A family of viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of a single strand of RNA. Virions are enveloped particles 90-120 nm diameter. The complete family contains over 300 members arranged in five genera: ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS; HANTAVIRUS; NAIROVIRUS; PHLEBOVIRUS; and TOSPOVIRUS.
Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE comprising many viruses, most of which are transmitted by Phlebotomus flies and cause PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER. The type species is RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS.
A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. A large number of serotypes or strains exist in many parts of the world. They are transmitted by mosquitoes and infect humans in some areas.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE containing over 150 viruses, most of which are transmitted by mosquitoes or flies. They are arranged in groups defined by serological criteria, each now named for the original reference species (previously called serogroups). Many species have multiple serotypes or strains.
A species in the genus PHLEBOVIRUS of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE, infecting vertebrates and vectored by ticks. It has not been associated with human disease though antibodies have been isolated from human sera.
A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.
A serotype of the species California encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, CALIFORNIA), in the genus ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS, causing human MENINGOENCEPHALITIS. This is the agent most responsible for California encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, CALIFORNIA), the most prevalent mosquito-borne disease recognized in the United States.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE named after NAIROBI SHEEP DISEASE, an acute, hemorrhagic, tick-borne, gastroenteritis affecting sheep and goats. The type species is Dugbe virus. Some viruses in this genus are capable of causing severe and fatal disease in humans.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE causing HANTAVIRUS INFECTIONS, first identified during the Korean war. Infection is found primarily in rodents and humans. Transmission does not appear to involve arthropods. HANTAAN VIRUS is the type species.
A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. Serotypes are found in temperate and arctic regions and each is closely associated with a single species of vector mosquito. The vertebrate hosts are usually small mammals but several serotypes infect humans.
The type species of the genus HANTAVIRUS infecting the rodent Apodemus agrarius and humans who come in contact with it. It causes syndromes of hemorrhagic fever associated with vascular and especially renal pathology.
A species of NAIROVIRUS of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. It is primarily transmitted by ticks and causes a severe, often fatal disease in humans.
Infections with viruses of the genus HANTAVIRUS. This is associated with at least four clinical syndromes: HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME caused by viruses of the Hantaan group; a milder form of HFRS caused by SEOUL VIRUS; nephropathia epidemica caused by PUUMALA VIRUS; and HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME caused by SIN NOMBRE VIRUS.
An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.
A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE family. Previously a large group of serotypes, most are now considered separate species.
A viral infection of the brain caused by serotypes of California encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, CALIFORNIA) transmitted to humans by the mosquito AEDES triseriatus. The majority of cases are caused by the LA CROSSE VIRUS. This condition is endemic to the midwestern United States and primarily affects children between 5-10 years of age. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; VOMITING; HEADACHE; and abdominal pain followed by SEIZURES, altered mentation, and focal neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13)
A genus of plant viruses in the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. Tomato spotted wilt virus is the type species. Transmission occurs by at least nine species of thrips.
Influenza-like febrile viral disease caused by several members of the BUNYAVIRIDAE family and transmitted mostly by the bloodsucking sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii.
Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)
A species in the genus PHLEBOVIRUS causing PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER, an influenza-like illness. Related serotypes include Toscana virus and Tehran virus.
Viral proteins found in either the NUCLEOCAPSID or the viral core (VIRAL CORE PROTEINS).
A species of HANTAVIRUS causing nephropathia epidemica, a mild form of HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME. It is found in most of Europe and especially in Finland, along with its carrier rodent, the bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus).
A group of viral diseases of diverse etiology but having many similar clinical characteristics; increased capillary permeability, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia are common to all. Hemorrhagic fevers are characterized by sudden onset, fever, headache, generalized myalgia, backache, conjunctivitis, and severe prostration, followed by various hemorrhagic symptoms. Hemorrhagic fever with kidney involvement is HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME.
A CELL LINE derived from the kidney of the African green (vervet) monkey, (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS) used primarily in virus replication studies and plaque assays.
Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
A species of NAIROVIRUS, transmitted by the ixodid ticks and producing a lethal gastroenteritis in sheep and goats. Though a major veterinary pathogen, its effect on humans has not been firmly established.
A severe, often fatal disease in humans caused by the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (HEMORRHAGIC FEVER VIRUS, CRIMEAN-CONGO).
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.
A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.
A species of HANTAVIRUS which emerged in the Four Corners area of the United States in 1993. It causes a serious, often fatal pulmonary illness (HANTAVIRUS PULMONARY SYNDROME) in humans. Transmission is by inhaling aerosolized rodent secretions that contain virus particles, carried especially by deer mice (PEROMYSCUS maniculatus) and pinyon mice (P. truei).
A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
An acute febrile disease occurring predominately in Asia. It is characterized by fever, prostration, vomiting, hemorrhagic phenonema, shock, and renal failure. It is caused by any one of several closely related species of the genus Hantavirus. The most severe form is caused by HANTAAN VIRUS whose natural host is the rodent Apodemus agrarius. Milder forms are caused by SEOUL VIRUS and transmitted by the rodents Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus, and the PUUMALA VIRUS with transmission by Clethrionomys galreolus.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Infections caused by arthropod-borne viruses, general or unspecified.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
A subfamily of the family MURIDAE comprised of 69 genera. New World mice and rats are included in this subfamily.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
A protein-nucleic acid complex which forms part or all of a virion. It consists of a CAPSID plus enclosed nucleic acid. Depending on the virus, the nucleocapsid may correspond to a naked core or be surrounded by a membranous envelope.
Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.
The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.
Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.
The infective system of a virus, composed of the viral genome, a protein core, and a protein coat called a capsid, which may be naked or enclosed in a lipoprotein envelope called the peplos.
The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.
Proteins found mainly in icosahedral DNA and RNA viruses. They consist of proteins directly associated with the nucleic acid inside the NUCLEOCAPSID.
Proteins conjugated with nucleic acids.
A genus of the family Muridae having three species. The present domesticated strains were developed from individuals brought from Syria. They are widely used in biomedical research.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Layers of protein which surround the capsid in animal viruses with tubular nucleocapsids. The envelope consists of an inner layer of lipids and virus specified proteins also called membrane or matrix proteins. The outer layer consists of one or more types of morphological subunits called peplomers which project from the viral envelope; this layer always consists of glycoproteins.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)

Transient association of calnexin and calreticulin with newly synthesized G1 and G2 glycoproteins of uukuniemi virus (family Bunyaviridae). (1/176)

The membrane glycoproteins G1 and G2 of Uukuniemi virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family, are cotranslationally cleaved from a common precursor in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Here, we show that newly made G1 and G2 associate transiently with calnexin and calreticulin, two lectins involved in glycoprotein folding in the ER. Stable complexes between G1-G2 and calnexin or calreticulin could be immunoprecipitated after solubilization of virus-infected BHK21 cells with the detergents digitonin or Triton X-100. In addition, G1-G2-calnexin complexes could be recovered after solubilization with CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)-dimethylammonio]-1-propane sulfonate), while G1-G2-calreticulin complexes were not readily detected by using this detergent. Only endoglycosidase H-sensitive forms of G1 were found complexed with calnexin. Pulse-chase experiments showed that G1 and G2 associated with both chaperones transiently for up to 120 min. Sequential immunoprecipitations with anticalreticulin and anticalnexin antisera indicated that about 50% of newly synthesized G1 and G2 was associated with either calnexin or calreticulin. Our previous results have shown that newly synthesized G1 and G2 transiently interact also with the ER chaperone BiP and with protein disulfide isomerase (R. Persson and R. F. Pettersson, J. Cell Biol. 112:257-266, 1991). Taking all of this into consideration, we conclude that the folding of G1 and G2 in the ER is catalyzed by at least four different folding factors.  (+info)

Potential for evolution of California serogroup bunyaviruses by genome reassortment in Aedes albopictus. (2/176)

Aedes albopictus was introduced into the United States in used tires in 1985. Its successful colonization of the upper Midwest has potential to alter the current epidemiology of bunyaviruses that circulate in the region. It is permissive for the replication of several arboviruses, including La Crosse (LACV) and Jamestown Canyon (JCV) bunyaviruses. In this study, we demonstrate the ability of LACV and JCV to coinfect Ae. albopictus mosquitoes and to form all six possible reassortant genotypes. All reassortant viruses infect Ae. albopictus orally and can be transmitted to suckling mice. All reassortants are neurovirulent in mice. However, reassortant viruses carrying the LACV M segment in the foreign genetic background of JCV are more neuroinvasive than JCV, or any other reassortant genotype. In addition, these reassortants can replicate in gerbils and infect Ae. triseriatus, characteristics of LACV, but not JCV. Because Ae. albopictus is spreading into new geographic areas and feeds on a variety of mammals, including humans, it has the potential to transmit new, emerging bunyaviruses in nature.  (+info)

The broad-spectrum tospovirus resistance gene Sw-5 of tomato is a homolog of the root-knot nematode resistance gene Mi. (3/176)

We used a positional cloning approach to isolate the Sw-5 disease resistance locus of tomato. Complementation experiments with overlapping cosmid clones enabled us to demonstrate that Sw-5 is a single gene locus capable of recognizing several tospovirus isolates and species. Analysis of the predicted Sw-5 protein suggests that it is a cytoplasmic protein, with a potential nucleotide binding site (NBS) domain and a C-terminal end consisting of leucine-rich repeats (LRRs). Based on its structural features, Sw-5 belongs to the class of NBS-LRR resistance genes that includes the tomato Mi, 12, and Prf genes; the Arabidopsis RPM1 gene; and the plant potato virus X resistance gene Rx. The overall similarity between the Sw-5 and Mi proteins of tomato suggests that a shared or comparable signal transduction pathway leads to both virus and nematode resistance in tomato. The similarity also supports the hypothesis that Sw-5 provides resistance via a hypersensitive response. Sw-5 is a member of a loosely clustered gene family in the telomeric region of chromosome 9. Members of this family map to other regions of chromosome 9 and also to chromosome 12, where several fungal, virus, and nematode genes have been mapped, suggesting that paralogs of Sw-5 may have evolved to provide different resistance specificities.  (+info)

Detection of Akabane viral antigens in spontaneous lymphohistiocytic encephalomyelitis in cattle. (4/176)

A 5-month-old Japanese black bull calf and twenty-seven 1-27-day-old calves exhibiting neurological signs between August and October 1998 were examined. The bull calf exhibited rapid breathing, fever, hypersensitivity, and ataxia and was euthanized 4 days after the onset of symptoms. The 27 calves primarily exhibited ataxia, and 15 had arthrogryposis. Histological examination of the bull calf revealed perivascular infiltraction by mononuclear cells, diffuse to multifocal gliosis, and neuronal necrosis in the brain and spinal cord. Multiple malacic foci were found in the midbrain in 5 cases. In contrast, in the 15 calves necropsied in October, there were fewer inflammatory changes, but there was neuronal cell loss in the ventral horn and a decrease in myelinated axons in the lateral and ventral funiculi. Immunohistochemical examination using a rabbit antiserum against Akabane virus strain OBE-1 revealed a large amount of viral antigen in the degenerating neurons and glial cells of the bull calf, mainly in the spinal gray matter. Small amounts of viral antigen in swollen axons and a few glial cells were found in 5 of 27 calves. Thirteen of the 27 calves had high neutralization antibody titers against the Akabane virus, whereas there was no significant antibody titer in most of the calves necropsied during August. The present study revealed that viral antigen detection was very useful for the diagnosis of Akabane diseases in the 5-month-old bull calf that was suspected to be infected postnatally, while it had limited usefulness in the other young calves.  (+info)

Overcoming host- and pathogen-mediated resistance in tomato and tobacco maps to the M RNA of Tomato spotted wilt virus. (5/176)

A viral genetic system was used to map the determinants of the ability of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) to overcome the R gene (Sw-5) in tomato and the resistance conferred by the nucleocapsid gene of TSWV (N gene) in tobacco. A complete set of reassortant genotypes was generated from TSWV isolates A and D. TSWV-A was able to overcome the Sw-5 gene in tomato and the TSWV N gene in tobacco, whereas TSWV-D was repressed by both forms of resistance. The ability to overcome both forms of resistance was associated with the M RNA segment of TSWV-A (M(A)). Overcoming the Sw-5 gene was linked solely to the presence of M(A), and the ability of M(A) to overcome the TSWV N gene was modified by the L RNA and the S RNA of TSWV-A, which is consistent with previous reports that suggest that the nucleocapsid gene is not the primary determinant for overcoming the nucleocapsid-mediated resistance. Sequence analysis of the M RNA segment of TSWV-A, -D, and the type isolate BR-01 revealed multiple differences in the coding and noncoding regions, which prevented identification of the resistance-breaking nucleotide sequences.  (+info)

Activity of Toscana and Rift Valley fever virus transcription complexes on heterologous templates. (6/176)

A transcription system for Toscana virus (TOSV) (a member of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE:, genus PHLEBOVIRUS:) was constructed. For in vivo expression, the TOSV transcription system uses the viral N and L proteins and an S-like RNA genome containing the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene in the antisense orientation flanked by the viral genomic 5'- and 3'-terminal S sequences. It was found that the N and L proteins represent the minimal protein requirement for an active transcription complex. To investigate the possibility of reassortment between TOSV and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), the activity of their polymerase complexes was tested on their heterologous S-like RNA genomes and this showed that both virus complexes were active. Moreover, hybrid transcriptase complexes with protein components originating from the two viruses were tested on both virus templates and only the combination RVFV L + TOSV N on RVFV S-like RNA was found to be active in this assay. These results suggest that virus reassortants might be generated whenever the two viruses infect the same host.  (+info)

Ultrastructural, antigenic and physicochemical characterization of the Mojui dos Campos (Bunyavirus) isolated from bat in the Brazilian Amazon region. (7/176)

The Mojui dos Campos virus (MDCV) was isolated from the blood of an unidentified bat (Chiroptera) captured in Mojui dos Campos, Santarem, State of Para, Brazil, in 1975 and considerated to be antigenically different from other 102 arboviruses belonging to several antigenic groups isolated in the Amazon region or another region by complement fixation tests. The objective of this work was to develop a morphologic, an antigenic and physicochemical characterization of this virus. MDCV produces cytopathic effect in Vero cells, 24 h post-infection (p.i), and the degree of cellular destruction increases after a few hours. Negative staining electron microscopy of the supernatant of Vero cell cultures showed the presence of coated viral particles with a diameter of around 98 nm. Ultrathin sections of Vero cells, and brain and liver of newborn mice infected with MDCV showed an assembly of the viral particles into the Golgi vesicles. The synthesis kinetics of the proteins for MDCV were similar to that observed for other bunyaviruses, and viral proteins could be detected as early as 6 h p.i. Our results reinforce the original studies which had classified MDCV in the family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus as an ungrouped virus, and it may represent the prototype of a new serogroup.  (+info)

Serologic survey of cattle in the northeastern and north central United States, Virginia, Alaska, and Hawaii for antibodies to Cache Valley and antigenically related viruses (Bunyamwera serogroup virus). (8/176)

Bovine sera from northeastern states (Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and West Virginia), north central states (Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin), Virginia, Alaska, and Hawaii were examined for the presence of neutralizing antibodies to Cache Valley (CV), Lokern (LK), Main Drain (MD), Northway (NW), and Tensaw (TS) viruses. Microneutralization tests were performed using Vero cells. Ninety percent inhibition of the virus at a 1:10 serum dilution was considered positive for the presence of specific antibody. Sera having antibody to more than one virus were titrated from 1:10 to 1:640. The results indicated that 4-28% of the cattle per region had specific antibodies to CV virus. Neutralizing antibodies to NW, LK, and TS viruses were also detected, indicating possible exposure to these Bunyamwera serogroup viruses along with CV virus. Antibody titers measured against NW virus were very similar to those against CV virus. Antibodies to MD virus were present in low levels in bovine sera from Illinois, Maryland, and Ohio. Cattle from Alaska had only antibodies to NW virus. Antibodies to Bunyamwera serogroup viruses were not observed in sera from Hawaii.  (+info)

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The Kimberly-Clark Professional molding plant in Belmont that produces highway work zone safety products will close in June, resulting in the loss of about 180 jobs here, according to an announcement from Kimberly-Clark in Dallas. Meetings were conducted earlier this week with the 180 employees who work at the Belmont facility to notify them of the plans to close the mill, according to a statement from Bob Brand of the Kimberly-Clark Corp. communications department. Brand said eligible employees will receive a severance package, and Kimberly-Clark Professional . . .
Horse Racing Forum - Belmont Stakes - I too needed the Fencer to get up to at least 3rd but no. I thought I had it but the finish line came a bit too early. Should have taken Winters observation a little more serious on Jovias works at Belmont earlier in the year. Nice call Winter you always give us unique advice. I did look into it but kept him off. Like my earlier posts I wheeled Sir Winston and Master Fencer in all spots in exotics so I still got the exacta to cover my bets but no profit. Good analysis by many on here. Im getting closer :) North
For once were on the same page, TJ, but Id have felt the same about any change in distance.. The above announcement is yet another example of the short-sighted, self-serving thinking that plagues American Thoroughbred racing.. Does this decision actually allay the fears of horsemen reluctant to compete in a delayed first leg of the Triple Crown at a different venue with the most demanding distance?. The setting sequence switches could have been avoided with cooperation. Churchill Downs and Pimlico are gambling that the disease can be managed without another infection wave so that live attendance will eventually be allowed. Belmont has chosen to conduct their event while the window of opportunity still exists which should have been to their credit.. Regardless of where and when the race is viewed, NYRA was obligated to maintain the quality of their product for its customers as well as for the contestants and their connections. The Belmont Stakes is an industry cornerstone; built on its ...
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Horse Racing Forum - Belmont Stakes - zowcownow said... Maybe the best way to handicap the race is betting on the 4 jockeys who you think can win with a competent ride. Lets see --- Ortiz jr (wins a lot) - Ortiz (wins a lot at Belmont) - Lepareaux (really hot right now) - and Johnny V (Pletcher angle). Ok Ill box these 4 in an exacta and call it a day. No handicapping required. IF you think its a jockeys race, then you would have to play Lezcano wouldnt you? Hes the top rider at BEL
It has been shown previously, by sequence analysis of the S RNA segment of snowshoe hare (SSH) bunyavirus, that two overlapping open reading frames in the viral complementary sequence code for proteins with molecular weights of 26.8 X 10(3) and 10.5 X 10(3) respectively. In addition to the viral nucleocapsid (N) protein, which is coded by the S RNA, analyses of parental and reassortant bunyavirus-infected cell extracts have shown that the viral S RNA and M RNA species each code for non-structural proteins (NSS and NSM, respectively). In the present report, in vitro translation analyses of the S mRNA species recovered from virus-infected cells indicate that a single size class of mRNA directs the synthesis of N and NSS. Compositional analyses of selected tryptic peptides of N and NSS have provided proof that N is the product of the first open reading frame, and NSS the product of the second.
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This years topsy-turvy Triple Crown trail comes to an end in a Belmont Stakes without the Kentucky Derby and Preakness winners or the expected favorite who dropped out. It does come with questions about...
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Get the facts about Belmont NC genetic screening program. Nursing is one of the fastest-growing job areas, and for good reason. As the population ages, medical care will continue to expand rapidly.
Find info concerning Belmont University pharmacology classes. You can enter nursing with either an associates degree or BSN. As a licensed vocational nurse (LVN), you may provide patient care under the supervision of a registered nurse (RN).
Our certified and degreed teachers serve as role models and encompass positive images of children, recognizing that they are capable of many things. With this in mind, our staff constantly encourages children to reach new potentials. Teachers embody the roles of facilitators, observers, evaluators, and providers of a warm, nurturing environment.. Parents are encouraged to become involved with their childs education by taking the responsibility of assisting their child in growing to his or her fullest potential. We believe it is essential for parents, teachers, and families to work as a team with a common goal to continually develop and increase childrens knowledge and growth.. We also have locations in Hastings, Belmont and ADA/Cascade:. HASTINGS: 269-945-5855. 1150 West M-43 Highway, Hastings, MI 49058. BELMONT: 616-361-0191. 2370 Belmont Center Dr., Belmont, MI 49306. ADA/CASCADE: 616-942-5002. 5070 Cascade Road SE, SUITE #100, Grand Rapids MI 49546. ...
Favored Tiz the Law has won the 152nd Belmont Stakes in a race thats the first to open the Triple Crown rescheduled during the coronavirus pandemic.
Weekend horse racing features a three-day Belmont Stakes festival in New York that oozes class from start to finish, the Epsom Derby and Oaks, the French Derby and a Breeders Cup Win and Youre In event in Japan.
Of all the many photos I have ever seen of Alva Belmont, the 1905 depiction in Era Magazine that you have published is the only one that makes her look vaguely attractive. All of her other likenesses bring to mind an oft told Gilded Age story: apparently, Alva Vanderbilt marched up to the notoriously sharp tongued Mrs. Stuyvesant Fish (no beauty herself , at least as depicted in photographs), and said, Mamie. You cant deny it. Everyone heard you. You told your guests at dinner last night that I look like a frog. Mrs. Fish is reported to have replied, that is not true. I told everyone that you look like a toad. And right she was. Great post, as always, by the way. I have seen other photos of the interiors of the house. It was quite an eclectic mix- from the neo-Federal, to the pseudo-Gothic with all the Beaux art Louis styles also represented.. ReplyDelete ...
Trainer Todd Pletcher, who has won two of the last five Belmont Stakes, will once again be a participant in the race this year. How many runners he has, however, will depend upon decisions that will be forthcoming from his owners.
Detailed profile of Elizabeth Kocot, MD, a Internist - General Belmont CA. See insurances she accepts. Read ratings and reviews from other patients.
Sir Winston gave the Triple Crown another unexpected turn, rallying in the stretch to capture the Belmont Stakes in a 10-1 upset. The win gave trainer Mark Casse the final two jewels of the showcase for 3-year-old thoroughbreds.
While the Belmont wont have the excitement of a re-match between Nyquist and Exaggerator, it will include a field of talented colts to challenge the Preakness winner.
Lining up plans in Belmont? Whether youre a local, new in town, or just passing through, youll be sure to find something on Eventbrite that piques your interest.
No. 11 seed BYU, No. 12 seed Belmont and No. 13 seed Wright State all took home wins on the second day of the womens NCAA tournament.
Stephen Whyno The Associated Press Horse racings Triple Crown will look different this year from start to finish. The Belmont Stakes will be run...
Complete information from the post position draw on the 2018 Belmont Stakes, as Justify looks to become the 13th Triple Crown winner
Visit Belmont Park Dental Care in Lewisham. See contact details, check prices, read reviews, look at pictures and get directions.
DentalPlans detailed profile of MICHAEL BELMONT , DDS - Dentist in 55337. View plans, sample savings & pricing, patient reviews & practice information.
I am looking for Granny Flat / room only on a weekly basis with bed until I find my way around and get feel for it, outer Geelong not near the city, Belmont Highton towards the coast area etc.. then I will find my own place. So if you can help me I appreciate it...I have some Health problems and am mature age 59, relocating to be near my Son and Doctors....Non smoking house, no stairs, must have off st parking or in back yard as my car will will be packed to the brim, so obvious to the eyes. prefer to stay with 1 other female... Prefer someone my age but not essential, I am easy to get on with. ...
Tiz the Law won an unprecedented Belmont Stakes, claiming victory Saturday at the first race of a rejiggered Triple Crown schedule in front of eerily empty grandstands.
Get the facts about Belmont University nightlife. Whether you are considering an associates or a bachelors degree, your educational investment may pay off with a higher-paying job, or an in-house promotion.
Statistics: 2018 , 2017. 2017: Scored a goal against Niagara (8/27)... Recorded a shot in every game played... Appeared in three games before redshirting due to injury... Prior to Belmont: Played freshman and sophomore seasons for head coach Aaron Smith at Horizon High School... Played for the Colorado Rush for head coach Sean Bushey.... Personal: Majoring in Neuroscience with an interest in artificial intelligence... ...
A THREE-bedroom Belmont home provides a significant upside for a farming family preparing to move off the land while their school-aged kids complete their education.
Find, compare and select bikes & cycling activities for kids in Belmont (4153). Read reviews of kids activities and events. ActiveActivities - Australias leading online marketplace for kids activities.
Champion Royal Delta, who will defend her title in the June 15 Fleur de Lis at Churchill Downs, grazes outside Hall of Fame trainer Bill Motts barn at Belmont June 6. ...
Summary Purified preparations of Belmont virus were shown to be very similar morphologically and biochemically to those of Bunyamwera virus. Comparisons of the synthesis of virus-specifed proteins in Vero and BHK-21 cells confirm the close taxonomic relationship. Total protein synthesis was inhibited 95% by 23 h post-infection with Belmont virus; a similar reduction occurred earlier in Bunyamwera virus-infected cells. This inhibition was multiplicity dependent, and synthesis of the host protein component was inhibited more severely. When cells were labelled late during infection at an m.o.i. of 1, the four structural proteins were readily resolved by gel electrophoresis. A small possibly non-structural protein (p14 for Belmont, p13 for Bunyamwera) was also identified late in infection in both hosts. As in the virion, the small envelope protein (P28) of Belmont virus was not glycosylated, whereas the large envelope protein G107, and the corresponding G1 and G2 of Bunyamwera virus, were labelled
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Novel tick-borne phleboviruses in the Phenuiviridae family, which are highly pathogenic in humans and all closely related to Uukuniemi virus (UUKV), have recently emerged on different continents. How phleboviruses assemble, bud, and exit cells remains largely elusive. Here, we performed high-resolution, label-free mass spectrometry analysis of UUKV immuno-precipitated from cell lysates and identified 39 cellular partners interacting with the viral envelope glycoproteins. The importance of these host factors for UUKV infection was validated by silencing each host factor by RNA interference. This revealed Golgi-specific brefeldin A-resistance guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (GBF1), a guanine nucleotide exchange factor resident in the Golgi, as a critical host factor required for the UUKV life cycle. An inhibitor of GBF1, Golgicide A, confirmed the role of the cellular factor in UUKV infection. We could pinpoint the GBF1 requirement to UUKV replication and particle assembly. When the ...
Common Name: Mountain Ash. Order: Myrtales. Family: Myrtaceae. Genus: Eucalyptus. Species: E. regnans. Size and Growth Rate: Mountain ash grows relatively quickly, with an average annual growth rate of 3 feet (1 meter). They are the tallest of the eucalypts, capable of reaching heights of up to 490 feet (150 meters) but generally grow to about 330 feet (100 meters). Its the worlds tallest flowering plant.. Life Span: Mountain ash has an average lifespan of 400 years.. Reproduction: The primary form of reproduction occurs through dispersal of seeds. This process is often initiated during severe fires when intense heat releases seeds from their hard casings, called gumnuts. The seeds germinate on the forest floor, receiving a boost of nutrients from the ashes left behind from the fires, and flourishing in the sunlight which reaches the ground through now-bare tree branches. Mountain ash trees can also regenerate through shoots sprouting from dormant buds protected beneath the fire-insulated ...
We would like to acknowledge that the service Belmont Hospital provides is held on the Bahtabah lands of the Awabakal people and we pay our respects to Elders past and present.. Belmont Hospital is proud to be celebrating our 50th Year Of Service. We extend to our surrounding local community our thanks for the work undertaken in providing the foundations of our hospital through community fund raising and for supporting our service over the past 50 years.. Belmont Hospital would like to thank and recognise the staff and volunteers both past and current for their commitment to providing a patient centred service of excellence and for providing a service from the heart to our community.. We extend an invitation to past and current team members to join us at the Belmont Hospital Ball in celebration of our 50th Year Anniversary.. ...
Ferret Health in Belmont, ON. Belmont Veterinary Services is your local Veterinarian in Belmont serving all of your needs. Call us today at (519) 644-1210 for an appointment.
Encephalitis, California serogroup viral information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention, and prognosis.
Members of the Bunyaviridae family of RNA viruses (bunyaviruses, hantaviruses, nairoviruses, phleboviruses and uukuviruses) have been studied at the molecular and genetic level to understand the basis of their evolution and infection in vertebrate and invertebrate (arthropod) hosts. With the exception of the hantaviruses, these viruses infect and are transmitted by a variety of blood-sucking arthropods (mosquitoes, phlebotomines, gnats, ticks, etc.). The viruses are responsible for infection of various vertebrate species, occasionally causing human disease, morbidity and mortality (e.g. Rift Valley fever, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, Korean haemorrhagic fever). Genetic and molecular analyses of bunyaviruses have established the coding assignments of the three viral RNA species and documented which viral gene products determine host range and virulence. Ecological studies, with molecular techniques, have provided evidence for bunyavirus evolution in nature through genetic drift (involving ...
Periodontal examination is very important to keep the periodontal diseases away. Call Belmont Dental Group in Belmont area at (617) 209-2378.
Institutional Review Board Bass Hall 416 Smith College Northampton, MA 01063. The IRB will be providing guidance for non-face-to-face research and data security. Belmont University Institutional Review Board. Title of Project: Date proposal submitted to the IRB: Type of Proposal or Activity: ( ) New proposal ( ) Modification . EXAMPLE IRB FORMS .....36 3.0 10/18 EXEMPT RESEARCH IRB APPLICATION.....37 3.0 10/18 ... Belmont Report (1979), as follows: Respect for persons incorporates at least two ethical convictions: first, individuals should be treated as autonomous agents; and second, that persons with diminished autonomy are entitled to protection (thus, the need to obtain informed consent). Address local or federal reporting requirements, if any. Guidelines: 1ğ.ğ)ğ ğ S t a t e w h e t h e r t h e s u b j e c t w i l l b e p a i d o r o f f e r e d o t h e r b e n e f i t s ( e . Belmont Principles Apply: Although exempt research does not require IRB review, this research is not exempt ...
Ready to apply? Belmont accepts applications via the Common Application©, the Belmont University online application or paper application. Keep in mind that applications for admission to Belmont are considered on a rolling basis, so early submission of application materials is strongly encouraged. All College of Visual & Performing Arts programs and songwriting have additional application steps with dates for auditions and portfolio submission. Applicants will be notified of a decision within a few weeks of completing the application. Heres a checklist of what youll need - just let us know if you have any questions ...
Belmont Air Quality Index (AQI) is now Good. Get real-time, historical and forecast PM2.5 and weather data. Read the air pollution in Belmont, California with AirVisual.
By Dylan Vazzano, TTU Sports Information Coordinator. NASHVILLE, Tenn. - Despite jumping out to a 2-0 lead, the Tennessee Tech softball team dropped a nail-biter on Saturday, falling 4-3 to Belmont University amidst an overcast and frigid afternoon in Nashville.. The Golden Eagles (9-25, 1-7) raced out to a quick start, plating two in the top of the first inning behind a two-out, two-run double off the bat of senior Chelsea Burgess. After the first two Tech hitters were retired to begin the frame, junior Hannah Eldridge reached on an infield single which was followed by a Kendall Hooper walk to put runners on first and second. Up stepped Burgess who delivered with a double to center, scoring both Eldridge and Hooper to take the early 2-0 advantage.. Belmont (8-19, 2-5) responded in the bottom half of the first, scoring a pair of runs to deadlock the score at 2-2. After a leadoff triple by senior Ashley Hammer, junior Kirbie Ferrell walked and stole second to give the Bruins a scoring threat with ...
During his recent visit to Thomazeau, Haiti, College of Pharmacy Dean Phil Johnston visited villages with LiveBeyond workers and a Belmont delegation to aid and dispense medications to a woman in postpartum, a father with high blood pressure, a small boy with worms and a man with a hip injury. The most powerful experience of…
Insurance. Belmont University does not offer undergraduate insurance, but does offer a graduate student health insurance plan. All full time Graduate students will be required to have comprehensive healthcare coverage during their matriculation at Belmont University.. All Graduate Students taking 6 or more credit hours will be enrolled in the student insurance; you will see the annual premium amount of $2483 on your student account. If you already have insurance it is easy to have that amount removed from your student account. You will need to provide proof of coverage and the insurance amount will be removed.. Please be sure to follow these steps to confirm your enrollment on the plan or to waive the plan with proof of other coverage.. ...
Long Shot: Twisted Tom; dam has the best totally solid Belmont pedigree in the field-- 3 Belmont winners over Class Play which won the CCA Oaks at 12 f.; as for the top I hope Giants Causeways proven ability to sire 12 furlong horses comes through. Siberian Summer sired No Hesitation, winner of the 11-furlong Canadian Derby, Skywalker was good for 10-furlongs and Properantes won the 1 3/4 mi. San Juan Capistrano and 12 furlong turf stakes. If the distance abilitys there Chad Browns capable of coaxing it out ...
The healing properties of the mountain ash red and black fruit are known to many people. But in fact, the benefits of this plant are much more than it seems at first glance.
You need emergency eye care if your eye is red and your vision is blurry after being exposed to a chemical. Severe chemical exposures can cause serious eye injuries. Eye doctor in Belmont, California 650-399-7060
Country Villa Belmont Heights Healthcare Center in Long Beach, California 90804 has an Overall Rating of No rating and a Staffing Rating of No rating. See ratings on health care quality in nursing homes, why quality matters to you, and how you can help get the care you deserve. Some California nursing homes provide better care than others. The CalQualityCare.org website provides ratings of California nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities (SNF) for staffing, facility quality, and care quality and data on location, residents, deficiencies, citations, staffing, bed sores, dementia, accreditation, payment, complaints, penalties, fines, special care, finances, oversight, and regulation.
YouTube provides a little Belmont warm-up. Here is Secretariat in 1973; and the Affirmed-Alydar showdown in 1978 is a classic. This weekend we also have Nadal-Djokovic, Ranger-Kings, Heat-Spurs, and some baseball. Darn this sunshine and beautiful weather!
Up-to-date information to help you find the best accredited elementary education schools in Belmont, California. Learn about students, faculty and elementary education professional salaries.
This paper presents the findings of the Belmont Forums survey on Open Data which targeted the global environmental research and data infrastructure community. It highlights users perceptions of the term
Rick and Jane Young, Belmont, OH, have built a top reputation by putting customers first. The couple has also earned national recognition for their exemplary land stewardship practices.
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From the NYS Gaming Commission: 4-year-old Receiver sustained ligament rupture breezing at Belmont April 22, ambulanced off - euthanized. Receiver had been raced three times, all at Aqueduct this winter.
Kentucky Derby winner Nyquist will skip next month's Belmont Stakes in the wake of his upset defeat at the Preakness, US media reports said Tuesday. Nyquist,...
There are many health and medical professionals in Belmont, MA offering discounts and coupons on plastic surgery, weight loss, dental exams, and pain management.
Oasis Dental Care, now part of BUPA UK have a fantastic opportunity for an experienced Implant Surgeon to join the Belmont Road Dental Practice in Belfast. This established, eight surgery practice offers a modern working environment and is proud of its reputation for providing clinical excellence with an exceptional level of patient care.. The successful candidate will have experience of providing Implants and Restorative work. As part of the recruitment process candidates will be required to provide a Portfolio of previous Implant cases.. Initially, one day per week is required. Available days are Monday, Thursday & Friday.. Visit us at: https://www.oasisdentalcare.co.uk/practices/oasis-dental-care-belmont-road-belfast/. At Oasis Dental Care our primary focus is on patient care and quality dentistry and as such we are recruiting Dentists that will share our values.. Theres actually a lot to love about Oasis!Were a fast growing business with an exciting future. So if you would like to play a ...
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The wooded hills and steep cliffs that make for popular views and a high demand for local homes may also be preventing Belmont from producing the volume of new houses that some say is needed in the next seven years.
Belmont School, Cheltenham. A state special school for boys and girls aged from 4 to 16. Type of SEN provision: MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulty. Local authority: Gloucestershire.
No Triple Crown, and now no rubber match.Kentucky Derby winner Nyquist and Preakness victor Exaggerator will not meet for the sixth time June 11 in the 148th Belmont Stakes. After blood work taken Mon
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Belmont Park School, London. A state special school for boys and girls aged from 10 to 19. Type of SEN provision: SEMH - Social, Emotional and Mental Health. Local authority: Waltham Forest.
ST. CLAIRSVILLE - K-9 Officer Tuco and his partner and handler, Deputy Chad Kulpa of the Belmont County Sheriffs Department, are asking for help and online
A Belmont man will be arraigned Monday for allegedly selling heroin to a 26-year-old man who later overdosed and died, police said. New Hampshire residents were also included in a Massachusetts drug sweep that resulted in 30 arrests.
For the third consecutive day, Belmont Stakes presented by NYRA Bets (G1) entrant Epicharis did not go to the track June 9, two days after he received a treatment of phenylbutazone for lameness in his right front leg.
A Belmont man will be arraigned Monday for allegedly selling heroin to a 26-year-old man who later overdosed and died, police said. New Hampshire residents were also included in a Massachusetts drug sweep that resulted in 30 arrests.
19 reviews of 255 assisted living facilities in Belmont, CA. The average rating is 3.0. Read the reviews and learn about pricing and availability on Caring.com
Tapwrit (foaled March 28, 2014) is an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2017 Belmont Stakes. He first attracted attention when he set a track record winning the Tampa Bay Derby, but disappointed in the Blue Grass Stakes and Kentucky Derby. Skipping the Preakness Stakes, he then became his sire Tapits third winner of the Belmont Stakes in the previous four years. Tapwrit is a gray colt, a color he inherited from leading sire Tapit, whose other offspring include the 2014 and 2016 Belmont Stakes winners Tonalist and Creator, and 2015 Belmont Stakes runner-up Frosted. Tapwrits dam is Appealing Zophie, a Grade I stakes winner by Successful Appeal. Tapwrit was bred by My Meadowview LLC, which is owned by the chairman of Barnes & Noble, Leonard Riggio. He was foaled at Three Chimneys Farm but was moved to Denali Stud with his dam. From an early age, he stood out to his handlers at Denali Stud. He was a big, strong baby, and conformation-wise he was always really good, said farm manager ...
This chapter will take up two types of bipolar items in Japanese to identify various factors that contribute to polarity sensitivity. It has been well known since Fauconnier (1975) that scalar semantics is closely related to licensing of negative polarity items. There are indeed languages like Dutch and Hindi that have negative polarity items overtly marked with a scalar focus particle. The chapter show that there are other morphological characteristics that play important roles in polarity sensitivity. Furthermore, the chapter suggest that the relation between negative concord and negative polarity must be taken into account when concord items and polarity items are morphologically very similar.
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These are shipping, delivery time, and privacy policy of the website and security thats really very important at the time of doing online transaction. WINTER STORM Belmont University implements the following procedures for announcing operational changes during periods of inclement winter weather: The announcement is also posted to the Belmont homepage (www.belmont.edu). October 4, 2018 Verified Purchase This is probably the best moisturizer Ive used. Meyer represented pharmacy education on the Healthy People Curriculum Task Force, an interprofessional group convened by the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research (APTR) to advance the education of future health care professionals in the areas of clinical prevention and population health. Now you wont get results overnight but if your patient and complete the challenge you will get some amazing results. Administration of vitamin K to the newborn may produce jaundice, which prompts the pediatrician to treat it with bilirubin lights ...
Looking for information on Bunyavirus? Medigest has all you need to know about Bunyavirus - Symptoms and Signs, Causes, Treatments and definition
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location ...
Where one or more parts of each of these two types of tests are taken, credit will be granted as applicable. Credit will not be duplicated if tests have been taken in the same subject area. In the event of duplicate courses, only the higher grade will be accepted ...
Segmented genomes: Bunyaviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Arenaviridae, and Reoviridae (acronym BOAR). All are RNA viruses. Viruses ... "Bunyaviridae". ViralZone. SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. Retrieved 2015-10-03. "Filoviridae". ViralZone. SIB Swiss ... Negative single-stranded RNA families: Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Filoviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae and ...
15 June 2015). "Implementation of non-Latinized binomial species names in the family Bunyaviridae" (PDF). International ... International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) (2019). "Bunyaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. ...
Viralzone: Bunyaviridae ICTVdb Index of Viruses-Bunyaviridae The Big Picture Book of Viruses: Bunyaviridae Bunyaviridae Genomes ... Bunyaviridae". ICTVdB-The Universal Virus Database, version 4. 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-01. Ballinger, MJ; Bruenn, JA; Hay, J; ... Bunyaviridae are transmitted by hematophagous arthropods including mosquitoes, midges, flies, and ticks. The viral incubation ... 2011). Bunyaviridae: Molecular and Cellular Biology. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-90-5. Elrefaey, Ahmed ME; ...
Family Bunyaviridae. In: Fauquet CM, editor; Mayo MA, editor; Maniloff J, editor; Desselberger U, et al., editors. Virus ... Bunyaviridae Hantavirus - Occurrences and deaths in North and South America, 1993-2004, PAHO. ...
Elliott RM (1990). "Molecular biology of the Bunyaviridae". The Journal of General Virology. 71 (3): 501-522. doi:10.1099/0022- ... "ICTV 9th Report (2011) - Negative Sense RNA Viruses - Bunyaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). ... Bunyaviridae) RNAs suggest a prime-and-realign mechanism for the initiation of RNA synthesis". Journal of Virology. 69 (9): ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Bunyaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 31 January 2019. Hanta: ... Bunyaviridae Occurrences and deaths in North and South America. ...
His specialty is researching Bunyaviridae. He is an adjunct professor at the Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology of the ...
Alexander., Plyusnin; M., Elliott, Richard (2011-01-01). Bunyaviridae : molecular and cellular biology. Caister Academic Press ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Bunyaviridae" (html). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 31 January 2019. ... Plyusnin, Alexander; Elliott, Richard M (2011-01-01). Bunyaviridae: molecular and cellular biology. Norfolk, UK: Caister ...
Bunyaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 17 February 2019. List of other related viruses ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Bunyaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 4 March 2019. List of ... CDC's Hantavirus Technical Information Index page Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Bunyaviridae. ...
Batai virus is a member of the genus Orthobunyavirus and a member of the family Bunyaviridae. Batai virus is part of a diverse ... Plyusnin, A. (2011). Bunyaviridae: Molecular and cellular biology. Norfolk, UK: Caister Academic Press. Liu, H.; Shao, X.; Hu, ... Batai virus (BATV) is a member of the family Bunyaviridae. Associated viruses include Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, ... Elliott, R. M. "Emerging Viruses: The Bunyaviridae." Molecular Medicine 3.9 (1997): 572-577 Bird, Brian; Szemiel, Agnieszka M ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Bunyaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Archived from the original on 11 ...
Bunyaviridae family Hendra virus infection Hendra virus Hepatitis A Hepatitis A virus ...
Schmaljohn C.S. and Hooper, J.W. (2001). Bunyaviridae: The viruses and their replication. In: Fields Virology, 4' Edn, (D.M. ... "Implementation of non-Latinized binomial species names in the family Bunyaviridae" (PDF). International Committee on Taxonomy ...
The causative agent was identified as a virus in the family Bunyaviridae by electron microscopy. This was then identified ... doi:10.1128/JCM.00252-13 Obijeski, J., & Murphy, F. (1977, May 31). Bunyaviridae: Recent Biochemical Developments [Electronic ... this is a longer period of viremia than what is normally observed in cases of Bunyaviridae infections. The second human case of ... Infections by viruses of the families Bunyaviridae and Filoviridae. Scientific and Technical Review of the Office International ...
"Kupe Virus, a New Virus in the Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Nairovirus, Kenya." Emerging Infectious Diseases 15 (2009): 147-54. " ... "Structural Characteristics of Nairoviruses (Genus Nairovirus, Bunyaviridae)." Journal of General Virology 55 (1981): 165-78. ...
ICTV Bunyaviridae Study Group (15 June 2015). "Implementation of non - Latinized binomial species names in the family ... Bunyaviridae" (PDf). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. London, UK: ICTV. p. 5. Retrieved 30 September 2017. ...
"PP-212/PP134: Tospoviruses (Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Tospovirus)". Edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Retrieved 2014-06-15. Jones, D. R. 2005 ... Viralzone: Tospovirus Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Bunyaviridae. ... Bunyaviridae from Plant Viruses online Plant Viruses Online - Tomato Spotted Wilt tospovirus APSnet A Plant Disease Lesson on ... Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Tospovirus) An article by Scott Adkins, Tom Zitter and Tim Momol. " ...
Family Bunyaviridae)". Viruses. 8 (6): 164. doi:10.3390/v8060164. PMC 4926184. PMID 27294949. Kalunda, M.; Mukwaya, L. G.; ...
"Taxonomic status of the Artashat virus (ARTSV) (Bunyaviridae, Nairovirus) isolated from the ticks Ornithodoros alactagalis ... Family Bunyaviridae)". Viruses. 8 (6): 164. doi:10.3390/v8060164. PMC 4926184. PMID 27294949. Alkhovsky, SV; Lvov, DK; ...
It is in the Bunyaviridae family of viruses. Its genus is the Bandavirus and its species name is Lone Star virus. It has been ...
Rivers of Korea "ICTV 9th Report (2011) Bunyaviridae" (html). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved ...
Mertz GJ (1997) Bunyaviridae: Bunyaviruses, Phleboviruses, Nairoviruses and Hantaviruses. In: Clinical Virology, Richman DD, ... 2013) Characterization of the Salehabad virus species complex of the genus Phlebovirus (Bunyaviridae). J Gen Virol 94: 837-842 ... Sandfly fever Naples virus taxonomy Bunyaviridae Genomes-database search results from the Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center ...
... belongs to the Bunyaviridae family of viruses. The La Crosse Virus from the same genus ...
The Oropouche virus (OROV) is found in the family Bunyaviridae. The study of apoptosis brought on by Bunyaviridae was initiated ...
Watts SL, Garcia-Maruniak A, Maruniak JE (2009). "Tensaw virus genome sequence and its relation to other Bunyaviridae". Virus ... and/or microcephaly in humans suggests the possibility that Tensaw virus and other viruses of the family Bunyaviridae may have ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "ICTV 9th Report (2011) Bunyaviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses ( ... Bunyaviridae Occurrences and deaths in North and South America. ...
Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) from Field Collected Arthropods". Am J Trop Med Hyg. 89 (3): 445-452. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0209. PMC ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "ICTV 9th Report (2011) Bunyaviridae" (html). International Committee on Taxonomy of ...
The Bunyaviridae are a very large family of single-strand, enveloped RNA viruses (more than 300 viruses) and consists of five ... Several viruses of the Bunyaviridae virus family can produce mild to severe disease in human, in animals, and sometimes in both ...
Bunyaviridae. Bunyaviridae is the largest family of vertebrate viruses. Most bunyaviruses are transmitted by biting arthropods ... Bunyaviridae. Bunyavirus. Akabane disease. Cache Valley fever. Nairovirus. Nairobi sheep disease. Phlebovirus. Rift valley ... Bunyaviridae (80 to 120 nm). Helical nucleocapsid surrounded by an envelope with glycoprotein spikes. Whitehouse C.A., Kuhn J.H ... Bunyaviridae is a large family of mainly arthropod-borne viruses (arborviruses) with several significant veterinary pathogens. ...
Bunyaviridae is the largest family of viruses, with over 200 species. Genome Structure. The bunyavirus genome is monomeric and ... Fact Sheet: "Tospoviruses (Family Bunyaviridae Genus Tospovirus)". October 2005. University of Florida IFAS Extension. ... One genus of the bunyaviridae family, the tospoviruses, infect plants. Tospoviruses are transmitted to plants my minute insects ... Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center & Viral Bioinformatics - Canada: Bunyaviridae Weber, Friedemann and Richard M. Elliott. " ...
Bunyaviridae explanation free. What is Bunyaviridae? Meaning of Bunyaviridae medical term. What does Bunyaviridae mean? ... Looking for online definition of Bunyaviridae in the Medical Dictionary? ... Bunyaviridae. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Bunyaviridae: Arenaviridae, ... Bunyaviridae , definition of Bunyaviridae by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bunyaviridae ...
... athena.bioc.uvic.ca/bioDoc/bunyaviridae/ Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center & Viral Bioinformatics - Canada: Bunyaviridae] ... From the CDC.]] ==Baltimore Classification== ===Higher order taxa=== Virus; ssRNA negative-strand viruses; Bunyaviridae === ... Fact Sheet: "Tospoviruses (Family Bunyaviridae Genus Tospovirus)". October 2005. University of Florida IFAS Extension ... Bunyaviridae is the largest family of viruses, with over 200 species. ==Genome Structure== The bunyavirus genome is monomeric ...
The family Bunyaviridae is the largest family of animal viruses and includes many viruses that are known human pathogens. The ... Gonzalez-Scarano, F.,, and N. Nathanson. 1996. Bunyaviridae, p. 1473-1504. In B. N. Fields,, D. M. Knipe,, P. M. Howley,, R. M ... Linthicum, K.,, F. G. Davies,, A. Kairo, and, C. L. Bailey. 1985. Rift Valley fever virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus ... Schmaljohn, C. S. 1996. Bunyaviridae: the viruses and their replication, p. 1447. In B. N. Fields,, D. M. Knipe,, P. M. Howley, ...
We suggest that this is a new virus in the family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus, and we propose that it be designated Kupe ... family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus. Six isolates of the virus were obtained from pools of Amblyomma gemma and Rhipicephalus ... Kupe Virus, a New Virus in the Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Nairovirus, Kenya Mary Crabtree. , Rosemary Sang, and Barry R. Miller ... Kupe Virus, a New Virus in the Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Nairovirus, Kenya. ...
We suggest that this is a new virus in the family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus, and we propose that it be designated Kupe ... family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus. Six isolates of the virus were obtained from pools of Amblyomma gemma and Rhipicephalus ... We suggest that this is a new virus in the family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus, and we propose that it be designated Kupe ... Kupe Virus, a New Virus in the Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Nairovirus, Kenya On This Page ...
Isolation, Genetic Diversity, and Geographic Distribution of Bayou Virus (Bunyaviridae:Hantavirus) * Thomas G. Ksiazek, Stuart ...
... - Taxobox name = Bunyaviridae virus group = v familia = Bunyaviridae subdivision ranks = Genus subdivision = ... Bunyaviridae - Familia de virus ARN de vertebrados. Grupo Anopheles A Grupo Anopheles B Grupo Bakau Grupo de la Fiebre ... Bunyaviridae - noun a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods) • ... Bunyaviridae - A family of arboviruses composed of more than 200 virus serotypes and containing at least five genera : ...
Bunyaviridae), developed a fulminating fatal illness characterized by hepatic and splenic necrosis and interstitial pneumonitis ... Family Bunyaviridae. van Regenmortel MHV, Fauquet CM, Bishop DHL, Carstens EB, Estes MK, Lemon SM, Maniloff J, Mayo MA, McGeoch ... BUNYAVIRIDAE), SIMILAR TO THAT CAUSED BY RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS * ANN F. FISHER1, ROBERT B. TESH1, JESSICA TONRY1, HILDA ... Bunyaviridae), developed a fulminating fatal illness characterized by hepatic and splenic necrosis and interstitial pneumonitis ...
Family Bunyaviridae, p 725-741. In King AMQ, Adams MJ, Carstens EB, Lefkowitz EJ (ed), Virus taxonomy: ninth report of the ... The family Bunyaviridae currently includes more than 350 RNA viruses assigned to five genera: Orthobunyavirus, Nairovirus, ... Biogeography of tick-borne bhanja virus (bunyaviridae) in Europe. Interdiscipl. Perspect. Infect. Dis. 2009:372691. doi:doi: ... Gouléako virus isolated from West African mosquitoes constitutes a proposed novel genus in the family Bunyaviridae. J. Virol. ...
Le virus Omo: un nouveau virus de groupe Qalyub (Bunyaviridae, Nairovirus) isole de rongeurs en Ethiopie meridionale. Annales ... Polypeptide synthesis of Dugbe virus, a member of the Nairovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae. Journal of General Virology 66: 141 ... Experimental infection of six species of ixodid ticks with Dugbe virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus). American ... Structure and morphogenesis of Dugbe virus (Bunyaviridae, Nairovirus) studied by immunogold electron microscopy of ultrathin ...
Up-to-date reviews of current research in the field of Bunyaviridae molecular and cellular biology. All five genera are covered ... Bunyaviridae: Molecular and Cellular Biology. Publisher: Caister Academic Press. Edited by: Alexander Plyusnin1 and Richard M. ... Within the family of Bunyaviridae tospoviruses represent the genus of plant-pathogenic viruses. Viruses of this genus are only ... A decade ago nairoviruses were the least understood members of the Bunyaviridae family. Today this situation is totally ...
... K-REx Repository. Search K-REx. This Collection. ... Viruses of the family Bunyaviridae: are all available isolates reassortants?. Briese, Thomas; Calisher, Charles H.; Higgs, ... Keywords: Bunyaviridae; Bunyaviruses; Genome segment reassortment; Tripartite genome; Phylogenetics. Journal: Virology. , ... Viruses of the family Bunyaviridae (the bunyaviruses) possess three distinct linear, single-stranded, negative sense or ...
Find out information about Bunyaviridae infections. A family of enveloped spherical viruses whose lipid envelopes contain at ... least one virus-specific glycopeptide; members develop in the cytoplasm and mature... Explanation of Bunyaviridae infections ... Bunyaviridae. (redirected from Bunyaviridae infections). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical. Bunyaviridae. [¦bən·yə′ ... Bunyaviridae infections , Article about Bunyaviridae infections by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary. ...
Bunyaviridae: the viruses and their replication, p. 1581-1602. In D. Knipe and P. Howley (ed.), Fields virology, 4th ed., vol ... The Bunyaviridae family consists of five genera (Orthobunyavirus, Hantavirus, Nairovirus, Phlebovirus, and Tospovirus). The ... Ex Vivo Stability of the Rodent-Borne Hantaan Virus in Comparison to That of Arthropod-Borne Members of the Bunyaviridae Family ... Ex Vivo Stability of the Rodent-Borne Hantaan Virus in Comparison to That of Arthropod-Borne Members of the Bunyaviridae Family ...
Targeting of a Short Peptide Derived from the Cytoplasmic Tail of the G1 Membrane Glycoprotein of Uukuniemi Virus (Bunyaviridae ... Targeting of a Short Peptide Derived from the Cytoplasmic Tail of the G1 Membrane Glycoprotein of Uukuniemi Virus (Bunyaviridae ... Targeting of a Short Peptide Derived from the Cytoplasmic Tail of the G1 Membrane Glycoprotein of Uukuniemi Virus (Bunyaviridae ... Targeting of a Short Peptide Derived from the Cytoplasmic Tail of the G1 Membrane Glycoprotein of Uukuniemi Virus (Bunyaviridae ...
Bunyaviridae RNA polymerases (L-protein) have an N-terminal, influenza-like endonuclease domain, essential for viral cap- ...
We suggest that this is a new virus in the family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus, and we propose that it be designated Kupe ... Kupe Virus, a New Virus in the Family Bunyaviridae, Genus Nairovirus, Kenya ... family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus. Six isolates of the virus were obtained from pools of Amblyomma gemma and Rhipicephalus ...
Bunyaviridae: Nairovirus) in the putative tick vector, Ornithodoros (Pavlovskyella) erraticus ... Omo virus a new nairovirus bunyaviridae of the qalyub group isolated from a rodent in southern ethiopia. Annales de l' ... Le virus Omo: un nouveau virus de groupe Qalyub (Bunyaviridae, Nairovirus) isole de rongeurs en Ethiopie meridionale. Annales ... Experimental studies on the replication and dissemination of qalyub virus bunyaviridae nairovirus in the putative tick vector ...
Heartland virus (HRTV), the first pathogenic Phlebovirus (Family: Bunyaviridae) discovered in the United States, was recently ...
Elliott RM, The Bunyaviridae: Concluding remarks and future prospects. In The Bunyaviridae. Edited by: Elliott RM. New York: ... Yadav, P.D., Mishra, A.C. & Mourya, D.T. Molecular characterization of Umbre virus (Bunyaviridae). Virol J 5, 115 (2008). https ... The viruses of Bunyaviridae family are spherical particles, range 80 to 120 nm in diameter and share a common genetic ...
Bunyaviridae. This group includes Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus, and several ... Four viral families are known to cause VHFs in humans: Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Filoviridae, and Flaviviridae. General ...
... in the Bunyaviridae. Molecular studies of the virion RNA and viral polypeptides have been undertaken with representative ... Structural Characteristics of Nairoviruses (Genus Nairovirus, Bunyaviridae) * John P. M. Clerx, Jordi Casals and David H. L. ... in the Bunyaviridae. Molecular studies of the virion RNA and viral polypeptides have been undertaken with representative ...
Bunyaviridae at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! ... ","payreferer_url":"\/flashcards\/copy\/m2-c3-l93-flaviviridae-togaviridae-bunyaviridae-495919","isGuest":true,"ga_id":"UA- ... ":"M2-C3-L93 --\u003E Flaviviridae, Togaviridae, Bunyaviridae ... Subjects: bunyaviridae flaviviridae togaviridae * Click to Rate ... M2-C3-L93 --, Flaviviridae, Togaviridae, Bunyaviridae. by oldyes, Sep. 2007 ...
Bunyaviridae and Bornaviridae. In: Concise Review of Veterinary Virology Author(s):. Carter G.R. and ...
There Has Been No Literature Up To Now Treating The Bunyaviridae In General As A Family. The Book Demonstrates How They Are ...
World Arboviruses: The Bunyaviridae. Overturf, Gary D. Overturf, Gary D. Less The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 28(11): ...
3.4.1 California Encephalitis (CE) Group (Family Bunyaviridae). Vectors: Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Culiseta and Psorophora spp. ...
  • Bunyaviridae - Taxobox name = Bunyaviridae virus group = v familia = Bunyaviridae subdivision ranks = Genus subdivision = Hantavirus Nairovirus Orthobunyavirus Phlebovirus Tospovirus Bunyaviridae is a family of negative stranded RNA viruses. (academic.ru)
  • Bunyaviridae - A family of arboviruses composed of more than 200 virus serotypes and containing at least five genera : Bunyavirus, Hantavirus, Phlebovirus, Nairovirus, and Tospovirus. (academic.ru)
  • Adult golden hamsters inoculated subcutaneously with either of two sandfly fever group viruses, Punta Toro and Gabek Forest ( Phlebovirus, Bunyaviridae ), developed a fulminating fatal illness characterized by hepatic and splenic necrosis and interstitial pneumonitis. (ajtmh.org)
  • In this study we have compared the stabilities of three viruses within the Bunyaviridae family: the rodent-borne Hantavirus Hantaan virus (HTNV), the sand fly-borne Phlebovirus sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV), and the tick-borne Nairovirus Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). (asm.org)
  • The Bunyaviridae family consists of five genera ( Orthobunyavirus , Hantavirus , Nairovirus , Phlebovirus , and Tospovirus ). (asm.org)
  • Heartland virus (HRTV), the first pathogenic Phlebovirus (Family: Bunyaviridae) discovered in the United States, was recently described from two Missouri farmers. (cdc.gov)
  • Cross-immune precipitation analyses have confirmed that viruses in the Nairovirus genus share antigenic determinants and are antigenically distinct from representative members of the Bunyavirus, Phlebovirus and Uukuvirus genera (Bunyaviridae). (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Members of the Phlebovirus genus of the family Bunyaviridae are transmitted by mosquitos and ticks to humans and include highly pathogenic agents like Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) as well as viruses that do not cause disease in humans, like Uukuniemi virus (UUKV). (mdpi.com)
  • El género Phlebovirus ( Bunyaviridae ) es parte importante de este grupo de virus constituido en la actualidad por 68 serotipos. (bvsalud.org)
  • The disease is caused by the RVF virus , a member of the genus Phlebovirus (family Bunyaviridae ). (bionity.com)
  • One genus of the bunyaviridae family, the tospoviruses, infect plants. (kenyon.edu)
  • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe, often potentially fatal disease in humans, caused by infection with CCHF virus (CCHFV) belonging to the genus Nairovirus of the Bunyaviridae family. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We have previously described isolation and preliminary identification of a virus related to Dugbe virus (DUGV), family Bunyaviridae , genus Nairovirus . (cdc.gov)
  • We suggest that this is a new virus in the family Bunyaviridae , genus Nairovirus , and we propose that it be designated Kupe virus. (cdc.gov)
  • The genus Nairovirus in the family Bunyaviridae comprises 7 species groups containing primarily tick-borne viruses, some of which have been identified as human or animal pathogens. (cdc.gov)
  • The Orthobunyavirus genus comprises over 170 named viruses, including the prototype of the Bunyaviridae family, Bunyamwera virus, as well medically significant viruses such as La Crosse and Oropouche viruses, and pathogens of veterinary importance like Akabane and Cache Valley viruses. (caister.com)
  • Viruses from six antigenic groups of arthropod-borne viruses [Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), Nairobi sheep disease (NSD), Qalyub (QYB), Sakhalin (SAK), Dera Ghazi Khan (DGK) and Hughes (HUG) serogroups], some previously categorized as bunyavirus-like viruses and others previously ungrouped, have recently been assembled by serological analyses into a new genus of viruses ( Nairovirus genus) in the Bunyaviridae. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (TSWV) is the type member of the Tospovirus genus in the family Bunyaviridae. (springer.com)
  • Tospovirus genus within the Bunyaviridae ). (wur.nl)
  • Genus Tospovirus, Family Bunyaviridae . (apsnet.org)
  • SBV belongs to the genus Orthobunyavirus within the Bunyaviridae. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Os arbovirus da familia Bunyaviridae de importancia veterinaria que causam enfermidades importantes em animais sao: NSDV que e um Nairovirus que ocorre em ovinos e caprinos e e transmitido por carrapatos, causa doenca grave e fatal e esta presente nas regioes central e leste da Africa e Oriente Medio (29). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Dissemination, replication, and trans-stadial persistence of Dugbe virus (Nairovirus, Bunyaviridae) in the tick vector Amblyomma variegatum. (ox.ac.uk)
  • It thus includes in addition to the viruses in Bunyaviridae, viruses in the families Arenaviridae, Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, Reoviridae and Rhabdoviridae. (ivis.org)
  • Bunyaviridae , Flaviviridae, and Reoviridae, we actually in Latin America do not know about this vector borne disease, it is necessary to carry out several surveys to establish the prevalence of those viruses in the vectors and humans as well. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • sources: [http://www.dpvweb.net/notes/showfamily.php?family=Bunyaviridae Descriptions of Plant Viruses], [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/11000000.htm ICTVdB]) ==Virion Structure of a Bunyavirus== Bunyavirus virions have a complex construction. (kenyon.edu)
  • Bunyavirus , any virus belonging to the family Bunyaviridae. (britannica.com)
  • Os três novos arbovirus pertencem ao grupo Anopheles A(ANA), genêro Bunyavirus ( família Bunyaviridae ). (bvsalud.org)
  • Abstract: Impatiens necrotic spot tospovirus (INSV) of the family Bunyaviridae is an important viral pathogen of ornamentals and a major constraint in the greenhouse industry (2). (crsps.net)
  • source: [http://athena.bioc.uvic.ca/bioDoc/bunyaviridae/ Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center]) ==Viral Ecology & Pathology== The natural hosts for bunyaviruses are a wide variety of arthropods and mammals. (kenyon.edu)
  • Viruses of the family Bunyaviridae (the bunyaviruses) possess three distinct linear, single-stranded, negative sense or ambisense RNA segments (large, medium, and small). (k-state.edu)
  • The viruses of Bunyaviridae family are spherical particles, range 80 to 120 nm in diameter and share a common genetic organization of three predominantly negative stranded RNA segments (S, M and L). Based on antigenic, genetic and ecological relatedness, the Bunyaviruses are divided into five genera. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Viruses of the family Bunyaviridae: are all available isolates reassortants? (k-state.edu)
  • Viruses of the family Bunyaviridae and their associated-diseases]. (nih.gov)
  • In this chapter, features of the hantavirus life cycle and the virus host cell interaction are highlighted in an attempt to understand what makes hantaviruses among the most important human pathogens of the family Bunyaviridae . (caister.com)
  • En la actualidad la emergencia y re-emergencia de nuevos arbovirus es de gran importancia en salud pública . (bvsalud.org)
  • Haemagglutination-inhibiting antibodies against arboviruses of the families Togaviridae and Bunyaviridae in birds caught in southern Moravia, Czechoslovakia. (nih.gov)
  • There are presently five genera assigned to the Bunyaviridae and these genera contain serogroups. (ivis.org)
  • Model for replication of Bunyaviridae. (asmscience.org)
  • Schmaljohn C.S. & Hooper, J.W. 2001: Bunyaviridae: The viruses and their replication. (wikimedia.org)
  • Bunyaviridae - Familia de virus ARN de vertebrados. (academic.ru)
  • The Bunyaviridae is a large family comprising hundreds of viruses able to infect a broad range of vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Hantaviruses , well-characterized members of Bunyaviridae, can cause acute respiratory illness in humans. (britannica.com)
  • Moreover, based on the genomic diversity of the phleboviruses and given the low correlation observed between complement fixation titers and genetic distance, we propose a system for classification of the Bunyaviridae based on genetic as well as serological data. (asm.org)
  • Fuelled by the application of omics and reverse genetics technologies, impressive progress has been achieved in the field of molecular and cellular biology of Bunyaviridae in recent years. (caister.com)
  • Bunyaviridae is a large family of mainly arthropod-borne viruses (arborviruses) with several significant veterinary pathogens. (ivis.org)
  • The family Bunyaviridae is the largest family of animal viruses and includes many viruses that are known human pathogens. (asmscience.org)
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/] [http://athena.bioc.uvic.ca/bioDoc/bunyaviridae/ Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center & Viral Bioinformatics - Canada: Bunyaviridae] Weber, Friedemann and Richard M. Elliott. (kenyon.edu)
  • http://www.dpvweb.net/notes/showfamily.php?family=Bunyaviridae Descriptions of Plant Viruses: Notes on Family: Bunyaviridae] [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ICTVdB/11000000.htm ICTVdB - The Universal Virus Database, version 3. (kenyon.edu)
  • Members of the Bunyaviridae family are widely spread around the world and can cause severe and often even fatal zoonotic diseases. (asm.org)
  • Bunyaviridae is the largest family of viruses, with over 200 species. (kenyon.edu)
  • Isolation and Relationships of Members and Possible Members of the Bunyaviridae Family. (ebooks.com)
  • The virus life cycle with few exceptions is very similar to that of other members of the Bunyaviridae family. (caister.com)