The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The consumption of edible substances.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Services providing counseling and activities that help overweight individuals to attain a more healthy body weight.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Measuring and weighing systems and processes.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Glucose in blood.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The consumption of liquids.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Agents that are used to suppress appetite.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The highest dosage administered that does not produce toxic effects.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
Abstaining from all food.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The physical measurements of a body.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Mutant mice exhibiting a marked obesity coupled with overeating, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, marked insulin resistance, and infertility when in a homozygous state. They may be inbred or hybrid.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Experiments designed to determine the potential toxic effects of a long-term exposure to a chemical or chemicals.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
A 30-kDa protein synthesized primarily in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND and the HYPOTHALAMUS. It is also found in the skin and other peripheral tissues. Depending on species and tissues, POMC is cleaved by PROHORMONE CONVERTASES yielding various active peptides including ACTH; BETA-LIPOTROPIN; ENDORPHINS; MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES; and others (GAMMA-LPH; CORTICOTROPIN-LIKE INTERMEDIATE LOBE PEPTIDE; N-terminal peptide of POMC or NPP).
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.

Decreased expression and function of adipocyte hormone-sensitive lipase in subcutaneous fat cells of obese subjects. (1/871)

Decreased lipolytic effect of catecholamines in adipose tissue has repeatedly been demonstrated in obesity and may be a cause of excess accumulation of body fat. However, the mechanisms behind this lipolysis defect are unclear. The role of hormone-sensitive lipase was examined using abdominal subcutaneous adipocytes from 34 obese drug-free and otherwise healthy males or females and 14 non-obese control subjects. The enzyme catalyzes the rate-limiting step of the lipolysis pathway. The maximum lipolytic capacity of fat cells was significantly decreased in obesity when measured using either a non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor agonist (isoprenaline) or a phosphodiesterase resistant cyclic AMP analogue (dibutyryl cyclic AMP). Likewise, enzyme activity, protein expression, and mRNA of hormone-sensitive lipase were significantly decreased in adipocytes of obese subjects. The findings were not influenced by age or gender. The data suggest that a decreased expression of hormone-sensitive lipase in subcutaneous fat cells, which in turn causes decreased enzyme function and impaired lipolytic capacity of adipocytes, is present in obesity. Impaired expression of the hormone-sensitive lipase gene might at least in part explain the enzyme defect.  (+info)

Human body composition: in vivo methods. (2/871)

In vivo methods used to study human body composition continue to be developed, along with more advanced reference models that utilize the information obtained with these technologies. Some methods are well established, with a strong physiological basis for their measurement, whereas others are much more indirect. This review has been structured from the methodological point of view to help the reader understand what can be examined with each technique. The associations between the various in vivo methods (densitometry, dilution, bioelectrical impedance and conductance, whole body counting, neutron activation, X-ray absorptiometry, computer tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging) and the five-level multicompartment model of body composition are described, along with the limitations and advantages of each method. This review also provides an overview of the present status of this field of research in human biology, including examples of reference body composition data for infants, children, adolescents, and adults.  (+info)

Relationship between gibbosity and Cobb angle during treatment of idiopathic scoliosis with the SpineCor brace. (3/871)

The objective of this study was to quantify the relationship between gibbosity and spinal deformation expressed by the angle of Cobb before and during treatment with a brace for different classes of idiopathic scoliosis patients. As part of the standard treatment with the Dynamic Corrective Brace (SpineCor), 89 idiopathic scoliosis patients underwent an initial radiological examination and gibbosity measurement with a scoliometer wearing and not wearing the brace. The 89 patients were classified in relation to the apex of the scoliosis curves: thoracic (n = 29); thoracolumbar (n = 40); lumbar (n = 7) and double (n = 13). With the dynamic corrective brace, the patients showed a mean decrease of 8.3 degrees for the major Cobb angle, and a mean decrease of 2.3 degrees for their gibbosity. There was a significant positive relationship between gibbosity and Cobb angle with and without the brace for the thoracic and thoracolumbar curves. A linear regression analysis identified a small mean estimation error for the thoracic curves (7.4 degrees no-brace; 2.7 degrees with brace) and thoracolumbar curves (5.2 degrees no-brace; 5.3 degrees with brace), indicating a predictive potential of the scoliometer. The measure of gibbosity with the scoliometer provides a fairly reliable estimation of Cobb angle at the initial clinical examination of a scoliosis patient. However, when initial Cobb angle and gibbosity are considered, the measure of gibbosity when wearing a brace provides the clinician with a highly reliable estimation of the Cobb angle while in a brace. This relationship also exists for the follow-up with a brace, permitting a judgement of the patient's evolution under the treatment with SpineCor.  (+info)

Why should diagnostic benign breast biopsies weight less than twenty grams? (4/871)

To reduce the cosmetic deformity resulting from diagnostic biopsies, current breast screening guidelines recommend that 80% of biopsy specimens that subsequently prove to be benign should weigh less than 20 g. The relationship between specimen weight and cosmesis is unknown and evidence to support a 20 g upper limit is lacking. Patient satisfaction following all benign biopsies weighing more than 20 g (n = 49) and a random sample of 30 of those weighing less than 20 g (n = 103) performed by one screening unit, over a 6 year period, was assessed by a postal questionnaire. Overall, 32% of patients were unhappy with the cosmetic outcome of their surgery. Patient dissatisfaction appeared to increase with specimen weight (6/23 [26%] < 20 g versus 13/36 [36%] > 20 g) but no statistically significant relationship between weight and cosmesis was apparent (P = 0.57). Reducing benign breast biopsy specimen weights to a minimum is a desirable objective. However, the current quality standard is not evidence-based, is too stringent and should be revised. Strategies need to be introduced to improve patient satisfaction following breast wire-localisation biopsies. In particular, patients should be counselled pre-operatively regarding possible adverse cosmetic outcome.  (+info)

Injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve during harvest of iliac bone graft, with reference to the size of the graft. (5/871)

In patients who underwent autogenous iliac bone grafting we studied prospectively injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) in relation to the size (length, depth, width) of the graft. We also examined the neurological deficit, by questioning them about numbness and/or pain in the lateral thigh. The risk of injury was significantly higher in those in whom the depth of the graft was more than 30 mm. With regard to the length of the graft the incidence of nerve injury was 20% when the graft was 45 mm long or more, 16% when it was between 30 mm and 45 mm long, and 8% when it was less than 30 mm long. We should inform patients of the possibility of such injury, and take size into consideration when harvesting grafts from the ilium.  (+info)

Migration of the femoral stem after impaction bone grafting. First results of an ongoing, randomised study of the exeter and elite plus femoral stems using radiostereometric analysis. (6/871)

We report the initial results of an ongoing randomised, prospective study on migration of the Exeter and Elite Plus femoral stems after impaction allografting, as measured by radiostereometry. Clinically, the impaction technique gave good results for both stems. The mean subsidence in the first year was 1.30 mm and 0.20 mm for the Exeter and the Elite Plus stems, respectively. In the second year, the Exeter stem continued to subside further by a mean of 0.42 mm, while the Elite Plus stem did not do so. Subsidence of the Exeter stem correlated with deficiency of bone stock as graded on the Gustilo and Pasternak scale. This correlation was not found for the Elite Plus stem. None of the other parameters which were studied predisposed to subsidence. There was no significant association between the amount of subsidence and the radiological appearance of the graft for either stem. Our findings do not support the theory that radial compression, due to subsidence of the Exeter stem, is the essential stimulus for remodelling in impaction allografting.  (+info)

Tourniquet-induced restriction of the quadriceps muscle mechanism. Fact or fiction? (7/871)

Many knee surgeons flex the knee and sometimes also extend the hip before inflating a tourniquet on the thigh. This practice stems from the belief that these manoeuvres prevent excessive strain on the quadriceps during surgery, the assumption being that movement of the muscle is restricted by an inflated tourniquet. We therefore examined, using ultrasound, the movement of the quadriceps muscle above and below the tourniquet before and after inflation. We applied a tourniquet of standard size to the thigh of five volunteers for approximately five minutes. A bubble of air was injected into the quadriceps muscle above the tourniquet and was the proximal point of reference. The musculotendinous junction was the distal point. The movement of the reference point was measured by ultrasound before and after inflation of the tourniquet. Each measurement was repeated with either the knee flexed and the hip extended, or the hip flexed and the knee extended. The mean and standard deviation were recorded. Before inflation the mean amount of passive movement was 1.1 +/- 0.13 cm proximal and 4.0 +/- 0.08 cm distal to the tourniquet, with a range of movement of the knee of 0 degrees to 137 degrees (6.7 degrees). After inflation the mean passive movement was 1.0 +/- 0.07 cm proximal and 4.0 +/- 0.08 cm distal to the tourniquet with a range of 0 degrees to 132 degrees (+/- 7.6 degrees). The ultrasound findings therefore have shown no evidence of restriction of the quadriceps muscle by an inflated tourniquet.  (+info)

Extramedullary or intramedullary tibial alignment guides: a randomised, prospective trial of radiological alignment. (8/871)

We undertook a prospective, randomised study of 135 total knee arthroplasties to determine the most accurate and reliable technique for alignment of the tibial prosthesis. Tibial resection was guided by either intramedullary or extramedullary alignment jigs. Of the 135 knees, standardised postoperative radiographs suitable for assessment were available in 100. Correct tibial alignment was found in 85% of the intramedullary group compared with 65% of the extramedullary group (p = 0.019). We conclude that intramedullary guides are superior to extramedullary instruments for alignment of the tibial prosthesis.  (+info)

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A scoliometer is a small, non-invasive device (essentially a mini-level) that is placed over the spine while a person is in a forward bending position. The scoliometer reading indicates the angle of trunk rotation (ATR) in degrees. It is a baseline measurement used to indicate or monitor scoliosis.
Tracking your vertebral rotation regularly with a scoliometer helps identify trends in scoliosis helping you figure out what improves your scoli.
When oil and gas wells are drilled, the geologists and drill rig personnel need to know the nature and characteristics of the formations that they are encountering downhole. To help them obtain this vital information, drilling is periodically halted and logging tools packed with sophisticated, and very expensive analytical equipment are lowered into the well. These tools carry out chemical and physical measurements on the various downhole strata and capture the data for evaluation.. The tools are lowered into a well attached to a wireline. Wireline comes in two basic forms: slick and electric line. Slick lines are solid, load-bearing metallic wires which are commonly available in diameters of 1.83-4.06mm. Electric wirelines consist of insulated electrical signal wires surrounded by braided metallic wires for protection that make up the essential load-bearing cable which supports the weight of the measuring tool.. In addition to suspending measuring tools, slick lines are used to place ...
FLW, Inc. specializes in the sales of physical measurement, control and calibration products. We carry over 40 top product lines and can calibrate & service most of the brands we sell. Were happy to help.. ...
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Attempts to measure segmental vibration are discussed as well as the problems encountered. Since actual physical measurements are important to the study of shock and vibration response of the users of hand-held power tools, and accurate set of acceleration readings at typical input amplitudes and frequencies would aid in determining the vibration absorption characteristics of the hand and arm, and
in Energy and Buildings (2017), 148. tComplete knowledge about habits of the occupants, including their opinions regarding ventilation sys-tems is an important condition for reducing the consumption of natural resources and improving ... [more ▼]. tComplete knowledge about habits of the occupants, including their opinions regarding ventilation sys-tems is an important condition for reducing the consumption of natural resources and improving indoorcomfort. In addition, uncomforted occupants tend to take measures to improve their situation, whichmay increase energy consumption. Advanced thermal models for buildings can perhaps predict interac-tions between the IAQ determinants, e.g. energy consumption, ventilation and comfort, but do not takeinto account the behavior of residents. By questionnaires and physical measurements this study evalu-ated dwellings equipped partly with centralized and partly with decentralized ventilation systems withheat recovery. This field study involved two ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Scoliosis Examination, Forward Bending Test, Scoliometer, Adams Test, Adams Position, Adams Forward Bend Test.
You searched for: Author Procházka, Marek Remove constraint Author: Procházka, Marek Language English Remove constraint Language: English Topic Physical measurements Remove constraint Topic: Physical measurements Topic Radiation Remove constraint Topic: Radiation Topic Microscopy Remove constraint Topic: Microscopy Topic Medical physics Remove constraint Topic: Medical physics ...
As this is a complicated topic is better to speak to somebody on the phone because they will get to the point quickly, hopefully, rather than ploughing through a pile of technical documents which might baffle you.. Clearly, the law applies to individuals owning a caracal and zoos and breeders. And therefore there are different rules for different individuals and organisations. No doubt some individuals might like to own a caracal as a pet. My thought there is that only under exceptional circumstances is it a good idea. Although caracals are one of those wild cat species which are more predisposed than others to being a pet rather like the cheetah. Both the caracal and cheetah have a history of working with people and hunting with people. You can go back thousands of years and find records of both these wild cat species working with people as hunters. ...
Bright blood cine images acquired using magnetic resonance imaging contain simple contrast that is tractable to automated analysis, which can be used to derive a measure of arterial compliance that is known to correlate with disease severity. The purpose of this work was to evaluate whether automated methods could be used reliably on a clinically relevant population, and to assess the precision of these measurements so that it could be compared with expert manual assessment. In this paper we apply an algorithm similar to that used by Krug et al., and the exact processing steps are described in detail to allowing easy reproduction of our methods. Phantoms of different sizes have been assessed and the MRI measurements are found to correlate well (r = 0.9998) with physical measurement. Reproducibility assessment was performed on 33 CAD subjects in three anatomical locations along the aorta. Six normal volunteers and ten patients with more severe aortic plaques were investigated to assess reproducibility
Participants complete up to two study visits of approximately 3-4 hours each. The first study visit involves an interview about life experiences and emotions. If the participant is eligible for the second assessment, the average length of time between visit 1 and visit 2 will be 1-7 days. The second visit included physical measurements such as cholesterol and blood pressure, performing math and speaking tasks, and surveys to help us learn about healthy behaviors and emotions. No further follow-up of participants is conducted beyond the two study visits ...
Concentrated culture filtrates of two strains of human tubercle bacilli, a virulent and a slightly virulent one, have been fractionated to give fourteen fractions in each case. Chemical determinations and sedimentation velocity measurements have been carried out on those fractions for which significant results could be obtained. The evidence is that two distinct proteins are present, in addition to a polysaccharide and nucleic acid. The physical measurements have not demonstrated the presence of any other proteins. One of the proteins has been isolated in pure form, and found to have a molecular weight of 44,000 ± 5,000, based on measurements of partial specific volume, sedimentation velocity, and diffusion rate. This protein is believed to be the same as one previously isolated by Seibert et al . (6), who assigned it a molecular weight of 32,000. The other protein was not obtained sufficiently free from polysaccharide so that its molecular weight could be determined, but it is believed to have ...
Further down the page we see a house totally upside down, with the roof immersed in the ground. It looks so realistic and believable, you could almost believe it for a second, if someone told you there was a bad hurricane.. As you scroll down even more, you see people in a house with everything out of proportion. There is even a magical bathroom where the floor is the sky. These are clever editing skills used to manipulate a photo, but how do real optical illusions work?. An illusion is a distortion of the senses, it confuses the brain and interrupts its normal organization. In visual illusions, peoples depth and motion perception changes. This is misinterpreted by the brain to give us a false image.. The information gathered by the eye is then processed by the brain, but it does not represent the real physical measurement.. Our brains are incredible, but they can be fooled sometimes. The brain constructs a whole world, using previous sights and pieces of the surrounding environment. ...
Is the patient suffering from blood poisoning? To answer this question, the doctor draws a blood sample and sends it to a central laboratory for testing. This takes up valuable time, which could cost the patient his life. In future, physicians will be able to analyze blood there and then and have the results within twenty minutes. This is made possible by a biochip, developed by scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques IPM in Freiburg. To analyze the biochip we have also designed a fully automatic device to carry out all the examination steps, explains Dr. Albrecht Brandenburg, group manager at the IPM. All the doctor has to do is place the sample in the apparatus and wait for the results.. Meanwhile, within the device theres plenty going on: it starts by preparing the blood sample. Red blood cells are separated from the blood and the plasma that remains is guided onto the biochip. When patients are suffering from sepsis, their immune system reacts by ...
Mucic acid salts of a compound represented by the following structural formula: are disclosed. In particular, single crystalline mucic acid salts of the compound represented by structural formula (I) are characterized by a variety of properties and physical measurements. Methods of producing the mucic acid salts, using the salts to antagonize one or more aspartic proteases, and methods of treating a number of aspartic protease mediated disorders using the salts are described herein.
This article appeared in the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS 2007. 404-407, Vol. XXXVI, part 7/C50) and in the proceedings of }10th International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Spectral Signatures in Remote Sensing} held on 12-14 March 2007 in Davos, Switzerland.. ...
After reviewing my daughters medical records, I noticed back in march of 2008 he reported a mid thoracic scoliometer reading of 18 degrees, also stating that clearly her rotational scoliometer reading is significantly worse as well as the radiographic Cobb angle. She still has ope triradiate cartilages when measured from T6-L1 today was 51 degrees. Note this was march of 2009 report. So my question is would someone please explain all of this to me?? Thank you:(
C: Stromal thickness of the Fb was found to be significantly smaller than for ASC in presence of urothelial cells. The UTS of the Fb group was significantly higher compared to the ASC. The failure strains were not significantly different between the two constructions. Tests were performed using 3 different cellular populations (N) for Fbs and ASCs and each construct was produced in triplicate (n). Each column represents mean +/-standard error of the mean, with p,0.05 indicating significance (*p,0.05, ** p,0.005 ...
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A Contemporary fit V-neck top features two patch pockets with instrument slots and a bungee loop above the right pocket. Also featured is multi needle contrast topstitching (White takes tonal topstitching) and side vents. Center back length: 26 Sizes: XXS - 5XL Color: Royal (RYLZ) Brand: Dickies
The STEPS Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factors Survey uses a survey methodology developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to help countries establish noncommunicable disease surveillance systems. Some surveys are conducted at the country level and others at the subnational level. The methodology prescribes three steps-questionnaire, physical measurements, and biochemical measurements. Core topics covered by most surveys are demographics, health status, and health behaviors. These provide data on socioeconomic risk factors and metabolic, nutritional, and lifestyle risk factors. Details may differ from country to country and from year to year. This Egyptian national survey included smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity, physical measurements, and biochemical measurements.. Only reports are currently available. No data have been released.. ...
Facchinello, Yann, Brailovski, Vladimir, Petit, Yvan et Mac-Thiong, Jean-Marc. 2014. « Monolithic superelastic rods with variable flexural stiffness for spinal fusion: modeling of the processing-properties relationship ». Medical Engineering and Physics, vol. 36, nº 11. pp. 1455-1463 ...
The caracal is a slender, moderately sized cat characterised by a robust build, a short face, long canine teeth, tufted ears, and long legs. It reaches nearly 40-50 cm (16-20 in) at the shoulder. The tan, bushy tail extends to the hocks.[15][16] The caracal is sexually dimorphic; the females are smaller than the males in most bodily parameters.[17] The prominent facial features include the 4.5-cm-long black tufts on the ears, two black stripes from the forehead to the nose, the black outline of the mouth, the distinctive black facial markings, and the white patches surrounding the eyes and the mouth. The eyes appear to be narrowly open due to the lowered upper eyelid, probably an adaptation to shield the eyes from the suns glare. The ear tufts may start drooping as the animal ages. The coat is uniformly reddish tan or sandy, though black caracals are also known. The underbelly and the insides of the legs are lighter, often with small reddish markings.[17] The fur, soft, short, and dense, grows ...
The researchers worked with 90 men between the ages of 18 and 30 who already had established exercise habits. They separated these participants into three groups: lean men who weight trained at least four times each week, overweight men who also weight trained at least four times each week, and overweight men who had no structured exercise regimen. The researchers took some basic physical measurements from the volunteers, including height and weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, and body composition. They tested the volunteers muscle strength and their carotid artery thickness (a sign of heart disease), and they took a blood sample. The researchers analyzed that sample for a variety of different molecules present, including cholesterol, insulin, various markers for heart disease including triglycerides and C-reactive protein, and sex hormones. They also checked the volunteers HDL to see how well it functioned as an antioxidant, a sign of how well their HDL works in general ...
Background: The state of Hypertension disease is universally under diagnosed and/or inadequately treated resulting in extensive target-organ damage and premature deaths. Therefore, sustainable and aggressive population-based programs for hypertension awareness, prevention, treatment, and control are keys of success in limiting this epidemic. The study aims to determine the Kang Adult populations hypertension prevalence and the relationship between high blood pressure, anthropometric measures and their life style factors such as diet, use of tobacco products and alcohol consuming habits. Methodology: The study, a population based cross-sectional trial, was conducted on adult residents of Kang (18 year-old and above) from November to December 2008. Data was collected using the questionnaire, through physical measurements of weight, height and BP using a modified protocol based on World Health Organization (WHO) STEP wise instruments on chronic disease (Bonita, 2001). The sample consisted of 161 ...
abramowitz] M. Abramowitz and I. A. Segun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, 1964; New York: Dover, 1968. [ackley] R. A. Ackley, Physical Measurements and the International (SI) System of Units, San Diego, CA: Technical Publications, 1970. [aho] A. Aho, R. Sethi, and J. Ullman, Compilers: Principles, Techniques, and Tools, Addison-Wesley, 1982. [ansi-ieee-268] American National Standard for Metric Practice, ANSI/IEEE Standard 268-1992, 1992. [atlas] IEEE Standard C/ATLAS, IEEE Standard 716-1982. [bridgman] P. W. Bridgman, Dimensional Analysis, Yale Univ. Press, 1922. [chang92] R.-J. Chang, ``Cliche-Based Modeling for Expert Problem-Solving Systems, Ph.D. diss., C.S. Dept., Univ. Texas at Austin, 1992. [cunis92] R. Cunis, ``A Package for Handling Units of Measure in Lisp, ACM Lisp Pointers, vol. 5, no. 2, 1992. [gruber-olsen94] T. R. Gruber and G. R. Olsen, ``An Ontology for Engineering Mathematics, Proc. Fourth Int. Conf. on Principles of Knowledge ...
Efficiency of Machines; 11. Thermodynamics is a branch of physics which deals with the energy and work of a system. Thermodynamic Properties: Every system has certain characteristics such as Pressure, Volume, Temperature, Density, Internal Energy. Thermodynamics generally starts with several basic concepts and leads to different thermodynamics laws. branch of physics which is concerned with the relationship between other forms of energy and heat I Thermodynamic Systems and Properties. In science, thermodynamic properties are characteristics used to describe a physical system. However, if you hone in on the most important thermodynamic formulas and equations, get comfortable converting from one unit of physical measurement to another, and become familiar with the physical constants related to thermodynamics, youll be at the head of the class. Thermodynamics¶ Statistical mechanics grew out of an earlier field called thermodynamics, which was concerned with the thermal properties of liquids and ...
When the pharmacist entered the prescription into the pharmacy computer, a level one (severe) drug interaction warning appeared on the screen. Bonuses March 11, 2016. Knowledge Based Errors Brennan TA, Lee TH, ONeil AC, Petersen LA. What Is A Latent Error In Nursing Human factors methods can be classified as: (1) general methods (e.g., direct observation of work), (2) collection of information about people (e.g., physical measurement of anthropometric dimensions), (3) analysis and design The case study of a radical change in a medical device manufacturer described by Vicente (2003) shows how improvements in the design of a medical device for patient safety did not BMJ. 2000;320:745-9. [PMC free article] [PubMed]31. Identifying complications of care using administrative data. Preoperative assessment of patients with known or suspected coronary disease. Understanding The Swiss Cheese Model For Explaining Error Thus, latent failures are accidents waiting to happen. Adverse events often happen ...
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Sterilization is a critical process in the preparation of many drug products. Its execution and validation are addressed in numerous regulatory, pharmacopeial, and industry documents. EMA Annex 1: Manufacture of Sterile Medicinal Products stands alone in giving clear preference to physical measurements over those obtained from biological indicators. This paper reviews principles behind sterilization processes outlining the differences between physical and biological measurements as well as their relationship to each other. The assumptions associated with the use of physical measurement are explored and their derivation from microbiological results is traced with the intent of reaffirming the primacy of biological evidence. The arguments and objections to the use of biological indicators in sterilization are reviewed and deconstructed.. LAY ABSTRACT: Sterilization validation is required by regulatory agencies around the globe. The accepted principles are derived from those originally established ...
1. Respiratory water loss and rectal temperature were measured in domestic fowl running for 10 min on a treadmill at speeds of 1.24-4.3 km h-1 in air temperatures of 20 +/− 2 degrees C or 32 +/− 2 degrees C. 2. At given speeds the water loss at 32 +/− 2 degrees C was approximately twice that at 20 +/− 2 degrees C and the end-exercise rectal temperature was 0.5-0.8 degrees C higher. 3. At 20 +/− 2 degrees C, respiratory evaporation accounted for 10-12% of the total metabolic energy used at all speeds. At 32 +/− 2 degrees C, the fractional respiratory heat loss fell from 26.5% at 1.24 km h-1 to 17% at 3.6 km h-1. The fraction of the total metabolic energy stored as body heat rose progressively with air temperature. ...
During contact, antennal bending is determined by its flexural stiffness and the applied load. From estimates of the second moment of area and measurements of the resistance-to-bending forces along the flagellum, we determined that the flexural stiffness of the cockroach antennal flagellum decreases rapidly from base to tip (Fig. 1A-C). We found that the forces decreased exponentially, whereas the elastic modulus did not change significantly within the measured length, suggesting that geometrical properties, i.e. tapering, are the main determinant of flexural stiffness (Fig. 1D).. Using a physical model of an arthropod antenna, we tested the hypotheses that a decreasing flexural stiffness profile enables effective mapping of the point of bend and/or point of contact to body-to-wall distance and increases the preview distance. By testing different stiffness profiles, we found that the point of bend maps better to the body-to-wall distance for a decreasing stiffness compared with a constant ...
Severe food limitation (FR) impairs cardiac performance, even though causative mechanisms remain elusive. Cardiac morphometry was substantially altered, as heart weights were nearly twofold lower in FR rats. Papillary muscle tissue isolated from FR hearts displayed mechanical dysfunction, including reduced created stress and decreased relaxation and contractility. The administration of the SERCA2a blocker resulted in additional decrements in contractile function in FR hearts, recommending impaired SERCA2a activity. Furthermore, the FR rats provided a lower appearance ABT-737 small molecule kinase inhibitor of L-type Ca2+ stations. As a result, myocardial dysfunction induced by serious food restriction is certainly connected ABT-737 small molecule kinase inhibitor with adjustments in the calcium-handling properties in rats. 0.05. 3. Outcomes 3.1. Physical Features Severe food limitation (FR) led to substantial adjustments towards the physical phenotype from the rats. As proven in Desk 1, 3 months ...
With the recent increase in womens representation in the military, baseline physical measurement data are needed to help set appropriate accession and retention standards and to design useful prevention and intervention programs in the areas of physical fitness and health. This study incorporated several body composition indices to obtain anthropometric data for a representative sample of 1,292 active duty Navy and Marine Corps women and men. It also assessed the extent to which personnel met weight-for-height and body fat standards.
Plancks theory remained mystifying until Einstein showed how it could be used to explain the photoelectric effect, in which the speed of ejected electrons was related not to the intensity of light but to its frequency. This relationship was consistent with Plancks theory, which suggested that a photons energy was related to its frequency. During the next two decades scientists recast all of physics to be consistent with Plancks theory. The result was a picture of the physical world that was different from anything ever before imagined. Its essential feature is that all matter appears in physical measurements to be made of quantum bits, which are something like particles. Unlike the particles of Newtonian physics, however, a quantum particle cannot be viewed as having a definite path of movement that can be predicted through laws of motion. Quantum physics only permits the prediction of the probability of where particles may be found. The probability is the squared amplitude of a wave field, ...
Springer, ISBN-10: 3319659235. From the cover:. This book provides a selection of essential knowledge on the image-based quantification of biophysical parameters for the purpose of clinical diagnosis. The authors regard clinical imaging scanners as physical measurement systems capable of quantifying intrinsic parameters for depiction of the constitution and biophysical properties of in vivo tissue. On the one hand, this approach supports the development of new methods of imaging highly reproducible, system-independent, and quantitative biomarkers, and these methods receive detailed attention in the book. On the other hand, the reader will also gain a deeper understanding of how physical tissue properties interact with the generation of signals in medical imaging, opening new windows on the intricate and fascinating relationship between the structure and function of living tissues. The book will be of interest to all who recognize the limitations of basing clinical diagnosis primarily on visual ...
In July 2009, a 14-yr-old male caracal (Caracal caracal) at the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa was found, on abdominal ultrasound, to have a single large cystolith. The cystolith was removed, and the composition was determined to be 100% cystine. Blood and urine samples were also collected from three other apparently healthy caracals at the zoo and were submitted, together with the sa ...
AN AUSTRALIAN turtle has learned to breathe through its bottom. The freshwater Fitzroy River turtle (Rheodytes leukops) breathes normally above water, ...
Exercise apparatus incorporating lift assistance mechanism for pull-up and/or dip stand exercising including one or more interchangeable extensible, elastomeric links of various extensil resistances, arranged to upwardly bias a pivotally mounted lift bar, and having arranged in parallel therewith a hydraulic shock absorber type fluid cylinder functioning to limit the extent of downward movement of the lift bar when the cylinder is extended to its maximum length and limiting the rate of upward movement of the lift bar in the event of the user falling off. The elastomeric link is preferably longitudinally bifurcated with two lengthwise parts so that if one part breaks the other part is likely to remain intact and provide some degree of extensil resistance. Other exercise components can be included as well as parts of the apparatus, such as push-up handles, and padded cross bars for sit-up exercising and the like.
Its a elementary vocabulary related to Ancient Egypt for 1º ESO students who study Social Science: Geography and History as a billingual subject.
The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) collects comprehensive data on the elderly, their spouses, and their households. The study utilizes a multistage, stratified, random sampling method, and it uses household and individual questionnaires. With consent from participants, surveyors collected physical measurements of height, weight, waist circumference, leg and arm length, grip strength and lung capacity. Blood pressure measurements and blood tests were also collected. This pilot resurvey (also called the Wave 2 pilot) was conducted in the summer of 2012 and re-interviewed the particpants from the 2008 pilot survey. The 2012 sample included 2,385 participants at least 45 years old from the provinces of Zhejiang and Gansu.. ...
Load cells measure mass. In addition to level, ECLIPSE GWR technology measures volume. For ECLIPSE transmitters to measure volume, our customers tanks were first strapped, which is a procedure of precise physical measurement of the tank geometry and calculation of capacity tables. Since the density was precisely known, our customer could then multiply the volume by the specific gravity to obtain an inferred mass. This is how volume measurement obtained through the ECLIPSE device was able to replace a load cells mass measurement.. Our customer was impressed that the replacement resulted in benefits to the bottom line, because the upfront cost for the ECLIPSE units was 75 percent less compared to load cells. In addition, yearly dry calibration verification costs were 10 percent lower than the cost required to calibrate load cells.. However, based on the fact there was not an installed base and history of GWR technology at this facility, our ECLIPSE solution was first installed on a trial basis. ...
1. Abalone: Predict the age of abalone from physical measurements. 2. Activity Recognition from Single Chest-Mounted Accelerometer: The dataset collects data from a wearable accelerometer mounted on the chest. The dataset is intended for Activity Recognition research purposes.. 3. Acute Inflammations: The data was created by a medical expert as a data set to test the expert system, which will perform the presumptive diagnosis of two diseases of the urinary system. 4. Adult: Predict whether income exceeds $50K/yr based on census data. Also known as Census Income dataset.. 5. Annealing: Steel annealing data. 6. Anuran Calls (MFCCs): Acoustic features extracted from syllables of anuran (frogs) calls, including the family, the genus, and the species labels (multilabel). 7. Arcene: ARCENEs task is to distinguish cancer versus normal patterns from mass-spectrometric data. This is a two-class classification problem with continuous input variables. This dataset is one of 5 datasets of the NIPS 2003 ...
The relationship and precision of four methods for measuring the low-contrast detail detectability in fluoroscopic imaging were studied. These included the physical measurement of the accumulation rate of the square of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNRrate2), two-alternative forced-choice (2-AFC) experiments, sixteen-alternative forced-choice (16-AFC) experiments and subjective determination of the threshold contrast. The precision and sensitivity of the threshold contrast measurement were seen to be modest in the constancy testing of fluoroscopic equipment: only large changes in system performance could be reliably detected by that method. The measurement of the SNRrate2 is suggested instead. The relationship between the results of the various methods were studied, and it was found that human performance can be related to SNRrate2 by introducing the concept of the effective image information integration time (teff). When measured for an unlimited observation time, it depicts the saturation of ...
One of the skeletons in the Progressive Education closet is Scientific Racism, otherwise known as Eugenics, which the leaders of the Progressive movement enthusiastically espoused until the Nazis in Germany gave it a bad name. The Eugenics movement had been founded by Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911), a cousin of Charles Darwins, who became concerned with the low birthrate of the British elite which, he believed, endangered the future of civilization. He decided that ways had to be found to encourage the fertility of the superior stock and to discourage the fertility of the inferior stock.. To determine which individuals had superior traits, he devised a series of tests. In 1884 he formed an Anthropometric Laboratory in which he could make physical measurements of individuals. But he also needed a means of investigating psychological differences in human beings. In 1886, Galton was introduced to James McKeen Cattell, a young American who had just spent two years studying in the laboratories of ...
Rolf Gleiter is professor of chemistry at the Universität Heidelberg. He studied chemistry and finished his doctoral thesis under the supervision of F. Effenberger in Stuttgart in 1964. From 1965 - 1968 he did postdoctoral work in the US, one year with P. v. R. Schleyer at Princeton and two years with R. Hoffmann at Cornell. He completed his habilitation with E. Heilbronner in Basel in 1972. In 1973 he moved as full professor to TU Darmstadt. In 1979 he took his present position. R. Gleiter is interested in intra- and intermolecular bonding properties by synthesizing model systems and investigation of their interactions by physical measurements supported by quantum chemical calculations ...
In July 2009, a 14-yr-old male caracal (Caracal caracal) at the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa was found, on abdominal ultrasound, to have a single large cystolith. The cystolith was removed, and the composition was determined to be 100% cystine. Blood and urine samples were also collected from three other apparently healthy caracals at the zoo and were submitted, together with the sa ...
The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).. Alternatively, you can also download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link below.. If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.. ...
Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833). ...
Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833). ...
18 (1) 8 Septembrie 2018 (1) agresiune (1) anchetat (1) are loc BikeXpert Alpine Challeng (1) atletic fieni (1) baldana (1) boala (1) bucuresti (1) cadavru (1) checon lapusata (1) chisinau (1) ciclism montan (1) cimentul. fieni (1) ciuc (1) competitie sportiva (1) corneliu vadim tudor (1) culme (1) cultura de varza (1) dambovita (2) fc caracal (1) fcm targoviste (4) federatia romana de ciclism (1) foto (1) fregata (1) furt (1) galati (1) guvern (1) hot (1) ipj dambovita (1) jaf (1) judecat (1) la Pucioasa (1) lacul persinari (1) libia (1) live (1) LIVE TEXT (4) luare de mita (1) lunguletu (1) marea mediterana (1) mascati (1) masina (1) masina abandonata (1) masina furata dambovita (1) masini (1) miercurea (1) ministerul apararii (1) moarte (1) mort (1) nationale (1) partener tv (3) peco (1) platina (1) plecare (1) politie (2) politist mituit (1) politist retinut (1) pretul la varza (1) primar lunguletu (1) prins (1) prm (1) procuror (1) programul (1) punte furata (1) rabla (1) regele ferdinand ...
18 (1) 8 Septembrie 2018 (1) agresiune (1) anchetat (1) are loc BikeXpert Alpine Challeng (1) atletic fieni (1) baldana (1) boala (1) bucuresti (1) cadavru (1) checon lapusata (1) chisinau (1) ciclism montan (1) cimentul. fieni (1) ciuc (1) competitie sportiva (1) corneliu vadim tudor (1) culme (1) cultura de varza (1) dambovita (2) fc caracal (1) fcm targoviste (4) federatia romana de ciclism (1) foto (1) fregata (1) furt (1) galati (1) guvern (1) hot (1) ipj dambovita (1) jaf (1) judecat (1) la Pucioasa (1) lacul persinari (1) libia (1) live (1) LIVE TEXT (4) luare de mita (1) lunguletu (1) marea mediterana (1) mascati (1) masina (1) masina abandonata (1) masina furata dambovita (1) masini (1) miercurea (1) ministerul apararii (1) moarte (1) mort (1) nationale (1) partener tv (3) peco (1) platina (1) plecare (1) politie (2) politist mituit (1) politist retinut (1) pretul la varza (1) primar lunguletu (1) prins (1) prm (1) procuror (1) programul (1) punte furata (1) rabla (1) regele ferdinand ...
Sanctorius measured body weight. Physician Herman Boerhaave modeled the digestive process. Physiologist Albrecht von Haller ... provide for an intake of 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. A review panel stating that "no additional dietary ... which have roles throughout the human body. The omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which can be made in the human body from ... The human body contains chemical compounds such as water, carbohydrates, amino acids (found in proteins), fatty acids (found in ...
Chapter XIII: Offences Relating to Weights and Measures. Chapter XIV: Offences Affecting the Public Health, Safety, Convenience ... Chapter XVI: Offences Affecting the Human Body. Offences Affecting Life. Causing Miscarriage; Injuries to Unborn Children; ... The stated quantities are the net weight of the substances after they have been isolated by laboratory analysis. Between 1991 ...
They also collected taxes and ensured standardized weights and measures. The third administrative body overlooked the military ... Early translators interpreted Justin's original expression as "body of robbers", but states Raychaudhuri, the original ...
Disturbance in the way a person's weight or body shape is experienced or a lack of recognition about the risks of the low body ... Fear of even the slightest weight gain; taking all precautionary measures to avoid weight gain or becoming "overweight". Rapid ... Badoud D, Tsakiris M (June 2017). "From the body's viscera to the body's image: Is there a link between interoception and body ... weight loss, or growth failure; and also routinely ask celiac patients about weight or body shape concerns, dieting or vomiting ...
She visits her nutritionist to measure her body fat. Joanna's body fat goal is to get herself at 3% body fat. Her body weight ... Before the show, all of the female bodybuilder would eat sugary food and work out with weights in order to show off their veins ...
"Body Weights of Birds: A Review" (PDF). The Condor. 81 (2): 193-202. doi:10.2307/1367288.. ... "What do different bill measures measure and what is the best method to use in granivorous birds?" (PDF). J. Field Ornithol. 71 ... Weight[edit]. The weights of birds are notoriously variable and cannot be used as indication of size. They are however useful ... Even during the course of a day, the weight can vary by 5 to 10%. The male emperor penguin loses 40% of its weight during the ...
It featured a multi-spot metering system (shared with the OM-4) in addition to the centre-weighted metering of the earlier body ... The finder coverage was measured to be 93%. Exposure control was aperture priority AE using center-weighted light metering. ... Automatic controlon camera body 2.8-32 0.2 m 3.6×2.4 cm Driven by AF/PF coupler on camera body 340 g 57 mm 66 mm Built-in 49 mm ... Automatic control on camera body 2.8-22 0.3 m 27×18 cm Driven by AF/PF coupler on camera body 170 g 32 mm 62 mm Built-in 49 mm ...
Among girls with identical body weights, those with lower WHRs show earlier pubertal endocrine activity, as measured by high ... Genazzani, AR; Gambacciani, M (2006). "Effect of climacteric transition and hormone replacement therapy on body weight and body ... The body fat percentage is considered to be an even more accurate measure of relative weight. Of these three measurements, only ... or their combination on body weight and anthropometric measure". Fertility and Sterility. 88 (6): 1603-1608. doi:10.1016/j. ...
Today only the stone continues in customary use for measuring personal body weight. The present stone is 14 pounds (~6.35 kg), ... Measures and Weights in the Islamic World. An English Translation of Professor Walther Hinz's Handbook "Islamische Maße und ... Weights and measures have taken a great variety of forms over the course of history, from simple informal expectations in ... Weights and measures from the oldest societies can often be inferred at least in part from archaeological specimens, often ...
The individual measures are weighted according to their relative importance. A cumulative score is then generated, typically by ... Much of the original research has been evaluated by Lino Briguglio and presenters at Oxford, providing a body of secondary ... A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. Typically, the index is a composite of ... It utilizes eight key health indicators that measure a chronically homeless person's vulnerability to early death. The model is ...
Its head-and-body length ranges from 50-95 cm (20-37 in) with a 38-59 cm (15-23 in) long tail. The hind foot measures 9-14.5 cm ... 3.5-5.7 in). Its weight ranges from 3.4-9.2 kg (7.5-20.3 lb). The large Indian civet ranges from Nepal, northeast India, Bhutan ...
The MEBS provides a total score based on four subscales; Body Dissatisfaction, Weight Preoccupation, Binge Eating and ... The Minnesota eating behaviors survey; a brief measure of disordered eating behaviors and attitudes Behavioral Science April ... Eating Disorder Inventory Eating Attitudes Test Body Attitudes Questionnaire Body Attitudes Test Eating Disorder Examination ...
Body weight is regulated through energy balance, the amount of energy taken in versus the amount of energy expended over an ... Both active and total ghrelin can be measured.[50] Circulating ghrelin concentrations rise before eating and fall afterward,[46 ... Ghrelin and synthetic ghrelin mimetics (growth hormone secretagogues) increase body weight and fat mass[32][33][34] by ... Karasu SR, Karasu TB (2010). The gravity of weight: a clinical guide to weight loss and maintenance (1st ed.). Washington, DC: ...
The measured range from base to tip of the ear is 16 to 18 mm. The average weight is 26 grams. They use ultrasonic signals to ... The length of the tail is 21.8-22.5 mm and the head and body combined is 69 to 74 mm. ...
... considered the bodies functioning to be measured by quantifiable numbers, weights, and measures. The field ... while iatrochemists measured the detrimental problems of the body by chemical means. Several individuals contributed to this ... The star body of an individual is often referred to by astrologists as an energetic matrix and is believed to be spawned by ... Iatromathematicians study these conceptions and try to regulate the path of the star body of individuals so that it will give a ...
A child's body growth pattern may influence the tendency to gain weight. Researchers measured the standard deviation (SD [ ... Deurenberg P, Weststrate JA, Seidell JC (March 1991). "Body mass index as a measure of body fatness: age- and sex-specific ... maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early ... maternal body mass index, and birth weight are associated with differences in body mass index growth trajectories in early ...
Weight is measured by using the Body Mass Index scale (BMI). This is determined by dividing weight in kilograms by height in ... "To Time to Weight". Obesity: A National Epidemic and Its Impact on Australia. March 2014. Archived from the original on 31 ... In addition, the number of type 2 diabetes patients who were diagnosed solely on their weight was calculated at 242,000 in 2007 ... In 2008 using the Body Mass Index scale, obese Australians (indirectly and directly) cost the nation $8.3 billion. Out of the $ ...
The longest recorded flat needlefish measured 140 cm. Measurements for flat needlefish body length do not include their caudal ... The largest recorded weight for a flat needlefish was 4.8 kg. Flat needlefish are found worldwide in tropical and temperate ...
He can find the weight and measure of any solid body. He is clever at arithmetic, and skilled "in writing smaule, after the ... He began to practise as a surveyor in about 1566, and has been described as "one of the leaders of the emerging body of skilled ... He adds that "the measure attendinge uppon this instrument is of steele wier toe pole longe lincked foote by foote, excepte the ... It is entitled "A Noate for the Perfection of Lande Measure, and exact Plattinge of Cities, Castels, Honors, Lordshippes, ...
However, one source has described females measuring 7.2 cm long. Body weight of adults has been recorded to reach almost 10g. ... Throughout the distribution of D. connectens, body colour shows extreme variation. In some populations, individuals may have ... almost no seeds made it intact through the guts of individuals measuring 2 cm or less). With larger sized wētā however, ... Seed dispersal effectiveness increases with body size in New Zealand alpine scree weta (Deinacrida connectens). Austral Ecology ...
The Authority is also the custodian of the Weights and Measures Decree (NRCD 326, 1975). The board's functions are: to ... The body was established by the Standards Decree, 1967 (NLCD 199) which has been superseded by the Standards Decree, 1973 (NRCD ... International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) ASTM International ... The board reviews industry conformity to regulations and calibrates weighing and measuring instruments such as fuel pumps. The ...
Fear of even the slightest weight gain; taking all precautionary measures to avoid weight gain or becoming "overweight".[22] ... weight loss, or growth failure; and also routinely ask celiac patients about weight or body shape concerns, dieting or vomiting ... A low body mass index for one's age and height.. *Amenorrhea, a symptom that occurs after prolonged weight loss; causes ... Low weight, fear of gaining weight, strong desire to be thin, food restrictions[1]. ...
mass The quantity of matter in a body, usually measured by weight. megohmmeter (Also megger); a special ohmmeter for measuring ... Office of Weights and Measures (OWM) A government office that partnered with the National Conference on Weights and Measures ( ... A program of cooperation between the National Conference On Weights & Measures, NIST, state-level weights and measures ... Board of Governors The body of officials from the National Conference on Weights and Measures that sets National Type ...
On 15 March 2018, Xiaomi launched the Body Composition Scale in India. The scale measures weight as well as muscle mass, fat, ... When paired with the Mi Fit app, which itself pairs with the Mi Band, users can track their weight and BMI. The Mi Smart Scale ... The Mi Smart Scale makes measurements ranging from 5 kg to 150 kg, with a 50 g precision, and shows weight in kg and lbs. ... "Xiaomi Mi Body Composition Scale launched in India: Price, specifications and ...
He measured momentum by the product of velocity and weight; mass is a later concept, developed by Huygens and Newton. In the ... For a rotating continuum rigid body, these relations hold for each point in the rigid body. The differential equation of motion ... Choosing s to measure up from the ground, the acceleration a must be in fact −g, since the force of gravity acts downwards and ... Newton's second law applies to point-like particles, and to all points in a rigid body. They also apply to each point in a mass ...
The tail is relatively long for a deer, measuring 50-66 centimeters (20-26 in) when straightened. Weight is between 135 and 200 ... The adult Père David's deer reaches a head-and-body length of up to 1.9-2.2 meters (6.2-7.2 ft) and stands about 1.2 meters ( ... Calf weight, calculated using Robbins and Robbins equation, tends to be between 11.3 and 13.2 kg. The juveniles (referred to as ... the body of a donkey but not a donkey, tail of a horse but not a horse" "the tail of a donkey, the head of a horse, the hoofs ...
They are the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM), the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM), ... Weight is the force exerted on a body by a gravitational field, and hence its weight depends on the strength of the ... International Bureau of Weights and Measures. Retrieved 10 November 2012. "International Committee for Weights and Measures - ... Two weights of 16 lbs., similarly marked. Nos. 12 and 13. Two weights of 32 lbs., similarly marked. No. 14. A weight with a ...
Weight loss surgery in those who are obese is an effective measure to treat diabetes.[120] Many are able to maintain normal ... decreases body fat content and decreases blood lipid levels, and these effects are evident even without weight loss.[93] ... In those who do not want to measure blood levels, measuring urine levels may be done.[82] Managing other cardiovascular risk ... The benefit of exercise occurs regardless of the person's initial weight or subsequent weight loss.[72] High levels of physical ...
Despite this, unions were formed and began to acquire political power, eventually resulting in a body of labour law that not ... The prevalence of unions in various countries can be measured by the concept of "union density", which is expressed as a ... due to the relative weight that these countries had in the EU until the EU expansion by the inclusion of 10 new Eastern ...
The trophic pyramid roughly represents the biomass (usually measured as total dry-weight) at each level. Plants generally have ... To maintain their bodies, grow, develop, and to reproduce, autotrophs produce organic matter from inorganic substances, ... which can be measured as the dry weight of an organism.[39] Autotrophs may have the highest global proportion of biomass, but ... Complexity is a measure of an increasing number of permutations and it is also a metaphorical term that conveys the mental ...
... he developed the theory necessary to measure molecular weight.[12] During this time, Svedberg's attention shifted from gold to ... regardless of where it was sampled from in the body, was unprecedented and favored the idea that proteins are macromolecules ... This gave hemoglobin a resulting weight of approximately 16,000 dalton (Da) but it was uncertain whether this value was a ... Density gradient centrifugation can be used both as a separation technique and as a method of measuring the densities of ...
When the player draws a down bow, he is to move his right hand gradually away from his body; when he draws an up bow, towards ... Ideally, the initial weight will be almost enough to cause an undesirable scratch sound.[3] ... not in precisely measured rhythm (usually at upper half of bow). ... and light weight of the stroke. Spiccato becomes sautillé at ... Collé - "stuck," or "glued," is a stroke that begins from a heavily weighted bow resting motionless on the string. ...
... for a 70 kg person-dose is likely to be higher for higher body weights).[31] ... What is actually measured indirectly is the flow of blood to different parts of the brain, which is, in general, believed to be ... Whole-body PET scan using 18F-FDG. The normal brain and kidneys are labeled, and radioactive urine from breakdown of the FDG is ... transmission scans directly measure attenuation values at 511keV.[52] Attenuation occurs when photons emitted by the ...
These measures are also recommended for those who may handle objects contaminated by an infected person's body fluids.[111] In ... and difficulty returning to pre-illness weight.[26][38] Problems with vision may develop.[39] It is recommended that survivors ... Ebola can stay in some body parts like the eyes,[143] breasts, and testicles after infection.[4][144] Sexual transmission after ... The virus spreads through direct contact with body fluids, such as blood from infected humans or other animals.[1] Spread may ...
The sensitivity of the CRH test for detecting Cushing's disease is 93% when plasma levels are measured after fifteen and thirty ... Cushing H: The Pituitary Body and its Disorders: Clinical States Produced by Disorders of the Hypophysis Cerebra. Philadelphia ... Another diagnostic test used is the urinary free cortisol (UFC) test, which measures the excess cortisol excreted by the ... Once Cushing's syndrome has been diagnosed, the first step towards finding the cause is measuring plasma corticotropin ...
The weights and measures of the Indus Valley Civilisation, on the other hand, were highly standardized, and conform to a set ... Probe body on Harappa park, Dawn. Retrieved 13 January 2006. Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine ...
The four terminals of the FET are named source, gate, drain, and body (substrate). On most FETs, the body is connected to the ... Very small size and weight, reducing equipment size.. *Large numbers of extremely small transistors can be manufactured as a ... Ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET), to measure ion concentrations in solution, ... It comprises the main body of either P-type or N-type semiconductor with ohmic contacts at each end (terminals Base1 and Base2 ...
"The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . ... Barnes LE, Levender MM, Fleischer AB, Feldman SR (April 2012). "Quality of life measures for acne patients". Dermatologic ... or low birth weight.[152] Similarly, in studies examining the effects of topical retinoids during pregnancy, fetal harm has not ... some soldiers in tropical climates developed such severe and widespread tropical acne on their bodies that they were declared ...
Some measures of efficacy that have been and/or could be used to describe vaccines include: risk of infection, risk of severe ... So about 1500 km seems to be the limit for a nonspherical body, at least one made from materials common in our solar system. ... One rare exception: the Alfa Romeo 4C: "To save weight and increase steering feel, the 4C has no power steering." Bumptump ( ... Humidity is explicitly the measure of water vapor content in the air, and not water liquid content. --OuroborosCobra (talk) 04: ...
In the United Kingdom, serving size in licensed premises is regulated under the Weights and Measures Act (1985). A single ... Excessive daily calorie intake may contribute to an increase in body weight and "beer belly". In addition to the direct effect ... Serving measuresEdit. See also: Alcohol equivalence. Shot sizesEdit. Shot sizes vary significantly from country to country. ... It is usually expressed as a measure of beer, wine, or spirits. One standard drink always contains the same amount of alcohol ...
They measure 95 by 61 millimetres (3.7 by 2.4 in), though larger eggs were found in a clutch of three eggs.[17][18] Both sexes ... The ear coverts appear as a grey patch of small feathers surrounded by red naked skin and the body plumage is silvery-grey. The ... The weight can range from 3.7 to 8.7 kilograms (8.2 to 19.2 lb).[4][9] ... Conservation measures being undertaken include international cooperation, legal protection, research, monitoring, habitat ...
Vital signs including height, weight, body temperature, blood pressure, pulse, respiration rate, and hemoglobin oxygen ... "know the best course for", from PIE base *med- "to measure, limit. Cf. Greek medos "counsel, plan", Avestan vi-mad "physician" ... have you noticed any weight loss, change in sleep quality, fevers, lumps and bumps? etc.), followed by questions on the body's ... to the body, which can then be imaged outside the body by a gamma camera or a PET scanner. Each radiopharmaceutical consists of ...
Kollatz, made the remark that the airport may face abrupt bankruptcy on 1 January 2019, if no instant measures would be taken.[ ... Both provide enough space for maintenance work on four to five narrow-body aircraft.[306][307] ... Borkheide and Schönefeld South was carried out according to 5 criteria with different weighting. Each site was advocated by ... 8-10 Eight of the gates can accommodate wide-body aircraft and one gate has been designed to accommodate the Airbus A380. The ...
The cost of treatment depends on the amount of growth hormone given, which in turn depends on the child's weight and age. One ... Disproportionate short stature can be further subdivided as specified by the body segments affected by shortening, namely limbs ... to measure the height of thousands of American children in schools and public places, and to send letters urging medical ... The anthropometric measurements include height, sitting height, arm span, upper/ lower-body segment ratio, sitting height/ ...
Along with tax measures, cessation measures, and education, smoking bans are viewed by public health experts as an important ... Administrative bodies,. courts Prisons Clinics Asylums Schools,. youth. houses,. kindergartens High. schools Gymnasiums,. ... but not with a decrease in low birth weight.[70][71] A 2016 Cochrane review found that since the previous version of that ... bodies through the skin, or be re-emitted as gases after they have left the smoky environment. Concern about third-hand smoke ...
The Council provides a forum in which the graduate student body may present, discuss, and set upon issues related to its role ... in four of the seven measured aspects of workplace satisfaction for junior faculty at 31 universities: overall tenure practices ... at Ohio State for Ohio residents placed it as the fifth-most expensive public university and slightly beneath the weighted ... Inter-Professional Council (IPC), which is a representative body of all professional students in the colleges of Dentistry, Law ...
"About ticks - preventative measures". Tick-borne diseases. Companion Vector-Borne Diseases. Archived from the original on 7 ... In 10-20% of untreated cases, EM rashes develop at sites across the body that bear no relation to the original tick bite.[23] ... Effective January 2008, the CDC gives equal weight to laboratory evidence from 1) a positive culture for B. burgdorferi; 2) two ... The EM (Erythema migrans) rash is often accompanied by symptoms of a viral-like illness, including fatigue, headache, body ...
"Measuring extinction, species by species". The Economic Times. 2008-11-06. Retrieved 2010-05-20.. ... Some researchers suggest that by 2050 there could be more plastic than fish in the oceans by weight,[187] with about 8,800,000 ... Over the past 125,000 years, the average body size of wildlife has fallen by 14% as human actions eradicated megafauna on all ... and measures their collective contribution to the tree of life.] and driving to extinction some of the "most unique animals on ...
Males typically have less body fat than females. Recent results indicate androgens inhibit the ability of some fat cells to ... 5α-Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) was 2.4 times more potent than testosterone at maintaining normal prostate weight and duct lumen ... mass (this is a measure of epithelial cell function stimulation). Whereas DHT was equally potent as testosterone at preventing ...
... of the Earth's crust measured by weight, making it the sixth most abundant element overall[52] and the most abundant alkali ... The alkali metals all have the same crystal structure (body-centred cubic)[10] and thus the only relevant factors are the ... Standard atomic weight (u)[note 7][58][59]. 6.94(1)[note 8]. 22.98976928(2). 39.0983(1). 85.4678(3). 132.9054519(2). [223][note ... The atomisation energy measures the strength of the metallic bond of an element, which falls down the group as the atoms ...
To ensure the desirable squarely built appearance, the length of body measured from the breastbone to the point of the rump ... The sizes of the official AKC-recognized Poodle breeds are determined by height, not by weight. ... The rest of the body is shaved for less drag in the water. Others express skepticism at this theory, instead citing the French ... Bonaparte wrote in his memoirs about the faithfulness of a grenadier's pet poodle who stayed with the body of his master at the ...
The head and body length is about 60-75 mm and the tail has a measurement of 50-60 mm in length. Other physical features ... the African pygmy squirrel is the world's smallest squirrel measuring about 12-14 cm (4.7-5.5 in) in total length and just 15- ... 18 g (0.53-0.63 oz) in weight, which is less than a typical house mouse.[2] ... The African pygmy squirrel's tiny body is more mouse-like than squirrel-like. The borders of the eyes and ears are rounded with ...
Snagging is a technique where the object is to hook the fish in the body. Generally, a large treble hook with a heavy sinker is ... Merwin: Does Bioline (Biodegradeable Fishing Line) Measure Up? September 30, 2009 Field and StreamRetrieved March 15, 2017 ... Important parameters of a fishing line are its length, material, and weight (thicker lines are more visible to fish). Factors ... This technique allows anglers to cover a large body of water in a short time. ...
Muscles have to realign the entire body especially the hips along the line of gravity. As the weight of the body shifted ... Surface electrodes were placed on the muscle mass of the women's spines as well as their feet to measure the electrical ... The design of the high French heels from the late 1600s to around the 1720s placed body weight on the ball of the foot, and ... Wearing high heels narrows the base of support that the body has in order to avoid falling and also restricts the area within ...
Control of the Mastomys rodent population is impractical, so measures focus on keeping rodents out of homes and food supplies, ... All persons suspected of Lassa fever infection should be admitted to isolation facilities and their body fluids and excreta ... "Mapping Transmission Risk of Lassa Fever in West Africa: The Importance of Quality Control, Sampling Bias, and Error Weighting ... to avoid contact with blood and body fluids. These issues in many countries are monitored by a department of public health. In ...
It is a measure of activity level (higher number indicates higher degree of activation[23]) often reported in mg/g (typical ... Adsorption rates for H2S as high as 50% by weight have been reported.[citation needed] ... Due to the size of color bodies, the molasses number represents the potential pore volume available for larger adsorbing ... Thus, the use of iodine number as a measure of the degree of exhaustion of a carbon bed can only be recommended if it has been ...
Because many companies have implemented worker safety and health measures in a fragmented way,[149] a new approach to worker ... Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) involve injury and pain to the joints and muscles of the body. Approximately 2.5 million ... and shed weight.[143] Other OHP interventions include a campaign to improve the rates of hand washing, an effort to get workers ... O'Driscoll, M.P., & Cooper, C.L. (1994). Coping with work-related stress: A critique of existing measures and proposal for an ...
... Summary. Summary: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal ... body size*body height*biometry*geography*socioeconomic factors*phenotype*reproduction*body weight*environment*cadaver*reference ... Total lean body mass (LEAN-tot) is one of the three major components of body weight. Its deterioration is a risk factor for ... Body weight, early growth and antler size influence antler bone mineral composition of Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus ...
Withings debuted its Smart Body Analyzer scale at CES 2013, and as of today, the scale is available for purchase. Like its ... Like its previous Wi-Fi Body Scale, Withings Smart Body Analyzer tracks weight and body fat, but this updated version also ... Withings Smart Body Analyzer Launches, Measures Weight, Heart Rate and Air Quality Wednesday March 20, 2013 10:38 AM PDT. by ... So while it may not be getting the right %, as I do lose body fat, it does measure that change is happening. Which is very ...
The bathroom scale you use every morning may soon measure much more than your weight. Researchers in Lithuania are developing ... multifunctional scales that could one day measure more than 20 health parameters and warn us about potentially dangerous ... body weight scales to measure over 20 health parameters on Business Standard. ... Jonah Hill debuts slimmer body after dramatic weight loss Teen girls delusion about weight, body image linked to alcohol use ...
Title: New Salter MiBody Bluetooth Digital Analyser Bathroom Scales Measure Weight Body Fat Water Muscl, Author: Jose Rodriguez ... Name: New Salter MiBody Bluetooth Digital Analyser Bathroom Scales Measure Weight Body Fat Water Muscl, Length: 1 pages, Page: ... New Salter MiBody Bluetooth Digital Analyser Bathroom Scales, Measure Weight, Body Fat, Water, Muscle Mass, BMI, Connect to ... Salter MiBody Bluetooth Digital Analyser Bathroom Scales, Measure Weight, Body Fat, Water, Muscle Mass, BMI, Connect to Your ...
Increased consumption of whole grain foods was found to have an impact on body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference among ... The study found an inverse relationship between whole grain intake and body weight measures for adults including body mass ... Grains Mediterranean Diet Ideal Baby Weight Height and Weight-Kids Ideal Body Weight Healthy Living Diet and Nutrition for ... For children and adolescents, an inverse relationship between whole grain intake and body weight measures were reported less ...
But the weight is staying the same (fine by me) but to ... Body fat measuring??. Ok. this is an area i have no idea on ... But the weight is staying the same (fine by me). but to realise my progress in a numeric figure, i need to measure body fat??. ... also scales that measure it?. do they work? how well? they just dont go on height and weight (much like BMI) do they actually ... I use a scale that measures body fat and like it. I dont necessarily consider it highly accurate (although in my case it seems ...
plus-sized model reveals her struggle with eating disorders left her measuring her body parts obsessively and trying crazy fad ... BODY OR WORK Iskra Lawrence reveals weight jibes made her obsessively measure every part of her body - and starve herself so ... But, as a teen, Iskra Lawrence was so obsessed with her size she measured every part of her body at regular intervals. ... "That led to body dysmorphia and eating disorders because I was not nourishing my body, I was abusing it with lack of food and ...
Your partner has no place commenting on your body - value isnt measured in weight. ... DatingDiet and Weight LossMenSocial Mediawomen. *. Travel blogger tells influencers to stop asking for free holidays to help ... Despite weight issues, Ive always been a fairly confident person, but this changed how I saw myself for a long time. If ... But people are fighting back against the idea that a value is linked to weight (FYI, in case you still havent grasped this - ...
... a measure called body mass index (BMI), to classify individuals as normal weight, overweight or obese. This total-body approach ... "We do not currently measure body fat or lean body mass directly in patients. Collecting these data is critical to increasing ... Thousands of middle-aged Canadians thought to have normal levels of body fat may be carrying extra weight in areas that ... "Our findings highlight the need for developing and implementing new triaging strategies that accurately measure body ...
... and how thats different from your body mass index (BMI). ... Find out how your wrist size can help you determine your body ... How to Measure Your Wrist to Get Your Body Frame Size - and What It Can Tell You About Your Ideal Weight By Christine Mugnolo ... Measuring your wrist can give you a rough idea of what a healthy weight range is for your body. ... Like ideal body weight, a mathematical formula is used to estimate BMI; all you need is your height and weight, per the Centers ...
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Body Weight = 220 pounds. Body Fat Percentage = 12%. After WLC Muscle Building Cycle. Body Weight = 230 pounds. Body Fat ... The 3 Site Method of Measuring Body Fat Using Calipers. There are many methods of measuring your body fat and calculating body ... Measuring body fat is very easy with those calipers.. Youll be done measuring body fat in less than one minute once you get ... Body Weight = 220 pounds. Body Fat Percentage = 12%. Lean Body Mass = 220 x (1 - 0.12) = 193.6 pounds. Fat Mass = 220 x 0.12 = ...
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Body Weight = 220.0 pounds. Body Fat Percentage = 10%. Lean Body Mass = [(Body Weight)(100 - Body Fat Percentage)]/100 = [(220 ... Fat Mass = (Body Weight)(Body Fat Percentage / 100). Thats it… plug your body weight and body fat percentage into the formulas ... Measure Body Fat Percentage. You have to measure your body fat percentage before youre able to do any muscle mass or fat mass ... Lean Body Mass = [(Body Weight)(100 - Body Fat Percentage)]/100. ... Once you have your body fat percentage and body weight, the ...
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Is this the death of the body mass index (BMI) as a measure of body weight?. By Dr John Briffa on 27 November 2005 in Mens ... 2 Responses to Is this the death of the body mass index (BMI) as a measure of body weight?. * ... it is perhaps not as telling as research which seeks to establish the relationship between this measure of body weight and ... Ideal weight recommendations traditionally come in the form of the body mass index (BMI) - calculated by dividing an ...
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  • It's true that weighing oneself can be a successful way for some people to track progress in terms of reaching a healthy bodyweight, and there's nothing wrong with that, though I do think it can be a slippery slope. (
  • A team of researchers at Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) have already developed a prototype of multifunctional body composition scales which can help identify the problems in the person's arterial condition by the pulse arrival time from heart to the feet. (
  • I believe, that in the future, the multifunctional body composition scales will measure more than 20 various health parameters," Marozas said in a statement released by KTU. (
  • Body composition scales supplemented by handlebar and matching technologies can measure a person's pulse through sensors on the handlebar and footpad electrodes. (
  • Our findings highlight the need for developing and implementing new triaging strategies that accurately measure body composition in middle-aged non-obese individuals and can be used in primary care settings to identify those who may benefit most from prevention," added Marshall. (
  • Though there are better ways to measure your body composition, the body mass index formula is perhaps the easiest to use initially. (
  • Body weight, body composition (via skinfolds), and waist circumference. (
  • DXA, incidentally, is also one of the most accurate ways to measure body composition and specifically our percentage of our body fat. (
  • We investigated the effects of whey protein (WP) supplementation on body composition and physical performance in soldiers participating in Army Initial Entry Training (IET). (
  • Body composition was assessed using 7-site skinfold assessment during weeks one and nine. (
  • ref 7) Your doctor can order an MRI or CT scan or underwater weighing, which measure body fat more accurately, if there's a concern about your body composition. (
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -Forearm blood flow responses to intra-arterial infusions of acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), body composition, and serum lipids were determined before and after weight loss. (
  • This method does not take into consideration body composition or the amount of lean mass (muscle, bone, etc) and fat mass. (
  • Body composition and athletic performance are better indicators of. (
  • The iHealth app will then show detailed body composition data including weight, body fat, lean mass, body water percentage, muscle mass, bone mass, visceral fat rating and daily calorie intake (DCI). (
  • It gives no other clue on their body composition and it becomes a puzzle of some sort when they do not lose weight even after doing all in their might to adjust their eating pattern and lifestyle. (
  • Beyond your weight in kilograms (kg) or pounds (lb) lies therein the body fat percentage, muscle, bone mass and water which all makes up the body composition. (
  • body composition. (
  • The Tanita D1000 Remote Display displays nine body composition readings wirelessly from your BC-1000 platform. (
  • Tanita introduced the world's first integrated body composition scale to the professional markets in 1992. (
  • Any study done to determine nutritional status must take into account the state of the body before and after experiments, as well as the chemical composition of the whole diet and of all the materials excreted and eliminated from the body (including urine and feces). (
  • Researchers in Lithuania are developing multifunctional scales that could one day measure more than 20 health parameters and warn us about potentially dangerous life conditions. (
  • We are continuously increasing the number of parameters, that can be measured using our scales. (
  • i have heard of the caliper way to measure (doesn't sound too accurate to me) also scales that measure it? (
  • The problem is, the scales don't show you the entire picture of your weight loss progress. (
  • When it comes to weight, the scales are not a perfect way of measuring your progress. (
  • Bioelectrical impedance analysis uses scales to measure the rate through which electrical signals travel throughout your body. (
  • At HOSPEQ we offer a collection of weight scales for the professional environment from the hospital to clinic's to the doctors office. (
  • Heres how you can stay strong and motivated without stepping on a measure weight loss without scales regularly. (
  • Shapa scales measure progress, not weight. (
  • Measure weight loss without scales to keep track of diet and weight loss success lose weight zinc the scale. (
  • The problem with body weight scales is that they measure everything measure weight loss without scales, muscle. (
  • How do you tell measure weight loss without scales losing weight then. (
  • Measure directly diet pills only in kentucky your skin bulky clothes will give measure weight loss without scales a false reading. (
  • How do measure weight loss without scales tell youre losing weight then. (
  • There are various weighing scales blueberries weight loss bodybuilding in the market for measuring weight of measure weight loss without scales body. (
  • MEASURES UP TO 180KG: Keep track of your weight with these accurate body scales. (
  • The scales have been made to withstand a weight of up to 180kg / 397lb. (
  • UPDATE: The iHealth Body Analysis Scale has now been replaced by the iHealth Core - read a review of the iHealth Core in our Best Smart Scales reviews round up . (
  • Body fat scales have the comparative advantage of providing you with more details. (
  • Skinfold calipers, body fat scales or handheld electronic devices are also available for home use. (
  • In recent years, Weight scales have become extremely advanced, now being able to measure body bat percentages, muscle mass, body water percentage and more! (
  • What are scales capable of measuring now? (
  • Scales have become incredibly advanced, with some now being able to measure things like body fat percentage, water percentage, muscle mass, in addition to measuring your weight. (
  • Body fat scales use Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). (
  • The more advanced scales like the Tanita BC-1000 and BC 545N In addition to weight, body fat percentage, and hydration levels, provide measurements on muscle mass, overall physique rating, daily caloric intake, metabolic age rating, bone mass, and visceral fat. (
  • These unique features make these scales extremely popular amongst Personal Trainers, Body Builders and Athletes with the large amount of information that can be gathered to guide themselves and/or clients to reach they're goals. (
  • How accurate are these scales when it comes to measuring body fat percentage and muscle mass? (
  • The scales are actually able to measure your body fat and muscle mass very accurately compared to skin fold measurements, but are still not 100% correct. (
  • As such it is recommended to use these kinds of scales regularly as a base measure when tracking your progress under the same conditions to keep the information as accurate as possible. (
  • Measure yourself once every week on the same day, at the same time before performing exercise - using the scales like this will give you a more accurate way of tracking your progress over time. (
  • For many people, there is a desire to lose weight, and to this extent, a set of scales is a great way to track you're progress, but one massive disadvantage to a standard set of scales is that they don't tell you whether it is changes in lean mass or changes in fat mass that is responsible for changes in weight. (
  • Withings debuted its Smart Body Analyzer scale at CES 2013, and as of today, the scale is available for purchase. (
  • Like its previous Wi-Fi Body Scale , Withings' Smart Body Analyzer tracks weight and body fat, but this updated version also monitors heart rate and environmental air quality. (
  • Air quality detection might seem like a strange addition to a scale, but Withings says that the feature, which measures ambient temperature and carbon dioxide levels, is designed as a sleep and health aid. (
  • I have the original Withings scale, and there is something to be said about being able to watch your weight / body fat in an app over time. (
  • The bathroom scale you use every morning may soon measure much more than your weight. (
  • Woman Measuring Body Weight On Weighing Scale Holding Donut and apple. (
  • I use a scale that measures body fat and like it. (
  • While your IBW may give you a specific number you can shoot for when you step on the scale, it may not be the best way to determine good health when it comes to your weight. (
  • Height and weight BMI Machine Body scale Bluetooth and RS232 Connect computer from Zhengzhou Dingheng Functions with Coin Slot/Coin Operat. (
  • Weighing measuring apparatus height and weight body fat scale machines with blood pressure monitor and pulse Functions with Coin Slot/Coin Operat. (
  • Human Body Weight Scale Hei. (
  • Health Body Human Scale Bal. (
  • Digital Height Weight Scale. (
  • Beebo-US and HomeSmart (99% positive feedback) via Amazon offers the Koogeek Smart Bluetooth Body Scale for $25.15 shipped when code FYYH6QQG has been added at checkout. (
  • When I don't measure for a few days, I get on the scale to see if I've gained weight. (
  • You Are Not Your Scale Weight! (
  • I see too many people and fitness 'professionals' using the number on the scale as a direct measure of health and/or fitness. (
  • If you're doing things right - if you are eating clean and healthily the majority of the time and if you're committed to regularly pushing yourself through a variety of workouts using different training styles (for cardiovascular health, strength, and flexibility), there is no need to obsess over your scale weight. (
  • It actually makes my hands shake a bit to hammer these words out onto the page, in anticipation of pushing them live on the world wide web, but I'm hoping that my own experience of letting go of the scale number to instead focus on things that lead to a strong and healthy body and mind, can influence at least one other person to consider doing the same. (
  • Even if you do need to lose weight - even if you have 300 pounds to lose - detangle that number on the scale with your self worth. (
  • If you make genuine good health your focus, weight loss will naturally follow, even if you're not stalking the scale. (
  • I'm glad that you're happy with the Body Fat Scale. (
  • Does the Vive Precision body fat scale have auto recognition? (
  • The scale includes an auto-recognition feature, however, if two users have a similar weight, you will be prompted to choose which profile you would like to use. (
  • Is the body fat scale actually measuring BMI or just use a formula? (
  • Using the BIA technology the scale sends a minute electric current through the body to measure body fat, muscle mass, bone density and water weight. (
  • Is it possible to set the scale to measure in KG instead of LBS? (
  • How can I make sure my Vive body fat scale is accurate? (
  • What is the weight limit on this scale? (
  • The body fat scale safely supports up to 400 pounds. (
  • Can the scale measure regular body weight as well as body fat? (
  • Yes, the scale provides seven measurements, including standard body weight. (
  • The body fat scale allows for up to eight profiles to be created for easier tracking. (
  • These measurements can be taken in a healthcare provider's office, or at home using a tape measure and scale. (
  • Its been ingrained in us to rely on the scale to measure our weight loss progress. (
  • Most people use the weight listed on a scale as the determining factor of whether they are healthy or not. (
  • Measure weight loss without a scale. (
  • Another way to measure weight loss without stepping on the scale is by how your. (
  • 12 Non-Scale Ways to Track Weight Loss Success. (
  • From taking selfies to tracking your sleep, there are much better ways than busting out the bathroom scale to measure the success of your. (
  • Yes, weve all heard that muscle How to Tell if You Are Losing Weight Without a Scale. (
  • How to keep track of diet and self hypnosis for weight loss reviews loss success without the scale. (
  • Heres how you can stay strong and motivated without stepping on a scale vegetarian lose weight garcinia cambogia infused water. (
  • Instead of focusing on what the scale says, try these 5 methods to track your weight loss. (
  • Using the scale has its place, especially if you are carefully tracking your weight-loss progress. (
  • Heres how ditching the scale helped these women lose weight and feel. (
  • For many trying to shed pounds, the elation from that initial weight loss is brought to a screeching halt when the scale stops moving. (
  • lose weight zinc Ways to Measure Progress Without Stepping on a Scale. (
  • Granted, if your goal is specifically weight loss, the scale is the only method to measure progress. (
  • Measure your weight loss success without the scale. (
  • The iHealth Wireless Body Analysis Scale measures your weight, BMI, and calculates body fat indices, lean body mass, muscle mass, bone mass, water mass and your visceral fat rating. (
  • Should I buy the iHealth Wireless Body Analysis scale? (
  • The iHealth Wireless Body Analysis Scale measures much much more than just your weight, and links well with the iOs and Android app to give your probably more body data than anyone but a doctor will need. (
  • Like Fitbit's Aria scale the iHealth Wireless Body Analysis Scale does more than weigh you and report back to the app. (
  • Step on the scale and it will read your weight, then display your Body Fat percentage. (
  • The iHealth wireless body analysis scale costs €119.95 direct from iHealth , and can be found for around just under £100 via Amazon . (
  • We will ask you to record your body weight (using a scale we will provide) as well as your food intake and exercise habits. (
  • At the first session, you will receive a scale and other technology to help manage your weight during pregnancy. (
  • Most people are used to the regular weighing scale that only provides them with their total body weight. (
  • A Body Fat Scale is definitely a companion that we all should have so long we want to have the required data on our true weight report. (
  • A Body Mass Index does not give an analysis on this component of the body weight but a Body Fat Scale does that. (
  • This is another comparative advantage of purchasing a Body Fat Scale which gives the analysis of such detail. (
  • Your lean body mass which is also known as the muscle mass scale is another component of the total body weight. (
  • A Body Fat scale also takes this into consideration in giving you a comprehensive breakdown like no other. (
  • I just don't have a scale so here I am with my measuring tape, checking my fluctuation. (
  • Purchase Etekcity Digital Body Weight Bathroom Scale with Step-On Technology, 400 Lb, Body Tape Measure Included at Discounted Prices ✓ FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases. (
  • When choosing a weight scale there are a number of things you should consider to help you choose the right scale for you. (
  • It is important to check the weight Capacity of a scale you are looking at purchasing to make sure it suits your needs. (
  • The scale then uses this information and uses a formula to give you a body fat percentage reading. (
  • Using the same technology used in our professional analyzers, Tanita developed the world's first scale plus body fat monitor for home use in 1994. (
  • This scale gives a very accurate weight and I love the body fat function. (
  • However, Canada and most other developed countries commonly use weight in relation to height, a measure called body mass index (BMI), to classify individuals as normal weight, overweight or obese. (
  • Women were most at risk of a missed diagnosis of being overweight or obese when their BMI was measured. (
  • After adjustments for established risk factors in overweight/obese women, none of the measures were significantly associated with CVD risk. (
  • Among overweight/obese individuals all measures failed to predict CVD in women, whereas WHHR was the strongest predictor after adjustments for CVD risk factors in men. (
  • Further, obese patients who are followed longitudinally after gastric bypass surgery and who have subsequently lost considerable weight, can lose significant bone mineral density, according to Rosen and Bouxsein, but a patient's age, sex , ethnicity , and lean body mass are contributing factors for the development of osteoporosis. (
  • Weight that is higher than what is considered as a healthy weight for a given height is described as overweight or obese. (
  • BMI calculator results are grouped into the broad categories of underweight , healthy weight , overweight and obese . (
  • However, the effect of this diet on body weight in obese subjects has never been examined. (
  • This study investigated the effects of 8-h time restricted feeding on body weight and metabolic disease risk factors in obese adults. (
  • Although alternate day fasting and 5:2 have been shown to be effective for weight loss [ 4-9 ], recent research suggests that obese individuals may have difficulties sticking to these diets long-term [ 10 ]. (
  • We compared, in the face of similar weight loss over 3-6 months, effects of orlistat (120 mg t.i.d., n = 23) and placebo ( n = 24) on in vivo endothelial function in a high-risk group of obese (BMI 32.1 ± 0.4 kg/m 2 ) premenopausal nondiabetic women with a history of gestational diabetes. (
  • In the present study, we compared the effects of moderate weight loss with or without simultaneous lowering of fat absorption and LDL cholesterol on endothelial function in obese women. (
  • The number from this equation is used to categorize people as underweight, normal weight, overweight or obese). (
  • Doctor measuring obese man waist body fat. (
  • Overweight and obese men and women ( n = 100) were randomly assigned to a standard reduced-energy-density diet or a walnut-enriched (15% of energy) reduced-energy diet in the context of a behavioral weight loss intervention. (
  • White House doctor Ronny Jackson said he did not perform a key measurement of Trump's physical fitness, despite his borderline-obese weight of 239 pounds. (
  • Adults who were normal weight at the time of incident diabetes had higher mortality than adults who were overweight or obese.1 However, the relationship between obesity and cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes and hypertension is unknown. (
  • Whilst continuous energy restriction (CER) has been shown to be an effective weight loss strategy in overweight and obese populations, many individuals find the rigidity of the regime too difficult to maintain [ 10 ]. (
  • If you think you are obese or have questions about healthy weight, talk to your doctor. (
  • As long as you have a caliper and yourself, you'll be able to record the measurements and calculate your body fat percentage with the 3 site method. (
  • As you might have guessed, you're going to take body fat caliper measurements at 3 different locations on your body. (
  • So let's make sure you're on the right track by taking measurements, counting calories, and being consistent with your weight lifting, stretching, diet, and cardio. (
  • You then get the average of two to three measurements to estimate the total body fat percentage. (
  • down week after week, taking proper body measurements allows you a clear. (
  • Heres why your measurements are changing, but not your weight. (
  • Body Measurement Tracker allows you to track and chart all of your most important body measurements including weight, waist, hips, thighs, biceps, body fat. (
  • A Body measurements are a great way to see localized circumference changes. (
  • Of course, better-fitting clothes tell you that youve lost inches, but the tape.It includes seven body fat calculators, record tape measurements, macronutrients, and pictures as you lose body fat. (
  • fat or BMI if you are intending to monitor your weight loss.Body measurements are a great way to record your progress as you lose weight. (
  • Solved I am trying to figure out how to track body measurements on the. (
  • Body measurements, blood pressure, physical activity, lipids, tocopherols and fatty acids were analyzed using repeated measures mixed models. (
  • There were no medical, safety, or other exclusions for the body measurements protocol. (
  • Arm and leg measurements were made on the right side of the body. (
  • If an examinee had an amputation, medical condition, or medical appliance, such as a cast, that prevented measurements from being taken on the right side of the body, the examiner took measurements on the left side. (
  • The body measurements file does not identify persons who had amputations because the information might be considered identifiable and pose a disclosure concern. (
  • This data file includes body measurements for women who were pregnant at the time of their health examination. (
  • The 2009-2010 NHANES anthropometry protocol included additional three arthritis body measurements (occiput-to-wall distance, chest expansion, and active lumbar flexion) for survey participants who were 20-69 years at the time of their health examination. (
  • These three measurements were released as a separate data file named Arthritis Body Measures (ARX_F). (
  • Please refer to the NHANES 2009-2010 Anthropometry Procedures Manual ( ) for further details on obtaining body measurements. (
  • If a participant had an amputation, medical condition, or medical appliance, such as a cast, that prevented measurements from being taken on the right side of the body, the health technician took measurements on the left side. (
  • Keep on with your tape measure - as long as the measurements are getting smaller, you are making headway. (
  • In theory, long term changes in body weight are dependent upon: - Stage of development span over which the measurements are taken (e.g. juvenile to adult, mature adult only etc. (
  • You'll just need to input your height, weight, age, gender and measurements (see above). (
  • However, weight and measurements should be noted AT LEAST once a month. (
  • One of the most cost-effective ways to measure body fat percentage is the tried and tested method of skinfold measurements, using body fat calipers to pinch different areas of your body. (
  • All measurements should be made on right hand side of the body for consistency. (
  • There are different sites for males and females, with males to obtain measurements of chest, abdominals, and quads, and females to obtain measures of triceps, suprailiac (hip) and thigh. (
  • Besides, if you ask me, the best indicator of your overall body fat percentage is a good long look in the mirror! (
  • This total-body approach does not measure specific locations, such as the waist, where a large percentage of an individual's body fat may collect. (
  • The only true way to measure your body improvements is to measure your body fat percentage. (
  • Do you see how you need body fat percentage to calculate the progress you've made? (
  • Now you just need to know how to measure body fat percentage, right? (
  • There are many methods of measuring your body fat and calculating body fat percentage. (
  • Within the WLC System Manual, you'll find an even easier method of getting your body fat percentage. (
  • So, the Jackson/Pollock 3 Site Method will be a way for you to measure your body fat percentage on a consistent basis. (
  • You have to measure your body fat percentage before you're able to do any muscle mass or fat mass calculations. (
  • Once you have your body fat percentage and body weight, the calculations for muscle mass and fat mass are very simple. (
  • That's it… plug your body weight and body fat percentage into the formulas above and you'll have your results. (
  • For example, if two people have the same body mass index, men tend to have a lower body fat percentage than women. (
  • Instead, for most people, it correlates to measures of body fat percentage . (
  • However, the fact that the BMI formula does not directly measure body fat percentage means that you should not use it by itself to determine health risks. (
  • You should supplement the measure with body fat percentage to get a more complete picture of your health circumstances. (
  • Before you start any fat loss or weight training program, in addition to your body weight, you must take your body fat percentage reading. (
  • After doing weight training program for few months, your weight may stay the same or even increase, but your body fat percentage should go lower. (
  • So, it is important to know your body fat percentage. (
  • Body fat percentage is expected to increase when we get older. (
  • The higher your percentage of fat above average levels, the higher yo ur health risk for weight-related illness such as heart disease, high blood pressure, gallstones, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis and certain cancers. (
  • an article explaining how to conveniently measure body fat percentage would be great. (
  • There are different ways to measure body fat percentage, with the two most common ways being measuring your actual weight and calculating your body mass index (BMI). (
  • However, the gold standard is body fat percentage and there are lots of different ways to measure it. (
  • They measure the fold of your skin to help you estimate the percentage of body fat. (
  • Body fat percentage is a valuable way of measuring progress because this is what we need to focus on. (
  • DEXA scan or commonly known as bone density scanning is actually used for osteoporosis, but it can also be used to get your body fat percentage. (
  • When they weigh you under water, they can tell how much fat and how much muscle you have and from that they can tell the percentage of body fat you have. (
  • This rate is used to calculate your body fat percentage. (
  • There are a lot of ways to measure progress, not just your weight or body fat percentage. (
  • If you want to know how to measure your body fat percentage simply and. (
  • Free body fat calculator for the estimation of your body fat percentage based on your size. (
  • Its possible to reduce your body fat percentage and weigh the same, especially if youre losing fat and gaining lean muscle. (
  • 3) Measure your body fat percentage This one is a little tricky depending on. (
  • If you're overweight with a large waist circumference, focus on getting into a healthy weight range first -- then invest in clinical tests to track your body fat percentage. (
  • ref 1 p13) Using this method, a 5-foot, 9-inch tall man with a waist circumference 19 inches larger than his neck circumference has a body fat percentage of about 18 percent. (
  • ref 1 p20) A 5-foot-5-inch woman whose waist plus hip circumference minus her neck circumference equals 55 has a body fat percentage of about 29 percent. (
  • ref 2) Subtract the lean body mass from the total weight to figure out how many pounds of fat you have, then divide the pounds of body fat by your total weight to get your body fat percentage. (
  • A better way for you to find a healthy weight is to find a professional who can measure your body fat percentage. (
  • When we say body fat percentage, many misconstrue it to mean the overlapping folds of skin that make them look endomorphic. (
  • In order to remain in healthy balance and prevent obesity-associated health problems, it is important to be aware of your own physical fat percentage and how it measures up against ideals established by the scientific community. (
  • Knowing fat percentage also helps determine ideal weight as a goal for healthy weight loss. (
  • Studies have indicated that 12 percent of fertility problems in women are due to low fat percentage on the body. (
  • For women trying to reduce the percentage of fat on their body, exercise can also cause problems with fertility. (
  • So, actually it is not analyzing your body fat percentage so much as your body density. (
  • 5. Calculate your body fat percentage. (
  • You can track this to some extent by simply looking in the mirror, however to measure progress accurately you will want a quantifiable way of tracking changes, and measuring body fat percentage is the perfect way of doing this. (
  • The advantage of the 7-site method is that the additional measurement sites give a better picture of all round body fat percentage, however it is obviously more time-consuming than the 3-site method. (
  • Moreover, epidemiologic studies have reported that consuming most daily calories in the evening is associated with higher body mass index (BMI) and an increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome. (
  • If you are overweight or have obesity and have decided to lose weight, even modest weight loss can mean big health benefits. (
  • Although controversy remains about the definition of obesity and its relative importance in subgroups of women, these results provide clinicians with additional justification for continuing to recommend weight control. (
  • This condition, called normal weight obesity, puts you at the same risk of obesity-related illnesses as being overweight. (
  • The most precise way to measure obesity in a child is by using BMI-for-age percentiles. (
  • Obesity in children (referred to as "overweight" in the weight status category table) is determined by using BMI-for-age percentiles. (
  • BMI is the most common method to measure adult obesity. (
  • However, BMI is now becoming a popular tool, which is combined with BMI-for-age percentiles, used to measure obesity in children. (
  • Obesity and weight loss. (
  • Current guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity recommend prescribing a reduced-energy diet as a primary treatment intervention to promote weight loss, as part of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention, and conclude that a variety of dietary approaches can produce weight loss [ 1 ]. (
  • NHANES body measurement data are used to monitor trends in infant and child growth, to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the U.S. population, and to examine the associations between body weight and the health and nutritional status of the U.S. population. (
  • The Sagittal Abdominal Diameter (SAD), a new measurement, was first obtained in the 2011-2012 survey cycle as a data collection effort to establish U.S. population-based reference ranges, and to improve the health risk assessments associated with body weight and obesity. (
  • Education regarding identification and interpretation of weight status may play an important role to help reduce the incidence and racial disparity of female adolescent obesity. (
  • The existing weight disparities at adolescence are of concern and suggest that future disparities may grow even further given that obesity tracks into adulthood [ 3 ]. (
  • Most people are familiar with the term " body fat ," usually associating it with obesity, heart disease, cholesterol levels and general unhealthiness. (
  • The best benefit of losing excess fat is that by doing so, your body returns to good health and many obesity-associated health problems disappear. (
  • Dr Nagahiro said: "Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) but several studies have reported that low body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) was associated with worse cardiovascular outcome compared to middle or higher BMI. (
  • Weight loss has now become a main health priority across the world due to the increased number of people with obesity and over weight. (
  • The study found an inverse relationship between whole grain intake and body weight measures for adults including body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC). (
  • We do not currently measure body fat or lean body mass directly in patients. (
  • We need to calculate lean body mass, which we will call muscle. (
  • Calculating lean body mass and fat mass is going to be very easy for many of you. (
  • Measuring your muscle mass and fat mass is the key to measuring your bodies response to your weight lifting program. (
  • Well, lean body mass is what we will call your muscle mass and this is the type we want to increase or at least keep the same during fat loss cycles. (
  • Fat mass is the amount of fat you have on your body and, of course, we will want to decrease that or at least not gain too much more for those people who want to gain weight and build muscle mass. (
  • The more muscle mass you have, the more calories your body burns each day. (
  • If you calculate lean body mass and fat mass before and after each cycle of WLC or any other weight lifting program, you will be able to measure the progress you've made over the past few months. (
  • What is the body mass index formula and what does it mean? (
  • This is because the body mass index formula does not measure a person's fatness directly. (
  • So, after you calculate your body mass index , how do you interpret the results? (
  • Is this the death of the body mass index (BMI) as a measure of body weight? (
  • The fact that our collective mass has grown considerably of late has inevitably triggered warnings from health professionals about how this may swell our risk of weight-related conditions such as heart disease. (
  • Ideal weight recommendations traditionally come in the form of the body mass index (BMI) - calculated by dividing an individual's weight in kilograms by the square of their height in metres. (
  • 05) dose-response relationship between amount of exercise and amount of weight loss and fat mass loss. (
  • Also, mediation analyses were conducted to examine the pathways between hours of media use and body mass index (BMI). (
  • Changes in nutritional intake, body mass index (calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared), fat mass, physical activity, blood indicators, and quality of life. (
  • proximal humerus) without accompanying significant trauma , and low bone mineral density, a measure of bone mass. (
  • We examined the association for rates of age- and sex-standardized body mass index (zBMI) gain between 0-3, 3-18, and 18-36 months with BP in children at 36-72 months of age. (
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference are screening tools to estimate weight status in relation to potential disease risk. (
  • Your body mass index (BMI) is an estimate of your body fat that is based on your height and weight. (
  • To assess the validity, in terms of risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), of the 1990 U.S. weight guidelines for women, which increased the range of desirable body mass index (BMI) at 35 years of age from 19 to 24 kg/m 2 to a range of 21 to 27 kg/m 2 . (
  • Higher levels of adiposity within the "normal" range, as assessed by the body mass index, were associated with an increased risk for fatal and nonfatal coronary artery disease. (
  • An online lean body mass calculator can help you estimate how much of your weight consists of muscle and lean tissue. (
  • In most people, lean body mass consists of between 60 and 90 percent of weight. (
  • ref 2) The equations used to estimate lean body mass are relatively accurate, but can overestimate lean body mass by a few pounds, according to a study published in BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology in 2013. (
  • For example, using this type of calculator, a 5-foot, 3-inch tall, 40-year-old woman who weighs 150 pounds has about 96.4 to 101.5 pounds of lean body mass, depending on the equation used by the calculator. (
  • Should Schools Assess Body Mass Index (BMI)? (
  • So if you lift weights, are genetically lean and muscular, or play a sport that increases muscle mass, BMI can be misleading in terms of finding a healthy bodyweight. (
  • The technician then calculates your body density by dividing your body mass by the volume of the water that it displaces, minus any air left in your lungs. (
  • Bioelectrical impedance is another relatively simple method for determining percent body fat, but it can produce inaccurate results if a person is dehydrated, over hydrated, severely overweight, or older with little muscle mass. (
  • Have you ever had questions about mass or how to find the weight of the object itself. (
  • Weight, height, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated among 8408 adolescents who participated in a population based study in 1995-97 in the county of Nord-Trøndelag. (
  • Normal weight is measured by the body mass index or BMI . (
  • It also measures BMI, and calculates body fat indices, lean body mass, muscle mass, bone mass, water mass and your visceral fat rating. (
  • Weight loss refers to removing excess fat from the body for an average body mass index. (
  • This paper investigated weight misperceptions as determinants of racial/ethnic disparities in body mass index (BMI) among adolescent females using data from the National Survey of Youth 1997. (
  • A recent study that examined parental SES along with economic contextual variables found that these factors altogether explained a large portion of the racial/ethnic weight gap for adolescent males but not for females and, in particular, explained the least amount (only 44%) of the racial gap in body mass index (BMI) between black and white adolescent females [ 9 ]. (
  • The Body Mass Index , for instance, is a parameter for knowing if your weight is in proper check. (
  • For trend analysis: body mass index and waist-to-height ratio (WtHr). (
  • The mean patient age was 36.5 years, and the average body mass index was 27.5 kg/m 2 at the time of surgical correction of gynecomastia. (
  • The trend remained after conducting logistic regression and controlling for age, race, socioeconomic status, and body mass index. (
  • With advanced features that can help to measure your lean mass to fat ratio, the products available are ideal for fitness fans as well as anybody who is on a diet and would like to be able to monitor their progress accurately. (
  • An indicator light illuminates the corresponding icon (weight, Body Fat %, Body Water %, Muscle Mass, Bone Mass, DCI - Daily Caloric Intake, Metabolic Age, Physique Rating, Visceral Fat) for each measurement as it is displayed on the oversized LCD screen with blue backlight. (
  • The first is called body mass index (BMI). (
  • From a performance point of view, as well as aesthetically, you often want to reduce body fat whilst simultaneously keeping your muscle mass as high as possible. (
  • Am I the only one who measures more than the standard: bust/waist/hip? (
  • Hands measuring waist with a tape. (
  • Young woman measuring waist. (
  • Senior woman measuring her waist at gym. (
  • Cheerful lovely african woman in casual clothes measuring waist and hips with measuring tape in domestic interior, looking at herself reflection in the mirror and smiling happily after losing weight. (
  • Girl with sport figure measures the size of her waist. (
  • Among individuals volunteering for a 22-week worksite research study, an intervention using a low-fat, vegan diet effectively reduced body weight and waist circumference. (
  • Another way to estimate your potential disease risk is to measure your waist circumference. (
  • Waist circumference can be used as a screening tool but is not diagnostic of the body fatness or health of an individual. (
  • body fat for our healths sake or not is to measure our waist (see above) and. (
  • Several studies indicate that a large waist-to-hip ratio (an "apple" or android body shape) is more strongly associated with risk for CAD than is BMI ( 1 ). (
  • While your waist measurement and weight can help you estimate whether you're at a healthy size -- and whether or not you're at a higher risk of weight-related illness -- they aren't the best way to figure out your body fat levels. (
  • if you're a women, it estimates body fat based on your waist circumference, hip circumference, neck circumference and height. (
  • This calculation uses age, gender, height and weight rather than your waist circumference and weight. (
  • If you're a woman, your waist shouldn't measure more than 35 inches, and, if you're a man, it should be less than 40 inches to limit your risk for heart disease and diabetes. (
  • ref 5 & 6 if 5 isn't working) For example, a 5-foot, 2-inch tall woman should have a waist measuring between 27 and 30 inches, and a 6-foot tall man should have one measuring from 31 to 38 inches. (
  • You sit in a large tank or tub full of water in a special chair with a weight belt around your waist. (
  • At a press conference on Tuesday, White House doctor Ronny Jackson said he did not measure a key indicator of Trump's physical fitness: his waist circumference. (
  • Jackson nonetheless described the president as in "excellent health," and said he did not feel a need to measure Trump's waist. (
  • However, physicians are increasingly recognizing waist size as a key measure of health. (
  • Public-health experts have known for years that BMI isn't a perfect tool for measuring physical fitness and that an improved metric would incorporate waist circumference. (
  • There's a second way to get an idea of how close you are to a healthy weight -- just measure your waist. (
  • Like BMI, measuring your waist doesn't show for sure that you're overweight. (
  • Stand up and wrap a measuring tape around your waist (just above the hip bones). (
  • Measure your waist at the thinnest part. (
  • Men with a waist-to-hip ratio higher than 0.9 have too much of a belly (think apple-shaped).Women with a number higher than 0.85 are carrying too much weight (more like a pear). (
  • The waist-to-hip guidelines differ by sex because men tend to carry extra weight in their bellies, while women show it more in the hips and buttocks. (
  • Measurement will be today's focus for how I lost weight. (
  • Repeated measures of BP taken over two or more visits have been shown to improve the reliability of BP measurement in children, as well as the correlation between childhood and adulthood measures of BP [ 16 , 17 ]. (
  • Unintentional weight or body measurement changes might even be a sign of. (
  • To get an accurate measurement of your body fat, you'll have to consult a professional. (
  • Once you have plotted the measurement, locate the corresponding shaded color on the bottom of the chart to determine your child's weight-for-age percentile. (
  • All survey participants were eligible for the body measurement component. (
  • The body measurement data were collected, in the Mobile Examination Center (MEC), by trained health technicians. (
  • The health technician was assisted by a recorder during the body measurement examination. (
  • The respondent's age at the time of the screening interview determined the body measurement examination protocol for survey participants. (
  • The body measurement examination rooms in each of the mobile examination centers were identical with respect to layout and equipment. (
  • Review criteria were based on NHANES 1999-2008 body measurement data. (
  • Weight Loss. (
  • During the final days leading up to 2019, there was a weight loss story that grabbed the headlines before swiftly disappearing into the New Year's Eve excitement - and it needs more attention. (
  • not only because Brook is a public figure with thousands of women following her every move, but also because this type of scenario is actually about more than just a quip on weight loss. (
  • I was just wondering what body parts (or if any) that others are measuring for weight loss. (
  • You shouldn't care about body weight in terms of progress as much as you do about muscle gain and fat loss. (
  • Cristina could then lie How To Measure Body For Weight Loss down to sleep, I do not want this unexpected burst of scared to sleep Meaning completely dispelled. (
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  • new start for healthy nutrition, body slimming, weight loss. (
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  • Weight loss after sport training. (
  • When you're starting a weight loss journey for better health, one of the keys to success is properly measuring your progress. (
  • It's important to know how to properly track your weight when you're on a weight loss program so you can make adjustments as needed and reward yourself accordingly. (
  • Unless you're going through a massive body-building program, measuring your BMI is a good way to track your progress if you're doing a general weight loss program. (
  • As to how much weight loss is healthy, know that just 10% reduction in your body weight is going to produce enormous benefits because of the fact that this fat, especially abdominal fat, is actively producing things that are affecting our metabolic health. (
  • Tracking your progress by checking your weight or calculating your BMI are acceptable measures of progress if you have started with either of these and you are doing a general weight loss program with resistance training. (
  • The situation, though, is complex: remarkably, both a lowered body weight (and even a recent weight loss of only 5%) and excessive weight can be risk factors for increased bone loss and increased risk of fractures. (
  • Words: 937 Two Methods of Weight loss. (
  • If youre following a weight loss program, there be times when you dont lose. (
  • How Do I Accurately Track My Weight and Fat Loss? (
  • Cardio workouts to burn fat not muscle colonic irrigation help lose weight is running the best how to measure body inches for weight loss thing to do to lose. (
  • Next to unhealthy weight loss program that work, this is using parasites to lose weight. (
  • Before starting the program I lost 10 pounds through changes in my diet, Rio detaching the battery and doing a full check and recharge means that your battery measuring body inches for weight loss ready for action when the next sunny day comes along. (
  • Unhealthy weight control behaviors are commonly characterized by extreme calorie restriction and nutrition imbalance that lead to short-term weight loss, increasing the risk to developing anemia, osteoporosis, and absent or irregular menstruation and dehydration [ 4 ]. (
  • Time restricted feeding decreases energy intake without calorie counting and may be a viable option for weight loss. (
  • Weight loss and other outcomes were compared to a matched historical control group ( n = 23). (
  • These findings suggest that 8-h time restricted feeding produces mild caloric restriction and weight loss, without calorie counting. (
  • Gill and Panda [ 11 ] examined the effects of 10-h time restricted feeding in overweight healthy adults and showed a 4% weight loss that was sustained for one year. (
  • Accumulating evidence suggests that even small amounts of weight loss can lead to improvements in metabolic health [ 15 ]. (
  • OBJECTIVE -Effects of weight loss on vascular function are unknown. (
  • RESULTS -Weight loss averaged 7.3 ± 0.2 kg (8.3 ± 0.1%) and 7.4 ± 0.2 kg (8.2 ± 0.1%) of initial body weight in the orlistat and placebo groups, respectively. (
  • CONCLUSIONS -Orlistat but not moderate (8%) weight loss per se improves endothelial function in women with previous gestational diabetes. (
  • Weight loss has beneficial effects on multiple markers of cardiovascular risk ( 8 ). (
  • Their magnitude of improvement is proportional to the amount of weight loss ( 8 ). (
  • Modest weight loss (5-10%) may not always result in significant long-term changes in risk factors. (
  • Effects of weight loss of any magnitude on endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatory responses have not been studied. (
  • Orlistat is a lipase inhibitor that prevents fat absorption, facilitates weight loss, and prevents weight regain ( 9 ). (
  • Although most effects of orlistat are attributable to weight loss, it lowers LDL cholesterol more than expected from weight loss alone ( 10 ). (
  • Kim Kardashian Slammed for Weight Loss Lollipops. (
  • Notice how loose your diet pills only in kentucky blueberries weight loss bodybuilding fitting. (
  • and am showing you ways to measure how to slim down knees and calves progress (that arent weight loss). (
  • After that just log your 4 variables lose weight zinc, calculate your daily weight loss or gain, subtract. (
  • Because although picking an arbitrary number for weight loss is a decent. (
  • One of the most frustrating things about weight loss is that it all too often. (
  • Why you should measure your weight loss goals by your size and not your. (
  • They hop on, stare at the number, then measure their daily, walking weight loss yahoo answers, or vegetarian lose weight faster. (
  • Grab a standard measuring tape to measure blueberries weight loss bodybuilding changes. (
  • I began my weight-loss journey at 315 weight gain hair loss fatigue acne, and Ive learned that. (
  • Dietary strategies that help patients adhere to a weight reduction diet may increase the likelihood of weight loss maintenance and improved long-term health outcomes. (
  • These findings provide further evidence that a walnut-enriched reduced-energy diet can promote weight loss that is comparable to a standard reduced-energy-density diet in the context of a behavioral weight loss intervention. (
  • Although weight loss in response to both dietary strategies was associated with improvements in cardiovascular disease risk factors, the walnut-enriched diet promoted more favorable effects on LDL-C and systolic blood pressure. (
  • The following diet personality quiz is designed to help you identify a weight loss plan that meets your needs. (
  • 4 Weight Loss Tips For Teens - How Can Teens Lose Weight? (
  • Florence's Weight Loss Story! (
  • Two years ago, I entered a weight loss clinic due to the "day of reckoning" where on a jet I couldn't fasten my seat belt. (
  • Three days after my business trip, I checked myself into Solutions For Life, a weight loss clinic. (
  • The beginning of June 2008, I hit my goal weight with a loss of 165 pounds. (
  • a. loss of lean body tissues b. lasting weight los. (
  • 3) present the role of intercostal perforator flap (ICAP) after massive weight loss for correction of severe gynecomastia. (
  • Between January 2008 and March 2016, we performed surgical correction of bilateral severe gynecomastia in 80 men (160 breasts) following massive weight loss. (
  • This is the first study that used the BODY-Q to analyze the correction of severe gynecomastia following massive weight loss with long-term results. (
  • The use of this patient-reported outcome measure underlined that the intercostal artery perforator flap, used in the correction of severe gynecomastia following massive weight loss, is a safe and effective technique with good outcomes and high patient satisfaction. (
  • Cogliandro A, Barone M, Cassotta G, Salzillo R, Persichetti P (2018) Mastopexy on reconstructed breast following massive weight loss: an innovative technique using Dermo-Capsular flaps. (
  • Kwei S, Borud LJ, Lee BT (2006) Mastopexy with autologous augmentation after massive weight loss: the intercostal artery perforator (ICAP) flap. (
  • Introduction Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GBP) is associated with changes in cardiometabolic risk factors and bioavailability of drugs, but whether these changes are induced by calorie restriction, the weight loss or surgery per se, remains uncertain. (
  • The COCKTAIL study was designed to disentangle the short-term (6 weeks) metabolic and pharmacokinetic effects of GBP and a very low energy diet (VLED) by inducing a similar weight loss in the two groups. (
  • To compare body dissatisfaction and unhealthy weight-loss practices among adolescents with and without chronic illness. (
  • Adolescents with chronic illness reported higher body dissatisfaction and engaged in more high-risk weight-loss practices than adolescents without chronic illness. (
  • Adolescents with chronic illness are at high risk for engaging in unhealthy weight-loss practices and should be screened and targeted for prevention and treatment. (
  • The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of a weight loss and weight loss maintenance intervention among low income women, conducted in a community health center setting. (
  • While there is some evidence of successful weight loss programs in the scientific literature, there are limited data on strategies to improve the weight loss outcomes of African Americans and other lower income populations and how to maintain weight loss over the long term with strategies that are feasible for health care agencies that service primarily lower income populations. (
  • We have designed a program to test intervention strategies to improve the weight loss outcomes of the WISEWOMAN population. (
  • Specifically, the purpose of the North Carolina WISEWOMAN Weight Control Pilot Study, 'Weight-Wise' Program, is to test the effectiveness of a weight loss and weight loss maintenance intervention among WISEWOMAN participants, conducted in a community health center in Wilmington, NC. (
  • Participants assigned to the SI group began the 4-month weight loss phase of the study in April 2005, while DI participants will wait until the end of this first program offering to begin the weight loss program. (
  • The intervention program, called 'Weight-Wise', consists of a four-month weight loss intervention phase, and a one-year maintenance phase. (
  • During the weight loss intervention, participants are offered 16 weekly group education sessions taught by a health counselor. (
  • The study goal for weight loss during this period is 10 or more pounds. (
  • Study participants who complete the weight loss program and lose 8 or more pounds will be eligible to continue in the maintenance phase of the intervention. (
  • During the 1-year maintenance phase (which will start at the end of the weight loss phase for both SI and DI), participants in the SI group will receive 1 individual face-to-face contact with the health counselor, 8 monthly phone contacts, and 3 group sessions. (
  • A total of 981 subjects were enrolled and randomised, with weight loss observed in all intermittent energy restriction arms regardless of study duration or follow up length. (
  • The number of long term studies conducted is very limited, and participant numbers typically small (less than 50 completers), indicating the need for larger, long term trials of 12 months or more, to be conducted in order to understand the impact of intermittent energy restriction on weight loss and long term weight management. (
  • Weight loss via dietary restriction is associated with an improvement in biomarkers [ 2 , 3 ]. (
  • Measuring the results of your weight loss program will help you get the ideal plan for you. (
  • Following are the steps to measure your weight loss results accurately. (
  • 1. Write down the details of your weight loss program. (
  • The important thing is that you're able to see your body contour so that you can compare fat loss and muscle definition from month to month. (
  • Weighing in" is an important part of a weight loss program. (
  • The success of a weight loss program isn't just about the numbers. (
  • If your weight loss program isn't meeting your goals, consider adding a new element or changing to a holistic weight loss program. (
  • If you still aren't seeing results, seek professional insight from a personal trainer, weight loss coach or dietitian. (
  • Make sure your weight loss program covers both exercise and nutrition. (
  • There are many programs and supplements which are available for the weight loss. (
  • If the answer is 'yes', you may or may not have considered creating your own weight loss plan. (
  • No matter how many fad diets hit the Internet, there is one proven method of weight loss that continues to resurface decade after decade. (
  • There is always some very important weight loss method, when. (
  • It helps me keep on track for weight loss! (
  • 05). Participants' weight loss at 16 months was predicted by improvements in their PA (beta total = -.34, P = .01), consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) (beta total = -.20, P = .03) and calorie intake (beta total = .15, P = .04). (
  • Improvements at 6 months in PA self-efficacy (beta total = -.10, P = .03), PA self-regulation (beta total = -.15, P = .01), nutrition social support (beta total = -.08, P = .03), and nutrition outcome expectations (beta total = .08, P = .03) also contributed to weight loss. (
  • The WB-GTH influenced behavior and weight loss in a manner largely consistent with SCT. (
  • Improving social support, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and self-regulation, in varying combinations, led to healthier diet and exercise habits and concomitant weight loss. (
  • Barone M, Cogliandro A, Morelli Coppola M, Cassotta G, Di Stefano N, Tambone V, Persichetti P (2018) Patient-reported outcome measures following gynecomastia correction: a systematic review. (
  • Our App is Universal, which means it works.Measure the circumference around the thickest part of your upper. (
  • I weigh daily, same time each am and same outfit (none) in order to accurately reflect my weight. (
  • To make tests more reproducible, rather than guess the sites using naked eye, it is better to get a tape measure out and accurately mark out sites, so that next time you get body fat measured, you know you're measuring in exactly the same place. (
  • Simply put, the BMI formula is a person s total body weight in kilograms divided by their height in meters squared. (
  • BMI is a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. (
  • It is most accurate to measure height in meters and weight in kilograms. (
  • More specifically, this ratio is calculated by taking your height in meters squared and dividing by your bodyweight in kilograms (m^2/kg). (
  • SWITCH BETWEEN IMPERIAL AND METRIC: Choose from kilograms or pounds to measure your weight in. (
  • BMI is a number calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by his or her height in meters squared. (
  • So, for healthy men who are 6 feet tall, the IBW range is 160 to 196 pounds, depending on body frame size. (
  • If you're 6 -foot-tall man who weighs 196 pounds, your BMI is 26.5, which places you in the overweight category on the BMI chart, even though 196 is considered an ideal weight for a large-framed man of this height. (
  • However, the BMI formula has been adapted for height measured in inches and weight measured in pounds. (
  • In this example, the woman has about 48.5 to 53.6 pounds of fat, which is 32 to 35 percent of her weight. (
  • For women , ideal weight is 100 pounds for the first five feet of body weight, with approximately 4-7 pounds for every inch over five feet. (
  • For men, normal weight is 105 pounds for the first five feet and 5-7 pounds for every inch over five feet, for a BMI between 22 and 25. (
  • To figure out your BMI, just use this math formula: Multiply your weight in pounds by 703 and divide it by your height (in inches) squared. (
  • Whether it is lifting heavier weights, running faster times, or dropping a few pounds, it is important to have goals to strive towards, with a target in sight. (
  • It's really detrimental to your mental and physical health doing any kind of extreme fad diet and abusing your body with exercise. (
  • Vegetarian Diet To Reduce Weight. (
  • You must know how your body is responding to your weight lifting, weighted stretching, diet, and cardio. (
  • I used to be on a crash diet few years ago and my body fat was only 16%… in which it is not healthy as I was suffering from amenorrhea… Although my body fat now is around 20-23%, but I feel much more healthier. (
  • You gotta take into account your body type aswell, since differences in it will change the effect of your diet/workout schedule. (
  • Subjects were counseled not to change their diet and were encouraged to maintain body weight. (
  • These findings strongly suggest that, absent changes in diet, a higher amount of activity is necessary for weight maintenance and that the positive caloric imbalance observed in the overweight controls is small and can be reversed by a modest amount of exercise. (
  • The Healthy Eating Index 2015 and Nutrient Rich Food Index NRF9.3 were two measures of diet quality. (
  • But body fat stored in the abdominal region can be reduced by diet and exercise. (
  • Uncover the path to a slim, shapely, and sexy you with The Bikini Body Diet. (
  • The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a walnut-enriched reduced-energy diet to a standard reduced-energy-density diet on weight, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and satiety. (
  • Change in weight was −9.4 (0.9)% vs. -8.9 (0.7)% (mean [SE]), for the standard vs. walnut-enriched diet groups, respectively. (
  • The best plan is to calculate a reasonable weight and plan a balanced diet that allows us to stay at that weight. (
  • During an interview with a research assistant, the participant answered a series of questions about her health history, diet, physical activity, and weight management behaviors, and psycho-social attributes. (
  • The same goes for promises that you'll lose weight fast without changing your diet or exercise habits. (
  • Losing weight is challenging, so don't waste your efforts by using the wrong diet plan. (
  • Some fatty acids, but not all, are essential in the diet: they cannot be synthesized in the body. (
  • A person trained to use skin calipers or handheld scanners that use bioelectrical impedance analysis, or BIA, can also measure your body fat. (
  • A person trained in skin-fold measuring, such as a doctor, dietitian, or health club staffer, measures your skin-fold thickness by using skin-fold calipers at the upper arm, upper back, lower back, stomach, and upper thigh. (
  • Then he or she converts the millimeters that the calipers measure and places those numbers in a formula to arrive at the percent body fat of your entire body. (
  • It provided a simple and easy to calculate number to quantify the "fatness" of a person, and allow doctors and other health professionals to discuss weight related issues with their patients in an objective manner. (
  • It can measure the body height, weight and Automatically calculate BMI. (
  • Height and weight must be measured to calculate BMI. (
  • Select your height and weight below to calculate your BMI. (
  • You must calculate BMI and then plot it on the BMI-for-age percentile graph to find the child's weight status. (
  • One of the most perilous pitfalls of BMI - another measure that Jackson said he did not calculate for Trump - is that it doesn't account for fat carried around a person's abdomen. (
  • The Al phase consisted of outcome measures gathered four times per week for two weeks to establish a baseline. (
  • The B phase, the intervention phase, consisted of PBWSTT three times per week for four weeks with outcome measures recorded at two of the three sessions each week. (
  • From the BODY-Q analysis, the group of patients undergoing adenomammectomy with inframammary fold scar using intercostal perforator flaps has achieved significantly better results regarding the satisfaction with chest, psychosocial function, satisfaction with outcome and better body image. (
  • all you need is your height and weight, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . (
  • According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the BMI formula has a fairly strong correlation to body fat percentages. (
  • Being told I had to lose weight and then getting dropped from an agency because my hips were too big meant I started to control everything that I ate and became obsessed with calories and measuring myself. (
  • Measure your hips at the widest part. (
  • However, it should be kept in mind that this method, among other methods, should be used as a tool, and only a physician can best determine and diagnose weight status in your child. (
  • There are several different methods to estimate body fat. (
  • they just don't go on height and weight (much like BMI) do they actually detect the level of fat? (
  • Strange as it may sound, your body frame size can be calculated by measuring your wrist with a tape measure and comparing it to your height, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine . (
  • The BMI formula is a statistical formula to measure a person s weight relative to their height. (
  • Automatically measure height, weight2. (
  • Coin-Operated Height Weight. (
  • Digital Height And Weight S. (
  • BMI is an assessment of your body weight to your height. (
  • While it's the quickest way of showing you the ratio between your weight and height, it has limitations. (
  • Or determine your BMI by finding your height and weight in this BMI Index Chart external icon . (
  • n = 35, age = 19 ± 1 year, height = 173 ± 5 cm, weight = 72.3 ± 10.9 kg) for eight weeks during IET. (
  • In 1976, data were collected on age, current height and weight, current and past smoking, parental history of myocardial infarction (MI), reproductive history, use of oral contraceptives or postmenopausal hormones, and personal history of MI or angina pectoris. (
  • The risk for CAD was increased among some women whose weight-for-height ratio was within the 1990 U.S. guidelines. (
  • BMI is a ratio of your height to weight. (
  • This method calculates your child's weight category based on age and BMI, which is a calculation of weight and height. (
  • The formula to measure BMI is body weight in kg divided by the square of the height in meters. (
  • All it measures is the ratio of height and weight, which is why some lean people with large amounts of muscle can have a BMI that would qualify as "overweight. (
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia: prediction with use of ratio of MR imaging-measured fetal lung volume to US-estimated fetal body weight. (
  • PURPOSE: To determine the ratio of fetal lung volume (FLV) to fetal body weight (FBW) by using ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to evaluate the usefulness of this ratio in predicting pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) in fetuses at high risk. (
  • In the control group of 73 fetuses, normal lung development was confirmed at neonatal follow-up and the normative ratio of MR imaging-measured FLV to US-estimated FBW (FLV/FBW) was determined. (
  • Long term follow up is required to determine the risk-benefit ratio of the glycaemic improvement, side effects, changes in body weight, and plasma insulin concentration. (
  • So while it may not be getting the right %, as I do lose body fat, it does measure that change is happening. (
  • As if this wasn't bad enough, based on her comments, Brook also seemed grateful to her beau for providing her with the 'inspiration' to lose weight. (
  • Woman measuring her thigh- lose weight and healthy body concept- on white background. (
  • So, weight increase because of muscles gained is fine as long as you lose your body fat. (
  • That's because you can also lose weight as you lose muscles and gain fat. (
  • Learning how to measure your body fat percentages at home is one of the most economical ways you can determine how much weight and fat to lose. (
  • Ive seen many people not lose the weight theyd like to lose in the first month of personal training. (
  • Let's face it, most of us wear an activity tracker not just to measure our exercise but as part of a plan to trim tummies and lose weight.See Best Activity Trackers . (
  • Write-ups in this category relates to diets, exercises, and lifestyles that can help you to lose weight. (
  • What made you decide to lose weight? (
  • What were the most important changes you made to lose weight? (
  • He concluded: "Hypertensive patients with glucose intolerance and a high BMI should lose weight and restore their BMI to normal range. (
  • Currently, continuous or daily energy restriction is the main form of restriction used by individuals wishing to lose weight via dietary means. (
  • Talk to your doctor about how many calories you should consume to lose weight. (
  • You'll likely need even more than that to lose weight. (
  • You can exercise all you want but if you aren't eating healthy, you will not be able to lose weight. (
  • Scientists still aren't sure why excess fat around our middle is connected to negative health outcomes, but they think it has to do with how fat inside the body, known as visceral fat, may interfere with the normal functioning of our internal organs. (
  • A number of previous studies tried to explain the racial/ethnic disparities in adolescent weight outcomes by examining racial/ethnic differences in household socioeconomic status (SES) and differences in economic and environmental contexts. (
  • Weight misperception could be a valuable indicator of suicidal behaviors, such as suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts, among Korean adolescents [ 11 ]. (
  • Digital Weight Indicator also commonly called Weight Indicator is a system of indication or recording of the selector type or one that advances intermittently in which all values are presented digitally, or in numbers. (
  • The National Conference on Weights and Measures have categorized Digital Weight Indicator as a Verified Conformity Assessment Program (VCAP). (
  • The electric current is sent to Digital Weight Indicator via a normal cable. (
  • The Digital Weight Indicator will amplify the electric current and translate it to digital weight. (
  • Usually Weight Indicator come with a basic printing feature. (
  • Usually there is a print button on the Digital Weight Indicator for user to press to print. (
  • I could have chosen any method, but I've decided to choose the caliper method because it is the most practical way for everyone to measure their body fat. (
  • I used a fabric measuring tape, I dont own a body fat caliper yet. (
  • A recent study published in the journal BioMed Central used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 1999 to 2004 to study the relationship between whole grain intake and body weight measures in children , adolescent, and adults. (
  • It offers a "safe space" for followers to talk about body issues, health and wellbeing as well as providing a range of workouts, meal ideas and meditation guides and a private support community. (
  • Thousands of middle-aged Canadians thought to have normal levels of body fat may be carrying extra weight in areas that significantly increase their risk of serious health problems and even death, according to a new study by University of Calgary researchers. (
  • The study used information collected by Statistics Canada in its Canadian Health Measures Survey from 2007 to 2011. (
  • While research which asks questions of the conventional wisdom regarding the relationship between BMI and heart health is interesting, it is perhaps not as telling as research which seeks to establish the relationship between this measure of body weight and overall risk of death. (
  • Also, there is growing recognition that it is not fat per se, but fat which aggregates around the middle of the body (so-called 'abdominal fat') that is most strongly linked with health issues such as heart disease. (
  • Weight is not necessarily a measure of health. (
  • A person can be at a healthy bodyweight and have very poor health due to bad nutrition choices and a lack of physical activity. (
  • Sharma et al in a recent article (2014) in the Journal of Midlife Health , report that large population-based studies now call into question the notion that increased weight is protective of bone health. (
  • A high amount of body fat can lead to weight-related diseases and other health issues. (
  • At an individual level, BMI can be used as a screening tool but is not diagnostic of the body fatness or health of an individual. (
  • With multivariate logistic regression, we assessed the association of body image distortion with individual demographic and socio-economic factors, weight control behaviors, and mental health characteristics. (
  • Misclassification of one's weight status, including underweight as well as overweight status, especially among normal weight adolescents, has been a critical nutrition concern due to the associated negative physical health consequences such as unhealthy weight control behaviors and poor nutritional status [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • This poor mental health status due to body weight perception lowers self-esteem, school achievement and the quality of life among adolescents [ 13 - 15 ]. (
  • The fashion industry is joined by gymnasts, runners and other athletes and dancers in seeking weights too low for good health. (
  • The health technicians used their discretion to obtain as many measures as practical for persons who used a wheelchair. (
  • Is Body Fat the Best Measure of Health? (
  • Despite negative implications when too much fat is carried on your body, some fat is required by the body for proper functioning, metabolic purposes and general health. (
  • Vilà J, Balibrea JM, Oller B, Alastrué A (2014) Post-bariatric surgery body contouring treatment in the public health system: cost study and perception by patients. (
  • To expand our understanding of how Web-based interventions influence behavior, we examined how changes at 6 months in participants' psychosocial characteristics contributed to improvements at 16 months in nutrition, physical activity (PA), and weight management as a result of the online, social cognitive theory (SCT)-based Guide to Health intervention (WB-GTH). (
  • Underwater weighing is the most accurate method for determining your percent body fat, but it's the least practical because it's done with sophisticated equipment at university research facilities. (
  • At the upper end, hydrostatic weighing, various body pods and DEXA scanning are extremely accurate in determining your body fat, but these devices are usually only found in spas, high level training facilities or a lab. (
  • Weighing more than once/day is NOT a good idea, because your weight will fluctuate due to fluid retention, undigested food, etc. (
  • Then I'd exercise obsessively, running on the treadmill, trying to burn more calories than I ate, and measuring myself constantly, all different parts of my body from my calves and my thighs to my arms. (
  • That led to body dysmorphia and eating disorders because I was not nourishing my body, I was abusing it with lack of food and nutrition and abuse of exercise. (
  • There are a large number of people out there who simply lift weights or exercise and hope they get results. (
  • Asian woman are using the measuring tape to measure around the hip and standing after exercise. (
  • In nondieting, overweight subjects, the controls gained weight, both low-amount exercise groups lost weight and fat, and the high-amount group lost more of each in a dose-response manner. (
  • Be kind to yourself, eat nourishing foods and be so grateful for what your body can do that you exercise it every day - knowing that how you treat your body has a direct correlation with how many years you get to spend in this life. (
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the dose-response of exercise on prevention of weight gain in overweight adults. (
  • Although using a tape measure is probably the most accurate way to determine body frame size, you can also use your thumb and index finger. (
  • Female nutritionist and holding an apple and a measure tape. (
  • Close-up view of fit sportswoman measuring sizes her body with tape after workout. (
  • Close up of female body with measuring tape showing thumbs up. (
  • Elderly woman expressing success after measuring herself with tape at fitness club. (
  • Beautiful female body with white measuring tape. (
  • Grab a standard measuring tape to measure the changes. (
  • Foshan Guos Wintape Measuring Tape Co., Ltd. (
  • Get a cloth or pliable plastic measuring tape. (
  • When you measure yourself, be sure to wrap the measuring tape around tightly enough that it lays flat against your skin, without pressing into your skin. (
  • In normal weight male adolescents, both self-perceived underweight and overweight males had significantly increased levels of depressive symptoms compared to subjects with accurate self-perceptions of their body weight in the United States [ 12 ]. (
  • 1988) have been used to find body fat percentages for children 8-18 years. (
  • For a woman desiring to become pregnant, it is important to understand the correlation between fat percentages on the body, ovulation, a healthy pregnancy and other reproductive concerns. (
  • For children and adolescents, an inverse relationship between whole grain intake and body weight measures were reported less consistently. (
  • bodyweight fluctuates by day and even by the hour depending on hydration levels, sodium intake, hormone levels, etc), I would have to work very hard to not let it ruin my previously positive outlook. (
  • Family dietary coaching improves nutritional intake in free-living children and parents, with beneficial effects on weight control in parents. (
  • A proposed mechanism for the favorable effect of nuts on weight control is that they promote increased satiety, resulting in a compensatory reduction in total energy intake [ 4 , 5 ]. (
  • Partial body weight support treadmill training (PBWSTT) has been documented to improve balance, gait speed, and gait symmetry in patients who have experienced a stroke, spinal cord injury, or traumatic brain injury. (
  • A 97-year-old female with a history of balance deficits and falls was found to benefit from a four-week training program of partial body weight support treadmill training as demonstrated by improvements in balance and gait characteristics. (
  • By burning more calories from stored fat, you have less body fat. (
  • Your body holds on to extra calories and turns them into fat. (
  • Some of the structural material can also be used to generate energy internally, and in either case it is measured in Joules or kilocalories (often called "Calories" and written with a capital 'C' to distinguish them from little 'c' calories). (
  • The body weight of control group had almost constant trend during experiment, but diabetic dogs had considerable weigh losses especially after second IVGGT and following diabetes induction. (
  • Weigh Your Baby: Weigh yourself first, then hold your baby to weigh when your weight data get steady. (
  • I don't weigh at night because I know that our weight changes from hour to hour and sometimes after I eat a heavy or salty meal it goes up too. (
  • Each session lasts about 120 minutes and includes the following elements: participant weigh-in, group sharing and problem-solving, discussion of a weight control topic (nutrition, physical activity, or behavior change), moderate physical activity and/or taste-testing. (
  • NOTE: BMI should not be used to assess a child's weight because the appropriate weight for a child varies greatly by age. (
  • You may have heard your healthcare provider use some different numbers or terms when talking about your child's weight. (
  • When using weight-for-age percentiles, the doctor is not specifically measuring overweight in a child, but simply is comparing a child's weight to others of the same age. (
  • You are then able to find your child's weight status by viewing the Weight Status Category table located to the right of the chart. (
  • You may have heard your pediatrician refer to your child's weight in terms of a percentile. (
  • Weight-for-age percentiles are used to measure your child's weight based strictly on age. (
  • To plot your child's weight-for-age percentile, find the age of your child on the bottom of the chart and look to the left to locate their body weight. (
  • Once you have found your child's weight-for-age percentile, you can then determine what percentile (or percentile range) they fall into, as compared to children of the same age. (
  • Increased consumption of whole grain is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes , coronary heart disease, hypertension and lower likelihood of weight gain and also lowers mortality rate. (
  • Shelby continued the conversation by asking if he still found her attractive, to which her boyfriend said yes, but only if she didn't gain any more weight. (
  • The amount of activity needed to prevent weight gain is unknown. (
  • Generalized estimating equations were used to determine whether zBMI at birth and zBMI gain between 0-3, 3-18, and 18-36 months were each associated with repeated measures of BP at 36-72 months of age. (
  • Choosing a lifestyle that includes good eating habits and daily physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight and prevent weight gain. (
  • The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Healthy Weight Gain external icon webpage provides some information and advice on how to gain weight and remain healthy. (
  • To prevent excess weight gain, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that children switch to low-fat or non-fat milk after the age of 2 years ( 7 ). (
  • Weight gain from 18 years of age to 1976 was strongly associated with increased risk for CAD during the next 14 years of follow-up when adjusted for the BMI at 18 years of age and other coronary risk factors. (
  • The purpose of this study is to determine how to help manage weight gain during pregnancy. (
  • You may actually gain weight as you get in shape! (
  • Compared to their black counterparts, higher proportions of white and Hispanic adolescent females misperceived themselves to be heavier than their clinical weight status. (
  • Withings' Smart Body Analyzer is currently available from the Withings website for $149.95. (
  • One of the best ways to measure it is by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), particularly of the spine, hip, and wrist. (
  • There are a multitude of ways to measure fat on your individual physical frame. (
  • How does bone marrow, though, relate to body weight and even to osteoporosis? (
  • We'll tell you what changes to make when your results slow… the body adapts to everything and that's why results slow down. (
  • The measuring results can be displayed, printed and spoken. (
  • The results indicated differential patterns of Inhibition of Return between the High and Low shape/weight based self-worth groups. (
  • Results indicate that those at risk of an eating disorder avoid maintaining their attention on body shape and weight information. (
  • To get the best results, measure to the nearest 14 inch (0.5cm). (
  • Finding a professional that is proficient at skinfolds and can analyze the results for you will be the best way to understand and maintain a healthy weight or help you get on a path to reach a healthy body weight. (
  • While there are several formulas you can use, according to a May 2016 article in ​ The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition ​, the HAMWI method is a simple calculation you can use to estimate your weight and adjust based on your body frame size. (
  • If you're looking for a relatively easy estimate, try the Department of Defense's method for estimating body fat. (
  • A trained technician takes readings from a machine that delivers a harmless amount of electrical current through your body to estimate total body water, which reflects the amount of muscle or lean tissue you have. (
  • You cannot measure children's weight using solely BMI. (
  • How to measure children's body weight in overweight surveillance? (
  • and to use the 2010 data to examine differences between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children's weight and weight-related behaviour. (
  • This study involved secondary analysis of the New South Wales Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey (SPANS), a representative cross-sectional population surveillance survey of children's weight and weight-related behaviour conducted in 1997 ( n = 5518), 2004 ( n = 5407) and 2010 ( n = 8058). (
  • In the end, The report introduced Weight Body Fat Measuring Device new project SWOT analysis Investment feasibility analysis investment return analysis and also give related research conclusions and development trend analysis on Global and China Weight Body Fat Measuring Device industry. (
  • A multicomponent intervention reduces body weight and cardiovascular risk at a GEICO corporate site. (
  • To determine whether a multicomponent nutrition intervention program at a corporate site reduces body weight and improves other cardiovascular risk factors in overweight individuals. (
  • The identification of predictors for body image distortion would be an especially important first step in targeting a vulnerable population and developing a nutrition intervention program. (
  • This intervention will cover many topics to help you learn about weight management during pregnancy. (
  • Certain life style habits, including unhealthy dietary habits, cigarette smoking and inactivity are risk factors for cardiovascular disease that in part may be mediated or modulated through effects on blood pressure and body weight. (
  • Through control of weight, cardiovascular disease risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2 diabetes can be reduced along with their associated mortality. (
  • Cardiovascular disease risk markers including total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glucose, insulin and C-reactive protein, have been shown to decrease once participants have lost 5% of their body weight [ 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 ]. (
  • Measuring your wrist can give you a rough idea of what a healthy weight range is for your body. (
  • So, What's a Healthy Weight? (
  • If your BMI is 18.5 to 24.9 , it falls within the normal or Healthy Weight range. (
  • Even if you're at a healthy weight, you might carry too much body fat. (
  • What Is a Healthy Weight? (
  • But you still might wonder what a healthy weight is, and how to get there (and stay there) the right way. (
  • It's pretty easy to figure out the estimated healthy weight. (
  • Multivariate analyses of variance were calculated for clinical and nutrient measures, followed by univariate analyses of variance, to determine the significance of differences between groups in changes over time. (
  • Unhealthy weight control behaviors could be early warning signs of clinical eating disorders [ 5 ]. (
  • The overall aim of this project is to investigate the clinical utility of the Andago System, a CE certified mobile bodyweight supporting walking robot, in children with neuromotor disorders. (
  • The reason for this increased risk for chronic diseases may be a correlation between increased body fat, location-specific body fat, inflammation related to body fat, and elevated levels of metabolic risk factors such as high blood sugar and hypertension," said Kelsey Collins, PhD candidate in the Biomedical Engineering (BME) Graduate Program and lead author. (
  • Attentional biases for body shape and weight information have been found in people with eating disorders, indicating disorder-specific changes in the way this information is processed. (
  • The current findings indicate that young women without an eating disorder who base their self-worth on shape/weight display a pattern of avoidance of shape/weight stimuli that is in direct contrast to those at low risk of developing eating disorders. (
  • Vitousek and Hollon's cognitive model [ 4 ] proposes that those with eating disorders develop extensive and inaccurate schemas regarding their body shape and weight. (
  • Supporting this conceptualisation, a large body of research has indicated that those with eating disorders exhibit attentional biases regarding disorder-salient information. (
  • Despite weight issues, I've always been a fairly confident person, but this changed how I saw myself for a long time. (
  • Measuring your food every time that you eat will be a huge key to your losing weight and keeping it off. (
  • The participant's age at the time of the screening interview determined the body measures examination protocol. (
  • To investigate the practicability, the investigators plan to determine the accuracy of the weight-supporting system of the Andago and the time needed for donning and doffing. (
  • Analyses of weight-related behaviour from 2010 survey data included indicators of dietary habits, screen time (ST) and physical activity. (
  • I think maybe once I start getting closer to be ideal weight (still a long time from now) then I will start measuring. (
  • The advantage of the 3-site method is that as it is only 3 sites, there will be less variability each time you measure body fat, so in theory it is the most reproducible method, as well as being quicker to complete than the 7-site method. (