All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The use of mental images produced by the imagination as a form of psychotherapy. It can be classified by the modality of its content: visual, verbal, auditory, olfactory, tactile, gustatory, or kinesthetic. Common themes derive from nature imagery (e.g., forests and mountains), water imagery (e.g., brooks and oceans), travel imagery, etc. Imagery is used in the treatment of mental disorders and in helping patients cope with other diseases. Imagery often forms a part of HYPNOSIS, of AUTOGENIC TRAINING, of RELAXATION TECHNIQUES, and of BEHAVIOR THERAPY. (From Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, vol. 4, pp29-30, 1994)
An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)
Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.
Progressive myopathies characterized by the presence of inclusion bodies on muscle biopsy. Sporadic and hereditary forms have been described. The sporadic form is an acquired, adult-onset inflammatory vacuolar myopathy affecting proximal and distal muscles. Familial forms usually begin in childhood and lack inflammatory changes. Both forms feature intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions in muscle tissue. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1409-10)
A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.
The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Formation of NEURONS which involves the differentiation and division of STEM CELLS in which one or both of the daughter cells become neurons.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
The termination of the cell's ability to carry out vital functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, responsiveness, and adaptability.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.
A center in the HEALTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Division of Planning Methods and Technology which provides access to current information on health planning and resources development.
Facilities which provide information concerning poisons and treatment of poisoning in emergencies.
Services providing pharmaceutic and therapeutic drug information and consultation.
A noninflammatory, progressive occlusion of the intracranial CAROTID ARTERIES and the formation of netlike collateral arteries arising from the CIRCLE OF WILLIS. Cerebral angiogram shows the puff-of-smoke (moyamoya) collaterals at the base of the brain. It is characterized by endothelial HYPERPLASIA and FIBROSIS with thickening of arterial walls. This disease primarily affects children but can also occur in adults.
Microsurgical revascularization to improve intracranial circulation. It usually involves joining the extracranial circulation to the intracranial circulation but may include extracranial revascularization (e.g., subclavian-vertebral artery bypass, subclavian-external carotid artery bypass). It is performed by joining two arteries (direct anastomosis or use of graft) or by free autologous transplantation of highly vascularized tissue to the surface of the brain.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
Arteries which supply the dura mater.
Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
An irrational reaction compounded of grief, loss of self-esteem, enmity against the rival and self criticism.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.
A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)
The 2nd cranial nerve which conveys visual information from the RETINA to the brain. The nerve carries the axons of the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS which sort at the OPTIC CHIASM and continue via the OPTIC TRACTS to the brain. The largest projection is to the lateral geniculate nuclei; other targets include the SUPERIOR COLLICULI and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEI. Though known as the second cranial nerve, it is considered part of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
The excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Deep brain stimulation to the basal ganglia and thalamus has recently been used as a successful treatment for tremors of ... These conditions are listed below: Perinatal (during birth) cerebral injury Kernicterus Cerebrovascular diseases Drug induced ... abnormalities on brain imaging, particularly in the basal ganglia. To further classify spasmodic torticollis, one can note the ... Treatment was based on the theory that there is an imbalance of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the basal ganglia. These drugs ...
... basal ganglia diseases MeSH C10. - basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10. - basal ... brain death MeSH C10.228.140.163 - brain diseases, metabolic MeSH C10. - brain diseases, metabolic, inborn MeSH ... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C10.228.140.300.100.200 - basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C10.228.140.300.100.200.500 ... moyamoya disease MeSH C10.228.140.300.301 - cerebrovascular accident MeSH C10.228.140.300.301.200 - brain infarction MeSH ...
Wilson's disease, Huntington's disease, abetalipoproteinemia, Fahr disease, biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease ... "Brain. 135 (11): 3453-3468. doi:10.1093/brain/aws256. PMID 23065479.. *^ Ben-Pazi H, Stoner JA, Cunningham MW (2013). "Dopamine ... There are many causes of childhood chorea, including cerebrovascular accidents, collagen vascular diseases, drug intoxication, ... biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease, Fahr disease, familial dyskinesia-facial myokymia (Bird-Raskind syndrome) due ...
It accounts for 20% of all cases of cerebrovascular disease in the United States, behind cerebral thrombosis (40%) and cerebral ... Aspiration by stereotactic surgery or endoscopic drainage may be used in basal ganglia hemorrhages, although successful reports ... Causes include brain trauma, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, and brain tumors. The largest risk factors for spontaneous ... Imaging of the Brain, Expert Radiology Series,1: Imaging of the Brain. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 387. ISBN 978-1416050094. ...
... basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease MeSH C14.907.253.061.200 - basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907. - ... brain MeSH C14.907.253.560 - intracranial arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200 - cerebral arterial diseases MeSH C14.907. ... brain ischemia MeSH C14.907.253.480 - cerebrovascular accident MeSH C14.907.253.480.200 - brain infarction MeSH C14.907.253.480 ... basal ganglia hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.420.150.500 - putaminal hemorrhage MeSH C14.907.253.420.200 - cerebral hemorrhage, ...
... basal ganglia output nucleus). This dysfunction with the basal ganglia and PFC may explain the executive function and semantic ... cerebrovascular disease, pre-existing neurological disease, severe substance abuse compatible with CNS disorder. While the ... Cerebral brain volume is associated with factors related to duration of the disease and CD4 nadir; patients with a longer ... HIV enters the brain early on in the infection. It is thought that HIV uses a "Trojan horse" mechanism to enter the brain. ...
Pollock, H.; Hutchings, M.; Weller, R.O.; Zhang, E.T. (1997). "Perivascular spaces in the basal ganglia of the human brain : ... Because dilated perivascular spaces are so closely correlated with cerebrovascular disease, there is much current research on ... and the caudate nucleus of the basal ganglia may implicate dementia due to arteriosclerotic microvascular disease, in ... In contrast to VRS of the basal ganglia, VRS in the cerebral cortex are surrounded by only one layer of leptomeninges. As such ...
Brain: Brain damage according to cerebral lobe (see also 'lower' brain areas such as basal ganglia, cerebellum, brainstem): ... cerebrovascular attack) Tumors of the nervous system (e.g. cancer) Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases ... Central nervous system European Brain Council Human brain ICD-10 Chapter VI: Diseases of the nervous system Mental disorder ... Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and organic psychosis.) Many of the diseases and disorders listed ...
In contrast, after a stroke, people with moderate anosognosia have a higher frequency of lesions involving the basal ganglia, ... Cerebrovascular Diseases. 27 (3): 280-9. doi:10.1159/000199466. PMID 19202333. Breier, J. I.; Adair, J. C.; Gold, M.; Fennell, ... Anosognosia is relatively common following different causes of brain injury, such as stroke and traumatic brain injury; for ... Hirstein, William (2005). Brain fiction: self-deception and the riddle of confabulation. MIT Press. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-262- ...
GA1 can be described as a metabolic disorder, a neurometabolic disease, a cerebral palsy or a basal ganglia disorder (it is ... can accumulate and cause damage to the brain (and also other organs), but particularly the basal ganglia, which are regions ... cerebrovascular abrupt and severe neonatal asphyxia ("selective neuronal necrosis")). Amongst 279 patients who had been ... So-called "orphan diseases", such as GA1, can be adopted into wider groups of diseases (such as carnitine deficiency diseases, ...
... of microglia that exist within the basal ganglia circuitry to one day target regional or circuit-specific microglia in disease ... from 1997), neuroscientist and professor focusing on brain structure and language ability, and degenerative brain diseases in ... from 1990s), neuroscientist known for her books on hypertension, cerebrovascular permeability, vascular stress, and cerebral ... known for pioneering research into understanding and applying deep brain stimulation to treat brain related diseases Jessica ...
... thalami List of regions in the human brain Nonmotor region of the ventral nuclear group of the thalamus Primate basal ganglia ... A cerebrovascular accident (stroke) can lead to the thalamic pain syndrome, which involves a one-sided burning or aching ... Fatal familial insomnia is a hereditary prion disease in which degeneration of the thalamus occurs, causing the patient to ... The role of the thalamus in the more anterior pallidal and nigral territories in the basal ganglia system disturbances is ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... For more detailed coverage, see Template:Cerebrovascular diseases. Other. *Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see ... Alzheimer's disease, depression, and other diseases affecting the brain. It has also been used to study the metabolism of other ... A demyelinating disease is any disease of the nervous system in which the myelin sheath of neurons is damaged.[1] This damage ...
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, degenerative and fatal brain disease, in which cell to cell connections in the brain ... This has been shown to be related to decreased activation in the basal ganglia and frontal cortex. Elgh, Domellof, Linder, ... can also be the result of a stroke as the resulting lack of oxygen can cause damage to the location of the cerebrovascular ... for the brain by keeping out water and other substances. Various studies show that as the brain ages the blood-brain barrier ...
... primarily associated with damage to the basal ganglia and the substantia nigra in the form of lesions that occur during brain ... Adults with cerebral palsy may have ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma more often. Obesity in ... Cheney, PD (1997). "Pathophysiology of the corticospinal system and basal ganglia in cerebral palsy". Mental Retardation and ... can produce brain problems that look like CP on an MRI. Disorders that deteriorate the white matter in the brain and problems ...
"Cerebrovascular Disease Service, Palmer 127, West Campus, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Caplan LR. Diakses tanggal 2011 ... serta menginduksi lintasan lipohialinosis di pembuluh ganglia basal, hingga menyebabkankan infark lakunar atau pendarahan otak. ... "Calgary Stroke Program (E.E.S.), Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Canada; Duke Clinical Research Institute (L. ... "Diabetes mellitus and cerebrovascular disease". Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical ...
... and thereby lowers the levels of dopamine in the basal ganglia neurons and leads to the Parkinson's symptoms. Additionally, ... or a genetic predisposition to the disease are more likely to develop the drug induced form of this disease as a result of ... It is because of this property that it is able to exert its effects on cerebral blood flow in the brain. Bioavailability of ... Clinical pharmacology and therapeutic role in cerebrovascular disorders". Drugs. 26 (1): 44-69. doi:10.2165/00003495-198326010- ...
Furthermore, it has also been hypothesized that pathways that connect the basal ganglia with the cortex and thalamus is ... cerebrovascular disease, neoplasms, head injury, and some metabolic conditions (homocystinuria, diabetic ketoacidosis, hepatic ... Akinetic mutism has been associated with structural damage in a variety of brain areas. Akinetic mutism and catatonia may both ... Parkinson's disease: Untreated late-stage Parkinson's disease may present similarly to retarded catatonia with symptoms of ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... Cipolla MJ (July 2007). "Cerebrovascular function in pregnancy and eclampsia". Hypertension. 50 (1): 14-24. doi:10.1161/ ... Traumatic brain injury (TBI) to the occipital lobe of the brain [3] ... Cortical blindness is the total or partial loss of vision in a normal-appearing eye caused by damage to the brain's occipital ...
... in individuals with Parkinson's disease, as well as in individuals with other disorders affecting basal ganglia circuitry, are ... Dysprosody is usually attributed to neurological damage, such as brain tumors, brain trauma, brain vascular damage, stroke and ... Marie described the case of a Frenchman who started speaking in an Alsatian accent after suffering from a cerebrovascular ... Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder that involves the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the brain. While ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... For more detailed coverage, see Template:Cerebrovascular diseases. Other. *Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see ... The disease exists in both rapid and slow onsets, and involves inflammation of the gray matter of the bulb.[1] Infantile PBP is ... Wilson, John Eastman (1909). Diseases of the nervous system. Boericke & Runyon. p. 296. Retrieved 5 December 2017. Infantile ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... For more detailed coverage, see Template:Cerebrovascular diseases. Other. *Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see ... Reye syndrome is a rapidly worsening brain disease.[2] Symptoms may include vomiting, personality changes, confusion, seizures ... A Disease entity in childhood". Lancet. 2 (7311): 749-52. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(63)90554-3. PMID 14055046.. ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... For more detailed coverage, see Template:Cerebrovascular diseases. Other. *Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see ... "Manual for the Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (5th Edition, 2012). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... Poliomyelitis has existed for thousands of years, with depictions of the disease in ancient art.[1] The disease was first ...
... the parietal and basal ganglia regions are often affected in degenerative brain diseases associated with aging and it has ... cerebrovascular disease, Parkinson's disease, and Lou Gehrig's disease. While much research has focused on diseases of aging, ... Deficits in orientation are one of the most common symptoms of brain disease, hence tests of orientation are included in almost ... By contrast, all brain regions and brain cells appear to have roughly the same epigenetic age in subjects who are younger than ...
CARASIL is a disease characterized by damage to the small blood vessels of the brain. When blood vessels in the brain are ... Diffuse white matter changes (leukoencephalopathy) and multiple lacunar infarcts in the basal ganglia of the thalamus are ... Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 20(2), 85-86,87,88,89,90,91. Reference, Genetics Home. "CARASIL". Genetics Home ... Several disease that are frequently used for differential diagnoses include Binswanger's disease, CADASIL, Nasu-Hakula disease ...
Addison's disease, even in subclinical form, may mimic many of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Brain tumors: There are ... "Neuropsychological alterations in patients with computed tomography-detected basal ganglia calcification". Archives of ... Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association. 6 (5): 368-369. doi: ... Diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made within 5 to 13 years."(Blanchet C, Luton JP. 2002)"This disease should be diagnostically ...
Cerebrovascular diseases (G45-G46 and I60-I69, 430-438). Brain ischemia/. cerebral infarction. (ischemic stroke/TIA). ... Aspiration by stereotactic surgery or endoscopic drainage may be used in basal ganglia hemorrhages, although successful reports ... Brain trauma, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, brain tumors[1]. Risk factors. High blood pressure, amyloidosis, ... It accounts for 20% of all cases of cerebrovascular disease in the United States, behind cerebral thrombosis (40%) and cerebral ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. Basal ganglia disease: Parkinsonism (PD, ... Cerebrovascular. TIA (Amaurosis fugax, Transient global amnesia). Stroke (MCA, ACA, PCA, Foville's, Millard-Gubler, Lateral ... LMN only: PMA · PBP (Fazio-Londe, Infantile progressive bulbar palsy) · SMA (SMN-linked, Kennedy disease, SMAX2, DSMA1) ... autoimmune (Multiple sclerosis, Neuromyelitis optica, Schilder's disease) · hereditary (Adrenoleukodystrophy, Alexander, ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... G46) Vascular syndromes of brain in cerebrovascular diseases *(G46.0) Middle cerebral artery syndrome ... G22) Parkinsonism in diseases classified elsewhere. *(G23) Other degenerative diseases of basal ganglia *(G23.0) Hallervorden- ... G94) Other disorders of brain in diseases classified elsewhere. *(G95) Other diseases of spinal cord *(G95.0) Syringomyelia and ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... Disease Primers. 3 (17071): 17071. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2017.71. PMID 28980624.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v van ... Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND) or Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease ... Other names for ALS include Charcot's disease, Lou Gehrig's disease, and motor neurone disease.[1] Amyotrophic comes from the ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... "Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 179 (4): 181-241.. *^ Owens, Laurence J; France, Karyn G; Wiggs, Luci (1999). "REVIEW ... It is neither a disease nor a specific condition. (from p. 322). CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link) ... Hypersomnia of central or brain origin. *Narcolepsy: A chronic neurological disorder (or dyssomnia), which is caused by the ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... US: The Foundation for PSP, CBD and Related Brain Diseases[47]. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g Golbe LI (April 2014). " ... The principal areas of the brain affected are the: *basal ganglia, particularly the subthalamic nucleus, substantia nigra and ... a heterogeneous degeneration involving the brain stem, Basal Ganglia and cerebellum with vertical gaze and pseudobulbar palsy, ...
In the case of Leigh disease, crucial cells in the brain stem and basal ganglia are affected. This causes a chronic lack of ... Wilson's disease, biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease, and some forms of encephalitis. Perinatal asphyxia can cause ... Dystonia, nystagmus, and problems with the autonomic nervous system suggest damage to the basal ganglia and brain stem ... basal ganglia, cerebellum, and other regions of the brain. The lesions take on different forms, including areas of ...
Deeper muscles such as those involved in posture often are controlled from nuclei in the brain stem and basal ganglia. ... A large proportion of neurological disorders, ranging from cerebrovascular accident (stroke) and Parkinson's disease to ... Commands are routed though the basal ganglia and are modified by input from the cerebellum before being relayed through the ... Other syndromes or conditions that can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart disease and some diseases of the ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... The rarity of the disease complicates efforts to establish guidelines.[30] GABAA agonists,[2] usually diazepam but sometimes ... These patients tend not to have GAD antibodies.[2] Passive transfer of the disease by plasma injection has been shown in ... The stiff-man syndrome (SMS, also known as stiff-person syndrome) is a rare central nervous system autoimmune disease, but is ...
There are five major pathways in the brain connecting other brain areas with the basal ganglia. These are known as the motor, ... The main pathological characteristics of PD are cell death in the brain's basal ganglia (affecting up to 70% of the dopamine ... The motor symptoms of PD are the result of reduced dopamine production in the brain's basal ganglia. Dopamine does not cross ... A finding of reduced dopamine-related activity in the basal ganglia can rule out drug-induced parkinsonism, but reduced basal ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... cerebrovascular disease, abnormal bleeding, hemorrhage and/or blood clotting disorders, advanced kidney disease or on dialysis ... Deng H, Le W, Jankovic J (June 2007). "Genetics of essential tremor". Brain. 130 (Pt 6): 1456-64. doi:10.1093/brain/awm018. ... Critchley M (1949). "Observations on essential (heredofamilial) tremor". Brain. 72 (2): 113-139. doi:10.1093/brain/72.2.113.. ...
Cerebrovascular diseases (G45-G46 and I60-I69, 430-438). Brain ischemia/. cerebral infarction. (ischemic stroke/TIA). ... most often the lenticulostriate vessels of the basal ganglia, and are associated with chronic hypertension.[3] Charcot-Bouchard ... Intracranial aneurysm, also known as brain aneurysm, is a cerebrovascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral ... Intracranial aneurysms may result from diseases acquired during life, or from genetic conditions. Lifestyle diseases including ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... a disease mimicking a brain tumor). The disease was renamed benign intracranial hypertension in 1955 to distinguish it from ... "Brain. 54: 55-71. doi:10.1093/brain/54.1.55.. Also printed in Symonds CP (January 1932). "Otitic hydrocephalus". Br Med J. 1: ... The second theory posits that either increased blood flow to the brain or increase in the brain tissue itself may result in the ...
2005). "Cerebrovascular Diseases". Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-141620-7. . ... These lesions are concentrated around the basal ganglia, peri-ventricular white matter, and the pons, and are similar to those ... 131 (Pt 9): 2520-5. doi:10.1093/brain/awn019. PMID 18287121.. *^ Hemelsoet D, Hemelsoet K, Devreese D (March 2008). "The ... although MRI is able to detect signs of the disease years prior to clinical manifestation of disease.[2][3] ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... "Brain. 132 (Pt 1): 156-71. doi:10.1093/brain/awn291. PMC 2638696. PMID 19029129.. ... The current terminology and diagnostic criteria for the disease were established at a 2007 conference of experts on the disease ... neurodegenerative diseases that are characterized by an abnormal accumulation of alpha-synuclein protein in the brain.[6] ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... The most common acquired causes of chorea are cerebrovascular disease and, in the developing world, HIV infection-usually ... Huntington's disease[edit]. Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disease and most common inherited cause of chorea. The ... brain iron accumulation disorders, Wilson's disease, benign hereditary chorea, Friedreich's ataxia, mitochondrial disease and ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... Subacute combined degeneration of spinal cord, also known as Lichtheim's disease,[1][2] refers to degeneration of the posterior ...
Neuropathology is a specialty within the study of pathology focused on the disease of the brain, spinal cord, and neural tissue ... Majid Samii - the Iranian Neurosurgeon who innovated basal brain surgery and won the World physician prize in 2007 ... and cerebrovascular system.[1] Neurosurgery is often colloquially referred to as "brain surgery" though neurosurgeons often ... Alzheimer's disease, dementia, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, mitochondria disease, and any disorder that ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... Lyme disease), neuroendocrine diseases (such as thyroiditis, Addison's disease, adrenal insufficiency, Cushing's disease), ... Other diseases, listed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, include infectious diseases (such as Epstein-Barr ... Iceland disease and Akureyri disease: synonymous terms used for an outbreak of fatigue symptoms in Iceland.[118] ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... Brewis M, Poskanzer DC, Rolland C, et al., "Neurological disease in an English city". Acta Neurologica Scand Suppl 24:1--89, ... The cerebrospinal fluid also serves to cushion the brain. Excess cerebrospinal fluid in the central canal of the spinal cord is ... The MRI radiographer takes images of body anatomy, such as the brain and spinal cord, in vivid detail. This test will show the ...
The integrative function of the basal ganglia in instrumental learning. Behavioral Brain Research. 2009, 199 (1): 43-52. PMID ... 中風(英語:Template:Cerebrovascular diseases). *睡眠. *先天性(英語:Template:Congenital malformations and deformations of nervous system) ... 本文會對各種動物的腦進行比較,特別是脊椎動物的腦,而人腦將被作為各種腦的其中一種進行討論。人腦的特別之處會在人
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... both of which are more common in chronic liver disease). A CT scan of the brain may be required to exclude haemorrhage, and if ... Last PM, Sherlock S (February 1960). "Systemic absorption of orally administered neomycin in liver disease". N. Engl. J. Med. ... Hepatic encephalopathy can occur in those with acute or chronic liver disease.[3] Episodes can be triggered by infections, GI ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... "Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 179 (4): 181-241.. *^ Owens, Laurence J; France, Karyn G; Wiggs, Luci (1999). "REVIEW ... It is neither a disease nor a specific condition. (from p. 322). CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link). .mw-parser-output ... A population susceptible to the development of sleep disorders is people who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... Limbic encephalitis refers to inflammatory disease confined to the limbic system of the brain. The clinical presentation often ... Lyme disease or Bartonella henselae may also cause encephalitis.[citation needed] Other bacterial pathogens, like Mycoplasma ... "Clinical Infectious Diseases. 57 (8): 1114-28. doi:10.1093/cid/cit458. PMC 3783060. PMID 23861361.. ...
Brain/. encephalopathy. Degenerative. Extrapyramidal and. movement disorders. *Basal ganglia disease *Parkinsonism *PD ... Familial Alzheimer's disease[edit]. Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) or early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (EOFAD) is ... History of Alzheimer's disease[edit]. Main article: Alzheimer's disease § History. The symptoms of the disease as a distinct ... Early-onset Alzheimer's disease, also called early-onset Alzheimer's, or early-onset AD, is Alzheimer's disease diagnosed ...
18 exp brain ischemia. 19 exp basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease. 20 exp cerebral hemorrhage ... Mental imagery for relearning of people after brain injury. Brain Injury. 2004;18:1163-1172. doi: 10.1080/02699050410001671883. ... Motor rehabilitation and brain plasticity after hemiparetic stroke. Prog Neurobiol. 2004;73:61-72. doi: 10.1016/j.pneurobio. ... Hanakawa T, Immisch I, Toma K, Dimyan MA, Van Gelderen P, Hallett M. Functional properties of brain areas associated with motor ...
Nervous System Diseases. Vascular Diseases. Cardiovascular Diseases. Parkinsonian Disorders. Basal Ganglia Diseases. Movement ... Alzheimer Disease. Dementia. Huntington Disease. Lewy Body Disease. Cerebrovascular Disorders. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Alzheimer Disease Stroke Parkinsons Disease Lewy Body Dementia Huntington Disease ... Alzheimer disease. Stroke. Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration. Lewy Body Dementia. Huntington Disease. mild cognitive impairment ...
... rare and progressive cerebrovascular disorder that is caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain in the basal ganglia. ... moyamoya disease can be fatal as the result of intracerebral hemorrhage. It is a ... In this disease, the arteries get blocked at the base of the brain in the basal ganglia. ... Moyamoya disease is a rare and progressive cerebrovascular disorder that is caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain ...
Haber Lab - Basal Ganglia and Degenerative Diseases. *Halterman Stroke Lab - Targeted Therapeutics for Cerebrovascular Diseases ... Huxlin Lab - Behavioral Studies and Functional Imaging of Visual Function, Plasticity and Rehabilitation After Brain Damage ... Halterman Stroke Lab - Targeted Therapeutics for Cerebrovascular Diseases. *Holt Lab - Synaptic Pharmacology of the Vestibular ... Halterman Stroke Lab - Targeted Therapeutics for Cerebrovascular Diseases. *Huxlin Lab - Behavioral Studies and Functional ...
... cardiovascular disease (CVD), and stroke. Restless legs syndrome, or Willis-Ekbom Disease... ... many of the strokes involved areas of the brain involved in motor control, such as the basal ganglia or pyramidal tracts, or in ... cerebrovascular disease, or heart disease in patients with RLS/PLMS [2, 10, 14, 16, 40, 61, 71, 78, 84, 87, 97, 121, 132, 136, ... The relationship among restless legs syndrome (Willis-Ekbom Disease), hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and cerebrovascular ...
... resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Primary Familial Brain ... cerebrovascular; Fahr disease, familial (formerly); Primary familial brain calcification; Familial idiopathic basal ganglia ... Diseases expand submenu for Diseases * Browse A-Z * Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category * ... Primary Familial Brain Calcification Title Other Names:. FIBGC (formerly); Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification 1; Fahrs ...
... especially the basal ganglia, possibly resulting in a hematoma; blood acts as an irritant, evoking cerebral edema; bleeding ... See Cerebrovascular disease. Want to thank TFD for its existence? Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or visit the ... An intracerebral hemorrhage due to chronic uncontrolled HTN, associated with microaneurysms that leak into the brain, ...
Authors have documented hypertension, cerebrovascular accident and basal ganglia infarction in a 37-year-old patient. ... temporal and anterofrontal cortex and basal ganglia. Dopamine-rich brain regions appear to be relatively specific targets for ... In our practice we routinely inform the possibility of underlying systemic disease and importance of physician consultation in ... Migraine is a marker for systemic disease. Venugopal, Natarajapillai; Sriram Gopal, M R1 ...
27 patients with moyamoya disease experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Aspirin and MRI ... Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on moyamoya disease at PatientsLikeMe. ... magnetic resonance imaging) to treat their moyamoya disease and its symptoms. ... progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries in an area of the brain called the basal ganglia. The name " ...
... progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the basal ganglia, which is located at ... ... progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the basal ganglia, which is located at the base of the brain ... Moyamoya disease is a rare, progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the basal ganglia. ... Known side effects of moyamoya disease. Side effects of moyamoya disease are most likely to first appear with an ischemic ...
PARKINSONS DISEASE a. Definition. Parkinsons disease is a progressive neurological disorder affecting the brain centers that ... 1) Primary degenerative changes of the basal ganglia and their connections prevent motor transmission of automatic movements ( ... Suspected causes include genetic factors, viruses, chemical toxicity, encephalitis, and cerebrovascular disease.. b. Signs and ... 6) Inform patient about American Parkinsons Disease Foundation for patient education and group support.. ...
... extensive changes in the absence of significant vascular risk factors and the absence of basal ganglia or brain stem ... A common cause of white matter change is small vessel cerebrovascular disease. Leukodystrophies, as with the mother of this ... Adult onset Alexander disease: a series of 11 unrelated cases with review of the literature. Brain 2008;131:2321-31. ... et al. Brain biopsy in cryptogenic neurological disease. British J Neurosurg 2011;25:614-20. ...
Seizures complicating ICH are rare and depend on the brain area affected. If the bleeding is in the basal ganglia or the ... As discussed previously, patients with neuro-intensive diseases should not be hyponatremic, as this will lead to worsened ... and most are located in the basal ganglia. SAH may be due to rupture of aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations (AVM) with ... Hemodilution may decrease arterial oxygen content by decreasing hemoglobin levels and compromise oxygen delivery to the brain. ...
... study did not have the benefit of brain imaging to assess the contribution of neurologically silent cerebrovascular disease to ... Lacunar infarcts are commonly associated with disruption of frontal connections to the basal ganglia and anterior limb/genu of ... It is known that people with cerebrovascular disease are at increased risk of suicide.44 A possible cerebrovascular substrate ... Reitan R. Validity of the Trail-Making Test as an indicator of organic brain disease. Percept Mot Skills.. 1958;8:271-276. ...
... basal ganglia, or subcortical hemispheric lesion with a diameter ,1.5 cm demonstrated on brain imaging and no evidence of ... stroke was classified as either lacunar or nonlacunar infarction based on the Classification of Cerebrovascular Disease III ... coronary heart disease risk factors, and coronary heart disease in a community-based medical practice. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 ... impact on disease prevalence and associated risk of diabetes and ischemic heart disease. Diabetes Care. 2004; 27: 1728-1734. ...
exp cerebrovascular disorders/or exp basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease/. *2.. exp basal ganglia hemorrhage/or exp brain ... MH "Cerebrovascular Disorders") OR (MH "Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease+") OR (MH "Carotid Artery Diseases+") OR (MH " ... TI (brain brain* or cerebr* or cerebell* or intracerebral or intracran* or parenchymal or intraventricular or infratentorial or ... TI (stroke or cerebrovasc* or brain vasc* or cerebral vasc* or cva* or apoplex*) or AB (stroke or cerebrovasc* or brain vasc* ...
Discover the latest research on basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease here.. Brain Ischemia. Brain ischemia is a condition in ... Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease. Basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease is a condition where the blood vessels in the ... Cerebrovascular Trauma. Cerebrovascular trauma, also known as blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a non-penetrating injury ... Combined Brain-Heart Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Autoimmune Rheumatic Disease Patients with Cardiac Symptoms: Hypothesis ...
... cerebrovascular, Fahr disease, familial (formerly), Primary familial brain calcification, Familial idiopathic basal ganglia ... Biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease Synonyms: Biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease, BBGD ... Diseases expand submenu for Diseases * Browse A-Z * Find Diseases By Category expand submenu for Find Diseases By Category * ... Primary Familial Brain Calcification Synonyms: FIBGC (formerly), Idiopathic basal ganglia calcification 1, Fahrs Syndrome ( ...
Overview of brain -- Brain -- Thalamus and basal ganglia -- Limbic system -- Brainstem and cranial nerves -- Ventricles and ... Section III : Ischemic and Other Cerebrovascular Disease -- Carotid Microendarterectomy -- Superficial Temporal Artery to ... Infectious and noninfectious inflammatory diseases of the brain -- White matter diseases -- Neurodegenerative diseases and ... Nutritional Diseases -- Metabolic Diseases -- Peripheral Nerve Disease -- Skeletal Muscle Diseases. ...
... there are abnormal signals in the brain stem, basal ganglia and cerebellum. Foci of enhancement and punctuate restricted ... PRES is associated with many conditions such as renal diseases, severe hypertension, eclampsia, pre-eclampisa, cerebrovascular ... Although brain metastasis and PRES have no relation, coexistence of both has been reported in the literature.4 A complete ... There was also symmetrical abnormal high signal in the frontal lobes, in the brain stem and pons. Enhanced MRI showed foci of ...
... both of which target the basal ganglia (corpus striatum) of male CD-1 mice. We assessed neurofunctional deficits and brain ... Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and ... In summary, DTI is used to define a distinct WM pathoanatomy of different brain diseases by the combination of whole brain- ... A selected brain region is injured with a sharp needle to produce a trauma of a controlled width and depth in the brain ...
The autologous blood injection model in mice involves the stereotaxic injection of arterial blood into the basal ganglia ... Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and ... data have identified the cell delivery route as one of the main hurdles of restorative stem cell therapies for brain diseases ... Two murine models in popular use include intrastriatal (basal ganglia) injection of either autologous whole blood or ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and ... Two murine models in popular use include intrastriatal (basal ganglia) injection of either autologous whole blood or ... Traumatic brain injury (TBI) research has attained renewed momentum due to the increasing awareness of head injuries, which ... Among the TBI models, LFP is the most established and commonly used model to evaluate mixed focal and diffuse brain injury 19. ...
... progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain in an area called the basal ganglia. ... Carotid Disease. What is CAROTID DISEASE?. Carotid artery disease is a condition in which a fatty material called plaque builds ... What is a BRAIN ANEURYSM?. A brain aneurysm is a weak or thin spot on a blood vessel in the brain that balloons out and fills ... Brain Aneurysm. Illinois Brain Aneurysm Center. The Illinois Brain Aneurysm Center offers the most comprehensive care from a ...
The basal ganglia: A central hub for the psychomotor effects of electroconvulsive therapy. Belge, J. B., Van Diermen, L., ... Within-network brain connectivity in Crohns disease patients with gadolinium deposition in the cerebellum. Mallio, C. A., ... Miliary brain metastases from primary breast carcinoma: a case report. Cools, D., Parizel, P. M. & Dekeyzer, S., 5 Feb 2019, In ... Brain death and postmortem organ donation: report of a questionnaire from the CENTER-TBI study. CENTER-TBI investigators and ...
Basal Ganglia Diseases. Diseases of the BASAL GANGLIA including the PUTAMEN; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; claustrum; AMYGDALA; and CAUDATE ... Cerebrovascular Disease (CVA) A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is ... in patients with cerebrovascular disease. A total of 182 patients with cerebrovascular disease and 166 controls were examined ... Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic occlusive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology, sharing many similar clinical ...
I. Neuroanatomy 1) The Brain Cerebral Cortex The Limbic System Basal Ganglia Thalamus Hypothalamus Cerebellum The Brainstem ... Cerebrovascular Diseases 1) Ischemic Stroke 2) Hemorrhagic Stroke 3) Inherited Stroke Disorders 4) Special Stroke Conditions: ... Systemic Disorders Affecting the Nervous System 1. Endocrine Disorders 2. Cardiac Diseases 3. Renal Diseases 4. Liver Diseases ... Hartnups Disease, Maple Syrup Urine Disease, Canavans Disease 4.Disorders of Organic Acids 5.Disorders of Carbohydrate ...
basal ganglia 767.0. *. brachial plexus (paralysis) 767.6. *. brain (compression) (pressure) 767.0. *. cerebellum 767.0. ... Apoplexia, apoplexy, apoplectic (see also Disease, cerebrovascular, acute) 436. *. congestive (see also Disease, ... ICD-9-CM codes are used in medical billing and coding to describe diseases, injuries, symptoms and conditions. ICD-9-CM 767.4 ...
... particularly in combination with lesions in the basal ganglia and brain stem, the pathophysiology and cognitive consequences of ... cerebrovascular disease. As well as detecting major strokes, these sequences allow visualisation of small strategic infarcts ( ... Brain microbleeds and Alzheimers disease: innocent observation or key player? Brain2011;134:335-44. ... Fig 4 (A) Dopamine transporter imaging shows symmetrical reduced basal ganglia uptake (dot-like, rather than comma-like, in ...
Basal Ganglia Cerebrovascular Disease. Basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease is a condition where the blood vessels in the ... basal ganglia are damaged or malfunction. Discover the latest research on basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease here. ... Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases. Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) includes several diseases affecting the small arteries, ... Cerebrovascular Trauma. Cerebrovascular trauma, also known as blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a non-penetrating injury ...
  • At Radboud University Medical Center, patients presenting with classical symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease and with a satisfactory response to a normal dose of dopaminergic medication, do not have a brain MRI on a routine basis. (
  • Parkinson disease is usually idiopathic. (
  • We studied the behavioral, cognitive, and neuroimaging characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in 13 patients with focal brain lesions (acquired OCD) and compared their clinical features and the severity of obsessive and compulsive (OC) symptoms with patients with idiopathic OCD. (
  • Current neurobiological models of OCD, based on in vivo functional and structural brain imaging studies, and neuropsychological deficits implicate dysfunction of the frontal-basal-ganglia-thalamo-cortical (FBGTC) circuits in the pathophysiology of idiopathic OCD (I-OCD). (
  • In fact, there are reports of A-OCD in association with a variety of diseases affecting the basal ganglia, such as von Economo's encephalitis, Parkinson's disease, Tourette's syndrome, Huntington's disease, Sydenham's chorea, idiopathic basal ganglia calcification, and striatal necrosis. (
  • Idiopathic Parkinson's disease is caused by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and nigrostriatal pathway of the midbrain. (
  • The familial form of idiopathic basal ganglia calcification is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. (
  • Following her initial response to chemotherapy, the patient progressed as revealed by a CT scan that showed local disease recurrence with innumerable metastatic liver lesions. (
  • These lesions affected the basal ganglia, the internal capsule, and the brain stem. (
  • Although no lesions are present in the basal ganglia in primary spasmodic torticollis, fMRI and PET studies have shown abnormalities of the basal ganglia and hyper activation of the cortical areas. (
  • However, despite multiple MRI approaches to shed light on the spatiotemporal structural changes associated with late life depression, the causal relationship between brain changes, related lesions, and late life depression remains controversial. (
  • A 32 year-old woman with a history of non-diabetic hemodialysis for 3 years suffered from severe involuntary movement, and brain magnetic resonance imaging showed symmetrical T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) and T2/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (T2FLAIR) hyperintense nonhemorrhagic lesions in the bilateral basal ganglia. (
  • She was diagnosed with UE as syndrome of bilateral basal ganglia lesions, due to a combined effect of uremic toxins and hyperthyroidism. (
  • Our case reported a hemodialysis patient that had non-diabetic UE with typical bilateral basal ganglia lesions, presenting with involuntary movement. (
  • Here, we report a case of a non-diabetic dialysis patient with UE and typical acute bilateral basal ganglia lesions, along with a literature review. (
  • Fig. 2 ) hyperintense non-hemorrhagic lesions in bilateral basal ganglia, as well as corona radiata lesions showing mild diffusion restriction. (
  • These were categorized as large territorial, lacunar, localized cortical, and borderzone infarctions and as microembolisms, basal ganglia lesions, callosal lesions, hemorrhages, and white matter hyperintensity on T2-weighted and/or FLAIR images, and as stenotic arterial lesions on MR angiograms. (
  • LSV was graded into three groups based on the number of the LSV lesions and classified into an isolated and combined group showing LSV with coexistent abnormalities noted on brain sonography. (
  • Additional small cerebrovascular lesions can be quantified. (
  • Neuroimaging in the acquired OCD group disclosed a variety of lesions involving exclusively the cerebral cortex (frontal, temporal, or cingulate regions), the basal ganglia, or both. (
  • Cerebrovascular lesions are a frequent finding in the elderly population. (
  • Moreover, there are no standardised criteria for the neuropathological assessment of cerebrovascular disease or its related lesions in human post-mortem brains, and conventional histological techniques may indeed be insufficient to fully reflect the consequences of cerebrovascular disease. (
  • Distinguishing features include blood vessel calcification in the basal ganglia, large necrotizing cortical and subcortical lesions, microcephaly, and infection of astrocytes. (
  • Early stage basal ganglia germ cell tumors appear as ill-defined small patchy hyperintense lesions without cysts on T2-weighted images, are frequently associated with ipsilateral hemiatrophy, and sometimes show microhemorrhage. (
  • In order of prevalence, Alzheimers disease, vascular dementia, and Lewy-body disease are the most common causes of dementia in elderly people.1 Vascular dementia results from ischaemic, hypoperfusive, or haemorrhagic brain lesions that are manifest as numerous clinical syndromes (panel 1). (
  • I. Neuroanatomy 1) The Brain Cerebral Cortex The Limbic System Basal Ganglia Thalamus Hypothalamus Cerebellum The Brainstem Cranial Nerves 2) Spinal Cord 3) Peripheral Nervous System Sensory Receptors Brachial Plexus Lumbosacral Plexus Autonomic Nervous System Enteric Nervous System 4)Neuro-Ophthalmology 5) Neuro-Otology 6) Neuro-Urology 7) Blood Supply of the Nervous System 8) Development of the Nervous System and Malformations 9) Neurochemistry and Disorders of Neurotransmitter Systems II. (
  • The most frequent site of the SCI lesion was basal ganglia, after which the periventricular white matter, cerebral cortex, and thalamus were the most frequent sites. (
  • Soejima T, Takeshita I, Yamamoto H et al (1987) Computed tomography of germinomas in basal ganglia and thalamus. (
  • Higano S, Takahashi S, Ishii K et al (1994) Germinoma originating in the basal ganglia and thalamus: MR and CT evaluation. (
  • Kim DI, Yoon PH, Ryu YH et al (1998) MRI of germinomas arising from the basal ganglia and thalamus. (
  • Moon WK, Chang KH, Kim IO et al (1994) Germinomas of the basal ganglia and thalamus: MR findings and a comparison between MR and CT. (
  • Diagnosis is based on CT or MRI evidence of bilateral, almost symmetric, calcifications of one or more of the following areas: basal ganglia, dentate nuclei, thalamus and cerebral white matter. (
  • Several neurological diseases with behavioral disorders may lead to impaired processing of social and/or emotional informations. (
  • Untreated sleep disorders may contribute to secondary causes of uncontrolled hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and stroke. (
  • Sleep disorders such as insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are established risk factors for increased risk of hypertension and vascular diseases. (
  • In clinical practice, distinguishing 'classical' inherited leukodystrophies from other causes of white matter disease, including vascular and inflammatory disorders, may not always be straightforward. (
  • The results suggest that genetic factors underly differential alteration of brain dopamine and serotonin which may underly the mechanism of amantadine efficacy in neuroleptic-induced extrapyramidal disorders and to the variable responses to amantadine therapy. (
  • An association between cerebrovascular events and psychiatric disorders has been reported. (
  • Gene dysregulation in peripheral blood of moyamoya disease and comparison with other vascular disorders. (
  • Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic occlusive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology, sharing many similar clinical symptoms with other vascular disorders. (
  • Even in the absence of disease modifying therapies, other dementia disorders still require specific treatment strategies, such as modification of vascular risk factors in vascular cognitive impairment, and acetylcholinesterase inhibition for Alzheimer's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, for example. (
  • In this article, the authors discuss the use of pCT in the assessment of acute stroke and other cerebrovascular disorders. (
  • We help people of the Denver Metro Area in the diagnosis and treatment of strokes, epilepsy, headaches, dementia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, and other neurological disorders. (
  • Atypical parkinsonism refers to a group of neurodegenerative disorders that have some features similar to those of Parkinson disease but have some different clinical features, a worse prognosis, a modest or no response to levodopa , and a different pathology (eg, neurodegenerative disorders such as multiple system atrophy , progressive supranuclear palsy , dementia with Lewy bodies , and corticobasal ganglionic degeneration). (
  • The most common disorders include ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke and cerebrovascular anomalies, such as intracranial aneurysms and arteriovenous mal- formations. (
  • Other disorders of cerebrovascular origin include memory problems, aphasia, apraxia, motor disorders, dizziness, hearing dysfunction (tinnitus and progressive sensorineural hearing loss) and headache. (
  • Since its synthesis in the late 1960s, vinpocetine has been widely used for the treatment of cerebrovascular disorders, as it has shown cerebral blood-flow enhancing and neuroprotective effects [3]. (
  • Neurochemical or structural pathologic conditions affecting the basal ganglia result in diseases of motor control, classified as movement disorders. (
  • Furthermore, Dr. Boulos is studying the association of sleep disorders with brain imaging findings, daytime fatigue and vigilance, cognition, quality of life and incident vascular events. (
  • The main objective of this study is to examine empathy in patients suffering from stroke (various locations with an emphasis on frontal stroke), Fronto-temporal dementia, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases. (
  • There was a family history of cardiovascular disease but not of dementia. (
  • Alzheimer's disease is the most common neurodegenerative cause of dementia. (
  • Naming and behavioural problems are commonly seen within the frontotemporal lobar degeneration spectrum, which includes behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (previously Pick's disease), progressive non-fluent aphasia, and semantic dementia (fluent speech with loss of word meaning). (
  • Physicians should be aware that conventional wisdom has not appreciably improved AD pathology or disease outlook in the last 100 years since Alois Alzheimer first described the neurodegeneration that characterizes this dementia. (
  • Silent cerebral infarction (SCI) portends more severe cerebral infarctions or may lead to insidious progressive brain damage resulting in vascular dementia. (
  • 1 2 3 It is considered a precursor of symptomatic stroke and progressive brain damage 1 2 3 that may be associated with vascular dementia. (
  • Selective Genetic Overlap Between Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Diseases of the Frontotemporal Dementia Spectrum. (
  • Vascular dementia is a heterogeneous entity with a large clinicopathological spectrum that has been classically linked to cortical and subcortical ischemic changes resulting from systemic, cardiac, or local large- or small-vessel disease occlusion. (
  • In a clinical setting, differences between the cognitive disturbances in vascular dementia and Alzheimer disease are of limited value in distinguishing the 2 conditions. (
  • Vascular dementia may have less significant memory dysfunction than Alzheimer disease. (
  • For refractory, disabling symptoms in patients without dementia, stereotactic deep brain stimulation or lesional surgery and levodopa and an apomorphine pump may help. (
  • Parkinson disease may share features of other synucleinopathies, such as autonomic dysfunction and dementia. (
  • Neuropathological examination of post-mortem brains of patients with dementia due to neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular changes remains important, as the family wants to be sure about the clinical diagnosis and the risk of a hereditary disease. (
  • Although post-mortem neuropathological examination is increasingly performed less often in most western countries, it is still needed in patients with dementia, due to neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular changes, It is important for the family to be sure about the clinical diagnosis and to exclude the risk of a hereditary disease. (
  • Here, we review and discuss both the neuropathological and in vivo imaging characteristics of cerebrovascular disease, prevalence rates of vascular dementia, and clinico-pathological correlations. (
  • We also discuss the frequent comorbidity of cerebrovascular pathology and Alzheimer's disease pathology, as well as the difficult and controversial issue of clinically differentiating between Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia and mixed Alzheimer's disease/vascular dementia. (
  • Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion leads to irreversible brain damage and plays an important role in the development of certain types of dementia. (
  • For patient education information, see the Dementia Center , Immune System Center , and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Center , as well as Dementia Due to HIV Infection and HIV/AIDS . (
  • She is highly motivated to effect prevention of stroke and dementia in Pacific and Asian communities, given the high impact of this disease in these communities, and her own ethnic heritage. (
  • Because brain infarcts are known to be associated with lower cognitive function and dementia, these data are relevant to better understanding the link between brain metabolism and brain function. (
  • Much of the current scientific knowledge in brain is derived from animal studies, and recent data are characterizing forms of insulin resistance which may differentially associate with particular neuropathologies of dementia [ 23 , 37 ]. (
  • While these and other approaches contribute importantly to advancing science, research on insulin signaling and resistance in human brain tissue is needed to better understand uniquely human conditions such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. (
  • Subcortical ischaemic vascular dementia (SIVD), due to small-artery disease and hypoperfusion, is clinically homogeneous and a major cause of vascular cognitive impairment and dementia. (
  • To evaluate alcohol's central nervous system effects, researchers distinguish "uncomplicated alcoholism" (i.e., alcohol use disorder [AUD]) from the various clinically diagnosable consequences of chronic alcohol consumption, including Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE), Korsakoff's syndrome (KS), hepatic encephalopathy (HE), central pontine myelinolysis (CPM), alcoholic cerebellar degeneration (ACD), alcohol-related dementia (ARD), and Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD). (
  • Unlike in Huntington's disease , which is generally of adult onset and associated with an unremitting autosomal dominant movement disorder and dementia, neuroimaging in Sydenham's chorea is normal and other family members are unaffected. (
  • Undoubtedly, Alzheimer's disease is the most frequent cause, followed by vascular dementia (VD) with 15% of the cases, although global data are unknown in Latin America. (
  • Deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) in vessel walls of the brain as cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) could be a major factor in the pathogenesis of dementia. (
  • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia and is characterised pathologically by the intraneuronal accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) containing tau and ubiquitin, and by the extracellular accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) in brain tissue and in artery walls as cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). (
  • The first symptom of Moyamoya disease tends to often be stroke or recurrent transient ischemic attacks that are also commonly called mini-strokes. (
  • Understanding the relationships between RLS and hypertension, CVD, and stroke has important implications for reducing the risks associated with these diseases. (
  • Side effects of moyamoya disease are most likely to first appear with an ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, or a mini-stroke, also known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). (
  • During an ischemic stroke or TIA, a blockage disrupts the flow of oxygen-carrying blood to the brain. (
  • Moyamoya disease causes an ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, or a mini-stroke, which in turn causes weakness or numbness in an arm or leg, difficulty speaking, or paralysis affecting one side of the body. (
  • The brain-specific astroglial protein GFAP is a blood biomarker candidate indicative of intracerebral hemorrhage in patients with symptoms suspicious of acute stroke. (
  • It has been proposed that transient cerebrovascular ischemia (in the absence of arrested cardiac function or stroke) is associated with the development of cognitive impairment. (
  • A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is interrupted depriving the brain of oxygen and nutrients. (
  • This feed focuses cerebrovascular accidents including ischemic and paralytic stroke. (
  • In children, the first symptom of Moyamoya disease is often stroke, or recurrent transient ischemic attacks (TIA, commonly referred to as "mini-strokes"), frequently accompanied by muscular weakness or paralysis affecting one side of the body, or seizures. (
  • Adults most often experience a hemorrhagic stroke due to recurring blood clots in the affected brain vessels. (
  • Thus, there have been few cohort studies investigating the associations between glucose tolerance levels, defined by a 75-g glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and the risks of developing stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD) in each sex in Asian populations. (
  • This study encompasses the maintenance and utilization of a repository of samples from patients with cerebrovascular disease and stroke. (
  • The radiologic work-up of acute stroke begins with an unenhanced CT of the brain. (
  • A family history of cardiovascular disease included a history of stroke, coronary artery disease, hypertension, or sudden cardiac death. (
  • This review will discuss the clinical, neurosonologic, and neuroimaging features of uncommon causes of stroke (cervical artery dissection, Takayasu arteritis, patent foramen ovale-stroke, Moyamoya disease, and sickle cell disease) and review current diagnostic methods. (
  • Stroke is a heterogeneous disease that may be caused by various mechanisms, and defining the mechanism of stroke is the first step in making treatment decisions. (
  • PFO-stroke), sickle cell disease (SCD), or coagulopathies caused by various conditions such as anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. (
  • The individual approach combines a vascular risk factor modification and various therapies addressing the specific subtypes of stroke (eg, antiplatelet drugs to prevent cerebral infarction in large and small artery diseases of the brain, carotid endarterectomy or stenting for tight carotid artery stenosis, and oral anticoagulants to prevent cardiac emboli). (
  • Longitudinal study of motor recovery after stroke: recruitment and focusing of brain activation. (
  • Calcium modulation of adherens and tight junction function: a potential mechanism for blood-brain barrier disruption after stroke. (
  • A cerebrovascular accident, or stroke, is defined as the abrupt onset of a neurological deficit, which can be due to ischemia. (
  • The study estimated that cerebrovascular disease (stroke) accounted for 9.6% of all deaths. (
  • The moyamoya syndrome is a cerebrovascular condition that predisposes affected patients to stroke in association with progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries and their proximal branches. (
  • In her role as Cerebrovascular Diseases Research Lead at NISAN, she aims to conduct high quality research into the prevention of stroke, and particularly reduce ethnic disparities. (
  • Ischemic stroke is sudden neurologic deficits that result from focal cerebral ischemia associated with permanent brain infarction (eg, positive results on diffusion-weighted MRI). (
  • While the brain is a less well studied organ in this regard, given that diabetes is an established risk factor for stroke, examining the relation of insulin signaling in humans with the underlying neuropathology of stroke promises to advance the field of diabetes, insulin resistance, cerebrovascular disease, and brain dysfunction [ 15 ]. (
  • The severity of Parkinson's Disease symptoms changes faster than researchers thought, so clinical trials should be designed differently. (
  • Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder affecting the brain centers that are responsible for control of movement. (
  • 6) Inform patient about American Parkinson's Disease Foundation for patient education and group support. (
  • Cerebrovascular function during cognition in Parkinson's disease: A functional transcranial Doppler sonography study. (
  • Recent evidence has linked cerebrovascular abnormalities with Parkinson's Disease (PD), which may provide a new neurophysiological understanding of cognitive impairment in PD. (
  • Differentiating atypical parkinsonism from Parkinson's disease can be a challenge in patients presenting with symptoms in early disease stages. (
  • The appropriateness of and the added diagnostic value of a brain MRI scan in the work-up of parkinsonism is described in a newly published article in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease . (
  • Diffusion weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging may provide quantitative measures of the basal ganglia, brainstem and cerebellum, which could assist in the identification of both Parkinson's disease and atypical parkinsonism. (
  • The SIGN guideline on Diagnosis and pharmacological management of Parkinson's disease examines the evidence around the diagnostic process and makes recommendations designed to improve accuracy of diagnosis. (
  • See related patient information handout on Parkinson's disease , written by the author of this article. (
  • Parkinson's disease is a progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. (
  • Dopamine replacement is still considered the most efficacious treatment for Parkinson's disease, but dopamine agonists, formerly prescribed only as adjunctive therapy, are emerging as useful initial therapy. (
  • Parkinson's disease, a progressive disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), is caused by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. (
  • Coronal section of the brain showing the normal motor control connections that are involved in Parkinson's disease. (
  • Parkinson's disease has been reported to affect approximately 1 percent of Americans over 50 years of age, 1 but unrecognized early symptoms of the disease may be present in as many as 10 percent of those over 60 years of age. (
  • 2 Early-onset Parkinson's disease, which often affects persons in their 20s, is receiving more attention because of its impact on employability. (
  • Epidemiologic studies conducted in the United States have found that Parkinson's disease is more prevalent in men than in women (approximate ratio: 3:2). (
  • 3 To date, no studies have determined the prevalence or incidence of Parkinson's disease in Hispanics, and retrospective epidemiologic studies performed in various major cities have yielded contradictory information. (
  • On the other hand, the search for genetic causes has yielded at least four independent gene loci in various forms of familial Parkinson's disease. (
  • In 2000, she began her PhD studies in the field of Parkinson's disease supervised by Dr Jian Guan, Professors Richard Faull and Dianne McCarthy. (
  • Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by calcium deposits in the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that helps start and control movement. (
  • 25 Primary familial brain calcification is a condition characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium (calcification) in blood vessels within the brain. (
  • The Neurovascular Section at UIC integrates both cerebrovascular surgery and neuroendovascular procedures in a multi-modality approach to treatment of cerebrovascular disease. (
  • The Center also offers a one-year Pediatric Cerebrovascular Disease Fellowship for physicians, providing multidisciplinary training in the treatment of cerebrovascular conditions affecting children. (
  • Investigations into glucose tolerance levels and cardiovascular disease have become increasingly important, because the impact of diabetes on cardiovascular disease is considered to be rising due to the rapid increase in the worldwide prevalence of diabetes mellitus in recent years. (
  • P arkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common degenerative neurological condition after Alzheimer's disease, with a prevalence of between 120 and 230 per 100,000 people. (
  • The disease was once thought to affect primarily whites, but recent studies have demonstrated equal prevalence in African Americans and whites living in the same geographic area. (
  • 4 Variations in the prevalence of the disease in individual racial groups in different geographic areas have suggested an increased risk associated with rural living. (
  • The prevalence and incidence of moyamoya disease in Japan has been reported to be 3.16 cases and 0.35 case per 100,000 people, respectively. (
  • Moyamoya is a rare and progressive cerebrovascular disorder. (
  • Moyamoya disease is a rare and progressive cerebrovascular disorder that is caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain in the basal ganglia. (
  • Restless legs syndrome, or Willis-Ekbom Disease (RLS/WED), is a common sensorimotor disorder with a circadian rhythmicity defined by an uncontrollable urge to move the legs that worsens during periods of inactivity or at rest in the evening, often resulting in sleep disruptions. (
  • A small number of patients develop the disorder as a result of another disorder or disease. (
  • A progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by blocked arteries at the base of the brain in an area called the basal ganglia, and that results in networks of small blood vessels developing to bypass these blockages. (
  • Parkinson disease is a slowly progressive, degenerative disorder characterized by resting tremor, stiffness (rigidity), slow and decreased movement (bradykinesia), and eventually gait and/or postural instability. (
  • Upon stabilisation of the patient, an enhanced MRI of the brain showed symmetrical abnormal high fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) signal intensity in the cortico-subcortical white matter of the parieto-occipital lobes and cerebellum. (
  • The cortex, basal ganglia, brainstem and cerebellum are the main cerebral areas of interest in patients with specific forms of neurodegenerative parkinsonism. (
  • Three to six serial sections of a cerebral hemisphere and one section of brainstem and cerebellum allow the evaluation of the most important brain changes and to select the small samples to be used for histological diagnostic purposes. (
  • Pathological conditions involving ARTERIES in the skull, such as arteries supplying the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, the BRAIN STEM, and associated structures. (
  • Ventricles Lateral ventricles Cerebral hemispheres Third ventricle Diencephalon Fourth ventricle Pons & cerebellum Central canal Brain protection 1. (
  • Neuroimaging studies in cocaine abusers demonstrated abnormal perfusion involving the infraparietal,[ 4 ] temporal and anterofrontal cortex and basal ganglia. (
  • These manifestations probably result from ischaemic interruption of parallel circuits from the prefrontal cortex to the basal ganglia and corresponding thalamocortical connections. (
  • The imaging findings of UE include cortical or subcortical involvement, basal ganglia involvement and white matter involvement. (
  • According to previous studies, imaging findings of UE can be classified into three types: 1) cortical or subcortical involvement, 2) basal ganglia involvement, and 3) white matter involvement [ 2 ]. (
  • and more than one), size (gross and microscopic infarcts), and brain region/location (cortical and subcortical). (
  • Authors have documented hypertension, cerebrovascular accident and basal ganglia infarction in a 37-year-old patient. (
  • Silent cerebral infarction (SCI) is defined as a brain lesion that is presumably a result of vascular occlusion found incidentally by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) in otherwise healthy subjects or during autopsy. (
  • The relation of insulin and related factors with cardiovascular disease is increasingly studied, including for the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) and downstream molecules such as AKT as they relate to myocardial infarction and cardiac vessel pathologies such as atherosclerosis [ 14 ]. (
  • SIVD results from small-vessel disease, which produces either arteriolar occlusion and lacunes or widespread incomplete infarction of white matter due to critical stenosis of medullary arterioles and hypoperfusion (Binswangers disease). (
  • Diseases and pathology -- section 5. (
  • A strong association is now known to exist between cardiovascular and cerebrovascular pathology and AD. (
  • These include patients who might have cerebrovascular pathology, or who are suspected of having normal pressure hydrocephalus. (
  • [5,6] By contrast, structural MRI studies, even those performed using quantitative volumetric evaluations, reported either subtle morphologic changes (reduced or increased basal ganglia volumes) or no evidence of macroscopic brain pathology among patients with I-OCD. (
  • In a recent study from our group, we found that brain insulin resistance measures from persons matched on diabetes status, were related to AD pathology and lower cognitive function [ 8 ]. (
  • Brain Pathology. (
  • Specific abnormalities seen on a brain MRI can also suggest a specific form of neurodegenerative parkinsonism, such as multiple system atrophy (MSA) or progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). (
  • 7.0-tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be applied as an additional tool to examine post-mortem brains of patients with neurodegenerative and cerebrovasular diseases. (
  • This article is a review of post-mortem MRI data in the brains of patients with neurodegenerative and vascular dementias. (
  • Though a definitive post-mortem diagnosis still needs to be confirmed by an extensive macroscopic and microscopic examination of the brain using validated neuropathological criteria, 4 7.0-tesla MRI can be used as an additional tool to examine post-mortem brains of patients with neurodegenerative diseases. (
  • In theory, cerebral biopsies could provide the diagnosis in a significant proportion of patients with neurodegenerative diseases, however, there are considerable ethical barriers. (
  • To determine the accuracy of such biopsies in neurodegenerative disease we took small biopsy-sized samples of predominantly fresh post-mortem brain tissue from frontal and temporal lobes in 62 cases. (
  • The study shows that with certain caveats the cerebral biopsy in life should be a viable method of accurately diagnosing many neurodegenerative diseases. (
  • Despite significant advances in neuroradiological techniques and the emergence of possible biomarkers [ 1 , 2 ] the gold standard for diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases remains the histological examination of post mortem brain tissue on the background of clinical evaluation. (
  • As new targeted therapies emerge the accurate diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases in life may well become even more important. (
  • In theory, definitive diagnosis of several neurodegenerative diseases in life can be made on a surgically removed brain biopsy. (
  • For this reason brain biopsies for potential neurodegenerative diseases have often been confined to cases where there has been a need to rule out some other possible treatable conditions such as infection or vasculitis. (
  • The patient will firstly receive a medical examination and clinical data are collected (past medical history, clinical neurological examination, diagnosis, description of first symptoms, course, current treatments)and brain imaging data. (
  • This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. (
  • For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. (
  • People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. (
  • Do you have more information about symptoms of this disease? (
  • What are the symptoms of Moyamoya Disease? (
  • 1 In an ex-smoker with a family history of cardiovascular disease, vascular cognitive impairment, which can be associated with focal cognitive symptoms, depression, and insidious rather than stepwise cognitive decline, should be considered. (
  • In head injuries, the connection between the underlying brain injury and neurological symptoms is usually rapid and obvious, and the severity of the trauma correlates with the clinical symptoms. (
  • the degree of penetrance may depend on whether diagnosis is considered at an anatomic level (presence of calcifications in the brain) or at a clinical level (presence of clinical symptoms). (
  • Cerebrovascular disease and evolution of depressive symptoms in the cardiovascular health study. (
  • Serious symptoms usually occurs when the serum sodium is less than 120 mEq/L. Dropping your sodium from 140 to 116 could definitely lead to brain swelling and death. (
  • It is thought that the calcifications observed are a marker of the disease rather than a cause of the clinical symptoms. (
  • This study could help to understand some neurological diseases and thereby to identify them earlier and/or to better differentiate them. (
  • In order to identify potential "specificity gaps" of a future GFAP test used to diagnose intracerebral hemorrhage, we measured GFAP in the blood of a large and rather unselected collective of patients with neurological diseases. (
  • There were five boys and three girls All were previously healthy and had no history of neurological or haematological diseases. (
  • These conditions are listed below: Perinatal (during birth) cerebral injury Kernicterus Cerebrovascular diseases Drug induced Central nervous system tumor Peripheral or central trauma Infectious or post infectious encephalopathies Toxins Metabolic Paraneoplastic syndromes Central pontine myelinolysis Secondary spasmodic torticollis is diagnosed when any of the following are present: history of exogenous insult or exposure, neurological abnormalities other than dystonia, abnormalities on brain imaging, particularly in the basal ganglia. (
  • Demographic, clinical, neurological, NF1 mutation status, and EEG data were collected along with brain magnetic resonance imaging. (
  • A report by Sprangers et al in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (Sprangers et al, 2000) reports quality of life more affected by musculo-skeletal conditions than renal disease, cerebro-vascular, neurological, gastro-intestinal and even cancer. (
  • Because of this, researchers think that the disease may be a result of inherited genetic abnormalities. (
  • This is likely to be related to the increased use of brain MRI and new genetic insights. (
  • It is unknown what causes a brain aneurysm, however, research in the field suggests there are both genetic and environmental factors that contribute to their appearance and possible growth and possible rupture. (
  • Because it tends to run in families, researchers think that Moyamoya disease is the result of inherited genetic abnormalities. (
  • A genetic predisposition is likely, at least in some cases of Parkinson disease. (
  • A diagnosis cannot be made from a brain magnetic resonance imaging scan, but brain MRI can be of added value when there is uncertainty about the clinical diagnosis. (
  • The authors of the article, who also include neurologists from the Radboud University Medical Center and Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, conducted a 3-year long prospective study on the contribution of routine brain MRI to the differential diagnosis of parkinsonism. (
  • Contribution of routine brain MRI to the differential diagnosis of parkinsonism: a 3-year prospective follow-up study. (
  • We can help you with your rare disease diagnosis. (
  • It is difficult to diagnosis early stage germ cell tumors originating in the basal ganglia, but early recognition is important for better outcome. (
  • Lou X, Ma L, Wang FL et al (2009) Susceptibility-weighted imaging in the diagnosis of early basal ganglia germinoma. (
  • Indeed, about 40% of persons over the age of 60 years have a diagnosis of diabetes, and this same age group has the highest number of medical complications including in the brain [ 11 ]. (
  • Brain imaging (computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) is essential for correct diagnosis. (
  • The service manages the full range of neurovascular diseases including aneurysms, arterio-venous malformations, cavernous malformations, carotid stenosis, and intracranial occlusive disease requiring endovascular stenting or extracranial-intracranial bypass. (
  • Intracranial Arterial Diseases" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Intracranial Arterial Diseases" by people in this website by year, and whether "Intracranial Arterial Diseases" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Intracranial Arterial Diseases" by people in Profiles. (
  • High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging: an emerging tool for evaluating intracranial arterial disease. (
  • It generally occurs in patients with acute kidney injury or severe chronic kidney disease, which may result from multiple metabolic derangements [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • The disease is usually latent, occurring up to 6 months after the acute infection, but may occasionally be the presenting symptom of rheumatic fever. (
  • A major manifestation of acute rheumatic fever, Sydenham's chorea is a result of an autoimmune response that occurs following infection by group A β-hemolytic streptococci [7] that destroys cells in the corpus striatum of the basal ganglia . (
  • Recent functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) shows that most people who complain of chronic pain have very significant activation of part of the brain which lights up as a result of acute pain from experimental injury. (
  • What is the Prognosis of Moyamoya Disease? (
  • Most patients with Moyamoya disease tend to experience mental decline. (
  • Most patients suffering from Moyamoya disease tend to experience mental decline and several strokes because of a progressing of the narrowing of arteries. (
  • Read more articles on Moyamoya Disease . (
  • Treatment of moyamoya disease is revascularization surgery that can restore blood flow to the brain by opening narrowed blood vessels or by bypassing blocked arteries. (
  • What is the treatment of Moyamoya Disease? (
  • Research findings of Moyamoya Disease. (
  • Data from patients with moyamoya disease, who reported starting treatments within the last 5 years. (
  • Who has moyamoya disease on PatientsLikeMe? (
  • The cause of moyamoya disease is unclear. (
  • However, about 10 percent of people suffering from Moyamoya disease have a close relative who is also affected. (
  • The body systems harmed by moyamoya disease include the nervous system and the cardiovascular system. (
  • There is no information on what foods or nutrients prevent moyamoya disease. (
  • Currently, there are no available medications that can reverse the narrowing of the arteries in moyamoya disease. (
  • The goal of treatment for moyamoya disease is reducing the risks of recurrent strokes by doing an arterial bypass or by forming a new blood supply to the affected parts of the brain. (
  • Surgery is commonly recommended for moyamoya disease treatment. (
  • Moyamoya disease can be treated with surgery, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. (
  • Moyamoya disease was first described in Japan in the 1960's and it has since been found in individuals in the United States, Europe, Australia, and Africa. (
  • Without surgery, the majority of individuals with Moyamoya disease will experience mental decline and multiple strokes because of the progressive narrowing of arteries. (
  • Without treatment, Moyamoya disease can be fatal as the result of intracerebral hemorrhage. (
  • The incidence of moyamoya disease is highest in Japan. (
  • Dr. Frederic Meyer, a Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon discusses Moyamoya disease and what to look for when seeking care for moyamoya disease. (
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and MRA) and occasionally computed tomography (CT) scans give the initial indications of moyamoya disease. (
  • Mortality rates of moyamoya disease are approximately 10% in adults and 4.3% in children. (
  • Moyamoya disease is a progressive, chronic occlusive vascular disease of the circle of Willis arteries leading to the development of collateral circulation to compensate the occlusion. (
  • This study aims to investigate the potential causes and clinical and imaging characteristics of Moyamoya Disease (MMD) in children. (
  • Moyamoya Disease (MMD), is a chronic, occlusive cerebrovascular disease involving bilateral stenosis or occlusion of the terminal portion of the Internal Carotid Arteries (ICAs) and/or the proximal portions of the anterior cerebral arteries and Middle Cerebral Arteries (MCAs). (
  • Moyamoya disease is also characterized by irregular perforating vascular networks, called moyamoya vessels, near the occluded or stenotic regions corresponding to the lenticulostriate and thalamoperforate arteries. (
  • The Ministry of Health and Welfare of Japan has defined 4 types of moyamoya disease (MMD): ischemic, hemorrhagic, epileptic, and 'other. (
  • Moyamoya Disease (MMD), by the appearance of smoke on relevant angiographs resultant from the tangle of tiny vessels in response to stenosis. (
  • Though the research of moyamoya disease has made great strides in the past 60 years, the etiology and pathogenesis are largely unknown. (
  • The pathogenesis of moyamoya disease is unknown, although the gene Ring Finger Protein 213 (RNF213) has been implicated [ 4 ]. (
  • The degree of iron load, not due to microbleeds, can be evaluated in different basal ganglia and brainstem structures. (
  • Blood brain barrier Endothelial cells Tight junctions Astrocytes Inflammation Brain Anatomy: Functional regions Brainstem Medulla oblongata, Pons, Mesencephalon 1. (
  • This pilot early phase I trial studies how well ferumoxytol-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) correlates with inflammatory (macrophage) responses in pediatric patients with malignant brain tumors. (
  • men:women 830:164) who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging at the Center for Health Promotion at Samsung Medical Center were assessed. (
  • It uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to take detailed pictures of the brain or spine. (
  • Cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings in bacterial endocarditis: the neuroimaging spectrum of septic brain embolization demonstrated in twelve patients. (
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have distinguished alcohol-related brain effects that are permanent from those that are reversible with abstinence. (
  • The clinical manifestations will depend on the vascular area of the brain involved. (
  • 5 In one clinical trial, 12 patients who had experienced chronic strokes affecting the basal ganglia received intracerebral transplantation of neurons generated from the human NT-2 teratocarcinoma cell line. (
  • Vascular depression is regarded as a subtype of late-life depression characterized by a distinct clinical presentation and an association with cerebrovascular damage. (
  • There is a need for correlative clinical, intra vitam structural and functional MRI as well as postmortem MRI and neuropathological studies in order to confirm the relationship between clinical symptomatology and changes in specific brain regions related to depression. (
  • It is essential that clinical assessment of the non-demented elderly person with mild memory complaints be referred for cost-effective screening using brain imaging, echocardiography, and carotid artery Doppler ultrasound. (
  • For clinical application of brain MRI in parkinsonism, the authors recommend a scanning protocol including 3D T1-weighted and T2 FLAIR sequences. (
  • How I do it: Clinical Application of Brain MRI in the Diagnostic Work-up of Parkinsonism. (
  • Various clinical studies have registered with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study neurologic diseases and damage. (
  • Intravenous administration of BMSC is a well-established approach to neurologic disease and injury with much support for its effectiveness in the pre-clinical and clinical literature. (
  • These studies, which range from clinical trials to investigations of basic biological mechanisms, are aimed at discovering how and why diseases develop in the brain, and focus on finding ways to prevent, treat, or cure them. (
  • Elucidation of the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular disease, clarification of characteristic findings of in vivo imaging and knowledge about the impact of combined pathologies are needed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of clinical diagnoses. (
  • Various clinical studies have indicated that the incidence and high mortality of cerebrovascular diseases can be pre- vented to a large extent. (
  • Although pivotal studies suggested that DAA were safe in patients with psychiatric diseases who could not be treated with previous antiviral therapies, their effects on anxiety and depression have not yet been analysed in clinical practice. (
  • Boston Children's Hospital Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interventions Center was named the first pediatric Clinical Center of Excellence by the Angioma Alliance, a patient/family advocacy organization. (
  • Our physicians are recognized for their innovations and excellence in helping thousands of patients with brain aneurysms. (
  • Cerebral aneurysms can occur anywhere in the brain, but most are located towards the front and form on blood vessels where they branch as they enter the brain. (
  • It has become increasingly clear that part of the explanation for the lack of therapeutic advancement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) lies in the unyielding quagmire resulting from the premise that AD is caused by the excessive production in the brain of a sticky substance called amyloid-β (Aβ). (
  • Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) includes several diseases affecting the small arteries, arterioles, venules, and capillaries of the brain, and refers to several pathological processes and etiologies. (
  • Hypertension is a major risk factor for white matter hyperintensities (WMH), lacunes, cerebral microbleeds, and perivascular spaces, which are MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). (
  • These MRI markers of brain damage result from small vessel disease (SVD). (
  • Most ischemic strokes are caused by large artery atherosclerosis, small vessel occlusive disease, or cardioembolism. (
  • Three diseases of cerebral blood vessels mainly contribute to vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) and/or VaD: (1) atherosclerosis (AS), (2) small vessel disease (SVD) and (3) cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). (
  • Small vessel disease is associated with altered cerebrovascular pulsatility but not resting cerebral blood flow. (
  • Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) contributes to 25% of ischemic strokes and 45% of dementias. (
  • Traumatic injury to the spinal cord (SCI) causes death of neurons, disruption of motor and sensory nerve fiber (axon) pathways and disruption of communication with the brain. (
  • Although AVMs can develop in many different sites, those located in the brain or spinal cord can have especially widespread effects on the body. (
  • A layered group of three thin membranes, called the dura mater, the arachnoid mater, and the pia mater, that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord. (
  • A type of tumour that occurs in the brain and spinal cord, and develops from the layers of tissue which surround and protect the brain and spinal cord (known as the meninges. (
  • Inflammation of the protective membrane layers, called the meninges, which surround the brain and spinal cord. (
  • and the presence of metal fragments (eyes, brain, and spinal cord). (
  • At first their work was contested, but there has been gradual appreciation that pain is greatly attenuated both in the spinal cord and in the brain, and if there is lack of attenuation can lead to very severe and unremitting pain in the absence of significant nociception. (
  • An adaptive process takes place throughout the neuraxis (brain and spinal cord) and in the dorsal horn, new pain fibres sprout. (
  • Cavernous malformations can occur anywhere in the body but usually cause serious problems only in the brain and spinal cord. (
  • 12. Gilman S. Advances in Neurology: cerebrovascular disease. (
  • Basal ganglia cerebrovascular disease is a condition where the blood vessels in the basal ganglia are damaged or malfunction. (
  • Both the narrowed artery and the proliferation of new blood vessels (the "puff of smoke," for which the disease is named) show up in sharp relief. (
  • Section 1: Anatomy of the Urinary Tract -- Section 2: Normal and Abnormal Development -- Section 3: Physiology -- Section 4: Renal Diseases -- Section 5: Urinary Tract Infections -- Section 6: Urinary Tract Obstructions -- Section 7: Traumatic Injuries -- Section 8: Voiding Dysfunction -- Section 9: Neoplasms -- Section 10: Therapeutics. (
  • Secondary parkinsonism is brain dysfunction that is characterized by basal ganglia dopaminergic blockade and that is similar to Parkinson disease, but it is caused by something other than Parkinson disease (eg, drugs, cerebrovascular disease, trauma, postencephalitic changes). (
  • Less is known about insulin in the brain, or how insulin resistance relates to neuropathology, the underlying substrate of brain dysfunction. (
  • The purpose of this study is to see if the MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) thalamotomy procedure can be performed on both sides of the brain safely and effectively to reduce bilateral tremor. (
  • Bilateral striopallidodentate calcinosis (BSPDC, also erroneously called Fahr disease) is characterized by the accumulation of calcium deposits in different brain regions, particularly the basal ganglia and dentate nucleus, and is often associated with neurodegeneration. (
  • The combination of atrophy and severe hypo-intensity of the putamen on susceptibility weighted imaging or T2* can differentiate MSA from other forms of parkinsonism in both early and late disease states. (
  • Loss of substantia nigra neurons results in depletion of dopamine in the dorsal aspect of the putamen (part of the basal ganglia) and causes many of the motor manifestations of Parkinson disease (see figure Basal ganglia ). (
  • SVD initially manifests as lipohyalinosis and arteriolosclerosis in vessels of the basal ganglia, that is, the putamen and globus pallidus, and then in leptomeningeal arteries. (
  • If treatment is not sought, the disease can become fatal as a result of intracerebral hemorrhage. (
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common form of cerebrovascular disease and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. (
  • 1) Primary degenerative changes of the basal ganglia and their connections prevent motor transmission of automatic movements (blinking, facial expressions, muscle tone). (
  • Background and Purpose- Few studies have shown the association between glucose tolerance status defined by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and the development of different types of cardiovascular disease. (
  • Cardiovascular disease continues to be a major global public health concern. (
  • A number of epidemiological studies have demonstrated that Type 2 diabetic subjects have approximately 2.0 to 4.0 times higher risk of cardiovascular disease compared with nondiabetic subjects. (
  • 3-9,11,12 Because nonfatal events were not included in these studies, the results may not have represented the true association between glucose tolerance levels and cardiovascular disease. (
  • Thus, prospective studies using incidence data would provide further information for predicting cardiovascular disease. (
  • 1,2,11,12 Furthermore, many investigators have evaluated cardiovascular generally, rather than by type, and did not separately evaluate sex, although it is well known that the effects of each risk factor are different for each type of cardiovascular disease and sex. (
  • Data on body mass index, history of hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, history of coronary artery disease, family history of cardiovascular disease, and frequency of alcohol consumption were obtained by means of a personal interview and a physical examination. (
  • Background and Purpose -An increasing body of literature suggests a role for clinically "silent" cerebrovascular disease in the pathogenesis of cognitive impairment. (
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome may affect the incidence and pathogenesis of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. (
  • Here, we discuss the involvement of the dopaminergic system in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. (
  • This literature review outlines the lessons learned from studies demonstrating insomnia and OSA as risk factors for hypertension and vascular diseases to support the epidemiologic and physiologic evidence suggesting a similar increase in hypertension and vascular disease risk due to RLS. (
  • Significant fluctuation of blood creatinine levels (predominantly due to inadequate dialysis), along with altered hyperthyroidism [intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels of almost 3200 pg/mL], were reported 1 week ago with no accompanying history of hypertension, DM, respiratory tract infection, fever, stoke, liver disease, hypoxia or toxic fume exposure. (
  • Old age, hypertension, a history of coronary artery disease, evidence of cardiomegaly in chest radiographs, and high fasting glucose/hemoglobin A1c levels were associated with SCI on univariate analysis. (
  • Dopamine-rich brain regions appear to be relatively specific targets for cocaine-induced cerebral ischemia. (
  • Brain ischemia is a condition in which there is insufficient blood flow to the brain to meet metabolic demand. (
  • Discover the latest research on brain ischemia here. (
  • Focal ischemia caused by instability of cerebrovascular tone during attacks of hemiplegic migraine. (
  • Basal nuclei (ganglia) -muscle tone -learned motor 2. (
  • We found that the cerebrovascular reactivity in the chronic ischemic brain can be evaluated by the temporal-shift maps estimated from resting-state blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signals. (
  • A 32-year-old female with non-diabetic chronic kidney disease was on regular hemodialysis for 3 years, via a right forearm arteriovenous fistula. (
  • Brain imaging technology has allowed researchers to conduct rigorous studies of the dynamic course of alcoholism through periods of drinking, sobriety, and relapse and to gain insights into the effects of chronic alcoholism on the human brain. (
  • 1) The use of brain-imaging technology to evaluate clinically defined syndromes associated with chronic alcoholism, each with relatively unique radiological signatures (see table 1 and figure 1), provides guideposts for studying brain alterations associated with uncomplicated alcoholism. (
  • In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Cataract and Bradykinesia that can help you solving undiagnosed cases. (
  • The investigators hope to add to the volume of literature regarding the use of BMSC in those neurologic diseases and conditions identified as likely to respond to this treatment. (
  • In addition, HIV-infected patients are susceptible to the same neurologic diseases as patients without infection. (
  • 2 However, recent studies have shown that neurons suitable for transplantation can be generated from stem cells in culture and that, in response to injury, the adult brain produces new neurons from endogenous stem cells. (
  • In regards their ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier for potential neuronal transdifferentiation and direct impact on the neurons and glial tissue within the brain, it should be remembered that within the diencephalon there are specific circumventricular organs which lie in the wall of the third ventricle. (
  • In Parkinson disease, pigmented neurons of the substantia nigra, locus ceruleus, and other brain stem dopaminergic cell groups degenerate. (
  • Lobster stomatogastric ganglion (STG): This is a well-studied network of neurons found in the lobster which controls the rhythmic contractions of stomach muscles and intra-stomach teeth. (
  • There was also symmetrical abnormal high signal in the frontal lobes, in the brain stem and pons. (
  • The nerves of the Trigeminal Nerve providing sensation to this area converge and enter the brain at the level of the pons. (
  • Brain stem Mesencephalon Pons Medulla oblongata 5. (
  • Before Marshall and Warren's pathologic studies, it occurred to few experts that no antacid of any kind cured ulcer disease and therefore acid secretion could not possibly be the cause of the disease. (
  • The topographic distribution of dVRS is not uniform within the brain and may depend on anatomic or pathologic characteristics interacting with aging and sex. (
  • In a recent pathologic study, alterations in expression of insulin receptor signaling pathway genes in human brain were found to be modulated by diabetes medications [ 17 ]. (
  • Sources of possible embolisation (large vessel dissections), vessel malformations, and large vessel diseases were excluded by precordial, cervical, and transcranial Doppler ultrasound and angiography. (
  • The main aim of the study was to examine neuropsychological impairment associated with cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and to compare cognitive deficits with a nonvascular control group. (
  • Relatively little is known about cognitive impairment associated with peripheral vascular disease (PVD), but PVD is known to be a risk factor for TIA. (
  • Based on current knowledge, the correlations between intra vitam neuroimaging findings and their postmortem validity as well as the role of peripheral markers of vascular disease in late life depression are discussed. (
  • Effect of cilostazol on treadmill walking, community-based walking ability, and health-related quality of life in patients with intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial disease: meta-analysis of six randomized controlled trials. (
  • Furthermore, alcohol can alter the brain by affecting peripheral organs, including the digestive tract (e.g. (