Building Codes: Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.Genetic Code: The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).Plague: An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Yersinia pestis: The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Hospitals, Private: A class of hospitals that includes profit or not-for-profit hospitals that are controlled by a legal entity other than a government agency. (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed)Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Catheters: A flexible, tubular device that is used to carry fluids into or from a blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Cat-Scratch Disease: A self-limiting bacterial infection of the regional lymph nodes caused by AFIPIA felis, a gram-negative bacterium recently identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and by BARTONELLA HENSELAE. It usually arises one or more weeks following a feline scratch, with raised inflammatory nodules at the site of the scratch being the primary symptom.Bartonella henselae: A species of gram-negative bacteria that is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY). This organism can also be a cause of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.Gram-Negative Bacteria: Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Gram-Positive Bacteria: Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Medical Secretaries: Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Environmental Illness: A polysymptomatic condition believed by clinical ecologists to result from immune dysregulation induced by common foods, allergens, and chemicals, resulting in various physical and mental disorders. The medical community has remained largely skeptical of the existence of this "disease", given the plethora of symptoms attributed to environmental illness, the lack of reproducible laboratory abnormalities, and the use of unproven therapies to treat the condition. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Energy-Generating Resources: Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Wireless Technology: Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Phenolphthaleins: A family of 3,3-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)phthalides. They are used as CATHARTICS, indicators, and COLORING AGENTS.Human Body: The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Electric Injuries: Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.Earth (Planet): Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Achieving compliance with pool fencing legislation in New Zealand: a survey of regulatory authorities. (1/24)

OBJECTIVES: To identify the status of compliance and enforcement of New Zealand's Fencing of Swimming Pools Act (FOSP Act), 10 years after its introduction, and to identify methods for improving both compliance with the act and the process of enforcement. METHODS: A postal questionnaire was sent to all 74 authorities in New Zealand in which they were asked questions about their enforcement of the FOSP Act. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 12 authorities to supplement the data obtained in the postal survey. RESULTS: Based on responses to the survey, it was estimated that there are over 59,000 domestic swimming pools in New Zealand, giving rates of 46 pools/1000 dwellings and 16 pools/1000 persons. The authorities reported that 44% of pools complied with the act, and a further 4% had been granted exemptions. Nineteen per cent of pools were reported to not comply with the act, and the compliance status of a further 33% was not known, or not stated by the authority. Only 9% of authorities had procedures for locating and inspecting pools, while 28% had a programme of reinspection to ensure that pools continued to comply. Pool owner resistance was considered to be the main difficulty with enforcing the act, and nearly half of the authorities believed publicity or education was needed to overcome these barriers. Fifty two per cent of authorities had publicized the act during the 12 months preceding the survey. CONCLUSIONS: Due to ambiguities within the legislation, and differing levels of commitment by authorities to locate pools and monitor compliance, compliance with the FOSP Act is not consistent nationally. If the act were less ambiguous, there would be greater consistency and more enforcement.  (+info)

America's affordable housing crisis: a contract unfulfilled. (2/24)

For many poor Americans, having a decent home and suitable living environment remains a dream. This lack of adequate housing is not only a burden for many of the poor, but it is harmful to the larger society as well, because of the adverse effects of inadequate housing on public health. Not only is the failure to provide adequate housing shortsighted from a policy perspective, but it is also a failure to live up to societal obligations. There is a societal obligation to meet the housing needs of everyone, including the most disadvantaged. Housing assistance must become a federally-funded entitlement.  (+info)

Housing and health: time again for public health action. (3/24)

Poor housing conditions are associated with a wide range of health conditions, including respiratory infections, asthma, lead poisoning, injuries, and mental health. Addressing housing issues offers public health practitioners an opportunity to address an important social determinant of health. Public health has long been involved in housing issues. In the 19th century, health officials targeted poor sanitation, crowding, and inadequate ventilation to reduce infectious diseases as well as fire hazards to decrease injuries. Today, public health departments can employ multiple strategies to improve housing, such as developing and enforcing housing guidelines and codes, implementing "Healthy Homes" programs to improve indoor environmental quality, assessing housing conditions, and advocating for healthy, affordable housing. Now is the time for public health to create healthier homes by confronting substandard housing.  (+info)

Fire fatalities among children: an analysis across Philadelphia's census tracts. (4/24)

OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the possible causes of high levels of residential fire deaths to children younger than 15 years of age in Philadelphia from 1989 to 2000. METHODS: The authors analyzed 246 deaths from 146 residential fires by census tract in Philadelphia using both individual level data and aggregate level data drawn from the records of the Fire Marshall's Office. Death rates by age and sex were calculated using the 1990 Census. Data on fires from official records were combined with aggregate level data by census tract from the 1990 Census and analyzed using logistic regression. Newspaper articles on the fires analyzed were used to identify residences with possible fire code violations. The authors used data from the Philadelphia Bureau of Licenses and Inspections to provide evidence of code violations. RESULTS: The statistically significant variables that resulted from the logistic regression were census tracts in the highest quartile for low income households, census tracts in the highest quartile for single-parent households with children younger than age 18, census tracts in the highest quartile for houses built before 1939, and the number of children younger than 15 years of age in a census tract. CONCLUSION: Population characteristics by census tract are useful in identifying risk factors for residential fire deaths of children. Census tracts identified as at highest risk can provide fire prevention units with opportunities to take preventative measures such as the distribution of smoke detectors, and the education of residents about the dangers of careless smoking and planning for the rescue of children in the event of a fire.  (+info)

The built environment and its relationship to the public's health: the legal framework. (5/24)

The built environment significantly affects the public's health. This was most obvious when infectious disease was the primary public health threat during the industrial revolution; unsanitary conditions and overcrowded urban areas facilitated the spread of infection. However, even today in the age of chronic diseases there remains an important connection between population health and the built environment. Physical spaces can expose people to toxins or pollutants and influence lifestyles that contribute to diabetes, coronary vascular disease, and asthma. Public health advocates can help shape the design of cities and suburbs in ways that improve public health, but to do so effectively they need to understand the legal framework. This article reviews the connection between public health and the built environment and then describes the legal pathways for improving the design of our built environment.  (+info)

Childhood injuries due to falls from apartment balconies and windows. (6/24)

BACKGROUND: Falls from balconies and windows are an important cause of childhood injury. This study investigated the circumstances around such falls and attempted to identify possible measures for their prevention. POPULATION: Children <15 years living in Dallas County, Texas. METHODS: Each child treated because of a fall from a building in 1997-99 had information about the injury collected, and a parent was contacted to obtain further information. For apartment related falls, an attempt was made to visit the apartment to measure windows and balcony rails. RESULTS: Ninety eight children were injured in falls from buildings during the three year period; 39 (40%) were admitted to hospital. Seventy five of the falls (77%) involved apartments, and most occurred around noon or evening meal times. Among apartment falls, 39 (52%) fell from windows, 34 (45%) from balconies, and two (3%) from unknown sites. For more than two thirds of balcony related falls, the child fell from between the balcony rails, all of which were spaced more than 4 inches (10 cm) apart. On-site measurement showed the rails were an average of 7.5 inches (19 cm) apart; all of these apartments were built before 1984. For more than two thirds of window related falls, the window was situated within 2 feet (61 cm) of the floor. CONCLUSIONS: Two factors are important in falls from apartment windows and balconies: balcony rails more than 4 inches (10 cm) apart, and windows positioned low to the floor. Current building codes do not apply to older apartments, where most of these falls occurred. Nevertheless, these factors may be amenable to environmental modifications that may prevent most of these falls.  (+info)

Exposure to lead and length of time needed to make homes lead-safe for young children. (7/24)

OBJECTIVES: We determined the length of time needed to make homes lead-safe in a population of children aged 0 to 6 years with blood lead levels (BLLs) of 20 micrograms per deciliter (mug/dL) or greater. Reducing this time would reduce children's exposure to lead. METHODS: Data came from the Wisconsin Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program's comprehensive blood lead surveillance system. Analysis was restricted to children whose first BLL test value during 1996-1999 was between 20 and 40 mug/dL and for whom housing intervention data were available (n=382). RESULTS: The median length of time required to make a home lead-safe was 465 days. Only 18% of children lived in homes that were made lead-safe within 6 months; 45% lived in homes requiring more than 18 months to be lead-safe. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts are needed to reduce the time it takes to make a home lead-safe. Although abatement orders always include time limits, improved compliance with the orders must be enforced. Greater emphasis should be placed on securing lead-safe or lead-free housing for families, thus reducing lead exposure.  (+info)

Current state of the science: health effects and indoor environmental quality. (8/24)

Our understanding of the relationship between human health and the indoor environment continues to evolve. Previous research on health and indoor environments has tended to concentrate on discrete pollutant sources and exposures and on specific disease processes. Recently, efforts have been made to characterize more fully the complex interactions between the health of occupants and the interior spaces they inhabit. In this article we review recent advances in source characterization, exposure assessment, health effects associated with indoor exposures, and intervention research related to indoor environments. Advances in source characterization include a better understanding of how chemicals are transported and processed within spaces and the role that other factors such as lighting and building design may play in determining health. Efforts are under way to improve our ability to measure exposures, but this remains a challenge, particularly for biological agents. Researchers are also examining the effects of multiple exposures as well as the effects of exposures on vulnerable populations such as children and the elderly. In addition, a number of investigators are also studying the effects of modifying building design, materials, and operations on occupant health. Identification of research priorities should include input from building designers, operators, and the public health community.  (+info)

  • Change to Exam Schedule Information: Beginning with the November 5, 2018 Exam, OEDM will be testing only to the newly adopted codes. (ct.gov)
  • City of Berkeley officials on Thursday released the architectural and structural renderings used to construct Library Gardens at 2020 Kittredge St., and there was no "smoking gun" that revealed a design flaw that might have led to Tuesday's balcony collapse that killed six people and injured seven others. (berkeleyside.com)
  • As the construction industry moves to a single set of international building codes, architects and construction professionals need an interpretive guide to understand how the building code affects the early design of specific projects. (wiley.com)
  • The book provides architects, engineers, and other related building professionals with an understanding of how the International Residential Code was developed, and how it is likely to be interpreted when applied to the design and construction of residential buildings. (wiley.com)
  • The design for the balconies and their connection to the building appear to have been done correctly, according to Gene St. Onge, a civil and structural engineer in Oakland who reviewed the drawings. (berkeleyside.com)
  • The city of Berkeley is still investigating the cause of the collapse and will look at everything, from the design to the construction to maintenance after the building opened, said Matthai Chakko, a city spokesman. (berkeleyside.com)
  • A hazard is a natural or man-made event that has the potential to cause impacts to people, buildings, infrastructure, agriculture, environmental assets and communities. (ga.gov.au)
  • Exposure refers to the elements at risk from a natural or man-made hazard event. (ga.gov.au)
  • Understanding what is exposed to a hazard event through readily available, comprehensive and consistent national exposure information allows the Australian Government, state and territory jurisdictions and emergency management and planning agencies to make informed, evidence-based decisions to prepare, respond and recover from any events. (ga.gov.au)
  • Information on the vulnerability of buildings and infrastructure has been developed in countries such as the United States and in Europe, but different building techniques, standards and materials adopted in Australia require significant model calibration and testing under Australian conditions. (ga.gov.au)
  • The Office of Education and Data Management (OEDM) administers all aspects of the credentialing exams for the Office of the State Building Inspector, including the tests for the Pre-Licensure Training Program and the licensure exams offered each quarter (Quarterly Exams). (ct.gov)
  • Our office works with the State Building Inspector to review Quarterly Exam applications. (ct.gov)
  • For a long time the manufacturer said its Bituthene products were self-sealing, said Lloyd Dinkelspiel, a former building inspector for the city of Brentwood who also worked for a construction defect company. (berkeleyside.com)
  • Weather-related disasters in the U.S. caused more than $300 billion in damages in 2017 alone , making it the most costly year on record. (nrdc.org)
  • And advanced planning for hazard mitigation saves money: a 2017 study found that the nation saves $4 for every dollar invested in select improvements that exceed the model building code. (nrdc.org)
  • Building permits must be paid for and issued prior to April 1, 2017. (citywindsor.ca)
  • Most recently, the committees completed their review of the 2015 International Codes and the 2017 National Electrical Code. (nctcog.org)
  • If you purchased your iClicker 2 remote for a UMass Amherst course after August 2017, it comes bundled with a 5-year subscription for iClicker REEF which can be redeemed using the enclosed access code. (umass.edu)
  • Orbitouch turns the keyboard into two color-coded pads where users just slide the knobs to choose their keys. (redferret.net)
  • All the scans will then be combined into a single, color-coded image that leaves no doubt as to what is being shown. (uh.edu)
  • Recycled materials - Study code and adopt changes. (wa.gov)
  • Renewable energy systems - Study code and adopt changes. (wa.gov)
  • Nightclubs - Automatic sprinkler system - Building code council shall adopt rules. (wa.gov)
  • DOE also provides technical assistance to states and localities as they adopt and enforce energy codes . (wbdg.org)
  • A new study by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) could be instrumental to its effort to persuade states and localities to adopt up-to-date building codes. (iii.org)
  • The study is part of FEMA's broader effort to reduce the growing cost of natural disasters by convincing states and municipalities to adopt post-2000 building codes. (iii.org)
  • This is perfectly valid code, but using it is not recommended - it is much easier to read the code and work out what is going on if you use the curly braces to delimit the blocks of code, and use multiple lines and indentation. (mozilla.org)
  • They have synthesized a bacterium's entire chromosome from its chemical building blocks. (npr.org)
  • Scientists have already assembled virus genomes from chemical building blocks. (npr.org)
  • This entire process started with four bottles of chemicals, containing what's represented by A, C, T and G," he said, referring to the chemical building blocks of DNA. (npr.org)
  • Jeff Kempiners, .Net solutions practice director at Avanade Canada in Toronto, says Enterprise Library unifies a number of building blocks created by Microsoft's patterns and practices group. (itbusiness.ca)
  • Both are designed to help developers use pre-written code blocks for common functions such as security, logging and exception handling and spend less time writing ""plumbing"" code, he said. (itbusiness.ca)
  • Doug Caldwell, Indigo's chief technology officer, describes the library as ""a set of Lego building blocks that I can use to build my Web site. (itbusiness.ca)
  • BPI Sports: BLOX Building Blocks! (ebay.com)
  • It contains information for numerous build targets, many of which are building blocks to more useful target, and others which are primarily used by the FOP developers. (apache.org)
  • Residential buildings moved into a city or county - Applicability of building codes and electrical installation requirements. (wa.gov)
  • For residential buildings, PNNL utilized two base prototypes to simulate both Single-family detached house, and Multi-family low-rise apartment building types. (energycodes.gov)
  • A key part of that equation is a strong building code, one that requires construction practices that help ensure that new buildings are resilient in the face of these events. (nrdc.org)
  • He said the storm took out his house built in the mid-80s as well as newer buildings put up recently. (deseretnews.com)
  • Energy codes and standards set minimum efficiency requirements for new and renovated buildings , assuring reductions in energy use and emissions over the life of the building. (wbdg.org)
  • Such a code can have significant flexibility to reflect variations across building types and can even cover existing or historic buildings. (wbdg.org)
  • Most importantly, it can address all energy used in buildings and provide a metric to determine the actual quality of the building construction. (wbdg.org)
  • ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1 Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (commercial buildings) and the International Energy Conservation Code (commercial and residential buildings) are the most commonly adopted energy codes. (wbdg.org)
  • Other codes and standards also have been developed including ASHRAE Standard 90.2 Energy Efficient Design of Low-Rise Residential Buildings . (wbdg.org)
  • This agreement grants PEC the ability to use ICC's 2015 International Building Code, International Zoning Code and Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities to modernize Pakistan's building code. (iccsafe.org)
  • The study, titled Building Codes Save: A Nationwide Study of Loss Prevention , quantifies the physical and economic losses associated with flooding, hurricanes, and earthquakes that have been avoided due to buildings being constructed according to modern, hazard-resistant building codes and standards. (iii.org)
  • Most of them are revised where there are new chapters on high-rise, seismically isolated, cold-formed steel and wooden buildings within the code. (preventionweb.net)
  • While the world - including the building safety community - continues to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, there is recognition that risks to buildings and communities caused by increasingly intense severe weather events do not disappear and must continue to be addressed. (iccsafe.org)
  • Following a devastating bushfire season in Australia and on the cusp of the summer hurricane season, the launch of the global resiliency dialogue represents a commitment by the four organizations to collaborate in the development of building codes that draw on both building science and climate science to improve the resilience of buildings and communities to intensifying risks from weather-related natural hazards. (iccsafe.org)
  • In addition to collaborating to support research initiatives and information sharing that will help promote more resilient buildings, the group is now embarking on the development of international building resilience guidelines, designed to be globally applicable. (iccsafe.org)
  • The opportunity to share information, experience and development of building code content and standards for natural hazards that are common to each country, can help create more resilient buildings, as well as contribute to mitigating the environmental impacts of buildings. (iccsafe.org)
  • Michel Dumoulin, Vice-President, Engineering at the National Research Council of Canada, noted "We are committed to ensuring our buildings and infrastructure are built to be resilient, and remain dedicated to this through our support for the initiative and the exchange of international best practices that will benefit our partners across the globe. (iccsafe.org)
  • Buildings must conform to the code to obtain planning permission, usually from a local council. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main purpose of building codes is to protect public health, safety and general welfare as they relate to the construction and occupancy of buildings and structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Except as otherwise provided in the Uniform Code, other state law, or other section of this chapter, all buildings, structures, and premises, regardless of use or occupancy, are subject to the provisions this chapter. (ecode360.com)
  • Our message in this issue is to emphasise that while our Building Codes provide a good safeguard against poor performance and shoddy work practices, they are not designed or intended to reward designers and builders for going the extra yard to deliver better performing buildings. (csr.com.au)
  • While it's acknowledged that higher performing buildings may cost a little more (in some cases they cost the same or less), long term analysis such as total cost of ownership (or NPV) provides a better picture of the real cost of a building. (csr.com.au)
  • This newest addition to Wiley's series of focused guides familiarizes code users with the 2009 International Residential Code® (IRC) as it applies to residential buildings. (wiley.com)
  • The book provides architects, engineers, and other related building professionals with an understanding of how the International Residential Code was developed, and how it is likely to be interpreted when applied to the design and construction of residential buildings. (wiley.com)
  • Washington, D.C. - The Australian Building Codes Board, the National Research Council of Canada, New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, and International Code Council today publicly released the statement of outcomes that emerged from the recently-launched global initiative on building resilience. (iccsafe.org)
  • Neil Savery, Chief Executive of the Australian Building Codes Board added, "In supporting the outcomes statement, the ABCB leadership committed to continued collaboration with its colleagues from America, New Zealand and Canada. (iccsafe.org)
  • Energy-related building standards: Chapter 19.27A RCW. (wa.gov)
  • The International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) prototype building models (prototype models) were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), in support of DOE's Building Energy Codes Program (BECP), to simulate energy savings associated with changes in energy codes and standards. (energycodes.gov)
  • But it wasn't until 2007 that homes built in the Panhandle more than one mile from shore were required to follow the higher standards. (deseretnews.com)
  • Effective January 1, 2016, The 2015 Edition of the IBC, The 2015 Edition of the IRC, The 2015 IECC (International Energy Conservation Code) and the Maryland Building Performance Standards will be applicable to permits applied for after December 31, 2015. (cityoffrederick.com)
  • NCBCS also will promote increased understanding and communications among architects and engineers, builders, manufacturers, product vendors, voluntary standards organizations, users, government agencies and other sectors of the building community. (nibs.org)
  • Include a broadened definition of family that 1) provides zoning code occupancy standards specific to unrelated adults and 2) complies with fair housing law. (ca.gov)
  • As of January 1, 2011, California requires adherence to the 2010 California Green Building Standards Code, affectionately known as CalGreen. (homeenergy.org)
  • CalGreen is a separate code body from the current California Energy Code, officially titled 2008 Building Energy Efficiency Standards (commonly referred to as Title 24), but the two are complementary. (homeenergy.org)
  • The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) was established in 1991 (originally called the Building Standards and Guidelines Program), with its activities defined by the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) (Pub. (wikipedia.org)
  • At Orderline we know the hardest part about building codes and standards shouldn't be buying them. (orderline.com)
  • That's why for over ten years Orderline has been committed to providing quick, easy, 24-hour access to codes and standards for building-industry professionals. (orderline.com)
  • In some countries building codes are developed by the government agencies or quasi-governmental standards organizations and then enforced across the country by the central government. (wikipedia.org)
  • We could enter into a new design phase of biology, by actually constructing chromosomes of a more specific nature for a more specific purpose," he said in a telephone news briefing. (npr.org)
  • The design of a reusable component must consider all the ways in which it will be used in the future, and the code then must be written to work in all those situations without unduly compromising on what is needed in any of them. (itbusiness.ca)
  • This article provides an overview of the two codes and compares the quantity limits and design requirements imposed by those codes. (aiche.org)
  • 3. After saving the design elements, html and css code files should be generated which are able to produce exactly the same design as per the user selection. (webdeveloper.com)
  • Never miss a story from Design with code , when you sign up for Medium. (medium.com)
  • This is accomplished by design and manufacture methods according to the invention, which includes a method to reduce standby power of reference voltage generators and a method to avoid the alpha particle. (google.com)
  • Prior to even starting code review, it is important to steer teams toward sound design decisions. (mediatemple.net)
  • To some extent, other disciplines have recognized this and built it into their design process. (cfd-online.com)
  • Then, that engineer will know how to use this code (or not) to design the product. (cfd-online.com)
  • I used a commercial CFD code to design a product. (cfd-online.com)
  • The MDG is published by The Masonry Society and contains an extensive number of design examples that illustrate the proper application of the MSJC Code and Specification requirements. (ambrico.com)
  • Completion of this form is required by COMM 3.03(2) to request a variance from a building code or for approval of alternative design, which is not in strict conformance with the letter of the code but meets the intent of the code. (findforms.com)
  • The Salt Lake Tribune then picked up and expanded upon the story , reporting that the practice of expelling rape victims for violations of the university's honor code dates back decades. (slate.com)
  • The practice of developing, approving, and enforcing building codes varies considerably among nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • This practice inevitably slows down the next person that needs to refactor the code as well as, in many cases, decreases code readability and propagates meaningless, stale comments throughout the codebase. (mediatemple.net)
  • An IBHS study conducted after Hurricane Charley in 2004 found that improvements to the building code adopted in response to the damage done by Hurricane Andrew resulted in a 60 percent reduction in the number of residential property damage claims and a 42 percent reduction in the cost of those claims. (nrdc.org)
  • certain documents, known as the "International Building Code" and "International Residential Code" (2012 Editions), recommended by the International Code Council, and printed in book or pamphlet form, are hereby adopted, insofar as said codes do not conflict with the statutes of the State of Nebraska, and the City ordinances. (ecode360.com)
  • One copy of the International Building Code and the International Residential Code shall be on file at the office of the Municipal Clerk and available for public inspection at any reasonable time. (ecode360.com)
  • All residential building permit applications submitted after December 31, 2016 need to follow the new energy guidelines identified in Chapter 3 of Supplementary Standard SB-12 "Energy Efficiency for Housing" as amended on July 7, 2016. (citywindsor.ca)
  • In the USA the main codes are the International Commercial or Residential Code [ICC/IRC], electrical codes and plumbing, mechanical codes. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are other codes, laws and ordinances that apply, such as the City Zoning Ordinance, City Flood Plain Ordinance, Maryland State Boiler Code, Maryland State Elevator Code, Maryland State Safety Glazing Code and MDE requirements for pollution point sources and fuel tanks. (cityoffrederick.com)
  • And yet a recent study of 18 coastal states by the Insurance Institute for Business and Home Safety (IBHS) found that an alarming number of states have recently taken steps to relax their building codes rather than strengthen them, by taking steps to update codes less frequently or make codes less stringent. (nrdc.org)
  • More stringent prescriptive requirements for metal building roofs and walls, fenestration, and opaque doors. (bdcnetwork.com)
  • Committee members set priorities, developed operational documents, created the Technical Committees, appointed chairpersons, and advised the Technical Committees on the MAHC process and objectives. (cdc.gov)
  • Coding these spinners can be a lengthy process when you take the customization into account. (makeuseof.com)
  • Hugo Caselles-Dupré, Pierre Fautrel, and Gauthier Vernier make something called algorithmic art and, in the process, they also make headline news. (purple.fr)
  • But even if machine learning will never replace our most poignant emotions and creations, it will surely do some of the more tedious things that need to be done in the process of making art and/or love. (purple.fr)
  • But process is a lot when it comes to making art or love. (purple.fr)
  • With the growing amount of sequence data available and the ongoing efforts largely dependent on protein-coding DNA alignments, there is an increasing demand for a tool that can process a large number of homologous groups and generate multiple protein-coding DNA alignments. (nih.gov)
  • It should not ordinarily be needed, but may be helpful if you are having problems with the build process itself. (apache.org)
  • In between working on new code and fixing bugs, one of the things we've started working on is that process. (kickstarter.com)
  • These free step-by-step video guides walk you through the entire process of building custom database applications on our market-leading low-code development platform. (caspio.com)
  • The goal is to enable the user to seamlessly collect accurate data and make good decisions about the quality of the part and the process. (mmsonline.com)
  • The build process is driven by an Ant based configuration. (jboss.org)
  • script to kickoff the build process. (jboss.org)
  • What I'm referring to is a situation in which there has to be a product at the end of the process, not a code development effort, or a pure research environment. (cfd-online.com)
  • The process of making sugar is called photosynthesis (photo-syn-the-sis). (answers.com)
  • the process of making energy from leaves is called Photosynthesis, where the laves make energy from the sun's light. (answers.com)
  • The process of making mRNA from a DNA template is called transcription. (answers.com)
  • Participating in the law-making process is explicitly a democratic endeavor, probably the most central one. (answers.com)
  • Process involved making a liquid become a solid is freezing the liquid. (answers.com)
  • Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. - Most of the DNA in the nucleus of each of our cells is converted into RNA, but only a small fraction of these RNA molecules serve as coding templates for the synthesis of proteins. (scienceblog.com)
  • After these nanostructures are produced, they are then coated in proteins that bond only with certain types of cells, such as those that make up a ligament or a specific internal organ. (uh.edu)
  • Algorithm / pseudo-code to create paging links? (stackoverflow.com)
  • Let's ignore the edge case of a single page and make a good first attempt at the algorithm: (As has been mentioned, the code to actually print out the links would be more complicated. (stackoverflow.com)
  • Creating a sample set consisting of thousands of portraits and an algorithm to sort them, then assigning aesthetic value to each of them, the collaborators "caused" (I guess that's how you'd have to put it) the creation of a work entitled Portrait of Edmond de Belamy . (purple.fr)
  • In states with codes prior to and including the 2000 IECC or Standard 90.1-1999, those states with no statewide energy code, and home rule states which did not specifically request that another code be used, Standard 90.1-1999 was used as the baseline for comparison. (energycodes.gov)
  • The code will be formatted as four numbers (1000 or 2000), and then another set of four numbers (as examples 2000-0142 and 2000-0146). (dell.com)
  • The error code the self-diagnostics tool provides, is formatted as four numbers (1000 or 2000), and then another set of four numbers. (dell.com)
  • The results, which include estimated typical energy savings of updating each state's code to the 2009 IECC, are provided in chapters specific to each state. (energycodes.gov)
  • The pending honor code violation not only impeded the state's sexual assault prosecution , but Barney got a letter in March from BYU's lawyers indicating that she would be blocked from enrolling in any more classes "until the Honor Code issues are resolved. (slate.com)
  • It is intended to reward teams of software developers for making apps that use public data collected by government agencies like the Secretary of State's office. (xconomy.com)
  • That data can show important trends, said Brian Gryth, program manager of the Secretary of State's Business Intelligence Center and a Go Code Colorado organizer. (xconomy.com)
  • A home with more insulation, better windows, and a tighter building envelope will stay warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer, even if there's a power outage and no electricity for heating or cooling. (nrdc.org)
  • Building permit application - Consideration - Requirements. (wa.gov)
  • Building permit application - Evidence of adequate water supply - Authority of a county or city to impose additional requirements - Applicability - Exemption - Groundwater withdrawal authorized under RCW 90.44.050 . (wa.gov)
  • A strong building code, with requirements like designing for higher wind speeds or mandating more insulation to keep homes comfortable during dangerous heat waves or cold snaps, could literally mean the difference between life and death. (nrdc.org)
  • It is expected that limited data will prevent the other committees from making concrete, data-based decisions on removal rate requirements, but those areas may become topics for future research. (cdc.gov)
  • Performance-based codes are designed to achieve particular results, rather than meeting prescribed requirements for individual building components. (wbdg.org)
  • Regardless of any possible future proposal to improve building codes, CSR's research has identified some simple steps to exceed building code requirements and improve the performance of any building to make it healthier, more comfortable and efficient to operate. (csr.com.au)
  • So please do not say bad things about commercial codes, but rather work with commercial codes companies to improve and change their product to fit your requirements. (cfd-online.com)
  • But recent legislative action in storm-prone states including Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana has attempted to make the building codes weaker, not stronger, largely at the behest of home builders who see the upfront costs of these life-saving updates as "too expensive. (nrdc.org)
  • Independent developers and in-house IT departments are still not writing a lot of reusable code, says DeMichillie - largely because it simply takes more work. (itbusiness.ca)
  • Faced with the challenge of straddling both sides of this fence, while, at the same time, reaching for new strains of web-driven software development, he said he is confident that Microsoft's insistence upon the importance of collaborative development will allow the company to weather the ever-changing climate that envelops software code development. (zdnet.com)
  • Reusable code plays a significant role in software development today, says Greg DeMichillie, senior analyst at Directions on Microsoft, a research firm in Redmond, Wash., but it relies primarily on libraries of pre-written code modules, such as Microsoft's .NET framework and others. (itbusiness.ca)
  • Government Code Section 65583(c)(3) requires the housing element provide a program to "address and where appropriate and legally possible, remove governmental constraints to the maintenance, improvement, and development of housing for persons with disabilities. (ca.gov)
  • Building FOP requires a minimum Java Development Kit (JDK/SDK) of 1.7 (A Java Runtime Environment is not sufficient). (apache.org)
  • I'm sad to say that I'm probably not going to be able to update as regularly or as often, but even though you may not hear from us as often we'll still be working on Code Hero and moving forward with development. (kickstarter.com)
  • Low-code pioneer continues to democratize application development. (caspio.com)
  • Use our intuitive, visual development tools to build new applications without coding. (caspio.com)
  • This comprehensive report illustrates how forward-thinking companies are leveraging low-code development and managed application services to digitize operations quickly and ensure business continuity. (caspio.com)
  • Tech-savvy business professionals are adopting low-code development platforms to accelerate digital transformation imperatives. (caspio.com)
  • Considering a low-code development platform for online database applications? (caspio.com)
  • Most codes also require ground-fault interrupters on bathroom, kitchen, and exterior receptacles (GFIs are safety devices that function as secondary fuses and will, in the event of a fault in the ground, shut off power to the outlet and prevent electrical shock). (bobvila.com)
  • The RCCC reviews the International Codes and the National Electrical Code when new editions are released, but not when supplements are released. (nctcog.org)
  • The genetic code of the germ that caused the Black Death has been reconstructed by scientists for the first time. (freerepublic.com)
  • MSNBC's Al Sharpton: 'Until I hear about scientists modifying the DNA to create an equal and equivalent White Death , this is nothing but racism in the laboratory! (freerepublic.com)
  • Scientists have taken another step on the way toward building an organism from the ground up. (npr.org)
  • Mycoplasma is the smallest living cell, which is why scientists chose it as the first bacterium to build from scratch. (npr.org)
  • Scientists have created from scratch the chromosome for Mycoplasma genitalium , which causes infections in the urinary tract. (npr.org)
  • Scientists say they have reached an important milestone in a quest to build a life-form from scratch. (npr.org)
  • The scientists at JUST are creating a long-term solution by building a highly advanced food system on the basis of plants. (news-medical.net)
  • Correctly coding this diagnostic service depends on what's viewed. (aapc.com)
  • If you see an error indicating that the code is invalid or already in use, check that the code was entered correctly and submit it again. (umass.edu)
  • Most gas or oil furnaces, boilers, and water heaters, as well as fireplaces and wood stoves, have natural draft venting, which depends on warmer temperatures in the chimney to create a draft that carries combustion by-products from the house. (homeenergy.org)
  • It strictly depends on the engineer/scientist who uses the code and his/her knowledge of the fluid physics. (cfd-online.com)
  • Whether or not the school is technically in violation of Title IX remains to be seen, but the school is clearly violating the spirit of the law in a way that does untold damage to rape survivors and makes future rapes more likely. (slate.com)
  • After agonizing for four days over whether she could report the assault and afford to be charged with an honor code violation, Barney went to the police and not the university. (slate.com)
  • Descriptors for excision procedure CPT® codes 15920-15958 specify each of these conditions. (aapc.com)
  • They built from scratch the genetic code of an entire bacterium and then assembled it into one piece. (npr.org)
  • This simple organism has just a few hundred genes to begin with, and a complete genetic code that's about half a million letters long - more than a thousand times smaller than a human's. (npr.org)
  • Gene machines churned out 101 relatively small snippets of DNA, each representing about 1 percent of the genetic code of this bacterium. (npr.org)
  • For current information about the Model Aquatic Health Code, visit the Model Aquatic Health Code homepage. (cdc.gov)
  • The final product was intended to be a performance-based Model Aquatic Health Code (MAHC) that is national in scope, data driven, and created using the best available science and engineering practices. (cdc.gov)
  • These statutes direct DOE to participate in industry processes to develop model building energy codes, issue determinations as to whether updated codes result in energy savings, and provide technical assistance to states to implement and comply with the codes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, national model codes are published by the National Research Council of Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • Model building codes have no legal status unless adopted or adapted by an authority having jurisdiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • When referenced in any of these legal instruments, a particular model code becomes law. (wikipedia.org)
  • A subscription access code can be purchased as a bundle with an iClicker model 2 through the eCampus online store (instructors will provide the link to the store in SPIRE). (umass.edu)
  • Students who purchase an iClicker model 2 through the eCampus online store (instructors will provide the link to the store in SPIRE) will receive a 5-year subscription to the REEF polling app which can be redeemed using the enclosed access code. (umass.edu)
  • Who would even think of building a scale model for routine stress calculations these days? (cfd-online.com)
  • Exceptions may be made for kitchenettes, bathrooms, and cellar conversions. (bobvila.com)