Bradyrhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria usually containing granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. They characteristically invade the root hairs of leguminous plants and act as intracellular symbionts.Rhizobiaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Root Nodules, Plant: Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.Plant Root Nodulation: The formation of a nitrogen-fixing cell mass on PLANT ROOTS following symbiotic infection by nitrogen-fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.Acacia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Lespedeza: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.Pachyrhizus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Some Pachyrhizus have been reclassified to PUERARIA. Do not confuse with yam (IPOMOEA; or DIOSCOREA) or African yam bean (SPHENOSTYLIS).RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Hydrogenase: An enzyme found in bacteria. It catalyzes the reduction of FERREDOXIN and other substances in the presence of molecular hydrogen and is involved in the electron transport of bacterial photosynthesis.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Afipia: A genus of gram-negative, oxidase-positive, nonfermentative rods which are motile by means of a single flagellum. Afipia felis and BARTONELLA HENSELAE are causative agents of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Sinorhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonsporeforming rods which usually contain granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Nitrogenase: An enzyme system that catalyzes the fixing of nitrogen in soil bacteria and blue-green algae (CYANOBACTERIA). EC 1.18.6.1.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Sinorhizobium fredii: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is a fast-growing and soybean-nodulating innoculant.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Lupinus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is a source of SPARTEINE, lupanine and other lupin alkaloids.2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid: An herbicide with irritant effects on the eye and the gastrointestinal system.Alphaproteobacteria: A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.Cytisus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is sometimes called broom because of the shape of the plant. Members produce SPARTEINE.Rhodobacter: A genus of gram-negative bacteria widely distributed in fresh water as well as marine and hypersaline habitats.Hemeproteins: Proteins that contain an iron-porphyrin, or heme, prosthetic group resembling that of hemoglobin. (From Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p480)Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Bradyrhizobiaceae: A proposed family of bacteria belonging to the alpha-2 subgroup of PROTEOBACTERIA.Canthaxanthin: A trans-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. The compound is used as an oral suntanning agent and as a food and drug coloring agent. Oral ingestion of the compound causes canthaxanthin retinopathy.Oxidoreductases: The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)Carbon Cycle: The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.Chlorobi: A phylum of anoxygenic, phototrophic bacteria including the family Chlorobiaceae. They occur in aquatic sediments, sulfur springs, and hot springs and utilize reduced sulfur compounds instead of oxygen.Chlorobium: A genus of phototrophic, obligately anaerobic bacteria in the family Chlorobiaceae. They are found in hydrogen sulfide-containing mud and water environments.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Pentose Phosphate Pathway: An oxidative decarboxylation process that converts GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE to D-ribose-5-phosphate via 6-phosphogluconate. The pentose product is used in the biosynthesis of NUCLEIC ACIDS. The generated energy is stored in the form of NADPH. This pathway is prominent in tissues which are active in the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS and STEROIDS.Rhodospirillales: An order of photosynthetic bacteria representing a physiological community of predominantly aquatic bacteria.Autotrophic Processes: The processes by which organisms use simple inorganic substances such as gaseous or dissolved carbon dioxide and inorganic nitrogen as nutrient sources. Contrasts with heterotrophic processes which make use of organic materials as the nutrient supply source. Autotrophs can be either chemoautotrophs (or chemolithotrophs), largely ARCHAEA and BACTERIA, which also use simple inorganic substances for their metabolic energy reguirements; or photoautotrophs (or photolithotrophs), such as PLANTS and CYANOBACTERIA, which derive their energy from light. Depending on environmental conditions some organisms can switch between different nutritional modes (autotrophy; HETEROTROPHY; chemotrophy; or PHOTOTROPHY) to utilize different sources to meet their nutrient and energy requirements.Interleukin-6 Receptor alpha Subunit: A low affinity interleukin-6 receptor subunit that combines with the CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130 to form a high affinity receptor for INTERLEUKIN-6.Sinorhizobium meliloti: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes formation of root nodules on some, but not all, types of sweet clover, MEDICAGO SATIVA, and fenugreek.

The Bradyrhizobium japonicum nolA gene encodes three functionally distinct proteins. (1/348)

Examination of nolA revealed that NolA can be uniquely translated from three ATG start codons. Translation from the first ATG (ATG1) predicts a protein (NolA1) having an N-terminal, helix-turn-helix DNA-binding motif similar to the DNA-binding domains of the MerR-type regulatory proteins. Translation from ATG2 and ATG3 would give the N-terminally truncated proteins NolA2 and NolA3, respectively, lacking the DNA-binding domain. Consistent with this, immunoblot analyses of Bradyrhizobium japonicum extracts with a polyclonal antiserum to NolA revealed three distinct polypeptides whose molecular weights were consistent with translation of nolA from the three ATG initiation sites. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to produce derivatives of nolA in which ATG start sites were sequentially deleted. Immunoblots revealed a corresponding absence of the polypeptide whose ATG start site was removed. Translational fusions of the nolA mutants to a promoterless lacZ yielded functional fusion proteins in both Escherichia coli and B. japonicum. Expression of NolA is inducible upon addition of extracts from 5-day-old etiolated soybean seedlings but is not inducible by genistein, a known inducer of the B. japonicum nod genes. The expression of both NolA2 and NolA3 requires the presence of NolA1. NolA1 or NolA3 is required for the genotype-specific nodulation of soybean genotype PI 377578.  (+info)

A novel 53-kDa nodulin of the symbiosome membrane of soybean nodules, controlled by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. (2/348)

A nodule-specific 53-kDa protein (GmNOD53b) of the symbiosome membrane from soybean was isolated and its LysC digestion products were microsequenced. cDNA clones of this novel nodulin, obtained from cDNA library screening with an RT-PCR (reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction)-generated hybridization probe exhibited no homology to proteins identified so far. The expression of GmNOD53b coincides with the onset of nitrogen fixation. Therefore, it is a late nodulin. Among other changes, the GmNOD53b is significantly reduced in nodules infected with the Bradyrhizobium japonicum mutant 184 on the protein level as well as on the level of mRNA expression, compared with the wild-type infected nodules. The reduction of GmNOD53b mRNA is related to an inactivation of the sipF gene in B. japonicum 184, coding for a functionally active signal peptidase.  (+info)

Further studies of the role of cyclic beta-glucans in symbiosis. An NdvC mutant of Bradyrhizobium japonicum synthesizes cyclodecakis-(1-->3)-beta-glucosyl. (3/348)

The cyclic beta-(1-->3),beta-(1-->6)-D-glucan synthesis locus of Bradyrhizobium japonicum is composed of at least two genes, ndvB and ndvC. Mutation in either gene affects glucan synthesis, as well as the ability of the bacterium to establish a successful symbiotic interaction with the legume host soybean (Glycine max). B. japonicum strain AB-14 (ndvB::Tn5) does not synthesize beta-glucans, and strain AB-1 (ndvC::Tn5) synthesizes a cyclic beta-glucan lacking beta-(1-->6)-glycosidic bonds. We determined that the structure of the glucan synthesized by strain AB-1 is cyclodecakis-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucosyl, a cyclic beta-(1-->3)-linked decasaccharide in which one of the residues is substituted in the 6 position with beta-laminaribiose. Cyclodecakis-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucosyl did not suppress the fungal beta-glucan-induced plant defense response in soybean cotyledons and had much lower affinity for the putative membrane receptor protein than cyclic beta-(1-->3),beta-(1-->6)-glucans produced by wild-type B. japonicum. This is consistent with the hypothesis presented previously that the wild-type cyclic beta-glucans may function as suppressors of a host defense response.  (+info)

Susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide and catalase activity of root nodule bacteria. (4/348)

The root nodule bacteria (free-living cells) tested had higher susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) than the other genera of aerobic or facultative anaerobic bacteria tested. The catalase activities tended to have a positive correlation with H2O2 resistance among all bacteria tested. Addition of a catalase inhibitor such as 3-amino-1, 2, 4-triazole increased the susceptibility to H2O2. These results suggest that the lower catalase activity brings about the higher susceptibility of root nodule bacteria to H2O2. Root nodule bacteria seemed to have two or three catalase isozymes during growth and their catalase activities were higher in log phase than in stationary phase, contrary to other genera of bacteria tested.  (+info)

Photosynthetic bradyrhizobia from Aeschynomene spp. are specific to stem-nodulated species and form a separate 16S ribosomal DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism group. (5/348)

We obtained nine bacterial isolates from root or collar nodules of the non-stem-nodulated Aeschynomene species A. elaphroxylon, A. uniflora, or A. schimperi and 69 root or stem nodule isolates from the stem-nodulated Aeschynomene species A. afraspera, A. ciliata, A. indica, A. nilotica, A. sensitiva, and A. tambacoundensis from various places in Senegal. These isolates, together with 45 previous isolates from various Aeschynomene species, were studied for host-specific nodulation within the genus Aeschynomene, also revisiting cross-inoculation groups described previously by D. Alazard (Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50:732-734, 1985). The whole collection of Aeschynomene nodule isolates was screened for synthesis of photosynthetic pigments by spectrometry, high-pressure liquid chromatography, and thin-layer chromatography analyses. The presence of puf genes in photosynthetic Aeschynomene isolates was evidenced both by Southern hybridization with a Rhodobacter capsulatus photosynthetic gene probe and by DNA amplification with primers defined from photosynthetic genes. In addition, amplified 16S ribosomal DNA restriction analysis was performed on 45 Aeschynomene isolates, including strain BTAi1, and 19 reference strains from Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Bradyrhizobium elkanii, and other Bradyrhizobium sp. strains of uncertain taxonomic positions. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the photosynthetic strain ORS278 (LMG 12187) was determined and compared to sequences from databases. Our main conclusion is that photosynthetic Aeschynomene nodule isolates share the ability to nodulate particular stem-nodulated species and form a separate subbranch on the Bradyrhizobium rRNA lineage, distinct from B. japonicum and B. elkanii.  (+info)

Phosphorylation, dephosphorylation and DNA-binding of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum RegSR two-component regulatory proteins. (6/348)

Under low oxygen conditions, induction of many genes required for nitrogen fixation in Bradyrhizobium japonicum depends on the redox-responsive transcriptional activator NifA which is encoded in the fixR-nifA operon. Basal expression of this operon depends on the response regulator RegR and a DNA element located around position -68 in the fixR-nifA promoter region. To investigate the functional properties of RegR and the interaction with its putative cognate kinase, RegS, we overproduced and affinity-purified RegR and a truncated soluble variant of RegS (RegS(C)), both as N-terminally His(6)-tagged proteins. RegS(C) autophosphorylated when incubated with [gamma-(32)P]ATP, and it catalyzed the transfer of the phosphoryl label to RegR. The phosphorylated form of RegS(C) exhibited phosphatase activity on RegR-phosphate. Chemical stability tests and site-specific mutagenesis identified amino acids H219 and D63 of RegS and RegR, respectively, as the phosphorylated residues. Competition experiments with isolated domains demonstrated that the N-terminal but not the C-terminal domain of RegR interacts with RegS(C). Band-shift experiments revealed that phosphorylated RegR had at least eightfold enhanced DNA-binding activity compared with dephosphorylated RegR or the mutant protein RegR-D63N, which cannot be phosphorylated. In conclusion, the RegSR proteins of B. japonicum exhibit functional properties in vitro that are typical of two-component regulatory systems.  (+info)

Succinate dehydrogenase (Sdh) from Bradyrhizobium japonicum is closely related to mitochondrial Sdh. (7/348)

The sdhCDAB operon, encoding succinate dehydrogenase, was cloned from the soybean symbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Sdh from B. japonicum is phylogenetically related to Sdh from mitochondria. This is the first example of a mitochondrion-like Sdh functionally expressed in Escherichia coli.  (+info)

IS1631 occurrence in Bradyrhizobium japonicum highly reiterated sequence-possessing strains with high copy numbers of repeated sequences RSalpha and RSbeta. (8/348)

From Bradyrhizobium japonicum highly reiterated sequence-possessing (HRS) strains indigenous to Niigata and Tokachi in Japan with high copy numbers of the repeated sequences RSalpha and RSbeta (K. Minamisawa, T. Isawa, Y. Nakatsuka, and N. Ichikawa, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:1845-1851, 1998), several insertion sequence (IS)-like elements were isolated by using the formation of DNA duplexes by denaturation and renaturation of total DNA, followed by treatment with S1 nuclease. Most of these sequences showed structural features of bacterial IS elements, terminal inverted repeats, and homology with known IS elements and transposase genes. HRS and non-HRS strains of B. japonicum differed markedly in the profiles obtained after hybridization with all the elements tested. In particular, HRS strains of B. japonicum contained many copies of IS1631, whereas non-HRS strains completely lacked this element. This association remained true even when many field isolates of B. japonicum were examined. Consequently, IS1631 occurrence was well correlated with B. japonicum HRS strains possessing high copy numbers of the repeated sequence RSalpha or RSbeta. DNA sequence analysis indicated that IS1631 is 2,712 bp long. In addition, IS1631 belongs to the IS21 family, as evidenced by its two open reading frames, which encode putative proteins homologous to IstA and IstB of IS21, and its terminal inverted repeat sequences with multiple short repeats.  (+info)

Agromonas oligotrophica JCM 1494T was isolated in Japan in 1983, and the name was validly published in 1985. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that Agromonas oligotrophica LMG 10732T ( = JCM 1494T) is located within the genus Bradyrhizobium , with Bradyrhizobium denitrificans LMG 8443T as its closest relative, showing 99.6 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity. However, Agromonas oligotrophica LMG 10732T and Bradyrhizobium denitrificans LMG 8443T can be distinguished by housekeeping gene sequence analysis, phenotypic characterization and DNA-DNA hybridization. Agromonas oligotrophica is also genotypically and phenotypically different from the remaining species of the genus Bradyrhizobium , and we therefore propose the reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. nov. (type strain LMG 10732T = JCM 1494T = ATCC 43045T).
This research aimed to determine the effect of brown seaweed extract and Bradyrhizobium japonicum and their interaction to increase N availability and Soybean Production. This research was conducted in the green house and Soil Biology laboratory of Fakultas Pertanian USU in Juny-October 2014, used Randomized Block Design (RBD) factorial consisting of 2 factors and 3 replications. The first factor was brown seaweed extract concentration consisting of 4 treatments (0, 10, 20 and 30 %/polybag) and the second factor was Bradyrhizobium japonicum consisting of 2 treatments (with and without Bradyrhizobium japonicum). The result showed that brown seaweed extract significantly affected increase number and weight of root nodule, shoot dry and root weight, number and weight of seed, and N absorption but not significantly affected increase C-organic, plant height, number of branch, and decrease soil pH, N-availability of soil and plant. Bradyrhizobium japonicum significantly affected increase number and ...
Differential RNA-sequencing (dRNA-seq) is indispensable for determination of primary transcriptomes. However, using dRNA-seq data to map transcriptional start sites (TSSs) and promoters genome-wide is a bioinformatics challenge. We performed dRNA-seq of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110, the nitrogen-fixing symbiont of soybean, and developed algorithms to map TSSs and promoters. A specialized machine learning procedure for TSS recognition allowed us to map 15,923 TSSs: 14,360 in free-living bacteria, 4329 in symbiosis with soybean and 2766 in both conditions. Further, we provide proteomic evidence for 4090 proteins, among them 107 proteins corresponding to new genes and 178 proteins with N-termini different from the existing annotation (72 and 109 of them with TSS support, respectively). Guided by proteomics evidence, previously identified TSSs and TSSs experimentally validated here, we assign a score threshold to flag 14 % of the mapped TSSs as a class of lower confidence. However, this class of lower
Analysis of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum hemH gene and its expression in Escherichia coli. Fur-independent regulatin of iron metabolism by Irr in Bradyrhizobium japonicum
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar ...
ID G7D4G7_BRAJP Unreviewed; 298 AA. AC G7D4G7; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 38. DE SubName: Full=Nitrate ABC transporter permease protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1}; GN Name=nrtB {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1}; GN ORFNames=BJ6T_69590 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1}; OS Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 6. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhizobiales; OC Bradyrhizobiaceae; Bradyrhizobium. OX NCBI_TaxID=1037409 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005663}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005663} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=USDA6 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005663}; RA Kaneko T., Maita S., Hirakawa H., Uchiike N., Minamisawa K., RA Watanabe A., Sato S.; RT "Complete Genome Sequence of the Soybean Symbiont Bradyrhizobium RT japonicum Strain USDA6T."; RL Genes (Basel) 2:763-787(2011). CC -!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cell ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum bradavidin protein: a biotin-binding protein that, due to its different immunoreactivity, may prove useful in gene therapy, imaging, and drug delivery; amino acid sequence in first source
FixK2 is a regulatory protein that activates a large number of genes for the anoxic and microoxic, endosymbiotic, and nitrogen-fixing life styles of the α-proteobacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum. FixK2 belongs to the cAMP receptor protein (CRP) superfamily. Although most CRP family members are coregulated by effector molecules, the activity of FixK2 is negatively controlled by oxidation of its single cysteine (Cys-183) located next to the DNA-binding domain and possibly also by proteolysis. Here, we report the three-dimensional x-ray structure of FixK2, a representative of the FixK subgroup of the CRP superfamily. Crystallization succeeded only when (i) an oxidation- and protease-insensitive protein variant (FixK2(C183S)-His6) was used in which Cys-183 was replaced with serine and the C terminus was fused with a hexahistidine tag and (ii) this protein was allowed to form a complex with a 30-mer double-stranded target DNA. The structure of the FixK2-DNA complex was solved at a resolution of ...
BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MIKROBIOLOGIE); BACTEROIDES (MIKROBIOLOGIE); WURZELKNÖLLCHEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); ENDOSYMBIOSE (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); MIKROORGANISMUS-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PILZ-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); STICKSTOFFFIXIERUNG (BODENMIKROBIOLOGIE); GENREGULATION, REGULATION DER GENEXPRESSION (MOLEKULARBIOLOGIE); GENANALYSE (GENETISCHE TECHNIKEN); TRANSKRIPTIONSREGULATION (MOLEKULARE GENETIK); CD-ROM (DOKUMENTENTYP); BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MICROBIOLOGY); BACTEROIDES (MICROBIOLOGY); ROOT NODULES (PLANT ECOLOGY); ENDOSYMBIOSIS (PLANT ECOLOGY); MICROORGANISM-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-FUNGUS INTERACTIONS (PLANT ECOLOGY); NITROGEN FIXATION (SOIL MICROBIOLOGY); GENE REGULATION, REGULATION OF GENE-EXPRESSION (MOLECULAR BIOLOGY); GENE ANALYSIS (GENETIC TECHNIQUES); TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATION (MOLECULAR GENETICS); CD-ROM (DOCUMENT TYPES ...
The Bacteria, Bradyrhizobium japonicum in a Soybean root nodule (Glycine max) where it establishes a nitrogen fixing symbiosis. SEM X50,000 - Stock Image C022/4840
Regulation of heme metabolism, iron homeostasis and oxidative stress. The adaptive success of bacteria depends, in part, on the ability to sense and respond to external cues at the level of gene expression. Bradyrhizobium japonicum resides as a free-living soil bacterium or as the endosymbiont of soybean with root nodules. In addition to its agricultural significance, B. japonicum also serves as a model to study bacteria-eukaryote interactions more generally, including related pathogens that are refractive to genetic and biochemical study. We are interested in the regulation of heme metabolism and its integration with iron homeostasis in B. japonicum. Hemes are needed for many cellular processes, and we have shown that heme plays important regulatory roles in cells. We are interested in the molecular basis of this novel regulatory mechanism. We identified the iron response regulator (Irr) protein as a regulator that couples heme biosynthesis with global iron metabolism. Irr responds to the iron ...
Microbial enzymes for animal feed processing; Probiotics; Flour production by microbial technology; Molecular genetics of anozygenic photosynthetic bacteria; Role of microbial communities in Indonesian traditional fermented food and crustacean development; Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR); Phylosphere Bacteria as Biocontrol of Phytopathogenic Microbes; Marine Microbiology and Biotechnology; Nitrogen cycling and N2O emission in tropical estuaries and agricultural system; Methanotrophic and methanogenic bacteria in rice fields and aquatic ecosystem; Bacterial probiotics in aquacultures; Anti-quorum sensing in bacteria; Symbiotic effectiveness of inoculant acid-alumunium tolerant Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains with soybean cultivar Slamet in acid soils; Isolations, characterizations and applications of microbial enzymes; Microbial signal transduction on stress response; Enteropathogenic Eschericia coli; Dengue and enviromental health; Screening of antimicrobial substance from bacteria ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 12:218-226...Till Winzer , 1 Andrea Bairl , 1 Monica Linder , 2 Dietmar Linder , 2 Dietrich Werner , 1 and Peter Müller 1...© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society...
Citation: Radwan, O., Carbajulca, D., Libault, M., Brechenmacher, L., Clough, S.J. 2008. Preliminary Analysis of Soybean Gene Expression Response to a Bradyrhizobium japonicum Type III Secretion System Mutant [abstract]. 4th International Conference on Legume Genomics and Genetics, December 7-12, 2008, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. 2008 CDROM. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Plant pathogens deliver proteinaceous effector molecules into their host via complex secretion systems, such as the type III secretion system (T3SS). Some of these T3SS effectors have been shown to function as suppressors of host defense responses. The role of the T3SS during plant interactions with symbionts is just beginning to be characterized. The symbiont, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, has a T3SS that is required for proper nodulation of soybean (2002 MPMI 15:1228-1235). Affymetrix gene chip analysis of soybean root-hair response to a T3SS mutant and wild-type B. japonicum versus mock inoculation at 6, 12, and 18 hours ...
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1JFU: Structure of the soluble domain of a membrane-anchored thioredoxin-like protein from Bradyrhizobium japonicum reveals unusual properties.
Here, I will present the recently discovered regulation of nos genes through the two-component system NasST. NasS is a nitrate sensor and NasT is a transcription antiterminator. Mutation of nasS induced both N2O reductase activity and transcription of nos genes (nosRZD), in cells of B. diazoefficiens incubated in the absence of nitrate. The NasS_NasT protein complex was dissociated in vitro by the addition of nitrate, suggesting the release of NasT, which is known to bind the leader RNA of the target gene, thereby preventing hairpin formation and allowing complete transcription. Disruption of nasT led to a marked decrease in nos transcription in B. diazoefficiens cells incubated with nitrate, indicating that NasST system regulates nos transcription in response to nitrate. Although analysis of the region upstream nosR and nosZ genes revealed no regulatory hairpin structures similar to those present in the leader RNA of other genes regulated by NasT, we could confirm binding of purified NasT with ...
Bradyrhizobium elkanii strain USDA 31 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partialsequence; tRNA-Ile and tRNA-Ala genes, complete sequence; and 23S ribosomalRNA gene, partial ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Sigma factors are initiation factors that promote the attachment of RNA polymerase to specific initiation sites and are then released. This sigma factor is responsible for the expression of the nitrogen fixation genes.
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression is associated with a variety of idiopathic clinical syndromes that may have infectious causes. It has been hypothesized that the cord colitis syndrome, a complication of umbilical-cord hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, is infectious in origin. METHODS: We performed shotgun DNA sequencing on four archived, paraffin-embedded endoscopic colon-biopsy specimens obtained from two patients with cord colitis. Computational subtraction of human and known microbial sequences and assembly of residual sequences into a bacterial draft genome were performed. We used polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) assays and fluorescence in situ hybridization to determine whether the corresponding bacterium was present in additional patients and controls. RESULTS: DNA sequencing of the biopsy specimens revealed more than 2.5 million sequencing reads that did not match known organisms. These sequences were computationally assembled into a 7.65-Mb draft genome showing a high degree of ...
4I1D: Structural and functional characterization of solute binding proteins for aromatic compounds derived from lignin: p-Coumaric acid and related aromatic acids.
Thomas-Oates J., Bereszczak J., Edwards E., Gill A., Noreen S., Zhou J.C., Chen M.Z., Miao L.H., Xie F.L., Yang J.K., Zhou Q., Yang S.S., Li X.H., Wang L., Spaink H.P., Schlaman H.R., Harteveld M., Diaz C.L., Brussel A.A.N. van, Camacho M., Rodriguez-Navarro D.N., Santamaria C., Temprano F., Acebes J.M., Bellogin R.A., Buendia-Claveria A.M., Cubo M.T., Espuny M.R., Gil A.M., Gutierrez R., Hidalgo A., Lopez-Baena F.J., Madinabeitia N., Medina C., Ollero F.J., Vinardell J.M. & Ruiz-Sainz J.E. (2003), A catalogue of molecular, physiological and symbiotic properties of soybean-nodulating rhizobial strains from different soybean cropping areas of China, System Appl Microbiol 26: 453-465 ...
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Certain strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum form a previously unknown polysaccharide in the root nodules of soybean plants (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). The polysaccharide accumulates inside of the symbiosome membrane-the plant-derived membrane enclosing the bacteroids. In older nodules (60 days after planting), the polysaccharide occupies most of the symbiosome volume and symbiosomes become enlarged so that there is little host cytoplasm in infected cells. The two different groups of B. japonicum which produce different types of polysaccharide in culture produce polysaccharides of similar composition in nodules. Polysaccharide formed by group I strains (e.g., USDA 5 and USDA 123) is composed of rhamnose, galactose, and 2-O-methylglucuronic acid, while polysaccharide formed by group II strains (e.g., USDA 31 and USDA 39) is composed of rhamnose and 4-O-methylglucuronic acid. That the polysaccharide is a bacterial product is indicated by its composition plus the fact that polysaccharide formation is ...
BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MIKROBIOLOGIE); ENDOSYMBIOSE (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); WURZELKNÖLLCHEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); STICKSTOFFFIXIERUNG (MIKROBIOLOGIE); KARBONAT-DEHYDRATASE (ENZYME); GENREGULATION, REGULATION DER GENEXPRESSION (MOLEKULARBIOLOGIE); MIKROORGANISMUS-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PILZ-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); OXALSÄURE + OXALATE + OXALSÄURESTICKSTOFFDERIVATE + OXALSÄURESCHWEFELDERIVATE (ALIPHATISCHE POLYCARBONSÄUREN); BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MICROBIOLOGY); ENDOSYMBIOSIS (PLANT ECOLOGY); ROOT NODULES (PLANT ECOLOGY); NITROGEN FIXATION (MICROBIOLOGY); CARBONATE DEHYDRATASE (ENZYMES); GENE REGULATION, REGULATION OF GENE-EXPRESSION (MOLECULAR BIOLOGY); MICROORGANISM-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-FUNGUS INTERACTIONS (PLANT ECOLOGY); OXALIC ACID + OXALATES + OXALIC ACID NITROGEN DERIVATIVES + OXALIC ACID SULFUR DERIVATIVES (ALIPHATIC POLYCARBOXYLIC ACIDS ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 20:1353-1363...Gabriella Pessi , 1 Christian H. Ahrens , 2 Hubert Rehrauer , 2 Andrea Lindemann , 1 Felix Hauser , 1 Hans-Martin Fischer , 1 and Hauke Hennecke 1...
This page highlights species information RE: Hypericum canariense from the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/).
At the time of this study, the available Affymetrix soybean DNA microarray consisted of 37,641 features derived from over 350,000 EST sequences that were available at the time of the design. The recent release of the soybean genome sequence and prediction of associated genes enabled reexamination of the content and updated curation of this array. Accordingly, we blasted each probe set against the predicted soybean cDNA sequences (http://www.phytozome.net/soybean). A total of 34,015 probe sets (90.5%) matched against soybean cDNA sequences, while 3,578 (9.5%) did not (Supplemental Fig. S1; Supplemental Table S1). These 34,015 probe sets were divided into three categories, associated with one (13,949, 37.1%), two (16,509, 43.9%), and three or more (3,557, 9.5%) predicted soybean genes (Supplemental Fig. S1; Supplemental Table S1). The first category of probe sets targets 11,426 soybean genes (i.e. several probe sets match with the same gene). The second and third categories of probe sets target ...
Nodules are a growth on the roots of leguminous plants where the bacteria reside. The plant roots secrete amino acids and sugars into the rhizosphere. The rhizobia move toward the roots and attach to the root hairs. The plant then releases flavanoids, which induce the expression of nod genes within the bacteria. The expression of these genes results in the production of enzymes called Nod factors that initiate root hair curling. During this process, the rhizobia are curled up with the root hair. The rhizobia penetrate the root hair cells with an infection thread that grows through the root hair into the main root. This causes the infected cells to divide and form a nodule. The rhizobia can now begin nitrogen fixation.. ...
В настоящее время ризобии, обладающие нодулирующей способностью отнесены к ?- и ?- бактериям и представлены 13 родами, которые в свою очередь делятся более чем на 98 видов. Как правило, большинство изучаемых нашей группой симбиотических ризобий принадлежит родам Rhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Ensifer, Bradyrhizobium. Однако существуют и другие рода, к которым относятся ризобии. Таксономия ризобий, которые способны образовывать клубеньки, представлена на сайте ICSP Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Rhizobium and Agrobacterium (http://edzna.ccg.unam.mx/rhizobial-taxonomy/node/4). Также, все утвержденные и общепринятые виды рода ...
html> ,head> ,style> table { background-color: #c4dbea; font-color: #cccccc; color:white; } a.menu { background-color: #c4dbea; color: white; width: 12em; } .firstHeading { color:white; } #bodyContent { background-color: #c4dbea; } #content { background-color: #c4dbea; } #footer-box { background-color: #c4dbea; } p { color:#333333; } body { background-color:#c4dbea; } .firstHeading { display:none; } ,/style> ,/head> ,div style="position: absolute; left: 60px; top: 320px; height: 400px; width: 100px; padding: 1em;"> ,img src="http://igem.org/wiki/images/c/cc/Bactricity.jpg"> ,/div> ,div style="position: absolute; left: 100px; top: 880px; height: 400px; width: 100px; padding: 1em;"> ,img src="http://2008.igem.org/wiki/images/0/06/Thanks_border.jpg"> ,/div> ,div style="position: absolute; left: 85px; top: 950px; height: 400px; width: 400px; padding: 1em;"> ,center> ,font style="line-height:170%"> Alain Viel,,br> Orianna Bretschger, ,br>Daad Saffarini, ,br>Helen White, ,br>Remy Chait, ,br>Natalie ...
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Aste honetan zehar, praktikazko klaseetan, Storybird webgunearen bidez ipuinak era digitalean sortzera ikasi dugu (bloggean nik sortutako ipuinaren link-a jarri dut). Nire ustez, baliabide erabilgari da, umeen sormena lantzea, komunikazio gaitasuna garatzea eta IKT-en trebatzea lortzen dugulako. Hala ere, badazuka zenbait oztopo, hala nola, berezko hizkuntza ingelesa dela eta aldatzeko aukera ez duela eskaintzen ...
Introduction. Background. Bartonella fall within the alpha-2 subgroup of the class Proteobacteria (Jacomo, Kelly & Raoult 2002). Recent studies have indicated that Bartonella species (spp.) have some degree of relatedness to other alpha-2 Proteobacteria including Brucella species, Afipia species, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bradyrhizobium species, and Bosea species (Duncan, Maggi & Breitschwerdt 2007; Greub & Raoult 2002; Houpikian & Raoult 2001; Jacomo et al. 2002; Pretorius, Beati & Birtles 2004; Rolain et al. 2004). Current knowledge suggests that there are more than 20 species and subspecies included within this genus (Márquez et al. 2008). Approximately 13 species have been associated with human diseases (Pérez-Martínez et al. 2009; Maggi et al. 2009; Pons et al. 2008) affecting both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. At least six species affecting humans have been isolated from domestic cats and dogs (Chomel et al. 2006).. Bartonellae are pleomorphic, fastidious, ...
Play media In molecular biology, the iron response element or iron-responsive element (IRE) is a short conserved stem-loop which is bound by iron response proteins (IRPs, also named IRE-BP or IRBP). The IRE is found in UTRs (untranslated regions) of various mRNAs whose products are involved in iron metabolism. For example, the mRNA of ferritin (an iron storage protein) contains one IRE in its 5 UTR. When iron concentration is low, IRPs bind the IRE in the ferritin mRNA and cause reduced translation rates. In contrast, binding to multiple IREs in the 3 UTR of the transferrin receptor (involved in iron acquisition) leads to increased mRNA stability. The two leading theories describe how iron probably interacts to impact posttranslational control of transcription. The classical theory suggests that IRPs, in the absence of iron, bind avidly to the mRNA IRE. When Iron is present, it interacts with the protein to cause it to release the mRNA. For example, In high iron conditions in humans, IRP1 ...
Stephanie Stockwell maintains a research program involving the molecular characterization of the B. japonicum/soybean symbiosis. As an extension of work done in the laboratory of Mary Lou Guerinot, Ph. D. (Dartmouth College), this program is focused on the genetic and molecular characterization of the symbiotic interaction between Gram negative soil bacterium, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, and it leguminous host plant, soybean. During the symbiosis, the bacteria fix atmospheric nitrogen for use by the plant, thereby decreasing the need for supplemental nitrogen fertilizers in large-scale agriculture. Work in the Stockwell lab includes creating mutant B. japonicum strains lacking iron uptake and signal transduction genes, critical for the adaptation to and survival within the host environment. These mutant strains serve as tools for identifying in planta specific signaling networks required for a functional symbiosis. The role of the dual-function ferrichrome uptake receptor, FegA, is of particular ...
Background: Biological nitrogen fixation in root nodules is a process of great importance to crops of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], as it may provide the bulk of the plants needs for nitrogen. Legume nodulation involves several complex steps and, although studied for many decades, much remains to be understood. Results: This research aimed at analyzing the global expression of genes in soybean roots of a Brazilian cultivar (Conquista) inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum CPAC 15, a strain broadly used in commercial inoculants in Brazil. To achieve this, we used the suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) technique combined with Illumina sequencing. The subtractive library (non-inoculated x inoculated) of soybean roots resulted in 3,210 differentially expressed transcripts at 10 days after inoculation were studied. The data were grouped according to the ontologies of the molecular functions and biological processes. Several classes of genes were confirmed as related to N-2 fixation ...
The procedure for the preparation of this complex involves the following steps. 10 mM of stock solution of luteolin is prepared in acetone. One ml of this stock is added to 1 ml of aqueous solution of neutral cyclic-b (1,2)-glucan. The mixture is kept under shaking for 24 h at 30 °C, then partially evaporated, lyophilized, and mixed with 1 ml of distilled water. 4 lm membrane filter. The product could be analyzed and quantified with a HPLC. Changes in the NMR peak shape and chemical shift is observed after complexation. 4), is another glucan produced by Bradyrhizobium sp. (Miller et al. 1990). It is smaller than the cyclic b-(1,2)-glucans produced by Agrobacterium and Rhizobium species. There are very brief mention of other cyclic glucans in the literature including b-(1,3)-(1,4)-D-glucans which are the predominant components of cereal grain cell walls including barley and oats (Laroche and Michaud 2007). 1 (Zevenhuizen 1984; Kawaharada et al. 2008; Amemura 1984; Zevenhuizen et al. 1990; ...
Seed inoculation is the perform of successfully introducing a excessive variety of nitrogen-fixing micro organism (Rhizobium or Bradyrhizobium) at the floor of legume seeds sooner than planting. The micro organism penetrates the basis, leading to the formation of root nodules that repair nitrogen from the air, and make it available to the plant. This ebook describes the necessity, the improvement and using rhizobia, and the way this procedure could be reproduced effectively worldwide, specially in underdeveloped agricultural countries.. ...
The limits of water treatment to control microbial regrowth were examined using highly purified waters. Measurable microbial genetic material was detected in the product water in a survey of thirteen laboratory pure water systems. Illumina 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing revealed surprisingly diverse microbial assemblages, confirmed to be active in bioassays, with no direct relationship to quality or maintenance of the systems. With storage under both light and dark conditions, a 2-log increase in bacterial genetic markers was observed within 10 days, indicating viable oligotrophic communities despite rigorous treatment steps. With growth, microbial communities shifted concurrent with enrichment of Proteobacteria groups capable of nitrogen fixation (Bradyrhizobium) and H2 oxidation (Comamonadaceae). This study has implications not only for laboratory studies, which rely on highly purified waters, but also for municipal drinking water, which depends on treatment to reduce nutirents sufficiently ...
This reaction has also been observed in Pseudomonas A2697 , Sporotrichum B124 , Trichosporon B368, D232 , Arthrobacter H270 , Aspergillus H236 , Bradyrhizobium
LewatPuisi Faktor lain yang berpotensi menurunkan gairah seks adalah stres dan adanya kelainan seksual, keadaan tersebut sangat berpengaruh karena berhubungan dengan kondisi psikologis di dalam otak. Ada banyak cara untuk meningkatkan gairah seks, diantaranya adalah melakukan pemulihan-pemulihan gairah seksual, mengkonsumsi zat-zat peningkat gairah seks, dan mengikuti terapi khusus. mengkonsumsi obat herbal pasutri yang alami juga…
A soybean cultivar designated 1486018 is disclosed. The invention relates to the seeds of soybean cultivar 1486018, to the plants of soybean 1486018, to plant parts of soybean cultivar 1486018 and to methods for producing a soybean plant produced by crossing soybean cultivar 1486018 with itself or with another soybean variety. The invention also relates to methods for producing a soybean plant containing in its genetic material one or more transgenes and to the transgenic soybean plants and plant parts produced by those methods. This invention also relates to soybean cultivars or breeding cultivars and plant parts derived from soybean variety 1486018, to methods for producing other soybean cultivars, lines or plant parts derived from soybean cultivar 1486018 and to the soybean plants, varieties, and their parts derived from use of those methods. The invention further relates to hybrid soybean seeds, plants and plant parts produced by crossing the
A soybean cultivar designated S090130 is disclosed. The invention relates to the seeds of soybean cultivar S090130, to the plants of soybean S090130, to plant parts of soybean cultivar S090130, and to methods for producing a soybean plant produced by crossing soybean cultivar S090130 with itself or with another soybean variety. The invention also relates to methods for producing a soybean plant containing in its genetic material one or more transgenes and to the transgenic soybean plants and plant parts produced by those methods. This invention also relates to soybean cultivars, or breeding cultivars, and plant parts derived from soybean variety S090130, to methods for producing other soybean cultivars, lines or plant parts derived from soybean cultivar S090130, and to the soybean plants, varieties, and their parts derived from use of those methods. The invention further relates to hybrid soybean seeds, plants, and plant parts produced by crossing the
In a soybean transcriptome expression study focused on B. japonicum-induced nodulation, Brechenmacher et al. (2008) reported that the mRNA abundance of approximately 5,000 genes changed significantly within 16 dpi in young roots. Some of the differentially expressed genes identified from that study were subsequently shown to play critical roles in soybean nodulation, such as FW2.2-like1 (Libault et al., 2010b), GS52 ecto-apyrase (Govindarajulu et al., 2009; Tanaka et al., 2011), and CND (for control of nodule development), encoding a Myb transcription factor (Libault et al., 2009). Additionally, in a recent study, Nguyen et al. (2012) conducted experiments on quantitative phosphoproteomics where 273 phosphopeptides corresponding to 240 phosphoproteins were found to be significantly regulated in soybean root hairs in response to B. japonicum inoculation, reflecting a critical role of phosphorylation events during the initiation of the B. japonicum infection process. Here, we report another ...
Rhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, and Azorhizobium species are able to elicit the formation of unique structures, called nodules, on the roots or stems of the leguminous host. In these nodules, the rhizobia convert atmospheric N2 into ammonia for the plant. To establish this symbiosis, signals are produced early in the interaction between plant and rhizobia and they elicit discrete responses by the two symbiotic partners. First, transcription of the bacterial nodulation (nod) genes is under control of the NodD regulatory protein, which is activated by specific plant signals, flavonoids, present in the root exudates. In return, the nod-encoded enzymes are involved in the synthesis and excretion of specific lipooligosaccharides, which are able to trigger on the host plant the organogenic program leading to the formation of nodules. An overview of the organization, regulation, and function of the nod genes and their participation in the determination of the host specificity is presented.. ...
Krause, A., H. Julich, M. Mankar. and B.Reinhold-Hurek, (2017) The Regulatory Network Controlling Ethanol-Induced Expression of Alcohol Dehydrogenase in the Endophyte Azoarcus sp. Strain BH72. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 30: DOI:doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-01-17-0013-R. Sarkar, A., M. Marszalkowska, M. Schäfer, T. Pees, H. Klingenberg, F. Macht & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2016) Global expression analysis of the response to microaerobiosis reveals an important cue for endophytic establishment of Azoarcus sp. BH72. Environ Microbiol 19: 198-217.. Grönemeyer, J.L., T. Hurek & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2015) Bradyrhizobium kavangense sp. nov., a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium from root nodules of traditional Namibian pulses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65: 4886-4894.. Reinhold-Hurek, B., W. Bünger, C.S. Burbano, M. Sabale & T. Hurek, (2015) Roots shaping their microbiome: Global hot spots for microbial activity. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 53: 403-424.. Burbano, C.S., J.L. Grönemeyer, T. Hurek & B. ...
Geranium canariense [Syn.: Geranium reuteri] - Native, from Monte de Las Mercedes, Anaga Mountains, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain (flower, plan-view ...
El Archivo Digital UPM alberga en formato digital la documentacion academica y cientifica (tesis, pfc, articulos, etc..) generada en la Universidad Politecnica de Madrid.Los documentos del Archivo Digital UPM son recuperables desde buscadores: Google, Google Academics, Yahoo, Scirus, etc y desde recolectores OAI: E-ciencia, DRRD, Recolecta (REBIUN-FECYT), Driver, Oaister, etc.
1} Discovery of the fact that certain strains of each species of these bacteria can be mixed without harmful effect to the properties of either is a discovery of their qualities of noninhibition. It is no more than the discovery of some of the handiwork of nature, and hence is not patentable. The aggregation of select strains of the several species into one product is an application of that newly discovered natural principle. But however ingenious the discovery of that natural principle may have been, the application of it is hardly more than an advance in the packaging of the inoculants. Each of the species of root nodule bacteria contained in the package infects the same group of leguminous plants which it always infected. No species acquires a different use. The combination of species produces no new bacteria, no change in the six species of bacteria, and no enlargement of the range of their utility. Each species has the same effect it always had. The bacteria perform in their natural way. ...
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عارضه اختلال در غلاف‌‌بندی سویا نوعی از رشد است که در آن گیاهان سویا همراه با ناهنجاری-های رویشی از جمله ریزش شدید گل‌ها و غلاف‌ها، تغییر ریخت‌شناسی برگ‏ها و غلاف‏ها می‏-باشند. در حالات حاد، گیاهان سبز باقی می-مانند و منجر به کاهش شدید عملکرد و تاخیر در برداشت محصول می‌گردند. به-منظور بررسی علل تظاهر عارضه اختلال در غلاف‌بندی سویا در رقم کتول در منطقه گرگان، آزمایشی به-صورت بررسی‌های پیمایشی مزرعه-ای انجام شد. در بررسی-های پیمایشی مزرعه-ای، 40 مزرعه از رقم کتول به-طور تصادفی انتخاب و کلیه صفات مرتبط با عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد، عوامل مدیریتی و اقلیمی در دو
PMID:18402695 "Novel and nodulation-regulated microRNAs in soybean roots" Subramanian S, Fu Y, Sunkar R, Barbazuk WB, Zhu JK, Yu O BMC Genomics. 9:160(2008). ...
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Isoflavonoid signal molecules from soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) seed and root exudate induce the transcription of nodulation (nod) genes in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. In this study, a new compound with symbiotic activity was isolated from soybean root exudate. The isolated 2,4,4-trihydroxychalcone (isoliquiritigenin) is characterized by its strong inducing activity for the nod genes of B. japonicum. These genes are already induced at concentrations 1 order of magnitude below those required of the previously described isoflavonoid inducers genistein and daidzein. Isoliquiritigenin is also a potent inducer of glyceollin resistance in B. japonicum, which renders this bacterium insensitive to potentially bactericidal concentrations of glyceollin, the phytoalexin of G. max. No chemotactic effect of isoliquiritigenin was observed. The highly efficient induction of nod genes and glyceollin resistance by isoliquiritigenin suggests the ecological significance of this compound, although it is not a ...
The limits of water treatment to control microbial regrowth were examined using highly purified waters. Measurable microbial genetic material was detected in the product water in a survey of thirteen laboratory pure water systems. Illumina 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing revealed surprisingly diverse microbial assemblages, confirmed to be active in bioassays, with no direct relationship to quality or maintenance of the systems. With storage under both light and dark conditions, a 2-log increase in bacterial genetic markers was observed within 10 days, indicating viable oligotrophic communities despite rigorous treatment steps. With growth, microbial communities shifted concurrent with enrichment of Proteobacteria groups capable of nitrogen fixation (Bradyrhizobium) and H2 oxidation (Comamonadaceae). This study has implications not only for laboratory studies, which rely on highly purified waters, but also for municipal drinking water, which depends on treatment to reduce nutrients sufficiently ...
Read "Effect of copper excess in environment on soybean root viability and morphology, Russian Journal of Plant Physiology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
["<p id=\"p-0001\" num=\"0000\">A soybean cultivar designated 5626085 is disclosed. The invention relates to the seeds of soybean cultivar 5626085, to the plant
["<p id=\"p-0001\" num=\"0000\">A soybean cultivar designated 43096025 is disclosed. The invention relates to the seeds of soybean cultivar 43096025, to the pla
? Caecum japonicum Habe , 1978, moliuskų (Mollusca) tipo pilvakojų (Gastropoda) klasės (Littorinimorpha) būrio (Caecidae) šeimos (Caecum) genties rūšis. Turinys[rodyti] Išvaizda [ k ] Biologija Mityba Paplitimas Aptinkama šalyse: Japonijoje. [ r ] Literatūra Bouchet, P. (2010). Caecum japonicum...
? Caecum japonicum Habe , 1978, moliuskų (Mollusca) tipo pilvakojų (Gastropoda) klasės (Littorinimorpha) būrio (Caecidae) šeimos (Caecum) genties rūšis. Turinys[rodyti] Išvaizda [ k ] Biologija Mityba Paplitimas Aptinkama šalyse: Japonijoje. [ r ] Literatūra Bouchet, P. (2010). Caecum japonicum...
ID D4YYG3_SPHJU Unreviewed; 264 AA. AC D4YYG3; DT 15-JUN-2010, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 15-JUN-2010, sequence version 1. DT 08-MAY-2019, entry version 50. DE SubName: Full=Transposase of IS6100 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI95395.1}; GN Name=tnp {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI95395.1}; GN OrderedLocusNames=SJA_C1-05610 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI95395.1}, GN SJA_C1-18510 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI96685.1}, SJA_C1-18750 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI96709.1}, SJA_C1-34260 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI98260.1}, SJA_C1-34350 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI98269.1}, SJA_P1-00130 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI98965.1}, SJA_P1-00230 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI98975.1}, SJA_P1-00370 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI98989.1}, SJA_P1-01530 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI99105.1}, SJA_P2-00130 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI99189.1}, SJA_P2-00260 GN {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI99202.1}; OS Sphingobium japonicum (strain DSM 16413 / CCM 7287 / MTCC 6362 / UT26 OS / NBRC 101211 / UT26S). OG Plasmid pCHQ1 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAI98965.1, OG ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000007753}, and OG ...
References for Abcams Recombinant |em|S. japonicum|/em| GST protein (ab89494). Please let us know if you have used this product in your publication
(1999) Santos et al. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. Brazilian soils are originally free from soybean bradyrhizobia and the first inoculants were brought to the country in this century, but a search for adapted strains started immediately and still continues. A strain selection program was established...
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Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Discover Life -- USDA_P53936
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Discover Life -- USDA_P172641
HOLD AFSTAND. Beskyt dig selv og andre. Hold to meters afstand.. Følg sundhedsmyndighedernes anvisning om at holde en afstand på to meter til hinanden for at undgå smittespredning af COVID-19 ...
USDA Certified Organic Hair and Body Product created by Horst Rechelbacher. Made with USDA Certified Organic Ingredients, safe, natural, and easy for the body to assimilate
Histidine-to-aspartate (His-Asp) phosphorelay (or two-component) systems are very common signal transduction mechanisms that are implicated in a wide variety of cellular responses to environmental stimuli. The His-Asp phosphorelay components include "sensor histidine kinase (HK)", "phosphotransfer intermediate (HPt)", and "response regulator (RR)". With special reference to three bacterial species (Mesorhizobium loti, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Sinorhizobium meliloti), each of which belongs to a different genera of Rhizobia, here we attempted to compile all of the His-Asp phosphorelay components in order to reveal a comparative genome-wide overview as to the His-Asp phosphorelay. It was revealed that M. loti has 47 HKs, 1 HPts, and 58 RRs; B. japonicum has 80 HKs, 3 HPts, and 91 RRs; whereas S. meliloti has 40 HKs, 1 HPt, and 58 RRs. These His-Asp phosphorelay components were extensively compiled and characterized. The resulting overview as to the His-Asp phosphorelay of Rhizobia will provide us ...
The kinetic mechanism of the unidirectional H2-oxidizing hydrogenase from soybean nodule bacteroids has been investigated with highly purified enzyme. Measurements of the K, for H2 vary from 0.97 to 2.6 pM, and the K,,, for methylene blue varies from 6 to 17 pM. With H2 and methylene blue as substrates, the initial velocity patterns are intersecting. High levels of methylene blue are inhibitory (KI = 2.4 mM): the inhibition is competitive vs. H2. CO is a competitive inhibitor of H2 (KI= 157 pM) and noncompetitive vs. methylene blue. O2 inactivates the enzyme (tl12 - 1 h) but also is a reversible inhibitor of hydrogenase activity upon short exposure to low concentrations. Inhibition by O2 is uncom-petitive vs. H2 and noncompetitive vs. methylene blue. Hydrogenase was not inhibited by C2H2; preincubation under C2H2 inactivates the enzyme. Reduced methyl and benzyl viologens support low rates of H2 evolution by the hydrogenase. The K, for reduced methyl viologen is 11 pM. H2 is a potent inhibitor ...
The continuous cropping often causes soybean yield decline, even when no disease and pest damages are observed. To investigate whether nodule-associated bacteria are involved in this yield decline, we analyzed a metagenome of the bacteria associated with nodules of soybean cultivated in the continuous cropping field. Soybean nodules were sampled from three or six years continuous cropping fields at Sakata city in Yamagata prefecture. These fields were converted from paddy fields. The fields received a basal fertilizer (6 kg N/10a) on May 28, 2013. Soybean (cultivar Enrei) was sowed on June 7. Nodule numbers and the relative ureide content of xylem sap were measured on August 21 (R3; beginning pod) and September 12 (R6; full seed). The nodules on R3 stage were used for the metagenomic analysis. The metagenomic DNA of bacteria associated with these nodules were extracted without the cultivation by bacterial enrichment method (Ikeda et al. 2009, Microb. Ecol. 58: 703-714). The metagenomic DNAs ...
Koprowski P., Grajkowski W., Kubalski A. (2007) The MscS cytoplasmic domain and its conformational changes on the channel gating. Curr. Topics in Membranes, vol. 58. Mechanosensitive ion channels. Part A. Owen P. Hamill, ed., 295-309.. Pomorski P., Krzemiński. P., Wasik A., Wierzbicka K., Barańska J., Kłopocka W. (2007) Actin dynamics in Amoeba proteus motility. Protoplasma 231: 31-41. Fabczak H., Fabczak S. (2006) Photosensory transduction in unicellular eukaryotes. A comparison between ciliate protists and photoreceptor cells of higher organisms (Invited review). J.Photochem. Photobiol. 83: 163-171 Sobierajska K., Fabczak H., Fabczak S. (2005) Alterations of ciliate phosducin phosphorylation in Blepharisma japonicum cells. J. Phorochem. Photobiol. B. 79: 135-143. Grajkowski W., Kubalski A., Koprowski P. (2005) Surface changes of the mechanosensitive channel MscS upon its activation, inactivation and closing. Biophys. J. 88: 3050-3059 ...
Iron and Bacterial Infections. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial strains is an emerging threat to public health. Overcoming the challenges created by MDR organisms requires the identification of critical new targets and the development of small molecule inhibitors. In this context, bacterial iron metabolism offers a major vulnerability because although the concentration of free iron in the host is vanishingly small (~10-18 M), invading pathogens must obtain essential iron from the host to support their growth.. The central role of iron in infections suggests that disruption of bacterial iron acquisition paths or bacterial iron homeostasis may cause invading pathogens to lose their infectivity or be killed. Although genes that participate in these processes have designated functions, much less is known about the structure, dynamics and inter-protein associations of the proteins they code. Thus our vision is to gain atomic level understanding of key proteins and their ...
Acer japonicum Acconitifolium ist ein kleiner, kurzstämmiger Baum oder breitkroniger Strauch, der selten über 5 bis 7 m Höhe erreicht. Die Triebe sind anfangs rötlich, färben sich später grau. Die Blätter sind noch feiner geschlitzt als bei der Sorte A
Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. has announced the launch of its TGX FastCast acrylamide andTGX Stain-Free FastCast acrylamide kits, which provide handcast gel users access to Bio-Rads TGX gel chemistry, previously available only in precast gels.
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Shreveport Endoscopy Center AMC is located at 3217 Mabel St, Shreveport, LA. This location is in the Queensborough neighborhood. This business specializes in Doctors & Clinics ...
This Histri was built automatically but not manually verified. As a consequence, the Histri can be incomplete or can contain errors ...
Slidin into the DMs! BJ Novak is in a relationship with a 21-year-old Instagram model he met online, and, according to Page Six, its a bit of an odd pairing.
On average, a soybean crop needs 315 lb N per acre, about 60% of which (190 lb) goes to seed production and 40% (125 lb) goes to stover and roots. In most cases all of this need can be supplied from the environment and additional nitrogen isnt necessary. (In sandy or low organic soils or for yields over 70 bu/ac additional nitrogen may be recommended.) Soybeans fix nitrogen from the atmosphere when nitrogen-fixing rhizobia bacteria are present in the soil. Nitrogen fixation is a result of the symbiotic relationship between rhizobia and the soybean plant and is evident in nodules on soybean plant roots. Most studies show that between 50% and 60% of the nitrogen is from N fixation. A well nodulated plant should have five to seven nodules on the primary root. Checking for nodulation now can help you assess your field and make adjustments for the next crop; however, checking as early as two weeks after emergence allows you time to apply nitrogen during the season if plants are not developing ...
Two strategies were utilized to investigate the presence and diversity of psychrophilic and psychrotolerant bacteria in the Iceman (5350-5100 years BP). The first was based on conventional microbiological techniques, i.e. growth of bacterial cells on solid and liquid media. The second was based on the isolation of DNA from small mummy specimens and putative identification of bacteria via DNA sequencing. In addiction, the DNA extracted directly from the Icemans tissues was treatedby uracil-N-glycosylase (UNG) to detect repair activity. Microbial cultivation made it possible to identify several bacterial genera such as Ralstonia, Arthrobacter, Methylobacterium, Bradyrhizobium, Bacillus and Pseudomonas. On the other hand, DNA analysis showed that the mummy tissues contained the DNA of Clostridium at an elevated concentration. Thus, there is a sharp distinction between metabolically-active (cultivable) and non-active bacteria. The current research may assist in establishing optimal conservation ...
Ferroptosis is a unique form of programmed death, characterised by cytosolic accumulation of iron, lipid hydroperoxides and their metabolites, and effected by the fatal peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the plasma membrane. It is a major driver of cell death in neurodegenerative neurological diseases. Moreover, cascades underpinning ferroptosis could be active drivers of neuropathology in major psychiatric disorders. Oxidative and nitrosative stress can adversely affect mechanisms and proteins governing cellular iron homeostasis, such as the iron regulatory protein/iron response element system, and can ultimately be a source of abnormally high levels of iron and a source of lethal levels of lipid membrane peroxidation ...
Photocoupler of high isolation type that consists of phototransistor optically coupled to gallium arsenide infrared emitting diode in a 4-pin SO6L package. Datasheet Toshiba TLP385(D4-BLL,E)
Great, yet stressful, game from our beloved Maize and Blue. Thank you Hoke and team for a truely exciting and happy season. Many more to come. See you soon, Jan. 4, in NOLA. Will be my first game to see the boys play. Pensacola, FL to NOLA gonna be a party!!. ...
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Farmers can anticipate a sharp drop in income this year, according to a new report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture . In fact, the USDA predicts
HOLD AFSTAND. Beskyt dig selv og andre. Hold to meters afstand.. Følg sundhedsmyndighedernes anvisning om at holde en afstand på to meter til hinanden for at undgå smittespredning af COVID-19 ...
Soybean is one of the most cultivated legume plants in developing countries. Nodule senescence is a major limitation in producing high yields of soybean as it coincides with the pod filling stage. Delaying nodule senescence could be a way of increasing the yield of soybean therefore determination of the role of cysteine protease in soybean is of vital importance. In this study, soybean plants were grown under controlled temperature and light conditions. Leaves and root crown nodules were collected at 4, 6, 10, 12 and 16 weeks of age. In a comparative 1-dimensional SDS-PAGE analysis of soybean nodule proteomes as the plant matured, it showed differences in proteins expressed as shown by different banding patterns with less variation between the younger soybean nodule extracts (4, 6 and 10 weeks old) as compared to the older ones (12 and 16 weeks old). As determined by azocasein assay and protease zymography, the protease activity of the nodule extracts generally decreased with an increase in the ...
Ligustrum japonicum - Japanese Privet tree 10/12cm girth is available to buy online, or for sale at our tree nursery in Essex near London - Ligustrum japonicum - Japanese Privet tree. Plant Information: Size: 10/12cms girth standard.
Read "The morphology and development in laboratory culture of the diatoms Skeletonema grethae Zingone et Sarno, 2005 and S. japonicum Zingone et Sarno, 2005, which are new to the seas of Russia, Russian Journal of Marine Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Provides care to patients from around the globe; SCOI is a leading educator of medical professionals on orthopedic disorders and surgery technique. Offers informational resources on anatomy and orthopedic procedures for the education of the general public. ...
Pengaruh Fermentasi terhadap Kandungan Protein dan Asam Amino pada Tepung Gaplek yang Difortifikasi Tepung Kedelai (Glycine max (L))
New Orleans police tonight said they had identified a 19-year-old man as a suspect in the weekend shooting that wounded 19 people, including two children, during one of the citys iconic second-line parades.
Pearls on a Branch: Tales from the Arab World Told by Women is a collection of thirty stories curated by Najla Khoury, who spent years compiling, polishing, and editing these... Read More ...
Ok heres my question I am a fireman and an LCO on my days off Lic.and insured Thank YA and have been thinking of just doing lawn care but what is...
Available: http://www.calflora.org/ (Accessed: Dec 12, 2017). The information on this page comes from diverse sources. None of the links are sponsored. ...
Genus Bradyrhizobium, family Bradyrhizobiaceae. In: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd Edition, 2nd Volume. George ... Examples are the genera Bradyrhizobium and Rhizobium. Species of the Methylocystaceae are methanotrophs; they use methanol ( ... and Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Natural genetic transformation is a sexual process involving DNA transfer from one bacterial cell ...
doi:10.1016/S0304-4165(03)00077-1. Hopper, Waheeta; Mahadevan, A. (1997). "Degradation of catechin by Bradyrhizobium japonicum ... It is also degraded by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Phloroglucinol carboxylic acid is further decarboxylated to phloroglucinol, ...
... is a metabolite of the catechin degradation by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. The enzyme 3-carboxy- ... Waheeta Hopper and A. Mahadevan (1997). "Degradation of catechin by Bradyrhizobium japonicum". Biodegradation. 8 (3): 159-165. ...
trifolii works with clover; Sinorhizobium meliloti works with alfalfa; and Bradyrhizobium japonicum works with soybeans. 409 U. ...
CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Mahadevan, A.; Waheeta, Hopper (1997). "Degradation of catechin by Bradyrhizobium ... a natural phenol found in plants such as Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Hydroxyquinol is also a metabolite in some organisms. For ...
However, this may be an erroneous report confounded by contamination, and others have not detected Bradyrhizobium in cord ... In 2013, a sequencing study identified a newly discovered bacterium, called Bradyrhizobium enterica, in biopsy samples from two ... Gorkiewicz, G; Trajanoski, S; Högenauer, C (Nov 7, 2013). "Bradyrhizobium enterica in Cord Colitis Syndrome". The New England ... Subsequent studies showing that Bradyrhizobium species are common contaminants of laboratory kit reagents have thrown this ...
The nodulating symbionts are Bradyrhizobium and Mesorhizobium bacteria. Scientific research for crop improvement and ...
Qu, Y.; Spain, J.C. (2010). "Biodegradation of 5-nitroanthranilic acid by Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329". Appl. Environ. ... "Molecular and biochemical characterization of the 5-nitroanthranilic acid degradation pathway in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ... The enzyme from soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. JS329 participates in 5-nitroanthranilate degradation. ...
Qu, Y.; Spain, J.C. (2010). "Biodegradation of 5-nitroanthranilic acid by Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329". Appl. Environ. ... NH3 The enzyme is present in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329. ...
Lupins is nodulated by the soil microorganism Bradyrhizobium sp. (Lupinus). Bradyrhizobia are encountered as microsymbionts in ...
The genus Lupinus is nodulated by Bradyrhizobium soil bacteria. Lupins are popular ornamental plants in gardens. Numerous ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum‐Symbiosis Occurs at the Genotype‐Specific Level. Botanica Acta 103, no. 2 (May 1, 1990): 143-48. doi: ...
They contain Bradyrhizobium species, nitrogen-fixing bacteria that can perform photosynthesis. The symbiotic bacterium ... 2011). Nodulation of Aeschynomene afraspera and A. indica by photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium sp. Strain ORS285: The Nod-dependent ...
Ferber DM, Maier RJ (1993). "Hydrogen-ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity by the Bradyrhizobium japonicum membrane-bound ...
Epidemic spread of symbiotic and non-symbiotic Bradyrhizobium genotypes across California. Microbial Ecology 71: 700-710. ... Metapopulation dominance and genomic island acquisition of Bradyrhizobium with superior catabolic capabilities. Proceedings of ...
2002). "Complete genomic sequence of nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110". DNA Res. 9 (6): 189 ...
Divergent Bradyrhizobium symbionts on Tachigali versicolor from Barro Colorado Island, Panama Parker MA Source: SYSTEMATIC AND ... The bacteria found in the trees nodules are from the Bradyrhizobium genus. Indigenous people in the Amazon basin use an extract ...
The bacterium, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, colonizes the roots and establishes a nitrogen fixing symbiosis. This high ...
ROSE1 and ROSEAT2 are found in rhizobiales Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Agrobacterium tumefaciens respectively. They exist in ...
"Isolation of Novel Afipia septicemium and Identification of Previously Unknown Bacteria Bradyrhizobium sp. OHSU_III from Blood ...
Genus Bradyrhizobium. *Genus Nitrobacter. *Genus Oligotropha. *Genus Photorhizobium. *Genus Rhodoblastus. *Genus ...
... maleylpyruvate This enzyme is isolated from the soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. JS329. Qu, Y.; Spain, J.C. (2011). "Molecular ... and biochemical characterization of the 5-nitroanthranilic acid degradation pathway in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329". J. ...
Specifically, these bacteria can be from generas Allorhizobium, Azorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium, or ...
"Molecular and biochemical characterization of the 5-nitroanthranilic acid degradation pathway in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ...
The Inoculation of the seeds before sowing with Bradyrhizobium is advised for primary cultivated areas. There are some diseases ...
Bradyrhizobium elkanii, Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens, and Bradyrhizobium liaoningense establish symbiosis with soybeans. ... Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense nodulates Lespedeza. Bradyrhizobium canariense nodulates genistoid legumes endemic to the Canary ... "Reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. Nov". ... Bradyrhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria, many of which fix nitrogen. Nitrogen fixation is an important part of ...
Bradyrhizobium ingae is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the nodules of the tree Inga ... Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www.bacterio.net. "Bradyrhizobium ingae". www.uniprot.org. da Silva, K.; De Meyer, S. E.; Rouws, ... "Bradyrhizobium ingae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Inga laurina grown in Cerrado soil". International Journal of ...
... along with Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. genistearum, Bradyrhizobium genospecies alpha and Bradyrhizobium genospecies beta". ... Bradyrhizobium canariense at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Bradyrhizobium canariense at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Bradyrhizobium canariense is a species of legume-root nodulating, endosymbiont nitrogen-fixing bacterium. It is acid-tolerant ... The type strain is BTA-1T (=ATCC BAA-1002T =LMG 22265T =CFNE 1008T). Vinuesa, P. (2005). "Bradyrhizobium canariense sp. nov., ...
Bradyrhizobium manausense is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the nodules from the ... Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www.bacterio.net. "Bradyrhizobium manausense". www.uniprot.org. Silva, F. V.; De Meyer, S. E.; ... "Bradyrhizobium manausense sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Vigna unguiculata grown in Brazilian Amazonian ...
Bradyrhizobium viridifuturi is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium. Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www. ... "Bradyrhizobium viridifuturi". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity, George M. "Nomenclature Abstract for ... "Bradyrhizobium viridifuturi sp. nov., encompassing nitrogen-fixing symbionts of legumes used for green manure and environmental ... Bradyrhizobium viridifuturi Ferraz Helene et al. 2015.". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/nm.28123. Augusto Ribeiro, ...
Bradyrhizobium elkanii . L. D. Kuykendall, B. Saxena, T. E. Devine & S. E. Udell (1992). "Genetic diversity in Bradyrhizobium ... Bradyrhizobium elkanii is a species of legume-root nodulating, microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium originally identified ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Type strain of Bradyrhizobium elkanii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... and DNA homology groups of Bradyrhizobium japonicum". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 38: ...
Bradyrhizobium on www.bacterio.cict.fr Type strain of Bradyrhizobium japonicum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... "to Bradyrhizobium gen. nov., a genus of slow-growing, root nodule bacteria from leguminous plants". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 32 ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum is a species of legume-root nodulating, microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria. The species is one of ... 1998). "Bradyrhizobium japonicum, FixK2, a Crucial Distributor in the FixLJ-Dependent Regulatory Cascade for Control of Genes ...
Bradyrhizobium kavangense is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the ... Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www.bacterio.net. "Bradyrhizobium kavangense". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity, ... "Bradyrhizobium kavangense sp. nov., a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium from root nodules of traditional Namibian pulses". ... George M. "Nomenclature Abstract for Bradyrhizobium kavangense Grönemeyer et al. 2015". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601 ...
Bradyrhizobium paxllaeri is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium. LSPN bacterio.net Straininfo of Bradyrhizobium ... "Bradyrhizobium paxllaeri sp. nov. And Bradyrhizobium icense sp. nov., nitrogen-fixing rhizobial symbionts of Lima bean ( ... Type strain of Bradyrhizobium paxllaeri at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... "Taxonomic Abstract for the species Bradyrhizobium paxllaeri". The NamesforLife Abstracts. 2008. doi:10.1601/tx.25526. ...
LPSN Bradyrhizobium betae at the Encyclopedia of Life Type strain of Bradyrhizobium betae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity ... Bradyrhizobium betae is a species of legume-root nodulating, microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium first isolated from the ... The type strain is PL7HG1T (=LMG 21987T =CECT 5829T). Rivas, R. (2004). "Bradyrhizobium betae sp. nov., isolated from roots of ... "Phylogeny and taxonomy of a diverse collection of Bradyrhizobium strains based on multilocus sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA ...
Bradyrhizobium tropiciagri is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium. Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www. ... "Bradyrhizobium tropiciagri sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium embrapense sp. nov., nitrogen-fixing symbionts of tropical forage ... "Bradyrhizobium tropiciagri". www.uniprot.org. Parker, Charles Thomas; Garrity, George M. "Nomenclature Abstract for ... Bradyrhizobium tropiciagri Delamuta et al. 2015.". The NamesforLife Abstracts. doi:10.1601/nm.28121. Delamuta, Jakeline Renata ...
Bradyrhizobium arachidis is a species of legume-root nodulating, microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium. It was first ... retamae) within Bradyrhizobium retamae sp. nov., nodulating Retama sphaerocarpa and Retama monosperma". Systematic and Applied ... "Bradyrhizobium arachidis sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Arachis hypogaea grown in China". Systematic and Applied ...
Bradyrhizobium ganzhouense is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which was isolated from Acacia melanoxylon. LSPN ... bacterio.net Lu, J. K.; Dou, Y. J.; Zhu, Y. J.; Wang, S. K.; Sui, X. H.; Kang, L. H. (2014). "Bradyrhizobium ganzhouense sp. ...
Bradyrhizobium rifense is a bacterium that was isolated from nodules of Cytisus villosus from the Moroccan Rif. UniProt ... Chahboune, R; Carro, L; Peix, A; Ramírez-Bahena, M. H.; Barrijal, S; Velázquez, E; Bedmar, E. J. (2012). "Bradyrhizobium ...
Bradyrhizobium cytisi is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium. LSPN bacterio.net Straininfo of Bradyrhizobium cytisi ... doi:10.1099/ijs.0.027649-0. Type strain of Bradyrhizobium cytisi at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... UniProt Chahboune, R. (2011). "Bradyrhizobium cytisi sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Cytisus villosus". ...
Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which was isolated from nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus ... "Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi Taxon Passport". StrainInfo. "Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi". Species. UniProt. "DSM-19631 Type strain". ... "Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus ... "Bradyrhizobium". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Ramírez-Bahena MH, Peix A, Rivas R, Camacho M ...
Bradyrhizobium stylosanthis is a nitrogen-fixing bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the ... "DSMZ - Bacterial Nomenclature Up-to-Date, Genus: Bradyrhizobium". www.dsmz.de. "Bradyrhizobium stylosanthis". www.uniprot.org. ... "Genome Sequence of Bradyrhizobium stylosanthis Strain BR 446T, a Nitrogen-Fixing Symbiont of the Legume Pasture Stylosanthes ... "Bradyrhizobium stylosanthis sp. nov., comprising nitrogen-fixing symbionts isolated from nodules of the tropical forage legume ...
Bradyrhizobium ferriligni is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the nodules of the tree ... Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www.bacterio.net. "Bradyrhizobium ferriligni". www.uniprot.org. Yao, Yao; Sui, Xin Hua; Chen, Wen ... and Bradyrhizobium ferriligni sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Erythrophleum fordii". International Journal of ... Xn; Zhang, Xiao Xia; Wang, En Tao (1 June 2015). "Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei sp. nov. ...
Bradyrhizobium retamae is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium. Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www.bacterio.net. UniProt ... Retamae) within Bradyrhizobium retamae sp. nov., nodulating Retama sphaerocarpa and Retama monosperma". Systematic and Applied ... "Taxonomic Abstract for the species Bradyrhizobium retamae". The NamesforLife Abstracts. 2008. doi:10.1601/tx.25596. ...
Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum is a nitrogen-fixing bacteria from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which was isolated from rice paddy ... "Reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. nov". ... Type strain of Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum UniProt Okubo, T; Fukushima, S; Itakura, M; Oshima, K; ...
ISBN 1-4020-3542-X. Bradyrhizobium liaoningense at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Bradyrhizobium liaoningense at ... Xu, L. M.; Ge, C.; Cui, Z.; Li, J.; Fan, H. (1995). "Bradyrhizobium liaoningense sp. nov., Isolated from the Root Nodules of ... Bradyrhizobium liaoningense is a species of legume-root nodulating, microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium. It was first ...
Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the nodules of the ... Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". www.bacterio.net. "Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei". www.uniprot.org. Yao, Y; Sui, XH; Zhang, XX; ... Wang, ET; Chen, WX (June 2015). "Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium ferriligni sp. nov., isolated from ...
Bradyrhizobium daqingense is a bacterium from the genus Bradyrhizobium. LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Bradyrhizobium ... "Bradyrhizobium daqingense sp. nov., isolated from soybean nodules". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary ...
Bradyrhizobium lablabi is a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming bacteria from the genus of Bradyrhizobium. which was ... LPSN bacterio.net Straininfo of Bradyrhizobium lablabi UniProt Chang, Y. L. (2010). "Bradyrhizobium lablabi sp. nov., isolated ...
Bradyrhizobium iriomotense is a species of legume-root nodulating, endosymbiont nitrogen-fixing bacterium, first isolated from ... Bradyrhizobium iriomotense at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN. ... "Bradyrhizobium iriomotense sp. nov., isolated from a tumor-like ... of Bradyrhizobium strains: revealing high diversity of tropical diazotrophic symbiotic bacteria". Brazilian Journal of ... "Diversification of Lupine Bradyrhizobium Strains: Evidence from Nodulation Gene Trees". Applied and Environmental Microbiology ...
  • B. diazoefficiens CPAC 7 e B. japonicum CPAC 15 são estirpes brasileiras de Bradyrhizobium que apresentam grande relevância para o cultivo da soja, pois são capazes de fornecer nitrogênio para a produção desta leguminosa através do processo de fixação biológica de nitrogênio (FBN), uma técnica sustentável e de baixo custo. (usp.br)
  • Soil bacterium (Bradyrhizobium sp. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum is a Gram-negative soil bacterium commonly known for its agriculturally significant mutualistic relationship with soybean. (jmu.edu)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction 5-nitrosalicylate + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2-oxo-3-(5-oxofuran-2-ylidene)propanoate + nitrite (overall reaction) (1a) 5-nitrosalicylate + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4-nitro-6-oxohepta-2,4-dienedioate (1b) 4-nitro-6-oxohepta-2,4-dienedioate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2-oxo-3-(5-oxofuran-2-ylidene)propanoate + nitrite (spontaneous reaction) The enzyme from soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction 2-oxo-3-(5-oxofuran-2-ylidene)propanoate + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } maleylpyruvate This enzyme is isolated from the soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • The corresponding newly discovered bacterium was provisionally named Bradyrhizobium enterica. (uab.edu)
  • nov., an acid-tolerant endosymbiont that nodulates endemic genistoid legumes (Papilionoideae: Genisteae) from the Canary Islands, along with Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore this liquid formulation of Bradyrhizobium will open a new avenue in the organic cultivation of soybean and associated legumes in the farming arenas of Bangladesh. (michigansciencecenter.net)
  • Strain Th.b2 is a representative of a widely distributed Bradyrhizobium lineage used by several common legumes indigenous to forested habitats in eastern North America. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum significantly affected increase number and weight of root nodule, shoot dry and root weight, and number of seed, but not significantly affected increase soil pH, C-organic, N absorption, plant height, number of branch, seed dry weight, and decrease N-availability of soil and plant.The best result was found in the combination of 20% brown seaweed extract concentrartion. (usu.ac.id)
  • In 2013, a sequencing study identified a newly discovered bacterium, called Bradyrhizobium enterica, in biopsy samples from two patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • We also tested the role of the T3SS in the ability of the DOA9 strain to endophytically colonize rice roots, but detected no effect of the T3SS mutation, in contrast to what was previously reported in the Bradyrhizobium SUTN9-2 strain. (ird.fr)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction 5-nitroanthranilate + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 5-nitrosalicylate + NH3 The enzyme is present in Bradyrhizobium sp. (wikipedia.org)