A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavored leaves, due to gluconapin (GLUCOSINOLATES) and its hydrolysis product butenylisotrhiocyanate. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. Flowers have 4 petals. Podlike fruits contain a number of seeds. Cress is a general term used for many in the Brassicacea family. Rockcress is usually ARABIS; Bittercress is usually CARDAMINE; Yellowcress is usually RORIPPA; Pennycress is usually THLASPI; Watercress refers to NASTURTIUM; or RORIPPA or TROPAEOLUM; Gardencress refers to LEPIDIUM; Indiancress refers to TROPAEOLUM.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that is low-growing in damp meadows of the Northern Hemisphere and has pinnately divided leaves and small white to rose flowers.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE growing in Peru mountains. It is the source of maca root.
One of many different processes which occur in ANGIOSPERMS by which genetic diversity is maintained while INBREEDING is prevented.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
A plant genus of the family CRUCIFERAE.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE. Some members contain CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE known for its peppery red root.
A plant species of the genus LEPIDIUM, family BRASSICACEAE that is a fast-growing, often weedy native of western Asia. It is widely grown, especially in its curl-leaved form, and used as a garnish
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE. Member species are ornamentals grown for their numerous small white, yellow, pink, or purplish flowers.
Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.
A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.
A plant genus of the family CAPPARACEAE that contains cleogynol and 15alpha-acetoxycleomblynol (dammaranes) and 1-epibrachyacarpone (a triterpene), and ISOTHIOCYANATES.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE. The common name of white mustard sometimes refers to other plants (MUSTARD PLANT).
The reproductive organs of plants.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A technique for visualizing CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS using fluorescently labeled DNA probes which are hybridized to chromosomal DNA. Multiple fluorochromes may be attached to the probes. Upon hybridization, this produces a multicolored, or painted, effect with a unique color at each site of hybridization. This technique may also be used to identify cross-species homology by labeling probes from one species for hybridization with chromosomes from another species.
The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.
A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
Geographic variety, population, or race, within a species, that is genetically adapted to a particular habitat. An ecotype typically exhibits phenotypic differences but is capable of interbreeding with other ecotypes.
Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The presence of four sets of chromosomes. It is associated with ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; and MISCARRAGES.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Diseases of plants.
Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.

An unusual case of 'uncompetitive activation' by ascorbic acid: purification and kinetic properties of a myrosinase from Raphanus sativus seedlings. (1/314)

Myrosinase (thioglucoside glucohydrolase; EC 3.2.3.1) is a plant enzyme that hydrolyses glucosinolates, principally to isothiocyanates. Myrosinase was purified to homogeneity in good yield from 8-day-old seedlings of Raphanus sativus (daikon) using a four-step procedure involving chromatographies on anion exchange, hydrophobic Phenyl-Sepharose, gel filtration and concanavalin A-Sepharose. In order to stabilize the enzyme and to avoid excessive peak broadening during chromatography, 30% (v/v) glycerol was added to dialysis and chromatography buffers. The purified enzyme was eluted as a single peak from a gel-filtration sizing column with an apparent molecular mass of 120 kDa. The enzyme was resolved into two subunits with molecular masses of 61 and 62 kDa by SDS/PAGE. Ascorbic acid activated the purified enzyme more than 100-fold. The V(max) and K(m) values for the hydrolysis of allyl glucosinolate (sinigrin) were 2.06 micromol/min per mg of protein and 23 microM in the absence of ascorbate and 280 micromol/min per mg of protein and 250 microM in the presence of 500 microM ascorbate, respectively. As the ascorbate concentration was increased from 50 to 500 microM, the V(max) and K(m) values increased in parallel, and thus the V(max)/K(m) ratio remained constant. Similarly, raising the concentrations of sinigrin increased the concentration of ascorbic acid required for half-maximal activation (K(a)). At a sinigrin concentration of 250 microM, the K(a) for ascorbic acid was 55 microM. Sulphate, a reaction product, was a competitive inhibitor of activity, having a K(i) of 60 mM with respect to sinigrin and of 27 mM with respect to ascorbate. Thus activation of myrosinase from R. sativus by ascorbic acid exemplifies an unusual and possibly unique example of linear 'uncompetitive activation' (i.e. a proportionate increase in V(max) and K(m)) of an enzyme. The enzyme also had beta-glucosidase activity and hydrolysed p-nitrophenyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside.  (+info)

The binding motif recognized by HU on both nicked and cruciform DNA. (2/314)

The heterodimeric HU protein, highly conserved in bacteria and involved in transposition, recombination, DNA repair, etc., shares similarity with histones and HMGs. HU, which binds DNA with low affinity and without sequence specificity, binds strongly and specifically to DNA junctions and DNA containing single-strand breaks. The fine structure of these specific complexes was studied by footprinting and HU chemically converted into nucleases. The positioning of HUalphabeta on nicked DNA is asymmetrical and specifically oriented: the beta-arm binds the area surrounding the break whereas the alpha-arm lies on the 3' DNA branch. This positioning necessitates a pronounced bend in the DNA at the discontinuous point, which was estimated by circular permutation assay to be 65 degrees. At junctions, HU is similarly asymmetrically positioned in an identical orientation: the junction point plays the role of the discontinuous point in the nicked DNA. The HU binding motif present in both structures is a pair of inclined DNA helices.  (+info)

Sugar-nucleotide-binding and autoglycosylating polypeptide(s) from nasturtium fruit: biochemical capacities and potential functions. (3/314)

Polypeptide assemblies cross-linked by S-S bonds (molecular mass>200 kDa) and single polypeptides folded with internal S-S cross-links (<41 kDa) have been detected by SDS/PAGE in particulate membranes and soluble extracts of developing cotyledons of nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.). When first prepared from fruit homogenates, these polypeptides were found to bind reversibly to UDP-Gal (labelled with [(14)C]Gal or [(3)H]uridine), and to co-precipitate specifically with added xyloglucan from solutions made with 67% ethanol. Initially, the bound UDP-[(14)C]Gal could be replaced (bumped) by adding excess UDP, or exchanged (chased) with UDP-Gal, -Glc, -Man or -Xyl. However, this capacity for turnover was lost during incubation in reaction media, or during SDS/PAGE under reducing conditions, even as the glycone moiety was conserved by autoglycosylation to form a stable 41 kDa polypeptide. Polyclonal antibodies raised to a similar product purified from Arabidopsis bound to all the labelled nasturtium polypeptides in immunoblotting tests. The antibodies also inhibited the binding of nasturtium polypeptides to UDP-Gal, the uptake of UDP-[(14)C]Gal into intact nasturtium membrane vesicles and the incorporation of [(14)C]Gal into nascent xyloglucan within these vesicles. This is the first direct evidence that these polypeptides facilitate the channelling of UDP-activated sugars from the cytoplasm through Golgi vesicle membranes to lumenal sites, where they can be used as substrates for glycosyltransferases to synthesize products such as xyloglucan.  (+info)

Rescuing activity of galactoglycerolipids from cellular lesions induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid. (4/314)

An anti-oxygen radical reagent of a bacterial metabolite, M874 monogalactoglycerolipid (di-O-12-methyl-tetradecanoyl-3-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-sn-glycerol ), was tested for its ability to protect two organisms against cellular lesions induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and light. In Corynebacterium flavescens ATCC 10340, extracellular uroporphyrin and coproporphyrin were the main porphyrin products. Although less than 2 mM ALA increased porphyrin synthesis, ALA levels above 3 mM inhibited the synthesis. Depending on the light intensity, the amount of porphyrin decreased and ALA-induced cytotoxicity increased. The lesion was more severe in the case of coproporphyrin than uroporphyrin. The porphyrin lesion produced in low intensity light (300 lx) was considerably reduced by 100 microM M874 glycolipid, although the reduction in intense light (3,000 lx) was restricted to a lower level. Similar results were obtained with radish (Raphanus sativus). The ALA concentration that inhibited porphyrin synthesis and stem growth was similar to that seen with C. flavescens. Although the exogenous addition of M874 glycolipid to the radish did not prevent ALA-induced cellular injury, the co-culture of radish and a glycolipid producing bacterium (Microbacterium sp. M874) resulted in a significant prevention of cellular injury. This was true only under enforced adhesion conditions through the action of a polysaccharide flocculant H12. Some species of monogalactoglycerolipids were found in Corynebacterium and radish that showed prominent oxygen radical-protecting activities similar to that of M874 glycolipid. These monogalactoglycerolipids might function in vivo as agents to prevent ALA-induced cytological lesions, although the concentrations were low in Corynebacterium and radish.  (+info)

Rapid evolution in plant chitinases: molecular targets of selection in plant-pathogen coevolution. (5/314)

Many pathogen recognition genes, such as plant R-genes, undergo rapid adaptive evolution, providing evidence that these genes play a critical role in plant-pathogen coevolution. Surprisingly, whether rapid adaptive evolution also occurs in genes encoding other kinds of plant defense proteins is unknown. Unlike recognition proteins, plant chitinases attack pathogens directly, conferring disease resistance by degrading chitin, a component of fungal cell walls. Here, we show that nonsynonymous substitution rates in plant class I chitinase often exceed synonymous rates in the plant genus Arabis (Cruciferae) and in other dicots, indicating a succession of adaptively driven amino acid replacements. We identify individual residues that are likely subject to positive selection by using codon substitution models and determine the location of these residues on the three-dimensional structure of class I chitinase. In contrast to primate lysozymes and plant class III chitinases, structural and functional relatives of class I chitinase, the adaptive replacements of class I chitinase occur disproportionately in the active site cleft. This highly unusual pattern of replacements suggests that fungi directly defend against chitinolytic activity through enzymatic inhibition or other forms of chemical resistance and identifies target residues for manipulating chitinolytic activity. These data also provide empirical evidence that plant defense proteins not involved in pathogen recognition also evolve in a manner consistent with rapid coevolutionary interactions.  (+info)

Modification of sorbitol MacConkey medium containing cefixime and tellurite for isolation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from radish sprouts. (6/314)

A modified version of sorbitol MacConkey medium containing cefixime and tellurite (CT-SMAC medium) was produced by adding salicin and 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside to CT-SMAC medium; this medium was designated CT-SSMAC medium and was used to isolate Escherichia coli O157:H7 from radish sprouts. Of 101 non-E. coli bacteria isolated from radish sprouts that produced colorless colonies similar to colonies of E. coli O157:H7 grown on CT-SMAC medium, 92 (91%) formed colonies that were red to pink or were beta-galactosidase negative and colorless on CT-SSMAC medium. On the other hand, colonies of E. coli O157:H7 strains were colorless and beta-galactosidase positive on CT-SSMAC medium. Our results suggest that CT-SSMAC medium is more selective than CT-SMAC medium for isolating E. coli O157:H7.  (+info)

Attractive and repulsive interactions between female and male gametophytes in Arabidopsis pollen tube guidance. (7/314)

Sexual reproduction in plants, unlike that of animals, requires the action of multicellular haploid gametophytes. The male gametophyte (pollen tube) is guided to a female gametophyte through diploid sporophytic cells in the pistil. While interactions between the pollen tube and diploid cells have been described, little is known about the intercellular recognition systems between the pollen tube and the female gametophyte. In particular, the mechanisms that enable only one pollen tube to interact with each female gametophyte, thereby preventing polysperm, are not understood. We isolated female gametophyte mutants named magatama (maa) from Arabidopsis thaliana by screening for siliques containing half the normal number of mature seeds. In maa1 and maa3 mutants, in which the development of the female gametophyte was delayed, pollen tube guidance was affected. Pollen tubes were directed to mutant female gametophytes, but they lost their way just before entering the micropyle and elongated in random directions. Moreover, the mutant female gametophytes attracted two pollen tubes at a high frequency. To explain the interaction between gametophytes, we propose a monogamy model in which a female gametophyte emits two attractants and prevents polyspermy. This prevention process by the female gametophyte could increase a plant's inclusive fitness by facilitating the fertilization of sibling female gametophytes. In addition, repulsion between pollen tubes might help prevent polyspermy. The reproductive isolations observed in interspecific crosses in Brassicaceae are also consistent with the monogamy model.  (+info)

Comparative evolutionary analysis of chalcone synthase and alcohol dehydrogenase loci in Arabidopsis, Arabis, and related genera (Brassicaceae). (8/314)

We analyzed sequence variation for chalcone synthase (Chs) and alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) loci in 28 species in the genera Arabidopsis and Arabis and related taxa from tribe Arabideae. Chs was single-copy in nearly all taxa examined, while Adh duplications were found in several species. Phylogenies constructed from both loci confirmed that the closest relatives of Arabidopsis thaliana include Arabidopsis lyrata, Arabidopsis petraea, and Arabidopsis halleri (formerly in the genus Cardaminopsis). Slightly more distant are the North American n = 7 Arabis (Boechera) species. The genus Arabis is polyphyletic-some unrelated species appear within this taxonomic classification, which has little phylogenetic meaning. Fossil pollen data were used to compute a synonymous substitution rate of 1.5 x 10 substitutions per site per year for both Chs and Adh. Arabidopsis thaliana diverged from its nearest relatives about 5 MYA, and from Brassica roughly 24 MYA. Independent molecular and fossil data from several sources all provide similar estimates of evolutionary timescale in the Brassicaceae.  (+info)

Cellular Na(+)/K(+) ratio is a crucial parameter determining plant salinity stress resistance. We tested the function of plasma membrane Na(+)/K(+) cotransporters in the High-affinity K(+) Transporter (HKT) family from the halophytic Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) relative Thellungiella salsuginea. T. salsuginea contains at least two HKT genes. TsHKT1;1 is expressed at very low levels, while the abundant TsHKT1;2 is transcriptionally strongly up-regulated by salt stress. TsHKT-based RNA interference in T. salsuginea resulted in Na(+) sensitivity and K(+) deficiency. The athkt1 mutant lines overexpressing TsHKT1;2 proved less sensitive to Na(+) and showed less K(+) deficiency than lines overexpressing AtHKT1. TsHKT1;2 ectopically expressed in yeast mutants lacking Na(+) or K(+) transporters revealed strong K(+) transporter activity and selectivity for K(+) over Na(+). Altering two amino acid residues in TsHKT1;2 to mimic the AtHKT1 sequence resulted in enhanced sodium uptake and loss of the ...
Biofuels extracted from the seeds of Camelina sativa have recently been used successfully as environmentally friendly jet-fuel to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Camelina sativa is genetically very close to Arabidopsis thaliana, and both are members of the Brassicaceae. Although public databases are currently available for some members of the Brassicaceae, such as A. thaliana, A. lyrata, Brassica napus, B. juncea and B. rapa, there are no public Expressed Sequence Tags (EST) or genomic data for Camelina sativa. In this study, a high-throughput, large-scale RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of the Camelina sativa transcriptome was carried out to generate a database that will be useful for further functional analyses. Approximately 27 million clean
On the slopes of the Northern Rocky Mountains, the flowering mustard plant Boechera stricta is undergoing a quiet transformation - that is, evolving into a fitter species better adapted to its local environment. HudsonAlpha faculty investigator Jeremy Schmutz was part of a team led by Thomas Mitchell-Olds of Duke University who analyzed the mechanisms by which Boechera stricta living in a hybrid zone in the Northern Rocky Mountains experienced positive directional selection. Their study was published in Nature Ecology and Evolution in April 2017.. Here, in Boechera stricta we are capturing that moment of selection - the moment when the subpopulation with the inversion takes over from the pre-inversion genotype and outcompetes it, said DOE JGI Plant Program Head Jeremy Schmutz, a co-author on the study. The inversion fixes a set of alleles in the population. Here the set of fixed alleles improves survivability over the previous genotypes. Schmutz is also the co-director of the HudsonAlpha ...
Camelina or false flax (Camelina sativa), of the Brassicaceae, is an annual flowering plant native to Europe and Central Asia where it is grown commercially as an oilseed crop. At the end of May 2012, symptoms of downy mildew were observed on camelina plants grown in the Savinja Valley in Slovenia. The disease was found in four monitored fields (total area 3 ha), and the incidence ranged from 2 to 38% depending on the variety. Symptomatic plants showed whitish, abundant, and fluffy mycelia covering the stems, flowers, seed pods, and undersides of the leaves. The disease mainly affected the upper half of the plants, and the stems were reduced and distorted. During disease progression, the mycelium turned from gray to black. Microscopic observations revealed hyaline, straight conidiophores that were branched monopodially (3 to 4 times) with 6 to 12 re-curved tips/branch, and measured 140 to 300 × 12 to 20 μm. Conidia were hyaline, oval to broadly ellipsoidal, 24 to 29 × 18 to 24 μm. Oospores ...
62. Boechera oxylobula (Greene) W. A. Weber, Phytologia. 51: 370. 1982. Arabis oxylobula Greene, Pittonia 4: 195. 1900; A. aprica Osterhout ex A. Nelson; A. demissa Greene; A. rugocarpa Osterhout; Boechera demissa (Greene) W. A. Weber. Perennials; short- to long-lived; (cespitose); sexual; caudex usually not woody. Stems usually 3-7 per caudex branch, arising from margin of rosette near ground surface, or arising laterally proximal to sterile shoots, 0.4-2.5 dm, glabrous or pubescent proximally, trichomes simple and short-stalked, 2-rayed, 0.1-0.4 mm, glabrous distally. Basal leaves: blade linear to linear-oblanceolate, 1-2.5 mm wide, margins usually entire, rarely denticulate, often ciliate, trichomes (simple), 0.3-0.7 mm, surfaces glabrous or sparsely pubescent, trichomes short-stalked, 2- or 3-rayed, 0.1-0.4 mm. Cauline leaves: 3-12, not concealing stem; blade auricles absent, surfaces of distalmost leaves usually glabrous, rarely sparsely pubescent. Racemes 2-12-flowered, unbranched. ...
This study provides the first comprehensive transcriptome information for the extremophile Arabidopsis relative T. salsuginea. The data constitute a more than three-fold increase in the number of publicly available unigene sequences and will greatly facilitate genome annotation. In addition, we have …
Copyright © 2015 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc. Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz is a biofuel crop with application on the Great Western Plains of North America that is being developed using genetic engineering. Before release of genetically engineered cultivars, the potential for pollen-mediated gene flow (PMGF) needs to be assessed to determine if they can coexist with conventional cultivars without causing market harm.
Read Expression of cecropin P1 gene increases resistance of Camelina sativa (L.) plants to microbial phytopathogenes, Russian Journal of Genetics on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Whereas there is good evidence that the origin of SI is monophyletic in the Brassicaceae, the phylogenetic relationship among S haplotypes in the different genera is less clear (Schierup et al. 2001; Fobis-Loisy et al. 2004). Previous observations of an apparently independent phylogenetic clustering of SRK haplotypes from A. lyrata and cultivated Brassica species (Schierup et al. 2001) have also seemed to favor the notion of separate diversification in the Arabidopsis and Brassica lineages. On the other hand, Schierup et al. (2001) identified a deviant A. lyrata SRK haplotype (Aly13-9/AlSRK09), which was more closely related to Brassica class II SRK haplotypes than to other A. lyrata haplotypes. In a recent study, Paetsch et al. (2006) found that putative SRK haplotypes from the self-incompatible Capsella grandiflora, which is more closely related to Arabidopsis than to Brassica (Yang et al. 1999b), clustered with A. lyrata haplotypes but separately from the Brassica haplotypes. From this ...
In Florida, combining the planting of a biofuels crop with a legume and a short-season oilseed crop may make an intensive and short rotation of crops economically profitable, according to research performed by plant pathologist Dan Chellemi.. During 2010, he added a legume cover crop, which would supply part of the nitrogen, into the rotation with sunflowers. Once the sunflowers were harvested, he returned with Camelina sativa, a deep-rooted 70-day mustard crop known for producing seeds with high oil and high protein content. Because camelina also is a good nutrient forager, Chellemi applied no nitrogen to the plots. Chellemi indicated that while the data is preliminary and not yet conclusive, results warrant continuing trials this season. ...
83. Boechera quebecensis Windham & Al-Shehbaz, Harvard Pap. Bot. 12: 246. 2007. Arabis divaricarpa A. Nelson var. dechamplainii B. Boivin. Biennials or perennials; short-lived; apomictic; caudex present or absent. Stems usually 1 per caudex branch, arising from center of rosette near ground surface, 1-4.5 dm, densely pubescent proximally, trichomes sessile, 2-4-rayed, 0.15-0.5 mm, glabrous distally. Basal leaves: blade oblanceolate, 5-15 mm wide, margins denticulate, ciliate proximally, trichomes (simple), to 1 mm, surfaces moderately pubescent, trichomes subsessile, (2- or) 3-7-rayed, 0.1-0.3 mm. Cauline leaves: 4-15, not concealing stem; blade auricles 1-3.5 mm, surfaces of distalmost leaves glabrous. Racemes 11-41-flowered, usually unbranched. Fruiting pedicels horizontal to slightly descending, curved to straight, 3-8(-14) mm, glabrous or with some subappressed, branched trichomes. Flowers divaricate at anthesis; sepals pubescent; petals white, 6-7 × 1-2 mm, glabrous; pollen spheroid. ...
DESCRIPTION: Specific Skin Concern: Sensitive Skin • Super soothing and incredibly calming, this serum is formulated to help even the most sensitive skin restore skins strength and minimize redness. • Incredibly anti-inflammatory, Camelina oil helps to calm and condition irritated & reactive skin. Camelina is also
The Canadian Food Inspection Agencys Plant and Biotechnology Risk Assessment (PBRA) Unit is responsible for assessing the potential risk to the environment from the release of plants with novel traits (PNTs) into the Canadian environment
Oh, D. H., M. Dassanayake, J. S. Haas, A. Kropornika, C. Wright, M. P. dUrzo, H. Hong, S. Ali, A. Hernandez, G. M. Lambert, G. Inan, D. W. Galbraith, R. A. Bressan, D. J. Yun, J. K. Zhu, J. M. Cheeseman and H. J. Bohnert (2010) Genome Structures and Halophyte-Specific Gene Expression of the Extremophile Thellungiella parvula in Comparison with Thellungiella salsuginea (Thellungiella halophila) and Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology. 154, 3, 1040-1052. (see details) ...
Define sweet alyssum. sweet alyssum synonyms, sweet alyssum pronunciation, sweet alyssum translation, English dictionary definition of sweet alyssum. n. An annual or perennial herb in the mustard family, native to the Mediterranean region and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, typically white or...
Synonyms for alyssum in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for alyssum. 2 synonyms for alyssum: madwort, genus Alyssum. What are synonyms for alyssum?
Sisymbrium altissimum resembles the much more common Sisymbrium irio in most respects, including the yellow flowers, sessile leaves, pinnatifid upper stem leaves, and long ascending fruits. On Sisymbrium altissimum, the fruiting pedicels are about as thick as the siliques, rather than much narrower as with S. irio ...
Salt cress (Thellungiella halophila), a halophyte, is a genetic model system with a small plant size, short life cycle, copious seed production, small genome size, and an efficient transformation. Its genes have a high sequence identity (90%-95% at cDNA level) to genes of its close relative, Arabidopsis. These qualities are advantageous not only in genetics but also in genomics, such as gene expression profiling using Arabidopsis cDNA microarrays. Although salt cress plants are salt tolerant and can grow in 500 mm NaCl medium, they do not have salt glands or other morphological alterations either before or after salt adaptation. This suggests that the salt tolerance in salt cress results from mechanisms that are similar to those operating in glycophytes. To elucidate the differences in the regulation of salt tolerance between salt cress and Arabidopsis, we analyzed the gene expression profiles in salt cress by using a full-length Arabidopsis cDNA microarray. In salt cress, only a few genes were ...
Succulent annual herb 10 cm - 0.8 m tall Leaves: alternate, 7.5 - 12.5 cm long, lance-shaped to spatula-shaped, wavy-toothed to lobed. Flowers: pale lavender to yellowish white, 5 mm wide. Petals four. Stamens six. Fruit: a pod, 8 mm - 2 cm long, with a somewhat flattened beak. The pod is divided into two dissimilar joints: a small, cylindrical lower joint and a 3 - 9 mm wide, four-angled, egg-shaped or lance- egg-shaped upper joint (see Similar Species). The pods are corky when dry. Stems: upright to spreading, giving the plant a bushy appearance. Similar species: When the upper joint of the pod is 3 - 5 mm wide, lance- egg-shaped and long-beaked, then the plant is referred to as Cakile edentula ssp. edentula var. lacustris. When the upper joint of the pod is 5 - 9 mm wide, egg-shaped and short-beaked, then the plant is referred to as C. edentula ssp. edentula var. edentula.. Flowering: June to late November. Habitat and ecology: A species of coastal sands. In the Chicago Region, this plant is ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superrosids • Cladus: rosids • Cladus: eurosids II • Ordo: Brassicales • Familia: Brassicaceae • Tribus: Brassiceae • Genus: Eruca • Species: Eruca vesicaria • Subspecies: Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa (Mill.) Thell. ...
aut,Hu, H., Hu, Q., Al-Shehbaz, I.A., Luo, X., Zeng, T., Guo, X. and Liu, J.}} 2016. Species delimitation and interspecific relationships of the genus Orychophragmus (Brassicaceae) inferred from whole chloroplast genomes. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1826. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01826 Full text HTML ...
Sisymbrium altissimum (Tumbling Mustard, Tall Tumblemustard) - 19 images at 128.253.192.30 image, phylogeny, nomenclature for Sisymbrium altissimum
February 2, 2016 - Once considered a weed, camelina is gaining popularity in some parts of the country as a soil-protecting winter cover crop. Additionally, its seed contains high-quality oil for use in cooking and as biodiesel, offering a renewable alternative to imported petroleum.
Camelina is a new oil crop in North America. Camelina meal, a by-product of the camelina oil extraction process, typically contains 10% to 15% residual oil and 40% crude protein. As camelina oil demand increases, utilization ...
According to research published in Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, consuming fatty fish and camelina oil are beneficial to cholesterol levels.
The use of camelina oil reduces overall and LDL cholesterol levels in persons with impaired glucose metabolism, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. The findings were published in Molecular Nutrition & Food Research.
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
The Plants Database includes the following 78 species of Lesquerella . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles ...
In angiosperm organelles, RNA editing alters specific cytidines to uridines. The mechanism involves recognition of cis-sequences surrounding specific Cs by nuclear-encoded proteins, but the particular molecular interactions and catalytic activities remain unclear. Functional analyses of the cis-elements suggest the upstream sequences act as binding sites for editing trans-factors. One trans-factor, REQUIRED FOR ACCD RNA EDITING 1 (RARE1), is essential for RNA editing in the chloroplast accD transcript. This study examines 19 Brassicaceae species for editing patterns in the accD transcripts and utilizes comprehensive sequence analysis of RARE1 homologs to analyze the evolutionary interaction between the cis-elements and trans-factors. The overall Ka/Ks ratio suggests all orthologous RARE1 genes undergo negative selection although the varying Ka/Ks ratios for individual motifs indicate certain motifs are more conserved. In Brassicaceae species lacking editing at the accD site, RARE1 orthologs show ...
Garden cress is a type of fast-growing annual herb in the Brassicaceae family. There are several different uses for garden cress...
Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers. United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements.. ...
Health Benefits of Cauliflower - Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable and is a part of the brassicaceae family. Its florets are usually consumed, though..
The project uses camelina, a distant relative of oilseed rape and one of Europe s oldest oilseed crops. Camelina is naturally high in omega-3, but these are the short-chain fatty acids and not the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids which bring health benefits. To change the profile of oils, the team introduced synthetic genes into the camelina, similar to those found in algae. The transgenic plants contain the biochemical pathway which produces long-chain omega-3. This oil can then be extracted from the seed and fed to fish in a pure form, as a more sustainable alternative to fish oil sourced from the sea ...
IntroductionIt is rather difficult to delimit recently diverged species and construct their interspecific relationships because of insufficient informative variations of sampled DNA fragments (Schluter, 2000; Arnold, 2006). The genome-scale sequence variations were found to increase the phylogenetic resolutions of both high- and low-taxonomic groups (e.g., Yoder et al., 2013; Lamichhaney et al., 2015). It is still expensive to collect nuclear genome variations between species for most none-model genera without the reference genome. However, chloroplast genomes (plastome) are relatively easy to be assembled to examine interspecific relationships for phylogenetic analyses, especially in addressing unresolved relationship at low taxonomic levels (Wu et al., 2010; Nock et al., 2011; Yang et al., 2013; Huang et al., 2014; Carbonell-Caballero et al., 2015). Plastomes are haploid with maternal inheritance in most angiosperms (Corriveau and Coleman, 1988; Zhang and Liu, 2003; Hagemann, 2004) and are highly
Self-incompatibility in plants of the Brassicaceae family is controlled by a highly diversified molecular lock-and-key system consisting of a large set of specific haplotypic combinations of only two genes. This system has been a textbook example of natural (balancing) selection, in the form of a strong reproductive advantage for individuals expressing rare alleles. These haplotypes also form a striking linear dominance/recessivity hierarchy, whereby most heterozygote combinations express only one self-incompatibility specificity at the phenotypic level. In this seminar, I will detail how we recently identified the molecular determinants of this dominance hierarchy and showed that it is based on a complex regulatory network based on the interactions between a dedicted set of small non-coding RNAs produced by dominant alleles and their target sites in recessive alleles. I will review several key features of the topology of these interactions and combine theoretical modelling and functional ...
Description. Food security is a growing risk with the exponentially increasing population. Current methods of increasing crop output are causing serious damage to valuable habitats. One potential solution to this problem is to increase the yield of crops. Arabidopsis thaliana, the model organism for plants,is a member of the Brassicaceae family of plants; this is an economically important group of plants as it contains many crop plants, such as the cabbage. Using a molecular biology approach, I investigated the potential of using a genetic mutantresistant to a plant growth factor (BZR1-1D)as an alternative to the wildtype (Col-0), the type which appears most commonly in nature, of A.thalianato produce more seeds as a way of increasing yield. This has been done by growing wildtype and BZR1-1D mutant ...
Ill admit it. Im a gambling man. Many gardeners begin cleaning out their garden right after the first frost. While they know that many species in the garden can handle light frosts, many like to go ahead and harvest whatever produce remains, and clean up the garden before a really hard frost kills everything.. But I like to push our gardens limits, because many of the fall and winter vegetables left growing in the garden get sweeter and sweeter as the days get colder and colder, and shorter and shorter. As long as there isnt a killing frost, the garden just gets better and better. That which doesnt kill us makes us sweeter, so to speak. So why does this happen?. Many of the plants from the Brassicaceae family - including brussels sprouts, turnips, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and rutabaga - survive the downturn in temperatures by turning some of their stored starches into soluble sugars. This helps prevent the liquid in the leaves from freezing (think of how sugary liquids dont fully ...
Research on the metabolism of extremophilic bacteria (Thermotoga, Caldicellulosiruptor) and archaea (Pyrococcus, Thermococcus) has been ongoing for many years, and focused on their sugar catabolism, central metabolic pathways, hydrogen production and archaeal lipid biosynthesis. Currently, extremophile research is more directed towards the fundamental aspects of chromosome segregation, involving state-of-the art protein imaging techniques. In addition to the extremophile work, research also encompasses mesophilic solventogenic and acetogenic Clostridia. These microorganisms have various metabolic features, like butanol formation and fixation of C1-gases (CO/CO2), that make them interesting for biotechnological purposes. By making use of novel genome editing tools, we want to engineer the metabolism of these fermentative anaerobes, and apply them for the bio-based production of fuels and chemicals ...
Sisymbrium altissimum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.
To elucidate how and which structural genomic changes may influence the stress tolerance of extremophile organisms, both Dassanayake et al. [3] and Wu et al. [4] take advantage of a priori knowledge of gene function, as inferred through sequence homology, by applying this functional information to a focus on copy number variations. A simple method for identifying the functional categories whose constituent genes are subject to recent expansion is to perform gene set enrichment analyses. These analyses are frequently based on gene ontology annotations and can be used to identify functional groups of genes (or annotations) that are statistically over- or underrepresented in one genome compared with another. In both Thellungiella studies [3, 4], gene set enrichment analysis shows that numerous categories of genes already known to be related to abiotic stress, including response to salt stress, abscisic acid stimulus, transporter activity and development, are indeed overrepresented in the ...
Arugula is a leafy green vegetable, packed with antioxidants. It helps lower the risk of cancer, improves bone health, boosts eyesight, and nourishes the skin.
Based on the Ks values of orthologous genes, the divergence of T. parvula and T. salsuginea from Arabidopsis can be placed at approximately 12 million years ago, and the Thellungiella species separated approximately 8 million years ago. The observed genome structures, inversions, and breaks in the colinearity are consistent with the time of divergence.. An obvious difference with respect to Arabidopsis and a specific feature of the Thellungiella species identified genome sequences around the SOS1 gene, one of the well-established salt tolerance determinants (Shi et al., 2000). Irrespective of extensive synteny of the ORFs and the conservation of gene structures for SOS1 between Arabidopsis and T. parvula, colinearity falls apart starting upstream of the first exon in SOS1 (Fig. 3). A hypothesis based on the analysis of SOS1 expression in T. salsuginea (Oh et al., 2009) suggested different expression strength or, possibly, transcript stability. This is further supported in T. parvula by the ...
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The subspecies of Physaria kingii (S. Watson) OKane and Al-Shehbaz (Brassicaceae) have historically been a difficult group to delimit taxonomically based on morphology, geography, and ecology. The taxa have been moved between genera as well among varieties, subspecies, and full species many times over. This study addressed the systematics relationships of the subspecies of P. kingii using a combination of molecular (both nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences), morphological, geographical, and ecological data. Three non-coding DNA regions were chosen: the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA and the chloroplast rps intron and the chloroplast ndhC-trnV intergenic spacer. Eighty-seven aligned sequences in total were selected and networks were constructed using SplitsTree for exploratory data analyses to identify any genealogical discordance for each of the regions in addition to a combined chloroplast region. With the prior knowledge of possible hybridization among P. k. subsp
Ali, T., Schmuker, A., Runge, F., Solovyeva, I., Nigrelli, L., Paule, J., Buch, A.K., Xia, X., Ploch, S., Orren, O. & Kummer, V. 2016. Morphology, phylogeny, and taxonomy of Microthlaspi (Brassicaceae: Coluteocarpeae) and related genera. Taxon 65(1): 79-98. DOI: 10.12705/651.6 PDF Reference page ...
Gametophytic apomixis is a common form of asexual reproduction in plants. Virtually all gametophytic apomicts are polyploids, and some view polyploidy as a prerequisite for the transition to apomixis. However, any causal link between apomixis and polyploidy is complicated by the fact that most apomictic polyploids are allopolyploids, leading some to speculate that hybridization, rather than polyploidy, enables apomixis. Diploid apomixis presents a rare opportunity to isolate the role of hybridization, and a number of diploid apomicts have been documented in the genus Boechera (Brassicaceae). Here, we present the results of a microsatellite study of 1393 morphologically and geographically diverse diploid individuals, evaluating the hypothesis that diploid Boechera apomicts are hybrids. This genus-wide dataset was made possible by the applicability of a core set of microsatellite loci in 69 of the 70 diploid Boechera species and by our ability to successfully genotype herbariu! m specimens of ...
SELECTED REFERENCES Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1977. Protogyny in the Cruciferae. Syst. Bot. 2: 327-333. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1984. The tribes of Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 65: 343-373. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1985. The genera of Brassiceae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 279-351. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1985b. The genera of Thelypodieae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 95-111. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1986. The genera of Lepidieae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 67: 265-311. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1987. The genera of Alysseae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 68: 185-240. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1988. The genera of Arabideae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 69: 85-166. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1988b. The genera of Anchonieae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the ...
article{4213140, abstract = {In apomictic Boechera spp., meiotic diplospory leads to the circumvention of meiosis and the suppression of recombination to produce unreduced male and female gametes (i.e. apomeiosis). Here, we have established an early flower developmental staging system and have performed microarray-based comparative gene expression analyses of the pollen mother cell stage in seven diploid sexual and seven diploid apomictic genotypes to identify candidate factors for unreduced pollen formation. We identified a transcript unique to apomictic Boechera spp. called UPGRADE2 (BspUPG2), which is highly up-regulated in their pollen mother cells. BspUPG2 is highly conserved among apomictic Boechera spp. genotypes but has no homolog in sexual Boechera spp. or in any other taxa. BspUPG2 undergoes posttranscriptional processing but lacks a prominent open reading frame. Together with the potential of stably forming microRNA-like secondary structures, we hypothesize that BspUPG2 functions as a ...
Biology - Research Paper Example For instance, Bellard, McCarthy and Meekins studied on genetic variation as well as biogeography of Alliaria petiolata in North America in 1st January 2001. According to their findings, Alliaria petiolata varied in not only phenology, but also morphology across all the native plants in which it grew ( Bellard, McCarthy and Meekins 161). They also found out that Alliaria petiolata also varied in terms of seed dormancy. In their results, they also stipulate that Alliaria petiolata is a hexaploid plant species based on n=7. In tandem to Bellard, McCarthy and Meekins findings, Hanson and McCarthy also claim that Alliaria petiolata is one of the plant species that have contributed to the loss of many indigenous plants in North America. They assert that Alliaria petiolata is a non-indigenous plant species that belongs to Brassicaceae family (Hanson and McCarthy 68). According to them, it was first identified in North America in early 1868. Unlike other Brassicaceae, ...
We have compared the transcriptomic profiles of microdissected live ovules at four developmental stages between a diploid sexual and diploid apomictic Boechera. We sequenced ,2 million SuperSAGE tags and identified (1) heterochronic tags (n = 595) that demonstrated significantly different patterns of expression between sexual and apomictic ovules across all developmental stages, (2) stage-specific tags (n = 577) that were found in a single developmental stage and differentially expressed between the sexual and apomictic ovules, and (3) sex-specific (n = 237) and apomixis-specific (n = 1106) tags that were found in all four developmental stages but in only one reproductive mode. Most heterochronic and stage-specific tags were significantly downregulated during early apomictic ovule development, and 110 were associated with reproduction. By contrast, most late stage-specific tags were upregulated in the apomictic ovules, likely the result of increased gene copy number in apomictic (hexaploid) ...
Arabis arcuata var. secunda (Howell) B.L.Rob., more, Arabis caduca A.Nelson, Arabis consanguinea Greene, Arabis exilis A.Nelson, Arabis holboellii var. consanguinea (Greene) G.A.Mulligan, Arabis holboellii var. secunda (Howell) Jeps., Arabis holboellii var. tenuis Böcher, Arabis kochii Blank., Arabis lignipes A.Nelson, Arabis mcdougalii , Arabis polyantha Greene, Arabis retrofracta Graham, Arabis retrofracta var. multicaulis B.Boivin, Arabis rhodanthus , Arabis secunda Howell, Arabis tenuis Greene, Boechera exilis (A.Nelson) Dorn, Boechera holboellii var. retrofracta , Boechera holboellii var. secunda (Howell) Dorn, Boechera tenuis (Bocher) Á.Löve & D.Löve ...
The Brassicaceae (the mustard family, or Cruciferae), an angiosperm family includes several plants of major agronomic, scientific and economic importance. Apart from containing several cultivated species (such as radish, rocket, watercress, wasabi, horseradish, vegetable and oil crops), this family is proud to have model species (Arabidopsis, Alyssum and Brassica), and developing model generic systems (Boechera, Brassica, and Cardamine). In particular, Arabidopsis thaliana (being the first plant species to have its genome sequenced), Thlaspi sp., and Brassica oilseed species (holding the third position among oilseed crops and are an important source of vegetable oil) have revolutionized our knowledge in almost every field of modern plant biology. Additionally, several representatives of the family Brassicaceae have potential to grow fast, yield high biomass, well-adapted to a range of environmental conditions; hence, are equally playing significant roles for achieving environmental sustainability
A crucial prerequisite for plant growth and survival is the maintenance of potassium uptake, especially when high sodium surrounds the root zone. The Arabidopsis HIGH-AFFINITY K+ TRANSPORTER1 (HKT1), and its homologs in other salt-sensitive dicots, contributes to salinity tolerance by removing Na+ from the transpiration stream. However, TsHKT1;2, one of three HKT1 copies in Thellungiella salsuginea, a halophytic Arabidopsis relative, acts as a K+ transporter in the presence of Na+ in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Amino-acid sequence comparisons indicated differences between TsHKT1;2 and most other published HKT1 sequences with respect to an Asp residue (D207) in the second pore-loop domain. Two additional T. salsuginea and most other HKT1 sequences contain Asn (n) in this position. Wild-type TsHKT1;2 and altered AtHKT1 (AtHKT1N-D) complemented K+-uptake deficiency of yeast cells. Mutant hkt1-1 plants complemented with both AtHKT1N-D and TsHKT1;2 showed higher tolerance to salt stress than ...
Summary: Extracts of quercetin glycosides from three-week old leaves of Camelina sativa were tested for their effects on crucifer flea beetle feeding. Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030519781100247X
Patrick J. Horn, Jinjie Liu, Jean-Christophe Cocuron, Kathleen McGlew, Nicholas A. Thrower, Matt Larson, Chaofu Lu, Ana P. Alonso, and John Ohlrogge, 2016. Identification of multiple lipid genes with modifications in expression and sequence associated with the evolution of hydroxy fatty acid accumulation in Physaria fendleri. The Plant Journal 86(4), 322-348. Saroj Poudel, Niranjan Aryal, and Chaofu Lu, 2015. Identification of microRNAs and transcript targets in Camelina sativa by deep sequencing and computational methods. PLoS One 10(3), e0121542. Anna R. Snapp, Jinling Kang, Xiaoli Qi, and Chaofu Lu, 2014. A fatty acid condensing enzyme from Physaria fendleri increases hydroxy fatty acid accumulation in transgenic oilseeds of Camelina sativa. Planta 240(3), 599-610. Anna Snapp and Chaofu Lu, 2013. Engineering industrial fatty acids in oilseeds. Frontiers in Biology 8:323-332. Huu Nguyen, Jillian Silva, Ram Podicheti, Jason Macrander, Wenyu Yang, Tara Nazarenus, Jeong-Won Nam, Jan Jaworski, ...
PubMed journal article Eruca sativa seeds possess antioxidant activity and exert a protective effect on mercuric chloride induced renal toxicit were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Capsella is a genus of herbaceous plant and biennial plants in the mustard family Brassicaceae.[1] It is a close relative of Arabidopsis, Neslia, and Halimolobos.[2] Some recent authors circumscribe Capsella to contain only three species: Capsella bursa-pastoris, Capsella rubella and Capsella grandiflora.[2] Capsella rubella is a self-fertilizing species that became self-compatible 50,000 to 100,000 years ago. Its outcrossing progenitor was Capsella grandiflora. In general, the shift from outcrossing to self-fertilization is among the most common transitions in flowering plants. Capsella rubella is studied as a model for understanding the evolution of self-fertilization.[3][4] ...
Brassicaceae are almost exclusively pollinated by insects. A chemical mechanism in the pollen is active in many species to avoid selfing. Two notable exceptions are exclusive self pollination in closed flowers in Cardamine chenopodifolia, and wind pollination in Pringlea antiscorbutica.[7] Although it can be pollinated, Alliaria petiolata is self-fertile. Most species reproduce sexually through seed, but Cardamine bulbifera produces gemmae and in others, such as Cardamine pentaphyllos, the coral-like roots easily break into segments, that will grow into separate plants.[7] In some species, such as in the genus Cardamine, seed pods open with force and so catapult the seeds quite far. Many of these have sticky seed coats, assisting long distance dispersal by animals, and this may also explain several intercontinental dispersal events in the genus, and its near global distribution. Brassicaceae are common on serpentine and dolomite rich in magnesium. Over a hundred species in the family accumulate ...
CRISPR cas9 flaws, GMO dangers, Industrial Agriculture, flaws with evolutionary theory, argument from poor design, examples of bad science, Camelina oilseed production, Yield10 Bioscience, what is non-coding DNA, difference between coding and non-coding DNA, function of epigentic switches, Oxford Science Blog articles, gene-editing white button mushrooms, Paul Stamets research, videos explaining function of non-coding DNA, research of genome from Salk Institute, tunnel vision science memes, examples of junk dna, Capitol Press Agriculture posts, what is blogriculture?, what plants are in the Brassicaceae family, no regulation for CRISPR technology, flaws of consensus
These experiences come from living at Harvard Forest, and traveling within Massachusetts and New York with my mentors Mercedes Harris and Erin Coates, two master students from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.. All the sites that I have traveled to are characteristically similar second-growth forests that are invaded by the Eurasian herbaceous plant garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata). Garlic mustard is an invasive plant from the Brassicaceae family. It was introduced to North America in the 1860s. The Brassica produces chemicals within its roots and leaves. Through release of its secondary compounds, garlic mustard disrupts the relationships between fungi and water conducting native plants. Garlic mustard has no natural predators in North America, which allows for its successful high abundance. To reduce the effects of native plant displacement by invasive garlic mustard, actions to remove it have been developed, such as herbicide spraying and manually hand pulling the plant and its ...
Premise of the study : Cryptic species are superfi cially morphologically indistinguishable and therefore erroneously classifi ed under one single name. The identifi cation and delimitation of these species is usually a diffi cult task. The main aim of this study is to provide an inclusive methodology that combines standard and new tools to allow accurate identifi cation of cryptic species. We used Erysimum nervosum s.l. as a model system. • Methods : Four populations belonging to E. nervosum s.l. were sampled at their two distribution ranges in Morocco (the Atlas Mountains and the Rif Mountains). Fifteen individuals per population were collected to assess standard taxonomic traits. Additionally, corolla color and shape were quantifi ed in 30 individuals per population using spectrophotometry and geometric morphometrics, respectively. Finally, we collected tissue samples from each population per species to study the phylogenetic relationships among them. • Key results : Using the standard ...
Wild rocket [Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.] belongs to the Brassicaceae family and has its origin in the Mediterranean region. The effect of conventional and integrated cultivation practices on the nutritional properties and benefits of wild rocket [Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.] were studied. Bioactive molecules content (vitamin C, quercetin, lutein), antioxidant properties and bioactivity of polyphenolic extracts from the edible part of rocket in Caco-2 cells were determined. Regarding antioxidant properties, FRAP (Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power) values ranged from 4.44 ± 0.11 mmol/kg fw to 9.92 ± 0.46 mmol/kg fw for conventional rocket and from 4.13 ± 0.17 fw mmol/kg to 11.02 ± 0.45 mmol/kg fw for integrated rocket. The characteristics of wild rocket as a dietary source of antioxidants have been pointed out. Significant differences in the quality of conventional and integrated rocket have been shown, while no influence of agronomic practice on biological activity was reported. A significant
INTRODUCTION The cabbage (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata) is an herbaceous and leafy plant which belongs to the Brassicaceae family, native to coastal southern and Western Europe. It presents a high versatility, not only due to its nutritive value, being rich in calcium, protein and vitamin C, but also due to its social character, due to the fact of being cultivated essentially by small-scale farmers(12, 28, 29). Brassica sp. is reported to have been utilized for over one thousand years in the healing process of abscesses, idiopathic cephalgias, internal ulcers; the Romans utilized Brassica sp. in the treatment of injuries(4). Cheney(13) verified that the patients who utilized the fresh cabbage juice obtained a healing action for gastric disorders, particularly for the peptic ulcer, presenting healing effects of the lesion. The chronic administration of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with the development of gastrointestinal adverse effects, such as gastric ...
Perennials; short- to long-lived; sexual; caudex usually not woody. Stems usually 2-4 per caudex branch, arising from center of rosette near ground surface, or arising laterally proximal to sterile shoots, 0.6-2 dm, glabrous throughout. Basal leaves: blade oblanceolate, 2-6 mm wide, margins entire, rarely ciliate along petiole, trichomes (simple), 0.5-0.7 mm, surfaces glabrous. Cauline leaves: 5-9, rarely concealing stem proximally; blade auricles 0.7-2.5 mm, surfaces of distalmost leaves glabrous. Racemes 4-12-flowered, usually unbranched. Fruiting pedicels divaricate-ascending to horizontal, straight, 2.5-8 mm, glabrous. Flowers ascending at anthesis; sepals glabrous; petals lavender, 4-5.5 × 1.5-2 mm, glabrous; pollen ellipsoid. Fruits usually divaricate-ascending, rarely slightly descending, usually secund, straight to slightly curved, 1.9-4 cm × 2-3 mm; valves glabrous; ovules 52-72 per ovary; style 0.05-0.2 mm. Seeds biseriate, 1.1-1.4 × 0.8-1 mm; wing continuous, 0.07-0.15 mm wide ...
This article discusses vegetables which belong to the Brassicaceae family, including broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower. History, origin, varieties and cooking techniques are discussed.
Armoracia (Horseradish) -- a perennial plant of the Brassicaceae family, which also includes mustard, wasabi, and cabbages. fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. Facts are sorted by community importance and you can build your personalized lexicon
Like Brussels sprouts, cauliflower is one of those misunderstood vegetables. Its certainly not the prettiest veggie on campus, but its one of the healthiest.. When properly cooked and seasoned, cauliflower is delicious-one of my favorites. I buy it at least once a week, usually to steam or roast as a side dish.. These days, cauliflower is available year-round. A member of the Brassicaceae family (broccoli, cabbage, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens), it delivers a cancer-fighting compound called sulforaphane. A half-cup of cooked cauliflower provides 45% of your daily vitamin C requirement, as well as 2 g fiber, while weighing in at only 15 calories.. When choosing an organic cauliflower, look for a head thats white or creamy, firm, compact, and heavy for its size. Toss aside heads that have dark spots, brown patches or other discolorations.. When you arrive home, place your cauliflower (stem side up) in your refrigerators crisper, where it should last for up to five days. If you buy ...
When shopping at farmers markets, I often stumble upon familiar-looking vegetables cloaked in exotic colors-green zebra tomatoes, purple potatoes, yellow lemon cucumbers and black radishes, to name a few. Cauliflower, a readily available but mostly unpopular member of the Brassicaceae family, comes in several eye-catching colors: light green (with funky-looking spikes), orange, traditional white and, my favorite-purple.
Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana Gaertn) is a perennial crop belonging to the Brassicaceae family, widely used as spice in foods and herbal ingredient in ethno-medicine. In this study, were evaluated the phenolic compounds content, antioxidant capacity and anti-lipase activity of methanol, methanol/water (70/30, v/v) and methanol/water (50/50, v/v) extracts of horseradish roots and leaves. Among the extracts tested, both roots and leaves aqueous methanolic (70/30, v/v and 50/50, v/v) extracts showed higher total phenol and flavonoid contents and antioxidant capacity than the corresponding methanol extracts. But extraction yield was high for methanol/water (50/50, v/v) extracts, in both roots and leaves. The extracts exhibited anti-lipase activity in dose-dependent manner. The results showed that the extraction yield and the antioxidant capacity were strictly dependent on the solvent polarity. The results suggest that A. rusticana could provide opportunities for the development of functional food ...
Horseradish: Studies have indicated that some horseradish constituents have antibiotic activity. Clinical study has used a combination product that contained nasturtium herb and horseradish root to treat sinusitis. Although the treatment had similar results as the standard antibiotic therapy control, the effect of horseradish alone cannot be isolated due to the use of a combination product. Additional high-quality clinical studies are needed before a conclusion can be made. Avoid if allergic or hypersensitive to horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), its constituents, or members of the Brassicaceae family. Large oral doses may provoke allergic reactions. Use cautiously with clotting disorders, hypotension (low blood pressure), thyroid disorders, kidney disorders, kidney inflammation, gastrointestinal conditions, skin ulcers, and stomach ulcers. Use cautiously if taking anticoagulants or antiplatelets (blood thinning agents), antihypertensives (blood pressure-lowering agents), anti-inflammatory ...
Horseradish: Studies have indicated that some horseradish constituents have antibiotic activity. Clinical study has used a combination product that contained nasturtium herb and horseradish root to treat sinusitis. Although the treatment had similar results as the standard antibiotic therapy control, the effect of horseradish alone cannot be isolated due to the use of a combination product. Additional high-quality clinical studies are needed before a conclusion can be made. Avoid if allergic or hypersensitive to horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), its constituents, or members of the Brassicaceae family. Large oral doses may provoke allergic reactions. Use cautiously with clotting disorders, hypotension (low blood pressure), thyroid disorders, kidney disorders, kidney inflammation, gastrointestinal conditions, skin ulcers, and stomach ulcers. Use cautiously if taking anticoagulants or antiplatelets (blood thinning agents), antihypertensives (blood pressure-lowering agents), anti-inflammatory ...
Three Australian Sisymbrium orientale and one Brassica tournefortii biotypes are resistant to acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides due to their possession of an ALS enzyme with decreased sensitivity to these herbicides. Enzyme kinetic studies revealed no interbiotypic differences within species in Km (pyruvate) (the substrate concentration at which the reaction rate is half maximal) but a greater Vmax (the rate when the enzyme is fully saturated with substrate) for two of the resistant S. orientale biotypes over susceptible levels. F1 hybrids from reciprocal crosses between resistant and susceptible biotypes of S. orientale showed an intermediate response to chlorsulfuron compared to the parental plants. ALS herbicide resistance in S. orientale segregated in a 3:1 (resistant:susceptible) ratio in F2 plants with a single rate of chlorsulfuron, indicating that resistance is inherited as a single, incompletely dominant nuclear gene. Two regions of the ALS structural gene known to vary ...
APHOTOFLORA - Photographic Stock Image Library Page for Brassica napus subspecies oleifera - Oil Seed Rape (Brassicaceae Images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography.
Autor: Sharbel, T. F. et al.; Genre: Zeitschriftenartikel; Im Druck veröffentlicht: 2001; Keywords: aneuploid; apomixis; Arabis holboelii; chloroplast; haplotype; polyploid|br/|Chromosome-number; rust infection; evolution; mechanisms; genetics; apomixis; pathways; plants; Titel: Recurrent polyploid origins and chloroplast phylogeography in the Arabis holboellii complex (Brassicaceae)
This project is part of the DFG Priority Programme Adaptomics.. Metal hyperaccumulation and metal hypertolerance (mh) are common traits in many Brassicaceae species. However, neither its ecological consequences nor the role of ecological interactions on natural trait variation have been studied. Here, we focus on two genetic model species (Arabidopsis halleri, Noccaea caerulescens) to study the causes and consequences of natural variation in this trait with a special focus on the role of negative and positive plant-plant interactions. To that end, we combine field and greenhouse studies, high-end molecular tools, quantitative genetics and experimental approaches of community ecology.. We investigate the idea that a trade-off between competitive ability and stress tolerance exists in this system, affecting the performance of individual plants and determining the extent of genetic and phenotypic variation. We hypothesized that facilitation in populations and communities with metal accumulating ...
Camelina is an alternative oilseed crop species with limited information about the origin and diversity of available germplasm. Therefore, a set of 130 camelina accessions from a world collection was evaluated for oil content, protein content and 1000-seed weight in field experiments grown in three macro-environments in Austria. Based on phenotypic data, accessions were categorized into four groups with different seed characteristics using k-means cluster analysis or principal component extraction. Subsequently, a representative set of 41 accessions was subjected to random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Of 24 primers, 15 were polymorphic producing a total of 30 marker loci. Genetic distance estimates between the 41 accessions were calculated, based both on RAPD polymorphism and on seed quality characteristics, and dendrograms were generated for comparison. Similarities were found between the two different clustering approaches, and grouping was partly in agreement with pedigree ...
cerastium, hardy ice plant, snow-in-summer, delosperma, gaillardia, blanket flower, laurentia, blue star creeper, belamcanda, blackberry lily
Over the course of 2017 we have focused on generating proof points in key crops for our C3003 yield trait gene, said Oliver Peoples, Ph.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of Yield10. We remain on track to report results from field tests of C3003 in Camelina and canola as well as initial greenhouse studies in soybean in the fourth quarter of 2017 which will enable us to plan and prioritize our research and development activities for C3003 in 2018. In addition, we have made good progress this year developing our genome editing capabilities with the goal of creating plants with desirable performance and yield characteristics and a potentially shorter path to market in the U.S. We look forward to continuing to advance development of our novel yield traits in key crops in field tests and greenhouse studies in 2018.. Yield10s 2017 development program for the novel yield trait gene C3003 involves testing the trait in Camelina, canola, soybean and rice. In the third quarter, Yield10 completed ...
I always use these two products in combination. I mostly use them at night - applying around 3 or 4 drops of Omega 3 Night Repair Serum and one pump of the Frankincense Revitalising Night Cream. I use this combo a few times during the day as well (when I need some extra hydration). They are suitable for all skin types; I have normal to dry skin and they work amazing. They are both delicately scented - the serum has a sweet scent while the cream has a herbal scent (I am not the biggest fan of the scent of cream, but it vanishes relatively quick). The result is radiant and smoothed skin (as they promise at REN). The serum is light and relatively quickly absorbed in to my skin (therefore it might be great for those with oily skin type as well). The night cream is thick, but not heavy; it has a calming effect on my skin. If I look down at the ingreditent list, I must say that I see only the best - such as Camelina Sativa Oil in Omega 3 Night Repair Serum (rich in omega 3 fatty acids). Overall, I can ...
Use of 3 ruch oilseed cameline (Camelina sativa) as a fish oil replacement in aquaculture feeds: Implications for growth and lipid biochemistry of farmed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhus), Rainbow trout (Oncrhynchus mykiss) and atlantic salmon (Salmo salar ...
Read Evolutionary divergence of LFY function in the mustards Arabidopsis thaliana and Leavenworthia crassa, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Schrenkiella parvula, also called Thellungiella parvula, is a small herbaceous plant that is closely related to Arabidopsis thaliana. It is often used as a model organism for environmental stress responses due to its small genome size, similarity to A. thaliana, and its extreme tolerance to salinity. The S. parvula genome is diploid and has a size of 140 Mb.. Genome release:. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3586812/. Dassanayake, M., Oh, D.H., Haas, J.S., Hernandez, A., Hong, H., Ali, S., Yun, D.J., Bressan, R.A., Zhu, J.K., Bohnert, H.J. and Cheeseman, J.M., 2011. The genome of the extremophile crucifer Thellungiella parvula. Nature genetics, 43(9), p.913 ...
Several epidemiologic studies suggest that consumption of cruciferous vegetables may be particularly effective (compared with total fruit and vegetable consumption) in reducing cancer risk at several organ sites. Crucifers that are widely consumed are especially rich in glucosinolates, which are con …
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: All the species of Lesquerella and the closely related genus Physaria (Brassicaceae) possess seed-oil rich in one of three types of hydroxy fatty acids (HFA) as the main component of their oil profiles. These HFAs (lesquerolic, densipolic, auricolic) could be used as replacements for imported castor oil in the production of plastics, lubricants, protective coatings, surfactants, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. Because of considerable genetic variation for chemical composition of the seed oil and other important agronomic characteristics both within and among species, new germplasm is required to assist the commercialization efforts; therefore, we have made new collections from the US and Mexico. Hybridization and polyploidy shows promise for increasing favorable traits, so cytology is being carried out on new accessions. Several new chromosome counts have been attained along with the first record of an inversion in Physaria. ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
By the time this article is posted, I will be high up in the Andes mountains of Peru working with maca, a plant I have focused on for over 12 years. It seems fitting, then, to share some information about maca with you.. Maca, Lepidium meyenii , is the only cruciferous plant native to Peru. The cruciferous plants include rapeseed (the source of canola oil), radish, cauliflower, cabbage, brussel sprouts, Chinese cabbage, mustard, garden rocket, and watercress. Maca is an annual plant with a rosette of frilly leaves lying close to the ground. The plant produces a turnip-like hypocotyl, a tuber which matures within approximately seven months after seeds are planted. The tubers may be red, green, black, pink, purplish, yellow, or cream colored. Locals in the Peruvian highlands claim that yellow roots are preferable, because they are sweeter. Yellow maca accounts for just over 36 percent of harvest on average. The root of maca is dried and stored before use and will keep for seven years.. Details ...
ID ARALY_100_PE2 STANDARD; PRT; 100 AA. AC ARALY_100_PE2; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE (ARALY_100.PE2). OS ARABIDOPSIS LYRATA. OC cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; OC Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; OC eudicotyledons; core eudicotyledons; rosids; eurosids II; Brassicales; OC Brassicaceae; Arabidopsis. OX NCBI_TaxID=59689; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS ARALY_100.PE2. CC Arabidopsis lyrata scaffold scaffold_133 JGI8X full sequence 1..18967 CC annotated by Ensembl Genomes CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HBG000000000 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Arabidopsis_lyrata;AL_SCAFFOLD_0133_2;AL_SCAFFOLD_0133_2;AL_SCAFFOLD_0133_2. DR HOGENOMDNA; ARALY_100.PE2; -. KW Al_scaffold_0133_21_AT2G39210.11; Al_scaffold_0133_21_AT2G39210.11. SQ SEQUENCE 100 AA; UNKNOWN MW; UNKNOWN CRC64; ...
ID ARALY_100_PE1 STANDARD; PRT; 80 AA. AC ARALY_100_PE1; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE (ARALY_100.PE1). OS ARABIDOPSIS LYRATA. OC cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; OC Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; OC eudicotyledons; core eudicotyledons; rosids; eurosids II; Brassicales; OC Brassicaceae; Arabidopsis. OX NCBI_TaxID=59689; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS ARALY_100.PE1. CC Arabidopsis lyrata scaffold scaffold_133 JGI8X full sequence 1..18967 CC annotated by Ensembl Genomes CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HBG000000000 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Arabidopsis_lyrata;SCAFFOLD_13300001.1;SCAFFOLD_13300001.1;SCAFFOLD_13300001.1. DR HOGENOMDNA; ARALY_100.PE1; -. KW scaffold_13300001.1_AT2G39210.11; scaffold_13300001.1_AT2G39210.11. SQ SEQUENCE 80 AA; UNKNOWN MW; UNKNOWN CRC64; ...
Botanical Name ; Raphanus sativus Family: Brassicaceae Genus: Raphanus Species: sativus Kingdom: Plantae Order: Brassicales Common Names: Daikon, Indian Radish
3. Traka MH. Chapter nine - Health benefits of glucosinolates. Advances in Botanical Research. 2016;80:247-279.. a study in which no experimental intervention or treatment is applied. Participants are simply observed over time.nal Studies case control…cohort studies prospective cohort studies. 24 case-control and 11 prospective cohort studies. 21. Sergentanis TN, Economopoulos KP. GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms and breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2010;121(1):195-202. (PubMed). 22. Bryan HK, Olayanju A, Goldring CE, Park BK. The Nrf2 cell defence pathway: Keap1-dependent and -independent mechanisms of regulation. Biochem Pharmacol. 2013;85(6):705-717. (PubMed). 34. Liu X, Lv K. Cruciferous vegetables intake is inversely associated with risk of breast cancer: a meta-analysis. Breast. 2013;22(3):309-313. (PubMed). 42. Hu J, Hu Y, Hu Y, Zheng S. Intake of cruciferous vegetables is associated with reduced risk of ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. ...
our lab is primarily interested in understanding the genetics and molecular biology of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auxin auxin] and other [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_hormone plant hormone] responses in the tiny weed [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabidopsis_thaliana arabidopsis thaliana] and related [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brassicaceae brassicaceae]. phytohormones are one of the classic fields in [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_physiology plant physiology] and the past has shown that understanding hormone action in plants bears great potential for agricultural and horticultural applications. by contributing to the current state of knowledge of hormone biology we hope to participate in the advancement of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crop_science crop science ...
1b , Leaf-miner: Corridor-blotch mine, normally dorsal; usually whitish; in small leaves it lies characteristically in the centre of the leaf often touching the petiole; in larger leaves it lies to one side of the mid-rib. Frass deposited in green clumps near the leaf margin. Pupation usually external, sometimes in a separate pupation mine.. Oviposition whitin the leaf, at the lower surface. The first part of the mine is a long, sometimes very long, corridor, that mostly will be overrun by the later developments. Generally this corridor is directed, frequently guided by a thick vein, to the midrib. The next section of the mine is large, irregular blotch overlying the basal section of the midrib. Locally large chunks of midrib tissue are consumed. From this central blotch excursions are made into the leaf blade: generally upper-surface, less often lower-surface and locally full-depth. In plants with narrow leaves, like Diplotaxis, the mine may occupy the entire width of the leaf. Often several ...
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. ,em,Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.,/em, 161(2): 105-121. 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x ...
Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds., 1993. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Flora of North America Association, New York, NY, US and Oxford, UK ...
Rahman, M. (2018). "Brassicaceae mustards: Traditional and agronomic uses in Australia and New Zealand". Molecules. 23 (1): 231 ... Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae ...
... is a species of plant in the family Brassicaceae known by the common names arctic draba, Austrian draba, and ... Brassicaceae)". Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (in German). Linz: Oberösterreichische Landesmuseen ...
Like most Brassicaceae species, A. thaliana is edible by humans in a salad or cooked, but it does not enjoy widespread use as a ... The flowers are 3 mm in diameter, arranged in a corymb; their structure is that of the typical Brassicaceae. The fruit is a ... Brassicaceae)". Journal of Biogeography. 29: 125-134. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2002.00647.x. Mitchell-Olds T (December 2001). " ... "Brassicaceae species checklist and database". Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life (26 ed.). ISSN 2405-8858. "Arabidopsis ...
7. Brassicaceae. BugwoodWiki (Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia): Coincya monensis ... Coincya monensis is a plant species in the family Brassicaceae. Coincya monensis is native to western Europe and Morocco, but ...
Brassicaceae). Turk J Bot 31:575-76. Jepson Manual Treatment Photo gallery v t e. ...
Brassicaceae > Camelineae > Arabidopsis. Arabidopsis thaliana is a weed commonly found alongside roads and is frequently used ...
Brassicaceae) In:.. Novon Volume 8, No. 3, 1998, pp. 218 Ihsan Ali Al-Shehbaz, Suzanne I. Warwick. 2008. Proposal to conserve ... Teesdalia is a genus in the plant family Brassicaceae. They are herbaceous plants native mostly to Europe and to the ...
Diplotaxis (wall-rocket) is a genus of 32-34 species of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), native to ... Brassicaceae, Brassiceae)". Systematics and Biodiversity. 10 (1): 57-70. doi:10.1080/14772000.2012.658881. S2CID 86153208. ...
... is an annual oilseed crop of the family Brassicaceae. It is mainly cultivated due to the high levels of ... Leptocrambe (Brassicaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 133 (4): 509-524. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2000.tb01593.x ... what is typical for Brassicaceae. Mostly, these flowers are self-pollinated, but some cases of cross-pollination have been ... cultivation directly after other Brassicaceae species should be avoided. Also to be avoided is cultivation after artificial ...
De Lange, P.J.; Heenan, P.B.; Townsend, A.J. (2009). "Rorippa laciniata (Brassicaceae), a new addition to the flora of New ... Rorippa is a flowering plant genus in the family Brassicaceae, native to Europe through central Asia, Africa, and North America ... Brassicaceae: APG II. Missouri Botanical Garden. v t e. ...
Suzanne I. Warwick (2010). "Brassicaceae in agriculture". In Renate Schmidt; Ian Bancroft (eds.). Genetics and Genomics of the ... Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), Callitrichaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae (Leguminosae), Loganiaceae, Moraceae and ... Brassicaceae. Plant Genetics and Genomics. 9. Springer. pp. 33-66. ISBN 9781441971180. Alex V. Popovkin; Katherine G. Mathews; ...
... is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae, preferring to grow at 750 to 2600 m on limestone slopes. It is sometimes kept ... Brassicaceae) in Iran". Phytotaxa. 356 (4): 241-266. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.356.4.1.. ...
Brassicaceae family 5. Tovariaceae family 6. Resedaceae superorder 10. Malvanae order 1. Cistales family 1. Bixaceae family 2. ...
... , or garlic cress, is a perennial plant in the family Brassicaceae, endemic to Southeastern Europe. The plant ... doi:10.1007/s00606-006-0421-1. "Brassicaceae Peltaria alliacea Jacq". ipni.org. Retrieved 29 October 2017. CS1 maint: ... Brassicaceae: Chromosome number index and database on CD-Rom. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 259. pp. 237-248. ...
"Brassicaceae Cakile maritima Scop". ipni.org. Retrieved 25 November 2017.[permanent dead link] Allen J. Coombes The A to Z of ... Brassicaceae)". Ecophysiology of High Salinity Tolerant Plants: 55-67. Münir Öztürk, Yoav Waisel, M. Ajman Khan, Güven Görk ( ...
Brassicaceae) Jundzillia Andrz. ex DC. Syst. Nat. Candolle 2: 529 1821 (IK) Species (Caryophyllaceae) Silene jundzillii Zapał. ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia. The ... H. Moazzeni et al .: Phylogeny of Isatis (Brassicaceae) and allied genera based on ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA and ... Magnoliophyta: Salicaceae to Brassicaceae. Fl. N. Amer. 7: i - xxii, 1-797. v t e. ...
Brassicaceae) Gypsophila L. spp. (Caryophyllaceae) Silene vulgaris (Maench) Garcke var. vulgaris (Caryophyllaceae) Anthriscus ...
Genera: (Brassicaceae) Berteroa DC. (Cactaceae) Opuntia berteroi (Colla) A.E. Hoffm. (Cactaceae) Opuntia berteri (C.F. Först.) ...
Brassicaceae Arabis tilingii (Regel) Berkut. Borodinia tilingii (Regel) Berkut. Braya tilingii Regel Hesperis tilingii Kuntze ...
Brassicaceae: Brachycarpaea capensis (L.) Fourc., Heliophila cornigera Fourc. Campanulaceae: Lobelia sylvatica Fourc., ...
O'Kane Jr, S. L., i Al-Shehbaz, I. A. (1997). A synopsis of Arabidopsis (Brassicaceae): Novon 7: 323-327. O'Kane Jr, S. L., i ... Arabidopsis (rockcress) is a genus in the family Brassicaceae. They are small flowering plants related to cabbage and mustard. ... Al-Shehbaz, I. A., O'Kane, Steve L. (2002). Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Arabidopsis (Brassicaceae). The Arabidopsis Book: 1-22. ... O'Kane, Steve L.; Al-Shehbaz, Ihsan A. (1997). "A synopsis of Arabidopsis (Brassicaceae)". Novon. 7 (3): 323. doi:10.2307/ ...
J.Presl Brassicaceae Burnett, nom. cons. (= Cruciferae Juss., nom. cons.) Berberidopsidales Doweld Aextoxicaceae Engl. & Gilg, ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae. There are two to four species, one of which is ... Brassicaceae). Novon 13:4 392-5 Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile Center for Plant Conservation: T. capparideum v t e ...
"Brassicaceae Capsella bursa-pastoris Medik". ipni.org. Retrieved 14 December 2017. Reader's Digest Field Guide to the Wild ... Brassicaceae). It is native to eastern Europe and Asia minor, but is naturalized and considered a common weed in many parts of ...
The caterpillars develop on Brassicaceae. The feed only during the night eating both fresh and dried leaves. The caterpillars ...
Delimitation of the genus Nasturtium (Brassicaceae). Novon 8: 124-126. Al-Shehbaz, I. A., M. A. Beilstein, and E. A. Kellogg, ... Nasturtium (/nəˈstɜːrʃəm/) is a genus of seven plant species in the family Brassicaceae (cabbage family), best known for the ... Systematics and phylogeny of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): an overview. Plant Systematics and Evolution 259: 89-120. ...
I: Families Brassicaceae, Goodenaceae p.p., Lentibulariaceae, Campanulaceae p.p., Orchidaceae, Pittosporaceae p.p., Rutaceae p. ...
Brassicaceae), a New Genus of Arabidopsoid Affinities from Russia and North America". Novon. 11 (3): 332-336. doi:10.2307/ ... It is in the family Brassicaceae. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 14 Aug 2018 http://www.tropicos.org/Name/50245416 ...
Brassicaceae). Darwiniana 44: 341-358. Warwick, S. I., A. Francis & I. A. Al-Shehbaz. 2006. Brassicaceae: species checklist and ... Brassicaceae phylogeny and trichome evolution. Am. J. Bot. 93: 607-619. Mitchell-Olds, T., I. A. Al-Shehbaz, M. Koch & T. F. ... Brassicaceae: chromosome number index and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259: 237-248. Al-Shehbaz, I. A., M. A. Beilstein ... Al-Shehbaz's primary area of interest is Brassicaceae and The Durango Herald called him "a world expert on taxonomy of the ...
"Brassicaceae". The Plantlist. Retrieved 2017-10-09.. *^ a b c d Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2012). "Neotropical Brassicaceae". ... Brassicaceae (/ˌbræsɪˈkeɪsii/) or Cruciferae (/kruːˈsɪfəri/)[2] is a medium-sized and economically important family of ... The Brassicaceae also includes ornamentals, such as species of Aethionema, Alyssum, Arabis, Aubrieta, Aurinia, Cheiranthus, ... The name Brassicaceae comes to international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Brassica, the type genus, + -aceae,[11] ...
Capparaceae + [ Cleomaceae + Brassicaceae ] ] forms a clade within Brassicales, as does [ Cleomaceae + Brassicaceae ], but no ... Brassicaceae. *A taxonomic family within the order Brassicales - the mustard or cabbage family. The alternative name is ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Brassicaceae&oldid=48530305" ...
... Name. Synonyms. Arabidaceae. Cruciferae. Drabaceae. Erysimaceae. Isatidaceae. Raphanaceae. Schizopetalaceae. ... Brassicaceae. Common names. Kreuzblütler in German. crucifers in English. kruisbloemenfamilie in Dutch. moutardes in French. ... Brassicaceae Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank FAMILY Published in Outl. Bot.: 854, 1093, 1123. Feb http://creativecommons. ...
The tribe Camelineae (Brassicaceae) contains eight genera: Arabidopsis, Camelina, Capsella, Catolobus, Chrysochamela, Neslia, ... Vernie G. Sagun and Carol Auer "Pollen morphology of selected Camelineae (Brassicaceae)," Palynology 41(1-2), 255-266, (1 May ... His research interests include plant systematics, and palynology of the Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthaceae and Brassicaceae. **Carol ... Vernie G. Sagun, Carol Auer "Pollen morphology of selected Camelineae (Brassicaceae)," Palynology, 41(1-2), 255-266, (1 May ...
This is a list of genera in the plant family Brassicaceae, the cabbages and mustards. Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P ...
Brassicaceae Burnett Outlines Bot. (Burnett) 854, 1093, 1123. (1835), nom. cons. *. Type genus. : Brassica L. Sp. Pl. 2: 666. ( ... Brassicaceae: species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Plant Systematics and Evolution 259(2-4): 249-258. DOI: 10.1007/s00606- ... A synopsis of the genus Noccaea (Coluteocarpeae, Brassicaceae). Harvard Papers in Botany 19(1): 25-51. DOI: 10.3100/hpib. ... BrassiBase: Introduction to a novel database on Brassicaceae evolution. Plant and Cell Physiology 55(1): e3. DOI: 10.1093/pcp/ ...
Contact/Feedback Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) . Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/ [accessed on ]. Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on .. We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium. ...
... flora.huh.harvard.edu/Brassicaceae/navikey/Brassicaceae_Genera_World/Brassicaceae_Genera_World_NaviKey.html ... The Brassicaceae include several important crop plants grown in the Neotropics as vegetables (e.g., species of Brassica and ... The Neotropical Brassicaceae include 274 species in 45 genera, of which the 238 native species belong to 28 genera. *The 36 ... The Brassicaceae (also known as Cruciferae) is type family of the order Brassicales that includes 17 other families, including ...
The petals of most species of Brassicaceae are arranged in the shape of a cross, leading to the common name crucifer and the ...
Brassicaceae Burnett 十字花科 shi zi hua ke Authors: Tai-yien Cheo, Lianli Lu, Guang Yang, Ihsan Al-Shehbaz & Vladimir Dorofeev ... The Brassicaceae include many important crop plants that are grown as vegetables (Brassica, Nasturtium, Raphanus) and sources ... The delimitation of genera in the Brassicaceae is often difficult because of the frequent independent evolution of what appear ...
Brassicaceae S. M. H. JAFRI Herbarium, Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi ...
High impact information on Brassicaceae. *For the Brassicaceae type, the gene controlling male function, SCR/SP11, and the gene ... Gene context of Brassicaceae. *Phylogenetic utility of the nuclear gene arginine decarboxylase: an example from Brassicaceae [ ... The evolution of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene family by loss of introns in plants of the genus Leavenworthia (Brassicaceae). ... Growth stimulation of ectomycorrhizal fungi by root exudates of Brassicaceae plants: role of degraded compounds of indole ...
Herbs or subshrubs [shrubs or, rarely, lianas or trees], annual, biennial, or perennial; usually terrestrial, rarely submerged aquatics; with pungent watery juice; scapose or not; pubescent or glabrous, usually without papillae or tubercles (multicellular glandular papillae or tubercles present in Bunias, Chorispora, and Parrya); taprooted or rhizomatous (rarely stoloniferous), caudex simple or branched, sometimes woody, rhizomes slender or thick. Trichomes unicellular, simple, stalked, or sessile; forked, stellate, dendritic, malpighiaceous (medifixed, 2-fid, appressed), or peltate and scalelike, eglandular. Stems (absent in Idahoa, sometimes Leavenworthia) usually erect, sometimes ascending, descending, prostrate, decumbent, or procumbent; branched or unbranched. Leaves (sometimes persistent) cauline usually present, basal present or not (sometimes rhizomal present in Cardamine), rosulate or not, usually alternate (sometimes opposite or whorled in Cardamine angustata, C. concatenata, and C. ...
Bidirectional but asymmetrical sexual hybridization between Brassica carinata and Sinapis arvensis (Brassicaceae).. Cheung KW1 ...
Here we report that the genetic locus encoding self-pollen recognition has evolved twice in the Brassicaceae family, ... In all Brassicaceae species in which the molecular basis of SI has been investigated in detail, the product of the S-locus ... It has been noted that the Brassicaceae is enriched for S-receptor kinase genes and these often occur near SCR-like genes [33] ... In both cases we assume that divergence of SRK and Lal2 predates the origin of SI in the Brassicaceae, and moreover, at the ...
In the Brassicaceae, SI is sporophytic and controlled by the self-incompatibility locus (S-locus). The S-locus harbors two ... 4. On the origin of the widespread self-compatible allotetraploid Capsella bursa-pastoris (Brassicaceae). Open this publication ... In sum, this thesis provides new insights into the broad conservation of dominance hierarchies at the Brassicaceae S-locus, and ... 3. Evolutionary stability of genetic dominance in the Brassicaceae self-incompatibility system. Open this publication in new ...
Additionally, several representatives of the family Brassicaceae have potential to grow fast, yield high biomass, well-adapted ... This Frontiers Research Topic The Brassicaceae- Agri-Horticultural and Environmental Perspectives is an effort to provide a ... The Brassicaceae (the mustard family, or Cruciferae), an angiosperm family includes several plants of major agronomic, ... Taxonomy of family Brassicaceae; - Contribution of Brassicaceae family to plant taxonomy research; -Brassicaceae-phylogeny and ...
Xue J, Rask L: The unusual 5 splicing border GC is used in myrosinase genes of the Brassicaceae. Plant Mol Biol 29: 167-171 ( ... Xue J, Lenman M, Falk A, Rask L: The glucosinolatedegrading enzyme myrosinase in Brassicaceae is encoded by a gene family. ... Thangstad OP, Evjen K, Bones A: Immunogold-EMlocalization of myrosinase in Brassicaceae. Protoplasma 161: 85-93 (1991).Google ... Thangstad OP, Winge P, Husbye H, Bones A: The myrosinase (thioglucoside glucohydrolase) gene family in Brassicaceae. Plant Mol ...
1994) recommended that the Brassicaceae and Capparaceae (including Cleomaceae) be united into one family, Brassicaceae. ... Brassicaceae Burnett Cruciferae Jussieu, Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz Herbs or subshrubs [shrubs or, rarely, lianas or trees], annual, ... The Brassicaceae include important crop plants that are grown as vegetables (e.g., Brassica, Eruca, Lepidium, Nasturtium, ... The Brassicaceae have been regarded as a natural group for over 250 years, beginning with their treatment by Linnaeus in 1753 ...
Brassica (Brassicaceae) II. Inter- and intraspecific crosses with cultivars of B. oleracea. Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 42: 165-178. ... Fobis-Loisy, I., C. Miege and T. Gaude, 2004 Molecular evolution of the S locus controlling mating in the Brassicaceae. Plant ... Evolution of the Brassicaceae S locus:. Whereas there is good evidence that the origin of SI is monophyletic in the ... Self-incompatibility (SI) in the Brassicaceae plant family is controlled by the SRK and SCR genes situated at the S locus. A ...
DNA barcoding, Leymus (Poaceae), Lepidium (Brassicaceae), polymorphic information, spacer regions. Related Search. *Gene ... DNA barcoding of western North American taxa: Leymus (Poaceae) and Lepidium (Brassicaceae). Logan, UT: Utah State University. ... DNA barcoding of western North American taxa: Leymus (Poaceae) and Lepidium (Brassicaceae) ...
Pictures of brassicaceae wildflowers of West USA. Pink-purple flowers of boechera pulchra, along the Panorama Trail, Joshua ... Keywords: Brassicaceae, Boechera Pulchra, California, wildflowers, princes rock cress, pink flowers, plants. License/purchase ...
Pictures of brassicaceae wildflowers of West USA. All-yellow flowers of draba aurea - Porphyry Basin Trail, San Juan Mountains ... Keywords: Brassicaceae, Draba Aurea, Colorado, brassicaceae, wildflowers, golden draba, yellow flowers. License/purchase this ...
Images, descriptions and identification of plants growing in the wilds of Montana. Edible, poisonous and plants for medicinal use.
Unearthing a sesterterpene biosynthetic repertoire in the Brassicaceae through genome mining reveals convergent evolution.. ... Unearthing a sesterterpene biosynthetic repertoire in the Brassicaceae through genome mining reveals convergent evolution ... Unearthing a sesterterpene biosynthetic repertoire in the Brassicaceae through genome mining reveals convergent evolution ... Unearthing a sesterterpene biosynthetic repertoire in the Brassicaceae through genome mining reveals convergent evolution ...
Nucleotide sequence variation of GLABRA1 contributing to phenotypic variation of leaf hairiness in Brassicaceae vegetables. ...
Ecology: rare introduction to sub-arctic; gardens, orchards, fields(grain, mustard, sunflowers), pastures, woods, thickets, shores, flats; ballast, elevators, roadsides, railways, and waste places; ...
Brassicaceae are fast growing species characterized by a relatively high sulfur requirement (Westerman et al., 2001a; Castro et ... The significance of glucosinolates for sulfur storage in Brassicaceae seedlings. Tahereh Aghajanzadeh1, Malcolm J. Hawkesford2 ... Keywords: Brassicaceae, glucosinolate, hydrogen sulfide, myrosinase activity and expression, sulfur deficiency, sulfur dioxide ... Ahuja, I., Rohloff, J., and Bones, A. M. (2010). Defence Mechanisms of Brassicaceae: implications for plant-insect interactions ...
Effects of Brassicaceae Isothiocyanates on Prostate Cancer. Authors: Novío, Silvia; Cartea González, María Elena ; Soengas ... Novio_Effects of Brassicaceae...pdf. 1,17 MB. Adobe PDF. View/Open. ... Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are degradation products from glucosinolates that are present in members of the family ,i,Brassicaceae,/ ...
  • Brassicaceae (/ˌbræsɪˈkeɪsii/) or Cruciferae (/kruːˈsɪfəri/) is a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants commonly known as the mustards, the crucifers, or the cabbage family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Systematics and phylogeny of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): an overview. (wikimedia.org)
  • A generic and tribal synopsis of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). (wikimedia.org)
  • The Brassicaceae (also known as Cruciferae) is type family of the order Brassicales that includes 17 other families, including the sister family Cleomaceae . (kew.org)
  • The petals of most species of Brassicaceae are arranged in the shape of a cross, leading to the common name crucifer and the familial name Cruciferae. (tropicos.org)
  • The Brassicaceae (the mustard family, or Cruciferae), an angiosperm family includes several plants of major agronomic, scientific and economic importance. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Mustard family (Cabbage family, Brassicaceae, also known as Cruciferae) is familiar through turnip rapes, oilseed rapes, mustards and cabbages and is linked by the four-leaved (petals crossing), 6 stamens (4 tall and 2 short) and often long, narrow fruit (not always, however - shepherd's purse's fruit is triangular while on pennycresses and nasturtiums they are round). (luontoportti.com)
  • This chapter introduces the plant family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae or mustard family) and also summarizes significant roles of some representative plant species from this family for metals and metalloids phytoremediation. (springer.com)
  • Al-Shehbaz IA (1984) The tribes of Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. (springer.com)
  • Al-Shehbaz IA (1986) The genera of Lepideae (Cruciferae: Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. (springer.com)
  • Al-Shehbaz IA, Warwick SI (2007) Two new tribes (Dontostemoneae and Malcolmieae) in the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). (springer.com)
  • During work on many Himalayan, central Asian, and Chinese genera of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) for the forthcoming volume 8 of Flora of China , volume 2 (part 2) of the Flora of Nepal , and volume 4 of the Flora of Kazakstan , it became evident that the limits of several genera are artificially drawn and that many nomenclatural changes are needed to make the new names available for these floras. (harvard.edu)
  • Brassicaceae or Cruciferae ) have recently been expanded to include 38 species, several of which were previously placed in the six genera Taphrospermum C.A.Mey. (pensoft.net)
  • The plant family Brassicaceae includes several plant species of great scientific, economic and agronomic importance including model species ( Arabidopsis and Brassica ), developing model generic systems (Boechera, Brassica, and Cardamine), as well as many widely cultivated species. (springer.com)
  • Brassicaceae Biosystematics Arabidopsis spp. (springer.com)
  • Al-Shehbaz IA, O'Kane SL (2002) Taxonomy and phylogeny of Arabidopsis (Brassicaceae). (springer.com)
  • Al-Shehbaz IA, O'Kane SL Jr, Price RA (1999) Generic placement of species excluded from Arabidopsis (Brassicaceae). (springer.com)
  • By using whole-transcriptome sequencing approach, multiple Arabidopsis lyrata ONSENs with conserved heat response were found and together with ONSENs from other Brassicaceae were used to reconstruct the evolution of ONSEN HREs. (uni-koeln.de)
  • The Arabidopsis Genome Sequence as a Tool for Genome Analysis in Brassicaceae. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Here we show that this shortcoming of comparative genetic mapping experiments can be overcome by taking advantage of the Arabidopsis chromosome sequence maps ( Arabidopsis Genome Initiative, 2000 ) for comparative genome analysis between species of the Brassicaceae. (plantphysiol.org)
  • These results support research on diverse topics including pollen dispersal and gene flow in Camelina , pollen development in Arabidopsis thaliana and phylogenetic studies in the Brassicaceae. (geoscienceworld.org)
  • We present here cDNA and genomic clones for aspartic proteinases from the closely related Brassicaceae Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica napus. (elsevier.com)
  • Dear researchers, I am a smut fungus adapted to Brassicaceae hosts and infect at least 15 host species including Arabis hirsuta , the perennial model plants Arabis alpina and Arabidopsis lyrata , and also Cardamine spps . (ceplas.eu)
  • Extending the model of Arabidopsis telomere length and composition across Brassicaceae. (telomerescience.com)
  • Despite the importance of Arabidopsis in establishing a model for the structure and regulation of plant telomeres, only a handful of studies have used this information to assay components of telomeres from across land plants, or even among the closest relatives of Arabidopsis in the plant family Brassicaceae. (telomerescience.com)
  • Here, we determined how well Arabidopsis represents Brassicaceae by comparing multiple aspects of telomere biology in species that represent major clades in the family tree. (telomerescience.com)
  • Taken together, our results place the Arabidopsis model in the context of other species in Brassicaceae, making the family the best characterized plant group in regard to telomere architecture. (telomerescience.com)
  • The Brassicaceae family includes the most important plant model Arabidopsis thaliana and many cruciferous vegetable crops. (nwafu.edu.cn)
  • Brassicaceae is a family of green plants of high scientific and economic interest, including thale cress ( Arabidopsis thaliana ), cruciferous vegetables (cabbages) and rapeseed. (beds.ac.uk)
  • We reconstruct an evolutionary framework of Brassicaceae composed of high-resolution ancestral karyotypes using the genomes of modern A. thaliana , Arabidopsis lyrata , Capsella rubella , Brassica rapa and Thellungiella parvula . (beds.ac.uk)
  • On numerous genera and species of Brassicaceae, Capparaceae, Resedaceae and Tropaeolaceae, but not yet on Arabidopsis , in Britain and Arabidopsis elsewhere. (ukflymines.co.uk)
  • Pieris rapae and other butterflies of the family Pieridae are some of the best-known pests of Brassicaceae species planted as commercial crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species belonging to the Brassicaceae are mostly annual, biennial, or perennial herbaceous plants, some are dwarf shrubs or shrubs, and very few vines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brassicaceae: species checklist and database on CD-Rom. (wikimedia.org)
  • In all Brassicaceae species in which the molecular basis of SI has been investigated in detail, the product of the S-locus receptor kinase ( SRK ) gene functions as receptor in the initial step of the self pollen-rejection pathway, while that of the S-locus cysteine-rich ( SCR ) gene functions as ligand. (plos.org)
  • Here, we used DNA sequences from the SRK and SCR genes of the wild Brassica species Brassica cretica , together with publicly available sequence data from other Brassicaceae species, to investigate the evolutionary relationships among S haplotypes in the Brassicaceae family. (genetics.org)
  • These secondary sulfur compounds are responsible for the spicy flavor of many species of the Brassicaceae, e.g., mustard and radish ( Schnug, 1990 , 1993 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • This study was conducted to determine the ecological risk to native plants and weedy Brassicaceae species which may be growing in areas affected by off target movement of glyphosate applied to glyphosate-resistant canola (Brassica napus). (epa.gov)
  • Ten native grass and forb species were selected based on their importance in prairie areas of North Dakota and four Brassicaceae species (Brassica juncea, B. nigra, B. rapa and Sinapis arvensis) were selected based on their ability to cross with B. napus. (epa.gov)
  • The Brassicaceae species responded similarly to glyphosate with NOEC values of 0.018 × FAR and EC25 values between approximately 0.01 and 0.1 × FAR. (epa.gov)
  • Brassicaceae family is one of the largest dicot families of flowering (angiospermic) plant kingdom which comprises 10-19 tribes with a total of 338-360 genera and nearly 3,709 species. (springer.com)
  • North American lake cress, Rorippa aquatica (Eaton) EJ Palmer & Steyermark (Brassicaceae), is listed as an endangered or threatened species. (scirp.org)
  • Heat-responsiveness of COPIA families is correlated with the presence of putative high affinity heat shock factor binding HREs within their long terminal repeats in seven Brassicaceae species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Notably, HATE represents so far unknown COPIA family which occurs in several Brassicaceae species but is absent in A. thaliana. (uni-koeln.de)
  • Thus, these two closely related species that differ in respect to base chromosome number offer an excellent opportunity to reveal patterns of chromosome evolution in Brassicaceae. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Abdelaziz Mohamed M, Lorite J, Munoz-Pajares AJ, Herrador MB, Perfectti F & Gomez JM (2011) Using complementary techniques to distinguish cryptic species: A new Erysimum (Brassicaceae) species from North Africa, American Journal of Botany, 98 (6), pp. 1049-1060. (stir.ac.uk)
  • KGBassembler (Brassicaceae genome assembler) is a C++ based tool for assembling contigs and/or scaffolds to full chromosomes based on the karyotype maps of Brassicaceae species and without the need of genetic and physical maps. (mybiosoftware.com)
  • However, de novo assembly of full chromosomes is difficult, since many non-model Brassicaceae species are lacking genetic and/or physical maps. (nwafu.edu.cn)
  • Taking this advantage, we developed a bioinformatic tool named KGBassembler to automatically finalize assembly of full chromosomes from contigs and/or scaffolds based on available karyotypes of Brassicaceae species. (nwafu.edu.cn)
  • These species represent the Brassicaceae lineages I and II, derived from a common ancestor ≈ 20 million years ago (hereafter mya), and include two closely related tribes: the Camelineae ( A. thaliana , A. lyrata , C. rubella ) and the Calepineae ( B. rapa , representative of the Brassiceae, and T. parvula , representative of the Eutremae). (beds.ac.uk)
  • The most of them belong to Chenopodiaceae family, one species was studied in Amaranthaceae and Brassicaceae. (cuisinedocbox.com)
  • The name Brassicaceae comes to international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Brassica, the type genus, + -aceae, a standardized suffix for plant family names in modern taxonomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Brassicaceae include many important crop plants that are grown as vegetables ( Brassica, Nasturtium, Raphanus ) and sources of vegetable oils ( Brassica ) and condiments ( Armoracia, Brassica, Eutrema, Sinapis ). (efloras.org)
  • Bidirectional but asymmetrical sexual hybridization between Brassica carinata and Sinapis arvensis (Brassicaceae). (nih.gov)
  • 4. A gluten-free biscuit according to any one of claims 1 to 3 wherein the Brassicaceae seed protein is obtained from seeds selected from the group consisting of Brassica napus, Brassica rapa, Brassica juncea, Brassica nigra, Brassica hirta and combinations of these. (sumobrain.com)
  • Early DNA-analysis showed that the Capparaceae-as defined at that moment-were paraphyletic , and it was suggested to assign the genera closest to the Brassicaceae to the Cleomaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a list of genera in the plant family Brassicaceae, the cabbages and mustards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Three new genera in the tribe Euclidieae (Brassicaceae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Morphology, phylogeny, and taxonomy of Microthlaspi (Brassicaceae: Coluteocarpeae) and related genera. (wikimedia.org)
  • Phylogeny and systematics of the tribe Thlaspideae (Brassicaceae) and the recognition of two new genera. (wikimedia.org)
  • Al-Shehbaz IA, Mummenhoff K (2005) Transfer of the South African genera Brachycarpaea, Cycloptychis, Schlechteria, Silicularia , and Thlaspeocarpa to Heliophila (Brassicaceae). (springer.com)
  • Hara (1974, 1978) described four new genera of Brassicaceae from Nepal and Bhutan, of which Staintoniella and Glaribraya are pertinent to the present study. (harvard.edu)
  • Nature Picture Library Pollen and nectar flower mix strip with Mustard (Brassicaceae), Common sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) and Red clover (Trifolium pratense) bordering a Barley crop (Hordeum vulgare), Marlborough Downs, Wiltshire, UK, July. (naturepl.com)
  • Pollen and nectar flower mix strip with Mustard (Brassicaceae), Common sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) and Red clover (Trifolium pratense) bordering a Barley crop (Hordeum vulgare), Marlborough Downs, Wiltshire, UK, July. (naturepl.com)
  • Lepidium is a genus of plants in the mustard/cabbage family, Brassicaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • This research project tests this theory in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). (cmich.edu)
  • Taxa of the genus Odontarrhena (Brassicaceae) in Balkan - taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships. (botanyconference.org)
  • A synopsis of the genus Noccaea (Coluteocarpeae, Brassicaceae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Here we examine the hypothesis that the S locus in the Brassicaceae genus Leavenworthia is paralogous with the S locus previously characterized in other members of the family. (plos.org)
  • In this study, we have analyzed the gene sequence, genome organization, and gene evolutionary history of S loci in members of the Brassicaceae family, which includes plants of the genus Leavenworthia. (plos.org)
  • We suggest that these genes have evolved to assume the function of the pollen recognition system of SI in Leavenworthia-that is, that there has been de novo emergence of a distinct Brassicaceae S locus in this genus. (plos.org)
  • Chantha S-C, Herman AC, Platts AE, Vekemans X, Schoen DJ (2013) Secondary Evolution of a Self-Incompatibility Locus in the Brassicaceae Genus Leavenworthia. (plos.org)
  • Al-Shehbaz IA (2005) Nomenclatural notes on Eurasian Arabis (Brassicaceae). (springer.com)
  • Arabis holboellii is a North American member of the Brassicaceae that can reproduce via sex or apomixis. (mpg.de)
  • In 1994, a group of scientists including Walter Stephen Judd suggested to include the Capparaceae in the Brassicaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other classifications have continued to recognize the Capparaceae, but with a more restricted circumscription, either including Cleome and its relatives in the Brassicaceae or recognizing them in the segregate family Cleomaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Capparaceae + [ Cleomaceae + Brassicaceae ] ] forms a clade within Brassicales , as does [ Cleomaceae + Brassicaceae ], but no name for these clades has been generally accepted. (wiktionary.org)
  • Studies in the Cleomaceae I: On the separate recognition of Capparaceae, Cleomaceae, and Brassicaceae. (wikimedia.org)
  • Asemaneh T, Ghaderian SM, Crawford SA, Marshall AT, Baker AJM (2006) Cellular and subcellular compartmentation of Ni in the Eurasian serpentine plants Alyssum bracteatum, Alyssum murale (Brassicaceae) and Cleome heratensis (Capparaceae). (springer.com)
  • [5] The Cleomaceae and Brassicaceae diverged approximately 41 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] The APG II system, merged Cleomaceae and Brassicaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Self-incompatibility (SI) in the Brassicaceae plant family is controlled by the SRK and SCR genes situated at the S locus. (genetics.org)
  • Several members of Brassicaceae family are well known metal accumulators. (springer.com)
  • The well-known model plants from the family Brassicaceae viz . (springer.com)
  • In addition, several representatives of the family Brassicaceae are equally playing significant roles for achieving environmental sustainability. (springer.com)
  • armoraciae strain 5 is a Brassicaceae pathogen that expresses three members of the highly related avrBs3 gene family of type III effectors. (apsnet.org)
  • Intriguingly, the nucleus-located SSL genes in Brassicaceae belonged to a new member of SSL gene family, which were originated from gene duplication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, in the Brassicaceae family the expression of NLR genes is skewed toward the shoot. (plantae.org)
  • Ключевые слова: числа хромосом, сосудистые растения, Amaranthaceae, Brassicaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Россия This paper continues our contributions to chromosome counts of the vascular plants especially belonging to the family Chenopodiaceae. (cuisinedocbox.com)
  • H. Nakayama, K. Fukushima, T. Fukuda, J. Yokoyama and S. Kimura, "Molecular Phylogeny Determined Using Chloroplast DNA Inferred a New Phylogenetic Relationship of Rorippa aquatica (Eaton) EJ Palmer & Steyermark (Brassicaceae)-Lake Cress," American Journal of Plant Sciences , Vol. 5 No. 1, 2014, pp. 48-54. (scirp.org)
  • D. H. Les, G. J. Anderson and M. A. Cleland, "Sterility in North American Lake Cress, Neobeckia aquatica (Brassicaceae): Inferences from Chromosome Number," Rhodora, Vol. 97, 1995, pp. 185-200. (scirp.org)
  • Molecular phylogeny reveals the non-monophyly of tribe Yinshanieae (Brassicaceae) and description of a new tribe, Hillielleae. (wikimedia.org)
  • Contribution to ITS phylogeny of the Brassicaceae, with special reference to some Asian taxa. (wikimedia.org)
  • Resolving the backbone of the Brassicaceae phylogeny for investigating trait diversity. (wikimedia.org)
  • Abdel Khalik K, Van Den Berg RG, Van Der Maesen LJG, El Hadidi MN (2002) Pollen morphology of some tribes of Brassicaceae from Egypt and its systematic implications. (springer.com)
  • The subspecies of Physaria kingii (S. Watson) O'Kane and Al-Shehbaz (Brassicaceae) have historically been a difficult group to delimit taxonomically based on morphology, geography, and ecology. (uni.edu)
  • The three inferred ancestral karyotype genomes are shown here to be powerful tools to unravel the reticulated evolutionary history of extant Brassicaceae genomes regarding the fate of ancestral genes and genomic compartments, particularly centromeres and evolutionary breakpoints. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The Brassicaceae is an ideal group to investigate this pollen evolution question. (cmich.edu)
  • Introduction to a novel database on Brassicaceae evolution. (wikimedia.org)
  • Unearthing a sesterterpene biosynthetic repertoire in the Brassicaceae through genome mining reveals convergent evolution. (nih.gov)
  • The strong HRE of ONSEN is conserved over millions of years and has evolved by duplication of a proto-HRE sequence, which was already present early in the evolution of the Brassicaceae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • This thesis focused on the evolution of ONSEN heat responsiveness in Brassicaceae. (uni-koeln.de)
  • Subsequent phylogenetic analysis indicated a repeated evolution of heat responsiveness within Brassicaceae COPIA LTR-retrotransposons. (uni-koeln.de)
  • Diese Doktorarbeit beschäftigt sich mit der Evolution der durch Hitze induzierten Aktivierung von ONSEN in Brassicaceae. (uni-koeln.de)
  • In the Brassicaceae, SI is sporophytic and controlled by the self-incompatibility locus ( S- locus). (diva-portal.org)
  • A journal of plant science and conservation DOI: /bp Contribution to chromosome study in some vascular plants from Russia: Chenopodiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Brassicaceae Maria N. Lomonosova Maria N. Lomonosova Central Siberian Botanical Garden SB RAS Novosibirsk, Russia * corresponding author Manuscript received: Review completed: Accepted for publication: Published online: ABSTRACT Chromosome numbers for 31 taxa of vascular plants studied on the material from Russia are given. (cuisinedocbox.com)
  • His research interests include plant systematics, and palynology of the Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthaceae and Brassicaceae. (bioone.org)
  • In sum, this thesis provides new insights into the broad conservation of dominance hierarchies at the Brassicaceae S -locus, and the role of dominant S -alleles in allopolyploid speciation and plant mating system shifts. (diva-portal.org)
  • This Frontiers Research Topic ' The Brassicaceae- Agri-Horticultural and Environmental Perspectives' is an effort to provide a common platform to agronomists, horticulturists, plant breeders/tissue culturists, plant geneticists/molecular biologists, plant physiologists and environmental plant scientists addressing sustainable approaches to improve crop productivity and quality, and sustainably resolving varied environmental contamination issues. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here, using a customized algorithm for systematically searching plant genomes, we reveal a suite of physically colocalized pairs of PT and TPS genes for the biosynthesis of a large sesterterpene repertoire in the wider Brassicaceae. (nih.gov)
  • A thorough transcriptome screening revealed that a strictosidine synthase-like ( SSL ) gene in the root parasitic plant Orobanche aegyptiaca and the shoot parasitic plant Cuscuta australis showed much higher sequence similarities with those in Brassicaceae than with those in their close relatives, suggesting independent gene horizontal transfer events from Brassicaceae to these parasites. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Like other plant aspartic proteases, the two Brassicaceae enzymes contain an extra protein domain of about 100 amino acids relative to the mammalian forms. (elsevier.com)
  • The BSBI provide a downloadable plant crib for Brassicaceae . (ukflymines.co.uk)
  • Moreover, they appear to belong to a lineage that diverged from the ancestral Brassicaceae S -locus genes before allelic diversification at the S locus. (plos.org)
  • From our analyses, we conclude that both genes that comprise the ancestral S locus in the Brassicaceae were lost in Leavenworthia. (plos.org)
  • Closing the gaps: phylogenetic relationships in the Brassicaceae based on DNA sequence data of nuclear ribosomal ITS region. (wikimedia.org)
  • Since I am related to the well-established model pathogen of grasses Ustilago maydis , you will be able to take advantage of the advanced genetic tools and methods of smut fungi and apply them to Brassicaceae model systems. (ceplas.eu)
  • We welcome contributions from researchers from over the globe working in the major field of agri-horticultural and environmental perspectives of Brassicaceae plants. (frontiersin.org)
  • and -Strategies for improving potential of Brassicaceae plants in agri-horticultural and environmental perspectives. (frontiersin.org)
  • Hyperaccumulation and hypertolerance traits associated with Brassicaceae ignited interests in scientific community to understand and investigate the range of mechanisms and omics in these plants with relation to accumulation of metals and their detoxification. (springer.com)
  • In this chapter we will try to discuss the mechanism of heavy metal uptake in Brassicaceae and their tolerance and detoxification pathways in these plants. (springer.com)
  • In this context, Brassicaceae are considered important vegetables due to several evidences of their health promoting effects that are associated to bioactive compounds present in the edible parts of the plants. (mdpi.com)
  • The ancestral Brassicaceae karyotype (Brassicaceae lineages I and II) is composed of eight protochromosomes and 20,037 ordered and oriented protogenes. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Therefore, although ancestral Brassicaceae karyotypes (i.e., study of chromosome number variation) have been proposed, largely based on low resolution pairwise genome comparisons using the 24 GBs, a precise gene-based paleogenomic inference of ancestral genomes through robust protochromosome reconstruction and definition of ancestral gene order is still lacking. (beds.ac.uk)
  • As a unique feature for Brassicaceae, the genome of each member is composed of 24 conserved chromosomal blocks, and the arrangement of the 24 blocks can be obtained from karyotype analysis via comparative chromosome painting experiments. (nwafu.edu.cn)
  • 8 ]). They proposed that extant genomes evolved from an ancestral Brassicaceae karyotype (ABK) made of eight chromosomes. (beds.ac.uk)
  • К изучению чисел хромосом у некоторых сосудистых растений России из семейств Chenopodiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Brassicaceae. (cuisinedocbox.com)
  • Большинство из них относятся к семейству Chenopodiaceae, по одному виду исследовано в семействах Amaranthaceae и Brassicaceae. (cuisinedocbox.com)