The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The consumption of edible substances.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Services providing counseling and activities that help overweight individuals to attain a more healthy body weight.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Measuring and weighing systems and processes.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Glucose in blood.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The consumption of liquids.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Agents that are used to suppress appetite.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The highest dosage administered that does not produce toxic effects.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
Abstaining from all food.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The physical measurements of a body.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Mutant mice exhibiting a marked obesity coupled with overeating, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, marked insulin resistance, and infertility when in a homozygous state. They may be inbred or hybrid.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Experiments designed to determine the potential toxic effects of a long-term exposure to a chemical or chemicals.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
A 30-kDa protein synthesized primarily in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND and the HYPOTHALAMUS. It is also found in the skin and other peripheral tissues. Depending on species and tissues, POMC is cleaved by PROHORMONE CONVERTASES yielding various active peptides including ACTH; BETA-LIPOTROPIN; ENDORPHINS; MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES; and others (GAMMA-LPH; CORTICOTROPIN-LIKE INTERMEDIATE LOBE PEPTIDE; N-terminal peptide of POMC or NPP).
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.

Decreased expression and function of adipocyte hormone-sensitive lipase in subcutaneous fat cells of obese subjects. (1/871)

Decreased lipolytic effect of catecholamines in adipose tissue has repeatedly been demonstrated in obesity and may be a cause of excess accumulation of body fat. However, the mechanisms behind this lipolysis defect are unclear. The role of hormone-sensitive lipase was examined using abdominal subcutaneous adipocytes from 34 obese drug-free and otherwise healthy males or females and 14 non-obese control subjects. The enzyme catalyzes the rate-limiting step of the lipolysis pathway. The maximum lipolytic capacity of fat cells was significantly decreased in obesity when measured using either a non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor agonist (isoprenaline) or a phosphodiesterase resistant cyclic AMP analogue (dibutyryl cyclic AMP). Likewise, enzyme activity, protein expression, and mRNA of hormone-sensitive lipase were significantly decreased in adipocytes of obese subjects. The findings were not influenced by age or gender. The data suggest that a decreased expression of hormone-sensitive lipase in subcutaneous fat cells, which in turn causes decreased enzyme function and impaired lipolytic capacity of adipocytes, is present in obesity. Impaired expression of the hormone-sensitive lipase gene might at least in part explain the enzyme defect.  (+info)

Human body composition: in vivo methods. (2/871)

In vivo methods used to study human body composition continue to be developed, along with more advanced reference models that utilize the information obtained with these technologies. Some methods are well established, with a strong physiological basis for their measurement, whereas others are much more indirect. This review has been structured from the methodological point of view to help the reader understand what can be examined with each technique. The associations between the various in vivo methods (densitometry, dilution, bioelectrical impedance and conductance, whole body counting, neutron activation, X-ray absorptiometry, computer tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging) and the five-level multicompartment model of body composition are described, along with the limitations and advantages of each method. This review also provides an overview of the present status of this field of research in human biology, including examples of reference body composition data for infants, children, adolescents, and adults.  (+info)

Relationship between gibbosity and Cobb angle during treatment of idiopathic scoliosis with the SpineCor brace. (3/871)

The objective of this study was to quantify the relationship between gibbosity and spinal deformation expressed by the angle of Cobb before and during treatment with a brace for different classes of idiopathic scoliosis patients. As part of the standard treatment with the Dynamic Corrective Brace (SpineCor), 89 idiopathic scoliosis patients underwent an initial radiological examination and gibbosity measurement with a scoliometer wearing and not wearing the brace. The 89 patients were classified in relation to the apex of the scoliosis curves: thoracic (n = 29); thoracolumbar (n = 40); lumbar (n = 7) and double (n = 13). With the dynamic corrective brace, the patients showed a mean decrease of 8.3 degrees for the major Cobb angle, and a mean decrease of 2.3 degrees for their gibbosity. There was a significant positive relationship between gibbosity and Cobb angle with and without the brace for the thoracic and thoracolumbar curves. A linear regression analysis identified a small mean estimation error for the thoracic curves (7.4 degrees no-brace; 2.7 degrees with brace) and thoracolumbar curves (5.2 degrees no-brace; 5.3 degrees with brace), indicating a predictive potential of the scoliometer. The measure of gibbosity with the scoliometer provides a fairly reliable estimation of Cobb angle at the initial clinical examination of a scoliosis patient. However, when initial Cobb angle and gibbosity are considered, the measure of gibbosity when wearing a brace provides the clinician with a highly reliable estimation of the Cobb angle while in a brace. This relationship also exists for the follow-up with a brace, permitting a judgement of the patient's evolution under the treatment with SpineCor.  (+info)

Why should diagnostic benign breast biopsies weight less than twenty grams? (4/871)

To reduce the cosmetic deformity resulting from diagnostic biopsies, current breast screening guidelines recommend that 80% of biopsy specimens that subsequently prove to be benign should weigh less than 20 g. The relationship between specimen weight and cosmesis is unknown and evidence to support a 20 g upper limit is lacking. Patient satisfaction following all benign biopsies weighing more than 20 g (n = 49) and a random sample of 30 of those weighing less than 20 g (n = 103) performed by one screening unit, over a 6 year period, was assessed by a postal questionnaire. Overall, 32% of patients were unhappy with the cosmetic outcome of their surgery. Patient dissatisfaction appeared to increase with specimen weight (6/23 [26%] < 20 g versus 13/36 [36%] > 20 g) but no statistically significant relationship between weight and cosmesis was apparent (P = 0.57). Reducing benign breast biopsy specimen weights to a minimum is a desirable objective. However, the current quality standard is not evidence-based, is too stringent and should be revised. Strategies need to be introduced to improve patient satisfaction following breast wire-localisation biopsies. In particular, patients should be counselled pre-operatively regarding possible adverse cosmetic outcome.  (+info)

Injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve during harvest of iliac bone graft, with reference to the size of the graft. (5/871)

In patients who underwent autogenous iliac bone grafting we studied prospectively injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) in relation to the size (length, depth, width) of the graft. We also examined the neurological deficit, by questioning them about numbness and/or pain in the lateral thigh. The risk of injury was significantly higher in those in whom the depth of the graft was more than 30 mm. With regard to the length of the graft the incidence of nerve injury was 20% when the graft was 45 mm long or more, 16% when it was between 30 mm and 45 mm long, and 8% when it was less than 30 mm long. We should inform patients of the possibility of such injury, and take size into consideration when harvesting grafts from the ilium.  (+info)

Migration of the femoral stem after impaction bone grafting. First results of an ongoing, randomised study of the exeter and elite plus femoral stems using radiostereometric analysis. (6/871)

We report the initial results of an ongoing randomised, prospective study on migration of the Exeter and Elite Plus femoral stems after impaction allografting, as measured by radiostereometry. Clinically, the impaction technique gave good results for both stems. The mean subsidence in the first year was 1.30 mm and 0.20 mm for the Exeter and the Elite Plus stems, respectively. In the second year, the Exeter stem continued to subside further by a mean of 0.42 mm, while the Elite Plus stem did not do so. Subsidence of the Exeter stem correlated with deficiency of bone stock as graded on the Gustilo and Pasternak scale. This correlation was not found for the Elite Plus stem. None of the other parameters which were studied predisposed to subsidence. There was no significant association between the amount of subsidence and the radiological appearance of the graft for either stem. Our findings do not support the theory that radial compression, due to subsidence of the Exeter stem, is the essential stimulus for remodelling in impaction allografting.  (+info)

Tourniquet-induced restriction of the quadriceps muscle mechanism. Fact or fiction? (7/871)

Many knee surgeons flex the knee and sometimes also extend the hip before inflating a tourniquet on the thigh. This practice stems from the belief that these manoeuvres prevent excessive strain on the quadriceps during surgery, the assumption being that movement of the muscle is restricted by an inflated tourniquet. We therefore examined, using ultrasound, the movement of the quadriceps muscle above and below the tourniquet before and after inflation. We applied a tourniquet of standard size to the thigh of five volunteers for approximately five minutes. A bubble of air was injected into the quadriceps muscle above the tourniquet and was the proximal point of reference. The musculotendinous junction was the distal point. The movement of the reference point was measured by ultrasound before and after inflation of the tourniquet. Each measurement was repeated with either the knee flexed and the hip extended, or the hip flexed and the knee extended. The mean and standard deviation were recorded. Before inflation the mean amount of passive movement was 1.1 +/- 0.13 cm proximal and 4.0 +/- 0.08 cm distal to the tourniquet, with a range of movement of the knee of 0 degrees to 137 degrees (6.7 degrees). After inflation the mean passive movement was 1.0 +/- 0.07 cm proximal and 4.0 +/- 0.08 cm distal to the tourniquet with a range of 0 degrees to 132 degrees (+/- 7.6 degrees). The ultrasound findings therefore have shown no evidence of restriction of the quadriceps muscle by an inflated tourniquet.  (+info)

Extramedullary or intramedullary tibial alignment guides: a randomised, prospective trial of radiological alignment. (8/871)

We undertook a prospective, randomised study of 135 total knee arthroplasties to determine the most accurate and reliable technique for alignment of the tibial prosthesis. Tibial resection was guided by either intramedullary or extramedullary alignment jigs. Of the 135 knees, standardised postoperative radiographs suitable for assessment were available in 100. Correct tibial alignment was found in 85% of the intramedullary group compared with 65% of the extramedullary group (p = 0.019). We conclude that intramedullary guides are superior to extramedullary instruments for alignment of the tibial prosthesis.  (+info)

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A scoliometer is a small, non-invasive device (essentially a mini-level) that is placed over the spine while a person is in a forward bending position. The scoliometer reading indicates the angle of trunk rotation (ATR) in degrees. It is a baseline measurement used to indicate or monitor scoliosis.
Tracking your vertebral rotation regularly with a scoliometer helps identify trends in scoliosis helping you figure out what improves your scoli.
When oil and gas wells are drilled, the geologists and drill rig personnel need to know the nature and characteristics of the formations that they are encountering downhole. To help them obtain this vital information, drilling is periodically halted and logging tools packed with sophisticated, and very expensive analytical equipment are lowered into the well. These tools carry out chemical and physical measurements on the various downhole strata and capture the data for evaluation.. The tools are lowered into a well attached to a wireline. Wireline comes in two basic forms: slick and electric line. Slick lines are solid, load-bearing metallic wires which are commonly available in diameters of 1.83-4.06mm. Electric wirelines consist of insulated electrical signal wires surrounded by braided metallic wires for protection that make up the essential load-bearing cable which supports the weight of the measuring tool.. In addition to suspending measuring tools, slick lines are used to place ...
FLW, Inc. specializes in the sales of physical measurement, control and calibration products. We carry over 40 top product lines and can calibrate & service most of the brands we sell. Were happy to help.. ...
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Attempts to measure segmental vibration are discussed as well as the problems encountered. Since actual physical measurements are important to the study of shock and vibration response of the users of hand-held power tools, and accurate set of acceleration readings at typical input amplitudes and frequencies would aid in determining the vibration absorption characteristics of the hand and arm, and
in Energy and Buildings (2017), 148. tComplete knowledge about habits of the occupants, including their opinions regarding ventilation sys-tems is an important condition for reducing the consumption of natural resources and improving ... [more ▼]. tComplete knowledge about habits of the occupants, including their opinions regarding ventilation sys-tems is an important condition for reducing the consumption of natural resources and improving indoorcomfort. In addition, uncomforted occupants tend to take measures to improve their situation, whichmay increase energy consumption. Advanced thermal models for buildings can perhaps predict interac-tions between the IAQ determinants, e.g. energy consumption, ventilation and comfort, but do not takeinto account the behavior of residents. By questionnaires and physical measurements this study evalu-ated dwellings equipped partly with centralized and partly with decentralized ventilation systems withheat recovery. This field study involved two ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Scoliosis Examination, Forward Bending Test, Scoliometer, Adams Test, Adams Position, Adams Forward Bend Test.
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You searched for: Author Procházka, Marek Remove constraint Author: Procházka, Marek Language English Remove constraint Language: English Topic Physical measurements Remove constraint Topic: Physical measurements Topic Radiation Remove constraint Topic: Radiation Topic Microscopy Remove constraint Topic: Microscopy Topic Medical physics Remove constraint Topic: Medical physics ...
As this is a complicated topic is better to speak to somebody on the phone because they will get to the point quickly, hopefully, rather than ploughing through a pile of technical documents which might baffle you.. Clearly, the law applies to individuals owning a caracal and zoos and breeders. And therefore there are different rules for different individuals and organisations. No doubt some individuals might like to own a caracal as a pet. My thought there is that only under exceptional circumstances is it a good idea. Although caracals are one of those wild cat species which are more predisposed than others to being a pet rather like the cheetah. Both the caracal and cheetah have a history of working with people and hunting with people. You can go back thousands of years and find records of both these wild cat species working with people as hunters. ...
The length of each layer is displayed at the top of the size options and there is also a detailed sizing image provides all measurements of the dog coat.. Size Chart:. (S) Back Length: 28CM (11 inch). (M) Back Length: 33CM (13 inch). (L) Back Length: 38CM (15 inch). (XL) Back Length: 45CM (17.7 inch). (XXL) Back Length: 50CM (19.7 inch). ...
Bright blood cine images acquired using magnetic resonance imaging contain simple contrast that is tractable to automated analysis, which can be used to derive a measure of arterial compliance that is known to correlate with disease severity. The purpose of this work was to evaluate whether automated methods could be used reliably on a clinically relevant population, and to assess the precision of these measurements so that it could be compared with expert manual assessment. In this paper we apply an algorithm similar to that used by Krug et al., and the exact processing steps are described in detail to allowing easy reproduction of our methods. Phantoms of different sizes have been assessed and the MRI measurements are found to correlate well (r = 0.9998) with physical measurement. Reproducibility assessment was performed on 33 CAD subjects in three anatomical locations along the aorta. Six normal volunteers and ten patients with more severe aortic plaques were investigated to assess reproducibility
Participants complete up to two study visits of approximately 3-4 hours each. The first study visit involves an interview about life experiences and emotions. If the participant is eligible for the second assessment, the average length of time between visit 1 and visit 2 will be 1-7 days. The second visit included physical measurements such as cholesterol and blood pressure, performing math and speaking tasks, and surveys to help us learn about healthy behaviors and emotions. No further follow-up of participants is conducted beyond the two study visits ...
Concentrated culture filtrates of two strains of human tubercle bacilli, a virulent and a slightly virulent one, have been fractionated to give fourteen fractions in each case. Chemical determinations and sedimentation velocity measurements have been carried out on those fractions for which significant results could be obtained. The evidence is that two distinct proteins are present, in addition to a polysaccharide and nucleic acid. The physical measurements have not demonstrated the presence of any other proteins. One of the proteins has been isolated in pure form, and found to have a molecular weight of 44,000 ± 5,000, based on measurements of partial specific volume, sedimentation velocity, and diffusion rate. This protein is believed to be the same as one previously isolated by Seibert et al . (6), who assigned it a molecular weight of 32,000. The other protein was not obtained sufficiently free from polysaccharide so that its molecular weight could be determined, but it is believed to have ...
Further down the page we see a house totally upside down, with the roof immersed in the ground. It looks so realistic and believable, you could almost believe it for a second, if someone told you there was a bad hurricane.. As you scroll down even more, you see people in a house with everything out of proportion. There is even a magical bathroom where the floor is the sky. These are clever editing skills used to manipulate a photo, but how do real optical illusions work?. An illusion is a distortion of the senses, it confuses the brain and interrupts its normal organization. In visual illusions, peoples depth and motion perception changes. This is misinterpreted by the brain to give us a false image.. The information gathered by the eye is then processed by the brain, but it does not represent the real physical measurement.. Our brains are incredible, but they can be fooled sometimes. The brain constructs a whole world, using previous sights and pieces of the surrounding environment. ...
Is the patient suffering from blood poisoning? To answer this question, the doctor draws a blood sample and sends it to a central laboratory for testing. This takes up valuable time, which could cost the patient his life. In future, physicians will be able to analyze blood there and then and have the results within twenty minutes. This is made possible by a biochip, developed by scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques IPM in Freiburg. To analyze the biochip we have also designed a fully automatic device to carry out all the examination steps, explains Dr. Albrecht Brandenburg, group manager at the IPM. All the doctor has to do is place the sample in the apparatus and wait for the results.. Meanwhile, within the device theres plenty going on: it starts by preparing the blood sample. Red blood cells are separated from the blood and the plasma that remains is guided onto the biochip. When patients are suffering from sepsis, their immune system reacts by ...
Mucic acid salts of a compound represented by the following structural formula: are disclosed. In particular, single crystalline mucic acid salts of the compound represented by structural formula (I) are characterized by a variety of properties and physical measurements. Methods of producing the mucic acid salts, using the salts to antagonize one or more aspartic proteases, and methods of treating a number of aspartic protease mediated disorders using the salts are described herein.
This article appeared in the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS 2007. 404-407, Vol. XXXVI, part 7/C50) and in the proceedings of }10th International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Spectral Signatures in Remote Sensing} held on 12-14 March 2007 in Davos, Switzerland.. ...
After reviewing my daughters medical records, I noticed back in march of 2008 he reported a mid thoracic scoliometer reading of 18 degrees, also stating that clearly her rotational scoliometer reading is significantly worse as well as the radiographic Cobb angle. She still has ope triradiate cartilages when measured from T6-L1 today was 51 degrees. Note this was march of 2009 report. So my question is would someone please explain all of this to me?? Thank you:(
C: Stromal thickness of the Fb was found to be significantly smaller than for ASC in presence of urothelial cells. The UTS of the Fb group was significantly higher compared to the ASC. The failure strains were not significantly different between the two constructions. Tests were performed using 3 different cellular populations (N) for Fbs and ASCs and each construct was produced in triplicate (n). Each column represents mean +/-standard error of the mean, with p,0.05 indicating significance (*p,0.05, ** p,0.005 ...
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A Contemporary fit V-neck top features two patch pockets with instrument slots and a bungee loop above the right pocket. Also featured is multi needle contrast topstitching (White takes tonal topstitching) and side vents. Center back length: 26 Sizes: XXS - 5XL Color: Royal (RYLZ) Brand: Dickies
The STEPS Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factors Survey uses a survey methodology developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to help countries establish noncommunicable disease surveillance systems. Some surveys are conducted at the country level and others at the subnational level. The methodology prescribes three steps-questionnaire, physical measurements, and biochemical measurements. Core topics covered by most surveys are demographics, health status, and health behaviors. These provide data on socioeconomic risk factors and metabolic, nutritional, and lifestyle risk factors. Details may differ from country to country and from year to year. This Egyptian national survey included smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity, physical measurements, and biochemical measurements.. Only reports are currently available. No data have been released.. ...
Facchinello, Yann, Brailovski, Vladimir, Petit, Yvan et Mac-Thiong, Jean-Marc. 2014. « Monolithic superelastic rods with variable flexural stiffness for spinal fusion: modeling of the processing-properties relationship ». Medical Engineering and Physics, vol. 36, nº 11. pp. 1455-1463 ...
The caracal is a slender, moderately sized cat characterised by a robust build, a short face, long canine teeth, tufted ears, and long legs. It reaches nearly 40-50 cm (16-20 in) at the shoulder. The tan, bushy tail extends to the hocks.[15][16] The caracal is sexually dimorphic; the females are smaller than the males in most bodily parameters.[17] The prominent facial features include the 4.5-cm-long black tufts on the ears, two black stripes from the forehead to the nose, the black outline of the mouth, the distinctive black facial markings, and the white patches surrounding the eyes and the mouth. The eyes appear to be narrowly open due to the lowered upper eyelid, probably an adaptation to shield the eyes from the suns glare. The ear tufts may start drooping as the animal ages. The coat is uniformly reddish tan or sandy, though black caracals are also known. The underbelly and the insides of the legs are lighter, often with small reddish markings.[17] The fur, soft, short, and dense, grows ...
The researchers worked with 90 men between the ages of 18 and 30 who already had established exercise habits. They separated these participants into three groups: lean men who weight trained at least four times each week, overweight men who also weight trained at least four times each week, and overweight men who had no structured exercise regimen. The researchers took some basic physical measurements from the volunteers, including height and weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, and body composition. They tested the volunteers muscle strength and their carotid artery thickness (a sign of heart disease), and they took a blood sample. The researchers analyzed that sample for a variety of different molecules present, including cholesterol, insulin, various markers for heart disease including triglycerides and C-reactive protein, and sex hormones. They also checked the volunteers HDL to see how well it functioned as an antioxidant, a sign of how well their HDL works in general ...
Background: The state of Hypertension disease is universally under diagnosed and/or inadequately treated resulting in extensive target-organ damage and premature deaths. Therefore, sustainable and aggressive population-based programs for hypertension awareness, prevention, treatment, and control are keys of success in limiting this epidemic. The study aims to determine the Kang Adult populations hypertension prevalence and the relationship between high blood pressure, anthropometric measures and their life style factors such as diet, use of tobacco products and alcohol consuming habits. Methodology: The study, a population based cross-sectional trial, was conducted on adult residents of Kang (18 year-old and above) from November to December 2008. Data was collected using the questionnaire, through physical measurements of weight, height and BP using a modified protocol based on World Health Organization (WHO) STEP wise instruments on chronic disease (Bonita, 2001). The sample consisted of 161 ...
While the NBA Chicago Draft Combine does not hold the importance of the NFL Draft Combine, the results are still extremely valuable in evaluating potential Lottery and First Round selections. The Draft Combine involves two types of testings; Athletic Testings and Actual Measurements. While the physical measurements involve measuring the height, weight, wing-span, etc. of players, the athletic testings examine players to determine their physical capabilities in tests such as vertical leap, bench press strength, agility runs etc. Heres how the Players compared in Chicago: Actual Measurements Winners Tyreke Evans stood out amongst the guards at camp with his incredible wingspan and standing reach. While Evans is only 66 in socks, he measured out a ridiculous 611 wingspan and an eight by eight standing reach. To put this in prospective, Evans measured the same wingspan as 610 Blake Griffin. For wingspan, the top three on record were Hasheem Thabeet at 76 1/4, Taj Gibson 74 and Derick Brownwith 72
abramowitz] M. Abramowitz and I. A. Segun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, 1964; New York: Dover, 1968. [ackley] R. A. Ackley, Physical Measurements and the International (SI) System of Units, San Diego, CA: Technical Publications, 1970. [aho] A. Aho, R. Sethi, and J. Ullman, Compilers: Principles, Techniques, and Tools, Addison-Wesley, 1982. [ansi-ieee-268] American National Standard for Metric Practice, ANSI/IEEE Standard 268-1992, 1992. [atlas] IEEE Standard C/ATLAS, IEEE Standard 716-1982. [bridgman] P. W. Bridgman, Dimensional Analysis, Yale Univ. Press, 1922. [chang92] R.-J. Chang, ``Cliche-Based Modeling for Expert Problem-Solving Systems, Ph.D. diss., C.S. Dept., Univ. Texas at Austin, 1992. [cunis92] R. Cunis, ``A Package for Handling Units of Measure in Lisp, ACM Lisp Pointers, vol. 5, no. 2, 1992. [gruber-olsen94] T. R. Gruber and G. R. Olsen, ``An Ontology for Engineering Mathematics, Proc. Fourth Int. Conf. on Principles of Knowledge ...
Efficiency of Machines; 11. Thermodynamics is a branch of physics which deals with the energy and work of a system. Thermodynamic Properties: Every system has certain characteristics such as Pressure, Volume, Temperature, Density, Internal Energy. Thermodynamics generally starts with several basic concepts and leads to different thermodynamics laws. branch of physics which is concerned with the relationship between other forms of energy and heat I Thermodynamic Systems and Properties. In science, thermodynamic properties are characteristics used to describe a physical system. However, if you hone in on the most important thermodynamic formulas and equations, get comfortable converting from one unit of physical measurement to another, and become familiar with the physical constants related to thermodynamics, youll be at the head of the class. Thermodynamics¶ Statistical mechanics grew out of an earlier field called thermodynamics, which was concerned with the thermal properties of liquids and ...
When the pharmacist entered the prescription into the pharmacy computer, a level one (severe) drug interaction warning appeared on the screen. Bonuses March 11, 2016. Knowledge Based Errors Brennan TA, Lee TH, ONeil AC, Petersen LA. What Is A Latent Error In Nursing Human factors methods can be classified as: (1) general methods (e.g., direct observation of work), (2) collection of information about people (e.g., physical measurement of anthropometric dimensions), (3) analysis and design The case study of a radical change in a medical device manufacturer described by Vicente (2003) shows how improvements in the design of a medical device for patient safety did not BMJ. 2000;320:745-9. [PMC free article] [PubMed]31. Identifying complications of care using administrative data. Preoperative assessment of patients with known or suspected coronary disease. Understanding The Swiss Cheese Model For Explaining Error Thus, latent failures are accidents waiting to happen. Adverse events often happen ...
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Sterilization is a critical process in the preparation of many drug products. Its execution and validation are addressed in numerous regulatory, pharmacopeial, and industry documents. EMA Annex 1: Manufacture of Sterile Medicinal Products stands alone in giving clear preference to physical measurements over those obtained from biological indicators. This paper reviews principles behind sterilization processes outlining the differences between physical and biological measurements as well as their relationship to each other. The assumptions associated with the use of physical measurement are explored and their derivation from microbiological results is traced with the intent of reaffirming the primacy of biological evidence. The arguments and objections to the use of biological indicators in sterilization are reviewed and deconstructed.. LAY ABSTRACT: Sterilization validation is required by regulatory agencies around the globe. The accepted principles are derived from those originally established ...
1. Respiratory water loss and rectal temperature were measured in domestic fowl running for 10 min on a treadmill at speeds of 1.24-4.3 km h-1 in air temperatures of 20 +/− 2 degrees C or 32 +/− 2 degrees C. 2. At given speeds the water loss at 32 +/− 2 degrees C was approximately twice that at 20 +/− 2 degrees C and the end-exercise rectal temperature was 0.5-0.8 degrees C higher. 3. At 20 +/− 2 degrees C, respiratory evaporation accounted for 10-12% of the total metabolic energy used at all speeds. At 32 +/− 2 degrees C, the fractional respiratory heat loss fell from 26.5% at 1.24 km h-1 to 17% at 3.6 km h-1. The fraction of the total metabolic energy stored as body heat rose progressively with air temperature. ...
During contact, antennal bending is determined by its flexural stiffness and the applied load. From estimates of the second moment of area and measurements of the resistance-to-bending forces along the flagellum, we determined that the flexural stiffness of the cockroach antennal flagellum decreases rapidly from base to tip (Fig. 1A-C). We found that the forces decreased exponentially, whereas the elastic modulus did not change significantly within the measured length, suggesting that geometrical properties, i.e. tapering, are the main determinant of flexural stiffness (Fig. 1D).. Using a physical model of an arthropod antenna, we tested the hypotheses that a decreasing flexural stiffness profile enables effective mapping of the point of bend and/or point of contact to body-to-wall distance and increases the preview distance. By testing different stiffness profiles, we found that the point of bend maps better to the body-to-wall distance for a decreasing stiffness compared with a constant ...
Severe food limitation (FR) impairs cardiac performance, even though causative mechanisms remain elusive. Cardiac morphometry was substantially altered, as heart weights were nearly twofold lower in FR rats. Papillary muscle tissue isolated from FR hearts displayed mechanical dysfunction, including reduced created stress and decreased relaxation and contractility. The administration of the SERCA2a blocker resulted in additional decrements in contractile function in FR hearts, recommending impaired SERCA2a activity. Furthermore, the FR rats provided a lower appearance ABT-737 small molecule kinase inhibitor of L-type Ca2+ stations. As a result, myocardial dysfunction induced by serious food restriction is certainly connected ABT-737 small molecule kinase inhibitor with adjustments in the calcium-handling properties in rats. 0.05. 3. Outcomes 3.1. Physical Features Severe food limitation (FR) led to substantial adjustments towards the physical phenotype from the rats. As proven in Desk 1, 3 months ...
With the recent increase in womens representation in the military, baseline physical measurement data are needed to help set appropriate accession and retention standards and to design useful prevention and intervention programs in the areas of physical fitness and health. This study incorporated several body composition indices to obtain anthropometric data for a representative sample of 1,292 active duty Navy and Marine Corps women and men. It also assessed the extent to which personnel met weight-for-height and body fat standards.
Plancks theory remained mystifying until Einstein showed how it could be used to explain the photoelectric effect, in which the speed of ejected electrons was related not to the intensity of light but to its frequency. This relationship was consistent with Plancks theory, which suggested that a photons energy was related to its frequency. During the next two decades scientists recast all of physics to be consistent with Plancks theory. The result was a picture of the physical world that was different from anything ever before imagined. Its essential feature is that all matter appears in physical measurements to be made of quantum bits, which are something like particles. Unlike the particles of Newtonian physics, however, a quantum particle cannot be viewed as having a definite path of movement that can be predicted through laws of motion. Quantum physics only permits the prediction of the probability of where particles may be found. The probability is the squared amplitude of a wave field, ...
Springer, ISBN-10: 3319659235. From the cover:. This book provides a selection of essential knowledge on the image-based quantification of biophysical parameters for the purpose of clinical diagnosis. The authors regard clinical imaging scanners as physical measurement systems capable of quantifying intrinsic parameters for depiction of the constitution and biophysical properties of in vivo tissue. On the one hand, this approach supports the development of new methods of imaging highly reproducible, system-independent, and quantitative biomarkers, and these methods receive detailed attention in the book. On the other hand, the reader will also gain a deeper understanding of how physical tissue properties interact with the generation of signals in medical imaging, opening new windows on the intricate and fascinating relationship between the structure and function of living tissues. The book will be of interest to all who recognize the limitations of basing clinical diagnosis primarily on visual ...
PRODUCT STORY Long, clean lines, a smooth upper and a tennis-inspired silhouette make the Caracal Sneakers your go-to for sleek style whether on or off the court.
In July 2009, a 14-yr-old male caracal (Caracal caracal) at the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa was found, on abdominal ultrasound, to have a single large cystolith. The cystolith was removed, and the composition was determined to be 100% cystine. Blood and urine samples were also collected from three other apparently healthy caracals at the zoo and were submitted, together with the sa ...
AN AUSTRALIAN turtle has learned to breathe through its bottom. The freshwater Fitzroy River turtle (Rheodytes leukops) breathes normally above water, ...
Fabric Cotton99%Spandex1% Style Original Design Fitting Oversize JNBY Size xs s m l xl NECKLINE(IN) 17 17 17 17 18 SHOULDER WIDTH(IN) 21 21 22 23 23 CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE(IN) 47 50 52 54 57 HEM CIRCUMFERENCE(IN) 46 48 51 53 56 CENTER BACK LENGTH(IN) 24 25 25 26 27 SLEEVE LENGTH(IN) 22 23 23 24 24 ARM GIRTH(IN) 15 16 17
Fabric Cotton 100%(Except Rib) Fitting Oversize JNBY Size xs s m l xl NECKLINE(IN) 20 20 21 21 21 CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE(IN) 44 46 48 49 51 HEM CIRCUMFERENCE(IN) 35 36 37 38 39 CENTER BACK LENGTH(IN) 23 24 24 25 26 SLEEVE LENGTH(IN) 21 22 22 23 23 ARM GIRTH(IN) 19 20 20 21 21 Cuff(IN) 7 7 7 8 8 HOOD HIGHT(IN) 13 13 13 13
Exercise apparatus incorporating lift assistance mechanism for pull-up and/or dip stand exercising including one or more interchangeable extensible, elastomeric links of various extensil resistances, arranged to upwardly bias a pivotally mounted lift bar, and having arranged in parallel therewith a hydraulic shock absorber type fluid cylinder functioning to limit the extent of downward movement of the lift bar when the cylinder is extended to its maximum length and limiting the rate of upward movement of the lift bar in the event of the user falling off. The elastomeric link is preferably longitudinally bifurcated with two lengthwise parts so that if one part breaks the other part is likely to remain intact and provide some degree of extensil resistance. Other exercise components can be included as well as parts of the apparatus, such as push-up handles, and padded cross bars for sit-up exercising and the like.
Its a elementary vocabulary related to Ancient Egypt for 1º ESO students who study Social Science: Geography and History as a billingual subject.
NIST Office of Weights and Measures. 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2022. Elert, Glenn (2005). "Temperature of a Healthy Human (Body ... The plural form is "degrees Celsius". The general rule of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) is that the ... In 1948 when the 9th General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) in Resolution 3 first considered using the triple point ... Thus, degrees Celsius is a useful interval measurement but does not possess the characteristics of ratio measures like weight ...
Sanctorius measured body weight. Physician Herman Boerhaave modeled the digestive process. Physiologist Albrecht von Haller ... provide for an intake of 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. A review panel stating that "no additional dietary ... which have roles throughout the human body. The omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which can be made in the human body from ... The human body contains chemical compounds such as water, carbohydrates, amino acids (found in proteins), fatty acids (found in ...
They also collected taxes and ensured standardized weights and measures. The third administrative body overlooked the military ... 29-30, ISBN 978-1-78074-108-6 Quote: "The geography of the Mauryan Empire resembled a spider with a small dense body and long ... Early translators interpreted Justin's original expression as "body of robbers", but states Raychaudhuri, the original ...
She visits her nutritionist to measure her body fat. Joanna's body fat goal is to get herself at 3% body fat. Her body weight ... Before the show, all of the female bodybuilder would eat sugary food and work out with weights in order to show off their veins ...
The actual measure of a fish's condition using standard weight is done different ways. The relative weight (Wr) of an ... where W is the whole body wet weight in grams and L is the length in centimeters; the factor 100 is used to bring K close to a ... Standard weight equations, together with some measure of a fish's condition, can be used in aquaculture to measure the ... Most standard weight equations are for freshwater fish species. Weight-length curves are developed by weighing and measuring ...
The individual measures are weighted according to their relative importance. A cumulative score is then generated, typically by ... Much of the original research has been evaluated by Lino Briguglio and presenters at Oxford, providing a body of secondary ... A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. Typically, the index is a composite of ... It utilizes eight key health indicators that measure a chronically homeless person's vulnerability to early death. The model is ...
Its head-and-body length ranges from 50-95 cm (20-37 in) with a 38-59 cm (15-23 in) long tail. The hind foot measures 9-14.5 cm ... 3.5-5.7 in). Its weight ranges from 3.4-9.2 kg (7.5-20.3 lb). Some sources claim the species can weigh up to 11 kg (24 lb) ( ...
Weight Preoccupation, Binge Eating and Compensatory Behavior. Body Attitudes Questionnaire Body Attitudes Test Eating Attitudes ... The Minnesota eating behaviors survey; a brief measure of disordered eating behaviors and attitudes Behavioral Science April ... The MEBS provides a total score based on four subscales; Body Dissatisfaction, ...
He was chairman of the Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures (Forty-first Congress). After his nomination as a Republican ... His body was returned to New Bern, where he was interred in the National Cemetery. Biography portal 40th United States Congress ...
... considered the bodies functioning to be measured by quantifiable numbers, weights, and measures. The field ... while iatrochemists measured the detrimental problems of the body by chemical means. Several individuals contributed to this ... The star body of an individual is often referred to by astrologists as an energetic matrix and is believed to be spawned by ... Iatromathematicians study these conceptions and try to regulate the path of the star body of individuals so that it will give a ...
The camera body measured 136 × 83 × 50 mm and weighed approximately 430 grams (15 oz). The OM-20 (sold in the United States as ... It featured a multi-spot metering system (shared with the OM-4) in addition to the centre-weighted metering of the earlier body ... The finder coverage was measured to be 93%. Exposure control was aperture priority AE using center-weighted light metering. ... in which the button was placed on the camera body. The OM lens was designed to sit 46 mm (measured from the lens mounting ring ...
A child's body growth pattern may influence the tendency to gain weight. Researchers measured the standard deviation (SD [ ... Deurenberg P, Weststrate JA, Seidell JC (March 1991). "Body mass index as a measure of body fatness: age- and sex-specific ... maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early ... They measured weight, waist girth, stretch stature, skinfolds, physical activity, TV viewing, and SES; researchers discovered ...
Weight is measured by using the Body Mass Index scale (BMI). This is determined by dividing weight in kilograms by height in ... "To Time to Weight". Obesity: A National Epidemic and Its Impact on Australia. March 2014. Archived from the original on 31 ... In addition, the number of type 2 diabetes patients who were diagnosed solely on their weight was calculated at 242,000 in 2007 ... In 2008 using the Body Mass Index scale, obese Australians (indirectly and directly) cost the nation $8.3 billion. Out of the $ ...
The longest recorded flat needlefish measured 140 cm. Measurements for flat needlefish body length do not include their caudal ... The largest recorded weight for a flat needlefish was 4.8 kg. Flat needlefish are found worldwide in tropical and temperate ...
He can find the weight and measure of any solid body. He is clever at arithmetic, and skilled "in writing smaule, after the ... He began to practise as a surveyor in about 1566, and has been described as "one of the leaders of the emerging body of skilled ... He adds that "the measure attendinge uppon this instrument is of steele wier toe pole longe lincked foote by foote, excepte the ... It is entitled "A Noate for the Perfection of Lande Measure, and exact Plattinge of Cities, Castels, Honors, Lordshippes, ...
Body weight is regulated through energy balance, the amount of energy taken in versus the amount of energy expended over an ... Both active and total ghrelin can be measured. Circulating ghrelin concentrations rise before eating and fall afterward, more ... Castañeda TR, Tong J, Datta R, Culler M, Tschöp MH (January 2010). "Ghrelin in the regulation of body weight and metabolism". ... The net result of these processes is reflected in body weight, and is under continuous monitoring and adjustment based on ...
However, one source has described females measuring 7.2 cm long. Body weight of adults has been recorded to reach almost 10g. ... Throughout the distribution of D. connectens, body colour shows extreme variation. In some populations, individuals may have ... almost no seeds made it intact through the guts of individuals measuring 2 cm or less). With larger sized wētā however, ... Seed dispersal effectiveness increases with body size in New Zealand alpine scree weta (Deinacrida connectens). Austral Ecology ...
The Authority is also the custodian of the Weights and Measures Decree (NRCD 326, 1975). The board's functions are: to ... The body was established by the Standards Decree, 1967 (NLCD 199) which has been superseded by the Standards Decree, 1973 (NRCD ... International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) ASTM International ... The board reviews industry conformity to regulations and calibrates weighing and measuring instruments such as fuel pumps. The ...
Vij VA, Joshi AS (September 2013). "Effect of 'water induced thermogenesis' on body weight, body mass index and body ... International Bureau of Weights and Measures (2006), The International System of Units (SI) (PDF) (8th ed.), p. 114, ISBN 92- ... The human body contains from 55% to 78% water, depending on body size.[user-generated source?] To function properly, the body ... "Décret relatif aux poids et aux mesures" [Decree relating to weights and measures] (in French). 18 germinal an 3 (7 April 1795 ...
Factors measured at birth include birth weight, head circumference, and body length. An Apgar score is given at the time of ... Measured in weeks, gestational age is a term used to describe how far along a pregnancy is starting from the first day of the ... After the fetus is expelled from the maternal body it is called a neonate. Whether the birth is vaginal or by Caesarean section ...
On 15 March 2018, Xiaomi launched the Body Composition Scale in India. The scale measures weight as well as muscle mass, fat, ... When paired with the Mi Fit app, which itself pairs with the Mi Band, users can track their weight and BMI. The Mi Smart Scale ... The Mi Smart Scale makes measurements ranging from 5 kg to 150 kg, with a 50 g precision, and shows weight in kg and lbs. ... "Xiaomi Mi Body Composition Scale launched in India: Price, specifications and features". The Indian Express. 15 March 2018. ...
Moreover, weight management involves developing meaningful ways to track weight over time and to identify ideal body weights ... Tiepkema M (2004). "Measured Obesity: Adult obesity in Canada: Measured height and weight". Nutrition: Findings from the ... inches) and weight (kilograms vs. pounds): B M I = weight kg height m 2 {\displaystyle \mathrm {BMI} ={\frac {{\text{weight ... followed by maintenance of an ideal body weight over time. However, weight neutral approaches to health have also been shown to ...
Human body weight - Person's mass or weight Tare weight weight - Unit of weight the English unit The phrase "quantity of the ... Weight is commonly measured using one of two methods. A spring scale or hydraulic or pneumatic scale measures local weight, the ... Measuring weight versus mass In the operational definition, the weight of an object is the force measured by the operation of ... Similarly, a balance measures mass indirectly by comparing the weight of the measured item to that of an object(s) of known ...
He measured momentum by the product of velocity and weight; mass is a later concept, developed by Huygens and Newton. In the ... For a rotating continuum rigid body, these relations hold for each point in the rigid body. The differential equation of motion ... Choosing s to measure up from the ground, the acceleration a must be in fact −g, since the force of gravity acts downwards and ... Newton's second law applies to point-like particles, and to all points in a rigid body. They also apply to each point in a mass ...
... approximate measures derived from body parts and were used for a long time, some being later standardised for the purpose of ... Powell The Weights and Measures of England, R. A. Connor World Weights and Measures. Handbook for Statisticians, UN Department ... Obsolete Russian weights and measures Obsolete Tatar weights and measures inch - 2.554 cm foot - 12 inches, 30.645 cm ell - ... of Measurement Units of measure Unit systems Mile measurements Old units of measure English Customary Weights and Measures Alte ...
The weighted averages for LAC were 13 interruptions and 14 hours respectively. UTE has implemented a series of measures to ... The regulatory functions are assigned to URSEA, the regulatory body. Both transmission and distribution activities are fully ... For 2008, the overall weighted average tariff was US$0.139/kWh. Average tariffs for some sectors are presented below: ...
The tail is relatively long for a deer, measuring 50-66 centimeters (20-26 in) when straightened. Weight is between 135 and 200 ... The adult Père David's deer reaches a head-and-body length of up to 1.9-2.2 meters (6.2-7.2 ft) and stands about 1.2 meters ( ... Calf weight, calculated using Robbins and Robbins equation, tends to be between 11.3 and 13.2 kg. The juveniles (referred to as ... the body of a donkey but not a donkey, tail of a horse but not a horse" "the tail of a donkey, the head of a horse, the hoofs ...
It is also used when measuring low-level noise in audio equipment, especially in the United States.[not verified in body] In ... "weighting filters" Frequency Weighting Equations A-weighting in detail A-Weighting Equation and online calculation Researches ... This normalization is shown in the image.) Noise Signal noise ITU-R 468 noise weighting M-weighting Psophometric weighting ... A-weighting is applied to instrument-measured sound levels in an effort to account for the relative loudness perceived by the ...
Skeletal muscles make up 58.8% of the lion's body weight. The largest known lion measured 3.35 m (11.0 ft) in length and ... Average head-to-body length of male lions is 2.47-2.84 m (8 ft 1 in - 9 ft 4 in) with a weight ranging from 150-225 kg (331-496 ... Between 2008 and 2013, bones and body parts from at least 2621 individual lions were exported from South Africa to Southeast ... which is a strong incentive for their support of conservation measures. Establishing corridors between protected areas is ...
They are the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM), ... Weight is the force exerted on a body by a gravitational field, and hence its weight depends on the strength of the ... International Bureau of Weights and Measures. Retrieved 10 November 2012. "International Committee for Weights and Measures - ... Two weights of 16 lbs., similarly marked. Nos. 12 and 13. Two weights of 32 lbs., similarly marked. No. 14. A weight with a ...
The A-weighting curve weights the mid frequency content, 500 to 4000 Hz, more than the frequencies outside that range. At lower ... When the ears are uncomfortably cold and the rest of the body is much warmer, using a winter hat or the hood of a jacket to ... The attenuation is higher when measured in laboratory testing than worn in the field, or in real world settings. However, ... This frequency dependence is reflected in the use of the A-weighting curve to describe the decibel level of an exposure (dB A ...
With Salazar's body language, he tried to convey a bull in an arena, "full of rage and need of vengeance, but also wounded." It ... Stolz, Greg (March 15, 2015). "Mobile phones with 'eye patches' amid extreme security measures on set of Pirates of the ... which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 39 out of 100, based on 45 critics, indicating "generally ... Once he does so, Henry is given his body back, and Jack distracts Salazar, allowing Henry to destroy the Trident, breaking all ...
For instance within this body of work, there is an attention to involving children in the decision making process of technology ... and of measures to independently protect one's security and privacy online (e.g., the adoption of obfuscation techniques as a ... interest of the child such as recognizing that children has an evolving capacity to form their own views and giving due weight ... In 2020, the United Kingdom's government's advisory body on the responsible use of AI, the Centre for Data Ethics and ...
The Busy-Body himself is a true Censor Morum, as Isaac Bickerstaff had been in the Tatler. And a number of the fictitious ... When I have thus got them all together in one View, I endeavour to estimate their respective Weights; and where I find two, one ... Pennsylvanians were outraged, believing that he had supported the measure all along, and threatened to destroy his home in ... In 1728, aged 22, Franklin wrote what he hoped would be his own epitaph: The Body of B. Franklin Printer; Like the Cover of an ...
The abdominal circumference of the fetus may also be measured. This gives an estimate of the weight and size of the fetus and ... Fortunately, gestational sac, yolk sac and embryo are surrounded by hyperechoic (brighter) body tissues. Traditional obstetric ... The heartbeat is usually seen on transvaginal ultrasound by the time the embryo measures 5 mm, but may not be visible until the ... Artificially colored, showing gestational sac, yolk sac and embryo (measuring 3 mm as the distance between the + signs). Embryo ...
Weight saving measures such as a new carbon fibre blend and lightweight paint application have reduced the Imola's dry weight ... The system also prevents excess body roll in the corners by raising the "inside" flaps (i.e. the left ones in a left-handed ... and various weight saving measures have resulted in a lower dry weight of 1,050 kg (2,315 lb). Pagani plans a limited 30-car ... The Pitot tube mounted on the nose of the car, a metal measuring device that's typically uses on planes to measure air speed, ...
By absolute measure, it is much larger than J. magna. In 2008, based on the relation between skull dimensions and body size ... Based on this, rodents have the second largest body weight span of any mammalian order, aside from Diprotodontia (the most ... The skull of J. monesi measures 53 cm (1 ft 9 in), similar to a beef cow skull, equating to a full body length of 262.8 cm (8 ... He also assumed J. monesi had the same head-to-body ratio as the pacarana, producing a body length of 262.8 cm (8 ft 7 in), ...
The government argued that the United States has a duty to take measures to ensure the safety of its interior. Past cases have ... The District Court-based this decision on previous cases that related to search of the human body, not of property. The Court ... contravene the weight of Supreme Court precedent refusing to subject government action to greater scrutiny with respect to the ... Several legislators have discussed and introduced measures to counter the ruling in order to provide more protection to ...
... the lemur's body temperature fluctuates widely, passively following the ambient temperature; if well insulated, the body ... During hibernation, they subsequently lose 15-27% of their pre-hibernation weight by using their stored fats for energy. ... and snow depth were measured to identify the drivers of the start and end of hibernation for bears. This study built the first ... Two months before the end of hibernation, the bears' body temperature starts to rise, unrelated to heart rate variability but ...
... mounted in a tubular steel chassis with a Kevlar body, giving a gross weight of just 1,050 lb (476 kg). Uncomplicated and ... The car was run at Speed Week on the Bonneville Salt Flats over a period of several years, eventually reaching a measured speed ... The steam engine was heavy and weighted 300 kg more than a standard V8 and gave about half the power. In October 1969, the ... There, one single touring car was made using a 1923 Elcar 6-60 body before the factory moved again, this time to Dayton, Ohio, ...
If a candidate died, officials wrapped his body in a straw mat and tossed it over the high walls that ringed the compound. At ... The halberds were graded by weight from 72 kg to 48 kg, with the lowest grade weapon earning a pass. For the final portion of ... In 1854, Edwin Chadwick reported that some noblemen did not agree with the measures introduced because they were Chinese. The ... Next, while undergoing the personal body search and being scolded by the clerks and shouted at by the soldiers, he is just like ...
Some BCDs allow for integrated weight, meaning that the BCD has special pockets for the weights that can be dumped easily in ... By accurately measuring the partial pressure of oxygen, it became possible to maintain and accurately monitor a breathable gas ... McCafferty, Marty (2013). "DAN Diving Incident Reports: Compressed Gas Tears Skin, Penetrates Body". Divers Alert Network. ... allowing a diver to gain a better overall weight distribution leading to a more horizontal trim in the water. Tank weights can ...
It is a straight-line measure, not measured over the curve of the body. Standard length measurements are used with Teleostei ( ... Black drum Red snapper Ichthyology terms Standard weight in fish "Term: standard length". 2004-11-18. Retrieved ... Total length (TL) is the length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the tip of the longer lobe of the caudal fin, ... Standard length (SL) is the length of a fish measured from the tip of the snout to the posterior end of the last vertebra or to ...
"Weight-related words associated with figure silhouettes". Body Image. 1 (4): 373-384. doi:10.1016/j.bodyim.2004.10.004. PMID ... But those high in Agreeableness in the USA or Japan will do better on the job as measured on the same criteria. In some cases ... Then information on those differences can be used to make the adjustments needed to allow the construct to measure what it is ... Similar to construct bias, the wording of an item can result in measuring different traits because of different meanings in the ...
There was also a light weight AN-6551/AN-J-2 and a heavy weight AN-6553/ANJ-4 with the latter being the only one widely adopted ... It shared the hallmarks of the original M422 jacket, but was shorter in the body so that it didn't bunch up when aircrew were ... in an attempt to streamline production between the services as a war economy measure. The AN-J-3 (an AN-6552 without a fur ... but was a bulkier cut which was also longer in the body and normally had a salmon red lining. In 1942 the M-422A jacket,was ...
1248-9 "Standard Atomic Weights: Neodymium". CIAAW. 2005. Meija, Juris; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 ( ... HELEN can create plasmas of around 106 K, from which opacity and transmission of radiation are measured. Neodymium glass solid- ... Neodymium commonly exists in two allotropic forms, with a transformation from a double hexagonal to a body-centered cubic ... A neodymium magnet of a few tens of grams can lift a thousand times its own weight, and can snap together with enough force to ...
The presence of inclusion bodies known as Papp-Lantos bodies, in the movement, balance, and autonomic-control centres of the ... Other preventative measures are raising the head of the bed by 8 in (20.3 cm), and the use of compression stockings and ... The putamen is hypointense on T2-weighted MRI and may show an increased deposition of iron in the Parkinsonian (MSA-P) form. In ... The conformation of the alpha-synuclein is different from that of alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies. The disease probably starts ...
This was likely dropped as a desperate measure to save weight and remain aloft. The next morning, the floating wreck of the ... The body of one of the Germans washed ashore four months later at Løkken in Denmark. In 1964, a journalist researching the ... Empty weight: 21,704 kg (47,900 lb) Gross weight: 37,066 kg (81,600 lb) Powerplant: 4 × Maybach C-X (later Maybach HSLu) , 157 ... navy Zeppelins carried fewer to save weight. The guns were mounted in the two gondolas under the airship, in a tail gun ...
About 99% of a human's body weight is made up of the elements carbon, nitrogen, calcium, sodium, chlorine, potassium, hydrogen ... Determining heat transfer in a system by measuring its other properties Isothermal microcalorimetry - Measuring versus elapsed ... the human body can use about its own weight in ATP per day. ATP acts as a bridge between catabolism and anabolism. Catabolism ... The basal metabolic rate of an organism is the measure of the amount of energy consumed by all of these chemical reactions. A ...
The size of each level in the pyramid generally represents biomass, which can be measured as the dry weight of an organism. ... To maintain their bodies, grow, develop, and to reproduce, autotrophs produce organic matter from inorganic substances, ... Complexity is a measure of an increasing number of permutations and it is also a metaphorical term that conveys the mental ... The number of trophic links per consumer is a measure of food web connectance. Food chains are nested within the trophic links ...
Weight was distributed in the payload sphere so it would rotate in its liquid blanket to place the seismometer into an upright ... However, a small vial of ashes from the body of pioneer lunar scientist Eugene Shoemaker was delivered by the Lunar Prospector ... measure magnetic fields, detect low frequency electromagnetic waves in space and use a sophisticated integrated propulsion ... Besides guidance and weight management, atmospheric re-entry without ablative overheating was a major hurdle. After the Soviets ...
This large body of repertoire is known from references to a "magnum volumen" by Johannes de Garlandia and to a "Magnus liber ... The development from a single line of music (monophony) to one where multiple lines all carried the same weight (polyphony) is ... This system is referred to as mensural music as it demonstrates the beginning of "measured time" in music, organizing lengths ... "the most reasonable attitude is obviously to consider the pieces in common to all three sources as the original body, ...
The woman's body, including hormone levels and uterus size, return to a non-pregnant state and the newborn adjusts to life ... Different measures for pain control have varying degrees of success and side effects to the woman and her baby. In some ... The erect posture causes the weight of the abdominal contents to thrust on the pelvic floor, a complex structure which must not ... If the twins are joined at any part of the body - called conjoined twins, delivery is mostly by caesarean section. For external ...
When weight is removed from the hoof, the release of pressure pulls blood back down into the foot again. This effectively ... The rectum is about 30 cm (1 ft) long, and acts as a holding chamber for waste matter, which is then expelled from the body via ... the height of the horse is measured at the withers. Horses and other equids evolved as grazing animals, adapted to eating small ... These horns attach to the body of the uterus (18 to 20 cm [7.1 to 7.9 in] long). The equine uterus is bipartite, meaning the ...
57 was set on the ground and a weighted string attached on the sling loop was used as a plumb-line to set the correct firing ... The vertical and horizontal measurements of the reduced groups are then used to measure accuracy. This circular error probable ... A rifle grenade-launching interface is also integrally machined into the body of the barrel. The barrel is surrounded by a ... Overall length is much less than the Stgw 57 with a subsequently lower weight. The buttstock and stock tube are angled downward ...
Emelianenko has several tattoos on his body and claims that they do not really have a meaning for him, he just likes them as a ... However, due to restrictive measures in the capital due to the coronavirus epidemic, the tournament was postponed to July 24, ... Nowe, Jason (5 May 2006). "PRIDE Open-Weight GP Field Halved to Seven". News. USA: Sherdog. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2010. " ... Nowe, Jason (10 September 2006). "PRIDE Open-Weight Grand Prix Champion Crowned". News. USA: Sherdog. p. 1. Retrieved 27 ...
If the aquifer is hydraulically connected to body of water on the surface there are increases in the water table elevation as ... Saturated hydraulic conductivity measures soil permeability when the soil is saturated. When looking at root zone residence ... The weights were 27.5% deep percolation, 27.5% root zone residence time, 20% topography, 20% chemical limitations, and 5% ... This factor was determined by electrical conductivity (EC) of the soil which measures the soil salinity. The best soil has the ...
They favored strong supranational control bodies as long as they continued to exercise de facto control over such bodies. ... The Commentary confirms, "Drugs in Schedule II are subject to the same measures of control as drugs in Schedule I, with only a ... that the label under which a drug in Schedule II is offered for sale in the retail trade show the exact content by weight or ... The Economic and Social Council is the only body that has power to confirm, alter, or reverse the CND's scheduling decisions. ...
People with eating disorders might use weight as a measure of self-worth, and they often derive pleasure from losing weight ... Eating disorders are about using food to cope with life distress and poor body image, and they have very complex underlying ... Wannarexia is more commonly, but not always, found in teenagers who feel the need to lose weight and think that anorexia will ... wannarexia' refers to someone who wants to 'catch' anorexia in order to lose weight and, presumably, be more popular. Bauman, ...
The nest may measure 43 to 91 cm (17 to 36 in) by up to 46 cm (18 in) and is usually found in the top third of the tree. Young ... Weights vary from about .35 to 1 kilogram (0.77 to 2.20 lb), and length (including tail) from 43 to 61 centimetres (17 to 24 in ... which help increase the development of body fat. They feed mostly in trees and on the ground. They generally forage in the ...
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body size and weight (none) body weight [g] body_weight 27407 B6.PWD consomic w/par. 28 both. 16wks. N=10 2006 ... MP:0001256 abnormal body length. MP:0001259 abnormal body weight. MP:0003956 abnormal body size. MP:0003959 abnormal lean body ... body size and weight (none) body length (tip of nose to base of tail) [cm] body_length 27408 B6.PWD consomic w/par. 28 both. ... MP:0002089 abnormal postnatal growth/weight/body size List measures from all projects. MGI. Broaden. Navigate ontologies ...
Bodyweight. The SPAN field staff measured students height to the nearest 0.1 cm and weight to the nearest 0.1 kg on site. ... Table 3. Weighted Regression Models, Timing of Last Food Intakea, Study of Effect of Media Use on Body Weight Among Adolescents ... Table 2. Weighted Regression Models, Unhealthy Eating Behavior, Study of Effect of Media Use on Body Weight Among Adolescentsa ... Study of Effect of Media Use on Body Weight Among Adolescentsb, Texas 2015-2016c. Hours of Media Use. Body Mass Index ...
We describe the prevalence of excess body weight and abdominal obesity reported by participants enrolled in Albertas Tomorrow ... Overweight and obese were categorized as a body mass index (BMI) of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2 and ≥30 kg/m2, respectively. ... Participants completed anthropometric measures and health and lifestyle questionnaires at enrolment. ... Excess body weight during adulthood has been consistently associated with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and ...
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Might exercise and a higher protein diet improve body composition, muscle strength, and physical function among older women? ... Body composition was measured via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, leg strength by isokinetic dynamometry, and LEPF via 6-min ... aProtein intake expressed as grams per kilogram of body weight (BW) and whole-body lean mass (LM). ... Table 3. Weight and body composition at baseline and in response to the intervention at 3 months (midpoint) and 6 months ( ...
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Decision-making was measured with the Hungry Donkey Task (HDT), an age-appropriate version of the IGT, and learning within the ... Mixed-design ANOVA revealed that more risky decisions were made by overweight as compared to normal-weight children and by ... Using a 3-wave longitudinal study, we examined decision-making in a matched sample of 94 overweight and 94 normal-weight ... Within-task learning was evident at all three waves, moderated by weight group and gender. However, although risky decisions ...
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BMXWT - Weight (kg). Variable Name: BMXWT. SAS Label: Weight (kg). English Text: Weight (kg). Target: Both males and females 0 ... Body Measures Component Status Code. English Text: Body Measures Component status Code. Target: Both males and females 0 YEARS ... BMXBMI - Body Mass Index (kg/m**2). Variable Name: BMXBMI. SAS Label: Body Mass Index (kg/m**2). English Text: Body Mass Index ... BMIWT - Weight Comment. Variable Name: BMIWT. SAS Label: Weight Comment. English Text: Weight Comment. Target: Both males and ...
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BMXWT - Weight (kg). Variable Name: BMXWT. SAS Label: Weight (kg). English Text: Weight (kg). Target: Both males and females 0 ... BMXBMI - Body Mass Index (kg/m**2). Variable Name: BMXBMI. SAS Label: Body Mass Index (kg/m**2). English Text: Body Mass Index ... BMIWT - Weight Comment. Variable Name: BMIWT. SAS Label: Weight Comment. English Text: Weight Comment. Target: Both males and ... The body measurements file does not identify persons with amputations due to data disclosure concerns. Body weight data for ...
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  • Moreover, epidemiologic studies have reported that consuming most daily calories in the evening is associated with higher body mass index (BMI) and an increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome. (
  • We describe the prevalence of excess body weight and abdominal obesity reported by participants enrolled in Alberta's Tomorrow Project (ATP). (
  • NHANES body measurement data are used to monitor trends in infant and child growth, to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the U.S. population, and to examine the associations between body weight and the health and nutritional status of the U.S. population. (
  • Weight gain and obesity are common in women with PCOS. (
  • Many studies have shown that not getting enough sleep increases the likelihood of obesity and many hinder weight loss efforts. (
  • Setmelanotide, an investigational melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) agonist, was associated with significant weight loss and hunger reduction in patients with rare genetic forms of early-onset obesity, according to two phase III clinical trials. (
  • In patients with pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) deficiency obesity, 80% of individuals lost at least 10% of body weight at 1 year. (
  • Writing online in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology , Clément and colleagues also reported that 45% of patients with leptin receptor (LEPR) deficiency obesity lost at least 10% of body weight. (
  • In these two multicentre, phase III trials, the MC4R agonist setmelanotide was associated with significant weight loss and reduction in hunger scores in individuals with POMC or LEPR deficiency obesity after approximately 1 year of treatment," Clément and colleagues wrote. (
  • In a primate model of diet-induced obesity, setmelanotide produced persistent weight loss (-13.5%) over 8 weeks. (
  • Seventy-nine (48.47%) and 16 (9.82%) mothers of children with obesity thought their children had normal weight or were underweight, respectively. (
  • This highlights the potential of modifying maternal perceptions of children's weight in this age group to prevent obesity at an early age. (
  • Little is known about maternal perceptions of children's weight in oil-rich countries in the Middle East, such as Kuwait, although childhood obesity is a major public health problem (10,11). (
  • Overweight or obesity or excess weight-gain during pregnancy increases the risk of gestational diabetes or diabetes in pregnancy. (
  • Act 1220 of 2003, which launched comprehensive efforts to curb childhood obesity in Arkansas, established one of the nation's first statewide, school-focused initiatives to help children reach and maintain a healthy weight. (
  • One of the most controversial provisions was that each school child's body mass index (BMI), which is a measure of weight status and obesity risk, would be assessed and communicated to parents. (
  • These measurements led to Arkansas's first database of childhood weight statistics at the state, county, and school district levels and illustrated the magnitude of childhood obesity in Arkansas. (
  • This research contributes to the literature on obesity by including disability as a demographic in characterizing people by body mass index. (
  • mean body-mass index (BMI) of children and adolescents the prevention and control of chronic conditions, such as Laboratory of Biological to 1970s levels1 can be readily achieved by the policy obesity, that account for much of the world population's Modeling, Diabetes initiatives described by other authors of this Series. (
  • To learn more about how childhood obesity is measured. (
  • Measuring trends in childhood obesity and its risk factors. (
  • Diet, exercise, and behavioral modification should be included in all obesity management approaches for body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m 2 or higher. (
  • In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are overweight or obese, antidiabetic medications that have additional actions to promote weight loss (such as glucagonlike peptide-1 [GLP-1] analogs or sodium-glucose-linked transporter-2 [SGLT-2] inhibitors) are suggested, in addition to the first-line agent for type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity, metformin. (
  • Obesity was measured by the body mass index (BMI = weight [ kg ] / height [ m2 ]), by sex and by age. (
  • Also, mediation analyses were conducted to examine the pathways between hours of media use and body mass index (BMI). (
  • Overweight and obese were categorized as a body mass index (BMI) of 25.0-29.9 kg/m 2 and ≥30 kg/m 2 , respectively. (
  • [ 3 ] However, weight loss in older adults typically causes concurrent reductions in lean mass and strength, thereby exacerbating the risk for sarcopenia and dynapenia. (
  • [ 1 ] The inclusion of exercise in a calorically restricted weight loss regimen attenuates lean mass and strength loss and is advocated as a critical component of weight loss programs for older adults. (
  • Multicomponent exercise training and dietary protein may have complicated, interactive implications for changes in lower extremity physical function (LEPF) in older adults because of differential effects on weight change, individual body composition components (i.e., fat and lean mass), and muscle strength. (
  • WHO child growth standards : length/height-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, weight -for-height and body mass index-for-age : methods and development. (
  • For quite some time, the body mass index or BMI has been the accepted form of determining the ideal weight of a person, and the deviation from this ideal weight that needs to be corrected. (
  • Employees from 10 sites of a major US company with body mass index ⩾ 25 kg/m 2 and/or previous diagnosis of type 2 diabetes were randomized to either follow a low-fat vegan diet, with weekly group support and work cafeteria options available, or make no diet changes for 18 weeks. (
  • The researchers, from the National Institute on Ageing, looked at data from a longitudinal study of 1,988 people to determine how personality traits are associated with weight and body mass index . (
  • Your provider will check your weight and body mass index (BMI) and measure your belly size. (
  • These medicines work better if your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or less (below the obese range). (
  • Body fat is measured by percentage, calculated by how much body fat you have in relation to the rest of your body (bones, water weight, muscle mass etc). (
  • Upon standing on the scale the users weight , BMI (Body Mass Index) and % Body Fat are displayed in succession before the display goes back to sleep and your data is transmitted wirelessly to the Withings site. (
  • Your percent body fat, lean mass, and height are all readily available and displayed graphically with a simple click of a button. (
  • Want to see how your body fat, lean mass or height (good for kids) has varied over time, a simple mouse click provides you with the data you need to see how your progressing to your goals. (
  • A person with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater is considered obese. (
  • The stressed employees had a body mass index (BMI) that was about one unit heavier on average than that of their relaxed co-workers. (
  • As the ageing process speeds up post 60, factors like maintaining a healthy weight apart from keeping muscle mass and focussing on bone health become important for optimum fitness. (
  • A good muscle mass can also help you shed that extra weight. (
  • Although body weight is a good indicator of health, your body composition which is the percentage of fat and fat-free mass in your body is important as well. (
  • Muscle mass is an important measure of overall health, especially in older adults. (
  • Mean body-mass index (BMI) was higher than 40 in both groups at baseline. (
  • In particular, we consider clinically measured body mass index and waist circumference. (
  • Physical education in elementary school and body mass index: Evidence from the early childhood longitudinal study ," American Journal of Public Health , American Public Health Association, vol. 94(9), pages 1501-1506. (
  • The approval is for people with a body mass index (BMI) of 35 to 55 who have failed to lose weight with non-surgical therapies. (
  • Is the Subject Area "Body mass index" applicable to this article? (
  • Withings users with a weight loss goal manage to lose a significant amount of fat mass in less than 3 months following the installation of their body composition scale. (
  • The prevalence of overweight (body mass index [BMI], calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters, ≥25) and obese (BMI, ≥30) adults in the United States continues to increase. (
  • To reduce cancer risk, the lowest risk for several cancers is seen at the low end of what's labeled a healthy BMI (body mass index). (
  • To determine whether your weight is in a healthy range, doctors often calculate your body mass index (BMI) . (
  • The primary aim of this study was to explore the association between birth weight and body mass measures in CBT, compared to non-cancer controls. (
  • These frequencies can be measured and the mass of the particle calculated therefrom. (
  • From the ratio of the two measured values one obtains the proton's mass directly in atomic units. (
  • Andreas Mooser of RIKEN in Japan explains its function: „It allowed us to measure the proton under identical conditions as the carbon ion despite its about 12-fold lower mass and 6-fold smaller charge. (
  • Body mass index (BMI) was calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by squared height in metres. (
  • We compared the effect of training with free weights vs. machines on muscle mass, strength, free testosterone, and free cortisol concentrations. (
  • however, training with free weights or machines resulted in similar increases in muscle mass and strength. (
  • One of the controversies when prescribing resistance training programs is whether the use of free weights or machines is better for building muscle mass and strength. (
  • Despite these potential benefits of training with machines, training with free weights may allow for greater recruitment of muscle mass. (
  • This measure, however, does not take into account inertia (resistance of a body to any change in its state of motion due to its mass). (
  • Body composition analysis - To measure body mass index, muscle mass, fat mass, hydration level and other key values, you'll be asked to stand on the Seca® medical body composition analyzer. (
  • The machine differentiates fat mass from muscle mass and shows where it's distributed throughout the body," Davalos says. (
  • Body mass index should be calculated as kg·m −2 . (
  • We explored associations between vigorous physical activity on body mass index whilst controlling for volume of MVPA. (
  • Body mass index (BMI) was measured at baseline and follow up. (
  • In a statement on the results , the Corps noted that a DEXA scan "is the most accurate means to estimate body fat, lean body mass, and bone density. (
  • Thirty-four percent had a healthy body mass index (BMI), 20% were overweight and 46% were obese. (
  • [ 22 ] Oxygen consumption was corrected for lean tissue mass (body weight to the power of 0.75). (
  • Primary outcomes were two month changes in body mass index (BMI) z-score and waist-to-height-ratio (WHtR). (
  • To analyze the relationship between age, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), and alveolar bone resorption with menopause duration in postmenopausal women. (
  • Body mass index measurement and menopause duration were collected. (
  • Body mass index (BMI) is an inexpensive and simple method for assessing an individual's nutritional status but it does not directly measure body fat. (
  • Misclassification of body mass index (BMI) categories arising from self-reported weight and height can bias hazard ratios in studies of BMI and mortality. (
  • Prevalence Among Adults by Body Mass Index: 2003-2009 National Health Interview Survey. (
  • More than one-third of adults in the United States are obese, defined as having a body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) of 30 or higher (1). (
  • Body mass index -- calculated from height and weight*/ @106 TEMPF 4. (
  • Demographic and clinical data were collected, including age, body mass index, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, respiratory quotient, and resting energy expenditure, with the clinical data measured or estimated via indirect calorimetry. (
  • The percent of adolescents' population with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 Kg/m2. (
  • Measure children's weight, height and body mass index routinely. (
  • The 2009-2010 NHANES anthropometry protocol included additional three arthritis body measurements (occiput-to-wall distance, chest expansion, and active lumbar flexion) for survey participants who were 20-69 years at the time of their health examination. (
  • Please refer to the NHANES 2009-2010 Anthropometry Procedures Manual ( ) for further details on obtaining body measurements. (
  • The Body Measures Procedures Manual includes detailed descriptions of the quality assurance and quality control measures that are used in NHANES anthropometry. (
  • The Core also provides standardized measurements of cardio-respiratory fitness (maximum and submaximum tests performed using upright, recumbent, and treadmill) and body composition (collected using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), air-displacement plethysmography (BodPod), bioelectrical impedance, and anthropometry). (
  • We aimed to assess the relevance of weight measurements during chemotherapy treatment. (
  • Conclusions Our observations from real-world data indicate it is safe to omit the current requirement for monthly weight measurements. (
  • There were no medical, safety, or other exclusions for the body measurements protocol. (
  • Arm and leg measurements were made on the right side of the body. (
  • If an examinee had an amputation, medical condition, or medical appliance, such as a cast, that prevented measurements from being taken on the right side of the body, the examiner took measurements on the left side. (
  • The body measurements file does not identify persons who had amputations because the information might be considered identifiable and pose a disclosure concern. (
  • This data file includes body measurements for women who were pregnant at the time of their health examination. (
  • These three measurements were released as a separate data file named Arthritis Body Measures (ARX_F). (
  • The body measurements file does not identify persons with amputations due to data disclosure concerns. (
  • A small number of measurements could not be obtained because of physical problems such as spine deformities, measures that exceeded the capacity of the measuring device, or when objects such as clothing (e.g., if a subject refused to change into an examination gown, remove their shoes, etc.) or hair decorations made it impossible to obtain accurate measurements. (
  • These latest NHANES data add to the knowledge about trends in child growth and development and trends in the distribution of body measurements, such as weight and height, in the U.S. population. (
  • The fitness scale use BIA (Bio-electrical Impedance Analysis) technology to provide high precision body measurements for those who are dieting or lossing weight. (
  • The Core supports the collection of highly sensitive, continuous measurements of whole-body energy metabolism. (
  • In France, pulse wave velocity measurements that are used to compute vascular age have been evaluated and validated on a group of patients against the gold standard to measure cardiovascular health. (
  • The Body Cardio from Withings does offer those measurements and I've found them pretty useful as long as you consistently use that same scale for your measurements. (
  • Doctors sometimes also use waist and hip measurements to measure excess body fat. (
  • Two experiments were conducted to determine in vitro DM digestibility of expanded pork skin chews and rawhide chews, and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD), gastrointestinal transit time, and blood metabolite measurements in healthy adult dogs fed a weight control commercial diet and expanded pork skin chews. (
  • It is going to leave the clubs to use other methods to estimate body fat of their potential draft picks, such as using the height and weight measurements to calculate BMI , and we know how badly that works as a measure of body fat in muscular individuals (like football players! (
  • This test measures student's aerobic capacity in the pacer test, body composition with weight and height measurements, muscular strength in doing push-ups, muscular endurance in performing sit-ups and flexibility with the shoulder stretch and trunk lift. (
  • Body composition was measured via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, leg strength by isokinetic dynamometry, and LEPF via 6-min walk, 8-ft up and go, and 30-s chair stand tests. (
  • In a message released Monday evening , the service said that, starting on the first day of 2023, commanders will no longer formally assign Marines to its body composition program (BCP) -- designed to help overweight troops lose weight -- or separate Marines for failing to lose weight while in the BCP "unless body fat is estimated by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) or bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). (
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  • A U.S. Marine participates in a body composition assessment on Aug. 22, 2022 via bioelectrical impedance analysis scan at The Basic School on Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia. (
  • Skip breakfast, lose weight? (
  • Recent developments suggest that the body fat expressed as a percentage of total body weight is a better indicator of health. (
  • Our job is to help you identify the best way to safely lower your body fat percentage to a healthy range without putting your physical or mental health at risk. (
  • If you are already at a healthy weight and body fat percentage for your height and age, trying to lose body fat is not appropriate. (
  • What is a healthy body fat percentage for women? (
  • Overestimation increased significantly with increasing fat losses, expressed as percentage fat of the weight loss and as change in triceps skinfolds. (
  • We used data on urinary Na excretion as an indicator of dietary salt and BMI standard deviation score (BMI-SDS) and percentage body fat (%BF) of children and adolescents participating in the DONALD (Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed) Study. (
  • The test determines the player's body fat percentage by measuring the thickness of a pinch of skin at multiple sites of the body. (
  • We have updated the maximum percentage allowed for females to reflect what the science told us was an equally-balanced and standardized body composition across the force. (
  • Measurement will be today's focus for how I lost weight. (
  • For other patients, extending this period to a 6-monthly weight measurement should be considered. (
  • However, recently, experts have started pointing out some limitations of the BMI measurement as an ideal tool to determine healthy weight. (
  • As is evident, body fat measurement is a more efficient method of calculating the healthy body weight compared to the BMI. (
  • However, common body fat measurement methods have a margin of error of 1-4%, and are not easily accessible by everybody. (
  • All survey participants were eligible for the body measurement component. (
  • The body measurement data were collected, in the Mobile Examination Center (MEC), by trained health technicians. (
  • The health technician was assisted by a recorder during the body measurement examination. (
  • The respondent's age at the time of the screening interview determined the body measurement examination protocol for survey participants. (
  • The body measurement examination rooms in each of the mobile examination centers were identical with respect to layout and equipment. (
  • Review criteria were based on NHANES 1999-2008 body measurement data. (
  • The purpose of this component is to collect high quality body measurement data on survey participants. (
  • The body measurement assessments performed on survey participants varied according to the age of the survey participant. (
  • The body measurement protocol used age at the time of the screening interview. (
  • The body measurement component was performed in a specially equipped room in the mobile examination center (MEC). (
  • The technician and recorders worked as a team to position, measure, and record the body measurement data accurately. (
  • The data entry system generated messages that prompted the health technicians to verify or re-check measures that were outside the 1st and 99th percentile limits for a particular measurement. (
  • An old-school method of fat measurement, callipers work by pinching the fat on certain areas of the body (triceps, chest, quad, waist etc) and measuring the thickness of the skinfold. (
  • Realizing that guessing what my weight was "way back when" was not the most efficient way to monitor my weight fluctuations and determine the impact of my diet and exercise , I decided to do some research to see if someone had created a scale that would automate the measurement and data collection process. (
  • First we stored each one proton and one carbon ion (12C6+) in separate compartments of our Penning trap apparatus, then transported alternately each one of the two ions into the central measurement compartment and measured its motion. (
  • Measurement properties of a multicultural weight-specific quality-of-life instrument for child ren and adolescent s. (
  • The aim of this study was to determine the relative efficacy of a higher protein diet with or without exercise to improve body composition, muscle strength, and LEPF in older inactive overweight/obese women after weight loss. (
  • Despite weight loss, muscle strength improved in the exercise groups (PRO + EX and CON + EX) but it declined in the PRO group ( P = 0.008). (
  • however, a higher protein diet does not appear to influence body composition, muscle strength, or LEPF changes when combined with multicomponent exercise. (
  • Disappointed, I assumed I had gained muscle weight and left it at that because denial ain't just a river in Egypt . (
  • Including: Best way to get rid of muscle soreness, phases of gaining and losing weight, accurately measure body fat, importance of heart rate for fat loss and more! (
  • Holiday weight gain, supplements for muscle, and preventing shoulder injuries. (
  • I was an athlete in high school and mostly muscle but still people enjoyed commenting on my weight & body. (
  • I had a decent amount of muscle, but had to lose some body fat. (
  • Join over 175,000 ShapeFit subscribers who are receiving our free weekly fitness newsletter and learn how you can build more muscle, burn off body fat and get into the best shape of your life! (
  • And remember that the benefit comes in losing excess fat - not lean muscle - and in maintaining whatever weight loss you achieve. (
  • J Strength Cond Res 34(7): 1851-1859, 2020-Free weights offer a more unstable training environment, which enhances muscle recruitment, whereas some machines have the advantage of using a "cam" pulley system that better matches strength curves. (
  • 22 ± 3 years) were randomized to train using free weights or machines for 8 weeks (with each muscle group trained 2-3/weeks, 3-4 sets of 4-10 repetitions). (
  • Muscle thickness and strength were measured at 0 and 8 weeks. (
  • that is, the constant resistance throughout the range of motion offered by free weights does not always match the strength of a muscle, which varies throughout the range of motion. (
  • If you cut too many calories, some of the weight you lose could be muscle rather than fat. (
  • During that time, they have often lost muscle and the weight they gain back is usually from fat. (
  • What does water actually do for a diet in general and weight loss in particular. (
  • You should always choose a diet plan or a weight loss program according to your body type. (
  • To determine the effects of a low-fat plant-based diet program on anthropometric and biochemical measures in a multicenter corporate setting. (
  • An 18-week dietary intervention using a low-fat plant-based diet in a corporate setting improves body weight, plasma lipids, and, in individuals with diabetes, glycemic control. (
  • A prior study of a dietary intervention involving two corporate sites of the Government Employees Insurance Company (GEICO), a major US insurance company with about 27 000 employees nationally, demonstrated that a low-fat plant-based diet led to favorable changes in body weight, plasma lipid concentrations and glycemic control. (
  • To maintain a healthy weight , it is typically necessary to have a healthy diet and a sustained programme of physical activity , both of which require commitment and restraint. (
  • Weight Loss Survival Guide: Insulin Resistance Diet, Adrenal Fatigue Diet, GAPS Diet, Negative Calorie Diet, Get Your Dream Body, Detox Your System, Zero Belly Recipes, Quit Sugar teaches you every step, including a proven meal plan for burning fat and dropping your weight. (
  • The objective of this research was to examine diet- and body size-related attitudes and behaviors associated with supplement use in a representative sample of fourth-grade students in Texas. (
  • Previous day vitamin supplement consumption, diet- and body size-related attitudes, food choices, demographic factors, and physical activity were the main outcome measures. (
  • Rats consuming green tea along with a high fat diet gained less body weight and accumulated less fat than animals not supplemented with tea, says a new study. (
  • Diet after diet, people can find their metabolisms getting slower and slower, often leading them to gain all their weight back and then some! (
  • If their 2km time trial is slow, extra work on the track is required, if their vertical jump score is low, a bit of extra leg work in the gym, if they are carrying a bit too much extra body fat, the sports dietitian can guide them to make changes to improve their diet. (
  • The main outcome of the present citation analysis was that published reviews concluding a beneficial relationship between low/no calorie sweeteners and body weight cite mainly randomised controlled trials (RCTs), whereas reviews concluding an adverse relationship cite mainly observational studies. (
  • Changes in outcome measures were assessed using paired samples t-tests for continuous variables or McNemar's test for dichotomous categorical variables. (
  • The primary outcome measures is social and occupational function (SaOF) and will be assessed by the continuous Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS)[12 months post-intervention commencement is the primary timepoint. (
  • What your canine's weight loss program consists of may be very important. (
  • Did you know that your canine's weight loss program needs to be following a feeding schedule? (
  • Often, when people start their new weight loss program, they have a lot of drive to stick with it. (
  • Drinking Water and Weight Loss. (
  • Some claim that drinking water is a fast weight loss technique. (
  • There are several diets and weight loss plans in the market but you need to be careful regarding which one you opt in for or choose. (
  • It's no surprise that a great number of weight loss programs. (
  • Weight Loss and MSM All weight loss diets come with life-changing approaches or at least with new substances, habits, activities introduced into your daily routine. (
  • In today's world many people have found themselves overweight and unable to transform themselves through a waist weight loss program into the correct weight they desire. (
  • Waist weight loss through yoga can be a very effective way to take the inches off and. (
  • Want a weight loss program which will transform your body and your mind? (
  • [ 2 , 3 ] It has been established that weight loss and exercise/physical activity interventions are effective behavioral strategies for attenuating functional decline and reducing risk for disability in older adults. (
  • [ 1 ] Regarding the latter, Villareal and colleagues [ 4 ] were one of the first to report that calorically restricted weight loss and exercise combined resulted in greater improvements in physical function compared with weight loss or exercise alone in older adults. (
  • People with BMIs greater than 30 are said to be obese and should be seriously concerned about weight loss and lifestyle control. (
  • After losing over 150lbs, Kendall became a personal trainer certified in fitness nutrition, women's fitness, and weight loss by the National Academy of Sports Medicine. (
  • Lovingly known as Evil Fitness Barbie or The Fitness Fairy Godmother, I'm a wife and mother of two who has gone from couch potato to NASM-certified trainer, with specialties in weight loss, women's fitness, and nutrition. (
  • Does a weight loss blog belong in a list of body positive spaces? (
  • Weight Loss Survival Guide is full of recipes and ideas for people with weight problems, proven techniques of that have worked for thousands of people just like you. (
  • These methods are backed up countless research studies, all which will arm you with a mindset primed for success through powerful, concrete, and flexible weight loss techniques. (
  • Q&A: Measuring Body Fat, Heart Rate Importance, Phases of Weight Loss and more. (
  • We studied the effect of the composition of weight loss on the accuracy of BIS to measure changes in body fluid volumes during severe weight loss. (
  • RESULTS: After 1 year, weight decreased by 53 kg, TBW (Deu) loss was 8.7 L, and ECW (Br) loss was 4.3 L. Comparison of BIS with reference methods for measuring all possible changes over 6 time-intervals revealed a mean overestimation of TBW (2.4 L, SD = 2.9) and ECW (0.74 L, SD = 2.6) losses by BIS. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: BIS with the use of mixture equations overestimates fluid losses during weight loss. (
  • abstract = "Accuracy of bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy in measuring changes in body composition during severe weight loss.Cox-Reijven PL, van Kreel B, Soeters PB.Department of Dietetics, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands. (
  • The researchers concluded that while breakfast may have several health benefits, weight loss isn't one of them. (
  • Regularly eating convenience foods such as fast food, candy and processed snacks is associated with weight gain and may hinder your weight loss efforts. (
  • Not getting enough quality sleep may harm your weight loss efforts. (
  • Will patients accept tanning if weight loss is robust? (
  • Tinamarie's Weight Loss Story! (
  • How long have you maintained your weight loss and how do you do it? (
  • How did ShapeFit help you reach your weight loss goals? (
  • has been extremely helpful with new workout ideas, and their weight loss stories are very motivational! (
  • Tinamarie's Weight Loss Eating Plan! (
  • Weekly Weigh In: Weight Loss Journal FOR WOMEN AND GIRLS SIMPLE easy to use. (
  • A weight-loss device approved by the FDA last week has some doctors up in arms, with one even attempting to put together 4,000 physicians to sue the agency. (
  • He had initially (after months of nagging from me) visited our family doctor with huge weight gain, extreme tiredness, long term fibromyalgia, low body temperature and loss of eye brows, continuous night sweats that soaked the bed, plus grey looking skin and pains all over his body. (
  • Weight loss was maintained at 12 months. (
  • Sibutramine hydrochloride monohydrate (Meridia, Abbott Laboratories, Inc) inhibits norepinephrine and serotonin reuptake, resulting in enhanced satiety and weight loss. (
  • 5 The efficacy of sibutramine in inducing and maintaining weight loss has been established for up to 2 years in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. (
  • These recommendations state that obese individuals should be offered a program that includes intensive counseling and behavior interventions to promote sustained weight loss. (
  • A five percent weight loss translates to 13 pounds for someone who weighs 250 pounds, 10 pounds for someone who weighs 200, or 9 pounds for someone who weighs 180. (
  • Weight loss of 10 percent tends to produce even greater improvements in these health measures. (
  • Cancer is a disease that develops over years, so risk is unlikely to change immediately with weight loss. (
  • However, since research shows that factors like elevated insulin levels that promote cancer decrease with even five percent weight loss, it seems reasonable to expect that cancer risk may change with relatively modest losses, too. (
  • In a large study of weight gain and loss in post-menopausal women, the most common pattern of body weight was a consistent increase throughout adulthood, and these women had the highest rates of breast cancer. (
  • For any individual, the healthiest weight loss recommendations may vary, so do discuss this with your doctor. (
  • During and after weight loss, focus on creating and maintaining a healthy new lifestyles. (
  • Most of the weight loss programs offer drugs made of chemicals that have more adverse impacts on body than the positive ones. (
  • Line A birds were more resistant to intestinal pathology as demonstrated by lower lesion scores compared to line B. As might be expected, the lower lesion scores in line A chickens were often accompanied by higher final BW compared to line B chickens, thus reducing potential revenue loss associated with low carcass weights often observed with coccidia-infected birds. (
  • But, virtually no one thinks about the quality or nature of their weight loss. (
  • Any weight loss (where 1 lb is equal to 16 oz of water) plus the amount of fluid consumed while working out is your total sweat loss. (
  • Weight loss may often feel like an impossible goal. (
  • All are important for a healthy lifestyle and weight loss. (
  • This is why many people reach a plateau in weight loss. (
  • Low-calorie diets often lead to more weight loss in the beginning, but it is mostly due to water loss. (
  • Research shows that a mild decrease in calories has the same amount of weight loss in the long term. (
  • Rapid weight loss also has side effects such as reproductive disturbances, heart arrhythmias, hair loss, and gallstones. (
  • Healthy weight loss is considered to be ½-2 pounds per week. (
  • Bone loss seen on radiography was measured by drawing a vertical line from the cementoenamel in the distal part of the 36 teeth and the mesial portion of 46 teeth to the base of the bone marked by the lamina dura intact. (
  • Scientific evidence indicates that multidisciplinary programs reliably produce and sustain modest weight loss between 5% and 10% for the long-term. (
  • Patients who have a history of being unable to successfully lose and maintain weight and who meet label indications are candidates for weight loss medications. (
  • If a patient's response to a weight loss medication is deemed effective (weight loss of 5% or more of body weight at 3 mo) and safe, it is recommended that the medication be continued. (
  • If deemed ineffective (weight loss less than 5% at 3 mo) or if there are safety or tolerability issues at any time, it is recommended that the medication be discontinued and alternative medications or referral for alternative treatment approaches be considered. (
  • Furthermore, some consequences of a particular behavior, such as eating a slice of cake, are uncertain or distant (e.g., weight gain does not follow immediately), whereas other consequences yield immediate gratification (e.g., a pleasant feeling), making it difficult to choose what is advantageous in the long term. (
  • A widely used measure for decision-making under uncertainty is the Iowa Gambling task (IGT) [ 10 ], in which participants try to gain a maximum number of points by drawing cards from four decks. (
  • Weight gain after kidney transplantation affects 50% to 90% of kidney transplant recipients. (
  • Factors leading to weight gain in recipients are thought to include a change in lifestyle (eg, dietary intake and physical activity), age, race, sex, and immunosuppressant medications. (
  • To examine dietary intake and physical activity of kidney transplant recipients at baseline and 3 and 6 months after transplantation to identify contributing factors to weight gain. (
  • Descriptive, correlational study using secondary data from a larger parent study examining genetic and environmental contributors to weight gain after kidney transplantation. (
  • Mean weight gain increased by 6% from baseline to 6 months. (
  • Little consideration has been given to dietary intake and physical activity of kidney transplant recipients and the effects of these variables on weight gain. (
  • Further studies with a larger sample are needed, as weight gain after transplantation is a significant risk factor for diminished long-term outcomes. (
  • These behavioural patterns may contribute to weight gain over time. (
  • The pathway from personality traits to weight gain is complex and probably includes physiological mechanisms, in addition to behavioural ones,' Sutin said. (
  • When my Doctor told me two months ago that I might have hypothyroidism I was kind of bummed that the weight gain did not set off any red flags for me. (
  • So far, research has generally shown a link between skipping breakfast and the likelihood of being overweight, but it hasn't proven that skipping breakfast causes weight gain. (
  • When you gain weight and want to talk about it -- whatever your feelings about it are -- with partners or others you're in intimate relationships with, how can you do that, especially in a world where so few people are equipped with the skills to talk about weight in healthy, sensitive, supportive ways? (
  • Since the pill makes you gain weight, I drink green tea, which is supposed to increase your metabolism (I'm desperate not to gain weight). (
  • He also saw one of his best friends lose a lot of weight with a gastric band, a silicone device wrapped around the stomach that restricts the amount of food a person can eat - only to gain it back once the band was removed. (
  • Some people can gain weight on less than 600 calories per day because their metabolisms are so slow. (
  • Weight gain occurs when people take in more calories than they burn. (
  • Doctors have known for years the connection between thyroid and weight gain, and they have known the connection between thyroid and low body temperature. (
  • Unfortunately, few doctors make the obvious and critical connection between temperature and weight gain. (
  • Once you consume this superfood, you start feeling enhancement of your mood and gain loads of energy in your body. (
  • However, studies that have attempted to link maternal perceptions of children's weight to subsequent weight gain have shown controversial findings (6-9). (
  • The results suggest vigorous activity, regardless of volume, is important in preventing excessive weight gain in young people. (
  • EE (strong) and SIL (mild) stimulated uterine weight (increased uterus hyperplastic endometrial glands) but EE only prevented body weight gain following OVX. (
  • Many people feel so restricted that they return to their previous habits and gain weight back. (
  • In obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who require insulin therapy, at least one of the following is suggested: metformin, pramlintide, or GLP-1 agonists to mitigate associated weight gain due to insulin. (
  • In women with a BMI of 27 kg/m 2 or more with comorbidities or a BMI of 30 kg/m 2 or more, seeking contraception, oral contraceptives are suggested over injectable medications because of weight gain with injectables, provided that women are well informed about the risks and benefits (ie, oral contraceptives are not contraindicated). (
  • The occurrence of rapid infant weight gain (RWG) may be associated with weight outcomes throughout the life cycle. (
  • With weights and machines, if you've added a few pounds or a plate, you know you've progressed, but after some time of practicing bodyweight skills there can be a long period of time before you get another repetition. (
  • BMI is calculated as weight in pounds divided by height in inches squared and multiplied by 703. (
  • Nearly 80% of people on the National Weight Control Registry, a group of more than 4,000 people who have lost at least 30 pounds and kept it off, eat breakfast every day. (
  • I lost over 25 pounds years ago, and have kept the weight off. (
  • I lost 8 pounds of body fat! (
  • Inertia causes touch weight to increase as a key is played faster, e.g. 2 oz. will usually start a key moving, but 4 oz. are needed to get a key to sound and several pounds for a loud sound. (
  • Similarly, she has a weight of sixty three kg or 139 pounds which are appropriate in keeping with her height. (
  • Weight in pounds */ @100 BMI 6. (
  • Another method, called Bioelectrical Impedance (BEI), measures body fat electronically. (
  • BACKGROUND: Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) is an attractive method for measuring body composition because it is noninvasive, simple, and cheap. (
  • Dietary intake, body weight, plasma lipid concentrations, blood pressure and glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1C ) were determined at baseline and 18 weeks. (
  • Our results suggest that a high intake of processed salty foods could have a negative impact on body weight status in children and adolescents independently from their consumption of SCB. (
  • However, chew intake did not change transit time as measured by a wireless motility device. (
  • Food intake and body weight were measured daily. (
  • The video demonstrates the NHANES III anthropometric procedures in detail, and illustrates all of the measures except the calf circumference. (
  • At baseline, there was a younger age and higher weight, BMI, and waist circumference in the drug group. (
  • Significant reductions in BMI, body fat, and waist circumference occurred in the drug group. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Agreement between arm circumference, weight for age, and weight for height measures of malnutrition in children. (
  • Anderson MA, Gopaldas T, Abbi R, Gujral S. Agreement between arm circumference, weight for age, and weight for height measures of malnutrition in children. (
  • Agewise agreement between mid-upper arm circumference (AC), weight for age and weight for height assessment of nutritional status was analyzed for 5,509 Indian children 1 to 5 years of age. (
  • When it comes to bodyweight training, after a certain point those metrics aren't going to apply as well. (
  • Here you can interactively view all manner of metrics related to your weight over a varied period of time. (
  • Participants completed anthropometric measures and health and lifestyle questionnaires at enrolment. (
  • Among their other findings: conscientious participants tended to be leaner, and weight did not contribute to changes in personality across adulthood. (
  • The study authors did not measure participants' appetite, body fat or metabolism, which previous research has shown may be affected by breakfast eating. (
  • Food choices and other daily-life decisions are often characterized by competing goals, for example, more short-term hedonic goals like enjoying a palatable snack and rather long-term goals like keeping a healthy body weight [ 3 ]. (
  • We examined the association between dietary salt and body weight status. (
  • That all said, if you're gaining weight over the course of a workout, then you are drinking too much. (
  • When I don't measure for a few days, I get on the scale to see if I've gained weight. (
  • Simply step on the scale and your weight will show up instantly on the digital screen. (
  • I ran across one blend (Moka Kadir) that must have been light because 14 grams was too much volume in the filter basket, I ended up lowering the dose to suit the dosing volume, but measured the new dose with a gram scale and used the scale thereafter for consistent dosing. (
  • Thankfully, a company by the name of Withings has with their Wifi Body Scale . (
  • The Withings WiFi body scale connects to your wireless network and automatically updates your weight to their site where it is plotted on a beautiful interactive graph. (
  • An algorithm determines who is standing on the scale at any given time (by comparing weights I would imagine) and when two people with similar skeletal girth use the scale shifting your weight from side to side allows you to select your profile. (
  • From a user's perspective this is awesome because you are not required to do anything more then stand on a scale (as you always have) yet because the Withings scale is able to measure body fat it is able to provide you with a wealth of actionable information with regard to your body composition. (
  • If you want a way to automate the collection of your weight this scale is perfect! (
  • My weight-based trauma showed up in the form of scale phobia. (
  • The nurse put the scale in front of me and I had no time to escape the weight request. (
  • When I got off the scale and she shared with me my weight I felt nothing. (
  • Measure everything you eat on a scale. (
  • Scale only weights 3 lbs, the size is 10''x10''x1'' with a max capacity of 400 lb / 180 kg, glass thickness is only 6 mm, very slim to save room space. (
  • Step on the scale and without your phone and it not only will show your weight but also show you Body Fat , Water Contain. (
  • Scale only weights 3 lbs, the size is 10''x10''x1'', very slim to save room space. (
  • Easily exchange measuring units between lb/kg through the APP or from the bottom of the scale. (
  • Body Cardio is the first scale to provide a cardiovascular check up in less than 30 seconds. (
  • Definitely helps with measuring your progress despite seeing the same weight on the scale. (
  • Our team will enter your height, weight and age onto the device (which looks like a scale) and then perform a test that sends a weak electrical current throughout the body. (
  • Losing weight can be a bit of a challenge, and when you exercise, eat right, and then stand on the scale and see numbers you did not expect to see based on your efforts, it can be very discouraging. (
  • If you are overweight, losing at least five percent of your weight is what research identifies as "clinically meaningful. (
  • One week later, wild-type ADP (0.1 µg/g) or PBS (2 µl) was injected i.c.v., or ADP (2 µg/g) or PBS (100 µl) was injected i.v. After measuring glucose in tail blood, mice were habituated in calorimeter cages from 08:00 to 10:00, followed by treatment and indirect calorimetry for 3 h. (
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether resting energy expenditure, respiratory quotient, and oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production (measured by indirect calorimetry) differ between critically ill patients with vs without sepsis. (
  • Improvement doesn't always have to be measured by increased repetitions or weight load. (
  • It is widely acknowledged that a body of evidence based on RCTs is rated as being of high quality, while evidence from non-randomized trials or observational studies is rated as being of low quality. (
  • In line with the reported finding that most of the cited RCTs reported a beneficial effect of low/no calorie sweeteners on body weight whereas most cited observational studies reported a neutral/ adverse association, the analysis found that individual reviews that cited mainly RCTs concluded to a beneficial effect/ association of low/no calorie sweeteners with body weight, whereas reviews citing mostly observational studies reported an adverse effect/ association. (
  • Then we'll show you how to figure out if you've got excess body fat to lose before getting into the business of learning how to lose fat, focusing on nutrition, exercise, your menstrual cycle and stress . (
  • However, there is such a thing as too much of anything and excess body fat can be a real health concern. (
  • It is very useful to know the level of excess fat a player is carrying because excess body fat would affect the AFL player's ability to jump vertically, move freely around the ground, and the extra weight can increase fatigue, which are all important aspects of the game of AFL. (
  • You can not eat anything like a regular day during pregnancy because a child's body is susceptible to developing gradually. (
  • To administer an appropriate dose it is therefore necessary to know the patient's correct body weight. (
  • AORN Ergonom ic Tool 3: Lifting and Holding the Patient's Legs, Arms, and Head While Prepping provides scientifically based determinations of the amount of weight perioperative personnel can safely lift and hold manually for up to one, two, and three minutes using one hand or both. (
  • The patient's age, height and weight (wearing indoor clothes without shoes) are recorded for use in the calculation of reference values. (
  • Educate the players on the personal benefits of having skinfolds measured, and how it can enhance their physical performance and consequently the team's performance. (
  • Height and weight were not typically measured in persons who used wheelchairs. (
  • BMI is a measure of height and weight that estimates body fat. (
  • height and weight were measured. (
  • 30, based on self-reported height and weight. (
  • Height and weight should be expressed with the units in use in the country, corresponding to the ones of the selected reference equation. (
  • The benefits of bodyweight training are numerous: from increased body awareness and coordination, to strength and flexibility gains in ways quite a bit different from weight and machine training. (
  • In addition, for general guidelines on standard procedures that were followed for the anthropometric measures, please refer to the Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual (Lohman, 1988). (
  • We also examined the relation between body size and the prevalence of chronic disease in the ATP population. (
  • o Two aspects of NHANES III, especially, should be taken into account when conducting any analyses: the sample weights and the complex survey design. (
  • With the extensive oversampling of blacks, Mexican Americans, young children and older adults in NHANES III, it is IMPERATIVE that sample weights be used in all analyses in order to interpret the findings correctly. (
  • With studies revealing new insights into body weight and health issues, people no longer talk about body weight by itself. (
  • HealthStatus has been operating since 1998 providing the best interactive health tools on the Internet, millions of visitors have used our blood alcohol, body fat and calories burned calculators. (
  • The health technicians used their discretion to obtain as many measures as practical for persons who used a wheelchair. (
  • All body measures were obtained by trained health technicians. (
  • You see, a survey of WH readers revealed their main health goal is to lose body fat, so we know it's important to you. (
  • Higher levels of body fat are linked to some pretty gnarly health issues. (
  • As part of a larger workplace health program, the researchers measured the BMIs of 2,782 employees, mostly white, middle-aged men with college educations. (
  • The combined use of WHtR, body-shape images rather than word responses regarding perception and public health messages that educate parents and children about body shape and associated health risks may be the best combination in improving parents ' perception of their child 's overweight status. (
  • Using the annual Health Survey for England we compare how different types of physical activities predict a person's weight. (
  • The majority of science on tea has looked at green tea, with benefits reported for reducing the risk of Alzheimer's and certain cancers, improving cardiovascular and oral health, as well as aiding in weight management. (
  • How much weight do I need to lose in order to get health benefits? (
  • It has magical effects on human health from preventing pre-aging to maintaining blood pressure and providing the body with extra energy. (
  • The result is that you lose weight along with developing other health problems. (
  • In a controversial move, the Australian Football League (AFL) have removed skinfold testing from the annual combine test battery , over mental health and body image concerns. (
  • The importance of body composition as a true measure of fitness and health has exploded in recent years. (
  • So, you have to take the proper measures to protect yourself and keep the health of your child stable. (
  • If you plan a baby, you must consult your doctor and share health issues, like weight management or diabetes. (
  • Customize Your Way to Optimal Body Chemistry and Overflowing Energy" and Learn How to Test Your Way to Your Best Health. (
  • Even a 5-10% decrease in weight can have major health benefits. (
  • How is it that certain people can lose the weight and keep it off? (
  • Many people today are struggling to lose weight. (
  • GNLD's GR2 Control -- Helping Obese Men to Lose Weight.With some obese males, gastric bypass surgical treatment may seem just like the only alternative. (
  • Tried diets, gym and other uninspiring ways to lose weight but nothing helps? (
  • Supplements like Fatburner products can help you lose weight. (
  • For example, if one wishes to lose weight for an upcoming vacation, it is helpful to set smaller goals. (
  • Ask yourself, "How much weight do I want to lose before the vacation and what steps do I have to take in order to achieve the same? (
  • Want to lose body fat? (
  • When it comes to learning how to lose body fat, information overload is a real thing. (
  • Is there anyone who shouldn't try to lose body fat? (
  • A few years ago I decided I would start jogging in an attempt to lose some weight . (
  • It helps you lose weight! (
  • But a new study suggests the 'most important meal of the day' may not be so important - at least for adults trying to lose weight. (
  • What made you decide to lose weight? (
  • What were the most important changes you made to lose weight? (
  • If it's a struggle for them to lose weight now, just imagine if it got any worse. (
  • Hence, consuming it will not multiply your weight rather it will help you lose it yet it will maintain your energy level without a compromise. (
  • The post Raw Cacao Helps You Lose Weight appeared first on Evertise . (
  • Lose weight? (
  • The sports science staff at a football club would like to know if a player is carrying extra weight that he could potentially lose, a worthwhile and often an easily achievable task. (
  • Your body is made up of 60-75% water and when you sweat, you begin to lose water quickly. (
  • Drinking water alone when we are exercising can be risky since we can lose an appreciable amount of sodium in our sweat (700 to 1400 mg per liter of sweat) and if we don't replace that sodium then an influx of just water can dilute the sodium in our body. (
  • Ideally, try not to lose more than 3% of your body weight from dehydration. (
  • If you eat less calories than what your body uses, then you should lose weight right? (
  • If you eat too few calories it can actually make it harder for you to lose weight. (
  • Here are a few reasons why it's important to get enough calories when you are trying to lose weight. (
  • Mothers' perceptions of their children's weight remain mostly unknown in oil-rich countries of the Middle East. (
  • To compare maternal perceptions of their children's weight with actual body weight. (
  • Among 4624 mothers who had normal weight children, 1350 (29.20%) perceived their children's weight as below normal. (
  • In this study, we assessed the perceptions of children's weight status among mothers of children aged 2 to (
  • To assess maternal perceptions of their children's weight status, we asked mothers whether they thought their children's weight was normal, below normal, or above normal. (
  • Excess body weight during adulthood has been consistently associated with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at multiple sites among other chronic diseases. (
  • Compared to this group, women who gained weight during some period of adulthood but then lost and maintained at least 5 percent of their body weight, decreased their risk of breast cancer by 20 percent or more. (
  • METHODS: In 10 morbidly obese female subjects who underwent gastric reduction surgery, changes in total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) were monitored for 1 year by deuterium (Deu) and bromide (Br) dilution and by BIS. (
  • Measured changes in Recw and Ricw were less than expected for an ideal agreement between dilution methods and mixture equations. (
  • The Marine Corps has announced that it is changing the way it determines the body composition of its Marines, becoming the first military branch to move away from the traditional tape test in favor of more accurate methods. (
  • In the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), overweight as compared to normal-weight adults make more risky decisions resulting in immediate rewards and long-term losses. (
  • Researchers split 309 adults who were interested in losing weight into three groups. (
  • We examined the effects on hazard ratios of such misclassification using national US survey data for 1976 through 2010 that had both measured and self-reported weight and height along with mortality follow-up for 48,763 adults and a subset of 17,405 healthy never-smokers. (
  • Children who are overweight or obese as preschoolers are 5 times as likely as normal-weight children to be overweight or obese as adults. (
  • Previously, Marines' body composition was determined solely using a tape test that measured a person's neck and waist and compared that value against their height. (
  • Normal-weight subjects typically have equivalent values when tested sitting or standing, but, for longitudinal studies, the same test position should be used each time. (
  • It protects your organs, cushions joints, regulates body temperature and is responsible for the secretion of certain hormones. (
  • The body temperature is probably the most important reading doctors rarely check! (
  • There is a vast difference between trying to get to a normal weight with a normal temperature and trying it with a low temperature. (
  • With a normal temperature it's much easier and people are more likely to keep the weight off when they're finished. (
  • She told him a low body temperature was sometimes normal and nothing to get excited about. (
  • But I had been researching on the web about low body temperature and found the Wilson site. (
  • Rectal temperature was measured with a thermistor (YSI model 4600). (
  • Temperature measured in Farenheit */ @110 BPSYS 3. (
  • Weighted products provide proprioceptive input that helps establish increased body awareness, improve attention span and concentration, and has calming benefits. (
  • We advise that during chemotherapy, measuring the body weight in patients who have acute leukaemia, lymphoma or pancreatic cancer or who are under 20 years of age, should be performed at least every 3 months. (
  • Using a 3-wave longitudinal study, we examined decision-making in a matched sample of 94 overweight and 94 normal-weight children (49% girls, aged 6-9 years at wave 1) over a 3-year period. (
  • One of the issues that we've heard from people over the years is the seeming difficulty of measuring progress with bodyweight training. (
  • People with personality traits of high neuroticism and low conscientiousness are likely to go through cycles of gaining and losing weight throughout their lives, according to an examination of 50 years of data in a study published by the American Psychological Association . (
  • Are you terrified of ending up old having wasted years of your life with weight problems and feeling sluggish? (
  • The skinfold test is a body composition assessment that is used throughout the world, and has been performed at the annual Draft Combine for over 20 years. (
  • Objective To test the association between RWG, genetic polymorphisms and children's nutritional status Methodology (Manuscript 1): Cross-sectional study with databases of population surveys in children with adequate birth weight in Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia and Peru to estimate the association between RWG and excess weight in children aged 0 to 5 years. (
  • Additionally, ATs may implement patient education, nutritional programs and empowerment educational programs for transgender individuals to encourage and motivate them to participate in preventive measures to help manage the complications and side effects they may encounter while and after transitioning. (
  • Where possible, weight of children is preferable to AC for nutritional status assessment, due to large number of moderately or severely malnourished children likely to be wrongly classified as normal by AC. (
  • The hydration level of the body greatly affects the fat calculated through the BEI method . (
  • Children with brain tumors (CBT) are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes compared to the general population, in which birth weight is a risk factor for these diseases. (
  • Physical activity can help you stay at a healthy weight and lower your cholesterol and blood pressure levels. (
  • Moreover, this superfood doesn't have fats, thus, it also helps you normalize your blood lipid and thereby maintain good level of cholesterol in your body. (
  • Serum triglyceride, cholesterol, ß-hydroxybutyric acid and nonesterified fatty acids were measured using colorimetric assays (Stanbio Laboratories and Wako Chemicals). (
  • The gallstones are crystals that are made of cholesterol in your body. (
  • aged 7 yrs old at baseline), physical activity was measured objectively at baseline. (
  • control measures for people with diabetes. (
  • Obese patients (n = 588) starting a weight management program were enrolled. (
  • This prospective, randomized, controlled trial involved obese patients enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Weight Management Program (KPWMP). (
  • Measuring your food every time that you eat will be a huge key to your losing weight and keeping it off. (
  • It's no secret that we feel that skill development and body control exercises are how you should spend the majority of your training time. (
  • That equation never fails, but the key is to ensure your consistent effort is directed toward a particular goal, and your improvement is able to be measured over time. (
  • To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to examine whether personality is associated with fluctuations in weight over time,' they wrote. (
  • Subjects were weighed and measured over time. (
  • You can have low body temperatures even if you feel hot all of the time. (
  • Body Cardio measures the time difference between blood ejection by the heart in the aorta and the arrival of blood flow in the feet. (
  • The time it takes for the pressure wave to travel along the arterial tree is used by Body Cardio to compute pulse wave velocity. (
  • BATH & BODY items always ship separately and turnaround time is 7-10 business days (M-F excluding USPS Holiday) and Expedited and Rush shipping does not apply to these items. (
  • fourth through six grades: higher grades), sex, weight, and height were collected in addition to the time spent per day engaging in each specific sedentary behavior separately: (1) reading or listening to music, (2) TV or video viewing, (3) TV game use, (4) internet use excluding class, (5) homework, and (6) car travel. (
  • As time goes on, our body does not have that same energy level and power of resistance. (
  • People restrict the number of calories and the types of food they eat, sometimes using extreme measures like excessive exercising or vomiting after eating because they see themselves as overweight even when they're underweight. (
  • Body composition was measured using DEXA (General Electric). (
  • There are several ways to measure exercise progress, and you can use any one, or a combination of a couple, to test out your success on a particular program or with a particular movement. (
  • This will help a fitness specialist measure the maximum rate of oxygen your body can use during exercise. (
  • Thankfully, there are other ways to measure your improvements and it's much more than someone yelling at you to do the same thing over and over again until something happens! (
  • In additions to the improvements in body weight and decreased fat accumulation for the 2 percent green tea group, the researchers noted that both green tea groups displayed a reduction in digestion of protein of about 17 percent, compared with about 7 percent in the high fat fed animals only. (
  • BMI does not give any indication of about the location of body fat in an overweight or obese person. (