Lower Extremity: The region of the lower limb in animals, extending from the gluteal region to the FOOT, and including the BUTTOCKS; HIP; and LEG.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Upper Extremity: The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.Cytological Techniques: Methods used to study CELLS.Extremities: The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Amputation: The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)Leg Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.Bones of Lower Extremity: The bones of the upper and lower LEG. They include the PELVIC BONES.Bone Resorption: Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.Leg Bones: The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.Bone Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.Cytidine Deaminase: An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of cytidine, forming uridine. EC 3.5.4.5.Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.Bone Development: The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.Bone Marrow Cells: Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.Bone Diseases: Diseases of BONES.Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Limb Salvage: An alternative to amputation in patients with neoplasms, ischemia, fractures, and other limb-threatening conditions. Generally, sophisticated surgical procedures such as vascular surgery and reconstruction are used to salvage diseased limbs.Peripheral Arterial Disease: Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Foot Bones: The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.Bone Regeneration: Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Femoral Vein: The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.Bone Matrix: Extracellular substance of bone tissue consisting of COLLAGEN fibers, ground substance, and inorganic crystalline minerals and salts.Bone Transplantation: The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.Simuliidae: Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Intermittent Claudication: A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.Bone Marrow Transplantation: The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Gait: Manner or style of walking.Popliteal Vein: The vein formed by the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins; it courses through the popliteal space and becomes the femoral vein.Leg Ulcer: Ulceration of the skin and underlying structures of the lower extremity. About 90% of the cases are due to venous insufficiency (VARICOSE ULCER), 5% to arterial disease, and the remaining 5% to other causes.Tibial Arteries: The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Foot Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Bones of Upper Extremity: The bones of the upper and lower ARM. They include the CLAVICLE and SCAPULA.Alkylation: The covalent bonding of an alkyl group to an organic compound. It can occur by a simple addition reaction or by substitution of another functional group.Venous Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.Gangrene: Death and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Ankle: The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.Popliteal Artery: The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.Bone Substitutes: Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.Atherectomy: Endovascular procedure in which atheromatous plaque is excised by a cutting or rotating catheter. It differs from balloon and laser angioplasty procedures which enlarge vessels by dilation but frequently do not remove much plaque. If the plaque is removed by surgical excision under general anesthesia rather than by an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ENDARTERECTOMY.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.Bone Diseases, MetabolicFemur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Ankle Brachial Index: Comparison of the BLOOD PRESSURE between the BRACHIAL ARTERY and the POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY. It is a predictor of PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE.Toes: Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Iliac Vein: A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Soft Tissue Neoplasms: Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.Lower Extremity Deformities, Congenital: Congenital structural abnormalities of the LOWER EXTREMITY.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Vascular System Injuries: Injuries to blood vessels caused by laceration, contusion, puncture, or crush and other types of injuries. Symptoms vary by site and mode of injuries and may include bleeding, bruising, swelling, pain, and numbness. It does not include injuries secondary to pathologic function or diseases such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Thigh: The portion of the leg in humans and other animals found between the HIP and KNEE.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Saphenous Vein: The vein which drains the foot and leg.Sarcoma: A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.Lymphedema: Edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Prevotella ruminicola: A saccharolytic species of gram-negative bacteria in the family Prevotellaceae. It ferments a wide range of CARBOHYDRATES in the RUMEN of animals.Venous Insufficiency: Impaired venous blood flow or venous return (venous stasis), usually caused by inadequate venous valves. Venous insufficiency often occurs in the legs, and is associated with EDEMA and sometimes with VENOUS STASIS ULCERS at the ankle.Barium: An element of the alkaline earth group of metals. It has an atomic symbol Ba, atomic number 56, and atomic weight 138. All of its acid-soluble salts are poisonous.Mobility Limitation: Difficulty in walking from place to place.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2: A potent osteoinductive protein that plays a critical role in the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into OSTEOBLASTS.ShoesThrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot (THROMBUS).Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.Phlebography: Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Pelvic Bones: Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.AmputeesTomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Hemiplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.Osteogenesis: The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Soft Tissue Injuries: Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".Paraparesis: Mild to moderate loss of bilateral lower extremity motor function, which may be a manifestation of SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; MUSCULAR DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; parasagittal brain lesions; and other conditions.Fibula: The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Ankle Injuries: Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.Paresis: A general term referring to a mild to moderate degree of muscular weakness, occasionally used as a synonym for PARALYSIS (severe or complete loss of motor function). In the older literature, paresis often referred specifically to paretic neurosyphilis (see NEUROSYPHILIS). "General paresis" and "general paralysis" may still carry that connotation. Bilateral lower extremity paresis is referred to as PARAPARESIS.Foot Diseases: Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.Parietal Bone: One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.Soccer: A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.Tibial FracturesMuscle Weakness: A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Compression Bandages: Strips of elastic material used to apply pressure to body parts to control EDEMA and aid circulation.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Fascia: Layers of connective tissue of variable thickness. The superficial fascia is found immediately below the skin; the deep fascia invests MUSCLES, nerves, and other organs.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Tarsal Bones: The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Technetium Tc 99m Medronate: A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used primarily in skeletal scintigraphy. Because of its absorption by a variety of tumors, it is useful for the detection of neoplasms.Cerebral Aqueduct: Narrow channel in the MESENCEPHALON that connects the third and fourth CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Abbreviated Injury Scale: Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the American Association for Automotive Medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include Maximum AIS (MAIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Probability of Death Score (PODS).Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Arteriosclerosis Obliterans: Common occlusive arterial disease which is caused by ATHEROSCLEROSIS. It is characterized by lesions in the innermost layer (ARTERIAL INTIMA) of arteries including the AORTA and its branches to the extremities. Risk factors include smoking, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, and HYPERTENSION.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Osteoblasts: Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.Pulmonary Embolism: Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Alveolar Bone Loss: Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.Lymphography: Radiographic study of the lymphatic system following injection of dye or contrast medium.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Paraplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Sports Equipment: Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).Edema: Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.Bone Cysts: Benign unilocular lytic areas in the proximal end of a long bone with well defined and narrow endosteal margins. The cysts contain fluid and the cyst walls may contain some giant cells. Bone cysts usually occur in males between the ages 3-15 years.Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome: A congenital disorder that is characterized by a triad of capillary malformations (HEMANGIOMA), venous malformations (ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA), and soft tissue or bony hypertrophy of the limb. This syndrome is caused by mutations in the VG5Q gene which encodes a strong angiogenesis stimulator.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Varicose Veins: Enlarged and tortuous VEINS.Foot Ulcer: Lesion on the surface of the skin of the foot, usually accompanied by inflammation. The lesion may become infected or necrotic and is frequently associated with diabetes or leprosy.Osteoclasts: A large multinuclear cell associated with the BONE RESORPTION. An odontoclast, also called cementoclast, is cytomorphologically the same as an osteoclast and is involved in CEMENTUM resorption.Knee Injuries: Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.Ejaculation: The emission of SEMEN to the exterior, resulting from the contraction of muscles surrounding the male internal urogenital ducts.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.OsteomyelitisDecamethonium Compounds: Compounds that contain the decamethylenebis(trimethyl)ammonium radical. These compounds frequently act as neuromuscular depolarizing agents.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Running: An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Clonazepam: An anticonvulsant used for several types of seizures, including myotonic or atonic seizures, photosensitive epilepsy, and absence seizures, although tolerance may develop. It is seldom effective in generalized tonic-clonic or partial seizures. The mechanism of action appears to involve the enhancement of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID receptor responses.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Cellulitis: An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Leg Dermatoses: A nonspecific term used to denote any cutaneous lesion or group of lesions, or eruptions of any type on the leg. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Bunyamwera virus: A species in the ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE. A large number of serotypes or strains exist in many parts of the world. They are transmitted by mosquitoes and infect humans in some areas.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Muscle Strength Dynamometer: A device that measures MUSCLE STRENGTH during muscle contraction, such as gripping, pushing, and pulling. It is used to evaluate the health status of muscle in sports medicine or physical therapy.Ergometry: Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Muscle Spasticity: A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)Contracture: Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.Walkers: Walking aids generally having two handgrips and four legs.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Chlormerodrin: A mercurial compound that has been used as a diuretic but is now superseded by more potent and less toxic drugs. The radiolabeled form has been used as a diagnostic and research tool.Dependent Ambulation: To move about or walk on foot with the use of aids.Plasmacytoma: Any discrete, presumably solitary, mass of neoplastic PLASMA CELLS either in BONE MARROW or various extramedullary sites.Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Compartment Syndromes: Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE.New England: The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.Artificial Limbs: Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Ectromelia: Gross hypo- or aplasia of one or more long bones of one or more limbs. The concept includes amelia, hemimelia, phocomelia, and sirenomelia.Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Thrombectomy: Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material from a blood vessel at the point of its formation. Removal of a clot arising from a distant site is called EMBOLECTOMY.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Arm Bones: The bones of the free part of the upper extremity including the HUMERUS; RADIUS; and ULNA.Postthrombotic Syndrome: A condition caused by one or more episodes of DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS, usually the blood clots are lodged in the legs. Clinical features include EDEMA; PAIN; aching; heaviness; and MUSCLE CRAMP in the leg. When severe leg swelling leads to skin breakdown, it is called venous STASIS ULCER.Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical: Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Frontal Bone: The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.Diaphyses: The shaft of long bones.Fractures, Stress: Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.Electric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Foot Joints: The articulations extending from the ANKLE distally to the TOES. These include the ANKLE JOINT; TARSAL JOINTS; METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT; and TOE JOINT.Calcification, Physiologic: Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7: A bone morphogenetic protein that is widely expressed during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. It is both a potent osteogenic factor and a specific regulator of nephrogenesis.Bone Marrow DiseasesAneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.

Effect of pamidronate administration on bone in patients with acute spinal cord injury. (1/12)

Eleven subjects participated in a prospective placebo-controlled trial to address the efficacy of pamidronate in reducing bone loss in persons with acute spinal cord injury (SCI). We administered pamidronate (treatment) or normal saline (placebo) intravenously at baseline (22 to 65 days after injury) and sequentially over 12 months, with follow-up at 18 and 24 months. Regional bone mineral density (BMD) was lost over time, regardless of group. In the treatment group compared with the placebo group, we noted a mild early reduction in loss of total leg BMD. Significant bone loss from baseline occurred earlier in the placebo group at the regional sites than in the treatment group. However, by the end of the treatment and follow-up phases, both groups demonstrated a similar percent bone loss from baseline. Despite an early reduction in bone loss, pamidronate failed to prevent major, long-term bone loss in persons with acute neurologically complete SCI.  (+info)

Relationship of fat mass and serum estradiol with lower extremity bone in persons with chronic spinal cord injury. (2/12)

In the spinal cord injury (SCI) population, a relationship between adiposity and leg bone has not been reported, nor one between serum estradiol and leg bone mass. A cross-sectional, comparative study of 10 male pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for SCI was performed. Relationships were determined among bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), lean mass, fat mass, and serum sex steroids. In the twins with SCI, significant relationships were evident between leg BMD or BMC with total body percent fat (r2= 0.49, P < 0.05; r2= 0.45, P = 0.05), leg fat mass (r2 = 0.76, P < 0.0005; r2= 0.69, P = 0.005), and serum estradiol (r2= 0.40, P = 0.05; r2= 0.37, P = 0.05). By stepwise regression analysis, in the twins with SCI, leg fat mass was found to be the single most significant predictor of leg BMD or BMC (F = 12.01, r2= 0.76, P = 0.008; F = 50.87, r2= 0.86, P < 0.0001). In the able-bodied twins, leg lean mass correlated with leg BMD and BMC (r2= 0.58, P = 0.01; r2= 0.87, P = 0.0001). By use of within-pair differences, significant correlations were found for leg lean mass loss with leg BMD loss (r2= 0.56, P = 0.01) or leg BMC loss (r2= 0.64, P = 0.0005). In conclusion, in twins with SCI, significant correlations were observed between fat mass and leg BMD or BMC as well as between serum estradiol values and leg BMD. The magnitude of the leg muscle mass loss was correlated with the magnitude of bone loss.  (+info)

Inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase prevents inflammatory bone destruction. (3/12)

Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are implicated in joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by modulating the production and functions of inflammatory cytokines. Although p38 MAPK (p38) participates in signaling cascades leading to osteolysis in arthritis, the mechanisms of its action in this process remain incompletely understood. Here, we found that the osteoclast (Ocl) precursors expressed p38alpha, but not p38beta, p38delta, and p38gamma isoforms. Treatment of these cells with receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand (RANKL) resulted in p38 activation. Importantly, Ocl development induced by RANKL or RANKL and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha was blocked with the novel p38 inhibitor 4-(3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrimidine (SC-409). To validate in vitro data, p38 role was further investigated in streptococcal cell wall (SCW)-induced arthritis in rats. We found that SCW-induced joint swelling and bone destruction were attenuated by SC-409. Mechanistically, the data show that SCW-stimulated DNA binding activity of the transcription factor myocyte-enhancing factor 2 C, which is downstream of p38, was inhibited by SC-409. In addition, SC-409 inhibited SCW-stimulated expression of numerous factors, including TNF-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and RANKL. Although c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and NF-kappaB pathways were activated in vitro by RANKL and in vivo by SCW, SC-409 had no significant effect on these pathways. In conclusion, our data show that p38 modulates the production and signaling of cytokines, thus providing a mechanism of the bone-sparing effect of SC-409 in rat arthritis. These data present SC-409 as a novel potent p38 inhibitor and suggest that p38-based therapies may be beneficial in preventing bone loss associated with RA.  (+info)

A complementary method for the detection of osteoblastic metastases on digitized radiographs. (4/12)

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of gray level parameters in order to distinguish healthy bone from osteoblastic metastases on digitized radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skeletal radiographs of healthy bone (n = 144) and osteoblastic metastases (n = 35) were digitized using pixels 0.175 mm in size and 4,096 gray levels. We obtained an optimized healthy bone classification to compare with pathological bone: cortical, trabecular, and flat bone. The osteoblastic metastases (OM) were classified in nonflat and flat bone. These radiological images were analyzed by using a computerized method. The parameters (gray scale) calculated were: mean, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation (MGL, SDGL, and CVGL, respectively) based on gray level histogram analysis. Diagnostic utility was quantified by measurement of parameters on healthy and pathological bone, yielding quantification of area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, AUC. RESULTS: All three image parameters showed high and significant values of AUC when comparing healthy trabecular bone and nonflat bone OM, showing MGL the best discriminatory ability (0.97). As for flat bones, MGL showed no ability to distinguish between healthy and flat bone OM (0.50). This could be achieved by using SDGL or CVGL, with both showing a similar diagnostic ability (0.85 and 0.83, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our results show that the use of gray level parameters quantify healthy bone and osteoblastic metastases zones on digitized radiographs. This may be helpful as a complementary method for differential diagnosis. Moreover, our method will allow us to study the evolution of osteoblastic metastases under medical treatment.  (+info)

Zebrafish short fin mutations in connexin43 lead to aberrant gap junctional intercellular communication. (5/12)

Mutations in the zebrafish connexin43 (cx43) gene cause the short fin phenotype, indicating that direct cell-cell communication contributes to bone length. Three independently generated cx43 alleles exhibit short segments of variable sizes, suggesting that gap junctional intercellular communication may regulate bone growth. Dye coupling assays showed that all alleles are capable of forming gap junction channels. However, ionic coupling assays revealed allele-specific differences in coupling efficiency and gating. For instance, oocyte pairs expressing the weakest allele exhibited much higher levels of coupling than either of the strong alleles. Therefore, measurable differences in Cx43 function may be correlated with the severity of defects in bone length.  (+info)

A complete skeleton of a Late Triassic saurischian and the early evolution of dinosaurs. (6/12)

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Osteosarcoma of limb bones: a clinical, radiological and histopathological diagnostic agreement at Black Lion Teaching Hospital, Ethiopia. (7/12)

OBJECTIVES: To measure the strength of agreement in clinical, radiological and histopathological diagnosis of osteosarcoma in a 5 year study period. SETTING: Addis Ababa University, Black-Lion ('Tikur Anbessa') Hospital-BLH, is the country's highest tertiary level referral and teaching hospital. The departments involved in this study (Radiology, Pathology and Orthopedics) receive referred patients from all over the country. METHODS: All bone tumor patients, presenting to the three departments at BLH between the study period, December, 2003 - March, 2008 were recruited for the study. 51 patients with radiological diagnosis of osteosarcoma of the extremities were identified and their clinical and histopathological diagnoses reviewed in detail. All patients had a clinical examination, plain radiographs and biopsies of the affected part of the extremity. Radiographs of selected difficult cases were discussed at joint orthopedic & radiologic sessions every week. The radiological and histopathological diagnoses made were categorized separately using WHO classification of bone tumors. Strength of agreement between radiological and histopathological diagnoses was measured using Cohen's Kappa test. RESULTS: Of the total of 216 bone tumor patients presented and biopsied in the five year period, fifty one (51) had osteosarcoma of extremity bones. Commonest age affected by osteosarcoma was 16 (7-55 years) and sex ratio was 1:1. Osteosarcoma was also the single most common clinical, radiological and histological diagnosis made. Considering all bone tumors presented together, the study indicated that radiological diagnosis was confirmed by similar histological diagnosis in 172 out 205 cases (84%) and the corresponding Cohen's Kappa value (0.82) showed excellent level of agreement between radiological and histological diagnoses of all bone tumors. The agreement between radiological and histopathological diagnoses of osteosarcoma of the limbs was 84.5%. CONCLUSION: There is an excellent agreement between clinical, radiological and histopathological diagnoses of bone tumors in general and osteosarcoma in particular. In setups where there is limited or no histopathological service, joint clinical and radiological decision could lead to a higher degree of accuracy in diagnosis of bone tumors, especially osteosarcoma. Radiological diagnosis of bone tumors at Black Lion Hospital, Addis Ababa is excellent.  (+info)

Pediatric sports-related lower extremity fractures: hospital length of stay and charges: what is the role of the primary payer? (8/12)

OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were (a) to evaluate the distribution by primary payer (public vs. private) of U.S. pediatric patients aged 5-18 years who were hospitalized with a sports-related lower extremity fracture and (b) to discern the adjusted mean hospital length of stay and mean charge per day by payer type. METHODS: Children who were aged 5 to 18 years and had diagnoses of lower extremity fracture and sports-related injury in the 2006 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database were included. Lower extremity fractures are defined as International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes 820-829 under Section "Injury and Poisoning (800-999)," while sports-related external cause of injury codes (E-codes) are E886.0, E917.0, and E917.5. Differences in hospital length of stay and cost per day by payer type were assessed via adjusted least square mean analysis. RESULTS: The adjusted mean hospital length of stay was 20% higher for patients with a public payer (2.50 days) versus a private payer (2.08 days). The adjusted mean charge per day differed about 10% by payer type (public, US$7,900; private, US$8,794). CONCLUSIONS: Further research is required to identify factors that are associated with different length of stay and mean charge per day by payer type, and explore whether observed differences in hospital length of stay are the result of private payers enhancing patient care, thereby discharging patients in a more efficient manner.  (+info)

Black Lion Audio Micro Clock MkIII External Clock | A significant redesign on its predecessor, BLAs MkIII features low-jitter crystal oscillators and higher-quality galvanic transformer isolation!
Originally Posted by Firstcycle 27. And weight 175. About 18% body fat. Something in your training or nutrition has gone awry if these are your stats
Im absolutely disgusted by this…. what a slap in the face…. Ive been eagerly awaiting the release of mount reskins…. and to see this is beyond disappointing. Ive got 10 characters…. My main goal is to design each one of them complete and unique…. Most of them have unique gliders… most have unique harvesting tools… and was even considering mail carriers too at some point…. Over time I have been spending unknown amounts of real money on these items happily as they are building my vision of the cahracters…. I was happy with the system they used to sell gliders and harvesting tools… you could choose individual items or sometimes get packs at a slightly reduced price…. this is fair…. After the Haloween reskins I was feeling optimistic… that they would release themed sets…. and possibly sell them seperately at aa slightly increased price…. I was cool with this…. I wouldve bought sets for 2000 gems all day even if i only wanted a couple from the set. Now they have ...
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Its deeply troubling when 50 percent of African-American gay men are expected to get H.I.V. during their lifetime…" This troubling warning was issued by Dr. Jonathan Mermin, who serves as the director of the C.D.C.s National Center for H.I.V./AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, S.T.D. and TB Prevention program. And the epicenter of this hidden crisis is small pockets […]. ...
Black Lion Research presents the first natural SERM Rebirth and it is always in stock! Order now and have your order shipped out today!
I wanted to do a look for Never Too Much Sparkle groups this weeks make-up challenge. Colours with high contrast are really hard to work with for me, Im no that good at blending but I hope to learn! I decided to do a really simple look, since I hadnt ever tried anything with just black and white. I think black is usually too harsh for my light eyecolor, but this look turned out nice and wearable. I suck at black lipstick since my lips are so small and I think I should have added false lashes to make the look complete, but no one is perfect ...
Snape turned in a swirl of black robes and stalked over to the chair to glower at Regulus. "There is no us, Black. There is no place for us in the Dark Lords world. He has as much use for shirt-lifters as he has for Mudbloods." Snape averted his face to stare into the coals of the fireplace. "I shall have no issue, Black. Thats tantamount to denying the Dark Lord more minions. So," Snape said as he turned back to Regulus, "I reiterate: there is no us." He put on his mask and held up his wand. For a second, Snape looked at Black, an unreadable expression in his shadowed eyes and then he apparated away ...
Eventbrite - Black Country Atelier presents Introduction to Laser Cutting - Saturday, 27 October 2012 at Black Country Atelier, Birmingham, Birmingham. Find event and ticket information.
Strokes hit about 200,000 more Americans a year than commonly believed, according to a new study that tried to correct previous research by looking at black neighborhoods instead of just well-to-do
dog training ct At Black Birch Farm we offer a wide variety of dog training classes. Our training techniques taught by our experienced instructors are designed to train. Call now - 203-874-0084. http://www.blackbirchfarm.com/services/obedience-training/ dog training ct dog training milford ct
In appreciation of the Cary Institutes most loyal donors, Irene and Jack Banning hosted the Aldo Leopold Societys annual Autumn Celebration at Black Sheep Hill in Pine Plains on October 13, 2012. ...
Every now and then I see a thread in the discussion forums come up talking about a patent being awarded to Google. The most recent is a thread at Black Hat World where the SEO tells webmasters to keep their heads up in preparation for something big...
Michael Little and Kylecia Whitfield were named Jasper High Schools Band Beau and Sweetheart during halftime ceremonies Friday night.
Nicole Del pine r alise de nombreuses publications au niveau national et international : Connective Tissue Oncology Society, Multicentric Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of bone. A case report with limb salvage and long follow up.
One of our favorite Beer Broads, Anastasia Logan, and her friend Patti are walking the Breast Cancer 3-Day this year and they need your help. You dont have to walk the 60 miles with her. They just ask that you stop by Black Raven Brewing this Sunday night and drink some beer. (And buy some raffle tickets, of course.). Beer for Boobs is happening at Black Raven this Sunday, July 22nd from 5 to 8 p.m. Being that its Black Raven, you know you can expect a special beer on tap - and for this 3-Day fundraiser its pink, natch - pink lemonade pilsner on cask with all proceeds going to the charity. The raffle tickets are cash-only so bring money. This is a 21+ event.. Details from their Facebook event page:. ...
Book now at The Lodge Restaurant at Black Butte Ranch in Black Butte Ranch, explore menu, see photos and read 223 reviews: We had Thanksgiving dinner at the Lodge restaurant. The setting is great. The service was good. I ordered the pork loin entre. When it first came i...
While they acknowledge that there wasnt enough evidence for reviewers to look at the differences in exercise modality or doses, authors note that "there may also be longer-term benefits of introducing fall prevention exercise habits in people in the general community." They point out that most of the studies reviewed focused on programs that lasted 12 weeks or more, with nearly a third lasting a year or more. "These findings highlight the importance of primary prevention," they write.. Even with the definitive conclusion on the overall effectiveness of exercise in falls prevention, authors of the review believe more work should be done to tease out the impact of various exercise programs, though they advise that the studies will need to be "very large." They also recommend further research into fall prevention programs in emerging economies "where the burden of falls is increasing more rapidly than in high-income countries," and the need to investigate how best to integrate falls prevention ...
FORM FEET AND LEGS!. Transformation here is much like the other version - fold the legs close to the body, and tilt up the heads. The tails get pushed into the body. The back end of each lion has a spring loaded door that the black lions feet go into.. FORM ARMS AND BODY. For the arms, fold the legs in and push the tail into the body. In the old toy, you would use the tail to connect the figure to the body. This time there is a small peg that folds out from the rear of the lion. This again, is made of that tough plastic. The peg fits into the shoulder of the black lion. You would thing that this would be a fragile connection point, but it is not, it is really secure and strong.. AND ILL FORM THE HEAD. The black lion forms the body. First you fold out the bottom legs so that they are pointed straight down. Then, open the panels on the shoulders of the front legs and fold the legs in. Be careful with these panels, as these are the only fragile points about this toy that I can see. Rotate the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Early stabilization of lower extremity fractures in the multiply injured patient. AU - Bucholz, Robert W.. PY - 1993. Y1 - 1993. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027439725&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027439725&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/0268-0890(93)90005-C. DO - 10.1016/0268-0890(93)90005-C. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:0027439725. VL - 7. SP - 15. EP - 18. JO - Orthopaedics and Trauma. JF - Orthopaedics and Trauma. SN - 1877-1327. IS - 1. ER - ...
Despite last week being one of the most traumatic in a generation, especially for the UK hospitality sector, at Black Sheep we are focussed on the things we can control and in short getting our products to our consumers in whatever way we can.. We are knee deep in mail orders and home deliveries and are working with all of our off trade customers to ensure we can get our beer onto the shelves as quickly as possible.. At Black Sheep we waited to understand as many facts as possible before responding to a rapidly changing situation. We are a team and have worked together to create the best possible solutions for the situation we find ourselves in.. When the Government closed pubs on Friday 20th March it also announced the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme which has allowed some certainty for us to develop a short term plan and protect our employees.. The business functions that can operate are operating with people working from home where they can. We are all adapting to this new normal and I ...
Ken Garduno is a fascinating study in narrative illustration, conjuring images of strange scientific studies, time travel, interdimensional communication as well as the age-old tale of inner turmoil and the search for love. In his debut solo exhibition, "Channels," at Black Maria Gallery, he continues his growing repertoire of distinguished and interconnected visuals. And recently, Ken gave us a little insight on his latest body of works and his life in general.. A Southern California native, Ken Garduno is actively towing the blurry line between illustration and fine art. His acrylic, ink and ink wash works on paper have continued to interest viewers , showing no signs of stagnating their personal and universal creative studies. Currently, Ken has created a wonderful group of works titled, "Channels," showing at Black Maria Gallery in Los Angeles. Ken took a few moments out of his very busy schedule to sit down for a minute and answer some questions, giving us a little peek into the world ...
Reporting by the Charleston Gazette this week suggests that the Obama administration's efforts to impose tough new limits on miners' exposure to
I have a recipe that uses a teaspoon of instant yeast in addition to the starter. Will I still get the same lower glycemic index characteristic of sourdoughs?
The player again picks up the crowbar of research scientist Gordon Freeman, who finds himself on an alien-infested Earth being picked to the bone, its resources depleted, its populace dwindling. Freeman is thrust into the unenviable role of rescuing the world from the wrong he unleashed back at Black Mesa. And a lot of people -- people he cares about -- are counting on him. ...
McPhee turns 11 next week. He had probably his best year since moving back from Alberta in 2001: healthy, fast (but thank goodness gracious not as fast as he used to be), and birdy as hell. I remember when he was coming off ACL surgery a couple of years ago and the poor Dirt Doc had to listen to me whine ad nauseum about how he was all washed up, etc. This year, he got to retrieve a handful of grouse, about a dozen pheasants, and a few ducks. And that Merganser. Tasty. Billy "Lawless" Siemer got to watch the poor old dogge knock me over after he changed his mind after delivering to me a downed grouse up at Black Lake. Im not so sanguine to assume anything besides this being a crescendo year before the end comes. I hope to be pleasantly surprised, but it was still pretty tough walking out at as the light faded. There will be other dogs, but never one that takes the place of your first. (postscript 2: he had a massive seizure on Sunday night, his first in the last 9 months. Took him about 10 ...
Edward J. Hayes, Jr. notified the Company of his resignation from the Board of Directors of the Company and from all committees. There are no disagreements with Mr. Hayes on any matter relating to the companys operations, policies or practices. Mr. Hayes will be continuing as a consultant to the company. Gregory K. Hinckley was appointed to serve as Chairman of the Audit Committee of the Board.. Laura Black was appointed to fill the vacancy on the Board of Directors resulting from Mr. Hayes resignation. Ms. Black has over twenty years experience in high technology, business strategy and finance. Since 1999, she has served as a Managing Director of Needham & Company, LLC, a full service investment banking firm. At Needham, she has raised public and private equity capital for numerous technology companies and served as strategic financial advisor on multiple M&A transactions. From July 1995 to February 1999, she served as a Managing Director and Corporate Finance at Black & Company, a regional ...
ModStatus,status=released,engine=Goldsource,download=http://mods.davlevels.com/azuresheep/downloads.php}} == Overview == {{HL1}} Azure Sheep is a single-player only mod for [[Half-Life]]. The player is one of the Barney guards that is on post in one of the entrances of the Black Mesa facility. When the chaos starts you realize that your colleague Kate, codename Azure Sheep, is in the complex and in a great danger. You decide to rescue her... == Story == [[Barney Calhoun,Barney]] is a security guard. Well, Barney at the moment is just Barney, or, well, Just Barney, because with all the recent mess at [[Black Mesa Research Facility,Black Mesa]] he cant remember his whole name... Just Barney didnt want to be a security guard but, you know life, he was lead to be one; he had a secret dream, he was writing a novel and... Well, thats another story. Barney has another dream: to become a hero and rescue a princess, nothing more. Now, when the big mess occurred, he was in the first security ...
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X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) is a condition associated with mutations in the signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM)-associated protein (SAP; SH2D1A). SAP functions as an adaptor, binding to and recruiting signaling molecules to SLAM family receptors expressed on T and natural killer cells. XLP is associated with extreme sensitivity to primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, often leading to a lethal infectious mononucleosis. To investigate EBV-specific immunity in XLP patients, we studied 5 individuals who had survived EBV infection and found CD8(+) T-cell responses numerically comparable with healthy donors. However, further investigation of in vitro-derived CD8(+) T-cell clones established from 2 of these donors showed they efficiently recognized SLAM ligand-negative target cells expressing EBV antigens, but showed impaired recognition of EBV-transformed, SLAM ligand-positive, lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). Importantly, LCL recognition was restored when interactions
Included in the analysis were 1723 cases of pediatric sports-related TSI, which represented 3.7% of all pediatric sports-related trauma. The majority of patients with TSI were male (81%), and the median age was 15 years (IQR 13-16 years). TSIs arose most often from cycling accidents (47%) and contact sports (28%). The most frequently fractured regions were the thoracic (30%) and cervical (27%) spine. Among patients with spinal cord involvement (SCI), the cervical spine was involved in 60% of cases.. The average length of stay for TSIs was 2 days (IQR 1-5 days), and 32% of the patients required ICU-level care. Relative to other sports-related trauma, TSIs without SCI were associated with an increased adjusted mean length of stay by 1.8 days (95% CI 1.6-2.0 days), as well as the need for ICU-level care (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.6, 95% CI 1.3-1.9). Also relative to other sports-related trauma, TSIs with SCI had an increased length of stay by 2.1 days (95% CI 1.8-2.6 days) and the need for ...
Black pepper essential oil has many health benefits to consider and the health of the colon is of importance to your general health.
She also pointed out that I could not pay my fines in the canned goods I was holding because the food drive was last month, I should have thrown the cheap canned pineapple at her head, I should have run but swine flu has left Sophie weak and the two big pink cowboy boots would have slowed her down. And if Sophie gets taken hostage over my library fines well that is just the kind of thing that puts Bob over the edge, a place he dwells anyway. So I paid ten dollars of my fine bringing it down to only $100 more dollars and exited the library setting off the theft detector. It was a very bad day. I hate all librarians now, not just the Cagney and Lacey wannabee that busted me today, maybe someone should look into why they employ 100 librarians in the library or did they send the bookmobile out to bring them in like a field trip kind of thing. Either way they should be nicer to me since I am paying all of their salaries ...
Hi Dr West,. I had diagnosed on Mar 2012, with mets to brain and bone.I am EGFR+ with 19 deletion. I took Tarceva since Apr 2012 and had great responses. On Nov 2012, with still multiple tumors on my brain, I started pulsed Tarceva - I took 7 pills (150mg each) all at once on a day, then waited for 6 days. With less side effect, my brain mets(about 6-,7 of them, with largest 10mm) totally disappeared on Apr 2013s scan. I continue taking pulsed tarceva since then.. Last week my CT scan shows small new appeared lung nodules (largest 3.5mm) and one slightly increased old nodule ( from 1.5mm to 3 mm), with SUV of max 1.3. And my PET scan showed extensive increase activities (suv 3.5) on my left sacral ala, corresponding to a 12mm sclerotic lesion. I am now switched back to daily 150mg Tarceva since last visit and was told to wait for 3 more month for scan.. My question is: does this mean a tarceva resistance? Or it is caused by long period of pulsed tarceva? What might happen next after I switch ...
The Gates of Maguuma release begins today, and we here at the Black Lion Trading Company have the perfect items to send you on your way in style! Log in while the release is live to unlock free, permanent access to the story content, and read below to see this weeks offerings! ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Meet Scott, a commercial welder who by day runs his own sheet metal fabricating business in Sacramento with 3 other colleagues, and by night, he constructs metal geodesic dome mutant vehicles and pod cabins.. Inspired by Theo Janssens StrandBeest, Scott created his own Bucky ball like mutant vehicle for this years Burning Man event to cruise around the playa at Black Rock City. With initial approval for his design from the Burning Man Department of Mutant Vehicles (DMV), he set out to construct his Walking Pod, a mutated version of the Strandbeest, with a focus on creating a moving platform to cross the hostile terrain while providing a comfortable living space inside. ...
Find Out How Many Calories Are In Black Bear Pastrami Round, Good or Bad Points and Other Nutrition Facts about it. Take a look at Black Bear Pastrami Round related products and other millions of foods.
At Black Sheep Plumbing, weve noticed a disturbing trend in our industry. Many companies will charge their customers premium prices for sub-par
Book now at Black Rabbit Restaurant & Bar in Troutdale, explore menu, see photos and read 349 reviews: The chicken dinner is to die for!!! Lighting is a little dark, but noise level is quiet. Server wasnt very attentive, but all in all, a very good dinn...
If you're looking for a powerful pre workout look at Black Magic BZRK. It has high doses and proven ingredients. Get it from Cardiff Sports Nutrition today.
If you are a member of the press or wider media and have an enquiry, please contact Kerry Jack, Lizzie Hannaway or Nicola Pearson at Black Letter Communications. Office hours: ...
Molds produce strong earthy and musty odors. When choosing a peek at black mold you will come to believe it is is alive exactly like us. If you just see some small patches around your air vents (under ten sq ft) or a few dots for the ceiling of your
There are a slew of products aimed at black men with this problem, but I found relief in early-20th-century razor technology. Now, a Silicon Valley entrepreneur has built a company around the old-fashioned solution.
T-Bomb 3xtreme is one of the most explosive testosterone supplements on the market - Order T-Bomb now at Black Diamond Supplements.
Vertebral bodies L2-L5 show increased opacity from osteoblastic metastases (orange arrows). Incidental age-related DJD (degenerative Joint Disease) with osteop
The study suggests that there is a high-benefit to low-risk nature with sports activity in middle age, since the portion of sports-associated SCA is relati
In a prospective cohort of 22 male Australian football players, the investigators evaluated the diagnostic accuracy and test-retest repeatability of the King-Devick (K-D) test for identifying sports-related concussion. With a positive likelihood ratio of 11.6 and a positive predictive value of 89%, the K-D test was shown to be an effective screening tool for identifying impaired oculomotor function, a marker for sports-related concussion.. The K-D test may help sports medicine professionals make faster decisions regarding management of sports-related concussion and player fitness on the field.. - Kathleen Freeman, OD, FAAO. Source Link Here. ...
In this study, the investigators will learn about the effect of targeted blood pressure management (TPM) on participants healing from acute spinal cord injury.. The investigators want to learn:. The effect of two types of TPM on long term motor and sensory outcomes. The effect of two types of TPM on long-term pain and functional independence outcomes.. How safe TPM is for participants. ...
Researchers examined neuroimaging studies obtained in children and adolescents with sports-related concussions and found that the images appeared normal in 78 percent of cases. Although usually nondiagnostic, occasionally such studies can be useful in guiding decisions about return to play.
PERI-LOC* Periarticular Locked Plating Lower Extremity treats lower extremity fractures including: lateral distal femur, proximal femur, distal femur, proximal tibia, anterolateral distal tibia, medial distal tibia plate.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
BOOKS Producer looks at black power movements vast influence on pop culture Music producer and scholar Pat Thomas became intrigued by the Black Panthers when he moved to Oakland in 2000 and began to understand the impact a group of radicals had on reshaping the political and cultural landscape of their time. Thomas spent five years researching the Panthers and was struck not by the sociological influence or the dogmatic politics but by the impact on pop culture. The Sights and Sounds of Black Power 1965-1975, has just been released with a CD of Black Panther poems, music and speeches. The book is unique in the sense there are plenty of books about the Black Panthers and black power, Thomas said, but this book focuses really on the pop culture angle and yet still gives people a sense of what the movement was all about. Why was the 1967 picture of Huey Newton sitting in the oversize wicker chair, wearing a beret, and holding weapons such an iconic image? The Free Huey movement wound up expanding
2015/10/07 (火) ~ 10/18 (日) まで開催された BFI London Film Festival 2015 にて、カンバーバッチさんが出演している Black Mass が上映されました。 Warner Bros. UK Black Mass Live From London Film Festival レッドカーペット動画 The Virgin Atlantic Blog Virgin Atlantic Sponsors Gala Night at BFI London Daily Express Benedict Cumberbatch and wife Sophie Hunter cosy up at Black Mass premiere Daily Mail Benedict…
I love Bruce Dixon over at Black Agenda; fam is a true field Negro in my book. Bruce has been relentless in his attacks of O because he believes that he has been a huge disappointment as president. A sampling:"Next week will mark the third anniversary of Barack Obamas inauguration, and the unveiling of his fourth budget. Already White House spokespeople admit that it will be bad news for black and poor Americans. In three years this president has investigated and prosecuted not a single Wall Street banker or institution, not held up the wave of foreclosures a single week, not addressed the issues of black unemployment or black mass incarceration. But black America has silenced itself to protect the career of the First Black President." [Source] I honestly dont know what folks like Bruce expected from Obama. Those of you who know me and read my writings know that I have said all along that there would be nothing spectacular in terms of progressive changes with an Obama presidency. I have said ...
Good question! Actually, the MRI image has no "colors" at all - it is a radio signal. But in order to make it visible, the computer artificially colors it. Since a single image conveys only one value at each point, we choose to assign that value to "brightness". It could also be assigned to a color, however, to make a "pseudo-color image". If you have the right software in your computer, you can change the colors to suit yourself.. The black and white choice has other bases, too. MRI is often done along with X-rays in a hospital radiology department. The doctors are used to looking at black and white x-rays, so it was natural to do MRI in the same way. Often the hard-copies are made on X-ray film, which is black and white. Finally, if we have two or more images with different contrast (T1 and T2, for example), we could combine them in a computer using different colors, to make a much more informative "false color image".. How often are cells dividing during embryonic development? When is ...
The newest iteration is now more capable: attackers using the optimised BREACH (Browser Reconnaissance and Exfiltration via Adaptive Compression of Hypertext) can target noisy end-points that use sluggish block ciphers, including AES 128 bit.. They say its also 500 times faster than the original attack; browser parallelisation is sped up by a factor of six, while requests are now 16 times faster.. The original BREACH was released to much acclaim at Black Hat in 2013, and attacks the common Deflate data compression algorithm used to save bandwidth in web communications.. The original version was itself an expansion of CRIME (Compression Ratio Info-leak Made Easy), an exploit that turned compression of encrypted web requests against users.. Karakostas and Zindros (@dionyziz) of the National Technical University of Athens and the University of Athens have described their work in the paper Practical New Developments on BREACH [PDF].. On stage, they showed security delegates how the attack could be ...
RAY, JOHN (1627-1705), naturalist, was born at Black Notley, near Braintree, Essex, probably on 29 Nov. 1627. He was baptised on 29 June 1628, and in a letter dated 30 June 1702 (Correspondence, p. 401) he speaks of himself as now almost three-score and fifteen. His father, Roger Ray, was a blacksmith. Until 1670 he himself spelt his name Wray; but he then dropped the initial W, on the ground apparently that it was not possible to latinise it (ib. p. 65). An unsubstantiated tradition connects the great naturalist with the family of Reay of Gill House, Bromfield, Cumberland (Hutchinson, History of Cumberland; Gent. Mag. 1794, i. 420; Essex Naturalist, iii. 296, iv. 119). Ray was educated first at Braintree grammar school, whence he entered Catharine Hall, Cambridge (28 June 1644), at the cost of a Squire Wyvill (Cottage Gardener, v. 221); a year later Isaac Barrow (1630-1677) [q. v.] left the neighbouring grammar school of Felsted for Trinity College. In 1646 Ray migrated from Catharine Hall to ...
We continue our month-long series on African-Americans in film with a closer look at black female directors. NPRs Tony Cox talks with Neema Barnette and actor/director Kasi Lemmons about the challenges they face and the unique perspective they bring to the big-screen.
A US-based chap has invented a gadget hes calling a USB condom.. The prophylactic dongle is advanced as protection for the largely hypothetical problem of malware injection from fake USB chargers.. Such polluted ports come in two varieties. The first got an airing at Black Hat, where researchers demonstrated a USB charger that concealed malware-injecting mini computers. The demo imagines that villains would swap genuine chargers for their fakes and when unsuspecting punters seek some electrons theyll instead get some malware.. Similar attacks have since been imagined in the public realm, where USB charging stations are becoming more prevalent. Your correspondents recent traversal of the new international terminal at Los Angeles Airport, for example, was made tolerable by the presence of USB ports nestled beneath hundreds of new seats in the waiting lounge. Various commentators have wondered out loud what would happen if such installations were subverted.. Enter the USB condom, devices that ...
Eventbrite - Joffrey Academy of Dance presents Sleeping Beauty - at Black Box Theater, Chicago, IL. Find event and ticket information.
ESUN is an online peer-reviewed journal. The December 2011 issue of ESUN features an Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma research grant and study plan, changes to the Initiatives board, and articles translated into Chinese and Spanish. Regular columns include Clinical Trials News and more.
The goals of this research are to develop advanced magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and imaging techniques and to apply them and other complementary method...
Snyder DA, Chen Y, Denissova NG, Acton T, Aramini JM, Ciano M, Karlin R, Liu J, Manor P, Rajan PA, et al. Comparisons of NMR spectral quality and success in crystallization demonstrate that NMR and X-ray crystallography are complementary methods for small protein structure determination. J Am Chem Soc. 2005 ;127(47):16505-11. ...
Sometimes medicines or physical, psychological or complementary methods cannot relieve severe pain related to cancer. In some cases, more aggressive or invasive methods may be needed to relieve severe pain.
Snyder DA, Chen Y, Denissova NG, Acton T, Aramini JM, Ciano M, Karlin R, Liu J, Manor P, Rajan PA, et al. Comparisons of NMR spectral quality and success in crystallization demonstrate that NMR and X-ray crystallography are complementary methods for small protein structure determination. J Am Chem Soc. 2005 ;127(47):16505-11. ...
Sometimes medicines or physical, psychological or complementary methods cannot relieve severe pain related to cancer. In some cases, more aggressive or invasive methods may be needed to relieve severe pain.
Highly skilled professionals and Physical Therapists from Klasinski Clinic are able to customize your care to get you back to the things you love.
Hi everyone, I coach a hockey team and we collect a lot of data on our performance. While Im reasonably numerate, my statistics skills are limited to...
WebMD explains groin pulls, the overstretching or tearing of the muscles in your groin. Learn about diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of this sports-related injury.
PERI-LOC Periarticular Locked Plating System for Upper and Lower Extremity Fractures including: 3.5mm Proximal Humerus,4.5mm Proximal Humerus, Superior Distal Clavicle, Inferior Distal Clavicle, Superior Medial Clavicle, Inferior Medial Clavicle, Medial Distal Humerus, Lateral Distal Humerus, Posterolateral Distal Humerus, Olecranon, Wide Volar Distal Radius, Standard Volar Distal Radius, 4.5mm Lateral Distal, 4.5mm Proximal, 3.5mm Lateral Proximal, 4.5mm Lateral Proximal, 3.5mm anterolateral Proximal, 3.5mm Medial Distal, Proximal Femur Targeter, Lateral Distal Femur Targeter, Medial Distal Tibia Targeter, 3.5/4.5mm Lateral Proximal Tibia Targeter
Learn more about Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma testing and diagnosis from experts at Boston Childrens, ranked best Childrens Hospital by US News.
Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is when the spinal cord is damaged from an accident or other situation. An SCI may be a bruise (contusion), a partial tear, or a complete tear (transection) in the spinal cord.
Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is when the spinal cord is damaged from an accident or other situation. An SCI may be a bruise (contusion), a partial tear, or a complete tear (transection) in the spinal cord.
Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is when the spinal cord is damaged from an accident or other situation. An SCI may be a bruise (contusion), a partial tear, or a complete tear (transection) in the spinal cord.
The testimony in Dr. Kings trial starkly portrays the collusion of the paragons of the press with suppression and omission of important information, regarding the murder of Dr. King as well as in the efforts to smear Dr. King and the movement he was leading. The testimony of Bill Schapp is frightening reading about propaganda and disinformation in the information lifeline of this country. He testified that approximately one-third of the entire CIA budget and hundreds of millions of FBI dollars are dedicated to media propaganda operations. That the CIA actually owned, at the time of the Church Committee hearings, about 250 media organizations and employed thousands of journalists actually on the CIA payroll. Mr. Schapp testified that the FBI had friendly journalists at AP, Copley News Service, U.S. News and World Report, and at the Atlanta Constitution, The New Orleans Times Picayune, The New York Times, The Christian Science Monitor, even The Washington Post. Schapp testified that Frank Wisner ...
Sports-Related Injuries: What You Need to Know A sports-related injury may result from a single traumatic event, such as a fall or collision, or from
Hepatic epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a rare, low to intermediate grade malignant hepatic vascular tumour. Epidemiology There may be a greater female incidence (with reported male-to-female ratio, 3:2), with peak incidence thought...
Learn more about Sports-related Injuries at Sky Ridge Medical Center Studied Homeopathic Remedies Scientific Evaluations of Homeopathic...
Discover the UPMC difference for sports-related injury treatment and prevention. UPMC Sports Medicine is a leader in sports performance and training.
A traumatic injury to the spine can cause a bruise, a partial tear, or a complete tear in the spinal cord. The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas.
A traumatic injury to the spine can cause a bruise, a partial tear, or a complete tear in the spinal cord. The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas.
A traumatic injury to the spine can cause a bruise, a partial tear, or a complete tear in the spinal cord. The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas.
Israel Barak, Cybereason CISO, holds more than 15 years of private and public sector security experience. As a cyber-security defense specialist with the Israeli government, he spent nearly a decade working on projects related to defensive cyber warfare. Israel has helped found two companies - Q.rity, a cyber-defense services business that was acquired by a venture capital firm, and Sentrix, which focuses on Web application security. Hes spoken at Black Hat and BSides Las Vegas.. ...
Current Research: Alveolar macrophage cells play a role in the immune response actions in the lungs when a foreign material is present. Current studies are just now coming to an understanding of the complex response from the macrophages and neutrophils. Silver and cadmium nanoparticles will be used to study the immune response of alveolar macrophage in vitro with a focus on detecting and quantifying the production of the cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and Interleukin-6 (IL-6). The infrastructure at Black Hills State University is important to the success of this project. The cell culturing facility in West Core is currently being used to culture and test the Alveolar macrophage. The WestCore facility will be paramount in the testing of the macrophage gene response with the use of PCR and MiSeq to gain real-time analysis of the changing responses from the cells.. ...
Current Research: Alveolar macrophage cells play a role in the immune response actions in the lungs when a foreign material is present. Current studies are just now coming to an understanding of the complex response from the macrophages and neutrophils. Silver and cadmium nanoparticles will be used to study the immune response of alveolar macrophage in vitro with a focus on detecting and quantifying the production of the cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and Interleukin-6 (IL-6). The infrastructure at Black Hills State University is important to the success of this project. The cell culturing facility in West Core is currently being used to culture and test the Alveolar macrophage. The WestCore facility will be paramount in the testing of the macrophage gene response with the use of PCR and MiSeq to gain real-time analysis of the changing responses from the cells.. ...
In 1922 Harold Cook found an unusual molar tooth in Nebraska. Professor Henry Fairfield Osborn, who had been working at that time for the Natural History Museum in New York, firmly declared that it must have belonged to a half ape-half man creature. Many scientists and specialists agreed. And America became the proud owner of a totally American ape-man.. Henry Osborn and his colleagues could not decide whether to call it an ape-like man or rather a man-like ape. In spite of this, they went on reconstructing a jaw, then a skull, and finally a complete skeleton. Afterwards they added facial features, muscles and presented this man-like fabrication in the Illustrated London News.. Nebraska man lasted 5 years. After subsequent discoveries in 1927, it became obvious that the unusual tooth from which a whole man had been built, was not from an ape-man but from an extinct wild pig.. In 1927, Science magazine published a one and a half page article by Gregory W.K., where he withdrew his statement that ...
Jaffee, S. R. , Lombardi, C. M., & Coley, R. L. (2013). Using complementary methods to test whether marriage limits mens antisocial behavior. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 65-77.. Jaffee, S. R., Strait, L. B., & Odgers, C. L. (2012). From correlates to causes: Can quasi-experimental studies and statistical innovations bring us closer to identifying the causes of antisocial behavior? Psychological Bulletin, 138, 272-295.. Price, T. S., Grosser, T., Plomin, R., & Jaffee, S. R. (2010). Fetal genotype for the xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme NQO1 influences intrauterine growth among infants whose mothers smoked during pregnancy. Child Development, 81, 101-114.. Jaffee, S. R., & Price, T. S. (2007). Gene-environment correlations: A review of the evidence and implications for prevention of mental illness. Molecular Psychiatry, 12, 432-442.. Jaffee, S. R., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., & Taylor, A. (2003). Life with (or without) father: The benefits of living with two biological parents depend on ...
Other spectroscopic techniques (such as UV/Vis/NIR Absorption and EPR), as well as computational methods, are used as complementary methods to explore such species. We have varied interests in a number of areas spanning bioinorganic, organometallic, and physical inorganic chemistry. Specific projects are (as much as possible) tailored to the specific interests and strengths of students.. ...
We know how many hardships you have gone through to complete your degree in medicine and or dentistry, as pursuing higher studies in dentistry itself takes a great amount of hard work, dedication and money. It is quite obvious that after earning your degree in medicine and dentistry you would want to start a practice of your own and qualify for practice financing in Florida. ...
Spinal cord injury is one of the most devastating events that can befall a person. When it happens, family and friends often go to the internet for information and encounter a bewildering array of complex information and advice, some old and out-of-date. The CareCure Community is uniquely equipped to provide information concerning acute spinal cord injury because over 70% of the members of this community have gone through the process, understand what is involved, and can offer in depth advice
Spinal cord injury is one of the most devastating events that can befall a person. When it happens, family and friends often go to the internet for information and encounter a bewildering array of complex information and advice, some old and out-of-date. The CareCure Community is uniquely equipped to provide information concerning acute spinal cord injury because over 70% of the members of this community have gone through the process, understand what is involved, and can offer in depth advice
Deep Heat Sport Spray - Pain Relief SprayHelps relieve sports-related muscular aches, strains and sprainsCan be used as a pre-warm before exercise to loosen muscles
High-dose methylprednisolone increases risks of complications in acute spinal cord injury I found this blog article in the Spinal News iPhone app. For more information about the Spinal News app and to download, click here: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/spinal-news/id543302775?ls=1&mt=8
Five papers based on Australopithecus sediba have been published in Science on Sept. 9, 2011. They include an analysis of the most complete hand ever described in an early hominin, the most complete undistorted pelvis ever discovered, the highest resolution and most accurate scan of an early human ancestors brain ever made, new pieces of the foot and ankle skeleton, and one of the most accurate dates ever achieved for an early hominin site in Africa ...
abstract = "A case is reported of a 79-year-old man with rapid onset of superior vena cava syndrome caused by an epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. Contrast-enhanced helical computed tomography showed a soft-tissue mass with punctate calcifications obstructing the superior vena cava and infiltrating adjacent fat. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a very rare primary mesenchymal tumor of the superior vena cava that often presents with calcifications. It should to be added to the differential diagnosis of tumors of the anterior mediastinum ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Complete metabolic response to therapy of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma evaluated with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/contrast-enhanced computed tomography: A CARE case report. AU - Giancipoli, R.G.. AU - Monti, S.. AU - Basturk, O.. AU - Klimstra, D.. AU - Keohan, M.L.. AU - Schillaci, O.. AU - Corrias, G.. AU - Sawan, P.. AU - Mannelli, L.. N1 - Export Date: 1 February 2019 Chemicals/CAS: fluorodeoxyglucose f 18, 63503-12-8; pazopanib, 444731-52-6, 635702-64-6; Angiogenesis Inhibitors; Antineoplastic Agents; Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; pazopanib; Pyrimidines; Radiopharmaceuticals; Sulfonamides. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. N2 - RATIONALE: Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare malignant vascular tumor of endothelial origin with a highly variable clinical presentation and natural history. Given its vascular origin, new therapies with inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) have been introduced in the treatment of these ...
A rare group of vascular cancers, which can involve soft tissue, bone, skin, liver, lymph node and/or lung. Includes Hemangioendothelioma (HE), Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma (EHE), and related vascular disorders.
The purpose of the study was to evaluate cardiovascular responses functional neuromuscular stimulation (FNS) on postural-related orthostatic stress in individuals with acute spinal cord injury.
Right hip bone. External surface. The popliteal, posterior tibial, and peroneal arteries. Back of left lower extremity. ... A lower motor neuron exits to the sacral plexus exiting through the spinal levels L5-S2. From the sacral plexus, the lower ... At its insertion it gives off from its lower border a prolongation to the deep fascia of the leg and lies behind the tendon of ... It arises from the lower and medial impression on the upper part of the tuberosity of the ischium, by a tendon common to it and ...
Back of left lower extremity. Fibularis brevis muscle Muscles of the sole of the foot. Dorsum of Foot. Deep dissection. Musclea ... Bones of the right leg. Anterior surface. Bones of the right foot. Dorsal surface. Muscles of the front of the leg. Cross- ... It arises from the lower two-thirds of the lateral surface of the body of the fibula, medial to the peroneus longus, and from ... and is inserted into the tuberosity at the base of the fifth metatarsal bone, on its lateral side. When the base of the fifth ...
Bones of the right leg. Posterior surface. The popliteal, posterior tibial, and peroneal arteries. Back of left lower extremity ... and converge to another aponeurosis which covers the lower part of the posterior surface of the muscle and contracts into the ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity. Front view. Gracilis muscle Gracilis muscle Gracilis muscle Gracilis muscle Gracilis ... Right hip bone. External surface. Structures surrounding right hip-joint. Muscles of the iliac and anterior femoral regions. ... A few of the fibers of the lower part of the tendon are prolonged into the deep fascia of the leg. By its inner or superficial ... It arises by a thin aponeurosis from the anterior margins of the lower half of the symphysis pubis and the upper half of the ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity Posterior view. PTCentral Anatomy photo:13:st-0406 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center. ... Beck, M (2000). "The anatomy and function of the gluteus minimus muscle". The Journal of Bone and Jonit Surgery (Br). 82 (B): ... access-date= requires ,url= (help) Position of gluteus minimus muscle (shown in red). Hip bone is shown in semi-transparent. ... Gluteus minimus visible at center left.) Right hip bone. External surface. Right femur. Anterior surface. The arteries of the ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity Posterior view. Leg Bones Distraction osteogenesis (leg lengthening) "Lower Extremity". ... The thigh is between the hip and knee and makes up the rest of the lower limb. The term lower limb or "lower extremity" is ... The major bones of the leg are the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), and adjacent fibula, and these are all long bones. ... The lower leg and ankle need to keep exercised and moving well as they are the base of the whole body. The lower extremities ...
Nerves of the right lower extremity Posterior view. Back of left lower extremity. Biceps femoris This article incorporates text ... Right hip bone. External surface. Bones of the right leg. Anterior surface. Cross-section through the middle of the thigh. ... It has two heads of origin; one, the long head, arises from the lower and inner impression on the back part of the tuberosity ... J Bone Joint Surg Am. 54 (54): 1444-1450. Sneath, R. S. (October 1955). "The insertion of the biceps femoris". J. Anat. 89 (89( ...
The thigh is between the hip and knee and makes up the rest of the lower limb. The term lower limb or "lower extremity" is ... The major bones of the leg are the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), and adjacent fibula, and these are all long bones. ... The lower leg and ankle need to keep exercised and moving well as they are the base of the whole body. The lower extremities ... Lower leg injuries are common while running or playing sports. About 10% of all total injuries involve the lower extremities in ...
Souza, Thomas (2007). Lower Extremity: Technique and Management. Palmer College of Chiropractic. [verification needed][page ... The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 62 (1): 2-7. ISSN 0021-9355. PMID 7351411. Ahlbäck, Sven; Bauer, Göran ... of vascular arterial insufficiency to the medial femoral condyle of the knee resulting in necrosis and destruction of bone. It ...
The autopsy revealed that his lower extremities had been ripped off; his muscle tissue was extensively mutilated and torn; ... Four human finger bones were discovered among the wreckage at the primary crash site. At the time of the crash, Frank had been ... were low-carbon steel wire, 0.025 inches (0.64 mm) in diameter. One of the dismembered fingers recovered from the wreckage had ... the fingers of his right hand were fractured and the bones splintered; and the distal phalanx of each finger on his left hand ...
"Mr Imaging of Entrapment Neuropathies of the Lower Extremity Part 1. The Pelvis and Hip." Radiographics 30.4 (2010): 983-1000. ... "The Course of the Inferior Gluteal Nerve in the Posterior Approach to the Hip." Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-British ... The lower branches of the L4 and the L5 nerves enter the sacral plexus. The sacral plexus is formed by the lumbosacral trunk, ... At the lower border of the piriformis muscle, the nerve turns backward and divides into upward and downward diverging branches ...
"A unique multifocal osteoblastoma-like tumor of the bones of a single lower extremity. Report of a case". The Journal of Bone ... Alan L. Schiller, M.D. is an American clinical pathologist and an expert in the effects of space and weightlessness on bone ... Mankin HJ, Connor JF, Schiller AL, Perlmutter N, Alho A, McGuire M (1985). "Grading of bone tumors by analysis of nuclear DNA ... A report of eight cases and review of the literature". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 67 (5): 732-47. ...
The long tubular bones are another common site of involvement, with a lower extremity preponderance. Osteoblastoma of the long ... Although other sites are rarely affected, several bones in the abdomen and extremities have been reported as sites of ... In the US, Osteoblastomas account for only 0.5-2% of all primary bone tumors and only 14% of benign bone tumors making it a ... Bone scintigraphy (bone scan) demonstrates abnormal radiotracer accumulation at the affected site, substantiating clinical ...
The pelvis is much decayed and the smaller bones of the lower extremities are gone. The integuments of the right knee, for four ... On the breast was a plate of brass, thirteen inches long, six broad at the upper end and five at the lower. This plate appears ... This belt was so placed as to protect the lower parts of the body below the breastplate. The arrows are of brass, thin, flat, ... the legbones doubled upon the thigh-bones, and the thighs brought up nearly parallel with the body. It was quite perfect, and ...
colonize the lower gastrointestinal tract, they can contaminate compound lower extremities fractures. Septic arthritis due to ... Many of these bone infections are polymicrobial in nature. Cranial and facial bones anaerobic osteomyelitis often originates by ... Conditions which can lower the blood supply and can predispose to anaerobic infection are: trauma, foreign body, malignancy, ... Long bones osteomyelitis is often caused by trauma, hematogenic spread, or the presence of a prosthetic device. ...
Other symptoms of spinal cord compression include lower extremity weakness, sensory loss, numbness in hands and legs and rapid ... MRI and bone scanning are used for diagnostic purposes. This assesses not only the location of the tumor(s) but also their ... It may prompt a bone scan to confirm or exclude spinal metastasis. Rapid identification and intervention of malignant spinal ...
The skull was long, low, and curved so that both extremities were higher than the middle. The premaxilla bones that formed the ... The skull is missing the lower jaws, part of the palate, most of the suspensorium (the bones that make up the region where the ... and refers to a deep groove along the midline of the nasal bones and frontal bones. The holotype skull (TMM 43631-1) that would ... upper and lower jaws articulate), and the occiput and braincase. Sutures between the skull bones are mostly fused. As preserved ...
Visual assessment of foot type and relationship of foot type to lower extremity injury. J Orthop Sports Phy Ther 1991; 14: 70- ... J Bone Joint Surg Br 2001; 83-B: 339 Korpelainen R, Orava S, Karpakka J, Siira P, Hulkko A. Risk factors for recurrent stress ... J Bone Joint Surg Br 1995; 77: 254-7 Burns J. Landorf KB. Ryan MM. Crosbie J. Ouvrier RA. Interventions for the prevention and ... J Bone Joint Surg Am 2002; 84-A: 62-9 Meehan PL. The cavus foot in: Morrisy, RT, (Eds), Lovell and Winter's Pediatric ...
In 2005, Saleh released the Lower-Extremity Activity Scale (LEAS) in order to quantitatively measure changes in daily physical ... the VEGA knee features a 7-layer AS coating to minimize wear and low-profile box to preserve more of the patient's native bone ... "Development and validation of a lower-extremity activity scale: Use for patients treated with revision total knee arthropalsty ... J Bone Joint Surg Am. 93: e126(1-6). doi:10.2106/jbjs.j.01933. Novicoff, WM; Saleh, KJ (Jul 2011). "Examining Sex and Gender ...
The adductor tubercle is a tubercle on the Lower extremity of the femur (thigh bone). The medial lips of the linea aspera ends ...
127 were to lower extremities including femur, knee, tibia/fibula, ankle, and foot. Twenty-nine were to upper extremities ... Twelve of the 19 injures sustained were bone fractures, including feet, shins, pelvis and lower back. The remaining seven were ... Ten injuries were to the lower extremities (legs and pelvic areas). These included three ankle injuries, three fractures of ... Chances of neck and head injuries are very low and they can be avoided by falling correctly. Lead falls are dangerous because ...
The olecranon is the proximal extremity of the ulna which is articulated with the humerus bone and constitutes a part of the ... This is because in early life, olecranon is thick, short and much stronger than the lower extremity of the humerus. However, ... Swelling over the bone site is seen and an inability to straighten the elbow is common. Due to the proximity of the olecranon ... For example: extensive comminutions, elderly patients with osteoporotic bone, and small or non-union fractures. Olecranon ...
McLean SG, Huang X, van den Bogert AJ (2005). "Association between lower extremity posture at contact and peak when the tibia ... the tibia and femur bone are more likely to rub against each other. Immediately after a tear of the ACL, the person should rest ... Pappas E.; Carpes F. P. (2012). "Lower extremity kinematic asymmetry in male and female athletes performing jump-landing tasks ... The tissue remodeling results in female ACLs that are smaller and will fail (i.e. tear) at lower loading forces, and ...
The most common injury was to the lower extremities, with ankle being the most common. The injuries on average took about 7 ... A dancer put en pointe at an age where his or her bones have not completely ossified may develop permanent damage; even past ... Rachele Quested and Anna Brodrick, the lower extremities are the vulnerable to injury. The most common injury is to the ankle, ... The average income for a ballet dancer is low,[35] and competition for jobs is very high. In addition to the stress that may be ...
The pterygoid hamulus is a hook-like process at the lower extremity of the medial pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone. Around ...
... and is usually a non-erosive poly or oligoarthritis primarily of the large joints of the lower extremities.[4] ... Bones[edit]. Arthralgia is seen in up to half of people, ... Periapaical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues - Bones of ... which is known to lower sperm count.[47] ...
... low or very low evidence supporting SM for chronic lumbar spine-related extremity symptoms and cervical spine-related extremity ... Chiropractors use x-ray radiography to examine the bone structure of a patient. ... Low back pain. A 2013 Cochrane review found very low to moderate evidence that SMT was no more effective than inert ... "Manipulative Therapy for Lower Extremity Conditions: Update of a Literature Review". Journal of Manipulative and Physiological ...
Lewis Binford first noticed that the bones at Olduvai contained a disproportionately high incidence of extremities, which are ... lower palaeolithic assemblages that belong to a core-and-flake non-Acheulian industry and incised bones that may be the ... Use of bone tools by hominins also producing Oldowan tools is known from Swartkrans, where a bone shaft with a polished point ... Brain examined the bones and concluded that the marks resulting from stripping and chewing the bones were made by a leopard. ...
Herein, we present a nine-year-old boy complaining of recurrent pain in his upper and lower extremities. On examination he had ... He also had experienced bone pain and weight loss in the recent month. Based on biopsy and bone scan he was finally diagnosed ... Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare aseptic, auto-inflammatory bone disorder. CRMO presents with bone ... Cultures of the bone are typically sterile, antibiotic therapy does not result in clinical improvement whereas anti- ...
Based upon the RNL index, the vast majority of long-term survivors of childhood lower extremity bone tumors adapt well to their ... Self-reported global function among adult survivors of childhood lower-extremity bone tumors: a report from the Childhood ... While some long-term survivors of lower-extremity bone tumors may report measurable limitations in physical performance and ... Adult survivors of childhood lower-extremity bone tumors may experience physical and psychosocial late effects that impact ...
High-quality papers concerning the entire range of bone and soft tissue sarcomas in both adults and children, including ... and a vascularized fibula graft composite for lower extremity malignant bone tumors (femur (. ), tibia (. )). Results. The mean ... Intercalary Reconstruction after Wide Resection of Malignant Bone Tumors of the Lower Extremity Using a Composite Graft with a ... Although several intercalary reconstructions after resection of a lower extremity malignant bone tumor are reported, there are ...
8, Bones of the Lower Extremity. https://joel-oppenheimer-inc.odoo.com/shop/product/oeli-008-lizars-pl-8-bones-of-the-lower- ... 8, Bones of the Lower Extremity. Oppenheimer Editions Print. 18" x 10 7/8". Limited edition of 200. Published 2016. Blind ...
Bones of Lower Extremity In Human Body are as fellows.. Thigh (i)-the femur.. Leg (2)-the tibia and fibula.. Foot (26)-7 tarsal ... List the Bones of Lower Extremity In Human Body. May 21, 2017. by admin Leave a Comment ... bones,-the astragalus, os calcis, scaphoid, cuboid, external middle and internal cuneiform,-5 metatarsal, 14 phalanges. ...
Anatomical atlas of the arteries and bones of the lower extremity: images annotated using 3D reconstructions and an ... Skeletal imaging of the lower limb. Joints and bones of the skeleton pelvis, thigh, hip, knee, leg, ankle and foot were also ... Anatomy of the arteries and bones of the lower limb based on 3D pictures and angiogram (angiography). ... We had to use groups of anatomical structures: sacrum, coxal bone, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, bones of the feet (tarsus and ...
Dr Jacob Haynes offers upper and lower extremity fracture care in Edmond and Midwest City, OK. ... A bone fracture is a medical condition in which a bone is cracked or broken. ... Upper and Lower Extremity Fracture Care. Upper and Lower Extremity Fracture Care. A bone fracture is a medical condition in ... Thinning of the bone due to osteoporosis in the elderly can cause the bone to break easily. Overuse injuries are common cause ...
lower extremity: capitulum. *trochlea. *epicondyles (lateral, medial). *supracondylar ridges (lateral, medial). *fossae (radial ... Bone marrow[edit]. Bone marrow, also known as myeloid tissue in red bone marrow, can be found in almost any bone that holds ... Bone volume[edit]. Bone volume is determined by the rates of bone formation and bone resorption. Recent research has suggested ... Bone tissue is a mineralized tissue of two types, cortical bone and cancellous bone. Other types of tissue found in bones ...
Bone Reconstruction of the Lower Extremity: Complications and Outcomes. Pelissier, Philippe; Boireau, Pascal; Martin, Dominique ... in the Treatment of Chronic Osteomyelitis of the Lower Extremity Including Reconstruction with Free Vascularized Iliac Bone ... in the Treatment of Chronic Osteomyelitis of the Lower Extremity Including Reconstruction with Free Vascularized Iliac Bone ... Arterial Anatomy of the Lower Lip: A Cadaveric Study. Edizer, Mete; Magden, Orhan; Tayfur, Volkan; More ...
... therapy of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) remains limited by subsequent disease progression and ultimate limb ... mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells versus bone marrow-mononuclear cells for the treatment of patients with lower limb ... New horizons in the treatment of lower extremity arterial disease Vol. 16, N° 10 - 09 May 2018 ... This schematic provides an overview of established and emerging options for lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) and chronic ...
Upper Extremity Bones "...Scapula; Clavicle; Humerus; etc..." Pelvis Bones; Lower Extremity Bones. Learn Your Arteries Examples ... Bone Box - Pick a Bone! Examples of "Bone Box" Categories & Subcategories include Skull Bones "...Anterior lateral; Posterior ... It is composed of four chambers, two upper (the atria) and two lower (the ventricles). It works as a pump to send oxygen-rich ... Vertebrae Bones "...Cervical: Atlas, Axis & Typical; Thoracic: Superior inferior; lumbar: Superior, Inferior & Lateral; etc ...
Purchase The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching - 2nd Edition. Print Book ... 7. Upper Extremity Bone Palpation and Ligaments. 8. Axial Body Bone Palpation and Ligaments. 9. Lower Extremity Bone Palpation ... Bone Palpation coverage teaches you to identify and palpate bones and bony landmarks. ... The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points, Referral Patterns and Stretching 2nd Edition. ...
Among youth soccer players, lower extremity pain is a major problem that could be associated with trunk function. This study... ... J Bone Joint Sug. 2006;88(8):1769-74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Lower extremity pain among cLhildren and adults is a major ... was associated with low back pain [25, 26]. Therefore, we supposed that trunk symptoms could be associated with lower extremity ... low back pain, and buttock pain were summarized as back pain according to a previous report [28]. Lower extremity pain was ...
After entering the lower leg between the two heads of the gastrocnemius, it runs deep to the soleus in the deep posterior ... J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 Sep. 83-A(9):1321-8. [Medline]. ... Nerve Entrapment Syndromes of the Lower Extremity * Sciatic ... What is the anatomy of the posterior tibial nerve (L4-S3) in nerve entrapment syndromes of the lower extremity?. Updated: Oct ... Budak F, Bamaç B, Ozbek A, Kutluay P, Komsuoglu S. Nerve conduction studies of lower extremities in pes planus subjects. ...
What are some of the long bones that are found in the upper and lower extremities? •What are 2 examples of types of flat bones ... What are some of the long bones that are found in the upper and lower extremities?. Within the Discussion Board area, write 400 ... The body has approximately 206 bones. You are asked to explain how nutrition and activity can affect bone health. Answer the ... in the body? •What are some ways to maintain skeletal health and prevent bone loss? •How does weight-bearing exercise affect ...
Bone Of Lower Extremities Bone Of Lower Limb Lower Limb Bones Anatomy - Human Anatomy Lesson image, Bone Of Lower Extremities ... Bone Of Lower Limb Lower Limb Bones Anatomy - Human Anatomy Lesson gallery ... Bone Of Lower Extremities Bone Of Lower Limb Lower Limb Bones Anatomy - Human Anatomy Lesson photo, ... Bone Of Lower Extremities Lower Extremity Bones Lower Extremity Bones Lower Extremity Bone. ...
Manage: Soft tissue type can usually be tied off, surgery is needed for bone/joint involvement. Lower Extremities. ... Upper Extremities:. Sprengels Deformity. Cleidocranial Dysostosis. Brachial Plexus Palsy. Radial Dysplasia. Lower Extremities: ... Presents: Bowed legs, low tone, large head-to-body size, frontal bossing, Dwarf, kyphosis/lordosis. Diagnose: long bone xrays, ... Lower Extremities. Genu Recurvatum: Risk & Patho: Oligo, frank breech, fibrosis of quads with deficient hamstrings, females. ...
Lower Extremity Deformities, Congenital. Limb Deformities, Congenital. Musculoskeletal Abnormalities. Congenital Abnormalities ... Bone lengthening is achieved by surgically breaking the bone and with the use of an extending device, commonly placed on the ... Bone Diseases, Developmental. Bone Diseases. Pathological Conditions, Anatomical. onabotulinumtoxinA. Botulinum Toxins, Type A ... To re start the process means the child has to have a further general anaesthetic to enable the bone to be re osteotomised (re ...
Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Bone Chondrosarcoma of the Bone Other: Endurance Other: Strengthening Other: Stretching ... Effects of Preoperative Physical Therapy in Patients With Lower Extremity Malignancy. The safety and scientific validity of ... A Pilot Study on the Effects of Preoperative Physical Therapy in Adolescents and Young Adults Diagnosed With a Lower Extremity ... intervention to the preoperative regimen of individuals diagnosed with a malignancy of the lower extremity (LE). The primary ...
Nerve entrapment syndromes of the lower extremity can involve the following nerves and branches thereof: Iliohypogastric nerve ... Causes of injury to the ilioinguinal nerve include lower abdominal incisions (Pfannenstiel), pregnancy, iliac bone harvesting, ... Nerve Entrapment Syndromes of the Lower Extremity. Updated: Jul 10, 2017 * Author: Minoo Hadjari Hollis, MD; Chief Editor: ... Nerve entrapment syndromes of the lower extremity can involve the following nerves and branches thereof:. * Iliohypogastric ...
CONCLUSION The prevalence of exclusive metastasis below the femur is low and scanning from head to knees is appropriate in most ... thousand consecutive PET/CT studies were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of exclusive uptake in lower extremities ... OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of exclusive lower extremity metastases, specifically in the femur and below the knee, ... The bone scan.. Arnold I Brenner, June Koshy, José M Morey, Cheryl Shuyi Lin, Jason Dipoce ...
Foot Bone Groups. More Details. Availability: Lower Extremities. More Details. Availability: Lower Extremity Ailments. ... Devices for the use in various treatments including bone growth stimulation, tendon injury/lesion, chronic os... ...
Bone Neoplasms • Female • Humans • Lower Extremity • Male • Middle Aged • Muscle Neoplasms • Musculoskeletal Diseases • ... Bone Diseases • Bone Marrow Diseases • Bone Neoplasms • Humans • Lymphoma, AIDS-Related • Muscle Neoplasms • Muscular Diseases ... CONCLUSION: Six (12%) of 52 feet showed a signal indicating bone marrow edema in the metatarsals. MRI depicts bone marrow edema ... patient with a lower extremity musculoskeletal malignancy. Localization of tumor to compartment of origin and identification of ...
... the global small bone and joint orthopedic devices market was valued at US $4.1 bn in 2014 and is anticipated to expand at a ... 20, 2015-- According to a new market report published by Transparency Market Research Small Bone and Joint Orthopedic Devices ... from the perspective of widely used orthopedic devices and number of procedures particularly for upper and lower extremities. ... Additionally, 50% of the population of the U.S. aged 50 years and above is expected to be diagnosed with low bone mineral ...
the lower extremity bones 2017-10-20 * anatomy i chapter #15 - sensory pathways 2016-12-10 ... Air enters the respiratory passageways when the pressure inside the lungs is lower than the __________.. ...
  • Cancellous bone is typically found at the ends of long bones, near joints and in the interior of vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is associated with weakening of hip, knee, wrist, and spinal bones and joints. (cnbc.com)
  • Surgical procedures on small bone and joints could be difficult due to anatomical complexity and disposition. (cnbc.com)
  • In medical diagnostics, the main uses for MRI are to study the soft tissues of the central nervous system, spine, extremities, bones and joints. (bcchildrens.ca)
  • Your foot is a very complicated structure comprising over 33 joints and 26 bones at your leg's lowest portion. (newhealthadvisor.com)
  • Complete atlas of bones, bony landmarks, and joints includes more than 100 full-color photographs of every bone in the human body, giving you comprehensive coverage of bones not found in other kinesiology books. (elsevier.com)
  • Small floating bones found near joints. (studystack.com)
  • In osteoarthritis , because the weight distribution across the knee or hip joints is uneven, the bone beneath the cartilage thickens on the compression side of the joint and atrophies on the extension side. (britannica.com)
  • Depending on the baseline evaluation of the patient's musculoskeletal status, a complete exercise program typically includes weight-bearing aerobic activities for cardiovascular fitness, postural training, progressive resistance training for axial muscle and bone strengthening, stretching of soft tissues and joints, and balance training to prevent falls. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The nerve supplies the lower fibers of the transversus abdominis and the internal oblique muscle and divides into lateral and anterior cutaneous branches. (medscape.com)
  • It then runs forward on the lateral side of the calcaneus, above the calcaneal tubercle and the tendon of the peroneus longus, and is inserted into the tuberosity at the base of the fifth metatarsal bone, on its lateral side. (wikipedia.org)
  • The axial images were post-processed using software post-treatment on a workstation for a multimodal reconstruction and a three-dimensional visualization of bone and blood vessels, then a similar angiographic view was created. (imaios.com)
  • Adult survivors (n = 629) of either childhood onset osteosarcoma or Ewing's sarcoma, with a primary tumor location in the lower-extremity were identified and contacted via mail to complete an additional questionnaire. (nih.gov)
  • Although several intercalary reconstructions after resection of a lower extremity malignant bone tumor are reported, there are no optimal methods which can provide a long-term reconstruction with fewest complications. (hindawi.com)
  • However, when the tumor involves the diaphyseal portion of the bone, an intercalary reconstruction method is required, and this has not been standardized. (hindawi.com)
  • A NOF is the most common benign bone tumor in children and commonly occurs in the lower extremities in children between the ages of five and 15 years of age. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • One with a relapsed brain tumor after 7 years, presented with paraplegia of the lower extremities. (scoop.it)
  • In a patient with a known primary malignant tumor presenting with a painful, destructive lesion of bone, a diagnosis of metastatic cancer can be made with some assurance. (healthcentral.com)
  • Oncologic outcomes for low rectal adenocarcinoma following low anterior resection with coloanal anastomosis versus abdominoperineal resection: a National Cancer Database propensity matched analysis. (nih.gov)
  • In the human body at birth, there are over 270 bones, but many of these fuse together during development, leaving a total of 206 separate bones in the adult, not counting numerous small sesamoid bones . (wikipedia.org)
  • Fractures or broken bones are among the most common injuries that orthopedic surgeons treat. (nyp.org)
  • That investigation found a 34 percent increase in lower extremity injuries severe enough to result in time lost from competition. (nwitimes.com)
  • Bone disease , any of the diseases or injuries that affect human bones . (britannica.com)
  • Bone diseases and injuries were formerly regarded as conditions that were more mechanical than metabolic. (britannica.com)
  • Klippel Trenaunay Weber syndrome (KTWS) is a rare idiopathic disease characterized by hemihypertrophy of the bones and soft tissues, variceal enlargement of the veins in the involved extremity, and arteriovenous (AV) malformations. (hindawi.com)
  • The pediatric neurosurgeon removes the bone(s) constricting the spinal cord or brain stem. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Osteotome (Chisel)  Used for obtaining bone chips for spinal fusion. (scribd.com)
  • Damage to one or more of these bones may damage the spinal cord, and cause serious nerve injury as a result. (chemocare.com)
  • Symptoms of spinal cord compression (pressing on the spinal cord) may notice a band-like pain around the waist, numbness and tingling down the legs, weakness and decreased sensation of the lower extremities (legs) and later, loss of bowel and bladder control. (chemocare.com)
  • Irritation of a spinal nerve in the low back (lumbar radiculopathy) causes pain that goes down the leg. (medicinenet.com)
  • A lower motor neuron exits to the sacral plexus exiting through the spinal levels L5-S2. (wikipedia.org)
  • With more than 1,000 vibrant, full-color illustrations and over 4 hours of detailed video demonstrations, THE MUSCLE AND BONE PALPATION MANUAL is the most visually engaging way to help you master and successfully apply palpation techniques in massage therapy. (elsevier.com)
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS One thousand consecutive PET/CT studies were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of exclusive uptake in lower extremities suggesting metastatic involvement. (semanticscholar.org)
  • It is prostate cancer metastatic to the bones. (rxlist.com)
  • Primary bone cancer is relatively uncommon in comparison with secondary or metastatic cancer (cancer that occurs initially in another organ and then spreads to bone tissue). (healthcentral.com)
  • However, there are individuals in whom the primary cancer is not yet recognized at the time when the early metastatic lesion in bone becomes painful. (healthcentral.com)
  • The treatment of cancer of the bone, especially metastatic cancer, has two goals: management of the neoplasm and management of the symptoms produced by the local lesion. (healthcentral.com)
  • Santana A., Er M.S., Mackenzie W.G. (2018) Shelf Acetabuloplasty Using Inner Table of Iliac Bone as Graft. (springer.com)
  • If a pathologic fracture occurs, the cyst may need to be surgically cleaned and then packed with bone graft to fill in the bone and encourage bone healing. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Articular disorders of the lower extremities are quite common, both as primary and secondary disorders, and may have far-reaching effects. (chiro.org)
  • Hence, various devices, such as Re-motion Total Wrist System by Small Bone Innovations (SBi), have been designed to assist in these intricate procedures. (cnbc.com)
  • Sometimes people who have metastasis to bones from prostate cancer or breast cancer will experience increased bone pain when therapy with some hormone type medications (e.g. leuprolide, goserelin, tamoxifen, anastrozole) is first started. (chemocare.com)
  • There are two ways bone metastasis is treated. (healthcentral.com)
  • Bone tissue (osseous tissue) is a hard tissue , a type of dense connective tissue . (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the types of tissue that makes up bone is the mineralized osseous tissue , also called bone tissue, that gives it rigidity and a honeycomb-like three-dimensional internal structure. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The primary tissue of bone, osseous tissue , is a relatively hard and lightweight composite material , formed mostly of calcium phosphate in the chemical arrangement termed calcium hydroxylapatite (this is the osseous tissue that gives bones their rigidity). (thefullwiki.org)
  • Bone cysts are fluid-filled areas inside growing bone that have not developed into osseous tissue or actual bone. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Medicare will also retain its non-coverage policy for use of HBO therapy as an initial treatment for diabetic ulcers of the lower extremities. (cms.gov)
  • Protection - Bones can serve to protect internal organs, such as the skull protecting the brain or the ribs protecting the heart and lungs . (thefullwiki.org)
  • The temporal bones, situated at the sides and base of the skull, consist each of three portions: an upright or squamous portion, a posterior or mastoid portion, and an internal or petrous portion. (chestofbooks.com)
  • We have selected a normal angioCT (Computed Tomography) exam of lower limbs: acquisition was made with helical multidetector CT (MDCT) after injection of iodized contrast. (imaios.com)
  • The primary anatomical and functional unit of cortical bone is the osteon . (wikipedia.org)
  • Bones of Lower Extremity In Human Body are as fellows. (notesread.com)
  • Bones support and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells , store minerals , provide structure and support for the body, and enable mobility . (wikipedia.org)
  • The body has approximately 206 bones. (essaylions.com)
  • What are 2 examples of types of flat bones in the body? (essaylions.com)
  • There are 206 bones in the adult human body [ 1 ] and 270 in an infant . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Shape - Bones provide a frame to keep the body supported. (thefullwiki.org)
  • They appear to articulate with the body at the lower extremity . (dictionary.com)
  • The basilar portion articulates in front with the body of the sphenoid bone, fig. 4, which in turn articulates with the ethmoid, fig. 5, the latter being situated at the root of the nose and held in position by the frontal and several bones of the face. (chestofbooks.com)
  • 1,2 Studies have also found gunshot wounds to involve the extremities more than any other parts of the body, affecting the foot approximately 5 percent of the time. (podiatrytoday.com)
  • It's a convenient site for the development and evaluation of surgical products and techniques through arthroscopic practice on human cadaveric body regions, as well as various bone fixation techniques. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Ossification begins in the body about the eighth week of fetal life, and extends toward the extremities. (wikidoc.org)
  • You just viewed Bones of the Body . (merlot.org)
  • If you know the author of Bones of the Body , please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send. (merlot.org)
  • Thus, if prostate cancer cells spread in the body to the bones, it is not then called bone cancer . (rxlist.com)
  • What is the longest bone in the human body? (reference.com)
  • The bones in the body serve several purposes. (healthcentral.com)
  • It is found most often in the arms and legs, but it can occur in any bone in the body. (healthcentral.com)
  • On the other hand, it is not unusual for cancers to spread to the bones from other parts of the body. (healthcentral.com)