BoliviaTriatoma: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.PeruParaguaySouth AmericaIndians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Linguistics: The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Balantidiasis: Infection by parasites of the genus BALANTIDIUM. The presence of Balantidium in the LARGE INTESTINE leads to DIARRHEA; DYSENTERY; and occasionally ULCER.VenezuelaRefugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Fascioliasis: Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic flukes of the genus FASCIOLA, such as FASCIOLA HEPATICA.Cimicidae: A family of wingless, blood-sucking insects of the suborder HETEROPTERA, including the bedbugs and related forms. Cimex (BEDBUGS), Heamatosiphon, and Oeciacus are medically important genera. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Salts: Substances produced from the reaction between acids and bases; compounds consisting of a metal (positive) and nonmetal (negative) radical. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Medical Missions, Official: Travel by a group of physicians for the purpose of making a special study or undertaking a special project of short-term duration.Clergy: Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.Schools: Educational institutions.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Sirenia: An order of heavy-bodied, slow-moving, completely aquatic, herbivorous mammals. The body is fusiform, plump, and hairless, except for bristles on the snout. Hindlimbs are absent, the forelimbs are modified to flippers, and the tail is a horizontal fluke. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)Cetacea: An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)Otters: Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.Atlantic Islands: Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.Dolphins: Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)Ananas: A plant genus of the family BROMELIACEAE known for the edible fruit that is the source of BROMELAINS.Yucca: A genus (and common name) in the AGAVACEAE family. It is known for SAPONINS in the root that are used in SOAPS.Coca: Any of several South American shrubs of the Erythroxylon genus (and family) that yield COCAINE; the leaves are chewed with alum for CNS stimulation.Bromelains: Protein-digesting and milk-clotting enzymes found in PINEAPPLE fruit juice and stem tissue. Enzymes from the two sources are distinguished as fruit bromelain and stem bromelain. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.22.4.History, Modern 1601-: The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.Mythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Accounts Payable and Receivable: Short-term debt obligations and assets occurring in the regular course of operational transactions.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Christian Science: A religion founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866 that was organized under the official name of the Church of Christ, Scientist. It includes the practice of spiritual healing.Cocaine: An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.EcuadorLatin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.North AmericaCentral AmericaGuidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Plague Vaccine: A suspension of killed Yersinia pestis used for immunizing people in enzootic plague areas.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Hemorrhagic Fever, American: Diseases caused by American hemorrhagic fever viruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD).Supreme Court Decisions: Decisions made by the United States Supreme Court.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.ColombiaHostility: Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Brain Concussion: A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)ArgentinaSoccer: A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.Warm-Up Exercise: Physical activities done to prepare the body for more intense physical activities.BrazilRivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Funeral Rites: Those customs and ceremonies pertaining to the dead.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Carbonated Beverages: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.Cola: A plant genus of the family STERCULIACEAE. This is the source of the kola nut which contains CAFFEINE and is used in popular beverages.Licensure, Nursing: The granting of a license to practice the profession of nursing.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Therapeutic Irrigation: The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Solanum tuberosum: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.Wireless Technology: Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Transition Temperature: The temperature at which a substance changes from one state or conformation of matter to another.Phase Transition: A change of a substance from one form or state to another.Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Los AngelesPolice: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Protestantism: The name given to all Christian denominations, sects, or groups rising out of the Reformation. Protestant churches generally agree that the principle of authority should be the Scriptures rather than the institutional church or the pope. (from W.L. Reese, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion, 1999)Morale: The prevailing temper or spirit of an individual or group in relation to the tasks or functions which are expected.Cuba: An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Vocal Cords: A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.Vocal Cord Paralysis: Congenital or acquired paralysis of one or both VOCAL CORDS. This condition is caused by defects in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, the VAGUS NERVE and branches of LARYNGEAL NERVES. Common symptoms are VOICE DISORDERS including HOARSENESS or APHONIA.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.

Diarrhoea prevention in Bolivia through point-of-use water treatment and safe storage: a promising new strategy. (1/341)

A novel water quality intervention that consists of point-of-use water disinfection, safe storage and community education was field tested in Bolivia. A total of 127 households in two periurban communities were randomized into intervention and control groups, surveyed and the intervention was distributed. Monthly water quality testing and weekly diarrhoea surveillance were conducted. Over a 5-month period, intervention households had 44% fewer diarrhoea episodes than control households (P = 0.002). Infants < 1 year old (P = 0.05) and children 5-14 years old (P = 0.01) in intervention households had significantly less diarrhoea than control children. Campylobacter was less commonly isolated from intervention than control patients (P = 0.02). Stored water in intervention households was less contaminated with Escherichia coli than stored water in control households (P < 0.0001). Intervention households exhibited less E. coli contamination of stored water and less diarrhoea than control households. This promising new strategy may have broad applicability for waterborne disease prevention.  (+info)

The census-based, impact-oriented approach: its effectiveness in promoting child health in Bolivia. (2/341)

This paper describes the effectiveness for child health of a primary health care approach developed in Bolivia by Andean Rural Health Care and its colleagues, the census-based, impact-oriented (CBIO) approach. Here, we describe selected achievements, including child survival service coverage, mortality impact, and the level of resources required to attain these results. As a result of first identifying the entire programme population through visits at least biannually to all homes and then targeting selected high-impact services to those at highest risk of death, the mortality levels of children under five years of age in the established programme areas was one-third to one-half of mortality levels in comparison areas. Card-documented coverage for the complete series of all the standard six childhood immunizations among children 12-23 months of age was 78%, and card-documented coverage for three nutritional monitorings during the previous 12 months among the same group of children was 80%. Coverage rates in comparison areas for similar services was less than 21%. The local annual recurring cost of this approach was US $8.57 for each person (of all ages) in the programme population. This cost includes the provision of primary care services for all age groups as well as targeted child survival services. This cost is well within the affordable range for many, if not most, developing countries. Manpower costs for field staff in Bolivia are relatively high, so in countries with lower salary scales, the overall recurring cost could be substantially less. An Expert Review Panel reviewed the CBIO approach and found it to be worthy of replication, particularly if stronger community involvement and greater reliance on volunteer or minimally paid staff could be attained. The results of this approach are sufficiently promising to merit implementation and evaluation in other sites, including sites beyond Bolivia.  (+info)

The Northern Bolivian Altiplano: a region highly endemic for human fascioliasis. (3/341)

The worldwide importance of human infection by Fasciola hepatica has been recognized in recent years. The endemic region between Lake Titicaca and the valley of La Paz, Bolivia, at 3800-4100 m altitude, presents the highest prevalences and intensities recorded. Large geographical studies involving Lymnaea truncatula snails (malacological, physico-chemical, and botanic studies of 59, 28 and 30 water bodies, respectively, inhabited by lymnaeids; environmental mean temperature studies covering a 40-year period), livestock (5491 cattle) and human coprological surveys (2723 subjects, 2521 of whom were school children) were conducted during 1991-97 to establish the boundaries and distributional characteristics of this endemic Northern Altiplano region. The endemic area covers part of the Los Andes, Ingavi, Omasuyos and Murillo provinces of the La Paz Department. The human endemic zone is stable, isolated and apparently fixed in its present outline, the boundaries being marked by geographical, climatic and soil-water chemical characteristics. The parasite distribution is irregular in the endemic area, the transmission foci being patchily distributed and linked to the presence of appropriate water bodies. Prevalences in school children are related to snail population distribution and extent. Altiplanic lymnaeids mainly inhabit permanent water bodies, which enables parasite transmission during the whole year. A confluence of several factors mitigates the negative effects of the high altitude.  (+info)

Ecogenetics of Triatoma sordida and Triatoma guasayana (Hemiptera: reduviidae) in the Bolivian chaco. (4/341)

Triatoma guasayana and two putative cryptic species pertaining to T. sordida complex (named groups 1 and 2) occur in sympatry in the Bolivian Chaco. Using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis and subsequent genetic analysis, our work assesses their population distribution and dispersal capacity in domestic, peridomestic, and silvatic environments. Our collections by light trap in the silvatic environment indicated a predominance of T. guasayana and T. sordida group 2 and a lesser abundance of T. sordida group 1 ( pound 10% of the total of captures). Their similar distribution in two silvatic areas 80 km apart supports the hypothesis of their homogeneous dispersal through the Bolivian Chaco. The distribution of T. guasayana and T. sordida groups 1 and 2 was similar between silvatic environment and peridomestic ecotopes where 25% of positive places was occupied by two or three species. Bromeliads were confirmed as favorable shelter for T. guasayana but were free of T. sordida. T. sordida group 1 and to a lesser extent T. guasayana would be more invasive vectors for houses than T. sordida group 2. The spatial partition in the three species sampled in two distant sites suggested a reduced dispersive capacity.  (+info)

Chagas disease in an area of recent occupation in Cochabamba, Bolivia. (5/341)

INTRODUCTION: A descriptive, entomological and seroepidemiological study on Chagas disease was conducted in a place of recent occupation on the outskirts of Cochabamba, Bolivia: Avaroa/Primer de Mayo (population:3,000), where the socio-economic level is low and no control measures have been made available. METHODS: The immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was used for IgG and IgM anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in filter paper bloodspot eluates from 128 subjects (73 females, 55 males) selected by systematic sampling. Concerning each subject age, gender, birthplace, occupation, duration of residence and building materials used in their houses were recorded. Vectors were captured both in domestic and peridomestic environments. RESULTS: Seropositive, 12.5% (16/128): females, 15.1% (11/73); males, 9.1% (5/55). Average time of residence: 6.1 years for the whole population sample and 7.4 years for the seropositive subjects. Most houses had adobe walls (76. 7%, n= 30), galvanized iron rooves (86.7%) and earthen floors (53. 4%) 80% of the walls had crevices. One hundred forty seven specimens of Triatoma infestans were captured, of which 104 (70.7%) were domestic, and 1 peridomestic Triatoma sordida. Precipitin host identification: birds, 67.5%; humans, 27.8%; rodents, 11.9%; dogs, 8. 7%; cats, 1.6%. House infestation and density indices were 53.3 and 493.0 respectively. We found 21 (14.3%) specimens of T. infestans infected with trypanosomes, 18 (85.7%) of which in domestic environments. DISCUSSION: The elements for the vector transmission of Chagas disease are present in Avaroa/Primer de Mayo and the ancient custom of keeping guinea pigs indoors adds to the risk of human infection. In neighboring Cochabamba, due to substandard quality control, contaminated blood transfusions are not infrequent, which further aggravates the spread of Chagas disease. Prompt action to check the transmission of this infection, involving additionally the congenital and transfusional modes of acquisition, is required.  (+info)

Early, intermediate, and late acute stages in Chagas' disease: a study combining anti-galactose IgG, specific serodiagnosis, and polymerase chain reaction analysis. (6/341)

The acute phase of Chagas' disease was classified as early, intermediate, and late based on the levels of anti-Galalpha, 3Gal IgG (Gal) and specific IgM (M) and IgG (G) anti-T. cruzi reactivity. While the early phase was M+G-Gal-, the intermediate phase was M+G-Gal+, M+G+Gal-, or M+G+Gal+, and the late phase was M-G+Gal+. This sequence of stages was consistent with our previous studies on acute-phase proteins. Analysis by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of parasite DNA in 65 blood samples of children living in Cochabamba, Bolivia showed a significant correlation (90.8%) between ELISA and PCR positivity. A lower correlation was observed between indirect hemagglutination, PCR (58%), and ELISA. Electrocardiographic analysis of 43 children studied by the PCR did not show any alteration typical of acute chagasic myocarditis. The PCR positivity was observed in eight samples where only Gal was increased, suggesting a very early T. cruzi infection, when specific antibodies were not yet present. By associating anti-Gal IgG with specific serology, early T. cruzi infection can be detected with greater precision. We suggest the use of anti-Gal antibody reactivity as an aid for the detection of recent T. cruzi infections, at least in endemic areas where diseases caused by other trypanosomatids do not overlap.  (+info)

Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C, E, and G virus infections and molecular analysis of hepatitis G virus isolates in Bolivia. (7/341)

Prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis G virus (HGV), and hepatitis E virus (HEV) was investigated among 574 healthy blood donors in Bolivia. HCV RNA and HGV RNA in the serum were identified by a nested reverse transcription-PCR using primers derived from the 5' untranslated region (5' UTR). We also tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and for the antibody to HEV. The results revealed that HGV RNA was present in 84 of 574 (14.6%) tested blood donors, whereas HBsAg was detected in only 2 (0.3%) donors, and no individuals positive for HCV RNA were found. Anti-HEV immunoglobulin G (IgG) was detected in 93 (16.2%) individuals and anti-HEV IgM was found in 10 (1.7%) individuals among the same population. Phylogenetic analysis of 44 HGV isolates in the 5' UTR showed that 27 (61%) isolates were genotype 3 (Asian type) and the remaining 17 (39%) isolates were genotype 2 (United States and European type). Moreover, we obtained a full-length nucleotide sequence of the HGV genome (designated HGV-BL230) recovered from a Bolivian blood donor. The BL230 was composed of 9,227 nucleotides and had a single open reading frame, encoding 2,842 amino acid residues. Interestingly, the BL230 belonged to genotype 2 of HGV at the level of a full-length sequence, although this was classified as genotype 3 by a phylogenetic analysis based on the 5' UTR sequence. The BL230 differed from previously reported HGV/hepatitis GB virus type C isolates by 12 to 13% of the nucleotide sequence and 4% of the amino acid sequence. Our data indicate a high prevalence of HGV in native Bolivians, and the major genotype of HGV was type 3.  (+info)

Domestic biomass fuel combustion and chronic bronchitis in two rural Bolivian villages. (8/341)

BACKGROUND: Chronic bronchitis is an important public health problem worldwide. A study was undertaken to examine the association between exposure to air pollution from domestic biomass fuel combustion and chronic bronchitis in two rural Bolivian highland villages: a village in which cooking is done exclusively indoors and a village in which cooking is done primarily outdoors. Apart from this difference, the villages were virtually identical in terms of socioeconomic status, climate, altitude, access to health care, and other potential confounders. METHODS: Pollution exposure was assessed by combining information on concentrations of particulate matter of <10 microm diameter (PM(10)) in 12 randomly selected households in each village in all potential microenvironments of exposure with time allocation information. The prevalence of chronic bronchitis was assessed using the British Medical Research Council's questionnaire on individuals >20 years of age in both villages (n = 241). RESULTS: Daily pollution exposure was significantly higher in the indoor cooking village (range for adults: 9840-15 120 microg-h/m(3)) than in the outdoor cooking village (range for adults: 5520-6240 microg-h/m(3)) for both seasons and for men and women. The overall prevalence of chronic bronchitis was 22% and 13% for the indoor and outdoor cooking villages, respectively. Logistic regression analysis, which excluded the few smokers present in the population, showed a 60% reduced risk of chronic bronchitis in the outdoor cooking village compared with the indoor cooking village (OR 0.4; 95% CI 0.2 to 0.8; p = 0.0102) after adjusting for age and sex. Individuals aged >40 years were 4.3 times more likely to have chronic bronchitis than the younger age group (OR = 4.3; 95% CI 2.0 to 9.3; p = 0.0002). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of chronic bronchitis in men and women. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest an association between chronic bronchitis and exposure to domestic biomass fuel combustion, but further large scale studies from other areas of the developing world are needed to confirm the association. Results from this and other studies will assist the development of culturally acceptable and feasible alternatives to the high exposure cooking stoves currently being used by most people worldwide.  (+info)

*Padilla, Bolivia

2002). Diccionario histórico de Bolivia. Sucre: Grupo de Estudios Históricos. "Bolivia: largest cities and towns and statistics ... Padilla lies in one of the poorest regions of Bolivia, with few natural resources and lacking social and economic conditions. ... ISBN 0-299-16124-2. Vedia V, Julián (c. 2006). Adónde vas Chuquisaca (in Spanish). Bolivia. p. 450. Langer, Erick Detlef (1989 ... is a small town in the Chuquisaca Department of Bolivia, located southeast by road from Tomina Province. It is the centre of ...

*Wallatani (Bolivia)

Bolivia - Highlands Naturetrek Tour Report 21-30 November 2005 "Malla". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved August 25, 2014. (labelled ...

*Llallawa (Bolivia)

... mountain in the Andes of Bolivia. It is situated in the La Paz Department, José Manuel Pando Province, Santiago de Machaca ... Bolivia. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2014. ...

*Kunturillu (Bolivia)

Kunturillu (Quechua for "black and white", also spelled Condorillo) is a mountain in the Andes of Bolivia which reaches a ... Bolivia. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2016. ...

*Quchayuq (Bolivia)

... is a mountain in the Andes of Bolivia which reaches a height of approximately 3,680 m (12,070 ft). It is located in the Potosí ...

*Wisk'achayuq (Bolivia)

Wisk'achayuq (Quechua wisk'acha viscacha -yuq a suffix, "the one with viscachas", also spelled Viscachayoj, Wiscachayo) is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes which reaches a height of approximately 3,800 m (12,500 ft). It is located in the Chuquisaca Department, on the border of the Jaime Zudáñez Province, Icla Municipality, and the Tomina Province, Sopachuy Municipality. Bolivian IGM map 1:50,000 Estancia Jatun Mayu 6635-I Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) "Icla". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved April 22, 2016 ...

*Siku (Bolivia)

Siku (also spelled Siqu) (Aymara siku or siqu a kind of flute, also spelled Sekho, Seko) or Siq'u (Quechua for slidable rope; perforated) is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes which reaches a height of approximately 4,740 m (15,550 ft). It is located in the Potosí Department, Antonio Quijarro Province, Tomave Municipality. Bolivian IGM map 1:50,000 Tacora 6334-II Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary) Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) Bolivian IGM map 1:50,000 Porco 6434-IV "Tomave". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved April 29, 2016 ...

*Mister Bolivia

In the same organization, Gloria organizes Miss Bolivia national competition which the winner traditionally represents Bolivia ... In 2012 Mister Bolivia was selected by appointment. Color key Declared as Winner Ended as runner-up Ended as one of the ... Mister Bolivia is an annual Bolivian male beauty pageant held since 1996 and responsible for selecting the country's ... In 2010 Jorge Langenbacher of Bolivia was declared the winner of Mr. Tourism International 2010 held last Saturday November 27 ...

*Wanq'uni (Bolivia)

... mountain in the Chilla-Kimsa Chata mountain range in the Andes of Bolivia. It lies in the La Paz Department, Ingavi Province, ...

*Churu (Bolivia)

Bolivia. Archived from the original on March 26, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2014. ...

*Mancha (Bolivia)

Bolivia. Archived from the original on October 14, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2014. ...

*Yaritayuq (Bolivia)

... is a mountain in the Andes of Bolivia which reaches a height of approximately 4,100 m (13,500 ft). It is located in the Potosí ...

*Layqa (Bolivia)

Bolivia 1:100,000 Mizque 3835 Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por ... Bolivia. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2016. ...

*Warawarani (Bolivia)

... mountain at a small lake of the same name in the Cordillera Real in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the La Paz ... Bolivia, RGS-IBG Expedition Advisory Centre, 2nd edition, May 1994 Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción ...

*Chunkara (Bolivia)

"Soracachi". INE, Bolivia. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved March 22, 2016. ... mountain in the Andes in Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Cercado Province, Paria Municipality (formerly ...

*Pirwani (Bolivia)

... is a mountain in the Andes of Bolivia, about 4,840 metres (15,879 ft) high. It is situated in the Potosí Department, Antonio ...

*Pichaqani (Bolivia)

Pichaqani (Aymara pichaqa, phichaqa, piqacha a big needle, -ni a suffix, "the one with a big needle", also spelled Pichacani) is a 4,570-metre-high (14,990 ft) mountain in the Bolivian Andes. It is located in the La Paz Department, Inquisivi Province, Colquiri Municipality. Pichaqani lies northeast of Kuntur Samaña. The Qala Uta River ("stone house" river, Khala Uta) flows along its western slope. Bolivian IGM map 1:50,000 Leque 6241-III Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary) see: Piqacha, pichaqa and Phichaqa "Colquiri". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved March 26, 2016 ...

*Achuma (Bolivia)

Bolivia. Archived from the original on February 23, 2016. Retrieved October 28, 2014. ...

*Equipo Bolivia

... is a Bolivian UCI Continental cycling team established in 2017. "Equipo Bolivia". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 28 ...

*Q'ulini (Bolivia)

Q'ulini (Aymara q'uli stripes of different colors on the shirt or undershirt which the Andean people wear, -ni a suffix to indicate ownership, "the one with stripes", also spelled Kolini) is a 4,968-metre-high (16,299 ft) mountain in the Cordillera Real in the Bolivian Andes. It is located in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, La Paz Municipality. Q'ulini is situated southeast of the mountain Qala Uyu (Khala Huyo). It lies northeast of the lake Laram Quta at the wetlands known as Pampa Larama (Pampalarama, Pamparalama). IGM map 1:50,000 5945-II sheet Milluni Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary) "La Paz". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved November 14, 2014. (unnamed ...

*Warachani (Bolivia)

... is a mountain in the northern extensions of the Cordillera Real in the Andes of Bolivia which reaches a height of approximately ...

*P'ukru (Bolivia)

P'ukru (Quechua for hole, pit, gap in a surface, also spelled Phujro) or Phujru (Aymara for hole or pit in the earth without water, not very deep) is a 4,768-metre-high (15,643 ft) mountain in the Potosí mountain range in the Bolivian Andes. It is situated in the Potosí Department, Tomás Frías Province, in the south of the Potosí Municipality. P'ukru lies southwest of Khunurana and a mountain named Q'umir Qucha. Bolivian IGM map 1:50,000 Puna 6434-I Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary) "Potosí". INE, Bolivia. Retrieved October 8, 2014 ...

*Samaipata, Bolivia

Landlocked Bolivia still has a beach-life! The park extends for several miles. El Fuerte de Samaipata "censosbolivia.bo/ ... This is Bolivia's largest pre-Inca site. Declared a world heritage sites by UNESCO in 1998, this archaeological complex ... After the road that passes by the town was paved in the 1960s, many migrants from all over Bolivia (mainly from nearby Santa ... "Samaipata, Bolivia, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2016-11-05. , accessed 5 Nov 2016 ...

*Wañuma (Bolivia)

... mountain in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the Potosí Department, Cornelio Saavedra Province, Tacobamba Municipality. ...

*Sustainable Bolivia

... is a non-profit public benefit institution with offices in the United States and Cochabamba, Bolivia. The ... Ecotourism - Sustainable Bolivia organizes small group travel to various remote destinations throughout Bolivia. These trips ... Sustainable Bolivia was founded by Erik Taylor after receiving a joint master's degree in social science from the Universities ... Language Classes - Sustainable Bolivia offers one-on-one private Spanish and Quechua classes. Classes are given to supplement ...
2018.01.18 - Where to Buy Raspberry Ketone Plus in Cochabamba Bolivia?. Buy Raspberry Ketone Plus in Cochabamba Bolivia. Read our Raspberry Ketone Plus evaluation and discover why this organic fat deposits burner has been so popular in Cochabamba Bolivia.
San Miguel at present is an area which lies closest to the city with a such high level of biodiversity in the whole Americas. Approx. 50 kilometres from the city along the road to Morochata (pasing Liriuni), you will find a 50 hectares Polylepis forest bordered by the up rising slopes of a canyon. This forest which is located in the central part of the Tunari National Park, has converted into a true oasis hosting more than 50 species of birds, more than 10 spiecies of mammals, and more than 20 types of plants. Furthermore it exists a bird unique in the whole world, which you can find only in the Tunari National Park. The Poospiza garleppi, a bird which is threatened by extinction because of logging in it natural habitat - kewiña forest.. With 1398 spiecies, Bolivia is among the ten countries in the world with the highest level of diversity of birds. Bolivia has 45% of all species to be found in South America, among them 20 endemic species which you will find only in Bolivia. In Cochabamba ...
Early in the morning we will leave Cochabamba in private transport towards Quillacollo where we turn off the main road and start to rise a mountain road via the thermal springs of Liriuni up into the mountains of the Cordillera Tunari. On our way up we will see forest of kewiñas trees and with some luck we will spot the majestic condor which habitats this region. The road will also pass through small villages with houses of adobe and thatched roofs. The Higher we get, the grass covered mountains will change into rock formation whose peaks are sometimes covered with snow. We will leave the main road and go up by car to the top of the valley where we find some crystal clear mountain lakes and herder pasturing their llamas and alpaca. Here we will start our three hours ascent to the top of central Bolivias highest peak ...
Gentry, J., Shell, S., Adams, C. (2009) "Implementation of SODIS Water Disinfection Technology in Rural Bolivia: Direct-Community Training Versus Classroom Instruction," International Water Technologies for Emerging Regions (WaTER) Conference, Norman, OK, USA (October 26-27, 2009). ...
The Expulsion of Chileans from Bolivia and Peru in 1879 was ordered by of the governments of Bolivia (on 1 March 1879) and Peru (on 15 April 1879). The expulsion took place at the beginning of the War of the Pacific (1879-1883) between Chile and an alliance between Peru and Bolivia. Chilean citizens (about 30,000 to 40,000 in number) in both nations were ordered to leave within eight days or face internment and confiscation of their property. They were expunged on poorly-built rafts and pontoons at Peruvian ports, or forced to wander through the desert to reach the northernmost positions occupied by the Chilean Army in Antofagasta. The edict of expulsion was widely popular in Peru and met with little resistance, allowing the expulsion to occur quickly. In Peru and Bolivia, migrant Chilean workers were employed in industries that the local inhabitants were unable or unwilling to perform in such as railroad construction, the nitrate industry, and the docks. Chile also had investments in both ...
a href="http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/3244818/Popular_Participation_Law_-_Bolivia" title="Wordle: Popular Participation Law - Bolivia",,img src="http://www.wordle.net/thumb/wrdl/3244818/Popular_Participation_Law_-_Bolivia" alt="Wordle: Popular Participation Law - Bolivia" style="padding:4px;border:1px solid #ddd",,/a ...
Book your tickets online for Urban Rush Bolivia, La Paz: See 351 reviews, articles, and 153 photos of Urban Rush Bolivia, ranked No.2 on TripAdvisor among 119 attractions in La Paz.
With a population of just over 10.7 million in 2015, Finland ranks 83rd in the world by population and 27th by total area. There are 38 official languages of Bolivia, but the main 5 are Spanish (first language of nearly half the population), Paraguayan Guarani, Aymara, Chiquitano, and Puquina. The currency is the boliviano.. Bolivia ranks 126th in world health ranking per WHO. In 2014, the total expenditure on health per person was $427, which is 6.3% of the GDP. Bolivian males have a life expectancy at birth of 68 years, and females can expect to live 73 years. There are .47 physicians per 1,000 people in Bolivia as compared with 2.56 physicians per 1,000 people in the United States. ...
Historically, organized labor in Bolivia had been one of the most politically active and powerful in Latin America. Owing to the importance of mining in the economy, the Trade Union Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers (Federac on Sindical de Trabajadores Mineros de Bolivia -- FSTMB) has been the backbone of organized labor since the mid-1940s. Before the 1952 Revolution, the FSTMB orchestrated opposition to the three dominant tin barons and led protests against worker massacres. During the first few days of the revolution, the MNR founded the COB in order to group the FSTMB and the other labor unions under an umbrella organization that would be subordinate to the party. In creating the COB, the MNR was following the example of Mexicos PRI, which effectvely controlled labor through the partys structures. In Bolivia the COB and especially the FSTMB, which controlled labor in the nationalized mining sector, pushed for worker comanagement and cogovernment. Moreover, worker militias were allowed to ...
Bolivia Digna is a small non-profit and non-governmental organisation (NGO), completely sustained by donations. Your donation to Bolivia Digna allows us to provide you with administrative and logistics support before you arrive in Bolivia and during your stay, and covers your accomodation and food. In addition, donations are used to buy materials, support our community programs. 100% of the fees are re-invested in the NGO to support our long-term sustainability. Our work would not be possible without the volunteers work and support coming from donations. To know more about the fees, dont hesitate to get in touch with us at [email protected] For Oruro and Santa Cruz different conditions apply as the projects are run by La Salle and they are long-term volunteering (one year ...
http://www.narconews.com/. * * *. So, for all the lipservice about "democracy," Washington once again shows that it does not respect the democratic decisions of other nations, by meddling in sovereign domestic policies in Bolivia and elsewhere.. The tragedy is so unwarranted: all these years of trying to impose "zero coca" on farmers and indigenous in the Andes region has not made a dent in the easy availability of cocaine in the United States. Production ebbs and flows between Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia... When it goes down in one place it rises in another... but how many thousands of human lives and acres of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed in this failed process?. Finally, Bolivias government took a move toward sanity, and came to agreement with the farmers of the Chapare region (in which, as Contreras reported earlier this month, the coca growers are now partners in regulating their own coca production levels... a much larger victory for those who seek to control and limit coca ...
The burgeoning economic alliance between Venezuela and Bolivia also helps offset the difficulties that have arisen with Brazil and Argentina over Morales determination to exert greater control over natural gas exports. Both neighboring countries have significant investments in Bolivias gas fields, and both are importing gas for domestic use at prices well below the world market. At a recent international gathering of Latin American and European leaders in Vienna, Austria, Morales and President Luis Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil exchanged harsh words over efforts to draft a new accord over natural gas. While the two leaders formally made up before they left Austria, there is little doubt that Chavez support provides Bolivia with leverage in its negotiations with its two more powerful neighbors ...
This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series The history of rail transport in Bolivia began in the 1870s after almost three decades of failed efforts to build railroads that integrate the country, and is associated in its origin to the development of mining. The exploitation of saltpeter in Antofagasta began the laying of the first railway lines in Bolivia. It is the mining of silver, however, that promotes the construction of a railroad from the Pacific coast to the high plateau during the nineteenth century. Later, at the beginning of the twentieth century, tin mining gave a new impetus to the advance of the railways, forming what is now known as the Andean or Western network. The eastern network, on the other hand, develops between the years 1940 and 1960 and is financed in exchange for oil through agreements with Argentina and Brazil. Bolivia being a Mediterranean country, the railways played a fundamental role and the history of its railroads is the history of the ...
Bolivias president Evo Morales explains how his country regained its sovereignty Bolivia is one of the few countries left on Earth that has the cojones to tell it like it is. We witnessed some much needed truth-telling last month when Bolivias ambassador to the UN deconstructed Nikki Haleys word goo at the Security Council: Now the United States believe…
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Bolivia Official name: Repblica de Bolivia (Republic of Bolivia). Form of government: unitary multiparty republic with two legislative houses (Chamber of Senators ; Chamber of Deputies ). Head of state and government:.
Southern Bolivia is famous for the Salar de Uyuni (salt flats), on the must-see list when in Bolivia. In order to get there from Tupiza, a city in southern Bolivia, you see a lot of rocks on the way. Before… ...
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The markets in La Paz, Bolivia, like many places, are an essential part of the culture and a vital part of the city. In La Paz, there are a number of markets
Yesterday, copycat Autonomy Statutes to Santa Cruz were voted on in Bolivias eastern departments of Beni and Pando. English language newswires saw these events fit to print and are particularly instructive. I learned from AFP that Beni and Pando are "two impoverished Bolivian provinces"- wow, I always knew the conservative opposition was standing up for the little guy against those wealthy, greedy Indians. I also learned from the AP and CNN that the Statutes passed with 89 percent of the vote in Beni and 85 percent in Pando, woot- Autonomy is really popular! Their source? Well, the trustworthy Bolivian corporate press estimates. No need to mention that these totals are completely unverifiable as the elections were conducted without any oversight from national electoral agencies or international observers, such as the OAS and EU- usual foreign electoral observers in Bolivia. Abstention according to Beni and Pandos admission was high, roughly 35 and 45 percent respectively. Also, according to ...
Yusuf Omar, [email protected] Bolivia came out swinging at its first press conference of the climate change conference yesterday, criticising the Green Climate Fund - which is meant to help developing countries adapt to climate change - and opposing the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation scheme (Redd).. "Bolivia is showing strongly against the mechanism of Redd. The role of the forest is not for carbon stocks," said the head of the Bolivian delegation, Rene Orellana.. Redd is a set of steps designed to use financial incentives to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases from deforestation and forest degradation. The forest produces carbon credits and therefore becomes an emissions offsetting scheme.. While most countries have been hesitant to overtly state their positions at such an early stage in the negotiations, the Bolivian delegation took a strong stance against the mainstream consensus of the talks thus far.. "As people who live in the forest, we are not ...
Bolivia Table of Contents The conquest of the Inca Empire brought the Spanish into contact with a stratified and ethnically diverse population in the region of present-day Peru and the Bolivian Altiplano, Yungas, and valleys. The scant eighty years of Inca rule over the Aymara tribes brought large-scale population movements within the empire. Inca policies included the forced migration of potentially hostile (usually recently conquered) groups and their replacement by Quechua-speaking colonists (mitimas) of unquestioned loyalty. Mitimas resettled in the valleys around Cochabamba and Sucre; many Aymara were expelled to the extreme boundaries of the empire. Spanish rule created a racially stratified society in which whites (blancos) and mestizos controlled Indians living in a form of indentured servitude (pongaje) on haciendas. The Spanish justified colonial policies as a means of converting the Indians to Christianity, a goal that was often subordinated to other needs. However humane Spanish ...
Centrolenella bejaranoi Cannatella, 1980, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 93: 715. Holotype: KU 182369, by original designation. Type locality: 58.1 km SW Villa Tunari (by road), 1980 m, Departamento Cochabamba, Bolivia (65° 50′ W,17° 11′ S).. Cochranella bejaranoi - Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 21.. Centrolenella flavidigitata Reynolds and Foster, 1992, Herpetol. Monogr., 6: 89. Holotype: USNM 257803, by original designation. Type locality: Road to San Onofre, 3.3 km by road N of the road from Cochabamba to Villa Tunari, at a point 97.5 km from Cochabamba, Chapare Province, Department of Cochabamba, Bolivia, elevation approximately 1601 m. Synonymy by Harvey, 1996, Herpetologica, 52: 427-435.. Cochranella flavidigitata - Harvey, 1996, Herpetologica, 52: 427-435.. Nymphargus bejaranoi - Cisneros-Heredia and McDiarmid, 2007, Zootaxa, 1572: 34.. ...
In the rural municipality of Yapacani in Bolivia, a recent project undertaken by an alliance of local aquaculture and agriculture collectives and researchers from Canada, Bolivia and Brazil has resulted in a drastic remarkable expansion of economic opportunities for women, and a boost to the overall economy and health of the region.. Rural residents of Yacapani, many of whom live in poverty, have traditionally relied mainly on single-crop rice farming as a source of income, and the limited number of fish farmers in the area also tended to raise only one type of fish, the pacu species. The Peces Para la Vida (Fish for Life) project, which concluded in 2014, trained farmers in fish polyculture techniques, effective water management and other skills, to improve the overall sustainability and productivity of their aquaculture practices. The project has increased fish production by eight times in the region, and in households that adopted fish farming, incomes grew an average of $15,000 USD from a ...
Posted on 10/05/2013 2:27:15 PM PDT by nickcarraway. Suspected members of a drug trafficking gang in Bolivia have thrown a bag containing more than $1m (£615,000) from a low-flying plane. The cash was supposed to be collected by other gang members on the ground in eastern Santa Cruz province, said Interior Minister Carlos Romero. But they missed the target and the bag was seized by Bolivian anti-drugs police, who later made several arrests. Bolivia is one of the worlds top three cocaine producers. The authorities say the money - in US dollar bills of various denominations - was wrapped with a seal from a bank in neighbouring Paraguay ...
Todays Travel Photo Friday shot was submitted by Ron Dubin. Ron is a professional photographer who has traveled extensively in Bolivia. In fact, he published a book about it! Ron writes this about his photo: We had just arrived in Copacabana, Bolivia from La Paz late the night before and checked into the Hotel Rosario…. ...
Andean culture frustrates organ transplants in Bolivia - AP News: LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) - For seven years, Maria Ramos .02/19/2018 21:08:11PM EST.
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Bolivia has a population of just over 10 million people, about 4 million of which are under 18. Official estimates say that more than half of the population live below the international standard poverty line with an income of less than US$2 a day and that just under 3 million children and adolescents are victims of some level of injustice, exclusion, social inequality, exploitation, discrimination or poverty.. The following statistics, originate from UNICEF and/or the Bolivian Government. They can help in understanding childrens situation in Bolivia:. ...
Bolivia - Drainage: The rivers of Bolivia belong to three major systems-the Amazon tributaries in the northwest, north, and northeast, the Pilcomayo-Paraguay system in the south and southeast, and an isolated, inland-draining system centring on Lakes Titicaca and Poopó on the Altiplano in the west. The Uyuni Salt Flat is a smaller inland-draining basin nearby but separate from the Titicaca-Poopó system. The great swampy and forested plains along the northeastward-flowing Beni and Mamoré rivers, which are headwaters of the Amazon River, contain several lakes and lagoons, some of them large, such as Lakes Rogagua and Rogoaguado. The Amazon headwaters cut deeply into the
Potatoes, the basic staple of highland Indians since pre-Inca times, remained the most important food crop in the late 1980s. In 1988 approximately 190,000 hectares, mostly in the highlands, produced 700,000 tons of potatoes. These figures compared unfavorably, however, with 1975, when 127,680 hectares provided 834,000 tons of potatoes, indicating that yields were dwindling. Bolivia was generally self-sufficient in potatoes (over 200 varieties were grown), but imports were needed during occasional periods of drought or freezing. Bolivia also exported some of its harvest to Brazil. The lack of new seed varieties, chemical fertilizers, and irrigation systems, together with the continued exhaustion of the highland soils, was responsible for the low yields. In the late 1980s, the lack of financial credit at planting time represented the greatest impediment facing potato growers. Corn was the second major food crop, and its importance was growing. Corn covered more hectares than any other crop. In ...
I saw a bit of the same in Peru and some of the Central American countries. What became clear to me after Bolivia, is that the part of the population that is responsible for the most growth in an economy is very dependent on the infrastructure provided by competent government, particularly at the local level. In Bolivia a brand new multimilion dollar drilling rig sits beside the only 2 km stretch of paved road for 100 or so km each way on highway six, there are also signs telling the crew where everything is. It is clear that the drilling rig contractor either provided paving and signs on the roads they used, or insisted that somebody else provided it. A small business does not have that kind of ability or clout. Small and medium businesses need a dependable, stable infrastructure that will enable their goods and services to reach the it and its markets, in other words, reliable transportation with minimal delays, security, communication networks, a stable finance industry, fair and enabling ...
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The report Chocolate, Cocoa and Sugar Confectionery Market in Bolivia to 2021 offers the most up-to-date industry data on the actual market situation, and future outlook for chocolate, cocoa and sugar confectionery in Bolivia.
The Rights of Nature. The proposals developed by the Plurinational State of Bolivia bring together and build upon the progress made in the World Charter for Nature (1982), the Rio Declaration (1992), the Earth Charter (2000), and the World Peoples Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth (2010):. I. A DEEPER COMMITMENT TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY. 1. In this century, the central challenges of sustainable development are: on the one hand, to overcome poverty and the tremendous inequalities that exist and, on the other hand, reestablish the equilibrium of the Earth system. Both objectives are intrinsically linked and one cannot be reached independently of the other.. 2. It is essential to recognize and affirm that growth has limits. The pursuit of unending development on a finite planet is unsustainable and impossible. The limit to development is defined by the regenerative capacity of the Earths vital cycles. When growth begins to break that balance, as we ...
Bolivia tours with Geckos are like no other. This bold and enchanting place is where the natural wonders are brazen, the lakes are bright red and good fortune can be bought at a witches market. The highlights wont stop, so book your tour to Bolivia today.
Pope Francis has made an unexpected request for his upcoming trip to Bolivia - he wants to chew coca leaves, the natural source of cocaine, according to a government official. Bolivia says it will
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Bolivia is one of IPAs smallest programs. Their focus is on increasing the demand among decision-makers for economic evidence to combat poverty in Bolivia.
The Coptic Children of Bolivia is dependent entirely on youth involvement. As the Coptic mission in Bolivia is especially targeted towards college students and young professionals, we too would like to direct our administrative efforts into the hands of the youth. Not only should we solely attempt to aid the children that we serve, but also develop ourselves in multiple aspects. We strive to model ourselves to be the following: loving, religious, open to growth, and self-analytical. As we progress through our mission with the help of God, we find ourselves in a loving, mutually symbiotic relationship with the children we serve ...
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Researchers performed CT scans on forager-horticulturalist Tsimane people indigenous to the Bolivian Amazon Rainforest and found very little calcium.
The Tsimane tribe of Bolivia seem to make a habit of confounding scientists. First, as reported in a previous blog, they have the healthiest hearts ever - despite living in a constant state of infection-induced inflammation. For years, scientists have been telling us that inflammation is bad for our hearts. Apparently not for the Tsimane. Now scientists find they experience a much lower rate of Alzheimers. Scientists also tell us that those of us who have a copy of the Alzheimers gene, ApoE4, have a higher risk of getting Alzheimers. Two copies increase the risk by 10%. For us, maybe, but not the Tsimane.. For the Tsimane, the ApoE4 gene seems to be helpful and tribe members rarely have dementia. Dr. Trumble of the Tsimane Project, showed that members of the Tsimane tribe who had either one or two copies of ApoE4, actually performed better on cognitive tests than those that did not have the gene.. Puzzled by this conundrum, Trumble, who knew that most tribe members had suffered from parasitic ...
Seguimiento al participante (encuesta post-programa). Reporte de seguimiento DEC Bolivia Documenting CED practice in Bolivia. CED practice in Boliva - stories from the field Primer Re-encuentro DEC en La Paz, Bolivia. Primer re-encuentro DEC First CED Student reunion held in La Paz, Bolivia. CED student reunion
We had just lost all of our locations in one fell swoop the day before, and I was walking along the train tracks that cut through the sun-baked adobe village of Chita, pretending to measure the light, but really just trying to re-convince myself that coming all the way to Bolivia to make a short film was a good idea. Since arriving, we had somehow eased our lenses through airport customs, protected our camera from torrential rain and endless sun, teamed up with a film school, and learned to love rice and potatoes with every meal. But that was before the shooting started. Salar began in earnest when Roberto Lanza, then head of La Fábrica film school in Cochabamba, replied to my unsolicited Facebook message saying he would like to help produce the film. But the story had its origins in a conversation with an old friend. We were reminiscing about traveling in South America, comparing his job as an assistant to a European bureaucrat to those adventurous times. I was struggling with a different script
The team also talked with members of the general public to hear their concerns about the election. Rosa Cactagena, pictured, is from south Cochabamba and has sold pottery at the market in Sipe Sipe for 50 years. She travels each day back and forth between the two places. She believes it is important to vote - it is a right - and hopes the election goes smoothly and that there is no violence.. , Read previous blog Read next blog ,. Deborah Hakes will blog daily from the Bolivia elections through Dec. 7 ...
LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) - The European rerouting of the Bolivian presidential plane over suspicions that National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden was aboard ignited outrage Wednesday among Latin American leaders who called it a stunning violation of national sovereignty and disrespect for the region
DEL PEON-HIDALGO, Lorenzo et al. Blood group ABO and RhD frequencies and incompatibilities in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2002, vol.44, n.5, pp.406-412. ISSN 0036-3634.. Objective. To determine genic and phenotypic frequencies and predict the risk of incompatibility and maternal alloimmunization in the population of La Paz. Material and Methods. This descriptive study evaluated 1809 voluntary blood donors attending in 1998 the Hospital General de Zona of Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (Zone General Hospital of the Mexican Institute of Social Security) in La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Blood donors were typified by tube agglutination. The gene frequencies were estimated assuming equilibrium conditions, and incompatibilities and alloimmunization were statistically assessed with the c2 test. Results. Percent frequencies were as follows: blood group O, 58.49%; A, 31.40%; B, 8.40%; AB, 1.71%; RhD, 95.36%; and RhD negative, 4.64%. Genic frequencies ...
Applied research is part of the Bolivian CED project. The research has resulted in many kinds of products, including theses, case studies, conference presentations, and journal articles. Journal Articles The Bolivian journal UMBRALES, published by CIDES-UMSA, has published a special issue on Community Economic Development in Bolivia based on this project. The journal can…
La Paz is the administrative capital of Bolivia, while Sucre is the constitutional capital and the seat of the Supreme Court. La Paz was established in 1548, and is in the Andes. Altitude of the city ranges from about 4,058 m (13,313 ft) above sea level in El Alto (where the airport is located) to 3,100 m (10,170 ft) in the lower residential area. It is the highest national capital in the world.
From those funds, 1 billion is set aside for production, 222 million for emission and more than 83 million for distribution.. Paz reported that aside from these main projects, there is hydroelectricity from Misicuni, solar energy from Uyuni, Yunchará, Sena and an addition to the factory in San Matías, in Santa Cruz.. The Economic and Social Development Plan from the Bolivian Government has an estimated investment of a little more than 800 million dollars in the next 4 years (2016-20), producing thermoelectricity, hydroelectricity, biomass and harnessing solar and wind energy. With this there will be an increase in useable power of 11,384 megawatts, with an aim to transform the nation into the energy centre of South America.. Meanwhile, Bolivias Energy Minister, Rafael Alarcón, referred to the possibilities of exporting energy to neighbouring countries like Argentina, Brazil, Peru and Paraguay: they have progressed in finalising the contract with Argentinian business Cammesa, who anticipate a ...
March 20, 2004. COCHABAMBA, BOLIVIA, MARCH 20, 2004: Weakened, ill, and under the effects of a year of imprisonment, without being charged or sentenced for any crime, Colombian citizen Francisco, "Pacho" Cortés, considered a "dangerous terrorist," was transferred yesterday from the maximum-security prison of Chonchocorro (El Alto) to the San Pedro Penitenciary in La Paz.. Under strict security measures by the police and very quietly, yesterday afternoon, the Colombian was transferred to the aforementioned prison and is in a cell in the section of the prison named "Guanay.". Recall how on April 11, 2003, "Pacho" was arrested in a spectacular and televised "anti-terrorist" operation together with Claudio Ramírez, former La Asunta City Councilor in the Yungas region, Carmelo Peñaranda, a social leader in the Chapare, and two minors of age.. Ramírez and Peñaranda remain imprisoned in Chonchocoro and the minors are free on personal recognizance.. On that day, the government of the fallen Gonzalo ...
Chagas disease, caused by infection with the flagellate Trypanosoma cruzi, represents a major public health problem in Latin America (Dias 2007). The...
There are a number of situations that depend of localized circumstances that have implications for vector control operations in the following areas:. The Chaco region. In spite of the sustained regular activities of vector control in this territory that is shared by Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay, the rates of infestation by T. infestans remain high. The reasons are associated to the complex peridomiciles of the rural houses, the emergence of resistance of the vector to the pyrethroid insecticides in the Provinces of La Rioja and Salta in Argentina and the Departments of Tarija and Cochabamba in Bolivia, and the presence of sylvan foci of T. infestans in Bolivia.. An integrated approach is being proposed that includes the improvement of peridomiciles and the use of higher doses of insecticide in these peridomiciles.76. Areas with vectorial transmission without intradomicile colonization. In these areas the transmission occurs because of the "visit" of the vector to the houses from the natural ...
Numerous studies confirm that genital infection with Schistosoma haematobium increases the risk of becoming infected with HIV among women in sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Martial Ndeffo Mbah and colleagues present here a mathematical model of female genital schistosomiasis and HIV calibrated using epidemiological data from Zimbabwe that theyve used to explore the potential cost-effectiveness of mass drug administration with praziquantel as an intervention strategy for reducing HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa.. Dr. Robert Gilman and colleagues conducted a census, seroprevalence, and epidemiologic study in a rural area of the Bolivian Chaco, known for high Chagas rates, and discovered that, after an insecticide spray program, transmission appeared to fall transiently, but then increased again quickly. Their findings suggest improved housing and regular spray programs are the most effective strategies for reducing transmission rates.. With adequate treatment, most Salmonella enterica serotype ...
Bolivians have a long history of popular resistance to right-wing elements that have governed the nation on behalf of domestic and foreign elites. They have learned from their earlier struggles. In 1952 they achieved the continents first revolution since the Mexican Revolution of 1917. They introduced a short-lived agrarian reform and nationalization of tin mines, the main industry at the time. Many miners were Marxists. In 1946 the Miners Congress passed the "Pulacayo Thesis," a program echoing the ideas of Bolshevik revolutionary thinker and military commander Leon Trotsky. This program called for workers control of the means of production, a genuine democracy, and internationalization of the revolutionary struggle. Armed miners turned the tide in 1952 just when it looked like the rightist military might crush the democratic revolutionary forces in a bloodbath ...
The Bolivian government confirmed yesterday that it would use Cuban technology to control its border crossings.. The Andean state signed an agreement with Cuban company Development and Application of Technology and Systems (Datys) to put in place biometric technology that will help identify and track everyone who crosses its borders.. In an event organised at the Government Palace President Evo Morales said the system would be used to register biometric information for everyone entering or exiting the country that would be checked against a list of criminal suspects.. "The problems we have encountered along our borders mean that we have to think more about the security of our country and our State, through migration, exits and entries. Technicians have told me that from now on people who enter the country will be registered and their movements inside Bolivia will be controlled," said Morales.. "At this point it is not so hard to equip ourselves with technology, what is difficult is to change the ...
So, as many of you have probably heard, Evo Morales has won the election for the presidency of Bolivia. Upsetting all predictions, he won by a simple majority - more than 50% of the vote. This is an amazing feat in a Bolivian presidential election. There were EIGHT candidates for president, and his nearest rival trailed him by twenty percentage points. This kind of slam-dunk never happens.. It means that a very controversial candidate has a real mandate for governance; that, in fact, he has the strongest mandate that any newly elected president has had in Bolivia since its "return to democracy" in the early 80s (following the dictatorships of the 70s).. So what is controversial about "Evo"? Hes indigenous, a socialist, and emerged as a political leader in coca-growing unions. Hes promised to fully legalize the cultivation of coca in Bolivia. Traditionally, coca leaves are chewed or made into tea; a limited level of cultivation for these purposes is already legal in Bolivia. All cultivation ...
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In the latest South American Zone qualifiers for Brazil 2014, Argentina cemented their position at the top and lowly Bolivia and Paraguay both won to stay in contention.
Aerial View of Salar De Uyuni Over Salt Lake, Bolivia, South America Photographic Print by Robert Fulton - at AllPosters.com. Choose from over 500,000 Posters & Art Prints. Value Framing, Fast Delivery, 100% Satisfaction Guarantee.
Indigenous peoples in Indo-Afro-Latin America, especially Bolivia and Ecuador, are rising up to take control of their own lives and act in solidarity with others to save the planet. They are calling for new, yet ancient, practices of plurinational, participatory, and intercultural democracy.
An international commission says that transmission of Chagas disease by insects has been halted in Bolivias most populous department, La...
Bolivia, South America vacations: find accommodation, things to do, maps, attractions, hotels, photos, flights, weather, travel advice and more.
Snow-capped Mt Ollagüe, a huge andesite stratovolcano in the Andes, 5,868 metres high, on the Chilean border; a flock of llamas is in the foreground.
The United States State Department annual report on Strategies to Control International Drug Traffic highlights efforts by Brazil, pointing out that the country reached record levels of drug apprehensions in 2005. But the report goes on to call for improvements in border control, saying that there is a minimum presence of police forces along Brazils borders.. The head of Brazils border operations at the Federal Police, Mauro Sposito, seconds the recommendation. Our problems with lack of personnel are well known. We simply do not have enough people to do what we are supposed to do, he declared. The US State Department report says that the 3,400 kilometer border with Bolivia has become the main gateway for drugs, especially cocaine, that are used domestically in Brazil. Sposito says that means the states of Acre, Rondônia and Mato Grosso have become part of the main drug route and require special attention. Colombia The head of the Drug Repression Division at the Federal Police, Julio ...
Bolivia 2022 public holidays and national holidays. Professional, updated daily, and no intrusive ads. (c)1989-2018 Alter Ego Services and Olivier Beltrami.
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Aridity and seasonality of precipitation are characteristics of the highland region in Bolivia. Groundwater becomes an important and safe source of water when surficial bodies are intermittent and affected by natural and anthropogenic contamination. Decades of exploitation of the Challapampa aquifer, combined with lack of information required to understand the groundwater circulation, represent a challenge for reservoir management. This study analyzes isotopic compositions of deuterium and oxygen-18 in different stages in the hydrologic cycle to assess flow patterns in the aquifer, especially in the alluvial fan of River Paria, where records are more extensive in space and time. Interpretations are based on existing and new data. Some implications, such as the age of water, the evaporation effect in groundwater and some thermal intrusions are supported by stable isotopes, tritium, radiocarbon, and electrical conductivity records. New results confirm that modern precipitation over the mountains
The GDP per capita in Denmark is $37,800 while in Bolivia it is $5,500. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. A nations GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Banks PPP project that ...
The GDP per capita in Bolivia is $5,500 while in Faroe Islands it is $30,500. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. A nations GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Banks PPP project ...
Malaria eradication programme targets an area accountable for 85% of the disease cases in Bolivia. The country plans to eradicate malaria by 2020.
Compare the health profile and population dynamics of Austria and Bolivia side by side and choose from 190 countries to compare to.
Bolivia declared a national health emergency and extended its border lockdown on Wednesday, as the government seeks to contain the spread of the coronavirus. Interim President Jeanine Anez said in a public address that the border closure was extended to April 15 from March 31 previously. Anez said
By mid-February 2008, heavy rainfall across Bolivia and extreme flows of water from upstream areas towards lower regions have raised river levels in several departments leading to extensive flooding.
On 25 July 1993, 24 years ago today, Bolivia handed Brazil their first defeat in a FIFA World Cup qualifier, paving the way for their maiden qualification for the finals. FIFA.com looks back.
We investigate the factors driving Bolivias success in reducing inequality and poverty during the last 15 years. Our evidence suggests that the reduction was driven mainly by labor income growth at the bottom end of the income distribution. Increases in non-labor income (rents, transfers, remittances) also played a role, but a smaller one, although the introduction of Renta Dignidad has made a big difference for the elderly poor. Labor income increases were concentrated in the informal, low-skilled service and manufacturing sectors. As the gains from the commodity boom go into reverse, and the fiscal envelope becomes much tighter, it will be essential that labor and social policies are well designed and targeted to preserve the poverty and inequality reduction of the last 15 years.
Healthy competition leads to lower prices and maximized consumer surplus, so industries with several producers competing for market share tend to deliver the best value for consumers. Políticas Públicas para la Libertad, also known as Populi, is working to end state control of the telecommunications industry in Bolivia through mobile number portability (MNP), the ability to switch mobile phone service providers while keeping ones existing phone number.
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EnglandJeff «My colonoscopy was booked in for late afternoon on a Thursday. The hospital said to stop eating anything from 1pm on the Wednesday and recommended (giving some detail) a non fibre diet from Tuesday evening until Wednesday noon - avoiding dark drinks and jelly (like blackcurrant flavour). Avoid red meat, sausages and pies; fruit, vegetables and salad; potato skins or fries, wholemeal or brown bread; nuts, pulses, baked beans; wholemeal pasta, brown rice; puddings containing fruit or nuts; cakes and biscuits, yoghurts. Preferred are white skinless meat like chicken, grilled or poached fish, cheese, eggs; white bread, pasta, rice; boiled or mashed potatoes, water, fizzy drinks, fruit squash (not blackcurrant), clear soups, tea or coffee, shredless marmalade or jam, ice cream, custard, clear jelly, butter, margarine. The hospital also instructed me to start taking Moviprep, one packet (A + B) at 7pm Wednesday evening; and then another packet (A+B) starting from 6am Thursday. On each ...
As confusing signals go, Bolivia achieved a double whammy by seizing a Spanish power generation company hours before welcoming Spanish energy giant into the country.
The small town of Uyuni is a speck on the map of south-western Bolivia. With a population of just over 10,000 people, there is seemingly no reason to visit.
When ARDOR informed me theyd intercepted "intelligence" (the occasional irony of that word never ceases to amuse me) that RANCOR had a factory in Bolivia that was manufacturing a knock-off H1N1 vaccination that was about to hit the international black … Continue reading → ...
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Before presenting our latest photo-journalism direct from the just-concluded People s Climate Conference, and disturbing you with news of road building and plastics manufacture in Bolivia, we ask you to bear with us one moment regarding the financing of our activism and reporting:To complete thi
Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Irupana, Bolivia with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com
Guy Nesher, a photographer based out of Tel Aviv, shot this picture of the Salar de Uyuni. At over four thousand square miles, this region of Bolivia is the largest salt flat in the world. It functions like a natural mirror, but Ive never seen a picture of it that expresses that quality quite as well as this one. Link via Super Punch...
Videoklipp med In Bolivia the production of cocaine is rising despite measures to reduce the amount produced.
Guid: ANBN012E
Story Number: 012/04/25EC
Home for Sale by CENTURY 21 Real Estate: 1,101 sq. ft., 3 bed, 2 full bath house located at 3313 Marlin Dr SE, Bolivia, NC 28422 for $88,500. MLS# 20698668.
Hacienda de Cayara in Potosi, Bolivia: View TripAdvisors 49 unbiased reviews, 109 photos, and special offers for Hacienda de Cayara, #1 out of 11 Potosi B&Bs / inns.
My head is spinning from all the items we can take with us to Bolivia. Im looking at a list that suggests to take Aspirin, Melatonin, Neosporin - more "ins" than I can count. Dont get me wrong, these suggestions are very helpful […]. ...
PlacidWay Medical Tourism provides best medical centers in San Miguel, Bolivia to patients from around the world. Explore affordable treatment options globally.
Languages of Bolivia. Part of _Ethnologue: Languages of the World_, 13th Edition; Barbara F. Grimes, Editor; Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1996.
The Coca-Cola Company looks set to stay in Bolivia after a government official said recent comments by a high ranking minister that hinted at an exit later this year were blown out of proportion by the media.
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This chapter focuses on the behaviour in the Ultimatum and Public Goods Games of the Tsimane, a group of Bolivian forager-horticulturalists. The study attempts to answer two questions: (1) whether Tsimane game behaviour differs from the standard results found among westernized, market‐oriented, and industrialized populations, and (2) whether differential market exposure and acculturation affect norms of fairness and game behaviour across Tsimane villages. The chapter is arranged as follows: an introduction discusses cross‐cultural game results, makes some predictions for results from the Tsimane, and describes their characteristics; next, the methods used are outlined and the results are presented and analysed; the final section of the chapter discusses several important questions raised by the research. Offers made by the Tsimane in the Ultimatum Game tended to be lower than those found among western populations and higher than those reported for the Machiguenga of Peru (ch. 5), while
To establish the frequency of necrotizing funisitis in congenital syphilis, we conducted a prospective descriptive study of maternal syphilis in Bolivia by testing 1,559 women at delivery with rapid plasma reagin (RPR). We examined umbilical cords of 66 infants whose mothers had positive RPR and fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption tests. Histologic abnormalities were detected in 28 (42%) umbilical cords (seven [11%] had necrotizing funisitis with spirochetes; three [4%] had marked funisitis without necrosis; and 18 [27%] had mild funisitis), and 38 [58%] were normal. Of 22 umbilical cords of infants from mothers without syphilis (controls), only two (9%) showed mild funisitis; the others were normal. Testing umbilical cords by using immunohistochemistry is a research tool that can establish the frequency of funisitis due to Treponema pallidum infection.
During a survey in 2003 in Limon Pampa, Rio Chico, Bolivia, lucerne (Medicago sativa) plants showing typical phytoplasma witches broom and little leaf symptoms were collected and evaluated by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using 16S rDNA primers P1/P7 and R16F2n/R16R2. The PCR products (~1250 bp) were purified and directly sequenced, and the sequence was compared with those of other phytoplasmas. The sequence (accession number AY725211) had the highest similarity (98%) with the phytoplasma from ash witches broom disease, a member of the 16SrI aster yellows group (Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris). This is thought to be the first report of alfalfa witches broom disease in Bolivia, and the first report of an isolate of Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris infecting lucerne. ...
As we have seen, climate change will have a significant impact on water flow, thus affecting hydropower generation, which generates the majority of power in the region. In South America as a whole, hydropower generates about 65 percent of electricity (WWDR, 2014). The majority of hydropower facilities are located in the mountains. In the region, Peru is the country most reliant on glacial water also for its hydropower generation. Southern Peru and Bolivia also rely significantly on hydropower and are, in addition to melting glaciers, expected to experience a decrease in precipitation. North-western Peru, Ecuador and Colombia are expected to see an increase in precipitation, which could in...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Evidence for Trypanosoma cruzi in adipose tissue in human chronic Chagas disease. AU - Matos Ferreira, Adaliene Versiani. AU - Segatto, Marcela. AU - Menezes, Zélia. AU - Macedo, Andréa Mara. AU - Gelape, Cláudio. AU - de Oliveira Andrade, Luciana. AU - Nagajyothi, Fnu. AU - Scherer, Philipp E.. AU - Teixeira, Mauro Martins. AU - Tanowitz, Herbert B.. PY - 2011/11/1. Y1 - 2011/11/1. N2 - Trypanosoma cruzi the cause of Chagas disease persists in tissues of infected experimental animals and humans. Here we demonstrate the persistence of the parasite in adipose tissue from of three of 10 elderly seropositive patients with chronic chagasic heart disease. Nine control patients had no parasites in the fat. We also demonstrate that T. cruzi parasitizes primary adipocytes in vitro. Thus, in humans as in mice the parasite may persist in adipose tissue for decades and become a reservoir of infection.. AB - Trypanosoma cruzi the cause of Chagas disease persists in tissues of infected ...
Last weeks Bahamas notice coincides with another CDC update, noting that dengue is the most common cause of fever in travelers returning from the Caribbean, Central America, and South Central Asia. As of August 5, more than 890,000 cases have been reported to the Pan American Health Organization this year, including 10,840 cases of sometimes fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever and/or dengue shock syndrome. It is widespread in Puerto Rico, and several countries across the region are reporting high incidence rates in addition to the Bahamas, including Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Aruba. Cases have also been confirmed in Florida and Hawaii ...
1. For a brief introduction to the system, and the texts of the human rights instruments, regulations and statutes, see IACHR, Basic Documents Pertaining to Human Rights in the Inter-American System, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.92, doc. 31 rev. 3, May 3, 1996.. 2. The following member states are party to the American Convention on Human Rights: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay and Venezuela.. 3. See generally, IACtHR, Advisory Opinion OC-10/89, Interpretation of the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man within the Framework of Article 64 of the American Convention on Human Rights, Ser. A No. 10, July 14, 1989.. 4. As of the end of 1997, the following states had ratified the Convention of Bel m do Par : Argentina, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, ...

Andean Medical Mission | Sussex Hospital | Spire HealthcareAndean Medical Mission | Sussex Hospital | Spire Healthcare

Mr Gouws will be leading a team of 6 volunteers on a 2-week camp to Reyes, a small town in the North of Bolivia on the Beni ... Our Consultant Ophthalmologist, Mr Pieter Gouws is flying off today on a two week Charity trip to Bolivia. Mr Gouws is a ...
more infohttps://www.spirehealthcare.com/spire-sussex-hospital/patient-information/news-and-events/andean-medical-mission/

Agwa de Bolivia - WikipediaAgwa de Bolivia - Wikipedia

Agwa de Bolivia (usually shortened to AGWA) is a herbal liqueur made with Bolivian coca leaves, ethanol, and 37 other natural ... Agwa de Bolivia has been approved for consumption by the European Union Narcotics commission, U.S. Food and Drug Administration ... "Agwa de Bolivia". Archived from the original on 29 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-18.. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agwa_de_Bolivia&oldid=818510752" ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agwa_de_Bolivia_

Geography of Bolivia - WikipediaGeography of Bolivia - Wikipedia

Bolivias geography has features similar to those of Peru which abuts Bolivias northwest border; like Bolivia, Peru is ... Bolivia is bordered in the northwest by Peru, and in the southwest by Chile; both Peru and Bolivia are split by the Andes ... The geography of Bolivia includes the Eastern Andes Mountain Range (also called the Cordillera Oriental) which bisects Bolivia ... except that Bolivias Pacific coast was lost to Chile during the War of the Pacific in 1880.[6] Bolivia is also bordered by ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Bolivia

Bolivia - Chicago TribuneBolivia - Chicago Tribune

Capital La Paz may be the seat of Bolivia's government, but Lonely Planet dubs Sucre the most beautiful city and the ... Capital La Paz may be the seat of Bolivias government, but Lonely Planet dubs Sucre "the most beautiful city and the symbolic ... Capital La Paz may be the seat of Bolivias government, but Lonely Planet dubs Sucre "the most beautiful city and the symbolic ... Capital La Paz may be the seat of Bolivias government, but Lonely Planet dubs Sucre the most beautiful city and the symbolic ...
more infohttp://www.chicagotribune.com/lat-budget2014-wre0013590837-20050124-photo.html

Ethnologue: BoliviaEthnologue: Bolivia

Languages of Bolivia. Part of _Ethnologue: Languages of the World_, 13th Edition; Barbara F. Grimes, Editor; Summer Institute ... Bolivia. Republic of Bolivia, República de Bolivia. 8,421,000 (1995). Literacy rate 63% to 81%. Information mainly from SIL ... ESE EJJA (ESE EJA, ESE EXA, TIATINAGUA, "CHAMA", HUARAYO) [ESE] 600 to 650 in Bolivia (1976 SIL), 250 to 400 in Peru (1977 ... Bolivia via Library of Congress: Country Studies. Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.. Copyright ...
more infohttp://www.christusrex.org/www3/ethno/Boli.html

BoliviaBolivia

... On 22 May, Mr. Iván Zambrana, Head of the Biodiversity Department of the Ministry of Urban Development, issued a ... which including a presentation on the present status of biodiversity in Bolivia and a discussion on policies for the ... statement calling the population of Bolivia to be aware of the importance of biodiversity and climate change, and the potential ...
more infohttps://www.cbd.int/programmes/outreach/awareness/biodiv-day-2007-ctrs/bolivia.shtml

Bolivia Hospital RestorationBolivia Hospital Restoration

Los Andes Maternal Hospital, the only health institution to help mothers and newborns in La Paz, Bolivia, had fallen into ... Bolivia Hospital Restoration. Los Andes Maternal Hospital, the only health institution to help mothers and newborns in La Paz, ... Bolivia, had fallen into disrepair. Every weekend for a considerable time members worked to make needed repairs. ...
more infohttps://www.lds.org/media-library/video/2011-05-30-bolivia-hospital-restoration?lang=eng

Bolivia - Office of International ProgramsBolivia - Office of International Programs

For the last 4 weeks interns will be based in the small city of Tarija, located in southern Bolivia near the border with ... Location: La Paz and Tarija, Bolivia. About: Child Family Health International is non-profit leader in global health education ... Home » Intern Abroad » IIP INTERNSHIPS » IIP Internships by Region » Latin America and Caribbean » Bolivia. ... Bolivias main city and cultural capital. The main rotation site will be at largest childrens hospital in the country, ...
more infohttp://www.princeton.edu/oip/iip/internships/by_region/latinamerica/bolivia/

Weather in Trinidad - Weather in BoliviaWeather in Trinidad - Weather in Bolivia

Official Site of Bolivia Weather. Current weather conditions & forecasts. For La Paz, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Tarija, Potosi, ... The Seasons in Trinidad, Bolivia. Spring weather in Trinidad, Bolivia: Spring weather is mildly hot and rainy but not as rainy ... Fall weather in Trinidad, Bolivia: Fall weather is mildly hot and fairly rainy but not as rainy as the summer. The fall season ... Winter weather in Trinidad, Bolivia: Winter weather is fair and not as rainy as the summer, its considered the dry season. ...
more infohttps://sites.google.com/site/boliviaweather/weather-in-trinidad

Tarabuco travel | Bolivia - Lonely PlanetTarabuco travel | Bolivia - Lonely Planet

... among the most renowned in all of Bolivia. To travelers though, Tarabuco is best known for its annual Pujllay celebrations in ... among the most renowned in all of Bolivia. To travelers though, Tarabuco is best known for its annual Pujllay celebrations in ...
more infohttps://www.lonelyplanet.com/bolivia/tarabuco

Huatajata travel | Bolivia - Lonely PlanetHuatajata travel | Bolivia - Lonely Planet

Our service includes the tour of the Altiplano North of Bolivia, We will observe the Fauna and Flora typical of this Andean ...
more infohttps://www.lonelyplanet.com/bolivia/huatajata

Bolivia - Ethnic GroupsBolivia - Ethnic Groups

Bolivias principal groups were a small number of whites, a larger, more fluid and diverse group of mestizos, and a majority of ... Bolivia Table of Contents The conquest of the Inca Empire brought the Spanish into contact with a stratified and ethnically ...
more infohttp://countrystudies.us/bolivia/29.htm

Victory in Bolivia!Victory in Bolivia!

To our mobilized comrades in Cochabamba and in Bolivia:. To the national and international public: The Coordinating Committee ... Victory in Bolivia!. June 17, 2005 , Page 5. TOM LEWIS is the co-author--with Bolivian popular leader Oscar Olivera--of the ... MASS PROTESTS in Bolivia forced President Carlos Mesa to resign June 6 and stopped two other U.S.-backed free-market ... Neither Mesa nor Bolivias Congress had done anything to satisfy protesters demands since the first so-called Gas War of ...
more infohttp://socialistworker.org/2005-2/548/548_05_Bolivia.shtml

Bolivias stunning salt flats | New ScientistBolivia's stunning salt flats | New Scientist

This could rise to about 50 per cent if the lithium in more than 30 other salars and lagoons in south-western Bolivia is ... Talk that impoverished Bolivia could become "the Saudi Arabia of lithium" has encouraged its socialist president, Evo Morales, ... THE Salar de Uyuni salt flats of Bolivia, covering more than 10,000 square kilometres, are the most extensive in the world, and ... "Now we really would like to study the problem of lithium exposure in drinking water in Bolivia," Broberg says. ...
more infohttps://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21028160-100-bolivias-stunning-salt-flats/?ignored=irrelevant

Bolivia Coloring Page | crayola.comBolivia Coloring Page | crayola.com

Bolivia gained its independence from Spain on August 6, 1825, and it currently has a population of more than eight million ... b>Did you know?,/b>,br>Bolivia was named after the independence fighter Simon Bolivar, and is located in Central South America ... or markers to color the flag of Bolivia. Color the top stripe red, the middle stripe yellow, and the bottom stripe green. Color ... Bolivia was named after the independence fighter Simon Bolivar, and is located in Central South America. Bolivia gained its ...
more infohttp://www.crayola.com/free-coloring-pages/print/bolivia-coloring-page/

Clashes erupt in Bolivia | Reuters.comClashes erupt in Bolivia | Reuters.com

Clashes erupt in Bolivia as the government opens a consultation process with indigenous people over the fate of a controversial ... Clashes erupt in Bolivia. Tuesday, July 31, 2012 - 00:47. July 31 - Clashes erupt in Bolivia as the government opens a ... PLEASE NOTE: THIS EDIT CONTAINS CONVERTED 4:3 MATERIAL (ROUGH CUT - NO REPORTER NARRATION ) Clashes erupted in Bolivia on ... The Confederation of Indigenous Peoples of Bolivia (CIDOB) accused the police of being involved in attacking the CIDOB ...
more infohttps://uk.reuters.com/video/2012/07/31/clashes-erupt-in-bolivia?videoId=236746988

Bolivia - Clinician view - Packing ListBolivia - Clinician view - Packing List

Official U.S. government health recommendations for traveling. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/bolivia/clinician/packing-list

Bolivia - Traveler view - Packing ListBolivia - Traveler view - Packing List

Official U.S. government health recommendations for traveling. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
more infohttps://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/bolivia/traveler/packing-list

2013 Bolivia Immersion Program - Maryknoll Mission Education2013 Bolivia Immersion Program - Maryknoll Mission Education

Immersion program for teachers, DREs, catechists, and lay ministers. Travel to Cochabamba and La Paz, visit and build relationships with local people, experience youth, school, and family life, and receive professional and spiritual development.
more infohttps://sites.google.com/a/maryknoll.us/maryknoll-mission-education-promotion/home/mission-trips/teacher-immersion-program/2013-bolivia-teacher-program

Bolivia travel newsBolivia travel news

Latest travel and tourism news on Bolivia. Latest news on safety, hotels, resorts, attractions, tours and transportation in ... Bolivia travel & tourism news for travelers and travel professionals. ... Bolivia. La Paz Travel information. Travel to Andes ... Bolivia travel news Strong earthquake strikes Chile. Chief ... Bolivia travel & tourism news for travelers and travel professionals. Latest travel and tourism news on Bolivia. Latest news on ...
more infohttps://www.eturbonews.com/bolivia-news

Pope Celebrates First Mass in BoliviaPope Celebrates First Mass in Bolivia

The pontiff told a crowd of thousands who gathered at the airport in the capital of La Paz that Bolivia is making important ... Pope Francis waves from his popemobile as he arrives to celebrate Mass at Christ the Redeemer square in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, ... Relations between Bolivias Catholic Church and the Bolivian government became strained after Morales, the countrys first ... Among the items on the popes agenda while in Bolivia include a trip to the notoriously violent Palmasola prison, where at ...
more infohttps://www.voanews.com/a/pope-francis-continues-south-american-tour-in-bolivia/2854668.html

Stories from the Field: Cochabamba BoliviaStories from the Field: Cochabamba Bolivia

We also had help from the director of Methodist activities in Bolivia, who kept the logistics going for us. And everyone got a ... I was fortunate to have the assistance during the course of Skip Hodges, a Methodist missionary in Bolivia, who is a former ... Thanks to all the wonderful people in Bolivia who made this course possible and to the nurses who serve their communities under ... AAP.org > Advocacy & Policy > AAP Health Initiatives > Helping Babies Survive > Stories from the Field: Cochabamba Bolivia ...
more infohttps://www.aap.org/en-us/advocacy-and-policy/aap-health-initiatives/helping-babies-survive/Pages/stories-from-the-field-Cochabamba-Bolivia.aspx

Country Profile: Bolivia | New InternationalistCountry Profile: Bolivia | New Internationalist

Under Morales, Bolivia has sought to assert itself on the international stage, too, not only reducing the profile of foreign ... In 2008, he had to face down the threat of secession from élites in eastern Bolivia fearful that the governments revival of ... Leftwing nationalism has a long history in Bolivia, originating in the early years of the 20th century. It erupted in 1952 with ... A miner, pick in one hand, rifle in the other, adorns many main squares of Bolivias highland mining communities, symbolizing ...
more infohttps://newint.org/node/26183

Bolivia: Dengue | IAMATBolivia: Dengue | IAMAT

Bolivia General Health Risks:. Dengue. Bolivia has confirmed recent cases of Dengue. Risk is present year-round, with peak ...
more infohttps://www.iamat.org/country/bolivia/risk/dengue

Bolivia Crime Stats: NationMaster.comBolivia Crime Stats: NationMaster.com

"Bolivia Crime Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1996-2014.. "Bolivia Crime Stats, NationMaster," ... "Bolivia Crime Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Bolivia/Crime (last visited 1996-2014) ... "Bolivia Crime Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Bolivia/Crime (as of 1996-2014) ... Bolivia Crime Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Bolivia/Crime, [assessed 1996-2014] ...
more infohttps://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Bolivia/Crime
  • The geography of Bolivia includes the Eastern Andes Mountain Range (also called the Cordillera Oriental) which bisects Bolivia roughly from north to south. (wikipedia.org)
  • Talk that impoverished Bolivia could become " the Saudi Arabia of lithium " has encouraged its socialist president, Evo Morales, to keep this valuable resource under tight state control. (newscientist.com)
  • Pope Francis is presented with a gift of a crucifix carved into a wooden hammer and sickle, the Communist symbol uniting labor and peasants, by Bolivian President Evo Morales in La Paz, Bolivia, Wednesday, July 8, 2015. (voanews.com)
  • Under Morales, Bolivia has sought to assert itself on the international stage, too, not only reducing the profile of foreign companies in the economy but also standing up to the pressures long exerted by Washington to eradicate coca, the raw material for cocaine. (newint.org)
  • Los Andes Maternal Hospital, the only health institution to help mothers and newborns in La Paz, Bolivia, had fallen into disrepair. (lds.org)
  • This small, predominantly indigenous village 65km southeast of Sucre is famous for its textiles, among the most renowned in all of Bolivia. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • July 31 - Clashes erupt in Bolivia as the government opens a consultation process with indigenous people over the fate of a controversial highway. (reuters.com)
  • PLEASE NOTE: THIS EDIT CONTAINS CONVERTED 4:3 MATERIAL (ROUGH CUT - NO REPORTER NARRATION ) Clashes erupted in Bolivia on Sunday (July 29) after the leftist government opened a consultation process with indigenous people to decide the fate of a proposed highway that has drawn sharp criticism on environmental grounds. (reuters.com)
  • The Confederation of Indigenous Peoples of Bolivia (CIDOB) accused the police of being involved in attacking the CIDOB headquarters. (reuters.com)
  • In Bolivia, where more than 40 percent of people identify themselves as Indigenous or Afro-descendants, according to the 2012 Population and Housing Census, indigenous women face a higher risk of being excluded. (worldbank.org)
  • According to household survey data (2013), while almost all non-Indigenous women in urban Bolivia give birth with either a nurse or a doctor present, that is the case for only 6 out of 10 Indigenous women in rural Bolivia. (worldbank.org)
  • Northern Bolivia, southeast of Riberalta, along the Beni River, east of the Beni, and 500 on the Pando on the west side of the Beni. (christusrex.org)
  • subsequently, San Juan de Rodas, and La Laguna) is a small town in the Chuquisaca Department of Bolivia, located southeast by road from Tomina Province. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was implemented by me, in conjunction with the Iglesia Evangélica Metodista de Bolivia (IEMB), which runs seven health clinics in rural Bolivia, often in very remote areas. (aap.org)
  • On 22 May, Mr. Iván Zambrana, Head of the Biodiversity Department of the Ministry of Urban Development, issued a statement calling the population of Bolivia to be aware of the importance of biodiversity and climate change, and the potential impacts that can occur in the green spaces of the country. (cbd.int)
  • Protesters denounced both Vaca Díez and Cossío as unacceptable because of their ties to the transnationals and to local oil barons in the eastern and southern states of Bolivia who have proposed seceding from the country. (socialistworker.org)
  • The much older Cordillera Oriental enters Bolivia on the north side of Lake Titicaca, extends southeastward to approximately 17 south latitude, then broadens and stretches south to the Argentine border. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bolivia gained its independence from Spain on August 6, 1825, and it currently has a population of more than eight million people. (crayola.com)
  • As a result, the food supply for the urban population decreased, and Bolivia had to import food. (countrystudies.us)
  • In urban Bolivia, females are less likely to finish secondary school than males. (worldbank.org)
  • In 2008, he had to face down the threat of secession from élites in eastern Bolivia fearful that the government's revival of the 1950s agrarian reform would lead to their losing huge private estates. (newint.org)
  • Bolivia has confirmed recent cases of Dengue. (iamat.org)
  • Many factors prevent girls from attaining higher levels of schooling in Bolivia, including domestic care work, early pregnancy, and the need for income. (worldbank.org)
  • After a four hour stay in La Paz, Pope Francis flew to the city of Santa Cruz, where he will remain for the rest of his visit to Bolivia. (voanews.com)
  • THE Salar de Uyuni salt flats of Bolivia, covering more than 10,000 square kilometres, are the most extensive in the world, and so level that the surface is used to calibrate the altimeters on board satellites . (newscientist.com)
  • Pope Francis waves from his popemobile as he arrives to celebrate Mass at Christ the Redeemer square in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, July 9, 2015. (voanews.com)
  • Addressing hundreds of thousands in Christ the Redeemer square in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, Pope Francis called on the faithful to reject consumerism, which he says only creates barriers between people. (voanews.com)
  • MASS PROTESTS in Bolivia forced President Carlos Mesa to resign June 6 and stopped two other U.S.-backed free-market conservatives from assuming power. (socialistworker.org)
  • The pontiff told a crowd of thousands who gathered at the airport in the capital of La Paz that Bolivia 'is making important steps towards including broad sectors in the country's economic, social and political life. (voanews.com)
  • In collaboration with "la Asociación Prodefensa de la Naturaleza and la Liga de Defensa del Medio Ambiente (LIDEMA)," the Biodiversity Department, organized a seminar on 22 May, which including a presentation on the present status of biodiversity in Bolivia and a discussion on policies for the sustainable use and conservation of the country's biological resources. (cbd.int)