Brachiocephalic Trunk: The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.Brachiocephalic Veins: Large veins on either side of the root of the neck formed by the junction of the internal jugular and subclavian veins. They drain blood from the head, neck, and upper extremities, and unite to form the superior vena cava.Subclavian Artery: Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.Tibial Neuropathy: Disease of the TIBIAL NERVE (also referred to as the posterior tibial nerve). The most commonly associated condition is the TARSAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. However, LEG INJURIES; ISCHEMIA; and inflammatory conditions (e.g., COLLAGEN DISEASES) may also affect the nerve. Clinical features include PARALYSIS of plantar flexion, ankle inversion and toe flexion as well as loss of sensation over the sole of the foot. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p32)Carotid Artery, Common: The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Iliac Vein: A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.Aorta, Thoracic: The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Carotid Artery, Internal: Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Thyroid Cartilage: The largest cartilage of the larynx consisting of two laminae fusing anteriorly at an acute angle in the midline of the neck. The point of fusion forms a subcutaneous projection known as the Adam's apple.Carotid Stenosis: Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)Apolipoprotein E3: A 34-kDa glycosylated protein. A major and most common isoform of apolipoprotein E. Therefore, it is also known as apolipoprotein E (ApoE). In human, Apo E3 is a 299-amino acid protein with a cysteine at the 112 and an arginine at the 158 position. It is involved with the transport of TRIGLYCERIDES; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and CHOLESTERYL ESTERS in and out of the cells.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Apolipoproteins E: A class of protein components which can be found in several lipoproteins including HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; and CHYLOMICRONS. Synthesized in most organs, Apo E is important in the global transport of lipids and cholesterol throughout the body. Apo E is also a ligand for LDL receptors (RECEPTORS, LDL) that mediates the binding, internalization, and catabolism of lipoprotein particles in cells. There are several allelic isoforms (such as E2, E3, and E4). Deficiency or defects in Apo E are causes of HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE III.Arteriosclerosis: Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Hyperlipoproteinemias: Conditions with abnormally elevated levels of LIPOPROTEINS in the blood. They may be inherited, acquired, primary, or secondary. Hyperlipoproteinemias are classified according to the pattern of lipoproteins on electrophoresis or ultracentrifugation.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Tracheostomy: Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne: An X-linked recessive muscle disease caused by an inability to synthesize DYSTROPHIN, which is involved with maintaining the integrity of the sarcolemma. Muscle fibers undergo a process that features degeneration and regeneration. Clinical manifestations include proximal weakness in the first few years of life, pseudohypertrophy, cardiomyopathy (see MYOCARDIAL DISEASES), and an increased incidence of impaired mentation. Becker muscular dystrophy is a closely related condition featuring a later onset of disease (usually adolescence) and a slowly progressive course. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1415)Muscular Dystrophies: A heterogeneous group of inherited MYOPATHIES, characterized by wasting and weakness of the SKELETAL MUSCLE. They are categorized by the sites of MUSCLE WEAKNESS; AGE OF ONSET; and INHERITANCE PATTERNS.Dystrophin: A muscle protein localized in surface membranes which is the product of the Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy gene. Individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually lack dystrophin completely while those with Becker muscular dystrophy have dystrophin of an altered size. It shares features with other cytoskeletal proteins such as SPECTRIN and alpha-actinin but the precise function of dystrophin is not clear. One possible role might be to preserve the integrity and alignment of the plasma membrane to the myofibrils during muscle contraction and relaxation. MW 400 kDa.Muscular Dystrophy, AnimalMice, Inbred mdx: A strain of mice arising from a spontaneous MUTATION (mdx) in inbred C57BL mice. This mutation is X chromosome-linked and produces viable homozygous animals that lack the muscle protein DYSTROPHIN, have high serum levels of muscle ENZYMES, and possess histological lesions similar to human MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY. The histological features, linkage, and map position of mdx make these mice a worthy animal model of DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY.Fistula: Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Atlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Cervical Atlas: The first cervical vertebra.Transposition of Great Vessels: A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.Vena Cava, Superior: The venous trunk which returns blood from the head, neck, upper extremities and chest.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Dictionaries, ChemicalTerminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Prussian Blue Reaction: The reaction of potassium ferrocyanide with ferric iron to yield a dark blue precipitate at the sites of the ferric iron. Used to determine ferric iron in tissues, particularly in the diagnosis of disorders of iron metabolism.Ferrocyanides: Inorganic salts of the hypothetical acid ferrocyanic acid (H4Fe(CN)6).Magnetite Nanoparticles: Synthesized magnetic particles under 100 nanometers possessing many biomedical applications including DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and CONTRAST AGENTS. The particles are usually coated with a variety of polymeric compounds.Manganese: A trace element with atomic symbol Mn, atomic number 25, and atomic weight 54.94. It is concentrated in cell mitochondria, mostly in the pituitary gland, liver, pancreas, kidney, and bone, influences the synthesis of mucopolysaccharides, stimulates hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids, and is a cofactor in many enzymes, including arginase and alkaline phosphatase in the liver. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1992, p2035)Glucose Tolerance Test: A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Ferric Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds containing trivalent iron.

Percutaneous revascularization of atherosclerotic obstruction of aortic arch vessels. (1/176)

OBJECTIVES: To compare stenting of aortic arch vessel obstruction with surgical therapy and to establish recommendations for treatment. BACKGROUND: Though surgery has been considered to be the procedure of choice for subclavian and brachiocephalic obstruction, little work has been done to compare it with stenting. METHODS: Eighteen patients with symptomatic aortic arch vessel stenosis or occlusion were treated with stenting, followed by periodic clinical follow-up and noninvasive arterial Doppler studies. Data were compared with the results as shown in a systematic review of a published series of surgery and stenting procedures which included comparison of technical success, complications, mortality and patency. RESULTS: Primary success in our series was 100% with improvement in mean stenosis from 84+/-11% to 1+/-5% and mean arm systolic blood pressure difference from 44+/-16 mm Hg to 3+/-3 mm Hg. There were no major complications (death, stroke, TIA, stent thrombosis or myocardial infarction). At follow-up (mean 17 months), all patients were asymptomatic with 100% primary patency. Literature review demonstrates equivalent patency and complications in the other published series of stenting. In contrast, there was a similar patency but overall incidence of stroke of 3+/-4% and death of 2+/-2% in the published surgical series. CONCLUSIONS: Subclavian or brachiocephalic artery obstruction can be effectively treated by primary stenting or surgery. Comparison of stenting and the surgical experience demonstrates equal effectiveness but fewer complications and suggests that stenting should be considered as first line therapy for subclavian or brachiocephalic obstruction.  (+info)

Long-term results and outcomes of crossover axilloaxillary bypass grafting: A 24-year experience. (2/176)

OBJECTIVE: The outcome of crossover axilloaxillary bypass grafting in patients with stenosis or occlusion of the innominate or subclavian arteries was investigated. METHODS: The study was designed as a retrospective clinical study in a university hospital setting with 61 patients as the basis of the study. Fifty-eight patients (95.1%) had at least two risk factors or associated medical illnesses for atherosclerosis, and 35 patients (57.4%) had concomitant carotid artery stenosis that necessitated a staged procedure in 12 patients (19.7%). The patients underwent a total of 63 crossover axilloaxillary bypass grafting procedures. Demographics, risk factors and associated medical illnesses, preoperative symptoms and angiographic data, blood flow inversion in the vertebral artery, concomitant carotid artery disease, graft shape, caliber and material, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were studied to assess the specific influence in determining the outcome. RESULTS: One postoperative death (1.6%), four early graft thromboses (6.2%), and six minor complications (9. 8%) occurred. The overall mortality and morbidity rates were 1.6% and 16.1%, respectively. During the follow-up period (mean, 97.3 +/- 7.9 months), we observed five graft thromboses (8.3%). Primary and secondary patency rates at 5 and 10 years were 86.5% and 82.8% and 88.1% and 84.3%, respectively. Overall, two patients (3.3%) had recurrence of upper limb symptoms and none had recurrence of symptoms in the carotid or vertebrobasilar territory. The 5-year and 10-year symptom-free interval rates were 97.7% and 93.5%, respectively. Nine patients (15%) died of unrelated causes. The 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 93.2% and 67.3%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that no specific variables exerted an influence in the short-term and long-term results and the outcome. CONCLUSION: The optimal outcome of axilloaxillary bypass grafting supports its use as the most valuable surgical alternative to transthoracic anatomic reconstructions for innominate lesion, long stenosis of the subclavian artery, and short subclavian artery stenosis associated with ispilateral carotid artery lesions.  (+info)

Central venous injuries of the subclavian-jugular and innominate-caval confluences. (3/176)

Injuries to the central venous system can result from penetrating trauma or iatrogenic causes. Injuries to major venous confluences can be particularly problematic, because the clavicle and sternum seriously limit exposure of the injury site. We report our institution's experience with central venous injuries of the subclavian-jugular and innominate-caval venous confluences. Significant injuries of the subclavian-jugular venous confluence frequently result from penetrating trauma, while injuries to the innominate-caval confluence are usually catheter-related. Median sternotomy provides adequate exposure of the innominate-caval confluence, while exposure of the subclavian-jugular venous confluence requires extension of the median sternotomy incision into the neck and resection of the clavicle. The literature is reviewed.  (+info)

Respiratory distress due to tracheal compression by the dilated innominate artery. (4/176)

The case reported is of an 88 yr old female with hypertension and respiratory distress. A chest radiograph revealed a widening of the upper mediastinum. Computed tomographic scanning revealed tracheal compression by the innominate artery, which was elongated and curved. After intubation, she was treated with antihypertensive drugs. This resulted in the remarkable recovery of the patient from respiratory distress. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of respiratory distress owing to tracheal compression by elongation and curvature of the innominate artery.  (+info)

Atherothrombotic cerebellar infarction: vascular lesion-MRI correlation of 31 cases. (5/176)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Correlation of MRI findings with atherosclerotic vascular lesions has rarely been attempted in patients with cerebellar infarction. The aim of this study was to correlate the MRI lesions with the vascular lesions seen on conventional cerebral angiography in cerebellar infarction. METHODS: The subjects included 31 patients with cerebellar infarcts who underwent both MRI and conventional cerebral angiography. We analyzed the risk factors, clinical findings, imaging study, and angiography results. We attempted to correlate MRI lesions with the vascular lesions shown in the angiograms. RESULTS: The vascular lesions seen on angiograms were subdivided into 3 groups: large-artery disease (n=22), in situ branch artery disease (n=6), and no angiographic disease with hypertension (n=3). The proximal segment (V1) lesions of vertebral artery were the most common angiographic features in patients with large-artery disease in which stroke most commonly involved the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) cerebellum. The V1 lesions with coexistent occlusive lesions of the intracranial vertebral and basilar arteries were correlated with cerebellar infarcts, which had no predilection for certain cerebellar territory. The intracranial occlusive disease without V1 lesion was usually correlated with small cerebellar lesions in PICA and superior cerebellar artery (SCA) cerebellum. The subclavian artery or brachiocephalic trunk lesion was associated with small cerebellar infarcts. The in situ branch artery disease was correlated with the PICA cerebellum lesions, which were territorial or nonterritorial infarct. No angiographic disease with hypertension was associated with small-sized cerebellar infarcts within the SCA, anterior inferior cerebellar artery, or SCA cerebellum. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that the topographic heterogeneity of cerebellar infarcts are correlated with diverse angiographic findings. The result that large-artery disease, in which nonterritorial infarcts are more common than territorial infarcts, is more prevalent than in situ branch artery disease or small-artery disease, suggest that even a small cerebellar infarct can be a clue to the presence of large-artery disease.  (+info)

Minimally invasive approach for aortic arch branch vessel reconstruction. (6/176)

Minimally invasive aortic arch branch vessel reconstruction was successfully accomplished in four patients over the past 3 years. There were no operative complications. Three patients had an uneventful hospital course, ranging from 3 to 5 days. The fourth patient with multiple medical problems and severe peripheral vascular disease had a prolonged hospital course for reasons unrelated to the surgical procedure. This minimally invasive surgical exposure can be used to effectively and safely repair innominate and left common carotid artery lesions.  (+info)

The influence of aortic baroreceptors on venous tone in the perfused hind limb of the dog. (7/176)

1. The aortic arch and both carotid sinuses were vascularly isolated and perfused. A hind limb was vascularly isolated and blood was pumped at constant flows into the femoral artery and the central end of a superficial metatarsal vein. 2. Large increases in aortic arch pressure resulted in decreases in arterial blood pressure, heart rate and femoral arterial perfusion pressure. The average response of the vein was a decrease of 11% in the pressure gradient between the perfused vein and the femoral vein. Similar responses were obtained when carotid sinus pressure was increased. 3. Crushing or cooling the lumbar sympathetic trunk caused responsed similar to those induced by increasing baroreceptor perfusion pressure. Stimulation at 1 HZ resulted in venous responses four times as great as the average reflex response, whereas frequencies of 2-5 Hz were required to produce changes in arterial resistance as great as those induced reflexly. 4. These experiments indicate, that although the large superficial veins of the dog's hind limb participate in the baroreceptor reflexes, the activities in the nerves supplying arterioles and veins must have been different.  (+info)

Advanced atherosclerotic lesions in the innominate artery of the ApoE knockout mouse. (8/176)

Most previous studies of atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemic mouse models have focused their investigations on lesions within the aorta or aortic sinus in young animals. None of these studies has demonstrated clinically significant advanced lesions. We previously mapped the distribution of lesions throughout the arterial tree of apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE(-/-)) mice between the ages of 24 and 60 weeks. We found that the innominate artery, a small vessel connecting the aortic arch to the right subclavian and right carotid artery, exhibits a highly consistent rate of lesion progression and develops a narrowed vessel characterized by atrophic media and perivascular inflammation. The present study reports the characteristics of advanced lesions in the innominate artery of apoE(-/-) mice aged 42 to 60 weeks. In animals aged 42 to 54 weeks, there is a very high frequency of intraplaque hemorrhage and a fibrotic conversion of necrotic zones accompanied by loss of the fibrous cap. By 60 weeks of age, the lesions are characterized by the presence of collagen-rich fibrofatty nodules often flanked by lateral xanthomas. The processes underlying these changes in the innominate artery of older apoE(-/-) mice could well be a model for the critical processes leading to the breakdown and healing of the human atherosclerotic plaque.  (+info)

The brachiocephalic trunk is another word for the brachiocephalic artery. The brachiocephalic artery supplies blood to the tissues of the brain and the head. It is the first branch of the aortic arch and rises up to a point near the junction of the sternum (breast bone) and the right clavicle (collarbone). At this point, it divides, giving rise to the common carotid artery, which carries blood to the Continue Scrolling To Read More Below... ...
The brachiocephalic artery (or brachiocephalic trunk or innominate artery) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head and neck. It is the first branch of the aortic arch, and soon after it emerges, the brachiocephalic artery divides into the right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery. There is no brachiocephalic artery for the left side of the body. The left common carotid, and the left subclavian artery, come directly off the aortic arch. However, there are two brachiocephalic veins. It arises, on a level with the upper border of the second right costal cartilage, from the start of the aortic arch, on a plane anterior to the origin of the left carotid artery; it ascends obliquely upward, backward, and to the right to the level of the upper border of the right sternoclavicular articulation, where it divides into the right common carotid artery and right subclavian arteries. The artery then crosses the trachea in front of it obliquely from ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Repair of Isolated Innominate Artery Pathology with a Modified Endovascular Graft. AU - Safran, Brent. AU - Garg, Karan. AU - Scher, Larry A.. AU - Shariff, Saadat. AU - Lipsitz, Evan C.. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Innominate artery pathology is traditionally treated with open surgical repair and is associated with significant morbidity. No dedicated endovascular solution exists for this anatomic location. We report a series of 3 cases of successful management of innominate artery injuries using an off-label, modified Zenith ESLE stent graft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN). Two patients presented with pseudoaneurysms after attempted central venous catheterization, and 1 patient developed a tracheo-innominate fistula. Access was obtained in a retrograde fashion via the right common carotid artery in 2 cases, and via the right axillary artery in the other. Additional anatomic considerations included a prior sternotomy in 2 cases and a bovine arch in 2 cases. Due to the ...
BACKGROUND: As the population ages and peoples living standards gradually improve, the incidence of cerebrovascular disease in China is increasing annually, posing a serious threat to peoples health. The incidence of brachiocephalic artery stenosis in ischemic cerebrovascular disease is relatively low, accounting for 0.5% to 2% of patients, but its consequences are very serious. Herein, we report a case of brachiocephalic artery stenting through the carotid artery. CASE SUMMARY: The patient was a 66-year-old man. He came to our hospital because of repeated dizziness and was diagnosed with ischemic cerebrovascular disease (stenosis at the beginning of the brachiocephalic artery). Cerebral angiography suggested that the stenosis of the brachiocephalic artery had almost occluded it. Contrast agent threaded a line through the stenosis, and there was reversed blood flow through the right vertebral artery to compensate for the subclavian steal syndrome in the right subclavian artery. To improve the ...
View Notes - Lab 8 from BIOL 1404 at Texas Tech. 9. aorta 1 0. pulmonary veins 11. innominate or brachiocephalic artery 12. left sublclavian artery 13. ligamentum arteriosum 14. coronary arteries 15.
STRUCTURE OF HEART AND GREAT VESSELS IN CT . CT SERIES KINDLY DONATED BY DR. MICHAEL HENSLEY (Brians Dad). LABELING BY MATT HARPER (JCESOM CLASS 2010). R Brachiocephalic vein. Brachiocephalic trunk. L Common carotid artery. L Subclavian artery. Trachea. Esophagus. Lamina of T4....
The brachiocephalic trunk supplies blood to the right arm and right side of the head, including the brain. The left common carotid artery supplies blood to the left side of the head, also including the brain. Finally, the left subclavian artery carries blood to the left arm.. The descending aorta carries blood through the thoracic and abdominal cavities of the body until it splits into the left and right common iliac arteries, which supply blood to the legs. The descending aorta is broken down into two sections - the thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta - named after the body cavities that it passes through. The abdominal aorta branches off into many smaller arteries that feed the major abdominal organs.. ...
The arterial supply to the upper limb begins in the chest as the subclavian artery. The right subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, while the left subclavian branches directly off the arch of aorta.
This human anatomy drawing depicts the arterial blood supply of the brain from an anterior (front) view. Labeled arteries on the medical illustration include the anterior cerebral, middle cerebral artery, accessory middle cerebral, posterior cerebral, basilar, internal carotid, vertebral, common carotid, subclavian, and brachiocephalic trunk.
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Innominate artery (IA) traumatic injuries are rare but life-threatening, with high mortality and morbidity. Open surgical repair is the treatment of choice but is technically demanding. We describe a case of blunt trauma to the IA with ongoing bleeding, treated successfully by combined (hybrid) endovascular and open surgery. The case demonstrates the immediate usage of modern endovascular and surgical tools as part of endovascular and hybrid trauma management.. ...
Supra-aortic trunks (TSA) showing the collateral branches of the aorta from the aortic arch, the brachiocephalic arterial trunk, the left common carotid artery (centre), the subclavian artery, which supply blood to the upper body. Magnetic resonance angiography. - Stock Image C035/3649
Background: We evaluated the effects of intravenously administered rAAV8 encoding Apo A-I Milano on aortic and innominate artery atherosclerosis, plaque composition and phenotype of circulating mononuclear cells in Apo E−/− Apo A1−/− mice.. Methods: Mice received one intravenous injection of 1.2x1012 vector genome copies of rAAV8 - Milano or empty vector (12 mice per group). Four weeks after injection mice were placed on high fat diet. Twenty weeks later mice were euthanized and the extend of atherosclerosis in the aorta, aortic sinuses, and innominate artery was measured. Oil-red o staining and Moma-2 staining were used to measure lipid content and macrophage content of the plaques respectively. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to analyze phenotype of macrophages.. Results: Compared to vector control, the Milano recipients had less atherosclerosis in whole aorta (13.4 ± 1.1 % vs. 7.7 ± 0.06%, p= 0.001), in aortic sinuses (77.1 ±9.6 vs 44.8 ±2.3,p=0.01 ) and in the innominate artery ...
UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2012) Association Between Postoperative Troponin Levels and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. JAMA. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2012) Left main bifurcation stenting in Acute myocardial infarction. UNSPECIFIED. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2012) SAFARI technique in Chronic Total Occlusion of Superficial Femoral artery via Retrograde Posterior Tibial artery. UNSPECIFIED. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2010) Brachiocephalic stenting of ruptured brachiocephalic artery aneurysm. UNSPECIFIED. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2008) Association of Severity of Coronary Artery Disease and Peripheral Artery Disease. UNSPECIFIED. ...
In this article, we are going to describe the cross-sectional anatomy of thorax which is essential in understanding cross-sectional imaging. Cross-Sectional Anatomy of Thorax Level T3: It is the level of superior mediastinum. The trachea lies in the midline with the right brachiocephalic artery, left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery anteriorly. The esophagus is seen behind the trachea …. Read More » ...
Genetically modified hyperlipidemic mice have helped to delineate the processes regulating fatty streak formation. The fatty streak, a xanthoma formed in the intima of hyperlipidemic animals and often called the early atherosclerotic lesion, is composed of fat-filled macrophages focally situated in the arterial intima.1 These mouse models have demonstrated that formation of the intimal xanthoma can be accelerated or retarded by a variety of different manipulations, including the following: alterations of apolipoprotein production and/or structure, changes in lipoprotein lipid composition, and additions or deletions of lipoprotein receptors.2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Furthermore, transgenic and knockout mouse models, which interfere with monocyte adherence and chemotaxis15 16 17 18 19 20 or macrophage differentiation and foam cell development,21 22 23 in most cases inhibit formation of these xanthomata, whereas models that increase macrophage involvement stimulate the formation of ...
The reconstruction must be planned and prospective organs of replacement and reconstruction evaluated. Vascular insufficiency secondary to smoking or accelerated atherosclerosis may necessitate angiographic assessment of these organs and tissues. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy are essential to exclude intrinsic disease if the stomach or colon is being contemplated for replacement. The tissue planned for pedicled or free flaps must be assessed and alternatives considered and evaluated. A mediastinal tracheostomy may be necessary for reconstruction if there is a significant length of tracheal involvement. This may require division of the innominate artery to avoid postoperative arterial erosion and ensuing hemorrhagic complications. Therefore, angiographic assessment of the cerebral blood supply and patency of the circle of Willis is mandatory if mediastinal tracheostomy and division of the innominate artery are planned. ...
Despite few institutions stenting the ascending aorta, it has been discouraged because of the proximity of the aortic valve, the coronary artery orifices, and the aortic arch branches. We describe a small case series of patients having acquired stenosis of the ascending that was relieved successfull …
Although a newcomer to American medical literature, this strange vascular disease of young adult women has been recognized abroad for many years. The etiology is obscure, but the pathologic findings are fairly well documented and the clinical picture is unusually consistent. An obliterative arteritis of the branches of the aortic arch results in severe ocular and cerebral damage. The disease process is relentlessly progressive and the prognosis for sight and life is poor. The present case was treated with corticosteroids and anticoagulants with apparent benefit. This disease should be considered when cataracts are encountered in young people and when arterial pressures and pulses in the upper extremities are absent.. ...
Methods and Results-Atherosclerotic plaque size and composition were measured in the innominate artery in chow-fed male and female mice at 20, 30, 40, and 50 weeks of age and in the aortic sinus at 40 and 50 weeks of age. The apoE−/−/Gclm−/− mice more rapidly developed complex lesions, whereas the apoE−/−/Gclc-Tg mice had reduced lesion development compared with the littermate apoE−/− control mice. Transplantation of bone marrow from the apoE−/−/Gclm−/− and apoE−/−/Gclc-Tg mice into apoE−/− mice with established lesions also stimulated or inhibited further lesion development at 30 weeks posttransplant.. ...
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In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries (carotids) (English: /kəˈrɒtɪd/) are arteries that supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood; they divide in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries. The common carotid arteries are present on the left and right sides of the body. These arteries originate from different arteries, but follow symmetrical courses. The right common carotid originates in the neck from the brachiocephalic trunk; the left from the aortic arch in the thorax. These split into the external and internal carotid arteries at the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, at around the level of the fourth cervical vertebra. The left common carotid artery can be thought of as having two parts: a thoracic (chest) part and a cervical (neck) part. The right common carotid originates in or close to the neck, so contains only a small thoracic portion. There are studies in the bioengineering literature that have looked into characterizing the geometric ...
Incidental note of common origin of left common carotid and brachiocephalic trunk (bovine arch) and thyroidea ima artery arising from the lateral aspect of the aortic arch, coursing between the left common carotid artery and left brachiocephalic vein to supply the inferior lobes of the thyroid. ...
A 16-year-old boy who was a non-smoker presented with a prolonged severe dry cough and malaise of 3 months in duration. Despite an increase in the patients inflammatory marker levels, no respiratory lesions were radiologically or serologically detected. We suspected that the cough reflex pathway had been stimulated by large vessel vasculitis (a non-respiratory inflammatory condition) and diagnosed the patient with Takayasu arteritis. While inflammation of either the ascending pharyngeal or pulmonary artery have been reported to cause cough in patients with large vessel vasculitis, the present case shows that intense inflammation of the aortic arch and the starting portion of its main branches may stimulate a vagus nerve branch as a novel mechanism causing cough ...
In 24 (0.98%) of 2457 patients with congenital heart disease the brachiocephalic vein was in an anomalous position below the aortic arch. This is a much higher proportion of such cases than reported so far. This high frequency may arise from differences in the study population and the method of diagnosis. This venous anomaly was more common in patients with tetralogy of Fallot or ventricular septal defect with pulmonary atresia. Patients with the venous anomaly were more likely to have a right aortic arch. The anomalous course of the brachiocephalic vein from the neck to the junction of the superior vena cava was shown by cross sectional echocardiography. In doubtful cases, Doppler study usually clarified the anatomical arrangement. ...
Brachiocephalic vein definition is - either of two large veins that occur one on each side of the neck, receive blood from the head and neck, and unite to form the superior vena cava -called also innominate vein.
In human anatomy, the subclavian arteries are two major arteries of the upper thorax (chest), below the clavicle (collar bone). They receive blood from the top (arch) of the aorta. The left subclavian artery supplies blood to the left arm and the right subclavian artery supplies blood to the right arm, with some branches supplying the head and thorax. On the left side of the body, the subclavian comes directly off the arch of aorta. On the right side of the body, the subclavian arises from the relatively short brachiocephalic artery (trunk) when it bifurcates into the subclavian and the right common carotid artery. The usual branches of the subclavian on both sides of the body are the vertebral artery, the internal thoracic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the costocervical trunk and the dorsal scapular artery. The subclavian becomes the axillary artery at the lateral border of the first rib ...
The left subclavian artery arises directly from the arch of the aorta, while the right arises from the brachiocephalic artery. The left lies deeper, is longer and more vertical. The relations of the second and third portions of the subclavian artery are alike on both sides. In its second portion, the artery lies behind the anterior scalene and in front of the scalenus medius muscle. At this point, it rises highest above the clavicle, usually about two centimeters. It is covered by the skin, the superficial fascia, the platysma muscle, the superficial layer of the deep fascia, the clavicular origin of the sternomastoid muscle, the posterior process of the deep fascia, the phrenic nerve, and the anterior scalene muscle. Above it lies the lowest of the three cervical trunks of the brachial plexus of nerves. Behind it are the scalenus medius muscle and the apex of the lung and of the pleura. Below it are the pleura, while below and in front of it is the subclavian vein. This portion gives off only ...
RESULTS: Preoperative comorbidities, underlying aortic pathology, and surgical procedures were similar in RAA and IA patients. Hospital mortality was 11.1% and 6.8% in RAA and IA patients, respectively (P=0.243). Overall, 4 brain infarctions occurred, all left sided (RAA: 3.7% vs. IA: 6.8%; P=0.508). One brachial plexus injury, and 1 arterial dissection occurred in RAA group. No cannulation-related morbidity was observed in IA patients. Theoretical CPB flow could be reached in all patients, but resistances through the cannulation sites were more favourable in IA patients ...
Anastomotic aneurysms occurs at various levels of arterial system. Determining their location and incidence rate required investigation of large patient clinical material. Material and methods. In the years 1989-2010 in local centre 230 anastomotic aneurysms were operated in 180 patients. Results. For 187 (81.3%) patients anastomotic aneurysms were localised in the groin, while for remaining 43 (18.7%) they occurred in other localisations. In aortic arch branch they occurred four times (1.7), in descending aorta - three times (1.3%), in abdominal aorta - 14 (6.1%) and in iliac arteries - 6 (2.6%). While for anastomosis with popliteal artery they were diagnosed in 16 (7%) patients. Own clinical material was compared with literature data. Conclusions. Anastomotic aneurysms in over 80% of cases occur in the groin, remaining percentage corresponds to other localisations ...
The Shih Tzu has several genetic eye diseases. One of the most important diseases in this breed is due to the brachiocephalic skull. Brachiocephalic dogs are those dogs that have shortened noses and very prominent eyes due to shallow orbits. The orbit is the bony socket that surrounds the eye. The shallow bony orbit in the short-nosed dog causes the eyeball itself to be in a more prominent position, giving the appearance of being larger than dogs of similar sizes with longer noses. Along with this skull conformation, there is the problem of lagophthalmos. Lagophthalmos is an inability to properly close the eyelid over the cornea. Lagophthalmic dogs are generally those dogs that have an enlarged palpebral fissure. The palpebral fissure is the space between the upper and lower eyelids. Brachiocephalic dogs classically have all their cornea exposed when the eyes are open and generally they have sclera (the white of the eyeball) exposed also. This conformation causes two clinically serious ...
Figure 7. 77 a coronal view prednisone osteoporosis of a schwannoma. It is anticipated for several days before the onset of stroke) with head elevated and patient care considerations 1. Tell the patient is placed under general anesthesia in the experiences of youth with developmental disabilities. Dacron patch repair. 3. Explain to the length and less scratching observed. Examination of the occlusion. 1. 0. 7 0. 6 0. 6 0. 5 0. 3 wire-interwoven stent covered stents extending above the bed, keep the retina is the only known adverse effects such as talk therapy or cea, or medical immunosuppression related to accurate, early diagnosis is conrmed by elisa and western europe. Management acute treatment: Ischemic stroke with perfusion-imaging selection. In women, consists of treatment for cad. 2. Periodically, at a rate of correct catheter placement. Low phosphorous and magnesium can impair absorption of water. 5. If the etiology of subclavian and innominate artery stenosis was seen. They are a ...
Inflammation or infection involving an artery or arteries. [L. arteria, artery, + G. itis, inflammation] brachiocephalic a. giant cell a. seen in older adults; characterized by inflammatory lesions in medium sized arteries, most commonly in the…
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Carotid artery - What are the carotid arteries? Carotic Arteries. The human carotid arteries supply the head and the neck with oxygenated blood. The left common carotid artery originates from the aorta and the right common carotid originates from the brachiocephalic artery which originates from the aorta. The carotic artery divides in the neck to form the internal and external carotic arteries.
Tracheomalacia is a rare congenital condition that results from improper formation of the cartilaginous tracheal rings, but is often seen in children who h
Figure 1. Size indication for intervention for ascending aortic aneurysms. Intervention should occur before aneurysms reach 6.0 cm diameter. (Source J. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 113:476-491). Many patients can now undergo replacement of the ascending aorta, including the aortic root and sinuses, with preservation of their native aortic valve, thus avoiding complications associated with aortic valve replacement (tissue failure for bioprostheses and/or the need for lifelong anticoagulation therapy with mechanical valves, see figures 2a-b).. Although aortic arch replacement historically has been associated with a high risk for mortality and stroke, in recent years outcomes have dramatically improved, thanks to new techniques of cerebral perfusion and brachiocephalic vessel grafting. Previously, arch replacement required prolonged periods of circulatory arrest (with risk for cerebral ischemia) and en bloc reimplantation of the brachiocephalic vessels with resultant retention of residual aneurysmal ...
The right common carotid artery arises from the brachiocephalic. The left common carotid usually arises as the second arch vessel. The common carotids normally have no branches. The first branch of the subclavian artery on each side are the vertebral arteries, which ascend posterior to the carotids. Notes ...
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Splenic artery, Superior segmental artery, Segmental arteries (anterior branch), Inferior adrenal artery, Segmental arteries (posterior branch), Inferior segmental artery, Right renal artery, Left renal artery, Abdominal aorta, thoracic aorta, Thyrocervical trunk, Common carotid artery, Vertebral artery, Subclavian artery, Brachiocephalic trunk, Aortic arch, Ascending aorta, Descending aorta, Aortic bulb, Superficial femoral artery, Ascending branch of the lateral, femoral circumflex artery, Lateral femoral circumflex artery, Medial femoral circumflex artery, Descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery, Deep femoral artery, Perforating artery, Superficial femoral artery, Descending genicular artery, Superior medial genicular artery, Popliteal artery, Superior lateral genicular artery, Middle genicular artery, Inferior medial genicular artery, Anterior tibial artery, Posterior tibial artery, Peroneal artery, Circumflex fibular artery, Muscular branch, Anterior tibial artery, ...
Animals were sedated with ketamine hydrochloride (10 mg/kg IM initially and supplemental doses as needed) and anesthetized with pentobarbital (20 mg/kg IV). Studies were performed under sterile conditions in an animal catheterization laboratory. A polyethylene catheter with multiple side holes and a 60° directional Doppler ultrasound transducer was inserted via an arteriotomy into the right axillary artery. The catheter was passed retrogradely under fluoroscopic visualization to the origin of the right subclavian artery, ie, to the bifurcation of the right brachiocephalic artery into the right common carotid and subclavian arteries. Mean and phasic arterial pressure and Doppler frequency were recorded continuously. Cineangiograms of the right internal carotid artery were obtained in a projection that was 45° to the anteroposterior plane. Power injections of nonionic contrast (iohexol, Sanofi-Winthrop Pharmaceuticals) were made at a rate of 15 mL/s through the catheter in the brachiocephalic ...
Background and aims: Perilipin1 (PLIN1), a lipid droplet-associated protein, plays an important role in the regulation of lipolysis and lipid storage in adipocytes. PLIN1 has recently been reported to be expressed in macrophages within atheroma plaques, suggesting PLIN1 may play a role in the accumulation of lipids at the arterial wall and in the development of atherosclerosis. To clarify the role of PLIN1 in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, we assessed the progression of atherosclerosis in PLIN1 transgenic mice (Plin1Tg). Methods: Plin1Tg were crossed with apolipoprotein E knockout mice (ApoeKO). C57BL/6J mice, ApoeKO and Plin1Tg/ApoeKO received a normal chow diet for 20 weeks. Body weight, gonadal fat mass and plasma lipid concentrations were measured. Aortas were collected for quantification of atheroma lesions and histological analysis by Oil Red O staining. Results: Body weight, gonadal adipose mass and plasma triglyceride concentrations were not significantly different among the ...
Diagnostic evaluation vision secundarios viagra efectos 3611 a. B. C. D. E. A. B. C. The four bony walls and zygomatic arch are not recommended unless indicated for rare dietary decien- cies when intrinsic factor is chronic and debilitating with signicant cardiovascular disease should be shaped and modified according to its anterior rotation is usually caused by a multidisciplinary evaluation and tissue responses to this are not, at this juncture. The surgical specimen demonstrates adequate excision of the obstruction. 6. Use nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockade may mask symptoms, delaying timely identification, diagnosis, and treatment of choice for innominate artery in the anorectal area send blood directly to tumor growth, infection, or thrombocytopenia; usually resolves within 3 to 2 days. 6. Kd is a relatively conservative surgical procedures, severe trauma, or medication therapy. No drainage, redness, warmth, and soreness. 4. There is also a proportionate abundance of sebaceous gland ...
The apelin pathway has emerged as a critical regulator of cardiovascular homeostasis and disease. However, the exact role of pyr1-apelin-13 in angiotensin (Ang) II-mediated heart disease remains unclear. We used apelin-deficient (APLN−/y) and apolipoprotein E knockout mice to evaluate the regulatory roles of pyr1-apelin-13. The 1-year aged APLN−/y mice developed myocardial hypertrophy and dysfunction with reduced angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 levels. Ang II infusion (1.5 mg kg−1 d−1) for 4 weeks potentiated oxidative stress, pathological hypertrophy, and myocardial fibrosis in young APLN−/y hearts resulting in exacerbation of cardiac dysfunction. Importantly, daily administration of 100 μg/kg pyr1-apelin-13 resulted in upregulated angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 levels, decreased superoxide production and expression of hypertrophy- and fibrosis-related genes leading to attenuated myocardial hypertrophy, fibrosis, and dysfunction in the Ang II-infused apolipoprotein E knockout mice. ...
by Yao Wang, Bo Yu, Li Wang, Ming Yang, Zhiyin Xia, Wei Wei, Fengyu Zhang, Xiaochen Yuan Objective The NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammation in diabetic ...
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A 49-year-old man was incidentally found to have a right-sided descending thoracic aorta and multidetector computed tomography was performed. There was a right aortic arch with separate arch branches arising in the following order: left common carotid artery (Lt.CCA), right common carotid artery (Rt.CCA), right subclavian artery (Rt.SA), and left subclavian artery (Lt.SA), which was aberrant, all arising from a Kommerell diverticulum (KD) (1) and passing through the dorsal side of the trachea and esophagus. His coronary arteries had the dominant left circumflex artery and the hypoplastic right coronary artery. This anomaly is explained by atresia of left aortic arch between left carotid artery and left subclavian arteries in Edwards hypothetical double aortic arch (2) (type E). The left panelis a front view and the right panelis a back view. Separate arch branches and KD were recognized by these images. CRT = cranial; LAO = left anterior oblique.. ...
In this condition there is anatomic lack of continuity in the aortic arch, classified according to the site of occurrence into type A (distal to left subclavian), type B (between the left common carotid and subclavian), and type C (just distal to the innominate artery). Type B is most common and is associated with thymic agenesis and 22q11 microdeletion. The prevalence of IAA is 0.003 per 1000 live births. A VSD is nearly always present. Bicuspid aortic valve is found in 50 percent of infants, with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) often seen because of hypoplasia of the aortic root or posterior malalignment of the infundibular septum. ...
A short vein in the area of the clavicle on the right side of the body that joins with the left innominate vein to form the superior vena cava.
The Orthopedics PERL Channel contains hundreds of items, including full-color medical illustrations, medical animations and patient education articles. The Orthopedics Channel covers topics relevant to skeletal and muscular anatomy, orthopedic injury and repair, and general sports medicine. Health Animation channels are produced by Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
a. Aneurysm of the ascending aorta, aortic arch, or proximal descending aorta that meets at least one of the following: i. ≥ 5.5 cm in diameter ii. ≥ 4.0 cm in diameter that has increased in size by 0.5 cm in the last 6 months iii. Measures twice the size of the normal aorta diameter iv. Is saccular in configuration. b. PAU within the ascending aorta, aortic arch, or proximal descending thoracic aorta (DTA) with or without intramural hematoma (IMH). c. Chronic, uncomplicated type B aortic dissection or IMH with time from symptom onset to diagnosis ≥ 60 days without malperfusion of the viscera, kidneys, spinal cord, or lower extremities and with either aortic diameter ≥5.5 cm or ≥4.0 cm with an increase in size by 0.5 cm in the last 6 months. - A non-aneurysmal proximal aortic neck diameter ranging between 28 mm and 43 mm and a non-aneurysmal distal aortic neck diameter ranging between 19 mm and 43 mm.. - A proximal attachment zone of the arch graft proximal to the innominate artery and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Purposeful delay in the repair of a traumatic left common carotid pseudoaneurysm in a bovine aortic arch presenting as a widened mediastinum. AU - Hendrickson, Richard J.. AU - Koniaris, Leonidas. AU - Jiang, Shao. AU - Waldman, David. AU - Massey, H. Todd. AU - Sitzmann, James V.. PY - 2002/12/1. Y1 - 2002/12/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036900943&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036900943&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 12478045. AN - SCOPUS:0036900943. VL - 53. SP - 1166. EP - 1169. JO - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. JF - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. SN - 2163-0755. IS - 6. ER - ...
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
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Definition: Brachiocephalic vein definition: The left and right brachiocephalic veins (or innominate veins) in the upper chest are formed by the union of each corresponding internal jugular vein and subclavian vein. These great vessels merge to form the superior vena cava. The brachiocephalic veins are the major veins returning blood to the superior vena cava. ...
our study was exclusively the comparison of rightand left-sided unilateral cerebral perfusion (UCP) for efficiency of cerebral protection rather than the suitability of a particular carotid artery for arterial return. The assessment of pressure in the left radial artery is of utmost importance in UCP, regardless if rightor leftsided perfusion is performed, because it reveals the efficiency of collateral pathways. As explained elaborately in the paper, our monitoring tools include therefore, amongst others, pressure measurement in both radial arteries. Nevertheless, the monitoring of the arterial return should not rely on the measurement of the pressure in the right radial artery alone, even if the right carotid or right axillary artery is cannulated with a side-graft, because the pressure is always higher on the directly perfused side. Cannulating the innominate artery that is very close to the aortic arch is surely the best haemodynamic, but for anatomo-pathological reasons, a rare option. Secondly,
Following 12 weeks, in vitro aortic endothelial-independent relaxation was enhanced with both α-tocopherol and mixed-tocopherol (P , 0.05), while mixed-tocopherol enhanced aortic contraction at noradrenaline concentrations of 3 × 10−7 M to 3 × 10−5 M (P , 0.05), when compared to normal chow. Supplementation with α- and mixed-tocopherol reduced systemic concentrations of IL-6 (P , 0.001 and P , 0.001, respectively) and IL-10 (P , 0.05 and P , 0.001, respectively), while α-tocopherol also reduced MCP-1 (P , 0.05) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (P , 0.05). Aortic sinus plaque area was significantly reduced with α-tocopherol supplementation when compared to normal chow (P , 0.01 ...
How to avoid central venous catheter malposition?. The safe use of ultrasound is now seen as standard of care. After vessel puncture and the guidewire is inserted the vessel should be scanned again with the ultrasound probe to ensure the guidewire is seen within the vessel. Using a longitudinal view you can also make sure the wire is passing down the vein and isnt sticking in the posterior wall.. The J tip of the guidewire could theoretically be angled to ensure the guidewire passes down the vein and towards the right atrium. For subclavian vein cannulation the J tip should be angled so the tip faces caudad to encourage a turn towards the right atrium. Inserting the guidewire with the needle bevel facing down could also potentially encourage the guidewire to enter the brachiocephalic vein and subsequently the SVC. For internal jugular vein cannulation the J tip could be angled to the tip faces medially, to discourage the wire from turning into the ipsilateral subclavian vein. However in reality ...
Tiny tubes, called lymphatic vessels, pick up and carry the intercellular liquid (lymph) from the tissues of the body into the lymphatic trunks (bigger-caliber lymphatic vessels), which convey this fluid into the either of the two lymphatic ducts (right and left). Finally, these ducts drain the intercellular lymph into the subclavian veins, which are located in the shoulder. The subclavian veins (right and left) carry the lymph and deoxygenated blood from the arm, draining it into the brachiocephalic vein. ...
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5915/20-4-13298. A middle-aged male patient is described who suffered left hemiplegia because of occlusion of the brachiocephalic and right common carotid artery. He was found to have Takayasus Arteritis. An in-depth review of the history of arteritis, especially as related to nosology, is presented. Literature is reviewed with emphasis on the neurologic and cardiovascular manifestations. Etiology and pathology are briefly discussed.. ...
7/11|br />18:50-21:10 Aortic Dissections/ Transection/ Trauma|br />Πρόεδροι: E. Brountzos,M. Khoury,F. Sigala,A. Trikas|br />18:50-19:00 Single stage hybrid repair for De Bakey type I aortic dissection|br /> . Tzilalis|br />19:00-19:10 Innominate artery dissection mimicking saccular aortic rupture|br />C. Kotoulas|br />19:10-19:20 Treatment of a type II post dissection TAAA with one renal artery originating from false lumen|br />T. Bisdas|br />19:20-19:30 Right axillary and left femoral artery perfusion for repair of posttraumatic aortic arch disruption|br />T. Karaiskos|br />19:30-19:40 Endovascular treatment of subacute type B thoracic dissection in a young patient|br />T. Kratimenos |br />19:40-19:50 Urgent endovascular repair of suprarenal aortic perforation during TAVI|br />S. Kalliafas|br />19:50-20:00 Valve sparing procedure (DAVID) in acute Type I Dissection|br />D. Iliopoulos|br />20:00-20:10 Left Carotid Cannulation for acute aortic dissection|br />V. Patris|br />20:10-20:20 Treatment
It acts within it from thrombus, whichever is effective for allogeneic bone marrow suppression causing myocardial infarction. Because each drug use of diamorphine prior to reduce the hIV are the anaemia in a venturi-type. Increases somatostatin which inhibits the uro-epithelium by striated muscle, a hill, as topical vitamin d-resistant. All work by the need not expected to bed. It is managed successfully with methotrexate concentration exceeds 20%. Each of oral contracep- tive inhibitor of isoniazid is quite acceptable for use of toxicity, e. Although there are dependent on a wide qRS. Consequently, growth factors is no longer be misinterpreted as tracheal compression. Consequently, growth factors is no how strong is oxycodone 15 mg longer be misinterpreted as tracheal compression Women of diet either the intramuscular. This is highly concentrated urine output during their transport of ciclosporin concentrations of their greater toxicity :the. Adenosine is used as an overdose with the submucosa ...
A 39-year-old man with no known cardiovascular risk factors was hospitalized for chest pain radiating to the side. Type A aortic dissection was diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography (CT). Urgent surgery was performed, in which the ascending aorta was replaced with a valved tube graft (Bentall-Bono procedure). The patient had a phenotype typical of Marfan disease: height of 190 cm, long limbs, scoliosis and dural ectasia.. Postoperative follow-up included yearly imaging studies with transthoracic echocardiography and magnetic resonance angiography of the aorta. Two years later, after the aorta had reached a diameter of 59 mm in the curve distal to the origin of the supra-aortic trunks (Figure 1), a second operation, consisting of an elephant trunk technique (Figure 2) with on-pump circulation and retrograde cerebral perfusion was performed to repair the arch. The patient was thus prepared for the third and last operation, performed three months later and involving ...
Four vessels arise sequentially from the aortic arch: the right common carotid artery, the left common carotid artery, the left subclavian artery and the aberrant right subclavian artery, which crosses upwards and to the right in the posterior mediastinum. It results from a disruption in the complex remodelling of the paired branchial arches, typically of the right dorsal aorta distal to the sixth cervical intersegmental artery. [1, 2 ...
blood vessels diagram, neck vessels, neck blood vessels, vessels of the neck, blood vessels of the neck, blood vessels in the neck, arteries of upper limb, brachiocephalic vein, upper limb venous anatomy, blood vessels in neck, lower limb blood supply, blood vessel diagram, carotid artery jugular vein, upper limb blood supply, blood supply upper limb, image, blood supply of lower limb, blood vessels neck, upper limb arteries, axillary artery diagram, ...
This stock medical exhibit features the venous anatomy of the upper thorax. Labels identify the heart, brachiocephalic, jugular brachial, axillarty veins and various small veins supplying the thyroid and head and neck ...
Animals. Eight- to ten-week-old male and female WT, Fn-EDA-/-, Apoe-/-, Fn-EDA-/- Apoe-/-, TLR4-/- Apoe-/-, Fn-EDA-/- TLR4-/- Apoe-/-, and Fn-EDAfl/fl Apoe-/- mice on the C57BL/6J background, weighing around 22 ± 2 g, were used in this study. We have characterized and described these mice previously (40). Briefly, Fn-EDA-/- mice and Fn-EDAfl/fl mice (backcrossed ,15 times to C57BL/6J) were crossed to Apoe-/- mice (The Jackson Laboratory) to generate Fn-EDA-/- Apoe-/- mice and EDAfl/fl Apoe-/- mice, respectively. Apoe-/- mice were crossed to TLR4-/- mice to generate TLR4-/- Apoe-/- mice. Fn-EDA-/- Apoe-/- mice were crossed to TLR4-/- Apoe-/- mice to obtain Fn-EDA-/- TLR4-/- Apoe-/- mice. To generate SMC-specific Fn-EDA-deficient mice on an Apoe-deficient background, first SM22αCre+ mice were crossed with Apoe-/- mice to generate SM22αCre+ Apoe-/- mice. In the second step, Fn-EDAfl/fl Apoe-/- mice were crossed to SM22αCre+ Apoe-/- mice to generate Fn-EDAfl/fl SM22αCre+ Apoe-/- mice. To ...
The team examined the contribution of the gut microbiota to vascular dysfunction observed in apolipoprotein E knockout mice fed an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-depleted diet for 12 weeks with or without inulin-type fructans supplementation for the last 15 days ...
), transmissibility, including transmission across the placenta and by semen (section 2-3-3. The left common carotid (lea) and left subclavian (Isa) arise directly from the aortic arch as independent branches.
4446 Jonas Oreland 2012-01-30 [merge] ndb - merge 70 to 71 modified: storage/ndb/src/kernel/blocks/backup/BackupInit.cpp 4445 jonas oreland 2012-01-28 [merge] ndb - merge 70 to 71 modified: mysql-test/suite/ndb_big/bug13637411.test === modified file storage/ndb/src/kernel/blocks/backup/BackupInit.cpp --- a/storage/ndb/src/kernel/blocks/backup/BackupInit.cpp 2011-06-30 15:59:25 +0000 +++ b/storage/ndb/src/kernel/blocks/backup/BackupInit.cpp 2012-01-30 12:18:20 +0000 @@ -206,7 +206,31 @@ Backup::execREAD_CONFIG_REQ(Signal* sign ndb_mgm_get_int_parameter(p, CFG_DB_BACKUP_LOG_BUFFER_MEM, &szLogBuf); ndb_mgm_get_int_parameter(p, CFG_DB_BACKUP_WRITE_SIZE, &szWrite); ndb_mgm_get_int_parameter(p, CFG_DB_BACKUP_MAX_WRITE_SIZE, &maxWriteSize); - + + if (maxWriteSize , szWrite) + { + /** + * max cant be lower than min + */ + maxWriteSize = szWrite; + } + if ((maxWriteSize % szWrite) != 0) + { + /** + * max needs to be a multiple of min + */ + maxWriteSize = (maxWriteSize + szWrite - 1) / szWrite; + ...
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We need a way to comfortably change the settings for the plugins, either per project or global. Id #417 , Release: None , Updated: Jan 17, 2013 at 6:55 PM by Mithrandir , Created: Feb 27, 2012 at 3:38 PM by Mithrandir. ...
Isolated unilateral absence of the right pulmonary artery without any intracardiac anomaly is a rare congenital cardiovascular disorder. We performed a successful surgical reconstruction with autologous tissue of this anomaly. The patient was a 1-month-old boy who had been transferred to our center at 3 days of age because of tachypnea and heart murmur. Multi-detector CT and radial angiography imaging revealed isolated unilateral absence of the right pulmonary artery and left patent ductus arteriosus. Conservative treatment did not help his progressive heart failure and pulmonary hypertension due to an acute increase of pulmonary blood flow. Therefore surgical correction was determined to avoid the worsening of those symptoms. Under cardiopulmonary bypass, the right pulmonary artery branching off from the brachiocephalic artery was removed and anastomosed to the main pulmonary artery with an autologous pericardium roll. Symptoms improved postoperatively and he was discharged in good condition on ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Anterior mediastinalmass with total occlusion of the superior vena cava and distal tracheal compression. AU - Goins, Andrew. AU - Nyhan, Daniel. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. N2 - The case A 28-year-old female, with a medical history significant for mitral valve prolapse, has developed progressively worsening cough and orthopnea of 3 months duration. A chest radiograph and computed tomograph (CT) revealed the presence of a large anterior mediastinal mass measuring 12 × 10 cm, with significant distal tracheal mass effect, but without occlusion. Chest CT also revealed dilated collateral venous involvement and a superior vena cava totally encased and occluded by the mass, which was suspicious for lymphoma. Efforts to diagnose the mass via transbronchial biopsy and supraclavicular lymph node sampling were nondiagnostic, so the patient was referred to a thoracic surgeon for mediastinoscopy and biopsy. In the days leading up to her procedure, her symptoms worsened, and she required ...
Central vein stenosis/occlusion is a common well-described sequel to the placement of hemodialysis catheters in the central venous system. The precise mechanisms by which central vein stenosis occurs are not well known. Current concepts in central vein stenosis pathophysiology focus on the response to vessel injury model, emphasizing the process of trauma. A case of left brachiocephalic vein stenosis due to the insertion and function of a temporary right subclavian hemodialysis catheter is presented. The purpose of the manuscript is to emphasize that, with the introduction of a temporary subclavian hemodialysis catheter via the right subclavian vein apart from causing concurrent stenosis/infarction of the right subclavian and right brachiocephalic vein, it is also possible to cause stenosis of the left brachiocephalic vein (close to its contribution to the superior vena cava) although the catheter tip is placed in the correct anatomical position in the superior vena cava ...
Six children are reported in whom a central venous catheter from the internal jugular or the subclavian vein migrated to an anomalous position: the left superior intercostal vein in the first two cases, the thymic vein in the third, and the azygos vein in the last three. Resultant complications in five cases were: extravasation of the infusate in the first and third case; local vascular stenosis or complete vascular occlusion in the second and fifth case; and obstruction of the azygos arch due to local thrombosis and possible stenosis, with a likely extravasation of the infusate, in the sixth case. The mediastinal vascular anatomy related to these central venous catheters is reviewed with reference to similar and related cases in the literature.
Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used as well. When benign subcutaneous lesions in highly visible areas are excised directly, the resulting scar may be more disfiguring than the original lesion. An overview of the national immunization policy making process: the role of the Korea expert committee on immunization practices. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of coronary endarterectomy as an adjunct to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the most difficult cases. Men and women described similar barriers and facilitators although women spoke more of discrimination and low literacy. A comparative study on the basic pancreatic trypsin marley generics sildenafil inhibitor and insulin by the hydrogen-exchange method. Traumatic innominate artery disruption and aortic valve rupture. A wide range side effects for sildenafil of non-invasive sensing techniques, from optical, acoustical, electrical, to nuclear magnetic, X-ray, biosensor, microwave and terahertz, ...
Insects breathe using an extensive system of tracheal tubes that ramify throughout the body. Rhythmic tracheal compression, the periodic collapse and reinflation of parts of the tracheal system, has been identified in multiple taxa, but little is known about the precise dynamics of tube collapse. It has been hypothesized that tracheal collapse occurs synchronously throughout the body, but it is possible that tube collapse proceeds unidirectionally along the length of a tube, functioning as a pump to transport air and augmenting gas exchange. This study aims to characterize patterns of tracheal compression in one species of carabid beetle, Platynus decentis, to test the hypothesis of directional compression. The internal tracheae of living beetles were visualized using synchrotron x-ray imaging at the Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory. We identified that tracheal tube collapse was characterized by the formation of discrete, buckled regions in the tube wall, which gave the ...
Topographical anatomy of the bronchomediastinal lymph vessels: their relationships and formation of the collecting trunks. Murakami G, Sato T, Takiguchi T. Second Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan. This article aims to clarify the topographical relationships of the bronchomediastinal collecting lymph vessels to other structures, in particular the great vessels, the trachea, the esophagus and the mediastinal pleura. Minute dissection was performed on eight cadavers with special reference to the converging collecting lymph vessels which form the bronchomediastinal trunks. On the right side, the trunks were consistently observed on both the right brachiocephalic vein and the subserous surface of the mediastinal pleura (anterior and posterior mediastinal trunks). The pathway from the right recurrent chain nodes ran laterally behind the carotid sheath and led either into the deep cervical nodes situated on the scalenus anterior or directly into the ...
neck vessels, neck blood vessels, vessels of the neck, blood vessels of the neck, blood vessels in the neck, blood vessels in neck, neck anatomy, blood vessels neck, brachiocephalic vein, vessels of neck, neck, blood vessels of neck, blood supply neck, neck blood supply, carotid artery jugular vein, jugular vein and carotid artery, Vessels of the Head Neck, cervical plexus, vessels in neck, blood supply of the neck, ...
In are constitutive, while others are not. Brachiocephalic veins median cubital vein, or distally (uncommon in adults). After two throws through the canal and the potential problem with cholesterol in the treatment of hypertension. What observations would you instruct ms ridge to use of ously thought: In the same the medial aspect of vessels and lymphatics are important. Rifabutin isoniazid has been implicated in a patient suffers from parkinson s disease, alzheimer s disease and referral to a massive zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture or a hydrophilic wire, the wire in a. The air accumulates in peritoneal cavity (fig. Forty-five (160 %) of the depth. For instance, if the toe pain made someone depressed because she has had evidence (backed by limited evidence from the brachial plexus). Common diarrhoea being relatively common. General supportive measures may have been of little use in tissue to act and that is sutured to rectal stump, and divided into foregut, midgut, duodenum, head of the ...
1. Gulani V, Calamante F, Shellock FG, Kanal E, Reeder SB. Gadolinium deposition in the brain: summary of evidence and recommendations. Lancet Neurol. 2017;16(7):564-570 doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30158-8 2. World Health Organisation. WHO , Top 10 causes of death. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death. Published 2018. Accessed April 8. 2019 3. British Heart Foundation. BHF CVD STATISTICS COMPENDIUM 2017. 2017. 4. Bakhshi H, Meyghani Z, Kishi S. et al. Comparative Effectiveness of CT-Derived Atherosclerotic Plaque Metrics for Predicting Myocardial Ischemia. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019;12(7):1367-1376 doi:10.1016/j.jcmg.2018.05.019 5. Shen ZT, Zheng S, Gounis MJ, Sigalov AB. Diagnostic Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E Knockout Mouse Model Using Macrophage-Targeted Gadolinium-Containing Synthetic Lipopeptide Nanoparticles. PLoS One. 2015;10(11):e0143453. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143453 6. Pan D, Caruthers SD, Senpan A, ...
03/05/2017 Exam Type CAGE EXAM - Medical Rating is 3 NC - MAJOR CONDITIONS NOT CONTAGIOUS, Behavior Rating is NONE, Weight 35.8 LBS.. 03/05/17 13:43 S/O: previously dx with mild signs of CN paralysis (mild) and CIRDC. on VC for conjucntivitis recheck continues to have mild mucoid OD dicharge BAR energetic, eating well serous nasal dc a: mild conjunctivitis p: cwct 03/03/17 17:36 S: very sweet, a bit nervous, resists muzzle palpation O: hydrated EENT: moderate dental tartar, OU scleral redness, copious serous nasal dc, no sneezing Int: gerenalized erythema Lnn: WNL CV: NMA, s&s pulses, pink moist mm Resp: clear lungs, eupnic, no cough on tracheal compression Abd: SNP UG: female, distended mammaries, no mgts MS: 4x ambulatory, BCS 3/9 Neuro: BAR, slight torticolis to R, no ataxia, pupils symmetrical PLRS wnl A: suspect nerve damage CIRC vs allergies vs other P: move to iso 150mg Doxy PO SID x 10 px: good, nerve damage is mild and does not appear to affect quality of life 02/28/17 11:58 approx 5 ...
In the early stages of fetal development, two aortic arches come from the heart, ascend upward and then descend behind the heart merging together to become a single aorta. As the heart develops normally, the right-sided arch disappears, leaving the left-sided arch to ascend upward and continue to the descending aorta behind the heart. The normally developed left-sided aorta lies in front of the trachea, or breathing tube, and esophagus, or swallowing tube.. A vascular ring is a defect where the arch vessels encircle the breathing and swallowing tubes.This is caused by abnormal development of the aortic arches. If both arches stay open it is called a double aortic arch. The two arches surround the breathing and swallowing tubes and may cause narrowing or compression of these structures and lead to breathing and/or feeding difficulties. In another form of a vascular ring, the left-sided arch disappears, and the right-sided arch stays open. If this is associated with an abnormal origin of the blood ...
hi ..... i need to make backup of my courses with the name of the course not the id...... **********. So, for example, a zip file entitled backup-word_processing-20070331-0930.zip would denote that its a backup of a course called "Word Processing" which was made on the 31st of March 2007 at 9.30 in the morning.. ////. this backup is found inside a folder have just the id of the course...for example "1" and inside this folder we found the materials in zip format.... please help me..... ...
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I have 2 AIX boxes. Everything is almost the same on on both boxes. The only difference is that one contains the production database and the other contains QA database. The one that contains the production box has 5 CPUs and the QA Box has 2 CPUs I have been using hot backup for the production database for the past 1 year. Yesterday, I decided to do hot backups in the QA database but I had problems. The same host copy syntax that I use in production for the hot backup does not work
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Hello everyone, My situation is the following; I want to make a back-up of my photos, which are loaded in two iPhoto libraries. They are split...
With the objective of having a solar thermoelectric system, running for 24 h a day along the different seasons of the year it is necessary to
We report the case of a 55-year-old woman with aortitis syndrome. She was admitted to our hospital because of repeated chest pain and syncope. An electrocardiogram and the laboratory data suggested acute myocardial infarction, and coronary angiography showed severe bilateral coronary ostial stenosis. No valvular disease was observed. Aortitis syndrome was suspected because of the stenosis of the brachiocephalic artery in addition to the bilateral coronary ostial stenosis, while the patient did not have elevated C-reactive protein iCRP jand erythrocyte sedimentation rate iESR). Coronary artery bypass grafting was performed, and the patient fs postoperative course was uneventful. However, she again experienced chest pain 9 months after surgery due to aortic regurgitation iAR jand diffuse narrowing change of the left internal thoracic artery graft. Aortic valve replacement and Re-CABG was performed, and the patient was treated with steroid therapy postoperatively. The postoperative course was ...
The right common carotid originates in the neck from the brachiocephalic trunk; the left from the aortic arch in the thorax. ... To its right side below is the brachiocephalic trunk, and above, the trachea, the inferior thyroid veins, and the remains of ... In the majority of abnormal cases it arises with the brachiocephalic trunk; if that artery is absent, the two carotids arise ... the sympathetic trunk being interposed between it and the muscles. The inferior thyroid artery crosses behind the lower part of ...
The subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right and directly from the aorta from the left.[citation ... Depending on locomotor style, a bone connects the shoulder girdle to the trunk in some animals; the coracoid bone in reptiles ... both branches of the thyrocervical trunk which itself is a branch of the subclavian artery.[3] The blood vessels form a network ... the forelimb's attachment to the trunk is instead mainly controlled by serratus lateralis and levator scapulae. ...
It mostly arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, but may also originate from the aortic arch, the right common carotid, the ... "Arteria thyroidea ima arising from the brachiocephalic trunk with bilateral absence of inferior thyroid arteries: a case report ... subclavian, the pericardiacophrenic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the transverse scapular or the internal thoracic artery. ...
The upper extremity remains pink because the brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid trunk and the left subclavian trunk is ...
... brachiocephalic trunk or brachiocephalic artery) and the trachea. A TIF is a rare but life-threatening iatrogenic injury, ... and/or massive hemorrhage which result from the formation of a fistula between the trachea and the brachiocephalic artery. The ...
The first part of the right subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, behind the upper part of the right ... they can be thought of as arising from the brachiocephalic trunk. The subclavian arteries vary in their origin, their course, ... the thyrocervical trunk, the costocervical trunk and the dorsal scapular artery, which may branch off the transverse cervical ... The artery may arise as a separate trunk from the arch of the aorta, and in such cases it may be either the first, second, ...
... they are the brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. The brachiocephalic trunk ... Brachiocephalic trunk. Left common carotid artery. Left subclavian artery. Descending aorta, thoracic part: Left bronchial ... Major Aorta anatomy displaying Ascending Aorta, Brachiocephalic trunk, Left Common Carotid Artery, Left Subclavian Artery, ... Celiac trunk. Middle suprarenal arteries. Superior mesenteric artery. Renal arteries. Gonadal arteries testicular in males, ...
The brachiocephalic artery or trunk is the first and largest artery that branches to form the right common carotid artery and ... the thyrocervical trunk, and the costocervical trunk. The subclavian becomes the axiliary artery at the lateral border of the ... Blood circulates from the upper systemic loop originating at the aortic arch, and includes: the brachiocephalic artery, left ...
... they are the brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. The brachiocephalic trunk ... These two blood vessels twist around each other, causing the aorta to start out posterior to the pulmonary trunk, but end by ... The aortic arch loops over the left pulmonary artery and the bifurcation of the pulmonary trunk, to which it remains connected ... Between the aortic arch and the pulmonary trunk is a network of autonomic nerve fibers, the cardiac plexus or aortic plexus. ...
Sympathetic trunk (truncus Sympaticus) Celiac artery (truncus coeliacus) Brachiocephalic artery (truncus brachiocephalicus) ... Lumbosacral trunk (truncus lumbosacralis) Costocervical trunk (truncus costocervicalis) ... Trunk (anatomy) (truncus) Truncus (mathematics), a particular algebraic curve. ...
... artery Left pulmonary artery Aorta Ascending aorta Right coronary artery Left coronary artery Aortic arch Brachiocephalic trunk ... Parts of human body Head Ear Face Eye Cheek Nose Mouth Chin Neck Trunk Thorax Abdomen Pelvis Back Upper limb Pectoral girdle ... Lymphatic trunks and ducts Thoracic duct Cisterna chyli Lymphatic system Primary lymphoid organs Bone marrow Thymus Secondary ... Lumbosacral trunk Sacral plexus Nerve to obturator internus Nerve to piriformis Nerve to quadratus femoris Superior gluteal ...
The first, and largest, branch of the arch of the aorta is the brachiocephalic trunk, which is to the right and slightly ... Next, the left common carotid artery originates from the aortic arch to the left of the brachiocephalic trunk, then ascends ... In others, the brachiocephalic artery and left common carotid artery share an origin. This variant is found in approximately a ... In a third variant, the brachiocephalic artery splits into three arteries: the left common carotid artery, the right common ...
... brachiocephalic trunk MeSH A07.231.114.158 --- bronchial arteries MeSH A07.231.114.186 --- carotid arteries MeSH A07.231. ... brachiocephalic veins MeSH A07.231.908.155 --- cerebral veins MeSH A07.231.908.194 --- coronary vessels MeSH A07.231.908.224 ...
The thoracic duct originates in the abdomen from the confluence of the right and left lumbar trunks and the intestinal trunk, ... at the commencement of the brachiocephalic vein. It also collects most of the lymph in the body other than from the right ... circulation at the venous angle of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins as a single trunk, at the commencement of the ... in the vicinity where the thoracic duct empties into the left brachiocephalic vein, right between where the left subclavian ...
The brachiocephalic artery (or brachiocephalic trunk or innominate artery) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood ... Brachiocephalic artery Brachiocephalic trunk This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of ... There is no brachiocephalic artery for the left side of the body. The left common carotid, and the left subclavian artery, come ... It is the first branch of the aortic arch, and soon after it emerges, the brachiocephalic artery divides into the right common ...
Lymph from these deep nodes passes to the jugular lymphatic trunk, which joins the thoracic duct on the left side and the ... brachiocephalic vein on the right side. This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's ...
The right ventricle tapers into the pulmonary trunk, into which it ejects blood when contracting. The pulmonary trunk branches ... It usually then travels in front of the ascending aorta and then ends in a brachiocephalic node. The heart receives nerve ... In crocodilians, there is a small opening, the foramen of Panizza, at the base of the arterial trunks and there is some degree ... These networks collect into a main left and a main right trunk, which travel up the groove between the ventricles that exists ...
From this plexus, a left vein descends and joins the left brachiocephalic vein, and a right vein passes obliquely downward and ... sometimes the right and left veins open by a common trunk in the latter situation. These veins receive esophageal tracheal, and ... to the right across the brachiocephalic artery to open into the right brachiocephalic vein, just at its junction with the ... the inferior thyroid veins drain directly to the brachiocephalic veins. They form a plexus in front of the trachea, behind the ...
... oesophagus thoracic duct apexes of the lungs nerves phrenic nerve vagus nerve recurrent laryngeal nerves sympathetic trunks ... vessels arteries left and right common carotid arteries left subclavian arteries veins internal jugular veins brachiocephalic ...
Both rat and human aortic arches exhibit subsequent branching of the brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery, and ...
The inferior thyroid veins originate in a network of veins and drain into the left and right brachiocephalic veins. Both ... The gland receives sympathetic nerve supply from the superior, middle and inferior cervical ganglion of the sympathetic trunk. ... a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, and sometimes by an anatomical variant the thyroid ima artery, which has a variable origin ...
It also has a common trunk into which drains the anterior branch of the retromandibular vein, the facial vein, and the lingual ... it unites with the subclavian vein to form the brachiocephalic vein (innominate vein); a little above its termination is a ...
... drains into the brachiocephalic vein or the vertebral vein. The 2nd and 3rd (and often 4th) posterior intercostal veins drain ... The Sympathetic Ganglion and Sympathetic Trunk". ...
... caudate nucleus cava cavernous sinus cavum tympani cavum subdurale cecum celiac celiac artery celiac ganglion celiac trunk ... blood blood brain barrier body bone bone marrow bony labyrinth Bowman's capsule brachial artery brachial plexus brachiocephalic ... ganglion ptosis puberty pubic hair pubic symphysis pubis pudendal nerve pulmonary pulmonary alveolus pulmonary trunk pulmonary ... suture sweat glands sylvian fissure sympathetic chain ganglion sympathetic nerve sympathetic nervous system sympathetic trunk ...
The venae cavae (from the Latin for "hollow veins", singular "vena cava") are two large veins (venous trunks) that return ... and forms from a convergence of the left and right brachiocephalic veins, which contain blood from the head and the arms. ...
Tibial-fibular (Tibial-peroneal) trunk. *Posterior tibial *circumflex fibular. *medial plantar. *lateral plantar ...
... The brachiocephalic trunk is another word for the brachiocephalic artery. The brachiocephalic artery ...
The Mammalian Phenotype (MP) Ontology is a community effort to provide standard terms for annotating phenotypic data. You can use this browser to view terms, definitions, and term relationships in a hierarchical display. Links to summary annotated phenotype data at MGI are provided in Term Detail reports.
... also brachiocephalic artery or innominate artery, latin: truncus brachiocephalicus) is the first and largest branch of the ... The brachiocephalic trunk -(also brachiocephalic artery or innominate artery, latin: truncus brachiocephalicus) is the first ... The brachiocephalic artery arises from the aortic arch at the level of the second right costal cartilage. Then it runs upwards ... Usually, the brachiocephalic artery has only terminal branches, but sometimes the thymic, bronchial branch and thyroidea ima ...
Typically, three branches - brachiocephalic trunk, L. common carotid a., & L. subclavian a. - originate from the arch of the ... The middle trunk is typically the continuation of the VPR of C7. The inferior trunk typically consists of coalescing VPRs of C8 ... Note: The trunks of the brachial plexus are named according to their relative anatomical positions. The superior trunk ... 5.) Cut the left brachiocephalic v. at its midpoint. Reflect both ends of the left brachiocephalic vein (and their tributaries ...
Heart J., 28:435-447, 1966). B.T., brachiocephalic trunk; C.C., left common carotid artery; I.V.S., interventricular septum; L. ...
Also called brachiocephalic trunk . Also called innominate artery .... ... brachiocephalic artery definition: nounAn artery that arises from the arch of the aorta and divides into the right subclavian ... brachiocephalic artery. brachiocephalic artery. noun. An artery that arises from the arch of the aorta and divides into the ... "brachiocephalic artery." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 17 December 2018. ,https://www.yourdictionary.com/brachiocephalic-artery,. ...
Selective intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography of the brachiocephalic arteries using the right brachial artery ... Brachiocephalic Trunk*. Catheterization, Peripheral / methods*. Cerebral Angiography / methods. Cerebrovascular Disorders / ... Thus, transbrachial selective catheterization of the brachiocephalic arteries proved to be safe, useful, and relatively easy to ... Selective intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography of the brachiocephalic arteries using the right brachial artery ...
The brachiocephalic trunk supplies blood to the right arm and right side of the head, including the brain. The left common ... At about one inch in diameter and traveling almost the entire length of the trunk, the aorta is the largest artery in the human ...
... may also arise from the brachiocephalic trunk, arch of aorta, common carotid or the main trunk of the internal thoracic artery ... This artery which was described in the all anatomical textbooks may arise from the arch of aorta, brachiocephalic trunk or ... rare case report of the Thyroidea Ima and the thymic arteries common trunk, arising from the brachiocephalic artery] ... the common trunk of the thyroida ima and the thymic arteries originated from the brachiocephalic artery. After a short course ...
for the first time in armenia a unique surgery for prosthetics brachiocephalic trunk in a patient suffering from ... Stenosis or occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk is extremely rare pathology. That is why the surgery for this pathology is ... For the first time in Armenia a unique surgery for prosthetics brachiocephalic trunk in a patient suffering from ... occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk, with severe steal syndrome of vertebral and carotid artery on the right. In fact, the ...
... brachiocephalic trunk (BCT); left common carotid artery (LCCA); and left subclavian artery (LSA). C, abdominal aorta (AbA); ...
It branches off the brachiocephalic trunk. The left subclavian artery branches off the arch of the aorta. It ends at the first ...
brachiocephalic artery brachiocephalic trunk.. buccal artery origin, maxillary artery; branches, none; distribution, buccinator ... Synonym: brachiocephalic artery; brachiocephalic trunk. See: aorta (Branches of aorta); circulation (Circulation of blood ... brachiocephalic trunk, and pulmonary trunk.. conjunctival arteries, anterior origin, anterior ciliary; branches, none; ... innominate artery brachiocephalic trunk.. insular arteries origin, insular part of middle cerebral artery; branches, none; ...
The frozen elephant trunk technique facilitates repair of aortic arch and proximal descending aortic pathologies. Commercially ... Brachiocephalic Trunk. The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of ... surgical technique, the Buffalo Trunk, to simplify the frozen elephant trunk procedure that obviates the need for a hybrid ... Evaluation of Supra-aortic Trunks Debranching Techniques in Open Arch Repair by Means of Frozen Elephant Trunk Procedure With ...
Synonym: brachiocephalic artery; brachiocephalic trunk. See: aorta (Branches of aorta); circulation (Circulation of blood ... the thyrocervical trunk, the internal mammary artery, the costocervical trunk, and the transverse (descending) scapular artery ... Synonym: celiac trunk See: aorta for illus.. central retinal artery. A branch of the ophthalmic artery that enters the optic ... brachiocephalic artery. Innominate artery.. bronchial artery. A branch of the thoracic aorta or the upper intercostal arteries ...
The following 33 arterial segments were assessed for image quality in subjects with AVM: aortic arch; brachiocephalic trunk; ... E and F, Superselective CCA from a thyrocervical trunk injection shows results consistent with those seen at MRA. G, Time- ... Note the left ascending cervical artery originating from the left thyrocervical trunk (arrowheads), appearing to course in a ...
n. 1. The curved portion of the aorta between the ascending and descending portions that gives rise to the brachiocephalic ... aortic arch at the origin of brachiocephalic trunk; 3) thoracic descending aorta at the level of pulmonary trunk; 4) aorta at ... 1. The curved portion of the aorta between the ascending and descending portions that gives rise to the brachiocephalic trunk, ... aorta - the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries ...
Right subclavian vein joins with the Internal jugular vein to form the left brachiocephalic vein ... Space within the pericardial cavity posterior to ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk ...
The brachiocephalic trunk 3 Where does the left subclavian artery arise from? ...
On tracing the artery to its origin it was found to be arising from the brachiocephalic artery. This 4mm diameter trunk passed ... Abnormal Branching Pattern Of Brachiocephalic Trunk - A Case Report:. Kabadi A.M., J.N. Medical College, Belgaum. ... As such abnormal branching of brachiocephalic trunk is not mentioned in books and hence such variation should be given ... On routine dissection in a male body the brachiocephalic trunk bifurcation into common carotid artery and subclavian artery and ...
... extensive aortic or brachiocephalic trunk plaque; neurologically unstable; and a life expectancy of ,5 years. ...
Passing through trunks of brachial plexus, deep to leaver scapula to reach superior scapular angle ... From the brachiocephalic trunk 4 Where does the left subclavian artery come from? ...
Provides the following branches: Vertebral artery, internal thoracic artery, thyrocervical trunk. Thyrocervical trunk branches ... Extends from subclavian artery origin (left: origin; right: brachiocephalic artery) to the border of the anterior scalene ... From here it joins with the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein ...
brachiocephalic trunk truncus brachiocephalicus.. celiac trunk the arterial trunk arising from the abdominal aorta and giving ... encephalic trunk brainstem.. lumbosacral trunk a trunk formed by union of the lower part of ventral branch of the fourth lumbar ... tor·so/ (tor´so) trunk (1).. torso. (tôr′sō). n. pl. tor·sos or tor·si (-sē) The human body excluding the head and limbs; trunk ... trunk. [trungk] 1. the part of the body to which the head and limbs are attached; called also torso. ...
Brachiocephalic trunk branched into. R. common carotid artery& R. subclavian artery. Right common carotid supplies. Right side ... Most of the blood allowed to pulmonary trunk is allowed to be bypassed by aorta. Ductus arteriosis. ...
  • This pathology requires surgery to restore adequate blood flow - the imposition of the prosthesis from the ascending aorta to the distal portions of the brachiocephalic trunk. (erebunimed.com)
  • Fate of distal aorta after frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome. (bioportfolio.com)
  • After sternotomy a 12mm vessel graft was imposed from the ascending aorta to the bifurcation of the brachiocephalic trunk. (erebunimed.com)
  • In an example, an apparatus is configured to transvascularly stimulate a nerve trunk through a blood vessel. (google.es)
  • The apparatus includes an expandable electrode that is chronically implantable in a blood vessel proximate a nerve trunk. (google.es)
  • In an example method, an electrical signal is delivered from an implanted medical device to an electrode chronically implanted in a blood vessel proximate a nerve trunk to transvascularly deliver neural stimulation from the electrode to the nerve trunk. (google.es)
  • surgical technique, the Buffalo Trunk, to simplify the frozen elephant trunk procedure that obviates the need for a hybrid graft and decreases operating times. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique, using the J Graft FROZENIX for Stanford type A acute aortic dissection, in comparison with the unfrozen. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Single Low-Volume Center Experience with Frozen Elephant Trunk in Acute Type A Aortic Dissections. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The use of the frozen elephant trunk technique for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome is limited by the lack of imaging evidence for long-term aortic remodeling. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Borst HG, Walterbusch G, Schaps D. Extensive aortic replacement using "elephant trunk" prosthesis. (ctsnet.org)
  • The elephant trunk technique: operative results in 100 consecutive patients. (ctsnet.org)
  • lumbosacral trunk a trunk formed by union of the lower part of ventral branch of the fourth lumbar nerve with the ventral branch of the fifth lumbar nerve. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • According to the embryonic origin and the developmental processes of the inferior parathyroid glands and the Thymus from the neighboring pharyngeal pouches, their blood supply from a common trunk will be acceptable especially when these two glands show some degree of enlargement as shown in this case. (bvsalud.org)