A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).
Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
"Eastern Europe," in a geomedical context, often refers to a region including countries that were once part of the Soviet Union or influenced by its culture and healthcare system, such as Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and sometimes including countries in the Balkan Peninsula and Baltic states."
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
A muscarinic antagonist that has effects in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It has been used in the treatment of arteriosclerotic, idiopathic, and postencephalitic parkinsonism. It has also been used to alleviate extrapyramidal symptoms induced by phenothiazine derivatives and reserpine.
Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)

Reform of health insurance in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (1/136)

The aim of this report is to provide an overview of the reform of health insurance in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBH). Health financing and resource allocation policies in the FBH are also summarized. Health financing should be ensured through three types of health insurance: compulsory, supplementary, and voluntary. The revenues for the compulsory health insurance will be ear-marked through payroll taxation. Facing the scarcity of resources, the Federation authorities have decided to raise the proportion of the payroll contribution as compared to the pre-war level and engage in various arrangements of cost-sharing and priority setting in health care. The resource allocation policy underlines two key parts of the health care reform: contracting mechanisms and payment systems. We also discuss the optimal correlation between solidarity and competition in the course of the ongoing reform of the health insurance in the Federation. The social function of a competent health system, where the well-being of the population is viewed as a sociological category of the overall society's concern, requires considerable subsidization. Incentive-based market mechanisms may be introduced into some of the segments of health care system but only under government-led control of the effects of such measures.  (+info)

Financing of dental health care in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (2/136)

Financing dental health care in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBH) over the last 10 years was analyzed with respect to time before the war, during the 1992-1995 war, and after the war. In the first period (until 1991) the system was centralized, well structured, financed through the communities of interest, and burdened with a lack of financial discipline and high inflation. By the end of 1991, all citizens in the territory of BH Federation had the right to dental health insurance and participated in the price of dental service with 10-50%. During the 1992-1995 war, insurance and financial institutions ceased their work until the establishment of civilian governing authorities. The system of dental services was legalized within the health system as its integral part, yet, because of insufficient financial support, the rights of the insured were not fulfilled. Following the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, two systems (Croat and Muslim) were in function in FBH, each based on different legal grounds, and dental care stagnated considerably. The 1997 FBH Law on Health Care and Health Insurance and the Law on the Privatization of companies introduced a unique health system, widening the sources of financing and categories of health insurance. The process of health care privatization has been legalized, but not yet implemented. Lack of definitions of ownership diminish foreign investments, and without foreign financial support the improvements will be slower than needs. The process of health care restructuring will thus directly depend on the solving the political crisis in the country.  (+info)

Analysis of mtDNA HVRII in several human populations using an immobilised SSO probe hybridisation assay. (3/136)

Several populations were typed for the hypervariable region II (HVRII) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region using immobilised sequence-specific oligonucleotide (SSO) probes. A total of 16 SSO probes was used to type 1081 individuals from eight different ethnic groups (African Americans, Somali, US Europeans, US Hispanics, Bosnians, Finns, Saami and Japanese). Data was compared with already published sequence data by analysis of principal components, genetic distances and analysis of the molecular variance (AMOVA). The analyses performed group the samples in several clusters according to their geographical origins. Most of the variability detected is assigned to differences between individuals and only 7% is assigned to differences among groups of populations within and between geographical regions. Several features are patent in the samples studied: Somali, as a representative East African population, seem to have experienced a detectable amount of Caucasoid maternal influence; different degrees of admixture in the US samples studied are detected; Finns and Saami belong to the European genetic landscape, although Saami present an outlier position attributable to a strong maternal founder effect. The technique used is a rapid and simple method to detect human variation in the mtDNA HVRII in a large number of samples, which might be useful in forensic and population genetic studies.  (+info)

Computing for the next millennium. (4/136)

Computer technology has changed our lives, even that of physicians. In a few years time, a physician can expect to have a new tool by the bedside: a hand-held computer small enough to put into a pocket and powerful enough for all everyday activities, including highly specialized and sophisticated activities such as prevention of adverse drug reactions. The Croatian Academic and Research Network (CARNet) was crucial in bringing the benefits of the information technology to the Croatian scientists. At the Split University School of Medicine, we started the Virtual Medical School project, which now also includes the Mostar University School of Medicine in neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina. Virtual Medical School aims to promote free dissemination of medical knowledge by creating medical education network as a gateway to the Internet for health care professionals.  (+info)

Challenge of Goodness II: new humanitarian technology, developed in croatia and bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991-1995, and applied and evaluated in Kosovo 1999. (5/136)

This paper presents improvements of the humanitarian proposals of the Challenge of Goodness project published earlier (1). In 1999 Kosovo crisis, these proposals were checked in practice. The priority was again on the practical intervention - helping people directly - to prevent, stop, and ease suffering. Kosovo experience also prompted us to modify the concept of the Challenge of Goodness. It should include research and education (1. redefinition of health, 2. confronting genocide, 3. university studies and education, and 4. collecting experience); evaluation (1. Red Cross forum, 2. organization and technology assessment, 3. Open Hand - Experience of Good People); activities in different stages of war or conflict in: 1. prevention (right to a home, Hate Watch, early warning), 2. duration (refugee camps, prisoners-of-war camps, global hospital, minorities), 3. end of conflict (planned, organized, and evaluated protection), 4. post conflict (remaini ng and abandoned populations, prisoners of war and missing persons, civilian participation, return, and renewal). Effectiveness of humanitarian intervention may be performed by politicians, soldiers, humanitarian workers, and volunteers, but the responsibility lies on science. Science must objectively collect data, develop hypotheses, check them in practice, allow education, and be the force of good, upon which everybody can rely. Never since the World War II has anybody in Europe suffered in war and conflict so much as peoples in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. We should search for the meaning of their suffering, and develop new knowledge and technology of peace.  (+info)

Building peace from scratch: some theoretical and technological aspects. (6/136)

A peace-building process is based on activity, acceptance, understanding of political reality, communication, and empowerment. Acceptance means accepting everybody as he or she is and let each know it. This is at the heart of peace work, it is the prerequisite for effective communication, and includes accepting other even in cases of severe disagreement. Peace work requires both an understanding of political reality and the expression of one's own political opinion. Acceptance and the expression of political opinion are not at variance but complementary. Combining acceptance and understanding of the political context provides hope for real communication in which messages are both sent and received, with appreciation and interest. Empowerment implies overcoming of the feeling of powerlessness, often present in conflict by all sides and in all social groups. It includes recovery of self-respect and respect for others. Education and economic independence are important facets of the empowerment concept. Essential principles of peace-building process are responsibility, solidarity, cooperation, and nonviolence. Responsibility encompasses caring for human rights, the suffering of others, and for consequences of our own intended and unintended actions. Solidarity allows learning through listening and understanding. Even with the best intentions on both sides, cooperation may be difficult and painful. Nonviolence is a way of life.  (+info)

Aftermath of war experience: impact of anxiety and aggressive feelings on the group and the therapist. (7/136)

AIM: Analysis of some anxious and aggressive features stemming from the highly traumatic war experiences and having as a consequence chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: Group psychotherapy was applied as a therapeutic approach of choice. RESULTS: During the psychotherapeutic process, the possibility to name and express anxiety and aggressiveness was uncovered not only as the sequels of highly traumatic war experiences but even the transgenerational transmission of frustrations and aggressive feelings. These features have constantly very strong influence on the therapist's countertransference. Some of the most prominent characteristics of these processes are described through clinical vignettes. CONCLUSION: Longer group psychotherapy is required for patients suffering from serious PTSD to develop the possibility to externalize their deep traumas and to work them through in order to reestablish connections with everyday life. During that process, the countertransferential issues disclose the most important traumatic features and encapsulations, and indicate the main topics to be addressed in patients and the therapist as well.  (+info)

Psychoanalytic psychotherapy with migrant war victims: transference and countertransference issues. (8/136)

This report raises questions about the relevance of the psychoanalytic theory and method with migrant war victims, and addresses the issue of personal limits of the psychotherapist who treats these often very ill patients. A clinical vignette and its psychoanalytic understanding introduce the question of transference and counter- transference in the therapeutic work with traumatized war victims. Psychological treatment of war victims is a very important issue. On the one hand, patients who have been tortured or otherwise traumatized are often considered to be reluctant to accept psychological help, even if they are severely disturbed. On the other hand, the psychotherapists who agree to work with such patients must be prepared to face very specific difficulties. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy may be very efficient in treating war victims, but requires not only motivated but, above all, well-trained therapists. Otherwise, the therapist may become the next victim of the patient's trauma and, for his or her own sake, work towards immediate repression instead of working through the traumatic event ending up in the repetition compulsion.  (+info)

Bosnia-Herzegovina is not a medical term. It is a country located in Southeastern Europe, bordered by Croatia to the north and west, Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the south. The country has a population of approximately 3.5 million people and is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and natural beauty.

Bosnia-Herzegovina is made up of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, as well as the Brčko District, which is a self-governing administrative unit. The country has a complex political system with a three-member presidency, consisting of one member from each of the three main ethnic groups: Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs.

Bosnia-Herzegovina has faced significant challenges since the end of the Bosnian War in 1995, including political instability, economic underdevelopment, and high levels of corruption. Despite these challenges, the country is working towards greater integration with European institutions and has made progress in areas such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure development.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "war" is not a medical term. It refers to a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or between political or social groups, usually with large-scale violence and loss of life. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I would be happy to try to help answer them.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Croatia" is not a medical term or condition. It is a country located in Central and Southeastern Europe. If you have any questions about Croatian healthcare or medical practices, I would be happy to try to help answer those for you.

Eastern Europe is a geographical and political region of the European continent. The exact definition of Eastern Europe varies, but it generally includes the countries in Central and Eastern Europe that were part of the Soviet Union or aligned with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. These countries include:

* Belarus
* Bulgaria
* Czech Republic
* Hungary
* Moldova
* Poland
* Romania
* Russia (European portion)
* Slovakia
* Ukraine

Some definitions of Eastern Europe also include the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), which were part of the Soviet Union but are now independent countries. Other definitions may also include Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia, which were part of the Eastern Bloc but not part of the Soviet Union.

It is important to note that the term "Eastern Europe" can be seen as problematic and outdated, as it is often associated with negative stereotypes and historical connotations from the Cold War era. Many people prefer to use more specific terms, such as "Central Europe," "Eastern Bloc," or "Soviet Union," to describe the region.

Medically, the term "refugees" does not have a specific definition. However, in a broader social and humanitarian context, refugees are defined by the United Nations as:

"People who are outside their country of nationality or habitual residence; have a well-founded fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and are unable or unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution."

Refugees often face significant health challenges due to forced displacement, violence, trauma, limited access to healthcare services, and harsh living conditions. They may experience physical and mental health issues, including infectious diseases, malnutrition, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Providing medical care and support for refugees is an important aspect of global public health.

Biperiden is an anticholinergic drug, which is primarily used to treat symptoms of Parkinson's disease such as stiffness, tremors, spasms, and poor muscle control. It works by blocking the action of a certain natural substance (acetylcholine) in the body. Biperiden can also be used to treat related conditions such as drooling, loss of bladder control, and movement disorders caused by certain medications.

Biperiden may also be used for purposes not listed in its medical product label, as determined by a doctor. It is available in immediate-release and extended-release tablets and oral solution forms. Common side effects include dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, blurred vision, and difficulty urinating. Serious side effects are rare but may include hallucinations, irregular heartbeat, and mental/mood changes.

It is important to follow the instructions of a healthcare professional when taking biperiden, as it can interact with other medications and have potentially serious side effects if not used properly.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Yugoslavia" is not a medical term. It refers to a country in southeastern Europe that existed from 1929 to 2006. The country was originally named the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, but it was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, it became a socialist federal republic. The country dissolved in the 1990s amidst political turmoil and ethnic conflict, leading to the formation of several independent countries, including Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia. I hope this clarifies things! If you have any other questions, please let me know.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric condition that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, serious accident, war combat, rape, or violent personal assault. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), PTSD is characterized by the following symptoms, which must last for more than one month:

1. Intrusion symptoms: These include distressing memories, nightmares, flashbacks, or intense psychological distress or reactivity to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.
2. Avoidance symptoms: Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event, including thoughts, feelings, conversations, activities, places, or people.
3. Negative alterations in cognitions and mood: This includes negative beliefs about oneself, others, or the world; distorted blame of self or others for causing the trauma; persistent negative emotional state; decreased interest in significant activities; and feelings of detachment or estrangement from others.
4. Alterations in arousal and reactivity: This includes irritable behavior and angry outbursts, reckless or self-destructive behavior, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, problems with concentration, and sleep disturbance.
5. Duration of symptoms: The symptoms must last for more than one month.
6. Functional significance: The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

It is essential to note that PTSD can occur at any age and can be accompanied by various physical and mental health problems, such as depression, substance abuse, memory problems, and other difficulties in cognition. Appropriate treatment, which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both, can significantly improve the symptoms and overall quality of life for individuals with PTSD.

Forensic anthropology is a subfield of anthropology that applies scientific techniques and methods to analyze human remains for the purpose of establishing identity, determining the cause and manner of death, and investigating incidents of crime, mass disasters, or human rights violations. Forensic anthropologists use their knowledge of osteology, skeletal biology, and archaeological techniques to examine bones, teeth, and other tissues to help law enforcement agencies and legal professionals in criminal and civil investigations. They may also provide expert testimony in court based on their findings.

"Bosnia and Herzegovina". Bosnia and Herzegovina from UCB Libraries GovPubs (archived 3 July 2008) Bosnia and Herzegovina at ... Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbo-Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina, Босна и Херцеговина ; sometimes known as Bosnia-Herzegovina and ... for 2004 according to the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and ... the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina covers 51% of Bosnia ...
IPSC Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Bosnian association for practical shooting under the International Practical Shooting ... Sports governing bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, All stub articles, Shooting sport stubs). ...
Borojevići is a village in the municipality of Stolac, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved October 23, 2021. (CS1 ... Villages in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina). ...
... the most popular Bosnia and Herzegovina newspaper company. Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ivan Lovrenović 2001. Bosnia: a ... Art of Bosnia and Herzegovina refers to artistic objects created by the inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina from prehistory ... In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romans built several small temples decorated with reliefs. They utilized Bosnia and Herzegovina's ... Herzegovina (Webarchive template wayback links, Articles with excerpts, Bosnia and Herzegovina art, Culture of Bosnia and ...
... may refer to: Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina#Ottoman Rule, (1463-1878) Austro-Hungarian rule in ... Bosnia and Herzegovina, following the Congress of Berlin of 1878 Bosnia and Herzegovina#World War II (1941-45), occupation by ... a Nazi puppet state Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina Counties of the Independent State of Croatia This disambiguation page lists ... articles associated with the title Occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change ...
Otes (Cyrillic: Отес) is a settlement in the municipality of Ilidža, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is bordered by Pejton, Vreoca, ... Muhidin Hamamdžić, principal of Sarajevo Hamid Guska, head coach of the Bosnia and Herzegovina national boxing team Haris ...
Borut is a village in the municipality of Neum, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was 21, ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved October 10, 2021. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Kutanja (Cyrillic: Кутања) is a village in the municipality of Donji Vakuf, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved October 31, 2021. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Prehistoric sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Archaeology of Illyria, All stub articles, Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Bosnia and Herzegovina Commission to Preserve National Monuments. 2008. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 27 ... Pod is an archeological site in the municipality of Bugojno, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is a prehistoric settlement and hill ... v t e v t e (CS1 Bosnian-language sources (bs), Coordinates on Wikidata, Hill forts in Bosnia and Herzegovina, ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina. See bs:Demografija Bosanskog Novog Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia- ... Bosnia and Herzegovina, All stub articles, Republika Srpska geography stubs). ... Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no. ...
Spahići (Serbian Cyrillic: Спахићи) is a village in the municipality of Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved August 4, 2021. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities ...
"Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved August 4, 2021. v t e 44°34′N ... in the Una-Sana Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located on a hill near the town of Kulen Vakuf. In the Middle Ages, Ostrovica ...
... the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was 250, all ... Ethnicity/National Affiliation, Religion and Mother Tongue (PDF). Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Populated places in Jablanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina). ... is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of ... The municipality of Jablanica is a major tourist destination in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The municipality offer a wide variety ... Stećci necropolises are characteristic and most prevalent in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Risovac has a ski center attracting winter ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities ...
Mravinjac is a suburb in the city of Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was 249. ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved April 1, 2022. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Kamensko is a village in the municipality of Olovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved February 5, 2022. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was 497. Official ... Matina (2497608197) OpenStreetMap "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne ...
Hrastovac is a village in the municipality of Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved January 30, 2022. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Jazvenik (Serbian: Јазвеник) is a village in the municipality of Bugojno, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved October 23, 2021. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Miševići is a village in the municipality of Hadžići, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved March 5, 2022. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Companies of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Communications in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Telecommunications companies of Bosnia and ... Herzegovina, Internet service providers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cable television companies of Bosnia and Herzegovina, ... The digital offer is unique for all areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina. EON Start 1 - N1 BiH HD 2 - BHT 1 HD 3 - RTRS 4 - Nova BH ... and the largest alternative fixed line operator in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The company is part of United Group, owned by the ...
... is wine made in the Balkan country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina vineyards are ... Tvrdoš Monastery: Cellars Winemaking Agriculture in Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina - at the crossroads - Jancis ... Wine Bosnia and Herzegovina v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Bosnia and Herzegovina ... Bosnia and Herzegovina drinks, Wine by country, Agriculture in Bosnia and Herzegovina). ...
Velika (Serbian: Bелика) is a village in the municipality of Derventa, Bosnia and Herzegovina. 213 total ethnic Muslims - 207 ( ... Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne ...
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Šamac (Republika Srpska), Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Šamac part of the village has ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved December 19, 2021. v t e (CS1 ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved December 19, 2021. " ... Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne ...
Laze (Serbian Cyrillic: Лазе) is a village in the Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 1991 census, the ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Tršće is a village in the municipality of Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population was 768 ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved January 30, 2022. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Matijevići is a village in the municipality of Kladanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the 2013 census, its population ... "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved January 17, 2022. v t e (CS1 ... Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Municipalities of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, Villages in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina ... is a village and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of ... Ravno again suffered heavy damage during the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina, when the majority of villages were destroyed. The ... Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ravno was a separate municipality until 1963, when it became a part of the Trebinje municipality. In ...
"Bosnia and Herzegovina". Bosnia and Herzegovina from UCB Libraries GovPubs (archived 3 July 2008) Bosnia and Herzegovina at ... Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbo-Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina, Босна и Херцеговина ; sometimes known as Bosnia-Herzegovina and ... for 2004 according to the Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and ... the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina covers 51% of Bosnia ...
A collection of RAND research on the topic of Bosnia and Herzegovina ... 20 Years Later, the Lessons of Bosnia-Herzegovina. U.S. intervention in Bosnia ended the fighting, bought time for a political ... The Misunderstood Lessons of Bosnia for Syria. The 1992 to 1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been highly influential as an ... Bosnia Was Hard, Syria Is Harder. To find peace in Syria, cooperation among outside powers will be an essential first step. But ...
In which time zone is Bosnia and Herzegovina? What are the time zone names for standard time and Daylight Saving Time in 2023? ... Time Zone Currently Being Used in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Offset. Time Zone Abbreviation & Name. Example City. Current Time. ... Time Zone Not Currently Being Observed in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Offset. Time Zone Abbreviation & Name. Commences. ...
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: Tier 2. The Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina does not fully meet the minimum standards for the ... Bosnia consists of two entities within the state, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska (RS). Each ... group in Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina for trafficking and recruiting young women and girls from Bosnia and Herzegovina and ... RECOMMENDATIONS FOR BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Vigorously investigate, prosecute, and convict traffickers, including complicit ...
Everything we do at DHL serves one purpose: Connecting People and Improving Lives. Fulfilling our purpose requires us to make every dimension of our business sustainable.
Goods imported into Bosnia and Herzegovina and placed in free circulation are subject to payment of value added tax (VAT) at ... The Import Tariffs of Bosnia and Herzegovina are harmonized each year with the Combined Nomenclature of EU and legislative ...
Zenica (Bosnia and Herzegovina) weather. Find a forecast. Search for a place, autocomplete also includes a Use my location ...
... sunset and moon phases in over 12 locations all across Bosnia and Herzegovina today. ... Sunrise and ↓ Sunset in Bosnia and Herzegovina (12 Locations). Banja Luka. ↑ 6:36 am. ↓ 6:51 pm. Medjugorje. ↑ 6:34 am. ↓ 6:49 ...
SARAJEVO, May 4, 2022 - The six countries of the Western Balkans region are facing a new range of economic challenges, despite a better-than-expected rebound from the recession caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, says the latest Western Balkans Regular Economic Report (#21 in the series).
Have stayed in many hotels all over Bosnia and this might be the best of all. The bedrooms are large (nothing is modern) and ...
IMF Office in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Resident Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Andreas Tudyka. Resident ... Bosnia and Herzegovina and the IMF * Bosnia and Herzegovina: 2023 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and ... and the relations between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the IMF. Additional information can be found on Bosnia and Herzegovina and ... Bosnia and Herzegovina Tel: ++387 33 668 167 Fax: ++387 33 226 196 Email: [email protected] Andreas Tudyka, Resident ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina and the EBRD In Bosnia and Herzegovina we focus on supporting restructuring and expansion of the local ... Bosnia and Herzegovina at a glance * 216 projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... EBRD Bosnia and Herzegovina contacts. Sarajevo Resident Office 15th Floor, Tower B. Unitic Towers. Fra Andela Zvizdovica 1. ... News and project updates from Bosnia and Herzegovina. EBRD and Addiko Bank Banja Luka strengthen cooperation to support small ...
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Bosnia & Herzegovina / Sahovska unija Bosne i Hercegovine Continent: Europe Zone: 1.2b Joined FIDE: 1992 National NOC: Member, ... Belarus Belgium Bosnia & Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark England Estonia Faroe Islands Finland ...
Bijeljina, Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina Hourly Weather Forecaststar_ratehome. 34 °F. Tuzla International Airport Station, ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina hands over chairmanship to Bulgaria Committee of Ministers Strasbourg 10 November 2015 ... The Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe today passed from Bosnia... ...
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... Updated: 2022-08-20 Legal , Abortion Pills , Local Organizations , Community Comments , Scam List ... abortion-policies.srhr.org/country/bosnia-and-herzegovina/ ... Abortion regulation varies by jurisdiction in Bosnia and ...
Countries » Bosnia and Herzegovina » Largest Cities Bosnia and Herzegovina - 10 Largest Cities. Name. Population. Latitude/ ... Countries » Bosnia and Herzegovina » Administrative Division. Feature Statistic. Largest Cities. Highest Mountains. Other ...
Information for students from Students from Bosnia and Herzegovina ... There are currently no upcoming events for "Students from Bosnia and Herzegovina" ... Students from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Information for students from Students from Bosnia and Herzegovina ...
Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AFBiH): Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Air and Air Defense Forces of Bosnia and ... Bosnia and Herzegovina Armed Forces (OSBiH): Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Air and Air Defense Forces of Bosnia and ... Bosnia and Herzegovina Military Profiles (Subcategories). Arms 3 Manpower available for military service 6 ... Herzegovina (Zrakoplovstvo i Protuzracna Obrana, ZPO) 2008. Expenditures > Dollar figure per capita $60.11 2002. 21st out of 61 ...
OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina > Youth. Latest News. OSCE and UN mark 30 years of partnership in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... Home Where we are Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina What we do Youth ... Call for Applications for volunteers - members of the OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina Youth Advisory Group (YAG) ... Participants at the OSCE-supported National Session of the European Youth Parliament-Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH); Sarajevo, 9 ...
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Bosnia and Herzegovina: Experts appointed by the court into the case against environmental women human rights defenders ... Bosnia and Herzegovina: Experts appointed by the court into the case against environmental women human rights defenders ... Human rights defenders and journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina face threats and harassment from local authorities and ... nonprofit organizations and media from Republika Srpska/Bosnia and Herzegovina ...
How the EBRD works with small businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... Advice for Small Businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina application form * Advice for Small Businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... Advice for Small Businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina leaflet. * Advice for Small Businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina leaflet ... Our work in Bosnia and Herzegovina is currently funded by the European Union, Italy, Luxembourg, Sweden and the EBRD Small ...
Improved flood protection infrastructure brings peace of mind to farmers and other residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina, backed ... A flood of investment for Bosnia and Herzegovina After the devastation of 2014, Bosnia and Herzegovina flood protection gets an ... Fear and flooding in Bosnia and Herzegovina In Bosnia and Herzegovina, flood management projects promise to reduce the threat ... Infrastructure Flood protection Environment Partners Economic resilience Western Balkans Bosnia and Herzegovina Enlargement ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina. · Bulgaria. · Croatia. · Cyprus. ‡. · Czech Republic. · Denmark. · Estonia. · Finland. · France. ‡. · ... Category:People of Bosnia and Herzegovina by occupation. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Bosnia and Herzegovina people by occupation; تصنيف:بوسنيون حسب المهنة; Κατηγορία:Βόσνιοι ανά ιδιότητα; Kategori:Uğraşına göre ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:People_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina_by_occupation&oldid= ...
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  • An International Monetary Fund (IMF) mission, led by Alina Iancu, held discussions during May 10-23 for the 2023 Article IV consultation with Bosnia and Herzegovina. (imf.org)
  • It comprises two autonomous entities-the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska-and a third unit, the Brčko District, which is governed by its own local government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bosnia consists of two entities within the state, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska (RS). (state.gov)
  • Milorad Dodik, the president of Republika Srpska (one of Bosnia-Herzegovina's two entities), has backed the respective HDZs, arguing that the Croats are next in-line for the position previously filled by a Bosniak and then a Serb. (eurasiareview.com)
  • Visit the list below to see mobile and fixed internet speeds by city within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. (speedtest.net)
  • Reproductive health in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina / Public Health Department of Boznia and Herzegovina. (who.int)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/air/country-fact-sheets/2020-country-fact-sheets/bosnia-and-herzegovina-air-pollution or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • The 1992 to 1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been highly influential as an analogy for understanding intervention in Kosovo, Iraq, Libya, and most recently in Syria. (rand.org)
  • On July 11 of 1995, approximately 15,000 people assembled in the village of Jaglici, situated in the Rebublika Srpska of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (medscape.com)
  • He will take up the position of resident representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina in August 2022. (imf.org)
  • sometimes known as Bosnia-Herzegovina and informally as Bosnia) is a country in Southeast Europe, in the Balkans, bordering Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast, and Croatia to the north and southwest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina is a developing country and ranks 74th in the Human Development Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina is an EU candidate country and has also been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • This report aims to investigate causes of unemployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as problems and solutions of unemployment in this country. (bartleby.com)
  • The corruption rate in this country is calculated as 14.9% and it places Bosnia and Herzegovina as the 5th country on the list of corrupted countries. (bartleby.com)
  • Understand the latest market trends and future growth opportunities for the Beer industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina with research from Euromonitor International's team of in-country analysts - experts by industry and geographic specialisation. (euromonitor.com)
  • This allows for accumulation of materials originating in the EFTA States, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the other 'Pan-Euro-Med' member countries once the respective agreements are in place between the parties concerned. (efta.int)
  • According to Transparency International, Bosnia and Herzegovina is represented as the one of the most corrupted and the most undeveloped countries in Europe. (bartleby.com)
  • Additional agricultural agreements between the individual EFTA States and Bosnia and Herzegovina form an integral part of the instruments establishing the free trade area. (efta.int)
  • Tariff concessions on basic agricultural products are covered by three bilateral agreements concluded between the individual EFTA States and Bosnia and Herzegovina. (efta.int)
  • Abortion regulation varies by jurisdiction in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (womenonwaves.org)
  • Our work in Bosnia and Herzegovina is currently funded by the European Union , Italy , Luxembourg , Sweden and the EBRD Small Business Impact and Shareholder special Fund . (ebrd.com)
  • The vaccine scheduler table summarizes the current vaccination schedule for young children, adolescents, and adults in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (who.int)
  • He spoke highly of CGGC's strategy and practice of internationalization, localization and utilization of local resources, consequently assisting to promote employment, economic and social development of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • In short, you have everything you need to find and practice with your Bosnia and Herzegovina language exchange partners. (mylanguageexchange.com)
  • UNODC together with OSCE organized two train-the-trainer courses focused on furthering the skills of officials from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and North Macedonia to disrupt terrorist groups through the application of financial techniques as part of the joint OSCE-UNODC training programme on countering terrorist financing. (unodc.org)
  • Explore Harbors in Bosnia and Herzegovina by location. (marinas.com)
  • This category is for topics specifically related to the year 1920 in Bosnia and Herzegovina . (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, data related to problems of unemployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina is gathered from the book by Miomir Jaksic entitled Makroekonomija. (bartleby.com)
  • Consequently, it is obvious from above that undeclared work is harmful for the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as for its citizens. (bartleby.com)
  • I live in Bosnia and Herzegovina and I would like to learn the German language because I want to live and work in Germany one day. (mylanguageexchange.com)
  • Report on the State of Philanthropy in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2021 resulted from media monitoring (print, broadcast, and electronic) of keywords related to domestic philanthropy from January to December 2021. (slideshare.net)
  • In Bosnia and Herzegovina we focus on supporting restructuring and expansion of the local private sector, forging closer linkages with wider regional markets and promoting a more efficient and sustainable use of resources whilst continuing to coordinate the EBRD's activities with the EU and IFI partners. (ebrd.com)
  • The Import Tariffs of Bosnia and Herzegovina are harmonized each year with the Combined Nomenclature of EU and legislative regulations. (trade.gov)
  • Since 2014, Bosnia and Herzegovina Potash Fertilizer use on Crops rose 6.2% year on year. (nationmaster.com)
  • At the end of each year, numerous organizations do researches related to corruption in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (bartleby.com)
  • To view all registered Bosnia and Herzegovina language exchange members, please click here . (mylanguageexchange.com)
  • The first preserved widely acknowledged mention of a form of the name "Bosnia" is in De Administrando Imperio, a politico-geographical handbook written by the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII in the mid-10th century (between 948 and 952) describing the "small land" (χωρίον in Greek) of "Bosona" (Βοσώνα), where the Serbs dwell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bosnia was also mentioned in the DAI (χωριον βοσονα, small land of Bosnia), as a region of Baptized Serbia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the EBRD helps small and medium-sized businesses grow, succeed, then grow again, becoming genuine catalysts for their local economies, then their region. (ebrd.com)
  • This web page provides information on the activities of the Office, views of the IMF staff, and the relations between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the IMF. (imf.org)
  • The European Union and the European Investment Bank, which mobilised €74 million, have helped address the most immediate damage, including repairing river dykes, banks, channels, and pumping stations, to provide greater security from floods for the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (eib.org)
  • On May 16 in 2014, everything changed for Brodac, a once prosperous village on the outskirts of the city of Bijeljina that was the epicentre of one of the worst floods in the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (eib.org)
  • Negotiations to form a state-level government in Bosnia-Herzegovina have seen the creation of two new constitutional conventions - the notion of 'legitimate representation' and the principle of 'ethnic rotation' - which will continue to exert a profound influence on the country's politics. (eurasiareview.com)
  • The Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe today passed from Bosnia. (coe.int)
  • Improving tobacco tax policies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (who.int)
  • Human rights defenders and journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina face threats and harassment from local authorities and hostility from the general public. (frontlinedefenders.org)
  • On June 24, 2015(local time), Chen Xiaohua, Vice President of CGG and Chairman&President of CGGC International met with Mirko Sarovic, Deputy Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Access images, information and interactive maps for Harbors in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (marinas.com)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature and a three-member presidency made up of one member from each of the three major ethnic groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Goods imported into Bosnia and Herzegovina and placed in free circulation are subject to payment of value added tax (VAT) at the rate of 17 percent while certain groups of products (e.g. coffee, cigarettes, oil, oil derivatives etc.) are subject to payment of specific taxes (excise) in accordance with the Law on Excise of BiH. (trade.gov)
  • The impact of tax policy on different socioeconomic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (who.int)
  • The main focus of the EFTA-Bosnia and Herzegovina Free Trade Agreement is the liberalisation of trade in goods. (efta.int)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina likewise abolishes all customs duties on industrial products originating in an EFTA State, apart from a few sensitive fish and other marine products (Annex III). (efta.int)
  • This inter-ethnic quarrel has seen the emergence of two new conventions - the notion of 'legitimate representation' of a particular constituent peoples and the principle of 'ethnic rotation' of key government posts - that will continue to exert a profound impact on the conduct of politics in Bosnia-Herzegovina. (eurasiareview.com)
  • EFTA and Bosnia and Herzegovina abolish all customs duties on industrial products. (efta.int)
  • With the entry into force of the Agreement, EFTA abolishes all customs duties on imports of industrial products, including fish and other marine products, originating in Bosnia and Herzegovina. (efta.int)
  • For most of those products a gradual dismantling by Bosnia and Herzegovina is foreseen. (efta.int)
  • How are products distributed in Bosnia and Herzegovina? (euromonitor.com)