Bone and Bones
Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
Bone Marrow Cells
Hoof and Claw
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Yellow Nail Syndrome
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
Fracture Fixation, Internal
Alveolar Bone Loss
Leg Length Inequality
Head Injuries, Penetrating
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7
Bone Marrow Neoplasms
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4
Bone Demineralization Technique
Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal
Technetium Tc 99m Medronate
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6
Halo femoral traction and sliding rods in the treatment of a neurologically compromised congenital scoliosis: technique. (1/614)In severe congenital scoliosis, traction (whether with a halo or instrumental) is known to expose patients to neurologic complications. However, patients with restrictive lung disease may benefit from halo traction during the course of the surgical treatment. The goal of treatment of such deformities is, therefore, twofold: improvement of the respiratory function and avoidance of any neurologic complications. We report our technique to treat a 17-year-old girl with a multi-operated congenital scoliosis of 145 degrees and cor pulmonale. Pre-operative halo gravity traction improved her vital capacity from 560 c.c. to 700 c.c., but led to mild neurologic symptoms (clonus in the legs). To avoid further neurologic compromise, her first surgery consisted of posterior osteotomies and the implantation of two sliding rods connected to loose dominoes without any attempt at correction. Correction was then achieved over a 3-week period with a halofemoral traction. This allowed the two rods to slide while the neurologic status of the patient was monitored. Her definitive surgery consisted of locking the dominoes and the application of a contralateral rod. Satisfactory outcome was achieved for both correction of the deformity (without neurologic sequels) and improvement of her pulmonary function (1200 c.c. at 2 years). This technique using sliding rods in combination with halofemoral traction can be useful in high-risk, very severe congenital scoliosis. (+info)
Safety of the limited open technique of bone-transfixing threaded-pin placement for external fixation of distal radial fractures: a cadaver study. (2/614)OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety of threaded-pin placement for fixation of distal radial fractures using a limited open approach. DESIGN: A cadaver study. METHODS: Four-millimetre Schanz threaded pins were inserted into the radius and 3-mm screw pins into the second metacarpal of 20 cadaver arms. Each threaded pin was inserted in the dorsoradial oblique plane through a limited open, 5- to 10-mm longitudinal incision. Open exploration of the threaded-pin sites was then carried out. OUTCOME MEASURES: Injury to nerves, muscles and tendons and the proximity of these structures to the threaded pins. RESULTS: There were no injuries to the extensor tendons, superficial radial or lateral antebrachial nerves of the forearm, or to the soft tissues overlying the metacarpal. The lateral antebrachial nerve was the closest nerve to the radial pins and a branch of the superficial radial nerve was closest to the metacarpal pins. The superficial radial nerve was not close to the radial pins. CONCLUSION: Limited open threaded-pin fixation of distal radial fractures in the dorsolateral plane appears to be safe. (+info)
Mandibular subluxation for distal internal carotid exposure: technical considerations. (3/614)PURPOSE: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has become one of the most commonly performed vascular procedures, because of the beneficial outcome it has when compared with medical therapy alone and because of the anatomic accessibility of the artery. In cases of distal carotid occlusive disease, high cervical carotid bifurcation, and some reoperative cases, access to the distal internal carotid artery may limit surgical exposure and increase the incidence of cranial nerve palsies. Mandibular subluxation (MS) is recommended to provide additional space in a critically small operative field. We report our experience to determine and illustrate a preferred method of MS. METHODS: Techniques for MS were selected based on the presence or absence of adequate dental stability and periodontal disease. All patients received general anesthesia with nasotracheal intubation before subluxation. Illustrations are provided to emphasize technical considerations in performing MS in 10 patients (nine men and one woman) who required MS as an adjunct to CEA (less than 1% of primary CEAs). Patients were symptomatic (n = 7) or asymptomatic (n = 3) and had high-grade stenoses demonstrated by means of preoperative arteriography. RESULTS: Subluxation was performed and stabilization was maintained by means of: Ivy loop/circumdental wiring of mandibular and maxillary bicuspids/cuspids (n = 7); Steinmann pins with wiring (n = 1); mandibular/maxillary arch bar wiring (n = 1); and superior circumdental to circummandibular wires (n = 1). MS was not associated with mandibular dislocation in any patient. No postoperative cranial nerve palsies were observed. Three patients experienced transient temporomandibular joint discomfort, which improved spontaneously within 2 weeks. CONCLUSION: Surgical exposure of the distal internal carotid artery is enhanced with MS and nasotracheal intubation. We recommend Ivy loop/circumdental wiring as the preferred method for MS. Alternative methods are used when poor dental health is observed. (+info)
The use of Poller screws as blocking screws in stabilising tibial fractures treated with small diameter intramedullary nails. (4/614)Intramedullary nailing of metaphyseal fractures may be associated with deformity as a result of instability after fixation. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical use of Poller screws (blocking screws) as a supplement to stability after fixation with statically locked intramedullary nails of small diameter. We studied, prospectively, 21 tibial fractures, 10 in the proximal third and 11 in the distal third in 20 patients after the insertion of Poller screws over a mean period of 18.5 months (12 to 29). All fractures had united. Healing was evident radiologically at a mean of 5.4+/-2.1 months (3 to 12) with a mean varus-valgus alignment of -1.0 degree (-5 to 3) and mean antecurvatum-recurvatum alignment of 1.6 degrees (-6 to 11). The mean loss of reduction between placement of the initial Poller screw and follow-up was 0.5 degrees in the frontal plane and 0.4 degrees in the sagittal plane. There were no complications related to the Poller screw. The clinical outcome, according to the Karstrom-Olerud score, was not influenced by previous or concomitant injuries in 18 patients and was judged as excellent in three (17%), good in seven (39%), satisfactory in six (33%), fair in one (6%), and poor in one (6%). (+info)
Leg lengthening over an intramedullary nail. (5/614)Distraction osteogenesis is widely used for leg lengthening, but often requires a long period of external fixation which carries risks of pin-track sepsis, malalignment, stiffness of the joint and late fracture of the regenerate. We present the results of 20 cases in which, in an attempt to reduce the rate of complications, a combination of external fixation and intramedullary nailing was used. The mean gain in length was 4.7 cm (2 to 8.6). The mean time of external fixation was 20 days per centimetre gain in length. All distracted segments healed spontaneously without refracture or malalignment. There were three cases of deep infection, two of which occurred in patients who had had previous open fractures of the bone which was being lengthened. All resolved with appropriate treatment. This method allows early rehabilitation, with a rapid return of knee movement. There is a lower rate of complications than occurs when external fixation is used on its own. The time of external fixation is shorter than in other methods of leg lengthening. The high risk of infection calls for caution. (+info)
Combined spinal-epidural in the obstetric patient with Harrington rods assisted by ultrasonography. (6/614)We describe a patient with severe scoliosis, which had been corrected partially with Harrington rods, who requested epidural analgesia for labour. With no palpable landmarks, the use of ultrasound enabled identification of the vertebral midline and allowed provision of regional anaesthesia. (+info)
Sport related proximal femoral fractures: a retrospective review of 31 cases treated in an eight year period. (7/614)In an eight year period, 31 patients with proximal femoral fractures resulting from sports accidents were treated by implantation of either a Gamma nail or a dynamic hip screw. Return to work or sports and the time to bone healing did not differ very much between the treatments. Gamma nailing was clearly the best with regard to stability and time to full mobilisation (4.5 days), but required 39 minutes to perform compared with insertion of a dynamic hip screw (27 minutes). The incidence of complications and malalignments did not differ very much between the two, although, when Gamma nailing was first used in the authors' clinic, more intraoperative complications occurred than with the dynamic hip screw. Stable pertrochanteric fractures may be treated with a dynamic hip screw. Unstable pertrochanteric or subtrochanteric fractures are treated with a Gamma nail at the authors' institution. (+info)
Two stage reconstruction for the Shepherd's crook deformity in a case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. (8/614)Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia leads to progressive and disabling deformity involving the proximal femur. Conventional methods of treatment have been ineffective in controlling this problem. Two stage reconstruction was carried out in a case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia with bilateral shepherd's crook deformity. Bilateral subtrochanteric osteotomies with intramedullary fixation in the first stage and intertrochanteric osteotomies in the second stage with nail plate fixation was done to provide definitive control of the deformity. Bone graft was not used. (+info)
1. Onychomycosis: This is a fungal infection of the nail that can cause discoloration, thickening, and brittleness of the nails. It is more common in toenails than fingernails.
2. Paronychia: This is a bacterial or fungal infection of the skin around the nail that can cause redness, swelling, and pus.
3. Nail psoriasis: This is a chronic condition that causes redness, thickening, and pitting of the nails. It is often associated with psoriasis, an autoimmune disorder.
4. Nail trauma: This can occur due to injury or repetitive stress on the nail, such as from biting or picking at the nails.
5. Nail cancer: This is a rare condition that affects the skin underneath the nail and can cause thickening, discoloration, and bleeding.
6. Melanonychia: This is a condition where the nails become darkened due to an increase in melanin production. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to ultraviolet radiation, certain medications, and underlying medical conditions.
7. Nail fragility: This is a condition where the nails are weak and prone to breaking or splitting. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including nutritional deficiencies, systemic diseases, and trauma.
8. Nail abnormalities: These can occur due to a variety of factors, including genetics, infections, and certain medical conditions. Examples include clubbing of the nails, where the nails curve downward, and koilonychia, where the nails are thin and concave.
Nail diseases can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as nail scrapings, biopsies, or blood tests. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the condition and may involve topical or oral medications, changes to the diet or lifestyle, or surgery in severe cases. It is important to seek medical attention if you notice any changes or abnormalities in your nails, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
* Trim the nails straight across and avoid cutting them too short
* Avoid wearing tight shoes that pressure the toes
* Keep the feet clean and dry
* Soak the foot in warm water to reduce swelling
* Use a topical antibiotic ointment or cream to treat any infection
* Trim the nail edge to relieve pressure on the skin
* Wear proper fitting shoes to avoid further irritation
* Infection of the bone or nerve
* Cellulitis (inflammation of the skin and underlying tissue)
* Abscess formation
Note: This is a general overview of ingrown toenails. It is important to consult a medical professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.
There are several factors that can contribute to bone resorption, including:
1. Hormonal changes: Hormones such as parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin can regulate bone resorption. Imbalances in these hormones can lead to excessive bone resorption.
2. Aging: As we age, our bones undergo remodeling more frequently, leading to increased bone resorption.
3. Nutrient deficiencies: Deficiencies in calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients can impair bone health and lead to excessive bone resorption.
4. Inflammation: Chronic inflammation can increase bone resorption, leading to bone loss and weakening.
5. Genetics: Some genetic disorders can affect bone metabolism and lead to abnormal bone resorption.
6. Medications: Certain medications, such as glucocorticoids and anticonvulsants, can increase bone resorption.
7. Diseases: Conditions such as osteoporosis, Paget's disease of bone, and bone cancer can lead to abnormal bone resorption.
Bone resorption can be diagnosed through a range of tests, including:
1. Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: This test measures the density of bone in specific areas of the body. Low BMD can indicate bone loss and excessive bone resorption.
2. X-rays and imaging studies: These tests can help identify abnormal bone growth or other signs of bone resorption.
3. Blood tests: Blood tests can measure levels of certain hormones and nutrients that are involved in bone metabolism.
4. Bone biopsy: A bone biopsy can provide a direct view of the bone tissue and help diagnose conditions such as Paget's disease or bone cancer.
Treatment for bone resorption depends on the underlying cause and may include:
1. Medications: Bisphosphonates, hormone therapy, and other medications can help slow or stop bone resorption.
2. Diet and exercise: A healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, along with regular exercise, can help maintain strong bones.
3. Physical therapy: In some cases, physical therapy may be recommended to improve bone strength and mobility.
4. Surgery: In severe cases of bone resorption, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged bone tissue.
Some common types of bone neoplasms include:
* Osteochondromas: These are benign tumors that grow on the surface of a bone.
* Giant cell tumors: These are benign tumors that can occur in any bone of the body.
* Chondromyxoid fibromas: These are rare, benign tumors that develop in the cartilage of a bone.
* Ewing's sarcoma: This is a malignant tumor that usually occurs in the long bones of the arms and legs.
* Multiple myeloma: This is a type of cancer that affects the plasma cells in the bone marrow.
Symptoms of bone neoplasms can include pain, swelling, or deformity of the affected bone, as well as weakness or fatigue. Treatment options depend on the type and location of the tumor, as well as the severity of the symptoms. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these.
Some common types of bone diseases include:
1. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by brittle, porous bones that are prone to fracture.
2. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative joint disease that causes pain and stiffness in the joints.
3. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation and pain in the joints.
4. Bone cancer: A malignant tumor that develops in the bones.
5. Paget's disease of bone: A condition characterized by abnormal bone growth and deformity.
6. Osteogenesis imperfecta: A genetic disorder that affects the formation of bone and can cause brittle bones and other skeletal deformities.
7. Fibrous dysplasia: A rare condition characterized by abnormal growth and development of bone tissue.
8. Multiple myeloma: A type of cancer that affects the plasma cells in the bone marrow.
9. Bone cysts: Fluid-filled cavities that can form in the bones and cause pain, weakness, and deformity.
10. Bone spurs: Abnormal growths of bone that can form along the edges of joints and cause pain and stiffness.
Bone diseases can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, and bone biopsies. Treatment options vary depending on the specific disease and can include medication, surgery, or a combination of both.
The condition can affect anyone, but it is more common in older adults and people with certain underlying health conditions such as diabetes, circulatory problems, and immune deficiency disorders. It can also be a side effect of certain medications or a result of exposure to fungal spores in the environment.
There are several types of onychomycosis, including:
1. Distal lateral subungual onychomycosis: This is the most common type and affects the nails of the big toe and thumb.
2. Proximal subungual onychomycosis: This type affects the nails of the fingertips and toes.
3. White superficial onychomycosis: This type is characterized by a white, patchy appearance on the surface of the nail.
4. Candidal onychomycosis: This type is caused by a yeast infection and is more common in people with diabetes or compromised immune systems.
Onychomycosis can be diagnosed through a physical examination, medical history, and fungal cultures of the nail. Treatment options include topical creams and ointments, oral medications, and laser therapy. The best treatment approach depends on the severity and location of the infection, as well as the individual's overall health status.
Preventative measures for onychomycosis include keeping the nails clean and dry, avoiding sharing personal care items, wearing socks that absorb sweat, and using antifungal sprays or powders. Good hygiene practices and regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can also help prevent and manage onychomycosis.
The symptoms of a femoral fracture may include:
* Severe pain in the thigh or groin area
* Swelling and bruising around the affected area
* Difficulty moving or straightening the leg
* A visible deformity or bone protrusion
Femoral fractures are typically diagnosed through X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs. Treatment for these types of fractures may involve immobilization with a cast or brace, surgery to realign and stabilize the bone, or in some cases, surgical plate and screws or rods may be used to hold the bone in place as it heals.
In addition to surgical intervention, patients may also require physical therapy to regain strength and mobility in the affected leg after a femoral fracture.
Open fracture: The bone breaks through the skin, exposing the bone to the outside environment.
Closed fracture: The bone breaks, but does not penetrate the skin.
Comminuted fracture: The bone is broken into many pieces.
Hairline fracture: A thin crack in the bone that does not fully break it.
Non-displaced fracture: The bone is broken, but remains in its normal position.
Displaced fracture: The bone is broken and out of its normal position.
Stress fracture: A small crack in the bone caused by repetitive stress or overuse.
* Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI): A genetic disorder that affects the formation of bone tissue, leading to fragile bones and an increased risk of fractures.
* Rickets: A vitamin D-deficient disease that causes softening of the bones in children.
* Osteomalacia: A condition similar to rickets, but affecting adults and caused by a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium.
* Hyperparathyroidism: A condition in which the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH), leading to an imbalance in bone metabolism and an increase in bone resorption.
* Hypoparathyroidism: A condition in which the parathyroid glands produce too little PTH, leading to low levels of calcium and vitamin D and an increased risk of osteoporosis.
Bone diseases, metabolic are typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging studies such as X-rays or CT scans, and laboratory tests to evaluate bone metabolism. Treatment depends on the specific underlying cause of the disease and may include medications, dietary changes, or surgery.
Foot dermatoses refer to any skin conditions that affect the feet. These conditions can cause discomfort, pain, and difficulty walking. Some common types of foot dermatoses include:
1. Athlete's foot (tinea pedis): a fungal infection that causes itching, burning, and cracking on the soles of the feet and between the toes.
2. Plantar warts: small, rough growths on the soles of the feet caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
3. Calluses and corns: areas of thickened skin that can become painful due to pressure or friction.
4. Eczema: a chronic inflammatory skin condition that can cause dry, itchy, and scaly patches on the skin, including the feet.
5. Psoriasis: an autoimmune disorder that causes red, scaly patches on the skin, including the feet.
6. Vitiligo: a condition that causes white patches on the skin due to the loss of pigment-producing cells.
7. Actinic keratosis: a precancerous condition that causes rough, scaly spots on sun-exposed areas of the skin, including the feet.
8. Molluscum contagiosum: a viral infection that causes small, painless bumps on the skin, often found on the feet and hands.
9. Candidiasis: a fungal infection that can affect various parts of the body, including the feet.
10. Paronychia: an inflammation of the skin around the nails, which can cause redness, swelling, and pus-filled bumps on the feet.
These conditions can be caused by a variety of factors, such as fungal or bacterial infections, viruses, allergies, injuries, and genetic predisposition. Treatment options for foot dermatoses range from self-care measures like keeping the feet clean and dry to prescription medications like antifungals, topical creams, and oral medications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove growths or correct deformities.
It's essential to seek medical attention if you experience any persistent or recurring foot problems, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes. A dermatologist can help determine the underlying cause of your symptoms and recommend appropriate treatments.
In terms of symptoms, Yellow Nail Syndrome typically presents with yellow discoloration of the nails, skin, and whites of the eyes. The nails may also be thickened, brittle, and prone to crumbling or breaking. The condition can affect one or more nails, and may occur in conjunction with other symptoms such as respiratory infections, allergies, and skin rashes.
In terms of diagnosis, Yellow Nail Syndrome is usually diagnosed based on the appearance of the nails and any other symptoms that are present. A healthcare professional may also perform a physical examination and take a medical history to rule out other conditions that may be causing the yellow discoloration. In some cases, a skin scraping or biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
In terms of treatment, there is no cure for Yellow Nail Syndrome, but symptoms can be managed with topical creams and ointments, oral antibiotics, and addressing any underlying conditions. For example, antifungal creams may be used to treat fungal infections that may be contributing to the yellow discoloration. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed to treat bacterial infections, and corticosteroid creams or ointments may be used to reduce inflammation. In addition, addressing any underlying conditions such as allergies or respiratory infections can help to improve symptoms.
In terms of prevention, there is no known way to prevent Yellow Nail Syndrome, but good hand hygiene and avoiding exposure to harsh chemicals can help to reduce the risk of developing the condition. It's also important to regularly inspect your nails for any changes or abnormalities and seek medical attention if you notice any unusual symptoms.
In terms of the impact on daily life, Yellow Nail Syndrome can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life. The discoloration of the nails can be embarrassing and affect self-esteem, and the condition can also cause physical discomfort and pain. In addition, the underlying causes of the condition can make it difficult to perform daily activities such as dressing, grooming, or using utensils. It's important for individuals with Yellow Nail Syndrome to seek medical attention to manage symptoms and improve their quality of life.
Overall, Yellow Nail Syndrome is a relatively rare condition that can cause discoloration of the nails and other symptoms such as pain, swelling, and difficulty growing nails. While there is no cure for the condition, symptoms can be managed with topical creams, oral antibiotics, and addressing underlying causes. Early detection and proper management can help to improve the quality of life for individuals with Yellow Nail Syndrome.
Tibial fractures can range in severity from minor cracks or hairline breaks to more severe breaks that extend into the bone's shaft or even the joint. Treatment for these injuries often involves immobilization of the affected leg with a cast, brace, or walking boot, as well as pain management with medication and physical therapy. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bone fragments.
Some common types of hand dermatoses include:
1. Contact dermatitis: This is a type of eczema that occurs when the skin comes into contact with an irritant or allergen. It can cause redness, itching, and dryness on the hands.
2. Psoriasis: This is a chronic condition that causes red, scaly patches on the skin. It can affect any part of the body, including the hands.
3. Eczema: This is a general term for a group of conditions that cause dry, itchy skin. It can affect the hands as well as other parts of the body.
4. Dermatitis herpetiformis: This is a condition that causes small blisters or bumps on the skin, often in conjunction with other symptoms such as fever and joint pain.
5. Urticaria: This is a condition that causes hives or itchy, raised welts on the skin. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including allergies, infections, and environmental exposures.
6. Angioedema: This is a condition that causes swelling of the deeper layers of skin, often in conjunction with hives or other symptoms.
7. Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum: This is a condition that affects people with diabetes and causes raised, darkened areas on the skin, often on the hands and feet.
8. Hand eczema: This is a type of eczema that specifically affects the hands, causing dryness, itching, and redness on the palms and soles.
Treatment for hand dermatoses depends on the underlying cause and can include topical creams or ointments, medications, and lifestyle changes such as avoiding irritants and allergens, keeping the hands moisturized, and protecting them from extreme temperatures. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove affected skin or repair damaged tissue.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any persistent or severe symptoms on your hands, as early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
The symptoms of paronychia may include:
* Redness and swelling around the nail bed
* Pain and tenderness in the affected area
* Increased warmth and sensitivity to touch
* Thickening and pus-filled discharge under the nail
* Loose or separated nails
* Foul odor
The diagnosis of paronychia is typically based on a physical examination and medical history. A doctor may also perform a skin scraping or nail clipping to collect samples for microscopic examination or culture testing.
Treatment for paronychia depends on the cause and severity of the infection. For bacterial paronychia, antibiotics may be prescribed to clear the infection. For fungal paronychia, antifungal medication may be used. In severe cases, surgical drainage or debridement may be necessary.
Prevention measures for paronychia include:
* Keeping the hands and feet clean and dry
* Avoiding sharing personal items such as towels or nail care tools
* Trimming nails straight across and avoiding pushing back the cuticles
* Wearing gloves when performing activities that may cause nail injury
* Using antifungal powder or spray on the nails and surrounding skin
Complications of paronychia can include:
* Cellulitis: a bacterial infection of the skin and underlying tissue
* Abscess: a pocket of pus that forms as a result of the infection
* Gangrene: dead skin or tissue due to a lack of blood supply
* Nail loss: the nail may fall off or become deformed
* Scarring: permanent scars may form around the nail bed.
The alveolar bone is a specialized type of bone that forms the socket in which the tooth roots are embedded. It provides support and stability to the teeth and helps maintain the proper position of the teeth in their sockets. When the alveolar bone is lost, the teeth may become loose or even fall out completely.
Alveolar bone loss can be detected through various diagnostic methods such as dental X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. Treatment options for alveolar bone loss depend on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, bone grafting, or tooth extraction.
In the context of dentistry, alveolar bone loss is a common complication of periodontal disease, which is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bone. The bacteria that cause periodontal disease can lead to the destruction of the alveolar bone, resulting in tooth loss.
In addition to periodontal disease, other factors that can contribute to alveolar bone loss include:
* Trauma or injury to the teeth or jaw
* Poorly fitting dentures or other prosthetic devices
* Infections or abscesses in the mouth
* Certain systemic diseases such as osteoporosis or cancer
Overall, alveolar bone loss is a significant issue in dentistry and can have a major impact on the health and function of the teeth and jaw. It is essential to seek professional dental care if symptoms of alveolar bone loss are present to prevent further damage and restore oral health.
There are several types of bone cysts, including:
1. Simple bone cysts: These are the most common type of bone cyst and typically occur in children and young adults. They are filled with air or fluid and do not contain any cancerous cells.
2. Angiomatous cysts: These are smaller than simple bone cysts and are usually found near the ends of long bones. They are also filled with blood vessels and do not contain any cancerous cells.
3. Unicameral (simple) bone cysts: These are similar to simple bone cysts but are larger and may be more complex in shape.
4. Multicameral bone cysts: These are larger than unicameral bone cysts and may contain multiple chambers filled with air or fluid.
5. Enchondromas: These are benign tumors that occur within the cartilage of a bone. They are usually found in the long bones of the arms and legs.
6. Chondromyxoid fibromas: These are rare, benign tumors that occur in the cartilage of a bone. They are typically found in the long bones of the arms and legs.
7. Osteochondromas: These are benign tumors that arise from the cartilage and bone of a joint. They are usually found near the ends of long bones.
8. Malignant bone cysts: These are rare and can be cancerous. They may occur in any bone of the body and can be aggressive, spreading quickly to other areas of the body.
The symptoms of bone cysts can vary depending on their size and location. They may cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected limb. In some cases, they may also lead to fractures or deformities.
Diagnosis of bone cysts usually involves imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. A biopsy may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other possible conditions.
Treatment for bone cysts depends on their size, location, and severity. Small, asymptomatic cysts may not require any treatment, while larger cysts may need to be drained or surgically removed. In some cases, medication such as bisphosphonates may be used to help reduce the risk of fractures.
In conclusion, bone cysts are abnormalities that can occur in any bone of the body. They can be benign or malignant and can cause a range of symptoms depending on their size and location. Diagnosis is usually made through imaging tests, and treatment may involve observation, draining, or surgical removal.
There are several types of osteoporosis, including:
1. Postmenopausal osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis is caused by hormonal changes that occur during menopause. It is the most common form of osteoporosis and affects women more than men.
2. Senile osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis is caused by aging and is the most common form of osteoporosis in older adults.
3. Juvenile osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis affects children and young adults and can be caused by a variety of genetic disorders or other medical conditions.
4. secondary osteoporosis: This type of osteoporosis is caused by other medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, or ulcerative colitis.
The symptoms of osteoporosis can be subtle and may not appear until a fracture has occurred. They can include:
1. Back pain or loss of height
2. A stooped posture
3. Fractures, especially in the spine, hips, or wrists
4. Loss of bone density, as determined by a bone density test
The diagnosis of osteoporosis is typically made through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests, such as X-rays or bone density tests. Treatment for osteoporosis can include medications, such as bisphosphonates, hormone therapy, or rANK ligand inhibitors, as well as lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a balanced diet.
Preventing osteoporosis is important, as it can help to reduce the risk of fractures and other complications. To prevent osteoporosis, individuals can:
1. Get enough calcium and vitamin D throughout their lives
2. Exercise regularly, especially weight-bearing activities such as walking or running
3. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
4. Maintain a healthy body weight
5. Consider taking medications to prevent osteoporosis, such as bisphosphonates, if recommended by a healthcare provider.
The term "leg length inequality" is used in the medical field to describe a condition where one leg is shorter than the other, resulting in an imbalance and potential discomfort or pain. The condition can be caused by various factors, such as genetics, injury, or uneven muscle development.
There are several different types of leg length inequality, including:
1. Congenital leg length inequality: This is a condition that is present at birth and is caused by genetic or environmental factors during fetal development.
2. Acquired leg length inequality: This type of inequality is caused by an injury or condition that affects the bones or muscles in one leg, such as a fracture or tendonitis.
3. Neurological leg length inequality: This type of inequality is caused by a neurological condition, such as cerebral palsy, that affects the development of the muscles and bones in one leg.
The symptoms of leg length inequality can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but may include:
1. Pain or discomfort in the lower back, hips, or legs
2. Difficulty walking or standing for long periods of time
3. A noticeable difference in the length of the legs
4. Muscle spasms or cramps in the legs
5. Difficulty maintaining balance or stability
Treatment options for leg length inequality will depend on the severity of the condition and may include:
1. Shoe lifts or inserts to raise the shorter leg
2. Orthotics or braces to support the affected leg
3. Physical therapy to strengthen the muscles and improve balance and coordination
4. Surgery to lengthen the shorter leg, either by cutting the bone and inserting a device to lengthen it or by fusion of the vertebrae to realign the spine.
5. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be necessary to effectively address the condition.
It is important to note that early diagnosis and treatment of leg length inequality can help prevent further progression of the condition and reduce the risk of complications. If you suspect you or your child may have leg length inequality, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.
Terms related to 'Fractures, Open':
1. Closed fracture: A fracture where the skin is not broken and there is no exposure of the bone.
2. Comminuted fracture: A fracture where the bone is broken into several pieces.
3. Greenstick fracture: A type of fracture in children where the bone bends and partially breaks, but does not completely break.
4. Hairline fracture: A thin crack in the bone that does not extend all the way through the bone.
5. Stress fracture: A small crack in the bone caused by repetitive stress or overuse.
More Medical Definitions
There are several types of pigmentation disorders, including:
1. Vitiligo: A condition in which white patches develop on the skin due to the loss of melanin-producing cells.
2. Albinism: A rare genetic condition that results in a complete or partial absence of melanin production.
3. Melasma: A hormonal disorder that causes brown or gray patches to appear on the face, often in pregnant women or those taking hormone replacement therapy.
4. Post-inflammatory hypopigmentation (PIH): A condition where inflammation causes a loss of melanin-producing cells, leading to lighter skin tone.
5. Acne vulgaris: A common skin condition that can cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), where dark spots remain after acne has healed.
6. Nevus of Ota: A benign growth that can cause depigmentation and appear as a light or dark spot on the skin.
7. Cafe-au-Lait spots: Flat, light brown patches that can occur anywhere on the body and are often associated with other conditions such as neurofibromatosis type 1.
8. Mongolian spots: Bluish-gray patches that occur in people with darker skin tones and fade with age.
9. Poikiloderma of Civatte: A condition that causes red, thin, and wrinkled skin, often with a pigmentary mottling appearance.
10. Pigmented purpuric dermatosis: A rare condition that causes reddish-brown spots on the skin, often associated with other conditions such as lupus or vasculitis.
Pigmentation disorders can be difficult to treat and may require a combination of topical and systemic therapies, including medications, laser therapy, and chemical peels. It's essential to consult with a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.
Penetrating head injuries can cause significant damage to the brain and surrounding tissues, leading to a range of neurological symptoms and complications. Treatment for penetrating head injuries typically involves emergency surgery to remove the foreign object and repair any damaged tissue. The prognosis for these types of injuries depends on the severity of the injury, the location and extent of damage, and the promptness and quality of medical treatment received.
Some common causes of penetrating head injuries include:
1. Gunshot wounds: These are caused by high-velocity projectiles that can penetrate the skull and cause extensive damage to the brain.
2. Stabbing: This can occur with a sharp object, such as a knife or ice pick, that is inserted into the skull.
3. Impalement: This occurs when an object, such as a wooden stake or metal rod, is driven through the skull and into the brain.
4. Blunt trauma: This can occur when the head is struck with a blunt object, such as a hammer or baseball bat, causing a penetrating injury.
Symptoms of penetrating head injuries can vary depending on the location and extent of the injury. Some common symptoms include:
2. Confusion or disorientation
3. Dizziness or loss of balance
4. Weakness or numbness in the face or limbs
5. Vision problems, such as blurred vision or double vision
6. Hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
7. Slurred speech or difficulty speaking
8. Difficulty with coordination and balance
If you suspect that someone has sustained a penetrating head injury, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately. Prompt treatment can help to minimize damage to the brain and improve outcomes.
There are several types of hip fractures, including:
1. Femoral neck fracture: A break in the thin neck of the femur just above the base of the thigh bone.
2. Subtrochanteric fracture: A break between the lesser trochanter (a bony prominence on the upper end of the femur) and the neck of the femur.
3. Diaphyseal fracture: A break in the shaft of the femur, which is the longest part of the bone.
4. Metaphyseal fracture: A break in the area where the thigh bone meets the pelvis.
Hip fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
1. Osteoporosis: A condition that causes brittle and weak bones, making them more susceptible to fractures.
2. Trauma: A fall or injury that causes a direct blow to the hip.
3. Overuse: Repetitive strain on the bone, such as from sports or repetitive movements.
4. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as osteopenia (low bone density) or Paget's disease (a condition that causes abnormal bone growth), can increase the risk of hip fractures.
Treatment for hip fractures typically involves surgery to realign and stabilize the bones. This may involve inserting plates, screws, or rods to hold the bones in place while they heal. In some cases, a total hip replacement may be necessary. After surgery, physical therapy is often recommended to help regain strength and mobility in the affected limb.
Preventive measures for hip fractures include:
1. Exercise: Regular exercise, such as weight-bearing activities like walking or running, can help maintain bone density and reduce the risk of hip fractures.
2. Diet: A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D can help support bone health.
3. Fall prevention: Taking steps to prevent falls, such as removing tripping hazards from the home and using handrails, can help reduce the risk of hip fractures.
4. Osteoporosis treatment: If you have osteoporosis, medications or other treatments may be recommended to help strengthen your bones and reduce the risk of hip fractures.
1. Nail deformities: The nails may be misshapen, thickened, or have an irregular surface.
2. Kneecap deformities: The patellae may be small, misshapen, or dislocated.
3. Elbow deformities: The elbows may be bowed or stiff.
4. Skin problems: Some individuals with nail-patella syndrome may experience skin problems such as thickened skin on the palms and soles.
5. Joint pain: Pain in the joints, particularly the knees and elbows, is a common symptom of nail-patella syndrome.
Nail-patella syndrome is caused by mutations in the GDF6 gene, which plays a crucial role in the development of the nails, patellae, and elbow joints. The condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, meaning that a single copy of the mutated gene is enough to cause the condition.
There is no cure for nail-patella syndrome, but treatment options are available to manage the symptoms. These may include physical therapy, bracing, and medication to relieve pain and improve joint mobility. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct deformities or repair damaged tissue.
Early diagnosis of nail-patella syndrome is essential to prevent complications and manage the condition effectively. A healthcare provider will typically perform a physical examination and review the patient's medical history to make a diagnosis. Imaging tests such as X-rays or CT scans may also be ordered to confirm the diagnosis and assess the severity of the condition.
In addition to infectious causes, onycholysis can also be caused by non-infectious factors such as trauma, chronic diseases like diabetes or thyroid disorders, and certain medications. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as onycholysis can lead to more serious complications if left untreated. A healthcare professional can diagnose onycholysis by examining the nail and may perform tests such as a fungal culture or blood work to determine the underlying cause.
1. Leukemia: A type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow, characterized by an overproduction of immature white blood cells.
2. Lymphoma: A type of cancer that affects the immune system, often involving the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues.
3. Multiple myeloma: A type of cancer that affects the plasma cells in the bone marrow, leading to an overproduction of abnormal plasma cells.
4. Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS): A group of disorders characterized by the impaired development of blood cells in the bone marrow.
5. Osteopetrosis: A rare genetic disorder that causes an overgrowth of bone, leading to a thickened bone marrow.
6. Bone marrow failure: A condition where the bone marrow is unable to produce enough blood cells, leading to anemia, infection, and other complications.
7. Myelofibrosis: A condition characterized by the scarring of the bone marrow, which can lead to an overproduction of blood cells and an increased risk of bleeding and infection.
8. Polycythemia vera: A rare blood disorder that causes an overproduction of red blood cells, leading to an increased risk of blood clots and other complications.
9. Essential thrombocythemia: A rare blood disorder that causes an overproduction of platelets, leading to an increased risk of blood clots and other complications.
10. Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs): A group of rare blood disorders that are characterized by the overproduction of blood cells and an increased risk of bleeding and infection.
These are just a few examples of bone marrow diseases. There are many other conditions that can affect the bone marrow, and each one can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have a bone marrow disease, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. A healthcare professional can perform tests and provide a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Also known as nonunion or malunion.
Note: This term is not intended to be used as a substitute for proper medical advice. Do you have a specific question about your condition? Please ask your healthcare provider for more information.
Examples of 'Fractures, Closed' in a sentence:
* The patient suffered a closed fracture of his wrist after falling from a bike.
* The doctor diagnosed a closed fracture of the ankle and prescribed rest and physical therapy for recovery.
* The athlete was unable to continue playing due to a closed fracture of the collarbone.
Symptoms of Pachyonychia Congenita:
* Thickened, brittle, and crumbling nails
* Skin lesions that can be painful and disfiguring
* Scalp papules and nodules
* Perioral and perianal dermatitis
* Nail bed infections
* Bone and joint deformities
Treatment of Pachyonychia Congenita:
* Good oral hygiene to prevent nail infections
* Topical creams and ointments to manage skin lesions
* Antibiotics for bacterial infections
* Surgery to remove scalp papules and nodules
* Physical therapy to improve joint mobility
* PC is a chronic condition, and symptoms can persist throughout life.
* The condition can be challenging to manage, and patients may require ongoing medical care.
* With proper treatment, patients can lead relatively normal lives.
* Nail infections
* Skin infections
* Bone and joint deformities
* Social and emotional distress due to the appearance of the nails and skin.
* PC is a rare condition, affecting approximately 1 in 250,000 individuals worldwide.
* The condition can occur in families, with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern.
* PC can also occur sporadically due to mutations in the PACM gene.
* PC is caused by mutations in the PACM gene, which codes for a protein involved in skin and nail development.
* Mutations in the PACM gene lead to dysregulation of cell signaling pathways, resulting in the characteristic skin and nail abnormalities of PC.
Other key points:
* PC is often misdiagnosed or overlooked, leading to delays in appropriate medical care.
* Patients with PC may experience social and emotional distress due to the appearance of their skin and nails.
* Proper diagnosis and management of PC can improve quality of life for patients.
These tumors can cause a variety of symptoms such as pain, swelling, and weakness in the affected area. Treatment options for bone marrow neoplasms depend on the type, size, and location of the tumor, as well as the overall health of the patient. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.
Here are some examples of bone marrow neoplasms:
1. Osteosarcoma: A malignant tumor that arises from the bone-forming cells in the bone marrow. This type of cancer is most common in children and young adults.
2. Chondrosarcoma: A malignant tumor that arises from the cartilage-forming cells in the bone marrow. This type of cancer is most common in older adults.
3. Myeloma: A type of cancer that affects the plasma cells in the bone marrow. These cells produce antibodies to fight infections, but with myeloma, the abnormal plasma cells produce excessive amounts of antibodies that can cause a variety of symptoms.
4. Ewing's sarcoma: A rare malignant tumor that arises from immature nerve cells in the bone marrow. This type of cancer is most common in children and young adults.
5. Askin's tumor: A rare malignant tumor that arises from the fat cells in the bone marrow. This type of cancer is most common in older adults.
These are just a few examples of the many types of bone marrow neoplasms that can occur. It's important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms that may indicate a bone marrow neoplasm, such as pain or swelling in the affected area, fatigue, fever, or weight loss. A healthcare professional can perform diagnostic tests to determine the cause of your symptoms and develop an appropriate treatment plan.
Some examples of ectodermal dysplasias include:
* Epidermolysis bullosa (EB), a group of rare genetic disorders that cause fragile skin and mucous membranes.
* Ichthyosis, a group of genetic disorders that cause dry, scaly skin.
* Hereditary neurological and muscular atrophy (HNMA), a condition characterized by progressive loss of nerve cells and muscle wasting.
Ectodermal dysplasias can be caused by mutations in genes that are important for ectodermal development, such as genes involved in cell signaling, differentiation, and growth. These disorders can be inherited in an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked manner, depending on the specific gene mutation.
There is no cure for ectodermal dysplasias, but treatment may involve managing symptoms and preventing complications. This can include using protective clothing and devices to prevent skin injury, managing infections and inflammation, and addressing any related psychosocial issues. In some cases, surgery or other procedures may be necessary to correct physical abnormalities or improve function.
Overall, ectodermal dysplasias are a diverse group of rare genetic disorders that can have a significant impact on quality of life. Early diagnosis and intervention can help manage symptoms and prevent complications, and ongoing research is focused on understanding the underlying causes of these disorders and developing new treatments.
Terms related to 'Humeral Fractures' and their definitions:
Displaced Humeral Fracture: A fracture where the bone is broken and out of place.
Non-Displaced Humeral Fracture: A fracture where the bone is broken but still in its proper place.
Greenstick Fracture: A type of fracture that occurs in children, where the bone bends and partially breaks but does not completely break through.
Comminuted Fracture: A fracture where the bone is broken into several pieces.
Open Fracture: A fracture that penetrates the skin, exposing the bone.
Closed Fracture: A fracture that does not penetrate the skin.
Operative Fracture: A fracture that requires surgery to realign and stabilize the bones.
Conservative Fracture: A fracture that can be treated without surgery, using immobilization and other non-surgical methods.
Comminuted fractures are often more complex and difficult to treat than other types of fractures because they involve multiple breaks that may require different treatment approaches. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bone fragments, and the healing process can take longer for comminuted fractures compared to simple fractures.
Comminuted fractures are classified based on the number and distribution of the breaks in the bone. For example, a comminuted fracture may be described as being "segemental" if it involves multiple breaks in the same segment of the bone, or "non-segmental" if it involves breaks in multiple segments.
Treatment for comminuted fractures typically involves immobilization of the affected limb to allow the bone fragments to heal, as well as pain management and physical therapy to restore strength and range of motion. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to realign and stabilize the bone fragments or to remove any loose pieces of bone that may be causing complications.
Surgery is often necessary to treat bone cysts, aneurysmal, and the type of surgery will depend on the size and location of the cyst. The goal of surgery is to remove the cyst and any associated damage to the bone. In some cases, the bone may need to be repaired or replaced with a prosthetic.
Bone cysts, aneurysmal are relatively rare and account for only about 1% of all bone tumors. They can occur in people of any age but are most commonly seen in children and young adults. Treatment is usually successful, but there is a risk of complications such as infection or nerve damage.
Bone cysts, aneurysmal are also known as bone aneurysmal cysts or BACs. They are different from other types of bone cysts, such as simple bone cysts or fibrous dysplasia, which have a different cause and may require different treatment.
Overall, the prognosis for bone cysts, aneurysmal is generally good if they are treated promptly and effectively. However, there is always a risk of complications, and ongoing follow-up with a healthcare provider is important to monitor for any signs of recurrence or further problems.
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- About 10 million fractures occur worldwide each year, of which more than 60% are long bone fractures . (bvsalud.org)
- The mainstay of treatment has been reamed interlocking intramedullary nailing, but a variety of treatment options now exist for solitary fractures or fractures with associated injury. (medscape.com)
- Early attempts at internal fixation of such fractures achieved little success until Küntscher developed and utilized the intramedullary nail in 1937. (medscape.com)
- Fractures are unusual, but are at risk for a bone infection (osteomyelitis). (healthychildren.org)
- Unreamed unlocked intramedullary nail and unlocked nailing by the curved Küntscher nail for open tibial fractures. (who.int)
- Shah et al in Nepal until the second generation tissue and bone) were encountered in 30 (19.5%) nails with interlocking capabilities were provided to fractures. (who.int)
- Bone union was delayed for seven (5.3%) fractures. (who.int)
- The treatment principles of the AO group (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen ["working group for bone fusion issues"]) have revolutionized treatment of radius and ulna fractures. (medscape.com)
- Fractures of both bones of the forearm are usually classified according to the level of fracture, the pattern of the fracture, the degree of displacement, the presence or absence of comminution or segment bone loss, and whether they are open or closed. (medscape.com)
- Most nail gun injuries are puncture wounds to the hands and fingers, but nail guns also cause bone fractures, internal injuries, and even death. (cdc.gov)
- Treatment of open fractures of the tibial shaft with the use of interlocking nailing without reaming. (bvsalud.org)
- Thirty four (7.6) of the fractures involved the hand and only 13 (2.9) involved the foot bones. (bvsalud.org)
- Biodegradable intramedullary nail (BIN) with high-strength bioceramics for bone fracture. (bvsalud.org)
- It is generally agreed that intramedullary nails have significant advantages in rigid fracture fixation . (bvsalud.org)
- Metal intramedullary nails (INs) can provide strong support but a stress shielding effect can occur that results in nonunion healing in clinic. (bvsalud.org)
- Intramedullary nailing became prominent in the United States in the 1970s. (medscape.com)
- Since the intramedullary nailing technique was introduced in 1939, it has continued to evolve into the antegrade reamed interlocking nails that are the standard today. (medscape.com)
- Surgical options in adults include the mainstays of intramedullary nailing, either antegrade or retrograde. (medscape.com)
- Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones. (bvsalud.org)
- This makes Kettle & Fire's Chicken Bone Broth an excellent natural source of nutrients, vitamins, and amino acids. (bigbluetest.org)
- And because we believe that nutrients play a big role in hair, skin, and nail health, we've included our favorite beauty-boosting supplements as well. (betternutrition.com)
- Provides valuable nutrients for the skin, bones, hair and nails. (live-live.com)
- Amino acid chelated calcium, enhanced absorbtion bone nutrients. (vitasprings.com)
- Ethical Nutrients Bone Builder and plus formulas. (vitasprings.com)
- Kettle & Fire's Chicken Bone Broth helps to promote gut health, youthful looking skin, and a strong immune system. (bigbluetest.org)
- Grass-fed beef is an excellent base ingredient for bone broth, as it helps to aid gut health, ease achey joints, and boost the creation of healthy skin, nails and hair. (bigbluetest.org)
- Skin or nail is cut and No past tetanus shots. (healthychildren.org)
- Supports healthy hair, skin, and nails. (doterra.com)
- Silica is one of the most abundant minerals in the world and a crucial component of good health, particularly for skin, bones, hair and nails. (live-live.com)
- The best bone broths are made by simmering organic chicken, beef bones, and connective tissue to create a stock high in macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals. (bigbluetest.org)
- Experiments show that the BINs could not only fix and support the tibial fracture model, but also promote osteogenesis and affect the microenvironment of the bone marrow cavity. (bvsalud.org)
- Bone broths are also an awesome source of collagen and healthy proteins. (bigbluetest.org)
- Alongside these rich sources of collagen and protein, the bone broth also contains tones of veggies like organic apple cider vinegar, garlic, sea salt, onion, parsley, and water. (bigbluetest.org)
- Each serving of Bonafide Provisions Beef Bone Broth contains 40 calories, and 10 grams of protein, and is an excellent source of collagen, amino acids, and organic veggies (including over 80 naturally-occurring minerals). (bigbluetest.org)
- Each serving of Kettle & Fire's Chicken Bone Broth contains 45 calories, 10 grams of protein, and 4 grams of collagen. (bigbluetest.org)
- Bare Bones Beef Bone Broth is made from grass-fed beef bones and collagen, as well as tonnes of great veggies. (bigbluetest.org)
- Bare Bones Beef Bone Broth is packed full of collagen (10g), amino acids, and protein, as well as superfoods like turmeric, ginger and apple cider vinegar. (bigbluetest.org)
- Super Calcium Formula, Promotes Bone Density. (vitasprings.com)
- The femur is one of the largest and strongest bones in the human body. (medscape.com)
- Known for generating healing power, the best bone broths help to increase amino acids , support the immune system, aid gut health, promote healthy joints, and combat signs of ageing. (bigbluetest.org)
- Bonafide Provisions Beef Bone Broth is made from grass-fed beef bones, including marrow bones, joints, femurs, ribs and knuckles. (bigbluetest.org)
- Calcium phosphate -based ceramics constitute, at present, the preferred bone substitute material in orthopaedic and maxillofacial applications, as they are similar to the main mineral phase of bone in structure and chemical composition. (wikipedia.org)
- Source Naturals Bone Balance bioactive calcium formula, Ultra Bone Balance Bio-Aligned. (vitasprings.com)
- Source Naturals' advanced calcium multiple system support for healthy bones. (vitasprings.com)
- However, with the discovery of skeletal radiology near the end of the 19th century came an understanding of the forces acting on fractured bones and a change in the treatment of such injuries. (medscape.com)
- Fingertip injuries from hydrogen fluoride may result in persistent pain, bone loss, and injury to the nail bed. (cdc.gov)
- Although useful to workers in residential construction and to consumers at home, nail guns are responsible for a significant number of serious injuries to both users and bystanders [CPSC, 2002]. (cdc.gov)
- Unintended nail discharge is a common cause of injury and, in one study, two-thirds of workers compensation claims for nail gun injuries involved unintended discharge or misfire [Dement et al. (cdc.gov)
- From 2006 to 2011, approximately 14,000 worker and 11,000 consumer nail gun injuries per year required emergency medical treatment [Lipscomb and Schoenfisch, 2015]. (cdc.gov)
- This can relieve the pain and prevent loss of the nail. (healthychildren.org)
- Has opening a bottle of nail polish ever made you feel like the weakest person on the planet? (alllacqueredup.com)
- How does hot water melt nail polish? (alllacqueredup.com)
- Speaking of extreme temperatures and nail polish, I live in Manitoba, Canada, where in the winter it's -30 degrees Celcius (-22 degrees Fahrenheit) regularly, and, unfortunately, I have a PO Box so when I order n/p online, it usually sits in the PO Box for hours before I get to it so it freezes. (alllacqueredup.com)
- As with make-up, nail decoration is difficult to begin with but gets easier, so don't give up ね！Go out and by some nice nail polish, make me proud and remember… DON'T f@#$ it up! (lacarmina.com)
- We recently had a nail polish party… so much fun! (lacarmina.com)
- Kettle & Fire Chicken Bone Broth is made from organic chicken bones giving it a unique chicken flavor, and is packed full of wholesome veggies like carrots, fennel, leeks, and apple cider vinegar. (bigbluetest.org)
- Ceramics are now commonly used in the medical fields as dental and bone implants . (wikipedia.org)
- Our commentary describes the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) process used to develop a nail gun consensus standard and the need for that process to be reformed. (cdc.gov)
- Membership on the pneumatic nail gun standards development consensus body was composed of 44 members, of which only one represented labor, and there were no consumer representatives. (cdc.gov)
- Every time you paint your nails, I encourage you to experiment with something different. (lacarmina.com)
- Promotes bone health. (doterra.com)
- They have the advantage of being inert in the human body, and their hardness and resistance to abrasion makes them useful for bones and teeth replacement. (wikipedia.org)
- Many people are turning to bone broth as a healthy dietary supplement and nutritional drink. (bigbluetest.org)
- Osso Good Co. Signature Bone Broth is a nutritional powerhouse that contains chicken bones, turkey bones, pork bones, grass-fed beef bones, as well as tonnes of great tasting veggies. (bigbluetest.org)
- One of the best bone broths used strictly as a nutritional supplement is Kettle & Fire's Chicken Bone Broth. (bigbluetest.org)
- Bare Bones Beef Bone Broth can be taken either as a nutritional supplement, or added to the slow cooker. (bigbluetest.org)
- Silicon: a nutritional beneficence for bones, brains and blood vessels? (live-live.com)
- In children, rapid bone-healing times and the possibility of remodeling with growth allow conservative treatment much of the time. (medscape.com)
- My hands are in hot water pretty regularly, and I don't see my nails melting. (alllacqueredup.com)
- Commercially available first in the 1960s, PNGs are now the most popular type of nail gun in use. (cdc.gov)
- These tools are able to drive any size nail into wood or other materials, from a small finishing nail to a 3.5 inch long nail, in a fraction of a second [Lipscomb et al. (cdc.gov)
- With a contact trigger, nails can be discharged as long as the trigger remains activated which allows rapid "bump firing. (cdc.gov)
- We feature organic bone broths made from both chicken and beef bones, as well as bone broths that contain zero salt, or that are exclusively made from grass-fed beef. (bigbluetest.org)
- I started experimenting with nail art years ago and it's not really as hard as it looks. (lacarmina.com)
- Whether you want to make bone broth, or buy one of the best bone broths on the market, our top list and buying guide can help. (bigbluetest.org)
- The bow varies in degree from person to person, but its presence explains the need for curved nails in order to hold the reduction. (medscape.com)
- If you are looking for a bone broth that has super high protein content, then Osso Good have a great product. (bigbluetest.org)
- Our in-house team of nutrition experts have tested and reviewed all of the best bone broths so that you can quickly find the right bone broth to meet your needs. (bigbluetest.org)
- Here at BigBlueTest we compare and review all of the best bone broths so that you can quickly find the right bone broth to suit your needs. (bigbluetest.org)
- These easy-to-use tools are designed to quickly drive nails into work surfaces. (cdc.gov)
- These disorders can harm the heart, digestive system, bones, and lead to other diseases. (indiatimes.com)