Bone Plates: Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Transplant Donor Site: The body location or part from which tissue is taken for TRANSPLANTATION.Bone Remodeling: The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.Hyaline Cartilage: A type of CARTILAGE characterized by a homogenous amorphous matrix containing predominately TYPE II COLLAGEN and ground substance. Hyaline cartilage is found in ARTICULAR CARTILAGE; COSTAL CARTILAGE; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; and the NASAL SEPTUM.Stifle: In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.Growth Plate: The area between the EPIPHYSIS and the DIAPHYSIS within which bone growth occurs.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Epiphyses: The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.Cartilage, Articular: A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.Bone Regeneration: Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.Femur Head: The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Electron Probe Microanalysis: Identification and measurement of ELEMENTS and their location based on the fact that X-RAYS emitted by an element excited by an electron beam have a wavelength characteristic of that element and an intensity related to its concentration. It is performed with an electron microscope fitted with an x-ray spectrometer, in scanning or transmission mode.Compressive Strength: The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)Calcification, Physiologic: Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.Bone Resorption: Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Bone Marrow: The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.Bone Development: The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.Bone Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.Bone Marrow Cells: Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.Bone Diseases: Diseases of BONES.Bone Matrix: Extracellular substance of bone tissue consisting of COLLAGEN fibers, ground substance, and inorganic crystalline minerals and salts.Bone Transplantation: The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.Bone Marrow Transplantation: The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Bone Substitutes: Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.Bone Diseases, MetabolicBone Morphogenetic Proteins: Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2: A potent osteoinductive protein that plays a critical role in the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into OSTEOBLASTS.Osteogenesis: The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Neural Plate: The region in the dorsal ECTODERM of a chordate embryo that gives rise to the future CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Tissue in the neural plate is called the neuroectoderm, often used as a synonym of neural plate.Parietal Bone: One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.Osteoblasts: Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Alveolar Bone Loss: Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.Bone Cysts: Benign unilocular lytic areas in the proximal end of a long bone with well defined and narrow endosteal margins. The cysts contain fluid and the cyst walls may contain some giant cells. Bone cysts usually occur in males between the ages 3-15 years.Osteoclasts: A large multinuclear cell associated with the BONE RESORPTION. An odontoclast, also called cementoclast, is cytomorphologically the same as an osteoclast and is involved in CEMENTUM resorption.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7: A bone morphogenetic protein that is widely expressed during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. It is both a potent osteogenic factor and a specific regulator of nephrogenesis.Metatarsal Bones: The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.X-Ray Microtomography: X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.Frontal Bone: The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.Metacarpal Bones: The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.Osteocalcin: Vitamin K-dependent calcium-binding protein synthesized by OSTEOBLASTS and found primarily in BONES. Serum osteocalcin measurements provide a noninvasive specific marker of bone metabolism. The protein contains three residues of the amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla), which, in the presence of CALCIUM, promotes binding to HYDROXYAPATITE and subsequent accumulation in BONE MATRIX.Bone Marrow DiseasesBone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4: A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.Alkaline Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.1.Leg Bones: The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.Pelvic Bones: Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Tarsal Bones: The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.Bone Marrow Neoplasms: Neoplasms located in the bone marrow. They are differentiated from neoplasms composed of bone marrow cells, such as MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Most bone marrow neoplasms are metastatic.Bone Marrow Examination: Removal of bone marrow and evaluation of its histologic picture.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Osteocytes: Mature osteoblasts that have become embedded in the BONE MATRIX. They occupy a small cavity, called lacuna, in the matrix and are connected to adjacent osteocytes via protoplasmic projections called canaliculi.Ilium: The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.Radius: The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.Diphosphonates: Organic compounds which contain P-C-P bonds, where P stands for phosphonates or phosphonic acids. These compounds affect calcium metabolism. They inhibit ectopic calcification and slow down bone resorption and bone turnover. Technetium complexes of diphosphonates have been used successfully as bone scanning agents.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Bone Demineralization Technique: Removal of mineral constituents or salts from bone or bone tissue. Demineralization is used as a method of studying bone strength and bone chemistry.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Foot Bones: The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.Mice, Inbred C57BLHumerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Periosteum: Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.Chondrocytes: Polymorphic cells that form cartilage.Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal: Fibrous blood-filled cyst in the bone. Although benign it can be destructive causing deformity and fractures.Osseointegration: The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6: A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of BONE formation. It plays additional roles in regulating CELL DIFFERENTIATION of non-osteoblastic cell types and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions.Cartilage: A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.Diaphyses: The shaft of long bones.Technetium Tc 99m Medronate: A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used primarily in skeletal scintigraphy. Because of its absorption by a variety of tumors, it is useful for the detection of neoplasms.RANK Ligand: A transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that specifically binds RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B and OSTEOPROTEGERIN. It plays an important role in regulating OSTEOCLAST differentiation and activation.Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Facial Bones: The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)Parathyroid Hormone: A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Arm Bones: The bones of the free part of the upper extremity including the HUMERUS; RADIUS; and ULNA.Metacarpus: The region of the HAND between the WRIST and the FINGERS.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Osteolysis: Dissolution of bone that particularly involves the removal or loss of calcium.Hyoid Bone: A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.Agar: A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis.Giant Cell Tumor of Bone: A bone tumor composed of cellular spindle-cell stroma containing scattered multinucleated giant cells resembling osteoclasts. The tumors range from benign to frankly malignant lesions. The tumor occurs most frequently in an end of a long tubular bone in young adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Ulna: The inner and longer bone of the FOREARM.Bone Nails: Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.Mesenchymal Stromal Cells: Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Occipital Bone: Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Femoral Fractures: Fractures of the femur.Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal: Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.Femur Neck: The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.Collagen Type I: The most common form of fibrillar collagen. It is a major constituent of bone (BONE AND BONES) and SKIN and consists of a heterotrimer of two alpha1(I) and one alpha2(I) chains.Bone Marrow Purging: Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.Osteoprotegerin: A secreted member of the TNF receptor superfamily that negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis. It is a soluble decoy receptor of RANK LIGAND that inhibits both CELL DIFFERENTIATION and function of OSTEOCLASTS by inhibiting the interaction between RANK LIGAND and RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Hand Bones: The CARPAL BONES; METACARPAL BONES; and FINGER PHALANGES. In each hand there are eight carpal bones, five metacarpal bones, and 14 phalanges.In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.Tibial FracturesMinerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Calcium Phosphates: Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.Bone Diseases, Infectious: Bone diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms.Petrous Bone: The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.Osteitis Deformans: A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein: A highly glycosylated and sulfated phosphoprotein that is found almost exclusively in mineralized connective tissues. It is an extracellular matrix protein that binds to hydroxyapatite through polyglutamic acid sequences and mediates cell attachment through an RGD sequence.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Alveolar Process: The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Bone Demineralization, Pathologic: Decrease, loss, or removal of the mineral constituents of bones. Temporary loss of bone mineral content is especially associated with space flight, weightlessness, and extended immobilization. OSTEOPOROSIS is permanent, includes reduction of total bone mass, and is associated with increased rate of fractures. CALCIFICATION, PHYSIOLOGIC is the process of bone remineralizing. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed; Nicogossian, Space Physiology and Medicine, 2d ed, pp327-33)Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 3: A bone morphogenetic protein that is found at high concentrations in a purified osteoinductive protein fraction from BONE. Bone morphogenetic protein 3 is referred to as osteogenin, however it may play a role in variety of developmental processes.Bone Wires: Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Chick Embryo: The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.Transplantation, Homologous: Transplantation between individuals of the same species. Usually refers to genetically disparate individuals in contradistinction to isogeneic transplantation for genetically identical individuals.Collagen: A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).Fractures, Ununited: A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Alendronate: A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.Bony Callus: The bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of BONE FRACTURES during normal healing.Bone Banks: Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing bones or bone tissue for future use.OsteomyelitisStem Cells: Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Haversian System: A circular structural unit of bone tissue. It consists of a central hole, the Haversian canal through which blood vessels run, surrounded by concentric rings, called lamellae.Hematopoiesis: The development and formation of various types of BLOOD CELLS. Hematopoiesis can take place in the BONE MARROW (medullary) or outside the bone marrow (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Body Patterning: The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.Calcaneus: The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.Mesoderm: The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.Ossification, Heterotopic: The development of bony substance in normally soft structures.Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I: A subtype of bone morphogenetic protein receptors with high affinity for BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They can interact with and undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS, TYPE II. They signal primarily through RECEPTOR-REGULATED SMAD PROTEINS.Radius FracturesBacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Internal Fixators: Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.Sesamoid Bones: Nodular bones which lie within a tendon and slide over another bony surface. The PATELLA (kneecap) is a sesamoid bone.Etidronic Acid: A diphosphonate which affects calcium metabolism. It inhibits ectopic calcification and slows down bone resorption and bone turnover.Pubic Bone: A bone that forms the lower and anterior part of each side of the hip bone.Ovariectomy: The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.Cell Proliferation: All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.Fibula: The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.Transplantation, Autologous: Transplantation of an individual's own tissue from one site to another site.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Fractures, Comminuted: A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Embryonic Induction: The complex processes of initiating CELL DIFFERENTIATION in the embryo. The precise regulation by cell interactions leads to diversity of cell types and specific pattern of organization (EMBRYOGENESIS).Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors: A family of CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS that bind BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They are PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that mediate SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS through SMAD PROTEINS.Cell Lineage: The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit: A transcription factor that dimerizes with CORE BINDING FACTOR BETA SUBUNIT to form core binding factor. It contains a highly conserved DNA-binding domain known as the runt domain and is involved in genetic regulation of skeletal development and CELL DIFFERENTIATION.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Acid Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.2.Porosity: Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.Hedgehog Proteins: A family of intercellular signaling proteins that play and important role in regulating the development of many TISSUES and organs. Their name derives from the observation of a hedgehog-like appearance in DROSOPHILA embryos with genetic mutations that block their action.Implants, Experimental: Artificial substitutes for body parts and materials inserted into organisms during experimental studies.Tissue Scaffolds: Cell growth support structures composed of BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. They are specially designed solid support matrices for cell attachment in TISSUE ENGINEERING and GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION uses.Osteomalacia: Disorder caused by an interruption of the mineralization of organic bone matrix leading to bone softening, bone pain, and weakness. It is the adult form of rickets resulting from disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Chondrogenesis: The formation of cartilage. This process is directed by CHONDROCYTES which continually divide and lay down matrix during development. It is sometimes a precursor to OSTEOGENESIS.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Ectoderm: The outer of the three germ layers of an embryo.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Tissue Engineering: Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.Osteosclerosis: An abnormal hardening or increased density of bone tissue.Transforming Growth Factor beta: A factor synthesized in a wide variety of tissues. It acts synergistically with TGF-alpha in inducing phenotypic transformation and can also act as a negative autocrine growth factor. TGF-beta has a potential role in embryonal development, cellular differentiation, hormone secretion, and immune function. TGF-beta is found mostly as homodimer forms of separate gene products TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2 or TGF-beta3. Heterodimers composed of TGF-beta1 and 2 (TGF-beta1.2) or of TGF-beta2 and 3 (TGF-beta2.3) have been isolated. The TGF-beta proteins are synthesized as precursor proteins.Renal Osteodystrophy: Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.Cell Movement: The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Scaphoid Bone: The bone which is located most lateral in the proximal row of CARPAL BONES.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Fractures, Spontaneous: Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)Calcium, Dietary: Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.Osteogenesis, Distraction: Bone lengthening by gradual mechanical distraction. An external fixation device produces the distraction across the bone plate. The technique was originally applied to long bones but in recent years the method has been adapted for use with mandibular implants in maxillofacial surgery.Osteosarcoma: A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. It is the most common and most malignant of sarcomas of the bones, and occurs chiefly among 10- to 25-year-old youths. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Homeodomain Proteins: Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).Cell Count: The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.Mice, Inbred BALB COsteopetrosis: Excessive formation of dense trabecular bone leading to pathological fractures; OSTEITIS; SPLENOMEGALY with infarct; ANEMIA; and extramedullary hemopoiesis (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).Bone Conduction: Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.

Ankle arthrodesis using an anterior AO T plate. (1/716)

We describe a surgical technique for ankle arthrodesis using an anterior approach to the ankle and internal fixation with an anteriorly-placed AO T plate. A total of 33 patients who had ankle arthrodeses have been followed retrospectively. Thirty-one (94%) of the ankles fused although two patients developed tibial stress fractures. Four patients had a superficial infection which did not prevent union. The surgical technique is simple, easily reproducible and gives excellent clinical results with a high rate of union.  (+info)

Evaluation of the allograft-prosthesis composite technique for proximal femoral reconstruction after resection of a primary bone tumour. (2/716)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and functional outcomes resulting from the allograft-composite technique used for proximal femoral osteoarticular reconstruction in patients who had limb salvage surgery for primary bone tumours. DESIGN: A retrospective review of a prospectively gathered database to provide a descriptive study. SETTING: A tertiary care musculoskeletal oncology unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Patients treated between 1987 and 1993 were eligible for inclusion in this study if they met the following criteria: they were treated surgically for a primary malignant bone tumour; and a proximal femoral allograft-implant composite technique was used for the reconstruction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Major postoperative complications with emphasis on mechanical complications in the reconstructive composite implant. Functional outcome in a subset of patients using the 1987 and 1994 versions of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society instrument, the Short-Form-36 and the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score. RESULTS: There were 5 mechanical and 2 infectious complications requiring surgical intervention. Functional scores were generally low. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the perceived benefits of the composite technique may accrue only to a few patients, partly owing to the risk of mechanical complications. Although these can be reduced by avoiding the use of cement in the host femur, the generally poor functional outcomes suggest that this technique needs to be studied further in this group of patients and compared with other reconstructive techniques, particularly the prosthetic implant.  (+info)

Hypoglossal nerve injury as a complication of anterior surgery to the upper cervical spine. (3/716)

Injury to the hypoglossal nerve is a recognised complication after soft tissue surgery in the upper part of the anterior aspect of the neck, e.g. branchial cyst or carotid body tumour excision. However, this complication has been rarely reported following surgery of the upper cervical spine. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with tuberculosis of C2-3. She underwent corpectomy and fusion from C2 to C5 using iliac crest bone graft, through a left anterior oblique incision. She developed hypoglossal nerve palsy in the immediate postoperative period, with dysphagia and dysarthria. It was thought to be due to traction neurapraxia with possible spontaneous recovery. At 18 months' follow-up, she had a solid fusion and tuberculosis was controlled. The hypoglossal palsy persisted, although with minimal functional disability. The only other reported case of hypoglossal lesion after anterior cervical spine surgery in the literature also failed to recover. It is concluded that hypoglossal nerve palsy following anterior cervical spine surgery is unlikely to recover spontaneously and it should be carefully identified.  (+info)

Reducing the cervical flexion tear-drop fracture with a posterior approach and plating technique: an original method. (4/716)

Flexion tear-drop fractures (FTDF) in the cervical spine constitute a highly unstable condition with a high incidence of neurological complications due to posterior displacement of the fractured vertebra in the spinal canal. The widely accepted surgical management for this condition includes complete excision and grafting of the vertebral body through an anterior approach. Thorough radiological and CT analysis of FTDF shows that the vertebral body is often separated into two parts by a sagittal plane fracture, but remains continuous through the pedicle and anterior arch of the vertebral foramen with the lateral mass and the articular processes. We therefore hypothesized that reduction would be possible by acting on the articular process through a posterior approach with a particular plating technique. Eight patients with FTDF were operated on with the technique we describe. Three had complete tetraplegia, four had incomplete tetraplegia and one was normal. A preoperative CT scan was made in all patients. Local kyphosis, posterior displacement of the vertebral body, and general lordosis in the cervical spine were recorded. In all cases, a satisfactory reduction was achieved on the postoperative radiographs and at the mean follow-up of 18.6+/-12.1 months, with residual posterior displacement being less than 1 mm. No complication occurred. Out of seven neurologically impaired patients, five showed some motor recovery at the latest follow-up. The posterior technique is described, and the rationale and pros and cons are discussed. The study showed that posterior reduction and fixation of flexion tear-drop fracture is not only possible, but permits an accurate restoration of the anatomy of the fractured cervical spine.  (+info)

Stage-related surgery for cervical spine instability in rheumatoid arthritis. (5/716)

Thirty-six consecutive patients with cervical spine instability due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were treated surgically according to a stage-related therapeutic concept. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical results of these procedures. The initial change in RA of the cervical spine is atlanto-axial instability (AAI) due to incompetence of the cranio-cervical junction ligaments, followed by development of a peridontoid mass of granulation tissue. This results in inflammatory involvement of, and excessive dynamic forces on, the lateral masses of C1 and C2, leading to irreducible atlanto-axial kyphosis (AAK). Finally, cranial settling (CS) accompanied by subaxial subluxation (SAS) occurs. According to these three separate pathological and radiological lesions, the patients were divided into three therapeutic groups. Group I comprised 14 patients with isolated anterior AAI, who were treated by posterior wire fusion. Group II comprised 15 patients with irreducible AAK, who were treated by transoral odontoid resection. The fixation was done using anterior plating according to Harms in combination with posterior wire fusion according to Brooks. Group III comprised seven patients with CS and additional SAS, who were treated with occipito-cervical fusion. Pre- and postoperatively, evaluation was performed using the parameters pain (visual analog scale), range of motion (ROM), subjective improvement and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). The neurologic deficit was defined according to the classification proposed by Ranawat. Radiographs including lateral flexion and extension views, and MRI scans were obtained. The average clinical and radiographic follow-up of all patients was 50.7 +/- 19.3 months (range 21-96 months). No perioperative fatality occurred. Postoperative pain was significantly relieved in all groups (P < 0.001). In group II a slight improvement in the HAQ was obtained. In groups I and II the ROM of all patients increased significantly (average gain of motion in group I: 11.3 degrees +/- 7. 8 degrees for rotation; 7.8 degrees +/- 5.6 degrees for bending; average gain of motion in group II: 21.5 degrees +/- 14.0 degrees for rotation; 17.2 degrees +/- 5.5 degrees for bending), while it decreased significantly in group III (10.7 degrees +/- 18.1 degrees for rotation; 6.7 degrees +/- 18.5 degrees for bending). Preoperatively 27 patients had a manifest neurologic deficit. At follow-up four patients remained unchanged, all others improved by at least one Ranawat class. All patients, except one, showed solid bony fusion. According to the significantly improved postoperative subjective self-assessment and the clinical and radiological parameters, transoral plate fixation combined with posterior wire fixation after transoral odontoid resection represents an effective reliable and safe procedure for the treatment of irreducible AAK in rheumatoid arthritis.  (+info)

Evaluation of a new monocortical screw for anterior cervical fusion and plating by a combined biomechanical and clinical study. (6/716)

The purpose of this combined study was to evaluate the stability and safety of a new monocortical screw-plate system for anterior cervical fusion and plating (ACFP) according to Caspar in comparison with classical bicortical fixation. In the biomechanical part of the study two groups, each comprising six fresh human cadaveric spines (C4-C7), matched for bone mineral density, additionally resulting in almost the same mean age, were used. Range of motion and neutral zone were analyzed in flexion-extension, rotation (left, right) and lateral bending (left, right) using pure moments of +/- 2.5 Nm for each specimen in the intact state, after discectomy at C5/6 and after discectomy at C 5/6 followed by bone grafting plus plating (Caspar plates), with either monocortical or bicortical screws. For all three motion planes, no significant difference could be found between the new monocortical and the bicortical fixation techniques. The clinical part of the study was performed as a prospective study on 30 patients suffering from symptomatic degenerative cervical disc disease in one segment. At the latest follow-up, no hardware- or graft-related complications were seen in any of the patients. Following these findings monocortical screw fixation can be recommended for the majority of anterior cervical fusion and plating procedures in degenerative disease, making the procedure quicker, easier, and safer. Bicortical screw fixation still has specific indications for multilevel stabilization, poor bone quality (osteoporosis, rheumatoid disease - as bicortical oversized rescue screw), unstable spines (trauma, tumour) and in particular for the realignment of kyphotic deformities (restoration of the normal lordotic curve). Due to the design of the study the results apply only to surgical treatment of monosegmental degenerative disc disease at the time.  (+info)

Tricortical cervical inter-body screw fixation. (7/716)

A new tricortical method of screw implantation for anterior cervical interbody plate fixation is described. The screws are placed obliquely such that they engage the anterior cortex of the body and traverse through the cortices adjoining the disc space. By this method the screws not only hold the plate firmly with a tricortical purchase, but by virtue of their course stabilize the two adjoining vertebral bodies by themselves. Sixteen patients were treated by this method. In three of these cases only tricortical screws without the metal plate were used for fixation. The advantages of the technique are discussed.  (+info)

Atlantoaxial dislocation associated with stenosis of canal at atlas. (8/716)

Three rare cases of stenosis of spinal canal at the level of atlas associated with atlantoaxial dislocation are presented. An atlantoaxial lateral mass fixation with plate and screws after posterior midline bony decompression was successfully performed in these cases.  (+info)

Background: Comminuted fractures happen frequently due to traumas. Fixation without opening the fracture site,known as minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), has recently become prevalent. This study has beendesigned to assess the outcomes of this treatment for tibial and femoral comminuted fractures.Methods: A total of 60 patients with comminuted femoral or tibial fractures were operated with MIPO method in thiscross-sectional study at Alzahra university hospital in 2015. Eleven patients were excluded due to lack of adequatefollow-ups. Patientsdata including union time; infection in the fractured site; hip and knee range of motion; and anymalunion or deformities like limb length discrepancy were collected after the surgery in every session.Results: Among 32 femoral and 17 tibial fractures, union was completed in48 patients, while only one patient withfemoral fracture had nonunion. The mean union time was 18.57±2.42 weeks. Femur fractures healed faster than tibia(17.76±2.36 compared to 19±2
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a top surface.. FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a bottom surface.. FIG. 3 is a top view of a bone plate system extender plate.. FIG. 4 is a left end view of an extender plate.. FIG. 5 is a right end view of an extender plate.. FIG. 6 is a right side view of a bone plate system extender plate.. FIG. 7 is a left side view of a bone plate system extender plate.. FIG. 8 is a bottom view of a bone plate system extender plate; and,. FIG. 9 is an alternate embodiment of a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a top surface.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Long-term follow-up of forearm bone diaphyseal plating. AU - Mih, A. D.. AU - Cooney, W. P.. AU - Idler, R. S.. AU - Lewallen, D. G.. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - A retrospective review of 175 patients treated with forearm bone plating for acute diaphyseal fractures, nonunions, and malunions was undertaken to identify problems related to plate removal as opposed to plate retention. One hundred thirteen patients retained their forearm plates, of which five patients experienced complications related to the plate, including infection, bone failure, plate failure, and loosening. Patients retaining forearm bone plates reported minimal discomfort or functional limitation. Sixty-two patients had plate removal at an average of 19 months after insertion. Ten patients suffered major complications, including seven refractures through screw holes, osteotomy, or original fracture sites. Fractures occurred at an average of six months after plate removal. The difference in complication rates ...
Introduction: The aim of this study was to report the surgical management and to discuss the options for fracture fixation in an adult patient with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) who sustained a trochanteric femoral fracture after a simple fall from standing position. Case Report: As a result of multiple fractures during childhood, this adult patient with OI presented with a short stature. The radiographs revealed a displaced, intertrochanteric fracture with subtrochanteric extension of the left femur. The intramedullary canal was narrow, the femur presented with a severe bowing deformity, and the bone quality was poor. The implant of choice was plating using the reversed less invasive stabilisation system-distal femur (LISS-DF) technique. This technique was introduced for the management of subtrochanteric fractures in the elderly with poor bone stock. In addition, a locking plate attached to the LISS-DF allowed for additional screw placement at the apex of the curvature of the femur although the plate
we made a longitudinal incision 1 cm lateral to the tibial crest, expose the fracture, and retract the muscles laterally. After determining the length of plate, we used bending instruments to contour the plate to the anatomy then threaded plate holders used to position the plate on the bone. After that we placed the drill guide at the edge of the dynamic compression unit (DCU) portion of the plate hole without applying pressure and tightening of the cortex screws results in dynamic compression. We verified the screw position with a guide wire before insertion and then inserted the locking screw ...
Background: Diaphyseal humeral injuries account for 3 5% of all injuries. Treatment option varies from conservative cast and brace to internal fixation with plate and screws and intramedullary nailing. Among all options, plate osteosynthesis remains the gold standard for the operative fixation of humeral shaft fractures. In present series we have studied operative result of two different techniques in terms of operative difficulties, functional outcome and complications. Methods: Study was conducted over a period of three years on thirty patients with closed acute humeral shaft fracture requiring operative interventions. In all patients, an AO 4.5 mm dynamic compression plate or Locking Compression Plate was used through anterior approach in 15 patients and posterior approach in 15 patients. Post-operatively regular follow up done and during each follow up radiological and functional outcome evaluated. Result: In all patients fracture united in mean weeks of 13.5. Mean shoulder flexion 1590 , ...
February 7, 2008 - A new internally dynamized anterior cervical plating system, the Kinetic-SL, by Life Spine received 510(k) marketing clearance by the FDA, according to the company. The plate, with a thin profile and a narrow plate width (16mm), was created from the clinical need to address small stature patients, according to Life Spine. Like the original Kinetic, Kinetic-SL features 0-2mm of fully adjustable internal dynamization per level and an ultra slim pre- lordosed profile. Plate sizes range from 21mm to 111mm, in levels one to five. The Kinetic design allows for generous screw angulation, as well as a large graft window. Like the companys Neo-SL plate, an integrated lock allows bone screws to be securely fixated without any additional locking components. The self-retaining screw capture mechanism prevents screw backout, while still allowing screw angulation.. For more information: www.lifespine.com. ...
Laser Spine Institute offers minimally invasive stabilization surgery to treat the source of instability-related pain and symptoms.
Global Anatomical Locking Compression Plate Market Professional Survey Report 2017" Purchase This Report by calling ResearchnReports.com at +1-888-631-6977.. This market report is a thorough analysis of the existing situation and the anticipated condition for Anatomical Locking Compression Plate market. Investigation for gathering the content for this report is done in depth and meticulously. Present scenarios, past progress, global recognition and future prospects of the global market is offered in this report. Main strategies, market shares, products of the companies and investments in this market is also mentioned in detail.. Compressive outline of global Anatomical Locking Compression Plate market depending on key factors and segmentations such as end users, applications, regions and products is elaborated. Estimated revenue and volume growth of the market over the mentioned forecast period of 2017 to 2022 is also explained in detail. Former and current state of shares of the major key ...
China Proximal Tibial Lateral Locking Compression Plate LCP, Find details about China Orthopedic Locking Plate, LCP Plate from Proximal Tibial Lateral Locking Compression Plate LCP - Suzhou Gemmed Medical Instrument Co., Ltd.
China Tibial Platform Locking Compression Plate LCP, Find details about China Orthopedic Locking Plate, Tibial LCP Plate from Tibial Platform Locking Compression Plate LCP - Suzhou Gemmed Medical Instrument Co., Ltd.
This procurement specification covers inserts made from A286 alloy of the type identified under the Unified Numbering System as UNS S66286 which have non-locking internal threads and integrated locking keys to positively secure the insert against rotation when properly installed in threaded hole
MecArmy EK3RT Titanium Non-locking EDC Pocket Folding Knife 1096510966 *After a long time test and human touch design, total length control at 164.7mm, a good size for carry, get recognized and affirm for everyday carry. *Unique handle made, exquisite and compact, lightweight grip, available for DIY. *Uses M390 powder steel for Blade, hardness 50~60HRC. *The whole knife assembly by 14 parts, each parts completed by multiple procedure. *Water-drop hollowed-out design for Blade for
DePuy Synthes Spine* announced it is expanding its collaboration with Brainlab through the worldwide launch of navigation-ready instrumentation for its leading spine systems, and an exclusive global agreement to co-market Airo® Mobile Intraoperative CT by Brainlab.
Improve your fracture case economics with competitively priced, state-of-the-art fracture fixation implants from Acumed. Your Acumed rep doesnt just pr
The SKYLINE® Hybrid Anterior Cervical Plate System optimized visualization while instilling the confidence afforded through a proven locking technology.
A two-and-half-year-old cow was presented with a defect nonunion of the right metatarsal III/IV bone following a severely comminuted open fracture two months previously. The animal underwent open fixation using a 4.5 mm, broad, 10-hole, dynamic compression plate and autogenous cancellous bone graft collected from the contralateral iliac shaft. The animal started partial weight bearing after the third postoperative day and resumed complete weight bearing after the 10th day. Fracture healing was complete and the implants were removed after the 120th postoperative day. ...
Looking for bone plate? Find out information about bone plate. see electron tube electron tube, device consisting of a sealed enclosure in which electrons flow between electrodes separated either by a vacuum or by an... Explanation of bone plate
ACE ORTHO CARE PVT. LTD. based in New Delhi, India is a manufacturer, supplier and exporter of Angle Blade Plates at the best price.
GPC Medical - Indias largest manufacturer and supplier of non-locking large fragment plating system including angle blade plates, condylar plates, buttress plates, DHS plates, DCS plates, dynamic self compression plates etc. Get a free catalog now.
Like my testicle dessert plate? Created using real human tissues, these bone china histology dessert plates are available in 4 different human tissue designs: Testicle, Liver, Thyroid, and Esophagus. nice! #51571 problem! ...
Welcome to the DePuy Synthes companies eModel App. It allows you to interactively view 3D bone models. Freely rotate and zoom the model via simple touch control, navigate between different pre-set vie
Johnson & Johnsontapped its war chest andagreed to buy the Swiss-American orthopedic device maker Synthes for $21.3 billion in cash and stock. The deal, which
|b||/b||br||div|DePuy Synthes Companies of Johnson & Johnson is recruiting for an Extremity Sales Specialist in the South Region. States that the individual can be
SAMAY SURGICAL - Manufacturer & Supplier of Locking Plate Orthopedic Implants,DHS Plate,Locking Plates,Locking Compression Plate,Surgical Locking Plates,locking attachment plate,Orthopedic Locking Plates,Reconstruction plates orthopedics,Locking T Buttress Plate, India
A spinal disc prosthesis comprises an upper flat rigid plate, a lower flat rigid plate, and a flat elastomeric core interposed between said plates and adhered to the plates. A plurality of spaced-apar
A storage rack entry vehicle for transporting loads of substantial weight in a warehousing system includes a plurality of wheels spaced from each other in the direction of both the length and the width of the vehicle and which support the vehicle for movement upon rails. The vehicle also includes an elevatable platform which supports the loads on the vehicle and distributes the load weight to locations adjacent each of the wheels. A rigid plate connects both the wheels and the load supports. However, this rigid plate is sufficiently flexible such that the plate flexes to maintain all of the wheels in continuous contact with the rails where one of the rails may vary in elevation such that at least one of the wheels might otherwise move out of contact with the rail surface.
A hand held tool for crimping a stent onto a balloon of a catheter is disclosed. The stent crimping tool is operated in one hand by squeezing two plates together while simultaneously displacing the plates linearly to crimp and roll the stent held between the plates. Specifically, the crimping tool includes a base plate with two bosses through which respective pins pass linking the base plate to a compression plate. The compression plate has elongated diameter openings at opposite sides thereof to receive the pins. With the elongated diameter openings, the compression plate can pivot at the pins and translate linearly relative to those pins thus enabling the rolling action during the crimping process. A compression profile pad and a tapered profile pad are attached to the crimping areas of the plates to grip and together apply pressure to the uncrimped stent held therebetween. The pads may include specific contours in order to impart a desired profile to the crimped stent.
Laser Spine Institutes Scottsdale facility offers both minimally invasive stabilizations and minimally invasive procedures to treat a variety of the most common and devastating conditions.
LB(Luria-Bertani Medium) plates contain 1% Trypton, 0.5% yeast extract, 1.0% NaCl and 1.5% agar with a final pH of 7.0 unless otherwise specified. All plates are made of the highest quality ingredients available and tested for solubility, clarity, color, pH and the growth or inability to grow of appropriate recombinant strains of E. coli to demonstrate the efficacy of the antibiotics and indicator dyes. The plates are dated and guaranteed for 8 weeks from the date of shipment although many antibiotic plates can be stored at 4oC for longer. ...
LB(Luria-Bertani Medium) plates contain 1% Trypton, 0.5% yeast extract, 1.0% NaCl and 1.5% agar with a final pH of 7.0 unless otherwise specified. All plates are made of the highest quality ingredients available and tested for solubility, clarity, color, pH and the growth or inability to grow of appropriate recombinant strains of E. coli to demonstrate the efficacy of the antibiotics and indicator dyes. The plates are dated and guaranteed for 8 weeks from the date of shipment although many antibiotic plates can be stored at 4oC for longer. ...
Objective: This study aims to discuss the clinical effects of Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Plate Osteosynthesis (MIPPO) technology in patients with..
This exercise describes a technique (drop plating) for enumerating biofilm cells that can be used instead of standard spread or pour plating techniques. The materials for the technique are economical and readily available. An entire dilution series with replicates can be obtained on just two plates of medium. Instead of the typical 0.1 ml of sample being plated, 5 x 10 µl aliquots are placed on the surface of the plate in drops. The plate is duplicated and the number of colonies appearing in the 10 x 10 µl drops are averaged to determine the plate count ...
These 10 packs of metal zipper pulls are made specifically to #5 Zipper-By-The-Yard. You can put zipper pulls on from either direction to make double-pull zippers. Non-locking, dangle style pull. Shiny metal finish. 2 way pulls, so you can add pulls from either direction. Zipper-by-the-Yard SOLD SEPARATELY 10 in a pa
Compact body body size: standard + 25mm non-locking type body length standard + 25mm locking type compact guide cylinder end lock type series mgp
The Royal Genware Classic Plates are covered in a high impact resistance glaze and will complement any table setting and create a modern presentation.
I am trying to run a 3700 with ,96 capillaries. The ideal situation would be to be able to run a 384 well plate and another 384 well plate with 16 samples. So a total of 98 samples per run. I set the run preferences to accept runs of up to 104 samples but the Data collection software still breaks up the plates into 2 seperate runs. It does not do this however when linking two 96 well plates one with all 96 samples the other with 8. Has anybody tried this? and If can someone advise me on how to trick data collection into thinking that two 384 well plates are actually 4 runs and not 8? Thank you, Carrie Sougnez carrie at genome.wi.mit.edu ...
|br /| Standard Silia|em||span style=color: rgb(97, 169, 211);|Prep|/span||/em| 96 Well Plates are available in 2 mL with different bed weight up to 200 mg. Various sorbents are available and are divided into several sections based on sorbent character
|br /| Standard Silia|em||span style=color: rgb(97, 169, 211);|Prep|/span||/em| 96 Well Plates are available in 2 mL with different bed weight up to 200 mg. Various sorbents are available and are divided into several sections based on sorbent characte
Front Number Plates are colour-matched to stock or in optional colours, Pre-drilled pieces mount easily to stock locations, Made in Italy
Small plates - Dont worry, we dont think that you should use the ones for babies. These plates are for adults, but only smaller, because in that way you will definitely put less food and it wont seem like that because they are small, so almost every amount will seem large. There is only one trick- you just have to make sure that you dont eat another one.. If you are on diet where you have to measure every single thing you eat, or you simply want to limit yourself when it comes to food, scales are definitely one of the best solutions in the world.. By using one, you will be able to eat correct amount of food and luckily you cant go wrong with that, because scales are always reliable - except when we measure ourselves.. ...
Another thing theyve been doing is playing around with images on 24-well plates. For those who havent used them, 24-well plates are usually run on a plate-reader which reads samples from every well, used mostly (in our lab) for overnight assays or (as I should be doing tomorrow) as a glorified spectrometer, measuring a range of absorbances over different wavelengths ...
The Presto™ 96 Well Plasmid Kit was designed for high-throughput purification of plasmid DNA from 1-5 ml of cultured bacterial cells per well using an efficient 96 well filter plate and 96 well binding plate system.
Presto™ 96 Well PCR Cleanup Kits were designed for DNA fragments purification from PCR or other enzymatic reactions using an efficient 96 well binding plate system.
PURPOSE: Locking plate osteosynthesis has become the preferred method for operative treatment of clavicle fractures. The method offers stable fixation, and would theoretically be associated with a low rate of fracture-related complications and reoperations. However, this remains to be explored in a large cohort, and our purpose was to assess the overall rates of complications and reoperations following locking plate osteosynthesis of mid-shaft clavicle fractures. METHODS: We identified all locking plate osteosynthesis of mid-shaft clavicle fractures operated upon in our department from January 2008 to November 2010 (n = 114). Nine patients did not attend the follow-up at our institution. The study group of 105 fractures (104 patients, 86 males) had a median age of 36 years (14-75 years). Follow-up ranged from 0.5 to 3.5 years. No patients were allowed to load the upper extremity for six weeks. By studying patient files and radiographic material, we assessed complications and reoperations. ...
Listings in Rehabilitation, Anterior Cervical Plating System, Hand Tools / Surgical Instruments, Sterilization Equipment, Biostatistics / Medical Writ...
Spine Surgery - C6-7 Anterior Cervical Discectomy (Diskectomy) and Spinal Fusion with Synthes Plate. Shows a posteriorly herniated C6-7 intervertebral (vertebral) disc. Surgical steps: 1. Surgeon makes an incision in the neck; 2. Removing the damaged disc tissue using pituitary rongeurs; 3. Harvesting a bone graft from the right iliac crest; 4 Placing the bone graft between the endplates of C6 and C7; and 5. Securing the synthes plate between the vertebrae using four screws.
Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) involves the implementation of implants to guide the healing process of a bone, as well as the open reduction, or setting, of the bone. Open reduction refers to open surgery to set bones, as is necessary for some fractures. Internal fixation refers to fixation of screws and/or plates, intramedullary bone nails (femur, tibia, humerus) to enable or facilitate healing. Rigid fixation prevents micro-motion across lines of fracture to enable healing and prevent infection, which happens when implants such as plates (e.g. dynamic compression plate) are used. Open Reduction Internal Fixation techniques often are used in cases involving serious fractures such as comminuted or displaced fractures or, in cases where the bone otherwise would not heal correctly with casting or splinting alone. Risks and complications may include bacterial colonization of the bone, infection, stiffness and loss of range of motion, non-union, mal-union, damage to the muscles, nerve ...
Internal, extramedullary osteosynthesis of distal femoral fractures which are focussed on in this study has been influenced by interesting developments in recent years. Driven by unsatisfying complication rates new fracture treatments have been looked for. Osteosynthesis materials, reduction techniques, techniques of implant placement and implants themselves - where development went to angular stable systems - have changed decisively. This study analyzes in a retrospective setting distal femoral fractures which were treated between 1.1.1995 and 31.9.2000 either with an internal fixator (LISS) or with conventional plate osteosynthesis. In this study 51 patients with 54 distal femoral fractures could be included. The Infection rate was non significantly lower in the LISS group (0% versus 11,1%), the rate of delayed union was non significantly higher. The only delayed union in the LISS group which needed secondary surgical intervention was seen in a patient with considerate bone loss which was not ...
Orthopaedic Instruments for Bone Screws & Plates for Vet surgeries. DLC is your Australian vet supply specialist. Browse online today.
Slow cooker - The present invention is a slow cooker. It has a housing, a container disposed in a hollow body of the housing, a lid and a sealing ring which sealingly engage the lid and the container. The container has a rim which is securely disposed with an engaging means for engaging with the lid. The engaging means comprises a movable member and an upper stationary member securely disposed on the rim of the container. The upper stationary member has an upper surface which is disposed with a sliding plate for the movable member to move thereon. The sliding plate has a limiting end surface atop for limiting movement of the movable member. A space is formed between the limiting end surface and the sliding plate for a tongue of the movable member to pass through. The movable member is disposed on the sliding plate of the upper stationary member. The tongue of the movable member passes through the space of the upper stationary member to press onto the lid, and the movable member is secured onto ...
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (PCCP) Associate Editor Professor Seong Keun Kim, an expert in the field of biophysics and biophysical chemistry, has picked some of his favourite articles recently published in this area in PCCP.. You can read these articles for free for a limited period by clicking on the links below.. Publishing work of the highest quality in the broad fields of physical chemistry, chemical physics and biophysical chemistry, PCCP is the ideal place to publish your research.. Be among the first to hear about the newest articles being published in PCCP - sign up to receive our free table of contents e-alerts.. Read Professor Kims Editors choice selection for free today:. Perspectives. Mitochondrial biofuel cells: expanding fuel diversity to amino acids ...
Plates are used in arthrodesis, which is the surgical or artificially-induced method of ossifying two or more fragments of bone together. There are various sizes and shapes for plate devices, as they are manufactured to adapt to different anatomies. Once fracture healing is complete, a follow-up surgery may be required to remove the device from the patients body. Some countries have very high plate removal rates, yet in other countries such as the U.K., plates are only removed when a patient complains of irritation or pain. ...
Inquire Cranio-maxillofacail Osteosynthesis system: Mandible titanium plate: 1) 1.0mm thickness; 2) 22.1mm length; 3) 14.6mm width; 4) 4 holes; 5)... ,,, Ningbo Cibei Medical Treatment Appliance Co.,Ltd (Zhejiang ...
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: The authors present their initial multicenter experience in the surgical management of 1-level degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine with anterior cervical discectomy and fusions (ACDF) u
According to the present invention, spinal stabilization systems are supplemented with a diagnostically opaque material to enable the diagnostic recognition of the components of these systems. These spinal stabilization systems may comprise one or more flexible spacers, and one or more elastic cords, either or both of which may comprise a diagnostically opaque material. Additional spinal stabilization systems are contemplated.
KOMAL HEALTH CARE PVT. LTD.- Leading manufacturer,supplier,exporter of Reconstruction Plates (Mandible) from Maharashtra, India. BuyReconstruction Plates (Mandible) at best affordable price.
System, including apparatus and methods, for fixing bone with a bone plate supported temporarily at a slant on bone by a leg member before the bone plate is used as a lever to reposition a region of the bone. In some embodiments, the leg member may be a post member that attaches to the bone plate by threaded engagement with an aperture of the bone plate. In some embodiments, the bone plate and the leg member may be used near the end of a long bone, such as on a distal portion of a radial bone.
AccessGUDID - Piccolo Composite Plate System (07290109334523)- Non-locking screw for use with distal fibula and 1/3 tubular plates
Principle of Screw and Plate Fixation & Mechanical Behavior of Implant Materials. Roles of Implants. Add stability Fracture fixation A plate used after osteotomy Replace damaged or diseased part Total joint replacement Healing stimulants. Advantages of Internal Fixation. No...
China Angled Thoracic Hook Surgical Metal Bone Plates, Find details about China Angled Thoracic Hook, Surgical Metal Bone Plates from Angled Thoracic Hook Surgical Metal Bone Plates - Canwell Medical Co., Ltd.
Today, DePuy Synthes*, in collaboration with LifeNet Health , launches ViviGen Formable Cellular Bone Matrix**, a second generation cellular allograft used to assist in the formation
Siemens and Synthes have recently released a new piece of software that lets trauma surgeons plan their cases by shuffling around pieces of broken bone and
DePuy Synthes Inc - Product Pipeline Analysis, 2017 Update Size and Share Published in 2017-08-04 Available for US$ 750 at Researchmoz.us
... - Jan 16, 2019 - PEI - Photofabrication Engineering Inc.
Implants for fracture and/or osteotomy fixation are often tested according to basic mechanical test models such as open gap tests or 4-point-bending tests. These may be suitable to test and compare different implants for safety and clinical approval, but are not always representative of the post-operative situation, which is decisive when it comes to bone healing. In the current study the Knee Expert Group of the Association for the Study of Internal Fixation has compared the available open gap test results of the latest version of the TomoFix Medial Distal Femoral Plate and the antecedent plate design, with the test results of a more physiological and life-like test model. In the open gap test model the antecedent plate design was found to have superior stiffness and fatigue strength. In the current study simulated postoperative conditions for medial closing wedge supracondylar osteotomies were used. The constructs were subjected to cyclical axial and torsional loading and were subsequently tested to
An anterior spinal fixation device which provides an anterior lumbar and cervical fusion fixation system which has numerous advantages over existing anterior, posterior and lateral implant systems. An
40 year old. male with history of falling off a truck while doing some work had complained of low back pain, muscle spasm, hand and feet numbness, and neck pain since the time of the action. Patient underwent C5-6 and C6-7 anterior cervical discectomy with fusion using anterior plating.. ...
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A spinal fixation system and method for mechanically fusing a skull and a portion of a spine are described. In an embodiment, the fixation system includes a plate, connecting members for attaching the
A polyaxial orthopedic device for use with rod implant apparatus includes a screw having a curvate head, a cross bar mounting element having a socket into which the head of the screw is initially polyaxially nested. The cross bar mounting element further includes a vertical split which permits the socket to be expanded or compressed via the application of a corresponding force directed at the split. The cross bar mounting element further includes a pair of upwardly extending members which define a trough into which a cross bar element is positioned. The cross bar element includes features which permit the secure fixation of a rod thereto, as well as a selectively slideable element, such as a nut, which may be tightened to apply the compressive force necessary to compress the interior volume onto the head of the screw, thus locking the assembly in place.
Here the number plates are issued to the driver, not the car. They fit easily with little spring clips, and you can use the same plates on up to three cars, paying insurance only for the most expensive. Plates are issued by insurance companies through local offices staffed with clever and capable office ladies who scrutinise carefully all documents and make it virtually impossible for a non-qualifying driver to get a pair of plates. Only EU or international driving licences work here, and you still need insurance to get a pair of plates. This means you will see in the Summer in the cities loads of gloomy migrants on bicycles. Mostly they have to be taught to ride them, and its a comic sight to see a squad of former Sryian tank commanders, Iraqi tanker drivers and Afghani taxi operators wobbling around a sports centre car park on learner bikes. Being confined to cycles and watching Austrian women confidently whizzing about in cars really pisses them off. ...
We were told that they were performing a fixation of the C1 and C2, this means two small screws in either side and a small titanium plate joining them up to keep them perfectly straight. This means that she wont be able to turn her neck as much as before. Im sure she will cope, she hasnt been able to turn her neck for the last ten months anyway. We were also told that she might need a further plate on the occipital joint at the base of her skull which means that she wouldnt have been able to look up or down either. Again, she hasnt been able to look up or down for the past 10 months. However, once in there they decided that they wouldnt need the plate on the occipital joint. They were not happy with the C1 on the left side, the bone that had deteriorated, so they performed a bone graft from her skull and added it to the C1 to give it more strength ...
China Thoracic Infralaminar Hook Ll Surgical Metal Bone Plates, Find details about China Thoracic Infralaminar Hook Ll, Spinal Hook from Thoracic Infralaminar Hook Ll Surgical Metal Bone Plates - Canwell Medical Co., Ltd.
62 years gentleman presented to us with infected Right TKR which was performed 1 year ago elsewhere.. A 2 stage revision TKR was planned. In the first stage primary prosthesis was removed, thorough debridement was done and customized, mobile antibiotic cement spacer was placed in situ. Antibiotics were given for a total of 6 weeks till the infection was eradicated. 8 weeks later 2nd stage revision TKR done with RHK (Rotating Hinge Knee) and Stem Extender and Metallic Augment ( Distal and Posterior Femur Augments / Wedges).. Patient is comfortable and walking pain free with full weight bearing with no sign suggestive of recurrence of infection.. Revision TKR in the scenario of infection is challenging. At our center we have successfully managed many such cases.. ...
Growth plates are areas of cartilage at the ends of the bodys long bones. Because the growth plates are the last portion of a childs bones to harden (ossify), they are particularly vulnerable to fracture.
This is the trickiest and most important part. This part depends on what materials you use, if you ceramic besides PCB then the procedure would be little different. I used PCB because the ceramic was not available in my lab. Get a plane PCB plates cut them in size of 1.5X2 inches get 6 of them and stack them together; slide 21 and 22. Make 3/8 through holes in all the plates on long side to align the holes made on the box-wall on lamp side vertically. Prepare two peace of 1/4 inch thick metal (choose you own dimensions) as shown in the slide 22. Make 2 3/8 holes on each side of each plate. Drill one through hole on each plate to fit the lamp connector pins (this is important to be very careful). Take 3 PCB plates and make 4 4/40 through holes to align the 4 holes on the 2 metal plates. Take 2 PCB plates and make 4 4/40 screws head size holes to fit the 4/40 screw heads. Leave the left over PCB plate alone. Now stack them in this order: put 4/40 screws in 3 (4/40 size hole) PCB plates in ...
It costs more to hang a vanity plate on your car, so you want to be sure your message stands out. Some of these plates are clever, others may make your laugh and still others may leave you scratching your head. A few appear to have slipped under the radar of DMV censors who are not as vigilant as Texas vanity plate arbiters.. ...
The primary objective of this study was to summarize information related to the use of portland cement concrete pavement (PCCP) for urban intersection construction in Washington State.
This is the trickiest and most important part. This part depends on what materials you use, if you ceramic besides PCB then the procedure would be little different. I used PCB because the ceramic was not available in my lab. Get a plane PCB plates cut them in size of 1.5X2 inches get 6 of them and stack them together; slide 21 and 22. Make 3/8 through holes in all the plates on long side to align the holes made on the box-wall on lamp side vertically. Prepare two peace of 1/4 inch thick metal (choose you own dimensions) as shown in the slide 22. Make 2 3/8 inche holes on each side of each plate. Drill one through hole on each plate to fit the lamp connector pins (this is important to be very careful). Take 3 PCB plates and make 4 4/40 inch through holes to align the 4 holes on the 2 metal plates. Take 2 PCB plates and make 4 4/40 screw-head size holes to fit the 4/40 screw heads. Leave the left over PCB plate alone. Now stack them in this order: put 4/40 screws in 3 (4/40 inch size hole) PCB ...
The Deben PCD Beam Blanker has been designed to provide JEOL and Hitachi FEG, LaB6 and tungsten SEMs with the capability of blanking, pulsing or otherwise modulating the electron beam.. The blanking unit utilises the PCD port on the side of the column (opposite the final aperture) and will operate at up to 40KV with a switch on/off time of approximately 50nS. There is also an integral probe current detector.. The deflection plates can either be positioned on the axis of the column or can be totally withdrawn when not required. The blanking plates are made from cobalt gold coated phosphor bronze to ensure that normal operation of the SEM is not affected when the plates are inserted. Length and separation of the plates have been chosen to give optimum blanking efficiency over beam voltages from 1kV to 40kV.. The complete blanking system comprises a PCD port adapter with retractable blanking plate assembly and integrated pulse driver. A remote power supply for the pulse driver and a compact desktop ...
Distance limiting self-retractable lifeline - A self-retractable lifeline ("SRL") having the combination of an active fall arrest braking system and a passive restraint distance limiting mechanism that allows a user to pretension and preset the distance that its cable is capable of paying out. The SRLs cable limiting mechanism includes a pretension assembly, which may include a pair of aligned plates and an actuator that temporarily mobilizes an arbor when the lever is opened. The arbor is affixed to the SRL housing and to an interior of a power spring that rewinds the cable back into the housing when the cable is paid out. The other end of the arbor is in a mechanical relationship to one of the aligned plates that prohibits rotational movement of the arbor when the aligned plates are engaged but allows rotational movement of the arbor when the aligned plates are temporarily disengaged. When pretensioning of the power spring is desired, the actuator is activated and a tension is applied onto at ...
The PUREVUE™ Visualization imaging platform, now available globally, has application in minimally invasive endoscopic surgery. We also recap the companys product launches in arthroscopy/soft tissue, joint replacement, spine and trauma.
A bone plate includes one or more locking devices which rotate to inhibit or prevent bone screws from backing out of the plate when installed on a patient. The locking devices can be in the shape of a bow tie or a capital letter I.
4. Revenue Cycle Management 2016 - We are seeking 2 terrific revenue cycle panelist at our 2016 HIT/CIO + Revenue Cycle Conference to be held in Chicago in July. If you have a suggestion or would like to join a panel, please email Scott Becker at [email protected] and Margo Vieceli at [email protected] We are also seeking panelists from growing technology firms for a panel on new ideas and growth companies. ...
United States District Court, N.D. California, San Jose Division,2013/05/24,DEPUY SYNTHES PRODUCTS, LLC, Plaintiff, v. SPINAL KINETICS, INC., Defendant. AND RELATED COUNTERCLAIMS.
AccessGUDID - ORTHO SOLUTIONS TRAUMA IMPLANTS FOR OSTEOSYNTHESIS (05055662903959)- 4.0MM X 22MM TITANIUM CANNULATED CANCELLOUS LAG SCREW
Malala Yousafzai was glad to hear that her long ordeal of surgeries will soon be over. Just two more to go, doctors in Britain say. Hopefully.
Photo by - Kat Robinson , This photo is about slice, white, plate, pie, food, baked goods, tableware, pastry, flatware, ware | Snapwire connects mobile photographers with businesses and brands that need creative imagery. Authentic, Royalty-Free stock photos created just for you.
Explore the Panasonic EH-HV52-K645 - Multi Straightener - Five attachments for various hairstyles from straight to curled and added volume. Smooth sliding plate offers effortless styling.
It is important to remove the bone plate as quickly as recovery is complete; specifically, this applies to patients with ordinary bones. once the bone
Osteosynthesis for fractured forearm (costs for program #106003) ✔ University Hospital RWTH Aachen ✔ Department of Orthopedics ✔ BookingHealth.com
We were paying special attention for anything that would tell a story about the animal. First we discovered gouges from shark bites on the lower jaw, then a shed sharks tooth at the left articular. While slowly preparing around the quadrate, we located the extracollumnellar cartilage, a semi rigid plate that often gets mistaken for a calcified tympanum. I waas shocked that this was still present with so much root infiltration. later while preparing between the pterygoids, small remnants of the tracheal rings were also discovered. I expected them there if present since they tend to get blown forward through the mouth after death, looking like a linguine dinner after a hard night of drinking. Unfortunately, no skin was present on this specimen, but as always, well be keeping an eye ...
Principal Investigator:SUZUKI Keiko, Project Period (FY):1997 - 1999, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Surgical dentistry
Holt County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of 2000, the population was 11,551. Its county seat is ONeill.[1] Holt County is located in the Outback area of Nebraska.[2]. In the Nebraska license plate system, Holt County is represented by the prefix 36 (it had the thirty-sixth-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).. ...
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Robert Liss, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
VWR 96-Well PCR and Real Time PCR Plates, Flat Plates- Model 82006-638 - Case of 10 : Polypropylene PCR plates are compatible with most thermal cycle
Suzhou Sunan Zimmered Medical Instrument Co., Ltd. has experiences of more than two decades in areas of innovation and production of orthopaedic implants, such as bone plates, bone screws, interlocking nails, spine implants/internal fixation systems, and all kinds of instruments, which are branded by
Coated plates: The 96-well plates are made of polystyrene and are coated with either inactivated antigen or antibody. The function of the plate has to hold the immobilized either antigen or antibody. Antigen or antibody present in the sample will bind to the plate. This coating acts as the binding site for the antibodies or antigens in the sample ...
Bone deformities may also improve over time. Occasionally surgery may be done to fix bone deformities. Genetic forms of the ... The underlying mechanism involves insufficient calcification of the growth plate. Diagnosis is generally based on blood tests ... Rickets is a condition that results in weak or soft bones in children. Symptoms include bowed legs, stunted growth, bone pain, ... Maternal deficiencies may be the cause of overt bone disease from before birth and impairment of bone quality after birth. The ...
... refers to fixation of screws and/or plates, intramedullary bone nails (femur, tibia, humerus) to enable or ... of the bone. Open reduction refers to open surgery to set bones, as is necessary for some fractures. ... which happens when implants such as plates (e.g. dynamic compression plate) are used. Open Reduction Internal Fixation ... Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) involves the implementation of implants to guide the healing process of a bone, as well ...
This was first suggested by Hulke in 1874, after the find of a bone plate in the neck region.[11] If so, Hypsilophodon would ... A sclerotic ring of fifteen small bone plates supported the outer eye surface. The back of the skull was rather high, with a ... Such plates are better known from Talenkauen and Thescelosaurus, and were probably cartilaginous in origin.[23] ... Fox, W.D., 1868, "On the skull and bones of an Iguanodon", British Association for the Advancement of Science, Annual Report ...
... open bone growth plates; pregnancy, implanted metal in the area (bone screws and pins); and people on medication that ... ESWT is also used to promote bone healing and treat bone necrosis. It is an effective alternative to surgical treatment of non- ... ISMST International Society for Medical Shockwave Treatment The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-Rompe et al. March 2002 pp. ... Cheng JH, Wang CJ (2015). "Biological mechanism of shockwave in bone". International Journal of Surgery. doi:10.1016/j.ijsu. ...
ethmoid bone (Тема 36)[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 153[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. *Cribiform plate ( ... Bones of the Distal Row (lower row) *Hamate bone (os hamatum; unciform bone) *Hamulus of hamate bone ... sutural or Wormian bones. The facial bones[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. The nasal bones (Тема 37)[редактиране , ... Horizontal part of palatine bone (pars horizontalis; horizontal plate of palatine bone) *posterior nasal spine ...
"Histopathologic study of long-bone growth plates confirms the basset hound as an osteochondrodysplastic breed". Can J Vet Res. ... This bone growth abnormality may be a predisposing factor in the development of elbow dysplasia seen in the breed, which leads ... An adult dog weighs between 20 and 35 kilograms (44 and 77 lb). This breed, relative to size, is heavier-boned than any other. ... The Basset Hound's short stature is due to the genetic condition osteochondrodysplasia (meaning abnormal growth of both bone ...
Sections of bone may be replaced with prosthetic rods or other parts. Sometimes a plate is inserted to replace a damaged area ... arthrodesis - surgical connection of adjacent bones so the bones can grow together into one. Spinal fusion is an example of ... In certain cases, bone may be cut to further access the interior of the body; for example, cutting the skull for brain surgery ... Orthopedic surgery, operations/surgeries and other procedures on bones and joints (ICD-9-CM V3 76-81, ICD-10-PCS 0P-S) ...
Holland, C. T. (1901). Description of Plates: Plate CXIV.(a): Bone in the Right Elbow. Archives of the Roentgen Ray. 5(4), 105- ... Holland, C. T. (1904). Description of Plate: Plate I: The Left and Right Kidney Regions: Plate A.(the Left) shows the Shadow of ... Plate CXVII.(b) and (c). Archives of the Roentgen Ray. 5(4), 106-106. Holland, C. T. (1901). Description of Plates: Plate CXX: ... Holland, C. T. (1899). Description of Plates: Plate LXXVII: A Tumour of the Thigh. Archives of the Roentgen Ray. 4(2), 47-47. ...
... also fontanelle and sutural bone-plates. J. Anat., Lond., 1911, 46. Stendall, J.A.S. 1949 Charles Joseph Patten 1870-1949. ...
The flattened plates, which each antenna terminates, are fitted together to form a club. The outer edges of the front legs may ... The adults and larvae feed on the dried skin, tendons and bone left by fly larvae. Hide beetles are the only beetle with the ...
The immature skeleton contains growth plates which have not yet completely ossified into stronger mature bone. Vertebral ... X-rays are often used to visualize pathology of bones and can be ordered when a vertebral fracture is suspected. CT scans ... Back injuries result from damage, wear, or trauma to the bones, muscles, or other tissues of the back. Common back injuries ... Treating osteoporosis with pharmacotherapy, enrolling in a fall prevention program, strengthening muscles and bones with a ...
A shadow-like entity that wears an elegant outfit with metal plates around his collar bone. Despite his gentlemanly manners, he ...
1986) found "extreme vascularization of the outer layer of bone",[57][55] which was seen has evidence that the plates "acted as ... It had proportionately large, broad plates and rounded tail plates. Articulated specimens show that the plates were arranged ... Plate arrangement[edit]. One of the major subjects of books and articles about Stegosaurus is the plate arrangement.[10] The ... The first cervical vertebra is the axis bone, which is connected and often fused to the atlas bone. Farther posteriorly, the ...
The "Geschickter tumor", a bone tumor found on the femur or humerus that is often malignant, is named after him. A partial list ... Geschickter, Charles F.; Cannon, Albert (1963). Central Nervous System: Illustrated with 293 Plates. Lippincott. Retrieved 2013 ... After their internship, Bloodgood invited both men to study bone tumors in his surgical pathology laboratory. In 1929 they were ... Geschickter, Charles Freeman; Copeland, Murray Marcus (1949). Tumors of bone. J.B. Lippincott Co. Retrieved 2013-01-02. ...
Their head is armoured with bone plates. The families of this order are generally small, bottom living, and unsuited as food ...
They not only thrive in the cold weather, they magically generate it from their bone-white plates. A cold-drake is described in ...
The membrane is removed from the inner side of an English-cut plate, and the plate sliced into its component ribs. The bone is ... When the rib bone is cut into a 3-to-6-inch (7.6 to 15.2 cm) length,[9][8] left as a section of meat (a "plate") containing ... For the bone abnormality, see Short rib - polydactyly syndrome.. Short ribs. The plate, an American cut of beef from which ... "Boneless" short ribs are cut from either the chuck or plate, and consist of rib meat separated from the bone.[9] "Boneless ...
As new nail plate cells are made, they push older nail plate cells forward; and in this way older cells become compressed, flat ... The underlying bone is a virtual mold of the overlying horny structure and therefore has the same shape as the claw or nail. ... The nail bed is the skin beneath the nail plate.[8][unreliable source?] Like all skin, it is made of two types of tissues: the ... The matrix produces cells that become the nail plate. The width and thickness of the nail plate is determined by the size, ...
The spikes of Kentrosaurus are very elongated, with one specimen having a bone core length of 731 millimetres.[6] The plates ... It had a, probably double, row of small plates running down its neck and back. These plates gradually merged into spikes on the ... The chevrons, bones pointing to below from the bottom side of the tail vertebrae, have the shape of an inverted T. The length ... The thigh bones come in two different types, suggesting that one sex was larger and more stout than the other. ...
Larger horses have larger bones; therefore, not only do the bones take longer to form bone tissue, but the epiphyseal plates ... These plates convert after the other parts of the bones, and are crucial to development.[55] ... The lower leg bones of a horse correspond to the bones of the human hand or foot, and the fetlock (incorrectly called the " ... The Shin Bone Is Connected to the Ankle Bone". Pet Column. University of Illinois. Archived from the original on September 9, ...
Bone Wars[edit]. Main article: Bone Wars. Illustration plate to Cope's 1870 description of several reptiles, including an ... Instead, the pair found large bones embedded in the rock.[63] Lakes wrote that the bones were "apparently a vertebra and a ... Port Kennedy Bone Cave. Footnotes[edit]. *^ Davidson found no evidence in any of the surviving Cope correspondence and papers ... Illustration plate from Cope's The Vertebrata of the Tertiary Formations of the Far West, featuring the skulls of Canidae from ...
... resulting in higher bone mineral density and trabecular bone volume, and persistent growth plate activity resulting in longer ... and growth plate proliferative activity in male mice". J Bone Miner Res. 26 (2): 298-307. doi:10.1002/jbmr.209. PMC 3179349. ... 2008). "Deletion of the G protein-coupled Receptor GPR30 Impairs Glucose Tolerance, Reduces Bone Growth, Increases Blood ... bones.[38][39] Clinical significance[edit]. GPER plays a role in breast cancer progression and tamoxifen resistance.[20] GPER ...
It regulates endochondral bone development by maintaining the endochondral growth plate at a constant width. It also regulates ... Miao et al. showed that disruption of the PTHrP gene in mice caused a lethal phenotype and distinct bone abnormalities, ... PTHrP is critical in intraosseous phase of tooth eruption where it acts as a signalling molecule to stimulate local bone ... PTHrP can simulate most of the actions of PTH including increases in bone resorption and distal tubular calcium reabsorption, ...
"Growth and function of Stegosaurus plates: evidence from bone histology". Paleobiology. Paleontological Society. 12 (4): 459- ... female birds grow a special type of bone in their limbs between the hard outer bone and the marrow. This medullary bone, which ... Fibrolamellar bone is fairly common in young crocodilians and sometimes found in adults. Haversian bone has been found in ... Developing bone found in juveniles is distinctly porous, which has been linked to vascularization and bone deposition rate, all ...
Into sixteen, placed on a plate, is exactly a complete chicken. After his subordinates and colleagues had eaten, they all said ... and the blood in the chicken bone is bright red; on the cutting edge method, a chicken is cut apart from the internal organs. ...
The feeling of hunger could be triggered by the smell and thought of food, the sight of a plate, or hearing someone talk about ... such as giraffes, camels, and cattle, will gnaw on bones to consume particular minerals and nutrients.[37] Also, cats, which ... Half of plate to be filled with vegetables, according to Harvard School of Public Health ... Hypercarnivores, however, have conical teeth and sharp carnassials meant for slashing, and in some cases strong jaws for bone- ...
Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Frontal Bone Hd M Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Facial Bone Anatomy Overview Mandible Maxilla, ... Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Exercise 9 Flashcards Easy Notecards Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Orbital Part Of Frontal Bone ... Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Facial Bone Anatomy Overview Mandible Maxilla Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Human Anatomy Lab 22 ... Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Exercise 9 Flashcards Easy Notecards, Orbital Plate Of Frontal Bone Orbital Part Of Frontal Bone ...
... includes an osseointegrated cylindrical member along with an adaptable threaded rod which may be used with a stabilizing plate ... In order to allow for bone growth and/or distraction, a constant activation rate between bone segments is applied by a torque. ... The alveolar distraction osteogenesis device may be affixed to small and thin bone segments. An alveolar distraction ... An apparatus and method for osteogenesis distraction of small alveolar bone is provided. ...
A bone plate includes one or more locking devices which rotate to inhibit or prevent bone screws from backing out of the plate ... Bone plate screw-blocking systems and methods. US8652182 *. 28 Sep 2009. 18 Feb 2014. Spinal U.S.A.. Bone plate with retainer ... Bone plate screw-blocking systems and methods. US20130204306 *. 13 Mar 2013. 8 Aug 2013. Spinal Usa, Inc.. Bone plate screw- ... A bone plate includes one or more locking devices which rotate to inhibit or prevent bone screws from backing out of the plate ...
... although the plate is also adaptable for other bone areas. The bone plate is comprised of a solid elongated rod portion and a ... The plates may be of predetermined lengths and curves to fit specific bones and contours or the plates may be supplied as ... The bone plate is particularly adaptable for fracture in the pelvic and acetabular area, ... A bone plate for bridging two portions of a broken bone which can be formed to fit and retain many irregular surfaces and yet ...
The bone plate generally includes a first mounting portion for attachment to a first bone portion, a second mounting portion ... for attachment to a ssecond bone portion, and an intermediate portion connecting the first mounting portion and the second ... A system for performing osteotomies includes a bone plate and a retractor assembly. ... A bone plate for securing the relative positions between first and second portions of a bone separated by a gap, the bone plate ...
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Home , December 15th, 2009 - Volume 34 - Issue 26 , Anterior-Only Stabilization Using Plating With Bone Structur... ... 1.Dai L-Y, Jiang L-S, Jiang S-D. Anterior-only stabilization using plating with bone structural autograft versus titanium mesh ... Anterior-Only Stabilization Using Plating With Bone Structural Autograft Versus Titanium Mesh Cages for Two- or Three-Column ... Anterior-Only Stabilization Using Plating With Bone Structural Autograft Versus Titanium Mesh Cages for Two- or Three-Column ...
9 is an alternate embodiment of a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a top surface. ... 1 is a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a top surface. ... 2 is a perspective view of a bone plate system extender plate emphasizing a bottom surface. ... The ornamental design for a bone plate system extender plate, as shown and described. ...
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... place a bone plate across the fracture, 3) attach one end of the bone plate to one of the broken pieces of bone :by means of ... 15 are in alignment with the bone plate P and the bone B. Next, the screw 71 is turned to cause the lug 35 to draw the bone ... 3. The bone plate P is provided with a hole H in the distal end thereof that extends across bone piece B". The function of ... Bone plate with screw lock. US20060149253 *. Jan 6, 2005. Jul 6, 2006. Doubler Robert L. Spinal plate with internal screw locks ...
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"Bone Plates" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Bone Plates" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Bone Plates" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Bone Plates" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Bone Plates". ...
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Standard Specification and Test Method for Metallic Bone Plates) [19]. The wave plates were shaped from straight plates as ... The wave plate shifts the neutral axis toward the lateral cortical region, so that the bone is in compression, while the plate ... bone deformities, and open growth plate. Metal plates have been used for the fixation of fractures since the end of the 19th ... bones, either as wave plate for simple fractures or as straight plate for complex fractures, in situations where the high cost ...
... for fixing bone with a bone plate supported temporarily at a slant on bone by a leg member before the bone plate is used as a ... the bone plate and the leg member may be used near the end of a long bone, such as on a distal portion of a radial bone. ... the leg member may be a post member that attaches to the bone plate by threaded engagement with an aperture of the bone plate. ... lever to reposition a region of the bone. In some embodiments, ... Bone Plates. A bone plate generally refers to any structure or ...
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  • Effect of Fixation Type and Bone Graft on Tarsometatarsal Fusion. (harvard.edu)
  • RESULTS: The addition of a fibular graft to the fixation plate led to 5 times lower intercyclic motion, 2 times lower fragment migration, and 2 times less residual plastic deformation. (uzh.ch)
  • CONCLUSION: Medial support with an intramedullary fibular graft in an angular stable fixation of the proximal humerus in vitro increases overall stiffness of the bone-implant construct and reduces migration of the humeral head fragment. (uzh.ch)
  • Eighteen patients were treated with a locking plate and an autologous crest bone graft (experimental group), and 22 were treated with only the locking plate and no bone graft (control group). (ovid.com)
  • Plates used for buttressing prevent collapse by supporting an area of thin cortex or cancellous bone graft. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is possible that a bone graft could be used to help with healing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Revascularization techniques, usually involving a bone graft taken elsewhere from the body - often held in place by an external fixator for a period of weeks or months - have been successful at stages as late as 3B, although their use at later stages (like most treatments for Kienböck's) is controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was also a proponent of using bone graft between the pterygoid plates and maxillary tuberosities. (wikipedia.org)
  • CSLP Variable Angle: For Use with the Cervical Spine Locking Plate System," Technique Guide, 2000 SYNTHES.RTM. (patentgenius.com)
  • Its medial end is sharp and pointed, and, when united with that of the opposite bone, forms a projecting process, the posterior nasal spine for the attachment of the Musculus uvulæ. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some, the plate extends at the front into a spinous process, the zygomatic spine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In front of the spine the circumference presents a concave, serrated edge, bevelled at the expense of the inner table below, and of the outer table above, for articulation with the squamous part of the temporal bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cut segments (two holes) of a medium-sized orthopedic stainless-steel plate were used to fashion the external fixation device. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The both ends of this bone was stabilized using mini bone plate of 4 holes in the group I , whereas prehardened cylinders of cement were implanted into rabbit radial defects in the group II rabbits. (thescipub.com)
  • The CNS is usually protected by the blood-brain barrier, but holes in the cribriform plate let bacteria get through the barrier. (wikipedia.org)
  • Show your loving bond with your dogs with this shiny rhodium plated sterling silver epoxied dog bone pendant necklace. (balfour.com)
  • This beautiful rhodium plated silvertone torc bracelet features a pair of three dimensional skulls at the tips, with vertebral bones connecting the skulls. (tanga.com)
  • Further back, there are at least twenty-two teeth per upper jaw side in the maxilla, while the entire lower jaw side carries thirty-two teeth in the dentary bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the lower jaw, a ridge on the outer surface of the angular bone articulated with the rear of the dentary bone, creating a locking mechanism unique to Tarbosaurus and Alioramus. (wikipedia.org)
  • there is one row of teeth (numbering 10 plus 3 replacements) on the dentary bone of the lower jaw. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previously, we developed digital topological analysis or DTA which classifies plates, rods, profiles, edges and junctions in a TB skeletal representation. (spie.org)
  • The shoulder girdle was narrow (often misaligned in skeletal mounts and drawings), with the clavicles (collar bones) touching at the body's midline, as in other basal sauropodomorphs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Created Using Real Human Tissues, These Bone China Histology Dessert Plates Are Availabl. (notcot.org)
  • During the stage of neural plate formation the embryo consists of three cell layers: the ectoderm that eventually forms the skin and neural tissues, the mesoderm that forms muscle and bone, and the endoderm that will form the cells lining the digestive and respiratory tracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The progenitor cells that make up the precursors to neural tissues in the neural plate are called neuroepithelial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bending of the neural plate involves the formation of hinges, where the neural plate is connected to surrounding tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Back injuries result from damage, wear, or trauma to the bones, muscles, or other tissues of the back. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Theriognathus means mammal jaw, the lower jaw is actually made up of several bones as seen in modern reptiles, in contrast to mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • This beautiful Regency Teacup, Saucer and Plate Set is part of our exclusive Netherfield Collection - a range of fine bone china crockery, made in England and branded with our Jane Austen silhouette logo and signature. (janeausten.co.uk)
  • A beautiful, fine bone china Regency Teacup, Saucer and Plate Set - part of our brand new and exclusive Netherfield Collection. (janeausten.co.uk)
  • Made in England from fine bone china in a beautiful blue rose design. (janeausten.co.uk)
  • Cool Blue Set - 6x Artists Designed Fine Bone China Plates has been added to your cart. (thenewenglish.co.uk)
  • This English fine bone china 22cm (8.6 inches) plate has been made in Staffordshire using traditional methods unchanged for 250 years. (historicroyalpalaces.com)
  • C.A.C China has a variety of durable dinnerware at all levels, including super white porcelain, fine bone china, bone white porcelain, off-white china, colored glaze china and Asian style china. (bavaria-restaurant.com)
  • Bone regeneration in artificial jaw cleft by use of carbonated hydroxyapatite particles and mesenchymal stem cells derived from iliac bone," International Journal of Dentistry , vol. 2012, Article ID 352510, 8 pages, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • Due to the great amount of corticocancellous bone in iliac crest, it is the most popular donor site for harvesting autogenous bone [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In 2011, a study was undertaken to quantify the comparative benefit of using a ventral iliac plate in a double pelvic osteotomy model, and the effects of a gap in the fixation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The correlation between the peak torque and cycles to failure revealed the potential of the DensiProbe to predict the failure of locked plating in vitro. (healio.com)
  • these lead from the medial foramina on the cribriform plate and lodge filaments of the olfactory nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because OSN axon bundles leave high-fidelity perforations (foramina) in the bone as they traverse the cribriform plate (CP) to reach the brain, we predicted that taxa with larger ORG repertoires would have proportionately expanded footprints in the CP foramina. (figshare.com)
  • Although the method has become quite popular, a major limitation is that DTA produces hard classifications only, failing to distinguish between narrow and wide plates. (spie.org)
  • The pubic bone has a front surface that is wider than the side surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pubic bone is obliquely directed to the front and is considerably longer than the ischium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike most other saurischian dinosaurs, which have pubic bones that point forward, several groups of maniraptorans have an ornithischian-like backwards-pointing hip bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • 11 . A bone plate according to claim 1 , wherein the first portions define a thickness T at said center of rotation, T=A/t, with 8≦t≦12. (google.co.uk)
  • 8. An implantable bone plate as described in claim 7 wherein the thickness of the rod is less than or equal to the diameter of the cylindrical upper portion. (google.com)
  • Under general anesthesia and aseptic condition the craniolateral surface of right radial was exposed and a piece of full thickness from mid-section of radial bone in length of 1cm was removed using electrical bone vibrator in the all rabbit. (thescipub.com)
  • The plane that divides the thickness of the plate in half is called the medial plane. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • and highly flexible plates, or membranes, where the deflection is more than five times the thickness. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • the length of a fiber in the direction of the thickness of the plate is regarded as unchanged. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In the case of flexible plates in calculations within the limits of elasticity, not only purely bending stresses must be considered but also stresses that are uniformly distributed over the thickness of the plate. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • When plates are under a load that acts in the medial plane, the stresses are distributed uniformly over the thickness-that is, the plates are under conditions that are more advantageous than in the case of a transverse load. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Plates are classified as thin and thick, depending on their thickness compared with the length of the elastic waves in their interior. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • According to one anonymous witness, these plates were "about the thickness of a piece of tin, fastened together in one corner by a ring passing through them. (wikipedia.org)
  • This evolutionary innovation involved many morphological changes such as webbed digits, elongation of the forelimb, and reduction in bone thickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Osteoclasts in the interior cavity continue to resorb bone until its ultimate thickness is achieved, at which point the rate of formation on the outside and degradation from the inside is constant. (wikipedia.org)