Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The body location or part from which tissue is taken for TRANSPLANTATION.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
A type of CARTILAGE characterized by a homogenous amorphous matrix containing predominately TYPE II COLLAGEN and ground substance. Hyaline cartilage is found in ARTICULAR CARTILAGE; COSTAL CARTILAGE; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; and the NASAL SEPTUM.
In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.
The area between the EPIPHYSIS and the DIAPHYSIS within which bone growth occurs.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.
A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.
Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A dead body, usually a human body.
Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.
The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)
Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.
Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
Diseases of BONES.
Extracellular substance of bone tissue consisting of COLLAGEN fibers, ground substance, and inorganic crystalline minerals and salts.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
Breaks in bones.
Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.
Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.
A potent osteoinductive protein that plays a critical role in the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into OSTEOBLASTS.
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).
The region in the dorsal ECTODERM of a chordate embryo that gives rise to the future CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Tissue in the neural plate is called the neuroectoderm, often used as a synonym of neural plate.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
Benign unilocular lytic areas in the proximal end of a long bone with well defined and narrow endosteal margins. The cysts contain fluid and the cyst walls may contain some giant cells. Bone cysts usually occur in males between the ages 3-15 years.
A large multinuclear cell associated with the BONE RESORPTION. An odontoclast, also called cementoclast, is cytomorphologically the same as an osteoclast and is involved in CEMENTUM resorption.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
A bone morphogenetic protein that is widely expressed during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. It is both a potent osteogenic factor and a specific regulator of nephrogenesis.
The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.
The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.
Vitamin K-dependent calcium-binding protein synthesized by OSTEOBLASTS and found primarily in BONES. Serum osteocalcin measurements provide a noninvasive specific marker of bone metabolism. The protein contains three residues of the amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla), which, in the presence of CALCIUM, promotes binding to HYDROXYAPATITE and subsequent accumulation in BONE MATRIX.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.
Neoplasms located in the bone marrow. They are differentiated from neoplasms composed of bone marrow cells, such as MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Most bone marrow neoplasms are metastatic.
Removal of bone marrow and evaluation of its histologic picture.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
Mature osteoblasts that have become embedded in the BONE MATRIX. They occupy a small cavity, called lacuna, in the matrix and are connected to adjacent osteocytes via protoplasmic projections called canaliculi.
The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.
The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.
Organic compounds which contain P-C-P bonds, where P stands for phosphonates or phosphonic acids. These compounds affect calcium metabolism. They inhibit ectopic calcification and slow down bone resorption and bone turnover. Technetium complexes of diphosphonates have been used successfully as bone scanning agents.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Removal of mineral constituents or salts from bone or bone tissue. Demineralization is used as a method of studying bone strength and bone chemistry.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.
Polymorphic cells that form cartilage.
Fibrous blood-filled cyst in the bone. Although benign it can be destructive causing deformity and fractures.
The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of BONE formation. It plays additional roles in regulating CELL DIFFERENTIATION of non-osteoblastic cell types and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions.
A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
The shaft of long bones.
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used primarily in skeletal scintigraphy. Because of its absorption by a variety of tumors, it is useful for the detection of neoplasms.
A transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that specifically binds RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B and OSTEOPROTEGERIN. It plays an important role in regulating OSTEOCLAST differentiation and activation.
Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.
The spinal or vertebral column.
The bones of the free part of the upper extremity including the HUMERUS; RADIUS; and ULNA.
The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Dissolution of bone that particularly involves the removal or loss of calcium.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.
A bone tumor composed of cellular spindle-cell stroma containing scattered multinucleated giant cells resembling osteoclasts. The tumors range from benign to frankly malignant lesions. The tumor occurs most frequently in an end of a long tubular bone in young adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.
Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.
Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
Fractures of the femur.
Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.
The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
The most common form of fibrillar collagen. It is a major constituent of bone (BONE AND BONES) and SKIN and consists of a heterotrimer of two alpha1(I) and one alpha2(I) chains.
Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.
A secreted member of the TNF receptor superfamily that negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis. It is a soluble decoy receptor of RANK LIGAND that inhibits both CELL DIFFERENTIATION and function of OSTEOCLASTS by inhibiting the interaction between RANK LIGAND and RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
The CARPAL BONES; METACARPAL BONES; and FINGER PHALANGES. In each hand there are eight carpal bones, five metacarpal bones, and 14 phalanges.
A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.
Bone diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms.
The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.
A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.
A highly glycosylated and sulfated phosphoprotein that is found almost exclusively in mineralized connective tissues. It is an extracellular matrix protein that binds to hydroxyapatite through polyglutamic acid sequences and mediates cell attachment through an RGD sequence.
A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Decrease, loss, or removal of the mineral constituents of bones. Temporary loss of bone mineral content is especially associated with space flight, weightlessness, and extended immobilization. OSTEOPOROSIS is permanent, includes reduction of total bone mass, and is associated with increased rate of fractures. CALCIFICATION, PHYSIOLOGIC is the process of bone remineralizing. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed; Nicogossian, Space Physiology and Medicine, 2d ed, pp327-33)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A bone morphogenetic protein that is found at high concentrations in a purified osteoinductive protein fraction from BONE. Bone morphogenetic protein 3 is referred to as osteogenin, however it may play a role in variety of developmental processes.
Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.
Transplantation between individuals of the same species. Usually refers to genetically disparate individuals in contradistinction to isogeneic transplantation for genetically identical individuals.
A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).
A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
The bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of BONE FRACTURES during normal healing.
Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing bones or bone tissue for future use.
Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
A circular structural unit of bone tissue. It consists of a central hole, the Haversian canal through which blood vessels run, surrounded by concentric rings, called lamellae.
The development and formation of various types of BLOOD CELLS. Hematopoiesis can take place in the BONE MARROW (medullary) or outside the bone marrow (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.
The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.
The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.
The development of bony substance in normally soft structures.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A subtype of bone morphogenetic protein receptors with high affinity for BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They can interact with and undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS, TYPE II. They signal primarily through RECEPTOR-REGULATED SMAD PROTEINS.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.
Nodular bones which lie within a tendon and slide over another bony surface. The PATELLA (kneecap) is a sesamoid bone.
A diphosphonate which affects calcium metabolism. It inhibits ectopic calcification and slows down bone resorption and bone turnover.
A bone that forms the lower and anterior part of each side of the hip bone.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
Transplantation of an individual's own tissue from one site to another site.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The complex processes of initiating CELL DIFFERENTIATION in the embryo. The precise regulation by cell interactions leads to diversity of cell types and specific pattern of organization (EMBRYOGENESIS).
Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.
The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.
A transcription factor that dimerizes with CORE BINDING FACTOR BETA SUBUNIT to form core binding factor. It contains a highly conserved DNA-binding domain known as the runt domain and is involved in genetic regulation of skeletal development and CELL DIFFERENTIATION.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC
Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.
A family of intercellular signaling proteins that play and important role in regulating the development of many TISSUES and organs. Their name derives from the observation of a hedgehog-like appearance in DROSOPHILA embryos with genetic mutations that block their action.
Artificial substitutes for body parts and materials inserted into organisms during experimental studies.
Cell growth support structures composed of BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. They are specially designed solid support matrices for cell attachment in TISSUE ENGINEERING and GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION uses.
Disorder caused by an interruption of the mineralization of organic bone matrix leading to bone softening, bone pain, and weakness. It is the adult form of rickets resulting from disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The formation of cartilage. This process is directed by CHONDROCYTES which continually divide and lay down matrix during development. It is sometimes a precursor to OSTEOGENESIS.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
The outer of the three germ layers of an embryo.
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.
An abnormal hardening or increased density of bone tissue.
A factor synthesized in a wide variety of tissues. It acts synergistically with TGF-alpha in inducing phenotypic transformation and can also act as a negative autocrine growth factor. TGF-beta has a potential role in embryonal development, cellular differentiation, hormone secretion, and immune function. TGF-beta is found mostly as homodimer forms of separate gene products TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2 or TGF-beta3. Heterodimers composed of TGF-beta1 and 2 (TGF-beta1.2) or of TGF-beta2 and 3 (TGF-beta2.3) have been isolated. The TGF-beta proteins are synthesized as precursor proteins.
Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
The bone which is located most lateral in the proximal row of CARPAL BONES.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
Bone lengthening by gradual mechanical distraction. An external fixation device produces the distraction across the bone plate. The technique was originally applied to long bones but in recent years the method has been adapted for use with mandibular implants in maxillofacial surgery.
A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. It is the most common and most malignant of sarcomas of the bones, and occurs chiefly among 10- to 25-year-old youths. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
Excessive formation of dense trabecular bone leading to pathological fractures; OSTEITIS; SPLENOMEGALY with infarct; ANEMIA; and extramedullary hemopoiesis (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).
Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.

Ankle arthrodesis using an anterior AO T plate. (1/716)

We describe a surgical technique for ankle arthrodesis using an anterior approach to the ankle and internal fixation with an anteriorly-placed AO T plate. A total of 33 patients who had ankle arthrodeses have been followed retrospectively. Thirty-one (94%) of the ankles fused although two patients developed tibial stress fractures. Four patients had a superficial infection which did not prevent union. The surgical technique is simple, easily reproducible and gives excellent clinical results with a high rate of union.  (+info)

Evaluation of the allograft-prosthesis composite technique for proximal femoral reconstruction after resection of a primary bone tumour. (2/716)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and functional outcomes resulting from the allograft-composite technique used for proximal femoral osteoarticular reconstruction in patients who had limb salvage surgery for primary bone tumours. DESIGN: A retrospective review of a prospectively gathered database to provide a descriptive study. SETTING: A tertiary care musculoskeletal oncology unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Patients treated between 1987 and 1993 were eligible for inclusion in this study if they met the following criteria: they were treated surgically for a primary malignant bone tumour; and a proximal femoral allograft-implant composite technique was used for the reconstruction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Major postoperative complications with emphasis on mechanical complications in the reconstructive composite implant. Functional outcome in a subset of patients using the 1987 and 1994 versions of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society instrument, the Short-Form-36 and the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score. RESULTS: There were 5 mechanical and 2 infectious complications requiring surgical intervention. Functional scores were generally low. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the perceived benefits of the composite technique may accrue only to a few patients, partly owing to the risk of mechanical complications. Although these can be reduced by avoiding the use of cement in the host femur, the generally poor functional outcomes suggest that this technique needs to be studied further in this group of patients and compared with other reconstructive techniques, particularly the prosthetic implant.  (+info)

Hypoglossal nerve injury as a complication of anterior surgery to the upper cervical spine. (3/716)

Injury to the hypoglossal nerve is a recognised complication after soft tissue surgery in the upper part of the anterior aspect of the neck, e.g. branchial cyst or carotid body tumour excision. However, this complication has been rarely reported following surgery of the upper cervical spine. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with tuberculosis of C2-3. She underwent corpectomy and fusion from C2 to C5 using iliac crest bone graft, through a left anterior oblique incision. She developed hypoglossal nerve palsy in the immediate postoperative period, with dysphagia and dysarthria. It was thought to be due to traction neurapraxia with possible spontaneous recovery. At 18 months' follow-up, she had a solid fusion and tuberculosis was controlled. The hypoglossal palsy persisted, although with minimal functional disability. The only other reported case of hypoglossal lesion after anterior cervical spine surgery in the literature also failed to recover. It is concluded that hypoglossal nerve palsy following anterior cervical spine surgery is unlikely to recover spontaneously and it should be carefully identified.  (+info)

Reducing the cervical flexion tear-drop fracture with a posterior approach and plating technique: an original method. (4/716)

Flexion tear-drop fractures (FTDF) in the cervical spine constitute a highly unstable condition with a high incidence of neurological complications due to posterior displacement of the fractured vertebra in the spinal canal. The widely accepted surgical management for this condition includes complete excision and grafting of the vertebral body through an anterior approach. Thorough radiological and CT analysis of FTDF shows that the vertebral body is often separated into two parts by a sagittal plane fracture, but remains continuous through the pedicle and anterior arch of the vertebral foramen with the lateral mass and the articular processes. We therefore hypothesized that reduction would be possible by acting on the articular process through a posterior approach with a particular plating technique. Eight patients with FTDF were operated on with the technique we describe. Three had complete tetraplegia, four had incomplete tetraplegia and one was normal. A preoperative CT scan was made in all patients. Local kyphosis, posterior displacement of the vertebral body, and general lordosis in the cervical spine were recorded. In all cases, a satisfactory reduction was achieved on the postoperative radiographs and at the mean follow-up of 18.6+/-12.1 months, with residual posterior displacement being less than 1 mm. No complication occurred. Out of seven neurologically impaired patients, five showed some motor recovery at the latest follow-up. The posterior technique is described, and the rationale and pros and cons are discussed. The study showed that posterior reduction and fixation of flexion tear-drop fracture is not only possible, but permits an accurate restoration of the anatomy of the fractured cervical spine.  (+info)

Stage-related surgery for cervical spine instability in rheumatoid arthritis. (5/716)

Thirty-six consecutive patients with cervical spine instability due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were treated surgically according to a stage-related therapeutic concept. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical results of these procedures. The initial change in RA of the cervical spine is atlanto-axial instability (AAI) due to incompetence of the cranio-cervical junction ligaments, followed by development of a peridontoid mass of granulation tissue. This results in inflammatory involvement of, and excessive dynamic forces on, the lateral masses of C1 and C2, leading to irreducible atlanto-axial kyphosis (AAK). Finally, cranial settling (CS) accompanied by subaxial subluxation (SAS) occurs. According to these three separate pathological and radiological lesions, the patients were divided into three therapeutic groups. Group I comprised 14 patients with isolated anterior AAI, who were treated by posterior wire fusion. Group II comprised 15 patients with irreducible AAK, who were treated by transoral odontoid resection. The fixation was done using anterior plating according to Harms in combination with posterior wire fusion according to Brooks. Group III comprised seven patients with CS and additional SAS, who were treated with occipito-cervical fusion. Pre- and postoperatively, evaluation was performed using the parameters pain (visual analog scale), range of motion (ROM), subjective improvement and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). The neurologic deficit was defined according to the classification proposed by Ranawat. Radiographs including lateral flexion and extension views, and MRI scans were obtained. The average clinical and radiographic follow-up of all patients was 50.7 +/- 19.3 months (range 21-96 months). No perioperative fatality occurred. Postoperative pain was significantly relieved in all groups (P < 0.001). In group II a slight improvement in the HAQ was obtained. In groups I and II the ROM of all patients increased significantly (average gain of motion in group I: 11.3 degrees +/- 7. 8 degrees for rotation; 7.8 degrees +/- 5.6 degrees for bending; average gain of motion in group II: 21.5 degrees +/- 14.0 degrees for rotation; 17.2 degrees +/- 5.5 degrees for bending), while it decreased significantly in group III (10.7 degrees +/- 18.1 degrees for rotation; 6.7 degrees +/- 18.5 degrees for bending). Preoperatively 27 patients had a manifest neurologic deficit. At follow-up four patients remained unchanged, all others improved by at least one Ranawat class. All patients, except one, showed solid bony fusion. According to the significantly improved postoperative subjective self-assessment and the clinical and radiological parameters, transoral plate fixation combined with posterior wire fixation after transoral odontoid resection represents an effective reliable and safe procedure for the treatment of irreducible AAK in rheumatoid arthritis.  (+info)

Evaluation of a new monocortical screw for anterior cervical fusion and plating by a combined biomechanical and clinical study. (6/716)

The purpose of this combined study was to evaluate the stability and safety of a new monocortical screw-plate system for anterior cervical fusion and plating (ACFP) according to Caspar in comparison with classical bicortical fixation. In the biomechanical part of the study two groups, each comprising six fresh human cadaveric spines (C4-C7), matched for bone mineral density, additionally resulting in almost the same mean age, were used. Range of motion and neutral zone were analyzed in flexion-extension, rotation (left, right) and lateral bending (left, right) using pure moments of +/- 2.5 Nm for each specimen in the intact state, after discectomy at C5/6 and after discectomy at C 5/6 followed by bone grafting plus plating (Caspar plates), with either monocortical or bicortical screws. For all three motion planes, no significant difference could be found between the new monocortical and the bicortical fixation techniques. The clinical part of the study was performed as a prospective study on 30 patients suffering from symptomatic degenerative cervical disc disease in one segment. At the latest follow-up, no hardware- or graft-related complications were seen in any of the patients. Following these findings monocortical screw fixation can be recommended for the majority of anterior cervical fusion and plating procedures in degenerative disease, making the procedure quicker, easier, and safer. Bicortical screw fixation still has specific indications for multilevel stabilization, poor bone quality (osteoporosis, rheumatoid disease - as bicortical oversized rescue screw), unstable spines (trauma, tumour) and in particular for the realignment of kyphotic deformities (restoration of the normal lordotic curve). Due to the design of the study the results apply only to surgical treatment of monosegmental degenerative disc disease at the time.  (+info)

Tricortical cervical inter-body screw fixation. (7/716)

A new tricortical method of screw implantation for anterior cervical interbody plate fixation is described. The screws are placed obliquely such that they engage the anterior cortex of the body and traverse through the cortices adjoining the disc space. By this method the screws not only hold the plate firmly with a tricortical purchase, but by virtue of their course stabilize the two adjoining vertebral bodies by themselves. Sixteen patients were treated by this method. In three of these cases only tricortical screws without the metal plate were used for fixation. The advantages of the technique are discussed.  (+info)

Atlantoaxial dislocation associated with stenosis of canal at atlas. (8/716)

Three rare cases of stenosis of spinal canal at the level of atlas associated with atlantoaxial dislocation are presented. An atlantoaxial lateral mass fixation with plate and screws after posterior midline bony decompression was successfully performed in these cases.  (+info)

Background: Comminuted fractures happen frequently due to traumas. Fixation without opening the fracture site,known as minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), has recently become prevalent. This study has beendesigned to assess the outcomes of this treatment for tibial and femoral comminuted fractures.Methods: A total of 60 patients with comminuted femoral or tibial fractures were operated with MIPO method in thiscross-sectional study at Alzahra university hospital in 2015. Eleven patients were excluded due to lack of adequatefollow-ups. Patientsdata including union time; infection in the fractured site; hip and knee range of motion; and anymalunion or deformities like limb length discrepancy were collected after the surgery in every session.Results: Among 32 femoral and 17 tibial fractures, union was completed in48 patients, while only one patient withfemoral fracture had nonunion. The mean union time was 18.57±2.42 weeks. Femur fractures healed faster than tibia(17.76±2.36 compared to 19±2
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a top surface.. FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a bottom surface.. FIG. 3 is a top view of a bone plate system extender plate.. FIG. 4 is a left end view of an extender plate.. FIG. 5 is a right end view of an extender plate.. FIG. 6 is a right side view of a bone plate system extender plate.. FIG. 7 is a left side view of a bone plate system extender plate.. FIG. 8 is a bottom view of a bone plate system extender plate; and,. FIG. 9 is an alternate embodiment of a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a top surface.. ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Surface properties of Indonesian-made narrow dynamic compression plates. AU - Dewo, P.. AU - Sharma, P.K.. AU - van der Tas, H.F.. AU - van der Houwen, E.B.. AU - Timmer, M.. AU - Magetsari, R.. AU - Busscher, H.J.. AU - van Horn, J.R.. AU - Verkerke, G.J.. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. M3 - Conference contribution. SN - 978-1-61567-080-2. VL - 4. SP - 2182. EP - 2182. BT - 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008. PB - Curran Associates Inc.. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Long-term follow-up of forearm bone diaphyseal plating. AU - Mih, A. D.. AU - Cooney, W. P.. AU - Idler, R. S.. AU - Lewallen, D. G.. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - A retrospective review of 175 patients treated with forearm bone plating for acute diaphyseal fractures, nonunions, and malunions was undertaken to identify problems related to plate removal as opposed to plate retention. One hundred thirteen patients retained their forearm plates, of which five patients experienced complications related to the plate, including infection, bone failure, plate failure, and loosening. Patients retaining forearm bone plates reported minimal discomfort or functional limitation. Sixty-two patients had plate removal at an average of 19 months after insertion. Ten patients suffered major complications, including seven refractures through screw holes, osteotomy, or original fracture sites. Fractures occurred at an average of six months after plate removal. The difference in complication rates ...
Introduction: The aim of this study was to report the surgical management and to discuss the options for fracture fixation in an adult patient with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) who sustained a trochanteric femoral fracture after a simple fall from standing position. Case Report: As a result of multiple fractures during childhood, this adult patient with OI presented with a short stature. The radiographs revealed a displaced, intertrochanteric fracture with subtrochanteric extension of the left femur. The intramedullary canal was narrow, the femur presented with a severe bowing deformity, and the bone quality was poor. The implant of choice was plating using the reversed less invasive stabilisation system-distal femur (LISS-DF) technique. This technique was introduced for the management of subtrochanteric fractures in the elderly with poor bone stock. In addition, a locking plate attached to the LISS-DF allowed for additional screw placement at the apex of the curvature of the femur although the plate
we made a longitudinal incision 1 cm lateral to the tibial crest, expose the fracture, and retract the muscles laterally. After determining the length of plate, we used bending instruments to contour the plate to the anatomy then threaded plate holders used to position the plate on the bone. After that we placed the drill guide at the edge of the dynamic compression unit (DCU) portion of the plate hole without applying pressure and tightening of the cortex screws results in dynamic compression. We verified the screw position with a guide wire before insertion and then inserted the locking screw ...
Broad LCD Compression Plates Manufacturer exporter Supplier Delhi India - Best Orthopaedic is a famous Manufacturer exporter & Supplier of Small LCD Compression Plates in Delhi India.
Background: Diaphyseal humeral injuries account for 3 5% of all injuries. Treatment option varies from conservative cast and brace to internal fixation with plate and screws and intramedullary nailing. Among all options, plate osteosynthesis remains the gold standard for the operative fixation of humeral shaft fractures. In present series we have studied operative result of two different techniques in terms of operative difficulties, functional outcome and complications. Methods: Study was conducted over a period of three years on thirty patients with closed acute humeral shaft fracture requiring operative interventions. In all patients, an AO 4.5 mm dynamic compression plate or Locking Compression Plate was used through anterior approach in 15 patients and posterior approach in 15 patients. Post-operatively regular follow up done and during each follow up radiological and functional outcome evaluated. Result: In all patients fracture united in mean weeks of 13.5. Mean shoulder flexion 1590 , ...
February 7, 2008 - A new internally dynamized anterior cervical plating system, the Kinetic-SL, by Life Spine received 510(k) marketing clearance by the FDA, according to the company. The plate, with a thin profile and a narrow plate width (16mm), was created from the clinical need to address small stature patients, according to Life Spine. Like the original Kinetic, Kinetic-SL features 0-2mm of fully adjustable internal dynamization per level and an ultra slim pre- lordosed profile. Plate sizes range from 21mm to 111mm, in levels one to five. The Kinetic design allows for generous screw angulation, as well as a large graft window. Like the companys Neo-SL plate, an integrated lock allows bone screws to be securely fixated without any additional locking components. The self-retaining screw capture mechanism prevents screw backout, while still allowing screw angulation.. For more information: ...
Laser Spine Institute offers minimally invasive stabilization surgery to treat the source of instability-related pain and symptoms.
Listings in C-Arms, Anterior Cervical Plating System, Software, Bone Cement, Implants, Surgery Equipment / Accessories, Body Belts and Caspar Cervical...
Listings in C-Arms, Anterior Cervical Plating System, Exercise Equipment, Bone Cement, Implants, Body Belts, Caspar Cervical Retractor (CCR) and Docum...
Best Orthopaedic is a well-known Manufacturer Exporter & Supplier of Broad Self Compression Plates in Delhi, Broad Self Compression Plates Exporter , Broad Self Compression Plates Supplier Delhi, Broad Self Compression Plates Manufacturing & Export company in India.
Global Anatomical Locking Compression Plate Market Professional Survey Report 2017 Purchase This Report by calling at +1-888-631-6977.. This market report is a thorough analysis of the existing situation and the anticipated condition for Anatomical Locking Compression Plate market. Investigation for gathering the content for this report is done in depth and meticulously. Present scenarios, past progress, global recognition and future prospects of the global market is offered in this report. Main strategies, market shares, products of the companies and investments in this market is also mentioned in detail.. Compressive outline of global Anatomical Locking Compression Plate market depending on key factors and segmentations such as end users, applications, regions and products is elaborated. Estimated revenue and volume growth of the market over the mentioned forecast period of 2017 to 2022 is also explained in detail. Former and current state of shares of the major key ...
China Proximal Tibial Lateral Locking Compression Plate LCP, Find details about China Orthopedic Locking Plate, LCP Plate from Proximal Tibial Lateral Locking Compression Plate LCP - Suzhou Gemmed Medical Instrument Co., Ltd.
China Tibial Platform Locking Compression Plate LCP, Find details about China Orthopedic Locking Plate, Tibial LCP Plate from Tibial Platform Locking Compression Plate LCP - Suzhou Gemmed Medical Instrument Co., Ltd.
Comparative study of functional outcome of dynamic compression plating with intramedullary interlocking nailing in close fracture shaft of humerus in adults
This procurement specification covers inserts made from A286 alloy of the type identified under the Unified Numbering System as UNS S66286 which have non-locking internal threads and integrated locking keys to positively secure the insert against rotation when properly installed in threaded hole
MecArmy EK3RT Titanium Non-locking EDC Pocket Folding Knife 1096510966 *After a long time test and human touch design, total length control at 164.7mm, a good size for carry, get recognized and affirm for everyday carry. *Unique handle made, exquisite and compact, lightweight grip, available for DIY. *Uses M390 powder steel for Blade, hardness 50~60HRC. *The whole knife assembly by 14 parts, each parts completed by multiple procedure. *Water-drop hollowed-out design for Blade for
Buyers Products Junior Flush Mount Rectangular Non-Locking Paddle Latch has a shut-and-go design and is ideal for daily use on smaller applications.
DePuy Synthes Spine* announced it is expanding its collaboration with Brainlab through the worldwide launch of navigation-ready instrumentation for its leading spine systems, and an exclusive global agreement to co-market Airo® Mobile Intraoperative CT by Brainlab.
100% Export Oriented Unit of Locking Plate System - Lateral Tibial Locking Plate 6.5 Left And Right, LCP Reconstruction Plate (Dynamic Hole), Lateral Tibial Locking Plate Left And Right and Proximal Humerus Locking Plate (Type 1) offered by Consopharma Plus, New Delhi, Delhi.
Detailed step by step desription of ORIF - Compression plating for Wedge fracture, intact wedge located in our module on Tibial shaft
Improve your fracture case economics with competitively priced, state-of-the-art fracture fixation implants from Acumed. Your Acumed rep doesnt just pr
The SKYLINE® Hybrid Anterior Cervical Plate System optimized visualization while instilling the confidence afforded through a proven locking technology.
A two-and-half-year-old cow was presented with a defect nonunion of the right metatarsal III/IV bone following a severely comminuted open fracture two months previously. The animal underwent open fixation using a 4.5 mm, broad, 10-hole, dynamic compression plate and autogenous cancellous bone graft collected from the contralateral iliac shaft. The animal started partial weight bearing after the third postoperative day and resumed complete weight bearing after the 10th day. Fracture healing was complete and the implants were removed after the 120th postoperative day. ...
Patients who qualified the inclusion criteria wereallocated in two groups. The group allocation wasdone on the basis of computerized simple random sampling. All the patientsincluded in this study was treated by operative intervention.. The proceduredone was open reduction and fixation of the fracture by two 3.5 mm anatomicallocking plates. The construct of the plate was either parallel orperpendicular. Patients in Group A were treated by parallel plate construct andof Group B by perpendicular plate construct. The 3.5-mm pre-contouredanatomical plate made up of stainless steel was used in this study.. For allpatients, computed tomography (CT) with 3D reconstruction was donepreoperatively to identify comminution and to locate fracture fragmentsaccurately to be fixed. Preoperative conventional radiograph of elbow in twoorthogonal plain was also done.Surgical technique: All procedures were performed under general anaesthesia with brachialor axillary block for postoperative pain relief. After ...
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Looking for bone plate? Find out information about bone plate. see electron tube electron tube, device consisting of a sealed enclosure in which electrons flow between electrodes separated either by a vacuum or by an... Explanation of bone plate
ACE ORTHO CARE PVT. LTD. based in New Delhi, India is a manufacturer, supplier and exporter of Angle Blade Plates at the best price.
Learn more on the 1.5 mm LCP® Modular Mini Fragment System by DePuy Synthes, with a variety of plate styles to address a range of small bone fractures.
GPC Medical - Indias largest manufacturer and supplier of non-locking large fragment plating system including angle blade plates, condylar plates, buttress plates, DHS plates, DCS plates, dynamic self compression plates etc. Get a free catalog now.
Like my testicle dessert plate? Created using real human tissues, these bone china histology dessert plates are available in 4 different human tissue designs: Testicle, Liver, Thyroid, and Esophagus. nice! #51571 problem! ...
Detailed step by step desription of Open reduction; plate fixation for 32-D/4.1 Complete transverse, simple located in our module on Femoral shaft
Welcome to the DePuy Synthes companies eModel App. It allows you to interactively view 3D bone models. Freely rotate and zoom the model via simple touch control, navigate between different pre-set vie
Johnson & Johnsontapped its war chest andagreed to buy the Swiss-American orthopedic device maker Synthes for $21.3 billion in cash and stock. The deal, which
|b||/b||br||div|DePuy Synthes Companies of Johnson & Johnson is recruiting for an Extremity Sales Specialist in the South Region. States that the individual can be
Internal Bore Grinding Machines mainly consists of bridge plate, feed sliding plate, drive motor of grinding wheel spindle, etc. the bridge plate is fixed on the right of lathe bed. The feed nut is fixed at the bottom of the sliding plate. The gap between it and screw rod is automatically eliminated by two long tension springs under the bridge plate. The tension of drive belt of grinding wheel ...
SAMAY SURGICAL - Manufacturer & Supplier of Locking Plate Orthopedic Implants,DHS Plate,Locking Plates,Locking Compression Plate,Surgical Locking Plates,locking attachment plate,Orthopedic Locking Plates,Reconstruction plates orthopedics,Locking T Buttress Plate, India
Overall Height: 9.5 Wheel Size: 8 Installation Information: Mounting Hardware is NOT included. Part Number: 973837638 Tolerance / Variance: Tolerance [ ± 1/64 ] Size: 8 Diameter x 2 Wide Wheel Color: Blue Caster Type / Finish: Zinc Plated UPC: 705332863377 Feature: (04) 4 x 4-1/2 Square Plate (1200# Cap.) (Blue) T
Manufacturer of Maxillofacial Implants - 3 Dimensional Bone Plates Square Segments, 3 Dimensional Bone Plates Rectangular Segments, Mini Bone Plates Continuous Holes 2.5mm and T Shape Plates With Bar 2.0mm offered by Apothecaries Sundries Mfg. Co., New Delhi, Delhi.
A spinal disc prosthesis comprises an upper flat rigid plate, a lower flat rigid plate, and a flat elastomeric core interposed between said plates and adhered to the plates. A plurality of spaced-apar
A storage rack entry vehicle for transporting loads of substantial weight in a warehousing system includes a plurality of wheels spaced from each other in the direction of both the length and the width of the vehicle and which support the vehicle for movement upon rails. The vehicle also includes an elevatable platform which supports the loads on the vehicle and distributes the load weight to locations adjacent each of the wheels. A rigid plate connects both the wheels and the load supports. However, this rigid plate is sufficiently flexible such that the plate flexes to maintain all of the wheels in continuous contact with the rails where one of the rails may vary in elevation such that at least one of the wheels might otherwise move out of contact with the rail surface.
A hand held tool for crimping a stent onto a balloon of a catheter is disclosed. The stent crimping tool is operated in one hand by squeezing two plates together while simultaneously displacing the plates linearly to crimp and roll the stent held between the plates. Specifically, the crimping tool includes a base plate with two bosses through which respective pins pass linking the base plate to a compression plate. The compression plate has elongated diameter openings at opposite sides thereof to receive the pins. With the elongated diameter openings, the compression plate can pivot at the pins and translate linearly relative to those pins thus enabling the rolling action during the crimping process. A compression profile pad and a tapered profile pad are attached to the crimping areas of the plates to grip and together apply pressure to the uncrimped stent held therebetween. The pads may include specific contours in order to impart a desired profile to the crimped stent.
My small 8 1/2 pound Pomeranian ate olive pits when a guest put their plate on the ground. I am worried if this will - Answered by a verified Veterinarian
Care guide for Hardware Removal. Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
PURPOSE: Locking plate osteosynthesis has become the preferred method for operative treatment of clavicle fractures. The method offers stable fixation, and would theoretically be associated with a low rate of fracture-related complications and reoperations. However, this remains to be explored in a large cohort, and our purpose was to assess the overall rates of complications and reoperations following locking plate osteosynthesis of mid-shaft clavicle fractures. METHODS: We identified all locking plate osteosynthesis of mid-shaft clavicle fractures operated upon in our department from January 2008 to November 2010 (n = 114). Nine patients did not attend the follow-up at our institution. The study group of 105 fractures (104 patients, 86 males) had a median age of 36 years (14-75 years). Follow-up ranged from 0.5 to 3.5 years. No patients were allowed to load the upper extremity for six weeks. By studying patient files and radiographic material, we assessed complications and reoperations. ...
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PURPOSE: Patients with neuro-orthopaedic disorders often develop hip flexion contractures or rotational hip deformities. Increasing deformities impair the already diminished walking abilities and proximal femoral osteotomies are often performed to maintain/improve walking abilities. Fixation of the osteotomies with condylar plates has been successfully used but does often not allow immediate postoperative full weight bearing. To avoid a substantial postoperative rehabilitation deficit and additional bone loss due to inactivity, a postoperative treatment with full weight bearing is, therefore, wishful. Newer fixed-angled implants with stronger anchoring in osteopenic bone might fit these demands. The objective of this study was to evaluate bone healing and the complication rate after proximal extending and/or derotational femoral osteotomy fixed with 3.5/4.5 Locking Compression Plate (LCP; Synthes(®)) and postoperative full weight bearing in ambulatory neuro-orthopaedic patients ...
A brief history of veterinary locking plates applications -- Section I : Principles of locking plate application. Pitfalls of locking plate applications -- The biology of locking plate applications -- Dynamic compression vs. Locking plating: is one better? A review of biomechanical principles and in vitro testing -- Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis -- Section II : Principles of locking plate applications in large animals. Principles of locking plate applications in large animals -- Section III : Current veterinary locking plate instrumentation and implants. The advanced locking plate system (ALPS) -- The Fixin implant system -- The liberty lock system -- The Polyaxial (PAX) Advanced Locking System -- The string of pearls (SOP) system -- The Synthes locking compression plate (LCP) system -- Section IV : Trauma applications. Appendicular skeletal fractures. Humerus fractures -- Radius/ulna fractures -- Femur fractures -- Axial skeletal fractures. Tibia fractures -- Pelvic fractures -- ...
Spine Surgery - C6-7 Anterior Cervical Discectomy (Diskectomy) and Spinal Fusion with Synthes Plate. Shows a posteriorly herniated C6-7 intervertebral (vertebral) disc. Surgical steps: 1. Surgeon makes an incision in the neck; 2. Removing the damaged disc tissue using pituitary rongeurs; 3. Harvesting a bone graft from the right iliac crest; 4 Placing the bone graft between the endplates of C6 and C7; and 5. Securing the synthes plate between the vertebrae using four screws.
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The patient is a 24-year-old male from Vandavasi in Tamil Nadu, India. He had developed a left lower jaw swelling around two years ago and visited a local hospital. Tests had been performed by an oral surgeon at the hospital. The patient had then been diagnosed with ameloblastoma of the left mandible. A left partial mandibulectomy had been performed followed by reconstruction with a rib graft and reconstruction plate. The patient had been left with a severe facial asymmetry with the right side of the mandible being longer than the left. This had depressed the patient to a degree that he refused to go outside. His career had suffered as a result and this alarmed his worried parents.. They had consulted with the oral surgeon again who realized the severity of the problem. The parents and the patient were informed that this could be addressed only at a specialist oral and maxillofacial surgery hospital. He had then referred them to our hospital for management of the patients facial ...
Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) involves the implementation of implants to guide the healing process of a bone, as well as the open reduction, or setting, of the bone. Open reduction refers to open surgery to set bones, as is necessary for some fractures. Internal fixation refers to fixation of screws and/or plates, intramedullary bone nails (femur, tibia, humerus) to enable or facilitate healing. Rigid fixation prevents micro-motion across lines of fracture to enable healing and prevent infection, which happens when implants such as plates (e.g. dynamic compression plate) are used. Open Reduction Internal Fixation techniques often are used in cases involving serious fractures such as comminuted or displaced fractures or, in cases where the bone otherwise would not heal correctly with casting or splinting alone. Risks and complications may include bacterial colonization of the bone, infection, stiffness and loss of range of motion, non-union, mal-union, damage to the muscles, nerve ...
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Internal, extramedullary osteosynthesis of distal femoral fractures which are focussed on in this study has been influenced by interesting developments in recent years. Driven by unsatisfying complication rates new fracture treatments have been looked for. Osteosynthesis materials, reduction techniques, techniques of implant placement and implants themselves - where development went to angular stable systems - have changed decisively. This study analyzes in a retrospective setting distal femoral fractures which were treated between 1.1.1995 and 31.9.2000 either with an internal fixator (LISS) or with conventional plate osteosynthesis. In this study 51 patients with 54 distal femoral fractures could be included. The Infection rate was non significantly lower in the LISS group (0% versus 11,1%), the rate of delayed union was non significantly higher. The only delayed union in the LISS group which needed secondary surgical intervention was seen in a patient with considerate bone loss which was not ...
Orthopaedic Instruments for Bone Screws & Plates for Vet surgeries. DLC is your Australian vet supply specialist. Browse online today.
Slow cooker - The present invention is a slow cooker. It has a housing, a container disposed in a hollow body of the housing, a lid and a sealing ring which sealingly engage the lid and the container. The container has a rim which is securely disposed with an engaging means for engaging with the lid. The engaging means comprises a movable member and an upper stationary member securely disposed on the rim of the container. The upper stationary member has an upper surface which is disposed with a sliding plate for the movable member to move thereon. The sliding plate has a limiting end surface atop for limiting movement of the movable member. A space is formed between the limiting end surface and the sliding plate for a tongue of the movable member to pass through. The movable member is disposed on the sliding plate of the upper stationary member. The tongue of the movable member passes through the space of the upper stationary member to press onto the lid, and the movable member is secured onto ...
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (PCCP) Associate Editor Professor Seong Keun Kim, an expert in the field of biophysics and biophysical chemistry, has picked some of his favourite articles recently published in this area in PCCP.. You can read these articles for free for a limited period by clicking on the links below.. Publishing work of the highest quality in the broad fields of physical chemistry, chemical physics and biophysical chemistry, PCCP is the ideal place to publish your research.. Be among the first to hear about the newest articles being published in PCCP - sign up to receive our free table of contents e-alerts.. Read Professor Kims Editors choice selection for free today:. Perspectives. Mitochondrial biofuel cells: expanding fuel diversity to amino acids ...
Plates are used in arthrodesis, which is the surgical or artificially-induced method of ossifying two or more fragments of bone together. There are various sizes and shapes for plate devices, as they are manufactured to adapt to different anatomies. Once fracture healing is complete, a follow-up surgery may be required to remove the device from the patients body. Some countries have very high plate removal rates, yet in other countries such as the U.K., plates are only removed when a patient complains of irritation or pain. ...
Inquire Cranio-maxillofacail Osteosynthesis system: Mandible titanium plate: 1) 1.0mm thickness; 2) 22.1mm length; 3) 14.6mm width; 4) 4 holes; 5)... ,,, Ningbo Cibei Medical Treatment Appliance Co.,Ltd (Zhejiang ...
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: The authors present their initial multicenter experience in the surgical management of 1-level degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine with anterior cervical discectomy and fusions (ACDF) u
Recently Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies, through the DePuy Synthes franchise, announced the U.S. launch of DYNACORD Suture on HEALIX ADVANCE Anchors to repair soft tissue, such as the rotator cuff (shoulder). The new announcement prompted Medical Device News Magazine to interview Rodrigo Diaz, MD Medical Director for DePuy Synthes. Dr. Diaz elaborated on the innovation of DYNACORD Suture.
According to the present invention, spinal stabilization systems are supplemented with a diagnostically opaque material to enable the diagnostic recognition of the components of these systems. These spinal stabilization systems may comprise one or more flexible spacers, and one or more elastic cords, either or both of which may comprise a diagnostically opaque material. Additional spinal stabilization systems are contemplated.
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Jindal Medi Surge Pediatric Orthopedic Locking Plate System is designed for stable fixation of varus, valgus or rotational osteotomies and trauma applications in pediatric orthopaedics and is designed to meet the specific requirements of pediatric orthopaedic surgery. The Pediatric LCP Plate system offers a wide range of locking compression plates along with a surgical technique specifically developed for the pediatric patient. The Pediatric LCP Plates have a universal design for the left and right femur. The head of the plate features threaded holes for locking screws that either angle into the femoral neck or angle parallel to the growth plate in the distal femur in place of the traditional angled blade. Plate shafts feature limited-contact profiles and Combi holes. The Combi hole combines a dynamic compression unit hole with a locking screw hole. Combi holes provide the choice of axial compression and locking capability throughout the length of the plate shaft. All implants are made from ...
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System, including apparatus and methods, for fixing bone with a bone plate supported temporarily at a slant on bone by a leg member before the bone plate is used as a lever to reposition a region of the bone. In some embodiments, the leg member may be a post member that attaches to the bone plate by threaded engagement with an aperture of the bone plate. In some embodiments, the bone plate and the leg member may be used near the end of a long bone, such as on a distal portion of a radial bone.
AccessGUDID - Piccolo Composite Plate System (07290109334523)- Non-locking screw for use with distal fibula and 1/3 tubular plates
Principle of Screw and Plate Fixation & Mechanical Behavior of Implant Materials. Roles of Implants. Add stability Fracture fixation A plate used after osteotomy Replace damaged or diseased part Total joint replacement Healing stimulants. Advantages of Internal Fixation. No...
A set of plates designed specifically for the left and right sides is available. There are 4 types of the plates for the left side and 4 for the right side in total. The individual plates differ from each other by the number of holes and by their design. The design of the plate and the modified mechanical properties of the material allow its shaping. The plates are made of the implant steel according to ISO 5832-1, the thickness of the plates is about 3 mm. Reductions are made between the holes for easier bending when shaping them. The plates are provided with holes with countersunk for the bone screw heads allowing the fixation of the plate to the bone. The fixtures are also provided with holes and they allow the plate to be secured in the second plane after their shaping. The plates are available in the basic, ILIAC, LONG and MAXI versions. All of these types are in the left and right designs. The oval-shaped holes with the special design for an easy insertion of the screw with up to 45 ° ...
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Problem statement: Youngs modulus and interfragmentary strain (εIF) are the important parameters in bone-plate testing and design. But Youngs modulus is not suitable when we use with εIF in the bone-plate testing. Approach: This research proposed a study on the Interfragmentary Modulus (IM) as the new parameter for the bone-plate testing. Results: The results from the FEM show that the relations of the interfragmentary stress (σIF) and interfragmentary strain are linear for all cases with the condition of the DCP and the screws material properties are linear and isotropic materials. Conclusion: IM are the constant values and we can use IM in the bone-plate testing.. ...
Today, DePuy Synthes*, in collaboration with LifeNet Health , launches ViviGen Formable Cellular Bone Matrix**, a second generation cellular allograft used to assist in the formation
The software PreOPlan allows the surgeon to precisely analyze a bone fracture using a digital X-ray image of the patient: The surgeon can segment the fracture on the screen, measure it and then reassemble the fracture point in the anatomically correct position. All suitable implants for the respective anatomical region are suggested automatically by a database with bone implants from Synthes. The surgeon can call up information about the implants (length, inclination, size, or material) directly on the X-ray image. Once the surgeon has decided for an implant, PreOPlan automatically presents a selection of implants that are required additionally, such as screws for fixing. The surgeon then can make his selection. Overall, the planning of a routine surgery with PreOPlan only takes a few minutes.. Subsequently, the planning documents are summarized in a final report. This contains the planning images that the surgeon can use for orientation during surgery, as well as a material list for the ...
DePuy Synthes Inc - Product Pipeline Analysis, 2017 Update Size and Share Published in 2017-08-04 Available for US$ 750 at
what kinds of ahces and pains can a stroke suffer expect sfter undergoing a craniolplasty involving the insertion of a titanium plate?
New Custom Photo Etched Titanium Plates from PEI Offer Exact Channel Repetition - Jan 16, 2019 - PEI - Photofabrication Engineering Inc.
Implants for fracture and/or osteotomy fixation are often tested according to basic mechanical test models such as open gap tests or 4-point-bending tests. These may be suitable to test and compare different implants for safety and clinical approval, but are not always representative of the post-operative situation, which is decisive when it comes to bone healing. In the current study the Knee Expert Group of the Association for the Study of Internal Fixation has compared the available open gap test results of the latest version of the TomoFix Medial Distal Femoral Plate and the antecedent plate design, with the test results of a more physiological and life-like test model. In the open gap test model the antecedent plate design was found to have superior stiffness and fatigue strength. In the current study simulated postoperative conditions for medial closing wedge supracondylar osteotomies were used. The constructs were subjected to cyclical axial and torsional loading and were subsequently tested to
An anterior spinal fixation device which provides an anterior lumbar and cervical fusion fixation system which has numerous advantages over existing anterior, posterior and lateral implant systems. An
40 year old. male with history of falling off a truck while doing some work had complained of low back pain, muscle spasm, hand and feet numbness, and neck pain since the time of the action. Patient underwent C5-6 and C6-7 anterior cervical discectomy with fusion using anterior plating.. ...
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GPC narrow animal orthopedic bone plate implant for veterinary surgery. Made of strong stainless steel. Bone plates are FDA approved. Size 3-12 holes.
Alphatec Spine Trestle Anterior Cervical Plate System This is a Set #2, includes 2 Variable Angle Screw Caddies. Good Condition. SELLER DISCLAIMER: Regardless of the origin of the equipment, documentation provided or identification appearing upon the equipment, the equipment described and offered here is in no wa
A spinal fixation system and method for mechanically fusing a skull and a portion of a spine are described. In an embodiment, the fixation system includes a plate, connecting members for attaching the
We manufacture a select range of Titanium Plates. We hold limited stocks but can produce most plates on request. ONLY use Titanium Screws with these Plates.
Holland, C. T. (1901). Description of Plates: Plate CXIV.(a): Bone in the Right Elbow. Archives of the Roentgen Ray. 5(4), 105- ... Holland, C. T. (1904). Description of Plate: Plate I: The Left and Right Kidney Regions: Plate A.(the Left) shows the Shadow of ... Plate CXVII.(b) and (c). Archives of the Roentgen Ray. 5(4), 106-106. Holland, C. T. (1901). Description of Plates: Plate CXX: ... Holland, C. T. (1899). Description of Plates: Plate LXXVII: A Tumour of the Thigh. Archives of the Roentgen Ray. 4(2), 47-47. ...
Larva bone colour, dorsally tinged with red, whiter below; the spiracles black; head glossy, yellowish brown; thoracic and anal ... plates paler. The wingspan is 26 to 30 millimetres (1.0 to 1.2 in). The moth flies from July to August depending on the ...
1911b). "Cranium of a Chimpanzee, showing Metopic Suture; also Fontanelle and Sutural Bone-Plates". Journal of Anatomy and ...
sphenoid sinus (43%). ethmoid bone (29%). cribriform plate (29%). Congenital CSF rhinorrhoea is the least common type of CSF ... Defects are often localized in the sphenoid bone and the ethmoid bone. ... congenital problems with bones of the skull, or inflammation that damages the bones of the skull. If a patient has clear, ... It may be caused by problems in the embryological development of bones of the skull. CSF rhinorrhoea involves drainage of ...
Larva bone-colour; subdorsal line somewhat interrupted, broad, purplish-fuscous; lateral lines similar, but narrower; head ... black; thoracic plate brown. The wingspan is 32-36 mm. Adults are on wing from July to August. The larvae feed internally in ...
Larva dirty bone-colour, with the dark dorsal vessel showing through; the tubercles black; spiracles white in black rings; head ... thoracic, and anal plates brown. The wingspan is 44-50 mm. Adults emerge in August and the beginning of September. The larvae ...
The "Geschickter tumor", a bone tumor found on the femur or humerus that is often malignant, is named after him. A partial list ... Geschickter, Charles F.; Cannon, Albert (1963). Central Nervous System: Illustrated with 293 Plates. Lippincott. Retrieved 2013 ... After their internship, Bloodgood invited both men to study bone tumors in his surgical pathology laboratory. In 1929 they were ... Geschickter, Charles Freeman; Copeland, Murray Marcus (1949). Tumors of bone. J.B. Lippincott Co. Retrieved 2013-01-02. ...
Their head is armoured with bone plates. The families of this order are generally small, bottom living, and unsuited as food ...
Stone and bone arrowheads, spears and harpoons are richly represented. Armour plates were also used in warfare. Finds of bronze ...
Boning and plating fish; Preparing guacamole in a molcajete; Carving meat or poultry - specifically, carving a whole Peking ...
All cuts are made into the middle of the bone, where bone marrow is present. Then, a chisel is inserted into the pre existing ... The bony segments are stabilized with titanium plates; no fixation (binding of the jaw) necessary. If advancement is indicated ... The word "osteotomy" means the division of bone by means of a surgical cut. The "jaw osteotomy", either to the upper jaw or ... Lastly, if screws were inserted in the jaw, bone will typically grow over them during the two to three month healing period. ...
Decorative plates made of animal bones, painted ceramics. In addition, Phrygian, Achaemenid and possibly one Elamite stamp seal ...
Almost everything was re-used: old corks were sold to wine-merchants; orange peels were sold to distillers; bones were used to ... It was pulled by two horses and was equipped with a driver and conductor dressed in royal blue uniforms with silver-plated ... The leftovers were sorted and put on plates; and any that looked acceptable were sold. Some leftovers were reserved for pet ... foods; old bones were collected to make bouillon; uneaten bread crusts from schools and restaurants were used to make croutons ...
The lamellar often consisted of bronze, iron, bone, or stiffened leather; plates were always of iron, steel, or bronze. The ... Mail shirt with metal plates attached, Goryeo, 14th c. Mail and plate armor and helmet. Armor from the Joseon dynasty can be ... bone or wood. The earliest findings of iron armour were from Gaya and Goguryeo, while bone armour could be found in Baekje. ... These Gaya-style plate armors are categorized into three types- one is made by joining vertical steel bands to form a single ...
A growth plate fracture may also stimulate growth, causing a longer bone than the corresponding bone on the other side. ... A Salter-Harris fracture is a fracture that involves the epiphyseal plate (growth plate) of a bone, specifically the zone of ... Most growth plate fractures heal without any lasting effects. Rarely, bridging bone may form across the fracture, causing ... Salter RB, Harris WR (1963). "Injuries Involving the Epiphyseal Plate". J Bone Joint Surg Am. 45 (3): 587-622. doi:10.2106/ ...
"Purported latest bone of a plated dinosaur (Ornithischia: Stegosauria), a "dermal plate" from the Maastrichtian (Upper ... "dermal plate or misinterpreted sauropod bone." Titanosauria indet. - "solitary egg." Troodontidae indet. - "One isolated tooth ...
Brake had plates inserted to stabilise his wrist. Whilst they travelled to 2018 World Rowing Cup II in Linz-Ottensheim, Austria ... Within five days around Easter 2018, both of them broke bones; Brake broke his wrist when he slipped on cobblestones and Murray ... "Men's rowing pair suffer broken bones within days of each other - "the chances are so incredibly slim"". 1 News. 13 June 2018. ...
... the complaints of the patient are mainly gone.During the surgery the two bones will be fixated using K-wires. The use of plates ... To preserve surrounding structures, the trapezium bone will be removed through fragmentation of the bone (the bone will ... A wedged shape bone fragment is removed, causing the distal part of the metacarpal bone to tilt towards its desired position. ... This joint is formed by the trapezium bone of the wrist and the metacarpal bone of the thumb. This is one of the joints where ...
Growth plates are particularly vulnerable to injury compared to bone. Children can have an open medial epicondyle growth plate ... Surgeons want to determine if surgery to restore the natural position of the elbow is better than allowing the bone to heal in ... A medial epicondyle fracture is an avulsion injury to the medial epicondyle of the humerus; the prominence of bone on the ... The debate is whether to realign the displaced bones back into their natural position with surgery, and hold the fragments of ...
suprascapular A bone uniting the shoulder girdle with the skull. suture The line of union of two bones or plates. swimbladder A ... hypural plate The flattened bony plate at the posterior end of the vertebral column, formed from parts of the posterior ... pharyngeal bones Bones behind the gills in the oesophagus or gullet. pharyngeal teeth Teeth within the pharynx. pharynx The ... vomer A bone forming the front part of the roof of the mouth. vomerine teeth Teeth on the vomer. Weberian apparatus An ...
There are 3-4 radiating ridges on the operculum, each ending at its rear with a spine; none of the other opercular bones have ... The three lateral lines do not have any bony plates. The first and second dorsal fins are continuous. The dorsal fins hold 14- ...
The humerus had a boss (bone overgrowth) above the condyle that contacted its hook-shaped radius (forearm bone). Accordingly, ... Its lesser trochanter is markedly plate-like. In the ankle, the astralagus had an ascending process taller than that of ... long bone of the hand) is known; showing a robust morphology (form). In the pelvis, the ilium (main hip bone) was high. The ... frontmost snout bones) and the hind branch of the maxillae (main upper jaw bone). The premaxillae had an upward branch ...
The zygomatic plate is narrow and lacks a zygomatic notch, an extension of the plate at the front. The plate's back margin is ... There are no openings in the mastoid bone. The squamosal bone lacks a suspensory process that contacts the tegmen tympani, the ... The parietal bones form part of the roof of the braincase and, unlike in some other rice rats, also extend to the sides of the ... The nasal bones are short, not extending further back than the lacrimals, and the premaxillaries extend about as far back as ...
Bone scans or CT angiography can be done to assess damage. Blood vessel dilating medications such as iloprost may prevent blood ... There can be longterm ulceration and damage to growth plates. In fourth degree frostbite, structures below the skin are ... Severity may be divided into superficial (1st and 2nd degree) or deep (3rd and 4th degree). A bone scan or MRI may help in ... These include transient or permanent changes in sensation, paresthesia, increased sweating, cancers, and bone destruction/ ...
An epiphyseal line is an epiphyseal plate that has become ossified. The process of it forming from an epiphyseal plate is named ... The epiphyseal line serves no function in the bone, being purely vestigial. However, it serves as an indicator of the boundary ... "Epiphyseal Line/Plate". Earth's Lab. Retrieved 2021-01-22. "Endochondral Ossification - an overview , ScienceDirect Topics". " ...
He had plates inserted into the arm and underwent bone grafts. He eventually made his return to first grade in round 23, ...
Whiskers were also inserted on the side to the bone plates. Unangan headgear makers also added small bone carved figurines to ... Unangan headgear makers would add carved bone plates, also called volutes, to the backs and sides. These plates covered the ... On the sides, makers would add a carved plate near the wearer's temple; it had a long trianglual shape with a rounded circle at ... as well as their ornamentation with bone carvings and sea lion whiskers. Russian and European explorers collected many Unangan ...
Only the tips show and there are no conical bone plates. The 3 lateral caruncles have club-shaped glands that secrete a slime ... This apparatus is primarily composed of a terminating esca or lure supported by an extremely long pterygiophore bone encased in ... Winding muscles control the anterior and posterior movement of the bone, suggesting extension and retraction by rotation. The ...
In 1990, Helmut Allgaeuer replaced the bone plates of the keyboard. In 1993-1994, a new company founded by former choirboys of ...
Hansen survived: his arm was broken; his face was shattered, requiring metal plates to stabilize the bones; and his vision was ...
About half of these sites are landfills and 13 are former plating facilities.[105] ... "Perfluoroalkyl substances and changes in bone mineral density: A prospective analysis in the POUNDS-LOST study". Environmental ... decreased bone mineral density and neurodevelopmental abnormalities.[46][47][48] ... that produce PFASs and other manufacturing facilities that use PFASs for industrial processing like the chrome plating industry ...
It featured a rigid 'high X-bone frame' which Honda claimed improved the vehicle's rigidity and collision safety.[5] The ... In addition to the Ultimate Edition's specification, it features a numbered plaque on the kick-plate indicating which vehicle ... The X-bone frame (yellow) used in the construction of the S2000 chassis ...
I mai 1937 spilte Dizzy Gillespie inn sin første plate. Etter dette flytta han til New York. Her fikk han spille med Cab ... I den spilte Phil Woods saksofon, Cedar Walton piano, Bobby Hutcherson vibrafon, Steve Turre trombone, og Idrettens Hus var «et ...
... but boomerang-like devices have also been made from bones. Modern boomerangs used for sport may be made from plywood or ...
Hecatæus's map describes the earth as a circular plate with an encircling Ocean and Greece in the centre of the world. This was ... The map etched on a mammoth bone at Mezhyrich is c.15,000 years old. ... Herodotus rejected the prevailing view of most 5th-century BC maps that the earth is a circular plate surrounded by Ocean. In ... Plate LXXXI for an image). The map shows 500 settlements and a dozen rivers in China, and extends as far as Korea and India. On ...
The bend makes it difficult for the two plates to move smoothly past one another, and mountains were raised as a result. ... and firm identification may require examination of their pubic bones, but the Lodgepole chipmunk has brighter white stripes.[17 ...
The band released their debut single "VHF855V" (the tile coming from the number plate of NJ's Ford Escort) on their manager ... Cream EP (1. Cream Bun 2. Jealousy 3. Brittle Bones 4. Sonic Blue) (1994), Laurel ...
Discharge cavitation in joint fluid is thought to cause the popping sound produced by bone joint cracking, for example by ... Cavitation damage on a valve plate for an axial piston hydraulic pump. ... Ultrasound sometimes is used to increase bone formation, for instance in post-surgical applications.[23] ... Bronze propeller on river barge with an anti-cavitation plate above the prop. ...
The lingual apparatus of hagfish is composed of a cartilage base bearing two teeth-covered plates (dental plate) articulated ... Bone, Quentin; Moore, Richard (2008). Biology of Fishes. Taylor & Francis. pp. 128-. ISBN 978-1-134-18631-0. .. ... The mouth of the hagfish has two pairs of horny, comb-shaped teeth on a cartilaginous plate that protracts and retracts. These ... The group Cyclostomata is characterized by two significant characteristics; keratinous tooth plates and movement of postotic ...
LXX, pages 49-51 Plates 1-3 *^ Carmel Berkson; Wendy Doniger; George Michell (1999). Elephanta: The Cave of Shiva. Princeton ... These typically have wide, circular eyes, carry weapons, have skulls and bones as adornment. These murtis were worshiped by ... A copper plate grant issued during the reign of Nripatungavarman (877 CE) records the gift of certain villages as vidya-bhoga ...
The skin staple remover is a small manual device which consists of a shoe or plate that is sufficiently narrow and thin to ...
The primary mirror of the JWST, the Optical Telescope Element, is composed of 18 hexagonal mirror segments made of gold-plated ... the loss of bone minerals and densities; cardiovascular deconditioning; and decreased endurance and muscle mass.[97] ... Long-term stays in space reveal issues with bone and muscle loss in low gravity, immune system suppression, and radiation ...
The Bobby Bones Show. *Book and Author Luncheon. *Brian and the Judge ... Lick the Plate. *Lino at Large. *Love Phones. M. *The Majority Report with Sam Seder ...
... or artificial bone substitutes-to help the bones heal together.[1] Additional hardware (screws, plates, or cages) is often used ... bone graft or artificial bone substitute is packed between the vertebrae to help them heal together.[1] In general, fusions are ... Bone Regeneration and Repair. Totowa, New Jersey: Humana Press. 2005. pp. 225-239. ISBN 978-0-89603-847-9. ... Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP) should not be routinely used in any type of anterior cervical spine fusion, such as with ...
La liste de parolas de engles basal es produida par Charles K. Ogden. El crea lo como un lingua aidante internasional; el crede ce un forma de engles plu simple ta es aprendeda plu fasil per persones ci no parle engles. Un vicipedia esiste en engles basal: Wikipedia in Simple English. ...
Before the Himalayas were formed by the collision of the Indo-Australian plate with the Eurasian plate 10 million years ago, ... using a flicking motion of the finger to send the small bone flying at targets and trying to knock the target bones off the ... Another very popular activity called Shagaa is the "flicking" of sheep ankle bones at a target several feet away, ...
The Ishango bone is a bone tool, dated to the Upper Palaeolithic era, around 18,000 to 20,000 BC. It is a dark brown length of ... 74: 280-351, 8 Plates.. *. Carswell, John (1993). The South Sea Bubble (Revised ed.). England: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. p. ... The Lebombo bone, dated between 44,200 and 43,000 years old, is a baboon's fibula with 29 distinct notches, discovered within ... The so-called Wolf bone (cs) is a prehistoric artefact discovered in 1937 in Czechoslovakia during excavations at Vestonice, ...
The oldest discovered tools and mammoth bones are 28,000 years old. Continuous settlement dates back to the 8th century. ... Car plate. PO, PV. Website. presov. .sk. Contents. *1 Etymology. *2 Characteristics ...
In 1899, using a barbell with 48 centimetres (19 in) discs (plates), George Hackenschmidt, inventor of the barbell hack squat, ... Distal clavicular osteolysis: bone spur or erosion at the end of the clavicle. Athletes suffering from this condition should ...
5-11, Plate I.. *^ Quekett, John (1848). A Practical Treatise on the use of the Microscope. London: Hippolyte Bailliere. pp. ... Industrial grade diamond knives are used to slice hard materials such as bone, teeth and tough plant matter for both light ... Alternately this design of microtome can also be used for very hard materials, such as bones or teeth, as well as some ceramics ... The saw microtome is especially for hard materials such as teeth or bones. The microtome of this type has a recessed rotating ...
Belew samarbeidde på denne tida mykje med Talking Heads på både plate og turné.[35] Fripp hadde aldri spelt i band i lag med ... Nick Evans - trombone på Lizard og Islands. *Jon Anderson - gjestesolovokal på Lizard (frå Yes) ... å spele noko som høyrdest ut som ei Tin Pan Alley-plate. Om det høyrdest for populært ut, så var det ut. Då det måtte vere ...
Bone/muscle No studies Inhibition of periodontal bone formation; and alveolar wound healing No studies ... on top of an unexposed photographic plate in a drawer and noting that the plate had become "fogged".[33] He determined that a ... Depleted uranium (238U) is used in kinetic energy penetrators and armor plating.[7] Uranium is used as a colorant in uranium ... After entering the bloodstream, the absorbed uranium tends to bioaccumulate and stay for many years in bone tissue because of ...
Sheep buys a bone for Swanky as an anniversary gift, but a dogcatcher (who mistakes Sheep for a dog due to the bone) throws him ... He mentions in one episode that he has a steel plate in his head. In one episode, he also developed the habit of throwing his ... Sheep discovers his talent for spinning plates.. 12. "Mistaken Identi-Sheep!". Sue Perrotto. Joey Mazzarino. July 8, 2001 (2001 ...
Plates include charger plates as well as specific dinner plates, lunch plates, dessert plates, salad plates or side plates. ... Hughes, G. Bernard (George Bernard); Hughes, Therle (1955). English porcelain and bone china. London: Lutterworth Press. ISBN 0 ... dessert plate (8.5 inches) salad plate (7.5 inches); side plate, tea plate (6.75 inches). ... Plates Dinner plate with rolled table napkin; small bread plate above forks.. Glasses Small glass for water, larger one behind ...
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Khormusans developed tools not only from stone but also from animal bones and hematite.[4] They also developed small arrow ...
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The perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone (vertical plate) is a thin, flattened lamina, polygonal in form, which descends ... The anterior border articulates with the spine of the frontal bone and the crest of the nasal bones. The posterior border ... these lead from the medial foramina on the cribriform plate and lodge filaments of the olfactory nerves. Perpendicular plate of ... The surfaces of the plate are smooth, except above, where numerous grooves and canals are seen; ...
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Distraction osteogenesis is a safe and reliable option for managing bone defects of the tibia following major open fractures. ... Dagher F, Roukoz S. Compound tibial fractures with bone loss treated by the Ilizarov technique. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1991;73(2 ... Mekhail AO, Abraham E, Gruber B, Gonzalez M. Bone transport in the management of posttraumatic bone defects in the lower ... a novel intraoperative technical tip for minimizing the docking site malalignment during bone transport for bone loss in ...
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  • The remaining bones, wrappers, or toothpicks can help you skip seconds. (
  • Distraction osteogenesis is a safe and reliable option for managing bone defects of the tibia following major open fractures. (
  • This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at a level 1 tertiary trauma centre consisting of 35 patients with primary bone loss following open tibia fractures. (
  • VLP ◊ MINI-MOD ◊ Small Bone Plating System is a modular mini-fragment system designed to treat small bone fractures and small bone fragments. (
  • GPC Non-Locking Plating System is a comprehensive non-locking system that includes non-locking bone plates and screws of different sizes, for reconstruction and fixation of long & small bone fractures. (
  • XS- and S-Fixation plates of 0.6 mm thickness for treatment of middle phalanx fractures. (
  • M-Fixation plates and M-Compression plates of 1.0 mm thickness for treatment of proximal phalanx fractures and metacarpal IV fractures. (
  • L-Compression plates of 1.3 mm thickness for treatment of metacarpal I-, II-, III-, and V fractures. (
  • Growth Plate Fractures Growth plate fractures occur in areas at the ends of bones. (
  • Growth plate fractures occur only in children and adolescents. (
  • Nonunion of diaphyseal fractures of the humerus are frequently seen in clinical practice (incidence of up to 15% in certain studies) and osteosynthesis using dynamic compression plates, intra medullary nails and Ilizarov fixators have been reported previously. (
  • Jupiter JB, Wyss H. Stable fixation of osteoporotic fractures and nonunions in the upper limb-life before the "locking plate" Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. (
  • Atrophic ununited diaphyseal fractures of the humerus with a bony defect: treatment by wave-plate osteosynthesis. (
  • Segonds JM, Alnot JY, Masmejean E. Aseptic non-union of humeral shaft fractures treated by plating and bone grafting [in French]. (
  • Broken bones (fractures). (
  • Clinical features range from stillbirth without mineralized bone at the severe end to pathologic fractures of the lower extremities in later adulthood at the mild end. (
  • Ilizarov frames are a specific method for healing fractures that are either nonunion (nonhealing) or are purposely created in bone to allow lengthening of the affected bone. (
  • Although the patient that I saw had a disease of the cartilage growth plates, the application of distraction osteogenesis is something that can be used for fractures and for bone lengthening alike. (
  • Given these features, especially with pathological fractures, a well-planned incision, the use of frozen section examination, and the application of either external fixation or plate osteosynthesis for fracture fixation can be recommended. (
  • plaster cast application, use of external fixation devices, intramedullary pinning and bone plating etc. (
  • The techniques applicable for stabilization of radial fracture include intramedullary devices, bone plating and external skeletal fixation in small animals. (
  • The VLP MINI-MOD Small Bone Plating System is indicated for fracture fixation, arthrodesis, reconstruction, replantation or reduction of small bones and small bone fragments. (
  • Other reasons to contour a plate include matching patient anatomy either to maximize fixation options or to reduce implant prominence. (
  • The contour of a plate used for fracture fixation can have an important effect on surgical outcomes. (
  • Locking compression plates (LCP) are useful in the presence of disuse osteoporosis, segmental bone loss and cortical defects that preclude strong fixation. (
  • Fixation using a compression plate and a non-vascularised fibular graft achieves good outcome for infected non-union of the humerus despite prior multiple failed surgeries. (
  • Blade plate fixation of proximal humeral non-unions. (
  • Providing more fixation options in the smaller plates while being aligned with the Matrix concept. (
  • In a distal clavicle fracture, stable fixation can be achieved in many ways, including through combinations of a coracoclavicular screw, Dacron or Mersilene tape, tension banding, a Kirschner wire (K-wire), and clavicular plates. (
  • Osteoarthritic cartilage, in contrast, may be invaded by blood vessels from the subchondral bone. (
  • Children's bones grow from soft areas of cartilage near the ends of bones. (
  • Growth plates (indicated by the pink lines) are areas of cartilage near the ends of long bones, such as the arm and leg bones. (
  • We found that PLF was present primarily in the cellular periosteum, articular cartilage, osteoblasts, osteocytes and osteoclasts at weeks 3 and 6 in all distal bone sites examined. (
  • In the case of long bones such as the femur (the upper leg bone), the periosteum covers the central portion of the bone but -- like a sleeveless vest -- stops short of the cartilage tissue that resides on both ends of the bone (we'll discuss this cartilage in a later section). (
  • Growth plates (also known as epiphyseal plates) are a soft cushion, made from cartilage, located near the ends of a long bone such as a front or rear limb. (
  • When the dog reaches physical maturity, the once soft cartilage gradually calcifies and hardens into a dense and healthy bone. (
  • Indian Hedgehog (IHH) signaling, a key regulator of skeletal development, is highly activated in cartilage and bone tumors. (
  • The cartilage and bone tumors are originated from Prrx1 + lineage cells and express low levels of osteoblast and chondrocyte markers, respectively. (
  • These findings suggest that cartilage/bone tumors arise from their early progenitor cells and identify the Wnt/β-Catenin pathway as a pharmacological target for cartilage/bone neoplasms. (
  • Bone and cartilage tumors are among the most common tumors in the skeleton, often affecting the limbs. (
  • A signaling pathway called Hedgehog signaling is overactive in human cartilage and bone tumors. (
  • but mice do not form tumors when this gene is deleted in their mature cartilage and bone cells. (
  • report that deleting Ptch1 in mesenchymal stem cells, early-stage cells that can give rise to cartilage and bone cells, generates a mouse model for osteosarcoma and cartilage tumors. (
  • The mice with these Ptch1 deficient cells developed tumors with overactive Hedgehog signaling in cartilage and bone. (
  • Treating the mice that had mesenchymal cells lacking Ptch1 with a drug that inhibits Wnt signaling reduced the growth of cartilage and bone tumors. (
  • A turtle's shell is made of bone and cartilage . (
  • What cells replace the cartilage and connective tissue with bone tissue as the child develops? (
  • Important during this stage, the zone between cartilage and bone becomes more cytoarchitecturally deranged, which was due to the invasion of numerous blood vessels. (
  • Long bones are formed from a cartilage model precursor by endochondral ossification (see the image below) and can range in size from a phalanx to a femur. (
  • Endochondral ossification of long bones through cartilage precursor. (
  • We report a failed case of fracture shaft humerus which was operated three times, first with DCP and next two times with DCP and autologous cancellous bone graft from iliac crest. (
  • cortical bone (the outer layer) and cancellous bone (the inner layer). (
  • Cancellous bone, also known as trabecular or spongy bone , is the inner layer of bone and is much less dense than cortical bone. (
  • However, instead of a network of bone structure with periodic gaps, cancellous bone is more like a network of connecting spaces with periodic structure. (
  • Though cancellous bone only makes up about 20 percent of the body's bone mass, it plays important roles in body function. (
  • Inside the cavities of cancellous bone is soft, fatty tissue comprised of an irregular network of blood vessels and cell types. (
  • Trabecular and cancellous bone. (
  • Entice your tableware setting with china plates from Wedgwood today and enjoy a meal with loved ones you will never forget. (
  • Fine bone china, with its unique combination of translucence and strength (due to the 50% of bone ash in the body), was the obvious choice of material for pure white tableware of lasting quality. (
  • English fine bone china is the most practical type of tableware as well as the most elegant. (
  • Xavier Britain bone china tableware is extremely resilient & chip resistant - and it's dishwasher-safe. (
  • With at least 50% animal bone ash content, Xavier Britain bone china tableware is uniquely resilient and strong. (
  • I'm presenting you a very lovely Roslyn bone China made in England tableware set with garland decoration. (
  • This Kintsugi 28cm Dinner Plate Set of 6 is part of our contemporary tableware porcelain Kintsugi Collection which has been created to bring a beautiful feel to your home - a reminder of the fragility of life and beauty of imperfection. (
  • Oishya Home's tableware collection is made from cruelty-free Fine Bone China, therefore New Fine Bone China . (
  • Tangshan Win-Win International Co., Ltd. is capable of providing a quality range of Wholesales New design moroccan diet plates ceramic tableware new bone china dish soup plate r. (
  • By virtue of continuous technological innovation, we have mastered the core and most advanced technology in the industry, and will use advanced technology to produce Wholesales New design moroccan diet plates ceramic tableware new bone china dish soup plate r, effectively solving the pain points that have always plagued the industry. (
  • It has been our earnest commitment to provide clients with the most qualitative and defect-free products such as orthopedic surgical implants, Orthopedic Bone Plate, Orthopedic Bone Screws, small fragment instrument set, dynamic hip screw, surgery forceps, and others. (
  • The clear basic main instrumentation facilitates the use of plates and screws with ergonomic forms and colour coding. (
  • These A-Arm Skid Plate/Mud Guards mount to your stock A-Arms with supplied mounting screws. (
  • Silver texture plate with screws. (
  • Now, researchers have created silk screws and plates to repair fractured bones. (
  • If you like to take care of every detail in your home and own the latest products that will make your life easier, purchase Cup with Plate Bone China Porcelain at the best price. (
  • Fine bone china plates entirely hand painted in glossy on glaze porcelain paints. (
  • Finely crafted from cruelty-free FBC porcelain with an applied layer of gold on top, the dinner plates feature a wide border of elevated broken lines, designed as a contemporary interpretation of ancient Japan. (
  • A 24-carat gold Kintsugi pattern is applied by hand to the finely crafted cruelty free Fine Bone China (FBC) porcelain, for a contemporary interpretation of ancient Japan. (
  • Fine Bone China (FBC) porcelain products are characterised by a cream shade and high translucency. (
  • For this collection, we collaborated with a European porcelain manufacturer who has perfected the special technique achieving ivory-coloured porcelain with high translucency, the so-called Fine Bone China. (
  • pillivuyt coupe porcelain dinnerware - porcelain plate set -royal vale bone china tea set In the international market, Two Eight receives increasing praises for products with best performance. (
  • Two Eight pillivuyt coupe porcelain dinnerware-porcelain plate set-royal vale bone china tea set Two Eight products maintain some of the highest commercial ratings available today and are winning greater customer satisfaction by consistently meeting their needs. (
  • Any discount for large order porcelain plate set? (
  • Which porcelain plate set company gives better services? (
  • HQ White Porcelain with 24K gold plated accents Dishwasher Safe - Intended for everyday or entertaining use Set includes: 12 x Dinner Plates, 12 x Soup Bowls, 12 x Dessert Plates, 12 x Tea Cup. (
  • Nevertheless, the precise expression and co-expressed profiles of coding and non-coding RNAs in human bone marrow (BM)-MSCs in vitro growing old are nonetheless missing. (
  • The latticework of tiny chambers is filled either with bone marrow or connective tissue. (
  • In the next section, we'll learn more about bone marrow. (
  • This is called bone marrow . (
  • Later, in a new anti-rejection procedure, he received an infusion of bone marrow derived from vertebrae taken from the donor's lower spine. (
  • [ 1 , 2 ] The remainder of the blood supply is through nutrient vessels that pierce the cortex and supply the marrow cavity and the inner two thirds of the cortical bone. (
  • The elegant dinner plate measures 10-1/2 inches in diameter, and the matching bread and butter plate measures 6-1/2 inches in diameter. (
  • Each Plate measures 8-1/8 diameter. (
  • The plate measures 7.5 inches in diameter, has a dedication on the back, a photo of Charles and Diana with a rose border, gold trim and a bassinet inset. (
  • A cryogenically preserved allogenic bone graft was used to bridge the defect between the rib edges for long-term structural support. (
  • Osteoprogenitor cells migrate from omental fat, leading to bone formation within the graft. (
  • The surgeon will stabilize the spine by fusing vertebrae together with bone graft material. (
  • Vidyadhara S,Vamsi K, Rao SK, Gnanadoss JJ, Pandian S. Use of intramedullary fibular strut graft: a novel adjunct to plating in the treatment of osteoporotic humeral shaft nonunion. (
  • When I was in hospital, one of the doctors said I either need a bone graft or an artificial implant. (
  • [ 1 ] These early plates were found to cause injury to the periosteum beneath the plate and interfered with perfusion. (
  • PLF immunoexpression decreased in the distal periosteum and metaphysis by week 12, coincided temporally with an increase in serum Trap5b, thinning of the growth plate and reduced cortical thickness. (
  • Cortical bone is covered by a fibrous membrane called the periosteum . (
  • Think of the periosteum as a utility vest that fits over the bone -- it has brackets and places for muscles and tendons to attach. (
  • The periosteum contains capillaries that are responsible for keeping the bone nourished with blood . (
  • A Freer periosteal elevator is used to dissect the periosteum from the underlying bone extraorbitally. (
  • [ 1 ] All bones are encased in a soft tissue envelope known as the periosteum, which is vital for perfusion and nutrient supply to the outer third of the bone (see the image below). (
  • Nevertheless, hemiexcision of the tumor bone with inactivated tumor bone replantation is a valuable surgical procedure for low-grade malignant bone tumors without the medullary cavity or with only one side of the cortical bone. (
  • Cortical bone, also known as compact bone , provides external protection for the inner layer against external force. (
  • Cortical bone appears thickened. (
  • The subchondral bone is not true cortical bone, in that it lacks some of the organization of cortical bone. (
  • Conventional segmental bone resection for paracortical osteosarcoma usually results in a large bone defect, requiring a large allograft, bone cement, or metal prosthesis to fill the defect and restore bone stability 3 . (
  • The authors present two cases of segmental bone defect of the femur and tibia treated with bone transport using the simple distraction device which has been designed and adapted from Chiang Mai University (CMU) external fixator combine with MIPO technique. (
  • This led to the concept and introduction of the "limited-contact" plate, which had material relief between the holes on the undersurface of the plate. (
  • Though bone is a very hard material it can also be brittle and will break if dropped or connects with other hard surfaces. (
  • Here, we demonstrate that the 3D printing osteotomy guide plate assisted hemicortical bone resection is a beneficial strategy to effectively resect the primary low-grade malignant bone tumors in the metaphysis of long bone and restore excellent joint function. (
  • Paracortical osteosarcoma and highly differentiated chondrosarcoma are the most prevalent primary bone tumors 1 , 2 . (
  • With a distinct emphasis on bone tumors of adjacent joints, this can preserve joints and maximize joint function 12 . (
  • Therefore, in the past three years, we used 3D printed osteotomy guide plate to assist hemibonectomy for low-grade malignant bone tumors of extremities to treat 10 patients through tumor bone resection and routine tumor bone inactivation and replantation for bone defect reconstruction. (
  • The GPC Medical Private Limited offers a wide variety of proximal tibia implants that are used for primary bone tumors, failed massive replacements, Metastases arising in bone, minimal bone sacrifice, accurate tapered junctions for durability and integrity, etc. (
  • Image-guided percutaneous cryoablation is a lasting, safe, and effective treatment for the alleviation of painful metastatic tumors involving bone. (
  • Bone tumors, also called osteosarcomas, usually occur in growing children and teenagers, and they are often resistant to conventional chemo- and radio-therapies. (
  • At the end of the study, the researchers saw a significant decrease in biomarkers of bone resorption in the men who ate prunes. (
  • Serum bone alkaline phosphatase is a marker of bone formation and urinary N-telopeptides are markers of bone resorption. (
  • [ 1 ] Today, precontoured implants are manufactured to fit nearly every bone in the body but are not always useful or appropriate. (
  • Cloverleaf stainless trauma implants for veterinary fracture repair have the same locking mechanism as indicated in the Cloverleaf TPLO plates. (
  • Baumgart R, Betz A, Schweiberer L. A fully implantable motorized intramedullary nail for limb lengthening and bone transport. (
  • The method is neither recommended for plates of a length less than 50 mm nor for those designed to be used with, or forming parts of, intramedullary devices. (
  • The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the short-term radiographic outcome of a distal Chevron osteotomy using an intramedullary plate for the correction of hallux valgus deformity. (
  • The present study evaluated 37 patients (40 feet) who underwent distal Chevron osteotomy using an intramedullary plate by periodic radiographs obtained preoperatively and at 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. (
  • In conclusion, a distal Chevron osteotomy using an intramedullary plate was a favorable method for the correction of mild to moderate hallux valgus deformity. (
  • intramedullary plate. (
  • Nadkarni B, Srivastav S, Mittal V, Agarwal S. Use of locking compression plates for long bone nonunions without removing existing intramedullary nail: Review of literature and our experience. (
  • When the epiphyseal plate disappears, bone ____________ stops. (
  • The histopathologic changes seen in this specimen, through the region of the epiphyseal plate, suggested that this patient was in the middle stage of the disease. (
  • [ 1 ] In development, the epiphysis and metaphysis are separated by a fourth zone, known as the epiphyseal plate, or physis. (
  • An extremely important zone in human development, the epiphyseal plate is responsible for longitudinal growth of the skeleton and therefore one's height and stature. (
  • There are many diseases of the epiphyseal plate such as achondroplasia that affect the plate's ability to grow normally and this can lead to significant change in stature and are often know as the skeletal dysplasias. (
  • Rib plating was performed with Synthes® plates. (
  • Bone plating systems by synthes, true dynamic and bioresorbable system bonamates plates by true dynamic (which are made of combination of polylactic acid and plyglycolic acid) were used to stabilize the fracture segments. (
  • View cart "Versaware - 10″ Plate - Arctic Blue" has been added to your cart. (
  • Rickets is when a child's bones become soft and weak. (
  • Treatment for rickets helps make bones stronger. (
  • This was a photomicrograph of a section of bone, which had been extracted from the growth plate of a patient with rickets. (
  • Fine bone china is one of the toughest ceramic materials on the market with high levels of calcium content. (
  • Juveniles, especially those with poor nutrition, are vulnerable because strontium, as an imperfect surrogate for calcium, interferes with bone mineralization in the developing skeleton. (
  • Bones rebuild themselves, they produce blood cells, they protect our brains and our organs, they provide a giant system of levers that allow us to move ourselves around, and bones also help maintain a steady amount of calcium in our bodies. (
  • Bone is a honeycomblike grid of calcium salts located around a network of protein fibers. (
  • Not only do bones make use calcium for strength, they also keep some stored in reserve. (
  • When other parts of the body need a calcium boost, the bones release the needed amount into the bloodstream. (
  • Calcium and phosphorus attach to them so they can build strong, hard bone. (
  • Without enough vitamin D, the body can't keep enough calcium and phosphorus in the growth plates. (
  • Ground bones are great as a source of calcium in raw cat and dog food or as an organic fertilizer for plants. (
  • Treatments such as hormone replacement therapy to prevent thinning of the bone, and dietary advice to take more calcium and vitamin D, may prove useful. (
  • And while you may know that adding healthy sources of calcium to a child's diet is essential for building strong bones, keeping it up through adulthood is just as vital. (
  • A proper diet filled with calcium- and vitamin D-rich foods can go a long way toward slowing bone mineral loss. (
  • These nutrients offer a one-two punch: Calcium helps keep your bones strong, and the vitamin D helps your body to absorb it. (
  • Canned salmon and sardines are great sources of calcium - so long as you eat the bones. (
  • For anyone with lactose intolerance, soy, almond, and rice milks boost bone health just as much as their dairy counterparts if they're fortified with calcium and vitamin D. Orange juice, too. (
  • What hormone stimulates osteoblasts to deposit Calcium in bone? (
  • The dinner plate shows some pinpoint bubble imperfections in the application of the gold on the rim. (
  • The bread and butter plate has a pinhead-sized mark in the gold rim, likely a minuscule utensil mark. (
  • Infuse the home with pretty florals, stylish pastels, vintage prints and gold gilding on cake plates and dinner plates. (
  • Each plate is hand-painted with a 24k burnished gold double rim. (
  • Set a beautiful table for your guests with Red & Gold Border Plates. (
  • This set includes two sizes of premium plastic plates that feature a red border, metallic gold trim, and a white center. (
  • Priced Per Pair - Made from 18k Gold Plated. (
  • Additionally, it has a gold leafing around the edge of the plates! (
  • This is a lovely square cake plate with wonderful gold accents along the edges and corners. (
  • Fill the Gold Plated Simple Cylinder cremation jewelry with a small tribute to a loved one and keep a part of them with you forever. (
  • This exceptional keepsake is gold plated over silver and the long cylinder design is comfortable and compatible with a wide range of lifestyles and personalities. (
  • DINNERWARE SET FOR 4: This 16-piece dinnerware set service for four includes 4 each of: 11-1/2 inch dinner plate, 8-1/2 inch salad plate, 7-1/2 inch bow. (
  • Offered for your consideration is this beautiful salad plate made by Royal Chelsea in the luscious Golden Rose pattern. (
  • Denis Wick develops his trombone mouthpieces to help players achieve clarity, warmth and beauty of sound that no other manufacturer has been able to duplicate. (
  • A very well balanced line of large bore tenor trombone mouthpieces, coupled with our Classic rim design, and mounted on a generous blank. (
  • Drawing on the recent success of the Artisan trumpet collection, Vincent Bach is proud to announce the launch of a completely new line of trumpet, cornet, and trombone mouthpieces. (
  • The company claims that the Power Plate can increase bone density and on their website refer to a study (completed in 2004) that demonstrates that the product does build bone. (
  • If you've been diagnosed with osteoporosis or low bone mass after a bone density test (or want to prevent such a diagnosis), take note of these strategies to improve bone density and overall bone health. (
  • There are more possible ways to increase bone density. (
  • The test results showed that the group using Power Plate had a 1.5% increase in bone density. (
  • Power Plate is used by physicians to help treat Osteoporosis as whole body vibration has been shown to help increase bone density. (
  • Evaluation of bone mineral status can utilize measures of total bone mineral content and bone mineral density. (
  • Catherine McGrother, Michael Clarke and David Clayton, of the Department of Community Health at the University of Leicester, are evaluating the bone density, muscle strength and other characteristics of a group of elderly people in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire. (
  • The main screening test that the researchers are using involves assessing the density of the heel bone with ultrasound. (
  • You start losing bone density as early as age 20, but how you eat can slow it down. (
  • In fact, you reach your peak bone mass as early as your 20s, and from then on, your bone density begins declining. (
  • Surgical resection and reconstruction for low grade bone sarcoma in the metaphysis of the long bone remains challenging. (
  • From January 2017 to August 2019, ten patients with low-grade malignant bone tumor in metaphysis of the limbs were treated with hemicortical resection using 3D printing guide plate and biological reconstruction. (
  • ABC is a benign expansile osteolytic lesion that typically affects the metaphysis of long bones in young patients during their second decade of life [ 4 - 8 ]. (
  • Mature long bones have 3 distinct zones: epiphysis, metaphysis, and diaphysis (see the image below). (
  • The contemporary range of bone china plates come in small, medium and large sizes and includes, dinner plates, salad plates and much more. (
  • Here is fine Aynsley Bone China in a two-piece set of the Dinner Plate and the matching Bread and Butter Plate in the discontinued Bramble Time pattern. (
  • Available in mugs, side plates, pudding plates, dinner plates and rimmed soup bowls (see size guide below). (
  • Featuring a beautifully detailed pewter bit, this round dinner plate adds equestrian sophistication to weekday meals and special gatherings. (
  • No dinner is complete without the" Le Perroquet " dinner plates from the House of Castlebird Rose. (
  • The dinner plate can be a perfect addition to your personal collection, as well as an ideal gifting option. (
  • Set of 8 Dinner Plates. (
  • The item "Royal Albert England Bone China Tranquillity Set of 8 Dinner Plates" is in sale since Tuesday, April 9, 2019. (
  • The item "39 Pc Set Wedgwood Tea Cup Saucer Dinner Dessert Plate White Silver Bone China" is in sale since Saturday, August 25, 2018. (
  • The Christmas Poinsettia Chintz pattern is beautifully decorated onto our scolloped sided Amber style 10" Dinner Plate. (
  • Divitis Home Infinity bone china dinnerware set 16pcs Round Plates Soup Bowls Dinner Plates Salad Plates Dinnerware Sets Dinner Plates Plates and Bowls Sets Infinity - B07XK1D1L4 This fits your. (
  • If you have spare bones from your dinner lying around, grinding them up is a great way to find a use for them. (
  • Interestingly, this technology is cheaper compared with the former two and is one of the common surgical strategies for bone defect repair 13 . (
  • And, even if you never make your mark on the world (or in the history books), your bones will stick around long after you have otherwise vanished to declare to the world: 'These skeletal remains once supported skin and tissue and organs! (
  • Before we leave behind our skeletal remains to freak out future generations, we should first learn some basics about bones: What are bones made of? (
  • The scalloped rim of each plate is covered in six Blackberry Brambles made up of ripe Berries in deep blue and purple on the vine with variegated green leaves. (
  • 1775" above the Aynsley Banner, followed by "Made in England/ Fine English/ Bone China. (
  • A modern take on an old classic, these beautiful hand finished plates are made in the traditional way from the finest English bone china. (
  • The imagery on each plate is from Louise's fabric book Ode à l'Oubli ( 2004), featuring collages made from fragments of her old clothing and household items. (
  • Your bone carving is made of highly polished bone. (
  • Beautiful fine bone china side plates made in England. (
  • Beautiful fine bone china plates featuring imagery from Louise's fabric book, Ode à l'Oubli , a cloth book made up of collages and fragments of her old clothing and household items. (
  • Our unique range of fine bone china plates, are made using traditional methods in historic Stoke on Trent and are then hand decorated by a dedicated team of designers. (
  • Made with fossilized bone. (
  • Made of fine bone china. (
  • These beauties are made in the UK, silk screen printed and hand applied onto Staffordshire fine bone china. (
  • Entirely hand-made from beginning to end by the same craftsman in the heart of the Laguiole region, this beautiful Laguiole en Aubrac knife is a perfect example of what an authentic Laguiole knife should look like. (
  • This is a bone china commemorative souvenir plate made by Crown Staffordshire, England celebrating the birth of Prince William Of Wales the son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana in 1982. (
  • Vintage Wedgwood Fine Bone China Set, Made in England. (
  • Authentic Native American breast plates are classic handcrafts made by hand by American Indian artists. (
  • Made using genuine leather, breast plates traditionally feature beautiful bone hair pipe as well as assorted beads stones and feathers. (
  • Indian breast plates can be worn for wow wow or reenactments or displayed in your Indian art collection and are very well made. (
  • This is an authentic Native American breast plate made by the Pueblo Indians. (
  • A beautiful American Indian breast plate, this is made completely by hand using real bone hair pipe, intricate beading, leather and horse hair as well as brass and buffalo. (
  • A beautiful American Indian breast plate, this is made completely by hand using brass cartridges, intricate beading, leather and horse hair. (
  • 3D custom-made titanium mesh plate. (
  • a 3D custom plate was made on 3D model. (
  • And as the construction crew that unearthed your bones reels back in horror, every life choice you ever made will seem -- if but for a moment before you are shoveled into a Dumpster -- very much worthwhile. (
  • Bone is made in much the same way. (
  • The doctor had made an artificial fracture in the bone and put an Ilizarov system on his leg. (
  • Third Drawer Down Studio has created a set of four fine bone china plates in collaboration with Louise Bourgeois' studio, The Easton Foundation. (
  • This large, plated and polished raised edge dog tag comes with a brass finish and an adorable purple trellis design. (
  • This is a double ended flexible brush for cleaning trombones, trumpets, and other brass instruments. (
  • Wedgwood's gorgeous range of fine bone china plates will let you make a bold statement. (
  • the full colour border on this elegant side plate is silk-screen printed on to hand-crafted fine bone china. (
  • Why fine bone china? (
  • Fine bone china has been synonymous with luxury for centuries. (
  • Our Fine Bone China Waves 'Shark Bite' plate takes centre stage over the dining table. (
  • With the look of fine china, these stylish plates are perfect for your special occasions and formal events. (
  • This fine bone china accent plate features a delicate platinum-trimmed rim. (
  • A beautiful, fine bone china set decorated with with large yellow roses, yellow details and gilt edges. (
  • When the surgeon tried to insert the locking screw to the most distal hole of a plate, torque did not apply, and the locking screw did not lock. (
  • Yes, men too, even though osteoporosis and bone health are often considered a problem for women. (
  • Men often think that osteoporosis is a disease that only impacts women, but a male over the age of 50 is just as likely to suffer an osteoporotic-related fracture as he is to develop prostate cancer," says Shirin Hooshmand, PhD, RD, and Professor at San Diego State University, whose team recently finished a study examining the role of prunes and bone health in men. (
  • The Bone Health and Osteoporosis Foundation estimates over half of Americans over age 50 have either osteoporosis or low bone mass. (
  • There's also good news for caffeine lovers: Moderate caffeine intake has little effect on your bone health, according to Taylor C. Wallace, Senior Director, Science Policy and Government Relations, at the National Osteoporosis Foundation . (
  • Bones vary widely in size, ranging from the tiny inner ear bones that are responsible for transmitting mechanical sound waves to the sensory organs to the large (nearly 2 ft long) femur bone that is strong enough to withstand 30 times one's body weight. (
  • This system is also indicated for non-load bearing stabilization and reduction of bone fragments in long bones. (
  • How long does it take to grill bone-in chicken thighs? (
  • Bone Pendant is 1 inch long & almost 1/2 inch high. (
  • The epiphyseal growth plate is the main site of longitudinal growth of the long bones. (
  • Damage to the growth plate suppresses the growth of bones, distorts the joint, and can cause long-lasting joint damage (arthritis). (
  • Kocaoglu M, Cakmak M, Basturk S, Tuncay I. Ilizarov method in pseudoarthrosis of long tubular bones, treatment and clinical results. (
  • A growth plate is the area of growing tissue near the end of the long bones. (
  • Research how well the grinder handles bones and how long it will last. (
  • This is why it is so important to not allow them to exercise for too long or too strenuously as they can easily damage their growing bones. (
  • Paget's disease of bone is a chronic (long-lasting) disorder that causes bones to grow larger and become weaker than normal. (
  • The growth plate is the area of tissue near the ends of long bones in children and teens that determines what length and shape the bone will be once it is done growing. (
  • Each long bone- the thigh bone, the bones in the forearm, and the bones in the hands and fingers-has at least two growth plates, one at each end. (
  • Zones of mature long bone. (
  • The epiphysis is the region at the polar ends of long bones. (
  • The proximal tibia implant system is specifically designed as a modular system that is used by surgeons to replace deficient or diseased bone in the proximal tibia. (
  • Bone disorders can be caused by injury, infection, or cancer, be inherited, occur as part of a child's growth, or occur for no known reason. (
  • Many bone disorders come from the changes that occur in a growing child's musculoskeletal system. (
  • But bones need to grow along with the rest of the child's body. (
  • The growth plates are weak areas of your child's growing skeleton, making it easier to injure them. (
  • Gorgeous Vintage Duchess Felicity 454 bone china Teacup saucer and side plate Gilding in excellent condition Online shopping at discounted price! (
  • quality merchandise Vintage pretty Duchess Felicity 454 bone china teacup saucer side plate trio, Vintage pretty Duchess Felicity 454 bone china teacup saucer side plate trio Delivery and return is always free! (
  • The anterior border articulates with the spine of the frontal bone and the crest of the nasal bones. (
  • In severe cases, this may cause the bones in the spine to grow together, which can lead to a rigid spine that is difficult to bend. (
  • If it's not my spine and tail bone then would the psychiatrist be the next step? (
  • Offered is a Set of Twelve Salad / Dessert Plates in the Wedgwood Bone China SENATOR pattern. (
  • Consider engaging in regular, weight-bearing exercises to maintain strong bones and muscles. (
  • In portrait form, the framed and glazed single engraved plate leaf, numbered Pl.17, taken from Anatomical Studies of the Bones and Muscles, for the use of Artists, the drawing by the late John Flaxman, Esq. (
  • On his death Flaxman left nineteen original anatomical drawings of bones and muscles. (
  • Get the latest scientific news and resources on diseases of the bones, joints, muscles, and skin from the NIAMS. (
  • Physically active youth have stronger muscles and bones, better cardiovascular fitness, and lower body fat than those who are inactive. (
  • There were two methods used to measure Bone Alkaline Phosphatase in NHANES 2001-2002. (
  • For NHANES 2001, the HybritechTandem-MP Ostase ImmunoEnzymetric assay was used for quantitative measurement of Bone Alkaline Phosphatase (BAP), an indicator of osteoblastic activity, in human serum. (
  • Hypophosphatasia is characterized by defective mineralization of growing or remodeling bone, with or without root-intact tooth loss, in the presence of low activity of serum and bone alkaline phosphatase. (
  • Besides, autologous tumor bone inactivation technology preserves the bone integrity of the patients, kills tumor cells, and reconstructs bone defects. (
  • The VLP ◊ MINI-MOD ◊ Small Bone Plating System is indicated for adolescent (12 - 18 years) and transitional adolescent (18 - 21 years) subpopulations and adults, as well as patients with osteopenic bone. (
  • Along with delivering great performance for individuals and fitness facilities, doctors in nearly 100 countries use Power Plate to help their patients live life to the fullest. (
  • Most patients with metastatic bone disease should be cared for in conjunction with a medical oncologist and the use of radiation oncology. (
  • Because the lifespan of patients with metastatic bone disease is limited, the goal of management must center on returning as much function as possible as rapidly as possible. (
  • In a study of 61 adult patients with one or two painful bone metastases (Brief Pain Inventory score ≥4 in a 24-hour period) who had refused or who had had ineffective conventional treatment, pain scores decreased significantly at 1, 4, 8, and 24 weeks following percutaneous image-guided cryoablation. (
  • All patients achieved bone union, and there were no cases of dislocation, displacement, or avascular necrosis of the metatarsal head fragment. (
  • MartinezAA, HerreraA, Cuenca J. Good results with unreamed nail and bone grafting for humeral nonunion: a retrospective study of 21 patients. (
  • This means that patients who receive temporary silk devices to hold their bones in place wouldn't need a second surgery to remove them. (