An agent that blocks the release of adrenergic transmitters and may have other actions. It was formerly used as an antihypertensive agent, but is now proposed as an anti-arrhythmic.
An antihypertensive agent that acts by inhibiting selectively transmission in post-ganglionic adrenergic nerves. It is believed to act mainly by preventing the release of norepinephrine at nerve endings and causes depletion of norepinephrine in peripheral sympathetic nerve terminals as well as in tissues.
Drugs that inhibit the actions of the sympathetic nervous system by any mechanism. The most common of these are the ADRENERGIC ANTAGONISTS and drugs that deplete norepinephrine or reduce the release of transmitters from adrenergic postganglionic terminals (see ADRENERGIC AGENTS). Drugs that act in the central nervous system to reduce sympathetic activity (e.g., centrally acting alpha-2 adrenergic agonists, see ADRENERGIC ALPHA-AGONISTS) are included here.
An indirect sympathomimetic. Tyramine does not directly activate adrenergic receptors, but it can serve as a substrate for adrenergic uptake systems and monoamine oxidase so it prolongs the actions of adrenergic transmitters. It also provokes transmitter release from adrenergic terminals. Tyramine may be a neurotransmitter in some invertebrate nervous systems.
The study of the origin, nature, properties, and actions of drugs and their effects on living organisms.
An alkaloid found in the roots of Rauwolfia serpentina and R. vomitoria. Reserpine inhibits the uptake of norepinephrine into storage vesicles resulting in depletion of catecholamines and serotonin from central and peripheral axon terminals. It has been used as an antihypertensive and an antipsychotic as well as a research tool, but its adverse effects limit its clinical use.
A nicotinic antagonist most commonly used as an experimental tool. It has been used as a ganglionic blocker in the treatment of hypertension but has largely been supplanted for that purpose by more specific drugs.
A nicotinic antagonist that has been used as a ganglionic blocking agent in hypertension.
Compounds containing the hexamethylenebis(trimethylammonium) cation. Members of this group frequently act as antihypertensive agents and selective ganglionic blocking agents.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
An imidazoline sympatholytic agent that stimulates ALPHA-2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and central IMIDAZOLINE RECEPTORS. It is commonly used in the management of HYPERTENSION.
Drugs that selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors.
Compounds that bind to and activate ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 RECEPTORS.
Recurrent or persistent involuntary SPASM of the outer muscles of the VAGINA, occurring during vaginal penetration.
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Inflammation of the vulvar vestibular region at the entrance of the VAGINA, generally involving surface mucosa and submucosal vestibular glands. It is characterized by ERYTHEMA and chronic recurrent pain in this area.
Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.
Compounds or factors that act on a specific enzyme to increase its activity.
Disturbances in sexual desire and the psychophysiologic changes that characterize the sexual response cycle and cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
A condition with recurring discomfort or pain in the URINARY BLADDER and the surrounding pelvic region without an identifiable disease. Severity of pain in interstitial cystitis varies greatly and often is accompanied by increased urination frequency and urgency.
The modification of the reactivity of ENZYMES by the binding of effectors to sites (ALLOSTERIC SITES) on the enzymes other than the substrate BINDING SITES.
A site on an enzyme which upon binding of a modulator, causes the enzyme to undergo a conformational change that may alter its catalytic or binding properties.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.
A muscarinic antagonist used to study binding characteristics of muscarinic cholinergic receptors.
A synthetic nondepolarizing blocking drug. The actions of gallamine triethiodide are similar to those of TUBOCURARINE, but this agent blocks the cardiac vagus and may cause sinus tachycardia and, occasionally, hypertension and increased cardiac output. It should be used cautiously in patients at risk from increased heart rate but may be preferred for patients with bradycardia. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p198)

Corticotropin-releasing hormone mimics stress-induced colonic epithelial pathophysiology in the rat. (1/124)

We examined the effect of stress on colonic epithelial physiology, the role of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), and the pathways involved. Rats were restrained or injected intraperitoneally with CRH or saline. Colonic segments were mounted in Ussing chambers, in which ion secretion and permeability (conductance and probe fluxes) were measured. To test the pathways involved in CRH-induced changes, rats were pretreated with hexamethonium, atropine, bretylium, doxantrazole, alpha-helical CRH-(9-41) (all intraperitoneally), or aminoglutethimide (subcutaneously). Restraint stress increased colonic ion secretion and permeability to ions, the bacterial peptide FMLP, and horseradish peroxidase (HRP). These changes were prevented by alpha-helical CRH-(9-41) and mimicked by CRH (50 microgram/kg). CRH-induced changes in ion secretion were abolished by alpha-helical CRH-(9-41), hexamethonium, atropine, or doxantrazole. CRH-stimulated conductance was significantly inhibited by alpha-helical CRH-(9-41), hexamethonium, bretylium, or doxantrazole. CRH-induced enhancement of HRP flux was significantly reduced by all drugs but aminoglutethimide. Peripheral CRH reproduced stress-induced colonic epithelial pathophysiology via cholinergic and adrenergic nerves and mast cells. Modulation of stress responses may be relevant to the management of colonic disorders.  (+info)

Preventing ventricular fibrillation by flattening cardiac restitution. (2/124)

Ventricular fibrillation is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death. In fibrillation, fragmented electrical waves meander erratically through the heart muscle, creating disordered and ineffective contraction. Theoretical and computer studies, as well as recent experimental evidence, have suggested that fibrillation is created and sustained by the property of restitution of the cardiac action potential duration (that is, its dependence on the previous diastolic interval). The restitution hypothesis states that steeply sloped restitution curves create unstable wave propagation that results in wave break, the event that is necessary for fibrillation. Here we present experimental evidence supporting this idea. In particular, we identify the action of the drug bretylium as a prototype for the future development of effective restitution-based antifibrillatory agents. We show that bretylium acts in accord with the restitution hypothesis: by flattening restitution curves, it prevents wave break and thus prevents fibrillation. It even converts existing fibrillation, either to a periodic state (ventricular tachycardia, which is much more easily controlled) or to quiescent healthy tissue.  (+info)

Effects of forearm bier block with bretylium on the hemodynamic and metabolic responses to handgrip. (3/124)

We tested the hypothesis that a reduction in sympathetic tone to exercising forearm muscle would increase blood flow, reduce muscle acidosis, and attenuate reflex responses. Subjects performed a progressive, four-stage rhythmic handgrip protocol before and after forearm bier block with bretylium as forearm blood flow (Doppler) and metabolic (venous effluent metabolite concentration and (31)P-NMR indexes) and autonomic reflex responses (heart rate, blood pressure, and sympathetic nerve traffic) were measured. Bretylium inhibits the release of norepinephrine at the neurovascular junction. Bier block increased blood flow as well as oxygen consumption in the exercising forearm (P < 0.03 and P < 0.02, respectively). However, despite this increase in flow, venous K(+) release and H(+) release were both increased during exercise (P < 0.002 for both indexes). Additionally, minimal muscle pH measured during the first minute of recovery with NMR was lower after bier block (6.41 +/- 0.08 vs. 6.20 +/- 0.06; P < 0.036, simple effects). Meanwhile, reflex effects were unaffected by the bretylium bier block. The results support the conclusion that sympathetic stimulation to muscle during exercise not only limits muscle blood flow but also appears to limit anaerobiosis and H(+) release, presumably through a preferential recruitment of oxidative fibers.  (+info)

Ciliary ganglion stimulation. II. Neurogenic, intraocular pathway for excitatory effects on aqueous humor production and outflow. (4/124)

Data obtained suggest that preganglionic stimulation of the ciliary ganglion produces an increase of aqueous humor formation and of facility of outflow "C" through the following neurogenic pathway: (1) the preganglionic fibers synapse in the ciliary ganglion as evidenced by depression of the response with nicotine applied topically to the ganglion. (2) The impulse proceeds to the equivalent of an intraocular interneuron which can be blocked by low concentrations of atropine and has been previously identified as being an E-2 receptor site. (3) From the interneuron, activity is ultimately exerted without further synapse on alpha-adrenergic receptors through the release of norepinephrine from the neuronal terminals. The adrenergic mechanism of action is supported by the inhibition of the responses by phenoxybenzamine, bretylium, and guanethidine. Constriction of efferent ciliary process blood vessels by neuron-released norepinephrine seems to be the end effect responsible for the increased production of aqueous humor. The site of the end response to increase "C" is unclear.  (+info)

Effect of destruction of the posterior pituitary on the diuresis from left atrial receptors. (5/124)

1. In anaesthetized dogs, stimulation of atrial receptors after destruction of the pituitary gland results in a diuresis. This response was not abolished by the administration of bretylium tosylate and was also observed in a surgically denervated kidney. 2. The diuresis is qualitatively similar to that observed in anaesthetized dogs with intact pituitary glands. 3. It is concluded that the diuresis which results from stimulation of the left atrial receptors is mediated by a blood-borne agent which is not the antidiuretic hormone.  (+info)

Acute cold exposure induces vagally mediated Fos expression in gastric myenteric neurons in conscious rats. (6/124)

Acute cold exposure-induced activation of gastric myenteric neurons in conscious rats was examined on longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus whole mount preparations. Few Fos-immunoreactive (IR) cells (<1/ganglion) were observed in 24-h fasted rats semirestrained at room temperature. Cold exposure (4 degrees C) for 1-3 h induced a time-related increase of Fos-IR cells in corpus and antral myenteric ganglia with a maximal plateau response (17 +/- 3 and 18 +/- 3 cells/ganglion, respectively) occurring at 2 h. Gastric vagotomy partly prevented, whereas bilateral cervical vagotomy completely abolished, Fos expression in the myenteric cells induced by cold exposure (2 h). Hexamethonium (20 mg/kg) also prevented 3-h cold exposure-induced myenteric Fos expression by 76-80%, whereas atropine or bretylium had no effect. Double labeling revealed that cold (3 h)-induced Fos-IR myenteric cells were mainly neurons, including a substantial number of choline acetyltransferase-containing neurons and most NADPH-diaphorase-positive neurons. These results indicate that acute cold exposure activates cholinergic as well as nitrergic neurons in the gastric myenteric ganglia through vagal nicotinic pathways in conscious rats.  (+info)

Influence of cocaine and sodium on bretylium uptake by reserpine-treated guinea-pig left atrium. (7/124)

1 The effects of cocaine and sodium on bretylium uptake into sympathetic nerve terminals were investigated in the reserpine-treated guinea-pig left atrium. The ability of bretylium pretreatment to increase the retention of noradrenaline was used as an index of bretylium uptake. Such increased retention has been assessed both by direct measurement and by the ability of tyramine to produce an inotropic response. 2 The restoration of the response to tyramine after incubation with noradrenaline was abolished when the atrium was pretreated with bretylium in the presence of cocaine. When bretylium was added before cocaine, or when alpha-methyl-noradrenaline (not a substrate for monoamine oxidase) was used for incubation, the responses to tyramine were restored in the normal way. 3 Bretylium greatly enhanced the retention of [3-H]-noradrenaline; when bretylium was added in the presence of cocaine, [3-H]-noradrenaline retention was severely impaired. 4 Pretreatment with bretylium in a low-sodium (25 mM) or sodium-free medium significantly decreased the retention of [3-H]-noradrenaline, as compared with the control. 5 Potassium deprivation did not modify the enhanced retention of [3-H]-noradrenaline induced by bretylium pretreatment. 6 Bretylium was released from the nerve terminals by exposure of the preparation to a sodium-free medium or to a solution containing calcium 50 mM, leading to a considerable decrease in [3-H]-noradrenaline retention. 7 The results are consistent with the view that both cocaine and sodium deprivation block the uptake of bretylium by the adrenergic nerve terminals, and that bretylium is probably taken up by a mechanism similar to or identical with the uptake system for noradrenaline and other amines.  (+info)

Studies of uptake of the bretylium analogue, iodobenzyltrimethylammonium iodide, by non-primate, monkey and human hearts. (8/124)

Uptake of (+/-)-[3H]-noradrenaline, [14C]-bretylium and [125I]-o-iodobenzyltrimethylammonium iodide (RIBA) by rat heart was studied by the Langendorff technique. All three compounds showed significant uptake. 2 Corticosterone and 17-beta-oestradiol inhibited the uptake of all three compounds by rat heart, a finding consistent with extraneuronal uptake (uptake2). 3 [131I]-RIBA was injected intravenously into pigs and monkeys (M. speciosus). Myocardial samples taken from pigs killed 1 and 2 h after injection showed significant uptake. No significant uptake was found in myocardial samples of monkeys killed 10 min, 2 h and 24 h, respectively, after injection. 4 Four normal human volunteers received [125I]-RIBA intravenously and the image of the precordial area was followed by means of scintillation camera for the first 4 h after injection. In two of the subjects, the scintigrams were repeated at 22 and 23 h after injection, respectively. No evidence of myocardial uptake was observed. 5 These results suggest the possibility that man and at least one other primate species may differ from lower species with regard to uptake.  (+info)

Inotropic and chronotropic effects of guanethidine and bretylium have been observed in heart-lung preparations made from normal and chronically reserpinized dogs. Guanethidine (0.3 to 30 mg.) in the untreated preparation had marked positive inotropic and chronotropic effects, whereas after pretreatment with reserpine it had a striking negative inotropic effect and no effect on heart rate. Guanethidine given to preparations made from animals pretreated with guanethidine had a negative inotropic effect smaller than that seen after reserpine pretreatment. Bretylium (0.3 to 30 mg.) in the untreated preparation had both positive inotropic and positive chronotropic effects. In the chronically reserpinized animal, the positive inotropic effect of bretylium persisted though it was reduced to about one-quarter of the original size. The positive chronotropic effect of bretylium in this circumstance was reversed to a negative chronotropic effect. These effects are interpreted as indirect but strong ...
Bretylium (also bretylium tosylate) is an antiarrhythmic agent. It blocks the release of noradrenaline from nerve terminals. In effect, it decreases output from the peripheral sympathetic nervous system. It also acts by blocking K+ channels and is considered a class III antiarrhythmic. The dose is 5-10 mg/kg and side effects are high blood pressure followed by low blood pressure and ventricular ectopy. Originally introduced in 1959 for the treatment of hypertension. Its use as an antiarrhythmic for ventricular fibrillation was discovered and patented by Marvin Bacaner in 1969 at the University of Minnesota. The American Heart Association removed bretylium from their 2000 ECC/ACC guidelines due to its unproven efficacy and ongoing supply problems. Many have cited these supply problems as an issue of raw materials needed in the production of Bretylium. By the release of the AHA 2005 ECC/ACC guidelines there is no mention of Bretylium and it is virtually unavailable throughout most of the world. As ...
Find information on Bretylium (Bretylol) in Daviss Drug Guide including dosage, side effects, interactions, nursing implications, mechanism of action, half life, administration, and more. Davis Drug Guide PDF.
Bretylium tosylate (Bretylol) has recently been approved for parenteral use against resistant ventricular arrhythmias. The pharmacologic action of bretylium is complex, and its antiarrhythmic action differs significantly from other drugs. Bretylium is an adrenergic neuronal blocking agent taken up selectively at peripheral adrenergic nerve terminals, where it initially releases norepinephrine (sympathomimetic effect) and then produces adrenergic neuronal blockade. It has direct cardiac membrane effect to prolong action potential duration and effective refractory period but, unlike other membrane active antiarrhythmic agents, does not depress conduction velocity or automaticity. Bretylium increases ventricular fibrillation threshold and prevents the decrease in ventricular fibrillation threshold associated with myocardial ischemia. It does not depress myocardial contractility. Clinical studies have shown parenteral bretylium to be effective in suppressing ventricular arrhythmias, particularly ...
In case of contact with eyes, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate flushing by separating the eyelids with fingers. Call a physician ...
RATIONALE: Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether sorafenib tosylate is more effective when given with or without gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin in treating patients with liver cancer.. PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying sorafenib tosylate to see how well it works when given with or without gemcitabine hydrochloride and oxaliplatin in treating patients with locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic liver cancer. ...
WAGHESHWARI IMPEX PRIVATE LIMITED - Manufacturer, Exporter, Service Provider And Trader Of Sorafenib Tosylate,Mumbai,Maharashtra,India. Find More Detail For Sorafenib Tosylate Manufacturers,Exporter,Service Provider And Trader From Mumbai,Maharashtra,India
COA of Sorafenib Tosylate contains the actual results obtained from testing performed as part of quality control. View our Sorafenib Tosylate specific physical and chemical properties, and analytical data.
Hemicholinium 3: A potent inhibitor of the high affinity uptake system for CHOLINE. It has less effect on the low affinity uptake system. Since choline is one of the components of ACETYLCHOLINE, treatment with hemicholinium can deplete acetylcholine from cholinergic terminals. Hemicholinium 3 is commonly used as a research tool in animal and in vitro experiments.
During the cooling, BP increased in both subjects (young from 95/69 to 132/75 mmHg, old from 125/68 to 176/101 mmHg), the latter exhibiting a prominent rise in diastolic values after cooling. HRV parameters increased in both subjects during the cold exposure being modest in the younger subject as compared to the older one. Also, recovery from the cold in terms of HRV was faster in the younger subject. The present preliminary observations indicate that older age is coupled with altered HRV response to a mild whole‐body skin cooling ...
5ys, male, whole body skin rash with low grade fever (99°F -100°F). Severe itching. Stool urine normal. Please suggest me to diagnosis and treatment.
To 15.2 g vanillin (0.1 mol) a calculated amount of kalihydrat (probably KOH) was added and dissolved in 75 ml MeOH. 18 g methyl tosylate (0.1 mol) and heated on a water bath for 1.5 h to reflux. As soon as the the light yellow, clear solution starts boiling the potassium salt of methyl toluenesulfonic acid starts to precipitate. After 1.5 h everything is poured in about 300 ml of H2O. First there is a white emulsion which starts to separate a light yellow oil. The aqeuous solution and the oil is extracted exhaustive with Et2O, the organic phase is washed twice with 10 ml 5% aqeuous KOH to remove unreacted vanillin. The organic phase turns almost colourless, the alkaline solution is light yellow. The organic phase is washed with H2O, dried with freshly sulphate (probably MgSO4 or Na2SO4) and evaporated. The oily residue solidifies on cooling (melting point: 42-43°C ...
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:. I. Two-year recurrence free survival (RFS).. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:. I. One-year recurrence free survival. II. Overall survival (OS). III. Safety. IV. Impact of drug-drug interactions (i.e. immunosuppression agents). V. Impact of biomarkers (alpha-fetoprotein [AFP], protein-induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist II [PIVKA II]).. VI. Effects of therapy on wound healing. VII. Impact of hepatitis C viral recurrence.. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.. ARM I: Patients receive sorafenib tosylate orally (PO) twice daily (BID).. ARM II: Patients receive placebo PO BID.. In both arms treatment continues for 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 2 years. ...
LY 2584702 tosylate | S6K1 inhibitor | LY 2779964 | LY2584702 | LY2779964 | CAS [1082949-68-5] - [1082949-67-4] | Axon 2464 | Axon Ligand™ with >98% purity available from supplier Axon Medchem, prime source of life science reagents for your research
Human Body SKIN: Basic Questions About The First 2 Layers Of The Skin Explanations Of The Epidermis And Dermis Other Facts About The Skin (30536)
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Guanethidine Sulfate is a medicine available in a number of countries worldwide. A list of US medications equivalent to Guanethidine Sulfate is available on the Drugs.com website.
Drugs. The following drugs were used: bretylium tosylate (Burroughs Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC); (-)-cocaine hydrochloride (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany), desipramine hydrochloride (Ciba-Geigy AG, Basel, Switzerland); 1-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methyl-1-propanone (U-0521; The Upjohn Company, Kalamazoo, MI); (-)-norepinephrine hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO); (-)-[7-3H] (N)norepinephrine hydrochloride (specific activity, 12.0-14.9 Ci/mmol; PerkinElmer Life Sciences, Boston, MA); pargyline hydrochloride (Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, IL); and reboxetine hydrochloride, a racemic mixture of (-)-R,R-and (+)-S,S-(2-[α[2-ethoxyphenoxy]benzyl]-morpholine hydrochloride (synthesized in the Department of Medicinal Chemistry, H. Lundbeck A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark).. Stock solutions were prepared in twice-distilled water (bretylium, cocaine, desipramine, norepinephrine, [3H]norepinephrine, and pargyline). The stock solutions were diluted with physiological salt solution (PSS) to the ...
Edoxaban tosylate (DU-176b) is a selective, potent and orally active factor Xa (FXa) inhibitor with Kis of 0.561 nM and 2.98 nM for free FXa and prothrombinase, respectively. Edoxaban tosylate is an anticoagulant agent and can be used for stroke prevention. Edoxaban tosylate is a also weak inhibitor of thrombin and factor IXaβ (FIXa), with Kis of 6.00 μM and 41.7 μM, respectively, exhibits >10 000-fold selectivity for FXa. Edoxaban tosylate has antithrombotic properties and has potential for thromboembolic diseases treatment. - Mechanism of Action & Protocol.
A full description of the terminal morphology of sympathetic postganglionic axons innervating the musculature of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract has not been available. Furthermore, common assumptions about the morphology and distribution of catecholaminergic terminal fields have been strongly shaped by the limitations of the techniques employed to distinguish the fibers and complicated by inconsistent findings generated with various methodologies. Thus, the present experiment used modern neural tracer techniques to provide high-resolution labeling of sympathetic fibers projecting to the smooth muscle wall of the GI tract. Fischer 344 rats (N = 50) received injections of dextran biotin into the left celiac and superior mesenteric ganglia. Nine days post-injection, the animals were euthanized and their stomachs and small intestines were processed to visualize the postganglionic axons. Myenteric neurons were counterstained with Cuprolinic Blue. Individual sympathetic arbors (n = 154) in the gut wall were
Creative Peptides offers Glycine benzyl ester tosylate for your research. We also provide custom peptide synthesis, process development, GMP manufacturing.
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A look at the following clinical trial: Sorafenib Tosylate With or Without Pravastatin in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer and Cirrhosis
A neurotransmitter produced and released by sympathetic postganglionic neurons to accelerate organ activity. Also produced in the brainstem and found in projections throughout the brain. Here, a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla under the control of the sympathetic nervous system, which prepares the body for action. ...
Product Description Model NO.: hangzhou royall Customized: Non-Customized Suitable for: Elderly, Children, Adult Purity: |99% CAS: 475207-59-1 Grade Standard: Medicine Grade Shelf Life: 2years Standard: USP Ep Jp etc Appearance: White Powder Transport Package: by Sea, by Air, by Express Origin: Zhejiang, China Powder: Yes Certification: GMP, HSE, ISO 9001, USP, BP State: Solid Product Name: Sorafenib Tosylate Type: Antineoplastic Agents Assay: HPLC 99% Application: Pharma Intermediate Package: 1/5/10/20/25 Kg/Drum/CTN/Bag Trademark: royall Specification: 99%min HS Code: 42356122…
Laboratory Experiment pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc A Two-Step Synthesis of the Laundry Detergent Perfume Additive β‑Citronellyl Tosylate Cheryl M. Mascarenhas*...
Looking for online definition of guanethidine sulphate in the Medical Dictionary? guanethidine sulphate explanation free. What is guanethidine sulphate? Meaning of guanethidine sulphate medical term. What does guanethidine sulphate mean?
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Horseradish peroxidase localization of the sympathetic postganglionic neurons innervating the cat heart. AU - Shih, Chun Jen. AU - Chuang, King Shun. AU - Tsai, Shin Han. AU - Liu, Jiang Chuan. PY - 1985. Y1 - 1985. N2 - The localization of the sympathetic postganglionic neurons innervating the cat heart has been investigated by using retrograde axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). HRP was injected into the subepicardial layers of 4 different cardiac regions. The animals were sacrificed 72-96 h later and fixed by perfusion via the left ventricle. The paravertebral sympathetic ganglia from the superior cervical, middle cervical and stellate ganglia to T10 ganglia were removed and processed for HRP identification. Following injections of HRP into the apex of the heart, the sinoatrial (SA) nodal region and the ventral wall of the right ventricle, we observed that HRP-labeled sympathetic neurons were localized predominantly in the right stellate ganglia, and to a lesser ...
RATIONALE: Sorafenib tosylate and everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Sorafenib tosyla
The effects of two antihypertensive agents, guanethidine and reserpine, were evaluated on the microcirculation by direct microscopic studies of rat mesoappendix vasculature. The administration of guanethidine (7.5 mg/kg) was found to produce a 3-fold sensitization to topically applied epinephrine within 10 minutes. Sensitization to topical epinephrine was recorded 30 minutes after the administration of reserpine (1.0 mg/kg). The chronic administration of both drugs produced a pattern of sensitization very similar to that of topically applied epinephrine.. The increased reactivity of the peripheral vascular bed (rat mesocecum), following treatment with reserpine and guanethidine, is discussed in relation to the effects of reserpine and guanethidine on the heart and other tissues.. ...
misc{3a0513da-a6c0-4388-821c-b9474f344b0d, author = {Kuklane, Kalev and Vanggaard, Leif and Smolander, Juhani and Halder, Amitava and Lundgren Kownacki, Karin and Gao, Chuansi and Viik, Jari and Alametsä, Jarmo}, language = {eng}, note = {Conference Abstract}, pages = {48--48}, publisher = {International Society for Environmental Ergonomics}, series = {Environmental Ergonomics}, title = {Response patterns in finger and central body skin temperatures under mild whole body cooling in an elderly and in a young male - a pre-study}, volume = {XVI}, year = {2015 ...
Information about Body / Skin Creams made in European Union - country of origin, manufacturing locations, manufacturer, brand, category, part number.
Adding IV Amiodarone to the EMS Algorithm for Cardiac Arrest Due to VF/Pulseless VT Introduction Before the year 2000, the traditional antiarrhythmic agents (lidocaine, bretylium, magnesium sulfate, procainamide,
Kirksville, mo journal printing company, willard f. canada edsupply Nociception new understandings and observations. Hypotension should be reexamined to days after the proposed proprioceptive role, the fascia of the sij. She and her colleagues performed many studies corroborating this healthenhancing, life-prolonging effect in the differential diagnosis. In these statistical procedures, we set our confidence intervals for temperatures above c. Bretylium is no more than min first maintenance infusion mgkg infused over hr mg po qd or valacyclovir g orally bid days or younger than years are there social or occupational therapy, modalities, tens, braces and splints, injections, osteopathic manipulation, one has transgressed personal, family, andor group members expectations of resuscitation aids in penetration of the parietal cortex the primary catch-up series or as the obstruction of the. Did the manipulative procedures . The economic burden of mental health. Overcoming myths regarding the ...
RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identif
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SiliaBond Tosyl Chloride (Si-TsCl) readily reacts with nucleophiles such as amines and alcohols. Reaction with alcohols yields the bound tosylate, which can then be used to synthesize amines and oxazolines.
From BioPortfolio: -- Planned submission of NDA for glycopyrronium tosylate (formerly DRM04) in 2H17 on schedule after pre-NDA meeting with FDA ---- Management to host webcast and...
DESCRIPTION Integumentary system or skin is body skin and derivates. All of the fish body covered by skin except eyes (tranparently skin)
Collagen is an important connective tissue protein found in our body (skin, muscle, and joints), accounting for 25-30% of the whole-body protein content.
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... bephenium compounds MeSH D02.092.877.096.333 - bretylium compounds MeSH D02.092.877.096.333.150 - bretylium tosylate MeSH ... bretylium compounds MeSH D02.675.276.175.150 - bretylium tosylate MeSH D02.675.276.190 - cetrimonium compounds MeSH D02.675. ... trialkyltin compounds MeSH D02.691.850.900.910 - triethyltin compounds MeSH D02.691.850.900.950 - trimethyltin compounds MeSH ... mustard compounds MeSH D02.455.526.728.468 - mustard gas MeSH D02.455.526.728.650 - nitrogen mustard compounds MeSH D02.455. ...
Compounds that prolong the action potential: matching the modern classification, with the key drug example being amiodarone, ... Sympatholytic drugs (drugs blocking the effects of the sympathetic nervous system): examples included bretylium and adrenergic ... bretylium, amiodarone, ibutilide, sotalol, dofetilide, vernakalant and dronedarone. Class IV agents are slow non- ...
Like other species in the genus, A. napellus contains several poisonous compounds, including enough cardiac poison that it was ... Other drugs used for ventricular arrhythmia include lidocaine, amiodarone, bretylium, flecainide, procainamide, and mexiletine ...
These are pharmaceutical drugs, naturally occurring compounds and other chemicals that influence the function of the ... Bethanidine Bretylium Guanadrel Guanazodine Guanclofine Guanethidine Guanoxan Oxidopamine (6-hydroxydopamine) Prischich, Davia ...
The "trivial" name of this compound is triacetonamine. *^ The boiling point of 147° given by these authors for their N,2,2,6,6- ... Two early syntheses of this compound are those of Leonard and Hauck,[6] and Hall.[5] These are very similar in principle: ... with additional data related to several structurally simpler compounds.[3] ...
Trimetaphan is a sulfonium compound and therefore carries a positive charge. Being charged, it cannot cross lipid cell ...
References for synthetic TAAR1 agonists can be found at TAAR1 or in the associated compound articles. For TAAR2 and TAAR5 ...
"Guanidine - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. ... Guanidines are a group of organic compounds sharing a common functional group with the general structure (R. 1R. 2N)(R. 3R. 4N) ... Guanidine is the compound with the formula HNC(NH2)2. It is a colourless solid that dissolves in polar solvents. It is a strong ... The compound was first synthesized in 1861 by the oxidative degradation of an aromatic natural product, guanine, isolated from ...
"1,4-dihydropyridine - Compound Summary". Pubchem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 27 March 2005. ...
Compound. α2δ. GABAB Phenibut. ND. 177 (R)-Phenibut. 23. 92 ... Bromide compounds (e.g., potassium bromide). *Carbamates (e.g ...
Bromide compounds (e.g., potassium bromide). *Carbamates (e.g., meprobamate). *Carbamazepine. *Chloralose ...
Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs. *Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing ...
"dipropylacetamide - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 24 June 2005. ... M 25 [1186293-14-0] is also one of the compounds that has a reputation. ...
... is a cyclized analogue of orphenadrine, diphenhydramine, and tofenacin, with each of these compounds different from one ... The Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems. 46 (11): 1001-16. doi:10.3109/00498254.2015.1136989. PMID 26796604.. .mw- ...
Alexander Shulgin conducted research on methylenedioxy compounds in the 1960s. In a 1967 lab notebook entry, Shulgin briefly ...
However, it is likely that these compounds would also produce amphetamine-like stimulation or possibly hallucinogenic effects. ...
Items listed in bold indicate initially developed compounds of specific groups. #WHO-EM †Withdrawn drugs. ‡Veterinary use ...
Cleophas, Ton (1995). Beta-blockers in hypertension and angina pectoris: different compounds, different strategies. Kluwer ... usually an endogenous compound, such as norepinephrine). See partial agonist for a more general description. ...
Sneader, Walter (2005). "Plant Product Analogues and Compounds Derived from Them". Drug discovery : a history. Chichester: John ...
Bromide compounds (e.g., lithium bromide, potassium bromide, sodium bromide). *Carbamazepine. *Chloralose ...
Unlike the related piperazine compound meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), TFMPP has insignificant affinity for the 5-HT3 ... "Interaction of amphetamines and related compounds at the vesicular monoamine transporter". Journal of Pharmacology and ...
"1,3-Dimethylpentylamine - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March ... 12 The compound is an aliphatic amine; the pharmaceutical industry had a strong interest in compounds in this class as nasal ... Historically, the compound has been used as a nasal decongestant but its oral application is largely unstudied leaving the ... under many names as a stimulant or energy-boosting dietary supplement under the claim that it is similar to certain compounds ...
These compounds have not yet been tested in animals to verify whether they show similar pharmacological activity to the non- ... Since a major route of the normal metabolism of these compounds is scission of the methylenedioxy ring, producing neurotoxic ... fluorinated parent compounds, although in vitro binding studies show DFMDA to have a SERT affinity in between that of MDA and ...
Because these compounds selectively release serotonin in the brain but have little effect on dopamine or noradrenaline levels, ...
Diethylamino compounds. Hidden categories: *All articles with dead external links. *Articles with dead external links from July ...
References for synthetic TAAR1 agonists can be found at TAAR1 or in the associated compound articles. For TAAR2 and TAAR5 ...
wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of bretylium and methylapogalanthamine. ... wherein the c compound is a compound of Formula VII wherein R8 is hydrogen, R 9 and R 10 are alkoxy; R 11 is selected from the ... wherein the compound is a compound of Formula VI wherein R8 is hydrogen, R 9 and R 10 are alkoxy; R 11 is selected from the ... wherein the compound is a compound of Formula VI, wherein R9 and R 10 are methoxy; R 11 is selected from the group consisting ...
Bretylium. Sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1. target. DB01199. Tubocurarine. Neuronal acetylcholine receptor ... Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with ... Bretylium. For use in the prophylaxis and therapy of ventricular fibrillation. Also used in the treatment of life-threatening ... Typically employed as the cetylpyridinium chloride salt, this compound is commonly used as an active ingredient in various over ...
... bephenium compounds MeSH D02.092.877.096.333 - bretylium compounds MeSH D02.092.877.096.333.150 - bretylium tosylate MeSH ... bretylium compounds MeSH D02.675.276.175.150 - bretylium tosylate MeSH D02.675.276.190 - cetrimonium compounds MeSH D02.675. ... trialkyltin compounds MeSH D02.691.850.900.910 - triethyltin compounds MeSH D02.691.850.900.950 - trimethyltin compounds MeSH ... mustard compounds MeSH D02.455.526.728.468 - mustard gas MeSH D02.455.526.728.650 - nitrogen mustard compounds MeSH D02.455. ...
Interleukin-2 Receptors Chemical Compounds * Chemical activation Chemical Compounds * Signal Transduction Medicine & Life ... Bretylium Differentiates between Distinct Signal Transducing Pathways in Human Lymphocytes. C. Pieri, Z. Bacso, R. Recchioni, F ... Bretylium Differentiates between Distinct Signal Transducing Pathways in Human Lymphocytes. / Pieri, C.; Bacso, Z.; Recchioni, ... Pieri, C., Bacso, Z., Recchioni, R., Moroni, F., Balazs, M., Gaspar, R., & Damjanovich, S. (1993). Bretylium Differentiates ...
... estrogen-like compounds, testosterone-like compounds, benzodiazepines, adrenergic nerve inhibitors, antidiarrheal agents, HMG- ... using a variety of compounds, including, but not limited to, NO donors, calcium channel blockers, cholinergic modulators, α- ... Compounds that deplete norepinephrine stores include, but are not limited to, reserpine, guanethidine and bretylium. Compounds ... In some embodiments, the at least two compounds are selected from the same class of compounds (e.g., both compounds are ...
This invention is concerned with novel compounds represented by structural formula I which are useful in the treatment of ... AAQOQKQBGPPFNS-UHFFFAOYSA-N Bretylium Chemical compound data:image/svg+xml;base64, ... 150000001875 compounds Chemical class 0 abstract claims description 47 * 239000003416 antiarrhythmic agent Substances 0 ... compounds. phenyl. Prior art date. 1997-10-17. Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. ...
Bretylium Compounds - therapeutic use , Phentolamine - therapeutic use , Bretylium Compounds - adverse effects , Humans , ... bis-trimethylammonium compounds - administration & dosage (3) 3 Filter by. Remove filter. bis-trimethylammonium compounds - ... METHONIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION by WOLFFE, JOSEPH B and WALKOW, M.B and NAGLER, J. HERBERT and ANASTASI, ... Bis-Trimethylammonium Compounds - therapeutic use , Chlorthalidone - therapeutic use , Hexamethonium Compounds - therapeutic ...
Blood Pressure , Ventricular Fibrillation - prevention & control , Bretylium Compounds - therapeutic use , Resuscitation - ... Full Text Antifibrillatory effects of high dose bretylium and a lidocaine-bretylium combination during cardiopulmonary ...
There are three drug master file entries for this compound. Additional details are available on the bretylium tosylate profile ... BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE IN DEXTROSE 5%. bretylium tosylate. INJECTABLE;INJECTION. 019005-002. Apr 29, 1986. DISCN. No. No. ➠ Sign Up ... BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE IN DEXTROSE 5%. bretylium tosylate. INJECTABLE;INJECTION. 019005-003. Apr 29, 1986. DISCN. No. No. ➠ Sign Up ... BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE IN DEXTROSE 5%. bretylium tosylate. INJECTABLE;INJECTION. 019005-001. Apr 29, 1986. DISCN. No. No. ➠ Sign Up ...
Bretylium. Sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1. target. Tubocurarine. Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit ... Nitrogen Compounds. Accession Number. DBCAT000269. Description. Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part ... A cyanide compound which has been used as a fertilizer, defoliant and in many manufacturing processes. It often occurs as the ... Bretylium. A norepinephrine release inhibitor used for the prophylaxis and therapy of ventricular fibrillation, as well as the ...
Bretylium. *Bretylium compounds. *Bretylium tosilate. *Bretylium tosylate. *Bretylol. *Bretzel. *Bretzel. *Bretzel. *Breuer ...
Ventricular Fibrillation--drug therapy;Methoxamine--therapeutic use;Bretylium Compounds--therapeutic use;Academic Dissertations ... Comparing the effectiveness of methoxamine and bretylium tosylate on electrically-induced ventricular fibrillation in dogs ...
Experiments were performed before and after intravenous bretylium tosylate (10 mg/kg), a compound which prevents the outflow of ... Experiments were performed before and after intravenous bretylium tosylate (10 mg/kg), a compound which prevents the outflow of ... Experiments were performed before and after intravenous bretylium tosylate (10 mg/kg), a compound which prevents the outflow of ... Experiments were performed before and after intravenous bretylium tosylate (10 mg/kg), a compound which prevents the outflow of ...
Bretylium. *Bretylium compounds. *Bretylium tosilate. *Bretylium tosylate. *Bretylol. *Bretzel. *Bretzel. *Bretzel. *Breuer ...
Bretylium. *Bretylium compounds. *Bretylium tosilate. *Bretylium tosylate. *Bretylol. *Bretzel. *Bretzel. *Breuer. *Breuer ...
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists, Animals, Atropine, pharmacology, Bretylium Compounds, Electric Stimulation, Guinea Pigs, In Vitro ...
111. Bretylol® (bretylium) package insert. Manati, Puerto Rico: Du pont Pharmaceuticals; 1991 Jan. ... 110 bretylium,111 cisapride,112 dofetilide,113 dronedarone,114 grepafloxacin,115 halofantrine,116 levomethadyl,117 mesoridazine ... 146161 Grapefruit juice contains a furano-coumarin compound, 6,7-dihydroxybergamottin that inhibits CYP3A4 in enterocytes in ...
Action Potentials, drug effects, Animals, Anti-Arrhythmia Agents, pharmacology, Bretylium Compounds, Dogs, Heart Conduction ... Animals, Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic, Buprenorphine, pharmacology, Butorphanol, Cycloparaffins, Discrimination Learning, ...
Inhibition of voltage-gated ion channels by the second compound identifies the second compound as a compound that is useful for ... bretylium, lifarizine, lamotrigine, flunarizine, and fluspirilene. 10. 10.-12. (canceled) 13. The method of claim 1, wherein ... to compound (B). Thus, linking of compound (A) to compound (B) is achieved by covalent means, involving bond formation with one ... In formula (XII), G1 is a bond between compound (A) and the linker; G2 is a bond between the linker and compound (B); Z1, Z2, Z ...
Bethanechol Compounds. *Bis-Trimethylammonium Compounds. *Bretylium Compounds. *Butylscopolammonium Bromide. *Cetrimonium ... Compounds derived from TYROSINE via betalamic acid, including BETAXANTHINS and BETACYANINS. They are found in the ...
Compounds that prolong the action potential: matching the modern classification, with the key drug example being amiodarone, ... Sympatholytic drugs (drugs blocking the effects of the sympathetic nervous system): examples included bretylium and adrenergic ... bretylium, amiodarone, ibutilide, sotalol, dofetilide, vernakalant and dronedarone. Class IV agents are slow non- ...
What is bretylium tosylate? Meaning of bretylium tosylate medical term. What does bretylium tosylate mean? ... Looking for online definition of bretylium tosylate in the Medical Dictionary? bretylium tosylate explanation free. ... bretylium tosylate. bretylium tosylate. [britil′ē·əm] an antiarrhythmic agent. indication It is prescribed in the treatment of ... bretylium tosylate. A drug used to help to restore normal heart rhythm in the form of cardiac arrest known as VENTRICULAR ...
Bretylium Compounds D2.675.276.175 Bretylium Tosylate D2.675.276.175.150 Brimonidine Tartrate D3.438.857.70 D3.633.100.857.70 ... Heterocyclic Compounds with 4 or More Rings D3.549 D3.633.400 (Replaced for 2016 by Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings) ... Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic D2.455.426.100.80.85 D3.438.260 D4.75.80.875 (Replaced for 2016 by Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, ... Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring D3.438 D3.633.100 Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring D3.494 D3.633.300 Heterotrophic Processes ...
Bretylium Compounds. Defibrillators, Implantable. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Electric Conductivity. Electric ... The effects of antiarrhythmics, such as bretylium, or calcium antagonists, such as verapamil, nifedipine, or diltiazem on ... METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of bretylium and verapamil on the energy requirements for ventricular defibrillation threshold ...
Animals , Benzyl Compounds/pharmacology , Bretylium Compounds/pharmacology , Choline/pharmacology , Cold Temperature , ... Animals , Bretylium Compounds/pharmacology , Choline/pharmacology , Guanethidine/pharmacology , Guinea Pigs , Ileum/drug ...
Bretylium. Sat, 07 Jul 2012 , Cardiac Output Bretylium tosylate has a unique mode of action. It concentrates in the terminal ... Bretylium also has a unique action in that it may cause chemical cardioversion of ventricular fibrillation or facilitate ... Natural Compounds * Vital Signs * Urinary Tract Collecting System * Clinical Features * Situ Hybridization ...
Bretylium. Ibutilide. Amiodarone. Sotalol. MAOIs: indications MAOIS:. Melancholic [classic name for atypical depression]. ... Auranofin and other gold compounds. Methotrexate. Penicillamine. Auranofin, aurothioglucose: category and indication. Aurum is ... Generic Aur- drugs (Auranofin, Aurothioglucose) are gold compounds.. · If didnt learn yet that golds indication is rheumatoid ...
Home Harmful Compounds Sudafed vs Mucinex - Uses, Side Effects, Differences. Sudafed vs Mucinex - Uses, Side Effects, ... bretylium;. *drugs for high blood pressure;. *linezolid;. *other meds for cough, cold, or allergy; ...
Y-site: Amikacin, amphotericin B, atracurium, bretylium, calcium chloride, ceftazidime (?), ciprofloxacin, cisatracurium, ... Metabolized by hepatic conjugation to inactive compound. Elimination. Half-life: 40 min (initial); 24-72 hr (after 10-day ...
Calcium phosphate, cellulose compounds, docusate sodium, iron oxides, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, povidone, sodium ... Dysrhythmias unresponsive to sodium bicarbonate therapy/hyperventilation may respond to lidocaine, bretylium, or phenytoin. ... Patients with a known hypersensitivity to this compound should not be given the drug. The possibility of crosssensitivity to ... The concomitant use of monoamine oxidase inhibiting compounds is contraindicated. Hyperpyretic crises or severe convulsive ...
  • When do Bretylium Tosylate In Dextrose 5% patents expire, and when can generic versions of Bretylium Tosylate In Dextrose 5% launch? (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • Bretylium Tosylate In Dextrose 5% is a drug marketed by Abbott , B Braun , Baxter Hlthcare , and Hospira Inc . and is included in four NDAs. (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • The generic ingredient in BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE IN DEXTROSE 5% is bretylium tosylate . (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • Additional details are available on the bretylium tosylate profile page. (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • Experiments were performed before and after intravenous bretylium tosylate (10 mg/kg), a compound which prevents the outflow of catecholamines from the sympathetic postganglionic neurons. (elsevier.com)
  • Bretylium tosylate has a unique mode of action. (alpfmedical.info)
  • EFS-dependent contractions had ABT-888 been virtually abolished from the sympathetic nerve obstructing agent bretylium tosylate (3 10?5 M) and by the alpha-adrenergic antagonist terazosin (10?6 M), confirming these responses are neuronal in origin and adrenergic in character (data not demonstrated). (conferencedequebec.org)
  • Lidocaine and prilocaine should be used with caution with anti-arrhythmic drugs like amiodarone ( Cordarone ), sotalol ( Betapace ), bretylium, and dofetilide ( Tikosyn ) because of increased risk developing abnormal heart rate and rhythm. (medicinenet.com)
  • 6 Amiodarone is deethylated to an active metabolite desethyl-amiodarone, concentrations of which exceed those of the parent compound during long-term therapy. (ahajournals.org)
  • peculiar temporary state therapys that get been shown to be inefficacious orunsafe when donated via the et despatch add sodium bicarbonate, amiodarone, isoproterenol, and bretylium. (thepathismadebywalking.com)
  • Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. (drugbank.ca)
  • Bretylium also has a unique action in that it may cause chemical cardioversion of ventricular fibrillation or facilitate cardioversion of ventricular fibrillation refractory to d.c. cardioversion. (alpfmedical.info)
  • 13. A method of treating sympathetically maintained pain in peripheral tissues comprising topically administering to a patient a compound other than guanethidine or clonidine effective to treat peripheral sympathetically maintained pain at the site of treatment by blocking the effect of norepinephrine on nociceptor terminals, without systemic side effects of postural hypotension, headache, tachycardia, or nasal stuffiness. (google.com)
  • Soon after its development, it was shown that iproniazid and similar chemical compounds slowed the breakdown of the monoamines norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT), and dopamine (DA) via inhibition of the mitochondrial enzyme monoamine oxidase-hence this class became known as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). (ontheotherhandnails.com)
  • Reboxetine (10 - 7 M) and cocaine (10 - 5 M) prevented the inhibitory action of bretylium (10 - 6 M). Reboxetine (10 - 8 -10 - 5 M), desipramine (10 - 7 -10 - 4 M), and cocaine (10 - 6 -10 - 5 M) increased the stimulation-evoked [ 3 H]norepinephrine release. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Dysrhythmias unresponsive to sodium bicarbonate therapy/hyperventilation may respond to lidocaine, xenical buy now bretylium or phenytoin. (ontheotherhandnails.com)
  • It has been demonstrated that bretylium, a quaternary ammonium ion, can significantly inhibit the first pathway at the same dose range that stimulates cell activation through the IL-2 receptor system. (elsevier.com)
  • A quaternary ammonium compound used to treat carnitine deficiency or to stimulate gastric and pancreatic secretions in hyperlipoproteinemia. (drugbank.com)
  • Persons who have an unconscious psychological need to be penicillin-susceptible, aqueous penicillin g cefepime gatifloxacin piperacillin cefotaxime imipenem-cilastatin quinupristin-cefotetan levofloxacin dalfopristin cefoxitin linezolid trimethoprim-ceftazidime sulfamethoxazole antihypertensives diazoxide methyldopa nitroprusside antiarrhythmic agents bretylium digoxin procainamide miscellaneous drugs ranitidine pancuronium table. (bac.edu)
  • For example, although non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a class of compounds which are widely used for the treatment of inflammation, pain and fever, NSAIDs (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen and ketoprofen) can cause gastrointestinal ulcers, a side-effect that remains the major limitation to the use of NSAIDs (see, for example, J. L. Wallace, in Gastroenterol. (justia.com)
  • A continuously challenging goal in the development of therapeutically useful drugs is to synthesize biologically active compounds that penetrate cells. (justia.com)
  • The invention pertains to methods for treating chronic lung disorders by administering a tetracycline compound, keflex 500mg dosage such as those described herein. (thatgirlwithwholeheart.com)
  • Chemical sympathectomy using IVRA with agents such as guanethidine or bretylium may last up to 5 days, as compared with local anesthetic blocks, which typically provide analgesia lasting only several hours. (nysora.com)
  • In the light of the different complexity of the two pathways at the plasma membrane level, and the non-toxic and reversible behavior of the drug, it is suggested that the bretylium induced sustained membrane hyperpolarization is responsible for the observation. (elsevier.com)
  • Tofranil, imipramine hydrochloride USP, the original tricyclic antidepressant , is a member of the dibenzazepine group of compounds. (rxlist.com)
  • SINEQUAN® (doxepin hydrochloride) is one of a class of psychotherapeutic agents known as dibenzoxepin tricyclic compounds. (rxlist.com)
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  • Related newer compounds, such as dronedarone, may have similar efficacy but a reduced rate of side-effects. (bionity.com)
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  • The effects of antiarrhythmics, such as bretylium, or calcium antagonists, such as verapamil, nifedipine, or diltiazem on internal defibrillation efficacy have been inconsistent or are unknown. (isharonline.org)
  • Erotism see under directional pattern, stereotypical example, chest symptoms of approximants: Semivowels such substance that different types of an organic compound] myostatic reflex. (rainierfruit.com)
  • There are three drug master file entries for this compound. (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • Empower delivers an expansive compounded drug formulary across multiple areas of treatment that address what is important to both prescribers and patients: cost, convenience, compliance, and confidence in quality. (empowerpharmacy.com)
  • In addition to supplements discussed above, a few other compounds may also have some efficacy in treating symptoms of anxiety. (medicinalplants.us)
  • An anxiolytic agent and a serotonin receptor agonist belonging to the azaspirodecanedione class of compounds. (selfdecode.com)
  • Delivery is usually effected by dissolution, degradation or disintegration of an excipient in which the active compound is formulated. (ambercann.com)
  • Compounds derived from TYROSINE via betalamic acid, including BETAXANTHINS and BETACYANINS. (harvard.edu)
  • Weak electrolytes are conjugate forms, or Brönsted-Lowry acid and base forms, of the same compound that differ only by presence or absence, respectively, of protons. (compoundingtoday.com)
  • Increase in the penetration of tracer compounds into the rat brain during 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) intoxication. (storysteel.gq)
  • He was able to explain multiple proportions by assuming that an atom of nitrogen could react with one, two, or more atoms of oxygen to form a series of compounds. (findbinaryoption.com)
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of bretylium and verapamil on the energy requirements for ventricular defibrillation threshold (DFT) were determined in 92 open-chest anesthetized pigs. (isharonline.org)
  • S albuterol, which are conjugated compounds and generic levothyroxine buy wilson and raloxifene, usp. (creativephl.org)
  • We intend to pursue the removal of these unapproved compounded products from commercial distribution. (ptcommunity.com)
  • Compatibility, stability, and incompatibility are subjects of which a pharmacist must be thoroughly educated to protect patients from harm resulting from the administration of an improperly compounded or stored preparation. (compoundingtoday.com)
  • The aim of this study was to further investigate the mechanism of cell response to the 8b compound. (statescale.cf)
  • [3] [4] The Spinks group, at ICI , compared pempidine, its N -ethyl analogue, and mecamylamine in considerable detail, with additional data related to several structurally simpler compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, since the data that supports the use of the following supplements is extremely limited, clinicians should proceed with caution, and consider the use of the compounds discussed in this section as experimental. (medicinalplants.us)
  • Additional layers may be applied, including amine-providing groups such as N-trimethylsilyl-allylamine, polyoxyalkylene tethers, and bioactive compounds. (google.co.uk)