Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.
An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.
An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor or extensor movements of the head, trunk, and limbs. The condition is divided into two forms: cryptogenic (idiopathic) and symptomatic (secondary to a known disease process such as intrauterine infections; nervous system abnormalities; BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC, INBORN; prematurity; perinatal asphyxia; TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS; etc.). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp744-8)
Recurrent clonic contraction of facial muscles, restricted to one side. It may occur as a manifestation of compressive lesions involving the seventh cranial nerve (FACIAL NERVE DISEASES), during recovery from BELL PALSY, or in association with other disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1378)
Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.
A hypermotility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS that is characterized by spastic non-peristaltic responses to SWALLOWING; CHEST PAIN; and DYSPHAGIA.
An ergot alkaloid (ERGOT ALKALOIDS) with uterine and VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE contractile properties.
A clinical syndrome characterized by the development of CHEST PAIN at rest with concomitant transient ST segment elevation in the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, but with preserved exercise capacity.
Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Excessive winking; tonic or clonic spasm of the orbicularis oculi muscle.
A plant species of the genus Urtica, family URTICACEAE. Roots have been used to treat PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA. Leaves are edible after the stinging quality is eliminated by brief heating.
Species of jellyfish, in the family Pelagiidae, order Semaeostomeae, class SCYPHOZOA. Their painful sting is caused by a venom toxic to humans.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bite of SCORPIONS.
The nettles plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. Many have stinging hairs on stems and leaves. Flowers are small and greenish in leaf axils. The fruit is dry and one-seeded.
A colorless or slightly yellow crystalline compound obtained from nutgalls. It is used in photography, pharmaceuticals, and as an analytical reagent.
N-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octanes best known for the ones found in PLANTS.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate MUSCARINIC RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of endogenous ACETYLCHOLINE or exogenous agonists. Muscarinic antagonists have widespread effects including actions on the iris and ciliary muscle of the eye, the heart and blood vessels, secretions of the respiratory tract, GI system, and salivary glands, GI motility, urinary bladder tone, and the central nervous system.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific chemicals.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
Databases devoted to knowledge about PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A bioflavonoid that strengthens vascular walls.
A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)
The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).
The first cervical vertebra.
Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A sulfinylindene derivative prodrug whose sulfinyl moiety is converted in vivo to an active NSAID analgesic. Specifically, the prodrug is converted by liver enzymes to a sulfide which is excreted in the bile and then reabsorbed from the intestine. This helps to maintain constant blood levels with reduced gastrointestinal side effects.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
A family of fused-ring hydrocarbons isolated from coal tar that act as intermediates in various chemical reactions and are used in the production of coumarone-indene resins.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
A cell surface receptor for INSULIN. It comprises a tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits which are derived from cleavage of a single precursor protein. The receptor contains an intrinsic TYROSINE KINASE domain that is located within the beta subunit. Activation of the receptor by INSULIN results in numerous metabolic changes including increased uptake of GLUCOSE into the liver, muscle, and ADIPOSE TISSUE.
Insulin that has been modified so that the B-chain contains a LYSINE at position 28 instead of a PROLINE and a PROLINE at position 29 instead of a LYSINE. It is used to manage BLOOD GLUCOSE levels in patients with TYPE 2 DIABETES.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Substances which lower blood glucose levels.
Insulin derivatives and preparations that are designed to induce a rapid HYPOGLYCEMIC EFFECT.

Bradykinin-induced bronchospasm in the rat in vivo: a role for nitric oxide modulation. (1/169)

Bradykinin has an important role in asthma pathogenesis, but its site of action is unclear. It was previously reported by the authors that bradykinin causes a dose-dependent reduction in dynamic compliance but little change in total lung resistance. This suggested that bradykinin may have a preferential effect in the distant lung. The purpose of the current investigation was to better characterize the effects of bradykinin on pulmonary resistance in rodents and explore the role of nitric oxide release in modulating the effect of bradykinin. Airway constriction was induced in the rats by aerosol administration of bradykinin with or without treatments with the inhaled bradykinin-2 receptor antagonist, Hoe 140 or the nitric oxide synthase inhibitors N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methylester or N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine. Total lung resistance was partitioned into tissue and airway resistance by using the alveolar capsule method. Bradykinin induced a significant increase in both resistances. Hoe 140 abolished the response to bradykinin. The nitric oxide synthase inhibitors enhanced the bronchoconstricting response. In conclusion, the bradykinin response in the rats was not only localized to conducting airways but also involved a relatively selective tissue reaction. Bradykinin-induced bronchospasm in the rat is solely due to activation of bradykinin-2 receptor. Further, it was shown that nitric oxide significantly modulates the bronchospasm caused by bradykinin, suggesting that nitric oxide is an important modulator of airways responsiveness to bradykinin.  (+info)

Reduction of exercise-induced asthma in children by short, repeated warm ups. (2/169)

AIM: To study the effect of a warm up schedule on exercise-induced asthma in asthmatic children to enable them to engage in asthmogenic activities. METHOD: In the first study, peak flows during and after three short, repeated warm up schedules (SRWU 1, 2, and 3), identical in form but differing in intensity, were compared in 16 asthmatic children. In the second study the efficiency of the best of these SRWU schedules was tested on 30 young asthmatic children. Children performed on different days a 7 minute run alone (EX1) or the same run after an SRWU (EX2). RESULTS: The second study showed that for most children (24/30) the fall in peak flow after EX2 was less than that after EX1. The percentage fall in peak flow after EX2 was significantly correlated with the percentage change in peak flow induced by SRWU2 (r = 0.68). The children were divided into three subgroups according to the change in peak flow after SRWU2: (G1: increase in peak flow; G2: < 15% fall in peak flow; G3: > 15% fall in peak flow). Only the children in the G3 subgroup did not show any gain in peak flow after EX2 compared with EX1. CONCLUSION: The alteration in peak flow at the end of the SRWU period was a good predictor of the occurrence of bronchoconstriction after EX2. An SRWU reduced the decrease in peak flow for most of the children (24/30) in this series, thus reducing subsequent post-exercise deep bronchoconstriction.  (+info)

Reactive airways dysfunction and systemic complaints after mass exposure to bromine. (3/169)

Occasionally children are the victims of mass poisoning from an environmental contaminant that occurs due to an unexpected common point source of exposure. In many cases the contaminant is a widely used chemical generally considered to be safe. In the following case, members of a sports team visiting a community for an athletic event were exposed to chemicals while staying at a local motel. Bromine-based sanitizing agents and other chemicals such as hydrochloric acid, which were used in excess in the motel's swimming pool, may have accounted for symptoms experienced by the boy reported here and at least 16 other adolescents. Samples of pool water contained excess bromine (8.2 microg/mL; ideal pool bromine concentration is 2-4 microg/mL). Symptoms and signs attributable to bromine toxicity included irritative skin rashes; eye, nose, and throat irritation; bronchospasm; reduced exercise tolerance; fatigue; headache; gastrointestinal disturbances; and myalgias. While most of the victims recovered within a few days, the index case and several other adolescents had persistent or recurrent symptoms lasting weeks to months after the exposure.  (+info)

Regulation of baseline cholinergic tone in guinea-pig airway smooth muscle. (4/169)

1. We quantified baseline cholinergic tone in the trachealis of mechanically ventilated guinea-pigs and determined the influence of vagal afferent nerve activity on this parasympathetic tone. 2. There was a substantial amount of baseline cholinergic tone in the guinea-pig trachea, eliciting contractions of the trachealis that averaged 24.6 +/- 3.5 % (mean +/- s.e.m.) of the maximum attainable contraction. This tone was essentially abolished by vagotomy or ganglionic blockade, suggesting that it was dependent upon on-going pre-ganglionic input arising from the central nervous system. 3. Cholinergic tone in the trachealis could be markedly and rapidly altered (either increased or decreased) by changes in ventilation (e. g. cessation of ventilation; hyperpnoea; slow, deep breathing) and by lung distention (via positive end-expiratory pressure). These effects were not accompanied by marked alterations in blood gases and were abolished by vagotomy or atropine. By contrast, tachykinin receptor antagonists, which abolished capsaicin-induced bronchospasm, were without effect on baseline cholinergic tone. This and other evidence suggests that capsaicin-sensitive nerves have little if any influence on baseline parasympathetic tone. Likewise, while activation of afferent nerves innervating the larynx can alter airway parasympathetic nerve activity, transection of the superior laryngeal nerves was without effect on baseline cholinergic tone. 4. Cutting the vagus nerves caudal to the recurrent laryngeal nerves, thus leaving the preganglionic parasympathetic innervation of the trachealis intact but disrupting all afferent nerves innervating the lungs and intrapulmonary airways, abolished baseline cholinergic tone in the trachea. Sham vagotomy or cutting the vagi caudal to the lungs did not reduce baseline cholinergic tone. 5. The results indicate that baseline airway cholinergic nerve activity is necessarily dependent upon afferent nerve activity arising from the intrapulmonary airways and lungs. More specifically, the data are consistent with the hypothesis that on-going activity arising from the nerve terminals of intrapulmonary rapidly adapting receptors determines the level of baseline airway cholinergic tone.  (+info)

Bronchodilating effects of bambuterol on bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs. (5/169)

AIM: To study the effects of bambuterol (Bam) on bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs. METHODS: Bronchospasm induced by histamine aerosol, lung resistance (RL) and dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn) changes induced by ovalbumin aerosol in vivo, isolated resting lung parenchyma strips, and carbamylcholine-induced tracheal constriction in vitro in guinea pig were investigated. RESULTS: Bam dose-dependently prolonged the time to histamine-induced collapse, ED50 values (95% confidence limits) of Bam intragastric gavage (i.g.) after 1 h, 4 h, and 24 h were 0.74 (0.60-0.91), 0.75 (0.61-0.91) and 1.00 (0.77-1.30) mg.kg-1, respectively. Bam 2 or 10 mg.kg-1 i.g. 2 h before ovalbumin aerosol partly or almost completely inhibited bronchial challenge of ovalbumin-induced change of RL and Cdyn. Bam 0.1-1.0 mumol.L-1 gave a weak relaxation on isolated tracheal strips induced by carbamylcholine and failed to relax the isolated resting lung parenchyma strips in guinea pig. CONCLUSION: Bam showed a long-acting bronchodilation by its slow metabolism in vivo.  (+info)

Monosodium glutamate and asthma. (6/169)

Allen et al. (1987) conducted oral monosodium glutamate (MSG) challenges with 32 asthmatic volunteers and reported that 14 reacted to MSG. Another study by Moneret-Vautrin (1987) also reported MSG-induced asthma attacks in 2 of 30 asthmatic patients. Four additional studies have been conducted and none has confirmed the results of the above authors. These studies, by Schwartzstein et al. (1987), Germano (1991), Woods et al. (1998) and Woessner et al. (1999), challenged a total of 45 patients who gave a history of asthma attacks in oriental restaurants. None of these patients experienced asthmatic reactions after ingesting MSG (one-sided confidence interval of 0-0.066). Another 109 asthmatic patients, without a history of asthma in oriental restaurants, also did not react to ingestion of MSG (one-sided confidence interval of 0-0.027). With a confidence interval < 0.05 there is a >95% probability that MSG history-negative asthmatic patients are not sensitive to MSG. For the MSG history-positive asthmatics, 45 patients, in well-performed studies, underwent negative challenges to MSG, contrasting with two studies reporting positive challenges. Allen et al. (1987) and Moneret-Vautrin (1987), who reported positive MSG challenge results, performed studies with the following characteristics: 1) single blinded, conducted after discontinuing essential antiasthma medications; 2) used effort-dependent peak expiratory flow rate measurement of lung function; 3) added AM bronchodilators in some patients; 4) ignored wandering baselines on the placebo challenge days; and 5) conducted some challenges in the AM and some at night. In summary, the existence of MSG-induced asthma, even in history-positive patients, has not been established conclusively.  (+info)

Leukotriene-receptor antagonists. Role in asthma management. (7/169)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of leukotriene-receptor antagonists (LTRAs) in management of asthma. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Most data were derived from randomized, double-blind, controlled trials. MAIN MESSAGE: Leukotrienes appear to have an important role in the pathophysiology of asthma, including airway inflammation. Leukotriene-receptor antagonists are effective in improving asthma control end points, such as allergen, ASA, and exercise challenge, in clinical models of asthma. In chronic asthma, LTRA administration reduces asthma symptoms and rescue beta 2-agonist use, changes that are paralleled by improvements in lung function. Both zafirlukast and montelukast decrease circulating levels of eosinophils and could have other useful anti-inflammatory properties. Administration of LTRAs allows doses of inhaled corticosteroids to be reduced. Currently available LTRAs are free of serious side effects and are available as oral formulations. CONCLUSIONS: Leukotriene-receptor antagonists belong to a new class of asthma medication. While inhaled corticosteroids remain first-line therapy for managing chronic asthma, LTRAs should be considered for patients with ASA-sensitive asthma; as adjunct therapy when low to moderate doses of inhaled steroid alone provide incomplete control; or as adjunct therapy to allow reduction in doses of inhaled corticosteroids.  (+info)

Effects of fenoterol and ipratropium on respiratory resistance of asthmatics after tracheal intubation. (8/169)

We have studied the effects of a beta-agonist, fenoterol, and a cholinergic antagonist, ipratropium, on post-intubation total respiratory system resistance (Rrs) in asthmatics who developed increased Rrs after tracheal intubation. Sixteen stable asthmatics in whom Rrs increased after intubation were allocated randomly to receive either 10 puffs of fenoterol (group F) or 10 puffs of ipratropium (group IB) via a metered dose inhaler 5 min after intubation. Anaesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol i.v. Rrs was recorded before treatment and again 5, 15 and 30 min after treatment. Rrs decreased significantly from pretreatment values by mean 53 (SD 8)%, 53 (7)% and 58 (6)% at 5, 15 and 30 min, respectively, in group F, but declined by only 12 (6)%, 15 (4)% and 17 (5)% in group IB. At all times after treatment, patients in the fenoterol group had significantly lower Rrs values than those in the ipratropium group. We conclude that increased Rrs after tracheal intubation in asthmatics can be reduced effectively by treatment with fenoterol. A secondary finding of our study was that even after induction of anaesthesia with propofol, patients with a history of asthma may develop high Rrs.  (+info)

Looking for bronchial spasm? Find out information about bronchial spasm. involuntary rigid muscle contraction, often persistent and often accompanied by pain. It usually has some underlying physical cause such as disease, strain,... Explanation of bronchial spasm
A core function of the upper airway is to protect the lungs from aspiration via various reflexes, one of which is bronchospasm, or the temporary narrowing of the bronchi via involuntary contraction of the local smooth muscle. However, not all episodes of bronchospasm protect the airways-ill-timed bronchospasm can prevent the physicians ability to ventilate a patient. In fact, bronchospasm accounted for 2% of claims in the ASA Closed Claims Study, half in patients without a previous history of asthma.. Tracheal intubation is one of the main triggers for ill-timed bronchospasm. It can be reduced by prophylactic bronchodilator therapy or in patients with asthma, prophylactic steroids and bronchodilators. In cases of flexible fiberoptic intubation, the risk of bronchospasm can be decreased as well with topical lidocaine.. Risk of bronchospasm occurs again at extubation. Extubation may be performed awake, with light anesthesia, or deep (iight implying recovery of airway reflexes and deep implying ...
Bronchospasm is one of the most feared complications occurring in anesthesia. 7% of all anesthesia-related deaths in France are attributed to bronchospasm [1]. 9% of asthmatic patients will experience intraoperative bronchospasm during general anesthesia. Additionally, adverse respiratory events, including bronchospasm, accounted for 28% of claims regarding anesthesia-related brain damage or death, and resulted in the highest mean cost per closed claim in anesthesia [2]. Bronchospasm is a sudden constriction of bronchial smooth muscle resulting in narrowing of the small airways, which causes increased work of breathing, decreased airflow, air trapping, dynamic hyperinflation, and VQ mismatch. Additionally, it can increase pulmonary vascular resistance resulting in right ventricular overload [3]. Bronchospasm can be separated into two categories based on its precipitating factors: allergic and non-allergic. Allergic bronchospasm is IgE-mediated and typically presents with cutaneous symptoms, ...
Indications for Drugs ::. Acute severe asthma, Severe bronchospasm. Drug Dose ::. Adult: PO Acute bronchospasm 2-4 mg (up to 8 mg) 3-4 times/day. Extended release 8 mg twice daily. Children 2 - 6 years: 2.5 ml syrup, 3-4 times daily 6-12 years: 5 ml syrup, 3-4 times daily Over 12 years: 5-10 ml syrup, 3-4 times daily (2-4 mg tablet, 3-4 times daily) Inhalation Capsule: Adults: For the relief of acute asthma or before exercise 400 µg (2 ConviCaps). The recommended dose for maintenance treatment or prophylactic therapy is 400 µg (2 ConviCaps) three to four times a day. Maximum dose is 1600 µg/day. Children: In the treatment of episodic asthma or before exercise 200 µg (1 ConviCap). The recommended dose for maintenance treatment or prophylactic treatment is 200 µg (1 ConviCap) three to four times a day. Maximum dose is 800 µg/day. As aerosol: Inhalation Acute bronchospasm 100 or 200 mcg 3-4 times/day. 2 puffs may be given prior to exertion to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. Acute ...
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Is Bronchospasm a common side effect of Augmentin? View Bronchospasm Augmentin side effect risks. Female, 50 years of age, weighting 143.3 lb, was diagnosed with depression and took Augmentin .
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Intraoperative bronchospasm after organophosphate inhalation [13]. AU - Karamchandani, Kunal. AU - Darlong, V.. AU - Rampal, Prashant. AU - Mohan, Virender. PY - 2006/4. Y1 - 2006/4. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645515059&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645515059&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1213/01.ANE.0000199211.07325.33. DO - 10.1213/01.ANE.0000199211.07325.33. M3 - Letter. C2 - 16551947. AN - SCOPUS:33645515059. VL - 102. SP - 1291. EP - 1292. JO - Anesthesia and Analgesia. JF - Anesthesia and Analgesia. SN - 0003-2999. IS - 4. ER - ...
Bronchospasm is the condition in which smooth muscles of the bronchi are constricted causing narrowing of airway. In short it is caused due to construction of bronchioles and bronchi. It happens when there is any inflammation on the path of respiratory system and this condition occurs when there is excess secretion of mucus inside the […]
List of 67 causes for Bradycardia in children and Intensely aching pain and Life-threatening bronchospasm, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Bronchospasm is an abnormal contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi and has many causes, as well as multiple treatment options.
List of 42 causes for Bradycardia in children and Epigastrium pain in pregnancy and Life-threatening bronchospasm, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Page 2 - Im not sure if this in the literature or not (probably) and I havent really studied it yet, but... If you have a 10kg kid with bronchospasm, what would you treatment be. Im imagining, that in
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A selected ion monitoring method for the estimation of an anti-allergy compound isamaxole (N-butyl-N-(4-methyloxazol-2-yl)-2-methylpropanamide, LRCL 3950) in plasma has been developed. The method uses a stable analogue containing nine deuterium atoms
ABT-761 was examined in three protocols of bronchoconstriction in the guinea pig of increasing complexity. In an effort to simplify the bronchospastic response to a single-mediator system, intravenous AA was administered as a challenge. This model was somewhat successful in that the bronchospasm observed was not histamine dependent as has been observed for a significant part of the response to antigen (Maloet al., 1994). The specific inhibitor ABT-761 was effective in inhibiting most (∼75%) of the bronchospasm observed. Interestingly, FLAP antagonists were not effective in this model (Maloet al., 1993), but the cysLT1 antagonist ZD-198615 was effective (Malo et al., 1993). Moreover, an initial bronchospastic response was observed in the animals at early times (1-3 min) after challenge that was not leukotriene dependent on the basis of several criteria described in Results.. ABT-761 was also examined in an antigen-challenge model using actively sensitized animals. As described by us (Malo et ...
Bronchospasms occur when you have an acute narrowing of your airways, making it difficult to breathe. Fast treatment will help reduce your symptoms.
Diagnosis Code 493.81 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, ICD-10 conversion and references to the diseases index.
By: Michael Epitropoulos, DC, PhD, and Cal Streeter, DO. Several seasons of the year seem to affect allergy victims more than others. Symptoms range from upper respiratory problems, with burning, tearing, swollen eyes and sinus congestion, to bronchial spasms with asthmatic episodes. Occasionally, there may even be skin reactions with itching, swelling and hives. There are even gastrointestinal symptoms with upper-GI upset and diarrhea in rare instances.. The cause of such aggravating events varies from person to person, although most allergists assume that a histamine response from the individual bodys immune system reaction to allergens is the culprit. Everything from candida to leaky gut syndrome to inherited immune response is considered a culprit.. The real culprit in many allergies can be traced to the immune system and its invasion and affectation by foreign materials during infancy, namely the administration of immunizations before youngsters weigh 25 pounds and are able to handle ...
Even though I played tennis, the activity didnt push my heart rate very hard, probably because my body was used to the exertion even though I would breathe hard. Cutting the grass was something I only did occasionally. Even though my breathing was normal, the work caused my heart rate to increase quickly. It was during a couple of these times that I experienced a strange sensation in my chest, which went away in less than a minute when I rested. I initially thought it might be minor bronchial spasms similar to the intense ones I sometimes experienced when running in very cold weather ...
She is still in the hospital, which is imposing a break on her chemo. That is a relief but the chemois much needed of course. Meanwhile, mom is struggling with getting the congestion to go away, all the while struggling to get enough oxygen IN. I take for granted my own breathing. Until I saw her working to get bronchial spasms under control (which you cant really do it turns out), I never really thought of how scary it is to loose, or loose control over, your own breath. That was so hard to see. And even harder for her to endure ...
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Asthalin 2mg Syrup is a bronchodilator medication thats used to alleviate the signs of bronchospasm comparable to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest
Looking for online definition of exercise-induced bronchospasm in the Medical Dictionary? exercise-induced bronchospasm explanation free. What is exercise-induced bronchospasm? Meaning of exercise-induced bronchospasm medical term. What does exercise-induced bronchospasm mean?
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Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) can be prevented in everyone. Exercise is just as important for people with asthma as it is for others. However, breathing relatively cold air triggers bronchospasm in most people with asthma. The airways become dry and they respond by narrowing (bronchospasm). Symptoms of cough, wheezing, chest tightness, and/or shortness of breath start about 5 minutes after the exercise stops and last for about 45 minutes (unless treated by using a rescue inhaler like albuterol). About 10% of athletes, even those who successfully compete in the Olympics, have EIB. The good news is that it can almost always be prevented. Strenuous exercise in cold air is the most potent EIB stimulus, such as cross-country skiing. Swimming rarely causes EIB since you are breathing warm and humid air while swimming. When walking in the winter cold, keep your nose open (by treating rhinitis, perhaps using nasal lavage) so that you can breathe through it. Breathing through your nose wa. ...
Drugs acting on adrenoreceptors, Beta-adrenoreceptor agonists, , Maintenance treatment of asthma and prevention of bronchospasm with reversible obstructive airway disease; prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm; maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with COPD (including emphysema and chronic bronchitis).
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Albuterol is a short-acting, beta-adrenergic bronchodilator drug used for relief and prevention of bronchospasm. It is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. While albuterol is available in tablet form, it is most commonly used by oral inhalation into the lungs.Common brand names:ProAir HFA, Proventil...
Lets face it: exercising in the winter sucks. Running outside in freezing temperatures is a chore, the treadmill and stationary bike get boring in a hurry, and exiting the gym after a shower leaves you with frozen, crunchy hair.. But for the millions of people with exercise-induced asthma, those annoyances are the least of their problems. The cold, dry winter air is a major trigger that constricts their airways and makes breathing difficult. The end result: shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, a tight chest, and decreased endurance.. Exercise-induced asthma-or, more correctly, exercise-induced bronchospasm, or EIB-affects roughly 8 in 10 Americans with a diagnosis of asthma and 1 in 10 Americans in the general population, although these numbers may be higher, given that many people are not aware that they have the condition, especially if they have a milder case.. [RELATED1]. Contrary to what the name might suggest, exercise itself isnt the trigger for EIB. Rather, its the rapid ...
Salmeterol inhalation is a bronchodilator that is used to prevent asthma attacks or exercise-induced bronchospasm. Salmeterol inhalation is also used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) including emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Salmeterol inhalation may also be used for purposes not listed in this...
Formoterol inhalation is a long-acting bronchodilator. It relaxes muscles in the airways to improve breathing. The Foradil brand of formoterol is used to prevent asthma attacks or exercise-induced bronchospasm in adults and children who are at least 5 years old. The Foradil and Perforomist brands of formoterol are used...
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) in collegiate cross-country runners using a protocol involving an intense exercise challenge conducted in the same environment in which the athletes train and compete. METHODS: One-hundred eighteen collegiate cross-country runners from the Los Angeles, California ...
Asthma affects 5-10% of the population or an estimated 23.4 million persons, including 7 million children.{ref15} The overall prevalence rate of exercise-induced bronchospasm is 3-10% of the general p... more
Esiflo 500 Transcaps is Generally Used For Asthma, Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm | Composition - Salmeterol 50mcg, Fluticasone 500mcg | Common Side Effects - Dizziness, Fever, Headache, Nervousness, Paresthesia, Palpitations, Tachycardia, Dry Mouth, Nausea, Cough
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Bronchospasm or a bronchial spasm is a sudden constriction of the muscles in the walls of the bronchioles. It is caused by the release (degranulation) of substances from mast cells or basophils under the influence of anaphylatoxins. It causes difficulty in breathing which can be very mild to severe. Bronchospasms appear as the feature of asthma, chronic bronchitis and anaphylaxis. Bronchospasms are a possible side effect of some drugs: pilocarpine (which is used to treat illness resulting from the ingestion of deadly nightshade, as well as other things), beta blockers (used to treat hypertension), a paradoxical result of using LABA drugs (to treat COPD) and other drugs. Bronchospasms can present as a sign of giardiasis. Bronchospasms are one of several conditions associated with cold housing. Some of the things that can cause bronchospasms are: consuming foods, taking medicines, allergic responses to insects, and fluctuating hormone levels, particularly in women. A few of the more common ...
To analyze the biochemical and mechanical signals that occur between cells during spasms, the researchers created a microdevice - a bronchi on a chip one-thousandth the size of a human hair - containing cells from healthy and asthmatic lungs that mimics the function of a lung on single-cell levels.. When they triggered a simulated bronchospasm on the device, the researchers discovered that the initial contraction prompts the secretion of hormone-like compounds that either can induce an additional constriction or relax the spasm. In people with asthma, the smooth muscle surrounding the airways is more reactive and contracts more easily in response to stimuli such as allergens, leading to extended bronchial spasms, wheezing and shortness of breath.. They also found that inducing a second asthmatic trigger during a bronchial spasm at a precise time will actually cause the smooth muscle to relax and stop the spasm.. The treatments for bronchospasm have not changed in the past 50 years, Panettieri ...
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Adverse reactions to iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM) have been reported to occur in 0.5-2% of recipients8,9, and the substance can be responsible for acute or delayed reactions.10,11 It has been proposed that the reaction to ICM is in fact due to the contrast molecule as a whole rather than to the iodine component.3 Some adverse reactions to ICM are considered allergy-like, with cutaneous, cardiovascular, respiratory, and digestive symptoms. Reactions are more frequent with ionic than with non-ionic material8,9,12, but the frequency of deaths (which are quite rare4) is almost identical.12 Acute reactions to ICM can vary from mild (flushing, nausea, arm pain, pruritis, vomiting, headache and mild urticaria) to severe and life-threatening (severe manifestations of those reactions mentioned, convulsions, unconsciousness, laryngeal oedema, severe bronchospasm, pulmonary oedema, severe cardiac dysrhythmias and arrest, and cardiovascular and pulmonary collapse).11. Delayed reactions occur within ...
Albuterol Sulfate Inhalation Solution is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway diseases, such as asthma. Learn side effects, dosage, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, and more.
Persistent bronchospasm should be treated by continuing albuterol and intravenous steroid administration. Cutaneous manifestations of anaphylaxis are treated with repeated doses of antihistamines.
Reviews and ratings for Ventolin when used in the treatment of bronchospasm prophylaxis. Share your experience with this medication by writing a review.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - LO STATO ASMATICO. AU - Viviano, G. G.. AU - Conte, M.. AU - Benedetto, C. P.. AU - Viviano, M. T.. AU - Tancredi, G.. PY - 1995. Y1 - 1995. N2 - Through a careful examination of the up to-date literature on the subject, the Authors provide a full account of the present knowledge about the physiopathology of the status asthmaticus; at the same time they draw a practical exhaustive guide to the treatment to be carried out in hospital. The work arises from the considerable increase of mortality rate, due to asthma, recorded in the last few years.. AB - Through a careful examination of the up to-date literature on the subject, the Authors provide a full account of the present knowledge about the physiopathology of the status asthmaticus; at the same time they draw a practical exhaustive guide to the treatment to be carried out in hospital. The work arises from the considerable increase of mortality rate, due to asthma, recorded in the last few years.. UR - ...
Doctors give trusted, helpful answers on causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, and more: Dr. Ferranti on how do you get rid of a bad cough fast: Before a cough can be treated, the etiology of the cough needs to be diagnosed. Possible causes of an acute cough include acute bronchitis, bronchospasm or a combination of factors. Possible causes of a chronic cough include bronchospasm from any etiology, gerd, post-nasal drip or a combination of factors. Any of the chronic causes can also be a factor in acute coughs.
During inhalation, air flows without any difficulty into the lungs of a healthy person. Bronchospasm impedes this flow of the air due to constricted airways. The flow of air creates a sound that resembles a whistle or a squeak like sound while passing through the contracted airways, a condition called as wheezing. Wheezing usually takes place whilst inhaling and people around a person suffering from bronchospasm can hear its sound. ...
Department of Infectious Immunology and Allergology, Kazakh Institute of Epidemiology, Microbiology, and Infectious Diseases, Alma-Ata. (Presented by Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR A. D. Ado.) Translated from Byulleten Éksperimentalnoi Biologii i Meditsiny, Vol. 95, No. 1, pp. 79-82, January, 1983. ...
Terbutaline is used for treating bronchial spasms associated with asthma. Find the information on the drugs that interact with Terbutaline and its side effects.
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The bronchial spasm is due to the activation of parasympathetic nervous system. Postganglionic parasympathetic fibers will ... 1993). "Bronchial responsiveness to inhaled propranolol in asthmatic children and adults". Eur Respir J. 6 (2): 181-8. PMID ...
They hypothesized that the asphyxiation observed was the result of bronchial spasms. Operating on this idea, they administered ... atropine to suppress such spasms, and found this treatment to be effective. In 1908, Auer and Meltzer began studying magnesium ...
The official diagnosis was that he had suffered a bronchial spasm brought on by too much smoking." Another incident was the ...
... or a bronchial spasm is a sudden constriction of the muscles in the walls of the bronchioles. It is caused by the ... When the airways spasm or constrict in response to the irritating stimulus of the breathing tube, it is difficult to maintain ...
In essence, asthma is the result of an immune response in the bronchial airways. The airways of asthma patients are " ... contract into spasm (an "asthma attack"). Inflammation soon follows, leading to a further narrowing of the airways and ... This acetylcholine results in the excessive formation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) in bronchial smooth muscle cells ... then down the vagal efferent pathway to again reach the bronchial small airways. Acetylcholine is released from the efferent ...
The wheezing is typically caused by spasms of the bronchial muscles while stridor is related to upper airway obstruction ... The coronary spasm is related to the presence of histamine-releasing cells in the heart. Gastrointestinal symptoms may include ... Coronary artery spasm may occur with subsequent myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, or cardiac arrest. Those with underlying ... These mediators subsequently increase the contraction of bronchial smooth muscles, trigger vasodilation, increase the leakage ...
... while others attributed it to heart disease brought on by severe spasms of bronchial asthma. He was survived by his wife, ...
During the 1984 Olympics, she missed earning a fifth medal by 7/100th of a second, when she suffered a bronchial spasm that led ...
Gastrointestinal disorders (e.g., peptic ulcers, diarrhea, pylorospasm, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, nausea, and ... Anticholinergics have antisecretory activities and decrease nasal and bronchial secretions, salivation, lacrimation, sweating ... urological or respiratory conditions associated with spasm and dysmotility.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit ...
Vaping may harm neurons and trigger tremors and spasms. The use of e-cigarettes has been found associated with nose bleeding, ... change in bronchial gene expression, release of cytokines and proinflammatory mediators, and increase in allergic airway ... sub-acute bronchial toxicity, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, and reversal of chronic idiopathic neutrophilia. ...
It now rests on the Long Branch Historical Museum grounds.) New infections set in, as well as spasms of angina. He died of a ... ruptured splenic artery aneurysm, following sepsis and bronchial pneumonia at 10:35 pm on Monday, September 19, 1881, in ...
Bronchial/. obstructive. acute. Acute bronchitis. chronic. COPD Chronic bronchitis. Acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. ... The chemical mediators that provoke the muscle spasm appear to arise from mast cells.[3] ... has not been warmed and humidified by the nasal passages seems to generate increased blood flow to the linings of the bronchial ...
... spasms of the bronchial tubes in the lungs causing coughing and chest tightness). The chemicals used for pool water ...
... urological or respiratory conditions associated with spasm and dysmotility. Clinical Pharmacology [database online]. Tampa, FL ... Anticholinergics have antisecretory activities and decrease nasal and bronchial secretions, salivation, lacrimation, sweating ...
Spasm in the diaphragm leads to the muscle 'locking up' so that all breathing effort falls to the intercostal muscles. The ... Causes of atelectasis include insufficient attempts at respiration by the newborn, bronchial obstruction, or absence of ... Diaphragmatic spasm is easily tested for and treated by short term interruption of the Phrenic nerve. The nerve runs down the ... Until 2010 FCKS was believed to be caused by a spasm in the intercostal muscles, but re-examination of old post-mortem data (i. ...
Respiratory system Cancer in the bronchial tree is usually painless, but ear and facial pain on one side of the head has been ... Infection or cancer may irritate the trigone of the urinary bladder, causing spasm of the detrusor urinae muscle (the muscle ...
Paradoxically, when pilocarpine induces this ciliary muscle contraction (known as an accommodative spasm) it causes the eye's ... Pilocarpine has been known to cause excessive salivation, sweating, bronchial mucus secretion, bronchospasm, bradycardia, ...
Other symptoms include increased sweating, salivation, bronchial secretions along with miosis (constricted pupils). This crisis ... Vomiting Miosis constriction of the pupils of the eye via stimulation of the pupillary constrictor muscles Muscle spasm: ...
Cycloplegia is also helpful in relieving accommodative spasm. History Cyclopentolate was first synthesized in 1952 as a ... and reduced bronchial secretions. Severe poisoning with cyclopentolate may result in coma, paralysis of breathing, and death. ...
It may also result in spasm of accommodation, aching pain in and about the eye, nystagmus, delayed distal axonopathy and ... increased bronchial secretion, nausea, vomiting, sweating, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, lacrimation, increased salivation, ...
Pharmacotherapy of Bronchial Asthma". Textbook of Pharmacology (3rd revised ed.). New Delhi, India: Elsevier India. p. VII.14. ... to relieve airway spasm. It generally gave sharp relief of shortness of breath, starting within two to five minutes after the ...
Ropper, Allan H.; Brown, Robert H. (2005). "Disorders of Muscle Characterized by Cramp, Spasm, Pain, and Localized Masses". ... "Bronchial involvement in the cramp-fasciculation syndrome". European Neurology. 56 (2): 124-6. doi:10.1159/000095703. PMID ...
It is also used to treat and prevent minor and moderate bronchial asthma, especially asthma that is accompanied by ... Potentially serious side effects include urinary retention, worsening spasms of the airways, and a severe allergic reaction. It ... Ipratropium exhibits broncholytic action by reducing cholinergic influence on the bronchial musculature. It blocks muscarinic ...
It has been shown that the numbers of eosinophils in the blood and bronchial fluid can correlate with asthma severity. ... musculoskeletal pain neck pain muscle spasms extremity pain muscle fatigue anaphylaxis malignancy The most common adverse ...
The wheezing is typically caused by spasms of the bronchial muscles[16] while stridor is related to upper airway obstruction ... Coronary artery spasm may occur with subsequent myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, or cardiac arrest.[3][13] Those with ... These mediators subsequently increase the contraction of bronchial smooth muscles, trigger vasodilation, increase the leakage ... and they are not believed to have an effect on airway edema or spasm.[8] Corticosteroids are unlikely to make a difference in ...
The Kounis syndrome is distinguished from two other causes of coronary artery spasms and symptoms viz., the far more common, ... Conditions that incriminate Kounis syndrome include bronchial asthma, Churg-Strauss syndrome, serum sickness, Scombroid ... Kounis NG, Zavras GM (1991). "Histamine-induced coronary artery spasm: the concept of allergic angina". The British Journal of ... Inflammatory mediators during an allergic reaction can cause arterial spasms with normal troponins. However, this may lead to ...
These effects include widespread spasms of the muscle in the airways (bronchospasm), disturbance of cell energy production via ... Györik SA, Brutsche MH (January 2004). "Complementary and alternative medicine for bronchial asthma: is there new evidence?". ... for the implementation of the Buteyko method in the treatment of bronchial asthma. Later, this method was introduced to ...
"He has a muscular spasm in his back", captain Kim Hughes said. "It's no use playing him unless he is... fit. It's no good if he ... He took 2-11 in a trial game against New Zealand and withdrew from the game against Pakistan with a bronchial infection. He ... However Hogg returned home early due to a bronchial infection. Hogg moved back to Victoria at the beginning of the 1984-85 ...
A stress cough is when the airways of the throat are blocked to the point that causes a reflexive spasm. A whooping cough is ... The efferent impulses are then triggered by the medulla causing the signal to travel down the larynx and bronchial tree. This ... Chronic bronchitis, an inflammation in the major airways such as the bronchial tubules that causes the coughing of coloured ...
Diffuse esophageal spasm is a spasm of the esophagus that can be one cause of chest pain. Such referred pain to the wall of the ... the parts of the esophagus in the thorax from the bronchial arteries and branches directly from the thoracic aorta, and the ...
K. Tiefensee (1932). "[Therapy of bronchial asthma with adrenalin and the adrenalin derivatives ephedrine and Sympatol]." ... spasms of asthma and pertussis (whooping cough)."[42][43] However, synephrine was dropped from the Council's list in 1934, and ... and rarely orally for the treatment of bronchial problems associated with asthma and hay-fever.[a] ...
Kim CW, Kim DI, Choi SY, et al. Pharaoh ant (Monomorium pharaonis): newly identified important inhalant allergens in bronchial ... around the bronchi and bronchioles begin to spasm or contract which makes the opening in the airway even narrower. This is ... Green FH, Williams DJ, James A, et al. Increased myoepithelial cells of bronchial submucosal glands in fatal asthma. Thorax. ... Gershwin, M. Eric; Albertson, Timothy; Albertson, Timothy Eugene (2001). Bronchial Asthma: Principles of Diagnosis and ...
Sympathicotonia is a stimulated[17] condition of the sympathetic nervous system, marked by vascular spasm,[18] elevated blood ... For example, the sympathetic nervous system can accelerate heart rate; widen bronchial passages; decrease motility (movement) ...
... on progressive torsion spasm in children and suggested that the disease has a genetic component. Kazimierz Prószyński, a Polish ... and studies on the pathogenesis and treatment of aspirin-induced bronchial asthma Antoni Zygmund, a Polish mathematician, ...
In the meantime, Wynekoop had become "seriously ill" and was treated in the hospital ward for a chronic bronchial cough and ... "coronary spasm" since she had been jailed. Wynekoop stated, however, "I know that I am dying, but you shall not stop the trial ...
... spasm MeSH C23.888.592.608.750.400 - hemifacial spasm MeSH C23.888.592.608.750.700 - trismus MeSH C23.888.592.608.875 - tetany ... bronchial fistula MeSH C23.300.575.825 - urinary fistula MeSH C23.300.575.825.250 - bladder fistula MeSH C23.300.575.825. ...
... spasms of the eyelid), and miosis (pinpoint pupils). More severe cases cause edema (swelling from fluid accumulation) in the ... "Protection from cytotoxic effects induced by the nitrogen mustard mechlorethamine on human bronchial epithelial cells in vitro ...
Mustard gas caused internal and external bleeding and attacked the bronchial tubes, stripping off the mucous membrane. This was ... of yellow liquid from the lungs each hour for the 48 of the drowning spasms." A common fate of those exposed to gas was ...
... for the temporary relief of cough caused by minor throat and bronchial irritation (such as commonly accompanies the flu and ... hypotension hypertension tachycardia shallow respiration diarrhea urinary retention muscle spasms sedation paresthesia ...
lipid pneumonia A lung inflammation (pneumonia) that develops when lipids enter the bronchial tree live-aboard A large boat ... spasm) of the laryngeal cords which causes a partial blocking of breathing in, while breathing out remains easier. latent ...
my son was exposed to a bleach water solution and ever since then he has experienced episodes of spasms, especially during ... Bronchial Spasms?!? RedMan1972. Asthma. 3. 04-05-2008 07:52 PM. how do i stop bronchial spasm BROWNFOX. Asthma. 0. 11-22-2007 ... Bronchial Spasm my son was exposed to a bleach water solution and ever since then he has experienced episodes of spasms, ... Re: Bronchial Spasm The reason why I am relating it to the bleach exposure is because we have only had this problem since that ...
Then also after the spasms as I was told, ... Bronchial spasms Ive been experiencing tightness of the chest ... Bronchial Spasms kicket. Asthma. 2. 09-08-2004 08:05 PM. bronchial spasms after surgery mrping. Asthma. 0. 08-24-2003 06:21 PM ... Bronchial Spasms?!? RedMan1972. Asthma. 3. 04-05-2008 07:52 PM. Spasmodic Bronchial Asthma stevie_23. Asthma. 1. 05-26-2006 05: ... Re: Bronchial spasms Bronchospasm (the constriction of the muscles in your airways) does cause shortness of breath and coughing ...
We found 13 search results for bronchial spasm.. 12 drugs, 1 diseases, 0 anatomy, 0 articles, 0 tests *1 ... Also known as a Bronchial Spasm, a Bronchospasm happens when a person experiences a sudden abnormal constriction in the smooth ...
It usually has some underlying physical cause such as disease, strain,... Explanation of bronchial spasm ... Find out information about bronchial spasm. involuntary rigid muscle contraction, often persistent and often accompanied by ... spasm. (redirected from bronchial spasm). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.. Related to bronchial spasm: ... Bronchial spasm , Article about bronchial spasm by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/bronchial+ ...
A bronchial spasm is a sporadic, uncontrollable tightening of the smooth muscle of the bronchi (airways into the lungs). During ... Physical, emotional or psychological stress may also cause bronchial spasms. Viral respiratory infections often bring symptoms ... a spasm, the respiratory airways narrow severely, limiting the flow of air. A sign of bronchospasm is a cough accompanied by ... A bronchial spasm is a sporadic, uncontrollable tightening of the smooth muscle of the bronchi (airways into the lungs). During ...
"Bronchial Spasm" by people in this website by year, and whether "Bronchial Spasm" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Bronchial Spasm" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Bronchial Spasm" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Bronchial Spasm". ...
Magnesium relaxes bronchial muscles letting air flow to lungs. People do not need to grasp for air when spasms occur. The ... It helped them to rid from bronchial spasms.. Does Magnesium Treat Asthma?. Asthma occurs when various allergens take over. ... Filed Under: Reviews Tagged With: allergens, bronchial spasms, cramps, magnesium effect on asthma, muscles ... When we are deficient in magnesium, muscles can spasm and get cramped. Allergies cause muscles cramp in the bronchial tracts. ...
What causes bronchial spasms?. A: Inflammation or irritation in the airways, which can result from a variety of factors, causes ... bronchial spasms, explains Baylor Scott & White Health. Some ... Full Answer , Filed Under: * Pain & Symptoms ...
What are some treatments for bronchial spasms?. A: Treatment for bronchial spasms includes bronchodilators, inhaled steroids ...
BRONCHIAL SPASM. D001986. 4. LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE. D008173. HP:0006536. OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASE. 4. ATC. ...
Exercise can trigger bronchial spasm. Stop exercising if you hear yourself wheezing or feel you cant catch your breath, Arthur ...
Curare and Bronchial Spasm Br Med J 1948; 1 :954 (Published 15 May 1948) ...
Bronchial Diseases. Epinephrine. Racepinephrine. Epinephryl borate. Respiratory Sounds. Bronchial Spasm. Dyspnea. Signs and ...
Anaphylaxis; angioneurotic edema; urticaria; bronchial spasm; dyspnea.. Hypersensitivity vasculitis.. A potentially fatal ... tenderness and/or spasm; reduction in the duration of morning stiffness; increase in the time to onset of fatigue; relief of ...
Bronchial spasms can make it hard to breathe. Learn how to treat common conditions that cause them, such as asthma. ... Cricopharyngeal Spasm. Learn about cricopharyngeal spasms and how they affect your throat. ...
Bronchial Spasm. Bronchial Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Respiratory Hypersensitivity. Hypersensitivity, Immediate. ...
View messages from patients providing insights into their medical experiences with Muscle Spasms - Treatments. Share in the ... When I get an upper respiratory infection, I often get laryngeal muscle spasms. I have bronchial asthma by the way; so URIs ... Muscle Spasms - Cause of Spasms What was the cause of your muscle spasms? ... I went without any spasms and pain. After my artery was coiled off for couple of months now the spasms are back and I keep ...
Metering system for stimulating bronchial spasm. US4343798. Jun 23, 1981. Aug 10, 1982. The Procter & Gamble Company. Topical ...
difficulty breathing (bronchial spasm). • anaphylactic shock (sudden wheezing, swelling of. your lips, tongue and throat or ...
COPD and Bronchial Asthma are the most common diseases of the Lungs in which 4-10% of Adults in the world are ill of COPD. In ... Bronchial spasm is not common.. Bronchial asthma. The main syndrom is bronchospasm with dyspnoe of expiratory type associated ... Bronchial spasm (paroxysmal and steady) - Expiratory dyspnoe, dry cough, dry rales. Accent of second sound on a. pulmonale, on ... Etiology of bronchial obstruction: a) spasm; b) mucous odema; c) hypersecretion; d) scar narrowing: e) endobronchial tumor; f) ...
Most bronchial Asthma attacks are caused by hyper-sensitivity of the victims to air-borne particles or Allergies to certain ... Some degree of proneness to bronchial spasm could be hereditory, but to say that it is genetic is not entirely true. ... Bronchial asthma is characterized by a tightening of the bronchial tubes. The bronchial tubes of asthma sufferers are hyper- ... What is the difference of bronchial asthma with asthma?. Bronchial asthma is a condition where the bronchial tubes are inflamed ...
Respiratory: Bronchial spasm, pulmonary edema. Miscellaneous: Diaphoresis. Warnings/Precautions. Concerns related to adverse ... Ocular: Burning, ciliary spasm, conjunctival vascular congestion, corneal granularity (gel 10%), lacrimation, lens opacity, ... GI disease: Use with caution in patients with peptic ulcer disease or GI spasm. ...
Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways which causes their narrowing with consequent breathing difficulties ... What things provoke my bronchial spasms attacks? over a year ago. Xoliar-new antiasthmatic drug! over a year ago. ... Can you take dexamethasone for bronchial asthma?. over a year ago. Researchers Found Breastfeeding Can Lead To Asthma Risk. ... Diagnosis of bronchial asthma is made based on anamnesis from the patient, patients medical history, and functional tests of ...
What is muscle mass spasm? Meaning of muscle mass spasm medical term. What does muscle mass spasm mean? ... Looking for online definition of muscle mass spasm in the Medical Dictionary? muscle mass spasm explanation free. ... bronchial spasm spasmodic contraction of the muscular coat of the smaller divisions of the bronchi, as occurs in asthma; called ... See Blepharospasm spasm, Bronchospasm, Carpopedal spasm, Coronary artery spasm, Esophageal spasm, Vascular spasm. spasm (spazm ...
Bronchial Spasm / chemically induced* * Codeine / adverse effects* * Desensitization, Immunologic / adverse effects * Drug ...
Bronchial spasm. *Nosebleeds and sores on mouth. *Bizarre and reckless behavior. *Drowsiness or unconsciousness ...
Next, the bronchial muscles spasm. As the airway continues to shrink from further blockage, the lungs lose elasticity, volume, ... Conventional medical treatment generally includes corticosteroids and bronchodilators to reduce muscular spasms in the lungs. ...
bronchial spasms;. *arthritis and arthralgia (joint pain);. *myalgia (muscle pain);. *polyneuritis (inflammation of several ...
bronchial spasms;. *arthritis and arthralgia (joint pain);. *myalgia (muscle pain);. *polyneuritis (inflammation of several ...
Marked resistance to ventilation is expected due to bronchial constriction and spasm. Resistance lessens after administration ...
  • Also known as a Bronchial Spasm , a Bronchospasm happens when a person experiences a sudden abnormal constriction in the smooth muscles of the bronchi walls, resulting in the narrowing of the airways and obstruction of breathing. (medicalook.com)
  • These controller agents treat the underlying inflammation that causes bronchospasm by reducing bronchial swelling. (healthfully.com)
  • This occurs due to a bronchospasm, or muscle spasm of the bronchioles, which tightens the airway, thereby reducing air flow. (answers.com)
  • bronchial spasm bronchospasm . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A nonproductive cough, particularly at night, may mean spasms in the bronchial tubes (bronchospasm) caused by irritation. (webmd.com)
  • A bronchial spasm is a sporadic, uncontrollable tightening of the smooth muscle of the bronchi (airways into the lungs). (healthfully.com)
  • Magnesium relaxes bronchial muscles letting air flow to lungs. (treatforlife.com)
  • COPD and Bronchial Asthma are the most common diseases of the Lungs in which 4-10% of Adults in the world are ill of COPD. (hubpages.com)
  • Conventional medical treatment generally includes corticosteroids and bronchodilators to reduce muscular spasms in the lungs. (ehow.co.uk)
  • These pollutants injure the linings of the lungs and cause spasms. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Bronchial asthma - A paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of breathing, characterized by spasm of the bronchial tubes of the lungs, wheezing, and difficulty in breathing air outward, often accompanied by coughing and a feeling of tightness in the chest. (google.com)
  • This means the bronchial tubes that carry oxygen to your lungs swell when you exercise. (livestrong.com)
  • When there is an excessive amount of mucous buildup in the airways of the lungs, the bronchial tubes become inflamed and restricted. (vetinfo.com)
  • Supports the free flow of air through the lungs by helping to prevent the constriction of the bronchials and promoting the relaxation of the bronchial tubes that are in spasm. (wholeworldbotanicals.com)
  • This clears the bronchial and nasal passages, frees one from cold, headache, etc., and increases the breathing capacity of the lungs. (sivanandaonline.org)
  • During a spasm, the respiratory airways narrow severely, limiting the flow of air. (healthfully.com)
  • For those whose bronchial spasms are caused by transient illnesses like viral respiratory infections, inhalers are good short-term measures. (healthfully.com)
  • Bronchial asthma sufferers are also likely to experience attacks after a cold or respiratory infection, or after exercise, should they become winded.Spasms and InflammationBronchial asthma sufferers experience common asthma symptoms, such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and tightness in the chest when their bronchial tree becomes inflamed. (answers.com)
  • respiratory irritation, bronchial spasms, and coughing. (cdc.gov)
  • Containing relatively high levels of manganese, vitamin A, and vitamin C, lobelia is currently employed as a blood cleanser and used as a respiratory stimulant to treat bronchial and spasmodic asthma and chronic bronchitis. (factbites.com)
  • Tylophora indica (asthmatica): this herb, traditionally used in the management of bronchial asthma and respiratory problems, may act by directly stimulating the adrenal cortex. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A disease of the respiratory system where the muscles which line the bronchial tubes become inflamed. (seacoast.com)
  • The spasm may be confined to one group of muscles or it may be severe and fairly generalized, as in convulsions convulsion, sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of the muscles of the body, often accompanied by loss of consciousness. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Spasms may affect striated skeletal muscles (for example, with certain paralyses) or smooth muscles. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Subject to spasms are the smooth muscles of the vascular wall (for instance, during angina pectoris), the bronchi, the esophagus (cardiospasm), and the intestine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Spasms of different muscle groups are designated by specific terms, for example, trismus (spasm of the masticatory muscles) and blepharospasm (spasm of the ring muscle of the eye). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Spasm may arise spontaneously or as a reaction to external influences, for example, spasm of the gastrocnemius muscles after chilling in water. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In addition to spasm of striated muscles, there is spasm of smooth muscles, for example, cardiospasm and pylorospasm. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bronchodilators treat the symptoms of bronchial spasms by relaxing the smooth muscles around the airways. (healthfully.com)
  • When we are deficient in magnesium, muscles can spasm and get cramped. (treatforlife.com)
  • Allergies cause muscles cramp in the bronchial tracts. (treatforlife.com)
  • It helps bronchial muscles relax. (treatforlife.com)
  • Magnesium relaxes bronchial muscles. (treatforlife.com)
  • Dill pickle juice has stopped severe muscle spasms that begin in my legs and spread quickly to all muscles in both legs. (medicinenet.com)
  • Next, the bronchial muscles spasm. (ehow.co.uk)
  • spasms usually occur when the nerves supplying muscles are irritated, and are often accompanied by pain. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In a convulsive spasm the entire body is jerked by sudden violent movements that may involve almost all the muscles. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • nodding spasm clonic spasm of the sternomastoid muscles, causing a nodding motion of the head. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • saltatory spasm clonic spasms of the muscles of the lower limbs, producing a peculiar jumping or springing action. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • facial spasm tonic spasm of the muscles supplied by the facial nerve, involving the entire side of the face or confined to a limited area about the eye. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Breathing mindfully relaxes the bronchial muscles and makes them less susceptible to spasm. (nymag.com)
  • Whether you call it a placebo effect or not, it appears to quiet spasms and relax muscles that pinch nerves. (nymag.com)
  • hissing respiration from spasm of laryngeal and bronchial muscles). (homeoint.org)
  • This causes a spasm in the muscles that line the walls of the bronchial tubes. (vetinfo.com)
  • Bronchial dilators are useful for treating quick inflammation because they provoke instant expansion of the airways. (healthfully.com)
  • Inflammation or irritation in the airways, which can result from a variety of factors, causes bronchial spasms, explains Baylor Scott & White Health. (reference.com)
  • The most common are the syndromes of bronchial inflammation and delay of sputum. (hubpages.com)
  • The result is paroxysmal constriction of the bronchial airways. (answers.com)
  • Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways which causes their narrowing with consequent breathing difficulties (dyspnea). (steadyhealth.com)
  • Bronchitis and Bronchial spasms? (healthboards.com)
  • Bronchoectases independently don't course bronchial obstruction but frequently associates with chronic bronchitis, pneumonia or hiredetary abnormalities that course the obstruction or other syndromes. (hubpages.com)
  • Chronic bronchitis is caused by inhaling bronchial irritants, especially cigarette smoke. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Relieves bronchial spasm in asthma, emphysema, bronchitis. (homemademedicine.com)
  • When I got the treatment today, the inserted tracheal needle immediately released the spasms I had in my bronchi, much like a lock dropping open when the key is inserted and turned, this tracheal needle was removed within 15 seconds. (insiderpages.com)
  • Mullein**-Verbascum thapsus: Traditional cough remedy that soothes dry and inflamed throat and bronchi, clears mucus, allays bronchial spasms, shrinks swollen glands. (homemademedicine.com)
  • Asthma that is caused by spasmodic contraction of the muscular walls of the bronchial tubes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bronchial asthma sufferers also experience an increased production of mucus, which clogs passages and blocks the airway.ConsiderationsIn some cases, bronchial asthma is life-threatening. (answers.com)
  • The narrowing is caused by spasm of smooth muscle, edema of the mucosa, and the presence of mucus in the airway resulting from an immunologic reaction that can be induced by allergies, irritants, infection, stress, and other factors in a genetically predisposed individual. (yourdictionary.com)
  • A cough is a natural reaction, designed to expel irritating, toxic material and mucus accumulations in the bronchial tubes. (homemademedicine.com)
  • Many are demulcents, soothing irritated bronchial tubes while others are expectorants, helping expel tough, adherent mucus. (homemademedicine.com)
  • Smoking stimulates mucus production in the bronchial tubes, which must be continuously flushed out by coughing. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • Skeletal-muscle spasms make movement difficult, and smooth-muscle spasms disrupt various functions of organs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • What Causes Muscle Spasms? (medicinenet.com)
  • What treatment did you use for your muscle spasms? (medicinenet.com)
  • Muscle spasms used to happen while driving, in leg, toes, calf, and thigh to the point that I'd have to pull off road and walk around the car several times. (medicinenet.com)
  • I take Lyrica now and it helps with the muscle spasms. (medicinenet.com)
  • By the 1970s, many Vietnam War veterans used marijuana to reduce muscle spasms from injuries sustained in battle. (accuquote.com)
  • Bronchial spasm (paroxysmal and steady) - Expiratory dyspnoe, dry cough, dry rales. (hubpages.com)
  • Trachea and bronchial narrowing - inspiratory dyspnoe, cough, restriction of chest movements. (hubpages.com)
  • What is bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea wheezing and cough? (answers.com)
  • Diagnostic value of laboratory and instrumental investigations for bronchial obstruction and it peculiarities in patients with lung diseases is completely described in methodological instructions to lesson 1 in pulmonology. (hubpages.com)
  • Tics often accompany other types of spasm, as in such diseases as cerebral palsy and sydenham's chorea , and may also be seen in neuralgia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • You can get allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma, due to allergies. (answers.com)
  • The traditional usage of this herbal is to open up bronchial tubes which are in spasm (lung support), to coughup phlegm, stop allergic reactions, and relieve muscle pain. (wholeworldbotanicals.com)
  • The bronchial tubes of asthma sufferers are hyper-responsive, meaning that they are affected by allergens and environmental factors. (answers.com)
  • Diagnosis of bronchial asthma is made based on anamnesis from the patient, patient's medical history, and functional tests of lung function and skin patch tests for common allergens. (steadyhealth.com)
  • While the tissue of the bronchial tubes is more sensitive in some cats than others, any time irritants or allergens are present, the possibility of asthma exists. (vetinfo.com)
  • The chest radiograph will show any constriction of the bronchial tubes. (vetinfo.com)
  • There are several different classes of medication used to treat bronchial spasms. (healthfully.com)
  • Bronchial asthma in acute exacerbation management? (answers.com)
  • The term 'bronchial' is used to differentiate it from 'cardiac' asthma, which is a separate condition that is caused by heart failure. (answers.com)
  • It may cause hypotension, cardiac rate changes, and bronchial spasms. (nih.gov)
  • People who have asthma or emphysema are susceptible to bronchial hyperactivity. (healthfully.com)
  • Treatment for bronchial spasms includes bronchodilators, inhaled steroids and anticholinergics, states Drugs.com. (reference.com)
  • Most patients who suffer with bronchial asthma have 'symptom free' periods punctuated by attacks, with wheezing and shortness of breath.They are both basically the same. (answers.com)
  • wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath are the symptoms of asthma but when it comes to bronchial asthma there are some other important symptoms you can find that is an asthma attack, mild fever make asthma symptoms worse. (answers.com)
  • It is important to control bronchial asthma symptoms with the help of a qualified health care professional.Common SymptomsSymptoms of bronchial asthma involve chronic asthma attacks which include, but are not limited to, coughing and wheezing, shortness of breath and a feeling of tightness in the chest. (answers.com)
  • Also called bronchial asthma, asthma is an inflammatory lung disease that causes chronic attacks that restrict airflow. (answers.com)
  • To relax the spasm of biliary and uretered colic and bronchial spasm. (nih.gov)
  • Magnesium relaxes the lining of the bronchial tract. (treatforlife.com)
  • Aminophylline relaxes bronchial smooth muscle thereby relieving bronchial spasm. (intekom.com)
  • People wanting to support their health naturally have a powerful plant ally which clears nasal congestion, relaxes bronchial tubes, and acts as an expectorant. (wholeworldbotanicals.com)
  • What conditions cause contraction of the bronchial smooth muscle? (answers.com)
  • Asthma causes contraction of the bronchial smooth muscle. (answers.com)
  • Bronchial asthma sufferers that experience coughs and wheezing often have trouble sleeping at night.Hyper-Responsive AirwayBronchial asthma patients suffer from a hyper-responsive airway. (answers.com)
  • Bronchial mucous hypersecretion - deals with changes of neuro-humoral regulation or irritation of mucosa. (hubpages.com)
  • I now wish I had gone at the start of the asthma attack, so that my bronchial mucosa would not have been damaged by the constant swelling from the pollen irritant and forced shrinkage with the epinephrine inhaler, the spasms were not even completely relieved by the inhaler. (insiderpages.com)
  • I now only have a little bit of rales and rhonchi left, I know these will disappear within three days time once my bronchial mucosa heals up on its own. (insiderpages.com)
  • Laryngeal and bronchial spasms, associated with deathly nausea. (hpathy.com)
  • Pathogenesis of bronchial obstruction is based on ventilation disturbances caused by etiological factor. (hubpages.com)
  • The obstructive btonchitis is the main cause of bronchial obstruction. (hubpages.com)
  • Pneumonia may worse the previously persisted bronchial obstruction. (hubpages.com)
  • Methacholine bronchial provocation test and, 24 h later, free running test were carried out. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In tonic spasm, the tension persists for a long time, and in clonic spasm, there are synchronous jerking muscular contractions, which may be diffuse or limited. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The airway begins to restrict and spasm when patients are exposed to a number of environmental factors, such as pollution, cigarette smoke or dust. (answers.com)
  • Reduces heart rate, breathing, bronchial constriction. (innerself.com)
  • The impression is developing bronchial pneumonia. (myalcaponemuseum.com)
  • Primary cause Bronchial Pneumonia 48 hours contributing Apoplexy 4 days. (myalcaponemuseum.com)
  • That night my grandmother took me to the hospital because she thought I that I had bronchial pneumonia and lack of oxygen, because I had a severe headache. (straightdope.com)
  • Bronchial Asthma-Symptoms of an Asthma Attack? (answers.com)
  • Bronchial asthma sufferers experience a number of these symptoms during an asthma attack. (answers.com)
  • Spasms vary from mild twitches to severe convulsions and may be the symptoms of any number of disorders. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Asthma symptoms like bronchial spasms begin occurring at gas concentrations of 5 ppm. (ehow.co.uk)
  • They are, however, useful for the prevention of exercise-induced bronchial spasms if taken 30 minutes before exercise. (healthfully.com)
  • The movements are rapid and always repeated in the same way, unlike the spasms associated with chorea. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, the ultimate treatment of feline asthma is the reduction of mucous buildup in the bronchial tubes. (vetinfo.com)
  • Operating on this idea, they administered atropine to suppress such spasms, and found this treatment to be effective. (wikipedia.org)
  • this is the most common type of spasm and usually is not severe. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • it is marked by severe flexion spasms of the head, neck, and trunk and extension of the arms and legs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Between 1974 and 1992, 447 patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome were treated, seven of whom had associated severe bronchial asthma. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Lobelia is an extremely powerful and concentrated plant that has an immediate effect, even in very small doses: chewing one-half of a small leaf is enough to provoke severe salivation, or at the very least, to lead to throat spasms and palpitations. (factbites.com)
  • Bronchial Asthma: Diagnosis and Long-Term Treatment in Adults. (steadyhealth.com)
  • The smooth lining of the bronchial tract could be relaxed with the help of magnesium. (treatforlife.com)
  • People do not need to grasp for air when spasms occur. (treatforlife.com)
  • My doctors are stumped, I"ve had all sorts of tests, the last to be a muscle biopsy in the area where the spasm occur the most. (medicinenet.com)
  • The coughing spasms can be especially frustrating, as you might feel as though you have a tickle in your throat or need to crouch to rid your chest of tightness. (livestrong.com)