Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Deuterium Oxide: The isotopic compound of hydrogen of mass 2 (deuterium) with oxygen. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) It is used to study mechanisms and rates of chemical or nuclear reactions, as well as biological processes.Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.Body Fluid Compartments: The two types of spaces between which water and other body fluids are distributed: extracellular and intracellular.Indicator Dilution Techniques: Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Deuterium: Deuterium. The stable isotope of hydrogen. It has one neutron and one proton in the nucleus.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Oxygen Isotopes: Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.Dehydration: The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.Radioisotope Dilution Technique: Method for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of radionuclide into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Potassium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of potassium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. K atoms with atomic weights 37, 38, 40, and 42-45 are radioactive potassium isotopes.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Water-Electrolyte Imbalance: Disturbances in the body's WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Bromides: Salts of hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1- oxidation state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Extracellular Space: Interstitial space between cells, occupied by INTERSTITIAL FLUID as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. For organisms with a CELL WALL, the extracellular space includes everything outside of the CELL MEMBRANE including the PERIPLASM and the cell wall.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Drinking: The consumption of liquids.Skinfold Thickness: The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)Dielectric Spectroscopy: A technique of measuring the dielectric properties of materials, which vary over a range of frequencies depending on the physical properties of the material. The technique involves measuring, over a range of frequencies, ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE and phase shift of an electric field as it passes through the material.Water Deprivation: The withholding of water in a structured experimental situation.Neutron Activation Analysis: Activation analysis in which the specimen is bombarded with neutrons. Identification is made by measuring the resulting radioisotopes. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Urea: A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.Body Surface Area: The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Thirst: A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.Extracellular Fluid: The fluid of the body that is outside of CELLS. It is the external environment for the cells.Body Fluids: Liquid components of living organisms.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Intracellular Fluid: The fluid inside CELLS.Methenamine: An anti-infective agent most commonly used in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Its anti-infective action derives from the slow release of formaldehyde by hydrolysis at acidic pH. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p173)Sodium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain sodium as an integral part of the molecule.Plasma Volume: Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Steroid Metabolism, Inborn Errors: Errors in metabolic processing of STEROIDS resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.Aquaporin 2: Aquaporin 2 is a water-specific channel protein that is expressed in KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS. The translocation of aquaporin 2 to the apical PLASMA MEMBRANE is regulated by VASOPRESSIN, and MUTATIONS in AQP2 have been implicated in a variety of kidney disorders including DIABETES INSIPIDUS.Antipyrine: An analgesic and antipyretic that has been given by mouth and as ear drops. Antipyrine is often used in testing the effects of other drugs or diseases on drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p29)Bromine: A halogen with the atomic symbol Br, atomic number 36, and atomic weight 79.904. It is a volatile reddish-brown liquid that gives off suffocating vapors, is corrosive to the skin, and may cause severe gastroenteritis if ingested.Peritoneal Dialysis: Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Water Loss, Insensible: Loss of water by diffusion through the skin and by evaporation from the respiratory tract.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Water SofteningSodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Chironomidae: A family of nonbiting midges, in the order DIPTERA. Salivary glands of the genus Chironomus are used in studies of cellular genetics and biochemistry.Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory: Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.Ileostomy: Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.Densitometry: The measurement of the density of a material by measuring the amount of light or radiation passing through (or absorbed by) the material.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Plethysmography, Impedance: Recording changes in electrical impedance between electrodes placed on opposite sides of a part of the body, as a measure of volume changes in the path of the current. (Stedman, 25th ed)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Basal Metabolism: Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Blood Volume: Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.Isotope Labeling: Techniques for labeling a substance with a stable or radioactive isotope. It is not used for articles involving labeled substances unless the methods of labeling are substantively discussed. Tracers that may be labeled include chemical substances, cells, or microorganisms.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Hematocrit: The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.Aquaporins: A class of porins that allow the passage of WATER and other small molecules across CELL MEMBRANES.

Acute renal failure caused by nephrotoxins. (1/1766)

Renal micropuncture studies have greatly changed our views on the pathophysiology of acute renal failure caused by nephrotoxins. Formerly, this type of renal insufficiency was attributed to a direct effect of the nephrotoxins on tubule epithelial permeability. According to that theory, glomerular filtration was not greatly diminished, the filtrate formed being absorbed almost quantitatively and nonselectively across damaged tubule epithelium. Studies in a wide variety of rat models have now shown glomerular filtration to be reduced to a level which will inevitably cause renal failure in and of itself. Passive backflow of filtrate across tubular epithelium is either of minor degree or nonexistent even in models where frank tubular necrosis has occurred. This failure of filtration cannot be attributed to tubular obstruction since proximal tubule pressure is distinctly subnormal in most models studied. Instead, filtration failure appears best attributed to intrarenal hemodynamic alterations. While certain facts tend to incriminate the renin-angiotensin system as the cause of the hemodynamic aberrations, others argue to the contrary. The issue is underactive investigation.  (+info)

Lung fluid transport in aquaporin-1 and aquaporin-4 knockout mice. (2/1766)

The mammalian lung expresses water channel aquaporin-1 (AQP1) in microvascular endothelia and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) in airway epithelia. To test whether these water channels facilitate fluid movement between airspace, interstitial, and capillary compartments, we measured passive and active fluid transport in AQP1 and AQP4 knockout mice. Airspace-capillary osmotic water permeability (Pf) was measured in isolated perfused lungs by a pleural surface fluorescence method. Pf was remarkably reduced in AQP1 (-/-) mice (measured in cm/s x 0.001, SE, n = 5-10: 17 +/- 2 [+/+]; 6.6 +/- 0.6 AQP1 [+/-]; 1.7 +/- 0.3 AQP1 [-/-]; 12 +/- 1 AQP4 [-/-]). Microvascular endothelial water permeability, measured by a related pleural surface fluorescence method in which the airspace was filled with inert perfluorocarbon, was reduced more than 10-fold in AQP1 (-/-) vs. (+/+) mice. Hydrostatically induced lung interstitial and alveolar edema was measured by a gravimetric method and by direct measurement of extravascular lung water. Both approaches indicated a more than twofold reduction in lung water accumulation in AQP1 (-/-) vs. (+/+) mice in response to a 5- to 10-cm H2O increase in pulmonary artery pressure for five minutes. Active, near-isosmolar alveolar fluid absorption (Jv) was measured in in situ perfused lungs using 125I-albumin as an airspace fluid volume marker. Jv (measured in percent fluid uptake at 30 min, n = 5) in (+/+) mice was 6.0 +/- 0.6 (37 degrees C), increased to 16 +/- 1 by beta-agonists, and inhibited to less than 2.0 by amiloride, ouabain, or cooling to 23 degrees C. Jv (with isoproterenol) was not affected by aquaporin deletion (18.9 +/- 2.2 [+/+]; 16.4 +/- 1.5 AQP1 [-/-]; 16.3 +/- 1.7 AQP4 [-/-]). These results indicate that osmotically driven water transport across microvessels in adult lung occurs by a transcellular route through AQP1 water channels and that the microvascular endothelium is a significant barrier for airspace-capillary osmotic water transport. AQP1 facilitates hydrostatically driven lung edema but is not required for active near-isosmolar absorption of alveolar fluid.  (+info)

The sodium concentration of enteral diets does not influence absorption of nutrients but induces intestinal secretion of water in miniature pigs. (3/1766)

Contradictory opinions exist as to whether the sodium concentration of enteral diets influences absorption of macronutrients and transepithelial movement of sodium and water. Therefore, we investigated the effects of various sodium concentrations of enteral diets on absorption of macronutrients and on net fluxes of sodium and water. In unanesthetized miniature pigs, a 150-cm jejunal segment was perfused with an oligopeptide (Peptisorb), an oligomeric and a polymeric diet. The polymeric diet was supplemented with pancreatic enzymes. The sodium concentrations varied between 30 and 150 mmol/L. The energy density was 3.4 MJ/L. The sodium concentration of the diets did not influence absorption of macronutrients and of total energy. However, increasing sodium concentrations of the diets were associated with increasing osmolality of the solutions, resulting in a linear increase in net secretion of water and flow rate of chyme. With all diets and sodium concentrations net secretion of sodium occurred. The sodium secretion was independent of the initial sodium concentration of the diets. It was linearly correlated with net flux of water and was largest in miniature pigs infused with the oligomeric diet. The sodium concentration of the jejunal effluent did not correspond to the initial sodium concentration of the diets. The present results indicate that enteral feeding of diets with high energy density inevitably increases net secretion of water and sodium as sodium concentration increases. Therefore, the sodium concentration of diets should be as low as possible to meet only the minimal daily requirement of sodium. Low sodium concentrations of diets have no negative effects on absorption of macronutrients.  (+info)

Renal and hemodynamic effects of losartan in conscious dogs during controlled mechanical ventilation. (4/1766)

In 12 conscious dogs, we investigated whether the angiotensin II-receptor antagonist losartan increases renal sodium excretion and urine volume during controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) with positive end-expiratory pressure. In four experimental protocols, the dogs were extracellular volume (ECV) expanded (electrolyte solution, 0.5 ml. kg-1. min-1 iv) or not and received losartan (100 micrograms. kg-1. min-1 iv) or not. They breathed spontaneously during the 1st and 4th hour and received CMV with positive end-expiratory pressure (mean airway pressure 20 cmH2O) during the 2nd and 3rd hours. In the expansion group, dogs with losartan excreted approximately 18% more sodium (69 +/- 7 vs. 38 +/- 5 micromol. min-1. kg-1) and 15% more urine during the 2 h of CMV because of a higher glomerular filtration rate (5.3 +/- 0.3 vs. 4.5 +/- 0.2 ml. min-1. kg-1) and the tubular effects of losartan. In the group without expansion, sodium excretion (2.0 +/- 0.6 vs. 2.6 +/- 1.0 micromol. min-1. kg-1) and glomerular filtration rate (3.8 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.8 +/- 0.4 ml. min-1. kg-1) did not change, and urine volume decreased similarly in both groups during CMV. Plasma vasopressin and aldosterone increased in both groups, and plasma renin activity increased from 4.9 +/- 0.7 to 7.8 +/- 1.3 ng ANG I. ml-1. h-1 during CMV in nonexpanded dogs without losartan. Mean arterial pressure decreased by 10 mmHg in nonexpanded dogs with losartan. In conclusion, losartan increases sodium excretion and urine volume during CMV if the ECV is expanded. If the ECV is not expanded, a decrease in mean arterial blood pressure and/or an increase in aldosterone and vasopressin during CMV attenuates the renal effects of losartan.  (+info)

Regulation of renal urea transporters. (5/1766)

Urea is important for the conservation of body water due to its role in the production of concentrated urine in the renal inner medulla. Physiologic data demonstrate that urea is transported by facilitated and by active urea transporter proteins. The facilitated urea transporter (UT-A) in the terminal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) permits very high rates of transepithelial urea transport and results in the delivery of large amounts of urea into the deepest portions of the inner medulla where it is needed to maintain a high interstitial osmolality for concentrating the urine maximally. Four isoforms of the UT-A urea transporter family have been cloned to date. The facilitated urea transporter (UT-B) in erythrocytes permits these cells to lose urea rapidly as they traverse the ascending vasa recta, thereby preventing loss of urea from the medulla and decreasing urine-concentrating ability by decreasing the efficiency of countercurrent exchange, as occurs in Jk null individuals (who lack Kidd antigen). In addition to these facilitated urea transporters, three sodium-dependent, secondary active urea transport mechanisms have been characterized functionally in IMCD subsegments: (1) active urea reabsorption in the apical membrane of initial IMCD from low-protein fed or hypercalcemic rats; (2) active urea reabsorption in the basolateral membrane of initial IMCD from furosemide-treated rats; and (3) active urea secretion in the apical membrane of terminal IMCD from untreated rats. This review focuses on the physiologic, biophysical, and molecular evidence for facilitated and active urea transporters, and integrative studies of their acute and long-term regulation in rats with reduced urine-concentrating ability.  (+info)

Physiology and pathophysiology of renal aquaporins. (6/1766)

The discovery of aquaporin membrane water channels by Agre and coworkers answered a long-standing biophysical question of how water specifically crosses biologic membranes, and provided insight, at the molecular level, into the fundamental physiology of water balance and the pathophysiology of water balance disorders. Of nine aquaporin isoforms, at least six are known to be present in the kidney at distinct sites along the nephron and collecting duct. Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) is extremely abundant in the proximal tubule and descending thin limb, where it appears to provide the chief route for proximal nephron water reabsorption. AQP2 is abundant in the collecting duct principal cells and is the chief target for vasopressin to regulate collecting duct water reabsorption. Acute regulation involves vasopressin-regulated trafficking of AQP2 between an intracellular reservoir and the apical plasma membrane. In addition, AQP2 is involved in chronic/adaptational regulation of body water balance achieved through regulation of AQP2 expression. Importantly, multiple studies have now identified a critical role of AQP2 in several inherited and acquired water balance disorders. This concerns inherited forms of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and several, much more common acquired types of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus where AQP2 expression and/or targeting are affected. Conversely, AQP2 expression and targeting appear to be increased in some conditions with water retention such as pregnancy and congestive heart failure. AQP3 and AQP4 are basolateral water channels located in the kidney collecting duct, and AQP6 and AQP7 appear to be expressed at lower abundance at several sites including the proximal tubule. This review focuses mainly on the role of AQP2 in water balance regulation and in the pathophysiology of water balance disorders.  (+info)

Oxygen consumption of cerebral cortex fails to increase during continued vibrotactile stimulation. (7/1766)

The coupling of oxidative metabolism to the blood flow of the sensory motor hand area is uncertain. The authors tested the hypothesis that continued vibrotactile stimulation ultimately must lead to increased oxygen consumption consumption. Twenty-two healthy right-handed young volunteers underwent positron emission tomography (PET) with the [(15)O]water bolus injection method to measure water clearance (K1H2O an index of blood flow (CBF), and with the [(15)O]oxygen bolus inhalation method to measure CMR(O2). The CMR(O2) was measured 30 seconds and 20 minutes after onset of intermittent (1 second on, 1 second off) vibrotactile stimulation (110 Hz) and compared with baseline measurements without stimulation. The K1H2O and CMR(O2) changes (delta K1H2O and delta CMR(O2)) were determined using intersubject averaging, together with magnetic resonance imaging based stereotaxic registration technique. The K1H2O increase was 21 +/- 4% and 12 +/- 4% at 30 seconds and 20 minutes after onset of stimulation, respectively. No significant increase of CMR(O2) was found until 30 minutes after the onset of stimulation. The authors conclude that blood flow and oxidative metabolism undergo uncoupling during sustained phasic stimulation of the sensory hand area. Therefore, neuronal activity stimulated in this manner does not rely on significantly increased oxidative phosphorylation.  (+info)

Changes in the diffusion of water and intracellular metabolites after excitotoxic injury and global ischemia in neonatal rat brain. (8/1766)

The reduction of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of brain tissue water in acute cerebral ischemia, as measured by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, is generally associated with the development of cytotoxic edema. However, the underlying mechanism is still unknown. Our aim was to elucidate diffusion changes in the intracellular environment in cytotoxic edematous tissue. The ADC of intracellular metabolites was measured by use of diffusion-weighted 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy after (1) unilateral N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) injection and (2) cardiac arrest-induced global ischemia in neonatal rat brain. The distinct water ADC drop early after global ischemia was accompanied by a significant reduction of the ADC of all measured metabolites (P < 0.01, n = 8). In the first hours after excitotoxic injury, the ADC of water and the metabolites taurine and N-acetylaspartate dropped significantly (P < 0.05, n = 8). At 24 and 72 hours after NMDA injection brain metabolite levels were diminished and metabolite ADC approached contralateral values. Administration of the NMDA-antagonist MK-801 1.5 hours after NMDA injection completely normalized the water ADC but not the metabolite ADC after 1 to 2 hours (n = 8). No damage was detected 72 hours later and, water and metabolite ADC had normal values (n = 8). The contribution of brain temperature changes (calculated from the chemical shift between the water and N-acetylaspartate signals) and tissue deoxygenation to ischemia-induced intracellular ADC changes was minor. These data lend support to previous suggestions that the ischemia-induced brain water ADC drop may partly be caused by reduced diffusional displacement of intracellular water, possibly involving early alterations in intracellular tortuosity, cytoplasmic streaming, or intracellular molecular interactions.  (+info)

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The bodys water content is tightly regulated and normally varies by no more than about 1% (about 250-500 ml) on a daily basis even under stressful conditions (Cheuvront et al, 2004). This tight regulation reflects the various processes that control the intake and loss of both water and salt on a daily process. A fall in the body water content or an increase in the plasma osmolality will trigger thirst that will, assuming that water or other beverages are available, initiate an increased intake of water to compensate. An increase in body water will normally result in an increased excretion of water by the kidneys, restoring euhydration. Severe disturbances of body water content are relatively rare. Large losses can sometimes be observed to occur in short periods of time: sweat rates during exercise in the heat can exceed 2.5 l/h (Maughan and Shirreffs, 2010) and infectious illness such as cholera can result in water losses in the stools of up to 1 l/h (Harris et al, 2012). Very high intakes can ...
This proposed research would evaluate the effects of environmental stress on measures of hydration, total body water turnover, core temperature, and heat shock protein response during the 2008 Badwater Ultramarathon.. Water turnover offers a dynamic measure of hydration demands by quantifying the magnitude of total body water loss coupled with partial or complete replacement over a given period of time. The unique measure of water turnover is not simply a measure of how much water is consumed and how much water is lost, it is an all inclusive measure of water flux through the human system. A 75 kg reference man contains about 45 L of water (~60% of total body weight). During some of our previous field investigations with wildland fire fighters, Air Force Combat controllers, and Ironman athletes our laboratory has demonstrated 12-24hr water turnover values in the range of 6-18 L (up to 40% of total water volume). Even with this data we have no indication that these activities have stressed the ...
Do you want to lose weight or improve your total health and fitness? Then a Tanita BF-679W Body Fat / Body Water Monitor is the right addition to your routine. A weight scale alone is not enough. This monitor calculates body fat and body water levels using bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA); sending a safe, low-level electrical signal through the body.Using Tanitas exclusive FDA cleared BIA technology, this scale not only measures weight and body fat, it also tells you your body water %. BIA is quick and non-invasive, and is one of the most thorough and reliable ways to measure body composition, clinically comparable to DXA (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry) and hydrostatic (underwater) weighing.The BF-679W features a weight capacity of 300 pounds, it operates for greater than 2 years on four AA batteries (included).
Pulsed proton nuclear magnetic resonance was used to differentiate between normal and malignant tissues. When the tissue water content varied from 80 to 93%, the tumors exhibited spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) from 0.9 to 1.8 sec. We report also the results obtained on 9-day-old embryos and on liver, brain, and heart from 2-day-old rats. A good correlation between the spin-lattice (T1) and spin-spin (T2) relaxation times and the tissue water content was found for all tissues studied. The relaxation times T1 and T2 and water content in Walker 256 carcinoma and its lymph node metastasis were quite similar.
If scientists need to do water changes for their fish, so do you. Weekly water changes are vital to the health and well being of any and all wet pets you have. Unlike in their natural homes, wastes and bad chemicals dont float away from the...
... -Discontinued Sorry, Try Calling 1-866-859-3343. Calculates weight, body fat percentage, body water and placement in healthy range Stores readings for up to two users, plus guest an
remove nitrates. Even if you have some water plants in your pond, it is unlikely that the plants can remove the nitrates at a sufficient rate compared to the amount of food consumed and waste produced by the Koi. Some advanced Koi keepers have explored the use of commercially designed trickle tower system to remove nitrates. These are quite bulky and not inexpensive. Most Koi keepers will resort to partial water changes to remove nitrates.. Besides removal of nitrates and other pollutants, some Koi keepers believe that regular water changes allow their Koi to grow better and healthier as minerals and trace elements useful for Koi growth are replenished through the added water. Koi tends to perk up and become more active after a partial water change.. How to do a water change? How frequently must it be done?. The aim is to maintain a stable pond environment with good water quality for your Koi. Therefore, frequent and regular small amount of water changes of about 10% are preferred over ad hoc ...
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Just Before a Water Change.. The water is being drained out to the garden through a 1/2 hp pump.. this pump doubles up for water circulation as both the subm...
I want to do a water change in my tank because I didnt do one throughout the process and now the sand definitely to be cleaned up on the bottom. What % of...
HELP! 1st Salt Water Change = Killed 2 fish - Hello,Thanks for taking the time to read this post. Here is whats happening...I just set up a 24 gallon tank (nano cube) and have had a high...
I just did about a 65% water change(Trichlor) to lower CYA, that was fun... My pool is Pebbletec Inground After some adjusting I have: CL-4 pH- 7.4 TA - 110 CH - 250
Doing a large water change (i.e. 50%) is not without its drawbacks. Although you are increasing the chance of survival of your fish population, you are also reducing the amount of important nutrients which are needed by beneficial bacteria for growth and multiplication. Doing a large water change will certainly prolong the development of the cycle and you will have to do frequent large water changes for several weeks. This is the reason why it is recommended to complete the cycle before you introduce fish into your new aquarium. You may do water changes 2-3 times a week and carry out ammonia test several times until the underlying problem has been solved ...
What other ways are there to keep my nitrate lvls low aisde form my bi weekly water changes. my lvls are around 10ppm and want it around 5ppm
Escali at Kohls - Measure your weight, body fat and more with this Escali glass body fat and body water digital scale, from Kohls. Model no. BFBW200.
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Experimental design. Participants arrived at the Clinical Research Center at 5 pm and received a standardized dinner containing approximately 684 kcal at 5:30 pm. At 8:00 pm, 10:00 pm, and 12:00 am, volunteers drank 1.6 g/kg body water of 2H2O (99.9%; Sigma-Aldrich), up to a total dose of 5 g/kg body water in order to assess GNG (19) (Figure 9). Body water was assumed to be 60% in all of our male study cohort participants (30). Starting at 5:00 am (defined as time point -180 minutes) of the next day, participants drank 200 ml of water containing 0.5% 2H2O every 60 minutes throughout the experiment to maintain an isotopic equilibrium of body water. At -180, 200, and 400 minutes, participants received an oral dose of acetaminophen (500 mg). For EGP calculation, participants received a 5-minute priming bolus (0.36 mg/kg BW/min × fasting plasma glucose [mg/dl]) of D-[6,6-2H2]glucose (99% enriched in 2H glucose; Cambridge Isotope Laboratories) at -180 minutes, followed by a continuous infusion ...
Article Comply with Highly Regulated Oil in Water Measurements Using Portable Infrared Analyzers. The Petroleum Industry – both offshore and onshore -- has regulations that limit the amount of oil in discharged water. Fixed filter infrared (IR)...
Generally, men can handle more alcohol than women. This is because women are usually smaller, have more body fat and have lower total body water content than men. Also, a womans ability to metabolize alcohol can be affected by her menstrual cycle due to higher levels of estrogen. All of this contributes to higher concentrations of alcohol in a womans system even if she is drinking the same amount as a man.. Other drugs or medications in the ...
As we age, our bodies handle medicines and medical treatments (i.e., surgery) differently than when we were young. This is partly a result of our aging bodies increase in body fat and decrease in body water content and lean body mass. The aging population also begins to use more and more medications at the same time in their lives that they tend to be most vulnerable to the adverse affects from these drugs.
I did a major water change. Several of the female platies were looking very unhappy, so I decided to try a major water change. I changed about 12.5 gallons, probably about 25% of the total water in the tank. I managed to bring the NO2- levels down to between 1 and 3 ppm, down from the "danger" zone to the "stress" zone. Obviously I lowered the NO3- level as well - nothing I could do about that. Hopefully the plants wont mind too much - after all, from what I have read, Fe is the major limiting nutrient ...
A look at total body water, intake, losses, osmolality, water balance and sodium balance, increase and decrease in extracellular fluid volume along with signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Many more topics discussed. ...
The water space in the following sounds strange. What does it mean? Energy and infrastructure capitalization are the two main issues with the most technological solutions to our water problems. With abundant energy, half of this problem is solved..... lets now turn to capitalization. ..... The average microfinance loan in water space is between $200 and $800. Currently the cost of producing a single Slingshot is $100,000. Thank you.
Although changes in the properties and activities of cytoplasm probably explain many of the changes in distribution of body water, at present data are not available which permit a description in these terms. The least we can do is to cease speaking of the distribution of various ions as if they were always excluded from certain phases of body water," Darrow.1 The previous statement is in complete agreement with that of Peters and his associates2 who, as the result of their studies on "Osmotic Adjustments Between Cells and Serum in the Circulating Blood of Man," state: "Analysis of the experimental ...
Note: My body fat number can be lower by up to 3% depending on the time of day. (Maybe it goes up sometimes, too? I havent noticed that yet.) The water number changes a lot also. So you cant read too much in to the numbers, you have to just watch the direction/trend over time ...
I have since bought an API Freshwater Master kit and graduated up from the test strips. one day ago I did about a 25-30 percent water change because (all these water parameters are from the API kit) my nitrates were about 120. After water change, for two consecutive days, they are 5 ppm. Ammo is 0 and nitrites are 0. I know 15 days is short for a cycle, but Im thinking the cycles finished and it fish time. Other points of view please ?
NNR and Hang on Tank Refugium 3/4/07 Dear Sir or Madam: ,Tim! I am the knight who says, fish!, Congratulations on running such a helpful website for us aquarium keepers! Thanks a million! My boys and I have learned a lot from you guys. ,Great!, We have a 75 gallon fish-only saltwater tank with 80 pounds of live rock and about 15 fish of assorted varieties. We have been running this setup for about six months now. We have been plagued by excess nitrate levels. We now have a RO filter for water changes and try to observe best practices, but we still do not have nitrates under control. I am getting sick of expensive water changes (sea salt aint cheap). ,Mmm, no... and tossing/switching it out is not always the best approach to maintaining good water quality..., I think a deep sand bed in our main tank would be very expensive. However, I am considering adding a hang on tank refugium for the sole purpose of NNR. Is this practical? Would it help? How big should it be? ,Will help... bigger the ...
I have to share with people who will understand. :hmm3grin2orange: First indication of 0 ammonia, 0 nitrites, high-ish nitrates. (40-80ppm-ish? We just did a 50% water change 2 days ago.) Its been almost 4 weeks since we started. Of course the first week doesnt really count because I tragically overdosed with ammonia and it took 3 massive water changes to bring it down. But after that, things proceeded just as expected! Wow! This evening Ill dose again with ammonia and see if it
More than 50% of you is water. But how much do you know about this all-important part of your body? Heres a guide on the basics to get you started.
DOSAPPS, is the app that will accompany you in all your water treatments with Coophavet avian products. Thanks to the contribution of our Merial team and partners, DOSAPPS is now available in 6 languages (English, Traditional and simplified Chinese, Thai, Vietnamese and Korean). It contains two functions: · Dosage calculator with all the information you need to know about each Coophavet product. · Water dilution will help you prepare your stock solution of treatment ...
To maximize and sustain power, stay hydrated. As body-water drops, so does aerobic power; by the time youre thirsty youre already about 2% below optimal body water, which can result in an 11% reduction in power output. Individual body-water loss varies among athletes and according to exercise intensity and weather co
I cannot defeat NO3 ! No matter how many water changes, or how long I wait, or how many new filter pads! I have not added any new LR in 2 months, and there are no fish in the system. What could the
Metabolic Effects of Aging - As we age, muscle mass and body water decrease and body fat starts to increase. Learn more about the metabolic effects of aging.
How do I get the detailed instruction manuel for the Taylor Bodyf How do I get the detailed/complete instruction - Taylor 5593 Body Fat/Body Water Scale question
Glucose + sodium chloride infusion is used as a source of carbohydrate to treat loss of sodium from the blood and the body to treat a loss of body water.
Torsemide is used for treatment of edema (swelling) associated with heart, kidney, or liver failure, or conditions when there is excess of body water. buy cheap torsemide
We provide our patients with the most comprehensive body composition testing on the market! • Only takes 17 seconds • Understand your weight • Monitor your fat, lean muscle mass and total body water • Set your goals and track your progress • Receive an easy to read analysis that informs you on where your health stands Experience a cutting-edge bioelectrical impedance analysis with the seca mBCA. Our noninvasive assessment provides an in-depth analysis measuring fat mass, fat-free mass, total body water, intracellular water, extracellular water, and skeletal muscle mass in a rapid 17 seconds. Distinguish between muscle gain and fat loss and understand the real health benefits even when your weight remains the same.
Background: Appendicular skeletal muscle (or lean) mass (ALM) estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is considered to be a preferred method for sarcopenia studies. However, DXA is expensive, has limited portability, and requires radiation exposure. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is inexpensive, easy to use, and portable; thus BIA might be useful in sarcopenia investigations. However, a large variety of models have been commercially supplied by different companies, and for most consumer products, the equations estimating ALM are not disclosed. It is therefore difficult to use these equations for research purposes. In particular, the BIA equation is often age-dependent, which leads to fundamental difficulty in examining age-related ALM loss. The aims of the current study were: 1) to develop and validate an equation to estimate ALM using multi-frequency BIA (MF-BIA) using theoretical models, and 2) to establish sarcopenia cutoff values using the equation for the Japanese
Genetic abnormalities in ion channel structure can lead to a number of diseases that result in altered ionic fluxes and affect the function in renal tubules, excitable tissues (e.g. skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle and nerve) and other ...
View Notes - Nutrition-WATER from NHM 101 at Alabama. Chapter 12 Water & Introduction to Minerals Water in Your Body Intracellular 2/3 of total body water Within the cells High in potassium and
Fat mass does not take up water. It brings with it less water percentage than lean mass and so a person with more fat mass will have relatively less % body water. Additional mass as fat contributed relatively less water than additional mass as lean tissue.. Consider a 50 kg individual who is extremely lean. From your numbers, if this individual is 75% water (will will assume lean tissue is 75% water) that is 50 * .75 = 37.5kg water and 12.5kg nonwater body mass.. Now this 50 kg individual puts on 50 kg of fat. The fat is 10% water (from your numbers) so an additional 10 kg of water. This individual its now 47.5kg water and 52.5 nonwater; since this obese person weighs 100 kg now she has 47.5% water, similar to your example. Suppose instead your 50kg person grew up into a 100 kg performance athlete. Still no fat. She is still 75% water because the lean tissue has 75% water.. It has to do with the % water each type of body mass brings with it. This is with no special knowledge; using just the ...
classified as extracellular. Which of the following forms the greatest extracellular fluid compartment? interstitial. Which fluid compartment is located between the. Your brain and kidneys have the highest proportions of water, which composes The intracellular fluid (ICF) compartment is the system that includes all fluid The ICF makes up about 60 percent of the total water in the human body, and in. The human body and even its individual body fluids may be conceptually divided into various The two main fluid compartments are the intracellular and extracellular compartments. . Hydrocephalus and glaucoma are theoretically forms of third spacing, but the volumes are too small to Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol.. Which of the following is true about interstitial fluid, plasma, lymph, Which of the following forms the greatest extracellular fluid compartment?. Total body water is divided into two major physiologic compartments that have imperfect The extracellular fluid compartment (ECF) makes up the ...
Total Body Water (TBW) is the sum of Intracellular Water (ICW) and Extracellular Water (ECW) and is wholly contained within Fat-Free Mass. Normally, about 73% of Fat-Free Mass is water ...
Water changes are often not understood properly. Newcomers into the hobby are strongly influenced by friends or forums, and its likely that they take their understanding of water changes as their own. The act of water changing is not seen as scientific, when compared to other aspects of the hobby such as the injection of…
Use of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis for estimation of total body water and extracellular and intracellular fluid volumes in horses ...
WATER CHANGES are the key to keeping healthy goldfish. You need to do a regular water change at least every two to three weeks. Change at least 15-20% of your water and remember to age your new water before you put it in your tank (or you can use dechlorinator). Be sure the new water is the same temperature and pH. Scrape off all the algae in your tank and vacuum the gravel with a hydro vacuum. Clean all your filters by swishing them gently in the water you just vacuumed out (if you rinse them in the sink the chlorine will kill the beneficial bacteria your filter cultivates!) Another thing you should do every time you do a water change (or in a new tank, more often than that!) is test the water. Test kits are fairly inexpensive, and they can help you diagnose problems before your fish pay the price! Ammonia is very toxic to fish, and should never be over .5-1 ppm. If it is, do partial water changes until it reaches zero (if youre cycling a new tank, it may get very high - still change the water ...
It is important that periodically you perform a discus fish aquarium water change. As a matter of fact this fish tank maintenance should be performed regularly
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This study investigated the effects of excess cortisol on physiological mechanisms that resist dehydration in Bos indicus steers (n = 31, 2 yr of age, 193 ± 21.47 kg mean BW) during a 90-h period. Steers were assigned randomly to one of four groups: 1) no water/no cortisol (n = 8), 2) water/no cortisol (n = 8), 3) no water/cortisol (n = 8), and 4) water/cortisol (n = 7). Animals allocated to cortisol treatment groups were given 0.1 mg•kg BW-1•h-1 of hydrocortisone suspended in isotonic saline for the duration of the study. Total body water, osmolality, hematocrit, urine output, feed and water intake, and plasma concentrations of arginine vasopressin (AVP), angiotensin II (AII), electrolytes, total protein, and albumin were determined at 24-h intervals for 90 h. In the presence of excess plasma cortisol, total body water was maintained in the presence of a water deprivation insult for 90 h, whereas hydration indices, such as total plasma protein and albumin, did not change, supporting the ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Total Body Sodium Deficit, Total Body Water, Total Body Water Excess, Free Water Deficit, Sodium Infusion Rate in Hyponatremia.
How much of Potassium, K is present in Soup, chicken with dumplings, canned food, prepared with equal water volume in details, quantity how high or low Potassium, K nutrient content it has.
Screening for Developmental Delay , CTFPHCReview Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care guideline on screening for developmental delay ...
How much of Protein is present in Soup, chicken with dumplings, canned food, prepared with equal water volume in details, quantity how high or low Protein nutrient content it has.
Transcellular fluid is the portion of total body water contained within epithelial lined spaces. It is the smallest component of extracellular fluid, which also includes interstitial fluid, lymph and plasma. It is often not calculated as a fraction of the extracellular fluid, but it is about 2.5% of the total body water or 5% of extracellular fluid. Examples of this fluid are cerebrospinal fluid, ocular fluid and joint fluid. Due to the varying locations of transcellular fluid, the composition changes dramatically. Some of the electrolytes present in the transcellular fluid are sodium ions, chloride ions, and bicarbonate ions. There are also varied functions for the trans-cellular fluid. In the joints, it serves a lubrication function, while the urine allows for the removal of electrolytes and molecules from the body. Fluid Physiology: 2.1 Fluid ...
Lithium reduces the ability of the kidneys to reabsorb body water flowing through the kidney collecting ducts. This unabsorbed body water is voided as dilute urine. So much body water is voided in this manner that the patient would suffer from dehydration if he or she did not have ready access to drinking water. To better understand how lithium interferes with the water reabsorption (and resulting urine concentration) process it helps to know the molecular sequence that underlies it. First, the antidiuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP) binds with its vasopressin-2 receptors located in the basolateral membranes of the principal cells of the kidney collecting ducts. This bond stimulates the enzyme, adenylyl cyclase (AC). AC, in turn, elevates the levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) inside the principal cells. cAMP activates protein kinase A (PKA) which, through a series of steps that are not yet entirely clear, induces aquaporin-2s (AQP2s) to travel to the principal cells apical
Learn more here.. The Nutrition Practice also offers a detox plan supervised by our Nutritionist. This will include pre and post consultations, body measurements including BMI, Body Water content, Body Fat percentage and Muscle Mass, Blood Glucose and a cleanse and detox meal plan.. Please contact us if you have any queries on our formula or our assisted detox plan.. Physicians Skin Formula This skin formula is a powerful formula which brings together the ingredients which have been scientifically proven to promote younger, radiant healthy & glowing skin. It consists of the following:. ...
If you're in need of some acute tissue hydration, store your dihydrogen monoxide in one of these. Available in black (44 oz) or white (22 oz), these beauties feature the Aperture logo on one side and a warning about the deadly nature of H2O on the other.
If you're in need of some acute tissue hydration, store your dihydrogen monoxide in one of these. Available in black (44 oz) or white (22 oz), these beauties feature the Aperture logo on one side and a warning about the deadly nature of H2O on the other.
and metabolic reactions in a steady-state model. These models employ a one-dimensional representation of the cornea, do not consider stromal fixed charge or collagen interaction with swelling, and the swelling (i.e. osmotic) pressure is not derived, but assumed as an empirical function of tissue hydration based on measurements by Hedbys & Dohlman [20]. In the important extension by Bryant & McDonnell [21], a spherically symmetric (one-dimensional) steady-state model based on the triphasic theory of Lai et al. [22] was combined with KK theory for passive and active transport across the endothelium. This model describes ionic interaction with fixed charges, fluid interaction with a solid elastic phase and ideal Donnan osmotic pressure. While greatly simplifying the stromal elasticity, this model does capture the full range of interactions in an elegant triphasic framework. The above models are complex, and it is not surprising that they do not agree for all predictions, for example, on the sign of ...
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Where R is the ratio of the heavy to light isotope, u is the unknown or sample, and std is the international standard. The commonly used standard for 2H and 18O in water is Standard Mean Ocean Water (SMOW). A relative abundance of 0 is identical with SMOW, a negative relative abundance indicates less heavy isotope than SMOW, and a positive relative abundance indicates more heavy isotope than SMOW. Recast in per mil units, the natural range of deuterium abundances is 450 to +50 ; and that of 18O is -60 to +50 ; (Figure 8.1).. These natural variations result from the accumulation of isotope effect as these elements are cycled through the hydro and biospheres. Of these natural variations, those of water have the greatest influence on the doubly-labelled water method. This is because water is the major source of hydrogen and oxygen that flows into body water and it has the major influence on the isotopic abundances of 2H and 18O in body water. Water is ingested either as a beverage or as moisture in ...
There is increasing evidence that both diet and body composition can have a significant effect on lung function. In addition, weight itself does not tell us the whole story as body composition (for example, total body water or body fat) may be variable regardless of a childs weight.The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between lung function, body composition and immune/inflammatory factors. Children aged 6-11 years, with and without asthma, will be able to participate. We would like to include children with a variety of body shapes and sizes. To be involved in our study, please contact: [email protected] ...
The treatment of fluid and electrolyte disorders is regarded by many physicians as a hopelessly complex problem; far more complex, for example, than the proper use of digitalis. Does this view arise from the need to add and multiply in designing such treatment, or is it due to the too-many variables ("parameters" in current jargon) that must be taken into account, albeit, variables no greater in number but more accessible to analysis than those present in many other medical problems? Whatever the reason, "salt and water" problems often do seem to be appallingly complex. Hence, since this field has been ...
Water retention can spoil your mood by uncomfortable bloating and body fatigue. To get relief from such situation, RetenixAdvanced helps to remove this excessive buildup of fluid in the circulatory system, body tissues, or cavities in the body to gain well-defined muscles and toned body. These advanced diuretic capsules contain a combination of plant extracts, fruit extracts, vitamin B-6, and essential minerals to regulate both your body water and mineral balance.. Therefore, now you do not have to worry about the vitamins and minerals lost during the outflow of temporary excess body water. Some of these ingredients can also assist in proper kidney function and increase thyroxine levels for a healthy thyroid. Further adding to the capsules benefits, you might also see a considerable amount of weight loss in a safe and natural way.. ...
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Dormancy of Pinot Noir grapevines was characterized. Primary buds required ca 300 cumulative chilling hours (CCH) to initiate the transition from endodormancy to ecodormancy, which occurred in mid November. Additional chilling, up to 1000 CCH, improved budbreak. Changes in bud water content were estimated by gravimetric and spectroscopic methods. Total, intra-, and extracellular water were measured gravimetrically. The total water and the intracellular fraction increased during the ecodormant period. A method to evaluate bud water status by proton-nuclear magnetic resonance was developed. Grape buds present anisotropic behavior. Using this method, water content was partitioned into free and bound fractions. Free water was always larger than bound water. Furthermore, bound water reached its peak in January when ecodormant plants were exposed to colder temperatures. These results support former evidence that bound water is composed of one population with restricted mobility, and another in a ...
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Vitamin B6 deficiency can lead to edema because it involves many aspects of the bodys water balance. A study by the Journal of Caring Sciences shows that vitamin B6 plays an important role in limiting edema. Women who take vitamin B6 supplements during premenstrual syndromes see their condition improve and notice a dramatic decrease in swelling caused by water retention. ...
July 27, 2015 Signs of Dehydration in Dogs Dehydration occurs when the total body water is less than normal. Usually it involves loss of both water and electrolytes, which are minerals such as sodium, chloride and potassium. Dehydration is caused by either a lack of food or water intake or an increase in water loss through illness or […]. →. ...
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in the early hours of March 18, 1982, in Philadelphia... his Silver Spirit Rolls- Royce hit a guardrail and crossed over into the opposite lane before hitting two trees. The impact jammed the doors, trapping the singer and a passenger, Tenika Watson, for almost an hour until both were freed. While Watson was relatively unhurt, Pendergrass, 31, was left partially paralyzed. At the time, the singers license had been suspended for unpaid parking tickets (he had also wrecked a Maserati the previous week). Rumors that alcohol was a factor were later discounted by the police. However, the passenger turned out to be a transsexual nightclub performer whose original name was John Watson. Pendergrass would only say that Watson was a casual acquaintance whom he was giving a ride home. Remarkably, the incident did little damage to the singers reputation. The story faded quickly in those pre-Hard Copy days..." ...
Watson is the self-learning computer that IBM built to take on and beat a human expert in a game of the US quiz show Jeopardy. Watson is a self-learning system that uses advanced analytics and statistical techniques to rapidly analyse vast amounts of information. IBM is working with a leading US cancer hospital to develop a new version of Watson to assist oncologists with cancer diagnosis and treatment.
Fracking may contaminate water supplies in the UK, and may not be possible in some areas due to resource scarcity, the trade body Water UK has admitted. St
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Water is absolutely necessary for survival. It makes up approximately 60% of the human body, with every system depending on water to function properly. Thus, dehydration - or a lack of body water - has widespread repercussions.
The target heart rate is your ideal heart rate, or pulse, during physical activity. Your target heart rate is within 50 to 85 percent of the maximum heart rate, which is the highest heart rate you should have during exercise. Determine your maximum heart rate by subtracting your age from 220. You can monitor your heart rate periodically during exercise by checking your pulse are the wrists, the inside of your elbow, the side of your neck and the top of the foot. To get the most accurate reading, put your finger over your pulse and count the number of beats in 60 seconds. ...
OK... Im losing this battle, probably, because I dont understand the enemy. Ive been struggling with hair algae since I setup my tank. That is partially under control, but I keep getting, what I think are bacteria blooms. This happens every time I change my water. The water also turns cloudy, partially because Im running PhosGuard and had the flow in my reactor turned up too high (I change the media when I do water changes). Can someone please confirm that this is just bacteria? Should I
Salt water has been used by multiple cultures over countless generations to clean wounds and rinse out mouths. Salt has antibacterial and preserving properties when applied in abundance to foods, but its affect on microbes when dissolved and diluted in water is less clear. Salt water changes the pH of …. Read More » ...
I think we shocked the snail when we did a water change last week. Maybe the water was too cold. Anyway, how to tell if he is dead or he went dormant because of the cold water
The West Peak of Mount Watson, surveyed at 6220 feet, has been shown by local climbers to be about 40 feet higher than the East Peak, despite the 6240-foot contour on the East Peak seen on the USGS map of the mountain. So the West Peak is the highest, main summit of Mount Watson. ...
IBM Watson is ushering in a new era of computing. Get ready to rethink how you use data, build knowledge, and make decisions. Cognitive systems like Watson may transform how organizations think, act, and operate in the future. Learning through interactions, they deliver evidence based responses driving better outcomes.
Enjoy the best Lyall Watson Quotes at BrainyQuote. Quotations by Lyall Watson, South African Scientist, Born April 12, 1939. Share with your friends.
Earlier this year, a robot named Watson beat out two long-time champs on the quiz show Jeopardy. The QA computing system built by IBM has since garnered attention from folks within the healthcare industry, and this past September, Watson landed his first full-time gig with WellPoint Inc. Andrew J. Lang gives us five things to know about Watsons role in healthcare.
Anyone have experience with this kind of sore on an African Clawed Frog? I noticed it 2 days ago and it appears to be getting worse. I started with a 70% water change, and treated with aquarium salt, melafix and pimafix. Is there anything else I should look at doing? Hes been flipping around kind of strangely, he moves very quickly like hes panicked so I assume he cant see out of that eye. Hes almost 11 years old in a 30 gallon tank. Ive also removed all most all of his decorations except
Stability by Seachem is ideal for the rapid and safe establishment of Biofilter. Prevent New Tank Syndrome. For optimal bio-filter performance use once a month or with each water change, when introducing new fish and after medication. Also available
I am using a plastic hydrometer... but I do test and retest for better accuracy... Tank reads at 1.023 water changes at 1.025... trying to get...
I have just completed my blackout, getting rid of BGA, most of it has gone but phosphate reading in tank at 5.0. Cannot do water change because
Hello guys! All my plants seems to have nitrogen defficiency but my api test show nitrates at 40 ppm - 80 ppm if i dont make water change. i have 6
I went away for a week and my mum looked after my goldfish and she over feed the tank and it got quite messy. When I got back I did a 50% water change, usually I only do 20 -
My dear friend Dawn is MY fish doctor. When I need advice, shes always the one I call first. Shes been keeping fish for more than thirty years, and she still does it the old fashioned way--by doing frequent water changes
Price $89.99 This monitors body fat, body water, and Bmi for 2 users.Features3 cm 1.2 in. Lcd digital display Platform size 28 cm x 28 cm 11 in. x 11
The kidneys perform several important tasks. Learn about kidney processes and how the kidneys maintain water volume and balance and regulate blood composition.
The Guairá Falls were, until 1982, the largest waterfalls in the world by water volume. With 49 million liters per second, the 18 falls that formed t ...
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Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) and Body Composition Analyse. Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) and Body Composition Analyse.
Terrestrial larvae of B. antarctica tolerated extensive osmotic dehydration when challenged by hyperosmotic seawater. Nearly 50% of the larvae survived a 10-day exposure in ∼1000 mOsm kg-1 seawater, during which the total body water content of the larvae was reduced by∼ 30% to ,1.80 g H2Og-1 DM. Survival declined rapidly during exposure to higher seawater concentrations; however, even in ∼2000 mOsm kg-1 seawater ∼25% of larvae survived a 6-day exposure. As the larvae are known to tolerate an extensive loss of body water, survival during exposure to hyperosmotic seawater is probably not solely dependent on tolerance to dehydration. During desiccation in air, larvae survive the loss of nearly 70% of their body water to ,1.0 g H2Og-1 DM (Benoit et al., 2007). Instead, during seawater exposure, an incurred salt load from the external medium probably contributed to the observed mortality. Inorganic ions, and especially Na+ and Cl-, are well known to disrupt cellular activity by binding to and ...
In biomedical engineering, bioimpedance is a term used to describe the response of a living organism to an externally applied electric current. It is a measure of the oppostion to the flow of that electric current through the tissues, the opposite of electrical conductivity. The measurement of the bioimpedance (or bioelectrical impedance) of the humans and animals has proved useful as a non-invasive method for measuring such things as blood flow (often referred to as bioimpedance plethysmography) and body composition ( known as bioelectrical impedance analysis or simply BIA). In bioimpedance plethysmography, the measure is sometimes based on pulsatile blood volume changes in the aorta. Bioimpedance is relevant to the development of devices to measure cardiac output and circulating blood volume. Electrical conductivity can vary as a result of breathing. Because of this and other sources of variability, the reliability of bioimpedance for obtaining accurate data has been called into question. ...
A preliminary investigation in our laboratory has demonstrated the advantage of using 4-compartment modeling to assess body composition in SCI adults. In comparing body composition analyses techniques in 20 individuals with SCI, we found Total Error to be 8.0% with Dual X-ray Absorptiometry, 8.4% with hydrodensitometry, 11.5% with bioelectrical impedance analysis, and 21.8% with standard skinfold equations when compared to 4-compartment modeling, the currently accepted gold standard for body composition assessment. To date there is no gold standard for the determination of body composition in SCI individuals ...
Hyperkalemia in diabetes is not uncommon, and has been thought to reflect renal retention of potassium. The goal of this study was to test this hypothesis by measuring total body potassium in hyperkalemic diabetic patients and normokalemic diabetic controls. We measured total body potassium (whole body counting of 40K), total body sodium, calcium, and chloride by neutron activation analysis, total body carbon by inelastic neutron scattering, and total body water from the distribution of 3H20.
Gluten is the most important protein component of some grains, notably wheat, rye, and barley, which are the basis for a variety of wheat-derived alimentary products consumed throughout the world (bread, pasta, pizza etc). However the engineering of gluten-containing grains created the conditions for human diseases related to gluten exposure. These forms of gluten intolerance represent a heterogeneous set of conditions, including celiac disease, wheat allergy and gluten sensitivity, that, combined, seems to affect about 10% of the general population. The frequency of not-celiac gluten sensitivity is however still unknown, even though it is possible that this condition have been undiagnosed and under-diagnosed by the physicians for a long time. The immune responsiveness to wheat antigens represents a complex process, and its establishment and maintenance are not completely elucidated. The most frequent diseases caused by wheat ingestion are T cell-mediated disorders, i.e. celiac disease and ...
purpose. To analyze free and total water in human normal and cataractous lenses.. methods. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to determine total water, and differential scanning calorimetry was used for free water.. results. In normal human lenses, the total water content of the nucleus remained unchanged with age, but the state of the water altered. The ratio of free to bound water increased steadily throughout adult life. In a 20-year-old person, there was approximately one bound water molecule for each free water molecule in the lens center, whereas in a 70- to 80-year-old person, there were two free water molecules for each bound water molecule. This conversion of bound to free water does not appear to be simply a consequence of the aggregation of soluble crystallins into high molecular weight aggregates because studies with intact pig lenses, in which such processes were facilitated by heat, did not show similar changes. The region of the lens in which the barrier to diffusion develops at ...
Title: Prediction of Glomerular Filtration Rate From Body Cell Mass and Plasma Creatinine. VOLUME: 1 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Carlo Donadio, Cristina Consani, Michela Ardini, Francesca Caprio, Giulia Grassi and Annalisa Lucchesi. Affiliation:Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, I-56100 Pisa, Italy.. Keywords:glomerular filtration rate, estimate of renal function, plasma creatinine, body composition, electrical body impedance, body cell mass, renal excretion of drugs, renal failure. Abstract: The gold standards for the measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are inulin clearance and radioisotopic methods. However, creatinine clearance is the most used test to evaluate GFR in clinical practice. Its adequacy is questionable, since its repeatability is quite poor, mainly due to errors in the collection of urine. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new method to predict GFR from the body cell mass (BCM) and plasma creatinine (Pcr), avoiding urine ...
Overall there is more water than sodium in the body. The intravascular volume is low because the water will move through a ... Overall there is more sodium than water. The water will move out of the cell toward the intravascular compartment down the ... Retrieved on July 2, 2009 Feldschuh, J; Enson, Y (1977). "Prediction of Normal Blood Volume: Relation of blood volume to body ... For instance, intravascular volume depletion can exist in an adequately hydrated person if there is loss of water into ...
The term "cornflake girl" also appears in the lyrics of the Billy Bragg song "Body of Water" on his 1991 album Don't Try This ... "Lyrics: Body of Water". MTV.com. Hajari, Nisid (July 26, 1996). "Music Capsule Review: Jawbox". Entertainment Weekly. "A ...
I'm the body ... My husband's the water; I'm a fish in it. How can I survive? ... Why should the stone god Vitthal (Vithoba) ... Bahinabai's wisdom can be summed up in her words as: "A woman's body is a body controlled by somebody else. Therefore the path ... Following this, the calf and the cow gave up food and water leading to the former's death. At its burial, Bahinabai fainted and ... "If a woman's body is so harmful, How in this world will I reach Truth?" At times, Bahinabai's abhangas call out to her god ...
Russian State Water Body Registry. Entry on Nalchik (in Russian) Северо-Кавказские новости. Берега реки Нальчик требуют ...
... Body of Water. Exhibition catalogue. San Francisco, Pasquale Iannetti Galleries, 1993, 48 pp., ill. PALOSCIA, ... His passion for architecture and water is obvious. From his scenes of Venice canals to the streets of San Francisco, Sassone ... as well as in the exhibition Body Politic at the San Francisco Arts Commission Gallery and Issue of Choice at the Los Angeles ... a painting of deep blue water, a brown hill and a violent purple sky - all done with an agitated brush, elicit a fervent ...
... splendid landlocked body of water ... fir ... perfect lumber ... lumber and shingle mills ... Clams, crabs and shrimp ... ... Hoquiam is also home to dozens of species of migratory birds that nest along the water's edge during the milder months. Anton ... is water. Hoquiam experiences a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb) that borders closely on an oceanic ...
Cope, O; Moore, FD (1947). "The redistribution of body water". Ann Surg. 126: 1016. doi:10.1097/00000658-194712000-00013. Cope ...
... splendid landlocked body of water ... fir ... perfect lumber ... lumber and shingle mills ... Clams, crabs and shrimp ... ... is water. Griffiths-Priday Ocean State Park Lake Sylvia State Park Ocean City State Park Pacific Beach State Park Twin Harbors ...
"It had evidently been a long time in the water, and the body had on thick clothing and oil cloth pants." The case was called ... "Body Found in the Water". The New York Times. August 22, 1861. Retrieved January 17, 2013. "The Case of the Chinaman Jackalow ... The body was shown to the Leetes' sister for identification, and a portion of the clothing was sent to his mother in Guilford ... Other items included a small pine box, suspected to be the captain's money box, that had been broken open, but no bodies or ...
The water body (0.147 bill. m³) only changes every 100 years. The town Arendsee and the municipality Schrampe are situated on ...
Their body contains 97% water. They are small organisms, having a maximum body length of roughly 7-12 centimetres (3-5 in) and ... Mnemiopsis have a lobed body that is oval-shaped and transparent, with four rows of ciliated combs that run along the body ... The species overwinters in the deep waters where temperature does not drop below 4 °C (39 °F); the fact that the Baltic is ... The most likely cause of its introduction is accidentally by merchant ships' ballast water. The first Black Sea record was in ...
"Water Body Records for Matagorda Bay". Texas Parks and Wildlife. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. May 4, 2010. Retrieved 15 ... Every second, approximately 150 cubic meters (40,000 U.S. gal) of water flows into the bay. The exchange with the Gulf of ...
"Water Body Records for Cibolo Creek". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. March 1, 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2010. Climate ... A wide variety of fish and other wildlife are known to occupy the waters, and several parks have been established along its ... Just ahead of its entry into Boerne, the stream is dammed to form Boerne City Lake, which provides drinking water for the ... The Cibolo Nature Center claims 1,300 acres (5.3 km2; 2.0 sq mi) of the watershed, to protect the water quality from the ...
"Water Body Records for Hondo Creek". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. December 1, 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2010. "An ... The initially broken waters of the stream travels through limestone benches and steep slopes until the land flattens near ... Of the two captured, one was never seen again and the other's mutilated body was found several days later. According to Texas ...
"Water Body Records for Salado Creek". Texas Parks and Wildlife. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. March 1, 2010. Retrieved ... In March 2001, the San Antonio Water System's Salado Creek WRC began using recycled water to help the creek flow regularly for ... Cut off from the larger body of their men and surrounded, they surrendered after a brief skirmish, which resulted in the Dawson ...
"Water Body Records for Aransas Bay". Texas Parks and Wildlife. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. January 7, 2010. Archived ... Fresh water flows also arrive from the impact of the Guadalupe River on San Antonio Bay. Combined, the fresh water influence is ... Sansom, Andrew (2008). Water in Texas: An Introduction. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. pp. 134-138. ISBN 978-0-292- ... At first, Rockport was intended as a deep-water port, but after a series of mishaps, Aransas Pass was selected when deepening ...
"Река Парень" [Paren' River] (in Russian). Russian Federation National Water Body Registry. Retrieved December 13, 2016. ...
Submarine - under a body of water. Supershear - rupture propagates faster than seismic shear wave velocity. Tsunami - triggers ... Hydrology - the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets. Physical oceanography - ... especially the motions and physical properties of ocean waters. List of geophysicists American Geophysical Union Canadian ...
"Detailed Water Body Report-Rock Creek". Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks Department. Retrieved 2011-11-06. "Rock Creek". ...
... was the only major water body in Portland that met state water quality standards for bacteria, temperature and ... A small population of coastal cutthroat trout resides in the stream, which in 2005 was the only major water body in Portland ... Water shortages and pollution led to a shift in the water supply from sources within the city to the Bull Run River in the ... Bureau of Environmental Services (2008). "Streams & Water Bodies". Willamette Subwatersheds: Balch. City of Portland. Archived ...
"Washoe Lake". Bodies of Water. Nevada Department of Wildlife. Retrieved January 19, 2017. "Ophir Creek". Geographic Names ... Much of the water from the Steamboat Creek/Washoe Lake Watershed is diverted for irrigation use. Like the rest of the region in ... Pelicans, night and great blue herons can be found on the waters of the lake. Washoe Lake is fed by several small streams which ... Washoe Lake is a warm water fishery and provides a habitat for Sacramento perch, white bass, channel catfish, brown bullhead ...
"Water Body Records for Corpus Christi Bay". Texas Parks and Wildlife. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. May 4, 2010. ... The bay was also the site of the 2008 U.S. Wind and Water Open, as well as the Texas International Boat Show in 2008, 2009 and ... "2008 Wind & Water Open makes Waves with Fans". KIII TV3 - News, Sports, Weather. Corpus Christi. May 10, 2008. Archived from ... Every second, approximately 34 cubic meters (9,000 U.S. gal) of water flows into the bay. The exchange with the Gulf of Mexico ...
"Water Body Records for San Antonio Bay". Texas Parks and Wildlife. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. March 1, 2010. ... It consists mainly of the combined waters of the San Antonio and Guadalupe rivers, and is located at the mouth of the Guadalupe ... Every second, approximately 116 cubic meters (31,000 U.S. gal) of water flows into the bay. The exchange with the Gulf of ... There is very little seawater exchange, with most of the bay's waters coming from the freshwater flows of the converged San ...
... means "body of water" in Kenyan. The pieces are called imbalavali which translates to "water bugs" as the pieces move ... quickly on the board as water bugs do on the surface of a lake. To create a '3 in-a-row' of one's pieces running through the ...
... curse entering body like water); 121:7 (the Lord keep you); 134:3 (the Lord bless you); 141:2 (incense). Philo. Allegorical ... But Rabbi Joshua told them that they should not drink water either, for there was no longer a ceremony of the pouring of water ... If she had broken faith with her husband, the water would cause her belly to distend and her thigh to sag, and the woman was to ... The nazirite replied that he was a shepherd for his father and once he went to draw water from a well and gazed upon his ...
... is fairly accessible compared to other water bodies in the Catskill region ... Rybaak, Spider. Fishing Eastern New ... Nearing, Brian (April 28, 2009). "Invasive algae found in third water body". Albany Times-Union. Hearst Corporation. Archived ... Above the reservoir, its water quality is closely monitored, not only for its role in the city's water supply but to preserve ... to fill up its bed with the red clay that clouds the waters of the stream in high water and floods. More recently in geologic ...
His body found below Red Tarn some months later by a shepherd, his body still being guarded by his Irish Terrier, Foxey. Nearby ... The Irish Terrier's body is proportionately longer than that of the Fox Terrier, with a tendency toward racy lines but with no ... The tail should start up quite high, but it should not stick straight up or curl over the back or either side of its body. The ... Irish Water Spaniel. *Irish Wolfhound. *Kerry Beagle. *Kerry Blue Terrier. *Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier ...
Water also flows from her lower body. These many representations of water led Caso to declare this to be a representation of ... Spiders and butterflies appear on the vegetation and water drips from its branches and flows from the hands of the Great ... For example, the mural from Tepantitla shows water dripping from her hands while in the tableau under her portrait mortals swim ... water, war, and possibly even creation itself. To the ancient civilizations of Mesoamerica, the jaguar, the owl, and especially ...
The percentages of body water contained in various fluid compartments add up to total body water (TBW). This water makes up a ... The usual way of adding water to a body is by drinking. Water also enters the body with foods, especially those rich in water, ... In physiology, body water is the water content of an animal body that is contained in the tissues, the blood, the bones and ... A known dose of deuterated water (Heavy water, D2O) is ingested and allowed to equilibrate within the body water. The FA-MS ...
A body of water or waterbody[1] (often spelled water body) is any significant accumulation of water, generally on a planets ... Bodies of water that are navigable are known as waterways. Some bodies of water collect and move water, such as rivers and ... Phytotelma - a small, discrete body of water held by some plants.. *Pool - various small bodies of water such as a swimming ... The term body of water can also refer to a reservoir of water held by a plant, technically known as a phytotelma. ...
Lake - a body of water, usually freshwater, of relatively large size contained on a body of land. Loch - a body of water such ... Bodies of water that are navigable are known as waterways. Some bodies of water collect and move water, such as rivers and ... A body of water or waterbody (often spelled water body) is any significant accumulation of water, generally on a planets ... The term body of water can also refer to a reservoir of water held by a plant, technically known as a phytotelma. Bodies of ...
Water just helps your to clean your system It keeps you hydrated.Exercises and healthy quality eating help you burn the fat. ... Water has a lot of other benefits but it does not help you to burn the fat. ... Is water burns fats in body? Is water burns fats in body?. ... Does sweating burn body fat? No, sweating is just the bodys ... What are the foods that can burn body fat? There are no foods that can burn body fat. To reduce body fat you must eat less ...
... diseases related to water, global water, safe water for sanitation and hygiene, other uses of water, and how to make water safe ... including drinking water, swimming / recreational water, recreational water illnesses, ... Education and information about body washing and its relation to hygiene and healthy water, ... running water (if available). Good body washing practices can prevent the spread of hygiene-related diseases. ...
... safe water, sanitation, and immunizations), and education. ...
This body of water has been selected as a great place to fish and boat with your family and friends because it offers ... Boating Basics How to Boat Boating and Water Safety Choose Your Boat Use our Boat Explorer Tool Get on the Water View All ... There are no suggested marinas on this body of water. Think were missing one? Let us know ... Please let us know if this Body of Water has any issues or needs attention. ...
This body of water has been selected as a great place to fish and boat with your family and friends because it offers ... Boating Basics How to Boat Boating and Water Safety Choose Your Boat Use our Boat Explorer Tool Get on the Water View All ... Please let us know if this Body of Water has any issues or needs attention. ... The northern pike is a holarctic species, meaning that it occurs around the world in northern, or Arctic waters. ...
Water (land type); Water areas; Water body; Water spreading; Wetlands (land type); Wetland losses; Wind erodibility group; Wind ... A Water body is a type of (permanent open) water area that includes ponds, lakes, reservoirs, bays or gulfs, and estuaries. ... Large water bodies; Marine System; Marshland; Mines, quarries, and pits; Minor land cover/uses; Mud flat; Open canopy short ... Small water bodies; Soil erodibility factor; Soil erodibility index; Soil loss tolerance factor ; Soil survey; Stream (land ...
Thiamin, or vitamin B 1 , is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a role in energy production (through the synthesis of adenosine ... ATP is the major source of energy that the human body utilizes to do work.) Thiamin is found in abundance in foods such as lean ...
How are you enjoying your experience with Blue Body of Water?. Log in to rate this theme ... Blue Body of Water by Chess. Install state for Blue Body of Water is unknown.. ...
... consultants have called on Congress to create an administrative and a regulatory body responsible for nationwide water concerns ... National Economic and Development Authority and the National Water Resources Board along with private-sector ... Nationwide regulatory body for water pushed. ASEAN+ March 25, 2019 01:00 ... 2017-2022 states that the primary strategy for the water sector is to address the governance and to create that apex water body ...
Her debut novel, THE BODY IS WATER, was a finalist for the 1996 Earnest Hemingway foundation/PEN Award for First Fiction and an ... to water. And in this chaotic season of growth Jane will try to piece together the puzzle of her familys history--searching ...
Reuters) - Body parts believed to be from the same woman have been found at two water treatment plants in the Los Angeles area ... Reuters) - Body parts believed to be from the same woman have been found at two water treatment plants in the Los Angeles area ... "That human torso appears to be related to the other body parts that were found Saturday in Carson," Rosson said. The body, ... The body may have entered in one piece and been torn apart as it moved through the system, he said. ...
Pages in category "Bodies of water of Lebanon". The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. This list may not ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Bodies_of_water_of_Lebanon&oldid=756623599" ...
Were picking up bodies from water. BBC News UP NEXT. * Nancy Pelosi Says Attorney General Barr Lied to Congress. The Wall ... Were picking up bodies from water. Duration: 00:45 8/5/2015. ...
... aquatic facets of water lotus and a hint of marine saltiness give this light moisturiser an irresistibly fresh feel. ... 2018 The Body Shop International Limited ® A registered trademark of The Body Shop International Limited ™ A trademark of The ... 2018 The Body Shop International Limited ® A registered trademark of The Body Shop International Limited ™ A trademark of The ... This light moisturiser will hydrate and scent your skin with the sparkling zest of mandarin aquatic facets of water lotus and a ...
Public Water Body Regulations. Click on the map below to see special fishing regulations for an individual water body. Creel ... Creel limits for Bream, Black Bass, Crappie, Striped Bass, and Striped Bass Hybrids in waters shared with adjacent states shall ...
... s body was pulled from the water near Holiday Hill Marina in Anne Arundel County on Wednesday night, fire officials said, ... A mans body was pulled from the water near Holiday Hill Marina in Anne Arundel County on Wednesday night, fire officials said ... The fire department was called about a man in the water near the marina, in the 3900 block of Callawasse Road in Mayo, about 8: ... Upon arrival, firefighters went to pier 6, where they found and removed the body of an unidentified male from the creek. The ...
... the body in the Providence River off Collier Point Park on Saturday afternoon after someone reported seeing it in the water. ... Medical examiners are trying to identify a body that was discovered in waters off a Providence city park. First responders ... Body Found in Water Near Providence Park Police said it wasnt clear who the person was, how they died or how long the body was ... Police said it wasnt clear who the person was, how they died or how long the body was in the water. ...
... will spend his day advocating the need to save water and promote rainwater harvesting in the housing societies and educational ... "As we have the time and experience, we would like to help the civic body in creating awareness about the initiative. It will ... Mumbai, March 2 -- From next week, Worli resident Sharad Dicholkar, 66, will spend his day advocating the need to save water ... Sitaram Kunte, municipal commissioner, said, "Water is a scarce resource that needs to be conserved. At a time when several ...
cloud 1,409field 1,682grass 1,630mountain 2,212rock 829sky 5,319tree 6,642water 6,546 ...
... spotted the approximately 8-month-old boy wearing only diapers in the shallow water near the Manhattan shoreline at a... ... Authorities are investigating the death of a baby who was found floating in the water near the Brooklyn Bridge on Sunday.A ... Police: Babys body pulled from water near Brooklyn Bridge. Authorities investigate the death of a baby boy who was found ... "She just called me over and said there was a baby in the water. I called 911. At that point I thought it was a doll," Campbell ...
... how long hiv can survive in water, with a wealth of fact sheets, expert advice, community perspective, the latest news/research ... The Body is a service of Remedy Health Media, LLC, 750 3rd Avenue, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10017. The Body and its logos are ... Sewer water could contain hiv?. Hi, Im from Argentina so excuse me for my bad english, the other day I was on a familiar hotel ... HIV is not known to be transmitted to you when your body has contact with the environment. HIV is only known to be transmitted ...
... could not immediately provide details but confirmed that a call was received from the hospital reporting a body in the water, ... A body was pulled from the Patapsco River near Harbor Hospital Wednesday afternoon. Fire officials ... not immediately provide details but said that a call was received around noon from the hospital reporting a body in the water. ... A body was pulled from the Patapsco River near Harbor Hospital Wednesday afternoon, fire officials confirmed. ...
  • Former environment secretary Elisea Gozun, who facilitated the summit, noted that the Philippine Development Plan 2017-2022 states that the primary strategy for the water sector is to address the governance and to create that apex water body, referring to the department. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Los Angeles indie-gospel act Bodies Of Water's sophomore album A Certain Feeling is out next week. (stereogum.com)
  • Release Date:06/21/2011;Notes:Since Bodies of Water's last record, 2008's 'A Certain Feeling,' much has happened to them travels throughout N. Ameri. (musiciansfriend.com)
  • Release Date:06/21/2011;Notes:Since Bodies of Water's last record, 2008's 'A Certain Feeling,' much has happened to them travels throughout N. America in their stalwart motor-home, the departure and arrival of various band members, the unexpected notoriety of core duo David & Meredith's crypto-disco trio 'Music Go Music,' and the construction of their drafty yet dependable home studio. (musiciansfriend.com)
  • Considering that our bodies are almost two-thirds water, it is important to understand water's role in healthy lifestyles. (bottledwater.org)
  • Text about the body of water's location. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rich and creamy Water Flower & Sea Salt Goat Milk Body Lotion by Dionis, with regular use, will ease rough skin and make it smooth and silky without leaving a greasy residue. (ulta.com)
  • In India, partially or untreated sewage is the biggest source of deterioration of surface or groundwater quality and is responsible for 70% of the pollution in streams and water bodies. (livemint.com)
  • The environment ministry has decided to make sewage collection and transport mandatory across India in a measure aimed at stopping the discharge of untreated sewage into water bodies and groundwater. (livemint.com)
  • These countries, Zimbabwe, India, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Cuba and Mexico, have developing economies and a growing national awareness of the importance of environment-friendly fish production from inland water bodies as common denominators. (fao.org)
  • Although individual countries vary in average life-span years, the average number of years has increased due to increases in intake of nutritious food, primary health care (including safe water, sanitation, and immunizations), and education. (faqs.org)
  • Ramon Alikpala, former chair of MWSS and former executive director of NWRB, said that while there was fragmented regulatory framework, water supply and sanitation was not a priority of local chief executives. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Alikpala's support for a national department and regulator for water supply and sanitation was echoed by former agriculture secretary William Dar-who is now president of the advocacy group Inang Lupa -and Christopher Ilagan, president of Philippine Water Partnership, which is also a non-profit group. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Access to water is vital - not only for drinking, but also for agriculture, energy and sanitation. (esa.int)
  • At the Millennium Summit in 2000 and at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002, world leaders recognized the importance of freshwater and committed themselves to a clear and time-bound agenda for protecting the world's current and future water resources, promoting sanitation and addressing environment issues. (un-documents.net)
  • A man's body was pulled from the water near Holiday Hill Marina in Anne Arundel County on Wednesday night, fire officials said, though a cause of death has not been announced. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Seattle police Harbor Patrol officers pulled a man's body out of the water Friday afternoon near the Shilshole Bay Marina, and police say it could be the swimmer who disappeared Aug. 21 while swimming at nearby Golden Gardens Park. (seattlepi.com)
  • Before the study, the prevailing hypothesis had been that the charged sodium and chloride ions in salt grabbed onto water molecules and dragged them into the urine. (eurekalert.org)
  • Airborne pollutants such as carbon soot and fly ash attract and accumulate water vapor molecules from the surrounding air. (prweb.com)
  • The ionized water is similar to the alkaline water that comes off a natural glacier which molecules are hexagonally-structured and micro-clustered, which means it penetrates your cells much easier than regular water. (peninsulaclarion.com)
  • Contrary to the well-known stimulating effect on humans, caffeine slows down the movement of water molecules. (phys.org)
  • The role of the authority, which was first set up in 2002, after passing the MWRRA Act, has become crucial in wake of the irrigation scam and disputes over water distribution during scarcity. (hindustantimes.com)
  • In certain regions of the world, water scarcity is caused by population growth, climate conditions and increasing climate variability, economic development or urbanisation. (esa.int)
  • Atmospheric conditions such as temperature, air quality and humidity (atmospheric water vapor), Kleyne notes, can affect: (1) The rate at which water evaporates from the skin surface into the air. (prweb.com)
  • The purpose of perspiration, in contrast, is body temperature regulation. (prweb.com)
  • To mitigate the health effects of temperature, humidity fluctuations, and air pollution on the human body microenvironment, Kleyne suggests several proactive strategies. (prweb.com)
  • While these guidelines attempt to dictate how much water should be consumed, there is no existing recommendation for the optimal temperature of the water. (elsevier.com)
  • In order to better understand how water temperature influences the body, investigators had subjects exercise in 88° F air temperatures (with 50% relative humidity) for three hours. (elsevier.com)
  • There were no differences in rectal temperature, heart rate, physiological strain index, skin temperature, sweat loss, or rating of perceived exertion during three hours of exercise in the heat when participants were provided half the volume of fluid in the form of the ice slurry in comparison to ambient temperature water," said Dr. Ruby. (elsevier.com)
  • Consuming ambient temperature water did not improve the physiological or thermoregulatory responses compared to the one-half volume ice slurry/water mixture," noted Dr. Ruby. (elsevier.com)
  • Previous studies have pointed to cold water as being a more effective method of hydration, but this new information reveals that temperature may be as important as volume. (elsevier.com)
  • Just let these sit in the water overnight at room temperature and you'll have your infused water ready. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Daily temperature variation in a natural shallow water body. (wur.nl)
  • Buried in many water agencies' quality reports amongst a dizzying list of chemical names is a little-observed statement that the source of the "contaminant" fluoride is "discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories. (fluoridealert.org)
  • TC bacteria counts for abattoir effluents exceeded recommended limit for discharge into surface water in Nigeria. (hindawi.com)
  • And if you struggle with consistency and often feel bloated or uncomfortable, you probably need to chug that water bottle ASAP. (rd.com)
  • A man is holding a water bottle. (livestrong.com)
  • Built to last, our new 520ml Body Power Hydration Water Bottle is ideal for keeping you hydrated as you go about your day, whether it be at home, at work, or pushing through that all important training session. (fitness-superstore.co.uk)
  • Paired with its smart black and red Body Power design, our low-density polyethylene (LDPE), BPA free bottle is complete with a polypropylene (PP) lid and a thermoplastic rubber (TPR) pull-out spout for optimum convenience. (fitness-superstore.co.uk)
  • Packaged in a glass spray bottle, the water features fragrances of fruits, jasmine, cedar and musk, and can be used after showering to awaken the skin and provide instant freshness. (skininc.com)
  • The real interest in the simulation, however, was that it provided an environment in which every aspect of a person's nutrition, water consumption, and salt intake could be controlled and measured. (eurekalert.org)
  • BottledWaterOrg Want to increase your daily water intake, but just don't know how? (bottledwater.org)
  • This is achieved by drinking at least eight glasses of water a day, in addition to all other fluid intake. (prweb.com)
  • Winter is harsh for skin due to less water intake, which makes the skin dead, dry, itchy and prone to rashes. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Buying a fishing license, respecting other anglers, practicing catch and release, being mindful of water conservation, keeping the environment around us clean and fishing responsibly are just some of the ways you can participate. (takemefishing.org)
  • For, Dicholkar and other aged representatives across the city's 24 wards have been assigned the task of creating awareness of the Brihamumbai Municipal Corporation's water conservation drive. (yahoo.com)
  • This results in the conservation of body water and decreased urine production. (livestrong.com)
  • NAGPUR: It seems the seriousness of the Central and State government about conservation of environment and water bodies lie only on papers. (indiatimes.com)
  • The Water Resources Management Division of the Department of Environment and Conservation performs routine water sampling to measure the physical and chemical parameters of select water bodies in Newfoundland and Labrador. (environmental-expert.com)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/wise-wfd/significant-pressures-affecting-surface-water-bodies or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • Many different glands (such as the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal, and parathyroid) as well as organs (such as the kidneys) secrete hormones, which travel through the bloodstream and exert their influence on body parts away from their origin. (answers.com)
  • Salt was triggering a mechanism to conserve water in the kidneys. (eurekalert.org)
  • Insufficient water in the body causes the liver to do extra work that the kidneys normally do, states APEC Water. (reference.com)
  • It also secretes a hormone that alerts the kidneys to conserve more water instead of excreting it in the urine. (livestrong.com)
  • If your kidneys work well, approximately half of the fluoride you ingest goes out in your urine, but the remaining half is stored - cumulatively and potentially harmfully - in your body. (fluoridealert.org)
  • A family visiting from Stillwater, Oklahoma, spotted the approximately 8-month-old boy wearing only diapers in the shallow water near the Manhattan shoreline at about 4 p.m. (nationalpost.com)
  • The Sentinel-2 mission's frequent revisits over the same area and high spatial resolution allow changes in inland water bodies and the coastal environment to be closely monitored. (esa.int)
  • This chapter provides an overview of inland fisheries, with special emphasis on small water bodies, in seven selected countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. (fao.org)
  • therefore, the fish yield optimization from small inland water bodies is considered an important developmental activity. (fao.org)
  • Many developing countries have realized that it is wiser to encourage culture-based fisheries or extensive aquaculture in their inland water bodies which are more compatible to the traditional practice of sharing nature's wealth among many, even if it means that less income is generated. (fao.org)
  • Cataracts from a lifetime of staring at the reflective surface of the water have blinded him to his art. (longitudebooks.com)
  • Here it is basically the complete exploitation of the feeding niches in the water body as examplified by the mixing of surface feeders, some depending predominantely on phytoplankton (silver carp), some on zooplankton (Catla), columinn feeders (rohu), bottom feeders (common carp and mrigal), feeders of aquatic (grass carp) and predators (snakeheads). (fao.org)
  • One frequently overlooked effect of climate change is the health impact on our personal body surface microenvironment (the environment immediately surrounding the body). (prweb.com)
  • The water in perspiration comes from the blood, not the skin surface. (prweb.com)
  • Pollution can also pull water directly out of the skin and eye surface. (prweb.com)
  • Water affects the pH (acid-alkaline balance) on the skin's surface, Kleyne notes. (prweb.com)
  • Blooms can form when cyanobacteria, which are bacteria that grow in water, multiply quickly and form "scums" or "mats" on the surface of the water. (mass.gov)
  • With its 13 spectral channels, the mission's novel imager can capture water quality parameters such as the surface concentration of chlorophyll, detect harmful algal blooms, and measure turbidity (or water clarity) - giving a clear indication of the health and pollution levels. (esa.int)
  • A body only moves with the tide after gases in it build up and it rises to the surface, he said. (baltimoresun.com)
  • In humans, total body water can be estimated based on the premorbid (or ideal) body weight and correction factor. (wikipedia.org)
  • How long can humans survive without water? (welt.de)
  • Several species belong to the Cryptosporidium and Giardia genus, the main parasitic protozoa occurring in water, but only some of them are infectious to humans. (environmental-expert.com)
  • A large part of our body's energy comes from a compound called ATP, Adenosine-Tri-Phosphate, which is produced during the osmotic flow of water through the cell membrane to generate hydroelectric energy. (healthynewage.com)
  • Carbonated water does not impede the body's ability to burn fat effectively. (livestrong.com)
  • Lam's body was discovered by a worker at the Cecil Hotel checking out complaints of weak water pressure, police said. (latimes.com)
  • Bio-Logic Aqua® Research Water Life Science® Founder Sharon Kleyne will discuss the human body microenvironment and proactive management on her Sharon Kleyne Hour™ Power of Water® radio show of April 18, 2016. (prweb.com)
  • However, some of the substances that are made when chlorine in the water reacts with compounds in human sweat, urine or dirt aren't so refreshing. (phys.org)
  • The worst environment for the human body, as far as hydration, according to Kleyne, is high humidity, high temperatures and no air movement. (prweb.com)
  • High temperatures cause the body to perspire. (prweb.com)
  • With high temperatures and low humidity, Kleyne explains, there is less perspiration but greater evaporation of water from skin and eyes. (prweb.com)
  • Warmer temperatures increase molecular movement in water, accelerating the evaporation rate. (prweb.com)
  • The responses from the interviews were compared with cyanobacteria counts from water samples collected at the freshwater bodies on the day the participants were first interviewed. (mass.gov)
  • We investigated the occurrence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and identified their species in the water samples collected from natural water bodies in north-western Poland. (environmental-expert.com)
  • HIV is not known to be transmitted to you when your body has contact with the environment. (thebody.com)
  • The small amounts we ingest accumulate in our bodies and can cause bone cancer, thyroid disease, kidney damage and joint pain. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Our blood, the very substance of our existence is more than 83% water and flows throughout our body distributing nutrients, oxygen and antibodies on demand where ever needed. (healthynewage.com)
  • To get a better understanding of stable isotopes characteristics and indications in lake ice bodies, ice and water were sampled during the icebound season in both the ice and water bodies in Dali Lake, and deuterium, oxygen-18 total nitrogen (TN), and the major ions were analyzed. (environmental-expert.com)
  • One molecule of oxygen and two of hydrogen and you have the mystical component of all life as we know it: Water. (peninsulaclarion.com)
  • Significance and Use 5.1 This test method describes a rapid method to determine the maximum quantity of oxygen that may be consumed by impurities in water. (environmental-expert.com)
  • MANTECH's chemical oxygen demand (COD) analyzer is breaking new ground in the science of monitoring source and treated drinking water. (environmental-expert.com)
  • In addition to providing 15-minute COD results and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) estimates, MANTECH's PeCOD® Analyzer measures natural organic matter (NOM) in raw and treated drinking water. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The aim of this study is to examine the potential of adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) to estimate biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). (environmental-expert.com)
  • The state has invited applications for a chairperson and four other experts for the committee, which is an apex authority for regulating all water resources in the state, clearing irrigation projects, ensuring equitable distribution of water according to an integrated plan and deciding water tariffs. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The body, which detectives said might be that of a Hispanic woman, would have entered the system either through a manhole cover or a sewer line, he said. (yahoo.com)
  • Sewer water could contain hiv? (thebody.com)
  • Police believe a woman's body was dumped in a sewer or manhole somewhere in Los Angeles. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • The Times says a worker at the Cecil Hotel on Main Street discovered the body of Elisa Lam, 21, about 10 a.m. while responding to a complaint about low water pressure, sources said. (ktla.com)
  • There can be considerable variation in body water percentage based on a number of factors like age, health, weight, and sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The information provided through The Body should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. (thebody.com)
  • When the body does not receive a sufficient amount of water, it reuses existing water so that it can regulate essential health functions. (reference.com)
  • The body reuses the available water for critical health aspects, such as brain function, filtering toxins, transporting nutrients, balancing electrolytes and organ lubrication. (reference.com)
  • This document outlines a protocol for evaluating potential health concerns related to the presence of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) in Massachusetts recreational freshwater bodies. (mass.gov)
  • Cyanobacteria, under the right conditions, can multiply quickly and pose a health risk to those coming into contact with the water. (mass.gov)
  • Information on their health and recreational water-related activities was collected. (mass.gov)
  • At this level, the WHO recommends that there should be notification to inform individuals about possible health risks associated with contacting the water. (mass.gov)
  • From the most basic standpoint it is a common sense equation, if we are made up of 72% plain water, then naturally the quality of the water we consume will have a very dramatic impact on our overall state of health. (healthynewage.com)
  • Flavouring water with fresh fruits, fragrant herbs and vegetables can be immensely -beneficial for your health. (hindustantimes.com)
  • A small study by Howard Carter of the University of Western Australia School of Sport Science suggests that immersing the body in water to the level of the heart increases blood flow through the brain's cerebral arteries, thus improving vascular health and cognitive function. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • The research team will also further examine whether water workouts "greatly improve" vascular health and cognitive function. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • It's very interesting to see the difference in the waters we drink and understand the health benefits that can result from the water our machines produce," he said. (peninsulaclarion.com)
  • That's less obvious to those of us who don't have a clear understanding of the role hormones play in the human body-or how even tiny amounts of agrichemical and industrial compounds can disrupt those hormones, wreaking havoc with our health. (organicconsumers.org)
  • The Americans were so used to the colder climate, that they werent prepared for a climate change, which effected their health, bodies, and survival. (answers.com)
  • was observed between bacterial counts of abattoir effluents and receiving water bodies 100 m downstream: an indication of contamination of receiving water bodies by abattoir effluents and possible public and environmental health hazards. (hindawi.com)
  • Such contamination of water bodies from abattoir wastes could constitute significant environmental and public health hazards [ 10 - 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Bacteria from abattoir waste discharged into water columns can subsequently be absorb to sediments, and when the bottom stream is disturbed, the sediment releases the bacteria back into the water columns presenting long-term health hazards [ 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Albert said there are tides in the water where the boater went missing in Middle River, but drowning victims' bodies generally sink and stay in the general vicinity of where the drowning occurred for some time. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Tides are minor fluctuations in the levels of large bodies of water as a result of gravitational pull of celestial bodies. (answers.com)
  • Drainage basin - a region of land where water from rain or snowmelt drains downhill into another body of water, such as a river, lake, or reservoir. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term body of water can also refer to a reservoir of water held by a plant, technically known as a phytotelma . (wikipedia.org)
  • Often used for flood control , as a drinking water supply (reservoir), recreation, ornamentation (artificial pond), or other purpose or combination of purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The opposition has also grilled the state government several times about mining reject being dumped in the Selaulim water reservoir, which in turn was affecting the dam's catchment area. (thaindian.com)
  • Alikpala, who now runs his own consultancy firm Futurewater Asia, also lamented that water was used as a political commodity. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Perspiration cools because rapid water evaporation causes a loss of heat energy. (prweb.com)
  • Water heats and cools more slowly than land. (answers.com)
  • As we have the time and experience, we would like to help the civic body in creating awareness about the initiative. (yahoo.com)
  • Criticizing the government and the civic body, veteran social activist Umesh Choubey told TOI that the proposals may be termed as a decade old. (indiatimes.com)
  • As usual, the civic body submitted the revised proposal only few days ago. (indiatimes.com)
  • On the status report of construction of household toilets, community toilets and public toilets, the L-G directed deputy commissioners of the three civic bodies to ensure time-bound quality construction. (financialexpress.com)
  • Locals wanted to drain the flooded quarry but were told that doing so would pose a threat to their water supply. (listverse.com)
  • And yet, locals in this water-starved city have clung to this definition of "river" because they've got nothing else that even comes close. (gadling.com)
  • What are the fat burning hormones in your body? (answers.com)
  • The reluctance of physicians to prescribe supplemental doses of testosterone and HGH is due to the fact that it may be best if our bodies reduce production of both hormones. (answers.com)