A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
A game in which two parties of players provided with curved or hooked sticks seek to drive a ball or puck through opposite goals. This applies to either ice hockey or field hockey.
A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).
The organic and psychogenic disturbances observed after closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED). Post-concussion syndrome includes subjective physical complaints (i.e. headache, dizziness), cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes. These disturbances can be chronic, permanent, or late emerging.
Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
Devices or pieces of equipment placed in or around the mouth or attached to instruments to protect the external or internal tissues of the mouth and the teeth.
Individuals who have developed skills, physical stamina and strength or participants in SPORTS or other physical activities.
The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
A two-person sport in which the fists are skillfully used to attack and defend.
Conditions characterized by persistent brain damage or dysfunction as sequelae of cranial trauma. This disorder may result from DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; BRAIN EDEMA; and other conditions. Clinical features may include DEMENTIA; focal neurologic deficits; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; AKINETIC MUTISM; or COMA.
Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
An increase in the rate of speed.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
An imprecise term which may refer to a sense of spatial disorientation, motion of the environment, or lightheadedness.
A sport consisting of hand-to-hand combat between two unarmed contestants seeking to pin or press each other's shoulders to the ground.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.

MR line scan diffusion imaging of the brain in children. (1/303)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MR imaging of the self-diffusion of water has become increasingly popular for the early detection of cerebral infarction in adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate MR line scan diffusion imaging (LSDI) of the brain in children. METHODS: LSDI was performed in four volunteers and 12 patients by using an effective TR/TE of 2736/89.4 and a maximum b value of 450 to 600 s/mm2 applied in the x, y, and z directions. In the volunteers, single-shot echo planar imaging of diffusion (EPID) was also performed. The patients (10 boys and two girls) ranged in age from 2 days to 16 years (average age, 6.6 years). Diagnoses included acute cerebral infarction, seizure disorder, posttraumatic confusion syndrome, complicated migraine, residual astrocytoma, encephalitis, hypoxia without cerebral infarction, cerebral contusion, and conversion disorder. In all patients, routine spin-echo images were also acquired. Trace images and apparent diffusion coefficient maps were produced for each location scanned with LSDI. RESULTS: In the volunteers, LSDI showed less chemical-shift and magnetic-susceptibility artifact and less geometric distortion than did EPID. LSDI was of diagnostic quality in all studies. Diffusion abnormalities were present in five patients. Restricted diffusion was present in the lesions of the three patients with acute cerebral infarction. Mildly increased diffusion was present in the lesions of encephalitis and residual cerebellar astrocytoma. No diffusion abnormalities were seen in the remaining seven children. CONCLUSION: LSDI is feasible in children, provides high-quality diffusion images with less chemical-shift and magnetic-susceptibility artifact and less geometric distortion than does EPID, and complements the routine MR examination.  (+info)

Remediation of attention deficits in head injury. (2/303)

Head injury is associated with psychological sequelae which impair the patient's psychosocial functioning. Information processing, attention and memory deficits are seen in head injuries of all severity. We attempted to improve deficits of focused, sustained and divided attention. The principle of overlapping sources of attention resource pools was utilised in devising the remediation programme. Tasks used simple inexpensive materials. Four head injured young adult males with post concussion syndrome underwent the retraining program for one month. The patients had deficits of focused, sustained and divided attention parallel processing, serial processing, visual scanning, verbal learning and memory and working memory. After the retraining programme the deficits of attention improved in the four patients. Serial processing improved in two patients. Parallel processing and neuropsychological deficits did not improve in any patient. The symptom intensity reduced markedly and behavioural functioning improved in three of the four patients. The results supported an association between improving attention and reduction of symptom intensity. Attention remediation shows promise as a cost effective, time efficient and simple technique to improve the psychological and psychosocial functioning of the head injured patient.  (+info)

Assessment and management of concussion in sports. (3/303)

The most common head injury in sports is concussion. Athletes who sustain a prolonged loss of consciousness should be transported immediately to a hospital for further evaluation. Assessment of less severe injuries should include a thorough neurologic examination. The duration of symptoms and the presence or absence of post-traumatic amnesia and loss of consciousness should be noted. To avoid premature return to play, a good understanding of the possible hazards is important. Potential hazards of premature return to play include the possibility of death from second-impact syndrome, permanent neurologic impairment from cumulative trauma, and the postconcussion syndrome.  (+info)

Traumatic brain injury: diffusion-weighted MR imaging findings. (4/303)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) accounts for a significant portion of primary intra-axial lesions in cases of traumatic brain injury. The goal of this study was to use diffusion-weighted MR imaging to characterize DAI in the setting of acute and subacute traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Nine patients ranging in age from 26 to 78 years were examined with conventional MR imaging (including fast spin-echo T2-weighted, fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery, and gradient-echo sequences) as well as echo-planar diffusion-weighted MR imaging 1 to 18 days after traumatic injury. Lesions were characterized as DAI on the basis of their location and their appearance on conventional MR images. Trace apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps were computed off-line with the diffusion-weighted and base-line images. Areas of increased signal were identified on the diffusion-weighted images, and regions of interests were used to obtain trace ADC values. RESULTS: In the nine patients studied, isotropic diffusion-weighted images showed areas of increased signal with correspondingly decreased ADC. In one case, decreased ADC was seen 18 days after the initial event. CONCLUSION: Decreased ADC can be demonstrated in patients with DAI in the acute setting and may persist into the subacute period, beyond that described for cytotoxic edema in ischemia.  (+info)

Reversible neuropsychological deficits after mild traumatic brain injury. (5/303)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of motivation on performance in a divided attention test of patients after mild traumatic brain injury (MBI). METHODS: Comparison of the performance of 12 patients with MBI with 10 patients with severe brain injury (SBI) and 11 healthy controls in a computer supported divided attention task before (T1) and after (T2) verbal motivation. RESULTS: At T1, the MBI group performed the same as the SBI group but significantly worse than the controls in all variables. At T2, the MBI group performed worse than the controls at T2 but the results were equal to the results of the controls at T1 and significantly better than the SBI group at T1 or T2. At T2 the MBI group performed at the level of published norms for the rest. CONCLUSION: Before verbal motivation the MBI group's results in the divided attention task were comparable with those from patients with severe brain injury. They failed to exploit their performance potential when it depended on self motivation but were able to perform at the level of the control group when external motivation was applied.  (+info)

Magnetization transfer imaging in the detection of injury associated with mild head trauma. (6/303)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most traumatic brain injuries are classified as mild, yet in many instances cognitive deficits result. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible relationships between quantitative magnetization transfer imaging (MTI) and neurocognitive findings in a cohort of patients with mild head trauma but negative findings on conventional MR images. METHODS: We examined 13 patients and 10 healthy volunteers with a standard MR protocol including fast spin-echo and gradient-echo imaging, to which was added quantitative MTI. MTI was performed with a modified gradient-echo sequence incorporating pulsed, off-resonance saturation. Both region-of-interest analysis and contour plots were obtained from the MTI data. A subgroup of nine patients was examined with a battery of neuropsychological tests, comprising 25 measures of neurocognitive ability. RESULTS: The magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) in the splenium of the corpus callosum was lower in the patient group as compared with the control group, but no significant reduction in MTR was found in the pons. Individual regional MTR values were significantly reduced in two cases, and contour plot analysis revealed focal areas of abnormality in the splenium of four patients. All the patients showed impairment on at least three measures of the neuropsychological test battery, and in two cases a significant correlation was found between regional MTR values and neuropsychological performance. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that MTI and contour plot analysis may add sensitivity to the MR imaging examination of patients with traumatic brain injury.  (+info)

Non-invasive screening for surgical intracranial lesions. (7/303)

The value and reliability of the combined results of skull radiographs, electroencephalography, echoencephalography, isotope angiography, and brain scanning in 147 patients suspected of having an intracranial space occupying lesions are analysed. The overall accuracy of the technique was 79%. No false negatives were found. The advantages of adopting the system proposed by the authors in everyday clinical work is discussed.  (+info)

Effectiveness of headgear in a pilot study of under 15 rugby union football. (8/303)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether protective headgear reduced the incidence of concussion in a pilot study of under 15 rugby union. METHODS: Sixteen under 15 rugby union teams were recruited from three interschool competitions in metropolitan Sydney and the adjacent country region. A prospective study was undertaken over a single competitive season. The study had two arms: a headgear arm and a control arm. Headgear wearing rates and injury data were reported to the investigators and verified using spot checks. RESULTS: A total of 294 players participated in the study. There were 1179 player exposures with headgear and 357 without headgear. In the study time frame, there were nine incidences of concussion; seven of the players involved wore headgear and two did not. There was no significant difference between concussion rates between the two study arms. CONCLUSIONS: Although there is some controversy about the desirability of wearing protective headgear in football, this pilot study strongly suggests that current headgear does not provide significant protection against concussion in rugby union at a junior level.  (+info)

A brain concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that is typically caused by a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the head and body. A concussion can also occur from a fall or accident that causes the head to suddenly jerk forward or backward.

The impact or forceful movement causes the brain to move back and forth inside the skull, which can result in stretching and damaging of brain cells, as well as disrupting the normal functioning of the brain. Concussions can range from mild to severe and may cause a variety of symptoms, including:

* Headache or a feeling of pressure in the head
* Temporary loss of consciousness
* Confusion or fogginess
* Amnesia surrounding the traumatic event
* Dizziness or "seeing stars"
* Ringing in the ears
* Nausea or vomiting
* Slurred speech
* Fatigue

In some cases, concussions may also cause more serious symptoms, such as seizures, difficulty walking, loss of balance, and changes in behavior or mood. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect that you or someone else has a brain concussion. A healthcare professional can evaluate the severity of the injury and provide appropriate treatment and follow-up care.

Athletic injuries are damages or injuries to the body that occur while participating in sports, physical activities, or exercise. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

1. Trauma: Direct blows, falls, collisions, or crushing injuries can cause fractures, dislocations, contusions, lacerations, or concussions.
2. Overuse: Repetitive motions or stress on a particular body part can lead to injuries such as tendonitis, stress fractures, or muscle strains.
3. Poor technique: Using incorrect form or technique during exercise or sports can put additional stress on muscles, joints, and ligaments, leading to injury.
4. Inadequate warm-up or cool-down: Failing to properly prepare the body for physical activity or neglecting to cool down afterwards can increase the risk of injury.
5. Lack of fitness or flexibility: Insufficient strength, endurance, or flexibility can make individuals more susceptible to injuries during sports and exercise.
6. Environmental factors: Extreme weather conditions, poor field or court surfaces, or inadequate equipment can contribute to the risk of athletic injuries.

Common athletic injuries include ankle sprains, knee injuries, shoulder dislocations, tennis elbow, shin splints, and concussions. Proper training, warm-up and cool-down routines, use of appropriate protective gear, and attention to technique can help prevent many athletic injuries.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hockey" is not a medical term. It is a popular sport generally played on an ice surface or a field, depending on the variant. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "football" is a popular sport and not a medical term. The term "football" refers to a group of sports that involve kicking a ball with the foot to score goals. The most popular types of football are soccer, American football, Canadian football, Australian rules football, and rugby football.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, I would be happy to help!

Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is not strictly defined by the medical community using a specific set of symptoms or diagnostic tests. Instead, it is generally characterized as a complex disorder in which various symptoms persist for weeks to months after a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). These symptoms can include headaches, dizziness, memory and concentration problems, irritability, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and intolerance to noise and light.

The diagnosis of PCS is typically made based on the patient's history, reported symptoms, and the exclusion of other possible causes for these symptoms. It's important to note that not everyone who experiences a concussion will develop PCS, and the severity and duration of symptoms can vary widely from person to person. Proper management, rest, and a gradual return to normal activities are crucial in the treatment and recovery of PCS.

Head protective devices are equipment designed to protect the head from potential injuries or trauma. These devices often include helmets, hard hats, and bump caps. They are engineered to absorb the impact force, shield the head from sharp objects, or prevent contact with harmful substances. The specific design and construction of these devices vary depending on their intended use, such as for construction, sports, military, or healthcare purposes. It's important to choose and use a head protective device that is appropriate for the specific activity and follows established safety guidelines.

A brain injury is defined as damage to the brain that occurs following an external force or trauma, such as a blow to the head, a fall, or a motor vehicle accident. Brain injuries can also result from internal conditions, such as lack of oxygen or a stroke. There are two main types of brain injuries: traumatic and acquired.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an external force that results in the brain moving within the skull or the skull being fractured. Mild TBIs may result in temporary symptoms such as headaches, confusion, and memory loss, while severe TBIs can cause long-term complications, including physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments.

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is any injury to the brain that occurs after birth and is not hereditary, congenital, or degenerative. ABIs are often caused by medical conditions such as strokes, tumors, anoxia (lack of oxygen), or infections.

Both TBIs and ABIs can range from mild to severe and may result in a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that can impact a person's ability to perform daily activities and function independently. Treatment for brain injuries typically involves a multidisciplinary approach, including medical management, rehabilitation, and supportive care.

Mouth protectors, also known as mouthguards, are devices worn to protect the mouth, teeth, and gums from injury during physical activities or sports that involve body contact or the risk of falling. They typically cover the upper teeth and are designed to absorb and distribute the force of an impact, preventing damage to the teeth, jaw, and soft tissues of the mouth. Mouth protectors can be custom-made by dental professionals, or they can be purchased as prefabricated or boil-and-bite models in sports stores. Using a properly fitted mouth protector is essential for athletes participating in contact sports like football, hockey, basketball, and boxing, as well as non-contact activities such as skateboarding, rollerblading, and bicycling, where accidents or falls can still result in oral injuries.

An "athlete" is defined in the medical field as an individual who actively participates in sports, physical training, or other forms of exercise that require a significant amount of physical exertion and stamina. Athletes are often divided into different categories based on the specific type of sport or activity they engage in, such as:

1. Professional athletes: These are individuals who compete in organized sports at the highest level and earn a living from their athletic pursuits. Examples include professional football players, basketball players, golfers, tennis players, and soccer players.
2. Collegiate athletes: These are students who participate in intercollegiate sports at the university or college level. They may receive scholarships or other forms of financial aid to support their athletic and academic pursuits.
3. Amateur athletes: These are individuals who engage in sports or physical activity for recreation, fitness, or personal enjoyment rather than as a profession. Examples include weekend warriors, joggers, swimmers, and hikers.
4. Elite athletes: These are individuals who have achieved a high level of skill and performance in their chosen sport or activity. They may compete at the national or international level and represent their country in competitions.
5. Para-athletes: These are athletes with disabilities who compete in sports specifically adapted for their abilities. Examples include wheelchair basketball, blind soccer, and deaf swimming.

Regardless of the category, athletes are prone to various medical conditions related to their physical exertion, including musculoskeletal injuries, cardiovascular issues, respiratory problems, and nutritional deficiencies. Therefore, it is essential for athletes to receive regular medical check-ups, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and follow proper training and nutrition guidelines to prevent injuries and optimize their performance.

Sports medicine is a branch of healthcare that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries and illnesses related to sports and exercise. It involves a multidisciplinary approach, including medical doctors, orthopedic surgeons, physical therapists, athletic trainers, and other healthcare professionals who work together to help athletes and active individuals return to their desired level of activity as quickly and safely as possible.

The scope of sports medicine includes the management of acute injuries such as sprains, strains, fractures, and dislocations, as well as chronic overuse injuries like tendinitis, stress fractures, and bursitis. It also addresses medical conditions that can affect athletic performance or overall health, including concussions, asthma, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Preventive care is an essential component of sports medicine, with healthcare providers educating athletes on proper warm-up and cool-down techniques, nutrition, hydration, and injury prevention strategies to reduce the risk of future injuries. Additionally, sports medicine professionals may work with coaches, trainers, and athletes to develop safe training programs that promote optimal performance while minimizing the risk of injury.

Unconsciousness is a state of complete awareness where a person is not responsive to stimuli and cannot be awakened. It is often caused by severe trauma, illness, or lack of oxygen supply to the brain. In medical terms, it is defined as a lack of response to verbal commands, pain, or other stimuli, indicating that the person's brain is not functioning at a level necessary to maintain wakefulness and awareness.

Unconsciousness can be described as having different levels, ranging from drowsiness to deep coma. The causes of unconsciousness can vary widely, including head injury, seizure, stroke, infection, drug overdose, or lack of oxygen supply to the brain. Depending on the cause and severity, unconsciousness may last for a few seconds or continue for an extended period, requiring medical intervention and treatment.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sports Equipment" is not a term that typically has a medical definition. It generally refers to the physical items or gear used in sports and athletic activities, such as balls, bats, helmets, protective pads, etc. If you're looking for a term related to sports that has a medical definition, I'd be happy to help with that!

A closed head injury is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that occurs when there is no penetration or breakage of the skull. The brain is encased in the skull and protected by cerebrospinal fluid, but when the head experiences a sudden impact or jolt, the brain can move back and forth within the skull, causing it to bruise, tear blood vessels, or even cause nerve damage. This type of injury can result from various incidents such as car accidents, sports injuries, falls, or any other event that causes the head to suddenly stop or change direction quickly.

Closed head injuries can range from mild (concussion) to severe (diffuse axonal injury, epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma), and symptoms may not always be immediately apparent. They can include headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, memory loss, difficulty concentrating, mood changes, sleep disturbances, and in severe cases, loss of consciousness, seizures, or even coma. It is essential to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect a closed head injury, as prompt diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve the outcome.

'Boxing' is a combat sport that involves two competitors throwing punches at each other with gloved hands within a ring. According to medical definitions, boxing can pose several potential risks and injuries to the participants, including but not limited to:

1. Cuts and bruises from punches or headbutts
2. Fractures or dislocations of bones in the hands, wrists, or face
3. Concussions or traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) from blows to the head
4. Eye injuries, including retinal detachment and cataracts
5. Internal bleeding or organ damage
6. Long-term neurological problems, such as Parkinson's disease or chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)

It is important for boxers to undergo regular medical evaluations and take measures to minimize the risks associated with the sport, such as wearing protective gear and using proper technique.

A chronic brain injury, also known as a traumatic brain injury (TBI), is an injury to the brain that results in long-term or permanent impairment. It is caused by a significant blow to the head or body, or by a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal functioning of the brain.

Chronic brain injuries can result in a wide range of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms, including:

* Persistent headaches or migraines
* Difficulty with memory, concentration, and decision-making
* Changes in mood, such as depression, anxiety, or irritability
* Difficulty with communication, including speaking and understanding language
* Sensory problems, such as vision or hearing loss
* Seizures
* Balance and coordination problems
* Weakness or paralysis on one side of the body

These symptoms can vary in severity and may not be immediately apparent following the initial injury. In some cases, they may not become apparent until days, weeks, or even months after the injury.

Chronic brain injuries are often classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the level of consciousness loss and the presence of other neurological deficits. Mild TBIs, also known as concussions, may not cause long-term impairment, while moderate to severe TBIs can result in significant disability and require ongoing rehabilitation and support.

Treatment for chronic brain injuries typically involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes medical management of symptoms, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, and counseling or psychotherapy. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to address structural damage to the brain.

Brain chemistry refers to the chemical processes that occur within the brain, particularly those involving neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, and neuropeptides. These chemicals are responsible for transmitting signals between neurons (nerve cells) in the brain, allowing for various cognitive, emotional, and physical functions.

Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that transmit signals across the synapse (the tiny gap between two neurons). Examples of neurotransmitters include dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine, GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), and glutamate. Each neurotransmitter has a specific role in brain function, such as regulating mood, motivation, attention, memory, and movement.

Neuromodulators are chemicals that modify the effects of neurotransmitters on neurons. They can enhance or inhibit the transmission of signals between neurons, thereby modulating brain activity. Examples of neuromodulators include acetylcholine, histamine, and substance P.

Neuropeptides are small protein-like molecules that act as neurotransmitters or neuromodulators. They play a role in various physiological functions, such as pain perception, stress response, and reward processing. Examples of neuropeptides include endorphins, enkephalins, and oxytocin.

Abnormalities in brain chemistry can lead to various neurological and psychiatric conditions, such as depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Understanding brain chemistry is crucial for developing effective treatments for these conditions.

"Trauma severity indices" refer to various scoring systems used by healthcare professionals to evaluate the severity of injuries in trauma patients. These tools help standardize the assessment and communication of injury severity among different members of the healthcare team, allowing for more effective and consistent treatment planning, resource allocation, and prognosis estimation.

There are several commonly used trauma severity indices, including:

1. Injury Severity Score (ISS): ISS is an anatomical scoring system that evaluates the severity of injuries based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). The body is divided into six regions, and the square of the highest AIS score in each region is summed to calculate the ISS. Scores range from 0 to 75, with higher scores indicating more severe injuries.
2. New Injury Severity Score (NISS): NISS is a modification of the ISS that focuses on the three most severely injured body regions, regardless of their anatomical location. The three highest AIS scores are squared and summed to calculate the NISS. This scoring system tends to correlate better with mortality than the ISS in some studies.
3. Revised Trauma Score (RTS): RTS is a physiological scoring system that evaluates the patient's respiratory, cardiovascular, and neurological status upon arrival at the hospital. It uses variables such as Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), systolic blood pressure, and respiratory rate to calculate a score between 0 and 7.84, with lower scores indicating more severe injuries.
4. Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS): TRISS is a combined anatomical and physiological scoring system that estimates the probability of survival based on ISS or NISS, RTS, age, and mechanism of injury (blunt or penetrating). It uses logistic regression equations to calculate the predicted probability of survival.
5. Pediatric Trauma Score (PTS): PTS is a physiological scoring system specifically designed for children under 14 years old. It evaluates six variables, including respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, capillary refill time, GCS, and temperature to calculate a score between -6 and +12, with lower scores indicating more severe injuries.

These scoring systems help healthcare professionals assess the severity of trauma, predict outcomes, allocate resources, and compare patient populations in research settings. However, they should not replace clinical judgment or individualized care for each patient.

Brain neoplasms, also known as brain tumors, are abnormal growths of cells within the brain. These growths can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign brain tumors typically grow slowly and do not spread to other parts of the body. However, they can still cause serious problems if they press on sensitive areas of the brain. Malignant brain tumors, on the other hand, are cancerous and can grow quickly, invading surrounding brain tissue and spreading to other parts of the brain or spinal cord.

Brain neoplasms can arise from various types of cells within the brain, including glial cells (which provide support and insulation for nerve cells), neurons (nerve cells that transmit signals in the brain), and meninges (the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord). They can also result from the spread of cancer cells from other parts of the body, known as metastatic brain tumors.

Symptoms of brain neoplasms may vary depending on their size, location, and growth rate. Common symptoms include headaches, seizures, weakness or paralysis in the limbs, difficulty with balance and coordination, changes in speech or vision, confusion, memory loss, and changes in behavior or personality.

Treatment for brain neoplasms depends on several factors, including the type, size, location, and grade of the tumor, as well as the patient's age and overall health. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these approaches. Regular follow-up care is essential to monitor for recurrence and manage any long-term effects of treatment.

Craniocerebral trauma, also known as traumatic brain injury (TBI), is a type of injury that occurs to the head and brain. It can result from a variety of causes, including motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports injuries, violence, or other types of trauma. Craniocerebral trauma can range in severity from mild concussions to severe injuries that cause permanent disability or death.

The injury typically occurs when there is a sudden impact to the head, causing the brain to move within the skull and collide with the inside of the skull. This can result in bruising, bleeding, swelling, or tearing of brain tissue, as well as damage to blood vessels and nerves. In severe cases, the skull may be fractured or penetrated, leading to direct injury to the brain.

Symptoms of craniocerebral trauma can vary widely depending on the severity and location of the injury. They may include headache, dizziness, confusion, memory loss, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, changes in vision or hearing, weakness or numbness in the limbs, balance problems, and behavioral or emotional changes. In severe cases, the person may lose consciousness or fall into a coma.

Treatment for craniocerebral trauma depends on the severity of the injury. Mild injuries may be treated with rest, pain medication, and close monitoring, while more severe injuries may require surgery, intensive care, and rehabilitation. Prevention is key to reducing the incidence of craniocerebral trauma, including measures such as wearing seat belts and helmets, preventing falls, and avoiding violent situations.

Neuropsychological tests are a type of psychological assessment that measures cognitive functions, such as attention, memory, language, problem-solving, and perception. These tests are used to help diagnose and understand the cognitive impact of neurological conditions, including dementia, traumatic brain injury, stroke, Parkinson's disease, and other disorders that affect the brain.

The tests are typically administered by a trained neuropsychologist and can take several hours to complete. They may involve paper-and-pencil tasks, computerized tasks, or interactive activities. The results of the tests are compared to normative data to help identify any areas of cognitive weakness or strength.

Neuropsychological testing can provide valuable information for treatment planning, rehabilitation, and assessing response to treatment. It can also be used in research to better understand the neural basis of cognition and the impact of neurological conditions on cognitive function.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "soccer" is not a medical term. It is the common name for the sport also known as football in many parts of the world. The official name of the sport in the United States and Canada is "soccer," which helps distinguish it from other forms of football that involve carrying the ball, such as American football or Canadian football.

If you have any medical questions or terms you'd like defined, I'd be happy to help!

In the context of medicine and physiology, acceleration refers to the process of increasing or quickening a function or process. For example, heart rate acceleration is an increase in the speed at which the heart beats. It can also refer to the rate at which something increases, such as the acceleration of muscle strength during rehabilitation. In physics terms, acceleration refers to the rate at which an object changes its velocity, but this definition is not typically used in a medical context.

Brain mapping is a broad term that refers to the techniques used to understand the structure and function of the brain. It involves creating maps of the various cognitive, emotional, and behavioral processes in the brain by correlating these processes with physical locations or activities within the nervous system. Brain mapping can be accomplished through a variety of methods, including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scans, electroencephalography (EEG), and others. These techniques allow researchers to observe which areas of the brain are active during different tasks or thoughts, helping to shed light on how the brain processes information and contributes to our experiences and behaviors. Brain mapping is an important area of research in neuroscience, with potential applications in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Martial Arts" is not a medical term. It refers to various systems and traditions of combat and self-defense that are practiced as recreational activities, physical fitness, spiritual development, or as a profession. Examples include karate, judo, kung fu, taekwondo, and many others.

If you have any medical concerns or questions, I'd be happy to help if I can!

Computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the diagnostic process. It involves the use of advanced algorithms and data analysis techniques to analyze medical images, laboratory results, and other patient data to help healthcare professionals make more accurate and timely diagnoses. CAD systems can help identify patterns and anomalies that may be difficult for humans to detect, and they can provide second opinions and flag potential errors or uncertainties in the diagnostic process.

CAD systems are often used in conjunction with traditional diagnostic methods, such as physical examinations and patient interviews, to provide a more comprehensive assessment of a patient's health. They are commonly used in radiology, pathology, cardiology, and other medical specialties where imaging or laboratory tests play a key role in the diagnostic process.

While CAD systems can be very helpful in the diagnostic process, they are not infallible and should always be used as a tool to support, rather than replace, the expertise of trained healthcare professionals. It's important for medical professionals to use their clinical judgment and experience when interpreting CAD results and making final diagnoses.

A "Research Report" in the medical context is a comprehensive and systematic documentation of the entire process, findings, and conclusions of a scientific research study. It typically includes an abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion sections. The report may also contain information about the funding sources, potential conflicts of interest, and ethical considerations related to the research. The purpose of a research report is to allow other researchers to critically evaluate the study, replicate its findings, and build upon its knowledge. It should adhere to strict standards of scientific reporting and be written in a clear, concise, and objective manner.

Dizziness is a term used to describe a range of sensations, such as feeling lightheaded, faint, unsteady, or a false sense of spinning or moving. Medically, dizziness is often described as a non-specific symptom that can be caused by various underlying conditions or factors. These may include:

1. Inner ear disorders (such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, labyrinthitis, vestibular neuronitis, or Meniere's disease)
2. Cardiovascular problems (like low blood pressure, arrhythmias, or orthostatic hypotension)
3. Neurological issues (such as migraines, multiple sclerosis, or stroke)
4. Anxiety disorders and panic attacks
5. Side effects of medications
6. Dehydration or overheating
7. Infections (like viral infections or bacterial meningitis)
8. Head or neck injuries
9. Low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia)

It is essential to consult a healthcare professional if you experience persistent dizziness, as it can be a sign of a more severe underlying condition. The appropriate treatment will depend on the specific cause of the dizziness.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "wrestling" is not a medical term. It is an athletic activity or sport that involves two individuals trying to physically manipulate each other into a dominant position or force their opponent to the ground. If you have any medical questions or concerns, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

The brain is the central organ of the nervous system, responsible for receiving and processing sensory information, regulating vital functions, and controlling behavior, movement, and cognition. It is divided into several distinct regions, each with specific functions:

1. Cerebrum: The largest part of the brain, responsible for higher cognitive functions such as thinking, learning, memory, language, and perception. It is divided into two hemispheres, each controlling the opposite side of the body.
2. Cerebellum: Located at the back of the brain, it is responsible for coordinating muscle movements, maintaining balance, and fine-tuning motor skills.
3. Brainstem: Connects the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord, controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. It also serves as a relay center for sensory information and motor commands between the brain and the rest of the body.
4. Diencephalon: A region that includes the thalamus (a major sensory relay station) and hypothalamus (regulates hormones, temperature, hunger, thirst, and sleep).
5. Limbic system: A group of structures involved in emotional processing, memory formation, and motivation, including the hippocampus, amygdala, and cingulate gyrus.

The brain is composed of billions of interconnected neurons that communicate through electrical and chemical signals. It is protected by the skull and surrounded by three layers of membranes called meninges, as well as cerebrospinal fluid that provides cushioning and nutrients.

Cognitive disorders are a category of mental health disorders that primarily affect cognitive abilities including learning, memory, perception, and problem-solving. These disorders can be caused by various factors such as brain injury, degenerative diseases, infection, substance abuse, or developmental disabilities. Examples of cognitive disorders include dementia, amnesia, delirium, and intellectual disability. It's important to note that the specific definition and diagnostic criteria for cognitive disorders may vary depending on the medical source or classification system being used.

Neck injuries refer to damages or traumas that occur in any part of the neck, including soft tissues (muscles, ligaments, tendons), nerves, bones (vertebrae), and joints (facet joints, intervertebral discs). These injuries can result from various incidents such as road accidents, falls, sports-related activities, or work-related tasks. Common neck injuries include whiplash, strain or sprain of the neck muscles, herniated discs, fractured vertebrae, and pinched nerves, which may cause symptoms like pain, stiffness, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the neck, shoulders, arms, or hands. Immediate medical attention is necessary for proper diagnosis and treatment to prevent further complications and ensure optimal recovery.

Concussions account for nearly 10% of sport injuries, and are the second leading cause of brain injury for young people ages 15 ... Concussions Extra Dangerous to Teen Brains, CNN, 4 February 2010 Heading Off Sports Injuries, Newsweek, 5 Feb 2010 High School ... Concussion grading systems are sets of criteria used in sports medicine to determine the severity, or grade, of a concussion, ... "Concussion Grading Scale: Brain Injury Lawyers." Pines Salomon Injury Lawyers, APC., https://seriousaccidents.com/concussion- ...
Look up concussion or concuss in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury. Concussion ... an American biographical sports drama directed by Peter Landesman Concussion (album), a 2001 album by Matthew Ryan Concussion ( ... plate movement or collision All pages with titles beginning with Concussion All pages with titles containing concussion Phonon ... may also refer to: Concussion (2013 film), an American drama directed by Stacie Passon Concussion (2015 film), ...
Mild brain injury-related factors that increase the risk for persisting post-concussion symptoms include an injury associated ... "Post-concussion syndrome -Symptoms and causes". Mayo Clinic. Iverson GL (May 2005). "Outcome from mild traumatic brain injury ... About 38% of people who have a head injury with symptoms of concussion and no radiological evidence of brain lesions meet these ... It is possible that children's brains have enough plasticity that they are not affected by long-term consequences of concussion ...
"Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion". Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 12 May 2021. "Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)". ... Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by neurological damage due to an open or closed head injury. The most frequent causes of ... Global aphasia is a type of aphasia that occurs in people where a large portion of the language center of the brain has been ... Aphasia is a language disorder that is caused by damage to the tissue in the language center in the brain. The type of incident ...
"Concussion injuries to the brain". Comprehensive Ophthalmology (fourth ed.). New Age International (P): 311. Hutchinson's pupil ... These can be due to concussion injury to the brain and is associated with subdural haemorrhage and unconsciousness. The ...
A concussion also falls under the category of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Especially in contact sports like Australian rules ... For a child diagnosed with a concussion, the real issue is returning to school rather than the sporting field, as a concussion ... "Management of Concussion in Rugby League". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) "What is concussion?". www. ... Introduced in 2013 in the AFL, a player suspected of having a concussion must take a 20 minute concussion test. Introduced in ...
Schwarz, Alan (2008-09-23). "12 Athletes Leaving Brains to Concussion Study". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-25. "The ... to date found that the cumulative force of head hits absorbed by players in their careers is the best predictor of future brain ... driving force behind Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)". Concussion Legacy Foundation. Retrieved July 2, 2023. Ken Belson ...
". "Neuropsychology, Neuropsychologist, Forensic, IME, Brain Injury, Concussion". Brain and Behavioral Associates, PC. ... Human Brain Mapping. 31 (3): 398-409. doi:10.1002/hbm.20874. ISSN 1097-0193. PMC 2826582. PMID 19722171. Flores, Ranee A.; ... Behavioural Brain Research. 214 (2): 143-156. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2010.05.015. ISSN 0166-4328. PMID 20488210. S2CID 16666568. ... "Functional craniology and brain evolution: from paleontology to biomedicine". Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. 8: 19. doi:10.3389/ ...
Tony Care (26 July 2011). "Donated CFL brains show concussion-related disease". CBC News. Retrieved 2 January 2012. Tony ... Following his death, his brain was donated to research in sports-related brain damage. His brain, unlike others, showed no ... Sean Fitz-Gerald (26 July 2011). "Researchers find degenerative disease in brains donated by CFL players". National Post. ...
"Welch to donate brain for concussion study". Edmonton Journal. Retrieved 2008-12-18. "Molinari On The Penguins: Building the ... Welch has decided to donate his brain to concussion research at the Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy at the ... Penguins ... brains not included". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2008-10-26. Atchue, A.J. (March 24, 2011). "Postma has dedicated ...
Campbell had a severe concussion of the brain. Doctors later discovered that his brain had been knocked loose from the ... Brain specialist Tilton E. Tillman "declared death had been caused by a succession of blows on the jaw and not by any struck on ... the rear of the head," and that Campbell's brain had been "knocked completely loose from his skull." The California State ...
Knight suffered a severe brain concussion and bruises. The first words he cried were, "I didn't hit him, I didn't hit him!" ...
"Kate Courtney presents CrashCourse concussion brain fly-through". cyclingnews.com. 2020-07-14. Retrieved 2021-11-27. Official ... In 2020, she starred in a concussion education video as part of the CrashCourse virtual reality series for TeachAids. She ...
"Boogaard's family will donate brain for concussion research". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. "Boogaard had brain ailment caused by ... After his brain was removed for the SLI study, Boogaard's body was cremated. His mother keeps the ashes in an informal shrine ... The team said he was recovering from a concussion, but he was actually at a drug rehabilitation centre in Southern California. ... While the league has taken some steps to address the concussion problem, most recently in banning blindside hits to the head ...
In March 2016, Chastain announced that she would donate her brain after death for concussion research. On December 10, 2019, ... Peterson, Anne M. (March 3, 2016). "Brandi Chastain pledges her brain for concussion study". The San Diego Union-Tribune. ... Brennan, Christine (March 3, 2016). "Soccer icon Brandi Chastain agrees to donate brain for concussion research". USA Today. ...
"Athletes agree to donate brains for concussion study". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. September 24, 2008. Rutter, Emily. (May 26, ... School of Medicine and Sports Legacy Institute in order to have research into the effects of concussions on the human brain ... Kacyvenski, like many NFL players, suffered a number of concussions over the course of his playing career. At the end of 2008, ... Also in September, Kacyvenski, the first of five other former NFL players that soon followed, agreed to donate his brain upon ...
Cyclingnews (2020-07-14). "Kate Courtney presents CrashCourse concussion brain fly-through". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2021-11 ... In 2020, Kate Courtney starred in a concussion education video for their CrashCourse virtual reality series. The TeachAids ... concussions, and COVID-19, based on an approach invented through research at Stanford University. The TeachAids software for ...
Boston University CTE Center and Brain Bank Concussions in sport Han, Esther (26 March 2018). "Australia's first sports brain ... Convery, Stephanie (29 April 2021). "Damage found after late AFLW player Jacinda Barclay donates brain for concussion research ... Proszenko, Adrian (4 December 2019). "Fenech pledges brain to science for concussion research". Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax ... Jacinda Barclay was the first contact sportswoman in Australia to donate her brain to the Australian Sports Brain Bank. Barclay ...
In December 2020, she pledged to donate her brain to science for concussion research after her death. "Canada - 2014 Tournament ... "Team Canada's Erin Ambrose donating brain for concussion research". Archived from the original on October 12, 2022. Retrieved ...
It causes death by a concussion to the brain. Gunshot may be used, but only in cases where a penetrating captive bolt may not ... High-intensity microwave irradiation of the brain can preserve brain tissue and induce death in less than 1 second, but this is ... Studies of brain function, such as memory and social behavior, often use rats and birds. For some species, behavioral research ... Brook, Tom Vanden, "Brain Study, Animal Rights Collide", USA Today (7 April 2009), p. 1. Kelly, Jon (7 March 2013). "Who, What ...
He suffered a brain concussion and never regained consciousness. Thomas S. Hastings was born in New York City on March 11, 1860 ...
"Concussion (Mild Traumatic Brain Injury) and the Team Physician". Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 38 (2): 395-399. ... The most challenging aspect to managing sport-related concussion (mild traumatic brain injury, TBI) is recognizing the injury. ... The LVN is located near the connection between the brain and the brain stem, which suggests that excessive force to the head ... Concussion in Sport (CIS) Group (2002). "Summary and Agreement Statement of the 1st International Symposium on Concussion in ...
... and damage to all four lobes of the brain and brain stem. Bailes and his colleagues concluded that repeated concussions can ... "Benoit's Brain Showed Severe Damage From Multiple Concussions, Doctor and Dad Say". Good Morning America. ABC News. September 5 ... "Benoit's Brain Showed Severe Damage From Multiple Concussions, Doctor and Dad Say". Abcnews.go.com. September 5, 2007. ... "Benoit's Brain Showed Severe Damage From Multiple Concussions, Doctor and Dad Say". ABC News. September 5, 2007. Retrieved ...
"Benoit's Brain Showed Severe Damage From Multiple Concussions, Doctor and Dad Say". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved September 5, 2007 ... "Brain Study: Concussions Caused Benoit's Rage". WSB Atlanta. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved ... similar to the brains of four retired NFL players who had multiple concussions, sank into depression, and harmed themselves or ... a condition of brain damage, from numerous concussions that Benoit had sustained during his professional wrestling career were ...
Laskas, Jeanne Marie (September 15, 2009). "Game Brain: Football Players and Concussions". GQ. Archived from the original on ... The brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) was initially discovered in his brain during his autopsy. Webster was ... Webster's brain resembled those of boxers with "dementia pugilistica", also known as "punch-drunk syndrome". Omalu's findings ... Jeanne Marie Laksak, Concussion (2015). ISBN 0812987578 Laksak, 2015 Frontline. "The Autopsy That Changed Football". PBS. ...
"Game Brain: Football Players and Concussions". GQ. Archived from the original on 11 November 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015. ... "Timeline: The NFL's Concussion Crisis - League of Denial: The NFL's Concussion Crisis - FRONTLINE". FRONTLINE. PBS. Retrieved ... Fitzsimmons to fund the Brain Injury Research Institute which established a brain and tissue bank. In November 2006, Omalu ... Bennet Omalu on CTE and Brain Injuries - YouTube "CV: Bennet Omalu", UC Davis Medical Center "Bennet Omalu, M.D., M.B.A., MPH, ...
Jaffee, MS; Winter, WC (2015). "Sleep disturbances in athletic concussion". Brain Injury. 29 (2): 221-7. doi:10.3109/ ...
His death was attributed to a concussion on the brain. The archduke was 67 years old. Constantin von Wurzbach: Habsburg, ...
Lowden's family donated his brain to scientific research into concussion. "Family of Nick Lowden reveal 'frightening' change ...
It can result from traumatic brain injury such as concussion. Ischemic stroke and brain bleeding are other causes of altered ... A concussion, which is a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) may result in decreased LOC. Treatment depends on the degree of ... A lowered level of consciousness indicate a deficit in brain function. Level of consciousness can be lowered when the brain ... such as brain herniation. Mass lesions in the brain stem normally cause coma due to their effects on the reticular formation. ...
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Guideline for Adults. *CDC Pediatric mTBI Guidelineplus icon*CDC Pediatric mTBI Guideline Checklist ... Some mild TBI and concussion symptoms may appear right away, while others may not appear for hours or days after the injury. ... In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot that crowds the brain against the skull can develop. The people checking on you should ... Symptoms generally improve over time, and most people with a mild TBI or concussion feel better within a couple of weeks. ...
A concussion happens when brain tissue quickly accelerates or decelerates, causing it to change shape. This stretches and ... Head case: Concussion collaboration tries to reduce brain trauma in college athletes. ... He would later learn he had suffered his fifth concussion in five years, his final college game a 23-21 win over Penn State. ... The problem with the system: "Its the same protocol for every concussion, no matter how severe it is," Mogus said. "I beat my ...
At the Brain Injury Law Group we recognize that privacy is important. We do not share any hidden electronic data from our ... Privacy Policy for Brain Injury Law Group, S.C.. The Brain Injury Law Group, S.C. recognizes that the users privacy is ... Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness:Closing Thoughts April 12, 2013. *Brain Injury Recovery Story: Miracle Kid by Zachary Gauvin ... Brain Injury Law Group. Attorney Gordon S. Johnson, Jr.. 212 Whitetail Run Ln.. Sheboygan, Wisconsin. 800-992-9447. Email Us ...
"Brain Concussion" by people in this website by year, and whether "Brain Concussion" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Brain Concussion" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Brain Concussion" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Brain Concussion". ...
This is a mild brain injury that can result when the head hits an object or a moving object strikes the head. It can affect how ... This is a mild brain injury that can result when the head hits an object or a moving object strikes the head. It can affect how ... Mild brain injury in children - discharge; Brain injury in children - discharge; Mild traumatic brain injury in children - ... Sports-related traumatic brain injury (concussion). In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. ...
Brain injuries can range from mild to severe. The following interesting infographic provides some stats about brain injuries. ... Concussions & Brain Injury Facts. Although, we suggest and follow many precautions to take care of our head while playing, ... Brain injuries can range from mild to severe. The following interesting infographic provides some stats about brain injuries. ...
Concussion symptom improved with simple brain activity. Volunteer subjects for the study were 46 NCAA Division I and ... Summary: A new study reports performing a simple cognitive task four days after a concussion can help activate brain areas that ... Mild Problem Solving Tasks Improve Brain Function After Concussion. Posted on June 19, 2018 by NatureKnows ... Breakthrough brain stimulator could revolutionize treatment for neurological disorders * Exercise changes the brain in a way ...
... students with concussions and traumatic brain injuries can minimize their symptoms and keep their brains healthy. Here are ten ... 1. Get plenty of rest: Your brain needs time to heal after a concussion, so make sure to prioritize rest and get plenty of ... Living with a concussion or traumatic brain injury can be incredibly challenging, especially for students who are trying to ... By implementing these tips and seeking out the necessary accommodations, students with concussions and traumatic brain injuries ...
Be good to your brain and take concussions seriously. If you have a concussion, get an assessment to find what functions have ... After a concussion, you may need to get help to take the steps to protect and heal your brain. Just because you can still walk ... Our brains have an abundance of nodes and connections, so a mild concussion may appear to be innocuous. Unfortunately, this is ... A concussion is when your brain is sloshed around hard enough to break some of its neurons and neurofilaments, destroying nodes ...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is injured by external forces - either a blow to the head, or rapid starting ... Predictors and outcomes of traumatic brain injury (concussion) in children. *Mytton, Julie (Principal Investigator) ... Mild TBI is commonly known as concussion, and this can lead on to post-concussion syndrome, a condition which affects every ... concussion in children aged 1-17, and (iii) post-concussion syndrome in children aged 1-17.. Results from this study will help ...
We recently added a post to our Child Brain Injury Blog about the midst of controversy surrounding Tim Tebow and his concussion ... To read more about the Florida quarterbacks condition, concussions and other brain injuries, and what we can learn from this ... California Child Brain Injury Lawyer for Large Settlement $6,500,000.00. *California Child Brain Damage Settlement $500,000.00 ... has been injured while playing sports and you believe he or she may have suffered a concussion or another type of brain injury ...
Separate the myths and truths around traumatic brain injury ... Concussions temporarily change how the brain works. This can be ... Warfighter Brain Health Hub Be a Brain Warrior: Protect. Treat. Optimize. Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence Brain ... What Happens To The Brain After A TBI?. What Happens to the Brain After a TBI? This video explores the effects of concussion on ... Warfighter Brain Health Hub , Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence , Be a Brain Warrior: Protect. Treat. Optimize. ...
Concussions account for nearly 10% of sport injuries, and are the second leading cause of brain injury for young people ages 15 ... Concussions Extra Dangerous to Teen Brains, CNN, 4 February 2010 Heading Off Sports Injuries, Newsweek, 5 Feb 2010 High School ... Concussion grading systems are sets of criteria used in sports medicine to determine the severity, or grade, of a concussion, ... "Concussion Grading Scale: Brain Injury Lawyers." Pines Salomon Injury Lawyers, APC., https://seriousaccidents.com/concussion- ...
Melatonin Linked to Improved Brain Function in Child Concussion Posted on August 20, 2020. Posted in Latest News ... Melatonin could improve brain functions related to sleep quality in children recovering from concussion, according to a ... Omega-3 long-chain fatty acids and their use in traumatic brain injury and concussions ... Using the latest brain mapping techniques, researchers examined Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans from 62 children before ...
Clinical Neuropsychology; mild traumatic brain injury; concussion. Current research program focuses on (1) understanding how ... How do brain cells together decide to shift strategy? In my lab, we study the neural mechanisms of cognitive flexibility, which ... I have always been interested in neuro- and cognitive plasticity, i.e., how our brain and certain cognitive abilities adapt and ... I examine these brains and behaviour relationships using eye tracking, functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), ...
CONCUSSION AND BRAIN HEALTH POSITION STATEMENT 2024 RELEASED. Learn more Become an SMA Member. ...
... or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), is common among contact and collision sports participants. One definition of concussion ... Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), is common among contact and collision sports participants. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ... Concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is common among most contact and collision sports participants. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ... Hughes S. Brain Injury Lingers at Least 4 Months After Concussion. Medscape Medical News. Nov 26 2013. [Full Text]. ...
to monitor brain vital signs using the NeuroCatch® Platform in a high-impact concussion study in student athletes. ... The BRAIN team at Brentwood College School has partnered with NeuroCatch Inc. ... BRAIN teambrain vital signbrentwood college schoolbrentwood research applied innovation in neuroscienceconcussioncontact sports ... The BRAIN team is currently beginning the second term of brain vital sign monitoring to focus on changes in cognitive brain ...
Latest stories about Brain Damage on Business Insider ... even if theyve never had concussion symptoms A new study shows ... Heading a soccer ball weakens your brain, risking injury Soccer ball heading releases a chemical in the brain that can impair ... brains of football players as young as 8 who have had no concussion symptoms still show changes associated with traumatic brain ... Brain stimulation partly awakened a patient after 15 years in a vegetative state A man who has been in a vegetative state for ...
... after suffering a concussion before you feel like youve fully recovered. But pictures of your brain may say - December 13, ... If you already had a medical problem at the time of your concussion, it may take longer for you to recover from your brain ... According to results, concussion victims displayed severe signs of concussions right after the accident, compared to those who ... Determining when the brain has fully recovered is critical to the long-term health and wellbeing of someone who has sustained ...
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (Concussion) Education. In collaboration with the College of Family physicians and the Provincial ... Cognitive Intervention for Children with Traumatic Brain Injury. This one year pilot study will examine the effectiveness of a ... intervention with children 7-15 years of age who are experiencing difficulties at home and school after a traumatic brain ...
Home » Health News » How side hit to the head could damage brain, lead to concussion: While probing the origins of concussion, ... How side hit to the head could damage brain, lead to concussion: While probing the origins of concussion, researchers identify ... Accident and TraumaBrain InjuryBrain TumorBrain-Computer InterfacesintelligenceNervous SystemNeurosciencePsychology Research ... lead to concussion: While probing the origins of concussion, researchers identify which regions of the brain are more ...
Assessment and Management of Dizziness and Visual Disturbances Following Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. .PDF , 1.03 MB ... Be a Brain Warrior: Protect. Treat. Optimize.. The Department of Defense considers protecting, treating, and optimizing brain ... Warfighter Brain Health Hub The National Intrepid Center of Excellence Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence Vision ... Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence Traumatic Brain Injury Resources for Medical Providers Vision Center of Excellence ...
2023). Comparison of self-reported lifetime concussions and mild traumatic brain injuries among adults. Daugherty, Jill and ... "Comparison of self-reported lifetime concussions and mild traumatic brain injuries among adults" , 2023. Export RIS Citation ... Title : Comparison of self-reported lifetime concussions and mild traumatic brain injuries among adults Personal Author(s) : ... Comparison of self-reported lifetime concussions and mild traumatic brain injuries among adults. ...
How Concussions Impact Brain Health. Be Healthy. Move Over Pain: How Physical Therapy Can Improve Mobility & Motion. ...
It helps provide important information to our brains about motion, head position and spatial orientation. This system is called ... We all have a sensory system that helps our brains with everyday functions. This includes things like balance, stability and ... Sometimes after a concussion, it doesnt work quite right.. A concussion can make it hard for the brain to process information ... Consensus statement on concussion in sport-the 5th international conference on concussion in sport held in Berlin, October 2016 ...
CONCUSSIONS, TBI, PTSD[NOTE: We send this news release as printed, along with the companion stories on brain wounds/CTE, in ... BRINGING YOU CURRENT INFORMATION ABOUT HOW TO HELP TREAT AND HEAL BRAIN WOUNDS: ... brain injury, brain wound, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, concussion, concussion protocol, Concussion Symptoms, CTE, HBOT, ... BRINGING YOU CURRENT INFORMATION ABOUT HOW TO HELP TREAT AND HEAL BRAIN WOUNDS: CONCUSSIONS, TBI, PTSD. [NOTE: We send this ...
This report describes the percentage of children and adolescents who had ever received a diagnosis of a concussion or brain ... This report describes the percentage of children and adolescents who had ever received a diagnosis of a concussion or brain ... 17 years had ever received a diagnosis of a concussion or brain injury. Diagnosis of a concussion or brain injury increased ... Based on parent or guardian responses to the questions, "Has (child) ever been checked for a concussion or brain injury by a ...
  • The cumulative effects of these traumatic brain injuries resulted in extreme light sensitivity and excruciating headaches. (aotss.com)
  • However, with the right strategies in place, students with concussions and traumatic brain injuries can minimize their symptoms and keep their brains healthy. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • There are many apps and tools available that can help students with concussions and traumatic brain injuries manage their symptoms and stay organized with schoolwork, including blue-light protectors for your computer screen and phone. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • By implementing these tips and seeking out the necessary accommodations, students with concussions and traumatic brain injuries can minimize their symptoms and succeed in their academic pursuits. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • See Pediatric Concussion and Other Traumatic Brain Injuries, a Critical Images slideshow, to help identify the signs and symptoms of TBI, determine the type and severity of injury, and initiate appropriate treatment. (medscape.com)
  • I was in a little bit of disbelief [when the car seat fell on me], like, no, this can't be another concussion. (knba.org)
  • Injured athletes are prohibited from returning to play before they are symptom-free during rest and exertion and their neuropsychological tests are normal again, in order to avoid a risk of cumulative effects such as decline in mental function and second-impact syndrome, which may occur on very rare occasions after a concussion that occurs before the symptoms from another concussion have resolved. (wikipedia.org)
  • Athletes are particularly vulnerable if the repeat injury occurs before they have fully recovered from a previous concussion, but even after recovery, athletes who have suffered one concussion are 2 to 4 times more likely to suffer another concussion at some point. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Athletes like Mogus are the reason the Big Ten and Ivy League formed the Traumatic Brain Injury Research Collaboration, which lets them work with 17,500 athletes across both conferences. (northwestern.edu)
  • UCLA neuroscientist Mayumi Prins is among the co-authors of a study, published today, which found that concussion rates are higher among high school athletes than among their collegiate counterparts in some sports, and calls for further study of sports concussions among children. (ucla.edu)
  • The report , by the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, describes a "culture of resistance" in reporting concussions among young athletes that may be endangering their health. (ucla.edu)
  • The report examines concussions that occurred among athletes aged 5 to 21 participating in a wide range of sports. (ucla.edu)
  • The study also found that although helmets currently being worn by young athletes are effective in reducing other injuries, there was not enough evidence to show that they reduce the risk of concussions - and that other protective devices that manufacturers claim minimize risk for concussion, such as mouth guards and soccer headbands, may not actually do so. (ucla.edu)
  • One out of every 10 athletes will experience a concussion during any given sport season. (swbrainpc.com)
  • One out of 2 athletes DO NOT report feeling ANY symptoms after receiving a concussion. (swbrainpc.com)
  • Most research on concussions has been conducted on male athletes, specifically, football players. (nih.gov)
  • Recent studies suggest that the incidence of and recovery from sport-related concussion varies between male and female athletes, with women having a higher risk of sustaining a concussion and taking a longer time to recover than men. (nih.gov)
  • It is estimated that over 40% of high school athletes return to action prematurely and over 40,000 youth concussions occur annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because most concussed individuals score 14 or 15 on the 15-point scale, its primary use in evaluating individuals for sports-related concussions is to rule out more severe brain injury and to help determine which athletes need immediate medical attention (Dziemianowicz et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • The guideline also called into question the existence of the "second impact syndrome", proposing instead that athletes with a previous concussion may be more vulnerable to severe injury due to decreased reaction time and coordination, symptoms of the initial injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concussions Extra Dangerous to Teen Brains, CNN, 4 February 2010 Heading Off Sports Injuries, Newsweek, 5 Feb 2010 High School Athletes Face Serious Concussion Risks, USA Today, 4 May 2009 Cobb S, Battin B (2004). (wikipedia.org)
  • Concern is growing about the danger of sports-related concussions and their long-term impact on athletes. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • But a new pilot study looking at athletes with concussions suggests total inactivity may not be the best way to recover after all, say scientists at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, where the research was conducted. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • But what we saw, the student athletes came in on approximately the third day of their concussion and the test was not stressful for them. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • The findings emerged when the research team measured variations in heart rate variability among athletes with concussions while responding to simple problem-solving and decision-making tasks. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • For the new study, Purkayastha and her team administered a fairly simple cognitive task to athletes with concussions. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • The study is the first of its kind to examine heart rate variability in college athletes with concussions during a cognitive task. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Concussed athletes performed a mild problem-solving task a few days after concussion. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Since concussions still happen, physical therapists and athletic trainers still must find a way to help athletes deal with the injury. (ipl.org)
  • The point that is being made is that the more frequent the concussions without time to recoup nor assess the damage proves to mine highly detrimental to athletes. (ipl.org)
  • Athletes in particular are at risk and may minimize or hide symptoms of concussions which can have serious effects. (news-medical.net)
  • Photo: Brentwood College School students Zander Levenberg (L) and Julian Wan taking part in a concussion study comparing brain vital signs between contact and non-contact sports athletes. (neurocatch.com)
  • Mill Bay, British Columbia, Canada (March 14, 2022) - This week is Brain Awareness Week (March 14-20) and a team of high school students at Brentwood College School in Mill Bay on Vancouver Island launched an unprecedented scientific study comparing brain vital signs between high school athletes participating in contact sports and non-contact sports. (neurocatch.com)
  • The BRAIN team (Brentwood Research Applied Innovation in Neuroscience) has partnered with NeuroCatch Inc., a BC-based neuro-health innovation technology company, to monitor brain vital signs using the NeuroCatch ® Platform in a high impact concussion study on student athletes. (neurocatch.com)
  • Some mild TBI and concussion symptoms may appear right away, while others may not appear for hours or days after the injury. (cdc.gov)
  • This technology, known as diffuse tensor imaging (DTI), may help detect concussions after a traumatic brain injury, since approaches like computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) fail to demonstrate evidence of brain abnormalities. (go.com)
  • Intriguingly, in a separate group of patients included in the study, people with concussions still had evidence of brain injury over one year after their head injury. (go.com)
  • If someone comes up with an accurate biomarker of brain injury. (go.com)
  • that would open the door to studying drugs and other treatments that could potentially help brain injury,' Bazarian said. (go.com)
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  • Though Liontas seemed to recover from the initial brain injury, two fluke incidents in the year that followed exacerbated their condition. (knba.org)
  • In the new memoir, Sex With a Brain Injury , Liontas describes how their concussion led to dizziness, memory fog and anger - and impacted their marriage and sex life. (knba.org)
  • We hope that our in-depth report on concussions in youth sports will inform the public about the latest scientific findings, identify areas where gaps exist in our understanding of concussion and increase appreciation for the seriousness of head injuries in the younger brain," said Prins, associate professor of neurosurgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and director of education for the UCLA Brain Injury Research Center. (ucla.edu)
  • Traumatic Brain Injury, or TBI, is a term used to describe a wide variety of impacts to the head including mild, moderate and severe. (aotss.com)
  • This is a mild brain injury that can result when the head hits an object or a moving object strikes the head. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Since every concussion causes at least some injury to the brain, it requires time and rest to heal properly. (swbrainpc.com)
  • Common symptoms after a concussive traumatic brain injury are headache, loss of memory (amnesia) and confusion. (swbrainpc.com)
  • The vibrant field of concussion and head injury treatment is constantly changing and evolving. (swbrainpc.com)
  • In the event of a Severe Brain Injury (Traumatic Brain Injury) the doctors may ordered a Cat Scan or MRI to analyze if there is bleeding in the brain. (neuroclinicbarrie.com)
  • Concussion grading systems are sets of criteria used in sports medicine to determine the severity, or grade, of a concussion, the mildest form of traumatic brain injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concussions account for nearly 10% of sport injuries, and are the second leading cause of brain injury for young people ages 15-24. (wikipedia.org)
  • The guidelines emphasized that younger patients should be managed more conservatively and that risk of recurrent concussion was highest within 10 days following the initial injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • By these guidelines, an athlete who has suffered a concussion may return to sports after having been free of symptoms, both at rest and during exercise, as shown in the following table: Concussion Sports injury Head injury criterion Sport-related concussion Chronic traumatic encephalopathy Frontotemporal dementia Hayden MG, Jandial R, Duenas HA, Mahajan R, Levy M (2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sports-related concussion or mild-traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is common in children who participate in organised sports. (concussionresearch.com)
  • Summary: A new study reports performing a simple cognitive task four days after a concussion can help activate brain areas that improve memory function and can guard against the psychological affects of brain injury. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Currently, guidelines recommend that traumatic brain injury patients get plenty of rest and avoid physical and cognitive activity until symptoms subside. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • The study found that a simple cognitive task as early as four days after a brain injury activated the region that improves memory function and can guard against two hallmarks of concussion - depression and anxiety. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Right now, if you have a concussion the directive is to have complete physical and cognitive rest, no activities, no social interaction, to let your brain rest and recover from the energy crisis as a result of the injury," said SMU physiologist Sushmita Purkayastha, who led the research, which was funded by the Texas Institute for Brain Injury and Repair at UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • This type of research will change fundamentally the way that patients with sports and other concussions are treated," said Bell, who works with brain injury patients and is Chair of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at UT Southwestern. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Understanding the basic physiology of brain injury and repair is the key to enhancing recovery for our young people after concussion. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Living with a concussion or traumatic brain injury can be incredibly challenging, especially for students who are trying to manage their symptoms while also excelling in their academic pursuits. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • The effects of a brain injury can include migraines, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and memory issues, which can make it difficult to keep up with schoolwork and exams. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • With the right support and strategies in place, it is possible to thrive in school and beyond, even with a brain injury. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • Every time I interview someone for the first time, whether it is for peak performance training or to help with a brain problem, I ask, "Have you ever had a brain injury? (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • Upon further reflection, many remember how a brain injury changed their lives in dramatic ways. (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • Since consciousness is the most complex process we know of, brain injury results in disturbance of consciousness. (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • In the same way that physical therapy helps the body recover from injury, the field of Neurotherapy can help heal and strengthen brains after a concussion. (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is injured by external forces - either a blow to the head, or rapid starting/stopping of movement. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Dr Susan Kohlhaas, Director of Research at Alzheimer's Research UK, said: 'Studies like this are so important in unravelling the long-term risks of traumatic brain injury, including their effect on dementia risk. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • Your doctor calls it something else: a traumatic brain injury. (health.mil)
  • Nearly 459,000 service members worldwide were diagnosed with a first-time TBI from 2000 through the first quarter of 2022, according to the Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence , which tracks multiple TBI-related data points for the Department of Defense. (health.mil)
  • Retired Marine Corps Capt. William Greeson, who was treated for brain injury at the end of a long military career, says this attitude is especially true for what he calls "military alphas. (health.mil)
  • For example, the external forces present in cases of whiplash or blast injury may be strong enough to shake the brain, causing it to hit the skull and leading to potential damage. (health.mil)
  • Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), is common among contact and collision sports participants. (medscape.com)
  • The following imaging studies can be used in the examination of head injury (Note: Although the following studies may be useful in the evaluation of head trauma, they will be negative for a concussion with no other injury. (medscape.com)
  • Concussions have had a tendency to cause lasting effects and this led the NFL to change the rules of the game as well as helped to develop plans to help manage the injury. (ipl.org)
  • The risk of permanent brain injury each time you receive a concussion increases. (ipl.org)
  • The reliability of self-reported brain injury data relies on how well people interpret the questions. (cdc.gov)
  • This study examines how different yet commonly used questions may impact traumatic brain injury (TBI) estimates. (cdc.gov)
  • This second injury can lead to brain swelling, resulting in major neurological effects or death. (news-medical.net)
  • The anticipated findings of this study are expected to address critical scientific questions focused on contact versus non-contact sports, female versus male brains, and the recovery time required following concussive injury. (neurocatch.com)
  • Based on parent or guardian responses to the questions, "Has (child) ever been checked for a concussion or brain injury by a doctor, nurse, athletic trainer, or other health professional? (cdc.gov)
  • and "Did a doctor, nurse, athletic trainer, or other health professional ever say that (child) had a concussion or brain injury? (cdc.gov)
  • In 2022, 2.3 million children and adolescents aged ≤17 years had ever received a diagnosis of a concussion or brain injury. (cdc.gov)
  • Diagnosis of a concussion or brain injury increased with age, from 1.0% among those aged 0-5 years to 2.3% among those aged 6-11 years, and 5.9% among those aged 12-17 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Has [CHILD'S NAME] ever been checked for a concussion or brain injury by a doctor, nurse, athletic trainer, or other health care professional? (cdc.gov)
  • Following this injury, did a medical professional diagnose [you/your child] with a concussion or traumatic brain injury? (cdc.gov)
  • How many conclusions, or other types of brain injury caused by a blow to the head, [Have you/has your child] had in [your/his or her] lifetime? (cdc.gov)
  • If there was an injury in the last 12 months: "Other than what you have already reported in the last 12 months" In [your/ your child's] lifetime, do you believe that [you have/ your child has] ever had a concussion or other type of brain injury other than those diagnosed by a medical professional? (cdc.gov)
  • How many non-diagnosed concussions, or other type of brain injury [have you/has your child] had in [your/his or her] lifetime? (cdc.gov)
  • How old were you at the time of [this/the first] brain injury or concussion? (cdc.gov)
  • But you cannot see a brain injury. (cdc.gov)
  • Learn more about head injuries and how to prevent them from OSHA Head Protection - 1926.100 and CDC - Traumatic Brain Injury & Concussion. (cdc.gov)
  • Sports activities are a common cause of concussion, a form of mild traumatic brain injury. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Neuroimaging is not mandatory because there is rarely any evidence of structural brain injury. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Concussion is a transient disturbance in brain function caused by head injury, usually a blow. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is physical injury to brain tissue that temporarily or permanently impairs brain function. (msdmanuals.com)
  • While sports concussion s have been important in raising awareness of concussions, it is important to remember that many nonsports/life activities can result in concussion as well and that it is a common injury in childhood and not just in sports," senior study author, Christina Master, MD, pediatric primary care sports medicine specialist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), Pennsylvania, told M edscape Medical News . (medscape.com)
  • Researchers at CHOP and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) examined the mechanism of injury for concussion in children aged 0 to 17 years seen for at least one clinical visit with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis of concussion in CHOP's electronic health record system between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2014. (medscape.com)
  • Sports and recreation-related activities become the primary source of concussions beginning at age 6, increase in proportion up to age 10, remaining constant until age 16, then take a small dip at age 17, which may be due to an uptick in motor vehicle crash injury and attrition from sports," Master explains in a news release. (medscape.com)
  • This study tells us that we need to extend traumatic brain injury prevention and management outside of youth sports to ensure all children who sustain a concussion receive the necessary care to return to daily childhood activities including school and play," lead author, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, PhD, from the CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, said in the release. (medscape.com)
  • Reached for comment on the study, Jamie Ullman, MD, director pf neurotrauma at North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, New York, noted that "while the article does not offer much surprise in terms of injury mechanisms for concussions sustained in children at various ages, the article does underscore the need for awareness of head injury risk in the daily life of children (and adults, for that matter). (medscape.com)
  • Mild Traumatic Brain Injury) for the Team Physician: A Consensus Statement. (bvsalud.org)
  • During 1994-1995 in Louisiana, five cases of central nervous system trauma associated with riding bulls in rodeo events were identified through the Louisiana Central Nervous System Injury Registry, a statewide, population-based surveillance system addressing brain and spinal cord injury incidence, etiology, and outcome. (cdc.gov)
  • He sustained a brain stem contusion and an incomplete C2 spinal cord injury and was unconscious for 16 days. (cdc.gov)
  • He sustained a brain injury and multiple nasal fractures and was unconscious for 5 days. (cdc.gov)
  • Brain Injury, 15 (1), 71-94. (bvsalud.org)
  • Every year, hundreds of thousands of school-aged children get concussions, a mild form of traumatic brain injury. (medlineplus.gov)
  • 3. Confirmed medical diagnosis of concussion/mTBI from a study investigator within 24 hours or less of the injury event. (who.int)
  • Participants will receive their first administration of study product within 24hrs of a concussion/ mild Traumatic Brain Injury at the study centre. (who.int)
  • The effects of a concussion are usually temporary but can include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination. (swbrainpc.com)
  • The effects of a concussion when it happens are bad enough right? (ipl.org)
  • As a result, this article addresses the role of gender in the assessment and management of sport-related concussion. (nih.gov)
  • Less than 10% of concussions result in a loss of consciousness (seeing stars, blacking out, etc. (swbrainpc.com)
  • The amnesia, which may or may not follow a loss of consciousness, usually involves the loss of memory of the event that caused the concussion. (swbrainpc.com)
  • Several of the systems use loss of consciousness and amnesia as the primary determinants of the severity of the concussion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grade I Grade one concussions come with no loss of consciousness and less than 30 minutes of post-traumatic amnesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grade III People with grade three concussions have a loss of consciousness lasting longer than five minutes or amnesia lasts for 24 hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the guidelines, a grade I concussion consists of confusion only, grade II includes confusion and post-traumatic amnesia, and grade III and IV involve a loss of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ones who answer my question with a quick yes usually had very serious and immediate problems from a concussion, such as loss of consciousness, coma, paralysis, and disability. (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • Symptoms include loss of consciousness, confusion, memory difficulties, and other signs of brain dysfunction. (msdmanuals.com)
  • He sustained a concussion with brief loss of consciousness, multiple facial bone fractures, and a trimalleolar fracture of his leg. (cdc.gov)
  • Symptoms generally improve over time, and most people with a mild TBI or concussion feel better within a couple of weeks. (cdc.gov)
  • Symptoms of mild TBI and concussion are different for each person. (cdc.gov)
  • The diagnosis of a Mild TBI , called Concussion . (neuroclinicbarrie.com)
  • Mild TBI is commonly known as concussion, and this can lead on to post-concussion syndrome, a condition which affects every aspect of life through physical and psychological symptoms, which may affect social interaction and academic performance. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Concussion-also known as mild TBI-accounts for over 80% of these injuries, making it by far the most common type of active-duty TBI. (health.mil)
  • Concussions occur mainly from motor vehicle accidents and falls, but can also appear after non-traumatic injuries such as whiplash. (go.com)
  • In general, Lipton said, this study raises awareness that even seemingly benign head injuries can lead to widespread brain abnormalities. (go.com)
  • An author and writing professor at George Washington University, Liontas continues to live with the repercussions of the three brain injuries. (knba.org)
  • Concussions remain a serious public health concern, with approximately 1.6 million to 3 million sport and recreational traumatic and brain injuries occurring every year in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • Brain injuries can range from mild to severe. (verold.com)
  • The following interesting infographic provides some stats about brain injuries. (verold.com)
  • The vast majority of brain injuries (about 90%) do not result in a bleeding, so a CAT Scan or MRI are not useful. (neuroclinicbarrie.com)
  • Lead investigator Dr Vanessa Raymont from the University of Oxford's Department of Psychiatry said: 'We know that head injuries are a major risk factor for dementia, and this large-scale study gives the greatest detail to date on a stark finding - the more times you injure your brain in life, the worse your brain function could be as you age. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • This paper highlights the importance of detailed long-term studies like PROTECT in better understating head injuries and the impact to long term cognitive function, particularly as concussion has also been linked to dementia. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • About 8% of active-duty concussions are from battle injuries, and only 20% happen during deployment. (health.mil)
  • Although helmet technology has drastically improved as there has been more concussion awareness the past decade, concussions are still one of the top injuries. (ipl.org)
  • Due to the recent number of suicides & violent crimes committed by former players, there is more of a need to research the correlation between the head injuries in the NFL and brain disease even more C. Thesis Point 3: What steps the National Football league has taken to protect players long term health and safety 1. (ipl.org)
  • These injuries happen when you are hit so hard that your brain bounces and twists inside your head. (cdc.gov)
  • Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative brain disorder that may occur after repetitive head trauma or blast injuries. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The paramedics transported him to Sheikh Zayed Specialized Hospital, where X-rays and MRI laboratory results showed a brain haemorrhage, concussion and many internal injuries. (who.int)
  • What they found was striking: The diffuse tensor imaging demonstrated unique abnormalities in each individual who had a concussion -- abnormalities that would also be present in the more than 1 million Americans who sustain a concussion each year. (go.com)
  • Patterns and Predictors of Health Care Utilization After Pediatric Concussion: A Retrospective Cohort Study. (umassmed.edu)
  • They're even considering new rules for kickoffs because "a high percentage of concussions" occur during returns, said Carolyn Campbell-McGovern, the Ivy League representative on the TBI Research Collaboration Project Board. (northwestern.edu)
  • 78% of all concussions occur during games, as opposed to taking place during practices. (swbrainpc.com)
  • Concussions also occur during car accidents, whiplash accidents, falls, shaken baby syndrome, or any time the head is moved rapidly enough to slosh the brain hard against the skull. (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • People in all age groups are susceptible to concussions because they can occur from vehicle accidents, work activities, sports, recreation and, for seniors, falls. (news-medical.net)
  • Also, repeat concussions may occur after a less severe impact. (msdmanuals.com)
  • With recent emphasis on sports-related concussion, caregivers and teachers should also be aware of the same signs and symptoms of concussion that also occur out of the context of sports," Ullman told Medscape Medical News . (medscape.com)
  • What follows is a battery of tests and physical exam -- culminating in a doctor's diagnosis of a likely concussion. (go.com)
  • Published Date : 2 09 2023 Source : Brain Inj. (cdc.gov)
  • There are lots of differences in symptoms and deficits from concussions that patients have, such as cognitive impairment, anxiety, and headache. (go.com)
  • The problem is that no effective treatments, other than supportive therapy such as cognitive rehabilitation, currently exist for concussions. (go.com)
  • Results from Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT), Conners' Continuous Performance Test II (CPT-II) and the Attention Network Test (ANT) revealed decreased performance in attention, memory functioning and reaction time. (concussionresearch.com)
  • Published in the Journal of Neurotrauma , the paper found that people who reported three or more concussions had significantly worse cognitive function, which got successively worse with each subsequent concussion after that. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • Each additional reported concussion was linked to progressively worse cognitive function. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • The study, for students by students, examines changes in cognitive brain responses and is comparing changes between contact sports (e.g., hockey, rugby, and soccer) and non-contact sports (e.g., rowing, track and field, and tennis). (neurocatch.com)
  • NeuroCatch ® translates complex brain waves measured using portable electroencephalography (EEG) into simple, fast, user-friendly and intuitive results that provide an objective evaluation of cognitive brain function. (neurocatch.com)
  • Called the ABCs of brain function, brain vital signs track three well-established neural responses for auditory sensation, basic attention, and cognitive processing. (neurocatch.com)
  • The BRAIN team is currently beginning the second term of brain vital sign monitoring to focus on changes in cognitive brain responses in both concussive and when undetected in sub-concussive events. (neurocatch.com)
  • The students are doing this over and above their demanding weekly schedules, and we are very excited to get preliminary results soon, particularly about the emerging role of repetitive subconcussive impacts on cognitive brain function. (neurocatch.com)
  • A recent newspaper article described a young football player, in the prime of his life, who passed away due to chronic brain trauma. (aotss.com)
  • The consequences of living life with undiagnosed and untreated concussions can range from suboptimal performance to the development of Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and CTE (chronic traumatic encephalopathy. (swbrainpc.com)
  • This extensive amount of brain damage has been decided, by Dr. Bennet Omalu, to result in chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE. (ipl.org)
  • National Concussion Day is Sept. 16, bringing awareness to TBIs, signs and symptoms, the impact to the military community, and how to get help. (health.mil)
  • On National Concussion Awareness Day, there's no better time to test your knowledge about the most common type of TBI. (health.mil)
  • The awareness and thus reporting of concussions has risen significantly in the past decade-the incidence of serious and fatal sports-related TBI has not increased similarly. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Dehydration can exacerbate symptoms of post-concussion syndrome, so be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • Stress can worsen symptoms of post-concussion syndrome, so try to find healthy ways to manage stress, such as deep breathing, meditation, or exercise. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • The overall objective of this project is to identify predictors for (i) abusive head trauma in children under 1 year old, (ii) concussion in children aged 1-17, and (iii) post-concussion syndrome in children aged 1-17. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Results from this study will help medical professionals to reduce the risk of abusive head trauma, concussion, and post-concussion syndrome, and improve outcomes for these children. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Concussions are a form of TBI that are caused specifically by a bump, jolt or blow to the skull. (aotss.com)
  • Though concussions often result from a blow to the head, they can also result from severe shaking of the head and upper body. (swbrainpc.com)
  • A concussion doesn't require a blow to the head, however. (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • A TBI is the disruption of normal brain function caused by a jolt or blow to the head, and the military population is especially susceptible. (health.mil)
  • You can have a concussion even without a blow to the head. (health.mil)
  • At Southwest Brain Performance Centers, we will insist on a complete neurological examination. (swbrainpc.com)
  • however, in 2013 the AAN published a revised set of guidelines that moved away from concussion grading, emphasizing more detailed neurological assessment prior to return to play. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using the novel approach to imaging, physicians could confirm the unique, telltale signs of a concussion right away. (go.com)
  • What are some of the signs that your child, someone you love or even yourself might be suffering from a concussion or more severe form of TBI? (aotss.com)
  • Researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York compared 34 patients who sustained concussions with 30 healthy controls, looking for abnormalities across the entire brain of individual patients. (go.com)
  • While the data showing that diffuse tensor imaging can distinguish unique brain abnormalities has been previously reported, the researchers took their study one step further and found that a new way of looking at the information from these scans -- an approach known as functional anisotropy, or FA for short -- can reveal whether the brain may have swelling. (go.com)
  • But Smith and other researchers are trying to create an on-the-field blood test that would quickly identify proteins released during brain trauma. (northwestern.edu)
  • Chris Nowinski and researchers examine a brain scan at Boston University (courtesy of Chris Nowinski). (northwestern.edu)
  • Researchers found that concussion rates in high school football, boys' lacrosse, boys' soccer and baseball are higher than for those sports at the collegiate level, and that concussions are more likely during competition than practice, although the reverse was true for cheerleading. (ucla.edu)
  • Researchers say people who have had concussions should be warned of the dangers of continuing high-risk sport or work. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • Furthermore, the researchers found that reporting even one moderate-to-severe concussion was associated with worsened attention, completion of complex tasks and processing speed capacity. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • This rich mine of data helps researchers understand how the brain ages, and the factors involved in maintaining a healthier brain in later life. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • The research builds upon published studies involving Dr. Ryan D'Arcy, a Brentwood Alumni , neuroscientist and president and chief scientific officer of NeuroCatch Inc., on concussion in hockey and football involving researchers from the Mayo Clinic, Sanford Clinic, and Simon Fraser University. (neurocatch.com)
  • A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and healthy fats can support brain health and minimize symptoms. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • ImPACT Applications, Inc. , a Riverside Insights® company, is the maker of ImPACT, ImPACT Pediatric, and ImPACT Quick Test, all FDA cleared medical devices that assist in the assessment and management of concussion. (concussionresearch.com)
  • The unique thing about this study is that there are brain abnormalities [still present] at multiple time points,' said Dr. Jeff Bazarian, an associate professor of neurology and neurosurgery at the University of Rochester in Rochester, N.Y. 'This highlights that the brain is abnormal on a cellular level for a long time. (go.com)
  • More than 300,000 adults and children are affected by sports-related concussions each year. (go.com)
  • Of those, 23 had a physician-diagnosed sports-related concussion in accordance with NCAA diagnostic criteria. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Most concussions are mild, and people usually recover fully. (swbrainpc.com)
  • We are not aware of anything like this, where a remarkable team of Grade 11 and Grade 12 students have come together to conduct world-class medical research in the neuroscience of concussion. (neurocatch.com)
  • Sometimes a concussion is not obvious at the time it occurs, so people don't realize that they have experienced it until much later, if at all. (swbrainpc.com)
  • Brain Concussion" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (umassmed.edu)
  • The study, published Friday in the journal Brain Imaging and Behavior, is particularly relevant at a time when more than 2,000 former NFL players have filed a lawsuit asserting that the league has deliberately withheld from its players the link between concussions and its long-term impacts on the brain. (go.com)
  • Macnow T, Curran T, Mannix R. Understanding the True Effect of Screen Time on Recovery From Concussion. (umassmed.edu)
  • Macnow T, Mannix R. Need to Clarify Mechanisms Explaining the Effect of Screen Time on Recovery From Concussion-Reply. (umassmed.edu)
  • By the time Michael was a junior in college, he had sustained more than 10 concussions. (aotss.com)
  • Concern exists that multiple concussions received in a short time may present an added danger, since an initial concussion may leave the brain in a vulnerable state for a time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk of concussion was also stratified by sport, training time, and player Body Mass Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of concussion, cutting people off from their social circle when we say 'no screen time' - particularly the young generation with their cell phones and iPads - they will just get more depressed and anxious. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Your brain needs time to heal after a concussion, so make sure to prioritize rest and get plenty of sleep each night. (ginsburgadvancedtutoring.com)
  • On a monthly average, more than 1,000 service members are diagnosed with a first-time concussion. (health.mil)
  • Although most people who have a concussion have no lasting effects, as many as 30 percent of people suffer from permanent brain damage, resulting in personality changes and memory impairment. (go.com)
  • Four to five million people suffer concussions every year in the U.S. (Wikimedia Commons). (northwestern.edu)
  • To improve examinations today, former Harvard football player Chris Nowinski, a founder of the Concussion Legacy Foundation and adviser to the collaboration, wants more schools to use the 40-year-old King-Devick test. (northwestern.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Brain Concussion" by people in this website by year, and whether "Brain Concussion" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (umassmed.edu)
  • The Centers for Disease Control estimate that there are up to 3.8 million concussions sustained each year. (swbrainpc.com)
  • The study began in September 2021 by using the NeuroCatch ® Platform , a Health Canada-approved Class II medical device that is an objective, rapid, at the point of care and neuro-physiological brain function assessment system, to collect baseline brain wave data in students participating in contact and non-contact sports across three terms over the academic school year. (neurocatch.com)
  • In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot that crowds the brain against the skull can develop. (cdc.gov)
  • Because what causes a concussion, is their brain hitting the inside of their skull. (visionbydesignoptometry.com)
  • Whenever your head moves rapidly enough, the brain, the soft tofu-like floating organ, sloshes around and bumps against the inside of your skull. (memphishealthandfitness.com)
  • Concussions are relatively common, particularly for individuals who play a sport that involves contact with another person or object, such as football or hockey. (swbrainpc.com)
  • It is far more common for people to end up with a concussion. (visionbydesignoptometry.com)
  • While concussions are very common in a situation like a car accident. (visionbydesignoptometry.com)
  • Some common symptoms of a concussion that is damaged visual system. (visionbydesignoptometry.com)
  • It also helps to regulates stress, depression and anxiety - and those are very common symptoms after a concussion. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • A headache is the most common symptom of concussion, but it's just one of many. (health.mil)
  • Concussions in sports are extremely common, especially in high contact sports like football and lacrosse where helmet to helmet contact is very high. (ipl.org)
  • It can affect how your child's brain works for a while. (medlineplus.gov)
  • One major problem that many doctors have recognized is that concussions not only affect players while they are playing the game of football but their lives long after their career ends. (ipl.org)
  • They reported the severity and frequency of concussions they had experienced throughout their lives, and completed annual, computerised tests for brain function. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Brain Concussion" by people in Profiles. (umassmed.edu)
  • Many people who have been hit in the head understand that they have damaged their brain says eye doctor Edmonton. (visionbydesignoptometry.com)
  • If people are not even aware that they have had a concussion in the first place. (visionbydesignoptometry.com)
  • People in the absolute rest phase after concussion often experience depression," Purkayastha added. (natureknowsproducts.com)
  • Our research indicates that people who have experienced three or more even mild episodes of concussion should be counselled on whether to continue high-risk activities. (healthcare-in-europe.com)
  • The brains of young people are more susceptible to concussions than those of adults. (news-medical.net)
  • Studies have concluded that not just one concussion increase the risk for subsequent concussions but rather a frequent history of concussions may lead to slower recovery functions. (ipl.org)
  • While effects might appear mild at first, they will worsen as the brain continues to develop and mature. (aotss.com)
  • This may be particularly problematic in children whose brains are still developing. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Only a minority of all concussions in children are the result of contact sports, a new study suggests. (medscape.com)
  • At the Northwell Health Concussion Program, when a child in elementary grades suffers concussions, we also include exclusion from recess activities as part of the instructions while awaiting concussion symptoms to resolve, as recess involves activity with other children and playground activities. (medscape.com)
  • Grade II Grace two concussion patients lose consciousness for less than five minutes or have amnesia for between 30 minutes and 24 hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concussions temporarily change how the brain works. (health.mil)