A genus of plant viruses of the family BROMOVIRIDAE, which infect cucurbits and solanaceous plants. Transmission occurs via aphids in a non-persistent manner, and also via seeds. The type species Cucumber mosaic virus, a CUCUMOVIRUS, should not be confused with Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus, a TOBAMOVIRUS.
Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Plant Viral Movement Proteins
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Cucumber Mosaic Virus Satellite
Plants, Genetically Modified
Small, linear single-stranded RNA molecules functionally acting as molecular parasites of certain RNA plant viruses. Satellite RNAs exhibit four characteristic traits: (1) they require helper viruses to replicate; (2) they are unnecessary for the replication of helper viruses; (3) they are encapsidated in the coat protein of the helper virus; (4) they have no extensive sequence homology to the helper virus. Thus they differ from SATELLITE VIRUSES which encode their own coat protein, and from the genomic RNA; (=RNA, VIRAL); of satellite viruses. (From Maramorosch, Viroids and Satellites, 1991, p143)
A family of RNA plant viruses infecting dicotyledons. Transmission is mainly by mechanical inoculation and through propagative plant material. All species elicit formation of multivesicular inclusion bodies. There are at least eight genera: Aureusvirus, Avenavirus, CARMOVIRUS, Dianthovirus, Machlomovirus, Necrovirus, Panicovirus, and TOMBUSVIRUS.
A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.
Amino Acid Sequence
Viruses which lack a complete genome so that they cannot completely replicate or cannot form a protein coat. Some are host-dependent defectives, meaning they can replicate only in cell systems which provide the particular genetic function which they lack. Others, called SATELLITE VIRUSES, are able to replicate only when their genetic defect is complemented by a helper virus.
A family of plant viruses where the VIRION possesses an unusual morphology consisting of a pair of isometric particles. Transmission occurs via leafhoppers or whitefly. Some viruses cause economically important diseases in cultivated plants. There are four genera: Mastrevirus, Curtovirus, Topocuvirus, and BEGOMOVIRUS.
Simian virus 40
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Open Reading Frames
Defective viruses which can multiply only by association with a helper virus which complements the defective gene. Satellite viruses may be associated with certain plant viruses, animal viruses, or bacteriophages. They differ from satellite RNA; (RNA, SATELLITE) in that satellite viruses encode their own coat protein.
Alfalfa mosaic virus
The type species of ALPHAVIRUS normally transmitted to birds by CULEX mosquitoes in Egypt, South Africa, India, Malaya, the Philippines, and Australia. It may be associated with fever in humans. Serotypes (differing by less than 17% in nucleotide sequence) include Babanki, Kyzylagach, and Ockelbo viruses.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype
Tobacco mosaic satellite virus
Gene Expression Regulation, Viral
Nucleic Acid Conformation
Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype
Hepatitis B virus
The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.
West Nile virus
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.
The mechanism by which latent viruses, such as genetically transmitted tumor viruses (PROVIRUSES) or PROPHAGES of lysogenic bacteria, are induced to replicate and then released as infectious viruses. It may be effected by various endogenous and exogenous stimuli, including B-cell LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES, glucocorticoid hormones, halogenated pyrimidines, IONIZING RADIATION, ultraviolet light, and superinfecting viruses.
Viral Structural Proteins
Viral proteins that are components of the mature assembled VIRUS PARTICLES. They may include nucleocapsid core proteins (gag proteins), enzymes packaged within the virus particle (pol proteins), and membrane components (env proteins). These do not include the proteins encoded in the VIRAL GENOME that are produced in infected cells but which are not packaged in the mature virus particle,i.e. the so called non-structural proteins (VIRAL NONSTRUCTURAL PROTEINS).
Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus
The ability of a pathogenic virus to lie dormant within a cell (latent infection). In eukaryotes, subsequent activation and viral replication is thought to be caused by extracellular stimulation of cellular transcription factors. Latency in bacteriophage is maintained by the expression of virally encoded repressors.
Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus
Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Simian immunodeficiency virus
Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.
Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
Green Fluorescent Proteins
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Parainfluenza Virus 1, Human
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Polymerase Chain Reaction
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Hepatitis A virus
Avian Sarcoma Viruses
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).
Viral Plaque Assay
Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.
Inclusion Bodies, Viral
An area showing altered staining behavior in the nucleus or cytoplasm of a virus-infected cell. Some inclusion bodies represent "virus factories" in which viral nucleic acid or protein is being synthesized; others are merely artifacts of fixation and staining. One example, Negri bodies, are found in the cytoplasm or processes of nerve cells in animals that have died from rabies.
Tumor Virus Infections
A species of POLYOMAVIRUS, originally isolated from the brain of a patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. The patient's initials J.C. gave the virus its name. Infection is not accompanied by any apparent illness but serious demyelinating disease can appear later, probably following reactivation of latent virus.
Promoter Regions, Genetic
Avian leukosis virus
3' Untranslated Regions
Moloney murine leukemia virus
5' Untranslated Regions
Yellow fever virus
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Amino Acid Substitution
The naturally occurring or experimentally induced replacement of one or more AMINO ACIDS in a protein with another. If a functionally equivalent amino acid is substituted, the protein may retain wild-type activity. Substitution may also diminish, enhance, or eliminate protein function. Experimentally induced substitution is often used to study enzyme activities and binding site properties.
Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral
Visible morphologic changes in cells infected with viruses. It includes shutdown of cellular RNA and protein synthesis, cell fusion, release of lysosomal enzymes, changes in cell membrane permeability, diffuse changes in intracellular structures, presence of viral inclusion bodies, and chromosomal aberrations. It excludes malignant transformation, which is CELL TRANSFORMATION, VIRAL. Viral cytopathogenic effects provide a valuable method for identifying and classifying the infecting viruses.
Viral Core Proteins
Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human
The type species in the genus NOROVIRUS, first isolated in 1968 from the stools of school children in Norwalk, Ohio, who were suffering from GASTROENTERITIS. The virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein. Multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
A set of three nucleotides in a protein coding sequence that specifies individual amino acids or a termination signal (CODON, TERMINATOR). Most codons are universal, but some organisms do not produce the transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER) complementary to all codons. These codons are referred to as unassigned codons (CODONS, NONSENSE).
Nucleic acid structures found on the 5' end of eukaryotic cellular and viral messenger RNA and some heterogeneous nuclear RNAs. These structures, which are positively charged, protect the above specified RNAs at their termini against attack by phosphatases and other nucleases and promote mRNA function at the level of initiation of translation. Analogs of the RNA caps (RNA CAP ANALOGS), which lack the positive charge, inhibit the initiation of protein synthesis.
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Soybean mosaic virus
BPMV) as plants infected with both viruses show drastically more severe symptoms than plants infected with only one virus. SMV ... "Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus". WISCONSIN FIELD CROPS PATHOLOGY. Retrieved 2017-12-11. Maroof, Saghai; A, M.; ... Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is a member of the plant virus genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae). It infects mainly plants ... Calvert LA, Ghabrial SA (1983). "Enhancement by Soybean mosaic virus of Bean pod mottle virus Titer in Doubly Infected Soybean ...
Bean pod mottle virus : Crop Diseases : University of Minnesota Extension
BPMV can interact with the soybean mosaic virus to create severe symptoms in plants infected by both viruses. BPMV may also be ... Bean Pod Mottle Virus. Fundamentals:. Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) is widespread viral disease in the U.S soybean growing areas ... The causal agent of BPMV is a virus. The disease is transmitted by leaf-feeding beetles, such as the bean leaf beetle and the ... The virus can also be transmitted sap and by infected seed, but seed transmission rates are very low and have been estimated to ...
Bean Pod Mottle Virus - WISCONSIN FIELD CROPS PATHOLOGY
BPMV) is a virus disease spread primarily by the bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata. Seed transmission is al ... Bean Pod Mottle Virus. The mosaic pattern in these soybean leaves is due to infection by Bean pod mottle virus. Photo credit: ... A synergistic reaction occurs when plants are infected with both BPMV and Soybean mosaic virus. Reduction in yield is much ... Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) is a virus disease spread primarily by the bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata. Seed ...
Bean leaf beetle (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae) management for reduction of bean pod mottle virus
2], soybean, mosaic-virus, cerotoma-trifurcata, injury, iowa, phomopsis, infection, disease, glycine, seeds, gene. Summary:Bean ... pod mottle virus (BPMV) is a management concern for Soybean, Glycine max (L.), producers in the North Central states because it ... Bean leaf beetle (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae) management for reduction of bean pod mottle virus . Paper:43. Year:2004. ... The main vector of BPMV is the bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata (Forster). An experiment was conducted in 2000 and 2001 at ...
First Report of Bean pod mottle virus in Soybean in Ohio
... A. E. Dorrance , D. T. Gordon , and A. F. Schmitthenner , Department ... isolate of BPMV and to an Ohio isolate of Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) prepared in 1967, both stored at −20°C. Diseased and non- ... Previous surveys in Ohio of viruses infecting soybean failed to identify Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) and soybean virus ... by ELISA and for Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV) and Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) by a host-range symptom assay; SMV, BYMV and ...
Soybean Vein Necrosis Virus | Pioneer Seeds
Early symptoms of soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV) are light green to yellow patches near the main leaf veins. Learn more ... bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) or other soybean viruses or pathogens. ... Soybean growth and yield may be severely reduced in susceptible varieties or where infections occur with soybean mosaic virus ( ... Thrips acquire the virus, resulting in virus transmission throughout their life.. *Infected thrips feed on soybean plants ...
Structural fingerprinting: subgrouping of comoviruses by structural studies of red clover mottle virus to 2.4-A resolution and...
... a group of picornavirus-like plant viruses. The X-ray structure of RCMV strain S has been determined and refined to 2.4 A. The ... overall structure of RCMV is similar to that of two other comoviruses, Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) and Bean pod … ... Red clover mottle virus (RCMV) is a member of the comoviruses, ... Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) and Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV). ... Red clover mottle virus (RCMV) is a member of the comoviruses, a group of picornavirus-like plant viruses. The X-ray structure ...
2011 Potomac Division Meeting Abstracts
Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) and Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) are two of the most prevalent viruses affecting soybean production ... Within-field temporal and spatial dynamics in the Soybean mosaic virus - aphid and Bean pod mottle virus - beetle soybean ... Rates of temporal spread for BPMV were very similar and ranged from 0.5 to 0.13 logits per day (with doubling times of 14.1 to ... worldwide, resulting in losses of up to 35% (SMV) and 52% (BPMV). Both viruses are vectored by insects (aphids and bean leaf ...
Soybean mosaic virus - Wikipedia
BPMV) as plants infected with both viruses show drastically more severe symptoms than plants infected with only one virus. SMV ... "Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus". WISCONSIN FIELD CROPS PATHOLOGY. Retrieved 2017-12-11. Maroof, Saghai; A, M.; ... Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is a member of the plant virus genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae). It infects mainly plants ... Calvert LA, Ghabrial SA (1983). "Enhancement by Soybean mosaic virus of Bean pod mottle virus Titer in Doubly Infected Soybean ...
Differentiation Study between Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Red Clover Mottle Virus Affecting Broad Bean by Biological and Molecular...
Differentiation Study between Alfalfa Mosaic Virus and Red Clover Mottle Virus Affecting Broad Bean by Biological and Molecular ... Squash mosaic virus of RdRp (SqMV-RdRp, CAG27555), Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV-R, ABP96717), Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV-P, ... Bean pod mottle virus of subgroup II (BPMV-II, AAW69769), Radish mosaic virus isolate 1 (RaMV1, ACE06773), Radish mosaic virus ... Radish mosaic virus of California strain (RaMV-Ca, BAG84602), Radish mosaic virus (RaMV-R, AAY32935), Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV ...
Get PDF - Structural fingerprinting: subgrouping of comoviruses by structural studies of red clover mottle virus to 2.4-A...
... subgrouping of comoviruses by structural studies of red clover mottle virus to 2.4-A resolution and comparisons with other ... Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) and Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV). The sequence of the coat proteins of RCMV strain O were modeled ... Virus Genes 18(2): 129-137, 1999. Nucleotide sequence and genetic map of cowpea severe mosaic virus RNA 2 and comparisons with ... Cowpea mosaic virus-encoded protease does not recognize primary translation products of M RNAs from other comoviruses. Journal ...
통합 검색 | Korea Science
... or infected with both BPMV and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) and in transgenic soybean plants expressing SMV helper component- ... Soybean mosaic virus Infection and Helper Component-protease Enhance Accumulation of Bean pod mottle virus-Specific siRNAs * ... Soybean plants infected with Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) develop acute symptoms that usually decrease in severity over time. ... Plants infected with both BPMV and SMV and BPMV-infected transgenic soybean plants expressing SMV HC-Pro exhibited severe ...
Frontiers | Small RNA Based Genetic Engineering for Plant Viral Resistance: Application in Crop Protection | Microbiology
Small RNA based genetic engineering (SRGE) technology had been explored for crop protection against viruses for nearly thirty ... Small RNA based genetic engineering (SRGE) technology had been explored for crop protection against viruses for nearly thirty ... its efficacy in different crops for different viruses and its application status in different crops. The challenge and ... its efficacy in different crops for different viruses and its application status in different crops. The challenge and ...
rna: Topics by WorldWideScience.org
... virus B (GVB), Grapevine virus D (GVD), Grapevine fleck virus (GFkV), Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV), Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV ... Moreover, the BRMV-PR isolate showed 39 and 44% homology with CPSMV and Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV), respectively. This work ... Grapevine fleck virus (GFkV), Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV), Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV), Grapevine chrome mosaic virus (GCMV ... Bean rugose mosaic virus (BRMV) has been found in mixed infections with Bean golden mosaic virus (BGMV) increasing the severity ...
Occurrences of Soybean Viruses, Fungal Diseases, and Pests in Illinois Soybean Rust Sentinel Plots
BPMV) is the most prevalent virus infecting soybean (1). Other soybean-infecting viruses in Illinois include Alfalfa mosaic ... Alfalfa mosaic virus, B = Bean pod mottle virus, Sb = Soybean dwarf virus, Sm = Soybean mosaic virus, Tr = Tobacco ringspot ... virus (AMV), Soybean dwarf virus (SbDV), Soybean mosaic virus (SMV), Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV), and Tobacco streak virus ( ... In the intensive surveys, BPMV, SbDV, and AMV were the three most frequently detected viruses in commercial soybean fields (Fig ...
Capturing Enveloped Viruses on Affinity Grids for Downstream Cryo- Electron Microscopy Applications
Assessing the Distribution and Impact of Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) as a Re-emerging Virus, and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) in ... The relationship of peanut stunt virus to cucumber mosaic virus and aspermy viruses of tomato and chrysanthemum Groelke, John ... Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV, Genus Comovirus, Family: Comoviridae)is an important virus in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill), ... Mixed Infection of Strawberry Mottle Virus and Strawberry Mild Yellow Edge Virus in the Southeastern United States Samtani, ...
Identifying Common Soybean Diseases During Vegetative Growth
Plant infection by BPMV and soybean mosaic virus (SMV), vectored by soybean aphid, may cause severe dwarfing, foliar distortion ... Soybean Mosaic Virus (SMV) Figure 17. Soybean mosaic virus symptoms. Picture courtesy of Daren Mueller, Iowa State University, ... Bean Pod Mottle Virus (BPMV) Figure 16. Bean pod mottle virus symptoms on soybean leaf. Picture courtesy of Edward Sikora, ... Plant infection by SMV and bean pod mottle virus (BPMV), vectored by bean leaf beetle, may cause severe dwarfing, foliar ...
Plant Virus Diagnostics: Comparison of classical and membrane-based techniques for immunoassay and coat protein sequence...
Assessing the Distribution and Impact of Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) as a Re-emerging Virus, and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) in ... The relationship of peanut stunt virus to cucumber mosaic virus and aspermy viruses of tomato and chrysanthemum Groelke, John ... Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV, Genus Comovirus, Family: Comoviridae)is an important virus in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill), ... another virus, Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) was identified from Dameâ s Rocket (Hesperis matronalis L.). This is the first report ...
New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Crop Improvement through Microbial Biotechnology |...
... barley stripe mosaic virus, BSMV (Holzberg et al., 2002); bean pod mottle virus, BPMV (Zhang and Ghabrial, 2006); pea early ... poplar mosaic virus, PopMV (Naylor et al., 2005); brome mosaic virus, BMV (Ding et al., 2006); and tomato bushy stunt virus, ... tobacco mosaic virus, TMV (Kumagai et al., 1995); potato virus X, PVX (Faivre-Rampant et al., 2004); tobacco rattle virus, TRV ... TBSV (Hou and Qiu, 2003)) and DNA viruses (tobacco golden mosaic virus, TGMV (Peele et al., 2001); cabbage leaf curl virus, ...
Bean Mild Mosaic Virus - BMMV poly-poly DAS ELISA. Bean Pod Mottle Virus - BPMV poly-poly DAS ELISA ... African Cassava Mosaic Virus ACMV, Bean Golden Mosaic Virus BGMV, East African Cassava Mosaic Virus EACMV, Indian Cassava ... Bean Yellow Mosaic Virus - White Lupin Mosaic Strain - BYMV-wlm poly-poly DAS ELISA ... Papaya Ringspot Virus (aka. Watermelon Mosaic Virus 1) - PRSV poly-poly DAS ELISA ...
Soybean Mosaic Virus | NC State Extension Publications
Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is one of the most prevalent and destructive viral pathogens of soybean worldwide. This soybean ... Similarly to bean pod mottle virus (BPMV), SMV predisposes soybeans to infections by Phomopsis spp. In North Carolina, SMV is ... Soybean mosaic is caused by the single-stranded positive-sense RNA soybean mosaic virus (SMV). SMV is a member of the genus ... Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) was first reported affecting soybean (Glycine max L.) in 1915 in Connecticut, but currently is one ...
Infection of Soybean Protoplasts from Cell Suspension Culture with Bean Pod Mottle Virus | Microbiology Society
BPMV and the previously introduced cowpea mosaic virus, both comoviruses, showed some contrasting differences in requirements ... The protoplasts were inoculated with bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) using a medium consisting of 0.4 m-sorbitol, virus, poly-l- ... When virus was preincubated for 15 min with CaCl2 or MgCl2 prior to inoculation, both at 0.5 mm or with potassium phosphate ... A combination of PLO and CaCl2 had what appeared to be a synergistic effect in enhancing infection, especially at low virus ...
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Tobacco streak virus - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader
... is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Bromoviridae, in the genus Ilavirus. It has a wide host range, with at least 200 ... Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), also known as Lucerne mosaic virus or Potato calico virus, is a worldwide distributed phytopathogen ... Bean pod mottle virus, or BPMV, is a species of plant pathogenic virus in the family Secoviridae. It is known to infect soybean ... Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is a plant pathogenic virus in the family Bromoviridae. It is the type member of the plant virus ...
PROTEOLYTIC PROCESSING OF THE PRIMARY
... virus Pea mild mosaic virus Quail peamosaic virus Radish mosaic virus Red clover mottle virus Squash mosaic virus APMV BPMV ... virus Bean podmottle virus Bean rugose mosaic virus Broad bean stain virus Broad bean true mosaic virus Cowpea mosaic virus ... cucumber mosaic virus)and ilarviruses (e.g. tobacco streak virus). Viruses of the other subclass of positive-strand RNA viruses ... tobacco mosaic virus), tymoviruses (e.g. turnip yellow mosaic virus), bromoviruses (e.g. bromemosaic virus), cucumoviruses (e.g ...
Revision #41 - Secoviridae - Picornavirales - International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)
... cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV, X00206 = CAA25029), cowpea severe mosaic virus (CPSMV, M83830), cucurbit mild mosaic virus (CuMMV, ... bean pod mottle virus (BPMV, U70866 = U70866), beet ringspot virus (BRSV, D00322 = BAA00234), Bellflower vein chlorosis virus ( ... cowpea mosaic virus, bean pod mottle virus and red clover mottle virus) and three nepoviruses (tobacco ringspot virus, ... Virus names and virus abbreviations are not official ICTV designations.. Dioscorea mosaic associated virus, recently isolated ...
Revision #17 - Secoviridae - Picornavirales - International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)
... cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV, X00206 = CAA25029), cowpea severe mosaic virus (CPSMV, M83830), cucurbit mild mosaic virus (CuMMV, ... bean pod mottle virus (BPMV, U70866 = U70866), beet ringspot virus (BRSV, D00322 = BAA00234), Bellflower vein chlorosis virus ( ... cowpea mosaic virus, bean pod mottle virus and red clover mottle virus) and three nepoviruses (tobacco ringspot virus, ... cowpea mosaic virus van Wezenbeek, (RNA-1: X00206; RNA-2: X00729), species Cowpea mosaic virus, genus Comovirus ...
Subject: 'Bean pod mottle virus' - PubAg Search Results
Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV), Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV), Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV), ... Alfalfa mosaic virus; Bean yellow mosaic virus; Cowpea mild mottle virus; Cowpea severe mosaic virus; Cucumber mosaic virus; ... Bean pod mottle virus, etc ; Bean common mosaic virus; Glycine max; Soybean mosaic virus; Watermelon mosaic virus; crops; ... Bean pod mottle virus, etc ; Bean common mosaic virus; Phaseolus vulgaris; RNA; Soybean mosaic virus; Watermelon mosaic virus; ...
Tobamoviruses can be frequently present in the oropharynx and gut of infants during their first year of life | Scientific...
... with tropical soda apple mosaic virus, pepper mild mottle virus, and opuntia tobamovirus 2 being the most common species. ... Seventeen complete virus genomes could be assembled, and phylogenetic analyses showed a large diversity of virus strains ... In this work, we report that plant viruses can also be found frequently in the gut and oropharynx of children during their ... In 100% of the fecal samples and 65% of the oropharynx samples at least one plant virus was identified. Tobamoviruses in the ...
Soybean Scouting Calendar
In cases of viral infections, hyaline bleeding such as with this soybean mosaic virus can occur. ... Bean Pod Mottle (BPMV). After Planting: 0-1 Month through Bloom to Pod Fill. ... Adults also transmit bean pod mottle virus, which reduces both soybean quality and yield and also causes green stem and delays ...
Improved apple latent spherical virus-induced gene silencing in multiple soybean genotypes through direct inoculation of agro...
More importantly, inoculated plants showed no apparent virus disease symptoms which could otherwise interfere with VIGS ... we modified the inoculation procedure of a VIGS vector based on Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV). The efficacy of this new ... Virus induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a powerful genomics tool for interrogating the function of plant genes. Unfortunately, ... For instance, the most widely used VIGS vector for soybean, based on the Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV), requires a modified BPMV ...
CowpeaCucumberInfectionEnzyme-linkeSoybeansAlfalfa MosaiSymptomsComovirusCPMVGenusIncidenceTobaccoGrapevine FanleComovirusesMottleGlycineViralPathogensTomatoCausalProteinsVectorInsecticideBean leafInsectGenomePathogenicCropSynergisticPlantPhomopsisSpreads the virusSystemicELISAVarietiesYieldNecrosis VirusSoybean fieldsSingle-strandedRNAs
- cowpea failed to express local lesions and cucumber systemic mosaic characteristic of TRSV infection and the two Phaseolus cultivars the yellow mosaic characteristic of BYMV infection. (apsnet.org)
- The X-ray structure of RCMV strain S has been determined and refined to 2.4 A. The overall structure of RCMV is similar to that of two other comoviruses, Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) and Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV). (nih.gov)
- BPMV and the previously introduced cowpea mosaic virus, both comoviruses, showed some contrasting differences in requirements for PLO, pH optimum and temperature. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- 5. De conclusie van Peng en Shih (1984)dathet door B-RNA van cowpea mosaic virusgecodeerde 87K eiwit afkomstig is van het amino-eindstandige gedeelte van het 170K precursoreiwit is niet alleen fout, maar de door hen verkregen resultaten ondersteunen juist de conclusie van Rezelman et al. (exploredoc.com)
- and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) can infect more than 1200 plant species in 100 families, including many vegetables and ornamentals ( Zitter and Murphy, 2009 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Broad bean wilt virus 2 (BBWV2), Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), Beet western yellows virus (BWYV), Pepper mottle virus (PepMoV), Potato virus Y (PVY) and Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV). (online-rpd.org)
- In addition, plants infected with bean pod mottle virus may be predisposed to seed infection by Phomopsis fungi that also reduce seed quality. (umn.edu)
- Infection is also favored by high populations of bean leaf or other beetles that transmit the virus. (umn.edu)
- The mosaic pattern in these soybean leaves is due to infection by Bean pod mottle virus. (uwex.edu)
- The impact of BPMV on yield depends upon the time of virus infection. (uwex.edu)
- Presence of leaf symptoms: mottled, crinkled leaf symptoms typical of virus infection. (uwex.edu)
- However, be aware that leaf symptoms are not a consistent indicator of virus infection. (uwex.edu)
- Varieties differ in the rate of BPMV infection. (uwex.edu)
- Symptoms are usually more obvious on young, rapidly growing leaves and are variable depending on the host genotype, virus strain, plant age at the moment of infection and the environment. (wikipedia.org)
- The outcome of a virus infection on a plant is determined both by the genotype of the virus and that of the plant. (frontiersin.org)
- A concentration of 0.5 × 10 5 to 1.0 × 10 5 protoplasts per ml was optimum for efficient virus infection. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- A combination of PLO and CaCl 2 had what appeared to be a synergistic effect in enhancing infection, especially at low virus concentrations. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- When virus was preincubated for 15 min with CaCl 2 or MgCl 2 prior to inoculation, both at 0.5 m m or with potassium phosphate buffer at 10 m m pH 5.6, infection of protoplasts was significantly increased over virus which had not been preincubated. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Although previous studies revealed that staygreen can be induced when pods/seeds are damaged, it is unknown whether virus infection or insect infestation causes staygreen. (usda.gov)
- Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is found in many soybean production areas, and SMV infection is one of the prevalent viral diseases that can cause significant yield losses in soybean. (usda.gov)
- Another limitation of the BPMV and other VIGS systems are the foliar symptoms that develop due to virus infection such as chlorosis, necrosis, and leaf distortion. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, a series of research studies addressing the role of Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) in green stem concluded that green stem is not consistently associated with BPMV infection (see Hobbs et al Green Stem Disorder of Soybean ). (soybeanresearchinfo.com)
- Virus-derived long sRNAs strongly resemble insect piRNAs, leading to the speculation that the piRNA pathway is induced in response to viral infection. (frontiersin.org)
- Sap was assayed for the presence of BPMV using an alkaline phosphatase-labeled double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS ELISA) for BPMV (AgDia Inc., Elkhart, IN). (apsnet.org)
- Soybeans can be infected with more than one virus at the same time. (uwex.edu)
- This timing increases the chance of BPMV transmission to soybeans. (uwex.edu)
- During 1999, producers in Ohio noticed virus-like symptoms in soybeans in a few isolated locations. (apsnet.org)
- Thrips must feed on infected weeds, other crop hosts or infected soybeans to acquire the virus and be capable of transmitting it. (pioneer.com)
- Similarly to bean pod mottle virus (BPMV), SMV predisposes soybeans to infections by Phomopsis spp. (ncsu.edu)
- Nucleic acid sequence analysis of smallest and biggest bands revealed of 100 and 95% sequence identity with other Red Clover Mottle Virus (RCMV) and Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV) isolates, respectively. (scialert.net)
- Other soybean-infecting viruses in Illinois include Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), Soybean dwarf virus (SbDV), Soybean mosaic virus (SMV), Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV), and Tobacco streak virus (TSV). (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
- BPMV can interact with the soybean mosaic virus to create severe symptoms in plants infected by both viruses. (umn.edu)
- Cool temperatures favor development of BPMV symptoms. (umn.edu)
- Another sign of virus tolerance is if a variety has had significant bean leaf beetle feeding yet few, if any, virus symptoms. (uwex.edu)
- Were virus symptoms (leaf mottling, discolored seed, delayed maturity) present this year? (uwex.edu)
- Early symptoms of soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV) are light green to yellow (chlorotic) patches near main leaf veins, where thrips fed. (pioneer.com)
- Trifoliate leaves show distinct mosaic and mottling symptoms with light and dark green areas that later can become raised or blistered along the main veins. (wikipedia.org)
- This study aimed to identifying the causal virus (es) inducing wilting and necrotic symptoms on broad bean plants. (scialert.net)
- and (iii) one randomly selected leaflet from 10 plants with virus-like symptoms from either the lower or upper part of the plant. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
- SMV symptoms vary across host genotype, virus strain, and the plant growth stage when infected. (ncsu.edu)
- Common symptoms include, trifoliolate leaves with a light and dark green mosaic, chlorosis between dark green areas, and leaf curled downward ( Figure 1 ). (ncsu.edu)
- Seeds of affected plants may also have mottling symptoms that can be attributed to SMV or bean pod mottle virus ( Figure 2 ). (ncsu.edu)
- Mosaic and mottle symptoms are characteristic. (ictvonline.org)
- More importantly, inoculated plants showed no apparent virus disease symptoms which could otherwise interfere with VIGS phenotypes. (biomedcentral.com)
- Bean pod mottle virus symptoms are commonly confused with herbicide injury and can resemble symptoms of other viruses. (sdstate.edu)
- Symptoms associated with BPMV include mild to severe chlorotic mottling or mosaic and rugosity (distortion or wrinkling) on foliage (Figure 3), stunting, and delayed maturity. (sdstate.edu)
- The RCMV is a member of the genus Comovirus , family Secoviridae, which represents nonenveloped plant viruses with icosahedral capsids and bipartite, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genomes. (scialert.net)
- By comparing the RCMV structure with that of other comoviruses, a structural fingerprint at the N terminus of the small subunit was identified which allowed subgrouping of comoviruses into CPMV-like and BPMV-like viruses. (nih.gov)
- Last but not least wil ik jullie bedanken, alhoewel jullie geheel buiten het CPMV-gebeuren stonden, toch de ups en downs die aan het promotieonderzoek verbonden waren, met mij hebben gedeeld. (exploredoc.com)
- Belongs to the genus Tospovirus , a group of plant viruses normally transmitted by thrips. (pioneer.com)
- Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is a member of the plant virus genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae). (wikipedia.org)
- However, it is dependent on the presence of a helper virus in the genus Waikavirus . (ictvonline.org)
- For example, Spansoy 201 had less incidence of BPMV throughout a study conducted in the 2002 growing season when compared to Spansoy 250. (uwex.edu)
- Partial resistance is expressed as acceptable yield, low seed mottling and a low incidence of green stem in the presence of BPMV. (uwex.edu)
- We have observed that soybean varieties differ in yield and incidence of mottled soybean seed in the presence of BPMV. (uwex.edu)
- One aspect of our virus screening is to identify those varieties with a lower incidence that would slow virus spread. (uwex.edu)
- Delayed spraying at either crop stage can seriously increase incidence of BPMV. (uwex.edu)
- Application of lambda-cyhalothrin after soybean emergence and again as first-generation bean leaf beetles emerged in northwestern Iowa in 2000 (treatment 3) significantly reduced beetle densities through mid-season, BPMV field incidence by 31.5%, and seed coat mottling by 31.2%, compared with the unsprayed control. (iastate.edu)
- Feeding by large numbers of these aphids can significantly reduce yields and increase virus incidence (AMV, SbDV, and SMV). (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
- This study focuses on Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) incidence over time relative to stages of plant growth in selected fields in Alabama. (usda.gov)
- Incidence of BPMV was typically highest at crop maturity. (usda.gov)
- Field surveys to investigate the incidence and occurrence pattern of viruses in red pepper were conducted during 2015-2016 in Korea. (online-rpd.org)
- The average disease incidence was 91.7% in 2015 and 98% in 2016 and the all seven viruses were found although there were different kinds of regions. (online-rpd.org)
- Modern plant virology commenced at the end of 19th century with the research on tobacco mosaic disease done by Russian scientist Dmittrii Iwanowski and Dutch microbiologist Martinus Beijerinck who discovered the causal agent was much smaller in size compared to other microbes because it can pass bacteria-proof filter candle ( Roger, 2014 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Later on, this causal agent was termed tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and became the first virus to be defined. (frontiersin.org)
- 1983)omopgrond vandedoor hen verkregen resultaten teconcluderen dat het eiwit met een molecuul gewichtvan58.000,datzevinden bij in vitro translatievanRNA-2van grapevine fanleaf virus,het manteleiwit vanditvirusis. (exploredoc.com)
- The majority of known members infect dicotyledonous plants and many are important plant pathogens (e.g. grapevine fanleaf virus and rice tungro spherical virus). (ictvonline.org)
- Red clover mottle virus (RCMV) is a member of the comoviruses, a group of picornavirus-like plant viruses. (nih.gov)
- Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) is widespread viral disease in the U.S soybean growing areas that is transmitted by leaf-feeding beetles. (umn.edu)
- Bean pod mottle virus causes green to yellow mottling of young leaves. (umn.edu)
- Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) is a virus disease spread primarily by the bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata . (uwex.edu)
- Treatment thresholds for bean leaf beetle aimed at the prevention of bean pod mottle virus are not yet available. (uwex.edu)
- Previous surveys in Ohio of viruses infecting soybean failed to identify Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) and soybean virus diseases have rarely caused economic losses (1). (apsnet.org)
- Soybean growth and yield may be severely reduced in susceptible varieties or where infections occur with soybean mosaic virus (SMV), bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) or other soybean viruses or pathogens. (pioneer.com)
- In many Midwestern states, including Illinois, Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) is the most prevalent virus infecting soybean (1). (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
- Bean pod mottle virus was detected by immunological assays of individual leaf samples. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
- Assessing the Distribution and Impact of Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) as a Re-emerging Virus, and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) in Soybean Grown in Virginia. (vt.edu)
- The protoplasts were inoculated with bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) using a medium consisting of 0.4 m -sorbitol, virus, poly- l -ornithine (PLO), buffer and inorganic salts. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- The species Strawberry mottle virus , Black raspberry virus and Chocolate lily virus A are unassigned in the family but members form a divergent monophyletic group with isolates of Satsuma dwarf virus in phylogenetic trees using the conserved Pro-Pol region. (ictvonline.org)
- Tobamoviruses in the Virgaviridae family were by far the most frequently detected, with tropical soda apple mosaic virus, pepper mild mottle virus, and opuntia tobamovirus 2 being the most common species. (nature.com)
- Adults also transmit bean pod mottle virus, which reduces both soybean quality and yield and also causes green stem and delays harvest. (pioneer.com)
- If you are finding bean leaf beetles in the field, you will also need to scout for Bean pod mottle virus . (sdstate.edu)
- Common soybean viruses, including Bean pod mottle virus, have been considered one possible cause. (soybeanresearchinfo.com)
- Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) was first reported affecting soybean ( Glycine max L.) in 1915 in Connecticut, but currently is one of the most prevalent and destructive viral pathogens of soybean worldwide. (ncsu.edu)
- In this review we summarized the efforts generating viral resistance with SRGE in different crops, analyzed the evolution of the technology, its efficacy in different crops for different viruses and its application status in different crops. (frontiersin.org)
- Plant viruses impose serious threats to wide range of crops in modern agriculture and it is estimated that economic loss caused by viral pathogen ranks the second compared to those caused by other pathogens ( Simon-Mateo and Garcia, 2011 ). (frontiersin.org)
- It includes sections on genes encoding avirulence factors of bacteria and fungi, viral coat proteins of plant viruses, chitinase from fungi, virulence factors from nematodes and mycoplasma, insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis , and herbicide tolerance enzymes from bacteria. (b-ok.org)
- Once the virus has penetrated into the host cells, it uncoats and releases its viral genomic RNA into the cytoplasm and expressed proteins replicate. (wikimili.com)
- In cases of viral infections, hyaline bleeding such as with this soybean mosaic virus can occur. (pioneer.com)
- Among these pathogens, Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is the most prevalent and destructive viral pathogen in soybean production worldwide ( Hill and Whitham, 2014 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Insect anti-viral RNAi machinery is activated to limit virus accumulation, suggesting a role in insect immunity. (frontiersin.org)
- Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is one of the most devastating pathogens that cost huge economic losses in soybean production worldwide. (frontiersin.org)
- In most subtropical and tropical areas, tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) can cause complete economic loss in a tomato field ( Czosnek and Laterrot, 1997 ). (frontiersin.org)
- The causal agent of BPMV is a virus. (umn.edu)
-  Subgenomic RNA4 is translated producing capsid proteins and the new virus particles are assembled. (wikimili.com)
- The main vector of BPMV is the bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata (Forster). (iastate.edu)
- Reported here is the construction of a Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter-driven BPMV vector that is efficient for the study of soybean gene function. (enterassked5.icu)
- The virus may be transmitted by thrips vector, mechanical damage, pollen or dodder. (wikimili.com)
- To address these shortcomings, we modified the inoculation procedure of a VIGS vector based on Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV). (biomedcentral.com)
- Insecticide Timing Options for Bean Leaf Beetle and BPMV control. (uwex.edu)
- To prevent transmission of BPMV, an insecticide application must be made in the very early stages (V-V2) of soybean development. (uwex.edu)
- An experiment was conducted in 2000 and 2001 at two locations in northwestern and central Iowa to test three insecticide treatments for suppression of bean leaf beetles, and subsequently, BPMV. (iastate.edu)
- The bean leaf beetle obtains the virus from infected seedlings, or from showy tick trefoil outside of soybean fields, and spreads the virus from plant to plant as it feeds. (uwex.edu)
- This virus is primarily vectored, in the United States, by the bean leaf beetle. (sdstate.edu)
- When bean leaf beetles feed on BPMV-infected soybean plants, they also ingest the virus and become a carrier (viruliferous). (sdstate.edu)
- Researchers at Iowa State University have constructed a flowchart to help growers with insect/virus management decisions. (uwex.edu)
- Virus-infected alternate weed or crop hosts must be present, as well as thrips, the vectoring insect. (pioneer.com)
- Some waikaviruses are helper viruses for the insect transmission of other viruses, for example, rice tungro spherical virus is the helper virus for rice tungro bacilliform virus (family Caulimoviridae ). (ictvonline.org)
- The genome organization of strawberry latent ringspot virus is more related to that of cheraviruses (with the exception of the number of CPs) and it groups more closely with cheraviruses than with sadwaviruses in the phylogenetic trees using the Pro-Pol sequence. (ictvonline.org)
- The genome organization of Soybean mosaic virus . (frontiersin.org)
- Enveloped viruses, which contain an outer lipoprotein coat, constitute the largest group of pathogenic viruses to humans. (vt.edu)
- If so, then BPMV is likely a concern for the next crop. (uwex.edu)
- Worldwide, this crop is known to be naturally infected by about 44 viruses ( Cockbain, 1983 ), which cause considerable yield losses. (scialert.net)
- Small RNA based genetic engineering (SRGE) technology had been explored for crop protection against viruses for nearly 30 years. (frontiersin.org)
- Due to their devastating threat to crop production, plant viruses has been studied extensively since the first virus, TMV, was discovered. (frontiersin.org)
- The thrips will insert their stylet and "clean" off any virus on their stylet before moving to the target crop. (wikimili.com)
- A synergistic reaction occurs when plants are infected with both BPMV and Soybean mosaic virus. (uwex.edu)
- Plant soybean varieties with ability to yield in the presence of BPMV. (uwex.edu)
- Virus overwinters in southern areas in thrips and in surviving susceptible plant hosts. (pioneer.com)
- The virus moves systemically throughout the plant and can be detected in all tissues including roots. (wikipedia.org)
- The AMV is one of the most biologically variable plant viruses and numerous natural variants having different pathogenicity ( Hajimorad and Francki, 1991 ). (scialert.net)
- The virus diagnostic capabilities of several plant pathology collaborators within the Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP) host countries were evaluated with the aid of a survey. (vt.edu)
- The subgroup assignments were confirmed by TBIA using CMV subgroup-specific monoclonal antibodies (Agdia Inc). At Smithfield Plantation, another virus, Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) was identified from Dameâ s Rocket (Hesperis matronalis L.). This is the first report of TuMV in Virginia.Â In TBIA virus-infected plant samples are blotted onto nitrocellulose membranes, dried, and processed. (vt.edu)
-  As with many plant viruses, diagnosis is very difficult because TSV has very wide host range and has different effects depending on the host being infected. (wikimili.com)
- One common form of management for viruses is to plant a desirable host for thrips around the cropping system. (wikimili.com)
- Plant viruses are viruses that affect plants. (wikimili.com)
- Like all other viruses, plant viruses are obligate intracellular parasites that do not have the molecular machinery to replicate without a host. (wikimili.com)
- Plant viruses have been reported to be common in the gut of human adults, presumably as result of food ingestion. (nature.com)
- In this work, we report that plant viruses can also be found frequently in the gut and oropharynx of children during their first year of life, even when they are exclusively breast-fed. (nature.com)
- In 100% of the fecal samples and 65% of the oropharynx samples at least one plant virus was identified. (nature.com)
- Whether the common presence of plant viruses at an early age influences the infant's immune system, either directly or through interaction with other members of the microbiota, remains to be investigated. (nature.com)
- Plant viruses are known to be abundant and ubiquitous in nature. (nature.com)
- In addition to human viruses, we found that plant viruses were commonly present in the gut and the oropharynx of children during their first year of life and, surprisingly, they were found as early as 2-weeks after birth in exclusively breast-fed infants. (nature.com)
- Virus induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a powerful genomics tool for interrogating the function of plant genes. (biomedcentral.com)
- The virus can be obtained with a single bite of an infected plant. (sdstate.edu)
- Distortion, rugosity, and mottling in a BPMV infected soybean plant. (sdstate.edu)
- however, the plant remains infected with the virus. (sdstate.edu)
- SMV and BPMV also interact in a different way: Either one will predispose soy plants to Phomopsis spp. (wikipedia.org)
Spreads the virus1
- As the beetle moves throughout the field, it spreads the virus to the healthy plants. (sdstate.edu)
-  Once the virus becomes systemic, it can be transmitted by vectors. (wikimili.com)
- Soybean leaf samples were assayed using F(ab′) 2 -Protein A ELISA with antiserum prepared in 1968 to a southern U.S. isolate of BPMV and to an Ohio isolate of Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) prepared in 1967, both stored at −20°C. Diseased and non-symptomatic soybean leaf samples were ground in 4 ml 0.025M Tris pH 8.0, 0.015M NaCl and 0.05% Tween 20. (apsnet.org)
- Extracts were tested for BPMV and SMV by ELISA following a protocol described elsewhere (2). (apsnet.org)
- Complete resistance is not yet available, but partial resistance to BPMV exists in soybean varieties. (uwex.edu)
- Reduction in yield is much greater in mixed infections than either virus alone. (uwex.edu)
- Consider a later planting of soybean next season, especially if BPMV was a yield limiting factor in this season. (uwex.edu)
- In Southeast Asia, Rice tungro virus has been estimated to cause an annual loss of 5-10% of the rice yield ( Dai and Beachy, 2009 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Whiteflies ( Bemisia tabaci ) also can cause yield losses in soybean through feeding damage, and indirectly through transmission of a number of viruses none of which have been reported on soybean in the United States. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
- Moderate Soybean Vein Necrosis Virus. (pioneer.com)
- Five commercial soybean fields in west-central Alabama were surveyed for BPMV and SMV in 2010-2012 and 2014. (usda.gov)
- Soybean mosaic is caused by the single-stranded positive-sense RNA soybean mosaic virus (SMV). (ncsu.edu)
- Small RNAs regulate a large set of gene expression in all plants and constitute a natural immunity against viruses. (frontiersin.org)
- Henk Franssen PROTEOLYTIC PROCESSING OFTHE PRIMARY TRANSLATION PRODUCTS OFCOWPEA MOSAIC VIRUS RNAs Proefschrift terverkrijgingvandegraadvan doctorindelandbouwwetenschappen, op gezag van de rector magnificus, dr. (exploredoc.com)
- Members of the family Secoviridae are non-enveloped viruses with mono- or bipartite (RNA-1 and RNA-2) linear positive-sense ssRNA genomes with the size of the RNAs combined ranging from 9 to 13.7 kilobases. (ictvonline.org)