Diseases of BONES.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.
Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.
Disorder caused by an interruption of the mineralization of organic bone matrix leading to bone softening, bone pain, and weakness. It is the adult form of rickets resulting from disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis.
Organic compounds which contain P-C-P bonds, where P stands for phosphonates or phosphonic acids. These compounds affect calcium metabolism. They inhibit ectopic calcification and slow down bone resorption and bone turnover. Technetium complexes of diphosphonates have been used successfully as bone scanning agents.
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
Dissolution of bone that particularly involves the removal or loss of calcium.
A large multinuclear cell associated with the BONE RESORPTION. An odontoclast, also called cementoclast, is cytomorphologically the same as an osteoclast and is involved in CEMENTUM resorption.
The growth and development of bones from fetus to adult. It includes two principal mechanisms of bone growth: growth in length of long bones at the epiphyseal cartilages and growth in thickness by depositing new bone (OSTEOGENESIS) with the actions of OSTEOBLASTS and OSTEOCLASTS.
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
A malignancy of mature PLASMA CELLS engaging in monoclonal immunoglobulin production. It is characterized by hyperglobulinemia, excess Bence-Jones proteins (free monoclonal IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAINS) in the urine, skeletal destruction, bone pain, and fractures. Other features include ANEMIA; HYPERCALCEMIA; and RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
A fibrous degeneration, cyst formation, and the presence of fibrous nodules in bone, usually due to HYPERPARATHYROIDISM.
Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC
Breaks in bones.
Extracellular substance of bone tissue consisting of COLLAGEN fibers, ground substance, and inorganic crystalline minerals and salts.
A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.
Syndromes of bone destruction where the cause is not obvious such as neoplasia, infection, or trauma. The destruction follows various patterns: massive (Gorham disease), multicentric (HAJDU-CHENEY SYNDROME), or carpal/tarsal.
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
A metallic element that has the atomic number 13, atomic symbol Al, and atomic weight 26.98.
A transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that specifically binds RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B and OSTEOPROTEGERIN. It plays an important role in regulating OSTEOCLAST differentiation and activation.
Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.
A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH) triggering responses that increase blood CALCIUM. It is characterized by HYPERCALCEMIA and BONE RESORPTION, eventually leading to bone diseases. PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is caused by parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is increased PTH secretion in response to HYPOCALCEMIA, usually caused by chronic KIDNEY DISEASES.
A secreted member of the TNF receptor superfamily that negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis. It is a soluble decoy receptor of RANK LIGAND that inhibits both CELL DIFFERENTIATION and function of OSTEOCLASTS by inhibiting the interaction between RANK LIGAND and RECEPTOR ACTIVATOR OF NUCLEAR FACTOR-KAPPA B.
A VITAMIN D that can be regarded as a reduction product of vitamin D2.
Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.
The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.
Fractures occurring as a result of disease of a bone or from some undiscoverable cause, and not due to trauma. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Vitamin K-dependent calcium-binding protein synthesized by OSTEOBLASTS and found primarily in BONES. Serum osteocalcin measurements provide a noninvasive specific marker of bone metabolism. The protein contains three residues of the amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla), which, in the presence of CALCIUM, promotes binding to HYDROXYAPATITE and subsequent accumulation in BONE MATRIX.
Mature osteoblasts that have become embedded in the BONE MATRIX. They occupy a small cavity, called lacuna, in the matrix and are connected to adjacent osteocytes via protoplasmic projections called canaliculi.
Diseases of the bones related to hyperfunction or hypofunction of the endocrine glands.
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
Disorders caused by interruption of BONE MINERALIZATION manifesting as OSTEOMALACIA in adults and characteristic deformities in infancy and childhood due to disturbances in normal BONE FORMATION. The mineralization process may be interrupted by disruption of VITAMIN D; PHOSPHORUS; or CALCIUM homeostasis, resulting from dietary deficiencies, or acquired, or inherited metabolic, or hormonal disturbances.
Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.
Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.
Abnormally high level of calcium in the blood.
Stable strontium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element strontium, but differ in the atomic weight. Sr-84, 86, 87, and 88 are the stable strontium isotopes.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Death of a bone or part of a bone, either atraumatic or posttraumatic.
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used primarily in skeletal scintigraphy. Because of its absorption by a variety of tumors, it is useful for the detection of neoplasms.
A diphosphonate which affects calcium metabolism. It inhibits bone resorption and soft tissue calcification.
A disease of bone marked by thinning of the cortex by fibrous tissue containing bony spicules, producing pain, disability, and gradually increasing deformity. Only one bone may be involved (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, MONOSTOTIC) or several (FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC).
Excessive formation of dense trabecular bone leading to pathological fractures; OSTEITIS; SPLENOMEGALY with infarct; ANEMIA; and extramedullary hemopoiesis (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).
Process by which organic tissue becomes hardened by the physiologic deposit of calcium salts.
A tumor necrosis factor receptor family member that is specific for RANK LIGAND and plays a role in bone homeostasis by regulating osteoclastogenesis. It is also expressed on DENDRITIC CELLS where it plays a role in regulating dendritic cell survival. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
A diphosphonate which affects calcium metabolism. It inhibits ectopic calcification and slows down bone resorption and bone turnover.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
Disorders in the processing of calcium in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.
A potent osteoinductive protein that plays a critical role in the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into OSTEOBLASTS.
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
A powder that dissolves in water, which is administered orally, and is used as a diuretic, expectorant, systemic alkalizer, and electrolyte replenisher.
An abnormal hardening or increased density of bone tissue.
Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).
Hydroxy analogs of vitamin D 3; (CHOLECALCIFEROL); including CALCIFEDIOL; CALCITRIOL; and 24,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D 3.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
A clinical syndrome associated with the retention of renal waste products or uremic toxins in the blood. It is usually the result of RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. Most uremic toxins are end products of protein or nitrogen CATABOLISM, such as UREA or CREATININE. Severe uremia can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with a constellation of symptoms.
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
The most common form of fibrillar collagen. It is a major constituent of bone (BONE AND BONES) and SKIN and consists of a heterotrimer of two alpha1(I) and one alpha2(I) chains.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
Bone diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms.
COLLAGEN DISEASES characterized by brittle, osteoporotic, and easily fractured bones. It may also present with blue sclerae, loose joints, and imperfect dentin formation. Most types are autosomal dominant and are associated with mutations in COLLAGEN TYPE I.
Inorganic compounds that contain TECHNETIUM as an integral part of the molecule. Technetium 99m (m=metastable) is an isotope of technetium that has a half-life of about 6 hours. Technetium 99, which has a half-life of 210,000 years, is a decay product of technetium 99m.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.
Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Derivatives of ERGOSTEROL formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. They differ from CHOLECALCIFEROL in having a double bond between C22 and C23 and a methyl group at C24.
Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.
A coronary vasodilator agent.
A circular structural unit of bone tissue. It consists of a central hole, the Haversian canal through which blood vessels run, surrounded by concentric rings, called lamellae.
Benign unilocular lytic areas in the proximal end of a long bone with well defined and narrow endosteal margins. The cysts contain fluid and the cyst walls may contain some giant cells. Bone cysts usually occur in males between the ages 3-15 years.
A condition of an abnormally low level of PHOSPHATES in the blood.
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
Two pairs of small oval-shaped glands located in the front and the base of the NECK and adjacent to the two lobes of THYROID GLAND. They secrete PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.
The physiologically active form of vitamin D. It is formed primarily in the kidney by enzymatic hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (CALCIFEDIOL). Its production is stimulated by low blood calcium levels and parathyroid hormone. Calcitriol increases intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and in concert with parathyroid hormone increases bone resorption.
Compounds containing 1,3-diazole, a five membered aromatic ring containing two nitrogen atoms separated by one of the carbons. Chemically reduced ones include IMIDAZOLINES and IMIDAZOLIDINES. Distinguish from 1,2-diazole (PYRAZOLES).
AMINO ACIDS composed of GLYCINE substituted at the nitrogen rather than the usual carbon position, resulting in the loss of HYDROGEN BONDING donors. Polymers of these compounds are called PEPTOIDS.
A non-hereditary KIDNEY disorder characterized by the abnormally dilated (ECTASIA) medullary and inner papillary portions of the collecting ducts. These collecting ducts usually contain CYSTS or DIVERTICULA filled with jelly-like material or small calculi (KIDNEY STONES) leading to infections or obstruction. It should be distinguished from congenital or hereditary POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES.
Formation of stones in the KIDNEY.
Reduction of the blood calcium below normal. Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Conditions characterized by the presence of M protein (Monoclonal protein) in serum or urine without clinical manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasia.
The spinal or vertebral column.
Excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
The bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull. Its flat part forms the forehead, articulating inferiorly with the NASAL BONE and the CHEEK BONE on each side of the face.
A transcription factor that dimerizes with CORE BINDING FACTOR BETA SUBUNIT to form core binding factor. It contains a highly conserved DNA-binding domain known as the runt domain and is involved in genetic regulation of skeletal development and CELL DIFFERENTIATION.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC
A bone morphogenetic protein that is widely expressed during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. It is both a potent osteogenic factor and a specific regulator of nephrogenesis.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
A condition of abnormally high level of PHOSPHATES in the blood, usually significantly above the normal range of 0.84-1.58 mmol per liter of serum.
Disorders in the processing of phosphorus in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A membrane-bound metalloendopeptidase that may play a role in the degradation or activation of a variety of PEPTIDE HORMONES and INTERCELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS. Genetic mutations that result in loss of function of this protein are a cause of HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS, X-LINKED DOMINANT.
Local surroundings with which cells interact by processing various chemical and physical signals, and by contributing their own effects to this environment.
A cysteine protease that is highly expressed in OSTEOCLASTS and plays an essential role in BONE RESORPTION as a potent EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX-degrading enzyme.
Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.
Cell surface receptors that bind TUMOR NECROSIS FACTORS and trigger changes which influence the behavior of cells.
A dye which inhibits protein biosynthesis at the initial stages. The ammonium salt (aluminon) is a reagent for the colorimetric estimation of aluminum in water, foods, and tissues.
A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE due to parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. It is characterized by the combination of HYPERCALCEMIA, phosphaturia, elevated renal 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis, and increased BONE RESORPTION.
The bones of the free part of the lower extremity in humans and of any of the four extremities in animals. It includes the FEMUR; PATELLA; TIBIA; and FIBULA.
A group of genetic disorders of the KIDNEY TUBULES characterized by the accumulation of metabolically produced acids with elevated plasma chloride, hyperchloremic metabolic ACIDOSIS. Defective renal acidification of URINE (proximal tubules) or low renal acid excretion (distal tubules) can lead to complications such as HYPOKALEMIA, hypercalcinuria with NEPHROLITHIASIS and NEPHROCALCINOSIS, and RICKETS.
Neoplasms located in the bone marrow. They are differentiated from neoplasms composed of bone marrow cells, such as MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Most bone marrow neoplasms are metastatic.
Removal of bone marrow and evaluation of its histologic picture.
Fractures of the femur.
The five cylindrical bones of the METACARPUS, articulating with the CARPAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF FINGERS distally.
Inorganic or organic compounds that contain the basic structure RB(OH)2.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A genetic metabolic disorder resulting from serum and bone alkaline phosphatase deficiency leading to hypercalcemia, ethanolamine phosphatemia, and ethanolamine phosphaturia. Clinical manifestations include severe skeletal defects resembling vitamin D-resistant rickets, failure of the calvarium to calcify, dyspnea, cyanosis, vomiting, constipation, renal calcinosis, failure to thrive, disorders of movement, beading of the costochondral junction, and rachitic bone changes. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.
A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).
The seven bones which form the tarsus - namely, CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid, navicular, and the internal, middle, and external cuneiforms.
Intracellular receptors that can be found in the cytoplasm or in the nucleus. They bind to extracellular signaling molecules that migrate through or are transported across the CELL MEMBRANE. Many members of this class of receptors occur in the cytoplasm and are transported to the CELL NUCLEUS upon ligand-binding where they signal via DNA-binding and transcription regulation. Also included in this category are receptors found on INTRACELLULAR MEMBRANES that act via mechanisms similar to CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS.
CCR receptors with specificity for a broad variety of CC CHEMOKINES. They are expressed at high levels in MONOCYTES; tissue MACROPHAGES; NEUTROPHILS; and EOSINOPHILS.
A ubiquitously expressed, secreted protein with bone resorption and renal calcium reabsorption activities that are similar to PARATHYROID HORMONE. It does not circulate in appreciable amounts in normal subjects, but rather exerts its biological actions locally. Overexpression of parathyroid hormone-related protein by tumor cells results in humoral calcemia of malignancy.
Cholecalciferols substituted with two hydroxy groups in any position.
The first artificially produced element and a radioactive fission product of URANIUM. Technetium has the atomic symbol Tc, atomic number 43, and atomic weight 98.91. All technetium isotopes are radioactive. Technetium 99m (m=metastable) which is the decay product of Molybdenum 99, has a half-life of about 6 hours and is used diagnostically as a radioactive imaging agent. Technetium 99 which is a decay product of technetium 99m, has a half-life of 210,000 years.
Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Removal of mineral constituents or salts from bone or bone tissue. Demineralization is used as a method of studying bone strength and bone chemistry.
The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
LDL-receptor related protein that combines with FRIZZLED RECEPTORS at the cell surface to form receptors that bind WNT PROTEINS. The protein plays an important role in the WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY in OSTEOBLASTS and during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.
An inherited condition of abnormally low serum levels of PHOSPHATES (below 1 mg/liter) which can occur in a number of genetic diseases with defective reabsorption of inorganic phosphorus by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. This leads to phosphaturia, HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA, and disturbances of cellular and organ functions such as those in X-LINKED HYPOPHOSPHATEMIC RICKETS; OSTEOMALACIA; and FANCONI SYNDROME.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Mice homozygous for the mutant autosomal recessive gene "scid" which is located on the centromeric end of chromosome 16. These mice lack mature, functional lymphocytes and are thus highly susceptible to lethal opportunistic infections if not chronically treated with antibiotics. The lack of B- and T-cell immunity resembles severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) syndrome in human infants. SCID mice are useful as animal models since they are receptive to implantation of a human immune system producing SCID-human (SCID-hu) hematochimeric mice.
The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
A biosynthetic precursor of collagen containing additional amino acid sequences at the amino-terminal and carboxyl-terminal ends of the polypeptide chains.
Fibrous blood-filled cyst in the bone. Although benign it can be destructive causing deformity and fractures.
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Derivative of 7-dehydroxycholesterol formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. It differs from ERGOCALCIFEROL in having a single bond between C22 and C23 and lacking a methyl group at C24.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.
A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of BONE formation. It plays additional roles in regulating CELL DIFFERENTIATION of non-osteoblastic cell types and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions.
The major circulating metabolite of VITAMIN D3. It is produced in the LIVER and is the best indicator of the body's vitamin D stores. It is effective in the treatment of RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA, both in azotemic and non-azotemic patients. Calcifediol also has mineralizing properties.
Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.
Presence of calcium salts, especially calcium pyrophosphate, in the cartilaginous structures of one or more joints. When accompanied by attacks of goutlike symptoms, it is called pseudogout. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.
A mononuclear phagocyte colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) synthesized by mesenchymal cells. The compound stimulates the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of hematopoietic cells of the monocyte-macrophage series. M-CSF is a disulfide-bonded glycoprotein dimer with a MW of 70 kDa. It binds to a specific high affinity receptor (RECEPTOR, MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR).

Family study of inherited syndrome with multiple congenital deformities: symphalangism, carpal and tarsal fusion, brachydactyly, craniosynostosis, strabismus, hip osteochondritis. (1/360)

A syndrome of brachydactyly (absence of some middle or distal phalanges), aplastic or hypoplastic nails, symphalangism (ankylois of proximal interphalangeal joints), synostosis of some carpal and tarsal bones, craniosynostosis, and dysplastic hip joints is reported in five members of an Italian family. It may represent a previously undescribed autosomal dominant trait.  (+info)

Diaphyseal medullary stenosis with malignant fibrous histiocytoma: a hereditary bone dysplasia/cancer syndrome maps to 9p21-22. (2/360)

Diaphyseal medullary stenosis with malignant fibrous histiocytoma (DMS-MFH) is an autosomal dominant bone dysplasia/cancer syndrome of unknown etiology. This rare hereditary cancer syndrome is characterized by bone infarctions, cortical growth abnormalities, pathological fractures, and eventual painful debilitation. Notably, 35% of individuals with DMS develop MFH, a highly malignant bone sarcoma. A genome scan for the DMS-MFH gene locus in three unrelated families with DMS-MFH linked the syndrome to a region of approximately 3 cM on chromosome 9p21-22, with a maximal two-point LOD score of 5.49 (marker D9S171 at recombination fraction [theta].05). Interestingly, this region had previously been shown to be the site of chromosomal abnormalities in several other malignancies and contains a number of genes whose protein products are involved in growth regulation. Identification of this rare familial sarcoma-causing gene would be expected to simultaneously define the cause of the more common nonfamilial, or sporadic, form of MFH-a tumor that constitutes approximately 6% of all bone cancers and is the most frequently occurring adult soft-tissue sarcoma.  (+info)

Juvenile nephronophthisis associated with retinal pigmentary dystrophy, cerebellar ataxia, and skeletal abnormalities. (3/360)

A boy aged 9 3/4 years with interstitial nephritis, retinal pigmentary dystrophy, cerebellar ataxia, and skeletal abnormalities is described. The association may be due to a new genetic disorder, since 2 similar cases have been reported.  (+info)

Ultrasound screening for hips at risk in developmental dysplasia. Is it worth it? (4/360)

Between May 1992 and April 1997, there were 20,452 births in the Blackburn District. In the same period 1107 infants with hip 'at-risk' factors were screened prospectively by ultrasound. We recorded the presence of dislocation and dysplasia detected under the age of six months using Graf's alpha angle. Early dislocation was present in 36 hips (34 dislocatable and 2 irreducible). Of the 36 unstable hips, 30 (83%) were referred as being Ortolani-positive or unstable; 25 (69%) of these had at least one of the risk factors. Only 11 (31%) were identified from the 'at-risk' screening programme alone (0.54 per 1000 live births). Eight cases of 'late' dislocation presented after the age of six months (0.39 per 1000 live births). The overall rate of dislocation was 2.2 per 1000 live births. Only 31% of the dislocated hips belonged to a major 'at-risk' group. Statistical analysis confirmed that the risk factors had a relatively poor predictive value if used as a screening test for dislocation. In infants referred for doubtful clinical instability, one dislocation was detected for every 11 infants screened (95% confidence interval (CI) 8 to 17) whereas in infants referred because of the presence of any of the major 'at-risk' factors the rate was one in 75 (95% CI 42 to 149). Routine ultrasound screening of the 'at-risk' groups on their own is of little value in significantly reducing the rate of 'late' dislocation in DDH, but screening clinically unstable hips alone or associated with 'at-risk' factors has a high rate of detection.  (+info)

Localization of the gene for sclerosteosis to the van Buchem disease-gene region on chromosome 17q12-q21. (5/360)

Sclerosteosis is an uncommon, autosomal recessive, progressive, sclerosing, bone dysplasia characterized by generalized osteosclerosis and hyperostosis of the skeleton, affecting mainly the skull and mandible. In most patients this causes facial paralysis and hearing loss. Other features are gigantism and hand abnormalities. In the present study, linkage analysis in two consanguineous families with sclerosteosis resulted in the assignment of the sclerosteosis gene to chromosome 17q12-q21. This region was analyzed because of the recent assignment to this chromosomal region of the gene causing van Buchem disease, a rare autosomal recessive condition with a hyperostosis similar to sclerosteosis. Because of the clinical similarities between sclerosteosis and van Buchem disease, it has previously been suggested that both conditions might be caused by mutations in the same gene. Our study now provides genetic evidence for this hypothesis.  (+info)

Identification of the Finnish founder mutation for diastrophic dysplasia (DTD). (6/360)

Diastrophic dysplasia (DTD) is especially prevalent in Finland and the existence of a founder mutation has been previously inferred from the fact that 95% of Finnish DTD chromosomes have a rare ancestral haplotype found in only 4% of Finnish control chromosomes. Here we report the identification of the Finnish founder mutation as a GT-> GC transition (c.-26 + 2T > C) in the splice donor site of a previously undescribed 5'-untranslated exon of the diastrophic dysplasia sulfate transporter gene (DTDST); the mutation acts by severely reducing mRNA levels. Among 84 DTD families in Finland, patients carried two copies of the mutation in 69 families, one copy in 14 families, and no copies in one family. Roughly 90% of Finnish DTD chromosomes thus carry the splice-site mutation, which we have designated DTDST(Fin). Unexpectedly, we found that nine of the DTD chromosomes having the apparently ancestral haplotype did not carry DTDST(Fin), but rather two other mutations. Eight such chromosomes had an R279W mutation and one had a V340del deletion. We consider the possible implications of presence of multiple DTD mutations on this rare haplotype.  (+info)

Terminal osseous dysplasia with pigmentary defects maps to human chromosome Xq27.3-xqter. (7/360)

We have identified a four-generation family with 10 affected females manifesting one or more of the following features: osseous dysplasia involving the metacarpals, metatarsals, and phalanges leading to brachydactyly, camptodactyly, and other digital deformities; pigmentary defects on the face and scalp; and multiple frenula. There were no affected males. We performed X-inactivation studies on seven affected females, using a methylation assay at the androgen receptor locus; all seven demonstrated preferential inactivation of their maternal chromosomes carrying the mutation, and two unaffected females showed a random pattern. These findings indicate that this disorder is linked to the X chromosome. To map the gene for this disorder, we analyzed DNA from nine affected females and five unaffected individuals, using 40 polymorphic markers evenly distributed throughout the X chromosome. Two-point and multipoint linkage analyses using informative markers excluded most of the X chromosome and demonstrated linkage to a region on the long arm between DXS548 and Xqter. A maximum LOD score of 3.16 at recombination fraction 0 was obtained for five markers mapping to Xq27.3-Xq28. The mapping data should facilitate the identification of the molecular basis of this disorder.  (+info)

Effects of massive doses of ergocalciferol plus cholesterol on pregnant rats and their offspring. (8/360)

Ergocalciferol (320,000 or 480,000 IU/kg) plus cholesterol (60 mg/kg) in olive oil solution was administered daily on 1, 2, or 4 consecutive days to pregnant rats from 9,10, 14, or 18 of gestation. The control animals received only olive oil. Disseminated lesions of metastic calcinosis were found in various tissues, in the coronary arteries and myocardium, in the media of the abnormal aorta, in the lung and pleura, in the gastoinstestinal tract, and in the kidney. This is in contrast to the atherosclerosis described in nonpregnant rats fed a similiar diet. A significant decline in maternal weight as well as a high rate of morbidity and mortality was observed. In mothers killed on day 22 of pregnancy, fetal and placental growths appeared significantly retarded suggesting a direct effect of the steroid or its more active metabolite, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, on the fetus or the trophoblastic tissue. Fetal bone lesionsassociated with a generalized retardation of ossification, placental edema, or calcification accompanied by a loss of the normal structure of the placenta and degenerative manifestation at this level were observed. Moreover, we noted a striking alteration of the fetal face in 33-39% of experimental fetuses, called by us carnival fetuses.  (+info)

Synonyms for canine hypertrophic osteodystrophy in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for canine hypertrophic osteodystrophy. 7 synonyms for canine: canine tooth, cuspid, eye tooth, eyetooth, dogtooth, canid, laniary. What are synonyms for canine hypertrophic osteodystrophy?
Connective Tissue Gene Tests Osteopetrosis and Dense bone dysplasia NGS panel consists of twenty-eight genes associated with increased bone density. The panel includes both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive forms of osteopetrosis and dense bone dysplasias.. The Osteopetrosis and Dense bone dysplasia panel consists of twenty-eight genes: AMER1, ANKH, CA2, CLCN7, COL1A1, CTSK, DLX3, FAM20C, FERMT3, GJA1, HPGD, LEMD3, LRP4, LRP5, MTAP, OSTM1, PLEKHM1, PTDSS1, SLCO2A1, SNX10, SOST, TBXAS1, TCIRG1, TGFB1, TNFRSF11A, TNFRSF11B, TNFSF11, TYROBP.. Copy number variation (CNV) analysis of the Osteopetrosis and Dense bone dysplasia genes is also offered as a panel. Additionally, CTGT offers a comprehensive test (both NGS and CNV panels) for these genes. Panel genes are also offered as individual sequencing and deletion/duplication tests unless otherwise indicated.. ...
Looking for information on Dog Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy (HOD) in Austin? We have compiled a list of businesses and services around Austin that should help you with your search. We hope this page helps you find information on Dog Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy (HOD) in Austin.
MODEL RELEASED. Bent bone dysplasia. A two year old boy with bent bone dysplasia syndrome, a non-inherited disorder of the skeleton, seen with his mother. The cause of the syndrome is a mutation of the Fibroplast Growth Factor Receptor 2 (FGRF2) gene. The syndrome manifests with premature fusion of skull fissures (craniosynostosis), dysmorphic facial features and bent long bones due to poor mineralisation and changes to the chondrocytes that form cartillage. The condition is usually associated with extreme respiratory problems, an excessively large tongue and swallowing difficulty. This child has a tracheostomy to help him breathe. Bent bone displasia syndrome is extremely rare, with just a few cases known worldwide - Stock Image C021/9117
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy (HOD) is a bone disease that occurs in fast-growing large and giant breed dogs. The disorder is sometimes referred to as metaphyseal osteopathy, and typically first presents between the ages of 2 and 7 months. HOD is characterized by decreased blood flow to the metaphysis (the part of the bone adjacent to the joint) leading to a failure of ossification (bone formation) and necrosis and inflammation of cancellous bone. The disease is usually bilateral in the limb bones, especially the distal radius, ulna, and tibia. The Weimaraner, Irish Setter, Boxer, German Shepherd, and Great Dane breeds are heavily represented in case reports of HOD in the veterinary literature, but the severity of symptoms and possible etiology may be different across the breeds. For example, familial clustering of the disease has been documented in the Weimaraner, but not in other breeds. The disease in the Weimaraner and Irish Setter can be particularly severe, with significant mortality ...
Chapter 70 covers acromesomelic dysplasia, Maroteaux type (MIM 602875), including major clinical findings, radiographic features, and differential diagnoses.
Bent bone dysplasia syndrome (BBDS; MIM 614592) is an autosomal dominant perinatal lethal skeletal dysplasia caused by mutations in the FGFR2 gene. The main findings of BBDS include: variable degrees of long bone bending, primarily of the femora, with prominent periosteum, brachydactyly with irregular periosteal surfaces, coronal craniosynostosis, diminished mineralization of the calvarium, pubis, scapula, and hands, a bell-shaped thorax, hypoplastic clavicles, narrowed ischia and acetabular roof and an open metopic suture. Dysmorphic features of BBDS include: low-set and abnormal ears, midface hypoplasia, micrognathia, hypertelorism, megalophthalmos, prenatal teeth, gingival hyperplasia and clitoromegaly. The described FGFR2 mutations result in the substitution of conserved hydrophobic amino acids by polar amino acids within the transmembrane domain of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2. FGFR2 mutations in BBDS appear to be highly penetrant, but the incidence is unknown.. Read less ...
ACROMESOMELIC DYSPLASIA, HUNTER-THOMPSON TYPE; AMDH description, symptoms and related genes. Get the complete information in our medical search engine
Bone Dysplasias An Atlas of Genetic Disorders of Skeletal Development Third Edition - Książki medyczne | Literatura medyczna polska i zagraniczna | Internetowa księgarnia medyczna | Wydawnictwo medyczne
2Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, EGYPT DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2019.21884 Hypertrophic osteodystrophy is a developmental disease of unknown etiology and affects primarily young rapidly growing large and giant breed dogs. The present study reports a case of mandibular hypertrophic osteodystrophy fibrosa in a 6-month-old male German shepherd puppy admitted with a history of one month decreased appetite, difficulty in chewing, and open mouth with continuous drooling. Clinical examination revealed thickened mandible and filling of the intermandibular space with hard tissue. Radiography revealed bone-like material filling the intermandibular space. Biopsy from the thickened mandibular mass demonstrated marked osteoclastic activity and resorption of bone trabeculae that were replaced by fibrous connective tissue. The marrow cavity was filled with massive fibrous tissue mixed with hemorrhage and osteoclasts. Hypertrophic osteodystrophy fibrosa should be taken ...
Hypochondrogenesis is a rare, severe disorder of bone growth. This condition is characterised by a small body, short limbs, and abnormal bone formation (ossification) in the spine and pelvis.. Affected infants have short arms and legs, a small chest with short ribs, and underdeveloped lungs. Bones in the skull appear normal, but the bones of the spine (vertebrae) and pelvic bones do not harden properly. The face appears flat and oval-shaped, with widely spaced eyes, a small chin, and, in some cases, an opening in the roof of the mouth called a cleft palate. The abdomen is enlarged, and affected infants may have a condition called hydrops foetalis in which excess fluid builds up in the body before birth.. As a result of these serious health problems, affected infants are usually born prematurely, are stillborn, or die shortly after birth from respiratory failure. Some infants have lived for a while, however, with intensive medical support. Babies who live past the newborn period are usually ...
Some of the most common bow legged causes include:. Blounts Disease: This disease is a medical condition that can cause abnormal growth in the bones, particularly the shin bone. Adults and small children can experience this bone disease. However, some doctors have a hard time determining if a child is bow legged due to Blounts Disease or if it is normal. As the child gets older it would be much easier to determine since a child with Blounts Disease will notice their bow legs getting worse instead of improving. Doctors will examine a child 3 years old or older via X-rays to detect Blounts Disease. The good news is this condition can be treated if it is discovered.. Bone Abnormalities: Abnormal bone development can cause bow legs in adults and children over 3 years old. One of these bone abnormalities is unicameral bone cyst, which happens near the areas of the bone where growth occurs in the legs or arms. The condition will cause bones to become thin and can cause a fracture. Doctors usually ...
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028.. ...
This condition is a developmental bone disease that usually affects large breed puppies between the ages of 2-8 months of age. Hyper means excessive, trophy or trophic refers to growth. Hypertrophic osteodystrophy is the abnormal and excessive growth of bone. HOD occurs when there is a disturbance in the blood supply to the growth plate, leading to delays in bone production. The weakened bones develop microscopic fractures which result in inflammation, pain, and lameness. In mild cases, the dog can make a full recovery with appropriate treatment. In severe cases, the condition can result in systemic illness and deformity of the limbs. This condition is thought to be genetic, however, viral diseases such as distemper, severe respiratory problems, improper nutrition (including over-nutrition) vitamin C deficiencies and other metabolic defects may also play a role in development of the disease. There is also some speculation that the condition can occur as a result of vaccine reaction, particularly ...
Skeletal Dysplasia is an umbrella term for a group of more than 200 rare genetic disorders of skeletal growth affecting bones and cartilage. Most of the skeletal dysplasias cause short stature or dwarfism and other bone deformities. These changes in bone structure can also impact other body systems. At Benioff Childrens Hospital, pediatric orthopedists, neurosurgeons, neurologists, pediatric ophthalmologists, radiologists, geneticists, and pulmonologists who are experienced in multiple specialties focus on helping children with skeletal dysplasia and work together to help you decide what the best treatment options are for your child. When you come to Benioff Childrens Hospital Oakland you have the peace of mind that comes with knowing that your child is being cared for by pediatric specialists who are among the best in the country at what they do. ...
rat Sost protein: a cystine knot-containing protein; gene is highly conserved in vertebrates; loss of protein results in bone dysplasia sclerosteosis; RefSeq NM_030584
One of the most common reasons for hip replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Other conditions that can cause hip joint damage include rheumatoid arthritis, hip fracture, septic arthritis, avascular necrosis, traumatic arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, disorders that cause unusual bone growth like bone dysplasias Hip replacement surgery is commonly performed to treat hip conditions like severe osteoarthritis and hip fractures. The main approach for these surgeries include the anterior and the posterior approach.
Source: U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). Posted on the U.S. Department of Justice Blog - November 24, 2015. Twenty-five years ago, with the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), our nation committed itself to the elimination of discrimination against people with disabilities. In honor of the 25th anniversary of the ADA, each month, the Department of Justice is highlighting efforts that are opening gateways to full participation and opportunity for people with disabilities. This month, we spotlight the story of a child named Brahm and how the Department of Justices work enforcing the ADA is improving full and equal access to youth athletics in Colorado. Participating in athletic competition is a formative experience for children across this country, and children with disabilities are entitled to participate equally in youth sports.. Nine-year-old Brahm has bone dysplasia, also known as dwarfism, which makes him smaller and lighter than other children his age. In the fall of 2013, ...
Neither my husband nor I have any indicators of NF. We have no history of NF on either side. Our two-year old son, however, received a diagnosis of NF1 at age six months old. Half of NF cases are inherited from an affected parent. Half are the result of a new gene mutation or deletion. Doctors tell us that our sons NF1 is the result of a random mutation or deletion of the NF gene on chromosome 17. As of yet, no drug therapies are available to treat our son. Surgery proves to be the only option to treat his bone dysplasia in the skull, brain tumor, and left eye. I wait for science. God waits for me ...
Dwarfism is a commonly used term for disproportionately short stature, although a more medically appropriate term for this disorder is skeletal dysplasia. Short stature is defined as height that is 3 or more standard deviations below the mean height for age.
Skeletal dysplasia is not just one disorder-its a group of more than 300 disorders. It occurs when a childs bones dont develop the way theyre supposed to, usually causing short stature.
While we are ranked among the best childrens hospitals in the country, its our compassionate approach to treatment that makes us truly exceptional. Through a combination of revolutionary treatments and extraordinary patient experiences, our care does more than heal. It brings the entire family together for emotional support and understanding across multiple locations to reach you in the community where you live. Learn more... ...
Im due May 10th to a baby girl, Miss Cecilia Marie. Its my first pregnancy and Im beyond worried. She has nonlethal Skeletal Dysplasia.. Ive been trying to find someone to talk to that has gone thro...
We welcome you to the 5th Nordic Skeletal Dysplasia Symposium which will be held in Copenhagen, March 8-9 2018.. Skeletal dysplasias are rare diseases and the annual symposium is important to share medical knowledge among collegues in different countries. We hope to attract all medical professionals who are working in - or are interested in - the field of skeletal dysplasias. This includes both caregivers, clinicians, scientist, and students.. More information can be found at our website.. Sincerely,. Hanne, Flemming, and ...
We welcome you to the 5th Nordic Skeletal Dysplasia Symposium which will be held in Copenhagen, March 8-9 2018.. Skeletal dysplasias are rare diseases and the annual symposium is important to share medical knowledge among collegues in different countries. We hope to attract all medical professionals who are working in - or are interested in - the field of skeletal dysplasias. This includes both caregivers, clinicians, scientist, and students.. More information can be found at our website.. Sincerely,. Hanne, Flemming, and ...
Relief is when you and the right researcher find each other Finding the right clinical trial for Maroteaux Verloes Stanescu syndrome can be challenging. However, with TrialsFinder (which uses the Reg4ALL database and privacy controls by Private Access), you can permit researchers to let you know opportunities to consider - all without revealing your identity. ...
Are you looking for disease information or support? Simply type in the name of a disease or condition and Disease InfoSearch will locate quality information from a database of more than 13,000 diseases and thousands of support groups and foundations.
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the users own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer ...
Is a growth disorder of the tibia (shin bone) that causes the lower leg to angle inward, resembling a bowleg. Occurs in young children and
Check For Discount on Global Bone Cement Market Analysis 2016, Trends and Forecast 2021 (Analysis Of Production, Supply, Sales And Demand) Industry Research Report: Global QY Research
Looking for Elbow dysplasia? Find out information about Elbow dysplasia. 1. the joint between the upper arm and the forearm, formed by the junction of the radius and ulna with the humerus 2. the corresponding joint or bone of... Explanation of Elbow dysplasia
Living with elbow dysplasia An initial diagnosis is necessary prior to any treatment; X-rays are usually taken to ensure that elbow dysplasia is the cause of the pets pain. Managing pain caused by elbow dysplasia is absolutely probable. There are both surgical and non-surgical treatment options available with positive and negative aspects of both options. Surgery is one treatment option that typically provides a sort of permanent relief for elbow dysplasia sufferers. However, if there are multiple defects in the joint and the defects are severe, the surgery can prove less successful, and a dog can still develop degenerative arthritis. For dogs who are not good candidates for surgery or whose owners opt against it, traditional therapy involves a combination of weight control, moderate exercise, and anti-inflammatory medications. Additional therapies might be suggested, depending on a dogs current health status. For severely overweight dogs, hydrotherapy might be recommended to alleviate ...
She married William Blount on FEB 1327 in Sodington, Worchester, England, son of William /Blount/ and William /Blount/ and William /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Walter /Blount/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/ and Johanna de /Sodington/. He was born Abt 1295 in Sodington, Worchester, England, and died Bef 3 OCT 1337 ...
Organismal continuant entity which is enclosed by the bona fide boundary of an organism or is an attribute of its structural organization. Examples: cell, heart, head, peritoneal cavity, apex of lung, anatomical term, sagittal plane.. ...
Achondrogenesis type II (OMIM 200610) is characterized by severe shortening of the neck and trunk and especially the limbs and by a large, soft head. Fetal hydrops and prematurity are common; infants are stillborn or die shortly after birth. Hypochondrogenesis (OMIM 200610) refers to a clinical phenotype intermediate between achondrogenesis type II and SED congenita. It is typically lethal in the newborn period.. The severity of radiographic changes correlates with the clinical severity (Fig. 686-1). Both conditions produce short, broad tubular bones with cupped metaphyses. The pelvic bones are hypoplastic, and the cranial bones are not well mineralized. The vertebral bodies are poorly ossified in the entire spine in achondrogenesis type II and in the cervical and sacral spine in hypochondrogenesis. The pedicles are ossified in both.. ...
Blount disease is a growth disorder that affects the bones of the lower leg. It causes bowing of the leg below the knee, which gets worse if its not treated.
Blount disease is a growth disorder that affects the bones of the lower leg. It causes bowing of the leg below the knee, which gets worse if its not treated.
Blount disease is a growth disorder that affects the bones of the lower leg. It causes bowing of the leg below the knee, which gets worse if its not treated.
Blount disease is a growth disorder that affects the bones of the lower leg. It causes bowing of the leg below the knee, which gets worse if its not treated.
Blount disease is a growth disorder that causes the bones of the lower leg to bow outward. This gets worse if its not treated, so early diagnosis is very important.
Le Goff C, Mahaut C, Wang LW, Allali S, Abhyankar A, Jensen S, Zilberberg L, Collod-Beroud G, Bonnet D, Alanay Y, Brady AF, Cordier MP, Devriendt K, Genevieve D, Kiper POS, Kitoh H, Krakow D, Lynch SA, Le Merrer M, M?garbane1 A, Mortier G, Odent S, Polak M, Rohrbach M, Sillence D, Stolte-Dijkstra I, Superti-Furga A, Rimoin DL, Topouchian V, Unger S, Zabel B, Bole-Feysot C, Nischke P, Handford P, Casanova JL, Boileau C, Apte SS, Munnich A, Cormier-Daire V. Mutations in the TGFβ binding-protein-like domain 5 of FBN1 are responsible acromicric and geleophysic dysplasias. Am J Hum Genet. 2011;89:7-14 ...
The development of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) technology has opened up new horizons for development of new research tools especially for skeletal dysplasias, which often lack human disease models. Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering could be the next areas to benefit from refinement of iPSC methods to repair focal cartilage defects, while applications for osteoarthritis (OA) and drug screening have evolved rather slowly. Although the advances in iPSC research of skeletal dysplasias and repair of focal cartilage lesions are not directly relevant to OA, they can be considered to pave the way to future prospects and solutions to OA research, too. The same problems which face the present cell-based treatments of cartilage injuries concern also the iPSC-based ones. However, established iPSC lines, which have no genomic aberrations and which efficiently differentiate into extracellular matrix secreting chondrocytes, could be an invaluable cell source for cell transplantations in ...
Acetabular Dysplasia treatment, etiology, epidemiology, natural history, anatomy, symptoms, xrays, classification, complications and references.
In an attempt to determine which genes cause canine hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD), our faculty are studying this developmental disease in Weimaraners and other susceptible breeds (rapidly growing, large dogs such as the Great Dane, Boxer, German shepherd, Labrador retriever and Irish setter) between eight weeks and eight months of age. Affected puppies suffer bone pain that results in lameness or complete refusal to stand or walk. This pain is often accompanied by fever, lethargy and anorexia. In Weimaraners, HOD is often severe and sick puppies may have several episodes until complete closure of the growth plates, which often requires hospitalization for intensive care.. ...
Methods In the present study, we report the clinical and molecular delineation of a new form of syndromic autosomal recessive spondylometaphyseal dysplasia (SMD) in two Emirati first cousins. They displayed postnatal growth deficiency causing profound limb shortening with proximal and distal segments involvement, narrow chest, radiological abnormalities involving the spine, pelvis and metaphyses, corneal clouding and intellectual disability. Whole genome homozygosity mapping localised the genetic cause to 11q12.1-q13.1, a region spanning 19.32 Mb with ~490 genes. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified four novel homozygous variants within the shared block of homozygosity. Pathogenic variants in genes involved in phospholipid metabolism, such as PLCB4 and PCYT1A, are known to cause bone dysplasia with or without eye anomalies, which led us to select PLCB3 as a strong candidate. This gene encodes phospholipase C β 3, an enzyme that converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate (PIP2) to ...
Methods In the present study, we report the clinical and molecular delineation of a new form of syndromic autosomal recessive spondylometaphyseal dysplasia (SMD) in two Emirati first cousins. They displayed postnatal growth deficiency causing profound limb shortening with proximal and distal segments involvement, narrow chest, radiological abnormalities involving the spine, pelvis and metaphyses, corneal clouding and intellectual disability. Whole genome homozygosity mapping localised the genetic cause to 11q12.1-q13.1, a region spanning 19.32 Mb with ~490 genes. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified four novel homozygous variants within the shared block of homozygosity. Pathogenic variants in genes involved in phospholipid metabolism, such as PLCB4 and PCYT1A, are known to cause bone dysplasia with or without eye anomalies, which led us to select PLCB3 as a strong candidate. This gene encodes phospholipase C β 3, an enzyme that converts phosphatidylinositol 4,5 bisphosphate (PIP2) to ...
History: The patient is a 14 + 6 year old black male with a one year history of progressively worsening left knee pain. He states that the pain began in both knees and was intermittent, Tylenol helped alleviate the pain. Over the past 6 months the pain is more isolated to the left knee and has become constant in nature. Within the last 2 weeks the constant pain has become bad enough to limit his activities. He is unable to attend school or walk more than several hundred feet because of the pain. The pain is now affecting his sleep. He does get some relief with rest and elevation of the knee. The pain also limits his motion in that knee. He denies any trauma to the knee and has no other medical problems. He is not taking any medications. There is no family history of leg deformities. Physical Exam: The adolescent is a morbidly obese 14 + 6 year old black male. His extremity exam reveals an asymmetric pelvis with the right being elevated. There is a leg length inequality with the left leg being ...
Jeune syndrome (asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy, ATD) is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by a small, narrow chest and variable limb shortness with a considerable neonatal mortality as a result of respiratory distress. Renal, hepatic, pancreatic and ocular complications ma …
This gene encodes a serine-threonine protein kinase. Serine-threonine kinases transfer phosphate molecules to the oxygen atoms of serine and threonine. A genomic deletion affecting this gene has been associated with Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, an autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016 ...
This is a bone dysplasia allowing the frontal lobe to herniate not a bone erosion due to en plague meningioma, neurofibroma or other tumour. Note in this case the innominate line (tangential greater wing of sphenoid) remains intact rather it is t...
The neurofibromatoses (NF) encompass the rare diseases NF1, NF2, and schwannomatosis. The NFs affect 100,000 Americans; over 2 million persons worldwide; and are caused by mutation of tumor suppressor genes. Individuals with NF1 in particular may develop tumors anywhere in the nervous system; additional manifestations can include learning disabilities, bone dysplasia, cardiovascular defects, unmanageable pain, and physical disfigurement. Ultimately, the NFs can cause blindness, deafness, severe morbidity, and increased mortality and NF1 includes a risk of malignant cancer. Today there is no treatment for the NFs (other than symptomatic); however, research efforts to understand these genetic conditions have made tremendous strides in the past few years. Progress is being made on all fronts, from discovery studies-understanding the molecular signaling deficits that cause the manifestations of NF-to the growth of preclinical drug screening initiatives and the emergence of a number of clinical ...
Trauma evaluation; musculoskeletal tumors; fracture healing; arthritis; skeletal infection; osteoporosis; metabolic bone disease; bone dysplasias; growth disturbances. ...
Hepatosplenomegaly with Extramedullary Hematopoiesis & Overfolded Superior Helix & Seizure Symptom Checker: Possible causes include FGFR2-Related Bent Bone Dysplasia. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Cartilage Biopsy Abnormal & Severely Disproportionate Short Stature & Skeletal Dysplasia Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Chondrodystrophy. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Skeletal dysplasia with brachytelephalangy in a patient with a congenital disorder of glycosylation due to ALG6 gene mutations ...
Geleophysic Dysplasia: Characterized by the designation of the happy face of the affected child (gelios = happy, physis = nature). This disorder is often considered a focal mucopolysaccharidosis. The clinical features include dysostosis multiplex-like changes, predominantly in the hands and feet, and the consequences of focal accumulation of acid mucopolysaccharides in the liver and possibly the cardiovascular system. Joint contractures, hepatomegaly, and cardiomegaly can be present. Aortic and mitral valves regurgitation have been reported. ...
Provides information on a corgi with hip dysplasia and her recovery from surgery, a double femoral head ostectomy. Includes photos, videos and a blog. ...
Treatment progresses for two girls with Blounts disease, The American College of Physicians recommends greater use of generic medications and theres a new chair in neurosurgery at VCU School of Medicine.
I have a dog that has been x-rade came back with both in elbows and hips with mild dysplasia, devasted me had really high hopes for this dog. He has so much...
What can be done about genetic diseases? Well, canine geneticists estimate that the average purebred dog carries at least 4 defective genes. He or she may not be showing them but they are hidden within their genome. So you can mate a normal looking dog carrying elbow dysplasia with another normal looking dog carrying genes for elbow dysplasia and produce a litter of dysplastic pups.. So, then what to do? Support Open Registries and urge every breeder to use one. Basically, an open registry encourages breeders to test every puppy they produce for whatever genetic diseases their breed may be carrying and register these findings (good or bad) . In this way one can see what may be going on with an entire litter. So, if you have 6 pups and one is normal but 5 have cataracts then that one who looks normal may be carrying a gene for cataracts. This is much different from having 6 pups one which has cataracts and 5 that do not. For more information about what an open registry is you may wish to log onto ...
Well, I havent posted about this on here because I didnt think it was going to be significant. Asher began showing the slightest of limps around Aug
You most likely didnt do anything wrong - sometimes crap just happens while breeding despite doing everything we can to prevent it. Definitely
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A. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing an interpretable functional region(ii) of this gene identified in multiple (,3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).. OR. B. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing cis-regulatory elements convincingly affecting the expression of a single gene identified in multiple (,3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).. OR. C. As definitions A or B but in 2 or 3 unrelated cases/families with the phenotype, with the addition of convincing bioinformatic or functional evidence of causation e.g. known inborn error of metabolism with mutation in orthologous gene which is known to have the relevant deficient enzymatic activity in other species; existence of an animal model which recapitulates the human phenotype.. AND. D. Evidence indicates that disease-causing mutations follow a Mendelian pattern of causation appropriate for reporting in a diagnostic ...
A. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing an interpretable functional region(ii) of this gene identified in multiple (,3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).. OR. B. There are plausible disease-causing mutations(i) within, affecting or encompassing cis-regulatory elements convincingly affecting the expression of a single gene identified in multiple (,3) unrelated cases/families with the phenotype(iii).. OR. C. As definitions A or B but in 2 or 3 unrelated cases/families with the phenotype, with the addition of convincing bioinformatic or functional evidence of causation e.g. known inborn error of metabolism with mutation in orthologous gene which is known to have the relevant deficient enzymatic activity in other species; existence of an animal model which recapitulates the human phenotype.. AND. D. Evidence indicates that disease-causing mutations follow a Mendelian pattern of causation appropriate for reporting in a diagnostic ...
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Burrage LC, Reynolds JJ, Baratang NV, Phillips JB, Wegner J, McFarquhar A, Higgs MR, Christiansen AE, Lanza DG, Seavitt JR, Jain M, Li X, Parry DA, Raman V, Chitayat D, Chinn IK, Bertuch AA, Karaviti L, Schlesinger AE, Earl D, Bamshad M, Savarirayan R, Doddapaneni H, Muzny D, Jhangiani SN, Eng CM, Gibbs RA, Bi W, Emrick L, Rosenfeld JA, Postlethwait J, Westerfield M, Dickinson ME, Beaudet AL, Ranza E, Huber C, Cormier-Daire V, Shen W, Mao R, Heaney JD, Orange JS, Bertola D, Yamamoto GL, Baratela WAR, Butler MG, Ali A, Adeli M, Cohn DH, Krakow D, Jackson AP, Lees M, Offiah AC, Carlston CM, Carey JC, Stewart GS, Bacino CA, Campeau PM, Lee B. Bi-allelic Variants in TONSL Cause SPONASTRIME Dysplasia and a Spectrum of Skeletal Dysplasia Phenotypes. Am J Hum Genet. 2019 03 07; 104(3):422-438 ...
Wow! I cant believe we are 19 weeks already! We were in our 19th week with Avery when we found out that she had a form of Skeletal Dysplasia, most likely lethal. I am so grateful that our baby boy looks healthy. I still miss Avery every day and wish that she could be here planning for her brothers arrival but I know she is watching over us and is happy to see her brother finally joining our family! I have finally been able to imagine what it is going to be like to have a baby in our home. To smell his soft skin and enjoy every second with him. Honestly, I am a little scared, not to be a mom but to finally have this baby and then have to watch him grow up so fast! I know that it will be amazing and I will love every second of it, but I also know how fast it goes and even with 21 weeks left in this pregnancy, I just want to stop time already! I am loving being pregnant too. I dont know if all women feel this way or just those of us that have struggled for so long to finally get pregnant but ...
I have a female infant(child) aged 2.3 years and she has bowing of both legs and I visited an orthopedic pediatricion and he told me that she needs to do a surgical operation to correct her legs.please help me to make a discion to do the operation or notHi, my name is Sarah and I have a rare bone disorder that caused me to have bowed legs as a young child. I am now 18 and thanks to the surgery I had, I can live a perfectly normal life. Surgery is always a big decision and I would definitely recommend getting a second or even a third opinion before making any decisions but children are very strong and I know this from personal experience, that they can make it through these circumstances and come out shinning on the other side. I believe it is to do with the innocence of children that makes them so strong because they do not understand everything therefore do not worry like we as adults do. I know now if I had to go through it all again at my age I wouldnt make it. Bowed legs can cause many ...
Patients with metatropic dysplasia have an abnormality in their growth plates. The result is the wide portion of a long bone (the metaphyses) is knobby in appearance and the spine has a flattening of the vertebral bodies.
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Veilleux, Louis-Nicolas; Rauch, Frank (30 August 2017). "Muscle-Bone Interactions in Pediatric Bone Diseases". Current ... Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, ... In cerebral palsy unequal growth between muscle-tendon units and bone eventually leads to bone and joint deformities. At first ... Adults with cerebral palsy may suffer from "ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma" more so than a ...
Demko J, McLaughlin R (2005). "Developmental orthopaedic disease". Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 35 (5): 1111-35, v. doi: ... Schawalder P, Andres HU, Jutzi K, Stoupis C, Bösch C (2002). "Canine panosteitis: an idiopathic bone disease investigated in ... Panosteitis, sometimes shortened to pano among breeders,[1] is an occasionally seen long bone condition in large breed dogs. It ... X-rays may show an increased density in the medullary cavity of the affected bones, often near the nutrient foramen (where the ...
The most common cause of coxa vara is either congenital or developmental. Other common causes include metabolic bone diseases ( ... e.g. Paget's disease of bone), post-Perthes deformity, osteomyelitis, and post traumatic (due to improper healing of a fracture ... It can also occur when the bone tissue in the neck of the femur is softer than normal, causing it to bend under the weight of ... It is most commonly a sequela of osteogenesis imperfecta, Pagets disease, osteomyelitis, tumour and tumour-like conditions (e.g ...
... the treatment of breast cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as well as for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease in bone ... Atrimustine (INN) (developmental code name KM-2210; former tentative brand name Kregan), also known as bestrabucil or ... which results in targeted/site-directed cytostatic activity toward estrogen receptor-positive tissues such as breast and bone. ...
... a human developmental disorder that can occur with neurological problems. The disease phenotypes are due to improper bone ... FGD1 is expressed in areas of bone formation and post-natally in skeletal tissue, the perichondrium, joint capsule fibroblasts ... Thus Cdc42 and FGD1 regulate secretory membrane trafficking that occurs especially during bone growth and mineralization in ... Mice embryos that carried experimentally introduced mutations in the FGD1 gene had skeletal abnormalities affecting bone size, ...
Rare developmental anomaly during embryogenesis Rare genetic disease Rare bone disease Treatment for CLSD is largely focused on ... This decrease in collagen secretion can lead to the bone defects that are also characteristic of the disease, such as skeletal ... meaning that both recessive genes must be inherited from each parent in order for the disease to manifest itself. The disease ... Onset of the disease is in neonatal development and infancy, and symptoms tend to become evident soon after birth. CLSD is ...
The Human Developmental Anatomy Center[24] maintains the largest collection of embryologic material in the United States. The ... The Anatomical Collections[22] are made up of bones and body parts. More than 5,000 skeletal specimens and 10,000 preserved ... But new weapons and new environments bring new injuries, and epidemic disease remains a foe uniting all eras of combat. The ... "National Museum of Health and Medicine (NMHM): Human Developmental Anatomy Center". Medicalmuseum.mil. Retrieved 2019-06-19.. ...
... such as facial bone fractures and breaks; congenital abnormalities, such as cleft palates or cleft lips; developmental ... Hand surgery is concerned with acute injuries and chronic diseases of the hand and wrist, correction of congenital ... Park, Sanghoon (2017). Facial bone contouring surgery: a practical guide. Singapore: Springer. ISBN 9789811027260. . OCLC ... Free flaps of skin, muscle, bone, fat, or a combination may be removed from the body, moved to another site on the body, and ...
Pyramiding may also be a visible sign of metabolic bone disease (MBD) in tortoises. Once pyramiding has occurred, it cannot be ... Evolutionary developmental biology Cordero, GA (2017). "The Turtle's Shell". Current Biology. 27 (5): R168-R169. doi:10.1016/j. ... The bone of the shell consists of both skeletal and dermal bone, showing that the complete enclosure of the shell probably ... The bones of the shell are named for standard vertebrate elements. As such the carapace is made up of 8 pleurals on each side, ...
Bone pain, joint pain (caused by the spread of "blast" cells to the surface of the bone or into the joint from the marrow ... relapse of malignant disease and incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host diseases if they are used for prophylactic ... Recent studies showed that CNS chemotherapy provided results as favorable but with less developmental side-effects. As a result ... Cytogenetic testing on the marrow samples can help classify disease and predict how aggressive the disease course will be. ...
Hypertrophic osteopathy is a bone disease secondary to disease in the lungs. It is characterized by new bone formation on the ... It is a developmental disease in puppies causing extensive bony changes in the mandible and skull. Signs include pain upon ... The disease in dogs can affect the eyes, brain, lungs, skin, or bones. Histoplasmosis* is a fungal disease caused by ... This list of dog diseases is a selection of diseases and other conditions found in the dog. Some of these diseases are unique ...
It may be developmental in origin or due to softening of the skull base bone, allowing it to be pushed upward.The developmental ... Platybasia is a spinal disease of a malformed relationship between the occipital bone and cervical spine. It may be caused by ... It is sometimes associated with other congenital abnormalities of the bone structure, such as fusion of the first cervical ... Paget's disease. Platybasia is also a feature of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, commonly known as basal cell nevus syndrome. ...
... , also known as dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica and Trevor's disease, is a congenital bone developmental ... Trevor disease): a rare developmental disorder of bone mimicking osteochondroma of long bones". Human Pathology. 38 (8): 1265- ... Trevor disease was first described by the French surgeon Albert Mouchet and J. Belot in 1926. In 1956, the name "dysplasia ... Dorfman, H. D.; Vanel, D.; Czerniak, B.; Park, Y. K.; Kotz, R.; Unni, K. K. (2002). "WHO classification of tumours of bone: ...
... of Genome Regulation Behavioral Determinants and Developmental Imaging Bone and Matrix Biology in Development and Disease Cell ... Health and Disease Branch Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Branch Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch ... NICHD became a funding source for research on birth defects and intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs), created a ... free from disease or disability, and to ensure the health, productivity, independence, and well-being of all people through ...
Mitu G, Hirschberg R (May 2008). "Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP7) in chronic kidney disease". Frontiers in Bioscience. 13 ( ... In many early developmental experiments using zebrafish, scientists used caBMPR (constitutively active) and tBMP (truncated ... BMP7 also has the potential for treatment of chronic kidney disease. Kidney disease is characterized by derangement of the ... Reddi AH (July 2000). "Bone morphogenetic proteins and skeletal development: the kidney-bone connection". Pediatric Nephrology ...
... he investigated the mechanisms of functional adaptations of bones, cartilage, and tendons to malformation and disease. His ... Roux's research was based upon the notion of Entwicklungsmechanik or developmental mechanics: ... 677-8, PMID 12091116 Kirschner, Stefan (2003), "[Wilhelm Roux's concept of 'developmental mechanics']", Würzburger ... a seminal work for biophysical modelling in developmental biology.", Ann. Anat. (published Feb 1997), 179 (1), pp. 33-6, doi: ...
Lion-like facies - involvement of craniofacial bones in Paget disease of Bone Chipmunk facies - beta thalassemia Pitt-Hopkins ... intranasal disease Coarse facies - many inborn errors of metabolism Adenoid facies - developmental facial traits caused by ... The ineffective erythropoiesis causes marrow hyperplasia or expansion and bony changes, including the bones of the face; this ...
No cures for lysosomal storage diseases are known, and treatment is mostly symptomatic, although bone marrow transplantation ... They can include developmental delay, movement disorders, seizures, dementia, deafness, and/or blindness. Some people with LSD ... disease Infantile free sialic acid storage disease Glycogen storage diseases Type II Pompe disease Type IIb Danon disease Other ... Pompe disease was the first disease to be identified as an LSD in 1963, with L. Hers reporting the cause as a deficiency of α- ...
Powers of Minus Ten - Bone, a companion app to Scientastic! "Sticks and Stones" about bone biology, received recognition by ... heart and spinal cord trauma and disease, as well as autoimmune diseases like Type I Diabetes. Pollock initially became ... Biomed Central: Developmental Biology, 9(64). K. Jackson-Behan, J. Fair, S. Singh, M. Bogwitz, T. Perry, V. Grubor, F. ... in September 2010 and focused on broken bones and bone regeneration. It starred Riverdale actress Lili Reinhart as the show's ...
... healing occurs by new blood vessels infiltrating the dead bone and removing the necrotic bone which leads to a loss of bone ... 1873, v. ISBN 0-7216-7258-2. Demko J, McLaughlin R (2005). "Developmental orthopedic disease". Vet Clin N Am Small Animal Pract ... healing occurs by new blood vessels infiltrating the dead bone and removing the necrotic bone which leads to a loss of bone ... Barker DJ, Dixon E, Taylor JF (1978). "Perthes' disease of the hip in three regions of England". J Bone Joint Surg Br. 60 (4): ...
The medication was also studied to treat bone pain in patients with multiple myeloma, metastatic bone disease, and osteoporosis ... Mytatrienediol (developmental code name SC-6924; former tentative brand names Manvene, Anvene), also known as 16α-methyl-16β- ... Kabakow, Bernard (1960). "Effects of Mytatrienediol in Multiple Myeloma, Metastatic Bone Disease, and Osteoporosis". Archives ... Comparison with Premarin in Men with Coronary Heart Disease". Circulation. 17 (6): 1035-1040. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.17.6.1035. ...
Those who have suffered injury or disease affecting the muscles, bones, ligaments, or tendons will benefit from assessment by a ... developmental, neuromuscular, skeletal, or acquired disorders/diseases. Treatments focus mainly on improving gross and fine ... These can include stroke, chronic back pain, Alzheimer's disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), ALS, brain injury, ... Neurological physical therapy is a field focused on working with individuals who have a neurological disorder or disease. ...
Untreated, these diseases can lead to alveolar bone loss and tooth loss. As of 2013[update], Periodontal disease accounted for ... Developmental or Acquired Deformities and Conditions. A. Localised tooth-related factors that modify or predispose to plaque- ... Periodontal diseases[edit]. Periodontal disease encompasses a number of diseases of the periodontal tissues that result in ... "Gum Disease: Causes, Prevention, & Treatment of Gum Disease". Colgate® Australia.. *^ a b Genco, Robert J.; Borgnakke, Wenche S ...
Gingival diseases - non dental biofilm induced a. Genetic/developmental disorders b. Specific infections c. Inflammatory and ... Radiographs such as bitewings, intra-oral periapicals or panoramics can be done to help assess the bone loss and aid in ... Classification of Periodontal Diseases 2017 In 2017, a new classification system for Periodontal diseases was released. It has ... Necrotizing periodontal diseases II) Periodontitis III) Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease In the third ...
Brittle Bone Disorders Consortium (BBD), Brendan Lee, M.D., Ph.D., Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. Clinical Research ... Developmental Synaptopathies Consortium (DSC), Mustafa Sahin, M.D., Ph.D., Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Dystonia ... The Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network (RDCRN) is an initiative of the Office of Rare Diseases Research (ORDR). RDCRN is ... The following is a timeline of the Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network: As a result of the Rare Diseases Act of 2002, on ...
... in high disease burdens, or as part of the preparations for a bone marrow transplant (total body irradiation). In the past, ... Recent studies showed that CNS chemotherapy provided results as favorable but with less developmental side-effects. As a result ... relapse of malignant disease and incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host diseases if they are used for prophylactic ... Cytogenetic testing on the marrow samples can help classify disease and predict how aggressive the disease course will be. ...
"Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for Alexander's disease". Bone Marrow Transplant. 20 (3): 247-9. doi:10.1038/sj.bmt. ... Symptoms include mental and physical developmental delays, followed by the loss of developmental milestones, an abnormal ... alexander_disease at NINDS "Cause of brain disease found" -BBC News "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-28. ... Alexander disease belongs to leukodystrophies, a group of diseases that affect the growth or development of the myelin sheath. ...
Brian Keith Hall (2005). Bones and cartilage: developmental and evolutionary skeletal biology. Academic Press. pp. 150-. ISBN ... The results of this research was used as a model for Kashin-Beck disease. Kashin-Beck is a result of combinatorial ... "Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 22 (8): 1245-1259. doi:10.1359/jbmr.070420. PMID 17456009.. ... "Developmental Biology. 321 (2): 303-309. doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.03.046. PMC 3378386. PMID 18684439.. ...
Developmental delay hypotonia extremities hypertrophy Developmental dyslexia Developmental dysphasia familial Devic syndrome ... induced lung disease Dwarfism Dwarfism bluish sclerae Dwarfism deafness retinitis pigmentosa Dwarfism lethal type advanced bone ... This is a list of diseases starting with the letter "D". Diseases Alphabetical list 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T ... myopathy Desmoid disease Desmoid tumor Desmoplastic small round cell tumor Developmental coordination disorder Developmental ...
... removal of one-quarter inch of the center of the hyoid bone, closure of the cut ends of the hyoid bone, and placement of a ... mass or a lump which develops from cells and tissues left over after the formation of the thyroid gland during developmental ... Thyroid disease. *Persistent thyroglossal duct. *Thyroglossal cyst. *Congenital hypothyroidism *Thyroid dysgenesis. *Thyroid ... between the isthmus of the thyroid and the hyoid bone or just above the hyoid bone. A thyroglossal cyst can develop anywhere ...
A common example of pleiotropy is the human disease phenylketonuria (PKU). This disease causes mental retardation and reduced ... This linkage is further evidenced by the fact that two of the genes, HAO1 and BMP2, affecting medullary bone (the part of the ... Developmental pleiotropy occurs when mutations have multiple effects on the resulting phenotype. Selectional pleiotropy occurs ... "Complications and Treatments , Sickle Cell Disease". CDC. Retrieved 2016-11-11.. *^ a b c d "Marfan Syndrome". National ...
Knowledge of developmental psychology puts into perspective how developmental disabilities influence the child, as do their ... Heart diseaseEdit. According to a 2013 Cochrane review, listening to music may improve heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood ... For at least 40,000 years, the healing tool was believed to assist in healing "broken bones, muscle tears and illnesses of ... The improved developmental activity and behavioral status of premature infants when they are discharged from the NICU, is ...
Ginaldi, L.; M.F. Loreto; M.P. Corsi; M. Modesti; M. de Martinis (2001). "Immunosenescence and infectious diseases". Microbes ... Min, H.; E. Montecino-Rodriguez; K. Dorshkind (2004). "Reduction in the developmental potential of intrathymic T cell ... which is the organ essential for T-cell maturation following the migration of precursor cells from the bone marrow. This age- ... This has been implicated in the increasing frequency and severity of diseases such as cancer, chronic inflammatory disorders, ...
The Hanford Thyroid Disease Study, an epidemiologic study of the relationship between estimated exposure doses to radioiodine ... As studies of biological samples (including bone, thyroid glands and other tissues) have been undertaken, it has become ... and other reproductive developmental problems.[23][27][33] ... and who are able to show correlations between certain diseases ... Several severe adverse health effects, such as an increased incidence of cancers, thyroid diseases, CNS neoplasms, and possibly ...
However, the rather nondescript bone is not unequivocally psittaciform, and it may rather belong to the ibis genus Rhynchaeites ... Iwaniuk, A. N.; Nelson, J. E. (2003). "Developmental differences are correlated with relative brain size in birds: a ... it may originate from the disease of psittacosis, which can be passed to humans.[121][122] The first occurrence of a related ... The earliest records of modern parrots date to around 23-20 mya.[15] The fossil record-mainly from Europe-consists of bones ...
The adults and larvae feed on the dried skin, tendons and bone left by fly larvae. Hide beetles are the only beetle with the ... Forensic entomology is the scientific study of the invasion of the succession pattern of arthropods with their developmental ... it is often considered a pest that can carry serious diseases. The adults are 6-9 mm long. Their thorax is gray, with four ... From the cases Goff observed he found that if subjected for more than 30 minutes, there was a 24‑hour developmental delay. ...
Bone Marrow Transplant». ucsfchildrenshospital.org.. *↑ Ed Kane. «Stem-cell therapy shows promise for horse soft-tissue injury ... Developmental biology (Tenth izd.). Sunderland, Mass. : Sinauer, 2014. ISBN 978-0878939787.. *↑ Rakic, P (October 2009). " ... Vastag B (2001). "Stem Cells Step Closer to the Clinic: Paralysis Partially Reversed in Rats with ALS-like Disease". JAMA: The ... "Application of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells in six patients with advanced chronic critical limb ischemia as a ...
Chronic granulomatous disease: autosomal (NCF1) Chronic granulomatous disease: autosomal (NCF2) IL-12 and IL-23 β1 chain ... Bone marrow transplant may be possible for Severe Combined Immune Deficiency and other severe immunodeficiences. Virus-specific ... and signs that lead to the diagnosis of an immunodeficiency include recurrent or persistent infections or developmental delay ... Such donor T-cells often cause acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a subject of ongoing investigation. VSTs have been ...
... is one of several related lysosomal storage diseases called the MPS diseases. In Hunter syndrome, GAGs build up ... The bones themselves may be affected, resulting in short stature. In addition, pebbly, ivory-colored skin lesions may be found ... In some cases of Hunter syndrome, central nervous system involvement leads to developmental delays and nervous system problems ... the effects of even mild disease are quite serious. Between the two main forms of disease, and even within them, two of the ...
"Stem-cell-based strategies for the treatment of Parkinson's disease". 》Neuro-Degenerative Diseases》 4 (4): 339-347. ISSN 1660- ... "Application of stem cells in bone repair". 》Skeletal Radiology》 37 (7): 601-608. ISSN 0364-2348. PMID 18193216. doi:10.1007/ ... "Myeloid leukaemia inhibitory factor maintains the developmental potential of embryonic stem cells". 》Nature》 336 (6200): 684- ... "Designer's microglia with novel delivery system in neurodegenerative diseases". 》Medical Hypotheses》 83 (4): 510-512. ISSN ...
... developmental / behavioral and aptitude domains. These include studies on children and adults with learning and developmental ... Due to the lack of scientific basis and the wide range of diseases it claimed to treat, French authorities have always ... In his attempt to retrain his patients, he developed the Electronic Ear, a device which utilizes electronic gating, bone ... Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 38 (3): 562-6. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0413-1. PMID 17610057.. ...
... is one such disease, part of an emerging class of diseases called ciliopathies. The underlying cause ... Malformation of the wrist bones (fusion of the hamate and capitate bones). ... The cilia defects adversely affect "numerous critical developmental signaling pathways" essential to cellular development and ... "Genes and Diseases. NCBI. 1998. Retrieved November 8, 2010.. *^ Ruiz-Perez VL, Ide SE, Strom TM, et al. (2000). "Mutations in a ...
Chang J. E., White A., Simon R. A., Stevenson D. D. (2012)։ «Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease: burden of disease»։ ... Skoner DP (December 2016)։ «Inhaled corticosteroids: Effects on growth and bone health.»։ Annals of Allergy, Asthma & ... developmental immunology 2012: 176484։ PMC 3251799։ PMID 22235226։ doi:10.1155/2012/176484 ... 2010)։ Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease (8th ed.)։ Saunders։ էջ 688։ ISBN 978-1-4160-3121-5։ OCLC 643462931 , ...
The fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones and is also known as articular ligament, articular larua, ... The science of diagnosing and managing plant diseases.. placebo. A substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.. ... developmental biology. The branch of biology that studies the processes by which living organisms grow and develop over time. ... disease. Any particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of a living ...
... bone lost due to chronic infection from periodontal disease has resulted in two FDA-approved products based on this molecule. ... PDGFs are mitogenic during early developmental stages, driving the proliferation of undifferentiated mesenchyme and some ... In experiments, it new bone fully covered skull wounds in test animals and stimulated growth in human bone marrow stromal cells ... Kumar, Vinay (2010). Robbins and Coltran Pathologic Basis of Disease. China: Elsevier. pp. 88-89. ISBN 978-1-4160-3121-5. .. ...
... predicts increased infectious disease mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 48 (4): 418 ... "FALL-39, a putative human peptide antibiotic, is cysteine-free and expressed in bone marrow and testis". Proceedings of the ... "Tissue expression and developmental regulation of chicken cathelicidin antimicrobial peptides". Journal of Animal Science and ... "Cathelicidin LL-37: an antimicrobial peptide with a role in inflammatory skin disease". Annals of Dermatology. 24 (2): 126-35 ...
2001). Immunobiology: The Immune System in Health and Disease. 5th edition. Glossary: Garland Science.. ... "Clinical & Developmental Immunology. 2012: 163453. doi:10.1155/2012/163453. PMC 3351025. PMID 22611418.. ... bone marrow for B cells). ... The Immune System in Health and Disease (5th ed.). Chapter 4, ...
... inflammatory responses within the bone marrow are believed to foster many hematological diseases. The secretion of IL-6 by bone ... It acts as a component of the E3 ubiquitin ligase, regulating various developmental processes, including embryogenesis, ... July 1994). "Bone marrow angiogenesis and progression in multiple myeloma". Br. J. Haematol. 87 (3): 503-8. doi:10.1111/j.1365- ... They discovered increased bone marrow angiogenesis correlates with myeloma growth and supporting stromal cells are a ...
... disease, pathology, the process of ossification (from cartilaginous molds), and the resistance and hardness of bones ( ... Another way to tell the age of bones is by bone osteons under a microscope or look for arthritis indicators on the bones. ... The two bone structures that are used to determine whether a person is male or female are the skull and pelvis. The bones can ... Osteology, derived from the Greek words osteon .(bone) and logos (knowledge), is the scientific study of bones, practised by ...
The developmental psychologist Erik Erikson used the term epigenetic principle in his book Identity: Youth and Crisis (1968), ... Robertson KD, Wolffe AP (October 2000). "DNA methylation in health and disease". Nature Reviews Genetics. 1 (1): 11-9. PMID ... Adult stem cells like bone marrow stem cells have also shown a potential to differentiate into cardiac competent cells when ... Probabilistic epigenesis, Developmental Science 10:1 (2007), 1-11. *^ Boeree, C. George, (1997/2006), Personality Theories, ...
... and a greater susceptibility to bone and joint diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis.[46][47][48] ... developmental.[25] Chronological age may differ considerably from a person's functional age. The distinguishing marks of old ... "diseases in addition to the primary disease" *^ Skiner HG, Blanchard J, Elixhauser A (September 2014). "Trends in Emergency ... Bone and joint. Old bones are marked by "thinning and shrinkage". This might result in a loss of height (about two inches (5 cm ...
"Jacobsen syndrome , Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program". rarediseases.info.nih.gov.. ... bone deformities, growth hormone deficiency, gastrointestinal problems, kidney malfunctions, etc.[10] ... "Jacobsen syndrome , Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program". rarediseases.info.nih.gov.. ... Congenital malformations and deformations of integument / skin disease (Q80-Q82, 757.0-757.3) ...
Lauckner, G. (1980). Diseases of protozoa. In: Diseases of Marine Animals. Kinne, O. (ed.). Vol. 1, p. 84, John Wiley & Sons, ... Niklas, K. J. (2014) The evolutionary-developmental origins of multicellularity. *^ Fairclough, Stephen R.; Dayel, Mark J.; ... Because the first multicellular organisms were simple, soft organisms lacking bone, shell or other hard body parts, they are ... Niklas, KJ (2014). "The evolutionary-developmental origins of multicellularity". Am. J. Bot. 101: 6-25. doi:10.3732/ajb.1300314 ...
International classification of diseases. The International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10 (ICD-10) ... A developmental perspective on risk-modifying factors". Archives of General Psychiatry. 53 (5): 416-23. doi:10.1001/archpsyc. ... "Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States: Males, all ages (2004)" (xls). World Health Organization. 2004 ... "WHO releases new International Classification of Diseases (ICD 11)". World Health Organization. Retrieved 15 November 2018.. ...
... occipital bone), the face (frontal bone), and the top (parietal bones) and sides (temporal bone) of the head. Most of the bones ... Furthermore, this is only possible if the mutation causing the disease has already been identified within the family genome. ... increased developmental delay. Individuals with SCS, typically have normal brain functioning and rarely have mental impairments ... In individuals with SCS, the coronal suture separating the frontal bones from the parietal bones, closes prematurely ( ...
... developmental factors, strength training, and disease. Contrary to popular belief, the number of muscle fibres cannot be ... Skeletal muscle or "voluntary muscle" is anchored by tendons (or by aponeuroses at a few places) to bone and is used to effect ... Other syndromes or conditions that can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart disease and some diseases of the ... and Parkinson's disease to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, can lead to problems with movement or motor coordination. ...
Developmental abnormalities and hereditary conditions: Many diseases of the skeletal system are congenital in the sense that ... Developmental abnormalities and hereditary conditions. Congenital bone diseases. Many diseases of the skeletal system are ... human disease: Diseases of senescence. …joints are changes involving the bone itself. The bone of elderly persons is known to ... More About Bone disease. 13 references found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *arthritis* In human disease: ...
"Bone Diseases, Developmental" by people in this website by year, and whether "Bone Diseases, Developmental" was a major or ... "Bone Diseases, Developmental" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH ( ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Bone Diseases, Developmental" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Bone Diseases, Developmental". ...
These include problems that can occur at or before birth, such as genetic abnormalities and developmental defects, as well as ... This chapter reviews some of the more common diseases, disorders, and conditions that both directly and indirectly affect bone. ... diseases such as osteoporosis and Pagets disease of bone that damage the skeleton later in life. In addition to conditions ... can be disrupted in different ways that result in a variety of bone diseases and disorders. ...
Detection of minimal or measurable residual disease (MRD) is an important prognostic biomarker for refining risk assessment and ... Developmental Biology. Use of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation to Assess the Origin of Myelodysplastic Syndrome… ... Paietta, E. Assessing minimal residual disease (MRD) in leukemia: a changing definition and concept? Bone Marrow Transplant. 29 ... However, given the inherent heterogeneity and complexity of AML as a disease, methods for sampling bone marrow and performing ...
Manual for The Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (Chapter 15) ... developmental delay,. *meningoencephalitis, or. *radiolucent bone disease.. Confirmed: An infant with at least one of the ... radiolucent bone disease.. Probable: An infant who does not have laboratory confirmation of rubella infection but has at least ... congenital heart disease, hearing impairment, and developmental delay. Infants with CRS often present with more than one of ...
Buy the Hardcover Book Bone Diseases by Claus-Peter Adler at Indigo.ca, Canadas largest bookstore. + Get Free Shipping on ... Bone Fracture.- Bone Inflammation.- Bone Necrosis.- Storage Diseases.- Bone Granulomas.- Bone Tumors.- Degenerative Joint ... Bone Diseases: Macroscopic, Histological, and Radiological Diagnosis of Structural Changes in the…. byClaus-Peter Adler ... Title:Bone Diseases: Macroscopic, Histological, and Radiological Diagnosis of Structural Changes in the…Format:Hardcover ...
Musculoskeletal Diseases. Joint Dislocations. Bone Diseases. Wounds and Injuries. Hip Injuries. To Top ... Efficacy and Satisfaction Comparing Two Braces in the Treatment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) in Infants. This ... Nonterratological developmental dysplasia of the hip diagnosed by physical exam and standard of care ultrasound ... evaluate the effectiveness of the Plastizote abduction brace compared to the Pavlik harness in the treatment of developmental ...
Bone Diseases. Musculoskeletal Diseases. Wounds and Injuries. Hip Injuries. Musculoskeletal Abnormalities. Congenital ... Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), formerly known as Congenital Dislocation of the Hip (CDH) is a relatively common ... Discovering the Gene(s) Causing Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH). This study is ongoing, but not recruiting ... Only a very small number of these patients with the extremely severe form of the disease (dislocated hip) are identified at ...
Genetic Diseases, Inborn. Dwarfism. Bone Diseases, Developmental. Bone Diseases. Musculoskeletal Diseases. ...
Bone Diseases, Developmental. Bone Diseases. Musculoskeletal Diseases. Bone Diseases, Endocrine. Hypopituitarism. Pituitary ... Hypothalamic Diseases. Brain Diseases. Central Nervous System Diseases. Nervous System Diseases. Endocrine System Diseases. ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Growth Hormone Disorder Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency Drug: somatropin Drug ... Bone mineral density and body composition assessed by DEXA (Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry). *Quality of life using EQ5D ( ...
Linking the Primary Inflammation to Bone Loss," Clinical and Developmental Immunology, vol. 2013, Article ID 503754, 7 pages, ... Periodontal Disease: Linking the Primary Inflammation to Bone Loss. Adriana Di Benedetto, Isabella Gigante, Silvia Colucci, and ... Adriana Di Benedetto, Isabella Gigante, Silvia Colucci, and Maria Grano, "Periodontal Disease: ... Clinical and Developmental Immunology. Volume 2013, Article ID 503754, 7 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/503754. Review ...
developmental delay,. *meningoencephalitis, OR. *radiolucent bone disease.. Confirmed. An infant with at least one symptom ( ... NOTE: A surveillance case definition is a set of uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance. ... Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Office of Public Health Scientific Services (OPHSS). Center for ... congenital heart disease (most commonly patent ductus arteriosus or peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis), ...
Our world-class Metabolic Bone Disease Service sees children from all over the UK with a wide range of conditions including:. * ... Care4BrittleBones - aims to improve the quality of life for people with Brittle Bone Disease by enabling more medical research. ... There are two metabolic bone disease outpatient clinics per week. One is dedicated to seeing patients receiving oral ... Brittle Bone Society - the Brittle Bone Society is a national charity that supports individuals and families affected by ...
... is a tyrosine kinase receptor expressed in developing bone, cochlea, brain and spinal cord. Achondroplasia, the most common ... Bone Diseases, Developmental / genetics* * Bone Diseases, Developmental / metabolism* * Bone Diseases, Developmental / ... Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (Fgfr3) is a tyrosine kinase receptor expressed in developing bone, cochlea, brain and ... Skeletal defects include kyphosis, scoliosis, crooked tails and curvature and overgrowth of long bones and vertebrae. Contrasts ...
We report the identification of disease-causing mutations in a rare, severe, skeletal dysplasia, studying a family of two ... Bone Diseases, Developmental / genetics* * Bone Diseases, Developmental / pathology * Cell Proliferation * Exons / genetics ... We report the identification of disease-causing mutations in a rare, severe, skeletal dysplasia, studying a family of two ...
Bone Diseases, Developmental. Diseases resulting in abnormal GROWTH or abnormal MORPHOGENESIS of BONES. ... The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of newly forming bone graft (NFB) in the gain of bone volume in sinus lift ... Sinus Lift With Newly Forming Bone and Inorganic Bovine Bone. ... Immune System Diseases. Disorders caused by abnormal or absent ... It is characterized by the replacement of bone marrow by fibrous tissue, a process that is mediated by CYTOKINES arising from ...
Key words: Bone density; Osteosclerosis; Osteitis; Developmental bone diseases. Introduction. During many years, two radiopaque ... spotted bone disease), osteosarcoma, metastatic carcinomas, osteomyelitis and medullary bone infarct, among others.14-17,20 ... It is possible that the abnormal bone deposit distinctive of both studied GOLs could be related with excessive bone activity ... it is considered as an anatomic variant or a developmental bone lesion.9,10,18 ...
Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Fourth Edition (9780415414944) by Crispian Scully; Stephen Flint and a great selection of ... Diseases of connective tissue, bone, and joints. *Congenital, developmental, and systemic disorders ... Gastrointestinal disorders and diseases of the liver. *Diseases of the genito-urinary system and issues regarding pregnancy and ... 1. Oral And Maxillofacial Diseases, 4E ( Rupees 5995 ) Andrews,Bennett,Bennett P.N.,Heinrich,Heinrich J.G,Martensen,Micozzi, ...
Bone Diseases, Developmental / complications, surgery*. Child, Preschool. Cleft Lip / complications, surgery*. Female. Humans. ...
Bone disease: Scoliosis develops in about 20% and kyphosis develops in about 50%. An increased risk for fracture and ... Developmental delay and learning disabilities: Overall intellectual function is normal but girls with Turner syndrome tend to ... And the bone density test typically overestimates the risk for osteoporosis in women who have short stature. Therefore adequate ... Turner syndrome is characterized by the common features of short stature, developmental immaturity, webbing of the skin on the ...
Bone Diseases, Developmental / diagnosis, surgery. Child, Preschool. Female. Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / diagnosis*, surgery. ... Rare Diseases. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sampling Studies. Tibia / abnormalities, pathology*. Treatment Outcome. ... 1988479 - Microgeodic disease affecting the hands and feet of children.. 18493899 - Chiari malformation caused by ... 269939 - Fibrous dysplasia of the mandible and sphenoid bones: report of case.. 12935559 - The examination of mushroom ...
Deciphering the Mechanisms of Developmental Disorders (DMDD). *Origins of Bone and Cartilage Disease (OBCD) ...
Bone Diseases, Developmental. *Bone Diseases, Metabolic. *Clubfoot. *Fractures, Closed. *Fractures, Open. *Hip Dislocation, ...
Archives of Disease in Childhood Oct 2014, 99 (Suppl 2) A298-A299; DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2014-307384.819 ... Archives of Disease in Childhood Jan 2018, 103 (1) 92-94; DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313234 ... PO-0157 Evaluation Of Bone Mineral Density In Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (all) And Non-hodgkins Lymphoma (nhl) ...
Identify and characterize the gene causing diaphyseal medullary stenosis with malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone.II. De ... Bone Diseases, Developmental. *Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary. .map{width:100%;height:300px;margin-bottom:15px}. Name. ... presence of bone disease. Affected individuals undergo bone densitometry, MRI studies,. thallium scans, ophthalmologic ... Disease Characteristics--. Diagnosis of diaphyseal medullary stenosis with malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the bone. OR. ...
... developmental bone diseases; contracted-foal syndrome; infertility; fractures; laminitis; infectious diseases and ... With this knowledge, researchers can begin to understand the genetic aspects of equine physiology and disease. Nutrigenomics ( ... In turn, genetic differences in disease resistance, physical ability and behavioural characteristics, can be identified. The ... whereby the effect of nutrients on gene expression can be studied and the influence on disease or physiology discovered. In ...
Purpura, hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, microcephaly, developmental delay, meningoencephalitis, radiolucent bone disease.. ... NOTE: A surveillance case definition is a set of uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance. ... Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Office of Public Health Scientific Services (OPHSS). Center for ... Cataracts/congenital glaucoma, congenital heart disease (most commonly patent ductus arteriosus or peripheral pulmonary artery ...
Mothers bone marrow could cure diseases in unborn baby - Jan 19, 2011 ... If a mother contracts cytomegalovirus (CMV) while pregnant, her foetus is at risk of hearing or vision loss, developmental ... Bacteria linked to preterm births, developmental problems in newborns - Jan 28, 2011 ... do not know whether it produces any developmental or immune system problems. ...
Musculoskeletal Diseases [C05]. *Bone Diseases [C05.116]. *Bone Diseases, Developmental [C05.116.099]. *Dwarfism [C05.116. ...
Musculoskeletal Diseases [C05]. *Bone Diseases [C05.116]. *Bone Diseases, Developmental [C05.116.099]. *Dysostoses [C05.116. ...
  • Many diseases of the skeletal system are congenital in the sense that they become evident at or soon after birth. (britannica.com)
  • 1-3 ] Common congenital defects of CRS include cataracts, congenital heart disease, hearing impairment, and developmental delay. (cdc.gov)
  • Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), formerly known as Congenital Dislocation of the Hip (CDH) is a relatively common disorder that can lead to early onset arthritis of the hip. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A congenital infection of HHV-6 - or one that is present at birth - produces high levels of virus in the body but scientists (doctors) do not know whether it produces any developmental or immune system problems. (thaindian.com)
  • Developmental abnormalities-for example, congenital false joint in the tibia-may necessitate amputation in childhood. (britannica.com)
  • If these animal results are borne out in humans, we may have very potent and effective treatments for both forms of this disease-injury-induced HO and the congenital form. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (Congenital Dislocation). (semanticscholar.org)
  • These diseases are all present at birth (congenital). (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • This may either be congenital or the result of a bone disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common cause of coxa vara is either congenital or developmental. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acheiropody, also known as acheiropodia , is related to congenital amputation and autosomal recessive disease . (malacards.org)
  • Trevor disease, also known as dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica and Trevor's disease, is a congenital bone developmental disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • For detailed treatment of these disorders, see connective tissue disease . (britannica.com)
  • A large number of genetic and developmental disorders affect the skeleton. (nih.gov)
  • One of the most common of these acquired skeletal disorders is a malignancy of the bone. (nih.gov)
  • The body systems that control the growth and maintenance of the skeleton, which are described in Chapter 2 , can be disrupted in different ways that result in a variety of bone diseases and disorders. (nih.gov)
  • In addition to conditions that affect bone directly, there are many other disorders that indirectly affect bone by interfering with mineral metabolism. (nih.gov)
  • This chapter reviews some of the more common diseases, disorders, and conditions that both directly and indirectly affect bone. (nih.gov)
  • The New Edition updates and distills all of the most important content from Dr. Donald Resnick's 5-volume Diagnosis of Bone and Joint Disorders, 4th Edition into a single, concise source. (worldcat.org)
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome is an umbrella term used to describe disorders characterized by the bone marrow's inability to produce normal blood cells. (brightsurf.com)
  • Increased osteolysis is a common feature of inflammatory disorders and a risk factor for bone fractures. (springer.com)
  • The last decade has seen renewed interest on interactions among mineral metabolism disorders and extraosseous and cardiovascular calcifications observed in CKD or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). (asnjournals.org)
  • The developed model can potentially predict the function for a mutated protein based on the histology of pathologic bone samples from mineralization disorders of unknown etiology. (frontiersin.org)
  • 2007). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders-Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, six sites, United States, 2000. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36 , 413-420. (springer.com)
  • Developmental anomalies of the oral cavity: the relationship between oral health and genetic disorders, part II. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Such insights could lead to the identification of new targets for the development of anabolic treatments of osteoporosis and other disorders, and to improve bone repair and regenerative tissue engineering strategies. (ectsoc.org)
  • Growing animals that are fed too much protein or have an improper balance of calcium and phosphorus can also develop nutritional disorders affecting bones. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Most bone disorders stem from some sort of trauma, such as fractures or cracks. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Infections that cause bone tissue to break down and die can lead to bone disorders. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Movable joints are vulnerable to joint diseases or disorders affecting their membranes as well as related ligaments, cartilage, and bone. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Joint disorders may be caused by trauma to the joint, longterm inflammation, developmental problems, or infections. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Bone marrow failure is a term used for a group of life threatening disorders associated with an inability of the bone marrow to make an adequate number of mature blood cells. (healthcanal.com)
  • In a healthy person, these three types of cells are produced in the bone marrow. (brightsurf.com)
  • While looking for the cause of a rare disease, a team of researchers led by Prof. Dr. Annette Grüter-Kieslich, Head of the Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology, discovered a potential trigger for MDS development in children with monosomy 7 of the bone marrow. (brightsurf.com)
  • Bone marrow cells which have lost the mutated chromosome 7 have a considerable selection advantage," explains Prof. Annette Grüters-Kieslich. (brightsurf.com)
  • Stem cells located in the bone marrow generate and control the production of blood and immune cells. (brightsurf.com)
  • Scientists have discovered the molecular mechanism behind how the common cytomegalovirus can wreak havoc on bone marrow and organ transplant patients, according to a paper published in the journal Cell & Host Microbe. (brightsurf.com)
  • Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have demonstrated a new, rapid method to obtain donor stem cells for bone marrow transplants using a combination of Viagra and a second drug called Plerixafor. (brightsurf.com)
  • A woman's bone marrow may determine her ability to start and sustain a pregnancy, report Yale researchers in PLOS Biology. (brightsurf.com)
  • Bone marrow-derived cells play a role in changes to the mouse uterus before and during pregnancy, enabling implantation of the embryo and reducing pregnancy loss, according to research published Sept. (brightsurf.com)
  • Researchers mapped distinct bone marrow niche populations and their differentiation paths for the bone marrow factory that starts from mesenchymal stromal cells and ends with three types of cells -- fat cells, bone-making cells and cartilage-making cells. (brightsurf.com)
  • UC San Diego researchers discover new role for epidermal growth factor receptor in blood stem cell development, a crucial key to being able to generate them in the laboratory, and circumvent the need for bone marrow donation. (brightsurf.com)
  • Here we demonstrate the critical role of interleukin-17-producing marrow infiltrating lymphocytes (MILs) in OC activation and development of bone lesions in myeloma patients. (bloodjournal.org)
  • Unlike MILs from normal bone marrow, myeloma MILs possess few regulatory T cells (Tregs) and demonstrate an interleukin-17 phenotype that enhances OC activation. (bloodjournal.org)
  • Multiple myeloma results from the clonal outgrowth of malignant plasma cells and is primarily confined to the bone marrow (BM). (bloodjournal.org)
  • 9 In multiple myeloma, we have previously shown that marrow infiltrating lymphocytes (MILs) are more effectively activated and expanded, possess greater antitumor activity than peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) from the same patients, and thus represent more suitable T cells for adoptive immunotherapy in this disease. (bloodjournal.org)
  • Identification of cDC1- and cDC2-committed DC progenitors reveals early lineage priming at the common DC progenitor stage in the bone marrow. (stanford.edu)
  • cDCs arise from a cascade of bone marrow (BM) DC-committed progenitor cells that include the common DC progenitors (CDPs) and pre-DCs, which exit the BM and seed peripheral tissues before differentiating locally into mature cDCs. (stanford.edu)
  • Panosteitis is characterized histologically by an increase in activity of osteoblasts and fibroblasts in the periosteum , endosteum and bone marrow , resulting in fibrosis and the formation of connective tissue in the medullary cavity of the affected bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drug-resistant immune cells protect patients from graft-versus-host disease after bone marrow transplant. (the-scientist.com)
  • We hypothesized that CD31 could serve as a comprehensive epitope to encircle various subsets of hemangioblastic cells in adult bone marrow (BM). (ahajournals.org)
  • e, f) ENPP1and ANK mRNA expression in bone marrow adherent cells from control(n = 6) and NF1 pseudarthrosis (PA, n= 9) biopsies. (nih.gov)
  • To address if and how Nf1 regulates bone mineralization, wefirst asked whether Nf1 ablation in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs)affects extracellular PPi concentrations. (nih.gov)
  • The present invention relates to proteins associated with human bone marrow cell membranes for adhering hematopoietic cells to human bone marrow cell membranes. (google.com)
  • The present invention relates to bone marrow cell adhesion molecules and a method for detecting adherence between cell adhesion molecules and cells. (google.com)
  • The research findings suggest that the gene defect and the subsequent DNA damage was the underlying cause of bone marrow failure among the study participants. (healthcanal.com)
  • Patients were recruited from all over the world to join an international bone marrow failure registry and researchers used new DNA sequencing technologies to study cases of bone marrow failure with similar clinical features. (healthcanal.com)
  • These included bone marrow failure associated with neurological abnormalities (learning defects and developmental delay), and patients whose parents were first cousins. (healthcanal.com)
  • Professor Inderjeet Dokal, Chair of Paediatrics and Child Health at Queen Mary University of London, comments: "New DNA sequencing technology has enabled us to identify and define a new gene defect which causes a particular type of bone marrow failure. (healthcanal.com)
  • Clinicians treating patients with bone marrow failure should now include analysis for this gene in their investigation. (healthcanal.com)
  • Now we know this research technique works, we plan to carry out further studies to shed more light on the genetic basis of many other cases of bone marrow failure. (healthcanal.com)
  • and core binding factor leukemia, a rare blood and bone marrow cancer. (nih.gov)
  • She received the 2006 PhD Excellence Award of the Belgian Society for Cell and Developmental Biology, the 2011 Annual Lecture Award of the Belgian Endocrine Society, and the 2013 ECTS Iain T Boyle Award. (ectsoc.org)
  • We are interested in the mechanisms underlying bone formation in development, adult homeostasis and fracture healing, but also in the significance of osteogenic cell biology in the broader physiological context of the organism, including hematopoiesis and global energy metabolism. (ectsoc.org)
  • This project combines paleontology and developmental biology to study bird evolution from avian dinosaurs to extant birds. (clemson.edu)
  • Further research on developmental biology-related unique features of jaw bone structures will help to elucidate pathologies restricted to maxillofacial tissue. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • These include problems that can occur at or before birth, such as genetic abnormalities and developmental defects, as well as diseases such as osteoporosis and Paget's disease of bone that damage the skeleton later in life. (nih.gov)
  • Skeletal defects include kyphosis, scoliosis, crooked tails and curvature and overgrowth of long bones and vertebrae. (nih.gov)
  • Common indications for transplantation of bone are nonunion of a fracture, a bone cyst , arthrodesis, and structural defects in cancellous bone caused by compression fracture-for example, the heel bone. (britannica.com)
  • Orthopaedic birth defects include a wide range of conditions affecting a baby's bones and muscles, tendons and ligaments that connect them. (childrensnational.org)
  • Orthopaedic birth defects happen when bone and muscle tissue develops abnormally in babies during fetal development. (childrensnational.org)
  • Defects in bone mineralization can result in reduced or excessive bone mineralization, which can lead to serious clinical manifestations, including bone deformities and fractures. (frontiersin.org)
  • Gaucher disease iPSC-derived osteoblasts have developmental and lysosomal defects that impair bone matrix deposition. (semanticscholar.org)
  • An imbalanced level of minerals in the diet, particularly of trace minerals such as copper, zinc, and magnesium, is a common dietary cause of bone defects. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Advances in Pathobiology and Management of Paget's Disease of Bone presents an essential collection of up-to-date knowledge about the pathophysiology, genetics, and treatment of Paget's disease. (schweitzer-online.de)
  • It covers the comprehensive information related to clinical perspectives, epidemiology, genetics, environmental factors such as viral etiology, molecular abnormalities, complications such as osteosarcoma, and current and future treatment for Paget's disease. (schweitzer-online.de)
  • The study, published in The American Journal of Human Genetics, detected and identified a new disease gene ( ERCC6L2 ). (healthcanal.com)
  • Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiple abnormalities occur in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia , in which affected bone is replaced by fibrous connective-tissue matrix. (britannica.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to 1) evaluate the effectiveness of the Plastizote abduction brace compared to the Pavlik harness in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and 2) compare parent/caregiver satisfaction between the Plastizote abduction brace and the Pavlik harness. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We report the identification of disease-causing mutations in a rare, severe, skeletal dysplasia, studying a family of two healthy unrelated parents and two affected children using whole-exome sequencing. (nih.gov)
  • Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH), or Trevor disease, is a rare developmental disorder affecting the epiphyses in young children . (medscape.com)
  • It is most commonly a sequela of osteogenesis imperfecta, Pagets disease, osteomyelitis, tumour and tumour-like conditions (e.g. fibrous dysplasia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica or Trevor's Disease: A Case Report" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General. (nih.gov)
  • This bone loss can be minimized and osteoporosis prevented through adequate nutrition, physical activity, and, if necessary, appropriate treatment. (nih.gov)
  • There are a wide variety of diseases and certain medications and toxic agents that can cause or contribute to the development of osteoporosis. (nih.gov)
  • If recognized as a potential threat, this form of the disease-known as secondary osteoporosis-can often be prevented through proper nutrition and physical activity, along with appropriate therapy if needed. (nih.gov)
  • As pointed out in Chapter 2 , osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone structure that causes bone fragility and increases the risk of fracture. (nih.gov)
  • For practical purposes, the World Health Organization has defined osteoporosis as a bone mineral density ( BMD ) value more than 2.5 standard deviations below the mean for normal young White women. (nih.gov)
  • Osteoporosis is a common disease affecting millions of Americans. (nih.gov)
  • Generalized osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease, affecting most of the skeleton. (nih.gov)
  • Osteoporosis can also occur in localized parts of the skeleton as a result of injury or conditions that reduce muscle forces on the bone, such as limb paralysis. (nih.gov)
  • Bone loss caused by specific diseases or medications (see below) is referred to as "secondary osteoporosis. (nih.gov)
  • And the bone density test typically overestimates the risk for osteoporosis in women who have short stature. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Although factors such as body weight, build and gender are currently much more predictive of osteoporosis than any of the genetic variants identified in the study, the research identified many pathways involved in bone health. (healthcanal.com)
  • This work has established LRP5 as a major target for drug development to treat osteoporosis and other bone diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS' developed nanomaterial, which will be able to restore the internal structure of bones damaged due to osteoporosis and osteomyelitis. (brightsurf.com)
  • Cystic fibrosis-related bone disease occurs in 20-35% of adults with CF, in which patients present with low bone density and osteoporosis. (frontiersin.org)
  • The first observations suggesting the existence of the bone-vascular axis were the frequent associations of osteoporosis and atherosclerotic vascular calcifications observed in postmenopausal women ( 5 - 7 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • Bone measurement in the differential diagnosis of osteopenia and osteoporosis. (springer.com)
  • They are also at increased risk for heart disease and osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of the bones). (nih.gov)
  • Decreased bone mass and structural deterioration may lead to the silent disease of osteoporosis. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The best method of osteoporosis prevention is to maximize peak bone mass during development. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Paget's disease of bone is a progressive, often crippling disorder of bone remodeling that commonly involves the spine, pelvis, legs, or skull (although any bone can be affected). (nih.gov)
  • Vascular calcification is an active process similar to bone formation that implicates a variety of proteins involved in bone and mineral metabolism ( 1 , 2 ) and is considered part of a systemic dysfunction defined as CKD-mineral and bone disorder ( 3 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • The first report of DEH in the literature was by Mouchet and Belot in 1926, who described the condition as a tarsal bone disorder and used the French term tarsomegalie . (medscape.com)
  • Bone development, casein-free diet use, supplements, and medications were assessed for 75 boys with autism or autism spectrum disorder, ages 4-8 years. (springer.com)
  • In addition, Nolan saw that Ata, though most likely a fetus, had the bone composition of a 6-year-old, an indication that she had a rare, bone-aging disorder. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers will begin drug development projects for rare and neglected diseases that include potential treatments for a musculoskeletal disorder, a cognitive dysfunction disorder, a virus that affects the central nervous system of newborns, a parasitic worm infection, a form of muscular dystrophy and a rare lung disease. (nih.gov)
  • Those projects include potential treatments for the neurodegenerative disease Niemann-Pick type C, the neuromuscular disorder hereditary inclusion body myopathy, the blood disorder sickle cell disease, a rare blood cancer known as chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and the parasitic worm diseases schistosomiasis and hookworm. (nih.gov)
  • Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is a rare inherited disorder where muscle and connective tissue such as tendons and ligaments are gradually replaced by bone. (nih.gov)
  • However, the predictive power of the study for individuals is relatively low: Those with multiple risk-increasing variants are only about three to four times more likely than those with the fewest variants to have lower bone mineral density and experience fractures. (healthcanal.com)
  • Studies like this one correlate certain genetic spellings, or variants, with specific outcomes, such as low bone mineral density and fractures. (healthcanal.com)
  • Defective bone mineralization has serious clinical manifestations, including deformities and fractures, but the regulation of this extracellular process is not fully understood. (frontiersin.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the presence and location of subchondral bone contusions, fractures, and "kissing" lesions of the talotibial joint after a sprain of the ankle shown on MR imaging. (orthopaedicweblinks.com)
  • Bone fractures are also increased in patients with this disease. (news-medical.net)
  • Hereditary metaphyseal dysplasias, causing bone deformities near the joints, exist in several forms. (britannica.com)
  • Hemophilia , finally, is a generalized hereditary condition that affects the skeletal system only secondarily by bleeding in the bones and joints. (britannica.com)
  • BMPs aren't as familiar to clinical scientists, because only a handful of studies, conducted during the last six years, have examined the effects of BMPs on renal disease. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Subsequent appearance of several affected litters led to a thorough characterization of the clinical, pathological and genetic features of this unknown disease. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The overall goal of SBE's integrated basic, applied and clinical research plan is to advance cartilage, bone and joint regeneration. (ectsoc.org)
  • They pointed out, however, that one retinoid agonist is already being used in a current clinical trial for another disease, and it might be possible to gain access to this agent from the manufacturer for clinical trials. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Moving from a standard clinical reference Garner and Klintworth's Third Edition of Pathobiology of Ocular Disease is now modeled to be both a scientific research tool and a quick reference option for the practicing ophthalmologist, ophthalmic pathologist, optometrist and vision scientist. (routledge.com)
  • primary defect in endochondral ossification of the medial part of the femoral neck (Most common cause) Excessive interuterine pressure on the developing fetal hip vascular insult Faulty maturation of the cartilage and metaphyseal bone of the femoral neck Clinical feature: presents after the child has started walking but before six years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • We use chicken and mouse models to identify the triggering and molecular mechanism governing changing morphogenesis during normal and disease state, thereby informing therapeutic and clinical approaches. (clemson.edu)
  • The chronic lymphocytic leukemia and the sickle cell disease projects have recently received investigational new drug approval from the FDA and are in clinical trials. (nih.gov)
  • RANKL suppression substantiated the clinical finding of impaired bone remodelling in BP- and aRANKL-induced ONJ-affected bone structures. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Bone Fracture. (indigo.ca)
  • Internal fixation (osteosynthesis) of bone is aimed at restoration of continuity and stability during healing of a fracture , arthrodesis, or osteotomy ( see below ). (britannica.com)
  • Osteotomy is aimed at correction of bony or articular deformity by cutting through bone and letting the fracture heal in the desired position, usually with the aid of internal fixation. (britannica.com)
  • During this time she optimized novel transgenic mouse models for osteoblast lineage cell visualization and tracing, tools that led to new insights in the origin and behavior of osteoprogenitors and osteoblasts in bone development and fracture repair. (ectsoc.org)
  • Paget's disease of bone), post-Perthes deformity, osteomyelitis, and post traumatic (due to improper healing of a fracture between the greater and lesser trochanter). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone fracture healing and Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are examples of inflammation-driven fusion events. (clemson.edu)
  • I was astounded when I learned that there is actually a disease where a person's bones are so brittle that they can fracture or break under the slightest pressure. (goodreads.com)
  • The second mechanism will prevent the normal bone resorption, arresting the osseous breakdown process. (scielo.br)
  • Cystic fibrosis (CF)-related bone disease has emerged as a significant comorbidity of CF and is characterized by decreased bone formation and increased bone resorption. (frontiersin.org)
  • In osteoblast, Wnt signaling is impacted, resulting in consequences for both bone formation and resorption. (frontiersin.org)
  • Osteoclasts are responsible for bone resorption in normal and disease conditions. (springer.com)
  • 1 ⇓ - 3 The interaction of malignant plasma cells with the surrounding stromal microenvironment mediated by increased receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) production and reduced osteoprotegrin secretion plays a critical role in accelerating osteoclast (OC)-mediated bone resorption and destruction. (bloodjournal.org)
  • One such example was the body of work that resulted in the identification of the Low Density Lipoprotein-Related Protein (LRP5) as a key regulator of bone mass. (hindawi.com)
  • X-rays may show an increased density in the medullary cavity of the affected bones, often near the nutrient foramen (where the blood vessels enter the bone). (wikipedia.org)
  • Longitudinal population-based studies revealed a relationship between the progression of vascular calcifications and bone demineralization, and others were identified between bone mineral density (BMD) and aortic or central artery calcifications ( 6 ), or coronary arteries in type 2 diabetes ( 8 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • Short-term milk supplementation had no effect on bone growth, mineral density, or strength. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The detected effect can be explained by the known anxiolytic effect of milk, that may have exerted behavioral effects, leading to lower mandibular activity and lower bone mineral density of the mandible. (oregonstate.edu)
  • NF1 is caused by mutations in the NF1 gene, which encodes the RAS GTPase-activating protein neurofibromin.The short stature and impaired bone mineralization and strength in mice lacking Nf1 in osteochondroprogenitors or osteoblasts can be corrected by asfotase-α enzyme therapy aimed at reducing PPi concentration.These results establish neurofibromin as an essential regulator of bone mineralization. (nih.gov)
  • The short stature and impaired bone mineralization and strength in mice lacking Nf1 in osteochondroprogenitors or osteoblasts can be corrected by asfotase-α enzyme therapy aimed at reducing PPi concentration. (nih.gov)
  • Enpp1 −/− mice had increased levels of the insulin-sensitizing bone-derived hormone osteocalcin but unchanged insulin signalling within osteoblasts. (biologists.org)
  • One important difference between these publications resides in the arterial territories analyzed and the relationships of the different bone changes (bone volume, osteoblasts number, or tetracycline labeling), which do not necessarily reflect the same mechanisms. (asnjournals.org)
  • Membrane trafficking in osteoblasts and osteoclasts: new avenues for understanding and treating skeletal diseases. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Osteoblasts and osteoclasts, two major bone cells responsible for bone remodeling and homeostasis, are no exceptions. (semanticscholar.org)
  • With our studies we hope to reach an increased understanding of some of the mechanisms regulating the recruitment, spatial organization, differentiation and functioning of bone-producing osteoblasts. (ectsoc.org)
  • These malignancies can originate in the bone (primary tumors) or, much more commonly, result from the seeding of bone by tumors outside of the skeleton (metastatic tumors). (nih.gov)
  • Both types of tumors can destroy bone. (nih.gov)
  • Bone Tumors. (indigo.ca)
  • Tumors of Bone and Cartilage. (routledge.com)
  • Benign and Malignant Bone Tumors. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The diseases are lifelong conditions that can cause tumors to grow in these areas. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • In cerebral palsy unequal growth between muscle-tendon units and bone eventually leads to bone and joint deformities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The condition is associated with biochemical abnormalities, bone deformities, developmental delays, impaired growth and sometimes even seizures (in the late course of disease). (news-medical.net)
  • As a result of these diseases, patients might grow much slower than other children, or have a higher likelihood to break their bones, or suffer from specific deformities of their bones and joints that restrict movement. (chri.org)
  • When first introduced in 2005, many researchers predicted that GWAS - a way of quickly scanning whole genomes for minute differences associated with disease occurrence - would quickly identify critical mutations for many conditions. (healthcanal.com)
  • Point mutations were identified that encoded forms of LRP5 associated with very high bone mass (HBM). (hindawi.com)
  • Through additional testing in different cell systems, the researchers were able to show that these inherited mutations were responsible for the children's severe developmental problems. (brightsurf.com)
  • Bone Cells Differentiation: How CFTR Mutations May Rule the Game of Stem Cells Commitment? (frontiersin.org)
  • In this review, we summarize the existing literature on the role of CFTR mutations on the commitment of induced pluripotent stem cells to bone cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • It's an indication, he said, that looking for a single mutation, or even mutations that are already known to cause a particular disease, can discourage researchers from looking for other potential genetic causes and, in turn, potential treatments for patients. (eurekalert.org)
  • 5 ] In 2004, an independent panel of internationally recognized experts in public health, infectious diseases, and immunizations reviewed the available data on rubella epidemiology and unanimously agreed that rubella elimination (i.e., the absence of year-round endemic transmission) had been achieved in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • infectious diseases and osteoarthritis. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • Nielsen NM, Hansen AV, Simonsen J, Hviid A (2011) Prenatal stress and risk of infectious diseases in offspring. (springer.com)
  • We investigated the metabolic phenotype associated with impaired bone metabolism in mice lacking the gene that encodes NPP1 ( Enpp1 −/− mice). (biologists.org)
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by changes in mineral metabolism associated with alterations of its hormonal regulation and various forms of bone disease. (asnjournals.org)
  • 18 ) provide new evidence linking altered bone metabolism to coronary calcifications in patients with stage-5 CKD on hemodialysis. (asnjournals.org)
  • The mechanisms underlying the development of hypo- and hypermineralization of extracellular bone matrix when the plasma levels of calcium and phosphate are within the normal range are complex and not well understood. (frontiersin.org)
  • Over the course of her studies, Christa developed a strong interest in the molecular mechanisms underlying skeletal cell functions, in embryonic development as well as adult bone homeostasis, repair processes and diseases involving the skeleton. (ectsoc.org)
  • With the addition of ten new chapters, this edition focuses its attention on the causes and mechanisms of ocular disease, and is on the forefront of the latest discoveries, research methods, and the current on-going research in ocular disease. (routledge.com)
  • My research group tries to understand the mechanisms that control the normal behavior of cartilage and how these mechanisms are changed in different diseases. (chri.org)
  • radiolucent bone disease. (cdc.gov)
  • A number of childhood diseases cause rickets, a condition that results from a delay in depositing calcium phosphate mineral in growing bones. (nih.gov)
  • Calcium supplementation prevents Developmental Bone Disease in large and giant breed dogs. (petdiets.com)
  • Even a slight decrease in serum calcium concentrations that can ensue stimulates the secretion of parathyroid hormone, which in turn mobilizes calcium and phosphorus from bones in order to restore serum concentrations to the normal levels. (news-medical.net)
  • On the other hand, calcium deficiency accounts for much of the prevalent nutritional rickets in Africa, thus the disease usually presents from the second year of life (with infrequently observed hypocalcemic tetany). (news-medical.net)
  • A comprehensive description of macroscopic, microscopic, and radiological methods for the diagnosis of bone diseases. (indigo.ca)
  • [7] Diagnosis is made by pain on palpation of the long bones of the limbs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since many bone diseases are similar to each other, the final diagnosis of this disease was confirmed only after the gene discovery," explains Developmental Biologist, Adjunct professor Kirsi Sainio. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Beyond the classic Th1 and Th2 subsets of helper T cells, Th17 T cells have recently been identified as important in the response to pulmonary and colonic bacterial infections as well as key mediators of pathology in numerous autoimmune conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. (bloodjournal.org)
  • Brittle Bone Society - the Brittle Bone Society is a national charity that supports individuals and families affected by Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI). (sheffieldchildrens.nhs.uk)
  • We validated the accuracy of model predictions using known diseases of bone mineralization such as osteogenesis imperfecta and X-linked hypophosphatemia. (frontiersin.org)
  • It's a non-fictional account of one family's struggle having a child with osteogenesis imperfecta, more commonly called OI or "brittle-bone disease. (goodreads.com)
  • In advanced cases, skeletal fluorosis causes damage to bones and joints. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Heavy, large-boned dogs commonly stress the joints, traumatizing the joint structures. (gopetsamerica.com)
  • Asfotase-α improves bone growth, mineralization and strength in mouse models of neurofibromatosis type-1. (nih.gov)
  • These results establish neurofibromin as an essential regulator of bone mineralization. (nih.gov)
  • sALP-FcD10 improves trabecular bone mass, mineralization and bone structurein Osx-Nf1 KO mice(a) Size of two month-old WT and Osx-Nf1 KO micefollowing doxycycline (Doxy) treatment from conception to P14. (nih.gov)
  • The emergence of bone as an endocrine regulator has prompted a re-evaluation of the role of bone mineralization factors in the development of metabolic disease. (biologists.org)
  • Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 (NPP1) controls bone mineralization through the generation of pyrophosphate, and levels of NPP1 are elevated both in dermal fibroblast cultures and muscle of individuals with insulin resistance. (biologists.org)
  • The model successfully describes the highly nonlinear mineralization dynamics, which includes an initial lag phase when osteoid is present but no mineralization is evident, then fast primary mineralization, followed by secondary mineralization characterized by a continuous slow increase in bone mineral content. (frontiersin.org)
  • Clinically, the mineralization process can be examined in bone biopsy samples, which are typically obtained from the iliac bone. (frontiersin.org)
  • When tetracycline labeling is performed prior to biopsy, it is possible to assess the mineralization process quantitatively using bone histomorphometry ( Rauch, 2006 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Key, well-accepted histomorphometric descriptors of the mineralization process include the average thickness of the layer of unmineralized organic bone matrix (osteoid thickness) and the duration of the lag time between the deposition of organic matrix and the start of mineralization (mineralization lag time). (frontiersin.org)
  • Functions of Rho family of small GTPases and Rho-associated coiled-coil kinases in bone cells during differentiation and mineralization. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Rickets is a disease of growing bones where defective mineralization occurs in both bone and cartilage of epiphyseal growth plate. (news-medical.net)
  • The primary defect lies in the growth zone of the long bones. (britannica.com)
  • Idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) lesions are reported in pelvis, long bones, maxilla and mandible mainly as asymptomatic, non-expansible, radiopaque or mixed images diagnosed at any age. (scielo.br)
  • As one of the many long bones within the appendicular skeleton, the humerus develops via endochondral ossification. (nih.gov)
  • Ank,Enpp1 and Opn mRNA expression in long bones, calvariaeand epiphyses of 3 week-old WT (blue bars) and Col2-Nf1 KO mice(grey bars)(n = 6). (nih.gov)
  • Diseases resulting in abnormal GROWTH or abnormal MORPHOGENESIS of BONES. (ucdenver.edu)
  • Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (Fgfr3) is a tyrosine kinase receptor expressed in developing bone, cochlea, brain and spinal cord. (nih.gov)
  • Epiphysiodesis (the fixing of the epiphysis to the bone shaft) is aimed at temporary or permanent cessation of growth in a metaphyseal cartilage. (britannica.com)
  • Proper nutrition during the earliest stages of life is critical to support healthy growth and development during childhood and help promote health and prevent chronic disease through adulthood. (usda.gov)
  • When mineral deficiency occurs at the growth plate, growth slows and bone age is retarded. (news-medical.net)
  • Impaired growth and bone pain or tenderness in arms, legs, pelvis and spine are commonly observed signs and symptoms of rickets. (news-medical.net)
  • Getting either too much or too little of certain vitamins, particularly vitamins A and D, can influence bone growth and development. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • The best way to improve the growth of a child with kidney disease is to manage their health complications. (kidneyfund.org)
  • Complications from kidney disease can affect the normal growth of a child's brain. (kidneyfund.org)
  • To help prevent bone disease, a doctor might suggest certain foods to eat, medications or growth hormones. (kidneyfund.org)
  • Bone health and SATB2-associated syndrome. (ucdenver.edu)
  • Turner syndrome is characterized by the common features of short stature, developmental immaturity, webbing of the skin on the neck, and cubitus valgus, where the arms turn out slightly at the elbows. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The disease is caused by the same gene (GUSB) that causes type VII mucopolysaccharidosis in humans (MPS VII or Sly syndrome) and the symptoms of the affected Brazilian Terriers resemble closely the human disease. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The fourth edition has now been revised and further expanded to include problems with newer classes of drugs and systemic diseases. (abebooks.com)
  • Thus, bone is impacted negatively not only by local and systemic inflammatory mediators, but also directly, by alterations affecting myelopoiesis and lineage allocations. (springer.com)
  • In addition, a high systemic arterial calcification score combined with bone histomorphometry suggestive of low bone activity was observed in hemodialysis patients ( 13 , 14 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • 13 , 14 ), who found an association between systemic arterial calcifications (aorta and the main peripheral arteries) and indexes of low bone turnover, but not trabecular volume. (asnjournals.org)
  • Systemic Diseases Manifested in the Jaws -- 26. (princeton.edu)
  • The defect of CFTR chloride channel or the loss of CFTR's ability to interact with other proteins affect several signaling pathways involved in stem cell differentiation and the commitment of these cells toward bone lineages. (frontiersin.org)
  • Nf1 ablation also prevents bone morphogenic protein-2-induced osteoprogenitor differentiation and, consequently, expression of alkaline phosphatase and PPi breakdown, further contributing to PPi accumulation. (nih.gov)
  • An altered prenatal immune development can result in a high postnatal risk for infections, chronic immune diseases, and autoimmunity. (springer.com)
  • Many of these immune diseases show a strong sex bias, such as a high incidence of autoimmune diseases and allergies in adult females or a high risk for infections in males. (springer.com)
  • Succinct and well-structured therapeutic recommendations are provided for an array of bone diseases, making this a practice-oriented reference work for pathologists, radiologists, rheumatologists, and orthopedists. (indigo.ca)
  • Our data suggest that KCP could have the potential to be a therapeutic agent for fibrotic renal disease in humans. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Considering the role of Th17 cells in autoimmune diseases and their recent implication in the bone destruction observed in rheumatoid arthritis, 16 we sought to determine whether MILs from myeloma patients produced IL-17 and whether this T-cell population contributed to the osteolytic bone disease in multiple myeloma. (bloodjournal.org)
  • Bone Inflammation. (indigo.ca)
  • In this review, we discuss the role of inflammasomes in bone diseases caused by sterile or non-sterile inflammation. (springer.com)
  • Bone in particular is vulnerable to inflammatory assaults because its integrity depends on the activity of osteoclasts, which arise from myeloid precursors. (springer.com)
  • Acidic microenvironment and bone pain in cancer-colonized bone. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Contribution of acidic extracellular microenvironment of cancer-colonized bone to bone pain. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Care4BrittleBones - aims to improve the quality of life for people with Brittle Bone Disease by enabling more medical research. (sheffieldchildrens.nhs.uk)
  • Named KCP, for kielin/chordin-like protein, the new protein is the first of its kind found to directly enhance signals from bone morphogenetic proteins or BMPs, which are vital to the normal development and healthy functioning of the kidney. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Developmental biologists like Dressler have been studying bone morphogenetic proteins for decades, because they are so important to the regulation of embryonic development in mammals. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Bone morphogenetic proteins have a definite developmental function. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Many, but not all, of the regions encode proteins involved in pathways known to involve bone health. (healthcanal.com)
  • While not discounting the potential importance of serotonin-based therapies, this paper primarily focuses on the development of agents that potentially target LRP5, and the related proteins LRP6 and LRP4, in the bone itself. (hindawi.com)
  • Masahiro Iwamoto, D.D.S., Ph.D., and Maurizio Pacifici, Ph.D., developmental biologists in the Division of Orthopaedic Surgery at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and colleagues used retinoid agonists, a class of agents related to vitamin A, in mice that were genetically engineered to model HO in the current study. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Bones and Bone Tissue. (indigo.ca)
  • If the bone cells of the transplant survive, they can continue to form bone and can stimulate adjacent tissue to form bone. (britannica.com)
  • Without survival, the transplant may function as a scaffold for invasion by tissue from adjacent bone, guided by the microstructure of the dead transplant. (britannica.com)
  • Gross injury to nerves, vessels, and soft tissues and primary tumours of bone or other connective tissue usually affect relatively young individuals. (britannica.com)
  • Multiple adult tissues are maintained by stem cells of restricted developmental potential which can only form a subset of lineages within the tissue. (stanford.edu)
  • We propose that a single expandable embryonic lung progenitor population with broader developmental competence may eventually be used as an alternative for region-restricted adult tissue stem cells in regenerative medicine. (stanford.edu)
  • c) Femoral Bone Volume/Tissue Volume (BV/TV) in WT andOsx-Nf1 KO mice and rescue by sALP-FcD10 administration(μCT). (nih.gov)
  • Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a painful and often debilitating abnormal buildup of bone tissue which consists of ectopic bone formation within soft tissues after surgery or trauma. (emaxhealth.com)
  • It can also occur when the bone tissue in the neck of the femur is softer than normal, causing it to bend under the weight of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • While dialysis and transplantation have extended the life-expectancy of these patients, it may not prevent further progression of bone disease. (nih.gov)
  • In two different models of mice with renal injuries, we found that KCP activity was required to slow the progression of kidney disease," Dressler says. (rxpgnews.com)
  • R esearch that seeks to identify biomarkers , including novel imaging techniques, capable of measuring and predicting early FOP disease progression and/or treatment response or research that investigates and further elucidates the immunologic mechanism in FOP are eligible for application to the Million Dollar Bike Ride Program . (ifopa.org)
  • Runx2 is required for early stages of endochondral bone formation but delays final stages of bone repair in Axin2-deficient mice. (umassmed.edu)
  • Bone Diseases, Developmental" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (ucdenver.edu)
  • In univariate analyses of factors mediating bone destruction, levels of cytokines that selectively induce and maintain the Th17 phenotype tightly correlated with the extent of bone disease in myeloma. (bloodjournal.org)
  • These findings demonstrate that interleukin-17 T cells are critical to the genesis of myeloma bone disease and that immunologic manipulations shifting MILs from a Th17 to a Th1 phenotype may profoundly diminish lytic bone lesions in multiple myeloma. (bloodjournal.org)
  • We report here that ablation of Nf1 in bone-forming cells leads to supraphysiologic accumulation of pyrophosphate (PPi), a strong inhibitor of hydroxyapatite formation, and that a chronic extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-dependent increase in expression of genes promoting PPi synthesis and extracellular transport, namely Enpp1 and Ank, causes this phenotype. (nih.gov)
  • The specific malformative phenotype consists of a complete amputation of the distal epiphysis of the humerus, amputation of the tibial diaphysis and aplasia of the radius, ulna, fibula and of all the bones of the hands and feet. (malacards.org)
  • My research focuses on the regulation of cartilage and bone homeostasis in development and in disease, particularly osteoarthritis. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Bostanci N, Emingil G, Saygan B, Turkoglu O, Atilla G, Curtis MA, Belibasakis GN (2009) Expression and regulation of the NALP3 inflammasome complex in periodontal diseases. (springer.com)
  • Role and regulation of vascularization processes in endochondral bones. (ectsoc.org)
  • In other situations, diseases of the ligaments or tendons may cause secondary bone troubles. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Already horse owners can use this information to adapt training and nutrition regimens to help prevent or reduce the development of disease. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • BMP7, in particular, plays an essential role in kidney disease and development. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Another group of reagents under development is based on the observation that LRP5 may function to control bone mass by regulating the secretion of serotonin from the enterrochromaffin cells of the duodenum. (hindawi.com)
  • This paper will discuss the development of two groups of agents designed to activate LRP5 (and the related LRP6) signaling pathway to increase bone mass. (hindawi.com)
  • Modern experimental medicine represents a rapidly growing body of knowledge involving the determination of diseases processes and the development of appropriate therapies. (ubc.ca)
  • 001). Our data suggest that the bone development of autistic boys should be monitored as part of routine care, especially if they are on casein-free diets. (springer.com)
  • Graduated as Bio-engineer in Cell- and Gene Technology at the KU Leuven in 1998, she next prepared a PhD dissertation at the Faculty of Medicine on the role of angiogenic factors of the VEGF family in bone development and repair, under the supervision of Geert Carmeliet and Roger Bouillon. (ectsoc.org)
  • Osteoblast recruitment to sites of bone formation in skeletal development, homeostasis, and regeneration. (ectsoc.org)
  • Individuals with this condition are born with complete amputation of the distal humeral epiphysis (end of the upper arm bone) and tibial diaphysis (mid-section of the shin bone), and aplasia (lack of development) of the radius , ulna , fibula , and of all the bones of the hands and feet. (malacards.org)
  • However, little evidence exists regarding milk's direct effect on bone development and strength. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Congress created the TRND program to facilitate the development of new drugs for rare and neglected diseases. (nih.gov)
  • After rigorous scientific review, the new projects were selected to maximize the chance of success and to teach us important generalizable lessons about rare and neglected disease drug development. (nih.gov)
  • The compound under development has shown efficacy in a mouse disease model. (nih.gov)
  • As a result of this procedure, mice develop a condition called interstitial fibrosis or scarring, which is commonly seen in chronic renal disease in humans. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Thousands of genes can be analysed at once in one experiment, making them a powerful tool for finding new therapies and treatments for diseases. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • These projects reinforce NIH's commitment to translational research and the need to accelerate potential new treatments that benefit patients with rare and neglected diseases," said NIH Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D. "It is wonderful that TRND scientists and their collaborators can advance such promising projects that may have otherwise remained stalled due to a lack of scientific or fiscal resources. (nih.gov)