A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.
A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.
Any of several BRASSICA species that are commonly called mustard. Brassica alba is white mustard, B. juncea is brown or Chinese mustard, and B. nigra is black, brown, or red mustard. The plant is grown both for mustard seed from which oil is extracted or used as SPICES, and for its greens used as VEGETABLES or ANIMAL FEED. There is no relationship to MUSTARD COMPOUNDS.
A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavored leaves, due to gluconapin (GLUCOSINOLATES) and its hydrolysis product butenylisotrhiocyanate. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. Flowers have 4 petals. Podlike fruits contain a number of seeds. Cress is a general term used for many in the Brassicacea family. Rockcress is usually ARABIS; Bittercress is usually CARDAMINE; Yellowcress is usually RORIPPA; Pennycress is usually THLASPI; Watercress refers to NASTURTIUM; or RORIPPA or TROPAEOLUM; Gardencress refers to LEPIDIUM; Indiancress refers to TROPAEOLUM.
Substituted thioglucosides. They are found in rapeseed (Brassica campestris) products and related cruciferae. They are metabolized to a variety of toxic products which are most likely the cause of hepatocytic necrosis in animals and humans.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE known for its peppery red root.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
A major class of water-soluble seed storage proteins. Many proteins from this class are major PLANT ALLERGENS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
cis-13-Docosenoic Acids. 22-Carbon monounsaturated, monocarboxylic acids.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE. The common name of white mustard sometimes refers to other plants (MUSTARD PLANT).
Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
Diseases of plants.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
One of many different processes which occur in ANGIOSPERMS by which genetic diversity is maintained while INBREEDING is prevented.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains antifungal plant defensin.
A plant genus of the family Musaceae, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida.
Proteins encoded by the CHLOROPLAST GENOME or proteins encoded by the nuclear genome that are imported to and resident in the CHOROPLASTS.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mainly trees and shrubs. Many members contain mucilage and COUMARINS.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.

The CLAVATA1 receptor-like kinase requires CLAVATA3 for its assembly into a signaling complex that includes KAPP and a Rho-related protein. (1/1068)

The CLAVATA1 (CLV1) and CLAVATA3 (CLV3) genes are required to maintain the balance between cell proliferation and organ formation at the Arabidopsis shoot and flower meristems. CLV1 encodes a receptor-like protein kinase. We have found that CLV1 is present in two protein complexes in vivo. One is approximately 185 kD, and the other is approximately 450 kD. In each complex, CLV1 is part of a disulfide-linked multimer of approximately 185 kD. The 450-kD complex contains the protein phosphatase KAPP, which is a negative regulator of CLV1 signaling, and a Rho GTPase-related protein. In clv1 and clv3 mutants, CLV1 is found primarily in the 185-kD complex. We propose that CLV1 is present as an inactive disulfide-linked heterodimer and that CLV3 functions to promote the assembly of the active 450-kD complex, which then relays signal transduction through a Rho GTPase.  (+info)

Q-Band resonance Raman investigation of turnip cytochrome f and Rhodobacter capsulatus cytochrome c1. (2/1068)

The results of a comprehensive Q-band resonance Raman investigation of cytochrome c1 and cytochrome f subunits of bc1 and b6f complexes are presented. Q-band excitation provides a particularly effective probe of the local heme environments of these species. The effects of protein conformation (particularly axial ligation) on heme structure and function were further investigated by comparison of spectra obtained from native subunits to those of a site directed c1 mutant (M183L) and various pH-dependent species of horse heart cytochrome c. In general, all species examined displayed variability in their axial amino acid ligation that suggests a good deal of flexibility in their hemepocket conformations. Surprisingly, the large scale protein rearrangements that accompany axial ligand replacement have little or no effect on macrocycle geometry in these species. This indicates the identity and/or conformation of the peptide linkage between the two cysteines that are covalently linked to the heme periphery may determine heme geometry.  (+info)

Molecular cloning and functional expression of a phospholipase D from cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata). (3/1068)

We cloned and expressed a full-length cDNA encoding a phospholipase D of type alpha (PLDalpha) from cabbage. Analysis of the cDNA predicted an 812-amino-acid protein of 92.0 kDa. The deduced amino acid sequence of cabbage PLD has 83% and 80% identity with Arabidopsis PLDalpha and castor bean PLD, respectively. Expression of this cDNA clone in E. coli shows a functional PLD activity similar to that of the natural PLD.  (+info)

Characterization of low-molecular-mass trypsin isoinhibitors from oil-rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera) seed. (4/1068)

A new low-molecular-mass (6767.8 Da) serine proteinase isoinhibitor has been isolated from oil-rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera) seed, designated 5-oxoPro1-Gly62-RTI-III. The 5-oxoPro1-Gly62-RTI-III isoinhibitor is longer than the Asp2-Pro61-RTI-III and the Ser3-Pro61-RTI-III forms, all the other amino acid residues being identical. In RTI-III isoinhibitors, the P1-P1' reactive site bond (where residues forming the reactive site have been identified as PnellipsisP1 and P1'ellipsisPn', where P1-P1' is the inhibitor scissile bond) has been identified at position Arg21-Ile22. The inhibitor disulphide bridges pattern has been determined as Cys5-Cys27, Cys18-Cys31, Cys42-Cys52 and Cys54-Cys57. The disulphide bridge arrangement observed in the RTI-III isoinhibitors is reminiscent of that found in a number of toxins (e.g. erabutoxin b). Moreover, the organization of the three disulphide bridges subset Cys5-Cys27, Cys18-Cys31 and Cys42-Cys52 is reminiscent of that found in epidermal growth factor domains. Preliminary 1H-NMR data indicates the presence of alphaalphaNOEs and 3JalphaNH coupling constants, typical of the beta-structure(s). These data suggest that the three-dimensional structure of the RTI-III isoinhibitors may be reminiscent of that of toxins and epidermal growth factor domains, consisting of three-finger shaped loops extending from the crossover region. Values of the apparent association equilibrium constant for RTI-III isoinhibitors binding to bovine beta-trypsin and bovine alpha-chymotrypsin are 3.3 x 109 m-1 and 2.4 x 106 m-1, respectively, at pH 8.0 and 21.0 degrees C. The serine proteinase : inhibitor complex formation is a pH-dependent entropy-driven process. RTI-III isoinhibitors do not show any similarity to other serine proteinase inhibitors except the low molecular mass white mustard trypsin isoinhibitor, isolated from Sinapis alba L. seed (MTI-2). Therefore, RTI-III and MTI-2 isoinhibitors could be members of a new class of plant serine proteinase inhibitors.  (+info)

The retention and distribution by healthy young men of stable isotopes of selenium consumed as selenite, selenate or hydroponically-grown broccoli are dependent on the isotopic form. (5/1068)

Twenty-seven healthy young men were randomly assigned to diets that supplied low (32.6 microg/d) or high (226.5 microg/d) levels of selenium for a 105-d study. After consuming the diets for 85 d, subjects were fed a test meal that contained 74Se in the form of selenite or selenate and 82Se incorporated into hydroponically-raised broccoli. Urine, fecal and blood samples were collected daily. Isotope absorption was not different (P > 0.05) for selenate and Se in broccoli; Se absorption from selenite was highly variable and was not included in statistical analyses. Significantly more isotope was absorbed by subjects fed the high Se diet (P = 0. 015). Urinary isotope excretion was greater when selenate was fed than when broccoli was fed (P = 0.0001), and consequently more Se from broccoli (as compared to selenate) was retained (59.2 +/- 2.4 and 36.4 +/- 4.6% for Se in broccoli and selenate, respectively; P = 0.0001). Despite the higher retention, less isotope from broccoli than from selenate was present in the plasma. Plasma proteins separated by gel permeation chromatography showed that most of the isotopes were distributed between two medium molecular weight peaks. Less isotope was found in plasma proteins of subjects fed the high Se diet, but the form of Se had no effect on isotope distribution. These results show that dietary Se intake alters the retention of stable isotopes of Se and that humans retain and distribute Se from broccoli in a different manner than Se from inorganic salts.  (+info)

Polyisoprenyl phosphate (PIPP) signaling regulates phospholipase D activity: a 'stop' signaling switch for aspirin-triggered lipoxin A4. (6/1068)

It is of wide interest to understand how opposing extracellular signals (positive or negative) are translated into intracellular signaling events. Receptor-ligand interactions initiate the generation of bioactive lipids by human neutrophils (PMN), which serve as signals to orchestrate cellular responses important in host defense and inflammation. We recently identified a novel polyisoprenyl phosphate (PIPP) signaling pathway and found that one of its components, presqualene diphosphate (PSDP), is a potent negative intracellular signal in PMN that regulates superoxide anion generation by several stimuli, including phosphatidic acid. We determined intracellular PIPP signaling by autocoids with opposing actions on PMN: leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a potent chemoattractant, and lipoxin A4 (LXA4), a 'stop signal' for recruitment. LTB4 receptor activation initiated a rapid decrease in PSDP levels concurrent with activation of PLD and cellular responses. In sharp contrast, activation of the LXA4 receptor reversed LTB4-initiated PSDP remodeling, leading to an accumulation of PSDP and potent inhibition of both PLD and superoxide anion generation. Thus, an inverse relationship was established for PSDP levels and PLD activity with two PMN ligands that evoke opposing responses. In addition, PSDP directly inhibited both isolated human recombinant (Ki = 6 nM) and plant (Ki = 20 nM) PLD. Together, these findings link PIPP remodeling to intracellular regulation of PMN function and suggest a role for PIPPs as lipid repressors in signal transduction, a novel mechanism that may also explain aspirin's suppressive actions in vivo in cell signaling.  (+info)

Recombination and selection at Brassica self-incompatibility loci. (7/1068)

In Brassica species, self-incompatibility is controlled genetically by haplotypes involving two known genes, SLG and SRK, and possibly an as yet unknown gene controlling pollen incompatibility types. Alleles at the incompatibility loci are maintained by frequency-dependent selection, and diversity at SLG and SRK appears to be very ancient, with high diversity at silent and replacement sites, particularly in certain "hypervariable" portions of the genes. It is important to test whether recombination occurs in these genes before inferences about function of different parts of the genes can be made from patterns of diversity within their sequences. In addition, it has been suggested that, to maintain the relationship between alleles within a given S-haplotype, recombination is suppressed in the S-locus region. The high diversity makes many population genetic measures of recombination inapplicable. We have analyzed linkage disequilibrium within the SLG gene of two Brassica species, using published coding sequences. The results suggest that intragenic recombination has occurred in the evolutionary history of these alleles. This is supported by patterns of synonymous nucleotide diversity within both the SLG and SRK genes, and between domains of the SRK gene. Finally, clusters of linkage disequilibrium within the SLG gene suggest that hypervariable regions are under balancing selection, and are not merely regions of relaxed selective constraint.  (+info)

RNA polymerase I transcription in a Brassica interspecific hybrid and its progenitors: Tests of transcription factor involvement in nucleolar dominance. (8/1068)

In interspecific hybrids or allopolyploids, often one parental set of ribosomal RNA genes is transcribed and the other is silent, an epigenetic phenomenon known as nucleolar dominance. Silencing is enforced by cytosine methylation and histone deacetylation, but the initial discrimination mechanism is unknown. One hypothesis is that a species-specific transcription factor is inactivated, thereby silencing one set of rRNA genes. Another is that dominant rRNA genes have higher binding affinities for limiting transcription factors. A third suggests that selective methylation of underdominant rRNA genes blocks transcription factor binding. We tested these hypotheses using Brassica napus (canola), an allotetraploid derived from B. rapa and B. oleracea in which only B. rapa rRNA genes are transcribed. B. oleracea and B. rapa rRNA genes were active when transfected into protoplasts of the other species, which argues against the species-specific transcription factor model. B. oleracea and B. rapa rRNA genes also competed equally for the pol I transcription machinery in vitro and in vivo. Cytosine methylation had no effect on rRNA gene transcription in vitro, which suggests that transcription factor binding was unimpaired. These data are inconsistent with the prevailing models and point to discrimination mechanisms that are likely to act at a chromosomal level.  (+info)

TY - BOOK. T1 - Factors affecting the incidence of internal deviations in Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea L. Var. gemmifera Dc.). AU - Nieuwhof, M.. N1 - Overdr.: Euphytica, 20(1971), 527-535. PY - 1972. Y1 - 1972. KW - brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. KW - spruitjes. KW - brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. KW - brussels sprouts. M3 - Report. T3 - Mededeling / I.V.T.. BT - Factors affecting the incidence of internal deviations in Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea L. Var. gemmifera Dc.). CY - Wageningen. ER - ...
In a field experiment in 1985/86 at the Kabele Field Station (alt. 1940 m a.s.l) B. oleracea var. acephala cultivars Thousand Headed (kale) and Georgia (collard) received 0, 47, 94 or 188 kg N/ha. Petiole and, more particularly, lamina thiocyanate concentrations decreased as N application rate increased. Petiole and lamina thiocyanate concentrations were 120 and 127% greater, respectively, in the kale than in the collard ...
INTRODUCTION The cabbage (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata) is an herbaceous and leafy plant which belongs to the Brassicaceae family, native to coastal southern and Western Europe. It presents a high versatility, not only due to its nutritive value, being rich in calcium, protein and vitamin C, but also due to its social character, due to the fact of being cultivated essentially by small-scale farmers(12, 28, 29). Brassica sp. is reported to have been utilized for over one thousand years in the healing process of abscesses, idiopathic cephalgias, internal ulcers; the Romans utilized Brassica sp. in the treatment of injuries(4). Cheney(13) verified that the patients who utilized the fresh cabbage juice obtained a healing action for gastric disorders, particularly for the peptic ulcer, presenting healing effects of the lesion. The chronic administration of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with the development of gastrointestinal adverse effects, such as gastric ...
Lets face it. You either love Brussels sprouts or… you dont. If you love them then this recipe will knock your Brussels-loving socks off. If you dont, maybe you should give them another try…. First of all, lets take a quick peek at the amazing health benefits of these little nutritional powerhouses. Brussels sprouts are a cruciferous veggie, which immediately raises them on the charts of healthy foods. Whats so special about cruciferous vegetables? Why, glucosinolates of course! What in the world is that? Glucosinolates are phytonutrients that are the chemical starting points for a variety of cancer-protective substances. All cruciferous vegetables contain glucosinolates and have great health benefits for this reason. But recent research has revealed just how valuable Brussels sprouts are in this regard.. The cancer protection we get from Brussels sprouts is mostly related to four specific glucosinolates found in this special vegetable: glucoraphanin, glucobrassicin, sinigrin, and ...
Chinese broccoli is a leaf vegetable with thick, flat, leaves and thick stems with flower heads smaller than normal broccoli. Its flavor is stronger than broccoli and slightly more bitter. Gai lan is widely used in Chinese Vietnamese and Thai
To steam Brussels sprouts, place a steamer basket in a saucepan filled with a ½-inch of water (water should not touch the bottom of the steamer basket). Place halved Brussels sprouts in steamer basket. Cover tightly and heat to boiling; reduce heat to low and steam 20 to 25 minutes or until tender. Meanwhile, in a small saucepan combine mayonnaise, milk and cheddar cheese. Over medium heat, cook and stir until heated through and cheese is melted. Add cooking sherry and stir until combined. Pour over steamed Brussels sprouts. Cooks note: Try steamed asparagus, broccoli or cauliflower instead of Brussels sprouts. ...
All values presented in this section are for 100 grams of Brussels sprouts, either raw or cooked (meaning boiled, drained and with added salt). As general observations go, Brussels sprouts are recommended in any diet (they are especially useful when aiming for weight loss) due to their containing extremely low amounts (virtually negligible) of cholesterol and other saturated fats. The sprouts are also an excellent source of dietary fiber, Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Vitamin K while also scoring decent points for their concentration of Potassium, Manganese, and Folate. Raw Brussels sprouts have an ideal caloric ratio - as three-quarters are represented by carbohydrates, 6 percent by fat and 19 percent is protein. The situation changes somewhat in the case of the cooked variety as the amount of fat doubles at the expense of both protein and carbs. In both cases, 100 grams of Brussels sprouts account for about 3 percent of the sugars needed to lead a healthy life, which is a first-class glycemic ...
Ingredients (Per Scoop): Organic Raw Protein & Greens Blend 26.4g [Organic Pea Protein (Pisum sativum seed, 80% protein, 24.5g), Organic Spinach (Spinacia oleracea leaf, 895.5mg), Organic Sprouted Brown Rice Protein (Oryza sativa seed, 80% protein, 500mg), Organic Chia (Salvia hispanica seed, 30% chia protein, 200mg), Organic Alfalfa Juice (Medicago sativa herb top, 100mg), Organic Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica herb top, 79mg), Organic Sprout Blend 99mg [Organic Navy Bean Sprout (Phaseolus vulgaris, 33mg), Organic Lentil Sprout (Lens culinaris, 33mg), Organic Garbanzo Sprout (Cicer arietinum, 33mg)], Organic Carrot (Daucus carota root, 11mg), Organic Beet (Beta vulgaris root, 10mg), Organic Kale (Brassica oleracea var. viridis leaf, 4.5mg)] Raw Probiotic & Enzyme Blend: Lipase (Aspergillus niger, 1.45 FCC LU), Protease (Aspergillus flavus var. oryzae, 159 FCC HUT), Aspergillus acid protease (Aspergillus niger, 0.857 FCC SAPU), beta-Glucanase (Trichoderma longibrachiatum, 0.190 FCC ...
Background and Objectives: Diazinon is one of the organophosphorus poisons that is widely used as insecticide and causes male infertility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of broccoli hydroalcholic extract on the changes of the cells of testicular tissue and the control of oxidative stress by ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
An open polinated variety with a classic flavour. By harvesting the lower sprouts first you can enjoy a steady supply without them all maturing at the same time. Produce dark green with medium size that suitable for market o
Benefits Of Brussels sprouts. Brussels sprouts belong to the Brassica family of plants and are a vegetable that bears similarity to a mini-cabbage. This mini cabbage has a diameter of about one inch and grow in bunches. Each bunch contains about 20 to 40 Brussels on the stem and the height of the plant is approximately two to three feet. When cooked perfectly Brussels sprouts have a dense, crisp texture, are bright green color and have a slightly sweet taste. They are usually added in the preparation of cold salads and also make an excellent side dish. Brussel sprouts are an extremely nourishing food and have numerous benefits to our health:. 1.Rich source of vitamin C ...
Luckily, I had toted home my stalk-full of brussels sprouts, and was ready to play. Now to be honest, I love roasted brussels sprouts like crazy. It was hard to hold myself back. But you probably already have a few recipes for those, like this one, where I tossed halved brussels sprouts with shallots and maple, and roasted to a golden browned but tender nirvana.. Nope, I wanted to get a salad going that really played up the nutty, sweet flavor of the sprouts. Looking in the fridge, I saw that bottle of fabulous pumpkinseed oil, and the die was cast. Shredded brussels with pumpkinseed oil and toasted pumpkinseeds would be a perfect way to celebrate the intense freshness of these little buds. So, I impatiently lopped off the sprouts and composted the woody stalk.. After that, I felt lazy, so I did all the work with a food processor. Yep, I love my food processor for making sturdy veggies into slaws and salads. Dropping the sprouts thru the feed tube took hardly any time.. Good thing, because I had ...
S locus glycoprotein (SLG) and S locus receptor kinase (SRK) cDNAs were isolated from an S allele present in a number of self-compatible Brassica napus lines. This A10 allele did not segregate with self-incompatibility in crosses involving other self-incompatible B. napus lines. The SLG-A10 cDNA was found to contain an intact open reading frame and was predicted to encode an SLG protein with sequence similarities to those previously associated with phenotypically strong self-incompatibility reactions. SLG-A10 transcripts were detected in the developing stigma at steady state levels even higher than those detected for SLG alleles linked with self-incompatibility. Analysis of the corresponding SRK-A10 cDNA showed that it was very similar to other S locus receptor kinase genes and was expressed predominantly in the stigma. However, a 1-bp deletion was detected in the SRK gene toward the 3 end of the SLG homology domain. This deletion would lead to premature termination of translation and the ...
Brussels Sprouts Pests & Diseases. Brussels sprouts are packed with vitamins and nutrients, despite their diminutive size. Resembling tiny heads of cabbage, Brussels sprouts contain nearly 200 percent of the recommended daily allowance of vitamin K and high doses of vitamin C, manganese, fiber and folate. Home ...
(99 days) F-1 hybrid. Steady sales increases have made Gustus our #1 brussels sprouts variety. CRs find from 2009, the coldest summer in forty years. He had never grown such robust brussels sprouts plants before or since. Wise man the late Michael Zuck of Bangor, Maine, judged Gustus as the absolute pinnacle of the brussels sprouts breeders art. The quality of the sprouts is amazing, very dense and sweet. No other sprout compares with GustusI believe with 32 refrigeration they might keep into June. The sprouts are medium-sized, slightly oval, remarkably uniform (perfect for market) and grow large farther up the stalk after the plants get topped. In 2009 they showed not a hint of rot, even after two hurricane rains. A representative sample of 10 weighed a respectable 6 oz. Won our taste test with a smooth texture and no cole-ish aftertaste. Enjoy them with gusto! Tested negative for BR and BL.
For those who dont eat fish or seafood, eating enough omega-3 fatty acids can be a challenge. Plant foods only contain alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), a type of omega-3 fatty acid thats used less effectively in your body than the omega-3 fats from fish and seafood. This is because your body can only convert ALA to the more active forms of omega-3 fatty acids in limited quantities. For this reason, you would need to consume a greater amount of ALA omega-3 fatty acids to meet your daily omega-3 needs, compared to if you were getting your omega-3 fats from fish or seafood. Brussels sprouts are one of the best plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids, with 135 mg of ALA in each half-cup (78-gram) serving of cooked Brussels sprouts. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to reduce blood triglycerides, slow cognitive decline, reduce insulin resistance and decrease inflammation. Including a few servings of Brussels sprouts in your diet each week can help you easily meet your omega-3 fatty acid needs, with a ...
For those who dont eat fish or seafood, eating enough omega-3 fatty acids can be a challenge. Plant foods only contain alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), a type of omega-3 fatty acid thats used less effectively in your body than the omega-3 fats from fish and seafood. This is because your body can only convert ALA to the more active forms of omega-3 fatty acids in limited quantities. For this reason, you would need to consume a greater amount of ALA omega-3 fatty acids to meet your daily omega-3 needs, compared to if you were getting your omega-3 fats from fish or seafood. Brussels sprouts are one of the best plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids, with 135 mg of ALA in each half-cup (78-gram) serving of cooked Brussels sprouts. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to reduce blood triglycerides, slow cognitive decline, reduce insulin resistance and decrease inflammation. Including a few servings of Brussels sprouts in your diet each week can help you easily meet your omega-3 fatty acid needs, with a ...
Drought is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting the productivity of Brassica crops. To understand the role of phytohormones in drought tolerance, we subjected Chinese cabbage (B. rapa ssp. pekinensis), white cabbage (B. oleracea var. capitata), and kale (B. oleracea var. acephala) to drought and examined the stress response on the physiological, biochemical and hormonal levels. The phytohormones abscisic acid (ABA), auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), brassinosteroids (BRs), cytokinins (CKs), jasmonates (JAs), and salicylic acid (SA) were analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Based on the physiological and biochemical markers the Chinese cabbage exhibited the lowest tolerance, followed by the white cabbage, while the kale appeared to be the most tolerant to drought. The drought tolerance of the kale correlated with increased levels of SA, ABA, IAA, CKs iP(R) and cZ(R), and typhasterol (TY), a precursor of active BRs. In contrast, the
1# Immune system. The first important thing cabbage juice does is improve your immune system function by stimulating T cells, which are responsible for a variety of immune responses in the body.. Owing to its ingredient - histidine, cabbage juice also relieves symptoms of allergies.. 2# Anemia. Cabbage juice is packed with large amounts of folic acid, which stimulates the creation of new blood cells in the body.. Thats why drinking raw cabbage juice is highly recommended as a natural treatment of anemia.. 3# Cancer. One of the largest benefits cabbage juice provides is its valuable effects on prevention and treatment of several cancers.. The sulforaphane content in cabbage inhibits carcinogens from attacking healthy cells. Moreover, the isocyanate prevents, stomach, breast, colon and prostate cancers.. Cabbage juice also promotes fast recovery after cancer treatments because it stimulates the self-healing process of the body.. 4# Arthritis. The rich selenium content in cabbage juice effectively ...
By exploiting the resources generated by the Arabidopsis genome project in a targeted comparative mapping study, we constructed high-resolution physical maps of a 510-kb chromosomal region that encompasses the S locus in B. campestris and of a 275-kb homeologous region in Arabidopsis. The value of comparative mapping for traits that are unique to one of the two species being compared has been questioned (Van Deynze et al., 1995). However, in our study, the comparative mapping approach was clearly useful, despite the fact that Arabidopsis lacks a functional SI system.. The close physical and genetic linkage of the ETR1 marker to the Brassica S locus identifies the Brassica homolog of this well-characterized Arabidopsis gene and its map position, and it provides a clear landmark for the genomic location of the S locus. Furthermore, due to the synteny exhibited by the two homeologous regions on a submegabase scale, the comparative study generated several molecular markers for the Brassica S locus ...
Brussels sprouts tend to bring out strong opinions: You either love them or you hate them. If you love them, youre in luck - these tiny cabbages are packed with nutrition. As a bonus, they thrive in colder temperatures, so theyre at their peak when there are few other fresh, local produce options available. If youve always thought you hated them, you just might want to give them another chance. Brussels sprouts are enjoying a moment in the spotlight, which means there are all kinds of new ways to prepare them. These new methods might just be tasty enough to make you forget all about those childhood dinners of overcooked, mushy little brains.. ...
There are 88 calories in 1 cup of Cooked Brussels Sprouts (from Fresh, Fat Added in Cooking). Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Cooked Brussels Sprouts (from Fresh, Fat Added in Cooking) including 1 sprout and 1 oz.
Brussels sprouts are a delicious, simple to prepare, nutrient dense vegetable -- they are my husbands favorite! The trick to making mouth-watering Brussels sprouts is to roast them, not boil or steam them. This brings out their rich, nutty flavor -- no fancy ingredients required. All you need is fat, salt, and pepper and you will have an amazing side dish in about a half hour!
Fresh herbs, onion and bacon sauté alongside Brussels sprouts in this easy vegetable side dish recipe. This savory dish is delicious in the fall and winter months, when Brussels sprouts are in season. If you can find them still attached to the stalk, dont be intimidated--buy them, as theyre likely more fresh. Recipe adapted from The Art of Simple Food by Alice Waters.
Ive never understood why brussels sprouts have such a bad reputation. Smothered in butter and sprinkled with salt, they have always been one of my favorites. Lately Ive switched to olive oil and still love them. Given their long list of amazing health benefits, brussels sprouts are vegetables that should be added to everyones grocery…
Easy, delicious and healthy Brussels Sprouts With Yellow Squash & Bacon recipe from SparkRecipes. See our top-rated recipes for Brussels Sprouts With Yellow Squash & Bacon.
Comprehensive nutrition resource for Brussels Sprouts. Learn about the number of calories and nutritional and diet information for Brussels Sprouts. This is part of our comprehensive database of 40,000 foods including foods from hundreds of popular restaurants and thousands of brands.
Calories in Green Giant Steams In Bag Brussels Sprouts. Find nutrition facts for Green Giant Steams In Bag Brussels Sprouts and over 2,000,000 other foods in MyFitnessPal.coms food database.
Pimiento vs Brussels sprout - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison. Compare Pimiento to Brussels sprout by vitamins and minerals using the only readable nutrition comparison tool.
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Oven Seared Brussels Sprouts based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Olive Oil, Brussels sprouts, fresh, Salt and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Guava vs Brussels sprout - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison. Compare Guava to Brussels sprout by vitamins and minerals using the only readable nutrition comparison tool.
Waldorf Brussels Sprout Salad is our take on the traditional Waldorf salad with shredded Brussels sprouts, celery, apples, and nuts.
Brussels Sprouts with Vinegar-Glazed Onions recipe: Try this Brussels Sprouts with Vinegar-Glazed Onions recipe, or contribute your own.
A water-soluble Chl a/b-protein (CP673) was isolated and purified from Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC). The protein had a molecular mass of 78 kDa and an isoelectric point of 4.7, consisted of three or four subunits of 22 kDa and was extremely heat-stable. Although CP673 contained about one Chl a per protein, the blue and red absorption bands of Chl a that consisted of three or four Chl a forms with different absorption maxima suggested that there are several different modes or sites of binding for Chl a. Chl a/b ratio of larger than 10 also indicated that Chl b is present only in a small fraction of CP673. The heterogeneity of CP673 in terms of composition and binding of Chl suggests that Chl is not an intrinsic component of the Chl-protein. Homology search showed that the N-terminal amino acid sequence of CP673 is highly homologous with that of a 22 kDa protein that accumulates in water-stressed leaves of two Brassicaceae plants, rapeseed and radish, but not with ...
Green cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata var. alba) and purple cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. rubra), also called red cabbage, taste pretty much the same. The chief difference is that the color of purple cabbage may vary according to how you grow or cook it, and it contains compounds that are thought ...
Resistance of nine cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) cultivars, Big cropper, Cape Spitz, Copenhagen Market, Conquistador, Drumhead, Giant Drumhead, Glory of Enkhuizen, Grandslam and Hercules to cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae) was studied in greenhouse experiments conducted at the Botswana College of Agriculture, Gaborone, Botswana. Cabbage aphids caused 85 % leaf damage on the most susceptible cultivar, Drumhead, and only 30.9 and 44.6 % on the more resistant cultivars, Grandslam and Copenhagen Market, respectively. Drumhead had the lowest number of aphids per leaf, showing the antibiosis mechanism of resistance to B. brassicae and yet it suffered the most severe damage. Although Copenhagen Market was resistant to cabbage aphid damage, it had the greatest abundance of aphids per leaf, showing that it used the tolerance resistance mechanism against cabbage aphids. Conquistador, Glory of Enkhuizen, Grandslam and Hercules, which gave the lowest combined effect of number of aphids multiplied
The leafy kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) is known as valuable source of different minerals. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of two kale genotypes cultivation in three phosphorus deficient soils common for coastal Croatia, on mineral composition of shoots and roots. The study was conducted in a greenhouse located in Split, Croatia during winter 2012. Plants of kale genotypes, cultivar Red Russian and Croatian accession Pula were planted in (3 L) pots filled with three soils: Rhodic cambisol NDASH terra rossa, Rendzic leptosol, and Fluvisol Eutric Calcaric. The design was a randomized complete block with four replications. Shoot and root samples were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma NDASH optical emission spectrometry for Ca, Mg, Mn, Zn, Fe, Cu, and Mo concentrations. In the shoots, concentrations of all minerals were significantly affected by cultivation in different soil. Also, genotypes differed in Ca, Mg, Mn and Zn concentrations, while interactive ...
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) is popular worldwide for consumption as a leafy vegetable. Premature flowering is triggered by low temperature, and deteriorates quality of cabbage as vegetable. In general, growers prefer late-flowering varieties to assure good quality compact head. Here, we report BoFLC1.C9 as a gene with clear sequence variation between cabbage lines with different flowering times, and proposed as molecular marker to characterize early- and late-flowering cabbage lines. We identified sequence variation of 67 bp insertions in intron 2, which were contributed in flowering time variation between two inbred lines through rapid down-regulation of the BoFLC1.C9 gene in early-flowering line compared to late-flowering one upon vernalization. One set of primer F7R7 proposed as marker, of which was explained with 83 and 80% of flowering time variation in 141 F2 individuals and 20 commercial lines, respectively. This F7R7 marker could be used as genetic tools to characterize flowering
Cabbage, Brassica oleracea var. capitata an herbaceous plant of Family Brassicacea, is a widely cultivated vegetable throughout the world as a longstanding dietary supplement.
A brief investigation was made into whether the apparatus developed for characean cells could be applied to higher plants. A seedling of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. bolrytis) was mounted on the apparatus shown in Fig. 6. Upon dropping the glass tubing onto the hypocotyl, a significant change in the electrical potential was induced, the amplitude of which increased with increase in H. (Fig. 10). Thus, this apparatus developed for internodal cells of Characeae is also useful for analysis of electrical responses of higher plants to mechanical stimuli.. ...
ID A0A0D3E3S2_BRAOL Unreviewed; 141 AA. AC A0A0D3E3S2; DT 29-APR-2015, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 29-APR-2015, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 4. DE RecName: Full=V-type proton ATPase subunit a {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; OS Brassica oleracea var. oleracea. OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; OC Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Brassiceae; OC Brassica. OX NCBI_TaxID=109376 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Bo9g028680.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032141}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Bo9g028680.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032141} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RC STRAIN=cv. TO1000 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032141}; RX PubMed=24916971; DOI=10.1186/gb-2014-15-6-r77; RA Parkin I.A., Koh C., Tang H., Robinson S.J., Kagale S., Clarke W.E., RA Town C.D., Nixon J., Krishnakumar V., Bidwell S.L., Denoeud F., RA Belcram H., Links M.G., Just J., Clarke C., ...
ID A0A0D3CJ70_BRAOL Unreviewed; 488 AA. AC A0A0D3CJ70; DT 29-APR-2015, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 29-APR-2015, sequence version 1. DT 22-NOV-2017, entry version 17. DE RecName: Full=Glutamate decarboxylase {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361171}; DE EC=4.1.1.15 {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361171}; GN Name=106293289 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Bo5g122630.1}; OS Brassica oleracea var. oleracea. OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; OC Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Brassiceae; OC Brassica. OX NCBI_TaxID=109376 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Bo5g122630.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032141}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:Bo5g122630.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032141} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RC STRAIN=cv. TO1000 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000032141}; RX PubMed=24916971; DOI=10.1186/gb-2014-15-6-r77; RA Parkin I.A., Koh C., Tang H., Robinson S.J., Kagale S., Clarke W.E., RA Town C.D., ...
Complex proteomic and physiological approaches to study cold and heat stress responses in plant mitochondria are still limited. Variations in the mitochondrial proteome of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) curds after cold and heat and after stress recovery were assayed by 2D PAGE in relation to respiratory parameters. Quantitative analysis of the mitochondrial proteome revealed numerous stress-affected protein spots. In cold alternative oxidase isoforms were extensively upregulated; major downregulations in the level of photorespiratory enzymes, porine isoforms, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and some low-abundant proteins were observed. On the contrary, distinct proteins, including carbohydrate metabolism enzymes, heat-shock proteins, translation, protein import, and OXPHOS components were involved in heat response and recovery. Few metabolic regulations were suggested. Cauliflower plants appeared less susceptible to heat; closed stomata in heat stress resulted in moderate
This section provides useful information about Brassica campestris and research studies to improve our overall understanding of a disorder or a specific Brassica campestris .
High Erucic Acid Rapeseed Oil market is segmented by Type, and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global High Erucic Acid Rapeseed Oil market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful r...
Glucosinolates are Brassicaceae-specific secondary metabolites that act as crop protectants, flavor precursors and cancer-prevention agents, which shows strong evidences of anticarcinogentic, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. MYB28, the R2R3-MYB28 transcription factor, directly activates genes involved in aliphatic glucosinolate biosynthesis. In this study, the MYB28 homology (BoaMYB28) was identified in Chinese kale (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra Bailey). Analysis of the nucleotide sequence indicated that the cDNA of BoaMYB28 was 1257 bp with an ORF of 1020 bp. The deduced BoaMYB28 protein was a polypeptide of 339 amino acid with a putative molecular mass of 38 kDa and a pI of 6.87. Sequence homology and phylogenetic analysis showed that BoaMYB28 was most closely related to MYB28 homologs from the Brassicaceae family. The expression levels of BoaMYB28 varies across the tissues and developmental stages. BoaMYB28 transcript levels were higher in leaves and stems compared with those in
Brassica rapa L. (syn. Brassica campestris L.), commonly known as turnip, turnip rape, fast plants, field mustard, or turnip mustard, is a plant widely cultivated as a leaf vegetable (see mizuna and napa cabbage), a root vegetable (see turnip), and an oilseed (but not normally rapeseed oil, from a different Brassica species).. The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa (termed Polish Canola) but mostly the related species Brassica napus and Brassica juncea.. ...
Synonyms for Brassica nigra in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Brassica nigra. 1 synonym for Brassica nigra: black mustard. What are synonyms for Brassica nigra?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Glucoraphanin level in broccoli seed is largely determined by genotype. AU - Farnham, Mark W.. AU - Stephenson, Katherine K.. AU - Fahey, Jed W.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2005/2. Y1 - 2005/2. N2 - Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L., Italica Group) seed and resulting sprouts can contain high levels of glucoraphanin, a glucosinolate, which can be converted to sulforaphane, a compound with cancer protective and antioxidant properties. This observation has stimulated interest in broccoli seed production. In this study, inbred lines, which produce relatively high yields of homogeneous, selfed-seed across different environments in the absence of insect pollinators, were used to evaluate the relative importance of genotype versus environment as a determinant of glucoraphanin concentration in broccoli seed. Glucoraphanin and glucoiberin were measured in broccoli seed lots generated from ten broccoli inbred lines grown in two greenhouse and two ...
Brassicas are a cold-climate crop, ideally suited to regions with mild summers and moderately cool springs and autumns. Gardeners in regions with hot summers should strive for two crops of brassicas per year: an early spring crop, harvested before the temperatures peak in the summer months, and a late-autumn crop, planted mid-summer for harvest in the fall. With suitable climate conditions and careful scheduling, its even possible to harvest three crops of brassicas in one growing season.. Our early spring transplants get planted the beginning of May, with all varieties of brassica crops seeded or transplanted by mid-May. We have a June 15 frost date, says Jenny Tuckey, co-owner of EverGood Farm in northern Wisconsin, which produces organically grown vegetables. Our salad crops are planted every week; Brussels sprouts once per season; broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage are planted every three weeks; and kohlrabi every two weeks. This allows us to continually harvest our brassica crops from ...
BACKGROUND: Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis) is a member of one of the most important leaf vegetables grown worldwide, which has experienced thousands of years in cultivation and artificial selection. The entire Chinese cabbage genome sequence, and more than forty thousand proteins have been obtained to date. The genome has undergone triplication events since its divergence from Arabidopsis thaliana (13 to 17 Mya), however a high degree of sequence similarity and conserved genome structure remain between the two species. Arabidopsis is therefore a viable reference species for comparative genomics studies. Variation in the number of members in gene families due to genome triplication may contribute to the broad range of phenotypic plasticity, and increased tolerance to environmental extremes observed in Brassica species. Transcription factors are important regulators involved in plant developmental and physiological processes. The AP2/ERF proteins, one of the most important ...
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Brussels [http://visitbrussels.be/] (French: Bruxelles, Dutch: Brussel) is the capital city of Belgium and of Brussels Capital Region. It is entirely surrounded by Dutch-speaking Flanders and its constituent Flemish Brabant province. As headquarters of many European institutions, Brussels might also be considered something of a capital for the European Union. Being at the crossroads of cultures (the Germanic in the North and the Romance in the South) and playing an important role in Europe, Brussels fits the definition of the archetypal "melting pot", but still retains its own unique character. The population of the city of Brussels is 1 million and the population of Brussels metropolitan area is just over 2 million.
Brussels [http://visitbrussels.be/] (French: Bruxelles, Dutch: Brussel) is the capital city of Belgium and of Brussels Capital Region. It is entirely surrounded by Dutch-speaking Flanders and its constituent Flemish Brabant province. As headquarters of many European institutions, Brussels might also be considered something of a capital for the European Union. Being at the crossroads of cultures (the Germanic in the North and the Romance in the South) and playing an important role in Europe, Brussels fits the definition of the archetypal melting pot, but still retains its own unique character. The population of the city of Brussels is 1 million and the population of Brussels metropolitan area is just over 2 million.
Influence of the lime on inorganic ion and glucosinolate contents in Chinese cabbage - Calcium;Chinese cabbage;Inorganic ion;Glucosinolates;Slaked lime;
BACKGROUND: The present study is the first effort in a comprehensive evaluation of the nutritive and biological properties of the meal from Rapa Catozza Napoletana (RCN) (Brassica rapa L. var. rapa) cultivar seeds as a new and alternative source of proteins.. RESULTS: RCN seed meal revealed a good protein content (382.0 g kg−1) compared with conventional Brassica defatted meals. Total glucosinolates (6.0 g kg−1) were comparable to or even lower than those reported for other yellow- and brown-seeded cultivars. Low levels of both sinapine and phytic acid (10.0 and 10.0 g kg−1 respectively) suggest a minor influence of these compounds on meal mineral availability. The meal revealed quite a high polyphenolic content (13.0 g kg−1) composed of flavonol and hydroxycinnamic derivatives. With regard to meal biological properties, a higher radical-scavenging potential than reducing capacity and a broad antimicrobial spectrum, mainly against food-borne pathogens, were detected.. CONCLUSION: RCN ...
What is Brassica juncea with high concentrations of selenium. Definition of Brassica juncea with high concentrations of selenium. Meaning of Brassica juncea with high concentrations of selenium.
The mapping and functional analysis of quantitative traits in Brassica rapa can be greatly improved with the availability of physically positioned, gene-based genetic markers and accurate genome annotation. In this study, deep transcriptome RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of Brassica rapa was undertaken with two objectives: SNP detection and improved transcriptome annotation. We performed SNP detection on two varieties that are parents of a mapping population to aid in development of a marker system for this population and subsequent development of high-resolution genetic map. An improved Brassica rapa transcriptome was constructed to detect novel transcripts and improve the current genome annotation. This is useful for accurate mRNA abundance and detection of expression QTLs (eQTLs) in mapping populations. Deep RNA-Seq of two Brassica rapa genotypes - R500 (var. trilocularis, Yellow Sarson) and IMB211 (a rapid cycling variety) using eight different tissues (root, internode, leaf, petiole, apical ...
Brassica Campestris Sterols - Surfactant - SAAPedia - SAAPedia(Surfactant.TOP),Surfactant,Anionic surfactants, Cationic surfactants, Non-ionic surfactants, Zwitterionic surfactants, Polymer Surfactants, Fluoro surfactants, Silicone surfactants, Biosurfactants, Natural surfactants, Special surfactants - Page1
Synonyms for Brassica arvensis in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Brassica arvensis. 5 synonyms for Sinapis arvensis: Brassica kaber, chadlock, charlock, field mustard, wild mustard. What are synonyms for Brassica arvensis?
The original Dutch dialect of Brussels (Brussels) is a form of Brabantic (the variant of Dutch spoken in the ancient Duchy of Brabant) with a significant number of loanwords from French, and still survives among a minority of inhabitants called Brusseleers, many of them quite bi- and multilingual, or educated in French and not writing in Dutch. Brussels and its suburbs have evolved from a Dutch-dialect-speaking town to a mainly French-speaking town. The ethnic and national self-identification of the inhabitants is quite different along ethnic lines. For their French-speaking Bruxellois, it can vary from Belgian, Francophone Belgian, Bruxellois (like the Memellanders in interwar ethnic censuses in Memel), Walloon (for people who migrated from the Wallonia Region at an adult age); for Flemings living in Brussels, it is mainly either Flemish or Brusselaar (Dutch for an inhabitant), and often both. For the Brusseleers, many simply consider themselves as belonging to Brussels. For the many rather ...
Books by Brussels International Exposition (1897 Brussels, Belgium), The Brussels International Exposition, to be held in Brussels, Belgium, from May 24 to October 31, 1897
Brussels Airlines Belgique. Brussels Airlines, membre de Lufthansa Group et de Star Alliance, est la compagnie a rienne belge qui offre le plus grand choix de vols au d part de Brussels Airport. Les 3500 employ s et 50 avions du groupe Brussels Airlines assurent plus de 300 vol
Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like proteins (LRR-RLPs) are highly adaptable parts of the signalling apparatus for extracellular detection of plant pathogens. Resistance to blackleg disease of Brassica spp. caused by Leptosphaeria maculans is largely governed by host race-specific R-genes, including the LRR-RLP gene LepR3. The blackleg resistance gene Rlm2 was previously mapped to the same genetic interval as LepR3. In this study, the LepR3 locus of the Rlm2 Brassica napus line Glacier DH24287 was cloned, and B. napus transformants were analysed for recovery of the Rlm2 phenotype. Multiple B. napus, B. rapa and B. juncea lines were assessed for sequence variation at the locus. Rlm2 was found to be an allelic variant of the LepR3 LRR-RLP locus, conveying race-specific resistance to L. maculans isolates harbouring AvrLm2. Several defence-related LRR-RLPs have previously been shown to associate with the RLK SOBIR1 to facilitate defence signalling. Bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and ...
Three inoculation methods, including cutting of a leaf, drenching, and point inoculation, were compared in an effort to screen the susceptibility of Chinese cabbage to soft rot disease caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora. Three- to 4-week-old seedlings from 10 lines of cabbage with 16-h-old bacterial culture were routinely used. Inoculated seedlings were kept at 25.0 ± 10.0 °C for 48 h with saturated water vapor using a plastic tunnel in a greenhouse. Sixty-day-old mature plants were produced and inoculated in a greenhouse. Severity of symptoms, which were observed from percentage of plant infected was scored as from 1 to 9, representing resistant to susceptible, respectively. The correlation between seedlings and mature plants from ten lines was evaluated among the three different inoculation methods. Point inoculation gave the most significant correlation (r = 0.843, P , 0.05) between seedlings and mature plants. A good correlation was also observed between point inoculation of ...
The Impact of Mineral Nitrogen Fertilization on the Occurrence of Native Diazotrophic Bacteria in Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea) Shoots and Roots
Seymour, G. B. (Graham B.), Ryder, Carol D., Cevik, Volkan, Hammond, John P., Popovich, Alexandra, King , Graham J., Vrebalov, Julia, Giovannoni, James J. and Manning, Kenneth. (2010) A SEPALLATA gene is involved in the development and ripening of strawberry (Fragaria xananassa Duch.) fruit, a non-climacteric tissue. Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.63 (No.2). 1179-1188 . ISSN 0022-0957 Love, Christopher G., Graham, Neil S. , Ó Lochlainn, Seosamh, Bowen, Helen C., May, Sean T., White, Philip J., Broadley, Martin R., Hammond, John P. and King , Graham J.. (2010) A Brassica exon array for whole-transcript gene expression profiling. PL o S One, Vol.5 (No.9). ISSN 1932-6203 Broadley, Martin R., Ó Lochlainn, Seosamh, Hammond, John P., Bowen, Helen C., Cakmak, Ismail, Eker, Selim, Erdem, Haul, King , Graham J. and White, Philip J.. (2010) Shoot zinc (Zn) concentration varies widely within Brassica oleracea L. and is affected by soil Zn and phosphorus (P) levels. Journal of Horticultural Science & ...
APS Education Center: Investigating resistance in a population with rapid-cycling Brassica species and Albugo candida...Hayslett, Maya C. 2017. Investigating Resistance in a Population with Rapid-cycling Brassica species and Albugo candida. The Plant Health Instructor. 10.1094/PHI-T-2017-0711-01 Maya C. Hayslett, Paul H. Williams, Douglas I. Rouse, and Victoria Kartan...
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HOSTS White rust most commonly occurs on: field mustard (Brassica campestris L.), leaf or Chinese mustard (B. juncea Zerj, & Coss.), black mustard (B. nigra (L.) Koch), broccoli and cauliflower (B. oleracea L. var. botrytis L.), Chinese or celery cabbage (B. pekinensis (Lour.) Rupr.), rutabaga ...
The type and quantity of fertilizer supplied to a crop will differ between organic and conventional farming practices. Altering the type of fertilizer a plant is provided with can influence a plants foliar nitrogen levels, as well as the composition and concentration of defence compounds, such as glucosinolates. Many natural enemies of insect herbivores can respond to headspace volatiles emitted by the herbivores host plant in response to herbivory. We propose that manipulating fertilizer type may also influence the headspace volatile profiles of plants, and as a result, the tritrophic interactions that occur between plants, their insect pests and those pests natural enemies. Here, we investigate a tritrophic system consisting of cabbage plants, Brassica oleracea, a parasitoid, Diaeretiella rapae, and one of its hosts, the specialist cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae. Brassica oleracea plants were provided with either no additional fertilization or one of three types of fertilizer: Nitram ...
No, this is not a racist posting. Its about cabbage white butterflies. I recently posted about this butterfly in my newly planted vegetable garden. Cabbage white butterflies, Pieris rapae, are one of the most common pests of vegetable gardens. The caterpillar, also known as the imported cabbageworm, feeds on many plants in the mustard family. According to John Capineras Handbook of Vegetable Pests, vegetables attacked include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale and radishes, and others.. Our entomologist in Overton, Texas, Scott Ludwig, caught a report of another unique control method for this pest. I cant vouch for its effectiveness, but the idea appears to have a biological basis. And it looks like a lot of fun. White cutouts resembling the cabbage white are placed in the garden. Because the cabbage white female tends to avoid laying eggs on a plant that is already being frequented by another female, the sight of another large female moth is apparently enough to ...
Cruciferous Vegetables. Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and kale are among the most powerful cancer fighting foods to be found. Cruciferous vegetables are high in fiber, vitamins and minerals and contain important antioxidants such as beta carotene and the compound sulforaphane. Cruciferous vegetables contain isothiocyanates, phytochemicals which help break down potential carcinogens. They also contain indole-3-carbidol (I3C), which helps prevent estrogen driven cancers. Other cruciferous vegetables are: arugula, bok choy, chard, Chinese cabbage, collard greens, daikon, kohlrabi, mustard greens, radishes, rutabagas, turnips and watercress ...
黑芥(Brassica Nigra)籽提取物 - 表面活性劑 - 表面活性劑百科 - 表面活性劑百科(Surfactant.TOP),表面活性劑,陰離子表面活性劑,陽離子表面活性劑,非離子表面活性劑,兩性離子表面活性劑,氟表面活性劑,矽表面活性劑,純天然表面活性劑,高分子表面活性劑,生物表面活性劑,特殊表面活性劑 - 第1頁
Map-based cloning of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in polyploidy crop species remains a challenge due to the complexity of their genome structures. QTLs for seed weight in B. napus have been identified, but information on candidate genes for identified QTLs of this important trait is still rare. In this study, a whole genome genetic linkage map for B. napus was constructed using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers that covered a genetic distance of 2,126.4 cM with an average distance of 5.36 cM between markers. A procedure was developed to establish colinearity of SSR loci on B. napus with its two progenitor diploid species B. rapa and B. oleracea through extensive bioinformatics analysis. With the aid of B. rapa and B. oleracea genome sequences, the 421 homologous colinear loci deduced from the SSR loci of B. napus were shown to correspond to 398 homologous loci in Arabidopsis thaliana. Through comparative mapping of Arabidopsis and the three Brassica species, 227 homologous genes for seed size
Brassica rapa BCPI-1 protein: isolated from flower buds of Chinese cabbage Brassica camperstris; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank L41355
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Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Diversity Array Technology Markers: Genetic Diversity Analyses and Linkage Map Construction in Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Squashed Brussels sprouts are a thing of beauty - cooked up with chorizo, this sprouts recipe from Jamie Olivers Christmas Cookbook is a winning combo.
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a malignancy derived from T cells infected with human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), and it is known to be resistant to standard anticancer therapies. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a naturally occurring component of Brassica vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli and Brussels sprout, is a promising chemopreventive agent as it is reported to possess antimutagenic, antitumorigenic and antiestrogenic properties in experimental studies. The aim of this study was to determine the potential anti-ATLL effects of I3C both in vitro and in vivo. In the in vitro study, I3C inhibited cell viability of HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines and ATLL cells in a dose-dependent manner. Importantly, I3C did not exert any inhibitory effect on uninfected T-cell lines and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. I3C prevented the G1/S transition by reducing the expression of cyclin D1, cyclin D2, Cdk4 and Cdk6, and induced apoptosis by reducing the expression of XIAP, survivin and Bcl-2,
2007. Characterization of the centromere and peri-centromere retrotransposons in Brassica rapa and their distribution in related Brassica species. ...
Dear sir, i am working on galaxy from last one months and i am very well appraise with the performance and its feasibility for a non computational guy. I am using tophat gapped-read mapper .. for align Brassica napus unfortunately my interest genome is not list on galaxy. Please upload the reference genome of brassica napus on galaxy.. Best Regards. ...
Although rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is known to be affected by waterlogging, the genetic basis of waterlogging tolerance by rapeseed is largely unknown. In this study, the transcriptome under 0 h and 12 h of waterlogging was assayed in the roots of ZS9, a tolerant variety, using digital gene expression (DGE). A total of 4432 differentially expressed genes were identified, indicating that the response to waterlogging in rapeseed is complicated. The assignments of the annotated genes based on GO (Gene Ontology) revealed there were more genes induced under waterlogging in
In the screening of DNA polymerase (pol) inhibitor, we isolated lutein, a carotenoid, from the crude (unrefined) pressed oil of canola (low erucic acid rapeseed, Brassica napus L.). Commercially prepared carotenoids such as lutein (1), zeaxanthin (2), beta-cryptoxanthin (3), astaxanthin (4), canthax …
Cruciferous vegetables, especially broccoli, may prevent cancer through anticarcinogenic compounds. For example, broccoli contains isothiocyanates that induce carcinogen-detoxifying enzymes. Glutathione transferase enzymes conjugate isothiocyanates, leading to excretion. We hypothesized that broccoli consumption in combination with the glutathione transferase M1 (GSTM1) null genotype would be associated with a lower prevalence of colorectal adenomas because of higher isothiocyanate levels. We used a case-control study of mainly asymptomatic subjects aged 50-74 years who underwent a screening sigmoidoscopy at either of two Southern California Kaiser Permanente Medical Centers during 1991-1993. Cases (n = 459) had a first-time diagnosis of histologically confirmed adenomas detected by flexible sigmoidoscopy. Controls (n = 507) had no polyp detected. Subjects had a 45-min in-person interview for information on various risk factors and basic demographic data and completed a 126-item, ...
Nutritional value of cake and solvent extracted meal from yellow-seeded spring rape (Brassica rapa) and brown-seeded winter rape type (Brassica napus) determined with ...
campestris in brassica transplants: implications for seed health standards. In: Biddle AJ; Cockerell V; Tomkins M; Cottey A; ... campestris in vegetable brassica fields in Nepal". Plant Disease. 94 (3): 298-305. doi:10.1094/PDIS-94-3-0298. PMID 30754254. ... campestris in Brassica genomes". Phytopathology. 92 (1): 105-111. doi:10.1094/PHYTO.2002.92.1.105. PMID 18944146. United States ... Since then, it has been found in nearly every country in which vegetable brassicas are commercially cultivated. Host infection ...
Gómez-Campo C (1999). Biology of Brassica Coenospecies. Elsevier. pp. 186-189. ISBN 978-0-444-50278-0. Schnable P, Wise RP (May ...
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Broussonetia kurzii Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) ...
The species Brassica napus originated as a hybrid between the cabbage (Brassica oleracea) and the turnip (Brassica rapa). ... It originated from a cross between turnip (Brassica rapa) and Brassica oleracea. The resulting cross then doubled its ... Brassica napobrassica was first validly published by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum as a variety of B. ... The term turnip is also used for the white turnip (Brassica rapa ssp rapa). Some will also refer to both swede and (white) ...
For example, mustard (Brassica sp.) is now virtually unknown within the Preserve, while it presents a major challenge at other ...
It is a member of the genus Brassica of the mustard family, Brassicaceae (Brassica rapa var. parachinensis or Brassica ... Retrieved 2013-02-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) http://zipcodezoo.com/Plants/B/Brassica_chinensis_var__ ...
Brassica juncea; or black mustard, B. nigra). The whole, ground, cracked, or bruised mustard seeds are mixed with water, salt, ...
Brassica juncea Coss. Brassica napus L. Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata Brassica ... gemnifera Brassica oleracea L. var. gongylodes Eruca sativa Mill. Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. Sinapis alba L. Apuleia molaris ...
Beetroot (beta vulgaris) Cabbage (brassica oleracea var. capitata) Tomato vine (solanum lycopersicum) Chili peppers (capsicum ...
Many pests want to eat baby brassica; this in combination with its long growing season makes planting brassica from plugs a ... Traditionally nearly all heading brassica are sown in a separate seed bed, thinned, and the best ones planted in a prepared bed ... Beetroot, carrots and the root brassica family- swede, turnip- will simply not reach their full potential with any check to ... lycopersicum (habit)) Plug cauliflower plants (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (cauliflower habit)) Small plugs of lettuce ( ...
February 2000). "The pollen determinant of self-incompatibility in Brassica campestris". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (4): ... Schopfer CR, Nasrallah ME, Nasrallah JB (November 1999). "The male determinant of self-incompatibility in Brassica". Science. ... October 2001). "Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility". Nature. 413 (6855): 534-8. ... haplotype of Brassica campestris (syn. rapa)". Genetics. 153 (1): 391-400. PMC 1460755. PMID 10471721. Takayama S, Shiba H, ...
It occurs in seeds of Brassica and Crucifera species. Thiouracil has been used as antithyroid, coronary vasodilator, and in ...
Mendel (Brassica napus L.), as a clubroot-resistant crop. It has been found that few cultivators exist. Specific genotypes do ... Clubroot is a soilborne disease caused by the biotrophic protist Plasmodiophora brassica. The infection causes the formation of ... 2011). Breeding for clubroot resistant spring canola (Brassica napus L.) for the Canadian Prairies: Can the European winter ... the interaction between Plasmodiophora brassicae and Brassica oleracea Charles W. Averre. "Club-Root of Cabbage and Related ...
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (Cauliflower) Brassica oleracea var. capitata (Cabbage) Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera ( ... Aster) Atropa belladonna (Belladonna) Aucuba (Aucuba) Berberis (Barberry) Brassica napus (Oilseed rape, Rapeseed) Brassica ... Birch, Hophornbeam) Brassica oleracea Italica Group (Broccoli) Browallia spp. (Browallia) Buxus spp. (Boxwood) Calendula ...
It is to be noted, furthermore, that in foliage, Brassica napus and turnip (Brassica rapa) have similar leaves, for which ... rapa) (Hebrew: לפת‎) with rape (Brassica napus) (Hebrew: נפוס‎). Likewise, cauliflower (Brassica oleracea botrytis) (Hebrew: ... Brassica oleracea) or kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala). The prohibition of grafting of trees is treated on in the Mishnah ... צנון). Zohar Amar suggests that it may have actually been Brassica napus; see Amar, Z. (2015), p. 113. One is to bear in mind ...
The major canola species that are susceptible to Alternaria Black Spot include Brassica rapa and Brassica napus (which are ... "Effect of swathing on alternaria black spot in Brassica rapa canola in Saskatchewan". Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 79 (2 ... Assembly on Brassicas, Port Lincoln, Australia. web page: http://www.australianoilseeds.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/4594/ ...
In Brassica, the pollen coat, derived from the anther's tapetum tissue, carries the translation products of the two S alleles. ... The SI mechanism in Brassica[edit]. As previously mentioned, the SI phenotype of the pollen is determined by the diploid ... The female determinant of the SI response in Brassica, is a transmembrane protein termed SRK, which has an intracellular kinase ... Schopfer, C. R., M. E. Nasrallah, and J. B. Nasrallah (1999). "The male determinant of self-incompatibility in Brassica". ...
Rlm7 has been mapped to Brassica chromosome A07. Rlm8 resides on the A genome in Brassica rapa and Brassica napus, but it has ... Brassica juncea (AABB genome) or Brassica carinata (BBCC genome) into B. napus. In the Brassica-L. maculans interactions, there ... Brassica oleracea) and oilseed rape (Brassica napus). L. maculans is especially virulent on Brassica napus. The first dramatic ... Rlm10 is present in the B genome of Brassica juncea or Brassica nigra, but it has not yet been introgressed into Brassica napus ...
... may refer to: A brassica, especially cabbage, kale, or rape (rapeseed). Cole (name) Cole Motor Car Company, a pioneer ... first given in 1928 Brassica aka "cole crops", a genus of plants in the mustard family Justice Cole (disambiguation) River Cole ...
Karpechenko, G. D. (1989) [1928]. "Polyploid hybrids of Raphanus sativus L. X Brassica oleracea L.". In Janick, J. (ed.). ... Brassicoraphanus is any intergeneric hybrid between the genera Brassica (cabbages, etc.) and Raphanus (radish). The name comes ... Karpechenko, G. D. (December 1928). "Polyploid hybrids of Raphanus sativus X Brassica oleracea L.". Bulletin of Applied Botany ... Karpechenko, G. D. (December 1928). "Polyploid hybrids of Raphanus sativus X Brassica oleracea L.". Zeitschrift für Induktive ...
This aphid is found on older leaves of brassica plants and on the roots. It is one of several species of aphid to feed on ... while the green peach aphid is found on many crops and plants including brassicas. The cabbage aphid can be distinguished by ... its waxy coating and its dense colonies on young growth, while the green peach aphid is dispersed around the brassica plant, ... brassicas; the cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae) feeds only on these plants, ...
italica Plenck and cauliflower, Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.". Acta Horticulturae 407: ISHS Brassica Symposium - IX ... There are two forms of Brassica oleracea that may be referred to as broccoflower, both of which are considered cultivars of ... Broccoflower refers to either of two edible plants of the species Brassica oleracea with light green heads. The edible portion ... Watts, LE (1968). "Natural cross-pollination and the identification of hybrids between botanical varieties of Brassica oleracea ...
Ireland and Australia as brassicas, are in a single species (Brassica oleracea); they are not distinguished from one another ... Lampe JW, King IB, Li S, Grate MT, Barale KV, Chen C, Feng Z, Potter JD (Jun 2000). "Brassica vegetables increase and apiaceous ... One description of genetic factors involved in the breeding of Brassica species is the Triangle of U. Cruciferous vegetables ... Extensive selective breeding has produced a large variety of cultivars, especially within the genus Brassica. ...
The compound itself was first isolated from Brassica plants, hence the ending of the name. When a second, similar natural ...
Larval food plants are Gossypium hirsutum, Abelmoschus esculentus, Urena lobata, Brassica oleracea and Zea mays. "Redescription ...
The species is a pest on various Brassica species (mainly Brussels sprout and Kale) and Fragaria. It also feeds on various wild ...
e.g. Brassica) Superficial: Similar to axile, but placentae are on inner surfaces of multilocular ovary (e.g. Nymphaea) In ...
Brassica napus, Ma: Musa spp. AAA, Ps: Pelargonium sidoides, Fs: Fucus serratus, Vc: Volvox carteri, Bcm: Brassica campestris, ... aperture formation and pollen tube growth in Brassica campestris". Annals of Botany. 113 (5): 777-788. doi:10.1093/aob/mct315. ... "Efficient generation of mutations mediated by CRISPR/Cas9 in the hairy root transformation system of Brassica carinata". PLOS ... "The distinct functions of two classical arabinogalactan proteins BcMF8 and BcMF18 during pollen wall development in Brassica ...
The pickle is made from the knobby, fist-sized, swollen green stem of Brassica juncea, subspecies tatsai. The stem is first ... and more descriptions of zha cai Whole zhacai being sold Zhacai article Zhacai making article Q&A of Zhacai with Brassica ...
Crops inclined to bolt include lettuce, basil, beetroot, brassicas, spinach, celery, onion, and leek. Bolting is induced by ...
Brassica oleracea; aa sequence given in first source; GenBank Z18362 ... Brassica oleracea BOFH protein: homolog of LFY (Arabidopsis) & FLO (Antirrhinum); from cauliflower, ... Brassica oleracea BOFH protein. Subscribe to New Research on Brassica oleracea BOFH protein ... homolog of LFY (Arabidopsis) & FLO (Antirrhinum); from cauliflower, Brassica oleracea; aa sequence given in first source; ...
Brassica oleracea italica). By Nutri People. First cultivated by the Romans, broccoli is related to the cabbage, cauliflower ...
Evaluation of antiulcerogenic activity of aqueous extract of Brassica oleracea var. capitata (cabbage) on Wistar rat gastric ... Avaliação da atividade antiúlcera do extrato aquoso de Brassica oleracea var. capitata (repolho) em úlceras gástricas de ratos ... The cabbage (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata) is an herbaceous and leafy plant which belongs to the Brassicaceae family, ... Brassica sp. is reported to have been utilized for over one thousand years in the healing process of abscesses, idiopathic ...
This section provides useful information about Brassica campestris and research studies to improve our overall understanding of ... Combined effect of ultraviolet-B Radiation and Cadmium Contamination on Nutrient Uptake and Photosynthetic Pigments in Brassica ... a disorder or a specific Brassica campestris . ...
Improving brassica crops reliability, yield and quality by understanding seasonal and environmental effects on developmental ... Brassica Rapeseed and Vegetable Optimisation Improving brassica crops reliability, yield and quality by understanding seasonal ... Identifying robust Brassica lines which once bred into commercial varieties will improve seed production for yield and the ... Brassica species encompass a diverse range of economically important crop species worth in excess of $20 billion worldwide. ...
Brassica juncea integrifolia rugosa is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to ... Brassica balearica. Perennial. 0.0. - LMH. N. M. 1. 0. Brassica carinata. Abyssinian Cabbage. Annual. 1.0. 9-12 F. LMH. SN. M. ... Brassica juncea integrifolia rugosa is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a fast rate.. It is hardy to zone ( ... Brassica juncea multiceps. Green In The Snow. Annual. 0.4. 6-9 F. LMH. SN. M. 4. 2. ...
Brassicas. Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). The members of the genus are collectively known ... Common types of brassica used for food include cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels sprouts, and some types of seeds. ... Other pests associated with Brassicas. *Cabbage seed weevil (Ceutorhynchus assimilis). *Oilseed rape stem weevil (Ceutorhynchus ...
Westminster Philip Jacobs Brassica Green. Hancocks of Paducah offers a wide selection of Quilt Fabric by Free Spirit Fabrics ... Well send you an email when Westminster Philip Jacobs Brassica Green is back in stock or available for preorder. ... Sold by the yard.Premium 44 inch wide cotton fabric.Westminster Philip Jacobs Brassica Green. 100% Cotton, 44" wide. ...
By submitting this form, you are consenting to receive marketing emails from: California Invasive Plant Council, 1442-A Walnut St. #462, Berkeley, CA, 94709, http://www.cal-ipc.org. You can revoke your consent to receive emails at any time by using the SafeUnsubscribe® link, found at the bottom of every email. Emails are serviced by Constant Contact ...
2 Pages in Charles Darwins Library associated with "flora - Brassica rapa" *Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Befruchtung der ...
... grant to conduct research into the underlying genetic factors that make Brassica crops susceptible to Black Rot. ... V-shaped yellow sectors on the leaf edges and blackening of the leaf veins in Brassica crops such as broccoli, cauliflower, ... There are hardly any wild Brassica plant species that are resistant to this disease which could be used as a natural resource ... V-shaped yellow sectors on the leaf edges and blackening of the leaf veins in Brassica crops such as broccoli, cauliflower, ...
Creating Targeted Gene Knockouts in Brassica oleracea Using CRISPR/Cas9. 1st January 2019 ...
Put cruciferous vegetables in the spotlight and reap the nutritional-and tasty-rewards.
Also called Chinese Mustard, Annual, 16-20 ht. Used in Stir-fries. Sample Pkt 10 - 25 seeds .40 Large Pkt 1 gram 1.05
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery in the polyploid Brassica napus using Solexa transcriptome sequencing 1st ... Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery in the polyploid Brassica napus using Solexa transcriptome sequencing ...
Brassica oleracea var italica) to Increase the Functional Properties of Ice Cream ... The Addition of Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var italica) to Increase the Functional Properties of Ice Cream. Pakistan Journal ... The Addition of Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var italica) to Increase the Functional Properties of Ice Cream. ...
Brassica Capitata. Caulirapum. / Cucumeres longi [TWO COLOR HERBAL SHEETS]. No date. Ca. 1600.. TWO SEPARATE SHEETS each with ...
Grow Your Own/Brassicas 133 129 Brassicas https://www.growell.co.uk/grow-your-own/brassicas.html 1 3 ...
... Leeks, Conrad R. F. Abstract. Variables for the accelerated ageing (AA) ... The conductivity test was mostly able to identify vigour differences among forage and Asian vegetable brassica seed lots. ... of seed size on seed vigour and the relationship between laboratory test results and field perfonnance in selected Brassica spp ...
Brassica napus (Napobrassica Group), Brassica rapa. *A blend of these two vegetables, similar in appearance but different in ...
Brassica oleracea) vegetable plants, Berkshire, England, UK, June ... Brassica oleracea) vegetable plants, Berkshire, England, UK, ...
May turnip 'Platte Witte Mei' (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa var. majalis). 1.82 € * ... May turnip 'Platte Witte Mei' (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa var. majalis). 1.82 € * ... Autumn turnip 'Milan White Red Top' (Brassica rapa ssp. rapa) organic. 2.29 € * ... Autumn turnip 'Milan White Red Top' (Brassica rapa ssp. rapa) organic. 2.29 € * ...
QTL identification for nine seed-related traits in Brassica juncea using a multiparent advanced generation intercross (MAGIC) ... Roy N.N. (1984): Interspecific transfer of Brassica juncea-type high blackleg resistance to Brassica napus. Euphytica, 33: 295- ... Brassica juncea; MAGIC population; plant breeding; QTL mapping; seed-related traits. References:. Badani A.G., Snowdon R.J., ... Zhao H., Yan W., Yu K., Wang T., Khattak A.N., Tian E. (2021): QTL identification for nine seed-related traits in Brassica ...
N2 - Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ∼7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by ... AB - Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ∼7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by ... Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ∼7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by ... abstract = "Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ∼7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, ...
Brassica oleracea Gongylodes-ryhmä. Yleistä: Viljely: Korjuu ja säilytys. Ensimmäiset tiedot Roomasta vuodelta e.. ...
... L.. Brassicaceae, or Cruciferae. Black Mustard. NewCROP has Black Mustard information at: Handbook of Energy ...
Brassica Mix. Brassica Blend is a mixture of fast growing brassicas that produces a lush forage to attract and hold deer to ... Brassica Blend is a mixture of fast growing brassicas that produces a lush forage to attract and hold deer to your plots from ... Next fall I think Ill try brassicas again but I think Ill do 1/2 the plot in winter rye again just in case the brassicas ... Feeding deer when the cold arrives and the snow flies is just what our brassica blend does. Stir a little. Brassicas are a ...
Brassica rapa. Properties and Benefits of Turnip. November 11, 2020. by Marius Lixandru ... The term turnip generally refers to the white, round-oval principal root of the turnip plant (Brassica rapa). Turnips grow well ...
... + , Brassica rapa narinosa + , Brassica rapa narinosa + , Brassica rapa narinosa + , Brassica rapa ... Brassica rapa narinosa + , Brassica rapa narinosa + , Brassica rapa narinosa + , Brassica rapa narinosa + , Brassica rapa ...
... + Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. ... Retrieved from "https://practicalplants.org/wiki/Special:Browse/Brassica-20oleracea-20alboglabra-23_ ...
All images & content © Callum Ollason 2021, Edinburgh, UK ...
... + Has queryThis property is a special property in this wiki. ... Retrieved from "https://practicalplants.org/wiki/Special:Browse/Brassica-20oleracea-20costata-23_ ...
Brassica juncea Brassica juncea (L.) … Erysiphe cruciferarum parasitises live Brassica juncea. Species Brassica alboglabra L.H ... image 5457983 is of Indian mustard ( Brassica juncea ) seed ( )...: species Brassica fruticulosa Cyr Google Scholar Brassica ... brassica juncea class. Posted on 23 de dezembro de 2020. by Brassica juncea. charc.8. pl. The chitinases of B. juncea and C. ... Brassica juncea Brassica juncea Cult 108:83 CrossRef Google Scholar Brassica juncea therefore... Org Cult 108:83 CrossRef ...
  • Cauliflower is the species Brassica oleracea, including cabbage, brussels sprouts, kale and broccoli , belong to the family Brassicaceae, native to Italy. (blogspot.com)
  • Broccoli is classified in the Italica cultivar group of the species Brassica oleracea . (wikipedia.org)
  • Other cultivar groups of Brassica oleracea include cabbage (Capitata Group), cauliflower and Romanesco broccoli (Botrytis Group), kale and collard (Acephala Group), kohlrabi (Gongylodes Group), Brussels sprouts (Gemmifera Group), and kai-lan (Alboglabra Group). (wikipedia.org)
  • Beneforté is a variety of broccoli containing 2-3 times more glucoraphanin that was produced by crossing broccoli with a wild Brassica variety, Brassica oleracea var villosa . (wikipedia.org)
  • Factors affecting the incidence of internal deviations in Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea L. Var. (wur.nl)
  • Green cabbage (Brassica oleracea capitata var. (gardenguides.com)
  • alba) and purple cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. (gardenguides.com)
  • A seedling of broccoli ( Brassica oleracea var. (stackexchange.com)
  • A functional allele of BoFLC2 was identified in an annual Brassica [ 15 ], the mutant allele boflc2 explained the role of FLC in B. oleracea and Arabidopsis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family (family Brassicaceae, genus Brassica ) whose large flowering head and stalk is eaten as a vegetable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Broccoli resembles cauliflower , which is a different cultivar group of the same Brassica species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Broccoli resulted from breeding of cultivated Brassica crops in the northern Mediterranean starting in about the sixth century BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rapini , sometimes called "broccoli raab" among other names, forms similar but smaller heads, and is actually a type of turnip ( Brassica rapa ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Brussels sprouts is a member of the Brassica family together with broccoli and cabbage. (juicing-for-health.com)
  • The cooking methods that were applied influenced the anti-proliferative activity of Brassica extracts but did not alter considerably the antioxidant activity presented by the raw vegetables. (blogspot.com)
  • Brassica plants showed natural variation in flowering time, which provides an excellent resource for explaining the molecular mechanism behind it. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. (berkeley.edu)
  • Citation for this treatment: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz 2012, Brassica juncea , in Jepson Flora Project (eds. (berkeley.edu)
  • Brassica juncea is a tetraploid - it has double the number of chromosomes normal for the genus. (floridata.com)
  • Brassica juncea is a ANNUAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 0.3 m (1ft). (pfaf.org)
  • Brassica juncea is used in phytoremediation to remove heavy metals, such as lead, from the soil in hazardous waste sites because it has a higher tolerance for these substances and stores the heavy metals in its cells. (pfaf.org)
  • found that Brassica juncea was particularly effective at removing cadmium from soil. (pfaf.org)
  • Amphidiploid Brassica juncea contains conserved progenitor genomes. (diva-portal.org)
  • Plants of Brassica juncea L. var. (hindawi.com)
  • Brassica juncea L. is an amphiploid species, which belongs to Brassicaceae family. (hindawi.com)
  • The present work was undertaken to study the effects of Cd on metal uptake, H 2 O 2 content, hormonal profiling, level of photosynthetic pigments, gaseous exchange parameters, antioxidative enzymes, antioxidant assays, and polyphenols in Brassica juncea plants. (hindawi.com)
  • Advances in Agronomic Management of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. (hindawi.com)
  • Indian mustard ( Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. (hindawi.com)
  • Brassica juncea & Sinapis alba This all-in-one cover crop blend provides rich organic matter to your ground, recycles nutrients and acts as natural soil fumigant to fight nematodes, insects, and pathogenic fungi. (territorialseed.com)
  • Clubroot, caused by the pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae , is a serious disease of Brassica crops in most production areas around the world, having caused serious losses to vegetable crops such as cabbage, rutabaga, radish, cauliflower, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts. (gov.mb.ca)
  • Broccoli and cauliflower are staple vegetables in my kitchen, so I assumed I'd eaten these brassica in just about every way possible. (seriouseats.com)
  • Cabbage is in the brassica family, meaning it's a relative of kohlrabi, broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts, but it's immensely popular because it's versatile in the kitchen, it's palatable, and it's attractive in the garden. (gardenharvestsupply.com)
  • The brassica family, including Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage, is one of the more humble collections of vegetables. (gourmettraveller.com.au)
  • The brassica family of crops includes cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Simply defined, brassicas are a group of vegetables, including cabbage , broccoli , cauliflower and kale , that thrive in cool climates, are remarkably hardy and frost-resistant and are noted for their nutritional values. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • These include the familiar head-shaped brassicas (broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower), leafy brassicas (kale and collard greens), Brussels sprouts and kohlrabi. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • As many as 18 species of Brassica have been recognized in China, but the easternmost native range of the genus hardly reaches C Asia. (efloras.org)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Brassica (family Brassicaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • Vegetables of the Brassica genus, such as broccoli, contain a phytochemical, which may shift estrogen metabolism and increase the 2:16 ratio. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Confusingly enough, several species in the Brassicaceae family are not a part of the Brassica genus. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Like all brassica plants, cabbage grows best in cooler temperatures. (gardenharvestsupply.com)
  • Brassica is the Latin word for cabbage. (vplants.org)
  • Brassica is the Latin name for cabbage, tournefortii is named for Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708). (swbiodiversity.org)
  • These brassicas, probably cabbage, have been planted not long ago and a rabbit protection fence erected around the edge of the field. (geograph.org.uk)
  • I've been growing brassicas for years and always dealt with the cabbage worm. (chiotsrun.com)
  • And if all of that information isn't enough to make you feel like a cabbage head, toss in the fact that brassicas are sometimes referred to as cole crops and that the entire group is sometimes referred to as the cabbage family. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • Brassica including most important vegetable, seed-oil, condiment crops in Brassicaceae. (berkeley.edu)
  • Brassica includes the most important vegetables and oilseed plants of the Brassicaceae, and China is the center where human selection has created numerous cultivars, more so than elsewhere in the world. (efloras.org)
  • Brassicas are species of the Brassicaceae family (the "mustard" family), which is also interchangeably called the Cruciferae family, hence the reference terms "crucifers" or "cruciferous vegetables" for cabbages and similar vegetables. (hobbyfarms.com)
  • The phenolic composition of Brassica vegetables has been recently investigated and, nowadays, the profile of different Brassica species is well established. (mdpi.com)
  • 1940) recognized 25 crop species of Brassica (including two presently assigned to Sinapis and ten as "new"), of which 23 species names clearly belong to only six species (nos. (efloras.org)
  • Because the Chinese Brassica are maintained only in cultivation as distinct crops and have well-established Chinese names, they have been recognized in most of Chinese floras as distinct species. (efloras.org)
  • This document is intended to provide background information on the biology of Brassica carinata , its identity, geographical distribution, reproductive biology, related species, the potential for gene introgression from B. carinata into relatives, and details of the life forms with which it interacts. (gc.ca)
  • Brassica nigra in The Plant List Version 1.1. (wikimedia.org)
  • For more multimedia, look at Brassica nigra on Wikimedia Commons . (wikimedia.org)
  • var annua L .) and karan rai ( Brassica carinata ) are the new emerging oilseed crops having limited area of cultivation. (hindawi.com)
  • The main objective of this project is to develop the production of Brassica carinata as a new source of non food raw materials either for biomass to be processed into energy or for derived from the seeds oil which could be transformed into liquid biofuels and high value-added derivatives. (europa.eu)
  • The brassicas include not only cabbages themselves and their near cousins, like kale and Brussels sprouts, but also some rather surprising relatives. (getreading.co.uk)
  • There is a huge range of different brassica varieties available so don't just settle for the bog standard green cabbages. (getreading.co.uk)
  • Brassica cretica - Lam. (pfaf.org)
  • Brassica cretica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). (pfaf.org)
  • Patterson grills an assortment of brassica-including vibrant romanesco and leafy rape and cicco-until well-charred and tender. (seriouseats.com)
  • Just start Ornamental Brassica seeds indoors, covering the flower seeds very lightly. (outsidepride.com)
  • Researchers at the John Innes Centre have applied to Defra for permission to carry out field trials of genetically modified (GM) wheat and a gene-edited brassica. (fwi.co.uk)
  • Brassica tournefortii was first reported from California (Imperial, Riverside, and western San Bernardino counties) by W. L. Jepson ([1923-1925]), with the first collections appearing from southern California in 1941 (R. C. Rollins and I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1986), Arizona in 1959 (T. H. Kearney and R. H. Peebles 1960), Nevada in 1977, and Texas in 1978 (D. E. Lemke and R. D. Worthington 1991). (swbiodiversity.org)
  • It is difficult to estimate glucosinolate exposure and degradation in humans, possibly limiting epidemiological investigations of Brassica and cancer associations. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We conducted a case control investigation of breast cancer in Shanghai, China, using urinary ITC levels as a biological measure of glucosinolate intake and degradation in populations with habitual Brassica intake. (aacrjournals.org)