A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE known for its peppery red root.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.
A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavored leaves, due to gluconapin (GLUCOSINOLATES) and its hydrolysis product butenylisotrhiocyanate. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. Flowers have 4 petals. Podlike fruits contain a number of seeds. Cress is a general term used for many in the Brassicacea family. Rockcress is usually ARABIS; Bittercress is usually CARDAMINE; Yellowcress is usually RORIPPA; Pennycress is usually THLASPI; Watercress refers to NASTURTIUM; or RORIPPA or TROPAEOLUM; Gardencress refers to LEPIDIUM; Indiancress refers to TROPAEOLUM.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A plant genus of the family TILIACEAE. Members contain cycloartane saponins and CARDENOLIDES.
A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.
The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Infection with group A streptococci that is characterized by tonsillitis and pharyngitis. An erythematous rash is commonly present.
Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.
Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

Functional expression of Cf9 and Avr9 genes in Brassica napus induces enhanced resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans. (1/214)

The tomato Cf9 resistance gene induces an Avr9-dependent hypersensitive response (HR) in tomato and transgenic Solanaceae spp. We studied whether the Cf9 gene product responded functionally to the corresponding Avr9 gene product when introduced in a heterologous plant species. We successfully expressed the Cf9 gene under control of its own promoter and the Avr9 or Avr9R8K genes under control of the p35S1 promoter in transgenic oilseed rape. We demonstrated that the transgenic oilseed rape plants produced the Avr9 elicitor with the same specific necrosis-inducing activity as reported for Cladosporium fulvum. An Avr9-dependent HR was induced in Cf9 oilseed rape upon injection of intercellular fluid containing Avr9. We showed Avr9-specific induction of PR1, PR2, and Cxc750 defense genes in oilseed rape expressing CJ9. Cf9 x Avr9 oilseed rape did not result in seedling death of the F1 progeny, independent of the promoters used to express the genes. The F1 (Cf9 x Avr9) plants, however, were quantitatively more resistant to Leptosphaeria maculans. Phytopathological analyses revealed that disease development of L. maculans was delayed when the pathogen was applied on an Avr9-mediated HR site. We demonstrate that the CJ9 and Avr9 gene can be functionally expressed in a heterologous plant species and that the two components confer an increase in disease resistance.  (+info)

Recombinant pronapin precursor produced in Pichia pastoris displays structural and immunologic equivalent properties to its mature product isolated from rapeseed. (2/214)

2S albumin storage proteins from rapeseed (Brassica napus), called napins, consist of two different polypeptide chains linked by disulphide bridges, which are derived by proteolytic cleavage from a single precursor. The precursor form of the napin BnIb (proBnIb) has been cloned using a PCR strategy and sequenced. The amino-acid sequence deduced from the clone includes 31 residues of the small chain and 75 of the large chain, which are connected by the peptide Ser-Glu-Asn. Expression of the cDNA encoding proBnIb has been carried out in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. The induced protein was secreted to the extracellular medium at a yield of 80 mg.L(-1) of culture and was purified by means of size-exclusion chromatography and reverse phase-HPLC. Recombinant proBnIb appeared properly folded as its molecular and spectroscopic properties were equivalent to those of the mature heterodimeric protein. As 2S albumin storage proteins from Brassicaceae have been shown to be type I allergy inducers, the immunological activity of the recombinant proBnIb was analysed as a measure of its structural integrity. The immunological properties of the recombinant precursor and the natural napin were indistinguishable by immunoblotting and ELISA inhibition using polyclonal antisera and sera of patients allergic to mustard and rapeseed. In conclusion, the recombinant expression of napin precursors in P. pastoris has been shown to be a successful method for high yield production of homogeneous and properly folded proteins whose polymorphism and complex maturation process limited hitherto their availability.  (+info)

Toxic oil syndrome: the perspective after 20 years. (3/214)

Toxic oil syndrome burst upon the scene in Spain in May of 1981, draining the resources of a newly evolving political and social medicine system. The vehicle of the causative toxic agent was identified as an illicit oil that had been diverted from industrial use and refined in order to remove the aniline denaturant, and that was sold in unlabeled 5-liter containers by itinerant salesmen. Over 20,000 people were ultimately affected, and over 1,200 deaths from all causes have been recorded in the affected cohort. The epidemiologic investigation of toxic oil syndrome involved all facets of investigative and analytical work; from visits to factories and interviewing workers, to sophisticated chemical and statistical analytical techniques. This investigation serves as a further illustration that data and information of all types, and from a wide range of fields, need to be systematically collected and evaluated in order to best resolve an epidemiologic mystery. Astute clinical observation of the patients, however, led to the hypothesis that toxic oil syndrome was a result of a toxic exposure. In this and other epidemics of unknown etiology, clinical observation and the intense scrutiny of patients' histories, signs, and symptoms by treating clinicians have often led to hypotheses that could be tested epidemiologically. When there are medical unknowns, the role of the astute clinician continues to be crucial. The toxic oil syndrome epidemic is an example of how even a developed country can be affected by a massive epidemic of environmental origin if failures occur in the systems that control and regulate the food supply or other consumer products. However, such failures could occur anywhere that large commercial networks operate on the regulatory edge, and if these business lack an in depth knowledge of the consequences of alterations in manufacturing conditions. Such was the case with eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome as well, when apparently minor alterations in manufacturing conditions of L-tryptophan led to an increase in impurities in the product that were later associated with the illness. These risks are even greater in countries with few or inconsistent control systems, making the food and drug supply potential portals of entry for serious health hazards, as is further exemplified by the tragic episode of pediatric renal failure in Haiti associated with a legitimate consumer product, paracetamol elixir, that had been manufactured using a fraudulently supplied toxic ingredient, diethylene glycol (81). The potential toxicants in the adulterated rapeseed oil were present in extremely small amounts. If fatty acid anilides or related compounds are indeed the etiologic agents in toxic oil syndrome, then these compounds must be extremely toxic at the parts per million concentrations at which they were found. Further, the roles of causative agents in the development of disorders such as scleroderma, eosinophilic fasciitis, eosinophilic perimyositis, and other similar diseases are unknown, but scientists can speculate that some sort of low level environmental agent may play a role if such extremely small quantities of contaminants are indeed capable of causing disease. Although the exact identity of the etiologic agent in toxic oil syndrome remains unknown, work on toxic oil syndrome continues. Follow-up clinical studies and long-term mortality studies are under way. Investigation of the mechanisms involved in toxic oil syndrome continues. The identification of suspect chemical compounds, their characterization, and effects will hopefully one day contribute to the prevention of other similar diseases.  (+info)

Male fitness of oilseed rape (Brassica napus), weedy B. rapa and their F(1) hybrids when pollinating B. rapa seeds. (4/214)

The likelihood that two species hybridise and backcross may depend strongly on environmental conditions, and possibly on competitive interactions between parents and hybrids. We studied the paternity of seeds produced by weedy Brassica rapa growing in mixtures with oilseed rape (B. napus) and their F(1) hybrids at different frequencies and densities. Paternity was determined by the presence of a transgene, morphology, and AFLP markers. In addition, observations of flower and pollen production, and published data on pollen fertilisation success, zygote survival, and seed germination, allowed us to estimate an expected paternity. The frequency and density of B. napus, B. rapa, and F(1) plants had a strong influence on flower, pollen, and seed production, and on the paternity of B. rapa seeds. Hybridisation and backcrossing mostly occurred at low densities and at high frequencies of B. napus and F(1), respectively. F(1) and backcross offspring were produced mainly by a few B. rapa mother plants. The observed hybridisation and backcrossing frequencies were much lower than expected from our compilation of fitness components. Our results show that the male fitness of B. rapa, B. napus, and F(1) hybrids is strongly influenced by their local frequencies, and that male fitness of F(1)hybrids, when pollinating B. rapa seeds, is low even when their female fitness (seed set) is high.  (+info)

Supplementing barley or rapeseed meal to dairy cows fed grass-red clover silage: I. Rumen degradability and microbial flow. (5/214)

The present study was conducted to measure the flow of microbial and nonmicrobial N fractions entering the omasal canal of lactating dairy cows fed grass-red clover silage supplemented with barley and rapeseed meal. Four ruminally cannulated Finnish Ayrshire dairy cows were fed, in a 4 x 4 Latin square design, grass-red clover silage alone or supplemented with (on DM basis) 5.1 kg/d of barley, 1.9 kg/d of rape-seed meal or 5.1 kg/d of barley and 1.9 kg/d rapeseed meal. Nonammonia N flow entering the omasal canal was fractionated into microbial and nonmicrobial N using 15N. Microbial N was fractionated into N associated with liquid-associated bacteria, particle-associated bacteria, and protozoa. Supplementation of diets with barley increased microbial N flow entering the omasal canal (P < 0.01) but had no effect on nonmicrobial N flow. Increased microbial N flow was attributed to liquid-associated bacteria and protozoa. Barley had no effect on apparent ruminal N degradability, but increased true ruminal N degradability (P < 0.01). Barley had no effect on urinary N excretion, but increased daily N retention (P = 0.03). Furthermore, barley supplementation decreased ruminal (P = 0.02) and total tract (P < 0.01) NDF digestibility. Supplementation of diets with rapeseed meal increased apparent ruminal N degradability (P < 0.01) and nonmicrobial N flow entering the omasal canal (P < 0.01), but had no effect on true ruminal N degradability. Despite higher N excretion in urine, rapeseed meal improved daily N retention (P < 0.01). Milk yield was increased (P < 0.01) by barley and rapeseed meal supplements, with the responses being additive. Responses attained with barley were primarily due to increased energy supply for ruminal microbes and improvements in energy and protein supply for the animal. However, provision of readily digestible carbohydrates in barley did not improve microbial capture of ruminal ammonia. Benefits associated with rapeseed meal supplementation were explained as an increase in the supply of ruminally undegradable protein.  (+info)

Supplementing barley or rapeseed meal to dairy cows fed grass-red clover silage: II. Amino acid profile of microbial fractions. (6/214)

Four ruminally cannulated dairy cows were used to examine the effect of diet on the AA composition of rumen bacteria and protozoa, and the flow of microbial and nonmicrobial AA entering the omasal canal. Cows were offered grass-red clover silage alone, or that supplemented with 5.1 kg DM of barley, 1.9 kg DM of rapeseed meal, or 5.1 kg DM of barley and 1.9 kg DM of rapeseed meal according to a 4 x 4 Latin square design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. During the first 10 d of each period, cows had free access to silage and, thereafter intake was restricted to 95% of ad libitum intake. Postruminal digesta flow was assessed using the omasal canal sampling technique in combination with a triple marker method. Liquid- (LAB) and particle- (PAB) associated bacteria were isolated from digesta in the reticulorumen and protozoa from digesta entering the omasal canal. Microbial protein flow was determined using 15N as a microbial marker. Flows of AA entering the omasal canal were similar in cows fed silage diets supplemented with barley or rapeseed meal. However, rapeseed meal increased nonmicrobial AA flow while barley increased the flow of AA associated with LAB and protozoa. Diet had negligible effects on the AA profile of microbial fractions. Comparison of AA profiles across diets indicated differences between LAB and PAB for 10 out of 17 AA measured. Rumen bacteria and protozoa were found to be different for 14 out of 15 AA measured. For grass silage-based diets, energy and protein supplementations appear to alter postruminal AA supply through modifications in the proportionate contribution of microbial and nonmicrobial pools to total protein flow rather than as a direct result of changes in the AA profile of microbial protein.  (+info)

Coevolution of the S-locus genes SRK, SLG and SP11/SCR in Brassica oleracea and B. rapa. (7/214)

Brassica self-incompatibility (SI) is controlled by SLG and SRK expressed in the stigma and by SP11/SCR expressed in the anther. We determined the sequences of the S domains of 36 SRK alleles, 13 SLG alleles, and 14 SP11 alleles from Brassica oleracea and B. rapa. We found three S haplotypes lacking SLG genes in B. rapa, confirming that SLG is not essential for the SI recognition system. Together with reported sequences, the nucleotide diversities per synonymous and nonsynonymous site (pi(S) and pi(N)) at the SRK, SLG, and SP11 loci within B. oleracea were computed. The ratios of pi(N):pi(S) for SP11 and the hypervariable region of SRK were significantly >1, suggesting operation of diversifying selection to maintain the diversity of these regions. In the phylogenetic trees of 12 SP11 sequences and their linked SRK alleles, the tree topology was not significantly different between SP11 and SRK, suggesting a tight linkage of male and female SI determinants during the evolutionary course of these haplotypes. Genetic exchanges between SLG and SRK seem to be frequent; three such recent exchanges were detected. The evolution of S haplotypes and the effect of gene conversion on self-incompatibility are discussed.  (+info)

Characterization and effects of the replicated flowering time gene FLC in Brassica rapa. (8/214)

Functional genetic redundancy is widespread in plants and could have an important impact on phenotypic diversity if the multiple gene copies act in an additive or dosage-dependent manner. We have cloned four Brassica rapa homologs (BrFLC) of the MADS-box flowering-time regulator FLC, located at the top of chromosome 5 of Arabidopsis thaliana. Relative rate tests revealed no evidence for differential rates of evolution and the ratios of nonsynonymous-to-synonymous substitutions suggest BrFLC loci are not under strong purifying selection. BrFLC1, BrFLC2, and BrFLC3 map to genomic regions that are collinear with the top of At5, consistent with a polyploid origin. BrFLC5 maps near a junction of two collinear regions to Arabidopsis, one of which includes an FLC-like gene (AGL31). However, all BrFLC sequences are more closely related to FLC than to AGL31. BrFLC1, BrFLC2, and BrFLC5 cosegregate with flowering-time loci evaluated in populations derived by backcrossing late-flowering alleles from a biennial parent into an annual parent. Two loci segregating in a single backcross population affected flowering in a completely additive manner. Thus, replicated BrFLC genes appear to have a similar function and interact in an additive manner to modulate flowering time.  (+info)

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en laméliorant (comment ?) Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera (Brassica rapa Groupe Turnip Rape), une sous-espèce de Brassica rapa, espèce de plantes de la famille des Brassicaceae, originaire dEurope et du Moyen-Orient. While ancient European farmers worked on turning field mustard into a root vegetable, in the East, B. rapa took a very different turn, evolving by human selection into a leaf vegetable. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Brassica Rapa Var. Brassica rapa oleifera is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft). parachinensis). Concombre, ... Aubergine, terung (Solanum melongena). Accessed: 2019 May. chinensis var. Photo droite: National Garden Bureau Photo droite: National Garden Bureau En Orient, le développement du B. rapa a pris un tournant très différent et on y a développé plutôt des légumes à feuilles comestibles, analogues aux choux européens ( B. oleracea ). Clapham (synonym) Preferred name: Brassica rapa subsp. Accessed May. ...
BACKGROUND: Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis) is a member of one of the most important leaf vegetables grown worldwide, which has experienced thousands of years in cultivation and artificial selection. The entire Chinese cabbage genome sequence, and more than forty thousand proteins have been obtained to date. The genome has undergone triplication events since its divergence from Arabidopsis thaliana (13 to 17 Mya), however a high degree of sequence similarity and conserved genome structure remain between the two species. Arabidopsis is therefore a viable reference species for comparative genomics studies. Variation in the number of members in gene families due to genome triplication may contribute to the broad range of phenotypic plasticity, and increased tolerance to environmental extremes observed in Brassica species. Transcription factors are important regulators involved in plant developmental and physiological processes. The AP2/ERF proteins, one of the most important ...
Potassium channels are important for many physiological functions in plants, one of which is to regulate plant adaption to stress conditions. In this study, KCT2, the gene encoding a membrane-bound protein potassium channel (GenBank accession number: ), was isolated from Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. Pekinensis) by RACE-PCR technique. Bioinformatics methods were performed for the gene structure and molecular similarity analysis. The KCT2 expression patterns under various stress conditions were studied by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. DNA gel blot was used to analyze genomic organization. The putative KCT2 was found to contain five membrane-spanning segments, a pore-forming domain (P-domain) between the last two transmembrane spans, a TxxTxGYGD motif in the P-domain and a putative cyclic nucleotide-binding-like domain within a long C-terminal region. KCT2 is closest to KAT2 in Arabidopsis. KCT2 could be a one-copy gene with different isoforms or belong to a small gene family with four or five members.
The mapping and functional analysis of quantitative traits in Brassica rapa can be greatly improved with the availability of physically positioned, gene-based genetic markers and accurate genome annotation. In this study, deep transcriptome RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of Brassica rapa was undertaken with two objectives: SNP detection and improved transcriptome annotation. We performed SNP detection on two varieties that are parents of a mapping population to aid in development of a marker system for this population and subsequent development of high-resolution genetic map. An improved Brassica rapa transcriptome was constructed to detect novel transcripts and improve the current genome annotation. This is useful for accurate mRNA abundance and detection of expression QTLs (eQTLs) in mapping populations. Deep RNA-Seq of two Brassica rapa genotypes - R500 (var. trilocularis, Yellow Sarson) and IMB211 (a rapid cycling variety) using eight different tissues (root, internode, leaf, petiole, apical ...
BACKGROUND: The present study is the first effort in a comprehensive evaluation of the nutritive and biological properties of the meal from Rapa Catozza Napoletana (RCN) (Brassica rapa L. var. rapa) cultivar seeds as a new and alternative source of proteins.. RESULTS: RCN seed meal revealed a good protein content (382.0 g kg−1) compared with conventional Brassica defatted meals. Total glucosinolates (6.0 g kg−1) were comparable to or even lower than those reported for other yellow- and brown-seeded cultivars. Low levels of both sinapine and phytic acid (10.0 and 10.0 g kg−1 respectively) suggest a minor influence of these compounds on meal mineral availability. The meal revealed quite a high polyphenolic content (13.0 g kg−1) composed of flavonol and hydroxycinnamic derivatives. With regard to meal biological properties, a higher radical-scavenging potential than reducing capacity and a broad antimicrobial spectrum, mainly against food-borne pathogens, were detected.. CONCLUSION: RCN ...
Title:Facile Synthesis of Chalcone Glycosides Isolated from Aerial Parts of Brassica rapa l. hidabeni'.. VOLUME: 15 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Galal A. Elsayed and Ali Kh. Khalil*. Affiliation:Synthetic Carbohydrates Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassi, 11566, Cairo, Synthetic Carbohydrates Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassi, 11566, Cairo. Keywords:Cruciferous, acetovanillone, chalcone, stereoselective, glycosylation, synthesis.. Abstract:Background: The Cruciferous family of vegetables which includes Brassica Turnips showed antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects. The phytochemical investigations of the aerial parts of the traditional Japanese turnip vegetable (B. rapa L. hidabeni) revealed the presence of three chalcone glycosides, along with other glycoside components. As many natural products inhibited Ag-stimulated degranulation in cellular system, those chalcone glycosides have ...
Brassica rapa L. (syn. Brassica campestris L.), commonly known as turnip, turnip rape, fast plants, field mustard, or turnip mustard, is a plant widely cultivated as a leaf vegetable (see mizuna and napa cabbage), a root vegetable (see turnip), and an oilseed (but not normally rapeseed oil, from a different Brassica species).. The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish Canola) but mostly the related species Brassica napus and Brassica juncea.. ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
The Multinational Brassica rapa Genome Sequencing Project (BrGSP) has developed valuable genomic resources, including BAC libraries, BAC-end sequences, genetic and physical maps, and seed BAC sequences for Brassica rapa. An integrated linkage map between the amphidiploid B. napus and diploid B. rapa will facilitate the rapid transfer of these valuable resources from B. rapa to B. napus (Oilseed rape, Canola). In this study, we identified over 23,000 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) from 536 sequenced BACs. 890 SSR markers (designated as BrGMS) were developed and used for the construction of an integrated linkage map for the A genome in B. rapa and B. napus. Two hundred and nineteen BrGMS markers were integrated to an existing B. napus linkage map (BnaNZDH). Among these mapped BrGMS markers, 168 were only distributed on the A genome linkage groups (LGs), 18 distrubuted both on the A and C genome LGs, and 33 only distributed on the C genome LGs. Most of the A genome LGs in B. napus were collinear with the
The Multinational Brassica rapa Genome Sequencing Project (BrGSP) has developed valuable genomic resources, including BAC libraries, BAC-end sequences, genetic and physical maps, and seed BAC sequences for Brassica rapa. An integrated linkage map between the amphidiploid B. napus and diploid B. rapa will facilitate the rapid transfer of these valuable resources from B. rapa to B. napus (Oilseed rape, Canola). In this study, we identified over 23,000 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) from 536 sequenced BACs. 890 SSR markers (designated as BrGMS) were developed and used for the construction of an integrated linkage map for the A genome in B. rapa and B. napus. Two hundred and nineteen BrGMS markers were integrated to an existing B. napus linkage map (BnaNZDH). Among these mapped BrGMS markers, 168 were only distributed on the A genome linkage groups (LGs), 18 distrubuted both on the A and C genome LGs, and 33 only distributed on the C genome LGs. Most of the A genome LGs in B. napus were collinear with the
Truncated] One of the consequences of climate change is a change in rainfall distribution with more frequent and unpredictable droughts in some regions. Drought threatens supplies of oil produced from oilseed rape/canola (Brassica napus), while at the same time, international demand for oilseeds is growing at an unprecedented rate. B. rapa, one of the diploid progenitor species of the genetically-narrow and relatively recent allopolyploid B. napus, exhibits greater genetic variation and wider natural distribution than B. napus, and therefore is a promising source of drought tolerance alleles for canola breeders. This thesis aims to develop screening methods for drought tolerance in B. rapa during the reproductive phase, and to identify expressed drought tolerance genes that may be transferred to B. napus. An integrated approach was developed to meet this goal, from assessment of genetic diversity, physiological evaluation of drought tolerance to transcriptome analysis of drought-tolerant and ...
Once a field becomes infested, there is really only one option, crop rotations of at least four years, though five to seven years or longer have been recommended, depending on the spore concentration.. Clubroot is reported to have a half-life of four years which implies that every four years, 50% of the existing spores will be unviable. After eight years 50% of the remaining spores present be unviable (meaning that after 8 years 25% of the initial resting spores are still viable). The risk of the disease in a field after the absence of a susceptible crop will depend on the levels of the spores (spore load) after the last brassica crop. In fields that are heavily infested with clubroot, the time between brassica crops may have to be lengthened from the four year (three year between brassica crops).. In order for disease to occur, a pathogen, a susceptible host, and suitable environmental conditions are required. While the best approach to managing any disease is to avoid the introduction of the ...
Once a field becomes infested, there is really only one option, crop rotations of at least four years, though five to seven years or longer have been recommended, depending on the spore concentration.. Clubroot is reported to have a half-life of four years which implies that every four years, 50% of the existing spores will be unviable. After eight years 50% of the remaining spores present be unviable (meaning that after 8 years 25% of the initial resting spores are still viable). The risk of the disease in a field after the absence of a susceptible crop will depend on the levels of the spores (spore load) after the last brassica crop. In fields that are heavily infested with clubroot, the time between brassica crops may have to be lengthened from the four year (three year between brassica crops).. In order for disease to occur, a pathogen, a susceptible host, and suitable environmental conditions are required. While the best approach to managing any disease is to avoid the introduction of the ...
Brassica rapa BCPI-1 protein: isolated from flower buds of Chinese cabbage Brassica camperstris; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank L41355
Turnip or white turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) is a root vegetable commonly grown in temperate climates worldwide for its white, bulbous taproot. Small, tender varieties are grown for human consumption, while larger varieties are grown as feed for livestock. The most common type is mostly white-skinned apart from the upper 1-6 centimeters, which protrude above the…
2007. Characterization of the centromere and peri-centromere retrotransposons in Brassica rapa and their distribution in related Brassica species. ...
Nutritional value of cake and solvent extracted meal from yellow-seeded spring rape (Brassica rapa) and brown-seeded winter rape type (Brassica napus) determined with ...
The mapping and functional analysis of quantitative traits in Brassica rapa can be greatly improved with the availability of physically positioned, gene-based genetic markers and accurate genome annotation. In this study, deep transcriptome RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of Brassica rapa was undertaken with two objectives: SNP detection and improved transcriptome annotation. We performed SNP detection on two varieties that are parents of a mapping population to aid in development of a marker system for this population and subsequent development of high-resolution genetic map. An improved Brassica rapa transcriptome was constructed to detect novel transcripts and to improve the current genome annotation. This is useful for accurate mRNA abundance and detection of expression QTL (eQTLs) in mapping populations. Deep RNA-Seq of two Brassica rapa genotypes-R500 (var. trilocularis, Yellow Sarson) and IMB211 (a rapid cycling variety)-using eight different tissues (root, internode, leaf, petiole, apical ...
Brassica rapa narinosa is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
Instructions from the Father of Fast Plants (written by Dr. Paul Williams) about growing Rapid-cycling Brassica rapa (RBR) sucessfully in a Four Cell System (4CS). This file is one of the mini-booklets from Pauls Sandbox--it is made Xerox-ready, containing two sheets that together make four copies of two mini information booklets(each booklet measures 8x12cm).The two pages describe the construction, resourcing of materials, and usage of the 4CS, an alternative growing system to the Film Can S. Published by Learning Registry #GoOpen. 3 Views, 0 Likes on Docs.com. #Educational Resources -- How to build Fast Plant supplies
Dai, Yun-Lei, Gui-Lian Shao, Fang Wang (2015) Extract of Brassica rapa suppresses ovalbumin-induced asthma by down-regulating NF-kB and p38 MAPK activity. [Publication] Full text not available from this repository ...
Wildflowers Dicots Eudicots Rosids Brassicales Brassicaceae Brassica Field mustard. Non-native, an invader from Europe. Found along roadsides, on our mesas, and on the lower reaches of most trails. Easily confused with black mustard (Brassica nigra), the best way to distinguish is to look at the upper leaves, in B. rapa these leaves clasp the stem,…
The turnip is a type of root vegetable that is grown in temperate climates around the world. It is known for being a white and bulbous taproot vegetable which
Population bottlenecks of two individuals caused an increase in VA for cotyledon surface area in three populations of rapid-cycling B. rapa, relative to a broadly based population. This effect of restricted population size is in agreement with theoretical predictions of quantitative traits, which include dominance and epistatic effects (Goodnight 1988; Willis and Orr 1993; Edwards and Lamkey 2003). Several studies of quantitative traits in animals have had similar results (Bryant et al. 1986; Lopez-Fanjul and Villaverde 1989; Fernandez et al. 1995; Ruano et al. 1996; Cheverud et al. 1999). These studies have reported values only for VA and VP by parent-offspring regression, but not VD. The nested mating design used in our study enables derivation of VD. The VD estimates for the bottleneck are much smaller than those for for the broad population. If an increase in VD occurs due to increases in rare recessives, the VD associated with these genes is not expected to change appreciably. The degree of ...
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This paper is a description based on the Sinanthropus materials including5 teeth and two fragments of humerus and tibia recovered since the restorationof the Choukoutien excavation in 1949.The teeth of Sinanthropus are much bigger than those of modern man.Theleft medial upper incisor bears well-developed basal tubercle on the lingualsurface.The upper first and second premolars are robust in size and theirchewing surfaces are covered with wrinkles of special patterns.The crowns ofthe first and second lower molars are characterized by their lowness in relationto their lengths and breadths.Pronounced cingulum is present on the buccalsurface of the crown.The humeral shaft is almost identical with that of modern man.Thetibial shaft is slender and its anterior border is blunt.The walls of the tibiaare extraordinarily thick and its medullary cavity is very narrow.The results of the study of Sinanthropus pekinensis by the present authorsand others clearly show that the upper extremity bones of Sinanthropus
Scarlet Kashmir, also known as Scarlet Ball is an heirloom variety with 3 inch diameter roots which are somewhat flat. The color of the skin is rose red. Excellent greens, but the slugs love them, too. The turnip is a bienneal that is grown as an annual. This temperate climate crop grows best when temperatures
I guess I put my foot in it then :) OK....roll on luminescent rather than normal fluorescent crop plants ;) I do wonder whether if rape was not so garish whether there would be less antagonism towards it.. I often hear...those ugly yellow fields..I just wonder (fancifully) if changing the colour of the petals by (say...) ectopic anthocyanin production in them to produce red/purple/brown petals would lessen the criticisms. (is there a tangible economic factor of public colour antagonism in crop plants ?? ;) Sean ...
serve to reduce the activation energy required for biological reactions (Russell while others 2010). This permits biologically important chemical reactions to
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds ...
Most Asian Greens are moderately hardy annuals and can be sown from early spring through midsummer. Asian greens are in the same family as mustards but tend to have a mild flavor and lack the spiciness that many mustards are known for. Asian greens include an assortment of species that can be grown for baby leaf or full size crops. Heat tolerant greens with dark-green, glossy leaves and white, juicy midribs. Harvest at any stage and use in salads, as braising greens, boiled or pickled. Stronger flavor as plants mature. ...
Most Asian Greens are moderately hardy annuals and can be sown from early spring through midsummer. Asian greens are in the same family as mustards but tend to have a mild flavor and lack the spiciness that many mustards are known for. Asian greens include an assortment of species that can be grown for baby leaf or full size crops. Easy-to-grow Japanese green similar to Mizuna but with long, rounded leaves instead of serrated. Long white stems are borne in rosettes reaching 12 tall. Perfect lightly cooked and seasoned. Slow to bolt. ...
Habit: Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, silique (length >= 3 × width) or silicle (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1--many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved ...
Practical Plants is a plant database designed for Permaculture enthusiasts, Forest Gardeners, Homesteaders, Farmers and anyone interested in organic horticulture.. ...
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Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Variety Brassica rapa L. var. trilocularis (Roxb.) Kitam. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Results Ex-vivo expansion of Tregs in the presence of ATRA significantly induced the expression of a4b7 compared to Rapamycin alone (5.57%±3.12 vs 82.8%±9.5, p=0.0057) Cells treated with Rapa+ATRA maintained their superior suppressive ability compared to Rapamycin treated Tregs (95.8%±3.5% vs 91.15%±10.1% p=ns; at Treg:Teff 1:1 ratio). RAPA+ATRA Tregs did not produce IFNy or IL17 under pro-inflammatory cytokine challenge. When flowed through a MAdCAm-1 coated chamber, significantly higher numbers of Rapa+ATRA treated cells were observed to roll (Rapa 0.83±0.40 vs Rapa+ATRA 10.17±2.54 p=0.005), crawl (Rapa 0 vs Rapa+ATRA 4±0.89 p=0.001) and firmly adhere (Rapa 0.33±0.21 vs Rapa+ATRA 36.8±1.78, p,0.001) than those treated with Rapa alone. When Tregs were transferred into mice, a higher proportion of Tregs were found in xenografts of animals treated with Rapa+ATRA Tregs compared Rapa Tregs (12.10 (7.54-22.83) vs 4.97 (1.72-7.63), p=0.0056). Importantly there was a higher proportion of ...
(20 days baby, 45 days full size) Brassica rapa (chinensis group) Open-pollinated. Now organic! These baby Chinese cabbages may be bunched for market or their ruffled curled leaves cut to add loft and weight to salad mixes. With pale green color and lettucy leaves they look almost like lettuce. Bekana will regrow for multiple cuttings and branch out, giving lots of edible leaves with very little coarse stalk. Lacy, mild, sweet, a bit like lettuce but never bitter and makes a good slaw. Adam Tomash seeded his on July 6 for a late Aug.Sept. harvest. It could be sowed later and, with protection, produce into late fall. But Bryan OHara says not as winter hardy as Mizuna or Tatsoi. Thin to 46 for full heads.
Thus, B. nigra could be descended from a hexaploid ancestor. A comparative analysis of B. nigra, B. oleracea and B. rapa genomes, based on maps developed using a common set of RFLP probes, was also performed. The three genomes have distinct chromosomal structures differentiated by a large number of rearrangements, but collinear regions involving virtually the whole of each the three genomes were identified. The genic contents of B. nigra, B. oleracea and B. rapa were basically equivalent and differences in chromosome number (8, 9 and 10, respectively) are probably the result of chromsome fusions and/or fissions. The strong conservation of overall genic content across the three Brassica genomes mirrors the conservation of genic content observed over a much longer evolutionary span in cereals. However, the rate of chromosomal rearrangements in crucifers is much higher than that observed in cereal genomes. ...
Arabidopsis Proteins, Brassica rapa/*genetics/growth & development, Chromosome Mapping, DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics, Evolution; Molecular, Gene Dosage, Gene Duplication, MADS Domain Proteins/genetics, Plant Proteins/genetics, Polymorphism; Restriction Fragment Length, Quantitative Trait; Heritable, Sequence Homology; Nucleic Acid, Transcription Factors/genetics, Variation (Genetics) ...
Today, more than 500 million people are suffering from a lack of adequate protein in their diet. Each year, the number of human beings increases by 80 million, a figure which is equivalent to the present population of Germany. ...
Monsanto Canada Inc. and Zeneca Seeds have developed three Brassica rapa canola lines, ZSR500, ZSR502 and ZSR503, derived from inter-specific crosses with the Brassica napus line GT73, that expresses Roundup-Ready™ genes. These genes confer novel tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient of Roundup® herbicide, which can control or suppress economically important weeds in canola production ...
(45 days) Brassica rapa (narinosa group) Open pollinated. What grows quickly, can be seeded as late as August, withstands frost and is, according to Orlando Sentinel columnist Sherry Boas, just as versatile as spinach? Yes, Tatsoi, also known as Tah Tsai. Anne Elder has picked it all fall into December even after a snow melt. Remains sweet and unburnt by cold during mild winters. A dream come true for snow-dwelling beings craving greens. Spoon-shaped thick dark green leaves make beautiful compact rosettes with mild brassica flavor. Make great microgreens. Also good in place of lettuce in sandwiches, stir-fried, in quiche, lasagna or soup. Will come back when cut. An essential ingredient in our salads and mesclun. 13,600 seeds/oz. Tested negative for BR and BL. Cold-hardy through at least part of the Maine winter.
Synonyms for tendergreen in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for tendergreen. 3 synonyms for tendergreen: Brassica perviridis, Brassica rapa perviridis, spinach mustard. What are synonyms for tendergreen?
How do organisms adapt to different environments? We are interested in understanding the genetic and molecular changes that take place as organisms adapt to different environments. Which genes change, what types of genetic changes occur, and how do these changes affect the organism at the biochemical, physiological, and ecological levels? Since plants are rooted in their environment, they are particularly adept at coping with their environment. Furthermore different species, and populations within species, have adapted to different environments. Therefore plants are well suited for studying adaptation mechanisms. Because light is fundamental to plant growth, we have focused on how plants sense and respond to environmental light cues. We are focused on light perception by the phytochrome photoreceptors. Phytochromes sense red and far-red light and provide information about the density of neighboring foliage (among other things). We work on domesticated and wild tomato, Brassica rapa, Arabidopsis ...
Sick of invasive snakes eating through your wiring and biting your babies? Dont have any tylenol-doped mice to lob at them? You might be in luck, we have a few ideas of what to invasive species that insist on making pests of themselves.. Idea #1: Make Them Into Dinner. Become a part of the invasivore movement by ingesting some tasty lionfish (pictured) or asian carp, and by nomming on some kudzu or Japanese knotweed. One almost serious invasivore, Rachel Kesel, blogged on the subject and talked to The New York Times:. She said in an interview that she was studying in London when she wrote the post, which grew out of conversations about diet and ecology. If you really want to get down on conservation you should eat weeds, she decided. And so she blogged. She now works for the parks department of San Francisco and said she did indeed pursue the vegetable side of the diet she proposed. Im really looking forward to some of our spring weeds here, she said, notably Brassica rapa, also known ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Volatiles from the fungus Fusarium oxysporum affect interactions of Brassica rapa plants with root herbivores. AU - Moisan, Kay. AU - Dicke, Marcel. AU - Raaijmakers, Jos M.. AU - Rachmawati, Elvira. AU - Cordovez, Viviane. PY - 2020/10/3. Y1 - 2020/10/3. N2 - 1. Soil is a diverse and heterogeneous environment where chemicals mediate numerous interactions between soil organisms and plants. To date, studies have extensively addressed volatile-mediated interactions between soil microorganisms and the effects of microbial volatiles on plant growth. Yet, to our knowledge, it remains to be explored whether volatiles from soil-borne fungi can influence plant interactions with root herbivores, facilitating or hampering performance of competitors that share the same host plant. 2. In the present study, we investigated the effects of volatiles emitted by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum on the performance of two root herbivores: the plant parasitic cyst nematode, Heterodera ...
Drought is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting the productivity of Brassica crops. To understand the role of phytohormones in drought tolerance, we subjected Chinese cabbage (B. rapa ssp. pekinensis), white cabbage (B. oleracea var. capitata), and kale (B. oleracea var. acephala) to drought and examined the stress response on the physiological, biochemical and hormonal levels. The phytohormones abscisic acid (ABA), auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), brassinosteroids (BRs), cytokinins (CKs), jasmonates (JAs), and salicylic acid (SA) were analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Based on the physiological and biochemical markers the Chinese cabbage exhibited the lowest tolerance, followed by the white cabbage, while the kale appeared to be the most tolerant to drought. The drought tolerance of the kale correlated with increased levels of SA, ABA, IAA, CKs iP(R) and cZ(R), and typhasterol (TY), a precursor of active BRs. In contrast, the
Environmental concerns over the cultivation of Genetically Modified (GM) crops largely centre on the ecological consequences following gene flow to wild relatives. One attractive solution is to deploy biocontainment measures that prevent hybridization. Chloroplast transformation is the most advanced biocontainment method but is compromised by chloroplast capture (hybridization through the maternal lineage). To date, however, there is a paucity of information on the frequency of chloroplast capture in the wild. Oilseed rape (Brassica napus, AACC) frequently hybridises with wild Brassica rapa (AA, as paternal parent) and yields B. rapa-like introgressed individuals after only two generations. In this study we used chloroplast CAPS markers that differentiate between the two species to survey wild and weedy populations of B. rapa for the capture of B. napus chloroplasts. A total of 464 B. rapa plants belonging to 14 populations growing either in close proximity to B. napus (i.e. sympatric 1 km) were ...
The Effect of Zinc and Copper on Male Gametophytes of FloweringPlants1) The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of heavy metals in the development of male gametophytes in flowering plants. Several experiments were conducted to find the best germination medium for the maximum percent germination and pollen tube growth of pollen. Temperature was also found to be an important factor influencing pollen tube growth.2) Three plant species were used in this study. They were Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi, Brassica rapa and Hippeastrum. The optimum germination medium for the pollen under study was found to be species-specific. 3) The best in vitro germination medium for the maximum percent germination and pollen tube growth for Kalanctioe fedtsclienl<oi was 10% PEG and 10% sucrose, while for Brassica rapa dwf2 it was 15% PEG and 10% sucrose.4) A 5 C difference of germination temperature was shown to alter pollen tube growth length in two cultivars of Brassica rapa.5) Presence of zinc in the ...
Kai-lan, also known as Chinese broccoli, is a leaf vegetable featuring thick, flat, glossy blue-green leaves with thick stems and a small number of tiny, almost vestigial flower heads similar to those of broccoli. Broccoli and kai-lan belong to the same species Brassica oleracea, but kai-lan is in the group alboglabra [Latin albus+glabrus white and hairless].…
Available evidence strongly suggests that the first to settle on Rapa Nui were Polynesians arriving from the west around AD 1200-1253. There are, however, also signs of an early contact between Rapa Nui and South America, but genetic evidence of an early contribution of Native Americans to the peopling of Rapa Nui has until recently been lacking. In this review our own genetic studies of blood-derived DNA collected on Rapa Nui since 1971 are summarized. For the first time human molecular genetic data are obtained which strongly suggest that some Native Americans arrived early at Rapa Nui, probably as early as AD 1280-1495. Whether they sailed directly from South America to Rapa Nui on their own rafts or whether they came with Polynesians returning from visits to South America cannot be established by our studies, but the latter possibility may be the most likely given other evidence of early visits by Polynesians to South America. In any case, our data suggest that some Native Americans arrived Rapa Nui
62. Euphorbia pekinensis Ruprecht in Maximowicz, Prim. Fl. Amur. 239. 1859. 大戟 da ji Euphorbia barbellata Hurusawa; E. cavaleriei H. Léveillé & Vaniot; E. hurusawae Oudejans; E. hurusawae var. imaii (Hurusawa) Oudejans; E. imaii Hurusawa; E. jesonii Oudejans; E. kitagawae (Hurusawa) Kitagawa; E. labbei H. Léveillé; E. lanceolata T. N. Liou; E. lasiocaula Boissier; E. lasiocaula var. pseudolucorum Hurusawa; E. sinensis Jesson; E. sampsonii Hance; E. tchen-ngoi (Soják) Radcliffe-Smith; E. virgata Waldstein & Kitaibel var. kitagawae Hurusawa; Tithymalus tchen-ngoi Soják.. Herbs, perennial, 40-80(-90) cm tall. Rootstock vertical, cylindric, 20-30 cm × 6-14 mm thick, sometimes branched. Stems single or clustered, 3-6(-7) mm thick, upper parts 4- or 5-branched, pilose or glabrous. Leaves alternate; stipules absent; petiole absent or nearly so; leaf blade very variable, usually elliptic, occasionally lanceolate, narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, rarely linear, 3-7(-9.5) × 0.7-1.7(-2.4) cm, ...
Circadian rhythms, the subset of endogenous rhythms with a period of approximately 24 h, are widely encountered in most organisms from cyanobacteria to humans. Although eukaryotes employ a common mechanistic logic of interlocked negative feedback loops to generate robust circadian oscillations, different components have been recruited to form the clock in different taxa (Bell-Pedersen et al., 2005; McClung, 2006; Wijnen and Young, 2006). Thus, fungal, animal, and plant clocks share a common architectural plan yet are composed of largely distinct components. This suggestion of polyphyletic origins of clocks implies strong selection for clock function. Indeed, in many organisms, including cyanobacteria, fruit fly, ground squirrel, and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), experimental evidence indicates that a robust circadian clock whose period resonates with the environmentally imposed diurnal cycle confers a fitness advantage (Yerushalmi and Green, 2009).. Among plants, most that is known about ...
Circadian rhythms, the subset of endogenous rhythms with a period of approximately 24 h, are widely encountered in most organisms from cyanobacteria to humans. Although eukaryotes employ a common mechanistic logic of interlocked negative feedback loops to generate robust circadian oscillations, different components have been recruited to form the clock in different taxa (Bell-Pedersen et al., 2005; McClung, 2006; Wijnen and Young, 2006). Thus, fungal, animal, and plant clocks share a common architectural plan yet are composed of largely distinct components. This suggestion of polyphyletic origins of clocks implies strong selection for clock function. Indeed, in many organisms, including cyanobacteria, fruit fly, ground squirrel, and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), experimental evidence indicates that a robust circadian clock whose period resonates with the environmentally imposed diurnal cycle confers a fitness advantage (Yerushalmi and Green, 2009).. Among plants, most that is known about ...
The leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinase (LRR-RLK) plays an important role in plant development and disease defence. Although genome-wide studies of LRR-RLKs have been performed in several species, a comprehensive analysis, including evolutionary, structural and expressional analyses and their relationships to function, has not been carried out in the radish (Raphanus sativus L.). In this study, we identified 292 LRR-RLK genes in the R. sativus genome and classified them into 23 subgroups. The subgroups containing genes involved in defence were more likely to evolve from tandem duplication rather than whole genome triplication (WGT), had lower expression profiles and were expressed in fewer tissues than the subgroups related to development. Gene structures and conserved domains did not differ in the defence-related or development-related subgroups, but they were distinct in each subgroup. This study sheds light on the evolutionary and expressional relationships with the functions of R.
Native to the eastern Mediterranean and Asia and one of the earliest cultivated crops, broccoli rabe was at first eaten for its roots and leaves. It was also allowed to flower and its seeds collected and crushed for their high oil content (40 percent). The oil, in its crude form, was and still is used as lamp oil and lubricant. Botanically, Brassica campestris, Brassica rapa and Brassica napus are identical. According to Fereidoon Shahidi in Canola and Rapeseed: Production, Chemistry, Nutrition and Processing Technology (Van Nostrand Reinhold 1990), There are three basic species [of rapeseed]: B. nigra, B. oleracea, and B. campestris. By hybridization and chromosome doubling, the three species B. carinata, B. juncea, and B. napus were artificially synthesized. ...
Plasmodiophora brassicae is a soil borne pathogen and the causal agent of clubroot, a devastating disease of Brassica crops. The pathogen lives inside roots, and hijacks nutrients from the host plants. It is suggested that clubroot galls created an additional nutrient sink in infected roots. However, the molecular mechanism underlying P. brassicae infection and sugar transport is unclear. Here, we analyzed sugar contents in leaves and roots before and after P. brassicae infection using a pair of Chinese cabbage near-isogenic lines (NILs), carrying either a clubroot resistant (CR) or susceptible (CS) allele at the CRb locus. P. brassicae infection caused significant increase of glucose and fructose contents in the root of CS-NIL compared to CR-NIL, suggesting that sugar translocation and P. brassicae growth are closely related. Among 32 B. rapa SWEET homologs, several BrSWEETs belonging to Clade I and III were significantly up-regulated, especially in CS-NIL upon P. brassicae infection. Moreover, ...
False-colour scanning electron micrograph of a fractured leaf of the turnip, Brassica rapa. The horizontal lines of cells near top & bottom form the epidermis of the leaf. The epidermis, partic- ularly the underside, is dotted with stomata: pores that regulate the leafs exchange of gases with the outside. The leaf interior contains mesophyll cells, some seen broken open. They consist of palisade mesophyll (top) & spongy mesophyll (bottom). The tightly packed palisade cells contain chloroplasts, sites of photosynthes- is. The spongy mesophyll cells are loosely packed, with few chloroplasts; they are more involved with gas exchange. Magnification: x55 at 35mm size. Green tint (leech). BW original is B745/074. Ref: MICROCOSMOS, fig. 4.9, page 72 - Stock Image B745/0125
p,Ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation is a common feature in diverse plant cell signaling pathways; however, the factors that control the dynamics of regulated protein turnover are largely unknown. One of the best-characterized families of E3 ubiquitin ligases facilitates ubiquitination of auxin (aux)/indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) repressor proteins in the presence of auxin. Rates of auxin-induced degradation vary widely within the Aux/IAA family, and sequences outside of the characterized degron (the minimum region required for auxin-induced degradation) can accelerate or decelerate degradation. We have used synthetic auxin degradation assays in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and in plants to characterize motifs flanking the degron that contribute to tuning the dynamics of Aux/IAA degradation. The presence of these rate motifs is conserved in phylogenetically distant members of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) Aux/IAA family, as well as in their putative Brassica rapa orthologs. We ...
The fact that this disease occurs only rarely is little consolation when it has messed up your crop. The culprit is a virus which is transmitted by a soil borne fungus Olpidium brassicae. Something to do, you might think, with Brassica crops but there is little evidence that the disease is worse after a Brassica crop. In fact our knowledge about this disease and what are the predisposing conditions are quite limited. It has been recorded in the Netherlands since 1924, where the name ABC disease was adopted after the way in which the symptoms were first descibed viz. (A) dark, slightly raised, dark brown patches, (B) dark, almost sunken patches often resembling horseshoes and (C) lighter groups of brown patches with often parallel cracks. Apparently the virus is not transmitted from seed to daughter tubers. Eersteling (Duke of York), Doré and Bintje appear to have been most frequently affected. A couple of cases have been brought to my attention in the UK in recent years, one in Markies and ...
371825DNAArtificial sequenceChimeric promoter sequence using enhancer from Brassica rapa 1ctgatacaca cttaagcatc atgtggaaag ccaaagacaa ttggagcgag actcagggtc 60gtcataatac caatcaaaga cgtaaaacca gacgcaacct ctttggttga atgtaatgaa 120agggatgtgt cttggtatgt atgtacgaat aacaaaagag aagatggaat tagtagtaga 180aatatttggg agctttttaa gcccttcaag tgtgcttttt atcttattga tatcatccat 240ttgcgttgtt taatgcgtct ctagatatgt tcctatatct ttctcagtgt ctgataagtg 300aaatgtgaga aaaccatacc aaaccaaaat attcaaatct tatttttaat aatgttgaat 360cactcggagt tgccaccttc tgtgccaatt gtgctgaatc tatcacacta gaaaaaaaca 420tttcttcaag gtaatgactt gtggactatg ttctgaattc tcattaagtt tttattttct 480gaagtttaag tttttacctt ctgttttgaa atatatcgtt cataagatgt cacgccagga 540catgagctac acatcgcaca tagcatgcag atcaggacga tttgtcactc acttcaaaca 600cctaagagct tctctctcac agcgcacaca catatgcatg caatatttac acgtgatcgc 660catgcaaatc tccattctca cccaggacga tttgtcactc acttcaaaca cctaagagct 720tctctctcac agcgcacaca catatgcatg caatatttac acgtgatcgc catgcaaatc 780tccattctca cctataaatt ...
A brief history of Fonterras Te Rapa location, which has had a massive impact on dairy production and the economy of surrounding Waikato. The site celebrates 50 years since its opening. Read more about how Te Rapa has been a place of employment, a home, and a community hub for New Zealanders over the years.
Ricotta gnocchi is both much faster to make than its potato based counterpart, much harder to mess up, and gets a nice tang from the ricotta making it fresher and lighter. Or so it seems anyways. Think soft little pillows of happiness. |br /| |br /|I paired them with what I had in the fridge : a boozy onion jam (the recipe comes from the great Caravan book ) and some butter fried Cima di Rapa that was long overdue. Cima di Rapa is popular in Italy, which makes it perfect for this dish of course, but it also has a nice bitterness working really well with the sweetness of the jam and the creaminess of the gnocchi. I had none and felt no need to, but feel free to add some crème fraîche or normal cream to bind it all together. You could also add some nuts in there for the crunchy component, or toasted breadcrumbs if feeling quite indulgent.
ra03-05_clubroot - clubroot catma-2 - Characterisation of the transcriptional changes (host genes up- and down-regulated) during the P. brassicae / A. thaliana interaction. - The objective was to identify the genes up and down-regulated between susceptible and partially resistant plants. The Arabidopsis accession Bur-0 shows partial resistance against the isolate eH of P. brassicae, whereas it is susceptible against the isolate e2. The transcriptome patterns of Bur-0 plants inoculated either by isolate e2 or isolate eH were compared at one week after inoculation. A similar comparison was done on roots. The entire experiment was repeated (biological repetition) and each comparison was performed in two independent hybridisations (technical repetition). Keywords: organ comparison
The Physical Map database will contain physical maps of the Brassica A and C genomes. These will be intergrated to the Arabidopsis genome sequence by hybridisation with selected gene anchor probes.
Seed was sown in Metro Mix Soil in flats containing 14 rows of seven cells each (cells were ∼3.81 cm in diameter and ∼20 cm deep). Flats were organized into two replicate blocks in a 1002 foot indoor grow room at the University of Wisconsin Biotron Facility. Outer rows of each flat were seeded with border plants, and each of the remaining inner 12 rows were seeded in random order with an individual S0, S5, or parental line of B. rapa or B. oleracea (each cell was double seeded and thinned to one plant). Each block contained 10 flats, and each line was represented once per block. Within each block, the positions of flats were randomized daily. Plants were watered daily and fertilized every other day with dilute (1 tableapoon/20 liters) Peters Professional Peat Lite Special 20-10-20. Temperature was maintained at 21°C, humidity at 60%, and light maintained at ∼450 μmol/m2/s−1 for 16 h each day.. All plants were harvested at the same developmental stage, when the second and third true ...
[131 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global and China Cold-pressed Linseed Oil Market Insights, Forecast to 2026 report by QYResearch Group. Cold-pressed Linseed Oil market is segmented by region (country),...
RASFF - Salmonella enterica ser. Tennessee (presence /25g) in rapeseed meal from Russia in Finland RASFF-Salmonella enterica ser. Tennessee (presence /25g) in rapeseed meal from Russia in Finland RASFF-Salmonella enterica ser. Tennessee (presence /25g) in rape seed meal from Germany in Finland
Cauliflower: Cauliflower is having its culinary moment, as low-carb meals are in vogue. Chefs and home cooks are discovering creative ways to prepare it - riced, roasted, mashed. Roasting brings out its mild, nutty flavor.. Brussels sprouts: Roasted, steamed or grilled, they make a perfect accompaniment to most meals. Try cutting them in half, tossing them with olive oil, salt and pepper and roasting in the oven - delicious! Sauté with bacon or shred into salads and slaws.. Cabbage: Whichever variety - red or purple cabbage, Napa cabbage, Savoy cabbage, green cabbage - use it in cole slaw and other salads, add to soups, top your fish tacos or make old-fashioned cabbage rolls.. Bok choy: Also known as Chinese cabbage, bok choy is a staple in Asian cooking and is most commonly used in soups, stir-fries or noodle dishes. Add to your pasta dishes or light soups.. At the farmers market in Concord, vendors have gorgeous brassicas right now. Esquivel Farm in Watsonville, J&M Farms from Gilroy and ...
Red Acre Cabbage, Brassica oleracea - Plant information. Healthy Home Gardening, Pictures, Video and Information about Red Acre Cabbage.
Journal Article: Allosteric Activation of Bacterial Swi2/Snf2 (Switch/Sucrose Non-fermentable) Protein RapA by RNA Polymerase: BIOCHEMICAL AND STRUCTURAL STUDIES ...
Research by an international team, led by the University of Bristol, has shed new light on the fate of the ancient people of Rapa Nui (Easter Island).
Brassica crops hold the key to slashing costs in a Cumbria suckler herd by providing enough fresh green feed to enable the herd to be out-wintered.
The breeding programme of high-oleic-acid rapeseed (HOAR) was started at NPZ/Lembke almost 10 years ago. The idea was to improve the quality of rapeseed oil for human consumption as well as for...
If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team ...
red cabbage nutrition details. red cabbage calories, fat, protein, carbohydrates and vitamins. red cabbage recipes, red cabbage articles and red cabbage videos.
Robin, J.; Inquello, V.M.mouni, B.A.anza, J., 1991: Relationship between immunological properties and structural model of 11S rapeseed globulin
Variation in flowering time induces phenological assortative mating-early bloomers tend to mate with other early bloomers while late mates with late-and this has interesting consequences for short-term evolution. The genetic variance for flowering time will be inflated by assortative mating, and this may accelerate its response to natural selection. I have a number of experiments underway, with post-doc Dr. Steven Franks. We are evaluating the degree of genetic variance inflation in B. rapa, and testing if this inflation is sufficient to allow evolutionary tracking of the expansion and contraction of the growing season caused by el Niño cycles ...
Lookup the definition of cabbage synomyns, antonyms, anagrams of the word. What does the word cabbage mean? What words can be made with cabbage
The Hoka Kailua Trail is the Womens's version of the popular Rapa Nui for Men. This exciting new shoe is ideal for those who want the benefits of running in Hoka, butare looking for a lighter weight shoe with a more responsive fit and feel.
Qachu nisqaqa chulla phutuy raphiyuq, qura kaq yurakunam, wayllapi icha rapa (qachu-qachu) nisqapi wiñaq. Qachu yurakunaqa wiru yura rikchaq ayllu (Poaceae, Gramineae) nisqamanmi kapun. Chay qachutaqa achka yura mikhuq uywakunam mikhun, paykunapaq ancha chaniyuq mikhunam. Chay qachu mikhuqkunaqa llamam, uwiham, kawram, wakam, kawallum, hukkunapas. ...
Rachel is the Project Manager for the BBSRC SLoLa Brassica and Rapeseed And Vegetable Optimisation (BRAVO) project. BRAVO is working to understand the gene…
Red cabbage displays brilliant leaves of either a crimson or purple color with white veins running through them. Learn how to buy, cook and store Red Cabbage.
Now considered a subspecies of Brassica rapa, this group was originally classified as its own species under the name Brassica ... Bok choy (American English), pak choi (British English), pichay/petsay (Philippine English), or pok choi (Brassica rapa subsp. ...
Brassica rapa rapa. Bengena. Eggplant. Solanum melongena. Bhekuri. Indian Nightshade. Solanum anguivi. ...
nipposinica) napa cabbage (hakusai ) - (B. rapa var. glabra) takana (Japanese vegetable) (タカナ) - (Brassica juncea var. ... komatsuna - (B. rapa var. perviridis) mizuna - (B. rapa var. ... of mustard) Nozawana - (cultivar of B. rapa var. hakabura) na- ...
... (Brassica rapa subsp. narinosa or Brassica rapa var. rosularis) is an Asian variety of Brassica rapa grown for greens. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Sorting Brassica rapa names". Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database. The ...
It was first isolated from turnip (Brassica campestris ssp. rapa). TCV is a small (4054 base pairs), single-stranded, positive- ...
Brassica rapa subsp. rapa) and pak-choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis). Artificial crosses between these two species and also ... Napa or napa cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis or Brassica rapa Pekinensis Group) is a type of Chinese cabbage ... Brassica rapa species are diploid and have 10 chromosomes. A challenge for breeding of napa cabbage is the variable self- ... ISBN 978-971-92973-0-7. Toxopeus, H & Baas, J (2004) Brassica rapa L.. - In: Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (2004) Plant ...
Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis 30. Pumpkin leaves Cucurbita pepo 31. Red cabbage Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis 32. Spinach ... Broccoli rabe Brassica ruvo 27. Kale Brassica oleracea var. sabellica 28. Moringa Moringa oleifera 29. Pak-choi or bok-choy ( ...
Now considered a subspecies of Brassica rapa, this group was originally classified as its own species under the name Brassica ... Media related to Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis at Wikimedia Commons Bok Choy at Wikibook Cookbooks. ... Bok choy (American English), pak choi (British English), pichay/petsay (Philippine English), or pok choi (Brassica rapa subsp. ... white bok choy Shanghai bok choy B. rapa chinensis B. rapa chinensis has yellow flowers Gai lan Choy sum List of leaf ...
... rapa/latest_assembly_versions/GCF_000309985.2_CAAS_Brap_v3.01". ftp.ncbi.nih.gov. Retrieved 2020-12-01. "Brassica rapa (ID 229 ...
PROTAbase on Brassica rapa "Brassica rapa". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 17 November 2006. CS1 maint: ... Mizuna (ミズナ(水菜), "water greens"), kyona, Japanese mustard greens, or spider mustard, is a cultivar of Brassica rapa var. ... In addition to the term "mizuna" (and its alternates) being applied to at least two different species of Brassica, ...
Colza oil, from Brassica rapa, var. oleifera (turnip) is closely related to rapeseed (or canola) oil. It is a major source of ...
Host plants include Brassica rapa, Fragaria sp., Medicago sativa, Pisum sp., Rubus spp., Solanum aviculare, Trifolium repens, ...
Young-Matthews, A (June 2012). "Plant guide for field mustard (Brassica rapa ssp. rapa" (PDF). USDA-NRCS Plant Materials Center ...
Gai lan Chinese cabbage Collard greens Mustard greens Rutabaga Turnip Brassica rapa "Brassica rapa (Ruvo Group)". North ... Mun JH, Yu HJ, Shin JY, Oh M, Hwang HJ, Chung H (October 2012). "Auxin response factor gene family in Brassica rapa: genomic ... Suwabe K, Iketani H, Nunome T, Kage T, Hirai M (May 2002). "Isolation and characterization of microsatellites in Brassica rapa ... October 2011). "The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa". Nature Genetics. 43 (10): 1035-9. doi:10.1038/ng. ...
... (野沢菜, Brassica rapa L. var. hakabura) is a Japanese leaf vegetable, often pickled. It is of the same species as the ...
The turnip or white turnip (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa) is a root vegetable commonly grown in temperate climates worldwide for ... Starting as early as 2000 BC, related oilseed subspecies of Brassica rapa like oleifera may have been domesticated several ... Brassica). The most common type of turnip is mostly white-skinned apart from the upper 1 to 6 centimetres (1⁄2 to 2 1⁄2 inches ...
Brassica rapa was successfully grown there in 1997. The project was a joint Russian-Bulgarian one, developed at the Space ...
... haplotype of Brassica campestris (syn. rapa)". Genetics. 153 (1): 391-400. PMC 1460755. PMID 10471721. Takayama S, Shiba H, ... February 2000). "The pollen determinant of self-incompatibility in Brassica campestris". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (4): ... Schopfer CR, Nasrallah ME, Nasrallah JB (November 1999). "The male determinant of self-incompatibility in Brassica". Science. ... October 2001). "Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility". Nature. 413 (6855): 534-8. ...
August 2011). "The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa". Nature Genetics. 43 (10): 1035-9. doi:10.1038/ng. ... Early allopolyploid evolution in the post-Neolithic Brassica napus oilseed genome". Science. 345 (6199): 950-3. Bibcode:2014Sci ...
2010). "Sequence and structure of Brassica rapa chromosome A3". Genome Biology. 11 (9): R94. doi:10.1186/gb-2010-11-9-r94. PMC ... Conifers Cultivar R570 Brassica Euphrasia Paspalum dilatatum Few fungi have been researched so far, possibly due to the low ...
August 2011). "The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa". Nature Genetics. 43 (10): 1035-9. doi:10.1038/ng. ... The most recent event took place before the divergence of the Arabidopsis and Brassica lineages, about 20 million years ago to ...
Brassica rapa subsp. rapa) (Hebrew: לפת‎) with rape (Brassica napus) (Hebrew: נפוס‎). Likewise, cauliflower (Brassica oleracea ... It is to be noted, furthermore, that in foliage, Brassica napus and turnip (Brassica rapa) have similar leaves, for which ... Brassica oleracea) or kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala). The prohibition of grafting of trees is treated on in the Mishnah ... צנון). Zohar Amar suggests that it may have actually been Brassica napus; see Amar, Z. (2015), p. 113. One is to bear in mind ...
The plant specimen studied in the PGF was Brassica rapa (turnip). The Extravehicular Activity Development Flight Test - 05 ( ...
"The Biosynthesis of Erucic Acid in Developing Embryos of Brassica rapa". Plant Physiol. 118 (1): 183-190. doi:10.1104/pp.118.1. ... Canola was bred from rapeseed cultivars of B. napus and B. rapa by Dr. Baldur Stefansson at the University of Manitoba, Canada ... but especially so in members of the genus Brassica. For industrial purposes and production of erucic acid, rapeseed is used; ...
... was formerly known for the Teltower Rübchen (Brassica rapa ssp. rapa f. teltowiensis), a special type of turnip quite ...
Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) is a type of Chinese cabbage. Chinensis varieties do not form heads and have green leaf blades ... This group was originally classified as its own species under the name Brassica chinensis by Carl Linnaeus.[citation needed] ...
The 3D structure of Brassica rapa (Turnip) cyt f has been determined. The lumen-side segment of cyt f includes two structural ...
Brassica rapa var. perviridis) is a leaf vegetable. It is a variety of Brassica rapa, the plant species that yields the turnip ... It is an excellent source of calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin C. Brassica juncea "小松菜 (こまつな) - 語源由来辞典". 語源由来辞典. Retrieved 20
Brassica rapa) Polyphenols Red stinkwood (Pygeum africanum) Riboflavin (vitamin B2). Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens, active ... "5 alpha-reductase and aromatase inhibitory constituents from Brassica rapa L. pollen". Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 57 ( ...
Brassica oleracea), turnip, napa cabbage, bomdong, bok choy and rapini (Brassica rapa), rocket salad/arugula (Eruca sativa), ... Brassica rapa (turnip, Chinese cabbage, etc.), Brassica napus (rapeseed, etc.), Raphanus sativus (common radish), Armoracia ... Brassica, wasabi (Eutrema japonicum), white, Indian and black mustard (Sinapis alba, Brassica juncea and B. nigra respectively ... The name Brassicaceae comes to international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Brassica, the type genus, + -aceae,[11] ...
2011). „The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa". Nature genetics. 43 (10): 1035-1039. PMID 21873998. doi: ...
Ang Raparadish na isang allopolyploid hybrid sa pagitan ng Raphanus sativus at Brassica rapa ay pinapalago bilang isang pananim ... Karpechenko, G.D., Polyploid hybrids of Raphanus sativus X Brassica oleracea L., Bull. Appl. Bot. 17:305-408 (1927). ... Ang "Raphanofortii" ang allopolyploid hybrid sa pagitan ng Brassica tournefortii at Raphanus caudatus. ... and Brassica (repolyo, etc.).[253][254] Ang Raphanobrassica ay isang allopolyploid sa pagitan ng labanos (Raphanus sativus) at ...
Brassica oleracea, Brassica rapa, Brassica caulorapa, Brassica napus, Brassica juncea, Brassica hirta, Brassica nigra, Brassica ... like Brassica rapa, have a UV guide for aiding nectar search for the butterfly where the petals reflect near UV light whereas ... This behavior may have evolved to exploit the original vegetation in the eastern Mediterranean where brassica plants originated ...
Brassica rapa rapa বেঙেণা Eggplant Solanum melongena ভেকুঁৰী Solanum indicum অমিতা Papaya Carica papaya ...
Brassica carinata. *Brassica juncea. *Brassica napus. *Brassica nigra. *Brassica oleracea. *Brassica rapa ... Kohlrabi (German neep or neep cabbitch) (Brassica oleracea Gongylodes group) (Olkopi in Assamese an Bengali) (Monji Haak in ...
Brassica hilarionis. *Brassica juncea. *Brassica napus. *Brassica nigra. *Brassica oleracea. *Brassica rapa ... Collard greens (collards) describes certain loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the same species as many common ... On Brassicas it has been reported in several states including Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Montana, South Dakota, Kansas ...
Brassica napus L.. Uljana repica, Rutabega. Brassicaceae. Alopolyploidno porijeklo. Potvrđeno. Brassica rapa L. i B. oleracea L ... Brassica nigra (L.) K.Koch i B. rapa L.. Polploid (tetraploid). 2n=4x=18. Arias et al., 2014. ... Brassica carinata A.Braun. Etiopski senf. Brassicaceae. Alopoliploidno porijeklo. Potvrđeno. Brassica oleracea L. i B. nigra (L ... trokut U opisuje odnose između tri zajedničke diploidne kupusnjačae (B. oleracea, B. rapa i B. nigra) i tri alotetraploida (B. ...
Brassica rapa). ... Other cultivar groups of Brassica oleracea[edit]. Broccoli ... PROTAbase on Brassica oleracea (cauliflower and broccoli). *List of North American broccoli cultivars, USDA/ARS Vegetable ... Dixon, G.R. (2007). Vegetable brassicas and related crucifers. Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 978-0-85199-395-9. .. ... Broccoli is classified in the Italica cultivar group of the species Brassica oleracea. Broccoli has large flower heads, usually ...
Brassica rapa subsp. trilocularis, syn. Brassica campestris var. sarson),[1] in Bengali as shorshe. These are used as a spice ... They are an important spice in many regional foods and may come from one of three different plants: black mustard (Brassica ...
Brassica rapa). Broccolini or "Tenderstem broccoli" is a cross between broccoli and Chinese broccoli. Beneforté is a variety of ... PROTAbase on Brassica oleracea (cauliflower and broccoli). *List of North American broccoli cultivars, USDA/ARS Vegetable ... Broccoli is classified in the Italica cultivar group of the species Brassica oleracea. Broccoli has large flower heads, usually ... "Broccoli-Brassica oleracea L. (Italica group)". University of Florida. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2009.. ...
Brassica rapa L. (syn. Brassica campestris L.), commonly known as turnip, turnip rape, fast plants, field mustard, or turnip ... The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish Canola) but mostly the related ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brassica_rapa&oldid=4505852" ...
蕓薹屬 Brassica *芥菜 B. juncea. *蕪菁甘藍 B. napobrassica ... 蕓薹 B. rapa *B. r. subsp. oleifera. *碎米薺屬 Cardamine *彎曲碎米薺 C. flexuosa
"Inferring the Brassica rapa Interactome Using Protein-Protein Interaction Data from Arabidopsis thaliana". Frontiers in Plant ...
Brassica carinata. *Brassica juncea. *Brassica napus. *Brassica nigra. *Brassica oleracea. *Brassica rapa ... Brassica nigra (black mustard) (Sanskrit: राजक्षवक, rajakshavak; Marathi: काळी मोहरी, Kali Mohari) is an annual plant ... Taen frae "https://sco.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brassica_nigra&oldid=563338" ...
Allium cepa Allium fistulosum Amaranthus retroflexus Apium graveolens Beta vulgaris Brassica campestris ssp. rapa Capsicum ...
Brassica oleracea) Cauliflower/cole wort (Brassica oleracea) Plain coles/rape (Brassica napus) Turnip/neeps (Brassica rapa) ... Brassica oleracea) White/headed cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Heart cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Roman cabbage ( ...
Simard, M.-J.; Légère, A.; Warwick, S.I. (2006). "Transgenic Brassica napus fields and Brassica rapa weeds in Québec: sympatry ... "Seeds of a possible natural hybrid between herbicide-resistant Brassica napus and Brassica rapa detected on a riverbank in ... Transgenic rapeseed Brassicus napus, hybridized with a native Japanese species Brassica rapa, was found in Japan in 2011 after ... The case of an herbicide resistance transgene in a weedy Brassica rapa population". Molecular Ecology. 17 (5): 1387-1395. doi: ...
The Raparadish group are allopolyploid hybrids between Raphanus sativus and Brassica rapa, used as fodder crops The Radicole ... an intergeneric allopolyploid between Brassica rapa and Raphanus sativus, through induced mutation using microspore culture". ... Karpechenko, G. D. (1989) [1928]. "Polyploid hybrids of Raphanus sativus L. X Brassica oleracea L.". In Janick, J. (ed.). ... Brassicoraphanus is any intergeneric hybrid between the genera Brassica (cabbages, etc.) and Raphanus (radish). The name comes ...
Host plants eaten by the larvae include the brassicaceous plants Brassica oleracea and Brassica rapa and their varieties, but ...
Amsinckia Asperugo procumbens Cryptantha Hackelia Heliotropium Lithospermum Mertensia Alyssum Arabis Barbarea Brassica rapa ...
calcium-binding protein [Brassica rapa] calcium-binding protein [Brassica rapa]. gi,1255540,dbj,BAA09634.1, ...
The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Brassica rapa . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ... click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Brassica thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... Brassica rapa var. amplexicaulis field mustard Brassica rapa var. dichotoma toria Brassica rapa var. rapa field mustard ...
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... the name Brassica rapa was adopted. Many butterflies, including the small white, feed from and pollinate the B. rapa flowers. ... Brassica napus. The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish canola) but ... and Brassica juncea (mustard greens and mizuna). Oilseed subspecies (oleifera) of Brassica rapa may have been domesticated ... Brassica rapa is a plant species growing in various widely cultivated forms including the turnip (a root vegetable); napa ...
BRASSICA RAPA LEAF EXTRACT; EXTRACT OF BRASSICA RAPA LEAF; EXTRACT OF TURNIP (BRASSICA RAPA) LEAF; TURNIP (BRASSICA RAPA) LEAF ... About BRASSICA RAPA (TURNIP) LEAF EXTRACT: Brassica Rapa (Turnip) Leaf Extract is an extract of the leaves of the turnip, ... Show all 2 recent products that contain BRASSICA RAPA (TURNIP) LEAF EXTRACT.. ... Brassica rapa.. Function(s): Not Reported; SKIN CONDITIONING. Synonym(s): ...
Brassica rapa L. var. trilocularis (Roxb.) Kitam. Show All. Show Tabs. yellow sarson ... Brassica L. - mustard Species. Brassica rapa L. - field mustard Variety. Brassica rapa L. var. trilocularis (Roxb.) Kitam. - ...
... Dr S T May lsrei at csv.warwick.ac.uk Tue Jul 12 08:56:12 EST 1994 *Previous message: ...
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis (Chinese cabbage) (Brassica pekinensis)Imported. ,p>Information which has been imported from ... tr,M4CDI9,M4CDI9_BRARP Peroxidase OS=Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis OX=51351 PE=3 SV=1 ... Brassica napus (Rape). Eutrema salsugineum (Saltwater cress) (Sisymbrium salsugineum). Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata (Lyre- ... Brassica napus (Rape). Eutrema salsugineum (Saltwater cress) (Sisymbrium salsugineum). Arabidopsis lyrata subsp. lyrata (Lyre- ...
Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis (Chinese cabbage) (Brassica pekinensis)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database ... tr,M4CS77,M4CS77_BRARP Uncharacterized protein OS=Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis OX=51351 PE=4 SV=1 ...
Brassica rapa narinosa is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in ... Brassica rapa narinosa is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in ... Brassica juncea integrifolia strumata. Large Petiole Mustard. 4. 2. Brassica juncea integrifolia subintegrifolia. Leaf Mustard ...
Brassica rapa L. (syn. Brassica campestris L.), commonly known as turnip, turnip rape, fast plants, field mustard, or turnip ... The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish Canola) but mostly the related ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brassica_rapa&oldid=4505852" ...
Brassica rapa. © 2016 Neal Kramer. Brassica rapa. © 2008 Keir Morse. Brassica rapa. © 2008 Neal Kramer. Brassica rapa. © 2004 ... More photos of Brassica rapa in CalPhotos. Geographic subdivisions for Brassica rapa: CA-FP, SNE;. Markers link to CCH specimen ... Brassica rapa. © 2008 Neal Kramer. Brassica rapa. © 2008 Neal Kramer. ... Brassica rapa L.. NATURALIZED. Habit: Annual, biennial, erect; hairs 0 or few. Stem: 3--10 dm, simple or branched. Leaf: basal ...
Broccoli, Raab-Brassica rapa L. (Ruvo group)1. James M. Stephens2 ... Broccoli raab is also known by such names as raab, rapa, rapini ...
Compared with the Brassica oleracea group, Brassica rapa lacks glucoraphanin and sinigrin but contains gluconapin and ... Genetic variation in glucosinolate content within Brassica rapa vegetables. Author(s). He, H.; Ping, L.; Bonnema, G.; Dekker, M ... Glucosinolates (GSs) were analyzed in 56 accessions of Brassica rapa grown in the greenhouse. Eight different glucosinolates ... The total glucosinolate contents in Brassica rapa group varied substantially between the different accessions. The highest ...
... The name Brassica rapa might be unfamiliar, but most Singaporeans will ... Overall, Brassica rapa vegetables are fast and easy to grow. It is a great starter plant for those wanting to begin their ... To keep pests away, gardeners might consider planting Brassica rapa under a fine mesh netted frame to let in sun and water but ... Sulphur is also commonly abundant in Brassica rapa and is said to result in stinky flatulence from those who eat too much ...
Comparison of Flowering Time Genes in Brassica rapa, B. napus and Arabidopsis thaliana T. C. Osborn, C. Kole, I. A. P. Parkin, ... Comparison of Flowering Time Genes in Brassica rapa, B. napus and Arabidopsis thaliana T. C. Osborn, C. Kole, I. A. P. Parkin, ... Comparison of Flowering Time Genes in Brassica rapa, B. napus and Arabidopsis thaliana T. C. Osborn, C. Kole, I. A. P. Parkin, ... The major difference between annual and biennial cultivars of oilseed Brassica napus and B. rapa is conferred by genes ...
Scarlet Kashmir, also known as Scarlet Ball is an heirloom variety with 3 inch diameter roots which are somewhat flat. The color of the skin is rose red. Excellent greens, but the slugs love them, too. The turnip is a bienneal that is grown as an annual. This temperate climate crop grows best when temperatures
De Milan produces crops in early spring. Roots have red shoulders and a white bottom half. The turnip is a bienneal that is grown as an annual. This
Vigorous plant of pretty, ferny leaves. Sweet, slightly mustard-flavoured greens for salad or stir-fries. Very winter hardy on the coast. Also called Kyona.
Xiao D, Zhao JJ, Hou XL, Basnet RK, Carpio DP, Zhang NW, Bucher J, Lin K, Cheng F, Wang XW (2013) The Brassica rapa FLC ... Huang F, Tang J, Hou X (2016) Molecular cloning and characterization of BcCSP1, a Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis) cold ... Here, we functionally described an FLC homologous gene, BcFLC2, that negatively regulated flowering in Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ... Isolation and functional characterization of a floral repressor, BcFLC2, from Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis). ...
... Afaf Ahmedi,1 ... Brassica rapa) Peroxidase," Enzyme Research, vol. 2015, Article ID 575618, 9 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/575618 ...
... made an attempt to decipher the contribution of smRNAs to the heat-shock-induced transgenerational inheritance in Brassica rapa ... have made an attempt to decipher the contribution of smRNAs to the heat-shock-induced transgenerational inheritance in Brassica ... rapa plants using sequencing technology. To do this, we have generated comprehensive profiles of a transcriptome and a small ... The elucidation of stress memory inheritance in Brassica rapa plants. Andriy Bilichak1, Yaroslav Ilnytskyy2, Rafal Wóycicki2, ...
Brassica rapaenvironmentFast Plantshealthy plantsWisconsin Fast Plants Inheritance and Genetics: Observing Variation and ... AP BiologyBrassica rapaeducationevolutionFast Plantsfloweringinheritancelife cycleobservationSelectiontraitsVariation ... Brassica rapaeducationenvironmentFast Plantsgrowth and developmenthealthy plantsphenotypeVariation ... Brassica rapaeducationFast Plantsgrowth and developmentlife cyclelife scienceteaching ...
Given that they have several functional roles, it is important to investigate their roles in Brassica rapa. In the present ... rapa, Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa and Populus trichocarpa helped us to categorize the gene family into 15 subfamilies ... rapa LRR-RLK (BrLRR-RLK) genes. Additionally, computational function annotation and expression analysis was used to predict ... study, 303 LRR-RLKs were identified in the genome of B. rapa and comparative phylogenetic analysis of 1213 combined LRR-RLKs of ...
... and a cultivated oilseed brassica species, Brassica rapa (2n = 20; AA ... Intergeneric hybridization between Erucastrum canariense and Brassica rapa. Genetic relatedness between EC and A genomes. * P. ... Bhaskar, .P., Ahuja, .I., Janeja, .H. et al. Intergeneric hybridization between Erucastrum canariense and Brassica rapa. ... Brassica rapa (2n = 20; AA), was synthesized through ovary culture in Whites basal medium supplemented with casein hydrolysate ...
We developed a model artificial selection system in the laboratory using rapid-cycling Brassica rapa. Responses to 10 cycles of ... We developed a model artificial selection system in the laboratory using rapid-cycling Brassica rapa to investigate aspects of ... Genetic Variation and Selection Response in Model Breeding Populations of Brassica rapa Following a Diversity Bottleneck. ... Genetic Variation and Selection Response in Model Breeding Populations of Brassica rapa Following a Diversity Bottleneck. ...
Brassica rapa var. pekinensis ) at Daves Garden. All pictures are contributed by our community. ... Chinense Cabbage, Napa China King (Brassica rapa var. pekinensis ). by Farmerdill May 3, 2021 8:16 AM ...
... isolated from flower buds of Chinese cabbage Brassica camperstris; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank L41355 ... Brassica rapa BCPI-1 protein. Subscribe to New Research on Brassica rapa BCPI-1 protein ... isolated from flower buds of Chinese cabbage Brassica camperstris; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank L41355 ...
Brassica rapa: info from PIER from the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/). ... Brassica rapa L., Brassicaceae Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES. ... As Brassica pekinensis Rupr. State of Hawaii Hawaiian Islands Hawai i (Big) Island introduced invasive cultivated Wagner, ... As Brassica pekinensis Rupr. New Caledonia New Caledonia Archipelago Île Grande Terre introduced invasive cultivated Jérémie, J ...
Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of Rapa Catozza Napoletana (Brassica rapa L. var. rapa DC.) seed ... Brassica rapa L. var. rapa) cultivar seeds as a new and alternative source of proteins. ... RESULTS: RCN seed meal revealed a good protein content (382.0 g kg−1) compared with conventional Brassica defatted meals. Total ... Metabolic Characteristics in Meal of Black Rapeseed and Yellow-Seeded Progeny of Brassica napus-Sinapis alba Hybrids, Molecules ...
  • and Brassica rapa subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • M4CDI9_BRARP Peroxidase OS=Brassica rapa subsp. (uniprot.org)
  • M4CS77_BRARP Uncharacterized protein OS=Brassica rapa subsp. (uniprot.org)
  • Growth inhibition of Brassica rapa subsp. (nih.gov)
  • Romani A, Vignolini P, Isolani L, Ieri F, Heimler D (2006) HPLC-DAD/MS characterization of flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic derivatives in turnip tops ( Brassica rapa L. subsp. (springer.com)
  • Colonization by two isolates of Plasmodiophora brassicae with differing pathogenicity on a clubroot-resistant cultivar of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. subsp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bok Choy, pak choi (Brassica rapa subsp. (magicgardenseeds.com)
  • B. rapa subsp. (magicgardenseeds.com)
  • Subject: 'Brassica rapa subsp. (usda.gov)
  • Bok choy ( American English ), pak choi ( British English ), pichay/petsay ( Philippine English ), or pok choi ( Brassica rapa subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brassica napus subsp. (wikimedia.org)
  • Compared with the Brassica oleracea group, Brassica rapa lacks glucoraphanin and sinigrin but contains gluconapin and glucobrassicanapin. (wur.nl)
  • Detection and analysis of QTLs based on RAPD markers for polygenic resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae Woron in Brassica oleracea L. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Broccoli and kai-lan belong to the same species Brassica oleracea, but kai-lan is in the group alboglabra [Latin albus+glabrus white and hairless]. (wordpress.com)
  • The addition of each chromosome of B. oleracea to the chromosome complement of B. rapa results in a series of monosomic alien addition lines (MAALs). (oup.com)
  • A new batch of B. rapa-B. oleracea aneuploids was produced to generate the missing MAAL. (oup.com)
  • The oil made from the seed is sometimes also called canola or colza, which is one reason why it is sometimes confused with rapeseed oil, but this comes from a different Brassica species, Brassica napus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish canola) but usually the related species Brassica napus (rapeseed) and Brassica juncea (mustard greens and mizuna). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 18th century the turnip and the oilseed-producing variants were seen as being different species by Carl Linnaeus who named them B. rapa and B. campestris. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name Brassica rapa might be unfamiliar, but most Singaporeans will likely have a favourite vegetable from this species. (nparks.gov.sg)
  • The differences between SSR repeats with respect to abundance and distribution indicate that SSRs are a driving force in the genomic evolution of B. rapa species. (frontiersin.org)
  • Therefore, the construction of reference Brassica A, B, and C genomes provides a framework for many various Brassica species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this study we used chloroplast CAPS markers that differentiate between the two species to survey wild and weedy populations of B. rapa for the capture of B. napus chloroplasts. (aber.ac.uk)
  • 2011) The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa . (appliedbioinformatics.com.au)
  • The species Brassica rapa includes important vegetable and oil crops. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It also serves as an excellent model system to study polyploidy-related genome evolution because of its paleohexaploid ancestry and its close evolutionary relationships with Arabidopsis thaliana and other Brassica species with larger genomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, its genome sequence will be used to accelerate both basic research on genome evolution and applied research across the cultivated Brassica species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The high degree of contiguity afforded by the clone-by-clone approach provides a benchmark for the performance of whole genome shotgun approaches presently being applied in B. rapa and other species with complex genomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Economically, Brassica species contribute to approximately 10% of the world's vegetable crop produce and approximately 12% of the worldwide edible oil supplies [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The tribe Brassiceae, which is one of 25 tribes in the Brassicaceae, consists of approximately 240 species and contains the genus Brassica . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite the importance of Brassica crops in plant biology and world agriculture, none of the Brassica species have had their genomes fully sequenced. (biomedcentral.com)
  • B. rapa is an extremely diverse Brassica species which includes, besides many diverse leafy vegetable types and turnips, also oilseed crops. (thesica.org)
  • Therefore, the acquired knowledge is also useful for the scientific community and plant breeders working in B. napus and other Brassica species. (thesica.org)
  • Now considered a subspecies of Brassica rapa , this group was originally classified as its own species under the name Brassica chinensis by Carl Linnaeus . (wikipedia.org)
  • SDS-PAGE plays a key role in the study of protein based variation among different brassica species. (innspub.net)
  • Species such as Brassica juncea and Brassica rapa have been selected as suitable plants for phytoremediation purposes due to their ability to tolerate the toxic effect of heavy metals. (usda.gov)
  • The major difference between annual and biennial cultivars of oilseed Brassica napus and B. rapa is conferred by genes controlling vernalization-responsive flowering time. (genetics.org)
  • Since B. rapa is one of the hypothesized diploid parents of the amphidiploid B. napus , the vernalization requirement of B. napus probably originated from B. rapa . (genetics.org)
  • Brassica genes also were compared to flowering time genes in Arabidopsis thaliana by mapping RFLP loci with the same probes in both B. napus and Arabidopsis. (genetics.org)
  • Oilseed rape (Brassica napus, AACC) frequently hybridises with wild Brassica rapa (AA, as paternal parent) and yields B. rapa-like introgressed individuals after only two generations. (aber.ac.uk)
  • A total of 464 B. rapa plants belonging to 14 populations growing either in close proximity to B. napus (i.e. sympatric 1 km) were assessed for chloroplast capture using PCR (trnL-F) and CAPS (trnT-L-Xba I) markers. (aber.ac.uk)
  • The screen revealed that two sympatric B. rapa populations included 53 plants that possessed the chloroplast of B. napus. (aber.ac.uk)
  • and mapping of resistance genes in rapeseed ( Brassica napus L. (semanticscholar.org)
  • At present, B. napus is the most important source of vegetable oil worldwide, but B. rapa is often used for introgression breeding to broaden its narrow genetic base resulting in genetic improvements. (thesica.org)
  • Brassica including most important vegetable, seed-oil, condiment crops in Brassicaceae. (berkeley.edu)
  • Belonging to the Mustard family (Brassicaceae), Brassica rapa is an important vegetable crop cultivated worldwide. (nparks.gov.sg)
  • Birdsrape Mustard ( Brassica rapa (=B. campestris) ) is a dicot weed in the Brassicaceae family. (weedscience.org)
  • In an attempt to identify bioactive natural products with anti-inflammatory activity, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory potential of the indole-containing fraction from the roots of Brassica rapa (IBR) (Family Brassicaceae) and the underlying mechanisms. (nih.gov)
  • Among various crucifer vegetables, a turnip ( Brassica rapa L. ), in the family Brassicaceae, was evaluated in the present study because of its popularity on ethnopharmacology and the advantage of long-term storage after harvest. (alliedacademies.org)
  • We refined Brassicaceae GB information using the latest genomic resources, and distinguished three chronologically ordered B. rapa genomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genus Brassica belongs to the Brassiceae tribe, Brassicaceae family, Brassicales order. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results suggest that genes involved in nectar production are conserved amongst the Brassicaceae, and also supply clones and sequence information that can be used to probe nectary function in B. rapa. (umn.edu)
  • Brassica campestris L. var. (usda.gov)
  • Brassica campestris L.), commonly known as turnip , turnip rape , fast plants , field mustard , or turnip mustard , is a plant widely cultivated as a leaf vegetable (see mizuna and napa cabbage ), a root vegetable (see turnip ), and an oilseed (but not normally rapeseed oil, from a different Brassica species). (wikipedia.org)
  • Brassica rapa campestris is an annual plant growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). (findmeacure.com)
  • In this study, auxinic herbicide resistance from B. kaber was transferred to Brassica juncea and Brassica rapa , two commercially important Brassica crops, by traditional breeding coupled with in vitro embryo rescue. (weedscience.org)
  • Resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae in Brassica rapa and Brassica juncea genotypes From China. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Prolonged use of auxinic herbicides has resulted in the evolution of resistance to these herbicides in some biotypes of Brassica kaber (wild mustard), a common weed in agricultural crops. (weedscience.org)
  • Padilla G, Cartea ME, Velasco P, de Haro A, Ordas A (2007) Variation of glucosinolates in vegetable crops of Brassica rapa . (springer.com)
  • Brassica rapeseed crops contain high concentrations of oil in the seed. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Flowering time is an important trait in Brassica rapa crops. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 1975) have been used commonly to identify populations of Plasmodiophora brassicae, which causes clubroot disease in Brassica crops. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In addition, access to a complete and high-resolution B. rapa genome will facilitate research on other Brassica crops with partially sequenced or larger genomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Representative functions of the categorized genes were elucidated, providing better understanding of B. rapa evolution and the Brassica genus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Deep RNA-Seq of two Brassica rapa genotypes - R500 (var. (g3journal.org)
  • Table S1 - List of primers used to validate SNPs between R500/IMB211 genotypes of B. rapa . (g3journal.org)
  • This paper describes the construction of a low-cost, high-resolution root phenotyping platform, requiring no sophisticated equipment and adaptable to most laboratory and glasshouse environments, and its application to quantify environmental and temporal variation in root traits between genotypes of Brassica rapa L. Plants were supplied with a complete nutrient solution through the wick of a germination paper. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Therefore, the genetic and DNA methylation alterations and changes in the siRNA and miRNA were assessed during the formation of an allodiploid and its allotetraploid between Brassica rapa and Brassica nigra in the present study. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The small RNAs results showed that the expression levels of miRNAs increased in the allodiploid and allotetraploid compared with the parents, and the expression levels of siRNAs increased and decreased compared with the parents B. rapa and B. nigra , respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Easily confused with black mustard ( Brassica nigra ) , the best way to distinguish is to look at the upper leaves, in B. rapa these leaves clasp the stem, while in B. nigra they do not. (wordpress.com)
  • rapa ) cultivar seeds as a new and alternative source of proteins. (wiley.com)
  • Brassica seeds are of high economic importance for several reasons. (thesica.org)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Brassica rapa . (usda.gov)
  • Oilseed subspecies (oleifera) of Brassica rapa may have been domesticated several times from the Mediterranean to India, starting as early as 2000 BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a subspecies of B. rapa with the A genome [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Since the turnip had been named first by Linnaeus, the name Brassica rapa was adopted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Widely used in genetics research, Brassica rapa is one of the first plants to have its genome sequenced. (nativeplanttrust.org)
  • Brassica rapa seed, 72 hour Monohybrid genetics kit. (southernbiological.com)
  • The aim of this thesis is to unravel the genetics of seed germination and seedling vigour under different conditions in Brassica rapa , using a systems genetics approach. (thesica.org)
  • Under field conditions, the E. canariense intergeneric hybrid and the amphiploid appeared to be moderately resistant to Alternaria blight and also harboured a significantly lower population of mustard aphid than the cultivated B. rapa . (springer.com)
  • White Mustard (Brassica Alba Boiss. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Sulphur is also commonly abundant in Brassica rapa and is said to result in stinky flatulence from those who eat too much Chinese cabbage! (nparks.gov.sg)
  • PlantFiles Pictures: Chinense Cabbage, Napa 'China King' (Brassica rapa var. (davesgarden.com)
  • Characterization and Development of EST-SSRs by Deep Transcriptome Sequencing in Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. (hindawi.com)
  • Chinese cabbage ( Brassica rapa L. ssp. (hindawi.com)
  • This study has quantified the occurrence of Escherichia coli in Brassica rapa L. c hinensis (Chinese cabbage) vegetables and low quality irrigation water. (academicjournals.org)
  • Genome-wide identification and analysis of the growth-regulating factor family in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Variation in Virulence of Plasmodiophora brassicae in Japan Tested with Clubroot-resistant Cultivars of Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Chinese cabbage (Brassicarapa ssp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Varieties of B. rapa that have been developed only for use as leaves are called Chinese cabbage. (wordpress.com)
  • The region containing one pair of Brassica QTLs was collinear with the top of chromosome 5 in A. thaliana where flowering time genes FLC, FY and CO are located. (genetics.org)
  • Thus, these Brassica genes may correspond to two genes ( FLC and FRI ) that regulate flowering time in the latest flowering ecotypes of Arabidopsis. (genetics.org)
  • We have characterized six SRS genes in Brassica rapa. (ebscohost.com)
  • The deep RNA-Seq reassembled Brassica rapa transcriptome identified 44,239 protein-coding genes. (g3journal.org)
  • Identification, characterization and epitope mapping of proteins encoded by putative allergenic napin genes from Brassica rapa. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • To identify candidate napin gene in B. rapa, 2S albumin like napin genes of Arabidopsis thaliana were used as query sequences to search for similarity against the B. rapa var. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • B. rapa genes were categorized into fast evolving, single- and multi-retention genes, and long retention genes by their substitution rates and retention patterns. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The frequency of tandem duplication of genes differed between the conserved genome segments in B. rapa and A. thaliana , indicating differential rates of occurrence/retention of such duplicate copies of genes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This project was undertaken to identify genes potentially involved in mediating nectary form and function in Brassica rapa. (umn.edu)
  • Background: The Cruciferous family of vegetables which includes Brassica Turnips showed antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Here, we functionally described an FLC homologous gene, BcFLC2 , that negatively regulated flowering in Pak-choi ( Brassica rapa ssp. (springer.com)
  • BcMAF2 activates BcTEM1 and represses flowering in Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ssp. (usda.gov)
  • The mapping and functional analysis of quantitative traits in Brassica rapa can be greatly improved with the availability of physically positioned, gene-based genetic markers and accurate genome annotation. (g3journal.org)
  • In Chapter 2 we evaluated the genetic diversity of a B. rapa core collection of 168 accessions representing different crop types and geographic origins. (thesica.org)
  • In Arabidopsis, analysis of gene expression in transgenic plants in which luciferase activity is expressed from clock-regulated promoters has proven a useful tool, although technical challenges associated with the regeneration of transgenic plants has hindered the implementation of this powerful tool in B. rapa . (plantphysiol.org)
  • Brassica rapa narinosa - (L.H.Bailey. (pfaf.org)
  • Brassica rapa narinosa is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft). (pfaf.org)
  • narinosa or Brassica rapa var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gluconapin, glucobrassicanapin, progoitrin and gluconasturtiin are the most abundant GSs in the Brassica rapa, but there is considerable variation in content among accessions. (wur.nl)
  • Our results suggest that the naturally occurring deletion mutation across exon 4 and intron 4 in BrFLC2 gene contributes greatly to variation in flowering time in oil-type B. rapa . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The observed different relationship between BrFLC1 or BrFLC2 and flowering time variation indicates that the control of flowering time has evolved separately between oil-type and vegetable-type B. rapa groups. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The phenotyping platform described here can be used to quantify environmental and temporal variation in traits contributing to root system architecture in B. rapa and can be extended to screen the large populations required for breeding for efficient resource acquisition. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Flowering time shows an extensive variation from different Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ssp. (usda.gov)
  • Glucosinolates (GSs) were analyzed in 56 accessions of Brassica rapa grown in the greenhouse. (wur.nl)
  • It is one of the oldest known Brassica rapa groups grown by humans, with documentation of cultivation by farmers in West and Central Asia after the end of the Glacial Period, as far back as 6,000 BC. (nparks.gov.sg)
  • studied how young B. rapa plants grown in a controlled environment with a steady supply of water responded when watering stopped. (elifesciences.org)
  • rosularis) is an Asian variety of Brassica rapa grown for greens. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is rich in content in the organism Brassica rapa, or the turnip. (bartleby.com)
  • Analyses of different segregating populations have suggested that BraA.FLC.a ( BrFLC1 ) and BraA.FLC.b ( BrFLC2 ) play major roles in controlling flowering time in B. rapa . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • perviridis: B. rapa ) with the aim to investigate the effects of this juice mixture on anthropometric data, blood parameters, and dietary intake differences. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Isolation and functional characterization of a floral repressor, BcFLC2, from Pak-choi ( Brassica rapa ssp. (springer.com)
  • Liang YS, Kim HK, Lefeber AW, Erkelens C, Choi YH, Verpoorte R (2006) Identification of phenylpropanoids in methyl jasmonate treated Brassica rapa leaves using two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. (springer.com)
  • Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brassica rapa . (wikipedia.org)
  • RCN seed meal revealed a good protein content (382.0 g kg −1 ) compared with conventional Brassica defatted meals. (wiley.com)
  • Characterisation of the napin gene family in B. rapa will give important insight into the protein structure and epitope-modelling will help to advance studies into allergenicity including the development of precise diagnostic screenings and therapies for rapeseed allergy as well as the possible manipulation of napin levels in the seed by gene editing technology. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • The recently released Brassica rapa draft genome provides an ideal opportunity to update our knowledge of the conserved genomic structures in Brassica , and to study evolutionary innovations of the mesohexaploid plant, B. rapa . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thus, investigation of the B. rapa genome provides substantial opportunities to study the divergence of gene function and genome evolution associated with polyploidy, extensive duplication, and hybridization. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Rich in vitamins A and C and minerals like calciu m, iron and magnesium, there are also some interesting chemicals in Brassica rapa that result in the characteristic flavours of the vegetables. (nparks.gov.sg)
  • For example, certain Brassica rapa vegetables have a bitter taste thanks to the more pronounced presence of glucosinolate. (nparks.gov.sg)
  • The total glucosinolate contents in Brassica rapa group varied substantially between the different accessions. (wur.nl)
  • Glucosinolate is a group of chemicals that evolved in Brassica rapa as a form of chemical defence against herbivores. (nparks.gov.sg)
  • Three chronological B. rapa genomes (recent, young, and old) were reconstructed with sequence divergences, revealing a trace of recursive WGD events. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Compared with the intake of commercial vegetable juice, the intake of fresh fruit and komatsuna ( Brassica rapa L. var. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We therefore produced a juice mixture of fresh fruit and komatsuna ( Brassica rapa L. var. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our results provide a comprehensive view of the SSR sequence distribution and evolution for comparison among morphotypes B. rapa ssp. (frontiersin.org)
  • We analyzed the BrFLC2 sequence in nine B. rapa accessions, and identified a 57-bp insertion/deletion (InDel) across exon 4 and intron 4 resulting in a non-functional allele. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The whole genome sequence (WGS) of Brassica A has been released with the B. rapa ssp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We have determined and analyzed the sequence of B. rapa chromosome A3. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The cellular effects of eleven compounds including chalcone glycosides isolated from Brassica rapa L. 'hidabeni' and their synthetic derivatives were studied in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. (springer.com)
  • Itoh T, Ninomiya M, Nozawa Y, Koketsu M (2010) Chalcone glycosides isolated from aerial parts of Brassica rapa L. 'hidabeni' suppress antigen-stimulated degranulation in rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells. (springer.com)
  • The phytochemical investigations of the aerial parts of the traditional Japanese turnip vegetable (B. rapa L. 'hidabeni') revealed the presence of three chalcone glycosides, along with other glycoside components. (eurekaselect.com)
  • The InDel was used to develop a PCR-based marker, which was used to screen a collection of 159 B. rapa accessions. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Our previous comparative genomic study revealed conserved linkage arrangements and collinear chromosome segments between B. rapa and A. thaliana , which diverged from a common ancestor approximately 13 to 17 million years ago. (biomedcentral.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Rapid-cycling Brassica rapa (RCBr), also known as Wisconsin Fast Plants, are small robust plants with a short lifecycle that are widely used in biology teaching. (usda.gov)
  • PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) database record on Brassica rapa L. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant Growth and Development: An Outline for a Unit Structured Around the Life Cycle of Rapid-Cycling Brassica Rapa. (ed.gov)
  • Chemical constituents, antioxidant activities and cytotoxic effects of the 70% aqueous ethanolic extract of Brassica rapa L.(six fractions F1-6) of (BRE) were investigated. (ekb.eg)
  • Here, we have made an attempt to decipher the contribution of smRNAs to the heat-shock-induced transgenerational inheritance in Brassica rapa plants using sequencing technology. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this study, deep transcriptome RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of Brassica rapa was undertaken with two objectives: SNP detection and improved transcriptome annotation. (g3journal.org)
  • The Brassica rapa Genome Sequencing Project Consortium. (appliedbioinformatics.com.au)