Border disease virus: A species of PESTIVIRUS causing a congenital sheep disease characterized by an abnormally hairy birth-coat, tremors, and poor growth.Border Disease: Congenital disorder of lambs caused by a virus closely related to or identical with certain strains of bovine viral diarrhea virus.Rupicapra: A genus of ruminants in the family Bovidae. The common name chamois usually refers to the species Rupicapra rupicapra. Rupicapra pyrenaica, found in the Pyrenees, is more properly referred to as the Pyrenean chamois.Pestivirus: A genus of FLAVIVIRIDAE, also known as mucosal disease virus group, which is not arthropod-borne. Transmission is by direct and indirect contact, and by transplacental and congenital transmission. Species include BORDER DISEASE VIRUS, bovine viral diarrhea virus (DIARRHEA VIRUS, BOVINE VIRAL), and CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER VIRUS.Diarrhea Viruses, Bovine Viral: A group of viruses in the genus PESTIVIRUS, causing diarrhea, fever, oral ulcerations, hemorrhagic syndrome, and various necrotic lesions among cattle and other domestic animals. The two species (genotypes), BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 , exhibit antigenic and pathological differences. The historical designation, BVDV, consisted of both (then unrecognized) genotypes.Classical swine fever virus: A species of the PESTIVIRUS genus causing exceedingly contagious and fatal hemorrhagic disease of swine.Newcastle disease virus: The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.Borna disease virus: A species in the genus Bornavirus, family BORNAVIRIDAE, causing a rare and usually fatal encephalitic disease in horses and other domestic animals and possibly deer. Its name derives from the city in Saxony where the condition was first described in 1894, but the disease occurs in Europe, N. Africa, and the Near East.Pestivirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus PESTIVIRUS, family FLAVIVIRIDAE.Sheep Diseases: Diseases of domestic and mountain sheep of the genus Ovis.Infectious bursal disease virus: A species of AVIBIRNAVIRUS causing severe inflammation of the bursa of Fabricius in chickens and other fowl. Transmission is thought to be through contaminated feed or water. Vaccines have been used with varying degrees of success.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Bovine Virus Diarrhea-Mucosal Disease: Acute disease of cattle caused by the bovine viral diarrhea viruses (DIARRHEA VIRUSES, BOVINE VIRAL). Often mouth ulcerations are the only sign but fever, diarrhea, drop in milk yield, and loss of appetite are also seen. Severity of clinical disease varies and is strain dependent. Outbreaks are characterized by low morbidity and high mortality.Aphthovirus: A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE infecting mainly cloven-hoofed animals. They cause vesicular lesions and upper respiratory tract infections. FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE VIRUS is the type species.Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for typing ruminant pestiviruses: bovine viral diarrhea viruses and border disease virus. (1/23)

A nested reverse transcription (RT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was evaluated for differentiating reference bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) strains, BVDV from diagnostic accessions, modified-live virus (MLV) BVDV strains in bovine viral vaccines, and a reference border disease virus (BDV). The detection level of this assay was compared to viral infection in cell culture. The PCR assay was used to distinguish 3 ruminant pestiviruses, types 1 and 2 BVDV, and type 3 BDV. The consensus (first) PCR assay detected all 3 ruminant pestiviruses, a result of the shared sequence homology. The consensus PCR product was subjected to a second (nested) PCR which used type-specific primers. The nested PCR was able to differentiate the 3 ruminant pestiviruses. Viral stocks of BVDV were diluted 10-fold and processed for the 2-step PCR assay. The sensitivity of this 2-step PCR assay was compared to viral infectivity in cell culture based on identical volumes of the system tested (cell culture assay and processing for RNA). The RT-PCR type-specific assay differentiated BVDV laboratory reference strains (12), diagnostic laboratory isolates (15), 2 MLV BVDV vaccine strains, and a BDV strain. The 30 ruminant pestiviruses typed included: (1) 27 reference strains and diagnostic laboratory isolates; 18 cytopathic (CP) type 1 strains, 3 CP type 2 strains, 3 noncytopathic (NCP) type 1 strains, and 3 NCP type 2 strains; (2) 2 MLV strains, type 1; and (3) 1 CP BDV type 3. The PCR assay had a detection limit of 10 TCID50/0.025 mL of virus when 3 separate BVDV were tested. This 2 step RT-PCR assay would be useful for the typing of ruminant pestiviruses, particularly BVDV isolates from the diagnostic laboratory.  (+info)

A RT-PCR assay for the rapid recognition of border disease virus. (2/23)

A reverse transcription--polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method was developed for the specific detection of border disease virus (BDV), using the primers PBD1 and PBD2 flanking a 225 bp DNA fragment, selected from the 5'noncoding region of the pestivirus genome. In tests on 70 pestiviruses it was shown to be BDV-specific. A closed, one-tube nested RT-PCR method employing general pestivirus outer primers (324 and 326), and the same BDV-specific inner primers (PBD1 and PBD2) in conjunction with a BDV-specific fluorogenic TaqMan probe also detected only BDV and was more sensitive. BDV-specific RT-PCR was used in combination with a PCR specific for bovine viral diarrhoea virus type 2 (BVDV2) to ascertain whether virus stocks contained mixtures of BDV and BVDV2. It was shown that the ovine pestivirus strains 175375 and 59386 were originally BDV, but after subculture had become contaminated with BVDV2. This explains a previously reported discrepancy in the genetic typing of 59386. Although the BDV-specific RT-PCR can also detect BDV in clinical samples, the assay is likely to be most useful for the rapid typing of laboratory pestivirus strains.  (+info)

Experimental model of Border Disease Virus infection in lambs: comparative pathogenicity of pestiviruses isolated in France and Tunisia. (3/23)

Pestiviruses have been isolated from live sheep pox Tunisian vaccines. Vaccination with these vaccines caused outbreaks of Border Disease in Tunisia. In order to study more precisely the pathogenicity of these isolates, three groups of eight four month old lambs from a pestivirus-free flock were infected by the intratracheal route with a French strain (AV) and two Tunisian isolates (SN3G and Lot21). Clinical, hematological, immunological and virological parameters were evaluated. The three groups developed mild fever and leucopaenia by day 3 to 6 post infection (pi). The differences in the weight curves were not significant. Viruses were isolated from the peripheral blood buffy coat cells by day 4 to 9 pi. Antibodies were present on day 16 pi following infection by the French strain and on day 21 pi with the Tunisian isolates. The results demonstrated that SN3G and Lot21 are almost similar to the French strain used as the reference strain. In field conditions, they could induce economical losses in naive flocks, alone or in association with other pathogens.  (+info)

The envelope glycoprotein E2 is a determinant of cell culture tropism in ruminant pestiviruses. (4/23)

Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) isolates infect cultured Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells as efficiently as sheep kidney cells. In contrast, border disease virus (BDV) propagates poorly in MDBK cells but infects sheep cells very efficiently. The envelope glycoprotein E2 has been shown to be essential for virus infectivity. To explore the potential role of E2 in pestivirus host range in cell cultures, we engineered a chimeric BVDV with the E2 coding region from BDV. As expected, the BVDV-E2(bdv) chimera retained the ability of BDV to multiply in sheep cells but experienced a remarkable reduction in its ability to propagate and form plaques in MDBK, a phenotype that is characteristic of the E2 donor, BDV31 virus. Control chimeric BVDV bearing a type II E2 demonstrated that the heterologous E2 does not impair replication in MDBK or lamb cells. These results establish a role for E2 in determining the tropism of a pestivirus in cell culture.  (+info)

Virulence, immunogenicity and vaccine properties of a novel chimeric pestivirus. (5/23)

A chimeric pestivirus of border disease virus Gifhorn and bovine viral diarrhea virus CP7 (Meyers et al., 1996) was constructed. Virulence, immunogenicity and vaccine properties of the chimeric virus were studied in a vaccination-challenge experiment in pigs. The chimeric virus proved to be avirulent and neither chimeric virus nor viral RNA was detected in serum after vaccination. The safety of the vaccine was tested by horizontal transmission to sentinel pigs, which remained uninfected. The vaccine efficacy was examined by challenge infection with classical swine fever virus (CSFV) Eystrup. In 'challenge controls', the viral load of CSFV coincided with the development of pronounced clinical symptoms. In contrast, the vaccinated pigs showed transient and weak clinical signs. Analysis of the viral load in these pigs showed 1000-fold lower viral RNA levels compared to 'challenge controls' and horizontal transmission of challenge virus to sentinel pigs was not observed.  (+info)

Chimeric pestiviruses: candidates for live-attenuated classical swine fever marker vaccines. (6/23)

The use of attenuated classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strains as live vaccines is no longer allowed for the control of classical swine fever in Europe, due to the inability to differentiate between infected and vaccinated animals (Differentiating Infected from Vaccinated Animals; DIVA), except as emergency vaccines or as bait vaccines for wild boars. Thus, the establishment of a DIVA vaccine(s) is of pivotal importance for the control of this infectious disease. In this study, recombinant versions of the live-attenuated vaccine strain CSFV Riems were generated by replacing parts of the E2 gene with the corresponding sequence of border disease virus strain Gifhorn. Three cDNA clones were constructed: pRiems-ABC-Gif, pRiems-A-Gif and pRiems-BC-Gif. Infectious particles were obtained from clones pRiems-ABC-Gif and pRiems-BC-Gif only, whereas transfected RNA from clone pRiems-A-Gif behaved like a replicon. Based on its ability to be differentiated in vitro from wild-type CSFV by mAbs, vRiems-ABC-Gif was assessed for immunogenicity and protection against challenge infection in pigs. Before challenge, no CSFV-specific anti-E2 antibodies could be detected with commercial E2-blocking ELISAs in vRiems-ABC-Gif-vaccinated animals, whereas vRiems-vaccinated pigs developed high titres of anti-E2 antibodies, confirming the marker properties of this vaccine candidate. After oral vaccination, only partial protection against challenge infection was observed in the vRiems-ABC-Gif vaccinees, whereas all intramuscularly vaccinated animals and all vRiems-vaccinated animals were fully protected. These experiments suggest that the strategy of exchanging specific antigenic epitopes among pestiviruses is a promising tool for the development of new CSFV marker vaccines.  (+info)

Border disease virus among chamois, Spain. (7/23)

 (+info)

Detection of Border disease virus in fetuses, stillbirths, and newborn lambs from natural and experimental infections. (8/23)

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) antigen detection in blood or fetal fluids and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) amplification in tissues for routine laboratory diagnosis of Border disease virus (BDV) infection. Samples from 67 fetuses, 6 stillbirths, and 11 lambs from 25 commercial flocks with suspicion of BDV abortion and 3 fetuses, 7 stillbirths, and 15 lambs obtained from an experimental infection with a local isolate (BDV genotype 4) were investigated. Presence of BDV was detected by RT-PCR in 7.9% of fetuses, 50% of stillbirths, and 50% of lambs from the commercial flocks analyzed, corresponding to 8 of the 25 farms (32%). A similar percentage of the lambs and stillbirths from the experimental infection were positive by RT-PCR of tissue samples (54.5%), and the highest positivity was detected in lymph node, thyroid gland, and kidney. The current study revealed that RT-PCR analysis of stillbirths and lambs with clinical symptoms is more suitable than the analysis of fetuses to confirm the presence of BDV in a flock. Pestiviral antigen was detected by antigen ELISA in a high proportion of fetuses (24/58) and stillbirths (3/4) from commercial flocks, but in lambs, the presence of colostral antibodies masked the detection of the antigen by ELISA. Nevertheless, in lambs from the experimental infection that were not fed colostrum, antigen ELISA was less efficient than RT-PCR in detecting viral presence in stillbirths and lambs. Antigen ELISA is therefore recommended for fetuses with advanced autolysis that can adversely affect RNA integrity.  (+info)

*2014 in Sierra Leone

"Ebola virus disease, West Africa - update 18 July 2014". WHO. Retrieved 1 November 2014. "Ebola virus disease, West Africa - ... from the World Health Organization and Doctors Without Borders arrive in Sierra Leone to deal with an outbreak of Ebola virus. ... "Ebola virus disease in Guinea - update". World Health Organization. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014. "Ebola virus ... Sheik Umar Khan, the doctor who was leading the fight against the disease in Sierra Leone, dies of the Ebola virus. July 30 - ...

*Matthew Lukwiya

He was at the forefront of the 2000 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Uganda. Lukwiya, an ethnic Acholi, grew up in the town of ... His mother was a petty trader who smuggled tea across the border with Sudan to trade for soap. Lukwiya was one of four sons. ... Maria spent most of that night reading reports from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World ... Sam Okware, Uganda's Commissioner of Community Health Services, who dispatched a team from the Uganda Virus Research Institute ...

*Wikipedia:WikiProject Medicine/Newsletter

Electron micrograph of an Ebola virus virion. During August we have translated Disease and it is now live in more than 60 ... We're very happy for our continued collaboration with both Rubric and Translators without Borders! ... with the goal of increasing understanding of functions and diseases of the human body. Examples: Heart, Liver, Referred pain ... Information exists on this disease in nearly 100 languages. ... Translators Without Borders. *Healthcare information for all by ...

*List of companion plants

"Effects of border crops and intercrops on control of cucurbit virus diseases". Plant Disease. 91 (5): 509-516. doi:10.1094/pdis ... "Effect of garlic and onion extracts or their intercropping on suppressing damping-off and powdery mildew diseases and growth ...

*Iris tectorum

It suffers from a virus disease that causes leaf discolouration, yellowing and streaking. It seems immune to insect pests, but ... It can be grown in a mixed flower border, rock garden, and in a woodland garden. If the plant is to be grown in a rockery, it ... A final reason known, was that it was planted to avert the 'evil spirits' and a superstition that they prevent disease from ...

*Bovine viral diarrhea

Border disease virus (sheep) and classical swine fever virus (pigs) are other members of this genus that also cause significant ... Animal viruses Fray; et al. (2000). The effects of bovine viral diarrhoea virus on cattle reproduction in relation to disease ... Prolonged nasal shedding and viraemia of cytopathogenic bovine virus diarrhoea virus in experimental late-onset mucosal disease ... Ncp viruses can induce persistent infection in cells and have an intact NS2/3 protein. In cp viruses the NS2/3 protein is ...

*Global spread of H5N1 in 2007

... this time in the village of Lung Na near the Chinese border. The virus has already struck duck farms in the central province of ... making it tougher to detect the disease in the country hardest hit by the virus, officials said. Sick or dead chickens are used ... The mutations in the H5N1 virus strain were not drastic enough to make the virus infectious enough to spark a pandemic, but ... days after his 24-year old son died from the disease." CBS News: Bird flu soars[dead link] Officials confirm H5N1 virus at ...

*Global spread of H5N1

The Indo-Nepal border was in heightened alert because of the disease. February 21, 2009: H5N1 killed a 23-year-old woman named ... The viruses from Iraq are most closely related to currently circulating Qinghai-like viruses, but when compared with A/bar- ... and increased surveillance along the border. A Rapid Response Team (RRT) was dispatched to control the virus. The government ... a Qinghai-like virus (they are genetically distinct from other clade II viruses) killed up to five cats and 51 chickens from ...

*Classical swine fever

CSFV is closely related to the ruminant pestiviruses that cause bovine viral diarrhoea and border disease. The effect of ... The infectious agent responsible is a virus CSFV (previously called hog cholera virus) of the genus Pestivirus in the family ... but is not pathonomonic for the disease). 2007 Central Luzon hog cholera outbreak Animal viruses Classical Swine Fever, The ... The disease is endemic in much of Asia, Central and South America, and parts of Europe and Africa. It was believed to have been ...

*Pestivirus

Border disease virus Bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 Classical swine fever virus Viruses in ... Several additional isolates have been reported and may be recognised as species Border disease virus 2 (BDV-2) Bovine viral ... Pestivirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Flaviviridae. Viruses in the genus Pestivirus infect mammals, including members ... Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method ...

*Guinea

In early August 2014 Guinea closed its borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia to help contain the spreading of the virus, as more ... the World Health Organization said that Guinea's Ministry of Health had reported an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea. ... Guinea shares its northern border with Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali, and its southern border with Sierra Leone, Liberia, ... The nation forms a crescent as it curves from its western border on the Atlantic Ocean toward the east and the south. The ...

*Yambuku

... mission in August 1976 near the Central African Republic border and along the Ebola River-the namesake of Ebola virus disease ... The 1976 outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Zaire began in late August 1976. It was the second outbreak of Ebola, occurring ... He had inadvertently produced the first description of Ebola virus disease. Peter Piot, a microbiologist and physician who ... West African Ebola virus epidemic Ebola virus Hewlett, Barry; Hewlett, Bonnie (2007). Ebola, Culture and Politics: The ...

*2009 flu pandemic in Asia

However, there is propaganda that the United States and Western governments created the H1N1 virus, and that the disease is man ... "Azerbaijan-Russia border checkpoints pass to medium security". APA. 2 May 2009. Archived from the original on 3 May 2009. ... "Symptoms of the disease appeared in the case of the nurse on June 1, 2009, and she was admitted to the KFSHRC for conducting ... "A(H1N1) virus from 29 rose to 33 in RP". 5 June 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2009. "Update No. 48 - Duque Reports High Risk Patient ...

*Tana, Guinea

... the area around Tana was the last place in West Africa to still be affected by the West African Ebola virus disease epidemic. ... Tana is a small rural village in Guinea, nor far from the border with Sierra Leone. As of November 2015[update], ... by the Guinean prime minister Mohamed Said Fofana in an attempt to enlist local support in the effort against the disease. ...

*Health in Uzbekistan

... and digestive systems and infectious and parasitic diseases. The reported incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has ... The geographic centers of the HIV cases are Tashkent and Surkhandarya Province on the Afghanistan border. Expanding drug ... Among the most common diseases are those associated with polluted drinking water: typhoid, hepatitis, dysentery, cholera, and ...

*Papaya

Diseases and pests[edit]. Viruses[edit]. Papaya ringspot virus is a well-known virus within plants in Florida.[5] The first ... The virus affects both the leaves of the plant and the fruit. Leaves show thin, irregular, dark-green lines around the borders ... Carica papaya was the first transgenic fruit tree to have its genome sequenced.[14] In response to the papaya ringspot virus ( ... The virus can infect the fruit at any stage of its maturity. Fruits as young as 2 weeks old have been spotted with dark-green ...

*Health in Guinea

In 2014 there was an outbreak of the Ebola virus in Guinea. In response, the health ministry banned the sale and consumption of ... bats, thought to be carriers of the disease. Despite this measure, the virus eventually spread from rural areas to Conakry. An ... Prevalence was highest in Conakry (5%) and in the cities of the Forest Guinea region (7%) bordering Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and ... They include unprotected sex, multiple sexual partners, illiteracy, endemic poverty, unstable borders, refugee migration, lack ...

*Iris graminea

Crown rot is an infrequently occurring disease problem. It is susceptible to certain viruses, such as bacterial leaf blight, ... They can be grown in a front of a mixed border, or rockery. As well as being naturalized in the garden, they can be also grown ... It suffers from no serious insect or disease problems. ... soft rot, rhizome rot, leaf spot, rust, viruses and scorch. It ...

*Biosecurity in New Zealand

At border control locations such as airports beagles are used for detecting material that constitutes a biosecurity risk ... In May 2005 a hoax claim was made that foot and mouth disease had been released on Waiheke Island and would be released ... livestock were allowed to enter or leave the island and stock on the island was tested every 48 hours for symptoms of the virus ... To prevent the spread of the spores of kauri dieback disease it is recommended that pathways in the forests are used and ...

*Maramagambo Forest

... was exposed to Marburg virus present in the bats that live in the volcanic tube cave and developed Marburg virus disease. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The forest is bordered by two crater lakes named Lake Kyasanduka and Lake ...

*Pestivirus NS3 polyprotein peptidase

... border disease virus NS3 endopeptidase, BDV NS3 endopeptidase, bovine viral diarrhea virus NS3 endopeptidase, BVDV NS3 ... Xu, J.; Mendez, E.; Caron, P.R.; Lin, C.; Murcko, M.A.; Collett, M.S.; Rice, C.M. (1997). "Bovine viral diarrhea virus NS3 ... Tautz, N.; Kaiser, A.; Thiel, H.J. (2000). "NS3 serine protease of bovine viral diarrhea virus: characterization of active site ... protein p80 of bovine viral diarrhea virus is a proteinase involved in polyprotein processing". Virology. 184: 341-350. doi: ...

*Salome Karwah

The staff at Doctors Without Borders (MSF) had noticed that Karwah and Harris had both shown an ability to care for other ebola ... One year after Karwah and Harris began dating, the West African Ebola virus epidemic struck Liberia, as well as neighboring ... Karwah survived ebola herself before returning to work to help other patients afflicted with the disease. The actions of Karwah ... Salome, Harris and Josephine Karwah were all placed in a Doctors Without Borders medical unit in Monrovia with other ebola ...

*List of MeSH codes (C22)

... ape diseases MeSH C22.735.500 --- monkey diseases MeSH C22.735.500.500 --- marburg virus disease MeSH C22.735.500.850 --- ... border disease MeSH C22.836.259 --- ecthyma, contagious MeSH C22.836.435 --- louping ill MeSH C22.836.583 --- nairobi sheep ... marek disease MeSH C22.131.630 --- newcastle disease MeSH C22.131.728 --- poultry diseases MeSH C22.131.728.250 --- enteritis, ... bovine virus diarrhea-mucosal disease MeSH C22.196.148 --- brucellosis, bovine MeSH C22.196.250 --- encephalopathy, bovine ...

*Pauline Cafferkey

"Study of Ebola Virus Disease Survivors in Guinea: Table 1". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 61 (7): 1035-1042. doi:10.1093/cid/ ... In 2014, due to the fact that Cafferkey had passed through border controls and travelled on a domestic flight from Heathrow to ... Ebola virus disease in the United Kingdom "Ebola case confirmed in Glasgow hospital". BBC News. 29 December 2014. Severin ... Pauline Cafferkey is a British nurse and aid worker who contracted Ebola virus disease in 2014 while working in Sierra Leone as ...

*Ecchymosis

... and some diseases such as Marburg virus disease. A broader definition of ecchymosis is the escape of blood into the tissues ... Ecchymoses also have a more diffuse border than other purpura. There are many causes of subcutaneous hematomas including ...

*Bluetongue disease

The Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) virus is closely related and crossreacts with Bluetongue virus on many blood tests. "Q& ... In 2007, the first case of bluetongue in the Czech Republic was detected in one bull near Cheb at the Czech-German border. In ... Red deer are an exception, and in them the disease may be as acute as in sheep. Bluetongue is caused by the pathogenic virus, ... Handbook of Animal Diseases in the Tropics, 1976. ISBN 0-901028-10-X Jensen, R. and Swift, B.L. Diseases of Sheep, Lea and ...

*Oral candidiasis

It is often described as being "a disease of the diseased", occurring in the very young, the very old, or the very sick. ... The global human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic has been an important factor in ... Erythematous candidiasis usually has a diffuse border that helps distinguish it from erythroplakia, which normally has a ... Candidiasis can be a marker for underlying disease, so the overall prognosis may also be dependent upon this. For example, a ...

*Megabat - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carriers of Ebola virus[change , change source]. Some megabats are vectors of dangerous diseases. The first recorded human ... which lies on the border with Queensland). Lyssavirus has killed the only three people to have ever contracted it. Lyssavirus, ... Hendra virus is a virus that mainly infects megabats (large fruit bats, or 'flying foxes') which can be passed on to horses. ... This could mean that the bats are the source of the virus. The Marburg virus, which is related to Ebola, has also been found in ...
see ORCID database. Selected publications:. Kaiser, V., Nebel, L., Schüpbach-Regula, G., Zanoni, R.G., and Schweizer, M. (2017) Influence of border disease virus (BDV) on serological surveillance within the bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) eradication program in Switzerland. BMC Veterinary Research 13, 21. (PubMed). Lussi, C., and Schweizer, M. (2016) What can pestiviral endonucleases teach us about innate immunotolerance? Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews 29, 53-62. (PubMed). Stalder, H., Hug, C., Zanoni, R., Vogt, H.R., Peterhans, E., Schweizer, M., and Bachofen, C. (2016) A nationwide database linking information on the hosts with sequence data of their virus strains: A useful tool for the eradication of bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) in Switzerland. Virus Research 218, 49-56. (PubMed). Braun, U., Hilbe, M., Janett, F., Hässig, M., Zanoni, R., Frei, S., and Schweizer, M. (2015) Transmission of border disease virus from a persistently infected calf to seronegative heifers in early pregnancy. BMC ...
Aeschbacher, S., Santschi, E., Gerber, V., Stalder, H.P., and Zanoni, R.G. (2015) Entwicklung einer real-time RT-PCR zum Nachweis von equinem Influenzavirus. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 157:4, 191-201. (Link). Balmer, S., Gobet, H., Nenniger, C., Hadorn, D., Schwermer, H., and Vögtlin, A. (2015) Schmallenberg virus activity in cattle in Switzerland in 2013. Veterinary Record 177:11, 289. (Link). Bolz, M., Kerber, S., Zimmer, G., and Pluschke, G. (2015) Use of recombinant virus replicon particles for vaccination against Mycobacterium ulcerans disease. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 9:8, e0004011. (Link). Braun, U., Frei, S., Schweizer, M., Zanoni, R., and Janett, F. (2015) Transmission of border disease virus to seronegative cows inseminated with infected semen. Research in Veterinary Science 100, 297-298. (Link). Braun, U., Hilbe, M., Janett, F., Hässig, M., Zanoni, R., Frei, S., and Schweizer, M. (2015) Transmission of border disease virus from a persistently infected calf to ...
Background The genus pestivirus within the family Flaviviridaeincludes bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) types 1 and 2, border disease virus (BDV) and classical swine fever virus. The two...
occurs in South America, Asia (including Indonesia) and certain European countries. Information on current country status can be obtained from the OIE World Animal Health Information Database. The last time CSF occurred in Australia was in 1962. Outbreaks have recently been reported in Bulgaria (in wild species), Israel and Lithuania.. Classical swine fever virus is a highly contagious Pestivirus which only infects swine, and is antigenically related to border disease virus and bovine viral diarrhoea virus. Pig to pig transmission is most common but CSF can also be spread by aerosol, swill feeding and mechanically by insects and fomites. Swill feeding of peri-urban pigs is a likely method of re-introduction of this virus to Australia and hence CSF may first be encountered by a veterinary practitioner servicing these areas. Strains vary greatly in their virulence. The last outbreak in Australia was caused by a mild strain that was detected only by a reported increase in fevered carcasses at ...
Border disease has been assessed according to the criteria of the Animal Health Law (AHL), in particular criteria of Article 7 on disease profile and impacts, Article 5 on the eligibility of Border disease to be listed, Article 9 for the categorisation of Border disease according to disease prevention and control rules as in Annex IV and Article 8 on the list of animal species concerned by Border disease. The assessment has been performed following a methodology composed of information collection and compilation, expert judgement on each criterion at individual and, if no consensus was reached before, also at collective level. The output is composed of the categorical answer, and for the questions where no consensus was reached, the different supporting views are reported. Details on the methodology used for this assessment are explained in a separate opinion. According to the assessment performed, Border disease can be considered eligible to be listed for Union intervention as laid down in ...
A study was conducted in 1994-96 with the aim of assessing the serological prevalence of Border Disease (BD) among sheep and goats in Denmark and to investigate possible relations to herd factors. From each of 1000 herds, 2 blood samples were obtained from animals older than 1 year. The examination for antibodies was performed using a blocking ELISA detecting antibodies to pestivirus. Data from 815 herds were analysed statistically by the maximum likelihood method in a multinomial model. The estimated herd prevalence was 0.083 and the estimated individual prevalence within the positive herds was 0.50. There was no difference between the prevalence in sheep and goat herds. Records for well over half of the herds could be combined with data from the Danish Central Husbandry Register. No association between occurrence of ED and herd size was found. Cattle were registered as contemporarily present on 135 out of 521 herds which was shown to be strongly associated to ED. The estimated herd prevalences ...
The Sophia-Antipolis Laboratory specialises in the study of diseases of ruminants and bees. It employs nearly thirty people and its research focuses primarily on Q fever, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), ruminant pestiviruses, and the major diseases and poisoning phenomena affecting bees.
Competitive ELISA for the detection of Bovine Viral Diarrhoea / Mucosal Disease / Border Disease anti-p80-125 (anti-NSP2-3) antibodies in serum, plasma and milk from cattle, sheep, goats and other susceptible species ...
Reichert, C; Reichert, P; Monnet-Tschudi, F; Kupferschmidt, H; Ceschi, A; Rauber-Lüthy, C (2014). Seizures after single-agent overdose with pharmaceutical drugs: analysis of cases reported to a poison center. Clinical Toxicology, 52(6):629-634.. Braun, Ueli; Reichle, S F; Reichert, C; Hässig, Michael; Stalder, H P; Bachofen, Claudia; Peterhans, E (2014). Sheep persistently infected with Border disease readily transmit virus to calves seronegative to BVD virus. Veterinary Microbiology, 168(1):98-104.. Reichert, C. Infektion von Kälbern, Schafen und Ziegen mit Border-Disease-Virus. 2009, University of Zurich, Vetsuisse Faculty.. Kupper, J; Reichert, C (2009). Vergiftungen mit Pflanzen. Therapeutische Umschau, 66(4):343-348.. ...
The Mitchell family, who run the Borders Monitor Farm in Denholm, are turning their attention to how they can safeguard their flock from some of the main infectious diseases that can affect sheep productivity.. At the next monitor farm meeting, the family will look at some of the factors limiting flock performance on their farm.. At the meeting, the Mitchells will give an update on what has been happening on their farm since their last meeting in November.. They will be joined by Lynn Gibson from SAC Vet services at St Boswells, who will talk about the infectious "iceberg diseases" which could be affecting flocks without farmers realising.. The main "iceberg diseases" in UK sheep are Maedi Visna, Johnes disease, Jaagsiekte (OPA), Caseous Lympadenitis (CLA) and border disease. They are called "iceberg diseases" because there are very few diagnosed cases (tip of the iceberg) but in fact there are far more infected animals than farmers and vets recognise.. The meeting will highlight the control ...
Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) or bovine viral diarrhoea (UK English), and previously referred to as bovine virus diarrhoea (BVD), is a significant economic disease of cattle that is endemic in the majority of countries throughout the world. The causative agent, bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), is a member of the Pestivirus genus of the family Flaviviridae. BVD infection results in a wide variety of clinical signs, due to its immunosuppressive effects, as well as having a direct effect on respiratory disease and fertility. In addition, BVD infection of a susceptible dam during a certain period of gestation can result in the production of a persistently infected (PI) fetus. PI animals recognise intra-cellular BVD viral particles as self and shed virus in large quantities throughout life; they represent the cornerstone of the success of BVD as a disease. BVDV is a member of the Pestivirus genus, belonging to the family Flaviviridae. Border disease virus (sheep) and classical swine fever virus ...
Accepted name: pestivirus NS3 polyprotein peptidase. Reaction: Leu is conserved at position P1 for all four cleavage sites. Alanine is found at position P1 of the NS4A-NS4B cleavage site, whereas serine is found at position P1 of the NS3-NS4A, NS4B-NS5A and NS5A-NS5B cleavage sites. Other name(s): border disease virus NS3 endopeptidase; BDV NS3 endopeptidase; bovine viral diarrhea virus NS3 endopeptidase; BVDV NS3 endopeptidase; classical swine fever virus NS3 endopeptidase; CSFV NS3 endopeptidase; p80. Comments: The polyprotein of noncytopathogenic pestiviruses is cleaved co- and post-translationally into at least 11 proteins (Npro, C, Erns, E1, E2, p7, NS2-3, NS4A, NS4B, NS5A, and NS5B) [2]. The genomes of cytopathogenic pestivirus strains express at least one additional protein, called NS3 (p80) [2]. This enzyme, which resides in the N-terminal region of NS3 (nonstructural protein 3), is essential for generation of its own C-terminus and for processing of the downstream cleavage sites, ...
Reviews of five brands of chamois cream for cyclists and triathletes. Chamois Buttr, Chamois Buttr Eurostyle, Anti-Chafe Cream, Friction Freedom, and Hoo Ha Ride Glide.
Reviews of five brands of chamois cream for cyclists and triathletes. Chamois Buttr, Chamois Buttr Eurostyle, Anti-Chafe Cream, Friction Freedom, and Hoo Ha Ride Glide.
Photo Chamois. The buff is always present on the sector but a little more fierce with the small, hard to approach. I have been able to have the family all the same.
The invention disclosed herein presents an antigen-capture immunoassay that utilizes serum, plasma, milk, urine, saliva, or other bodily fluid samples to identify cattle infected with the Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV). The results of this assay allow an effective, reliable, quick, and cost efficient way to identify, and thereby remove, infected cattle and/or other ruminants from otherwise uninfected herds. The BVD virus causes an acute enteric disease with a variety of clinical manifestations, and is closely related to sheep border disease virus (BDV) and hog cholera virus (HCV). The traditional method of detecting infected animals, including persistently infected (PI) carriers, has been through .the .use of virus isolation procedures. While .this older test methodology can detect infected animals, the virus isolation test can only be performed by highly trained technicians in a highly specialized laboratory facility. The kit disclosed herein uses ELISA methodology, employs the BVDV antigen
How BVDV affects fetal development depends on the timing of maternal infection during pregnancy. The eyes and central nervous system are targets of the virus, and characteristic deformations of the brain and skull are observed. These deformities include hydranencephaly, hydrocephalus, and microencephaly [6].. BVDV is not transmissible to people but can infect a number of ruminants. Other species in the pestivirus family - siblings to bovine viral diarrhea - include border disease of sheep and classical swine fever in pigs. All of these pestiviruses can cause birth deformities.. Another fascinating aspect of pestiviruses is that they can affect host immunity during infection. BVDV is capable of becoming a "persistent infection" that is never fully cleared from the body. Persistent infection can happen in a number of ways. BVDV can manipulate the mechanisms that identify pathogens in the body. The virus is therefore camouflaged as "self" and avoids targeting by the immune system [7]. Calves may be ...
I found this new brand of chamois cream at the Seattle Bike Expo in March. Ive used it several times and really like it. It contains tea-tree oil, which gives it an anti-bacterial property, although it does have that funky strong tea-tree oil aroma too...which might be better than other funky smells coming from a chamois at the end of a long cycling day. :rolleyes: :p I havent seen it in bike shops yet, but you can find it online at Ebay and Amazon.com. My only gripe about it:
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Docs Skin Care for Athletes announced today that its best-selling Docs All Natural Chamois Cream now works even better against chafing and infection. Docs has created a new formula that is thicker, longer-lasting, and more heat-resistant.
Originally Posted by DHexplorer Has anyone ever driven over the border? nope, no one drives over the border... thats just not how its done. (you just
Biology Assignment Help, Bovine viral diarrhoea, Bovine viral diarrhoea Bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) and mucosal disease (MD) are clinically dissimilar disease syndrome yet have a common viral etiology. The acute disease is called as BVD. The term mucosal disease is reserved for chronic diseas
Read "Investigation of a dual fetal infection model with bovine viral diarrhoea viruses (BVDV)-1 and BVDV-2, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
A cross-sectional study was made in a major cattle-breeding area of Switzerland to investigate the prevalence and local distribution of animals antibody positive to bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) virus and of persistently infected animals. The sample size and statistical analysis took into account the possible clustering of persistently infected animals on individual farms. Of 3440 animals tested on 121 farms, 1982 were found to have antibodies to BVD virus (95 per cent confidence interval for the population prevalence: 57.6±4.5 per cent) and 22 were persistently infected (estimate for the population prevalence: 0.64±0.34 per cent). The detection of persistent infection in animals less than seven months old was improved either by retesting one year later, by using an antigen-capture ELISA or, in selected cases, by the analysis of original serum samples by reverse-transcription PCR. The results showed that the prevalence of persistent infection may be underestimated by as much as one-third when ...
I joined initially as an Assistant Scientific Officer and I am now working as a Higher Scientific Officer within the Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVD) eradication scheme and molecular testing laboratories section of Diagnostic Virology. I have been working in this role since December 2015.
Advice on what to do if you suspect there is an outbreak of this infectious disease and details of the screening programme in Scotland.
Advice on what to do if you suspect there is an outbreak of this infectious disease and details of the screening programme in Scotland.
Stock video footage Two males chamois compete on the rocks, in a mountain scenery, for dominance on females and territory during the mating season (rut) in november. The male on the right has tried ...
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20 September 1996 High hopes for BVDvaccine A NEW vaccine could stem the £70m a year lost by UK producers to bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD).Due
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If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
The outcomes of a voluntary bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) control programme that has been in place in the Netherlands since 1997 were analysed. This BVDV-free programme was studied in dairy herds in the period 1 August 2007 to 1 August 2013. The programme was based on a test and cull approach at the herd level, after which the BVDV status was monitored by testing young stock for antibodies ...
In fact BVDv has an affinity for the reproductive system, causing infertility, abortion and deformities in calves from infected adult cows, and respiratory disease in young calves ...
Bovine Viral Diarrhoea in Cattle Also known as: BVD, Mucosal disease Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD) is a viral disease which infects mainly cattle, but can infect sheep, goats, deer and pigs (Hurtado et al.
Not sure what trail youll end up on or how long youll be in the saddle? The Woodchuck is a riders go-to liner built to keep a rider comfortable on and off the bike for the widest array of rides. Club Ride has changed the game, redesigning our Innerwear with soft, light, quick-drying, four-way stretch knit fabric. 3 Hour Ride Time: Chamois comfort are very specific on personal preference. That said, we classify the Woodchuck as comfortable up to 3 hours in the saddle. - Fabric: ActiveFlow quick drying, breathable four way stretch fabric - Fabric Content: 54% Nylon / 34% Poly / 12% Spandex - Fabric Weight: 155 g/m² - Construction: 6 Panel body shaping construction - Waist Band: Wide waistband for comfort and lasting fit - Fit: Mid Length Fit, 9.75" Inseam - Chamois: Anatomically male specific pre-shaped chamois - Chamois Density: 8mm triple density foam with gel insert for vibration dampening - Chamois Ventilation: Perforated memory foam for increased ventilation and elasticity ...
After years of using average chamois creams and alternatives like balms and lotions, I was due for something special. Preferable a fancy, Euro-style cream.
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Chamois Buttr Warm Embrocation is a premium muscle warming cream designed to seal exposed skin from the elements in cold and wet conditions. Made with tested, activity triggered muscle warming agents. Developed in cooperation with pro cyclists and soigneurs. Perfect for cold weather riding and cyclocross racing. Apply
Er, not blisters on the feet, either. I had heard about these types of blisters - everyone talks about them - but I didnt really believe it. How could it be? Where would it be?. An REI employee talked me into chamois butter before the trip. He told me to trust him, that I would use it.. But where? How? Doesnt it just soak into the bike shorts?. Oh, 358 miles and five days in and I know exactly where to apply the chamois butter. Everyone has a theory about what works.. "I use a combination of Neosporin and chamois butter and I put it in the shorts and on my skin," said 27-year-old Alexa Cares, a public health graduate student and a rider. "I think they are starting to heal.". Thanks to St. Anthonys Hospital for providing bag balm packaged in little yellow prescription drug bottles so people can take it to go. Now applying it in a Port-o-Potty will be … a challenge.. ...
In den Jahren 1970-1972 wurden an 58 Schweizer Juragemsen ( Rupicapra rupicapra [L.]) aus dem Raume Waldenburg - Olten - westlicher Weißenstein (Kantone Basel-Landschaft und Solothurn) und Chasseral (
NJIRO, S M and NKOSI, C M. Detection of the bovine viral diarrhoea/mucosal disease (BVD/MD) virus in tissues from aborted ruminant foetuses using immunohistochemistry. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2009, vol.80, n.4, pp.229-232. ISSN 2224-9435.. Various tissues from aborted ruminant foetuses were collected, fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin wax. Sections were made and exposed to a primary monoclonal antibody against the bovine viral diarrhoea/mucosal disease (BVD/MD) virus, and subsequently to a goat anti-mouse secondary antibody conjugated to horse radish peroxidase (HRP). Diaminobenzidine (DAB) was the substrate and it released a brown pigment in the tissues on reacting with the HRP in an immunohistochemistry (IHC) procedure. Of 27 aborted foetuses, an immunoperoxidase staining reaction was observed in 1 ovine and 5 bovine foetuses. The IHC procedure located BVD/MD viral antigen in a wide variety of foetal tissues including cerebral cortical neurons, the pseudostratified columnar ...
Early detection and elimination of cattle persistently infected (PI) with bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is a key element for eradication programs. Testing dried skin biopsies derived from ear tagging might be useful for detection of BVDV in newborn calves. The aims of this study were the development of methods for antigen solubilization and RNA preparation, the investigation of the stability of these viral components and the comparison of the analytical sensitivity of different tests. Commercial antigen capture ELISAs for NS3, Erns and mixed antigens, a blocking ELISA for BVDV antibodies and two real time RT-PCR assays for 5UTR were used as BVDV specific tests. Ear biopsies were collected from nine BVDV antibody free PI animals (infected with BVDV-I CR4043) after slaughter and from twelve PI calves (fetal infection with BVDV-I PT810) after euthanasia at the age of 5-13 days in the time of colostral antibodies. For solubilization of the BVDV antigens the detergents dodecyl sulfate, sodium ...
Read "Pathway analysis in blood cells of pigs infected with classical swine fever virus: comparison of pigs that develop a chronic form of infection or recover, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The genus pestivirus in the Flavivirus family is comprised of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect domestic and wildlife hosts. The
The nature to live it, a particular history, discover the living traditions, the gastronomy. The Pyrenees, the setting for your next adventure.
Several worshipers are reported to have died after gunmen armed with AK47 rifles opened fire near Liboi at the Kenya-Somalia border
The measurement of antibody responses of animals exposed to BVDV either through a natural exposure or an immunization protocol is still a standard procedure. For BVDV, the test formats have been largely limited to ELISA which is a valuable diagnostic test to measure the level of BVDV specific antibodies as well as antigen in blood samples. In the present study, 120 blood samples were collected from the cows with the history of abortion in different period of pregnancy from different industrial dairy cattle herds of Mashhad area of Iran. Also 30 samples were collected from the cows with no history of abortion as control. The presence of antibody against BVDV from the 120 serum samples was investigated by indirect ELISA. From 120 serum samples which were collected from aborted cows, 89 samples were positive (%74.16). From these positive samples, 12(13.48%), 54 (60.68%) and 23 (25.84%) samples belong to the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy, respectively. From 89 positive samples, 12 (13.48%)
Great Pyrenees are handsome dogs-inside and out. Not only are they hardworking and tough, but they also have a keen understanding of people. Some dog experts believe this is a genetic quality earned from years of mountainside isolation with shepherds. They are gentle, patient and obedient-quick to learn and eager to please. And theyre also extremely soft and huggable.. Great Pyrenees could be described as "everybodys pal." They get along with the whole family, friends, strangers and other pets. However, they are not happy-go-lucky types. Great Pyrenees have a serious side-an interesting mix of "lone-wolf" independence and selfless concern for others. If you live in the country, your Great Pyrenees might wander off for hours to make sure "the borders" are safe. In every sense, they make superb watchdogs-protective, intimidating and calm.. ...
Zdravilo Porcilis Pesti so preučevali v okviru dveh terenskih študij varnosti, eni na pitancih in eni na svinjah, pri čemer sta bila uporabljena različna odmerka cepiva. Terenske študije potrjujejo rezultate laboratorijskih preizkusov varnosti in kažejo, da je izdelek varen za ciljne živali (pujski od 5 meseca dalje) in najobčutljivejšo kategorijo živali (breje svinje).. Glavno merilo učinkovitosti pri terenskih študijah s pujski je bilo preživetje pujskov, če so bili izpostavljeni virusu KPK pozneje v življenju. Pujski so bili testirani tudi za viremijo (prisotnost virusa v krvi). Začetek in trajanje imunosti so merili na podlagi protiteles proti antigenu (E2) virusa KPK, ki so jih tvorili pujski. Maternalno pridobljena protitelesa niso vplivala na rezultate cepljenja.. ...
A new bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) vaccine that only requires one shot and protects cattle against BVD type 1 and 2 has been launched. Bovela, from Boehrin
Do you know the top 12 Great Pyrenees questions most often asked by people meeting a Great Pyrenees Mountain Dog for the first time? Visit here to discover what people really want to know.
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|p|Stabilise and support your legs to power up steep climbs in SKINS Cycle DNAmic Half Tights. Featuring Dynamic Gradient Compression to improve performance and an Elastic Interface Technology chamois built to make those hours in the saddle more comfortab
Residents of the Armenian village of Margara cant trade with their neighbors across the border in Turkey, and cant even get to their farmland in the restricted border zone. But they hold out hope that the border will reopen.
Use semicolons to denote sides in the border radius on Tipwell | Easily create semicolons to denote sides in border radius, in the order of: top left, top…
A limited number of scientific publications dealing with aspects of BVDV infection have emanated from southern Africa. This study describes the isolation of BVD viruses, gene sequence analysis of the 5 non-translated region (5 NTR) of the genome, the generation of phylogenetic data of local strains and the recording of clinical signs associated with each isolate. Specimens (n=352) collected during 1998-1999, from live and dead animals from different farming systems, were obtained from private practitioners, feedlot consultants and abattoirs throughout the country. Specimens from buffaloes (cerus caffer the Kruger National Park were included as specimens from dead animals. Three cell lines and 200 tubes of pooled foetal bovine sera were also processed. Standard cell culture techniques to isolate virus were followed. Techniques designed to detect BVDV antigen or nucleic acid such as antigen capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction, were used on blood, organs and ...
In 2005 and 2006, three adult female chamois (Rupicapra r. rupicapra) were found dead with signs of acute babesial infection in the eastern Swiss Alps. PCR on DNA extracted from blood or spleen of the carcasses revealed sequence identity of the amplified part of the 18S rRNA gene with GenBank entries attributed to Babesia divergens of cattle origin or B. capreoli of wild ruminant origin which have never been described before in this region. Examination of 424 blood samples from 314 head of cattle from this area by IFAT, microscopy and PCR provided no evidence for babesial infection. Six of 887 ticks collected from cattle were PCR-positive, and sequencing revealed Babesia sp. genotype EU1 in five and B. divergens/B. capreoli in one of them. A Babesia isolate of chamois, two isolates of roe deer from the same region and one isolate of a roe deer from the north-western Swiss Alps were genetically compared with two Swiss B. divergens isolates of cattle origin by analysing the genomic rDNA locus. ...
The Chamois Coloured Goat, French: Chèvre chamoisée, German: Gämsfarbige Gebirgsziege, Italian: Camosciata delle Alpi, is an indigenous breed of domestic goat from Switzerland. It is distributed throughout Switzerland and in parts of northern Italy and Austria, and has been exported to other countries including France. There are two strains, a horned type from the Grisons or Graubünden in the eastern part of the country, and a hornless type from the former bezirk of Oberhasli and the area of Brienz and Lake Brienz in the Bernese Oberland in central Switzerland. In some countries the hornless variety may be considered a separate breed, the Oberhasli goat. The Swiss herd-book was established in 1930. In Switzerland the Chamois Coloured Goat is among the principal national goat breeds for which a herd-book is kept by the Schweizerischer Ziegenzuchtverband, the Swiss federation of cantonal goat breeders associations. In Italy, under the name Camosciata delle Alpi, it is one of the eight ...
Great Pyrenees pictures are a joy to look at if you are a dog lover. Pyrs are some of the most beautiful dogs in the world. Here are pictures of Great Pyrenees provided by members of GPCSO.
Pechine B&B Chambre dhotes with Pool Pyrenees is a Family friendly B&B for romantic breaks with a swimming pool in Artigat, Ariege, France. A Renovated Farmhouse with two guest ro
Chateau de Villereglan B&B Pyrenees is a Eco Friendly Luxury B&B for romantic breaks in St Martin de Villereglan, Aude, France. Château de Villeréglan is a Luxery B&B in the quiet
Border Ideas & Design from House & Garden. Clare Foster talks to Arabella Lennox-Boyd who has designed a harmonious structured border for year-round interest. (houseandgarden.co.uk)
If a family leads a placid life, the Great Pyrenees makes a great pet. The Great Pyrenees is a very large, muscular, double-coated dog. Find more dog breeds and dog care information at Hillspet.com
Does anybody knows if there is a way, using style-sheets, to wiew the border around empty cells. I think I remember (or maybe I just so wrong) somthing like td {empty-cells: visible;} But I cant remember exactly. I have tried different spellings, but nothing seems to work. I have also tried to find somthing in the documentation at w3c And yes im aware of the nbsp with a & :) But the empty-cells thing would be so much easier way to do it. -Helge

Patent EP1387172A3 - Bovine viral diarrhea virus serum antigen capture immunoassay - Google PatentsPatent EP1387172A3 - Bovine viral diarrhea virus serum antigen capture immunoassay - Google Patents

... and is closely related to sheep border disease virus (BDV) and hog cholera virus (HCV). The traditional method of detecting ... The BVD virus causes an acute enteric disease with a variety of clinical manifestations, ... While .this older test methodology can detect infected animals, the virus isolation test can only be performed by highly ... or other bodily fluid samples to identify cattle infected with the Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV). The results of this ...
more infohttp://www.google.ca/patents/EP1387172A3?cl=en

Seroprevalence of border disease in Danish sheep and goat herds - DTU OrbitSeroprevalence of border disease in Danish sheep and goat herds - DTU Orbit

pestivirus, maximum likelihood, bovine virus diarrhoea, register data, individual prevalence, serology, herd prevalence, border ... Seroprevalence of border disease in Danish sheep and goat herds. Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article - Annual ... A study was conducted in 1994-96 with the aim of assessing the serological prevalence of Border Disease (BD) among sheep and ... Detection of African Swine Fever Virus DNA in Blood Samples Stored on FTA Cards from Asymptomatic Pigs in Mbeya Region, ...
more infohttp://orbit.dtu.dk/en/publications/seroprevalence-of-border-disease-in-danish-sheep-and-goat-herds

EC 3.4.21.113EC 3.4.21.113

Other name(s): border disease virus NS3 endopeptidase; BDV NS3 endopeptidase; bovine viral diarrhea virus NS3 endopeptidase; ... 3. Xu, J., Mendez, E., Caron, P.R., Lin, C., Murcko, M.A., Collett, M.S. and Rice, C.M. Bovine viral diarrhea virus NS3 serine ... 4. Tautz, N., Kaiser, A. and Thiel, H.J. NS3 serine protease of bovine viral diarrhea virus: characterization of active site ... 1. Wiskerchen, M. and Collett, M.S. Pestivirus gene expression: protein p80 of bovine viral diarrhea virus is a proteinase ...
more infohttp://www.sbcs.qmul.ac.uk/iubmb/enzyme/EC3/4/21/113.html

Brown C. 2001;5:239-242 Update on foot-and-mouth disease in swinBrown C. 2001;5:239-242 Update on foot-and-mouth disease in swin

Foot-and-mouth disease was the first animal disease to be recognized as caused by a non-filterable agent, ie, a virus, in 1898. ... Although border inspections and import controls have tightened considerably, the very real possibility of FMDV entering the US ... Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is a member of the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae, all single-stranded, ... Transfer of foot-and-mouth disease virus in the nose of man from infected to non-infected animals. Vet Rec. 1971;89:447-9. ...
more infohttps://www.aasv.org/jshap/issues/v9n5/v9n5p239.html

Institute of Virology and Immunology: 
          Publications 2015 (IVI) - 
          University of BernInstitute of Virology and Immunology: Publications 2015 (IVI) - University of Bern

Braun, U., Frei, S., Schweizer, M., Zanoni, R., and Janett, F. (2015) Transmission of border disease virus to seronegative cows ... Transmission of border disease virus from a persistently infected calf to seronegative heifers in early pregnancy. BMC ... Use of recombinant virus replicon particles for vaccination against Mycobacterium ulcerans disease. PLoS Neglected Tropical ... PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 9:10, e0004081. (Link). Halbherr, S.J., Ludersdorfer, T.H., Ricklin, M., Locher, S., Berger ...
more infohttp://www.ivi.unibe.ch/research/publications/publications_2015_ivi/index_eng.html

PublicationsPublications

Influence of border disease virus (BDV) on serological surveillance within the bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) eradication program ... Transmission of border disease virus from a persistently infected calf to seronegative heifers in early pregnancy. BMC ... Bovine viral diarrhea virus resists alpha/beta interferon without blocking antiviral activity against unrelated viruses ... Virus Research 218, 49-56. (PubMed). Braun, U., Hilbe, M., Janett, F., Hässig, M., Zanoni, R., Frei, S., and Schweizer, M. ( ...
more infohttp://www.ivi.unibe.ch/research/virology/group_schweizer/publications/index_eng.html

Comparative Immunogenicity of HIV-1 gp160, gp140 and gp120 Expressed by Live Attenuated Newcastle Disease Virus Vector - pdf...Comparative Immunogenicity of HIV-1 gp160, gp140 and gp120 Expressed by Live Attenuated Newcastle Disease Virus Vector - pdf...

... gp140 and gp120 Expressed by Live Attenuated Newcastle Disease Virus Vector. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros ... The Empirical Analysis of Chinese Listed Enterprises Cross-Border M&A Performance - Dengge Wang, Shuolong Peng ... We previously demonstrated the ability of Newcastle disease virus NDV as a vaccine vector to express oligomeric Env protein ... Comparative Immunogenicity of HIV-1 gp160, gp140 and gp120 Expressed by Live Attenuated Newcastle Disease Virus Vector. ...
more infohttp://libros.duhnnae.com/2017/jun8/14983093564-Comparative-Immunogenicity-of-HIV-1-gp160-gp140-and-gp120-Expressed-by-Live-Attenuated-Newcastle-Disease-Virus-Vector.php

Protecting Ugandas Border 
| Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) | CDCProtecting Uganda's Border | Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) | CDC

Years of Ebola Virus Disease Outbreaks. *Ebola Virus Disease Distribution Map: Cases of Ebola Virus Disease in Africa Since ... What is Ebola Virus Disease?. * History of Ebola Virus Diseaseplus icon * ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... Ebola Virus Disease for US Cliniciansplus icon *Infection Prevention and Control ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/responder/protecting-uganda-border.html

Border disease virus (BDV) | definition of border disease virus (BDV) by Medical dictionaryBorder disease virus (BDV) | definition of border disease virus (BDV) by Medical dictionary

What is border disease virus (BDV)? Meaning of border disease virus (BDV) medical term. What does border disease virus (BDV) ... Looking for online definition of border disease virus (BDV) in the Medical Dictionary? border disease virus (BDV) explanation ... border disease. (redirected from border disease virus (BDV)). Also found in: Dictionary.. Related to border disease virus (BDV ... Border disease virus (BDV) , definition of border disease virus (BDV) by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/border+disease+virus+

Evaluation of Infection Prevention and Control Readiness at Frontline Health Care Facilities in High-Risk Districts Bordering...Evaluation of Infection Prevention and Control Readiness at Frontline Health Care Facilities in High-Risk Districts Bordering...

... and health care personnel from the spread of infectious diseases, including Ebola virus disease. ... and health care personnel from the spread of infectious diseases, including Ebola virus disease. ... and health care personnel from the spread of infectious diseases, including Ebola virus disease (Ebola). Patients with ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6839a4.htm

Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease | Regional Office for AfricaUganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease | Regional Office for Africa

... to establish mechanisms to share disease surveillance data across districts and borders in order to prevent or control disease ... "Infectious diseases dont know borders and a disease across the border is a disease on your border," said Dr Issah Makumbi the ... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg ... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease Kapchorwa 10th November 2017- Political leaders, civil ...
more infohttps://www.afro.who.int/pt/node/9032

Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease | Regional Office for AfricaUganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease | Regional Office for Africa

... to establish mechanisms to share disease surveillance data across districts and borders in order to prevent or control disease ... "Infectious diseases dont know borders and a disease across the border is a disease on your border," said Dr Issah Makumbi the ... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg ... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease Kapchorwa 10th November 2017- Political leaders, civil ...
more infohttps://www.afro.who.int/fr/node/9032

Complete Genomic Sequence of Border Disease Virus, a Pestivirus from Sheep | Journal of VirologyComplete Genomic Sequence of Border Disease Virus, a Pestivirus from Sheep | Journal of Virology

ANIMAL VIRUSES. Complete Genomic Sequence of Border Disease Virus, a Pestivirus from Sheep. Paul Becher, Michaela Orlich, Heinz ... Border disease virus (BDV) belongs to the genus Pestivirus, which also comprises bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and ... classical swine fever virus (CSFV), and border disease virus from sheep (BDV). In this study, we report the first complete ... 1981) Border disease: virus persistence, antibody response and transmission studies. Res. Vet. Sci. 30:185-191. ...
more infohttps://jvi.asm.org/content/72/6/5165

Seroprevalence of border disease virus and other pestiviruses in sheep in Algeria and associated risk factors | BMC Veterinary...Seroprevalence of border disease virus and other pestiviruses in sheep in Algeria and associated risk factors | BMC Veterinary...

... virus neutralization test) for the detection of neutralizing antibodies specific for BDV and for Bovine virus diarrhea virus ( ... The present study was conducted between 2015 and 2016 to determine the flock seroprevalence of the disease in Algeria and to ... Further studies are needed to detect and isolate the virus strains circulating in the country and understand the distribution ... Border disease virus (BDV) is a pestivirus responsible for significant economic losses in sheep industry. ...
more infohttps://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-018-1666-y

Chamois populations from Oriental Pyrenees resist the Border Disease virus | CReSA & the city blogChamois populations from Oriental Pyrenees resist the Border Disease virus | CReSA & the city blog

... the UAB reveals that chamois from the Ripollès region do not suffer this disease because they have a second strain of the virus ... the Pyrenean chamois suffer the border disease virus with 80% of mortality. Now, a study made by IRTA-CReSA and ... The Border Disease Virus is a worldwide disease in livestock animals such as sheep and goats, as it causes an abortion disease ... Chamois populations from Oriental Pyrenees resist the Border Disease virus. Monday July 22nd, 2019 Wildlife animals, Research ...
more infohttp://www.cresa.cat/blogs/sociedad/en/isards-ripolles-virus-pirineu/

Characterization of one sheep border disease virus in China | Virology Journal | Full TextCharacterization of one sheep border disease virus in China | Virology Journal | Full Text

... causes border disease (BD) affecting mainly sheep and goats worldwide. BDV in goat herds suffering diarrhea was recently ... The sheep kept virus positive and antibody negative in the next 6 months of whole fattening period, and was defined as ... persistent infection (PI). The virus was isolated in MDBK cells without cytopathic effect (CPE) and named as JSLS12-01. Near- ... From: Characterization of one sheep border disease virus in China. Farm Regions Goats/sheep ELISA RT-PCR ...
more infohttps://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12985-014-0217-9/tables/1

Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease | Regional Office for AfricaUganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease | Regional Office for Africa

... to establish mechanisms to share disease surveillance data across districts and borders in order to prevent or control disease ... "Infectious diseases dont know borders and a disease across the border is a disease on your border," said Dr Issah Makumbi the ... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg Virus Disease... Uganda and Kenya Hold Cross Border Meeting on Marburg ... In view of the above, the meeting aimed at establishing a sensitive cross-border disease surveillance system for timely ...
more infohttps://afro.who.int/pt/node/9032

Characterization of one sheep border disease virus in China | Virology Journal | Full TextCharacterization of one sheep border disease virus in China | Virology Journal | Full Text

... causes border disease (BD) affecting mainly sheep and goats worldwide. BDV in goat herds suffering diarrhea was recently ... The sheep kept virus positive and antibody negative in the next 6 months of whole fattening period, and was defined as ... persistent infection (PI). The virus was isolated in MDBK cells without cytopathic effect (CPE) and named as JSLS12-01. Near- ...
more infohttps://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12985-014-0217-9/email/correspondent/c1/new

Lawmakers press for tougher border measures to curb virus spread | CIDRAPLawmakers press for tougher border measures to curb virus spread | CIDRAP

... to the swine influenza outbreak today faced increasing pressure to implement more aggressive measures at the Mexico border and ... if they could foresee a situation in which the Mexican border would be closed to prevent further spread of the disease. ... Lawmakers press for tougher border measures to curb virus spread. Filed Under: ... Sen Lindsay Graham, R-S.C., pointed out that, with the coming growing season, guest workers will be coming across the border ...
more infohttp://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2009/04/lawmakers-press-tougher-border-measures-curb-virus-spread

Pompeo slammed as sinister by top Chinese official for Wuhan virus remarks - Washington TimesPompeo slammed as 'sinister' by top Chinese official for 'Wuhan virus' remarks - Washington Times

Quiz: Can you pass a pandemics, plagues and infectious diseases test? C-SPAN compiles videos of House chaplains prayers during ... Smugglers posing as wall construction crew in shootout with border patrol Quiz: Can you pass a basic medical terms test? ... Pompeo had referred to the "Wuhan virus" at least four times during a press conference held the previous day following a ... Quiz: Can you pass a pandemics, plagues and infectious diseases test? ...
more infohttps://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2020/mar/26/pompeo-slammed-as-sinister-by-top-chinese-official/

C t T C G   X p a ??WC t T C G X p a ??W

border disease virus { [ _ [ a E B X bovine serum albumin A u ~ ABSA ... bovine viral diarrheal virus E V E C X E C X ABVDV ... Rous sarcoma virus E X ???E B X ARSV ryanodine receptor A m W e ... herpes simplex virus type 1 P w y X E B X1 ^ AHSV-1 ... Niemann-Pick disease type C j [ } s b N aC ^ ANPC N-linked ... vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein v ??? E B X ^ p N AVSV-G ... Tangier disease ^ W [ a TATA box-binding protein TATA { b N X ...
more infohttp://web.archive.org/web/20050318000929/http:/mapage.noos.fr/BioTrans/lifedic.html

WHO | Ebola virus disease, West Africa - updateWHO | Ebola virus disease, West Africa - update

... and enhancing cross-border collaboration. The next cross-border meeting between the three countries is planned for 23 June 2014 ... Ebola virus disease, West Africa - update. Disease Outbreak News 18 June 2014 ... the necessary technical expertise to the Ministries of Health to stop community and health facility transmission of the virus. ... Ebola virus disease fact sheet * Previous outbreak news on Ebola virus disease ...
more infohttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2014_06_18_ebola/en/

Border Disease Virus among Chamois, Spain - Volume 15, Number 3-March 2009 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDCBorder Disease Virus among Chamois, Spain - Volume 15, Number 3-March 2009 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC

Border disease virus infection was identified by reverse transcription-PCR and sequencing analysis. These results implicate ... this virus as the primary cause of death, similar to findings in the previous epizootic in 2001. ... Border Disease Virus among Chamois, Spain. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2009;15(3):448-451. doi:10.3201/eid1503.081155.. ... Presumptive diagnostic differentiation of hog cholera virus from bovine viral diarrhea and border disease viruses by using a ...
more infohttps://wwwnc-origin.cdc.gov/eid/article/15/3/08-1155

Delhi likely to get cleaner version of CNG | TehelkaDelhi likely to get cleaner version of CNG | Tehelka

India, Pakistan to install new gates at Attari-Wagah border. No new cases of Nipah Virus disease in Kerala: Dr Harsh.... ...
more infohttp://tehelka.com/delhi-likely-to-get-cleaner-version-of-cng/

Table - Influenza Virus Transmission from Horses to Dogs, Australia - Volume 16, Number 4-April 2010 - Emerging Infectious...Table - Influenza Virus Transmission from Horses to Dogs, Australia - Volume 16, Number 4-April 2010 - Emerging Infectious...

Nucleotide sequence of the virus from dogs was identical to that from horses. No evidence of dog-to-dog transmission or virus ... respiratory disease in dogs in close contact with infected horses was noted; influenza (H3N8) virus infection was confirmed. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... Border collie. 4 y/FN. None. 15. NS. Neg. Neg. NA. NA. Neg. NA. NA. ...
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/content/16/4/699-t1.htm
  • Mpondwe border crossing between Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. (cdc.gov)
  • As of September 22, 2019, a total of 3,168 probable and laboratory-confirmed cases had been reported in the outbreak, 3,162 (99%) of which were reported from North Kivu (Nord-Kivu) and Ituri provinces, in the northeastern part of the country, bordering Uganda ( 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Kapchorwa 10th November 2017- Political leaders, civil servants, health workers and security officers from Kenya and Uganda have agreed to establish mechanisms to share disease surveillance data across districts and borders in order to prevent or control disease outbreaks. (who.int)
  • The meeting was necessitated by fact that Uganda and Kenya share a long porous border through which people move easily and frequently and the communities along the border are closely related. (who.int)
  • The confirmation was made today by the Uganda Virus Institute (UVRI). (freerepublic.com)
  • The investigational vaccine being used in DRC and by health and frontline workers in Uganda has so far been effective in protecting people from developing the disease, and has helped those who do develop the disease to have a better chance of survival. (freerepublic.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Two officials testified at the Senate homeland security hearing: Janet Napolitano, secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), designated as the lead federal official in influenza epidemic response, and Anne Schuchat, MD, interim deputy director for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) science and public health program. (umn.edu)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • A senior technical advisor to Uganda's Ministry of Health, Vance has supported a wide range of public health initiatives: from disease surveillance, border health, emergency management, and laboratory systems to vaccine deployment, workforce development, health communication, and logistics. (cdc.gov)
  • They resolved to establish local community based trans-boundary disease surveillance mechanisms using community structures such as Village Health Teams (VHTs). (who.int)
  • To achieve the above, participant highlighted the importance of across border training sessions on surveillance and to address attitudes of the local community through risk communication. (who.int)
  • Dr Makumbi, therefore, presented the Institutional Framework for Cross-border Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response that should be used by the six Member States to address Public Health Events. (who.int)
  • In view of the above, the meeting aimed at establishing a sensitive cross-border disease surveillance system for timely detection and response to public health events with special focus on Marburg. (who.int)
  • Finally, they generated consensus on the national and collaborative activities to be undertaken to strengthen cross-border surveillance and overall outbreak response. (who.int)
  • She asked Napolitano about the number of US swine flu cases that have had links to Mexico travel and whether the heavy volume of daily traffic across the border should prompt the DHS to reconsider passive surveillance measures that are in place and evaluate if tools such as temperature scanners could help identify more sick patients at ports of entry. (umn.edu)
  • She added that though surveillance is called "passive," border control agents visually inspect incoming travelers, question them about symptoms and recent illnesses, and isolate and test those who appear to be sick. (umn.edu)
  • BDV is the causative agent of an important congenital disease of sheep and is probably distributed worldwide (see reference 29 for a review). (asm.org)
  • In addition, a syndrome similar to mucosal disease of cattle has been described for sheep infected with ruminant pestiviruses ( 1 , 30 ). (asm.org)
  • The Border Disease Virus is a worldwide disease in livestock animals such as sheep and goats, as it causes an abortion disease that reduces livestock production. (cresa.cat)
  • Fortunately, in the same study, researchers have found that none of the two strains of the disease virus can cause mortality in domestic ruminants such as sheep, goats or cows. (cresa.cat)
  • Tamdy virus (TAMV) was first isolated from the tick species Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum collected from sheep in the Tamdinsky district of the Bukhara region, Uzbekistan, in 1971 ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • For pestiviruses and hepatitis C viruses (HCV), it has been reported that the 5′ NCR contains an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) for translation initiation ( 32 , 35 , 50 ). (asm.org)
  • It is suspected that fruit bats are natural carriers of disease, native to this region of Africa including Sierra Leone and also a popular food source for both humans and wildlife. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transmission is believed to be by contact with the blood and body fluids of those infected with the virus, as well as by handling raw bushmeat such as bats and monkeys, which are important sources of protein in West Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apr 29, 2009 (CIDRAP News) - Top US officials responsible for managing the nation's response to the swine influenza outbreak today faced increasing pressure to implement more aggressive measures at the Mexico border and reveal more details about the status of a vaccine. (umn.edu)
  • Lawmakers asked how the CDC was progressing with preparing a vaccine against the H1N1 swine flu virus. (umn.edu)
  • The vaccine against the H5N1 avian influenza virus has been somewhat disappointing, because a large amount of antigen is needed for a protective effect, and two doses are needed. (umn.edu)
  • People who have been in contact with someone with the disease are offered vaccine and asked to monitor their health for 21 days to ensure they do not become ill as well. (freerepublic.com)
  • The virus can continue to circulate among the population causing even more mortality or it can also happen that the population is recovering quickly because the transmission has stopped and the virus has stopped circulating. (cresa.cat)
  • This will help us to understand the dynamics of diseases, the transmission mechanisms and evaluate the impact on fauna according to the geographical area, "explains Dr. Òscar Cabezón. (cresa.cat)
  • However, they point out that more studies are needed to assess the possibility of transmission of this disease among the different species of ruminants. (cresa.cat)
  • Following the confirmation of new cases and deaths in new areas in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, WHO and its partners continue to provide the necessary technical expertise to the Ministries of Health to stop community and health facility transmission of the virus. (who.int)
  • Breast milk may contain the virus for two weeks after recovery, and transmission of the disease to a consumer of the breast milk may be possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fanta's mother and 3-month-old sibling remain disease-free and are residing in Guinea during a 40-day mourning period before joining the rest of her family in Mali. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 29 October it was thought she had contact with 141 people, however not all of them were found, including 6 of the 10 people on the bus ride with the child from the Guinea border to Bamako. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is thought to have originated when a child in a bat-hunting family contracted the disease in Guinea in December 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taking into account our knowledge about other positive-strand RNA viruses, the 5′ and 3′ sequences of pestiviral RNAs probably harbor additional specific signals for viral replication, transcription, and translation ( 11 , 42 , 53 ). (asm.org)
  • Previous studies with HIV-positive patients at SYHC indicate cross-border mobility and bi-national care seeking behavior in this clinic population. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • de Noiij M, van der Aa (1987) Phomopsis subordinaria and associated stalk disease in natural populations of Plantago lanceolata . (springer.com)
  • We used a transcriptomics approach to investigate the viruses harbored by the ticks and used the BGI mRNA Library Preparation protocol according to MGIEasy mRNA Library Prep Kit (BGI, https://www.bgi.com ) to construct the RNA sequencing libraries for each tick. (cdc.gov)
  • and organizing regular rotational cross border meetings. (who.int)
  • and enhancing cross-border collaboration. (who.int)
  • The next cross-border meeting between the three countries is planned for 23 June 2014. (who.int)
  • Rabies is a disease that affects both people and animals, and is nearly always fatal once clinical signs have developed. (cdc.gov)
  • Dinus RJ (1971) Knowledge about natural ecosystems as a guide to disease control in managed forests. (springer.com)
  • Sen John McCain, R-Ariz., asked the officials if they could foresee a situation in which the Mexican border would be closed to prevent further spread of the disease. (umn.edu)
  • By 25 October, it was estimated that the child had contact with as many as 300 people, 43 of whom were placed in isolation to prevent the disease from spreading. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geng Shuang, a spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, rebuked the Trump administration's top diplomat for using the phrase several times Wednesday to describe the deadly virus first discovered in Wuhan , China , which subsequently became the epicenter of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic that that has killed thousands of people worldwide in recent months. (washingtontimes.com)
  • see also Fomites) One aspect of Sierra Leone that is alleged to have aided the disease, is the strong desire of many to have very involved funeral practices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sen Susan Collins, R-Maine, ranking member of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, praised the government's overall level of preparedness but said the committee has expressed concerns over the past few years about the nation's ability to provide mass medical care, procure needed countermeasures, and coordinate border-related medical issues, such as travelers with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB), between federal departments. (umn.edu)
  • Alexander HM, Burdon JJ (1984) The effect of disease induced by Albugo candida (white rust) and Peronospora parasitica (downy mildew) on the survival and reproduction of Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse). (springer.com)
  • Participants were therefore oriented on priority diseases reporting and investigation. (who.int)
  • They could be the first nation on the planet with open borders and we could just build the wall around Cali. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • President Trump has repeatedly referred to the "Chinese virus" recently, however, explaining, "It comes from China , that's why. (washingtontimes.com)
  • This is an exploratory study of Latinos living with HIV in the San Diego-Tijuana US-Mexico border region. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A study carried out by researchers from IRTA-CReSA and the Ecopathology of Wildlife Ecology Service (SEFaS) of the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) published in the Transboundary and emerging diseases , explains this exclusivity. (cresa.cat)
  • Agricultural experience has underlined the debilitating effects that parasitic plants, nematodes, fungi, bacteria and viruses may have on host plants, but this provides little guide to their importance in the far more diverse and unpredictable world of natural ecosystems. (springer.com)