Boidae: A family of snakes comprising the boas, anacondas, and pythons. They occupy a variety of habitats through the tropics and subtropics and are arboreal, aquatic or fossorial (burrowing). Some are oviparous, others ovoviviparous. Contrary to popular opinion, they do not crush the bones of their victims: their coils exert enough pressure to stop a prey's breathing, thus suffocating it. There are five subfamilies: Boinae, Bolyerinae, Erycinae, Pythoninae, and Tropidophiinae. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p315-320)Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Methylocystaceae: A family of gram-negative methanotrophs in the order Rhizobiales, distantly related to the nitrogen-fixing and phototrophic bacteria.WingSkull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Weed Control: The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Mikania: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain scandenolide (a sesquiterpene lactone) and germacranolides.Prunus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.Rubber: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.Agave: A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Halobacteriaceae: A family of extremely halophilic archaea found in environments with high salt concentrations, such as salt lakes, evaporated brines, or salted fish. Halobacteriaceae are either obligate aerobes or facultative anaerobes and are divided into at least twenty-six genera including: HALOARCULA; HALOBACTERIUM; HALOCOCCUS; HALOFERAX; HALORUBRUM; NATRONOBACTERIUM; and NATRONOCOCCUS.Acid-Base Imbalance: Disturbances in the ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIUM of the body.Heteroptera: A suborder of HEMIPTERA, called true bugs, characterized by the possession of two pairs of wings. It includes the medically important families CIMICIDAE and REDUVIIDAE. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Parakeets: Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.Ophiostomatales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA that are important plant pathogens.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Tardigrada: A phylum of microscopic ecdysozoan invertebrates, closely related to ARTHROPODS. Members exhibit anabiosis and cryptobiosis, dormant states where metabolic activity is reduced or absent, thus making them tolerant to extreme environmental conditions. They are distributed worldwide and most are semi-aquatic.Guyana: A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.Expeditions: Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: A self-governing state of the Windward Islands in the West Indies, comprising Saint Vincent and the northern islets of the Grenadines. Its capital is Kingstown. It is one of the original homes of the Carib Indians supposed to have been sighted by Columbus in 1498. It was in English hands from 1627 till held by the French 1779-83. Saint Vincent subsequently became a British possession and, with other nearby British territories, was administered by the Governor of the Windward Islands till 1959. It attained a measure of independence in 1969 but achieved full independence as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in 1979. Saint Vincent was the 4th century Spanish martyr on whose feast day Columbus discovered the island. Grenadines is derived from the Spanish kingdom of Granada. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1054 & The Europa World Year Book 1993, p2441)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)ColombiaAlaskaPhyllachorales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA characterized by stromatic perithecial forms in most species. Notable genera are Magnaporthe and Glomerella, the latter having the anamorph (mitosporic form) COLLETOTRICHUM.Mustelidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.Psittaciformes: An order of BIRDS comprised of several families and more than 300 species. It includes COCKATOOS; PARROTS; PARAKEETS; macaws; and BUDGERIGARS.Galliformes: An order of heavy-bodied, largely terrestrial BIRDS including pheasants, TURKEYS, grouse, QUAIL, and CHICKENS.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Porcupines: Common name for large, quilled rodents (RODENTIA) comprised of two families: Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) and New World porcupines (Erethizontidae).Sciuridae: A family of the order Rodentia which contains 49 genera. Some of the more common genera are MARMOTA, which includes the marmot and woodchuck; Sciurus, the gray squirrel, S. carolinensis, and the fox squirrel, S. niger; Tamias, the eastern and western chipmunk; and Tamiasciurus, the red squirrel. The flying squirrels, except the scaly-tailed Anomaluridae, also belong to this family.MuseumsTrustees: Board members of an institution or organization who are entrusted with the administering of funds and the directing of policy.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Snakes: Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.LizardsEncephalitis, Japanese: A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)PolandAlnus: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy: A transient left ventricular apical dysfunction or ballooning accompanied by electrocardiographic (ECG) T wave inversions. This abnormality is associated with high levels of CATECHOLAMINES, either administered or endogenously secreted from a tumor or during extreme stress.Encephalitis Virus, Japanese: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE).

Recovery of ranavirus dsDNA from formalin-fixed archival material. (1/81)

The extraction and amplification of nucleic acid from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues has become an important exercise in the collection of retrospective epidemiological data. A protocol is described that enables the extraction and amplification of dsDNA from fixed tissues within paraffin blocks and from specimens stored in 10% (aq) formalin. The procedure can be used for the examination of ranavirus DNA within archival tissues thereby providing valuable data for identifying the origin and tracing the spread of ranaviruses.  (+info)

Salmon: a new autosomal mutation demonstrating incomplete dominance in the boine snake Boa constrictor. (2/81)

An unusual and attractive pigmentation pattern mutation termed "salmon" has been identified in the United States in several captive colonies of the common neotropical boine snake boa constrictor [Boa constrictor (Boidae)]. Boa constrictors expressing the Sa pigmentation pattern appear to be restricted to regions of Panama. Animals with the Sa phenotype exhibit a sharp decrease in melanophore pigments (e.g., melanin) and an increase of xanthophore pigments (e.g., pteridines and carotenoids) throughout the body, including ventral and caudal regions. Moreover, the dorsal saddles (blotches) and lateral diamond patterns are greatly reduced and/or absent. Our study was initiated using a female B. constrictor born in captivity and expressed the Sa pigmentation pattern. Results from breeding experiments indicated an inheritance mode of autosomal incomplete dominance for the Sa and Wt alleles.  (+info)

Ventilatory and cardiovascular responses of a python (Python molurus) to exercise and digestion. (3/81)

To investigate the potential limiting steps of peak metabolic rates, we examined gas exchange rates ( vdot (O2), vdot (CO2)), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), breathing frequency, tidal volume, minute ventilation volume (V.e) as well as the heart rate, systemic blood flow and stroke volume of Burmese pythons (Python molurus) while fasting at rest, exercising, digesting and exercising while digesting. All measured variables increased significantly during exercise (crawling at 0.4 km h(-)(1) and at vdot (O2max)), highlighted by a 17-fold increase in vdot (CO2) and a 24-fold increase in V.e. During the digestion of a meal equivalent to 25 % of the snake's body mass, pythons responded with increases in vdot (O2) and heart rate similar to those experienced during exercise, along with a 4.5-fold increase in systemic blood flow. Interestingly, pythons hyperventilated while exercising, whereas they hypoventilated during digestion. The combined demands of exercise and digestion resulted in significantly higher vdot (O2), vdot (CO2), breathing frequency and heart rate than during either exercise or digestion alone. Evidently, the capacities of the ventilatory and cardiovascular systems to transport oxygen to locomotor muscles are not a limiting factor in the attainment of peak metabolic rates during exercise in pythons  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of an antigenically distinct 68-kd protein from nonviral intracytoplasmic inclusions in Boa constrictors chronically infected with the inclusion body disease virus (IBDV: Retroviridae). (4/81)

The relationship between a retroviral infection and the development of nonviral intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies was studied in a Boa constrictor model. Twelve juvenile age- and size-matched inclusion body disease (IBD)-negative boas were randomly divided into three groups. Each group was inoculated intraperitoneally with 1 ml of an IBD virus (IBDV)-infected liver homogenate or 1 ml of normal boa liver homogenate (sham-inoculated control) or was left untreated. All boas were monitored for development of IBD by daily examination and serial liver biopsy over 1 year. The 4 IBDV-inoculated boas became IBDV and inclusion positive by 10 weeks postinoculation. The average size and density of inclusion bodies increased with the duration of infection. Ultrastructurally, inclusion bodies <2 microm in diameter consisted of intracytoplasmic aggregates of granular electron-dense material that were not membrane limited. Larger inclusions (3-6 microm in diameter) were characterized as membrane-bound aggregates of amorphous to granular electron-dense material admixed with membranelike fragments. The sham-inoculated and untreated control snakes did not become inclusion or IBDV positive. Direct comparison of the protein electrophoretograms of IBDV-infected and normal boa tissues demonstrated a prominent 68-kd protein band unique to infected inclusion-positive tissues. Monoclonal antibodies directed against the 68-kd protein band specifically labeled inclusion bodies. The results of this study demonstrate that IBD inclusions represent an intracytoplasmic accumulation of an antigenically distinct IBDV-associated protein.  (+info)

Luminal and systemic signals trigger intestinal adaptation in the juvenile python. (5/81)

Juvenile pythons undergo large rapid upregulation of intestinal mass and intestinal transporter activities upon feeding. Because it is also easy to do surgery on pythons and to maintain them in the laboratory, we used a python model to examine signals and agents for intestinal adaptation. We surgically isolated the middle third of the small intestine from enteric continuity, leaving its mesenteric nerve and vascular supply intact. Intestinal continuity was restored by an end-to-end anastomosis between the proximal and distal thirds. Within 24 h of the snake's feeding, the reanastomosed proximal and distal segments (receiving luminal nutrients) had upregulated amino acid and glucose uptakes by up to 15-fold, had doubled intestinal mass, and thereby soon achieved total nutrient uptake capacities equal to those of the normal fed full-length intestine. At this time, however, the isolated middle segment, receiving no luminal nutrients, experienced no changes from the fasted state in either nutrient uptakes or in morphology. By 3 days postfeeding, the isolated middle segment had upregulated nutrient uptakes to the same levels as the reanastomosed proximal and distal segments, but it still lacked any appreciable morphological response. These contrasting results for the reanastomosed intestine and for the isolated middle segment suggest that luminal nutrients and/or pancreatic biliary secretions are the agents triggering rapid upregulation of transporters and of intestinal mass and that systemic nerve or hormonal signals later trigger transporter regulation but no trophic response.  (+info)

Adenovirus hepatitis in a boa constrictor (Boa constrictor). (6/81)

A boa constrictor was submitted for postmortem evaluation. At necropsy, there were no substantial lesions except in the liver. Light microscopy revealed severe multifocal to coalescing coagulative necrotic hepatitis, with basophilic and eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions in hepatocytes within the necrotic foci. The histopathological findings suggested a viral hepatitis. An adenoviral infection was diagnosed by means of transmission electronic microscopy and in situ hybridization techniques.  (+info)

Structural flexibility of the intestine of Burmese python in response to feeding. (7/81)

The small intestine of Burmese pythons, Python molurus bivittatus, undergoes a remarkable size increase shortly after feeding. We studied the dynamics, reversibility and repeatability of organ size changes using noninvasive imaging techniques. We employed light and electron microscopy, flow cytometry and immunohistology to study the cytological mechanisms that drive the size changes of the small intestine. Within 2 days of feeding, the size of the small intestine increased to up to three times the fasting value. The size changes were fully reversible and could be elicited repeatedly by feeding. These enormous size changes were possible because the mucosal epithelium of the small intestine is a transitional epithelium that allows for considerable size changes without cell proliferation. Histological evidence suggested that a fluid pressure-pump system (lymphatic, blood pressure) was the driving force that inflated the intestinal villi. The rates of cell proliferation were not elevated immediately after feeding but peaked 1 week later when small intestine size was already declining. In contrast to the current paradigm, we suggest that the small intestine is not part of the previously proposed 'pay-before-pumping' model. Instead, the size of the python's small intestine may be upregulated without major metabolic investment. It can occur even if the individual is energetically exhausted. An evolutionary perspective of the transitional epithelium mechanism suggests superior functionality compared with the pay-before-pumping model because it allows for long periods of fasting and depletion of energy reserves, while still enabling the snake to digest prey and absorb nutrients.  (+info)

Retroviral particles in neoplasms of Burmese pythons (Python molurus bivittatus). (8/81)

Neoplastic diseases associated with retroviruses were diagnosed in four Burmese pythons (Python molurus bivattatus) from a single collection. Snake No. 1 was a 7-year-old female with recurrent undifferentiated mesenchymal round cell tumor (lymphosarcoma) of the oral cavity. At necropsy, similar neoplastic masses were evident in the uterus and ovary, and there was diffuse involvement of the spleen. Snake No. 2 was a 4.5-year-old female that was euthanatized because of complications following resection of a segmental colonic adenocarcinoma. Snake No. 3 was a 5-year-old female that was euthanatized because of a large transitional cell carcinoma of the right kidney. Snake No. 4 was a 19-year-old female that was euthanatized following recurrence of an intermandibular fibrosarcoma. Ultrastructural examination revealed few to numerous extracellular and intracellular (intravacuolar) type C-like retroviral particles in all tumors. Tumors were about 90-95 nm in diameter, with an electron-dense core and bilaminar external membrane. The relationship of the intraneoplastic viral particles to the etiology of the tumors is uncertain.  (+info)

Systemic blood pressure of Python molurus is similar to mammals and considerably higher than in most other reptiles with the exception of varanid lizards (e.g. Johansen and Burggren, 1980; Burggren and Johansen, 1982; Shelton, 1993; Hicks, 1998; Burggren et al., 1998). Pulmonary arterial pressure is, on the other hand, lower than in any other reptiles, including varanid lizards. Recordings of intraventricular pressure established that the pressure differences are generated within the heart and the contraction of the CA seemed to precede CP, although ejection of blood into the pulmonary circulation occurred before the systemic valves opened (Fig. 3). The substantial pressure separation persisted in the face of large changes in systemic blood pressure induced by sodium nitroprusside or phenylephrine (Fig. 2). Collectively, these observations suggest that the CP and the CA are completely divided during the entire duration of systole so that the cardiac physiology of Python molurus strongly ...
Fig. 1. Schematic dorso-ventral representation of the tongue of Python molurus and its extrinsic muscles. (A) Abbreviations: cbr, ceratobranchial; m, mandible; dsh, distal tongue ensheathing; ggl, m. genioglossus; hgl, m. hyoglossus; psh, proximal tongue ensheathing; sh, tongue sheet. The dental bone forms the local coordinate system of the head. Although the head is highly deformable during feeding, the lower jaws do not deform during tongue flicking. The position of the ceratobranchials is assumed to be fixed to the skull during tongue flicking (e.g. Bels et al., 1994). The mm. genioglossi and the mm. hyoglossi are able to protract and retract the tongue relative to the mandibles and ceratobranchials. Proximally on the tongue, the mm. hyoglossi are ensheathed. This tubular tongue sheet encloses the tongue distally up to the tongue tips, inverts into itself and connects to the tongue at the distal tongue ensheathing (McDowell, 1972). The outer tongue sheet is connected to the muscles and ...
As one of the 6 biggest kinds of snakes in the world, Burmese pythons can weigh up to 200 pounds and grow up to 20 feet long. The largest pythons are always female. They can grow from 13 to 20 feet while the typically smaller males grow from 8 to 17 feet. However, most Burmese pythons in general grow to a length of around 12 feet. The males and females can be distinguished by external features. In males the anal spurs on each side of the cloaca are much more developed than in females. Its unknown how long the Burmese python will live in the wild. The snakes body and its organs are long and thin. Pythons are constrictors, therefore they dont have fangs; instead, they have rearward- pointing teeth, and they are non-venomous. Snakes usually only have one thin lung. However, pythons have two, one of which is considerably smaller than the other. They lack eyelids. However, they do have a thin, protective epidermal membrane covering the eyes. The lighter-colored amelanistic form of this snake is ...
Exceptional and extreme feeding behaviour makes the Burmese python (Python bivittatus) an interesting model to study physiological remodelling and metabolic adaptation in response to refeeding after prolonged starvation. In this study, we used transcriptome sequencing of five visceral organs during fasting as well as 24h and 48h after ingestion of a large meal to unravel the postprandial changes in Burmese pythons. We first used the pooled data to perform a de novo assembly of the transcriptome and supplemented this with a proteomic survey of enzymes in the plasma and gastric fluid. |br| We constructed a high-quality transcriptome with 34,423 transcripts of which 19,713 (57%) were annotated. Among highly expressed genes (FPKM|100 in one tissue) we found the transition from fasting to digestion was associated with differential expression of 43 genes in the heart, 206 genes in the liver, 114 genes in the stomach, 89 genes in the pancreas and 158 genes in the intestine. We interrogated the function of
Burmese pythons are frequently found in or near the water, although they are capable of climbing. Occasionally, pythons are seen in the water during warm months, but most pythons are found crossing roads at night during summer and fall.. During cooler months, Burmese pythons can be found on levees along the edge of canals. On cool mornings, pythons will often lay in the edge of vegetation on the eastern side of canals; after warming up, they will move away from the edges later in the day.. Breeding takes place from January through April. In these months, females and males can be found together in the fringe of vegetation on the edge of canals with permanent water. Breeding females are typically larger than males; after laying eggs, females will guard the "nest" for weeks until hatching.. ...
Boa Constrictor, Boa constrictor Picture. Found in low and middle elevation wet and dry forests, Caribbean and Pacilic slopes; often found in open areas on the ground or in vegetation, trees, especially near human settlements.
Wang, T.; Axelsson, M.; Jensen, J.; Conlon, J.M., 2000: Cardiovascular actions of python bradykinin and substance P in the anesthetized python, Python regius
The postprandial period in Burmese pythons (Python molurus) is marked by a large increase in oxygen consumption (up to 40-fold in animals fed 25% of their body mass) and significant hypertrophy of gastrointestinal organs. Previous experiments have described a rapid (within 48 hours) and pronounced (40%) postprandial ventricular enlargement, but recent work noted the absence of cardiac hypertrophy under a similar experimental protocol, and suggests postprandial cardiac hypertrophy be considered "facultative" rather than "obligatory." We hypothesize that postprandial cardiac hypertrophy serves to augment cardiac output and oxygen delivery during a period of peak oxygen demand, and experimental reduction of arterial oxygen content should therefore stimulate more pronounced ventricular enlargement. In this study, we delivered meals equivalent to 25% of body mass to Burmese pythons and allowed them to digest under environmental normoxia, environmental hypoxia, or experimentally-induced anemia. While ...
Inclusion body disease (IBD) in the boid family of snakes, particularly Boa constrictor, has been recognized since the mid-1970s. It is so named because of the characteristic intracytoplasmic inclusions which are observed in clinical examinations in epidermal cells, oral mucosal epithelial cells, visceral epithelial cells, and neurons. In the 1970s and 1980s, the disease was most commonly observed in Burmese pythons, Python bivittatus. From the 1980s till the present day, it has been most commonly observed in boa constrictors from South America. All boid snakes should be considered susceptible to the disease. Many zoos quarantine boas specifically as a result of this high risk before introducing them into their permanent collections and (breeding) programs. While the disease has not been identified in non-boid snakes, it is yet unknown whether non-boid snakes harbour the virus. The primary host of this virus has not yet been identified, but mites are thought to be primary hosts or at least a ...
Abstract Aside from Madtsoiidae, anilioids, and Boidae that were studied previously, the middle Palaeocene of ltaborai (BraziI) has produced Ungaliophiinae ("tropidophiids"), booid-grade snakes incertae sedis, and a possible Russellophiidae (Caenophidia) that are described in the present article. This article is the third and final report on the snakes from the locality. The Ungaliophiinae (Paraungaliophis pricei gen. et sp. nov.) are rare whereas the booid-grade snakes incertae sedis (ltaboraiophis depressus gen. et sp. nov., Paulacoutophis perplexus gen. et sp. nov.) are more frequent. A single vertebra is referred to the Russellophiidae (Caenophidia) with reservation. An update of the whole fauna of snakes from ltaborai is provided. Hechtophis austrinus that was tentatively referred to the erycine Boidae is now regarded as a Boidae incertae sedis. Most snakes from Itaborai are known only from the locality. Astonishingly, only the ailioids Coniophis cf. C. precedens gives possible evidence of ...
Abstract Aside from Madtsoiidae, anilioids, and Boidae that were studied previously, the middle Palaeocene of ltaborai (BraziI) has produced Ungaliophiinae ("tropidophiids"), booid-grade snakes incertae sedis, and a possible Russellophiidae (Caenophidia) that are described in the present article. This article is the third and final report on the snakes from the locality. The Ungaliophiinae (Paraungaliophis pricei gen. et sp. nov.) are rare whereas the booid-grade snakes incertae sedis (ltaboraiophis depressus gen. et sp. nov., Paulacoutophis perplexus gen. et sp. nov.) are more frequent. A single vertebra is referred to the Russellophiidae (Caenophidia) with reservation. An update of the whole fauna of snakes from ltaborai is provided. Hechtophis austrinus that was tentatively referred to the erycine Boidae is now regarded as a Boidae incertae sedis. Most snakes from Itaborai are known only from the locality. Astonishingly, only the ailioids Coniophis cf. C. precedens gives possible evidence of ...
After looking at locomotion and musculature, they examined the relictual hindlimbs that are present in pythons. Members of various snake lineages retain pelvic girdles and hindlimb remnants*; boas and pythons possess spurs that are used in male-male combat and in courtship [Burmese python spurs shown here, visible on either side of the gaping cloaca. Photo by Joy Reidenberg, used with permission]. Embryology shows that pythons start out with hindlimb buds but that limb development is aborted as the apical ectodermal ridge - a thick epithelium rim that normally forms at the distal end of developing limb buds - fails to develop (Cohn & Tickle 1999). The spur present in an adult python is apparently a relictual femur with a cartilaginous tip that is sheathed with a claw. * Typhlopids, leptotyphlopids, anomalepidids, Anilius, Loxocemus, Cylindrophis and the many taxa traditionally grouped together in Boidae have pelvic girdles, but only leptotyphlopids, Anilius, Cylindrophis and taxa traditionally ...
The Burmese python ( Python bivittatus) has recently suffered large population declines in the wild in China due to illegal capture, overexploitation, deforestation and the loss of its natural habitat
Selecting a Snake. Before you acquire your snake, you should do some research on the particular species that you are interested in. Different species have varied husbandry and dietary requirements, physical appearance (such as length), temperaments, and environmental considerations. Some snakes, such as boa constrictors and ball pythons, have gentle and very docile temperaments. Others, such as the reticulated and Burmese pythons, are unpredictable and tend to be aggressive as they mature. Anacondas rarely adapt well to captivity. Some snakes reach very large sizes in captivity: for example, the boa constrictors and pythons can grow up to sixteen feet. It is illegal (and foolish) to house venomous/poisonous snakes unless you are an experienced herpetologist with a license from the DSE to do this. Select a snake that looks healthy and is eating regularly. Never buy a snake that looks sick, even if the price is a bargain. You will end up paying more in veterinary bills.. Housing. Aquariums and ...
Pythons can be humanely euthanized on private lands at any time with landowner permission - no permit required- and the FWC encourages people to remove pythons from private lands whenever possible. Pythons may also be taken at any time throughout the year from 22 Wildlife Management Areas, Public Small Game Hunting Areas and Wildlife and Environmental Areas where pythons are known to exist. There is no bag limit and pythons may be taken by any means other than traps or firearms (unless provided for by specific area regulations). Do not enter areas posted as "Closed to Public Access.". ...
Legal Help for Personal Property - Pets and Animals: Python Molurus is subject to a particular regulation to purchase in California? Thank
Although traditional Burmese cuisine is unique and neither similar to that of the Indians nor that of the Chinese, many foreigners easily conclude that Burmese Cuisine is somewhere between Chinese and Indian cuisine. The main reason for that is: for many foreigners, real Burmese cuisine is out of their reach because cook books on traditional Burmese cuisine are extremely rare, and very few good restaurants serve traditional Burmese meals. Thus, it is no wonder that traditional Burmese cuisine is like a closed book for many foreigners. Apart from that, there was a huge Indian immigration into Burma during the British colonial era and some Indian influences can be traced in modern Burmese cuisine even today. Since most of the modern cook books are based on "hybrid-cuisines", one cannot get the real information about traditional Burmese cuisine. Reading those books may even lead a foreigner to jump to the wrong conclusions.. To conclude, I have presented this article in the spirit of genuine good ...
Aspergillus caninus (synonym: Phialosimplex caninus) is an anamorphic fungus species associated with systemic infections in dogs that has been transferred from the genus Phialosimplex to Aspergillus. Here, we report the first case of canine A. caninus infection in Japan. A castrated Japanese Shiba Inu (6 years old; weight, 12.5 kg) was referred to the Yamaguchi University Animal Medical Center, Yamaguchi, Japan, in June 2017 showing vitality loss and depression. Computed tomography revealed iliac and splenic hilum lymphopathies, and histologic examination of an iliac lymph node by biopsy revealed granulomatous lesions with numerous oval to round yeast-like fungal cells. Aspergillus caninus was isolated from the biopsy samples, and in vitro susceptibility tests of the isolate to the antifungal drugs amphotericin B (AMB), fluconazole (FLZ), itraconazole (ITZ), voriconazole (VRZ), and micafungin (MCF) were performed by the E-test method. The isolate from this dog exhibited a minimal inhibitory ...
The Reptile Report is your one stop for the most interesting news, stories, and photos of reptiles, amphibians, and invertebrates.
A charter fishing boat captain leaving a marina for open water saw the 6-foot snake coiled in the water Thursday morning. It was lethargic, he said.
Animal Constrictor Cutouts Nature Pythons Serpentes Vertebrate: 20 assigned downloads, like Royal Python (Python regius), Super Enchi, female, Markus Theimer reptile breeding, Austria from stock-photos
The Boa constrictor is a species of large, heavy-bodied snake. It is a member of the family Boidae found in North, Central, and South America, as well as some islands in the Caribbean. A staple of private collections and public displays, its color pattern is highly variable yet distinctive. Ten … Read Article. ...
Burmese python (Python bivittatus) females are capable of making exact ZW female clones of themselves, using a mechanism that is functionally similar to but distinct from that used by obligate parthenogenetic species like the Brahminy Blindsnake. The python offspring are all females and are mostly viable, having suffered no loss of genetic information. In both boas and pythons, the sex chromosomes are monomorphic, meaning that the Z and the W chromosome are approximately equal in size and indistinguishable from one another. It has been suggested that this method of reproduction might help species circumvent limitations on lifespan and establish new populations when individuals are isolated for long periods of time, although this claim will require more evidence to evaluate because parthenogenesis has not been observed in wild boas or pythons. However, new data from molecular ecologist Warren Booth has resulted in a reinterpretation of some of the conclusions of the original description of ...
Washington, DC 20503. Dear Secretary Jewell and Administrator Shelanski,. We are writing to request that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) move quickly-and with support from OMB and the White House-to complete its ruling on large non-native constrictor snakes by issuing a final regulation listing the reticulated python, the DeSchauensees anaconda, the green anaconda, the Beni anaconda and the boa constrictor as injurious under the Lacey Act.. These snakes pose an unacceptable and preventable risk to the safety of the American people, and to some of our most treasured natural places. Since 1990, 12 people have died from encounters with "pet" constrictor snakes, including a two year old Florida girl and a three year old Illinois boy who were both strangled in their cribs. Dozens more have been injured or sickened. Further, these snakes have shown that they can adapt to, invade, and severely damaged native ecosystems, as we have seen with the Burmese pythons decimation of mammal ...
Pyke: Python Knowledge Engine Version: 1.0.4 Both forward-chaining and backward-chaining rules (which may include python code) are compiled into python. Can also automatically assemble python programs out of python functions which are attached to backward-chaining rules. COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE: This is published under the MIT License. The copyright and license are in the file "LICENSE" in the source directory. DOCUMENTATION: The complete documentation is at: http://pyke.sourceforge.net A copy of the html documentation is also included in the "doc/html" directory within the source distribution. REQUIREMENTS: Pyke requires python 2.5 or later. Check with: $ python --version You can download python at: http://www.python.org TO INSTALL: 1. Download and unzip the source distribution for the version of Python that you want to use. If you want to use Python 2.5 or 2.6, you need to use the pyke-1.0.4.zip sources. If you want to use Python 3.x, you need to use the pyke3-1.0.4.zip sources. 2. Open a ...
昨晚一時心血來潮3整理筆電硬碟之後 3順手安裝了 Python 開發環境3花了大半夜3解決掉幾個莫名所以的大小蟲子3為了備忘3把解決方案記錄於後4 安裝適合 Mac OS 版本的 XCode 在 XCode 的 Preference Panel 裏面選擇安裝 command line tools3Mac OS 10.8 搭配的 C 編譯器是 llvm gcc 4.2.1 從Python 官網下載並安裝新版的 Python (目前官網的最新版是 2.7.10 和 3.4.3》3檢查時間是 2015/06/22 ( 以及搭配 OS 與 Python 版本的 Tcl/Tk 以 easy_install 指令安裝 pip 到 Python 官網的 virtualenv 頁面下載 virtualenv.py(在此按右鍵另存新檔(3或是以 pip 指令安裝 virtualenv Mac OS 10.8 已經預安裝 Python 2.73直接執行 virtualenv ENV3就會在先行目錄下建立一個名爲 ENV 的子目錄3進入這個目錄3執行 source bin/activate3就可以啓動一個新的 Python 虛擬開發環境 如果要建立 python3 的虛擬開發環境3使用指令 ...
I live with lizards. Ive lived with snakes, too. Boa constrictors, ball, reticulated and Burmese pythons, anacondas, pine snakes, rat snakes, and more. The only reason I dont have snakes now is that I cant give them the care and attention they deserve. My lizards are demanding!. Here is an excerpt about meeting a snake from LIZARD LOVE.. "I didnt know where I could go and be okay. I walked, not caring which way I went, watching the lines of my swimsuit blur into the grass until I saw that I had come down the path where the brambles used to be.. "I stopped and held a tear between my eyelashes. It was like peering through a tiny prism. For a second I was back in the tunnel of green light, the way it used to be before Bob Ellis cut away the brambles. I squeezed out the tear and saw the snake, right there at the edge of the path.. "His neck was curved, because he had seen me and was being careful about coming out of the tall weeds. He held his head up, watching me, but I could tell that he ...
Giant pythons capable of swallowing a dog and even an alligator are rapidly making south Florida their home, potentially threatening other southeastern states, a study said. Pythons are likely to colonize anywhere alligators live, including north Florida, Georgia and Louisiana, said Frank Mazzotti, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences professor, in his two-year study. The pythons thriving in Florida are mostly Burmese pythons from Myanmar that were brought over as pets and then turned loose in the wild. From 2002-2005, 201 of the beasts were caught by state authorities, but in the last two years the number has more than doubled to 418, Mazzotti said in his study published on the university Web site. The largest python caught so far in Florida measured 16.4 feet and weighed 154 pounds. Mazzotti said the serpents, despite their awesome size, are not poisonous, but are excellent swimmers and able to cover great distances in little time. Some, trapped and released with ...
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A new study has found that native mammal populations in the Florida Everglades are--literally--being wiped out by invasive Burmese pythons. From this AP story in |a href=http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2012/01/30/MNDT1N0IJV.DTL||em|the San Francisco Chronicle|/em||/a|:|br/| _|br/| A burgeoning population of huge pythons - many of them pets that were turned loose by their owners when they became too big - appears to be wiping out raccoons, opossums, bobcats and other mammals in the Everglades, a study found. The study, published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that sightings of medium-size mammals are down dramatically - as much as 99 percent, in some cases - in areas where pythons and other large, nonnative constrictor snakes are known to be lurking._
Conventional wisdom held that pythons and anacondas suffocate their prey. Instead, the predators cut off their victims blood supply, a new study says.
The Gold Ring Burmese Danio is a very attractive fish that is sure to add personality to any community freshwater aquarium. Boasting a silver-gold body and spotted pattern that stretches from the gill to the end of the tail. Gold Ring Burmese Danios are found in a variety of habitats, ranging from fast-moving streams to slow-moving, nearly stagnant ponds. In the home aquarium, this member of the Cyprinidae family prefers a well-planted aquarium with large, open areas for swimming. House the Gold Ring Burmese Danio in an aquarium of at least 10 gallons or larger aquascaped with live plants, rocks and driftwood. Darker substrate will help bring out best coloration. For best care, keep this peaceful fish in small schools with equally non-aggressive fish. The Gold Ring Burmese Danio is a highly active swimmer, especially when kept in small schools, so additional water flow provided by a powerhead will be greatly appreciated. Male Danios are generally more torpedo shaped, while females tend to have a ...
So ten years ago I spent a lot of time - hours stretching in nights - in the waiting room of the Animal Medical Center on East 68th street in Manhattan. I spent enough time there to learn the painful curvature of the plastic chairs and to get friendly with other vigilant pet-owners, and their animals. I met a small girl and her rabbit, named Whitey. Whitey had stomach cancer. A young man, who always sat at the farthest possible distance from everyone else in the waiting room, had a boa constrictor with a strep throat. I asked him how, initially, he was able to tell that his boa constrictor was unwell. I forget his exact words, but the gist was that it was obvious to him as Brunos discomfort was to me. In that waiting room I saw parrots, gerbils, and dogs and cats of every size and permutation. One morning a team of photographers from PEOPLE magazine showed up to do a shoot on the range of exotic animals and their equally exotic owners. Bruno, a Springer spaniel, and I did not qualify as exotic ...
This dialogue has not moved me past my open-mouthed admiration at the size of python eggs (larger than an old-fashioned meat ball) as well as the 87 eggs this 164.5-pound 17 ft. 7 in. female developed in the three months she was tracked. In comparison, an average clutch of eggs for Burmese pythons is 40, according to Robert H. Robins, senior biologist at the Florida Museum of Natural History. Just one more thing about the pythons that Robins explained: "The eggs are tended by the female, who surrounds them with her coils. ..[and] may employ shivering thermogenesis to regulate the temperature of the clutch of eggs. Upon hatching, the young and female part ways." This female, according to USGS sources, was recaptured and removed before she laid her eggs.. Is studying pythons useful?. The python was tracked with microtransmitter devices that recorded everything she did. In science, knowledge is power. Revkin reports details from Kristen M. Hart, a research ecologist with the survey: "The female ...
Teulu o nadroedd anwenwynig syn darwasgu eu hysglyfaeth ywr peithoniaid (Pythonidae). Maent yn byw yn ardaloedd trofannol ac isdrofannol Asia, Affrica ac Oceania. Maer mwyafrif ohonynt yn fawr ac yn gorffdrwm.. Ynghynt, cafodd y peithoniaid eu hystyried yn is-deulu (Pythoninae) o fewn teulur boaod (Boidae), gan yr oeddent i gyd yn nadroedd gwasgu. Y brif wahaniaeth rhwng y dau deulu ywr modd maent yn esgor ar eu hepil: anifeiliaid bywesgorol ywr mwyafrif o foaod, tra bor peithoniaid i gyd yn dodwy. Ymdorchar fam beithon am ei hwyau, ac mae ambell rhywogaeth yn deor.[1]. Byw maer peithoniaid ar y ddaear ac yn y coed. Ymgynhelir rhywogaethau daeardrig ger y dŵr: nofwyr cryf ydynt, ond ar y ddaear maent yn hela a bwyta. Mae ambell rhywogaeth, megis y peithon gwyrdd (Awstralia a Gini Newydd), yn treulio bron ei holl oes yn y coed ar llwyni. Mamaliaid ac adar yw ysglyfaeth y peithoniaid mawrion. Mae rhywogaethau llai o faint yn bwyta amffibiaid ac ymlusgiaid. Mae ganddynt synnwyr arogleuo ...
This is impart due to Umwelts working methods, which rely in a simple set-up straight from the machines to tape in one take, while negating any unnecessary influence from things like style, genre or trend. Hes released almost exclusively on his own labels, Shelter, Fundata, New Flesh and its sub-label Rave or Die; each its own little extension of his creative template, rooted in Electro, but often drifts over to Techno, Rave and even ambient moments as heard on New Flesh. These might be different styles of music, but they are all inexorably chained to the artistic voice behind them in textures and palettes that brood and glower from the darkest corners of the dance floor. Boidae and KilleKill label head Nico Deuster has been drawn to Umwelt and these darker corners since 1999s City 12" and when Deuster booked the DJ for his Krake Festival he also learned a new truth: Umwelt often plays unreleased dubplates (cut from his own machine) during his set. It suggested a wealth of unreleased ...
Hello. I have been trying to get apache and mod_python working with Debian. Using the mod_python manual, I have attempted to copy the exact mptest given in the manual to make sure that mod_python is working. Here is what I have in my httpd.conf: ,Directory /var/www/darthik, AddHandler mod_python .py PythonHandler mptest PythonDebug On ,/Directory, I am using the exact mptest.py from the manual: from mod_python import apache def handler(req): req.write(Hello World!) return apache.OK However, each time I go to http://localhost/darthik/mptest.py it simply asks me to save,cancel, or open the file, instead of HelloWorld showing up in my browser. Information from the apache logs: Apache/2.0.48 (Debian GNU/Linux) mod_python/3.0.4 Python/2.3.3 I have also tried to get it working with Apache 1.3.29 with the same problem occurring. I am confused at what could be the issue... Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks. -- Donnie -------------- next part -------------- A non-text attachment was ...
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On Aug. 10, 2012, researchers at the Florida Museum of Natural History on the University of Florida campus examine the internal anatomy of the largest Burmese python found in Florida to date. The 17-foot-7-inch snake weighed 164 pounds and carried 87 eggs in its oviducts, a state record. Following scientific investigation, the snake will be mounted for exhibition at the museum for about five years, and then returned for exhibition at Everglades National Park. Pictured are Rebecca Reichart (from left), Leroy Nunez, Nicholas Coutu, Claudia Grant and Kenneth Krysko ...
The fatty acids that course through the blood of Burmese pythons after they eat trigger the snakes heart to swell in size, a finding that may have implications for battling human heart disease, according to researchers at the University of Colorado.
A double record-setting Burmese python has been found in the Florida Everglades. At 17 feet, 7 inches (5.3 meters) in length, it is the largest snake of its kind found in the state and it was carrying a record 87 eggs. Scientists say the finding highlights how dangerously comfortable the invasive species has become in its new home. (LiveScience) ...
Thomas Aycock's life flashed before his eyes one night in the Everglades as a 13-foot Burmese python squeezed his arm and a leg in its coils. Aycock, who was trying to bag the snake by himself, still recalls feeling its tail across his back."I knew what it was doing, it was going for my throat
News from Florida about disappearing opossums, raccoons and deer resulting from hungry Burmese pythons is alarming. The same is true for foxes and rabbits. The
Specific dynamic action or Thermic effect of food, or TEF in shorthand, is the amount of energy expenditure above the resting metabolic rate due to the cost of processing food for use and storage. Simply, its the energy used in digestion, absorption and distribution of nutrients.. ...
It is not hard to spot an albino snake, but is it hard to care for one?. I was in my local pet store with my sister one day when I noticed an albino python named Butterscotch. Butterscotch is not actually for sale, but is on display for others to look out. This made me wonder why I have always seen albino snakes in the zoo or at the aquarium, yet I have never heard of a person owning an albino reptile. Are they more difficult to care for? Do they have very sensitive diets? I did some research, and here is what I found out.. For starters, an albino reptile is a reptile that is born with a genetic abnormality known as albinism. Albinism is when there is a lack of pigment, or coloring, in the body and eyes of the animal. The most common snake breeds to have albinism are corn snakes and Burmese pythons. Typically, albinism results in an animal that is all white in color, but it can have other colors such as off-white and yellow. The eyes can turn red in color, and some albino snakes have poor ...
The Burmese python is the most widely known of these invaders, and this giant snake appears to have contributed to drastic declines among several species of midsized mammals in the Everglades. However, other large predatory species including the Argentine tegu and Northern African Python are also established in southern Florida, and the potential impacts of these species are not widely understood.. FORT scientists are conducting research on a range of detection and control tools for invasive reptiles in Florida, including environmental DNA sampling methods, trap development and field testing, and validation of visual searching efficacy. Scientists are also conducting basic ecological research to better understand impacts of these invasive predators and to identify ecological or behavioral vulnerabilities that can be exploited by control tools.. Return to Invasive Species Science ...
The largest subspecies of Indian python, and one of the 6 largest snakes in the world, the Burmese python has an average length of 12 feet (3.7 meters), but has been found at lengths of up to 19 feet (5.8 meters) and of course there have been many exaggerated claims.. ...
The largest subspecies of Indian python, and one of the 6 largest snakes in the world, the Burmese python has an average length of 12 feet (3.7 meters), but has been found at lengths of up to 19 feet (5.8 meters) and of course there have been many exaggerated claims.. ...
When he arrived on the scene near Johnson Street and US 27, Officer Joey Cabrera found a 12-and-a-half foot long Burmese python. Pythons are considered an invasive species and a threat to Florida wildlife, pets and even children. A number of institutional investors and hedge funds have recently added to or reduced their stakes in the business. The conglomerate reported $0.29 earnings per share (EPS) for the quarter, missing the consensus estimate of $0.49 by ($0.20). 258,269 are held by Sva Plumb Wealth Mngmt Lc. Peak Financial Management Inc. raised its holdings in General Electric by 0.3% in the 2nd quarter. Csx Corp now has $52.88B valuation. Reynders Mcveigh Capital Mngmt Limited Liability Corp reported 12,456 shares.. General Electric Company (NYSE:GE) now has a Weekly Volatility of 2.54% percent while its Monthly Volatility is at 1.76% percent. First Bancorp Of Omaha has 1.15% invested in General Electric Company (NYSE:GE). Ngam Advsr LP holds 0.02% or 41,241 shares. Deutsche State Bank Ag ...
John Yettaw, just back from his Burmese prison odyssey, explains how he unwittingly created an international diplomatic crisis.How was a retired bus driver from Missouri able to make a flipper-clad, two-kilometer swim to the heavily guarded house of Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung Sang Suu Kyi, one of the worlds most famous dissidents? While John Yettaw languished in Burmese jail during his trial for "illegal swimming," all we could do is speculate. But now, in an exclusive interview with NEWSWEEK, Yettaw has offered an explanation: Burmese security officials let him. "I dont know why they didnt stop me," he says. "The man with the AK-47 shook my hand and let me in."In his first full-length interview, conducted by telephone from his home in central Missouri, Yettaw addressed the rationale for his undiplomatic dip, responding to critics and speaking at length about his commitment to Burma. "I want to free Myanmar. I want to stop the suffering there. I am antijunta. I will never be at peace, ...
Health, ...As many as 3.2 million Burmese are estimated to be affected by the dev...We estimate that 20 percent of the population in the four affected adm...According to the calculations the Ayeyarwady region was hardest hit ...Major health threats for cyclone survivors include waterborne diseases...,Estimated,3.2,million,Burmese,potentially,affected,by,cyclone,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The improvement of tribological performance of engineering components is becoming increasingly relevant in the quest for safer, environmentally friendly, efficient systems for a number of applications, including power generation plants, massive public transportation and military equipment, among others. Besides monitoring the operating conditions and performing timely maintenance tasks, the selection and design of the proper structure (from the mesoscale to the nanoscale) of the surfaces involved plays a crucial role in achieving optimal performance in terms of friction coefficients and wear rates. This presentation will discuss how specific microstructural and topographical features of the surface are responsible for improved tribological response in a number of pairs including Ti6Al4V alloy-UHMWPE for total hip replacements and steel-steel for roller bearings. The modifications performed on the surfaces were based on the textural features of shed skin of python regius and red tail boa snakes, ...
Nearly every day, we read about problems caused by invaders like the emerald ash borer killing trees across New York, West Nile virus killing people across the United State (1,499 so far), zebra mussels clogging water intakes and changing the Great Lakes and Hudson River ecosystems and Burmese pythons eating everything in the Everglades.
Nearly every day, we read about problems caused by invaders like the emerald ash borer killing trees across New York, West Nile virus killing people across the United State (1,499 so far), zebra mussels clogging water intakes and changing the Great Lakes and Hudson River ecosystems and Burmese pythons eating everything in the Everglades. ...
A recent report states that the Everglades are rife with Burmese pythons, and that these snakes are endangering small and some large game populations. Who let the snakes out?
Hepatozoon garnhami n. comb. was redescribed from Schokari sand snakes (Psammophis schokari) collected from Riyadh city in Saudi Arabia. Gametocytes were found in the peripheral blood of 2 of 15 snakes examined. Based on the similar morphological and morphometric characteristics, the same host and a similar host habitat environment, it can be concluded for the first time that the present species is conspecific with Haemogregarina garnhami previously reported from Psammophis shokari aegyptius. To further characterize this parasite, the partial 18S rRNA gene was amplified and sequenced. The sequence analysis also showed that Haemogregarina garnhami should be reassigned into the genus Hepatozoon as Hepatozoon garnhami which has 99.5% (859/863 bp) sequence similarity to Hepatozoon ayorgbor, infecting the erythrocytes of Python regius in Ghana. Phylogenetic analysis showed that H. garnhami formed a mixed clade with Hepatozoon spp. from geckos, snakes and rodents and ophidian Hepatozoon spp. did not ...
Al Mercado, Ranger Supervisor for the National Park Service, left, U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla., second from left, Ron Bergeron, member of the Florida Wildife Commission, third from left, and Ken Salazar, right, U.S. Interior Secretary, hold a 13-foot Burmese Python during a news conference in...
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Comments about the green tree pythons at the Fort Worth Zoo. Currently, there is one female green tree python on exhibit at the zoo. The zoo has a male and a female on loan to a zoo in Florida. The zoo in Florida is attempting to breed the snakes with some of their pythons. Reptile keeper, Bill Jacobs, is excited about the loan program but is ready to have the pythons back. He said that the green tree python is one of the most popular exhibits in the herpetarium; not to mention that it is one of his personal favorites. The snakes should be reunited in the spring and visitors to the zoo should expect a wonderful exhibit. All three of the pythons at the zoo are from New Guinea. They are all young adults and are about 1.6 m long. They usually eat one large meal once a month. Mr. Jacobs said that they like the exhibit to be humid and that they are very active at night. He said it is one of the most asked about and loved snakes at the zoo. He said that he is excited about the upcoming exhibit and has ...
PyIMSL - http://www.roguewave.com/products/imsl-numerical-libraries/pyimsl-studio.aspx -- PyIMSL is a collection of Python wrappers to the mathematical and statistical algorithms in the IMSL C Numerical Library. PyIMSL offers a quality Python interface to the largest collection of portable statistical and analytical algorithms available for Python. Developers can use Python, PyIMSL and the IMSL C Library for rapid prototyping. They can then directly deploy the Python application into production or if they choose to rewrite the application in C/C++ use the same math and stats algorithms in both development environments. PyIMSL Studio is a packaged, supported and documented development environment designed for deploying mathematics and statistics prototype models into production applications. PyIMSL Studio includes the Python language distribution and contains both open source and proprietary components that create a fully supported and documented platform for analytic prototyping and production ...
PyIMSL - http://www.roguewave.com/products/imsl-numerical-libraries/pyimsl-studio.aspx -- PyIMSL is a collection of Python wrappers to the mathematical and statistical algorithms in the IMSL C Numerical Library. PyIMSL offers a quality Python interface to the largest collection of portable statistical and analytical algorithms available for Python. Developers can use Python, PyIMSL and the IMSL C Library for rapid prototyping. They can then directly deploy the Python application into production or if they choose to rewrite the application in C/C++ use the same math and stats algorithms in both development environments. PyIMSL Studio is a packaged, supported and documented development environment designed for deploying mathematics and statistics prototype models into production applications. PyIMSL Studio includes the Python language distribution and contains both open source and proprietary components that create a fully supported and documented platform for analytic prototyping and production ...
Sorry if I wasnt clear, but the problem is quite complex from my point of view and I have problems to express it clearly. Le dim 28/03/2004 à 07:33, David Abrahams a écrit : , Pierre Barbier de Reuille ,pierre.barbier at cirad.fr, writes: , , , I have a problem with the boost::python::object contruction. Id want to , , know if there is a way to automate the retrieval of the existing Python , , object when I hold a Pointer on the C++ base class and that the class is , , extended in Python. Heres an example of what I do now : , , , , ,snip big example with no mention of boost::python::object, , , , , ====================== , , , , All the equality tests fails because the other in detected as a Base , , object and not a Derived object !!! , , detected where? When a function returns a base class pointer, there is a mechanism to detect the dynamic type of the pointer (whether its the base class or any Derived class exported in Python). But if you just construct a boost::python::object from a ...
Here I just repost a statement from Michael ([EMAIL PROTECTED]) concerning his workflow product (http://www.vivtek.com/wftk.html, Open-source workflow toolkit). Maybe its useful for some further developments. Best regards Arno Gross, [EMAIL PROTECTED] , Re: Workflow, Python and Zope , Posted By: Michael ,[EMAIL PROTECTED], , Date: Tuesday, 19 September 2000, at 10:08 p.m. , , In Response To: Workflow, Python and Zope (Arno Gross) , , , As Josh already mentioned there is Zope and Python. Currently there is a , , discussion thread in the Zope mailing list , , (http://lists.zope.org/pipermail/zope-dev) and in egroups: , , http://www.egroups.com/messagesearch/zope?query=Workflow, discussing , , Generic Workflow. I am convinced that it would be a great shift to build a , , Workflow product on Zope with Python. There is already a small basis of a , , workflow, but maybe we could pull together the resources. , , , Arno Gross [EMAIL PROTECTED] , , Actually, Im currently learning Python. As Python is ...
We have been teaching game programming using python in my school district for a few years now. We started out using python programming for the absolute beginner. It was good, but didnt use pygame and was mostly text based until the last 2 chapters. Another book for reference is Game Programming: The L Line, The Express Line to Learning. We also wanted to use OOP and at the time that was not in either, or we didnt like the format. We now use our own material we put together from numerous texts, and from some members of the local python meetup group who have donated their time and expertise. Its been great! Good luck to you! Pat ________________________________ From: Passiday ,passiday at gmail.com, To: python-list at python.org Sent: Tue, April 19, 2011 5:42:00 PM Subject: Teaching Python Hello, I am planning to teach Python to a group of high school students, who have in-depth interest in programming, hacking etc. I am looking for some good material, what I could use as a basic guide when ...
A healthy ball may be tricked into eating in a couple of different ways:. Provide a dark hidebox for it - an inverted flower pot with a hole in it, a cardboard box, half log, hollow log section, ceramic cave - whatever works. It is okay if the snakes body touches all the sides when it is inside - they feel more secure this way. Dangle killed prey (use forceps) in front of it.. Feed at night, not during the day. These are nocturnal snakes and may be uncomfortable feeding during the day.. If it takes the prey but wont eat, or wont take it, drop the mouse inside, and swathe the enclosure with towels to block the snake from seeing anybody or anything and leave it alone for 24 hours.. If gerbils are legal in your state, try feeding stunned, then killed gerbils. If it takes them, start rubbing killed mice on gerbils to scent them, and offer the mice (a killed gerbil can be used repeatedly if kept frozen and defrosted when needed for scenting). Try hamsters if you cant get gerbils.. Try ...
Specializing in high end red tail boa constrictor morphs we are dedicated to responsible captive breeding, exceptional care, and the production of investment quality boas.
Synonyms for Constrictor constrictor in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Constrictor constrictor. 1 synonym for Constrictor constrictor: boa constrictor. What are synonyms for Constrictor constrictor?
Python brongersmai, commonly known as Brongersmas short-tailed python, the blood python, or the red short-tailed python, is a species of python, a nonvenomous snake endemic to the Malay Peninsula. The specific name, brongersmai, is in honor of Dutch herpetologist Leo Brongersma. P. brongersmai is found in peninsular (Western) Malaysia, Sumatra east of the central dividing range of mountains, Bangka Island and other islands in the Strait of Malacca, including the Lingga Islands, Riau islands, and Pinang. and Thailand. The natural habitat of P. brongersmai is often marshes and tropical swamps. P. brongersmai is a primarily crepuscular species - usually active around dawn and dusk. Hatchlings of P. brongersmai range from 25-43 cm (10-17 in) in total length (including tail). Adult males typically range from 91-152 cm (36-60 in) in total length, and females between 120-180 cm (48-72 in) although a few have been recorded at 240 cm (96 in). These snakes generally look overweight due to their robust ...
im still learning to ride mine. i dont have a trike to play with. im trying to work out a set of training wheels that can be unbolted later but have not had time. its very frustrating to not be able to ride the bike i built. Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one. Einstein --- On Fri, 7/30/10, Pekka Pitkänen ,[email protected], wrote: From: Pekka Pitkänen ,[email protected], Subject: [python] Re: New python from Finland To: [email protected] Date: Friday, July 30, 2010, 1:49 PM Thanks Torben and Rhisiart! Today I made a new wooden seat which feels very promising! A few pics are waiting to upload to the blog. Gonna have a test ride this evening. There have been discussions in Finnish forum how to get over from the first embarrassing meters which eat gloves very much, some use short sticks, others wonder would it be reasonable to use stabilising side wheels or use roller skates (or similar) in hands. I wonder how fast that kind of a training back end will be seen in ...
Memory management in Python involves a private heap containing all Python objects and data structures. The management of this private heap is ensured internally by the Python memory manager. The Python memory manager has different components which deal with various dynamic storage management aspects, like sharing, segmentation, preallocation or caching.. At the lowest level, a raw memory allocator ensures that there is enough room in the private heap for storing all Python-related data by interacting with the memory manager of the operating system. On top of the raw memory allocator, several object-specific allocators operate on the same heap and implement distinct memory management policies adapted to the peculiarities of every object type. For example, integer objects are managed differently within the heap than strings, tuples or dictionaries because integers imply different storage requirements and speed/space tradeoffs. The Python memory manager thus delegates some of the work to the ...
Dufour, L. 1831. Descriptions et figures de quelques Arachnides nouvelles ou mal connues et procédé pour conserver à sec ces Invertébrés dans les collections. Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris, Zool. 22: 369, pl. 11, f. 5 ...
1.in burmese cats brown coat color is dominant to tan coat. brown coat is a highly prized trait in burmese. you have a, Hire Biology Expert, Ask Academics Expert, Assignment Help, Homework Help, Textbooks Solutions
The United Nations and overseas Burmese groups say upward of 10,000 refugees and hundreds of ethnic Kokang fighters are in southern China, presenting a logistical headache for the central government in Beijing.. In the past, Beijing has played down political, social and human-rights problems raised by the West, contending that these were internal Burmese issues that didnt affect regional stability or Chinas national interest. This stance may be harder to maintain now that the problem has washed over into Chinese territory.. ...
The modern Burmese breed has roots muddled in history. It is generally believed that Burmese are a man made breed descending from the crossbreeding of a Siamese and an ancient ...
The Reptile Report is your one stop for the most interesting news, stories, and photos of reptiles, amphibians, and invertebrates.
Do you count the scull as a single bone? Because it consists of many little interconnected bones. Frontals, parietals, nasals, premaxillae, maxillae, dentaries, palatines, pterygoids, vomers etc. Reptilian sculls have many more bones than mammalian ones ...
Note: Minor proofreading and updating of some links has been applied. Original pictures are currently unobtainable. If any member has relevant pictures...
As much as this topic comes up, Im sure this guide will prove itself useful. Enjoy! https://ball-pythons.net/forums/cache.php?img=http%3A%2F%2Fi.imgur.com%2F98qfzDH.png
Data for Giant Constrictors: Biological and Management Profiles and an Establishment Risk Assessment for Nine Large Species of Pythons, Anacondas, and the Boa Constrictor
Hi Glyph , The fork does some other things though, and its hard to say which one is , affecting the execution of your program, especially since PyLucene is doing , a bunch of things at the machine-code level which are highly surprising to , Python programmers. Im too old to be highly surprised any more, and Im barely a Python programmer... :-) , Have you tried running strace on this process yet? No, I hadnt, thanks. Running ktrace sheds a little light on things. The final output before it writes the core file is: 7826 Python CALL write(0x2,0xbfff971f,0x18) 7826 Python GIO fd 2 wrote 24 bytes thread_get_state failed 7826 Python RET write 24/0x18 7826 Python CALL sigprocmask(0x3,0xbfff9b08,0) 7826 Python RET sigprocmask 0 7826 Python CALL kill(0x1e92,0x6) 7826 Python RET kill 0 7826 Python PSIG SIGABRT SIG_DFL 7826 Python NAMI /cores/core.7826 Nothing fails before that. The thread_get_state failed\n message does not appear in the twisted server log. The kill is an abort to this ...
Herpetologist Frank Indiviglio discusses recent research involving Inclusion Body Disease (IBD) also known as Stargazing in reptiles and the possibility of vaccines for the disease on that reptile blog.
A herpesvirus was isolated from captive cranes involved in a 1978 die-off. Neutralizing antibody to this virus was detected in this captive population as early as 1975 and consistently thereafter through 1979. Exposure to the virus evidently occurred at least 2 1/2 years before the die-off, without causing any mortality diagnosed as being caused by inclusion body disease of cranes (IBDC). Overcrowding and environmental conditions in 1978 may have contributed to the deaths of certain species of cranes in one area and not in another. Mortality ratios and serological data suggest that crane species vary in their response to IBDC virus....
A mysterious mad snake disease that induces bizarre drunken behavior in pythons and boa constrictors and gets them to tie themselves into knots may be caused by an entirely new class of virus microbiologists have recently identified.
Researchers are studying pythons to learn more about their hearts ability to expand during digestion. They say the process behind their ballooning heart may help people with cardiovascular disease.. ...
I am presently attempting to make the setup.exe installer more robust for windows 10 and either enthought canopy or anaconda and allowing launch either of nrniv or python that allows "import neuron". Issues that have recently arisen are that windows10 + enthought seems to require a full path to load the nrnmech.dll . In some environments c:/nrn/bin/libstd++-6.dll needs to be copied to c:/nrn/lib/python/neuron in order for a launch of python to successfully import neuron. And under some circumstances, when the user chooses to create some DOS environement variables for PYTHONPATH, the dos format can interfere with the ability of a launch of python to import neuron ...
Can I house more than one boa in the same enclosure?. This is one of the most often asked questions that I receive. I will first say that I believe that DIFFERENT species of snakes should NEVER be housed together, such as a boa and a ball python. The chance for disease spread, including IBD, are too risky. It has also been my opinion over the years that If you cannot afford a second enclosure, then you cannot afford a second boa. Although this sounds very harsh it is actually based on a lot of experience and feedback.. It has never been a question of CAN two snakes exist in one enclosure.... It is done all the time. Healthy baby boas can be raised together for a long time, often without incident. BUT it is WHEN something happens that you need the extra enclosure. And IF you are 100% on top of every husbandry issue, these 2 snakes could live 20 years, have 300 babies (if male and female ,) and never have a health related issue. You know... "And they lived happily ever after". However, in the ...
Explain Pythons pass by references Vs pass by value . (or) Explain about Pythons parameter passing mechanism?. Answer:. In Python, by default, all the parameters (arguments) are passed "by reference" to the functions. Thus, if you change the value of the parameter within a function, the change is reflected in the calling function.We can even observe the pass "by value" kind of a behaviour whenever we pass the arguments to functions that are of type say numbers, strings, tuples. This is because of the immutable nature of them.. ...
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Introduction to Data Science in Python from University of Michigan. This course will introduce the learner to the basics of the python programming environment, including how to download and install python, expected fundamental python programming ...
[email protected] ~]$ mkvirtualenv py3test. New python executable in /home/djuser/.virtualenvs/py3test/bin/python2. Also creating executable in /home/djuser/.virtualenvs/py3test/bin/python. Installing setuptools, pip, wheel...done.. virtualenvwrapper.user_scripts creating /home/djuser/.virtualenvs/py3test/bin/predeactivate. virtualenvwrapper.user_scripts creating /home/djuser/.virtualenvs/py3test/bin/postdeactivate. virtualenvwrapper.user_scripts creating /home/djuser/.virtualenvs/py3test/bin/preactivate. virtualenvwrapper.user_scripts creating /home/djuser/.virtualenvs/py3test/bin/postactivate. virtualenvwrapper.user_scripts creating /home/djuser/.virtualenvs/py3test/bin/get_env_details. (py3test) [[email protected] ~]$ lssitepackages. easy_install.py pip pkg_resources setuptools-40.0.0.dist-info wheel-0.31.1.dist-info. easy_install.pyc pip-10.0.1.dist-info setuptools wheel. (py3test) [[email protected] ~]$ mkdir pippackage. (py3test) [[email protected] ~]$ pip installl paramiko --download ...
Hi is the întent of this to run exisitng python code from Aras or to enhance aras programatically with python I have a potential aras &python project I would like to discuss ...
Ive been wondering this. Would you rather get bit by an alligator or snake? Alligator: Will most likely rip your limbs off, and the pain is much worse from it. You will probably die due to bleeding to death. Snake: Preferably a highly deadly snake, like a black mamba, a boa constrictor, or whatever you want. (Make it deadly, not one that just bites with no venom) You will probably die from venom in a couple of minutes/hours. I honestly dont know. Id flip a coin to see which one. Id
The hemoglobins of three snake species: Liophis miliaris, Bothrops alternatus and Boa constrictor present a single ATP binding site per tetramer. The ATP association constant values for the deoxyhemoglobins at pH 7.5 were about K-D congruent to 10(6) M(-1) (10(7) M(-1) for B. contrictor), three to four orders of magnitude higher than the respective values for oxyhemoglobin of about K-O congruent to 10(2) M(-1). The deoxyhemoglobin constant values markedly decrease as a function of pH, becoming, at pH 8.5, about K-D congruent to 10(3) M(-1) whereas for the oxyhemoglobin the constants remain of about the same, K-O congruent to 10(2) M(-1), at the pH range studied. The high ATP binding affinity constants, compared to those of human hemoglobin A, were explained from a molecular structural standpoint, considering L. miliaris hemoglobin, whose complete primary sequence is known. Two distinct aminoacid residue differences were found in the beta-chain, one being Trp (NA3) (more hydrophobic) in the snake ...
A poor social worker was asked to measure the length of a boa constrictor to ascertain how many people would be needed to move the blessed thing, one of our writers heard this week.. The RSPCA told the social worker that it would require one person per four foot of snake to move the reptile and could the social worker indicate how long it was so they knew how many RSPCA members were needed for the job in hand.. It had not occurred to us here at Community Care towers that it would fall to social workers to look after the pets of service users should they need to go into hospital.. "Oh yes, theres quite often the Friday afternoon cat," a social worker told our reporter ...
This week on Car Talk, Josh let a boa constrictor get loose in his wifes Fusion. In the ensuing snake hunt, he removed just about every bit of the cars interior. Now, after putting it all back together, hes got a few pieces left over. Will a few missing parts make such a big difference? Elsewhere, Larrys got a minor problem with a sticky throttle, but may be in more trouble over his choice of an engagement ring; and, Debs so worried about her Camrys jingling sound that shes waited a full year to tell anyone about it. Also, Mollys having a tough time teaching her daughter to drive after a garage mishap, but is Mollys daughter the problem or is it Molly? And, its a happy day for Tommy: The venerable Dodge Dart is back! All this, and lots more, this week on Car Talk ...
See the colorful, comical, and creepy characters of the reptile and amphibian kingdom as youve never seen them before. The emperor newt, boa constrictor, prairie king snake, panther chameleon, poison dart frog, and many others come to life in eye-popping stereoscopic detail and dazzling color in this foolproof 3-d viewing experience. Complete with lenses conveniently bound into the front cover at precisely the right viewing distance, Amphibians & Reptiles in 3-d lets viewers safely observe these intriguing creatures as they crawl, hop, and slither right off the page. This image is presented in the parallel viewing format.. ...
See the colorful, comical, and creepy characters of the reptile and amphibian kingdom as youve never seen them before. The emperor newt, boa constrictor, prairie king snake, panther chameleon, poison dart frog, and many others come to life in eye-popping stereoscopic detail and dazzling color in this foolproof 3-d viewing experience. Complete with lenses conveniently bound into the front cover at precisely the right viewing distance, Amphibians & Reptiles in 3-d lets viewers safely observe these intriguing creatures as they crawl, hop, and slither right off the page. This image is presented in the parallel viewing format.. ...
Indoor zoo in the centre of Oslo with more than 100 animals, including boa constrictors, grass snakes, geckos, chameleons, lizards, a poison...
Police in Arizona said they arrested a man who allegedly tried to steal exotic reptiles including albino boa constrictors by shoving them into his pants.
Chikungunya virus is an emerging arbovirus of significant human-health concern. Little is known about its sylvatic cycle, including whether ectothermic vertebrates are permissive to infection. In this study, individuals from ten species of reptiles and amphibians were inoculated with chikungunya virus and samples of blood were tested to characterize viremia and seroconversion. Viremia was not detected in cane toads, house geckos, or American alligators, but most of the green iguanas, red-eared sliders, ball and Burmese pythons, leopard frogs, Texas toads, and garter snakes developed viremia. Peak virus titers in serum of up to 4.5, 4.7, and 5.1 log10 plaque-forming units per milliliter were observed for garter snakes, ball pythons, and Texas toads, respectively. These results add to those of other studies that have suggested a possible role for ectothermic vertebrates in the ecology of arbovirus maintenance and transmission in nature.
In silk, dot, satin and even velvet, emerald green knows no bounds and all textures are betting on it. By day, opt for shirts and blouses in this striking color combined with jeans or trousers in beige or tan. Do not hesitate to take few Super Skinny in emerald green and try daring and colorful combinations. Add an extra freshness to your look with one in spotless white jeans. For evening, bet on piped skirts or leggings of glossy black contrasted with this elegant color. Of course, the bicolor trend for the night party is none other than the emerald green color with the most glamorous glitter: gold.. But do not just go for the emerald green for your clothes because the jewelry also points to this trend: the green gemstones take over the famous moment. Since Angelina Jolie gave the step of combining splendid emerald earrings with a sophisticated black dress, there have been many actresses and singers who have followed in her footsteps: Blake Lively, Irina Shayk, Taylor Swift and Kim Kardashian ...
Some people ask this question when they see a snake in the water. Unfortunately, many people assume all snakes in the water are cottonmouths and kill them "just in case." Along with sharks and bats, snakes are among the most misunderstood and mistreated animals on earth. Yes, some species of snakes, including the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus), also known as the water moccasin, are venomous and therefore a potential danger. However, of the 32 snake species native to Tennessee, only 4 are venomous all others are completely harmless. Among the 28 harmless nonvenomous snakes, water snakes (Nerodia and Regina species) and eastern hognose snakes (Heterodon platirhinos) are often unfortunate victims of mistaken identity thought to be cottonmouths. This brochure was developed to highlight the differences between water snakes, hognose snakes, and cottonmouths with the hope that familiarity with these snakes will prevent further unnecessary killing of snakes. ...
Tak province in the western region and Ranong province in the southern region are the 2 top 10 provinces of Thailand with malaria incidence in 2013. Most of the patients included in the study were Burmese, and the prevalence rate of P. vivax infection was found to be higher than P. falciparum infection with the ratio 1.5:1. The overall prevalence rate of thalassemia hemoglobinopathy in this group of populations was 36.7%. The most prevalent type Hb E (18.8%) is a common abnormal hemoglobin form of thalassemia which is distributed in Mediterranean, East Asia, India subcontinent, and Southeast Asia [16]. Hb E carriers in Thai (10-60%) and Burmese (11.4-60%) populations have been reported to vary markedly depending on the areas of investigation [17]. Results of the present study showed that Hb E is the most predominant form of thalassemia with prevalence rates of 2/12 (16.7%) and 17/89 (19.1%) in Thai and Burmese malaria patients, respectively. This was consistent with that previously observed in ...
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The emerald ash borer has more effective dispersal than any invasive forest insect weve yet had to face, and attacks all of the ash species in our region (white, black, and green ash). And there is not yet strong evidence that any individuals of particular ash species have immunity. Unlike the hemlock wooly adelgid, whose northern range limit is currently restricted by cold winter temperatures, the climatic range of the ash borer includes all of northeastern North America. Dutch elm disease virtually eliminated American elm from its preferred habitat (forested swamps), but elms also occur as isolated trees in upland forests, and the beetle that spreads the disease isnt 100% successful at finding those isolated trees, so elms have persisted (at low numbers). But black ash is really only found in swamps, and given the dispersal ability of the emerald ash borer, the situation is bleak. There were extensive (and expensive) efforts to control and eradicate the insect when it was first discovered in ...
Edible macro-fungi are widely consumed as food sources for their flavors and culinary features. In order to explore the potential of macro-fungi as a natural resource of bioactive compounds, the antioxidant properties and polysaccharide contents of 49 edible macro-fungi from China were evaluated systematically. A positive correlation between antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content indicated that phenolic compounds could be main contributors of antioxidant capacities of these macro-fungi. Furthermore, many bioactive compounds such as gallic, homogentisic, protocatechuic, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid were identified and quantified. The macro-fungi species Thelephora ganbajun Zang, Boletus edulis Bull., Volvariella volvacea Sing, Boletus regius Krombh, and Suillus bovinus Kuntze displayed the highest antioxidant capacities and total phenolic contents, indicating their potential as important dietary sources of natural antioxidants ...
On July 23, 2008, USDA scientists discovered seven emerald ash borer beetles (Agrilus planipennis) in traps in Wayne County at a campground located at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Greenville Recreation Area near Wappapello Lake in southeast Missouri.. The emerald ash borer is an aggressive wood-boring insect that attacks and kills all species of ash (Fraxinus) trees. Attacks by this metallic-colored beetle of the Buprestidae family usually kill ash trees in one to three years. Although stressed trees are usually more prone to borer attack than healthy trees, evidence from Michigan suggests that even healthy, well-maintained ash trees are being attacked and killed by this beetle.. The natural range of the emerald ash borer is eastern Russia, northern China, Japan and Korea. It was first discovered in North America in Michigan in June 2002. The borer most likely traveled from Asia to North America in wooden packing materials. Because adult insects only move short distances on their own, the ...
We report on the isolation of a novel fusogenic orthoreovirus from bat flies (Eucampsipoda africana) associated with Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) collected in South Africa. Complete sequences of the ten dsRNA genome segments of the virus, tentatively named Mahlapitsi virus (MAHLV), were determined. Phylogenetic analysis places this virus into a distinct clade with Baboon orthoreovirus, Bush viper reovirus and the bat-associated Broome virus. All genome segments of MAHLV contain a 5 terminal sequence (5-GGUCA) that is unique to all currently described viruses of the genus. The smallest genome segment is bicistronic encoding for a 14 kDa protein similar to p14 membrane fusion protein of Bush viper reovirus and an 18 kDa protein similar to p16 non-structural protein of Baboon orthoreovirus. This is the first report on isolation of an orthoreovirus from an arthropod host associated with bats, and phylogenetic and sequence data suggests that MAHLV constitutes a new species within the ...
This species was classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2006[1] with the following criteria: A1cd (v2.3, 1994). This means that a population reduction of at least 20% has been observed, estimated, inferred or suspected over the last 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer, based on a decline in area of occupancy, extent of occurrence and/or quality of habitat, and based on actual or potential levels of exploitation.[6] It is now listed as Least Concern (LC) as it is widespread, present in heavily degraded habitats and it is not subject to any known or suspected threats.[1] Also listed as CITES Appendix I, which means that it is threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for example for scientific research.[7] ...
The Booidea, also known as booid snakes, are a superfamily of snakes that contains boas (family Boidae) and other closely ... "Boidae". The Reptile Database. Retrieved 24 April 2017. Reynolds, RG; Niemiller, ML; Revell, LJ (2014). "Toward a Tree-of-Life ...
Boidae". Palaeovertebrata. 30 (3-4): 122-125. Corallus priscus at Fossilworks.org Albino, Adriana María; Brizuela, Santiago ( ...
Boidae are a family of nonvenomous snakes found in America, Africa, Europe, Asia, and some Pacific Islands. There are 58 ... "Boidae". The Reptile Database. Retrieved 18 June 2015. Biserkov, 2007, p. 110 Biserkov, 2007, p. 111 "Eryx jaculus". The ... Boidae, Colubridae, Typhlopidae and Viperidae. In addition, in recent years one turtle species, the North American pond slider ...
Boidae". Paleovertebrata. 30 (3-4): 122-125. Corallus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 4 July 2008. Corallus.com ... Pyron, R. Alexander; Reynolds, R. Graham; Burbrink, Frank T. (2014). "A Taxonomic Revision of Boas (Serpentes: Boidae)" (PDF). ... Boidae)" (PDF). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment. 36 (1): 39-47. doi:10.1076/snfe.36.1.39.8883. Albino, Adriana ...
Boine boas (Boidae: Boinae). *Spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus)[172]. *Purussaurus[173]. Birds ...
Family Boidae". In C.G.Glasby G.J.B.Ross P.L.Beesley. Amphibia and Reptilia (PDF). Fauna of Australia. 2A (Online ed.). ...
Bitis worthingtoni Boidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) Bolyeriidae spp. (Except the species included in ...
The boa constrictor is a member of the family Boidae, found in tropical North, Central, and South America, as well as some ... Stull OG (1932). "Five new subspecies of the family Boidae". Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History 8: 25- ... though they lack the labial pits surrounding these receptors seen in many members of the Boidae family. Boa constrictors also ...
"Three New Subspecies of the Family Boidae". Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 297-300. (Python curtus brongersmai, new ...
Zur Systematik und Biologie der Riesenschlangen (Boidae). -Draco, Münster, 2(1): 4-19. Netting, M.G. & C.J. Goin. 1944. Another ...
... , known commonly as Ford's boa or the Haitian ground boa, is a species of snake in the Boidae family. E. fordii ... Günther A (1861). "On a New Species of the Family Boidae". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 142 + Plate XXIII. (Pelophilus fordii ...
It is a member of the family Boidae. The boa constrictor is endemic to the Islas Marías, In the Pacific off the Nayarit, Mexico ...
"Zur Kenntnis der Anakonda-Arten (Serpentes: Boidae: Eunectes ). I. Eunectes deschauenseei Dunn & Conant, 1936 ". Herpetofauna, ...
"Five New Subspecies of the Family Boidae". Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 25-29 + Plates 1-2. (Eryx thebaicus loveridgei, ...
Boidae Gray, 1825 14 61 Boas Northern, Central and South America, the Caribbean, southeastern Europe and Asia Minor, Northern, ... For instance, many sources classify Boidae and Pythonidae as one family, while some keep the Elapidae and Hydrophiidae (sea ...
Boidae Subfamily: Erycinae Genus: Charina. Gray, 1849 Synonyms[1]. *Wenona Baird & Girard, 1852 ...
Boidae. Gray, 1825[31] (incl. Calabariidae). 49. Boas. Amazon tree boa (Corallus hortulanus). ...
Squamata: Boidae: Pythoninae): A Comparative Approach Toward Resolving Phylogeny. ProQuest. P 91. D.G. Barker, T.M. Barker ( ... Boidae) with the Description of three new Species. Herpetological Monographs 14.139-185. Zoo Life. Ingle Publishing Company, ...
Boidae - boas (including sand boas) Bolyeriidae - Round Island boas. Cylindrophiidae - Asian pipe snakes. Loxocemidae - Mexican ...
Singh, L.; Sharma, T.; Ray-Chaudhuri, S.P. (1968). "Chromosomes and classification of the snakes of the family Boidae". ...
Boidae)". Records of the Western Australian Museum 12 (3): 257-276. (Lialis stimsoni, new species, p. 267). Antaresia stimsoni ...
However, some Typhlopidae and Boidae species may also tail vibrate. At least one species of lizard-Takydromus tachydromoides- ...
... , known commonly as the viper boa or New Guinea ground boa, is a species of snake in the family Boidae. As its ... They are considerably smaller than the rest of the Boidae. Viper boas get anywhere from 2' to 3' feet in length. They are known ...
Boidae. Subkeluarga:. Erycinae. Genus:. Charina. Gray, 1849. Sinonim. *Wenona Baird & Girard, 1852 ...
Boidae. Gray, 1825[16]. udavi. amazonski drevesni udav (Corallus hortulanus). Bolyeriidae. Hoffstetter, 1946. otroški udav ( ...
... within Boidae. List of boine species and subspecies List of erycine species and subspecies Boidae by common name Boidae by ... The Boidae (Common names: boas, boids, boioids) are a family of nonvenomous snakes primarily found in the Americas, although ... ISBN 0-8014-1095-9 (cloth), ISBN 0-8014-9164-9 (paper). Boidae Archived 2008-05-18 at the Wayback Machine. at VMNH. Accessed 15 ... ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume). "Boidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 14 July ...
Boidae explanation free. What is Boidae? Meaning of Boidae medical term. What does Boidae mean? ... Looking for online definition of Boidae in the Medical Dictionary? ... Boidae. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to Boidae: Colubridae, Pythonidae, python ... Boidae , definition of Boidae by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Boidae ...
This species was classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2006[1] with the following criteria: A1cd (v2.3, 1994). This means that a population reduction of at least 20% has been observed, estimated, inferred or suspected over the last 10 years or three generations, whichever is the longer, based on a decline in area of occupancy, extent of occurrence and/or quality of habitat, and based on actual or potential levels of exploitation.[6] It is now listed as Least Concern (LC) as it is widespread, present in heavily degraded habitats and it is not subject to any known or suspected threats.[1] Also listed as CITES Appendix I, which means that it is threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for example for scientific research.[7] ...
Boidae • Subfamilia: Boinae • Genus: Corallus • Species: Corallus caninus (Linnaeus, 1758) ...
... was in 1964 named by Yang Zhongjian. The genus name combines a reference to the Junggar Basin with a Latinized Greek pteron, "wing". The type species is Dsungaripterus weii, the specific name honouring paleontologist C.M. Wei of the Palaeontological Division, Institute of Science, Bureau of Petroleum of Sinkiang. The holotype is IVPP No. V-2776, a partial skull and skeleton. From 1973 more material has been found including almost complete skulls.. In 1980 Peter Galton renamed Pterodactylus brancai (Reck 1931), a form from a late Jurassic African formation, into Dsungaripterus brancai, but the identification is now commonly rejected. In 1982 Natasha Bakhurina named a Dsungaripterus parvus based on a smaller skeleton from Mongolia. Later this was renamed into "Phobetor", a preoccupied name, and in 2009 concluded to be identical to Noripterus. In 2002 a Dsungaripterus sp. was named based on a wing finger phalanx from Korea.. ...
Tarybos Direktyva 92/43/EEB. 1992 m. gegužės 21 d.. dėl natūralių buveinių ir laukinės faunos bei floros apsaugos. EUROPOS BENDRIJŲ TARYBA,. atsižvelgdama į Europos ekonominės bendrijos steigimo sutartį, ypač į jos 130s straipsnį,. atsižvelgdama į Komisijos pasiūlymą [1],. atsižvelgdama į Europos Parlamento nuomonę [2],. atsižvelgdama į Ekonomikos ir socialinių reikalų komiteto nuomonę [3],. kadangi aplinkos kokybės išsaugojimas, apsauga ir gerinimas, įskaitant natūralių buveinių ir laukinės faunos bei floros apsaugą, yra svarbiausias Bendrijos bendras tikslas, kaip nurodyta Sutarties 130r straipsnyje;. kadangi Europos bendrijos aplinkosaugos politikos ir veiksmų programa (1987-1992) [4] numato gamtos ir gamtinių išteklių apsaugos priemones;. kadangi šios direktyvos tikslas - skatinti biologinės įvairovės palaikymą, atsižvelgiant į ekonominius, socialinius, kultūrinius ir regioninius reikalavimus, todėl ši direktyva prisideda prie bendro ...
The result of the rapid growth rate of Salvinia molesta has resulted in its classification as an invasive weed in some parts of the world such as Australia, New Zealand and parts of America. Surfaces of ponds, reservoirs, and lakes are covered by a floating mat 10-20 cm (in some rare cases up to 60 cm) thick. The plants growth clogs waterways and blocks sunlight needed by other aquatic plants and especially algae to carry out photosynthesis thereby oxygenating the water. As it dies and decays, decomposers use up the oxygen in the water. It also prevents the natural exchange of gases between the air & the body of water the plant has invaded causing the waterway to stagnate. This can kill any plants, insects or fish trapped underneath its growth. Its ability to grow and cover a vast area makes it a threat to biodiversity. Large infestations covering a wide area may also pose a problem to migratory birds as they may not be able to recognise an infested waterway when flying over head and so may not ...
A concern for evidence and a phylogenetic hypothesis of relationships among Epicrates (Boidae by Arnold G. Kluge , 1989 ...
Boine boas (Boidae: Boinae). *Spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus)[172]. *Purussaurus[173]. Birds ...
Boidae. Scientific Name:. Charina bottae (Blainville, 1835). Common Name(s): English. -. Rubber Boa, Southern Rubber Boa. ...
Boidae. Epicrates monensis CoP4 Prop. 49. United States of America. Transfer from Appendix II to Appendix I. ...
Boidae. Boas. Candoia carinata. Palau. 15/07/2004. CLASS ELASMOBRANCHII (SHARKS). CARCHARHINIFORMES. ...
Boidae (family): 1 species (2). * Testudines - Turtles (order):1 species (1). * Cheloniidae (family): 1 species (4) ...
Lesson 6: The Boidae Family (Boas and Pythons). There are several taxonomical families located within the western hemisphere. ...
Anaconda is the common term for any member of four species of semi-aquatic boas (Boidae family) of South America comprising the ... Although, as noted above, pythons are sometimes classified as a subfamily of Boidae as well, but generally are listed under ... Boas are a type of non-venomous snakes that are members of the Boidae family. Boas are basal snakes that are "primitive" in ...
The Booidea, also known as booid snakes, are a superfamily of snakes that contains boas (family Boidae) and other closely ... "Boidae". The Reptile Database. Retrieved 24 April 2017. Reynolds, RG; Niemiller, ML; Revell, LJ (2014). "Toward a Tree-of-Life ...
A taxonomic revision of boas (Serpentes: Boidae).. Pyron RA, Reynolds RG, Burbrink FT. ...
Boidae Gray, 1825 14 61 Boas Northern, Central and South America, the Caribbean, southeastern Europe and Asia Minor, Northern, ... For instance, many sources classify Boidae and Pythonidae as one family, while some keep the Elapidae and Hydrophiidae (sea ...
Familia: Boidae. Subfamilia: Boinae. Genus: Chilabothrus. Species: Chilabothrus angulifer Name[edit]. Chilabothrus angulifer ( ...
BOIDAE Genus EPICRATES Species GRACILIS Collector P J TOLSON Country HAITI State NORD ...
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Boidae Subfamily: Erycinae Genus: Charina. Gray, 1849 Synonyms[1]. *Wenona Baird & Girard, 1852 ...
The 14 dead snakes sent for identification belonged to four families (Elapidae, Viperidae, Colubridae and Boidae), as shown in ... a number of snakes from the families Colubridae and Boidae were also identified. A similar list of snakes was identified in the ... family Boidae) and one black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis, family Elapidae) (Table 1). ...
Family Boidae (boa constrictors, pythons).. (e) Family Colubridae (boonslangs and African twig snakes). ...
Boidae, Scaphiopodidae, Leptodactylidae, Microhylidae, Natricidae, Iguanidae, Phyllodactylidae, Gekkonidae, Centrolenidae, ...
  • VARANIDAE Varanus salvator Biawak Varanus bornensis Biawak Kalimantan SERPENTES BOIDAE Python reticulatus Ular Sawa, Ular Petola ACROCHORDIDAE Acrochordus javanicus COLUBRIDAE Calamaria leucogaster Dendrelaphis pictus Telampar Ahaetulla sp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Boidae são serpentes grandes e constritoras, que comem normalmente mamíferos, répteis e aves. (bvsalud.org)
  • Foram isolados e identificados os fungos filamentosos da microbiota das escamas das serpentes Boidae mantidas em cativeiro no Museu Biológico do Instituto Butantan. (bvsalud.org)
  • NOMBRE COMUN FAMILIA ESPECIE Sapo (d) Bufonidae Incilius melanochlorus Jicotea Pintada (f) Geoemydidae Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima Cascabel Neotropical (f) Viperidae Crotalus simus Becquer (f) Boidae Boa constrictor Geco de frenillo (d) Gekkonidae Hemidactylus frenatus Garrobo (d) Iguanidae Ctenosaura similis Iguana Verde (d) Iguanidae Iguana iguana Esquinco Espalda Scincidae Mabuya unimarainata Dorada (d) NOMBRE COMUN COORDENADAS Sapo (d) 10[grados] 6'56. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Con respecto a la representatividad de las especies faunísticas registradas para el estado, tenemos que en la colección de peces existe el 87% de ellas, la de anfibios y reptiles cuenta con un 34%, la de aves con el 33% y la de mamíferos con el 53% de las especies de vertebrados registradas en el estado. (gbif.org)
  • Examen crítico de los mamíferos y reptiles fósiles denominados por D. Augusto Bravard y mencionados en su obra precedente. (springer.com)
  • De las 15 especies de reptiles registradas, 6 fueron endémicas y 10 globalmente amenazadas o sujetas a protección especial en México. (unam.mx)