A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The name is similar to Broom or Scotch Broom (CYTISUS) or Butcher's Broom (RUSCUS) or Desert Broom (BACCHARIS) or Spanish Broom (SPARTIUM).
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
Board members of an institution or organization who are entrusted with the administering of funds and the directing of policy.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
An inward slant of the thigh in which the knees are close together and the ankles far apart. Genu valgum can develop due to skeletal and joint dysplasias (e.g., OSTEOARTHRITIS; HURLER SYNDROME); and malnutrition (e.g., RICKETS; FLUORIDE POISONING).
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that is the source of henna and has cytotoxic activity.
A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A small order of primarily marine fish containing 340 species. Most have a rotund or box-like shape. TETRODOTOXIN is found in their liver and ovaries.
A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Venoms from SNAKES of the viperid family. They tend to be less toxic than elapid or hydrophid venoms and act mainly on the vascular system, interfering with coagulation and capillary membrane integrity and are highly cytotoxic. They contain large amounts of several enzymes, other factors, and some toxins.
A plant genus of the family LYCOPODIACEAE. Members contain huperzine, one of the CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITORS.
A family of snakes comprising three subfamilies: Azemiopinae (the mountain viper, the sole member of this subfamily), Viperinae (true vipers), and Crotalinae (pit vipers). They are widespread throughout the world, being found in the United States, Central and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Their venoms act on the blood (hemotoxic) as compared to the venom of elapids which act on the nervous system (neurotoxic). (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp333-36)
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.

Matua bromegrass hay for mares in gestation and lactation. (1/33)

Matua bromegrass hay (Bromus willdenowii Kunth) is a high quality forage, but its value for mares during gestation and lactation is not well known. Intake, rate of passage, performance, and reproduction by gestating and lactating Quarter Horse mares fed the hay was investigated. In this experiment, 12, 2- to 12-yr-old gravid mares (mean BW = 553 kg, SD = 36) were fed Matua hay (CP = 11.5%) or alfalfa hay (Medicago sativa L.) (CP = 15.4%) for variable days prepartum (mean 59.9 d; SD = 23.5) and for 70 d postpartum. Matua and alfalfa hay were fed as the roughage portion of the diet with a grain supplement. Mares, blocked by age, expected date of foaling, and BW, were assigned randomly within blocks to treatments (six mares per treatment). Forage type did not affect intake, gestation length, birth weight, number of foals, foal weight gain, day of first postpartum ovulation, cycles per conception, or pregnancy rate at 70 d. On d 1, milk from mares fed alfalfa hay contained less (P < 0.03) CP than milk from mares fed Matua hay. Milk CP decreased (P < 0.01) in all mares over time. In a separate experiment, voluntary intake and rate of passage of Matua (CP = 15.5%), alfalfa (CP = 24.9%), and Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) (CP = 4.1%) hays were determined in nine 2-yr-old pregnant mares (mean BW = 447 kg; SD = 21). Diets were 100% forage. Timothy hay did not meet CP requirements for mares. Voluntary intake of alfalfa hay was higher (P < 0.01) than Matua hay. Intake of Timothy hay was lower (P < 0.01) than the mean of alfalfa and Matua hay. Rate of passage offorage was measured by passage of Cr-mordanted fiber. Passage rate and retention time did not differ between Matua and alfalfa hay; however, the retention times of Matua and alfalfa hays were shorter (P < 0.01) than for Timothy hay. Our results indicate that Matua hay is a forage that can be used safely for mares during gestation and early lactation and for their young foals.  (+info)

Effects of oscillating dietary protein on nutrient digestibility, nitrogen metabolism, and gastrointestinal organ mass in sheep. (2/33)

Twenty-four wether lambs (BW = 37.5 +/- 0.8 kg) were used in a 64-d randomized complete block design experiment to evaluate the effect of oscillating dietary CP with undegradable intake protein (UIP) on diet digestibility, N retention, and gastrointestinal (GI) organ mass. Four treatments consisted of a 13, 15, or 17% CP diet fed daily or a regimen in which dietary CP was oscillated between 13 and 17% on a 48-h basis (ACP). All diets consisted of 65% bromegrass hay (10.5% CP, 61.9% NDF, 37.2% ADF) and 35% corn-based supplement, and were formulated to contain the same amount of degradable intake protein (9.6% of dry matter), plus additional UIP (from SoyPLUS) to accomplish CP levels above 13%. Beginning on d 52, N balance collections were conducted for 8 d, after which lambs were killed on d 62 and 64 of the trial for measurement of GI organ mass. Because intake was restricted to 3.0% of initial body weight (dry matter basis), dry matter intake did not differ (P > or = 0.67) and no treatment effects (P > or = 0.36) on ADG, feed efficiency, or total tract DM digestibility were observed. Increasing dietary CP from 13 to 17% linearly increased (P = 0.0001) N digestibility, but lambs fed ACP had lower (P = 0.07) total tract N digestibility than those fed 15% CP daily. Although urinary N excretion increased linearly (P = 0.0001) with increasing CP, a linear increase (P = 0.07) was observed in N retention (g/d) with increasing dietary CP. Although the quantity of N retained by lambs fed ACP was not statistically different (g/d, P = 0.19; % of digested N, P = 0.23) from those fed 15% CP daily, N retention in lambs fed ACP was 42% lower than in those fed 15% CP daily (1.8 vs 3.1 g/d, respectively). Increasing CP linearly decreased (P < or = 0.09) weights of the reticulorumen, abomasum, and small intestine, but did not affect (P > or = 0.16) liver or omasum weights. Length of the small intestine was not affected (P > or = 0.45) by treatment, but lambs fed ACP had greater (P = 0.03) small intestine weights than those fed 15% CP daily. Increasing dietary CP linearly decreased (P = 0.03) total GI organ mass, and lambs fed ACP had a greater (P = 0.03) total GI organ mass than those fed 15% CP daily. Oscillating dietary CP may increase the weights of the GI organs, which may subsequently have negative effects on N and energy metabolism in the animal. Likewise, the potential for decreased GI organ mass in response to increased supply of CP with UIP deserves further investigation.  (+info)

Interspecific control of non-symbiotic carbon partitioning in the rhizosphere of a grass-clover association: Bromus madritensis-Trifolium angustifolium. (3/33)

Grass-legume interaction in the rhizosphere was investigated in a greenhouse experiment with two annual species, bromegrass Bromus madritensis (L.) and clover Trifolium angustifolium (L.) grown in mono and mixed cultures. Partitioning of below-ground carbon between roots, respiration, and soil was measured after separate 2 h-labelling of each species with 14CO2 followed by a 9 d chase period. At the time of labelling, clover nodules were not yet fixing N2. Bromegrass grew much faster than clover. Shoot biomass of bromegrass was greater in the presence of clover than in monoculture. By contrast, both shoot and root biomass of clover was less in the presence of bromegrass than in monoculture. Carbon assimilation during the period of labelling was proportional to shoot biomass and partitioning above and below-ground did not differ among treatments. Absolute amounts of labelled C allocated to rhizosphere respiration was more in bromegrass than in clover (respectively 1.38 mg C against 0.75 mg C in monoculture and 1.79 mg C and 0.63 mg C in mixed culture). However, when expressed as a percentage of below-ground C allocation, rhizosphere respiration was lower in bromegrass than in clover, respectively, 38% and 45% in monoculture. In mixed culture, this percentage increased by 7.3% for clover, and 3.5% for bromegrass, thus indicating that the interspecific effect of grass was higher than that of clover. The percentage of below-ground C in a soil solution of clover in mixed culture was more than 2-fold that measured in monoculture. It was also significantly correlated with the percentage of below-ground C in respiration. These results provided evidence that the grass-legume mixture has the potential to influence the rhizosphere processes of each species in more than an additive way and that the effect of the interaction was stronger on clover than on bromegrass. The possible implications of this in grass-legume competition are discussed.  (+info)

Effect of forage quality on digestion and performance responses of cattle to supplementation with cooked molasses blocks. (4/33)

We evaluated the effect of forage quality on response of cattle to supplementation with cooked molasses blocks. In Exp. 1, 175 heifers had ad libitum access to prairie hay (5.2% CP, DM basis). Treatments were a 2 x 3 factorial: supplementation with 0 or 1.96 kg/d of alfalfa DM, and supplementation with no cooked molasses block or with a low-protein or a high-protein cooked molasses block (14.4 and 27.5% CP, respectively, DM basis). There were no significant interactions between alfalfa and cooked molasses block for intake or gain. Forage intake and ADG were increased (P < 0.05) by alfalfa supplementation. Heifers fed high-protein cooked molasses blocks gained more (P < 0.05) weight than those fed low-protein cooked molasses blocks or no cooked molasses block. Heifers fed high-protein cooked molasses blocks ate more (P < 0.05) forage than those fed low-protein cooked molasses blocks, with heifers fed no cooked molasses block being intermediate. In Exp. 2, responses to cooked molasses blocks containing 33% CP (DM basis) were measured in 18 steers fed: 1) brome (8.4% CP), 2) alfalfa (19.2% CP), or 3) brome supplemented with 1.93 kg/d of alfalfa DM. Forages were available ad libitum. Forage DM intake was not affected by cooked molasses block and was greater (P < 0.05) for alfalfa than the alfalfa/brome mix, which in turn was greater (P < 0.05) than brome. Digestibility of DM was greater (P < 0.05) for alfalfa than brome or the alfalfa/brome mix and was not affected by cooked molasses block supplementation. Supplementation with cooked molasses blocks had only small effects on intake and digestion of medium- to high-quality forages, but it improved gains and feed efficiencies of heifers fed prairie hay ad libitum, with or without supplemental alfalfa.  (+info)

Nitrogen balance in lambs fed low-quality brome hay and infused with differing proportions of casein in the rumen and abomasum. (5/33)

Twenty wether lambs (46 +/- 2 kg) fitted with ruminal and abomasal infusion catheters were used in a completely randomized design to determine the effects of differing proportions of ruminal and abomasal casein infusion on N balance in lambs fed low-quality brome hay (0.8% N, DM basis) for ad libitum intake. Wethers were infused with 0 (control) or 10.7 g/d of N from casein with ratios of ruminal:abomasal infusion of 100:0 (100R:0A), 67:33 (67R:33A), 33:67 (33R:67A), or 0:100% (0R:100A), respectively, over a 12-d period. Total N supply (hay N intake + N from casein infusion) was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein infusion than in controls. Urinary N excretion (g/d) was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein infusion than in controls. Urinary N excretion decreased as casein infusion was shifted from 100R:0A to 33R:67A and then slightly increased in lambs receiving 0R:100A (quadratic, P = 0.02). Total N excretion was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein infusion than in controls and decreased linearly (P = 0.005) as casein infusion was shifted to the abomasum. Retained N (g/d, % of N intake, and % of digested N) was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein than in controls. Retained N increased as infusion was shifted from 100R:0A to 33R:67A and then slightly decreased in lambs receiving 0R: 100A (quadratic, P < 0.07). Based on regression analysis, the predicted optimum proportion of casein infusion to maximize N retention was 68% into the abomasum. The regression suggests that supplementation with undegradable intake protein had an additional benefit over supplementation with ruminally degradable intake protein (100R:0A) and that changing the percentage of ruminally undegradable intake protein in supplemental protein from 33 to 100% resulted in minimal differences in N retention. Apparent N, DM, OM, and energy digestibility (% of intake) was greater (P < 0.03) in lambs infused with casein than controls but did not differ among casein infusion groups. These data suggest that feeding protein supplements containing a portion (greater than 0%) of the crude protein as ruminally undegradable intake protein, as compared to 100% ruminally degradable intake protein, to lambs consuming low-quality forage increases N retention and the efficiency of N utilization without influencing total-tract nutrient digestion.  (+info)

Site and extent of digestion and amino acid flow to the small intestine in beef cattle consuming limited amounts of forage. (6/33)

Eight Angus x Gelbvieh heifers (445 +/- 74.5 kg) fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square double double-crossover designed experiment to assess the effect of restricted forage intake on site and extent of digestion and flow of essential AA amino acids to the small intestine. Heifers were fed chopped (2.54 cm) bromegrass hay (9.2% CP, 64% NDF on an OM basis) at one of four percentages of maintenance (30, 60, 90, and 120%). Experimental periods were 21 d in length, with 17 d of adaptation followed by 4 d of intensive sample collection, after which maintenance requirements and subsequent level of intake were adjusted for BW change. True ruminal OM, NDF, and N digestion (g/d) decreased linearly (P < 0.001) with decreasing forage intake. When expressed as a percentage of OM intake, true ruminal OM and N digestibility were not affected (P = 0.23 to 0.87), whereas ruminal NDF digestibility tended to increase (P = 0.09) as forage intake decreased. Total and microbial essential amino acid flow to the duodenum decreased linearly (P = 0.001) from 496.1 to 132.1 g/d and 329.1 to 96.0 g/d, as intake decreased from 120 to 30% of maintenance intake, respectively. Although the profile of individual essential amino acids in duodenal digesta (P = 0.001 to 0.07) and isolated ruminal microbes differed (P = 0.001 to 0.09) across treatment, the greatest difference noted for total and microbial essential amino acid profile was only 0.3 percentage units. Because total and microbial flow of essential amino acids to the small intestine decreased as OM intake decreased, but true ruminal degradability of individual essential amino acids (P = 0.17 to 0.99) and digesta essential amino acid profile were comparable across treatments, total essential amino acid supply to the small intestine was predicted using OM intake as the independent variable. The resulting simple linear regression equation was: total essential amino acid flow = (0.055 x OM intake) + 1.546 (r2 = 0.91). The model developed in this experiment accounted for more of the variation in the data set than the current beef cattle NRC model, which under-predicted total flow of essential amino acids to the duodenum. The prediction equation developed herein can be used to estimate the supply of essential amino acids reaching the small intestine when formulating supplements to compensate for potential amino acid deficiencies resulting from restricted forage intake.  (+info)

Ecological genetics of vernalization response in Bromus tectorum L. (Poaceae). (7/33)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass or downy brome) is an exotic annual grass that is dominant over large areas of former shrubland in western North America. To flower in time for seed production in early summer, B. tectorum plants generally require vernalization at winter temperatures, either as imbibed seeds or as established seedlings. METHODS: Variation in response to increasing periods of vernalization as seeds or seedlings for progeny of ten full-sib families from each of four B. tectorum populations from contrasting habitats was studied. KEY RESULTS: As vernalization was increased from 0 to 10 weeks, the proportion of plants flowering within 20 weeks increased, weeks to initiation of flowering decreased, and seed yield per plant increased, regardless of whether plants were vernalized as seeds or seedlings. Most of the variation was accounted for by differences among populations. Plants of the warm desert population flowered promptly even without vernalization, while those of the cold desert, foothill and montane populations showed incremental changes in response variables as a function of vernalization period. Populations differed in among-family variance, with the warm desert population generally showing the least variance and the cold desert population the most. Variation among populations and among families within populations decreased as vernalization period increased, whereas the non-genetic component of variance showed no such pattern. CONCLUSIONS: Variation in vernalization response was found to be adaptively significant and apparently represents the result of contrasting selection regimes on a range of founder genotypes.  (+info)

Efficacy of using a combination of rendered protein products as an undegradable intake protein supplement for lactating, winter-calving, beef cows fed bromegrass hay. (8/33)

Seventy-two (36 in each of two consecutive years) lactating, British-crossbred cows (609 +/- 19 kg) were used to evaluate effects of feeding a feather meal-blood meal combination on performance by beef cows fed grass hay. Bromegrass hay (9.6% CP, DM basis) was offered ad libitum and intake was measured daily in individual Calan electronic headgates. Acclimation to Calan gates began approximately 20 d after parturition, and treatments were initiated 21 d later. Cows were assigned randomly to one of four treatments (DM basis) for 60 d: 1) nonsupplemented control (CON), 2) energy control (ENG; 790 g/d; 100% beet pulp), 3) degradable intake protein (DIP; 870 g/d; 22% beet pulp and 78% sunflower meal), or 4) undegradable intake protein (UIP; 800 g/d; 62.5% sunflower meal, 30% hydrolyzed feather meal, and 7.5% blood meal). Net energy concentrations of supplements were formulated to provide similar NE(m) intakes (1.36 Mcal/d). The DIP and UIP supplements were calculated to supply similar amounts of DIP (168 g/d) and to supply 64 and 224 g/d of UIP, respectively. Forage DMI (kg/d) decreased in supplemented vs. nonsupplemented (P = 0.03) and DIP vs. UIP (P = 0.001); however, when expressed as a percentage of BW, forage DMI was not different (P = 0.23). Supplemented cows tended (P = 0.17) to lose less BW than CON. Body condition change was not affected (P = 0.60) by postpartum supplementation. No differences were noted in milk production (P = 0.29) or in calf gain during the supplementation period (P = 0.74). Circulating insulin concentrations were not affected by treatment (P = 0.42). In addition, supplementation did not affect circulating concentrations of NEFA (P = 0.18) or plasma urea nitrogen (P = 0.38). Results of the current study indicate that supplementation had little effect on BW, BCS, milk production, or calf BW when a moderate-quality forage (9.6% CP) was fed to postpartum, winter-calving cows in optimal body condition (BCS > 5). Supplemental UIP did not enhance cow performance during lactation. Forage UIP and microbial protein supply were adequate to meet the metabolizable protein requirements of lactating beef cows under the conditions of this study.  (+info)

Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) is a highly invasive winter annual grass that has caused significant changes to the steppe ecosystem of western North America. Cheatgrass is considered a facultative host of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), and has been shown to reduce AMF density in invaded soils and reduce AMF diversity in roots of neighboring grasses. However, specific information about interactions between cheatgrass and AMF remains unknown, as well as how these interactions differ from native vegetation. The research presented here addresses these knowledge gaps. To determine when cheatgrass is colonized by AMF and the magnitude of colonization, two dense cheatgrass patches were identified in invaded shortgrass prairie in Colorado. Individuals were excavated every three weeks, from six weeks after germination through senescence. Roots were collected from individuals, cleared, stained, and observed for AMF colonization. Roots were colonized by AMF at every sampling date, but percent ...
Winter wheat ranks high in importance as an agricultural crop in the Pacific Northwest states of Washington, Idaho, and Oregon. Winter annual grass weeds such as jointed goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica), downy brome (Bromus tectorum), feral rye (Secale cereale), wild oat (Avena fatua) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) have the same life-cycle as winter wheat and are difficult to control in conventional wheat production systems. These weeds annually account for millions of dollars of lost wheat production and reduced quality (i.e. discount by impurities). There has been only moderate success in controlling winter annual grasses in wheat by utilizing multiple-year crop rotations with spring crops and fallow periods, and with chemical control. Selective herbicides have been available for chemical control of downy brome, Italian ryegrass, and wild oat. However, before use of imazamox herbicide with imidazolinone-resistant (CLEARFIELD*) wheat, there was no herbicide that could selectively ...
Download and buy this stock image: Smooth bromegrass, Bromus inermis. Family Poaceae. Torrelles de Llobregat - B94-1312977 from age fotostocks photo library of over 50+ million high resolution stock photos, stock pictures, videos and stock vectors
Fields, roadsides, clearings, gardens, and other open, disturbed habitats. Common in the mountains; frequent in the Piedmont; infrequent in the Coastal Plain ...
Bromus madritensis ssp. madritensis, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild. ...
Bromus* Sp. Pl. 76 (1753).. Derivation:. From Greek bromos (oats), the ancient Greek name for the related genus Avena.. Taxonomic revisions, nomenclatural references:. P.Smith, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 30: 361-375 (1970).. Key references (keys and floras):. G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7: 660-662 (1878), incl. Ceratochloa; C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae 98-99 (1952), 94-98 as Serrafalcus and 102-104 as Ceratochloa; E.E.Henty, Manual Grasses New Guinea 43 (1969); M.Lazarides, Flora of Central Australia 432 (1981); J.C.Tothill and J.B.Hacker, Grasses of Southern Queensland 140-142 (1983); J.P.Jessop, Flora of South Australia 4: 1878-1882 (1986); B.K.Simon, Key to Australian Grasses 80-82 (1993); S.W.L.Jacobs and S.M.Hastings, Flora of New South Wales 4: 628-633 (1993); N.G.Walsh, Flora of Victoria 2: 501-508 (1994); D.I.Morris, Students Flora of Tasmania 4B: 286-292 (1994); E.Edgar and H.E.Connor, Flora of New Zealand 5: 355-372 (2000); D.Sharp and B.K.Simon, ...
Bromus inermis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.
Spikelet. Flowering - May - July. Habitat - Mesic to dry upland forests, ravines, streambanks, bluff ledges, bottoms, old fields, roadsides. Origin - Native to U.S. Other info. - This is one of the few native species of Bromus in Missouri and it is one of the most easily recognized and common species also. The plant can be found nearly throughout the state but it is less common in the north-central portions of Missouri. B. pubescens grows to over 1m tall and can be recognized by its drooping inflorescences, closed leaf sheaths, and pubescent stems and leaves ...
Bromus oxyodon var. lanuginosus Rozhev.. Annual; culms erect or geniculately ascending, up to 60 cm high. Leaf-blades up to 20 cm long, 2-5 mm wide, sheaths pubescent. Panicle 5-20 cm long, often suffused with purple, usually loose and spreading, up to 15 cm wide; branches ± whorled, l-4-spiculate, sometimes a little shorter than the spikelets but generally much longer, filiform and flexuous. Spikelets narrowly elliptic, 6-14-flowered, (15-)30-50 mm long excluding the awns, the lemmas overlapping and concealing the internodes; glumes glabrous or minutely hispidulous, the lower narrowly lanceolate, (8-)9-11 mm long, 3(-sub-5)-nerved, the upper narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 9-13 mm long, 5-7-nerved; lemmas narrowly elliptic in side view, the lower 12-18 mm long, herbaceous with broad hyaline margins not widened above the middle into an obtuse angle, 7-nerved, glabrous or minutely hispidulous, 2-toothed at the tip with acuminate teeth 1.5-2.5 mm long; awn subapical, flattened especially at the ...
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Bromus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 27 ...
Common Name: cheatgrass Duration: Annual Nativity: Non-Native Lifeform: Graminoid General: Highly invasive annual grass, erect to spreading, 30-60 cm tall with a slender, unbranched stem and shallow roots. Sheath closed to within a few cm of ligule. Culms puberulent below the panicles and sheaths densely and softly retrorsely pubescent to pilose. Vegetative: Blade 2.5-6 mm wide, 5-12 cm long, flat, twisted, drooping, blunt pointed; soft hairy on both sides; 2-3 veins each side of hairy midrib, which is prominent on upper leaf surface. Ligule thin and translucent, irregularly toothed or edges appear torn, 1-2. Inflorescence: Open panicle, dense, soft, drooping, often purple, 5-20 cm long, 3-8 cm wide, lax with spikelets 12-20 mm long, nodding, glumes subequal, lower glume 4-6 mm long, villous, upper 8-10 mm long, villous, lemma 10-12 mm long, lance-shaped, with long and soft hairs, teeth 2-3 mm long, convex on back, awn 12-14 mm long, straight to twisted. Ecology: Widespread on roadsides and open ...
Common Name: cheatgrass Duration: Annual Nativity: Non-Native Lifeform: Graminoid General: Highly invasive annual grass, erect to spreading, 30-60 cm tall with a slender, unbranched stem and shallow roots. Sheath closed to within a few cm of ligule. Culms puberulent below the panicles and sheaths densely and softly retrorsely pubescent to pilose. Vegetative: Blade 2.5-6 mm wide, 5-12 cm long, flat, twisted, drooping, blunt pointed; soft hairy on both sides; 2-3 veins each side of hairy midrib, which is prominent on upper leaf surface. Ligule thin and translucent, irregularly toothed or edges appear torn, 1-2. Inflorescence: Open panicle, dense, soft, drooping, often purple, 5-20 cm long, 3-8 cm wide, lax with spikelets 12-20 mm long, nodding, glumes subequal, lower glume 4-6 mm long, villous, upper 8-10 mm long, villous, lemma 10-12 mm long, lance-shaped, with long and soft hairs, teeth 2-3 mm long, convex on back, awn 12-14 mm long, straight to twisted. Ecology: Widespread on roadsides and open ...
Brome mosaic virus (BMV) is a small (28 nm, 86S), positive-stranded, icosahedral RNA plant virus belonging to the genus Bromovirus, family Bromoviridae, in the alphavirus-like superfamily. BMV commonly infects Bromus inermis (see Bromus) and other grasses, can be found almost anywhere wheat is grown, and thrives in areas with heavy foot or machinery traffic. It is also one of the few grass viruses that infects dicotyledonous plants; however, it primarily infects monocotyledonous plants, such as barley and others in the family Gramineae. BMV was first isolated in 1942 from bromegrass (Bromus inermis), had its genomic organization determined by the 1970s, and was completely sequenced with commercially available clones by the 1980s. The alphavirus-like superfamily includes more than 250 plant and animal viruses including Tobacco mosaic virus, Semliki forest virus, Hepatitis E virus, Sindbis virus, and arboviruses (which cause certain types of encephalitis). Many of the positive-strand RNA viruses ...
The exotic annual grass Bromus tectorum has replaced thousands of hectares of native perennial vegetation in semi-arid ecosystems of the western United States. Inorganic N availability and production
We are evaluating the biological and ecological traits of the invasive grass Bromus tectorum in NW Patagonia so as to predict its capacity to expand its range under current environmental conditions. In particular, we are studying the effects of routes as the starting point of the invasion and the effects of new interactions in the invaded range (facilitation, granivory) which may limit or promote invasion.. ...
Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) has become the dominant species over large areas of rangeland in the Great Basin region of the western United States. Rapid germination at low temperature may contribute to the competitive success of cheatgrass in areas formerly dominated by native sagebrush and bunchgrass species. The objectives of this study were to determine whether seed priming could be used to stimulate low-temperature germination rate of native bunchgrass seeds and whether any priming effect was retained after drying and storage. Matric-priming was used to enhance germination rate response of 7 Great Basin native perennial grasses: thickspike wheatgrass [Agropyron dasystachyum (Hook.) Scribn.], bluebunch wheatgrass [Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) Love], canby bluegrass (Poa canbyi Scribn.), sandberg bluegrass (Poa sandbergii Vasey.), bottlebrush squirreltail [Sitanion hystrix (Nutt.) J.G. Smith], sheep fescue (Festuca ovina L.), and basin wildrye [Leymus cinereus (Scribn. and Merr.) A. ...
Desensitization with Allergen Specific Dilutions Desensitization is accomplished by sublingual administration of homeopathic antigens. Not only is desensitization achieved but, in addition, there is the homeopathic principle of Like Cures Like-resulting in better control of symptoms. Drainage of the Antigenic Residue Hydrastis, Baptisia, Phytolacca, Nasturtium, Trigonella and Commiphora are drainage remedies (3x) added to enhance the homeopathiceffect. Ingredients: ZONE 5 - Updated GRASSES BERMUDA GRASS (Cynodon dactylon) BLUEGRASS, ANNUAL (Poa annua) BLUEGRASS, CANADIAN (Poa compressa) BLUEGRASS, KENTUCKY (Poa pratensis) BROME, HUNGARIAN (Bromus inermis) CANARY GRASS, REED (Phalaris arundinacea) CHEAT GRASS (Bromus secalinus) CORN (Zea mays) FESCUE, MEADOW (Festuca elatior) JOHNSON GRASS (Sorghum halepense) JUNE GRASS (Poa pratensis) OAT GRASS, TALL (Arrhenatherum elatius
In September 2010, we implemented an experiment with three treatments replicated eight times: control, snowmelt and warming. Snowmelt and warming treatments were imposed with infrared heat lamps (Model HS-2420, Kalgo Electronics Co.; e.g. Harte and Shaw, 1995) installed 1.6 m above the ground surface. In warming plots, the lamps were left on from November until cheatgrass seed set, which occurred in May or June depending on phenology. In snowmelt plots, the lamps were turned on only during snowfalls and were turned off immediately after the snow had been melted. Each plot contained four 25 × 25 cm quadrats consisting of a plastic mesh grid with 100 2.5 × 2.5 cm cells. We planted three of these quadrats with seed collected from three sites located along an elevation gradient. One of these sites was in the immediate vicinity of the experiment. The others were located within 60 km and 25 km of it, and 120 m lower and 370 m higher in elevation, respectively. We collected seed in both years during ...
Restoration of sagebrush-steppe plant communities dominated by the invasive ruderals Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass) and Taeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead) can be facilitated by adding carbon (C) to the soil, stimulating microbes to immobilize nitrogen (N) and limit inorganic N availability. Our objectives were to determine responses in (1) cheatgrass and medusahead biomass and seed production; (2) soil microbial biomass C and N; and (3) inorganic soil N to a range of C doses and to calculate the lowest dose that yielded a significant response. In November 2005, we applid 12 C doses ranging from 0 to 2,400 kg C/ha as sucrose to plots sown with cheatgrass and medusahead at two sites in the northern Great Basin. Other ruderal plants established in our plots, and this entire ruderal community was negatively affected by C addition. End-of-year biomass of the ruderal community decreased approximately by approximately 6% at each site for an increase in...
Eesti Teadusinfosüsteem koondab informatsiooni teadus- ja arendusasutuste, teadlaste, teadusprojektide ning erinevate teadustegevuste tulemuste kohta.
The Tennessee-Kentucky Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria.
The Tennessee-Kentucky Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria.
For vascular plants occurring in wildlands or otherwise outside of cultivation in California, the Jepson eFlora contains taxonomic treatments, distribution maps, illustrations, photographs, and identification keys.
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
Spikelet subcylindric to slightly compressed, generally glabrous; glumes with rounded back, lower 4.5 7 mm, 3 5-veined, upper 5 8 mm, 5 7-veined; florets 3 9; lemma 7 10 mm, generally glabrous, back rounded, faintly 7 9-veined, teeth fused or free, , 1 mm, awn 5 11 mm, straight to slightly ...
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Mazzola, M.B., J.C. Chambers, R.R. Blank, D.A. Pyke, E.W. Schupp, K.G. Allcock‡, P.S. Doescher, and R.S. Nowak. 2011. Effects of resource availability and propagule supply on native species recruitment in sagebrush ecosystems invaded by Bromus tectorum. Biological Invasions 13: 513- 526.. ...
To investigate whether arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) - abundant in a phosphate-polluted but nitrogen-poor field site - improve plant N nutrition, we carried out a two-factorial experiment, including N fertilization and fungicide treatment. Percentage of root length colonized (% RLC) by AMF and tissue element concentrations were determined for four resident plant species. Furthermore, soil nutrient levels and N effects on aboveground biomass of individual species were measured. Nitrogen fertilization lowered % RLC by AMF of Artemisia vulgaris L., Picris hieracioides L. and Poa compressa L., but not of Bromus japonicus Thunb. This - together with positive N addition effects on N status, N:P-ratio and aboveground biomass of most species - suggested that plants are mycorrhizal because of N deficiency. Fungicide treatment, which reduced % RLC in all species, resulted in lower N concentrations in A. vulgaris and P. hieracioides, a higher N concentration in P. compressa, and did not consistently ...
Selection of important species in Europe:. Alopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail): distributed from the plains to the mountains, widespread flowering May (peak of the grass pollen season).. Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass): widespread in Eurasia, in bloom from April to June.. Arrhenatherum elatius (false oatgrass): seeded grass used for forage and making hay. Common in pastures and forest openings. Flowering from June to August.. Poa pratensis (smooth or common meadow-grass): seeded grass most commonly used for lawns and pastures, widely distributed from the lowlands to the high alpine areas, in bloom from May to July.. Bromus hordaceus (soft brome): distributed widely in Europe from the plains up to middle mountain ranges, flowering from May to July.. Avena fatua (wild oat): found from the plains to the middle mountain areas, cereal weed, flowering from June to August.. Lolium perenne (perennial ryegrass): common in meadows and pastures, used as a pasture grass, flowering from May to ...
The North China Plain (NCP) is one of the most important winter wheat production areas in the world. A double cropping system of winter wheat followed by summer maize in one year is the most common cropping practice in the NCP. However new crops and agricultural practices including chemical weed control measures were recently introduced in this area. Alopecurus spp., Aegilops squarrosa L. and Bromus japonicus Thunb. were found to be the most abundant grass weeds in the NCP winter wheat production system. In 2008 and 2009, A. japonicus seeds were collected from different locations in the NCP to conduct herbicide efficacy studies. Besides conventional glasshouse bioassays a rapid herbicide resistance test has been developed and tested. This new resistance test is based on chlorophyll fluorescence microscreenings for evaluation of the efficacy of herbicides on grass weeds grown in tissue culture plates filled with an agar-herbicide solution. In glasshouse bioassays for chlorotoluron a resistance ...
CHESS, n.2 [I do not find this word in any English dictionary; nor do I know its origin or affinities. In Persian, خَّسْ chas or gas, signifies evil, depraved, and a useless weed.]. In New England, the Bromus Secalinus, a grass which grows among wheat, and is supposed to be wheat degenerated or changed, as it abounds most in fields where the wheat is winter-killed. It bears some resemblance to oats. This fact is mentioned by Pliny, Nat. Hist lib. 18, ca. 17. Primum omnium frumenti vitium avena est; et hordeum in eam degenerat. This change of wheat and barley into oats, he ascribes to a moist soil, wet weather, bad seed, &c. This opinion coincides with observations in America, as wheat is most liable to perish in moist land, and often in such places, almost all the wheat is killed, and instead of it chess often appears. But this change of wheat into chess is now denied, and the common opinion is affirmed, by the ablest botanists, to be erroneous. ...
Lop Grass (Bromus Racemosus, L.) The habitat of this plant is fields and waste places. The habit is erect. The stem is erect and rigid. The leaves are rigid, fringed with hairs, and otherwise, as t...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Subspecies Bromus brachyanthera Döll ssp. uruguayensis (Arechav.) Roseng., B.R. Arrill. & Izag. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Subspecies Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. inermis Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Pyrenophora semeniperda is a generalist fungal pathogen that occurs primarily on monocot seed hosts. It is in the phylum Ascomycota, which includes both self-compatible (homothallic) and self-incompatible (heterothallic) species. Homothallic fungal species contain complementary mating-type (MAT) idiomorphs in a single unikaryotic strain, while heterothallic strains contain a single MAT idiomorph requiring interaction between strains of complementary mating-types for sexual reproduction to occur. Because the majority of P. semeniperda strains contained either MAT1 or MAT2, this species was provisionally categorized as heterothallic. However, many strains contain both MAT idiomorphs and appear to be homothallic. These results warranted a closer look at the MAT idiomorphs and the structure of the P. semeniperda genome in order to assure accurate characterization of the MAT locus. Additionally, an assessment of the geographic distribution of MAT idiomorphs provides us with insight into the genetic diversity
The fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis is a major pathogen of wheat worldwide, causing the leaf spotting disease tan spot. To best inform approaches for plant genetic resistance, an understanding of the biology and pathogenicity mechanisms of this fungal pathogen is essential. Here, intracellular and extracellular proteins of P. tritici-repentis were extracted, and peptides analysed via high-resolution mass spectrometry. Our objective was to generate a useful proteomics resource for P. tritici-repentis. A survey of proteins secreted by the pathogen into culture filtrate is especially useful, as these are likely to come in direct contact with the wheat host and may play important roles in infection/pathogenicity. The peptide data presented herein, has also been used to successfully verify and refine in silico predicted P. tritici-repentis gene annotations, through the validation of alternative splicing and reading frame shifts. The data sets presented consist of peptide spectra of the extracellular and
A naturally occurring soil bacteria could give native bunch grasses at the Hanford Reach National Monument the competitive advantage they need to edge out cheatgrass.
Scientists are looking at a fungus dubbed the black fingers of death to curb the spread of cheatgrass, the most invasive plant species in the country.
DESIGNATED VACCINATING CENTRES : Amendment to No 24, 1956, Supp. 2 = CENTRES DE VACCINATION HABILITÉS : Amendement au N° 24, 1956, Supp. ...
The main goal of this research was to identify potential molecular pathways that contribute to memory dysregulation and decline that persists long after illness or inflammation. We have previously established a subchronic immune challenge model that results in memory impairments months after the inflammatory challenge. This project aimed to determine whether memory impairments were accompanied by transcriptional dysregulation in memory related brain region (the hippocampus). These data show the differential gene expression as log2fold change (and p-value) in males and females 3 months after immune challenge (Supp Tables 1 and 2); after a subsequent immune challenge (Supp Tables 3 and 4); the differential regulation of genes in males and females (Supp Table 5); genes differentially expressed in the hippocampus of males and females at baseline (Supp Table 6) and the differential regulation of those genes in males and females after immune challenge (Supp Tables 7,8). ...
The main goal of this research was to identify potential molecular pathways that contribute to memory dysregulation and decline that persists long after illness or inflammation. We have previously established a subchronic immune challenge model that results in memory impairments months after the inflammatory challenge. This project aimed to determine whether memory impairments were accompanied by transcriptional dysregulation in memory related brain region (the hippocampus). These data show the differential gene expression as log2fold change (and p-value) in males and females 3 months after immune challenge (Supp Tables 1 and 2); after a subsequent immune challenge (Supp Tables 3 and 4); the differential regulation of genes in males and females (Supp Table 5); genes differentially expressed in the hippocampus of males and females at baseline (Supp Table 6) and the differential regulation of those genes in males and females after immune challenge (Supp Tables 7,8). ...
Supplementary Materials Supplemental Material supp_32_2_140__index. As flies are ectotherms and their bodys temperature is certainly therefore near that of the ambient environment (Stevenson 1985a,b), the TPR creates a daily tempo in bodys temperature through selecting a preferred temperatures. Importantly, our prior data claim that TPR is certainly governed from locomotor activity rhythms individually, as may be the case for mammalian BTR (Kaneko et al. 2012). As a result, the TPR resembles mammalian BTR. Considering that the molecular systems root locomotor activity rhythms and rest are well conserved from to mammals (Sehgal and Mignot 2011; Dubowy and Sehgal 2017), we utilized to recognize the genes that regulate BTR. To recognize the mechanisms that underlie TPR, we focused on the secretin receptor ACP-196 manufacturer family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which play important conserved functions in not only circadian rhythms and sleep modulation (Taghert and Nitabach 2012; Bedont ...
Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis (Beetle & A. Young) S.L. Welsh-bunchgrass communities were used to analyze the influence of disturbances on invasibility after a recovery period. These communities evolved with periodic fires shifting dominance from shrubs to herbaceous species. However, fire can facilitate Bromus tectorum L. invasion of these plant communities. We evaluated the invasibility of A. tridentata ssp. wyomingensis-bunchgrass communities 4 years after prescribed fall burning at six sites by comparing burned to unburned (control) communities. These communities did not have B. tectorum present prior to introduction. B. tectorum was introduced at 1, 10, 100, 1000, and 10,000 seeds m?2 in burned and unburned communities. B. tectorum individuals established only when introduced at 10,000 seeds m?2. In the areas seeded at 10,000 seeds m?2, B. tectorum density and cover were more than three-fold higher in the control than burned treatments (P=0.04 and 0.08, respectively). Total herbaceous
Few studies report animal grazing effects on weed populations. A study was conducted to assess weed populations in annual and perennial forage grasses grazed at various intensities by cattle over a 4-yr period. The perennial forages were Bromus inermis and Bromus riparius, and the annual forages were winter Triticosecale and a mixture of Hordeum vulgare and winter Triticosecale. With few exceptions, results from the two annual pastures could be adequately described as a group, as could the results from the two perennial pastures. The two most prevalent weed species were Capsella bursa-pastoris and Taraxacum officinale; other species encountered over the course of the study were analyzed as a group. Tillage (seedbed preparation) in the annual system supported a proliferation of annual weeds in the spring. In the perennial pasture system, a lack of tillage and spring MCPA allowed T. officinale to increase as the study progressed, especially at the highest grazing intensity. In the perennial ...
The necrotrophic fungal pathogen Pyrenophora tritici-repentis causes tan spot, a major disease of wheat, throughout the world. The proteinaceous effector ToxA is responsible for foliar necrosis on ToxA-sensitive wheat genotypes. The single copy ToxA gene was deleted from a wild-type race 1 P.tritici-repentis isolate via homologous recombination of a knockout construct. Expression of the ToxA transcript was found to be absent in transformants (toxa), as was ToxA protein production in fungal culture filtrates. Plant bioassays were conducted to test transformant pathogenicity. The toxa strains were unable to induce necrosis on ToxA-sensitive wheat genotypes. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a targeted gene knockout in P.tritici-repentis. The ability to undertake gene deletions will facilitate the characterization of other pathogenicity effectors of this economically significant necrotroph.. ...
ingredients : adrenalinum 6x purpose* decongestant allium cepa 6x purpose* relieves allergy symptoms arsenicum iodatum 6x purpose* relieves allergy symptoms euphrasia officinalis 6x purpose* relieves allergy symptoms sabadilla 6x purpose* relieves allergy symptoms sanguinaria canadensis 6x purpose* relieves allergy symptoms histaminum hydrochloricum 12x purpose* antihistamine agrostis gigantea 12x purpose* allergen;redtop grass;avena sativa 12x purpose* allergen;oat;bromus specie 12x purpose* allergen cynodon. ...
Poaceae, oligophagous. Agrostis capillaris; Bromus; Calamagrostis arundinacea, canescens, villosa.. Agrostis is the main hostplant, also the only one mentioned by Bongers.. ...
Most diversity restoration projects are not to improve diversity per se , but rather to enhance the presence and abundance of species that are characteristic of reference or target community. The use of Bromus inermis suppresses annual noxious grasses and increases the control of other-forb group although these species are also noxious weeds; these may be substituted with another perennial species of the same functional group all through the whole experimental period, as it occurs with other perennialforb Carduus tenuifolius . A field experiment was conducted on abandoned arable land with sown low and high diversity treatments and natural colonization following typical farming practice for the site. Experimental plots were installed on former agricultural land that had been cropped with (a rotation of) monocultures until the end of 1995. The experiment was organized according to a block design with five replicate blocks. An opposite trend was performed among the colonizer species, because the ...
To investigate the potential use of n-alkanes (alkanes), long-chain alcohols (alcohols) and long-chain fatty acids (acids) for estimating the diet composition of sheep, in a feeding trial. A total of 18 sheep were assigned randomly to three different diets (diet A, diet B and diet C) containing up to eight herbage species (Leymus chinensis, Leymus dasystachys, Elymus sibiricum, Chenopodium album, Puccinellia chinampoensis, Medicago sativa, Saussurea sinuata and Bromus inermis). Faecal recoveries of alkanes, alcohols and acids were determined, and diet compositions were estimated using different combinations of alkanes, alcohols and acids. The faecal concentrations of individual alkanes, alcohols and acids were corrected using the mean recovery of the dietary treatment that the respective animal belonged to (diet recovery), or the mean recovery across all dietary treatments (general recovery). In general, diets did not affect the faecal recovery values for alkanes, alcohols and acids, and no difference
Contents Cow/Calf Comparison of Two Development Systems for March-born Replacement Beef Heifers Effects of Supplemental Protein During Gestation and Grazing Sub-irrigated Meadow During the Postpartum Interval on Pregnancy Rates of Spring Calving Cows and Calf Growth The Effects of Temperature and Temperature-Humidity Index on Pregnancy Rate in Beef Cows Effects of Dried Distillers Grains Supplementation Frequency on Heifer Growth Reproductive Response in Heifers Fed Soybeans During Post Weaning Development Grazing The Effects of Dried Distillers Grains on Heifers Consuming Low or High Quality Forage Tree Growth and Cattle Weight Gain in a Ponderosa Pine System Determination of Undegradable Intake Protein Digestibility in Forages Finishing Effects of Corn Moisture and Degradable Intake Protein Concentration on Finishing Cattle Performance Effects of Corn Moisture and Length of Ensiling on Dry Matter Digestibility and Rumen Degradable Protein Influence of Corn Kernel Traits on Digestibility and Ruminal
Copernicia tectorum is a palm that grows in large populations on seasonally flooded savannas in the Caribbean region of Colombia, where its stems and expanded leaves are used in construction, and its unexpanded leaves are used to make handicrafts. We studied abundance and population structure in 34 plots of 20×10m (0.68 ha) of three localities (Plato, Córdoba and Magangué) at the Mompox Depression, an inner delta formed by the confluence of four large rivers. We recorded growth and mortality of 164 palms of different size classes over 13 months, and additionally we estimated seedling and juvenile mortality in two 10x10m plots within the same sites. Data analysis using Kolgomorov-Smirnov (KS), Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were made on Statgraphics Plus and SPSS. We related the structure and dynamics of the palm stands to flood intensity. Copernicia tectorum has the fastest leaf production rate recorded for any palm (19-23 leaves/year in subadults and adults), and a short life span of ...
Sempervivum tectorum is used for curing any type of mouth related wounds. Besides it, this medicine is also used for curing breast cancer, piles and other diseases.
Cheatgrass renovation efforts, Roundup Ready alfalfa and recognition of the Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Stations 125 years in Wyoming are among field day topics Thursday, Aug. 25, at the James C. Hageman Sustainable Agriculture Research and Extension Center (SAREC) near Lingle.. Registration begins at 4 p.m., and research presentations are 4:20-5:30 p.m. Recognition of the Agricultural Experiment Stations 125th anniversary is 5:30-6 p.m., followed by dinner.. Pistol and Pete, the Agricultural Experiment Stations draft horse team, are scheduled to be present, pulling the University of Wyoming College of Agriculture and Natural Resources restored sheep wagon. SAREC is one of UWs four agricultural research and extension centers. The others are near Powell, Sheridan and Laramie.. David Kruger, agricultural liaison librarian with UW Libraries, will provide perspective on the experiment stations history in Wyoming. The station was started one year after the last soldiers left the ...
Supplementary Materials Supplemental Data supp_61_3_365__index. adherence, and macrophage proliferation. All interventions reduced plasma total cholesterol (37% with atorvastatin to 80% with triple treatment; all < 0.001). Triple treatment reduced non-HDL-C to at least one 1.0 mmol/l (91% difference from control; < 0.001). Atorvastatin decreased atherosclerosis development by 28% versus Prodipine hydrochloride control (< 0.001); dual treatment blocked development and reduced lesion severity completely. Triple treatment regressed lesion size versus baseline in the thoracic aorta by 50% and the aortic root by 36% (both < 0.05 vs. baseline), decreased macrophage build up through reduced Prodipine hydrochloride proliferation, and abated lesion severity. Therefore, high-intensive cholesterol-lowering triple treatment focusing on all apoB-containing lipoproteins regresses atherosclerotic lesion Prodipine hydrochloride area and enhances lesion composition in mice, making it a encouraging potential ...
This was done in interim 4.8.36 which is still on the Interim site if you just want to try switching out the decludeproc.exe and testing to see if the issue is resolved. David Barker VP Operations Declude Your Email security is our business 978.499.2933 office 978.988.1311 fax [email protected] -----Original Message----- From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of Andy Schmidt Sent: Thursday, March 18, 2010 12:22 PM To: [email protected] Subject: RE: [Declude.Virus] How to disable CommTouch Zerohour (for testing) Declude 4.6.35 Diagnostics Compilation Platform: IMail Copyright (c) 2000-2009 Declude, Inc. Host Name MAYWOOD-IS-0012.WEBHOST.HM-SOFTWARE.COM Daisy Chain smtp32.exe DNS Server 127.0.0.1 Product Details JunkMail ON EVA ON Hijack OFF AVG ON CommTouch ON From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of David Barker Sent: Thursday, March 18, 2010 12:07 PM To: [email protected] Subject: RE: [Declude.Virus] How to disable CommTouch ...
Supplementary MaterialsSupplemental data Supp_Amount1. indicators during imaging, enabling sufficient analysis of collagen in these areas thereby. These email address details are very important to research workers and pathologists to acquire more information from paraffin-embedded tissue and archived examples to execute retrospective analysis from the ECM or gain more information from uncommon samples. Launch Multiphoton-induced microscopy is becoming an important device in a variety of applications, such as for example imaging with subcellular quality on pores and skin,1 early tumor analysis,2 evaluation of tissue-engineered items,3 and medication screening,4 as well as for imaging extracellular matrix (ECM) constructions.5 Two-photon excitation is dependant on the simultaneous absorption of two photons with generation of fluorescence in the visible array. This idea of quantum optics was expected by G?pert-Mayer in her doctoral dissertation in 19316 and observed using laser beam excitation in ...
Ehlis v. Shire Richwood, Inc., 233 F. Supp. 2d 1189 (D.N.D. 2002) case opinion from the U.S. District Court for the District of North Dakota
Supplementary MaterialsSupplemental data Supp_Appendix. the connected cell cluster, producing the effect more interpretable biologically. We also bring in an entropy-based measure for selecting an extremely clusterable similarity matrix as our starting place among a broad selection to facilitate the effective procedure of our algorithm. We used BiSNN-Walk to three huge scRNA-Seq studies, where we demonstrated that BiSNN-Walk could retain and enhance the cell clustering ability of SNN-Cliq occasionally. We could actually obtain sensible gene clusters with regards to Move term enrichment biologically. Furthermore, we noticed that there is significant overlap in best quality genes for clusters related to identical cell states, demonstrating the fidelity of our gene clusters even more. become the vector from the top triangle from the similarity matrix, the ideals are placed by us of into similar size bins, akin to whats done for histograms. Let denote the proportion of values that fall into each ...
Bollitier v. INTERNATIONAL BROTH. OF TEAMSTERS, 735 F. Supp. 612 (D.N.J. 1989) case opinion from the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey
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Two experiments using calves fed 176 days from November to May (WINTER) and yearlings fed 117 days from May to September (SUMMER) were conducted to compare conventional CP levels to phase-fed diets balanced for degradable intake protein and undegradable intake protein on performance and N volatilization. Phase fed diets were formulated to balance degradable intake protein and metabolizable protein. Phase feeding resulted in greater ADG and better F:G in WINTER and similar performance in SUMMER than traditional feeding methods. Nitrogen excretion was significantly reduced in both WINTER and SUMMER which translated into significantly less N volatilization without impacting N removed in manure.
28. Empiric antifungal therapy should be considered in critically ill patients with risk factors for invasive candidiasis and no other known cause of fever and should be based on clinical assessment of risk factors, surrogate markers for invasive candidiasis, and/or culture data from nonsterile sites (strong recommendation; moderate-quality evidence). Empiric antifungal therapy should be started as soon as possible in patients who have the above risk factors and who have clinical signs of septic shock (strong recommendation; moderate-quality evidence). ...
Citation: Norton, U., Morgan, J.A., Mosier, A.R., Derner, J.D. 2004. Trace gas emissions and soil c and n transformations following moisture pulses in sagebrush: effects of invasive and native companion plant species. p. 358. In: Proceedings of the American Geophphysical Union Fall Meeting Abstracts. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Simulating water pulses is an important tool for understanding biogeochemical processes in semi arid environments. Global change triggered shifts in plant species composition exert significant control over belowground C and N transformations. They also affect the ecosystem resiliency and its ability to withstand exotic weed invasion. We monitored effects of water additions on trace gas emissions and soil C and N in sagebrush soils, both canopy and shrub interspace, on sites dominated by either native bunchgrass, western wheatgrass, or an exotic annual, cheatgrass. Our results indicate that long-term cheatgrass establishment affects not only soil under its ...
The long battle to mitigate and potentially eliminate cheatgrass, one of the American Wests most menacing invasive weeds, has just taken a positive step forward. U.S. Forest Service research, conducted by ecologist Susan Meyer, has demonstrated in field trials that the fungal pathogen known commonly has Black Fingers of Death is very effective in eliminating the cheatgrass carryover seed bank that can come back to haunt a restoration seeding after apparently successful control.
I usually get biscodyl supp. from my drugstore and a lot of times have butt snot afterwards. Well i was in Fla. and got some glycerin supp. cause thats all they had at CVS. I used a half and didnt have any after effects with the glycerin. Is there a big difference? If so ill start using the glycerin.Thanks for any help. Im c-6-7 18 years post. I just use half a supp. and sit on the toilet chair til i go.
Alfalfa is a very palatable and productive herbaceous perennial legume with worldwide distribution. It is grown in every state in the US. Hundreds of different varieties have been developed. Growth habit is upright, with crowns having 5-25 stems growing 23-35 inches (60-90 cm) in height. Regrowth occurs from crown buds or axillary stem buds. Alfalfa has a prominent taproot. However, typically 60-70 percent of the root system is concentrated in the upper 6 inches (15 cm) of soil, with fibrous roots predominating and bearing most of the nodules. It is high yielding and high in quality, but requires high fertility and large quantities of water for optimum productivity. It is grown primarily for hay, but can be ensiled, or used as pasture, either alone or in combination with grasses (typically orchardgrass or smooth bromegrass). Dehydrated alfalfa can be pelleted, cubed, or sold as meal.. ...
1. Determine particular ecological niches/reservoirs for pathogenic/antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, identifying nutritional/biological/environmental factors affecting ability to colonize/survive/persist within gut of food-producing animals & their production environment. a) Determine effect of feeding distillers grains & other diets & organic acids on gut microbial ecology; b) Determine effects of feeding diets high in rumen undegradable intake protein & of feeding monensin on colonization/carriage/shedding of Campylobacter in cattle; c) Evaluate mechanistic effects of short chain nitrocompounds & free fatty acids on hydrogen balance/fitness of foodborne pathogens; d) Determine if specific or shared reservoirs exist for Clostridium difficile in populations of swine & humans in integrated agri-business operations; phenotypically/genotypically characterize Cl. difficile isolates; e) Determine effects of lactoferrin & whey-protein concentrate on fecal shedding & gut populations of Salmonella ...
Hey guys, Big two-parter here on Testofen*: * Testofen is a concentrated fenugreek (trigonella foenum-greacum) seed extract standardized to 50% f
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Explore the 20 possible supplements interactions for Adrenergic Alpha-Antagonists and the research papers that mention these interactions.
The information provided on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your physician or other health care professional or any information contained on or in any product label or packaging. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. You should not use the information on this site for diagnosis or treatment of any health problem or for prescription of any medication or treatment. You should consult with a health care professional before starting any diet, exercise, or supplementation program, before taking any medication, or if you have or suspect you might have a health problem. You should not stop taking any medication without first consulting your physician.. ...
Highly absorbable form of elemental potassium for effective supplementation Delivers the maximum allowed dosage Vital electrolyte mineral that is essential for many bodily functions This form of dietary potassium is bound to aspartic acid, which has been shown in research to act as an efficient mineral transporter. Man
There is no per user settings for virus other than on or off or allow vulnerabilities. We can look at adding the new functionality to our development wish list. David Barker VP Operations Declude Your Email security is our business 978.499.2933 office 978.988.1311 fax ,mailto:[email protected], [email protected] From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of John T Sent: Monday, December 21, 2009 11:22 AM To: [email protected] Subject: Re: [Declude.Virus] Per user setting Any ideas? John T eServices For You -----Original Message----- From: John T ,[email protected], Sent 12/11/2009 11:59:05 AM To: declude.virus ,[email protected], Subject: [Declude.Virus] Per user setting Is there a way possible to allow on a per user basis outgoing banned extensions WITHOUT disabling outgoing virus scanning? If not, could this be something that could be added? John T eServices For You --- This E-mail came from the Declude.Virus mailing list. To ...
ROETTGER, J. ORDER:. Violent crime cases are the exception in federal courts. The instant case is arguably the most violent case ever tried in a federal court: the indictment charges the sixteen defendants on trial with 14 murders by means such as beheading, stabbing, occasionally by pistol shots, plus severing of body parts such as ears to prove the worthiness of the killer. Plus, they are charged with arson of a slumbering neighborhood by molotov cocktails with the perpetrators under orders to wait outside the innocent victims homes wearing ski masks and brandishing machetes to deter the victims from fleeing the flames.. In the course of the trial, the Government sought to introduce into evidence medical examiners photographs of the victims. Defendants objected to the admission of these photographs into evidence on the grounds that the photographs were not relevant pursuant to Fed. R. Evid. 401 and prejudicial in effect pursuant to Fed. R. Evid. 403. Specifically, the Defendants contend that ...
You know that branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are important for muscular energy and growth, but you might not know the best ratio of leucine, valine, and isoleucine. Jim Stoppani has you covered!
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Clinical Otology. Scientific Otology is the whole reference for easy clinical details at the functioning of the ear and present recommendations for the analysis, administration, and rehabilitation of sufferers with universal otologic problems. during this variation the authors handle vital issues similar to the genetic analysis of hereditary listening to loss, administration of enhanced canal dehiscence, evidence-based administration of otitis media with effusion, center ear and mind stem implantable listening to units, new purposes of transtympanic remedy, and extra. ...
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Linear regression model-adjusted week 12 mean score by treatment group.. Purpose: To assess the severity of pain Population: Patients with pain from chronic diseases or conditions such as cancer, osteoarthritis and low back pain, or with pain from acute conditions such as postoperative pain Responsiveness: Responds to both behavioral and pharmacological pain interventions Method: Self-report or interview Scoring: Higher scores indicate more pain Range: 0-10 ...
AKArtlover--youre right about exercise. I may not be doing enough on some days. I do walk about 1-2km a day, and take ballet lessons three times a day. Ballet class is a challenge for me though, sometimes maybe too much because of its high demands for both flexibility and endurance, even though its not considered a cardiovascular exercise. I sometimes get really frustrated and bumped out because I cant do certain movements or steps or lack endurance to finish the exercises. Perhaps not a good way to boost my mood! But when everything goes well, my mood is majorly lifted. Its a bit like an emotional roller coaster. Perhaps Im too attached to the outcome and should be more relaxed about it ...
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FINESILVER, J.. I. As the wife of a serviceman, plaintiff was an eligible patient at the Family Dental Clinic and on March 29, 1974, she was seen by Kent L. Aitkin, D.D.S. After his examination, Dr. Aitkin advised her that she needed several fillings and recommended extraction of her upper and lower third molars (wisdom teeth). He advised her that the teeth were impacted and absent removal she would have trouble in the future. She was already experiencing distress and pain from the molars. These molars are the end back teeth and generally are not functional either in concert or alone.. Plaintiff returned to the clinic on April 12, 1974, at which time two right third molars were removed by Dr. Aitkin. Packing was placed in the extracted areas. She was allowed to return home with the packing in place, additional replacement packing, medications, prescriptions for pain and infection, and instructions on care at home.. Later that same evening (or in the early morning hours), plaintiff had a coughing ...
Other English names: Indian Corn, Maize. Botanical description: Corn is one of the tallest and most vigorous of the annual grasses. The stems, which vary in height in different types and varieties, a...
Wash your hands with soap and water after applying sertaconazole cream. Established in 1937,. Chlorogalum purpureum var. Documents Similar To Anatomie- Dezvoltarea Coloanei. Reductum, with the Spanish common name of Amole de Cañón Camatta. And 8- 10 coccygeal somites. Meaning of columna vertebralis medical term. Columna vertebralis explanation free. Amole de Cañón Camatta, surrounded by dried invasive annual grasses and herbs typical of California Mediterranean- climate grassland habitat. Traumatismele craniocerebrale si vertebromedulare 1. It has been introduced into the tropical regions of Asia, Africa and the Pacific, where it is an invasive weed. This site provides information on the extinct and extant elasmobranch teeth. Formarea coloanei vertebrale • • The origins of the vertebral column. Musculatura coloanei vertebrale Muşchi flexori Cervicali Toracali LombariLungul gâtului Drept abdominal PsoasScaleni Oblici abdominali Drept abdominalSternocleidomasto- Transvers abdominalidian ...
The larvae feed on Agropyron, Bromus, Hordeum vulgare, Melica, Secale cereale and Triticum aestivum. They possibly mine the ...
The larvae feed on Poa annua, Poa caespitosa, Agrostis tenuis, Bromus catharticus and Festuca arundinacea. Gordon, Dennis P., ...
The larvae feed on Avena, Avenula pubescens, Bromus erectus, Calamagrostis epigejos, Dactylis glomerata, Festuca and Holcus ...
One example of an invasive species that changed fire regime in Western North America is Bromus tectorum. Historical fire return ...
... is found across North America, where it lives in the grass species Bromus kalmii and Elymus spp. (including ...
Around Stert Island the nationally rare compact brome (Bromus madritensis) and nationally scarce Ray's knotgrass (Polygonum ...
The larvae feed on various grasses, including Festuca, Bromus erectus, Brachypodium pinnatum, Cynosurus cristatus, Corynephorus ...
The larvae feed on various types of grass, such as Brachypodium pinnatum, Bromus erectus, Festuca rubra, Holcus lanatus and ...
Wormwood dominates, and among ephemera 20-25 species are met, including mast cereals: Poa bulbosa, Bromus, wall barley (Hordeum ...
Upright brome (Bromus erectus). *Slim-stem reed grass (Calamagrostis neglecta). *Grey hair-grass (Corynephorus canescens) ...
Native grasses and herbs include Bromus inermis, Agropyron mongolicum, A. cristatum, Festuca arundinacea, Elymus dahuricus, ...
BMV commonly infects Bromus inermis (see Bromus) and other grasses, can be found almost anywhere wheat is grown It is also one ... BMV was first isolated in 1942 from bromegrass (Bromus inermis), had its genomic organization determined by the 1970s, and was ...
Bromus benekenii) Northern hawk's-beard (Crepis mollis) Yellow star-of-Bethlehem (Gagea lutea) Whorled Solomon's-seal ( ...
Bromus species), bunch grass (Calamagrostis arundinacea), Calamagrostis epigejos, Dactylis glomerata, Deschampsia cespitosa, ...
Boivinella Borinda Bothriochloa Bouteloua Brachiaria Brachyachne Brachychloa Brachyelytrum Brachypodium Briza Bromuniola Bromus ...
Bromus madritensis, foxtail brome Hordeum jubatum, foxtail barley Setaria, foxtail millets Acalypha hispida, chenille plant or ...
Caltoris bromus bromus Leech, 1893 Caltoris confusa (Evans, 1932) Caltoris cormasa (Hewitson, 1876) Caltoris kumara moorei ( ...
The larvae feed on hairy brome (Bromus ramosus), cock's-foot (Dactylis glomerata), tufted hairgrass (Deschampsia cespitosa), ...
Bromus 1908: Holiday House 1909: Charles O'Malley 1910: Manwolf 1911: Combination 1912: St Begoe 1913: Cressingham 1914: ...
... may refer to: Bromus interruptus, commonly known as the interrupted brome, a plant in the true grass family ...
Bromus erectus) type, and north-east is the Windsor Hill Quarry geological SSSI and the Windsor Hill Marsh biological SSSI, a ...
Bromus carinatus1,, Bromus inermis1,, Bromus japonicus1,, Bromus sterilis1,, Bromus tectorum1,, Delphinium sp1,., Festuca ...
Wild harvested greens and weeds: Bromus, chick weeds, cock's foot or dactylis (orchard grasses), dandelions, erythronium ( ...
Bromus tectorum), tumble mustard (Sisymbrium altissimum), and Russian thistle (Salsola kali). There is also a suite of animals ...
1, Alopecurus pratensis1, Aneurolepidium chinense1, Avena sativa1 Bromus inermis1, B. marginatus1, B. willdenowii1 Calluna ...
Agropyron (wheatgrass), Bromus (bromegrasses), Elymus (wildrye), Festuca (fescues), Hordeum (barleys), Lolium (ryegrasses), Poa ...
Bromus erectus), hoary plantain (Plantago media) and rough hawkbit (Leontodon hispidus). Where there are wet field edges ...
Bromus commutatus, Bromus hordeaceus (G2), Bromus inermis, Bromus marginatus, Elymus tsukushiense, Festuca arundinacea, ... Agrostis canina, Alopecurus myosuroides (G2), Alopecurus arundinaceus (G2), Alopecurus pratensis, Bromus arvensis, ...
Bromus inermis and Elymus repens that grow beneath the ice and snow. The Przewalski horse's winter diet is very similar to the ...
Tipski rod trav je latovka (Poa), odtod tudi poimenovanje družine Poaceae. Ime Poa izvira iz grščine in pomeni zelišče, trava, rastlina. Zastarel izraz za družino je Gramineae. Uporaba starejšega izraza je še vedno dovoljena: Poaceae = Gramineae Jussieu nom. cons. (nomina conservanda) et nom. alt. (nomen alternativum)[1].. Trave so kritosemenke (Magnoliophyta). V nasprotju z golosemenkami (Gymnospermae) je pri njih semenska zasnova v plodnici. Družina trav pripada redu travovci (Poales) in razredu enokaličnice (Liliopsida). Družina vsebuje približno 10.000 vrst, ki so razdeljene v 600 do 700 rodov. Trave so razdeljene v 13 poddružin, ki so po velikosti neenakomerno porazdeljene, potem so razčlenjene še v skupno 64 tribusov. Poddružine lahko glede na filogenetiko združimo v dve glavni skupini: „BEP-klad" in „PACC-klad".. ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bromus&oldid=252388660" ...
Bromus pallens Cav. (from The Plant List). Bromus pilosus F.Dietr. (from The Plant List). Bromus propendens Jord. (from The ... Bromus boraei Jord. (from The Plant List). Bromus gussonei Parl. (from The Plant List). Bromus macrantherus (Hack. ex Trab.) ... Bromus maximus var. glaber Willk. (from The Plant List). Bromus maximus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) Douin (from The Plant List). ... Bromus • Subgenus: Bromus subg. Stenobromus • Species: Bromus diandrus Roth ...
... © 2011 Neal Kramer. Bromus hordeaceus. © 2011 Barry Breckling. Bromus hordeaceus. © 2011 Neal Kramer. Bromus ... Previous taxon: Bromus hallii. Next taxon: Bromus inermis. Name Search Botanical illustration including Bromus hordeaceus. ... assignable to Bromus hordeaceus subsp. divaricatus (Bonnier & Layens) Kerguélen, Bromus molliformis J. Lloyd ex Billot, Bromus ... Bromus pacificus Shear not in California. Unabridged Note: Report in FNANM of Bromus pacificus Shear (in HSC) based on ...
... © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. ... Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. ... Bromus berteroanus. CHILEAN CHESS. Family: Poaceae (Gramineae). View Description. Dichotomous Key. Genus: Bromus. View ... Previous taxon: Bromus arvensis. Next taxon: Bromus briziformis. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Bromus setifolius . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Genus: Bromus Subgenera: B. subg. Bromus - B. subg. Ceratochloa - B. subg. Festucoides - B. subg. Neobromus - B. subg. ... Bromus. Published online. Accessed 27 Oct. 2013.. Vernacular names[edit]. беларуская: Каласоўнік. čeština: Sveřep. English: ... Bromus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the ... Bromus . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 27. ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Bromus lanceolatus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bromus_briziformis&oldid=6960525" ... Genus: Bromus Subgenus: B. subg. Bromus Species: Bromus briziformis Name[edit]. Bromus briziformis Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ...
... Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ...
Bromus species Bromus scoparius Name. Homonyms. Bromus erectus Moris. Bromus erectus Huds.. Bromus erectus Ledeb.. Common names ... Bromus erectus Moris Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Classification. kingdom Plantae phylum Tracheophyta class ...
Bromus japonicus pronunciation, Bromus japonicus translation, English dictionary definition of Bromus japonicus. Noun 1. Bromus ... Bromus japonicus. Also found in: Thesaurus.. Related to Bromus japonicus: Bromus arvensis ... Bromus arvensis L.; SYN: Bromus japonicus Thunb.; Japanese Chess, Field Brome; C = 0; BSUH 16729.. The vascular flora in three ... Bromus japonicus - definition of Bromus japonicus by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Bromus+japonicus ...
Bromus hordeaceus is native to Eurasia, where it is most common in the Mediterranean region. It has naturalized in all other ... Bromus hordeaceus - Overview Soft Brome learn more about names for this taxon ... Jennifer Hammock split the classifications by Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel from Bromus hordeaceus L. to their own ... Jennifer Hammock split the classifications by Botany resource from Bromus hordeaceus L. to their own page. ...
... this reference contains the essential information for growing BROMUS GRASS. Read more for a successful harvest! ...
Bromus pubescens Muhl. ex Willd. - Canada Brome Family - Poaceae Stems - No info. yet. Node of stem. Leaves - No info. yet. ... Other info. - This is one of the few native species of Bromus in Missouri and it is one of the most easily recognized and ...
Bromus secalinus Days To Maturity About Quick Fact Days To Maturity. Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, ... http://www.johnnyseeds.com/flowers/grasses-ornamental/bromus-grass-ornamental-grass-seed-3394.11.html Size ...
Bromus inermis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen ... Bromus marginatus. Mountain Brome. Perennial. 1.0. - LMH. SN. DM. 1. 0. Bromus ramosus. Hairy Brome. Perennial. 1.5. 4-8 LMH. ... Bromus breviaristatus. Mountain Brome. Perennial. 0.8. - LMH. SN. DM. 1. 0. Bromus carinatus. Californian Brome. Annual/ ... The genus Bromus contains many complex, polyploid series. Bromus inermis belongs to section Bromopsis, containing wild species ...
Bromus Linn. 雀麦属 Description from Flora of China. Bromopsis (Dumortier) Fourreau; Ceratochloa P. Beauvois; Nevskiella ... In addition to the species treated below, Bromus pubescens Muhlenberg ex Willdenow (Enum. Pl. 120. 1809) was recorded by Jung ...
Plants perennial, annual, or biennial; usually cespitose, sometimes rhizomatous. Culms 5-190 cm. Sheaths closed to near the top, usually pubescent; auricles usually absent; ligules membranous, to 6 mm, usually erose or lacerate; blades generally flat, rarely involute. Inflorescences panicles, sometimes racemose, erect or nodding, open or dense, occasionally 1-sided; branches usually ascending to spreading, sometimes reflexed or drooping. Spikelets 5-70 mm, terete to laterally compressed, with 3-30 florets; disarticulation above the glumes, beneath the florets. Glumes unequal, usually shorter than the adjacent lemmas, always shorter than the spikelets, glabrous or pubescent, usually acute, rarely mucronate; lower glumes 1-7(9)-veined; upper glumes 3-9(11)-veined; lemmas 5-13-veined, rounded to keeled, glabrous or pubescent, apices entire, emarginate, or toothed, usually terminally or subterminally awned, sometimes with 3 awns or unawned; paleas usually shorter than the lemmas, ciliate on the ...
genus: !!Bromus L. Projects: Bolivia , IPCN , Madidi Checklist , New World Grasses , VPA Keywords: AGF, BOL, IGS, PBRZ, TYPES, ...
Bromus mollis var. hordaceus (L.) Lilj. Bromus mollis var. hordeaceus (L.) Fr. Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus (L.) L. ...
Bromus macrostachys var. oxyodon (Schrenk) Griseb.*Bromus nototrophus Rupr.*Bromus oxyodon var. lanuginosus Rozhev.. Annual; ... Bromus oxyodon is similar to Bromus pectinatus, especially when young, but can be distinguished by its longer glumes, its ... Bromus oxyodon Schrenk in Bull. scient. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 10: 355. 1842. Schrenk, Enum. Pl. Nov. 2:1. 1842; Hook.f., Fl. Brit ...
Bromus commutatus, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California. ...
Bromus carinatus, a monocot, is a perennial grasslike herb that is native to California, and also found elsewhere in western ...
Bromus sterilis is native to Europe, growing from Sweden southward. It now grows in North America in road verges, fields, waste ... Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Bromus comes from Greek bromo for stinking, while sterilis means sterile. Editor: LKearsley ...
Bromus rigidus auct. non Roth. Taxonomic Serial No.: 40517 (Download Help) Bromus rigidus TSN 40517 ... This record was originally "Bromus rigidus Roth" (TSN 40517), and was later mistakenly turned into "Bromus rigidus auct. non ... non indicating a misapplication of the name), and a new correctly applied name was added with a new TSN, Bromus rigidus Roth ( ...
Bromus commutatus Schrad.. Taxonomic Serial No.: 40497 (Download Help) Bromus commutatus TSN 40497 ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Bromus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Bromus secalinus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Bromus carinatus var. carinatus. Kingdom Plantae. Class Magnoliopsida. Order Poales. Family Poaceae. Genus Bromus. Specific ...
Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski, more, Bromus longipilus , Bromus nutans St.-Lag., Bromus setaceus Buckley, Bromus tectorum f. ... John, Bromus tectorum var. glabratus Spenner, Bromus tectorum var. hirsutus Regel, Bromus tectorum var. nudus Klett & Richter, ... tectorum, Bromus tectorum var. glabratus, Bromus tectorum var. hirsutus, Bromus tectorum var. nudus Editor: SBuckley 2010, ... Bromus tectorum is a European species that is well established in the Flora region and other parts of the world. It grows in ...
aristata (Schur) Tzvelev, moreBromus inermis f. aristatus (Schur) Drobow, Bromus inermis f. bulbiferus Moore, Bromus inermis f ... Koch) Fernald, Bromus inermis var. coloradensis (Vasey ex Beal) Kartesz & Gandhi, Bromus inermis var. divaricatus , Bromus ... Koch) Beck, Bromus inopinatus C. Brues & B. Brues, Festuca inermis (Leyss.) DC. & Lam., Festuca inermis var. inermis (Leyss.) ... Bromus inermis also resembles a recently introduced species, B. riparius, from which it differs primarily in its shorter or ...
  • Rescuegrass ( Bromus catharticus ) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. (weedscience.org)
  • Poverty Brome ( Bromus sterilis ) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. (weedscience.org)
  • Downy Brome (Cheatgrass) ( Bromus tectorum ) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. (weedscience.org)
  • Concilio A, Loik ME, Belnap J (2013) Global change effects on Bromus tectorum L. (Poaceae) at its high-elevation range margin. (springer.com)
  • Genetic Variation in Bromus tectorum (Poaceae): Differentiati" by Elizabeth Bartlett, Stephen J. Novak et al. (boisestate.edu)
  • Bromus setaceus Buckley, Bromus tectorum f. nudus (Klett & Richt. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Bromus tectorum is a European species that is well established in the Flora region and other parts of the world. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • In the southwestern United States, Bromus tectorum is considered a good source of spring feed for cattle, at least until the awns mature. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Specimens with glabrous spikelets have been called Bromus tectorum forma nudus (Klett & Richt. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Bromus tectorum was resistant on railways not very far from Paris Today the only resistant population ever tested has disappeared. (weedscience.org)
  • BACKGROUND: Bromus tectorum L. is one of the most troublesome grass weed species in cropland and non-cropland areas ofthe northwestern USA. (weedscience.org)
  • El control químico de Bromus tectorum se ha enfocado en imazapic. (cambridge.org)
  • Estos resultados indican que las aplicaciones de imazapic en el otoño en climas semiáridos persisten hasta la primavera, bridando así control de plántulas que emergen en el otoño de B. tectorum y semillas que sobreviven el invierno y emergen durante la siguiente primavera. (cambridge.org)
  • Competition from the annual grass Bromus tectorum threatens aridland perennial bunchgrass communities. (springer.com)
  • Chambers JC, Bradley BA, Brown CS, D'Antonio C, Germino MJ, Grace JB, Hardegree SP, Miller RF, Pyke DA (2014) Resilience to stress and disturbance, and resistance to Bromus tectorum L. Invasion in cold desert shrublands of western North America. (springer.com)
  • The influence of certain environmental and edaphic factors on germination and emergence of Bromus tectorum L. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The influence of certain environmental and edaphic factors on the germination and emergence of downy brome (Bromus tectorum L.) was investigated in the laboratory. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) is a highly invasive winter annual grass that has caused significant changes to the steppe ecosystem of western North America. (secheresse.info)
  • Cheatgrass ( Bromus tectorum ) is arguably the most destructive biological invader in basins of the North American Intermountain West, and warming could increase its performance through direct effects on demographic rates or through indirect effects mediated by loss of snow. (elementascience.org)
  • The generalist fungal pathogen Pyrenophora semeniperda occurs primarily in cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) seed banks, where it causes high mortality. (usda.gov)
  • Bromus tectorum is an exotic annual grass that currently dominates many western U.S. semi-arid ecosystems, and the effects of this grass on ecosystems in general, and soil biota specifically, are unknown. (usgs.gov)
  • Bromus tectorum , a devastating plant invader in western North America, had entered Pennsylvania by 1790. (boisestate.edu)
  • We are evaluating the biological and ecological traits of the invasive grass Bromus tectorum in NW Patagonia so as to predict its capacity to expand its range under current environmental conditions. (liho.com.ar)
  • Bromus inermis - Leyss. (pfaf.org)
  • Bromus inermis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). (pfaf.org)
  • Bromus inermis belongs to section Bromopsis, containing wild species with chromosome numbers ranging from 2x to 8x. (pfaf.org)
  • Bromus inermis f. aristatus (Schur) Drobow, Bromus inermis f. bulbiferus Moore, Bromus inermis f. proliferus Louis-Marie, Bromus inermis f. villosus (Mert. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Koch) Beck, Bromus inopinatus C. Brues & B. Brues, Festuca inermis (Leyss. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Bromus inermis is native to Eurasia, and is now found in disturbed sites from Alaska and most of Canada south through most of the United States, except the southeast. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Bromus inermis is similar to B. pumpellianus , differing mainly in having glabrous lemmas, nodes, and leaf blades, but a lack of pubescence is not a consistently reliable distinguishing character. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Bromus inermis also resembles a recently introduced species, B. riparius , from which it differs primarily in its shorter or nonexistent awns. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Bromus is from Greek bromo, for stinking, while inermis means unarmed or without prickles. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Smooth bromegrass, Bromus inermis. (agefotostock.com)
  • Variation in the seed progeny of smooth brome grass, Bromus inermis Leyss. (deepdyve.com)
  • A native Alaskan subspecies, Bromus inermis Leyss. (sputtr.com)
  • Smooth brome ( Bromus inermis Leyss. (sputtr.com)
  • Within the ungrazed site, Japanese brome ( Bromus japonicus ) was the dominant grass species in nine out of ten quadrats. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Whisenant and Uresk (1990) showed that burning in mixed-grass prairie communities could reduce Bromus japonicus , but that fire also negatively affected some native plant species, while positively influencing other native plant species. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bromus commutatus , a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California. (calflora.org)
  • Once Bromus dominates, breaking annual grass/fire cycles requires restoring fire-tolerant perennial grasses and forbs, which can compete with Bromus and resist its dominance. (usda.gov)
  • Research is needed on how and where livestock grazing might help increase perennial grass and forb cover and density to create ecosystems that are more resistant to Bromus. (usda.gov)
  • and a perennial grass (Bromus kopetdaghensis Drobov. (sid.ir)
  • Bromus catharticus (Rescuegrass) is a species of perennial grass in the family True grasses . (eol.org)
  • We have studied a forest grass Bromus benekenii in 39 populations in Central, Western and Southern Europe with the use of PCR-ISSR fingerprinting. (edu.pl)
  • Pumpell's brome grass (Bromus pumpellianus ) was discovered. (sputtr.com)
  • The genus Bromus contains many complex, polyploid series. (pfaf.org)
  • Herbicide resistance to Group A (AC Case-inhibiting herbicides) and B herbicides (ALSinhibiting herbicides) in Bromus diandrus and B. rigidus is becoming more common in southeastern Australia but there is limited information available on its regional distribution in either species. (weedscience.com)
  • Viola nuttallii Pursh N 0.62 0 0 Annual graminoids Bromus japonicus Thunb. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Approximately 70% of the flora of the flatter areas is grasses, mostly Japanese brome ( Bromus japonicus ), blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis), and sideoats grama (B. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • D au cus carota * Bromus japonicus * Setaria pumila * Dianthus armeria * Calystegia sepium Sida spinosa * Dicanthelium sp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome) was also prevalent at SCP, but it was not recorded in the plots at NMP. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus japonicus Thunberg 1784. (usf.edu)
  • Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz, Flora 32: 234. (usf.edu)
  • Bromus billottii F. W. Schultz, Flora 32: 233. (usf.edu)
  • 1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae (98 as Bromus gussonii ), [1981] M.Lazarides in J.Jessop (ed). (myspecies.info)
  • Concord, Bromus willdenowii [ B. catharticus ] cv. (weedscience.org)
  • NameThatPlant.net: Bromus catharticus var. (namethatplant.net)
  • The larvae feed on Poa annua, Poa caespitosa, Agrostis tenuis, Bromus catharticus and Festuca arundinacea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Bromus setifolius . (usda.gov)
  • University of Michigan Herbarium Catalog Collection: Bromus carinatus var. (umich.edu)
  • Ecosystems with cooler and moister soils tend to have greater potential to recover from disturbances (resilience) and to be more resistant to Bromus invasion and dominance. (usda.gov)
  • Warmer and drier ecosystems are less resistant to Bromus and are threatened by altered fire regimes which can lead to Bromus dominance, impacts to wildlife, and alternative stable states. (usda.gov)
  • Bromus arvensis Linnaeus, var. (usf.edu)
  • This record was originally "Bromus rigidus Roth" (TSN 40517), and was later mistakenly turned into "Bromus rigidus auct. (itis.gov)
  • non' indicating a misapplication of the name), and a new correctly applied name was added with a new TSN, Bromus rigidus Roth (TSN 565030). (itis.gov)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus patulus Mertens & W. D. J. Koch 1823. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus phrygius Boissier 1859. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus pendulus Schur 1866. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus vestitus Schrader 1821. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz 1859, nom. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus billottii F. W. Schultz 1849. (usf.edu)
  • Hans-Martin Braun marked the English common name "soft cheat" from " Bromus hordeaceus L. " as trusted. (eol.org)
  • Bromus sterilis L. (vplants.org)
  • Bromus sterilis is native to Europe, growing from Sweden southward. (vplants.org)
  • Bromus comes from Greek bromo for stinking, while sterilis means sterile. (vplants.org)
  • and (3) to determine whether there is any competition between Artemisia and Bromus for either form of N when mycorrhizal plants are grown together in the field. (epa.gov)
  • To study the nature of NO 3 - and NH 4 + uptake by Artemisia and Bromus separately, mycorrhizal plants were grown in another set of greenhouse experiments. (epa.gov)
  • Bromus recently invaded two ungrazed and unburned perennial bunchgrass communities in southeastern Utah. (usgs.gov)
  • Bromus pacificus Shear not in California. (berkeley.edu)
  • Native Americans used fire for manipulating plant communities and may have contributed to the early dominance of Bromus in portions of California. (usda.gov)
  • Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz, var. (usf.edu)
  • Bromus pubescens Muhl. (missouriplants.com)
  • In addition to the species treated below, Bromus pubescens Muhlenberg ex Willdenow (Enum. (efloras.org)
  • Bromus pendulus Schur, Enum. (usf.edu)
  • Report in FNANM of Bromus pacificus Shear (in HSC) based on misidentification. (berkeley.edu)
  • It may reflect hybridization with no. 7 [Bromus latiglumis (Shear) Hitchc. (ngpherbaria.org)