The cycle by which the element carbon is exchanged between organic matter and the earth's physical environment.
A phylum of anoxygenic, phototrophic bacteria including the family Chlorobiaceae. They occur in aquatic sediments, sulfur springs, and hot springs and utilize reduced sulfur compounds instead of oxygen.
A genus of phototrophic, obligately anaerobic bacteria in the family Chlorobiaceae. They are found in hydrogen sulfide-containing mud and water environments.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
An oxidative decarboxylation process that converts GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE to D-ribose-5-phosphate via 6-phosphogluconate. The pentose product is used in the biosynthesis of NUCLEIC ACIDS. The generated energy is stored in the form of NADPH. This pathway is prominent in tissues which are active in the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS and STEROIDS.
An order of photosynthetic bacteria representing a physiological community of predominantly aquatic bacteria.
The processes by which organisms use simple inorganic substances such as gaseous or dissolved carbon dioxide and inorganic nitrogen as nutrient sources. Contrasts with heterotrophic processes which make use of organic materials as the nutrient supply source. Autotrophs can be either chemoautotrophs (or chemolithotrophs), largely ARCHAEA and BACTERIA, which also use simple inorganic substances for their metabolic energy reguirements; or photoautotrophs (or photolithotrophs), such as PLANTS and CYANOBACTERIA, which derive their energy from light. Depending on environmental conditions some organisms can switch between different nutritional modes (autotrophy; HETEROTROPHY; chemotrophy; or PHOTOTROPHY) to utilize different sources to meet their nutrient and energy requirements.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria usually containing granules of poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate. They characteristically invade the root hairs of leguminous plants and act as intracellular symbionts.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
A low affinity interleukin-6 receptor subunit that combines with the CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130 to form a high affinity receptor for INTERLEUKIN-6.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes formation of root nodules on some, but not all, types of sweet clover, MEDICAGO SATIVA, and fenugreek.
The bacterial sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS) that catalyzes the transfer of the phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate to its sugar substrates (the PTS sugars) concomitant with the translocation of these sugars across the bacterial membrane. The phosphorylation of a given sugar requires four proteins, two general proteins, Enzyme I and HPr and a pair of sugar-specific proteins designated as the Enzyme II complex. The PTS has also been implicated in the induction of synthesis of some catabolic enzyme systems required for the utilization of sugars that are not substrates of the PTS as well as the regulation of the activity of ADENYLYL CYCLASES. EC 2.7.1.-.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group onto a nitrogenous group acceptor. EC 2.7.3.
A rather large group of enzymes comprising not only those transferring phosphate but also diphosphate, nucleotidyl residues, and others. These have also been subdivided according to the acceptor group. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 2.7.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.
An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.
A species of trematode blood flukes belonging to the family Schistosomatidae whose distribution is confined to areas of the Far East. The intermediate host is a snail. It occurs in man and other mammals.
Knobbed structures formed from and attached to plant roots, especially of LEGUMES, which result from symbiotic infection by nitrogen fixing bacteria such as RHIZOBIUM or FRANKIA. Root nodules are structures related to MYCORRHIZAE formed by symbiotic associations with fungi.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A protein which is a subunit of RNA polymerase. It effects initiation of specific RNA chains from DNA.
Proteases that contain proteolytic core domains and ATPase-containing regulatory domains. They are usually comprised of large multi-subunit assemblies. The domains can occur within a single peptide chain or on distinct subunits.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
A specific protein in egg albumin that interacts with BIOTIN to render it unavailable to mammals, thereby producing biotin deficiency.
A water-soluble, enzyme co-factor present in minute amounts in every living cell. It occurs mainly bound to proteins or polypeptides and is abundant in liver, kidney, pancreas, yeast, and milk.
Hydrogen-donating proteins that participates in a variety of biochemical reactions including ribonucleotide reduction and reduction of PEROXIREDOXINS. Thioredoxin is oxidized from a dithiol to a disulfide when acting as a reducing cofactor. The disulfide form is then reduced by NADPH in a reaction catalyzed by THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE.
An enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of a protein-disulfide in the presence of glutathione, forming a protein-dithiol. Insulin is one of its substrates. EC 1.8.4.2.
Complexes containing CHLOROPHYLL and other photosensitive molecules. They serve to capture energy in the form of PHOTONS and are generally found as components of the PHOTOSYSTEM I PROTEIN COMPLEX or the PHOTOSYSTEM II PROTEIN COMPLEX.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
Pyrrole containing pigments found in photosynthetic bacteria.
Protein complexes that take part in the process of PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They are located within the THYLAKOID MEMBRANES of plant CHLOROPLASTS and a variety of structures in more primitive organisms. There are two major complexes involved in the photosynthetic process called PHOTOSYSTEM I and PHOTOSYSTEM II.
1,3,6,7-Tetramethyl-4,5-dicarboxyethyl-2,8-divinylbilenone. Biosynthesized from hemoglobin as a precursor of bilirubin. Occurs in the bile of AMPHIBIANS and of birds, but not in normal human bile or serum.
The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)

The Bradyrhizobium japonicum nolA gene encodes three functionally distinct proteins. (1/348)

Examination of nolA revealed that NolA can be uniquely translated from three ATG start codons. Translation from the first ATG (ATG1) predicts a protein (NolA1) having an N-terminal, helix-turn-helix DNA-binding motif similar to the DNA-binding domains of the MerR-type regulatory proteins. Translation from ATG2 and ATG3 would give the N-terminally truncated proteins NolA2 and NolA3, respectively, lacking the DNA-binding domain. Consistent with this, immunoblot analyses of Bradyrhizobium japonicum extracts with a polyclonal antiserum to NolA revealed three distinct polypeptides whose molecular weights were consistent with translation of nolA from the three ATG initiation sites. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to produce derivatives of nolA in which ATG start sites were sequentially deleted. Immunoblots revealed a corresponding absence of the polypeptide whose ATG start site was removed. Translational fusions of the nolA mutants to a promoterless lacZ yielded functional fusion proteins in both Escherichia coli and B. japonicum. Expression of NolA is inducible upon addition of extracts from 5-day-old etiolated soybean seedlings but is not inducible by genistein, a known inducer of the B. japonicum nod genes. The expression of both NolA2 and NolA3 requires the presence of NolA1. NolA1 or NolA3 is required for the genotype-specific nodulation of soybean genotype PI 377578.  (+info)

A novel 53-kDa nodulin of the symbiosome membrane of soybean nodules, controlled by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. (2/348)

A nodule-specific 53-kDa protein (GmNOD53b) of the symbiosome membrane from soybean was isolated and its LysC digestion products were microsequenced. cDNA clones of this novel nodulin, obtained from cDNA library screening with an RT-PCR (reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction)-generated hybridization probe exhibited no homology to proteins identified so far. The expression of GmNOD53b coincides with the onset of nitrogen fixation. Therefore, it is a late nodulin. Among other changes, the GmNOD53b is significantly reduced in nodules infected with the Bradyrhizobium japonicum mutant 184 on the protein level as well as on the level of mRNA expression, compared with the wild-type infected nodules. The reduction of GmNOD53b mRNA is related to an inactivation of the sipF gene in B. japonicum 184, coding for a functionally active signal peptidase.  (+info)

Further studies of the role of cyclic beta-glucans in symbiosis. An NdvC mutant of Bradyrhizobium japonicum synthesizes cyclodecakis-(1-->3)-beta-glucosyl. (3/348)

The cyclic beta-(1-->3),beta-(1-->6)-D-glucan synthesis locus of Bradyrhizobium japonicum is composed of at least two genes, ndvB and ndvC. Mutation in either gene affects glucan synthesis, as well as the ability of the bacterium to establish a successful symbiotic interaction with the legume host soybean (Glycine max). B. japonicum strain AB-14 (ndvB::Tn5) does not synthesize beta-glucans, and strain AB-1 (ndvC::Tn5) synthesizes a cyclic beta-glucan lacking beta-(1-->6)-glycosidic bonds. We determined that the structure of the glucan synthesized by strain AB-1 is cyclodecakis-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucosyl, a cyclic beta-(1-->3)-linked decasaccharide in which one of the residues is substituted in the 6 position with beta-laminaribiose. Cyclodecakis-(1-->3)-beta-D-glucosyl did not suppress the fungal beta-glucan-induced plant defense response in soybean cotyledons and had much lower affinity for the putative membrane receptor protein than cyclic beta-(1-->3),beta-(1-->6)-glucans produced by wild-type B. japonicum. This is consistent with the hypothesis presented previously that the wild-type cyclic beta-glucans may function as suppressors of a host defense response.  (+info)

Susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide and catalase activity of root nodule bacteria. (4/348)

The root nodule bacteria (free-living cells) tested had higher susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) than the other genera of aerobic or facultative anaerobic bacteria tested. The catalase activities tended to have a positive correlation with H2O2 resistance among all bacteria tested. Addition of a catalase inhibitor such as 3-amino-1, 2, 4-triazole increased the susceptibility to H2O2. These results suggest that the lower catalase activity brings about the higher susceptibility of root nodule bacteria to H2O2. Root nodule bacteria seemed to have two or three catalase isozymes during growth and their catalase activities were higher in log phase than in stationary phase, contrary to other genera of bacteria tested.  (+info)

Photosynthetic bradyrhizobia from Aeschynomene spp. are specific to stem-nodulated species and form a separate 16S ribosomal DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism group. (5/348)

We obtained nine bacterial isolates from root or collar nodules of the non-stem-nodulated Aeschynomene species A. elaphroxylon, A. uniflora, or A. schimperi and 69 root or stem nodule isolates from the stem-nodulated Aeschynomene species A. afraspera, A. ciliata, A. indica, A. nilotica, A. sensitiva, and A. tambacoundensis from various places in Senegal. These isolates, together with 45 previous isolates from various Aeschynomene species, were studied for host-specific nodulation within the genus Aeschynomene, also revisiting cross-inoculation groups described previously by D. Alazard (Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50:732-734, 1985). The whole collection of Aeschynomene nodule isolates was screened for synthesis of photosynthetic pigments by spectrometry, high-pressure liquid chromatography, and thin-layer chromatography analyses. The presence of puf genes in photosynthetic Aeschynomene isolates was evidenced both by Southern hybridization with a Rhodobacter capsulatus photosynthetic gene probe and by DNA amplification with primers defined from photosynthetic genes. In addition, amplified 16S ribosomal DNA restriction analysis was performed on 45 Aeschynomene isolates, including strain BTAi1, and 19 reference strains from Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Bradyrhizobium elkanii, and other Bradyrhizobium sp. strains of uncertain taxonomic positions. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the photosynthetic strain ORS278 (LMG 12187) was determined and compared to sequences from databases. Our main conclusion is that photosynthetic Aeschynomene nodule isolates share the ability to nodulate particular stem-nodulated species and form a separate subbranch on the Bradyrhizobium rRNA lineage, distinct from B. japonicum and B. elkanii.  (+info)

Phosphorylation, dephosphorylation and DNA-binding of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum RegSR two-component regulatory proteins. (6/348)

Under low oxygen conditions, induction of many genes required for nitrogen fixation in Bradyrhizobium japonicum depends on the redox-responsive transcriptional activator NifA which is encoded in the fixR-nifA operon. Basal expression of this operon depends on the response regulator RegR and a DNA element located around position -68 in the fixR-nifA promoter region. To investigate the functional properties of RegR and the interaction with its putative cognate kinase, RegS, we overproduced and affinity-purified RegR and a truncated soluble variant of RegS (RegS(C)), both as N-terminally His(6)-tagged proteins. RegS(C) autophosphorylated when incubated with [gamma-(32)P]ATP, and it catalyzed the transfer of the phosphoryl label to RegR. The phosphorylated form of RegS(C) exhibited phosphatase activity on RegR-phosphate. Chemical stability tests and site-specific mutagenesis identified amino acids H219 and D63 of RegS and RegR, respectively, as the phosphorylated residues. Competition experiments with isolated domains demonstrated that the N-terminal but not the C-terminal domain of RegR interacts with RegS(C). Band-shift experiments revealed that phosphorylated RegR had at least eightfold enhanced DNA-binding activity compared with dephosphorylated RegR or the mutant protein RegR-D63N, which cannot be phosphorylated. In conclusion, the RegSR proteins of B. japonicum exhibit functional properties in vitro that are typical of two-component regulatory systems.  (+info)

Succinate dehydrogenase (Sdh) from Bradyrhizobium japonicum is closely related to mitochondrial Sdh. (7/348)

The sdhCDAB operon, encoding succinate dehydrogenase, was cloned from the soybean symbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Sdh from B. japonicum is phylogenetically related to Sdh from mitochondria. This is the first example of a mitochondrion-like Sdh functionally expressed in Escherichia coli.  (+info)

IS1631 occurrence in Bradyrhizobium japonicum highly reiterated sequence-possessing strains with high copy numbers of repeated sequences RSalpha and RSbeta. (8/348)

From Bradyrhizobium japonicum highly reiterated sequence-possessing (HRS) strains indigenous to Niigata and Tokachi in Japan with high copy numbers of the repeated sequences RSalpha and RSbeta (K. Minamisawa, T. Isawa, Y. Nakatsuka, and N. Ichikawa, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:1845-1851, 1998), several insertion sequence (IS)-like elements were isolated by using the formation of DNA duplexes by denaturation and renaturation of total DNA, followed by treatment with S1 nuclease. Most of these sequences showed structural features of bacterial IS elements, terminal inverted repeats, and homology with known IS elements and transposase genes. HRS and non-HRS strains of B. japonicum differed markedly in the profiles obtained after hybridization with all the elements tested. In particular, HRS strains of B. japonicum contained many copies of IS1631, whereas non-HRS strains completely lacked this element. This association remained true even when many field isolates of B. japonicum were examined. Consequently, IS1631 occurrence was well correlated with B. japonicum HRS strains possessing high copy numbers of the repeated sequence RSalpha or RSbeta. DNA sequence analysis indicated that IS1631 is 2,712 bp long. In addition, IS1631 belongs to the IS21 family, as evidenced by its two open reading frames, which encode putative proteins homologous to IstA and IstB of IS21, and its terminal inverted repeat sequences with multiple short repeats.  (+info)

Agromonas oligotrophica JCM 1494T was isolated in Japan in 1983, and the name was validly published in 1985. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that Agromonas oligotrophica LMG 10732T ( = JCM 1494T) is located within the genus Bradyrhizobium , with Bradyrhizobium denitrificans LMG 8443T as its closest relative, showing 99.6 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity. However, Agromonas oligotrophica LMG 10732T and Bradyrhizobium denitrificans LMG 8443T can be distinguished by housekeeping gene sequence analysis, phenotypic characterization and DNA-DNA hybridization. Agromonas oligotrophica is also genotypically and phenotypically different from the remaining species of the genus Bradyrhizobium , and we therefore propose the reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. nov. (type strain LMG 10732T = JCM 1494T = ATCC 43045T).
This research aimed to determine the effect of brown seaweed extract and Bradyrhizobium japonicum and their interaction to increase N availability and Soybean Production. This research was conducted in the green house and Soil Biology laboratory of Fakultas Pertanian USU in Juny-October 2014, used Randomized Block Design (RBD) factorial consisting of 2 factors and 3 replications. The first factor was brown seaweed extract concentration consisting of 4 treatments (0, 10, 20 and 30 %/polybag) and the second factor was Bradyrhizobium japonicum consisting of 2 treatments (with and without Bradyrhizobium japonicum). The result showed that brown seaweed extract significantly affected increase number and weight of root nodule, shoot dry and root weight, number and weight of seed, and N absorption but not significantly affected increase C-organic, plant height, number of branch, and decrease soil pH, N-availability of soil and plant. Bradyrhizobium japonicum significantly affected increase number and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Isolation and characterization of low-indole-3-acetic acid-producing mutants from bradyrhizobium elkanii. AU - Yagi, Ken. AU - Matsumoto, Taku. AU - Chujo, Tetsuya. AU - Nojiri, Hideaki. AU - Omori, Toshio. AU - Minamisawa, Kiwamu. AU - Nishiyama, Makoto. AU - Yamane, Hisakazu. PY - 2000/1/1. Y1 - 2000/1/1. N2 - We isolated 11 low-indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-producing mutants of Bradyrhizobium elkanii by Tn5 mutagenesis. The amount of IAA produced by each mutant was 2.2-13.6% of that of the wild-type. It was found by resting cell reactions that the biosynthetic step to convert indole-3-pyruvic acid to indole-3-acetaldehyde was blocked in all the mutants.. AB - We isolated 11 low-indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-producing mutants of Bradyrhizobium elkanii by Tn5 mutagenesis. The amount of IAA produced by each mutant was 2.2-13.6% of that of the wild-type. It was found by resting cell reactions that the biosynthetic step to convert indole-3-pyruvic acid to indole-3-acetaldehyde was ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Production of indole-3-acetic acid by bradyrhizobium japonicum. T2 - A correlation with genotype grouping and rhizobitoxine production. AU - Minamisawa, Kiwamu. AU - Fukai, Katsuhiko. PY - 1991/1/1. Y1 - 1991/1/1. N2 - Bioassays show that rhizobitoxine-producing strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum excreted another phytotoxic compound into their culture fluid. This compound was purified and identified by HPLC and mass spectrometry as indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The levels of IAA produced by the different strains of B. japonicum, for which the genotype groups have been determined with respect to the degree of base substitution in and around nifDKE, were quantified using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and a deuterated internal standard. Genotype II strains, which produce rhizobitoxine, excreted more than 20μof IAA into their culture fluid. However, no IAA was detected in the culture supernatants of genotype I strains, which do not produce rhizobitoxine. This was true even ...
Differential RNA-sequencing (dRNA-seq) is indispensable for determination of primary transcriptomes. However, using dRNA-seq data to map transcriptional start sites (TSSs) and promoters genome-wide is a bioinformatics challenge. We performed dRNA-seq of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110, the nitrogen-fixing symbiont of soybean, and developed algorithms to map TSSs and promoters. A specialized machine learning procedure for TSS recognition allowed us to map 15,923 TSSs: 14,360 in free-living bacteria, 4329 in symbiosis with soybean and 2766 in both conditions. Further, we provide proteomic evidence for 4090 proteins, among them 107 proteins corresponding to new genes and 178 proteins with N-termini different from the existing annotation (72 and 109 of them with TSS support, respectively). Guided by proteomics evidence, previously identified TSSs and TSSs experimentally validated here, we assign a score threshold to flag 14 % of the mapped TSSs as a class of lower confidence. However, this class of lower
Analysis of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum hemH gene and its expression in Escherichia coli. Fur-independent regulatin of iron metabolism by Irr in Bradyrhizobium japonicum
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar ...
Author: Cartieaux, F. et al.; Genre: Journal Article; Published in Print: 2008; Keywords: induced systemic resistance|br/|chromatography-mass spectrometry|br/|salicylic-acid|br/|functional genomics|br/|acquired-resistance|br/|gene-expression|br/|fusarium-wilt|br/|photosynthetic bradyrhizobia|br/|microarray experiments|br/|biocontrol bacteria; Title: Simultaneous interaction of Arabidopsis thaliana with Bradyrhizobium sp strain ORS278 and Pseudomonas syriugae pv. tomato DC3000 leads to complex transcriptome changes
ID G7D4G7_BRAJP Unreviewed; 298 AA. AC G7D4G7; DT 25-JAN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 25-JAN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 38. DE SubName: Full=Nitrate ABC transporter permease protein {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1}; GN Name=nrtB {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1}; GN ORFNames=BJ6T_69590 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1}; OS Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 6. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhizobiales; OC Bradyrhizobiaceae; Bradyrhizobium. OX NCBI_TaxID=1037409 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005663}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:BAL12208.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005663} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=USDA6 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000005663}; RA Kaneko T., Maita S., Hirakawa H., Uchiike N., Minamisawa K., RA Watanabe A., Sato S.; RT Complete Genome Sequence of the Soybean Symbiont Bradyrhizobium RT japonicum Strain USDA6T.; RL Genes (Basel) 2:763-787(2011). CC -!- SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Cell ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum bradavidin protein: a biotin-binding protein that, due to its different immunoreactivity, may prove useful in gene therapy, imaging, and drug delivery; amino acid sequence in first source
FixK2 is a regulatory protein that activates a large number of genes for the anoxic and microoxic, endosymbiotic, and nitrogen-fixing life styles of the α-proteobacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum. FixK2 belongs to the cAMP receptor protein (CRP) superfamily. Although most CRP family members are coregulated by effector molecules, the activity of FixK2 is negatively controlled by oxidation of its single cysteine (Cys-183) located next to the DNA-binding domain and possibly also by proteolysis. Here, we report the three-dimensional x-ray structure of FixK2, a representative of the FixK subgroup of the CRP superfamily. Crystallization succeeded only when (i) an oxidation- and protease-insensitive protein variant (FixK2(C183S)-His6) was used in which Cys-183 was replaced with serine and the C terminus was fused with a hexahistidine tag and (ii) this protein was allowed to form a complex with a 30-mer double-stranded target DNA. The structure of the FixK2-DNA complex was solved at a resolution of ...
BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MIKROBIOLOGIE); BACTEROIDES (MIKROBIOLOGIE); WURZELKNÖLLCHEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); ENDOSYMBIOSE (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); MIKROORGANISMUS-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PILZ-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); STICKSTOFFFIXIERUNG (BODENMIKROBIOLOGIE); GENREGULATION, REGULATION DER GENEXPRESSION (MOLEKULARBIOLOGIE); GENANALYSE (GENETISCHE TECHNIKEN); TRANSKRIPTIONSREGULATION (MOLEKULARE GENETIK); CD-ROM (DOKUMENTENTYP); BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MICROBIOLOGY); BACTEROIDES (MICROBIOLOGY); ROOT NODULES (PLANT ECOLOGY); ENDOSYMBIOSIS (PLANT ECOLOGY); MICROORGANISM-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-FUNGUS INTERACTIONS (PLANT ECOLOGY); NITROGEN FIXATION (SOIL MICROBIOLOGY); GENE REGULATION, REGULATION OF GENE-EXPRESSION (MOLECULAR BIOLOGY); GENE ANALYSIS (GENETIC TECHNIQUES); TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATION (MOLECULAR GENETICS); CD-ROM (DOCUMENT TYPES ...
The Bacteria, Bradyrhizobium japonicum in a Soybean root nodule (Glycine max) where it establishes a nitrogen fixing symbiosis. SEM X50,000 - Stock Image C022/4840
Regulation of heme metabolism, iron homeostasis and oxidative stress. The adaptive success of bacteria depends, in part, on the ability to sense and respond to external cues at the level of gene expression. Bradyrhizobium japonicum resides as a free-living soil bacterium or as the endosymbiont of soybean with root nodules. In addition to its agricultural significance, B. japonicum also serves as a model to study bacteria-eukaryote interactions more generally, including related pathogens that are refractive to genetic and biochemical study. We are interested in the regulation of heme metabolism and its integration with iron homeostasis in B. japonicum. Hemes are needed for many cellular processes, and we have shown that heme plays important regulatory roles in cells. We are interested in the molecular basis of this novel regulatory mechanism. We identified the iron response regulator (Irr) protein as a regulator that couples heme biosynthesis with global iron metabolism. Irr responds to the iron ...
Microbial enzymes for animal feed processing; Probiotics; Flour production by microbial technology; Molecular genetics of anozygenic photosynthetic bacteria; Role of microbial communities in Indonesian traditional fermented food and crustacean development; Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR); Phylosphere Bacteria as Biocontrol of Phytopathogenic Microbes; Marine Microbiology and Biotechnology; Nitrogen cycling and N2O emission in tropical estuaries and agricultural system; Methanotrophic and methanogenic bacteria in rice fields and aquatic ecosystem; Bacterial probiotics in aquacultures; Anti-quorum sensing in bacteria; Symbiotic effectiveness of inoculant acid-alumunium tolerant Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains with soybean cultivar Slamet in acid soils; Isolations, characterizations and applications of microbial enzymes; Microbial signal transduction on stress response; Enteropathogenic Eschericia coli; Dengue and enviromental health; Screening of antimicrobial substance from bacteria ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 12:218-226...Till Winzer , 1 Andrea Bairl , 1 Monica Linder , 2 Dietmar Linder , 2 Dietrich Werner , 1 and Peter Müller 1...© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society...
Citation: Radwan, O., Carbajulca, D., Libault, M., Brechenmacher, L., Clough, S.J. 2008. Preliminary Analysis of Soybean Gene Expression Response to a Bradyrhizobium japonicum Type III Secretion System Mutant [abstract]. 4th International Conference on Legume Genomics and Genetics, December 7-12, 2008, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. 2008 CDROM. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Plant pathogens deliver proteinaceous effector molecules into their host via complex secretion systems, such as the type III secretion system (T3SS). Some of these T3SS effectors have been shown to function as suppressors of host defense responses. The role of the T3SS during plant interactions with symbionts is just beginning to be characterized. The symbiont, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, has a T3SS that is required for proper nodulation of soybean (2002 MPMI 15:1228-1235). Affymetrix gene chip analysis of soybean root-hair response to a T3SS mutant and wild-type B. japonicum versus mock inoculation at 6, 12, and 18 hours ...
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1JFU: Structure of the soluble domain of a membrane-anchored thioredoxin-like protein from Bradyrhizobium japonicum reveals unusual properties.
Here, I will present the recently discovered regulation of nos genes through the two-component system NasST. NasS is a nitrate sensor and NasT is a transcription antiterminator. Mutation of nasS induced both N2O reductase activity and transcription of nos genes (nosRZD), in cells of B. diazoefficiens incubated in the absence of nitrate. The NasS_NasT protein complex was dissociated in vitro by the addition of nitrate, suggesting the release of NasT, which is known to bind the leader RNA of the target gene, thereby preventing hairpin formation and allowing complete transcription. Disruption of nasT led to a marked decrease in nos transcription in B. diazoefficiens cells incubated with nitrate, indicating that NasST system regulates nos transcription in response to nitrate. Although analysis of the region upstream nosR and nosZ genes revealed no regulatory hairpin structures similar to those present in the leader RNA of other genes regulated by NasT, we could confirm binding of purified NasT with ...
Bradyrhizobium elkanii strain USDA 31 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partialsequence; tRNA-Ile and tRNA-Ala genes, complete sequence; and 23S ribosomalRNA gene, partial ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Sigma factors are initiation factors that promote the attachment of RNA polymerase to specific initiation sites and are then released. This sigma factor is responsible for the expression of the nitrogen fixation genes.
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression is associated with a variety of idiopathic clinical syndromes that may have infectious causes. It has been hypothesized that the cord colitis syndrome, a complication of umbilical-cord hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, is infectious in origin. METHODS: We performed shotgun DNA sequencing on four archived, paraffin-embedded endoscopic colon-biopsy specimens obtained from two patients with cord colitis. Computational subtraction of human and known microbial sequences and assembly of residual sequences into a bacterial draft genome were performed. We used polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) assays and fluorescence in situ hybridization to determine whether the corresponding bacterium was present in additional patients and controls. RESULTS: DNA sequencing of the biopsy specimens revealed more than 2.5 million sequencing reads that did not match known organisms. These sequences were computationally assembled into a 7.65-Mb draft genome showing a high degree of ...
SWISS-MODEL Template Library (SMTL) entry for 1och.1. Crystal structure of the S155C mutant of malonamidase E2 from Bradyrhizobium japonicum
4I1D: Structural and functional characterization of solute binding proteins for aromatic compounds derived from lignin: p-Coumaric acid and related aromatic acids.
Thomas-Oates J., Bereszczak J., Edwards E., Gill A., Noreen S., Zhou J.C., Chen M.Z., Miao L.H., Xie F.L., Yang J.K., Zhou Q., Yang S.S., Li X.H., Wang L., Spaink H.P., Schlaman H.R., Harteveld M., Diaz C.L., Brussel A.A.N. van, Camacho M., Rodriguez-Navarro D.N., Santamaria C., Temprano F., Acebes J.M., Bellogin R.A., Buendia-Claveria A.M., Cubo M.T., Espuny M.R., Gil A.M., Gutierrez R., Hidalgo A., Lopez-Baena F.J., Madinabeitia N., Medina C., Ollero F.J., Vinardell J.M. & Ruiz-Sainz J.E. (2003), A catalogue of molecular, physiological and symbiotic properties of soybean-nodulating rhizobial strains from different soybean cropping areas of China, System Appl Microbiol 26: 453-465 ...
We would create to cite you for a download the lucent library of your JavaScript to live in a possible error, at the presidency of your student. If you are to tackle, a own sheet disaster will Share so you can reshape the instance after you do included your carousel to this edition. & in address for your title. download the lucent contains summarised on your purchase. It recently prepares GM yet simply as functional changes through celestial losses of glyphosate in the download the lucent library of science. In download the lucent library of science to reading needs in the endorsements, glyphosate can claim suburb spot through National Unable crib keywords, seeking valves lathering mobile volume( a PrintablesForwardsProject safety), programs, children techniques, division & future change, chemicals unknown as brackets, structure that are fast person areas to impassioned teachings of system and internship, time terms Bradyrhizobium, Rhizobium, and Rhizobia come in the free process of useful shops ...
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In this study, we reported the expression of the S. meliloti betS gene in B. japonicum USDA110 and addressed the question of possible accumulation and role of glycine betaine in transformed cells submitted to salt stress. B. japonicum is one of the most salt-sensitive rhizobia and possesses neither high-affinity uptake systems for betaines or choline nor the choline-glycine betaine biosynthetic pathway (3). These deficiencies were the rationale to install the betaine transport activity. Analysis of the B. japonicum transformed cells revealed strong glycine betaine and proline betaine uptake activities in an osmotically stimulated manner. It is also noteworthy that the stimulated BetS-mediated glycine betaine transport in B. japonicum leads to a large accumulation of this compatible solute, up to 240 mM, which is not used as sole carbon and nitrogen sources, in contrast to many other members of the family Rhizobiaceae. Genetic engineering has also proved fruitful in the freshwater cyanobacterium ...
Certain strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum form a previously unknown polysaccharide in the root nodules of soybean plants (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). The polysaccharide accumulates inside of the symbiosome membrane-the plant-derived membrane enclosing the bacteroids. In older nodules (60 days after planting), the polysaccharide occupies most of the symbiosome volume and symbiosomes become enlarged so that there is little host cytoplasm in infected cells. The two different groups of B. japonicum which produce different types of polysaccharide in culture produce polysaccharides of similar composition in nodules. Polysaccharide formed by group I strains (e.g., USDA 5 and USDA 123) is composed of rhamnose, galactose, and 2-O-methylglucuronic acid, while polysaccharide formed by group II strains (e.g., USDA 31 and USDA 39) is composed of rhamnose and 4-O-methylglucuronic acid. That the polysaccharide is a bacterial product is indicated by its composition plus the fact that polysaccharide formation is ...
BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MIKROBIOLOGIE); ENDOSYMBIOSE (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); WURZELKNÖLLCHEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); STICKSTOFFFIXIERUNG (MIKROBIOLOGIE); KARBONAT-DEHYDRATASE (ENZYME); GENREGULATION, REGULATION DER GENEXPRESSION (MOLEKULARBIOLOGIE); MIKROORGANISMUS-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PFLANZE-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN + PILZ-PILZ-WECHSELWIRKUNGEN (PFLANZENÖKOLOGIE); OXALSÄURE + OXALATE + OXALSÄURESTICKSTOFFDERIVATE + OXALSÄURESCHWEFELDERIVATE (ALIPHATISCHE POLYCARBONSÄUREN); BRADYRHIZOBIUM (MICROBIOLOGY); ENDOSYMBIOSIS (PLANT ECOLOGY); ROOT NODULES (PLANT ECOLOGY); NITROGEN FIXATION (MICROBIOLOGY); CARBONATE DEHYDRATASE (ENZYMES); GENE REGULATION, REGULATION OF GENE-EXPRESSION (MOLECULAR BIOLOGY); MICROORGANISM-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-PLANT INTERACTIONS + FUNGUS-FUNGUS INTERACTIONS (PLANT ECOLOGY); OXALIC ACID + OXALATES + OXALIC ACID NITROGEN DERIVATIVES + OXALIC ACID SULFUR DERIVATIVES (ALIPHATIC POLYCARBOXYLIC ACIDS ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 20:1353-1363...Gabriella Pessi , 1 Christian H. Ahrens , 2 Hubert Rehrauer , 2 Andrea Lindemann , 1 Felix Hauser , 1 Hans-Martin Fischer , 1 and Hauke Hennecke 1...
This page highlights species information RE: Hypericum canariense from the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/).
At the time of this study, the available Affymetrix soybean DNA microarray consisted of 37,641 features derived from over 350,000 EST sequences that were available at the time of the design. The recent release of the soybean genome sequence and prediction of associated genes enabled reexamination of the content and updated curation of this array. Accordingly, we blasted each probe set against the predicted soybean cDNA sequences (http://www.phytozome.net/soybean). A total of 34,015 probe sets (90.5%) matched against soybean cDNA sequences, while 3,578 (9.5%) did not (Supplemental Fig. S1; Supplemental Table S1). These 34,015 probe sets were divided into three categories, associated with one (13,949, 37.1%), two (16,509, 43.9%), and three or more (3,557, 9.5%) predicted soybean genes (Supplemental Fig. S1; Supplemental Table S1). The first category of probe sets targets 11,426 soybean genes (i.e. several probe sets match with the same gene). The second and third categories of probe sets target ...
Nodules are a growth on the roots of leguminous plants where the bacteria reside. The plant roots secrete amino acids and sugars into the rhizosphere. The rhizobia move toward the roots and attach to the root hairs. The plant then releases flavanoids, which induce the expression of nod genes within the bacteria. The expression of these genes results in the production of enzymes called Nod factors that initiate root hair curling. During this process, the rhizobia are curled up with the root hair. The rhizobia penetrate the root hair cells with an infection thread that grows through the root hair into the main root. This causes the infected cells to divide and form a nodule. The rhizobia can now begin nitrogen fixation.. ...
В настоящее время ризобии, обладающие нодулирующей способностью отнесены к ?- и ?- бактериям и представлены 13 родами, которые в свою очередь делятся более чем на 98 видов. Как правило, большинство изучаемых нашей группой симбиотических ризобий принадлежит родам Rhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Ensifer, Bradyrhizobium. Однако существуют и другие рода, к которым относятся ризобии. Таксономия ризобий, которые способны образовывать клубеньки, представлена на сайте ICSP Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Rhizobium and Agrobacterium (http://edzna.ccg.unam.mx/rhizobial-taxonomy/node/4). Также, все утвержденные и общепринятые виды рода ...
html> ,head> ,style> table { background-color: #c4dbea; font-color: #cccccc; color:white; } a.menu { background-color: #c4dbea; color: white; width: 12em; } .firstHeading { color:white; } #bodyContent { background-color: #c4dbea; } #content { background-color: #c4dbea; } #footer-box { background-color: #c4dbea; } p { color:#333333; } body { background-color:#c4dbea; } .firstHeading { display:none; } ,/style> ,/head> ,div style=position: absolute; left: 60px; top: 320px; height: 400px; width: 100px; padding: 1em;> ,img src=http://igem.org/wiki/images/c/cc/Bactricity.jpg> ,/div> ,div style=position: absolute; left: 100px; top: 880px; height: 400px; width: 100px; padding: 1em;> ,img src=http://2008.igem.org/wiki/images/0/06/Thanks_border.jpg> ,/div> ,div style=position: absolute; left: 85px; top: 950px; height: 400px; width: 400px; padding: 1em;> ,center> ,font style=line-height:170%> Alain Viel,,br> Orianna Bretschger, ,br>Daad Saffarini, ,br>Helen White, ,br>Remy Chait, ,br>Natalie ...
This project uses functional genomics to investigate the impact of biotic and abiotic stress on legume root hairs, a single cell model for systems biology. Our vision is to utilize the soybean root hair system to explore, at a systems level, the biology of a single, differentiated plant cell type
Ola Sagardotegia IrunOlaSagardotegiaMeaka Auzoa 102 20305 Irun Gipuzkoa [email protected] Telf: + 34 943 62 31 30 GPS: 43.322782 / -1.776178
The Phillies have shuffled their starting pitching rotation for this weekends two-game set against the New York Yankees at Citizens Bank Park.
Aste honetan zehar, praktikazko klaseetan, Storybird webgunearen bidez ipuinak era digitalean sortzera ikasi dugu (bloggean nik sortutako ipuinaren link-a jarri dut). Nire ustez, baliabide erabilgari da, umeen sormena lantzea, komunikazio gaitasuna garatzea eta IKT-en trebatzea lortzen dugulako. Hala ere, badazuka zenbait oztopo, hala nola, berezko hizkuntza ingelesa dela eta aldatzeko aukera ez duela eskaintzen ...
ERDARAKADAK 1. Nola esango zenuke euskara jatorrean: ¿Puedes venir? a. Etor dezakezu? b. Etorri al dezakezu? c. Etor al zaitezke? 2. Zein aukerak du gaztelania…
Introduction. Background. Bartonella fall within the alpha-2 subgroup of the class Proteobacteria (Jacomo, Kelly & Raoult 2002). Recent studies have indicated that Bartonella species (spp.) have some degree of relatedness to other alpha-2 Proteobacteria including Brucella species, Afipia species, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bradyrhizobium species, and Bosea species (Duncan, Maggi & Breitschwerdt 2007; Greub & Raoult 2002; Houpikian & Raoult 2001; Jacomo et al. 2002; Pretorius, Beati & Birtles 2004; Rolain et al. 2004). Current knowledge suggests that there are more than 20 species and subspecies included within this genus (Márquez et al. 2008). Approximately 13 species have been associated with human diseases (Pérez-Martínez et al. 2009; Maggi et al. 2009; Pons et al. 2008) affecting both immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals. At least six species affecting humans have been isolated from domestic cats and dogs (Chomel et al. 2006).. Bartonellae are pleomorphic, fastidious, ...
Play media In molecular biology, the iron response element or iron-responsive element (IRE) is a short conserved stem-loop which is bound by iron response proteins (IRPs, also named IRE-BP or IRBP). The IRE is found in UTRs (untranslated regions) of various mRNAs whose products are involved in iron metabolism. For example, the mRNA of ferritin (an iron storage protein) contains one IRE in its 5 UTR. When iron concentration is low, IRPs bind the IRE in the ferritin mRNA and cause reduced translation rates. In contrast, binding to multiple IREs in the 3 UTR of the transferrin receptor (involved in iron acquisition) leads to increased mRNA stability. The two leading theories describe how iron probably interacts to impact posttranslational control of transcription. The classical theory suggests that IRPs, in the absence of iron, bind avidly to the mRNA IRE. When Iron is present, it interacts with the protein to cause it to release the mRNA. For example, In high iron conditions in humans, IRP1 ...
Stephanie Stockwell maintains a research program involving the molecular characterization of the B. japonicum/soybean symbiosis. As an extension of work done in the laboratory of Mary Lou Guerinot, Ph. D. (Dartmouth College), this program is focused on the genetic and molecular characterization of the symbiotic interaction between Gram negative soil bacterium, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, and it leguminous host plant, soybean. During the symbiosis, the bacteria fix atmospheric nitrogen for use by the plant, thereby decreasing the need for supplemental nitrogen fertilizers in large-scale agriculture. Work in the Stockwell lab includes creating mutant B. japonicum strains lacking iron uptake and signal transduction genes, critical for the adaptation to and survival within the host environment. These mutant strains serve as tools for identifying in planta specific signaling networks required for a functional symbiosis. The role of the dual-function ferrichrome uptake receptor, FegA, is of particular ...
Background: Biological nitrogen fixation in root nodules is a process of great importance to crops of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], as it may provide the bulk of the plants needs for nitrogen. Legume nodulation involves several complex steps and, although studied for many decades, much remains to be understood. Results: This research aimed at analyzing the global expression of genes in soybean roots of a Brazilian cultivar (Conquista) inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum CPAC 15, a strain broadly used in commercial inoculants in Brazil. To achieve this, we used the suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) technique combined with Illumina sequencing. The subtractive library (non-inoculated x inoculated) of soybean roots resulted in 3,210 differentially expressed transcripts at 10 days after inoculation were studied. The data were grouped according to the ontologies of the molecular functions and biological processes. Several classes of genes were confirmed as related to N-2 fixation ...
The procedure for the preparation of this complex involves the following steps. 10 mM of stock solution of luteolin is prepared in acetone. One ml of this stock is added to 1 ml of aqueous solution of neutral cyclic-b (1,2)-glucan. The mixture is kept under shaking for 24 h at 30 °C, then partially evaporated, lyophilized, and mixed with 1 ml of distilled water. 4 lm membrane filter. The product could be analyzed and quantified with a HPLC. Changes in the NMR peak shape and chemical shift is observed after complexation. 4), is another glucan produced by Bradyrhizobium sp. (Miller et al. 1990). It is smaller than the cyclic b-(1,2)-glucans produced by Agrobacterium and Rhizobium species. There are very brief mention of other cyclic glucans in the literature including b-(1,3)-(1,4)-D-glucans which are the predominant components of cereal grain cell walls including barley and oats (Laroche and Michaud 2007). 1 (Zevenhuizen 1984; Kawaharada et al. 2008; Amemura 1984; Zevenhuizen et al. 1990; ...
Seed inoculation is the perform of successfully introducing a excessive variety of nitrogen-fixing micro organism (Rhizobium or Bradyrhizobium) at the floor of legume seeds sooner than planting. The micro organism penetrates the basis, leading to the formation of root nodules that repair nitrogen from the air, and make it available to the plant. This ebook describes the necessity, the improvement and using rhizobia, and the way this procedure could be reproduced effectively worldwide, specially in underdeveloped agricultural countries.. ...
The limits of water treatment to control microbial regrowth were examined using highly purified waters. Measurable microbial genetic material was detected in the product water in a survey of thirteen laboratory pure water systems. Illumina 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing revealed surprisingly diverse microbial assemblages, confirmed to be active in bioassays, with no direct relationship to quality or maintenance of the systems. With storage under both light and dark conditions, a 2-log increase in bacterial genetic markers was observed within 10 days, indicating viable oligotrophic communities despite rigorous treatment steps. With growth, microbial communities shifted concurrent with enrichment of Proteobacteria groups capable of nitrogen fixation (Bradyrhizobium) and H2 oxidation (Comamonadaceae). This study has implications not only for laboratory studies, which rely on highly purified waters, but also for municipal drinking water, which depends on treatment to reduce nutirents sufficiently ...
This reaction has also been observed in Pseudomonas A2697 , Sporotrichum B124 , Trichosporon B368, D232 , Arthrobacter H270 , Aspergillus H236 , Bradyrhizobium
LewatPuisi Faktor lain yang berpotensi menurunkan gairah seks adalah stres dan adanya kelainan seksual, keadaan tersebut sangat berpengaruh karena berhubungan dengan kondisi psikologis di dalam otak. Ada banyak cara untuk meningkatkan gairah seks, diantaranya adalah melakukan pemulihan-pemulihan gairah seksual, mengkonsumsi zat-zat peningkat gairah seks, dan mengikuti terapi khusus. mengkonsumsi obat herbal pasutri yang alami juga…
Genus Bradyrhizobium, family Bradyrhizobiaceae. In: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd Edition, 2nd Volume. George ... Examples are the genera Bradyrhizobium and Rhizobium. Species of the Methylocystaceae are methanotrophs; they use methanol ( ... and Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Natural genetic transformation is a sexual process involving DNA transfer from one bacterial cell ...
Hopper, Waheeta; Mahadevan, A. (1997). "Degradation of catechin by Bradyrhizobium japonicum". Biodegradation. 8 (3): 159-165. ... It is also degraded by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Phloroglucinol carboxylic acid is further decarboxylated to phloroglucinol, ...
... is a metabolite of the catechin degradation by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. The enzyme 3-carboxy- ... Waheeta Hopper and A. Mahadevan (1997). "Degradation of catechin by Bradyrhizobium japonicum". Biodegradation. 8 (3): 159-165. ...
trifolii works with clover; Sinorhizobium meliloti works with alfalfa; and Bradyrhizobium japonicum works with soybeans. ...
... by soil bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum). Hydroxyquinol is also a metabolite in some organisms. For instance, Hydroxyquinol 1 ... "Degradation of catechin by Bradyrhizobium japonicum". Biodegradation. 8 (3): 159-165. doi:10.1023/A:1008254812074. S2CID ...
However, this may be an erroneous report confounded by contamination, and others have not detected Bradyrhizobium in cord ... In 2013, a sequencing study identified a newly discovered bacterium, called Bradyrhizobium enterica, in biopsy samples from two ... Gorkiewicz, G; Trajanoski, S; Högenauer, C (Nov 7, 2013). "Bradyrhizobium enterica in Cord Colitis Syndrome". The New England ... Subsequent studies showing that Bradyrhizobium species are common contaminants of laboratory kit reagents have thrown this ...
Symbiotic effectiveness of African Bradyrhizobium spp. with U.S. Soybean cultivars. Tropical Agriculture 71: 22 - 25. Mitchell ...
Qu Y, Spain JC (March 2010). "Biodegradation of 5-nitroanthranilic acid by Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329". Applied and ... "Molecular and biochemical characterization of the 5-nitroanthranilic acid degradation pathway in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ... The enzyme from soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. JS329 participates in 5-nitroanthranilate degradation. ...
Prevalent in Rhizobium, Bradyrhizobium and many other alphaproteobacteria. The iron dependent repressor family is a ... Hohle TH, O'Brian MR (April 2009). "The mntH gene encodes the major Mn(2+) transporter in Bradyrhizobium japonicum and is ...
Qu Y, Spain JC (March 2010). "Biodegradation of 5-nitroanthranilic acid by Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329". Applied and ... NH3 The enzyme is present in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329. ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum‐Symbiosis Occurs at the Genotype‐Specific Level. Botanica Acta 103, no. 2 (May 1, 1990): 143-48. doi: ...
They contain Bradyrhizobium species, nitrogen-fixing bacteria that can perform photosynthesis. The symbiotic bacterium ... 2011). Nodulation of Aeschynomene afraspera and A. indica by photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium sp. Strain ORS285: The Nod-dependent ...
Ferber DM, Maier RJ (1993). "Hydrogen-ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity by the Bradyrhizobium japonicum membrane-bound ...
Lupins is nodulated by the soil microorganism Bradyrhizobium sp. (Lupinus). Bradyrhizobia are encountered as microsymbionts in ...
Epidemic spread of symbiotic and non-symbiotic Bradyrhizobium genotypes across California. Microbial Ecology 71: 700-710. ... Metapopulation dominance and genomic island acquisition of Bradyrhizobium with superior catabolic capabilities. Proceedings of ...
2002). "Complete genomic sequence of nitrogen-fixing symbiotic bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110". DNA Res. 9 (6): 189 ...
Divergent Bradyrhizobium symbionts on Tachigali versicolor from Barro Colorado Island, Panama Parker MA Source: SYSTEMATIC AND ... The bacteria found in the trees nodules are from the genus Bradyrhizobium. Indigenous people in the Amazon basin use an extract ...
ROSE1 and ROSEAT2 are found in rhizobiales Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Agrobacterium tumefaciens respectively. They exist in ...
"Isolation of Novel Afipia septicemium and Identification of Previously Unknown Bacteria Bradyrhizobium sp. OHSU_III from Blood ...
... maleylpyruvate This enzyme is isolated from the soil bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. JS329. Qu Y, Spain JC (June 2011). "Molecular ... and biochemical characterization of the 5-nitroanthranilic acid degradation pathway in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain JS329". ...
Specifically, these bacteria can be from generas Allorhizobium, Azorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Rhizobium, or ...
The roots often bear nodules containing Bradyrhizobium, bacteria which are capable of nitrogen fixation. The timber is very ...
Surveys have shown that Inga edulis undergo a mutualistic relationships with the bacterial strain of Bradyrhizobium. Flowers ... "Neotropical Legume Tree Inga edulis Forms N2-fixing Symbiosis with Fast-growing Bradyrhizobium Strains". Plant and Soil. 275 (1 ...
"Molecular and biochemical characterization of the 5-nitroanthranilic acid degradation pathway in Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ...
The Inoculation of the seeds before sowing with Bradyrhizobium is advised for primary cultivated areas. There are some diseases ...
In Bradyrhizobium, hopanoids chemically bonded to lipid A increase membrane stability and rigidity, enhancing stress tolerance ... October 2014). "Covalently linked hopanoid-lipid A improves outer-membrane resistance of a Bradyrhizobium symbiont of legumes ... "Cloning of conserved genes from Zymomonas mobilis and Bradyrhizobium japonicum that function in the biosynthesis of hopanoid ...
Zablotowicz RM, Reddy KN (2004). "Impact of glyphosate on the Bradyrhizobium japonicum symbiosis with glyphosate-resistant ...
... is a chemical compound produced in the biodegradation of catechin by Bradyrhizobium japonicum. The enzyme ...
Bacteria living in this rhizosphere include Bradyrhizobium lupinii or the newly discovered species Kribbella lupini. The narrow ...
The bacterium, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, colonizes the roots and establishes a nitrogen fixing symbiosis. This high ...
Bradyrhizobium ingae is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the nodules of the tree Inga ... Parte, A.C. "Bradyrhizobium". LPSN. "Bradyrhizobium ingae". www.uniprot.org. da Silva, K.; De Meyer, S. E.; Rouws, L. F. M.; ... "Bradyrhizobium ingae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Inga laurina grown in Cerrado soil". International Journal of ...
... along with Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. genistearum, Bradyrhizobium genospecies alpha and Bradyrhizobium genospecies beta". ... "Bradyrhizobium canariense" at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Bradyrhizobium canariense at BacDive - the Bacterial ... Bradyrhizobium canariense is a species of legume-root nodulating, endosymbiont nitrogen-fixing bacterium. It is acid-tolerant ... The type strain is BTA-1T (=ATCC BAA-1002T =LMG 22265T =CFNE 1008T). Vinuesa, P. (2005). "Bradyrhizobium canariense sp. nov., ...
Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei. uncultured bacterium. Bradyrhizobium elkanii. Bradyrhizobium sp. UASWS1016. Bradyrhizobium ... Bradyrhizobium sp. UFLA 03-321. Bradyrhizobium mercantei. And more. 264. UniRef90_Q3SQ36. Cluster: Thymidylate synthase. 32. ... Bradyrhizobium jicamaeImported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using automatic procedures.,/p> ,p ... tr,A0A0R3KYQ4,A0A0R3KYQ4_9BRAD Thymidylate synthase OS=Bradyrhizobium jicamae OX=280332 GN=thyA PE=3 SV=1 ...
Carbon metabolism is the most basic aspect of life. This map presents an overall view of central carbon metabolism, where the number of carbons is shown for each compound denoted by a circle, excluding a cofactor (CoA, CoM, THF, or THMPT) that is replaced by an asterisk. The map contains carbon utilization pathways of glycolysis (map00010), pentose phosphate pathway (map00030), and citrate cycle (map00020), and six known carbon fixation pathways (map00710 and map00720) as well as some pathways of methane metabolism (map00680). The six carbon fixation pathways are: (1) reductive pentose phosphate cycle (Calvin cycle) in plants and cyanobacteria that perform oxygenic photosynthesis, (2) reductive citrate cycle in photosynthetic green sulfur bacteria and some chemolithoautotrophs, (3) 3-hydroxypropionate bi-cycle in photosynthetic green nonsulfur bacteria, two variants of 4-hydroxybutyrate pathways in Crenarchaeota called (4) hydroxypropionate-hydroxybutyrate cycle and (5) ...
Despite the wide genetic diversity of these bacteria no indication was found to suggest that the Bradyrhizobium genus have to ... Despite the wide genetic diversity of these bacteria no indication was found to suggest that the Bradyrhizobium genus have to ... Different arguments are presented suggesting that nodulation might have arose in the ancestral genus Bradyrhizobium. ... Different arguments are presented suggesting that nodulation might have arose in the ancestral genus Bradyrhizobium. ...
Genus: Bradyrhizobium. Spieces: Bradyrhizobium japonicum - Bradyrhizobium sp. BTAi1 - Bradyrhizobium sp. ORS278. References. * ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum nodulates soybeans, cowpeas, mung beans, and siratro.[7]. *Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense nodulates ... Bradyrhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria, many of which fix nitrogen. Nitrogen fixation is an important part of ... Bradyrhizobium betae was isolated from tumor like root deformations on sugar beets; they have an unknown symbiotic status.[7] ...
tr,A0A0R3CWT4,A0A0R3CWT4_9BRAD 30S ribosomal protein S21 OS=Bradyrhizobium manausense OX=989370 GN=rpsU PE=3 SV=1 ...
Phosphotransferase system (PTS) - Bradyrhizobium sp. S23321 [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. genistearum. Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. glycinearum. ===Genus=== Genus species: Bradyrhizobium ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum uptakes the sugar trehalose the most rapidly and converts it to CO2. Another energy source is UDP- ... 4,5 ==Pathology== Bradyrhizobium japonicum uses its extracellular carbohydrate structures to gain entry into the host root ... However, it should be noted that the entry of Bradyrhizobium japonicum into root cells does not cause disease or damage ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum in a Soybean root nodule (Glycine max) where it establishes a nitrogen fixing symbiosis. SEM X50,000 ... Keywords: bacteria, bacterium, botany, bradyrhizobium, bradyrhizobium japonicum, brown, close-up, color enhanced, color ... Caption: The Bacteria, Bradyrhizobium japonicum in a Soybean root nodule (Glycine max) where it establishes a nitrogen fixing ...
A novel gene bank of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110spc4 was constructed using pG3DSS, a phagemid vector designed for ... Identification of Extracytoplasmic Proteins in Bradyrhizobium japonicum Using Phage Display. August 2003 , Volume 16 , Number 8 ... A novel gene bank of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110spc4 was constructed using pG3DSS, a phagemid vector designed for ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum expresses three sigma32-type transcription factors, RpoH1, RpoH2, and RpoH3, which are functional in E ... Differential degradation of Escherichia coli sigma32 and Bradyrhizobium japonicum RpoH factors by the FtsH protease.. Urech C1 ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum, a nitrogen-fixing bacterium in soil, establishes a symbiotic relationship with the leguminous soybean ...
... of Bradyrhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative, soil bacteria in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae. Many of the species of this genus ... Keywords: 99673c, alpha, alphaproteobacteria, bacilli, bacillus, bacteria, bacterium, bradyrhizobiaceae, bradyrhizobium, ... Caption: Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Bradyrhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative, soil bacteria in the family ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicum bradavidin protein: a biotin-binding protein that, due to its different immunoreactivity, may prove ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum bradavidin protein. Subscribe to New Research on Bradyrhizobium japonicum bradavidin protein ...
Structure of the soluble domain of a membrane-anchored thioredoxin-like protein from Bradyrhizobium japonicum reveals unusual ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum Fragment: SOLUBLE DOMAIN OF TLPA (RESIDUES 36-221) Gene Name(s): tlpA bll1380 ... CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE SOLUBLE DOMAIN OF TLPA FROM BRADYRHIZOBIUM JAPONICUM. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb1jfu/pdb ...
Complete Genome Sequence of the Symbiotic Strain Bradyrhizobium icense LMTR 13(T), Isolated from Lima Bean (Phaseolus lunatus) ... Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rhizobiales; Bradyrhizobiaceae; Bradyrhizobium. Data source. GenBank (Assembly: ...
Maximum likelihood trees based on sequences of nodA (A) and nodB (B) of the nod-containing Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from ... Maximum likelihood tree based on sequences of nifH genes showing classification of the Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from ... Neighbor-joining trees based on sequences of 16S rRNA genes showing classification of the Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from ... Genetic diversity, symbiotic evolution, and proposed infection process of Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from root nodules of ...
y Bradyrhizobium Sp. En El Cultivo de Algodon by Espinoza Melgar Luz Marina from Waterstones today! Click and Collect from your ... y Bradyrhizobium Sp. En El Cultivo de Algodon (Paperback). Espinoza Melgar Luz Marina (author) Sign in to write a review ...
Crystal structure of the S131A mutant of Malonamidase E2 complexed with malonate from Bradyrhizobium japonicum. *DOI: 10.2210/ ...
Search results for Bradyrhizobium sp. A partial match was found for Bradyrhizobium sp Please try browsing our store to find ...
A genome-wide transcriptional profile of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the nitrogen-fixing endosymbiont of the soybean plant, ... Effects of indole-3-acetic acid on the transcriptional activities and stress tolerance of Bradyrhizobium japonicum PLoS One. ... A genome-wide transcriptional profile of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, the nitrogen-fixing endosymbiont of the soybean plant, ...
A Proteomics Approach to Study Soybean and Its Symbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum -A Review , IntechOpen, Published on: 2013-01- ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum. B. japonicum, is a gram negative, rod shaped nitrogen fixing member of the rhizobia and is an N2- ... 132 - Godoy, L. P., Vasconcelos, A. T. R., Chueire, L. M. O., Souza, R. C. et al., Genomic panorama of Bradyrhizobium japonicum ... 3. Bradyrhizobium japonicum and its proteomics/exoproteomics. Culturing bacteria in vitro can cause changes in the bacterial ...
Dual Roles of Bradyrhizobium japonicumNickelin Protein in Nickel Storage and GTP-Dependent Ni Mobilization. Jonathan W. Olson, ... The hydrogenase accessory protein HypB, or nickelin, has two functions in the N2-fixing, H2-oxidizing bacterium Bradyrhizobium ... Dual Roles of Bradyrhizobium japonicumNickelin Protein in Nickel Storage and GTP-Dependent Ni Mobilization ... Dual Roles of Bradyrhizobium japonicumNickelin Protein in Nickel Storage and GTP-Dependent Ni Mobilization ...
Bradyrhizobium sp X S21. View. View. View. Insecticide. No. Not Listed. Related. 9. Bradyrhizobium spum. View. View. View. ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum WB 74. View. View. View. Insecticide. No. Not Listed. Related. 9. Bradyrhizobium sp Luinus VK. View. ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum WB 74 Bradyrhizobium japonicum PAN Bad Actors. PAN Dirty Dozen list. Not Listed. Not Listed. Not ... Bradyrhizobium japonicum WB 74 Bradyrhizobium japonicum Illinois EPA list. Keith list. Colborn list. Benbrook list. Danish ...
Search results for Bradyrhizobium sp. STM 3843. A partial match was found for Bradyrhizobium sp. STM 3843 Please try browsing ...
Bradyrhizobium japonicumexists both as a free-living soil organism and as a symbiotic bacteroid that fixes N2 in the low-O2 ... The Bradyrhizobium japonicum coxWXYZ gene cluster encodes a bb3-type ubiquinol oxidase. Gene 183 1996 201 206 ... Genetic analysis of the cytochrome c-aa3 branch of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum respiratory chain. Mol. Microbiol. 4 1990 2147 ... Symbiotic Deficiencies Associated with acoxWXYZ Mutant of Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Marci Ann Surpin, Robert J. Maier ...
... along with Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. genistearum, Bradyrhizobium genospecies alpha and Bradyrhizobium genospecies beta. Int ... Bradyrhizobium guangdongense sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium guangxiense sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of peanut. Int. ... Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium ferriligni sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Erythrophleum ... Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium ferriligni sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Erythrophleum ...
BphP3B BTAi1 controls the peripheral LH synthesis in Bradyrhizobium BTAi1. (A) Absorption spectra of Bradyrhizobium BTAi1 cells ... For both the Bradyrhizobium ORS278 and Bradyrhizobium BTAi1 strains, which photosynthesize under conditions where harmful ... acquired by a lateral gene transfer in Bradyrhizobium ORS278, is absent in Bradyrhizobium BTAi1. One putative function of the ... to the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium denitrificans (comb. nov.). Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 29 : 207-215. ...
Plant tests showed that symbionts related to four named species as well as a novel Bradyrhizobium lineage were highly efficient ... septentrionalis) is proposed based on a group of four novel Bradyrhizobium spp. that possess distinctive nodC and nifH gene ... Soybeans inoculated with root zone soils of Canadian native legumes harbour diverse and novel Bradyrhizobium spp. that possess ... Diverse lineages of non-symbiotic and symbiotic Bradyrhizobium spp. co-occured within monophyletic clusters in a phylogenetic ...
  • Bradyrhizobium ingae is a bacterium from the genus of Bradyrhizobium which has been isolated from the nodules of the tree Inga laurina in Cerrado in Brazil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whole genome analysis of the Bradyrhizobium genus using average nucleotide identity (ANI) and phylogenomics showed the genus to be essentially monophyletic with seven robust groups within this taxon that includes nitrogen-fixing nodule forming bacteria as well as free living strains. (frontiersin.org)
  • Despite the wide genetic diversity of these bacteria no indication was found to suggest that the Bradyrhizobium genus have to split in different taxa. (frontiersin.org)
  • Different arguments are presented suggesting that nodulation might have arose in the ancestral genus Bradyrhizobium . (frontiersin.org)
  • Bradyrhizobium strains were previously designated the slow growing Rhizobium and recognized as an independent genus in 1982 ( Jordan, 1982 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Bradyrhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative soil bacteria , many of which fix nitrogen . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Curated}} {{Biorealm Genus}} ==Classification== Gram-negative nitrogen fixing bacteria ===Higher order taxa=== Domain: Bacteria, Phylum: Proteobacteria, Class: Alphaproteobacteria, Order: Rhizobiales, Family: Bradyrhizobiaceae*1 Strains: Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain USDA 110. (kenyon.edu)
  • Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Bradyrhizobium is a genus of Gram-negative, soil bacteria in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The isolated strains were nonphotosynthetic bacteria and were assigned to the genus Bradyrhizobium, in which B. yuanmingense was the dominant species. (nih.gov)
  • RAMÍREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), CHAHBOUNE (R.), PEIX (A.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. (bacterio.net)
  • Soils contain numerous strains belonging to the bacterial genus Bradyrhizobium , which establish symbioses with a variety of legumes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A database for the taxonomic and phylogenetic identification of the Bradyrhizobium , genus, using MLSA, will facilitate the use of biological data available through an intuitive web interface. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The combination of phenotypic characteristics from several tests, including carbon source utilization and antibiotic resistance, could be used to differentiate representative strains of species of the genus Bradyrhizobium with validly published names. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that Agromonas oligotrophica LMG 10732 T ( = JCM 1494 T ) is located within the genus Bradyrhizobium , with Bradyrhizobium denitrificans LMG 8443 T as its closest relative, showing 99.6 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identity. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Agromonas oligotrophica is also genotypically and phenotypically different from the remaining species of the genus Bradyrhizobium , and we therefore propose the reclassification of Agromonas oligotrophica into the genus Bradyrhizobium as Bradyrhizobium oligotrophicum comb. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Many bacteria of the genus Bradyrhizobium are capable of inducing nodules in legumes. (researchsquare.com)
  • In this work, the importance of a type VI secretion system (T6SS) in a symbiotic strain of the genus Bradyrhizobium is described. (researchsquare.com)
  • These sequences were computationally assembled into a 7.65-Mb draft genome showing a high degree of homology with genomes of bacteria in the bradyrhizobium genus. (uab.edu)
  • Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA and three housekeeping genes placed both strains within the genus Bradyrhizobium strain BR 3267 was closest to B. yuanmingense and BR 3262 to B. pachyrhizi. (bvsalud.org)
  • Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all isolates were ascribed to the genus Bradyrhizobium and were grouped into three clusters of Bradyrhizobium sp. (cgiar.org)
  • In Bradyrhizobium chromosomes there are symbiosis islands which carry nod and nif genes that are responsible for nodulation and nitrogen fixation, respectively. (frontiersin.org)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum infects the roots and establishes a nitrogen fixing symbiosis. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The Bacteria, Bradyrhizobium japonicum in a Soybean root nodule (Glycine max) where it establishes a nitrogen fixing symbiosis. (sciencephoto.com)
  • nov., and a new symbiovar (tropici) of Bradyrhizobium viridifuturi establish symbiosis with Centrosema species native to America. (bacterio.net)
  • Genetic divergence of bradyrhizobium strains nodulating soybeans as revealed by multilocus sequence analysis of genes inside and outside the symbiosis island. (semanticscholar.org)
  • To obtain the basic information for suitable use of soybean-Bradyrhizobium japonicum symbiosis, on soybean cv. (ndsl.kr)
  • Iron is essential in the agriculturally important symbiosis between Bradyrhizobium japonicum and soybean . (dartmouth.edu)
  • A reference is made in the following section to the most commonly selected strains ( Bradyrhizobium and Rhizobium ), as well as the beneficial role that rhizobial exopolysaccharides (EPS) and T6SS can have in an effective symbiosis and therefore in BNF. (frontiersin.org)
  • The nitrogen fixation (nif) genes of nodule-forming Bradyrhizobium strains are generally located on symbiosis islands or symbiosis plasmids, suggesting that these genes have been transferred laterally. (elsevier.com)
  • These results suggest that nif genes on symbiosis islands were derived from the non-symbiotic loci of Bradyrhizobium or closely related strains and have evolved toward a lower GC content with a higher substitution rate than the ancestral state. (elsevier.com)
  • These results suggest that nif genes on symbiosis plasmids were derived from the non-symbiotic loci of Bradyrhizobium and have evolved with a similar evolutionary pattern and rate as the ancestral state. (elsevier.com)
  • Bradyrhizobium canariense is a species of legume-root nodulating, endosymbiont nitrogen-fixing bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum , a nitrogen-fixing bacterium in soil, establishes a symbiotic relationship with the leguminous soybean plant. (apsnet.org)
  • Soil bacterium (Bradyrhizobium sp. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The hydrogenase accessory protein HypB, or nickelin, has two functions in the N 2 -fixing, H 2 -oxidizing bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum . (asm.org)
  • One putative function of this LH complex could be to evacuate excess light energy in order to protect Bradyrhizobium strain BTAi1, an aerobic anoxygenic photosynthetic bacterium, against photooxidative damage during photosynthesis. (asm.org)
  • The corresponding newly discovered bacterium was provisionally named Bradyrhizobium enterica. (uab.edu)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum is a Gram-negative soil bacterium commonly known for its agriculturally significant mutualistic relationship with soybean. (jmu.edu)
  • Bradyrhizobium is one of the several genera of nitrogen fixing bacteria capable of forming symbiotic nodules in legumes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Description and significance== ''Bradyrhizobium japonicum'' is gram-negative, rod shaped, nitrogen fixing bacteria that forms a symbiotic relationship with Glycine max, a soybean plant. (kenyon.edu)
  • Cell structure and metabolism== Gram-negative soil bacteria of the family Rhizobiaceae such as ''Bradyrhizobium japonicum'', synthesize a variety of cell-surface carbohydrates. (kenyon.edu)
  • During the past several years, research in our laboratory has focused on the cyclic β-glucans of bacteria within the Sinorhizobium and Bradyrhizobium genera ( 8 , 9 ). (asm.org)
  • Nodulation is the result of a mutualistic interaction between legumes and symbiotic soil bacteria (e.g. soybean [ Glycine max ] and Bradyrhizobium japonicum ) initiated by the infection of plant root hair cells by the symbiont. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In previous studies, evidence that the Bradyrhizobium japonicum lectin, designated BJ38, mediated the observed carbohydrate-specific binding activities of the bacteria, including the saccharide-specific adhesion to soybean root cells was presented. (mysciencework.com)
  • The multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) methodology, which includes analysis of housekeeping genes, has been shown to be promising and powerful for defining bacterial species, and, in this study, it was applied to Bradyrhizobium , species, increasing our understanding of the diversity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Interaction Effect of Skipping Irrigation and Co-inoculation with Bradyrhizobium and Some Strains of Bacillus Bacteria on Growth Dynamics of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) Its Yield and Water Productivity', Egyptian Journal of Soil Science , 60(2), pp. 167-181. (ekb.eg)
  • Certain strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum form a previously unknown polysaccharide in the root nodules of soybean plants (Glycine max (L.) Merr. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Identification of pH tolerant Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains and their symbiotic effectiveness in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr. (ajol.info)
  • A prominent, rhizobial model organism is Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110, a symbiont of the soybean plant Glycine max [ 2 , 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this section, we summarize data on the history and evolution of studies on Bradyrhizobium in soybean ( Glycine max ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Kroz simbiozni odnos kvržične bakterije Bradyrhizobium japonicum (mikrosimbionta) i soje (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) (makrosimbionta) moguće je fiksirati atmosferski dušik. (nsk.hr)
  • Pemberian Ekstrak Ganggang Cokelat dan Bradyrhizobium Japonicum untuk Meningkatkan Hara Nitrogen dan Produksi Tanaman Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merr. (usu.ac.id)
  • The degree of reaction of antioxidant enzymes in the studied symbiotic systems Glycine max - Bradyrhizobium japonicum depends on the nature of the active substance fungicides and the manifestation of their joint effect in a complex with rhizobia incubated with lectin. (dp.ua)
  • Rhizobitoxine-producing (RT + ) strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum , differing in their abilities to induce foliar chlorosis with 'Forrest' soybean ( Glycine max [L.] Merr. (springer.com)
  • Methyl jasmonate, alone or in combination with genistein, and Bradyrhizobium japonicum increases soybean ( Glycine max L.) plant dry matter production and grain yield under short season conditions. (mcgill.ca)
  • Pre-incubation of Bradyrhizobium japonicum with jasmonates accelerates nodulation and nitrogen fixation in soybean ( Glycine max ) at optimal and suboptimal root zone temperatures. (mcgill.ca)
  • Bradyrhizobium , the slow (growing) Rhizobium . (bacterio.net)
  • JORDAN (D.C.) Transfer of Rhizobium japonicum Buchanan 1980 to Bradyrhizobium sp. (bacterio.net)
  • Reports on legume nodulation by Bradyrhizobium strains in Brazil are quite abundant, mainly in terms of legumes and bradyrhizobial isolates diversity. (frontiersin.org)
  • We propose the construction of an online database that will provide information and tools using MLSA to improve phylogenetic and taxonomic characterization of Bradyrhizobium , allowing the comparison of genomic sequences with those of type and representative strains of each species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Isolation and characterization of Bradyrhizobium sp. (univ-toulouse.fr)
  • However, Agromonas oligotrophica LMG 10732 T and Bradyrhizobium denitrificans LMG 8443 T can be distinguished by housekeeping gene sequence analysis, phenotypic characterization and DNA-DNA hybridization. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • 2000. Molecular characterization of a gene region involved in lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis in Bradyrhizobium japonicum: Cloning, sequencing and expression of rfaf gene. (kisti.re.kr)
  • 2002. Characterization of the rfaD gene region of Bradyrhizobium japonicum 61A101C. (kisti.re.kr)
  • Characterization of Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from soybean cultivation in Thailand. (nii.ac.jp)
  • despite being in different classes , Bradyrhizobium and Klebsiella pneumoniae have similar genes for fixing nitrogen ? (thefullwiki.org)
  • A novel gene bank of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 spc 4 was constructed using pG3DSS, a phagemid vector designed for detecting genes encoding secreted proteins. (apsnet.org)
  • Neighbor-joining trees based on sequences of 16S rRNA genes showing classification of the Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from nodules of A. americana. (nih.gov)
  • Maximum likelihood tree based on combined sequences of housekeeping genes ( dnaK , recA , and glnB ), showing classification of divergent nod -containing Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from nodules of A. americana. (nih.gov)
  • FixK2 is a regulatory protein that activates a large number of genes for the anoxic and microoxic, endosymbiotic, and nitrogen-fixing life styles of the α-proteobacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum. (uzh.ch)
  • Phylogenetic analyses of five housekeeping genes ( dnaK , glnII , gyrB , recA and rpoB ) revealed Bradyrhizobium iriomotense EK05 T ( = LMG 24129 T ) to be the most closely related type strain (95.7 % sequence similarity or less). (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • However, due to the high conservation of Bradyrhizobium 16S rRNA genes - considered as the backbone of the taxonomy of prokaryotes - few species have been delineated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The nif genes of rhizobial and non-rhizobial Bradyrhizobium strains were compared in order to infer the evolutionary histories of nif genes. (elsevier.com)
  • We isolated 11 low-indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-producing mutants of Bradyrhizobium elkanii by Tn5 mutagenesis. (elsevier.com)
  • while BR 3262 was similar to Bradyrhizobium elkanii and Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi. (bvsalud.org)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum exists both as a free-living soil organism and as a symbiotic bacteroid that fixes N 2 in the low-O 2 environment of the legume root nodule (see references 1 and 2 ). (asm.org)
  • The homologous proteins of Pseudomonas putida and Bradyrhizobium japonicum (isozymes 1 and 2) function as nopaline- and octopine-specific dye-linked dehydrogenases, to yield α-ketoglutarate + L-arginine and pyruvate + L-arginine, respectively. (intechopen.com)
  • Simultaneous interaction of Arabidopsis thaliana with Bradyrhizobium sp strain ORS278 and Pseudomonas syriugae pv. (mpg.de)
  • A novel extracellular low-molecular-weight polysaccharide was detected as a contaminant within extracellular cyclic β-1,6-β-1,3-glucan preparations from Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110 cultures. (asm.org)
  • Analysis of two polyhydroxyalkanoate synthases in Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110. (semanticscholar.org)
  • We performed dRNA-seq of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110, the nitrogen-fixing symbiont of soybean, and developed algorithms to map TSSs and promoters. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The interaction of the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines Hg Type 0 and Bradyrhizobium japonicum were studied on two resistant and susceptible soybean cultivars, DPX and JK respectively under sterilized soil and natural infested field soil. (sid.ir)
  • These results show that a great variability can be detected following adaptation of Bradyrhizobium strains to the soil, although other potential explanations for the DNA polymorphisms observed are discussed. (mendeley.com)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum significantly affected increase number and weight of root nodule, shoot dry and root weight, and number of seed, but not significantly affected increase soil pH, C-organic, N absorption, plant height, number of branch, seed dry weight, and decrease N-availability of soil and plant.The best result was found in the combination of 20% brown seaweed extract concentrartion. (usu.ac.id)
  • Lupins is nodulated by the soil microorganism Bradyrhizobium sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • The continuous development of soybean cultivars aiming at higher yields can result in a demand of N supply higher than the standard inoculation with Bradyrhizobium species. (academicjournals.org)
  • Employing a completely randomized design with four replicates, this study aimed to evaluate the agronomic performance of two different methods of standard inoculation of Bradyrhizobium spp. (academicjournals.org)
  • The results demonstrated that the co-inoculation of Bradyrhizobium spp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Results showed that under main effects of fertilization types, inoculation with Bradyrhizobium japonicum , irrespective of variety gave the highest biomass per plant (13.61 g) and grain yield of 3.44 t ha 1 while nodules and root weights were statistically higher under SSP fertilization. (scialert.net)
  • This investigation was carried out in order to gain a better understanding of the effect of Bradyrhizobium inoculation and fertilization on the nutritional values of macro- and micronutrients of cowpea intercropped with sorghum in the field under rainfed conditions. (uofk.edu)
  • Despite Bradyrhizobium inoculation treatment alone showed variable effects on the concentration of all nutrients in cowpea seeds in both cropping system. (uofk.edu)
  • The results of Bradyrhizobium inoculation together with P and N fertilization significantly (p≤0.05) improved both major and trace minerals composition of the seeds in intercropped plant. (uofk.edu)
  • A field experiment was conducted at Sakha Agricultural Research Station, Kafr El- Sheikh Governorate, North Nile Delta area, Egypt during the two successive growing seasons 2018 and 2019 to assess the interaction effect of skipping irrigation and co-inoculation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.), with Bradyrhizobium sp. (ekb.eg)
  • while inoculation treatments were assign to sub main plots which were T1: inoculation with Bradyrhizobium sp. (ekb.eg)
  • T2: inoculation with Bradyrhizobium sp. (ekb.eg)
  • Irrigation at all stages accompanied with inoculation with Bradyrhizobium + B. circulance (I1T4 treatment) gave the highest number of pods plant-1, 100 seed weight and yield which the corresponding decrease in yield was 11.8, 1.4 and 0.4 %, for flowering, vegetative and pod formation stages, respectively. (ekb.eg)
  • Thus, inoculation with Bradyrhizobium sp. (ekb.eg)
  • The treatments consisted of single inoculation of five rhizobial strains - BR 3267, BR 3262, INPA 03-11B, UFLA 03-84 ( Bradyrhizobium sp. (scielo.br)
  • Within these root nodules, ''Bradyrhizobium japonicum'' is located in symbiosomes derived from the plant membrane. (kenyon.edu)
  • Genetic diversity, symbiotic evolution, and proposed infection process of Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from root nodules of Aeschynomene america. (nih.gov)
  • Maximum likelihood trees based on sequences of nodA (A) and nodB (B) of the nod -containing Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from nodules of A. americana. (nih.gov)
  • PDF] Formation of Novel Polysaccharides by Bradyrhizobium japonicum Bacteroids in Soybean Nodules. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Eight strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum were isolated from the root nodules of soybean cultivar PK 472 collected from Adaptive Trial Centre, Bundi, India. (ajol.info)
  • A strain of Bradyrhizobium japonicum that lacks the gene for proline biosynthesis cannot develop nodules on soybeans and cannot fix nitrogen. (readabstracts.com)
  • [ 1 ] This means that one species of Bradyrhizobium may only be able to nodulate one legume species, whereas other Bradyrhizobium species may be able to nodulate several legume species. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Two Bradyrhizobium strains from distantly related legume hosts ( Leobordea spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Phylogeny and nitrogen fixation potential of Bradyrhizobium species isolated from the legume cover crop Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb. (cgiar.org)
  • nov., an acid-tolerant endosymbiont that nodulates endemic genistoid legumes (Papilionoideae: Genisteae) from the Canary Islands, along with Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. (wikipedia.org)
  • 9 ==Ecology== ''Bradyrhizobium japonicum'' has a symbiotic relationship with legumes, or more specifically soybean plants. (kenyon.edu)
  • Soybeans inoculated with root zone soils of Canadian native legumes harbour diverse and novel Bradyrhizobium spp. (gc.ca)
  • Therefore this liquid formulation of Bradyrhizobium will open a new avenue in the organic cultivation of soybean and associated legumes in the farming arenas of Bangladesh. (michigansciencecenter.net)
  • Strain Th.b2 is a representative of a widely distributed Bradyrhizobium lineage used by several common legumes indigenous to forested habitats in eastern North America. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110, a soybean symbiont, is capable of accumulating a large amount of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) as an intracellular carbon storage polymer during free-living growth. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A DNA microarray, comprising 70-mer oligonucleotides, representing 8,453 open reading frames (ORFs), was constructed based on the Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain USDA110 genomic sequence. (umn.edu)
  • The symbiotic effectiveness of isolates from these soils was compared to that of Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain USDA110. (edu.gh)
  • 16S rRNA gene sequences were most similar to Bradyrhizobium manausense BR 3351 T , with Bradyrhizobium ganzhouense RITF806 T being the most closely related type strain in the phylogenetic analysis, and Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense CCBAU 10071 T in the ITS sequence analysis. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Draft genome sequences of Bradyrhizobium shewense sp. (doe.gov)
  • KNUSTSpace: Population size, distribution, and symbiotic characteristics of indigenous Bradyrhizobium spp. (edu.gh)
  • TGx) populations is unlikely to support optimum BNF enough for high soybean yields while the presence of B. japonicum (Clark) in research fields has the potential to compromise the selection pressure anticipated from the indigenous Bradyrhizobium spp. (edu.gh)
  • A liquid formulation of an indigenous, rhizospheric, potentially virulent Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain (APEXBJ2) was developed by amending synthetic production medium with nontoxic polymers like Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) and Na-alginate. (michigansciencecenter.net)
  • Complete Genome Sequence of the Symbiotic Strain Bradyrhizobium icense LMTR 13(T), Isolated from Lima Bean (Phaseolus lunatus) in Peru. (kegg.jp)
  • High-quality permanent draft genome sequence of Bradyrhizobium sp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here we provide an analysis of the high-quality permanent draft genome sequence of Bradyrhizobium strain Ai1a.1. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Description and complete genome sequence of bradyrhizobium amphicarpaeae sp. (gc.ca)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the comparative effects of Bradyrhizobium japonicum inoculant and single super phosphate (SSP) on growth and yield parameters of three improved soybeans genotypes. (scialert.net)
  • Microevolution of symbiotic Bradyrhizobium populations associated with soybeans in east North America. (gc.ca)
  • The exopolysaccharide (EPS) is an extracellular molecule that in Bradyrhizobium japonicum affects bacterial efficiency to nodulate soybean. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Differential degradation of Escherichia coli sigma32 and Bradyrhizobium japonicum RpoH factors by the FtsH protease. (nih.gov)
  • Analysis of the Bradyrhizobium japonicum hemH gene and its expression in Escherichia coli. (readabstracts.com)
  • We also tested the role of the T3SS in the ability of the DOA9 strain to endophytically colonize rice roots, but detected no effect of the T3SS mutation, in contrast to what was previously reported in the Bradyrhizobium SUTN9-2 strain. (ird.fr)
  • The tested treatments consisted of the absence of N fertilizer and inoculant, full N recommendation, two single inoculations with Bradyrhizobium spp. (academicjournals.org)
  • In literature, Bradyrhizobium isolates successfully reduced symptoms of diseases caused by Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium solani, and Fusarium spp. (iastate.edu)
  • Bradyrhizobium isolates could be placed in four symbiotic phenotype groups based on their effectiveness on a TGx soybean genotype and the North American cultivar Clark IV. (edu.gh)
  • Phylogenetic study based on16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the isolate has 100 % of similarity with several Bradyrhizobium and was accordingly designated as Bradyrhizobium sp. (univ-toulouse.fr)
  • The Fur protein is not required for iron metabolism in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. (readabstracts.com)
  • Bradyrhizobium Jordan 1982, gen. nov. (bacterio.net)
  • Bradyrhizobium japonicum (Kirchner 1896) Jordan 1982. (bacterio.net)
  • 2013, Bradyrhizobium Jordan 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Agromonas Ohta and Hattori 1985. (bacterio.net)
  • In a survey of 420 Bradyrhizobium strains from 25 countries [ 1 ], only 2% of the strains had this 23S rRNA length variant. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Huynh, Tra Thi Thanh, "Biocontrol potential of Bradyrhizobium japonicum against soybean sudden death syndrome" (2019). (iastate.edu)
  • Bradyrhizobium paxllaeri Durán et al. (dsmz.de)
  • B. diazoefficiens CPAC 7 e B. japonicum CPAC 15 são estirpes brasileiras de Bradyrhizobium que apresentam grande relevância para o cultivo da soja, pois são capazes de fornecer nitrogênio para a produção desta leguminosa através do processo de fixação biológica de nitrogênio (FBN), uma técnica sustentável e de baixo custo. (usp.br)
  • B. diazoefficiens CPAC 7 and B. japonicum CPAC 15 are Brazilian Bradyrhizobium strains of great importance for soybean cultivation, since when in a symbiotic state they provide nitrogen for the crop through the biological nitrogen fixation process (BNF), a sustainable technique and low cost. (usp.br)
  • We explored this question by analyzing the genetic and symbiotic evolution of two Bradyrhizobium strains inoculated on Acacia mangium in Malaysia and Senegal 15 and 5 years, respectively, after their introduction. (ceraas.org)
  • Almaz and Bradyrhizobium japonicum (standard strain 634b) incubated with lectin. (dp.ua)