An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.
Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.
Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.
Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.
The consumption of edible substances.
Decreased salivary flow.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
The selection of one food over another.
Discontinuance of care received by patient(s) due to reasons other than full recovery from the disease.
A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.

Empirical comparison of two psychological therapies. Self psychology and cognitive orientation in the treatment of anorexia and bulimia. (1/268)

The authors investigated the applicability of self psychological treatment (SPT) and cognitive orientation treatment (COT) to the treatment of anorexia and bulimia. Thirty-three patients participated in this study. The bulimic patients (n = 25) were randomly assigned either to SPT, COT, or control/nutritional counseling only (C/NC). The anorexic patients (n = 8) were randomly assigned to either SPT or COT. Patients were administered a battery of outcome measures assessing eating disorders symptomatology, attitudes toward food, self structure, and general psychiatric symptoms. After SPT, significant improvement was observed. After COT, slight but nonsignificant improvement was observed. After C/NC, almost no changes could be detected.  (+info)

Altered dopamine activity after recovery from restricting-type anorexia nervosa. (2/268)

When ill, women with eating disorders have disturbances of mood and behavior and alterations of catecholamine activity. It is not known whether these alterations are cause or consequence of pathological eating behaviors. To avoid confounding effects of pathologic eating behavior, we studied women who were recovered (> 1 year, normal weight, regular menstrual cycles, no restricting eating pattern, no bingeing or purging) from anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) compared to healthy control women. Recovered AN women had significantly lower height-adjusted weight than did recovered BN women. CSF HVA (pmol/ml +/- SD), a major metabolite of dopamine, was significantly lower (p < .02) in six restricting-type AN women (131 +/- 49) compared to 19 BN women (216 +/- 73) and at a trend (p < .08) less than 13 bulimic-type AN women (209 +/- 53, p < .06) and 18 control women (202 +/- 57, p < .08). These four groups had similar values for CSF MHPG, a norepinephrine metabolite. Dopamine neuronal function has been associated with motor activity, reward, and novelty seeking. These behaviors are altered in restricting-type AN compared to other eating disorder subtypes. A trait-related disturbance of dopamine metabolism may contribute to a vulnerability to develop this sub-type of eating disorder.  (+info)

Serotonin function following remission from bulimia nervosa. (3/268)

Abnormal serotonergic regulation in bulimia nervosa is thought to contribute to recurrent binge eating, depressed mood, and impulsivity. To follow-up on previous studies showing decreased neuroendocrine responses in symptomatic patients, this study assessed serotonin-mediated prolactin responses in individuals who had remitted from bulimia nervosa. Subjects included 21 women with a history of bulimia nervosa and 21 healthy female controls, as well as an additional comparison group of 19 women with current bulimia nervosa. Placebo-controlled neuroendocrine response studies utilized a single oral dose (60 mg) of the indirect serotonin agonist d,l-fenfluramine. For the bulimia nervosa remitted group, the fenfluramine-stimulated elevation in serum prolactin concentration was not significantly different from the response in healthy controls, but was significantly larger than the response in patients with current bulimia nervosa (p < .01). These findings suggest that diminished serotonergic neuroendocrine responsiveness in bulimia nervosa reflects a state-related abnormality. The results are discussed in relationship to recent reports indicating that some alterations in central nervous system serotonin regulation may persist in symptomatically recovered individuals.  (+info)

The female athlete triad. (4/268)

The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized. The consequences of lost bone mineral density can be devastating for the female athlete. Premature osteoporotic fractures can occur, and lost bone mineral density may never be regained. Early recognition of the female athlete triad can be accomplished by the family physician through risk factor assessment and screening questions. Instituting an appropriate diet and moderating the frequency of exercise may result in the natural return of menses. Hormone replacement therapy should be considered early to prevent the loss of bone density. A collaborative effort among coaches, athletic trainers, parents, athletes and physicians is optimal for the recognition and prevention of the triad. Increased education of parents, coaches and athletes in the health risks of the female athlete triad can prevent a potentially life-threatening illness.  (+info)

Three different presentations of bulimia nervosa. (5/268)

This case report describes the different presentations of three women with bulimia nervosa, all of whom demonstrated purging behaviour. Two of the patients also had hypokalaemia, whereas the third exhibited Russell's sign-that is, calluses on the dorsum of each hand. Drug treatment and psychosocial intervention improved the condition of all three patients. The report emphasises the need for both health care professionals and the public to recognise this potentially dangerous but treatable disorder.  (+info)

Detection, evaluation, and treatment of eating disorders the role of the primary care physician. (6/268)

OBJECTIVE: To describe how primary care clinicians can detect an eating disorder and identify and manage the associated medical complications. DESIGN: A review of literature from 1994 to 1999 identified by a MEDLINE search on epidemiology, diagnosis, and therapy of eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Detection requires awareness of risk factors for, and symptoms and signs of, anorexia nervosa (e.g., participation in activities valuing thinness, family history of an eating disorder, amenorrhea, lanugo hair) and bulimia nervosa (e.g., unsuccessful attempts at weight loss, history of childhood sexual abuse, family history of depression, erosion of tooth enamel from vomiting, partoid gland swelling, and gastroesophageal reflux). Providers must also remain alert for disordered eating in female athletes (the female athlete triad) and disordered eating in diabetics. Treatment requires a multidisciplinary team including a primary care practitioner, nutritionist, and mental health professional. The role of the primary care practitioner is to help determine the need for hospitalization and to manage medical complications (e.g., arrhythmias, refeeding syndrome, osteoporosis, and electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalemia). CONCLUSION: Primary care providers have an important role in detecting and managing eating disorders.  (+info)

Reliability of lifetime history of bulimia nervosa. Comparison with major depression. (7/268)

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that the reliability of the lifetime prevalence of bulimia nervosa is low to moderate. However, the reasons for poor reliability remain unknown. AIMS: We investigated the ability of a range of variables to predict reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of reporting of both bulimia nervosa and major depression. METHOD: Two interviews, approximately 5 years apart, were completed with 2163 women from the Virginia Twin Registry. RESULTS: After accounting for different base rates, bulimia nervosa was shown to be as reliably reported as major depression. Consistent with previous studies of major depression, improved reliability of bulimia nervosa reporting is associated with more severe bulimic symptomatology. CONCLUSIONS: Frequent binge eating and the presence of salient behavioural markers such as vomiting and laxative misuse are associated with more reliable reporting of bulimia nervosa. In the absence of the use of fuller forms of assessment, brief interviews should utilise more than one prompt question, thus increasing the probability that memory of past disorders will be more successfully activated and accessed.  (+info)

The estimation of body mass index and physical attractiveness is dependent on the observer's own body mass index. (8/268)

A disturbance in the evaluation of personal body mass and shape is a key feature of both anorexia and bulimia nervosa. However, it is uncertain whether overestimation is a causal factor in the development of these eating disorders or is merely a secondary effect of having a low body mass. Moreover, does this overestimation extend to the perception of other people's bodies? Since body mass is an important factor in the perception of physical attractiveness, we wanted to determine whether this putative overestimation of self body mass extended to include the perceived attractiveness of others. We asked 204 female observers (31 anorexic, 30 bulimic and 143 control) to estimate the body mass and rate the attractiveness of a set of 25 photographic images showing people of varying body mass index (BMI). BMI is a measure of weight scaled for height (kg m(- 2)). The observers also estimated their own BMI. Anorexic and bulimic observers systematically overestimated the body mass of both their own and other people's bodies, relative to controls, and they rated a significantly lower body mass to be optimally attractive. When the degree of overestimation is plotted against the BMI of the observer there is a strong correlation. Taken across all our observers, as the BMI of the observer declines, the overestimation of body mass increases. One possible explanation for this result is that the overestimation is a secondary effect caused by weight loss. Moreover, if the degree of body mass overestimation is taken into account, then there are no significant differences in the perceptions of attractiveness between anorexic and bulimic observers and control observers. Our results suggest a significant perceptual overestimation of BMI that is based on the observer's own BMI and not correlated with cognitive factors, and suggests that this overestimation in eating-disordered patients must be addressed directly in treatment regimes.  (+info)

Bulimia nervosa is a mental health disorder that is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating, followed by compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain. These compensatory behaviors may include self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, or excessive exercise.

Individuals with bulimia nervosa often experience a lack of control over their eating habits and may feel intense shame, guilt, and distress about their binge eating and compensatory behaviors. The disorder can lead to serious medical complications, such as electrolyte imbalances, dehydration, dental problems, and gastrointestinal issues.

Bulimia nervosa typically begins in late adolescence or early adulthood and affects women more often than men. The exact cause of the disorder is not known, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic, biological, psychological, and social factors. Treatment for bulimia nervosa may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, nutrition counseling, and support groups.

Eating disorders are mental health conditions characterized by significant disturbances in eating behaviors and associated distressing thoughts and emotions. They include several types of disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and other specified feeding or eating disorders (OSFED). These disorders can have serious medical and psychological consequences if left untreated.

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by restrictive eating, low body weight, and an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat. Individuals with anorexia may also have a distorted body image and deny the severity of their low body weight.

Bulimia nervosa involves recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as purging (e.g., self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives or diuretics), fasting, or excessive exercise to prevent weight gain.

Binge eating disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large amounts of food in a short period of time, often to the point of discomfort, accompanied by feelings of loss of control and distress. Unlike bulimia nervosa, individuals with binge eating disorder do not engage in compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain.

Other specified feeding or eating disorders (OSFED) include atypical anorexia nervosa, subthreshold bulimia nervosa, and subthreshold binge eating disorder, which may have similar symptoms to the above disorders but do not meet all the diagnostic criteria.

Eating disorders can affect people of any age, gender, race, or ethnicity, and they are often associated with other mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Treatment typically involves a combination of psychological therapy, nutrition counseling, and medical management to address both the physical and psychological aspects of the disorder.

Binge-Eating Disorder (BED) is a type of eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of consuming large amounts of food in a short period of time, often to the point of discomfort or pain. These episodes are accompanied by a loss of control over eating and are not followed by compensatory behaviors such as purging or excessive exercise.

To be diagnosed with BED, an individual must experience these binge-eating episodes at least once a week for three months or more, along with feelings of distress, shame, or guilt about their eating habits. Additionally, the binge eating must occur on average at least once a week for three months.

BED is different from overeating and can cause significant emotional and physical problems, including depression, anxiety, obesity, and other health issues related to weight gain. It is important to seek professional help if you suspect that you or someone you know may have BED.

Body image is a person's perception and attitude towards their own physical appearance, shape, and size. It involves how a person thinks and feels about their body, including their self-perceived strengths and flaws. Body image can be influenced by many factors, such as cultural and societal standards of beauty, personal experiences, and media messages. A positive body image is associated with higher self-esteem, confidence, and overall well-being, while a negative body image can contribute to emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and disordered eating behaviors.

Feeding behavior refers to the various actions and mechanisms involved in the intake of food and nutrition for the purpose of sustaining life, growth, and health. This complex process encompasses a coordinated series of activities, including:

1. Food selection: The identification, pursuit, and acquisition of appropriate food sources based on sensory cues (smell, taste, appearance) and individual preferences.
2. Preparation: The manipulation and processing of food to make it suitable for consumption, such as chewing, grinding, or chopping.
3. Ingestion: The act of transferring food from the oral cavity into the digestive system through swallowing.
4. Digestion: The mechanical and chemical breakdown of food within the gastrointestinal tract to facilitate nutrient absorption and eliminate waste products.
5. Assimilation: The uptake and utilization of absorbed nutrients by cells and tissues for energy production, growth, repair, and maintenance.
6. Elimination: The removal of undigested material and waste products from the body through defecation.

Feeding behavior is regulated by a complex interplay between neural, hormonal, and psychological factors that help maintain energy balance and ensure adequate nutrient intake. Disruptions in feeding behavior can lead to various medical conditions, such as malnutrition, obesity, eating disorders, and gastrointestinal motility disorders.

Vomiting is defined in medical terms as the forceful expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth. It is a violent, involuntary act that is usually accompanied by strong contractions of the abdominal muscles and retching. The body's vomiting reflex is typically triggered when the brain receives signals from the digestive system that something is amiss.

There are many potential causes of vomiting, including gastrointestinal infections, food poisoning, motion sickness, pregnancy, alcohol consumption, and certain medications or medical conditions. In some cases, vomiting can be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition, such as a brain injury, concussion, or chemical imbalance in the body.

Vomiting is generally not considered a serious medical emergency on its own, but it can lead to dehydration and other complications if left untreated. If vomiting persists for an extended period of time, or if it is accompanied by other concerning symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, fever, or difficulty breathing, it is important to seek medical attention promptly.

Hyperphagia is a medical term that describes excessive eating or increased appetite, often to the point of compulsive overeating. It's more than just a simple increase in hunger or appetite; it's characterized by consuming large amounts of food beyond what is needed for normal growth and health.

This condition can be associated with several medical conditions. For instance, it's a common symptom in Prader-Willi syndrome, a genetic disorder that affects appetite, growth, and cognitive development. It can also occur in certain types of brain injuries or disorders affecting the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that regulates hunger and fullness signals.

However, it's important to note that hyperphagia should not be confused with binge eating disorder, another eating disorder characterized by consuming large amounts of food in a short period of time, but without the feeling of loss of control that is typical of binge eating.

As always, if you or someone else is experiencing symptoms of hyperphagia, it's important to seek medical advice to identify and treat any underlying conditions.

Anorexia is a medical condition defined as a loss of appetite or aversion to food, leading to significant weight loss. It can be a symptom of various underlying causes, such as mental health disorders (most commonly an eating disorder called anorexia nervosa), gastrointestinal issues, cancer, infections, or side effects of medication. In this definition, we are primarily referring to anorexia as a symptom rather than the specific eating disorder anorexia nervosa.

Anorexia nervosa is a psychological eating disorder characterized by:

1. Restriction of energy intake leading to significantly low body weight (in context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health)
2. Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, or persistent behavior that interferes with weight gain
3. Disturbed body image, such as overvaluation of self-worth regarding shape or weight, or denial of the seriousness of low body weight

Anorexia nervosa has two subtypes: restricting type and binge eating/purging type. The restricting type involves limiting food intake without engaging in binge eating or purging behaviors (such as self-induced vomiting or misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas). In contrast, the binge eating/purging type includes recurrent episodes of binge eating and compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain.

It is essential to differentiate between anorexia as a symptom and anorexia nervosa as a distinct psychological disorder when discussing medical definitions.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a publication of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that provides diagnostic criteria for mental disorders. It is widely used by mental health professionals in the United States and around the world to diagnose and classify mental health conditions.

The DSM includes detailed descriptions of symptoms, clinical examples, and specific criteria for each disorder, which are intended to facilitate accurate diagnosis and improve communication among mental health professionals. The manual is regularly updated to reflect current research and clinical practice, with the most recent edition being the DSM-5, published in 2013.

It's important to note that while the DSM is a valuable tool for mental health professionals, it is not without controversy. Some critics argue that the manual medicalizes normal human experiences and that its categories may be too broad or overlapping. Nonetheless, it remains an essential resource for clinicians, researchers, and policymakers in the field of mental health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Manuals as Topic" is not a recognized medical term or concept. A manual typically refers to a book or guide that provides instructions or information about a particular subject or task. In a medical context, manuals may include clinical practice guidelines, procedural manuals, policy manuals, or training manuals that provide guidance for healthcare professionals in diagnosing, treating, and managing various medical conditions or situations. However, "Manuals as Topic" is too broad and does not refer to a specific medical concept. If you have a more specific question about a particular type of medical manual, I'd be happy to help!

Cognitive Therapy (CT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. It is a form of talk therapy where the therapist and the patient work together to identify and change negative or distorted thinking patterns and beliefs, with the goal of improving emotional response and behavior.

Cognitive Therapy is based on the idea that our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are all interconnected, and that negative or inaccurate thoughts can contribute to problems like anxiety and depression. By identifying and challenging these thoughts, patients can learn to think more realistically and positively, which can lead to improvements in their mood and behavior.

In cognitive therapy sessions, the therapist will help the patient identify negative thought patterns and replace them with healthier, more accurate ways of thinking. The therapist may also assign homework or exercises for the patient to practice between sessions, such as keeping a thought record or challenging negative thoughts.

Cognitive Therapy has been shown to be effective in treating a wide range of mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is often used in combination with other forms of treatment, such as medication, and can be delivered individually or in group settings.

In medical terms, "hunger" is not specifically defined as a clinical condition. However, it generally refers to the physiological need or desire for food and calories, driven by mechanisms in the brain and body that regulate energy balance. This sensation often arises when the body's energy stores are depleted, or when there has been a prolonged period without food intake.

Hunger is primarily mediated by hormones such as ghrelin, which stimulates appetite, and leptin, which signals satiety. The hypothalamus in the brain plays a crucial role in integrating these hormonal signals to regulate hunger and energy balance. Additionally, other factors like sleep deprivation, stress, and certain medical conditions can also influence feelings of hunger.

Satiation is a term used in the field of nutrition and physiology, which refers to the feeling of fullness or satisfaction that one experiences after eating food. It is the point at which further consumption of food no longer adds to the sensation of hunger or the desire to eat. This response is influenced by various factors such as the type and amount of food consumed, nutrient composition, energy density, individual appetite regulatory hormones, and gastric distension.

Satiation plays a crucial role in regulating food intake and maintaining energy balance. Understanding the mechanisms underlying satiation can help individuals make healthier food choices and prevent overeating, thereby reducing the risk of obesity and other related health issues.

Satiety response is a term used in the field of nutrition and physiology to describe the feeling of fullness or satisfaction that follows food consumption. It is a complex process regulated by several factors, including the mechanical and chemical signals generated during digestion, hormonal responses, and psychological factors. The satiety response helps control food intake and energy balance by inhibiting further eating until the body has had enough time to metabolize and absorb the nutrients from the meal.

The satiety response can be influenced by various factors such as the type, volume, and texture of food consumed, as well as individual differences in appetite regulation and metabolism. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the satiety response is important for developing strategies to promote healthy eating behaviors and prevent overeating, which can contribute to obesity and other health problems.

In the context of medical and public health, social control in its informal sense refers to the unofficial mechanisms through which society regulates the behavior and conduct of individuals within a group or community. This can include peer pressure, social norms, customs, traditions, and other informal sanctions that discourage deviant behavior and promote conformity to accepted standards of health-related behaviors.

For example, in a community where regular exercise is considered important for maintaining good health, individuals who do not engage in physical activity may face informal social control measures such as disapproval, ridicule, or exclusion from social activities. These unofficial mechanisms can be just as powerful as formal regulations and laws in shaping individual behavior and promoting public health.

Informal social control is often contrasted with formal social control, which refers to the official mechanisms used by institutions such as government agencies, schools, and workplaces to regulate behavior through rules, policies, and laws. However, both forms of social control can interact and reinforce each other in complex ways to shape individual and community health behaviors.

In medical and psychological terms, "affect" refers to a person's emotional or expressive state, mood, or dispositions that are outwardly manifested in their behavior, facial expressions, demeanor, or speech. Affect can be described as being congruent or incongruent with an individual's thoughts and experiences.

There are different types of affect, including:

1. Neutral affect: When a person shows no apparent emotion or displays minimal emotional expressiveness.
2. Positive affect: When a person exhibits positive emotions such as happiness, excitement, or enthusiasm.
3. Negative affect: When a person experiences and displays negative emotions like sadness, anger, or fear.
4. Blunted affect: When a person's emotional response is noticeably reduced or diminished, often observed in individuals with certain mental health conditions, such as schizophrenia.
5. Flat affect: When a person has an almost complete absence of emotional expressiveness, which can be indicative of severe depression or other mental health disorders.
6. Labile affect: When a person's emotional state fluctuates rapidly and frequently between positive and negative emotions, often observed in individuals with certain neurological conditions or mood disorders.

Clinicians may assess a patient's affect during an interview or examination to help diagnose mental health conditions, evaluate treatment progress, or monitor overall well-being.

Impulsive behavior can be defined medically as actions performed without proper thought or consideration of the consequences, driven by immediate needs, desires, or urges. It often involves risky or inappropriate behaviors that may lead to negative outcomes. In a clinical context, impulsivity is frequently associated with certain mental health conditions such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and some neurological conditions. It's important to note that everyone can exhibit impulsive behavior at times, but when it becomes a persistent pattern causing distress or functional impairment, it may indicate an underlying condition requiring professional assessment and treatment.

Psychiatric Status Rating Scales are standardized assessment tools used by mental health professionals to evaluate and rate the severity of a person's psychiatric symptoms and functioning. These scales provide a systematic and structured approach to measuring various aspects of an individual's mental health, such as mood, anxiety, psychosis, behavior, and cognitive abilities.

The purpose of using Psychiatric Status Rating Scales is to:

1. Assess the severity and improvement of psychiatric symptoms over time.
2. Aid in diagnostic decision-making and treatment planning.
3. Monitor treatment response and adjust interventions accordingly.
4. Facilitate communication among mental health professionals about a patient's status.
5. Provide an objective basis for research and epidemiological studies.

Examples of Psychiatric Status Rating Scales include:

1. Clinical Global Impression (CGI): A brief, subjective rating scale that measures overall illness severity, treatment response, and improvement.
2. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS): A comprehensive scale used to assess the symptoms of psychosis, including positive, negative, and general psychopathology domains.
3. Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) or Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS): Scales used to evaluate the severity of depressive symptoms.
4. Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS): A scale used to assess the severity of manic or hypomanic symptoms.
5. Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) or Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90-R): Scales that measure a broad range of psychiatric symptoms and psychopathology.
6. Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF): A scale used to rate an individual's overall psychological, social, and occupational functioning on a hypothetical continuum of mental health-illness.

It is important to note that Psychiatric Status Rating Scales should be administered by trained mental health professionals to ensure accurate and reliable results.

A Personality Inventory is a standardized test used in psychology to assess an individual's personality traits and characteristics. It typically consists of a series of multiple-choice questions or statements that the respondent must rate according to their level of agreement or disagreement. The inventory measures various aspects of an individual's behavior, attitudes, and temperament, providing a quantifiable score that can be compared to normative data to help diagnose personality disorders, assess personal strengths and weaknesses, or provide insights into an individual's likely responses to different situations. Examples of well-known personality inventories include the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the California Psychological Inventory (CPI).

'Diseases in Twins' is a field of study that focuses on the similarities and differences in the occurrence, development, and outcomes of diseases among twins. This research can provide valuable insights into the genetic and environmental factors that contribute to various medical conditions.

Twins can be classified into two types: monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal). Monozygotic twins share 100% of their genes, while dizygotic twins share about 50%, similar to non-twin siblings. By comparing the concordance rates (the likelihood of both twins having the same disease) between monozygotic and dizygotic twins, researchers can estimate the heritability of a particular disease.

Studying diseases in twins also helps understand the role of environmental factors. When both twins develop the same disease, but they are discordant for certain risk factors (e.g., one twin smokes and the other does not), it suggests that the disease may have a stronger genetic component. On the other hand, when both twins share similar risk factors and develop the disease, it implies that environmental factors play a significant role.

Diseases in Twins research has contributed to our understanding of various medical conditions, including infectious diseases, cancer, mental health disorders, and developmental disorders. This knowledge can lead to better prevention strategies, early detection methods, and more targeted treatments for these diseases.

The medical definition of "eating" refers to the process of consuming and ingesting food or nutrients into the body. This process typically involves several steps, including:

1. Food preparation: This may involve cleaning, chopping, cooking, or combining ingredients to make them ready for consumption.
2. Ingestion: The act of taking food or nutrients into the mouth and swallowing it.
3. Digestion: Once food is ingested, it travels down the esophagus and enters the stomach, where it is broken down by enzymes and acids to facilitate absorption of nutrients.
4. Absorption: Nutrients are absorbed through the walls of the small intestine and transported to cells throughout the body for use as energy or building blocks for growth and repair.
5. Elimination: Undigested food and waste products are eliminated from the body through the large intestine (colon) and rectum.

Eating is an essential function that provides the body with the nutrients it needs to maintain health, grow, and repair itself. Disorders of eating, such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, can have serious consequences for physical and mental health.

Xerostomia is a medical term that describes the subjective feeling of dryness in the mouth due to decreased or absent saliva flow. It's also commonly referred to as "dry mouth." This condition can result from various factors, including medications, dehydration, radiation therapy, Sjögren's syndrome, and other medical disorders. Prolonged xerostomia may lead to oral health issues such as dental caries, oral candidiasis, and difficulty with speaking, chewing, and swallowing.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Self-injurious behavior (SIB) refers to the intentional, direct injuring of one's own body without suicidal intentions. It is often repetitive and can take various forms such as cutting, burning, scratching, hitting, or bruising the skin. In some cases, individuals may also ingest harmful substances or objects.

SIB is not a mental disorder itself, but it is often associated with various psychiatric conditions, including borderline personality disorder, depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and eating disorders. It is also common in individuals with developmental disabilities, such as autism spectrum disorder.

The function of SIB can vary widely among individuals, but it often serves as a coping mechanism to deal with emotional distress, negative feelings, or traumatic experiences. It's essential to approach individuals who engage in SIB with compassion and understanding, focusing on treating the underlying causes rather than solely addressing the behavior itself. Professional mental health treatment and therapy can help individuals develop healthier coping strategies and improve their quality of life.

Food preferences are personal likes or dislikes towards certain types of food or drinks, which can be influenced by various factors such as cultural background, individual experiences, taste, texture, smell, appearance, and psychological factors. Food preferences can also be shaped by dietary habits, nutritional needs, health conditions, and medication requirements. They play a significant role in shaping an individual's dietary choices and overall eating behavior, which can have implications for their nutritional status, growth, development, and long-term health outcomes.

"Patient dropouts" is a term used in clinical research and medical settings to refer to participants who withdraw or discontinue their participation in a treatment plan, clinical trial, or study before its completion. The reasons for patient dropouts can vary widely and may include factors such as adverse effects of the treatment, lack of efficacy, financial constraints, relocation, loss of interest, or personal reasons. High patient dropout rates can impact the validity and generalizability of research findings, making it challenging to assess the long-term safety and effectiveness of a particular intervention or treatment. Therefore, understanding and addressing the factors that contribute to patient dropouts is an important consideration in clinical research and practice.

Psychotherapy is a type of treatment used primarily to treat mental health disorders and other emotional or behavioral issues. It involves a therapeutic relationship between a trained psychotherapist and a patient, where they work together to understand the patient's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, identify patterns that may be causing distress, and develop strategies to manage symptoms and improve overall well-being.

There are many different approaches to psychotherapy, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy, interpersonal therapy, and others. The specific approach used will depend on the individual patient's needs and preferences, as well as the training and expertise of the therapist.

Psychotherapy can be conducted in individual, group, or family sessions, and may be provided in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinics, private practices, or online platforms. The goal of psychotherapy is to help patients understand themselves better, develop coping skills, improve their relationships, and enhance their overall quality of life.

... , AllMusic "Flipside interview with Bulimia Banquet" (PDF). Operationphoenixrecords.com. "Tank Girl Opening ... Bulimia Banquet traces its roots to an earlier band, Minions of Parody, which existed in Southern California in 1985. The band ... Bulimia Banquet is recognized for pioneering the riot grrrl movement of the 1990s, and is featured in a 1995 documentary film ... Bulimia Banquet was an American punk band with members from Downtown Los Angeles, Hollywood, Hermosa Beach, and El Segundo, ...
Bulimia is about nine times more likely to occur in women than men. Among women, rates are highest in young adults. Bulimia was ... Globally, bulimia was estimated to affect 3.6 million people in 2015. About 1% of young women have bulimia at a given point in ... Bulimia nervosa occurs more frequently in developed countries and in cities, with one study finding that bulimia is five times ... Bulimia nervosa, also known as simply bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging or ...
... is a subset of the psychological disorder called bulimia in which a person is compelled to exercise in an ... "Exercise Bulimia." ULifeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr. 2013. . [1], 'Life Without Eating Disorders' "Exercise Bulimia." ... Exercise Bulimia can sometimes go unnoticed because exercise is something that is seen as healthy, but just because a person ...
The Bulimia Test-Revised (BULIT-R) is a 36 item self-report questionnaire to assess the presence of bulimic symptoms. It was ... Scores range from 29-140 with those greater than 104 being indicative of bulimia nervosa. Body Attitudes Questionnaire Eating ... IV Criteria for Bulimia Nervosa; Psychological Assessment Vol.8-No.2;June 1996 (Eating disorders screening and assessment tools ...
This is a list of notable people who have had bulimia nervosa. Often simply known as bulimia, this is an eating disorder which ... "David Coulthard battled bulimia as a teen". The Daily Telegraph. London. 21 August 2007. ISSN 0307-1235. OCLC 49632006. ... Haiken, Melanie (26 September 2012). "Lady Gaga Puts Bulimia and Body Image On The Table In A Big Way". Forbes. "Geri Halliwell ... "Lindsay Lohan admits drug use, bulimia battle". TODAY.com. Retrieved 2021-04-17. "Richa Chadha has come out in the open about ...
... is an autobiography written by Marya Hornbacher, detailing her fourteen-year battle ...
"Anorexia , Bulimia , Anorexia Nervosa , OCD , Psychotherapist Steven Levenkron". Levekron.com - his personal website Steven ...
... bulimia nervosa drawing from Hall's experience recovering from bulimia. The booklet was later reworked and included in Bulimia ... "Anorexia - Eating Disorders - Bulimia - About Us". Bulimia. Archived from the original on November 9, 2011. Retrieved November ... Bulimia: A Guide to Recovery (First Edition). Santa Barbara, CA: Gürze Books, 1986. Musiat, Peter and Ulrike Schmidt. "Self- ... Bulimia: A Guide to Recovery (25th Anniversary Edition). Carlsbad, CA: Gürze Books, 2011. Andersen, Arnold, Leigh Cohn, and ...
Bulimia. Rehab." The Philadelphia Inquirer said that these "dark" subjects have not turned away teens; rather, "readers raced ...
"Bulimia nervosa". mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 25 October 2021. "How I stopped overeating - the Food Freedom Guide". The ... Overeating can be a symptom of binge eating disorder or bulimia nervosa. In a broader sense, hyperalimentation includes ...
Özaslan explained that she had bulimia nervosa, which had affected her eating habits and weight, and added that she was in the ... "Duygu Özaslan kilolu yakalanınca itiraf etti! 'Bulimia nervozaydım'". mynet.com. 8 July 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2020. Duygu ...
SCOFF questionnaire Body Attitudes Test Bulimia Test-Revised Eating Attitudes Test Body Attitudes Questionnaire Eating Disorder ... bulimia nervosa; and (c) eating disorder not otherwise specified including binge eating disorder. The original questionnaire ... and fear of weight gain Bulimia: episodes of binge eating and purging Body dissatisfaction: not being satisfied with one's ... "Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia". International ...
Anorexia, bulimia, EDNOS". Archived from the original on 2009-11-28. Retrieved 2009-12-14. "Eating Disorders Glossary". ... Eating Disorders Coalition National Eating Disorders Association "Treatment approaches overview for eating disorders: Bulimia, ... bulimia nervosa (B.N.), and eating disorders not otherwise specified (E.D.N.O.S.). The organization provides information, ...
Sonenklar, Carol (2011). Anorexia and Bulimia. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 9780761363736. "A Fear of Food: A ... Sonenklar, Carol (2011). Anorexia and Bulimia. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 9780761363736. "A Fear of Food: A ... Sonenklar, Carol (2011). Anorexia and Bulimia. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 9780761363736. Hacker, J.D.; Libra ...
Mikami, A. Y.; Hinshaw, S. P.; Arnold, L. E.; Hoza, B.; Hechtman, L.; Newcorn, J. H.; Abikoff, H. B. (2009). "Bulimia nervosa ... Bruce, K. R.; Steiger, H.; Koerner, N. M.; Israel, M.; Young, S. N. (2004). "Bulimia nervosa with co-morbid avoidant ... Ozawa, Y.; Koyano, H.; Akama, T. (1999). "Complete recovery from intractable bulimia nervosa by the surgical cure of primary ... The distinction between the diagnoses of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) ...
"Bulimia Nervosa-Topic Overview". WebMD. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012. The dictionary ... Repeated intentional vomiting, characteristic of bulimia, can cause stomach acid to wear away at the enamel in teeth. Nausea ... disorders Malignancy Hemorrhage Abscess Hydrocephalus Meningitis Encephalitis Rabies Psychiatric illnesses Anorexia and bulimia ...
"The Paula Abdul Bulimia Battle. This brave woman's story..." your-bulimia-recovery.com. Archived from the original on October ... I don't."[importance?] In 1994, Abdul sought treatment for bulimia nervosa, which she revealed years later she first developed ...
She suffers from bulimia. She is portrayed by Ángeles Balbiani. At the end, she becomes pregnant with Lalo's child. Laura ...
He said, "I think anybody who has suffered a serious illness like bulimia knows that it's not possible to really portray it in ... She then later develops bulimia after disgust with her body image following the explosion. Matilda collapses one day and then ... Matilda is eventually found after escaping her kidnapper Terry Rawlings (Laurence Coy). In 2006, Matilda developed bulimia. She ... McManus, Bridget (27 July 2006). "Bulimia's prime-time treatment". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 October 2010. Green, ...
Later in 2021, she admitted to having anorexia and bulimia during her modelling years Nataliya Gotsiy at the Fashion Model ... "Exclusive! How we fought these ilnesses? Bulimia, Anorexia, ED". YouTube. 28 January 2021. Archived from the original on 21 ...
Bulimia Sokağı (Bulemia Street), published in 2002 was followed by Altın Aşk Vuruşu (The Thrust of Golden Love) in 2004. ... short story) Bulimia Sokağı. Remzi Kitabevi, 2002 (novel) Altın Aşk Vuruşu. Everest Yayınları, 2004 (novel) Aşk Notası. Artemis ... Aydilge Books at Antoloji.com Archived September 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Bulimia Sokağı on the website of the ...
This was observed once in a transgender patient with a severe history of bulimia nervosa but presented with symptoms of purging ... Purging disorder is studied far less often than anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa as it is not considered an independent ... Purging disorder differs from bulimia nervosa (BN) because individuals do not consume a large amount of food before they purge ... Research indicates that purging disorder, while not rare, is not as commonly found as anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. This ...
Literature shows that a wide variety of hypnotic interventions have been investigated for the treatment of bulimia nervosa, ... Similar studies have shown that groups suffering from bulimia nervosa, undergoing hypnotherapy, were more exceptional to no ... Barabasz M (April 2012). "Cognitive hypnotherapy with bulimia". The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. 54 (4): 353-364. doi ...
In it, he stated that he had suffered from bulimia as a teenager, caused by the need to lose weight when competing in karting ... "Coulthard reveals bulimia battle". BBC Sport. 20 August 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2011. Leach, Ben (27 November 2008). " ...
Despite battling bulimia during her first few years on the tour, Garrison enjoyed notable success on-court. She reached the ... Garrison began suffering from the eating disorder bulimia when she was 19, following the death of her mother. "I had never been ... Bulimia crushes your self-esteem. It took me five years to get help'". The Observer. Retrieved 2018-02-05. Evans, Hilary; ... Jean King Cup Zina Garrison at Olympedia Zina Garrison at Olympics.com ESPN biography Zina Garrison on her fight with bulimia ...
"Prescott tells of bulimia battle". BBC News. 20 April 2008. Archived from the original on 21 April 2008. Retrieved 20 April ... In April 2008, Prescott recounted having suffered from the eating disorder bulimia nervosa, which he believed was brought on by ...
Imogen is diagnosed with bulimia. Terese tries to get Imogen to open up to her, by revealing her own struggles with an eating ... Due to a lack of attention, Imogen developed bulimia nervosa. The storyline was the first to portray the issues of eating ... Doctor Karl Kennedy (Alan Fletcher) then informed them that Imogen had bulimia. Kaplan said it was hard for Imogen to accept ... Imogen becomes school captain and her teacher Gemma Reeves (Kathryn Beck) threatens to reveal Imogen's bulimia secret, but ...
August - The eating disorder Bulimia nervosa is first described and named by British psychiatrist Gerald Russell. December 9 - ... Palmer, Robert (December 2004). "Bulimia nervosa: 25 years on". British Journal of Psychiatry. 185 (6): 447-8. doi:10.1192/bjp. ... Russell, Gerald (August 1979). "Bulimia nervosa: an ominous variant of anorexia nervosa". Psychological Medicine. 9 (3): 429-48 ...
"How Anorexia and Bulimia Work". HowStuffWorks. December 12, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2021. "MC Escher and His Trippy Art". ...
He called it bulimia nervosa. From 1979 to 1993 he was a professor at the Institute of Psychiatry at the Maudsley Hospital, ... Palmer, Robert (2004). "Bulimia nervosa: 25 years on". The British Journal of Psychiatry. British Journal of Psychiatry. 185 (6 ... In 1979 he published one of the first descriptions of bulimia nervosa, and Russell's sign has been named after him. Gerald ... ISBN 1-870520-10-6. Russell, Gerald (August 1979). "Bulimia nervosa: an ominous variant of anorexia nervosa". Psychological ...
Bulimia Banquet, AllMusic "Flipside interview with Bulimia Banquet" (PDF). Operationphoenixrecords.com. "Tank Girl Opening ... Bulimia Banquet traces its roots to an earlier band, Minions of Parody, which existed in Southern California in 1985. The band ... Bulimia Banquet is recognized for pioneering the riot grrrl movement of the 1990s, and is featured in a 1995 documentary film ... Bulimia Banquet was an American punk band with members from Downtown Los Angeles, Hollywood, Hermosa Beach, and El Segundo, ...
Bulimia is an eating disorder in which a person has regular episodes of eating a very large amount of food (bingeing) during ... Bulimia is an eating disorder in which a person has regular episodes of eating a very large amount of food (bingeing) during ... Most often, a stepped approach is used to treat bulimia. Treatment depends on how severe the bulimia is, and the persons ... The exact cause of bulimia is unknown. Genetic, psychological, family, society, or cultural factors may play a role. Bulimia is ...
People with the eating disorder bulimia often eat large amounts of food over short periods of time (binge eat). Then, they try ... Bulimia. What Is Bulimia?. Bulimia is an eating disorder. People with bulimia (boo-LEE-mee-uh) often eat large amounts of food ... How Is Bulimia Diagnosed?. If a doctor thinks a child or teen might have bulimia, theyll do an exam, take a medical history, ... People with bulimia are usually ashamed and try to hide what they are doing. But finding out about bulimia early is the best ...
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and purging. It usually begins in adolescence or young ... encoded search term (Pediatric Bulimia) and Pediatric Bulimia What to Read Next on Medscape ... Pediatric Bulimia Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Feb 28, 2020 * Author: Maggie A Wilkes, MD; Chief Editor: Caroly Pataki, MD ... Should bulimia nervosa be subtyped by history of anorexia nervosa? A longitudinal validation. Int J Eat Disord. 2007 Nov. 40 ...
... bulimia treatment facilities. Who needs a bulimia treatment center? Services offered, costs, what to expect. ... Inpatient bulimia treatment centers are less common and are for more severe forms of bulimia. This type of facility is capable ... Bulimia Treatment Center Costs. The costs of treating bulimia vary widely due to the severity and complications of each ... Services Provided by Bulimia Treatment Centers. Bulimia treatment centers vary in the services they offer but typically provide ...
Bulimia symptoms and anger and aggression among adolescents - Koposov R, Stickley A, Sukhodolsky D, Ruchkin V.. BACKGROUND: ... Body Dysmorphic Disorder Is More Common than Eating Disorders Like Anorexia and Bulimia, Yet Few People Are Aware of Its ... Self-hate, dissociation, and suicidal behavior in bulimia nervosa - Lieberman A, Robison M, Wonderlich SA, Crosby RD, Mitchell ... Amy Winehouses health battles leading up to her death - from depression to bulimia. The late Amy Winehouse would have been ...
Two teenage friends struggling with anorexia and bulimia discuss their illness, treatment, and how to support one another. ...
Innanzitutto, lidea dellanoressia-bulimia come soluzione (per quanto patologica) piuttosto che come disturbo, e dunque la ... In terzo luogo, la tesi dellanoressia-bulimia come risposta ad una patologia del legame del soggetto con lAltro, che si ... da cui far emergere la genesi della sua anoressia-bulimia e la funzione inconscia che essa ha esercitato. ... Il libro fa il punto sullo stato dellarte del trattamento psicoanalitico dellanoressia e della bulimia. Attraverso ...
When a patient with bulimia nervosa is seen in an emergency situation, it is important to address the potential for other risk- ... encoded search term (Emergent Management of Bulimia Nervosa) and Emergent Management of Bulimia Nervosa What to Read Next on ... Emergent Management of Bulimia Nervosa Updated: Jan 24, 2019 * Author: Rebeka Barth, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD ... When a patient with bulimia nervosa is seen in an emergency situation, it is important to address the potential for other risk- ...
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that causes you to eat large amounts of food at one time and then get rid of it. It can ... How to help someone with bulimia nervosa.. What is bulimia nervosa?. Bulimia nervosa, also called bulimia, is an eating ... Learn about treatment options for bulimia nervosa.. How is bulimia nervosa treated?. Your healthcare provider may treat bulimia ... Bulimia Nervosa. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that causes you to eat large amounts of food at one time (binge) and ...
bulimia. <. >", "path": "https://www.trailrunnermag.com/training/injuries-and-treatment-training/no-room-for-shame/", "listing_ ...
American Anorexia Bulimia Association benefits when you shop. Help today! ... Help American Anorexia Bulimia Association. Every purchase from great stores helps American Anorexia Bulimia Association. ... iGive.com is the easy way to support American Anorexia Bulimia Association. Your everyday purchases American Anorexia Bulimia ... American Anorexia Bulimia Association. New York, New York. Cause Description:. National non-profit organization dedicated to ...
The Truth About Princess Dianas Struggle With Bulimia. NEWS EXCLUSIVES ROYALS BEAUTY STYLE WELLNESS LOVE LIVING POLITICS ... Its true that early in her royal relationship, Diana began struggling with bulimia, which, according to ... The Washington Post has written a piece separating fact from fiction with regard to Dianas struggle with bulimia. ...
What is bulimia nervosa in children?. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder. Its also called bulimia. A child with bulimia ... What causes bulimia nervosa in a child?. Researchers dont know what causes bulimia. Some things that may lead to it are:. * ... How is bulimia nervosa diagnosed in a child?. Parents, teachers, and coaches may be able to spot a child with bulimia. But many ... Which children are at risk for bulimia nervosa?. Most children with bulimia are girls in their teens. They tend to be from a ...
David Hall treat her teeth damage from bulimia writes a testimonial and thanks him for the excellent care she received. ... Bulimia Testimonial. * A physician from Wisconsin, who had suffered from bulimia, to Dr. Hall: ...
Bulimia was my best friend but also my murderer. I lost years of my life I can never get back. I often wonder what would have ... I have battled bulimia tirelessly for the greater portion of my life. Most days it feels as though I am fighting a losing ... It is those brief moments when I feel free of bulimia that I am at peace. Sometimes it may only be an hour, a minute, or a ... Today I wasnt a bulimia "survivor," a case study, a patient, or a sick girl. I was an average twenty-four-year-old woman ...
... for bulimia nervosa is a type of individual psychotherapy. The 15-20 sessions last 50 minutes each and are given over the ... It can be concluded that short-term focal IPT may be a new method to treat bulimia nervosa. More research needs to be done to ... The interpersonal context of the bulimia would then be examined. The termination of this first stage would be marked by the ... This essay on Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Bulimia Nervosa was written by a student just like you. You can use it for ...
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Nicole Scherzinger takes pride in her recovery from bulimia. And although pushing herself to go to the gym can be challenging ... Recovered From Bulimia, Nicole Scherzinger Credits Kale, Sushi, And Exercise For Health [Video] By Joanne Eglash Published on: ... Nicole Scherzinger takes pride in her recovery from bulimia. And although pushing herself to go to the gym can be challenging ... Share this article: Recovered From Bulimia, Nicole Scherzinger Credits Kale, Sushi, And Exercise For Health [Video] ...
Category: Bulimia Awareness. The Visible Impacts of Eating Disorders This entry was posted in Bulimia Awareness on Nov 14 2022 ... Can Bulimia Affect Fertility? This entry was posted in Bulimia Awareness on Jul 07 2022. by WqLP375l. ... What are the Primary Characteristics of Bulimia Nervosa? This entry was posted in Bulimia Awareness on May 19 2022. by Chandler ... Postpartum Depression & Bulimia This entry was posted in Bulimia Awareness on May 08 2021. by Chandler. ...
Bulimia is an obsessive compulsive eating disorder. People with bulimia have the tendency to consume large amounts of food in a ... Like anorexia, bulimia causes patients to have very low self-esteem that may result to self-harm. These kinds of disorders do ... Bulimia is a condition similar to Anorexia since it is also a mental illness concerned about resistance to gaining weight. ... Instead, a person with bulimia is caught in a cycle of taking in a large quantity of food which is regarded as "bingeing" and ...
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Bulimia nervosa :All Images :nervosa X-ray X-rays :nervosa Ultrasound Echo & ... Bulimia nervosa may be classified in to two types on the basis of purging behavior into purging and non-purging types. ... Non-purging type occurs in only approximately 6%-8% of bulimia cases, as it is a less effective means of ridding the body of ... Purging type is the more common type of bulimia, and involves any of self-induced vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, tapeworms, ...
By VIDAIn FeaturedTags anorexia, bulimia, Cynthia Cruz, eating disorders, mental illness, misogyny, racism, Sylvia Plath ... By Marcelle HeathIn FeaturedTags anorexia, body dysmorphia, bulimia, eating disorders, OCD, Sarah Fawn Montgomery ...
Bulimia.com is not liable for any issues associated with acting upon any information on this site. ... Any information provided on the bulimia.com is for educational purposes only. The information on this site should not ...
If your bulimia nervosa has caused life-threatening physical problems or if it has led to severe behavioral or psychological ... Specialty Bulimia Treatment Using Medical Mutual. Medical Mutual eating disorder coverage has access to a huge network of ... If you want to end the vicious cycle of bulimia nervosa and regain full control of your life, speak with one of our customer ... Medical Mutual Bulimia Coverage. Medical Mutuals method of doing business delivers unique advantages to its customers. All its ...
... and trusted friends may mistake bulimia for a ... Bulimia and Teenagers: Risks, Dangers, and Complications. As a ... Factors in the Development of Bulimia. A variety of factors may influence the development of bulimia in teenagers, including:. ... Bulimia is not something that should be taken lightly. If you suspect that a teenager you know is struggling with this eating ... Be Aware of the Signs and Symptoms of Bulimia. As a parent of caregiver of a teenager, it is important to be aware of the signs ...
Information about bulimia nervosa, treatment, support and training from the National Centre For Eating Disorders. Support line ... More information about bulimia nervosa. For more information about bulimia nervosa and bulimia nervosa treatment, you may ... Who has bulimia? Men and women of all ages and lifestyles can suffer from bulimia nervosa. The reasons why more women than men ... Exercise Bulimia Excessive exercise may be present in the other forms of bulimia or exists in people who do not vomit or take ...
Get the very best treatment for bulimia at Life Works, our world class eating disorder clinic in London. ... What is bulimia?. Bulimia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that is characterised by sufferers engaging in periods of ... How is bulimia nervosa treated?. The many effective treatments available for bulimia means you dont have to continue suffering ... How to get help for bulimia At Life Works, we understand that admitting that you have a problem with bulimia, and seeking help ...
While college women in general are at risk for anorexia nervosa and bulimia, these disorders may present more of a problem for ... The purpose of this study was to meta-analytically review the literature on (a) bulimia nervosa indices, (b) anorexia nervosa ... For example, for 14 women (ages 23-26) who had recovered from Bulimia Nervosa (BN), turning points included self-realizations, ... overeating and ultimately the cycle of bingeing and purging that is the foundational symptom of bulimia nervosa. Research ...
Also read Bulimia Nervosa articles about how to live with Bulimia Nervosa, and more. ... Read about Bulimia Nervosa symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. ... "Bulimia nervosa," Mayo Clinic. "Bulimia," MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia; U.S. National Library of Medicine. "Bulimia nervosa ... People with bulimia may have an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of body weight. People with bulimia ...
  • Kristen Ireland struggled with bulimia nervosa for years, working with a therapist and taking medications for anxiety and depression. (medworm.com)
  • Bulimia is an eating disorder in which a person has regular episodes of eating a very large amount of food (bingeing) during which the person feels a loss of control over their eating. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bulimia is an eating disorder . (kidshealth.org)
  • People with bulimia are more likely to have anxiety , obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) , or depression. (kidshealth.org)
  • A history of the identification of the characteristic eating disturbances of Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and Anorexia Nervosa. (medscape.com)
  • These bulimia treatment facilities offer 24-hour medical care which both disallows eating disorder behavior, like bingeing and purging, and treats eating disorders through a variety of means. (healthyplace.com)
  • Bulimia treatment centers that offer outpatient or partial hospitalization programs may operate out of eating disorder treatment facilities , hospitals or mental health facilities. (healthyplace.com)
  • Both the inpatient and outpatient bulimia treatment centers have the advantage of being specific to eating disorders and thus are staffed with eating disorder specialists. (healthyplace.com)
  • Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that causes you to eat large amounts of food at one time (binge) and then get rid of it (purge). (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Bulimia nervosa, also called bulimia, is an eating disorder . (clevelandclinic.org)
  • What's the difference between bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder? (clevelandclinic.org)
  • It's true that early in her royal relationship, Diana began struggling with bulimia, which, according to nationaleatingdisorders.org , is "a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating. (thelist.com)
  • Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by cycles of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • Bulimia nervosa is a potentially deadly eating disorder [1]. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • One of the most common eating disorder is Bulimia Nervosa. (bentham-open.org)
  • As a severe psychiatric disorder, bulimia nervosa impacts countless individuals across the world, including women and men of all ages, backgrounds, races, and genders. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • Teenagers who are experiencing bulimia may not have as obvious outward signs, as their weight is not necessarily an indicator of this eating disorder. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • To understand what bulimia is, bulimia nervosa treatment and where it fits, we need to explain a little more about what an eating disorder is. (eating-disorders.org.uk)
  • Bulimia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that is characterised by sufferers engaging in periods of excessive eating (known as 'binge eating'), followed by 'purging', in which they abuse laxatives or make themselves vomit as a means of getting rid of the calories that they've consumed. (lifeworkscommunity.com)
  • Bulimia nervosa - often called simply "bulimia" - is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by regular cycles of overeating (bingeing) and purging. (rxwiki.com)
  • If you are receiving treatment for bulimia and managing your disorder, stick to your treatment plan. (rxwiki.com)
  • When she met her husband Jim several years later, she was still battling binge eating disorder and bulimia. (nationaleatingdisorders.org)
  • Bulimia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by preoccupation with food and weight and recurrent episodes of binge eating during which large amounts of food are eaten in short periods of time (typically in two hours or less). (aweighout.com)
  • Highly practical and clinician friendly, this book provides evidence-based tools for tailoring psychotherapy to the needs of clients with bulimia nervosa or eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS), including binge-eating disorder. (guilford.com)
  • Although cognitive behavioral therapy is the gold standard treatments for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED), evidence for its long-term efficacy is weak. (frontiersin.org)
  • At any given point in time 1.0% of young women and 0.1% of young men will suffer from bulimia nervosa (BN) or binge eating disorder (BED) in Europe ( Keski-Rahkonen and Mustelin, 2016 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • nativeremedies.com - Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by the eating of a large amount of food in a short space of time (binging) followed by self-induced vomiting, or excessive use of laxatives, diuretics, fasting or exercise to 'rid' the body of the food (purging). (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • People with Bulimia nervosa struggle with their binge eating disorder. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • The binge eating disorder known as Bulimia is much more prevalent in Western Societies than elsewhere in the world. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • Thankfully, there are binge eating disorder treatment plans that offer help for overcoming Bulimia. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • Your doctor will be checking for confirmation of an eating disorder, as well as checking for any damage or medical complications that may have been caused by the Bulimia. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • It is also likely that personality traits related to Bulimia such as perfectionism, emotional sensitivity and addictive personality tendencies are inherited rather than the disorder itself. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • The eating disorder, bulimia nervosa, is a serious physical and mental illness destroying the lives of millions of men, women, and their families. (umd.edu)
  • Researchers investigating the brain mechanisms underlying bulimia nervosa have reported new results, which, if replicated, could have implications for the way this eating disorder is treated. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • Bulimia nervosa is a common eating disorder, and one of the most common psychiatric conditions in women. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • The BULIT-R correlated highly with EDDS, a brief self-report measure for diagnosing anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, and it correlated lower with BDI-II and OCI-R. The BULIT-R differentiated between patients with and without eating-disordered symptomatology. (laeknabladid.is)
  • Les adolescents de 13 à 18 ans ont rempli la troisième version de l'échelle Eating Disorder Inventory-3 et ont passé le test en 26 items Eating Attitudes Test . (who.int)
  • Two teenage friends struggling with anorexia and bulimia discuss their illness, treatment, and how to support one another. (webmd.com)
  • Based on the analysis of some closed Facebook groups that include people bearing anorexia and bulimia, this article aims at studying these people choices. (bvsalud.org)
  • People with fewer medical complications of bulimia and those willing and able to take part in therapy have a better chance of recovery. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Outpatient bulimia treatment facilities are typically for bulimics with a shorter history of the disease, no (or few) previous attempts at treatment and no other medical complications. (healthyplace.com)
  • The costs of treating bulimia vary widely due to the severity and complications of each individual case. (healthyplace.com)
  • What complications are associated with bulimia nervosa? (clevelandclinic.org)
  • What are possible complications of bulimia nervosa in a child? (rochester.edu)
  • Bulimia can cause serious complications including dehydration, heart problems, severe tooth decay and gum disease, absent or irregular periods in females, digestive problems, anxiety and depression , misuse of alcohol or drugs, and suicide. (rxwiki.com)
  • When a patient with bulimia nervosa is seen in an emergency situation, it is important to address the potential for other risk-taking behaviors. (medscape.com)
  • Overeating followed by unhealthy behaviors to prevent weight gain are the two main signs of bulimia (also called bulimia nervosa ). (kidshealth.org)
  • Emotion Dysregulation and Affective Intensity Mediate the Relationship Between Childhood Abuse and Suicide-Related Behaviors Among Women with Bulimia Nervosa. (medscape.com)
  • Bulimia is a cycle of binging and compensatory behaviors to make up for the binge. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • However, unlike binge-eating syndrome, bulimia includes compensatory behaviors intended to rid the body of the excess calories. (medscape.com)
  • Most often, a stepped approach is used to treat bulimia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As new therapies to treat bulimia are introduced, their potential adverse effects must be taken into account. (medscape.com)
  • It can be concluded that short-term focal IPT may be a new method to treat bulimia nervosa. (custom-essay.org)
  • Valenzuela F, Lock J, Le Grange D, Bohon C. Comorbid depressive symptoms and self-esteem improve after either cognitive-behavioural therapy or family-based treatment for adolescent bulimia nervosa. (medscape.com)
  • The signs and symptoms of bulimia nervosa can be behavioral, emotional and physical. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of bulimia nervosa? (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The physical symptoms of bulimia nervosa can include dental issues. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • What are the symptoms of bulimia nervosa in a child? (rochester.edu)
  • The symptoms of bulimia nervosa may look like other health problems. (rochester.edu)
  • If you notice symptoms of bulimia in your child, you can help by getting a diagnosis and treatment early. (rochester.edu)
  • Bulimia nervosa and BED treatments can be delivered in a variety of settings and levels of care, and reduction of symptoms is generally considered the first goal of therapy. (frontiersin.org)
  • Women in remission were recruited to avoid potentially confounding effects of electrolyte disturbances or recent extreme fluctuations in metabolic state that are present in women with current symptoms of bulimia nervosa. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • Bulimia nervosa affects people assigned female at birth more often than people assigned male at birth. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Bulimia nervosa affects mainly adolescents and young adults. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Nicole Scherzinger takes pride in her recovery from bulimia. (inquisitr.com)
  • Our industry-leading team of mental health practitioners provide the treatment you need to make a full recovery from bulimia. (lifeworkscommunity.com)
  • However, if the disease is severe or if there are multiple illnesses being dealt with, a bulimia treatment center may be needed for the best possible chance at recovery. (healthyplace.com)
  • Inpatient bulimia treatment centers are less common and are for more severe forms of bulimia. (healthyplace.com)
  • Rarely, people with severe bulimia have eaten raw meat, dog food, or food from other people's rubbish bins. (eating-disorders.org.uk)
  • Bulimia nervosa is a serious condition that can cause extremely severe medical consequences if left untreated. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • Since bulimia can cause severe wear on the teeth, we may need to rebuild them to their original height. (irvinedentalcare.com)
  • Between 1% and 2% of people will experience bulimia during any given year. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Yet, very little attention has been given to learning about the ways in which women from diverse racial/cultural backgrounds experience bulimia. (umd.edu)
  • Conditions like anorexia, bulimia and binge-eating can be devastating to young people and their families, affecting relationships and causing serious physical harm. (medworm.com)
  • Bulimia" is a word we also use to describe episodes of binge eating with purging in patients with anorexia. (eating-disorders.org.uk)
  • People with bulimia engage in a cycle of binge eating and then purging to undo the effects of eating and prevent weight gain. (rxwiki.com)
  • In bulimia nervosa, as in binge-eating syndrome, frequent episodes of binge eating are linked with emotional distress and a sense of loss of control. (medscape.com)
  • Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent and distressing binge eating episodes marked by the consumption of a large amount of food in a brief period and feeling out of control while doing so. (frontiersin.org)
  • Self help guide for Bulimia or binge eating, using effective CBT strategies. (getselfhelp.co.uk)
  • Binge eating can occur in the same way as bulimia, but there is no use of weight-controlling strategies such as vomiting, laxatives, over-exercise, and individuals are often over-weight. (getselfhelp.co.uk)
  • People with bulimia nervosa have repeated episodes of binge eating. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Researchers have found that in bulimia nervosa, binge eating and fasting aberrantly influence a signal in the brain's striatum for "control-related surprises" affecting the ability to modify a current behavior. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • Researchers led by 2020 BBRF Young Investigator Laura A. Berner, Ph.D. , of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, note that in their alternation between extremes of "overcontrolled intake" (e.g., dietary restriction or fasting) and "disinhibited intake" (e.g., binge eating), people with bulimia appear to have an aberration in brain mechanisms that normally allow people to flexibly exert cognitive control to optimally match their metabolic state. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • Inpatient or residential bulimia treatment centers are typically freestanding buildings or part of a hospital dedicated to the treatment of eating and other associated disorders. (healthyplace.com)
  • Inpatient bulimia treatment facilities are often chosen when the patient has tried several types of outpatient treatment without success. (healthyplace.com)
  • Outpatient vs. inpatient bulimia treatment center care is also largely driven by cost, as inpatient care is often prohibitively expensive for those whose insurance will not cover it. (healthyplace.com)
  • Inpatient bulimia treatment centers can be extremely costly at, on average in the United States, $30,000 a month with stays in the 3 - 6-month range. (healthyplace.com)
  • The counselor will propose the length of time you need to stay in an inpatient facility to address your bulimia nervosa. (psychguides.com)
  • Bulimia nervosa may be classified in to two types on the basis of purging behavior into purging and non-purging types. (wikidoc.org)
  • Family and learnt behavior - As mentioned learnt behavior may contribute to an increased risk of Bulimia. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • People with bulimia nervosa tend to feel very remorseful or guilty about their behavior. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Dr. Berner and colleagues have now applied this integrated approach involving mathematical modeling of behavior and functional brain imaging to study bulimia nervosa. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • The "control-related surprises" seen in women who were in remission from bulimia nervosa involve a specific kind of "prediction error" that is ultimately related to the brain's ability to know when to modify a current behavior. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that nutrition intervention, including nutritional counseling by a registered dietitian (RD), is an essential component of team treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other eating disorders (EDs) during assessment and treatment across the continuum of care. (medscape.com)
  • With bulimia, eating binges may occur as often as several times a day for many months. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If a doctor thinks a child or teen might have bulimia, they'll do an exam, take a medical history, and ask about eating, exercise habits, and emotional issues. (kidshealth.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are eating disorders associated with high rates of self-harm (SH). (medworm.com)
  • For more than 20 years, the National Eating Disorders Association has operated a phone line and online platform for people seeking help for anorexia, bulimia, and other eating disorders. (medworm.com)
  • Eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa, can negatively impact your health in different ways. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • Although Medical Mutual strives to be as comprehensive in offering benefits plans as possible, up until now, there has been no definitive information stating whether or not it covers treatment for eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa. (psychguides.com)
  • Teenagers can be susceptible to developing bulimia nervosa, particularly as eating disorders often arise during times of transition and change, such as puberty. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • Like all the other eating disorders, bulimia has serious life-threatening effects both physically and emotionally. (eating-disorders.org.uk)
  • Eating disorders like bulimia can have a devastating impact on your mental and physical health. (lifeworkscommunity.com)
  • Treatment is available to help people with bulimia gain a better self-image and return to healthier eating habits. (rxwiki.com)
  • Restrictive eating - Dieting may be a huge cause of Bulimia. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • Studies have shown that dieting and restrictive eating lead to obsessions about food which may ultimately lead to Bulimia. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • Some eating disorders do not meet all of the diagnostic criteria for specific diagnoses like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. (eatingrecoverycenter.com)
  • Unlike other eating disorders that appear to affect specific racial groups, bulimia more equally affects people of all races. (umd.edu)
  • Implications for research related to diverse families' experiences with eating disorders, policies designed to help people of all backgrounds affected by eating disorders, as well as the development of culturally sensitive therapy interventions for families affected by bulimia are discussed. (umd.edu)
  • people with bulimia nervosa try to compensate for excessive eating by purging or other means. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The results suggested that in bulimia nervosa, eating and fasting may aberrantly influence a signal in the brain's striatum for what researchers call "control-related surprises. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • Key words: Bulimia Test-Revised (BULIT-R), psychometric properties, eating disorders. (laeknabladid.is)
  • Bulimia usually affects more women than men, and often starts in the late teens or early twenties following a strict diet or stressful life event. (getselfhelp.co.uk)
  • A child with bulimia overeats or binges uncontrollably. (rochester.edu)
  • Through a case study of a triathlete who binges, and then purges through compulsive exercise, a nutrition care plan is discussed that addresses the food and weight concerns commonly expressed by athletes with bulimia. (humankinetics.com)
  • The presence of other mental health disorders can also heighten the risk of bulimia, including alcoholism and substance abuse. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • To that end, The Washington Post has written a piece separating fact from fiction with regard to Diana's struggle with bulimia. (thelist.com)
  • Many of these athletes with bulimia struggle alone, receiving no professional help for recovery. (humankinetics.com)
  • Among the many details revealed through interviews with Bam, his family and his friends, one of the most jarring discoveries is Bam's former struggle with bulimia, shared by his mother, April (transcript from PageSix ). (phillyvoice.com)
  • Most kids and teens with bulimia can be treated at home, but some will need to go to a more intensive day or residential treatment program. (kidshealth.org)
  • With the right treatment and support, kids and teens with bulimia can make a full recovery. (kidshealth.org)
  • Many bulimics are able to recover from bulimia without going to a bulimia treatment center. (healthyplace.com)
  • The level of care needed by each individual is generally assessed at the bulimia treatment facility based on the progression of the disease, previous therapies, medical conditions and other lifestyle factors. (healthyplace.com)
  • A patient in a bulimia treatment center can expect a highly individualized level of care, intense therapy, consistent reassessment and creation of future treatment plans. (healthyplace.com)
  • Treatment is typically provided in a therapist's office and many bulimia treatment facilities have common rooms for classes and activities. (healthyplace.com)
  • The most basic form of treatment offered in an outpatient bulimia treatment center tends to be one of any number of therapies which the patient might take part in once or twice a week. (healthyplace.com)
  • This type of treatment is used when bulimia is in its early stages and the patient can still control the bingeing and purging on their own. (healthyplace.com)
  • Somewhat more involved are day programs, where a patient still resides at home but spends most of their days in the bulimia treatment facility. (healthyplace.com)
  • Because bulimia treatment plans can involve multiple services from a bulimia treatment center such as therapy, mutritional counseling and psychiatric care, the costs of treating bulimia can be high. (healthyplace.com)
  • For many recovering from bulimia, their treatment plan will include a course of therapy. (lifeworkscommunity.com)
  • The case demonstrates that nutrition counseling is only one part of the treatment program, and emphasizes the importance of developing a team of health professionals to assist athletes with bulimia. (humankinetics.com)
  • Overcoming Bulimia nervosa can be very challenging so the earlier treatment starts, the better the chances are for a positive outcome. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • Provisional repairs may be necessary if you are currently undergoing treatment for bulimia, as it may take several months or even years to fully recover. (irvinedentalcare.com)
  • A teenager who suffers with bulimia can also suffer psychological disturbances, such as increased depression or suicide ideations. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • Among people who are slightly under-weight it may be hard to decide whether they suffer from bulimia nervosa or anorexia. (eating-disorders.org.uk)
  • Counseling, such as talk therapy and nutritional therapy are the first treatments for bulimia that does not respond to support groups. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The many effective treatments available for bulimia means you don't have to continue suffering with your condition. (lifeworkscommunity.com)
  • Instead, a person with bulimia is caught in a cycle of taking in a large quantity of food which is regarded as "bingeing" and then "purging", that leads to vomiting which can be induced by taking laxatives or diuretics in order to prevent gaining weight. (bentham-open.org)
  • Purging type is the more common type of bulimia, and involves any of self-induced vomiting, laxatives , diuretics , tapeworms , enemas , or ipecac , to rapidly extricate the contents from their body. (wikidoc.org)
  • Non-purging type occurs in only approximately 6%-8% of bulimia cases, as it is a less effective means of ridding the body of such a large number of calories. (wikidoc.org)
  • overeating and ultimately the cycle of bingeing and purging that is the foundational symptom of bulimia nervosa. (humankinetics.com)
  • Bulimia is characterized by patterns of bingeing and purging. (eatingrecoverycenter.com)
  • The severity of bulimia is determined by the number of times a week that you purge . (rxwiki.com)
  • Many people with bulimia also have anorexia . (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with bulimia are often at a normal weight, but they may see themselves as being overweight. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with bulimia (boo-LEE-mee-uh) often eat large amounts of food over short periods of time ( binge eat ). (kidshealth.org)
  • Not all people with bulimia have significant weight changes. (kidshealth.org)
  • People with bulimia are usually ashamed and try to hide what they are doing. (kidshealth.org)
  • People with bulimia are usually at a normal, healthy weight. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • People with bulimia nervosa usually have a normal weight. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • People with bulimia nervosa binge eat and then purge, or try to get rid of the food or weight. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • People with bulimia have the tendency to consume large amounts of food in a short period of time. (bentham-open.org)
  • The average is once daily, with the number of calories consumed in the binge ranging from 1,200 to 11,500 for people with typical bulimia. (eating-disorders.org.uk)
  • At Life Works, we provide people struggling with bulimia the help and support they need to regain control of their lives. (lifeworkscommunity.com)
  • People with bulimia may have an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of body weight. (rxwiki.com)
  • People with bulimia usually appear to have a normal body weight. (rxwiki.com)
  • Approximately 80% of people with bulimia are girls and women. (rxwiki.com)
  • According to statistics (ANAD), most people with bulimia fall within a somewhat normal weight range. (aweighout.com)
  • Ironically, most people with Bulimia tend to be either overweight or fall within 10% of their normal body weight, and rarely attain the skinny figures that they desire and aim for. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • Also as in anorexia nervosa, most people who have bulimia nervosa are young women who are deeply concerned about body shape and weight. (msdmanuals.com)
  • People with bulimia nervosa may have scars on their knuckles from using their fingers to make themselves vomit. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Unlike in anorexia nervosa, the body weight of people with bulimia nervosa tends to fluctuate around normal. (msdmanuals.com)
  • This research is a case study of an adolescent who suffered from Bulimia Nervosa. (bvsalud.org)
  • It is common for bulimia to return (relapse), and this is no cause for despair. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bulimia is an unhealthy way to try to cope with emotional problems, and it can be very difficult to overcome. (rxwiki.com)
  • Samantha Aldana's Shapeless (2021), co-written and starring Kelly Murtagh who brought her own experience of bulimia to the film, is undeniably brave and compelling. (awfj.org)
  • In this article when we use the word "bulimia" we are referring to the bulimia of normal or excessive weight. (eating-disorders.org.uk)
  • Some family members, teachers, coaches, and trusted friends may mistake bulimia for a "fad" that teenagers will "grow out of", but the reality is that bulimia can result in detrimental physical and emotional consequences, including death. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • Many more women than men have bulimia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Is childhood trauma associated with lifetime suicide attempts in women with bulimia nervosa? (medscape.com)
  • Genetics - Research suggests that women with a Bulimic family member are more likely to develop Bulimia than the average women. (aktuelpsikoloji.com)
  • A dangerous and possibly deadly new trend among diabetic women, known as diabetic bulimia or diabulimia, is misusing insulin in order to lose weight. (battlediabetes.com)
  • Thus, the present qualitative study explored the question: How do young African American, Latina, and Caucasian women describe their experiences with bulimia within their racial, cultural, and familial contexts? (umd.edu)
  • Open-ended, in-person interviews were conducted with 33 young adult women (ages 18-30) who self-identified as African American, Latina, or Caucasian and who experienced bulimia while living with a parent. (umd.edu)
  • Questions were based on sensitizing concepts taken from feminist and family systems theories, and encouraged women to explore their perceptions of how their racial, cultural, and familial contexts influenced their experiences with bulimia. (umd.edu)
  • They acquired data for 22 women who were in remission from bulimia and 20 matched controls with no psychiatric or metabolic disorders. (bbrfoundation.org)
  • Two subtypes of bulimia are distinguished by the way the bulimic relieves themselves of the binge. (wikidoc.org)
  • To be diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, you must meet criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association. (rxwiki.com)
  • Bulimia can cause serious stomach, heart, and kidney problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • Bulimia is a long-term illness. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bulimia is a condition similar to Anorexia since it is also a mental illness concerned about resistance to gaining weight. (bentham-open.org)
  • Le Grange D, Lock J. Treating Bulimia in Adolescents- A Family Based Approach . (medscape.com)
  • L'indice de masse corporelle moyen était plus élevé en 2010 uniquement dans le groupe des adolescents de 16 à 18 ans. (who.int)
  • Typically, bulimia damages the backs of your teeth first, which may cause significant harm that is not immediately visible. (irvinedentalcare.com)
  • A teen can be at a healthy weight or even overweight and still be ill with bulimia, which may encourage them to hide their condition for years. (eatingdisorderhope.com)
  • Interpersonal therapy (IPT) for bulimia nervosa is a type of individual psychotherapy. (custom-essay.org)
  • This essay on Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Bulimia Nervosa was written by a student just like you. (custom-essay.org)