Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale: A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Antipsychotic Agents: Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Clozapine: A tricylic dibenzodiazepine, classified as an atypical antipsychotic agent. It binds several types of central nervous system receptors, and displays a unique pharmacological profile. Clozapine is a serotonin antagonist, with strong binding to 5-HT 2A/2C receptor subtype. It also displays strong affinity to several dopaminergic receptors, but shows only weak antagonism at the dopamine D2 receptor, a receptor commonly thought to modulate neuroleptic activity. Agranulocytosis is a major adverse effect associated with administration of this agent.Benzodiazepines: A group of two-ring heterocyclic compounds consisting of a benzene ring fused to a diazepine ring.Haloperidol: A phenyl-piperidinyl-butyrophenone that is used primarily to treat SCHIZOPHRENIA and other PSYCHOSES. It is also used in schizoaffective disorder, DELUSIONAL DISORDERS, ballism, and TOURETTE SYNDROME (a drug of choice) and occasionally as adjunctive therapy in INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY and the chorea of HUNTINGTON DISEASE. It is a potent antiemetic and is used in the treatment of intractable HICCUPS. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p279)Risperidone: A selective blocker of DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTORS and SEROTONIN 5-HT2 RECEPTORS that acts as an atypical antipsychotic agent. It has been shown to improve both positive and negative symptoms in the treatment of SCHIZOPHRENIA.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.DibenzothiazepinesBasal Ganglia Diseases: Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA including the PUTAMEN; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; claustrum; AMYGDALA; and CAUDATE NUCLEUS. DYSKINESIAS (most notably involuntary movements and alterations of the rate of movement) represent the primary clinical manifestations of these disorders. Common etiologies include CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS; NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES; and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Anti-Anxiety Agents: Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Pharmacogenetics: A branch of genetics which deals with the genetic variability in individual responses to drugs and drug metabolism (BIOTRANSFORMATION).Biological Psychiatry: An interdisciplinary science concerned with studies of the biological bases of behavior - biochemical, genetic, physiological, and neurological - and applying these to the understanding and treatment of mental illness.Child Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.Gatekeeping: The controlling of access to health services, usually by primary care providers; often used in managed care settings to reduce utilization of expensive services and reduce referrals. (From BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1999)Infant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Infant, Very Low Birth Weight: An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Selection Bias: The introduction of error due to systematic differences in the characteristics between those selected and those not selected for a given study. In sampling bias, error is the result of failure to ensure that all members of the reference population have a known chance of selection in the sample.Early Medical Intervention: Action taken to reduce susceptibility or exposure to health problems and to detect and treat disease in early stages.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Early Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Akathisia, Drug-Induced: A condition associated with the use of certain medications and characterized by an internal sense of motor restlessness often described as an inability to resist the urge to move.Restless Legs Syndrome: A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.Psychomotor Agitation: A feeling of restlessness associated with increased motor activity. This may occur as a manifestation of nervous system drug toxicity or other conditions.Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced: Abnormal movements, including HYPERKINESIS; HYPOKINESIA; TREMOR; and DYSTONIA, associated with the use of certain medications or drugs. Muscles of the face, trunk, neck, and extremities are most commonly affected. Tardive dyskinesia refers to abnormal hyperkinetic movements of the muscles of the face, tongue, and neck associated with the use of neuroleptic agents (see ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1199)Metoclopramide: A dopamine D2 antagonist that is used as an antiemetic.Glycine Dehydrogenase (Decarboxylating): A PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE dependent enzyme that catalyzes the decarboxylation of GLYCINE with the transfer of an aminomethyl group to the LIPOIC ACID moiety of the GLYCINE DECARBOXYLASE COMPLEX H-PROTEIN. Defects in P-protein are the cause of non-ketotic hyperglycinemia. It is one of four subunits of the glycine decarboxylase complex.Glycine: A non-essential amino acid. It is found primarily in gelatin and silk fibroin and used therapeutically as a nutrient. It is also a fast inhibitory neurotransmitter.Glycine Decarboxylase Complex H-Protein: A LIPOIC ACID-containing protein that plays the pivotal role in the transfer of methylamine groups and reducing equivalents between the three enzymatic components of the glycine decarboxylase complex.Glycine Decarboxylase Complex: A enzyme complex that catalyzes the oxidative DECARBOXYLATION and DEAMINATION of GLYCINE into CARBON DIOXIDE; AMMONIA; NADH; and N5N10-methylenetetrahydrofolate. It is composed of four different component protein components referred to as H, P, L, and T.Aminomethyltransferase: A one-carbon group transferase that transfers lipoamide-linked methylamine groups to tetrahydrofolate (TETRAHYDROFOLATES) to form methylenetetrahydrofolate and AMMONIA. It is one of four components of the glycine decarboxylase complex.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.): A component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with research, overall planning, promoting, and administering mental health programs and research. It was established in 1949.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Curcumin: A yellow-orange dye obtained from tumeric, the powdered root of CURCUMA longa. It is used in the preparation of curcuma paper and the detection of boron. Curcumin appears to possess a spectrum of pharmacological properties, due primarily to its inhibitory effects on metabolic enzymes.

Nonresponding schizophrenia: differentiation by neurological soft signs and neuropsychological tests. (1/180)

Schizophrenia patients have higher scores on neurological soft-signs (NSS) and show greater deficits on a variety of neuropsychological tests than normal control subjects and mixed groups of psychiatric patients. Among chronic schizophrenia patients it is unclear which of these types of deficits most strongly differentiates patients who remain consistently symptomatic in spite of treatment with several conventional neuroleptics (nonresponders) as compared with relapsing chronic schizophrenia patients who improve substantially with treatment (relative responders). In this study, 25 nonresponders and 20 relative responders to conventional neuroleptics were compared on an NSS battery and a limited number of neuropsychological tests, which evaluated deficits influenced by functioning of frontal and nonfrontal brain areas. NSS scores showed the largest difference between relative responders and nonresponders, and statistical analyses suggested that NSS scores were the strongest differentiator between the two groups of chronic schizophrenia patients. Scores differentiating the two groups involved deficits influenced by both frontal and nonfrontal functioning. A predominance of negative symptoms in the current clinical picture was highly correlated with high NSS scores.  (+info)

Fine volumetric analysis of the cerebral ventricular system in schizophrenia: further evidence for multifocal mild to moderate enlargement. (2/180)

We used traditional volumetric regional analysis and a finer anterior-posterior (AP) profile volumetric analysis to examine the cerebral ventricular system in an all-male, demographically matched sample of schizophrenia patients (n = 73) and normal controls (n = 29) using 2.8-mm-thin coronal T1-weighted magnetic resonance images from a 1.5 tesla scanner. Traditional regional analysis was performed on various regions using absolute volumes after adjusting for intracranial volume (ICV) and age. The fine AP profile analysis was done by intrasubject "stacking" of contiguous coronal cross-sectional volumes (adjusted for ICV and age) across the AP plane, intersubject AP alignment of all slices relative to the mammillary bodies, and plotting of slice volumes along the AP plane with 95 percent t-test-based confidence intervals. Schizophrenia subjects had mild to moderate multifocal ventricular enlargement (overall effect size d = 0.48), which was especially prominent in the right posterior temporal horn and, more generally, in the central to posterior portions of the lateral and third ventricles. Schizophrenia subjects also had milder enlargement in the left frontal horn, but no significant differences were found in the anterior temporal horns and the right frontal horn. Post hoc analyses of demographic, clinical, and neuropsychological variables did not account for much variance in the ventriculomegaly observed in the schizophrenia group. The lack of a single locus in the observed ventricular enlargement, the nonsignificant results from schizophrenia subtypes based on regional distributions, and the strong positive correlations among the ventricular regions for the schizophrenia group suggest that the ventriculomegaly seen in this chronic population reflects a single brainwide disease process leading to a multifocal or patchy loss of integrity in brain structure.  (+info)

Community-based psychosocial rehabilitation and prospective change in functional, clinical, and subjective experience variables in schizophrenia. (3/180)

In a previous study, we found that the intensity, specificity, and longitudinality of community-based psychosocial rehabilitation services were related to superior functional outcomes for individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to assess the degree to which the intensity and longitudinality of services were related to improvements in subjective experience and clinical outcomes, and to examine the relationships among prospective changes in functional, clinical, and subjective experience variables. One hundred seventy-two individuals diagnosed with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were followed for 36 months in three distinct models of community-based care. Functional, clinical, and subjective experience outcome data were gathered every 6 months over a 3-year period. Data were analyzed using hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and P-technique factor analysis. The results indicated that (1) greater service intensity and the longitudinality of services were associated with improvement in client self-esteem; (2) there was evidence for three distinct factors of prospective rehabilitative change that corresponded to the conceptual domains of clinical, functional, and subjective experience outcomes; and (3) there was no differential program impact on symptom levels or the intrapsychic deficits. In addition, the three-factor model of outcome consisting of functional change, clinical change, and subjective experience change was similar to Strauss and Carpenter's "open-linked" system of outcome in schizophrenia. The implications of these findings for research and practice in the area of community-based rehabilitation for individuals with schizophrenia are discussed.  (+info)

The blunted plasma cortisol response to apomorphine and its relationship to treatment response in patients with schizophrenia. (4/180)

The adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol responses to apomorphine (APO), a direct acting dopamine (DA) agonist, have been reported to be significantly blunted in neuroleptic-free patients with schizophrenia (SCH). This study primarily examined the cortisol, but also the prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH), response to APO in patients with SCH compared to normal controls, as well as the relationship between endocrine measures and response to antipsychotic drug treatment. APO, 0.01 mg/kg, or placebo was administered to 51-98 patients with SCH and 15-25 normal controls. Psychopathology was assessed at the baseline and six weeks after drug treatment. The plasma cortisol response to APO was markedly blunted in patients with SCH compared to normal controls. Patients who responded to six weeks of treatment with antipsychotic drugs had a higher cortisol response to APO compared to non-responders. The plasma GH, but not PRL, response to APO was blunted in male patients with SCH. Neither plasma GH nor PRL responses to APO were related to treatment response at six weeks. These results provide further evidence of dopaminergic dysfunction in SCH. Furthermore, the APO-stimulated cortisol response may be predictive of subsequent clinical response to antipsychotic drug treatment.  (+info)

Serum IL-1beta, sIL-2R, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha in schizophrenic patients, relation with symptomatology and responsiveness to risperidone treatment. (5/180)

Activation of the inflammatory response system and varied levels of cytokines in acute schizophrenia have been suggested by recent studies. Psychopharmacologic agents can differentially effect cytokine production, which suggests that therapeutic function of neuroleptics may involve immunomodulation. The present study was carried out to examine: (i) serum concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1beta, soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R), IL-6, IL-8 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in schizophrenic patients; (ii) their relation with psychopathological assessment; and (iii) the relation of the initial cytokine levels with responsiveness to risperidone therapy. Thirty-four drug-free schizophrenic patients with acute exacerbation and 23 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were recruited for this study. Psychopathological assessments at admission and throughout risperidone treatment for 60 days were recorded. Serum cytokine concentrations were determined with chemilumunescence assays. According to our results, serum IL-1beta, sIL-2R, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha concentrations adjusted for age, gender, body mass index and smoking were no different in patients with schizophrenia and controls and among subtypes of schizophrenia. However, the initial TNF-alpha concentrations had a significant effect on Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and Scale Assessment of Positive Symptoms scores. The initial cytokine concentrations of the patients responsive to risperidone were not significantly different from those of non-responsive patients. The present study demonstrates that plasma levels of IL-1beta, sIL-2R, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha adjusted for confounding factors are not altered in drug-free schizophrenic patients at acute exacerbation. We suggest that, if cytokine production is altered in schizophrenia, these alterations may not be detectable in systemic circulation. According to our results, the therapeutic effect of risperidone is not related to basal levels of the aforementioned cytokines. However, serum TNF-alpha may contribute to symptomatology in schizophrenia  (+info)

Factor structure of Bech's version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale in Brazilian patients. (6/180)

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the factor structure of Bech's version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), translated into Portuguese. The BPRS was administered to a heterogeneous group of psychiatric inpatients (N = 98) and outpatients (N = 62) in a University Hospital. Each patient was evaluated from one to eight times. The interval between consecutive interviews was one week for the inpatients and one month for the outpatients. The results were submitted to factorial analysis. The internal consistency of the total scale and of each factor was also estimated. Factorial analysis followed by normalized orthogonal rotation (Varimax) yielded four factors: Withdrawal-Retardation, Thinking Disorder, Anxious-Depression and Activation. Internal consistency measured by Cronbach's alpha coefficient ranged from 0.766 to 0.879. The data show that the factor structure of the present instrument is similar to that of the American version of the BPRS which contains 18 items, except for the absence of the fifth factor of the latter scale, Hostile-Suspiciousness.  (+info)

Mood stabilisers plus risperidone or placebo in the treatment of acute mania. International, double-blind, randomised controlled trial. (7/180)

BACKGROUND: Few double-blind trials have examined the efficacy of a combination of a mood stabiliser and an atypical antipsychotic in acute mania. AIMS: To determine the efficacy of risperidone in combination with a mood stabiliser in acute mania. METHOD: Patients taking a mood stabiliser were randomised to 3 weeks' treatment with risperidone (n=75) or placebo (n=76). RESULTS: Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) scores improved rapidly with significantly greater reductions at week 1 in the risperidone group compared with the placebo group. At end-point YMRS scores decreased by 14.5 and 10.3 points in the risperidone and placebo groups, respectively. Significant improvements v. placebo (P<0.05) were noted in the risperidone group on several other clinically meaningful measures. Additionally, a post hoc analysis excluding carbamazepine-treated patients (plasma concentrations of risperidone active moiety were 40% lower in this group) revealed significantly greater reductions (P=0.047) in YMRS scores in the risperidone group than in the placebo group. Incidence of adverse events was similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Risperidone is superior to placebo when used in combination with lithium or divalproex in acute mania.  (+info)

The relationship of clinical factors and environmental opportunities to social functioning in young adults with schizophrenia. (8/180)

This study used data from the long-term experimental evaluation of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) to examine the clinical and situational contributors to social functioning in people with schizophrenia. Subjects were 87 young adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Data from two time points, 6 months apart, were used to test models predicting five social outcomes (network size, network reciprocity, sociosexual contact, satisfaction with social relationships, and loneliness) from positive symptoms, work involvement, living situation, and residential mobility. Results indicated that (1) work involvement was associated with larger network sizes over a 6-month period; (2) experiencing an increase in positive symptoms over a 6-month period was associated with the loss of reciprocal network ties, a lessening of satisfaction with social relationships, and an increase in loneliness; and (3) neither living situation nor moving frequently was associated with later social outcomes. These findings suggest strong support for the role of short-term changes in positive symptoms and modest support for the role of work involvement in social outcome.  (+info)

An overview of rating scales used in dementia research Sandoz Clinical Assessment Geriatric (SCAG), Gottfries Brane Steen (GBS), Nurses Observation Scale for Geriatric Patients (NOSGER), ADAS Cog, Syndrom Kurztest (SKT), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Information-Concentration-Memory (ICM), Mattis Dementia Rating Scale, Severe Impairment Battery (SIB), Clinician s Global Impressions Severity of Illness scale (CGIS), Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR), Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), FDA Clinician s Interview-Based Impression of Change (CIBIC), Clinicians Interview Based Impression of Change-Plus (CIBIC+), CIBI (Parke-Davis), ADCS-CGIC, NYU CIBIC+, ADAS non-cognitive subscale, Behavior Rating Scale for Dementia of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for AD (CERAD BRSD), Behavioral Pathology in AD scale (BEHAVE-AD), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), Cohen Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI), Instrumental Activities of Daily living (IADL), ...
An overview of rating scales used in dementia research Sandoz Clinical Assessment Geriatric (SCAG), Gottfries Brane Steen (GBS), Nurses Observation Scale for Geriatric Patients (NOSGER), ADAS Cog, Syndrom Kurztest (SKT), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Information-Concentration-Memory (ICM), Mattis Dementia Rating Scale, Severe Impairment Battery (SIB), Clinician s Global Impressions Severity of Illness scale (CGIS), Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR), Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), FDA Clinician s Interview-Based Impression of Change (CIBIC), Clinicians Interview Based Impression of Change-Plus (CIBIC+), CIBI (Parke-Davis), ADCS-CGIC, NYU CIBIC+, ADAS non-cognitive subscale, Behavior Rating Scale for Dementia of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for AD (CERAD BRSD), Behavioral Pathology in AD scale (BEHAVE-AD), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), Cohen Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI), Instrumental Activities of Daily living (IADL), ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ziprasidone in black patients with schizophrenia. T2 - Analysis of four short-term, double-blind studies. AU - Lawson, William B.. AU - Herman, Barry K.. AU - Loebel, Antony. AU - Lazariciu, Irina. AU - Malik, Mansoor. PY - 2009/1/1. Y1 - 2009/1/1. N2 - Objective: To better understand the efficacy and tolerability of atypical antipsychotics among racial groups, we reviewed data from four short-term (4-6 weeks), fixed-dose, placebo-controlled trials of ziprasidone for black, white, and overall populations of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Efficacy of ziprasidone in the black, white, and overall schizophrenic populations was compared to placebo using standard efficacy measures (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale [PANSS] total, PANSS negative, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale [BPRS], Clinical Global Impression-Severity [CGI-S], CGI-Improvement [CGI-I]). Results: Black patients receiving ziprasidone demonstrated statistically significant improvements from baseline in PANSS ...
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a Comprehensive Psycho-Educational Approach and Scheme Set (COMPASS) for patients with schizophrenia who were treated with risperidone long-acting injectable (RLAI), on their psychiatric symptoms, drug attitudes, and treatment satisfaction levels. Participants were sixty-five patients at thirteen hospitals in Japan who met ICD-10 F2 criteria for schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder and were treated with RLAI. A correlational study design was used to measure the effect of the COMPASS on the psychiatric symptoms, drug attitudes, and treatment satisfaction levels of patients treated with RLAI. Using the following evaluation indicators: The Subjective Satisfaction to Treatment Scale (SSTS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), Drug-Induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms Scale (DIEPSS), and Drug Attitude Inventory-10 (DAI-10), measurements were taken at the beginning of the program (baseline), at
Data were extracted on patients, drug regimens, study characteristics, and outcomes (including mean change from baseline on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale [BPRS] and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms; extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) [number of patients needing ≥1 dose of antiparkinsonian medication]; and dropouts). ...
Barnsley Hospital has recently installed Radiometers AQT90 FLEX analyzer in its emergency department, where it is enabling rapid assessment of patients presenting with chest pain.
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CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The difficulties inherent in obtaining con-sistent and adequate diagnoses for the pur-poses of research and therapy have been pointed out by a number of authors. Pasamanick12 in a recent article viewed the low interclinician agreement on diagnosis as an indictment of the present state of psychiatry and called for the development of objective, measurable and verifiable criteria of classification based not on per-sonal or parochial considerations, but- on behavioral and other objectively measurable manifestations. Attempts by other investigators to subject clinical observations and judgments to ob-jective measurement have resulted in a wide variety of psychiatric rating ~ c a l e s. ~ J ~ These have been well summarized in a re-view article by Lorr l1 on Rating Scales and Check Lists for the E v a 1 u a t i o n of Psychopathology. In the area of psy-chological testing, a variety of paper-and-pencil tests have been devised
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Treatment with conventional antipsychotics such as haloperidol has little effect or may sometimes even worsen negative symptoms (such as blunted affect, emotional withdrawal, and poor rapport) of schizophrenia. The newer atypical antipsychotics agents, such as olanzapine, have shown improvement in the treatment of negative symptoms in acute trials. The purpose of this study is to compare an investigational compound (asenapine) with a marketed agent (olanzapine) in the treatment of stable subjects with persistent negative symptoms of schizophrenia for 6 months. Patients completing this study may be eligible to participate in an extension 6 months of treatment. Patients are required to have stable symptoms prior to entry into study ...
Evidence is accumulating for a possible role of nitric oxide (NO) in schizophrenia. Adrenomedullin (AM) induces vasorelaxation by activating adenylate cyclase and also by stimulating the release of NO. AM immune reactivity is present in the brain consistent with a role as neurotransmitter. We aimed to examine plasma levels of nitrite (a metabolite of NO) and AM in schizophrenic patients. Eighty-two patients with schizophrenia and 21 healthy control subjects were included in this study. DSM-IV diagnosis of chronic schizophrenia was established on the basis of independent structured clinical interviews and review of records by two qualified psychiatrists which included the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), The Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) and The Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS ...
A decision-tree simulation model is used to examine the costs associated with olanzapine versus haloperidol in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia in the UK. Parameter values and outcome scores were derived mainly from an international clinical trial. Resource consequences were examined on the basis of assumed service delivery and actual unit costs specific to the UK. While olanzapine is more expensive to prescribe than haloperidol, it generates savings by reducing utilisation of medical services. As a result, a comparison of the 2 drugs is approximately cost neutral. Model uncertainties are examined using extensive sensitivity analysis; in most scenarios, cost-neutral results are maintained. Olanzapine is more effective than haloperidol as measured by Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale scores and non-relapse rates. With such gains in effectiveness and near equivalence in terms of costs, olanzapine, in comparison with haloperidol, may represent a cost-effective treatment option.. ...
The negative symptoms of schizophrenia represent an important dimension of psychopathology, and reflect the absence or diminution of normal behaviours and functions. They include deficiencies in emotional responsiveness, drive, and emotional and social engagement. Persistent negative symptoms are held to account for much of the long-term morbidity and poor functional outcome in patients with established schizophrenia, but if they prove resistant to antipsychotic medication there is a very limited evidence base regarding specific treatments. The aim of this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial is to establish the clinical and cost effectiveness of an SSRI antidepressant, citalopram, in the management of negative symptoms of schizophrenia over a year. The study sample will be adults with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, clinically stable for 3 months with a consistent antipsychotic regimen, and characterised by persistent negative symptoms to a criterion level of severity ...
Intelligent point of care devices for biochemical assays laboratory to reduce on diagnostic waiting times, including the AQT immuno-coagulation analyser, the first of its kind in the region ...
Background: Many studies have indicated that excess free radical formation may be involved in the pathogenesis of patients with schizophrenia. Some investigators suggested that the use of free radical scavengers might provide improvement in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and to evaluate the side effects of extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb) plus haloperidol in chronic, treatment-resistant inpatients with schizophrenia. Method: One hundred nine patients meeting DSM-III-R criteria for schizophrenia completed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of EGb plus haloperidol. Fifty-six of the patients were randomly assigned to receive a fixed dose of 360 mg/day of EGb plus a stable dose of haloperidol, 0.25 mg/kg/day, and 53 were assigned to receive placebo plus the same dose of haloperidol for 12 weeks. Patients were assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), and the Scale ...
This multisite study was conducted to compare the efficacy and tolerability of combination treatment with clozapine plus aripiprazole versus combination treatment with clozapine plus haloperidol in patients with schizophrenia who do not have an optimal response to clozapine. Patients continued to take clozapine and were randomly assigned to receive daily augmentation with aripiprazole or haloperidol. Physicians prescribed the allocated treatments according to usual clinical care. Withdrawal from allocated treatment within 3 months was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included severity of symptoms on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and antipsychotic subjective tolerability on the Liverpool University Neuroleptic Side Effect Rating Scale. A total of 106 patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to treatment. After 3 months, we found no difference in the proportion of patients who discontinued treatment between the aripiprazole and haloperidol groups (13.2% vs 15.1%, P = 0.780). The 3
The complaint (full text) in Nikolao v. Lyon, (ED MI, filed 7/7/2016), alleges that HHS has furnished local employees with a "Religious Waiver Note" providing them guidance on how to convince those with religious objections to nevertheless allow their children to be immunized. Plaintiff, a Catholic, contends that the Note contains misrepresentations about Catholic beliefs as to vaccination. She alleges further that when she went to the Wayne County health department to obtain certification of her religious objections, employees insisted that she needed to declare what religion she practices, explain her religious beliefs, and engage in a back and forth discussion with the ... nurse concerning her religious objection...." The complaint goes on ...
We recognize that, were respondent a fit parent entitled to the control and custody of her children, MCL 333.9215(2) would undoubtedly allow her to forego the immunization of her children otherwise required by the Public Health Code on the grounds of a religious objection. However, this provision is inapplicable on the present facts for the simple reason that the children are not being immunized as a result of provisions in the Public Health Code.... [R]ather, ... the court exercised its broad authority to enter dispositional orders for the welfare of a child under its jurisdiction ...
ID A0A1U9NAH2_9GAMM Unreviewed; 119 AA. AC A0A1U9NAH2; DT 07-JUN-2017, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 07-JUN-2017, sequence version 1. DT 11-DEC-2019, entry version 9. DE RecName: Full=Cell division protein FtsL {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00910}; GN Name=ftsL {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00910}; GN ORFNames=B0D95_10625 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AQT60495.1}; OS Cellvibrio sp. PSBB023. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Cellvibrionales; OC Cellvibrionaceae; Cellvibrio; unclassified Cellvibrio. OX NCBI_TaxID=1945512 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AQT60495.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000189646}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AQT60495.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000189646} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=PSBB023 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AQT60495.1, RC ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000189646}; RA Peterson S.W.; RL Submitted (FEB-2017) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. CC -!- FUNCTION: Essential cell division protein. May link together the CC upstream cell division proteins, which are ...
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Our Services Administer the QbTest, an objective measurement of the core symptoms of ADHD Obtain psychiatric rating scale assessments, including Vanderbilts, symptom checklists and questionnaires For some patients we administer CNS Vital Signs, a neuropsychological testing battery to evaluate the neurocognitive status and functions of the brain, including simple motor performance, attention.. re: "Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize," by GE Séralini et al, published in Food and Chemical Toxicology 2012, 50(11), 4221-31 Your decision [1] to retract the paper is in clear violation of the international ethical norms as laid down by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), of which FCT is a member.. home neurofeedback equipment Greenville, SC BrainMaster is your single source provider for biofeedback and neurofeedback equipment and software, QEEG, assessment tools, Live Z-Score Training, games and accessories. Main Navigation Homeqeeg ...
Optimize the patient workflow and improve patient care with Radiometers AQT90 FLEX immunoassay analyser placed in emergency departments at the point of care
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Despite accusations that they are "killers of the sick and elderly," a growing number of B.C. health-care workers are resisting a mandatory flu shot, arguing that it is an issue of personal choice. And now, a union representing thousands of health-care workers in the province, is telling them they have a right to opt out, even if that potentially works against public health efforts to stop the spread of the disease ...
In psychotic disorders, early intervention with antipsychotic medications increases the likelihood of favourable long-term course. However, the pharmacologic management especially with conventional antipsychotic medications is complicated by a high rate of adverse effects including sexual dysfunction. This study aims to determine the demographic and clinical factors associated with sexual dysfunction among male psychiatric outpatients on conventional antipsychotic medications in South-western Nigeria. Two hundred and seventy five consecutive male outpatients with psychotic disorders on conventional antipsychotic medications were interviewed. Data was collected on demographic characteristics, illness-related and medication-related variables. Illness severity was assessed with the Brief psychiatric rating scale. The International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire was used to assess for sexual dysfunctions. A total of 111 (40.4%) respondents had one or more forms of sexual dysfunction. Sexual desire
The 2nd edition of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-2) is a useful screening tool for cognitive impairment in adults. Contact PAR for more information.
What does Medical & Science CGI-I stand for? Hop on to get the meaning of CGI-I. The Medical & Science Acronym /Abbreviation/Slang CGI-I means Clinical Global Impression Improvement. by AcronymAndSlang.com
Clinicians involved in medical errors are often referred to as "second victims" because they can experience persistent negative effects such as guilt, embarrassment, self-doubt and fear that can have serious consequences on their well-being, work performance and patient safety. Researchers conducted an electronic survey of 575 members of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management, including risk managers, executives, patient safety officers, directors of quality and compliance officers, to ascertain how they would characterize the structure and performance of their provider support program, if a program was available. Investigators found that while 74 percent of health care organizations maintain a support ...
On Oct. 6, the Trump administration rolled back a crucial piece of the Affordable Care Act so that any employer can now claim a moral or religious objection to
Justia columnist Vikram David Amar and Justia guest columnist Alan Brownstein, both U.C., Davis law professors, comment on the recent controversy regarding Department of Health and Human Services regulations regarding the extent to which employees of religious organizations must be provided with insurance coverage for contraceptive services, as part of the insurance they obtain through their employment; and on President Obamas proposed compromise. With Obamas proposal drawing fire from both sides, Amar and Brownstein describe the framework in which they contend that the issue should be analyzed. Acknowledging both the serious religious liberty interest here and the value to many women of insurance that provides contraceptive access, Amar and Brownstein note that often, acknowledging such an interest also confers a benefit on the religious organization or person. (For instance, a true conscientious objector gains the benefit of not having to go to war, despite his sincerity and despite his not seeking
Negative Symptoms - MedHelps Negative Symptoms Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Negative Symptoms. Find Negative Symptoms information, treatments for Negative Symptoms and Negative Symptoms symptoms.
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The bacteria were selected by high through put screening based on their capacity to form a biofilm and to produce lactic acid, which decreases local pH, helping to limit the development of undesirable microorganisms that may form persistent negative bioflms. Once the best bacteria were selected, scientists worked on the formulation of the product to optimize its adhesion characteristics and ensure optimal coverage when applied by spraying on various farm surfaces.. The use of a positive biofilm solution appears as a preventive approach that complements efficient cleaning and disinfection processes. It helps establish a safer microbial environment before the entry of the animals and, thus, contributes to improved hygiene conditions.. Source : Lallemand Animal Nutrition. ...
Objective: The aim of this study was to construct a rating scale to predict long-term outcome on the basis of clinical and sociodemographic characteristics in patients with symptoms of psychosis who seek psychiatric help for the first time. Method: Patients (N = 153) experiencing their first episode of psychosis (DSM-IV schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, schizoaffective disorder, brief psychotic episode, delusional disorder, affective psychosis with mood-incongruent delusions, or psychotic disorder not otherwise specified or being actively psychotic) were consecutively recruited from 17 psychiatric clinics in Sweden from January 1996 through December 1997 (24 months). Baseline characteristics were assessed with an extensive battery of psychiatric rating scales; duration of untreated psychosis, premorbid characteristics, and cognitive functioning were also assessed. The relationship between baseline characteristics and the 5-year outcome was analyzed using a stepwise logistic regression ...
An anonymous reader writes In a legislative first, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on Monday that for-profit companies can, in essence, hold religious views. Given the Supreme Courts earlier decisions granting corporations the right to express political support through monetary donations, this ruling...
Democrats see a political winner in the stinging defeat they suffered when the Supreme Court ruled that businesses with religious objections may deny coverage for contraceptives under President Barack Obamas health care ...
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The AAP wishes to underscore its recognition of the important role of religion in the personal, spiritual, and social lives of many individuals and cautions physicians and other health care professionals to avoid unnecessary polarization when conflict over religious practices arises. Pediatricians should seek to make collaborative decisions with families whenever possible and should take great care when considering seeking authority to override parental preferences. Nevertheless, physicians who believe that parental religious convictions interfere with appropriate medical care that is likely to prevent substantial harm or suffering or death should request court authorization to override parental authority or, under circumstances involving an imminent threat to a childs life, intervene over parental objections. When caring for children whose prognoses are grave even with treatment, physicians should use restraint in pursuing a court order to initiate or continue treatment when parents object to ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Mini-Mental State Exam, Mini-Mental Status Exam, Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam, Folstein MMSE, MMSE.
Education does not equally influence all the Mini Mental State Examination subscales and items: inferences from a Brazilian community sample ...
Objective: Mini-mental state examination, a nonspecific measure of global cognitive function, and the clock drawing test, a very concise and specific measure of cognitive function, are among the most widely used screening tests for cognitive dysfunction. The present research aimed to examine the correspondence between MMSE and CDT scores. Methods: A total of ...
The authors examined the association of blood pressure with cognitive function as assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination MMSE in a community-based Swedish cohort of 1,736 people aged 75-101 years. Age, sex, education, antihypertensive medication use, heart disease, and stroke were considered as covariates. Multiple linear regression...
I am happy to say that the Harris County Clerks office, though run by a Republican, resolved the matter neatly by assigning deputy clerks who have religious objections to gay marriages to tasks other than, uh, paperwork for gay marriages. Harris County Clerk Stan Stanart has let it be known that there are only three (3) such religious recalcitrants among his clerks, so its not a very big problem. In any case, Harris Countys very large gay population are marrying each other at a steady clip, with few ...
I try my best to stay away from cliches when writing reviews. But, with the app that I am gonna review today, it is imperative that I use the old adage: a picture is worth a thousand words. Its so very true, and in this age of chronic attention deficit syndrome, pictures are the easiest way to convey the message to your audience.. But what if a picture isnt by itself enough to get the message across and there is something more youve got to say? Not everyone is good at understanding the subtext behind a visual, and this requires you to explicitly spell out whats on your mind. ThingLink is an app that helps you bring life to your images by associating relevant multimedia content to them. Lets go check it out!. Like the article? You should subscribe and follow us on twitter.. ...
Bupropion is a catecholamine reuptake inhibitor and also a potent noncompetitive ion channel site antagonist at the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Bupropion is indicated for use in combination with behavioral modification programs for smoking cessation. There have been a few studies about the effect of bupropion on smoking cessation in schizophrenia. Therefore, we aimed investigated the change of the symptomatology after smoking cessation with bupropion in the patients with schizophrenia.. There were fifty-six patients with smoking in the psychiatric ward of Hapcheon Korea Hospital. among them, thirty-nine inpatients meeting the DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia were recruited. for 4 weeks, treatment team persuaded the patients to enter the program of smoking cessation. with the exception, if the patients did not agree the program, the patients were able to be transferred to another ward that smoking was permitted. All patients agreed to the program. Postive and Negative Symptom Scale ...
In the whole world prior to Galileos conflict with the Church, the majority of educated people subscribed either to the Aristotelian geocentric view that the earth was the center of the universe and that all heavenly bodies revolved around the Earth,[68] or the Tychonic system that blended geocentrism with heliocentrism.[69]. Opposition to heliocentrism and Galileos writings combined scientific and religious objections. Scientific opposition came from Tycho Brahe and others and arose from the fact that, if heliocentrism were true, an annual stellar parallax should be observed, though none was. Copernicus and Aristarchus had correctly postulated that parallax was negligible because the stars were so distant. However, Tycho had countered that, since stars appeared to have measurable angular size, if the stars were that distant and their apparent size was due to their physical size, they would be far larger than the Sun. (In fact, it is not possible to observe the physical size of distant stars ...
Unfortunately not all Alcor members can be reached at the moment their heart stops. In cases of sudden illness or serious injury, blood circulation may stop for hours before any cryonics procedures are possible. If a physician determines that an Alcor member in cardiac arrest cannot be resuscitated by current technology (i.e. declares legal death), the most important actions are administration of heparin (a drug that prevents blood clotting) followed by chest compressions to circulate the heparin, cooling with ice, and prompt shipment on ice to Alcor. Alcor will cooperate with local funeral directors in making these arrangements. Alcor will also negotiate with authorities to limit the extent of any autopsy that may be required. (Alcor recommends that all members execute a Religious Objection to Autopsy).. The application of cryonics to patients who are clinically dead is perhaps the single most misunderstood aspect of cryonics. How can cryonics help someone who is clinically dead? The answer is ...
On October 6, the Trump administration released an overhaul of federal regulations governing religious objections to the Affordable Care Acts (ACA) contraceptive coverage guarantee. The move had been long expected.
Five hundred and one (258 male, 243 female) participants, mean age 75.7 (range 52-94) years were on the register, of whom 329 (160 men, 169 women) had AD. Of those with AD, 309 had a mean MMSE of 20.5 and mean ACE-R of 57.5 measured with Pearson r = 0.92 between MMSE and ACE-R totals, and the regression equation ACE-R score = 3.0 × MMSE − 4.1. The unique non-MMSE items score correlated with ACE-R total r = 0.40 (16% of ACE-R variance). ...
A new patch for Slant Sixs tactical shooter SOCOM: Confrontation is now available for download. The update brings fixes for spawning and kicking issues, along with bandwidth optimizations to improve online play. ...
CGI Utils. HotScripts Environment Variables from Hot Scripts. CGI Utils is an archive of simple CGI sub routines to help you to create CGI. It contains a sub to display CGIs environment variables and Perl Path,
Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich. Retrieved 2012-01-30.. *^ "Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)" (PDF). Iowa Coalition ... had a greater total on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS),[7] and were treated with a higher mean number of neuroleptic ... American Psychiatric Publishing. p. 199. ISBN 9781585626465.. *^ a b c Raja, M.; Azzoni, A.; Lubich, L. (2000). "Religious ... American Psychiatric Association. 24 (4): 410-426. doi:10.1176/appi.neuropsych.11090214. ISSN 1545-7222. Retrieved March 22, ...
Schopler, E (1998). The childhood autism rating scale (CARS). Western Psychological Services. Yang, Sarah (December 8, 1999). " ... doi:10.1111/j.1651-2227.2002.tb03274.x. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ...
Blacker D (2009). "Psychiatric Rating Scales". In Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, Ruiz P. Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of ... The GAD-7 is a 7-item scale designed to assess symptoms of anxiety. Each item is scored on a 0-to-3 point scale ("not at all" ... The time period assessed by each scale could also be a limitation; the PHQ-9 asks about the last four weeks, whereas the GAD-7 ... A brief version, the Somatic Symptom Scale - 8 was derived from PHQ-15. The development of the PHQ-15 helped address three main ...
"Psychiatric rating scales". Handbook of Clinical Neurology. 106: 227-237. 2012-01-01. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-52002-9.00013-9. ...
"Computerized psychiatric diagnosis in the elderly: AGECAT." Burns, Alistair, Brian Lawlor, Sarah Craig. "Rating scales in old ... "Rating scales in old age psychiatry." Br. J. Psychiatry, Feb 2002; 180: 161 - 167. Chan, Sally W. C., et al. "Quality of Life ... "chinese Geriatric depression scale." . Ho, D. Y. F. (1996). Filial piety and its psychological consequences. In M. H. Bond (Ed ... There is dispute to whether the low-level reported rates are due to differences in culture and traditions. The most common used ...
Types of psychosis in psychiatric disorders may be established by formal rating scales. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale ( ... The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Psychol Rep. 1962;10:799-812. *^ Kay S.R.; Fiszbien A.; Opler L.A. (1987). "The Positive ... "Psychiatric Times. UBM Medica. Retrieved 16 March 2017.. *^ American Psychiatric Association, 1994 The Diagnostic and ... American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV- ...
Types of psychosis in psychiatric disorders may be established by formal rating scales. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale ( ... The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Psychol Rep. 1962;10:799-812 *^ Kay SR, Fiszbein A, Opler LA (1987). "The positive and ... Foster, Norman L. (2011). The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Geriatric Neuropsychiatry. American Psychiatric Pub. ... "Psychiatric Times. UBM Medica. Retrieved 16 March 2017.. *^ Nordqvist C (August 8, 2016). "What Is Schizoaffective Disorder? ...
Instead of accumulating the stressfulness of different events, as was done in the Social Readjustment Rating Scale by Thomas ... Brown, George William; Harris, Tirril (1978). Social origins of depression: A study of psychiatric disorder in women. London: ... ISBN 0-422-76310-1. Holmes, Thomas; Rahe, Richard (1967). "The Social Readjustment Rating Scale". Journal of Psychosomatic ... The event is then rated by "blind" raters using this contextual information. Critics of this method note the fact that the ...
Each item is rated on a scale from 1 (never) to 5 (very frequently). Both of these scales are part of assessing the cycle of ... "Adult Aggression Measures". Aggression: Psychiatric Assessment and Treatment. CRC Press. p. 181. Domestic violence: Screening ... The Index of Spousal Abuse (ISA) is a 30-item self-report scale developed to measure the severity of physical and non-physical ... It was created from the conflict tactics scale, one of the earliest instruments used to identify violence between partners by ...
Publisher's page A list of psychiatric rating scales for depression from Neurotransmitter.net. ... Psychiatry portal Beck Anxiety Inventory Beck Hopelessness Scale Diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry ... In this respect, the BDI-II is positively correlated with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale with a Pearson r of 0.71, ... There is no evidence that the BDI-II is more valid or reliable than other depression scales, and public domain scales such as ...
The social readjustment rating scale. J Psychosom Res 2 : 213, 1967. Ishizuka, Yukio (1988). 'Lifetrack Therapy,' Psychiatric ... Using simple definitions and a subjective 10 point rating scale, he encouraged patients to take five to ten minutes daily to ... Wadier, M., "Psychiatric Software Moves Ahead," American Business, Winter 1986. Hiranmay Karlekar, The Pioneer, www. ... ISBN 4-06-145662-8 C0211 P600E(4) Ishizuka, Y., « Causes of Anxiety and Depression in Marriage, » Psychiatric Ann. 9 :6, June ...
Suicidal Affect-Behavior-Cognition Scale (SABCS)[7]. *Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale ... Psychiatric disorders[edit]. There are several psychiatric disorders that appear to be comorbid with suicidal ideation or ... Has symptoms of a psychiatric disorder (e.g., psychosis, mania, etc.). Outpatient treatment[edit]. Outpatient treatment allows ... Uncapher, H (2000-2001). "Cognitive biases and suicidal ideation in elderly psychiatric inpatients". Omega. 42 (1): 21-36. doi: ...
The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Psychol Rep. 1962;10:799-812 *^ Kay S.R.; Fiszbien A.; Opler L.A. (1987). "The Positive and ... Leweke F.M., Koethe D.. Cannabis and psychiatric disorders: it is not only addiction. Addict Biol. June 2008;13(2):264-75. doi: ... Association, American Psychiatric (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-5 (5th ed. ed.). ... Association, American Psychiatric (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-5 (5th ed. ed.). ...
Types of psychosis in psychiatric disorders may be established by formal rating scales. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale ( ... The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Psychol Rep. 1962;10:799-812 Kay S.R.; Fiszbien A.; Opler L.A. (1987). "The Positive and ... American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV- ... Leweke F.M., Koethe D.. Cannabis and psychiatric disorders: it is not only addiction. Addict Biol. June 2008;13(2):264-75. doi: ...
Williams JB, Link MJ, Rosenthal NE, Amira L, Terman M. Structured interview guide for the Hamilton depression rating scale - ... Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 33 (3): 537-555. doi:10.1016/j.psc.2010.04.005. PMC 2933381 . PMID 20599132. Derubeis, R ... Two commonly used assessments for SAD are the Structured Interview Guide for the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression -Seasonal ... They also found that individual PPT led to greater remission rates than non-PPT treatments plus pharmacotherapy. Self-system ...
Each group was tested on 5 scales - the MMPI K Scale, MMPI L Scale, Death Anxiety Scale, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and ... And if this is true of meaning per se, how much does it hold for Ultimate Meaning?"[24] The American Psychiatric Association ... Crumbaugh, James C. (July 1977). "The seeking of noetic goals test (SONG): A complementary scale to the purpose in life test ( ...
Large scale psychiatric registers in the US and Iceland found incidence rates of 22 and 11 newly diagnosed cases per 100,000 ... Conversion disorder (CD), or functional neurologic symptom disorder, is a diagnostic category used in some psychiatric ... a b Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, American Psychiatric Association ... Some support for the Freudian model comes from findings of high rates of childhood sexual abuse in conversion patients.[43] ...
This may be done with rating scales, such as the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). With measurements like these, ... American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association.. *^ Cybulska Eva M (2006). "Obsessive Compulsive disorder, ... Rating scales such as the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) can be used to assess the severity.[7] Other disorders ... Highlights of Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5 (PDF), American Psychiatric Association, 2013, p. 7, archived (PDF) from the ...
See also: Diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry. Psychiatric diagnoses take place in a wide variety of ... and psychiatric rating scales. A mental status examination is carried out, and a physical examination is usually performed to ... psychiatric nurse practitioners, psychiatric nurses, clinical psychologists, psychotherapists, psychiatric social workers, ... Psychiatric treatments have changed over the past several decades. In the past, psychiatric patients were often hospitalized ...
Self-rating scales, such as the ADHD rating scale and the Vanderbilt ADHD diagnostic rating scale are used in the screening and ... As with many other psychiatric disorders, formal diagnosis should be made by a qualified professional based on a set number of ... Due to the rates of brain maturation and the increasing demands for executive control as a person gets older, ADHD impairments ... Rates of diagnosis and treatment have increased in both the United Kingdom and the United States since the 1970s. This is ...
... and outpatient psychiatric departments. It is designed for adolescents and adults. The EAT-26 is rated on a six-point scale ... with 40 items each rated on a 6-point likert scale. In 1982, Garner and colleagues modified the original version to create an ...
Up to 1.3% of short term psychiatric admissions may be attributable to neurosyphilis, with a much higher rate in the general ... Some of the general tests that may be used are the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. ... "The disease can present with psychiatric symptoms alone, psychiatric symptoms that can mimic any other psychiatric illness". ... Rates of other eating disorders are not clear. Rates of eating disorders appear to be lower in less developed countries. ...
Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry Spitzer RL, ... are a collection of influential psychiatric diagnostic criteria published in late 1970s. As psychiatric diagnoses widely varied ... The RDC is important in the history of psychiatric diagnostic criteria as the DSM-III was based on many of the RDC descriptions ... the purpose of the criteria was to allow diagnoses to be consistent in psychiatric research. Some of the criteria were based on ...
... is a collection of psychiatric diagnostic criteria and symptom rating scales originally published in 1978. It is organized as a ... Most of the items used a four point rating scale. The K-SADS-PL (Present and Lifetime version) is administered by interviewing ... Diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia The ... Most items use a three point rating scale for severity (not present, subthreshold, and threshold-which combines both moderate ...
... and the Child Mania Rating Scale (CMRS). In both the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-5 and the World Health ... Prevalence of children who meet DSM criteria for BD is between 0.1% and 6%,[unreliable medical source?] with an average rate of ... In 1898, a detailed psychiatric case history was published about a 13-year-old that met Jean-Pierre Falret and Jules ... Chronic medication is often needed, with relapses of individuals reaching rates over 90% in those not following medication ...
PET scanning does this using radiolabelled molecular probes that have different rates of uptake depending on the type and ... For scale, see Orders of magnitude (radiation). ... mood disorders and other psychiatric conditions.. *Stereotactic ...
The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) is a rating scale which a clinician or researcher may use to measure psychiatric ... The brief psychiatric rating scale. Psychological Reports 1962 vol. 10, pp799-812. ... Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) Diagnostic classification and rating scales used in psychiatry BPRS online ... Each symptom is rated 1-7 and depending on the version between a total of 18-24 symptoms are scored. The scale is one of the ...
The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Extended (BPRS-E) is a widely used scale for assessing psychiatric symptoms, with a stable ... The Factor Structure of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (Expanded Version) in a Sample of Forensic Psychiatric Patients. van ... For the first time, its usefulness for forensic psychiatric patients was studied by means of an exploratory factor analysis on ... Severe behavioral problems, aggression, unlawful behavior, and uncooperativeness make the forensic psychiatric population both ...
J. Ventura, M. F. Green, A. Shaner, and R. P. Liberman, "Training and quality assurance with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale ... A. Hafkenscheid, "Psychometric evaluation of a standardized and expanded Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale," Acta Psychiatrica ... Comparing Parkinsons Psychosis Questionnaire with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale in a Portuguese Sample. I. Cargaleiro,1 M ... H. H. Fernandez, D. Aarsland, G. Fénelon et al., "Scales to assess psychosis in Parkinsons disease: critique and ...
Clinical utilization of the rating scale of mixed states (GT-MSRS) in a psychiatric inpatient unit: a retrospective study. ... and confirmed by the diagnosis of mixed states rated with the scale. The scale can be a useful instrument to detect early in ... For this reason, we analyzed retrospective data from patients admitted in the Psychiatric Hospital from January 1st to April ... 30th 2019 to identify clinical features of the mixed states by administering the G.T. MSRS scale. Within the 90 subjects of the ...
This is the second part of the afternoon module and today we will look at some aspects of rating scales and... ... Basic epidemiological principles in psychiatry and psychiatric rating scales. Sean Lynch. Research Methodology and Epidemiology ... Michigan Severity Rating Scales: -. solving the puzzle of service delivery time. michigan severity rating scales tools ... Basic epidemiological principles in psychiatry and psychiatric rating scales - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. ...
... and Validation of Brief Psychiatric Rating Scales ... Additional research is required to refine these rating scales ... all participants were administered brief rating scales for depression (the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale ... Psychiatric diagnoses were measured using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) administered by trained ...
Positive and negative syndrome scale14 (derived from brief psychiatric rating scale). 30 item, 7 point severity scale; 7 ... Scales of symptom reduction commonly used in randomised trials. Brief psychiatric rating scale13. 16 item, 7 point severity ... Data on overall symptom scores (brief psychiatric rating scale or positive and negative syndrome scale (box)), quality of life ... whereas Essock et al reported a disadvantage of about 2.7 points on the brief psychiatric rating scale for clozapine. ...
Although psychiatric comorbidity is common among patients with anxiety disorders, its impact on treatment outcome remains ... Mindfulness based cognitive therapy for psychiatric disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. ... of the present work is to review and conduct a meta-analysis of the current findings about the efficacy of MBCT for psychiatric ...
Psychiatric Rating Scales. Two valid, reliable psychiatric rating scales were administered at baseline and at each clinic visit ... Psychiatric Rating Scales. The mean change from baseline in MADRS is depicted in Figure 3 (top), and HAM-A change scores are ... Quit rates in smokers without psychiatric disorders are greater with varenicline than with bupropion (15, 16), with effects ... Whenever possible, all psychiatric scales were administered by the same trained, experienced rater in the same order at all ...
... and a psychiatric disorder."[1] Though it was one of the first anxiety rating scales to be published, the HAM-A remains widely ... The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale is clinician-rated scale that is intended to provide an analysis of the severity of anxiety ... The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) is a psychological questionnaire used by clinicians to rate the severity of a ... The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale is composed of fourteen items. On the scale, each item is presented in a specific format. ...
Results of search for su:{Psychiatric status rating scales.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ... Psychiatric instruments and rating scales : a select bibliography / Royal College of Psychiatrists Library.. by Royal College ... Measuring disease : a review of disease-specific quality of life measurement scales / Ann Bowling.. by Bowling, Ann ...
Comparison of parent-completed behavior rating scales: differentiating boys with ADD from psychiatric and normal controls. J ... Conners Parent Rating Scale-Revised Short Form. CRS-R - Conners Rating Scale-Revised. CTRS-R:S - Conners Teacher Rating Scale- ... scale and Conners Rating Scale-Revised (CRS-R) are commonly used behavioral rating scales for diagnosing attention-deficit/ ... Conners Parent Rating Scale-Revised, Conners Teacher Rating Scale-Revised, and Conners Abbreviated Symptom Questionnaire (ASQ ...
29 Symptoms were evaluated using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) total score. 30 administered by senior clinician ... BPRS change scores by GRID2 rs1875705 genotype (95% CI). BPRS, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale; CI, confidence interval. ... The brief psychiatric rating scale. Psychol Rep 1962; 10: 799-812. , Article , ISI , ... Response was measured by change in Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale total score. Risperidone monotherapy was the primary ...
ADHD rating scale IV, autism spectrum screening questionnaire, and childrens global assessment scale in two groups of low ... rating scale IV, autism spectrum screening questionnaire, and childrens global assessment scale. ... ADHD rating scale IV. VLBW adolescents had higher mean attention score and total score than controls, without significant ... Psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses according to DSM-IV, based on in depth psychiatric interview, in two groups of low ...
Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich. Retrieved 2012-01-30.. *^ "Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)" (PDF). Iowa Coalition ... had a greater total on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS),[7] and were treated with a higher mean number of neuroleptic ... American Psychiatric Publishing. p. 199. ISBN 9781585626465.. *^ a b c Raja, M.; Azzoni, A.; Lubich, L. (2000). "Religious ... American Psychiatric Association. 24 (4): 410-426. doi:10.1176/appi.neuropsych.11090214. ISSN 1545-7222. Retrieved March 22, ...
... the positive and negative symptom scale (PANSS)[31], the brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS),[32] or the comprehensive ... We rated risk of bias ratings for each trial (fig 2⇓) using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.[41] No trials were at high risk of ... Psychiatric disorder and dysfunction in the UK National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol2000 ... American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition. American Psychiatric ...
Overall, J. E., & Gorham, D. R. (1962). The brief psychiatric rating scale. Psychological Reports, 10, 799-812. https://doi.org ... Heinrichs, D. W., Hanlon, T. E., & Carpenter, W. T. (1984). The Quality of Life Scale: An instrument for rating the ... Andreasen, N. C. (1984). Scale for the assessment of negative symptoms (SANS). Iowa City: University of Iowa.Google Scholar ... Chapman, J. P., Chapman, L. J., & Kwapil, T. R. (1995). Scales for the measurement of schizotypy. In A. Raine, T. Lencz, & S. A ...
Definition The Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) is a rating scale that was designed in the 1970s to measure ... Source for information on Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale: Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders dictionary. ... Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 2000.. Blacker, Deborah, M.D., Sc.D. "Psychiatric Rating Scales." In ... These items are rated on a five-point scale of severity from 0-4. The scale is rated from 0 (none), 1 (minimal), 2 (mild), 3 ( ...
Over the last two decades the Bech-Rafaelsen Mania Scale (MAS) has been used extensively in trials that have assessed the ... Young mania rating scale. In: Rush AJ, Pincus HA, First MB, editors. Handbook of psychiatric measures. Washington, DC: American ... The mania rating scale: scale construction and inter-observer agreement. Neuropharmacology 1978; 17: 430-1 ... Mini-compendium of rating scale for states of anxiety, depression, mania, schizophrenia with corresponding DSM-III syndromes. ...
Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Barnes test. Stereotypy Checklist Test. DISCUS Tardive Dyskinesia test. ... Akathisia is a movement disorder that is often a side effect of certain psychiatric drugs. People with akathisia are unable to ... in both schizophrenic and MR patients who either have long-term akathisia or who are starting treatment with psychiatric drugs. ... recordings and kinematic analysis of naturally occurring akathisia restlessness movements as well as cognitive and psychiatric ...
Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. *Global Clinical Assessment. Eligibility Criteria. Go to Top of Page Study Description Study ...
Dingemans, P. M. (1990). The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Nurses Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation ( ... Overall, J. E., & Gorham, D. (1962). Brief psychiatric rating scale. Psychological Reports, 10, 799-812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Personality Disorder Assessment Strategy Brief Psychiatric Rate Scale Psychological Assessment Abnormal Psychology ... Hafkenscheid, A. (1991). Psychometric evaluation of a standardized and expanded Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Acta ...
title = "Establishing the cut-off score for aggression on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Excited Component (BPRS-EC) in ... T1 - Establishing the cut-off score for aggression on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Excited Component (BPRS-EC) in ... Establishing the cut-off score for aggression on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Excited Component (BPRS-EC) in ... Establishing the cut-off score for aggression on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Excited Component (BPRS-EC) in ...
The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) is one of the most commonly used measures for assessing psychopathy in patients ... 2018). To use the brief psychiatric rating scale to detect disorganized speech in schizophrenia: Findings from the REAP-AP ... To use the brief psychiatric rating scale to detect disorganized speech in schizophrenia: Findings from the REAP-AP study. ... Clinical implications of Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale scores. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187(4), 366-371. doi: 10.1192/ ...
Psychiatric status rating scales.} and au:Sartorius, Norman. Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ...

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