Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)
A diuretic and renal diagnostic aid related to sorbitol. It has little significant energy value as it is largely eliminated from the body before any metabolism can take place. It can be used to treat oliguria associated with kidney failure or other manifestations of inadequate renal function and has been used for determination of glomerular filtration rate. Mannitol is also commonly used as a research tool in cell biological studies, usually to control osmolarity.
Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of foods containing GLUTEN, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
Plasma glycoprotein member of the serpin superfamily which inhibits TRYPSIN; NEUTROPHIL ELASTASE; and other PROTEOLYTIC ENZYMES.
Deficiency of the protease inhibitor ALPHA 1-ANTITRYPSIN that manifests primarily as PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA and LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
An early local inflammatory reaction to insult or injury that consists of fever, an increase in inflammatory humoral factors, and an increased synthesis by hepatocytes of a number of proteins or glycoproteins usually found in the plasma.
A family of intercellular signaling proteins that play and important role in regulating the development of many TISSUES and organs. Their name derives from the observation of a hedgehog-like appearance in DROSOPHILA embryos with genetic mutations that block their action.
Phenotypic changes of EPITHELIAL CELLS to MESENCHYME type, which increase cell mobility critical in many developmental processes such as NEURAL TUBE development. NEOPLASM METASTASIS and DISEASE PROGRESSION may also induce this transition.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
A meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.

Broncholithiasis: rare but still present. (1/308)

Broncholithiasis is a rare but distinct and potentially dangerous pulmonary problem that still needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis of some patients with bronchial obstruction. Broncholiths originate from calcified material in peribronchial lymph nodes eroding into the tracheobronchial tree. The clinical and chest X-ray signs are usually non-specific, but the diagnosis can nowadays be made based on clinical suspicion, CT-scan and fibre-optic bronchoscopy findings, so that a malignant cause of airway obstruction can be ruled out. The removal of broncholiths during fibre-optic bronchoscopy is seldom possible and rather dangerous. They can be removed safely by rigid bronchoscopy with the aid of Nd-YAG laser photocoagulation. Thoracotomy is indicated in complicated cases with fistula formation or severe bleeding.  (+info)

A resuscitated case from asphyxia by large bronchial cast. (2/308)

A 62-year-old woman with bronchiectasis suffered from asphyxia due to a large bronchial cast that obstructed the bronchial tree. Immediate bronchoscopic suction of a bronchial cast of 17 cm in length through the intubated tube relieved the patients without any complications. Large bronchial casts appear to be rare in this century but it should be considered in patients with acute exacerbation of excessive sputa not only in patients with asthma or allergy but also in patients with respiratory tract infection.  (+info)

Tracheobronchial malacia and stenosis in children in intensive care: bronchograms help to predict oucome. (3/308)

BACKGROUND: Severe tracheobronchial malacia and stenosis are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children in intensive care, but little is known about how best to diagnose these conditions or determine their prognosis. METHODS: The records of all 62 children in whom one or both of these conditions had been diagnosed by contrast cinetracheobronchography in our intensive care unit in the period 1986-95 were studied. RESULTS: Seventy four per cent of the 62 children had congenital heart disease; none was a preterm baby with airways disease associated with prolonged ventilation. Fifteen of the children had airway stenosis without malacia; three died because of the stenosis and two died from other causes. Twenty eight of the 47 children with malacia died; only eight children survived without developmental or respiratory handicap. All children needing ventilation for malacia for longer than 14 consecutive days died if their bronchogram showed moderate or severe malacia of either main bronchus (15 cases), or malacia of any severity of both bronchi (three additional cases); all children needing ventilation for malacia for longer than 21 consecutive days died if their bronchogram showed malacia of any severity of the trachea or a main bronchus (three additional cases). These findings were strongly associated with a fatal outcome (p<0.00005); they were present in 21 children (all of whom died) and absent in 26 (of whom seven died, six from non-respiratory causes). They had a positive predictive value for death of 100%, but the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval was 83.9% so up to 16% of patients meeting the criteria might survive. CONCLUSION: In this series the findings on contrast cinetracheobronchography combined with the duration of ventilation provided a useful guide to the prognosis of children with tracheobronchomalacia. The information provided by bronchoscopy was less useful.  (+info)

Lung involvement in primary Sjogren's syndrome is mainly related to the small airway disease. (4/308)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lung involvement in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome. METHODS: Sixty one consecutive, non-smoking patients, 58 women and three men, were evaluated clinically, physiologically, and radiologically. A bronchial and/or transbronchial biopsy was performed on 13 of the patients. Physiological data were compared with that of a control group of 53 healthy non-smoking subjects matched for age and sex. RESULTS: In 41% of the patients the main symptom was dry cough. Physiological studies revealed that the patients presented significantly lower expiratory flow values (% pred) when compared with those of the control group: the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (mean (SD)) was 96% (16) v 111% (13) (p < 0.0001), the maximal expiratory flow at the 50% of the vital capacity (MEF50) was 72% (24) v 103% (17) (p < 0.0001), and the maximal expiratory flow at the 25% of the vital capacity (MEF25) was 49% (25) v 98% (20) (p < 0.0001). No significant difference was noted for the carbon monoxide diffusion value (% pred), between patients and controls. Blood gases were evaluated in 44 patients: mild hypoxemia was observed, and the alveolo-arterial oxygen difference (P(A-a)O2) correlated significantly with MEF50 (r = 0.35, p < 0.01) and MEF25 (r = 0.33, p < 0.01) values. Chest radiography showed mild, interstitial-like changes in 27 patients while slightly increased markings were present in 21. High resolution computed tomography of the lungs was performed in 32 patients (four with a normal chest radiograph, six with suspected interstitial pattern, 19 with apparent interstitial pattern, and three with hyperinflation) and revealed predominantly wall thickening at the segmental bronchi. All positive findings by computed tomography derived from the patients with abnormal chest radiographs. Transbronchial and/or endobronchial biopsy specimens in 10 of the 11 sufficient tissue samples revealed peribronchial and/or peribronchiolar mononuclear inflammation, while interstitial inflammation coexisted in two patients. CONCLUSION: The airway epithelia seem to be the main target of the inflammatory lesion of the lung in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome. It seems to be common, subclinically leading to obstructive small airway physiological abnormalities.  (+info)

Overexpression of cyclins D1 and E is frequent in bronchial preneoplasia and precedes squamous cell carcinoma development. (5/308)

Increased protein expression of the G1 cyclins D1 and E is reported in invasive non-small cell lung carcinoma. However, during transformation of the bronchial epithelium, overexpression of these species occurs, and their relationship to aberrant expression of p53 and retinoblastoma (Rb) has not been described previously. To determine the expression of these cell cycle regulators during the development of invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lung, the immunohistochemical expression patterns in normal bronchial epithelium (n = 36), squamous metaplasia (SM; n = 28), and epithelial atypia (n = 34) were compared with that in low-grade dysplasia (LGD; n = 17), high-grade bronchial dysplasia (HGD; n = 30), and SCC (n = 36). Monoclonal anti-p53 Pab1801, polyclonal anti-cyclin D1 DCS6, monoclonal anti-cyclin E HE12, and monoclonal anti-Rb OP-66 antibodies were used. Cyclin D1 was not expressed in normal bronchial epithelium but was detected in 7% of SMs, 15% of atypias; 18% of LGDs, 47% of HGDs, and 42% of SCCs. Cyclin E was not detected in normal epithelium (n = 24), SM (n = 16), or LGD (n = 12), but it was found in 9% of atypias (2 of 22), 33% of HGDs (7 of 21), and 54% of SCCs (13 of 24). p53 was not expressed in normal epithelium, SM, and LGD, but it was overexpressed in 6% of atypias, 53% of HGDs, and 61% of SCCs. Abnormal Rb expression was found only in 2 of 36 cases of SCC. A total of 91% of HGDs and 92% of SCCs exhibited overexpression of at least one of the p53, cyclin D1, or cyclin E species. However, no link was observed between overexpression of p53 and the overexpressed G1 cyclins in preneoplastic lesions. Overexpression of cyclin D1, cyclin E, and p53 occurs frequently and independently in pulmonary SCC and is detected in lesions before the development of invasive carcinoma. In contrast, altered Rb expression is a late and infrequent event in squamous cell carcinogenesis.  (+info)

Intrabronchial Aspergillus nidulans infection in an immunocompetent man. (6/308)

We describe the first report of intrabronchial Aspergillus nidulans infection in an immunocompetent patient, which fit the description of bronchocentric granulomatosis. The patient had a history of accidental aspiration of light grade oil. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed that the right B4aii alpha was obstructed. Endobronchial biopsy specimens contained fungal hyphae. The fungus was confirmed to be Aspergillus nidulans by culture. We suspected that aspiration of light grade oil had injured the bronchial mucosa, after which airborne Aspergillus nidulans had entered the lesion and multiplied. Intrabronchial fungal infection can occur in a healthy person without immunologic abnormalities, if a bronchial lesion provides an entry portal.  (+info)

Endobronchial actinomycosis simulating endobronchial tuberculosis: a case report. (7/308)

We report a case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with mild exertional dyspnea and cough. Fiberoptic bronchoscopic findings revealed an endobronchial polypoid lesion with stenotic bronchus. The lesion was very similar to endobronchial tuberculosis. Histologic examination of the biopsy specimen demonstrated Actinomyces infection. There was a clinical response to intravenous penicillin therapy. Primary endobronchial actinomycosis must be considered in the differential diagnosis of an endobronchial lesion, especially endobronchial tuberculosis in Korea.  (+info)

Airway coccidioidomycosis--report of cases and review. (8/308)

Infection due to Coccidioides immitis usually begins in the lungs. Despite the initial pulmonary portal of entry, endotracheal and endobronchial coccidioidomycosis has rarely been described. Since the introduction of fiberoptic bronchoscopy and the AIDS epidemic, more C. immitis lesions of the large airways have been noted. We present data on 38 cases of coccidioidomycosis of the airways, including 6 cases detailed from our own experience and 32 from the literature. Direct infection of the airways (28 cases) is a more common mechanism of airways disease than is erosion into the airways from a lymph node (5 cases). Bronchoscopic findings vary and may show mucosal involvement or intrinsic obstruction. Endotracheal and endobronchial disease is not a self-limited disease and requires antifungal therapy. Disseminated disease in these patients is common. Coccidioidomycosis must be considered in the differential diagnosis of airway pathology.  (+info)

We report a case of bronchial cast in a boy 1 year and 5 months old. Bronchial casts often obstruct the main bronchi, causing dyspnea and hypoxia. The bronchial cast was studied pathologically, with findings of eosinophilia and neutrophilic infiltration; the cast seemed to involve an allergic reaction. Such casts can be removed during bronchoscopy, but we used aspiration.
Tuberculous infection of the tracheobronchial tree confirmed by microbiological or histopathological evidence with or without parenchymal involvement is known as endobronchial tuberculosis. Chronic cough is the predominant symptom. Expectorated sputum examination for acid fast bacilli is often negative leading to delay in diagnosis. Therefore, bronchoscopy is crucial for early diagnosis and evaluation of the extent of disease. Bronchostenosis is a significant complication of endobronchial tuberculosis that may be present at the time of diagnosis or develops during the course of treatment. Previously, corticosteroids have been used along with antitubercular therapy to prevent or reduce the extent of bronchostenosis; however, their role is debatable as bronchostenosis often develops despite the use of corticosteroids. Furthermore, the duration of treatment varied from 6-9 months of daily therapy in previous series and little is known about efficacy of intermittent antituberculous therapy. Here we ...
Keutel syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by diffuse cartilage calcification, peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis, midface retrusion, and short distal phalanges. To date, 28 patients from 18 families have been reported, and five mutations in the matrix Gla protein gene (MGP) have been identified. The matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a vitamin K-dependent extracellular protein that functions as a calcification inhibitor through incompletely understood mechanisms. We present the clinical manifestations of three affected siblings from a consanguineous Turkish family, in whom we detected the sixth MGP mutation (c.79G>T, which predicts p.E27X) and a fourth unrelated patient in whom we detected the seventh MGP mutation, a partial deletion of exon 4. Both mutations predict complete loss of MGP function. One of the patients presented initially with a working diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis. Clinical features suggestive of Keutel syndrome were also observed in one additional ...
Bronchoplasty definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
Arguably the simplest way to achieve one-lung ventilation is through deliberate bronchial intubation with a standard endotracheal tube. If this is used as a blind technique, the tube is most likely to go down the right main bronchus, as the course of the right main bronchus is more in line with the trachea than the course of the left, which comes off at the carina at a bigger angle.. [drawing]. This technique has several drawbacks: When a standard ETT is used to intubate the right main bronchus, the tube cuff is very likely to occlude the right upper lobe bronchus. So in addition to isolating the left lung this technique can inadvertently also isolate a significant part of the right lung. A second disadvantage is that left main bronchus intubation is not reliably achieved when this technique is used blindly. A fiberoptic scope is therefore frequently necessary to place a tube into the left main bronchus.. ...
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Fibrinous casts are formed in the bronchial tubes under several conditions, such as the presence of diphtheria and pneumonia, and blood-casts may appear in connection with hemoptysis; but apart from these, there occurs an independent disorder, in which bronchial casts are expelled in paroxysms attended with dyspnea and cough. Of this last-named condition, the etiology and the pathology are obscure. The disorder is generally chronic and characterized by recurring paroxysms. Opinions differ as to the nature of the casts expelled, which are believed by some to be really fibrinous, and by others mucinous. It has also been suggested that the bronchial casts result from chylous exudation, but this view has not received acceptance. A case presenting several interesting features was demonstrated a short time ago by Strauss1 at a meeting of the Association of Charité Physicians at Berlin. The patient was a man, 58 years old, with a history
Airway remodelling is a critical feature of chronic bronchial diseases, characterised by aberrant repair of the epithelium and accumulation of fibroblasts, which contribute to extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition resulting in fixed bronchial obstruction. Recently, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been identified as a new source of fibroblasts that could contribute to the remodelling of the airways. This phenomenon consists of the loss of the epithelial phenotype by bronchial epithelial cells and the acquisition of a mesenchymal phenotype. These cells are then able to migrate and secrete ECM molecules. Herein, we review the different types of EMT. We will then focus on the signalling pathways that are involved, such as transforming growth factor-b and Wnt, as well as the more recently described Sonic Hedgehog pathway. Finally, we will highlight the implication of EMT in airway remodelling in specific chronic bronchial pathologies, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and
List of 25 disease causes of Bronchial obstruction, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Bronchial obstruction.
Chronic bronchial disease constitutes a significant, yet underdiagnosed, cause of both chronic cough and episodic and acute-onset respiratory distress in mature dogs and cats. Untreated chronic bronchial disease is a debilitating, progressive respiratory syndrome that results in decreased exercise tolerance, inactivity, paroxysmal respiratory distress, airway collapse and even death. With proper medical treatment, however, the prognosis for the effective long term management of chronic bronchial disease, even in severe cases, can be good.. ...
Bronchial obstruction answers are found in the Diagnosaurus powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
Right main bronchus is wider and deviates less from the axis of the trachea (the left main bronchus has a tighter turn over the heart), which is why foreign bodies will tend to the right ...
[A bronchial disease that is characterized by chronic inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors resulting in recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound while breathing), chest tightness, shortness of breath, mucus production and coughing. The symptoms appear due to a variety of triggers such as allergens, irritants, respiratory infections, weather changes, excercise, stress, reflux disease, medications, foods and emotional anxiety., A chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways., A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL)., Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in
Cough is the most common clinical sign associated with tracheal and bronchial disease. Following a history and thorough physical examination to rule out
noun a disease of the bones, in which they lose their earthy material, and become soft, flexible, and distorted. also called malacia.
A 39-year-old woman underwent bronchoscopy because of shortness of breath and audible breathing upon exertion. An advanced tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica was diagnosed. Twenty years later, the womans health status is stable, she has no cough or excessive mucous production, but she does suffer from effort dyspnea. Difficulties may arise if there is need for intubation in patients with tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica because of the nodules protruding inward from the cartilage rings.. ...
Keutel syndrome (KS) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by abnormal diffuse cartilage calcification, hypoplasia of the mid-face, peripheral pulmonary stenosis, hearing loss, short distal phalanges (tips) of the fingers and mild mental retardation. Individuals with KS often present with peripheral pulmonary stenosis, brachytelephalangism, sloping forehead, midface hypoplasia, and receding chin. It is associated with abnormalities in the gene coding for matrix gla protein (MGP). Being an autosomal recessive disorder, it may be inherited from two unaffected, abnormal MGP-carrying parents. Thus, people who inherit two affected MGP genes will likely inherit KS. It was first identified in 1972 as a novel rare genetic disorder sharing similar symptoms with chondrodysplasia punctata. Multiple forms of chondrodysplasia punctata share symptoms consistent with KS including abnormal cartilage calcification, forceful respiration, brachytelephalangism, hypotonia, psychomotor delay, ...
The histopathology of these lesions demonstrates calcium and phosphate deposits within small islands under the tracheal mucosa. More recently, factors such as bone morphogenetic protein 2 and transforming growth factor beta 1 have been implicated in potentially playing a role in formation of new bone and cartilage [5]. These calcium and bone deposits are in direct contact with the natural C-shaped anatomical structure of the tracheal rings - and therefore TBOC deposits are limited to the anterior and lateral walls of the trachea. The posterior wall of the trachea is membranous and is therefore spared [7]. This is an important trait in narrowing the differential diagnosis of tracheal lesions, and posterior wall involvement of the trachea increases suspicion for other disease pathologies including amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, polychondritis and malignancies such as lung cancer [7,8]. The role of biopsy is to confirm diagnosis and evaluate for associated conditions. Bronchoscopy is considered the gold ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Phycomycosis. T2 - A cause of bronchial obstruction. AU - Donohue, J. F.. AU - Scott, R. J.. AU - Walker, David. AU - Bromberg, P. A.. PY - 1980. Y1 - 1980. N2 - A patient with diabetes mellitus presented with an obstructing mycetoma in the right bronchus intermedius due to Phycomycetes. Review of the literature revealed eight prior case reports of patients with prominent endobronchial disease attributable to phycomycosis. Indolent, obstructing lesions in large bronchi were noted in diabetics. The clinical illness differed from the fulminant fungal pneumonia noted in leukemics but was also lethal because of localized complications such as erosion into the pulmonary artery. The differential diagnosis included mucoid impaction, bronchocentric granulomatosis, and mycotic bronchitis. Surgical resection appears to be the appropriate therapy for well localized bronchial lesions.. AB - A patient with diabetes mellitus presented with an obstructing mycetoma in the right bronchus ...
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Background: Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TO) is a pulmonary orphan disease and consists at the presence of multiple osseous or cartilaginous nodules localised in the submucosa of the tracheobronchial wall. These nodules protrude into the lumen of the trachea and the large bronchi, leading to the airway obstruction.The disease does not involve other organs.. Method: We studied in retrospective all cases of TO diagnosed with fiberoptic bronchoscopy for the period 2001 - 2011. In our hospital we realise aproximately 1200 bronchocopies per year.. Results: We found 17 cases, 52 % were female and 48 % male. The average age was 40.6 years, 42 % were smokers (∼40 UPA) without family history for TO. The duration of symptoms till the diagnostic was 2.3 years. The most frequent symptoms were: cough 100 %, sputum 64 %, dyspnea 41 %, haemoptisis 5 %, and erythema nodosa 5 %. The laboratory findings demonstrate an increase of sediment in 58 % of cases, 11 % leucocytosis and all the others were ...
Although the sine qua non of atelectasis is the loss of volume of lung tissue, whether the entire lung, lobar, segmental or subsegmental, a myriad of pathologic factors may induce the same result.1 Resorptive atelectasis is due to endobronchial obstruction, intralumenally as by a tumor or mucus plug or by extrinsic bronchial compression, as in lymphadenopathy.2 Passive atelectasis is caused by parenchymal compression extrinsic to the lung tissue, such as a pleural effusion, pneumothorax, or hypovenilation, while an intraparenchymal mass may, itself, result in compressive atelectasis of an adjacent region of lung. Finally, interstitial fibrosis of any source leads to a loss of lung volume known as cicatrizing atelectasis 3 Acute, obstructive atelectasis often leads to sudden respiratory distress, but insidious pulmonary volume loss may be asymptomatic.1 Therefore, radiology plays a key role in detecting the presence, location and possible source of atelectasis. Plain film radiography provides a ...
Inflammation of the small airways contributes to the severity of the disease and affects the quality of life of patients with asthma. However, the exact role and relevance of small airways disease in asthma is still unclear. This is partly due to the difficulty of measuring small airways pathology with a sensitive and specific parameter. The most commonly used variable as an indicator of small airway obstruction is the FEF50%. Currently, it is not known which clinical symptoms are associated with small airways disease and how a patient will perceive small airway abnormalities. This knowledge is important to assess small airways disease in patients with asthma and adjust therapy to improve quality of life.The primary purpose of this study is to develop a questionnaire for patients with asthma with and without small airways disease for general and specialist practice ...
The aim: To determine the most informative immunological and molecular genetic factors which reflect the characteristics of the inflammatory process and make it possible to predict the development of bronchial obstruction during acute bronchitis in infants. Materials and methods: 120 children aged from 6 months to 3 years old with acute bronchitis were examined. We determined NF-κB expression level in peripheral blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry method, the serum concentrations of interferon-γ, interleukins 4, 12 and 13 by ELISA, total IgE serum level by ECLIA and calculated the relative risk (RR) for each of these parameters. Results: The risk of bronchial obstruction development was high when the relative number of lymphocytes expressing NF-κB was under 49.8% (RR=3.27, 95% CI=2.09-4.92). IL-12 serum concentration from 41.35 pg/ml to 173.06 pg/ml (RR=5.35, 95% CI=2.82-9.15) and IL-13 serum concentration from 4.06 pg/ml to 6.71 pg/ml (RR=4.0, 95% CI=2.39-6.41) were early predictors of the ...
Koss M N y Travis W D. Allergic bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis, Mucoid impaction of Bronchi and Bronchocentric Granulomatosis. En: Pathology of Pulmonary Disease, Cap. 63. Ed. por M J Salda a. J B Lippincott Co. Philadelphia 1.994: 733-739 ...
in Cardiac Connection Using new lymphatic imaging tools and catheterization techniques, a team of experts from The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania eliminated bronchial casts from the airway of a 6-year-old patient. ...
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Multiple Choice Test 1) The right middle lobe bronchus: One answer only. A. Comes off the right main bronchus 3cm belo
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were previously thought to be disorders affecting predominantly the central airways. It is now well known that small peripheral airways are also pathologically and clinically involved. Measurement techniques, such as spirometry, have mostly focused on larger airways but in recent times more sophisticated methods are being used to investigate the involvement of this distal zone. These tests are integral for measuring the effects of newer asthma treatments, which are composed of smaller particles that have the ability to reach these peripheral areas. The aim of this review is to look at the involvement of small airways disease in COPD and asthma, the tests that can measure dysfunction in these areas and the treatments that target peripheral airways.. ...
Many patients are interested in how to dilute Fluimucil solution for inhalation? To prepare a medical basis, it is necessary to open one ampoule with the drug and dilute its contents in saline or cooled boiled water in the same proportions, that is 1: 1. It is necessary to prepare the solution in glassware, because metal and rubber containers negatively affect the activity of the active substance.. The therapeutic mixture is not recommended to be placed in an ultrasonic nebulizer, because its use leads to the rapid destruction of the active substance Fluimucil. For inhalation, use a compressor device that provides the desired therapeutic effect.. Fluimucil against cough in the form of a solution for intratracheal treatment in order to cleanse the bronchi is used in case of prescribing therapeutic bronchoscopy. According to the instructions in this case shows from 1-2 or more vials per day, depending on the condition of the patient.. For topical use, Fluimucil is instilled into the nose in a dose ...
tracheal and bronchial stenosis, and the only chance she had was to do reconstructive surgery. The chances were not great that the surgery would work, but without it she was certain to die from the stenosis at some point fairly soon. They told us to pray and to just love her. I prefer reality to sugar-coating, but it was a terrifying thing to hear them say. I guess I figured that if they were telling us to trust in God, rather than to trust in the doctors, then it must be really, really bad. And it certainly turned out to be. I wish my faith in either God or the doctors could have saved her. But at least I listened to their advice about loving her. I held her every moment I could. I just wish now, knowing how it ended, that I had put off the surgery a little bit longer. I wish Id have had even more time to love her and hold her. (D-Day means Diagnosis Day). D-Day. -. The word. Ricochets. Around and around. Covering. Hiding. Every other sound. Abhorrent. Lethal diagnosis. -. Scared. To ...
Dear Friends, Todays case has been provided by my good friend Victor Pineda. Radiographs belong to a 36-year-old man with cough and fever. For comparison, I am including radiographs taken nine years earlier. Diagnosis: 1. Chronic TB changes 2. Endobronchial lesion 3. Congenital lesion 4. None of the above What do you see? More images will…
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A bronchodiliator used in treatment for asthma and other bronchial diseases. Its main purpose is to provide quick relief to extreme pressure on the bron...
Definition of tracheobronchomalacia in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of tracheobronchomalacia. What does tracheobronchomalacia mean? Information and translations of tracheobronchomalacia in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Airway complications following lung transplantation remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The management of bronchial complications in Bronchus Intermedius (BI) is challenging due to the location of right upper bronchus. The aim of this study was to analyze the results of BI Montgomery T-tube stent in a consecutive patients with lung transplantations. Between January 2007 and December 2010, 132 lung transplantations were performed at Foch Hospital, Suresnes, France. All the patients who had BI Montgomery T-tube after lung transplantation were included in this retrospective study. The demographic and interventional data and also complications were recorded. Out of 132 lung transplant recipients, 12 patients (9 male and 3 female) were entered into this study. The indications for lung transplantation were: cystic fibrosis 8 (67%), emphysema 3 (25%), and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis 1 (8%). Most of the patients (83%) had bilateral lung transplantation. The mean interval between lung
MELLO, Ramon Andrade de; MAGALHAES, Adriana e VILAS-BOAS, Abílio José. Stridor and respiratory failure due to tracheobronchomalacia: case report and review of the literature . Sao Paulo Med. J. [online]. 2012, vol.130, n.1, pp.61-64. ISSN 1516-3180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-31802012000100011.. CONTEXT: Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) results from structural and functional abnormalities of the respiratory system. It is characterized by excessive collapse: at least 50% of the cross-sectional area of the trachea and main bronchi. In this paper, we present a rare case of a patient with TBM who first presented with stridor and respiratory failure due to exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. CASE REPORT: An 81-year-old Caucasian man was admitted presenting coughing, purulent sputum, stridor and respiratory failure. He had a medical history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and silicosis and was a former smoker. Axial computed tomography on the chest revealed marked collapse of the ...
Noninvasive imaging of the airways has made remarkable progress in the past decade. The introduction of multirow detector CT scanners has made it possible to acquire high-resolution images of the upper, central, and segmental airways within a short acquisition time. The CT scan data can be reformatted into three-dimensional images to create virtual bronchoscopic renderings that closely resemble the images obtained from flexible broncho-scopy. in detail. Virtual bronchoscopy has been applied increasingly for the evaluation of the airways, especially to detect benign and malignant airway stenosis. Its potential for depicting tracheobronchial stenosis has been demonstrated with single-detector helical CT scanning, but the z-axis resolution has been limited by scan collimation if complete scan acquisition of the chest was to be achieved within a single breath-hold. A previous study demonstrated that virtual bronchoscopy with multirow detector CT scanning enables the reduction of scan collimation to ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Using optical coherence tomography to improve diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopy. AU - Williamson, Jonathan P.. AU - McLaughlin, Robert A.. AU - Phillips, Martin J.. AU - Armstrong, Julian J.. AU - Becker, Sven. AU - Walsh, Jennifer H.. AU - Sampson, David D.. AU - Hillman, David R.. AU - Eastwood, Peter R.. PY - 2009/7. Y1 - 2009/7. N2 - Flexible bronchoscopy is a common procedure that is used in both diagnostic and therapeutic settings but does not readily permit measurement of central airway dimensions. Anatomic optical coherence tomography (aOCT), a modification of conventional optical coherence tomography (OCT), is a novel light-based imaging tool with the capacity to measure the diameter and lumen area of the central airways accurately during bronchoscopy. This study describes the first clinical use of aOCT imaging in the lower airways in three individuals with common endobronchial pathologies. During bronchoscopy, a specialized fiberoptic probe was passed through the ...
The trachea (windpipe) divides into two main bronchi (also mainstem bronchi), the left and the right, at the level of the sternal angle. The right main bronchus is wider, shorter, and more vertical than the left main bronchus. The right main bronchus subdivides into three segmental bronchi while the left main bronchus divides into two. The lobar bronchi divide into tertiary bronchi. Each of the segmental bronchi supplies a bronchopulmonary segment. A bronchopulmonary segment is a division of a lung that is separated from the rest of the lung by a connective tissue septum. This property allows a bronchopulmonary segment to be surgically removed without affecting other segments. There are ten segments per lung, but due to anatomic development, several segmental bronchi in the left lung fuse, giving rise to eight. The segmental bronchi divide into many primary bronchioles which divide into terminal bronchioles, each of which then gives rise to several respiratory bronchioles, which go on to divide ...
Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is the most common congenital central airway anomaly, but it frequently goes unrecognized or is misdiagnosed as other respiratory conditions such as asthma. Recent advances in multidetector computed tomography (CT) have enhanced the ability to noninvasively diagnose TBM with the potential to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Precise indications are evolving but may include symptomatic pediatric patients with known risk factors for TBM and patients with otherwise unexplained impaired exercise tolerance; recurrent lower airways infection; and therapy-resistant, irreversible, and/or atypical asthma. With multidetector CT, radiologists can now perform objective and quantitative assessment of TBM with accuracy similar to that of bronchoscopy, the reference standard for diagnosing this condition. Multidetector CT enables a comprehensive evaluation of pediatric patients suspected of having TBM by facilitating accurate diagnosis, determining the
The cause of tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) depends on whether it is primary or acquired. Primary TBM is associated with prematurity or certain genetic conditions. Learn more.
Contents: Foreword. By John Beamis. SECTION I. BASIC ENDOSCOPY 1. Tracheobronchial Anatomy By Juan Antonio Moya Amorós and Anna Ureña Lluberas 2. FLEXIBLE BRONCHOSCOPY By Alicia Rodriguez 3. RIGID BRONCHOSCOPY By Jose Pablo Diaz-Jimenez and Alicia Rodriguez 4. Anesthesia for Interventional Bronchoscopic Procedures By Mona Sarkiss 5. Evaluating Outcomes After Interventional Procedures By Teruomi Miyazawa and Hiroki Nishine. 6. Bronchoscopy Education: New Insights. By Henri G. Colt SECTION II. TRACHEOBRONCHIAL OBSTRUCTIONS 7. Reopening The Airway: Fast Methods - Laser Assisted Mechanical Resection, Electrocautery and Argon Plasma Coagulation. By Michela Bezzi. 8. Cryotherapy By Jose Pablo Diaz-Jimenez and Rachid Tazi Mezalek 9. Endobronchial Brachytherapy: Concept, Indications, Technique and Outcomes By Aruna Turaka and Michael Unger. 10. Photodynamic Therapy for Early and Advanced Lung Cancer. By Jose Pablo Diaz-Jimenez and Rachid Tazi Mezalek 11. Benign Tracheal And Bronchial Stenosis By Rosa ...
Broncholithiasis is defined as calcified or ossified material in the bronchial lumen. The most frequently seen symptoms are a non-productive cough and hemoptysis. Occasionally, broncholytic expectoration can be seen, which is known as lithoptysis. As this is not a common finding, a case diagnosed with lithoptysis is presented here ...
Central airway obstruction (CAO) may present in a wide variety of ways, and patients are frequently misdiagnosed with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A high degree of suspicion is necessary to ascertain the diagnosis. The approach to the patient should be expeditious but with par...
In recent years, high flow nasal cannula is being increasingly used. Most studies showed positive results when used in hypoxaemic respiratory failure. Its use in a patient with a large endobronchial mass has not yet being described. We report a patient who presented with hemoptysis and hypoxaemic respiratory failure second to a large mass obstructing the right main bronchus. High flow oxygen via nasal cannula was initiated with a quick improvement of the hemoptysis and the oxygen saturation. Thus, allowing the patient to be rapidly stabilized.. ...
The CT demonstrated reversal of the right-sided oblique fissure and an abnormal anterior course of the bronchus intermedius, with rotation of the pulmonary vessels. The right lower lobe pulmonary artery was pulled in an anterior course alongside the bronchus intermedius. There was extensive right-sided consolidation with an associated pleural effusion. Appearances indicated 180-degree torsion of the right lung (figure 2). The patient was urgently referred to the regional cardiothoracic centre and underwent right upper and lower lobectomies. He was discharged home.. Pulmonary torsion is a rare but life-threatening event,1 defined as parenchymal rotation on the bronchovascular pedicle.2 This can affect a single lobe or, less frequently, an entire lung.2 Torsion most commonly affects the right middle lobe after right upper lobectomy1 but can follow other thoracic surgical procedures1 ,3 or chest trauma.3 ,4 It very rarely occurs spontaneously.2 ,4. Pulmonary torsion may compromise airways, arterial ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Optimal multimodal virtual bronchoscopy for convex-probe endobronchial ultrasound. AU - Higgins, William Evan. AU - Zang, Xiaonan. AU - Cheirsilp, Ronnarit. AU - Byrnes, Patrick D.. AU - Kuhlengel, Trevor K.. AU - Toth, Jennifer. AU - Bascom, Rebecca. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - Accurate staging of the central-chest lymph nodes is a major step in the management of lung-cancer patients. For this purpose, the physician uses videobronchoscopy to navigate through the airways and convex-probe endobronchial ultrasound (CP-EBUS) to localize extraluminal lymph nodes. Unfortunately, CP-EBUS proves to be difficult for many physicians. In this paper, we present a complete optimal multimodal planning and guidance system for image-guided CP-EBUS bronchoscopy. The system accepts a patients 3D chest CT scan and an optional whole-body PET/CT study as inputs. System work flow proceeds in two stages: 1) optimal procedure planning and 2) multimodal image-guided bronchoscopy. Optimal ...
Tolerance, Safety and Efficacy of Hedera Helix Extract in Inflammatory Bronchial Diseases Under Clinical Practice Conditions: A Prospective, Open, Multicentre Postmarketing Study in 9657 Patients (Report) by Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy & Phytopharmacology ePUB / Mobi eBook - KC Book Cafe
The trachea (windpipe) divides at the carina into two main or primary bronchi, the left bronchus and the right bronchus. The carina of the trachea is located at the level of the sternal angle and the fifth thoracic vertebra (at rest). The right main bronchus is wider, shorter, and more vertical than the left main bronchus,[3] its mean length is 1.09 cm.[4] It enters the root of the right lung at approximately the fifth thoracic vertebra. The right main bronchus subdivides into three secondary bronchi (also known as lobar bronchi), which deliver oxygen to the three lobes of the right lung-the superior, middle and inferior lobe. The azygos vein arches over it from behind; and the right pulmonary artery lies at first below and then in front of it. About 2 cm from its commencement it gives off a branch to the superior lobe of the right lung, which is also called the eparterial bronchus. Eparterial refers to its position above the right pulmonary artery. The right bronchus now passes below the ...
The trachea (windpipe) divides at the carina into two main or primary bronchi, the left bronchus and the right bronchus. The carina of the trachea is located at the level of the sternal angle and the fifth thoracic vertebra (at rest). The right main bronchus is wider, shorter, and more vertical than the left main bronchus,[3] its mean length is 1.09 cm.[4] It enters the root of the right lung at approximately the fifth thoracic vertebra. The right main bronchus subdivides into three secondary bronchi (also known as lobar bronchi), which deliver oxygen to the three lobes of the right lung-the superior, middle and inferior lobe. The azygos vein arches over it from behind; and the right pulmonary artery lies at first below and then in front of it. About 2 cm from its commencement it gives off a branch to the superior lobe of the right lung, which is also called the eparterial bronchus. Eparterial refers to its position above the right pulmonary artery. The right bronchus now passes below the ...
A prospective controlled randomized trial was performed in order to assess the effectiveness and safety of photodynamic therapy versus laser resection in 31 patients with partial or complete tracheobronchial obstruction due to inoperable non-small cell lung cancer. Fourteen patients received dihaematoporphyrin ether and argon dye laser photoradiation, and 17 patients received Nd-YAG laser resection. Endoluminal obstruction of ,75% was found in 77.4% of the patients. Among the symptoms, cough was more severe in the Nd-YAG group (p=0.02). Patients in both groups experienced symptomatic relief after treatment (p=0.003). Patients in the photodynamic therapy (PDT) group showed a significantly longer time until treatment failure (p=0.03) and longer median survival (p=0.007). Bronchitis and photosensitization (both in the PDT group) were the most common adverse effects. There was one death, probably related to treatment, in the PDT group. Photodynamic therapy and neodymium-yttrium aluminium garnet ...
Among 2600 FB procedures, 434 (17%) were performed with the indication of recurrent or persistent pneumonia. There were 237 (54%) boys. Median age at presentation was 84 months, and median duration of symptoms was 9 months. FB led to specific diagnosis in 33% of the cases. The most common diseases diagnosed by FB were malacia disorders (n: 32, 7%), aspirated foreign body (n: 30, 7%), endobronchial tuberculosis (n: 20, 5%), congenital airway anomalies (n: 14, 3%), mucus plugs (n: 14, 3%), pulmonary haemosiderosis (n: 12, 3%) and middle lobe syndrome (n: 11, 3%). During FB, only 6% of the patients had minor complications such as transient hypoxia, stridor and tachycardia. ...
The subdivision of the lung is characterised by the branching of the bronchi: the bronchial tree. The main bronchi form the stem of the bronchial tree, which splits within the lung dichotomously. The right main bronchus is called bronchus principalis dexter, the left bronchus is called bronchus principalis sinister. The main bronchi are divided into lobar bronchi - right in three lobar bronchi: bronchi lobares superior, medius and inferior and left into the bronchi lobares superior and inferior. Thereafter, there follows further division into segmental bronchi - right 10, left 9 segmental bronchi. This is followed by subsegmental bronchi, the bronchioles and finally the bronchioli terminales. The conductive, air-transporting phase of the bronchial tree ends here. Thereafter follows the sectional formation, which serves for gas exchange and as the lung parenchyma in the narrow sense. These include the bronchioli respiratorii, the ductus alveolaris and sacculi alveolares. The respiratory ...
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Case Reports in Medicine is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports and case series in all areas of clinical medicine.
CD8+ T-cell maturation following lung transplantation: the differential impact of CMV and acute rejection.: Studies on persistent viral infections demonstrate t
This gene encodes a member of the osteocalcin/matrix Gla family of proteins. The encoded vitamin K-dependent protein is secreted by chondrocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells, and functions as a physiological inhibitor of ectopic tissue calcification. Carboxylation status of the encoded protein is associated with calcification of the vasculature in human patients with cardiovascular disease and calcification of the synovial membranes in osteoarthritis patients. Mutations in this gene cause Keutel syndrome in human patients, which is characterized by abnormal cartilage calcification, peripheral pulmonary stenosis and facial hypoplasia. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016 ...
Retract the arch of the aorta [forceps] and pulmonary trunk to the left. Remove any remaining portions of the pericardium to better expose the trachea. In the area of the bifurcation of the trachea, identify the tracheobronchial lymph nodes. Observe that the trachea contains U-shaped cartilages that support its anterior and lateral walls. The posterior wall of the trachea consists of a flexible fibromuscular membrane. Identify the right main (primary) bronchus and left main (primary) bronchus. Make a longitudinal incision in the anterior walls of the right main bronchus and the left main bronchus , and extend the incision to the region of the tracheal bifurcation. Identify the carina, the cartilaginous ridge on the internal surface of the tracheal bifurcation [cross-section]. Links and References: ...
Ten patients (44-75 years of age) were enrolled. The clinical purposes of bronchoscopy were for diagnosis in seven patients and for intervention in three patients. For the diagnoses, we performed bronchoalveolar lavage in six patients. One patient underwent endobronchial ultrasonography with transbronchial needle aspiration of a lymph node to investigate tumour involvement. Patients who underwent bronchoscopy for therapeutic interventions had endobronchial mass or blood clot removal with cryotherapy for bleeding control. The mean saturation (SpO2) of pre-bronchoscopy in room air was 84.1%. The lowest and highest mean saturation with HFNC during the procedure was 95% and 99.4, respectively. The mean saturation in room air post-bronchoscopy was 87.4%, which was 3.3% higher than the mean room air SpO2 pre-bronchoscopy. Seven patients with diagnostic bronchoscopy had no hypoxic event. Three patients with interventional bronchoscopy showed improvement in saturation after the procedure. Bronchoscopy ...
Background. This study sets out to estimate the prevalence and the degree of severity of bronchial obstruction in an adult population with three different diagnostic criteria: the European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the World Health Organization (WHO) defined as Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Methods. 1514 subjects underwent complete medical evaluation and spirometry. Results. The prevalence of bronchial obstruction was respectively 27.5% (ERS), 33% (GOLD), and 47.3% (ATS). The prevalence of bronchial obstruction in the smoker group was 33.4% (ERS), 38.1% (GOLD), and 52.3% (ATS). The prevalence of obstruction in the ex-smoker group was 33% (ERS), 41.4% (GOLD), and 57.1% (ATS). The prevalence of obstruction in the non-smoker group was 21.1% (ERS), 24.9% (GOLD), and 38.6% (ATS). Conclusions. The results show that the prevalence of airway obstruction increases proportionally with age; the cigarette smoking represents an important conditioning ...
Case: A 19 year-old female, G1P0, BMI 29.3, with a history of surgically corrected situs solitus, d-ventricular loop dextro-Transposition of Great Arteries (d-TGA) presented for anesthetic management for vaginal delivery. The patient underwent an arterial switch, repair of ASD and VSD at age 2 months. At presentation she was WHO Class III maternal cardiovascular risk and had NYHA Class II symptoms. History was also significant for persistent left SVC, asthma, left bronchial compression by the pulmonary artery and repaired thoracolumbar scoliosis with Harrington rods. Pre-labor transthoracic echocardiogram(TTE) showed preserved LVEF (>60%), 3+ AR, 3+ TR and mild PAH. Initially, large bore IV access was obtained, and an arterial line was placed. Ultrasound of her thoracic and lumbar spine was performed to assess her hardware, and confirm normal anatomy at the planned level of epidural(Fig 1-1). An epidural was placed at L3/4 early in her labor to provide time for slow up-titration of analgesia and ...
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Michael Klaper (Recorded April 2016, 35-minutes) Causes: Bronchial diseases are typically caused by viruses or by the normal bacteria in your nose and throat taking advantage of any occasion when your bodys resistance may be lowered. Antibiotics should be allowed for those times when youre really sick high fever, shaking chills, endless coughing, etc. since most cases of bronchitis are brought on by viruses that are not susceptible to antibiotics and because most bronchial diseases generally clear with time Some of the most self defeating things a person with a lung infection can do is always to sit quietly all day in a seat (in front of a computer or TV) breathing shallowly, and permitting the contaminated secretions to thicken and pool in the bronchial tubes and lower parts of the lung. d) Even better, if you feel up to it, any action that creates sustained deep breathing can not only increase mucus secretion removal, but the increased blood flow will draw immune cells, antibodies and any ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spontaneous resolution of an intratracheal mass. T2 - Report of one case. AU - Wong, K. S.. AU - Wang, C.R.. AU - Lin, Tzou-Yien. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. N2 - A 14 year-old boy was investigated for a slowly resolving right upper lobe consolidation persisting for 3 months after a pneumonic episode. A flexible bronchoscopy showed a polypoid mass in the carina with extension to the right proximal bronchus. The bronchial washings study for fungus, acid- fast bacilli and polymerase chain reaction for mycobacterium were negative. A reported bronchoscopic examination 8 months later revealed no tracheal mass or subsequent stenosis. A tracheal mass in an asymptomatic and non- progressive child may be managed alternatively by repeated bronchoscopic examinations at intervals instead of immediate bronchoscopic excision or thoracotomy.. AB - A 14 year-old boy was investigated for a slowly resolving right upper lobe consolidation persisting for 3 months after a pneumonic episode. A flexible ...
Method. Patients must undergo proper evaluation of resectability and operability according to international guidelines. The authors routinely perform a radical lymphadenectomy.. Right Pneumonectomy. Surgery was performed through a single 4.0 cm incision in the fifth intercostal space. Once resectability was confirmed, the authors dissected the pulmonary hilum. The anterior trunk of the MPA was freed and divided using a vascular load. This allowed for safe dissection of the right upper lobe vein. Once this vein was transected, the MPA was exposed, allowing a secure dissection. The only structure behind the artery was the airway, so it was safe to encircle and staple it. Following this, the middle vein and the inferior vein are divided. The right main bronchus was the last structure to be transected using a bronchial load, with care taken to avoid leaving a long bronchial stump.. Left Pneumonectomy. The incision and initial evaluation were performed as described for a right pneumonectomy. The ...
Finally, my latest Mystery has been solved! You may recall that the latest in a series of Mystery problems (all deserving of capital Ms) has been a chronic cough along with shortness of breath. My inability to talk very long without lapsing into a coughing fit began before Christmas. Scans, tests, medications and inhalers didnt help, and this current episode of my version of House was finally solved this week. It turns out that I have an endobronchial lesion in one of the main airways in my right lung. I learned that this is a rare condition (no surprise there). This was found when I had a bronchoscopy as a last resort. Upon waking up from this incredibly uncomfortable test, my doctor told me the lesion has to come out and pointed me to an interventional pulmonologist who can remove the lesion with a laser during another bronchoscopy ...
Primary tracheobronchomalacia is a rare but serious genetic condition that causes the trachea to under develop during pregnancy and results in infants with
Determination of the different types of bronchial obstruction gives the possibility to carry out more precise treatment changing in case of necessity steroid therapy. And the main criteria of management efficacy are the following: an increase of the PF indices up to the maximal normal values, a decrease of the severity of bronchospasm (as judged by response to fenoterol) accompanied with an increase of the bronchial obstruction reversibility, as well as disappearance of alpha-induced bronchoconstriction (as judged by response to epinephrine or selective alpha-stimulators).. CONCLUSION. Summarizing the above discussion of the investigation we may rightfully state that the evolution of airflow obstruction in asthmatics characterized not only by quantitative (a decrease of the PF indices), but also qualitative (a different response to epinephrine) changes in the respiratory tract. The evolution in asthma proves to be a naturally determined process despite the fact that an objective situation not ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - The Use of Prosthetic Stents in Tracheobronchial, Gastrointestinal, and Genitourinary Diseases. AU - Edell, Eric S.. AU - Oesterlingtt, Joseph E.. AU - Cortese, Denis. AU - Hughes, Rollin W.. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - The concept of using a stent to maintain patency of a lumen is not new. As early as 1969, stents were being investigated in the peripheral arterial system as a means of preventing restenosis after dilatation by balloon angioplasty (Dotter, 1969). Since then, numerous reports have demonstrated the use of stents in both the peripheral and coronary artery systems (Maass et al., 1982; Dotter et ai., 1983; Wright et al., 1985; Palmaz et al., 1987). Concomitant with the investigation of expandable endovascular metal prosthesis has been the development of prosthetic devices for management of tracheobronchial, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary diseases. We will review the use of endoscopically placed prosthetic devices in the management of diseases affecting these ...
Innerbody Research is the largest home health and wellness guide online, helping over one million visitors each month learn about health products and services. Our mission is to provide objective, science-based advice to help you make more informed choices.. ...
Metallic airway stenting is an important and commonly performed technique in interventional bronchoscopy. After a brief historical overview, this chapter reviews the currently available metallic...
Bronchi, Bronchial Tree, amp Lungs Bronchi and Bronchial Tree. In the mediastinum, at the level of the fifth thoracic vertebra, the trachea divides into the right and
Coordinators : Christian Ligoure, Didier Laux. The General Direction Model Systems and Measurements brings togetherexperimenters work skills around the study of systems for understanding life and environment, to characterize at mechanical, physical and physico-chemical level natural systems (granular materials, wood, blood, human cells, wheat,water) and to identify and understand general mechanisms that govern the physical behaviour of living objects by overcoming the intrinsic complexity of natural objects. A research has been initiated concerning transport and detection of individual biomolecules in a carbon nanotube[1] for the discrimination of ions and small individual biomolecules. This work has been also carried the IUF nomination of V. Jourdain (2015). A research work aims to study severe chronic bronchial diseases associated with hypersecretion of mucus and ciliary with objective to characterize mechanical properties of the different mucus layers of the epithelium by micro-rheology tools ...
A 54-year-old Caucasian male (CM) is admitted to the hospital with a chief complaint (CC) of shortness of breath (SOB) for one week. He also c/o dry cough and episodic chest pain. The rest of the history is difficult to elicit because the patient has mental retardation and he is legally blind ...
The role of prostaglandin H synthase (PHS) in the metabolism of 7,8-dihydroxy-7,8-dihydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BP-7,8-diol) has been… Expand ...
Atıf İçin Kopyala Görmüs N., Ceran S., ARIBAŞ O. K. , Sunam G. S. Canadian Journal of Surgery, cilt.45, sa.6, ss.447, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) ...
"Bronchial Asthma is an Allergic Disease", "Some Diseases of the Blood System" are still valuable for medical students. The ... "Bronchial asthma is an allergic disease." Publishing House "Genjlik", Baku, 1976, 16 p. "Questions of blood coagulation in norm ... "Bronchial asthma is an allergic disease." Publishing House "Genjlik", Baku, 1976, 16 p. "English-Azerbaijani medical dictionary ... Professor Musa Abdullayev wrote the section of "Blood Diseases" for the manual" Clinical Surgery". The services of Doctor of ...
Yamanaka A, Saiki S, Tamura S, Saito K (March 1969). "[Problems in chronic obstructive bronchial diseases, with special ... The disease is more common in males, with the male to female ratio at 1.4-2:1 (or about 5 men to 3 women). The average onset of ... The disease is believed to occur when there is susceptibility, or a lack of immune system resistance, to DPB-causing bacteria ... A disease of the transitional zone of the lung". Chest. 83 (1): 63-9. doi:10.1378/chest.83.1.63. PMID 6848335. Anthony M, ...
Yamanaka, A.; Saiki, S.; Tamura, S.; Saito, K. (1969). "Problems in chronic obstructive bronchial diseases, with special ...
Bloor, C. M., & Liebow, A. A. (1980). The pulmonary and bronchial circulations in congenital heart disease. New York: Plenum ... Bronchial artery casting techniques, modified and refined by Liebow and his colleagues, demonstrated the importance of dual ... He is credited with the development of a classification system for lung disease. His observations resulted in the discovery of ... American Review of Respiratory Disease, 108(1), 1-18. Glenn, W. W. L., Liebow, A. A., & Lindskog, G. E. (1975). Thoracic and ...
Bronchial Asthma is a common disease of the respiratory system. It occurs due to bronchospasm of smooth muscles in the wall of ... When the patient is made to lie on her or his left side, secretions from the right bronchial tree flow toward the Carina due to ... Tuberculosis of the lung is a common disease in certain parts of the world. A complete course of treatment must be taken under ... These arteries branch from the pulmonary and bronchial arteries, and run together through the center of the segment. Veins and ...
Bronchial asthma and other neurogenic diseases: migraine, trigeminal neuralgia and epilepsy. *Schön and Boehncke, Psoriasis: ... Neurogenic inflammation appears to play an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases including migraine,[6][1][7] ... Other therapies and other links in the neurogenic inflammatory pathway for interruption of disease are under study, including ... and so might be of use in treating diseases presenting with predominant neurogenic inflammation. ...
It is also used by the local communities against hypertension, bronchial diseases and malnutrition. Borojo extract is widely ...
Quirk died August 1, 1932 of bronchial pneumonia and heart disease. He was memorialized in the October 1932 Photoplay. He had ...
For people with chronic lung diseases, bronchial hygiene is used to prevent infections and lung abscesses. Bronchial hygiene is ... Pulmonary bronchial hygiene is used for preventing infections such as pneumonia. It is also used in the management of ... The need for bronchial hygiene is indicated in cases of COPD, pneumonia and cystic fibrosis as both interventional and ... The use of this technique for children with neuromuscular disease has gained widespread acceptance in the United States and ...
It was said that Augusta died of "bronchial problems associated with heart disease". One biographer said, she died of a type of ...
The Fachkrankenhaus Coswig (FKC) hospital is a clinic specializing in the treatment of bronchial and pulmonary diseases. In ... which also included the creation of a new unit for infectious diseases, was completed and the Oncological Day Clinic was ... the Fachkrankenhaus Coswig founded the Competence Network for Pulmonary Diseases (KoLE e.V.) association. Official website (in ... as well as the Competence Network for Pulmonary Diseases one year later. Allergology Anesthesiology Respiratory Medicine ...
Chiba Y, Misawa M (2010). "MicroRNAs and their therapeutic potential for human diseases: MiR-133a and bronchial smooth muscle ... RhoA expression is negatively regulated by miR-133a in bronchial smooth muscles (BSM)and miR-133a downregulation causes an ...
Bronchial geotrichosis does not involve the lung instead the disease persists within the bronchial. Geotrichum candidum grows ... The disease is characterized as an endobronchial infection. Bronchial geotrichosis is similar to the allergic reaction of ... Patients with the bronchial condition their pulse and respiration are rarely elevated. Fine mottling may be present in the ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. Domsch, K.H.; W. Gams, W.; ...
... of pendrin as a common mediator for mucus production in bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Journal of ... an autosomal-recessive disease. Pendred syndrome is characterized by thyroid goiter and enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct ... evidence for disease gene exclusion in Pendred's syndrome". Clinical Endocrinology. 44 (4): 441-6. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2265.1996 ... "Thiocyanate transport in resting and IL-4-stimulated human bronchial epithelial cells: role of pendrin and anion channels". ...
Other contributions included antitrypsin deficiency in lung disease (psittacosis) and various aspects of bronchial carcinoma. ... Sakula was fascinated with lung cancer and occupational respiratory diseases. In 1961, he published a study linking ... It led to the use of protective clothing and the elimination of the disease. ... Sakula became competent in treating tropical diseases. At the end of the war, he assisted with the recovery of former prisoners ...
... studies have demonstrated a close association between air pollution and respiratory allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma ... "Effects of particulate matter on allergic respiratory diseases". Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine. 4 (2): 95-102. ... "Effects of particulate matter on allergic respiratory diseases". Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine. 4 (2): 95-102. ... Asthma is one of the most common chronic disease among children in the United States affecting estimated 6.2 million children. ...
Francis died of complications associated with Bronchial Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease on 12 June 1999. Herbs of ...
Porter died from bronchial asthma, a common disease amongst miners, on 8 September 1919, aged 64 years. L. Steenhuis, ...
The dysregulation of ILCs can lead to immune pathology such as allergy, bronchial asthma and autoimmune disease. The ... Determining the extent of ILC plasticity during disease could be useful to allow us to prevent or enhance their conversion into ... Evidence suggests that the plasticity between ILC3s and ILC1s in the intestine is an important factor of Crohn's disease, with ... It is believed the increase in ILC2s present correlates with the severity of the disease, and evidence confirms some 'allergen ...
Yamanaka, A.; Saiki, S.; Tamura, S.; Saito, K. Problems in chronic obstructive bronchial diseases, with special reference to ... 職業性肺病(英语:Occupational lung disease). 肺塵病 石棉肺. 鋇塵肺(英语:Baritosis). 鐵釩土纖維化(英语:Bauxite fibrosis). 鈹肺病(英语:Berylliosis). 類風濕塵肺綜合症(英语: ... 阻塞性肺病(英语:obstructive lung disease). 急性. 急性支氣管炎. 慢性. 慢性阻塞性肺病 慢性支氣管炎. 慢性支氣管炎急性發作(
Bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and interstitial pneumonia were the most common ailments treated by ... respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disease, premature delivery, birth defects, low birth weight, and premature death. ... In 2017 a study revealed that PM not only affects human cells and tissues, but also impacts bacteria which cause disease in ... "Air Pollution & Cardiovascular Disease". National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Archived from the original on ...
Sacristán Bou, L. and Peña Blas, F. Bronchial Atresia in Lung Diseases - Selected State of the Art Reviews (2012). ISBN 978-953 ... "Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 92 (3): F199-F203. doi:10.1136/adc.2006.093880. ISSN 1359-2998. ... babies with this type of congenital heart disease may only survive for the first few days of life. Many children with pulmonary ... "Indications for Cardiac Catheterization and Intervention in Pediatric Cardiac Disease A Scientific Statement From the American ...
December 1998). "Kimura's disease associated with bronchial asthma presenting eosinophilia and hyperimmunoglobulinemia E which ... It has been suggested and applied in the treatment of Kimura's disease a few times. Tamaoki J, Kondo M, Sakai N, et al. (July ... Ueda T, Arai S, Amoh Y, Katsuoka K (2011). "Kimura's disease treated with suplatast tosilate and loratadine". European Journal ... Sano Y (December 1996). "[Anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of bronchial hyperresponsiveness]". Nihon Kyōbu Shikkan ...
... weight loss and a low fever raises the possible diagnosis of this disease. Some children with this disease may also have ... In nonendemic countries, patients are commonly thought to have bronchial asthma. Chronic symptoms may delay the diagnosis by up ... This disease can be confused with tuberculosis, asthma, or coughs related to roundworms. Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is a ... "Lymphatic filariasis: The disease and its control. Fifth report of the WHO Expert Committee on Filariasis". World Health ...
Here his time was ended by a bronchial disease of the kind that was to plague him throughout his long life. His father ...
It was only in 1939 that Gwathmey retired from clinical practice due to his severe bronchial asthma and coronary heart disease ...
... and Hsp10 down-regulation predicts bronchial epithelial carcinogenesis in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". ... There is also mounting evidence that it plays a role in autoimmune disease. Infection and disease are extremely stressful on ... These new antibodies are then recognizing and attacking human HSP60 which causes an autoimmune disease. This suggests that ... however more research needs to be done in order to discover more completely its role in this disease. HSP60, as a mitochondrial ...
... and Hsp10 down-regulation predicts bronchial epithelial carcinogenesis in smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". ... The identification of the genetic basis for the causative agent of a disease can be an important component of understanding its ... in structural gene sequences underlying a gain or loss of virulence aids in understanding the mechanism by which diseases ...
May 2013). "A dynamic bronchial airway gene expression signature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung function ... autoimmune diseases and host defense has led to the experimental targeting of the IL-17A pathway in animal models of diseases ... Initially, psoriasis was considered to be a Th1-mediated disease since elevated levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-12 was found in ... Although the exact cause of lupus is not fully known, it has been reported that IL-17 and Th17 cells are involved in disease ...
It may occur in partial obstruction of a large airway, as in e.g. congenital lobar emphysema, bronchial atresia and mucous ... As such, it happens automatically (though there are exceptions in some disease states) and does not need conscious control or ...
Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 44 (Suppl 2): S27-72. doi ... bronchial pneumonia (pamamaga ng mga bronchiole sa baga) at acute interstitial pneumonia (malubhang pulmonya sa tisiyu sa ... Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 53 (7): e25-76. doi: ... "Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Nakuha noong 29 June 2011.. *↑ Jefferson T; Deeks JJ, Demicheli V, Rivetti D, Rudin ...
... can also be part of a bronchial challenge test, used to determine bronchial hyperresponsiveness to either rigorous ... to diagnose and differentiate between obstructive lung disease and restrictive lung disease[5] ... The effect of intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure". The American Review of Respiratory Disease. 131 (5): 672-7. doi: ... to detect respiratory disease in patients presenting with symptoms of breathlessness, and to distinguish respiratory from ...
In 2010, Hall analysed a number of Rho signalling pathways, which regulate the formation of apical junctions in human bronchial ... Hall's research has had wide implications across human health and disease, particularly cancer. In addition, a generation of ... "The Rho Target PRK2 Regulates Apical Junction Formation in Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells". Molecular and Cellular Biology ...
Lower RT/lung disease. (including LRTIs). Bronchial/. obstructive. acute. Acute bronchitis. chronic. COPD Chronic bronchitis. ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Other names. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease ... Most cases of COPD are a mixture of both diseases.. *^ "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)". WHO. Retrieved 5 June ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. *Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at Curlie ...
2008) Agricultural lung diseases. Environ Health Perspect 108:705-12. Hlastala MP, Ralph DD, Babb AL, Influence of gas physical ... In vitro, exposure of human bronchial epithelial cells or human pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells to agents such as hydrogen ... Gas exchange is affected by increases in the dispersion of both alveolar ventilation and cardiac output because bronchial and ... 2010) Sclerosis therapy of bronchial artery attenuates acute lung injury induced by burn and smoke inhalation injury in ovine ...
Limited diseaseEdit. In generalised non-organ-threatening disease, remission can be achieved with a combination of methotrexate ... and rarely bronchial stenosis. ... Severe diseaseEdit. The standard treatment for severe GPA is to ... An early name for the disease was pathergic granulomatosis.[28] The disease is still sometimes confused with lethal midline ... GPA treatment depends on the severity of the disease.[8] Severe disease is typically treated with a combination of ...
Chang J. E., White A., Simon R. A., Stevenson D. D. (2012)։ «Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease: burden of disease»։ ... Thorowgood JC (November 1873)։ «On bronchial asthma»։ British Medical Journal 2 (673): 600։ PMC 2294647։ PMID 20747287։ doi: ... 2010)։ Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease (8th ed.)։ Saunders։ էջ 688։ ISBN 978-1-4160-3121-5։ OCLC 643462931 , ... WHO Disease and injury country estimates»։ World Health Organization։ 2009։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից նոյեմբերի 11, 2009-ին։ ...
Bronchial atresiaEdit. Bronchial atresia is a rare congenital disorder that can have a varied appearance. A bronchial atresia ... It can have multiple variations and, although usually asymptomatic, it can be the root cause of pulmonary disease such as a ... The bronchial wall normally has a thickness of 10% to 20% of the total bronchial diameter.[6] ... "Bronchial wall thickening". Radiopaedia. Retrieved 2018-01-05.. *^ Page 112 in: David P. Naidich (2005). Imaging of the Airways ...
Lower RT/lung disease. (including LRTIs). Bronchial/. obstructive. acute. Acute bronchitis. chronic. COPD Chronic bronchitis. ... lung disease. Pneumoconiosis Aluminosis. Asbestosis. Baritosis. Bauxite fibrosis. Berylliosis. Caplan's syndrome. Chalicosis. ...
"Methacholine reactivity predicts changes in lung function over time in smokers with early chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... Bronchial hyperresponsiveness can be assessed with a bronchial challenge test. This most often uses products like methacholine ... Bronchial hyperresponsiveness is a hallmark of asthma but also occurs frequently in people suffering from chronic obstructive ... pulmonary disease (COPD). In the Lung Health Study, bronchial hyperresponsiveness was present in approximately two-thirds of ...
"Thiocyanate transport in resting and IL-4-stimulated human bronchial epithelial cells: role of pendrin and anion channels". J. ... "The antioxidant role of thiocyanate in the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis and other inflammation-related diseases". Proc. Natl ...
Exercise and disease management (Edisi ke-2nd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. hlm. 100. ISBN 978-1-4398-2759-8. CS1 maint: Extra ... a b Castro, M; Musani, AI, Mayse, ML, Shargill, NS (2010 Apr). "Bronchial thermoplasty: a novel technique in the treatment of ... a b Kumar, Vinay; Abbas, Abul K; Fausto, Nelson et al., editor (2010). Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease (Edisi ke ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Applied therapeutics: the clinical use of drugs (Edisi ke-9th). Philadelphia: ...
Diving Diseases Research Centre(英语:Diving Diseases Research Centre). Fitness to dive(英语:Fitness to dive). List of diving ... 高反應性(英语:bronchial hyperresponsiveness). *收縮(英语:bronchoconstriction) ... Effect of oxygen on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(英语:Effect of oxygen on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) ... American Review of Respiratory Disease. 1974, 110 (6 Pt 2): 40-50. PMID 4613232.. (subscription required) ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Nov 23, 2012). "Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Among Adults - United States ... Burrows B, Fletcher CM, Heard BE, et al (1966). "The emphysematous and bronchial types of chronic airways obstruction. A ... Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. *↑ 86.0 86.1 86.2 86.3 86.4 Drummond MB, Dasenbrook EC, Pitz MW, Murphy ... An outcomes strategy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in England. Department of Health. ...
The best known hemoglobinopathy is sickle-cell disease, which was the first human disease whose mechanism was understood at the ... Role in disease[edit]. Hemoglobin deficiency can be caused either by a decreased amount of hemoglobin molecules, as in anemia, ... Hemoglobin S (α2βS2) - A variant form of hemoglobin found in people with sickle cell disease. There is a variation in the β- ... Some of these mutant forms of hemoglobin, however, cause a group of hereditary diseases termed the hemoglobinopathies. ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (5 Nisan 2020). "What to Do if You Are Sick". U.S. Centers for Disease Control and ... Kawase M, Shirato K, van der Hoek L, Taguchi F, Matsuyama S (Haziran 2012). "Simultaneous treatment of human bronchial ... "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)". U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 11 Şubat 2020. 26 Ocak 2020 ... "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Prevention & Treatment". U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 10 Mart ...
They are known to grow in the liver, but this finding is usually a manifestation of metastatic disease from a primary carcinoid ... and right-sided cardiac valve disease. It is estimated that less than 6% of carcinoid patients will develop carcinoid syndrome ... a serotonin-secreting carcinoid tumour may cause a tricuspid valve disease syndrome, due to the proliferation of myocytes onto ... "Carcinoid heart disease: presentation, diagnosis, and management". Heart. 90: 1224-8. doi:10.1136/hrt.2004.040329. PMC 1768473 ...
NSAIDs-exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD), i.e. symptoms of bronchial airways obstruction, shortness of breath, and/or ... inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune diseases, and Alzheimers disease (see Inflammation#Inflammatory disorders); c) allergy ... and decreased survival in experimental models of respiratory syncytial virus disease, Lyme disease, Toxoplasma gondii disease, ... inflammatory bowel disease, and autoimmune diseases (see Inflammation#Inflammatory disorders). These dual functions probably ...
Exercise and disease management (2nd ed. ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. hlm. 100. ISBN 978-1-4398-2759-8. CS1 maint: Extra text ( ... a b Castro, M; Musani, AI, Mayse, ML, Shargill, NS (2010 Apr). "Bronchial thermoplasty: a novel technique in the treatment of ... 2010). Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease (8th ed.). Saunders. hlm. 688. ISBN 978-1-4160-3121-5. OCLC 643462931. , ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Applied therapeutics: the clinical use of drugs (9th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott ...
... non-metastatic disease (Stage I, II and select III tumors), patients with locally advanced disease confined to the thoracic ... "Cigarette smoke extract induces DNA damage but not apoptosis in human bronchial epithelial cells". Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. ... Many of the symptoms of NSCLC can be signs of other diseases, but having chronic or overlapping symptoms may be a signal of the ... NSCLC patients with advanced disease who are not found to have either EGFR or ALK mutations may receive bevacizumab which is a ...
Ramzan, Peter H.L. (2014). "Respiratory conditions: lower airway disease". The racehorse: a veterinary manual. pp. 222-234. ... There may be contributions from the bronchial circulation. Pulmonary capillary transmural pressure is determined by pulmonary ... Newton, JR; Wood, JL (September 2002). "Evidence of an association between inflammatory airway disease and EIPH in young ... Wilkins, Pamela A. (2014). "Chapter 31: Diseases of the respiratory system: Exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage". In Smith, ...
Diseases such as peripheral vascular disease can also result in local hypoxia. For this reason, symptoms are worse when a limb ... To counter the effects of high-altitude diseases, the body must return arterial pO. 2 toward normal. Acclimatization, the means ... Samuel, Jacob; Franklin, Cory (2008). Common Surgical Diseases. New York: Springer. pp. 391-94. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-75246-4_ ... "The Physiologic Basis of High-Altitude Diseases". Annals of Internal Medicine. 141 (10): 789-800. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-141-10- ...
Left bronchial arteries. esophageal arteries to the thoracic part of the esophagus. Third to eleventh Posterior intercostal ... The stiffness of the aorta is associated with a number of diseases and pathologies, and noninvasive measures of the pulse wave ... Aortic aneurysm - mycotic, bacterial (e.g. syphilis), senile, genetic, associated with valvular heart disease ... Aortitis, inflammation of the aorta that can be seen in trauma, infections, and autoimmune disease ...
Lower RT/lung disease. (including LRTIs). Bronchial/. obstructive. acute. Acute bronchitis. chronic. COPD Chronic bronchitis. ... Figure A shows the location of the lungs and bronchial tubes. Figure B is an enlarged view of a normal bronchial tube. Figure C ... Craven, V; Everard, ML (January 2013). "Protracted bacterial bronchitis: reinventing an old disease". Archives of Disease in ... Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 9-17.. *^ a b Reilly, John J.; Silverman, Edwin K.; Shapiro, Steven ...
Diseases affecting the foliage include rust and smut, downy mildew and white tip disease. The bulbs may be affected by ... bronchial asthma, sweating and anaphylaxis. There may be no allergic reaction in these individuals to the consumption of onions ... Pests and diseases[แก้]. Onions suffer from a number of plant disorders. The most serious for the home gardener are likely to ... Neck rot is a fungal disease affecting onions in storage. It is caused by Botrytis allii which attacks the neck and upper parts ...
Respiratory system Cancer in the bronchial tree is usually painless, but ear and facial pain on one side of the head has been ... usually signals recurrence of the disease. The emergence of pain on standing or walking (described as "dragging") may indicate ...
"Nicotine: A Powerful Addiction." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archive *^ Secondhand Smoke Archived 2014-09-20 at ... Polonium 210 is a natural contaminant of tobacco, providing additional evidence for the link between smoking and bronchial ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2001. Retrieved 2009-01-03.. *. Richard Peto; Alan D Lopez; Jillian Boreham; ... Tobacco use is a risk factor for many diseases, especially those affecting the heart, liver, and lungs, as well as many cancers ...
They are also used to treat urinary incontinence and diseases characterized by bowel hypermotility such as irritable bowel ... bronchial secretions, bronchoconstriction, bradycardia, abdominal cramping, increased gastric acid secretion, diarrhea and ... Muscarine is contraindicated in patients with diseases that make them susceptible to parasympathetic stimulation, patients who ... have asthma or COPD or patients who have peptic ulcer disease. Also patients with an obstruction in the gastrointestinal or ...
"Journal of Thoracic Disease. 8 (Suppl 2): S186-96. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2016.01.85. PMC 4775267. PMID 26981270.. ... These arteries join (anastamoses) with ascending branches of the bronchial arteries, which are direct branches from the aorta, ... Tristram, Debra (2019). "Laryngitis, Tracheitis, Epiglottitis, and Bronchiolitis". Introduction to Clinical Infectious Diseases ... the lower trachea receives blood from bronchial arteries.[3] Arteries that supply the trachea do so via small branches that ...
This project is supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (award #111062), Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions, and by The Metabolomics Innovation Centre (TMIC), a nationally-funded research and core facility that supports a wide range of cutting-edge metabolomic studies. TMIC is funded by Genome Alberta, Genome British Columbia, and Genome Canada, a not-for-profit organization that is leading Canadas national genomics strategy with funding from the federal government. Maintenance, support, and commercial licensing is provided by OMx Personal Health Analytics, Inc. Designed by Educe Design & Innovation Inc. ...
Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Intestinal Diseases. Bronchial Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. ... Crohns Disease. Bronchial hyper reactivity. Fractional exhaled NO. Methacholine Challenge Test. Pediatric Crohns Disease ... Crohn Disease. Bronchial Hyperreactivity. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Gastroenteritis. ... Bronchial Hyperreactivity in Children With Crohn Disease. This study has been completed. ...
Global initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease), COPD is a disease which is characterized by combination of clinical ... COPD and Bronchial Asthma are the most common diseases of the Lungs in which 4-10% of Adults in the world are ill of COPD. In ... Bronchial Obstruction. COPD and Bronchial Asthma are the most common diseases of the Lungs in which 4-10% of Adults in the ... In COPD, the presence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness predicts a worse course of the disease.[26] It is not known if bronchial ...
Autologous Bronchial Basal Cells Transplantation for Treatment of Bronchiectasis. *Bronchiectasis. *Biological: Bronchial basal ... 436 Studies found for: Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies , Bronchial Diseases ... nasal findings in reactive airway diseases. 50. All. 2 Years to 18 Years (Child, Adult). NCT03131323. Assuit universit 17100106 ... This research registry will allow us to tap into this resource and address important, unanswered questions about the disease ...
Musculoskeletal/painful diseases * Nasal diseases * Neurological * Obesity * Paediatrics * Pain * Parkinsons Disease * ... Diseases * Addiction * AIDS and HIV * Allergies * Alzheimers/Dementia * Blood * Cancer * CVA & Sequelae * Dermatology * ... Eye Diseases * Facial paralysis and pain inc. trigeminal neuralgia * Fatigue/post-viral syndrome * Fever * Gall Bladder * ...
Increased production of endogenous nitric oxide in patients with bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. ... We found significantly higher concentrations of exhaled NO in patients with bronchial asthma (25.1 [5.1] p.p.b.) than in ... evidence of increased production of endogenous NO in patients with bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( ... higher concentrations of NO derivatives in induced sputum were found in patients with bronchial asthma (1190 [106] micromol/L) ...
Changes of the bronchial structure in sarcoidosis (course and bronchoscopic picture of the disease)].. [Article in German] ...
Smoking was big news last week. On Wednesday, February 5, CVS announced that beginning in October, it would no longer sell cigarettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco. Representatives for the nations second largest drug-store chain cited its desire to focus on customers health-and smoking contradicts that goal. The decision is a bold one-CVS will likely lose […]. ...
... Trial Phase:. N/A. Minimum Age:. 18 Years. Maximum ... Bronchial Ultrasonography Via a Fibrescope: Pilot Study in Tumoral Disease. The main objective of the study is to assess the ...
This study related bronchial microbiome and the severity of disease in COPD patients through 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing and ... Severity-Related Changes of Bronchial Microbiome in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Marian Garcia-Nuñez, Laura Millares ... Severity-Related Changes of Bronchial Microbiome in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Marian Garcia-Nuñez, Laura Millares ... Severity-Related Changes of Bronchial Microbiome in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Marian Garcia-Nuñez, Laura Millares ...
Changes in neuroendocrine elements in bronchial mucosa in chronic lung disease in adults. ... Changes in neuroendocrine elements in bronchial mucosa in chronic lung disease in adults. ...
Inicio Allergologia et Immunopathologia Microbiome in the primary prevention of allergic diseases and bronchial asthma ... The current perspective on gut and airway microbiome manipulation for the primary prevention of allergic diseases and asthma is ...
Bronchial Casts and Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus Infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2010;16(2):344-346. doi:10.3201/ ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Hasegawa, M., Inamo, Y., Fuchigami, T., Hashimoto, K., Morozumi, M., Ubukata, K....Takahashi, T. (2010). Bronchial Casts and ...
Cystic Fibrosis and Bronchial Diseases. Department of Infection & Epidemiology. Lhousseine Touqui. Head ... Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a lethal autosomal, recessive inherited disease that commonly affects Caucasians. This disease is due ... aureus subvert immunity to infect airways of CF patients, ii) examine the mechanisms by which abnormal bronchial mucus ... Thus, airways infections by these opportunistic bacteria, associated to abnormal bronchial mucus and chronic inflammation are ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... Bronchial Casts and Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus Infection Maki Hasegawa, Yasuji Inamo. , Tatsuo Fuchigami, Koji Hashimoto, ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... B) Macroscopic bronchial casts extracted by intratracheal suction. C) Chest radiograph obtained on hospital day 2, indicating ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
Salbutamol Completed Phase N/A Trials for Asthma Bronchial / Chronic Lung Diseases Treatment. Back to Salbutamol ...
Airway inflammation and bronchial microbial patterns in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. N Soler, S ... bronchial neutrophilia is a key inflammatory pattern in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Bronchial colonization ... Airway inflammation and bronchial microbial patterns in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... Airway inflammation and bronchial microbial patterns in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
... coeliac disease, rheumatological disease, or use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and those with positive skin test ... Benard A, Desreumeaux P, Huglo D, et al. Increased intestinal permeability in bronchial asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol1996;97: ... Wallaert B, Janin A, Lassalle Ph, et al. Airway-like inflammation of minor salivary gland in bronchial asthma. Am J Respir Crit ... Duodenal histological changes mimicking those observed in bronchial mucosa have been shown.3,18 Nevertheless, in asthma, it is ...
... impulse oscillometry and bronchial dilation test for analysis in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... impulse oscillometry and bronchial dilation test for analysis in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... impulse oscillometry and bronchial dilation test for analysis in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... impulse oscillometry and bronchial dilation test for analysis in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Evidence for excessive bronchial inflammation during an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients ... The increased bronchial inflammation at presentation resolved rapidly with 14 d of antibiotic therapy. ... present study were to assess the inflammatory nature of acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Respiratory Diseases - Bronchial Diseases. Asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema are complex illnesses for which there is ... Respiratory Diseases - Treatments, Bronchial Diseases, Bronchodilators, Tuberculosis, Pneumonia, Cancer, Miscellaneous ... Respiratory Diseases - Treatments, Bronchial Diseases, Bronchodilators, Tuberculosis, Pneumonia, Cancer, Miscellaneous ... RECURRENT BRONCHIAL DISEASES. A child was given a bath in a hospital at the time of birth, got exposure and in turn suffered ...
... bronchial responsiveness, and the pattern of their symptoms. Bronchial responsiveness was measured by assessing the effect of ... Archives of Disease in Childhood 1993; 68 432-432 Published Online First: 01 Mar 1993. doi: 10.1136/adc.68.3.432 ... In contrast to the situation found in older children and adults, the non-atopic children had significantly greater bronchial ... acute wheeze associated with colds in the first three years of life is independent of the finding of atopy and that bronchial ...
... in Thoroughbred Racehorses and Local Bronchial Mold Challenge (ROA) ... Our current research focus is on Inflammatory Airway Disease (IAD) ... Inflammatory Airway Disease in Thoroughbred Racehorses. As the most common airway disease of athletic horses, IAD is ... Local Bronchial Mold Challenge. Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), also known as severe equine asthma or heaves is the most ...
Alveolar and Bronchial Nitric Oxide in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Asthma-COPD Overlap ... publishes original studies whose content is based upon results dealing with several aspects of respiratory diseases such as ...
This phenomenon consists of the loss of the epithelial phenotype by bronchial epithelial cells and the acquisition of a ... Finally, we will highlight the implication of EMT in airway remodelling in specific chronic bronchial pathologies, such as ... future studies of EMT in vivo are warranted to shed new light on the pathomechanisms of bronchial obstruction. ... deposition resulting in fixed bronchial obstruction. Recently, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been identified as a ...
Signalling Pathways in Bronchial Neuroendocrine Tumor Disease and Its Translation to Innovative Targets: The New Kid on the ... Introduction: Bronchial neuroendocrine neoplasias comprise a wide spectrum of well-differentiated tumors (typical/atypical ... 1301 Role of TSC22D1 (TGFβ-Stimulated Clone 22 Domain Family Member 1) in Bronchial Carcinoids. Introduction: Neuroendocrine ... 1001 Forkheadbox Proteins as Novel Drug Targets in Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Disease: Inhibition of FoxM1 ...
Hence the aim of the study was to rapid identification of mycobacterial species present in bronchial washings using multiplex ... The treatment of diseases with MTC and NTM are different because many of the first and second line anti-tuberculous drugs are ... BMC Infectious Diseases volume 16, Article number: 607 (2016) Cite this article ... There are incidences where M. celatum isolates had been isolated from bronchial washings [25] which was elucidated as a ...
... and release of interleukin-8 by human bronchial epithelial cells from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ... and release of interleukin-8 by human bronchial epithelial cells from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ...
  • To investigate the effect and safety of budesonide Turbuhaler® 100 μg/dose and 200 μg/dose twice daily for 6 weeks in Japanese children with bronchial asthma aged 5 years to 15 years old in need for inhaled glucocorticosteroid treatment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Among children with bronchial asthma, there are 30% more boys than girls, and in boys the disease is more severe. (medicine-guidebook.com)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux [GER] is a common disorder in children with bronchial asthma . (bvsalud.org)
  • Evaluation of Serum Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin Level in Children with Bronchial Asthma and its Relation to Disease Severity', The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine , 80(3), pp. 951-957. (ekb.eg)
  • Objective: To assess Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin serum level in children with bronchial asthma. (ekb.eg)
  • This disease is due to mutation of CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene that encodes a protein channel in epithelial cells where it regulates the luminal secretion of chloride and water transport. (pasteur.fr)
  • This phenomenon consists of the loss of the epithelial phenotype by bronchial epithelial cells and the acquisition of a mesenchymal phenotype. (inserm.fr)
  • We sought to determine whether COPD-associated processes are reflected in gene expression profiles of bronchial airway epithelial cells obtained by bronchoscopy. (ubc.ca)
  • Studies focusing on immune, smooth muscle, and airway epithelial function revealed many aspects of the disease mechanism of asthma. (pnas.org)
  • Bronchial drainage disturbances - based on bed function of epithelium and suppressed coughing reflex. (hubpages.com)
  • Airway remodelling is a critical feature of chronic bronchial diseases, characterised by aberrant repair of the epithelium and accumulation of fibroblasts, which contribute to extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition resulting in fixed bronchial obstruction. (inserm.fr)
  • Cilia line the bronchial but not the alveolar epithelium. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genes with COPD-associated expression in the bronchial airway epithelium had similarly altered expression profiles in prior studies performed on small-airway epithelium and lung parenchyma, suggesting that transcriptomic alterations in the bronchial airway epithelium reflect molecular events found at more distal sites of disease activity. (ubc.ca)
  • Bronchial airway epithelium may ultimately serve as a relatively accessible tissue in which to measure biomarkers of disease activity for guiding clinical management of COPD. (ubc.ca)
  • Abstract In this postmarketing study 9657 patients (5181 children) with bronchitis (acute or chronic bronchial inflammatory disease) were treated with a syrup containing dried ivy leaf extract. (kcbookcafe.com)
  • Bronchial hyperreactivity measured by the Methacholine Challenge Test (MCT) has been evaluated in two studies involving mainly adults.Our aim was to determine the frequency of bronchial hyperreactivity in pediatric patients followed and treated for Crohn disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • BA is recognized as an allergic disease, usually starting in childhood and characterized by airway hyperreactivity leads to a variable airflow obstruction [1]. (oatext.com)
  • Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) may be present in rhinitics. (monaldi-archives.org)
  • Respiratory obstructions arising from diseases can occur in the nasal area, the regions of the throat and windpipe (upper respiratory system ), or in the bronchial tubes and lungs (lower respiratory system). (jrank.org)
  • What is the correct definition of bronchial tubes? (lookfordiagnosis.com)
  • What are/where are bronchial tubes? (lookfordiagnosis.com)
  • Moist rales are caused by the fluid secretions in the bronchial tubes. (bronchitisremedies.info)
  • Acute bronchitis can be caused by an inflammation in the bronchial tubes. (bronchitiscure.info)
  • Bronchial asthma - A paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of breathing, characterized by spasm of the bronchial tubes of the lungs, wheezing, and difficulty in breathing air outward, often accompanied by coughing and a feeling of tightness in the chest. (google.com)
  • Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the part of the respiratory system that leads into the lungs. (bronchitisnatural.info)
  • Asthma is a disease of the bronchial tubes, or airways of the lungs, characterized by tightening of these airways. (generalhealthtopics.com)
  • People with asthma have red and swollen bronchial tubes. (generalhealthtopics.com)
  • Bronchial asthma is a chronic disease which causes inflammation in bronchial tubes due to sensitivity to certain irritants and causes irritation and difficulty in breathing. (kalinka-store.com)
  • Pathogenesis of bronchial obstruction is based on ventilation disturbances caused by etiological factor. (hubpages.com)
  • The obstructive btonchitis is the main cause of bronchial obstruction. (hubpages.com)
  • Pneumonia may worse the previously persisted bronchial obstruction. (hubpages.com)
  • Bronchoectases independently don't course bronchial obstruction but frequently associates with chronic bronchitis, pneumonia or hiredetary abnormalities that course the obstruction or other syndromes. (hubpages.com)
  • Diagnostic value of laboratory and instrumental investigations for bronchial obstruction and it peculiarities in patients with lung diseases is completely described in methodological instructions to lesson 1 in pulmonology. (hubpages.com)
  • Plastic bronchitis is a potentially fatal condition induced by bronchial obstruction from mucus accumulation resulting from infection, inflammation, or vascular stasis ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Fifty children with at least one hospital admission for acute lower airway obstruction in the first 2.5 years of life were assessed at 3 years of age to determine the relationship between atopy, bronchial responsiveness, and the pattern of their symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • Recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), also known as severe equine asthma or heaves is the most common chronic respiratory disease in adult horses. (purdue.edu)
  • Despite the limitations of in vitro models, future studies of EMT in vivo are warranted to shed new light on the pathomechanisms of bronchial obstruction. (inserm.fr)
  • The hypothesis states that various forms of airway obstruction, such as BA, chronic bronchitis and emphysema, can be recognized as an entity called chronic nonspecific lung disease and different environmental factors drive it into different phenotypes. (oatext.com)
  • A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Bronchial asthma is characterized by occasional, reversible airway obstruction that, if not properly treated, can lead to permanent obstruction. (cun.es)
  • COPD and Bronchial Asthma are the most common diseases of the Lungs in which 4-10% of Adults in the world are ill of COPD. (hubpages.com)
  • It is a disease of the lungs and is highly contagious. (jrank.org)
  • A bronchus (plural bronchi, adjective bronchial) is a caliber of airway in the respiratory tract that conducts air into the lungs. (lookfordiagnosis.com)
  • When prescribing aminophylline, contraindications should be taken into account, which include smoking and childhood, heart failure and acute coronary syndrome, chronic diseases of the lungs, liver and kidneys. (medicine-guidebook.com)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Illness (COPD) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease that allergy and pain in lungs and your respiratory system. (faithweb.com)
  • Bronchial mucous hypersecretion - deals with changes of neuro-humoral regulation or irritation of mucosa. (hubpages.com)
  • Changes in neuroendocrine elements in bronchial mucosa in chronic lung disease in adults. (bmj.com)
  • Helps to improve the LUNG function by having a regulatory effect on the bronchial mucosa so normalising their metabolism and enhancing their functional performance. (peptide-bioregulator.com)
  • Long-term smoking can directly lead to chronic bronchitis and different respiratory harming factors can make the bronchial tree vulnerable to bronchitis and fibrosis. (forumotion.com)
  • However, short the period of time that you can have bronchitis , coughing, which is the trade mark for Long-term smoking can directly lead to chronic bronchitis and different respiratory harming factors can make the bronchial tree vulnerable to bronchitis and fibrosis. (bronchitiscough.info)
  • Long-term smoking can directly lead to chronic bronchitis treatments and emphysema different types of treatment for cure acute bronchitis elements can make the bronchial tree cough syrup for bronchitis and fibrosis. (3difice.com)
  • Bronchial spasm (paroxysmal and steady) - Expiratory dyspnoe, dry cough, dry rales. (hubpages.com)
  • Trachea and bronchial narrowing - inspiratory dyspnoe, cough, restriction of chest movements. (hubpages.com)
  • While coughing is irritating and uncomfortable, losing the ability to cough can be fatal in an illness such as pneumonia, where coughing is essential to break up the mucous and other infected secretions produced by the body in its battle against the disease. (jrank.org)
  • Dry cough can be a symptom of asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), different allergies, chronic sinusitis and the list goes on. (health-from-nature.net)
  • a) jugulate bronchial asthma kinks, stop the cough and eliminate allergy or rhinitis stuffiness in nose, i.e. remove the severest symptoms of the diseases and, more importantly, prevent their attacks in the future almost without drugs. (buteyko.ru)
  • Taxorest is recommended for anyone whose bronchitis may deteriorate, especially those with chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, smoke cough, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic heart failure. (peptide-bioregulator.com)
  • Bronchial spasm is not common. (hubpages.com)
  • In asthma bronchial spasm occurs in response to an allergen so theoretically a patient shud find it as hard to inspire as to expire but that is not the case seen practically.The patient faces a problem mainly while breathing out. (lookfordiagnosis.com)
  • Prescription medicines and over-the-counter medications may provide temporary relief of the discomforts associated with colds, flu, and allergies, while asthma , tuberculosis, and other respiratory diseases require long-range medical attention and supervision. (jrank.org)
  • Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) which is currently one of the leading causes of death in the world [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Though it is anticipated that the patient's symptoms are mainly due to M. tuberculosis (MTB), the role of co-infecting NTM species in the pathogenesis of the pulmonary disease is still unclear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Clients with tuberculosis, pulmonary infarction, bronchial adenoma, or lung abscess may have grossly bloody sputum. (lookfordiagnosis.com)
  • Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis [The]. (bvsalud.org)
  • Thus, airways infections by these opportunistic bacteria, associated to abnormal bronchial mucus and chronic inflammation are the major problems of CF patients that need to be treated. (pasteur.fr)
  • Bronchitis designates the inflammation of the bronchial tree evolving with an excessive mucus secretion. (forumotion.com)
  • Garlic, pepper and chicken investment are recommended during acute respiratory disease in order to dilute the mucus and assist its eradication. (3difice.com)
  • Warm bath and warm most common winter diseases, treatable with homeopathy clear mucus and stabilize breathing. (3difice.com)
  • A bronchial disease that is characterized by chronic inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors resulting in recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound while breathing), chest tightness, shortness of breath, mucus production and coughing. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Mucus diseases. (unige.it)
  • The aim of the study was to determine changes in the bronchial microbiome of COPD associated with the severity of the disease. (asm.org)
  • 1 Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in children with asthma, 2 and duodenal histological changes and cytokine production mimicking those observed in bronchial asthma, have been shown. (bmj.com)
  • Atopy, bronchial responsiveness, and symptoms in wheezy 3 year olds. (bmj.com)
  • In contrast to the situation found in older children and adults, the non-atopic children had significantly greater bronchial responsiveness (lower mean concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in PtCO2, the PC20) than the atopic children and significantly more of them had an onset of respiratory symptoms in the first year of life. (bmj.com)
  • If you could tell me the name of a disease/ diseases that cause this, preferably not consumption or TB, a little about it and other symptoms it would be a massive help! (lookfordiagnosis.com)
  • Starting now, will help the body to fight off symptoms of many illnesses and diseases. (createmybb3.com)
  • The purpose of the study is to test whether treatment with CYT003-QbG10 can improve asthma symptoms in patients with allergic bronchial asthma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Contraindications are heart disease (coronary cardiosclerosis, myocardial infarction), severe tachycardia and symptoms of tachyphylaxis, old age. (medicine-guidebook.com)
  • What are the symptoms of bronchial asthma? (cun.es)
  • This study was designed to determine the direct in vivo evidence of increased production of endogenous NO in patients with bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (nih.gov)
  • Bronchial colonization by potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) is often demonstrated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but culture-based techniques identify only a portion of the bacteria in mucosal surfaces. (asm.org)
  • The bronchial microbiome of COPD patients was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene amplification and pyrosequencing in sputum samples obtained during stable disease. (asm.org)
  • The higher severity that characterizes advanced COPD is paralleled by a decrease in the diversity of the bronchial microbiome, with a loss of part of the resident flora that is replaced by a more restricted microbiota that includes PPMs. (asm.org)
  • Bronchial colonization by potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) is a frequent finding in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ( 1 , 2 ). (asm.org)
  • Therefore, the pattern of airway inflammation in smokers and patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its relation to bronchial microbial colonization was assessed. (ersjournals.com)
  • Smoking controls and COPD patients were mainly colonized in the bronchial tree (33%) by community endogenous potentially pathogenic micro-organisms (PPMs). (ersjournals.com)
  • The purposes of the present study were to assess the inflammatory nature of acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in subjects with AAT deficiency, to compare this with COPD patients without deficiency, and to monitor the inflammatory process and its resolution following appropriate antibacterial therapy. (nih.gov)
  • Bronchial asthma (BA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are two major health problems whose incidence is increasing. (oatext.com)
  • For a long time, it has been accepted that BA and COPD are distinct diseases that have different pathophysiological mechanisms as well as unique epidemiological features. (oatext.com)
  • Indeed, it is normal that these and other COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) patients are the first candidates to breathe pure oxygen 24/7 to save their lives. (createmybb3.com)
  • For the first time in the history of medicine, a group of about 200 doctors, after studying and curing thousands of patients, suggested the standard for ideal health (60 s of oxygen) that provide guarantee from such chronic conditions as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, COPD, arthritis, and many others. (createmybb3.com)
  • It also conducts patient awareness programmes targeted for education on asthma, COPD, lung cancer, IPF and other lung diseases. (amritahospitals.org)
  • Oxidative stress is an important causative factor in the onset and progression of smoking-related lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (tempol.info)
  • or=8 mg mL(-1) of histamine), COPD (defined as Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage II or higher), lung function level and the longitudinal course of FEV(1). (tempol.info)
  • Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), sputum eosinophilia, and bronchial reversibility are often thought to be a hallmark of asthma, yet it has been shown to occur in COPD as well. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Our study showed that BHR, sputum eosinophilia, and bronchial reversibility were not clustered in one single phenotype of COPD but could be present alone or together. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a major source of mortality and morbidity worldwide. (aber.ac.uk)
  • Molecular phenotyping of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been impeded in part by the difficulty in obtaining lung tissue samples from individuals with impaired lung function. (ubc.ca)
  • Gene expression profiling of bronchial brushings obtained from 238 current and former smokers with and without COPD was performed using Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Arrays. (ubc.ca)
  • Our findings demonstrate a molecular field of injury throughout the bronchial airway of active and former smokers with COPD that may be driven in part by ATF4 and is modifiable with therapy. (ubc.ca)
  • The result of comparative study of oropharyngeal microbiota taxonomic composition in patients with different severity level of bronchial asthma (BA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is presented in this paper. (spr-journal.ru)
  • Lack of differences in oropharyngeal microbiota taxonomic composition between patients with severe uncontrolled BA and very severe COPD allow us to suggest a similarity of bronchopulmonary system condition in case of diseases' severe stages. (spr-journal.ru)
  • The current perspective on gut and airway microbiome manipulation for the primary prevention of allergic diseases and asthma is also discussed. (elsevier.es)
  • The eosinophil is a major player in allergic disease. (ekb.eg)
  • Adding the forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) ratio yields almost perfect specificity, and peak expiratory flow (PEF) variability is intermediate in populations in which smoking induced or non-allergic respiratory diseases predominates. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a lethal autosomal, recessive inherited disease that commonly affects Caucasians. (pasteur.fr)
  • Exclusion criteria included evidence of digestive disease, food allergy, or any other condition associated with increased intestinal permeability, such as cystic fibrosis, coeliac disease, rheumatological disease, or use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and those with positive skin test against common food allergens (see below). (bmj.com)
  • Opportunistic pneumonia: As long as your immune system is in good condition, you don't have to worry about contracting this disease. (createmybb3.com)
  • Then, a maintenance drip infusion of the drug is carried out at the rate of 0.6 mg / kg per 1 h for a patient without concomitant pathology, 0.8 mg / kg per 1 h for smokers, 0.2 mg / kg per 1 h for congestive heart failure, pneumonia , diseases of the liver and kidneys, 0.4 mg / kg per 1 h in severe chronic lung diseases. (medicine-guidebook.com)
  • Increased production of endogenous nitric oxide in patients with bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (nih.gov)
  • Both SOD2 polymorphisms are associated with bronchial hyperresponsiveness, a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, while SOD2 C5774T additionally confers a risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the total population. (tempol.info)
  • Bronchial asthma is a clinically heterogeneous, chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by their hyperresponsiveness to environmental stimuli and by airflow limitation. (springer.com)
  • Sensitivity and specificity were calculated from cross tables of different (combinations of) tests for bronchial hyperresponsiveness and bronchial irritability in the past four weeks (BIS). (ox.ac.uk)
  • The most common are the syndromes of bronchial inflammation and delay of sputum. (hubpages.com)
  • About 41.4% had BHR, 31.0% had increased sputum eosinophils, and 37.9% had bronchial reversibility. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • When patients with bronchial reversibility were considered, bronchodilation was positively related to sputum eosinophils. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In conclusion, bronchial neutrophilia is a key inflammatory pattern in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. (ersjournals.com)
  • Finally, we will highlight the implication of EMT in airway remodelling in specific chronic bronchial pathologies, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and bronchiolitis obliterans following lung transplantation. (inserm.fr)
  • SOD SNPs linked to lung function, bronchial responsiveness and pulmonary disease. (tempol.info)
  • International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, vol. 10, 2015, pp. 1155-61. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Ideal for patients with bronchial conditions such as chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma and pulmonary disease. (peptide-bioregulator.com)
  • A dynamic bronchial airway gene expression signature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung function impairment. (ubc.ca)
  • It is concluded that airways responsiveness may be an important factor in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (nih.gov)
  • Archivos de Bronconeumologia (http: www.archbronconeumol.org) publishes original studies whose content is based upon results dealing with several aspects of respiratory diseases such as epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinics, surgery, and basic investigation. (archbronconeumol.org)
  • The incidence of demises due to NTM related pulmonary infections have increased globally [ 4 ] and the rapid increase in the incidence of NTM disease in AIDS patients have also been recorded. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that is characterized by inflammation of the airways. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma is a respiratory disease, characterized by chronic inflammation of the airways (bronchi), which causes recurrent episodes of shortness of breath (dyspnea), whistling in the chest with breathing (wheezing), coughing, and a feeling of tightness in the chest. (cun.es)
  • Bronchial artery casting techniques, modified and refined by Liebow and his colleagues, demonstrated the importance of dual circulation in the lung, particularly in inflammatory diseases of the airways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Active substance: peptide complex A-19 (peptides from bronchial mucous membranes) Excipients: microcrystalline cellulose (E460), beetroot sugar, lactose, starch, Tween-80. (peptide-bioregulator.com)
  • The microbiome associated with this disease may be an important component of the disease, though studies to date have been based on sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, and have revealed unequivocal results. (aber.ac.uk)
  • Here, we employed metagenomic sequencing of the upper bronchial tract (UBT) microbiome to allow for greater elucidation of its taxonomic composition, and revealing functional changes associated with the disease. (aber.ac.uk)
  • Bronchial neuroendocrine neoplasias comprise a wide spectrum of well-differentiated tumors (typical/atypical carcinoids) to undifferentiated carcinomas such as small (SCLC) and large cell (LC) neuroendocrine carcinomas with a fatal prognosis. (enets.org)
  • Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) include bronchial carcinoids, either typical (TC) or atypical (AC). (enets.org)
  • Bronchial Adenomas/carcinoids Childhood, also known as bronchial carcinoid tumor , is related to acromegaly and conn's syndrome . (malacards.org)
  • An important gene associated with Bronchial Adenomas/carcinoids Childhood is POMC (Proopiomelanocortin). (malacards.org)
  • We report a case of bronchial casts that caused atelectasis of the right lung of a child infected with influenza A pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods: Twenty-three children with Crohn disease completed a questionnaire, followed by spirometry, Methacholine Challenge Test (MCT) and determination of Fractional Exhaled NO (FENO). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 3 Asthma is a T lymphocyte mediated inflammatory disease of the bronchus, 4 and it has been suggested that the whole mucosal immune system might be involved, with activated T lymphocytes migrating from one mucosal site to another. (bmj.com)
  • This study will characterize the pulmonary response of RAO- susceptible horses to intra-bronchial allergen challenge with mold culture extracts from these fungal species by measuring airway inflammatory cells and lung function. (purdue.edu)
  • Ayurveda used it for the treatment of many inflammatory conditions and diseases like arthritis and muscular disorders. (exoticindia.com)
  • Background: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of multifactorial etiologies. (ekb.eg)
  • Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease in which bronchial wall remodelling plays a significant role. (springer.com)
  • However, inflammatory cell subtypes in asthma are also relevant to the thickening of the bronchial wall. (springer.com)
  • Get yearly flu shots and Pneumovax (pneumococcal vaccine) if you have asthma, chronic bronchitis , emphysema, chronic heart disease, or sickle cell disease. (whatisbronchitis.info)
  • Fortunately, this airway narrowing is reversible, a feature that distinguishes asthma from other lung diseases such as bronchitis or emphysema. (generalhealthtopics.com)
  • He described important aspects of vascular pathology in pulmonary emphysema, notably the expansion of the bronchial venous collateral circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • drugs which target the disease and their therapeutic use and side-effects . (guidetopharmacology.org)
  • Drugs, resembling two vital hormones in our body, are helpful for bronchial asthma treatment. (kalinka-store.com)
  • He is credited with the development of a classification system for lung disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bronchial colonization with potentially pathogenic micro-organisms may represent an independent stimulus for additional airway inflammation. (ersjournals.com)
  • Bronchial carcinoid tumors are relatively uncommon neoplasms that are considered to be malignant tumors of low to intermediate grade. (bvsalud.org)
  • Here we present a case of atypical bronchial carcinoid that was treated with bronchoscopic cryotherapy . (bvsalud.org)
  • Both are diseases of the lower respiratory system and have an equally adverse effect on pulmonary air passages. (createmybb3.com)
  • Acute bronchitis is caused by bronchial inflammation is usually self-limiting. (forumotion.com)
  • In 55% of patients are bronchial disorders. (hubpages.com)
  • Divya Chandraprabha Vati for Urinary Disease # Chandraprabha Vati is Very famous & useful medicine for the diseases relating to urinary tract & uterus as well as seminal disorders. (bronchitisremedies.info)
  • Bronchial disorders can make it hard for you to breathe. (medlineplus.gov)
  • To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Endo-bronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial needle Aspiration in patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy and mass lesions especially in the context of granulomatous versus non granulomatous lung disorders. (pafmj.org)
  • They give more information on the association between the ligand and disease in the context of immunopharmacology. (guidetopharmacology.org)
  • Context: Bronchial fibroepithelial polyp is a very rare benign endobronchial tumor. (scirp.org)
  • 5, 6 Walleret and colleagues 7 have recently shown an airway-like inflammation of the minor salivary glands, and Benard and colleagues 6 showed increased intestinal permeability in adults with bronchial asthma. (bmj.com)
  • In adolescence and in adults, the disease is more common in women. (medicine-guidebook.com)
  • 7 Unfortunately for both adults and children, there is global discordance between recommended vaccination schedules for those with CLD.8 Additionally, CFRB and many causes of NCFRB lead to systemic diseases that may benefit from nonpulmonary vaccination. (fak-signaling.com)
  • children are the worst victim of bronchial asthma, adults are not spared. (kalinka-store.com)