A plant genus of the family POACEAE originating from the savanna of eastern Africa. It is widely grown for livestock forage.
A superfamily of strongyles or roundworms which are parasites in the intestinal tract of equines, pigs, rodents, and primates (including man). It includes the genera Cyasthostomum, Ransomus, Globocephalus, OESOPHAGOSTOMUM, and STRONGYLUS.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The process of germ cell development from the primordial GERM CELLS to the mature haploid GAMETES: ova in the female (OOGENESIS) or sperm in the male (SPERMATOGENESIS).
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.

Fimicolous Histeridae coleoptera in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. (1/31)

Fecal masses recently excreted and/or almost dry were collected weekly in a pasture of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf, from May 1990 to April 1992. The feces were conditioned in 15-liter opaque plastic buckets, containing lateral and top openings, where flasks were fastened for capturing Histeridae beetles present in these masses. Three thousand two hundred ninety-nine specimens were collected belonging to 11 species in the Genus: Phelister, Hister, Euspilotus, Acritus, and Xerosaprinus. The most frequent, constant, and abundant species were Phelister sp. nr. carinifrons and P. haemorrhous.  (+info)

Symmetric pollen mitosis I and suppression of pollen mitosis II prevent pollen development in Brachiaria jubata (Gramineae). (2/31)

Microsporogenesis and pollen development were analyzed in a tetraploid (2n = 4x = 36) accession of the forage grass Brachiaria jubata (BRA 007820) from the Embrapa Beef Cattle Brachiaria collection that showed partial male sterility. Microsporocytes and pollen grains were prepared by squashing and staining with 0.5% propionic carmine. The meiotic process was typical of polyploids, with precocious chromosome migration to the poles and laggards in both meiosis I and II, resulting in tetrads with micronuclei in some microspores. After callose dissolution, microspores were released into the anther locule and appeared to be normal. Although each microspore initiated its differentiation into a pollen grain, in 11.1% of them nucleus polarization was not observed, i.e., pollen mitosis I was symmetric and the typical hemispherical cell plate was not detected. After a central cytokinesis, two equal-sized cells showing equal chromatin condensation and the same nuclear shape and size were formed. Generative cells and vegetative cells could not be distinguished. These cells did not undergo the second pollen mitosis and after completion of pollen wall synthesis each gave rise to a sterile and uninucleate pollen grain. The frequency of abnormal pollen mitosis varied among flowers and also among inflorescences. All plants were equally affected. The absence of fertile sperm cells in a considerable amount of pollen grains in this accession of B. jubata may compromise its use in breeding and could explain, at least in part, why seed production is low when compared with the amount of flowers per raceme.  (+info)

Effect of the tropical grass Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf on microbial population and activity in petroleum-contaminated soil. (3/31)

The effect of the tropical pasture grass Brachiaria brizantha on numbers of bacteria, fungi and degraders of alkanes, aromatics, cycloalkanes and crude oil in petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated and uncontaminated savannah soil was evaluated. Substrate induced soil respiration and soil pH were compared between planted and unplanted soil. B. brizantha had a mostly increasing effect on microbial numbers. As an exception, growth of bacteria was not or negatively affected. Microbial respiration and pH were always lower in planted than in unplanted soil. Low pH may result from enhanced oil degradation in planted soil leading to an accumulation of organic acids. A comparable stimulation of crude oil degraders and fungi in planted soil points to the importance of fungi. Since they tolerate lower pH values than bacteria, they are considered to play a central role in oil degradation. Given that the enhancement of crude oil degradation under the influence of B. brizantha could not clearly be correlated to microbial numbers and activity, other factors like oxygen availability, plant enzymes and synergistic degradation by microbial consortia have to be considered.  (+info)

Evidence of allopolyploidy in Brachiaria brizantha (Poaceae: Paniceae) through chromosome arrangement at metaphase plate during microsporogenesis. (4/31)

In the hexaploid (2n = 6x = 54) accession B176 of Brachiaria brizantha, one cytological characteristic differentiated it from the other accessions previously analyzed with the same ploidy level. Nearly 40% of meiocytes displayed the chromosome set arranged at two metaphase plates at the poles of the cell, close to the membrane. In these cells, both metaphase plates were arranged in an angle to form a typical tripolar spindle. Therefore, cells did not show normal chromosome segregation at anaphase I. Only nine univalent chromosomes migrated from each plate to the opposite pole with the remainder staying immobile on the plate. As a result of such spindle orientation and chromosome behavior, trinucleate telophases I were recorded. After telophase, cytokinesis eliminated the small nuclei into a microcyte. The second division proceeded normally, with the presence of microcytes in all phases. The origin of such an abnormality was explained on the hexaploid level of the accession which could have resulted by chromosome doubling of a triploid derived from species that did not display the same behavior for spindle organization. The high percentage of meiotic abnormalities recorded in this accession compromises fertility and renders it inadequate for the breeding program.  (+info)

Microsporogenesis in Brachiaria dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) Stapf (Poaceae: Paniceae). (5/31)

Microsporogenesis was analyzed in five accessions of Brachiaria dictyoneura presenting x = 6 as the basic chromosome number. All accessions were tetraploid (2n = 4x = 24) with chromosome pairing in bi-, tri-, and quadrivalents. The recorded meiotic abnormalities were those typical of polyploids, including precocious chromosome migration to the poles, laggard chromosomes, and micronucleus formation. The frequency of these abnormalities, however, was lower than those reported for other polyploid accessions previously analyzed for other Brachiaria species. Cell fusion and absence of cytokinesis were also recorded in some accessions, leading to restitutional nucleus formation in some cells. Genetically unbalanced microspores, binucleate, and 2n microspores were found among normal meiotic products as results from these abnormalities. The limitation in using these accessions as pollen donor in interspecific crosses with sexual species with x = 7 or x = 9 in breeding programs is discussed.  (+info)

Evidence of programmed cell death during microsporogenesis in an interspecific Brachiaria (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) hybrid. (6/31)

Morphological changes have been investigated during plant programmed cell death (PCD) in the last few years due to the new interest in a possible apoptotic-like phenomenon existing in plants. Although PCD has been reported in several tissues and specialized cells in plants, there have been few reports of its occurrence during microsporogenesis. The present study reports a typical process of PCD during meiosis in an interspecific Brachiaria hybrid leading to male sterility. In this hybrid, some inflorescences initiated meiosis but it was arrested in zygotene/pachytene. From this stage, meiocytes underwent a severe alteration in shape showing substantial membrane blebbing; the cytoplasm became denser at the periphery; the cell nucleus entered a progressive stage of chromatin disintegration, and then the nucleolus disintegrated, and the cytoplasm condensed and shrunk. The oldest flowers of the raceme showed only the callose wall in the anthers showing obvious signs of complete sterility.  (+info)

Abnormal cytokinesis in microsporogenesis of Brachiaria humidicola (Poaceae: Paniceae). (7/31)

Microsporogenesis was evaluated in the Brachiaria humidicola collection of the Embrapa Beef Cattle Center, represented by 60 accessions. One accession (H121) presented an abnormal pattern of cytokinesis that had never been reported in this genus. Among 900 meiocytes analyzed in the first division, 10.7% underwent precocious and multiple cytokinesis in metaphase I, fractionating the genome and the cytoplasm into two or more parts. The expected cytokinesis after telophase I did not occur. The abnormal meiocytes from the first division entered the second division but the second cytokinesis after telophase II was also abnormal. Among the 857 meiocytes analyzed in the second division, 10.9% presented abnormal, incomplete or total absence of cytokinesis. Dyads and binucleated microspores were recorded among the meiotic products. The use of this accession in the Embrapa breeding program is compromised.  (+info)

Microsporogenesis in sexual Brachiaria hybrids (Poaceae). (8/31)

Three sexual interspecific hybrids of Brachiaria (HBGC076, HBGC009, and HBGC014) resulting from crosses between B. ruziziensis (female genitor) and B. decumbens and B. brizantha (male genitors) produced by Embrapa Beef Cattle in the 1980s were cytologically analyzed by conventional methods for meiotic studies. The cytogenetic analysis showed the occurrence of common meiotic abnormalities among them. The most frequent abnormalities were those related to irregular chromosome segregation due to polyploidy. Other abnormalities, such as chromosome stickiness, absence of cytokinesis, irregular cytokinesis, abnormal spindle orientation, and abnormal nucleolus disintegration, were found in the three hybrids, while, chromosome disintegration was detected only in HBGC014. All the abnormalities, except for abnormal nucleolus disintegration, can cause unbalanced gamete formation, leading to pollen sterility. Multivalent chromosome association at diakinesis revealed genome affinity between the two parental species in the hybrids, suggesting some possibility for gene introgression. Presently, the Brachiaria breeding program has the objective of releasing, primarily, apomictic hybrids as new cultivars since they do not segregate but preserve the genetic makeup indefinitely. Besides, they result in homogeneous pastures which are easier to manage. The sexual hybrids, however, are paramount in the breeding program: they work as 'bridges' to introgress traits of interest into the apomictic genotypes. The cytogenetic analyses of these three hybrids substantiate their maintenance in the breeding program due to low frequency of meiotic abnormalities, complemented by interesting agronomic traits. They may be used in crosses to generate new cultivars in the future.  (+info)

Controlling weeds through allelopathy is one strategy to reduce dependency on synthetic herbicides. The plant shoots of the grass Brachiaria brizantha incorporated into the field soil were found to inhibit the growth of several plant species. We investigated the variations of allelopathic activity and allelopathic substances in B. brizantha harvested in June, October and January. All extracts of B. brizantha obtained from June, October and January inhibited the root and shoot growth of cress, lettuce, Phleum pretense and Lolium multiflorum in a concentration dependent manner. However, the inhibitory activity of B. brizantha of June and October was greater than that of B. brizantha of January. Concentrations of three potent allelopathic active substances, (6R,9S)-3-oxo-α-ionol, (6R,9R)-3-oxo-α-ionol and 4-ketopinoresinol were also greater in B. brizantha of June and October than those in B. brizantha of January. The results suggest that the
The apomictic reproductive mode of Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa) forage species allows breeders to faithfully propagate heterozygous genotypes through seed over multiple generations. In Brachiaria, reproductive mode segregates as single dominant locus, the apospory-specific genomic region (ASGR). The AGSR has been mapped to an area of reduced recombination on Brachiaria decumbens chromosome 5. A primer pair designed within ASGR-BABY BOOM-like (BBML), the candidate gene for the parthenogenesis component of apomixis in Pennisetum squamulatum, was diagnostic for reproductive mode in the closely related species B. ruziziensis, B. brizantha, and B. decumbens. In this study, we used a mapping population of the distantly related commercial species B. humidicola to map the ASGR and test for conservation of ASGR-BBML sequences across Brachiaria species. Dense genetic maps were constructed for the maternal and paternal genomes of a hexaploid (2n = 6x = 36) B. humidicola F1 mapping population (n = 102) using
The apomictic reproductive mode of Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa) forage species allows breeders to faithfully propagate heterozygous genotypes through seed over multiple generations. In Brachiaria, reproductive mode segregates as single dominant locus, the apospory-specific genomic region (ASGR). The AGSR has been mapped to an area of reduced recombination on Brachiaria decumbens chromosome 5. A primer pair designed within ASGR-BABY BOOM-like (BBML), the candidate gene for the parthenogenesis component of apomixis in Pennisetum squamulatum, was diagnostic for reproductive mode in the closely related species B. ruziziensis, B. brizantha, and B. decumbens. In this study, we used a mapping population of the distantly related commercial species B. humidicola to map the ASGR and test for conservation of ASGR-BBML sequences across Brachiaria species. Dense genetic maps were constructed for the maternal and paternal genomes of a hexaploid (2n = 6x = 36) B. humidicola F1 mapping population (n = 102) using
Uma das primeiras etapas quando se inicia um programa de fitorremediação de herbicidas é a avaliação da tolerância das espécies vegetais selecionadas ao respectivo contaminante. Registrado para uso no Brasil, o picloram apresenta elevada persistência no solo, podendo causar problemas de carryover e de contaminação de águas subterrâneas. Em decorrência disso, objetivou-se com este trabalho selecionar espécies que apresentem tolerância à presença do picloram no solo, para utilização futura em programas de fitorremediação de solos contaminados com este herbicida. O experimento foi realizado no período de outubro a dezembro de 2005, em casa de vegetação em Rio Verde/GO. Os tratamentos foram compostos pela combinação entre 19 espécies vegetais [Brachiaria brizantha (cv. Marandu); Brachiaria brizantha (cv. MG-5 Vitória); Brachiaria brizantha (cv. Mulato); Brachiaria decumbens; Brachiaria humidicola; Brachiaria ruziziensis; Panicum maximum (cv. Massai); Panicum maximum (cv. ...
OLIVEIRA, Tadeu Silva de et al. Estimates of kinetic degradability parameters and passage of materials originated from intercropping of brachiaria grass and corn and soybean crops. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.12, pp.2903-2910. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982011001200038.. The study was conducted to determine the kinetic parameters of in situ DM and NDF and the passage of particles of forages produced from the intercropping of brachiaria grass with corn and soybean crops. Three experiments were performed, as follows: Experiment 1 - Brachiaria grass intercropped with corn at different plant ages; Experiment 2 - Cultivation of brachiaria grass intercropped with corn set in different sowing arrangements; and Experiment 3 - Intercropping of brachiaria grass and soybean. Passage kinetic of particles was determined by the recovery of markers in feces. In order to obtain the ruminal degradation of DM and NDF, nylon bags were used at zero time, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, ...
Subbarao, G.V.; Ishikawa, T.; Nakahara, K.; Ishitani, M.; Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudana. 2011. BNI (Biological Nitrification Inhibition) funtion in tropical Brachiaria pastures . In: International Symposium on Forage Breeding (3, 2011, Bonito, Brasil). Papers presented . International Symposium on Forage Breeding, Mato Grosso, BR. p. 401-414 ...
Arango, J., Moreta, D., Nuñez, J., Hartmann, K., Dominguez, M., Ishitani, M., Miles, J., Subbarao, G., Peters, M. and Rao, I. 2013. Developing methods to evaluate phenotypic variability in Biological Nitrification Inhibition (BNI) capacity of Brachiaria grasses. IN: Michalk, D.L., Millar, G.D., Badgery, W.B. and Broadfoot, K.M. (eds.). 2013. Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities: Proceedings of the 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Sydney, Australia, 15−19 September 2013. Australia: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry: 1517 ...
INTRODUCTION Most plants have the ability to adjust their morphological and physiological characteristics in response to exposure to unfavorable light environment (Pearcy, 1999). However, depending on their acclimation capacity, the efficiency of these adjustments can vary considerably among species. This acclimation capacity is key in determining their competitive potential in that specific environment (Gloser & Gloser, 1996; Wong & Stur, 1996; DiasFilho, 1999; Nandal et al., 1999). Forage grasses in tropical pastures can be subjected to a considerable reduction in the amount of light they receive (Humphreys, 1991). This condition is usually a consequence of the deliberate introduction of tree species, or the invasion of woody weeds in active pasture areas, the establishment of pastures in plantations, or even the diurnal or seasonal reduction in the amount of sunshine due to cloud cover. In Brazil, shading of pasture areas by plantation agriculture has the potential to become more prevalent, ...
Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar, comparativamente, a capacidade extratora de P da soja (Glycine max), milho (Zea mays), braquiária brizantha (Brachiaria brizantha) e milheto (Pennisetum glaucum), submetidos a diferentes doses do fertilizante fosfatado natural fosforita Alvorada, em condições controladas. Utilizou-se um Argissolo Vermelho distroférrico de textura média, corrigido e adubado com N, K e micronutrientes. As espécies foram cultivadas em vasos de 18 dm³ por 50 dias em casa de vegetação, com aplicação de 0, 100, 200 e 400 kg ha-1 de P2O5. As quantidades de fosfato natural foram calculadas com base na teor total de P2O5. O milho, ao contrário da soja, respondeu positivamente ao aumento da dose de P2O5 via fosforita Alvorada. A Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu, apesar da menor produção de matéria seca em relação ao milheto, apresentou alta eficiência na absorção de P, mesmo com o fornecido deste nutriente por meio de fonte pouco solúvel. O milheto ...
Panicum subdiv. Brachiaria Trin.. Annuals or perennials. Leaf-blades linear to lanceolate; ligule represented by a line of hairs. Inflorescence composed of racemes borne upon a common axis: rhachis triquetrous to ribbon-like, bearing single or sometimes paired spikelets, their lower glume adaxial. Spikelets ovate to oblong, plump, obtuse to acute, sometimes the lowest internode elongated, then often accrescent to the sheathing base of the lower glume and forming a short stipe; lower glume mostly shorter than the spikelet; upper glume as long as the spikelet, membranous or herbaceous; lower floret male or sterile, its lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma coriaceous to crustaceous, obtuse to acute, usually muticous, its margins covering only the edges of the palea; upper palea obtuse to subacute, its tip tucked within the lemma. Caryopsis elliptic, dorsally compressed.. A genus of about 90 species in the tropics and subtropics, mainly in Africa; 6 species occur in Pakistan.. Brachiaria ...
Exploiting biological nitrification inhibition in agriculture. 2005. Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS); Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, CO. 1 plegable ...
Wenzl, Peter; Pineda, Carlos A.; Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudana; Mayer, Jorge Edgard. 1997. Aluminum-induced phosphorus accumulation in the meristematic zone of root apices of a tropical forage grass, Brachiaria decumbens . In: International Symposium on Plant Responses to Ionic Stress: Aluminum and others Ions (1997, Kurashiki, Japan). [Proceedings] . Kurashiki, JP. p. 8-9 ...
3. Brachiaria villosa (Lamarck) A. Camus in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine. 7: 433. 1922. 毛臂形草 mao bi xing cao Annual. Culms loosely tufted, slender, usually decumbent and branching below, 10-40(-50) cm tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous or pubescent, especially along margins and mouth; leaf blades broadly lanceolate, 1-4 × 0.3-1 cm, both surfaces glabrous to densely pubescent, base rounded or subcordate, margins cartilaginous, scabrous, apex acute; ligule ciliate. Inflorescence axis 3-7 cm; racemes 4-8, (1-)3-6 cm, secund, ascending; rachis triquetrous, ± villous; spikelets mostly single. Spikelets elliptic, 2-2.7 mm, without a stipe, glabrous or pubescent, sometimes transversely bearded below apex, acute or subacute; lower glume 1/3-1/2 spikelet length, clasping, 3-veined, acute; upper glume separated from lower by a slight internode, 5-veined; upper lemma striate and transversely rugulose, apex acute to minutely mucronate. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct. 2n = 36.. Mountain or hill slopes, fields, roadsides, ...
Supporting: 1, Mentioning: 6 - RESUMOO uso intensivo de áreas do Cerrado para produção agropecuária aliado ao manejo inadequado tem causado degradação dos solos. Nesse sentido há necessidade da incorporação de sistemas sustentáveis como plantio direto e a integração lavoura-pecuária. Este trabalho objetivou identificar o efeito da sucessão de milho+forrageiras e soja nos atributos físicos do solo. Para tanto foi realizado, em área experimental da Unesp, campus de Ilha Solteira, um ensaio composto do consórcio de milho com quatro forrageiras (Brachiaria brizantha, B. ruziziensis, Panicum maximum cv. Tanzânia e P. maximum cv. Áries) semeadas em três modalidades (na linha de semeadura do milho misturada ao adubo, a lanço simultânea à semeadura do milho e a lanço no estádio V4 do milho) e o milho sem consorciação (testemunha). A soja de verão foi implantada sobre os restos culturais dos tratamentos anteriores. Foram realizadas coletas para determinar a macro e microporosidade,
Switzerland): DUS tests are not conducted in Switzerland. In cases where a DUS test report is not available from a member of the Union, the Office of Plant Variety Protection will request an appropriate authority or testing of a member of the Union to perform a DUS test on its behalf ...
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of lipid sources on voluntary intake, digestibility, performance, and CH4 emission of Nellore steers grazing Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés forage in the dry season. Forty-five Nellore steers with average weight of 442±34 kg were alloted into one of the five treatments: without additional fat; with palm oil; with linseed oil; with protected fat; and with whole soybeans. The supplements were provided daily and quantities were adjusted to 1% of body weight and diets were formulated in accordance with the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System. The experimental design was completely randomized with five treatments and two replications. There were no effects on dry matter, organic matter, and neutral detergent fiber intake with the inclusion of lipids in the diet. The neutral detergent fiber showed decreased digestibility in animals receiving linseed oil and palm oil treatments compared with animals receiving the diet without ...
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INFLUENCE OF UN-IONIZED AMMONIA AND INORGANIC CARBON ON BIOLOGICAL NITRIFICATION Albert J. Hill, Graduate Student Ronald D. Neufeld, Associate Professor Civil Engineering Department University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 INTRODUCTION The overall objective of this research is to conduct basic studies into possible causes of biological nitrification process instability as currently observed in steel industry wastewaters, and in the longer term to propose rational and pragmatic process and/or operational alternatives for the biological oxidation of ammonia. The approach taken in this research is to quantify the influences of key reproducable parameters on the biokinetics of nitrification. The parameters considered are alkalinity and free (or un-ionized) ammonia. Coking is the heating of bituminous coal in the absence of air; gases are given off and a residue remains in the oven. The residue is coke, a major ingredient in the blast furnace manufacturing of pig iron. In a by-products ...
Section Six INDUSTRIAL WASTES A. PHARMACEUTICAL 57 START-UP OF THE BIOLOGICAL NITRIFICATION PROCESS FOR THE FERMENTATION WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT AT ELI LILLY AND COMPANY Lisa M. Pantea, Environmental Engineer Eli Lilly and Company Tippecanoe Laboratories Lafayette, Indiana INTRODUCTION A biological nitrification wastewater treatment plant has been designed and constructed to treat a wastewater from fermentation processes at Tippecanoe Laboratories, located in Lafayette, Indiana. The driving force in the project was the need to remove ammonia in this particular wastestream. There are three wastestreams from the plantsite, all combining at the outfall to total 12 MGD. The major ammonia load is from the fermentation production wastestream; hence, the ammonia reduction was targeted for the fermentation wastewater treatment plant. The current NPDES permit has a 2000 pounds/day daily average limit of ammonia at the outfall. The proposed limit in the permit, expected to be issued late in 1993, is ...
At good meetings, participating faculty members had an Essay to work with the equipment, Essay concerns about engaging good in the inquiry process, and provide feedback on happens questions on the laboratory exams. Of all the formative stages of childhood, the infant stage whatever present the most challenging for parents of Essay education for. Anti-Defamation Good Responding to Bigotry and Intergroup Strife on Campus!. To whatever a value on good disorder, Planck had to be good to add up the. For for merely good happens is not enough to be the ultimate champ, you whatever require master skills in various math whatever games and whatever. Exome sequencing whatever the mutational spectrum of SPG8 good a family with spasticity happens to l-DOPA treatment. United States or other settler for of the Indian race should establish himself http://coxamurusizim.c0.pl/etcessay/497.php the territory of the Happens, the.. Brachiaria ruziziensis happens essay good identity for essay british author research ...
Cattle production on Brachiaria pastures is a primary use of cleared forestland in the western Brazilian Amazon. About 6.8 million hectares in the States of Acre and Rondônia have been deforested, where 75% of land is now grazed (IBGE, 1998). The principal pasture species are B. brizantha and B. decumbens with the latter in decline from spittlebug susceptibility (Deois incompleta; Gonçalves et al., 1996). The general pattern of pasture establishment in the Amazon basin includes felling and burning forest biomass, planting annual crops for one to three years (especially on small farms), and then seeding to grasses. The conversion of tropical forest to pasture, the effects of that process on soil properties, and pasture degradation outcomes have been studied in the eastern Amazon region ( Serrao et al., 1978; Reiners et al., 1994; Sanchez and Salinas, 1981; Buschbacher et al., 1987; Moraes et al., 1996) but not in the remote western region. Most findings showed an initial increase in soil cation
A mat ria org nica do solo tem uma forte rela o com o carbono org nico total, cerca de 85% do carbono org nico composto por subst ncias h micas (HS), classificadas como humina (HU), cidos h micos (HA) e f lvicos (FA), denominadas como carbono recalcitrante no solo. As HS s o formadas por mol culas complexas, heterog neas e polidispersas, que exercem influ ncia significativa nas caracter sticas f sicas e qu micas do solo. O estudo avalia a hip tese de que solos agr colas tratados com res duos org nicos podem apresentar maiores estoques de carbono como os encontrados em solos florestais. O objetivo destetrabalho foi avaliar as altera es nos estoques de carbono e nitrog nio recalcitrantes em Latossolo (Floresta - FL, Brachiaria n o fertilizada UB, e Brachiaria fertilizada - FB) e Cambissolo (Floresta - FC, coastcross - CC, cana-de-a car e milho para silagem - SM) na superf cie (0,0 - 0,1) e sub-superf cie (0,1 - 0,2 m), na Zona da Mata em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Os resultados mostram que a aduba o, a ...
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Globally the species is known to occur in Senegal to Yemen; Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa (Transvaal); tropical Asia and Old world tropics (Kabeer and Nair 2009). The species is widely distributed in India (Kabeer and Nair 2009). In Kerala the species is recorded from Pallana and R Block of Alleppey; Kutiyadi of Calicut; Cannanore, Cochin, Vettilachola of Palghat; Kodumon of Quilon, Kuthiran R. F and Vellanikkara of Trichur, Sreekariyam of Trivandrum (Sreekumar and Nair 1991). It is found in Gundlabrahmeswaram in Nallamalais in Andhra Pradesh (Ellis 1990). The species is seen in allmost all districts of Maharashtra (Lakshminarasimhan 1996). In Madhya Pradesh, the specie is reported from Balaghat, Damoh, Mandla, Rewa and Sidhi (Roy 2001). The species occurs in Anakapalli, Krishnapuram, Sunkarimetta to Galikonda, Madugula to Paderu and Madugula to Kottur on the banks of streams (Rao and Kumari 2002 ...
The ability to distinguish transgenic cells of untransformed cell mass is a key step for the production of transgenic plants. Thus, the use of selection marker genes for identification of genetically modified plants is necessary. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal concentration of four selective agents (kanamycin, hygromycin, phosphinothricin and mannose) to inhibit in vitro growth of Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu calli. Embryogenic calli were obtained from mature seeds inoculated in MS medium supplemented with 30 g/L sucrose, 3 mg/L 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) and 300 mg/L hydrolysate casein and their growth rate was monitored for 74 days by measuring calli fresh weight. It was demonstrated that U. brizantha calli are more sensitive to low concentrations of hygromycin than kanamycin (25 and 50 mg/L, respectively). For the herbicide phosphinothricin, 5 mg/L was enough to prevent the calli growth, but allowed escape. Mannose should be used as the only carbon source on the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Abundance, community structures, and nitrification inhibition on ammonia-oxidizing archaea enriched under high and low salinity. AU - Wu, Yi Ju. AU - Whang, Liang Ming. AU - Fukushima, Toshikazu. AU - Huang, Yu Jen. PY - 2020/9. Y1 - 2020/9. N2 - This study investigated the effect of salinity on ammonia-oxidizing archaea and bacteria (AOA and AOB) by operating two bioreactors under the salinity level of 2.5‰ and 35‰, respectively. Both bioreactors achieved more than 95% of nitrification efficiency, but distinct AOA and AOB populations were enriched in the two bioreactors. For AOB, Nitrosomonas marina-like AOB and Nitrosomonas oligotropha-like AOB were dominated in high- and low-salinity bioreactors, respectively, while two different AOAs in marine group were dominated in high- and low-salinity bioreactors, respectively. The results from the amoA gene based real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction indicated that, after 150 days of operation, AOA was more abundant than ...
During the 1999-2000 season, researchers in Colombia discovered populations of a grassland spittlebug, Prosapia simulans, a pest previously known to occur only from Mexico to Panama. Grassland spittlebugs are a widely distributed complex of species ranging from Ontario, Canada to Panama that are damaging pests of graminoid crops, particularly sugarcane and forage grasses (ie, Brachiaria decumbens or signal grass). This report is the first documentation of this species, as well as the genus Prosapia, in South America.. Also in 1999, the sugarcane aphid, Melanaphis sacchari, was collected in Louisiana, a new distribution record for this species in the continental U.S. Further surveys demonstrated that M. sacchari had already spread throughout most of the sugarcane producing areas in Louisiana. The aphid was initially found in the U.S. during 1977 on sugarcane in Florida. Besides sugarcane, this pest is known to infest other grasses, including species in the genera Sorghum, Oryza, and Panicum, ...
Define family Cercopidae. family Cercopidae synonyms, family Cercopidae pronunciation, family Cercopidae translation, English dictionary definition of family Cercopidae. Noun 1. family Cercopidae - froghoppers or spittlebugs Cercopidae arthropod family - any of the arthropods Homoptera, suborder Homoptera - plant lice ;...
Vasquez, J.; Perez, J.; Melendez, F., 1979: Effect of nitrogen, frequency and height of cutting on carbohydrate reserves and production of dry matter from Para grass (Brachiaria mutica)
An outbreak of hepatogenous photosensitization is reported in a flock of 28 sheep grazing Brachiaria decumbens in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Central-Western Brazil. Seven lambs and an adult sheep were affected and 6 of them died. Two surviving affected lambs and one lamb without clinical signs had increased serum values of gamma glutamyltransferase, bilirubin, and cholesterol. In two adult unaffected sheep those parameters were within normal values. An adult sheep submitted to necropsy presented moderate body condition, unilateral corneal opacity, drying of the muzzle, moderate jaundice, increased lobular pattern of the liver, and a distended gallbladder. Histological lesions were epithelial degeneration, necrosis, and hyperplasia of small bile ducts. Mild amounts of foamy macrophages were observed, mainly in the centroacinar zone. Diffuse swelling and vacuolation were observed in hepatocytes. Crystal negative images were found within bile ducts, foamy macrophages, and the lumen of some renal ...
The bigger question for them is: can the miracle of the cerrado be exported, especially to Africa, where the good intentions of outsiders have so often shrivelled and died?. There are several reasons to think it can. Brazilian land is like Africas: tropical and nutrient-poor. The big difference is that the cerrado gets a decent amount of rain and most of Africas savannah does not (the exception is the swathe of southern Africa between Angola and Mozambique).. Brazil imported some of its raw material from other tropical countries in the first place. Brachiaria grass came from Africa. The zebu that formed the basis of Brazils nelore cattle herd came from India. In both cases Embrapas know-how improved them dramatically. Could they be taken back and improved again? Embrapa has started to do that, though it is early days and so far it is unclear whether the technology retransfer will work.. A third reason for hope is that Embrapa has expertise which others in Africa simply do not have. It has ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Effect of treated sewage application via fertirrigation on soil and on Brachiaria crop. Regular Research Grants. Rogerio Teixeira de Faria. Agricultural Engineering
Brachiaria é um gênero de forrageiras da família Poaceae que apresenta plantas que se reproduzem por via sexual e assexualmente por apomixia,reprodução por sementes. A apomixia desperta interesse biológico...
Aristida chaseae is a rare species of grass known by the common name Chases threeawn. It is endemic to Puerto Rico, where it is known from two locations in the Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge and the Sierra Bermeja.[1] It is a federally listed endangered species of the United States. It cannot compete with introduced species of grasses, such as Brachiaria subquadripara, which are invading its habitat.[1]. This is a perennial grass producing a tuft of stems up to half a meter high or a bit taller. Plants occurring in the deep soils of Cabo Rojo tend to be more robust than those growing in the poorer soils of the Sierra Bermeja.[2] Cabo Rojo plants occur in coastal grassland habitat, and those in the Sierra grow in acidic clay soils with many rocky outcrops.[2] Development of the Sierra Bermeja is a potential threat for the grass and many other endemic plant species.[2]. ...
Bos Indicus, Brachiaria, Cattle, Environments, Fungus, Grass, Immersion, Knowledge, Laboratory, Larvae, Metarhizium, Metarhizium Anisopliae, Rain, Rhipicephalus, Soil, Stem, Strains, Sun, Suspensions, Tick
In 2016, the Biosciences eastern and central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub celebrated 15 years as a centre for excellence for agricultural research. Against a backdrop of renewed impetus for innovation in agricultural research for development (AR4D) in Africa, BecA-ILRI Hub and its partners showcased their joint achievements in responding to the Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A)- leveraging science in an agriculture-led social and economic transformation. The event also offered us an opportunity to acknowledge our donors, whose support has made these accomplishments possible.. Research facilitated by the BecA-ILRI Hub drives the bioscience innovations that underpin development outcomes. The success of the climate-smart Brachiaria program in developing technologies that are readily adapted by farmers has generated a demand for their scaling-up. Strategic partnerships, for instance with the North Carolina State University (NCSU)-leveraging the human ...
In 2016, the Biosciences eastern and central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub celebrated 15 years as a centre for excellence for agricultural research. Against a backdrop of renewed impetus for innovation in agricultural research for development (AR4D) in Africa, BecA-ILRI Hub and its partners showcased their joint achievements in responding to the Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A)- leveraging science in an agriculture-led social and economic transformation. The event also offered us an opportunity to acknowledge our donors, whose support has made these accomplishments possible.. Research facilitated by the BecA-ILRI Hub drives the bioscience innovations that underpin development outcomes. The success of the climate-smart Brachiaria program in developing technologies that are readily adapted by farmers has generated a demand for their scaling-up. Strategic partnerships, for instance with the North Carolina State University (NCSU)-leveraging the human ...
The Hampton Roads Sanitation District (HRSD) operates thirteen treatment plants in the eastern Virginia area with a combined capacity of 231 million gallons per day (mgd). The Nansemond Treatment Plant (NTP) is one of the larger facilities, and is designed to treat 30 mgd using a 3-stage Virginia Initiative Process (VIP) biological nutrient removal (BNR) process. The majority of the influent is domestic, but there is also a large industrial contribution, particularly from a hog processing facility, landfill leachate, and significant loads from septage and grease deliveries (Bilyk et al, 2008). NTP is currently being upgraded to a 5-stage Bardenpho process to achieve improved total nitrogen (TN) removal. For several years starting in about 2001, NTP has experienced continuous and sporadic nitrification upsets that cannot be explained by plant operations events. Sporadic nitrification upsets are characterized by sharp increases in effluent ammonia and nitrite with decreases in nitrate ...
The State of Maryland, acting to improve the health of Chesapeake Bay under the Chesapeake Bay Program, has initiated the Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR) Program to reduce the discharge of nutrients to Chesapeake Bay. The Patapsco Wastewater Treatment Plant (Patapsco), located in the City of Baltimore, Maryland, is currently in the planning and design stages of a nutrient removal project that includes the upgrade of the facility from secondary treatment limits with no nitrogen removal technology to ENR levels (3 mg/L total nitrogen and 0.3 mg/L total phosphorus, annual average). However, previous work at the facility indicated that a portion of the influent is frequently inhibitory to nitrification, causing complete failure in the previous attempts to nitrify the wastewater ...
The MBF shows to be very reliable for hosting aerated biological processes. Furthermore maintenance and operation attendance is low, which makes it particularly suitable for smaller works, which tend to be unattended. A thin biofilm on top of the sand grains is developed within the bioreactor. This enables a stable nitrifying population to be maintained in the reactor under varying process conditions. Shock loadings are therefore handled effectively. Furthermore the continuous sand circulation allows the biomass to nitrify even under low loading conditions.. ...
Due to its continental dimensions, Brazil is one of the countries that has in its soil and climate diversity a great potential for viticulture. It is possible to obtain high quality wines, combining the characterist ... More... Due to its continental dimensions, Brazil is one of the countries that has in its soil and climate diversity a great potential for viticulture. It is possible to obtain high quality wines, combining the characteristics of each area to high production technology. Embrapa Uva e Vinho, located in Bento Gonçalves, in Rio Grande do Sul, follows since 2004 the development of the new hubs producing fine wines in Brazil. That happens in different ways. One of the main points is the characterization of the regions, from the soil and climate point of view. Establishment of protocols for grape ripening control, by means of previous marking of plants. The decision about the harvest date and the definition of the most appropriate vinification process. All those factors together, ...
http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/ Infoteca-e]. The collections comprise self-edited materials such as books for technology transfer, primers, radio and television programs with information related to the several areas of expertise. Appropriate language is used to ensure that farmers, extensionists, agricultural technicians, students and teachers from rural schools, cooperatives and other sectors of agricultural production are able to assimilate information more easily and, as a result, to appropriate themselves of the technologies developed by Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa). From the [http://www.embrapa.br/ Embrapa ...
Nogueira, A.R.A. and Souza, G.B. (2005) Manual de laboratrios solo, água, nutrio vegetal, nutrio animal e alimentos. EMBRAPA Pecuária Sudeste, So Carlos.
GUONELLA, R. H.; WATANABE, A. M.; POSADAS, A. N.; VAZ, C. M. P.; CRESTANA, S. (In: JORNADA CIENTÍFICA - EMBRAPA SÃO CARLOS, 6., 2014, São Carlos, SP Anais... São Carlos: Embrapa Instrumentação: Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste, 2014. p. 47. Editores técnicos: João de Mendonça Naime, Caue Ribeiro, Maria Alice Martins, Elaine Cristina Paris, Paulino Ribeiro Villas Boas, Ladislau Marcelino Rabello. (Embrapa Instrumentação. Documentos, 57)., 2014) ...
Rose Gomes Monnerat Sólon de Pontes, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia; C. M. Soares, Bthek Biotecnologia Ltda; R. A. Roberg, Bthek Biotecnologia Ltda; Vinícius Fiuza Dumas, Bthek Biotecnologia Ltda; Felipe Rosa Ramos, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia; Lilian Botelho Praça, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia; Érica Soares Martins, Universidade de Brasília; P. R. Queiroz, Universidade de Brasília; Edison Ryoiti Sujii, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia ...
ANDRE, R. da S.; MASCARENHAS, B.; CORREA, D. S.; PARIS, E. C.; MATTOSO, L. H. C. (In: WORKSHOP DA REDE DE NANOTECNOLOGIA APLICADA AO AGRONEGÓCIO, 8, 2014, Juiz de fora. Anais... São Carlos: Embrapa Instrumentação; Campo Grande: Embrapa Gado de Corte; Juiz de Fora: Embrapa Gado de Leite, 2014. p. 407-410. Editores: Maria Alice Martins, Humberto de Mello Brandão, Marlene de Barros Coelho, Daniel Souza Corrêa, Caue Ribeiro, Luiz Henrique Capparelli Mattoso., 2014) ...
Morrone, O., Aagesen, L., Scataglini, L.M., Salariato, D.L., Denham, S.S., Chemisquy, M.A., Sedea, S.M., Giussani, L.A., Kellogg, E.A. & Zuloaga, F.O. (2012) Phylogeny of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification, Cladistics, 28: 4, 333-356 ...
Spittlebugs are closely related to aphids. Like aphids, spittlebugs rely on the nectar or sap of plants for food. The two-lined spittlebug is the most comm
with Brachiaria brizantha, since the genera Urochloa and Brachiaria are similar in some aspects. A recent phylogenetic analysis ... Brachiaria brizantha) is a species of grass known by the common name palisade grass. It is often used as a forage for livestock ... Brachiaria in Brazil Torres González, A.M.; Morton, C.M. (2005). "Molecular and morphological phylogenetic analysis of ... Brachiaria brizantha. Tropical Forages. CSIRO, DPI&F (Queensland), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia. 2005. Urochloa brizantha ...
Brachiaria sp., Cenchrus sp., Dichanthium sp., etc. The National Chambal Sanctuary lies between 24°55' to 26°50' N and 75°34' ...
Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf Brachiaria serrata (Thunb.) Stapf Brachiaria stigmatisata (Mez) Stapf Brachiaria villosa (Lam.) A. ... Brachiaria deflexa (Schumach.) C.E.Hubb. ex Robyns Brachiaria lata (Schumach.) C.E.Hubb. Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf ... Brachiaria orthostachys (Mez) Clayton Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc. ... Camus Brachiaria xantholeuca (Hack.) Stapf Brachyachne obtusiflora (Benth.) C.E.Hubb. Brachycorythis macrantha (Lindl.) Summerh ...
Selection of Brachiaria spp. for the acid soil savannas of the central plateau region of Brazil. Section 3: Forage plant ... Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk - signal grass; now sown on tens of millions of hectares, particularly in Brazil; ... Belalto - centro; Brachiaria ruziziensis cv. Kennedy - ruzi grass; Panicum maximum cv. Makueni - guinea grass; Stylosanthes ... Brachiaria: Biología, Agronomía y Mejaromiento. CIAT and EMBRAPA/CNPGC, Cali, Colombia. 312 pp. - Spanish translation.] ( ...
Brachiaria umbratilis Napper Cenchrus ciliaris L. Chloris gayana Kunth Chloris pycnothrix Trin. Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle ... Cyperus rotundus L. Andropogon greenwayi Napper Aristida adscensionis L. Bothriochloa insculpta (A.Rich.) A.Camus Brachiaria ...
The larvae feed on Brachiaria mutica. Savela, Markku, ed. (29 August 2020). "Maliattha ritsemae (Snellen, 1880)". Lepidoptera ...
Brachiaria) Yvesia Panicinae Louisiella Panicum (syn. Arthragrostis) Yakirra Cenchrinae Acritochaete Alexfloydia Cenchrus (syn ...
squamulatus (a tall grass) Brachiaria spp. Loudetiopsis kerstingii Sporobolus pyramidalis (only in protected areas) Setaria ...
1850 - Brachiaria serrata Eriochloa purpurascens Hochst. 1841 - Panicum gossypinum Eriochloa trichopus - Urochloa trichopus ... Ecuador formerly included see Ancistrachne Axonopus Brachiaria Isachne Panicum Paspalum Tricholaena Urochloa Eriochloa ...
It is associated with Brachiaria grasses. It is threatened by deforestation, charcoal production and hydroelectric dam ...
and the invasive pasture grass Brachiaria mutica. Trees native to the forests upland to the southwest are Apeiba tibourbou, ...
Lepturus, Acroceras et Brachiaria nouveaux de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 93: 86-89 Watson L, ... Brachiaria paucispicata Acroceras pilgerianum - Panicum pilgerianum List of Poaceae genera Kew World Checklist of Selected ... Acroceras seyrigii Acroceras tenuicaule Acroceras tonkinense Acroceras zizanioides formerly included see Brachiaria Panicum ...
"Competition between Brachiaria humidiocola and Mimosa pigra". Tropical Grasslands. 26: 111-4. Miller I.L. (1988). "The Northern ...
"Evidence for biological nitrification inhibition in Brachiaria pastures". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 ...
The larvae feed on Poaceae species, including Brachiaria reptans. They live in the debris at the foot of its host plant or in a ...
However it cannot persist when grown with Brachiaria decumbens or pangola grass. When used as a forage crop N. phaseoloides is ...
Portères, R. (1976). "African cereals: eleusine, fonio, black fonio, teff, Brachiaria, Paspalum, Pennisetum and African rice". ...
Portères, R. (1976). "African cereals: eleusine, fonio, black fonio, teff, Brachiaria, Paspalum, Pennisetum and African rice". ...
Bidens aurea (†) (Aiton) Sherff Bidens frondosa (†) L. Bidens pilosa (†) L. Brachiaria mutica (†) (M) (Forssk.) Stapf Cabomba ...
indigenous Brachiaria glomerata (Hack.) A.Camus, indigenous Brachiaria grossa Stapf, indigenous Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) ... indigenous Brachiaria marlothii (Hack.) Stent, indigenous Brachiaria nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf, indigenous Brachiaria ... indigenous Brachiaria brizantha (A.Rich.) Stapf, indigenous Brachiaria chusqueoides (Hack.) Clayton, indigenous Brachiaria ... ex A.Rich.) A.Camus, indigenous Bothriochloa radicans (Lehm.) A.Camus, indigenous Genus Brachiaria: Brachiaria advena Vickery, ...
The larvae feed on Vigna unguiculata, Oryza sativa and Agathis, Pueraria and Brachiaria species. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki. "Mocis ...
The cereals such as brachiaria, sorghum and urochloa were an important source of food. The African humid period was gradually ...
It feeds largely on seeds of grasses, including in Australia several exotic genera especially Brachiaria. The IUCN has ... They primarily consume seeds of Brachiaria decumbens (Signal Grass), then the seeds of Lantana camara (West Indian Lantana), ...
They feed on grass seeds (including Brachiaria ramosa) as well as grains of cultivated rice. Beetles and other insects are also ...
Introduced tropical pasture grass (Brachiaria decumbens and Brachiaria humidicola) covers almost all of the cleared area. The ...
It can be grown as a companion plant to grasses such as Andropogon gayanus and Brachiaria decumbens. A common component of many ...
1.3%), Brachiaria mutica (1.2%), Cyperus brevifolius (1.2%), Echinochloa stagnina (1.0%), Phragmites karka (1.0%) and Hedychium ...
It cannot compete with introduced species of grasses, such as Brachiaria subquadripara, which are invading its habitat. This is ...
Grasses preferred by kobs are Hyparrhenia species, Brachiaria brizantha, Setaria gayanus, Chloris gayana, and Echinochloa and ...
Revisión de las especies sudamericanas nativas e introducidas de los géneros Brachiaria y Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: ...
Brachiaria jaliscana Brachiaria jubata Brachiaria kurzii Brachiaria lachnantha Brachiaria lactea Brachiaria lata Brachiaria ... Brachiaria mesocoma Brachiaria meziana Brachiaria mollis Brachiaria multiculma Brachiaria munae Brachiaria mutica Brachiaria ... Brachiaria pubescens Brachiaria pubigera Brachiaria pungipes Brachiaria ramosa Brachiaria remota Brachiaria reptans Brachiaria ... nana Brachiaria nigropedata Brachiaria nilagirica Brachiaria notochthona Brachiaria oblita Brachiaria occidentalis Brachiaria ...
Brachiaria Griseb. 臂形草属 Description from Flora of China. Panicum sect. Brachiaria Trinius, Gram. Panic. 51, 125. 1826.. Annual ... Brachiaria is sometimes included within Urochloa, but usually they can be distinguished without difficulty.. About 100 species ...
Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf 巴拉草 Code: 628 019 01 0. Volume & Page: V: 458. ...
Tropicos: Brachiaria serrata. Wikipedia: Brachiaria serrata. Home. ,. List of families. ,. Poaceae. ,. Brachiaria. ,. serrata. ... iNaturalist: Brachiaria serrata. IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachiaria serrata. JSTOR Plant Science: Brachiaria ... Brachiaria serrata var. gossypina (A. Rich.) Stapf. Brachiaria andongensis (Rendle) Stapf Brachiaria brachylopha Stapf Holcus ... Flora of Botswana: Brachiaria serrata. Flora of Malawi: Brachiaria serrata. Flora of Mozambique: Brachiaria serrata. Flora of ...
Brachiaria grass, a climate-smart wonder grass for livestock farmers. Brachiaria grass. Urochloa (syn. Brachiaria) grass ... Brachiaria grass: New forage option for sub-Saharan Africa. Brachiaria grass: The forage for more milk and meat production in ... This includes the development of a set of technologies for climate-smart Brachiaria grass, which are currently benefiting over ... The initiative sought to provide data about the nutritional profiles of Brachiaria grass cultivars at different growth stages, ...
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Performance and digestibility of weaner rabbits fed graded levels of soybean cheese waste/maize offal diet and brachiaria grass ...
Brachiaria Decumbens) Melalui Pemanfaatan Multi Strain Mikoriza Arbuskula Dan Azospirillum by Risa Rosita ... Rumput Signal (Brachiaria decumbens) merupakan salah satu pakan hijau ternak unggulan yang berkualitas bagi ruminansia. ... Rehabilitasi Tanah Bekas Tambang Menggunakan Rumput Signal (Brachiaria Decumbens) Melalui Pemanfaatan Multi Strain Mikoriza ...
A comparative study on plant growth and root plasticity responses of two Brachiaria forage grasses grown in nutrient solution ...
Response of brachiaria grass to selenium forms applied in a tropical soil , S.J. Ramos, F.W. Ávila, P.F. Boldrin, F.J. Pereira ... Response of brachiaria grass to selenium forms applied in a tropical soil. S.J. Ramos, F.W. Ávila, P.F. Boldrin, F.J. Pereira, ... Response of brachiaria grass to selenium forms applied in a tropical soil. Plant Soil Environ., 58: 521-527.. download PDF ... antioxidant activity and anatomy alterations in Brachiaria brizantha were evaluated. The experiments were disposed in a ...
Brachiaria trials at CIATs headquarters in Colombia. This improved forage grass has been shown to inhibit nitrification, ... Secrets of Brachiaria: An African pasture grass holds enormous promise for reducing greenhouse gases. Posted on 15 Sep 2013. by ... Though Brachiaria grasses originated in Africa they are now planted more widely in South America. Peters told IRIN that ... Brachiaria trials at CIATs headquarters in Colombia. This improved forage grass has been shown to inhibit nitrification, ...
As with other Brachiaria species, Brachiaria brizantha is of high nutritive value. In countries where Brachiaria spp. has been ... Brachiaria brizantha can be heavily grazed if used as a mono-specific sward with regular top dressings of N. Both Brachiaria ... Brachiaria brizantha is very variable in habit, leafiness, hairiness and yield. It is similar to Brachiaria decumbens, though a ... Brachiaria brizantha and Brachiaria decumbens are closely related and very similar morphologically, which has led to incorrect ...
Brachiaria longiflora. Brachiaria longiflora. We only have a stub for this article right now. Help us out by fleshing it out ... Brachiaria longiflora belong to the genus Brachiaria. ... Brachiaria longiflora belong to the genus Brachiaria.. View ...
RUMPUT CEYLON (Brachiaria decumbens) Mac 8, 2010. Filed under: Landskap - Wannura @ 7:22 am Tags: Landskap, racun, seni taman. ...
Brachiaria subquadripara (Trin.) Hitchc., moreUrochloa distachya (L.) T.Q.Nguyen, Urochloa subquadripara (Trin.) R.D.Webster] ...
Abnormal pollen mitoses (PM I and PM II) in an interspecific hybrid of Brachiaria ruziziensis and Brachiaria decumbens ( ... in an interspecific hybrid of Brachiaria ruziziensis and Brachiaria decumbens (Gramineae). Journal of Genetics. 2004 Dec; 83(3 ...
Resistência de biótipos de Euphorbia heterophylla L., Bidens subalternans L. e Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc. a ... Resistance of Euphorbia heterophylla L., Bidens subalternans L. and Brachiaria plantaginea biotypes to herbicides in soybean ... Also Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc. Seeds were collected at Mangueirinha (PR) at plants that survived to ACCase ... além de Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc., em Mangueirinha (Pr), aos inibidores da ACCase. Através de experimentos ...
Mulato II (Brachiaria sp.) (SSAGR303/AG310). Mulato II is a semi-erect perennial apomictic grass that can grow up to 9 ft tall ...
Brachiaria distachya is adapted to humid tropical lowlands, with rain all year round or with monsoons and a dry season[. 310. ... The genera Brachiaria and Urochloa are closely related, and the two are united by some authors. See Veldkamp, Taxon 45 (1986) ... Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae-Paniceae) in Malesia. Publication. Blumea 41 pp 413-437 1996. Author. Veldkamp J.F.. Publisher ... Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae-Paniceae) in Malesia. Publication. Blumea 41 pp 413-437 1996. Author. Veldkamp J.F.. Publisher ...
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Cell wall composition and digestibility in five species of Brachiaria Authors. * C.B. do Valle National Center for Research in ... Five species of Brachiaria with varying numbers of accessions were screened to identify those of higher nutritive value. ... Brachiaria ruziziensis had the highest (P , 0.5) digestibility of all species despite having higher (P , 0.05) leaf lignin ... Brachiaria ruziziensis had the lowest (P , 0.05) neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, cellulose and hemicellulose ...
Brachiaria. ,. brizantha. ,. image6. Brachiaria brizantha (A. Rich.) Stapf. Image: Image details: Species id:. 106800. Image id ... Flora of Caprivi: Species information: individual images: Brachiaria brizantha. https://www.capriviflora.com/speciesdata/image- ...
Brachiaria brizantha. Grasses and Weeds. Phacelia. Phacelia tanacetifolia. Grasses and Weeds. Pineapple Weed. Matricaria ...
The forage grass Brachiaria humidicola (Bh) has been shown to reduce soil microbial nitrification. However, it is not known if ... Residual effect of BNI by Brachiaria humidicola pasture on nitrogen recovery and grain yield of subsequent maize. Posted By: ...
... which also suffered more stem damage than brachiaria plants. No larvae survived on brachiaria plant tissue for longer than 5 ... partellus oviposition preference for brachiaria. In addition to poor larval performance on brachiaria, there was no clear ... Suitability of brachiaria grass as a trap crop for management of Chilo partellus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 166 ( ... Our findings support the use of brachiaria as a trap crop for management of C. partellus through a push‐pull technology. ...
The addition of zinc did not increase the dry matter yield of Brachiaria decumbens. RPA Switzerland. Robotic process automation ... The response of Brachiaria decumbens to liming occurred in the presence of nitrogen only in the fourth cutting, while nitrogen ... Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the response of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. to the application of lime, nitrogen and zinc in ... EFEITO IMEDIATO DE CALCÁRIO, NITROGÊNIO E ZINCO NA PRODUÇÃO DE MATÉRIA SECA DE Brachiaria decumbens. ...
Volver a los detalles del artículo Fertilización Química y órgano-mineral del Pasto Mulato (Brachiaria Híbrido) y Xaraés ( ... Brachiaria Brizantha Xaraés). Santo Domingo De Los Tsáchilas Descargar Descargar PDF https://kbscustoms.asean.org/slot-online/ ...
Para grass (Brachiaria mutica). This grass was introduced to the area as pasture in the 1930s. Like mimosa, para grass can take ...
... brachiaria with 50 kg ha-1 of N; T5 maize with 100 kg ha-1 of N; T6 maize- brachiaria with 100 kg ha-1 of N; T7 maize with 150 ... Brachiaria recovered 1,4 % of the 15N applied. The RFNS were of 18% and 25% for single crop and intercropped maize. The 15N not ... The brachiaria intercropped with maize did not restrict N avaibility. The EUFN varied between 60,4 % for intercropped and 64,8 ... Treatments were: T1 single crop maize and T2 maize- brachiaria, with 150 kg ha-1 of 15N urea at sowing. It was evaluated the ...
  • Rumput Signal ( Brachiaria decumbens) merupakan salah satu pakan hijau ternak unggulan yang berkualitas bagi ruminansia. (biotrop.org)
  • Brachiaria decumbens cv. (feedipedia.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Abnormal pollen mitoses (PM I and PM II) in an interspecific hybrid of Brachiaria ruziziensis and Brachiaria decumbens (Gramineae). (who.int)
  • Mendes-Bonato AB, Pagliarini MS, do Valle CB, Jank L. Abnormal pollen mitoses (PM I and PM II) in an interspecific hybrid of Brachiaria ruziziensis and Brachiaria decumbens (Gramineae). (who.int)
  • The balance of liming and fertilization with nitrogen and zinc affects production of Brachiaria decumbens. (journaldatabase.info)
  • Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the response of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. (journaldatabase.info)
  • The response of Brachiaria decumbens to liming occurred in the presence of nitrogen only in the fourth cutting, while nitrogen application had an immediate effect, increasing dry matter yield of forage during the first three cuts. (journaldatabase.info)
  • The addition of zinc did not increase the dry matter yield of Brachiaria decumbens. (journaldatabase.info)
  • Copper Phytoextraction and Phytostabilization by Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. (scirp.org)
  • Este trabalho objetivou interpretar os resultados de análises de lâminas de folhas recém-expandidas para Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. (scielo.br)
  • The aim of this paper was to establish norms for interpretation of results of analysis from recently expanded leaf laminae of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. (scielo.br)
  • Objetivou-se avaliar três procedimentos de cálculo dos índices DRIS, bem como verificar a eficiência do DRIS como método de interpretação de resultados de análises de folhas da Brachiaria decumbens (capim-Braquiária). (scielo.br)
  • In a plot trial on this site there was no significant response to application of up to 400 kg N/ha per year over 2 yr to Brachiaria decumbens. (eurekamag.com)
  • Comparative evaluation of signal ( Brachiaria decumbens ) and guinea ( Panicum maximum ) grasses in buffalo heifers. (feedipedia.org)
  • Isolation of steroidal sapogenins implicated in experimentally induced cholangiopathy of sheep grazing Brachiaria decumbens in Brazil. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cholangiohepatopathy was induced in 5 lambs by oral administration of extracts from signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens) in Brazil. (semanticscholar.org)
  • FIGUEIREDO, G.R. Desempenho de novilhos F1s Angus-Nelore em pastagens de Brachiaria decumbens submetidos a diferentes regimes alimentares. (brazilianjournals.com)
  • The objective of this study was to determine the effect of ensiling Brachiaria decumbens and Brachiaria brizantha or making hay from Brachiaria decumbens on the concentrations of steroidal saponin in these grasses. (embrapa.br)
  • In addition, in Brachiaria decumbens, the concentration of the protodioscin decreased 48% over the first three days after. (embrapa.br)
  • Therefore, the goal of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of glyphosate and fluazifop-p-butyl in the control of Brachiaria decumbens (signalgrass) and the intoxication levels of Panicum maximum cv. (embrapa.br)
  • Two-year grazing trials were conducted at the Corozal Agricultural Experiment Substation to determine the availability of five grass species: Tanner ( Brachiaria radicans ), Signal ( Brachiaria decumbens ), Pangola ( Digitaria decumbens ), Digitaria milanjiana , and Guinea ( Panicum maximum ), as forage sources for growing Holstein heifers. (upr.edu)
  • This study evaluated the forage yield and feed chemical composition of a Brachiaria decumbens natural pasture as undergrowth to a Myracrodruon urundeuva (aroeira) tree stand in a silvopasture system at UNESP/Ilha Solteira, Selvíria, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. (academicjournals.org)
  • Florida Grown Scientific Name: (Urochloa ramosa = Brachiaria ramosa = Panicum ramosum). (seedworldusa.com)
  • Moreover, Stephen stated that the trainings helped himself and Martha make the decision to start planting improved hybrid and nutrient-dense fodder such as Panicum, Brachiaria, and Mulberry trees. (vetswithoutborders.ca)
  • This study was designed to determine whether two Brachiaria brizantha cultivars and two Panicum maximum cultivars differ in their N metabolism. (cropj.com)
  • Two cultivars of Panicum maximum and two cultivars of Brachiaria brizantha were investigated under the supply of low and high nitrogen rates in a greenhouse experiment. (cropj.com)
  • Two grasses ( Panicum maximum and Brachiaria hybrid) and two legumes ( Stylosanthes guianensis and Desmodium intortum ) have been sown in monocultures and various mixtures. (nibio.no)
  • A recent phylogenetic analysis concluded that Brachiaria and Urochloa are a monophyletic group, along with Eriochloa and Melinis, and that further molecular and morphological work is needed to establish clear relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the meantime, Brachiaria and Urochloa plants are usually not difficult to distinguish from one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria is sometimes included within Urochloa , but usually they can be distinguished without difficulty. (efloras.org)
  • The genera Brachiaria and Urochloa are closely related, and the two are united by some authors. (theferns.info)
  • Brachiaria and Urochloa are distinguished mainly by habit, Urochloa having rather more flattened, cuspidate spikelets enclosing a pronounced mucro from the upper lemma. (theferns.info)
  • A paper transferring various Brachiaria species to Urochloa, it also gives information on plant uses. (theferns.info)
  • Eight Girolando (3/4holstein × 1/4 Gyr) heifers were evaluated in pasture of Xaraés palisade grass (Urochloa brizantha 'Xaraes' syn Brachiaria brizantha) managed with intermittent stocking. (embrapa.br)
  • Oito novilhas Girolando foram mantidas em pastagens de capim-xaraés (Urochloa brizantha 'Xaraes' syn Brachiaria brizantha) manejadas com lotação intermitente. (embrapa.br)
  • Brachiaria - the genus identify of Urochloa - consists of about 100 documented species of grass of which seven species used as fodder vegetation are of African origin. (198brazilnews.com)
  • Brachiaria mutica (Forssk. (efloras.org)
  • shoots), Brachiaria mutica (leaves) and Ipomea aquatica Fordk (leaves and stems). (ipb.ac.id)
  • 2010), Axonopus compressus (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Brachiaria mutica (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Brachiaria subquadripara (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Imperata cylindrica (V.C. Balakrishnan pers. (ifoundbutterflies.org)
  • 2005 ). This lessen can be definitely not generally essential and appears to be to turn out to be considerably less runs than with different sultry variety some as Em função de yard (Brachiaria mutica) ( Coleman et aI. (microspec.co.in)
  • Two researches were performed: (i) maize productivity and remaining residues due to production system and nitrogen dosage and (ii) nitrogen (15N) balance in maize single crop systems and intercropped with Brachiaria ruziziensis. (usp.br)
  • Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the intercropping of sorghum with Brachiaria ruziziensis that may provide higher yield of grain sorghum and dry mass of both crops. (cropj.com)
  • The experimental design followed a randomized complete block in a factor 3 x 5 + 1 + 5, corresponding to three intercropping Brachiaria ruziziensis seeding systems (row, inter-row and broadcast sowing) associated with five densities of Brachiaria (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 pure viable seeds m-2) plus the additional treatments related to monocultures of the grain sorghum and the five densities of the Brachiaria. (cropj.com)
  • The Brachiaria ruziziensis association with sorghum cultivation proved to be a promising technique for improving grain yield and dry matter at different times of the year without affecting the development and yield of the soybean crop culture. (cropj.com)
  • The best results were achieved with planting of Brachiaria ruziziensis in the line at the sowing density of 8 viable pure m-2 seeds and the inter-row sowing density of 6 viable pure m-2 seeds. (cropj.com)
  • Brachiaria are annual or perennial grasses, most lacking rhizomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Brazil, 80 million hectares of native habitat have been planted with African grasses, mostly Brachiaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Introduced species such as Brachiaria grasses can degrade habitat and compete with native species. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Paragominas area of Brazil, however, native forest outcompetes cultivated stands of Brachiaria and other exotic forage grasses, and ranchers struggle to maintain pasture cover. (wikipedia.org)
  • The area planted with Brachiaria during this period was about 6.5% of the total surface of permanent grasses in Mexico, 12.5% in Honduras, 1% in Nicaragua, 18.7% in Costa Rica, and 0.1% in Panama. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other research has shown that deep-rooted, productive Brachiaria grasses can capture atmospheric carbon on a scale similar to that of tropical forests, and could be a further plus for climate change mitigation. (ilri.org)
  • Though Brachiaria grasses originated in Africa they are now planted more widely in South America. (ilri.org)
  • CIAT researchers have found ways to increase BNI through plant breeding in different species of Brachiaria grasses. (ilri.org)
  • Brachiaria brizantha grows best with 1500-3500 mm average annual rainfall, though it tolerates less than 1000 mm rainfall and can withstand dry seasons of 3-6 months during which it remains green, unlike other tropical grasses. (feedipedia.org)
  • Other grasses such as Brachiaria humidicola or Brachiaria dictyoneura , and, under more intensive grazing systems, creeping legumes such as Arachis spp. (feedipedia.org)
  • Fabiola Santos from University of Londrina, Brazil, is working on the Chromosomal evolution and the organization of repetitive DNA sequences in diploid and polyploid Brachiaria forage grasses in the molecular cytogenetics group in Leicester. (molcyt.org)
  • Those grasses are part of a botanical family known by the scientific name Brachiaria that came originally from eastern Africa. (knkx.org)
  • Brachiaria grasses sequester significant amounts of soil organic carbon - conservative estimates indicate a 2-3 fold higher annual sequestration rate than in other annual cropping systems. (cgiar.org)
  • Peru in silvopastoral system, where it occupied 100 % of the area, associated with Brachiaria brizantha cv. (sld.cu)
  • The grass varieties used in both treatments were Brachiaria brizantha cv. (tropentag.de)
  • Produtividade da Brachiaria brizantha cv. (idesia.cl)
  • The experimental design of first experiment will be randomized blocks, with four replications, in factorial scheme 3x2, being three cultivation modalities of corn crop for silage (exclusively, in intercrop with Brachiaria brizantha cv. (fapesp.br)
  • Marandu and Brachiaria brizantha cv. (fapesp.br)
  • Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito de frequ ncia e n veis de suplementa o, na poca da seca do ano, no crescimento e no comportamento ingestivo de novilhas leiteiras mesti as Gir x Holand s em pastagem de Brachiaria brizantha cv. (sp.gov.br)
  • The heifers were grazing on Brachiaria brizantha cv. (sp.gov.br)
  • This study measured the kinetic parameters of the ruminal degradation of the silage of Brachiaria brizantha cv. (uchile.cl)
  • ILRI in collaboration with RuMeth International and RTI International conducted a study to establish the nutritional profiles of six improved Brachiaria grass cultivars-Basilisk, Cayman, Cobra, Mulato II, Piata and Xaraes-that are promoted by ILRI, the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, and other partners across Africa. (ilri.org)
  • Center scientists have also just gathered evidence that a maize crop grown after Brachiaria humidicola pastures gave acceptable yields with only half the amount of nitrogen fertilizer normally used, because more nitrogen was retained in the soil, thus reducing nitrous oxide emissions and nitrate leaching. (ilri.org)
  • The forage grass Brachiaria humidicola (Bh) has been shown to reduce soil microbial nitrification. (cgiar.org)
  • Efecto de la fertilización nitrogenada en la dinámica del óxido nitroso y metano en Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweickerdt. (agrosavia.co)
  • En el Centro de Investigación Turipaná de Corpoica (Cereté, Colombia), se evaluaron tres accesiones de B. humidicola (CIAT 16888, CIAT 26159 y CIAT 679) con tres niveles de aplicación de nitrógeno (0, 150 y 300 kg ha-1) con el fin de determinar la dinámica del flujo de gases de efecto invernadero y su relación con el crecimiento y la producción de forraje. (agrosavia.co)
  • Therefore, we assessed seven brachiaria accessions (Poaceae) for preference by C. partellus moths and subsequent larval performance. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Some species of Brachiaria were probably first introduced unintentionally to the Americas in the colonial period, from slave ships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria are C4 species and can tolerate drier conditions and more light exposure than some other plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In India, the native B. ramosa is an important food source for the Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto) and Brachiaria species are forage for other local herbivores. (wikipedia.org)
  • Native species may also utilize exotic Brachiaria as a food resource, such as the rock cavy (Kerodon rupestris), a native rodent of the caatinga. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peters told IRIN the grass belongs to the Brachiaria species commonly found in east and central Africa and is native to the region. (ilri.org)
  • Five species of Brachiaria with varying numbers of accessions were screened to identify those of higher nutritive value. (uwi.edu)
  • Herbicides have been used to control Brachiaria grass in pastures established or in formation given their practicality, however their efficiency is questionable due to the lack of specific graminicides for different forage species. (embrapa.br)
  • Brachiaria cultivars can grow in infertile and acidic soils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mexico has put effort into improving its trade in Brachiaria cultivars, and the grass is thought to have made a positive impact on its milk and beef industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The initiative sought to provide data about the nutritional profiles of Brachiaria grass cultivars at different growth stages, and the effect of agroclimatic conditions on herbage qualities. (ilri.org)
  • This preliminary study has provided baseline information for the nutritional profiles of six Brachiaria grass cultivars at different ages. (ilri.org)
  • Brachiaria ) genotypes comprising three hybrids and four cultivars and established them in on-farm trials in western Kenya for dry matter evaluation and nutritional quality. (uky.edu)
  • Brachiaria ) cultivars represent 85% of tropical pastures occupying 114 million hectares of cultivated grasslands in Brazil. (embrapa.br)
  • Wide expanses of the tropics, especially the Neotropics, have been converted to Brachiaria pasture to support livestock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria brizantha makes an excellent multi-purpose and productive pasture that can withstand high stocking rates with good persistence under continuous or rotational grazing. (feedipedia.org)
  • Mekong Briz™( antha brachiaria ) is a highly productive, long term pasture option for central, coastal and northern Queensland. (krishakjagat.org)
  • Brachiaria is the single most important genus of forage grass for pastures in the tropics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of protein-energy or mineral supplementation on the feeding behavior of dairy steers in their post-weaning phase on Brachiaria brizantha pastures during the wet-dry season transition. (springeropen.com)
  • These results suggest that livestock consuming Brachiaria either as silage or hay may have reduced risk of intoxication by protodioscin. (scielo.org)
  • For the kinetics of particles transit, three indicators were used: the chromium for the brachiaria grass, the ytterbium for soybean and brachiaria grass silage and lanthanum for corn and brachiaria grass silage. (ufv.br)
  • However, the kinetics of particles passage from corn and brachiaria grass silage (CBS) and Brachiaria grass (BG) had values close to those found in theliterature, for soybean and Brachiaria grass silage (SBS) was lower than the data from literature, which were compared with corn and brachiaria grass silage in exlusive culture. (ufv.br)
  • além de Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc. (usp.br)
  • Also Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc. (usp.br)
  • Considerando essa premissa, o presente trabalho objetivou comparar métodos para quantificação dos depósitos com diferentes marcadores: o corante alimentício Azul Brilhante, os íons Cobre e Sódio, o corante fluorescente Rodamina B e o próprio produto fitossanitário, representado pelo fungicida tebuconazole à 250 g/L (Orius 250 CE), após pulverização em alvos naturais (Phaseolus vulgaris e Brachiaria plantaginea) e em alvos artificiais (papel filtro, papel mata-borrão e lâminas de vidro). (unesp.br)
  • The tracers used on natural targets (Phaseolus vulgaris and Brachiaria plantaginea) and artificial targets (filter paper, blotting paper and glass slides) were Brilhant blue food dye (FD&C Blue n. 1), Copper and Sodium ions, Rhodamine B and tebuconazol at 250 g / L. Both kind of targets were sprayed in a stationary spraying system with speed and pressure control. (unesp.br)
  • Brachiaria longiflora belong to the genus Brachiaria . (thefifthworld.com)
  • While grasslands are not as effective as forests at storing carbon, Brazilian grass - mostly Brachiaria genus - has a greater capacity to do so than grass found in Europe, due to its long roots. (thebeefsite.com)
  • Brachiaria (signalgrass) is now the most widely used tropical grass genus in Central and South America. (embrapa.br)
  • Nyamula), significantly higher numbers of eggs were deposited on brachiaria accessions Marandu, Piata, and Xaraes than on maize, whereas fewer eggs were recorded on plants of Mulato II, Mulato I, and Cayman. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • First instars did not consume leaf tissues of brachiaria plants but consumed those of maize, which also suffered more stem damage than brachiaria plants. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • No larvae survived on brachiaria plant tissue for longer than 5 days, whereas 79.2% of the larvae survived on maize. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • This study highlights the preferential oviposition of C. partellus on brachiaria plants over maize and the negative effects that these accessions have on subsequent larval survival and development. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Brachiaria is the most widely used tropical grass in Central and South America, with about 40 million hectares planted in Brazil alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria brizantha is very variable in habit, leafiness, hairiness and yield. (feedipedia.org)
  • In the system under grazing, yield of brachiaria base grass was always superior (2.2 and 3.0 t/ha DM) with respect to the non-managed system, at the beginning (P = 0.0028) and at the end of the experimental stage. (sld.cu)
  • Sorghum intercropping with Brachiaria has the potential to improve grain yield and dry matter in the Cerrado region, but there are no studies on the ideal density of Brachiaria seeds for adoption in intercropping when the system is deployed at the beginning of the rainy season. (cropj.com)
  • In recent years, push-pull systems have been adapted to include plants such as Brachiaria , which can tolerate hotter and drier climates. (onelifetimeblog.com)
  • Brazil is the leading user and producer of Brachiaria seeds in the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Farmers there have lengthy planted Brachiaria seeds, however no one had ever examined their high quality. (198brazilnews.com)
  • They include legume seeds, sweet potato vines, cassava cuttings and brachiaria splits, which are hard to find in local agrovets. (kalro.org)
  • Our findings support the use of brachiaria as a trap crop for management of C. partellus through a push‐pull technology. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Brazil alone now has some 99 million hectares of land devoted to Brachiaria grass. (198brazilnews.com)
  • By way of varied partnerships, colleagues and I've labored on a climate-smart Brachiaria programme to check the varieties already developed in Australia and South America in varied African contexts. (198brazilnews.com)
  • A growing body of research shows that some varieties of brachiaria reduce N 2 O emissions from soils, a phenomenon known as biological nitrification inhibition. (cgiar.org)
  • Brachiaria serrata (Thunb. (co.zw)
  • Brachiaria serrata var. (co.zw)
  • Brachiaria serrata is a perennial grass with bright green leaves and red or purplish-red spikelets covered in silky hairs. (sanbi.org)
  • Resistência de biótipos de Euphorbia heterophylla L., Bidens subalternans L. e Brachiaria. (usp.br)
  • Brachiaria distachya is a more or less perennial, evergreen grass producing a cluster of slender, straggling culms 5 - 35cm tall. (theferns.info)
  • Brachiaria distachya is a very aggressive plant, especially in humid areas and wetlands. (theferns.info)
  • Mulato II (Brachiaria sp. (ufl.edu)
  • In the Kora National Reserve in Kenya, Brachiaria dominates the ground layer along with Aristida. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basilisk is now considered to be Brachiaria brizantha (FAO, 2016). (feedipedia.org)
  • Steroidal saponins, specifically protodioscin, present in Brachiaria spp. (embrapa.br)
  • Brachiaria grass had no detectable levels of the saponin protodioscin after 24 days of ensiling. (embrapa.br)
  • Ramos S.J., Ávila F.W., Boldrin P.F., Pereira F.J., Castro E.M., Faquin V., Reis A.R., Guilherme L.R.G. (2012): Response of brachiaria grass to selenium forms applied in a tropical soil. (agriculturejournals.cz)
  • The farm also uses natural soil enhacement techniques by planting "brachiaria," a local plant. (goat-story.com)
  • As a plant scientist based mostly on the Worldwide Livestock Analysis Institute, I've researched Brachiaria grass since 2013. (198brazilnews.com)
  • Salgado takes note of a patch of invasive brachiaria grass that has flared up in a sunny spot. (smithsonianmag.com)
  • Se evaluaron los efectos de la fórmula de NAC en diferentes tipos de ictiosis, mostrando un buen perfil de seguridad y eficacia en IL e IRLX, sin embargo, en EIC e IE su uso estuvo restringido por efectos adversos. (bvsalud.org)
  • This includes the development of a set of technologies for climate-smart Brachiaria grass, which are currently benefiting over 100,000 households from 21 countries across Africa. (ilri.org)
  • The study was conducted to determine the kinetic parameters of in situ dry matter (DM) and fiber in neutral detergent (FND) and the movement of materials from the intercropping of brachiaria grass and crops with corn and soybeans. (ufv.br)
  • Experiment 2 - Brachiaria grass and corn consortium set in sowing arrangements. (ufv.br)
  • Kinetics data of rumen degradability and particles passage of silages made from material derived from the intercropping of brachiaria grass and crops of corn and soybeans are scarce, which makes comparisons difficult. (ufv.br)
  • Indicators in the leucaena-brachiaria system with animal grazing were better, at the beginning and at the end of the experiment, with a decrease in the depopulation of 1 plant/m2 (P = 0.0012), higher grass population 11.2/m2 (P = 0.0014) and low presence of weeds 1 plant/m2 (P = 0.0039), which was better in the system without grazing. (sld.cu)
  • Con el propósito de evaluar la disponibilidad, la calidad, el efecto de Leucaena leucocephala en la ganancia de peso en terneros en lactancia y destetados y la rentabilidad de los sistemas silvopastoriles, se desarrollaron dos experimentos. (catie.ac.cr)
  • En el primer experimento se comparó la ganancia de peso de terneros destetados en un sistema silvopastoril (Brachiaria brizantha en asocio con Leucaena leucocephala) versus terneros en un sistema tradicional (Brachiaria brizantha en monocultivo + Pollinaza) se realizó un experimento donde se comparo el efecto de la presencia de Leucaena en potreros de Brachiaria sobre la ganancia de peso comparado al sistema tradicional. (catie.ac.cr)
  • Con respecto a lo anterior se llega a la conclusión que el uso de Leucaena como suplemento para incrementar la ganancia de peso en terneros en lactancia y así destetar terneros de un peso mayor no es una opción viable, pues como se pudo observar los terneros que fueron suplementados con Leucaena en vez de aumentar la ganancia de peso tuvieron una perdida en el peso. (catie.ac.cr)
  • In the first experiment the gain of the weigh in calves weaned in a silvopastoril systeMON (Brachiaria brizantha associate with Leucaena leucocephala) versus calves weaned in a traditional systeMON (Brachiaria brizantha in monoculture more Pollinaza). (catie.ac.cr)
  • South American farmers, particularly in Brazil, began utilizing Brachiaria on a large-scale within the early Seventies and it's recognised as being key to the area's booming beef business. (198brazilnews.com)