A plant genus in the family POACEAE. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for functional genomics studies.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
A group of seed storage proteins restricted to the POACEAE family. They are rich in GLUTAMINE and PROLINE.
Nutritive tissue of the seeds of flowering plants that surrounds the EMBRYOS. It is produced by a parallel process of fertilization in which a second male gamete from the pollen grain fuses with two female nuclei within the embryo sac. The endosperm varies in ploidy and contains reserves of starch, oils, and proteins, making it an important source of human nutrition.
The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.
A PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE containing enzyme that catalyzes the transfer amino group from L-TRYPTOPHAN to 2-oxoglutarate in order to generate indolepyruvate and L-GLUTAMATE.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Mapping of the linear order of genes on a chromosome with units indicating their distances by using methods other than genetic recombination. These methods include nucleotide sequencing, overlapping deletions in polytene chromosomes, and electron micrography of heteroduplex DNA. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 5th ed)
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
A plant family of the order Primulales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive cold. In humans, a fall in skin temperature triggers gasping, hypertension, and hyperventilation.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The capacity of an organism to defend itself against pathological processes or the agents of those processes. This most often involves innate immunity whereby the organism responds to pathogens in a generic way. The term disease resistance is used most frequently when referring to plants.
A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.
Biosynthesis of GLUCOSE from nonhexose or non-carbohydrate precursors, such as LACTATE; PYRUVATE; ALANINE; and GLYCEROL.
The removal of a carboxyl group, usually in the form of carbon dioxide, from a chemical compound.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
In bacteria, a group of metabolically related genes, with a common promoter, whose transcription into a single polycistronic MESSENGER RNA is under the control of an OPERATOR REGION.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
The systematic study of the global gene expression changes due to EPIGENETIC PROCESSES and not due to DNA base sequence changes.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
A genus of nematode intestinal parasites that consists of several species. A. duodenale is the common hookworm in humans. A. braziliense, A. ceylonicum, and A. caninum occur primarily in cats and dogs, but all have been known to occur in humans.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. Geranium is also used as a common name for PELARGONIUM.
A genus of destructive root-parasitic OOMYCETES in the family Pythiaceae, order Peronosporales, commonly found in cultivated soils all over the world. Differentiation of zoospores takes place in a vesicle.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
DNA-dependent DNA polymerases found in bacteria, animal and plant cells. During the replication process, these enzymes catalyze the addition of deoxyribonucleotide residues to the end of a DNA strand in the presence of DNA as template-primer. They also possess exonuclease activity and therefore function in DNA repair.

Patching gaps in plant genomes results in gene movement and erosion of colinearity. (1/87)

 (+info)

Conservation, rearrangement, and deletion of gene pairs during the evolution of four grass genomes. (2/87)

 (+info)

Ancestral grass karyotype reconstruction unravels new mechanisms of genome shuffling as a source of plant evolution. (3/87)

 (+info)

Annotation and comparative analysis of the glycoside hydrolase genes in Brachypodium distachyon. (4/87)

 (+info)

Brachypodium distachyon grain: characterization of endosperm cell walls. (5/87)

 (+info)

Endosperm development in Brachypodium distachyon. (6/87)

 (+info)

OsLEA1a, a new Em-like protein of cereal plants. (7/87)

 (+info)

Expression, splicing, and evolution of the myosin gene family in plants. (8/87)

 (+info)

Brachypodium distachyon has been proposed as a new model for the temperate grass because it is related to the major cereal grain species (such as wheat, barley, oat, maize, rice, and sorghum) and many forage and turf species. In this study, a multivariate statistical analysis was performed to investigate the characteristics of codon bias and the main factors affecting synonymous codon usage in Brachypodium. We found that low- and high-GC content genes with different codon usage occur frequently in the genome.
Citation: Vogel, J.P., Gu, Y.Q., Twigg, P., Lazo, G.R., Chingcuanco, D.L., Hayden, D.M., Donze, T., Vivia-Lindsay, A., Stamova, B., Coleman-Derr, D. 2006. EST sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the model grass brachypodium distachyon. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 113: 186-195. Interpretive Summary: Brachypodium distachyon is a small grass that serves as a model system for the temperate grasses (i.e. forage grasses and cereals). Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) are short DNA sequences from random cDNAs (genes). ESTs are useful tools for many functional and physical genomic experiments including the construction of microarrays and the development of molecular markers. This paper describes the sequencing of a large collection of ESTs from five different cDNA libraries. Analysis of the ESTs included the identification of putative lignin biosynthetic genes and the construction of phylogentic trees that demonstrated the close relationship of Brachypodium to wheat and barley. Technical ...
Proteinase inhibitors (PIs) are established markers for wound- and especially jasmonate-mediated signalling in dicot species such as tomato and potato. Differential screening of a cDNA library constructed from RNA isolated from wounded leaves of the grass Brachypodium distachyon led to the identification of a proteinase inhibitor gene (Bdpin1). Bdpin1 exhibited the highest homology to the subtilisin/chymotrypsin-inhibiting subgroup of the pin1 class of plant PIs. Northern analyses indicated that Bdpin1 was induced within 6 h at the site of wounding and systemically, by 24 h, thereby providing evidence for long-distance signalling in grasses. Bdpin1 also proved to be more rapidly induced in susceptible than in resistant ecotypes of B. distachyon following challenge with the Rice blast pathogen, Magnaporthe grisea. Screening with chemical signals indicated that Bdpin1 could be induced with MeJA but not with the putative mimic of salicylic acid, benzothiadiazole. Genomic Southern hybridization was ...
Nitrogen availability often restricts primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are ubiquitous symbionts of terrestrial plants and can improve plant nitrogen acquisition, but have a limited ability to access organic nitrogen. Although other soil biota mineralize organic nitrogen into bioavailable forms, they may simultaneously compete for nitrogen, with unknown consequences for plant nutrition. Here, we show that synergies between the mycorrhizal fungus Rhizophagus irregularis and soil microbial communities have a highly non-additive effect on nitrogen acquisition by the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. These multipartite microbial synergies result in a doubling of the nitrogen that mycorrhizal plants acquire from organic matter and a tenfold increase in nitrogen acquisition compared to non-mycorrhizal plants grown in the absence of soil microbial communities. This previously unquantified multipartite relationship may contribute to more than 70 Tg of ...
The main aim of this work is the evaluation of the genetic diversity existing in a collection of 23 wild populations of Brachypodium distachyon, collected in diverse regions of the Iberian Peninsula, using two recently marketed lines as reference. The estimation of this variability has been done with the use of two types of markers. The first is biochemical and consists in the study of the endosperm proteins. The second concerns the molecular analysis of inter-microsatellites (ISSRs). A preliminary evaluation of the response of immature zygotic embryos from samples of all the populations to the in vitro culture has also been carried out. Considering the results obtained and the autogamous reproduction system of Brachypodium distachyon, the collection analysed constitutes an excellent plant material for the production of pure lines, after domestication and mass selection, which would be a valuable resource in the recovery of degraded soils, and to bulk up material for development of ...
Brachypodium distachyon ( Brachypodium) has emerged as a useful model system for studying traits unique to graminaceous species including bioenergy crop grasses owing to its amenability to laboratory experimentation and the availability of extensive genetic and germplasm resources. Considerable natural variation has been uncovered for a variety of traits including flowering time, vernalization responsiveness, and above-ground growth characteristics. However, cell wall composition differences remain underexplored. Therefore, we assessed cell wall-related traits relevant to biomass conversion to biofuels in seven Brachypodium inbred lines that were chosen based on their high level of genotypic diversity as well as available genome sequences and recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. Senesced stems plus leaf sheaths from these lines exhibited significant differences in acetyl bromide soluble lignin (ABSL), cell wall polysaccharide-derived sugars, hydroxycinnamates content, and ...
Use of the dicot annual Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) as a model system continues to revolutionize our understanding of plant biology, but the development of alternative plant models promises to address numerous knowledge gaps. Especially relevant is the development of additional models for the agriculturally important grasses. Leading this charge is the emerging grass model system Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium). Brachypodium is a monocotyledonous, C3 temperate grass genus in the family Poaceae, subfamily Pooideae, which is closely related to wheat, oats, and barley [1, 2]. Like Arabidopsis, Brachypodium has many advantageous features for genetic research, including small size, simple growth requirements, and a relatively small genome with diploid accessions [3, 4]. While it would be preferable to directly study food crops (e.g., wheat) and biofuel crops (e.g., switchgrass), they are generally lacking in many of the desirable features that make Brachypodium such an excellent model ...
While many aspects of plant cell wall polymer structure are known, their spatial and temporal distribution within the stem are not well understood. Here, we studied vascular system and fiber development, which has implication for both biofuel feedstock conversion efficiency and crop yield. The subject of this study, Brachypodium distachyon, has emerged as a grass model for food and energy crop research. Here, we conducted our investigation using B. distachyon by applying various histological approaches and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to the stem internode from three key developmental stages. While vascular bundle size and number did not change over time, the size of the interfascicular region increased dramatically, as did cell wall thickness. We also describe internal stem internode anatomy and demonstrate that lignin deposition continues after crystalline cellulose and xylan accumulation ceases. The vascular bundle anatomy of B. distachyon appears to be highly similar to domesticated
Interactions between plants and compatible fungal pathogens are spatially and temporally dynamic, posing a major challenge for sampling and data analysis. A protocol is described for the infection of the model grass species Brachypodium distachyon with Magnaporthe grisea (rice blast), together with modifications to extend the use to rice and barley. We outline a method for the preparation of long-term stocks of virulent fungal pathogens and for the generation of fungal inoculants for challenge of host plants. Host plant growth, pathogen inoculation and plant sampling protocols are presented together with methods for assessing the efficiency of both infection and sampling procedures. Included in the anticipated results is a description of the use of metabolite fingerprinting and multivariate data analysis to assess disease synchrony and validate system reproducibility between experiments. The design concepts will have value in any studies using biological systems that contain dynamic variance ...
Plants reduce inorganic carbon to synthesize biomass that is comprised of mostly polysaccharides and lignin. Growth is intricately regulated by external cues such as light, temperature, and water availability and internal cues including those generated by the circadian clock. While many aspects of polymer biosynthesis are known, their regulation and distribution within the stem are poorly understood. Plant biomass is perhaps the most abundant organic substance on Earth and can be used as feedstock for energy production. Various grass species are under development as energy crops yet several of their attributes make them challenging research subjects. Brachypodium distachyon has emerged as a grass model for food and energy crop research. I studied rhythmic growth, a phenomenon important to understanding how plant biomass accumulates through time, and vascular system development, which has biofuel feedstock conversion efficiency and yield. Growth rate changes within the course of a day in a sinusoidal
0.375, 0.500 and 0.625 kg imazapyr/ha and combinations of 5.0 kg atrazine + 1.9 kg amitrole or 8.0 kg diuron + 1.9 kg amitrole/ha were evaluated for roadside control of Cruciferae, Umbelliferae, Compositae, Papilionaceae [Leguminosae] and grasses (mostly Brachypodium distachyon and Lophochloa phleoides). Treatments were applied post-em. to weeds 40-50 cm tall. Imazapyr acted very slowly with the first symptoms visible only 4 weeks after application and complete control evident 4 months later. The highest application rate achieved complete control of all annual weeds and inhibition of growth of the perennial Andropogon distachyos. Atrazine + amitrole and diuron + amitrole provided good control of annual weeds. In further trials on a roadside verge in the Ayalon Valley 0.375, 0.500 and 0.625 kg imazapyr, 4.0 kg diuron + 2.5 kg atrazine and 3.2 kg diuron + 0.8 kg bromacil/ha were applied post-em. to weeds 15-40 cm tall. 6 months after application 0.625 kg imazapyr provided excellent weed control, ...
Brachypodium distachyon is a small annual grass that researchers use as a model for the grasses used to produce biomass, food, feed and forage. Unlike the grasses grown as crops, B. distachyon is well suited to experimental manipulation in the laboratory because of its small size, compact genome, diploid nature, self compatibility, rapid generation time and simple growth requirements. In addition, numerous resources and methods (e.g. complete genome sequence, high efficiency transformation, large collections of natural accessions, many sequenced accessions and several RIL populations) are available that allow researchers to apply a suite of modern research methods to understand the unique aspects of grass biology. See here for a review of B. distachyon as a model system.. In addition to B. distachyon, other species in the genus are being used to study polyploidy (B. hybridum and B. stacei) and perenniality (B. sylvaticum).. Below are links to announcements and experimental resources and ...
International Journal of Genomics is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes research articles as well as review articles in all areas of genome-scale analysis. Topics covered by the journal include, but are not limited to: bioinformatics, clinical genomics, disease genomics, epigenomics, evolutionary genomics, functional genomics, genome engineering, and synthetic genomics.
The recent release of the genome sequences of a number of crop and model plant species has made it possible to define the genome organisation and functional characteristics of specific genes and gene families of agronomic importance. For instance, Sorghum bicolor, maize (Zea mays) and Brachypodium distachyon genome sequences along with the model grass species rice (Oryza sativa) enable the comparative analysis of genes involved in plant defence. Germin-like proteins (GLPs) are a small, functionally and taxonomically diverse class of cupin-domain containing proteins that have recently been shown to cluster in an area of rice chromosome 8. The genomic location of this gene cluster overlaps with a disease resistance QTL that provides defence against two rice fungal pathogens (Magnaporthe oryzae and Rhizoctonia solani). Studies showing the involvement of GLPs in basal host resistance against powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis ssp.) have also been reported in barley and wheat. In this mini-review, we ...
Glycolysis is the process of converting glucose into pyruvate and generating small amounts of ATP (energy) and NADH (reducing power). It is a central pathway that produces important precursor metabolites: six-carbon compounds of glucose-6P and fructose-6P and three-carbon compounds of glycerone-P, glyceraldehyde-3P, glycerate-3P, phosphoenolpyruvate, and pyruvate [MD:M00001]. Acetyl-CoA, another important precursor metabolite, is produced by oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate [MD:M00307]. When the enzyme genes of this pathway are examined in completely sequenced genomes, the reaction steps of three-carbon compounds from glycerone-P to pyruvate form a conserved core module [MD:M00002], which is found in almost all organisms and which sometimes contains operon structures in bacterial genomes. Gluconeogenesis is a synthesis pathway of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors. It is essentially a reversal of glycolysis with minor variations of alternative paths [MD:M00003 ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Brachypodium distachyon is a small, rapidly growing grass that serves as a model for candidate bioenergy grasses such as Miscanthus and switchgrass. For this reason, in 2010, the B. distachyon genome was sequenced and annotated as part of the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI), a DOE Office of Science user facility, Community Science Program. To further accelerate research in the development of biofuel feedstocks, a project to sequence thousands of B. distachyon mutants was selected for the 2015 Community Science Program portfolio. The library of sequenced mutants will aid researchers in studying and rapidly identifying and ordering plants with mutations in any gene in its genome. Using a forward genetic screen, a Stanford University team identified a B. distachyonsubsidiary cell identify defective (sid) mutant; this mutant is unable to produce subsidiary cells. By comparing the whole genome sequence of B. distachyon with the sid mutant, a 5-base pair deletion in the ...
Four diploid inbred B. distachyon lines, Bd3-1, Bd21-1, Bd1-1, and Bd29-1 were used to characterize cold induced IRIP gene expression by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The seeds were kindly provided by Dr. David Garvin, University of Minnesota, USA. Bd3-1 and Bd21-1 originate from Iraq and are spring genotypes that do not require vernalization to induce flowering. Bd1-1 and Bd29-1 originate from northern Turkey and the Ukraine, respectively, and are winter genotypes which require long vernalization periods (six and 12 weeks respectively) to flower (http://www.ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/person/1931/GarvinLabCoreBrachypodiumdistachyonLineSet(2).pdf) [34, 35]. For the microarray gene expression experiments only Bd21-1 was used.. In the qRT-PCR experiment 7 weeks old plants were used which had been established from seeds using the following growth conditions: 20/16°C day/night temperature and 16 h photoperiod with a photon flux density of 150 μmol m-2 s-1. Half of the ...
ID I1HCY7_BRADI Unreviewed; 199 AA. AC I1HCY7; DT 13-JUN-2012, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 13-JUN-2012, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 30. DE RecName: Full=Translation machinery-associated protein 22 {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361273}; GN Name=LOC100838976 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:BRADI2G05940.1}; GN ORFNames=BRADI_2g05940 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KQK03160.1}; OS Brachypodium distachyon (Purple false brome) (Trachynia distachya). OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Liliopsida; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; OC Pooideae; Brachypodieae; Brachypodium. OX NCBI_TaxID=15368 {ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:BRADI2G05940.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000008810}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KQK03160.1, ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:BRADI2G05940.1} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=Bd21 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KQK03160.1, RC ECO:0000313,EnsemblPlants:BRADI2G05940.1}; RX PubMed=20148030; DOI=10.1038/nature08747; RG ...
Brachypodium distachyon is a close relative of many important cereal crops. Abiotic stress tolerance has a significant impact on productivity of agriculturally important food and feedstock crops. Analysis of the transcriptome of Brachypodium after chilling, high-salinity, drought, and heat stresses revealed diverse differential expression of many transcripts. Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis revealed 22 distinct gene modules with specific profiles of expression under each stress. Promoter analysis implicated short DNA sequences directly upstream of module members in the regulation of 21 of 22 modules. Functional analysis of module members revealed enrichment in functional terms for 10 of 22 network modules. Analysis of condition-specific correlations between differentially expressed gene pairs revealed extensive plasticity in the expression relationships of gene pairs. Photosynthesis, cell cycle, and cell wall expression modules were down-regulated by all abiotic stresses. Modules ...
1. Brachypodium genome sequenced. A simple model for studying grass cell walls is needed to allow more rapid progress in understanding the potential to alter the properties of cellulosic biomass. ARS scientists in Albany, CA are collaborated with Department of Energy (DOE) and other researchers to complete the analysis and annotation of the entire genome. A paper describing the results was published in the journal Nature and the sequence and annotation is now freely available through several databases. In addition, a project to resequence additional accessions was initiated. To date, four lines have been resequenced and the analysis of the sequences has been initiated. Knowledge of the genome sequence of Brachypodium and the linear order of genes in the genome relative to other grasses will help to make this species useful to researchers studying important agricultural traits in energy crops and grain species. 2. Characterization of diversity in polyploid switchgrass. The genetic make-up of the ...
We use a variety of plant systems including the model flowering plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, tobacco, rice, and the model grass, Brachypodium distachyon to characterize homeostasis mechanisms (i.e. how levels are regulated within the cell) for metabolites that function as signaling compounds. For example, we use stable isotope labeling to examine the regulation of growth and development by the signaling molecule indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), also known as auxin. We are developing analytical tools (primarily high throughput sample prep, quantitative metabolite profiling, and fluorescence-based cell sorting) and mutants that are disrupted in some aspect of metabolite regulation in order to characterize IAA homeostasis. Mass spectrometry features prominently in our experimental approach. Our long-term goal is to understand how auxin biosynthetic pathways interact with biosynthetic pathways for other important signaling molecules such as cytokinins, gibberellins, salicylic acid, ethylene, jasmonic ...
Oxidative stress in plants can be triggered by many environmental stress factors, such as drought and salinity. Brachypodium distachyon is a model organism for the study of biofuel plants and crops, such as wheat. Although recent studies have found many oxidative stress response-related proteins, the mechanism of microRNA (miRNA)-mediated oxidative stress response is still unclear. Using next generation high-throughput sequencing technology, the small RNAs were sequenced from the model plant B. distachyon 21 (Bd21) under H2O2 stress and normal growth conditions. In total, 144 known B. distachyon miRNAs and 221 potential new miRNAs were identified. Further analysis of potential new miRNAs suggested that 36 could be clustered into known miRNA families, while the remaining 185 were identified as B. distachyon-specific new miRNAs. Differential analysis of miRNAs from the normal and H2O2 stress libraries identified 31 known and 30 new H2O2 stress responsive miRNAs. The expression patterns of seven
The Poaceae family includes premier cereal crops such as wheat, rice and maize that currently supply most dietary calories to people worldwide [1], and increased global food output in the past five decades has resulted primarily from improved productivity of these three crops [2,3]. However, our population is predicted to increase by 40 per cent by 2030, which will outpace both the current rate of yield increases for the major cereals, and the availability of arable land [4,5]. Therefore, improved cereal varieties that produce higher yields without increasing land use need to be developed. Global population growth and industrialization are also depleting non-renewable fossil fuel reserves, and several Poaceae family members including sugarcane, miscanthus and switchgrass are currently being used or developed as bioenergy feedstocks [6-8]. Thus, key members of the Poaceae family will probably play a central role in both food and fuel security in the coming decades.. One reason for current, ...
The proper use of resistance genes (R genes) requires a comprehensive understanding of their genomics and evolution. We analyzed genes encoding nucleotide-binding sites and leucine-rich repeats in the genomes of rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and Brachypodium distachyon. Frequent deletions and translocations of R genes generated prevalent presence/absence polymorphism between different accessions/species. The deletions were caused by unequal crossover, homologous repair, nonhomologous repair, or other unknown mechanisms. R gene loci identified from different genomes were mapped onto the chromosomes of rice cv Nipponbare using comparative genomics, resulting in an integrated map of 495 R loci. Sequence analysis of R genes from the partially sequenced genomes of an African rice cultivar and 10 wild accessions suggested that there are many additional R gene lineages in the AA genome of Oryza. The R genes with chimeric structures (termed type I R genes) are diverse ...
DNA methylation is a common feature of eukaryotic genomes and is especially common in noncoding regions of plants. Protein coding regions of plants are often methylated also, but the extent, function, and evolutionary consequences of gene body methylation remain unclear. Here we investigate gene body methylation using an explicit comparative evolutionary approach. We generated bisulfite sequencing data from two tissues of Brachypodium distachyon and compared genic methylation patterns to those of rice (Oryza sativa ssp. japonica). Gene body methylation was strongly conserved between orthologs of the two species and affected a biased subset of long, slowly evolving genes. Because gene body methylation is conserved over evolutionary time, it shapes important features of plant genome evolution, such as the bimodality of G+C content among grass genes. Our results superficially contradict previous observations of high cytosine methylation polymorphism within Arabidopsis thaliana genes, but reanalyses ...
Fine mapping of Yr47 and Lr52 in chromosome arm 5BS of wheat identified close linkage of the marker sun180 to both genes and its robustness for marker-assisted selection was demonstrated. The widely effective and genetically linked rust resistance genes Yr47 and Lr52 have previously been mapped in the short arm of chromosome 5B in two F3 populations (Aus28183/Aus27229 and Aus28187/Aus27229). The Aus28183/Aus27229 F3 population was advanced to generate an F6 recombinant inbred line (RIL) population to identify markers closely linked with Yr47 and Lr52. Diverse genomic resources including flow-sorted chromosome survey sequence contigs representing the orthologous region in Brachypodium distachyon, the physical map of chromosome arm 5BS, expressed sequence tags (ESTs) located in the 5BS6-0.81-1.00 deletion bin and resistance gene analog contigs of chromosome arm 5BS were used to develop markers to saturate the target region. Selective genotyping was also performed using the iSelect 90 K Infinium ...
Artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) are used for selective gene silencing in plants. However, current methods to produce amiRNA constructs for silencing transcripts in monocot species are not suitable for simple, cost-effective and large-scale synthesis. Here, a series of expression vectors based on Oryza sativa MIR390 (OsMIR390) precursor was developed for high-throughput cloning and high expression of amiRNAs in monocots. Four different amiRNA sequences designed to target specifically endogenous genes and expressed from OsMIR390-based vectors were validated in transgenic Brachypodium distachyon plants. Surprisingly, amiRNAs accumulated to higher levels and were processed more accurately when expressed from chimeric OsMIR390-based precursors that include distal stem-loop sequences from Arabidopsis thaliana MIR390a (AtMIR390a). In all cases, transgenic plants displayed the predicted phenotypes induced by target gene repression, and accumulated high levels of amiRNAs and low levels of the ...
Utility vectors with promoters that confer desired spatial and temporal expression patterns are useful tools for studying gene and cellular function and for industrial applications. To target the expression of DNA sequences of interest to cells forming plant secondary cell walls, which generate most of the vegetative biomass, upstream regulatory sequences of the Brachypodium distachyon lignin biosynthetic gene BdPMT and the cellulose synthase genes BdCESA7 and BdCESA8 were isolated and cloned into binary vectors designed for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of monocots. Expression patterns were assessed using the β-glucuronidase gene GUSPlus and X-glucuronide staining. All three promoters showed strong expression levels in stem tissue at the base of internodes where cell wall deposition is most active, in both vascular bundle xylem vessels and tracheids, and in interfascicular tissues, with expression less pronounced in developmentally older tissues. In leaves, BdCESA7 and BdCESA8 promoter-driven
Having plant pan-genomes for crops that are important for fuel and food applications would enable breeders to harness natural diversity to improve traits such as yield, disease resistance, and tolerance of marginal growing conditions. In Nature Communications, an international team lgauged the size of a plant pan-genome using Brachypodium distachyon, a wild grass widely used as a model for grain and biomass crops. Read more ...
Sibout, R.; Proost, S.; Hansen, B. O.; Vaid, N.; Giorgi, F. M.; Ho-Yue-Kuang, S.; Legee, F.; Cezart, L.; Bouchabke-Coussa, O.; Soulhat, C. et al.; Provart, N.; Pasha, A.; Le Bris, P.; Roujol, D.; Hofte, H.; Jamet, E.; Lapierre, C.; Persson, S.; Mutwil, M.: Expression atlas and comparative coexpression network analyses reveal important genes involved in the formation of lignified cell wall in Brachypodium distachyon. New Phytologist 215 (3), S. 1009 - 1025 (2017 ...
Hosted by the USGS Core Science Analytics and Synthesis. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency ITIS Teams. Point of Contact: [email protected]
Patterned after a corn stem, this monocot model shows the various layers of a plant stem and other vital structures. Anatomy of the stem is displayed in two different sections, and includes a detailed key for identification of structures.
My lab is interested in the switch to flower formation and in regulation of flower patterning in a variety of plant species. Most of our work to date has focused on Arabidopsis thaliana, but we are also investigating rice, Brachypodium, soybean and tomato. We are interested in the question how the developmental transition to reproductive development is regulated by integration of exogenous and endogenous cues for optimal reproductive fitness. We are also interested in the question how chromatin state changes regulate cell identity and response to extrinsic (stresses) and intrinsic (hormonal) signals ...
The GPWG chose 59 representative species for study of the phylogeny. These were chosen to represent all known major groups, plus a set of species whose relationships were unknown. We took advantage of earlier investigations that had studied sets of morphological characters across hundreds of species. For example, the Russian cytogeneticist Avdulov (1931) reported on chromosome number and karyotype of many hundreds of grasses and found that a large group of temperate grasses had much larger chromosomes than other grasses, and fewer of them, with a base number of x = 7. This group includes such familiar species as wheat (Triticum), barley (Hordeum), rye (Secale), and oats (Avena), as well as most north temperate lawn and pasture grasses. The French anatomist Prat (1932) looked at the shape and structure of epidermal cells and found that the subsidiary cells of the stomata in Avdulovsx = 7 group have outer walls that are parallel rather than curved. This group, defined by cytological and ...
Ears are the seed-bearing inflorescences of maize (Zea mays) plants and represent a crucial component of maize yield. The first step in the formation of ears is the initiation of axillary meristems in the axils of developing leaves. In the classic maize mutant barren stalk fastigiate1 (baf1), first discovered in the 1950s, ears either do not form or, if they do, are partially fused to the main stalk. We positionally cloned Baf1 and found that it encodes a transcriptional regulator containing an AT-hook DNA binding motif. Single coorthologs of Baf1 are found in syntenic regions of brachypodium (Brachypodium distachyon), rice (Oryza sativa), and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), suggesting that the gene is likely present in all cereal species. Protein-protein interaction assays suggest that BAF1 is capable of forming homodimers and heterodimers with other members of the AT-hook family. Another transcriptional regulator required for ear initiation is the basic helix-loop-helix protein BARREN STALK1 (BA1). ...
Plant root systems and associated symbiotic organisms act as critical links between the growing shoot and the rhizosphere, providing both vital nutrients and water to sustain growth. Many tools have been developed to study plant root systems; however, the efficient quantification of root traits remains a key bottleneck to effectively utilizing expanding collections of genomic and germplasm resources during the study of root system development and function. This dissertation presents results from root system phenotyping research where root phenotyping platforms were developed and used to investigate the genetic components of root system architecture and development in crop plants. It begins with a review chapter that discusses the importance of root system architecture (RSA) during resource acquisition and provides an overview of established root growth and measurement techniques while highlighting modern root phenotyping approaches that have been developed for genetic mapping studies. ...
MAKER-P version 3.1 was used to annotate genes in the Mo17 genome, which used a comprehensive strategy by combining results obtained from protein homology-based prediction, RNA-seq-based prediction, and ab initio prediction. We used the same evidence that was used for previous B73 gene annotations, with addition of Mo17-specific RNA-seq datasets. All annotated proteins from Sorghum bicolor,Oryza sativa, Setaria italica, Brachypodium distachyon and Arabidopsis thaliana were downloaded from Gramene.org release 48 and used for protein homology-based prediction. 74,471 assembled transcripts from Mo17 multiple tissues, full-length transcripts from B73 Iso-seq, another set of 69,163 publicly available full- length cDNAs from B73 deposited in Genbank, a total of 1,574,442 Trinity-assembled transcripts from 94 B73 RNA-Seq experiments, and 112,963 transcripts assembled from deep sequencing of a B73 seedling were collected and included as transcript evidence. Augustus and FGENESH were used to ab initio ...
Scientific conference (2013, February). The metabolic roles of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and the identity of the molecules responsible for the growth promotion are still poorly ... [more ▼]. The metabolic roles of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and the identity of the molecules responsible for the growth promotion are still poorly documented. As well, the implication of microRNAs in root development is a recent discovery that deserves to be explored. In this study, the implication of microRNAs in the response of Brachypodium distachyon (L.) Beauv. Bd21 root architecture to rhizobacterial VOCs was investigated. Nineteen PGPR strains were screened to select those showing the strongest phenotypic effects. The strain Bacillus subtilis AP305-GB03 induced the most important promotion of biomass production and root development. Total RNA extraction and RT-qPCR analysis of microRNAs ...
Walter Hood Fitch - Illustrations of the British Flora (1924) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Source: www.biolib.de - Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this image under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License. ...
The unprecedented access to rye genomic sequence information provided with this study as well as the detailed genome sequence information recently published for barley (International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium, 2012) allowed a detailed comparative analysis of conserved orthologous genomic segments between both genomes. This revealed that individual conserved syntenic genomic segments of rye and barley carried strikingly different numbers of putatively conserved orthologous genes in comparison to the model grass genomes of rice, B. distachyon, and sorghum. Furthermore, the genes of defined conserved syntenic rye genome segments exhibited significantly different signatures of sequence conservation if compared with their putatively orthologous barley gene sequences.. Analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitutions did not provide any evidence of different selective pressure among the different genomic regions of rye, but phylogenetic analysis of individual rye genomic segments ...
Shop WRKY transcription factor ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and WRKY transcription factor Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
As climate change creates new environmental challenges for farmers, Penn State biologists are studying gene variants in a model grass species to help inform better crop planting decisions to increase food production.
Joachim W. Messing (born 1946) is a university professor of Molecular Biology and the fourth director of the Waksman Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University. Since his arrival at Rutgers in 1985, Jo Messing has initiated research activity on computational and structural biology and further emphasis on molecular genetics of the regulation of gene expression and biomolecular interactions. In the eighties, he provided incubator space for two Biotechnology centers at Rutgers, one in Medicine and one in Agriculture. Subsequently, he also founded two new departments at Rutgers and served as the first chair, the Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry and the Department of Genetics. Prof Messing is also involved in the Plant Genome Initiative at Rutgers, which has contributed to the sequencing of the maize, sorghum, and the rice genome. Besides maize, sorghum, and rice, they have also contributed to the sequencing of the Brachypodium and Spirodela genomes. Jo Messing is a pharmacist by ...
We examined succession of the rhizosphere microbiota of three model plants (Arabidopsis, Medicago and Brachypodium) in compost and sand and three crops…
We have established the |i|Ustilago bromivora|/i|-|i|Brachypodium|/i| spp. interaction as a new model pathosystem for biotrophic fungal plant infections of the head smut type (Rabe |i|et al.|/i|, 2016). In this protocol, the methodology used for comparing gene expression between saprophytic and |i|i|/i| …
The root system is essential for the growth and development of plants. In addition to anchoring the plant in the ground, it is the site of uptake of water and minerals from the soil. Plant root systems show an astonishing plasticity in their architecture, which allows for optimal exploitation of div …
Ultraconserved elements (UCEs), stretches of DNA that are identical between distantly related species, are enigmatic genomic features whose function is not well understood. First identified and characterized in mammals, UCEs have been proposed to play important roles in gene regulation, RNA processing, and maintaining genome integrity. However, because all of these functions can tolerate some sequence variation, their ultraconserved and ultraselected nature is not explained. We investigated whether there are highly conserved DNA elements without genic function in distantly related plant genomes. We compared the genomes of Arabidopsis thaliana and Vitis vinifera; species that diverged ∼115 million years ago (Mya). We identified 36 highly conserved elements with at least 85% similarity that are longer than 55 bp. Interestingly, these elements exhibit properties similar to mammalian UCEs, such that we named them UCE-like elements (ULEs). ULEs are located in intergenic or intronic regions and are ...
Promotes relaxation without drowsiness * Helps promote a restful, relaxed state * Reduces stress** Directions: Adults take one (1) capsule daily on an empty stomach. Other Ingredients: Cellulose (capsule shell), cellulose, magnesium stearate, silica. Does Not Contain: Yeast, corn, wheat, soy, gluten, milk, salt, sugar, starch, preservatives or artificial colors. Vegetarian/Kosher.
The focus in the first part of this exploration malegra power be on how small proteins fold without worrying malegra power the complexities introduced by the larger multidomain entities. Essentially identical areas, known as Wofflin nod- ules, occur in 24 of patients who do not have Down syndrome.
Binary option pips #### FOREX KNOWLEDGE What happens to stock options when a private company is acquired #### System architecture tradeoff analysis method
"Physical Map of Brachypodium". University of California-Davis. Archived from the original on August 24, 2011. Retrieved ... The sequencing of some other relatively small genomes, of rice (Oryza sativa) and Brachypodium distachyon, has made them ...
"Physical Map of Brachypodium". University of California-Davis. Retrieved February 26, 2012.. [permanent dead link] ... and Brachypodium distachyon,[125] has made them important model species for understanding the genetics, cellular and molecular ...
Host plants include Brachypodium spp., Poa ochotensis and Poa angustifolia. Butterflies are on wing in July and August. Agius, ...
International Brachypodium Initiative (February 2010). "Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium ... Later improvements of this strategy enabled the sequencing of Brachypodium distachyon, Sorghum bicolor and soybean. Due to its ...
Genetics and Genomics of Brachypodium. Springer; 17 February 2016. ISBN 978-3-319-26944-3. p. 315-. Lynden B. Miller. Parks, ...
The International Brachypodium Initiative (February 2010). "Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium ...
The larvae feed on Brachypodium species. Melanargia larissa larissa Melanargia larissa grumi Standfuss, 1892 Melanargia larissa ...
The larvae feed on Brachypodium pinnatum. They mine the leaves of their host plant. Larvae can be found in late spring. " ...
doi:10.1007/s12284-009-9022-2. Kellogg, E.A. (2015). "Brachypodium distachyon as a Genetic Model System". Annual Review of ...
The larvae feed on Stipa and Brachypodium species. Larvae can be found from October to June. Fauna Europaea García-Barros, E.; ...
Species Duthiea brachypodium (P.Candargy) Keng & Keng f. - Qinghai, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Bhutan, Nepal, Sikkim, Arunachal ...
Physical Map of Brachypodium. University of California-Davis. [February 26, 2012].. [永久失效連結] ...
The larvae feed on Brachypodium phoenicoides and Festuca ovina. Lasiommata paramegaera at IUCN Red List "Lasiommata Westwood, ...
The larva feeds on Carex, Calamagrostis and Brachypodium species. Ochlodes, funet.fi v t e. ...
The habitat is rocky places at 600 to 1,800 m. The larvae feed on various grasses (Brachypodium and Bromus sp. and sedges). ...
Besides maize, sorghum, and rice, they have also contributed to the sequencing of the Brachypodium and Spirodela genomes. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) International Brachypodium Initiative (February 11, 2010). "Genome sequencing and ... analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon". Nature. 463 (7282): 763-8. Bibcode:2010Natur.463..763T. doi:10.1038/ ...
It is quite common in calcareous grasslands with Brachypodium pinnatum. OSF on line Biolib Etibioinformatics Pyrgus.de Linnea. ...
He played a major role in the multi-national efforts to sequence the Arabidopsis and Brachypodium genomes, which provide key ... 2010). "Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon". Nature. 463 (7282): 763-8. Bibcode: ...
The larvae feed on Brachypodium, Poa, Stipa pennata and Aegilops geniculata. It overwinters in the larval stage Melanargia ...
The dominant chalk grassland community at Park Gate Down is CG4 Brachypodium pinnatum. However, fine, less vigorous grasses are ...
The larvae feed on various grasses such as Brachypodium pinnatum and Bromus madritensis. "Melanargia Meigen, 1828" at Markku ...
The length of the forewings is about 4 millimetres (0.16 in). The larvae feed on Achnatherum pekinense, Brachypodium sylvaticum ...
Physical Map of Brachypodium". University of California-Davis. Приступљено 26. 2. 2012.. [мртва веза] ...
"Grain dormancy and light quality effects on germination in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon". New Phytologist. 193 (2): ...
... his work has centered on vernalization responses in temperate grasses using Brachypodium distachyon. 2018 Carlos O. Miller ...
The site was selected as an example of Brachypodium sylvaticum - Quercus/Fraxinus broadleaved woodland. The area has a long ...
It tends to grow on south-facing grassy slopes, among Bromus and Brachypodium grasses. In France it is often found on roadsides ...
Less specific records of Poa, Bromus, Festuca, Milium, Brachypodium, Lolium, Avena, Alopecurus and Anthoxanthum. Adults feed on ... Brachypodium sylvaticum), downy oat-grass and Helictotrichon pubescens. ...
The larvae feed on various plants, including Brachypodium sylvaticum, Holcus lanatus and Agrostis gigantea. Satyrinae of the ...
"The Effects of High Steady State Auxin Levels on Root Cell Elongation in Brachypodium". The Plant Cell. 28 (5): 1009-24. doi: ...
Madagascar Brachypodium humbertianum - Madagascar Brachypodium kawakamii - Taiwan Brachypodium kotschyi - Turkey Brachypodium ... Spain Brachypodium × apollinaris - Spain Brachypodium arbusculum - Canary Islands Brachypodium bolusii - Lesotho, South Africa ... Brachypodium × cugnacii - Denmark, Ireland, France, Czech Rep Brachypodium × diazii - Spain Brachypodium distachyon - ... Morocco to Greece Brachypodium pinnatum - Africa + Eurasia from Ireland + Morocco to China + Yakutia Brachypodium pringlei - ...
2008) Flora of Northern Ireland: Brachypodium sylvaticum. "Brachypodium sylvaticum". Germplasm Resources Information Network ( ... Brachypodium sylvaticum is a tall tufted perennial bunchgrass that grows up to about a 0.9 metres (3.0 ft) high. The drooping ... Brachypodium sylvaticum, commonly known as false-brome, slender false brome or wood false brome, is a perennial grass native to ... Oregon Brachypodium sylvaticum is a newly invasive brome species in Oregon that is rapidly expanding in the Pacific Northwest. ...
... Bahar Sogutmaz Ozdemir,1 Pilar Hernandez,2 Ertugrul Filiz,1 and Hikmet Budak1 ... M. Luo, Y. Ma, and N. Huo, "Construction Of physical map for Brachypodium distachyon," in Plant & Animal Genomes XV Conference ... D. Garvin, "Brachypodium distachyon. A new model plant for structural and functional analysis of grass genomes," in Model ... M. Bevan, N. McKenzie, and M. Trick et al., "Developing a genetic map of Brachypodium distachyon Bd21," in Plant & Animal ...
transcription factor VOZ1 [Brachypodium distachyon] transcription factor VOZ1 [Brachypodium distachyon]. gi,357132976,ref,XP_ ... transcription factor VOZ1 [Brachypodium distachyon]. NCBI Reference Sequence: XP_003568104.1. Identical Proteins FASTA Graphics ...
At the Brachypodium Genomics workshop, Dr. Elsbeth Walker will tell of progress in understanding the uptake and transport of an ... International Brachypodium conference in Modena Italy demonstrates great utility of the research model. ... Sam Hazen will present results on the study of growth and biofuel feedstock quality in Brachypodium at the Bioenergy Grass ... The annual Plant & Animal Genome Conference is the largest Ag-Genomics meeting in the world with four UMass Brachypodium ...
The 1st European Brachypodium Workshop took place October 19-21 at the National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) in ... Two consortium labs storm Versailles to present their research on Brachypodium cell wall biosynthesis. ... The workshop is expected to occur every two years and will be billed as the "International Brachypodium Workshop" from now on. ... This site is maintained by the Brachypodium Consortium. © 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies ...
Genus: Brachypodium Species: Brachypodium pinnatum Subspecies: B. p. subsp. pinnatum Name[edit]. Brachypodium pinnatum (L.) P. ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Brachypodium pinnatum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brachypodium_pinnatum&oldid=6959965" ...
Brachypodium retusum (Pers.) P.Beauv. References[edit]. *Essai dune Nouvelle Agrostographie; ou Nouveaux Genres des Graminées ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Brachypodium retusum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), ... Genus: Brachypodium Species: Brachypodium retusum Name[edit]. ...
... Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in P.Beauv. In: Ess. Agrostogr.: 101. ( ...
... Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Classification. kingdom Plantae phylum ...
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis - Brachypodium distachyon [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
Small quantities of these images from the Image Library on this website may be used on other websites, newsletters etc. without charge provided the whole image is used and the watermark is not removed. They may NOT be used on greeting cards, pottery and other items that are offered for sale. Use on "home made" items that are not offered for sale is O.K. An acknowledgement of the Hardy Plant Society would be appreciated.. Larger, watermark free versions of these pictures are usually available. They may be used without charge by lecturers, authors and similar users in exchange for an acknowledgement of the Hardy Plant Society. Please contact the Photo Librarian with the name and "P" or "X" number of the pictures that you want, plus details of what you will use them for.. Copyright on all photos on this website remains with the Hardy Plant Society and the photographer.. ...
Brachypodium is a very attractive model system for the monocot lineage due to a number of favorable features, including its ... Genome Wide Analysis of Nucleotide-Binding Site Disease Resistance Genes in Brachypodium distachyon. Shenglong Tan1,2 and Song ... M. Opanowicz, P. Vain, J. Draper, D. Parker, and J. H. Doonan, "Brachypodium distachyon: making hay with a wild grass," Trends ... J. P. Vogel, D. F. Garvin, T. C. Mockler et al., "Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon," ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Brachypodium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Brachypodium . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species ...
Brachypodium caninum (L.) F. Herm. ex Lindm.. Taxonomic Serial No.: 787462 (Download Help) Brachypodium caninum TSN 787462 ...
Brachypodium distachyon (Purple false brome) (Trachynia distachya)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,I1GVQ3,I1GVQ3_BRADI Uncharacterized protein OS=Brachypodium distachyon OX=15368 GN=100845569 PE=4 SV=1 ...
Brachypodium cespitosum var. phoenicoides (L.) Benth., more, Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. phoenicoides (L.) Nyman, Brachypodium ... phoenicoides (L.) Fiori, Brachypodium ramosum var. phoenicoides (L.) W.D.J. Koch, Bromus phoenicoides (L.) Steud., Festuca ... Brachypodium phoenicoides is native to dry, usually open, and often sandy habitats of the northern Mediterranean region. In the ...
Expression of these Brachypodium genes in yeast increases the toxicity of 3-ADON, suggesting that highly similar genes existing ... genes of the monocot model plant Brachypodium distachyon. We report the identification and characterization of the first plant ... Expression of these Brachypodium genes in yeast increases the toxicity of 3-ADON, suggesting that highly similar genes existing ... Identification and Characterization of Carboxylesterases from Brachypodium distachyon Deacetylating Trichothecene Mycotoxins. ...
Brachypodium ramosum var. roemeri St.-Yves. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Brachypodium ramosum var. scabriculme Maire. Synonym. ... Brachypodium boissieri Nyman. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Brachypodium boissieri f. aristatum H.Lindb.. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03- ... Brachypodium obtusifolium Link. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Brachypodium phoenicoides var. bracteolatum Guss.. Synonym. WCSP. ... Brachypodium ramosum Roem. & Schult.. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Brachypodium ramosum subsp. boissieri (Nyman) Nyman. Synonym. ...
Brachypodium pinnatum var. glaucovirens (Murb.) Brand. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Brachypodium sylvaticum var. glaucovirens ( ... Brachypodium glaucovirens (Murb.) Sagorski. Synonym. WCSP. 2012-03-23. Brachypodium glaucovirens (Murb.) T. Durand & B.D. Jacks ... Brachypodium sylvaticum subsp. glaucovirens Murb. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of an infraspecific taxon* ... of the species Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P.Beauv. in the genus Brachypodium (family Poaceae). ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Brachypodium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P. Beauv. Show All. Show Tabs. slender false brome ...
Brachypodium distachyon has emerged as the model species for important temperate grass crops such as wheat and barley and the ... The International Brachypodium Initiative. 2010. Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. ... Brachypodium distachyon. In: Wang, K. (ed), Agrobacterium Protocols. Springer. New York, USA. pp. 17-33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Brachypodium distachyon. A new model system for functional genomics in grasses. Plant Physiol. 127:1539-1555.PubMedGoogle ...
Representative examples of 19-day-old Brachypodium accessions Bd21 (a,c,e) and Bd3-1 (b,d,f) on control (a,b), low-N (c,d) and ... 2011 Brachypodium as a model for the grasses: today and the future. Plant Physiol. 157, 3-13. doi:10.1104/pp.111.179531 (doi: ... 2001 Brachypodium distachyon. A new model system for functional genomics in grasses. Plant Physiol. 127, 1539-1555. doi:10.1104 ... 2010 Brachypodium distachyon genomics for sustainable food and fuel production. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 21, 211-217. doi: ...
Brachypodium sylvaticum subsp. glaucovirens Murb. Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P. Beauv. subsp. sylvaticum Brahea armata S. ... Brachypodium sylvaticum subsp. glaucovirens Murb. - Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P. Beauv. subsp. sylvaticum ... Brachypodium pubescens (Peterm.) Mussajev. - Brachypodium sylvaticum subsp. pubescens (Peterm.) Tzvelev. - Brevipodium ... Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P. Beauv. (Paleo silvestre). Hippolyte Coste - Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France, de ...
Mutations in the predicted DNA polymerase subunit POLD3 result in more rapid flowering of Brachypodium distachyon.. Woods DP1,2 ...
... which can be used as markers of cells that are undergoing death in a Brachypodium distachyon tissue culture. ... Keywords: Brachypodium; 5-azacitidine; cell death; tissue culture Brachypodium; 5-azacitidine; cell death; tissue culture ... 5-Azacitidine Induces Cell Death in a Tissue Culture of Brachypodium distachyon by Alexander Betekhtin 1,*. , Anna Milewska- ... "5-Azacitidine Induces Cell Death in a Tissue Culture of Brachypodium distachyon." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 6: 1806. ...
PhD Oral Defence: Characterizing the role of epigenetic component ADA2 in Brachypodium distachyon ... This work focused on characterizing ADA2 in the model monocot Brachypodium distachyon. ...
Previously, we have shown that temperature-dependent non-target site (NTS) resistance of Brachypodium hybridum is due to ... Previously, we have shown that temperature-dependent non-target site (NTS) resistance of Brachypodium hybridum is due to ... International Brachypodium Initiative (2010). Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. Nature ... Kellogg, E. A. (2015). Brachypodium distachyon as a genetic model system. Annu. Rev. Genet. 49, 1-20. doi:10.1146/annurev-genet ...
Brachypodium distachyon). #. Country. Country. StateName. FirstYear. Situation. Active Ingredients. CountryID. Site of Action. ... A biotype of Brachypodium distachyon with increased tolerance and plastid resistance to s-triazines. : 76 - 77. ... Can wild species become problem weeds because of herbicide resistance? Brachypodium distachyon: a case study. Crop Protection ... Brachypodium distachyon. Annual Falsebrome. 95. 2 Israel. Israel. 2014. Roadsides diclofop-methyl, and pinoxaden 23. ACCase ...
Brachypodium Resources>Brachypodium Resources*Brachypodium T-DNA Collection>Brachypodium T-DNA Collection ... Brachypodium Resources. Brachypodium distachyon is a small annual grass that researchers use as a model for the grasses used to ... The first book on Brachypodium genomics has been published.. *The election for the International Brachypodium Steering ... The 3rd International Brachypodium Conference held in July 2017 in Beijing was big success thanks to Zhiyong Liu and the local ...
  • M. Khan and C. Stace, "Breeding relationships in the genus Brachypodium (Poaceae: Pooideae)," Nordic Journal of Botany , vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 257-269, 1999. (hindawi.com)
  • 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie plante XIX (19), figure III (3 a-f) line drawings of Brachypodium pinnatum Flora of China, Vol. 22 Page 368 短柄草族 duan bing cao zu Poaceae Tribe Brachypodieae Flora of Pakistan, Brachypodium P. Beauv. (wikipedia.org)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Brachypodium (family Poaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • in the genus Brachypodium (family Poaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • Annual Falsebrome ( Brachypodium distachyon ) is a monocot weed in the Poaceae family. (weedscience.com)
  • As a member of the Poaceae , Brachypodium distachyon L. is a new model plant for wheat and barley as well as several potential biofuel grasses such as switchgrass. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A better understanding of the mechanisms of salt stress tolerance and salt stress response genes in Brachypodium would be very useful for the breeding and genetic engineering of salt tolerance varieties in other Poaceae families, including wheat, barley, and rice. (elsevier.com)
  • Brachypodium distachyon (Poaceae), an annual Mediterranean Aluminum (Al)-sensitive grass, is currently being used as a model species to provide new information on cereals and biofuel crops. (beds.ac.uk)
  • P. Catalán and R. G. Olmstead, "Phylogenetic reconstruction of the genus Brachypodium P. Beauv. (hindawi.com)
  • I. H. Robertson, "Chromosome numbers in Brachypodium Beauv. (hindawi.com)
  • 24: 196 (1925) Tropicos, Brachypodium P. Beauv. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachypodium longifolium P.Beauv. (gbif.org)
  • During the last decade Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The phylogenetic position of B. distachyon reinforces its importance as a model system since it is nested within tribe Brachypodieae (formed by exclusively by the genus Brachypodium P. Beauv. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Brachypodium is a genus of plants in the grass family, widespread across much of Africa, Eurasia, and Latin America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists from nineteen countries gathered - and at one point evacuated due to an earthquake - to discuss research progress in the genus Brachypodium . (umass.edu)
  • We demonstrate the utility of the algorithm implemented for the analysis of co-occurrence of 17 species of the genus Brachypodium , agreeing with distributions existing in nature. (peerj.com)
  • The Brachypodium genus is a phylogenetic sister group to the Triticeae (cereals) and Poeae (forage grasses) tribes, which provided compelling rationale for sequencing the B. distachyon genome to develop a model more suitable for temperate grasses than rice ( Oryza sativa ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Brachypodium sylvaticum, commonly known as false-brome, slender false brome or wood false brome, is a perennial grass native to Europe, Asia and Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Johnson J, Identifying Brachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)[permanent dead link], San Francisco Watershed Council, January 2004. (wikipedia.org)
  • This venture will create a collection of grass transcription factor genes to facilitate energy crop research using the model system Brachypodium distachyon . (umass.edu)
  • However, little is known about the NBS-encoding genes in Brachypodium distachyon . (hindawi.com)
  • Further expression analysis of the regular NBS-encoding genes in Brachypodium database revealed that these genes are expressed in a wide range of libraries, including those constructed from various developmental stages, tissue types, and drought challenged or nonchallenged tissue. (hindawi.com)
  • However, except a study which described the number of R-like genes and their evolutionary pattern among four different gramineous plants [ 18 ], no other information was reported about the NBS-encoding genes in the Brachypodium distachyon such as structural diversity and gene duplications. (hindawi.com)
  • We therefore performed a study of the family of candidate carboxylesterases (CXE) genes of the monocot model plant Brachypodium distachyon . (mdpi.com)
  • Expression of these Brachypodium genes in yeast increases the toxicity of 3-ADON, suggesting that highly similar genes existing in crop plants may act as susceptibility factors in Fusarium head blight disease. (mdpi.com)
  • Comparing IAA levels with transcript levels for putative Brachypodium orthologs (functionally similar genes from difference species) to predicted Arabidopsis thaliana IAA biosynthetic genes will then provide evidence for or against specific Brachypodium genes being involved in IAA synthesis. (umass.edu)
  • The Brachypodium genome database has been mined using the BLAST bioinformatics algorithm to identify potential orthologs to a number of Arabidopsis IAA biosynthetic genes. (umass.edu)
  • Second, once significant differences between growth conditions and IAA levels are observed, RNA from Brachypodium will be extracted, converted to cDNA via reverse transcription and applied to a microarray chip containing the Brachypodium genome to quantify differences in transcript expression between the two growth conditions in order to identify genes potentially involved in IAA biosynthesis. (umass.edu)
  • We have identified and manually curated the WRKY transcription factor family from Brachypodium using a pipeline designed to identify all potential WRKY genes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genes of Brachypodium starch metabolism were identified and annotated, including important motifs such as transit peptides and putative carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs). (ku.dk)
  • Brachypodium distachyon contains cold responsive IRIP genes which have evolved through Brachypodium specific gene family expansions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, the evolutionary history of key genes involved in low temperature responses has been different in Brachypodium and core Pooideae species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The role of specific POD genes in differentiating Brachypodium accessions with contrasting drought tolerance could be associated with the general fitness of Brachypodium distachyon during evolution. (botany.one)
  • Among 87 tran-script-derived fragments (TDFs) that were classified based on their presence or absence (qualitative variants) or differential expression (quantitative variants), we identified 32 TDFs that corresponded to Brachypodium genes with locus name. (elsevier.com)
  • To elucidate the genes controlling these traits, we use the model plant Brachypodium distachyon . (umass.edu)
  • Apply knowledge gained from Brachypodium toward the improvement of switchgrass using comparative genomics and candidate genes. (usda.gov)
  • To identify genes that affect cell wall composition, we have begun to characterize 22 Brachypodium mutants initially identified using NIR spectroscopy. (usda.gov)
  • The annual Plant & Animal Genome Conference is the largest Ag-Genomics meeting in the world with four UMass Brachypodium Consortium investigators presenting there this winter. (umass.edu)
  • At the Brachypodium Genomics workshop , Dr. Elsbeth Walker will tell of progress in understanding the uptake and transport of an important nutrient, iron. (umass.edu)
  • Dr. Sam Hazen will present results on the study of growth and biofuel feedstock quality in Brachypodium at the Bioenergy Grass Genomics workshop . (umass.edu)
  • A leading investigator of Brachypodium population genetics, Dr. Ana Caicedo, will enlighten the Weedy and Invasive Plant Genomics workshop on the evolution of weeds. (umass.edu)
  • The description of the WRKY transcription factor family in Brachypodium that we report here provides a framework for functional genomics studies in an important model system. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These rights, about with the online Genetics and Genomics of Brachypodium 2016 of Climate moisture, are Powered the designers of charge address, Dallas-Ft, and understanding to the item impact. (sitnews.org)
  • Exploiting population genetics, landscape genomics and genome wide association studies, we evaluate B. distachyon role as a natural probe for identifying genomic loci involved in environmental adaptation.Results: Brachypodium distachyon individuals were sampled in nine locations with different ecologies and characterized with 16,697 SNPs. (unimi.it)
  • Alignment of the genomes of Brachypodium distachyon and temperate cereals and grasses using bacterial artificial chromosome landing with fluorescence in situ hybridization," Genetics , vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 349-362, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • Brachypodium distachyon ( Brachypodium ) has emerged as a useful model system for studying traits unique to graminaceous species including bioenergy crop grasses owing to its amenability to laboratory experimentation and the availability of extensive genetic and germplasm resources. (osti.gov)
  • Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is a key model species for cereals, forage grasses, and energy grasses. (frontiersin.org)
  • The wild grass Brachypodium distachyon has emerged as a model system for temperate grasses and biofuel plants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Furthermore, as a wild grass, Brachypodium has never been subjected to human selection, which has drained the genetic diversity of domesticated cereal grasses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For these reasons, Brachypodium is a promising model system among temperate grasses for the identification of traits that may have been lost during domestication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The model grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is an excellent system for studying the basic biology underlying traits relevant to the use of grasses as food, forage and energy crops. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Brachypodium distachyon as a new model system for understanding iron homeostasis in grasses: phylogenetic and expression analysis of Yellow Stripe-Like (YSL) transporters. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The majority of produced starch comes from cereals, domesticated grasses, characterized by specific en-hanced traits known as the domestication syndrome. (ku.dk)
  • This thesis focuses on domestication of grasses - the cereal ancestors, starch in the grass Brachypodium distachyon , and its comparison to domesticated cereal. (ku.dk)
  • Brachypodium distachyon (hereafter Brachypodium) is an emerging model system for the temperate grasses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Brachypodium has the potential to be a broadly useful model system for the grasses, but still requires many of these resources. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thus Brachypodium offers a relatively non-demanding entry point to study the agriculturally important grasses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this study was to determine the developmental basis for differences in H and N cell size in the grasses Brachypodium distachyon and Oryza sativa. (ox.ac.uk)
  • As part of an initiative to develop Brachypodium distachyon as a genomic 'bridge' species between rice and the temperate cereals and grasses, a BAC library has been constructed for the two diploid (2n = 2x = 10) genotypes, ABR1 and ABR5. (aber.ac.uk)
  • Brachypodium distachyon has emerged as the model species for important temperate grass crops such as wheat and barley and the genome of the B. distachyon community inbred line Bd21 has been sequenced. (springer.com)
  • Therefore, we assessed cell wall-related traits relevant to biomass conversion to biofuels in seven Brachypodium inbred lines that were chosen based on their high level of genotypic diversity as well as available genome sequences and recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. (osti.gov)
  • The MAN gene family is represented by six members in the Brachypodium genome, and their expression has been explored in different organs and especially in germinating seeds. (upm.es)
  • Related to wheat and native to the Mediterranean region, Brachypodium is a small, annual grass with a compact, sequenced genome and abundant genetic resources. (umass.edu)
  • International Brachypodium Initiative (2010) Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. (umass.edu)
  • Efforts within the agency and with external collaborators led to the publication and release of the Brachypodium genome sequence and annotation. (usda.gov)
  • Brachypodium sylvaticum is an invasive species colonizing new areas and outcompeting native plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oregon Brachypodium sylvaticum is a newly invasive brome species in Oregon that is rapidly expanding in the Pacific Northwest. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Brachypodium . (usda.gov)
  • A protocol is described for the infection of the model grass species Brachypodium distachyon with Magnaporthe grisea (rice blast), together with modifications to extend the use to rice and barley. (aber.ac.uk)
  • Brachypodium is also far easier to genetically transform than other grass species. (bio-protocol.org)
  • The model grass species Brachypodium distachyon has three cytotypes that are currently regarded as part of a single species. (botany.one)
  • Here we report the use of genotyping-by-sequencing on local groups of the sequenced monocot model species Brachypodium distachyon. (unimi.it)
  • Further experiments on tomato plants and a grass species called Brachypodium distachyon revealed the different architectures of their root systems. (elifesciences.org)
  • Brachypodium distachyon has been proposed as a new model for the temperate grass because it is related to the major cereal grain species (such as wheat, barley, oat, maize, rice, and sorghum) and many forage and turf species. (geneticsmr.com)
  • Brachypodium pinnatum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • A protocol for Agrobacterium- mediated transformation of Brachypodium distachyon community standard line Bd21. (springer.com)
  • Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation of Brachypodium distachyon. (annals.org)
  • Little is known about the potential of Brachypodium distachyon as a model for low temperature stress responses in Pooideae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of this study was to characterize the RSA of two Brachypodium distachyon accessions under different nutrient availability. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • We found significant differences in RSA between two Brachypodium accessions grown on nutrient-rich, low-N and low-P conditions. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • In addition, a project to resequence diverse natural accessions of Brachypodium was initiated. (usda.gov)
  • The main aim of this work is the evaluation of the genetic diversity existing in a collection of 23 wild populations of Brachypodium distachyon, collected in diverse regions of the Iberian Peninsula, using two recently marketed lines as reference. (secheresse.info)
  • Motivated by the previously "hidden" transcriptome regulated by the Arabidopsis exosome, we examined the role of ncRNAs in regulation of gene expression in two plant model systems, Arabidopsis and Brachypodium. (umsystem.edu)
  • Introduction -- The role of the arabidopsis exosome in SiRNA-independent silencing of heterochromatic loci -- Characterization of the sub-group of SmRNAs producing genomic loci affected by the defect in arabidopsis exosome complex- Stress-induced endogenous SiRNAs targeting regulatory intron sequences in brachypodium -- Conclusion and future directions -- Appendix I. List of associated publications -- Appendix II. (umsystem.edu)
  • We also produced a phylogram containing the WRKY transcription factor families from Brachypodium , rice, Arabidopsis, soybean, and Physcomitrella patens , together with published WRKY transcription factors from wheat. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As happened with Arabidopsis 10 years earlier [ 7 ], completion of the Brachypodium sequence placed this model system on the fast track for many exciting discoveries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here we show that in the grass Brachypodium sopin1 mutants have organ initiation defects similar to Arabidopsis atpin1 , while loss of PIN1 function in Brachypodium has little effect on organ initiation but alters stem growth. (elifesciences.org)
  • Heterologous expression of Brachypodium SoPIN1 and PIN1b in Arabidopsis provides further evidence of functional specificity. (elifesciences.org)
  • Plant regeneration and micropropagation of Brachypodium distachyon . (springer.com)
  • The results highlight the potential of combining the analyses of phenotypic and metabolic responses to identify key mechanisms and markers associated with drought tolerance in both the Brachypodium model plant as well as agronomically important crops. (frontiersin.org)
  • The spikelet meristem in the grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is well suited to live imaging because of the ease of dissection, small meristem size, simple arrangement of organs, and because each plant provides abundant spikelet meristems. (bio-protocol.org)
  • To add to the growing collection of Brachypodium resources available to plant scientists, we further optimized our Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated high-efficiency transformation method and generated 8,491 Brachypodium T-DNA lines. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is one of the wild grass recently introduced as a model plant for temperate cereals, closely related to pre-domesticated cereals such as barley (Hordeum vulgare). (ku.dk)
  • Brachypodium phoenicoides (L.) Roem. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Brachypodium phoenicoides is native to dry, usually open, and often sandy habitats of the northern Mediterranean region. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • In this study, we carried out the first large-scale phosphoproteome analysis of seedling leaves in Brachypodium accession Bd21 using TiO 2 microcolumns combined with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and MaxQuant software. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Only B-granules were identified in Brachypodium Bd21, and the shape variation and development of starch granules were similar in the B-granules of CS and Bd21. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Following the prelude workshop in 2011 at the National Institute for Agricultural Research in Versailles France, the 1st International Brachypodium Conference was held in the hometown of Enzo Ferrari in Modena Italy. (umass.edu)
  • Gene Atlases of Grass-Microbe Interactions This proposal seeks to build comprehensive gene atlas maps for diverse bioenergy grass-microbe interactions, including pathogenic and beneficial interactions in two grass models, Brachypodium and Setaria. (doe.gov)
  • In the JGI v1.0 assembly of Brachypodium with the MIPS/JGI v1.0 annotation, nine of the transcription factors have no gene model and eleven gene models are probably incorrectly predicted. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Differential screening of a cDNA library constructed from RNA isolated from wounded leaves of the grass Brachypodium distachyon led to the identification of a proteinase inhibitor gene (Bdpin1). (aber.ac.uk)
  • Brachypodium constitutively expressing the BdbZIP26:GFP gene showed reduced stature compared to wild type plants (WT). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The grass Brachypodium distachyon has been identified as a model system to study energy crops for the production of cellulosic ethanol. (umass.edu)
  • In addition, phylogenetic surveys indicate that some important cereal crops, such as wheat and barley, are much more closely related to Brachypodium than they are to rice, sorghum or maize [ 7 ], and therefore studies involving Brachypodium are easily translatable and more applicable to these crops than studies of other model systems. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While it would be preferable to directly study food crops (e.g., wheat) and biofuel crops (e.g., switchgrass), they are generally lacking in many of the desirable features that make Brachypodium such an excellent model system. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We have analyzed the thermal responses of the Pooid grass, Brachypodium distachyon , a model system for crops. (beds.ac.uk)
  • A rapid and efficient transformation protocol for the grass Brachypodium distachyon . (springer.com)
  • Use of Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain 18r12v and paromomycin selection for transformation of Brachypodium distachyon and Brachypodium sylvaticum . (springer.com)
  • Brachypodium starch bioengineering was demonstrated by ge-netic transformation to provide transgenic Brachypodium lines expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) driven by the barley hordein promoter. (ku.dk)
  • Transformation systems for Brachypodium and Lolium have been established. (usda.gov)
  • Brachypodium is a very attractive model system for the monocot lineage due to a number of favorable features, including its small stature, simple growth conditions, rapid life cycle, and genetic tractability [ 19 , 20 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Development of genetic and genomic research resources for Brachypodium distachyon , a new model system for grass crop research. (springer.com)
  • Moreover, besides influencing HD and biomass accumulation, vernalization was found to affect cell wall composition and free sugars accumulation in some Brachypodium inbred lines, suggesting genetic differences in how vernalization affects carbon flux to polysaccharides. (osti.gov)
  • VERNALIZATION1 ( VRN1 ), VRN2 , and FLOWERING LOCUS T ( FT ). Previous reverse genetic studies suggested that the roles of VRN1 and FT are conserved in Brachypodium distachyon yet identified considerable ambiguity surrounding the role of VRN2 . (plantphysiol.org)
  • Based on the outcome of forward and reverse genetic experiments in Brachypodium designed to elucidate cell wall composition, the prospects of applying transgenic approaches in switchgrass to manipulate these qualities can be intelligently assessed. (usda.gov)
  • The on-going research in this project has made significant progress in the development of genetic and genomic resources for Brachypodium and switchgrass. (usda.gov)
  • The genetic diversity of seven wild populations of the grass Brachypodium distachyon (2n = 10), 4 of B. stacei (2n = 20) and 13 of B. hybridum (2n = 30) from the Mediterranean and southern areas of the Iberian Peninsula was studied via the analysis of microsatellite (SSR) and inter-microsatellite (ISSR) markers. (cgiar.org)
  • CC Brachypodium distachyon chromosome 5 Brachy1.0 full sequence 1. (univ-lyon1.fr)
  • Brachypodium distachyon T-DNA insertion lines: a model pathosystem to study nonhost resistance to wheat stripe rust. (springer.com)
  • Studies of WRKY transcription factors in Brachypodium and wheat therefore promise to lead to new strategies for wheat improvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our database is a resource for both Brachypodium and wheat studies and ultimately projects aimed at improving wheat through manipulation of WRKY transcription factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We conducted the first comprehensive study of the dynamic development of starch granules and the regulation of starch biosynthesis in Brachypodium distachyon and compared the findings with those reported for common wheat (Chinese Spring, CS) and Aegilops peregrina . (beds.ac.uk)
  • Immunolocalization of mannans in the seeds of Brachypodium distachyon reveals the presence of these polysaccharides in the root embryo and in the coleorhiza in the early stages of germination (12h), decreasing thereafter to the point of being hardly detected at 27h. (upm.es)
  • Grain dormancy and light quality effects on germination in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The screening method was validated using transgenic barley grain analysed over development and germination and Brachypodium starch. (ku.dk)
  • Taken together, these results show that Brachypodium displays substantial phenotypic variation with respect to cell wall composition and biomass digestibility, with some compositional differences correlating with growth characteristics. (osti.gov)
  • In this study, initial screening of a Brachypodium germplasm collection consisting of 138 different ecotypes exposed to progressive drought, highlighted the natural variation in morphology, biomass accumulation, and responses to drought stress. (frontiersin.org)
  • Identify induced and natural variation in traits relevant to biomass crop improvement using the model grass Brachypodium. (usda.gov)
  • Here, we use flow cytometry and root-tip squashes to examine the cytotype distribution in the temperate annual grass Brachypodium distachyon in 57 natural populations distributed across an aridity gradient in the Iberian Peninsula. (umn.edu)
  • We also investigated the role of smRNAs in biotic and abiotic stress responses in Brachypodium. (umsystem.edu)
  • To facilitate use of our data, we have produced The Database of Brachypodium distachyon WRKY Transcription Factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This phylogenetic tree provides evidence for orthologues, co-orthologues, and paralogues of Brachypodium WRKY transcription factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Brachypodium Sanbi Red List of South African Plants Soreng, Robert J. (wikipedia.org)
  • Develop functional genomic resources and experimental methods that enable Brachypodium to be used as a model grass. (usda.gov)
  • The 2012 Best Talk Award went to Pubudu Handakumbura , who presented a talk titled, "BdMYB48 directly controls the accumulation of biomass in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon . (umass.edu)
  • Generation and characterization of the western regional research center Brachypodium T-DNA insertional mutant collection. (springer.com)
  • Brachypodium distachyon grain: characterization of endosperm cell walls. (semanticscholar.org)
  • EST hits and full-length cDNA sequences (from Brachypodium database) of 126 R-like candidates supported their existence. (hindawi.com)
  • Stress-induced endogenous siRNAs targeting regulatory intron sequences in Brachypodium. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Previously, we have shown that temperature-dependent non-target site (NTS) resistance of Brachypodium hybridum is due to enhanced detoxification of acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibitors. (frontiersin.org)
  • We describe the creation of two high quality, publicly available Gateway™ cDNA entry libraries and their derived Y2H libraries for Brachypodium. (biomedcentral.com)