A tumor derived from branchial epithelium or branchial rests. (Dorland, 27th ed)
CD4-positive T cells that inhibit immunopathology or autoimmune disease in vivo. They inhibit the immune response by influencing the activity of other cell types. Regulatory T-cells include naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ cells, IL-10 secreting Tr1 cells, and Th3 cells.
A subclass of winged helix DNA-binding proteins that share homology with their founding member fork head protein, Drosophila.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
A low affinity interleukin-2 receptor subunit that combines with the INTERLEUKIN-2 RECEPTOR BETA SUBUNIT and the INTERLEUKIN RECEPTOR COMMON GAMMA-CHAIN to form a high affinity receptor for INTERLEUKIN-2.
A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.
A classification of T-lymphocytes, especially into helper/inducer, suppressor/effector, and cytotoxic subsets, based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.
RNA consisting of two strands as opposed to the more prevalent single-stranded RNA. Most of the double-stranded segments are formed from transcription of DNA by intramolecular base-pairing of inverted complementary sequences separated by a single-stranded loop. Some double-stranded segments of RNA are normal in all organisms.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs (21-31 nucleotides) involved in GENE SILENCING functions, especially RNA INTERFERENCE (RNAi). Endogenously, siRNAs are generated from dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) by the same ribonuclease, Dicer, that generates miRNAs (MICRORNAS). The perfect match of the siRNAs' antisense strand to their target RNAs mediates RNAi by siRNA-guided RNA cleavage. siRNAs fall into different classes including trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA), repeat-associated RNA (rasiRNA), small-scan RNA (scnRNA), and Piwi protein-interacting RNA (piRNA) and have different specific gene silencing functions.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Paired respiratory organs of fishes and some amphibians that are analogous to lungs. They are richly supplied with blood vessels by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged directly with the environment.
The vital life force in the body, supposedly able to be regulated by acupuncture. It corresponds roughly to the Greek pneuma, the Latin spiritus, and the ancient Indian prana. The concept of life-breath or vital energy was formulated as an indication of the awareness of man, originally directed externally toward nature or society but later turned inward to the self or life within. (From Comparison between Concepts of Life-Breath in East and West, 15th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine - East and West, August 26-September 3, 1990, Shizuoka, Japan, pp. ix-x)
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Small pumps, often implantable, designed for temporarily assisting the heart, usually the LEFT VENTRICLE, to pump blood. They consist of a pumping chamber and a power source, which may be partially or totally external to the body and activated by electromagnetic motors.
Tumors or cancer of the PAROTID GLAND.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
A clear, homogenous, structureless, eosinophilic substance occurring in pathological degeneration of tissues.
A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
A benign epithelial tumor of the LIVER.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.

Cystic lymph node metastases of squamous cell carcinoma of Waldeyer's ring origin. (1/35)

We analysed in a retrospective study the frequency of cystic lymph node (LN) metastases in neck dissection specimens of 123 patients with primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising in the palatine tonsils (62 M/14 F), the base of the tongue (38 M/5 F) and the nasopharynx (2 M/2 F). Eighty-two per cent of patients had metastases (64 tonsillar SCC, 33 base of tongue SCC and all four nasopharynx SCC) in 368 LN of a total 2298 sampled LN. Thirty-nine per cent of patients had exclusively solid metastases and 37% of patients had exclusively cystic metastases. A total of 62 patients had some signs of cyst formation in one or more metastatically affected LN (27 with only histological evidence of cyst formation with luminal diameters < 5 mm, 35 with clinically detectable cyst with luminal diameter > 5 mm). Cystic metastases were more common in patients with SCC of the base of the tongue (P = 0.005), while solitary clinically evident cystic metastasis with lumina > 5 mm were found exclusively in tonsillar carcinoma (P = 0.024). In comparison with solid metastases, cyst formation was associated with N-categories (N2b and N3, P = 0.005) in SCC of the base of the tongue origin. No such association was observed for tonsillar SCC (P = 0.65). The primary mechanism of cyst formation was cystic degeneration.  (+info)

Solitary nodal metastases presenting as branchial cysts: a diagnostic pitfall. (2/35)

Two patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma are presented. Both were initially clinically diagnosed as branchial cysts. The importance of a full examination of the upper aerodigestive tract, and fine needle aspiration cytology is emphasised to avoid the possibility of excision as a branchial cyst, which could lead to tumour dissemination.  (+info)

Second branchial cleft cysts: variability of sonographic appearances in adult cases. (3/35)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous reports have suggested that second branchial cleft cysts (BCCs) appear on sonograms as well-defined, cystic masses with thin walls and posterior enhancement. Previous CT and MR imaging findings, however, have indicated heterogeneity of these masses, and, in our experience, sonography also shows a similar variable appearance. In this communication, we report the cases of 17 patients with second BCCs and document the variability of sonographic patterns. METHODS: The sonograms of 17 adults with second BCCs were reviewed. Only patients with surgical or cytologic evidence of BCCs were included in this study. The features evaluated were the location, internal echogenicity, posterior enhancement, and presence of septa and fistulous tract. RESULTS: Four patterns of second BCCs were identified: anechoic (41%), homogeneously hypoechoic with internal debris (23.5%), pseudosolid (12%), and heterogeneous (23.5%). The majority (70%) showed posterior enhancement. All were situated in their classical location, posterior to the submandibular gland, superficial to the carotid artery and internal jugular vein, and closely related to the medial and anterior margin of the sternomastoid muscle. Fourteen (82%) of the 17 BCCs had imperceptible walls, and all were well defined. For none of the patients was a fistulous tract revealed by sonography; the presence of internal septations was revealed for three patients. CONCLUSION: As previously suggested by CT and MR imaging findings, sonography reinforces that second BCCs in adults are not simple cysts but have a complex sonographic pattern ranging from a typical anechoic to a pseudosolid appearance.  (+info)

Intrathyroidal lymphoepithelial (branchial) cyst: sonographic features of a rare lesion. (4/35)

Intrathyroidal lymphoepithelial cysts are rare, and only 15 such cases have been reported. Although sonography has been performed in some cases, the findings have not been discussed previously. Despite its rarity, the sonographic appearances of this lesion are similar to those of other commonly encountered congenital cystic lesions in the head and neck, such as thyroglossal duct cysts and second branchial cleft cysts, and this may provide a clue to its diagnosis. We describe the sonographic appearances of intrathyroidal lymphoepithelial cysts.  (+info)

Parapharyngeal second branchial cyst manifesting as cranial nerve palsies: MR findings. (5/35)

SUMMARY: We report the MR findings of parapharyngeal branchial cleft cyst manifesting as multiple, lower cranial nerve palsies in a 35-year-old woman. On MR images, a well-marginated cystic mass was detected in the right parapharyngeal space, with displacement of both the right internal carotid artery and the right internal jugular vein on the posterolateral side. The cyst contained a whitish fluid that was slightly hyperintense on T1-weighted images and slightly hypointense to CSF on T2-weighted images. No enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images was present. The right side of the tongue showed high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, suggesting denervation.  (+info)

Infected branchial cleft cyst due to Bordetella bronchiseptica in an immunocompetent patient. (6/35)

A healthy 23-year-old man with fever and a tender mass in his right anterior neck was found to have a branchial cleft cyst infected with Bordetella bronchiseptica. Initial testing suggested a Brucella species, but further laboratory testing identified the organism definitively. B. bronchiseptica infection in healthy adults is an unusual event.  (+info)

A case of second branchial cleft cyst with oropharyngeal presentation. (7/35)

Second branchial cleft cysts are the most common type of branchial abnormalities and usually found high in the neck. Oropharyngeal presence of branchial cleft cyst is very rare. We report a case of oropharyngeal branchial cleft cyst in 2-yr-old girl with about 1 x 1 cm sized cystic mass, which had not any specific symptom. It was removed completely under impression of mucocele and did not have tract-like structure. However, cyst had a squamous epithelium-lined wall with lymphoid aggregation in histopathologic study, which was characteristic finding of branchial cleft cyst. Patient discharged without any complication and there was no evidence of recurrence for 18 months follow-up. We review reported oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal presentation of these cases in English literature and embryological explanation.  (+info)

Pathological analysis of congenital cervical cysts in children: 20 years of experience at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. (8/35)

BACKGROUND: Congenital cervical cysts are frequently encountered in pediatric populations, and constitute one of the most intriguing areas of pediatric pathology. This report analyzes cervical cysts in Taiwanese children diagnosed at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) over the past 20 years. The pathologic and clinical findings are reviewed. METHODS: Files on 331 patients under the age of 18 years, with a diagnosis of congenital cervical cyst at CGMH from January 1, 1983 to June 30, 2002, were retrieved from the Department of Pathology. There were 204 boys and 127 girls. We reviewed the histology of all cases and correlated it with clinical information in the medical records. RESULTS: Thyroglossal duct cysts, the most common congenital neck cyst, accounted for 54.68% of all cases, followed by cystic hygromas (25.08%), branchial cleft cysts (16.31%), bronchogenic cysts (0.91%), and thymic cysts (0.30%). Nine cases (2.72%) remained unclassified. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest series regarding pediatric cervical cysts in the literature to date. Thyroglossal duct cysts were the most common congenital cervical cyst encountered. Our experience indicates that each type of cyst has its unique location in the neck and is highly associated with its embryonic origin. Complete and precise clinical information is a prerequisite in order for pathologists to make accurate diagnoses of congenital cervical cysts.  (+info)

Description of disease Branchial cleft cyst. Treatment Branchial cleft cyst. Symptoms and causes Branchial cleft cyst Prophylaxis Branchial cleft cyst
A branchial cleft cyst is a cyst in the skin of the lateral part of the neck. It can but does not necessarily have an opening to the skin surface called a fistula. The cause is usually a developmental abnormality arising in the early prenatal period, typically failure of obliteration of the second branchial cleft, i.e. failure of fusion of the second and third branchial arches. Less commonly, the cysts can develop from the first, third, or fourth clefts, and their location and the location of associated fistulas differs accordingly. Most branchial cleft cysts present as a smooth, slowly enlarging lateral neck mass that may increase in size after an upper respiratory tract infection. The fistulas, when present, are asymptomatic, but may become infected. Branchial cleft cysts are remnants of embryonic development and result from a failure of obliteration of one of the branchial clefts, which are homologous to the structures in fish that develop into gills. The cyst wall is composed of either ...
Branchial cleft cysts are the most common congenital neck mass, they appear in early adulthood, usually as painless slow-growing neck swelling as in this patient. Complications include haemorrhage and secondary infection.
Thyroid Cancer No More Surgery 101: Ethanol Ablation for Of A large Congenital Rest Branchial Cleft Cyst Causing Choking in Patient with Papillary Thyroid Cancer PTC. Not Everything in the Neck is a Recurrence of cancer and needs more radiation or surgery.. Case History: Branchial Cleft Cyst Mascarading as a Recurrent thyroid cancer. 61 Y/O F with PTC 4 years before she saw me for choking sensation in the neck with a large mass that was firm to hard.She had prior 600 MCI RAI/131 and 2 thyroid surgeries for a 1 cm PTC and a neck dissection with 28 lymph nodes positive for cancer but the cyst was not removed!. She presented with the 4.3 cm cyst one year before she came to the USA to see me for non-invasive ethanol ablation.The cyst was only 1 cm when she first presented to with thyroid cancer 4 years prior. Her thyroid function tests including TSH were normal and she had low level TG of 2.1 and TGab of 3.9. She still had thyroid cancer persistence by marker testing. However, my evaluation found ...
Second branchial cleft remnants account for the majority of branchial cleft abnormalities. Embryologically, the second arch overgrows the second, third, and fourth branchial clefts. This process results in expansion of the second branchial cleft into an elongated common cavity, called the cervical sinus of His, which is obliterated shortly after its formation. Various degrees of incomplete closure of the sinus lead to anomalies of the second branchial cleft. Anomalies can occur anywhere along an embryologically defined tract that extends from the external opening, the anterior border of the junction of the middle and lower thirds of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, passes between the internal and external carotid arteries superficial to cranial nerves IX and XII, and enters the oropharyngeal tonsillar fossa (1, 2). The parapharyngeal space is a very rare location for a branchial cleft cyst. This rare location superior to the tonsillar fossa can best be explained by the fact that a second ...
First branchial cleft anomalies are uncommon and comprise 1%-8% of all branchial cleft anomalies.1 They often present in the first two decades of life and present a clinical challenge as they can easily be misdiagnosed and thus inappropriately treated. They are thought to arise as a result of developmental abnormalities of the branchial apparatus and may take the form of a cyst, sinus, or fistula.2. Clinically they may present with repeated episodes of infection of the lesion. This may manifest itself with a cystic swelling or discharge from a fistulous opening either pre-auricularly or post-auricularly, in the cheek, or high in the neck. A thorough otological examination should be performed in all cases and may reveal a pit visible in the external canal at the site of entrance of a sinus or fistula. Such a lesion may result in otorrhoea or otitis externa with infective exacerbations. The meatus may be found to be partially or completely obstructed by bulging of the canal wall because of a ...
Thymic cyst: a fourth branchial cleft anomaly.: We report a unique case of a fourth branchial cleft cyst found within the thymus of an adult patient. In the lit
My wife has had a branchial cleft cyst for over a year now. When we first had it checked out the Dr. said that it may eventually have to be removed by surgery, if it became inflammed and infected. About three months ago it began to swell and it became very large so we went back to the Dr. and he told her it had to be removed. I began to treat it with herbal decoctions using dandelion root, yarrow, marshmallow root and a couple of different combinations and reduced the swelling dramatically. She got tired of drinking the decoctions so I began just using the capsulized form of the herbs which I dont think is working as well. Its still there but weve been able to keep it down. My question is: Does anyone have any further ideas of what we might do to reduce it even more. For instance detox, or perhaps even some kind of topical application ...
Trans-oral endoscopic approach to exposure of a type IV branchial cleft anomaly sinus tract in the left piriform recess and closure using cauterization and tisseel application. Contributors:Yi-Chun Carol Liu
Branchial cysts within the parotid salivary gland : Cystic lesions within the parotid gland are uncommon and clinically they are frequently misdiagnosed as tumours. Many theories have been proposed as to their embryological origin. A 20-year retrospective review was undertaken of all pathological codes (SNOMED) of all of patients presenting with any parotid lesions requiring surgery. After analysis seven subjects were found to have
TY - JOUR. T1 - Endoscopic cauterization for treatment of fourth branchial cleft sinuses. AU - Jordan, Jennifer A.. AU - Graves, Joe E.. AU - Manning, Scott C.. AU - McClay, John E.. AU - Biavati, Michael J.. PY - 1998/9. Y1 - 1998/9. N2 - Fourth branchial cleft sinuses are rare, and the nature of their origin is controversial. Clinical presentation is varied because they may present as asymptomatic neck masses, recurrent neck abscesses, or suppurative thyroiditis. We describe herein 7 children who presented with abscesses on the left side of their necks, 3 of whom had abscesses that involved the thyroid gland. Direct laryngoscopy revealed that all 7 children had a sinus tract opening into the apex of the piriform sinus. Endoscopic obliteration of this tract was achieved using an insulated electrocautery probe either when the abscess was initially incised and drained or 4 to 6 weeks later. All 7 children recovered uneventfully. Four of the 7 children were followed up for more than 18 months ...
Branchial cyst EBV Neoplasia. LYMPHADENOPATHY. Your new best friend! LOCAL OR GENERALISED? ... BRANCHIAL CYST Embryological remnant hence in young adults ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: f7c3a-NzFhY
Hi jtl. Im a bit of an odd case to be honest - I did have a node involved but it was removed in the belief it was a branchial cyst. After they found MEC I have had a recent selective dissection to check if it had spread and all the other nodes were clean. So Im free of node involvement now. My difference is there is no primary to be found; Ive had PET, CT, MRI and nothing. They took a tonsil and section from my BOT with the dissection to try to find it as those are hiding places from PET because of the other activity but nothing, all clear.. Also usually PET finds cancer in the major parotid gland very easily but no sign there either. They have two theories - firstly that the original tumor might have actually been the primary as you can find salivary glands in nodes. Second my immune system may have dealt with the primary. Aside from all the surgery Ive had no treatment and am just having 4 monthly scans now for 12 months.. My onc says with the nodes now sorted, the grade and the primary if ...
Highlights Branchial cyst excision endoscopy. Axillary approach-no neck incision. First ever in a child. Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports Abstract This is the case report of a three-year-old female Arab child who presented with a neck swelling since one year of age. Physical examination was suggestive of a 6 × 4 cm swelling in the right lateral neck, which […]. ...
A human embryo of the fourth week. I, the chorion; 3, part of the amnion; 4, umbilical vesicle with its long pedicle passing into the abdomen; 7, the heart; 8, the liver; 9, the visceral arch destined to form the lower jaw, beneath which are two other visceral arches separated by the branchial clefts; 10, rudiment of the upper extremity, 11, that of the lower extremity; 12, the umbilical cord; 15, the eye; 16, the ear; 17, cerebral hemispheres; 18, optic lobes, corpora quadrigemina.. ...
The Use of Holy Offerings - The LORD spoke to Moses, saying: Direct Aaron and his sons to deal carefully with the sacred donations of the people of
The diagnosis of a thyroglossal duct cyst is often apparent when it presents with typical findings. We report a case of a 6 year-old girl with a low-lying thyroglossal duct cyst presenting with recurrent lateral cervical discharge without palpable mass, thus mimicking a second branchial cleft fistula. CT scan differentiated the lesion from a second branchial cleft fistula, and a standard Sistrunk procedure cured the lesion. In patients who show lateral cervical discharge without definite mass, therefore mimicking a second branchial cleft fistula, a low-lying thyroglossal duct cyst should be considered.
A monomorphic population of anucleated squamous cells may suggest an epidermal inclusion cyst, trichilemmal cyst or a branchial cleft cyst. Epidermal inclusion cysts most often show well-delineated anucleated squamous cells lying singly and in clumps, as opposed to the irregular and degenerated anucleated squames of pilomatrixoma. A foreign body granulomatous reaction may be present if an epidermal cyst has ruptured. However, basaloid cells are rarely, if ever, identified in these cysts. Trichilemmal cysts usually occur on the scalp and yield groups of mature basaloid cells with more abundant and dense cytoplasm. Branchial cleft cyst typically yields cloudy fluid containing a mixture of inflammatory cells, histiocytes, nucleated and anucleated squamous cells and columnar cells ...
90% Thyroglossal cysts lie in the midline. Commonest site for thyroglossal cyst-Subhyoid.. Atypical thyroglossal cysts are usually found on left side.. Thyroglossal cyst is the commonest congenital neck swelling.. Commonest cause of recurrence is the failure to remove body of hyoid.. Treatment of papillary Ca of thyroglossal cyst-Sistrunks+Post op TSH suppression+Eltroxin. ...
A pharyngeal groove (or branchial groove, or pharyngeal cleft) is made up of ectoderm unlike its counterpart the pharyngeal pouch on the endodermal side. The first pharyngeal groove produces the external auditory meatus (ear canal). The rest (2, 3, and 4) are overlapped by the growing 2nd pharyngeal arch, and form the floor of the depression termed the cervical sinus, which opens ventrally, and is finally obliterated. Branchial cleft cyst musom.marshall.edu. Retrieved 2009-05-28. http://isc.temple.edu/marino/embryology/parch98/ARCHI97/Img016. ...
The differential diagnosis of the imaging appearance of NTM infection includes bacterial adenitis, tuberculous adenitis, cat-scratch disease, fungal infection, tularemia, brucellosis, infected branchial cleft cyst, infected lymphatic malformation, treated lymphoma, and other necrotic neoplasms (3, 8). The treatment of choice for NTM adenitis is excision of the affected lymph nodes. Therefore, it is important to distinguish this condition from bacterial adenitis that is usually treated with incision and drainage. In contrast to NTM, common forms of bacterial adenitis and cat-scratch disease tend to produce painful unilateral or bilateral enhancing lymph nodes, which may appear as low attenuation on CT scans if necrotic (15). Extensive stranding of the adjacent subcutaneous fat is a common associated finding.. Tuberculosis usually produces painless bilateral posterior triangle and internal jugular adenitis. Unlike our patients with NTM, tuberculous adenitis typically is seen in a child who is ...
Rathke cleft cyst: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on Rathke cleft cyst at PatientsLikeMe. 12 patients with Rathke cleft cyst experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Escitalopram to treat their Rathke cleft cyst and its symptoms.
Are you looking for the Best Pediatric diseases treatment hospital in Hyderabad? To treat All kinds of Pediatric diseases and conditions (Fistula, Thyroglossal cyst, Neuroblastoma, Gastroschisis, Spina bifida, Branchial cyst, etc.). Contact Yashoda Hospitals Now.
Neurosurgical FOCUS, Volume 31, Issue 1, Page E3, July 2011.. Arman Jahangiri, B.S., Annette M. Molinaro, Ph.D., Phiroz E. Tarapore, M.D., Lewis Blevins Jr., M.D., Kurtis I. Auguste, M.D., Nalin Gupta, M.D., Ph.D., Sandeep Kunwar, M.D., and Manish K. Aghi, M.D., Ph.D.. Object. Rathke cleft cysts (RCC) are benign sellar lesions most often found in adults, and more infrequently in children. They are generally asymptomatic but sometimes require surgical treatment through a transsphenoidal corridor. The purpose of this study was to compare adult versus pediatric cases of RCC.. Methods. The authors retrospectively reviewed presenting symptoms, MR imaging findings, laboratory study results, and pathological findings in 147 adult and 14 pediatric patients who underwent surgery for treatment of RCCs at the University of Californial at San Francisco between 1996 and 2008.. Results. In both the adult and pediatric groups, most patients were female (78% of adults, 79% of pediatric patients, p = 0.9). ...
Often, Rathke cleft cysts do not cause symptoms and are discovered while a person is undergoing a magnetic resonance scan (MRI) being used to diagnose something else, such as after an accident, head trauma, or unexplained vision problems or headaches. Symptoms occur only when the lesion grows and compresses nearby nerves and structures.
The specialists at the Pituitary and Neuroendocrine Program at Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Center are highly skilled in the most advanced procedures for treating Rathke cleft cysts. Our relationship with NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital allows our doctors and surgeons access to the very best facilities and specialists, as well as the most leading-edge research laboratories, to ensure that you get the very best treatment available.
Suprise, suprise, liberals lie yet again. link No matter what they say-Rathkes cleft cyst are considered a kind of a pituitary tumor by many brain surgeons and she was having increasing vision problems---and was told she needed to wait several months to see a neurosurgeon in Canada. I dont care what they say, thats unacceptable and no matter that what the dems are proposing-that it is different than the Canadian system it still will involve rationing and increasing wait times
It is very common for children to have enlarged tonsils and adenoids. These are almost always from an infection or inflammation. It is very rare that children develop a cancer, lymphoma, or sarcoma of these areas. When the tonsils, adenoids, or other areas of the mouth or throat remain enlarged or are enlarged on only one side, it is important to have an evaluation by a specialist in ear, nose and throat or otolaryngology-head and neck surgery.. The lymph nodes of the neck region may become enlarged during childhood. Most of the time, this is reactive in nature and related to inflammation or infection. However, if the lymph nodes remain enlarged for a period of time without going away, it is important to have an otolaryngologist-head and neck surgeon evaluate the problem.. Other benign growths in the face and neck include cysts (fluid collection) such as branchial cleft cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, cystic hygroma, and dermoid cysts. These often require removal due to their continued growth and ...
Final Diagnosis: Suprasellar cyst, resection: consistent with Rathkes cleft cyst.Gross Description: The specimen is received in a single container labelled with the patients demographics and SUPRASELLAR CYST. It consists of multiple fragments o...
Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) are non-neoplastic sellar lesions derived from remnants of Rathke s pouch, and mostly asymptomatic. Symptomatic RCCs occur usually in middle-age, are ,1 cm, and cause pituitary hypofunction, diabetes insipidus, hyperprolactinemia or visual impairment. In children, RCCs are rare and usually asymptomatic. However, symptomatic cases may present with growth retardation and diabetes insipidus. We report two children with symptomatic RCC manifesting as growth retardation.. First case: A 14-year-old boy was admitted because of growth retardation (S.D.S. height −2.5) and delayed puberty. Serum levels of SmC (21 ng/ml), cortisol (4.23 μg/dl), fT4 (0.61 ng/dl) and T3 (0.8 ng/ml) were low, TSH (1.84 μIU/ml) was normal and PRL (2556 μIU/ml) elevated. Stimulation tests of growth hormone (GH) secretion showed low GH (GHmax 1.6 ng/ml). Pituitary MRI revealed an intra- and suprasellar mass 1.2×3.8×2.3 cm with solid and cystic elements. Visual fields were normal. After the start ...
This patient presented with hyperprolactinemia. MRI reveals T1/T2 hyperintense lesion in the left posterior aspect of the pituitary with convex superior margin with minimal enhancement on post contrast scans. The pituitary stalk is deviated to right. Fluid level is noted in the axial section. The optic chiasm & cavernous sinus appears normal. No parasellar abnormality. Differentials include first differential of rathkes cleft cyst versus other possibility of cystic adenoma. Rathkes cleft cysts are nonneoplastic, sellar or suprasellar epithelium-lined cysts arising from the embryologic remnants of Rathkes pouch in the pituitary gland. Hyperprolactinemia in Rathke cleft cyst is due infundibular stalk compression. ...
Surgical Spectrum and Scope. Open Surgeries:. Basic General Surgery: Wound suturing and debridement, I&D in superficial and deep abscesses, Excision of Swellings, cysts, lumps, nails, Surgical procedures for foot ulcers, leg ulcers, and diabetic foot lesions, Surgical procedures for necrotizing fasciitis, Cellulitis, synergistic and gas gangrene, fasciotomies. Head and Neck surgery: Oral cavity cysts and swellings excision, Cervical lymph node excision, Superficial/Total Parotidectomy, Submandibular salivary gland surgery, Cervico-thoracic Sympathectomy, Cervical / first rib resection, Anterior scalenotomy, Branchial cyst excision. Endocrine: Thyroglossal cyst / fistula excision, Hemi and Total Thyroidectomy, Parathyroid surgery (adenoma removal, 4 gland excision), Adrenal surgery. Breast: Simple Mastectomy (Gynaecomastia), Radical and Modified Radical Mastectomy, Excision of Fibroadenoma, Operations for Fibroadenosis, Breast Abscess. Vascular:. Venous: Varicose Vein surgery (Trendelenberg ...
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is characterized by branchial cleft fistulas or cysts, sensorineural and/or conductive hearing loss, pre-auricular pits, structural defects of the outer, middle or inner ear, and renal malformations. BOR sydrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner; approximately 10% of causative variants are de novo.. The Branchio-Oto-Renal Subpanel includes three genes. Our customizable targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel uses Agilent SureSelect™ target enrichment and Illumina HiSeq sequencing. NGS technology is ideal for diagnostic testing of these disorders due to the extreme locus heterogeneity and phenotype overlap of the genes involved. The sensitivity of this panel is estimated at 99% for single-base substitutions.. If indicated, Sanger sequencing may be performed in both directions using BigDye Terminator chemistry with the ABI 3730 DNA analyzer with target specific amplicons. It may also be used to supplement specific guaranteed target regions ...
Editor-The branchio-oculo-facial syndrome (BOFS) is characterised by a branchial cleft sinus or linear skin lesion behind the ear, lacrimal duct obstruction, colobomata of the iris/retina, hypertrophy of the lateral pillars of the philtrum (pseudocleft), an asymmetrical nose with a broad tip, and auricular and lip pits. Premature greying of the hair is also observed.1 Inheritance is autosomal dominant (OMIM 113620).2 Several anomalies common to both BOF and BOR (branchio-oto-renal) syndromes have been reported.3 McCool and Weaver4 reported three cases with BOF and unilateral renal agenesis. This anomaly is not frequent in BOFS but is characteristic for patients with BOR, and hence a contiguous gene syndrome or the presence of different mutations within a single gene have been suggested.4 Recently, the BOR gene was identified by positional cloning on chromosome 8q13.3 and mapped between markers D8S1060 and D8S1807.5 The gene was named eyes absent-like 1 (EYA1), the human homologue of the ...
Objective: To investigate the usefulness and effectiveness of multi-slice spiral computerized tomographic fistulography (MSCTF) in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital fistula of neck. Methods: Thirty-four patients with thyroglossal fistulasor branchial cleft fistulas who were initial treated from July 2008 to August 2015 in Fujian Provincial Hospital were retrospectively analyses. Thirteen males and 21 females patients aging from 3 to 46 years old with a median age of 37 were included. There were thyroglossal fistula in 6 cases, the first branchialcleft fistula in 9 cases, the second branchialcleft fistula in 3 cases, the third branchialcleft fistula in 9 cases, and the fourth branchialcleft fistula in 7 cases ...
Branchiootic syndrome 1 (BOS1) [MIM:602588]: A syndrome characterized by usually bilateral branchial cleft fistulas or cysts, sensorineural and/or conductive hearing loss, pre-auricular pits, and structural defects of the outer, middle or inner ear. Otic defects include malformed and hypoplastic pinnae, a narrowed external ear canal, bulbous internal auditory canal, stapes fixation, malformed and hypoplastic cochlea. Branchial and otic anomalies overlap with those seen in individuals with the branchiootorenal syndrome. However renal anomalies are absent in branchiootic syndrome patients. {ECO:0000269,PubMed:12701758, ECO:0000269,PubMed:16691597, ECO:0000269,PubMed:9359046}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry ...
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Dr. Daniel Kelly Presents Strategies for Maximizing Tumor Removal and Gland Preservation for Pituitary Adenomas and Rathkes Cleft Cysts. Find out more.
Dr Gordon Sun presents common causes of neck masses in adult and pediatric patients and discusses appropriate initial imaging studies for each patient population.
Neck masses are common problems in infants and children. Some neck masses are congenital (present at birth) and result from abnormal formation during embryonic development. Many neck masses appear with an upper respiratory infection such as a cold or sinus infection. Some are not found until they become enlarged and painful from infection. Although a neck mass can involve other structures in the head and neck area, most are benign (noncancerous). Cancerous neck masses are rare in young infants and children, but occasionally a mass is diagnosed as Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin disease-both cancers of the lymphatic system.. Your childs physician will consider many factors when diagnosing a neck mass, including the following:. ...
Last updated: 8/5/2016. Cause. The cause of these tumors is not well understood; however, researchers suspect that they begin during the early stages of development in pregnancy (embryogenesis) and may result from metaplasia (abnormal transformation of cells). Craniopharyngiomas are thought to arise from epithelial remnants of the craniopharyngeal duct or Rathkes pouch, which are developmental structures related to gut (stomach) formation. Embryonic cells (early fetal cells) from abnormal development of the craniopharyngeal duct or anterior pituitary gland may give rise to a craniopharyngioma. These tumors are closely related to another cystic mass occasionally seen in the pituitary called Rathkes cleft cyst.[3][4][5]. Last updated: 8/5/2016. Treatment. There are several different types of treatment for craniopharyngiomas which may include a combination of the following: surgery to remove the full or partial tumor (resection), radiation therapy, cyst drainage, chemotherapy, and biologic ...
Case Presentation A 34-year-old man presented with worsening neck pain and an enlarging neck mass. Physical examination demonstrated a palpable left neck mas...
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List of 43 disease causes of Neck mass in children, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Neck mass in children.
Learn about neck mass pain treatments at Pediatric ENT Associates. Visit our expert neck doctors in Alabama to schedule an appointment with ENT experts.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spontaneous pituitary adenoma occurring after resection of a Rathkes cleft cyst. AU - Chaudhry, Nauman S.. AU - Raber, Michael R.. AU - Cote, David J.. AU - Laws, Edward R.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2016/11/1. Y1 - 2016/11/1. N2 - Rathkes cleft cysts (RCC) are benign cystic lesions that originate from remnants of the epithelial lining of Rathkes pouch. RCC are known rarely to occur together with a concomitant pituitary adenoma. Here, we report a patient with a pituitary adenoma arising in the same location as a previously-resected RCC, 3 years post-operatively, and review the literature of collision sellar lesions. Consecutive transsphenoidal operations from a single-center between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed to identify patients with pituitary adenoma arising after surgical resection of RCC, and a systematic search of the literature was also performed to identify such patient reports, ...
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases ... Branchioma (Branchial Cyst; Branchial Cleft Cyst). A tumor derived from branchial epithelium or branchial rests. (Dorland, 27th ... Detailed information through a personalized searchRanked list of diseases related to "Branchioma"Drugs, active principles and " ...
Ontology: Branchioma. (C0006131) Definition (MSH) A tumor derived from branchial epithelium or branchial rests. (Dorland, 27th ... Branchial Cyst, Branchioma, Branchiomas, Cysts, Branchial, Branchial Cleft Cyst, Branchial Cleft Cysts, Cleft Cyst, Branchial, ... Branchioma [Disease/Finding], branchial cleft cyst, Cyst;branchial, cyst branchial cleft, branchial cysts, branchial cleft ... Branchioma (morphologic abnormality), branchial cleft; cyst, cyst; branchial cleft, Cyst of Branchial Cleft, Cyst of the ...
Branchioma / diagnosis*, surgery*. Diagnosis, Differential. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis*, surgery*. Humans. Male. ...
... branchioma; malignant carcinoid syndrome; carcinoid heart disease; carcinoma (for example Walkers carcinoma, basal cell ...
Martin H, Morfit HM, Ehrlich H. The case for branchiogenic cancer (malignant branchioma). Ann Surg. 1950 Nov. 132(5):867-87. [ ...
... branchioma, malignant carcinoid syndrome, carcinoid heart disease, carcinoma (e.g., Walker, basal cell, basosquamous, Brown- ...
... branchioma, malignant carcinoid syndrome, carcinoid heart disease, carcinoma (e.g., Walker, basal cell, basosquamous, Brown- ...
Branchioma. 36. + + +. 4. Mucocele. 36. + + +. 5. Bronchogenic Cyst. 35. + + +. 6. Thyroglossal Cyst. 32. + + +. ...
Aubert, B., Barate, R., Boutigny, D., Couderc, F., Del Amo Sanchez, P., Gaillard, J. M., Hicheur, A., Karyotakis, Y., Lees, J. P., Poireau, V., Prudent, X., Robbe, P., Tisserand, V., Zghiche, A., Grauges, E., Garra Tico, J., Lopez, L., Martinelli, M., Palano, A., Pappagallo, M. & 1,064 others, Pompili, A., Chen, G. P., Chen, J. C., Qi, N. D., Rong, G., Wang, P., Zhu, Y. S., Eigen, G., Stugu, B., Sun, L., Abrams, G. S., Battaglia, M., Borgland, A. W., Breon, A. B., Brown, D. N., Button-Shafer, J., Cahn, R. N., Charles, E., Clark, A. R., Day, C. T., Furman, M., Gill, M. S., Groysman, Y., Jacobsen, R. G., Kadel, R. W., Kadyk, J. A., Kerth, L. T., Kolomensky, Y. G., Kral, J. F., Kukartsev, G., Leclerc, C., Levi, M. E., Lynch, G., Merchant, A. M., Mir, L. M., Oddone, P. J., Orimoto, T. J., Osipenkov, I. L., Pripstein, M., Roe, N. A., Romosan, A., Ronan, M. T., Shelkov, V. G., Suzuki, A., Tackmann, K., Tanabe, T., Wenzel, W. A., Zisman, M., Barrett, M., Bright-Thomas, P. G., Ford, K. E., Harrison, T. ...
Branchioma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. *[Email] Email this result item ...
Biphenotypic Branchioma.. Kimiya Sato, Lester D R Thompson, Kosuke Miyai, Takako Kono, Hitoshi Tsuda ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Branchial remnant cysts of mature and juvenile horses. AU - Nolen-Walston, R. D.. AU - Parente, E. J.. AU - Madigan, John E. AU - David, F.. AU - Knafo, S. E.. AU - Engiles, J. B.. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - This clinical report describes 8 cases of branchial remnant cysts (BRC) in the horse. The horses presented with bimodal age distribution, with 5 cases in mature horses (age 8-21 years) and 3 in foals (age 1, 6 and 10 months). Mature cases presented for dysphagia or intermittent oesophageal obstruction (2/5), and retropharyngeal swelling (3/5), whereas respiratory stridor and visible mass were presenting complaints in the foals. Presence of a right-sided (5/8) or dorsally located (2/8) palpable retropharyngeal mass of 3-35 cm diameter was noted clinically; one left-sided mass was identified as an incidental finding at necropsy. Ultrasonography typically revealed a thick-walled cyst containing hypoechoic fluid with dependent hyperechoic masses consistent with blood clots. ...
Branchioma Medicine & Life Sciences * Middle Cranial Fossa Medicine & Life Sciences * Child Medicine & Life Sciences ...
Qin, L., Kao, Y. W., Lin, Y. L., Peng, B. Y., Deng, W. P., Chen, T. M., Lin, K. C., Yuan, K. S. P., Wu, A. T. H., Shia, B. C. & Wu, S. Y., Jan 1 2018, In : Cancer Management and Research. 10, p. 3273-3281 9 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
on behalf of the, Neonatal Research Network of Japan (NRNJ) Sapporo City General Hospital, Asahikawa Kosei General Hospital, Engaru-Kosei General Hospital, Kushiro Red Cross Hospital, Obihiro-Kosei General Hospital, Tenshi Hospital, NTT Higashinihon Sapporo Hospital, Nikko Memorial Hospital, Nayoro City General Hospital, Sapporo Medical University, Asahikawa Medical University, Aomori Prefectural Central Hospital, Iwate Medical University, Iwate Prefectural Ofunato Hospital, Iwate Prefectural Kuji Hospital, Iwate Prefectural Ninohe Hospital, Sendai Red Cross Hospital, Akita Red Cross Hospital, Tsuruoka Municipal Shonai Hospital & 184 others, Yamagata University, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital, Fukushima Medical University, Takeda General Hospital, Fukushima National Hospital, Tsukuba University, Tsuchiura Kyodo Hospital, Ibaraki Childrens Hospital, Dokkyo Medical University, Jichi Medical University, Ashikaga Red Cross Hospital, Gunma Childrens Medical Center, Kiryu Kosei General ...
Define branchiopadous. branchiopadous synonyms, branchiopadous pronunciation, branchiopadous translation, English dictionary definition of branchiopadous. n. Any of various aquatic crustaceans of the class Branchiopoda, such as the fairy shrimp and the water flea, characterized by a segmented body and...
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Teh, L. K., Mohamed, N. I., Salleh, M. Z., Muhammad, R., Abdullah Suhaimi, S. N., Jasmin, S. J., Shia, J. K. S., Roslan, H., Sood, S., Rajoo, T. S., Muniandy, S. P., Henry, G., Ngow, H. A., Hla U, K. T. & Din, J., Mar 2012, In : AAPS Journal. 14, 1, p. 52-59 8 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Endoscope-assisted approach to excision of branchial cleft cysts. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Shetty, A. K., Begue, R. E., Coffman, K., White-Sims, S. T. & Steele, R. W., 01-05-1998, In: Infections in Medicine. 15, 5, p. 323-325 3 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review ...
Lu, M. Y., Liao, Y. W., Chen, P. Y., Hsieh, P. L., Fang, C. Y., Wu, C. Y., Yen, M. L., Peng, B. Y., Wang, D. P., Cheng, H. C., Wu, C. Z., Shih, Y. H., Wang, D. J., Yu, C. C. & Tsai, L. L., 一月 1 2017, 於 : Oncotarget. 8, 58, p. 98542-98552 11 p.. 研究成果: 雜誌貢獻 › 文章 ...
Branchial Region , Branchioma , Fistula 5. Influence of corticoids on the production of glomerulopressin by isolated rat liver ...
Branchioma (morphologic abnormality). Code System Preferred Concept Name. Branchioma (morphologic abnormality). Concept Status ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Efficacy of OK-432 local injection for the treatment of a neonatal branchial cleft cyst. T2 - A case report. AU - Taguchi, Shohei. AU - Tatsuta, Kyousuke. AU - Ieiri, Satoshi. AU - Taguchi, Tomoaki. AU - Suita, Sachiyo. PY - 2005/12. Y1 - 2005/12. N2 - We herein present a case of a neonatal cervical cyst, which was diagnosed prenatally, and markedly decreased in size and disappeared after a local injection therapy of OK-432. A 0-day-old boy had an abnormal prenatal ultrasonography scan suggestive of rt. cervical cyst, measuring about 25 mm in diameter at 29 weeks gestation. At birth, an elastic soft mass, measuring about 30 mm in diameter, was found on the right side of his neck. Computed tomography (CT) scans showed a giant cyst, which extended from the upper level of epipharynx to the upper mediastinum, and the contents were air and fluid. At 20 days of age, ultrasonography (US)-guided needle aspiration was performed. The aspirated fluid contained no epithelial cells, but many ...
Tran, S. & Chin, A. C., Jan 1 2017, Surgery of the Liver, Bile Ducts and Pancreas in Children, Third Edition. CRC Press, p. 167-176 10 p.. Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter ...
Tsai, S. T., Wong, T. Y., Ou, C. Y., Fang, S. Y., Chen, K. C., Hsiao, J. R., Huang, C. C., Lee, W. T., Lo, H. I., Huang, J. S., Wu, J. L., Yen, C. J., Hsueh, W. T., Wu, Y. H., Yang, M. W., Lin, F. C., Chang, J. Y., Chang, K. Y., Wu, S. Y., Liao, H. C. & 5 others, Lin, C. L., Wang, Y. H., Weng, Y. L., Yang, H. C. & Chang, J. S., 2014 Nov 15, In: International Journal of Cancer. 135, 10, p. 2424-2436 13 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review ...
Sidossis, L. S., Porter, C., Saraf, M. K., Børsheim, E., Radhakrishnan, R. S., Chao, T., Ali, A., Chondronikola, M., Mlcak, R., Finnerty, C. C., Hawkins, H. K., Toliver-Kinsky, T. & Herndon, D. N., Aug 4 2015, In : Cell Metabolism. 22, 2, p. 219-227 9 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Branchioma. 1 , 3 Branchiootic syndrome. 1 , 12 Cardiomegaly. 1 , 116 Cardiomyopathies. 1 , 110 ...
Branchioma (0) * Breast Cyst (0) * Bronchogenic Cyst (0) * Chalazion (1) * Choledochal Cyst (0) ...
  • Author(s): Senn, Nicholas, 1844-1908, author Publication: Chicago : A. G. Newell, Printer, 1884 Subject(s): Branchioma Head and Neck Neoplasms -- pathology Neck -- pathology 3. (testnskill.com)
  • 6 Protistan Choanoflagellate Source: Freeman (2002) Sponge (Porifera) Water current out of sponge Choanoflagellate cell Sponge feeding cell Food particles Water current Water current into sponge Asymmetrical body plan: brown volcano sponge (Branchioma sp. (sciencedocbox.com)