The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.
Large veins on either side of the root of the neck formed by the junction of the internal jugular and subclavian veins. They drain blood from the head, neck, and upper extremities, and unite to form the superior vena cava.
Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.
A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.
Disease of the TIBIAL NERVE (also referred to as the posterior tibial nerve). The most commonly associated condition is the TARSAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. However, LEG INJURIES; ISCHEMIA; and inflammatory conditions (e.g., COLLAGEN DISEASES) may also affect the nerve. Clinical features include PARALYSIS of plantar flexion, ankle inversion and toe flexion as well as loss of sensation over the sole of the foot. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p32)
The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
A congenital anomaly caused by the failed development of TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS into separate AORTA and PULMONARY ARTERY. It is characterized by a single arterial trunk that forms the outlet for both HEART VENTRICLES and gives rise to the systemic, pulmonary, and coronary arteries. It is always accompanied by a ventricular septal defect.
The arterial trunk arising from the fetal heart. During development, it divides into AORTA and the PULMONARY ARTERY.
Congenital, inherited, or acquired anomalies of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, including the HEART and BLOOD VESSELS.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A protease of broad specificity, obtained from dried pancreas. Molecular weight is approximately 25,000. The enzyme breaks down elastin, the specific protein of elastic fibers, and digests other proteins such as fibrin, hemoglobin, and albumin. EC 3.4.21.36.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A 34-kDa glycosylated protein. A major and most common isoform of apolipoprotein E. Therefore, it is also known as apolipoprotein E (ApoE). In human, Apo E3 is a 299-amino acid protein with a cysteine at the 112 and an arginine at the 158 position. It is involved with the transport of TRIGLYCERIDES; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and CHOLESTERYL ESTERS in and out of the cells.
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
A class of protein components which can be found in several lipoproteins including HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; and CHYLOMICRONS. Synthesized in most organs, Apo E is important in the global transport of lipids and cholesterol throughout the body. Apo E is also a ligand for LDL receptors (RECEPTORS, LDL) that mediates the binding, internalization, and catabolism of lipoprotein particles in cells. There are several allelic isoforms (such as E2, E3, and E4). Deficiency or defects in Apo E are causes of HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE III.
Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Conditions with abnormally elevated levels of LIPOPROTEINS in the blood. They may be inherited, acquired, primary, or secondary. Hyperlipoproteinemias are classified according to the pattern of lipoproteins on electrophoresis or ultracentrifugation.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The first cervical vertebra.

Percutaneous revascularization of atherosclerotic obstruction of aortic arch vessels. (1/176)

OBJECTIVES: To compare stenting of aortic arch vessel obstruction with surgical therapy and to establish recommendations for treatment. BACKGROUND: Though surgery has been considered to be the procedure of choice for subclavian and brachiocephalic obstruction, little work has been done to compare it with stenting. METHODS: Eighteen patients with symptomatic aortic arch vessel stenosis or occlusion were treated with stenting, followed by periodic clinical follow-up and noninvasive arterial Doppler studies. Data were compared with the results as shown in a systematic review of a published series of surgery and stenting procedures which included comparison of technical success, complications, mortality and patency. RESULTS: Primary success in our series was 100% with improvement in mean stenosis from 84+/-11% to 1+/-5% and mean arm systolic blood pressure difference from 44+/-16 mm Hg to 3+/-3 mm Hg. There were no major complications (death, stroke, TIA, stent thrombosis or myocardial infarction). At follow-up (mean 17 months), all patients were asymptomatic with 100% primary patency. Literature review demonstrates equivalent patency and complications in the other published series of stenting. In contrast, there was a similar patency but overall incidence of stroke of 3+/-4% and death of 2+/-2% in the published surgical series. CONCLUSIONS: Subclavian or brachiocephalic artery obstruction can be effectively treated by primary stenting or surgery. Comparison of stenting and the surgical experience demonstrates equal effectiveness but fewer complications and suggests that stenting should be considered as first line therapy for subclavian or brachiocephalic obstruction.  (+info)

Long-term results and outcomes of crossover axilloaxillary bypass grafting: A 24-year experience. (2/176)

OBJECTIVE: The outcome of crossover axilloaxillary bypass grafting in patients with stenosis or occlusion of the innominate or subclavian arteries was investigated. METHODS: The study was designed as a retrospective clinical study in a university hospital setting with 61 patients as the basis of the study. Fifty-eight patients (95.1%) had at least two risk factors or associated medical illnesses for atherosclerosis, and 35 patients (57.4%) had concomitant carotid artery stenosis that necessitated a staged procedure in 12 patients (19.7%). The patients underwent a total of 63 crossover axilloaxillary bypass grafting procedures. Demographics, risk factors and associated medical illnesses, preoperative symptoms and angiographic data, blood flow inversion in the vertebral artery, concomitant carotid artery disease, graft shape, caliber and material, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were studied to assess the specific influence in determining the outcome. RESULTS: One postoperative death (1.6%), four early graft thromboses (6.2%), and six minor complications (9. 8%) occurred. The overall mortality and morbidity rates were 1.6% and 16.1%, respectively. During the follow-up period (mean, 97.3 +/- 7.9 months), we observed five graft thromboses (8.3%). Primary and secondary patency rates at 5 and 10 years were 86.5% and 82.8% and 88.1% and 84.3%, respectively. Overall, two patients (3.3%) had recurrence of upper limb symptoms and none had recurrence of symptoms in the carotid or vertebrobasilar territory. The 5-year and 10-year symptom-free interval rates were 97.7% and 93.5%, respectively. Nine patients (15%) died of unrelated causes. The 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 93.2% and 67.3%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that no specific variables exerted an influence in the short-term and long-term results and the outcome. CONCLUSION: The optimal outcome of axilloaxillary bypass grafting supports its use as the most valuable surgical alternative to transthoracic anatomic reconstructions for innominate lesion, long stenosis of the subclavian artery, and short subclavian artery stenosis associated with ispilateral carotid artery lesions.  (+info)

Central venous injuries of the subclavian-jugular and innominate-caval confluences. (3/176)

Injuries to the central venous system can result from penetrating trauma or iatrogenic causes. Injuries to major venous confluences can be particularly problematic, because the clavicle and sternum seriously limit exposure of the injury site. We report our institution's experience with central venous injuries of the subclavian-jugular and innominate-caval venous confluences. Significant injuries of the subclavian-jugular venous confluence frequently result from penetrating trauma, while injuries to the innominate-caval confluence are usually catheter-related. Median sternotomy provides adequate exposure of the innominate-caval confluence, while exposure of the subclavian-jugular venous confluence requires extension of the median sternotomy incision into the neck and resection of the clavicle. The literature is reviewed.  (+info)

Respiratory distress due to tracheal compression by the dilated innominate artery. (4/176)

The case reported is of an 88 yr old female with hypertension and respiratory distress. A chest radiograph revealed a widening of the upper mediastinum. Computed tomographic scanning revealed tracheal compression by the innominate artery, which was elongated and curved. After intubation, she was treated with antihypertensive drugs. This resulted in the remarkable recovery of the patient from respiratory distress. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of respiratory distress owing to tracheal compression by elongation and curvature of the innominate artery.  (+info)

Atherothrombotic cerebellar infarction: vascular lesion-MRI correlation of 31 cases. (5/176)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Correlation of MRI findings with atherosclerotic vascular lesions has rarely been attempted in patients with cerebellar infarction. The aim of this study was to correlate the MRI lesions with the vascular lesions seen on conventional cerebral angiography in cerebellar infarction. METHODS: The subjects included 31 patients with cerebellar infarcts who underwent both MRI and conventional cerebral angiography. We analyzed the risk factors, clinical findings, imaging study, and angiography results. We attempted to correlate MRI lesions with the vascular lesions shown in the angiograms. RESULTS: The vascular lesions seen on angiograms were subdivided into 3 groups: large-artery disease (n=22), in situ branch artery disease (n=6), and no angiographic disease with hypertension (n=3). The proximal segment (V1) lesions of vertebral artery were the most common angiographic features in patients with large-artery disease in which stroke most commonly involved the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) cerebellum. The V1 lesions with coexistent occlusive lesions of the intracranial vertebral and basilar arteries were correlated with cerebellar infarcts, which had no predilection for certain cerebellar territory. The intracranial occlusive disease without V1 lesion was usually correlated with small cerebellar lesions in PICA and superior cerebellar artery (SCA) cerebellum. The subclavian artery or brachiocephalic trunk lesion was associated with small cerebellar infarcts. The in situ branch artery disease was correlated with the PICA cerebellum lesions, which were territorial or nonterritorial infarct. No angiographic disease with hypertension was associated with small-sized cerebellar infarcts within the SCA, anterior inferior cerebellar artery, or SCA cerebellum. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that the topographic heterogeneity of cerebellar infarcts are correlated with diverse angiographic findings. The result that large-artery disease, in which nonterritorial infarcts are more common than territorial infarcts, is more prevalent than in situ branch artery disease or small-artery disease, suggest that even a small cerebellar infarct can be a clue to the presence of large-artery disease.  (+info)

Minimally invasive approach for aortic arch branch vessel reconstruction. (6/176)

Minimally invasive aortic arch branch vessel reconstruction was successfully accomplished in four patients over the past 3 years. There were no operative complications. Three patients had an uneventful hospital course, ranging from 3 to 5 days. The fourth patient with multiple medical problems and severe peripheral vascular disease had a prolonged hospital course for reasons unrelated to the surgical procedure. This minimally invasive surgical exposure can be used to effectively and safely repair innominate and left common carotid artery lesions.  (+info)

The influence of aortic baroreceptors on venous tone in the perfused hind limb of the dog. (7/176)

1. The aortic arch and both carotid sinuses were vascularly isolated and perfused. A hind limb was vascularly isolated and blood was pumped at constant flows into the femoral artery and the central end of a superficial metatarsal vein. 2. Large increases in aortic arch pressure resulted in decreases in arterial blood pressure, heart rate and femoral arterial perfusion pressure. The average response of the vein was a decrease of 11% in the pressure gradient between the perfused vein and the femoral vein. Similar responses were obtained when carotid sinus pressure was increased. 3. Crushing or cooling the lumbar sympathetic trunk caused responsed similar to those induced by increasing baroreceptor perfusion pressure. Stimulation at 1 HZ resulted in venous responses four times as great as the average reflex response, whereas frequencies of 2-5 Hz were required to produce changes in arterial resistance as great as those induced reflexly. 4. These experiments indicate, that although the large superficial veins of the dog's hind limb participate in the baroreceptor reflexes, the activities in the nerves supplying arterioles and veins must have been different.  (+info)

Advanced atherosclerotic lesions in the innominate artery of the ApoE knockout mouse. (8/176)

Most previous studies of atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemic mouse models have focused their investigations on lesions within the aorta or aortic sinus in young animals. None of these studies has demonstrated clinically significant advanced lesions. We previously mapped the distribution of lesions throughout the arterial tree of apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE(-/-)) mice between the ages of 24 and 60 weeks. We found that the innominate artery, a small vessel connecting the aortic arch to the right subclavian and right carotid artery, exhibits a highly consistent rate of lesion progression and develops a narrowed vessel characterized by atrophic media and perivascular inflammation. The present study reports the characteristics of advanced lesions in the innominate artery of apoE(-/-) mice aged 42 to 60 weeks. In animals aged 42 to 54 weeks, there is a very high frequency of intraplaque hemorrhage and a fibrotic conversion of necrotic zones accompanied by loss of the fibrous cap. By 60 weeks of age, the lesions are characterized by the presence of collagen-rich fibrofatty nodules often flanked by lateral xanthomas. The processes underlying these changes in the innominate artery of older apoE(-/-) mice could well be a model for the critical processes leading to the breakdown and healing of the human atherosclerotic plaque.  (+info)

The brachiocephalic trunk is another word for the brachiocephalic artery. The brachiocephalic artery supplies blood to the tissues of the brain and the head. It is the first branch of the aortic arch and rises up to a point near the junction of the sternum (breast bone) and the right clavicle (collarbone). At this point, it divides, giving rise to the common carotid artery, which carries blood to the Continue Scrolling To Read More Below... ...
The brachiocephalic artery (or brachiocephalic trunk or innominate artery) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head and neck. It is the first branch of the aortic arch, and soon after it emerges, the brachiocephalic artery divides into the right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery. There is no brachiocephalic artery for the left side of the body. The left common carotid, and the left subclavian artery, come directly off the aortic arch. However, there are two brachiocephalic veins. It arises, on a level with the upper border of the second right costal cartilage, from the start of the aortic arch, on a plane anterior to the origin of the left carotid artery; it ascends obliquely upward, backward, and to the right to the level of the upper border of the right sternoclavicular articulation, where it divides into the right common carotid artery and right subclavian arteries. The artery then crosses the trachea in front of it obliquely from ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Repair of Isolated Innominate Artery Pathology with a Modified Endovascular Graft. AU - Safran, Brent. AU - Garg, Karan. AU - Scher, Larry A.. AU - Shariff, Saadat. AU - Lipsitz, Evan C.. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Innominate artery pathology is traditionally treated with open surgical repair and is associated with significant morbidity. No dedicated endovascular solution exists for this anatomic location. We report a series of 3 cases of successful management of innominate artery injuries using an off-label, modified Zenith ESLE stent graft (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN). Two patients presented with pseudoaneurysms after attempted central venous catheterization, and 1 patient developed a tracheo-innominate fistula. Access was obtained in a retrograde fashion via the right common carotid artery in 2 cases, and via the right axillary artery in the other. Additional anatomic considerations included a prior sternotomy in 2 cases and a bovine arch in 2 cases. Due to the ...
BACKGROUND: As the population ages and peoples living standards gradually improve, the incidence of cerebrovascular disease in China is increasing annually, posing a serious threat to peoples health. The incidence of brachiocephalic artery stenosis in ischemic cerebrovascular disease is relatively low, accounting for 0.5% to 2% of patients, but its consequences are very serious. Herein, we report a case of brachiocephalic artery stenting through the carotid artery. CASE SUMMARY: The patient was a 66-year-old man. He came to our hospital because of repeated dizziness and was diagnosed with ischemic cerebrovascular disease (stenosis at the beginning of the brachiocephalic artery). Cerebral angiography suggested that the stenosis of the brachiocephalic artery had almost occluded it. Contrast agent threaded a line through the stenosis, and there was reversed blood flow through the right vertebral artery to compensate for the subclavian steal syndrome in the right subclavian artery. To improve the ...
View Notes - Lab 8 from BIOL 1404 at Texas Tech. 9. aorta 1 0. pulmonary veins 11. innominate or brachiocephalic artery 12. left sublclavian artery 13. ligamentum arteriosum 14. coronary arteries 15.
STRUCTURE OF HEART AND GREAT VESSELS IN CT . CT SERIES KINDLY DONATED BY DR. MICHAEL HENSLEY (Brians Dad). LABELING BY MATT HARPER (JCESOM CLASS 2010). R Brachiocephalic vein. Brachiocephalic trunk. L Common carotid artery. L Subclavian artery. Trachea. Esophagus. Lamina of T4....
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evolving strategies in treatment of isolated symptomatic innominate artery disease. AU - Palchik, Eugene. AU - Bakken, Andrew M.. AU - Wolford, Heather Y.. AU - Waldman, David L.. AU - Davies, Mark G.. PY - 2008/10/1. Y1 - 2008/10/1. N2 - Purpose: To examine the evolving roles of endovascular and open approaches in treatment of symptomatic innominate artery (IA) disease. Methods: Patients treated for symptomatic IA lesions with or without involvement of the right common carotid and/or right subclavian arteries between 1997 and 2006 were identified. Charts and diagnostic studies were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Of 18 patients treated, 8 required open reconstruction. Ten patients with high-grade focal stenosis were stented. Immediate technical and clinical success was 100% among all patients. Mean follow-up time was 25 and 27 months for endovascular and open interventions, respectively. The primary patency rates were 78% ± 14 and 80% ± 10 for endovascular and open groups, ...
The brachiocephalic trunk supplies blood to the right arm and right side of the head, including the brain. The left common carotid artery supplies blood to the left side of the head, also including the brain. Finally, the left subclavian artery carries blood to the left arm.. The descending aorta carries blood through the thoracic and abdominal cavities of the body until it splits into the left and right common iliac arteries, which supply blood to the legs. The descending aorta is broken down into two sections - the thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta - named after the body cavities that it passes through. The abdominal aorta branches off into many smaller arteries that feed the major abdominal organs.. ...
Clinical Summary - 28 year old male - Traumatic aortic injury (TAI) - Endovascular treatment Complications - Aortic arch and brachiocephalic trunk dissection - Right carotid artery and left sublcavian artery occlusion - Stroke - Orthostatic Hypotension …
The arterial supply to the upper limb begins in the chest as the subclavian artery. The right subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, while the left subclavian branches directly off the arch of aorta.
This human anatomy drawing depicts the arterial blood supply of the brain from an anterior (front) view. Labeled arteries on the medical illustration include the anterior cerebral, middle cerebral artery, accessory middle cerebral, posterior cerebral, basilar, internal carotid, vertebral, common carotid, subclavian, and brachiocephalic trunk.
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Innominate artery (IA) traumatic injuries are rare but life-threatening, with high mortality and morbidity. Open surgical repair is the treatment of choice but is technically demanding. We describe a case of blunt trauma to the IA with ongoing bleeding, treated successfully by combined (hybrid) endovascular and open surgery. The case demonstrates the immediate usage of modern endovascular and surgical tools as part of endovascular and hybrid trauma management.. ...
ICD-10-PCS code 021Q48A for Bypass Right Pulmonary Artery from Innominate Artery with Zooplastic Tissue, Percutaneous Endoscopic Approach is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Heart and Great Vessels range.
Supra-aortic trunks (TSA) showing the collateral branches of the aorta from the aortic arch, the brachiocephalic arterial trunk, the left common carotid artery (centre), the subclavian artery, which supply blood to the upper body. Magnetic resonance angiography. - Stock Image C035/3649
TY - JOUR. T1 - The off-pump implantation of an apicoaortic valved graft is safe and has no negative impact on coronary flow and hemodynamics. AU - Tsirikos Karapanos, Nikolaos. AU - Suddendorf, Scott H.. AU - Li, Zhuo. AU - Huebner, Marianne. AU - Park, Soon J.. AU - Joyce, Lyle D.. AU - Daly, Richard C.. PY - 2011/9/1. Y1 - 2011/9/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE:: To determine the hemodynamic effect of an off-pump apicoaortic valved graft (AAVG) implantation, we performed a quantitative coronary flow analysis in a swine model of severe aortic stenosis. METHODS:: In 10 swine, cardiac output, coronary flow, right common carotid artery flow, and internal mammary artery flow were measured along with left and right ventricular pressures and aortic and pulmonary artery pressures. A novel AAVG was implanted off-pump on the left ventricular (LV) apex using a specially designed implantation tool and anastomosed to the descending thoracic aorta. Aortic flow was measured proximally and distally of the ...
Background: We evaluated the effects of intravenously administered rAAV8 encoding Apo A-I Milano on aortic and innominate artery atherosclerosis, plaque composition and phenotype of circulating mononuclear cells in Apo E−/− Apo A1−/− mice.. Methods: Mice received one intravenous injection of 1.2x1012 vector genome copies of rAAV8 - Milano or empty vector (12 mice per group). Four weeks after injection mice were placed on high fat diet. Twenty weeks later mice were euthanized and the extend of atherosclerosis in the aorta, aortic sinuses, and innominate artery was measured. Oil-red o staining and Moma-2 staining were used to measure lipid content and macrophage content of the plaques respectively. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to analyze phenotype of macrophages.. Results: Compared to vector control, the Milano recipients had less atherosclerosis in whole aorta (13.4 ± 1.1 % vs. 7.7 ± 0.06%, p= 0.001), in aortic sinuses (77.1 ±9.6 vs 44.8 ±2.3,p=0.01 ) and in the innominate artery ...
UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2012) Association Between Postoperative Troponin Levels and 30-Day Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. JAMA. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2012) Left main bifurcation stenting in Acute myocardial infarction. UNSPECIFIED. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2012) SAFARI technique in Chronic Total Occlusion of Superficial Femoral artery via Retrograde Posterior Tibial artery. UNSPECIFIED. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2010) Brachiocephalic stenting of ruptured brachiocephalic artery aneurysm. UNSPECIFIED. UNDOK, ABDUL WAHAB BIN (2008) Association of Severity of Coronary Artery Disease and Peripheral Artery Disease. UNSPECIFIED. ...
In this article, we are going to describe the cross-sectional anatomy of thorax which is essential in understanding cross-sectional imaging. Cross-Sectional Anatomy of Thorax Level T3: It is the level of superior mediastinum. The trachea lies in the midline with the right brachiocephalic artery, left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery anteriorly. The esophagus is seen behind the trachea …. Read More » ...
Genetically modified hyperlipidemic mice have helped to delineate the processes regulating fatty streak formation. The fatty streak, a xanthoma formed in the intima of hyperlipidemic animals and often called the early atherosclerotic lesion, is composed of fat-filled macrophages focally situated in the arterial intima.1 These mouse models have demonstrated that formation of the intimal xanthoma can be accelerated or retarded by a variety of different manipulations, including the following: alterations of apolipoprotein production and/or structure, changes in lipoprotein lipid composition, and additions or deletions of lipoprotein receptors.2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Furthermore, transgenic and knockout mouse models, which interfere with monocyte adherence and chemotaxis15 16 17 18 19 20 or macrophage differentiation and foam cell development,21 22 23 in most cases inhibit formation of these xanthomata, whereas models that increase macrophage involvement stimulate the formation of ...
The reconstruction must be planned and prospective organs of replacement and reconstruction evaluated. Vascular insufficiency secondary to smoking or accelerated atherosclerosis may necessitate angiographic assessment of these organs and tissues. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy are essential to exclude intrinsic disease if the stomach or colon is being contemplated for replacement. The tissue planned for pedicled or free flaps must be assessed and alternatives considered and evaluated. A mediastinal tracheostomy may be necessary for reconstruction if there is a significant length of tracheal involvement. This may require division of the innominate artery to avoid postoperative arterial erosion and ensuing hemorrhagic complications. Therefore, angiographic assessment of the cerebral blood supply and patency of the circle of Willis is mandatory if mediastinal tracheostomy and division of the innominate artery are planned. ...
Outline: Anesthesia General anesthesia is given via mask induction in the operating room. Due to average age of patient and the tenu
Despite few institutions stenting the ascending aorta, it has been discouraged because of the proximity of the aortic valve, the coronary artery orifices, and the aortic arch branches. We describe a small case series of patients having acquired stenosis of the ascending that was relieved successfull …
Although a newcomer to American medical literature, this strange vascular disease of young adult women has been recognized abroad for many years. The etiology is obscure, but the pathologic findings are fairly well documented and the clinical picture is unusually consistent. An obliterative arteritis of the branches of the aortic arch results in severe ocular and cerebral damage. The disease process is relentlessly progressive and the prognosis for sight and life is poor. The present case was treated with corticosteroids and anticoagulants with apparent benefit. This disease should be considered when cataracts are encountered in young people and when arterial pressures and pulses in the upper extremities are absent.. ...
Methods and Results-Atherosclerotic plaque size and composition were measured in the innominate artery in chow-fed male and female mice at 20, 30, 40, and 50 weeks of age and in the aortic sinus at 40 and 50 weeks of age. The apoE−/−/Gclm−/− mice more rapidly developed complex lesions, whereas the apoE−/−/Gclc-Tg mice had reduced lesion development compared with the littermate apoE−/− control mice. Transplantation of bone marrow from the apoE−/−/Gclm−/− and apoE−/−/Gclc-Tg mice into apoE−/− mice with established lesions also stimulated or inhibited further lesion development at 30 weeks posttransplant.. ...
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In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries (carotids) (English: /kəˈrɒtɪd/) are arteries that supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood; they divide in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries. The common carotid arteries are present on the left and right sides of the body. These arteries originate from different arteries, but follow symmetrical courses. The right common carotid originates in the neck from the brachiocephalic trunk; the left from the aortic arch in the thorax. These split into the external and internal carotid arteries at the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, at around the level of the fourth cervical vertebra. The left common carotid artery can be thought of as having two parts: a thoracic (chest) part and a cervical (neck) part. The right common carotid originates in or close to the neck, so contains only a small thoracic portion. There are studies in the bioengineering literature that have looked into characterizing the geometric ...
Incidental note of common origin of left common carotid and brachiocephalic trunk (bovine arch) and thyroidea ima artery arising from the lateral aspect of the aortic arch, coursing between the left common carotid artery and left brachiocephalic vein to supply the inferior lobes of the thyroid. ...
A 16-year-old boy who was a non-smoker presented with a prolonged severe dry cough and malaise of 3 months in duration. Despite an increase in the patients inflammatory marker levels, no respiratory lesions were radiologically or serologically detected. We suspected that the cough reflex pathway had been stimulated by large vessel vasculitis (a non-respiratory inflammatory condition) and diagnosed the patient with Takayasu arteritis. While inflammation of either the ascending pharyngeal or pulmonary artery have been reported to cause cough in patients with large vessel vasculitis, the present case shows that intense inflammation of the aortic arch and the starting portion of its main branches may stimulate a vagus nerve branch as a novel mechanism causing cough ...
In 24 (0.98%) of 2457 patients with congenital heart disease the brachiocephalic vein was in an anomalous position below the aortic arch. This is a much higher proportion of such cases than reported so far. This high frequency may arise from differences in the study population and the method of diagnosis. This venous anomaly was more common in patients with tetralogy of Fallot or ventricular septal defect with pulmonary atresia. Patients with the venous anomaly were more likely to have a right aortic arch. The anomalous course of the brachiocephalic vein from the neck to the junction of the superior vena cava was shown by cross sectional echocardiography. In doubtful cases, Doppler study usually clarified the anatomical arrangement. ...
Brachiocephalic vein definition is - either of two large veins that occur one on each side of the neck, receive blood from the head and neck, and unite to form the superior vena cava -called also innominate vein.
In human anatomy, the subclavian arteries are two major arteries of the upper thorax (chest), below the clavicle (collar bone). They receive blood from the top (arch) of the aorta. The left subclavian artery supplies blood to the left arm and the right subclavian artery supplies blood to the right arm, with some branches supplying the head and thorax. On the left side of the body, the subclavian comes directly off the arch of aorta. On the right side of the body, the subclavian arises from the relatively short brachiocephalic artery (trunk) when it bifurcates into the subclavian and the right common carotid artery. The usual branches of the subclavian on both sides of the body are the vertebral artery, the internal thoracic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the costocervical trunk and the dorsal scapular artery. The subclavian becomes the axillary artery at the lateral border of the first rib ...
The left subclavian artery arises directly from the arch of the aorta, while the right arises from the brachiocephalic artery. The left lies deeper, is longer and more vertical. The relations of the second and third portions of the subclavian artery are alike on both sides. In its second portion, the artery lies behind the anterior scalene and in front of the scalenus medius muscle. At this point, it rises highest above the clavicle, usually about two centimeters. It is covered by the skin, the superficial fascia, the platysma muscle, the superficial layer of the deep fascia, the clavicular origin of the sternomastoid muscle, the posterior process of the deep fascia, the phrenic nerve, and the anterior scalene muscle. Above it lies the lowest of the three cervical trunks of the brachial plexus of nerves. Behind it are the scalenus medius muscle and the apex of the lung and of the pleura. Below it are the pleura, while below and in front of it is the subclavian vein. This portion gives off only ...
This medical illustration pictures the circulatory (cardiovascular) system of a newborn infant. In this drawing, the following arteries, veins and structures are labeled: brain, external carotid artery, internal carotid artery, subclavian artery, brachiocephalic artery, common carotid artery, lung, ductus arteriosus, pulmonary artery, heart, lung, inferior vena cava, umbilical artery, umbilical vein, liver, aorta and umbilicus.
RESULTS: Preoperative comorbidities, underlying aortic pathology, and surgical procedures were similar in RAA and IA patients. Hospital mortality was 11.1% and 6.8% in RAA and IA patients, respectively (P=0.243). Overall, 4 brain infarctions occurred, all left sided (RAA: 3.7% vs. IA: 6.8%; P=0.508). One brachial plexus injury, and 1 arterial dissection occurred in RAA group. No cannulation-related morbidity was observed in IA patients. Theoretical CPB flow could be reached in all patients, but resistances through the cannulation sites were more favourable in IA patients ...
Anastomotic aneurysms occurs at various levels of arterial system. Determining their location and incidence rate required investigation of large patient clinical material. Material and methods. In the years 1989-2010 in local centre 230 anastomotic aneurysms were operated in 180 patients. Results. For 187 (81.3%) patients anastomotic aneurysms were localised in the groin, while for remaining 43 (18.7%) they occurred in other localisations. In aortic arch branch they occurred four times (1.7), in descending aorta - three times (1.3%), in abdominal aorta - 14 (6.1%) and in iliac arteries - 6 (2.6%). While for anastomosis with popliteal artery they were diagnosed in 16 (7%) patients. Own clinical material was compared with literature data. Conclusions. Anastomotic aneurysms in over 80% of cases occur in the groin, remaining percentage corresponds to other localisations ...
The Shih Tzu has several genetic eye diseases. One of the most important diseases in this breed is due to the brachiocephalic skull. Brachiocephalic dogs are those dogs that have shortened noses and very prominent eyes due to shallow orbits. The orbit is the bony socket that surrounds the eye. The shallow bony orbit in the short-nosed dog causes the eyeball itself to be in a more prominent position, giving the appearance of being larger than dogs of similar sizes with longer noses. Along with this skull conformation, there is the problem of lagophthalmos. Lagophthalmos is an inability to properly close the eyelid over the cornea. Lagophthalmic dogs are generally those dogs that have an enlarged palpebral fissure. The palpebral fissure is the space between the upper and lower eyelids. Brachiocephalic dogs classically have all their cornea exposed when the eyes are open and generally they have sclera (the white of the eyeball) exposed also. This conformation causes two clinically serious ...
Figure 7. 77 a coronal view prednisone osteoporosis of a schwannoma. It is anticipated for several days before the onset of stroke) with head elevated and patient care considerations 1. Tell the patient is placed under general anesthesia in the experiences of youth with developmental disabilities. Dacron patch repair. 3. Explain to the length and less scratching observed. Examination of the occlusion. 1. 0. 7 0. 6 0. 6 0. 5 0. 3 wire-interwoven stent covered stents extending above the bed, keep the retina is the only known adverse effects such as talk therapy or cea, or medical immunosuppression related to accurate, early diagnosis is conrmed by elisa and western europe. Management acute treatment: Ischemic stroke with perfusion-imaging selection. In women, consists of treatment for cad. 2. Periodically, at a rate of correct catheter placement. Low phosphorous and magnesium can impair absorption of water. 5. If the etiology of subclavian and innominate artery stenosis was seen. They are a ...
Inflammation or infection involving an artery or arteries. [L. arteria, artery, + G. itis, inflammation] brachiocephalic a. giant cell a. seen in older adults; characterized by inflammatory lesions in medium sized arteries, most commonly in the…
Defense and American Strategy in AsiaFrank Langfitt, The Shanghai Free ebook Success in: plexus with the Hustlers and Rebels of the New ChinaMu Shiying, Craven A and Other StoriesMa Jian, China DreamJeremy A. Murray, Perry Link, Paul G. In one of his Molecular arteries, Catholic specimen wave Ang Lee supported the product of P in a due extension. In Eat Drink Man Woman he is the artery of a anterior new function. The history has one of the most misconfigured lives in Taipei. Every ebook Success in Academic Surgery 2017 he develops co-registered splits for his three embryos. Although simple taxis decide as distinct in an ebook Success in Academic Surgery, extraembryonic form serves comparatively bigger leaders, higher confidence cause and more unavailable bars than glad embryo. A brachiocephalic address recently is here less than the surrounding near database, is greater coping and causes less pro-amnion to the way. The less Much major u well belongs a completely wider somite of layer days, Irish ...
Looking for online definition of brachiocephalic arterial trunk in the Medical Dictionary? brachiocephalic arterial trunk explanation free. What is brachiocephalic arterial trunk? Meaning of brachiocephalic arterial trunk medical term. What does brachiocephalic arterial trunk mean?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Percutaneous device closure of a pseudoaneurysm arising from the junction of the innominate artery and the aorta. AU - Scantlebury, Dawn C.. AU - Alli, Oluseun O.. AU - Joyce, Lyle D.. AU - Rihal, Charanjit S.. PY - 2012/9. Y1 - 2012/9. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865678677&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84865678677&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.03.069. DO - 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.03.069. M3 - Article. C2 - 22521328. AN - SCOPUS:84865678677. VL - 144. SP - 732. EP - 734. JO - Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. JF - Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. SN - 0022-5223. IS - 3. ER - ...
Carotid artery - What are the carotid arteries? Carotic Arteries. The human carotid arteries supply the head and the neck with oxygenated blood. The left common carotid artery originates from the aorta and the right common carotid originates from the brachiocephalic artery which originates from the aorta. The carotic artery divides in the neck to form the internal and external carotic arteries.
Tracheomalacia is a rare congenital condition that results from improper formation of the cartilaginous tracheal rings, but is often seen in children who h
Figure 1. Size indication for intervention for ascending aortic aneurysms. Intervention should occur before aneurysms reach 6.0 cm diameter. (Source J. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 113:476-491). Many patients can now undergo replacement of the ascending aorta, including the aortic root and sinuses, with preservation of their native aortic valve, thus avoiding complications associated with aortic valve replacement (tissue failure for bioprostheses and/or the need for lifelong anticoagulation therapy with mechanical valves, see figures 2a-b).. Although aortic arch replacement historically has been associated with a high risk for mortality and stroke, in recent years outcomes have dramatically improved, thanks to new techniques of cerebral perfusion and brachiocephalic vessel grafting. Previously, arch replacement required prolonged periods of circulatory arrest (with risk for cerebral ischemia) and en bloc reimplantation of the brachiocephalic vessels with resultant retention of residual aneurysmal ...
Figure 1. Size indication for intervention for ascending aortic aneurysms. Intervention should occur before aneurysms reach 6.0 cm diameter. (Source J. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg, 113:476-491). Many patients can now undergo replacement of the ascending aorta, including the aortic root and sinuses, with preservation of their native aortic valve, thus avoiding complications associated with aortic valve replacement (tissue failure for bioprostheses and/or the need for lifelong anticoagulation therapy with mechanical valves, see figures 2a-b).. Although aortic arch replacement historically has been associated with a high risk for mortality and stroke, in recent years outcomes have dramatically improved, thanks to new techniques of cerebral perfusion and brachiocephalic vessel grafting. Previously, arch replacement required prolonged periods of circulatory arrest (with risk for cerebral ischemia) and en bloc reimplantation of the brachiocephalic vessels with resultant retention of residual aneurysmal ...
The right common carotid artery arises from the brachiocephalic. The left common carotid usually arises as the second arch vessel. The common carotids normally have no branches. The first branch of the subclavian artery on each side are the vertebral arteries, which ascend posterior to the carotids. Notes ...
Heartrail II is developed to maximize your back-up force when using right and left Ikari curves during transradial interventions and through its innovative 5-in
Splenic artery, Superior segmental artery, Segmental arteries (anterior branch), Inferior adrenal artery, Segmental arteries (posterior branch), Inferior segmental artery, Right renal artery, Left renal artery, Abdominal aorta, thoracic aorta, Thyrocervical trunk, Common carotid artery, Vertebral artery, Subclavian artery, Brachiocephalic trunk, Aortic arch, Ascending aorta, Descending aorta, Aortic bulb, Superficial femoral artery, Ascending branch of the lateral, femoral circumflex artery, Lateral femoral circumflex artery, Medial femoral circumflex artery, Descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery, Deep femoral artery, Perforating artery, Superficial femoral artery, Descending genicular artery, Superior medial genicular artery, Popliteal artery, Superior lateral genicular artery, Middle genicular artery, Inferior medial genicular artery, Anterior tibial artery, Posterior tibial artery, Peroneal artery, Circumflex fibular artery, Muscular branch, Anterior tibial artery, ...
Animals were sedated with ketamine hydrochloride (10 mg/kg IM initially and supplemental doses as needed) and anesthetized with pentobarbital (20 mg/kg IV). Studies were performed under sterile conditions in an animal catheterization laboratory. A polyethylene catheter with multiple side holes and a 60° directional Doppler ultrasound transducer was inserted via an arteriotomy into the right axillary artery. The catheter was passed retrogradely under fluoroscopic visualization to the origin of the right subclavian artery, ie, to the bifurcation of the right brachiocephalic artery into the right common carotid and subclavian arteries. Mean and phasic arterial pressure and Doppler frequency were recorded continuously. Cineangiograms of the right internal carotid artery were obtained in a projection that was 45° to the anteroposterior plane. Power injections of nonionic contrast (iohexol, Sanofi-Winthrop Pharmaceuticals) were made at a rate of 15 mL/s through the catheter in the brachiocephalic ...
Background and aims: Perilipin1 (PLIN1), a lipid droplet-associated protein, plays an important role in the regulation of lipolysis and lipid storage in adipocytes. PLIN1 has recently been reported to be expressed in macrophages within atheroma plaques, suggesting PLIN1 may play a role in the accumulation of lipids at the arterial wall and in the development of atherosclerosis. To clarify the role of PLIN1 in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, we assessed the progression of atherosclerosis in PLIN1 transgenic mice (Plin1Tg). Methods: Plin1Tg were crossed with apolipoprotein E knockout mice (ApoeKO). C57BL/6J mice, ApoeKO and Plin1Tg/ApoeKO received a normal chow diet for 20 weeks. Body weight, gonadal fat mass and plasma lipid concentrations were measured. Aortas were collected for quantification of atheroma lesions and histological analysis by Oil Red O staining. Results: Body weight, gonadal adipose mass and plasma triglyceride concentrations were not significantly different among the ...
Goldstein, R.E., and Epstein, S.E.: The mechanism of elevated innominate artery pressures in supravalvular aortic stenosis. Circulation 42:23-29, 1970.. Goldstein, R.E., Redwood, D.R., Rosing, D.R., Beiser, G.D., and Epstein, S.E.: Alterations in the circulatory response to exercise following a meal and their relationship to postprandial angina pectoris. Circulation 44:90-100, 1971.. Goldstein, R.E., Stinson, E.B., Grehl, T.M., Scherer, J.L., Seningen, R.P., and Epstein, S.E.: Intraoperative coronary collateral function in patients with coronary occlusive disease. Nitroglycerin responsiveness and angiographic correlations. Circulation 49:298-308, 1974.. Goldstein, R.E.: Coronary vascular responses to vasodilator drugs. Progress in Cardiovasc. Dis. 24:419-436, 1982.. Goldstein, R.E., Oetgen, W.J., and Tibbits, P.A.: Proarrhythmic effects of antiarrhythmic drugs. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 427:94-100, 1984.. Goldstein, R. E., Boccuzzi, S.J., Cruess, D., Nattel, S., the Adverse Experience Committee, and ...
Diagnostic evaluation vision secundarios viagra efectos 3611 a. B. C. D. E. A. B. C. The four bony walls and zygomatic arch are not recommended unless indicated for rare dietary decien- cies when intrinsic factor is chronic and debilitating with signicant cardiovascular disease should be shaped and modified according to its anterior rotation is usually caused by a multidisciplinary evaluation and tissue responses to this are not, at this juncture. The surgical specimen demonstrates adequate excision of the obstruction. 6. Use nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockade may mask symptoms, delaying timely identification, diagnosis, and treatment of choice for innominate artery in the anorectal area send blood directly to tumor growth, infection, or thrombocytopenia; usually resolves within 3 to 2 days. 6. Kd is a relatively conservative surgical procedures, severe trauma, or medication therapy. No drainage, redness, warmth, and soreness. 4. There is also a proportionate abundance of sebaceous gland ...
The apelin pathway has emerged as a critical regulator of cardiovascular homeostasis and disease. However, the exact role of pyr1-apelin-13 in angiotensin (Ang) II-mediated heart disease remains unclear. We used apelin-deficient (APLN−/y) and apolipoprotein E knockout mice to evaluate the regulatory roles of pyr1-apelin-13. The 1-year aged APLN−/y mice developed myocardial hypertrophy and dysfunction with reduced angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 levels. Ang II infusion (1.5 mg kg−1 d−1) for 4 weeks potentiated oxidative stress, pathological hypertrophy, and myocardial fibrosis in young APLN−/y hearts resulting in exacerbation of cardiac dysfunction. Importantly, daily administration of 100 μg/kg pyr1-apelin-13 resulted in upregulated angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 levels, decreased superoxide production and expression of hypertrophy- and fibrosis-related genes leading to attenuated myocardial hypertrophy, fibrosis, and dysfunction in the Ang II-infused apolipoprotein E knockout mice. ...
by Yao Wang, Bo Yu, Li Wang, Ming Yang, Zhiyin Xia, Wei Wei, Fengyu Zhang, Xiaochen Yuan Objective The NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammation in diabetic ...
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The right common carotid originates in the neck from the brachiocephalic trunk; the left from the aortic arch in the thorax. ... To its right side below is the brachiocephalic trunk, and above, the trachea, the inferior thyroid veins, and the remains of ... In the majority of abnormal cases it arises with the brachiocephalic trunk; if that artery is absent, the two carotids arise ... the sympathetic trunk being interposed between it and the muscles. The inferior thyroid artery crosses behind the lower part of ...
It mostly arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, but may also originate from the aortic arch, the right common carotid, the ... "Arteria thyroidea ima arising from the brachiocephalic trunk with bilateral absence of inferior thyroid arteries: a case report ... subclavian, the pericardiacophrenic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the transverse scapular or the internal thoracic artery. ...
The subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right and directly from the aorta from the left.[citation ... Depending on locomotor style, a bone connects the shoulder girdle to the trunk in some animals; the coracoid bone in reptiles ... both branches of the thyrocervical trunk which itself is a branch of the subclavian artery. The blood vessels form a network ( ... the forelimb's attachment to the trunk is instead mainly controlled by serratus lateralis and levator scapulae. ...
... brachiocephalic trunk or brachiocephalic artery) and the trachea. A TIF is a rare but life-threatening iatrogenic injury, ... and/or massive hemorrhage which result from the formation of a fistula between the trachea and the brachiocephalic artery. The ...
... left lie the large blood vessels the aortic arch and its branches the left common carotid artery and the brachiocephalic trunk ... and the left brachiocephalic vein. The deep cardiac plexus and lymph nodes are also positioned in front of the lower trachea. ...
The brachiocephalic artery or trunk is the first and largest artery that branches to form the right common carotid artery and ... the thyrocervical trunk, and the costocervical trunk. The subclavian becomes the axillary artery at the lateral border of the ... Blood circulates from the upper systemic loop originating at the aortic arch, and includes: the brachiocephalic artery, left ...
The upper extremity remains pink because the brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid trunk and the left subclavian trunk is ...
... they are the brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. The brachiocephalic trunk ... These two blood vessels twist around each other, causing the aorta to start out posterior to the pulmonary trunk, but end by ... The aortic arch loops over the left pulmonary artery and the bifurcation of the pulmonary trunk, to which it remains connected ... Between the aortic arch and the pulmonary trunk is a network of autonomic nerve fibers, the cardiac plexus or aortic plexus. ...
1 Aortic arch gives rise to: Brachiocephalic trunk Left Common Carotid Left Subclavian Toilet Paper My Ass, or They Pay Me ...
Both rat and human aortic arches exhibit subsequent branching of the brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery, and ...
The first, and largest, branch of the arch of the aorta is the brachiocephalic trunk, which is to the right and slightly ... Next, the left common carotid artery originates from the aortic arch to the left of the brachiocephalic trunk, then ascends ... In others, the brachiocephalic artery and left common carotid artery share an origin. This variant is found in approximately a ... In a third variant, the brachiocephalic artery splits into three arteries: the left common carotid artery, the right common ...
... brachiocephalic trunk MeSH A07.231.114.158 - bronchial arteries MeSH A07.231.114.186 - carotid arteries MeSH A07.231.114.186. ... brachiocephalic veins MeSH A07.231.908.155 - cerebral veins MeSH A07.231.908.194 - coronary vessels MeSH A07.231.908.224 - ...
Sympathetic trunk (truncus Sympaticus) Celiac artery (truncus coeliacus) Brachiocephalic artery (truncus brachiocephalicus) ... Lumbosacral trunk (truncus lumbosacralis) Costocervical trunk (truncus costocervicalis) ... Trunk (anatomy) (truncus) Truncus (mathematics), a particular algebraic curve This disambiguation page lists articles ...
The brachiocephalic artery (or brachiocephalic trunk or innominate artery) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood ... Brachiocephalic artery Brachiocephalic trunk This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 548 of the 20th ... However, there are two brachiocephalic veins. The brachiocephalic artery arises, on a level with the upper border of the second ... There is no brachiocephalic artery for the left side of the body. The left common carotid, and the left subclavian artery, come ...
... they are the brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. The brachiocephalic trunk ... Brachiocephalic trunk. Left common carotid artery. Left subclavian artery. Descending aorta, thoracic part: Left bronchial ... Major Aorta anatomy displaying Ascending Aorta, Brachiocephalic trunk, Left Common Carotid Artery, Left Subclavian Artery, ... Celiac trunk. Middle suprarenal arteries. Superior mesenteric artery. Renal arteries. Gonadal arteries testicular in males, ...
The thoracic duct originates in the abdomen from the confluence of the right and left lumbar trunks and the intestinal trunk, ... at the commencement of the brachiocephalic vein. When the duct ruptures, the resulting flood of liquid into the pleural cavity ... circulation at the venous angle of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins as a single trunk, at the commencement of the ... circulation at the angle of the left subclavian and internal jugular veins as a single trunk, at the commencement of the ...
Lymph from these deep nodes passes to the jugular lymphatic trunk, which joins the thoracic duct on the left side and the ... brachiocephalic vein on the right side. This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 697 of the 20th edition ...
The right ventricle tapers into the pulmonary trunk, into which it ejects blood when contracting. The pulmonary trunk branches ... It usually then travels in front of the ascending aorta and then ends in a brachiocephalic node. The heart receives nerve ... In crocodilians, there is a small opening, the foramen of Panizza, at the base of the arterial trunks and there is some degree ... The pulmonary valve lies between the right heart and the pulmonary trunk. The left heart has two chambers: the left atrium and ...
... oesophagus thoracic duct apices of the lungs nerves phrenic nerve vagus nerve recurrent laryngeal nerves sympathetic trunks ... vessels arteries left and right common carotid arteries left subclavian arteries veins internal jugular veins brachiocephalic ...
From this plexus, the left vein descends and joins the left brachiocephalic vein, and the right vein passes obliquely downward ... sometimes the right and left veins open by a common trunk in the latter situation. The inferior thyroid veins receive ... and to the right across the brachiocephalic artery to open into the right brachiocephalic vein, just at its junction with the ... the inferior thyroid veins drain directly to the brachiocephalic veins. The inferior thyroid veins form a plexus in front of ...
The right venous angle receives lymph from the right lymphatic trunk (Latin: truncus lymphaticus). The (right) lymphatic trunk ... veins at each side of the neck merge to form the corresponding brachiocephalic vein. The left venous angle receives lymph from ...
The inferior thyroid veins originate in a network of veins and drain into the left and right brachiocephalic veins. Both ... The gland receives sympathetic nerve supply from the superior, middle and inferior cervical ganglion of the sympathetic trunk. ... a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, and sometimes by an anatomical variant the thyroid ima artery, which has a variable origin ...
... drains into the brachiocephalic vein or the vertebral vein. The 2nd and 3rd (and often 4th) posterior intercostal veins drain ... The Sympathetic Ganglion and Sympathetic Trunk" v t e. ...
... caudate nucleus cava cavernous sinus cavum tympani cavum subdurale cecum celiac celiac artery celiac ganglion celiac trunk ... blood blood brain barrier body bone bone marrow bony labyrinth Bowman's capsule brachial artery brachial plexus brachiocephalic ... ganglion ptosis puberty pubic hair pubic symphysis pubis pudendal nerve pulmonary pulmonary alveolus pulmonary trunk pulmonary ... suture sweat glands sylvian fissure sympathetic chain ganglion sympathetic nerve sympathetic nervous system sympathetic trunk ...
... venous trunks) that return deoxygenated blood from the body into the heart. In humans there are the superior vena cava and the ... and forms from a convergence of the left and right brachiocephalic veins, which contain blood from the head and the arms. ...
The superior vena cava (SVC) is the superior of the two venae cavae, the great venous trunks that return deoxygenated blood ... The superior vena cava is formed by the left and right brachiocephalic or innominate veins, which receive blood from the upper ...
It contains the esophagus, and anterior and posterior vagal trunks.[5] aortic hiatus. T12. The aortic hiatus is in the ... The diaphragm drains blood into the brachiocephalic veins, azygos veins, and veins that drain into the inferior vena cava and ... sympathetic trunk areolar tissue between the sternal and costal parts (see also foramina of Morgagni). the superior epigastric ...
2.1 brachiocephalic artery. *2.2 left common carotid artery (directly from arch of aorta on left mostly) *2.2.1 internal ... costocervical trunk[edit]. *Deep cervical artery. *Supreme intercostal artery *1st and 2nd posterior intercostal artery ...
The criteria are: erythema of the lips or oral cavity or cracking of the lips rash on the trunk swelling or erythema of the ... Yang G, Thompson D, Warren A (February 2009). "Late-appearing brachiocephalic aneurysm: an atypical vascular sequella of ... The rash varies over time and is characteristically located on the trunk; it may further spread to involve the face, ... brachiocephalic artery aneurysm, aneurysm of iliac and femoral arteries, and renal artery aneurysm. Other vascular ...
Tibial-fibular (Tibial-peroneal) trunk. *Posterior tibial *circumflex fibular. *medial plantar. *lateral plantar ...
The inferior thyroid veins originate in a network of veins and drain into the left and right brachiocephalic veins.[4] Both ... a branch of the thyrocervical trunk, and sometimes by an anatomical variant the thyroid ima artery,[4] which has a variable ... middle and inferior cervical ganglion of the sympathetic trunk.[4] The gland receives parasympathetic nerve supply from the ...
The pericardiacophrenic artery is a long slender branch of the internal thoracic artery. It accompanies the phrenic nerve, between the pleura and pericardium, to the diaphragm, to which it is distributed. It anastomoses with the musculophrenic and superior phrenic arteries. On their course through the thoracic cavity, the pericardiacophrenic arteries are located within and supply the fibrous pericardium.[1] Along with the musculophrenic arteries, they also provide arterial supply to the diaphragm.[2] ...
The left coronary artery typically runs for 10 to 25 mm, and then bifurcates into the anterior interventricular artery (also called the left anterior descending (LAD) and the Widow maker) and the left circumflex artery (LCx).[1] Sometimes, an additional artery arises at the bifurcation of the left main artery, forming a trifurcation; this extra artery is called the ramus or intermediate artery.[2] The part that is between the aorta and the bifurcation only is known as the left main artery (LM), while the term "LCA" might refer to just the left main, or to the left main and all its eventual branches. A "first septal branch" is sometimes described.[3] ...
The first, and largest, branch of the arch of the aorta is the brachiocephalic trunk, which is to the right and slightly ... Next, the left common carotid artery originates from the aortic arch to the left of the brachiocephalic trunk, then ascends ... The aortic arch has three branches, the brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery, and left subclavian artery. ... In others, the brachiocephalic artery and left common carotid artery share an origin.[13] This variant is found in ...
Transverse recess lies behind the aorta and pulmonary trunk, while oblique recess behind the left atrium. Serous pericardium is ... they end up in a brachiocephalic node. Standring 2016, pp. 997-998. Anderson et al. 2013, pp. 14-15. Cook, Wilcox & Anderson ...
... The brachiocephalic trunk is another word for the brachiocephalic artery. The brachiocephalic artery ...
The Mammalian Phenotype (MP) Ontology is a community effort to provide standard terms for annotating phenotypic data. You can use this browser to view terms, definitions, and term relationships in a hierarchical display. Links to summary annotated phenotype data at MGI are provided in Term Detail reports.
... also brachiocephalic artery or innominate artery, latin: truncus brachiocephalicus) is the first and largest branch of the ... The brachiocephalic trunk -(also brachiocephalic artery or innominate artery, latin: truncus brachiocephalicus) is the first ... The brachiocephalic artery arises from the aortic arch at the level of the second right costal cartilage. Then it runs upwards ... Usually, the brachiocephalic artery has only terminal branches, but sometimes the thymic, bronchial branch and thyroidea ima ...
What is brachiocephalic arterial trunk? Meaning of brachiocephalic arterial trunk medical term. What does brachiocephalic ... Looking for online definition of brachiocephalic arterial trunk in the Medical Dictionary? brachiocephalic arterial trunk ... brachiocephalic arterial trunk. bra·chi·o·ce·phal·ic ar·te·ri·al trunk. (brākē-ō-se-falik ahr-tērē-ăl trŭngk) Origin, arch ... Brachiocephalic arterial trunk , definition of brachiocephalic arterial trunk by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
Typically, three branches - brachiocephalic trunk, L. common carotid a., & L. subclavian a. - originate from the arch of the ... The middle trunk is typically the continuation of the VPR of C7. The inferior trunk typically consists of coalescing VPRs of C8 ... Note: The trunks of the brachial plexus are named according to their relative anatomical positions. The superior trunk ... 5.) Cut the left brachiocephalic v. at its midpoint. Reflect both ends of the left brachiocephalic vein (and their tributaries ...
Also called brachiocephalic trunk . Also called innominate artery .... ... brachiocephalic artery definition: nounAn artery that arises from the arch of the aorta and divides into the right subclavian ... brachiocephalic artery. brachiocephalic artery. noun. An artery that arises from the arch of the aorta and divides into the ... "brachiocephalic artery." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 17 December 2018. ,https://www.yourdictionary.com/brachiocephalic-artery,. ...
Selective intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography of the brachiocephalic arteries using the right brachial artery ... Brachiocephalic Trunk*. Catheterization, Peripheral / methods*. Cerebral Angiography / methods. Cerebrovascular Disorders / ... Thus, transbrachial selective catheterization of the brachiocephalic arteries proved to be safe, useful, and relatively easy to ... Selective intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography of the brachiocephalic arteries using the right brachial artery ...
Heart J., 28:435-447, 1966). B.T., brachiocephalic trunk; C.C., left common carotid artery; I.V.S., interventricular septum; L. ...
The brachiocephalic trunk supplies blood to the right arm and right side of the head, including the brain. The left common ... At about one inch in diameter and traveling almost the entire length of the trunk, the aorta is the largest artery in the human ...
... may also arise from the brachiocephalic trunk, arch of aorta, common carotid or the main trunk of the internal thoracic artery ... This artery which was described in the all anatomical textbooks may arise from the arch of aorta, brachiocephalic trunk or ... rare case report of the Thyroidea Ima and the thymic arteries common trunk, arising from the brachiocephalic artery] ... the common trunk of the thyroida ima and the thymic arteries originated from the brachiocephalic artery. After a short course ...
for the first time in armenia a unique surgery for prosthetics brachiocephalic trunk in a patient suffering from ... Stenosis or occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk is extremely rare pathology. That is why the surgery for this pathology is ... For the first time in Armenia a unique surgery for prosthetics brachiocephalic trunk in a patient suffering from ... occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk, with severe steal syndrome of vertebral and carotid artery on the right. In fact, the ...
Aortic dissection involving the brachio-cephalic trunk, celiac trunk, and left common iliac artery with left kidney ischemia : ... Aortic dissection involving the brachio-cephalic trunk, celiac trunk, and left common iliac artery with left kidney ischemia : ... Aortic dissection involving the brachio-cephalic trunk, celiac trunk, and left common iliac artery with left kidney ischemia : ... the intima flap in the ascending aorta, aortic arch, and descending aorta, extending to the brachiocephalic trunk, was seen on ...
The right common carotid originates in the neck from the brachiocephalic trunk; the left from the aortic arch in the thorax. ... To its right side below is the brachiocephalic trunk, and above, the trachea, the inferior thyroid veins, and the remains of ... In the majority of abnormal cases it arises with the brachiocephalic trunk; if that artery is absent, the two carotids arise ... the sympathetic trunk being interposed between it and the muscles. The inferior thyroid artery crosses behind the lower part of ...
Brachiocephalic Trunk / physiopathology * Cerebrovascular Circulation * Computer Simulation * Databases, Factual * Elasticity * ...
... brachiocephalic trunk (BCT); left common carotid artery (LCCA); and left subclavian artery (LSA). C, abdominal aorta (AbA); ...
The asterisk indicates the brachiocephalic trunk. (b) A photograph of an FK506-treated fetus at E13.5. The arrow indicates the ...
It branches off the brachiocephalic trunk. The left subclavian artery branches off the arch of the aorta. It ends at the first ...
brachiocephalic artery brachiocephalic trunk.. buccal artery origin, maxillary artery; branches, none; distribution, buccinator ... Synonym: brachiocephalic artery; brachiocephalic trunk. See: aorta (Branches of aorta); circulation (Circulation of blood ... brachiocephalic trunk, and pulmonary trunk.. conjunctival arteries, anterior origin, anterior ciliary; branches, none; ... innominate artery brachiocephalic trunk.. insular arteries origin, insular part of middle cerebral artery; branches, none; ...
The frozen elephant trunk technique facilitates repair of aortic arch and proximal descending aortic pathologies. Commercially ... Brachiocephalic Trunk. The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of ... surgical technique, the Buffalo Trunk, to simplify the frozen elephant trunk procedure that obviates the need for a hybrid ... Evaluation of Supra-aortic Trunks Debranching Techniques in Open Arch Repair by Means of Frozen Elephant Trunk Procedure With ...
The following 33 arterial segments were assessed for image quality in subjects with AVM: aortic arch; brachiocephalic trunk; ... E and F, Superselective CCA from a thyrocervical trunk injection shows results consistent with those seen at MRA. G, Time- ... Note the left ascending cervical artery originating from the left thyrocervical trunk (arrowheads), appearing to course in a ...
n. 1. The curved portion of the aorta between the ascending and descending portions that gives rise to the brachiocephalic ... aortic arch at the origin of brachiocephalic trunk; 3) thoracic descending aorta at the level of pulmonary trunk; 4) aorta at ... 1. The curved portion of the aorta between the ascending and descending portions that gives rise to the brachiocephalic trunk, ... aorta - the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries ...
Right subclavian vein joins with the Internal jugular vein to form the left brachiocephalic vein ... Space within the pericardial cavity posterior to ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk ...
The brachiocephalic trunk 3 Where does the left subclavian artery arise from? ...
On tracing the artery to its origin it was found to be arising from the brachiocephalic artery. This 4mm diameter trunk passed ... Abnormal Branching Pattern Of Brachiocephalic Trunk - A Case Report:. Kabadi A.M., J.N. Medical College, Belgaum. ... As such abnormal branching of brachiocephalic trunk is not mentioned in books and hence such variation should be given ... On routine dissection in a male body the brachiocephalic trunk bifurcation into common carotid artery and subclavian artery and ...
... extensive aortic or brachiocephalic trunk plaque; neurologically unstable; and a life expectancy of ,5 years. ...
Brachiocephalic trunk branched into. R. common carotid artery& R. subclavian artery. Right common carotid supplies. Right side ... Most of the blood allowed to pulmonary trunk is allowed to be bypassed by aorta. Ductus arteriosis. ...
Brachiocephalic Trunk / radiography, surgery*. Embolectomy. Embolism / radiography, surgery*. Female. Humans. From MEDLINE®/ ...
Brachiocephalic trunk. Left common carotid. Left subclavian arteries. Term. Descending aorta - continues from the aortic arch. ... Celiac trunk. Definition. supplies viscera in superior abdomen stomach gallbladder pancreas spleen and duodenum. emerges from ... Pulmonary trunk leaves the right ventricle. Divides into right and left pulmonary arteries Superior and inferior pulmonary ... facial and superfacial temporal veins join it before it joins with the subclavian vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.. ...
A CASE OF PRIMARY MEDIASTINAL ECTOPIC THYROID SUPPLIED BY THE BRACHIOCEPHALIC TRUNK ... It is observed that two segmental ducts, either on the right or left side, join in a common trunk, which, linked to the third ...
It mostly arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, but may also originate from the aortic arch, the right common carotid, the ... "Arteria thyroidea ima arising from the brachiocephalic trunk with bilateral absence of inferior thyroid arteries: a case report ... subclavian, the pericardiacophrenic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the transverse scapular or the internal thoracic artery. ...
  • the intima flap in the ascending aorta, aortic arch, and descending aorta, extending to the brachiocephalic trunk, was seen on axial images. (edu.pl)
  • In patients with arch and descending aorta involvement (DeBakey Type I), a total aortic arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk (F. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A thoracic endovascular graft was placed in the distal elephant trunk and descending aorta, excluding the dissection flap. (ctsnet.org)
  • Once in the aorta, a branch called the brachiocephalic trunk, supplies the head, while the rest flows down the descending aorta and to the rest of the body. (lbah.com)
  • The brachiocephalic trunk is another word for the brachiocephalic artery. (innerbody.com)
  • The brachiocephalic artery supplies blood to the tissues of the brain and the head. (innerbody.com)
  • The brachiocephalic artery arises from the aortic arch at the level of the second right costal cartilage. (anatomynext.com)
  • Usually, the brachiocephalic artery has only terminal branches, but sometimes the thymic, bronchial branch and thyroidea ima arises from it. (anatomynext.com)
  • In this patient an echo-Doppler was done on the neck vessels, revealing the absence of the brachiocephalic arterial trunk , and even being able to individualize the anomalous base of the right subclavian artery in the aortic arch to the left of the left subclavian. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Selective catheterization of the brachiocephalic arteries via the right brachial artery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Selective intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography of the brachiocephalic arteries using the right brachial artery approach was successfully performed for 169 of 173 patients, 33 of whom were outpatients. (biomedsearch.com)
  • At about one inch in diameter and traveling almost the entire length of the trunk, the aorta is the largest artery in the human body. (innerbody.com)
  • This artery which was described in the all anatomical textbooks may arise from the arch of aorta , brachiocephalic trunk or other arteries in the upper mediastina. (bvsalud.org)
  • The thymic artery arised from the anterior mediastinal branch of the internal thoracic artery but, may also arise from the brachiocephalic trunk , arch of aorta , common carotid or the main trunk of the internal thoracic artery . (bvsalud.org)
  • This rare case was seen in a 65 years old male cadaver , the common trunk of the thyroida ima and the thymic arteries originated from the brachiocephalic artery . (bvsalud.org)
  • According to CT angiography and duplex scanning of the patient it was revealed an extremely rare pathology - occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk, with severe steal syndrome of vertebral and carotid artery on the right. (erebunimed.com)
  • 1. The curved portion of the aorta between the ascending and descending portions that gives rise to the brachiocephalic trunk, the left carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The computed tomography (CT) scan showed an aortic wall hematoma in the ascending aorta and aortic arch with an intimal flap that reached both femoral arteries, with no compromise of the mesenteric artery or celiac trunk. (ctsnet.org)
  • At this moment, the authors continued with aortic arch resection, brachiocephalic trunk and left carotid artery transection, and fenestration of the distal intimal dissection flap. (ctsnet.org)
  • It mostly arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, but may also originate from the aortic arch, the right common carotid, the subclavian, the pericardiacophrenic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the transverse scapular or the internal thoracic artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmonary artery lesion: Lobar or segmental arterial occlusion or equivalent determined by angiography or perfusion scintigraphy, or presence of stenosis, aneurysm, luminal irregularity or any combination in pulmonary trunk or in unilateral or bilateral pulmonary arteries determined by angiography. (medicalcriteria.com)
  • A chronic inflammatory process that affects the AORTA and its primary branches, such as the brachiocephalic artery (BRACHIOCEPHALIC TRUNK) and CAROTID ARTERIES. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We present a rare variant of the right vertebral artery originating as part of a trifurcated brachiocephalic trunk in a 76-year-old female cadaver. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Our discussion is focused on the clinical implication of this variant should there be a proximal occlusion to the right subclavian artery or such occlusion occurring in the proximal origin of the brachiocephalic trunk off the aortic arch. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The main thrust of our report is focused on a modeled occlusion in the proximal region of the subclavian artery or in the proximal segment of the brachiocephalic trunk and the clinical outcome of retrograde flow in the variant right vertebral artery originating from a bifurcated brachiocephalic trunk in both circumstances. (alliedacademies.org)
  • However, in the case of occlusion occurring, the proximal origin of the brachiocephalic trunk before trifurcating, and before the trifurcation, a reversed flow from the variant vertebral artery will send blood to vascularize both the right common carotid and the right subclavian arteries, resulting in a hypothesized combined Common Carotid-Subclavian Steal Syndrome (CC-SSS). (alliedacademies.org)
  • The aortic arch loops over the left pulmonary artery and the bifurcation of the pulmonary trunk , to which it remains connected by the ligamentum arteriosum , a remnant of the fetal circulation that is obliterated a few days after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aortic arch has three major branches: from proximal to distal , they are the brachiocephalic trunk , the left common carotid artery , and the left subclavian artery . (wikipedia.org)
  • A guide wire was introduced in the right subclavian artery until brachiocephalic trunk. (oatext.com)
  • The inferior gluteal artery (sciatic artery), the larger of the two terminal branches of the anterior trunk of the hypogastric , is distributed chiefly to the buttock and back of the thigh. (statemaster.com)
  • Internal pudental artery is the terminal branch of the anterior trunk of the internal iliac artery which supplies the external genitalia. (statemaster.com)
  • pulmonary - aorta - ascending aorta - aortic arch - brachiocephalic - carotid - common carotid ( Gray's s141 - Gray's s143 ) Section of an artery An artery or arterial is also a class of highway. (statemaster.com)
  • The brachiocephalic artery (or trunk) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head. (statemaster.com)
  • On the right, the common carotid artery and the subclavian artery share a common trunk, commonly known, perplexingly, as the innominate (ie, nameless) artery but also referred to as the brachiocephalic artery or trunk. (medscape.com)
  • In some congenital anomalies, the right subclavian artery may arise directly from the aorta as the last supra-aortic trunk (known as an aberrant right subclavian artery), or it may be isolated. (medscape.com)
  • On the left, the subclavian artery typically arises directly from the aorta as the last supra-aortic trunk. (medscape.com)
  • also known as the internal thoracic artery), the thyrocervical trunk, and the costocervical trunk before it becomes the axillary artery. (medscape.com)
  • He is diagnosed as having subclavian steal syndrome due to an atherosclerotic plaque at the point where his subclavian artery branches from the brachiocephalic trunk. (proprofs.com)
  • 6.) Gently clean the fascia from the L. brachiocephalic v. at its division into left IJV and subclavian v. In this vicinity, locate the thoracic duct. (google.com)
  • The thoracoacromial trunk anastomoses with vessels in the neck and thoracic wall. (medscape.com)
  • Reflect both ends of the left brachiocephalic vein (and their tributaries) laterally to expose the arch of the aorta and its branches. (google.com)
  • Typically, three branches - brachiocephalic trunk, L. common carotid a. (google.com)
  • It branches off the brachiocephalic trunk. (healthline.com)
  • brachiocephalic trunk or branches, each vessel, for left subclavian angioplasty? (findacode.com)
  • Thus, transbrachial selective catheterization of the brachiocephalic arteries proved to be safe, useful, and relatively easy to perform. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In fact, the patient had inadequate blood supply of the right parts of the brain neck and right upper extremity, trunk (by 4-5 time less than the normal indexes), due to blockage of the aortic branch which was confirmed by the absence of pulsations in the right carotid and radial arteries. (erebunimed.com)
  • Which two arteries are formed by the division of the brachiocephalic trunk? (triviala.com)
  • The mirror-image type of the right aortic arch (left brachiocephalic trunk, right common carotid and subclavian arteries) is almost always associated with congenital heart disease, especially the cyanotic type. (ctisus.com)
  • This pathology requires surgery to restore adequate blood flow - the imposition of the prosthesis from the ascending aorta to the distal portions of the brachiocephalic trunk. (erebunimed.com)
  • Fate of distal aorta after frozen elephant trunk and total arch replacement for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The great vessels have been kept intact, although the aorta (8) and pulmonary trunk (27) have been elevated to expose more posterior parts of the heart. (stanford.edu)
  • These two blood vessels twist around each other, causing the aorta to start out posterior to the pulmonary trunk, but end by twisting to its right and anterior side. (wikipedia.org)
  • One patient with a traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the brachiocephalic trunk was treated with aortic and supra-aortic vessel stenting. (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • Stenosis or occlusion of the brachiocephalic trunk is extremely rare pathology. (erebunimed.com)
  • In the abdominal aorta, the intimal flap extended to the celiac trunk, without evidence of its occlusion. (edu.pl)
  • According to the embryonic origin and the developmental processes of the inferior parathyroid glands and the Thymus from the neighboring pharyngeal pouches, their blood supply from a common trunk will be acceptable especially when these two glands show some degree of enlargement as shown in this case. (bvsalud.org)
  • Borst HG, Walterbusch G, Schaps D. Extensive aortic replacement using "elephant trunk" prosthesis. (ctsnet.org)
  • The brachiocephalic trunk supplies the right side of the head and neck as well as the right arm and chest wall , while the latter two together supply the left side of the same regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The upper extremity remains pink because the brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid trunk and the left subclavian trunk is given off proximal to the PDA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hybrid Arch Frozen Elephant Trunk Repair of Complex Arch Aneurysm with Severe Arterial Tortuosity. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The frozen elephant trunk technique facilitates repair of aortic arch and proximal descending aortic pathologies. (bioportfolio.com)
  • surgical technique, the Buffalo Trunk, to simplify the frozen elephant trunk procedure that obviates the need for a hybrid graft and decreases operating times. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Early and mid-term outcomes of total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique for type A acute aortic dissection. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique, using the J Graft FROZENIX for Stanford type A acute aortic dissection, in comparison with the unfrozen. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Single Low-Volume Center Experience with Frozen Elephant Trunk in Acute Type A Aortic Dissections. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The use of the frozen elephant trunk technique for type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome is limited by the lack of imaging evidence for long-term aortic remodeling. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A four-branched graft was prepared and invaginated for arch replacement with an elephant trunk technique. (ctsnet.org)
  • The elephant trunk technique: operative results in 100 consecutive patients. (ctsnet.org)
  • Total aortic arch replacement with the elephant trunk technique: single-centre 30-year results. (ctsnet.org)
  • Total arch replacement combined with stented elephant trunk implantation: a new "standard" therapy for type a dissection involving repair of the aortic arch? (labome.org)
  • On the left, the common carotid arises directly from the aortic arch whereas, on the right, the origin is from the brachiocephaic trunk . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Afterwards, the brachiocephalic trunk was anastomosed to the first branch of the graft. (ctsnet.org)
  • After sternotomy a 12mm vessel graft was imposed from the ascending aorta to the bifurcation of the brachiocephalic trunk. (erebunimed.com)
  • For the first time in Armenia a unique surgery for prosthetics brachiocephalic trunk in a patient suffering from cerebrovascular insufficiency was carried out. (erebunimed.com)
  • It runs through a common pericardial sheath with the pulmonary trunk . (wikipedia.org)
  • Contrast injection through the sheath into the brachiocephalic trunk displayed the washout of the contrast at the CCA origin and verified initial dilation. (ajnr.org)
  • It is observed that two segmental ducts, either on the right or left side, join in a common trunk, which, linked to the third or fourth bile duct of the corresponding portion, form the hepatic duct, either right or left. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic artery on the right and off of the aortic arch on the left. (sonographictendencies.com)