Bromus: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The name is similar to Broom or Scotch Broom (CYTISUS) or Butcher's Broom (RUSCUS) or Desert Broom (BACCHARIS) or Spanish Broom (SPARTIUM).Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Maps as Topic: Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)MissouriInflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Genu Valgum: An inward slant of the thigh in which the knees are close together and the ankles far apart. Genu valgum can develop due to skeletal and joint dysplasias (e.g., OSTEOARTHRITIS; HURLER SYNDROME); and malnutrition (e.g., RICKETS; FLUORIDE POISONING).Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)PakistanTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Lolium: Common member of the Gramineae family used as cattle FODDER. It harbors several fungi and other parasites toxic to livestock and people and produces allergenic compounds, especially in its pollen. The most commonly seen varieties are L. perenne, L. multiflorum, and L. rigidum.Secale cereale: A hardy grain crop, rye, grown in northern climates. It is the most frequent host to ergot (CLAVICEPS), the toxic fungus. Its hybrid with TRITICUM is TRITICALE, another grain.IdahoTriticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Lawsonia Plant: A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that is the source of henna and has cytotoxic activity.Phytochemicals: A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.Tetraodontiformes: A small order of primarily marine fish containing 340 species. Most have a rotund or box-like shape. TETRODOTOXIN is found in their liver and ovaries.Salvia officinalis: A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Mycorrhizae: Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.Glomeromycota: A phylum of fungi that are mutualistic symbionts and form ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAE with PLANT ROOTS.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Tasmania: An island south of Australia and the smallest state of the Commonwealth. Its capital is Hobart. It was discovered and named Van Diemen's Island in 1642 by Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator, in honor of the Dutch governor-general of the Dutch East Indian colonies. It was renamed for the discoverer in 1853. In 1803 it was taken over by Great Britain and was used as a penal colony. It was granted government in 1856 and federated as a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1190 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p535)South Australia: A state in south central Australia. Its capital is Adelaide. It was probably first visited by F. Thyssen in 1627. Later discoveries in 1802 and 1830 opened up the southern part. It became a British province in 1836 with this self-descriptive name and became a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1135)New South Wales: A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)Western Australia: A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Greek World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the influence of Greek civilization, culture, and science. The Greek Empire extended from the Greek mainland and the Aegean islands from the 16th century B.C., to the Indus Valley in the 4th century under Alexander the Great, and to southern Italy and Sicily. Greek medicine began with Homeric and Aesculapian medicine and continued unbroken to Hippocrates (480-355 B.C.). The classic period of Greek medicine was 460-136 B.C. and the Graeco-Roman period, 156 B.C.-576 A.D. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed)Anatomy, Artistic: The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.VirginiaWest VirginiaAtlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Lythrum: A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that contains ALKALOIDS.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Mucor: A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order Mucorales. It is primarily saprophytic, but may cause MUCORMYCOSIS in man from spores germinating in the lungs.Asparagus Plant: A plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes placed in Asparagaceae) that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.

Matua bromegrass hay for mares in gestation and lactation. (1/33)

Matua bromegrass hay (Bromus willdenowii Kunth) is a high quality forage, but its value for mares during gestation and lactation is not well known. Intake, rate of passage, performance, and reproduction by gestating and lactating Quarter Horse mares fed the hay was investigated. In this experiment, 12, 2- to 12-yr-old gravid mares (mean BW = 553 kg, SD = 36) were fed Matua hay (CP = 11.5%) or alfalfa hay (Medicago sativa L.) (CP = 15.4%) for variable days prepartum (mean 59.9 d; SD = 23.5) and for 70 d postpartum. Matua and alfalfa hay were fed as the roughage portion of the diet with a grain supplement. Mares, blocked by age, expected date of foaling, and BW, were assigned randomly within blocks to treatments (six mares per treatment). Forage type did not affect intake, gestation length, birth weight, number of foals, foal weight gain, day of first postpartum ovulation, cycles per conception, or pregnancy rate at 70 d. On d 1, milk from mares fed alfalfa hay contained less (P < 0.03) CP than milk from mares fed Matua hay. Milk CP decreased (P < 0.01) in all mares over time. In a separate experiment, voluntary intake and rate of passage of Matua (CP = 15.5%), alfalfa (CP = 24.9%), and Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) (CP = 4.1%) hays were determined in nine 2-yr-old pregnant mares (mean BW = 447 kg; SD = 21). Diets were 100% forage. Timothy hay did not meet CP requirements for mares. Voluntary intake of alfalfa hay was higher (P < 0.01) than Matua hay. Intake of Timothy hay was lower (P < 0.01) than the mean of alfalfa and Matua hay. Rate of passage offorage was measured by passage of Cr-mordanted fiber. Passage rate and retention time did not differ between Matua and alfalfa hay; however, the retention times of Matua and alfalfa hays were shorter (P < 0.01) than for Timothy hay. Our results indicate that Matua hay is a forage that can be used safely for mares during gestation and early lactation and for their young foals.  (+info)

Effects of oscillating dietary protein on nutrient digestibility, nitrogen metabolism, and gastrointestinal organ mass in sheep. (2/33)

Twenty-four wether lambs (BW = 37.5 +/- 0.8 kg) were used in a 64-d randomized complete block design experiment to evaluate the effect of oscillating dietary CP with undegradable intake protein (UIP) on diet digestibility, N retention, and gastrointestinal (GI) organ mass. Four treatments consisted of a 13, 15, or 17% CP diet fed daily or a regimen in which dietary CP was oscillated between 13 and 17% on a 48-h basis (ACP). All diets consisted of 65% bromegrass hay (10.5% CP, 61.9% NDF, 37.2% ADF) and 35% corn-based supplement, and were formulated to contain the same amount of degradable intake protein (9.6% of dry matter), plus additional UIP (from SoyPLUS) to accomplish CP levels above 13%. Beginning on d 52, N balance collections were conducted for 8 d, after which lambs were killed on d 62 and 64 of the trial for measurement of GI organ mass. Because intake was restricted to 3.0% of initial body weight (dry matter basis), dry matter intake did not differ (P > or = 0.67) and no treatment effects (P > or = 0.36) on ADG, feed efficiency, or total tract DM digestibility were observed. Increasing dietary CP from 13 to 17% linearly increased (P = 0.0001) N digestibility, but lambs fed ACP had lower (P = 0.07) total tract N digestibility than those fed 15% CP daily. Although urinary N excretion increased linearly (P = 0.0001) with increasing CP, a linear increase (P = 0.07) was observed in N retention (g/d) with increasing dietary CP. Although the quantity of N retained by lambs fed ACP was not statistically different (g/d, P = 0.19; % of digested N, P = 0.23) from those fed 15% CP daily, N retention in lambs fed ACP was 42% lower than in those fed 15% CP daily (1.8 vs 3.1 g/d, respectively). Increasing CP linearly decreased (P < or = 0.09) weights of the reticulorumen, abomasum, and small intestine, but did not affect (P > or = 0.16) liver or omasum weights. Length of the small intestine was not affected (P > or = 0.45) by treatment, but lambs fed ACP had greater (P = 0.03) small intestine weights than those fed 15% CP daily. Increasing dietary CP linearly decreased (P = 0.03) total GI organ mass, and lambs fed ACP had a greater (P = 0.03) total GI organ mass than those fed 15% CP daily. Oscillating dietary CP may increase the weights of the GI organs, which may subsequently have negative effects on N and energy metabolism in the animal. Likewise, the potential for decreased GI organ mass in response to increased supply of CP with UIP deserves further investigation.  (+info)

Interspecific control of non-symbiotic carbon partitioning in the rhizosphere of a grass-clover association: Bromus madritensis-Trifolium angustifolium. (3/33)

Grass-legume interaction in the rhizosphere was investigated in a greenhouse experiment with two annual species, bromegrass Bromus madritensis (L.) and clover Trifolium angustifolium (L.) grown in mono and mixed cultures. Partitioning of below-ground carbon between roots, respiration, and soil was measured after separate 2 h-labelling of each species with 14CO2 followed by a 9 d chase period. At the time of labelling, clover nodules were not yet fixing N2. Bromegrass grew much faster than clover. Shoot biomass of bromegrass was greater in the presence of clover than in monoculture. By contrast, both shoot and root biomass of clover was less in the presence of bromegrass than in monoculture. Carbon assimilation during the period of labelling was proportional to shoot biomass and partitioning above and below-ground did not differ among treatments. Absolute amounts of labelled C allocated to rhizosphere respiration was more in bromegrass than in clover (respectively 1.38 mg C against 0.75 mg C in monoculture and 1.79 mg C and 0.63 mg C in mixed culture). However, when expressed as a percentage of below-ground C allocation, rhizosphere respiration was lower in bromegrass than in clover, respectively, 38% and 45% in monoculture. In mixed culture, this percentage increased by 7.3% for clover, and 3.5% for bromegrass, thus indicating that the interspecific effect of grass was higher than that of clover. The percentage of below-ground C in a soil solution of clover in mixed culture was more than 2-fold that measured in monoculture. It was also significantly correlated with the percentage of below-ground C in respiration. These results provided evidence that the grass-legume mixture has the potential to influence the rhizosphere processes of each species in more than an additive way and that the effect of the interaction was stronger on clover than on bromegrass. The possible implications of this in grass-legume competition are discussed.  (+info)

Effect of forage quality on digestion and performance responses of cattle to supplementation with cooked molasses blocks. (4/33)

We evaluated the effect of forage quality on response of cattle to supplementation with cooked molasses blocks. In Exp. 1, 175 heifers had ad libitum access to prairie hay (5.2% CP, DM basis). Treatments were a 2 x 3 factorial: supplementation with 0 or 1.96 kg/d of alfalfa DM, and supplementation with no cooked molasses block or with a low-protein or a high-protein cooked molasses block (14.4 and 27.5% CP, respectively, DM basis). There were no significant interactions between alfalfa and cooked molasses block for intake or gain. Forage intake and ADG were increased (P < 0.05) by alfalfa supplementation. Heifers fed high-protein cooked molasses blocks gained more (P < 0.05) weight than those fed low-protein cooked molasses blocks or no cooked molasses block. Heifers fed high-protein cooked molasses blocks ate more (P < 0.05) forage than those fed low-protein cooked molasses blocks, with heifers fed no cooked molasses block being intermediate. In Exp. 2, responses to cooked molasses blocks containing 33% CP (DM basis) were measured in 18 steers fed: 1) brome (8.4% CP), 2) alfalfa (19.2% CP), or 3) brome supplemented with 1.93 kg/d of alfalfa DM. Forages were available ad libitum. Forage DM intake was not affected by cooked molasses block and was greater (P < 0.05) for alfalfa than the alfalfa/brome mix, which in turn was greater (P < 0.05) than brome. Digestibility of DM was greater (P < 0.05) for alfalfa than brome or the alfalfa/brome mix and was not affected by cooked molasses block supplementation. Supplementation with cooked molasses blocks had only small effects on intake and digestion of medium- to high-quality forages, but it improved gains and feed efficiencies of heifers fed prairie hay ad libitum, with or without supplemental alfalfa.  (+info)

Nitrogen balance in lambs fed low-quality brome hay and infused with differing proportions of casein in the rumen and abomasum. (5/33)

Twenty wether lambs (46 +/- 2 kg) fitted with ruminal and abomasal infusion catheters were used in a completely randomized design to determine the effects of differing proportions of ruminal and abomasal casein infusion on N balance in lambs fed low-quality brome hay (0.8% N, DM basis) for ad libitum intake. Wethers were infused with 0 (control) or 10.7 g/d of N from casein with ratios of ruminal:abomasal infusion of 100:0 (100R:0A), 67:33 (67R:33A), 33:67 (33R:67A), or 0:100% (0R:100A), respectively, over a 12-d period. Total N supply (hay N intake + N from casein infusion) was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein infusion than in controls. Urinary N excretion (g/d) was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein infusion than in controls. Urinary N excretion decreased as casein infusion was shifted from 100R:0A to 33R:67A and then slightly increased in lambs receiving 0R:100A (quadratic, P = 0.02). Total N excretion was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein infusion than in controls and decreased linearly (P = 0.005) as casein infusion was shifted to the abomasum. Retained N (g/d, % of N intake, and % of digested N) was greater (P = 0.001) in lambs receiving casein than in controls. Retained N increased as infusion was shifted from 100R:0A to 33R:67A and then slightly decreased in lambs receiving 0R: 100A (quadratic, P < 0.07). Based on regression analysis, the predicted optimum proportion of casein infusion to maximize N retention was 68% into the abomasum. The regression suggests that supplementation with undegradable intake protein had an additional benefit over supplementation with ruminally degradable intake protein (100R:0A) and that changing the percentage of ruminally undegradable intake protein in supplemental protein from 33 to 100% resulted in minimal differences in N retention. Apparent N, DM, OM, and energy digestibility (% of intake) was greater (P < 0.03) in lambs infused with casein than controls but did not differ among casein infusion groups. These data suggest that feeding protein supplements containing a portion (greater than 0%) of the crude protein as ruminally undegradable intake protein, as compared to 100% ruminally degradable intake protein, to lambs consuming low-quality forage increases N retention and the efficiency of N utilization without influencing total-tract nutrient digestion.  (+info)

Site and extent of digestion and amino acid flow to the small intestine in beef cattle consuming limited amounts of forage. (6/33)

Eight Angus x Gelbvieh heifers (445 +/- 74.5 kg) fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square double double-crossover designed experiment to assess the effect of restricted forage intake on site and extent of digestion and flow of essential AA amino acids to the small intestine. Heifers were fed chopped (2.54 cm) bromegrass hay (9.2% CP, 64% NDF on an OM basis) at one of four percentages of maintenance (30, 60, 90, and 120%). Experimental periods were 21 d in length, with 17 d of adaptation followed by 4 d of intensive sample collection, after which maintenance requirements and subsequent level of intake were adjusted for BW change. True ruminal OM, NDF, and N digestion (g/d) decreased linearly (P < 0.001) with decreasing forage intake. When expressed as a percentage of OM intake, true ruminal OM and N digestibility were not affected (P = 0.23 to 0.87), whereas ruminal NDF digestibility tended to increase (P = 0.09) as forage intake decreased. Total and microbial essential amino acid flow to the duodenum decreased linearly (P = 0.001) from 496.1 to 132.1 g/d and 329.1 to 96.0 g/d, as intake decreased from 120 to 30% of maintenance intake, respectively. Although the profile of individual essential amino acids in duodenal digesta (P = 0.001 to 0.07) and isolated ruminal microbes differed (P = 0.001 to 0.09) across treatment, the greatest difference noted for total and microbial essential amino acid profile was only 0.3 percentage units. Because total and microbial flow of essential amino acids to the small intestine decreased as OM intake decreased, but true ruminal degradability of individual essential amino acids (P = 0.17 to 0.99) and digesta essential amino acid profile were comparable across treatments, total essential amino acid supply to the small intestine was predicted using OM intake as the independent variable. The resulting simple linear regression equation was: total essential amino acid flow = (0.055 x OM intake) + 1.546 (r2 = 0.91). The model developed in this experiment accounted for more of the variation in the data set than the current beef cattle NRC model, which under-predicted total flow of essential amino acids to the duodenum. The prediction equation developed herein can be used to estimate the supply of essential amino acids reaching the small intestine when formulating supplements to compensate for potential amino acid deficiencies resulting from restricted forage intake.  (+info)

Ecological genetics of vernalization response in Bromus tectorum L. (Poaceae). (7/33)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass or downy brome) is an exotic annual grass that is dominant over large areas of former shrubland in western North America. To flower in time for seed production in early summer, B. tectorum plants generally require vernalization at winter temperatures, either as imbibed seeds or as established seedlings. METHODS: Variation in response to increasing periods of vernalization as seeds or seedlings for progeny of ten full-sib families from each of four B. tectorum populations from contrasting habitats was studied. KEY RESULTS: As vernalization was increased from 0 to 10 weeks, the proportion of plants flowering within 20 weeks increased, weeks to initiation of flowering decreased, and seed yield per plant increased, regardless of whether plants were vernalized as seeds or seedlings. Most of the variation was accounted for by differences among populations. Plants of the warm desert population flowered promptly even without vernalization, while those of the cold desert, foothill and montane populations showed incremental changes in response variables as a function of vernalization period. Populations differed in among-family variance, with the warm desert population generally showing the least variance and the cold desert population the most. Variation among populations and among families within populations decreased as vernalization period increased, whereas the non-genetic component of variance showed no such pattern. CONCLUSIONS: Variation in vernalization response was found to be adaptively significant and apparently represents the result of contrasting selection regimes on a range of founder genotypes.  (+info)

Efficacy of using a combination of rendered protein products as an undegradable intake protein supplement for lactating, winter-calving, beef cows fed bromegrass hay. (8/33)

Seventy-two (36 in each of two consecutive years) lactating, British-crossbred cows (609 +/- 19 kg) were used to evaluate effects of feeding a feather meal-blood meal combination on performance by beef cows fed grass hay. Bromegrass hay (9.6% CP, DM basis) was offered ad libitum and intake was measured daily in individual Calan electronic headgates. Acclimation to Calan gates began approximately 20 d after parturition, and treatments were initiated 21 d later. Cows were assigned randomly to one of four treatments (DM basis) for 60 d: 1) nonsupplemented control (CON), 2) energy control (ENG; 790 g/d; 100% beet pulp), 3) degradable intake protein (DIP; 870 g/d; 22% beet pulp and 78% sunflower meal), or 4) undegradable intake protein (UIP; 800 g/d; 62.5% sunflower meal, 30% hydrolyzed feather meal, and 7.5% blood meal). Net energy concentrations of supplements were formulated to provide similar NE(m) intakes (1.36 Mcal/d). The DIP and UIP supplements were calculated to supply similar amounts of DIP (168 g/d) and to supply 64 and 224 g/d of UIP, respectively. Forage DMI (kg/d) decreased in supplemented vs. nonsupplemented (P = 0.03) and DIP vs. UIP (P = 0.001); however, when expressed as a percentage of BW, forage DMI was not different (P = 0.23). Supplemented cows tended (P = 0.17) to lose less BW than CON. Body condition change was not affected (P = 0.60) by postpartum supplementation. No differences were noted in milk production (P = 0.29) or in calf gain during the supplementation period (P = 0.74). Circulating insulin concentrations were not affected by treatment (P = 0.42). In addition, supplementation did not affect circulating concentrations of NEFA (P = 0.18) or plasma urea nitrogen (P = 0.38). Results of the current study indicate that supplementation had little effect on BW, BCS, milk production, or calf BW when a moderate-quality forage (9.6% CP) was fed to postpartum, winter-calving cows in optimal body condition (BCS > 5). Supplemental UIP did not enhance cow performance during lactation. Forage UIP and microbial protein supply were adequate to meet the metabolizable protein requirements of lactating beef cows under the conditions of this study.  (+info)

Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) is a highly invasive winter annual grass that has caused significant changes to the steppe ecosystem of western North America. Cheatgrass is considered a facultative host of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), and has been shown to reduce AMF density in invaded soils and reduce AMF diversity in roots of neighboring grasses. However, specific information about interactions between cheatgrass and AMF remains unknown, as well as how these interactions differ from native vegetation. The research presented here addresses these knowledge gaps. To determine when cheatgrass is colonized by AMF and the magnitude of colonization, two dense cheatgrass patches were identified in invaded shortgrass prairie in Colorado. Individuals were excavated every three weeks, from six weeks after germination through senescence. Roots were collected from individuals, cleared, stained, and observed for AMF colonization. Roots were colonized by AMF at every sampling date, but percent ...
Winter wheat ranks high in importance as an agricultural crop in the Pacific Northwest states of Washington, Idaho, and Oregon. Winter annual grass weeds such as jointed goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica), downy brome (Bromus tectorum), feral rye (Secale cereale), wild oat (Avena fatua) and Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) have the same life-cycle as winter wheat and are difficult to control in conventional wheat production systems. These weeds annually account for millions of dollars of lost wheat production and reduced quality (i.e. discount by impurities). There has been only moderate success in controlling winter annual grasses in wheat by utilizing multiple-year crop rotations with spring crops and fallow periods, and with chemical control. Selective herbicides have been available for chemical control of downy brome, Italian ryegrass, and wild oat. However, before use of imazamox herbicide with imidazolinone-resistant (CLEARFIELD*) wheat, there was no herbicide that could selectively ...
Download and buy this stock image: Smooth bromegrass, Bromus inermis. Family Poaceae. Torrelles de Llobregat - B94-1312977 from age fotostocks photo library of over 50+ million high resolution stock photos, stock pictures, videos and stock vectors
Fields, roadsides, clearings, gardens, and other open, disturbed habitats. Common in the mountains; frequent in the Piedmont; infrequent in the Coastal Plain ...
Bromus madritensis ssp. madritensis, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild. ...
Bromus* Sp. Pl. 76 (1753).. Derivation:. From Greek bromos (oats), the ancient Greek name for the related genus Avena.. Taxonomic revisions, nomenclatural references:. P.Smith, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 30: 361-375 (1970).. Key references (keys and floras):. G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7: 660-662 (1878), incl. Ceratochloa; C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia 1 Gramineae 98-99 (1952), 94-98 as Serrafalcus and 102-104 as Ceratochloa; E.E.Henty, Manual Grasses New Guinea 43 (1969); M.Lazarides, Flora of Central Australia 432 (1981); J.C.Tothill and J.B.Hacker, Grasses of Southern Queensland 140-142 (1983); J.P.Jessop, Flora of South Australia 4: 1878-1882 (1986); B.K.Simon, Key to Australian Grasses 80-82 (1993); S.W.L.Jacobs and S.M.Hastings, Flora of New South Wales 4: 628-633 (1993); N.G.Walsh, Flora of Victoria 2: 501-508 (1994); D.I.Morris, Students Flora of Tasmania 4B: 286-292 (1994); E.Edgar and H.E.Connor, Flora of New Zealand 5: 355-372 (2000); D.Sharp and B.K.Simon, ...
Spikelet. Flowering - May - July. Habitat - Mesic to dry upland forests, ravines, streambanks, bluff ledges, bottoms, old fields, roadsides. Origin - Native to U.S. Other info. - This is one of the few native species of Bromus in Missouri and it is one of the most easily recognized and common species also. The plant can be found nearly throughout the state but it is less common in the north-central portions of Missouri. B. pubescens grows to over 1m tall and can be recognized by its drooping inflorescences, closed leaf sheaths, and pubescent stems and leaves ...
Bromus oxyodon var. lanuginosus Rozhev.. Annual; culms erect or geniculately ascending, up to 60 cm high. Leaf-blades up to 20 cm long, 2-5 mm wide, sheaths pubescent. Panicle 5-20 cm long, often suffused with purple, usually loose and spreading, up to 15 cm wide; branches ± whorled, l-4-spiculate, sometimes a little shorter than the spikelets but generally much longer, filiform and flexuous. Spikelets narrowly elliptic, 6-14-flowered, (15-)30-50 mm long excluding the awns, the lemmas overlapping and concealing the internodes; glumes glabrous or minutely hispidulous, the lower narrowly lanceolate, (8-)9-11 mm long, 3(-sub-5)-nerved, the upper narrowly ovate to lanceolate, 9-13 mm long, 5-7-nerved; lemmas narrowly elliptic in side view, the lower 12-18 mm long, herbaceous with broad hyaline margins not widened above the middle into an obtuse angle, 7-nerved, glabrous or minutely hispidulous, 2-toothed at the tip with acuminate teeth 1.5-2.5 mm long; awn subapical, flattened especially at the ...
Brome mosaic virus (BMV) is a small (28 nm, 86S), positive-stranded, icosahedral RNA plant virus belonging to the genus Bromovirus, family Bromoviridae, in the alphavirus-like superfamily. BMV commonly infects Bromus inermis (see Bromus) and other grasses, can be found almost anywhere wheat is grown, and thrives in areas with heavy foot or machinery traffic. It is also one of the few grass viruses that infects dicotyledonous plants; however, it primarily infects monocotyledonous plants, such as barley and others in the family Gramineae. BMV was first isolated in 1942 from bromegrass (Bromus inermis), had its genomic organization determined by the 1970s, and was completely sequenced with commercially available clones by the 1980s. The alphavirus-like superfamily includes more than 250 plant and animal viruses including Tobacco mosaic virus, Semliki forest virus, Hepatitis E virus, Sindbis virus, and arboviruses (which cause certain types of encephalitis). Many of the positive-strand RNA viruses ...
The exotic annual grass Bromus tectorum has replaced thousands of hectares of native perennial vegetation in semi-arid ecosystems of the western United States. Inorganic N availability and production
We are evaluating the biological and ecological traits of the invasive grass Bromus tectorum in NW Patagonia so as to predict its capacity to expand its range under current environmental conditions. In particular, we are studying the effects of routes as the starting point of the invasion and the effects of new interactions in the invaded range (facilitation, granivory) which may limit or promote invasion.. ...
Desensitization with Allergen Specific Dilutions Desensitization is accomplished by sublingual administration of homeopathic antigens. Not only is desensitization achieved but, in addition, there is the homeopathic principle of Like Cures Like-resulting in better control of symptoms. Drainage of the Antigenic Residue Hydrastis, Baptisia, Phytolacca, Nasturtium, Trigonella and Commiphora are drainage remedies (3x) added to enhance the homeopathiceffect. Ingredients: ZONE 5 - Updated GRASSES BERMUDA GRASS (Cynodon dactylon) BLUEGRASS, ANNUAL (Poa annua) BLUEGRASS, CANADIAN (Poa compressa) BLUEGRASS, KENTUCKY (Poa pratensis) BROME, HUNGARIAN (Bromus inermis) CANARY GRASS, REED (Phalaris arundinacea) CHEAT GRASS (Bromus secalinus) CORN (Zea mays) FESCUE, MEADOW (Festuca elatior) JOHNSON GRASS (Sorghum halepense) JUNE GRASS (Poa pratensis) OAT GRASS, TALL (Arrhenatherum elatius
Restoration of sagebrush-steppe plant communities dominated by the invasive ruderals Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass) and Taeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead) can be facilitated by adding carbon (C) to the soil, stimulating microbes to immobilize nitrogen (N) and limit inorganic N availability. Our objectives were to determine responses in (1) cheatgrass and medusahead biomass and seed production; (2) soil microbial biomass C and N; and (3) inorganic soil N to a range of C doses and to calculate the lowest dose that yielded a significant response. In November 2005, we applid 12 C doses ranging from 0 to 2,400 kg C/ha as sucrose to plots sown with cheatgrass and medusahead at two sites in the northern Great Basin. Other ruderal plants established in our plots, and this entire ruderal community was negatively affected by C addition. End-of-year biomass of the ruderal community decreased approximately by approximately 6% at each site for an increase in...
For vascular plants occurring in wildlands or otherwise outside of cultivation in California, the Jepson eFlora contains taxonomic treatments, distribution maps, illustrations, photographs, and identification keys.
Spikelet subcylindric to slightly compressed, generally glabrous; glumes with rounded back, lower 4.5 7 mm, 3 5-veined, upper 5 8 mm, 5 7-veined; florets 3 9; lemma 7 10 mm, generally glabrous, back rounded, faintly 7 9-veined, teeth fused or free, , 1 mm, awn 5 11 mm, straight to slightly ...
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Mazzola, M.B., J.C. Chambers, R.R. Blank, D.A. Pyke, E.W. Schupp, K.G. Allcock‡, P.S. Doescher, and R.S. Nowak. 2011. Effects of resource availability and propagule supply on native species recruitment in sagebrush ecosystems invaded by Bromus tectorum. Biological Invasions 13: 513- 526.. ...
To investigate whether arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) - abundant in a phosphate-polluted but nitrogen-poor field site - improve plant N nutrition, we carried out a two-factorial experiment, including N fertilization and fungicide treatment. Percentage of root length colonized (% RLC) by AMF and tissue element concentrations were determined for four resident plant species. Furthermore, soil nutrient levels and N effects on aboveground biomass of individual species were measured. Nitrogen fertilization lowered % RLC by AMF of Artemisia vulgaris L., Picris hieracioides L. and Poa compressa L., but not of Bromus japonicus Thunb. This - together with positive N addition effects on N status, N:P-ratio and aboveground biomass of most species - suggested that plants are mycorrhizal because of N deficiency. Fungicide treatment, which reduced % RLC in all species, resulted in lower N concentrations in A. vulgaris and P. hieracioides, a higher N concentration in P. compressa, and did not consistently ...
The North China Plain (NCP) is one of the most important winter wheat production areas in the world. A double cropping system of winter wheat followed by summer maize in one year is the most common cropping practice in the NCP. However new crops and agricultural practices including chemical weed control measures were recently introduced in this area. Alopecurus spp., Aegilops squarrosa L. and Bromus japonicus Thunb. were found to be the most abundant grass weeds in the NCP winter wheat production system. In 2008 and 2009, A. japonicus seeds were collected from different locations in the NCP to conduct herbicide efficacy studies. Besides conventional glasshouse bioassays a rapid herbicide resistance test has been developed and tested. This new resistance test is based on chlorophyll fluorescence microscreenings for evaluation of the efficacy of herbicides on grass weeds grown in tissue culture plates filled with an agar-herbicide solution. In glasshouse bioassays for chlorotoluron a resistance ...
Lop Grass (Bromus Racemosus, L.) The habitat of this plant is fields and waste places. The habit is erect. The stem is erect and rigid. The leaves are rigid, fringed with hairs, and otherwise, as t...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Subspecies Bromus inermis Leyss. ssp. inermis Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Bromus tomentellus Boiss. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Pyrenophora semeniperda is a generalist fungal pathogen that occurs primarily on monocot seed hosts. It is in the phylum Ascomycota, which includes both self-compatible (homothallic) and self-incompatible (heterothallic) species. Homothallic fungal species contain complementary mating-type (MAT) idiomorphs in a single unikaryotic strain, while heterothallic strains contain a single MAT idiomorph requiring interaction between strains of complementary mating-types for sexual reproduction to occur. Because the majority of P. semeniperda strains contained either MAT1 or MAT2, this species was provisionally categorized as heterothallic. However, many strains contain both MAT idiomorphs and appear to be homothallic. These results warranted a closer look at the MAT idiomorphs and the structure of the P. semeniperda genome in order to assure accurate characterization of the MAT locus. Additionally, an assessment of the geographic distribution of MAT idiomorphs provides us with insight into the genetic diversity
The fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis is a major pathogen of wheat worldwide, causing the leaf spotting disease tan spot. To best inform approaches for plant genetic resistance, an understanding of the biology and pathogenicity mechanisms of this fungal pathogen is essential. Here, intracellular and extracellular proteins of P. tritici-repentis were extracted, and peptides analysed via high-resolution mass spectrometry. Our objective was to generate a useful proteomics resource for P. tritici-repentis. A survey of proteins secreted by the pathogen into culture filtrate is especially useful, as these are likely to come in direct contact with the wheat host and may play important roles in infection/pathogenicity. The peptide data presented herein, has also been used to successfully verify and refine in silico predicted P. tritici-repentis gene annotations, through the validation of alternative splicing and reading frame shifts. The data sets presented consist of peptide spectra of the extracellular and
A naturally occurring soil bacteria could give native bunch grasses at the Hanford Reach National Monument the competitive advantage they need to edge out cheatgrass.
Scientists are looking at a fungus dubbed the black fingers of death to curb the spread of cheatgrass, the most invasive plant species in the country.
DESIGNATED VACCINATING CENTRES : Amendment to No 24, 1956, Supp. 2 = CENTRES DE VACCINATION HABILITÉS : Amendement au N° 24, 1956, Supp. ...
Thank you Harry Vanderzand Intown Internet 117 Ruskview Road Kitchener, ON, N2M 4S1 519-741-1222 -----Original Message----- From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of David Barker Sent: June-25-09 3:26 PM To: [email protected] Subject: RE: [Declude.Virus] Database error after upgrading Declude has never had support for reading the SQL database in Imail. I dont know your setup, but many times based on the registry, Declude would be using the old system either the txt file or the later MS Access DB. We are now adding the addition SQL, which should be available pretty soon. David Barker VP Operations Declude Your Email security is our business 978.499.2933 office 978.988.1311 fax [email protected] -----Original Message----- From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of Kevin Rogers Sent: Thursday, June 25, 2009 3:19 PM To: [email protected] Subject: Re: [Declude.Virus] Database error after upgrading 1. Weve been using MS SQL ...
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Extracts of barley leaves infected with bromegrass mosaic virus (BrMV) incorporated radioactivity into RNA when incubated with [3H]UTP in the presence of actinomycin D (Semal & Kummert, 1970). The radioactive product thus obtained was partly resistant to pancreatic RNase in × 2:SSC (0.15 m-NaCl, 0.015 m-sodium citrate, pH 7.0:SSC) but was entirely hydrolysed by this enzyme in × 0.05:SSC (Semal, 1970). A sequential synthesis of double- and single-stranded RNA was obtained under certain experimental conditions (Semal & Kummert, 1971). The present results identify the radioactive product associated with duplex RNA as a segment of BrMV-RNA. Cell-free extracts of the second leaf of barley seedlings, whose first leaf had been inoculated 3 days earlier with BrMV, were used to prepare the crude virus-induced RNA polymerase fraction. This fraction was incubated for 3½ min. with tritiated UTP (1 to 2 c/mm - The Radiochemical Centre, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England), 10-3 m-EDTA, 20 µg./ml. of
Multi-channel array manifolds are required for wideband AESA applications. In modern solid-state AESA arrays, MMIC-based T/R modules generally utilize digitally-controlled phased shifters to steer the beam on transmit and receive. The given phase value is only accurate at one frequency, and so for wide bandwidths of several hundred MHz (at X-band for example), the beam does not get formed properly .... ...
i am trying to decided between vendetta, ice and xtend by scivation. vendetta is a mix of 13g of 8 essential amino acids and 29g of carbs including
Read or download this issues articles online. Plus, subscribe to get Online and Tablet access to the next 12 new issues to be released as well as Online access to up to the past 4 years of archives. *A printed copy of this issue is not included. ...
Read or download this issues articles online. Plus, subscribe to get Online and Tablet access to the next 12 new issues to be released as well as Online access to up to the past 4 years of archives. *A printed copy of this issue is not included. ...
Hi all Just wondering if anyone else is still waiting on their ftb supplements?? DP lodged his tax about a month ago and we havent heard anything or received anything. We overestimated so wont have a debt. I was about to call about it
About the Product Helps maintain an optimal 2-hydroxy (good) to 16-hydroxy (bad) estrogen ratio. Found in cabbage family vegetables. Provides nutritional su
First off, I will like to thank Msrider and NLA performan for providing me with the opportunity to log not one, but two products. These are Supp-D and
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Tweetso since i have been aging a tad little bit and been in the body building game for over 2 decades now i have never had issues with my lipids boun
TAZ activates and potentiates the SMA promoter and suppresses the Smad3 promoter. (A, B) MRTF potently drives the SMA promoter but fails to inhibit the Smad3 pr
Helps to reduce pain and swelling from hip fracture. The hip joint is located in the pelvic girdle and consists of the acetabulum and proximal part of femur ...
Thank you so much for responding!! My cramping is getting unbearable and comes in waves...seems to be most intense at night. I do feel like it is a lot of Progesterone too. When I called my RE, he said it was normal and didnt seem too concerned. He told me to take one tylenol to help alleviate the pain a little but I have never bothered because Tylenol has never helped me with cramping. It also only seems to last about 15-20 minutes then goes away and returns a few hours later ...
Has anyone used these? I just picked up my prescription of them and read the pamphlet and has all these risk of birth defects ect... now I know they would not give me something if the benefits did not ...
WIPE belongs to the chloroactamide class of herbicides, which inhibits growth and reduces cell division. It offers reliable pre-emergence to early post-emergence control of annual grasses ...
A felső légúti fertőzés a megfázás orvosi elnevezése. A megfázás az orr és a torok egyszerű fertőzését jelenti. Normál légzés esetén a levegő beáramli...
Originally Posted by Riva 4-5 Lbs in a month. Im feeling jealous. Are you taking any supplements and if yes, what are they (did he recommend any supp
Can anyone tell me, please, if hybrids need more care than purebred hamsters? Im about to get a new winter white (from a garden centre, our only supp
If you are like me I would be always wondering what if? My doctor wanted to cancel my this cycle b/c he said this one is so risky but if you feel you are ready and willing to take the chance I say go for it. I dont want to give you false hope but I remember Anna over the Fall/Winter board who got pregnant b/c they had a good folli and decided to convert the IVF to an IUI. I know your question is more about how soon should you wait between cycles? What did your doctor say? If he gives you the ok, I say have them check your levels to see how your estrogen looks..Usually for one folli, it should be around 150. Also ask him if he thinks you need progesterone supp after the procedure. Sending you much baby dust my friend, certainly keep us posted! ...
see Brannon v. OshKosh BGosh, Inc., 897 F. Supp. 1028 (M.D. Tenn. 1995), employee mom stayed home to take care of 3-year-old daughter with fever, sore throat, vomiting; employee was near employers "points limit"; employee told employer daughter was sick, employer never asked about diagnosis or treatment; held, employer was "on notice" that the leave potentially qualified as FMLA, but made no inquiry; FMLA ...
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Brian Margolies, Partner, Traub Lieberman Straus & Shrewsberry LLP In Westport Ins. Corp. v. VN Hotel Group, LLC, 761 F. Supp. 2d 1337 (M.D. Fla. 2010) , the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida held that a general liability... Read More ...
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2007 c 515 § 2; 2001 c 270 § 2; 2000 c 103 § 13; 1998 c 176 § 7; 1983 1st ex.s. c 49 § 26; 1982 1st ex.s. c 6 § 1; 1977 ex.s. c 317 § 2; 1974 ex.s. c 28 § 1. Prior: 1973 1st ex.s. c 160 § 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 124 § 2; 1972 ex.s. c 24 § 1; 1970 ex.s. c 85 § 3; 1967 ex.s. c 145 § 75; 1967 ex.s. c 83 § 2; 1965 ex.s. c 79 § 2; 1963 c 113 § 1; 1961 ex.s. c 7 § 1; 1961 c 15 § 82.36.020; prior: 1957 c 247 § 1; 1955 c 207 § 1; 1951 c 269 § 43; 1949 c 220 § 7; 1939 c 177 § 2; 1933 c 58 § 5; Rem. Supp. 1949 § 8327-5; prior: 1931 c 140 § 2; 1923 c 81 § 1; 1921 c 173 § 2 ...
Internet-Draft nfsv4.1-msns-update November 2018 the principal and security flavor it uses when sending the EXCHANGE_ID operation. The situations described in items 6, 7, 8, or 9 of the second numbered list of Section 14.4 below will apply. Note that if the operation succeeds and returns a client ID that is already confirmed, the server MUST set the EXCHGID4_FLAG_CONFIRMED_R bit in eir_flags. If EXCHGID4_FLAG_UPD_CONFIRMED_REC_A is not set in eia_flags, this means that the client is trying to establish a new client ID; it is attempting to trunk data communication to the server (See Section 2.10.5 of [RFC5661]); or it is attempting to update properties of an unconfirmed client ID. The situations described in items 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 of the second numbered list of Section 14.4 below will apply. Note that if the operation succeeds and returns a client ID that was previously confirmed, the server MUST set the EXCHGID4_FLAG_CONFIRMED_R bit in eir_flags. When the EXCHGID4_FLAG_SUPP_MOVED_REFER flag bit ...
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Nem a v rben l v zs rok, hanem az erek k ls fal nak fert z sei miatti kialakul ell t si zavarok llhatnak a sz vinfarktust is okoz relmeszesed s h tter ben egy n met sz vseb sz kutat sai szerint.
pharmaceutical raw materials, laborvegyszerek, vegyszerek, gyógyszeralapanyagok, fertõtlenítõszerek és vegyipari termékek gyártása és kereskedelme
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Milyen t pus gy gyszer a Nizoral korp sod s ellen 20 mg/g sampon s milyen betegs gek eset n alkalmazhat ?A b r gomb s eredet fert z seinek kezel s
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Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis (Beetle & A. Young) S.L. Welsh-bunchgrass communities were used to analyze the influence of disturbances on invasibility after a recovery period. These communities evolved with periodic fires shifting dominance from shrubs to herbaceous species. However, fire can facilitate Bromus tectorum L. invasion of these plant communities. We evaluated the invasibility of A. tridentata ssp. wyomingensis-bunchgrass communities 4 years after prescribed fall burning at six sites by comparing burned to unburned (control) communities. These communities did not have B. tectorum present prior to introduction. B. tectorum was introduced at 1, 10, 100, 1000, and 10,000 seeds m?2 in burned and unburned communities. B. tectorum individuals established only when introduced at 10,000 seeds m?2. In the areas seeded at 10,000 seeds m?2, B. tectorum density and cover were more than three-fold higher in the control than burned treatments (P=0.04 and 0.08, respectively). Total herbaceous
Few studies report animal grazing effects on weed populations. A study was conducted to assess weed populations in annual and perennial forage grasses grazed at various intensities by cattle over a 4-yr period. The perennial forages were Bromus inermis and Bromus riparius, and the annual forages were winter Triticosecale and a mixture of Hordeum vulgare and winter Triticosecale. With few exceptions, results from the two annual pastures could be adequately described as a group, as could the results from the two perennial pastures. The two most prevalent weed species were Capsella bursa-pastoris and Taraxacum officinale; other species encountered over the course of the study were analyzed as a group. Tillage (seedbed preparation) in the annual system supported a proliferation of annual weeds in the spring. In the perennial pasture system, a lack of tillage and spring MCPA allowed T. officinale to increase as the study progressed, especially at the highest grazing intensity. In the perennial ...
The necrotrophic fungal pathogen Pyrenophora tritici-repentis causes tan spot, a major disease of wheat, throughout the world. The proteinaceous effector ToxA is responsible for foliar necrosis on ToxA-sensitive wheat genotypes. The single copy ToxA gene was deleted from a wild-type race 1 P.tritici-repentis isolate via homologous recombination of a knockout construct. Expression of the ToxA transcript was found to be absent in transformants (toxa), as was ToxA protein production in fungal culture filtrates. Plant bioassays were conducted to test transformant pathogenicity. The toxa strains were unable to induce necrosis on ToxA-sensitive wheat genotypes. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a targeted gene knockout in P.tritici-repentis. The ability to undertake gene deletions will facilitate the characterization of other pathogenicity effectors of this economically significant necrotroph.. ...
Most diversity restoration projects are not to improve diversity per se , but rather to enhance the presence and abundance of species that are characteristic of reference or target community. The use of Bromus inermis suppresses annual noxious grasses and increases the control of other-forb group although these species are also noxious weeds; these may be substituted with another perennial species of the same functional group all through the whole experimental period, as it occurs with other perennialforb Carduus tenuifolius . A field experiment was conducted on abandoned arable land with sown low and high diversity treatments and natural colonization following typical farming practice for the site. Experimental plots were installed on former agricultural land that had been cropped with (a rotation of) monocultures until the end of 1995. The experiment was organized according to a block design with five replicate blocks. An opposite trend was performed among the colonizer species, because the ...
To investigate the potential use of n-alkanes (alkanes), long-chain alcohols (alcohols) and long-chain fatty acids (acids) for estimating the diet composition of sheep, in a feeding trial. A total of 18 sheep were assigned randomly to three different diets (diet A, diet B and diet C) containing up to eight herbage species (Leymus chinensis, Leymus dasystachys, Elymus sibiricum, Chenopodium album, Puccinellia chinampoensis, Medicago sativa, Saussurea sinuata and Bromus inermis). Faecal recoveries of alkanes, alcohols and acids were determined, and diet compositions were estimated using different combinations of alkanes, alcohols and acids. The faecal concentrations of individual alkanes, alcohols and acids were corrected using the mean recovery of the dietary treatment that the respective animal belonged to (diet recovery), or the mean recovery across all dietary treatments (general recovery). In general, diets did not affect the faecal recovery values for alkanes, alcohols and acids, and no difference
Contents Cow/Calf Comparison of Two Development Systems for March-born Replacement Beef Heifers Effects of Supplemental Protein During Gestation and Grazing Sub-irrigated Meadow During the Postpartum Interval on Pregnancy Rates of Spring Calving Cows and Calf Growth The Effects of Temperature and Temperature-Humidity Index on Pregnancy Rate in Beef Cows Effects of Dried Distillers Grains Supplementation Frequency on Heifer Growth Reproductive Response in Heifers Fed Soybeans During Post Weaning Development Grazing The Effects of Dried Distillers Grains on Heifers Consuming Low or High Quality Forage Tree Growth and Cattle Weight Gain in a Ponderosa Pine System Determination of Undegradable Intake Protein Digestibility in Forages Finishing Effects of Corn Moisture and Degradable Intake Protein Concentration on Finishing Cattle Performance Effects of Corn Moisture and Length of Ensiling on Dry Matter Digestibility and Rumen Degradable Protein Influence of Corn Kernel Traits on Digestibility and Ruminal
Sempervivum tectorum is used for curing any type of mouth related wounds. Besides it, this medicine is also used for curing breast cancer, piles and other diseases.
Cheatgrass renovation efforts, Roundup Ready alfalfa and recognition of the Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Stations 125 years in Wyoming are among field day topics Thursday, Aug. 25, at the James C. Hageman Sustainable Agriculture Research and Extension Center (SAREC) near Lingle.. Registration begins at 4 p.m., and research presentations are 4:20-5:30 p.m. Recognition of the Agricultural Experiment Stations 125th anniversary is 5:30-6 p.m., followed by dinner.. Pistol and Pete, the Agricultural Experiment Stations draft horse team, are scheduled to be present, pulling the University of Wyoming College of Agriculture and Natural Resources restored sheep wagon. SAREC is one of UWs four agricultural research and extension centers. The others are near Powell, Sheridan and Laramie.. David Kruger, agricultural liaison librarian with UW Libraries, will provide perspective on the experiment stations history in Wyoming. The station was started one year after the last soldiers left the ...
This was done in interim 4.8.36 which is still on the Interim site if you just want to try switching out the decludeproc.exe and testing to see if the issue is resolved. David Barker VP Operations Declude Your Email security is our business 978.499.2933 office 978.988.1311 fax [email protected] -----Original Message----- From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of Andy Schmidt Sent: Thursday, March 18, 2010 12:22 PM To: [email protected] Subject: RE: [Declude.Virus] How to disable CommTouch Zerohour (for testing) Declude 4.6.35 Diagnostics Compilation Platform: IMail Copyright (c) 2000-2009 Declude, Inc. Host Name MAYWOOD-IS-0012.WEBHOST.HM-SOFTWARE.COM Daisy Chain smtp32.exe DNS Server 127.0.0.1 Product Details JunkMail ON EVA ON Hijack OFF AVG ON CommTouch ON From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of David Barker Sent: Thursday, March 18, 2010 12:07 PM To: [email protected] Subject: RE: [Declude.Virus] How to disable CommTouch ...
Supplementary MaterialsSupplemental data Supp_Amount1. indicators during imaging, enabling sufficient analysis of collagen in these areas thereby. These email address details are very important to research workers and pathologists to acquire more information from paraffin-embedded tissue and archived examples to execute retrospective analysis from the ECM or gain more information from uncommon samples. Launch Multiphoton-induced microscopy is becoming an important device in a variety of applications, such as for example imaging with subcellular quality on pores and skin,1 early tumor analysis,2 evaluation of tissue-engineered items,3 and medication screening,4 as well as for imaging extracellular matrix (ECM) constructions.5 Two-photon excitation is dependant on the simultaneous absorption of two photons with generation of fluorescence in the visible array. This idea of quantum optics was expected by G?pert-Mayer in her doctoral dissertation in 19316 and observed using laser beam excitation in ...
Ehlis v. Shire Richwood, Inc., 233 F. Supp. 2d 1189 (D.N.D. 2002) case opinion from the U.S. District Court for the District of North Dakota
Alliance to End Repression v. City of Chicago, 561 F. Supp. 575 (N.D. Ill. 1983) case opinion from the US District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
Two experiments using calves fed 176 days from November to May (WINTER) and yearlings fed 117 days from May to September (SUMMER) were conducted to compare conventional CP levels to phase-fed diets balanced for degradable intake protein and undegradable intake protein on performance and N volatilization. Phase fed diets were formulated to balance degradable intake protein and metabolizable protein. Phase feeding resulted in greater ADG and better F:G in WINTER and similar performance in SUMMER than traditional feeding methods. Nitrogen excretion was significantly reduced in both WINTER and SUMMER which translated into significantly less N volatilization without impacting N removed in manure.
28. Empiric antifungal therapy should be considered in critically ill patients with risk factors for invasive candidiasis and no other known cause of fever and should be based on clinical assessment of risk factors, surrogate markers for invasive candidiasis, and/or culture data from nonsterile sites (strong recommendation; moderate-quality evidence). Empiric antifungal therapy should be started as soon as possible in patients who have the above risk factors and who have clinical signs of septic shock (strong recommendation; moderate-quality evidence). ...
Citation: Norton, U., Morgan, J.A., Mosier, A.R., Derner, J.D. 2004. Trace gas emissions and soil c and n transformations following moisture pulses in sagebrush: effects of invasive and native companion plant species. p. 358. In: Proceedings of the American Geophphysical Union Fall Meeting Abstracts. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Simulating water pulses is an important tool for understanding biogeochemical processes in semi arid environments. Global change triggered shifts in plant species composition exert significant control over belowground C and N transformations. They also affect the ecosystem resiliency and its ability to withstand exotic weed invasion. We monitored effects of water additions on trace gas emissions and soil C and N in sagebrush soils, both canopy and shrub interspace, on sites dominated by either native bunchgrass, western wheatgrass, or an exotic annual, cheatgrass. Our results indicate that long-term cheatgrass establishment affects not only soil under its ...
I usually get biscodyl supp. from my drugstore and a lot of times have butt snot afterwards. Well i was in Fla. and got some glycerin supp. cause thats all they had at CVS. I used a half and didnt have any after effects with the glycerin. Is there a big difference? If so ill start using the glycerin.Thanks for any help. Im c-6-7 18 years post. I just use half a supp. and sit on the toilet chair til i go.
Alfalfa is a very palatable and productive herbaceous perennial legume with worldwide distribution. It is grown in every state in the US. Hundreds of different varieties have been developed. Growth habit is upright, with crowns having 5-25 stems growing 23-35 inches (60-90 cm) in height. Regrowth occurs from crown buds or axillary stem buds. Alfalfa has a prominent taproot. However, typically 60-70 percent of the root system is concentrated in the upper 6 inches (15 cm) of soil, with fibrous roots predominating and bearing most of the nodules. It is high yielding and high in quality, but requires high fertility and large quantities of water for optimum productivity. It is grown primarily for hay, but can be ensiled, or used as pasture, either alone or in combination with grasses (typically orchardgrass or smooth bromegrass). Dehydrated alfalfa can be pelleted, cubed, or sold as meal.. ...
1. Determine particular ecological niches/reservoirs for pathogenic/antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, identifying nutritional/biological/environmental factors affecting ability to colonize/survive/persist within gut of food-producing animals & their production environment. a) Determine effect of feeding distillers grains & other diets & organic acids on gut microbial ecology; b) Determine effects of feeding diets high in rumen undegradable intake protein & of feeding monensin on colonization/carriage/shedding of Campylobacter in cattle; c) Evaluate mechanistic effects of short chain nitrocompounds & free fatty acids on hydrogen balance/fitness of foodborne pathogens; d) Determine if specific or shared reservoirs exist for Clostridium difficile in populations of swine & humans in integrated agri-business operations; phenotypically/genotypically characterize Cl. difficile isolates; e) Determine effects of lactoferrin & whey-protein concentrate on fecal shedding & gut populations of Salmonella ...
Highly absorbable form of elemental potassium for effective supplementation Delivers the maximum allowed dosage Vital electrolyte mineral that is essential for many bodily functions This form of dietary potassium is bound to aspartic acid, which has been shown in research to act as an efficient mineral transporter. Man
ROETTGER, J. ORDER:. Violent crime cases are the exception in federal courts. The instant case is arguably the most violent case ever tried in a federal court: the indictment charges the sixteen defendants on trial with 14 murders by means such as beheading, stabbing, occasionally by pistol shots, plus severing of body parts such as ears to prove the worthiness of the killer. Plus, they are charged with arson of a slumbering neighborhood by molotov cocktails with the perpetrators under orders to wait outside the innocent victims homes wearing ski masks and brandishing machetes to deter the victims from fleeing the flames.. In the course of the trial, the Government sought to introduce into evidence medical examiners photographs of the victims. Defendants objected to the admission of these photographs into evidence on the grounds that the photographs were not relevant pursuant to Fed. R. Evid. 401 and prejudicial in effect pursuant to Fed. R. Evid. 403. Specifically, the Defendants contend that ...
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Linear regression model-adjusted week 12 mean score by treatment group.. Purpose: To assess the severity of pain Population: Patients with pain from chronic diseases or conditions such as cancer, osteoarthritis and low back pain, or with pain from acute conditions such as postoperative pain Responsiveness: Responds to both behavioral and pharmacological pain interventions Method: Self-report or interview Scoring: Higher scores indicate more pain Range: 0-10 ...
AKArtlover--youre right about exercise. I may not be doing enough on some days. I do walk about 1-2km a day, and take ballet lessons three times a day. Ballet class is a challenge for me though, sometimes maybe too much because of its high demands for both flexibility and endurance, even though its not considered a cardiovascular exercise. I sometimes get really frustrated and bumped out because I cant do certain movements or steps or lack endurance to finish the exercises. Perhaps not a good way to "boost my mood"! But when everything goes well, my mood is majorly lifted. Its a bit like an emotional roller coaster. Perhaps Im too attached to the "outcome" and should be more relaxed about it ...
FINESILVER, J.. I. As the wife of a serviceman, plaintiff was an eligible patient at the Family Dental Clinic and on March 29, 1974, she was seen by Kent L. Aitkin, D.D.S. After his examination, Dr. Aitkin advised her that she needed several fillings and recommended extraction of her upper and lower third molars (wisdom teeth). He advised her that the teeth were impacted and absent removal she would have trouble in the future. She was already experiencing distress and pain from the molars. These molars are the end back teeth and generally are not functional either in concert or alone.. Plaintiff returned to the clinic on April 12, 1974, at which time two right third molars were removed by Dr. Aitkin. Packing was placed in the extracted areas. She was allowed to return home with the packing in place, additional replacement packing, medications, prescriptions for pain and infection, and instructions on care at home.. Later that same evening (or in the early morning hours), plaintiff had a coughing ...
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Other English names: Indian Corn, Maize. Botanical description: Corn is one of the tallest and most vigorous of the annual grasses. The stems, which vary in height in different types and varieties, a...
Eragrostis pectinacea var. miserrima, a monocot, is an annual grass that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. ...
Wash your hands with soap and water after applying sertaconazole cream. Established in 1937,. Chlorogalum purpureum var. Documents Similar To Anatomie- Dezvoltarea Coloanei. Reductum, with the Spanish common name of Amole de Cañón Camatta. And 8- 10 coccygeal somites. Meaning of columna vertebralis medical term. Columna vertebralis explanation free. Amole de Cañón Camatta, surrounded by dried invasive annual grasses and herbs typical of California Mediterranean- climate grassland habitat. Traumatismele craniocerebrale si vertebromedulare 1. It has been introduced into the tropical regions of Asia, Africa and the Pacific, where it is an invasive weed. This site provides information on the extinct and extant elasmobranch teeth. Formarea coloanei vertebrale • • The origins of the vertebral column. Musculatura coloanei vertebrale Muşchi flexori Cervicali Toracali LombariLungul gâtului Drept abdominal PsoasScaleni Oblici abdominali Drept abdominalSternocleidomasto- Transvers abdominalidian ...
True or False. According to the findings of a systemic review examining the efficacy of numerous cannabinoids across a broad range of indications, researchers found that only moderate-quality evidence supported the use of medical cannabinoids. ...
These days, I also always have a jar of molasses in the cupboard. I usually use it when Im baking gingerbread men, making cookies, or when I have oatmeal for breakfast. I do not EVER use my molasses without singing the molasses song to myself. This is a fact! Ha ha. This morning I made myself a little bowl of steel cut oats and poured on a couple teaspoons of molasses... Its just barely sweet, and it goes so nicely with the earthy chew of the oatmeal. For obvious reasons, I really love the flavor of molasses ...
A 4-year experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of increasing amounts of grain supplementation on steer gains and forage production in pastures managed under an intensive-early stocking system. Average daily ...
How to get the most from Dengie Hi-Fi Molasses Free. Hi-Fi Molasses Free is a straight feed and although alfalfa is abundant in natural nutrients a source of broad-spectrum vitamins and minerals should be added alongside to ensure a balanced diet such as Natural Vitality Leisure Vits & Mins or Hi-Fi Balancer. Hi-Fi Molasses Free may be fed dry or dampened with water, or a soaked product such as Dengie Alfa-Beet. To use Hi-Fi Molasses Free as a forage replacement, replace your forage on a weight for weight basis with Hi-Fi Molasses Free.. Feeding ...
Citation: Zentek, J. et al. (2002) Morphology and immunopathology of the small and large intestine in dogs with nonspecific dietary sensitivity. Journal of Nutrition, 132 (6 supp. 2) pp.1652S-1654S ...
Supplementary Materials Supplemental material supp_79_11_3494__index. than had been noticed for the transformation of daidzein to dihydrodaidzein. Higher prices had been also noticed with cell Nepicastat HCl novel inhibtior ingredients of is among the few characterized equol-forming gut bacterias isolated from human beings (8). Besides transformation of daidzein via dihydrodaidzein to equol, not merely but also (10). Research with as well as the mouse intestinal bacterium indicated that appearance from the isoflavone-converting enzymes is normally induced by their substrates (8, 11). For a long period, nothing at all was known about the bacterial enzymes involved with isoflavone transformation. The system of dihydrodaidzein transformation to equol via tetrahydrodaidzein continues to be examined in sp. stress Julong 732 (12, 13), and genes involved with daidzein transformation to equol have already been identified only lately in two bacterial strains in the individual intestine, sp. stress 20-92 ...
This NSF funded project extends the BioCON experiment, focusing largely on a multi-factor sub-experiment that uses 48 of the original 2 x 2 m BioCON plots planted with 9 species in 1997.. The 48 plots of priority interest in this project were chosen randomly (within each of the four CO2 x N levels) from the 16 of each combination that were planted in 1997 with 9 species. Each plot was planted in 1997 with 9 species randomly selected from a pool of 16 herbaceous species representing 4 functional groups. The species pool was comprised of the C3 grasses (Agropyron repens, Bromus inermis, Koeleria cristata, and Poa pratensis); C4 grasses (Andropogon gerardii, Bouteloua gracilis, Schizachyrium scoparium, and Sorghastrum nutans); herbaceous forbs (Achillea millefolium, Anemone cylindrica, Asclepias tuberosa, Solidago rigida); and the N-fixing legumes (Amorpha canescens, Lespedeza capitata, Lupinus perennis, and Petalostemum villosus). These plots now contain 6-7 species on average. The experiment ...
Latin Name Common Name Strata Native? Acer negundo box elder Herbaceous YES Ailanthus altissima tree of heaven Herbaceous NO [invasive] Allium cernuum nodding wild onion Herbaceous YES Ambrosia artemisiifolia common ragweed Herbaceous YES Ambrosia trifida giant ragweed Herbaceous YES Anemone virginiana tall anemone; thimbleweed Herbaceous YES Aquilegia canadensis wild columbine Herbaceous YES Arnoglossum atriplicifolium pale indian plantain Herbaceous YES Artemisia vulgaris mugwort Herbaceous NO [invasive] Asclepias Herbaceous ? Asclepias syriaca common milkweed Herbaceous YES Asclepias tuberosa butterfly weed; butterly milkweed Herbaceous YES Aster Herbaceous ? Aster ericoides heath aster Herbaceous YES Aster laevis smooth blue aster Herbaceous YES Aster novae-angliae New England aster Herbaceous YES Aster pilosus hairy aster; frost-weed aster Herbaceous YES Bouteloua curtipendula side-oats grama Herbaceous YES Bromus japonicus Japanese chess Herbaceous NO Capsella bursa-pastoris shepherds ...
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The Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization to the Sward on Guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq cv. Gatton) Silage Fermentation - Guinea Grass Silage;Nitrogen Fertilizer;Nitrate Nitrogen;
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Seppo Kellomäki, Pasi Puttonen, Heikki Tamminen, Carl Johan Westman. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on photosynthesis and growth in young Scots pines. Preliminary results. Kellomäki S., Puttonen P., Tamminen H., Westman C.J. (1982). Effect of nitrogen fertilization on photosynthesis and growth in young Scots pines. Preliminary results. Silva Fennica vol. 16 no. 4 article id 5169. https://doi.org/10.14214/sf.a15084. Abstract. Application of nitrogen at levels of 200, 400 and 600 kg ha-1 resulted in increases of 35, 18 and 12% in the photosynthetic rate in young Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). The number of buds, degree of branching, and needle size were positively related to the amount of nitrogen applied. A 10-40% increase in the average needle area was found. A positive correlation was found between total photosynthesis and stem growth.. The PDF includes a summary in Finnish.. Keywords ...
LASSEN COUNTY, CALIF., where the high desert meets the Sierra Nevada, offers wide-open vistas of juniper and sagebrush, and habitat for rare wildlife such as sage grouse and Carson wandering skipper butterflies. U.S. Bureau of Land Management botanist Carolyn Gibbs started fighting weeds here as a graduate student in 1994. She spent her summers pulling yellow star thistle, public enemy number one for the coalition of groups and agencies that became the Lassen County Special Weed Action Team. Today, the "Weed Warriors" target all the noxious weeds in the county, including cheatgrass and the lesser-known but even more insidious medusahead, and Gibbs is looking forward to a new tool in her fight against these two explosively flammable grasses: Plateau, an herbicide that she says leaves most native plants unharmed. The BLM is set to approve its use this fall, when it issues its final decision on an herbicide plan. The plan allows spraying for weeds and flammable brush on nearly a million acres of ...
"Bromus Tectorum". U.S. Forest Service. Hernandez-Serrano, Ana; Miguel Vardu; Santiago C. Gonzalez-Martinez; Juli G Pausas (2013 ... An example of an invasive species in the area of the Beaver Creek Fire is cheat grass, Bromus tectorum. Cheat grass sprouts ...
"Bromus tectorum". Species Profile Wright's Marsh Thistle (Cirsium wrightii). U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Retrieved 4 May 2014 ...
and Bromus spp.. Legumes are thus very common in these mixtures and cover more than 50% of first-year SBP. As pasture ...
Bromus pratensis (Huds.) Spreng., Bucetum pratense (Huds.) Parn., Festuca fluitans L. var. pratensis (Huds.) Huds., Festuca ...
Upright brome (Bromus erectus). *Slim-stem reed grass (Calamagrostis neglecta). *Grey hair-grass (Corynephorus canescens) ...
Bromus rubens alien range. Global Invasive Species Database. Retrieved on 2009-04-09. Rubber vine in Queensland Invasive Plants ... Bromus rubens (Foxtail brome) Chrysanthemoides monilifera (Bitou bush) Cinnamomum camphora (Camphor laurel) Cryptostegia ...
Bromus tectorum); French broom (Genista monspessulana); Italian thistle (Carduus pycnocephalus); and perennial pepperweed ( ...
It is found in the Palearctic . The larva feeds on Bromus. Fauna Europaea Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the ...
Lolium multiflorum and Bromus diandrus. R. commune is one of the most destructive pathogens of barley worldwide, causing yield ...
Bromus tectorum Leroi, Armand Marie (2014). The Lagoon: How Aristotle Invented Science. Bloomsbury. pp. 296-297. ISBN 978-1- ...
Non-native plants include: Wild Oats (Avena spp.) Filaree (Erodium spp.) Barnyard Foxtail (Hordeum murinum) Bromus spp. Rat- ...
on Bromus antarcticus) Hendersonia microsticta Berk. (on Bulbinella rossii) Dothidea hemisphaerica = Clypeostroma ... Agrostris multicaulis Agrostris subulata Androstoma empetrifolia Anisotome antipoda Anisotome latifolia Astelia linearis Bromus ...
Japanese Bromegrass [R] Bromus pubescens Muhl. - Canada Brome [Wo] Bromus secalinus L. - Chess, Cheat [R] Bromus tectorum L. - ... Bearded Shorthusk[Wo] Bromus commutatus Schrader - Upright or Hairy Chess [M, Wo] Bromus japonicus Thunb. - ...
The wingspan is 8-9 millimetres (0.31-0.35 in). The larvae feed on Bromus erectus. They mine the leaves of their host plant. ...
They mainly feed on Bromus species. Adult males have the unusual behaviour of feeding on excrements. Moulet. 1995. Faune de ...
The larvae feed on Bromus unioloides. Australian Faunal Directory Australian Insects. ...
Bromus also foaled Hainault by Swynford. Phalaris was from a long line of successful sires. The conformation of Phalaris was ... Phalaris was sired by the Champion Stakes winner Polymelus out of Bromus by the Epsom Derby winner Sainfoin, she being closely ...
Bromus sp.) and fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris). In the southeast, from the western slopes of Sierra de Zongolica until the ...
The most notorious is Bromus tectorum, cheatgrass. It grows in the area, and the aforementioned mining activity actually ...
There are three subcommunities: the Bromus hordaceus ssp. hordaceus subcommunity the Briza media subcommunity the Arrhenatherum ...
... bromus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.822.151 --- cenchrus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.822.227 ...
The larvae feed on Bromus mollis and Arrhenatherum elatius. Gordon, Dennis P., ed. (2010). New Zealand inventory of ...
Bromus tectorum, originally from Eurasia, is highly fire-adapted. It not only spreads rapidly after burning but also increases ... For example, invasive plants can alter the fire regime (cheatgrass, Bromus tectorum), nutrient cycling (smooth cordgrass ...
The larvae feed on various grasses, especially Bromus species. waarneming.nl (in Dutch) Lepidoptera of Belgium Agriphila ...
He was the first to describe the grass Bromus arizonicus. The standard author abbreviation Shear is used to indicate this ...
The author repeatedly refers to a former compilation of Bromus; the work derives in fact from Geoffrey of Monmouth. The Oxford ... Dictionary of National Biography rejects the identification of Bromus with Bramis, that had been made by John Bale and Thomas ...
Bromus tectorum). #. Country. Country. StateName. FirstYear. Situation. Active Ingredients. CountryID. Site of Action. WeedID. ... First report of Ser653Asn mutation endowing high-level resistance to imazamox in downy brome (Bromus tectorum L.). Pest ... Bromus tectorum. Downy Brome (Cheatgrass). 190. 3 Spain. Spain. 1990. Orchards simazine 38. Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5). ... Bromus tectorum. Downy Brome (Cheatgrass). 457. 2 Spain. Spain. 1990. Wheat chlorotoluron 38. PSII inhibitor (Ureas and amides ...
Bromus inermis. Family Poaceae. Torrelles de Llobregat - B94-1312977 from age fotostocks photo library of over 50+ million ... Stock Photo - Smooth bromegrass, Bromus inermis. Family Poaceae. Torrelles de Llobregat. Barcelona. Catalonia. Spain ... Stock Photo - Smooth bromegrass, Bromus inermis. Family Poaceae. Torrelles de Llobregat. Barcelona. Catalonia. Spain. ...
Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) is a highly invasive winter annual grass that has caused significant changes to the steppe ... Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the North American steppe : prevalence and ... Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the North American steppe : prevalence and ... Titre : Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the North American steppe : ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bromus&oldid=252388660" ...
Bromus pallens Cav. (from The Plant List). Bromus pilosus F.Dietr. (from The Plant List). Bromus propendens Jord. (from The ... Bromus boraei Jord. (from The Plant List). Bromus gussonei Parl. (from The Plant List). Bromus macrantherus (Hack. ex Trab.) ... Bromus maximus var. glaber Willk. (from The Plant List). Bromus maximus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) Douin (from The Plant List). ... Bromus • Subgenus: Bromus subg. Stenobromus • Species: Bromus diandrus Roth ...
... © 2011 Neal Kramer. Bromus hordeaceus. © 2011 Barry Breckling. Bromus hordeaceus. © 2011 Neal Kramer. Bromus ... Previous taxon: Bromus hallii. Next taxon: Bromus inermis. Name Search Botanical illustration including Bromus hordeaceus. ... assignable to Bromus hordeaceus subsp. divaricatus (Bonnier & Layens) Kerguélen, Bromus molliformis J. Lloyd ex Billot, Bromus ... Bromus pacificus Shear not in California. Unabridged Note: Report in FNANM of Bromus pacificus Shear (in HSC) based on ...
... © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. ... Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. Bromus berteroanus. © 2006 Steve Matson. ... Bromus berteroanus. CHILEAN CHESS. Family: Poaceae (Gramineae). View Description. Dichotomous Key. Genus: Bromus. View ... Previous taxon: Bromus arvensis. Next taxon: Bromus briziformis. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Bromus setifolius . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Bromus lanceolatus . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
... ripgut brome Bromus erectus - upright brome, erect brome, meadow brome Bromus exaltatus Bromus fibrosus Bromus frigidus Bromus ... Japanese brome Bromus kalmii - Kalms brome, prairie brome Bromus kinabaluensis Bromus koeieanus Bromus kopetdagensis Bromus ... B. canadensis) Bromus ciliatus subsp. ciliatus Bromus ciliatus subsp. richardsonii Bromus commutatus - meadow brome Bromus ... paniculatus Bromus polyanthus ssp. polyanthus Bromus porteri - Porter brome Bromus pseudolaevipes - Coast Range brome Bromus ...
Genus: Bromus Subgenus: B. subg. Festucoides Species: Bromus araucanus Varieties: B. araucanus var. araucanus - B. araucanus ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bromus_araucanus&oldid=6960514" ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bromus_interruptus&oldid=5805279" ... Genus: Bromus Subgenus: B. subg. Bromus Species: Bromus interruptus Name[edit]. Bromus interruptus (Hack.) Druce ...
... Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ...
Bromus species Bromus scoparius Name. Homonyms. Bromus erectus Moris. Bromus erectus Huds.. Bromus erectus Ledeb.. Common names ... Bromus erectus Moris Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Classification. kingdom Plantae phylum Tracheophyta class ...
Bromus japonicus pronunciation, Bromus japonicus translation, English dictionary definition of Bromus japonicus. Noun 1. Bromus ... Bromus japonicus. Also found in: Thesaurus.. Related to Bromus japonicus: Bromus arvensis ... Bromus arvensis L.; SYN: Bromus japonicus Thunb.; Japanese Chess, Field Brome; C = 0; BSUH 16729.. The vascular flora in three ... Bromus japonicus - definition of Bromus japonicus by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Bromus+japonicus ...
Bromus hordeaceus is native to Eurasia, where it is most common in the Mediterranean region. It has naturalized in all other ... Bromus hordeaceus - Overview Soft Brome learn more about names for this taxon ... Jennifer Hammock split the classifications by Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel from Bromus hordeaceus L. to their own ... Jennifer Hammock split the classifications by Botany resource from Bromus hordeaceus L. to their own page. ...
Bromus ramosus ssp. benekii - lesser hairy brome Bromus ramosus ssp. ramosus Media related to Bromus ramosus at Wikimedia ... The name Bromus comes from the term brome, meaning oats. Unlike most other bromes (Bromus sp.), it grows in shady sites under ... Bromus ramosus, the hairy brome, is a bunchgrass in the grass family Poaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and southwest ... Bromus ramosus is a perennial herbaceous bunchgrass, typically reaching 1-2 metres (3-7 ft) tall. The leaves are long, usually ...
... this reference contains the essential information for growing BROMUS GRASS. Read more for a successful harvest! ...
Bromus pubescens Muhl. ex Willd. - Canada Brome Family - Poaceae Stems - No info. yet. Node of stem. Leaves - No info. yet. ... Other info. - This is one of the few native species of Bromus in Missouri and it is one of the most easily recognized and ...
Bromus secalinus Days To Maturity About Quick Fact Days To Maturity. Average number of days from seeding date to harvest, ... http://www.johnnyseeds.com/flowers/grasses-ornamental/bromus-grass-ornamental-grass-seed-3394.11.html Size ...
Bromus Linn. 雀麦属 Description from Flora of China. Bromopsis (Dumortier) Fourreau; Ceratochloa P. Beauvois; Nevskiella ... In addition to the species treated below, Bromus pubescens Muhlenberg ex Willdenow (Enum. Pl. 120. 1809) was recorded by Jung ...
Plants perennial, annual, or biennial; usually cespitose, sometimes rhizomatous. Culms 5-190 cm. Sheaths closed to near the top, usually pubescent; auricles usually absent; ligules membranous, to 6 mm, usually erose or lacerate; blades generally flat, rarely involute. Inflorescences panicles, sometimes racemose, erect or nodding, open or dense, occasionally 1-sided; branches usually ascending to spreading, sometimes reflexed or drooping. Spikelets 5-70 mm, terete to laterally compressed, with 3-30 florets; disarticulation above the glumes, beneath the florets. Glumes unequal, usually shorter than the adjacent lemmas, always shorter than the spikelets, glabrous or pubescent, usually acute, rarely mucronate; lower glumes 1-7(9)-veined; upper glumes 3-9(11)-veined; lemmas 5-13-veined, rounded to keeled, glabrous or pubescent, apices entire, emarginate, or toothed, usually terminally or subterminally awned, sometimes with 3 awns or unawned; paleas usually shorter than the lemmas, ciliate on the ...
genus: !!Bromus L. Projects: Bolivia , IPCN , Madidi Checklist , New World Grasses , VPA Keywords: AGF, BOL, IGS, PBRZ, TYPES, ...
Bromus mollis var. hordaceus (L.) Lilj. Bromus mollis var. hordeaceus (L.) Fr. Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus (L.) L. ...
Bromus macrostachys var. oxyodon (Schrenk) Griseb.*Bromus nototrophus Rupr.*Bromus oxyodon var. lanuginosus Rozhev.. Annual; ... Bromus oxyodon is similar to Bromus pectinatus, especially when young, but can be distinguished by its longer glumes, its ... Bromus oxyodon Schrenk in Bull. scient. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 10: 355. 1842. Schrenk, Enum. Pl. Nov. 2:1. 1842; Hook.f., Fl. Brit ...
  • Bromus is closely related to the wheat-grass lineage (tribe Triticeae) that includes such economically important genera as Triticum (wheat), Hordeum (barley) and Secale (rye). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bromus is distinguished from other grass genera by a combination of several morphological characteristics, including leaf sheaths that are closed (connate) for most of their length, awns that are usually inserted subapically, and hairy appendages on the ovary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bromus ramosus, the hairy brome, is a bunchgrass in the grass family Poaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bromus commutatus , a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California. (calflora.org)
  • We have studied a forest grass Bromus benekenii in 39 populations in Central, Western and Southern Europe with the use of PCR-ISSR fingerprinting. (edu.pl)
  • Pumpell's brome grass (Bromus pumpellianus ) was discovered. (sputtr.com)
  • Others, such as meadow brome (Bromus riparius), native to parts of Russia, are planted as forage in the Great Plains of North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • This record was originally "Bromus rigidus Roth" (TSN 40517), and was later mistakenly turned into "Bromus rigidus auct. (itis.gov)
  • non' indicating a misapplication of the name), and a new correctly applied name was added with a new TSN, Bromus rigidus Roth (TSN 565030). (itis.gov)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz 1859, nom. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus billottii F. W. Schultz 1849. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus unioloides Kunth 1816. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Bromus strictus Brongniart 1831, non Scopoli 1772. (usf.edu)
  • and (3) to determine whether there is any competition between Artemisia and Bromus for either form of N when mycorrhizal plants are grown together in the field. (epa.gov)
  • To study the nature of NO 3 - and NH 4 + uptake by Artemisia and Bromus separately, mycorrhizal plants were grown in another set of greenhouse experiments. (epa.gov)
  • Bromus ramosus is a perennial herbaceous bunchgrass, typically reaching 1-2 metres (3-7 ft) tall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bromus mutabilis F. W. Schultz, var. (usf.edu)
  • Bromus unioloides (Willdenow) Raspail, Ann. (usf.edu)
  • Bromus unioloides Kunth, in Humboldt et al. (usf.edu)