mydev/bzrroot/mysql-6.0-keycache-1/ based on revid:[email protected] 2810 Ingo Struewing 2009-04-07 Bug#44068 - RESTORE can disable the MyISAM Key Cache The test case myisam_keycache_coverage used to fail if it ran after backup_myisam_sync. The reason was that the latter test case disabled the key cache during RESTORE. The error injection in myisam_keycache_coverage became void as the key cache wasnt used any more. Reads of the index file bypassed the cache, and the statements succeeded. Fixed by moving initialization and de-initialization of the key cache from mi_examine_log() to myisamlog. In the server, the initialization is already done. Additional change: To make the state of the key cache visible, I added cleanup for the status variables blocks_used and blocks_unused. This improves the testability. @ mysql-test/r/myisam_keycache_coverage.result Bug#44068 - RESTORE can disable the MyISAM Key Cache Updated test result. @ ...
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Hello: Just curious to know, if Select statement with full tablescan (No indexes are used or not existing based on CBO) uses db_buffer_cache? If the table is indexed and if server process using indexes to fetch data then, definitely it has to use db_buffer_cache? Isnt it? Thanks, ST2003
Apologies in advance to anyone whos sick of watching from a distance as I dig through the buffer cache code; I never claimed to be well informed! After spending most of the night reading through parts of the kernel source in a diner I wanted a decent picture of what the _actual result_ of various parts of the buffer cache code looked like on one of my typical systems here at work. I built a kernel with DEBUG and turned on debug.syncprt with sysctl. One of my suspicions was immediately confirmed: There are *NO* buffers larger than 8K on my system, ever. The machine in question is a fairly small-memory machine, so I have nbuf=bufpages; however, within a minute or so of runtime, about 2/3 of the buffers are 8k, as Id expect (all of my filesystems have 8K blocks), and about 1/3 remain at 4K. This is the in-use buffers; the 8K buffers have been created, of course, by stripping pages from other buffers; at the default size of one page (4K, on the i386), this means that a lot of buffers went away ...
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Quite a common citrix forum one this and can have many causes/fixes. One that is quite common is MS patching, whilst updating one of the lab images i was working on did notice with a few XenDesktop machines (windows 8 the OS btw but can cover any variant of windows) that the write cache growth was…
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CONFIG_SYS_[DI]CACHE_OFF had been partially converted to Kconfig parameters; only for the ARC architecture. This patch turns these two parameters into Kconfig items everywhere else they are found. All of the...
On Mon, Aug 29, 2016 at 08:11:08AM +0900, Norbert Preining wrote: , Hi Siep, , , , ,You would need a lot of knowledge of the internals of TL to figure , ,that out. , , That why there was a smiley. , , Can you suggest a modus operandi for the suggested tlmgr action that works nicely with the XeTeX postinstall script? For a single-user install everything should happen automatically, so no need for any provisions in tlmgr. For a multiuser install and an admin run, two actions would be useful: 1. re-running fc-cache 2. switching to per-user caches by simply appending FC_CACHEDIR = $TEXMFVAR/fonts/cache to the root texmf.cnf. It appears that a system fontconfig and a user cache work just fine together. -- Siep Kroonenberg ...
Honetarako behintzat Pion etxeko bi lamina erabili nituen; izan ere aurrekaldeko aingerutxoa bi dimentsiotan moztuta dago. Elurra, izotza, loreak, lumak, zinta asko............eta atzekaldea????........ba lehen aldiz erabili dudan "pan de oro" esaten zaion urrezko xaflatxoak erabiltzen erakutsi zigun Lurdesek (mila esker maitia): ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks as reservoir and vector of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus in China. AU - Luo, Li Mei. AU - Zhao, Li. AU - Wen, Hong Ling. AU - Zhang, Zhen Tang. AU - Liu, Jian Wei. AU - Fang, Li Zhu. AU - Xue, Zai Feng. AU - Ma, Dong Qiang. AU - Zhang, Xiao Shuang. AU - Ding, Shu Jun. AU - Lei, Xiao Ying. AU - Yu, Xue Jie. PY - 2015/9/1. Y1 - 2015/9/1. N2 - Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging hemorrhagic fever in East Asia caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV), a newly discovered phlebovirus. The Haemaphysalis longicornis tick has been suspected to be the vector of SFTSV. To determine whether SFTSV can be transmitted among ticks, from ticks to animals, and from animals to ticks, we conducted transmission studies between developmental stages of H. longicornis ticks and between ticks and mice. Using reverse transcription PCR, we also analyzed the prevalence of SFTSV infection among H. longicornis ticks collected from ...
The Oropouche virus (OROV) is one of the most common orthobunyaviruses. When OROV infects humans, it causes a rapid fever illness called Oropouche fever. OROV was originally reported in Trinidad and Tobago in 1955 from the blood sample of a fever patient and from a pool of Coquillettidia venezuelensis mosquitoes. In 1960, OROV was isolated from a sloth (Bradypus tridactylus) and a pool of Ochlerotatus (Ochlerotatus) serratus mosquitoes in Brazil. The virus is considered a public health threat in tropical and subtropical areas of Central and South America, with over half million infected people as of 2005. OROV is considered to be an arbovirus due to the method of transmission by the mosquitoes Aedes serratus and Culex quinquefasciatus among sloths, marsupials, primates, and birds. Between 1961 and 1980, OROV was reported in the northern state of Pará, Brazil, and from 1980 to 2004, OROV had spread to the Amazonas, Amapá, Acre, Rondônia, Tocantis, and Maranhão. The virus would cause Oropouche ...
In 2008, human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) was reported from China. However, the clinical and laboratory findings, including reports of nosocomial transmission, were inconsistent with those reported for HGA in the United States. In 2012, it was demonstrated that the patients described in the 2008 report had all been infected with a newly discovered bunyavirus, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus, which causes an illness with the same clinical features described for the patients in the 2008 report. This finding raises the question of HGA misdiagnosis in China and establishes the need for further studies to determine whether HGA occurs there.
Toscana virus (TOSV) is an arthropod-borne virus first identified in 1971 from the sandfly Phlebotomus perniciosus in central Italy. Many case reports in travelers and clinical research and epidemiologic studies conducted around the Mediterranean region have shown that TOSV has a tropism for the central nervous system (CNS) and is a major cause of meningitis and encephalitis in countries in which it circulates. In central Italy, TOSV is the most frequent cause of meningitis from May to October, far exceeding enteroviruses. In other northern Mediterranean countries, TOSV is among the 3 most prevalent viruses associated with meningitis during the warm seasons. Therefore, TOSV must be considered an emerging pathogen. Here, we review the epidemiology of TOSV in Europe and determine questions that should be addressed in future studies. Despite increasing evidence of its major role in medicine as an emerging cause of CNS infections, TOSV remains an unstudied pathogen, and few physicians are aware of ...
This chapter summarizes the current state of knowledge about how the viruses of the Bunyaviridae succeed in establishing infection in the face of a powerful innate immune system. Members of the Bunyaviridae are classified into five genera: Orthobunyavirus, Phlebovirus, Hantavirus, Nairovirus, and Tospovirus. In this chapter the term bunyavirus refers to a member of the Bunyaviridae family, while the terms orthobunyavirus phlebovirus refer to viruses in the eponymous genus. A well-established animal model for pathogenicity of arthropod-transmitted bunyaviruses does exist for La Crosse virus (LACV) virus in mice. Just as it is described for crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), high levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) are present in hantavirus patients. A similar scenario is conceivable for those bunyaviruses that use arthropods as vectors. The first interferon (IFN) antagonists described for bunyaviruses were the NSs proteins of the orthobunyavirus
Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are currently the most important biological vectors of livestock arboviruses in Europe. Outbreaks of bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV) continue to have a significant economic impact through clinical disease and the imposition of animal trade movement restrictions. At least three Culicoides-borne viruses recently identified in Europe possess an unknown origin, hence future outbreaks involving described or undescribed strains or species of Culicoides-borne viruses have a high potential of occurring in the future. These viruses could include further incursions of known arboviruses (including additional species of Culicoides-borne arboviruses such as African horse sickness or Epizootic Haemorhagic Disease Virus) or as yet undescribed species with an unknown pathogenicity to livestock or humans. In this project we will dissect Culicoides vector-arbovirus relationships across multiple ecosystems and species and in unprecedented ...
AbstractThe aim of the study was to estimate and compare the distribution of Culicoides biting midges species at farms with different main hosts - cattle and horse. Culicoides spp. are known vectors of arboviruses including African horse sickness virus (AHSV), bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV). The latter two have been already reported in Polish ruminants recently, while AHSV remains absent, however the risk of its emergence has been increasing in the recent years. In order to establish the activity of potential AHSV vector at vicinity of horses, an OVI midge trap has been placed at the horse stables in the southeastern Poland. Another trap has been placed 7 km away at the cattle farm. The collections were carried over the midge activity season from April until November 2016. The midge abundances at both sites were comparable with the total numbers of insects trapped of 43,153 and 34,829 at the cattle and horse farm, respectively. Midges belonging to C. obsoletus/scoticus complex were
More than 400 people were sickened in a huge norovirus outbreak in Washington state; the outbreak has been linked to two El Toro restaurants in that area.
Zeller, H., & Bouloy, M. (2000). Infections by viruses of the families Bunyaviridae and Filoviridae. Scientific and Technical ... this is a longer period of viremia than what is normally observed in cases of Bunyaviridae infections. The second human case of ... there are no known symptoms of infection. There is a quick period of viraemia before seroconversion and the infection is ... However, if the animal is pregnant and not protected by antibodies from a previous infection, Cache Valley Virus can be very ...
For example, they are a source of rabies fatalities in the United States which results in one to two infections per year in ... They are single-stranded, negative sense, RNA viruses in the Bunyaviridae family. The filoviruses are responsible for fatal ... In addition, bats are known to have persistent viral infections at a rate higher than other mammals. This is believed to be due ... Krüger DH, Schonrich G, Klempa B. Human pathogenic hantaviruses and prevention of infection. Hum Vaccin. 2011;7:685-93. New ...
Bunyaviridae family Hendra virus infection Hendra virus Hepatitis A Hepatitis A virus ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
The Oropouche virus (OROV) is found in the family Bunyaviridae. The study of apoptosis brought on by Bunyaviridae was initiated ... Viruses can remain intact from apoptosis in particular in the latter stages of infection. They can be exported in the apoptotic ... The progression of the human immunodeficiency virus infection into AIDS is due primarily to the depletion of CD4+ T-helper ... Cells may also die as direct consequences of viral infections. HIV-1 expression induces tubular cell G2/M arrest and apoptosis ...
The tiboviruses that affect humans are limited to within 3 families: Flaviviridae, Reoviridae, and Bunyaviridae. Flaviviridae: ... For a person to acquire infection the tick must bit and feed for a sufficient period of time. ... Bunyaviridae: Virus: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Disease: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Vector: Hyalomma marginatum ...
Viralzone: Bunyaviridae ICTVdb Index of Viruses-Bunyaviridae The Big Picture Book of Viruses: Bunyaviridae Bunyaviridae Genomes ... Incidence of infection is closely linked to vector activity, for example, mosquito-borne viruses are more common in the summer ... It was formerly known as Bunyaviridae family of viruses. In 2017, the ICTV reclassified the family Bunyaviridae as Bunyvirales ... Bunyaviridae have tripartite genomes consisting of a large (L), medium (M), and small (S) RNA segment. These RNA segments are ...
"Human Infection with Bhanja Virus." Human Infection with Bhanja Virus. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, n ... Zdenek Hubálek, "Biogeography of Tick-Borne Bhanja Virus (Bunyaviridae) in Europe," Interdisciplinary Perspectives on ... Due to viral infections not responding to antibiotics, treatment is mainly to reduce the signs and symptoms; for which ... "Bhanja Virus Infection in Hedgehogs and Bears (Viral Disease Link)". wildpro.twycrosszoo.org. Retrieved 2014-07-25. ...
... in mosquito cells no cell death is observed and persistent infection is established. Whereas in mammalian cells infection is ... Batai virus is a member of the genus Orthobunyavirus and a member of the family Bunyaviridae. Batai virus is part of a diverse ... Infection results in high fever, chills, severe headache, dizziness, back, and abdominal pains. Other symptoms that have been ... Plyusnin, A. (2011). Bunyaviridae: Molecular and cellular biology. Norfolk, UK: Caister Academic Press. Liu, H.; Shao, X.; Hu, ...
Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases (Impact ... Bunyaviridae. ... Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular ...
The infection is usually self-limiting and complications are rare. This illness usually lasts for about a week but in extreme ... Oropouche fever is caused by the oropouche virus (OROV) that belongs to the bunyaviridae family of arboviruses. This virus is a ... As the infection progresses, the virus crosses the blood-brain barrier and spreads to the brain parenchyma leading to severe ... Two of the patients already had underlying infections that can effect the CNS and immune system and in particular one of these ...
... (MTNV) is a single-stranded, enveloped, negative sense RNA hantavirus species of the Bunyaviridae family. It is ... genetic identification of rodent host species and spillover infection". Virus Res. 168 (1-2): 88-96. doi:10.1016/j.virusres. ...
Schultze D, Korte W, Rafeiner P, Niedrig M (2012) First report of sandfly fever virus infection imported from Malta into ... Mertz GJ (1997) Bunyaviridae: Bunyaviruses, Phleboviruses, Nairoviruses and Hantaviruses. In: Clinical Virology, Richman DD, ... 2013) Characterization of the Salehabad virus species complex of the genus Phlebovirus (Bunyaviridae). J Gen Virol 94: 837-842 ... Sandfly fever Naples virus taxonomy Bunyaviridae Genomes-database search results from the Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center ...
Vesenjak-Hirjan J, Calisher CH, Beus I. Marton E. First natural clinical human Bhanja virus infection, p 297-301. 1980. In ... Bunyaviridae) based on partial M segment sequence analyses". J. Gen. Virol. 84 (Pt 2): 465-73. doi:10.1099/vir.0.18765-0. PMID ... Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) from field collected arthropods". Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 89: 445-52. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0209. PMC ... Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) from the Amazon region of Brazil". Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 32 (5): 1164-71. PMID 6312820. ...
Helicobacter pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Escherichia coli O157:H7, O111 and O104:H4 ... Bunyaviridae family. Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A Virus. Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B Virus. ... Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin. ...
As with other Bunyaviridae, each of the three segments has a consensus 3'-terminal nucleotide sequence (AUCAUCAUC), which is ... The pathogenesis of hantavirus infections is unclear as there is a lack of animal models to describe it (rats and mice do not ... Members of other Bunyaviridae family genera are generally arthropod-borne viruses, but hantaviruses are thought to be ... "Hantavirus Infection Cases, by State of Exposure , Hantavirus , DHCPP , CDC". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2017- ...
Antibodies or virus have been detected in dogs, raccoons, cattle, and humans, but no evidence of infection has been found in ... Watts SL, Garcia-Maruniak A, Maruniak JE (2009). "Tensaw virus genome sequence and its relation to other Bunyaviridae". Virus ... Calisher CH, Lazuick JS, Lieb S, Monath TP, Castro KG (1988). "Human infections with Tensaw virus in south Florida: evidence ... but clinical disease from Tensaw virus infection in humans had not been reliably demonstrated as of 2006. Evidence that ...
The infections could have occurred as early as 2003, based on the estimated ages of affected deer. The following symptoms and ... First Detection of Heartland Virus (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) from Field Collected Arthropods. The American Journal of ... Most infections are diagnosed between May and September. Patients usually report having been bitten by a tick within two weeks ... Antibody titers against the virus may also be used to indicate infection with the Heartland virus. Treatment is non-specific. ...
78 (2): 290-7. Peters, C.J. (2006). "Emerging Infections: Lessons from the Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers". Transactions of the ... Bunyaviridae Occurrences and deaths in North and South America. ...
In adults, infection is asymptomatic, which means that the patient is a carrier of the infection, but experiences no symptoms ... California encephalitis virus belongs to the Bunyaviridae family of viruses. The La Crosse Virus from the same genus is also a ... Outdoor activities, especially in woodland areas, are associated with an increased risk of infection. Initial infection by the ... It then can result in encephalitis, when inflammation of the brain, produced by infection by the virus, damages nerve cells, ...
The Oropouche virus (OROV) is found in the family Bunyaviridae. The study of apoptosis brought on by Bunyaviridae was initiated ... Viral infection[edit]. Viral induction of apoptosis occurs when one or several cells of a living organism are infected with a ... The binding of nuclear receptors by glucocorticoids,[19] heat,[19] radiation,[19] nutrient deprivation,[19] viral infection,[19 ... The progression of the human immunodeficiency virus infection into AIDS is due primarily to the depletion of CD4+ T-helper ...
Most of Peters' current work in the laboratory deals with Bunyaviridae (including the phylogeny of phleboviruses such as Rift ... His arenavirus research concentrates on the effects of infection on cellular function, particularly those molecular ...
Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae). Tick-borne flaviviruses are among the most important viruses in the world, primarily Europe and ... these ticks may serve as a long-term maintenance mechanism for Karshi virus Earlier studies suggest that the infection of a two ... day old white experimental mice infected with the virus results in fatality with deaths occurring 8-12 days after infection. ... have reported with severe disease such as encephalitis and other large outbreaks of fever illness connected infection with ...
The Oropouche virus (OROV) is found in the family Bunyaviridae. The study of apoptosis brought on by Bunyaviridae was initiated ... The binding of nuclear receptors by glucocorticoids,[21] heat,[21] radiation,[21] nutrient deprivation,[21] viral infection,[21 ... Viral infectionEdit. Viral induction of apoptosis occurs when one or several cells of a living organism are infected with a ... Everett H, McFadden G (April 1999). "Apoptosis: an innate immune response to virus infection". Trends in Microbiology. 7 (4): ...
Longquan City, Zhejiang province, China, has a persistently high rate of human infection with GOUV. There is speculation that a ... Bunyaviridae. ...
Laboratory investigation may be useful in diagnosing associated bacterial infections, however. Viral infections are commonly of ... "Bunyaviridae". ViralZone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. Retrieved 2015-10-03. "Filoviridae". ViralZone. SIB Swiss ... A viral disease (or viral infection) occurs when an organism's body is invaded by pathogenic viruses, and infectious virus ... [email protected] List of latent human viral infections Pathogenic bacteria Taylor, M.P.; Kobiler, O.; Enquist, L. W. (2012). " ...
Oligomerization for sNSVs has been shown to be similar to this for some Bunyaviridae, but it may also take place much more ... Each of these are a portion of the IFN pathway described previously in the immune system's innate response to viral infection. ... X-ray crystal structures of N proteins and EM micrographs of RNP complexes from a number of Bunyaviridae (a Family of segmented ... Many cells use this to locate and identify viruses, and to restrict the viral infection. NNSVs however have developed a pathway ...
... is a vaccine that protects in humans against hantavirus infections causing Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with ... The vaccine is considered important as acute hantavirus infections are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality ... Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Bunyaviridae. *v. *t. *e. Artificial induction of immunity / Immunization ...
No known human cases of infection have been reported. Nova virus was first isolated in European moles (Talpa europaea) found in ... Bunyaviridae Occurrences and deaths in North and South America. ... "High prevalence of Nova hantavirus infection in the European ...
Zeller, H., & Bouloy, M. (2000). Infections by viruses of the families Bunyaviridae and Filoviridae. Scientific and Technical ... this is a longer period of viremia than what is normally observed in cases of Bunyaviridae infections. The second human case of ... there are no known symptoms of infection. There is a quick period of viraemia before seroconversion and the infection is ... However, if the animal is pregnant and not protected by antibodies from a previous infection, Cache Valley Virus can be very ...
The TSGs of F. occidentalis are proposed as a route for TSWV infection into the PSGs. The transgenic plants and the new ... Keywords: Plant virus-vector interaction; Bunyaviridae; Transmission-blocking technology; Transgenic tomato; Salivary glands; ... Dynamics of infection. Graduation Month: August. Degree: Doctor of Philosophy. Department: Department of Plant Pathology. Major ... occidentalis and of their infection with TSWV were described. The virus colonized different cell types and regions within the ...
It is often a complication of a bacterial infection of a wound, although it can also be… Hepatitis , Hepatitis is inflammation ... viruses within the Bunyaviridae family. ... Wide-spread infections in medical facilities have occurred due ... Hookworm infections are caused by intestinal nematodes (roundworms), with most human infections being caused by either Necator ... HEMORRHAGIC FEVER: A hemorrhagic fever is caused by viral infection and features a high fever and a high volume of (copious) ...
... post infection had little effect on the replication cycle. However, addition of IFN immediately following infection conferred ... Bunyamwera virus (BUNV) is the prototype virus for the genus Orthobunyavirus and the family Bunyaviridae. BUNV is a ... The first line of defence against viral infection is the interferon (IFN) response, which must be overcome by a virus for ... Cells stimulated into the antiviral state by IFN treatment were protected against BUNV infection but addition of IFN 6 hours ( ...
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a haemorrhagic fever agent caused by an infection with an enveloped negative-stranded RNA Rift ... Valley fever virus (RVFV). It belongs to the genus Phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae. The virus is spread by infected ...
The infections were weaker in the midgut epithelial and muscle cells of T. tabaci larvae, followed by an almost complete ... absence of any infection in the ligaments, and a complete absence in the salivary glands. Studies by electron microscopy ... The first infections in F. occidentalis larvae were detected by immunocytochemical studies in midgut epithelial and ... Calisher, C. H. ( 1996; ). History, classification, and taxonomy of viruses in the family Bunyaviridae. In The Bunyaviridae , ...
As the infection progresses respiratory symptoms appear, including coughing and shortness of breath. - Stock Image C014/2393 ... Keywords: biological, biology, bunyaviridae, bunyavirus, coloured, enveloped, false-coloured, four corners virus, hantavirus, ... As the infection progresses respiratory symptoms appear, including coughing and shortness of breath. ...
Rift Valley fever virus is an enveloped RNA virus that belongs to the genus Phlebovirus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family. ... In humans, the incubation period of RVFV is 2-6 days and infection may present in different ways. In many cases, individuals ... Pepin M et al (2010). Rift Valley fever virus (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus): an update on pathogenesis, molecular epidemiology, ... and there is no licensed prophylactic vaccine to prevent RVFV infection. Diagnosis of RVFV in humans is achieved using ...
... caused by a member of the Bunyaviridae family, has spread during recent years to most sub-Saharan African countries, in Egypt ... by the need to euthanize sufficient numbers of animals and to assay appropriate organs at various time points after infection ...
Find out information about Bunyaviridae infections. A family of enveloped spherical viruses whose lipid envelopes contain at ... least one virus-specific glycopeptide; members develop in the cytoplasm and mature... Explanation of Bunyaviridae infections ... Bunyaviridae. (redirected from Bunyaviridae infections). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical. Bunyaviridae. [¦bən·yə′ ... Bunyaviridae infections , Article about Bunyaviridae infections by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary. ...
Arbovirus Infections. Virus Diseases. Hepatitis, Viral, Animal. Bunyaviridae Infections. RNA Virus Infections. Hemorrhagic ... The secondary objective is to assess incidence of RVF infection in vaccinated personnel ...
Hantavirus (Bunyaviridae) infections in rodents from Orange and San Diego counties, California. S G Bennett, J P Webb Jr, M B ... These results indicated the putative site of infection and identified this rodent species as the source of infection. ... Black Creek Canal Virus infection in Sigmodon hispidus in southern Florida. G E Glass, W Livingstone, J N Mills, W G Hlady, J B ... Choclo Virus Infection in the Syrian Golden Hamster Eduardo J. Eyzaguirre, Mary Louise Milazzo, Frederick T. Koster and Charles ...
Bunyaviridae: infections and diagnosis. In: Kurstak E, Kurstak C, editors. Comparative diagnosis of viral diseases, Vol. IV. ... Virus infections of ruminants. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers; 1990. p. 467-480. ... all belonging to the family Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus, and Simbu serogroup (1). Real-time PCR detected the genomic ... lesions probably caused by in utero infection with the new virus. ...
SEROPREVALENCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF FLAVIVIRIDAE, TOGAVIRIDAE, AND BUNYAVIRIDAE ARBOVIRAL INFECTIONS IN RURAL CAMEROONIAN ADULTS ... Among 514 opiate users who were HCV and HIV seronegative at baseline, 41 incident HCV infections and 6 HIV infections occurred ... HIGHER SEROPREVALENCE OF ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA INFECTION IS ASSOCIATED WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 INFECTION IN ... infections make it essential to use molecular techniques to estimate the force of infection and duration of infections in ...
HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS ... BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS ... ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS ... PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.. Meningitis, ...
... acute HIV infection is critical to understanding subtype-specific pathophysiologic differences, since u... ... HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS ... BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS ... DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal ...
Categories: Bunyaviridae Infections Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
The domestic chickens in this study were susceptible to WN virus infection, developed detectable antibodies, survived infection ... infection by needle, mosquito, or oral inoculation. None of 21 infected chickens developed clinical disease, and all these ... Mosquito feeding-induced enhancement of Cache Valley virus (Bunyaviridae) infection in mice. J Med Entomol. 1998;35:261-5. ... The domestic chickens in this study were susceptible to WN virus infection, developed detectable antibodies, survived infection ...
CCHF is caused by infection with a tickborne virus of the Bunyaviridae family (1-3). Transmission occurs from the bite of an ... These findings will help direct future public health planning with the goal of reducing CCHF infection in the Georgia ... Analysis of risk-factors among patients with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus infection: severity criteria revisited. ...
Association between movement and Sin Nombre virus (Bunyaviridae: Hantavirus) infection in North American deermice (Peromyscus ... during sexually transmitted infection and reproductive tract infection treatment among female sexually transmitted infection ... The role of co-infections in mother-to-child transmission of HIVExternal. King CC, Ellington SR, Kourtis AP.. Curr HIV Res. ... A trich-y question: should Trichomonas vaginalis infection be reportable?External. Hoots BE, Peterman TA, Torrone EA, Weinstock ...
Rodent-borne hantaviruses (family Bunyaviridae) cause two distinct human infections; hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome ( ... PUUV infection probability in bank voles was positively related to vole age. Infection probability was highest in the fire area ... The aim was to study the metabolic response during the early phase of acute infection. The qPCR panel developed in Paper I was ... For many infections transmitting to humans from reservoirs in nature, disease dispersal patterns over space and time are ...
Seroepidemiology of California and Bunyamwera serogroup (Bunyaviridae) virus infections in native populations of Alaska. Am J ... JCV infection is likely underdiagnosed due to lack of awareness of this virus and limited diagnostic testing options. The ... Specifically, infection with JCV should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with mosquito exposure who ... It is important to be aware that infection with JCV may result in serologic cross-reactivity with other more common arboviruses ...
26.2 Bunyaviridae family 478. 26.3 Climate Change and Bunyaviridae: Climatic influences on transmission cycles and subsequent ... Predictive modeling for emerging viral infections. Viral Infections and Global Change is an indispensable resource for research ... 14.3 Challenges in diagnosis of emerging viral infections 259. 14.4 Approaches to the diagnosis of emerging viral infections ... Part II Specific Infections 353. 19 New, Emerging, And Reemerging Respiratory Viruses 355. Fleur M. Moesker, Pieter L.A. Fraaij ...
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found ... Bacterial Infections Chapter Cardiovascular Medicine Chapter Dermatology Chapter Emerging Infections Chapter Examination ... Infectious Disease - Emerging Infections Pages Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotic Resistant Salmonella Avian Influenza Carbapenem ... An infection caused by Hantaviruses. It manifests with flu-like symptoms but it rapidly progresses to life-threatening ...
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found ... An infection caused by Hantaviruses. It manifests with flu-like symptoms but it rapidly progresses to life-threatening ... A genus of single-stranded, segmented, negative-sense RNA viruses in the family bunyaviridae. These viruses are transmitted by ... genus of the family Bunyaviridae causing diseases such as hemorrhagic fever, nephropathia epidemica, and Hantavirus Pulmonary ...
  • In mosquito cells neither host cell transcription nor translation are inhibited, and although so far no function for the orthobunyavirus NSs protein has been found in mosquito cells, it seems the differential behavior of NSs could be one of the factors responsible for different outcomes of infection in mammalian and mosquito cell lines. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first infections in F. occidentalis larvae were detected by immunocytochemical studies in midgut epithelial and subsequently in midgut muscle cells, the ligaments, and finally in the salivary glands. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The infections were weaker in the midgut epithelial and muscle cells of T. tabaci larvae, followed by an almost complete absence of any infection in the ligaments, and a complete absence in the salivary glands. (microbiologyresearch.org)
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