The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The consumption of edible substances.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Services providing counseling and activities that help overweight individuals to attain a more healthy body weight.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
Glucose in blood.
The consumption of liquids.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Expected weight of a healthy normal individual based on age, sex, and height. Thus, a malnourished person would weigh less than their ideal body weight.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
Agents that are used to suppress appetite.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
The highest dosage administered that does not produce toxic effects.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Mutant mice exhibiting a marked obesity coupled with overeating, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, marked insulin resistance, and infertility when in a homozygous state. They may be inbred or hybrid.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
General ill health, malnutrition, and weight loss, usually associated with chronic disease.
Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
Experiments designed to determine the potential toxic effects of a long-term exposure to a chemical or chemicals.
A 30-kDa protein synthesized primarily in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND and the HYPOTHALAMUS. It is also found in the skin and other peripheral tissues. Depending on species and tissues, POMC is cleaved by PROHORMONE CONVERTASES yielding various active peptides including ACTH; BETA-LIPOTROPIN; ENDORPHINS; MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES; and others (GAMMA-LPH; CORTICOTROPIN-LIKE INTERMEDIATE LOBE PEPTIDE; N-terminal peptide of POMC or NPP).
Abstaining from all food.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Experiments designed to determine the potential toxic effects of one-time, short-term exposure to a chemical or chemicals.
A secreted protein of approximately 131 amino acids that is related to AGOUTI SIGNALING PROTEIN and is also an antagonist of MELANOCORTIN RECEPTOR activity. It is expressed primarily in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the ADRENAL GLAND. As a paracrine signaling molecule, AGRP is known to regulate food intake and body weight. Elevated AGRP has been associated with OBESITY.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The physical measurements of a body.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A 36-amino acid peptide present in many organs and in many sympathetic noradrenergic neurons. It has vasoconstrictor and natriuretic activity and regulates local blood flow, glandular secretion, and smooth muscle activity. The peptide also stimulates feeding and drinking behavior and influences secretion of pituitary hormones.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
Measuring and weighing systems and processes.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.
A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.
Forceful administration under the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the skin.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
A well-characterized basic peptide believed to be secreted by the liver and to circulate in the blood. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like, and mitogenic activities. This growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on GROWTH HORMONE. It is believed to be mainly active in adults in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR II, which is a major fetal growth factor.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The selection of one food over another.
Hormones synthesized from amino acids. They are distinguished from INTERCELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS in that their actions are systemic.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
A melanocortin receptor subtype found primarily in BRAIN. It shows specificity for ALPHA-MSH; BETA-MSH and ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
An adrenocortical steroid that has modest but significant activities as a mineralocorticoid and a glucocorticoid. (From Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1437)
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Two populations of Zucker rats have been cited in research--the "fatty" or obese and the lean. The "fatty" rat (Rattus norvegicus) appeared as a spontaneous mutant. The obese condition appears to be due to a single recessive gene.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.

Strongyle infections in ponies. II. Reinfection of treated animals. (1/26303)

Five of seven ponies whose strongyle worm burdens had previously been removed or markedly reduced by repeated thiabendazole treatments were reinfected with doses ranging from 100,000 to 500,000 small strongyle infective larvae. Reinfection of ponies resulted in the development of clinical signs characterized by abnormal feces, marked loss of weight and delayed shedding of winter hair coats. An abrupt increase in circulating eosinophils occurred during the first three weeks following reinfection. Patent infections developed in all ponies with worm eggs appearing in the feces from 12 to 15 weeks after receiving infective larvae. Worm egg outputs followed a cyclic pattern with approximately four to five peaks in egg output per year. There was an abrupt drop in the high worm egg counts in two untreated ponies approximately two and a half years after reinfection. No worms were recovered in the feces of these animals when they were subsequently treated, suggesting that a depletion in the number of inhibited larvae present in these ponies might have occurred.  (+info)

Decreased liver and lung drug-metabolizing activity in mice treated with Corynebacterium parvum. (2/26303)

Injections of killed suspensions of Corynebacterium parvum (i.p.) in young male mice were followed by time- and dose-dependent decreases in the drug-metabolizing activity of liver microsomes and lung homogenates. In vitro assays with model substrates [aminopyrine, aniline, p-nitroanisole, and benzo(a)pyrene] were used to quantitate drug-metabolizing activity. It is likely that such decreases in mixed function oxidases activity will act to significantly alter the pharmacokinetics of concurrently or subsequently administered drugs. The results provide a possible mechanism to explain several previously reported immunochemotherapeutic interactions.  (+info)

Pregnancy, body weight and human immunodeficiency virus infection in African women: a prospective cohort study in Kigali (Rwanda), 1992-1994. Pregnancy and HIV Study Group (EGE). (3/26303)

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and body weight in African women during and after pregnancy. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was initiated at the Centre Hospitalier de Kigali in July 1992. Every woman seen at the antenatal clinic and with a gestational age of <28 weeks was offered HIV-1 antibody testing. Comparable numbers of HIV-infected (HIV+) and uninfected (HIV-) women were recruited. At inclusion, socio-demographic characteristics and self-reported pre-pregnancy weight were recorded; height and weight were measured. Each woman enrolled had a monthly follow-up until 9 months after delivery, with a clinical examination including weighing. Three anthropometric indices were used to answer the study objectives: weight, body mass index (BMI), and pregnancy balance. RESULTS: As of April 1994, 101 HIV+ and 106 HIV- women were followed until 5 months after delivery. Weight and BMI during pregnancy were lower in HIV+ women than in HIV- women. After delivery, weight and BMI gains were significantly lower in HIV+ women. Until 5 months after delivery, the mean weight variation was -2.2 kg (standard deviation [SD] = 5.9 kg) in HIV+ women and +0.2 kg (SD = 6.6 kg) in HIV- women (P = 0.007) in comparison to pre-pregnancy weight. Comparisons of the slopes of the weight curves did not show statistical differences throughout the pregnancy, but it did during the post-partum period (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that HIV infection could impair nutritional status in pregnant women, especially during the post-partum period. Family planning and maternal and child health services including HIV testing and counselling, should consider a nutritional assessment and intervention programme targeted to HIV+ pregnant women.  (+info)

Gender-related differences in myocyte remodeling in progression to heart failure. (4/26303)

Gender-related differences responsible for the better prognosis of females with heart failure have not been clearly established. To address this issue, we investigated potential gender-related differences in myocyte remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive heart failure rats. Echocardiograms and myocyte growth were compared between males and females at compensated (2, 4, and 6 months) and decompensated (18 months in males and 24 months in females) stages of cardiac hypertrophy. Although left ventricular diastolic dimensions did not differ significantly between failing male and female rats, fractional shortening declined significantly only in failing males. Myocyte cross-sectional area did not change after 4 months of age in both genders, which is likely to be responsible for the absence of a change in left ventricular wall thickness during the progression to heart failure. Myocyte volume and cross-sectional area were significantly larger in males than females at 2, 4, and 6 months of age, although there were no significant differences at the failing stage. Reduced adaptive hypertrophic reserve was observed in males, which is likely to contribute to the higher morbidity and mortality of males with chronic heart failure.  (+info)

A sustained rat model for studying the long-lasting catabolic state of sepsis. (5/26303)

Most animal models of sepsis induced high mortality or early recovery and do not mimic the long-lasting catabolic state observed in patients. The purpose of this study is to develop a model of sepsis which reproduces these disorders, especially the long-lasting muscle wasting. This report summarizes our observations in a series of seven experiments using this model with rats to study the route of live Escherichia coli administration, dose of bacteria, reproducibility of the model, bacterial count in tissues, comparison of injection of live or dead bacteria, metabolic perturbations linked to infection, and potential role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in muscle wasting. After intravenous infection, animals were anorexic and the catabolic state was long-lasting: body weight loss for 2 to 3 days followed by a chronic wasting state for several days. Liver, spleen, lung protein content, and plasma concentration of alpha2-macroglobulin were increased 2 and 6 days after infection. At 6 days, muscle protein content was substantially (-40%) reduced. The plasma TNF-alpha level measured 1.5 h after infection correlated with body weight loss observed 9 days later. The inhibition of TNF-alpha secretion by administration of pentoxifylline 1 h before infection reduced muscle wasting and activation of proteolysis at day 2 and abolished them at day 6. This septic model mimics in rats the prolonged protein metabolism alterations and muscle atrophy characteristics of infected patients and thus is useful for studying the impact of nutritional support on outcome.  (+info)

Fish oil feeding delays influenza virus clearance and impairs production of interferon-gamma and virus-specific immunoglobulin A in the lungs of mice. (6/26303)

Ingestion of fish oil can suppress the inflammatory response to injury and may impair host resistance to infection. To investigate the effect of a diet containing fish oil on immunity to viral infection, 148 BALB/c mice were fed diets containing 3 g/100 g of sunflower oil with either 17 g/100 g of fish oil or beef tallow for 14 d before intranasal challenge with live influenza virus. At d 1 and d 5 after infection, the mice fed fish oil had higher lung viral load and lower body weight (P < 0.05). In addition to the greater viral load and weight loss at d 5 after infection, the fish oil group consumed less food (P < 0.05) while the beef tallow group was clearing the virus, had regained their preinfection weights and was returning to their preinfection food consumption. The fish oil group had impaired production of lung interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G and lung IgA-specific antibodies (all P < 0. 05) although lung IFN-alpha/beta and the relative proportions of bronchial lymph node CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes did not differ between groups after infection. The present study demonstrates a delay in virus clearance in mice fed fish oil associated with reduced IFN-gamma and antibody production and a greater weight loss and suppression of appetite following influenza virus infection. However, differences observed during the course of infection did not affect the ultimate outcome as both groups cleared the virus and returned to preinfection food consumption and body weight by d 7.  (+info)

Sodium requirement of adult cats for maintenance based on plasma aldosterone concentration. (7/26303)

The sodium requirement of adult cats for maintenance was determined using a randomized block design of eight dietary sodium treatments (0.1, 0.4, 0.5, 0.66, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6 or 2.0 g Na/kg in a casein-lactalbumin-based purified diet) administered for periods of 4 wk. A total of 35 adult specific-pathogen-free domestic shorthaired cats (26 males and 9 females, 1.5-3 y of age) was given an equilibration diet (2 g Na/kg) for 14 d before assignment (or reassignment) to the treatments. A total of 12 cats (8 males, 4 females) was randomly assigned to the lowest six levels of sodium, and four cats to the highest two sodium levels. Cats consuming the diet containing 0.1 g Na/kg had significantly elevated aldosterone concentration in plasma, and packed cell volume. In addition, these cats exhibited anorexia, body weight loss, reduced urinary specific gravity and sodium excretion, and had a negative sodium balance. However, adult cats did not develop polydypsia and polyuria reported in sodium-deficient kittens. Cats given the diet containing 0.66 g Na/kg did not have an increased packed cell volume, but aldosterone concentration in the plasma was significantly elevated. However, cats given diets containing >/=0.8 g Na/kg had plasma aldosterone concentrations +info)

Natural sporting ability and predisposition to cardiovascular disorders. (8/26303)

We tested the hypothesis that people with a natural ability in 'power sports' (a presumed marker for predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres) might have increased risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) compared to those with a natural ability in 'endurance sports' (as a marker for predominance of type 1, oxidative muscle fibres). We examined subsequent cardiovascular disorders retrospectively in 231 male former soldiers, aged 34-87 years, who had undergone a course in physical training in the Army School of Physical Training, Aldershot, UK, who assessed themselves as having natural ability in either power (n = 107) or endurance (n = 124) sports. The proportion with CHD, defined as angina and/or coronary angioplasty and/or coronary artery bypass graft and/or heart attack was 18.7% in the 'power group' vs. 9.7% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 3.9, p = 0.05). The proportions with CHD and/or risk factors rose to 39.3% in the 'power group' vs. 25.8% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 4.8, p = 0.03). Under logistic regression analysis, compared to the 'endurance group', the 'power group' had 2.2 (95% CI: 1.00-4.63) the risk of developing CHD, and 1.86 (95% confidence interval: 1.06 to 3.25) the risk of developing CHD and/or risk factors. Men with a natural ability in 'power sports' are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disorders, compared to men with a natural ability in 'endurance sports'. A predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres, presumably of genetic origin, may predispose to cardiovascular disorders.  (+info)

Web site Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime web directory is the best way to find information about Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime information. This web page takes the legwork out of finding great Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime information resources. We have compiled great links to Beautiful body ideal weight information and Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime pages dedicated to fitness lifetime information here. On this directory page you will find links to various keyword information and Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime related pages. There you will find great information about fitness lifetime information. How to Stay Young Indefinitely.. - Forget your age. Your number of birthdays isnt important. How you look, feel and most of all your enthusiasm for living determine your age.. - Be adventuresome! Always stay interested in life. Find new things to do daily. Do the things you enjoy and plan something SPECIAL to look forward to each ...
Effects of Daidzein on Body Weight Gain, Serum IGF-I Level and Cellular Immune Function in Intact Male Piglets Daidzein;IGF-I;T-Lymphocytes;Male Piglets; 10 male piglets at 5-6 weeks old with similar body weight (BW) were randomly assigned into the experimental (EXP) and control (CON) groups. The animals in EXP received intro-muscular injection with daidzein (DA) at the dose of 0.5 mg DA per kg start BW on day 1. The same procedures were repeated once every 3 days for eight times. The animals in CON received the injection only with same volume of control peanut oil. The animals were weighted on day 14 and 28 and the blood samples were obtained at different stages of the treatment for determining IGF-I levels and blood parameters. At the end of the experiment, the thymus and spleen from all the animals were surgically taken out and weighted. The results showed that BW and average daily gain (ADG) were not significantly different between the groups in term of the whole period, but ADG between days 14-28
More than half of all Canadians have excess weight, putting them at increased risk for several types of cancer.. Excess weight is a result of consuming too many calories and burning too few calories. If we reduce the calories we eat and drink and use up more calories by being active and sitting less, we can make a start to having a healthy body weight.. But its more than how much we eat and drink and exercise. The genes were born with influence our body weight. Where we live and go to work or school can have an impact. And some healthy choices may be hard to find or cost a lot.. For many of us, achieving and maintaining a healthy body weight isnt easy, but its too important not to try. Check with your doctor about what a healthy body weight is for you and take steps to work toward that weight. Its worth it!. Read more about why its important to have a healthy body weight and what you can do to maintain one.. ...
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of maternal factors on body weight at hatching (day-old) and at six weeks of age in a commercial broiler line. A total of 6,765 records on body weight at day-old (BWTDO) and 115,421 records on body weight at six weeks of age (BWT6W), originated from a commercial broiler line during 14 generations, were used to estimate genetic parameters related to the effects of maternal traits on body weight of chicks immediately after hatch or six weeks thereafter. The data were analyzed using restricted maximum likelihood procedure (REML) and an animal model with DFREML software. Direct heritability (|TEX|$h^{2}{_a}$|/TEX|), maternal heritability (|TEX|$h^{2}{_m}$|/TEX|), and maternal environmental variance as the proportions of phenotypic variance (|TEX|$c^{2}$|/TEX|) for body weight at day-old were estimated to be 0.050, 0.351, and 0.173, respectively. The respective estimated values for body weight at six weeks of age were 0.340, 0.022, and 0.030. The
Ideal weight is how much your body needs to weigh for optimal function. Sometimes, theres a big gap between desired and ideal weight, since desired weight can often be unhealthy weight. Scroll down and you can check your body mass index below.. Excessive weight loss is not always the best option for a healthy body. While on one side obesity brings higher risk of hypertension, diabetes, heart problems etc., on the other hand excessive weight loss is no less dangerous. The golden middle rule is always the best option.. This chart has been specially designed by doctors and specialists. Plus, its really thorough as it includes several parameters, such as your body shape, age and height, to give you the ideal body weight. The best thing about this chart is that it does not promote unhealthy body proportions, but tells you how much you should weigh according to your specific proportions and age. ...
As body weights and body mass indices have increased over time, we questioned the validity of correlating heart weight with body weight and whether tables from previous decades remain relevant. We investigated this by collecting details of heart weight, body weight, height, gender and age from 384 autopsy cases with no obvious heart or lung disease. Heart weights, body weights and heights showed a normal distribution for both genders. Heart weight correlated slightly better with body surface area than body weight and we present new reference charts derived from these data. The correlation between heart weight and body weight has changed little, despite increases in body weight and body mass index. As life expectancy is increasing, we investigated the effect of age on heart weight and demonstrated a small increase in heart weight relative to body surface area for both genders, in contrast to a previous study.
Healthy Body Weight Checker Calculate your healthy body weight range for your height and gender and get instant advice regarding your weight loss goals. Healthy body weight is calculated using the Ham
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of reduced body weight on muscle aerobic capacity in patients with COPD. AU - Palange, Paolo. AU - Forte, Silvia. AU - Onorati, Paolo. AU - Paravati, Vincenzo. AU - Manfredi, Felice. AU - Serra, Pietro. AU - Carlone, Stefano. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. N2 - Background: Reduced muscle aerobic capacity in COPD patients has been demonstrated in several laboratories by phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy and by analysis of oxygen uptake (V̇O2) kinetics. COPD patients are usually elderly, hypoxemic, poorly active with muscle atrophy, and often malnourished. Under these conditions there is usually reduction of O2 delivery to the tissues (bulk O2 flow), redistribution of fiber type within the muscle, capillary rarefaction, and decreased mitochondrial function, alterations all capable of reducing muscle aerobic capacity. In COPD, the effect of reduced body mass on muscle aerobic capacity has not been investigated (to our knowledge). Methods: We studied 24 patients with stable ...
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Although the terms overweight and obese are often used interchangeably and considered as gradations of the same thing, they denote different things. The major physical factors contributing to body weight are water weight, muscle tissue mass, bone tissue mass, and fat tissue mass. Overweight refers to having more weight than normal for a particular height and may be the result of water weight, muscle weight, or fat mass. Obese refers specifically to having excess body fat. In most cases people who are overweight also have excessive body fat and therefore body weight is an indicator of obesity in much of the population.. The ideal healthy body weight for a particular person is dependent on many things, such as frame size, sex, muscle mass, bone density, age, and height. The perception of the ideal body weight is additionally dependent on cultural factors and the mainstream societal advertisement of beauty.. To standardize the ideal body weight and relate it to health, scientists have devised ...
Stroke and bleeding outcomes with apixaban versus warfarin in patients with high creatinine, low body weight or high age receiving standard dose apixaban for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation
ABSTRACT. Various studies suggest a strong association between nutrition and clinical outcome in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Several morbidity factors that per se increase the risk of a poor outcome, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and inflammation, may also cause malnutrition. Among laboratory parameters used to assess nutritional status, serum albumin appears to be a particularly strong predictor of morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the importance of nutritional status and inflammation and other comorbidity factors as predictors of mortality in HD patients. Nutritional status was evaluated in 128 HD patients by subjective global nutritional assessment (SGNA) and by measuring several anthropometric markers (actual body weight, percentage of actual body weight to desirable body weight, midarm muscle circumferences, triceps skinfold thickness), and serum albumin, plasma insulin such as insulin growth factor-1 and as a marker of inflammation, serum C-reactive protein (s-CRP) ...
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Background: Investigating the validity of the self-reported values of weight allows for the proper assessment of studies using questionnaire-derived data. The study examined the accuracy of gender-specific self-reported weight in a sample of adults. The effects of age, education, race and ethnicity, income, general health and medical status on the degree of discrepancy (the difference between self-reported weight and measured weight) are similarly considered. Methods: The analysis used data from the US Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Self-reported and measured weights were abstracted and analyzed according to sex, age, measured weight, self-reported weight, and body mass index (BMI). A proportional odds model was applied. Results: The weight discrepancy was positively associated with age, and negatively associated with measured weight and BMI. Ordered logistic regression modeling showed age, race-ethnicity, education, and BMI to be associated with the degree of ...
Manage your body weight as part of a controlled exercise programme - Use the ideal weight calculator to work out your ideal weight to support a healthy lifestyle and good mental health.
TBW constitutes approximately 50% of lean body weight in healthy females and 60% of lean body weight in males. For clinical purposes, most clinicians generalize that TBW accounts for 60% of lean body weight in adults, regardless of gender. The percentage of TBW decreases as body fat increases and/or with age (75%-85% of body weight is water for newborns). Unless the patient is obese (body weight > 120% of ideal body weight [IBW]), clinicians typically use a patients actual body weight when calculating TBW.2 In obese patients, it is customary to estimate TBW using lean body weight or IBW as calculated by the Devine-Devine method: males lean body weight = 50 kg + (2.3 kg/in ...
How to Gain Weight when You Have Cancer. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential when undergoing treatment for cancer. Whether you start treatment with a low body weight or develop a low body weight as a result of your treatment,...
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Most people are confused about the best way to calculate their current weight and just step on a scale to see how much they weigh. However, there are multiple factors that contribute to a persons weight gain and loss.. Everyones body is different as is every individuals ideal weight. Factors such as environment, genetics, habits, gender, age metabolism, and several other dynamics influence a persons weight. Just as importantly, one must consider ones body type, height, bone density, and fat to muscle ratio. Knowing this information is vital to help implement the right diet and exercise routine.. Following a general work-out and diet plan to become as ripped as a professional athlete or as curvaceous as a fashion model is not the best method to become fit, nor is using body mass index (BMI) or waist-hip ratio (WHR) alone the best means for calculating ones weight.. While BMI alone is no longer the best way to measure a persons body-fat ratio, combined with the WHR method one just might ...
OK, so you have been gaining a little weight over the past few years. Last checkup, you were significantly farther north of your ideal weight than you thought. You are now significantly beyond that healthy BMI you keep hearing about and it just seems like too much work to try to get it off. A few pounds would have been easy enough to lose, but a few pounds arent going to help you now-or is it?. When we think about weight loss, we often use our ideal body weight as a standard for where our weight needs to be. Being overweight is often accompanied by high blood pressure, elevations in blood fats like triglycerides and cholesterol, high blood glucose, and even sleep apnea problems. In my line of work I often hear, But 30-50 lbs is just too much to lose right now. And if I dont lose that much it wont do me any good, will it?. That mentality of thinking is incorrect. Losing 5-10% of your current weight can do amazing things and if you keep that weight off, the positive effects remain in place. ...
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The effects on the body composition of Corriedale wethers of weight loss, compensatory gain and constant body weight are described. Three groups of sheep were grown from 35-63 kg by different paths. The first grew continuously (fed ad libitum). The second and third groups lost 20% and 28% of body weight (restricted intake), respectively, from 48 kg and were then fed ad libitum until they reached 63 kg. Pairs of animals were slaughtered at intervals in each group. A fourth group of sheep was maintained at 48 kg. Analyses of covariance comparing regression equations were used to determine differences in body composition between the first three groups.. The compensatory growth rates of both groups which had lost weight were 1·5-2 times those during continuous growth. These increases were associated with an increased gut content of these animals and a concomitant reduction in the proportion of empty body weight (EBW) and carcass weight (CW) in t he full body weight (FBW). Thus, the apparent ...
Authors: James, W.P.T. , Ralph, Ann Article Type: Research Article Abstract: Obesity is an escalating problem in many countries. There is a need to reduce the average body weight of a population, not simply treat the extremes. This requires consideration of societal factors which affect body weight. Weight increases with age, the increase leading to a higher proportion of body fat to lean tissue. Causes include progressive inactivity and dietary fat which often accompany increasing affluence. A body mass index (BMI) of 20-25 is generally advised, but some suggest a BMI of 20-22 for lowest risk of disease. The risk of smoking when thin exceeds the risk of being overweight, so …dietary advice is important on cessation of smoking. Genetic susceptibility to weight gain is strongly influenced by nutrient interactions at all stages of life. Foetal and neonatal nutrition may modify body weight in later life. Familial trends of reduced activity and low metabolic rate need to be addressed, as does the ...
European researchers recently identified six new loci associated with body mass index, highlighting a very interesting neuronal influence on body weight regulation
I havent kept anything down for the last 3 days. If you have a baseline weight to work with, it will help you decide how to approach this patient. Lets say this patients baseline weight was 145 pounds, and her weight today in clinic is 146. In that case, probably her claim of having kept nothing down is an exaggeration. On the other hand, lets say her weight today is 141. She may have lost 3 pounds. I would be much more likely to consider IV hydration in addition to anti-emetics ...
So, it seems that a part of the explanation for Rons obesity, and the health problems that have led him to seek medical advice, may relate to the environment in which he is living, and more specifically the diet that he has chosen. It may also be a diet that is especially effective in activating the reward circuits in Rons brain. However, Ron is also in his later middle age. A longitudinal study of people of this age in the USA suggests that average body weight increases by 1-2 kg per dec ...
So, it seems that a part of the explanation for Rons obesity, and the health problems that have led him to seek medical advice, may relate to the environment in which he is living, and more specifically the diet that he has chosen. It may also be a diet that is especially effective in activating the reward circuits in Rons brain. However, Ron is also in his later middle age. A longitudinal study of people of this age in the USA suggests that average body weight increases by 1-2 kg per dec ...
Healthy Body Weight download - The slower you lose weight, the more likely you are losing fat and not muscle. If you have a high level of body fat, or ...
Ideal body weight calculator for drug dosing, renal function estimation, nutritional assessment, and mechanical ventilation. Calculator includes percent ideal body weight, adjusted and nutritional body weight, lean body weight, BMI, and BSA.
Our Ankle Weights section has a wide range of adjustable ankle weights, in sizes from lightweight to heavy ankle weights. do NOT contact me with unsolicited services or offers; post id: 7244711202. posted: 2020-12-09 23:49. updated: 2021-01-04 01:44. email to friend ♥ best of . weights. What do ankle weights do? Whatsapp. Ankle Weights - Choice of 1lb, 2lb, 3lb, 4lb and 5lb Ankle Weight Sets - Ankle Weights for Women and Men - Wrist Weights for Women and Men - Leg Weights for Women and Men - Arm Exercise Weights 4.7 out of 5 stars 1,772. This is for one 2lb weight. Argos Weight Bench February 2020 Everlast Folding Bench With 50kg Weights 6076100 Argos Price Athlon Argos 10x42 Binocular With Harness Argos Media Gift Guide 2018 Roi By Sshy Creative Issuu Argos Home Steel Folding Chairs Set Of 2 Amazon Co Uk Garden Men S Health Squat Rack In 2019 At Home Gym Squats No Weight … weights, since theyre all grey and black, but right now Ill revel in my awesome, red 12 lb. Features a comfortable, ...
(HealthDay News) -- Youve lost a few pounds and are now at a healthy body weight. Its important not to gain those pounds back. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers these suggestions for maintaining your optimal weight Weigh yourself frequently. Eliminate any habits that may...
The Obalon balloon consists of 3 lightweight balloons that are placed in the stomach over a 12-week treatment period. Rather than introducing one large balloon, the Obalon balloon is designed to minimize discomfort by introducing up to 3 small balloons over time. The Obalon balloon is designed to assist weight loss by partially filling the stomach and helping to induce a feeling of fullness. The placement of one or more balloons in the stomach helps you consume less food at each sitting. Data from European and Mexican clinical studies of the Obalon balloon demonstrated that participants lost on average 8.2% of their Total Body Weight and 48.9% of Excess Body Weight over a 12-week treatment period. Some participants lost less weight than the average and other participants lost more than the average.* The Obalon balloon is designed to help you feel fuller longer with smaller meals so that you can work on eating healthier. Weight loss will depend on how you modify your eating behaviors, as directed ...
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UAB researchers are conducting a study to investigate how daily consumption of types of foods influences body weight and composition, and other outcom...
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. PENNINGS on what should be the ideal weight: That depends on gender, muscle mass & initial size. For instance a morbidly obese person may be able to still eat a fair amount & still lose weight whereas her or his skinnier counterpart may not get that same impact.
Calculate the ideal weight for your baby using a body-mass index indicator available on websites such as WebMD. This calculator requires the childs sex, birth date, height and weight, as well as...
130 to 140 lbs: The real answer to this question, as with most questions, is it depends. It depends on whether or not you have been close to this weight through most of your life. Ideal weight for a young woman at 57 tall is 135 lbs; at 53, it can be a little higher. But what is your body fat? Are you fit and muscular? If you have been 50+ pounds more than this for years, then 145 to 150 pounds would be great ...Read more ...
Just as you track you activities, it would be really nice to track your body weight. I simple manual entry as required and then displayed...
Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: This study was designed to determine the effect of supplementing feedlot steers with Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-1079 (SC) on the acute phase response to a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Steers (n = 18; 266 ± 4 kilograms body weight) were separated into three treatment groups (n = 6/treatment): one group was fed a standard receiving diet (Control, Cont); one group was fed the standard receiving diet supplemented with SC (Lallemand, Inc.) at 0.5 grams/head/day (SC-0.5), and the final group was fed the standard receiving diet supplemented with SC at 5.0 grams/head/day (SC-5.0) for 29 days. On day 27 steers were fitted with indwelling jugular cannulas and rectal temperature (RT) probes that measured RT continuously at 5-minute intervals and were placed in individual stalls. On day 28, steers were challenged intravenously with LPS (0.5 micrograms/kilogram body weight at 0 hour) and blood samples were collected at 30-minute intervals from -2 to 8 ...
It depends on what you ate before going on a diet. If you were eating 1800 calories a day, then you`ll be eating 500 calories less each day than normal. For a week, that equates to 3500 calories in one week. That means you would lose one pound each week. Then, you`d lose some weight, and the amount of calories required to maintain your new weight will decrease. So, instead of it being 1800 minus 1200, it would be, say, 1500 minuse 1200. 3500 calories lost is the equivalent of one pound lost. So, you should track what you`d eat naturally, then start the diet to figure out how much weight you want to lose. Adding exercise always helps with calorie deficits. If you walk at a good pace for about an hour, you might burn anywhere from 200 to upwards of 500 calories. All of that depends on your weight, though, because calories are energy. If you have them, you need to use them. The more you weigh, the more you need to stay that weight ...
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The researchers said that during the starter period, feeding chickens with any of the tested additives diminished their body weight (BW), average daily gain (ADG) and feed intake (FI) as compared to control diet. This was also observed during the entire feeding period, except for INU supplementation, that showed similar values to control birds.. The authors noted that none of the treatments affected duodenal histomorphometry.. Our results also revealed that, as expected, the caeca microbiota composition was influenced by diet at every stage of the productive period, although an association between microbiota and performance was not clear.. At day 21, they said they did not observe any differences in microbiota composition of the control, 60-DWP, 5-CHIT and 20-INU birds although they noted that only the control diet promoted greater body weight (BW), average daily gain (ADG), and feed intake (FI).. The control and 60-DWP diets did not differ in their caeca communities at day 42, although only ...
Author Summary Body weight and energy balance are under very complex neural, endocrine, and metabolic control. Correspondingly, recent research suggests that hundreds of genes contribute to human obesity and that only a small proportion of them have as yet been identified. Neurobeachin (Nbea) is a protein specifically expressed in nerve and endocrine cells and is important for neurotransmission, apparently by influencing the synaptic targeting of membrane proteins. Here, we show that heterozygous knockout mice, expressing Nbea at 50% of normal levels, display increased adipose tissue mass, abnormal feeding behavior, and modified expression of specific genes in the brainstem and hypothalamus known to be important for body weight control. Moreover, we find that NBEA gene polymorphisms are associated with body-mass index in adult and juvenile human cohorts. Our results demonstrate that variation of Nbea activity critically affects body weight, presumably by influencing the activity of feeding-related
The notion that an ideal weight exists for every age and gender fails to take into account differences in body fat percentage, height and body shape. An...
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Cariprazine (Car) is a recently approved second generation antipsychotic (SGA) with unique pharmacodynamic profile, being a partial agonist at both dopamine D2/3 receptor subtypes, with almost 10 times greater affinity towards D3. SGAs are known to increase body weight, alter serum lipids, and stimulate adipogenesis but so far, limited information about the adverse effects is available with this drug. In order to study this new SGA with such a unique mechanism of action, we compared Car to substances that are considered references and are well characterized: olanzapine (Ola) and aripiprazole (Ari). We studied the effects on body weight and also assessed the adipogenesis in rats. The drugs were self-administered in two different doses to female, adult, Wistar rats for six weeks. Weekly body weight change, vacuole size of adipocytes, Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein-1 (SREBP-1) and Uncoupling Protein-1 (UCP-1) expression were measured from the visceral adipose tissue (AT). The adipocyte’s
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Bronchial hyperreactivity associated with propranolol treatment for infantile hemangiomas may be due to age and low body weight, study shows.
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Study report attachments: Tables 1-2: Adult Clinical Observations (Group incidence) Tables 3-5: Adult Body Weights and Body Weight Changes (Group Means) Tables 6 -9: Adult Food consumption/efficiency (Group Means) Table 10 Oestrus Cycles - GroupValues Table 11 Mating Performance and Fertility - GroupValues Table 12 Surnmary Incidence of Gestation Lengths Table 13 Litter Data and Litter Weights - GroupMean Values Table 14 Offspring Body Weight and Body Weight Change - Group Mean Values Table 15 lmplantation Losses and Offpring Survival lndices - Group Mean Litter Values Table 16 Sex Ratio -Group Mean Litter Values Table 17 Offspring Clinical Signs -Group lncidences Table 18 Developmental Markers - Group Mean Values Table 19 Ref1exological Responses - Group Mean Litter Values Tables 20 -22 Necropsy Findings - Group lncidences Tables 23 -26 Absolute/Relative Organ Weights - GroupMean Values Tables 27 -28 Histopathological Findings Tables 29 Sperm Concentration and Motility - Group Mean Values Table ...
Weight Loss Program Outline & Order page article on easy loss weight….. Men who had a waist size of 40 inches or more were 12 times more likely to develop the type of diabetes in which the pancreas either doesnt make enough insulin or doesnt respond properly to insulin than men with waist sizes of 34 or less.. With a waist size of 34 to 36, the diabetes risk doubled; at 36 to 38 inches, the risk tripled; and at 38 to 40 inches, the risk for the disease was five times greater.. So, in addition to measuring BMI, the researchers recommend that doctors measure waist size as an indicator of central obesity to estimate diabetes risk for patients and make decisions with them about changes in diet and lifestyle.. On the Net: Adding Soy Protein to the Diet. For consumers interested in increasing soy protein consumption to help reduce their risk of heart disease, health experts say they need not completely eliminate animal-based products such as meat, poultry, and dairy foods to reap ...
The knockout approach is so useful that the inventors of the technology were awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Medicine. Knockout mice are now standard tools in all mouse models of behavior and disease. In 60% of strains, knocking out a gene produces mice that are nonviable; that is, the mouse cannot survive without the knocked out gene. The Monell survey revealed that body weight was altered in over a third of the viable knockout stains; 31 percent weighed less than controls (indicating that the missing genes contribute to heavier body weight), while another 3 percent weighed more (contributing to lighter weight). Extrapolating from the total number of genes in the mouse genome, this implies that over 6,000 genes could potentially contribute to the body weight of a mouse. Tordoff comments, It is interesting that there are 10 times more genes that increase body weight than decrease it, which might help explain why it is easier to gain weight than lose it.. Because body weight plays a role in ...
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Eating whatever you want is one of the greatest pleasures in a persons life. Unfortunately gaining weight usually partners this way of eating, making your health and weight out of control at a later stage. You, like many others, might start gaining unnecessary weight around the age of 25, when you reach your full maturity. This often leads to panic and many people start thinking of quick weight loss methods. They will try dieting, exercise and all possible ways to cut down the excess fat, which they have gained throughout the years. The truth is, quick weight loss is only possible if you have very strong will power.. tips for losing weight, weight loss diet programs, diet plans, Many people do not have much patience and often drop the whole weight loss effort in the middle of it. Ultimately by the age of 50, many people are obese with a list of accompanying diseases.. Is there a way to loose unwanted weight within a short period of time? Is quick weight loss possible? These are common questions ...
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Objectives: To assess the validity of self-reported weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) in the participants of a multi-purpose prospective cohort. Methods The SUN Study is a cohort of university graduates, recruited and followed-up using mailed questionnaires. We compared the self-reported weight and height in the baseline questionnaire with the objectively measured weight and height in a medical visit after the participants filled the questionnaire. Participants did not know that the self-reported weight and height would be compared with the measured weight and height. Results: The average relative error was -1.45% (95% CI:-2.03% to -0.86%) for the weight and -2.64% (95% CI: -3.70% to -1.60%) for the BMI. Self-reported BMI showed values for sensitivity of 90%, for specificity of 100%, for positive and negative predictive values of 100% and 93% respectively, to detect overweight/obesity (BMIε 25 kg/m 2). The kappa index was 0.91 (95% CI: 0.81 to 0.99). The correlation coefficient between ...
Nutritionists recommend that the best way to gain healthy weight is by eating natural, whole foods and paying attention to caloric intake. Here are some simple, healthy tips to pack on a few more pounds. To gain weight fast, focus on adding calorie dense foods to your meals and snacks. Stick to it. Healthy Ways to Gain Weight. Which foods are best for weight gain. Fastest Possible way to gain weight? ... Best Diet Tips Ever: 22 Ways to Stay on Track. Kick Up The Weight Gain With A Few Easy Lifestyle Changes. Your needs may vary by several hundred calories per day. Sleep relaxes the mind and helps in increasing the weight of a person. 4. How to eat plenty of calories even when you feel full. How to supplement to maximize the weight gaining process. This is GOMAD - it adds 2400 calories a day which creates a caloric surplus so you gain weight quickly. And good sleep is one of the best answers on how to become fat in one week. Muscle plays a critical role, says Suzette Pereira, a muscle health ...
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The goals of therapy for people with diabetes and overweight or obesity are to achieve optimal glycemic and metabolic control and, ultimately, improve quality of life, morbidity and mortality. Attaining and maintaining a healthy body weight, and preventing weight regain, are key components of optimizing glycemic control in people with diabetes. Often people with obesity and diabetes have greater difficulty with achieving weight loss compared to people with obesity but without diabetes (19). Health-care providers should attempt to minimize use of weight-inducing agents without compromising glycemic control, or switch the person with diabetes to agents not associated with weight gain (15).. For many people with diabetes, prevention of further weight gain is a realistic and sustainable target. A modest weight loss of 5% to 10% of initial body weight can improve insulin sensitivity, glycemic control and blood pressure. Greater amounts of weight loss may be needed to improve OSA and dyslipidemia ...
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Getting Regular Exercise and Maintaining a Healthy Weight Can Cut Your Risk of Heart Failure. Recent research has found that you can cut your risk of developing a certain kind of heart failure by getting regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight. The study, which was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and covered by HealthDay, found an association between physical activity, body mass index, and overall heart failure risk.. Read More. Are you interested in learning more about heart failure? Join us for a free seminar on June 6th in NYC that will give you a deeper understanding of heart failure, its symptoms, and treatment options.. Register Now. ...
Reported statistics and error estimates (Contd) Where applicable, all two-way interactions between treatment, sex, and days were modeled. Body weights were analyzed separately over two time periods due to changes in reproductive status over these periods. Body weight differences from day 0 to day 60 were analyzed with mean weight differences compared among the three treatment groups. Next, body weight differences were analyzed over the time period that ducks were reproductively active (day 90 through day 150). Organ weights and percent shot erosion were also analyzed using an ANOVA involving the factors treatment and sex. Percent shot erosion and adult relative organ weights were percentage (p) data subjected to arcsine, square root transformation prior to statistical analysis. As standard errors are not readily back-transformed, the reported means and 95% confidence intervals for treatment means of percent shot erosion and adult relative organ weights were back-transformed to the scale of ...
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Alternate-day fasting (ADF) is a novel diet therapy that may achieve reduction in body weight and improvement of dyslipidaemia, but the impact of this diet on patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ADF on the body weight and lipid profile of individuals with NAFLD. NAFLD patients (n = 271) were randomised to the ADF group, time-restricted feeding (TRF) group, or the control group and subjected to the respective diet for 12 weeks. Anthropometric measurements (body weight, fat mass/fat-free mass) were performed, and plasma lipids were analysed enzymatically. Within 4 weeks, the body weight decreased significantly (P | 0.001) in the ADF group by 4.56 ± 0.41 kg (6.1 ± 0.5%) and the TRF group by 3.62 ± 0.65 kg (4.83 ± 0.9%) compared to the control group, and it decreased even more after 12 weeks in both groups (ADF: − 4.04 ± 0.54 kg, 5.4 ± 0.7%; TRF: − 3.25 ± 0.67 kg, 4.3 ± 0.9%). Fat mass was significantly
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When you embark on a weight loss diet something strange happens. Your body is not entirely happy to shed its fat. Instead you start to lose lean tissue such as muscle and bone density.. A research study carried out in Denmark, and reported in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in May 2002 found that when men dieted less than 60% of the weight lost was fat. The rest was lean tissues. When men regained weight only 24% of the weight they put back on was lean tissue - over 75% of the weight regained after weight loss was more fat. That means for people who yo-yo diet - living in a cycle of losing weight and putting it back on again - the lean tissues in their body are gradually being replaced by fat.. the diet solution program review, natural weight loss supplements, loose weight, The same research showed that the picture for women is even worse! During the diet 35% of the weight lost was lean tissue - initially less than for men. BUT on regaining weight only 15% was lean tissue. When women ...
The treatments were as follows: control-basal diets with no supplementary NCF, basal diet plus 0.2 g NCF/kg and basal diet plus 0.4 g NCF/kg. Actigen (Alltech Inc.) was used as the source of NCF. The body weight of the birds was measured weekly. Feed intake was recorded for each dietary period (starter, grower and finisher) for each pen. Based on the recorded data, feed conversion ratio (FCR) was calculated for each dietary period (1 - 14 d, 15 - 35 d, 36 - 42 d). Mortality and culls were recorded daily. The FCR was corrected for the body weights of birds that died.. At 28 days old, 10 birds of average body weight were sacrificed from each treatment, and the following were measured: live body weight, duodenum, jejunum and ileum length, small intestine, liver, pancreas, spleen and bursa of Fabricius weights. Lengths of identified sections of the small intestine and total small intestine length were expressed as cm/100 g of live body weight, and organ weights were expressed as percentage of live ...
The treatments were as follows: control-basal diets with no supplementary NCF, basal diet plus 0.2 g NCF/kg and basal diet plus 0.4 g NCF/kg. Actigen (Alltech Inc.) was used as the source of NCF. The body weight of the birds was measured weekly. Feed intake was recorded for each dietary period (starter, grower and finisher) for each pen. Based on the recorded data, feed conversion ratio (FCR) was calculated for each dietary period (1 - 14 d, 15 - 35 d, 36 - 42 d). Mortality and culls were recorded daily. The FCR was corrected for the body weights of birds that died.. At 28 days old, 10 birds of average body weight were sacrificed from each treatment, and the following were measured: live body weight, duodenum, jejunum and ileum length, small intestine, liver, pancreas, spleen and bursa of Fabricius weights. Lengths of identified sections of the small intestine and total small intestine length were expressed as cm/100 g of live body weight, and organ weights were expressed as percentage of live ...
Records of 606 animals from a crossbreeding experiment between Charlolais (Ch) and Caracu (Ca), carried out at Estacao Experimental Fazenda Modelo, in ponta Grossa-PR, Brazil, from 1981 to 1992, were analyzed to estimate additive and heterozygotic effects on birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), daily gain from birtht to weaning (DBGW), yearling weight (YW) and daily gain from weaning to yearling (DGWY).. ...
Data on body weight and weight change collected from nationally representative samples of U.S. adults are reviewed. The body mass index (weight [kg]/height [m2]) has a low correlation with height and is used to compare body weights between persons of differing heights. The BMI varies to a greater degree in women than in men. Below the 75th percentile of the BMI distribution, women have lower BMIs than men, whereas at the 75th percentile and above, women have higher BMIs than men. Overweight is defined as a BMI of 27.8 or more in men and of 27.3 or more in women, corresponding to approximately 20% or more above desirable weight in the 1983 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company tables. For persons of average height (men, 59; women, 54) this definition is equivalent to a body weight above 85 kg (187 pounds) in men and above 72 kg (158 pounds) in women. Among adults 20 to 74 years of age, 24% of men and 27% of women are overweight, yielding an estimated total of 34 million persons in the United ...
Nothing is more frustrating than when youre making good progress on your weight loss goals and then all of the sudden, you stop losing weight. Youre following the same plan, but youre not losing additional weight. Unfortunately, you may have hit a weight loss plateau. There are several factors that can contribute to hitting a plateau, but with a little effort youll be back to losing weight in no time.. Factors that May Contribute to Weight Loss Plateaus. Youre not eating enough calories each day. Your metabolism (or the rate at which you burn calories) is dependent upon food. If your food intake is too low to meet your bodys energy needs, your metabolism will slow down to conserve energy. Although your calories need to be reduced in order to lose weight, skipping meals or not eating enough may actually cause you to gain weight.. Youve already lost weight. When you begin your weight loss journey, you may lose weight quickly. Weight loss is a metabolic process which breaks down glycogen ...
How Do I Calculate My Ideal Body Weight? By setting goals and calculating your ideal body weight, you can measure if you are on the right track.
The Ideal body weight of a person is the amount of pounds that he should weigh depending upon his height, age, and gender. It is a function of nourishment and thus a malnourished person will weigh less than his ideal body weight.
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Patient weight is an essential parameter for medication safety and infection management. Drugs where body weight is important in the dose assessment are often prescribed without a recorded weight. Our study showed that large numbers of patients are not weighed on admission. The reasons for this omission are complex and may result in inaccurate dosing of certain narrow therapeutic index drugs, which could have serious consequences. From a medication safety perspective recording of patient weight is an essential step for the safe administration of many medicines with a narrow therapeutic index. In the case of antibiotics the need to keep drugs within the narrow therapeutic index during therapy, in addition to ensure efficacy and reduce toxicity is of significant importance for mitigating the emergence of resistance. If the antibiotic concentrations fall short of the minimum inhibitory concentrations there is a risk of resistance being developed to the antibiotic being used.6 ,7 Using the correct ...
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The dual intervention point model posits that rather than a body weight set point, there is a set range for body weight. Under ... or to overall body weight. Set point theory applies to both downward and upward adjustment of weight. This return to the pre- ... as it pertains to human body weight, states that there is a biological control method in humans that actively regulates weight ... while for weights within the set range environmental factors would have a strong effect on body weight since there would only ...
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Moreover, weight management involves developing meaningful ways to track weight over time and to identify ideal body weights ... inches) and weight (kilograms vs. pounds): B M I = weight kg height m 2 {\displaystyle \mathrm {BMI} ={\frac {{\text{weight ... followed by maintenance of an ideal body weight over time. However, weight neutral approaches to health have also been shown to ... weight management strategies most often focus on achieving healthy weights through slow but steady weight loss, ...
Equipment Squats can be performed using only the practitioner's body weight. For weighted squats, a barbell is typically used, ... the extended arms are swung from one side to another in a twisting motion with or without weight. Equipment: body weight, ... The leg press is performed while seated by pushing a weight away from the body with the feet. It is a compound exercise that ... The leg extension is performed while seated by raising a weight out in front of the body with the feet. It is an isolation ...
... can be potentially harmful to the body if they occur too rapidly. Unintentional rapid weight change can be caused by the body's ... "Body Weight". MedlinePlus. Retrieved June 26, 2020. "Eating Disorders". Retrieved 2020-04-10. "NIMH » Eating ... A particular diet may be chosen to promote weight loss or weight gain. Changing a subject's dietary intake, or "going on a diet ... The terms "healthy diet" and "diet for weight management" (dieting) are often related, as the two promote healthy weight ...
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Findings of these studies range from increase in body weight to a small decrease among women who begin consuming alcohol. Some ... Jéquier E (February 1999). "Alcohol intake and body weight: a paradox". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 69 (2): 173-4. doi:10.1093/ajcn/69.2 ... Cordain L, Bryan ED, Melby CL, Smith MJ (April 1997). "Influence of moderate daily wine consumption on body weight regulation ... Williamson DF, Forman MR, Binkin NJ, Gentry EM, Remington PL, Trowbridge FL (October 1987). "Alcohol and body weight in United ...
... excess body weight; loss of strength in the muscles supporting a joint; and impairment of peripheral nerves, leading to sudden ... For overweight people, weight loss may be an important factor. Weight loss and exercise provides long-term treatment and ... Weight loss may help in those who are overweight. Pain medications may include paracetamol (acetaminophen) as well as NSAIDs ... Joints on one side of the body are often more affected than those on the other. The symptoms can interfere with work and normal ...
... low body weight; and event inexperience. Event-specific risk factors are: high availability of drinking fluids; duration of ... Sodium is mainly found in the body fluids that surround the cells and is necessary for nerves, muscles, and other body tissues ... As water retention increases, weight gain may also occur. More severe symptoms include pulmonary edema and hyponatremic ... he clear and important health message should be that thirst alone is not the best indicator of dehydration or the body's fluid ...
low body weight. a parent with a hip fracture. individuals with vertebral abnormalities. individuals receiving, or planning to ... Exercise, especially weight-bearing and resistance exercises are most effective for building bone. Weight-bearing exercise ... Resistance exercise is often accomplished through lifting weights. Other therapies, such as estrogens (e.g., estradiol, ...
The Body Mass Index (BMI) measures body weight in proportion to height, and defines optimal, insufficient, and excessive weight ... Weight gain is an increase in body weight. This can involve an increase in muscle mass, fat deposits, excess fluids such as ... leading to weight gain. Weight gain is a common side-effect of certain psychiatric medications. Pathological causes of weight ... If enough weight is gained due to increased body fat deposits, one may become overweight or obese, generally defined as having ...
The use of metformin reduces body weight in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in contrast to sulfonylureas, which are ... February 2020). "GDF15 mediates the effects of metformin on body weight and energy balance". Nature. 578 (7795): 444-448. doi: ... Golay A (January 2008). "Metformin and body weight". International Journal of Obesity. 32 (1): 61-72. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo. ... Metformin use is typically associated with weight loss. It appears to be safe and effective in counteracting the weight gain ...
Wt is body weight. β is the rate at which alcohol is metabolized. It is approximately 0.017% per hour. T is the amount time ... r is the ratio of body water to total weight. It varies between individuals but averages about 0.68 for men and 0.55 for women ... For this reason, most calculations of alcohol to body mass simply use the weight of the individual, and not specifically their ... In terms of fluid ounces of alcohol consumed and weight in pounds, the formula can be written as E B A C = 8 × fl oz / weight ...
Wt is body weight. β is the rate at which alcohol is metabolized. It is approximately 0.017% per hour. T is the amount time ... r is the ratio of body water to total weight. It varies between individuals but averages about 0.68 for men and 0.55 for women ... this can vary with body weight, sex, age, personal metabolic rate, recent food intake, the type and strength of the alcohol, ... 7% alcohol) = 2.4 standard drinks As a rough guide, it takes about one hour for the body to metabolize (break down) one UK unit ...
Many body weight placements. A4+ May include easier A5 moves but is not hard enough to be rated as such. A5 Serious, hard aid ... A6 psycho aid, all placements body weight only including the belay anchor. Long, John and John Middendorf, Big Walls, ...
Empty weight without body. M51 Dump truck M52 Semi-tractor with van trailer Gun truck museum exhibit M139 with Honest John ... The standard body sides could secure a load but could not be loaded from the side by forklifts, so a body with drop sides was ... The body could support 5,000 lb (2,300 kg) of communications equipment. The M291A1D had a rear power lift gate. None had a ... In on-road service the load weight was doubled. The M39 series was the primary heavy truck of the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine ...
Sanctorius measured body weight. Physician Herman Boerhaave modeled the digestive process. Physiologist Albrecht von Haller ... provide for an intake of 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. A review panel stating that "no additional dietary ... which have roles throughout the human body. The omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which can be made in the human body from ... The human body contains chemical compounds such as water, carbohydrates, amino acids (found in proteins), fatty acids (found in ...
Moderate in body weight. =>Better egg production. =>Produce brown shell eggs. List of chicken breeds "ഗ്രാമപ്രിയക്കും വനരാജനും ...
... piercing aided by body weight; to attack vital areas of the prey; to restrain prey; intra- or interspecific competition; and ... pinning it under their body weight, and gripping it tightly with the large, sickle claws of the pedal digit II-in a manner very ... As in other dromaeosaurids, the lacrimal has an inverted L-shape, but the thin body of this bone is curved, which is also seen ... The holotype has an estimated length of 2.39 m (7.8 ft) with a weight of 36.5 kg (80 lb). The comparatively larger pedal ...
Both displayed decreased grip strength while the males also had decreased body weight, length, bone mineral content and ... "Body weight data for Sms". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Grip strength data for Sms". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. " ...
Maintaining a healthy body weight. Sleeping seven to eight hours per night. (For related research, see Sleep#Optimal.) Limiting ... and maintenance of a healthy weight play an important role in promoting longevity and delaying illness and death." Citing: ...
Schreider E (1950). "Geographical distribution of the body-weight/body-surface ratio". Nature. 165 (4190): 286. Bibcode: ... Roberts DF (1953). "Body weight, race and climate". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 11 (4): 533-558. doi:10.1002/ ... states that species inhabiting colder climates have a larger heart in relation to body weight than closely related species ... effects of body size on success as a predator, effects of body size on vulnerability to predation, and resource availability. ...
"Body weight data for Nsun2". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Grip strength data for Nsun2". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute ... Homozygous mutants were subviable and had decreased body weights, length of long bones and decreased circulating glucose levels ... numerous abnormal body composition, X-ray imaging, eye morphology and haematology parameters; males also had a decreased grip ...
Body weight in hidradenitis suppurativa. In: Marks R, Plewig G, editors. Acne and Related disorders. London: Martin Dunitz; ... Weight loss and the cessation of smoking are also recommended. Antibiotics: taken by mouth, these are used for their anti- ... Lesions will occur in any body areas with hair follicles, although areas such as the axilla, groin, and perineal region are ...
Animals of both sex displayed decreased body fat and body weight, hematopoietic abnormalities and an atypical plasma chemistry ... "Body weight data for Akap9". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Indirect calorimetry data for Akap9". Wellcome Trust Sanger ...
"Body weight data for Rad18". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Dysmorphology data for Rad18". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute ... Twenty five tests were carried out and four significant phenotypes were reported: Mutant male mice had a decreased body weight ...
Keesey, R. E.; Powley, T. L. (September 1975). "Hypothalamic regulation of body weight". American Scientist. 63 (5): 558-565. ... which resulted in gaining excess weight rapidly. The hypothalamus consists of clusters of highly similarly functioning nerve ...
Homozygous mutant animals had a decreased body weight, grip strength and bone mineral content; a kinked tail, abnormal indirect ... "Body weight data for Dnase1l2". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Grip strength data for Dnase1l2". Wellcome Trust Sanger ...
Homozygous mutant animals of both sexes were sub-fertile and homozygous females had a reduced body weight, body length, heart ... "Body weight data for Slx4". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Dysmorphology data for Slx4". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. " ... "Heart weight data for Slx4". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Salmonella infection data for Slx4". Wellcome Trust Sanger ... weight, platelet count and lean mass. Homozygotes of both sex had abnormal eye sizes, narrow eye openings, skeletal defects ( ...
The Fist Team quarrelled, so their strategy ended up being Blue Womp trying (and failing) to protect the egg with his body. ... The Fist Team came from behind to win after the High School team incorrectly guessed Steve's weight, and Emily's head was ...
This robust fish is the largest cichlid native to its range, up to 12 kg (26 lb) in weight and 80 cm (2.6 ft) long, and in the ... These are quite dark overall with a body covered in turquoise-blue spots, and dark reddish speckles on the head and operculum. ... These have silvery spotting on the body and are quite yellowish overall, especially on the face and operculum, which lack ...
The smallest rear sprocket that fits on a freehub body is an 10-tooth, but with the use of a cassette hub, sometimes called a ... Another advantage is the reduction in weight with the reduction in size of all the parts. The disadvantage is increased ...
The actor explained that for his part, he had to shave his body including his head, and wear eye make-up, since the character ... "all weight and meaning is gone". Gaga's performance has received mixed reviews from critics. Matt Zoller Seitz of Vulture ... beyond which an obscure image revealed a blond woman putting a body to bed. Later that month, Entertainment Weekly exclusively ...
The A-weighting curve weights the mid frequency content, 500 to 4000 Hz, more than the frequencies outside that range. At lower ... When the ears are uncomfortably cold and the rest of the body is much warmer, using a winter hat or the hood of a jacket to ... This frequency dependence is reflected in the use of the A-weighting curve to describe the decibel level of an exposure (dB A ... A-weighting Denisov, Eduard; Shkarinov, Lev (1966). "The efficiency of several types of personal noise protectors and their ...
They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching ... They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. Black-faced ibis, Theristicus melanopis (V) ... However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. White-tufted grebe, Rollandia ... These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. ...
Underwater sites simulate a reduced-gravity environment by compensating weight by the Archimedes' principle, thus simulating ... environmental or biological conditions of a celestial body such as the Moon or Mars. Analogue sites are used in the frame of ... which can be extrapolated to other Solar System bodies in order to interpret and validate the data received from orbiters or ... environmental or biological conditions of a celestial body. Analogue site studies are necessary because they help to understand ...
They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer ... hispida LC The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than ...
Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a ... They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching ... The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat ... These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. ...
From the 13th century onwards, the electoral body for the election of the King of the Romans in the Holy Roman Empire was the ... Even the awarding of governmental offices to native-born nobility was given increasing weight - in Denmark over the German ...
With Salazar's body language, he tried to convey a bull in an arena, "full of rage and need of vengeance, but also wounded." It ... which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 39 out of 100, based on 45 critics, indicating "generally ... Once he does so, Henry is given his body back, and Jack distracts Salazar, allowing Henry to destroy the Trident, breaking all ... whose on-set footage was mostly replaced by CGI to achieve missing body parts and floating hair and clothing. Brozenich stated ...
For instance within this body of work, there is an attention to involving children in the decision making process of technology ... interest of the child such as recognizing that children has an evolving capacity to form their own views and giving due weight ... In 2020, the United Kingdom's government's advisory body on the responsible use of AI, the Centre for Data Ethics and ...
Thus, engine coolant may be run through a heat exchanger that is cooled by the body of water. Most liquid-cooled engines use a ... Aircraft design more strongly favors lower weight and air-cooled designs. Rotary engines were popular on aircraft until the end ... Higher-power engines generate more waste heat, but can move more weight, meaning they are generally water-cooled. Radial ... Modern cars generally favor power over weight, and typically have water-cooled engines. Modern motorcycles are lighter than ...
Christians will also have to face the judgment of the Lord and receive what is due them for the deeds done in the body, whether ... which had symbolized the judgment of the soul through its weight on the scale of truth. Orphic initiates were buried with ...
It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Early on, ... Symptoms of advanced cervical cancer may include: loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, pelvic pain, back pain, leg pain, ... 2015: HPV Vaccine shown to protect against infection at multiple body sites. 2018: Evidence for single-dose protection with HPV ...
The Busy-Body himself is a true Censor Morum, as Isaac Bickerstaff had been in the Tatler. And a number of the fictitious ... When I have thus got them all together in one View, I endeavour to estimate their respective Weights; and where I find two, one ... In 1728, aged 22, Franklin wrote what he hoped would be his own epitaph: The Body of B. Franklin Printer; Like the Cover of an ... Alexander Dallas Bache of the University of Pennsylvania, the law of the effect of heat on the conduction of bodies otherwise ...
This gives an estimate of the weight and size of the fetus and is important when doing serial ultrasounds to monitor fetal ... Fortunately, gestational sac, yolk sac and embryo are surrounded by hyperechoic (brighter) body tissues. Traditional obstetric ... Several randomized controlled trials have reported no association between Doppler exposure and birth weight, Apgar scores, and ... each body tissue type, such as liver, spleen or kidney, has a unique echogenicity. ...
Weight saving measures such as a new carbon fibre blend and lightweight paint application have reduced the Imola's dry weight ... The system also prevents excess body roll in the corners by raising the "inside" flaps (i.e. the left ones in a left-handed ... and various weight saving measures have resulted in a lower dry weight of 1,050 kg (2,315 lb). Pagani plans a limited 30-car ... The dry weight is reduced by 132 kg (291 lb) to just 1,218 kg (2,685 lb), thanks to the use of a new material called 'carbon ...
Their bodies are round and oblong. As with other members of the genus, sexual dimorphism is apparent in mature fish, with males ... Shoaling fish are known to experience stress or weight loss when kept in solitude or in groups too small. In the wild, males ... Hatched larvae are a mean of 3.15 mm (0.124 in) TL, with eyes incompletely developed and the body a red-brown. The yolk sac is ... Like many other pufferfish, in the absence of scales, dwarf pufferfish also have skin spines on most of their body. These ...
The streamers weigh in at nearly 40 pounds in addition to the weight of the flag and the staff. There are ceremonies in which ... flanked on both sides by eight stars which represent the number of body bearers required for a funeral with full military ...
... a spiritual healer and friend of Louise who tries to help Louise recover more quickly by purging the bad energy from her body. ... Elena loses weight, is constantly exhausted, develops bloody gums, and experiences unusual and unwholesome pregnancy cravings ...
The anchor's body, from head through shank to arm, was carved from a single timber, as was the stock. The wood used in its ... The preserved hull is 37 feet (11.25 metres) long and 13.1 feet (4 metres) wide, with an estimated displacement weight of 20 ...
The monument is unique in that with a weight of 40 tons it has only three fulcrum points. The height of the monument reaches ... the hollow body of the horse and the figure of the rider. In 1970, for the monument to Salawat Yulayev, Soslanbek Dafaevich ...
When a baby has jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia, this can indicate that the baby's body is producing excess bilirubin or that ... or not be able to be fed or gain weight. Bilirubin is an orange yellow bile pigment that is produced as a byproduct of ... In 1956, Sister Ward, a nurse at Rochford General Hospital in Essex, England, discovered that a jaundiced infant's body had ... this is normal because that is the way bilirubin is removed from the body. As bilirubin levels return to normal and ...
Based on this, rodents have the second largest body weight span of any mammalian order, aside from Diprotodontia (the most ... He also assumed J. monesi had the same head-to-body ratio as the pacarana, producing a body length of 262.8 cm (8 ft 7 in), ... The skull of J. monesi measures 53 cm (1 ft 9 in), similar to a beef cow skull, equating to a full body length of 262.8 cm (8 ... The head makes up about 18-20% of the pacarana's body length. Rodents can pack the lips into this gap and close their mouth ...
A growing plait was supposed to take the illness "out" of the body, and therefore it was rarely cut off; in addition, the ... "the size and weight of it was enormous, its length four yards and a half [about 4.1 m]; the person who was killed by its growth ... Body Parts: Cultural Explorations in Corporeality, p. 111 and p. 116 book description Gnanaraj P, Venugopal V, Pandurangan CN ( ... Initially, the plait was considered an amulet to keep illness away from the body, as it was believed that when disease resolved ...
They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching ... They are strong fliers and, despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)[citation ... These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Many Old World cuckoo species are brood ... They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are ...
"UN body to look at meat and climate link". BBC. "Study claims meat creates half of all greenhouse gases". 1 ... boneless trimmed weight basis). Globalization and modernization has resulted in Western consumer cultures spreading to ...
The median lethal dose (LD50) of marcellomycin depends strongly on the animal and varies from a few mg/kg of body weight (dogs ...
Soñé has since become the official face of Pantene shampoo, Avon, and Esbelle weight loss product. Soñé competed in the Miss ... as the contestant with the best body in the history of the pageant. She made her screen debut in the Dominican film Un Macho de ...
Learn more about the link between body weight and cancer here. ... Normal Weight Ranges: Body Mass Index (BMI) * Does Body Weight ... Body Weight and Cancer Risk. Being overweight or obese can have far-reaching health consequences, including raising your risk ... Excess Body Weight: A Major Health Issue in America * ... Does the American Cancer Society Recommend About Body Weight? * ...
Health Information on Body Weight: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Body Weight: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Peso corporal: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... Avoiding Weight Gain When Quitting Tobacco - 简体中文 (Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect)) Bilingual PDF ... Avoiding Weight Gain When Quitting Tobacco - 繁體中文 (Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)) Bilingual PDF ...
Mediation model examining the association between hours of media use and body mass index (BMI) percentile among adolescent ... Mediation model examining the association between hours of media use with body mass index (BMI) percentile among adolescent ...
... personality traits of high neuroticism and low conscientiousness are likely to go through cycles of gaining and losing weight ... Although weight tends to increase gradually as people age, the researchers, led by Angelina R. Sutin, PhD, found greater weight ... To maintain a healthy weight, it is typically necessary to have a healthy diet and a sustained programme of physical activity, ... at data from a longitudinal study of 1,988 people to determine how personality traits are associated with weight and body mass ...
Human Energy & Body Weight Regulation Core. Kong Y. Chen, Ph.D., Director ... The Human Energy and Body Weight Regulation Core provides metabolic testing for the Metabolic Clinical Research Unit (MCRU) and ... The Core supports the collection of highly sensitive, continuous measurements of whole-body energy metabolism. We use standard ... and body composition (collected using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), air-displacement plethysmography (BodPod), ...
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a persons weight in kilograms (or pounds) divided by the square of height in meters (or feet). A high ... BMI screens for weight categories that may lead to health problems, but it does not diagnose the body fatness or health of an ... BMI is a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people. It is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health ... Healthy Eating for a Healthy Weightplus icon *Water and Healthier Drinksplus icon *Rethink Your Drink ...
All it takes is 30 minutes and some space to do this full-body HIIT workout. No equipment necessary. ... Studies show that bodyweight exercises can yield maximum results with minimal investment. Machines, free weights and bodyweight ... 30-Minute Bodyweight Tabata Workout. * By Hunter Hewitt Updated On April 02, 2019 ... 2. Step one foot directly behind your body.. 3. Bend both knees to drop into a single-leg squat position. Your back leg should ...
Researchers noticed that some people who enrolled in exercise programs to lose weight did just the opposite: they gained weight ... Cite this: Exercising to Lose Weight Is Not for Every Body - Medscape - Sep 03, 2021. ... Can Overweight Docs Really Give Credible Weight Loss Advice? * WeightWatchers to Buy Sequence Telehealth, Enter Obesity Drug ... In other words, some bodies will, unconsciously, work against the conscious effort of exercising to lose weight. Thank you very ...
For every one point over the womans normal body mass index, or BMI (a measure of body fat based on height and weight), ... Where You Carry Your Weight Does Matter. New studies link body shape to brain function. by Candy Sagon, AARP Bulletin, July 16 ... "It could be that decreased brain function causes a change in body weight" and not the other way around, she says. Its even ... A study of 8,745 women ages 65 to 79 found that those who carried their weight around their hips had tested lower on memory, ...
... are the act of using your own body weight as a resistance exercise to increase strength and size as well as keep your body trim ... Bodyweight exercises. Body weight exercises are the act of using your own body weight as a resistance exercise to increase ... unique-bodyweight-exercises. *Body Weight Exercise. A good site with lots of exercises based on bodyweight alone with lots of ... Handstand body press:Facing a wall do a handstand and have your legs outstretched against the wall supporting your body weight ...
... J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 ... body weight (16 studies), and academic performance (22 studies) in children and adolescents. Breakfast skipping is highly ... body weight (16 studies), and academic performance (22 studies … ...
You can build muscle mass and strength with no equipment using your bodyweight too ... Strength training doesnt have to be in the weights area at the gym. ... So, bodyweight doesnt mean youre working against zero-weight, youd have to be a puff of air for that to be the case - ... When you squat, youre squatting the weight of your body down towards the ground and working against the force to raise back up ...
... of body weight at 1 year. Mean weight loss was -25.6% (SD 9.9, 90% CI −28.8 to −22.0, P,0.0001). In addition, self-reported ... of body weight. Mean weight loss in this group was -12.5% (SD 8.9, 90% CI −16.1 to −8.8, P,0.0001) and hunger scores were ... MC4 Agonist Cuts Body Weight, Hunger in Genetically-Driven Obesity. - Trial success raises questions about broader application ... Both groups lost weight similarly in comparison with placebo. There were no increases in heart rate or blood pressure in this ...
Body-weight shoulder exercises can range in difficulty from simple arm circles to incredibly challenging handstand walk-ups. ... You dont need any weights to work your upper body - just these body-weight shoulder exercises. ... Strengthen Your Shoulders With These 8 Body-Weight Exercises By Henry Halse, CSCS, CPT Updated July 21, 2020 ... Body-weight shoulder exercises, on the other hand, arent as well-known and require a little creativity. The options range from ...
Rats consuming green tea along with a high fat diet gained less body weight and accumulated less fat than animals not ... Consuming the equivalent of five to eight cups of green tea a day was associated with a 5.6 percent decrease in body weight ... Green tea shows body weight and fat benefits: Rat study. By Stephen Daniells ... Rats consuming green tea along with a high fat diet gained less body weight and accumulated less fat than animals not ...
Take a look at our top body weight workouts to get you in serious shape! ... Body weight exercises Do each move in order, performing 1 minute of cardio (marching on the spot, star jumps or skipping) ... Zero gear workouts and body weight exercises. Got specific activity goals? This quickie workout will strengthen your muscles ... this total body work out requires no fancy equipment, and only 30 minutes or less of your time. You can use them as ...
By becoming so strong and efficient at moving his own body around, this gymnast was able to move extremely heavy weights and ... Bodyweight Leg Exercises That Make Your Whole Body Stronger. The fact that these closed chain movements require less body fat ... 5 Advanced Bodyweight Exercises. 5 Advanced Bodyweight Exercises Meant To Unleash Your Inner Beast. ... By mastering your own bodyweight you can build the body you want long term with the added benefit of not just looking strong, ...
Body Weight. Strictly, body weight is the force due to the effect of gravity on body mass, expressed in newtons. Substance ... effects can either reduce or increase body weight. Click on a substance to go to the health effects chapter in the ...
The sugar-free group had less weight gain an... ... normal-weight children received a daily sugar-free, ... A Trial of Sugar-free or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Body Weight in Children ... Infancy weight gain predicts childhood body fat and age at menarche in girls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2009;94:1527-1532 ... A Trial of Sugar-free or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Body Weight in Children. List of authors.*Janne C. de Ruyter, M.Sc., ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. ...
At 11, he became the youngest lifter ever to complete a clean & jerk of twice his body weight (200 […] ... Weighted toe raises are great for strengthening the tibialis anterior muscle (between the knee and ankle), which can help ... As a visionary and outlier, Terry Todd used his passion for writing, weight training and history to shape the Iron Game and its ... Full body photo of Hermann Saxon posing with his arms crossed in front of his chest ...
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... helps some patients achieve and maintain improvements in body weight, mood, and anxiety. ... DBS helps anorexia patients achieve and maintain improvements in body weight, mood and anxiety. *Download PDF Copy ... Tags: Alzheimers Disease, Anorexia, Anorexia Nervosa, Anxiety, Body Mass Index, Body Mass Index (BMI), Brain, Brain ... the team observed that three of the six patients had achieved weight gain which was defined as a body-mass index (BMI) ...
WorkoutsStrength TrainingHome WorkoutsBodyweight ExercisesBodyweight WorkoutsDumbbell ExercisesDumbbell Workouts30-Minute ... Bodyweight and Dumbbell Exercises. The Ultimate Home Workout Guide to the 150 Best Moves, Plus 30-Minute Workout Videos April ...
These Weight Lifting tools are ideal if you wish to stay fit. ... Search from the many wholesale gym weights available for you to ... AlibabaSports & EntertainmentFitness & Body BuildingStrength TrainingFree WeightsWholesale gym weights ... Body Exercise Multifunction Power Rack Gym Fitness Equipment With Weight Bench For Strength Training Home Gym. ... Weight Weighttingting be a is way for stay. shape and building is perfect as it.s not for weight.ting can be done from home, at ...
Subliminal brainwave technology and theta waves tap directly into the subconscious to reprogram your mind and body to embrace ... No matter how many times youve struggled to lose weight, you can do it now. ... Sacred Body is a groundbreaking health and weight loss meditation that combines cutting edge brainwave technology and Theta ... a mindset of true body wisdom that guides you to attain and maintain your ideal weight and discover your most vibrant, vital ...
... : Role model. Read full article. ... This is body positivity! Love it! commented a follower.. I needed to hear this today! Have been struggling with my new body ... Otis revealed that she feared gaining weight, but has learned to accept her body after childbirth. ... My whole life I feared gaining weight. I thought it was one of the worst things that could happen...Ive gained weight since ...
Discover how bodyweight training can get you fit and improve your physique without special equipment. ... Body Weight Training. No-Fuss Bodyweight Training for Muscle and Strength Gains Many people feel that if they arent working ... Body Weight Training. No-Fuss Bodyweight Training for Muscle and Strength Gains Many people feel that if they arent working ... There are Many Benefits to Bodyweight Training Over Traditional Workouts Obviously, bodyweight exercises do not need weights, ...
This weight loss success story is from Tinamarie who was successful at losing 8 pounds of body fat and transformed her body to ... Tinamaries Weight Loss Workouts!. Weight Training:. 2 body parts a day, 3 days on 1 day off. I train to gain muscle. abs are ... I had a decent amount of muscle, but had to lose some body fat. I lost 8 pounds of body fat!. Starting Weight: 126 pounds. ... Weight Loss Stories - Mark Lost 125 Pounds and 10 Inches. Popular January 16, 2018 1 Weight Loss Stories - Linda Lost 190 ...
... A new high-precision feeding system for lab mice ... They further suggest that eating at the wrong time at night will not lead to weight loss even when dieting," says Joseph S. ... Besides affecting weight, scientists believe the timing of food consumption affects ones circadian rhythms and may be the ... alorie plan that ate only during their normal feeding/active cycle were the only ones among five groups to lose weight, despite ...
  • Setmelanotide, an investigational melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) agonist, was associated with significant weight loss and hunger reduction in patients with rare genetic forms of early-onset obesity, according to two phase III clinical trials. (
  • In patients with pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) deficiency obesity, 80% of individuals lost at least 10% of body weight at 1 year. (
  • Writing online in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology , Clément and colleagues also reported that 45% of patients with leptin receptor (LEPR) deficiency obesity lost at least 10% of body weight. (
  • In these two multicentre, phase III trials, the MC4R agonist setmelanotide was associated with significant weight loss and reduction in hunger scores in individuals with POMC or LEPR deficiency obesity after approximately 1 year of treatment," Clément and colleagues wrote. (
  • In a primate model of diet-induced obesity, setmelanotide produced persistent weight loss (-13.5%) over 8 weeks. (
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  • Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by an excess of body weight with excessive/abnormal fat accumulation. (
  • In this sense, the combination of excessive calorie consumption and sedentary practices are the main drivers of weight gain, and, therefore, responsible for the rapid acceleration of the obesity epidemic worldwide 4 . (
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  • Most likely a mix of workouts, from bodyweight to low-impact exercise such as yoga and cardio such as low-intensity steady state (LISS) workouts like walking will keep you hitting your goals and not feeling totally bored in the process. (
  • You can use them as freestanding workouts to concentrate on specific areas of your body or as a great top-to-toe strength training plan. (
  • There are Many Benefits to Bodyweight Training Over Traditional Workouts Obviously, bodyweight exercises do not need weights, so it can appeal to people who are not knowledgeable in fitness and don't want to invest in workout equipment just yet. (
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  • That means that although the low-protein group had gained less weight overall, their gain consisted almost entirely of fat (they also lost about 1.5 lbs. of lean body mass like muscle - which is not a good thing) while the other two groups gained both fat and lean body mass. (
  • People may gain less weight eating less protein, but they're gaining fat at the expense of lean body mass. (
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  • The study is one of the first to look into whether a quick bodyweight workout "can be called high-intensity exercise," said Gabriella Bellissimo, a doctoral candidate at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, who led the new study. (
  • To find out if this bodyweight workout of five exercises was as effective as running at the gym, Bellissimo and her colleagues rounded up 12 healthy, active men and women in their 20s or early 30s. (
  • Overall, the study shows a basic bodyweight workout "can definitely be called high-intensity exercise," Bellissimo said. (
  • Scroll on to get your burning questions answered and an exclusive bodyweight strength training workout from London gym The Foundry's Head of Brand and PT Laura 'Biceps' Hoggins . (
  • Here are a few overlooked bodyweight movements that you can add to your workout today. (
  • Whether you're new to this type of exercise or want to teach others this amazing workout technique, Power Systems has the tools you need to get started with an effective bodyweight training program. (
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  • An at-home bodyweight HIIT workout can get your heart pumping fast without adding the bulk of weights or machines. (
  • This full-body bodyweight HIIT workout uses a circuit format with a 2:1 interval ratio, which means you'll work at a moderate intensity for 2 minutes and then push your body to its limit for 1 minute of bodyweight HIIT. (
  • Keep your abs tight during this entire bodyweight HIIT workout move - this will make it easier to jump your legs in and out. (
  • We asked Alyssa Expósito , certified personal trainer in New York City, to put together a lower-body strength workout that's perfect for a beginner lifter. (
  • While the exercises in this workout primarily target muscles in your lower body, specifically focusing on hip hinging and squatting movements, they also 'focus on the integrity and engagement of the core,' Expósito says. (
  • If you're looking for a full-body workout, Expósito suggests picking two exercises from the workout below and combining them with two exercises from this upper-body workout for beginner weight lifters . (
  • Can you workout without weights and get killer body in 21 minutes? (
  • Weight Training Exercises & Workout Routines to Build Muscle / Burn Fat. (
  • The top lower body exercises below can be performed together as a complete lower-body workout or incorporated into your total-body weight training routine. (
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  • Simply put, resistance training is free- or bodyweight workout that makes you stronger. (
  • 15 bodyweight back exercises to build stronger back- Most of us are planning to do a home workout at home but we do not have any exercises that will target our muscles effectively. (
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  • They further suggest that eating at the wrong time at night will not lead to weight loss even when dieting," says Joseph S. Takahashi, PhD, chairman of neuroscience at UT Southwestern's Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute and investigator with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. (
  • Portillo provides more details about the study: "Specifically, it will be looking at obese people, and the effects on cardiovascular health, weight loss and the maintaining of lost weight will be observed. (
  • Rosi Christensen lost more than 100 pounds over the last year, but really, she's gained so much more.She had a gastric bypass procedure done through Emerson Hospital's Surgical Weight Loss Program eight months ago.Rosi got to a point where she was concerned not only about her health, but her life.She was taking heart medication and had sleep apnea and acid reflux. (
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  • She had a gastric bypass procedure done through Emerson Hospital's Surgical Weight Loss Program eight months ago. (
  • Watch the video above to learn more about Rosi's weight loss journey. (
  • People with BMIs greater than 30 are said to be obese and should be seriously concerned about weight loss and lifestyle control. (
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  • Participants in the low-protein, high-fat group stored more than 90% of their extra calories as fat, and the lack of dietary protein caused their loss of lean body mass. (
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  • Genetics and epigenetics signatures (SNPs, DNA methylation, histone modifications, gene expression profiles, miRNA expression etc…) have been found to modulate the effects of nutritional treatments on weight loss and weight regain (reviewed by Ramos-Lopez et al . (
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  • Studies show that bodyweight exercises can yield maximum results with minimal investment. (
  • Machines, free weights and bodyweight exercises all have benefits, but the latter almost always requires the least amount of time and money. (
  • The treadmill sprints required more oxygen, suggesting they might stress the cardiovascular system and build endurance marginally more than the bodyweight exercises. (
  • We will begin with the basics, these are the basic body weight exercises that most of you may know, you wont know them all but you will of heard of a couple of them I'm sure. (
  • Anyone thinking that you cant build muscle without heaving large weights around is really wrong,to prove that theory if you can do the first exercise on the following list and get up to 3 sets of 8 you will definitely see an increase in the size of you shoulders.What follows is a list of some of the more complex body weight exercises for building muscle. (
  • Can you build strength with bodyweight exercises? (
  • Research published in The American Journal of Epidemiology found that bodyweight 'exercises that can be performed in any setting without equipment yielded comparable results to gym based activities' - a green flag for those beginning their training journey or just feel more comfortable exercising without the need for equipment and people around them. (
  • Is it OK to do bodyweight exercises everyday? (
  • You don't need any weights to work your upper body - just these body-weight shoulder exercises. (
  • There are plenty of exercises you can perform with just your body weight (think: squats, lunges, glute bridges). (
  • Body-weight shoulder exercises , on the other hand, aren't as well-known and require a little creativity. (
  • Closed chain exercises are exercise where one part of your body is fixed to stationary surface. (
  • Many of the exercises you already do are bodyweight exercises. (
  • Although most bodyweight exercises don't use equipment at all, there are some types of equipment that can be useful. (
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  • But the best lower body exercises involve large movements and also challenge your stability and improve core strength. (
  • Bodyweight back exercises target all your upper, middle, and lower back muscles and give you perfect results like the gym. (
  • Before getting started have a look at the benefits of bodyweight back exercises. (
  • Here are some major benefits of bodyweight back exercises . (
  • At-home exercises- You can easily perform these bodyweight back exercises at home. (
  • So these were some benefits of bodyweight exercises. (
  • No. As mentioned in the title they are bodyweight back exercises with no equipment. (
  • Here is a short view of bodyweight exercises that we will cover in this article. (
  • Considered in best bodyweight exercises for the lower back. (
  • One of the best bodyweight back exercises with no equipment. (
  • Expect a warm up, followed by bodyweight exercises in intervals of 20-40 seconds work and 5-15 seconds rest. (
  • When exercising, ectomorphs should limit cardio activities and focus more on lifting weights. (
  • The truth is that you can see gains in mass and strength through bodyweight training-without using any free weights or machines at all. (
  • Obese and overweight mean that your weight is greater than it should be for your health. (
  • BMI does not give any indication of about the location of body fat in an overweight or obese person. (
  • obese is defined in children and adolescents as an age-specific and sex-specific body mass index ≥95th percentile of the 2000 CDC growth chart. (
  • Eating extra calories within a well-balanced diet and treating any underlying medical problems can help to add weight. (
  • To maintain a healthy weight , it is typically necessary to have a healthy diet and a sustained programme of physical activity , both of which require commitment and restraint. (
  • Rats consuming green tea along with a high fat diet gained less body weight and accumulated less fat than animals not supplemented with tea, says a new study. (
  • Bray also points out that based on the amount of protein consumed daily by participants eating the low-protein diet (48 g), overeaters would have to up their intake to 78 g to keep from losing lean body mass. (
  • Traditional approaches such as diet and exercise can work short-term, but people almost inevitably regain the weight . (
  • Trials fulfilled the following criteria: 1) randomised intervention trial, 2) included children (aged ≥ 24 months), young people or adults, 3) randomised to a lower fat versus usual or moderate fat diet, without the intention to reduce weight in any participants, 4) not multifactorial and 5) assessed a measure of weight or body fatness after at least six months. (
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  • Thus, you will eat a larger number of calories than what your body needs. (
  • Body weight will increase if the number of incoming calories is greater than the number of output calories. (
  • To keep your calories in check while still making sure you're nourishing your body, load up half of your plate with vegetables. (
  • Be careful not to add calories to one or two large meals, as your body can't use all of them as fuel to build muscle. (
  • Your fat intake should be about 20% of your daily calories, and you should try to consume 1-1.5 grams of protein per kilogram of body mass. (
  • Wall Walking:Stand with your back to a wall ,then lean back and touch the wall with both your hands then start walking down the wall when you get to the bottom try and walk back up it,This uses most of the muscles in your body. (
  • Lean and athletic structures have less than the normal level of body fat. (
  • It is generally recommended that people retain their body fat levels as close as possible to ' lean ' structures. (
  • When researchers looked more closely at how that excess weight was materializing - using whole-body scanners to gauge changes in the participants' body fat and lean mass - they found that all three groups had gained the same amount of fat, 7.7 lbs. (
  • Also, protein takes a lot more energy for the body to process - whether it's being excreted or put toward building muscle or other lean body mass, which itself requires more energy to maintain - than fat. (
  • Maintaining a healthy, fit, and lean body will never go out of fashion. (
  • [ 22 ] Oxygen consumption was corrected for lean tissue mass (body weight to the power of 0.75). (
  • So what we're doing here is that we are combining the concepts of organic education for the restoration of health, and we are combining that with the concept of obtain a lean and toned body. (
  • Nutritional status for boys and girls showed, respectively, 21.7% and 20.1% overweight, 76.9% and 77.8% normal weight for height, 1.4% and 2.1% underweight. (
  • We summarized the results of 47 studies examining the association of breakfast consumption with nutritional adequacy (nine studies), body weight (16 studies), and academic performance (22 studies) in children and adolescents. (
  • Overweight children and adolescents aged 8-15 years were more likely to report that their weight was 'about right' than report that they were 'overweight,' according to NHANES data for the period 2005-2012. (
  • Sarafrazi N, Hughes JP, Borrud L, Burt V, Paulose-Ram R. Perception of weight status in U.S. children and adolescents aged 8-15 years, 2005-2012. (
  • The figure above is a bar chart showing the weight perception among children and adolescents aged 8-15 years, by sex and body mass index (BMI) in the United States during 2005-2012. (
  • A study of 8,745 women ages 65 to 79 found that those who carried their weight around their hips had tested lower on memory, reasoning and other mental skills than women with big midsections. (
  • Start in a high plank with your hands in line with your shoulders, body in a straight line from head to hips to heels. (
  • Push your hips up toward the ceiling and hold this position, keeping your body as straight as possible. (
  • Keeping the entire front of your body tight, think about "pulling down" with your arms, while pressing your hips up towards the ceiling to lift the whole body as a single unit. (
  • Mediation model examining the association between hours of media use and body mass index (BMI) percentile among adolescent males (8th and 11th grade students) in Texas, 2015-2016. (
  • The researchers, from the National Institute on Ageing, looked at data from a longitudinal study of 1,988 people to determine how personality traits are associated with weight and body mass index . (
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) is a person's weight in kilograms (or pounds) divided by the square of height in meters (or feet). (
  • How Do I Interpret Body Mass Index Information? (
  • For every one point over the woman's normal body mass index, or BMI (a measure of body fat based on height and weight), researchers found a corresponding one point difference in the woman's cognitive test scores compared to women with lower BMI measures. (
  • Mean body-mass index (BMI) was higher than 40 in both groups at baseline. (
  • Strictly, body weight is the force due to the effect of gravity on body mass, expressed in newtons. (
  • For quite some time, the body mass index or BMI has been the accepted form of determining the ideal weight of a person, and the deviation from this ideal weight that needs to be corrected. (
  • The review found that cutting down on the proportion of fat in our food leads to a small but noticeable decrease in body weight, body mass index and waist circumference. (
  • The size of the effect on weight does not alter over time and is mirrored by reductions in body mass index (BMI) (-0.5 kg/m 2 , 95% CI -0.7 to -0.3) and waist circumference (-0.3 cm, 95% CI -0.6 to -0.02). (
  • Logistic regression analysis stratified by gender was used to verify the associations among body weight perception and age, body mass index, waist circumference, pubertal stage and socioeconomic status. (
  • The Body Mass Index should be understood as rough indicator. (
  • The composition of body fat and muscle mass is different for each person. (
  • The objective of this study was to examine the association between number and type of neighborhood food outlets and dietary intake and body mass index (BMI) measures among California adults according to the geographic size of a neighborhood or food environment. (
  • The objective of this study was to examine the associations of number and type of neighborhood food environments with dietary intake and body mass index (BMI) measures by using definitions of "neighborhood" based on various geographic sizes. (
  • Good nutrition and exercise can help in losing weight . (
  • Investigators at the Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the University of Roehampton noticed that some people who enrolled in exercise programs to lose weight did just the opposite: they gained weight. (
  • On another day, the exercise shifted to the five common moves designed to tax the lower body. (
  • Bodyweight strength training is one of the most accessible ways to get into exercise without having to shell out cash money for equipment or gym memberships - your living room floor works perfectly well, thank you very much! (
  • A movement like an overhead dumbbell press is an example of an open chain exercise, because you're moving your body - in this case your arms - through space. (
  • This exercise is a sneaky full body move that works the glutes, core, and shoulders like crazy while working on full-body coordination. (
  • Your tempo for this bodyweight HIIT exercise should be on a 1, 2, 3 count - count one to squat, two to lunge, three to squat, and then stand. (
  • As you complete this bodyweight HIIT exercise, power up as high as you can during the jump. (
  • Bodyweight training, also refered to as calisthenics, is a form of exercise where most movements require large groups of muscles pushing or pulling body weight using minimal equipment. (
  • But more formally, bodyweight training is any type of physical training that uses isometric or isotonic exercise to strengthen or develop muscle. (
  • Bodyweight exercise is the single best tool for improving and maintaining bone density. (
  • In this article, we will share Top 15 bodyweight back exercise which you can easily do at home without any equipment. (
  • If you have any problem related to the spine then this bodyweight exercise is beneficial for you. (
  • And yet, dieting and exercise was always touted as the only real way to lose weight, and I tried and failed off and on for years, ballooning even bigger after every failure until at 5' 5' I topped out at 255 lbs from a starting weight of 140! (
  • Glutamatergic melanocortin-4 receptor neurons regulate body weight. (
  • However, the identity of melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus , PVNVGlut2MC4R and LCVGlut2MC4R regulation of body weight , and axonal projections of LCVGlut2 neurons remain unclear. (
  • I lost 8 pounds of body fat! (
  • As there are really numerous things you can do to shed those undesirable pounds, fast weight reduction, similar to any unexpected change in your body, can be lethal. (
  • Rather follow these weight losing tips to shed off additional pounds soundly and normally. (
  • By becoming so strong and efficient at moving his own body around, this gymnast was able to move extremely heavy weights and make it look easy without having ever lifted weights before. (
  • She wanted to be able to do amazing things with her body and figured that training to pick up super heavy weights was a good place to start. (
  • In other words, some bodies will, unconsciously, work against the conscious effort of exercising to lose weight. (
  • I had a decent amount of muscle, but had to lose some body fat. (
  • What made you decide to lose weight? (
  • What were the most important changes you made to lose weight? (
  • Mice on a reduced -alorie plan that ate only during their normal feeding/active cycle were the only ones among five groups to lose weight, despite consuming the same amount as another group fed during their rest time in daylight, according to the study at University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical Center. (
  • Supplements like Fatburner products can help you lose weight. (
  • Drug research has not yielded a pill that helps people lose weight and keep it off . (
  • This review looked at the effect of cutting down the proportion of energy from fat in our food on body weight and fatness in both adults and children who are not aiming to lose weight. (
  • Drink Black Coffee Without Out Sugar to Lose Weight-Benefits of Black Coffee. (
  • How to lose weight fast before your big day the healthy way. (
  • Want to lose weight fast prior to your big day? (
  • I am here to share programs and products that have helped me lose weight, as well as helpful information, tips and advice. (
  • Irrespective and regardless of age, gender, and gym access, everyone can see and share benefits from resistance and bodyweight / free weight training, since consistent training can and will help you build and add muscles, lose excess weight, reduce common aches & pains, and prevent injury. (
  • medically proven how do you spell dietary foods to eat to lose body fat On Sale n. (
  • It is worth trying to lose weight in advance, so that the woman's body in particular can prepare for the foetus and the child's proper development up to birth. (
  • Can Eating Just Half Of What's On Your Plate Really Help You Lose Weight? (
  • It makes sense in theory-you lose weight if you eat less-but is eating half of your usual really the right way to go about it? (
  • If you fall into this category, you're probably a thin, tall, and frail person who can't lose weight easily. (
  • Body lifts remove any remaining stubborn or excess fat and also deal with the sagging skin. (
  • And with this Pak, you get the added benefit of Slender FX REV, which is designed to target excess fat, and help your body mobilize and metabolize fat stores. (
  • The first problem for a woman who become pregnant will be a significantly higher risk of spontaneous miscarriage if she is overweight - excess body fat adversely affects the hormonal balance, causing, among other things, a reduction in the secretion of FSH, LH, oestradiol, AMH and progesterone necessary to maintain the pregnancy and its normal development. (
  • The term bodyweight simply refers to the fact that you're not using any other equipment to place load onto your muscles, just the weight your body naturally has. (
  • Try this bodyweight HIIT routine and you'll be gasping for breath in no time - all while building stronger muscles from head to toe. (
  • But when it comes to reaching some fitness goals, like building bigger muscles and increasing the amount of weight you're able to lift, you'll need to add external weight. (
  • Back extension with bodyweight will help you transform your back muscles at home. (
  • A good benchmark is to choose a weight with which you can do 15 good reps, but probably no more. (
  • The Human Energy and Body Weight Regulation Core provides metabolic testing for the Metabolic Clinical Research Unit (MCRU) and throughout the NIH Clinical Center. (
  • In additions to the improvements in body weight and decreased fat accumulation for the 2 percent green tea group, the researchers noted that both green tea groups displayed a reduction in digestion of protein of about 17 percent, compared with about 7 percent in the high fat fed animals only. (
  • Low dose oral boric acid intake cause serious body weight reduction. (
  • Greater fat reduction and lower baseline fat intake were both associated with greater reductions in weight. (
  • These are the keys you want all together adhere to your weight reduction plan. (
  • This gymnast had never lifted before but topped out at a 605-pound deadlift and managed to do a pull-up with 115lbs hanging from a weight belt. (
  • Single leg deadlift without weights? (
  • As a visionary and outlier, Terry Todd used his passion for writing, weight training and history to shape the Iron Game and its influence on people throughout the world. (
  • Weight lifting is a great way to stay in shape while building muscle and losing fat. (
  • shape and building is perfect as it.s not for weight.ting can be done from home, at the gym, indoors and outdoors. (
  • Join over 175,000 ShapeFit subscribers who are receiving our free weekly fitness newsletter and learn how you can build more muscle, burn off body fat and get into the best shape of your life! (
  • This is a surgical procedure that can improve the shape, tone, and tightness of particular areas of the body. (
  • She has well shape figure with the weight of 54 kg. (
  • But there are many other ways to work out your body using only your body as resistance. (
  • I'd love to see a series that focuses on using body weight for resistance, using some yoga and Pilates moves. (
  • In diabetic individuals sugar levels are poorly controlled as the body is producing inadequate insulin or there is insulin resistance. (
  • Trials where participants were randomised to a lower fat intake versus usual or moderate fat intake, but with no intention to reduce weight, showed a consistent, stable but small effect of low fat intake on body fatness: slightly lower weight, BMI and waist circumference compared with controls. (
  • He pulled a male gymnast out of practice one day and brought him into the weight room. (
  • Your healthy body weight depends on your sex and height. (
  • What's the Right Weight for My Height? (
  • This is the weight of a person expressed as a ratio of his height. (
  • Simply spoken, the BMI is expressed as the body weight in kgs/the height in sq. meters. (
  • Body weight perception was established by one single question as to what the children thought of their own body weight in relation to their height. (
  • Natalia Verbeke's height is 5 feet 3.5 inches and her body weight is 50 kilograms. (
  • Ideal body weight = the supposed body weight for the Little One based on the current gender and height). (
  • and BODY HEIGHT . (
  • A high BMI can indicate high body fatness. (
  • BMI screens for weight categories that may lead to health problems, but it does not diagnose the body fatness or health of an individual. (
  • BMI is a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people. (
  • This effect of reducing total fat was not consistently reflected in cohort studies assessing the relationship between total fat intake and later measures of body fatness or change in body fatness in studies of children, young people or adults. (
  • We also included cohort studies in children, young people and adults that assessed the proportion of energy from fat at baseline and assessed the relationship with body weight or fatness after at least one year. (
  • We extracted measures of weight and body fatness independently in duplicate at all available time points. (
  • Included cohort studies in children and adults most often do not suggest any relationship between total fat intake and later measures of weight, body fatness or change in body fatness. (
  • Another method, called Bioelectrical Impedance (BEI), measures body fat electronically. (
  • Preeclampsia can cause vision problems, headaches, swelling in the hands and face, premature delivery, and a baby with low birth weight. (
  • Body composition was measured using DEXA (General Electric). (
  • So, this slide shows the weighted infection-induced antibody seroprevalence estimates by age group for September of 2021 for 47 US jurisdictions. (
  • But there are some questions to be answered to: is strength training sans weights worth it and how can you know how much to do per week? (
  • A bodyweight strength training circuit would absolutely contribute to those numbers, but don't go too hard too fast and burn yourself out. (
  • This is a result having an incredibly high strength-to-weight ratio. (
  • Bodyweight strength training is a simple, yet effective method to improve balance, flexibility and strength without added equipment or machines. (
  • Even if you don't want to completely forego exercising with weights and other strength equipment, a bodyweight strength training program can be a great way to add variety to your routine and boost results. (
  • These movements provide an increase in strength and stabilization and challenge the body to move in a different plane of motion. (
  • Pullups: Pullups are a great way to build upper body strength, and they aren't just for gymnasts or athletes. (
  • Besides affecting weight, scientists believe the timing of food consumption affects one's circadian rhythms and may be the route by which dietary habits impact lifespan. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Hunger versus hoarding and body weight in rats. (
  • Intensity can be made harder or easier simply by increasing repetitions or varying the positioning of your body. (
  • When lifting you should aim for lower repetitions by using heavier weights. (
  • The Squat: Standing with your feet slightly wider than shoulder width, slowly lower your self down, keeping your back straight until your thighs are parallel with the floor then slowly raise yourself again, congratulations you have just performed a body weight squat.This heavily targets the legs. (
  • When you squat, you're squatting the weight of your body down towards the ground and working against the force to raise back up to standing. (
  • Body Weight, Dumbbell, or Barbell Squat: Begin with the dumbbell supported on top of the traps. (
  • It is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems. (
  • The majority of science on tea has looked at green tea, with benefits reported for reducing the risk of Alzheimer's and certain cancers, improving cardiovascular and oral health, as well as aiding in weight management. (
  • In a world first, a team of researchers at the Krembil Neuroscience Centre and the University Health Network have shown that Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in patients with chronic, severe and treatment-resistant Anorexia Nervosa (anorexia) helps some patients achieve and maintain improvements in body weight, mood, and anxiety. (
  • With studies revealing new insights into body weight and health issues, people no longer talk about body weight by itself. (
  • Recent developments suggest that the body fat expressed as a percentage of total body weight is a better indicator of health. (
  • Losing weight safely and effectively can be very hard to do, and you should be commended for your accomplishment and your dedication to taking steps to improve your health and your body. (
  • Absorbable: unlike so many products on the market today, we use an exclusive, plant-derived mineral complex from one of the richest resources in the world, which helps your body actually absorb and use nutrients to improve your health. (
  • As you get older and these habits become engrained, you will begin to notice problem areas in your body, and your health will suffer. (
  • Results of search for 'su:{Body weight. (
  • The volunteers also said the bodyweight routine felt more strenuous, although it lasted for the same few minutes as the running. (
  • Substance effects can either reduce or increase body weight. (
  • It can be used safely on all skin types and shades, and has been shown to reduce cellulite, tighten loose skin on both face and body, reduce stubborn areas of fat, and help even out rough or unsightly skin texture. (
  • Reduce patient body weight with single-point suspension for proper gait mechanics. (
  • One must also say that you will not necessarily reduce your weight through fitness training. (
  • Keeping body straight from head to heels (or knees), bend elbows, lowering chest toward the floor. (
  • Raise your hands straight forward and lift your head up such that your upper body rests on your chest. (
  • Do you know if your current weight is healthy? (
  • Neuroimaging has shown that there are both structural and functional differences between anorexia patients and healthy controls in brain circuits which regulate mood, anxiety, reward and body-perception. (
  • However, recently, experts have started pointing out some limitations of the BMI measurement as an ideal tool to determine healthy weight. (
  • As is evident, body fat measurement is a more efficient method of calculating the healthy body weight compared to the BMI. (
  • For the study, led by Dr. George Bray, researchers tested three high-calorie diets in a group of 25 healthy, normal-weight people. (
  • This is why Healthy Body Paks were created. (
  • The ideal proportion of energy from fat in our food and its relation to body weight is not clear. (
  • Food intake and body weight were measured daily. (
  • There's a reason for that: They're simple, they work, and they can be made more challenging by adding weight as you start to get stronger and more comfortable with the movements. (
  • How many pull-ups, pike-ups and pistol squats you can do is a much better predictor of how close you are to your ideal body. (
  • The Little One needs to take a sufficient rest because the body grows optimally when the Little One closes his/her eyes. (
  • All organs must be nourished with proper foods so the body can work optimally. (
  • Body weights were maintained even though the food intake was slightly reduced. (
  • By downloading The Body Coach app you'll have everything you need to get fit, make great food choices and feel amazing - everyday. (
  • It's easy for people with a high metabolism to go out and eat fast food all the time, because it doesn't affect their weight. (
  • Everything was body/food/weight 24/7. (
  • Children breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more food per pound of body weight than adults. (
  • Outcome variables were BMI, weight status of a BMI of 25.0 or more and a BMI of 30.0 or more, and the number of times per week the following were consumed: fruits, vegetables, sugar- sweetened soft drinks, fried potatoes, and fast food. (
  • Here's why: Eating half a muffin is better than eating a whole one, but eating half a muffin still doesn't provide enough nutrients for your body, she explains. (
  • And the thing is that you can build big, strong, functional muscle without even touching a dumbbell, barbell or weight machine. (
  • The fact that these closed chain movements require less body fat in order to be efficient, without sacrificing functional muscle is the perfect set up for building a strong physique long term. (
  • People with personality traits of high neuroticism and low conscientiousness are likely to go through cycles of gaining and losing weight throughout their lives, according to an examination of 50 years of data in a study published by the American Psychological Association . (
  • Especially the weight of objects that people don't usually think about weighing. (
  • It is common for people who undergo a Lapidus Arthrodesis to be non-weight-bearing for 6-8 weeks following the surgical procedure. (
  • By allowing people to bear weight earlier than traditional methods, it is possible that people will have the opportunity to resume typical day-to-day activities faster than usual. (