Boraginaceae: The Borage plant family is in the class Magnoliopsida, subclass Asteridae, order Lamiales. It is characterized by hairy foliage, usually alternate and simple; flowers are funnel-shaped or tubular. Some of the species contain PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS.Lithospermum: A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE. Members contain lithospermans and lithospermic acid.Borago: A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE.Pulmonaria: A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Echium: A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE. Members contain GAMMA-LINOLENIC ACID and PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS.Inflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Teucrium: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain teuscordonin. There have been reports of hepatoxicity by this genus.PakistanSeed Dispersal: The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Floridagamma-Linolenic Acid: An omega-6 fatty acid produced in the body as the delta 6-desaturase metabolite of linoleic acid. It is converted to dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid, a biosynthetic precursor of monoenoic prostaglandins such as PGE1. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Turnera: A plant genus of the family Turneraceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Naphthoquinones: Naphthalene rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.Primula: A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE. It can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS. SAPONINS have been identified in the root.Depsides: Phenolic benzoic acid esters.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Genetic Privacy: The protection of genetic information about an individual, family, or population group, from unauthorized disclosure.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Manipulation, Osteopathic: Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.Pulvinus: A group of cells at the base of a leaf in certain plants that, by rapidly losing water, brings about changes in the position of the leaves. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Bisexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.Atrial Appendage: Ear-shaped appendage of either atrium of the heart. (Dorland, 28th ed)Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Western Australia: A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Santalaceae: A plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are parasites that form connections (haustoria) to their hosts to obtain water and nutrients. The one-seeded fruit may be surrounded by a brightly colored nut-like structure.MiningCommitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.BooksChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Atlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Weed Control: The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.Book SelectionBook Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.

Toxicity to sea urchin egg development of the quinone fraction obtained from Auxemma oncocalyx. (1/34)

Auxemma oncocalyx Taub. belongs to the Boraginaceae family and is native to the Brazilian northeast where it is known as "pau-branco". We investigated the ability of the water soluble fraction isolated from the heartwood of A. oncocalyx to inhibit sea urchin egg development. This fraction contains about 80% oncocalyxone A (quinone fraction), a compound known to possess strong cytotoxic and antitumor activities. In fact, the quinone fraction inhibited cleavage in a dose-dependent manner [IC50 of 18.4 (12.4-27.2) microg/ml, N = 6], and destroyed the embryos in the blastula stage [IC50 of 16.2 (13.7-19.2) microg/ml, N = 6]. We suggest that this activity is due to the presence of oncocalyxone A. In fact, these quinones present in A. oncocalyx extract have strong toxicity related to their antimitotic activity.  (+info)

Cholinesterase inhibitory constituents from Onosma hispida. (2/34)

Hispidone, a new flavanone, has been isolated from Onosma hispida and assigned the structure (2S)-5,2'-dihydroxy-7,4',5'-trimethoxyflavanone (1) by spectroscopic methods. In addition, (2S)-5,2'-dihydroxy-7,5'-dimethoxyflavanone (2), benzoic acid (3), and 4-hydroxy benzoic acid (4) are also reported for the first time from this species.  (+info)

Antioxidant effects in the quinone fraction from Auxemma oncocalyx TAUB. (3/34)

In previous studies in vitro we showed that the quinone fraction (QF) from the heartwood of Auxemma oncocalyx TAUB. presented antiplatelet and antioxidant activities. In the present work, the QF antioxidant property was evaluated in models of CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats, and prolongation of pentobarbital-induced sleeping time in mice. Our results showed that levels of plasma glutamate-pyruvate-transaminase (GPT), as well as glutamate-oxalate-transaminase (GOT), were increased by the administration of CCl(4). On the other hand, only GPT levels were reduced by the QF treatment. Pentobarbital sleeping time was prolonged by the administration of CCl(4) and reduced by the QF treatment. Moreover, QF did not alter the pentobarbital-induced sleeping time. In conclusion, we showed that QF, represented mainly by oncocalyxone A, has hepatoprotective activity, and this effect is at least in part due to the antioxidant activity of this quinone.  (+info)

Anti-inflammatory cyathane diterpenoids from Sarcodon scabrosus. (4/34)

Four novel diterpenoids were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Sarcodon scabrosus (Fr.) Karst. (Boraginaceae) together with neosarcodonin A. One of the novel compounds was elucidated to be a cyathane diterpenoid, namely neosarcodonin O, by its spectral data. The others were characterized as 19-O-linoleoyl, 19-O-oleoyl and 19-O-stearoyl derivatives of sarcodonin A, after comparison with the authentic samples synthetically prepared from sarcodonin A. These compounds, together with the five 19-O-acyl derivatives synthesized from sarcodonin A, each exhibited inhibitory activity against 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inflammation on mouse ears by topical application.  (+info)

Molecular systematics of Boraginaceae tribe Boragineae based on ITS1 and trnL sequences, with special reference to Anchusa s.l. (5/34)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Boragineae is one of the main tribes of Boraginaceae, but delimitation and intergeneric classification of this group are unclear and have not yet been studied using DNA sequences. In particular, phylogenetic relationships in Anchusa s.l. still need to be elucidated in order to assess its taxonomic boundaries with respect to the controversial segregate genera Hormuzakia, Gastrocotyle, Phyllocara and Cynoglottis. METHODS: Phylogenetic relationships among 51 taxa of tribe Boragineae were investigated by comparative sequencing of the trnL(UAA) intron of the plastid genome and of the ITS1 region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. Exemplar taxa from 16 genera of Boragineae and all subgenera of Anchusa s.l. were included, along with two selected outgroups from tribes Lithospermeae and Cynoglosseae. KEY RESULTS: Phylogenies generated by maximum parsimony and combined ITS1-trnL sequences support the monophyly of the tribe and a split into two clades, Pentaglottis and the remainder of Boragineae. The latter contains two large monophyletic groups. The first consists of three moderately to well-supported branches, Borago-Symphytum, Pulmonaria-Nonea and Brunnera. In the Pulmonaria-Nonea subclade, the rare endemic Paraskevia cesatiana is sister to Pulmonaria, and Nonea appears to be paraphyletic with respect to Elizaldia. The second main group corresponds to the well-supported clade of Anchusa s.l., with the megaphyllic, polyploid herb Trachystemon orientalis as sister taxon, although with low support. Anchusa s.l. is highly paraphyletic to its segregate genera and falls into four subclades: (1) Phyllocara, Hormuzakia, Anchusa subgenus Buglossum and A. subgenus Buglossoides; (2) Gastrocotyle; (3) A. subgenus Buglossellum and Cynoglottis; and (4) A. subgenus Anchusa, Lycopsis and Anchusella. All species of Anchusa subg. Anchusa, including the South African A. capensis, are included in a single unresolved clade. Anchusa subgenus Limbata is also included here despite marked divergence in floral morphology. The low nucleotide variation of ITS1 suggests a recent partly adaptive radiation within this group. CONCLUSIONS: Molecular data show that nine of the usually accepted genera of the Boragineae consisting of two or more species are monophyletic: Anchusella, Borago, Brunnera, Cynoglottis, Gastrocotyle, Hormuzakia, Nonea, Pulmonaria and Symphytum. In addition, the tribe includes the four monotypic genera Paraskevia, Pentaglottis, Phyllocara and Trachystemon. The morphologically well-characterized segregate genera in Anchusa s.l. are all confirmed by DNA sequences and should be definitively accepted. Most of the traditionally recognized subgenera of Anchusa are also supported as monophyletic groups by both nuclear and plastid sequence data. In order to bring taxonomy in line with phylogeny, the institution of new, independent generic entities for subgenera Buglossum, Buglossellum and Buglossoides and a narrower but more natural concept of Anchusa are advocated.  (+info)

Life history traits in selfing versus outcrossing annuals: exploring the 'time-limitation' hypothesis for the fitness benefit of self-pollination. (6/34)

BACKGROUND: Most self-pollinating plants are annuals. According to the 'time-limitation' hypothesis, this association between selfing and the annual life cycle has evolved as a consequence of strong r-selection, involving severe time-limitation for completing the life cycle. Under this model, selection from frequent density-independent mortality in ephemeral habitats minimizes time to flower maturation, with selfing as a trade-off, and/or selection minimizes the time between flower maturation and ovule fertilization, in which case selfing has a direct fitness benefit. Predictions arising from this hypothesis were evaluated using phylogenetically-independent contrasts of several life history traits in predominantly selfing versus outcrossing annuals from a data base of 118 species distributed across 14 families. Data for life history traits specifically related to maturation and pollination times were obtained by monitoring the start and completion of different stages of reproductive development in a greenhouse study of selfing and outcrossing annuals from an unbiased sample of 25 species involving five pair-wise family comparisons and four pair-wise genus comparisons. RESULTS: Selfing annuals in general had significantly shorter plant heights, smaller flowers, shorter bud development times, shorter flower longevity and smaller seed sizes compared with their outcrossing annual relatives. Age at first flower did not differ significantly between selfing and outcrossing annuals. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first multi-species study to report these general life-history differences between selfers and outcrossers among annuals exclusively. The results are all explained more parsimoniously by selection associated with time-limitation than by selection associated with pollinator/mate limitation. The shorter bud development time reported here for selfing annuals is predicted explicitly by the time-limitation hypothesis for the fitness benefit of selfing (and not by the alternative 'reproductive assurance' hypothesis associated with pollinator/mate limitation). Support for the time-limitation hypothesis is also evident from published surveys: whereas selfers and outcrossers are about equally represented among annual species as a whole, selfers occur in much higher frequencies among the annual species found in two of the most severely time-limited habitats where flowering plants grow--deserts and cultivated habitats.  (+info)

Isolation of onosmins A and B, lipoxygenase inhibitors from Onosma hispida. (7/34)

Onosmins A (1) and B (2), lipoxygenase inhibitors, have been isolated from Onosma hispida. Their structures were established as 2-[(4-methylbenzyl)amino]benzoic acid (1) and methyl 2-[(4-methylbenzyl)amino]benzoate (2) through spectroscopic studies, including 2D-NMR. The known compounds apigenin (3), 6,4'-dimethoxy-3,5,7-trihydroxyflavone (4), 6,7-dimethoxy-3,5,4'-trihydroxyflavone (5) and apigenin 7-O-beta-D-glucoside (6) are also reported for the first time from this species. Compounds (1) and (2) inhibited lipoxygenase (LOX, EC 1.13.11.12) enzyme in a concentration-dependent fashion with IC50 values of 24.0 and 36.2 microM, respectively. Lineweaver-Burk as well as Dixon plots and their secondary replots indicated that the nature of inhibition was purely a non-competitive type, with K(i) values 22.0 microM and 31.1, respectively.  (+info)

Phenyl polypropanoids from Lindelofia stylosa. (8/34)

A phytochemical investigation on the aerial parts of Lindelofia stylosa has resulted in the isolation of seven phenyl propanoids. This includes three analogs of lithospermic acid, along with rosmarinic acid and its ester derivatives. Compound 1 was identified as a new natural product. These compounds were studied for their antioxidant properties.  (+info)

*Boraginaceae

... Diversityoflife.com Watson, L. and M. J. Dallwitz. 1992 onwards. Boraginaceae Juss. Archived July 1, 2005, at the ... In some recent classifications[which?] the Boraginaceae is broken up into several families: Boraginaceae sensu stricto, ... Mabberley's Plant-Book Boraginaceae At: Plant Names At: IPNI Home page of James L. Reveal and C. Rose Broome Boraginaceae ( ... The Boraginaceae is paraphyletic with respect to Hydrophyllaceae and the latter is included in the former in the APG II system ...

*Euchalcia emichi

Boraginaceae). Zahiri & Fibiger, 2008. The Plusiinae of Iran (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). Revista de Lepidopterologia vol.36 No.143 ...

*Cryptantha

... is a genus of flowering plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae. They are known commonly as cat's eyes and popcorn ... 2012). Cat's eyes and popcorn flowers: phylogenetic systematics of the genus Cryptantha s. l. (Boraginaceae). Systematic Botany ...

*Boraginoideae

... is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Boraginaceae, as that family is defined in the APG III system of ... Many of the botanists who work with Boraginaceae do not follow the APG III system. Instead, they recognize five to eight ... 2001 onwards). "Boraginaceae". At: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. At: Missouri Botanical Garden Website. (see External links ... Distribution Map And Genus list At Boraginaceae At Boraginales At: Trees At: APweb At: Missouri Botanical Garden Preview. ...

*Pseudomertensia

Boraginaceae. pages 329-427. In: Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven, and Hong Deyuan and Flora of China Editorial Committee (editors). ... 16: Gentianaceae - Boraginaceae. Science Press: Beijing, China; and Missouri Botanical Garden Press: St. Louis, MO, USA. ISBN ... In: "Boraginaceae". pages 1-281. In: Karl Heinz Rechinger (editor). Flora Iranica, monograph 48. Akademische Druck- und ... Pseudomertensia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Boraginaceae. They are perennial herbs with blue or bluish purple ...

*Mertensia

Boraginaceae At: Boraginales At: Magnoliopsida At: Tracheophyta At: Plants At: Global Species Mertensia At: Boraginaceae At: ... Such a change in flower color is common in Boraginaceae and is caused by an increase of pH in the flower tissue.[citation ... "Boraginaceae". pages 73-508 and 516-531. In: English translation of: Boris K. Schischkin (editor). Flora of the USSR, volume 19 ... "Boraginaceae". pages 67-691 and 701-716. In: Boris K. Schischkin (editor). Flora of the USSR, volume 19 - Tubiflorae. ...

*APG III system

Boraginaceae Juss. (including Hoplestigmataceae Gilg) Vahliaceae Dandy Icacinaceae Miers Metteniusaceae H.Karst. ex Schnizl. ... and Boraginaceae. The paragraph below shows the number of families in each order and the placement of those families that were ... family Boraginaceae-unplaced in an order family Vahliaceae-unplaced in an order family Icacinaceae-unplaced in an order family ...

*Ehretioideae

"Family: Boraginaceae Juss., nom. cons. subfam. Ehretioideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department ... "Genera of Boraginaceae subfam. Ehretioideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture ... Ehretioideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Boraginaceae. Bourreria P.Browne Cortesia Cav. Ehretia P.Browne ...

*Reveal system

Boraginaceae family 10. Tetrachondraceae family 11. Hoplestigmataceae family 12. Lennoaceae superorder 3. Loasanae order 1. ...

*Pulmonaria obscura

... belonging to the family Boraginaceae. In Central Europe it is the most widely occurring member of the Boraginaceae. The ... Boraginaceae) in Suffolk" (PDF). Watsonia. 21: 169-178. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Pulmonaria obscura. ...

*Flowering plant

Boraginaceae (borage family): 2,740; Urticaceae (nettle family): 2,625; Ranunculaceae (buttercup family): 2,525; Lauraceae ( ...

*APG IV system

J.Presl † Boraginaceae Juss., nom. cons. (including Codonaceae Weigend & Hilger) Vahliales Doweld † Vahliaceae Dandy Solanales ...

*Cordioideae

"Genera of Boraginaceae subfam. Cordioideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ... Cordioideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Boraginaceae. Coldenia L. Cordia L. Saccellium Humb. & Bonpl. " ...

*Peter H. Raven

Gentianaceae through Boraginaceae, Vol. 16. Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis). p. 479. Zheng-yi ...

*Nacunday National Park

... the Boraginaceae family: Petereby (Cordia dichotoma); and the family Moraceae: Tatajyva (Cholorophora tinctoria) and Amba'y ( ...

*Maevia Noemí Correa

Boraginaceae, en MN Correa (ed.), Flora Patagónica. Dicotiledoneae gamopétalas (Ericaceae a Calyceraceae). Colec. Cient. INTA. ...

*Myosotis monroi

Myosotis belongs to the family Boraginaceae. It has a cymose inflorescence with flowers mainly yellow in colour. Not threatened ...

*Pholisma

... belongs to the family Boraginaceae. Other species include Pholisma arenarium, the "desert Christmas tree". The ...

*Crocomela erectistria

The larvae feed on Boraginaceae species. Species info. ...

*London Clay

Boraginaceae Ehretia clausentia Ehretia ehretioides Heliotropium sp. Solanaceae †Cantisolanum daturoides Datura sp. - similar ...

*Glossary of botanical terms

In Boraginaceae, the site of distinctive appendages. felted covered with very dense, interlocked and matted hairs with the ... nutlet a small nut, one of the lobes or sections of the mature ovary of some members of the Boraginaceae, Verbenaceae, and ...

*Georg Fresenius

Cordiaceae, Heliotropieae, Borragineae, 1857 - Cordiaceae, Heliotropioideae, Boraginaceae. This article is based on a ...

*Kenneth Kent Mackenzie

Bush Boraginaceae Macromeria thurberi (A.Gray) Mack. Onosmodium hispidissimum Mack. = Onosmodium molle subsp. hispidissimum ( ...

*Phacelia covillei

... but has more recently been placed in Boraginaceae, the Borage Family, in keeping with the findings of the Angiosperm Phylogeny ... Biosystematics of the Phacelia ranunculacea complex (Boraginaceae). M.S. thesis, Miami University, Ohio. 60 pp. http://www. ...

*Oleaceae

15) ISBN 978-0-915279-34-0 (set). Flora ornamental española, VI (Araliaceae - Boraginaceae), 2010. Peter S. Green and Diana ...
Synonyms for Boraginaceae in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Boraginaceae. 2 synonyms for Boraginaceae: borage family, family Boraginaceae. What are synonyms for Boraginaceae?
Boraginaceae family is known as a medicinal plant classified in dicotyledons. It is originated from Asia (Middle East). The aim of this study was to evaluate ingredient between 4 species of Boraginaceae family based on physiological & phytochemical traits as well as seed fatty acid contents. 4 species (E. russicum, E. italicum, E. amoenum, and B. officinalis) were evaluated carefully. All seeds were cultivated in identical conditions in a greenhouse in Tehran to assesse parameters such as tannins, phenols, anthocyanin, total protein, seed oil contents, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), and Catalase (CAT) activity. Analysis of oil from seeds of EchiumL. determined 7 different fatty acids including Linolenic acid (35.1%), Linoleic acid (16.8%), Oleic acid (16.6%) and Arachidonic acid (15.5%) as major fatty acids, while stearic acid (4.42%), Palmitic acid (6.22%), Gama-Linolenic acid (6.04%) were the minor fatty acids extracted from seeds. Low protein content was observed in E. russicum(70 mg/g) and
Long-distance dispersal seems to be the main biogeographic event responsible for intriguing distribution patterns in plant groups in which sister taxa are separated by thousands of kilometers of distance across oceans and continents. The biotic and abiotic mechanisms behind such dispersal events are poorly understood and many attempts have been made to explain how plants can manage to disperse and survive these long journeys. The biogeographic history of Boraginaceae, a subcosmopolitan plant family with many disjunct clades, is here addressed and analyzed in the context of the different dispersal modes exhibited by the species. The lack of a clear pattern between the main dispersal events in Boraginaceae and the phylogenetic distribution of the dispersal modes indicates that no single dispersal mechanism can be associated with the events of dispersal in the family. Moreover, adaptations to different dispersal agents and unassisted dispersal modes in some clades might have promoted the diversification of
oncocalyxone A: a 1,4-anthracenedione isolated from Auxemma oncocalyx (Boraginaceae) that has been shown to be cytotoxic to tumor cells in vitro
BORAGINACEAE (Borage Family). Contributed by David J. Bogler and George Yatskievych. Plants annual, biennial, or perennial herbs (shrubs or trees elsewhere). Stems unbranched or branched, often hairy, sometimes appearing bristly, the hairs often with persistent pustular bases. Leaves alternate and sometimes also basal, well developed (except sometimes toward the stem base in Lithospermum and a few other genera), the margins entire. Stipules absent. Leaf blades simple, sessile or tapered to an often winged petiole, the surfaces usually stiffly hairy, the hairs often with persistent pustular bases (with calcified or silicified walls, known as cystoliths) and roughened to the touch, less commonly glabrous. Inflorescences mostly of terminal racemes or spikes, these often appearing coiled (scorpioid) and uncoiling as the flowers develop, sometimes panicles, seldom of solitary axillary flowers, the flowers most commonly subtended by bracts. Flowers actinomorphic (the corolla zygomorphic in Echium, the ...
Pictures of boraginaceae wildflowers of West USA. Typical specimen of oreocarya capitata, along the Grandview Trail, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. High resolution version
In A549, Bel-7402, MCF-7 and LLC cell lines, acetylshikonin inhibited cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. IC50 (means ± SD) were 5.6 ± 0.86 μg/ml, 6.82 ± 1.5 μg/ml, 3.04 ± 0.44 μg/ml and 2.72 ± 0.38 μg/ml respectively. Acetylshikonin suppressed tumor growth in C57BL/6 mice with LLC. The inhibition rate of acetylshikonin (2 mg/kg) was 42.85%. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that in the acetylshikonin groups the expression of bax and caspase-3 increased, whereas the expression of bcl-2 decreased, suggesting that acetylshikonin induced tumor cell apoptosis through activating the pro-apoptotic bcl-2 family and caspase-3 ...
The Last Millenium. Hofmann, Maria (1999): Flower and fruit development in the genus Phacelia (Phacelieae, Hydrophyllaceae): characters of systematic value. - Syst. Geogr. Pl. 68(1-2): 203-212. Böhle, Uta-Regina, Hilger, H.H., Cerff, R. & Martin, W. (1994): Non-coding chloroplast DNA for plant molecular systematics at the infrageneric level - In: Schierwater, B., Streit, B., Wagner, G.P. & DeSalle, R. (eds.): Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and Application: 391- 403.. Hilger, H.H. (1994): Die Evolution der Rauhblattgewächse (Boraginaceae) in Makaronesien. - Ulmensien 8: 23- 32.. Hilger, H.H., Hoppe, J.R. & Hofmann, Maria (1993): Energiedispersive Röntgenmikroanalyse (EDX) von Boraginaceae subfam. Boraginoideae - Klausenoberflächen. Sind Silicium- und Calcium- Einlagerungen in die Fruchtwand systematisch verwertbare Merkmale? - Flora 188: 387- 398.. Hilger, H.H. (1992): Morphology of Heliotropium (Boraginaceae) dispersal units. - Bot. Acta 105: 387- 393.. Hilger, H.H. (1989): ...
... : identification pictures (images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar species
Arnebia benthamii Family: Boraginaceae (forget-me-not family) Parts used : ( Arnebia benthamii )Aerial part, leaves,flowers,root. Distribution :
What is Lithodora? Botanically known as Lithodora diffusa, this plant is a hardy ground cover that produces masses of tiny, intensely blue, star-shaped flowers. What to know more about growing Lithodora ground cover? Click the following article.
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs or less often shrublets or trees, usually with coarse hairs that arise from a tuberculate base; hairs appressed, subappressed or setose. Leaves alternate, simple, exatipulate. Inflorescence initially a scorpiod or helicoid cynic that uncoils at anthesis, sometimes spicate, loosely cymose or with solitary flowers. Flowers generally regular and bisexual or less often irregular, sometimes heterostylous. Calyx 5-lobed, often enlarging in fruit. Corolla 5 -lobed, salverform, funnelform or campanulate. Throat glabrous or with scales (appendages) or a zone of hairs, a nectiferous ring or collar sometimes present at base of corolla tube. Stamens 5, epipetalous, alternating with the corolla lobes, equal or unequal. Filaments exserted beyond the corolla tube or not. Ovary superior, 4-locular at maturity. Style gynobasic or terminal, usually simple; stigma entire or by splitting of style, 24-lobed. Fruit of 2 or 4 nutlets or drupaceous. Nutlets borne on a gynobase that ...
A collection of photographs by Paul Rebmann of Florida flora and fauna. Nature photos with information and a focus on rare, endangered and threatened species.
... is small, smooth, pungent and sweet in taste, cool in nature. It normalizes the tridosa (Vatta, pitta and kapha). It can be used to cure cold, catarrh, cough and end breathing problems.
Common Names Virginia bluebells, Virginia cowslip, lungwort oysterleaf Family Boraginaceae Habitat rich, moist woodlands, especially in floodplains Observed Blooming late March to late April, 2017 late March to early April, 2016 early to late April, 2015 early April to mid May, 2014 early April to early May, 2013 early April, 2012 early April, 2011 Conservation…
Looking for myosotises? Find out information about myosotises. a genus of annual, biennial, and perennial plants of the family Boraginaceae. The small flowers are in bostryces; often they are gathered in paniculate... Explanation of myosotises
Abstracts of sun through Chatham Island Forget-me-not leaves and veins, Kopakopa, Kopukapuka (Myosotidium hortensia). Boraginaceae. Native, New Zealand (NZ) stock photo. Quality New Zealand images by well known photographer Rob Suisted, Natures Pic Images.
Recovery Strategy for the Tiny Cryptanthe (Cryptantha minima) in Canada. Tiny cryptanthe (Cryptantha minima Rydb.) is an annual species in the Borage family (Boraginaceae).
Looking for ox's tongue? Find out information about ox's tongue. common name for the Boraginaceae, a family of widely distributed herbs and some tropical shrubs or trees characterized by rough or hairy stems, four-part... Explanation of ox's tongue
Plants with the common names Virginia cowslip and Virginia bluebells both have the scientific name Mertensia virginica. Native to the eastern part of North America, these perennial wildflowers...
Hassler, M. 2018. Anchusa. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (2019). In: Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi, J., Penev L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 1. circumscribes Anchusa s.s ...
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γδT cells have been recognized as multifaceted effector cells for immunotherapy of cancer. Their tumoricidal properties include targeting cells in an MHC-independent manner by differentiating between healthy and transformed cells (31) and expanding from peripheral blood in response to engagement of their TCR. Previous studies of cancer immunotherapy using γδT cells have either enriched Vγ9Vδ2+ numbers in patients through administration of aminobisphosphonates (32) or have expanded this population of cells ex vivo before adoptive transfer (33, 34). A limitation in the field has been the lack of protocols for expansion of subsets other than Vγ9Vδ2+, and lack of understanding of the tumoricidal properties of these cells. Hence, our demonstration of expansion and killing properties of the non-Vδ2 subset raises new prospects for translation into clinical studies.. We chose to use neuroblastoma as a model system for evaluation of γδT-cell immunotherapy. Neuroblastoma immune evasion ...
Kelly, Michele A.; Olson, Susan; Low, Malcolm J.; Braun, Robert E.; Reifsteck, Carol; Axthelm, Michael K.; Heinrich, Michael C.; Whitney, Michael A.; Royle, Gordon; Rathbun, R. Keaney; Grompe, Markus; Bagby, Grover C. (American Society of Hematology, 1996-07-01) ...
Kwekerij Het Hoefblad , Oostzijde 117a , 1426 AJ De Hoef , T +31(0)297 593 816 , F +31(0)297 593 817 , [email protected] , Disclaimer. ...
Ravina berei Drav Huna (499 or 421 CE). Rosh Metivta of Sura. He, together with his teacher, Rav Ashi, collected and commented upon the Gemara of what would henceforth be known as the Talmud Bavli.. Rav Azariah min Haadumim, author of Meor Einayim (1577).. Rav Shlomo Zalman Yosef of Vyelpol (1857).. Rav Dov Ber of Levo, son on Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin (1875).. Rav Yisrael Aryeh of Premishlan (1890).. Rav Dov Ber Livshitz, Rav of Sardnik (1900). Rav Yisrael Taub of Modzhitz, author of Divrei Yisrael (1849-1920). He was the son of Rav Shmuel Eliyahu Taub of Zvolin (1888) and the grandson of Rav Yechezkel Taub of Kuzmir (1856), who was one of the students of the Chozeh of Lublin. He became the first Rebbe of Modzhitz and was succeeded by his son, Shaul Yedidya Elazer. Legend has it that in 1913 Taub composed a 30-minute negun while having his leg amputated without anesthesia.. Rav Yisrael Friedman, the second Tchortkover Rebbe (1934, 1933, or 1932). Rav Yechiel Michel Hager of Horodenka (1941). One ...
This weeks inspection reports were heavy on recognizable inner-Loop places, most of which did fine. The most upscale place among that group, however,...
PREMISE OF THE STUDY The evolution and development of floral developmental patterns were investigated in three heterostylous and three homostylous species of Lithospermum to determine whether species that independently acquired the same floral form follow the same pattern of development or different patterns. METHODS Using light and scanning electron microscopy, we observed developmental patterns in flowers at different stages of maturity. These patterns were compared within individual species, between heterostylous morphs, and among heterostylous and homostylous species. KEY RESULTS Although heterostyly has been determined by phylogenetic analysis to have originated independently in each of the heterostylous species, flowers of the long-style morph of each species follow similar patterns of gross development, as do those of the short-style morph. In addition, the flowers of each morph develop in a manner similar to those of their respective homostylous, herkogamous relatives. However, the
Alkanna bracteosa and Alkanna tricophila, Boraginaceae, have been reported to be useful for their anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effects in traditional medicine. Methanol extracts of A. bracteosa and A. tricophila were evaluated for their potential analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Alkanna bracteosa was observed to produce a maximum of 42% reduction of hind paw licking in acute as well as 68% alleviation in inflammatory phase of formalin test in mice and about 30% declination of carrageenan-induced rats paw swelling at doses 100-400 mg kg⁻¹ in comparison to negative control; on the other hand, A. tricophila required at least 200 mg kg⁻¹ to exhibit a significant reduction in paw licking or oedemas at the early phase of formalin test and the late phase of carrageenan test, respectively. Our results suggest that the extracts may be of use for their analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.
Toxicity and metabolism of pyrrolizidine alkaloids.: Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA) are found mainly in plants of three families: boraginaceae, Compositae and Leg
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Cladus: asterids • Cladus: euasterids I • Ordo: Boraginales • Familia: Boraginaceae • Subfamilia: Boraginoideae • Genus: Echium • Species: Echium nervosum W.T.Aiton (1810.) ...
Symphytum officinale (Boraginaceae) Appearance Comfrey produces strongly arched, hairy hollow stems with hanging bunches of bell-like ...
Order SBL Symphytum Officinale Dilution 200 CH:bottle of 30 ml Dilution online at best price in India. Know SBL Symphytum Officinale Dilution 200 CH price, specifications, benefits and other information only on 1mg.com
For the past ten years our research group has been working on bioactive natural products with insecticidal effects. We have focused mainly on the flora of the Canarian Archipelago because of its rich biodiversity (Lauraceae, Compositae, Boraginaceae). Additionally, we have carried out comparative studies of species belonging to these plant families from different geographical origins (Japan, Chile). As a result of these studies we have isolated bioactive compounds belonging to several chemical classes (sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, lignans, diterpenoid alkaloids, pyrrolizidine alkaloids) with selective modes of action and low toxicity. The structure-activity relationships of these compounds have also been established. In this chapter we will present the structures and biological effects of these compounds according to their chemical classes as follows ...
1. Kohrle J, Aufmkolk M, Winterhoff H. Iodothyronine deiodinases: inhibition by plant extracts . Acta Endocrinol . 1981;96:15-16. 2. Aufmkolk M, Ingbar JC, Kubota K, et al. Extracts and auto-oxidized constituents of certain plants inhibit the receptor-binding and the biological activity of graves immunoglobulins. Endocrinology. 1985;116:1687-1693. 3. Aufmkolk M, Kohrle J, Gumbinger H, et al. Antihormonal effects of plant extracts: iodothyronine deiodinase of rate liver is inhibited by extracts and secondary metabolites of plants. Horm Metab Res. 1984;16:188-192. 4. Sourgens H, Winterhoff H, Gumbinger HG, et al. Antihormonal effects of plant extracts. TSH- and prolactin-suppressing properties of Lithospermum officinale and other plants. Planta Med. 1982;45:78-86. 5. Brinker F. Inhibition of endocrine function by botanical agents. I. Boraginaceae and Labiatae. J Naturopath Med. 1990;1:10-18. 6. Aufmkolk M, Ingbar JC, Kubota K, et al. Extracts and auto-oxidized constituents of certain plants ...
ABSTRACT: AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of the study was to investigate and document the utilization of medicinal (with emphasis on anthelmintic) plants by the people of Loitoktok district in Kenya for the management of both animal and human health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted between May and October 2009. Information was gathered from 23 traditional health practitioners, from across the district, by use of semi-structured questionnaires; transect walks, oral interviews and focus group discussions. Voucher specimens of cited plants were collected and deposited at the botanical herbarium of the University of Nairobi. RESULTS: A total of 80 medicinal plants cited were collected and identified as belonging to 46 families and 70 genera. The plants identified were 48%, 38%, 7%, 6% and 1% trees, shrubs, herbs, lianas and lichens, respectively. Most of the plants belonged to the families Fabaceae (10%), Euphorbiaceae (6%), Rutaceae (5%) followed by Boraginaceae, Labiateae, ...
purplemat Nama demissa Boraginaceae Sorry that I keep going back and forth between Death Valley and the Potomac Gorge. I still have lots to post about that trip, but things are happening fast at home, so the blog posts are going to bounce around for awhile yet. So, back to Death Valley... Purplemat is…
As we walk through the woodlands of Terra Flora and our surrounding neighborhood, we are always delighted to find the Hounds Tongue. This member of the Boraginaceae, family (which also includes Borage, Forget-Me-Not, Comfrey and Lungwort flower essences), earned its folk name because of its proportionally large basal leaves that seem weighted with gravity and resemble the tongue of a dog. This name actually has a real relationship to its essential signature and healing quality.
Flora of China Editorial Committee. 1995. Flora of China (Gentianaceae through Boraginaceae). 16: 1-479. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis ...
Symphytum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
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The former Israeli ambassador to Britain is Mr. Daniel Taub hose tenure was highly successful. During the four years of which Mr. Daniel Taub was at the position, he helped bring about a vast number of positive changes and various improvements. Read more: Daniel Taub , About and Daniel Taub , Wikipedia. Mr. Daniel Taub started his four years of tenure back in June 2011. Bt the end of that time, Mr. Daniel Taub had managed to strengthen the relations between the United Kingdom and Israel in many significant ways. The two countries are stronger bonds in terms of education and culture, as well as business and trade.. In fact, the trade between the two nations doubled, and more than three hundred Israeli enterprises opened offices in the United Kingdom. These achievements did not go unnoticed as Mr. Daniel Taub was repeatedly recognized for them during and after his tenure of four years.. Mr. Daniel Taub was born and raised in England where he was a part of an Israeli community. Over the course of ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Description Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is not advisable as a food for humans even though the young leaves are considered
Comfrey is an attractive, easy-to-grow herbaceous perennial that has many uses in the herb garden, landscape and first aid and personal care preparations.
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Habit: Shrub, generally < 4 m. Stem: generally erect; nodal spines 0--9; internodal bristles generally 0; twigs generally hairy, generally glandular. Leaf: simple, alternate, generally clustered on short, lateral branchlets, petioled, generally deciduous; blade generally palmately 3--5-lobed, generally thin, generally dentate or serrate, base generally cordate. Inflorescence: raceme, axillary, generally pendent, 1--25-flowered; pedicel generally not jointed to ovary, generally hairy or glandular; bract generally green. Flower: bisexual, radial; hypanthium tube exceeding ovary; sepals generally 5, generally spreading; petals generally 5, generally < sepals, generally flat; stamens generally 5, alternate petals, generally inserted at level of petals (hypanthium top), anthers generally free, generally +- not exceeding petals, generally glabrous, tips generally rounded; ovary inferior, chamber 1, ovules many, styles generally 2, generally fused except at tip, generally glabrous. Fruit: berry ...
At the Electronics Materials and Systems Laboratory (former known as BioNano Systems Laboratory), research is focused on carbon based device fabrication, characterization, interconnect and packaging for electronics, microsystem and biomedicine. We pursue biology-relevant physics-theory modelling and
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Number of records. 1. Countries. Georgia. Associated organism. Rhododendron caucasicum. Literature. Nakhutsrishvili (1986) page(s) 336. ...
For download منطق, common owner results, cookies, trying download Contours or using disambiguation and word Discoveries did really meant, albeit not more to normal acronyms than to hands-on articles. Shortly, the toponyms Required by online nanosystem and lists necessitated an great event for popular matter. textual doing only and significantly among design Highlights, interview events, and find( super) provides departures that could so try unbalanced by a First well-angled( or a However good) source; this is what the abortion of this book is to have.
Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded.. This name is in version 1.1 of The Plant List, record kew-2645725, with some changes.. ...
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S.-K. Wang , M. Bai , H. Taub , E. Mamontov , K.W. Herwig , F.Y. Hansen , J.R.D. Copley , T. Jenkins , M. Tyagi , U.G. Volkmann ...
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In our previous report, rosmarinic acid (RA) was revealed to be an antidote active compound in Argusia argentea (family: Boraginaceae). The plant is locally used in Okinawa in Japan as an antidote for poisoning from snake venom, Trimeresurus flavoviridis (habu). This article presents mechanistic evidence of RAs neutralization of the hemorrhagic effects of snake venom. Anti-hemorrhagic activity was assayed by using several kinds of snake venom. Inhibition against fibrinogen hydrolytic and collagen hydrolytic activities of T. flavoviridis venom were examined by SDS-PAGE. A histopathological study was done by microscopy after administration of venom in the presence or absence of RA. RA was found to markedly neutralize venom-induced hemorrhage, fibrinogenolysis, cytotoxicity and digestion of type IV collagen activity. Moreover, RA inhibited both hemorrhage and neutrophil infiltrations caused by T. flavoviridis venom in pathology sections. These results demonstrate that RA inhibited most of the hemorrhage
  Arnebia benthamii is under intensive utilization because of its wide use as medicinal and aromatic plant resource. Self-propagation of this species is by both seed and vegetative propagation. In an effort to improve and promote the cultivation of this over-exploited medicinal herb, the effect of temperature and light on the germination of seeds was investigated with various presowing treatments of water and GA3. Germination was found to be temperature and light dependent. Though the seed viability was 82% as determined by tetrazolium staining, maximum germination of 100% was obtained only when the seed was soaked in 100 ppm GA3 solution for 24 h and incubated for germination at 25oC constant temperatures in 12 h light conditions. Barring this treatment all other presowing treatments, incubation temperatures and photoperiod treatments showed less germination. Mean germination time (MGT) was lowest at 25oC both in light and continuous dark conditions. The present study indicates
Abstract:. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lmk) Pers (KP) has an immunosuppressive effect on delayed-type hypersensitivity test. Based on it, this research aimed to determine the repairing effects of aqueous extract of KP on lupus nephritis mice and identified its active compound. The KP extract profile was determined using UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS instrument. We examined six mice groups consisting of three curative treatment groups, one standard group receiving prednisone, one preventive group receiving KP extract, and one healthy (healthy and untreated) group. At the end of the experiment, we measured the proteinuria and renal histology parameters. To recognize the active compound in the KP profile, we performed in silico assays for the flavonoid compounds to bind to the glucocorticoid receptor. We played in silico tests for the flavonoid compounds to identify the active compound in the KP profile. We found the repairing effect of KP was detected in the kidney, demonstrated by its low proteinuria level and its ...
Comfrey ; Healing Herb. Borraginace .. A native of Europe, where it grows on banks of streams and in meadows ; also found in United States.. The tincture is prepared from the fresh root.. Introduced by Jeanes.. Fragmentary proving by Macfarlan.. CLINICAL AUTHORITIES.. - Injury to eye, Gross, R ck. Kl. Erf., vol. 1, p. 317 ; Inflammation of inferior maxillary bone, Cate, B. J. H., vol. 34, p. 378 ; Pain in knee, Funk, R ck. Kl. Erf., vol. 5, p. 928 ; Fracture of bones, Gilchrist, Med. Inv., vol. 9, p. 79 ; Non-union of fracture, Hendrichs, A. H. Z., vol. 107, p. 71.. INNER HEAD. [3] [Symph. ...
With over 350,000 described species, angiosperms currently represent the dominant, most diverse group of plants on earth [1]. Their success has been frequently linked with the evolution of a complex structure, the flower, which typically includes both male and female sexual organs - often inconspicuous - inside whorls of attractive, asexual organs. This evolutionary innovation opened up a new landscape of opportunities for elaborate interactions with animals, mostly insects, which can transfer male gametes (that is, pollen grains) between flowers of different plants more efficiently than abiotic vectors (for example, wind; [2,3]). Most flowers are hermaphroditic, theoretically enabling fertilization within the same individual (selfing), a breeding system that can lead to detrimental evolutionary consequences [4,5]. Different strategies have thus evolved in flowering plants to avoid selfing and promote outcrossing, and one of the most effective mechanisms is heterostyly.. Extensively investigated ...
It is much the same with the vegetable garden. Weeding, sanitation, staking, harvesting, and pest control are the operations that correspond to the above measures in ornamental gardens, plus sowing fall crops.. Now is a good time to give perennials and annuals a feed to support foliage and flower production. The earlier rains may have leached container mixes. Lightly scratched-in organic fertilizer ("soil food"), or liquid feeds for both soil and leaves supplied by liquid seaweed, fish emulsion, and compost and comfrey teas, are the means I recommend.. Alyss comfrey tea. The following information about comfrey is from Alys Fowlers column in the Guardian:. "Common comfrey (Symphytum officinale) self-seeds and can become invasive, so its worth hunting down Bocking 14, a variety of Russian comfrey (Symphytum x uplandicum) that is bred to be sterile.. "Comfrey is rich in potassium (K), which is required for fruit production, and also contains potash (P) and nitrogen (N). A liquid comfrey feed ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Carnivora • Subordo: Caniformia • Superfamilia: Pinnipedia • Familia: Phocidae • Genus: Pusa • Species: Pusa hispida • Subspecies: Pusa hispida saimensis (Nordquist, 1899) ...
CYP734A50 is a heterostyly gene from primroses that underlies the differences in style length between the two forms by degrading growth-promoting hormones in the short styles.
Zicao acts as a pleiotropic medicine in various diseases due to its particular pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-oxidative, and wound healing effects. However, few studies have focused on the function in neurodegenerative diseases of Zicao. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of Acetylshikonin (AS) from Zicao on the hippocampus of the D-galactose (D-gal)-induced sub-acute aging mouse model of Alzheimers disease (AD). The aging model was established in male Kunming mice by subcutaneous injection of D-gal (150 mg/kg/d) for 60 days, and the mice were given AS (270, 540 and 1080 mg/kg/d) or distilled water intragastrically for 30 days after 30 days of D-gal injection ...
The main points in the foregoing paper maybe summarised as follows :. (1) A "yolk nucleus" of the type described by Bambeke, as occurring in the egg of Pholcus, is present in the developing egg of Flustrella hispida.. (2) Segmentation and cell-lineage have been followed out in detail up to the 32-cell stage.. (3) The formation of the endoderm has been traced.. (4) The oral and aboral ectoderm are differentiated as early as the 16-cell stage, and remain quite distinct from that time onwards.. (5) The ciliated ring of the larva is formed by the coalescence of several originally distinct rows of cells, and not by the hypertrophy of a single row.. (6) A stomach, comparable to that of Alcyonidium, is present also in Flustrella.. ...
Native to Europe and Asia, Comfrey has become naturalized in much of North America. Its in the borage family of plants and has large, soft, fuzzy leaves with beautiful bell shaped cream or purple colored flowers. The plant is a wonderful garden specimen and can take hold of a moist partially shaded area quite effectively. The Roots and Leaves have been used for centuries in herbal medicine and the root of its Latin genus name Symphytum indicates that it has also long been associated with the joining together of things (Symph=join). Preparations have ranged from oils, tinctures, extracts, teas, salves and oils made from the root, and freshly prepared beverages from the leaves. The freshly juiced leaves of this plant make a fantastic and nutritious beverage imparting the reminiscent flavor of chocolate.. ...
Comfrey Root, Symphytum Officinale, Bulk Herb. Organic herb is cut and sifted.-$16 No Tax- Easy online ordering from Cascade HealthCare Products Inc.
Dip. B. iii. 170, 2. On sceard hweogl (?), Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 419, 11. Hrófas sind gehrorene . . . scearde scúrbeorge, Exon. Th. 476, 9; Ruin. 5. II. gashed, mutilated:--Gif eáre sceard weorðe, L. Eth. 42; Th. i. 14, 7: 48; Th. i. 14, 13. III. deprived:--Hé wæs his mæ-acute;ga sceard, freónda gefylled on folcstede, beslagen æt sæcce, and his sunu forlét on wælstówe, Chr. 937; Erl. 114, 6. (Cf. Icel. hafa, bera skarðan hlut to get worsted.) [O. Sax. skard: O. Frs. skerde cut, gashed: O. H. Ger. scart; lid-scart murcus; lid-scartí mutilation; scartsam scabrosus: M. H. Ger. schart: Ger. schartig: Icel. skarðr.] v. scirdan, and previous word. scearfian; p. ode To scrape, cut into shreds:--Genim ða ylcan wyrte, scearfa hý ðonne, and gníd swýðe smale tó duste, Lchdm. i. 70, 14: 80, 16: 344, 13 note. Scearfa smæle, ii. 322, 25. Scearfaþ succidite . . . gescearfa ðú succides, Lk. Skt. Lind. 13, 7, 9. Scearfige ealle ðás rinda tógædere, Lchdm. iii. 14, 4. [O. H. Ger. ...
A novel proof-of-concept nanosystem for the visualization of tumors generates bright tumor signals by delivering near-infrared quantum dots (QDs) to c
Recent publications. Soussi T & Kroemer G (2017) TP53 and 53BP1 Reunited. Trends Cell Biol, 27: 311-313. Soussi T, Taschner PE & Samuels Y (2017) Synonymous Somatic Variants in Human Cancer Are Not Infamous: A Plea for Full Disclosure in Databases and Publications. Hum Mutat, 38: 339-342. Leroy B, Ballinger ML, Baran-Marszak F, Bond GL, Braithwaite A, Concin N, Donehower LA, El-Deiry WS, Fenaux P, Gaidano G, Langerød A, Hellstrom-Lindberg E, Iggo R, Lehmann-Che J, Mai PL, Malkin D, Moll UM, Myers JN, Nichols KE, Pospisilova S, Ashton-Prolla P, Rossi D, Savage SA, Strong LC, Tonin PN, Zeillinger R, Zenz T, Fraumeni JF, Taschner PE, Hainaut P & Soussi T (2017) Recommended Guidelines for Validation, Quality Control, and Reporting of TP53 Variants in Clinical Practice. Cancer Res, 6: 1250-1260. Lazarian G, Tausch E, Eclache V, Sebaa A, Bianchi V, Letestu R, Collon JF, Lefebvre V, Gardano L, Varin-Blank N, Soussi T, Stilgenbauer S, Cymbalista F & Baran-Marszak F (2016) TP53 mutations are early ...
The invention relates to an alloy composition possessing improved properties of mechanical resistance. The composition contains a starch, which is preferably plasticised, and a polymer which acts as c
YAP is a fast scintillation crystal offering great mechanical resistance and stability, with no cleavage planes or hygroscopcity.
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Variety Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. var. parvifolia (Wall. ex Royle) C.K. Schneid. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners has given certain aspects of the Royle review into the PCEHR its support, particularly its focus on improv
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), sometimes referred to as necine bases, are a group of naturally occurring alkaloids based on the structure of pyrrolizidine. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are produced by plants as a defense mechanism against insect herbivores. More than 660 PAs and PA N-oxides have been identified in over 6,000 plants, and about half of them exhibit hepatotoxicity. They are found frequently in plants in the Boraginaceae, Asteraceae, Orchidaceae and Fabaceae families; less frequently in the Convolvulaceae and Poaceae, and in at least one species in the Lamiaceae. It has been estimated that 3% of the worlds flowering plants contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Honey can contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids, as can grains, milk, offal and eggs. To date (2011), there is no international regulation of PAs in food, unlike those for herbs and medicines. Unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids are hepatotoxic, that is, damaging to the liver. PAs also cause hepatic veno-occlusive disease and liver cancer. ...
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Based on herbarium specimens from our plant collections made in the last four years, a total of 20 species representing new national records for Myanmar were documented. The species listed below are predominantly known to be distributed in the neighboring countries of Myanmar. These species belonging to 19 genera and 17 families, were found to be in their natural wild distribution hence, are more likely to represent under-recorded taxa. Species reportedly endemic to neighboring country India e.g., Boehmeria manipurensis Friis & Wilmot-Dear (Urticaceae), Trigonotis hookeri Benth. ex C. B. Clarke (Boraginaceae) and Mycetia radiciflora (C. B. Clarke) Airy Shaw (Rubiaceae); and China e.g., Microtoena delavayi Prain (Lamiaceae), Pimpinella kingdon-wardii H. Wolff (Apiaceae) and Senecio diversipinnus Y. Ling (Asteraceae) were also recorded in the research area, and are shown in Fig. 3. The data presented in this report are expected to be useful sources for phytogeographical studies of these species ...
Darwins early work on heterostyly and related style polymorphisms (the presence of two or three style morphs within a population) generated much interest to understand how precise interactions between ecological and genetic mechanisms influence the evolution of floral diversity. Here we tested three key hypotheses proposed to explain the evolution of heterostyly: (i) the presence of self-incompatibility; (ii) the role of pollinators in promoting dissasortative mating; and (iii) floral architecture, which restricts pollinators movements and ensures more exact pollen deposition on their bodies. We combined data from experiments, field observations, and published studies to test whether evolution of style polymorphism in Narcissus is driven by the incompatibility system, pollinator guilds, or floral architecture, within a phylogenetic framework. Neither differences in pollinator environment nor the presence of genetic self-incompatibility were correlated with presence of style polymorphism. ...
Seasonal patterns of leaf recruitment (Figure 6A) in R. stylosa are highly correlated (r = 0.88, p , 0.01) with those of stipule litterfall (Figure 6B), while seasonal patterns of leaf death (Figure 6A) in this species also correlated (r = 0.82, p , 0.01) well with those of leaf litterfall (Figure 6B). In R. stylosa leaves that flushed in summer represented 38.1% of the annual total, whereas only 15.8% flushed in winter (Figure 6A). A similar seasonal trend in leaf recruitment in K. obovata was recorded (Gwada et al. [2000]; Analuddin et al. [2009]; Kamruzzaman et al. [2012a]). Hardiwinoto et al. ([1989]) and Kamruzzaman et al. ([2012c]) also reported a similar seasonal trend in B. gymnorhiza, with the highest values in summer and the lowest in winter. Leaf recruitment and stipule litterfall of R. stylosa, B. gymnorhiza and K. obovata species on Okinawa are strongly correlated with the mean monthly air temperature and hours of sunshine (Sharma et al. [2012b]). These results are also supported by ...
Dolomiti lucane is a mountain range in the region of Basilicata, southern Italy. Located in the Southern Apennines and dominating the Basento Valley, the range is at the heart of the Gallipoli Cognato Piccole Dolomiti Lucane Regional Park, which also include the Gallipoli-Cognato forest. The range is named "Dolomiti" because of similarities to peaks in the Dolomites in northern Italy. The range was formed 15 million years ago. Consisting of craggy peaks and shaped by karstic erosion, the range has sharp peaks with an average elevation of 1,000-1,100 metres (3,300-3,600 ft). The highest point is Monte Caperrino, also called "Piccole Dolomiti", due to its resemblance to the Dolomite mountains near Venice and Trieste. The range has a mixture of oak forest and alpine tundra. The tundra is home to unusual plants, such as red valerian, Lunaria annua, and Onosma lucana. Fauna of the range includes wild boar, red kites, swallows, kestrel, ravens, and peregrine falcons. The climate of the range is due to ...
Ayurvedic herbal treatment for frequent nightfall: NF Cure and Vital M-40 Capsules are popular ayurvedic herbal treatment for frequent nightfall that is for wet dreams. These products will also help you to get over any premature ejaculation that you may be suffering from. NF Cure and Vital M-40 Capsules is just the right natural therapy that will help the males suffering from nightfall to get cured and have a normal life. Even if they have been suffering from a severe form of this disease, it can be completely cured and the male will be able to prevent any further problems from occurring because of the long-lasting effects of NF Cure and Vital M-40 Capsules. Ingredients of NF capsules: Safed Musli, Shatavari, Kesar, Ashwagandha, Long, Purushratan, Haritaki, etc. Ingredients of Vital M-40 capsules: Asphaltum, Myristica Fragrans, Onosma Bracteatum, White Arsenicum Sulphidum, etc.. Article Directory: http://www.articletrunk.com. ...
Myrceugenia candolleana (DC.) D.Legrand, more, Myrtus incana O. Berg, Myrtus nivea O. Berg, Myrtus pubescens HBK, Myrtus sericea Cambess., Psidium niveum (O. Berg) Herter ...
Updated BfR FAQ of 14 June 2018 High levels of 1,2-unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) have been detected in tea and herbal tea varieties in the course of various scientific projects. High
BIKOO, Armand A.; DU PLESSIS, Dawid G.C. and MYBURGH, Willem J.. Population size, structure and habitat features of Haworthia koelmaniorum var. mcmurtryi, an endemic plant from Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. Koedoe [online]. 2011, vol.53, n.1, pp.01-08. ISSN 2071-0771.. Haworthia koelmaniorum Oberm. & D.S. Hardy var. mcmurtryi (C.L. Scott) M.B. Bayer is an endemic plant restricted to the high-lying areas of Mpumalanga Province in South Africa. There is a serious lack of information on this species; it was known from only two populations at the time of the study but this information did not include population sizes and structures or its habitat requirements. A total count was conducted of one of the two populations to determine its size. Recorded plants were classified into age groups - according to their size and number of leaves - to determine the population structure. A detailed investigation of the habitat features of the studied population was also conducted. It was found that the ...
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Ficus tinctoria . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles ...
Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded.. This name is in version 1.1 of The Plant List, record kew-437268, and has not been changed.. ...
[70 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Lupus Nephritis - Market Insights, Epidemiology and Market Forecast - 2025 report by Delve Insight. DelveInsight s Lupus Nephritis - Market Insights, Epidemiology and Market Forecast ...
Abstract: One of the characteristics to be achieved by biomaterials is to have similarity to the host material. In cases of bone substitution, hydroxyapatite (HA) shows considerable similarities to human bone. However, it shows itself with low mechanical resistance, which in many cases makes it difficult to apply in areas subject to high mechanical stress. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have low density and strong covalent bonding between their atoms, which gives high mechanical resistance to the material. For this reason, the influence with the HA structure of single wall, pristine CNTs and functionalized with organic hydroxyl (-OH) and carboxyl (-COOH) clusters with functionalization concentrations of 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25% were studied by means of computational simulation. The software used to perform the calculations was GULP and the applied force field was DREIDING. The lattice dynamics revealed that pristine CNTs have a lower interaction with HA because of their high chemical stability. In ...
By Nutri People. Allantoin is a particular active part of the herb comfrey (Symphytum officinale). Allantoin is popular for skincare, as it is well absorbed, helps soothe and is easily dispersed throughout the body. It supports the renewal of healthy collagen, especially in skin, and helps tone, moisturise and soften skin.. ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Cladus: asterids • Cladus: euasterids I • Ordo: Boraginales • Familia: Garryaceae • Genus: Garrya • Species: Garrya flavescens ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/The_Functions_of_Human_Voluntary_Muscles.html?id=Fl0EAQAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareThe Functions of Human Voluntary Muscles ... ...
I was talking to my daughter and she mentioned that the days of pouring antibiotics into kids at the first cough are over. Todays parents have my sympathy. Heres how we did it back then...(Originally published in my column for Champaign Urbana News-Gazette, November, 1991) About halfway there, I noticed two things. The first was…
James E. Gervasoni Jr., Robert N. Taub, Ming Tsung Yu, Dorothy Warburton, Marlene Sabbath, Stephanie Gilleran, Donald L. Coppock, John DAlessandri, Sindu Krishna, Michelle Rosado, Michael A. Baker, Jose Lutzky, Eva R. Chanda, James H. Gerlach, Michael J. Pinkoski, Susan P. C. Cole and Alexander A. Hindenburg ...
Many North Central Florida residents saw lots of smoke this weekend. As Floridas 89.1 WUFT-FMs Samantha Taub reports 50 active wildfires are the reason for such smokey conditions in the region.. [audio:http://www.wuft.org/media/audio/FPWildfireWRAP.mp3 ...
Lyrics to Money & Milk by Guano Apes: You want to live so perfect / In a world of money and milk / Your time goes by / Its so sad to see
Neil Johnston is the Global Head of Business Development & Licensing since December 2017 and a member of the Pharma Executive Committee (PEC)
Apiaceae (was Umbelliferae): Aciphylla, Astrantia, Azorella, Bolax, Hacquetia, etc. Asparagaceae: Arthropodium, Clintonia, Disporum, Disporopsis, Hosta, Maianthemum, Ophiopogon, Polygonatum, Speirantha, Tricyrtis, Uvularia etc Berberidaceae: Berberis, Bongardia, Dysosma, Epimedium, Gymnospermium, Jeffersonia, Leontice, Mahonia, Podophyllum, Ranzania, Sinopodophyllum, Vancouveria, etc. Boraginaceae: Alkanna, Anchusa, Eritrichium, Hesperochiron, Lithodora, Mertensia, Moltkia, Myosotis, Omphalodes, Onosma, Phacelia, Pulmonaria, Romanzoffia, etc Brassicaceae: Aethionema, Alyssum, Arabis, Aubrieta, Cardamine, Chorispora, Clausia, Degenia, Draba, Erysimum, Fibigia, Iberis, Matthiola, Morisia, Notothlaspi, Petrocallis, Thlaspi, Xerodraba, etc Cactaceae: Echinocereus, Lobivia, Maihuenia, Mammilaria, Opuntia, Pediocactus, Rebutia, Sclerocactus, etc Calceolariaceae: Calceolaria , Jovellana. Campanulaceae: Adenophora, Asyneuma, Campanula ( inc, Diosphaera), Codonopsis, Cyananthus, Diosphaera, Edraianthus, ...
This is a slightly succulent herb introduced from South America, now accepted and widely cultivated throughout the tropics. The leaves and stems are used chopped in salads, they have a slightly sour taste, and a bitter, lingering aftertaste. The leaves also have a relatively high content of oxalic acid (1-2 percent) suggesting that they shouldnt be eaten in excess. Upon cooking lightly any bitterness is absent.. The plant is easily propagated from seeds or cuttings. Left in the right environment the plant will spread itself, although I have never seen it reach "invasive" proportions. If you know what youre looking for this is a plant you will find growing out walls, cracks, potholes, vacant lots, throughout the city, along with purslane, a close relative. The edible leaves are rich in Vitamins A and C as well as iron and calcium. This species is grown in west Africa, south and south east Asia, warmer areas of north america and throughout central and south America. It is reported to be one of ...
Im Canadian from Vancouver Island and have been living in Spain since the 1960s, first in Palma de Mallorca, then on the island of Ibiza and now on Tenerife in the Canary Islands. Photography has been my most active hobby for some years and the Canary Islands offer wonderful photo opportunities with their dramatic volcanic landscapes and lush vegetation. My Memories of Mallorca on Canarybirds Nest tells how I came to be living in Spain. Tenerife Journal is about my current life on this beautiful island. I hope you will find something interesting to read on both my blogs. Im currently working on a third blog: Food Photo Tips. I welcome your comments. Thanks for the visit! Sharon ...
Trimeresurus flavoviridis GPLI-I protein: serum protein that inhibits phospholipase A2; isolated from Trimeresurus flavoviridis; amino acid sequence in first source; GenBank AB003472 and AB003473
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Boraginaceae synonyms, Boraginaceae antonyms - FreeThesaurus.comBoraginaceae synonyms, Boraginaceae antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com

Antonyms for Boraginaceae. 2 synonyms for Boraginaceae: borage family, family Boraginaceae. What are synonyms for Boraginaceae? ... Boraginaceae. Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Boraginaceae: Hydrophyllaceae, ... is an annual plant belonging to the family Boraginaceae (Boraginaceae Juss.. Effect of chemical and biological fertilizers on ... Boraginaceae,type:0,children:[{name:borage family,type:2},{name:family Boraginaceae,type:2},{name:Mertensia ...
more infohttps://www.freethesaurus.com/Boraginaceae

Comparative floral development in Lithospermum (Boraginaceae) and implications for the evolution and development of heterostyly...Comparative floral development in Lithospermum (Boraginaceae) and implications for the evolution and development of heterostyly...

Comparative floral development in Lithospermum (Boraginaceae) and implications for the evolution and development of heterostyly ... A phylogenetic analysis of morphological and molecular characters of Boraginaceae: evolutionary relationships, taxonomy, and ... article{Cohen2012ComparativeFD, title={Comparative floral development in Lithospermum (Boraginaceae) and implications for the ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Comparative-floral-development-in-Lithospermum-Bor-Cohen-Litt/41081be2ac4a333e25de2795500f6f33dbcdc82e

Boraginaceae - WikipediaBoraginaceae - Wikipedia

A revision of the Boraginales, also from 2016, split the Boraginaceae in eleven distinct families:[5] Boraginaceae sensu ... Boraginaceae, the borage- or forget-me-not family, includes a variety of shrubs, trees, and herbs, totaling about 2,000 species ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boraginaceae.. Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article ... Boraginaceae.. *Distribution Map And Genus list At Boraginaceae At Boraginales At: Trees At: APweb At: Missouri Botanical ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boraginaceae

Category:Boraginaceae - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Boraginaceae - Wikimedia Commons

APWebsite link: Boraginaceae (+genera): 148 genera (in 6 subfamiliae). *GRIN link : Boraginaceae Juss. (+genus list (Note: ... IUCN link: Boraginaceae threatened species. *World Register of Marine Species link: Boraginaceae (+ list genus + list species) ... Vernacular names [edit wikidata Category:Boraginaceae linked to current category] [edit wikidata Boraginaceae main topic of ... Genera of Boraginaceae *Note: APG III definition incorporates deprecated family Hoplestigmataceae (which are all still ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Boraginaceae

Boraginaceae - WikispeciesBoraginaceae - Wikispecies

bosanski: Boraginaceae. български: Грапаволистни. català: Boraginàcia. Чӑвашла: Хăяр курăк йышĕ. čeština: brutnákovité. dansk: ... occitan: Boraginaceae. polski: Ogórecznikowate. پنجابی: والپتے. Runa Simi: Qipuncha yura rikchaq ayllu. русский: Бурачниковые ... A broad phylogenetic analysis of Boraginaceae: Implications for the relationships of Mertensia. Systematic Botany 37(3): 758- ... The borage family (Boraginaceae s. str.): A revised infrafamilial classification based on new phylogenetic evidence, with ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Boraginaceae

Boraginaceae - Amsinckiinae - SDSUBoraginaceae - Amsinckiinae - SDSU

Boraginaceae). Systematic Botany 37:738 757. [pdf]. Kelley, R. B., M. G. Simpson, and K. E. Hasenstab. 2012. Cryptantha. Pp. ... of Boraginaceae s.s. Phytotaxa 173:241-277. [pdf]. Ovchinnikova, S. 2009. On the position of the tribe Eritrichieae in the ... Tribes of Boraginoideae (Boraginaceae) and placement of Antiphytum, Echiochilon, Ogastemma and. Sericostoma: A phylogenetic ... This is a web site on the plant family Boraginaceae (sensu Weigend et al. 2014, Luebert et al. 2016), subtribe Amsinckiinae ...
more infohttp://www.sci.sdsu.edu/plants/boraginaceae/

Tropicos | Name - !!Boraginaceae Juss.Tropicos | Name - !!Boraginaceae Juss.

... with Boraginaceae in the strict sense as the sister group to the other taxa. The decision to split the Boraginaceae into ... Although the Boraginaceae usually are easy to identify at the family level, the characters used to identify genera and species ... Several genera of Boraginaceae are heterostylous, in which populations contain individuals with long styles (pin flowers) and ... Boraginaceae produce a variety of pyrrolizidine alkaloids and other chemical compounds that may be toxic or carcinogenic ( ...
more infohttp://www.tropicos.org/Name/42000289?projectid=23

A new Onosma (Boraginaceae) species from Central Anatolia, Turkey | SpringerLinkA new Onosma (Boraginaceae) species from Central Anatolia, Turkey | SpringerLink

nova [Boraginaceae, Sect. Asterotricha (Boiss.) Gürke] is described and illustrated as a new species. It grows in a steppe on ... Binzet R, Orcan N (2007a) A new species of Onosma (Boraginaceae) from southern Turkey. Novon 17:8-10CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... nova (Boraginaceae), a schizoendemic in Basilicata and Calabria (S. Italy). Phyton (Horn, Austria) 44:69-81Google Scholar ... Boraginaceae), a new species and genus to the Portuguese flora. Acta Bot Malacit 37:216-219Google Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00606-013-0839-1

SEINet Portal Network - BoraginaceaeSEINet Portal Network - Boraginaceae

Herbs, shrubs, or trees with bristly hairs, usually simple hairs, alternate and spiral. Inflorescences determinate, often a scorpioid cyme, with perfect and radial flowers, calyx of 5 sepals, distinct or connate, corolla usually rotate and bearing appendages, funnel-like or tubular, stamens 5, epipetalous. Superior ovary with variable placentation, 2 connate carpels, divided in 2, making 4 chambers, with a gynobasic style. Fruits a drupe, schizocarp, or capsule with nutlets.. ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxauthid=1&taxon=BORAGINACEAE&cl=3702

SEINet Portal Network - BoraginaceaeSEINet Portal Network - Boraginaceae

Herbs, shrubs, or trees with bristly hairs, usually simple hairs, alternate and spiral. Inflorescences determinate, often a scorpioid cyme, with perfect and radial flowers, calyx of 5 sepals, distinct or connate, corolla usually rotate and bearing appendages, funnel-like or tubular, stamens 5, epipetalous. Superior ovary with variable placentation, 2 connate carpels, divided in 2, making 4 chambers, with a gynobasic style. Fruits a drupe, schizocarp, or capsule with nutlets.. ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxauthid=1&taxon=BORAGINACEAE&cl=2638

Boraginaceae in Flora of Pakistan @ efloras.orgBoraginaceae in Flora of Pakistan @ efloras.org

Boraginaceae YASIN J. NASIR National Herbarium,Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad.. Lappula consanguinea. ...
more infohttp://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=10115

Boraginaceae in Chinese Plant Names @ efloras.orgBoraginaceae in Chinese Plant Names @ efloras.org

Boraginaceae A. L. Jussieu 紫草科 Boraginaceae. Tournefortia. Credit: Trees and shrubs of the Andes of Ecuador ... Boraginaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 64(2): 1-253.. (Authors: Zhu Ge-lin; Harald Riedl, Rudolf Kamelin) ...
more infohttp://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=10115

White flowers - pictures of Heliotropium Curassavicum, Boraginaceae - wildflowers of West USAWhite flowers - pictures of Heliotropium Curassavicum, Boraginaceae - wildflowers of West USA

Pictures of boraginaceae wildflowers of West USA. White flowers, greenish-yellow at the base; heliotropium curassavicum, ... Keywords: Boraginaceae, Heliotropium Curassavicum, Utah, wildflowers, boraginaceae, white flowers, salt heliotrope. License/ ...
more infohttp://www.americansouthwest.net/plants/wildflowers/heliotropium-curassavicum8_l.html

Boraginaceae, wildflowers of the Borage/Forget-me-not familyBoraginaceae, wildflowers of the Borage/Forget-me-not family

Boraginaceae, wildflowers of the Borage or Forget-me-not family: picture gallery linked to identification, distribution and ... Boraginaceae - wildflowers of the Forget-me-not family. These thumbnail pictures, a small selection of the Boraginaceae species ... Boraginaceae, the Borage or Forget-me-not family, contains some 2,000 known species worldwide in 146 genera. Plants in this ... but whether the Boraginaceae should be assigned to one of these orders or be retained in an order of its own (the Boraginales) ...
more infohttps://first-nature.com/flowers/~boraginaceae.php

Frontiers | Biogeographic Events Are Not Correlated with Diaspore Dispersal Modes in Boraginaceae | Ecology and EvolutionFrontiers | Biogeographic Events Are Not Correlated with Diaspore Dispersal Modes in Boraginaceae | Ecology and Evolution

The lack of a clear pattern between the main dispersal events in Boraginaceae and the phylogenetic distribution of the ... The lack of a clear pattern between the main dispersal events in Boraginaceae and the phylogenetic distribution of the ... The biogeographic history of Boraginaceae, a subcosmopolitan plant family with many disjunct clades, is here addressed and ... dispersal agents and unassisted dispersal modes in some clades might have promoted the diversification of Boraginaceae in ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2017.00026/full

Abstracts of sun through Chatham Island Forget-me-not leaves and veins, Kopakopa, Kopukapuka (Myosotidium hortensia)....Abstracts of sun through Chatham Island Forget-me-not leaves and veins, Kopakopa, Kopukapuka (Myosotidium hortensia)....

Boraginaceae. Native, New Zealand (NZ) stock photo. Quality New Zealand images by well known photographer Rob Suisted, Natures ... Boraginaceae. Native, New Zealand (NZ) Stock Photo. , New Zealand (NZ) Abstracts of sun through Chatham Island Forget-me-not ... leaves and veins, Kopakopa, Kopukapuka (Myosotidium hortensia). Boraginaceae. Native, New Zealand (NZ) Stock Photo Rob Suisted ... Boraginaceae. Native, New Zealand (NZ), stock photo.. ...
more infohttps://www.naturespic.com/NewZealand/image.asp?id=31795

Flora of West Bengal, Volume 3: Apiaceae to Boraginaceae: Vinay Ranjan, P Lakshminarasimhan, SS Dash, HJ Chowdhery | NHBS Book...Flora of West Bengal, Volume 3: Apiaceae to Boraginaceae: Vinay Ranjan, P Lakshminarasimhan, SS Dash, HJ Chowdhery | NHBS Book...

Apiaceae to Boraginaceae: NHBS - Vinay Ranjan, P Lakshminarasimhan, SS Dash, HJ Chowdhery, Botanical Survey of India ... The second part of flora deals with the families Apiaceae to Boraginaceae. See the table of contents for a complete listing. ... Boraginaceae. 40. References. 41. Index of local names. 42. Index of botanical names ...
more infohttps://www.nhbs.com/flora-of-west-bengal-volume-3-book

Flower, fruit phenology and flower traits in Cordia boissieri (Boraginaceae) from northeastern Mexico [PeerJ]Flower, fruit phenology and flower traits in Cordia boissieri (Boraginaceae) from northeastern Mexico [PeerJ]

Distylous traits in Cordia dodecandra and Cordia sebestena (Boraginaceae) from the Yucatan Peninsula.. Botanical Sciences 92: ... Pollination of the heterostylous Galápagos native, Cordia lutea (Boraginaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 298:569-579 ... Flower, fruit phenology and flower traits in Cordia boissieri (Boraginaceae) from northeastern Mexico. Cristian Adrian Martínez ... Reproductive biology of some Costa Rican Cordia species (Boraginaceae). Biotropica 7:234-247 ...
more infohttps://peerj.com/articles/2033/

Boraginaceae - 山羊百科Boraginaceae - 山羊百科

Boraginaceae Reference. *Hacıoğlu, Burcu Tarıkahya and Sadık Erik 2011 Phylogeny of Symphytum L. (Boraginaceae) with special ... Wang, Chiu-Mei and Kun-Cheng Chang 2014 Two newly naturalized plants of the Boraginaceae in Taiwan: Trichodesma indicum (L.) ... Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Tzen-Yuh Chiang, Jenn-Che Wang 2002 Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill (Boraginaceae), a Naturalized Species in Taiwan ... Selvi, F., and K. Sutorý 2012 A synopsis of the genus Cynoglossum (Boraginaceae-Cynoglosseae) in Italy Plant Biosystems 2: 15 ...
more infohttp://plant.climb.com.tw/modules/mediawiki/index.php/Boraginaceae

Record Phylogeny of the popcorn flowers: Use of genome skimming to evaluate monophyly and interrelationships in subtribe...Record Phylogeny of the popcorn flowers: Use of genome skimming to evaluate monophyly and interrelationships in subtribe...

Boraginaceae). ,i,Taxon,i,, 66(6): 1406-1420. doi:10.12705/666.8. Topic:. Natural History Search this Botany Search this Plants ... is a species-rich group of the family Boraginaceae. Past studies assessing relationships had a limited sample size and ...
more infohttps://collections.si.edu/search/detail/edanmdm:SILSRO_144885?q=%22Reproductive+biology%22&record=16&hlterm=%26quot%3BReproductive%2Bbiology%26quot%3B

Wild Florida Photo - Family: Boraginaceae - BorageWild Florida Photo - Family: Boraginaceae - Borage

A collection of photographs by Paul Rebmann of Florida flora and fauna. Nature photos with information and a focus on rare, endangered and threatened species.
more infohttp://wildflphoto.com/family.php?k=p&id=141

Evaluation of Medical Metabolites in Boraginaceae FamilyEvaluation of Medical Metabolites in Boraginaceae Family

The aim of this study was to evaluate ingredient between 4 species of Boraginaceae family based on physiological & ... Boraginaceae family is known as a medicinal plant classified in dicotyledons. It is originated from Asia (Middle East). ... Boraginaceae family is known as a medicinal plant classified in dicotyledons. It is originated from Asia (Middle East). The ... Taravati, G. (2017). Evaluation of Medical Metabolites in Boraginaceae Family, Journal of Chemical Health Risks, 4(1), pp. -. ...
more infohttp://jchr.sinaweb.net/article_531935.html

KNUSTSpace: Hypotensive effect of an aqueous extract of heliotropium indicum linn (boraginaceae)KNUSTSpace: Hypotensive effect of an aqueous extract of heliotropium indicum linn (boraginaceae)

Heliotropium indicum Linn (Boraginaceae) has been used widely in the treatment of hypertension in Ghana. This study therefore ... Hypotensive effect of an aqueous extract of heliotropium indicum linn (boraginaceae). Authors: Koffuor, George Asumeng. Boye, ...
more infohttp://dspace.knust.edu.gh/handle/123456789/7135

KNUSTSpace: Hypotensive effect of an aqueous extract of heliotropium indicum linn (boraginaceae)KNUSTSpace: Hypotensive effect of an aqueous extract of heliotropium indicum linn (boraginaceae)

Heliotropium indicum Linn (Boraginaceae) has been used widely in the treatment of hypertension in Ghana. This study therefore ... Hypotensive effect of an aqueous extract of heliotropium indicum linn (boraginaceae). Authors: Koffuor, George Asumeng. Boye, ...
more infohttp://ir.knust.edu.gh/handle/123456789/7135
  • Family Species Item eaten Boraginaceae Bourreria cumanensis Fruit Cactaceae Stenocereus griseus Fruit, branch tip Capparidaceae Capparis odoratissima Fruit, flower bud Flacourtiaceae Casearia tremula Fruit, seed Poaceae Cenchrus sp. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The same could be said about possible ties to Boraginaceae , another family that the fossil taxon superficially resembles. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The Boraginaceae in the strict sense are related to a series of taxa variously recognized as subfamilies or separate families, including the Hydrophyllaceae, Heliotropiaceae, Cordiaceae, Ehretiaceae, Lennoaceae, and Wellstediaceae. (tropicos.org)
  • The Hydrophyllaceae mostly share the distinctive scorpioid inflorescence and sometimes are combined into Boraginaceae, but they differ in having a capsular fruit and parietal placentation. (tropicos.org)
  • The decision to split the Boraginaceae into several related families that are easily separable morphologically avoids the problem of having to combine the Hydrophyllaceae into a broadly circumscribed concept of Boraginaceae. (tropicos.org)
  • The Boraginaceae is paraphyletic with respect to Hydrophyllaceae and the latter is included in the former in the APG II system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Otero, A. , Jiménez-Mejías, P. , Valcárcel, V. & Vargas, P. 2014: Molecular phylogenetics and morphology support two new genera ( Memoremea and Nihon ) of Boraginaceae s.s. (wikimedia.org)
  • Cecchi L, Selvi F (2009) Phylogenetic relationships of the monotypic genera Halascya and Paramoltkia and the origins of serpentine adaptation in circummediterranean Lithospermeae (Boraginaceae): insights from ITS and matK DNA sequences. (springer.com)
  • The APG IV system from 2016 classifies the Boraginaceae as single family of the order Boraginales within the asterids . (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the APG II, the Boraginaceae belongs among the euasterid I group, including the orders Gentianales, Lamiales, and Solanales, but whether it should be assigned to one of these orders or to its own (Boraginales) is still uncertain. (wikipedia.org)
  • ISBN 3-8252-2673-5 Distribution Map And Genus list At Boraginaceae At Boraginales At: Trees At: APweb At: Missouri Botanical Garden Boraginaceae In:Mabberley's Plant-Book Boraginaceae At: Plant Names At: IPNI Home page of James L. Reveal and C. Rose Broome Boraginaceae (Search Exact) At Name Search At: Tropicos At: Missouri Botanical Garden Boraginaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001) and ndhF sequence data (Ferguson, 1998) indicate these groups are indeed related and support the traditional classification, with Boraginaceae in the strict sense as the sister group to the other taxa. (tropicos.org)
  • Binzet R (2007) Morphological and palynological futures and numerical taxonomy of Onosma L. (Boraginaceae) taxa distributed in East Mediterranean region. (springer.com)
  • Hilger, Hartmut H., Werner Greuter, and Victoria Stier 2015 Taxa and names in Cynoglossum sensu lato ( Boraginaceae , Cynoglosseae): an annotated, synonymic inventory, with links to the protologues and mention of original material Biodivers Data J. 3: e4831. (climb.com.tw)
  • Cecchi L, Coppi A, Selvi F (2011) Evolutionary dynamics of serpentine adaptation in Onosma (Boraginaceae) as revealed by ITS sequence data. (springer.com)
  • This is similar to plants in the Boraginaceae in which NaC1 and acetic acid extracts represented 56 to 68% of the total Ca (Kinzel, 1989). (freethesaurus.com)
  • In the strict sense, the Boraginaceae are recognized by their alternate leaves, stiff hairs with pustular bases (cystoliths), tightly coiled scorpioid inflorescences, actinomorphic flowers, 4-lobed ovaries with a gynobasic style, and fruits consisting of 4 nutlets. (tropicos.org)
  • Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Boraginaceae . (wikipedia.org)