An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
Tomography using radioactive emissions from injected RADIONUCLIDES and computer ALGORITHMS to reconstruct an image.
Unstable isotopes of fluorine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. F atoms with atomic weights 17, 18, and 20-22 are radioactive fluorine isotopes.
The use of combination of imaging techniques or platforms (e.g., MRI SCAN and PET SCAN) encompassing aspects of anatomical, functional, or molecular imaging methods.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Combination or superimposition of two images for demonstrating differences between them (e.g., radiograph with contrast vs. one without, radionuclide images using different radionuclides, radiograph vs. radionuclide image) and in the preparation of audiovisual materials (e.g., offsetting identical images, coloring of vessels in angiograms).
Unstable isotopes of oxygen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. O atoms with atomic weights 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20 are radioactive oxygen isotopes.
Unstable isotopes of copper that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cu atoms with atomic weights 58-62, 64, and 66-68 are radioactive copper isotopes.
Radioactive substances added in minute amounts to the reacting elements or compounds in a chemical process and traced through the process by appropriate detection methods, e.g., Geiger counter. Compounds containing tracers are often said to be tagged or labeled. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The study of the chemical and physical phenomena of radioactive substances.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Unstable isotopes of nitrogen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. N atoms with atomic weights 12, 13, 16, 17, and 18 are radioactive nitrogen isotopes.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
A beta-hydroxylated derivative of phenylalanine. The D-form of dihydroxyphenylalanine has less physiologic activity than the L-form and is commonly used experimentally to determine whether the pharmacological effects of LEVODOPA are stereospecific.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Unstable isotopes of gallium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ga atoms with atomic weights 63-68, 70 and 72-76 are radioactive gallium isotopes.
Measurement of radioactivity in the entire human body.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Nucleosides that have two hydroxy groups removed from the sugar moiety. The majority of these compounds have broad-spectrum antiretroviral activity due to their action as antimetabolites. The nucleosides are phosphorylated intracellularly to their 5'-triphosphates and act as chain-terminating inhibitors of viral reverse transcription.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
A specialty field of radiology concerned with diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative use of radioactive compounds in a pharmaceutical form.
2-Deoxy-D-arabino-hexose. An antimetabolite of glucose with antiviral activity.
A substituted benzamide that has antipsychotic properties. It is a dopamine D2 receptor (see RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE D2) antagonist.
Unstable isotopes of rubidium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Rb atoms with atomic weights 79-84, and 86-95 are radioactive rubidium isotopes.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
Thiosemicarbazones are organic compounds resulting from the condensation of thiosemicarbazide with a carbonyl group, characterized by the presence of a -NH-CS-NH-CO- functional structure and widely used in chelation therapy due to their ability to form stable complexes with various metal ions.
Techniques for labeling a substance with a stable or radioactive isotope. It is not used for articles involving labeled substances unless the methods of labeling are substantively discussed. Tracers that may be labeled include chemical substances, cells, or microorganisms.
Lutetium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Lu, atomic number 71, and atomic weight 175.
A rare metal element with a blue-gray appearance and atomic symbol Ge, atomic number 32, and atomic weight 72.63.
Volume of biological fluid completely cleared of drug metabolites as measured in unit time. Elimination occurs as a result of metabolic processes in the kidney, liver, saliva, sweat, intestine, heart, brain, or other site.
A class of organic compounds containing a ring structure made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The ring structure can be aromatic or nonaromatic.
A class of compounds of the type R-M, where a C atom is joined directly to any other element except H, C, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, or At. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Electronic instruments that produce photographs or cathode-ray tube images of the gamma-ray emissions from organs containing radionuclide tracers.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A nitroimidazole that sensitizes normally radio-resistant hypoxic cells to radiation. It may also be directly cytotoxic to hypoxic cells and has been proposed as an antineoplastic.
Isotopes that exhibit radioactivity and undergo radioactive decay. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Unstable isotopes of bromine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Br atoms with atomic weights 74-78, 80, and 82-90 are radioactive bromine isotopes.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; FLUORESCENCE IMAGING; and MICROSCOPY.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.

Molecular identification and epidemiological tracing of Pasteurella multocida meningitis in a baby. (1/67)

We report a case of Pasteurella multocida meningitis in a 1-month-old baby exposed to close contact with two dogs and a cat but without any known history of injury by these animals. 16S rRNA gene sequencing of the isolate from the baby allowed identification at the subspecies level and pointed to the cat as a possible source of infection. Molecular typing of Pasteurella isolates from the animals, from the baby, and from unrelated animals clearly confirmed that the cat harbored the same P. multocida subsp. septica strain on its tonsils as the one isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of the baby. This case stresses the necessity of informing susceptible hosts at risk of contracting zoonotic agents about some basic hygiene rules when keeping pets. In addition, this study illustrates the usefulness of molecular methods for identification and epidemiological tracing of Pasteurella isolates.  (+info)

Two cases of tinea corporis by infection from a rabbit with Arthroderma benhamiae. (2/67)

The first cases of tinea corporis with Arthroderma benhamiae in Japan are reported. A 7-year-old girl and a 30-year-old mother in Shimane prefecture suffered from dermatophyte infections on the neck, shoulder, arms and leg. Three isolates from the two patients and a rabbit by which they supposedly were infected, were identified as Trichophyton mentagrophytes. On the bases of mating tests using the tester strains of both the African race and the Americano-European race of A. benhamiae, they were identified as A. benhamiae African race mating type (-). Our results are the first to indicate that both races of A. benhamiae exist in Japan.  (+info)

The use of seizure-alert dogs. (3/67)

We report our experience of training dogs to assist people with epilepsy by providing a useful warning of seizures. An unexpected finding has been that human subjects report an improvement in seizure rate. This may be related to increased confidence and activity levels. We have observed some hazards associated with untrained dogs, which raises questions about future experimental design. We plan further research to test our method and assess outcomes more formally. Recent changes in UK quarantine law provide an opportunity for further international collaboration.  (+info)

Development of the human-research animal bond and its impact on animal well-being. (4/67)

For millennia, relationships have developed between animals and people through the context of work, sport, companionship, or some combination of these activities. Often, a bond between animal and human results, which is based on affection and/or respect. In the research environment, it is not uncommon for a bond to develop between the investigator, veterinarian, and/or animal care technicians and the animals with which they work; and such a bond can be just as strong for a mouse as it is for a dog. Circumstances that foster the formation of these bonds include the close and frequent contact between the researchers and their animals during studies or during training of animals to particular tasks, the long periods of time many research animals live in the facilities (often years), the dependency of the animals on the animal care staff for their daily needs, and the veterinarian/patient relationship, which is not unlike that of private practitioners and client-owned animals. In addition, overlaying the fundamental relationship with the research animal are special bonds that can form with certain animals. Among those that engender a special attachment are animals that are particularly friendly, amusing, or intelligent; animals requiring extra supportive care; animals that show courage; animals that represent a milestone in a particular scientific advancement; and animals that reflect humans' own strengths and foibles. The development of these relationships is enriching to both personnel and animals inasmuch as people who care about their animals are committed to promoting and ensuring the well-being of those animals.  (+info)

Human-animal bonds in the laboratory: how animal behavior affects the perspectives of caregivers. (5/67)

Experiencing the human-animal bond in the laboratory context can potentially improve the quality of life of animals as well as increase job satisfaction for animal caregivers. With today s centralized facilities, caregivers generally focus entirely on providing routine care for animals without involvement in experimental procedures. Results of responses to a detailed and open-ended survey of 16 caregivers and five campus veterinarians at seven University of California campuses are presented, in addition to six interviews of additional caregivers and veterinarians. The survey revealed that these individuals became caregivers because of their attraction to the animals. Positive interactions with the animals were highly rewarding. Approximately half of the caregivers reported feeling less attracted to mice than other species. Job satisfaction could perhaps be increased by offering seminars for the research team that would include the caregivers and providing support related to animal deaths and euthanasia.  (+info)

Ethical aspects of relationships between humans and research animals. (6/67)

People who work in biomedical and behavioral research settings sometimes form strong relationships with individual laboratory animals. Ethnographic studies indicate that it is common for these individuals to transform some animals from experimental subject to pet. Although theories of ethics that emphasize impartiality and justice have little to say about the moral implications of human-research animal bonds, caring-based ethical systems acknowledge the moral consequences and resulting psychological burdens of these relationships. Typically, albeit not always, animal care staff are more likely than researchers to experience the moral ambivalence associated with human-laboratory animal bonds. These bonds can result in conflict between technicians and investigators. Several ways that research institutions can help individuals cope with the ethical consequences of relationships with research animals include supporting the development of human-animal relationships in laboratories, giving animal care personnel an ethical voice through involvement in the institutional animal care and use committee decision process, publicly acknowledging the emotional and moral costs of human-laboratory animal relationships, and educating animal care staff about the purpose and possible benefits of research projects.  (+info)

Ethical implications of the human-animal bond in the laboratory. (7/67)

This analysis of the moral implications of a human-animal bond in a research setting begins by describing a set of criteria that delineate the human-animal bond in general and form the foundation on which moral issues rest. Questions about if, when, and how such bonds are formed are discussed briefly; the discussion focuses on how the concept of a human-animal bond fits into standard moral theories. The conclusion is that impartial theories such as utilitarianism and deontological theories must be supplemented with an ethics of caring and that the moral duties engendered by the human-animal bond are best identified with such a supplemented theory.  (+info)

An additional "R": remembering the animals. (8/67)

Relationships inevitably develop between humans and animals, regardless of the function or use of the animal partners. The need to recognize the existence of these human-animal bonds, as well as acknowledge the use of the animals, is widespread. Religious memorial services for animals in certain areas of the world provide an historical basis for such acknowledgment activities. The diversity of sacred and secular approaches to memorializing or acknowledging animals is illustrated by representative examples of such events. The need to establish such events, particularly in academic and research settings, is emphasized. The pros and cons of developing and establishing acknowledgment activities in addition to the benefits of implementing such events are discussed.  (+info)

Positron-Emission Tomography (PET) is a type of nuclear medicine imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material, called a radiotracer, to produce detailed, three-dimensional images. This technique measures metabolic activity within the body, such as sugar metabolism, to help distinguish between healthy and diseased tissue, identify cancerous cells, or examine the function of organs.

During a PET scan, the patient is injected with a radiotracer, typically a sugar-based compound labeled with a positron-emitting radioisotope, such as fluorine-18 (^18^F). The radiotracer accumulates in cells that are metabolically active, like cancer cells. As the radiotracer decays, it emits positrons, which then collide with electrons in nearby tissue, producing gamma rays. A special camera, called a PET scanner, detects these gamma rays and uses this information to create detailed images of the body's internal structures and processes.

PET is often used in conjunction with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to provide both functional and anatomical information, allowing for more accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. Common applications include detecting cancer recurrence, staging and monitoring cancer, evaluating heart function, and assessing brain function in conditions like dementia and epilepsy.

Radiopharmaceuticals are defined as pharmaceutical preparations that contain radioactive isotopes and are used for diagnosis or therapy in nuclear medicine. These compounds are designed to interact specifically with certain biological targets, such as cells, tissues, or organs, and emit radiation that can be detected and measured to provide diagnostic information or used to destroy abnormal cells or tissue in therapeutic applications.

The radioactive isotopes used in radiopharmaceuticals have carefully controlled half-lives, which determine how long they remain radioactive and how long the pharmaceutical preparation remains effective. The choice of radioisotope depends on the intended use of the radiopharmaceutical, as well as factors such as its energy, range of emission, and chemical properties.

Radiopharmaceuticals are used in a wide range of medical applications, including imaging, cancer therapy, and treatment of other diseases and conditions. Examples of radiopharmaceuticals include technetium-99m for imaging the heart, lungs, and bones; iodine-131 for treating thyroid cancer; and samarium-153 for palliative treatment of bone metastases.

The use of radiopharmaceuticals requires specialized training and expertise in nuclear medicine, as well as strict adherence to safety protocols to minimize radiation exposure to patients and healthcare workers.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pets" is not a medical term. In general, a pet is a domesticated animal, usually kept for companionship or pleasure. They are not typically associated with medical definitions or terminology. If you have any questions related to veterinary medicine or the care of pets as it relates to human health, I'd be happy to try and help answer those!

Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 (FDG-18) is not a medical condition, but a radiopharmaceutical used in medical imaging. It is a type of glucose (a simple sugar) that has been chemically combined with a small amount of a radioactive isotope called fluorine-18.

FDG-18 is used in positron emission tomography (PET) scans to help identify areas of the body where cells are using more energy than normal, such as cancerous tumors. The FDG-18 is injected into the patient's vein and travels throughout the body. Because cancer cells often use more glucose than normal cells, they tend to absorb more FDG-18.

Once inside the body, the FDG-18 emits positrons, which interact with electrons in nearby tissue, producing gamma rays that can be detected by a PET scanner. The resulting images can help doctors locate and assess the size and activity of cancerous tumors, as well as monitor the effectiveness of treatment.

Emission computed tomography (ECT) is a type of tomographic imaging technique in which an emission signal from within the body is detected to create cross-sectional images of that signal's distribution. In Emission-Computed Tomography (ECT), a radionuclide is introduced into the body, usually through injection, inhalation or ingestion. The radionuclide emits gamma rays that are then detected by external gamma cameras.

The data collected from these cameras is then used to create cross-sectional images of the distribution of the radiopharmaceutical within the body. This allows for the identification and quantification of functional information about specific organs or systems within the body, such as blood flow, metabolic activity, or receptor density.

One common type of Emission-Computed Tomography is Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT), which uses a single gamma camera that rotates around the patient to collect data from multiple angles. Another type is Positron Emission Tomography (PET), which uses positron-emitting radionuclides and detects the coincident gamma rays emitted by the annihilation of positrons and electrons.

Overall, ECT is a valuable tool in medical imaging for diagnosing and monitoring various diseases, including cancer, heart disease, and neurological disorders.

Fluorine radioisotopes are radioactive isotopes or variants of the chemical element Fluorine (F, atomic number 9). These radioisotopes have an unstable nucleus that emits radiation in the form of alpha particles, beta particles, or gamma rays. Examples of Fluorine radioisotopes include Fluorine-18 and Fluorine-19.

Fluorine-18 is a positron-emitting radionuclide with a half-life of approximately 110 minutes, making it useful for medical imaging techniques such as Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans. It is commonly used in the production of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), a radiopharmaceutical that can be used to detect cancer and other metabolic disorders.

Fluorine-19, on the other hand, is a stable isotope of Fluorine and does not emit radiation. However, it can be enriched and used as a non-radioactive tracer in medical research and diagnostic applications.

Multimodal imaging is a medical term that refers to the combination of two or more imaging techniques to obtain complementary information about the structure, function, and/or physiology of tissues, organs, or organ systems. This approach allows for a more comprehensive assessment of normal and abnormal processes in the body than can be achieved with any single imaging modality alone.

Commonly used imaging modalities in multimodal imaging include computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), ultrasound, and optical imaging techniques. Each modality provides unique information that can be integrated to improve diagnostic accuracy, guide treatment planning, and monitor response to therapy.

For example, a patient with a suspected brain tumor may undergo both MRI and PET scans. The MRI provides detailed anatomical information about the size, shape, and location of the tumor, while the PET scan shows metabolic activity within the tumor, which can help distinguish between benign and malignant lesions.

Multimodal imaging is also used in research settings to study various physiological processes, such as blood flow, oxygenation, and neurotransmission, in both health and disease.

X-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a medical imaging method that uses computer-processed combinations of many X-ray images taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of the body. These cross-sectional images can then be used to display detailed internal views of organs, bones, and soft tissues in the body.

The term "computed tomography" is used instead of "CT scan" or "CAT scan" because the machines take a series of X-ray measurements from different angles around the body and then use a computer to process these data to create detailed images of internal structures within the body.

CT scanning is a noninvasive, painless medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. CT imaging provides detailed information about many types of tissue including lung, bone, soft tissue and blood vessels. CT examinations can be performed on every part of the body for a variety of reasons including diagnosis, surgical planning, and monitoring of therapeutic responses.

In computed tomography (CT), an X-ray source and detector rotate around the patient, measuring the X-ray attenuation at many different angles. A computer uses this data to construct a cross-sectional image by the process of reconstruction. This technique is called "tomography". The term "computed" refers to the use of a computer to reconstruct the images.

CT has become an important tool in medical imaging and diagnosis, allowing radiologists and other physicians to view detailed internal images of the body. It can help identify many different medical conditions including cancer, heart disease, lung nodules, liver tumors, and internal injuries from trauma. CT is also commonly used for guiding biopsies and other minimally invasive procedures.

In summary, X-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is a medical imaging technique that uses computer-processed combinations of many X-ray images taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional images of the body. It provides detailed internal views of organs, bones, and soft tissues in the body, allowing physicians to diagnose and treat medical conditions.

The "subtraction technique" is not a widely recognized or established term in medical terminology. It may refer to various methods used in different medical contexts that involve subtracting or comparing measurements, values, or observations to diagnose, monitor, or treat medical conditions. However, without more specific context, it's difficult to provide an accurate medical definition of the term.

In radiology, for example, the subtraction technique is a method used in imaging to enhance the visibility of certain structures by digitally subtracting one image from another. This technique is often used in angiography to visualize blood vessels more clearly.

Therefore, it's essential to provide more context or specify the medical field when using the term "subtraction technique" to ensure accurate communication and understanding.

Oxygen radioisotopes are unstable isotopes of the element oxygen that emit radiation as they decay to a more stable form. These isotopes can be used in medical imaging and treatment, such as positron emission tomography (PET) scans. Common oxygen radioisotopes used in medicine include oxygen-15 and oxygen-18. Oxygen-15 has a very short half-life of about 2 minutes, while oxygen-18 has a longer half-life of about 2 hours. These isotopes can be incorporated into molecules such as water or carbon dioxide, which can then be used to study blood flow, metabolism and other physiological processes in the body.

Copper radioisotopes are radioactive isotopes or variants of the chemical element copper. These isotopes have an unstable nucleus and emit radiation as they decay over time. Copper has several radioisotopes, including copper-64, copper-67, and copper-60, among others. These radioisotopes are used in various medical applications such as diagnostic imaging, therapy, and research. For example, copper-64 is used in positron emission tomography (PET) scans to help diagnose diseases like cancer, while copper-67 is used in targeted radionuclide therapy for cancer treatment. The use of radioisotopes in medicine requires careful handling and regulation due to their radiation hazards.

Radioactive tracers are radioisotopes or radiolabeled compounds that are introduced into a biological system, such as the human body, in very small amounts to allow tracking or monitoring of specific physiological processes or locations. The radiation emitted by the tracer can be detected and measured, providing information about the distribution, metabolism, or binding of the compound within the body. This technique is widely used in medical imaging and research for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Examples of radioactive tracers include technetium-99m for bone scans, fluorine-18 for positron emission tomography (PET) scans, and iodine-131 for thyroid studies.

Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures used to describe the performance of a diagnostic test or screening tool in identifying true positive and true negative results.

* Sensitivity refers to the proportion of people who have a particular condition (true positives) who are correctly identified by the test. It is also known as the "true positive rate" or "recall." A highly sensitive test will identify most or all of the people with the condition, but may also produce more false positives.
* Specificity refers to the proportion of people who do not have a particular condition (true negatives) who are correctly identified by the test. It is also known as the "true negative rate." A highly specific test will identify most or all of the people without the condition, but may also produce more false negatives.

In medical testing, both sensitivity and specificity are important considerations when evaluating a diagnostic test. High sensitivity is desirable for screening tests that aim to identify as many cases of a condition as possible, while high specificity is desirable for confirmatory tests that aim to rule out the condition in people who do not have it.

It's worth noting that sensitivity and specificity are often influenced by factors such as the prevalence of the condition in the population being tested, the threshold used to define a positive result, and the reliability and validity of the test itself. Therefore, it's important to consider these factors when interpreting the results of a diagnostic test.

Radiochemistry is not strictly a medical definition, but it is a term that is used in the field of nuclear medicine. Radiochemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with the use of radioisotopes (radioactive isotopes) in chemical reactions. In nuclear medicine, radiochemists prepare and purify radioactive drugs (radiopharmaceuticals) for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. These radiopharmaceuticals are used in various medical imaging techniques, such as positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), to diagnose and monitor diseases, or in targeted therapies to treat cancer. Radiochemistry requires a deep understanding of chemistry, radiochemistry, and radiation safety.

Computer-assisted image processing is a medical term that refers to the use of computer systems and specialized software to improve, analyze, and interpret medical images obtained through various imaging techniques such as X-ray, CT (computed tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), ultrasound, and others.

The process typically involves several steps, including image acquisition, enhancement, segmentation, restoration, and analysis. Image processing algorithms can be used to enhance the quality of medical images by adjusting contrast, brightness, and sharpness, as well as removing noise and artifacts that may interfere with accurate diagnosis. Segmentation techniques can be used to isolate specific regions or structures of interest within an image, allowing for more detailed analysis.

Computer-assisted image processing has numerous applications in medical imaging, including detection and characterization of lesions, tumors, and other abnormalities; assessment of organ function and morphology; and guidance of interventional procedures such as biopsies and surgeries. By automating and standardizing image analysis tasks, computer-assisted image processing can help to improve diagnostic accuracy, efficiency, and consistency, while reducing the potential for human error.

Reproducibility of results in a medical context refers to the ability to obtain consistent and comparable findings when a particular experiment or study is repeated, either by the same researcher or by different researchers, following the same experimental protocol. It is an essential principle in scientific research that helps to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings.

In medical research, reproducibility of results is crucial for establishing the effectiveness and safety of new treatments, interventions, or diagnostic tools. It involves conducting well-designed studies with adequate sample sizes, appropriate statistical analyses, and transparent reporting of methods and findings to allow other researchers to replicate the study and confirm or refute the results.

The lack of reproducibility in medical research has become a significant concern in recent years, as several high-profile studies have failed to produce consistent findings when replicated by other researchers. This has led to increased scrutiny of research practices and a call for greater transparency, rigor, and standardization in the conduct and reporting of medical research.

Nitrogen radioisotopes are unstable isotopes of the element nitrogen that emit radiation as they decay into more stable forms. Nitrogen has several radioisotopes, with the most common being nitrogen-13 and nitrogen-15. These isotopes have 7 protons in their nucleus, but differ in the number of neutrons.

Nitrogen-13 has a half-life of about 10 minutes, making it useful for medical imaging studies such as positron emission tomography (PET) scans. When nitrogen-13 decays, it emits a positron, which then collides with an electron and produces gamma rays that can be detected by a PET scanner.

Nitrogen-15, on the other hand, has a half-life of about 3 minutes and is not typically used for medical imaging. However, it is widely used in research settings as a stable isotope tracer to study metabolic processes in the body.

It's important to note that handling and using radioisotopes requires specialized training and equipment due to their potential radiation hazards.

Computer-assisted image interpretation is the use of computer algorithms and software to assist healthcare professionals in analyzing and interpreting medical images. These systems use various techniques such as pattern recognition, machine learning, and artificial intelligence to help identify and highlight abnormalities or patterns within imaging data, such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI, and ultrasound images. The goal is to increase the accuracy, consistency, and efficiency of image interpretation, while also reducing the potential for human error. It's important to note that these systems are intended to assist healthcare professionals in their decision making process and not to replace them.

Dihydroxyphenylalanine is not a medical term per se, but it is a chemical compound that is often referred to in the context of biochemistry and neuroscience. It is also known as levodopa or L-DOPA for short.

L-DOPA is a precursor to dopamine, a neurotransmitter that plays a critical role in regulating movement, emotion, and cognition. In the brain, L-DOPA is converted into dopamine through the action of an enzyme called tyrosine hydroxylase.

L-DOPA is used medically to treat Parkinson's disease, a neurological disorder characterized by motor symptoms such as tremors, rigidity, and bradykinesia (slowness of movement). In Parkinson's disease, the dopamine-producing neurons in the brain gradually degenerate, leading to a deficiency of dopamine. By providing L-DOPA as a replacement therapy, doctors can help alleviate some of the symptoms of the disease.

It is important to note that L-DOPA has potential side effects and risks, including nausea, dizziness, and behavioral changes. Long-term use of L-DOPA can also lead to motor complications such as dyskinesias (involuntary movements) and fluctuations in response to the medication. Therefore, it is typically used in combination with other medications and under the close supervision of a healthcare provider.

In the field of medical imaging, "phantoms" refer to physical objects that are specially designed and used for calibration, quality control, and evaluation of imaging systems. These phantoms contain materials with known properties, such as attenuation coefficients or spatial resolution, which allow for standardized measurement and comparison of imaging parameters across different machines and settings.

Imaging phantoms can take various forms depending on the modality of imaging. For example, in computed tomography (CT), a common type of phantom is the "water-equivalent phantom," which contains materials with similar X-ray attenuation properties as water. This allows for consistent measurement of CT dose and image quality. In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), phantoms may contain materials with specific relaxation times or magnetic susceptibilities, enabling assessment of signal-to-noise ratio, spatial resolution, and other imaging parameters.

By using these standardized objects, healthcare professionals can ensure the accuracy, consistency, and reliability of medical images, ultimately contributing to improved patient care and safety.

Domestic animals, also known as domestic animals or pets, are species that have been tamed and kept by humans for various purposes. These purposes can include companionship, work, protection, or food production. Some common examples of domestic animals include dogs, cats, cows, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, and chickens.

Domestic animals are distinguished from wild animals in that they are dependent on humans for their survival and are able to live in close proximity to people. They have often been selectively bred over generations to possess certain traits or characteristics that make them more suitable for their intended uses. For example, dogs may be bred for their size, strength, agility, or temperament, while cats may be bred for their coat patterns or behaviors.

It is important to note that the term "domestic animal" does not necessarily mean that an animal is tame or safe to handle. Some domestic animals, such as certain breeds of dogs, can be aggressive or dangerous if not properly trained and managed. It is always important to approach and handle any animal, domestic or wild, with caution and respect.

The brain is the central organ of the nervous system, responsible for receiving and processing sensory information, regulating vital functions, and controlling behavior, movement, and cognition. It is divided into several distinct regions, each with specific functions:

1. Cerebrum: The largest part of the brain, responsible for higher cognitive functions such as thinking, learning, memory, language, and perception. It is divided into two hemispheres, each controlling the opposite side of the body.
2. Cerebellum: Located at the back of the brain, it is responsible for coordinating muscle movements, maintaining balance, and fine-tuning motor skills.
3. Brainstem: Connects the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord, controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. It also serves as a relay center for sensory information and motor commands between the brain and the rest of the body.
4. Diencephalon: A region that includes the thalamus (a major sensory relay station) and hypothalamus (regulates hormones, temperature, hunger, thirst, and sleep).
5. Limbic system: A group of structures involved in emotional processing, memory formation, and motivation, including the hippocampus, amygdala, and cingulate gyrus.

The brain is composed of billions of interconnected neurons that communicate through electrical and chemical signals. It is protected by the skull and surrounded by three layers of membranes called meninges, as well as cerebrospinal fluid that provides cushioning and nutrients.

Gallium radioisotopes refer to specific types of gallium atoms that have unstable nuclei and emit radiation as they decay towards a more stable state. These isotopes are commonly used in medical imaging, such as in gallium scans, to help diagnose conditions like inflammation, infection, or cancer.

Gallium-67 (^67^Ga) is one of the most commonly used radioisotopes for medical purposes. It has a half-life of about 3.26 days and decays by emitting gamma rays. When administered to a patient, gallium-67 binds to transferrin, a protein that carries iron in the blood, and is taken up by cells with increased metabolic activity, such as cancer cells or immune cells responding to infection or inflammation. The distribution of gallium-67 in the body can then be visualized using a gamma camera, providing valuable diagnostic information.

Whole-body counting is a non-invasive nuclear medicine technique used for the detection and measurement of radioactivity in the human body. It involves the use of sensitive radiation detectors that can measure the gamma rays emitted by radionuclides present within the body tissues.

The individual lies on a table or sits in a chair with their entire body inside a large detector, which is typically a scintillation camera or a NaI(Tl) crystal. The detector measures the number and energy of gamma rays emitted from the body, allowing for the identification and quantification of specific radionuclides present within the body.

Whole-body counting has several clinical applications, including monitoring patients who have received therapeutic radioisotopes, evaluating the effectiveness of radiation therapy, detecting and measuring internal contamination due to accidental exposure or intentional intake, and assessing the distribution and retention of radionuclides in research studies.

It is important to note that whole-body counting does not provide anatomical information like other imaging techniques (e.g., CT, MRI), but rather offers functional data on the presence and quantity of radioactivity within the body.

Tissue distribution, in the context of pharmacology and toxicology, refers to the way that a drug or xenobiotic (a chemical substance found within an organism that is not naturally produced by or expected to be present within that organism) is distributed throughout the body's tissues after administration. It describes how much of the drug or xenobiotic can be found in various tissues and organs, and is influenced by factors such as blood flow, lipid solubility, protein binding, and the permeability of cell membranes. Understanding tissue distribution is important for predicting the potential effects of a drug or toxin on different parts of the body, and for designing drugs with improved safety and efficacy profiles.

Medical Definition:

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive diagnostic imaging technique that uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed cross-sectional or three-dimensional images of the internal structures of the body. The patient lies within a large, cylindrical magnet, and the scanner detects changes in the direction of the magnetic field caused by protons in the body. These changes are then converted into detailed images that help medical professionals to diagnose and monitor various medical conditions, such as tumors, injuries, or diseases affecting the brain, spinal cord, heart, blood vessels, joints, and other internal organs. MRI does not use radiation like computed tomography (CT) scans.

Image enhancement in the medical context refers to the process of improving the quality and clarity of medical images, such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound images, to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. Image enhancement techniques may include adjusting contrast, brightness, or sharpness; removing noise or artifacts; or applying specialized algorithms to highlight specific features or structures within the image.

The goal of image enhancement is to provide clinicians with more accurate and detailed information about a patient's anatomy or physiology, which can help inform medical decision-making and improve patient outcomes.

Dideoxynucleosides are a type of modified nucleoside used in the treatment of certain viral infections, such as HIV and HBV. These compounds lack a hydroxyl group (-OH) at the 3'-carbon position of the sugar moiety, which prevents them from being further metabolized into DNA.

When incorporated into a growing DNA chain during reverse transcription, dideoxynucleosides act as chain terminators, inhibiting viral replication. Common examples of dideoxynucleosides include zidovudine (AZT), didanosine (ddI), stavudine (d4T), and lamivudine (3TC). These drugs are often used in combination with other antiretroviral agents to form highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens for the treatment of HIV infection.

An artifact, in the context of medical terminology, refers to something that is created or introduced during a scientific procedure or examination that does not naturally occur in the patient or specimen being studied. Artifacts can take many forms and can be caused by various factors, including contamination, damage, degradation, or interference from equipment or external sources.

In medical imaging, for example, an artifact might appear as a distortion or anomaly on an X-ray, MRI, or CT scan that is not actually present in the patient's body. This can be caused by factors such as patient movement during the scan, metal implants or other foreign objects in the body, or issues with the imaging equipment itself.

Similarly, in laboratory testing, an artifact might refer to a substance or characteristic that is introduced into a sample during collection, storage, or analysis that can interfere with accurate results. This could include things like contamination from other samples, degradation of the sample over time, or interference from chemicals used in the testing process.

In general, artifacts are considered to be sources of error or uncertainty in medical research and diagnosis, and it is important to identify and account for them in order to ensure accurate and reliable results.

Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material, called radiopharmaceuticals, to diagnose and treat various diseases. The radiopharmaceuticals are taken internally, usually through injection or oral administration, and accumulate in specific organs or tissues. A special camera then detects the radiation emitted by these substances, which helps create detailed images of the body's internal structures and functions.

The images produced in nuclear medicine can help doctors identify abnormalities such as tumors, fractures, infection, or inflammation. Additionally, some radiopharmaceuticals can be used to treat certain conditions, like hyperthyroidism or cancer, by delivering targeted doses of radiation directly to the affected area. Overall, nuclear medicine provides valuable information for the diagnosis, treatment planning, and monitoring of many medical conditions.

Deoxyglucose is a glucose molecule that has had one oxygen atom removed, resulting in the absence of a hydroxyl group (-OH) at the 2' position of the carbon chain. It is used in research and medical settings as a metabolic tracer to study glucose uptake and metabolism in cells and organisms.

Deoxyglucose can be taken up by cells through glucose transporters, but it cannot be further metabolized by glycolysis or other glucose-utilizing pathways. This leads to the accumulation of deoxyglucose within the cell, which can interfere with normal cellular processes and cause toxicity in high concentrations.

In medical research, deoxyglucose is sometimes labeled with radioactive isotopes such as carbon-14 or fluorine-18 to create radiolabeled deoxyglucose (FDG), which can be used in positron emission tomography (PET) scans to visualize and measure glucose uptake in tissues. This technique is commonly used in cancer imaging, as tumors often have increased glucose metabolism compared to normal tissue.

Raclopride is not a medical condition but a drug that belongs to the class of dopamine receptor antagonists. It's primarily used in research and diagnostic settings as a radioligand in positron emission tomography (PET) scans to visualize and measure the distribution and availability of dopamine D2 and D3 receptors in the brain.

In simpler terms, Raclopride is a compound that can be labeled with a radioactive isotope and then introduced into the body to track the interaction between the radioligand and specific receptors (in this case, dopamine D2 and D3 receptors) in the brain. This information can help researchers and clinicians better understand neurochemical processes and disorders related to dopamine dysfunction, such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and drug addiction.

It is important to note that Raclopride is not used as a therapeutic agent in clinical practice due to its short half-life and the potential for side effects associated with dopamine receptor blockade.

Rubidium radioisotopes are unstable isotopes of the element rubidium that emit radiation as they decay towards a stable state. This means that rubidium atoms with an excess of neutrons in their nuclei will emit subatomic particles (such as beta particles) and/or gamma rays to transform into a more stable form, often resulting in a different element.

Rubidium has two common radioisotopes: Rubidium-82 and Rubidium-87.

* Rubidium-82 (^82Rb) is a positron emitter with a half-life of 1.25 minutes, which is commonly used in medical imaging for myocardial perfusion studies to assess blood flow to the heart muscle. It is produced by the decay of Strontium-82 (^82Sr), typically via a generator system in the hospital's radiopharmacy.
* Rubidium-87 (^87Rb) has a half-life of 48.8 billion years, which is much longer than the age of the universe. It occurs naturally and decays into Strontium-87 (^87Sr) through beta decay. This process can be used for geological dating purposes in rocks and minerals.

It's important to note that radioisotopes, including rubidium isotopes, should only be handled by trained professionals in controlled environments due to their radiation hazards.

Emission-Computed Tomography, Single-Photon (SPECT) is a type of nuclear medicine imaging procedure that generates detailed, three-dimensional images of the distribution of radioactive pharmaceuticals within the body. It uses gamma rays emitted by a radiopharmaceutical that is introduced into the patient's body, and a specialized gamma camera to detect these gamma rays and create tomographic images. The data obtained from the SPECT imaging can be used to diagnose various medical conditions, evaluate organ function, and guide treatment decisions. It is commonly used to image the heart, brain, and bones, among other organs and systems.

Thiosemicarbazones are a class of organic compounds that contain the functional group R-NH-CS-N=CNR', where R and R' are organic radicals. These compounds have been widely studied due to their various biological activities, including antiviral, antibacterial, and anticancer properties. They can form complexes with metal ions, which can also exhibit interesting biological activity. Thiosemicarbazones have the ability to act as chelating agents, forming stable coordination compounds with many metal ions. This property has been exploited in the development of new drugs and diagnostic agents.

Isotope labeling is a scientific technique used in the field of medicine, particularly in molecular biology, chemistry, and pharmacology. It involves replacing one or more atoms in a molecule with a radioactive or stable isotope of the same element. This modified molecule can then be traced and analyzed to study its structure, function, metabolism, or interaction with other molecules within biological systems.

Radioisotope labeling uses unstable radioactive isotopes that emit radiation, allowing for detection and quantification of the labeled molecule using various imaging techniques, such as positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). This approach is particularly useful in tracking the distribution and metabolism of drugs, hormones, or other biomolecules in living organisms.

Stable isotope labeling, on the other hand, employs non-radioactive isotopes that do not emit radiation. These isotopes have different atomic masses compared to their natural counterparts and can be detected using mass spectrometry. Stable isotope labeling is often used in metabolic studies, protein turnover analysis, or for identifying the origin of specific molecules within complex biological samples.

In summary, isotope labeling is a versatile tool in medical research that enables researchers to investigate various aspects of molecular behavior and interactions within biological systems.

Lutetium is a chemical element with the symbol Lu and atomic number 71. It is a rare earth metal that belongs to the lanthanide series. In its pure form, lutetium is a silvery-white metal that is solid at room temperature.

Medically, lutetium is used in the form of radioactive isotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. For example, lutetium-177 (^177Lu) is a radiopharmaceutical agent that can be used to treat certain types of cancer, such as neuroendocrine tumors. The radioactivity of ^177Lu can be harnessed to destroy cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy tissue.

It's important to note that the use of lutetium in medical treatments should only be performed under the supervision of trained medical professionals, and with appropriate safety measures in place to protect patients and healthcare workers from radiation exposure.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Germanium" is not a medical term. It is a chemical element with the symbol Ge and atomic number 32. Germanium is a lustrous, hard, grayish-white metalloid in the carbon group, chemically similar to its neighbor silicon.

It's primarily used in the electronics industry for semiconductors and fiber optic systems due to its properties as a semiconductor. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help with those!

Metabolic clearance rate is a term used in pharmacology to describe the volume of blood or plasma from which a drug is completely removed per unit time by metabolic processes. It is a measure of the body's ability to eliminate a particular substance and is usually expressed in units of volume (e.g., milliliters or liters) per time (e.g., minutes, hours, or days).

The metabolic clearance rate can be calculated by dividing the total amount of drug eliminated by the plasma concentration of the drug and the time over which it was eliminated. It provides important information about the pharmacokinetics of a drug, including its rate of elimination and the potential for drug-drug interactions that may affect metabolism.

It is worth noting that there are different types of clearance rates, such as renal clearance rate (which refers to the removal of a drug by the kidneys) or hepatic clearance rate (which refers to the removal of a drug by the liver). Metabolic clearance rate specifically refers to the elimination of a drug through metabolic processes, which can occur in various organs throughout the body.

Heterocyclic compounds are organic molecules that contain a ring structure made up of at least one atom that is not carbon, known as a heteroatom. These heteroatoms can include nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, or other elements. In the case of "1-ring" heterocyclic compounds, the molecule contains a single ring structure composed of these heteroatoms and carbon atoms. Examples of 1-ring heterocyclic compounds include pyridine (contains one nitrogen atom in the ring), furan (contains one oxygen atom in the ring), and thiophene (contains one sulfur atom in the ring). These compounds play important roles in various biological processes and are also found in many drugs, dyes, and materials.

Organometallic compounds are a type of chemical compound that contain at least one metal-carbon bond. This means that the metal is directly attached to carbon atom(s) from an organic molecule. These compounds can be synthesized through various methods, and they have found widespread use in industrial and medicinal applications, including catalysis, polymerization, and pharmaceuticals.

It's worth noting that while organometallic compounds contain metal-carbon bonds, not all compounds with metal-carbon bonds are considered organometallic. For example, in classical inorganic chemistry, simple salts of metal carbonyls (M(CO)n) are not typically classified as organometallic, but rather as metal carbonyl complexes. The distinction between these classes of compounds can sometimes be subtle and is a matter of ongoing debate among chemists.

A gamma camera, also known as a scintillation camera, is a device used in nuclear medicine to image gamma-emitting radionuclides in the body. It detects gamma radiation emitted by radioisotopes that have been introduced into the body, usually through injection or ingestion. The camera consists of a large flat crystal (often sodium iodide) that scintillates when struck by gamma rays, producing light flashes that are detected by an array of photomultiplier tubes.

The resulting signals are then processed by a computer to generate images that reflect the distribution and concentration of the radionuclide in the body. Gamma cameras are used in a variety of medical imaging procedures, including bone scans, lung scans, heart scans (such as myocardial perfusion imaging), and brain scans. They can help diagnose conditions such as cancer, heart disease, and neurological disorders.

Neoplasm staging is a systematic process used in medicine to describe the extent of spread of a cancer, including the size and location of the original (primary) tumor and whether it has metastasized (spread) to other parts of the body. The most widely accepted system for this purpose is the TNM classification system developed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC).

In this system, T stands for tumor, and it describes the size and extent of the primary tumor. N stands for nodes, and it indicates whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. M stands for metastasis, and it shows whether the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.

Each letter is followed by a number that provides more details about the extent of the disease. For example, a T1N0M0 cancer means that the primary tumor is small and has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites. The higher the numbers, the more advanced the cancer.

Staging helps doctors determine the most appropriate treatment for each patient and estimate the patient's prognosis. It is an essential tool for communication among members of the healthcare team and for comparing outcomes of treatments in clinical trials.

Neoplasms are abnormal growths of cells or tissues in the body that serve no physiological function. They can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign neoplasms are typically slow growing and do not spread to other parts of the body, while malignant neoplasms are aggressive, invasive, and can metastasize to distant sites.

Neoplasms occur when there is a dysregulation in the normal process of cell division and differentiation, leading to uncontrolled growth and accumulation of cells. This can result from genetic mutations or other factors such as viral infections, environmental exposures, or hormonal imbalances.

Neoplasms can develop in any organ or tissue of the body and can cause various symptoms depending on their size, location, and type. Treatment options for neoplasms include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, among others.

Misonidazole is defined as a radiosensitizer drug, which is primarily used in the field of radiation oncology. It works by making cancer cells more sensitive to radiation therapy, thereby increasing the effectiveness of the treatment. Misonidazole is an nitroimidazole compound that gets reduced under hypoxic conditions (when there is a lack of oxygen) and forms free radicals, which can damage DNA and kill the cells.

It's important to note that misonidazole is not commonly used in current clinical practice due to its narrow therapeutic index and significant side effects, such as neurotoxicity. Other nitroimidazole radiosensitizers, such as nimorazole, have been developed and are more widely used because they have a lower risk of neurotoxicity.

Radioisotopes, also known as radioactive isotopes or radionuclides, are variants of chemical elements that have unstable nuclei and emit radiation in the form of alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, or conversion electrons. These isotopes are formed when an element's nucleus undergoes natural or artificial radioactive decay.

Radioisotopes can be produced through various processes, including nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, and particle bombardment in a cyclotron or other types of particle accelerators. They have a wide range of applications in medicine, industry, agriculture, research, and energy production. In the medical field, radioisotopes are used for diagnostic imaging, radiation therapy, and in the labeling of molecules for research purposes.

It is important to note that handling and using radioisotopes requires proper training, safety measures, and regulatory compliance due to their ionizing radiation properties, which can pose potential health risks if not handled correctly.

Bromine radioisotopes are unstable forms of the element bromine that emit radiation as they decay into more stable forms. These isotopes can be used in various medical applications, such as diagnostic imaging and cancer treatment. Some commonly used bromine radioisotopes include Bromine-75, Bromine-76, and Bromine-77.

Bromine-75 is a positron-emitting radionuclide that can be used in positron emission tomography (PET) scans to image and diagnose various diseases, including cancer. It has a half-life of about 97 minutes.

Bromine-76 is also a positron-emitting radionuclide with a longer half-life of approximately 16.2 hours. It can be used in PET imaging to study the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of drugs, as well as for tumor imaging.

Bromine-77 is a gamma-emitting radionuclide with a half-life of about 57 hours. It can be used in various medical applications, such as in the labeling of antibodies and other biomolecules for diagnostic purposes.

It's important to note that handling and using radioisotopes require specialized training and equipment due to their potential radiation hazards.

A feasibility study is a preliminary investigation or analysis conducted to determine the viability of a proposed project, program, or product. In the medical field, feasibility studies are often conducted before implementing new treatments, procedures, equipment, or facilities. These studies help to assess the practicality and effectiveness of the proposed intervention, as well as its potential benefits and risks.

Feasibility studies in healthcare typically involve several steps:

1. Problem identification: Clearly define the problem that the proposed project, program, or product aims to address.
2. Objectives setting: Establish specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) objectives for the study.
3. Literature review: Conduct a thorough review of existing research and best practices related to the proposed intervention.
4. Methodology development: Design a methodology for data collection and analysis that will help answer the research questions and achieve the study's objectives.
5. Resource assessment: Evaluate the availability and adequacy of resources, including personnel, time, and finances, required to carry out the proposed intervention.
6. Risk assessment: Identify potential risks and challenges associated with the implementation of the proposed intervention and develop strategies to mitigate them.
7. Cost-benefit analysis: Estimate the costs and benefits of the proposed intervention, including direct and indirect costs, as well as short-term and long-term benefits.
8. Stakeholder engagement: Engage relevant stakeholders, such as patients, healthcare providers, administrators, and policymakers, to gather their input and support for the proposed intervention.
9. Decision-making: Based on the findings of the feasibility study, make an informed decision about whether or not to proceed with the proposed project, program, or product.

Feasibility studies are essential in healthcare as they help ensure that resources are allocated efficiently and effectively, and that interventions are evidence-based, safe, and beneficial for patients.

Lung neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors in the lung tissue. These tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Malignant lung neoplasms are further classified into two main types: small cell lung carcinoma and non-small cell lung carcinoma. Lung neoplasms can cause symptoms such as cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, and weight loss. They are often caused by smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke, but can also occur due to genetic factors, radiation exposure, and other environmental carcinogens. Early detection and treatment of lung neoplasms is crucial for improving outcomes and survival rates.

Cerebrovascular circulation refers to the network of blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood and nutrients to the brain tissue, and remove waste products. It includes the internal carotid arteries, vertebral arteries, circle of Willis, and the intracranial arteries that branch off from them.

The internal carotid arteries and vertebral arteries merge to form the circle of Willis, a polygonal network of vessels located at the base of the brain. The anterior cerebral artery, middle cerebral artery, posterior cerebral artery, and communicating arteries are the major vessels that branch off from the circle of Willis and supply blood to different regions of the brain.

Interruptions or abnormalities in the cerebrovascular circulation can lead to various neurological conditions such as stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), and vascular dementia.

Molecular imaging is a type of medical imaging that provides detailed pictures of what is happening at the molecular and cellular level in the body. It involves the use of specialized imaging devices and radiopharmaceuticals (radiotracers) to visualize and measure biological processes, such as gene expression, protein expression, or metabolic activity, within cells and tissues. This information can be used to detect disease at its earliest stages, monitor response to therapy, and guide the development of new treatments.

Molecular imaging techniques include positron emission tomography (PET), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT). These techniques differ in their ability to provide functional, anatomical, or molecular information about the body.

Overall, molecular imaging is a powerful tool for non-invasively visualizing and understanding biological processes at the molecular level, which can lead to improved diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient outcomes.

An algorithm is not a medical term, but rather a concept from computer science and mathematics. In the context of medicine, algorithms are often used to describe step-by-step procedures for diagnosing or managing medical conditions. These procedures typically involve a series of rules or decision points that help healthcare professionals make informed decisions about patient care.

For example, an algorithm for diagnosing a particular type of heart disease might involve taking a patient's medical history, performing a physical exam, ordering certain diagnostic tests, and interpreting the results in a specific way. By following this algorithm, healthcare professionals can ensure that they are using a consistent and evidence-based approach to making a diagnosis.

Algorithms can also be used to guide treatment decisions. For instance, an algorithm for managing diabetes might involve setting target blood sugar levels, recommending certain medications or lifestyle changes based on the patient's individual needs, and monitoring the patient's response to treatment over time.

Overall, algorithms are valuable tools in medicine because they help standardize clinical decision-making and ensure that patients receive high-quality care based on the latest scientific evidence.

Retrospective studies, also known as retrospective research or looking back studies, are a type of observational study that examines data from the past to draw conclusions about possible causal relationships between risk factors and outcomes. In these studies, researchers analyze existing records, medical charts, or previously collected data to test a hypothesis or answer a specific research question.

Retrospective studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying trends, but they have limitations compared to prospective studies, which follow participants forward in time from exposure to outcome. Retrospective studies are subject to biases such as recall bias, selection bias, and information bias, which can affect the validity of the results. Therefore, retrospective studies should be interpreted with caution and used primarily to generate hypotheses for further testing in prospective studies.

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... and tension were all found to correlate inversely with human-pet bonding. In some cases, despite its benefits, the human-animal ... Of all human bonds, the maternal bond (mother-infant relationship) is one of the strongest. The maternal bond begins to develop ... The human-animal bond can occur between people and domestic or wild animals; be it a cat as a pet or birds outside one's window ... the idea is that the human-animal bond can provide health benefits to humans as the animals "appeal to fundamental human needs ...
Pet adoption Human-animal bonding P.A.W.S. "What We Do". Pets for Vets. Retrieved 15 November 2011. "Pets for Vets, Inc. Form ... Pets for Vets website About Us Archived 2010-05-13 at the Wayback Machine and How You Can Help. Retrieved May 21, 2010. Pets ... Caring for a pet encourages responsibility and adherence to a daily schedule. Pets for Vets developed a program focusing on ... Pets can help alleviate stress, loneliness and anxiety. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says pets can decrease a ...
Web Staff (4 June 2017). "Celebration of human-animal bonds at annual Shinto pet blessing". KHON2. Retrieved 19 November 2017. ...
Web Staff (4 June 2017). "Celebration of human-animal bonds at annual Shinto pet blessing". KHON2. Retrieved 19 November 2017 ... Blessing of animals can be either of the animal or of the human-animal relationship, and can apply to pets and other companion ... Veterinary chaplains minister in regard to the spirituality associated with animals and the human-animal bond and ... Animal Companions, Consumption Experiences, and the Marketing of Pets: Transcending Boundaries in the Animal-Human Distinction ...
Pet humanization Choupette Human bonding Human-animal hybrid Speciesism Anthrozoology Zoophilia Naithani, Sadhana (2014). ... there have been numerous reports from around the world of humans marrying their pets and other animals. Human-animal marriage ... In 2005, an American man ordained with the Universal Life Church married humans and their pets. A British woman who married her ... Human-animal marriage is a marriage certificate an animal and a human. This topic has appeared in mythology and magical fiction ...
It has minimal interaction with humans, and does not bond with them. Therefore, the Asiatic soft-shelled turtle would not make ... a suitable pet and subsequently has not been domesticated. Amyda cartilaginea does not have very good eye sight. Given its ... Since selling for human consumption is one of biggest markets these turtles are sold in, the laws put in place have made only a ... Non-natural predators of adult Asiatic soft-shells and their eggs are humans. Although the most obvious threats to Amyda ...
Walsh F (December 2009). "Human-animal bonds II: the role of pets in family systems and family therapy". Family Process. 48 (4 ... Animal cognition Animal consciousness Care farming Classroom pet Emotional support animal Human-canine bond Service animal ... Increased recognition of the value of human-pet bonding was noted by Dr. Boris M. Levinson in 1961. Levinson accidentally used ... The positive effect has been linked to the human-animal bond. In a variety of settings, such as prisons, nursing homes, and ...
ISBN 978-0-306-47739-3. Dresser, Norine (2005). "The horse bar mitzvah: a celebratory exploration of the human-animal bond". In ... eds.). Companion Animals and Us: Exploring the Relationships Between People and Pets. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN ... Lieberman, Philip (1998). Eve spoke: human language and human evolution. W.W. Norton & Co. pp. 38-39. ISBN 978-0-393-04089-0. ... Much like a human child, she underwent a regular routine with chores, outdoor play, and rides in the family car. Upon seeing a ...
... contains a lipase enzyme that is able to cleave ester bonds in PET plastic. Sugiyama J, Sugiyama Y, ... It is a rare cause of human fungaemia infections. The yeast is a source of important industrial enzymes. Immobilized ... and cutinase from Humicola insolens act synergistically for PET hydrolysis to terephthalic acid". Process Biochemistry. 59: 84- ...
... and responsible pet ownership in order to enhance the human-animal bond. The Newmans themselves have rescued and cared for five ...
The Supreme Court of Pakistan also accepted HRCP's petition whereby bonded haris can seek relief under this act. Rule of law. ... 2016 Pakistan portal Amnesty International Human Rights Campaign Human rights in Pakistan Human Rights Watch Ministry of Human ... Bonded labor. The Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act 1992 was drafted by HRCP and moved in Parliament by one of its board ... National Human Rights Commission. While revisiting the draft law on the establishment of the National Human Rights Commission, ...
She is affiliated with the Centre for the Human Animal Bond at Purdue University of Veterinary Medicine. In 2016, she is ... which is trying to combat pet overpopulation in Alberta by neutering and spaying household pets to stop them from breeding. ... Varnhagen researches, teaches and writes about the human animal bond, its history and effect on society through the ages. ... "Low-income Edmontonians get veterinarian support to keep pets" Sarah Kraus Global News, February 12, 2016 "3M National Teaching ...
Intelligent and independent but may bond with a wizard or witch and can be a good pet. Also known to be able to detect ... Sphinx - An Egyptian creature that has the head of a human and the body of a lion. The Sphinxes are capable of human speech and ... A werewolf transforms from the human state only at the full moon, but an Animagus is a human who has learned to transform into ... Just like Chiron, Firenze had a soft spot for humans unlike the other centaurs who did not want to do anything with humans. ...
Social bonding is observed in many interspecies interactions such as those between humans and their household pets, humans and ... fundamental to interactions between humans and their non-human companions such as play exhibited in human-canine bonding. Human ... Dog-cat relationship Human-canine bond A Moose for Jessica Symbiosis Pet humanization Innis Dagg, Anne (2011). Animal ... For example, interspecies friendships are often observed in humans with their domesticated pets and in pets that live in the ...
The Therapeutic Bond. Routledge. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-315-80440-8. Beck, Alan M.; Katcher, Aaron Honori (1996). Between Pets and ... International Journal of Aging and Human Development. Baywood Publishing Co. VOl. 12, No.2, pp. 119-127. doi:10.2190/W4LL-P7PJ- ... His work on pets in psychiatry contributed to dogs and other pets becoming commonplace in settings such as nursing homes. ... led early research into pet therapy, which contributed to dogs and other pets becoming commonplace in settings such as nursing ...
He also coined the term "pet therapy" on his second article about the human-animal bond in 1964. He continued to write more ... Levinson's first article about the human-animal bond cemented the way to later research and ideas in this field. ... Levinson, Boris M (1972). Pets and human development. Springfield, Ill.: Thomas. ISBN 978-0-398-02358-4. OCLC 538775.[page ... Levinson, Boris M. (1965-12-01). "Pet Psychotherapy: Use of Household Pets in the Treatment of Behavior Disorder in Childhood ...
When pets are humanized, they become integral members of the family and the bond between humans and pets becomes stronger. As a ... While pets do form emotional bonds with humans, attributing overly complex human emotions to animals can be ethically ... Anthrozoologists study the emotional bond between humans and their pets, exploring how this bond is formed and the benefits it ... Pet owners who humanize their pets are often willing to invest more in their pets' nutrition and well-being. Some human food ...
Some people choose goats as a pet because of their ability to form close bonds with their human guardians. Goats are social ... proving that a human-animal bond does exist. This is the same affinity that was proven with the London study above; goats are ... Pet goats may be found in many parts of the world when a family keeps one or more animals for emotional reasons rather than as ... Meat, fiber, and pet breeds are not usually milked and simply produce enough for the kids until weaning. Male lactation is also ...
Humans can develop social and emotional bonds with animals in their care. Pets are kept for companionship within human homes, ... Human behavior is affected by the environment in which a human lives, and environments are affected by human habitation. Humans ... Humans undergo many behaviors common to animals to support the processes of the human body. Humans eat food to obtain nutrition ... Human reproduction is closely associated with human sexuality and an instinctive desire to procreate, though humans are unique ...
Animal loss is the loss of a pet or a non-human animal to which one has become emotionally bonded. Though sometimes trivialized ... both animal and human, that show marks of having been sacrificed and have been dated to long before any records. Human ... found that tolerance to animal Euthanasia showed no correlation to tolerance for human Euthanasia or the ending of human life ( ... Common to human experience is the death of a loved one, be they friend, family, or other. While the terms are often used ...
... a human boy with great emotional sensitivity. As Ilox's bond with his Lindauzi bond-mate Phlarx grows, however, so does his ... He becomes the pet of Phlarx, a young Lindauzi noble, and the two form a deep bond - "heart to heart, mind to mind, soul to ... Once a bond of trust has been established, the Lindauzi begin building settlements and inviting humans to live with them. ... At the same time he comes by this knowledge, Ilox falls in love with another pet human, Nivere, and is caught having sex with ...
Human ingroup bonding: Oxytocin can increase positive attitudes, such as bonding, toward individuals with similar ... In a 2003 study, both humans and dog oxytocin levels in the blood rose after a five to 24 minute petting session. This possibly ... Present in animals since early stages of evolution, in humans it plays roles in behavior that include social bonding, ... Chiras DD (2012). Human Biology (7th ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 262. ISBN 978-0-7637-8345-7. Human ...
"Pet Fed - India's Biggest Pet Festival Is Back In Delhi To Celebrate Human-Animal Love! - Festival Sherpa , Online Guide to ... The aim was to make these two days memorable for pets and their parents and strengthening the bond that they shared. There were ... Pet Fed India Mydea Ventures Private Limited, website India's Biggest Pet Festival on NDTV Good Times Pet Fed on Aaj Tak Pet ... "Pet Fed". Retrieved 1 July 2017. "Pet Fed, India's first Pet Convention comes to Kolkata". ...
Humans soon begin to contract the disease. Logan quickly bonds with Jack and values her as his only friend. After getting into ... Meanwhile, a new prion disease named Psychotic Outburst Syndrome (or POS) is affecting dogs, causing friendly pets to become ...
Pet - The pet is a possession of value for the main character. It has white fur, whiskers and orange eyes. It resembles a dog, ... Quasi-Robot - The Quasi-Robot is an android, a robot that has human qualities and may even pass for a human. Quasi-Robot ... Kam - An older male from BAA who develops a committed bond with Danor. A very steady, knowledgeable, resourceful but romantic ... Young humans known as "Jang" are rigidly expected to do whatever they please, indulge in various forms of drugs, have sex (as ...
... the importance of the animal-human bond. The Center was established in 1972 as the San Dieguito Animal Care and Education ... The goal of the drive was to reduce euthanasia by encouraging families to adopt a pet rather than purchase a pet from a puppy ... In 2017, the center created the Pets Without Walls program to help the pets of homeless community members. That same year the ... In 2013, The Blue Buffalo pet food company became the Home 4 the Holidays pet food sponsor. Billing, Karen (2018-01-16). "Helen ...
She is an international speaker on dog training, behavior, and the human/animal bond. Her experience includes managing kennels ... "Why We Love Pets - Cats and Dogs". Retrieved 2013-12-03. 10: 27 AM (2012-01-19). "New breed of grandparents fawn ... Wilson began her professional career as a pet dog trainer in New York City teaching in Prospect Park.[citation needed] In the ... She is the author of eight books about subjects related to pet ownership. Sarah Wilson was born in 1960 in Wellesley, ...
If properly socialized, it is typically a gentle, intelligent bird that bonds well with humans and gets on well with well- ... It may be a more suitable pet parrot for those who lack the space in their homes for a larger macaw, although it requires daily ... Although a noisy bird that is not suitable for apartment living, the red-shouldered macaw can be an excellent pet. ... "Hahn's Macaw (Red-Shouldered Macaw): Bird Species Profile". The Spruce Pets. Retrieved 22 December 2020. "Red-shouldered Macaw ...
... which in turn is a response to the traditional problem of suffering concerning humans. Affectional bond Deathbed phenomena - A ... The pet greets its former owner in great joy while the human looks into the soft, trusting eyes of the pet, who might have been ... 69 billion pet care industry." The concept of a paradise where pets wait for their human owners appeared much earlier, in the ... According to the story, when a pet dies, it goes to the meadow, restored to perfect health and free of any injuries. The pet ...
... which can lead sales of premium pet food. ... Petfood Industry has covered research on how pet ownership ... Pet Food News. #tbt Pet-human bonds still drive premium pet food sales. Human Animal Bond Research Initiative surveys examine ... General Mills enters pet supplement space with Fera Pets acquisition. This pet product company acquisition represents General ... Antelope acquired My Perfect Pet gently-cooked dog, cat food brand. My Perfect Pet makes nutritionally balanced pet food ...
Filmmaker brings documentary about bonds that form between humans and their pets to Monmouth U. on October 21. ... and studies the deep psychological and physiological bonds that form between humans and animals. How real is grief for a dead ... Filmmaker Amy Finkel will bring her film Furever-a documentary about pet loss, attachment, and the many processes by which we ... Furever explores the dimensions of grief people experience over the loss of a pet and the sociological evolution of ...
... Pet Loss Prevention Starts with You Your dog or cat is part of the family, but may still have the urge to ... Human & Animal Bond A Brief History of Presidential Pets While President Bidens dogs, Champ and Major, have gained fame as the ... Celebrating the Human-Animal Bond The impact animals can have on people is obvious in the number of households with pets and ... Human & Animal Bond Practical Steps to Help Prevent Dog Bites As National Dog Bite Prevention Week (May 15-21) winds down, its ...
Explore and download APPAs press releases for insights and trends into the evolving pet industry and its impact on pet lovers ... the Human Animal Bond Research Institute (HABRI), Tony La Russas Animal Rescue Foundation (ARF) Pets and Vets Program, Pet ... Nonprofit Shines a Spotlight on Pets and the Power of the Human-Animal Bond. ... "The power of the human-animal bond on elevating both the physical and mental wellbeing of humans is increasingly supported by ...
... and the human-animal bond has become a household term. ... and other pets have become an integral part of our everyday ... Health and the Human-Animal Bond * For More Information * Health Benefits of Pet Ownership * For More Information ...
Photo Series Captures the Deep Bonds Between People and Their Pets "Humans of New York" has some serious four-legged ... Kim Wolf was inspired by the photo series "Humans of New York," so she decided to expand the idea to a neglected demographic: ... Wolf provides assistance to dog owners who cannot afford to take care of both their pets and themselves. So far she has ...
The Human Animal Bond Research Institute recently awarded a grant to Colorado State University for a pi... ... As the #1 natural health magazine for pets in North America, we take pride in providing our readers with the information they ...
These activities serve to promote pet ownership, the human-animal bond, and respectful approaches to engaging with animals. ... The human-animal bond and people living homeless in Animal Assisted Interventions is the eighth of the modules in Anthrozoology ... Ideas for resolving some of the problems will be discussed such as integrating the human-animal bond in community services and ... homeless people and their pets. We will discuss the meaning of pets for people, especially for homeless people and we will talk ...
Click here to read more about Human & Pet Bond - Compassion Understood. ... Human & Pet Bond How we feel about our pets Feelings about end of life Feelings of loss ... The human-pet bond is very special, and one that is recognised to bring many benefits to both people and their pets. You can ... Human & Pet Bond *Human & Pet Bond. *How we feel about our pets ... Compassion Understood pet loss programme. *Information for Vets ...
Bonded Leather Bonded leather has a genuine leather feel that is easy to care for and maintain. Composed of genuine leather ... Enjoy the smooth, bonded leather upholstery draped over this chair, as it adds a chic and cozy aura to your home. Each cushion ... Bonded Leather. Regularly vacuum upholstery using cleaning attachments to remove dust and debris. For spills and stains, use a ... Enveloped in soft bonded leather, this chic power recliner adds a stylish touch to your home. ...
Pets and people bonded during the pandemic. But owners were still stressed and lonely By McKenzie Prillaman. April 26, 2023. ... Humans Why humans have more voice control than any other primates By Asa Stahl. August 11, 2022. ... Humans Race car drivers tend to blink at the same places in each lap By Darren Incorvaia. May 19, 2023. ... Monkeys may share a key grammar-related skill with humans. A capacity for recursion evolved early in primate evolution, a ...
... and private training at the Ventura Pet Barn. She is also teaching a humans-only workshop on June 2 for dog owners of all ages ... The Working Life: Joan Mayer Breeds Strong Canine-Human Bonds Behavior coach teaches skills and techniques to ensure happy ... Home » Homes & Lifestyle » The Working Life: Joan Mayer Breeds Strong Canine-Human Bonds ... "I hope people will start to view dog training as fun and rewarding time they get to spend with their pet versus a chore used to ...
Find the best volunteer opportunities from THE HUMAN-ANIMAL BOND TRUST at VolunteerMatch. ... Pet Loss Support Group facilitated by compassionate, licensed therapists. The Pet Loss Support Group is a safe and supportive ... The Human-Animal Bond Trust (HABT) is a Denver area nonprofit that was founded in 1988 by veterinarians and grief counselors, ... Celebrating the unique bond between animals of all species, ages & lifestyles and their human families. ...
The benefits of pets - how the human-animal bond is evolving. Posted: 10/05/2023/Under: Pet Finder/By: Author ... The surveys found that 8 in 10 pet homeowners consider their pets like music and 71% have performed music for their pets while ... of pet owners assume their pet has the same style in music as their human and 53% said if they really had to decide on, theyd ... If your pet has been exposed to an individual with COVID-19 and develops a respiratory illness, please talk about this with a ...
HomePetsHuman-Animal Bond: The Emotional Advantages of Proudly owning a Pet ... The kind of pet might differ from individual to individual, however the emotional bond that varieties between human and animal ... In conclusion, the emotional advantages of proudly owning a pet are plain. The human-animal bond has the ability to uplift ... The human-animal bond is a novel and highly effective connection that has been noticed and celebrated for hundreds of years. ...
The Human-Pet Bond: Why We Love Our Furry Friends. Pets have always held a special place in the hearts of humans. Whether its ... Another aspect that strengthens the human-pet bond is the emotional connection we share with our pets. Pets are incredibly ... In conclusion, the human-pet bond is a special relationship that brings immense joy, comfort, and happiness to our lives. Pets ... Home Pets The Human-Pet Bond: Why We Love Our Furry Friends ... Pets. The Human-Pet Bond: Why We Love Our Furry Friends. by ...
some practices provide pet population "credits" to reduce spay/neuter cost IF the client has stayed on the program for the four ... Promoting the Human-animal Bond in Veterinary Practice Thomas E. Catanzaro, DVM, MHA, FACHE, Diplomate American College of ... some practices provide pet population "credits" to reduce spay/neuter cost IF the client has stayed on the program for the four ...
They also bond with their favorite humans this way, likely returning the favor of being held and petted.‌ ... Bonding. Cats bond by licking and grooming one another. ... You may pet the same part of your cats body for too long, for ... If you have a pet cat, you may often wonder why they seem to wash or groom you by licking your face or hands. Cat behaviorists ... Saying thats enough. If you pet your cat and it licks you, it may be letting you know its done with attention. While you may ...
Posted in Pets & Animals Comments are closed.. « Study: My Understanding of Services ... The bail bond company lends you money to get you out of jail, and once you are cleared, you are expected to pay them back ... Getting Creative With Bonds Advice. sby on August 17, 2019 - Leave a Comment ... The bail bond industry is very wide, and selecting a reliable company to walk with may not be easy, but with this information, ...
We facilitate the Human/Animal Bond to improve lives of owners and pets.. ... The focus of ElderPet is to facilitate the important human/pet relationships of senior citizens, people with disabilities, ... ElderPet is a service organization made up of Pet Partner Therapy Teams and community volunteers. ...
Playtime with our pets is more than just fun and games-it is a powerful tool that deepens the bond between humans and their ... Let us celebrate the magic of interactive play, recognizing its significance in strengthening pet-human bonds. As we explore ... In this article, we explore the significance of interactive play in strengthening pet-human bonds. From promoting physical ... Paws and Play: The Power of Interactive Playtime in Strengthening Pet-Human Bonds. ...
Humans? Theyre our best friends! When it comes to our relationships with animals, humans have a special bond with one ... Post Tags: #about?#and#between#bond#canines#dogs#exploring#humans#owners#the#their#worry ... The bond between humans and dogs is special and unique; owning a dog who cares about its owner offers many rewards that cannot ... Do Dogs Worry About Their Owners? Exploring the Bond Between Humans and Canines. ByMarc March 6, 2023. ...
The Human Animal Bond Research Institute has announced funding for new research grants focused on the effects of human-animal ... Pet Food News. New research grants focus on human-animal bond. The Human Animal Bond Research Institute (HABRI) has announced ... Other organizations supporting research on human-animal bonds. The Pet Food Institute (PFI) recently made a US$25,000 ... Pet Ownership Statistics. Russia, Germany, France have most pet cats in Europe in 2022. With highly urbanized human populations ...
2800 for Pooch Park and the Whitman County Humane Society through games and contests designed for dogs and their humans to ... Place for pups to bond with owners. Mutt Strutt showcases pets, their humans participating in several events, games that ... The humans received prizes for their dogs successes, which were sponsored by companies like Pets are People Too and Tail ... Newburger breeds bassets and has 12 as pets at the moment. She brought five dressed in homespun Wizard of Oz costumes this year ...
Working towards strengthening relationships not just with shelter pets but also with the animals in our community through ... are typically more active when caring for a pet. Pets provide opportunities for more social interaction and the emotional ... Why is this bond so important?. The human-animal bond positively affects lives in countless ways. ... Strengthening the human-animal bond not just for our shelter animals but for all the animals in our community. ...
"Pet Habitat South Africa". Retrieved 2020-02-04. "Supporting the human animal bond". Retail Digital. Archived ... Petland participates in the Pets in the Classroom program of the Pet Care Trust. This program was established to give teachers ... This program has homed hundreds of thousands of pets. These pets receive basic veterinary care and vaccinations before being ... Multistate Outbreak of Human Campylobacter Infections Linked to Pet Store Puppies , September 2017 , Salmonella , CDC Company ...
Pet Loss Support Services of NJ: Julie Corbin, Ph.D.Leave a Comment on The Human Animal Bond and Zen: Everlasting Gifts of the ... The Human Animal Bond and Zen: Everlasting Gifts of the Spirit. Photo by Trace Hudson on Dogs, by their very nature ... Published by Pet Loss Support Services of NJ: Julie Corbin, Ph.D. ... View all posts by Pet Loss Support Services of NJ: Julie Corbin, Ph.D. ...
Find out how science proves the human-animal bond! by Ontario SPCA and Humane Society ... Training Dogs happy tails media release National Cupcake Day Ontario SPCA OSPCA Pet Care Pet Health Pet Safety Pet Tips pets ... DIY Tips for Pet Owners! by Ontario SPCA and Humane Society Looking for some fun DIY tips for pet owners? Our YouTube channel ... Do you have pet allergies? For those of us who do, but still love and want to own pets, having coping strategies i… Read more » ...
As for the humans, Carolyn looks forward to being a dog mom of champions and fashion designer to the dog stars. Rheas dream of ... living and working with her pet is fulfilled as Skamp helps her support her community with kindness and charity. ... My dogs more of a blogger than an agility dog, but his friends are pros when it comes to human-canine team sports.. ... Agility, for those who dont know, is a human-canine team sport. The team navigates an obstacle course. The dog takes all route ...
Its also about the profound effects of the human-animal bond.. The bonds the pet candidates have with the humans in their ... The Ultimate Winner: The Human-Animal Bond. Pet of the Year wasnt just about the funds raised. ... Quincy, a black Lab, raised more than $24,000 as a Pet of the Year candidate. Quincy and his human KC are also a registered Pet ... This is the true winner of this event: every person who benefits from the effects of the human-animal bond. That bond is what ...
  • Human Animal Bond Research Initiative surveys examine the correlations among pet ownership, human health and premium pet food purchasing. (
  • In 2014, a Human Animal Bond Research Initiative (HABRI) survey interviewed 1,000 US family doctors and general practitioners, with 97% stating they believe that that pet ownership benefits human health. (
  • A 2016 HABRI report suggested that when owners are aware that pet ownership benefits human health , those people in turn are more likely to purchase premium pet food. (
  • STAMFORD, CONN. (Aug. 31, 2022) - Pets Add Life (PAL) has announced the launch of its "Recharge" campaign, the latest initiative for the nonprofit dedicated to promoting the joys and benefits of pet ownership. (
  • Nearly 50% of all pet owners recognize the most universal benefit of pet ownership is that pets are fun to watch and have in the household. (
  • Launched in 2005 as a public service effort by APPA, the PAL program seeks to promote the joys and benefits of pet ownership, grow responsible pet ownership, and educate pet owners and potential pet owners on the proper care of companion animals. (
  • Founded by the American Pet Products Association (APPA) in 2005, Pets Add Life (PAL) is a nonprofit dedicated to promoting the joys and benefits of pet ownership. (
  • APPA's mission is to promote, develop and advance pet ownership and the pet product industry and to provide the services necessary to help its members prosper. (
  • These activities serve to promote pet ownership, the human-animal bond, and respectful approaches to engaging with animals. (
  • With their support, HABRI is building a strong pipeline of high-quality research projects that are showing how pet ownership is essential for human health and wellness. (
  • Pet ownership trends may be responsible for much of the disparity in growth between dog and cat food sales in Mexico. (
  • But pet ownership didn't reduce stress or loneliness, survey data show. (
  • By rubbing against a person while chest-sitting, they are effectively marking their territory , indicating a sense of ownership and comfort with their human. (
  • Remembering that responsible pet ownership involves both commitment and education ensures that our furry friends lead healthy and fulfilling lives alongside us. (
  • In conclusion, selecting the right food for your pet is a critical aspect of responsible pet ownership. (
  • Teaching Your Pet Basic Commands is an essential part of responsible pet ownership. (
  • Obedience training is a fundamental aspect of pet ownership. (
  • Obedience training is an essential aspect of pet ownership that enables pets to understand and follow commands effectively. (
  • The emotional advantages of proudly owning a pet are usually not restricted to only canine and cats. (
  • Cats also wash and groom humans to show affection. (
  • Cats bond by licking and grooming one another. (
  • Petland stores in South Africa stock animal and pet products such as food and accessories for cats, dogs, birds, reptiles and small animal products as well as holding fish and small animal livestock. (
  • Under the Adopt-a-Pet program started in 1998, Petland staff work with animal shelters, animal rescue groups, and individual activists to place homeless animals including puppies, dogs, kittens, cats, and various small animals in homes. (
  • Yes, Squishmallow Pet Beds come in various sizes, making them suitable for dogs, cats, and even smaller pets like rabbits. (
  • Do Cats Like to Be Petted While Sleeping? (
  • From cats to cows, healthy animals are the key to solving some of our world's most fundamental issues such as food security and nutrition, human health and well-being, and environmental sustainability. (
  • Cats exhibit a wide array of behaviors that both delight and puzzle their human companions. (
  • Understanding why cats engage in this behavior can deepen the bond between cats and their caregivers, highlighting the ways in which these animals communicate their needs and affections. (
  • While not all cats will display this behavior, those that do are often seeking comfort or demonstrating a form of attachment to their human. (
  • Cats exhibit a range of behaviors that may seem peculiar to humans, but chest-sitting is one that often signifies comfort and affection. (
  • Cats have a higher body temperature compared to humans, and they naturally seek warmth to maintain it. (
  • When cats sit on their owner's chest, they offer emotional and physiological benefits that can enhance the wellbeing of both the pet and the owner. (
  • Cats often choose to sit on chests as a sign of trust and affection, strengthening the emotional bond between the pet and the owner. (
  • For that reason, the possession of cats, dogs, mice or birds, which were the typical pets of that period, was considered in many cases as irrefutable evidence to condemn a large number of people to the stake. (
  • human health and may require additional precautions from those associated with dogs and cats. (
  • Carol Rubin] There are many diseases that people can get directly from cats and dogs, and there are also some diseases that can be transmitted by insects, such as mosquitoes or sand flies that first bite the cat or dog and then transmit the disease when they bite humans. (
  • Our paper contains a table that lists most of the known zoonoses that pass from dogs or cats to humans. (
  • Reverse zoonosis are diseases that do not normally occur in dogs and cats but can be passed from infected people to their pets. (
  • Believing any dog is trainable, she has made it her life's purpose to understand canine behavior and facilitate owner/pet relationships. (
  • Mayer notes the two main schools of thought for animal (including human) training: Operant conditioning (developed by B.F. Skinner ) is the use of a behavior's antecedent and/or its consequence to influence the occurrence and form of behavior. (
  • Providing mental enrichment through play keeps pets engaged and content, reducing the risk of boredom-related behavior issues. (
  • The analysis covers market share trends, marketing trends including private label, and the impact of the pandemic on pet owner behavior including shopping patterns, demographic trends, and cross-channel shopping. (
  • Reinforce with positive feedback: When your pet obeys and respects the established boundaries, provide praise and rewards to encourage continued good behavior. (
  • Redirect inappropriate behaviors: In instances where your pet does cross a boundary, gently redirect them towards appropriate behavior rather than punishing harshly. (
  • Our curriculum provides very well written step-by-step descriptions for animal behavior and communication, and well written step-by-step instructions for testing pets. (
  • To spread further awareness, PAL is a supporting partner of select 2022 Bark at the Park events, encouraging pet adoption and giving baseball fans the opportunity to attend games alongside their canine companion at MLB stadiums across the country. (
  • The Pet Loss Support Group is a safe and supportive environment where individuals can come to process the grief occurring from the loss or anticipated loss of a beloved animal companion, free of charge, every Thursday night. (
  • Spotify also unleashed a few extra fun information like fifty five% of pet owners assume their pet has the same style in music as their human and 53% said if they really had to decide on, they'd choose their pet over their companion. (
  • When a dog experiences anxiety due to separation from their owner, it can be a difficult situation for both the pet and their human companion. (
  • and inform the public about human-animal bond research and the beneficial role of companion animals in society. (
  • The bonds that clients have developed with their older pets are especially strong and drive the increasing demand for more proficient and highly compassionate medical treatment of companion animals diagnosed with cancer. (
  • Dr. Tony Rumschlag, Elanco's Senior Director of Consulting Veterinarians for U.S. Companion Animals, joins veterinarian Dr. Andy Roark to discuss the power of pets in bringing purpose and passion to our lives. (
  • The act of snuggling with a feline companion can significantly reduce stress and anxiety in humans. (
  • From simply being viewed as guard animals to now being considered as family members, companion pets have come a long way in their relationship with humans. (
  • The Companion Animal Bonding Scale (CABS) was used to measure child attachment to the dog. (
  • In tandem with rescue groups in each market, a portion of ticket proceeds go to Tony La Russa's Animal Rescue Foundation's (ARF) Pets and Vets program, where in 2018, APPA pledged $1 million to support expansion of Pets and Vets, which pairs shelter dogs with veterans coping with PTSD, traumatic brain injuries, anxiety and other service-related challenges. (
  • Kim Wolf was inspired by the photo series "Humans of New York," so she decided to expand the idea to a neglected demographic: dogs. (
  • No, dogs do not worry about their owners in the same way that humans worry about each other. (
  • Dogs are social animals and form strong bonds with their owners, but they do not experience the same level of anxiety or stress as humans when their owners are away. (
  • Dogs may miss their owners when they are gone, but they typically don't worry about them in the same way that humans do. (
  • The bond between dogs and their owners is a special one. (
  • The bond between dogs and their owners is also strengthened by communication. (
  • The 10th annual Mutt Strutt raised over $2800 for Pooch Park and the Whitman County Humane Society through games and contests designed for dogs and their humans to enjoy at Reaney Park on Saturday. (
  • The humans received prizes for their dogs' successes, which were sponsored by companies like Pets are People Too and Tail Waggin' Adventures. (
  • Gathering contributions from the leading experts in the HAI field, this state-of-the-art research volume is essential for anyone interested in the impact animals have on child development, whether through interaction with pets or through more formal interventions like therapeutic horseback riding or assistance dogs. (
  • Why Are Dogs The Best Pets? (
  • 23/04/2022 Pets Comments Off on Why Are Dogs The Best Pets? (
  • Dogs and humans share a unique connection that no other animal on the planet could. (
  • It has been well acknowledged that dogs and humans share such a strong bond that few things can break it, and in most cases this bond is unbreakable. (
  • Pet dogs and child physical activity: the role of child-dog attachment. (
  • Methods: Cross-sectional study including 370 children (ages 4-10) who had pet dogs in the home. (
  • Over the past few years, Petfood Industry has covered research suggesting that the bond between humans and animals can benefit pet owners' health and lead to improved pet nutrition and sales of premium pet food. (
  • The primary research also includes interviews with pet market experts and participation in pet industry events including the American Pet Products Association's Global Pet Expos, Petfood Industry/Watt Publishing's Petfood Forums, and the Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council's Pet Industry Leadership Summit. (
  • Pets and people bonded during the pandemic. (
  • The pandemic further improved this bond. (
  • The pet industry continues to outperform other consumer markets in the U.S. And following years of flat sales, pet specialty retailers have been doing especially well during the pandemic, with sales rising 18% in 2021 to reach $31 billion (including in-store, online, and services sales) following another double-digit percentage advance in 2020. (
  • In 2022, the European pet food market grew to EUR29.1 billion (US$31.1 billion) with an average 5.1% annual growth rate during the past three years. (
  • These Canada-based companies' annual revenues for 2022 are listed as they appear in Petfood Industry's Top Pet Food Companies database. (
  • The first-ever Pet Partners Pet of the Year, a new signature fundraising competition to support Pet Partners, was held February 1-March 15, 2022. (
  • The 2022 Pet Partners Pet of the Year, announced in a special celebration event on Facebook Live, is Happy Happy Hazel , from San Antonio, Texas! (
  • As this year's winner, Happy Happy Hazel not only takes home the national title of 2022 Pet Partners Pet of the Year, but also thousands of dollars' worth of prizes for her fundraising and awareness-building efforts. (
  • To see stories and photos from all of this year's candidates, visit the 2022 Pet of the Year website . (
  • Dublin, Sept. 21, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "U.S. Pet Market Focus: Pet Stores and Pet Specialty Retailing" report has been added to's offering. (
  • This report provides a comprehensive examination of the factors behind the success of the pet specialty channel as well as the challenges and opportunities facing retailers in 2022 and beyond. (
  • As a outcome, seventy eight% of pet canines are spayed or neutered, and sterilization is taken into account "a regular practice of care," with unsterilized canines an exception amongst pet house owners the place it was as soon as the rule. (
  • Furever explores the dimensions of grief people experience over the loss of a pet and the sociological evolution of domesticated animals in the U.S. today, particularly their position in a family unit. (
  • Featuring interviews with owners, veterinarians, psychologists, religious scholars, and professionals in the pet memorial business, Furever confronts cultural assumptions regarding attachment and death, and studies the deep psychological and physiological bonds that form between humans and animals. (
  • The impact animals can have on people is obvious in the number of households with pets and the stories people tell of how their pets improve their lives. (
  • The modules are a series of short, theme based learning blocks for professionals that are already working with animals, and for anyone who is new to the fascinating field of Human Animal Interactions. (
  • We will discuss the meaning of pets for people, especially for homeless people and we will talk about the challenges for the wellbeing of homeless pet-owners and their animals. (
  • Celebrating the unique bond between animals of all species, ages & lifestyles and their human families. (
  • We're trying to tap into the subjective quality of the relationship with the animal-that part of the bond that people feel with animals-and how that interprets into a few of the health advantages," explains Dr. James Griffin, a child growth professional at NIH. (
  • For example, some animals are better suited to pet keepers residing in small quarters, corresponding to residences. (
  • From historical civilizations to trendy societies, people have fashioned deep and significant relationships with animals, notably pets. (
  • As we proceed to be taught extra concerning the profound affect of pets on human well being and well-being, it's clear that the bond between people and animals is a particular and cherished connection that needs to be celebrated and nurtured. (
  • If you love animals as much as we do, you understand why we work so hard to provide the best life possible for the animals in our care and the people who bond with them. (
  • Strengthening the human-animal bond not just for our shelter animals but for all the animals in our community. (
  • Animals provide unconditional companionship which leads to educational opportunities and better mental wellbeing in children as they develop nurturing skills and in adults who, for example, are typically more active when caring for a pet. (
  • Bully's Bond is an initiative created to explore the interactions between people and animals by investigating the influences of the human-animal bond and all its facets. (
  • Amply illustrated with dozens of case studies representative of those regularly encountered in practice, Canine and Feline Geriatric Oncology will provide readers with the tools needed to diagnose and treat aging pets with cancer, and to help clients make the best decisions for themselves and for the animals with whom they share their lives. (
  • Humans and animals live together on earth, but as we increasingly reshape ecosystems to accommodate larger populations, technology, and increased consumption, animals are greatly affected. (
  • The history of civilization shows that humans have used animals for food, clothing, transportation, making a living, and even companionship, as well as subjects for the arts, literature, and within religious beliefs. (
  • With proper training, pets learn how to behave appropriately around other animals and humans, making outings more enjoyable for everyone involved. (
  • At the 7th International Congress on Animal-Human Relations, 'Animals, Health and Quality of Life', Professor James A. Serpell spoke on the origins and evolution of this relationship. (
  • According to Professor Serpell, during that period in that country, -which is nowadays very popular for their love of animals,- the owners of pets could run the risk of being accused of witchcraft and be executed. (
  • In the context of the preparation of the Olympic Games, the Chinese authorities ordered pet owners of the city of Beijing to take their animals to their respective veterinarian clinic in order for them to undergo euthanasia. (
  • The program utilizes the natural bond between youth and animals to promote positive youth development. (
  • One Health recognizes that the three sectors, that is, people, animals, and the environment, are closely connected to each other, and that movement of diseases from animals to humans can be influenced by changes in the environment they share. (
  • These animals are what we think of as 'pets. (
  • Tetrachloroethylene (Perc) is probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A) with the working group finding limited evidence in humans for the carcinogenicity of Perc and sufficient evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of Perc. (
  • The principal toxic effect of chlorpyrifos in humans, experimental animals, and insects is acetylcholinest erase inhibition. (
  • Over the past decade, outbreaks of zoonotic infections have been linked to animals-from pets to farm animals to wildlife-in virtually all settings, whether at home or away. (
  • Anybody who comes in contact with animals-pet owners, zoo workers, travelers, attendants and participants in the summer ritual of county agricultural fairs, and more-is at risk. (
  • More than 80% of all pet owners agree pets are a good source of affection and interacting with a pet can help them relax, providing the benefits of relaxation and stress relief. (
  • Pets provide us with endless opportunities for affection and love, making us happier and more content individuals. (
  • Ever thought there must be more to your connection with your pet than just affection? (
  • The campaign highlights the power pets have to recharge their owners' minds, bodies and emotions on a daily basis. (
  • As compared to 91% in 2018, 94% of pet owners recognize the health benefits of having a pet for themselves and their families. (
  • The playful content showcases how pets are an endless source of fun and energy and bring joy to the lives of their owners. (
  • Wolf provides assistance to dog owners who cannot afford to take care of both their pets and themselves. (
  • You can read more about the bond on these pages, and understand its place in the emotional journey that pet owners will go through on the loss of their pet. (
  • Obviously then, owners usually are not permitted to breed a pet for any purpose. (
  • Recalls & alerts Keep observe of product alerts for pet meals, animal feed, and merchandise utilized by veterinarians or animal owners. (
  • From promoting physical fitness to enhancing cognitive stimulation, the joy of playtime brings immeasurable benefits to both pets and their owners, creating a harmonious and fulfilling relationship. (
  • Playtime provides a unique opportunity for pet owners to understand their pets' body language, vocalizations, and play preferences. (
  • Playtime is essential for maintaining physical fitness in pets and their owners. (
  • Engaging in active play helps keep pets in shape, supports their joint health, and provides an opportunity for pet owners to stay active as well. (
  • Playtime can be incorporated into training sessions to reinforce positive behaviors and foster a strong bond of trust between pets and their owners. (
  • Through play, pet owners learn to empathize with their pets' needs and emotions, fostering a sense of compassion and care. (
  • From physical fitness to mental enrichment, playtime encompasses a wealth of benefits that enrich the lives of both pets and pet owners. (
  • We facilitate the Human/Animal Bond to improve lives of owners and pets. (
  • It is a question often asked by pet owners, and the answer may surprise you. (
  • To meet Japanese pet owners' demands for premium dog, cat and other pet foods numerous companies operate in the land of the rising sun. (
  • DIY Tips for Pet Owners! (
  • As pet owners, we always want the best for our furry companions, and this innovative pet bed promises to provide unparalleled comfort and coziness. (
  • Yes, Squishmallow Pet Beds are made with eco-friendly materials, making them a responsible choice for environmentally conscious pet owners. (
  • Whether used as a text or as a reference for researchers and decision makers (or as a source of information for pet owners and parents), this book will help readers take the first important steps toward ethical, evidence-based HAI practices that really improve child outcomes. (
  • This book also offers a focus on the special needs of geriatric pets and their owners. (
  • Beyond pet food, it is pet dietary supplements that are enabling pet owners not just to manage health issues but to enhance their pet's overall health and wellbeing. (
  • While pets helped in combating loneliness and isolation, pet owners started paying more attention to the health, wellness and wellbeing of their furry, feathery or even scaly companions. (
  • This article aims to serve as an essential guide for individuals like Sarah, offering valuable insights into various facets of pet care that will help foster strong relationships between owners and their beloved pets. (
  • Additionally, we will explore common challenges faced by pet owners and offer practical tips for overcoming them. (
  • JUST WHAT THE DOCTOR ORDERED Rayna Michaels may be a veterinarian, but she knows a little something about the human heart-especially when it comes to worried pet owners. (
  • This guide aims to provide insights into the importance of obedience training, its benefits for both pets and their owners, as well as effective methods for achieving desired results. (
  • By addressing specific problem behaviors such as jumping and pulling, obedience training not only enhances the bond between pets and their owners but also ensures a safe and harmonious coexistence within society. (
  • In conclusion, understanding obedience is crucial in creating a positive living environment for both pets and their owners. (
  • More recent HABRI survey results provide evidence that those doctors' advice could lead to their patients purchaing premium pet food. (
  • Pets Add Life (PAL) , the Human Animal Bond Research Institute (HABRI) , Tony La Russa's Animal Rescue Foundation (ARF) Pets and Vets Program , Pet Advocacy Network and Pet Care Trust and Pets in the Classroom . (
  • The Human Animal Bond Research Institute (HABRI) has announced funding for four new research grants focused on the effects of human-animal interaction on human health. (
  • Since HABRI's founding in 2010, HABRI has funded 21 competitive research projects from institutions across the globe, and has supported the creation of a comprehensive online library of human-animal interaction research , bringing its research funding to more than US$2 million. (
  • Each year, HABRI receives an increasing number of research proposals, which is why we need even more support from within and outside the pet care community. (
  • The Pet Food Institute (PFI) recently made a US$25,000 contribution to support research on the benefits of the human-animal bond for people and pets conducted by HABRI. (
  • Specifically, when educated on scientific research about how owning pets is good for human health , 88 percent of respondents are more likely to provide their pets with premium pet food, and 92 percent are more likely to maintain their pets' health, including staying current on vaccinations and preventive medicine, with 89 percent also more likely to take their pets for regular veterinary checkups. (
  • training and behavioural support, temporary sheltering, accessible veterinary care and pet food support. (
  • These pets receive basic veterinary care and vaccinations before being placed. (
  • Generally, intact pets are sent home with a certificate good for a free spay or neuter at a local veterinary clinic. (
  • In order to provide comprehensive information on pet care, we will delve into topics such as Nutrition , exercise, grooming, vaccinations, and regular veterinary visits. (
  • Playtime with our pets is more than just fun and games-it is a powerful tool that deepens the bond between humans and their animal companions. (
  • Here's why playtime is so important for your cat and how playing with your fur-babies deepens the bond between you. (
  • The process of training fosters trust and deepens the connection between owner and pet, leading to a stronger relationship built on mutual respect. (
  • The human-animal bond and people living homeless in Animal Assisted Interventions is the eighth of the modules in Anthrozoology that the Open University of the Netherlands and IAHAIO offer. (
  • homeless people and their pets. (
  • The human-pet bond is very special, and one that is recognised to bring many benefits to both people and their pets. (
  • Hazel is also a local celebrity in San Antonio, educating people about the importance of spay & neuter for pets. (
  • Quincy and his human KC are also a registered Pet Partners therapy animal team and AACR team, and they focus their volunteering on helping people with diabetes. (
  • People grew closer to their pets during the first two years of COVID. (
  • 4-H PetPALS is a leader-directed, experientially based, intergenerational program linking young people and their pets with senior adults. (
  • Are they what people think of as pets? (
  • For example, amphibians and reptiles normally have bacteria, like salmonella, that don't cause illness in the pet, but they may cause illness in people. (
  • So people who own pet frogs or lizards should follow certain guidelines when cleaning cages or tanks, especially when there are small children in the home. (
  • This study is the result of a survey carried out among people whose pets had died. (
  • As the #1 natural health magazine for pets in North America, we take pride in providing our readers with the information they need to make wise health care choices for their animal companions. (
  • Interactive play is a joyous journey of discovery and connection for both pets and their human companions. (
  • Wanting to know more about training and pet behaviors, she attended various conferences before signing up for a six-week training course, which turned into a nine-month submersion. (
  • In this blog post, we'll explore the human-pet bond and delve into the reasons why our pets mean the world to us. (
  • This article will delve into the world of Squishmallow Pet Beds, exploring their features, benefits, and why every pet owner should consider investing in one. (
  • As we've explored the importance of providing a balanced diet for your pet, let's now delve into another crucial aspect of their well-being - teaching them basic commands. (
  • Now that we have explored the importance of understanding obedience, let us delve further into establishing boundaries as another fundamental component of pet training. (
  • Transitioning from our previous discussion on understanding obedience, let us now delve into the crucial aspect of establishing boundaries when training your pets. (
  • [ 1 ] From 2009 to 2017, more than 350 outbreaks of human zoonotic diseases caused by enteric pathogens were linked to animal contact and reported to CDC. (
  • [ 3 , 4 ] Zoonotic diseases are estimated to be responsible for at least 2.5 billion cases of human illness and 2.7 million deaths worldwide annually. (
  • [ 5 ] Growth of the human population, changes in the environment and agricultural practices, and increases in international travel and trade have all given both recognized and emerging zoonotic diseases new opportunities to spread. (
  • In addition to this, the amount of time spent together can strengthen the bond further. (
  • Most respondents were motivated to provide treats because it makes their pet happy, and to strengthen the bond with their dog, and nearly 40% of caregivers frequently feed treats to show love to their dog. (
  • Engaging in obedience exercises stimulates pets' minds, providing much-needed mental enrichment that contributes to their overall well-being. (
  • Another aspect that strengthens the human-pet bond is the emotional connection we share with our pets. (
  • He purrs super loud and he has bonded with Mommas, another cat at the shelter. (
  • A valuable reference for practicing veterinarians, technicians, hospital staff, and professionals involved in supportive counseling for pet caregivers. (
  • Human food and table scraps were frequently fed by 30-40% of caregivers and feeding human food weekly was predictive of caregivers perceiving their dog to be overweight/obese (OR=2.24, p = 0.007). (
  • Focusing on the performance of pet specialty retailers between 2017 and 2021 and projecting sales through 2026, U.S. Pet Market Focus: Pet Stores & Pet Specialty Retailing examines the channel in the context of retail competitors including mass-market retailers, general online retailers, and farm and feed retailers. (
  • Sometimes referred to as " chest healing ," the act of a cat sitting on its owner's chest may have emotional and physiological benefits for both the pet and human. (
  • By establishing clear communication with your furry friend, you'll not only ensure their safety but also foster a strong bond between you and your pet. (
  • The module is a cooperation between the Open University in the Netherlands and the International Association of Human Animal Interaction Organizations . (
  • The International Association of Human-Animal Interaction Organizations (IAHAIO) is the global association of organizations that engage in practice, research and/or education in animal assisted activity, animal assisted therapy, and service animal training. (
  • Petfinder currently includes pets and adoption organizations from the regions listed above. (
  • Filmmaker Amy Finkel will bring her film Furever -a documentary about pet loss, attachment, and the many processes by which we preserve more than our pet's memories-to Monmouth University's Pollak Theatre on Monday, October 21, at 7:30 p.m. (
  • According to these references, it was possible to conclude that the survey participants established strong attachment bonds with their pets, quite similar to those present in human beings. (
  • Along with decreasing stress, pets may present much-needed companionship and alleviate emotions of loneliness and isolation. (
  • The act of simply being in the presence of our pets can alleviate feelings of loneliness and offer a sense of belonging. (
  • Correct care, consideration, and dedication are essential to sustaining a wholesome and completely happy relationship with a pet. (
  • Pets teach us compassion and empathy, as they rely on us to provide for their needs and offer them love and care in return. (
  • Petland participates in the Pets in the Classroom program of the Pet Care Trust. (
  • Taking care of a pet is going beyond nutrition and calorific intake. (
  • Despite growth and innovation across pet care, global supply chains continue to grapple with instability. (
  • Faced by climate change, labour shortages, political tensions, and more, key players across pet care are seen expanding domestic manufacturing capabilities. (
  • However, nothing seems to be able to stop the premiumisation and pet humanisation trends in the pet care industry. (
  • Pet care is a fast-growing industry. (
  • This article examines Euromonitor International's latest data, to give an understanding of the growth areas in the pet care market. (
  • Humanisation in pet care drives the demand for healthy, human-grade, premium pet foods and products. (
  • Sustainable ingredients and packaging become important features in pet care due to increasing concerns about climate change. (
  • The focus of HOBBIT is on the development of the mutual care concept: building a relationship between the human and the robot in which both take care for each other. (
  • Whether you are a new pet owner or have had furry friends for years, understanding the essential aspects of pet care is crucial in maintaining their health and happiness. (
  • Overwhelmed by her newfound role as a pet parent, Sarah realized she needed guidance on how to best care for Max's needs. (
  • She is an electric rival for Bond, a powerful Black woman who takes care of business, yet somehow winds up stepping aside to let him take center stage. (
  • To get the latest on pet adoption and pet care, sign up for the Petfinder newsletter. (
  • Health risks vary depending on the Salmonella serotypes found in pet food. (
  • In 2018, we saw an outbreak of psittacosis in poultry plant workers, drug-resistant brucellosis linked to drinking raw (unpasteurized) milk , dog lick-related Capnocytophaga infections, and Salmonella infections linked to pet guinea pigs, hedgehogs , and backyard poultry. (
  • Pets provide opportunities for more social interaction and the emotional connection can be an important counter to the stresses of life. (
  • What do we know about the benefits of human-animal interaction (HAI)-- and what future research needs to be done to ensure high-quality, evidence-based practices? (
  • Professor Serpell gave as an example the current cohabitation situation that is taking place in the United States, where in 2005, 63% of households had at least one pet, and 45% had more than one. (
  • More than half of US households own a pet, and pets have the potential to spread a variety of illnesses. (
  • The lessons we learn from our pets help shape us into kinder, more compassionate human beings. (
  • We hope that all the changes that China is experiencing and will keep on experiencing in the future will help to raise awareness of the beneficial role that pets have in the lives of human beings. (
  • Other zoonoses can be transmitted from animal feces when parasite eggs are inadvertently eaten by humans. (
  • Human animal medicine : clinical approaches to zoonoses, toxicants, and other shared health risks / Peter M. Rabinowitz, Lisa A. Conti. (
  • The cozy embrace of a Squishmallow Pet Bed can help alleviate anxiety and provide a sense of security, helping your pet relax. (
  • Fortunately, there are some steps that you can take to help your pet cope with these feelings of anxiety. (
  • Firstly, it is important to recognize the signs of separation anxiety in your pet. (
  • Once you've identified that your pet is suffering from separation anxiety, it's time to start making changes to help them cope. (
  • Some pets suffer from anxiety, especially when left alone. (
  • That is attributed to the common bodily exercise and train that comes with pet possession, in addition to the emotional and psychological advantages that may have a optimistic affect on total well being. (
  • In addition to the emotional benefits, pets also teach us valuable life lessons. (
  • Nontraditional pets such as reptiles, amphibians, and small mammals are increasingly common. (
  • From obesity and malnourishment to social isolation and depression, the pressures on human health continue to mount while we also see civilization use more of our natural resources quicker than ever before. (
  • The history of the relationship between men and pets started at the dawn of our civilization, when both discovered how beneficial their friendship could be. (
  • APPA membership includes nearly 1,000 pet product manufacturers, their representatives, importers and livestock suppliers representing both large corporations and growing business enterprises. (
  • Dermal absorption of chlorpyrifos (in dipropylene glycol methyl ether) in humans was about 1.3% of the administered dose within 48 hours (Nolan et al. (
  • PAL's vision is to become the leading resource for pet matchmaking, information, products and services, ultimately creating a community with robust educational content rooted in the benefits of the human-animal bond. (
  • Youth gain a greater appreciation for their pets, and experience compassion and caring for senior citizens through the 4-H PetPALS program. (
  • Companionship is perhaps one of the most significant reasons why humans love their pets. (
  • Pets provide a level of companionship that is unmatched by any other relationship. (
  • Pets offer us companionship, emotional support, and unconditional love. (
  • Owning a pet can bring immense joy and companionship to our lives. (
  • Non-human primates are potentially informative but underutilized species for investigating obesity. (
  • This index, relative body mass, for n = 40 non-human primates (mean ± s.d.: females: 1.28 ± 0.30, range 0.67-1.78, males: 1.24 ± 0.28, range 0.70-1.97) overlapped with a reference value for humans (women: 1.52, men: 1.44). (
  • Among non-human primates, relative body mass was unrelated to dietary niche, and was marginally greater among female cohorts of terrestrial species. (
  • some practices provide pet population "credits" to reduce spay/neuter cost IF the client has stayed on the program for the four previous visits. (
  • By implementing these techniques, you lay the foundation for a well-behaved and respectful pet that knows its limits within the household environment. (
  • The rhythmic purring and close proximity can be soothing and create a moment of relaxation and bonding. (
  • My Perfect Pet makes nutritionally balanced pet food crafted from ingredients such as beef, turkey, broccoli and cranberries. (
  • Symrise pilot production line offers an unrivaled research facility for dry pet food insight. (
  • Brand Insights from Symrise Pet Food. (
  • The South African, Ukrainian and Belgian companies all announced pet food expansions. (
  • After entering the pet food market less than two years ago, Brazil-based BRF announced plans to sell its dog, cat and other pet food business wing in February of this year. (
  • Germany, home to Europe's third largest dog population, is also home to numerous pet food companies. (
  • Vegan pet food company Omni is using a proprietary technology to create a meaty texture in a new wet dog food. (
  • The Brazilian pet food market is competitive, with both domestic and international brands vying for market share. (
  • These pet food companies are based in Brazil, although one left the pet food industry earlier this year. (
  • As a responsible pet owner, one of your primary concerns should be ensuring their nutritional needs are met through proper food selection. (
  • Choosing the right food for your pet is crucial in promoting their overall health and well-being. (
  • Investing in premium pet food may result in fewer vet visits and lower healthcare costs over time. (
  • Chapter I-- Food and Drug Administration Department of Health and Human Services. (
  • Subchapter B--Food for human consumption. (
  • Registered uses included food crops, turf and ornamental plants, indoor pest control (including crack and crevice treatment), termite control, mosquito control, and pet collars. (
  • Pets encourage us to lead a more active lifestyle, as they require regular exercise, which in turn benefits our cardiovascular health. (
  • Happy Happy Hazel will also take part in a professional photoshoot, be featured on the cover of Pet Partners' national magazine, participate in national media interviews, and receive many more fabulous pet-oriented prizes generously donated by many supportive sponsors. (
  • most importantly by holding the Nation's longest running, weekly 'Pet Loss Support Group' facilitated by compassionate, licensed therapists. (
  • Your Academy and IAHAIO collaborated to develop 9 unique short courses related to Human Animal Interactions. (
  • This non-verbal communication creates a unique bond that allows us to understand our pets on a deeper, more instinctual level. (
  • Your stationary position while sitting or lying down offers a unique bonding opportunity. (
  • Humans are not unique in the propensity to overweight and obesity. (
  • This emotional connection runs deep, and as a result, we often find ourselves confiding in our pets, sharing our deepest secrets and fears with them. (
  • Each module covers a salient theme in practice and research on human-animal interactions. (
  • Reward-based play encourages pets to learn and follow commands with enthusiasm. (
  • Now let's move on to discussing how to teach your pet basic commands without delay. (
  • It involves teaching pets to follow commands and behave appropriately in various situations. (
  • That is where the bail bond companies come in. (
  • The companies loan the individual money for a given period where the accused will clear the bail amount and any fees from the bail bond company later. (
  • The best approach would, therefore, be seeking a bail bond company beforehand so that once you call, you will be sorted. (
  • The bail bond industry is very wide, and selecting a reliable company to walk with may not be easy, but with this information, you are milestones ahead. (
  • One major way of sifting the right bail bond company is by getting one that offers their services on a twenty-four-hour basis. (
  • The bail bond company lends you money to get you out of jail, and once you are cleared, you are expected to pay them back within a certain period and at some fees. (
  • When it comes to bail bond agents, the reliable ones at least, possess numerous skills and are knowledgeable about the bailing system in the US. (