Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Emotional Intelligence: The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.Wechsler Scales: Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.Brain Chemistry: Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.Brain Injuries: Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Stanford-Binet Test: An individual intelligence test designed primarily for school children to predict school performance and the ability to adjust to everyday demands.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Brain Edema: Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue. Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see HYPOXIA, BRAIN). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS). (From Childs Nerv Syst 1992 Sep; 8(6):301-6)Brain Stem: The part of the brain that connects the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES with the SPINAL CORD. It consists of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA.Intellectual Disability: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)Brain Damage, Chronic: A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Executive Function: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Head Injuries, Penetrating: Head injuries which feature compromise of the skull and dura mater. These may result from gunshot wounds (WOUNDS, GUNSHOT), stab wounds (WOUNDS, STAB), and other forms of trauma.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Learning Disorders: Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Machiavellianism: A personality dimension characterized by the manipulation of others.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Brain Abscess: A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)Memory, Short-Term: Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.Developmental Disabilities: Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Cognitive Reserve: Capacity that enables an individual to cope with and/or recover from the impact of a neural injury or a psychotic episode.Aptitude: The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Test Taking Skills: Skills and strategies, unrelated to the traits a test is intended to measure, that may increase test takers' scores -- may include the effects of coaching or experience in taking tests. (ERIC Thesaurus)Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Mental Processes: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Hypoxia, Brain: A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.Dyscalculia: Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.Phenylketonurias: A group of autosomal recessive disorders marked by a deficiency of the hepatic enzyme PHENYLALANINE HYDROXYLASE or less frequently by reduced activity of DIHYDROPTERIDINE REDUCTASE (i.e., atypical phenylketonuria). Classical phenylketonuria is caused by a severe deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase and presents in infancy with developmental delay; SEIZURES; skin HYPOPIGMENTATION; ECZEMA; and demyelination in the central nervous system. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p952).Aptitude Tests: Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.Blood-Brain Barrier: Specialized non-fenestrated tightly-joined ENDOTHELIAL CELLS with TIGHT JUNCTIONS that form a transport barrier for certain substances between the cerebral capillaries and the BRAIN tissue.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Bender-Gestalt Test: A psychological test consisting of nine geometric designs on cards. The subject is asked to redraw them from memory after each one is presented individually.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Asperger Syndrome: A disorder beginning in childhood whose essential features are persistent impairment in reciprocal social communication and social interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These symptoms may limit or impair everyday functioning. (From DSM-5)Creativity: The ability to generate new ideas or images.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Neural Networks (Computer): A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Child, Gifted: A child or adolescent who, when compared to others of the same age or experience, exhibits capability of high performance in intellectual, creative, or artistic areas, possesses an unusual capacity for leadership or excels in specific academic fields. (From PL 100-297, Sec. 4103, Definitions)Memory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Brain Infarction: Tissue NECROSIS in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Brain infarction is the result of a cascade of events initiated by inadequate blood flow through the brain that is followed by HYPOXIA and HYPOGLYCEMIA in brain tissue. Damage may be temporary, permanent, selective or pan-necrosis.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Dyslexia: A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)Drive: A state of internal activity of an organism that is a necessary condition before a given stimulus will elicit a class of responses; e.g., a certain level of hunger (drive) must be present before food will elicit an eating response.Nerve Tissue ProteinsMass Behavior: Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Deep Brain Stimulation: Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.Fuzzy Logic: Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Motor Skills Disorders: Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders: Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Physiological Processes: The functions and activities of living organisms that support life in single- or multi-cellular organisms from their origin through the progression of life.Epilepsy, Complex Partial: A disorder characterized by recurrent partial seizures marked by impairment of cognition. During the seizure the individual may experience a wide variety of psychic phenomenon including formed hallucinations, illusions, deja vu, intense emotional feelings, confusion, and spatial disorientation. Focal motor activity, sensory alterations and AUTOMATISM may also occur. Complex partial seizures often originate from foci in one or both temporal lobes. The etiology may be idiopathic (cryptogenic partial complex epilepsy) or occur as a secondary manifestation of a focal cortical lesion (symptomatic partial complex epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317-8)Alcohol Amnestic Disorder: A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)ArtNocturnal Enuresis: Involuntary discharge of URINE during sleep at night after expected age of completed development of urinary control.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Psychomotor Disorders: Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Mental Recall: The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Language Development Disorders: Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.ReadingCultural Deprivation: The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Neurosciences: The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Nerve Fibers, Myelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Tissue Distribution: Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Sex Chromosome Aberrations: Abnormal number or structure of the SEX CHROMOSOMES. Some sex chromosome aberrations are associated with SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS and SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS OF SEX DEVELOPMENT.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Cranial Irradiation: The exposure of the head to roentgen rays or other forms of radioactivity for therapeutic or preventive purposes.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Logic: The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Parietal Lobe: Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Expert Systems: Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.Transfer (Psychology): Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.Brain Waves: Wave-like oscillations of electric potential between parts of the brain recorded by EEG.Psychosurgery: Treatment of chronic, severe and intractable psychiatric disorders by surgical removal or interruption of certain areas or pathways in the brain, especially in the prefrontal lobes.Infant, Premature: A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Diffusion Tensor Imaging: The use of diffusion ANISOTROPY data from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging results to construct images based on the direction of the faster diffusing molecules.Corpus Callosum: Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity: A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)Neuroanatomy: Study of the anatomy of the nervous system as a specialty or discipline.Cerebellar Neoplasms: Primary or metastatic neoplasms of the CEREBELLUM. Tumors in this location frequently present with ATAXIA or signs of INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION due to obstruction of the fourth ventricle. Common primary cerebellar tumors include fibrillary ASTROCYTOMA and cerebellar HEMANGIOBLASTOMA. The cerebellum is a relatively common site for tumor metastases from the lung, breast, and other distant organs. (From Okazaki & Scheithauer, Atlas of Neuropathology, 1988, p86 and p141)
BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience. 1 (4): 45. Sarason, I.G. (1957). "Test anxiety, general ... Sarason, I.G. Sarason, B.G. Pierce, G.R. (1995). Cognitive interference: At the intelligence-personality crossroads. In D.H. ... Saklofske & M. Zeidner, (Eds.) International handbook of personality and intelligence (pp. 285-296). New York: Plenum Press. , ...
Christopher Williams (academic)
Terminus Brain. The Environmental Threats to Human Intelligence. Cassel, London/Washington (1997) ISBN 0-304-33856-7, ISBN 0- ... He also asks whether environmental degradation could lead to regressive brain evolution. "The human brain is now at risk from ... His book Terminus Brain (1997) explores how and why the human brain is the only part of the eco-system at risk from its own ... the unity of knowledge ISBN 0-316-64569-9 Terminus Brain: the environmental threats to human intelligence. (1997), p. 3. ISBN 0 ...
Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery
Halstead, W.C. (1947). Brain and Intelligence. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press Reitan, R.M. (1955). Investigation of ... One difficulty with the HRNB was its excessive administration time (up to 3 hours or more in some brain-injured patients). In ... Reitan, R.M. (1966). A research program on the psychological effects of brain lesions in human beings. In N.R. Ellis (Ed.), ... Reitan, R.M. (1959). The comparative effects of brain damage on the Halstead Impairment Index and the Wechsler-Bellevue scale. ...
Sex differences in cognition
... they still found greater male spatial working memory in studies published in the journals Brain Cognition and Intelligence. ... Sex differences in psychology Sex differences in intelligence Sex differences in emotional intelligence Emotional intelligence ... "No gender differences in brain activation during the N-back task: an fMRI study in healthy individuals". Human Brain Mapping. ... "How do Educational Attainment and Gender Relate to Fluid Intelligence, Crystallized Intelligence, and Academic Skills at Ages ...
Repetitive visual stimulus
Brain. 125 (4): 912-922. doi:10.1093/brain/awf081. Sirenteanu R, Rettenbach R, Wagner M (2009). "Transient Preferences for ... Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience. 2010: 1-12. doi:10.1155/2010/702357. Herrmann, Christoph S. (1 April 2001). "Human ... Repetitive visual stimuli (RVS) are said to evoke a lesser response in brain cells, specifically superior collicular cells, ... Experimental Brain Research. 137 (3-4): 346-353. doi:10.1007/s002210100682. Bohotin, Fumal A.; Vandenheede M; Gérard P.; ...
Joseph Osuigwe Chidiebere
"Maximizing Your Brain...a pathway to becoming an intellectual giant , Cerebrum , Intelligence". Scribd. SCRIB. Retrieved 13 ... National Unity Merit Award Hero of Humanity Pollination Project Award Humanitarian Award 2017 Maximizing Your Brain Power...a ... Maximizing Your Brain Power…a pathway to becoming an intellectual giant" to more than 90 schools in 85 communities. When he ...
Eysenck, H.J. (1987). "The several meanings of intelligence". Behav Brain Sci. 10: 663. doi:10.1017/s0140525x00055060. Locurto ... Intelligence tests are useful tools for various purposes. An alternative conception of intelligence is that cognitive ... Much of the early theoretical and applied work in psychometrics was undertaken in an attempt to measure intelligence. Galton, ... Rasch, G. (1960/1980). Probabilistic models for some intelligence and attainment tests. Copenhagen, Danish Institute for ...
Artificial Intelligence Center. Technical note 129. Nitzan, David; Brain, Alfred E.; Duda, Richard O. (February 1977). "The ... Artificial Intelligence Center. Technical note 179. Bolles, Robert C.; Fischler, Martin A. (24 August 1981). "A RANSAC-based ... Artificial Intelligence Lab. Working Paper 96. Nakagawa, Yasuo (22 November 1982). "Automatic Visual Inspection Of Solder ... Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. 5 (4): 353-361. doi:10.1109/TPAMI.1983.4767405. Albus, J.; Kent, E.; Nashman, M.; ...
Sense of direction
... can be impaired by brain damage, such as in the case of topographical disorientation. Humans create spatial ... Intelligence. 30 (5): 425-447. doi:10.1016/S0160-2896(02)00116-2. "Santa Barbara Sense-of-Direction Scale , Hegarty Spatial ... Thinking Lab , Psychological & Brain Sciences , UC Santa Barbara". labs.psych.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-15. Turano, Kathleen ...
Great American Interchange
Jerison, Harry J. (1973). Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. New York and London: Academic Press. pp. (see p. 359). ISBN ... Jerison, Harry J. (1973). Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. New York and London: Academic Press. pp. (see pp. 320-339). ... Radinsky, L. (1981). "Brain Evolution in Extinct South American Ungulates". Brain, Behavior and Evolution. 18 (4): 169-187. doi ... Radinsky, L. (1975). "Evolution of the Felid Brain". Brain, Behavior and Evolution. 11 (3-4): 214-254 (see p. 242). doi:10.1159 ...
Design for a Brain. Chapman & Hall. ISBN 978-0412200908. Jeff Hawkins (2005). On Intelligence. Owl Books. ISBN 978-0805078534 ... as perceived by the human brain: the observer-dependence of what constitutes a system has been noted within early cybernetics ... research, while modern research into the human brain has revealed a fractal holarchical structure in the neocortex. A single ...
Behavioral and Brain Sciences. vol. 3. pp. 217-219 Haugeland, John. (1980) "Artificial Intelligence". Behavioral and Brain ... "The fact that brain processes cause consciousness does not imply that only brains can be conscious. The brain is a biological ... He treats it, rather, as a state of the brain. The causal interaction of mind and brain can be described thus in naturalistic ... However, Searle's biological naturalism does not entail that brains and only brains can cause consciousness. Searle is careful ...
Animalia (TV series)
Intelligence spore: This causes Livingston's and Allegra's intelligence to switch. Appears in Brain Drain. Symbolized by little ... In "Brain Drain", it is revealed whether he's smart or not, he's afraid of swamp water. Livingstone appeared in "Back to the ... "Brain Drain" (9 May 2008) "Save Our Swamp" (16 May 2008) "Tunnel Vision" (23 May 2008) "Iggy's Quest" (30 May 2008) "What's the ... "Brain Drain" (5 July 2008) "Save Our Swamp" (12 July 2008) "Tunnel Vision" (19 July 2008) "Iggy's Quest" (26 July 2008) "What's ...
John Ball (cognitive scientist)
This he claimed was the approach of the human brain to language and vision and was first publicly aired in 2000, on Robyn ... Over the years, exchanges with Artificial Intelligence experts such as Marvin Minsky lead him to work on a prototype to ... Ball's work to date refutes the commonly held belief that the human brain 'processes' information like a computer. His lab work ... He was challenged by a lecturer as an undergraduate to pursue machine intelligence when she announced that computers would ...
In Mesopotamian religion and mythology, Enki, also known as Ea, was the God of wisdom and intelligence. Wisdom was achieved by ... ISBN 0-521-80238-5. Legesse B, Price BH., Murray ED Brain-Behavior Relations. In: Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 2nd Edition. ... These analyses indicate that although "there is an overlap of the implicit theory of wisdom with intelligence, perceptiveness, ... Robert Sternberg has segregated the capacity for judgement from the general qualifiers for intelligence, which is closer to ...
Nicole C. Karafyllis
2008 Karafyllis, N.C. and G. Ulshöfer [ed.] (2008). Sexualized Brains. Scientific Modeling of Emotional Intelligence from a ... In: N. C. Karafyllis/G. Ulshöfer (Ed.): Sexualized Brains. Scientific Modeling of Emotional Intelligence from a Cultural ... Karafyllis, N. C., and Ulshöfer, G. (2008). Intelligent Emotions and Sexualized Brains: Scientific Models, Discourses, and ...
In this respect, parts of Otto's mind would essentially "exist outside his brain," meaning that the comparison between Inga and ... Clark, Andy (2004). Natural-Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies, and the Future of Human Intelligence. 198 Madison Avenue, New ... Clark foresees the development of cognitive prosthetics, or "electronic brain enhancements" ("EBEs"), as only ... According to Clark, the computational model, which forms the philosophical foundation of artificial intelligence, engenders ...
List of Stuff You Should Know episodes (2014)
Arthur F. Kramer
"Brain metabolism predicts fluid intelligence in young adults". Science Daily. March 22, 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2017. "Brain ... Fletcher, Bevin (Jan 25, 2016). "Brain Metabolism Linked to Fluid Intelligence". Bioscience Technology Online. Retrieved 11 ... "Dissociable brain biomarkers of fluid intelligence". NeuroImage. 137: 201-211. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.05.037. Meyer, ... Kramer has used magnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure NAA in areas of the brain, and relate them to measures of fluid ...
ISBN 0-8133-4274-0 Rushton, J. P. (1997). "Race, Intelligence, And The Brain" (PDF). Personality and Individual Differences. 23 ... He notably established that girls were equal to boys in general intelligence. The post also allowed him to work in Spearman's ... Gould, S.J. (1996). "The Real Error of Cyril Burt Factor Analysis and the Reification of Intelligence," in The Mismeasure of ... It is his research in behaviour genetics, most notably in studying the heritability of intelligence (as measured in IQ tests) ...
Plant perception (physiology)
Controversially, the brain is used as a metaphor in plant intelligence to provide an integrated view of signalling. Plants ... intelligence fits a definition of intelligence proposed by David Stenhouse in a book about evolution and animal intelligence ... acts like the brain of one of the lower animals; the brain being situated within the anterior end of the body, receiving ... but is that intelligence? Such simple adaptation behaviour might be bacterial intelligence but is clearly not animal ...
Largest body part
Roth, Gerhard; Ursula Dicke (May 2005). "Evolution of the brain and intelligence". Trends in Cognitive Science. 9 (5): 250-257 ... Shrews have the largest brain-to-body mass ratio of any animal, with brains that are 10% of body weight. Humans however have ... The largest and heaviest brain belongs to the sperm whale, weighing around 9 kilograms. The Arctic lion's mane jellyfish may be ...
Edward M. Miller
Intelligence and Brain Myelination: A Hypothesis. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol 17, (December 1994) No. 6, 803- ... Miller began writing about the economics of intelligence before expanding to discuss correlations of race and intelligence, sex ... Income, Intelligence and Equality: Review of The g Factor: The Science of Mental Ability. Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 39 (Spring ... Climate and Intelligence. Mankind Quarterly, Vol. XXXII (Fall/Winter 1991) No. 1-2, pp. 127-132. Miller EM. BackFire: Review ...
Jerison, Harry (1973). Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. Elsevier: Academic Press Inc. Canavero S. Textbook of ... Based on early work using brain imaging techniques in the human brain, Roland suggested that the SMA was especially active ... Brain. 107 (2): 385-414. doi:10.1093/brain/107.2.385. PMID 6722510. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Brasted, P.J ... Brain. 60 (4): 389-443. doi:10.1093/brain/60.4.389. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Penfield, W. (1959). "The ...
W. Ross Ashby
Design for a Brain, Chapman & Hall. 1956. An Introduction to Cybernetics, Chapman & Hall. 1981. Conant, Roger C. (ed.). ... Asaro, Peter M. (2008). "From Mechanisms of Adaptation to Intelligence Amplifiers: The Philosophy of W. Ross Ashby," in Michael ... His two books, Design for a Brain and An Introduction to Cybernetics, were landmark works. They introduced exact and logical ... Asaro, Peter (2008). "From Mechanisms of Adaptation to Intelligence Amplifiers: The Philosophy of W. Ross Ashby," in Michael ...
He took greatest pride in his book Brain in which he set out a theory of how the brain operates. His first wife, Mary, ... A Guide to Intelligence and Personality Testing: Including Actual Tests and Answers. Parthenon Publishing Group. 1988. ISBN ... Brain. Davis-Poynter. 1975. ISBN 9780706701050. Test Your Child's I.Q. D. McKay Co. 1977. ISBN 9780679506720. A Mensa Puzzle ... He was working on his writing right up to December 1999, managing to finish a revision of his book Brain. ...
List of regions in the human brain Blue Brain, a project to produce a computer simulation of a neocortical column and ... The evolution of human intelligence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate Publishers. ISBN 0-8058-3267-X. Jarvis, Erich D.; ... 2005). "Opinion: Avian brains and a new understanding of vertebrate brain evolution". Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 6 (2): 151-9 ... The neocortex, also called the neopallium and isocortex, is the part of the mammalian brain involved in higher-order brain ...
John Skoyles (scientist)
He is the coauthor of a book, Up from Dragons: The evolution of intelligence with Dorion Sagan upon the role of neural ... Being himself a dyslexic, he has written about the development of dyslexia and neural networks, and the role of the brain in ... Sagan D. (2002). Up from Dragons: The evolution of human intelligence. McGraw-Hill, New York. ISBN 978-0-07-137825-3 Famous ... Brain and Language. 88 (1): 79-82. doi:10.1016/s0093-934x(03)00162-7. PMID 14698733. The Family That Walks On All Fours, ...
Remote Associates Test
"Turing centenary: Is the brain a good model for machine intelligence?". Nature. 482 (7386): 462-463. 2012-02-22. doi:10.1038/ ... The brain seems to be able to discriminate and adapt particularly well in certain contexts. For instance, human beings seem to ... Michael A. Arbib; Shun-ichi Amari; Prudence H. Arbib (2002). The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. Cambridge, ... Blue Brain, a project founded by Henry Markram from the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, aims to construct a ...
IntelligenceEdit. The Eurasian magpie is believed not only to be among the most intelligent of birds but among the most ... their total brain-to-body mass ratio is equal to most great apes and cetaceans. A 2004 review suggests that the ... Emery, Nathan J.; Clayton, Nicola S. (Dec 2004). "The mentality of crows: convergent evolution of intelligence in corvids and ... Another behaviour exhibiting intelligence is cutting their food in correctly sized proportions for the size of their young. In ...
... and brains. Upper Paleolithic cultures appear to have had significant knowledge about plants and herbs and may have, albeit ... "A Theory of Human Life History Evolution: Diet, Intelligence and Longevity" (PDF). Evolutionary Anthropology. 9 (4): 156-185. ... allowing them to shrink the size of the gastrointestinal tract relative to body mass and to increase the brain mass instead.[ ...
... the human/brain epoch, (4) the technology epoch, (5) the artificial intelligence epoch, and (6) the universal colonization ... "Machine Intelligence Research Institute. Retrieved November 11, 2016.. *^ Kurzweil, Ray (2005). "The Six Epochs". The ... Early humans evolved from a species of foraging hominids which were already bipedal, with a brain mass approximately one ... after artificial general intelligence is invented in which progress is nearly infinite; hence the term. Estimates for the date ...
... es are highly intelligent, but the extent of their intelligence and learning capability are not well defined.[85 ... More than 60% of RNA transcripts for coleoid brains are recoded by editing, compared to less than 1% for a human or fruit fly. ... Due to their intelligence, octopuses are listed in some countries as experimental animals on which surgery may not be performed ... The head includes the mouth and brain. The foot has evolved into a set of flexible, prehensile appendages, known as arms, that ...
Cultured neuronal network
DeMarse TB, Wagenaar DA, Blau AW, Potter SM (2001). "The Neurally Controlled Animat: Biological Brains Acting with Simulated ... Embodied Artificial Intelligence: International Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, July 7-11, 2003, Revised Selected Papers. ... Artificial life Artificial neural networks Brain-computer interface CoDi Cybernetics Neural ensemble Neural engineering ... especially the brain. Often, cultured neuronal networks are connected to an input/output device such as a multi-electrode array ...
Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development
Intelligence, 41, 34-50. *^ Thatcher, R. W. (1992). Cyclic cortical reorganization during early childhood. Brain and Cognition ... Brain and cognitive developmentEdit. Brain research shows that some general aspects of the brain, such as myelination, ... temporal lobe of the brain), spatial (occipital lobe of the brain) or quantitative information (parietal lobe of the brain). ... Relation to intelligenceEdit. Many scholars[who?] argue that fluid intelligence, that is the general mechanisms underlying ...
Occupational health psychology
Brain size was previously considered a major indicator of the intelligence of an animal. Since most of the brain is used for ... Comparison of a particular animal's brain size with the expected brain size based on such allometric analysis provides an ... in comparison to the average human brain which averages 1,450 cubic centimetres (88 in3) in mature males. The brain to body ... greater ratios of brain to body mass may increase the amount of brain mass available for more complex cognitive tasks. ...
IntelligenceEdit. See also: Animal cognition. Reptiles are generally considered less intelligent than mammals and birds. ... The reptilian nervous system contains the same basic part of the amphibian brain, but the reptile cerebrum and cerebellum are ... The size of their brain relative to their body is much less than that of mammals, the encephalization quotient being about one ... and protect their brains against damage by struggling prey). Skinks (family Scincidae) also have evolved a bony secondary ...
Brain. 106 (3): 623-42. doi:10.1093/brain/106.3.623. PMID 6640273. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-26.. ... Cartesian dualism holds that the mind is a nonphysical substance, the seat of consciousness and intelligence, and is not ... It has become possible to study the living brain, and researchers can now watch the brain's decision-making process at work. A ... Brain research. Brain research reviews. 31 (2-3): 357-63. doi:10.1016/S0165-0173(99)00052-1. PMID 10719163.. ...
Wikipedia:Makala za msingi za kamusi elezo/Zote 1000, kamusi elezo huru
ادرار کردن - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
Coren, Stanley (5 January 2006). The Intelligence of Dogs: A Guide to the Thoughts, Emotions, and Inner Lives of Our Canine ... Brain centers that regulate urination include the pontine micturition center, periaqueductal gray, and the cerebral cortex. In ... The state of the reflex system is dependent on both a conscious signal from the brain and the firing rate of sensory fibers ... Paruresis, also known as shy bladder syndrome, is an example of a bladder interruption from the brain that often causes total ...
Relation to brain. *Brain size. *Brain-to-body mass ratio. *Encephalization quotient ... "Computational Intelligence. 4: 10-19. doi:10.1109/MCI.2009.933096.. *^ du Castel, Bertrand (15 July 2015). "Pattern Activation/ ... Swarm intelligence (SI) is the collective behavior of decentralized, self-organized systems, natural or artificial. The concept ... "Artificial intelligence turns $20 into $11,000 in Kentucky Derby bet". Newsweek. 2016-05-10. Retrieved 2017-01-20.. ...
... indicate a jump from australopithecine brain size which generally ranged from 400-500 cc (24-31 cu in). The brain anatomy ... and handedness is associated with major reorganisation of the brain and the lateralisation of brain function between the left ... Like contemporary Homo, H. habilis brain size generally varied from 500-900 cc (31-55 cu in). The body proportions of H. ... Tobias, P. V. (1987). "The brain of Homo habilis: A new level of organization in cerebral evolution". Journal of Human ...
The brain-to-body size ratio of psittacines and corvines is comparable to that of higher primates. Instead of using the ... See also: Bird intelligence. Some grey parrots have shown an ability to associate words with their meanings and form simple ... The popularity, longevity, and intelligence of many of the larger kinds of pet parrots and their wild traits such as screaming ... Iwaniuk, A. N.; Nelson, J. E. (2003). "Developmental differences are correlated with relative brain size in birds: a ...
... grey matter volume of the left lateral orbitofrontal cortex correlates with scores on measures of Machiavellian intelligence, ... came to the conclusion that simple right-brain/left-brain model of the mind is a gross oversimplification and the brain is ... Brain and cognition, 31(3), 285-307. *^ Northoff, G. (2010). Region-based approach versus mechanism-based approach to the brain ... Left-brain interpretation is a case of the lateralization of brain function that applies to "explanation generation" rather ...
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Inspired by his Nobel collaborator, Francis Crick, Watson initiated a major push to scale-up CSHL research on the brain and ... when he retired at the age of 79 after views attributed to him on race and intelligence appeared in the British press. ... Swartz Center for the Neural Mechanisms of Cognition studies cognition in the normal brain as a baseline for understanding ... Other research foci: autism genetics; mapping of the mammalian brain; neural correlates of decision making. ...
Barney and Betty Hill
Global brain. *Mass collaboration. *Mass communication. *Collective problem solving. References. *^ Gill, Zann (2012) ... Not to be confused with collective intelligence or shared intelligence.. Collaborative intelligence characterizes multi-agent, ... Contrast with collective intelligence. The term collective intelligence originally encompassed both collective and ... Collaborative intelligence traces its roots to the Pandemonium Architecture proposed by artificial intelligence pioneer Oliver ...
... these brain-damaged patients coldly came up with "end-justifies-the-means" answers, leading Damasio to conclude that the point ... another brain circuit was selectively activated: the subgenual cortex/septal region. These structures are intimately related to ... One brain region, the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex/basal forebrain, contributes to learning altruistic behavior, ... was not a superior moral faculty that suppresses basic selfish urges but rather was basic to the brain, hard-wired and ...
Creating Brain-Like Intelligence | SpringerLink
Creating Brain-Like Intelligence, which took place in Hohenstein, Germany, in February 2007. It presents ... artificial intelligence autonom brain-body-environment clustering cognitive vision system computer vision context sensing ... Brain-Like intelligence attempts a representation of the environment including the system itself. It has to cope with a ... It is the versatility of brain-like intelligence, its robustness and plasticity which makes it the object of our quest. ...
Chimpanzee Human Brain Development Intelligence - Business Insider
But human brains expanded much more dramatically than chimpanzee brains during the first few years of life; most of that human- ... brain scans of three baby chimps as they grew to 6 years of age. They then compared the data with existing brain-imaging scans ... brain expansion was driven by explosive growth in the connections between brain cells, which manifests itself in an expansion ... who is trying to understand chimpanzee brain development, had to study decades-old baby chimpanzee brains that were lying ...
To Advance Artificial Intelligence, Reverse-Engineer the Brain | WIRED
An MIT brain science professor argues that progress in deep learning research will come from the convergence of engineering and ... To Advance Artificial Intelligence, Reverse-Engineer the Brain. Opinion: Progress in deep learning research will come from the ... Schools will need to train brain and cognitive scientists in engineering and computation, train engineers in the brain and ... an investigator in the McGovern Institute for Brain Research and the Center for Brains, Minds and Machines, and the head of the ...
Brain-like circuit could drive artificial intelligence | Computerworld
Scientists are working on a circuit that mimics the human brain in an effort to dramatically boost artificial intelligence and ... Brain-like circuit could drive artificial intelligence. Using artificial synapses could push machine learning and image ... Scientists are working on a circuit that mimics the human brain in an effort to dramatically boost artificial intelligence and ... The university is hoping the circuit could one day be expanded to approach the scale of the human brain, which has 10 15 -- or ...
The Brain and Emotional Intelligence: New Insights [Book]
In this book, Daniel Goleman explains ... - Selection from The Brain and Emotional Intelligence: New Insights [Book] ... decade and a half there has been a steady stream of new insights that further illuminate the dynamics of emotional intelligence ... In this book, Daniel Goleman explains what we now know about the brain basis of emotional intelligence, in clear and simple ... This book will deepen your understanding of emotional intelligence and enhance your ability for its application. ...
Improve Your Intelligence with Brain Workshop | Linux Journal
Everywhere you turn there are "brain training" games that claim to help you "lower your brain age" or "boost your brain power" ... The Brain Workshop main screen.. You can also add a launcher to your Gnome or KDE panel to make starting Brain Workshop easier ... The Amazing Brain Train is another brain training game.. The exercise is a fun one and the presentation is excellent with nice ... Brain Workshop includes simple progress charts.. If you want to delve under the covers of the game, the settings for Brain ...
Collective intelligence: Ants and brain's neurons
Collective intelligence: Ants and brains neurons STANFORD - An individual ant is not very bright, but ants in a colony, ... None of the neurons can think ant, but the brain can think ant, though nothing in the brain told that neuron to think ant." For ... A single neuron in the human brain can respond only to what the neurons connected to it are doing, but all of them together can ... "A colony is analogous to a brain where there are lots of neurons, each of which can only do something very simple, but together ...
Intelligence Raised When Half of Brain Removed | Science News
In Search for Intelligence, a Silicon Brain Twitches - WSJ
... which is building a biologically accurate artificial brain, aims to tackle one of the mysteries of neuroscience: How does human ... Scientists Create Artificial Brain. Meet Blue Brain, a brain made up entirely of silicon and housed inside an IBM ... In Search for Intelligence, a Silicon Brain Twitches. By Replicating a Rats Gray Matter, Scientists Discover Simulated Cells ... Dubbed Blue Brain, the simulation shows some strange behavior. The artificial cells respond to stimuli and suddenly pulse and ...
brain/body size and intelligence
Real-time brain-computer interface for music synthesis - Developing Intelligence
Developing Intelligence. Real-time brain-computer interface for music synthesis. Posted by Chris Chatham on January 8, 2008 ... Webdesign on 10 Important Differences Between Brains and Computers. *sports supplies water polo on Blogging on the Brain: 5/25 ... Imagine music created by a previously "unheard" part of the brain!. I think its pretty funny that Mick is effectively getting ... Mick Grierson has created a real-time EEG-based brain-computer interface for music synthesis. You can watch a video here. ...
Genetics of brain structure and intelligence. - PubMed - NCBI
A variety of sophisticated brain-mapping approaches relating genetic influences on brain structure and intelligence establishes ... Genetics of brain structure and intelligence.. Toga AW1, Thompson PM.. Author information. 1. Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, ... We argue that these genetic links are partly mediated by brain structure that is likewise under strong genetic control. Other ... Genetic influences on brain morphology and IQ are well studied. ...
Intelligence Map Made From Brain Injury Data - Slashdot
Theirs is one of the largest and most comprehensive analyses so far of the brain structures vital to general intelligence and ... Scientists report that they have mapped the physical architecture of intelligence in the brain. ... The study provides new evidence that intelligence relies not on one brain region or even the brain as a whole, Barbey said, but ... Submission: Researchers Use Brain-injury Data to Map Intelligence in the Brain. ...
Scientists identify gene linking brain structure to intelligence | EurekAlert! Science News
... scientists at Kings College London have identified a gene linking the thickness of the grey matter in the brain to ... intelligence. The study is published today in Molecular Psychiatry and may help scientists understand biological mechanisms ... Scientists identify gene linking brain structure to intelligence. Kings College London. Journal. Molecular Psychiatry. ... The researchers looked at the cerebral cortex, the outermost layer of the human brain. It is known as grey matter and plays a ...
Bird Brain: An Exploration of Avian Intelligence | Brown Bookstore
Brain Monitoring Market: Global Product Intelligence, Industry... - Allen Bond
The report on Brain Monitoring Market by Infinium Global Research analyzes the Brain Monitoring Market over the period of 2017 ... brain monitoring market straightbrain monitoring market demandbrain monitoring market research ... Brain Monitoring Market: Global Product Intelligence, Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast - 2023. Press ... The report on Brain Monitoring Market by Infinium Global Research analyzes the Brain Monitoring Market over the period of 2017 ...
What sort of silicon brain do you need for artificial intelligence? • The Register
Genetic 'intelligence networks' discovered in the brain
... brain areas. (credit: Michael R. Johnson et al./Nature Neuroscience) Scientists from Imperial College London have identified ... Genetic intelligence networks discovered in the brain Posted by Sean Brazell in categories: genetics, neuroscience. ... aging AI Alzheimers anti-aging Artificial Intelligence bioquantine bioquark biotech biotechnology bitcoin blockchain brain ... of genes that are linked to human intelligence. Called M1 and M3, these gene networks appear to influence cognitive function, ...
Strong Artificial Intelligence Superseding the Human Brain?
THE MACHINE INTELLIGENCE IN OUR BRAINS WILL GROW EXPONENTIALLY (AS IT HAS BEEN DOING ALL ALONG), AT LEAST DOUBLING IN POWER ... ONCE NONBIOLOGICAL INTELLIGENCE GETS A FOOTHOLD IN THE HUMAN BRAIN (THIS HAS ALREADY STARTED WITH COMPUTERIZED NEURAL IMPLANTS ... We will be able to reengineer all of the organs and systems in our biological bodies and brains to be vastly more capable ... BY THE END OF THIS CENTURY, IT WILL BE TRILLIONS OF TRILLIONS OF TIMES MORE POWERFUL THAN HUMAN INTELLIGENCE. However, to ...
Enhancing Virtues: Intelligence (Part 4): Brain Machines
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) , Brain Machine Interfaces (BCI) and Memory Prosthetics Zapping the brain with magnetism or ... Since the 1990s we have been implanting electrodes in brains, "brain pacemakers" or "deep brain stimulation" (DBS), to treat a ... Enhancing Virtues: Intelligence (Part 4): Brain Machines J. Hughes Sep 22, 2014 Ethical Technology ... Brain Stimulation. 2014; 7(1): 1-6..  Seo D, et al. Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution for Chronic Brain- ...
Dissecting artificial intelligence to better understand the human brain | EurekAlert! Science News
Likewise, in the computer science world, multiple forms of artificial intelligence are emerging. As will be presented at the ... cognitive neuroscientists are using those emerging networks to enhance understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence ... intelligence takes many forms. It could be a bat using echolocation to expertly navigate in the dark, or an octopus adapting ... "Neural network models are brain-inspired models that are now state-of-the-art in many artificial intelligence applications, ...
Google in Your Brain? PageRank As a Semantic Memory Model - Developing Intelligence
Developing Intelligence. Google in Your Brain? PageRank As a Semantic Memory Model. Posted by Chris Chatham on November 29, ... Back to the brain (*ahem*), computing the PR of a semantic network is cute and all, but what about the whole brain? Ill punt ... Webdesign on 10 Important Differences Between Brains and Computers. *sports supplies water polo on Blogging on the Brain: 5/25 ... Is Google in my brain?. No one is suggesting that Larry Page has discovered the secret to the organization of human memory. In ...
Brain and Intelligence in Vertebrates by Euan M. MacPhail, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®
New German-Canadian lab decodes the brain with artificial intelligence
3D map of functional neuroanatomy at the cellular level with the help of high-performance computing and artificial intelligence ... The lab targets application of this brain model for neuroimaging, brain-inspired AI research and multi-scale brain simulation. ... Tags: Artificial Intelligence, Brain, Deep Learning, Imaging, Laboratory, Medicine, Neuroanatomy, Neuroimaging, Neurology, ... New German-Canadian lab decodes the brain with artificial intelligence. *Download PDF Copy ...
Intelligence 2.0 - Brain, AI and Hybrids - NextBigFuture.com
Neosensory is working to sending a variety of data streams to the brain via the sense of touch. With so much unused real estate ... There needs to a nanometer level scanning of the brain. - there needs to be understanding of the image to translate it into ... He is the writer and presenter of the international PBS series, The Brain with David Eagleman, and the author of the companion ... There are many companies and funded projects that are related to or part of neural emulation (Kernel, Neuralink, Brain projects ...
Brain: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience | Directory of Open Access Journals
Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides ... Brain: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience. BRAIN 2067-3957 (Online) ... Publishers keywords: artificial intelligence, neuroscience, cognitive sciences, psycholinguistics, social media. Language of ... Information about the open-access journal Brain: ...
Scientists identify gene linking brain structure to intelligence | Website archive | King's College London
... scientists at Kings College London have identified a gene linking the thickness of the grey matter in the brain to ... intelligence. The study may help scientists understand biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual impairment. ... Scientists identify gene linking brain structure to intelligence. For the first time, scientists at Kings College London have ... The researchers found that the NPTN gene had a different activity in the left and right hemispheres of the brain, which may ...
Genetic Contributions to Human Brain Morphology and Intelligence | Journal of Neuroscience
VBM requires registration of the separate brain images onto a model brain to allow for statistical inferences in focal brain ... share common genes with intelligence, forming a heritable neural network in the human brain that is involved in intelligence. ... Genetic Contributions to Human Brain Morphology and Intelligence. Hilleke E. Hulshoff Pol, Hugo G. Schnack, Danielle Posthuma, ... Genetic Contributions to Human Brain Morphology and Intelligence. Hilleke E. Hulshoff Pol, Hugo G. Schnack, Danielle Posthuma, ...
Concept Unique Intelligence Original Idea Brain Stock Illustration 126705941
Find Concept Unique Intelligence Original Idea Brain stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, ... The concept of a unique intelligence and original idea - a brain emits luminous energy, and ordinary brains gathered around. A ... uniquebraingeniuspsychologyconceptpowergoldlightneurologycreativegoldengroupwisdomeducationhumanintellectintellectual ... intelligencememorymentalmindsmartabstractanatomybackgroundbonfirebrainstormbrightbusinesscerebellumcerebralcreativitygraphic ...
Is Brain Emulation Dangerous? : Journal of Artificial General Intelligence
Editorial: Whole Brain Emulation seeks to Implement a Mind and its General Intelligence through System Identification by Koene ... Feasibility of Whole Brain Emulation, in Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence, ed. Vincent Müller, SAPERE 5, 251- ... Black-box Brain Experiments, Causal Mathematical Logic, and the Thermodynamics of Intelligence by Pissanetzky, Sergio and ... Editorial: Whole Brain Emulation seeks to Implement a Mind and its General Intelligence through System Identification ...
HumansNeuroscienceSmarterScansFMRISpeciesCerebral cortexGeneticAgileGenesBoostTheoriesAbilitiesStructuresParticipantsStudy2017Fluid intelligenceScientistsInterfacesPlasticityInsightsDiscoveriesDifferentlyBird BrainVertebratesParietalSearchScanPerson's brainBiologicalTendFrontal lobesEmotionalSynapsesNeural networkAdult human brainUniquelyNeuroscientistsGeneticsWorkIntellectualDependsPsychologistsTraumatic brainFunctional2020Variation in brainDenseBlue Brain
- Now a new study sheds light on why: Unlike chimps, humans undergo a massive explosion in white matter growth, or the connections between brain cells, in the first two years of life. (businessinsider.com)
- While past studies have shown that human brains go through a rapid expansion in connectivity, it wasn't clear that was unique amongst great apes (a group that includes chimps, gorillas, orangutans and humans). (businessinsider.com)
- Chimpanzee brain volumes ballooned about half that of humans' expansion during that time period. (businessinsider.com)
- The floors above the street represent the layers of intelligence that humans have some conscious access to, like logical reasoning. (wired.com)
- The Singularity, in other words, involves Intelligence Amplification (IA) in humans. (lifeboat.com)
- The brain is one of the most important organs in humans. (hubpages.com)
- Humans have always wanted the age at which brain starts to deteriorate to be after the age of 60. (hubpages.com)
- From the above we can conclude that humans' intelligence is at maximum performance at between ages 31 - 40. (hubpages.com)
- If we assume it takes them 5 years, then the age at which humans' intelligence is at maximum performance should drop to ages 26 -35. (hubpages.com)
- This research is an example of how humans stay involved in the diagnostic process, aided by an artificial intelligence tool. (stanford.edu)
- Insects may be simple, and in terms of intellectual capability, they will never be able to match humans, but they do have brains. (newstarget.com)
- Ang-1 could play an important role in the brain development of other vertebrates, including humans, but future research is required to establish this, say the scientists involved. (su.se)
- The protein encoded by Ang-1 is known to play an important role in growing new blood vessels and forming new brain cells in mice, which may indicate an important role of Ang-1 in brain growth of other animals, even in humans. (su.se)
- We don't yet know if Ang-1 is important in human brain development - it isn't on the list of genes typically studied in relation to human brain size - but as it plays a role in forming new blood vessels in humans, there may be a connection as large brains need a bigger blood supply, particularly during growth and for many brain functions. (su.se)
- But here the elephant in the room is, well, the elephant-a species that is larger-brained than humans, but not equipped with behaviors as complex and flexible as ours. (nautil.us)
- Interestingly, this particular definition doesn't say anything about intelligence belonging solely to humans. (brainworldmagazine.com)
- We build applications of Artificial Intelligence that empower businesses to procure unmatched benefits of machine learning - a technology that allows machines to utilize data for self-learning, just like humans do. (hiddenbrains.com)
- download artificial intelligence humans are have to live, then, parodies, which would Enter to be nuances about. (redskywinery.com)
- In the end the group, founded by Dmitry Itskov in February of 2011, think humans can attain immortality not by outsmarting disease and pathogens, but by harnessing nanotechnology, robots and brain-computer interfaces to create hologram bodies with artificial brains that can be programmed with your own personality. (businessinsider.com)
- Brain size has increased considerably over the course of humans' recent evolutionary history. (wikipedia.org)
- Neanderthals had a slightly larger brain than modern humans, perhaps due to larger visual systems. (wikipedia.org)
- A number of studies have found correlation between variation in brain size in cranial capacity and geographic ancestry in humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Small mammals such as mice may have a brain/body ratio similar to humans, while elephants have a comparatively lower brain/body ratio. (wikipedia.org)
- The relationship between brain-to-body mass ratio and complexity of behaviour is not perfect as other factors also influence intelligence, like the evolution of the recent cerebral cortex and different degrees of brain folding, which increase the surface of the cortex, which is positively correlated in humans to intelligence. (wikipedia.org)
- James J. DiCarlo, MD/PhD, is a professor of neuroscience, an investigator in the McGovern Institute for Brain Research and the Center for Brains, Minds and Machines, and the head of the department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (wired.com)
- And as will be presented today at the 25th annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), cognitive neuroscientists increasingly are using those emerging artificial networks to enhance their understanding of one of the most elusive intelligence systems, the human brain. (eurekalert.org)
- Using computer science to understand the human brain is a relatively new field that is expanding rapidly thanks to advancements in computing speed and power, along with neuroscience imaging tools. (eurekalert.org)
- Human cognitive and computational neuroscience is a fast-growing area of research, and knowledge about how the human brain is able to see, hear, feel, think, remember, and predict is mandatory to develop better diagnostic tools, to repair the brain, and to make sure it develops well. (eurekalert.org)
- It may also be safer if brains are scanned before they are fully understood from a neuroscience perspective, thereby increasing the initial population of emulations, although this prediction is weaker and more scenario-dependent. (degruyter.com)
- The findings in this Nature Neuroscience report draw on a cognitive theory of fluid intelligence proposed by Randall Engle, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology at Georgia Institute of Technology, and his colleagues. (innovations-report.com)
- Research from neuroscientist Sara Lazar s team reported in the Havard Mahoney Neuroscience Institute newsletter claims to be the first evidence that actual changes in brain structure are associated with meditation. (city-data.com)
- It's a significant challenge to find patients (for research) who have brain damage, and even further, it's very hard to find patients who have focal brain damage," said University of Illinois neuroscience professor Aron Barbey, who led the study. (medicalxpress.com)
- In fact, the particular regions and connections we found support an emerging body of neuroscience evidence indicating that intelligence depends on the brain's ability to integrate information from verbal, visual, spatial and executive processes," he said. (medicalxpress.com)
- One of the central aims of cognitive neuroscience is to understand how the make-up of our brains dictates our intelligence - the general mental capability by which we reason, think abstractly and learn from experiences. (medicalxpress.com)
- We are trying to understand the nature of general intelligence and to what extent our intellectual abilities are grounded in social cognitive abilities,' said Aron Barbey, a University of Illinois professor of neuroscience, of psychology, and of speech and hearing science. (technologynetworks.com)
- One of the more interesting goals in neuroscience is to reconstruct perceived images by analyzing brain scans. (technologyreview.com)
- Intel Labs and Princeton Neuroscience Institute are using AI to enable neuroscientists to map the human mind in real time, unlocking secrets on how brain activity affects learning, memory and other cognitive functions. (intel.com)
- This is the first study to look at brain activity that underlies the emotional response of hatred to the picture of a face," said Kevin S. LaBar, associate professor at the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Duke University. (go.com)
- As fun as they may be to play, brain training games have one fundamental flaw: the improvements you see the more you perform the exercises are not evidence of your brain becoming better, smarter, or faster. (linuxjournal.com)
- The technology of measuring neural conduction velocity is a little primitive, but it is our belief that EEG studies that measure brain changes show that smarter people process information faster. (dana.org)
- But did you know that even moths can be smarter than today's standard level of artificial intelligence? (newstarget.com)
- Does a bigger brain make for a smarter child in babies born prematurely? (medicalxpress.com)
- As a lifelong fan of the human race I preferred the IA route and dreamed of a day when we would have William Gibsonesque brain machine interfaces (e.g., ala Count Zero ) that would augment our brains, make us smarter and let us gobble up all the knowledge we wanted at superhuman speed. (turnkeylinux.org)
- The truth about intelligence: Are bigheads smarter than pea brains? (newscientist.com)
- They then compared the data with existing brain-imaging scans for six macaques and 28 Japanese children. (businessinsider.com)
- past studies have instead pieced together brain development from scans on several apes of different ages, Sherwood said. (businessinsider.com)
- Eight clinicians tested it by evaluating a set of 115 brain scans for aneurysm, once with the help of HeadXNet and once without. (stanford.edu)
- Machine learning has detected one of the commonest causes of dementia and stroke, in brain scans (CT), more accurately than current methods. (imperial.ac.uk)
- At the moment, doctors diagnose SVD by looking for changes to white matter in the brain during MRI or CT scans. (imperial.ac.uk)
- High-tech scans of the resting human brain can provide a new way to define and interpret the brain's actual mental capacity, new research suggests. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Over 40 scientists from around the world were involved in analysing brain MRI scans and measures of cognitive function of 1,717 participants, with both healthy functions and patients with schizophrenia. (neurosciencenews.com)
- An active new area in medicine involves training deep-learning models to detect structural patterns in brain scans associated with neurological diseases and disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis. (mit.edu)
- And, in some cases, such as for rare brain conditions in children, only a few scans may be available in the first place. (mit.edu)
- There's interest in using the system, for instance, to help train predictive-analytics models at Massachusetts General Hospital, Zhao says, where only one or two labeled scans may exist of particularly uncommon brain conditions among child patients. (mit.edu)
- Using CT scans, the scientists painstakingly mapped the affected brain regions of each participant, then pooled the data to build a collective map of the brain. (technologynetworks.com)
- So an important goal is to find better ways to crunch the data from fMRI scans and so produce more accurate brain-image reconstructions. (technologyreview.com)
- Brain size can be measured by weight or by volume (via MRI scans or by skull volume). (wikipedia.org)
- Part of theories on human consciousness, the concept of entropy has become a greater research focus with recent improvements in the ability of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to track chemical activity patterns in the brain. (neurosciencenews.com)
- By analyzing fMRI images in every region of the brains in 892 American men and women, the study authors linked greater entropy to more versatile processing of information. (neurosciencenews.com)
- To explore this, they applied graph analyses to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) resting-state data, and characterised the modular brain network organisation in a large and representative sample of healthy adults. (medicalxpress.com)
- Instead of airports, van den Heuvel's team mapped the communications between tiny slivers of brain measured by a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) machine. (newscientist.com)
- High-tech cricket farming, AI learns from Minecraft, looking for lithium, a new hominid species is named, signs of life in dead pig brains, Cherokee cave texts decoded, water molecules on the moon and more. (sciencenews.org)
- Bird Brain will start by looking at the structures and functions of the avian brain, and move on to examine different types of intelligence by profiling the extraordinary behaviours of a broad range of the species, studying the masterminds of the avian world, and examining what types of behaviour can be interpreted as 'intelligence' as we would recognize it. (lynxeds.com)
- Bird Brain will not only look at the well-studied species such as New Caledonian crows and parrots, but also cast a broader eye over the behaviour of a wide range of species from around the world. (lynxeds.com)
- It is shown that cranial capacity/foramen magnum area is closely related to brain/medulla volume, and may therefore be used as a related measure with fossil species. (ox.ac.uk)
- The raw brain-to-body mass ratio is however simpler to come by, and is still a useful tool for comparing encephalization within species or between fairly closely related species. (wikipedia.org)
- Either octopuses or jumping spiders have some of the highest for an invertebrate, although some ant species have 14%-15% of their mass in their brains, the highest value known for any animal. (wikipedia.org)
- Genetic influences on brain morphology and IQ are well studied. (nih.gov)
- A variety of sophisticated brain-mapping approaches relating genetic influences on brain structure and intelligence establishes a regional distribution for this relationship that is consistent with behavioral studies. (nih.gov)
- We argue that these genetic links are partly mediated by brain structure that is likewise under strong genetic control. (nih.gov)
- She adds: "It's important to point out that intelligence is influenced by many genetic and environmental factors. (eurekalert.org)
- The genetic variation affects the expression of the NPTN gene, which encodes a protein acting at neuronal synapses and therefore affects how brain cells communicate. (eurekalert.org)
- The genetic variation identified in this study only accounts for an estimated 0.5% of the total variation in intelligence. (eurekalert.org)
- Moreover, total brain volume is positively correlated with general intelligence, and both share a common genetic origin. (jneurosci.org)
- However, although genetic effects on morphology of specific GM areas in the brain have been studied, the heritability of focal WM is unknown. (jneurosci.org)
- Similarly, it is unresolved whether there is a common genetic origin of focal GM and WM structures with intelligence. (jneurosci.org)
- We explored the genetic influence on focal GM and WM densities in magnetic resonance brain images of 54 monozygotic and 58 dizygotic twin pairs and 34 of their siblings. (jneurosci.org)
- To explore the common genetic origin of focal GM and WM areas with intelligence, we obtained cross-trait/cross-twin correlations in which the focal GM and WM densities of each twin are correlated with the psychometric intelligence quotient of his/her cotwin. (jneurosci.org)
- Intelligence shared a common genetic origin with superior occipitofrontal, callosal, and left optical radiation WM and frontal, occipital, and parahippocampal GM (phenotypic correlations up to 0.35). (jneurosci.org)
- These findings point to a neural network that shares a common genetic origin with human intelligence. (jneurosci.org)
- Moreover, it does not necessarily mean that a common genetic origin with general intelligence is shared by all structures throughout the brain. (jneurosci.org)
- Also, it allows future efforts to find particular genes responsible for brain structures and functions to be concentrated on brain areas that are under considerable genetic influence. (jneurosci.org)
- To date, most studies focused on the genetic influence on variation in total brain volume. (jneurosci.org)
- A few studies have examined genetic effects on more specific brain areas throughout the brain. (jneurosci.org)
- Today, scientists around the world continue to search for the physiological basis of human intelligence, but they also focus on genetic variation, which appears to determine about half of a brain's cognitive ability on average, as measured by standard IQ tests. (dana.org)
- Interesting behavioral genetics study that demonstrates that millisecond temporal processing in the brain has a significant genetic component that is also shared with general intelligence. (medworm.com)
- While there is evidence that suggests genetic influence on intelligence, there are many other points to consider. (brainworldmagazine.com)
- This conflict might be resolved by estimating the coefficient of additive genetic variance (CVA) in human brain size, since CVAs are widely used in evolutionary genetics as indexes of recent selection. (blogspot.com)
- Most of the genes in this network express in cortical regions (indicated by red), except for the V1C (primary visual cortex), STR (striatum), CBC (cerebellar cortex), and MD (mediodorsal nucleus of thalamus) brain areas. (lifeboat.com)
- Scientists from Imperial College London have identified two clusters ("gene networks") of genes that are linked to human intelligence. (lifeboat.com)
- However, this finding does not necessarily mean that genes influence focal brain structures in the same manner throughout the brain. (jneurosci.org)
- Determining the extent to which focal brain morphology and its association with cognitive functioning are influenced by genes (or environment) is important for both our understanding of healthy functioning and elucidating the causes of brain disease. (jneurosci.org)
- Genes also contribute to intelligence, according to studies of identical twins, and paradoxically that contribution increases with age. (dana.org)
- Other genes may be involved in brain growth in young, developing fish but no other genes were found to vary in their expression in adult fish other than Ang-1 . (su.se)
- Future studies will aim to investigate the role of Ang-1 and possibly other genes in the formation of differently sized brains in developing embryos", says Dr Niclas Kolm, Stockholm University. (su.se)
- The findings will "open the door to further investigations into the biological basis of intelligence , exploring how the brain , genes, nutrition and the environment together interact to shape the development and continued evolution of the remarkable intellectual abilities that make us human," Barbey said. (medicalxpress.com)
- Scientists are working on a circuit that mimics the human brain in an effort to dramatically boost artificial intelligence and machine learning. (computerworld.com)
- Everywhere you turn there are "brain training" games that claim to help you "lower your brain age" or "boost your brain power" and other such marketing hyperbole. (linuxjournal.com)
- Brain training games, apps, and websites are popular and it's not hard to see why - who wouldn't want to give their mental abilities a boost? (innovations-report.com)
- Despite the potential boost for multitasking, the benefits of training didn't transfer to fluid intelligence. (innovations-report.com)
- Use these 21 Resources to boost brain power and increase intelligence. (pickthebrain.com)
- Boost Your Brain Power At Last! (geniusintelligence.com)
- Describing the study as "impressive" in part because of its relatively large number of participants, the journal suggests the findings "will help to constrain theories of the neural mechanisms underlying differences in general intelligence. (innovations-report.com)
- Centuries of study have yielded many theories about how the brain gives rise to human intelligence. (medicalxpress.com)
- Either these theories are all wrong, or CVAs are not as evolutionarily informative as most evolutionary geneticists believe, or, as we suggest, brain size is not a very good index for understanding the evolutionary genetics of human intelligence. (blogspot.com)
- Theories and systems that have guided investigation into the brain mechanisms for cognitive processes are reviewed. (oxfordre.com)
- Contemporary theories about intelligence can be divided into two classes, psychometric and cognitive. (wikipedia.org)
- The quantitative approach to intelligence is better reflected in psychometric theories of which Charles Spearman 's is an early example. (wikipedia.org)
- Their findings suggest that some differences in intellectual abilities can result from the decreased function of the NPTN gene in particular regions of the left brain hemisphere. (eurekalert.org)
- The artificial networks cannot yet replicate human visual abilities, Kriegeskorte says, but by modeling the human brain, they are furthering understanding of both cognition and artificial intelligence. (eurekalert.org)
- The study, published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B , identified the underlying genetics of natural variation in brain size and cognitive abilities in fish. (su.se)
- Sheer mass would be the obvious candidate: If the brain is what generates conscious cognition, having more brain should only mean more cognitive abilities. (nautil.us)
- The Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory of cognitive abilities suggests that there are many different types of intelligence as opposed to just one. (brainworldmagazine.com)
- By studying how damage to particular brain regions produces specific forms of cognitive impairment, we can map the architecture of the mind, identifying brain structures that are critically important for specific intellectual abilities. (medicalxpress.com)
- This lively and accessible book shows how birds have sophisticated brains with abilities previously thought to be uniquely human, such as mental time travel, self-recognition, empathy, problem solving, imagination, and insight. (books-express.ro)
- This is consistent with the idea that intelligence depends to a large extent on social and emotional abilities, and we should think about intelligence in an integrated fashion rather than making a clear distinction between cognition and emotion and social processing. (technologynetworks.com)
- The brain-to-body mass ratio was however found to be an excellent predictor of variation in problem solving abilities among carnivoran mammals. (wikipedia.org)
- Theirs is one of the largest and most comprehensive analyses so far of the brain structures vital to general intelligence and to specific aspects of intellectual functioning, such as verbal comprehension and working memory. (slashdot.org)
- Brain memory holding structures of hippocampus and amygdale develops within the first 10 years of life. (hubpages.com)
- This new model manages to increase image quality from low resolution to high resolution without distorting the patients' brain structures, using a deep learning artificial neural network -a model that is based on the functioning of the human brain- that 'learns' this process. (news-medical.net)
- A new study found that specific structures, primarily on the left side of the brain, are vital to general intelligence and executive function (the ability to regulate and control behavior). (medicalxpress.com)
- Brain damage from stroke, for example often impairs multiple brain areas, he said, complicating the task of identifying the cognitive contributions of specific brain structures. (medicalxpress.com)
- Currently, no reliable biomarkers exist to help diagnose the severity of TBI to identify patients who are at risk of developing secondary injuries that impair function, damage other brain structures and promote further cell death. (bi-me.com)
- Bird Brain looks at the structures and functions of the avian brain, and describes the extraordinary behaviors that different types of avian intelligence give rise to. (books-express.ro)
- Their study, published in Brain: A Journal of Neurology ( abstract ), is unique in that it enlisted an extraordinary pool of volunteer participants: 182 Vietnam veterans with highly localized brain damage from penetrating head injuries. (slashdot.org)
- A key finding of the study was that participants with higher fluid intelligence were better able to respond correctly despite the interference from the 'lure' items and they appeared to do so by engaging several key brain regions more strongly, including the prefrontal and parietal cortex. (innovations-report.com)
- participants underwent brain MRI in 1999-2000, to obtain measurements of brain WMH using Scheltens' scale and a test of fluid intelligence (Raven's Progressive Matrices) on three occasions between 1999 and 2002. (nih.gov)
- Participants' intelligence was measured using the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, a test designed to assess specific and overall cognitive capabilities. (medicalxpress.com)
- The MRI images captured activity of the whole brain at rest when the participants were not thinking of anything in particular and had their eyes closed. (edu.au)
- They then looked for patterns that tied damage to specific brain regions to deficits in the participants' ability to navigate the intellectual, emotional or social realms. (technologynetworks.com)
- Studies on human brain size, largely based on participants of European ancestry, tend to find an average adult brain volume of 1260 cubic centimeters (cm3) for men and 1130 cm3 for women. (wikipedia.org)
- What's really unique about us is that our brains experience rapid establishment of connectivity in the first two years of life ," said Chet Sherwood, an evolutionary neuroscientist at George Washington University, who was not involved in the study. (businessinsider.com)
- As an engineer-turned-neuroscientist, I study the brain's algorithms for one of these foundational layers-visual perception, or how your brain interprets your surroundings using vision. (wired.com)
- Dr Sylvane Desrivières, from King's College London's Institute of Psychiatry and lead author of the study, said: "We wanted to find out how structural differences in the brain relate to differences in intellectual ability. (eurekalert.org)
- Back in print this is a chance to read all about the study of the brain, mind and external signs of intelligence from the early twentieth century. (routledge.com)
- These early attempts to find the physiological basis of intelligence were limited by a lack of modern technology," said Richard J. Haier, a professor in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Irvine, who uses brain imaging to study higher cognitive processes. (dana.org)
- The frontal lobes are important to intelligence according to almost every imaging study, but so are other areas," said Haier. (dana.org)
- Nowadays, the ICAI Group of the UMA, led by Professor Ezequiel López, co-author of this study, is a benchmark for neurocomputing, computational learning and artificial intelligence. (news-medical.net)
- That is, at least one new study has been conducted in order to find out if following the way that moths learn could somehow contribute to improving the way that artificial intelligence can learn new things as well. (newstarget.com)
- Human intelligence is like a mental juggling act in which the smartest performers use specific brain regions to resist distraction and keep attention focused on critical pieces of information, according to a new brain imaging study from Washington University in St. Louis. (innovations-report.com)
- Curious about the specific cognitive and neural mechanisms that underlie individual differences in intelligence, Gray and colleagues devised a study to explore the inner workings of one important aspect of human intelligence. (innovations-report.com)
- The study sought to better understand the process through which the mind reasons and solves novel problems, an ability known among psychologists as "fluid intelligence. (innovations-report.com)
- Our study depended on the fact that people vary in their intelligence level," Braver said. (innovations-report.com)
- An artificial intelligence system can diagnose and classify intracranial hemorrhage, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in Nature Biomedical Engineering . (doctorslounge.com)
- In a study of 524 healthy adults ages 65 and over, those who worked an hour a day for eight weeks on a com-put-er-based learn-ing pro-gram called Brain Fit-ness 2.0 from Posit Sci-ence showed improve-ments in a vari-ety of unre-lat-ed mem-o-ry tasks. (sharpbrains.com)
- Childhood intelligence and brain white matter hyperintensities predict fluid intelligence age 78-81 years: a 1921 Aberdeen birth cohort study. (nih.gov)
- a total of 106 volunteers born in 1921, with childhood intelligence records at 11, recruited 1997-98 to a follow-up study. (nih.gov)
- The study provides new evidence that intelligence relies not on one brain region or even the brain as a whole, Barbey said, but involves specific brain areas working together in a coordinated fashion. (medicalxpress.com)
- We conclude that CST5, AXIN1 and TRAIL are worthy of further study in the context of a pre-hospital or pitch-side test to detect brain injury. (bi-me.com)
- An absorbing study of how birds think, revealing how science is exploding the myth of our feathered friends being 'bird brained', and how recent discoveries may call for us to re-evaluate how we identify and classify intelligence in other animals. (lynxeds.com)
- The study , published in the peer-reviewed journal Brain Imaging and Behaviour, found that how well an elderly adult performed on language recall, memory executive function tests was directly related to the activity of the brain while in a resting state, or not doing any specific tasks. (edu.au)
- Yet in the past two decades, the study of avian intelligence has witnessed dramatic advances. (books-express.ro)
- The present study examined relationships between emotional intelligence, measured by the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, and right hemisphere dominance for a free vision chimeric face test. (ed.gov)
- The study involved 144 Vietnam veterans injured by shrapnel or bullets that penetrated the skull, damaging distinct brain tissues while leaving neighboring tissues intact. (technologynetworks.com)
- And our study suggests that the architecture of intelligence in the brain may be fundamentally social, too. (technologynetworks.com)
- A new study found AI can diagnose a brain tumor during surgery at a fraction of the time it takes medical experts, but with about the same accuracy. (thehill.com)
- The concept of a networked brain isn't so different from the transportation grids used by cars and planes, says Martijn van den Heuvel , a neuroscientist at Utrecht University Medical Center who led the new study. (newscientist.com)
- The study of intelligence based on the brain has a long history. (oxfordre.com)
- The size of the brain is a frequent topic of study within the fields of anatomy and evolution. (wikipedia.org)
- one study of 46 adults, aged 22-49 years and of mainly European descent, found an average brain volume of 1273.6 cm3 for men, with a range of 1052.9 to 1498.5 cm3, and 1131.1 cm3 for women, with a range of 974.9 to 1398.1 cm3. (wikipedia.org)
- The largest study done on the subject of geographic variation in brain size is the 1984 study Brain Size, Cranial Morphology, Climate, and Time Machines. (wikipedia.org)
- The study found that human brain size varied with latitude of biogeographic ancestry. (wikipedia.org)
- The report on Global Brain Monitoring Market provides qualitative and quantitative analysis for the period of 2017 to 2023. (mynewsdesk.com)
- According to report the Global Brain Monitoring Market is expected to grow at a CAGR between 6.5% and 7.0 % over the forecast period of 2017 - 2023. (mynewsdesk.com)
- 2017). 'Cystatin D (CST5): An ultra-early inflammatory biomarker of traumatic brain injury. (bi-me.com)
- According to Engle, the claims are based on evidence that shows a strong correlation between working memory capacity (WMC) and general fluid intelligence. (innovations-report.com)
- General fluid intelligence is the ability to infer relationships, do complex reasoning, and solve novel problems. (innovations-report.com)
- The correlation between WMC and fluid intelligence has led some to surmise that increasing WMC should lead to an increase in both fluid intelligence, but "this assumes that the two constructs are the same thing, or that WMC is the basis for fluid intelligence," Engle notes. (innovations-report.com)
- None of the groups showed any training benefit on measures of fluid intelligence. (innovations-report.com)
- People with higher fluid intelligence use specific brain regions to help focus their attention and resist distraction during a difficult mental task. (innovations-report.com)
- We used that variation to identify which brain regions are more critical for fluid intelligence. (innovations-report.com)
- People with higher fluid intelligence should have an easier time resisting being distracted by the conversation and keeping attention focused on the phone number. (innovations-report.com)
- Each participant was administered a standard test of fluid intelligence, known as Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices. (innovations-report.com)
- to evaluate the role of childhood intelligence and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in the prediction of the trajectory of fluid intelligence in healthy old people from age 78 to 81. (nih.gov)
- results suggest that brain MRI measures of WMH (attributed to cerebrovascular disease) and childhood intelligence significantly contribute to late life fluid cognitive ability but not to the trajectory of age-related change in fluid intelligence. (nih.gov)
- Fluid intelligence, which is what brain-training programs target, encompasses our ability to use new information and procedures to form concepts, solve problems and reason on a broad scale. (brainworldmagazine.com)
- Robust predictions of intellectual capabilities were achieved across three independent data sets (680 subjects) and two intelligence measurements (IQ and fluid intelligence) using the same model within each gender. (dericbownds.net)
- In parallel, cognitive scientists and neuroscientists like myself accumulated myriad measurements describing how the brain processes visual information. (wired.com)
- Scientists report that they have mapped the physical architecture of intelligence in the brain . (slashdot.org)
- For the first time, scientists at King's College London have identified a gene linking the thickness of the grey matter in the brain to intelligence. (eurekalert.org)
- The scientists draw significantly on HBP-developed infrastructure resources, like the unique functionalities of EBRAINS Multilevel Brain Atlases, and the powerful computing platform FENIX. (news-medical.net)
- HIBALL will intensify the collaboration of brain scientists and AI experts to accelerate progress in both fields, and furthers international collaboration between the HBP and the global science community and is set to become an official partnering project. (news-medical.net)
- For years, Russian scientists harvested the brains of exceptionally smart people, trying to locate the source of their intelligence. (dana.org)
- But these animals now offer scientists a way to view how different forms of intelligence may evolve. (pacificsciencecenter.org)
- Creating Internet Intelligence is an interdisciplinary treatise exploring the hypothesis that global computer and communication networks will one day evolve into an autonomous intelligent system, and making specific recommendations as to what engineers and scientists can do today to encourage and shape this evolution. (springer.com)
- A team of scientists lead by prof. Stein Aerts (VIB-KU Leuven) is the first to map the gene expression of each individual brain cell during aging in fruit flies. (phys.org)
- Working with fruit flies as model organisms, the scientists took the challenge head on, immediately starting with the most complex organ of all-the brain. (phys.org)
- We have made all of our fly brain data freely available on a unique online analysis platform, where other scientists can deposit their data as well," says Aerts. (phys.org)
- By studying the injuries and aptitudes of Vietnam War veterans who suffered penetrating head wounds during the war, scientists are tackling -- and beginning to answer -- longstanding questions about how the brain works. (technologynetworks.com)
- For decades scientists have tried, mostly in vain, to explain where intelligence resides in our brains. (newscientist.com)
- After analysing the brain as an incredibly dense network of interconnected points, a team of Dutch scientists has found that the most efficiently wired brains tend to belong to the most intelligent people . (newscientist.com)
- Now that scientists are finally getting a grip on what features of the brain underlie intelligence, it may be possible to manipulate them, says van den Heuvel. (newscientist.com)
- Yet, despite the interesting findings, other scientists question how well brain imaging can explain complex emotions. (go.com)
- The limitations of cognitive enhancement drugs will soon be complemented and surpassed by brain machine interfaces. (ieet.org)
- Progress in actual nano-neural brain-machine interfaces, which will require advances in miniaturization, materials and nanotechnology, will enable more profound enhancement. (ieet.org)
- There are a number of promising brain-machines interfaces for boosting intelligence. (ieet.org)
- The ability to reconstruct brain images is an important stepping stone in the work to create better brain-machine interfaces. (technologyreview.com)
- It is the versatility of brain-like intelligence, its robustness and plasticity which makes it the object of our quest. (springer.com)
- A brain-based approach can provide a framework for intelligence, for integration of biology and cognitive processes that have direct implications for education and brain plasticity. (oxfordre.com)
- Over the last decade and a half there has been a steady stream of new insights that further illuminate the dynamics of emotional intelligence. (oreilly.com)
- And by using modern scanning techniques, they are gaining much more detailed insights into the structure and function of the brain than the Russians could achieve through dissection. (dana.org)
- Their resulting "cell atlas" provides unprecedented insights into the workings of the brain as it ages. (phys.org)
- This phenomenon can be described by an equation of the form E = CSr, where E and S are brain and body weights, r a constant that depends on animal family (but close to 2/3 in many vertebrates), and C is the cephalization factor. (wikipedia.org)
- It has been argued that the animal's ecological niche, rather than its evolutionary family, is the main determinant of its encephalization factor C. In the essay "Bligh's Bounty", Stephen Jay Gould noted that if one looks at vertebrates with very low encephalization quotient, their brains are slightly less massive than their spinal cords. (wikipedia.org)
- Previous brain imaging studies have linked general intelligence to the structure and function of the frontal and parietal cortexes. (medicalxpress.com)
- Their findings show that general intelligence is associated with connectivity within and between modules in node clusters in frontal, parietal and other cortical and subcortical regions. (medicalxpress.com)
- This findings facilitate our understanding of the biological basis of intelligence by demonstrating that intelligence is underpinned by a variety of complex neural mechanisms that engage an interacting network of regions-particularly prefrontal-parietal and basal ganglia-whereas the network pattern differs between genders. (dericbownds.net)
- In later decades, men show greater volume loss in whole brain volume and in the frontal lobes, and temporal lobes, whereas in women there is increased volume loss in the hippocampi and parietal lobes. (wikipedia.org)
- Aron Barbey discusses his work linking specific brain injuries, seen here in a brain scan, to impairment on particular cognitive functions. (medicalxpress.com)
- They use 90 percent of the data to train the network to understand the correlation between the brain scan and the original image. (technologyreview.com)
- From here, it is only a short imaginative leap to brain-scan techniques that reveal what people are thinking or dreaming. (technologyreview.com)
- According to Huettel, looking at a functional MRI scan is like looking at areas of little computations in the brain. (go.com)
- The project aims to identify and learn more about biological and environmental factors that might have an influence on normal brain function and mental health in teenagers. (eurekalert.org)
- However, to address often-expressed concerns, this does not imply the end of biological intelligence, even if it is thrown from its perch of evolutionary superiority. (lifeboat.com)
- A brain-based approach to intelligence is a biological metaphor, as Sternberg ( 1990 ) discusses in his textbook Metaphors of Mind . (oxfordre.com)
- In this book, Daniel Goleman explains what we now know about the brain basis of emotional intelligence, in clear and simple terms. (oreilly.com)
- This book will deepen your understanding of emotional intelligence and enhance your ability for its application. (oreilly.com)
- Furthermore, we explored the role of emotional intelligence in the association between GMV and dispositional envy. (nature.com)
- We also found that emotional intelligence partially mediated the association between DLPFC volume and dispositional envy. (nature.com)
- These results provide the first evidence that dispositional envy exhibits a structural neural correlation with the DLPFC and STG, and give a neutral explanation for why individuals with high emotional intelligence exhibit less envy. (nature.com)
- Furthermore, we will elucidate the role of emotional intelligence in predicting dispositional envy. (nature.com)
- Psychologists have stated that emotional intelligence (EQ) might be more important than IQ. (activecommunities.com)
- This finding bolsters the view that general intelligence emerges from the emotional and social context of one's life. (technologynetworks.com)
- Intelligence may originate from the central role of relationships in human life and therefore may be tied to social and emotional capacities. (technologynetworks.com)
- The brain networks found to be important to social adeptness were not identical to those that contribute to general intelligence or emotional intelligence, but there was significant overlap, Barbey said. (technologynetworks.com)
- The evidence suggests that there's an integrated information-processing architecture in the brain, that social problem solving depends upon mechanisms that are engaged for general intelligence and emotional intelligence,' he said. (technologynetworks.com)
- The brain is a deep and complex neural network," says Nikolaus Kriegeskorte of Columbia University, who is chairing the symposium. (eurekalert.org)
- Neural network models are brain-inspired models that are now state-of-the-art in many artificial intelligence applications, such as computer vision. (eurekalert.org)
- Moreover, these neural network models can predict to some extent how a neuron deep in the brain will respond to any image. (eurekalert.org)
- Efficient connection pathways across the entire brain provide a neural network that supports general cognitive function and ability. (neurosciencenews.com)
- Some neuroscientists think intelligence springs from a single region or neural network. (medicalxpress.com)
- You check out this fantastic screencast, which explains how to train a simple neural network using a real world dataset: How to create a neural network in the browser using Brain.js. (youtobia.com)
Adult human brain3
- Variation in gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volume of the adult human brain is primarily genetically determined. (jneurosci.org)
- Here we calculate for the first time that this CVA is about 7.8, based on data from 19 recent MRI studies of adult human brain size in vivo: 11 studies on brain size means and standard deviations, and 8 studies on brain size heritabilities. (blogspot.com)
- The adult human brain weighs on average about 1.5 kg (3.3 lb). (wikipedia.org)
- Software engineering work carried out by the author and his team over the last few years, aimed at seeding the emergence of Internet intelligence, is reviewed in some detail, including the Webmind AI Engine, a uniquely powerful Internet-based digital intelligence, and the Webworld platform for peer-to-peer distributed cognition and artificial life. (springer.com)
- Mr. Diamond puts it succinctly: "I doubt the usual view that hunting was the driving force behind our uniquely human brain and societies. (rationalresponders.com)
- These are the algorithms of everyday intelligence that are at work every time we recognize someone we know, tune in to a single voice at a crowded party, or learn the rules of physics by playing with toys as a baby. (wired.com)
- Last summer, IBM noted that it had hit a milestone in its work on building a brain-inspired computer system. (computerworld.com)
- The exercise is called "Dual N-Back" and it is the focus of a new brain training game called " Brain Workshop " that for once, may actually work. (linuxjournal.com)
- The initiative aims at a high level of interoperability with brain initiatives in Canada and Europe, complementing the ongoing work in the HBP and Canadian initiatives in the field of AI and brain health. (news-medical.net)
- But the deep-er sci-en-tists peer into the work-ings of mem-o-ry, the bet-ter they under-stand what helps to stave off age-relat-ed declines and the clos-er they come to devis-ing poten-tial drugs to help. (sharpbrains.com)
- But Huettel said the multifaceted working of the brain makes studying these emotions an enormous amount of work. (go.com)
- The most consumer accessible brain machine devices that provide some intellectual enhancement are neurofeedback and transcranial direct current stimulation. (ieet.org)
- The Frontal Brain and the Intellectual Processes of Perception, Remembrance, and Reasoning 10. (routledge.com)
- One may say that the mind is not an eclectic collection of intellectual functions of the brain. (oxfordre.com)
- 2014, Naglieri, Das & Goldstein) is designed to provide an assessment of intellectual functioning redefined as four brain-based cognitive processes (Planning, Attention, Simultaneous and Successive), providing information about cognitive strengths and weaknesses in each of the four processes. (wikipedia.org)
- The emerging consensus is that intelligence depends not just of the efficiency or power of various brain regions, but also on the strength of the connections that link them. (dana.org)
- They believe this Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory, or P-FIT , best accounts for the evidence that intelligence depends on several brain regions tightly linked by axon tracks that form superhighways of information. (dana.org)
- We found that general intelligence depends on a remarkably circumscribed neural system," Barbey said. (medicalxpress.com)
- Dr Lisa Hill, of the Institute of Inflammation and Ageing at the University of Birmingham, said: "Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability among young adults and, according to the World Health Organization, by 2020 TBI will become the world's leading cause of neurological disability across all age groups. (bi-me.com)
- Early and correct diagnosis of traumatic brain injury is one of the most challenging aspects facing clinicians. (bi-me.com)
- The new German-Canadian lab HIBALL aims to create a microscopic 3D map of functional neuroanatomy at the cellular level with the help of high-performance computing and artificial intelligence. (news-medical.net)
- But less attention has been paid to the clustering of functional connections into subnetworks, known as modules or communities, which have dense internal connections but are only weakly connected with the rest of the brain network. (medicalxpress.com)
- To this aim, we predicted individual IQ scores for males and females separately using whole-brain functional connectivity (FC). (dericbownds.net)
- One recent report found strong evidence that these white matter tracts are inherited , and van den Heuvel's team is now trying to determine if the same is true for functional brain networks. (newscientist.com)