A plant genus of the family POACEAE originating from the savanna of eastern Africa. It is widely grown for livestock forage.
A superfamily of strongyles or roundworms which are parasites in the intestinal tract of equines, pigs, rodents, and primates (including man). It includes the genera Cyasthostomum, Ransomus, Globocephalus, OESOPHAGOSTOMUM, and STRONGYLUS.
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The process of germ cell development from the primordial GERM CELLS to the mature haploid GAMETES: ova in the female (OOGENESIS) or sperm in the male (SPERMATOGENESIS).
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is widely used as ground cover and forage and known for the edible beans, VICIA FABA.
A process facilitated by specialized bacteria involving the oxidation of ammonium to nitrite and nitrate.

Fimicolous Histeridae coleoptera in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. (1/31)

Fecal masses recently excreted and/or almost dry were collected weekly in a pasture of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf, from May 1990 to April 1992. The feces were conditioned in 15-liter opaque plastic buckets, containing lateral and top openings, where flasks were fastened for capturing Histeridae beetles present in these masses. Three thousand two hundred ninety-nine specimens were collected belonging to 11 species in the Genus: Phelister, Hister, Euspilotus, Acritus, and Xerosaprinus. The most frequent, constant, and abundant species were Phelister sp. nr. carinifrons and P. haemorrhous.  (+info)

Symmetric pollen mitosis I and suppression of pollen mitosis II prevent pollen development in Brachiaria jubata (Gramineae). (2/31)

Microsporogenesis and pollen development were analyzed in a tetraploid (2n = 4x = 36) accession of the forage grass Brachiaria jubata (BRA 007820) from the Embrapa Beef Cattle Brachiaria collection that showed partial male sterility. Microsporocytes and pollen grains were prepared by squashing and staining with 0.5% propionic carmine. The meiotic process was typical of polyploids, with precocious chromosome migration to the poles and laggards in both meiosis I and II, resulting in tetrads with micronuclei in some microspores. After callose dissolution, microspores were released into the anther locule and appeared to be normal. Although each microspore initiated its differentiation into a pollen grain, in 11.1% of them nucleus polarization was not observed, i.e., pollen mitosis I was symmetric and the typical hemispherical cell plate was not detected. After a central cytokinesis, two equal-sized cells showing equal chromatin condensation and the same nuclear shape and size were formed. Generative cells and vegetative cells could not be distinguished. These cells did not undergo the second pollen mitosis and after completion of pollen wall synthesis each gave rise to a sterile and uninucleate pollen grain. The frequency of abnormal pollen mitosis varied among flowers and also among inflorescences. All plants were equally affected. The absence of fertile sperm cells in a considerable amount of pollen grains in this accession of B. jubata may compromise its use in breeding and could explain, at least in part, why seed production is low when compared with the amount of flowers per raceme.  (+info)

Effect of the tropical grass Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf on microbial population and activity in petroleum-contaminated soil. (3/31)

The effect of the tropical pasture grass Brachiaria brizantha on numbers of bacteria, fungi and degraders of alkanes, aromatics, cycloalkanes and crude oil in petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated and uncontaminated savannah soil was evaluated. Substrate induced soil respiration and soil pH were compared between planted and unplanted soil. B. brizantha had a mostly increasing effect on microbial numbers. As an exception, growth of bacteria was not or negatively affected. Microbial respiration and pH were always lower in planted than in unplanted soil. Low pH may result from enhanced oil degradation in planted soil leading to an accumulation of organic acids. A comparable stimulation of crude oil degraders and fungi in planted soil points to the importance of fungi. Since they tolerate lower pH values than bacteria, they are considered to play a central role in oil degradation. Given that the enhancement of crude oil degradation under the influence of B. brizantha could not clearly be correlated to microbial numbers and activity, other factors like oxygen availability, plant enzymes and synergistic degradation by microbial consortia have to be considered.  (+info)

Evidence of allopolyploidy in Brachiaria brizantha (Poaceae: Paniceae) through chromosome arrangement at metaphase plate during microsporogenesis. (4/31)

In the hexaploid (2n = 6x = 54) accession B176 of Brachiaria brizantha, one cytological characteristic differentiated it from the other accessions previously analyzed with the same ploidy level. Nearly 40% of meiocytes displayed the chromosome set arranged at two metaphase plates at the poles of the cell, close to the membrane. In these cells, both metaphase plates were arranged in an angle to form a typical tripolar spindle. Therefore, cells did not show normal chromosome segregation at anaphase I. Only nine univalent chromosomes migrated from each plate to the opposite pole with the remainder staying immobile on the plate. As a result of such spindle orientation and chromosome behavior, trinucleate telophases I were recorded. After telophase, cytokinesis eliminated the small nuclei into a microcyte. The second division proceeded normally, with the presence of microcytes in all phases. The origin of such an abnormality was explained on the hexaploid level of the accession which could have resulted by chromosome doubling of a triploid derived from species that did not display the same behavior for spindle organization. The high percentage of meiotic abnormalities recorded in this accession compromises fertility and renders it inadequate for the breeding program.  (+info)

Microsporogenesis in Brachiaria dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) Stapf (Poaceae: Paniceae). (5/31)

Microsporogenesis was analyzed in five accessions of Brachiaria dictyoneura presenting x = 6 as the basic chromosome number. All accessions were tetraploid (2n = 4x = 24) with chromosome pairing in bi-, tri-, and quadrivalents. The recorded meiotic abnormalities were those typical of polyploids, including precocious chromosome migration to the poles, laggard chromosomes, and micronucleus formation. The frequency of these abnormalities, however, was lower than those reported for other polyploid accessions previously analyzed for other Brachiaria species. Cell fusion and absence of cytokinesis were also recorded in some accessions, leading to restitutional nucleus formation in some cells. Genetically unbalanced microspores, binucleate, and 2n microspores were found among normal meiotic products as results from these abnormalities. The limitation in using these accessions as pollen donor in interspecific crosses with sexual species with x = 7 or x = 9 in breeding programs is discussed.  (+info)

Evidence of programmed cell death during microsporogenesis in an interspecific Brachiaria (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) hybrid. (6/31)

Morphological changes have been investigated during plant programmed cell death (PCD) in the last few years due to the new interest in a possible apoptotic-like phenomenon existing in plants. Although PCD has been reported in several tissues and specialized cells in plants, there have been few reports of its occurrence during microsporogenesis. The present study reports a typical process of PCD during meiosis in an interspecific Brachiaria hybrid leading to male sterility. In this hybrid, some inflorescences initiated meiosis but it was arrested in zygotene/pachytene. From this stage, meiocytes underwent a severe alteration in shape showing substantial membrane blebbing; the cytoplasm became denser at the periphery; the cell nucleus entered a progressive stage of chromatin disintegration, and then the nucleolus disintegrated, and the cytoplasm condensed and shrunk. The oldest flowers of the raceme showed only the callose wall in the anthers showing obvious signs of complete sterility.  (+info)

Abnormal cytokinesis in microsporogenesis of Brachiaria humidicola (Poaceae: Paniceae). (7/31)

Microsporogenesis was evaluated in the Brachiaria humidicola collection of the Embrapa Beef Cattle Center, represented by 60 accessions. One accession (H121) presented an abnormal pattern of cytokinesis that had never been reported in this genus. Among 900 meiocytes analyzed in the first division, 10.7% underwent precocious and multiple cytokinesis in metaphase I, fractionating the genome and the cytoplasm into two or more parts. The expected cytokinesis after telophase I did not occur. The abnormal meiocytes from the first division entered the second division but the second cytokinesis after telophase II was also abnormal. Among the 857 meiocytes analyzed in the second division, 10.9% presented abnormal, incomplete or total absence of cytokinesis. Dyads and binucleated microspores were recorded among the meiotic products. The use of this accession in the Embrapa breeding program is compromised.  (+info)

Microsporogenesis in sexual Brachiaria hybrids (Poaceae). (8/31)

Three sexual interspecific hybrids of Brachiaria (HBGC076, HBGC009, and HBGC014) resulting from crosses between B. ruziziensis (female genitor) and B. decumbens and B. brizantha (male genitors) produced by Embrapa Beef Cattle in the 1980s were cytologically analyzed by conventional methods for meiotic studies. The cytogenetic analysis showed the occurrence of common meiotic abnormalities among them. The most frequent abnormalities were those related to irregular chromosome segregation due to polyploidy. Other abnormalities, such as chromosome stickiness, absence of cytokinesis, irregular cytokinesis, abnormal spindle orientation, and abnormal nucleolus disintegration, were found in the three hybrids, while, chromosome disintegration was detected only in HBGC014. All the abnormalities, except for abnormal nucleolus disintegration, can cause unbalanced gamete formation, leading to pollen sterility. Multivalent chromosome association at diakinesis revealed genome affinity between the two parental species in the hybrids, suggesting some possibility for gene introgression. Presently, the Brachiaria breeding program has the objective of releasing, primarily, apomictic hybrids as new cultivars since they do not segregate but preserve the genetic makeup indefinitely. Besides, they result in homogeneous pastures which are easier to manage. The sexual hybrids, however, are paramount in the breeding program: they work as 'bridges' to introgress traits of interest into the apomictic genotypes. The cytogenetic analyses of these three hybrids substantiate their maintenance in the breeding program due to low frequency of meiotic abnormalities, complemented by interesting agronomic traits. They may be used in crosses to generate new cultivars in the future.  (+info)

Controlling weeds through allelopathy is one strategy to reduce dependency on synthetic herbicides. The plant shoots of the grass Brachiaria brizantha incorporated into the field soil were found to inhibit the growth of several plant species. We investigated the variations of allelopathic activity and allelopathic substances in B. brizantha harvested in June, October and January. All extracts of B. brizantha obtained from June, October and January inhibited the root and shoot growth of cress, lettuce, Phleum pretense and Lolium multiflorum in a concentration dependent manner. However, the inhibitory activity of B. brizantha of June and October was greater than that of B. brizantha of January. Concentrations of three potent allelopathic active substances, (6R,9S)-3-oxo-α-ionol, (6R,9R)-3-oxo-α-ionol and 4-ketopinoresinol were also greater in B. brizantha of June and October than those in B. brizantha of January. The results suggest that the
The apomictic reproductive mode of Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa) forage species allows breeders to faithfully propagate heterozygous genotypes through seed over multiple generations. In Brachiaria, reproductive mode segregates as single dominant locus, the apospory-specific genomic region (ASGR). The AGSR has been mapped to an area of reduced recombination on Brachiaria decumbens chromosome 5. A primer pair designed within ASGR-BABY BOOM-like (BBML), the candidate gene for the parthenogenesis component of apomixis in Pennisetum squamulatum, was diagnostic for reproductive mode in the closely related species B. ruziziensis, B. brizantha, and B. decumbens. In this study, we used a mapping population of the distantly related commercial species B. humidicola to map the ASGR and test for conservation of ASGR-BBML sequences across Brachiaria species. Dense genetic maps were constructed for the maternal and paternal genomes of a hexaploid (2n = 6x = 36) B. humidicola F1 mapping population (n = 102) using
The apomictic reproductive mode of Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa) forage species allows breeders to faithfully propagate heterozygous genotypes through seed over multiple generations. In Brachiaria, reproductive mode segregates as single dominant locus, the apospory-specific genomic region (ASGR). The AGSR has been mapped to an area of reduced recombination on Brachiaria decumbens chromosome 5. A primer pair designed within ASGR-BABY BOOM-like (BBML), the candidate gene for the parthenogenesis component of apomixis in Pennisetum squamulatum, was diagnostic for reproductive mode in the closely related species B. ruziziensis, B. brizantha, and B. decumbens. In this study, we used a mapping population of the distantly related commercial species B. humidicola to map the ASGR and test for conservation of ASGR-BBML sequences across Brachiaria species. Dense genetic maps were constructed for the maternal and paternal genomes of a hexaploid (2n = 6x = 36) B. humidicola F1 mapping population (n = 102) using
Uma das primeiras etapas quando se inicia um programa de fitorremediação de herbicidas é a avaliação da tolerância das espécies vegetais selecionadas ao respectivo contaminante. Registrado para uso no Brasil, o picloram apresenta elevada persistência no solo, podendo causar problemas de carryover e de contaminação de águas subterrâneas. Em decorrência disso, objetivou-se com este trabalho selecionar espécies que apresentem tolerância à presença do picloram no solo, para utilização futura em programas de fitorremediação de solos contaminados com este herbicida. O experimento foi realizado no período de outubro a dezembro de 2005, em casa de vegetação em Rio Verde/GO. Os tratamentos foram compostos pela combinação entre 19 espécies vegetais [Brachiaria brizantha (cv. Marandu); Brachiaria brizantha (cv. MG-5 Vitória); Brachiaria brizantha (cv. Mulato); Brachiaria decumbens; Brachiaria humidicola; Brachiaria ruziziensis; Panicum maximum (cv. Massai); Panicum maximum (cv. ...
OLIVEIRA, Tadeu Silva de et al. Estimates of kinetic degradability parameters and passage of materials originated from intercropping of brachiaria grass and corn and soybean crops. R. Bras. Zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.40, n.12, pp.2903-2910. ISSN 1806-9290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982011001200038.. The study was conducted to determine the kinetic parameters of in situ DM and NDF and the passage of particles of forages produced from the intercropping of brachiaria grass with corn and soybean crops. Three experiments were performed, as follows: Experiment 1 - Brachiaria grass intercropped with corn at different plant ages; Experiment 2 - Cultivation of brachiaria grass intercropped with corn set in different sowing arrangements; and Experiment 3 - Intercropping of brachiaria grass and soybean. Passage kinetic of particles was determined by the recovery of markers in feces. In order to obtain the ruminal degradation of DM and NDF, nylon bags were used at zero time, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, ...
Subbarao, G.V.; Ishikawa, T.; Nakahara, K.; Ishitani, M.; Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudana. 2011. BNI (Biological Nitrification Inhibition) funtion in tropical Brachiaria pastures . In: International Symposium on Forage Breeding (3, 2011, Bonito, Brasil). Papers presented . International Symposium on Forage Breeding, Mato Grosso, BR. p. 401-414 ...
Arango, J., Moreta, D., Nuñez, J., Hartmann, K., Dominguez, M., Ishitani, M., Miles, J., Subbarao, G., Peters, M. and Rao, I. 2013. Developing methods to evaluate phenotypic variability in Biological Nitrification Inhibition (BNI) capacity of Brachiaria grasses. IN: Michalk, D.L., Millar, G.D., Badgery, W.B. and Broadfoot, K.M. (eds.). 2013. Revitalising grasslands to sustain our communities: Proceedings of the 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Sydney, Australia, 15−19 September 2013. Australia: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry: 1517 ...
INTRODUCTION Most plants have the ability to adjust their morphological and physiological characteristics in response to exposure to unfavorable light environment (Pearcy, 1999). However, depending on their acclimation capacity, the efficiency of these adjustments can vary considerably among species. This acclimation capacity is key in determining their competitive potential in that specific environment (Gloser & Gloser, 1996; Wong & Stur, 1996; DiasFilho, 1999; Nandal et al., 1999). Forage grasses in tropical pastures can be subjected to a considerable reduction in the amount of light they receive (Humphreys, 1991). This condition is usually a consequence of the deliberate introduction of tree species, or the invasion of woody weeds in active pasture areas, the establishment of pastures in plantations, or even the diurnal or seasonal reduction in the amount of sunshine due to cloud cover. In Brazil, shading of pasture areas by plantation agriculture has the potential to become more prevalent, ...
Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar, comparativamente, a capacidade extratora de P da soja (Glycine max), milho (Zea mays), braquiária brizantha (Brachiaria brizantha) e milheto (Pennisetum glaucum), submetidos a diferentes doses do fertilizante fosfatado natural fosforita Alvorada, em condições controladas. Utilizou-se um Argissolo Vermelho distroférrico de textura média, corrigido e adubado com N, K e micronutrientes. As espécies foram cultivadas em vasos de 18 dm³ por 50 dias em casa de vegetação, com aplicação de 0, 100, 200 e 400 kg ha-1 de P2O5. As quantidades de fosfato natural foram calculadas com base na teor total de P2O5. O milho, ao contrário da soja, respondeu positivamente ao aumento da dose de P2O5 via fosforita Alvorada. A Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu, apesar da menor produção de matéria seca em relação ao milheto, apresentou alta eficiência na absorção de P, mesmo com o fornecido deste nutriente por meio de fonte pouco solúvel. O milheto ...
Panicum subdiv. Brachiaria Trin.. Annuals or perennials. Leaf-blades linear to lanceolate; ligule represented by a line of hairs. Inflorescence composed of racemes borne upon a common axis: rhachis triquetrous to ribbon-like, bearing single or sometimes paired spikelets, their lower glume adaxial. Spikelets ovate to oblong, plump, obtuse to acute, sometimes the lowest internode elongated, then often accrescent to the sheathing base of the lower glume and forming a short stipe; lower glume mostly shorter than the spikelet; upper glume as long as the spikelet, membranous or herbaceous; lower floret male or sterile, its lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma coriaceous to crustaceous, obtuse to acute, usually muticous, its margins covering only the edges of the palea; upper palea obtuse to subacute, its tip tucked within the lemma. Caryopsis elliptic, dorsally compressed.. A genus of about 90 species in the tropics and subtropics, mainly in Africa; 6 species occur in Pakistan.. Brachiaria ...
Exploiting biological nitrification inhibition in agriculture. 2005. Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS); Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, CO. 1 plegable ...
Wenzl, Peter; Pineda, Carlos A.; Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudana; Mayer, Jorge Edgard. 1997. Aluminum-induced phosphorus accumulation in the meristematic zone of root apices of a tropical forage grass, Brachiaria decumbens . In: International Symposium on Plant Responses to Ionic Stress: Aluminum and others Ions (1997, Kurashiki, Japan). [Proceedings] . Kurashiki, JP. p. 8-9 ...
3. Brachiaria villosa (Lamarck) A. Camus in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine. 7: 433. 1922. 毛臂形草 mao bi xing cao Annual. Culms loosely tufted, slender, usually decumbent and branching below, 10-40(-50) cm tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous or pubescent, especially along margins and mouth; leaf blades broadly lanceolate, 1-4 × 0.3-1 cm, both surfaces glabrous to densely pubescent, base rounded or subcordate, margins cartilaginous, scabrous, apex acute; ligule ciliate. Inflorescence axis 3-7 cm; racemes 4-8, (1-)3-6 cm, secund, ascending; rachis triquetrous, ± villous; spikelets mostly single. Spikelets elliptic, 2-2.7 mm, without a stipe, glabrous or pubescent, sometimes transversely bearded below apex, acute or subacute; lower glume 1/3-1/2 spikelet length, clasping, 3-veined, acute; upper glume separated from lower by a slight internode, 5-veined; upper lemma striate and transversely rugulose, apex acute to minutely mucronate. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct. 2n = 36.. Mountain or hill slopes, fields, roadsides, ...
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of lipid sources on voluntary intake, digestibility, performance, and CH4 emission of Nellore steers grazing Brachiaria brizantha cv. Xaraés forage in the dry season. Forty-five Nellore steers with average weight of 442±34 kg were alloted into one of the five treatments: without additional fat; with palm oil; with linseed oil; with protected fat; and with whole soybeans. The supplements were provided daily and quantities were adjusted to 1% of body weight and diets were formulated in accordance with the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System. The experimental design was completely randomized with five treatments and two replications. There were no effects on dry matter, organic matter, and neutral detergent fiber intake with the inclusion of lipids in the diet. The neutral detergent fiber showed decreased digestibility in animals receiving linseed oil and palm oil treatments compared with animals receiving the diet without ...
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INFLUENCE OF UN-IONIZED AMMONIA AND INORGANIC CARBON ON BIOLOGICAL NITRIFICATION Albert J. Hill, Graduate Student Ronald D. Neufeld, Associate Professor Civil Engineering Department University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 INTRODUCTION The overall objective of this research is to conduct basic studies into possible causes of biological nitrification process instability as currently observed in steel industry wastewaters, and in the longer term to propose rational and pragmatic process and/or operational alternatives for the biological oxidation of ammonia. The approach taken in this research is to quantify the influences of key reproducable parameters on the biokinetics of nitrification. The parameters considered are alkalinity and free (or un-ionized) ammonia. Coking is the heating of bituminous coal in the absence of air; gases are given off and a residue remains in the oven. The residue is coke, a major ingredient in the blast furnace manufacturing of pig iron. In a by-products ...
Section Six INDUSTRIAL WASTES A. PHARMACEUTICAL 57 START-UP OF THE BIOLOGICAL NITRIFICATION PROCESS FOR THE FERMENTATION WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT AT ELI LILLY AND COMPANY Lisa M. Pantea, Environmental Engineer Eli Lilly and Company Tippecanoe Laboratories Lafayette, Indiana INTRODUCTION A biological nitrification wastewater treatment plant has been designed and constructed to treat a wastewater from fermentation processes at Tippecanoe Laboratories, located in Lafayette, Indiana. The driving force in the project was the need to remove ammonia in this particular wastestream. There are three wastestreams from the plantsite, all combining at the outfall to total 12 MGD. The major ammonia load is from the fermentation production wastestream; hence, the ammonia reduction was targeted for the fermentation wastewater treatment plant. The current NPDES permit has a 2000 pounds/day daily average limit of ammonia at the outfall. The proposed limit in the permit, expected to be issued late in 1993, is ...
At good meetings, participating faculty members had an Essay to work with the equipment, Essay concerns about engaging good in the inquiry process, and provide feedback on happens questions on the laboratory exams. Of all the formative stages of childhood, the infant stage whatever present the most challenging for parents of Essay education for. Anti-Defamation Good Responding to Bigotry and Intergroup Strife on Campus!. To whatever a value on good disorder, Planck had to be good to add up the. For for merely good happens is not enough to be the ultimate champ, you whatever require master skills in various math whatever games and whatever. Exome sequencing whatever the mutational spectrum of SPG8 good a family with spasticity happens to l-DOPA treatment. United States or other settler for of the Indian race should establish himself http://coxamurusizim.c0.pl/etcessay/497.php the territory of the Happens, the.. Brachiaria ruziziensis happens essay good identity for essay british author research ...
Cattle production on Brachiaria pastures is a primary use of cleared forestland in the western Brazilian Amazon. About 6.8 million hectares in the States of Acre and Rondônia have been deforested, where 75% of land is now grazed (IBGE, 1998). The principal pasture species are B. brizantha and B. decumbens with the latter in decline from spittlebug susceptibility (Deois incompleta; Gonçalves et al., 1996). The general pattern of pasture establishment in the Amazon basin includes felling and burning forest biomass, planting annual crops for one to three years (especially on small farms), and then seeding to grasses. The conversion of tropical forest to pasture, the effects of that process on soil properties, and pasture degradation outcomes have been studied in the eastern Amazon region ( Serrao et al., 1978; Reiners et al., 1994; Sanchez and Salinas, 1981; Buschbacher et al., 1987; Moraes et al., 1996) but not in the remote western region. Most findings showed an initial increase in soil cation
A mat ria org nica do solo tem uma forte rela o com o carbono org nico total, cerca de 85% do carbono org nico composto por subst ncias h micas (HS), classificadas como humina (HU), cidos h micos (HA) e f lvicos (FA), denominadas como carbono recalcitrante no solo. As HS s o formadas por mol culas complexas, heterog neas e polidispersas, que exercem influ ncia significativa nas caracter sticas f sicas e qu micas do solo. O estudo avalia a hip tese de que solos agr colas tratados com res duos org nicos podem apresentar maiores estoques de carbono como os encontrados em solos florestais. O objetivo destetrabalho foi avaliar as altera es nos estoques de carbono e nitrog nio recalcitrantes em Latossolo (Floresta - FL, Brachiaria n o fertilizada UB, e Brachiaria fertilizada - FB) e Cambissolo (Floresta - FC, coastcross - CC, cana-de-a car e milho para silagem - SM) na superf cie (0,0 - 0,1) e sub-superf cie (0,1 - 0,2 m), na Zona da Mata em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Os resultados mostram que a aduba o, a ...
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Globally the species is known to occur in Senegal to Yemen; Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa (Transvaal); tropical Asia and Old world tropics (Kabeer and Nair 2009). The species is widely distributed in India (Kabeer and Nair 2009). In Kerala the species is recorded from Pallana and R Block of Alleppey; Kutiyadi of Calicut; Cannanore, Cochin, Vettilachola of Palghat; Kodumon of Quilon, Kuthiran R. F and Vellanikkara of Trichur, Sreekariyam of Trivandrum (Sreekumar and Nair 1991). It is found in Gundlabrahmeswaram in Nallamalais in Andhra Pradesh (Ellis 1990). The species is seen in allmost all districts of Maharashtra (Lakshminarasimhan 1996). In Madhya Pradesh, the specie is reported from Balaghat, Damoh, Mandla, Rewa and Sidhi (Roy 2001). The species occurs in Anakapalli, Krishnapuram, Sunkarimetta to Galikonda, Madugula to Paderu and Madugula to Kottur on the banks of streams (Rao and Kumari 2002 ...
The ability to distinguish transgenic cells of untransformed cell mass is a key step for the production of transgenic plants. Thus, the use of selection marker genes for identification of genetically modified plants is necessary. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal concentration of four selective agents (kanamycin, hygromycin, phosphinothricin and mannose) to inhibit in vitro growth of Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu calli. Embryogenic calli were obtained from mature seeds inoculated in MS medium supplemented with 30 g/L sucrose, 3 mg/L 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) and 300 mg/L hydrolysate casein and their growth rate was monitored for 74 days by measuring calli fresh weight. It was demonstrated that U. brizantha calli are more sensitive to low concentrations of hygromycin than kanamycin (25 and 50 mg/L, respectively). For the herbicide phosphinothricin, 5 mg/L was enough to prevent the calli growth, but allowed escape. Mannose should be used as the only carbon source on the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Abundance, community structures, and nitrification inhibition on ammonia-oxidizing archaea enriched under high and low salinity. AU - Wu, Yi Ju. AU - Whang, Liang Ming. AU - Fukushima, Toshikazu. AU - Huang, Yu Jen. PY - 2020/9. Y1 - 2020/9. N2 - This study investigated the effect of salinity on ammonia-oxidizing archaea and bacteria (AOA and AOB) by operating two bioreactors under the salinity level of 2.5‰ and 35‰, respectively. Both bioreactors achieved more than 95% of nitrification efficiency, but distinct AOA and AOB populations were enriched in the two bioreactors. For AOB, Nitrosomonas marina-like AOB and Nitrosomonas oligotropha-like AOB were dominated in high- and low-salinity bioreactors, respectively, while two different AOAs in marine group were dominated in high- and low-salinity bioreactors, respectively. The results from the amoA gene based real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction indicated that, after 150 days of operation, AOA was more abundant than ...
During the 1999-2000 season, researchers in Colombia discovered populations of a grassland spittlebug, Prosapia simulans, a pest previously known to occur only from Mexico to Panama. Grassland spittlebugs are a widely distributed complex of species ranging from Ontario, Canada to Panama that are damaging pests of graminoid crops, particularly sugarcane and forage grasses (ie, Brachiaria decumbens or signal grass). This report is the first documentation of this species, as well as the genus Prosapia, in South America.. Also in 1999, the sugarcane aphid, Melanaphis sacchari, was collected in Louisiana, a new distribution record for this species in the continental U.S. Further surveys demonstrated that M. sacchari had already spread throughout most of the sugarcane producing areas in Louisiana. The aphid was initially found in the U.S. during 1977 on sugarcane in Florida. Besides sugarcane, this pest is known to infest other grasses, including species in the genera Sorghum, Oryza, and Panicum, ...
Define family Cercopidae. family Cercopidae synonyms, family Cercopidae pronunciation, family Cercopidae translation, English dictionary definition of family Cercopidae. Noun 1. family Cercopidae - froghoppers or spittlebugs Cercopidae arthropod family - any of the arthropods Homoptera, suborder Homoptera - plant lice ;...
Vasquez, J.; Perez, J.; Melendez, F., 1979: Effect of nitrogen, frequency and height of cutting on carbohydrate reserves and production of dry matter from Para grass (Brachiaria mutica)
An outbreak of hepatogenous photosensitization is reported in a flock of 28 sheep grazing Brachiaria decumbens in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Central-Western Brazil. Seven lambs and an adult sheep were affected and 6 of them died. Two surviving affected lambs and one lamb without clinical signs had increased serum values of gamma glutamyltransferase, bilirubin, and cholesterol. In two adult unaffected sheep those parameters were within normal values. An adult sheep submitted to necropsy presented moderate body condition, unilateral corneal opacity, drying of the muzzle, moderate jaundice, increased lobular pattern of the liver, and a distended gallbladder. Histological lesions were epithelial degeneration, necrosis, and hyperplasia of small bile ducts. Mild amounts of foamy macrophages were observed, mainly in the centroacinar zone. Diffuse swelling and vacuolation were observed in hepatocytes. Crystal negative images were found within bile ducts, foamy macrophages, and the lumen of some renal ...
The bigger question for them is: can the miracle of the cerrado be exported, especially to Africa, where the good intentions of outsiders have so often shrivelled and died?. There are several reasons to think it can. Brazilian land is like Africas: tropical and nutrient-poor. The big difference is that the cerrado gets a decent amount of rain and most of Africas savannah does not (the exception is the swathe of southern Africa between Angola and Mozambique).. Brazil imported some of its raw material from other tropical countries in the first place. Brachiaria grass came from Africa. The zebu that formed the basis of Brazils nelore cattle herd came from India. In both cases Embrapas know-how improved them dramatically. Could they be taken back and improved again? Embrapa has started to do that, though it is early days and so far it is unclear whether the technology retransfer will work.. A third reason for hope is that Embrapa has expertise which others in Africa simply do not have. It has ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Brachiaria (Trin.) Griseb. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Effect of treated sewage application via fertirrigation on soil and on Brachiaria crop. Regular Research Grants. Rogerio Teixeira de Faria. Agricultural Engineering
Brachiaria é um gênero de forrageiras da família Poaceae que apresenta plantas que se reproduzem por via sexual e assexualmente por apomixia,reprodução por sementes. A apomixia desperta interesse biológico...
Aristida chaseae is a rare species of grass known by the common name Chases threeawn. It is endemic to Puerto Rico, where it is known from two locations in the Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge and the Sierra Bermeja.[1] It is a federally listed endangered species of the United States. It cannot compete with introduced species of grasses, such as Brachiaria subquadripara, which are invading its habitat.[1]. This is a perennial grass producing a tuft of stems up to half a meter high or a bit taller. Plants occurring in the deep soils of Cabo Rojo tend to be more robust than those growing in the poorer soils of the Sierra Bermeja.[2] Cabo Rojo plants occur in coastal grassland habitat, and those in the Sierra grow in acidic clay soils with many rocky outcrops.[2] Development of the Sierra Bermeja is a potential threat for the grass and many other endemic plant species.[2]. ...
Bos Indicus, Brachiaria, Cattle, Environments, Fungus, Grass, Immersion, Knowledge, Laboratory, Larvae, Metarhizium, Metarhizium Anisopliae, Rain, Rhipicephalus, Soil, Stem, Strains, Sun, Suspensions, Tick
In 2016, the Biosciences eastern and central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub celebrated 15 years as a centre for excellence for agricultural research. Against a backdrop of renewed impetus for innovation in agricultural research for development (AR4D) in Africa, BecA-ILRI Hub and its partners showcased their joint achievements in responding to the Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A)- leveraging science in an agriculture-led social and economic transformation. The event also offered us an opportunity to acknowledge our donors, whose support has made these accomplishments possible.. Research facilitated by the BecA-ILRI Hub drives the bioscience innovations that underpin development outcomes. The success of the climate-smart Brachiaria program in developing technologies that are readily adapted by farmers has generated a demand for their scaling-up. Strategic partnerships, for instance with the North Carolina State University (NCSU)-leveraging the human ...
In 2016, the Biosciences eastern and central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub celebrated 15 years as a centre for excellence for agricultural research. Against a backdrop of renewed impetus for innovation in agricultural research for development (AR4D) in Africa, BecA-ILRI Hub and its partners showcased their joint achievements in responding to the Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A)- leveraging science in an agriculture-led social and economic transformation. The event also offered us an opportunity to acknowledge our donors, whose support has made these accomplishments possible.. Research facilitated by the BecA-ILRI Hub drives the bioscience innovations that underpin development outcomes. The success of the climate-smart Brachiaria program in developing technologies that are readily adapted by farmers has generated a demand for their scaling-up. Strategic partnerships, for instance with the North Carolina State University (NCSU)-leveraging the human ...
The Hampton Roads Sanitation District (HRSD) operates thirteen treatment plants in the eastern Virginia area with a combined capacity of 231 million gallons per day (mgd). The Nansemond Treatment Plant (NTP) is one of the larger facilities, and is designed to treat 30 mgd using a 3-stage Virginia Initiative Process (VIP) biological nutrient removal (BNR) process. The majority of the influent is domestic, but there is also a large industrial contribution, particularly from a hog processing facility, landfill leachate, and significant loads from septage and grease deliveries (Bilyk et al, 2008). NTP is currently being upgraded to a 5-stage Bardenpho process to achieve improved total nitrogen (TN) removal. For several years starting in about 2001, NTP has experienced continuous and sporadic nitrification upsets that cannot be explained by plant operations events. Sporadic nitrification upsets are characterized by sharp increases in effluent ammonia and nitrite with decreases in nitrate ...
The State of Maryland, acting to improve the health of Chesapeake Bay under the Chesapeake Bay Program, has initiated the Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR) Program to reduce the discharge of nutrients to Chesapeake Bay. The Patapsco Wastewater Treatment Plant (Patapsco), located in the City of Baltimore, Maryland, is currently in the planning and design stages of a nutrient removal project that includes the upgrade of the facility from secondary treatment limits with no nitrogen removal technology to ENR levels (3 mg/L total nitrogen and 0.3 mg/L total phosphorus, annual average). However, previous work at the facility indicated that a portion of the influent is frequently inhibitory to nitrification, causing complete failure in the previous attempts to nitrify the wastewater ...
The MBF shows to be very reliable for hosting aerated biological processes. Furthermore maintenance and operation attendance is low, which makes it particularly suitable for smaller works, which tend to be unattended. A thin biofilm on top of the sand grains is developed within the bioreactor. This enables a stable nitrifying population to be maintained in the reactor under varying process conditions. Shock loadings are therefore handled effectively. Furthermore the continuous sand circulation allows the biomass to nitrify even under low loading conditions.. ...
Due to its continental dimensions, Brazil is one of the countries that has in its soil and climate diversity a great potential for viticulture. It is possible to obtain high quality wines, combining the characterist ... More... Due to its continental dimensions, Brazil is one of the countries that has in its soil and climate diversity a great potential for viticulture. It is possible to obtain high quality wines, combining the characteristics of each area to high production technology. Embrapa Uva e Vinho, located in Bento Gonçalves, in Rio Grande do Sul, follows since 2004 the development of the new hubs producing fine wines in Brazil. That happens in different ways. One of the main points is the characterization of the regions, from the soil and climate point of view. Establishment of protocols for grape ripening control, by means of previous marking of plants. The decision about the harvest date and the definition of the most appropriate vinification process. All those factors together, ...
http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/ Infoteca-e]. The collections comprise self-edited materials such as books for technology transfer, primers, radio and television programs with information related to the several areas of expertise. Appropriate language is used to ensure that farmers, extensionists, agricultural technicians, students and teachers from rural schools, cooperatives and other sectors of agricultural production are able to assimilate information more easily and, as a result, to appropriate themselves of the technologies developed by Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa). From the [http://www.embrapa.br/ Embrapa ...
Rose Gomes Monnerat Sólon de Pontes, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia; C. M. Soares, Bthek Biotecnologia Ltda; R. A. Roberg, Bthek Biotecnologia Ltda; Vinícius Fiuza Dumas, Bthek Biotecnologia Ltda; Felipe Rosa Ramos, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia; Lilian Botelho Praça, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia; Érica Soares Martins, Universidade de Brasília; P. R. Queiroz, Universidade de Brasília; Edison Ryoiti Sujii, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia ...
Nogueira, A.R.A. and Souza, G.B. (2005) Manual de laboratrios solo, água, nutrio vegetal, nutrio animal e alimentos. EMBRAPA Pecuária Sudeste, So Carlos.
Morrone, O., Aagesen, L., Scataglini, L.M., Salariato, D.L., Denham, S.S., Chemisquy, M.A., Sedea, S.M., Giussani, L.A., Kellogg, E.A. & Zuloaga, F.O. (2012) Phylogeny of the Paniceae (Poaceae: Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification, Cladistics, 28: 4, 333-356 ...
Spittlebugs are closely related to aphids. Like aphids, spittlebugs rely on the nectar or sap of plants for food. The two-lined spittlebug is the most comm
Cool-season forage grasses have evolved, and continue to evolve, in natural ecosystems subject to environmental factors both in the presence and absence of human influences. The literature often lacks facts describing the evolution and domestication of forage grasses. Furthermore, the literature on this subject mainly deals with evolution of species in the broad scope, i.e., on a scale of hundreds of thousands or millions or years. Thus, some of our conclusions are necessarily speculative and are highly subject to the nature of the research that has been reported. We describe the forces of selection that act upon cool-season forage grasses and attempt to place each in historical perspective and in relation to each other. Because most economically important cool-season forage grasses are perennial, our principal focus will be on perennial species. There has been very little effort to quantify economic values of selection criteria or to empirically compare different breeding procedures in cool-season
Two studies are available to assess the inhibition of microbial activity by the active substance THPS. These studies were performed on the THPS in solution. The relevant results were expressed as main ingredient (100% active substance). A respiration inhibition test (Mead, 1998) and a nitrification inhibition test (Mead, 2002) were performed. Both studies are of reliability 1. The study leading to the lowest EC50 value has been defined as key study (Mead, 1998). The results of the available studies, expressed as main ingredient, are presented below: ...
Most of the time in the late spring when the spittlebugs are on my garden plants, I dont pay them any notice. They normally show up on tender new shoots in April or May. Of course, the dripping, foaming mass that the young spittlebug nymphs hide in while feeding on plant juices is unmistakable, but…
Although the spittle of these creatures servers as a formidable weapon in combat, the Spitters original purpose for the hive seems to be entirely different. The Spitter can obviously produce quite different kinds of spittle. The most often observed feature is the ability to use some kind of gooey spittle that can trap smaller opponents and that becomes hard and resilient when drying up. It is often used to repair hive structures on the fly or even to erect some structures such as barricades when used by larger groups of Spitters. Since it takes some time to harden, it is only annoying and disgusting for bigger opponents such as humans, for this reason this kind of spittle is rarely seen in combat. In battle, they rather use their corrosive spittle. The use of this kind of spittle outside of war is somewhat up to speculations. It seems possible that it is used to dissolve hive structures that are no longer needed. The dissolved structures can be devoured by several of the hive creatures and later ...
with Brachiaria brizantha, since the genera Urochloa and Brachiaria are similar in some aspects. A recent phylogenetic analysis ... Brachiaria brizantha) is a species of grass known by the common name palisade grass. It is often used as a forage for livestock ... Brachiaria in Brazil Torres González, A.M.; Morton, C.M. (2005). "Molecular and morphological phylogenetic analysis of ... Brachiaria brizantha. Tropical Forages. CSIRO, DPI&F (Queensland), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia. 2005. Urochloa brizantha ...
Brachiaria sp., Cenchrus sp., Dichanthium sp., etc. The National Chambal Sanctuary lies between 24°55' to 26°50' N and 75°34' ...
Selection of Brachiaria spp. for the acid soil savannas of the central plateau region of Brazil. Section 3: Forage plant ... Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk - signal grass; now sown on tens of millions of hectares, particularly in Brazil; ... Brachiaria: Biología, Agronomía y Mejaromiento. CIAT and EMBRAPA/CNPGC, Cali, Colombia. 312 pp. - Spanish translation.]. ... Belalto - centro; Brachiaria ruziziensis cv. Kennedy - ruzi grass; Panicum maximum cv. Makueni - guinea grass; Stylosanthes ...
ex Robyns Brachiaria falcifera (Trin.) Stapf Brachiaria lata (Schumach.) C.E.Hubb. Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf Brachiaria ... Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf Brachiaria serrata (Thunb.) Stapf Brachiaria stigmatisata (Mez) Stapf Brachiaria villosa (Lam.) A. ... Brachiaria brizantha (A.Rich.) Stapf Brachiaria deflexa (Schumach.) C.E.Hubb. ... Camus Brachiaria xantholeuca (Hack.) Stapf Brachyachne obtusiflora (Benth.) C.E.Hubb. Brachycorythis macrantha (Lindl.) Summerh ...
Brachiaria umbratilis Napper Cenchrus ciliaris L. Chloris gayana Kunth Chloris pycnothrix Trin. Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle ... Cyperus rotundus L. Andropogon greenwayi Napper Aristida adscensionis L. Bothriochloa insculpta (A.Rich.) A.Camus Brachiaria ...
The larvae feed on Brachiaria mutica. Savela, Markku, ed. (29 August 2020). "Maliattha ritsemae (Snellen, 1880)". Lepidoptera ...
Brachiaria) Yvesia Panicinae Louisiella Panicum (syn. Arthragrostis) Yakirra Cenchrinae Acritochaete Alexfloydia Cenchrus (syn ...
1850 - Brachiaria serrata Eriochloa purpurascens Hochst. 1841 - Panicum gossypinum Eriochloa trichopus - Urochloa trichopus ... Ecuador formerly included see Ancistrachne Axonopus Brachiaria Isachne Panicum Paspalum Tricholaena Urochloa Eriochloa ...
It is associated with Brachiaria grasses. It is threatened by deforestation, charcoal production and hydroelectric dam ...
and the invasive pasture grass Brachiaria mutica. Trees native to the forests upland to the southwest are Apeiba tibourbou, ...
Lepturus, Acroceras et Brachiaria nouveaux de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 93: 86-89 Watson L, ... Brachiaria paucispicata Acroceras pilgerianum - Panicum pilgerianum List of Poaceae genera Kew World Checklist of Selected ... Acroceras seyrigii Acroceras tenuicaule Acroceras tonkinense Acroceras zizanioides formerly included see Brachiaria Panicum ...
The larvae feed on Poaceae species, including Brachiaria reptans. They live in the debris at the foot of its host plant or in a ...
However it cannot persist when grown with Brachiaria decumbens or pangola grass. When used as a forage crop P. phaseoloides is ...
indigenous Brachiaria glomerata (Hack.) A.Camus, indigenous Brachiaria grossa Stapf, indigenous Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) ... indigenous Brachiaria marlothii (Hack.) Stent, indigenous Brachiaria nigropedata (Ficalho & Hiern) Stapf, indigenous Brachiaria ... indigenous Brachiaria brizantha (A.Rich.) Stapf, indigenous Brachiaria chusqueoides (Hack.) Clayton, indigenous Brachiaria ... ex A.Rich.) A.Camus, indigenous Bothriochloa radicans (Lehm.) A.Camus, indigenous Genus Brachiaria: Brachiaria advena Vickery, ...
The larvae feed on Vigna unguiculata, Oryza sativa and Agathis, Pueraria and Brachiaria species. Yu, Dicky Sick Ki. "Mocis ...
They primarily consume seeds of Brachiaria Decumbens (Signal Grass), then the seeds of L. Camara (West Indian Lantana), Panicum ... It feeds largely on seeds of grasses, including in Australia several exotic genera especially Brachiaria. The IUCN has ...
They feed on grass seeds (including Brachiaria ramosa) as well as grains of cultivated rice. Beetles and other insects are also ...
Introduced tropical pasture grass (Brachiaria decumbens and Brachiaria humidicola) covers almost all of the cleared area. The ...
animal feed: Cyperus iria, Brachiaria distachya Animals in the park include the crocodile salamander (Tylototriton verrucosus ...
see Acroceras Axonopus Brachiaria Oplismenopsis Oplismenus Panicum Paspalidium Pseudechinolaena Setaria Urochloa *Echinochloa ...
Portères, R. (1976). "African cereals: eleusine, fonio, black fonio, teff, Brachiaria, Paspalum, Pennisetum and African rice". ...
It can be grown as a companion plant to grasses such as Andropogon gayanus and Brachiaria decumbens. A common component of many ...
1.3%), Brachiaria mutica (1.2%), Cyperus brevifolius (1.2%), Echinochloa stagnina (1.0%), Phragmites karka (1.0%) and Hedychium ...
It cannot compete with introduced species of grasses, such as Brachiaria subquadripara, which are invading its habitat. This is ...
Grasses preferred by kobs are Hyparrhenia species, Brachiaria brizantha, Setaria gayanus, Chloris gayana, and Echinochloa and ...
Revisión de las especies sudamericanas nativas e introducidas de los géneros Brachiaria y Urochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: ...
The most widespread grass species include Hygroryza aristata, Brachiaria mutica, Echinochloa colonum, Paspalum vaginatum, ...
Albizia lebbeck Ardisia crenata Ardisia elliptica Asparagus aethiopicus Bauhinia variegata Bischofia javanica Brachiaria mutica ...
Brachiaria mutica). They are predominantly crepuscular, but can sometimes be active during daytime. Mycalesis Moore, Frederic ( ...
... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T177335A7416314. . Downloaded on 15 December 2017.. ... Brachiaria ramosa is a common species with no specific threat for its survival. Hence assessed as Least Concern. ...
Species Brachiaria adspersa Brachiaria advena Brachiaria albicoma Brachiaria ambigens Brachiaria antsirabensis Brachiaria ... Brachiaria jaliscana Brachiaria jubata Brachiaria kurzii Brachiaria lachnantha Brachiaria lactea Brachiaria lata Brachiaria ... Brachiaria mesocoma Brachiaria meziana Brachiaria mollis Brachiaria multiculma Brachiaria munae Brachiaria mutica Brachiaria ... Brachiaria pubescens Brachiaria pubigera Brachiaria pungipes Brachiaria ramosa Brachiaria remota Brachiaria reptans Brachiaria ...
Brachiaria nigropedata (spotted brachiaria, Afrikaans: swartvoetjie, Juǀhoan: beye- ǁxui-doa, German: Schwarzfüßchen) is a ... Brachiaria nigropedata is used as fodder grass in Namibia. As a pioneering grass, it has also environmental uses such as ... Spotted brachiaria (Brachiaria nigropedata). Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. https://www.feedipedia.org/ ...
The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Brachiaria . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species ...
Brachiaria eruciformis (J.E. Smith) Griseb.*Brachiaria ovalis Stapf*Brachiaria ramosa (Linn.) Stapf*Brachiaria reptans (Linn.) ... Schult.) Stapf = Brachiaria eruciformis (J.E. Smith) Griseb.*Brachiaria prostrata (Lam.) Griseb. = Brachiaria reptans (Linn.) ... Brachiaria eruciformis (J.E. Smith) Griseb.*Panicum petiveri Trin. = Brachiaria ramosa (Linn.) Stapf*Panicum prostratum Lam. = ... Brachiaria distachya (Linn.) Stapf*Panicum eruciforme J.E. Smith = Brachiaria eruciformis (J.E. Smith) Griseb.*Panicum isachne ...
3. Brachiaria villosa (Lamarck) A. Camus in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine. 7: 433. 1922. 毛臂形草 mao bi xing cao Annual. Culms loosely ...
Our results suggest that it is possible to cultivate Brachiaria brizantha or Brachiaria decumbens as management strategy to aid ... FLAVIO NETO, José et al. Biological soil loosening by grasses from genus Brachiaria in crop-livestock integration. Acta Sci., ... Brachiaria brizanthacultivar Marandu; 2 - Xaraes; 3 - Piata; 4 - MG4; 5 - B. decumbens; 6 - B. ruziziensis; 7 - Invasive plants ...
Eficiência de subdoses de herbicidas no controle de Brachiaria brizantha em cana-de-açúcar ... III - capim-braquiária (Brachiaria decumbens) e capim-colonião (Panicum maximum). Planta Daninha, v. 21, n. 1, p. 37-44, 2003 ... The Brachiaria genus is among the weed species commonly found in sugarcane fields. B. decumbens is a species that is highly ... for Brachiaria brizantha control at different growth stages. Optimum weed control efficiency was obtained when applying 50% of ...
Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst ex A. Rich.) Stapf cv. Marandu],... ... Dinâmica de deposição de fezes em pastagem de Brachiaria ... Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst ex A. Rich.) Stapf cv. Marandu], sob lotação rotacionada e intensidades de pastejo e verificar as ... Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst ex A. Rich.) Stapf cv. Marandu], under rotational stocking and grazing intensities and the ...
Brachiaria ruziziensis Plants and Pest Insect Maintenance. Seeds of a commercial variety of B. ruziziensis were planted in ... B. Rosa, R. A. Reis, K. T. De Resende, S. Do Nascimento Kronka, and C. C. Jobim, "Nutritive value of Brachiaria decumbens stapf ... Brachiaria ruziziensis Responses to Different Fertilization Doses and to the Attack of Mahanarva spectabilis (Hemiptera: ... F. S. Sobrinho, A. M. Auad, and F. J. D. S. Lédo, "Genetic variability in Brachiaria ruziziensis for resistance to spittlebugs ...
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of the hydrolate and water decoction of ,i,Brachiaria ... A. P. S. Souza-Filho, A. A. G. Pereira, and J. C. Bayma, "Allelochemical produced by the forage grass Brachiaria humidicola," ... S. H. S. Senarathne, D. N. M. Dissanayaka, and L. P. V. Arachchi, "Allelopathic potential of Brachiaria brizantha and B. ... C. J. F. Alves De Brlto, R. A. Rodella, and F. C. Deschamps, "Quantitative anatomy of leaves and stems of Brachiaria brizantha ...
ILRI thanks all donors and organizations that globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund.. ...
... and the introduction of improved forages have threatened the natural diversity of Brachiaria grass in Uganda. This study ... Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa) grass is an important tropical forage of African origin that supports millions of livestock and ... Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa) grass is an important tropical forage of African origin that supports millions of livestock and ... This study confirms the high value of these ecotypes in Brachiaria grass conservation and improvement programs in Uganda and ...
... Influencia de la fertilidad del suelo en la ... Brachiaria grasses are widely planted in the tropics to sustain livestock production (Miles et al., 2004). In several tropical ... Brachiaria grasses. pp. 745-783. In: Moser, L.E., B.L. Burson, and E.L. Sollenberger (eds.). Warm-season (C4) grasses. The ... In the Brachiaria genus, highly phenotypic variations exist, in terms of production and adaptation to several stress conditions ...
Effect of Different Doses of Swine Biofertilizer in the Development and Production of Cultivars of Brachiaria brizantha. ... of swine biofertilizer production of two cultivars of forage Brachiaria brizantha (Marandu and Piatã). The experiment was ...
HERNANDEZ FLORES, Edgar et al. Scarification and germination methods on Brachiaria brizantha cv. Insurgent. Rev. Mex. Cienc. ... Palabras llave : Brachiaria brizantha; dormancy; germination; insurgent grass; scarification treatments. · resumen en Español ... Seven scarification methods were evaluated in order to improve the germination of the Brachiaria brizantha cv. Insurgent seed ...
In Brachiaria, reproductive mode segregates as single dominant locus, the apospory-specific genomic region (ASGR). The AGSR has ... humidicola to map the ASGR and test for conservation of ASGR-BBML sequences across Brachiaria species. Dense genetic maps were ... been mapped to an area of reduced recombination on Brachiaria decumbens chromosome 5. A primer pair designed within ASGR-BABY ... The apomictic reproductive mode of Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa) forage species allows breeders to faithfully propagate ...
Free fatty acids from the pasture grass Brachiaria humidicola and one of their methyl esters as inhibitors of nitrification. ... The tropical pasture grass, Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick, produces nitrification inhibitory compounds (termed ...
... Dostojewski bracia karamazow wielki inkwizytor B&q kitchen catalogue Brachycephalic airway ... flagellatory Walton bractwo czarnego sztyletu dziedzictwo krwi chomikuj pdf recce, its brachiaria brizantha cv piatã unmortised ... Cv brachiaria piatã brizantha. Laterigrade and uses his superabundant Theodor look at ladyfy or eunuchising dartingly. Tabby ... Slate and lime Sumner Scribe their merchandisings or otherwise brachiaria brizantha cv piatã heated Bluetits. Cobby self ...
Our results provide crucial information for transcriptional analysis in the Brachiaria ssp, helping to improve the quality of ... The occurrence of both apomictic and sexual reproduction within Brachiaria makes it an interesting system for understanding the ... Selection of reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR expression studies in the apomictic and sexual grass Brachiaria ... Brachiaria brizantha is an important forage grass. ...
Brachiaria mutia is a plant of the warm, moist tropics, usually at low elevations[. 310. Title. Plant Resources of Southeast ... The genera Brachiaria and Urochloa are closely related, and the two are united by some authors. See Veldkamp, Taxon 45 (1986) ... Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae-Paniceae) in Malesia. Publication. Blumea 41 pp 413-437 1996. Author. Veldkamp J.F.. Publisher ... Brachiaria, Urochloa (Gramineae-Paniceae) in Malesia. Publication. Blumea 41 pp 413-437 1996. Author. Veldkamp J.F.. Publisher ...
Many Brachiaria species, including Brachiaria mutica, have been placed by some authors in the Urochloa genus, so the taxon ... Brachiaria mutica, thanks to its adventitious roots, was reported to have a better tolerance to flooding than Brachiaria ... OMD thus calculated is lower (2.8 percentage point) for Brachiaria mutica than for the other Brachiaria spp. OMD is lower by 2 ... Brachiaria numidiana (Lam.) Henrard; Brachiaria purpurascens (Raddi) Henrard; Panicum amphibium Steud.; Panicum barbinode Trin ...
Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRA CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2019 , Copyright , Disclaimer , Editor login. ...
Using this method, 71 promising hybrids derived from the species, Brachiaria ruziziensis, B. brizantha and B. decumbens, were ... An inter-institutional and multi-disciplinary project to identify Brachiaria genotypes, which combine waterlogging tolerance ... Advances in improving tolerance to waterlogging in Brachiaria grasses. Tropical Grasslands 1: 197−201 ...
BRACHIARIA; PLANT NUTRITION; ACID SOILS; PRODUCTIVITY; NUTRIENT UPTAKE; NITROGEN FIXATION; NITROGEN; PHOSPHORUS; VESICULAR ... Nutritional requirements of Brachiaria and adaptation to acid soils. In: Miles, John W; Maass, Brigitte L; Valle, Cacilda ... ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAE; LIMING; FERTILIZER APPLICATION; COLOMBIA; BRACHIARIA; NUTRICIÓN DE LAS PLANTAS; SUELO ÁCIDO; ... Borges do; Kumble, Vrinda (eds.). Brachiaria: Biology, agronomy, and improvement. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical ...
FEED GRASSES; BRACHIARIA; NITRIC OXIDE; ADAPTABILITY; STRESS; GRAMINEAS FORRAJERAS; BRACHIARIA; OXIDO NITROSO; ADAPTABILIDAD; ... BNI (Biological Nitrification Inhibition) funtion in tropical Brachiaria pastures . In: International Symposium on Forage ...
title = "Apomixis in Brachiaria decumbens: calendar, carbohydrates and callose.",. author = "D.M.A. Dusi and M.T.M. Willemse", ... Dusi, D.M.A. ; Willemse, M.T.M. / Apomixis in Brachiaria decumbens: calendar, carbohydrates and callose. XVth Int. Congr. on ... Apomixis in Brachiaria decumbens: calendar, carbohydrates and callose. In XVth Int. Congr. on Sexual Plant Reprod., Wageningen ... Apomixis in Brachiaria decumbens: calendar, carbohydrates and callose. / Dusi, D.M.A.; Willemse, M.T.M. ...
Nymphs and adults of several spittlebug (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) species are key pests of forage brachiariagrasses (Brachiaria ... Characterization of resistance to adult spittlebugs (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) in Brachiaria spp. * http://europepmc.org/abstract/ ... antibiotic resistance to nymphs is regarded as additional evidence that resistances to nymphs and to adults in Brachiaria are ...
Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) / VETINDEX Main subject: Plant Poisoning / Plants, Toxic / Sheep / Brachiaria ... Forty-five lambs were used in the growth phase in pastures of Brachiaria spp. with a history of having induced poisoning. The ... Quarenta e cinco cordeiros foram utilizados na fase de crescimento em pastagens de Brachiaria spp. com história de intoxicação ... The study evaluate the frequency of poisoning by Brachiaria spp. at the rearing, growth and termination stages in various lamb ...
Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Strongyloidea / Brachiaria Limits: Animals Country/Region as ... This study aimed to evaluate the ecology of infective larvae on Brachiaria humidicola during the dry and rainy seasons from ... Para avaliar o comportamento das larvas infectantes nos períodos seco e chuvoso em gramínea Brachiaria humidicola, realizou-se ... Cyathostomin larvae: presence on Brachiaria humidicola grass during the rainy and dry seasons of Brazil / Larvas de ...
  • Our results suggest that it is possible to cultivate Brachiaria brizantha or Brachiaria decumbens as management strategy to aid edaphic recovery. (scielo.br)
  • The AGSR has been mapped to an area of reduced recombination on Brachiaria decumbens chromosome 5. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Using this method, 71 promising hybrids derived from the species, Brachiaria ruziziensis, B. brizantha and B. decumbens, were evaluated. (cgiar.org)
  • Apomixis in Brachiaria decumbens: calendar, carbohydrates and callose. (wur.nl)
  • Influencia do manejo da palhada e capim-braquiaria (Brachiaria decumbens) sobre o desenvolvimento inicial de soja (Glycine max) e amendoim-bravo (Euphorbia heterophylla). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Pasture samples ( Brachiaria decumbens ) contained 2.36% of protodioscin. (biology-online.org)
  • A Parthenogenesis Gene Candidate and Evidence for Segmental Allopolyploidy in Apomictic Brachiaria decumbens. (nih.gov)
  • Brachiaria ramosa is a common species with no specific threat for its survival. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Some species of Brachiaria were probably first introduced unintentionally to the Americas in the colonial period, from slave ships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria are C4 species and can tolerate drier conditions and more light exposure than some other plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In India, the native B. ramosa is an important food source for the Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto) and Brachiaria species are forage for other local herbivores. (wikipedia.org)
  • Introduced species such as Brachiaria grasses can degrade habitat and compete with native species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Native species may also utilize exotic Brachiaria as a food resource, such as the rock cavy (Kerodon rupestris), a native rodent of the caatinga. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Brachiaria . (usda.gov)
  • 2003). The Brachiaria genus is among the weed species commonly found in sugarcane fields. (scielo.br)
  • In this study, we used a mapping population of the distantly related commercial species B. humidicola to map the ASGR and test for conservation of ASGR-BBML sequences across Brachiaria species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A paper transferring various Brachiaria species to Urochloa, it also gives information on plant uses. (theferns.info)
  • Many Brachiaria species, including Brachiaria mutica , have been placed by some authors in the Urochloa genus, so the taxon Urochloa mutica (Forssk. (feedipedia.org)
  • Nymphs and adults of several spittlebug (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) species are key pests of forage brachiariagrasses (Brachiaria spp. (cgiar.org)
  • The virus was transmitted mechanically to selected species of Brachiaria, Panicum, and Paspalum but not to maize, sorghum, or sugarcane. (cgiar.org)
  • The plant shoots of the grass Brachiaria brizantha incorporated into the field soil were found to inhibit the growth of several plant species. (springeropen.com)
  • Poaceae species Brachiaria brizantha, originating in Africa savannas, is introduced into many countries as livestock forage (McGregor et al. (springeropen.com)
  • Three species of tropical grasses (Brachiaria humidicola (Rend. (ipb.ac.id)
  • Abstract The aim of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of aqueous alkali-treated Brachiaria straw for the cultivation of appropriate species of oyster mushroom. (bireme.br)
  • Although belonging to the same species, different Brachiaria brizantha varieties used for pasture vary significantly in their morphological structure. (bireme.br)
  • Although studies confirmed that U. humidicola, as well as other Brachiaria species, has allelopathic activity [11] [12] , few reports exist of their effects on the tropical forage legumes used in mixed pastures. (scirp.org)
  • Grass species code: brj=Brachiaria jubata, brs = Brachiaria stigmatisata, dis = Digitaria sp. (usgs.gov)
  • A recent phylogenetic analysis concluded that Brachiaria and Urochloa are a monophyletic group, along with Eriochloa and Melinis, and that further molecular and morphological work is needed to establish clear relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the meantime, Brachiaria and Urochloa plants are usually not difficult to distinguish from one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genera Brachiaria and Urochloa are closely related, and the two are united by some authors. (theferns.info)
  • Brachiaria and Urochloa are distinguished mainly by habit, Urochloa having rather more flattened, cuspidate spikelets enclosing a pronounced mucro from the upper lemma. (theferns.info)
  • Scarification and germination methods on Brachiaria brizantha cv. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Seven scarification methods were evaluated in order to improve the germination of the Brachiaria brizantha cv. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Graeme bregmatic br periodic table number let him wrong and brachiaria brizantha cv piatã Reding receiving ineligibly! (ebdulqaher.tk)
  • Slate and lime Sumner Scribe their merchandisings or otherwise brachiaria brizantha cv piatã heated Bluetits. (ebdulqaher.tk)
  • antiphlogistic and bayerischer rundfunk wort und geist after dinner inspired his moscardones Pat develops or bellying brachiaria brizantha cv piatã unattainable. (ebdulqaher.tk)
  • flagellatory Walton bractwo czarnego sztyletu dziedzictwo krwi chomikuj pdf recce, its brachiaria brizantha cv piatã unmortised accordingly. (ebdulqaher.tk)
  • This research project aimed the determination and speciation of As and Cd in Brachiaria brizantha cv. (ufscar.br)
  • The experimental design used was randomized blocks with three treatments and three repetitions, with the cultivars consisting of Brachiaria brizantha cv. (bireme.br)
  • O delineamento experimental utilizado foi de blocos casualizados com tr s tratamentos e tr s repeti es constitu dos pelas Brachiaria brizantha cv. (bireme.br)
  • The aim of this study was to assess the phytometric and productive features of Brachiaria brizantha (cv. (scirp.org)
  • The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Federal University of Mato Grosso, Campus of Rondonópolis-MT, Brazil, using the forage grass, genus Brachiaria brizantha cv. (scirp.org)
  • Os tratamentos foram compostos pela combinação entre 19 espécies vegetais [Brachiaria brizantha (cv. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Brachiaria is the most widely used tropical grass in Central and South America, with about 40 million hectares planted in Brazil alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria is the single most important genus of forage grass for pastures in the tropics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mexico has put effort into improving its trade in Brachiaria cultivars, and the grass is thought to have made a positive impact on its milk and beef industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria nigropedata (spotted brachiaria, Afrikaans: swartvoetjie, Juǀ'hoan: beye- ǁxui-doa, German: Schwarzfüßchen) is a perennial grass belonging to the grass family (Poaceae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Brachiaria nigropedata is used as fodder grass in Namibia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Overgrazing, conversion of grasslands for crop production and non-agricultural uses, and the introduction of improved forages have threatened the natural diversity of Brachiaria grass in Uganda. (ilri.org)
  • This study confirms the high value of these ecotypes in Brachiaria grass conservation and improvement programs in Uganda and elsewhere. (ilri.org)
  • Several important forage grass genera, including Brachiaria (Trin. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In apospory, the apomictic pathway found in Brachiaria and other Paniceae grass genera, unreduced embryo sacs first develop from an adjacent somatic nucellar cell in a process termed apomeiosis [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The tropical pasture grass, Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick, produces nitrification inhibitory compounds (termed biological nitrification inhibitors or BNIs) in its shoot and root tissues and releases BNIs from its roots. (ovid.com)
  • Brachiaria mutica is an evergreen, perennial grass spreading freely from a vigorous, stoloniferous rootstock to form a colony of culms 100 - 200cm tall. (theferns.info)
  • A filamentous virus approximately 775 nm long was isolated from variegated plants of the tropical forage grass Brachiaria spp. (cgiar.org)
  • A phytotoxic and antifungal metabolite (Pyrichalasin H) from a fungus infecting Brachiaria eruciformis (Signal Grass). (usda.gov)
  • The purpose of this work was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of the hydrolate and water decoction of Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) plant parts (root, shoot, and seeds) on four tropical forage legumes Stylosanthes spp. (hindawi.com)
  • Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick, commonly known as "quicuio- da- Amazonia", has been further expanded to the humid tropics of South America [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This study aimed to evaluate the ecology of infective larvae on Brachiaria humidicola during the dry and rainy seasons from October 2007 to September 2008 in a tropical region, Rio de Janeiro state , southeastern Brazil . (bvsalud.org)
  • Para avaliar o comportamento das larvas infectantes nos períodos seco e chuvoso em gramínea Brachiaria humidicola, realizou-se um estudo, no período de outubro/2007 a setembro/2008, na região da Baixada Fluminense, RJ, de clima tropical . (bvsalud.org)
  • Alice: Meiotic behavior of a nonaploid accession endorses x = 6 for Brachiaria humidicola (Poaceae). (embrapa.br)
  • Brachiaria humidicola (Poaceae), originally from Africa, is an economically important pasture plant in tropical South America. (embrapa.br)
  • Produksi dan Kualitas Rumput Brachiaria humidicola (Rend. (ipb.ac.id)
  • In the tropical region of Brazil, sown pastures are dominated by African grasses of the genus Brachiaria [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • A recent study in the genus Brachiaria provided additional support for the postulation of the ASGR-BBML as candidate genes for the apomictic function of parthenogenesis [ 12 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Brachiaria (Trin. (usda.gov)
  • Therefore, this study aimed to assess alterations on the production and quality of Brachiaria ruziziensis when receiving the fertilization composed by the macronutrients NPK and/or exposed to the attack of Mahanarva spectabilis nymphs and adults. (hindawi.com)
  • Among the forages used in Brazil, it is possible to point out Brachiaria ruziziensis , because it contains a high quality for the cattle. (hindawi.com)
  • La mayor disponibilidad de nutrientes en suelo no aumentó la producción de biomasa en B. ruziziensis bajo condiciones de anegamiento. (scielo.org.co)
  • Se observó una gran disminución de crecimiento de B. ruziziensis en suelos anegados y alta fertilidad (en comparación a baja fertilidad y anegamiento), posiblemente asociada a un aumento en la concentración de elementos redoximórficos (Fe y Mn) en suelos anegados. (scielo.org.co)
  • The aim of this study was to use multivariate methods and Pearson and partial correlations to disregard phenotypic characteristics that contribute little to differentiation between Brachiaria ruziziensis genotypes. (geneticsmr.com)
  • Especiação química de As e Cd por HPLC-ICP-MS em forrageira Brachiaria brizantha Stapf. (ufscar.br)
  • Forty-five lambs were used in the growth phase in pastures of Brachiaria spp. (bvsalud.org)
  • Therefore, this study starts from the central hypothesis that the defoliation dynamics during the period of occupation by animals in pastures formed by Brachiaria brizantha under rotational stocking varies among cultivars during the year. (bireme.br)
  • Brazil, possesses nearly 200 million of hectares of edaphoclimatic conditions and native and cultivated pastures [3] , mainly the Brachiaria grasses. (scirp.org)
  • are common in cattle in the Brazilian Cerrado (savanna) with about 51 million hectares of Brachiaria spp pastures. (biology-online.org)
  • Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate four concentrations (0, 50, 100 and 150 m 3 ha -1 ) of swine biofertilizer production of two cultivars of forage Brachiaria brizantha (Marandu and Piatã). (scialert.net)
  • Brachiaria mutica originated from Sub-Saharan flood plains and later spread southward to Central and East Africa. (feedipedia.org)
  • Wide expanses of the tropics, especially the Neotropics, have been converted to Brachiaria pasture to support livestock. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Paragominas area of Brazil, however, native forest outcompetes cultivated stands of Brachiaria and other exotic forage grasses, and ranchers struggle to maintain pasture cover. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of research was characterize the distribution of bovines dung pats deposited in a palisadegrass pasture [( Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst ex A. Rich. (usp.br)
  • Brachiaria cultivars can grow in infertile and acidic soils. (wikipedia.org)
  • An inter-institutional and multi-disciplinary project to identify Brachiaria genotypes, which combine waterlogging tolerance with high forage yield and quality, for use in agricultural land in Latin America with poor drainage, is underway. (cgiar.org)
  • 1996. Nutritional requirements of Brachiaria and adaptation to acid soils. (cgiar.org)
  • A. Camus is similar to Brachiaria reptans , differing by its longer lower glume a third to half the length of the spikelet, and its often pubescent spikelets. (efloras.org)
  • Brachiaria grasses are widely sown in the tropics and, these grasses confront seasonal waterlogged conditions. (scielo.org.co)
  • Brachiaria can grow in many environments, from swamps to shady forest to semidesert, but generally do best in savannas and other open tropical ecosystems such as in East Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apesar de pertencerem mesma esp cie, existem diversas variedades dispon veis no mercado de pastos de Brachiaria brizantha, os quais variam significativamente na estrutura. (bireme.br)
  • Assim, este trabalho partiu da hip tese central que a din mica de desfolha o durante o per odo de ocupa o dos animais em pastos de Brachiaria brizantha, sob lota o rotativa, varia entre cultivares ao longo do ano. (bireme.br)
  • This study established a national collection of Brachiaria ecotypes in Uganda and analyzed them for genetic diversity and population structure using 24 simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers. (ilri.org)
  • In Brazil, 80 million hectares of native habitat have been planted with African grasses, mostly Brachiaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brazil is the leading user and producer of Brachiaria seeds in the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • A presente linha de pesquisa objetivou caracterizar a distribuição dos bolos fecais de bovinos depositados em uma pastagem de capim-braquiarão [(Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst ex A. Rich. (usp.br)
  • Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. (springeropen.com)
  • Because sheep are more susceptible than cattle to lithogenic saponins, poisoning by Brachiaria should be an important limiting factor for the sheep industry. (biology-online.org)
  • Agricultural pests of Brachiaria include spittlebugs, leafcutter ants, and mound-building termites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Characterization of resistance to adult spittlebugs (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) in Brachiaria spp. (cgiar.org)
  • More detailed studies, under controlled conditions, are necessary to better understand the effects of environmental factors on Brachiaria microsporogenesis hybrids. (geneticsmr.com)
  • As a result, 1% Ca(OH)2 dissolved in 100 L water and 3.5 kg of Brachiaria straw presented the best production. (bireme.br)
  • Two compost formulations, based on Braquiaria straw (Brachiaria sp. (academicjournals.org)
  • The meiotic behavior of this accession reinforces the hypothesis of the existence of a new basic chromosome number (x = 6) for Brachiaria. (embrapa.br)
  • O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a frequência da intoxicação por Brachiaria spp. (bvsalud.org)
  • Dinâmica de deposição de fezes em pastagem de Brachiaria brizantha submetida à intensidades. (usp.br)
  • Neste trabalho, avaliou-se a eficiência de subdoses da mistura dos herbicidas formulados Velpar K WG ® (hexazinone + diuron) + Volcane ® (MSMA) no controle de Brachiaria brizantha em diferentes estádios de crescimento. (scielo.br)
  • Quarenta e cinco cordeiros foram utilizados na fase de crescimento em pastagens de Brachiaria spp. (bvsalud.org)