Inorganic salts of iodic acid (HIO3).
Inorganic compounds that contain sodium as an integral part of the molecule.
Negative ions or salts derived from bromic acid, HBrO3.
Salts of hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1- oxidation state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Water that is intended to be ingested.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.
The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.
Separation technique in which the stationary phase consists of ion exchange resins. The resins contain loosely held small ions that easily exchange places with other small ions of like charge present in solutions washed over the resins.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Family of retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (ras) originally isolated from Harvey (H-ras, Ha-ras, rasH) and Kirsten (K-ras, Ki-ras, rasK) murine sarcoma viruses. Ras genes are widely conserved among animal species and sequences corresponding to both H-ras and K-ras genes have been detected in human, avian, murine, and non-vertebrate genomes. The closely related N-ras gene has been detected in human neuroblastoma and sarcoma cell lines. All genes of the family have a similar exon-intron structure and each encodes a p21 protein.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.
Animals that are generated from breeding two genetically dissimilar strains of the same species.
A class of cell surface receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Sigma receptors were originally considered to be opioid receptors because they bind certain synthetic opioids. However they also interact with a variety of other psychoactive drugs, and their endogenous ligand is not known (although they can react to certain endogenous steroids). Sigma receptors are found in the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems, and in some peripheral tissues.
Diseases of rodents of the order RODENTIA. This term includes diseases of Sciuridae (squirrels), Geomyidae (gophers), Heteromyidae (pouched mice), Castoridae (beavers), Cricetidae (rats and mice), Muridae (Old World rats and mice), Erethizontidae (porcupines), and Caviidae (guinea pigs).
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
Tests of chemical substances and physical agents for mutagenic potential. They include microbial, insect, mammalian cell, and whole animal tests.
Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE that is sometimes called Hemlock Water Dropwort but should not be confused with HEMLOCK. It contains enanthotoxin.
A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced mutations independently of the mechanism involved.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.

Overexpression of Ogg1 in mammalian cells: effects on induced and spontaneous oxidative DNA damage and mutagenesis. (1/58)

Chinese hamster ovary cell lines (AA8 and AS52) were stably transfected to overexpress hOgg1 protein, the human DNA repair glycosylase for 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG). In the transfectants, the repair rate of 8-oxoG residues induced by either potassium bromate or the photosensitizer [R]-1-[(10-chloro-4-oxo-3-phenyl-4H-benzo[a]quinolizin-1-yl)-carbo nyl ]-2-pyrrolidinemethanolplus light was up to 3-fold more rapid than in the parental cells. However, the improved repair had little effect on the mutagenicity of potassium bromate in the guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (gpt) locus of the OGG1-transfected AS52 cells. The steady-state (background) levels of DNA base modifications sensitive to Fpg protein, which include 8-oxoG, in cells not exposed to a damaging agent were not reduced by the overexpression of Ogg1 protein. Moreover, the spontaneous mutation rates in the gpt locus were similar in OGG1-transformed and vector-only-transformed cells. The results demonstrate the potential of Ogg1 protein to remove its substrate modifications from most of the chromosomal DNA. They indicate, on the other hand, that the Ogg1 protein alone may not be rate limiting for the repair of the residual substrate modifications observed in cells under normal growth conditions.  (+info)

Balancing the risks and benefits of drinking water disinfection: disability adjusted life-years on the scale. (2/58)

To evaluate the applicability of disability adjusted life-years (DALYs) as a measure to compare positive and negative health effects of drinking water disinfection, we conducted a case study involving a hypothetical drinking water supply from surface water. This drinking water supply is typical in The Netherlands. We compared the reduction of the risk of infection with Cryptosporidium parvum by ozonation of water to the concomitant increase in risk of renal cell cancer arising from the production of bromate. We applied clinical, epidemiologic, and toxicologic data on morbidity and mortality to calculate the net health benefit in DALYs. We estimated the median risk of infection with C. parvum as 10(-3)/person-year. Ozonation reduces the median risk in the baseline approximately 7-fold, but bromate is produced in a concentration above current guideline levels. However, the health benefits of preventing gastroenteritis in the general population and premature death in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome outweigh health losses by premature death from renal cell cancer by a factor of > 10. The net benefit is approximately 1 DALY/million person-years. The application of DALYs in principle allows us to more explicitly compare the public health risks and benefits of different management options. In practice, the application of DALYs may be hampered by the substantial degree of uncertainty, as is typical for risk assessment.  (+info)

Origin and distribution of potassium bromate-induced testicular and peritoneal mesotheliomas in rats. (3/58)

Tissue sections were examined from a 2-year bioassay of male Fischer 344 rats treated with potassium bromate administered in drinking water. All animals exhibiting peritoneal mesotheliomas also had mesotheliomas of the tunica vaginalis testis mesorchium (the reverse was not true), and the correlation of these 2 types of mesotheliomas was highly significant (r2 = 0.98). Mapping of the tunica vaginalis tumors at all time points and at all bromate concentrations revealed a pattern of increasing incidence of tumor formation on the mesothelium of the tunica vaginalis testis as a function of proximity to the mesorchial ligament. Thus, the mesorchium appears to be the major mesothelial target site for potassium bromate-mediated carcinogenesis. The frequency of occurrence of mesotheliomas by location was tunica vaginalis testis (25%), mesosplenium (20%), mesentery (10%), mesojejunum/mesocolon (8%), bladder (6.5%), mesogastrium (13%), liver serosa (5%), and kidney, small intestine, and rectum (1% each). A complete cross-section of the rat testis was prepared and used to construct a complete map of the mesothelium. Any attempt to determine the role of local dose and tissue susceptibility for the purpose of interspecies risk extrapolation must take into account the complex anatomy and physiology of this region of the visceral and testicular suspensory apparatus. Improved histologic approaches are needed for adequate assessment of this delicate suspensory system.  (+info)

The role of glutathione in DNA damage by potassium bromate in vitro. (4/58)

We have investigated the role of reduced glutathione (GSH) in the genetic toxicity of the rodent renal carcinogen potassium bromate (KBrO(3)). A statistically significant increase in the concentration of 8-oxodeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) relative to deoxyguanosine was measured following incubation of calf thymus DNA with KBrO(3) and GSH or N-acetylcysteine (NACys). This was dependent on these thiols and was associated with the loss of GSH and production of oxidized glutathione. A short-lived (<6 min) intermediate was apparent which did not react with the spin trap dimethylpyrroline N-oxide. DNA oxidation was not evident when potassium chlorate (KClO(3)) or potassium iodate (KIO(3)) were used instead of KBrO(3), though GSH depletion also occurred with KIO(3), but not with KClO(3). Other reductants and thiols in combination with KBrO(3) did not cause a significant increase in DNA oxidation. DNA strand breakage was also induced by KBrO(3) in human white blood cells (5 mM) and rat kidney epithelial cells (NRK-52E, 1.5 mM). This was associated with an apparent small depletion of thiols in NRK-52E cells at 15 min and with an elevation of 8-oxodG at a delayed time of 24 h. Depletion of intra-cellular GSH by diethylmaleate in human lymphocytes decreased the amount of strand breakage induced by KBrO(3). Extracellular GSH, however, protected against DNA strand breakage by KBrO(3), possibly due to the inability of the reactive product to enter the cell. In contrast, membrane-permeant NACys enhanced KBrO(3)-induced DNA strand breakage in these cells. DNA damage by KBrO(3) is therefore largely dependent on access to intracellular GSH.  (+info)

Collaborative study of EPA Method 317.0 for the determination of inorganic oxyhalide disinfection by-products in drinking water using ion chromatography with the addition of a postcolumn reagent for trace bromate analysis. (5/58)

The development of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Method 317.0 is initiated to provide a sufficiently sensitive and fundamental technique for the compliance monitoring of trace levels of bromate in drinking water. After a comparative evaluation of Method 317.0 and elimination of a chlorite interference, this method is tested by a collaborative study in order to determine the precision and bias of the method and evaluate its potential role as a future compliance-monitoring method for inorganic disinfection by-products (DBPs) and trace bromate. This technique provides a practical method for future compliance monitoring for all of the inorganic oxyhalide DBPs including trace concentrations of bromate.  (+info)

Reaction of acylated homoserine lactone bacterial signaling molecules with oxidized halogen antimicrobials. (6/58)

Oxidized halogen antimicrobials, such as hypochlorous and hypobromous acids, have been used extensively for microbial control in industrial systems. Recent discoveries have shown that acylated homoserine lactone cell-to-cell signaling molecules are important for biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, suggesting that biofouling can be controlled by interfering with bacterial cell-to-cell communication. This study was conducted to investigate the potential for oxidized halogens to react with acylated homoserine lactone-based signaling molecules. Acylated homoserine lactones containing a 3-oxo group were found to rapidly react with oxidized halogens, while acylated homoserine lactones lacking the 3-oxo functionality did not react. The Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 bioassay was used to determine the effects of such reactions on acylated homoserine lactone activity. The results demonstrated that 3-oxo acyl homoserine lactone activity was rapidly lost upon exposure to oxidized halogens; however, acylated homoserine lactones lacking the 3-oxo group retained activity. Experiments with the marine alga Laminaria digitata demonstrated that natural haloperoxidase systems are capable of mediating the deactivation of acylated homoserine lactones. This may illustrate a natural defense mechanism to prevent biofouling on the surface of this marine alga. The Chromobacterium violaceum activity assay illustrates that reactions between 3-oxo acylated homoserine lactone molecules and oxidized halogens do occur despite the presence of biofilm components at much greater concentrations. This work suggests that oxidized halogens may control biofilm not only via a cidal mechanism, but also by possibly interfering with 3-oxo acylated homoserine lactone-based cell signaling.  (+info)

Kinetic spectrophotometric determination of thiocyanate based on its inhibitory effect on the oxidation of methyl red by bromate. (7/58)

A kinetic spectrophotometric method for measuring thiocyanate is described. The proposed method is based on the inhibitory effect of thiocyanate on the oxidation of Methyl Red by bromate in the presence of nitrite, which was monitored at 520 nm. The variables affecting the rate of the reaction were investigated and the optimum conditions were established. Thiocyanate can be measured in the range of 0.05-1.1 microg ml(-1) with a detection limit of 0.025 microg ml(-1). This method has been used to determine trace thiocyanate in urine and tap water samples.  (+info)

Sensitive kinetic-spectrophotometric determination of iodate in iodized table salt based on its accelerating effect on the reaction of bromate with chloride ion in the presence of hydrazine. (8/58)

A simple, precise, sensitive and accurate method was developed for rapid determination of trace quantities of iodate. The method is based on the accelerating effect of iodate on the reaction of bromate and chloride acid in the presence of hydrazine in acidic media. The decolorization of Methyl Orange with the reaction products was used to monitor the reaction spectrophotometrically at 525 nm. Iodate could be determined in the concentration ranges of 0.03 - 1.2 microg ml(-1). The relative standard deviation for ten replicate determinations of 0.3 microg ml(-1) of iodate was 1.65%. The proposed method was applied to the determination of iodate in table salts with satisfactory results.  (+info)

Study contains listed that potassium bromate Good reasons thyroid and kidney tumors within just rats, and consists of been categorized as either carcinogenic in direction of human beings by means of the Global Firm for Analyze upon Most cancers. Plenty of international locations these as Canada, China, Peru, Brazil, Sri Lanka, and the Ecu Union contain presently banned potassium bromate as a foods additive. On the other hand, the United Suggests is fairly driving the curve and incorporates not however banned this check more additive. In its place, they include questioned bakers in direction of voluntarily conclude taking this factor. California is made up of enforced a legislation that requirements all solutions with this component be classified with a most cancers caution. Right up until the Food and drug administration banishes it, oneself should really continue to be upon the lookout ...
Study contains listed that potassium bromate Good reasons thyroid and kidney tumors within just rats, and consists of been categorized as either carcinogenic in direction of human beings by means of the Global Firm for Analyze upon Most cancers. Plenty of international locations these as Canada, China, Peru, Brazil, Sri Lanka, and the Ecu Union contain presently banned potassium bromate as a foods additive. On the other hand, the United Suggests is fairly driving the curve and incorporates not however banned this check more additive. In its place, they include questioned bakers in direction of voluntarily conclude taking this factor. California is made up of enforced a legislation that requirements all solutions with this component be classified with a most cancers caution. Right up until the Food and drug administration banishes it, oneself should really continue to be upon the lookout ...
Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is a known prooxidant and carcinogen. Melatonin is a highly effective antioxidant. Indole-3-propionic acid (IPA) an indole substance, and propylothiouracil (PTU) an antithyroid drug, also reveal some antioxidative effects. The aim of the study was to evaluate KBrO3-induced lipid peroxidation in vitro in tissues collected from either control or melatonin-treated rats, and to compare potential preventive effects of melatonin, IPA and PTU.. Kidney, liver and lung homogenates from either the control or the melatonin-treated rats (0.0645 mmol/kg b.w., i.p., twice daily, for 10 days) were incubated in the presence of KBrO3 (0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 mM). As prooxidative effect of KBrO3 was observed only in the control lung homogenates, they were then incubated in the presence of KBrO3 (10.0 mM) plus melatonin (0.01, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0, 7.5 mM), or IPA or PTU (0.01, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0 mM). The level of lipid peroxidation products malondialdehyde ...
New Delhi, May 24 (IANS) The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) on Tuesday welcomed the Food Safety and Standards Authority of Indias (FSSAI) decision to disallow the use of potassium bromate as an additive in food products. CSE had on Monday released a report which said that Indian bread manufacturers use potassium bromate and potassium iodate for treating flour while making bread.. Potassium bromate is known to be a category 2B carcinogen and is already banned in Britain, the European Union, Australia, Canada and Sri Lanka, among others. The CSE also welcomed the food safety authoritys decision to evaluate use of potassium iodate - which may trigger thyroid disorders - in bread-making.. The FSSAI had on Monday said that it was already considering to take potassium bromate off the list of permitted additives as per the recommendation of a scientific panel. The FSSAI said it was also examining the evidence against potassium iodate before taking any decision on disallowing its use.. We ...
Potassium bromate, KBrO3 , is a dough conditioner and oxidizing agent. It causes flour maturation and strengthens the gluten network. Recently, its use has been reduced and replaced by SSL, CSL, ADA and clean label solutions, such as enzymes and ascorbic acid.
After a CSE study claimed that bread contains cancer-causing chemicals, Food regulator FSSAI today said it has decided to remove potassium bromate from the list of permitted additives while it is examining evidence against potassium iodate before restricting its use. A report by NGO Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) said that nearly 84 per…
Not only has bleached white flour lost its nutritive value, but potassium bromate was added. After removing all the layers and nutrients, flour is bleached, preserved, and aged with chlorine dioxide. It is further whitened by adding chalk, alum, and ammonium carbonate to make it look and feel more appealing to the consumer. An anti-salting agent called sorbitan mono-saturate is added in the final stage. potassium bromate is also added to white flour. It is a very powerful oxidizer that damages cells. Bromate is considered a category 2B carcinogen (=possibly carcinogenic to humans) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Potassium bromate has been banned in most developed countries in 1884, including all countries in the European Union (chlorine, bromates, and peroxides in food is banned in the EU), UK, Canada. (See Admin, http://livingtraditionally.com/5-secrets-white-flour-will-shock/, 2014). Editors Note: Potassium bromate and chlorine dioxide in bleached flour - a double ...
Last week, a new study released by the Centre for Science and Environment had claimed that many well known brands of packaged breads, including the ones used in burgers and pizzas contained high levels of potassium bromate, a known carcinogen.
Much of the flour sold in the United States has been treated with potassium bromate, which causes the flour to bulk up, strengthens the dough and makes the bread rise more. This decreases the time needed for baking (thereby reducing costs) and also allows the use of low-quality flour that might otherwise be unsuitable for baking. ...
Potassium Bromate, Manufacturer, China supplier of Aromatic Chemicals, Essential Oils, Food Additive, Food Ingredients, Forest Chemicals, Natural Aromatic Chemicals, and more.
NEW DELHI -- The government yesterday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its presence in bread as causing cancer. The Food Safety Standards Authority o...
CSE conducted test on various samples collected from different part of the capital belonging to different brands. They found 84% samples test positive for potassium bromate and potassium iodate after tests on 38 varieties which include Britannia,Harvest Gold,KFC, McDonalds, Dominos Pizza and Subway. These revelations are shocking and disturbing as all of us have eaten from one of these brands. It should also be noted that these two substances which are used to soften breads and enhance their color and texture namely potassium bromate and potassium iodate are banned in many countries of the world after a study conducted in the 90s. These substances however are not harmful a ...
CSE conducted test on various samples collected from different part of the capital belonging to different brands. They found 84% samples test positive for potassium bromate and potassium iodate after tests on 38 varieties which include Britannia,Harvest Gold,KFC, McDonalds, Dominos Pizza and Subway. These revelations are shocking and disturbing as all of us have eaten from one of these brands. It should also be noted that these two substances which are used to soften breads and enhance their color and texture namely potassium bromate and potassium iodate are banned in many countries of the world after a study conducted in the 90s. These substances however are not harmful a ...
After removing all the layers and nutrients, flour is bleached, preserved, and aged with chlorine dioxide. It is further whitened by adding chalk, alum, and ammonium carbonate to make it look and feel more appealing to the consumer. An anti-salting agent called sorbitan mono-saturate is added in the final stage. Potassium bromate is also added to white flour. It is very powerful oxidizer that damages cells. Bromate is considered a category 2B carcinogen (= possibly carcinogenic to humans) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Potassium bromate has been banned in most of the developed countries in 1994 including all countries in European Union (chlorine, bromates, and peroxides in food is banned in the EU), UK, Canada ...
from here: http://www.cspinet.org/new/bromate.html CSPI Newsroom Return to the Center for Science in the Public Interest For Immediate Release: July 19, 1999 For more information: 202/332-9110 Related Links food additives to Avoid Consumer Group Calls for Ban On Flour Improver Potassium Bromate Termed a Cancer Threat WASHINGTON - The Center for Science in the Public Interest today petitioned the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to prohibit the use of potassium bromate, which is used to strengthen bread dough. CSPI charged that the FDA has known for years t ...
Citation: Zeiger, E., Anderson, B., Haworth, S., Lawlor, T., and Mortelman, K. Salmonella Mutagenicity Tests V. Results from the Testing of 311 Chemicals Environ. Molec. Mutagen. Vol. 19 (Suppl 21) (1992) 2- ...
Few foods evoke an image of wholesomeness like fresh-baked bread. But the flour used in many commercial baked goods may include an additive thats been linked to cancer.
Bread and Butter issues in food safety. A recent study by CSE (Centre for Science and Environment) points to the presence of possible cancer-causing chemicals in the prepackaged breads. The specific chemical in question - Potassium Bromate has been used as an oxidising agent for breads and other bakery items like Pao, Bun and Pizza bread. Similarly, Potassium Iodate was also found in samples and is reported to be leading to thyroid disorders.. The results came to the fore when CSEs Pollution Monitoring Laboratory (PML) found residues in 84 percent of the 38 bread and bakery samples it had sourced from retailers In Delhi. The results show that major brands across categories have concentrations ranging from 0 to 22.54 parts per million (ppm) of the chemicals in the sample. Though the discovery was well within the mandated limit of 50 ppm for the chemical, the release of the report by CSE saw stocks of major bread manufacturing companies fall considerably. However, there seems to be more to the ...
Fluoridation http://consciouslifenews.com/18-scientifically-validated-reasons-public-water-fluoridation/1172758 18 Scientifically Validated Reasons to End Public Water Fluoridation http://thefreethoughtproject.com/harvard-fluoridated-water-causing-cognitive-disorders Clean Water Sonoma-Marins Dawna Gallagher shines in a presentation given at the 3/22/14 Clean Water Rally in San Francisco. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2TpJQKMNfNo The British government has run out of excuses in pushing fluoride on its population, because it has taken to forcing even those with no teeth of their own to ingest it. http://www.naturalnews.com/044802_British_government_water_fluoridation_forced_medication.html http://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-13440/6-attitudes-that-are-a-complete-turn-on.html Potassium bromate is so widely accepted as a carcinogen that it has been banned in the European Union, Canada and even China. http://www.naturalnews.com/044811_potassium_bromate_flour_carcinogen.html Learn The Reason Why Tupac ...
The BZ reaction is an example of a chemical oscillator, a system which instead of arriving at a steady state transitions between two different chemical states (which two states have two different colors, whence the waves above). Boris Belousov discovered it in the 1950s when he happened to mix together potassium bromate, cerium(IV) sulfate, propanedioic acid and citric acid in dilute sulfuric acid (hell, why not?); he made two attempts to publish his findings, but was rejected from peer-reviewed journals because he couldnt explain why the oscillations occurred ...
ET Group memproduksi beberapa test kit analisis mutu pangan bermerk Easy Test dengan jenis varian antara lain Test Kit Formalin, Test Kit Boraks, Test Kit Methanil Yellow, Test Kit Rhodamine B, Test Kit Mutu Pangan 4 Varian, Test Kit Formalin Paket Industri, TEST KIT MUTU PANGAN 4 VARIAN (PAKET INDUSTRI), Test Kit Sianida, Test Kit Peroksida, Test Kit Hipoklorit (Kaporit), Test Kit Siklamat, Test Kit Sakarin, Test Kit Asam Salisilat, Test Kit Alkalinitas (Alkalinity), Test Kit Asam Sorbat, Test Kit Benzoat, Test Kit Oksalat (Oxalate), Test Kit Tiosianat (Thiocyanate), Test Kit Nitrit, Test Kit Iodat, Test Kit Oksalat, Test Kit Potassium Bromate (Kalium Bromat) dan macam-macam test kit lainnya. Semua informasi terbaru tentang produk Easy Test dapat anda lihat secara detail juga di http://www.testkitshop.com/ atau di http://easytest.indonetwork.co.id/prod ...
The etiology of WDPM has not been clearly elucidated. It has been suggested that proliferative lesions might be related to local trauma, herniorrhaphy, or a long-term hydrocele.17 A relationship between asbestos exposure and mesotheliomas of the tunica has been postulated. Only one case of WDPM of the tunica vaginalis in the literature had a history of asbestos exposure7 and one had a history of a household contact with exposure.4 Our case had no asbestos exposure like the rest majority of reported cases. In addition to asbestos, potassium bromate in drinking water has been shown to increase the risk of MM of the tunica vaginalis in an animal model.15 SV40 is a DNA monkey virus that has been associated with MM and has been implicated in mesotheliomas of the pleura. SV40 contaminated polio vaccines produced between 1955 and 1978 are postulated to have been the route of virus transmission from monkeys to humans. Many studies have demonstrated the presence of SV40 in pleural mesotheliomas through ...
Note: ET Group memproduksi beberapa test kit analisis mutu pangan bermerk Easy Test dengan jenis varian antara lain Test Kit Formalin, Test Kit Boraks, Test Kit Methanil Yellow, Test Kit Rhodamine B, Test Kit Mutu Pangan 4 Varian, Test Kit Formalin Paket Industri, TEST KIT MUTU PANGAN 4 VARIAN (PAKET INDUSTRI), Test Kit Sianida, Test Kit Peroksida, Test Kit Hipoklorit (Kaporit), Test Kit Siklamat, Test Kit Sakarin, Test Kit Asam Salisilat, Test Kit Alkalinitas (Alkalinity), Test Kit Asam Sorbat, Test Kit Benzoat, Test Kit Oksalat (Oxalate), Test Kit Tiosianat (Thiocyanate), Test Kit Nitrit, Test Kit Iodat, Test Kit Oksalat, Test Kit Potassium Bromate (Kalium Bromat) dan macam-macam test kit lainnya ...
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Note: ET Group memproduksi beberapa test kit analisis mutu pangan bermerk Easy Test dengan jenis varian antara lain Test Kit Formalin, Test Kit Boraks, Test Kit Methanil Yellow, Test Kit Rhodamine B, Test Kit Mutu Pangan 4 Varian, Test Kit Formalin Paket Industri, TEST KIT MUTU PANGAN 4 VARIAN (PAKET INDUSTRI), Test Kit Sianida, Test Kit Peroksida, Test Kit Hipoklorit (Kaporit), Test Kit Siklamat, Test Kit Sakarin, Test Kit Asam Salisilat, Test Kit Alkalinitas (Alkalinity), Test Kit Asam Sorbat, Test Kit Benzoat, Test Kit Oksalat (Oxalate), Test Kit Tiosianat (Thiocyanate), Test Kit Nitrit, Test Kit Iodat, Test Kit Oksalat, Test Kit Potassium Bromate (Kalium Bromat) dan macam-macam test kit lainnya ...
A new report titled: US-UK trade deal: The hidden damage to public health has listed several known carcinogens used in bread manufacturing in the US which could find their way into Britain. Toxic additives including potassium bromate and azodicarbonamide are both used as leavening agents in pre-packaged bread with their use as a food additive banned…
Plain Ingredients: Cream cheese (pasteurized milk and cream, cheese culture, salt, carob bean and/or xanthan and/or guar gum) Sugar, Eggs, Sour Cream (cultured pasteurized grade A skim milk, cream, modified corn starch, sodium phosphate, locust bean gum, guar gum carragenan, potassium sorbate) Cram, High Gluten Flour (bleached white flour, potassium bromate, malted barley flour),butter(pasteurized cream, natural flavoring), natural chocolate ...
Potassium Bromate. This additive is banned within Canada for foo manufacturers products but easily found in many imported food products.. ► Olestra Oil (OLEAN). Considered one of the worst food inventions by Time magazine back in 2010! It is a fat so large you cannot absorb it, it was considered fat-free due to this inability for your body to process it; but there were some very drastically unpleasant side effects, such as anal leakage of fat, and the loss of many fat-soluble vitamins.. ► Soy & Soy Protein Isolates. Soy is a very hormone-rich food, which can mess with our bodies natural hormones very easily. It may wreak havoc on both male and female bodies, respectively as hormones affect us all. Soy is also linked to Thyroid disorders as it is believed to have a negative connection with the bodys natural iodine that the Thyroid relies on to function.. ► Sodium Benzoate. Used as a preservative, and found in pharmaceutical drugs, vitamins, cola beverages, fruit juices products, ...
Crystallise potassium bromate R from boiling water R. Identification of impurities use the chromatogram supplied with dimenhydrinate for peak identification CRS and the chromatogram obtained with reference solution (d) to identify the peaks due to impurities A and E; use the chromatogram obtained with Buy Propecia onli ne solution Buy Tadagra sydney to identify impurity F.
0053]As used herein, effective amount of combustion suppressing boron donor defines an effective amount of boron containing compound exemplified by borax and boric acid that can reduce the combustion rate of the solid composition to a packing group having lower transportation and/or storage restrictions. Division 5.1 Oxidizer Testing in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, and the United Nations Transportation of Dangerous Goods-Manual of Test and Criteria, Fourth revised edition (2003). Solid Division 5.1 materials are assigned packing groups using the following UN/DOT criteria [49 CFR §173.127(b)]: (i) Packing Group I is the sub-classification of any material which, in the 4:1 or 1:1 sample to cellulose ratio (by mass) tested exhibits a mean burning time less than the mean burning time of a 3:2 mixture, by mass, of potassium bromate and cellulose. (ii) Packing Group II is the sub-classification of any material which, in the 4:1 or 1:1 sample to cellulose ratio (by ...
Amid recent concern about the presence of ADA in baked foods, Lesaffre North America affirmed that its entire family of yeast products and dough improvers do not contain ADA or potassium bromate. This includes Red Star and SAF brands of fresh, dried and instant yeasts, as well as the SAF Pro, Magimix and Gustal brands of dough improvers. The company also took steps to ensure its yeast products were also gluten-free ...
The recent study of the Delhi-based Centre for Science & Environment (CSE) on white bread, bun, pav and pizza bread in that city has put the spotlight firmly on potassium bromate, a chemical compound commonly used in baking. The additive is used to strengthen dough and improve the shelf life of bread. It is also…
Seven bread samples were not found positive for potassium bromate, a cancer-causing food additive. Report of four bread samples are yet to be released.
KISHORE, Lalit; KUMAR, Ashok; NAIR, Anroop y KAUR, Navpreet. Kinetic Spectrophotometric Method for the Estimation of Ofloxacin in Pharmaceutical Formulations. J. Mex. Chem. Soc [online]. 2012, vol.56, n.4, pp.355-361. ISSN 1870-249X.. The objective of the current study was to develop a direct, sensitive spectrophotometric method based on the oxidation of Ofloxacin using potassium permanganate in alkaline medium. The rate of change of absorbance was measured at 603 nm. The initial rate method and fixed time method (at 4 min) are utilised to construct calibration graphs for calculating the concentration of the drug. The results were validated through inter day and intraday precision assays according to the ICH guidelines and also through recovery studies. Statistical comparison of the proposed methods with that of reference method shows excellent agreement and indicates no significant difference in their accuracy and precision.. Palabras clave : Ofloxacin; Initial Rate Method; Fixed Time Method. ...
Business Directory for Sodium Bromate Suppliers in Vadodara - Get contact details of Sodium Bromate Manufacturers, Wholesale Sodium Bromate Exporters, Best Sodium Bromate Traders & Distributors Across the Vadodara.
Global Sodium Bromate Industry 2015 Market Survey Study Analysis and Overview : Industry Trend, Size, Share, Growth and ForecastGlobal industry for Sodium Bromate is a distinctive study encompassing a detailed study of the industry pertaining to an important set of industry verticals. The report, titled Global Sodium Bromate Industry 2015, is the result of data gathered from industry experts and a mix of primary and secondary research methodologies. The report studies the international Sodium Bromate...
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Eosinophil peroxidase and myeloperoxidase use hydrogen peroxide to produce hypobromous acid and hypochlorous acid. These powerful oxidants may damage the lungs if they are produced as part of the inflammatory response in asthma. The aim of this study was to determine if peroxidases generate hypohalous acids in the airways of individuals with stable asthma, and if they affect lung function. Sputum was induced from patients with mild to moderate asthma and from healthy controls. Eosinophil peroxidase, myeloperoxidase, chlorinated and brominated tyrosyl residues, and protein carbonyls were measured in sputum supernatants. Eosinophil peroxidase protein was significantly elevated in asthmatic subjects whereas myeloperoxidase protein was not. There was significantly more 3-bromotyrosine (Br-Tyr) in proteins from the sputum of asthmatics compared to controls (0.79 vs. 0.23 mmol Br-Tyr/mol Tyr; medians p , .0001). Levels of 3-chlorotyrosine (0.23 vs. 0.14 mmol Cl-Tyr/mol Tyr; medians p = .11) and ...
INGREDIENTS:FLOUR (BLEACHED FLOUR, MALTED BARLEY FLOUR), WATER, DEXTROSE AND/OR SUGAR, YEAST, VEGETABLE SHORTENING (PARTIALLY HYDROGENATED SOYBEAN AND/OR COTTONSEED OIL), SOY FLOUR, SALT, CINNAMON, WHEY, YELLOW CORN FLOUR AND/OR CORN STARCH, LEAVENING (SODIUM ACID PYROPHOSPHATE AND BAKING SODA), MALT, NONFAT MILK, EGG YOLK, DOUGH CONDITIONERS (MONO-AND-DIGLYCERIDES, DATEM, SODIUM STEAROYL LACTYLATE, ASCORBIC ACID), NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVORS, POTASSIUM BROMATE, COLORED WITH TURMERIC AND ANNATTO ...
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i keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking, wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection, IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting, IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower], IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing, immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor ...
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NTP STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF NON-NEOPLASTIC LESIONS REPORT: PEIRPT10 LAB: Battelle Columbus WATER DISINFECTION MODEL (SODIUM BROMATE) DATE: 12/08/03 EXPERIMENT: 97013 TEST: 92 TIME: 14:32:25 TEST TYPE: 26-39 WEEKS CAGES FROM 0000 TO LAST CAGE PAGE: 1 CONT: N01-ES-65406 ROUTE: SKIN APPLICATION NTP C#: 97013B PATHOLOGIST: TOFT, JOHN CAS: 7789-38-0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ FINAL#1 MICE REASONS FOR REMOVAL: 25019 Moribund Sacrifice 25020 Natural Death 25021 Terminal Sacrifice REMOVAL DATE RANGE: ALL TREATMENT GROUPS: INCLUDE ALL NTP STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF NON-NEOPLASTIC LESIONS REPORT: PEIRPT10 LAB: Battelle Columbus WATER DISINFECTION MODEL (SODIUM BROMATE) DATE: 12/08/03 EXPERIMENT: 97013 TEST: 92 TIME: 14:32:25 TEST TYPE: 26-39 WEEKS CAGES FROM 0000 TO LAST CAGE CONT: N01-ES-65406 ROUTE: SKIN APPLICATION NTP C#: 97013B PATHOLOGIST: TOFT, JOHN CAS: 7789-38-0 SUMMARY OF STATISTICALLY ...
A new nitro derivative of β-naphthol was synthesized. Its structure was studied by ¹HMR and IR spectrometry. A possibility of its use for immobilization on fibrous substrates and application as a specific analytical reagent for the determination of metal ions, in particular, cobalt(II) ions, was shown. The absorbance maximum of the reagent is at 490 nm and of the complex with cobalt ions, 690 nm ...
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Into a 4L reactor was added at room temperature Compound 8 (229g, 820mmol, leq) and 2N sulfuric acid (1147mL, 112g sulfuric acid, 1.147mol, 1.4eq). The reaction light yellow mixture was stirred and sodium bromate (126g, 836mmol, 1.02eq) was added. The mixture became yellow and the temperature dropped (endothermic dissolution). After 30min the reaction temperature reached 35°C and heated further to 40°C for 6h to give dark yellow solution with precipitate in the bottom of reactor. Toluene (2L) and NaOH (24%, 546g, 131g NaOH, 3.28mol, 4.0eq) were added and the reaction mixture was vigorously stirred for 1 hour at 42°C. The reaction mixture was then poured into a 4 L separation funnel. The dark water phase was discarded and the dark red organic phase was washed with 1.1L 5% sodium sulphite solution and 1L 20% brine. The organic phase was then concentrated on a rotavapor (50°C, 90-65 mbar, finally at 45mbar) to give l l lg dark red oil with crystals in the flask. A GC analysis (5mg red oil ...
Wavol Instant Neutraliser is specifically formulated to lower the PH levels and stop the further processing of the perm solution. The unique formula contains Sodium Bromate, which assists in protecting the hair.. ...
Enthaply Berkeley is looking for an Analyst I for our Ion Chromatography and TOC analysis. The shift is from Mon- Friday, 10am-6:30pm. Analysts perform chemical measurements and other tasks to meet the expectations of our clients by efficiently and profitably generating defensible data on time.. Roles and Responsibilities:. • Quantitative sample analysis by Ion Chromatography and TOC. • Preparation of data summaries for inclusion in client reports. • Sample and standard preparation. • Instrument calibration and validation. • Instrument maintenance and troubleshooting. • Maintaining organized records of sample preparation and analysis, equipment maintenance and data collected off site. • Maintain consumables and parts for instruments. • Overhead projects designed to improve efficiency of, or accuracy of analyses. • Communicating relevant updates to applicable people in a timely manner. • Performing other duties and responsibilities as prescribed by the Company. • Compliance ...
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The AQF-2100H is a fully automatic solution for preparation of samples to be measuredwith ion chromatography or other aqueous solution based methods. Thusit is very wellsuited to substitute time consuming manual preparation steps, such as oxygen bombpyrolysis.. ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
What kind of information would you need to demonstrate that the substance responsible for increasing the rate of this reaction is an enzyme? Explain how this information would indicate that the catalytic effect is due to an enzyme ...
In the United States the maximum level of addition to flour is 45 ppm for ADA, 75 ppm for potassium bromate, and 200 ppm for ... Potassium bromate acts more directly or with fewer chemical conversion steps than ascorbic acid. Glutathione increases wheat ... In the early 1900s it was discovered the use of calcium chlorid [sic], ammonium sulfate, and potassium bromate halved the ... Dehydroascorbic acid and potassium bromate are oxidants, acting on sulfhydryl groups and disulfide bonds in wheat dough, in ...
Bromate is usually used. Other choices are phosphates, ascorbic acid, and malted barley. Bromated flour has been banned in much ... IARC--Summaries & Evaluations: Potassium Bromate (Group 2B), International Agency for Research on Cancer more information on " ... of the world, as bromate is classified as possibly carcinogenic in humans (Group 2B) by the International Agency for Research ...
... for example with aqueous sodium bromate. As a lactone, GBL is hydrolyzed under basic conditions, for example in a sodium ... "Autocatalytic Oxidation of Ethers with Sodium Bromate". Tetrahedron. 56 (13): 1905-1910. doi:10.1016/S0040-4020(00)00098-3. ...
In 1951, while trying to find the non-organic analog to the Krebs cycle, he noted that in a mix of potassium bromate, cerium(IV ... One of the most common variations on this reaction uses malonic acid (CH2(CO2H)2) as the acid and potassium bromate (KBrO3) as ... The only key chemical is the bromate oxidizer. The catalyst ion is most often cerium, but it can be also manganese, or ... ions by bromate(V) ions. Belousov made two attempts to publish his finding, but was rejected on the grounds that he could not ...
Later, it was obtained by the oxidation of bromate with xenon difluoride. Once perbromates are obtained, perbromic acid can be ... Diperiodatonickelate anions in alkaline solution can oxidise bromate to perbromate. This is a relatively lower cost and ... perbromate ions were formed through the reaction of hypobromite and bromate ions in an alkaline sodium hypobromite solution. ... "Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidation of Bromate by Diperiodatonickelate(IV) in Aqueous Alkaline Medium--A Simple Method for ...
Stanford B. D.; Pisarenko A. N.; Snyder S. A.; Gordon G. (2011). "Perchlorate, bromate, and chlorate in hypochlorite solutions ...
Yamazaki used to use potassium bromate in their bread until 2014 while all other Japanese baking companies voluntarily stopped ... "Japan's Yamazaki Baking to use potassium bromate in bread". Asia Pulse News - via HighBeam Research. Japan portal Companies ...
EPA has issued standards for bromate, chlorite, haloacetic acids and trihalomethanes. EPA has issued standards for antimony, ...
IBX is prepared from 2-iodobenzoic acid, potassium bromate and sulfuric acid. Frigerio and co-workers have also demonstrated, ... in 1999 that potassium bromate may be replaced by commercially available Oxone. One of the main drawbacks of IBX is its limited ... but it was later proposed that samples of IBX were shock sensitive due to the residual potassium bromate left from its ...
Bromide: Br− Bromite: BrO− 2 Bromate: BrO− 3 Perbromate: BrO− 4 Kneen; Rogers; Simpson (1972). "The Halogens". Chemistry. Facts ... A secondary reaction, where hypobromite spontaneously disproportionates to bromide (bromine oxidation state −1) and bromate ( ... but it is kinetically locked toward a further disproportion into bromate and bromide above the pKa of HBrO. These reactions of ...
... is an intermediate stage of the reaction between bromate ion (BrO− 3 ) and bromine (Br−): BrO− 3 + 2Br− → HBrO2 + ... Bromous acid is a product of the Belousov-Zaboutinsky reaction resulting from the combination of potassium bromate, cerium(IV) ... Thorough analysis of temporal oscillation in the bromate-cerium-malonic acid system". Journal of the American Chemical Society ...
... is the product of a reaction of barium bromate and sulfuric acid. Ba(BrO 3) 2 + H 2SO 4 → 2 HBrO 3 + BaSO 4 Barium ... Bromic acid and bromates are powerful oxidizing agents and are common ingredients in Belousov-Zhabotinsky reactions. Belousov- ... Bromic acid, also known as hydrogen bromate, is an oxoacid with the molecular formula HBrO3. It only exists in aqueous solution ... Low concentrations dissociate completely to hydrogen and bromate while high concentrations decompose to form bromine. Bromic ...
Like potassium bromate, potassium iodate is occasionally used as a maturing agent in baking. Potassium iodate may be used to ... 3 I2 + 6 KOH → KIO3 + 5 KI + 3 H2O Or by fusing potassium iodide with potassium chlorate, bromate or perchlorate, the melt is ...
... nickel bromate Ni(BrO3)2•6H2O nickel iodate (Ni(IO3)2•4H2O), nickel stannate (NiSnO3•2H2O) are some other oxy-salts. The ...
For an oxidation of cyclic alcohols with RuO4 as a catalyst and bromate as a base, RuO4 is first activated by hydroxide: RuO4 ... "Kinetics and mechanism of ruthenium tetroxide catalysed oxidation of cyclic alcohols by bromate in a base". Transition Metal ...
The next stage in the development of hydrogen-bromine flow battery is hydrogen-bromate flow battery. "Performance Evaluation of ...
Afterward, the thioglycolate must be oxidized with a special solution of hydrogen peroxide or sodium bromate. Lastly, in most ...
The reaction occurs by Ni(IV) changing to Ni(III) with the release of hydroxyl radical which can react with bromate. Ni(III) ... "Kinetics and Mechanism of Oxidation of Bromate by Diperiodatonickelate(IV) in Aqueous Alkaline Medium--A Simple Method for ... 4 oxidation state are powerful oxidising agents that are capable of oxidising bromate to perbromate. Sodium nickel periodate, ... The ability to oxidise bromate to perbromate is unusual, and very few reagents can do this. ...
... and sodium bromate. His graduate advisor was Arthur Amos Noyes. Dickinson's Ph.D. thesis A collection of digitized materials ...
In 1911 he reported his results, having used his discovered method of bromate fractional crystallization to do the purification ...
Oxidation can also be effected in air or by hydrogen peroxide or sodium bromate in a mildly acidic solution. The low water ...
Domino's did not respond to the CSE queries Potassium bromate is a Category 2B carcinogen, meaning it can cause cancer. ... reported that their pizza bread were laced with toxins and carcinogens such as potassium bromate and potassium iodate. ...
Adding carbon black also prevents the formation of bromate, which causes stomach problems when water contaminated with it is ... bromate, which forms when naturally occurring bromine reacts with chlorine in the presence of sunlight. In the original release ...
It is an orange solid that is stable below −40 °C. It has the structure Br−O−BrO2 (bromine bromate). The Br−O−Br bond is bent ...
In the food industry, some organic peroxides (benzoyl peroxide, etc.) and other agents (e.g., bromates) are used as flour ...
... hypobromite salts are unstable and undergo a slow disproportionation reaction to yield the respective bromate and bromide salts ...
They discovered the Briggs-Rauscher oscillating reaction by replacing bromate (BrO3−) in the BZ reaction with iodate and adding ...
Common additives include reducing agents such as L-cysteine or sodium metabisulfite, and oxidants such as potassium bromate or ...
Bromide in source waters can be converted by ozone into bromate, a potent carcinogen that is regulated in the United States, as ... The World Health Organization has established guidelines for several DBPs, including bromate, bromodichloromethane, chlorate, ... for bromate, chlorite, haloacetic acids and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). In Europe, the level of TTHMs has been set at 100 ... bromate, and chlorite (which are regulated in the US), and so-called "emerging" DBPs such as halonitromethanes, ...
Bromate " 10 μg/l 10 μg/l " " Cadmium Cd 3 μg/l 5 μg/l 5 μg/l 5 μg/l 5.00 μg/l ...
Products with potassium bromate (as of 9/16/2015)*. Amellos Italian Style Raspberry Drop Cookies Amons Kosher Deep Dish Pizza ... Potassium bromate also has the potential to disrupt the genetic material within cells.9 Upon entering the body, potassium ... Carcinogenicity of potassium bromate administered in the drinking water to male B6C3F1 mice and F344/N rats. Toxicol Pathol. 26 ... Potassium Bromate Was your bread baked with flour containing a possible cancer-causing additive? ...
Testing Status of Potassium bromate 7758012. CASRN: 7758-01-2. Formula: Br-H-O3.K. Synonyms/Common Names. *Bromic acid, ...
Browse fuzing.com to find Sodium bromate sellers, suppliers, wholesalers, companies, manufacturers, exporters, factories. ... Sodium bromate. You May Also Be Interested In: oilfield chemicals sodium bromate Weifang Changda Chemical Industry Co. , Ltd. ... Can supply Oilfield Chemicals: Sodium bromate 1. Usage: Strong oxidizer, mainly used as printing assistant and perm agent in ...
Sodium Bromate molecular formula:NaBrO3 molecular weight:150.9 CAS NO.: 7789-38-0 Usage: This product is a strong oxidant, ...
Many flours and baked goods contain potassium bromate, a carcinogen that has been banned across Europe Submitted by avgd123 on ... Much of the flour sold in the United States has been treated with potassium bromate, which causes the flour to bulk up, ... Read more about Many flours and baked goods contain potassium bromate, a carcinogen that has been banned across Europe ...
The report, titled Global Sodium Bromate Industry 2015, is the result of data gathered from industry experts and a mix of ... Growth and ForecastGlobal industry for Sodium Bromate is a distinctive study encompassing a detailed study of the industry ... Global Sodium Bromate Industry 2015 Market Survey Study Analysis and Overview : Industry Trend, Size, Share, ... 2.2 Sodium Bromate Industry China Market Analysis. 2.2.1 Sodium Bromate China Market Development History. 2.2.2 Sodium Bromate ...
Get contact details of Sodium Bromate Manufacturers, Wholesale Sodium Bromate Exporters, Best Sodium Bromate Traders & ... Business Directory for Sodium Bromate Suppliers in Vadodara - ... Sodium Bromate, Calcium bromide, lithium products, Zinc bromide ...
Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is a known prooxidant and carcinogen. Melatonin is a highly effective antioxidant. Indole-3-propionic ... Melatonin restores the basal level of lipid peroxidation in rat tissues under conditions of exposure to potassium bromate. ... Melatonin restores the basal level of lipid peroxidation in rat tissues under conditions of exposure to potassium bromate (. ...
offers a product line of Encapsulated Sodium Bromate (Encap-SB) breaker products for delayed release, viscosity modifier ... offers a product line of Encapsulated Sodium Bromate (Encap-SB) breaker products for delayed release, viscosity modifier ...
The government yesterday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its presence in ... NEW DELHI -- The government yesterday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its ... "FSSAI has banned potassium bromate. A notification has been issued in this regard. As far as potassium iodate is concerned, it ... CSE had also urged FSSAI to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their ...
... , China supplier of Aromatic Chemicals, Essential Oils, Food Additive, Food Ingredients, Forest ... Potassium Bromate, Manufacturer: Total: 1. Potassium Bromate Cas No. 7758-01-2 ...
Potassium bromate, KBrO3 , is a dough conditioner and oxidizing agent. It causes flour maturation and strengthens the gluten ... Potassium Bromate. What is Potassium Bromate?. Potassium bromate, KBrO3, is a dough conditioner and oxidizing agent. It causes ... Effects of potassium bromate on dough and finished product:. Over-scaling (over-oxidation). Under-scaling (under-oxidation). ... Potassium bromate is a slow-acting oxidizing agent used in straight or no-time dough systems. These rely on mechanical dough ...
Manufacturer and Suppliers of Sodium bromate CAS: 7789-38-0 from Germany, China, United States of America and Japan on ...
The issue that plagues this debatable factor is "bromate." head soccer cheats Bromate is an oxyanion, which inside other words ... Keep track of out for Potassium Bromate. December 2, 2013 Madonna Music Videos News 0 ... What accurately is potassium bromate?. Well split it down. Potassium is a chemical portion that optimum persons are by now ... Even so, there are some circumstances within just which there are residual stages of potassium bromate remaining powering, and ...
Food regulator FSSAI today said it has decided to remove potassium bromate from the list of permitted additives while it is ... The maximum level of use of potassium bromate in flour for bakery is 20 ppm, while that of potassium bromate is 20 ppm in maida ... FSSAI to remove potassium bromate from food additives list. Posted on 24/05/2016. by GURUSAMY F.S.O. VALANGAIMAN BLOCK, ... "A scientific panel had recommended removal of potassium bromate from the list of additives. So we have already decided to take ...
North America affirmed that its entire family of yeast products and dough improvers do not contain ADA or potassium bromate. ...
Examples of bromates include sodium bromate, (NaBrO 3), and potassium bromate, (KBrO 3). Bromates are formed many different ... The bromate anion, BrO− 3, is a bromine-based oxoanion. A bromate is a chemical compound that contains this ion. ... Proposals to reduce bromate formation include: lowering the water pH below 6.0, limiting the doses of ozone, using an alternate ... In laboratories bromates can be synthesized by dissolving Br 2 in a concentrated solution of potassium hydroxide (KOH). The ...
Potassium bromate (KBrO3), is a bromate of potassium and takes the form of white crystals or powder. Potassium bromate is ... California OEHHA Bromate Meets the Criteria for Listing AsiaPulse News: Japans Yamazaki Baking to use potassium bromate in ... when a solution containing potassium bromate and bromide is cooled to 0°C, nearly all bromate will precipitate, while nearly ... Potassium bromate might also be used in the production of malt barley, for which application the U.S. Food and Drug ...
Products with potassium bromate (as of 9/16/2015)*. Amellos Italian Style Raspberry Drop Cookies Amons Kosher Deep Dish Pizza ... Potassium bromate also has the potential to disrupt the genetic material within cells.9 Upon entering the body, potassium ... Carcinogenicity of potassium bromate administered in the drinking water to male B6C3F1 mice and F344/N rats. Toxicol Pathol. 26 ... BROMATE MEETS THE CRITERIA FOR LISTING AS CAUSING CANCER VIA THE AUTHORITATIVE BODIES MECHANISM PACKAGE. Available from: http ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
Bromate is the main cause for concern of ozonation as water treatment method. The amount of bromate produced is influenced by ... BrO3-. An inorganic anion, bromate is tasteless and colourless, with a low volatility. As a moderately strong oxidant, bromate ... Normally, bromate is not found in nature, but it is a water disinfection byproduct. It is formed during ozonation when ozone ...
Potassium bromate definition, a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, KBrO3, used chiefly as an oxidizing agent and as an ...
A wide variety of potassium bromate options are available to you, such as industrial grade, reagent grade. ... Alibaba.com offers 139 potassium bromate products. About 65% of these are halide ( except chloride ), 5% are food additives, ... Geekee food grade Potassium bromate 7758-01-2 Potassium bromate Tablets Potassium bromate Pills ... Food additives Potassium bromate for bread Potassium bromate tablets Potassium bromate Pills ...
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations ...
Potassium bromate definition is - a crystalline salt KBrO3 used chiefly as an oxidizing agent and in improving the baking ... Share potassium bromate Post the Definition of potassium bromate to Facebook Share the Definition of potassium bromate on ... Comments on potassium bromate What made you want to look up potassium bromate? Please tell us where you read or heard it ( ... Dictionary Entries near potassium bromate. potassium amide potassium-argon potassium bisulfate potassium bromate potassium ...
Bro"mate (?), n. Chem. A salt of bromic acid.. © Webster 1913. Bro"mate (?), v.t. Med. To combine or impregnate with bromine; ... Bromate (definition). See all of Bromate, no other writeups in this node. ...
Find bromate analysis articles on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information ... Bromate analysis analysis of bromate in drinking water by hplc and post-column derivatization Bromate is a disinfection by- ... Bromate is a known animal carcinogen and has also been listed as a group 2B toxin: probable human carcinogen. The U.S. EPA ... A byproduct of ozonolysis is the conversion of bromide to bromate (BrO3-), a known carcinogen. Therefore, a need exists to ...
Right now we are looking at food revolutions, like the Tim Noakes ketogenic diet, which you should seriously consider. The saying goes, "You are what you eat." It doesnt say, "You are what you dont eat." That is because health, nutrition, and yes, dieting are as much about what you do eat …. Read More » ...
Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonisation is based on the substances physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment. The Hazard classification and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information.. If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. disodium tetraborate EC no. 215-540-4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005-011-00-4; 005-011-01-1 and 005-011-02-9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance, instead of having the information ...
Cadmium bromate. Regulatory process names 1 IUPAC names 1 Other identifiers 1 ...
Sodium bromate ≥99%; CAS Number: 7789-38-0; EC Number: 232-160-4; Linear Formula: BrNaO3; find Sigma-Aldrich-02151 MSDS, ... Sodium bromate is a commercially available, very stable oxidant. It is much easier to handle than liquid bromine or hypobromous ... acid solutions. The elastic, piezoelectric and dielectric constants of sodium chlorate and sodium bromate (NaBrO3) have been ...
... potassium bromate. Potassium bromate is a dough enhancer that, when used properly, can help breads rise higher and achieve a ... Unfortunately, potassium bromate is also a carcinogen. When it is used in just the right amounts, all traces will cook off ...
Testing Status of Water disinfection model (Sodium bromate) M970060. CASRN: 7789-38-0. Formula: Br-H-O3.Na. Synonyms/Common ... Sodium bromate (Water disinfection mode). Known Uses. Analytical reagent, water disinfection by-product. Special initiative ... Toxicology Studies of Sodium Bromate (CASRN 7789-38-0) in Genetically Modified (FVB Tg.AC Hemizygous) Mice (Dermal and Drinking ... Toxicology Studies of Sodium Bromate (CASRN 7789-38-0) in Genetically Modified (FVB Tg.AC Hemizygous) Mice (Dermal and Drinking ...
p>The Global Potassium Bromate Industry Report 2015 is a professional and in-depth study on the curre - Market Research Reports ... 1.6 Potassium Bromate Industry Policy Analysis. 1.7 Potassium Bromate Industry News Analysis. Chapter Two Potassium Bromate ... 1.3 Potassium Bromate Application. 1.3.1 2014 Global Potassium Bromate Sales Market Share by Application. 1.4 Potassium Bromate ... Chapter One Potassium Bromate Industry Overview. 1.1 Potassium Bromate Definition. 1.1.1 Potassium Bromate Definition. 1.1.2 ...
Potassium bromate , KBrO3 or BrKO3 , CID 23673461 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification ...
Sodium Bromate, Crystal, Reagent Grade, 100 g. Item # 888602 *bvseo_sdk, java_sdk, bvseo-4.0.0 ...
1 million for new equipment to help reduce bromate, a chemical byproduct of ozonation and a suspected carcinogen, in Windsor ... 1 million for new equipment to help reduce bromate, a chemical byproduct of ozonation and a suspected carcinogen, in Windsor ... "Currently, bromate is the only concern we have," Rossi said. "We highlighted it when we began to see increased bromate levels ... storybar title="Bromate 101″ link=""]. Bromate is a chemical compound formed when ozone reacts with naturally occurring ...
Potassium Bromate Reagent. 500 g. Granular. Each (500g). Retrieving. Clearance . Act quickly! These items have limited quantity ... Potassium Bromate, Solution Laboratory. 500 mL. 0.04 M. Each. Retrieving. Clearance . Act quickly! These items have limited ... Potassium Bromate, Solution Laboratory. 500 mL. 0.04%. Each. Retrieving. Clearance . Act quickly! These items have limited ...
Bromate ion was not detected in O3/H2O2 at the H2O2 dose of 1,000 μM. When the H2O2 dose was lowered to 100 or 10 μM, rapid ... Bromate was not detected during UV irradiation, single addition of H2O2, and UV/H2O2, whereas ozone-based treatments produced ... These processes can achieve higher level of disinfection and organic pollutants removal [9, 10]. However, bromate (. ) ... L. Xie and C. Shang, "A review on bromate occurrence and removal strategies in water supply," Water Science and Technology: ...
L. Xie and C. Shang, "A review on bromate occurrence and removal strategies in water supply," Water Science and Technology: ... M. S. Siddiqui, G. L. Amy, and L. J. McCollum, "Bromate destruction by UV irradiation and electric arc discharge," Ozone: ... T. Ratpukdi, F. Casey, T. Desutter, and E. Khan, "Bromate formation by ozone-VUV in comparison with ozone and ozone-UV: effects ... Bromate Formation Characteristics of UV Irradiation, Hydrogen Peroxide Addition, Ozonation, and Their Combination Processes. ...
sodium Bromate CAS NO: 7789-38-0 Uses: This product is a strong oxidant, mainly used as printing and dyeing auxiliary, hair- ...
A CSE study has shown that 84 per cent of bread samples in Delhi contain residues of potassium bromate and/or potassium iodate ... CSE welcomes FSSAI steps to ban use of potassium bromate A CSE study has shown that 84 per cent of bread samples in Delhi ... Food Standards Food Safety Bread potassium bromate potassium iodate Food Additives Health Effects Centre for Science … Food ... "We welcome the steps initiated by FSSAI to ban potassium bromate and evaluate the use of potassium iodate-we hope a ban on ...
  • In addition, in 1991, California declared bromate a carcinogen under the state s Proposition 65. (curezone.org)
  • In its study, CSE noted that potassium bromate was a Category 2B carcinogen, meaning it could cause cancer, while potassium iodate could trigger thyroid disorders. (wordpress.com)
  • The CSE study had found that 84 per cent of 38 commonly available brands of pre-packaged breads, including pav and buns, tested positive for potassium bromate and potassium iodate. (huffingtonpost.in)
  • A report by NGO Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) said that nearly 84 per cent of 38 commonly available brands of pre-packaged breads, including pav and buns, tested positive for potassium bromate and potassium iodate, banned in many countries as they are listed as "hazardous" for public health. (wordpress.com)
  • According to CSE, potassium bromate typically increases dough strength, leads to higher rising and uniform finish to baked products while potassium iodate is a flour treatment agent. (huffingtonpost.in)
  • The maximum level of use of potassium bromate in flour for bakery is 20 ppm, while that of potassium bromate is 20 ppm in maida (refined wheat flour), if used for bakery. (wordpress.com)
  • CSPI advises consumers to avoid bread, rolls, doughnuts, and cakes that list potassium bromate or bromated flour among their ingredients. (curezone.org)
  • NEW DELHI -- The government yesterday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its presence in bread as causing cancer. (huffingtonpost.in)
  • Potassium bromate, say experts, also helps bread to rise during the baking process, which is why it is a popular additive with local bakers. (wordpress.com)
  • One reason for the US' move to not ban potassium bromate is because it hasn't been completely establised that the additive causes cancer. (wordpress.com)
  • Toxic additives including potassium bromate and azodicarbonamide are both used as leavening agents in pre-packaged bread with their use as a food additive banned by the EU decades ago. (postbrexitcompliance.com)
  • Potassium bromate, KBrO 3 , is a dough conditioner and oxidizing agent. (bakerpedia.com)
  • After a CSE study claimed that bread contains cancer-causing chemicals, Food regulator FSSAI today said it has decided to remove potassium bromate from the list of permitted additives while it is examining evidence against potassium iodate before restricting its use. (wordpress.com)
  • The Food Safety & Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has said it would issue a notification shortly to remove potassium bromate from its food additives list. (wordpress.com)
  • 4 During thermal processing bromate is reduced to bromide, a harmless form of the oxidizer. (bakerpedia.com)
  • However, the baking industry needs to take all necessary actions to reduce any possible bromate residues in the baked goods to safe levels, which a risk analysis conducted by the FDA has established at 20 ppb. (bakerpedia.com)
  • Last month, the regulator had recommended to the Health Ministry removal of potassium bromate from the list of permissible food additives after a study by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). (huffingtonpost.in)
  • After the CSE study, a bread manufacturers' body had said they will stop using controversial potassium bromate and potassium iodate as additives. (huffingtonpost.in)
  • A scientific panel had recommended removal of potassium bromate from the list of additives. (wordpress.com)
  • According to sources, in January FSSAI had decided to remove potassiun bromate from food additives list and had even issued a draft notification. (wordpress.com)
  • Quoting Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Additives) Regulations, 2011, CSE said the maximum level of use of potassium bromate and/or iodate in bread is set at 50 ppm. (wordpress.com)
  • FSSAI has banned potassium bromate. (huffingtonpost.in)
  • CSE had also urged FSSAI to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their routine exposure to Indian population. (huffingtonpost.in)
  • Bread makers say the permissible limit for potassium bromate in bread in the US is higher, at 75 parts per million, in comparison to India's 50 ppm. (wordpress.com)
  • There are health concerns associated with the use of potassium bromate, mainly its reported carcinogenicity in laboratory rats. (bakerpedia.com)
  • The recent study of the Delhi-based Centre for Science & Environment (CSE) on white bread, bun, pav and pizza bread in that city has put the spotlight firmly on potassium bromate, a chemical compound commonly used in baking. (wordpress.com)
  • This makes potassium bromate a viable alternative for the bread industry, since ascorbic acid cannot be used on its own. (wordpress.com)
  • Potassium bromate continues to be under review by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (bakerpedia.com)
  • WASHINGTON - The Center for Science in the Public Interest today petitioned the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to prohibit the use of potassium bromate, which is used to strengthen bread dough. (curezone.org)
  • Among fast-food chains, Burger King, Arby s, and Wendy s use bromate in buns, and Boston Market uses it in its french sandwich bread. (curezone.org)
  • While the US hasn't banned potassium bromate, the European Union and some other countries such as Canada, Brazil, Argentina and China have," says Ashwin Bhadri, chief executive, Equinox Labs, a Mumbai-based food testing and consulting company. (wordpress.com)
  • FDA s limited surveys found that rolls and buns are especially likely to contain high levels of bromate. (curezone.org)
  • In 1992-93 and again in 1998-99, the FDA tested several dozen baked goods and found that many contained bromate at levels considered unsafe by the agency, said Darren Mitchell, a CSPI attorney. (curezone.org)
  • Instead of banning bromate, since 1991 the FDA with only partial success has urged bakers to voluntarily stop using it. (curezone.org)
  • As a result, most California bakers have switched to bromate-free processes. (curezone.org)
  • Coating Place, Inc. offers a product line of Encapsulated Sodium Bromate (Encap-SB) breaker products for delayed release, viscosity modifier applications in hydraulic fracturing situations. (encap.com)
  • In contrast, Interstate Brands Corp. (Wonder, Home Pride), Schmidt Baking Co. (Schmidt, Sunbeam), Tasty Baking Co. (TastyKake), and Martin s still use potassium bromate in some of their products. (curezone.org)
  • Bromate was first found to cause tumors in rats in 1982. (curezone.org)
  • Bromates have been banned in numerous countries, including the United Kingdom in 1990 and Canada in 1994. (curezone.org)
  • However, because the FDA sanctioned the use of bromate before the Delaney clause went into effect in 1958, it is harder for the agency to ban the substance. (curezone.org)
  • Baked goods sold in California would have to bear a cancer warning if they contained more than a certain level of bromate. (curezone.org)
  • Commercial Baking Industry Guide For the Safe Use of Potassium Bromate. (bakerpedia.com)
  • Instead of meeting privately with industry, the FDA should ban bromate immediately. (curezone.org)
  • CSPI charged that the FDA has known for years that bromate causes cancers in laboratory animals, but has failed to ban it. (curezone.org)