Brassica napus: A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Brassica rapa: A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.2S Albumins, Plant: A major class of water-soluble seed storage proteins. Many proteins from this class are major PLANT ALLERGENS.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Mustard Plant: Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Glucosinolates: Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Verticillium: A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.Erucic Acids: cis-13-Docosenoic Acids. 22-Carbon monounsaturated, monocarboxylic acids.Cotyledon: A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Raphanus: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE known for its peppery red root.Hybridization, Genetic: The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.3-Oxoacyl-(Acyl-Carrier-Protein) Reductase: A 3-oxoacyl reductase that has specificity for ACYL CARRIER PROTEIN-derived FATTY ACIDS.Plant Infertility: The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Polyploidy: The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Plant Exudates: Substances released by PLANTS such as PLANT GUMS and PLANT RESINS.Haploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented once. Symbol: N.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Seed Storage Proteins: One or more types of plant seed proteins providing the large amounts of AMINO ACIDS utilized in GERMINATION and SEEDLING growth. As seeds are the major food source from AGRICULTURAL CROPS, seed storage proteins are a major source of DIETARY PROTEINS.Ascomycota: A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Brassicaceae: A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavored leaves, due to gluconapin (GLUCOSINOLATES) and its hydrolysis product butenylisotrhiocyanate. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. Flowers have 4 petals. Podlike fruits contain a number of seeds. Cress is a general term used for many in the Brassicacea family. Rockcress is usually ARABIS; Bittercress is usually CARDAMINE; Yellowcress is usually RORIPPA; Pennycress is usually THLASPI; Watercress refers to NASTURTIUM; or RORIPPA or TROPAEOLUM; Gardencress refers to LEPIDIUM; Indiancress refers to TROPAEOLUM.Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Malate Synthase: An important enzyme in the glyoxylic acid cycle which reversibly catalyzes the synthesis of L-malate from acetyl-CoA and glyoxylate. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.2.Plant Diseases: Diseases of plants.RNA, Plant: Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis: The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Isocitrate Lyase: A key enzyme in the glyoxylate cycle. It catalyzes the conversion of isocitrate to succinate and glyoxylate. EC 4.1.3.1.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.Plasmodiophorida: A group of EUKARYOTES that are parasites of plants. Life cycle stages include zoospores and plasmodia.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.

Functional expression of Cf9 and Avr9 genes in Brassica napus induces enhanced resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans. (1/396)

The tomato Cf9 resistance gene induces an Avr9-dependent hypersensitive response (HR) in tomato and transgenic Solanaceae spp. We studied whether the Cf9 gene product responded functionally to the corresponding Avr9 gene product when introduced in a heterologous plant species. We successfully expressed the Cf9 gene under control of its own promoter and the Avr9 or Avr9R8K genes under control of the p35S1 promoter in transgenic oilseed rape. We demonstrated that the transgenic oilseed rape plants produced the Avr9 elicitor with the same specific necrosis-inducing activity as reported for Cladosporium fulvum. An Avr9-dependent HR was induced in Cf9 oilseed rape upon injection of intercellular fluid containing Avr9. We showed Avr9-specific induction of PR1, PR2, and Cxc750 defense genes in oilseed rape expressing CJ9. Cf9 x Avr9 oilseed rape did not result in seedling death of the F1 progeny, independent of the promoters used to express the genes. The F1 (Cf9 x Avr9) plants, however, were quantitatively more resistant to Leptosphaeria maculans. Phytopathological analyses revealed that disease development of L. maculans was delayed when the pathogen was applied on an Avr9-mediated HR site. We demonstrate that the CJ9 and Avr9 gene can be functionally expressed in a heterologous plant species and that the two components confer an increase in disease resistance.  (+info)

Characterization of a functional soluble form of a Brassica napus membrane-anchored endo-1,4-beta-glucanase heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris. (2/396)

The Brassica napus gene, Cel16, encodes a membrane-anchored endo-1,4-beta-glucanase with a deduced molecular mass of 69 kD. As for other membrane-anchored endo-1,4-beta-glucanases, Cel16 consists of a predicted intracellular, charged N terminus (methionine(1)-lysine(70)), a hydrophobic transmembrane domain (isoleucine(71)-valine(93)), and a periplasmic catalytic core (lysine(94)-proline(621)). Here, we report the functional analysis of Delta(1-90)Cel16, the N terminally truncated Cel16, missing residues 1 through 90 and comprising the catalytic domain of Cel16 expressed recombinantly in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris as a soluble protein. A two-step purification protocol yielded Delta(1-90)Cel16 in a pure form. The molecular mass of Delta(1-90)Cel16, when determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, was about 130 kD and about 60 kD after enzymatic removal of N-glycans, fitting the expected molecular mass of 59 kD. Delta(1-90)Cel16 was highly N glycosylated as compared with the native B. napus Cel16 protein. Delta(1-90)Cel16 had a pH optimum of 6.0. The activity of Delta(1-90)Cel16 was inhibited by EDTA and exhibited a strong dependence on calcium. Delta(1-90)Cel16 showed substrate specificity for low substituted carboxymethyl-cellulose and amorphous cellulose. It did not hydrolyze crystalline cellulose, xyloglycan, xylan, (1-->3),(1-->4)-beta-D-glucan, the highly substituted hydroxyethylcellulose, or the oligosaccharides cellotriose, cellotetraose, cellopentaose, or xylopentaose. Size exclusion analysis of Delta(1-90)Cel16-hydrolyzed carboxymethylcellulose showed that Delta(1-90)Cel16 is a true endo-acting glucanase.  (+info)

Multidrug resistance-like genes of Arabidopsis required for auxin transport and auxin-mediated development. (3/396)

Arabidopsis possesses several genes related to the multidrug resistance (MDR) genes of animals, one of which, AtMDR1, was shown to be induced by the hormone auxin. Plants having mutations in AtMDR1 or its closest relative, AtPGP1, were isolated by a reverse genetic strategy. Auxin transport activity was greatly impaired in atmdr1 and atmdr1 atpgp1 double mutant plants. Epinastic cotyledons and reduced apical dominance were mutant phenotypes consistent with the disrupted basipetal flow of auxin. The auxin transport inhibitor 1-naphthylphthalamic acid was shown to bind tightly and specifically to AtMDR1 and AtPGP1 proteins. The results indicate that these two MDR-like genes of Arabidopsis encode 1-naphthylphthalamic acid binding proteins that are required for normal auxin distribution and auxin-mediated development.  (+info)

Different myrosinase and idioblast distribution in Arabidopsis and Brassica napus. (4/396)

Myrosinase (EC 3.2.3.1) is a glucosinolate-degrading enzyme mainly found in special idioblasts, myrosin cells, in Brassicaceae. This two-component system of secondary products and degradative enzymes is important in plant-insect interactions. Immunocytochemical analysis of Arabidopsis localized myrosinase exclusively to myrosin cells in the phloem parenchyma, whereas no myrosin cells were detected in the ground tissue. In Brassica napus, myrosinase could be detected in myrosin cells both in the phloem parenchyma and in the ground tissue. The myrosin cells were similar in Arabidopsis and B. napus and were found to be different from the companion cells and the glucosinolate-containing S-cells present in Arabidopsis. Confocal laser scanning immunomicroscopy analysis of myrosin cells in B. napus embryos showed that the myrosin grains constitute a continuous reticular system in the cell. These findings indicate that in the two species studied, initial cells creating the ground tissue have different potential for making idioblasts and suggest that the myrosinase-glucosinolate system has at least partly different functions. Several myrosinases in B. napus extracts are recovered in complex together with myrosinase-binding protein (MBP), and the localization of MBP was therefore studied in situ. The expression of MBP was highest in germinating seedlings of B. napus and was found in every cell except the myrosin cells of the ground tissue. Rapid disappearance of the MBP from the non-myrosin cells and emergence of MBP in the myrosin cells resulted in an apparent colocalization of MBP and myrosinase in 7-d-old seedlings.  (+info)

Comparison of turnip crinkle virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase preparations expressed in Escherichia coli or derived from infected plants. (5/396)

Turnip crinkle virus (TCV) is a small, plus-sense, single-stranded RNA virus of plants. A virus-coded protein, p88, which is required for replication has been expressed and purified from Escherichia coli. In vitro assays revealed that the recombinant p88 has an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) activity and can also bind to RNA. Deletion of the N-terminal region in p88 resulted in a more active RdRp, while further deletions abolished RdRp activity. Comparison of the E. coli-expressed p88, the N-terminal deletion mutant of p88, and a TCV RdRp preparation obtained from infected plants revealed that these preparations show remarkable similarities in RNA template recognition and usage. Both the recombinant and the plant TCV RdRp preparations are capable of de novo initiation on both plus- and minus-strand satC and satD templates, which are small parasitic RNAs associated with TCV infections. In addition, these RdRp preparations can efficiently recognize the related Tomato bushy stunt virus promoter sequences, including the minus- and plus-strand initiation promoters. Heterologous viral and artificial promoters are recognized poorly by the recombinant and the plant TCV RdRps. Further comparison of the single-component recombinant TCV RdRp and the multicomponent plant TCV RdRp will help dissect the functions of various components of the TCV replicase.  (+info)

Nitrogen storage and remobilization in Brassica napus L. during the growth cycle: identification, characterization and immunolocalization of a putative taproot storage glycoprotein. (6/396)

In taproot of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), a 23 kDa polypeptide has been recently identified as a putative vegetative storage protein (VSP) because of its accumulation during flowering and its specific mobilization to sustain grain filling when N uptake is strongly reduced. The objectives were to characterize this protein more precisely and to study the effect of environmental factors (N availability, daylength, temperature, water deficit, wounding) or endogenous signals (methyl jasmonate, abscisic acid) that might change the N source/sink relationships within the plant, and may therefore trigger its accumulation. The 23 kDa putative VSP has two isoforms, is glycosylated and both isoforms share the same N-terminal sequence which had been used to produce specific polyclonal antibodies. Low levels of an immunoreactive protein of 24 kDa were found in leaves and flowers. In taproot, the 23 kDa putative VSP seems to accumulate only in the vacuoles of peripheral cortical parenchyma cells, around the phloem vessels. Among all treatments tested, the accumulation of this protein could only be induced by abscisic acid and methyl jasmonate. When compared to control plants, application of methyl jasmonate reduced N uptake by 89% after 15 d, induced a strong remobilization of N from senescing leaves and a concomitant accumulation of the 23 kDa putative VSP. These results suggested that, in rape, the 23 kDa protein is used as a storage buffer between N losses from senescing leaves promoted by methyl jasmonate and grain filling.  (+info)

Functional significance of the alternative transcript processing of the Arabidopsis floral promoter FCA. (7/396)

The Arabidopsis gene FCA encodes an RNA binding protein that functions to promote the floral transition. The FCA transcript is alternatively processed to yield four transcripts, the most abundant of which is polyadenylated within intron 3. We have analyzed the role of the alternative processing on the floral transition. The introduction of FCA intronless transgenes resulted in increased FCA protein levels and accelerated flowering, but no role in flowering was found for products of the shorter transcripts. The consequences of the alternative processing on the FCA expression pattern were determined using a series of translational FCA-beta-glucuronidase fusions. The inclusion of FCA genomic sequence containing the alternatively processed intron 3 restricted the expression of the transgene predominantly to shoot and root apices and young flower buds. Expression of this fusion also was delayed developmentally. Therefore, the alternative processing of the FCA transcript limits, both spatially and temporally, the amount of functional FCA protein. Expression in roots prompted an analysis of root development, which indicated that FCA functions more generally than in the control of the floral transition.  (+info)

Nitrogen storage and remobilization in Brassica napus L. during the growth cycle: effects of methyl jasmonate on nitrate uptake, senescence, growth, and VSP accumulation. (8/396)

The role of methyl jasmonate (MeJa) in promoting senescence has been described previously in many species, but it has been questioned in monocarpic species whether induced senescence is a result of a potential death hormone like MeJa, or a consequence of an increased metabolic drain resulting from the growth of reproductive tissue. In oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), a polypeptide of 23 kDa has been recently identified as a putative vegetative storage protein (VSP). This polypeptide could be used as a storage buffer between N losses from senescing leaves putatively promoted by methyl jasmonate that might be produced by flowers, and grain filling which occurs later on, while N uptake is strongly reduced. In order to describe causal relationships during Brassica napus L. plant responses to MeJa treatment, a kinetic experiment was performed to determine the order and the amplitude with which general processes such as growth, photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, N uptake, and N storage under the form of the 23 kDa VSP are affected. One of the most immediate consequences of MeJa treatment was the strong reduction of nitrate uptake within 6 h, relative to control plants. However, this was not a specific effect as K(+) uptake was similarly affected. Photosynthesis was reduced later (after 24 h), while chlorophyll content as well as leaf growth also decreased in a similar way. Moreover, this was concomitant with a remobilization of endogenous unlabelled N from senescing leaves to roots. Accumulation of the 23 kDa VSP was induced in the taproot after 24 h of MeJa treatment and was increased 10-fold within 8 d. On the other hand, the reversible effect of a MeJa pretreatment was tested in the long term (i.e. along the growth cycle) using plants previously grown in field conditions induced for flowering. Results show that a MeJa pulse induced a reversible effect on N uptake inhibition. In parallel, protein immunologically related to the 23 kDa VSP was detected in stems with a similar molecular weight (23 kDa), and in flowers and leaves with a molecular weight of 24 kDa. This accumulation was concomitant with the remobilization of both subunits of Rubisco. During stem and pod development, this protein induced by MeJa is fully hydrolysed. The external and intermittent supply of MeJa mimic some of the plant physiological processes previously reported under natural conditions. This suggests that in oilseed rape, methyl jasmonate could be considered as a possible monocarpic senescence factor while accumulation/mobilization of the 23 kDa VSP in taproot could be a marker for the cessation of N uptake and the initiation of a massive leaf senescence.  (+info)

The rape stem weevil, Ceutorhynchus napi Gyll., is a serious pest of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) crops in Europe causing severe yield loss. In currently used oilseed rape cultivars no resistance to C. napi has been identified. Resynthesized lines of B. napus have potential to broaden the genetic variability and may improve resistance to insect pests. In this study, the susceptibility to C. napi of three cultivars, one breeding line and five resynthesized lines of oilseed rape was compared in a semi-field plot experiment under multi-choice conditions. Plant acceptance for oviposition was estimated by counting the number of C. napi larvae in stems. The larval instar index and the dry body mass were assessed as indicators of larval performance. The extent of larval feeding within stems was determined by the stem injury coefficient. Morphological stem traits and stem contents of glucosinolates were assessed as potential mediators of resistance. The resynthesized line S30 had ...
Brassica napus ; oilseed rape ; Leptosphaeria maculans ; Leptosphaeria biglobosa ; phoma stem canker ; leaf spot ; pseudothecia ; ascospore
ESCOBAR, Magaly et al. Genotype × Environment Interaction in Canola (Brassica napus L.) Seed Yield in Chile. Chilean J. Agric. Res. [online]. 2011, vol.71, n.2, pp.175-186. ISSN 0718-5839. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392011000200001.. Genotype x environment (G × E) interaction in canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivar seed yield is unknown in Chile. The interaction was performed with the SREG (Sites Regression) model. Two experiments were conducted in five and thirteen environments in the 2008-2009 season in Central South Chile. The experimental design was a randomized complete block (RCBD) in each environment with four replicates and 26 open-pollinated or hybrid canola genotypes in Experiment 1, and RCBD with three replicates and 17 genotypes in Experiment 2. ANOVA was used to determine the significance of the G × E interaction. biplots were used to graphically interpret and determine the best cultivar in each environment and the corresponding mega-environments. The G × E interaction was ...
Seed was sown in Metro Mix Soil in flats containing 14 rows of seven cells each (cells were ∼3.81 cm in diameter and ∼20 cm deep). Flats were organized into two replicate blocks in a 1002 foot indoor grow room at the University of Wisconsin Biotron Facility. Outer rows of each flat were seeded with border plants, and each of the remaining inner 12 rows were seeded in random order with an individual S0, S5, or parental line of B. rapa or B. oleracea (each cell was double seeded and thinned to one plant). Each block contained 10 flats, and each line was represented once per block. Within each block, the positions of flats were randomized daily. Plants were watered daily and fertilized every other day with dilute (1 tableapoon/20 liters) Peters Professional Peat Lite Special 20-10-20. Temperature was maintained at 21°C, humidity at 60%, and light maintained at ∼450 μmol/m2/s−1 for 16 h each day.. All plants were harvested at the same developmental stage, when the second and third true ...
Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like proteins (LRR-RLPs) are highly adaptable parts of the signalling apparatus for extracellular detection of plant pathogens. Resistance to blackleg disease of Brassica spp. caused by Leptosphaeria maculans is largely governed by host race-specific R-genes, including the LRR-RLP gene LepR3. The blackleg resistance gene Rlm2 was previously mapped to the same genetic interval as LepR3. In this study, the LepR3 locus of the Rlm2 Brassica napus line Glacier DH24287 was cloned, and B. napus transformants were analysed for recovery of the Rlm2 phenotype. Multiple B. napus, B. rapa and B. juncea lines were assessed for sequence variation at the locus. Rlm2 was found to be an allelic variant of the LepR3 LRR-RLP locus, conveying race-specific resistance to L. maculans isolates harbouring AvrLm2. Several defence-related LRR-RLPs have previously been shown to associate with the RLK SOBIR1 to facilitate defence signalling. Bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and ...
The inaccessibility of the zygote and proembryos of angiosperms within the surrounding maternal and filial tissues has hampered studies on early plant embryogenesis. Somatic and gametophytic embryo cultures are often used as alternative systems for molecular and biochemical studies on early embryogenesis, but are not widely used in developmental studies due to differences in the early cell division patterns with seed embryos. A new Brassica napus microspore embryo culture system, wherein embryogenesis highly mimics zygotic embryo development, is reported here. In this new system, the donor microspore first divides transversely to form a filamentous structure, from which the distal cell forms the embryo proper, while the lower part resembles the suspensor. In conventional microspore embryogenesis, the microspore divides randomly to form an embryonic mass that after a while establishes a protoderm and subsequently shows delayed histodifferentiation. In contrast, the embryo proper of ...
Comparison of Response of Canola (Brassica napus L. cv Hyola 401) to Biofertilizer Inoculation in Optimal and Delayed Cropping Dates
Although rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is known to be affected by waterlogging, the genetic basis of waterlogging tolerance by rapeseed is largely unknown. In this study, the transcriptome under 0 h and 12 h of waterlogging was assayed in the roots of ZS9, a tolerant variety, using digital gene expression (DGE). A total of 4432 differentially expressed genes were identified, indicating that the response to waterlogging in rapeseed is complicated. The assignments of the annotated genes based on GO (Gene Ontology) revealed there were more genes induced under waterlogging in
Evans, D. E., Taylor, P. E., Singh, M. B. and Knox, R. B. 1991, Quantitative analysis of lipids and protein from the pollen of Brassica napus L, Plant science, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 117-126, doi: 10.1016/0168-9452(91)90133-S. ...
Environmental concerns over the cultivation of Genetically Modified (GM) crops largely centre on the ecological consequences following gene flow to wild relatives. One attractive solution is to deploy biocontainment measures that prevent hybridization. Chloroplast transformation is the most advanced biocontainment method but is compromised by chloroplast capture (hybridization through the maternal lineage). To date, however, there is a paucity of information on the frequency of chloroplast capture in the wild. Oilseed rape (Brassica napus, AACC) frequently hybridises with wild Brassica rapa (AA, as paternal parent) and yields B. rapa-like introgressed individuals after only two generations. In this study we used chloroplast CAPS markers that differentiate between the two species to survey wild and weedy populations of B. rapa for the capture of B. napus chloroplasts. A total of 464 B. rapa plants belonging to 14 populations growing either in close proximity to B. napus (i.e. sympatric 1 km) were ...
SUTs drive translocation of sucrose and in turn affect seed yield and fruit size [18, 37]. In another study carried out in our laboratory, identification of yield-related QTLs in a B. napus functional map [38] indicated that a functional marker from SUT in the A7 linkage group was related to EFB, SP, and TSW in the A7 linkage group [31, 39]. Here, we report likely polymorphisms in BnA7.SUT1 associated with yield-related traits, and allelic variation at the promoter and CDS of BnA7.SUT1 correlated with expression pattern and phenotype. Polymorphisms at the promoter and CDS regions with an effect on expression abundance are likely candidates for causative QTPs [40, 41]. Similarly, allelic polymorphism at the promoter and intron of HvFT1 in barley contribute to variation in flowering time [35].. SUTs have three types of clades designated as protype SUT1 (clade I), SUT2 (clade II), and SUT4 (clade III) [38, 42-44], and BnA7.SUT1 falls into the protype SUT1 (clade I). Generally, SUT1 mRNA and ...
Brassica napus provides approximately 13-16% of global vegetable oil for human consumption and biodiesel production. Plant height (PH) is a key trait that affects plant architecture, seed yield and harvest index. However, the genetic mechanism of PH in B. napus is poorly understood. A dwarf mutant df59 was isolated from a large-scale screening of an ethyl methanesulphonate-mutagenized rapeseed variety Ningyou 18. A genetic analysis showed that the dwarfism phenotype was controlled by one semi-dominant gene, which was mapped on C9 chromosome by quantitative trait loci sequencing analysis and designated as BnaDwf.C9. To fine-map BnaDwf.C9, two F2 populations were constructed from crosses between conventional rapeseed cultivars (Zhongshuang 11 and Holly) and df59. BnaDwf.C9 was fine-mapped to the region between single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers M14 and M4, corresponding to a 120.87-kb interval of the B. napus Darmor-bzh genome. Within this interval, seven, eight and nine annotated or predicted
MAIN CONCLUSION : Small RNAs and microRNAs were found to vary extensively in synthetic Brassica napus and subsequent generations, accompanied by the activation of transposable elements in response to hybridization and polyploidization. Resynthesizing B. napus by hybridization and chromosome doubling provides an approach to create novel polyploids and increases the usable genetic variability in oilseed rape. Although many studies have shown that small RNAs (sRNAs) act as important factor during hybridization and polyploidization in plants, much less is known on how sRNAs change in synthetic B. napus, particularly in subsequent generations after formation. We performed high-throughput sequencing of sRNAs in S₁-S₄ generations of synthetic B. napus and in the homozygous B. oleracea and B. rapa parent lines. We found that the number of small RNAs (sRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) doubled in synthetic B. napus relative to the parents. The proportions of common sRNAs detected varied from the S₁ to ...
Dear sir, i am working on galaxy from last one months and i am very well appraise with the performance and its feasibility for a non computational guy. I am using tophat gapped-read mapper .. for align Brassica napus unfortunately my interest genome is not list on galaxy. Please upload the reference genome of brassica napus on galaxy.. Best Regards. ...
The role of phosphatidylcholine (PC) in fatty acid exchange and desaturation was examined and compared with that of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) in Brassica napus leaves using 14C-labelling in vivo. Data are presented which indicate that in the chloroplast newly formed saturated (palmitic acid, 16:0) and monounsaturated (oleic acid, 18:1) fatty acid is incorporated into MGDG and desaturated in situ. In the non-plastidic compartments, however, newly formed fatty acid is exchanged with polyunsaturated fatty acid in PC, the probable major site of subsequent desaturation. The unsaturated fatty acid is released to the acyl-CoA pool, which is then used to synthesize diacylglycerol (DAG) containing a high level of unsaturated fatty acid. This highly unsaturated DAG may be the source for the biosynthesis of other cellular glycerolipids. The generally accepted pathway in which PC is synthesized from molecular species of DAG containing 16:0 and 18:1 followed by desaturation of the 18:1 to linoleic ...
Map-based cloning of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in polyploidy crop species remains a challenge due to the complexity of their genome structures. QTLs for seed weight in B. napus have been identified, but information on candidate genes for identified QTLs of this important trait is still rare. In this study, a whole genome genetic linkage map for B. napus was constructed using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers that covered a genetic distance of 2,126.4 cM with an average distance of 5.36 cM between markers. A procedure was developed to establish colinearity of SSR loci on B. napus with its two progenitor diploid species B. rapa and B. oleracea through extensive bioinformatics analysis. With the aid of B. rapa and B. oleracea genome sequences, the 421 homologous colinear loci deduced from the SSR loci of B. napus were shown to correspond to 398 homologous loci in Arabidopsis thaliana. Through comparative mapping of Arabidopsis and the three Brassica species, 227 homologous genes for seed size
Pretreatment of the first true leaves of oilseed rape plants (Brassica napus cv. Bristol) with menadione sodium bisulphite (MSB) locally and systemically induced resistance, as shown by reduced lesion size and number, to infection by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, the causal agent of stem canker. Using a known systemic activator of salicylic acid-dependent PR-1 induction, acibenzolar-S-methyl (BTH; S-methylbenzo[1,2,3]thiadiazole-7-carbothiate) as a comparison, real-time PCR expression analysis of genes encoding a pathogenesis-related protein 1 (PR-1) and an ascorbate peroxidase (APX) demonstrated a systemic enhancement of APX expression in MSB-pretreated plants, with no effect on PR-1 expression, suggesting augmented reactive oxygen species production in MSB-pretreated plants. The results demonstrate MSB to be an effective resistance activator in oilseed rape, and potentially useful for the control of stem canker ...
Major interest has focused on the identification of regulatory factors involved in lipid biosynthesis. This study examined the B.napus β-Keto-ACP reductase 5 sequence for potential regulatory cis-acting elements. The 5 sequence of the most highly expressed Brassica napus β-Keto-ACP reductase isoform was fused to the reporter gene β-glucuronidase (GUS) and its expression pattern examined within transgenic Arabidopsis. The construct was shown to act as a functional promoter and direct transcription within embryos, cotyledons and roots. There was no apparent staining within the true leaves, but staining was visible within the cotyledons. Overlapping fragments of the promoter were analysed in gel mobility shift assays and all six showed the formation of protein-DNA complexes. Competition analysis suggested that the same trans-acting factor binds to a number of regions along the promoter. The protein-DNA complex appeared to be competed away by the Arabidopsis enoyl-ACP reductase (EnR) promoter ...
The I3 cDNA isolated from a library made from 2-4 mm (immature) anthers of Brassica napus shows microspore-specific expression. Homologous transcripts are detected in buds and anthers of male-fertile plants, but not in green tissues, roots, or in cytoplasmic male-sterile buds. High expression of the transcript is limited to microspores entering and undergoing mitosis. The predicted peptide sequence of the cDNA shows an unusual repeated alanine/proline motif at the C-terminus, which may be of importance in the native protein structure.. ...
APHOTOFLORA - Photographic Stock Image Library Page for Brassica napus subspecies oleifera - Oil Seed Rape (Brassicaceae Images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography.
Read "Regulation and characterization of four CBF transcription factors from Brassica napus, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Bulk Seed, Brassica napus - Giant English Rape / Hobson Rape, Cattle Forage, Sheep Grazing, Goats Fodder, Animal Pasture, Horses, Wild Game
خشکی یکی از مخرب‌ترین تنش‌‌های محیطی مؤثر بر فرآیندهای متابولیکی گیاه است. در تنش خشکی ژن‌های بسیاری از جمله ژن‌های مسیر تنفس نوری در گیاهان متأثر می‌شوند. در این مطالعه تأثیر تنش خشکی بر بیان نسبی ژن‌های پراکسی‌زومی GO Glycolate) oxidase) و HPR1 (Hydroxy pyruvate reductase) و ژن‌های میتوکندریایی GDC (Glycine decarboxylase) و SHMT (Serine hydroxy methyl transferase) دو ژنوتیپ حساس (Hayola308) و متحمل (SLM046) کلزا (Brassica napus) در شرایط تنش (قطع آبیاری قبل از مرحله گلدهی) و بدون تنش بررسی شد. نتایج حاصل از Real time-PCR نشان داد میزان بیان نسبی ژن GO در 48، 72 و 96 ساعت پس از تنش در ژنوتیپ Hayola308 بیش‌تر از ژنوتیپ SLM046 بود. بیش‌ترین
خشکی یکی از مخرب‌ترین تنش‌‌های محیطی مؤثر بر فرآیندهای متابولیکی گیاه است. در تنش خشکی ژن‌های بسیاری از جمله ژن‌های مسیر تنفس نوری در گیاهان متأثر می‌شوند. در این مطالعه تأثیر تنش خشکی بر بیان نسبی ژن‌های پراکسی‌زومی GO Glycolate) oxidase) و HPR1 (Hydroxy pyruvate reductase) و ژن‌های میتوکندریایی GDC (Glycine decarboxylase) و SHMT (Serine hydroxy methyl transferase) دو ژنوتیپ حساس (Hayola308) و متحمل (SLM046) کلزا (Brassica napus) در شرایط تنش (قطع آبیاری قبل از مرحله گلدهی) و بدون تنش بررسی شد. نتایج حاصل از Real time-PCR نشان داد میزان بیان نسبی ژن GO در 48، 72 و 96 ساعت پس از تنش در ژنوتیپ Hayola308 بیش‌تر از ژنوتیپ SLM046 بود. بیش‌ترین
مدیریت تلفیقی علف‌های هرز کلزا (رقم هایولا 401) با اجرای آزمایشی در سال 94-1393 در شهرستان کهگیلویه واقع در استان کهگیلویه و بویراحمد بررسی گردید. این آزمایش به-صورت کرت‌های خرد شده نواری در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار به اجرا درآمد که در آن نحوه خاک‏ورزی با 3 سطح شامل (خاک‏ورزی مرسوم یعنی انجام شخم توسط گاوآهن برگردان‌دار + دو بار دیسک عمود برهم + لولر + بذرکار، خاک‏ورزی کاهش یافته با استفاده از گاوآهن قلمی یا چیزل و دیسک زنی، و بدون خاک‏ورزی یعنی کاشت مستقیم بذور کلزا در بقایای ذرت با بذرکار) و مصرف علف-کش در 5 سطح شامل مصرف علف‌کش‌های
مدیریت تلفیقی علف‌های هرز کلزا (رقم هایولا 401) با اجرای آزمایشی در سال 94-1393 در شهرستان کهگیلویه واقع در استان کهگیلویه و بویراحمد بررسی گردید. این آزمایش به-صورت کرت‌های خرد شده نواری در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار به اجرا درآمد که در آن نحوه خاک‏ورزی با 3 سطح شامل (خاک‏ورزی مرسوم یعنی انجام شخم توسط گاوآهن برگردان‌دار + دو بار دیسک عمود برهم + لولر + بذرکار، خاک‏ورزی کاهش یافته با استفاده از گاوآهن قلمی یا چیزل و دیسک زنی، و بدون خاک‏ورزی یعنی کاشت مستقیم بذور کلزا در بقایای ذرت با بذرکار) و مصرف علف-کش در 5 سطح شامل مصرف علف‌کش‌های
Sulphur Supply Level Effects on the Assimilation of Nitrate and Sulphate into Amino Acids and Protein in Forage Rape (Brassica napus L.) - Amino acid;Brassica napus;Nitrate;Proteins;Sulphate;Sulphur deficiency;
Winter oilseed rape is characterized by a low N use efficiency related to a weak leaf N remobilization efficiency (NRE) at vegetative stages. By investigating the natural genotypic variability of leaf NRE, our goal was to characterize the relevant physiological traits and the main protease classes associated with an efficient proteolysis and high leaf NRE in response to ample or restricted nitrate supply. The degradation rate of soluble proteins and D1 protein (a thylakoid-bound protein) were correlated to N remobilization, except for the genotype Samouraï which showed a low NRE despite high levels of proteolysis. Under restricted nitrate conditions, high levels of soluble protein degradation were associated with serine, cysteine and aspartic proteases at acidic pH. Low leaf NRE was related to a weak proteolysis of both soluble and thylakoid-bound proteins. The results obtained on the genotype Samouraï suggest that the timing between the onset of proteolysis and abscission could be a determinant. The
Chitosan oligosaccharides (collectively, oligochitosan, or COS) are considered to be potent plant immunity elicitors. In this article, the induction of resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in Brassica napus L. var. Huyou 15 by COS is studied. Even though COS (50 mu g mL(-1)) did not affect radial growth of this pathogen in vitro, it reduced the disease symptoms in vivo relative to control plants. The disease control rates were 25.8%, 41.4%, 57.1%, 68.7%, and 48.8% with COS pretreatment 0, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h before S. sclerotiorum inoculation, respectively. Specific binding of COS to B. napus epidermis cells was validated by competition experiments. Simultaneously, it was observed that COS induced bursts of cytosolic Ca2+, nitric oxide (NO), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). NO and H2O2 inhibitors were used to prove the interaction between NO and H2O2. Furthermore, treatments of B. napus with NO and H2O2 inhibitors reduced the induction effect of the jasmonic acid-ethylene (JA/ET) signaling ...
By HELGE NEUMANN, RALF LOGES und FRIEDHELM TAUBE, Kiel. Due to the continuously increasing number of biogas plants in Germany, the area cultivated with silage maize Zea mays has been increasing significantly over the past few years. From the viewpoint of nature conservation it is generally supposed that this change in land use could result in losses of habitats of wild plant and animal species. In this paper we present the results of a study conducted in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany over the period 2005 to 2007. Paired comparisons of single arable fields were used to analyse whether silage maize fields were characterized by other bird communities than fields cultivated with common cash crops (winter cereals, winter oilseed rape). Birds were recorded during the breeding time as well as during the non-breeding time.. Maize fields and cash crop fields showed similar numbers of breeding bird species. Lapwings Vanellus vanellus occurred more often in maize fields, ...
The final GARNet Research Roundup of 2019 begins with three studies from the John Innes Centre. Firstly Steve Penfields group conducts a field-experiment that monitors FLC levels in winter oilseed rape. Second is a study from the Zilberman lab looking at the relationship between Histone H1 and DNA methylation.. Third is work from the Yant lab in JIC/Nottingham that investigates adaptive gene flow between Arabidopsis arenosa and Arabidopsis lyrata.. The next two papers are led from the Etchells lab in Durham, the first has developed a vascular-localised transcriptional network and the second is a methods paper for image analysis.. The sixth paper includes co-authors from Southampton and investigates nuclear-chloroplast signaling in Arabidopsis mediated by the GUN1 protein.. The next two papers include members of the current GARNet advisory committee. Yoselin Benitez-Alfonso from the University of Leeds is an author on a paper that models plasmodesma geometry whilst members of the Kaiserli lab in ...
The final GARNet Research Roundup of 2019 begins with three studies from the John Innes Centre. Firstly Steve Penfields group conducts a field-experiment that monitors FLC levels in winter oilseed rape. Second is a study from the Zilberman lab looking at the relationship between Histone H1 and DNA methylation.. Third is work from the Yant lab in JIC/Nottingham that investigates adaptive gene flow between Arabidopsis arenosa and Arabidopsis lyrata.. The next two papers are led from the Etchells lab in Durham, the first has developed a vascular-localised transcriptional network and the second is a methods paper for image analysis.. The sixth paper includes co-authors from Southampton and investigates nuclear-chloroplast signaling in Arabidopsis mediated by the GUN1 protein.. The next two papers include members of the current GARNet advisory committee. Yoselin Benitez-Alfonso from the University of Leeds is an author on a paper that models plasmodesma geometry whilst members of the Kaiserli lab in ...
Rapeseed (B. napus, AACC, 2n = 38) is one of the most important oil seed crops in the world, it is also one of the most common oil for production of biodiesel. Its oil is a mixture of various fatty acids and dissection of the genetic network for fatty acids biosynthesis is of great importance for improving seed quality. The genetic basis of fatty acid biosynthesis in B. napus was investigated via quantitative trail locus (QTL) analysis using a doubled haploid (DH) population with 202 lines. A total of 72 individual QTLs and a large number pairs of epistatic interactions associated with the content of 10 different fatty acids were detected. A total of 234 homologous genes of Arabidopsis thaliana that are involved in fatty acid metabolism were found within the confidence intervals (CIs) of 47 QTLs. Among them, 47 and 15 genes homologous to those of B. rapa and B. oleracea were detected, respectively. After the QTL mapping, the epistatic and the candidate gene interaction analysis, a potential regulatory
Targeted genomic selection methodologies, or sequence capture, allow for DNA enrichment and large-scale resequencing and characterization of natural genetic variation in species with complex genomes, such as rapeseed canola ( Brassica napus L., AACC, 2n=38). The main goal of this project was to combine sequence capture with next generation sequencing (NGS) to discover single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in specific areas of the B. napus genome historically associated (via quantitative trait loci -QTL- analysis) to traits of agronomical and nutritional importance. A 2.1 million feature sequence capture platform was designed to interrogate DNA sequence variation across 47 specific genomic regions, representing 51.2 Mb of the Brassica A and C genomes, in ten diverse rapeseed genotypes. All ten genotypes were sequenced using the 454 Life Sciences chemistry and to assess the effect of increased sequence depth, two genotypes were also sequenced using Illumina HiSeq chemistry. As a result, 589,367 ...
We examined several environmental and developmental influences on trypsin inhibitor (TI) activity in leaves of young Brassica napus seedlings in a series of greenhouse experiments. In seedlings of B. napus cv. Westar, TI activity is constitutively present and exhibits a rise then fall through time in the first true leaves of young plants. TI activity is induced by wounding in the first true leaves, but the degree of induction is relatively insensitive to the degree of wounding over a gradient of 5-15% of leaf area damage. TI activity is enhanced in first true leaves of plants in which the cotyledons have been wounded relative to plants in which the cotyledons have not been wounded. TI activity is also enhanced in the second true leaves on plants in which the first true leaves have been wounded. The degree of systemic induction in second true leaves declines additively with plant age, but local induction in the first true leaves is not affected by age. In B. napus cv. Gido, TI activity is constitutively
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, rapa, rappi, rapaseed (and, in the case of one particular group ofcultivars, canola), is a bright yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family). The name derives from the Latin for turnip, rapa or rapum, and is first recorded in English at the end of the 14th century. Older writers usually distinguished the turnip and rape by the adjectives round and long(-rooted), respectively.See also Brassica napobrassica, which may be considered a variety of Brassica napus.
Here, the allotetraploid species Brassica napus L. is a global crop of major economic importance, providing canola oil (seed) and vegetables for human consumption and fodder and meal for livestock feed. Characterizing the genetic diversity present in the extant germplasm pool of B. napus is fundamental to better conserve, manage and utilize the genetic resources of this species. We used sequence-based genotyping to identify and genotype 30,881 SNPs in a diversity panel of 782 B. napus accessions, representing samples of winter and spring growth habits originating from 33 countries across Europe, Asia, and America. We detected strong population structure broadly concordant with growth habit and geography, and identified three major genetic groups: spring (SP), winter Europe (WE), and winter Asia (WA). Subpopulation-specific polymorphism patterns suggest enriched genetic diversity within the WA group and a smaller effective breeding population for the SP group compared to WE. Interestingly, the ...
In order to study of changing of macro elements in water stress condition an experimental design was carried out to study effect of different levels irrigation (0, 25, 50, 75) percentage of Field Capacity (FC) on changing macro elements (N, P, K) in 5 rapeseed genotypes (PF7045-01, Symbol, Mohican, Hyola-42, Syn-1). The experimental design split plot in Randomized Complete Block with 4 replication at 2004. Investigation was carried out in Varamin university field research. The information gain about the yield grain, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pods, weight 1000 grain, oil percentage and yield oil. At the end of investigation, for to valued quantity each element in each treatment, sample of leaf transmits in laboratory and valued quantity elements N, P, K. As result that in, quantity element in different levels irrigation and interaction between the both of them were significant. Interaction between genotypes and levels irrigation were significant at the 0.01%. Basically table of ANOVA
Canola event MON 88302 was developed by Monsanto Company using recombinant DNA technology, resulting in the introduction of the cp4 epsps gene.
Canola event MON 88302 was developed by Monsanto Company using recombinant DNA technology, resulting in the introduction of the cp4 epsps gene.
6786-01-0061 (adv. 42010-0061) Summary of the risk assessment of a deliberate release (field trial) of the genetically modified oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.), offspring of the F1 hybrid 23-198 (Event 23), issued by the German Competent Authority ...
在这里, 我们提出了一个协议, 以分析蛋白质组成的大本地蛋白质: 蛋白质和蛋白质: 核酸复合物油菜 (B. 油菜)韧皮部渗出液使用3D 聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳 (PAGE) 方法结合蓝色本机 (BN) 与两个变性页后,...
Awards 2015 Quedlinburger Pflanzenzüchtungstage: Extra prize for the Kurt-von-Rümker-Presentations. 2014 Winner of the first Giessen ScienceSlam. Selected Publications Stein A, Coriton O, Rousseau-Gueutin M, Samans B, Schiessl SV, Obermeier C, Parkin IAP, Chévre AM, Snowdon RJ (2017) Mapping of homoeologous chromosome exchanges influencing quantitative trait variation in Brassica napus. Plant Biotechnol J, https:/doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12732n. Schiessl S, Hüttel B, Kühn D, Reinhardt R, Snowdon RJ (2017) Post-polyploidisation morphotype diversification associates with gene copy-number variation. Scientific Reports 7, 41845, doi: 10.1038/srep41845. Schiessl S, Hüttel B, Kühn D, Reinhardt R, Snowdon RJ (2017) Targeted deep sequencing of flowering regulators in Brassica napus reveals extensive copy number variation. Scientific Data 4: 170013, doi: 10.1038/sdata.2017.13. Schiessl S, Iniguez-Luy F, Qian W, Snowdon RJ: Diverse regulatory factors associate with flowering time and yield responses in ...
ACBPs from a selected group of Brassicaceae and Monocots were assembled for the phylogenetic analysis. To emphasize relationship among them, both NJ and ML tree were reconstructed, based on the conserved domain. Sixty-four ACBPs were involved, including ACBP of algae to root the tree. The presence of ACBPs in these species indicated their importance in biological function, and their existence before the divergence of land plants [31, 32]. One class might have more than one copy due to duplication event resulting in dissimilar sequences [33]. In Monocots, class I contained two or three copies and the other classes contained only one copy, this shows that gene duplication occurred only in class I for this group [32]. A. lyrata Class II was missing. A.lyrata and A. thaliana are close enough that many traits are shared between them. Their divergence occurred about ten million years ago. A. lyrata genome is twice larger than that of A. thaliana. The missing Class II ACBPs in A. lyrata might have ...
Oligochitosan is a potent plant defense elicitor, but how oligochitosan induces the resistance of plants to pathogens is still unclear. Intend to explore t
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
This Decision Document has been prepared to explain the regulatory decision reached under the guidelines Dir94-08 Assessment Criteria for Determining Environmental Safety of Plants with Novel Traits and its companion document Dir94-09 The Biology of Brassica napus L. (Canola/Rapeseed), and the proposed guidelines Pro94-04 Guidelines for the Assessment of Plants with Novel Traits as Livestock Feed.
This Decision Document has been prepared to explain the regulatory decision reached under the guidelines Dir94-08 Assessment Criteria for Determining Environmental Safety of Plants with Novel Traits and its companion document Dir94-09 The Biology of Brassica napus L. (Canola/Rapeseed) and the guidelines Dir95-03 Guidelines for the Assessment of Livestock Feed from Plants with Novel Traits.
This Decision Document has been prepared to explain the regulatory decision reached under the guidelines Dir94-08 Assessment Criteria for Determining Environmental Safety of Plants with Novel Traits and its companion document Dir94-09 The Biology of Brassica napus L. (Canola/Rapeseed) and the guidelines Dir95-03 Guidelines for the Assessment of Livestock Feed from Plants with Novel Traits.
Indian J. of Agricult. Sciences, 61, (12),1991, pp. 872-876. An experiment was conducted to find out the production potential, economical feasibility and nutrient removal of different rice-based cropping systems, including sugarcane as the component crop.. The six cropping systems tested were viz.-wheat-fallow; S2, rice-maize (Zea mays L.)-maize + cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] fodder (1:1); S3, rice-toria [Brassica rapa (L.) Thell. emend. Metzger var napus L.; syn B. napus L. var napus L. sensu stricto; B. campestris L. var toria Duth. & Full.]-wheat-dhaincha [Sesbania cannabina (Retz.). Pers.] green-manure; S4 rice-potato + Indian mustard [Brassica juncea(L.) Czernj. & Cosson] 3:1 - blackgram (Phaseolus mungo L.); S5, rice-wheat + Indian mustard (9:1)-greengram; S6, rice-wheat + sugarcane 4:1-ratoon-wheat (3-year rotation). Randomized block design was followed with 4 replications.. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) - potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) - wheat (Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori & ...
Citation: Osborne, S.L. 2006. Can existing sensor-based technology be utilized to evaluate canola growth and nitrogen nutrition? 2006 ASA, CSSA, SSSA Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, Indiana, November 12-16, 2006. Interpretive Summary: Over the past few decades there has been considerable research evaluating sensor-based technologies for in-season application of nitrogen (N). The majority of this work has been done on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and corn (Zea mays L.), with little research on other crops. Field studies were established in Brookings, SD to evaluate the GreenSeeker Hand Held optical sensor (NTech Industries, Ukiah, CA) for measuring in-season N status on canola (Brassica napus L). Sensor readings and plant biomass samples were collected weekly through the rosette to early bud growth stages. The sensor measures reflectance in the red and near infrared (NIR) regions of the electromagnetic spectrum and calculates a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). The ability of the ...
Bolzan de Campos S, Youn J-W, Farina R, et al. Changes in Root Bacterial Communities Associated to Two Different Development Stages of Canola (*Brassica napus* L. var oleifera) Evaluated through Next-Generation Sequencing. Microbial Ecology. 2013;65(3):593-601 ...
NGEZIMANA W, AGENBAG GA.. The effect of nitrogen and sulphur on the grain yield and quality of canola (Brassica napus L.) grown in the Western Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 2014; 31(2) : 69-75. ...
KAMH, M., WIESLER, F., HORST W.J. (2003): Significance of root growth and activity for genotypic differences in nitrogen efficiency of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.): I. Estimation of root growth and nitrate-N uptake under field conditions., In Merbach, W., Hütsch, B.W., Wittenmeyer, L., Augustin, J. (eds). pp 23-31. Prozessregulation in der Rhizosphäre. 13. Borkheider Seminar zur ™kophysiologie des Wurzelraumes. Teubner Verlag Stuttgart. ISBN 3-519-00447-X. ...
The phenolic compounds present in oilseed rape can form complexes with the oilseed rape protein, thus reducing the high nutritional value of the protein. Moreover, these phenolic compounds give rise to an undesirable dark colouration of oilseed rape protein products. Sinapic acid esters, which mainly consist of the bitter substance sinapine (or sinapoyl-choline), normally make up 1-2% of rapeseed meal. Sinapine is the most frequently occurring phenolic acid ester compound, accounting for approximately 80% of the total phenolic content ...
Deutsche Saatveredelung AG (DSV) is one of the leading German plant breeding companies in agriculture focussing on research, breeding, production, advisory service and sales. The main species are grasses, oilseed rape and cereals.
Hi Johno, I tried to cover all aspects of my cooking oil driving experiments but will be happy to try to answer any questions you have in detail later on. Firstly we have much in common, I have run Landrovers previously and I am purchasing (next weekend) a 1966 88" SWB which has been fitted with a Perkins Prima Turbodiesel.(Google Prima Converters and see the website) I also ran two Diesel VW Passats one after the other, both fitted with the 1600cc non tubo IDI engine...I still have the fuel pump, injectors and glowplugs for one of the engines (snapped a cambelt and damaged the head - my own fault - was attempting to fit a bigger alternator from an Audi 100 with the cam belt cover off, the v belt snapped and wound itself around the cambelt- result one broken head.) that was a good engine,willing and economical, but struggled to pull that big mk 3 Passat at motorway speeds. The cooking oil I use is straight from Sainsburys and is Rape Seed oil (Brassica Napus) £1.18pence per litre (has recently ...
Stock video footage Field of rapeseed (Brassica napus) plants in summer . 00:00:15 . From $59. Royalty free. Download now on Pond5 |||
Aim by fine-tuning the sound: Adjust, first the NOTE and then DETUNE controls so that the original and resynthesized sounds are closely matched (if that is your goal). A good technique is to fade the BALANCE knob fully left/right after making adjustments, if you have the perfect resynthesis the sound wont change (much) as the BALANCE knob is moved. NOTES: 1. The resynthesized sound is only a preview, always Import charged sample (described below) to hear the final resynthesized sound. 2. Untuned noises are difficult to resynthesize. For example the human voice, plosives, breath and similar untuned percussive sounds tend to acquire a vocoded quality. To help resolve these issues the Noise Generator can be used to restore untuned noises to the patch. Note that you can load your own custom Noise Samples to the library if needed ...
... (Brassica napus) aka: swede, yellow turnips, Swedish turnips, are oblate oval shaped vegetables with a thin skin that is purple on the top and yellow on the bottom. The inner flesh is a pale orange. Rutabagas will sometimes be found with their greens (leaves) attached at the stem, and these leaves can be eaten.
The development of double low oilseed rape or canola as a unique crop in the mid 1970s resulted in rapid expansion in the area devoted to its production in North America, especially in the western C
Spring has finally sprung and according to the fruit team, who are on blossom watch, we are at a similar stage to the spring of 2014, if that is of any hel
not sure if the nest was actually in the crop but it seemed to be although it was on the edge of some rough grass in a 6m margin ...
After testing the ODNs, an effective ODN or ODNs are chosen; a rough guideline for an effective ODN is one which depletes the target mRNA to less than 20% of the level of the uninjected at a 10 ng dose, as seen by northern analysis. The ODNs so selected are generally resynthesized in a modified form. The modification suggested by experiments of Baker, et al. (1990) and Dagle, et al. (1990) is used, where 3-4 of the 5-most and 3-most phosphodiester bonds are replaced by phosphorothioate bonds, leaving at least 8 unmodified bonds in the center of the ODN (e.g. Kofron et al., 1997). Modified oligodeoxynucleotides provide two major advantages over unmodified ODNs. The modified ODNs can deplete the message more effectively than the unmodified ODNs at a much lower concentration (e.g. compare the 2 ng depletion by modified ODN #7 in fig. 4b to the 10 ng unmodified ODN #7 depletion in fig. 4a). Second, the modified ODNs provide a more reliable and reproducible depletion. However, it has been our ...
The invention relates to fungal disease resistance, in particular to resistance to blackleg disease caused by Leptosphaeria maculans. Provided are Brassica plants and seeds comprising a fragment of chromosome 8 of a wild B. rapa accession in their genome, wherein this fragment comprises a blackleg resistance locus. Further provided are molecular markers linked to the blackleg resistance locus and methods of using the markers. Brassica plants and seeds with stacked blackleg resistance loci are also provided.
S locus glycoprotein (SLG) and S locus receptor kinase (SRK) cDNAs were isolated from an S allele present in a number of self-compatible Brassica napus lines. This A10 allele did not segregate with self-incompatibility in crosses involving other self-incompatible B. napus lines. The SLG-A10 cDNA was found to contain an intact open reading frame and was predicted to encode an SLG protein with sequence similarities to those previously associated with phenotypically strong self-incompatibility reactions. SLG-A10 transcripts were detected in the developing stigma at steady state levels even higher than those detected for SLG alleles linked with self-incompatibility. Analysis of the corresponding SRK-A10 cDNA showed that it was very similar to other S locus receptor kinase genes and was expressed predominantly in the stigma. However, a 1-bp deletion was detected in the SRK gene toward the 3 end of the SLG homology domain. This deletion would lead to premature termination of translation and the ...
Restoring enzyme activity in nonfunctional low erucic acid Brassica napus fatty acid elongase 1 by a single amino acid substitution
Espesye sa uhong sakop sa division nga Ascomycota ang Leptosphaeria gloeospora[7]. Una ning gihulagway ni Miles Joseph Berkeley ug Frederick Currey, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni Pier Andrea Saccardo ni adtong 1883. Ang Leptosphaeria gloeospora sakop sa kahenera nga Leptosphaeria sa kabanay nga Leptosphaeriaceae.[8][9] Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya.[8]. ...
The cruciferous fungal pathogen Verticillium longisporum represents an allodiploid hybrid with long spores and almost double the amount of nuclear DNA compared to other Verticillium species. V. longis
January 2018. Canola requires a lot of fertilizer for optimal production. For every bushel of crop, 1.3 to 1.5 pounds of P2O5 is taken up and the crop removes 0.9 to 1.1 pounds of P2O5 from the field. For example, a canola crop that yields 30 bushels per acre takes up 45 pounds of P2O5 and removes 30 pounds from the field. Unfortunately, the maximum recommended safe rate of seed placed monoammonium phosphate (MAP) for canola in Saskatchewan is 25 pounds per acre. This rate may limit yield on soils with low phosphorus levels and makes it difficult to replace the phosphorus used by previous crops and that will be used in the growing season. Recent research has shown that hybrid Brassica napus canola varieties are more tolerant of seed-placed fertilizers than other Brassica species. In laboratory conditions, Brassica napus hybrids were not injured by 27 to 36 pounds per acre of P2O5.. In 2015, Wheatland Conservation Area conducted an ADOPT (Agriculture Demonstration of Practices and Technologies) ...
Diagnosis and recommendation integrated system dris of soybean seed oil content . Pedro Alexandre Varella Escosteguy ; Diego Berres ; Silas Zanella ;Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 2012, 36 6. Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on the safety of rapeseed powder from Brassica rapa L. and Brassica napus L. as a novel food (NF) pursuant .... ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Seemuller, E., 1976: Infectivity and pathogenicity of Leptosphaeria coniothyrium and other stem inhabiting fungi on raspberry canes
The ethyl acetate extract of the culture filtrate of the marine Ascomycete, Leptosphaeria oraemaris (Linder) yielded a novel metabolite designated by the common name leptosphaerin. An x-ray crystallographic structure analysis was disproved by the synthesis of 3-acetoxy-S-(1,2-dihydroxyethyl)- 3-pyrrolin-2-one 1, starting with N,N-dibenzylhydroxylamine 47 and D-mannitol 44. Oxidation of 47 followed by acid catalyzed hydrolysis gave N-benzylhydroxylamine 4_9. D-mannitol 44 was converted to a bis acetonide and the resulting vicinal diol was cleaved with lead tetraacetate to afford 2.3-0-isopropylidene-D-glyceraldehyde 46. Condensation of 46 and 49 gave N-benzyl-N-(2,3-0-isopropylideneglyceraldimine)-N-oxide 50 which, upon thermolyeis in the presence of methyl acryiate yielded 2- benzy1-3-(1,2-0-isopropylidene dihydroxyethyl)-S-carbomethoxyisoxazolidine 7S. Catalytic hydrogerolysis followed by oxidation and acetylation produced 3-acetoxy-5-(1,2-0-isopropylidenedihydroxyetnyi)-3-pyrroline-2- one 81. ...
Els pleosporals (Pleosporales) és lordre més gran de la classe dels Dothideomycetes. Sestima que conté 23 faílies, 332 gèneres i més de 4.700 espècies.[2] La majoria de les espècies són sapròtrofs sobre material vegetal en descomposició en aigua dolça,[3] marine,[4] o ambients terrestres, però algunes espècies estan associades amb plantes vives com paràsits, epífits o endòfits.[5] Les espècies més ben estudiades causen malalties en les plantes cultivades, per exemple, Cochliobolus heterostrophus, causa malalties en el panís, Phaeosphaeria nodorum (Stagonospora nodorum) la causa la blat i Leptosphaeria maculans la causa en la col (Brassica). Algunes espècies de pleosporals es troben en la femta dels animals[6] i un petit nombre en els líquens[7] i fongs que viuen en les roques.[8] El membre més antic dels Pleosporales és el gènere extint Margaretbarromyces de lEocè.[9]. ...
The fungal pathogen Sclerotinia (,i,Sclerotinia sclerotiorum,/i,) impacts production and yield in one of Canadas number one crops, canola (,i,Brassica napus,/i,). Unfortunately, few cultivars show tolerance to this devastating fungal pathogen. Thus, understanding the plants response to this aggressive fungus is paramount in the identification of resistance genes. While our understanding of the host pathogen interaction is becoming clearer, there is remarkably little information available for Sclerotinia-canola pathosystem. Moreover, we know nothing about how this interaction is specified at the genetic or cellular level. Therefore, we have taken an initiative to compare all of the genes expressed both a susceptible cultivar (Westar) and a partially tolerant cultivar [Zhongyou821 (ZY821)] when challenged with Sclerotinia using global RNAseq strategies. We complement the global RNA profiling data with detailed anatomical studies and validations using qRT-PCR. At the cellular level, Sclerotinia ...
Development of a method for mRNA differential display in filamentous fungi: comparison of mRNA differential display reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and cDNA amplified fragment length polymorphism in Leptosphaeria maculans
The dynamics of genome modification that occurred from the initial hybridization event to the stabilization of allopolyploid species remains largely unexplored. Here, we studied inheritance and expression of rDNA loci in the initial generations of Brassica napus allotetraploids (2n = 38, AACC) resynthesized from Brassica oleracea (2n = 18, CC) and B. rapa (2n = 20, AA) and compared the patterns to natural forms. Starting already from F1 generation, there was a strong uniparental silencing of B. oleracea genes. The epigenetic reprogramming was accompanied with immediate condensation of C-genome nucleolar organizer region (NOR) and progressive transgeneration hypermethylation of polymerase I promoters, mainly at CG sites. No such changes were observed in the A-genome NORs. Locus loss and gains affecting mainly non-NOR loci after the first allotetraploid meiosis did not influence established functional status of NORs. Collectively, epigenetic and genetic modifications in synthetic lines resemble ...
Seed coat color is determined by the type of pigment deposited in the seed coat cells. It is related to important agronomic traits of seeds such as seed dormancy, longevity, oil content, protein content and fiber content. In Brassica napus, inheritance of seed coat color is related to maternal effects and pollen effects (xenia effects). In this research we isolated a mutation of yellow seeded B. napus controlled by a single Mendelian locus, which is named Embryonal Control of Yellow seed coat 1 (Ecy1). Microscopy of transverse sections of the mature seed show that pigment is deposited only in the outer layer of the seed coat. Using Illumina Hisequation 2000 sequencing technology, a total of 12 GB clean data, 116× coverage of coding sequences of B. napus, was achieved from seeds 26 d after pollination (DAP). It was assembled into 172,238 independent transcripts, and 55,637 unigenes. A total of 139 orthologous genes of Arabidopsis transparent testa (TT) genes were mapped in silico to 19 ...
How are your brassica plants coming along? Its likely youve planted them out by now and are keeping an eye on them, particularly for signs of pest and disease. If you havent planted them out, its a little late but you can get away with it for a later crop. Once planted, water them especially well because theyre thirsty plants and August can be a dry month.. If youre growing broccoli, manuring the ground before planting can mean it grows with all mouth and no trousers - that is, leaves galore but fewer spears! A little nitrogen-rich feed, such as liquid seaweed or Growmore, through summer can help as they grow, and every month after that give them a small boost to help them along. This goes for cauliflowers, cabbages and other leafy brassicas.. Its a waiting game for brassicas, though, as itll be a good few months until any harvesting potential appears, but its worth the effort for tasty, home-grown greens! ...
Brassica oleracea BOFH protein: homolog of LFY (Arabidopsis) & FLO (Antirrhinum); from cauliflower, Brassica oleracea; aa sequence given in first source; GenBank Z18362
Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers have developed a computational model that scientists can use to analyze the metabolic processes in rapeseed plants. This information could help scientists figure out how to optimize plant oil production and ultimately improve the production of plant-derived biofuels. To better understand the plant, the researchers created a complex computational model of a large-scale metabolic network of developing rapeseed (Brassica napus) embryos. They gathered information from various sources, eventually including 572 biochemical reactions in the model; each of these has a role in either the seeds metabolism or seed oil production. They can use the information to model conditions that might change the plants ability to produce oil, such as varied nutrients or changes in available light. They can also examine the potential changes of any genetic modifications through simulation. The researchers say they are refining the model and want to extend it for use with ...
Define rape: an Old World herb (Brassica napus) of the mustard family grown as a forage crop and for its seeds which yield… - rape in a sentence
Catching Endophytic Fungi. Comparison of Histochemical and Immunological Methods Beauveria bassiana on a Brassica napus leaf: Immunofluorescence labelling with rabbit primary polyclonal and FITC
18 July 1997 Oilseed crops may prove a real tonicBy Alan BarkerIF development work on a Yorkshire farm proves successful UK arable farmers could soon be
Brussel sprouts are getting some height now and should be ready just before Christmas. They are getting on to be about 1 metre tall. I like to keep all the brassicas together like this so that I can regulate club root infection. I did get a little clubroot in the summer cauliflowers and the calabrese but this ground will not be used for brassicas for another six years and by then there will be few spores in the ground to infect the plants. The new brassica bed has the sweet peas on at the moment. These will be dug in to give a little more nitrogen to the soil because they are legumes and have root nodules that fix atmospheric nitrogen. The new bed will be limed in the spring to make sure that this soil is not a good habitat for the club root fungi. The new brassica bed has not had brassicas on it for about six years. Rotating strictly like this enables you to eradicate diseases like club root ...
Brassica oleracea REM1 protein: expressed in cauliflower reproductive meristems; orthologue of arabidopsis REM1; amino acid sequence in first source
Neutrófilos são as primeiras células do sistema imune a migrarem para o tecido inflamado e exercem a importante função de fagocitose e eliminação imediata de patógenos invasores. A ativação de neutrófilos é um processo de múltiplos passos e de alta complexidade. A busca por agentes biológicos capazes de modular o processo de ativação, migração, fagocitose e produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS) é importante pois aumentam a gama de opções para utilização na pesquisa. Nesse trabalho utilizamos a lectina extraída de Brassica oleracea (BOL) a fim de avaliar a sua capacidade na modulação da resposta de neutrófilos. Para os ensaios nós purificamos neutrófilos de camundongo tanto do sangue periférico quanto da cavidade peritoneal buscando avaliar sua capacidade migratória, o índice de CD62L na superfície e o índice fagocítico de neutrófilos pré-incubados com BOL. A lectina apresentou diversos efeitos de acordo com a dose utilizada, sendo possível ...
I have some germinated seedlings that need light. Cavalo Nero, Cut and come cabbage, Romanesco broccoli, Pak Choi etc. I have a small east facing window, enough space for two trays on the south facing window (Lupins and Tomatoes there atm). If I fleeced them in an unheated polytunnel, will the brassicas survive? ...
Greyhound is a solid Irish variety, it is the only brassica I did not grow from seed, I picked up some sets in Dangan House nursary centre in Galway. They were planted by Mr Lance Spring on a visit here to the west ...
These brassicas, probably cabbage, have been planted not long ago and a rabbit protection fence erected around the edge of the field. However, this summer is proving to be hot and dry so far and the plants could use some rain... more
Yesterday we spent the day up at our allotment, with the aim of sowing mini-meadows and planting out Brassica plants. But firstly the grass paths separating the plot into its four beds needed a good cut. That done we prepared two narrow borders along one edge of the plot, raking the soil finely but adding…
Yesterday was another long day in the garden. Although the NOAA website was showing dark rainy skies, the sun shone all morning. We heard a rumble of thunder at about 1:30, and received about 5 minutes of rain, but then the rain stopped until a late afternoon sprinkle. Yesterday I transplanted the brassica seedlings into…
Find great deals for Biology of Brassica Coenospecies by Elsevier Science & Technology (Hardback, 1999). Shop with confidence on eBay!
BRASSICA GRAY PJ51 Philip Jacobs for Kaffe Fassett Collectives by Rowan for Westminster Fabrics Condition: New Sold in 1/2 yard units = 18 = 45 cm 1 unit = 1/2 yard 2 units = 1 yard 3 units = 1 1/2 yard 4 units = 2 yards etc If you order several half yard units, you will receive the fabric
Measure the nitrogen uptake of your wheat and oilseed rape crop as well as the fresh matter of oilseed rape. Nitrogen status calculates the nitrogen uptake based on leaf cover, leaf green color and estimated fraction of brown leaves. The algorithm classifies leaf pixels, filters noisy areas and counts leaf pixels.. ...
An International consortium of more than 30 research institutes, coordinated by scientists at INRA and CEA-Genoscope and associating CNRS and University of ...
Oil Meter Price - Select 2017 high quality Oil Meter Price products in best price from certified Chinese Oil Temp Meter manufacturers, Seed Oil Content Meter suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
Plains Oilseed Products, LLC ("POP") an Oklahoma Limited Liability Company, formed January 3, 2007, plans to construct, own and operate a state-of-the-art oilseed processing plant in Western Oklahoma, USA.
Brassica napus subsp. napus. syn. Brassica napus var. oleifera Delile, Brassica campestris subsp. napus (L.) Hook.f. & T. ... In commerce, colza is a traditional rapeseed oil (with turnip rape oil, sarson oil, toria oil (Brassica rapa ssp.), and ravison ...
Brassica juncea and B. nigra respectively). Vegetable oils is produced from the seeds of several species such as Brassica napus ... Brassica rapa (turnip, Chinese cabbage, etc.), Brassica napus (rapeseed, etc.), Raphanus sativus (common radish), Armoracia ... Brassica oleracea), turnip, napa cabbage, bomdong, bok choy and rapini (Brassica rapa), rocket salad/arugula (Eruca sativa), ... The genus name comes from the Classical Latin word brassica, referring to cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables. The ...
... or Brassica napus var. napobrassica, or Brassica napus subsp. rapifera) is a root vegetable that originated as a cross between ... It originated from a cross between turnip (Brassica rapa) and Brassica oleracea. The resulting cross then doubled its ... Brassica napobrassica was first validly published by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum as a variety of B. ... In Scotland, it is known as turnip, and in Scots as tumshie or neep (from Old English næp, Latin napus). Some areas of south ...
"Breeding Brassica napus for Shatter Resistance". Plant Breeding (PDF). doi:10.5772/29051. ISBN 978-953-307-932-5. Moazzami, A ... Brassica napus) Sesame and canola are harvested before the seed is fully mature, so that the pods do not split and drop the ...
Brassica juncea Coss. Brassica napus L. Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata Brassica ... gemnifera Brassica oleracea L. var. gongyloides Eruca sativa Mill. Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. Sinapis alba L. Apuleia ...
Brassica napus L.). ...
mostly Brassica napus. 9[86] - 11 Table 2. ALA content as the percentage of the whole food.[86][127] ...
... in Brassica napus crops. L. maculans is the most important pathogen of Brassica napus, which is used as a feed source for ... Brassica napus produces more oil per land area than other sources like soybeans. Major losses to oilseed crops have also ... In addition, phoma stem canker can also be spread by infected seeds when the fungus infects the seed pods of Brassica napus ... The fungus is an important pathogen of Brassica napus (canola) crops. L. maculans causes phoma stem canker or blackleg. ...
Brassica napus. Colza. Ag, Cr, Hg, Se, Zn. Phytoextraction. [6],[7] Pb-Plomb. xxx. Brassica oleracea. Kale et Chou ornemental, ... Brassica juncea, Brassica chinensis, Brassica narinosa. xxx. Cd(A), Cr(A), Cu(H), Ni(H), Pb(H), Pb(P), Zn(H). Acide citrique en ... Brassica napus. Colza. Ag, Hg, Pb, Se, Zn. Phytoextraction. [6],[7] Cr-Chrome. A-. Callisneria Americana. Tape Grass. Cd(H), Cu ... Brassica napus. Colza. Ag, Cr, Hg, Pb, Se. Phytoextraction. [6],[7] Zn-Zinc. xxx. Eichhornia crassipes. Jacinthe d'eau (?). Cd( ...
Mendel (Brassica napus L.), as a clubroot-resistant crop. It has been found that few cultivators exist. Specific genotypes do ... 2011). Breeding for clubroot resistant spring canola (Brassica napus L.) for the Canadian Prairies: Can the European winter ... Clubroot is a soilborne disease caused by the biotrophic protist Plasmodiophora brassica. The infection causes the formation of ... the interaction between Plasmodiophora brassicae and Brassica oleracea Charles W. Averre. "Club-Root of Cabbage and Related ...
The larvae feed on Brassica oleracea and Brassica napus. Don Herbison-Evans & Stella Crossley (February 6, 2008). "Hellula ...
The larvae feed on Tropaelum majus and Brassica napus. Pieris rapae is one of the closest relatives of this family. Pieris ...
... brassica (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.157.200.249 --- brassica napus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ... 100.157.200.277 --- brassica rapa (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.157.200.500 --- mustard plant (wd , gwp gwe g , ...
ArabidopsisPAP1Increases Antioxidants and Phenolics in Brassica napus Leaves". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 58 ( ...
Brassica juncea), rape seed (Brassica napus), and common dietary brassicas like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, bok choy, and ... Purification and characterization of a myrosinase from rapeseed (Brassica napus L.)". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 315: 421-429. doi ... "Different Myrosinase and Idioblast Distribution in Arabidopsis and Brassica napus". Plant Physiology. 127: 1750-1763. doi: ... However, more recent studies have shown that diets high in glucosinolate-containing vegetables such as dietary brassicas have ...
Oilseed rape (Brassica napus)[5]. Sesame and canola are harvested before the seed is fully mature, so that the pods do not ... "Breeding Brassica napus for Shatter Resistance". Plant Breeding (PDF). doi:10.5772/29051. ISBN 978-953-307-932-5.. ... Shattering in many crops involves dehiscence of the mature fruit, for example, in Brassica napus. ...
Brassinolide was the first identified brassinosteroid and was isolated from extracts of rapeseed (Brassica napus) pollen in ... a plant growth-promoting steroid isolated from Brassica napus pollen". Nature. 281 (5728): 216-217. Bibcode:1979Natur.281..216G ...
The first isolated brassinosteroid, it was discovered when it was shown that pollen from rapeseed (Brassica napus) could ... a plant growth-promoting steroid isolated from Brassica napus pollen". Nature. 281 (5728): 216-217. Bibcode:1979Natur.281..216G ...
... larva on Brassica napus "Cabbage-stem Flea Beetle - NatureSpot". www.naturespot.org.uk. http://www. ...
Brassica napus) pollen. Brassinolide was the first isolated brassinosteroid in 1979, when pollen from Brassica napus was shown ... The yield of brassinosteroids from 230 kg of Brassica napus pollen was only 10 mg. Since their discovery, over 70 BR compounds ... a plant growth-promoting steroid isolated from Brassica napus pollen". Nature. 281 (5728): 216-217. Bibcode:1979Natur.281..216G ... of Indian bot society) Brassinosteroids increased tolerance to high temperature in Brassica juncea L. (Kumar S. 2010) The ...
nov., two root-associated bacteria isolated from Brassica napus and Arabidopsis thaliana". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 50 (1): 9 ...
... is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that infects the roots of Brassica napus, from which it derives ... nov., two root-associated bacteria isolated from Brassica napus and Arabidopsis thaliana". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 50. (Pt 1 ...
nov., two root-associated bacteria isolated from Brassica napus and Arabidopsis thaliana". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 50 (Part ...
"Identification and characterization of small RNAs from the phloem of Brassica napus". The Plant Journal. 53 (5): 739-749. doi: ...
Gül, Muhammet Kemal; Amar, Samija (2006). "Sterols and the phytosterol content in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.)" (PDF). ... It is so named because it was first isolated from the rapeseed (Brassica campestris). It is thought to have anti-inflammatory ...
Gaeta RT, Pires JC, Iniguez-Luy F, Leon E, Osborn TC (2007). „Genomic changes in resynthesized Brassica napus and their effect ...
Brassica napus (Rape). Brassica oleracea var. oleracea. Noccaea caerulescens (Alpine penny-cress) (Thlaspi caerulescens). ... Brassica napus (Rape). Brassica oleracea var. oleracea. Noccaea caerulescens (Alpine penny-cress) (Thlaspi caerulescens). ... Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis (Chinese cabbage) (Brassica pekinensis). Raphanus sativus (Radish). Eutrema salsugineum ( ... Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis (Chinese cabbage) (Brassica pekinensis). Raphanus sativus (Radish). Eutrema salsugineum ( ...
tr,A0A078JRM1,A0A078JRM1_BRANA BnaCnng57540D protein OS=Brassica napus OX=3708 GN=BnaCnng57540D PE=4 SV=1 ...
sp,Q6RJS2,DHYS_BRANA Deoxyhypusine synthase OS=Brassica napus OX=3708 GN=DHS PE=2 SV=1 ... Brassica napus (Rape). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and ...
tr,A0A078FTQ2,A0A078FTQ2_BRANA BnaA07g08840D protein OS=Brassica napus OX=3708 GN=BnaA07g08840D PE=4 SV=1 ...
tr,A0A078JRS2,A0A078JRS2_BRANA BnaAnng30720D protein OS=Brassica napus OX=3708 GN=BnaAnng30720D PE=3 SV=1 ...
Flavonoid biosynthesis - Brassica napus (rape) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
Brassica napus L. emend. Metzg. ssp. napus; Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk; Brassica napus L. var. oleifera ... Brassica napus L. emend. Metzg. ssp. napus; Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk; Brassica napus L. var. oleifera ... Brassica napus L. emend. Metzg. ssp. napus; Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk; Brassica napus L. var. oleifera ... Brassica napus var. napus. UPOV Code:. BRASS_NAP_NUS. Other Botanical Names:. ...
Brassica napus) germplasm was investigated using the important Australian weed, annual ryegrass ( Lolium rigidum) as the target ... Lemerle D, Luckett DJ, Koetz E, Wu H (2012) Canola (Brassica napus) competition for weed management. Pak J Weed Sci Res 18:327- ... Canola (Brassica napus) germplasm shows variable allelopathic effects against annual ryegrass (Lolium rigidum). ... The allelopathic activity of canola (Brassica napus) germplasm was investigated using the important Australian weed, annual ...
Oligochitosan is a potent plant defense elicitor, but how oligochitosan induces the resistance of plants to pathogens is still unclear. Intend to explore t
... napus, the vernalization requirement of B. napus probably originated from B. rapa. Brassica genes also were compared to ... Comparison of Flowering Time Genes in Brassica rapa, B. napus and Arabidopsis thaliana T. C. Osborn, C. Kole, I. A. P. Parkin, ... Comparison of Flowering Time Genes in Brassica rapa, B. napus and Arabidopsis thaliana T. C. Osborn, C. Kole, I. A. P. Parkin, ... Comparison of Flowering Time Genes in Brassica rapa, B. napus and Arabidopsis thaliana T. C. Osborn, C. Kole, I. A. P. Parkin, ...
Extraction of the Constituent Subgenomes of the Natural Allopolyploid Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Bin Zhu, Yuqin Tu, Pan Zeng ... Extraction of the Constituent Subgenomes of the Natural Allopolyploid Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Bin Zhu, Yuqin Tu, Pan Zeng ... Extraction of the Constituent Subgenomes of the Natural Allopolyploid Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Bin Zhu, Yuqin Tu, Pan Zeng ... Extraction of the Constituent Subgenomes of the Natural Allopolyploid Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) ...
Comparative proteome analysis of metabolic changes by low phosphorus stress in two Brassica napus genotypes.. Yao Y1, Sun H, Xu ...
Karyotyping of Brassica napus L. Based on C0t-1 DNA Banding by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization ... In order to precisely recognize and karyotype Brassica napus L. chromosomes, C0t-1 DNA was extracted from its genomic DNA, ... Keywords: Brassica napus; C0t-1 DNA; chromosome banding; fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); karyotyping ... The B. napus karyotype has been constructed, for the first time, on the basis of both C0t-1 DNA FISH banding patterns and ...
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis - Brassica napus (rape) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , ...
IGMT5. a as a candidate gene of the major resistant QTL SRC6 in Brassica napus. PLoS ONE 8:e67740CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral ... Zou J, Jiang C, Cao Z, Li R, Long Y, Chen S, Meng J (2010) Association mapping of seed oil content in Brassica napus and ... Wang X, Wang H, Long Y et al (2013) Identification of QTLs associated with oil content in a high-oil Brassica napus cultivar ... By genome-wide association study of seed oil content using 521 B. napus accessions genotyped with the Brassica 60K SNP array, ...
Olin-Faith, M., and W. K. Hennen, 1992 C-banded karyotypes of Brassica campestris, Brassica oleracea and Brassica napus. Genome ... 1996 Alignment of the conserved C genomes of Brassica oleracea and Brassica napus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 93: 833-839. ... Parkin, I. A. P., S. M. Gulden, A. G. Sharpe, L. Lukens, M. Trick et al., 2005 Segmental structure of the Brassica napus genome ... Gaeta, R. T., J. C. Pires, F. Iniguez-Luy, E. Leon and T. C. Osborn, 2007 Genomic changes in resynthesized Brassica napus and ...
Cheung, W. Y., G. Champagne, N. Hubert, and B. S. Landry, 1997 Comparison of the genetic maps of Brassica napus and Brassica ... 1985 High frequency embryogenesis through isolated microspore culture in Brassica napus and Brassica carinata. Plant Sci. 39: ... Parkin, I. A. P., A. G. Sharpe and D. J. Lydiate, 2003 Patterns of genome duplication within the Brassica napus genome. Genome ... Ferreira, M. E., P. H. Williams and T. C. Osborn, 1994 RFLP mapping of Brassica napus using double haploid lines. Theor. Appl. ...
Brassica napus L.) is known to be affected by waterlogging, the genetic basis of waterlogging tolerance by rapeseed is largely ... Brassica napus L.); waterlogging; DGE (digital gene expression); roots; transcriptome rapeseed (Brassica napus L.); ... Zou X, Tan X, Hu C, Zeng L, Lu G, Fu G, Cheng Y, Zhang X. The Transcriptome of Brassica napus L. Roots under Waterlogging at ... Although rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is known to be affected by waterlogging, the genetic basis of waterlogging tolerance by ...
A Brassica napus cDNA (BnRAN1) encoding a putative Cu(2+)-ATPase was cloned in this study. A complementation assay demonstrated ... Complementation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ccc2 mutant by a putative P1B-ATPase from Brassica napus supports a copper- ...
Brassica napus) and wild Brassica juncea: An evaluation of potential for transgene escape, Crop Protection, 2011, 30, 1, 57. ... Fitness of backcross six of hybrids between transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum). ... Brassica napus) and its relatives, Plant Science, 2013, 211, 42. CrossRef. *11. A. Barnaud, J. M. Kalwij, M. A. McGeoch, B. ... Brassica napus, AACC, 2n = 38) resistant to the herbicide glufosinate and wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum, RrRr, 2n = 18). ...
Near-isogenic lines of Brassica napus with/without Rlm6. A highly effective resistance introgressed from Brassica juncea into B ... Pathogenicity of Leptosphaeria maculans isolates on a Brassica napus-Brassica juncea recombinant line. Phytopathology 89: 169- ... The Brassica napus-Leptosphaeria maculans pathosystem and the multiyear recurrent scheme described by Brun et al. (2000) were ... Two kinds of resistance are described in Brassica napus. There is R-gene mediated resistance, caused by a set of Rlm genes ( ...
J. M. Clarke, "The effects of leaf removal on yield and yield components of brassica napus," Canadian Journal of Plant Science ... W. Diepenbrock, "Yield analysis of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.): a review," Field Crops Research, vol. 67, no. 1, pp ... Leaf Senescence, Root Morphology, and Seed Yield of Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.) at Varying Plant Densities. Ming Li ... G. Sidlauskas and S. Bernotas, "Some factors affecting seed yield of spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) by means of crop ...
... Ming Li ... Brassica napus L.) at Varying Plant Densities," BioMed Research International, vol. 2017, Article ID 8581072, 16 pages, 2017. ...
2011 Integration of linkage maps for the Amphidiploid Brassica napus and comparative mapping with Arabidopsis and Brassica rapa ... 2003 Hybridization between transgenic Brassica napus L. and its wild relatives: Brassica rapa L., Raphanus raphanistrum L., ... 2006 Genetic control of oil content in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Theor. Appl. Genet. 113: 1331-1345. ... 2013 Consequences of gene flow between oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and its relatives. Plant Sci. 211: 42-51. ...
... used as carbon source in the medium on particular carbohydrates content in hypocotyls of Brassica napus cv. Topas during in... ... used as carbon source in the medium on particular carbohydrates content in hypocotyls of Brassica napus cv. Topas during in ...
  • The allelopathic activity of canola ( Brassica napus ) germplasm was investigated using the important Australian weed, annual ryegrass ( Lolium rigidum ) as the target species. (springer.com)
  • Here, the allotetraploid species Brassica napus L. is a global crop of major economic importance, providing canola oil (seed) and vegetables for human consumption and fodder and meal for livestock feed. (osti.gov)
  • Production of canola quality B. napus for livestock feed and human food. (gc.ca)
  • Soybean ( Glycine max L.) and canola ( Brassica napus L.) seeds contain polyunsaturated fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-9, which are important for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and the control of LDL cholesterol, leading to scientific interest in extracting and characterizing these lipids. (rsc.org)
  • A canola (Brassica napus) é uma planta herbácea anual desenvolvida por pesquisadores canadenses da Universidade de Manitoba em 1974 e está mundialmente classificada como sendo a terceira oleoginosa mais produzida. (veterinaria.org)
  • Assim, este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar os teores de matéria seca de planta inteira, terço superior e síliquas, bem como o número de síliquas produzidas por planta de canola (Brassica napus) submetida a diferentes testes de polinização, durante as safras agrícolas de 2016 e 2017. (veterinaria.org)
  • Agentes polinizadores como Apis mellifera influenciam de forma positiva aumentando a produção de síliquas por planta de canola e fatores ambientais, como temperatura e pluviosidade interferem no desempenho produtivo da canola (Brassica napus). (veterinaria.org)
  • Canola (Brassica napus) is an annual herbaceous plant developed by Canadian researchers at the University of Manitoba in 1974 and globally classified as the third most produced oleoginous. (veterinaria.org)
  • The objective of this work was to evaluate the dry matter contents of whole plant, upper third and silica, besides the number of silica produced by canola (Brassica napus) plant submitted to different pollination tests during the agricultural seasons of 2016 and 2017. (veterinaria.org)
  • Pollinating agents such as Apis mellifera influence positively increasing silica production by canola plant and environmental factors such as temperature and rainfall interfere with productive performance of canola (Brassica napus). (veterinaria.org)
  • DD1995-04: Determination of Environmental Safety of Plant Genetic Systems Inc. (PGS) Novel Hybridization System for Canola (Brassica napus L. (agr.ca)
  • This Decision Document has been prepared to explain the regulatory decision reached under the guidelines Dir94-08 Assessment Criteria for Determining Environmental Safety of Plants with Novel Traits and its companion document Dir94-09 The Biology of Brassica napus L. (Canola/Rapeseed), and the proposed guidelines Pro94-04 Guidelines for the Assessment of Plants with Novel Traits as Livestock Feed . (agr.ca)
  • Mapping of the loci controlling oleic and linolenic acid contents and development of fad2 and fad3 allele-specific markers in canola (Brassica napus L. (deepdyve.com)
  • In this study, the effects of selenite on root tissue in Brassica napus (canola) were investigated to better understand its mode of toxicity and the metabolic adjustments needed to mediate a selenite-response. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Leptosphaeria maculans, the causal agent of blackleg disease, interacts with Brassica napus (oilseed rape, canola) and other Brassica hosts in a gene‐for‐gene manner. (usda.gov)
  • Current research priorities to understand the genetics of shattering include the following crops: Barley Buckwheat Grain Amaranth Oilseed rape (Brassica napus) Sesame and canola are harvested before the seed is fully mature, so that the pods do not split and drop the seeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fungus is an important pathogen of Brassica napus (canola) crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • This article is a list of diseases of rapeseed and canola (Brassica napus and B. rapa or B. campestris). (wikipedia.org)
  • Yield performance of late-maturing winter canola (Brassica napus L.) types in the High Rainfall Zone of southern Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major canola species that are susceptible to Alternaria Black Spot include Brassica rapa and Brassica napus (which are modified forms of rapeseed or brown mustard). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Canola Council of Canada has reported that B. rapa is more susceptible to the disease than B. napus, because the latter has leaf wax, which provides more tolerance to black spot disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Turnip, rutabaga, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, mustard, and many other vegetables are related to the two natural canola varieties commonly grown, which are cultivars of B. napus and B. rapa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oil made from the seed is sometimes also called canola or colza, which is one reason why it is sometimes confused with rapeseed oil, but this comes from a different Brassica species (Brassica napus). (wikipedia.org)
  • The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish Canola) but usually the related species Brassica napus (rapeseed) and Brassica juncea (mustard greens and mizuna). (wikipedia.org)
  • Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brassica species and varieties commonly used for food include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, choy sum, rutabaga, turnip and some seeds used in the production of canola oil and the condiment mustard. (wikipedia.org)
  • the Netherlands and the University of Queensland, Australia) announced it had sequenced the entire genome of rapeseed (canola, Brassica napus) and its constituent genomes present in B. rapa and B. oleracea in 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major difference between annual and biennial cultivars of oilseed Brassica napus and B. rapa is conferred by genes controlling vernalization-responsive flowering time. (genetics.org)
  • To test this hypothesis, near-isogenic lines with/without the R -gene Rlm6 introduced into two Brassica napus cultivars differing in quantitative resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans were used in a 5-yr field experiment. (wiley.com)
  • The heavy selection pressure due to intensive breeding of Brassica napus has created a narrow gene pool, limiting the ability to produce improved varieties through crosses between B. napus cultivars. (g3journal.org)
  • Here, straw derived from 17 B. napus cultivars, of varying crop types, were steam exploded, saccharified and fermented to establish differences in biomass composition relevant to cellulosic ethanol production. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, it is important to understand the genetic bases of PH to breed new cultivars with an ideal plant architecture and to maximize B. napus ' economic benefits as an oil and bioenergy crop. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There are two distinctly different groups of Brassica rapa used as leaf vegetables in China, and a wide range of cultivars within these two groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • A and B) One ovary cell (2 n = 38) with 20 A-subgenome chromosomes (blue) and 18 C-subgenome chromosomes (red) (A) from B. napus cv. (genetics.org)
  • In order to precisely recognize and karyotype Brassica napus L. chromosomes, C 0 t -1 DNA was extracted from its genomic DNA, labeled withbiotin-11-dUTP and in situ hybridized. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Using this diagnostic probe mix and a BAC that contained a C-genome repeat in two successive hybridizations allowed for routine identification of the corresponding homoeologous chromosomes between the A and C genomes of B. napus . (genetics.org)
  • This robust novel chromosomal painting technique will have biological applications for the understanding of chromosome pairing, homoeologous recombination, and genome evolution in the genus Brassica and will facilitate new applied breeding technologies that rely upon identification of chromosomes. (genetics.org)
  • recently described an exchange between segments of homeologous chromosomes in some genotypes of the allotetraploid Brassica napus and referred to this rearrangement as an interstitial homeologous reciprocal transposition. (genetics.org)
  • These cytological observations suggest that exchanges could occur between homeologous chromosomes of B. napus . (genetics.org)
  • After five generations of recurrent pollination, 307 G5 plants with a chromosome number similar to wild radish were genotyped using 105 B. napus specific markers well distributed along the chromosomes. (genetics.org)
  • Analysis of the pairwise segregation of markers revealed that 23 markers could be assigned to six linkage groups, most probably reflecting six B. napus C-chromosomes. (springer.com)
  • Our data indicate that exchanges among homoeologous chromosomes are a major mechanism creating novel allele combinations and phenotypic variation in newly formed B. napus polyploids. (plantcell.org)
  • We genotyped the three corresponding progenies in a cross to a natural B. napus on the two homoeologous A1 and C1 chromosomes. (edu.au)
  • Chevre AM, This P, Eber F, Deschamps M, Renard M, Delseny M, Quiros CF (1991) Characterization of disomic addition lines Brassica napus-Brassica nigra by isozyme, fatty acid and RFLP markers. (springer.com)
  • Research has shown when measuring fatty acid content of some of the commonly known Brassicacae, such as Brassica napus, B. nigra and B. rapa, B. elongata has shown to have one of the higher counts of fatty acids in concentration of mass per leaf. (wikipedia.org)
  • B. napus differs from B. nigra, but can be distinguished by the upper leaves which do not clasp the stem, from B. rapa by its smaller petals which are less than 13 mm (0.51 in) across. (wikipedia.org)
  • As interspecific cross and interploid hybridization play an important role in genome evolution and plant speciation, we created a new Brassica artificial hybrid, a Brassica allooctaploid (AAAACCCC, 2n = 8× = 76), by interspecific crossing and genome doubling. (springer.com)
  • Plant Genetic Systems Inc. has developed a novel Brassica napus oilseed rape hybridization system. (agr.ca)
  • DD1996-17: Determination of Environmental Safety of Plant Genetic Systems Inc.'s (PGS) Novel Hybridization System for Rapeseed (Brassica napus L. (gc.ca)
  • MAIN CONCLUSION : Small RNAs and microRNAs were found to vary extensively in synthetic Brassica napus and subsequent generations, accompanied by the activation of transposable elements in response to hybridization and polyploidization. (usda.gov)
  • Resynthesizing B. napus by hybridization and chromosome doubling provides an approach to create novel polyploids and increases the usable genetic variability in oilseed rape. (usda.gov)
  • Although many studies have shown that small RNAs (sRNAs) act as important factor during hybridization and polyploidization in plants, much less is known on how sRNAs change in synthetic B. napus, particularly in subsequent generations after formation. (usda.gov)
  • K. Różyło and E. Pałys, "New oilseed rape ( Brassica napus L.) varieties-canopy development, yield components and plant density," Acta Agriculture a Scandinavica Section B-Soil Plant Science , vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 260-266, 2014. (hindawi.com)
  • To elucidate this question, we analyzed advanced generations of intergeneric hybrids, derived from an initial pollination of known oilseed rape varieties ( Brassica napus , AACC, 2 n = 38) by a local population of wild radish ( Raphanus raphanistrum , RrRr, 2 n = 18). (genetics.org)
  • The content and composition of glucosinolates in genetically different varieties of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L. (eurekamag.com)
  • Content and composition of glucosinolates in leaves of 2 traditional and 8 low-glucosinolate (LG) varieties of oilseed rape (B. napus) grown in Poznan during 1994-95 was determined by HPLC at 3 different stages of development. (eurekamag.com)
  • 2) the use of 85 Brassica napus rapeseed varieties screened 746 pairs of SSR primers, 20 pairs of primer material is selected out as the core primers, 20 pairs of primer material is selected out as an alternative primers, 40 pairs of primers relatively evenly distributed in Brassica napus the 19 linkage groups. (dissertationtopic.net)
  • B. napus varieties have been shown to be less susceptible than others, because they have more leaf wax. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brassica oilseed varieties are some of the oldest plants cultivated by humanity, with documentation of its use in India 4,000 years ago, and use in China and Japan 2,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • The region containing one pair of Brassica QTLs was collinear with the top of chromosome 5 in A. thaliana where flowering time genes FLC, FY and CO are located. (genetics.org)
  • Chromosome complement and phenotype of plants from B. napus to RBR. (genetics.org)
  • The B. napus karyotype has been constructed, for the first time, on the basis of both C 0 t -1 DNA FISH banding patterns and chromosome morphology. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • In a resynthesized B. napus amphihaploid, meiotic chromosome pairing was observed, suggesting that the A and C homeologs have retained sufficient homology to form syndetic structures in the absence of true homologous chromosome pairs ( A ttia and Rö bbelen 1986a ). (genetics.org)
  • Frédérique E, Letanneur J, Anne-Marie C (1997) Chromosome number of oilseed rape ( Brassica napus )-wild radish ( Raphanus raphanistrum ) spontaneous hybrids and of their progeny estimated by flow cytometry. (springer.com)
  • An S receptor kinase gene in self-compatible Brassica napus has a 1-bp deletion. (plantcell.org)
  • These results suggest that a functional SRK gene is required for Brassica self-incompatibility. (plantcell.org)
  • Quantitative real-time PCR was used to determine catalase gene expression levels in both B. napus roots and P. fluorescens . (springer.com)
  • Catalase gene expression in B. napus and P. fluorescens was up-regulated in both organisms when co-cultured in a hydroponic system. (springer.com)
  • Promoter variations in a homeobox gene, BnA10.LMI1, determine lobed leaves in rapeseed ( Brassica napus L. (springer.com)
  • Genomic Changes in Resynthesized Brassica napus and Their Effect on Gene Expression and Phenotype Robert T. Gaeta , J. Chris Pires , Federico Iniguez-Luy , Enrique Leon , and Thomas C. Osborn 2007-11-01 00:00:00 Many previous studies have provided evidence for genome changes in polyploids, but there are little data on the overall population dynamics of genome change and whether it causes phenotypic variability. (deepdyve.com)
  • This gene encodes a putative secreted small peptide and exists as multiple copies in the Brassica genome. (plantcell.org)
  • To reduce chlorophyll synthesis, we have used a cDNA clone of Brassica napus encoding glutamate 1-semialdehyde aminotransferase (GSA-AT) to make an antisense construct for gene manipulation. (deepdyve.com)
  • Antisense glutamate 1-semialdehyde aminotransferase gene (Gsa) expression, directed by a Brassica napin promoter, was targeted specifically to the embryo of the developing seed. (deepdyve.com)
  • Mapping and cloning of FAD2 gene to develop allele-specific PCR for oleic acid in spring turnip rape (Brassica rapa ssp. (deepdyve.com)
  • To fine map and clone the B-efficient gene (s), the development of B-efficient NILs in Brassica napus was conducted, combining the identification of B efficiency at seedling stage with genetic background selection using random AFLP markers. (deepdyve.com)
  • Phylogenetic analysis indicated seven subgroups containing 29 orthologous gene sets and two Brassica -specific gene sets. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This analysis provides a deeper understanding of diversification of the Aux/IAA gene family and will facilitate further dissection of Aux/IAA gene function in B. napus . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Fine-mapping and transcriptome analysis of a candidate gene controlling plant height in Brassica napus L. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our work compares the fitness components of parents and different types of backcross in the sixth generation of hybrids between transgenic oilseed rape ( Brassica napus , AACC, 2 n = 38) resistant to the herbicide glufosinate and wild radish ( Raphanus raphanistrum, RrRr, 2 n = 18). (wiley.com)
  • Oilseed rape (Brassica napus, AACC) frequently hybridises with wild Brassica rapa (AA, as paternal parent) and yields B. rapa-like introgressed individuals after only two generations. (aber.ac.uk)
  • Rapeseed ( Brassica napus , AACC, 2 n = 38) is not only an important oilseed crop worldwide, but also an emerging biofuel crop. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our results thus provide valuable information for understanding the genetic control of seed oil content in B. napus and may facilitate marker-based breeding for a higher seed oil content in this important oil crop. (springer.com)
  • E. J. J. Momoh and W. Zhou, "Growth and yield responses to plant density and stage of transplanting in winter oilseed rape ( Brassica napus L.)," Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science , vol. 186, no. 4, pp. 253-259, 2001. (hindawi.com)
  • M. S. S. Rao, N. J. Mendham, and G. C. Buzza, "Effect of the apetalous flower character on radiation distribution in the crop canopy, yield and its components in oilseed rape ( Brassica napus )," The Journal of Agricultural Science , vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 189-196, 1991. (hindawi.com)
  • Rapeseed ( Brassica napus L.) is a major oil crop accounting for more than 60 million tons of seed and more than 20 million tons of extracted oil worldwide ( http://www.worldoil.com/ ). (frontiersin.org)
  • In Europe, virulent A1xD1 and avirulent A1xD3 hybrids were isolated from the oilseed crop Brassica napus . (springer.com)
  • Oilseed rape ( Brassica napus ) is an economically important oil crop, yet the genetic architecture of its complex traits remain largely unknown. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here, we report the identification of the miRNA repertoire of the economically important oil crop oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and those involved in interacting with its most devastating necrotrophic pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. (deepdyve.com)
  • This study provided a first insight for exploring ACBPs in B. napus , which supplies a valuable tool for crop improvement in agriculture. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1997), making it a poor choice for general cultivation as an oilseed crop in comparison to the closely related Brassica napus (Rapeseed). (wikipedia.org)
  • Thionin is also a minor protein found in mustard (Brassica napus L.) seeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Brassica napus (Oil seed rape) and Sinapis alba (White mustard) inhibitors, inhibit the catalytic activity of bovine beta-trypsin and bovine alpha-chymotrypsin, which belong to MEROPS peptidase family S1 (InterPro: IPR001254). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some authors consider the mustard white and West Virginia white of North America to be conspecific with P. napi or consider P. napi to be a superspecies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite this, the American butterflies, unlike P. napi, cannot successfully use garlic mustard as a host plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing seed oil content is one of the most important goals in the breeding of oilseed crops including Brassica napus , yet the genetic basis for variations in this important trait remains unclear. (springer.com)
  • W. Diepenbrock, "Yield analysis of winter oilseed rape ( Brassica napus L.): a review," Field Crops Research , vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 35-49, 2000. (hindawi.com)
  • Though genotype-dependent tissue culture methods are widely used in the Brassica crops, seed-based in vivo doubled haploid developing systems are rare in nature and in the laboratory. (springer.com)
  • Collectively, our results indicate that BnA10.LMI1 positively regulates the development of leaf lobes in B. napus , with cis-regulatory divergences causing the different allelic effects, providing new insights into the molecular mechanism of leaf lobe formation in Brassica crops. (springer.com)
  • Leptosphaeria maculans (anamorph Phoma lingam) is a fungal pathogen of the phylum Ascomycota that is the causal agent of blackleg disease on Brassica crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically race specific Rlm genes are used for resistance (Rlm1-Rlm9) in Brassica napus crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Web Service available online at http://www.faunaeur.org Free, J. B. and Williams, I. H. (1979) The distribution of insect pests on crops of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and the damage they cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microtubular and actin-filament configurations during microspore and pollen development in Brassica napus L. cv. (wur.nl)
  • Crosses between B. napus as female and Brassica allooctaploid as pollen donor were conducted, which yielded maternal doubled haploid B. napus that were identified based on phenotype, ploidy, and molecular analysis. (springer.com)
  • Overall, the results provide new insights into the transcriptional profile of rarely studied ovules, the transcript changes during pollen development, transcriptional regulation of pollen tube growth and germination, and describe the parallels in the transcript populations of microspore and ovules which could have implications for understanding the molecular foundation of microspore totipotency in B. napus. (deepdyve.com)
  • The first isolated brassinosteroid, it was discovered when it was shown that pollen from rapeseed (Brassica napus) could promote stem elongation and cell division. (wikipedia.org)
  • reported promotion in stem elongation and cell division by the treatment of organic extracts of rapeseed (Brassica napus) pollen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brassinolide was the first isolated brassinosteroid in 1979, when pollen from Brassica napus was shown to promote stem elongation and cell divisions, and the biologically active molecule was isolated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The yield of brassinosteroids from 230 kg of Brassica napus pollen was only 10 mg. (wikipedia.org)
  • On October 29 of 2012, the first flight of a jet aircraft powered with 100 percent biofuel, made from Brassica carinata, was completed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Light restriction delays leaf senescence in winter oilseed rape ( Brassica napus L.)," Journal of Plant Growth Regulation , vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 506-518, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • Leaf Senescence, Root Morphology, and Seed Yield of Winter Oilseed Rape ( Brassica napus L.) at Varying Plant Densities," BioMed Research International , vol. 2017, Article ID 8581072, 16 pages, 2017. (hindawi.com)
  • Very few studies have investigated interactions at the plant surface and cellular levels for infection of Brassica napus by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum . (botany.one)
  • In this study, multiple plant hormone quantification and expression analysis of marker genes of the signaling pathways was used to gain a complete view of the interaction of B. napus with S. sclerotiorum. (cas.cz)
  • Brassica elongata is a perennial plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • mays) - Zea (plant) (Zea diploperennis) Note: Many different vegetables share one common ancestor, particularly in the Brassica family and plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its rhizoctonian anamorph infects the roots of carrot (Daucus carota), parsnip (Pastinaca sativa), swede (Brassica napus ssp rapifera), turnip (Brassica rapa), celery (Apium graveolens), asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), beetroot (Beta vulgaris), potato (Solanum tuberosum) and sea kale (Crambe maritima). (wikipedia.org)
  • We have investigated the involvement and potential role of apoptosis during the formation of leaf lesions by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans on susceptible Brassica napus cv. (apsnet.org)
  • In September 2010, leaves of oilseed rape ( Brassica napus L.) with v-shaped, necrotic lesions on the leaf margins surrounded by yellow halos were collected. (apsnet.org)
  • cDNA clones representing genes that are expressed during leaf senescence in Brassica napus were identified by differential screening of a cDNA library made from RNA isolated from leaves at different stages of senescence. (plantphysiol.org)
  • BnA10.LMI1 positively regulates the development of leaf lobes in Brassica napus , and cis-regulatory divergences cause the different allele effects. (springer.com)
  • Leaf shape is an important agronomic trait, and large variations in this trait exist within the Brassica germplasm. (springer.com)
  • The lobed leaf is a unique morphological characteristic for Brassica improvement. (springer.com)
  • Nevertheless, the molecular basis of leaf lobing in Brassica is poorly understood. (springer.com)
  • Biomass-Based Leaf Curvilinear Model for Rapeseed (Brassica napus L. (springerprofessional.de)
  • Leaf is one of the most important photosynthetic organs of rapeseed ( Brassica napus L.). To quantify relationships between the leaf curve and the corresponding leaf biomass for rapeseed on main stem, this paper presents a biomass-based leaf curvilinear model for rapeseed. (springerprofessional.de)
  • Researches of optimum leaf area index dynamic models for rape ( Brassica napus L.). In: Zhao, C., Li, D. (eds. (springerprofessional.de)
  • The Brassica napus receptor-like protein RLM2 is encoded by a second allele of the LepR3/Rlm2 blackleg resistance locus. (gc.ca)
  • Resistance to blackleg disease of Brassica spp. (gc.ca)
  • Howlett has published numerous scholarly works and edited two books: Evolution of Virulence in Eukaryotic Microbes (2012) Sustainable strategies for managing Brassica napus (oilseed rape) resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) (2006) Howlett, Barbara (2013). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sustainable strategies for managing Brassica napus (oilseed rape) resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker). (wikipedia.org)
  • When applied to the B. napus cultivar Stellar, we detected one chromosomal rearrangement relative to the parental karyotypes. (genetics.org)
  • A method of forming Brassica napus hybrid seeds and progeny thereof. (google.com)
  • The seeds of Brassica napus and use of the combined markers PGIol, PGIunt, PGIint, BolJon and CP418 for characterising. (google.com)
  • napus 'Target type' has dark green leaves, mostly self-pollinated, height 1.3 2 m tall, seed very dark brown to black when mature, 130,000 seeds/lb., maturing in December in Western Australia, requiring 192 204 days to maturity. (purdue.edu)
  • In addition, phoma stem canker can also be spread by infected seeds when the fungus infects the seed pods of Brassica napus during the growing season, but this is far less frequent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic maps of Brassica napus were constructed from four segregating populations of doubled haploid lines. (genetics.org)
  • Although rapeseed ( Brassica napus L.) is known to be affected by waterlogging, the genetic basis of waterlogging tolerance by rapeseed is largely unknown. (mdpi.com)
  • The results obtained in this study constitute a valuable resource for worldwide breeding efforts and the genetic dissection and prediction of complex B. napus traits. (osti.gov)
  • In the single backcross progeny where a large enough population (92 plants) was obtained for analysis, 33 B. napus specific RAPD markers were investigated to determine the extent of transfer of oilseed rape genetic material into this population. (springer.com)
  • Our research provides a new insight for generation of homozygous lines in vivo using a single-step approach, as well as promotes the understanding in breeding programs and genetic studies involving the Brassicas . (springer.com)
  • In Brassica spp, SI is controlled sporophytically by a single Mendelian genetic locus, the S locus ( Bateman, 1955 ). (plantcell.org)
  • These analyses indicate de novo homoeologous recombination is a continuous source of variation in established Brassica napus and the rate of observed events appears to vary with genetic background. (g3journal.org)
  • However, the genetic mechanism of PH in B. napus is poorly understood. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study provides a new genetic resource for semi-dwarf breeding and new insights into understanding the genetic architecture of PH in B. napus . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here, we confirmed that the very first meiosis of resynthesized plants of B. napus acts as a genome blender, with many of the meiotic-driven genetic changes transmitted to the progenies, in proportions that depend significantly on the cytoplasm background inherited from the progenitors. (edu.au)
  • Mechanical Harvesting Effects on Seed Yield Loss, Quality Traits and Profitability of Winter Oilseed Rape ( Brassica napus L.)," Journal of Integrative Agriculture , vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1297-1304, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • N. J. Mendham, P. A. Shipway, and R. K. Scottt, "The effects of delayed sowing and weather on growth, development and yield of winter oil-seed rape ( Brassica napus )," The Journal of Agricultural Science , vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 389-416, 1981. (hindawi.com)
  • The seasonal course of nitrogen uptake, incorporation and remobilization in different shoot components of winter oilseed rape ( Brassica napus L.) was studied under field conditions including three rates of 15 N labelled nitrogen application (0, 100 or 200 kg N ha -1 ) and two irrigation treatments (rainfed or watered at a deficit of 20 mm). (springer.com)
  • Jørgensen RB, Andersen B, Landbo L, Mikkelsen TR (1995) Spontaneous hybridisation between oilseed rape ( Brassica napus ) and weedy relatives. (springer.com)
  • Analysis of a dehiscence zone endo-polygalacturonase in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and. (deepdyve.com)
  • Borkhardt, Bernhard 2004-10-03 00:00:00 The oilseed rape (Brassica napus) endo-polygalacturonase (endo-PG) RDPG1 is involved in middle lamella breakdown during silique opening. (deepdyve.com)
  • Inheritance of high oleic acid mutations in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L. (deepdyve.com)
  • in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of Agricultural Science, UK 92: 139-149 Williams, I. H. (1976), The infestation of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) by the pests Meligethes aeneus Fab. (wikipedia.org)
  • napobrassica), Swedish turnip (treated as B. napus Napobrassica group), and winter rape Brassica napus grows to 100 cm (39 in) high with lower leaves pinnatifid and glaucous and the upper leaves clasping the stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genomic Prediction of Genotypic Effects with Epistasis and Environment Interactions for Yield-Related Traits of Rapeseed (Brassica napus L. (frontiersin.org)
  • Unconfined release into the environment of MS1, RF1, MS1xRF1, and other B. napus lines derived from them, but without the introduction of any other novel traits, is therefore considered safe. (agr.ca)
  • The aim of this work was to study the effect of Fe deficiency on the protein profile of phloem sap exudates from Brassica napus using 2DE (IEF-SDS-PAGE). (csic.es)
  • By genome-wide association study of seed oil content using 521 B. napus accessions genotyped with the Brassica 60K SNP array, we identified 50 loci significantly associated with seed oil content using three statistical models, the general linear model, the mixed linear model and the Anderson-Darling test. (springer.com)
  • Candidate loci, genes and favorable alleles identified here may prove useful in marker-assisted selection strategies to improve fertilizer use efficiency in B. napus . (frontiersin.org)
  • One major QTL, BE1, and three minor loci controlling B efficiency in Brassica napus were previously detected. (deepdyve.com)
  • Zhang, X. The Transcriptome of Brassica napus L. Roots under Waterlogging at the Seedling Stage. (mdpi.com)
  • Zou X, Tan X, Hu C, Zeng L, Lu G, Fu G, Cheng Y, Zhang X. The Transcriptome of Brassica napus L. Roots under Waterlogging at the Seedling Stage. (mdpi.com)
  • A Brassica napus cDNA (BnRAN1) encoding a putative Cu(2+)-ATPase was cloned in this study. (nih.gov)
  • The I3 cDNA isolated from a library made from 2-4 mm (immature) anthers of Brassica napus shows microspore-specific expression. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • These analyses identified reciprocal allele gain and loss between the A and C genomes and allowed visualization of de novo homoeologous recombination events across the B. napus genome. (g3journal.org)
  • Polyploidy promotes the restructuring of merged genomes within initial generations of resynthesized Brassica napus, possibly caused by homoeologous recombination at meiosis. (edu.au)
  • The combination between VTA2 signature and rDNA type identification represents an attractive diagnostic tool to discriminate allodiploid from haploid Verticillia and to distinguish between A1xD1 and A1xD3 hybrids which differ in their virulence towards B. napus . (springer.com)
  • This study was to carry out the work of two aspects: first screening, the establishment of SSR core primers suitable for Brassica napus , on this basis, the use of two randomly selected hybrids through its purity identification to verify that the establishment of rape core SSR accurate sex. (dissertationtopic.net)
  • Geng X, Chen S, Astarini I et al (2013) Doubled haploids of novel trigenomic Brassica derived from various interspecific crosses. (springer.com)
  • This A10 allele did not segregate with self-incompatibility in crosses involving other self-incompatible B. napus lines. (plantcell.org)
  • S locus glycoprotein (SLG) and S locus receptor kinase (SRK) cDNAs were isolated from an S allele present in a number of self-compatible Brassica napus lines. (plantcell.org)
  • In this study, the LepR3 locus of the Rlm2 Brassica napus line 'Glacier DH24287' was cloned, and B. napus transformants were analysed for recovery of the Rlm2 phenotype. (gc.ca)
  • The green-veined white (Pieris napi) is a butterfly of the family Pieridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pieris rapae, the small white butterfly, and Pieris napi, the green veined white butterfly are significant consumers of charlock during their larval stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brassica napus and B. napobrassica are called swedes (a shortening of Swedish turnip) in England, especially in the South, and in most dialects of the Commonwealth. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, we explored the function of β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) in enhancing salt stress tolerance in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). After pretreatment with BABA, seedlings were exposed to NaCl (100 mM and 150 mM) for 2 days. (preprints.org)
  • Rapeseed ( Brassica napus L.) is grown in different geographical regions of the world. (frontiersin.org)
  • Li Q, Shao J, Tang S, Shen Q, Wang T, Chen W and Hong Y (2016) Corrigendum: Wrinkled1 Accelerates Flowering and Regulates Lipid Homeostasis between Oil Accumulation and Membrane Lipid Anabolism in Brassica napus . (frontiersin.org)
  • BNCBF transcript accumulation was similar in both spring and winter Brassica but the persistence of the transcripts in the cold were generally shorter in the spring than in the winter type. (deepdyve.com)