A species of BORDETELLA isolated from the respiratory tracts of TURKEYS and other BIRDS. It causes a highly contagious bordetellosis.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria whose cells are minute coccobacilli. It consists of both parasitic and pathogenic species.
Infections with bacteria of the genus BORDETELLA.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of WHOOPING COUGH. Its cells are minute coccobacilli that are surrounded by a slime sheath.
A species of BORDETELLA that is parasitic and pathogenic. It is found in the respiratory tract of domestic and wild mammalian animals and can be transmitted from animals to man. It is a common cause of bronchopneumonia in lower animals.
Specific substances elaborated by plants, microorganisms or animals that cause damage to the skin; they may be proteins or other specific factors or substances; constituents of spider, jellyfish or other venoms cause dermonecrosis and certain bacteria synthesize dermolytic agents.
Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.
A species of BORDETELLA with similar morphology to BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS, but growth is more rapid. It is found only in the RESPIRATORY TRACT of humans.
A complex that includes several strains of M. avium. M. intracellulare is not easily distinguished from M. avium and therefore is included in the complex. These organisms are most frequently found in pulmonary secretions from persons with a tuberculous-like mycobacteriosis. Strains of this complex have also been associated with childhood lymphadenitis and AIDS; M. avium alone causes tuberculosis in a variety of birds and other animals, including pigs.
A subspecies of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria. It is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease (PARATUBERCULOSIS), a chronic GASTROENTERITIS in RUMINANTS.
A set of BACTERIAL ADHESINS and TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL produced by BORDETELLA organisms that determine the pathogenesis of BORDETELLA INFECTIONS, such as WHOOPING COUGH. They include filamentous hemagglutinin; FIMBRIAE PROTEINS; pertactin; PERTUSSIS TOXIN; ADENYLATE CYCLASE TOXIN; dermonecrotic toxin; tracheal cytotoxin; Bordetella LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES; and tracheal colonization factor.
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
A suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms, used for immunization against pertussis (WHOOPING COUGH). It is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP). There is an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis, which causes fewer adverse reactions than whole-cell vaccine and, like the whole-cell vaccine, is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.
Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.
An inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase. It decreases the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID concentration in the brain, thereby causing convulsions.
Sulfur compounds in which the sulfur atom is attached to three organic radicals and an electronegative element or radical.
An enzyme of the lyase class that catalyzes the conversion of GTP and oxaloacetate to GDP, phosphoenolpyruvate, and carbon dioxide. This reaction is part of gluconeogenesis in the liver. The enzyme occurs in both the mitochondria and cytosol of mammalian liver. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 4.1.1.32.
An enzyme of the lyase class that catalyzes the conversion of ATP and oxaloacetate to ADP, phosphoenolpyruvate, and carbon dioxide. The enzyme is found in some bacteria, yeast, and Trypanosoma, and is important for the photosynthetic assimilation of carbon dioxide in some plants. EC 4.1.1.49.
An enzyme with high affinity for carbon dioxide. It catalyzes irreversibly the formation of oxaloacetate from phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide. This fixation of carbon dioxide in several bacteria and some plants is the first step in the biosynthesis of glucose. EC 4.1.1.31.
Protective places of employment for disabled persons which provide training and employment on a temporary or permanent basis.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.
A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The functions and activities of living organisms that support life in single- or multi-cellular organisms from their origin through the progression of life.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.
Machine readable patient or equipment identification device using radio frequency from 125 kHz to 5.8 Ghz.
Illegitimate use of substances for a desired effect in competitive sports. It includes humans and animals.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
A genus of cone-shaped marine snails in the family Conidae, class GASTROPODA. It comprises more than 600 species, many containing unique venoms (CONUS VENOMS) with which they immobilize their prey.
Peptide neurotoxins from the marine fish-hunting snails of the genus CONUS. They contain 13 to 29 amino acids which are strongly basic and are highly cross-linked by disulfide bonds. There are three types of conotoxins, omega-, alpha-, and mu-. OMEGA-CONOTOXINS inhibit voltage-activated entry of calcium into the presynaptic membrane and therefore the release of ACETYLCHOLINE. Alpha-conotoxins inhibit the postsynaptic acetylcholine receptor. Mu-conotoxins prevent the generation of muscle action potentials. (From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed)
Venoms from mollusks, including CONUS and OCTOPUS species. The venoms contain proteins, enzymes, choline derivatives, slow-reacting substances, and several characterized polypeptide toxins that affect the nervous system. Mollusk venoms include cephalotoxin, venerupin, maculotoxin, surugatoxin, conotoxins, and murexine.
Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.

Left ventricular outflow tract-right atrial communication (Gerbode type defect) associated with bacterial endocarditis in a dog. (1/10)

Left ventricular (LV) outflow tract-right atrial (RA) communication associated with bacterial endocarditis is described in a 6-year-old intact male Great Pyrenees dog with a 4- to 5-day history of fever, lethargy, weight loss, severe regenerative anemia, and asplenia. Typical vegetative mural endocardial lesions were observed grossly. Histologic evaluation revealed small gram-negative coccobacilli that were consistent with Bordetella avium-like organisms. These bacteria were associated with severe endocardial inflammation characterized by neutrophilic infiltration, extensive necrosis of endocardium, and fibrin deposition. LV-RA shunt (Gerbode defect) is a rare cardiac defect in humans that can be either congenital or, more rarely, secondary to septic endocarditis, valve replacement procedures, or thoracic trauma. B. avium-like organisms causing septicemia and endocarditis in immunocompromised and asplenic human patients have been described. To our knowledge, no previous descriptions of Gerbode defect associated with bacterial endocarditis in domestic animals have been reported in veterinary literature.  (+info)

Transcriptional control of the rhuIR-bhuRSTUV heme acquisition locus in Bordetella avium. (2/10)

Iron (Fe) is an essential nutrient for most bacterial pathogens. In these organisms, a variety of regulatory systems that respond to specific Fe complexes found within their vertebrate hosts have evolved. In Bordetella avium, the heme utilization locus encoded by rhuIR-bhuRSTUV mediates efficient acquisition of Fe from heme and hemoproteins. Control of bhuRSTUV expression is promulgated at two levels. When Fe is abundant, expression is repressed in a Fur-dependent manner which is partially relieved when Fe is limiting. In the presence of heme or hemoproteins, expression of the bhuRSTUV operon is induced via a three-component signal transduction cascade composed of RhuI, RhuR, and BhuR. Herein, we report the identification of two promoters (PrhuI and PbhuR) that control expression of the rhuIR-bhuRSTUV cluster. Primer extension analysis identified the transcriptional start site of PrhuI within a putative Fur box. Transcriptional initiation of PbhuR mapped within the rhuR-bhuR intergenic region. Maximal transcription from PbhuR required Fe-limiting conditions, the presence of heme (or hemoglobin), and rhuI; however, analysis of transcripts produced from the rhuIR-bhuRSTUV locus revealed a pattern of low-level bhuR transcription in the absence of heme which originated from both PbhuR and PrhuI. Transcription from PrhuI was repressed by Fe in the presence of fur and somewhat enhanced by the addition of hemin to Fe-limited media. The nature of this hemin-associated PrhuI stimulation was rhuI independent and therefore not induced by heme via the BhuR-RhuR-RhuI signal cascade. Fe also repressed transcription from PbhuR in a fur-dependent manner; however, activation from this promoter, in the presence or absence of heme, did not occur without rhuI.  (+info)

Analytical verification of a PCR assay for identification of Bordetella avium. (3/10)

Bordetella avium is the etiologic agent of turkey coryza or bordetellosis, a respiratory disease responsible for substantial economic losses to the turkey industry. At present, identification of this bacterium relies on isolation and biochemical testing. Although a PCR for the detection of B. avium was proposed a number of years ago, lack of analytical verification precludes its use as a diagnostic tool. Furthermore, a number of details pertaining to the reaction conditions used are missing or unclear. In the present study we have identified an optimal set of PCR conditions for use with the previously described primer pair and determined the limit of detection under these conditions to be approximately 20 pg. Assay sensitivity is 100%, based on an analysis of 72 B. avium isolates from diverse geographic locations and covering a time span of at least 25 years. Evaluation of a separate group of 87 bacterial isolates from poultry, comprising both gram-positive and gram-negative commensals and pathogens representing 11 genera, demonstrated an assay specificity of 98.8%. Reproducibility is 100% using either purified genomic DNA or boiled cell lysates less than 3 days old. Sequence analysis of the B. avium PCR amplicons identified only three occasional sequence polymorphisms. These data indicate the B. avium PCR assay can provide clinically significant results.  (+info)

Isolation of Bordetella avium and novel Bordetella strain from patients with respiratory disease. (4/10)

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Identification and characterization of two Bordetella avium gene products required for hemagglutination. (5/10)

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The Bordetella avium BAV1965-1962 fimbrial locus is regulated by temperature and produces fimbriae involved in adherence to turkey tracheal tissue. (6/10)

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Bordetella avium causes induction of apoptosis and nitric oxide synthase in turkey tracheal explant cultures. (7/10)

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The autotransporter protein from Bordetella avium, Baa1, is involved in host cell attachment. (8/10)

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Looking for Bordetella avium? Find out information about Bordetella avium. A nonsporulating, gram-negative coccobacillus that causes respiratory infections in birds Explanation of Bordetella avium
A Gram negative species of bacteria, Campylobacter jejuni, is the leading cause of food poisoning worldwide. Humans often contract food poisoning after ingesting contaminated poultry. Detecting the presence of C. jejuni in poultry is difficult because it is part of the natural flora and does not cause symptomatic infection. In a related manner, Bordetella avium is a Gram negative species of bacteria that causes bordetellosis in poultry. This disease is similar to whooping cough caused by the related pathogen of humans, B. pertussis. Though the mortality rate for bordetellosis is low, it weakens the birds immune systems, often leading to secondary infections. The aim of this project was to construct a vaccine platform capable of immunizing poultry against both pathogens-B. avium and C. jejuni-thus reducing disease in birds and humans. A heterologous construct can be made utilizing the B. avium autotransporter Baa1 that plays a role in host cell attachment. Autotransporters are comprised of three genetic
Domain architecture and assignment details (superfamily, family, region, evalue) for gi|187478965|ref|YP_786989.1| from Bordetella avium 197N. Plus protein sequence and external database links.
ID BORA1_1_PE1294 STANDARD; PRT; 84 AA. AC BORA1_1_PE1294; Q2L2X0; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE SubName: Full=Putative phage protein; (BORA1_1.PE1294). GN OrderedLocusNames=BAV1312.1; ORFNames=BAV1312A; OS BORDETELLA AVIUM 197N. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; OC Alcaligenaceae; Bordetella. OX NCBI_TaxID=360910; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS BORA1_1.PE1294. CC Bordetella avium 197N, complete genome. CC complete sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:Q2L2X0_BORA1 CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000219995 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; Q2L2X0; -. DR EMBL; AM167904; CAJ48919.1; -; Genomic_DNA. DR RefSeq; YP_785832.1; NC_010645.1. DR ProteinModelPortal; Q2L2X0; -. DR STRING; Q2L2X0; -. DR GeneID; 6265305; -. DR GenomeReviews; AM167904_GR; BAV1312.1. DR KEGG; bav:BAV1312A; -. DR NMPDR; fig,521.1.peg.2944; -. ...
ID BORA1_1_PE1001 STANDARD; PRT; 296 AA. AC BORA1_1_PE1001; Q2KV86; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE SubName: Full=GntR-family transcriptional regulator; (BORA1_1.PE1001). GN OrderedLocusNames=BAV1016; OS BORDETELLA AVIUM 197N. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; OC Alcaligenaceae; Bordetella. OX NCBI_TaxID=360910; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS BORA1_1.PE1001. CC Bordetella avium 197N, complete genome. CC complete sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:Q2KV86_BORA1 CC -!- SIMILARITY: Contains 2 HTH gntR-type DNA-binding domains. CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000144575 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; Q2KV86; -. DR EMBL; AM167904; CAJ48625.1; -; Genomic_DNA. DR RefSeq; YP_785539.1; NC_010645.1. DR ProteinModelPortal; Q2KV86; -. DR STRING; Q2KV86; -. DR GeneID; 6267329; -. DR GenomeReviews; AM167904_GR; BAV1016. ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
Catalyzes the conversion of oxaloacetate (OAA) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), the rate-limiting step in the metabolic pathway that produces glucose from lactate and other precursors derived from the citric acid cycle.
Sulfur is an essential element for life and the metabolism of organic sulfur compounds plays an important role in the global sulfur cycle. Sulfur occurs in various oxidation states ranging from +6 in sulfate to -2 in sulfide (H2S). Sulfate reduction can occur in both an energy consuming assimilatory pathway and an energy producing dissimilatory pathway. The assimilatory pathway, which is found in a wide range of organisms, produces reduced sulfur compounds for the biosynthesis of S-containing amino acids and does not lead to direct excretion of sulfide. In the dissimilatory pathway, which is restricted to obligatory anaerobic bacterial and archaeal lineages, sulfate (or sulfur) is the terminal electron acceptor of the respiratory chain producing large quantities of inorganic sulfide. Both pathways start from the activation of sulfate by reaction with ATP to form adenylyl sulfate (APS). In the assimilatory pathway [MD:M00176] APS is converted to 3-phosphoadenylyl sulfate (PAPS) and then reduced ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
The initiating nucleotide found at the 5 end of primary transcripts has a distinctive triphosphorylated end that distinguishes these transcripts from all other RNA species. Recognizing this distinction is key to deconvoluting the primary transcriptome from the plethora of processed transcripts that confound analysis of the transcriptome. The currently available methods do not use targeted enrichment for the 5′end of primary transcripts, but rather attempt to deplete non-targeted RNA. We developed a method, Cappable-seq, for directly enriching for the 5 end of primary transcripts and enabling determination of transcription start sites at single base resolution. This is achieved by enzymatically modifying the 5′ triphosphorylated end of RNA with a selectable tag. We first applied Cappable-seq to E. coli, achieving up to 50 fold enrichment of primary transcripts and identifying an unprecedented 16539 transcription start sites (TSS) genome-wide at single base resolution. We also applied Cappable-seq
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is accepting proposals under its streamlined Biological Technologies EZ Broad Agency Announcement (EZ BAA).
A condition of turkeys possibly associated with Bordetella avium (previously designated Alkaligenes faecalis) infections. This bacterium usually causes mild respiratory disease in only a proportion of the flocks, and low mortality. It can be synergistic with other respiratory pathogens such as Ornithobacterium, Pasteurella spp, Mycoplasma spp. and pneumoviruses ...
Three reliable studies are available for this endpoint (Inveresk 2001d, Inveresk Research, 2001e, Harlan Laboratories, 2014c), using Resin acids and rosin acids, esters with pentaerythritol, Resin acids and rosin acids, hydrogenated, Methyl esters and Resin acids and rosin acids, esters with ethylene glycol. The studies are GLP-compliant and followed OECD guideline 201, although the method was modified to use water accommodated fractions (WAF) due to the nature of the test substance. Analytical verification of test concentrations was only carried out in the study with Resin acids and rosin acids, esters with ethylene glycol. However, in all cases results are expressed as nominal loading rates. In all studies the EL50 was determined to be greater than the highest loading rate tested (1000 mg/L for the Inveresk studies and 100 mg/L for the Harlan Laboratories study). Therefore, an EL50 result of ,100 mg/L is considered to cover all category members. ...
In the available key study, algae growth inhibitory effects of 1,3 -butanediol were studied on Desmodesmus subspicatus following OECD 201 (adopted 1984, RL1). A 72 -h limit test with a control (0 mg/L) and the nominal test concentration of 1000 mg/L was set up. Analytical verification of the test concentrations by GLC-FID demonstrated good recovery and revealed a mean measured concentration of 1070 mg/L. The physical-chemical parameters were within acceptable limits. Based on mean measured concentrations, the 72-h ErC50 is , 1070 mg/L and the 72-h NOErC is , 1070 mg/L. ...
Baa Baa Black Sheep is part of the Singapore Math Earlybird Kindergarten Mathematics reader series. This book teaches children numbers to 5, along with number bands, through the classic childrens tale Baa Baa Black Sheep. Its an ideal supporting resource for introducing mathematical structures in a context that is familiar and enjoyable to young learners. 24 pages, softcover. Kindergarten / Grade K. Kindergarten Math Reader: Baa Baa Black Sheep (9780761470359)
New York, October 03, 2000 -- Moodys has lowered the long term ratings of Comdisco, Inc. and Comdisco Finance (Nederland) B.V. (Senior to Baa2 from Baa1) following the companys announcement that it will cease funding the operations of its non-core subsidiary, Prism Communications, Inc. Comdiscos and Comdisco Finances Prime-2 ratings for short term debt have been confirmed. The outlook for all of the ratings is stable. Moodys said that while the size of the as yet undisclosed Prism charge is expected to be significant, Moodys primary consideration in its rating action was the implication of this charge to the companys overall risk governance. The charge highlights the execution risk in the companys strategic transition, as well as governance risks the company faces as it seeks to maximize shareholder value. In Moodys view, Comdiscos risk profile has increased over recent years as it intentionally transitioned itself away from its traditional computer leasing business. Comdiscos ...
Specimen data from many of the WHI Core studies, BAAs, and ancillary studies is available in the current WHI Database. See the list of studies with data available to investigators on page 2 of the Specimen Result Assays under Specimen Results. Data from BAAs and ancillary studies (ASs) are generally made available 1 year after the end of the study funding period. Data from BAAs and ASs may be requested earlier by making requests directly to the BAA or AS PI. Questions about the BAA and AS data sets should be addressed to the BAA or AS PIs. See the following sets and types of data available on specific groups of WHI participants. ...
Buy Sheep Baa by maxtecb on AudioJungle. Pack of 3 sounds of the sheep baa. All of them are separate/individual sound files in the zip file. The files in the ...
A man calls his daughter who is babysitting the cutest toddler known to man. He tries to rush to get off the phone because hes overdue for a board meeting. Before you go, Dad, says the babysitter, Youve gotta hear this ...
Questions may be directed to: NRLProposals.. Please include your organization name, address, e-mail address and phone number along with the Topic number and Title to which your question pertains.. ...
Miss Abreve, Miss Allie, Miss Baas, MISS CORDITE, Miss Emerald, Miss O, MISS U, Misscore, Misses Swing , Missile, Missing Leafs…
There are studies available for a number of the members of this category. Reliable studies are available for rosin. Inveresk (2001c) determined toxicity to Selenastrum capricornutum using WAFs. No analytical verification of test concentrations was conducted. The study determined an EL50 of ,1000 mg/L, Another study (Akzo Nobel, 1998d) is also available using Selenastrum capricornutum which also uses WAFs but did not carry out any analytical verification. An EL50 of ,100 mg/L was determined in this study. A study with Tall oil rosin, which is considered to be equivalent to rosin, is also available (Akzo Nobel, 1998d). The study used WAFs with no analysis of test concentrations. No toxicity was observed at a concentration of 100 mg/L. A study was conducted with Resin acids and Rosin acids, hydrogenated, potassium salts (Eastman, 2005c), which did not analyse for test concentrations. An EC50 of 39.6 mg/L was determined based on growth and 16.6 mg/L based on biomass. A reliable study is available ...
Seventy turkey parent breeders were vaccinated subcutaneously at 24 and 28 weeks of age with a bacterin consisting of equal parts of a heat-inactivated suspension of the coryza producing Bordetella-like strain IPDH 591-77 and Freunds complete adjuvant. One group of 70 breeder hens served as un-vaccinated controls. Two and 3.5 months after the second vaccination eggs were collected and incubated. After hatching, 3-day-old poults from vaccinated and unvaccinated hens were challenged by direct-contact exposure to artificially infected poults. The results of clinical, cultural and histopathological examinations indicated that the majority of the progeny of vaccinated turkey breeder hens was protected against infection with the bacterial turkey coryza agent within the first 10 to 17 days after hatching. Agglutinating antibodies against the turkey coryza agent could be detected in vaccinated hens as well as in their progeny.
London, 21 October 2014 -- Moodys Investors Service, (Moodys) has today affirmed the Baa1 ratings of the government-related issuer (GRI) OJSC Gazprom (Gazprom) and the Baa2 ratings of its subsidiary Gazprom Neft JSC, and the respective ratings of their guaranteed debt-issuing subsidiaries. The outlook on all ratings is negative. Gazproms Prime-2 short-term rating remains unchanged. These actions follow the weakening of Russias credit profile, as reflected by Moodys downgrade of Russias government bond rating to Baa2 from Baa1 on 17 October 2014. For additional information, please refer to the related announcement: http://www.moodys.com/viewresearchdoc.aspx?docid=PR_310632 RATINGS RATIONALE The affirmation of Gazproms issuer rating reflects Moodys view that the strength of the companys business, operating and financial profile, as well as its importance for the government, position its rating one notch above the sovereign rating at Baa1. The key strengths of Gazproms franchise include ...
Review Excerpt: Duck Duck Mooses fourth app contains two nursery rhymes woven into one app: Baa Baa Black Sheep and Row Your Boat. There are three ways your child can navigate from scene to scene: manually, by swiping or touching; using an arrow button; or selecting autoplay in the preferences to automatically change the scenes. As children explore, they can hunt for four hidden outlines in the pictures. Subscribers, please log into our database using your password to read the full review along with our rating, and see why this received our Editors Choice Award.. ...
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The Black Sheep Brewery produces award winning ale in Masham, North Yorkshire, where you can take a tour & eat in the Bistro. Find out more & buy beer online.
The BAAS is the only online degree at UT Tyler designed specifically for working professionals who have earned workforce, technical or vocational credit from a community college or trade school. The program is ideal for those who seek to finish their degree in an academic environment that recognizes the importance of balancing work, family and other commitments.
Eight collie-cross pups, eight weeks old, were inoculated intramuscularly with an aluminum hydroxide adjuvanted preparation of killed Bordetella bronchiseptica; the inoculation was repeated after two weeks. Two weeks after the second inoculation, the vaccinated dogs and a control group of four unvaccinated animals were placed in contact with a group of five pups of similar age which had been experimentally infected with a pathogenic strain of B bronchiseptica by an aerosol method. All four unvaccinated control dogs as well as all five experimentally infected dogs developed a respiratory disease characterised by persistent coughing. Six of the vaccinated dogs remained free from clinical respiratory disease while disease was less severe and of shorter duration in the remaining two than in controls. Only slight changes were found in the lungs of vaccinated animals at necropsy while in the controls there was a severe tracheobronchitis. There was a marked reduction in the numbers of B bronchiseptica ...
WR Victor Cruz - Heel contusion. The Cruz thing is what they call a heel contusion and well see where he stands with that as the days go by. He probably will not practice tomorrow, although I havent seen him. Well have to take that one as it comes..... I didnt realize that he had had the issue until he was out of the game. What we did see was him run right by a couple of people right away, first series. That was a very good thing to see. Were all sorry that he wasnt able to continue to play.. Im not sure exactly which one (play the injury occurred). Everyone wants to think it was the tangle of bodies in the pass interference call. Until I have a chance to visit with him, I wont be able to answer that one for you.. C David Baas - MCL sprain. Baas is an MCL. Thats a weekly thing for us...as I said last night, the injury was a bad tangle in there. Well look at it in a positive way in that it was an MCL and nothing more. . Its weekly. Thats all I can tell you. It depends on how ...
I am thankful today that my Dad & Step Mom arrived from Texas and that Brian & Zachary got here from Spartanburg. Brian came & relieved me for a few hours so I could go to the townhouse & pack a bag & take a shower. I also got to hold & hug my son today - I am so thankful for that. Also, my MOPS group is praying collectively for us tomorrow morning at 6:00 am - I am thankful for friends who are so faithful to continue to pray for us - holding my arms up because I am too weary to do it myself. Thank you Lord for these blessings. Thank you Lord that we can approach your throne with freedom & confidence ...
Information on the #BAA58F html color code with its RGB and HSL make up, lighter and darker colors, analogous colors, and trinary colors.
Information on the #B8BAA6 html color code with its RGB and HSL make up, lighter and darker colors, analogous colors, and trinary colors.
Zie ook lijst van NPCs NPC Abran Ironeye Locatie: Bij de zuid-westelijke poort van Venore Beroep: Shopmaster Notities: Abran is een vechter die de baas is van het Ironhouse, waar hij en zijn medewerkers wapens en harnassen maken, repareren en verkopen. Items die hij/zij ruilt:Geen. Items die hij...
Looking for online definition of Gerbode cardiovascular tissue forceps in the Medical Dictionary? Gerbode cardiovascular tissue forceps explanation free. What is Gerbode cardiovascular tissue forceps? Meaning of Gerbode cardiovascular tissue forceps medical term. What does Gerbode cardiovascular tissue forceps mean?
Bordetella vaccine is given to aid in the prevention of Kennel Cough, the most prevalent upper respiratory problem in dogs in the United States. The condition is also known as tracheobronchitis, canine infectious tracheobronchitis, Bordetellosis, or Bordetella. It is highly contagious in dogs. The disease is found worldwide and will infect a very high percentage of dogs in their lifetime ...
The owner of a Web site which features a quadruped useful in many ways to human beings has received a letter from mlearned friends representing BAA, the airport operator, threatening legal action. The Register reader, who owns the baa.com domain name, says that his site displays pictures and information about sheep but the BAA feels that such a site infringes its rights. Owner Tom Bourke, who says the site has been ill for the last four weeks (scrapie, we wonder?), said: The site displays pictures and information about, yes, youve guessed it, sheep. Small white furry animals with nice ears, wool and four legs. I received a call late Wednesday afternoon (your time) from the previous owner of the domain (Michael Lawrie) who had been served with a writ by BAA Plc. The process server had arrived at 10:00 AM and had to wait ten hours. Poor lamb! The writ mentions a number of things. Im waiting to see what it says, as they, err, havent bothered to deliver it yet to myself, the company I am ...
Airport owner BAA has posted a loss of more than £200m for the first three months of the year, despite passenger numbers at flagship airport Heathrow hitting a record high.
Continutul acestui blog (imagini/text )constituie proprietatea companiei SC PARTY STUFF SRL,agentia partener FABERLIC pentru Romania si nu poate fi folosit integral sau partial fara permisiunea acesteia, in concordanta cu legea nr 8/1996, privind dreptul de autor si drepturile conexe. ...
Twelve avian diseases are listed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), although more than 100 infectious diseases have been described in commercial poultry. This article summarises a recent assessment of the biosecurity risks posed by non-listed avian diseases associated with imports of chilled or frozen chicken meat and meat products into New Zealand. Following the guidelines described in Chapter 2.1 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, avian adenovirus splenomegaly virus, avian paramyxovirus-2 (APMV 2), Bordetella avium, Mycoplasma spp., Ureaplasma spp., Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, Riemerella anatipestifer, and Salmonella arizonae have been identified as hazards ...
Frank A. Gerbode wrote of a method known as traumatic incident reduction (TIR).[citation needed] He is an Honors graduate of Stanford University and later pursued graduate studies in philosophy at Cambridge University. He received his medical degree from Yale University, and completed a psychiatric residency at Stanford University Medical Center in the early 1970s. Gerbode is the author of numerous papers and articles, which have been published in the Journal of Neurochemistry, the International Journal of Neuropharmacology, the Journal of Rational Emotive and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, IRM Newsletter and elsewhere. They include at least one article in Nature He teaches and lectures internationally, and is the author of Beyond Psychology: An Introduction to Metapsychology (ISBN 1-887927-00-X), published in 1988. This book provided the first published description of TIR. He edited the special issue Trauma treatment techniques : innovative trends of Haworth Presss Journal of Aggression, ...
VTEC are a group of strains of E. coli, which cause severe bloody diarrhoea. VTEC infections can lead to the development of haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which is the main cause of kidney failure among children. HUS can cause other life-long complications including seizures, bowel perforation and blindness. Ireland currently has the highest incidence of VTEC infections compared to any other European country. There are no vaccines available to protect children and immunocompromised adults against VTEC infections. Due to the risk of patients experiencing severe symptoms and complications, there is an urgent need for a vaccine against this infection. Bacterial proteins involved in host cell attachment have previously been shown to be efficacious prophylactic vaccine antigens for other infections. We have shown that an O157 strain, NCTC12900 has 1.3-fold higher binding to HT29 cells than the commensal strain, HS (P=0.0162). We have used a proteomic approach to identify the bacterial proteins involved in
Editors Comment: The exceptional high resolution images afforded to us using CMR must always be interpreted with the same degree of caution and attention as any other imaging modality. A unique opportunity to really define the area of interest with CMR with multiple cross cuts though the suspected VSD, high resolution cine imaging, along with in-plane and through-plane phase contrast flow imaging of the membranous interventricular septum would be likely to differentiate eccentric tricuspid regurgitation from a Gerbode defect. References ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Broad Agency Announcement (BAA): Staged Vaccine Development (SVD) NIAID-DAIDS-NIHAI2014014 NOT-AI-14-065. NIAID
Today in downtown Ewell we had a very nice surprise a cheque for 250. It came from BAA. Here with me now is Delia Cordell. What can you tell me Aunite Delia: Well, Dougal. We had a lovely donation from BAA thanks to one of our volunteers who works there. BAA chooses to support some of its staff good causes each year and this year decided to give our Karen 250 to pass on to us. We d like to say a big thank you to Karen for putting us forward and to BAA ...
(007) (Baas & Henne - Rose) Unattributed from Colley Matrix computer poll / Archived from MGoBlue.com Earlier this week Brian discussed the latest iteration of college footballs playoff structure.
Index Fungorum LSID: urn:lsid:indexfungorum.org:names:701094; click here to update this record. Index Fungorum UUID: {2A2B31A5-BAA1-41DE-813A-6DD560B977C0} Please contact Paul Kirk if you have any additions or errors to report. Data contributors.. back to previous page. ...
Using antisera raised against serotype 2 and 3 fimbrial subunits from Bordetella pertussis, serologically related polypeptides were detected in Bordetella bronchiseptica, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella avium strains. The two B. pertussis fimbrial subunits, and three of the serologically related B. bronchiseptica polypeptides, were shown to be very similar in amino ... read more acid composition and N-terminal amino acid sequence. Homology was observed between the N-termini of these polypeptides, and fimbrial subunits from Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae and Proteus mirabilis. A synthetic oligonucleotide probe, derived from the N-terminal sequence of the B. pertussis serotype 2 fimbrial subunit, was used to identify fimbrial genes in genomic Southern blots. The results suggested the presence of multiple fimbrial subunit genes in B. pertussis, B. bronchiseptica and B. parapertussis. The DNA probe was used to clone one of the three tentative fimbrial subunit genes detected in B. ...
5] Binns, S. H., Corkill, J. E., Dawson, S., Gaskell, R. M., Hart, C. A., Kariuki, S., Osborn, A. M., Saunders, J. R., and Speakman, A. J. 1997. Characterization of antibiotic resistance plasmids from Bordetella bronchiseptica. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 40: 811-816. [[6] Appel J. G. M., Bemis, A. D., and Greisen, A. H. 1977. Pathogenesis of canine bordetellosis. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 135: 753-762. [[7] Vanderzee, A, Mooi, F., Emben, J. V., and Musser, J. Molecular evolution and host adaptation of Bordetella spp.: phylogenetic analysis using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis and typing with three insertion sequences. 1997. Journal of Bacteriology. 179: 6609-6617. [[8] Roberts, M., and Stevenson, A. 2003. Use of Bordetella bronchiseptica and Bordetella pertussis as live vaccines and vectors for heterologous antigens. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology. 37: 121-128. [[9] Arico, B. and Rappuoli, R. Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella ...
We compared exemplar strains from two hypervirulent clonal complexes, strain NMB-CDC from ST-8/11 cc and strain MC58 from ST-32/269 cc, in host cell attachment and invasion. Strain NMB-CDC attached to and invaded host cells at a significantly greater frequency than strain MC58. Type IV pili retained the primary role for initial attachment to host cells for both isolates regardless of pilin class and glycosylation pattern. In strain MC58, the serogroup B capsule was the major inhibitory determinant affecting both bacterial attachment to and invasion of host cells. Removal of terminal sialylation of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) in the presence of capsule did not influence rates of attachment or invasion for strain MC58. However, removal of either serogroup B capsule or LOS sialylation in strain NMB-CDC increased bacterial attachment to host cells to the same extent. Although the level of inhibition of attachment by capsule was different between these strains, the regulation of the capsule synthesis ...
Walls said the success of the low-cost airlines - such as EasyJet - was opening up the market, and the strength of sterling had made air travel cheaper.. For the first time this year, the increase in retail income - which grew by 7.5% - outstripped the increase in passenger numbers passing through BAA airports. But revenue could be hit by the potential loss of revenue from duty free sales, set to be abolished on 30 June.. To compensate for this loss we are allowed to increase landing charges, said BAAs Walls.. ...
After all our work up we talked with Dr Bradley, the surgeon. He explained what will happen in the surgery. He will be removing her shunt and suturing her Superior Vena Cava directly to her pulmonary artery. This will bring blue blood directly to her lungs. He said she also has a narrowing on the left pulmonary artery which he will enlarge by using a patch of human tissue. She also has a narrowing of the Y connection that was put connecting her aorta to her pulmonary artery so he will be putting a patch on that to make it larger as well. He said surgery tomororw will take about 6 hours. We have to be at the hospital tomorrow morning at 5:30 am. Anesthesia will take her back about 6:15 am or 6:30 am to start her anesthesia and get all the IVs and lines run and to get her intubated as well. Then she will be put on heart/lung bypass. Just like last time they will give us a pager anf give us updates about every hour with how she is doing during the surgery. After surgery she will go back to ...
Thanks for C. E. Nortons address.. Tyndalls answer [Nature 8 (1873): 399] has surprised and disappointed him;. great trouble in announcing Tyndalls election as President Elect [of BAAS] yesterday. Tyndall may throw up the Presidency. Spottiswoode and JDH have concocted a letter telling him the facts.. A very poor dull meeting. Comments on papers by W. C. Williamson, Clerk Maxwell, David Ferrier, Burdon Sanderson [Rep. BAAS 43: lxx-xci, 23-32,126-7, 131-3].. Has heard Huxley is back quite well. ...
Thanks for C. E. Nortons address.. Tyndalls answer [Nature 8 (1873): 399] has surprised and disappointed him;. great trouble in announcing Tyndalls election as President Elect [of BAAS] yesterday. Tyndall may throw up the Presidency. Spottiswoode and JDH have concocted a letter telling him the facts.. A very poor dull meeting. Comments on papers by W. C. Williamson, Clerk Maxwell, David Ferrier, Burdon Sanderson [Rep. BAAS 43: lxx-xci, 23-32,126-7, 131-3].. Has heard Huxley is back quite well. ...
Ive begun submitting spectra to the BAA and BeSS websites but really liked the look of the symbiotic star spectra captured by David Boyd for the ARAS Eruptive stars team. Some fascinating objects with very different spectra.. Heartened by the fact that my spectrum looked in line with Davids I submitted this.... My first submission accepted by ARAS today. ...
Gentry-Weeks CR, Spokes J, Thompson J (March 1995). "beta-Cystathionase from Bordetella avium. Role(s) of lysine 214 and ...
Bordetella MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.075.099 - Bordetella avium MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.075.200 - Bordetella bronchiseptica ... Bordetella MeSH B03.660.075.027.075.024 - Bordetella avium MeSH B03.660.075.027.075.050 - Bordetella bronchiseptica MeSH ... B03.660.075.027.075.590 - Bordetella parapertussis MeSH B03.660.075.027.075.600 - Bordetella pertussis MeSH B03.660.075.027.800 ... MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.075.540 - Bordetella parapertussis MeSH B03.440.400.425.117.075.550 - Bordetella pertussis MeSH ...
Other members of the genus cause similar diseases in other mammals, and in birds (B. hinzii, B. avium). The genus Bordetella is ... After 42 days, the dogs were exposed to Bordetella bronchiseptica. This study determined that the live intranasal Bordetella ... The Bordetella vaccine is also only about 70% effective (Bryant). There are 3 licensed ways to deliver the Bordetella vaccine ... The Bordetella vaccine specifically targets the genus and species Bordetella bronchiseptica, the species typically responsible ...
The genus Bordetella contains nine species: B. pertussis B. parapertussis, B. bronchiseptica, B. avium, B. hinzii, B. holmesii ... 2003). "Comparative analysis of the genome sequences of Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella ... Bordetella pertussis is a Gram-negative, aerobic, pathogenic, encapsulated coccobacillus of the genus Bordetella, and the ... Nieves DJ, Heininger U (2016). "Bordetella pertussis". Bordetella pertussis. Microbiology Spectrum. 4. pp. 311-339. doi:10.1128 ...
B. bronchiseptica and B. avium are respiratory pathogens of other animals. B. hinzii is not pathogenic and colonizes the ... Bordetella endotoxins are unique to the genus, species, and strain. B. trematum is the only Bordetella species with a semirough ... It is unique in being oxidase negative, since all other species of Bordetella are oxidase positive. Bordetella trematum may be ... Bordetella species typically infect the respiratory tracts of humans, but B. trematum has never been isolated from a human or ...
... is a gram negative, nonfermentative, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium from the genus Bordetella which has ... Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from Patients with Respiratory Disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Jan; ... "Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from Patients with Respiratory Disease - Volume 15, Number 1-January ... Bordetella avium like other Bordetellae is a gram negative coccobacillus. This genus is characterized by small aerobic bacteria ...
Mycobacterium avium avium Mycobacterium intracellulare Other bacteria Chlamydia pneumoniae Mycoplasma pneumoniae Safety and ... Viridans group streptococci Aerobic Gram-negative bacteria Bordetella pertussis Legionella pneumophila Pasteurella multocida ... parainfluenzae Haemophilus influenzae Moraxella catarrhalis Helicobacter Helicobacter pylori Mycobacteria Mycobacterium avium ...
Bartonella Bartonella henselae Bartonella quintana Bordetella Bordetella bronchiseptica Bordetella pertussis Borrelia ... burnetii Ehrlichia chaffeensis Ehrlichia ewingii Eikenella corrodens Enterobacter cloacae Enterococcus Enterococcus avium ... extroquens Microbacterium multiforme Micrococcus luteus Moraxella catarrhalis Mycobacterium Mycobacterium avium Mycobacterium ... aureus Staphylococcus epidermidis Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Streptococcus Streptococcus agalactiae Streptococcus avium ...
... hydroxyclarithromycin is less potent against mycobacterial tuberculosis and the Mycobacterium avium complex. Clarithromycin (20 ... Bordetella pertussis. *Legionella pneumophila. *Pasteurella multocida. Anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria *Clostridium ...
... bordetella infections MeSH C01.252.400.143.740 - whooping cough MeSH C01.252.400.155 - borrelia infections MeSH C01.252.400.155 ... mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection MeSH C01.252.410.040.552.588 - paratuberculosis MeSH C01.252.410.040.552.846 - ...
A Bordetella virus BPP1 Bordetella virus CN1 Bordetella virus CN2 Bordetella virus FP1 Bordetella virus MW2 Bordetella virus ... grapevine viroid Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus Avastrovirus 1 Avastrovirus 2 Avastrovirus 3 Aves ...
"Comparison of modified Bordet-Gengou and modified Regan-Lowe media for the isolation of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella ... Examples of these opportunistic pathogens include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cenocepacia, and Mycobacterium avium. ...
Kategori ini digunakan untuk mendata artikel-artikel. Halaman yang ada di kategori ini berasal dari penggunaan templat {{Bakteri-stub}} ...
M. avium complex/Mycobacterium avium/Mycobacterium intracellulare/MAP *MAI infection. *M. ulcerans *Buruli ulcer ...
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex infection. *Mycobacterium haemophilum infection. *Mycobacterium kansasii infection. ...
Bordetella avium is a gram negative, nonfermentative, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium from the genus Bordetella which has ... Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from Patients with Respiratory Disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Jan; ... "Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from Patients with Respiratory Disease - Volume 15, Number 1-January ... Bordetella avium like other Bordetellae is a gram negative coccobacillus. This genus is characterized by small aerobic bacteria ...
... were challenged at 2 weeks of age with one of 7 different isolates of Bordetella avium and 2 isolates of B. avium-like bacteria ... The B. avium-like bacteria and B. avium isolates with rough colony morphology were nonpathogenic. In a third experiment, SPF ... avium at 7 days of age. Chickens vaccinated and challenged with B. avium developed clinical signs and lesions similar to ... Isolates of B. avium with the smooth colony type were pathogenic in turkeys but not in chickens. ...
Sulfur metabolism - Bordetella avium [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show description , User ...
Bordetella avium (strain 197N)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,Q2KYF5,Q2KYF5_BORA1 Uncharacterized protein OS=Bordetella avium (strain 197N) OX=360910 GN=BAV2305 PE=4 SV=1 ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Betaproteobacteria › Burkholderiales › Alcaligenaceae › Bordetella › ...
Bordetella avium (strain 197N). Bordetella avium. Bordetella pseudohinzii. Achromobacter sp.. Bordetella holmesii CDC-H585-BH. ... Bordetella avium (strain 197N). ,p>This subsection of the Names and taxonomy section shows the unique identifier assigned by ... sp,Q2L1L0,PCKG_BORA1 Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase [GTP] OS=Bordetella avium (strain 197N) GN=pckG PE=3 SV=1 ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Betaproteobacteria › Burkholderiales › Alcaligenaceae › Bordetella › ...
Flattened upper third of the trachea in a turkey poult infected with B avium . ...
Bordetella avium , trachea, 3 days after infection. Scanning electron microscopy of a trachea from a poult 3 days after ...
... avium-like strain. Thus, B. avium and B. avium-like organisms are rare opportunistic human pathogens. ... However, 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified 2 isolates from 2 humans with respiratory disease as B. avium and a novel B. ... Bordetella avium is thought to be strictly an avian pathogen. ... Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from ... Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from Patients with Respiratory Disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases ...
... avium and B. avium-like DNA, respectively. A 6.75-kb DNA fragment encoding the B. avium 21-kDa protein was subcloned into the ... Three gene libraries of Bordetella avium 197 DNA were prepared in Escherichia coli LE392 by using the cosmid vectors pCP13 and ... Cloning and sequencing of a gene encoding a 21-kilodalton outer membrane protein from Bordetella avium and expression of the ... Cloning and sequencing of a gene encoding a 21-kilodalton outer membrane protein from Bordetella avium and expression of the ...
We examined Bordetella avium for virulence factors common to Bordetella pertussis, including pertussis toxin, filamentous ... Dermonecrotic toxin and tracheal cytotoxin, putative virulence factors of Bordetella avium.. C R Gentry-Weeks, B T Cookson, W E ... Dermonecrotic toxin and tracheal cytotoxin, putative virulence factors of Bordetella avium.. C R Gentry-Weeks, B T Cookson, W E ... Dermonecrotic toxin and tracheal cytotoxin, putative virulence factors of Bordetella avium.. C R Gentry-Weeks, B T Cookson, W E ...
Bordetella parapertussis, and Bordetella bronchiseptica cause respiratory tract disease in mammals, whereas Bordetella avium ... Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis of B. avium.The presence of B. avium fimbriae was examined by TEM. B. avium was ... Comparative analysis of the genome sequences of Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica. ... avium fimbriae blocked the adherence of whole-cell preparations of B. avium to explants (9). Furthermore, B. avium fhaC and ...
A nonsporulating, gram-negative coccobacillus that causes respiratory infections in birds Explanation of Bordetella avium ... Looking for Bordetella avium? Find out information about Bordetella avium. ... Related to Bordetella avium: Bordetella bronchiseptica, Bordetella hinzii, Alcaligenes faecalis Bordetella avium. [‚bȯr·də‚tel· ... Bordetella avium is thought to be strictly an avian pathogen.. Prevalence of Bordetella avium infection in selected wild and ...
Bordetella avium, trachea, 7 days after infection. Scanning electron microscopy of a trachea from a poult 7 days after ... infection, showing mucus and individual B avium on the luminal surface. The tracheal lining is completely devoid of ciliated ...
Birds, like animals such as pigs and dogs, can suffer from bordetellosis. This is a bacterial disease that particularly affects the respiratory system.
... from Bordetella avium 197N. Plus protein sequence and external database links. ... Domain assignment for gi,187478965,ref,YP_786989.1, from Bordetella avium 197N. Domain architecture ...
Bordetellosis-Bordetella Avium. $20.00. Bordetella avium is a Gram-negative, no fermentative, strictly aerobic, motile ... Bordetella avium is a Gram-negative, no fermentative, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium from the genus Bordetella. Bordetella ... Bordetella avium is mainly responsible for the animal disease bordetellosis in wild and domesticated birds. This highly ... B avium is easily carried between farms. Thus, prevention should include a good biosecurity program. Rigorous cleanup and ...
Bordetella Bordetella Avium Bordetella Infections Dispatch Humans Male Middle Aged Opportunistic Infections Phylogeny Pneumonia ... Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from Patients with Respiratory Disease ... avium-like strain. Thus, B. avium and B. avium-like organisms are rare opportunistic human pathogens. ... Bordetella avium is thought to be strictly an avian pathogen. However, 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified 2 isolates from 2 ...
... from Bordetella avium 197N. Plus protein sequence and external database links. ... Domain assignment for gi,187477524,ref,YP_785548.1, from Bordetella avium 197N. Domain architecture ... chemotaxis-specific methylesterase [Bordetella avium 197N]. Sequence. ...
In a related manner, Bordetella avium is a Gram negative species of bacteria that causes bordetellosis in poultry. This disease ... A B. avium transconjugant containing the chimeric cja::baa1construct was isolated. Future work will involve gene expression and ... The aim of this project was to construct a vaccine platform capable of immunizing poultry against both pathogens-B. avium and C ... A heterologous construct can be made utilizing the B. avium autotransporter Baa1 that plays a role in host cell attachment. ...
Bordetella avium - BA (ELISA). Specimen Requirements: 1 ml serum. Shipping Container: tube ...
Organism bav: Bordetella avium. to run JSim applets. See JSim Kegg models page for comlete list of Kegg models. ...
CCUG 14270 Bordetella avium. overview. species name. Bordetella avium. all known species names for this strain. ...
Hinz 270-80 Bordetella avium. overview. species name. Bordetella avium. all known species names for this strain. ...
Bordetella avium 197N. 4. Corynebacterium glutamicum DSM20300. 5. Brevundimonas diminuta LMG 2088. 5. Lactobacillus plantarum ...
Bordetella avium, 14. Bordetella bronchiseptica, 14, 334. Bordetella parapertussis, 14. Bordetella pertussis, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14 ...
Antimicrobial sensitivity testing of Australian isolates of Bordetella avium and the Bordetella avium -like organism ... Antimicrobial sensitivity testing of Australian isolates of Bordetella avium and the Bordetella avium -like organism. ... The in vitro sensitivity of 16 Australian isolates of Bordetella avium and 15 isolates of B. avium -like organisms to 11 ... Bordetella avium; Bordetella; Bordetella; Gracilicutes; Bacteria; Prokaryotes. ...
... avium-like strain. Thus, B. avium and B. avium-like organisms are rare opportunistic human pathogens. ... However, 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified 2 isolates from 2 humans with respiratory disease as B. avium and a novel B. ... Bordetella avium is thought to be strictly an avian pathogen. ... Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from ... Isolation of Bordetella avium and Novel Bordetella Strain from Patients with Respiratory Disease. ...
... caused by Bordetella avium, has been an issue for turkey industry since its first description in 1967 when it was reported f ... Iran Turkey Molecular identification Phylogenetic tree Bordetella avium © 2020, Archives of Razi Institute. Razi Vaccine and ... Bordetella avium causes a highly contagious upper respiratory disease in turkeys. Therefore, this study aimed to isolate and ... Bordetellosis or turkey coryza, caused by Bordetella avium, has been an issue for turkey industry since its first description ...
We have also been funded by the USDA to sequence the genome of Bordetella avium strain 197N in collaboration with Louise Temple ... Comparative analysis of the genome sequences of Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica.. ... Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica. B. pertussis, and occasionally B. parapertussis, ... Bordetella parapertussis 12822: ATCC BAA-587, NCTC 13253 Bordetella bronchiseptica RB50: ATCC BAA-588, NCTC 13252 Bordetella ...
Gentry-Weeks CR, Spokes J, Thompson J (March 1995). "beta-Cystathionase from Bordetella avium. Role(s) of lysine 214 and ...
  • Although B. avium is thought to be strictly an animal pathogen that causes tracheobronchitis in wild and domesticated birds ( 1 , 2 ), infections in birds share many of the clinical and histopathologic features of disease in mammals caused by B. pertussis and B. bronchiseptica ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • We examined Bordetella avium for virulence factors common to Bordetella pertussis, including pertussis toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin, adenylate cyclase, dermonecrotic toxin, and tracheal cytotoxin. (asm.org)
  • High-pressure liquid chromatography of B. avium culture supernatant fluid revealed the presence of a tracheal cytotoxin chemically identical to that produced by B. pertussis. (asm.org)
  • B. avium isolates were negative for B. pertussis-like filamentous hemagglutinin and pertussis toxin when assayed with antibody against B. pertussis filamentous hemagglutinin and pertussis toxin. (asm.org)
  • Furthermore, B. avium failed to induce the clustered CHO cell morphology characteristic of pertussis toxin. (asm.org)
  • Since production of virulence proteins by B. pertussis is regulated by growth in media containing nicotinamide or MgSO4 or by growth at reduced temperatures, we determined the effect of these supplements and growth conditions on production of dermonecrotic toxin by B. avium. (asm.org)
  • These studies revealed that B. avium is similar to B. pertussis in that both species produce a dermonecrotic toxin and a tracheal cytotoxin and production of dermonecrotic toxin is regulated by nicotinamide and MgSO4. (asm.org)
  • Bordetella pertussis , Bordetella parapertussis , and Bordetella bronchiseptica cause respiratory tract disease in mammals, whereas Bordetella avium causes respiratory tract disease in avian hosts. (asm.org)
  • For example, Bordetella bronchiseptica and Bordetella pertussis fim mutants are defective in colonization of mouse respiratory tracts and fimbriae are required for persistence in the trachea ( 7 , 14 , 15 ), demonstrating their importance in vivo . (asm.org)
  • Bordetella pertussis , Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica . (sanger.ac.uk)
  • The Sanger Institute has been funded by the Wellcome Trust to sequence the genomes of Bordetella pertussis strain Tohama I, B. parapertussis strain 12822 and B. bronchiseptica strain RB50 in collaboration with Duncan Maskell and Andrew Preston of the Centre for Veterinary Science, Dept. of Clinical Veterinary medicine, The University of Cambridge. (sanger.ac.uk)
  • The sequences and analysis are described in: Parkhill et al (2003) Comparative analysis of the genome sequences of Bordetella pertussis , Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica . (sanger.ac.uk)
  • The most thoroughly studied of the Bordetella species are B. bronchiseptica, B. pertussis and B. parapertussis, and the pathogenesis of respiratory disease caused by these bacteria has been reviewed. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also provided nasopharyngeal aspirates or, in a few centers, swab samples for culture and/or PCR detection of Bordetella pertussis and an acute blood sample for detection of anti-PT immunoglobulin G (IgG). (asm.org)
  • The organism would go through at least four more name changes before Moreno-Lopez founded and described the genus Bordetella (After the first man to isolate the pertussis-causing organism, Jules Bordet). (kenyon.edu)
  • Bordetella bronchiseptica is mostly closely related to Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis, both of which is believed to have risen originally from Bordtella bronchiseptica. (kenyon.edu)
  • It has also had its genome sequenced, primarily to derive data in comparison to its relative Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough in humans. (kenyon.edu)
  • PCR is increasingly being used as a diagnostic test for the detection of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis DNA, as it has improved sensitivity and specificity in comparison to conventional techniques. (asm.org)
  • The real-time PCR for IS 481 detects both B. pertussis and Bordetella holmesii , and the real-time PCR for IS 1001 detects both B. parapertussis and B. holmesii . (asm.org)
  • Bordetella pertussis is the causative agent of whooping cough (pertussis), an infectious disease that occurs worldwide with a high prevalence among young unvaccinated infants ( 1 , 27 ) and recently has reemerged in highly vaccinated populations ( 10 ). (asm.org)
  • Pertussis-like symptoms are also caused by related species of bacteria, including Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella holmesii ( 16 ), although B. parapertussis infections are usually less severe ( 8 ). (asm.org)
  • The genus Bordetella consists of nine species that include important respiratory pathogens such as the 'classical' species B. bronchiseptica , B. pertussis and B. parapertussis and six more distantly related and less extensively studied species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Gene loss was more frequent than gene gain throughout the evolution, and loss of hundreds of genes was associated with the origin of several species, including the recently evolved human-restricted B. pertussis and B. holmesii , B. parapertussis and the avian pathogen B. avium . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genus Bordetella belongs to the class Betaproteobacteria and contains nine species that include the so-called 'classical' bordetellae consisting of B. pertussis , B. parapertussis and B. bronchiseptica . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Pertussis is an acute respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Bordetella pertussis , B. parapertussis , and B. bronchiseptica share greater than 90% of their deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequences and would not warrant separate species designations except that the distinctions are useful for clinical purposes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bordetella pertussis is an obligate human pathogen and is the causative agent of whooping cough (pertussis). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bordetella pertussis is spread by coughing and has no environmental reservoir other than infected humans. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Bordetella pertussis/parapertussis real-time PCR kit expands the syndrome-specific menu offering through our partner assays with a test that is timely and highly relevant in meeting the market need. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bordetella avium is a gram negative, nonfermentative, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium from the genus Bordetella which has been isolated from patients with respiratory disease (cystic fibrosis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bordetella avium is a Gram-negative, no fermentative, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium from the genus Bordetella. (iqbirdtesting.com)
  • The genus Bordetella comprises several bacterial species that colonize the respiratory tract of mammals. (frontiersin.org)
  • The genus Bordetella comprises several bacterial species, which are pathogenic to animals and humans. (frontiersin.org)
  • Bacteria of the genus Bordetella are known as colonizers of human and animal respiratory tracts. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Bordetella genus contains at the moment a dozen species, of which at least five are responsible for respiratory diseases in humans and/or animals. (mdpi.com)
  • Bordetella is a genus of small (0.2 - 0.7 µm), Gram-negative coccobacilli of the phylum Proteobacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other members of the genus cause similar diseases in other mammals, and in birds (B. hinzii, B. avium). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bordetella genus is named after Jules Bordet. (wikipedia.org)
  • B. avium, in the genus of bacterial pathogens that cause diseases such as whooping cough and kennel cough in various mammals, is an economically important pathogen of birds. (jmu.edu)
  • While its genome does encode complete pathways for biosynthesis of needed intermediates, Bordetella bronchiseptica and the genus Bordetella in general do not use sugars as a carbon source. (kenyon.edu)
  • Acquisition and loss of multiple genes drive the evolution and speciation in the genus Bordetella , including large scale gene loss associated with the origin of several species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The publicly available CRISPRfinder program [ 11 ] identified CRISPR- cas loci in 45 % (1176/2612) of the bacterial genomes analyzed, but CRISPR-Cas systems have not been identified within the genus Bordetella . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The analysis of the sequences indicated that the sequences were 98%, 96%, and 98% similar to B. avium 197N (AM167904.1), 4142 (AY925058.1), and 4156 (AY925068.1) sequences, respectively. (kowsarpub.com)
  • CC Bordetella avium 197N, complete genome. (univ-lyon1.fr)
  • Similar to B. avium , B. hinzii and B. trematum lipids A, the hydroxytetradecanoic acid at the C-2′ position are carrying in secondary linkage a 2-hydroxytetradecanoic acid residue resulting of post-traductional biosynthesis modifications. (mdpi.com)
  • B. hinzii , B. holmesii , B. avium , B. trematum , B. petrii and B. ansorpii (Table 1 ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1995 . Bordetella hinzii sp. (asmscience.org)
  • Of the 9 species of Bordetella ( B. ) identified to date, B. bronchiseptica , B. parapertussis and B. holmesii are associated with respiratory infections in humans and other mammals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bordetella parapertussis causes a milder form of disease in humans and also causes respiratory infections in sheep. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • B. avium is primarily a disease of turkeys, although the organism has been shown to infect chickens and other avian species. (tamu.edu)
  • Thus, B. avium and B. avium -like organisms are rare opportunistic human pathogens. (cdc.gov)
  • We describe 2 isolates, B. avium and a novel strain resembling B. avium , isolated from 2 patients with pneumonia, thereby demonstrating that B. avium and B. avium-like organisms are opportunistic human pathogens. (cdc.gov)
  • The aim of this project was to construct a vaccine platform capable of immunizing poultry against both pathogens- B. avium and C. jejuni -thus reducing disease in birds and humans. (jmu.edu)
  • The discoveries from studying the interaction of Bordetella species with amoeba will elicit a better understanding of the evolutionary history of these and other important human pathogens. (frontiersin.org)
  • Often these other pathogens accompany B. avium , exacerbating the clinical disease. (tamu.edu)
  • In the 2 experiments, groups of young commercial turkeys and SPF chickens, respectively, were challenged at 2 weeks of age with one of 7 different isolates of Bordetella avium and 2 isolates of B. avium -like bacteria. (cabi.org)
  • Isolates of B. avium with the smooth colony type were pathogenic in turkeys but not in chickens. (cabi.org)
  • The B. avium -like bacteria and B. avium isolates with rough colony morphology were nonpathogenic. (cabi.org)
  • However, 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified 2 isolates from 2 humans with respiratory disease as B. avium and a novel B. avium- like strain. (cdc.gov)
  • The in vitro sensitivity of 16 Australian isolates of Bordetella avium and 15 isolates of B. avium -like organisms to 11 antimicrobial agents or combinations of agents was determined using a microtitre plate system to establish minimal inhibitory concentrations. (qld.gov.au)
  • All the B. avium isolates were sensitive to ampicillin but resistant to erythromycin, lincomycin, spectinomycin, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim and lincomycin with spectinomycin. (qld.gov.au)
  • Most of the B. avium isolates were sensitive to tetracycline and resistant to streptomycin and sulfadiazine. (qld.gov.au)
  • All the B. avium -like isolates were sensitive to sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. (qld.gov.au)
  • Using Polymerase Chain Reactions (PCR) and Sanger DNA sequencing, we discovered CRISPRs in additional bacterial isolates of the same species of Bordetella . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here we describe a novel Type II-C CRISPR and its associated genes- cas1 , cas2, and cas9 -in several isolates of a newly discovered Bordetella species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although less common, B. avium can also transmit to chickens as an opportunistic infection, and wildlife species where prevalence is still being evaluated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevalence of Bordetella avium infection in selected wild and domesticated birds in the eastern USA. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Scanning electron microscopy of a trachea from a poult 7 days after infection, showing mucus and individual B avium on the luminal surface. (msdvetmanual.com)
  • Bordetella bronchiseptica ( B.bronchiseptica ) is a frequent cause of respiratory infections in animals but rarely causes serious infection in humans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Prevention of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection in patients with advanced HIV infection. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • B. avium adheres and colonizes the cilia of the epithelial cells of the upper respiratory tract making it difficult for the bird to mount an effective immune response to rid the bird of the infection. (tamu.edu)
  • The recommended dose of ZITHROMAX for the prevention of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease is: 1200 mg taken once weekly. (rxlist.com)
  • Bordetellosis or turkey coryza, caused by Bordetella avium , has been an issue for turkey industry since its first description in 1967 when it was reported for the first time. (kowsarpub.com)
  • For vaccination of healthy turkeys as an aid in the prevention of rhinotracheitis (turkey coryza) caused by Bordetella avium. (merck-animal-health-usa.com)
  • B. avium has a global distribution, that mainly affects young domesticated turkeys. (wikipedia.org)
  • B. avium infects both wild and domesticated birds, but commercially raised turkeys are particularly susceptible ( 8 , 18 ). (asm.org)
  • Bordetella avium is mainly responsible for the animal disease bordetellosis in wild and domesticated birds. (iqbirdtesting.com)
  • A related species, B. avium causes disease (bordetellosis) in commercially grown turkeys, but is also found in a variety of healthy wild and domesticated birds. (sanger.ac.uk)
  • Identification of Bordetella avium sp. (meta.org)
  • B. avium is a bird pathogen that causes coryza and rhinotracheitis in poultry. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In preliminary studies on oral inoculation of turkey poults with S. typhimurium chi 3987 expressing the gene encoding the B. avium 21-kDa protein, it was determined that a single dose of the recombinant Salmonella vaccine failed to elicit serum antibodies against the 21-kDa protein and challenge with wild-type B. avium 197 resulted in colonization of the trachea and thymus with B. avium 197. (asm.org)
  • Bordetella avium: an opportunistic pathogen in leghorn chickens. (cabi.org)
  • It is concluded that B. avium is an opportunistic pathogen in SPF leghorn chickens. (cabi.org)
  • Bordetella avium is thought to be strictly an avian pathogen. (cdc.gov)
  • Bordetella holmesii can cause invasive infections but can also be isolated from the respiratory tract of patients with whooping-cough like symptoms. (mdpi.com)
  • Chickens vaccinated and challenged with B. avium developed clinical signs and lesions similar to bordetellosis in turkeys. (cabi.org)
  • The presence of dermonecrotic toxin and tracheal cytotoxin in all Bordetella species indicates that these products may be important virulence factors in bordetellosis. (asm.org)
  • Bordetella avium is the etiological agent of bordetellosis, a highly contagious upper respiratory tract disease of avian species. (asm.org)
  • In a related manner, Bordetella avium is a Gram negative species of bacteria that causes bordetellosis in poultry. (jmu.edu)
  • Bordetellosis is a highly contagious upper respiratory tract disease of poultry caused by Bordetella avium , a gram-negative motile aerobic rod-shaped bacterium. (tamu.edu)
  • We report the repeated isolation of Bordetella petrii as extracellular bacteria that secrete adhesins and toxins in the sputum of a 79-year-old female patient with diffuse adapted to their hosts ( 10 ). (cdc.gov)
  • A medium was developed that in most instances allowed the isolation from pigs of Bordetella (Alcaligenes) bronchiseptica in pure, or virtually pure, culture from such sites as the nasal cavity, which contains many other bacteria. (meta.org)
  • It is believed that the species diverged 3.5 million years ago through decay of the Bordetella brochiseptica genome, as seen through a large-scale gene loss of the two subsequent species. (kenyon.edu)
  • The CRISPR- cas locus, which is absent in all other Bordetella species, has a significantly lower GC-content than the genome-wide average, suggesting acquisition of this locus via horizontal gene transfer from a currently unknown source. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Routine bacterial culture of BAL fluid isolated a pure culture that was identified as Bordetella spp. (cdc.gov)
  • An early step in Bordetella pathogenesis is bacterial adherence to host structures. (asm.org)
  • Unlike most other Bordetella toxins, tracheal cytotoxin is expressed constitutively, being a normal product of the breakdown of the bacterial cell wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Stockwell pursues her interest in host-bacterial interactions through two main avenues of research- Bordetella avium/ turkey pathogenicity and Bradyrhizobium japonicum /soybean symbiosis. (jmu.edu)
  • Bordetella avium like other Bordetellae is a gram negative coccobacillus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike other Bordetellae, B. avium is motile and can grow in a filamentous form when grown in nutrient rich broth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unexpected similarities between Bordetella avium and other pathogenic bordetellae. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chlamydia trachomatis , Mycobacterium avium , Mycobacterium leprae . (mims.com)
  • Such studies are guiding the development of B. avium live-attenuated vaccines for use in the poultry industry. (jmu.edu)
  • Bordetella species, with the exception of B. petrii, are obligate aerobes, as well as highly fastidious, or difficult to culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Small backyard turkey flocks a mile from large commercial farms have shown isolated infections of B. avium. (wikipedia.org)
  • A condition of turkeys possibly associated with Bordetella avium (previously designated Alkaligenes faecalis ) infections. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Disseminated mycobacterial infections due to Mycobacterium avium or Mycobacterium intracellulare . (mims.com)
  • Bordetella avium causes a highly contagious upper respiratory disease in turkeys. (kowsarpub.com)
  • Transcription of many of the genes encoding Bordetella virulence determinants, including fimbriae, is regulated by the BvgAS two-component signal transduction system. (asm.org)
  • Together with undergraduate researchers (approximately 7-10 each semester), Dr. Stockwell and Temple work to identify and characterize various B. avium genes involved in turkey tracheal attachment and host cell toxicity. (jmu.edu)
  • Moreover, one of my first research projects involved studying the disease genes of Bordetella avium, the bacteria that causes. (wyzant.com)
  • The expression of many Bordetella adhesins and toxins is controlled by the two-component regulatory system BvgAS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dermonecrotic toxin and tracheal cytotoxin, putative virulence factors of Bordetella avium. (asm.org)
  • B. avium produced a dermonecrotic toxin and a tracheal cytotoxin. (asm.org)
  • The dermonecrotic toxin of B. avium is a 155,000-molecular-weight, heat-labile protein which was lethal for mice, guinea pigs, young chickens, and turkey poults and produced dermonecrosis when injected intradermally into guinea pigs, chickens, and turkey poults. (asm.org)
  • Production of dermonecrotic toxin in B. avium was not altered by growth in media containing 100 microM FeSO4 or 500 micrograms of nicotinamide per ml or by growth at 25 or 42 degrees C, but production was significantly decreased by growth in media containing 20 mM MgSO4 and slightly reduced by growth in media containing 500 micrograms of nicotinic acid per ml. (asm.org)
  • Other bacteria recycle this molecule back into the cytoplasm, but in Bordetella and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, it is released into the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Good management practice and biosecurity protocols are essential for controlling disease caused by B. avium as the efficacy of antibiotics treatments for disease are variable, and prevention with vaccinations may not provide complete protection. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been suggested that wildlife species act mainly as a reservoir and it is unclear if B. avium acts as part of the normal flora in wild bird populations or is a causative agent of disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a third experiment, SPF leghorn chicks were vaccinated at 1 day of age with infectious bronchitis virus, Newcastle disease virus, or both and then challenged with B. avium at 7 days of age. (cabi.org)
  • Several Bordetella species have been associated with respiratory disease in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Human cases of respiratory disease associated with B. avium have only recently been reported in patients with cystic fibrosis ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Bordetella bronchiseptica has the broadest host range, causing disease in many mammalian species, but kennel cough in dogs and atrophic rhinitis, in which infected piglets develop deformed nasal passages, have the biggest economic impact. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bordetella bronchiseptica is a minute, gram-negative rod-shaped coccobacilli about .5-1 micrometers in diameter and 5 micrometers in length. (kenyon.edu)
  • From a veterinary perspective B. bronchiseptica and B. avium are important. (frontiersin.org)
  • Cloning and sequencing of a gene encoding a 21-kilodalton outer membrane protein from Bordetella avium and expression of the gene in Salmonella typhimurium. (asm.org)
  • One E. coli recombinant clone produced a 56-kDa protein which reacted with convalescent-phase serum from a turkey infected with B. avium 197. (asm.org)
  • At least one of these E. coli clones, which encoded the 21-kDa protein, reacted with both convalescent-phase turkey sera and antibody against B. avium 197 outer membrane proteins. (asm.org)
  • A 6.75-kb DNA fragment encoding the B. avium 21-kDa protein was subcloned into the Asd+ vector pYA292, and the construct was introduced into the avirulent delta cya delta crp delta asd S. typhimurium chi 3987 for oral immunization of birds. (asm.org)
  • The gene encoding the 21-kDa protein was expressed equivalently in B. avium 197, delta asd E. coli chi 6097, and S. typhimurium chi 3987 and was localized primarily in the cytoplasmic membrane and outer membrane. (asm.org)
  • The pathogenesis of B. avium is through fimbrial attachment to the respiratory epithelium and release of a variety of virulence factors, leading to respiratory symptoms, such as sneezing, ocular and nasal discharge, and inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sanger Institute has completed a project to sequence further strains within the Bordetella bronchiseptica complex to investigate the evolutionary history and host tropism differences within this group of organsims. (sanger.ac.uk)
  • Pathogenic B. avium produces pearlescent colonies of 200-1000μm in diameter. (wikipedia.org)
  • B. avium is not able to transmit via vertical transmission, but it can transmit by direct contact between birds and remain in the environment in litter, food, and water for as long as 6 months.B. avium also has a short incubation of only 7-10 days allowing for easy and rapid transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are assembled by a single chaperone/usher system encoded by the fimbrial biogenesis operon fimA-D . B. avium contains a homologous fimbrial operon ( BAV1965 - 1962 ), and we report here the functionality of this locus. (asm.org)