A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. A large number of serotypes or strains exist in many parts of the world. They are transmitted by mosquitoes and infect humans in some areas.
A family of viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of a single strand of RNA. Virions are enveloped particles 90-120 nm diameter. The complete family contains over 300 members arranged in five genera: ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS; HANTAVIRUS; NAIROVIRUS; PHLEBOVIRUS; and TOSPOVIRUS.
Virus diseases caused by the BUNYAVIRIDAE.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE containing over 150 viruses, most of which are transmitted by mosquitoes or flies. They are arranged in groups defined by serological criteria, each now named for the original reference species (previously called serogroups). Many species have multiple serotypes or strains.
Viral proteins found in either the NUCLEOCAPSID or the viral core (VIRAL CORE PROTEINS).
A group of viral diseases of diverse etiology but having many similar clinical characteristics; increased capillary permeability, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia are common to all. Hemorrhagic fevers are characterized by sudden onset, fever, headache, generalized myalgia, backache, conjunctivitis, and severe prostration, followed by various hemorrhagic symptoms. Hemorrhagic fever with kidney involvement is HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
A species of CERCOPITHECUS containing three subspecies: C. tantalus, C. pygerythrus, and C. sabeus. They are found in the forests and savannah of Africa. The African green monkey (C. pygerythrus) is the natural host of SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS and is used in AIDS research.
Arthropod-borne viruses. A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. Included are some members of the following families: ARENAVIRIDAE; BUNYAVIRIDAE; REOVIRIDAE; TOGAVIRIDAE; and FLAVIVIRIDAE. (From Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2nd ed)
Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.

Seroepidemiology of California and Bunyamwera serogroup (Bunyaviridae) virus infections in native populations of Alaska. (1/101)

This study investigated the geographic distribution and prevalence of antibodies to California and Bunyamwera serogroup viruses in Native populations of Alaska, and demographic and ecologic risk factors associated with exposure. Sera (n = 1,635) from 18 communities were screened using an ELISA. All age groups were tested for antibodies to Jamestown Canyon (JC), Inkoo (INK), snowshoe hare (SSH), and Northway (NOR) viruses; persons > or = 45 years old (n = 90) from six communities were additionally tested for antibodies to Tahyna (TAH), Batai (BAT), Cache Valley (CV), and Sindbis (SIN) viruses. Thirty free-ranging mammals were tested by a plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) for antibodies to all eight viruses and to Getah (GET) virus. In Natives, overall antibody prevalence was 24.9% (JC = 17.6%, monotypic JC = 6.5%, INK = 11.1%, monotypic INK = 0.6%, SSH = 6.8%, monotypic SSH = 3.5%, and NOR = 6.2%). Five TAH, CV, and BAT virus exposures may be serologic cross-reactions, and no SIN virus antibodies were detected. Sindbis-like virus antibodies were found in 30% of the mammals. Most mammals had antibodies to NOR (83.3%) and California serogroup (70.0%) viruses; no GET virus exposures were found. Significant risk factors for human bunyavirus exposures were age group, ethnic-linguistic group, biotic province, climate zone, terrestrial vegetation, and presence of some ungulates and small mammals in communities. Sex was not a significant risk factor.  (+info)

RNA binding properties of bunyamwera virus nucleocapsid protein and selective binding to an element in the 5' terminus of the negative-sense S segment. (2/101)

The genome of Bunyamwera virus (BUN) (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) comprises three negative-sense RNA segments which act as transcriptional templates for the viral polymerase only when encapsidated by the nucleocapsid protein (N). Previous studies have suggested that the encapsidation signal may reside within the 5' terminus of each segment. The BUN N protein was expressed as a 6-histidine-tagged fusion protein in Escherichia coli and purified by metal chelate chromatography. An RNA probe containing the 5'-terminal 32 and 3'-terminal 33 bases of the BUN S (small) genome segment was used to investigate binding by the N protein in vitro using gel mobility shift and filter binding assays. On acrylamide gels a number of discrete RNA-N complexes were resolved, and analysis of filter binding data indicated a degree of cooperativity in N protein binding. RNA-N complexes were resistant to digestion with up to 1 microg of RNase A per ml. Competition assays with a variety of viral and nonviral RNAs identified a region within the 5' terminus of the BUN S segment for which N had a high preference for binding. This site may constitute the signal for initiation of encapsidation by N.  (+info)

Bunyamwera bunyavirus nonstructural protein NSs is a nonessential gene product that contributes to viral pathogenesis. (3/101)

Bunyamwera virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) contains a tripartite negative-sense RNA genome. The smallest RNA segment, S, encodes the nucleocapsid protein N and a nonstructural protein, NSs, in overlapping reading frames. We have generated a mutant virus lacking NSs, called BUNdelNSs, by reverse genetics. Compared with the wild-type (wt) virus, BUNdelNSs exhibited a smaller plaque size and generated titers of virus approximately 1 log lower. In mammalian cells, the mutant expressed greatly increased levels of N protein; significantly, the marked inhibition of host cell protein synthesis shown by wt virus was considerably impaired by BUNdelNSs. When inoculated by the intracerebral route BUNdelNSs killed BALB/c mice with a slower time course than wt and exhibited a reduced cell-to-cell spread, and titers of virus in the brain were lower. In addition, the abrogation of NSs expression changed Bunyamwera virus from a noninducer to an inducer of an interferon-beta promoter. These results suggest that, although not essential for growth in tissue culture or in mice, the bunyavirus NSs protein has several functions in the virus life cycle and contributes to viral pathogenesis.  (+info)

The Bunyamwera virus nonstructural protein NSs inhibits viral RNA synthesis in a minireplicon system. (4/101)

The small (S) genomic segment of Bunyamwera virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) encodes the nucleocapsid protein, N, and a nonstructural protein, NSs, in overlapping reading frames. In order to elucidate the function of NSs, we established a plasmid-based minireplicon system using mammalian cells that express large amounts of T7 RNA polymerase. Expression of N, the viral polymerase protein (L), and a minireplicon containing a reporter gene was sufficient to reconstitute functional virus nucleocapsids. Coexpression of NSs, however, led to a dose-dependent decrease in reporter activity without affecting expression of controls. The inhibition could not be reversed by overexpression of N, L or the minireplicon, indicating that the NSs effect was not caused by a reduction in virus gene expression. The NSs proteins of two other members of the Bunyavirus genus, Guaroa virus and Lumbo virus, were also inhibitory in our system. The intracellular localisation of Bunyamwera virus NSs was investigated and found to be predominantly cytoplasmic, but intranuclear inclusion was also detected. Taken together, these data suggest that, in mammalian cells, the bunyavirus NSs protein controls the activity of the viral polymerase by a highly conserved mechanism.  (+info)

Protein synthesis in Bunyamwera virus-infected cells. (5/101)

In Vero cells infected with Bunyamwera virus there is a rapid inhibition of cell RNA and protein synthesis to levels of 30 and 3% respectively of the control rate, both the rate of inhibition and the time lag before its initiation being multiplicity dependent. Using u.v.-irradiated virus, investigation of the mechanism of inhibition of host cell protein synthesis indicates that synthesis of new virus components is required for inhibition to occur. Quantitative comparison of the proteins synthesized in infected cells shows that at higher m.o.i. synthesis of virus, as well as cellular proteins, is inhibited. Bunyamwera virus-infected Vero cells synthesized three virus-specific proteins identified as the structural virion proteins. Nucleoprotein is synthesized predominantly early in infection while the major envelope glycoprotein and the minor glycoprotein are synthesized predominantly late in the infection cycle.  (+info)

A reassortant bunyavirus isolated from acute hemorrhagic fever cases in Kenya and Somalia. (6/101)

In late 1997 and early 1998, a large outbreak of hemorrhagic fever occurred in East Africa. Clinical samples were collected in Kenya and southern Somalia, and 27 of 115 (23%) hemorrhagic fever patients tested showed evidence of acute infection with Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus as determined by IgM detection, virus isolation, detection of virus RNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), or immunohistochemistry. However, two patients (one from Kenya and the other from Somalia) whose illness met the hemorrhagic fever case definition yielded virus isolates that were not RVF. Electron microscopy suggested these two virus isolates were members of the family Bunyaviridae. RT-PCR primers were designed to detect bunyavirus RNA in these samples. Regions of the S and L segments of the two isolates were successfully amplified, and their nucleotide sequences exhibited nearly complete identity with Bunyamwera virus, a mosquito-borne virus not previously associated with severe human disease. Unexpectedly, the virus M segment appeared to be reassorted, as the sequences detected exhibited 32-33% nucleotide and 28% amino acid differences relative to the corresponding M segment sequence of Bunyamwera virus. The association of this reassortant bunyavirus, proposed name Garissa virus, with severe disease is supported by the detection of the virus RNA in acute-phase sera taken from 12 additional hemorrhagic fever cases in the region.  (+info)

Bunyamwera bunyavirus nonstructural protein NSs counteracts the induction of alpha/beta interferon. (7/101)

Production of alpha/beta interferons (IFN-alpha/beta) in response to viral infection is one of the main defense mechanisms of the innate immune system. Many viruses therefore encode factors that subvert the IFN system to enhance their virulence. Bunyamwera virus (BUN) is the prototype of the Bunyaviridae family. By using reverse genetics, we previously produced a recombinant virus lacking the nonstructural protein NSs (BUNdelNSs) and showed that NSs is a nonessential gene product that contributes to viral pathogenesis. Here we demonstrate that BUNdelNSs is a strong inducer of IFN-alpha/beta, whereas in cells infected with the wild-type counterpart expressing NSs (wild-type BUN), neither IFN nor IFN mRNA could be detected. IFN induction by BUNdelNSs correlated with activation of NF-kappaB and was dependent on virally produced double-stranded RNA and on the IFN transcription factor IRF-3. Furthermore, both in cultured cells and in mice lacking a functional IFN-alpha/beta system, BUNdelNSs replicated to wild-type BUN levels, whereas in IFN-competent systems, wild-type BUN grew more efficiently. These results suggest that BUN NSs is an IFN induction antagonist that blocks the transcriptional activation of IFN-alpha/beta in order to increase the virulence of Bunyamwera virus.  (+info)

Polymorphism and structural maturation of bunyamwera virus in Golgi and post-Golgi compartments. (8/101)

The Golgi apparatus is the assembly site for a number of complex enveloped viruses. Using high-preservation methods for electron microscopy, we have detected two previously unknown maturation steps in the morphogenesis of Bunyamwera virus in BHK-21 cells. The first maturation takes place inside the Golgi stack, where annular immature particles transform into dense, compact structures. Megalomicin, a drug that disrupts the trans side of the Golgi complex, reversibly blocks transformation, showing that a functional trans-Golgi is needed for maturation. The second structural change seems to take place during the egress of viral particles from cells, when a coat of round-shaped spikes becomes evident. A fourth viral assembly was detected in infected cells: rigid tubular structures assemble in the Golgi region early in infection and frequently connect with mitochondria. In Vero cells, the virus induces an early and spectacular fragmentation of intracellular membranes while productive infection progresses. Assembly occurs in fragmented Golgi stacks and generates tubular structures, as well as the three spherical viral forms. These results, together with our previous studies with nonrelated viruses, show that the Golgi complex contains key factors for the structural transformation of a number of enveloped viruses that assemble intracellularly.  (+info)

Bunyamwera virus is an enveloped, single-stranded RNA virus that belongs to the family Peribunyaviridae and genus Orthobunyavirus. It was first isolated in 1943 from mosquitoes in the Bunyamwera district of Uganda. The viral genome consists of three segments: large (L), medium (M), and small (S).

The virus is primarily transmitted to vertebrates, including humans, through the bite of infected mosquitoes. It can cause a mild febrile illness in humans, characterized by fever, headache, muscle pain, and rash. However, Bunyamwera virus infection is usually asymptomatic or causes only mild symptoms in humans.

Bunyamwera virus has a wide host range, including mammals, birds, and mosquitoes, and is found in many parts of the world, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. It is an important pathogen in veterinary medicine, causing disease in livestock such as cattle, sheep, and goats.

Research on Bunyamwera virus has contributed significantly to our understanding of the biology and ecology of bunyaviruses, which are a major cause of human and animal diseases worldwide.

Bunyaviridae is a family of enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses that includes more than 350 different species. These viruses are named after the type species, Bunyamwera virus, which was first isolated in 1943 from mosquitoes in Uganda.

The genome of Bunyaviridae viruses is divided into three segments: large (L), medium (M), and small (S). The L segment encodes the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, which is responsible for replication and transcription of the viral genome. The M segment encodes two glycoproteins that form the viral envelope and are involved in attachment and fusion to host cells. The S segment encodes the nucleocapsid protein, which packages the viral RNA, and a non-structural protein that is involved in modulation of the host immune response.

Bunyaviridae viruses are transmitted to humans and animals through arthropod vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks, and sandflies. Some members of this family can cause severe disease in humans, including Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and Rift Valley fever.

Prevention and control measures for Bunyaviridae viruses include avoiding contact with vectors, using insect repellent and wearing protective clothing, and implementing vector control programs. There are no specific antiviral treatments available for most Bunyaviridae infections, although ribavirin has been shown to be effective against some members of the family. Vaccines are available for a few Bunyaviridae viruses, such as Hantavirus and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, but they are not widely used due to limitations in production and distribution.

Bunyaviridae is a family of viruses that includes several genera capable of causing human disease. These viruses are primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, or through contact with infected rodents or their excreta.

Some of the diseases caused by Bunyaviridae infections include:

1. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS): This is a severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease caused by hantaviruses. It is transmitted to humans through contact with infected rodents or their urine and droppings.
2. Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF): This is a serious and often fatal viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the CCHF virus. It is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks, but can also be spread through contact with the blood or tissue of infected animals.
3. Rift Valley Fever (RVF): This is a viral disease that primarily affects animals, but can also infect humans. It is transmitted to humans through contact with the blood or tissue of infected animals, or through the bite of infected mosquitoes.
4. La Crosse Encephalitis: This is a viral disease transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. It primarily affects children and can cause inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).
5. Toscana Virus Infection: This is a viral disease transmitted to humans through the bite of infected sandflies. It can cause symptoms such as fever, headache, and meningitis.

Prevention measures include avoiding contact with rodents and their excreta, using insect repellent and wearing protective clothing to prevent mosquito and tick bites, and seeking prompt medical attention if symptoms of a Bunyaviridae infection develop.

Orthobunyavirus is a genus of viruses in the family Peribunyaviridae, order Bunyavirales. These are enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses. The genome consists of three segments: large (L), medium (M), and small (S). The L segment encodes the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, the M segment encodes two glycoproteins (Gn and Gc) and a nonstructural protein (NSm), and the S segment encodes the nucleocapsid protein (N) and a nonstructural protein (NSs).

Orthobunyaviruses are primarily transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and midges, and can cause disease in humans and animals. The diseases caused by orthobunyaviruses range from mild febrile illness to severe hemorrhagic fever and encephalitis. Some of the notable orthobunyaviruses include California encephalitis virus, La Crosse encephalitis virus, Oropouche virus, and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus.

Nucleocapsid proteins are structural proteins that are associated with the viral genome in many viruses. They play a crucial role in the formation and stability of the viral particle, also known as the virion. In particular, nucleocapsid proteins bind to the viral RNA or DNA genome and help to protect it from degradation by host cell enzymes. They also participate in the assembly and disassembly of the virion during the viral replication cycle.

In some viruses, such as coronaviruses, the nucleocapsid protein is also involved in regulating the transcription and replication of the viral genome. The nucleocapsid protein of SARS-CoV-2, for example, has been shown to interact with host cell proteins that are involved in the regulation of gene expression, which may contribute to the virus's ability to manipulate the host cell environment and evade the immune response.

Overall, nucleocapsid proteins are important components of many viruses and are often targeted by antiviral therapies due to their essential role in the viral replication cycle.

**Hemorrhagic fevers, viral** are a group of severe, potentially fatal illnesses caused by viruses that affect the body's ability to regulate its blood vessels and clotting abilities. These viruses belong to several different families including *Filoviridae* (e.g., Ebola, Marburg), *Arenaviridae* (e.g., Lassa, Machupo), *Bunyaviridae* (e.g., Hantavirus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus) and *Flaviviridae* (e.g., Dengue, Yellow Fever).

The initial symptoms are non-specific and include sudden onset of fever, fatigue, muscle aches, joint pains, headache, and vomiting. As the disease progresses, it may lead to capillary leakage, internal and external bleeding, and multi-organ failure resulting in shock and death in severe cases.

The transmission of these viruses can occur through various means depending on the specific virus. For example, some are transmitted via contact with infected animals or their urine/feces (e.g., Hantavirus), others through insect vectors like ticks (Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever) or mosquitoes (Dengue, Yellow Fever), and yet others through direct contact with infected body fluids (Ebola, Marburg).

There are no specific treatments for most viral hemorrhagic fevers. However, some experimental antiviral drugs have shown promise in treating certain types of the disease. Supportive care, such as maintaining blood pressure, replacing lost fluids and electrolytes, and managing pain, is critical to improving outcomes. Prevention measures include avoiding areas where the viruses are common, using personal protective equipment when caring for infected individuals or handling potentially contaminated materials, and controlling insect vectors.

Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO).

A viral RNA (ribonucleic acid) is the genetic material found in certain types of viruses, as opposed to viruses that contain DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). These viruses are known as RNA viruses. The RNA can be single-stranded or double-stranded and can exist as several different forms, such as positive-sense, negative-sense, or ambisense RNA. Upon infecting a host cell, the viral RNA uses the host's cellular machinery to translate the genetic information into proteins, leading to the production of new virus particles and the continuation of the viral life cycle. Examples of human diseases caused by RNA viruses include influenza, COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2), hepatitis C, and polio.

Viral proteins are the proteins that are encoded by the viral genome and are essential for the viral life cycle. These proteins can be structural or non-structural and play various roles in the virus's replication, infection, and assembly process. Structural proteins make up the physical structure of the virus, including the capsid (the protein shell that surrounds the viral genome) and any envelope proteins (that may be present on enveloped viruses). Non-structural proteins are involved in the replication of the viral genome and modulation of the host cell environment to favor viral replication. Overall, a thorough understanding of viral proteins is crucial for developing antiviral therapies and vaccines.

Virus replication is the process by which a virus produces copies or reproduces itself inside a host cell. This involves several steps:

1. Attachment: The virus attaches to a specific receptor on the surface of the host cell.
2. Penetration: The viral genetic material enters the host cell, either by invagination of the cell membrane or endocytosis.
3. Uncoating: The viral genetic material is released from its protective coat (capsid) inside the host cell.
4. Replication: The viral genetic material uses the host cell's machinery to produce new viral components, such as proteins and nucleic acids.
5. Assembly: The newly synthesized viral components are assembled into new virus particles.
6. Release: The newly formed viruses are released from the host cell, often through lysis (breaking) of the cell membrane or by budding off the cell membrane.

The specific mechanisms and details of virus replication can vary depending on the type of virus. Some viruses, such as DNA viruses, use the host cell's DNA polymerase to replicate their genetic material, while others, such as RNA viruses, use their own RNA-dependent RNA polymerase or reverse transcriptase enzymes. Understanding the process of virus replication is important for developing antiviral therapies and vaccines.

'Cercopithecus aethiops' is the scientific name for the monkey species more commonly known as the green monkey. It belongs to the family Cercopithecidae and is native to western Africa. The green monkey is omnivorous, with a diet that includes fruits, nuts, seeds, insects, and small vertebrates. They are known for their distinctive greenish-brown fur and long tail. Green monkeys are also important animal models in biomedical research due to their susceptibility to certain diseases, such as SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus), which is closely related to HIV.

Arboviruses are a group of viruses that are primarily transmitted to humans and animals through the bites of infected arthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and sandflies. The term "arbovirus" is short for "arthropod-borne virus."

Arboviruses can cause a wide range of symptoms, depending on the specific virus and the individual host's immune response. Some common symptoms associated with arboviral infections include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, rash, and fatigue. In severe cases, arboviral infections can lead to serious complications such as encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord), or hemorrhagic fever (bleeding disorders).

There are hundreds of different arboviruses, and they are found in many parts of the world. Some of the most well-known arboviral diseases include dengue fever, chikungunya, Zika virus infection, West Nile virus infection, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis.

Prevention of arboviral infections typically involves avoiding mosquito bites and other arthropod vectors through the use of insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, and staying indoors during peak mosquito feeding times. Public health efforts also focus on reducing vector populations through environmental management and the use of larvicides. Vaccines are available for some arboviral diseases, such as yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis.

Viral nonstructural proteins (NS) are viral proteins that are not part of the virion structure. They play various roles in the viral life cycle, such as replication of the viral genome, transcription, translation regulation, and modulation of the host cell environment to favor virus replication. These proteins are often produced in large quantities during infection and can manipulate or disrupt various cellular pathways to benefit the virus. They may also be involved in evasion of the host's immune response. The specific functions of viral nonstructural proteins vary depending on the type of virus.

Cricetinae is a subfamily of rodents that includes hamsters, gerbils, and relatives. These small mammals are characterized by having short limbs, compact bodies, and cheek pouches for storing food. They are native to various parts of the world, particularly in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Some species are popular pets due to their small size, easy care, and friendly nature. In a medical context, understanding the biology and behavior of Cricetinae species can be important for individuals who keep them as pets or for researchers studying their physiology.

A cell line is a culture of cells that are grown in a laboratory for use in research. These cells are usually taken from a single cell or group of cells, and they are able to divide and grow continuously in the lab. Cell lines can come from many different sources, including animals, plants, and humans. They are often used in scientific research to study cellular processes, disease mechanisms, and to test new drugs or treatments. Some common types of human cell lines include HeLa cells (which come from a cancer patient named Henrietta Lacks), HEK293 cells (which come from embryonic kidney cells), and HUVEC cells (which come from umbilical vein endothelial cells). It is important to note that cell lines are not the same as primary cells, which are cells that are taken directly from a living organism and have not been grown in the lab.

"Bunyamwera virus (BUNV)". Gerrard SR, Li L, Barrett AD, Nichol ST (2004). "Ngari virus is a Bunyamwera virus reassortant that ... Reassortant viruses derived from Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus, such as Ngari virus, have been associated with large outbreaks of ... Bunya: from Bunyamwera, place in Uganda, where type virus was isolated. "ICTV Taxonomy history: Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus" ( ... Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus (BUNV) is a negative-sense, single-stranded enveloped RNA virus. It is assigned to the ...
... is where Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus was first isolated, and it also lends its name to that virus' genus ... Bunya: from Bunyamwera, place in Uganda, where type virus was isolated. (CS1: long volume value, Articles with short ... Bunyamwera is a town in Bundibugyo District, Uganda. It lies just outside of Rwenzori Mountains National Park, which is to the ... In the 1950s, Bunyamwera was considered a Konzo spur village, and children there went to primary school in the parish of ...
Genbank: Bunyamwera virus segment S, complete sequence Genbank: Bunyamwera virus L segment, complete sequence Sakkas H, Bozidis ... the La Crosse virus and the Jamestown Canyon virus are North American species that cause encephalitis in humans. The virus is ... Kascsak RJ, Lyons MJ (October 1977). "Bunyamwera virus. I. The molecular complexity of the virion RNA". Virology. 82 (1): 37-47 ... The name Orthobunyavirus derives from Bunyamwera, Uganda, where the original type species Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus was first ...
Evidence that Bunyamwera serogroup viruses in North America are associated with congenital defects such as macrocephaly and ... Coleman PH (1969). "Tensaw virus, a new member of the Bunyamwera arbovirus group from the Southern United States". Am. J. Trop ... Tensaw orthobunyavirus is a virus in the genus Orthobunyavirus of the Bunyamwera arbovirus group, order Bunyavirales. It is ... Chamberlain RW, Sudia WD, Coleman PH (1969). "Isolations of an arbovirus of the Bunyamwera group (Tensaw virus) from mosquitoes ...
A closely associated disease is the Bunyamwera virus, which is of the same family and genus as the Batai virus (BATV); it is ... Batai virus is part of a diverse group of arthropod-borne viruses. Classified via the Baltimore scheme, Batai virus is a ... Associated viruses include Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus, and severe fever with thrombocytopenia ... Batai virus is geographically spread throughout Asia and Europe. It has been shown that batai viruses from Japan, Malaysia and ...
... where the type virus of the genus, Bunyamwera virus, was first isolated. ICTV Report: Peribunyaviridae (Articles with short ... Fulton virus, Khurdun virus, Lakamha virus, largemouth bass bunyavirus, and Eriocheir sinensis bunya-like virus. "Virus ... Its name partially derives from Bunyamwera, Uganda, where the founding species was first isolated. A number of viruses that ... Peribunyaviridae is a family of viruses in the order Bunyavirales. ...
... (NRIV) is a single-stranded, negative sense, tri-segmented RNA virus. It is a subtype of the Bunyamwera virus (BUNV ... Gerrard, Sonja R.; Li, Li; Barrett, Alan D.; Nichol, Stuart T. (August 2004). "Ngari virus is a Bunyamwera virus reassortant ... Furthermore, the virus has previously been found within goats and sheep in Mauritania. The virus has been reported primarily in ... Humans that are infected by the virus typically develop severe or fatal hemorrhagic fever. Ngari virus was first isolated in ...
In addition, Aedes circumluteolus also vectors pathogens such as Lebombo virus, Wesselsbron virus, Kedougou virus, Bunyamwera ... This species of mosquito is the primary vector for Spondweni virus, a virus related to Zika virus which can lead to an ... "Evaluating the vector competence of Aedes simpsoni sl from Kenyan coast for Ngari and Bunyamwera viruses". PLOS ONE. 16 (7): ... "ArboCat Virus: Lebombo (LEBV)". wwwn.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2015-12-22. Jupp, P. G.; McIntosh, B. M. (1987). "A bionomic study of ...
Bunya: from Bunyamwera, place in Uganda, where type virus was isolated. Smithburn, K. C.; Haddow, A. J.; Mahaffy, A. F. (March ... "Bunyaviridae - Negative Sense RNA Viruses - Negative Sense RNA Viruses (2011)". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses ... Jamestown Canyon virus, La Crosse encephalitis virus, Oropouche orthobunyavirus, and Snowshoe hare virus (vector: mosquitoes; ... As precautions Cache Valley virus and Hantavirus research are conducted in BSL-2 (or higher), Rift Valley Fever virus research ...
Virus genomes (either DNA or RNA) are extremely tightly packed into the viral capsid. Many viruses are therefore little more ... Structurally characterised viral nucleoproteins include influenza, rabies, Ebola, Bunyamwera, Schmallenberg, Hazara, Crimean- ... Baudin, F; Bach, C; Cusack, S; Ruigrok, R W (1994-07-01). "Structure of influenza virus RNP. I. Influenza virus nucleoprotein ... Some viruses are simple ribonucleoproteins, containing only one molecule of RNA and a number of identical protein molecules. ...
Yellow fever, chikungunya, Zika, Bouboui and Bunyamwera viruses have been isolated from members of the furcifer group. Ae. ... Diallo, D; Sall, AA; Diagne, CT; Faye, O; Faye, O; Ba, Y; Hanley, KA; Buenemann, M; Weaver, SC; Diallo, M (2014). "Zika virus ... furcifer is involved in monkey-to-man and man-to-man transmission of yellow fever, is a potential vector of dengue virus ... Jupp, PG; McIntosh, BM (1990). "Aedes furcifer and other mosquitoes as vectors of chikungunya virus at Mica, northeastern ...
... is a species of virus. It was initially considered a strain of Wyeomyia virus, belonging serologically to the Bunyamwera ... Until 2001 this virus has not been reported to cause disease in humans. Lambert, Amy J.; et al. (6 June 2018). "Thirty-eight ... new species within the genus Orthobunyavirus". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 3 March 2020. ... Anhembi orthobunyavirus, also called Anhembi virus (AMBV), ...
... tri-segmented RNA virus. The virus is an isolate of Bunyamwera virus (BUNV) and closely related to Cache Valley virus (CVV). ... Countries containing the virus include Panama, Brazil, and Argentina. The Fort Sherman virus was first isolated in 1985 by ... Fort Sherman virus is found in a geographic range of more than 7,000 km, solely in South America. ... This was found while analyzing the M segment of the virus in which the Brazil and Argentina strains closely matched while the ...
... (LOKV) is a single-stranded, negative sense, tri-segmented RNA virus. It is a subtype of the Bunyamwera virus ( ... The virus has been poorly studied and the effects of the virus on humans is currently unknown. Antibodies have been found ... "ArboCat Virus: Lokern (LOKV)". wwwn.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2022-01-09. "ArboCat Virus: Lokern (LOKV)". wwwn.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2022 ... "ArboCat Virus: Lokern (LOKV)". wwwn.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2022-01-09. "ArboCat Virus: Lokern (LOKV)". wwwn.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2022 ...
However, CVVs Bunyamwera serogroup's two non-structural proteins play an important role in infection. Bunyamwera virus (BUNV) ... and Hawaii for antibodies to Cache Valley and antigenically related viruses (Bunyamwera serogroup virus)". Am J Trop Med Hyg. ... a teratogenic virus of the genus Orthobunyavirus closely related to Cache Valley virus, the virus was shown to replicate in the ... Bunyamwera virus NSs protein is a nonessential gene that contributes to viral pathogenesis. It has been shown that in mammalian ...
In 1942, Haddow joined the Virus Research Institute at Entebbe, Uganda (now known as the Uganda Virus Research Institute) as a ... Bunyamwera and West Nile.[citation needed] In 1961, a steel tower was erected in the Zika forest to allow mosquitoes to be ... including the discovery of the Zika virus, and research into the insect vectors of the yellow fever virus. Other notable work ... The Zika virus has since emerged as an important human disease, but it was not considered so until very recently. Haddow was ...
Bunyamwera serogroup virus may exist in south Florida. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Virus Name: Maguari" ... MAGV is related to Cache Valley virus and Tensaw virus. In addition to humans, MAGV has been isolated from mosquitoes, horses, ... Human infections with Tensaw virus in south Florida: evidence that Tensaw virus subtypes stimulate the production of antibodies ... The presence of antibodies to Maguari virus in human residents of south Florida can be attributed to either cross-reactivity ...
... and Bunyamwera viruses and an undefined viral agent, MTMP 131. Species listed by the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit: ... Viruses isolated from wild-caught Eretmapodites include Rift Valley fever, Semliki forest, Spondweni, Nyando, Okola, Middleburg ...
Aino virus (AINOV), African horse sickness virus (AHSV), Bozo virus (BOZOV), Bussuquara virus (BSQV), Bunyamwera virus(BUNV), ... Kunjin virus (KUNV), La Crosse virus (LACV), Mayaro virus (MAYV), Marburg virus (MBGV), Marco virus (MCOV), Melao virus (MELV ... Nola virus (NOLV), Ntaya virus (NTAV), Oriboca virus (ORIV), Orungo virus (ORUV), Restan virus (RESV), Rift Valley fever virus ... West Nile virus (WNV), Wesselsbron virus (WSLV), Yaounde virus (YAOV), Yellow fever virus (YFV), Zegla virus (ZEGV), Zika virus ...
Uganda Bunamwaya SC Bundibugyo Bundibugyo Airport Bundibugyo District Bundibugyo ebolavirus Bundibugyo virus Bunyamwera virus ... Kichwamba Uganda-United States relations Uganda Virus Research Institute Uganda Wildlife Authority Uganda women's national ... Acii Oliver Wonekha Olwiyo Omara Atubo Omubanda Omukama of Bunyoro Omukama of Toro Omukuli Onegi Obel O'nyong'nyong virus ... Yasser Mugerwa Youth in Uganda Yoweri Museveni Yumbe Yumbe District Yunus Sentamu Yusuf Lule Zerubabel Nyiira Zika virus ...
Genus Orthobunyavirus Bunyamwera virus California encephalitis virus Jamestown Canyon virus La Crosse encephalitis virus Genus ... Louis encephalitis virus West Nile virus Spondweni virus group Spondweni virus Zika virus Yellow fever virus group Yellow fever ... virus Tick-borne viruses Mammalian tick-borne virus group Kyasanur forest disease virus Tick-borne encephalitis virus Family ... Dengue virus group Dengue virus Japanese encephalitis virus group Japanese encephalitis virus Murray Valley encephalitis virus ...
"Virus Taxonomy: 2020 Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021. Mahy, ... Bunyamwera, Patois, and Minatitlan". The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 32 (4): 877-85. doi:10.4269/ajtmh. ... Abras orthobunyavirus, also called Abras virus (ABRV), is a species of virus in the genus Orthobunyavirus. Isolated from Culex ...
... bunyamwera virus MeSH B04.820.087.640.300 - encephalitis virus, california MeSH B04.820.087.640.300.500 - la crosse virus MeSH ... yellow fever virus MeSH B04.820.250.400 - gb virus a MeSH B04.820.250.405 - gb virus b MeSH B04.820.250.410 - GB virus C MeSH ... nairobi sheep disease virus MeSH B04.909.777.147.640 - orthobunyavirus MeSH B04.909.777.147.640.147 - bunyamwera virus MeSH ... yellow fever virus MeSH B04.909.777.310.400 - gb virus a MeSH B04.909.777.310.405 - gb virus b MeSH B04.909.777.310.410 - GB ...
Gerrard, Sonja R.; Li, Li; Barrett, Alan D.; Nichol, Stuart T. (2004-08-15). "Ngari Virus Is a Bunyamwera Virus Reassortant ... Omsk Hemorrhagic Fever virus, Alkhurma virus, Kyasanur Forest virus (reclassified from B to C) Powassan virus (Deer Tick virus ... Nipah virus Rabies SARS coronavirus Tick-borne encephalitis virus Tick-borne hemorrhagic fever viruses Other hantaviruses Other ... Junin virus, Machupo virus, Guanarito virus, Lassa fever Bunyaviruses: Hantaviruses, Rift Valley Fever, Crimean-Congo ...
Virus Sections. Virus Name/Prototype. Original Source. Method of Isolation. Virus Properties. Antigenic Relationship. Biologic ... Arthropod species & virus source(a) Method of Infection log10/ml (b) Incubation period (c) Transmision by bite (d) Assay of ... Click on the PDF icon to the left to view a copy of this virus entry in PDF format. You can get a copy of the PDF viewer by ... transmission to mice by virus-fed Ae aegypti (33). ... Virus Name: Bunyamwera Abbreviation: BUNV Status. Arbovirus ...
"Bunyamwera virus" by people in this website by year, and whether "Bunyamwera virus" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Bunyamwera virus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Bunyamwera virus" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Bunyamwera virus". ...
"Bunyamwera virus (BUNV)". Gerrard SR, Li L, Barrett AD, Nichol ST (2004). "Ngari virus is a Bunyamwera virus reassortant that ... Reassortant viruses derived from Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus, such as Ngari virus, have been associated with large outbreaks of ... Bunya: from Bunyamwera, place in Uganda, where type virus was isolated. "ICTV Taxonomy history: Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus" ( ... Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus (BUNV) is a negative-sense, single-stranded enveloped RNA virus. It is assigned to the ...
Bunyamwera. #section tr td {vertical-align:text-top; height:28px;} #isolation tr td {text-align:center;} Section V - Antigenic ... Virus Sections. Virus Name/Prototype. Original Source. Method of Isolation. Virus Properties. Antigenic Relationship. Biologic ... Click on the PDF icon to the left to view a copy of this virus entry in PDF format. You can get a copy of the PDF viewer by ...
Bunyamwera Supergroup. #section tr td {vertical-align:text-top;}. SECTION I - Full Virus Name and Prototype Number. Prototype ... Virus Sections. Virus Name/Prototype. Original Source. Method of Isolation. Virus Properties. Antigenic Relationship. Biologic ... Click on the PDF icon to the left to view a copy of this virus entry in PDF format. You can get a copy of the PDF viewer by ...
Cache valley virus Active Descriptions. Cache Valley virus (CVV), a mosquito-borne member of the Bunyamwera serogroup, family ... Cache Valley virus (CVV) was isolated in Cache Valley, Utah, in 1956. CVV is a mosquito borne member of the Bunyamwera ... Cache Valley virus. LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info. Requests to this service require a free LOINC ... Cache valley virus. Part Type. Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured) Created On. 2000-05-04. Construct ...
Bunyamwera virus. H01550. T40371. Cache Valley virus. H02512. T40369. Jamestown Canyon virus. H02511. ... Influenza C virus (C/Ann Arbor/1/50). H00398. Kolmioviridae. Deltavirus. T40085. Hepatitis D virus (Hepatitis delta virus). ... Hepatitis B virus. H00412. ssRNA-RT viruses. Retroviridae. Deltaretrovirus. T40003. Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) ... Bean leafroll virus. -ssRNA viruses. Rhabdoviridae. Alphanucleorhabdovirus. T40199. Maize mosaic virus (Maize mosaic ...
Hepatitis E virus is an emerging food-borne virus in Croatia. After the emergence in 2012, cases were regularly recorded. ... West Nile virus emerged in 2012, followed by emergence of Usutu virus in 2013. Although high seroprevalence rates of Toscana ... Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus is a neglected neuroinvasive rodent-borne virus. So far, there are no reports on human ... virus have been detected among residents of Croatian littoral, the virus remains neglected, with only a few clinical cases of ...
Bunyamwera, Ntaya, Uganda S and Zika viruses. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1953 Jan. 47 (1):13-48. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ... Zika Virus Vaccine Development. No vaccine is approved and available for the prevention of Zika virus infection. ... Avoidance of Travel to Areas of Active Zika Virus Transmission. The best method for preventing Zika virus infection is to avoid ... Evasion of Innate and Intrinsic Antiviral Pathways by the Zika Virus. Viruses. 2019 Oct 22. 11(10):970. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
However, synthesis of IP-10 and IL-8, which are established markers for acute-stage SARS, escapes the virus-induced silencing ... A comparison with established cytokine-inducing viruses revealed that SARS-CoV only weakly triggered a cytokine response. In ... Bunyamwera delNSs virus [35], Sendai virus and Newcastle disease virus were used as controls. ... we compared it with well-characterized cytokine inducers such as Bunyamwera delNSs virus (BdNSs [35]), Sendai virus (SeV) and ...
However, the studies are limited, and assessing the relevance of H. aegyptium in perpetuating the virus in nature, and a ... Previous studies have shown that reptiles can participate in the transmission of arthropod-borne viruses, but they may ... transmission cycle in addition to the primary transmission cycle that could play a role in the natural dynamic of the virus and ... Recent reports have demonstrated the presence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) genomic material in Hyalomma ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
AKR VIRUS. AKR MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS. BUNYAMWERA GROUP VIRUSES. BUNYAMWERA VIRUS. CALIFORNIA GROUP VIRUSES. ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... SIMBU GROUP VIRUSES. SIMBU VIRUS. SWINE INFERTILITY AND RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS. PORCINE RESPIRATORY AND REPRODUCTIVE ... GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS, PORCINE TRANSMISSIBLE. TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS. HARVEY SARCOMA VIRUS. HARVEY MURINE SARCOMA ...
A knowledge resource to understand virus diversity and a gateway to UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot viral entries ... Bunyamwera virus Nucleoprotein. Nuclear relocalization of PABC1. Togaviridae. Rubella virus. Capsid protein. PABC1 ... Virus entry Transcription and replication Host-virus interactions Virus exit Host cell shutoff. Transcription shutoff » ... Viruses inhibiting PABPC1:. Family Virus Viral protein PABPC1 inhibition strategy references Retroviridae. HIV-1. Protease. ...
Fowlpox virusDucksHendra VirusRetroviridaeLymphocytic choriomeningitis virusBorna disease virusBunyamwera virusDistemper Virus ... RNA VirusesVaccinia virusSimian virus 40Plant VirusesDNA VirusesDefective VirusesSindbis VirusMeasles virusInfluenza A Virus, ... virusMoloney murine leukemia virusSendai virusCapsidYellow fever virusTobacco Mosaic VirusMyxoma virusCowpox virusVariola virus ... HumanMosaic VirusesHepatitis A virusSemliki forest virusHerpesvirus 1, HumanAvian Sarcoma VirusesJC VirusBK VirusViruses, ...
Bunyamwera virus (BUNV; genus Orthobunyavirus) is the model bunyavirus, sharing aspects of its molecular and cellular biology ... including Lassa virus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), and Junin virus. To investigate their inhibitory mechanism of ... Rift Valley fever virus, Keystone virus), enteroviruses (coxsackievirus, rhinovirus), flavirivuses (Zika virus), and ... Among these viruses, La Crosse virus (LACV), a member of the California serogroup, circulates in the eastern and midwestern ...
Sabiá virus Sabiá mammarenavirus Sabiá virus. *↑ ICTV 7th Report van Regenmortel, M.H.V., Fauquet, C.M., Bishop, D.H.L., ... The virus is also known as "Sabiá Virus").[9] She presented with hemorrhagic fever and died.[4] Her autopsy showed liver ... International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Archived from the original on 20 March 2023. Retrieved 29 April 2019.. ... Tahyna virus *TAHV. *Viral hemorrhagic fevers: Rift Valley fever *RVFV. *Bunyamwera fever *BUNV ...
None of the tibroviruses, except for Bas-Congo virus, have been associated with any dise ... Tibrovirus is a poorly characterized genus of viruses in the family Rhabdoviridae, order Mononegavirales. There are 8 members ... The name Bunyavirales derives from Bunyamwera, where the original type species Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus was first discovered ... "Virus Taxonomy: 2018b Release". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). March 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.. ...
Bunyamwera I Ntaya, Uganda S and Zika viruses)  Dick, GW. (1952) ... Zika virus infection in man  Simpson, D.I.H. (1964) 1. A strain of Zika virus was isolated from an adult male. 2. The clinical ... A simple technique for infection of mosquitoes with viruses; transmission of Zika virus  Boorman, J. P. T.; Porterfield, J. S. ... In continuation of a series of studies of arboreal mosquitos as virus vectors in Uganda, 12 strains of Zika virus and one ...
Bunyamwera I Ntaya, Uganda S and Zika viruses)  Dick, GW. (1952) ... Zika virus infection in man  Simpson, D.I.H. (1964) 1. A strain of Zika virus was isolated from an adult male. 2. The clinical ... A simple technique for infection of mosquitoes with viruses; transmission of Zika virus  Boorman, J. P. T.; Porterfield, J. S. ... In continuation of a series of studies of arboreal mosquitos as virus vectors in Uganda, 12 strains of Zika virus and one ...
  • Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus (BUNV) is a negative-sense, single-stranded enveloped RNA virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus can infect both humans and Aedes aegypti (yellow fever mosquito). (wikipedia.org)
  • Reassortant viruses derived from Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus, such as Ngari virus, have been associated with large outbreaks of viral haemorrhagic fever in Kenya and Somalia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus causes Bunyamwera fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • ICTV Taxonomy history: Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus" (html). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cache Valley virus (CVV), a mosquito-borne member of the Bunyamwera serogroup, family Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus, is geographically widespread in North America, where it circulates between mosquitoes and mammals. (loinc.org)
  • CVV is a mosquito borne member of the Bunyamwera serogroup belonging to the family Peribunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus [NCBI Taxonomy: 80935] [CDC:cache-valley/healthcare-providers/index.html]. (loinc.org)
  • The genus Orthobunyavirus are a group of viruses within arbovirus, with a zoonotic cycle, some of which could lead to human infection. (bvsalud.org)
  • Zigophyllaceae), against Fort Sherman virus (FSV) as a model of Orthobunyavirus genus. (bvsalud.org)
  • Transcription termination of the mRNA produced from the small (S) genome segment of Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus (BUNV) has previously been mapped to two cis-acting sequences located within the 5′ UTR using a virus-free replication assay. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Regarding Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus a particular series 5 inside HCl salt the 5? (immune-source.com)
  • Bunyamwera virus and snowshoe have virus (family Bunyaviridae) were passaged up to six times through mosquito cells in culture and the resultant viruses were compared to the input, mammalian cell-passed virus using monoclonal antibodies raised against the input virus. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Our results suggest that in the context of virus infection transcription termination of the BUNV S genome segment mRNA is exclusively directed by the upstream-termination signal. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • In April 2016, a deputy director at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned that the risk of Zika virus infection in the United States may have been previously underestimated, citing the increased range of the mosquito vectors (now in 30 US states, up from 12 as previously thought) and the travel risks associated with the 2016 Olympics in Brazil. (medscape.com)
  • Zika virus (ZIKV) infection usually is mild and self-limited. (medscape.com)
  • There are no specific FDA-approved treatment options or vaccines for treatment and prevention of Zika virus infection. (medscape.com)
  • Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with unconfirmed Zika virus infection should be avoided since the use of such drugs in dengue fever is associated with hemorrhagic risk and risk for Reye syndrome in the pediatric population. (medscape.com)
  • Expert consultation with a maternal-fetal medicine and infectious diseases specialists is advised for management of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. (medscape.com)
  • Patients infected with arboviruses such as Zika virus should be advised to limit activity during symptomatic illness in order to avoid exposure to mosquitoes and potential risk for human-to-arthropod transmission and subsequent local spread of disease. (medscape.com)
  • The best method for preventing Zika virus infection is to avoid travel to areas with active Zika virus transmission. (medscape.com)
  • There is growing evidence that Zika virus (ZIKV) can cause devastating infant brain defects and other neurological disorders in humans. (paho.org)
  • 1) A description is given of the adaptation to mice of two strains of Zika virus. (paho.org)
  • Zika is the name of a forest area near Entebbe, Uganda, where both strains of virus were isolated. (paho.org)
  • Swiss albino mice were inoculated with Ntaya and Zika virus strains. (paho.org)
  • During an epidemic of jaundice in Eastern Nigeria infection with Zika virus was shown to have occurred in three patients, one by isolation of the virus and two by a rise in serum antibodies. (paho.org)
  • 1) A volunteer has been inoculated with the Eastern Nigerian strain of Zika virus. (paho.org)
  • The isolation and identification of two further strains of Zika virus have been described together with some observations on its pathogenic properties in infant mice. (paho.org)
  • 1. A strain of Zika virus was isolated from an adult male. (paho.org)
  • A strain of Zika virus (P6-740) was isolated from one of 58 pools of 1,277 Aedes aegypti mosquitoes collected in cities and towns of peninsular Malaya. (paho.org)
  • In most cases, Zika virus infection causes a mild, self-limited illness. (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] Owing to the mild nature of the disease, more than 80% of Zika virus infection cases likely go unnoticed. (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] The spectrum of Zika virus disease overlaps with other that of arboviral infections, but rash (maculopapular and likely immune-mediated) typically predominates. (medscape.com)
  • Zika virus was first described in a febrile rhesus monkey in the Zika forest of Entebbe, Uganda, and was reported in a human field worker shortly thereafter. (medscape.com)
  • [ 1 ] Currently, Zika virus is known to be widely distributed outside of Africa. (medscape.com)
  • Zika virus infection is among the nationally notifiable diseases in the United States. (medscape.com)
  • State and local health departments should be informed by healthcare professionals of suspected cases of Zika virus infection to facilitate diagnosis and to reduce the risk of local transmission. (medscape.com)
  • The CDC has released a map of potential Zika virus spread in the United States based on the estimated range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. (medscape.com)
  • For the latest information concerning Zika virus, see also Medscape's Zika Virus Resource Center. (medscape.com)
  • Zika virus is well-adapted to grow in various hosts, ranging from arthropods to vertebrates. (medscape.com)
  • Sirohi et al described the structure of mature Zika virus based on cryoelectron microscopy. (medscape.com)
  • The global prevalence of Zika virus infection has not been widely reported owing to asymptomatic clinical course, clinical resemblance to other infection with other flaviviruses (dengue, chikungunya), and difficulty in confirming diagnosis. (medscape.com)
  • As yellow fever work continued, a number of other viruses including the Chikungunya, Onyongnyong, Zika, Semlik forest, West Nile, Bunyamwera, Bwamba, and Sindbis were isolated at the Institute, in total about 124 strains and 24 new viruses were isolated in the years between 1936 and 1972. (uvri.go.ug)
  • Frey S, Essbauer S, Zöller G, Klempa B, Weidmann M , Dobler G, Pfeffer M (2013) Complete Genome Sequence of Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus isolated from a Yellow-necked Mouse ( Apodemus flavicollis ) in Austria Genome Announcements 1(4). (mweidmann.com)
  • Encephalitis Virus, California" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (wakehealth.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Encephalitis Virus, California" by people in this website by year, and whether "Encephalitis Virus, California" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (wakehealth.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Encephalitis Virus, California" by people in Profiles. (wakehealth.edu)
  • Recent reports have demonstrated the presence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) genomic material in Hyalomma aegyptium ticks feeding primarily on tortoises belonging to the genus Testudo . (biomedcentral.com)
  • A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE, consisting of herpes simplex-like viruses. (lookformedical.com)
  • Tibrovirus is a poorly characterized genus of viruses in the family Rhabdoviridae , order Mononegavirales . (wikimili.com)
  • Other words only begin with a capital if they are proper nouns (including host genus names but not virus genus names**) or alphabetical identifiers. (ictv.global)
  • A virus name should never be italicized, even when it includes the name of a host species or genus, and should be written in lower case. (ictv.global)
  • The first letters of words in a virus name, including the first word, should only begin with a capital when these words are proper nouns (including host genus names but not virus genus names) or start a sentence. (ictv.global)
  • Members of the species West Nile virus are arboviruses. (ictv.global)
  • Arbovirus 0 domande Arthropod-borne viruses. (lookformedical.com)
  • Algunas especies se han encontrado infectadas con arbovirus como el Bussuquara, el de la encefalitis de San Luis, el Ilhéus, el Pixuna y el Wyeomyia, en tanto que otras se consideran indicadores biológicos por su asociación con ecosistemas particulares en microambientes naturales de parques urbanos o áreas conservadas con presencia de plantas epífitas como las bromelias. (raccefyn.co)
  • Virus mayaro: un arbovirus que amenaza a Colombia. (raccefyn.co)
  • Arbovirus en Latinoamérica. (raccefyn.co)
  • The RT-LAMP assays were optimized for the detection of Ťahyňa virus (a California encephalitis group virus found in Aedes sp or Ochlerotatus sp mosquitoes) and Batai virus (also called Čalovo virus, a Bunyamwera group virus found in Anopheles maculipennis s.l. mosquitoes) nucleic acid using endemic European virus isolates. (elsevierpure.com)
  • Aedes mcintoshi is a major vector of Rift Valley fever virus in Africa. (si.edu)
  • 1993. The serological comparison of tospovirus isolates from Taiwan and India with Impatiens necrotic spot virus and different tomato spotted wilt virus isolates. (esciencepress.net)
  • 2003. Ultrastructural differences in mixed infections of six Turnip mosaic virus and one Ribgrass mosic virus isolates in Crucifers. (esciencepress.net)
  • International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). (wikipedia.org)
  • Virus taxonomy. (mdwiki.org)
  • Seventh report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. (mdwiki.org)
  • Virus 1 quesito Minute infectious agents whose genomes are composed of DNA or RNA, but not both. (lookformedical.com)
  • Among these viruses, La Crosse virus (LACV), a member of the California serogroup, circulates in the eastern and midwestern United States. (bvsalud.org)
  • Whole-genome sequencing revealed that amino acid substitutions in the CEN region of drug-resistant viruses were located in similar positions as those of the CEN α3-helix loop of IFVs derived under drug selection. (bvsalud.org)
  • Virus Incompleti 0 domande Viruses which lack a complete genome so that they cannot completely replicate or cannot form a protein coat. (lookformedical.com)
  • Provirus 0 domande Duplex DNA sequences in eukaryotic chromosomes, corresponding to the genome of a virus, that are transmitted from one cell generation to the next without causing lysis of the host. (lookformedical.com)
  • Virus Riassortanti 0 domande Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. (lookformedical.com)
  • However, the studies are limited, and assessing the relevance of H. aegyptium in perpetuating the virus in nature, and a potential spillover to humans remains unknown. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This may indicate that CCHFV circulates in a cryptic transmission cycle in addition to the primary transmission cycle that could play a role in the natural dynamic of the virus and the transmission to humans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • They include both DNA and RNA viruses as well viruses from humans and animals. (lookformedical.com)
  • Type I interferons (IFN-α/β) are potent, antivirally active cytokines which can be produced by most, if not all, body cells in response to virus infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The ability of a pathogenic virus to lie dormant within a cell (latent infection). (lookformedical.com)
  • Dilcher M, Sall A, Hufert FT, Weidmann M (2013) Clarifying Bunyamwera virus riddles of the past Virus Genes 47(1):160-3. (mweidmann.com)
  • Bunyaviruses, like influenza viruses (IFVs), possess a cap-dependent endonuclease (CEN) that mediates the critical cap-snatching step of viral RNA transcription. (bvsalud.org)
  • We screened compounds from our CEN inhibitor (CENi) library and identified specific structural compounds that are 100 to 1,000 times more active in vitro than ribavirin against bunyaviruses, including Lassa virus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), and Junin virus. (bvsalud.org)
  • The N protein is the most abundant protein in virus particles and infected cells and, therefore, the main target in many serological and molecular diagnostics. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990. Serological differentiation of twenty of tomato spotted wilt virus. (esciencepress.net)
  • Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus. (lookformedical.com)
  • The order Picornavirales includes viruses infecting hosts of a range of species. (ictv.global)
  • A non-taxonomic designation for viruses that can replicate in both vertebrate hosts and arthropod vectors. (lookformedical.com)
  • Virus Degli Archaea 0 domande Viruses whose hosts are in the domain ARCHAEA. (lookformedical.com)
  • Batteriofagi 0 domande Viruses whose hosts are bacterial cells. (lookformedical.com)
  • Proteins found in any species of virus. (lookformedical.com)
  • The type species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS, related to COWPOX VIRUS , but whose true origin is unknown. (lookformedical.com)
  • How do I write virus, species, and other taxa names? (ictv.global)
  • Names of viruses (the physical things you work with in the lab or that make you sick) are written differently than the names of species and other taxa (logical constructs that help us categorize viruses). (ictv.global)
  • The species Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus has many diverse member viruses. (ictv.global)
  • A new bacteriophage, belonging to the species Salmonella virus SP6 , has been isolated. (ictv.global)
  • In most texts, virus names are used much more frequently than species names and may, therefore, be abbreviated. (ictv.global)
  • The expelling of virus particles from the body. (lookformedical.com)
  • [4] Four years later, in 1994, a researcher was exposed to the virus in a level 3 biohazard facility at Yale University when a centrifuge bottle cracked, leaked, and released aerosolized virus particles. (mdwiki.org)
  • It is named for Bunyamwera, a town in western Uganda, where it was isolated in 1943. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bunya: from Bunyamwera, place in Uganda, where type virus was isolated. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a period of 10 years (1937-1947) 10 different viruses were isolated at the Yellow Fever Research Institute (now Virus Research Institute), Entebbe, Uganda. (paho.org)
  • I welcome you to the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) website. (uvri.go.ug)
  • In 1977 the East African Community collapsed and the Institute was subsequently named the Uganda Virus Research Institute. (uvri.go.ug)
  • After the discovery of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Uganda, reference role activities and research work with collaborators on HIV started in 1987. (uvri.go.ug)
  • Previous studies have shown that reptiles can participate in the transmission of arthropod-borne viruses, but they may contribute to different aspects of the disease ecology and evolution of tick-borne viral pathogens. (biomedcentral.com)
  • BHV, BAV, SWBV and TIBV were isolated from biting midges, suggesting that midges are the major arthropod vector for these viruses. (wikimili.com)
  • A technique employing a mouse skin membrane and heparin-treated blood for infecting mosquitoes and for the demonstration of virus transmission is described. (paho.org)
  • Egg desiccation tolerance in floodwater mosquitoes is often associated with transovarian transmission of viruses between successive generations. (si.edu)
  • The mechanism by which latent viruses, such as genetically transmitted tumor viruses ( PROVIRUSES ) or PROPHAGES of lysogenic bacteria, are induced to replicate and then released as infectious viruses. (lookformedical.com)
  • Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL). (lookformedical.com)
  • [5] It is an enveloped RNA virus and is highly infectious and lethal. (mdwiki.org)
  • [10] EKV-1 could not be isolated from the patient's blood sample and live replication-competent virus is not available. (wikimili.com)
  • Virus Oncolitici 0 domande Tumor-selective, replication competent VIRUSES that have antineoplastic effects. (lookformedical.com)
  • Experiments using a recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus expressing the EKV-1 envelope glycoprotein indicate EKV-1 has very broad tropism and can efficiently enter nearly all types of human cells. (wikimili.com)
  • Experiments using a recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus expressing the EKV-2 envelope glycoprotein indicate EKV-2 has very broad tropism similar to EKV-1. (wikimili.com)
  • Taking advantage of our plasmid-based rescue system to generate recombinant viruses, we re-evaluated the importance of both pentanucleotide motifs as well as that of two other conserved sequences in transcription termination in vivo. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Furthermore, the downstream motif was not recognized in recombinant viruses in which the upstream signal has been disrupted. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Bas-Congo virus (BASV) was discovered in 2009 in the Democratic Republic of Congo in a blood sample collected from a 32-year-old male who survived a severe illness resembling hemorrhagic fever. (wikimili.com)
  • Cache Valley virus (CVV) was isolated in Cache Valley, Utah, in 1956. (loinc.org)
  • Specific molecular components of the cell capable of recognizing and interacting with a virus, and which, after binding it, are capable of generating some signal that initiates the chain of events leading to the biological response. (lookformedical.com)
  • A collective name for a group of viruses belonging to a higher-level taxon is neither italicized nor capitalized, even if it was derived from a proper noun. (ictv.global)
  • The mosquito cell-adapted virus population consisted of mutants which were better adapted to replication in the new host than was the input mammalian cell-passed virus and were differentially susceptible to neutralization by antibody. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Wyeomyia virus isolations in Trinidad, West Indies. (raccefyn.co)
  • Virus Degli Insetti 0 domande Viruses infecting insects, the largest family being BACULOVIRIDAE. (lookformedical.com)
  • Virus diseases caused by the HERPESVIRIDAE. (lookformedical.com)
  • A general term for diseases produced by viruses. (lookformedical.com)
  • None of the tibroviruses, except for Bas-Congo virus, have been associated with any diseases. (wikimili.com)
  • In 1969, WHO established a programme for polio and other viruses including acute respiratory diseases and enteroviruses. (uvri.go.ug)
  • Others, called SATELLITE VIRUSES, are able to replicate only when their genetic defect is complemented by a helper virus. (lookformedical.com)
  • Virus Helper 0 domande Viruses which enable defective viruses to replicate or to form a protein coat by complementing the missing gene function of the defective (satellite) virus. (lookformedical.com)
  • Tibrovirus virions are enveloped, but only the morphology of Tibrogargan virus and Sweetwater branch virus have been observed by electron microscopy. (wikimili.com)
  • 1964. Electron microscopy of strain E of tomato spotted wilt virus and comments on its probable biosyntheses. (esciencepress.net)
  • Flavivirus and Flaviviridae ), this may lead to ambiguity because both groups of viruses could be referred to as flaviviruses. (ictv.global)
  • The virus resembles other known flavivirus structures with the exception of approximately 10 amino acids surrounding the Asn154 glycosylation site in each of the 180 envelope glycoproteins comprising the icosahedral shell, the carbohydrate moiety of which may be the attachment site of the virus to host cells. (medscape.com)