Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fats: The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Beriberi: A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) and characterized by polyneuritis, cardiac pathology, and edema. The epidemic form is found primarily in areas in which white (polished) rice is the staple food, as in Japan, China, the Philippines, India, and other countries of southeast Asia. (Dorland, 27th ed)Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: An acquired disorder characterized by recurrent symptoms, referable to multiple organ systems, occurring in response to demonstrable exposure to many chemically unrelated compounds at doses below those established in the general population to cause harmful effects. (Cullen MR. The worker with multiple chemical sensitivities: an overview. Occup Med 1987;2(4):655-61)Thiamine Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)Thiamine: 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.Preservatives, Pharmaceutical: Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Parenteral Nutrition: The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).LebanonEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.

Acute renal failure caused by nephrotoxins. (1/1766)

Renal micropuncture studies have greatly changed our views on the pathophysiology of acute renal failure caused by nephrotoxins. Formerly, this type of renal insufficiency was attributed to a direct effect of the nephrotoxins on tubule epithelial permeability. According to that theory, glomerular filtration was not greatly diminished, the filtrate formed being absorbed almost quantitatively and nonselectively across damaged tubule epithelium. Studies in a wide variety of rat models have now shown glomerular filtration to be reduced to a level which will inevitably cause renal failure in and of itself. Passive backflow of filtrate across tubular epithelium is either of minor degree or nonexistent even in models where frank tubular necrosis has occurred. This failure of filtration cannot be attributed to tubular obstruction since proximal tubule pressure is distinctly subnormal in most models studied. Instead, filtration failure appears best attributed to intrarenal hemodynamic alterations. While certain facts tend to incriminate the renin-angiotensin system as the cause of the hemodynamic aberrations, others argue to the contrary. The issue is underactive investigation.  (+info)

Lung fluid transport in aquaporin-1 and aquaporin-4 knockout mice. (2/1766)

The mammalian lung expresses water channel aquaporin-1 (AQP1) in microvascular endothelia and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) in airway epithelia. To test whether these water channels facilitate fluid movement between airspace, interstitial, and capillary compartments, we measured passive and active fluid transport in AQP1 and AQP4 knockout mice. Airspace-capillary osmotic water permeability (Pf) was measured in isolated perfused lungs by a pleural surface fluorescence method. Pf was remarkably reduced in AQP1 (-/-) mice (measured in cm/s x 0.001, SE, n = 5-10: 17 +/- 2 [+/+]; 6.6 +/- 0.6 AQP1 [+/-]; 1.7 +/- 0.3 AQP1 [-/-]; 12 +/- 1 AQP4 [-/-]). Microvascular endothelial water permeability, measured by a related pleural surface fluorescence method in which the airspace was filled with inert perfluorocarbon, was reduced more than 10-fold in AQP1 (-/-) vs. (+/+) mice. Hydrostatically induced lung interstitial and alveolar edema was measured by a gravimetric method and by direct measurement of extravascular lung water. Both approaches indicated a more than twofold reduction in lung water accumulation in AQP1 (-/-) vs. (+/+) mice in response to a 5- to 10-cm H2O increase in pulmonary artery pressure for five minutes. Active, near-isosmolar alveolar fluid absorption (Jv) was measured in in situ perfused lungs using 125I-albumin as an airspace fluid volume marker. Jv (measured in percent fluid uptake at 30 min, n = 5) in (+/+) mice was 6.0 +/- 0.6 (37 degrees C), increased to 16 +/- 1 by beta-agonists, and inhibited to less than 2.0 by amiloride, ouabain, or cooling to 23 degrees C. Jv (with isoproterenol) was not affected by aquaporin deletion (18.9 +/- 2.2 [+/+]; 16.4 +/- 1.5 AQP1 [-/-]; 16.3 +/- 1.7 AQP4 [-/-]). These results indicate that osmotically driven water transport across microvessels in adult lung occurs by a transcellular route through AQP1 water channels and that the microvascular endothelium is a significant barrier for airspace-capillary osmotic water transport. AQP1 facilitates hydrostatically driven lung edema but is not required for active near-isosmolar absorption of alveolar fluid.  (+info)

The sodium concentration of enteral diets does not influence absorption of nutrients but induces intestinal secretion of water in miniature pigs. (3/1766)

Contradictory opinions exist as to whether the sodium concentration of enteral diets influences absorption of macronutrients and transepithelial movement of sodium and water. Therefore, we investigated the effects of various sodium concentrations of enteral diets on absorption of macronutrients and on net fluxes of sodium and water. In unanesthetized miniature pigs, a 150-cm jejunal segment was perfused with an oligopeptide (Peptisorb), an oligomeric and a polymeric diet. The polymeric diet was supplemented with pancreatic enzymes. The sodium concentrations varied between 30 and 150 mmol/L. The energy density was 3.4 MJ/L. The sodium concentration of the diets did not influence absorption of macronutrients and of total energy. However, increasing sodium concentrations of the diets were associated with increasing osmolality of the solutions, resulting in a linear increase in net secretion of water and flow rate of chyme. With all diets and sodium concentrations net secretion of sodium occurred. The sodium secretion was independent of the initial sodium concentration of the diets. It was linearly correlated with net flux of water and was largest in miniature pigs infused with the oligomeric diet. The sodium concentration of the jejunal effluent did not correspond to the initial sodium concentration of the diets. The present results indicate that enteral feeding of diets with high energy density inevitably increases net secretion of water and sodium as sodium concentration increases. Therefore, the sodium concentration of diets should be as low as possible to meet only the minimal daily requirement of sodium. Low sodium concentrations of diets have no negative effects on absorption of macronutrients.  (+info)

Renal and hemodynamic effects of losartan in conscious dogs during controlled mechanical ventilation. (4/1766)

In 12 conscious dogs, we investigated whether the angiotensin II-receptor antagonist losartan increases renal sodium excretion and urine volume during controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) with positive end-expiratory pressure. In four experimental protocols, the dogs were extracellular volume (ECV) expanded (electrolyte solution, 0.5 ml. kg-1. min-1 iv) or not and received losartan (100 micrograms. kg-1. min-1 iv) or not. They breathed spontaneously during the 1st and 4th hour and received CMV with positive end-expiratory pressure (mean airway pressure 20 cmH2O) during the 2nd and 3rd hours. In the expansion group, dogs with losartan excreted approximately 18% more sodium (69 +/- 7 vs. 38 +/- 5 micromol. min-1. kg-1) and 15% more urine during the 2 h of CMV because of a higher glomerular filtration rate (5.3 +/- 0.3 vs. 4.5 +/- 0.2 ml. min-1. kg-1) and the tubular effects of losartan. In the group without expansion, sodium excretion (2.0 +/- 0.6 vs. 2.6 +/- 1.0 micromol. min-1. kg-1) and glomerular filtration rate (3.8 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.8 +/- 0.4 ml. min-1. kg-1) did not change, and urine volume decreased similarly in both groups during CMV. Plasma vasopressin and aldosterone increased in both groups, and plasma renin activity increased from 4.9 +/- 0.7 to 7.8 +/- 1.3 ng ANG I. ml-1. h-1 during CMV in nonexpanded dogs without losartan. Mean arterial pressure decreased by 10 mmHg in nonexpanded dogs with losartan. In conclusion, losartan increases sodium excretion and urine volume during CMV if the ECV is expanded. If the ECV is not expanded, a decrease in mean arterial blood pressure and/or an increase in aldosterone and vasopressin during CMV attenuates the renal effects of losartan.  (+info)

Regulation of renal urea transporters. (5/1766)

Urea is important for the conservation of body water due to its role in the production of concentrated urine in the renal inner medulla. Physiologic data demonstrate that urea is transported by facilitated and by active urea transporter proteins. The facilitated urea transporter (UT-A) in the terminal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) permits very high rates of transepithelial urea transport and results in the delivery of large amounts of urea into the deepest portions of the inner medulla where it is needed to maintain a high interstitial osmolality for concentrating the urine maximally. Four isoforms of the UT-A urea transporter family have been cloned to date. The facilitated urea transporter (UT-B) in erythrocytes permits these cells to lose urea rapidly as they traverse the ascending vasa recta, thereby preventing loss of urea from the medulla and decreasing urine-concentrating ability by decreasing the efficiency of countercurrent exchange, as occurs in Jk null individuals (who lack Kidd antigen). In addition to these facilitated urea transporters, three sodium-dependent, secondary active urea transport mechanisms have been characterized functionally in IMCD subsegments: (1) active urea reabsorption in the apical membrane of initial IMCD from low-protein fed or hypercalcemic rats; (2) active urea reabsorption in the basolateral membrane of initial IMCD from furosemide-treated rats; and (3) active urea secretion in the apical membrane of terminal IMCD from untreated rats. This review focuses on the physiologic, biophysical, and molecular evidence for facilitated and active urea transporters, and integrative studies of their acute and long-term regulation in rats with reduced urine-concentrating ability.  (+info)

Physiology and pathophysiology of renal aquaporins. (6/1766)

The discovery of aquaporin membrane water channels by Agre and coworkers answered a long-standing biophysical question of how water specifically crosses biologic membranes, and provided insight, at the molecular level, into the fundamental physiology of water balance and the pathophysiology of water balance disorders. Of nine aquaporin isoforms, at least six are known to be present in the kidney at distinct sites along the nephron and collecting duct. Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) is extremely abundant in the proximal tubule and descending thin limb, where it appears to provide the chief route for proximal nephron water reabsorption. AQP2 is abundant in the collecting duct principal cells and is the chief target for vasopressin to regulate collecting duct water reabsorption. Acute regulation involves vasopressin-regulated trafficking of AQP2 between an intracellular reservoir and the apical plasma membrane. In addition, AQP2 is involved in chronic/adaptational regulation of body water balance achieved through regulation of AQP2 expression. Importantly, multiple studies have now identified a critical role of AQP2 in several inherited and acquired water balance disorders. This concerns inherited forms of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and several, much more common acquired types of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus where AQP2 expression and/or targeting are affected. Conversely, AQP2 expression and targeting appear to be increased in some conditions with water retention such as pregnancy and congestive heart failure. AQP3 and AQP4 are basolateral water channels located in the kidney collecting duct, and AQP6 and AQP7 appear to be expressed at lower abundance at several sites including the proximal tubule. This review focuses mainly on the role of AQP2 in water balance regulation and in the pathophysiology of water balance disorders.  (+info)

Oxygen consumption of cerebral cortex fails to increase during continued vibrotactile stimulation. (7/1766)

The coupling of oxidative metabolism to the blood flow of the sensory motor hand area is uncertain. The authors tested the hypothesis that continued vibrotactile stimulation ultimately must lead to increased oxygen consumption consumption. Twenty-two healthy right-handed young volunteers underwent positron emission tomography (PET) with the [(15)O]water bolus injection method to measure water clearance (K1H2O an index of blood flow (CBF), and with the [(15)O]oxygen bolus inhalation method to measure CMR(O2). The CMR(O2) was measured 30 seconds and 20 minutes after onset of intermittent (1 second on, 1 second off) vibrotactile stimulation (110 Hz) and compared with baseline measurements without stimulation. The K1H2O and CMR(O2) changes (delta K1H2O and delta CMR(O2)) were determined using intersubject averaging, together with magnetic resonance imaging based stereotaxic registration technique. The K1H2O increase was 21 +/- 4% and 12 +/- 4% at 30 seconds and 20 minutes after onset of stimulation, respectively. No significant increase of CMR(O2) was found until 30 minutes after the onset of stimulation. The authors conclude that blood flow and oxidative metabolism undergo uncoupling during sustained phasic stimulation of the sensory hand area. Therefore, neuronal activity stimulated in this manner does not rely on significantly increased oxidative phosphorylation.  (+info)

Changes in the diffusion of water and intracellular metabolites after excitotoxic injury and global ischemia in neonatal rat brain. (8/1766)

The reduction of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of brain tissue water in acute cerebral ischemia, as measured by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, is generally associated with the development of cytotoxic edema. However, the underlying mechanism is still unknown. Our aim was to elucidate diffusion changes in the intracellular environment in cytotoxic edematous tissue. The ADC of intracellular metabolites was measured by use of diffusion-weighted 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy after (1) unilateral N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) injection and (2) cardiac arrest-induced global ischemia in neonatal rat brain. The distinct water ADC drop early after global ischemia was accompanied by a significant reduction of the ADC of all measured metabolites (P < 0.01, n = 8). In the first hours after excitotoxic injury, the ADC of water and the metabolites taurine and N-acetylaspartate dropped significantly (P < 0.05, n = 8). At 24 and 72 hours after NMDA injection brain metabolite levels were diminished and metabolite ADC approached contralateral values. Administration of the NMDA-antagonist MK-801 1.5 hours after NMDA injection completely normalized the water ADC but not the metabolite ADC after 1 to 2 hours (n = 8). No damage was detected 72 hours later and, water and metabolite ADC had normal values (n = 8). The contribution of brain temperature changes (calculated from the chemical shift between the water and N-acetylaspartate signals) and tissue deoxygenation to ischemia-induced intracellular ADC changes was minor. These data lend support to previous suggestions that the ischemia-induced brain water ADC drop may partly be caused by reduced diffusional displacement of intracellular water, possibly involving early alterations in intracellular tortuosity, cytoplasmic streaming, or intracellular molecular interactions.  (+info)

  • Major fluctuations can indicate a potentially serious health issue such as dehydration from losing too much water or edema - retaining water-which can be caused by a number of factors such as kidney disease, certain medications, or congestive heart failure. (ivyhealthlabs.com)
  • Glucose + sodium chloride infusion is used as a source of carbohydrate (sugar) to treat loss of sodium from the blood and the body (sodium depletion) to treat a loss of body water after being sick or having diarrhea (extracellular dehydration) to treat you, if the volume of blood in your blood vessels is low (hypovolaemia). (advacarepharma.com)
  • Your body water can be found inside not only in your blood, but in your muscles, your fat, your organs, and inside every cell in your body. (inbodyusa.com)
  • Our health water line supports the needs of your skin and fitness goals, while naturally boosting your metabolism and supporting your skin (largest Organ). (vetstoreusa.com)
  • your overall weight can be 45-65% due to total body water, depending on age, gender, and fitness level. (inbodyusa.com)
  • The weight of a person greatly affects the distribution of alcohol throughout the body. (csbsju.edu)
  • In its simplest form, calculating a person's BAC level is based on how much alcohol went into what kind of body over a period of how much time. (csbsju.edu)
  • BIA is quick and non-invasive, and is one of the most thorough and reliable ways to measure body composition, clinically comparable to DXA (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry) and hydrostatic (underwater) weighing. (tanita.com)
  • The Ivy Health body analysis scale makes it possible for you to collect important data about the condition of your body which you can share with your healthcare provider as a way to monitor your health and prevent problems before they occur. (ivyhealthlabs.com)
  • Establishing a regular exercise routine which emphasizes strength training and eating more protein at each meal can help reduce muscle loss and body water as you get older. (ivyhealthlabs.com)
  • Former environment secretary Elisea Gozun, who facilitated the summit, noted that the Philippine Development Plan 2017-2022 states that the primary strategy for the water sector is to address the governance and to create that apex water body, referring to the department. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • EWG scientists reviewed the Love Beauty and Planet Luscious Hydration Body Lotion, Coconut Water & Mimosa Flower product label collected on October 15, 2019 for safety according to the methodology outlined in our Skin Deep Cosmetics Database. (ewg.org)
  • NEST Fragrances' Ocean Mist & Coconut Water Body Lotion is a lightweight, fast-absorbing lotion that softens and smoothes skin while replenishing natural moisture and providing long-lasting fragrance. (ulta.com)
  • A man's body was pulled from the water near Holiday Hill Marina in Anne Arundel County on Wednesday night, fire officials said, though a cause of death has not been announced. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Seattle police Harbor Patrol officers pulled a man's body out of the water Friday afternoon near the Shilshole Bay Marina, and police say it could be the swimmer who disappeared Aug. 21 while swimming at nearby Golden Gardens Park. (seattlepi.com)
  • Los Angeles indie-gospel act Bodies Of Water's sophomore album A Certain Feeling is out next week. (stereogum.com)
  • Release Date:06/21/2011;Notes:Since Bodies of Water's last record, 2008's 'A Certain Feeling,' much has happened to them travels throughout N. Ameri. (musiciansfriend.com)
  • Release Date:06/21/2011;Notes:Since Bodies of Water's last record, 2008's 'A Certain Feeling,' much has happened to them travels throughout N. America in their stalwart motor-home, the departure and arrival of various band members, the unexpected notoriety of core duo David & Meredith's crypto-disco trio 'Music Go Music,' and the construction of their drafty yet dependable home studio. (musiciansfriend.com)
  • Considering that our bodies are almost two-thirds water, it is important to understand water's role in healthy lifestyles. (bottledwater.org)
  • Text about the body of water's location. (wikipedia.org)
  • rivers , streams , canals , and other geographical features where water moves from one place to another are also considered bodies of water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rivers are the most important inland body of water. (articlealley.com)
  • The first civilizations had thrived alongside rivers and getting their food, water, and even transportation from it. (articlealley.com)
  • NEW YORK, Feb 17 (IPS) - For any riverine country, the state of the water body around big cities and conditions of major rivers hold a leadership position in the overall climate effects and how the water body is protected and preserved impacts the entire economy and living standards of that country. (globalissues.org)
  • Within the border of Bangladesh lie the bottom reaches of the Himalayan Range water sources that flow into the Bay of Bengal totaling the number of rivers by a count of 700. (globalissues.org)
  • In case of dynamic water bodies emerging from the Himalayas and Chhota Nagpur region, rivers meander and change course over the years and people are found to settle along them. (yahoo.com)
  • Asked if the government would legitimise encroachment over dynamic water bodies, especially perennial and seasonal rivers, Singh said: "The department committee will identify encroachments that have to be cleared. (yahoo.com)
  • The data series are calculated as the average of annual mean concentrations for groundwater bodies/river stations/lake stations in Europe. (europa.eu)
  • The number of groundwater bodies/river stations/lake stations included per country is given in the notes below the individual substance charts. (europa.eu)
  • Although individual countries vary in average life-span years, the average number of years has increased due to increases in intake of nutritious food, primary health care (including safe water, sanitation, and immunizations), and education. (faqs.org)
  • Ramon Alikpala, former chair of MWSS and former executive director of NWRB, said that while there was fragmented regulatory framework, water supply and sanitation was not a priority of local chief executives. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Alikpala's support for a national department and regulator for water supply and sanitation was echoed by former agriculture secretary William Dar-who is now president of the advocacy group Inang Lupa -and Christopher Ilagan, president of Philippine Water Partnership, which is also a non-profit group. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Access to water is vital - not only for drinking, but also for agriculture, energy and sanitation. (esa.int)
  • Over 14.8% of the population here live below the poverty line, 3.25% of the rural population lack access to water and almost 53.14% of rural population lack sanitation. (globalissues.org)
  • 6) Lack of access to safe water and improved sanitation facilities in rural areas, overcrowded conditions, and a lack of healthy ways of disposing of waste in urban centers, all contribute to the water and sanitation crisis in Bangladesh. (globalissues.org)
  • And if you struggle with consistency and often feel bloated or uncomfortable, you probably need to chug that water bottle ASAP. (rd.com)
  • A man is holding a water bottle. (livestrong.com)
  • Built to last, our new 520ml Body Power Hydration Water Bottle is ideal for keeping you hydrated as you go about your day, whether it be at home, at work, or pushing through that all important training session. (fitness-superstore.co.uk)
  • Paired with its smart black and red Body Power design, our low-density polyethylene (LDPE), BPA free bottle is complete with a polypropylene (PP) lid and a thermoplastic rubber (TPR) pull-out spout for optimum convenience. (fitness-superstore.co.uk)
  • Packaged in a glass spray bottle, the water features fragrances of fruits, jasmine, cedar and musk, and can be used after showering to awaken the skin and provide instant freshness. (skininc.com)
  • I fill up my bottle (the Starbucks one pictured above-it's so cute and keeps my water ice cold) before leaving for work at 8:30 a.m. each morning. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • My trusty water bottle also helps me stick to my intermittent fasting diet. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • The Sentinel-2 mission's frequent revisits over the same area and high spatial resolution allow changes in inland water bodies and the coastal environment to be closely monitored. (esa.int)
  • The role of the authority, which was first set up in 2002, after passing the MWRRA Act, has become crucial in wake of the irrigation scam and disputes over water distribution during scarcity. (hindustantimes.com)
  • In certain regions of the world, water scarcity is caused by population growth, climate conditions and increasing climate variability, economic development or urbanisation. (esa.int)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/wise-wfd/significant-pressures-affecting-surface-water-bodies or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • For all day freshness, discover Dial Spring Water Body Wash. With the brisk, clean scent of a fresh spring and feather-light moisturizers, our advanced formula keeps your skin feeling clean, healthy and hydrated. (jewelosco.com)
  • Allergies and immunotoxicity: Ingredients linked to harm to the immune system, a class of health problems that manifest as allergic reactions or an impaired capacity to fight disease and repair damaged tissue in the body. (ewg.org)
  • It's infused with 95 percent natural skincare ingredients, hydrating hyaluronic acid, refreshing green mandarin water, and vitamin C and D boosters to mimic the effects of the sun without the damage. (sephora.com)
  • A family visiting from Stillwater, Oklahoma, spotted the approximately 8-month-old boy wearing only diapers in the shallow water near the Manhattan shoreline at about 4 p.m. (nationalpost.com)
  • A body of water or waterbody (often spelled water body ) is any significant accumulation of water , generally on a planet's surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cataracts from a lifetime of staring at the reflective surface of the water have blinded him to his art. (longitudebooks.com)
  • Here it is basically the complete exploitation of the feeding niches in the water body as examplified by the mixing of surface feeders, some depending predominantely on phytoplankton (silver carp), some on zooplankton (Catla), columinn feeders (rohu), bottom feeders (common carp and mrigal), feeders of aquatic (grass carp) and predators (snakeheads). (fao.org)
  • One frequently overlooked effect of climate change is the health impact on our personal body surface microenvironment (the environment immediately surrounding the body). (prweb.com)
  • The water in perspiration comes from the blood, not the skin surface. (prweb.com)
  • Pollution can also pull water directly out of the skin and eye surface. (prweb.com)
  • Water affects the pH (acid-alkaline balance) on the skin's surface, Kleyne notes. (prweb.com)
  • This type of lake stratifies in summer as the surface water ( epilimnion ) warms and ceases to mix with the lower, colder layer ( hypolimnion ). (britannica.com)
  • Blooms can form when cyanobacteria, which are bacteria that grow in water, multiply quickly and form "scums" or "mats" on the surface of the water. (mass.gov)
  • With its 13 spectral channels, the mission's novel imager can capture water quality parameters such as the surface concentration of chlorophyll, detect harmful algal blooms, and measure turbidity (or water clarity) - giving a clear indication of the health and pollution levels. (esa.int)
  • Airborne pollutants such as carbon soot and fly ash attract and accumulate water vapor molecules from the surrounding air. (prweb.com)
  • The ionized water is similar to the alkaline water that comes off a natural glacier which molecules are hexagonally-structured and micro-clustered, which means it penetrates your cells much easier than regular water. (peninsulaclarion.com)
  • NEST Fragrances' Ocean Mist & Coconut Body Mist refreshes skin while offering long-lasting fragrance. (ulta.com)
  • The project revises scientists' view of the function of urea in our bodies. (eurekalert.org)
  • Their job is to clean the blood by filtering out unwanted material such as urea , excess water , salt and ions . (s-cool.co.uk)
  • If nothing else happens then the materials, such as water and urea, will end up going all the way through the nephron, down the ureter, through the bladder and into the toilet! (s-cool.co.uk)
  • The total body water is then accurately measured from the increase in breath deuterium content in relation to the volume of D2O ingested. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hypothalamus in the brain, which detects the lower blood water content. (s-cool.co.uk)
  • Bio-Logic Aqua® Research Water Life Science® Founder Sharon Kleyne will discuss the human body microenvironment and proactive management on her Sharon Kleyne Hour™ Power of Water® radio show of April 18, 2016. (prweb.com)
  • A child wades through water on her way to school in Kurigram district of northern Bangladesh during floods in August 2016. (globalissues.org)
  • Harbor - an artificial or naturally occurring body of water where ships are stored or may shelter from the ocean's weather and currents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Naturally found in the body, this powerful ingredient retains up to 1,000x its weight in water to instantly replenish moisture for smooth, hydrated skin. (bathandbodyworks.com)
  • From the most basic standpoint it is a common sense equation, if we are made up of 72% plain water, then naturally the quality of the water we consume will have a very dramatic impact on our overall state of health. (healthynewage.com)
  • Having naturally--flavoured water made at home, with no added sugar, makes -hydrating a lot easier," says Agarwal, as Anand adds: "Fruit-infused water is great in winters when one is prone to cough and cold. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The state has invited applications for a chairperson and four other experts for the committee, which is an apex authority for regulating all water resources in the state, clearing irrigation projects, ensuring equitable distribution of water according to an integrated plan and deciding water tariffs. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Singh said another category of encroachment had taken place on static water bodies under forest, minor irrigation and water resources department. (yahoo.com)
  • Dombrowski's talent as a writer is on full display here, his tight and rhythmic prose reminding one of the gentle and relaxing lap of water against the hull of a fishing boat on a sunny and windless day. (milkweed.org)
  • Perspiration cools because rapid water evaporation causes a loss of heat energy. (prweb.com)
  • With the onset of autumn, the epilimnion cools and the water becomes denser, sinking and mixing with the hypolimnion. (britannica.com)
  • Ensuring the right amount of body water is part of fluid balance, an aspect of homeostasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, this varied substantially by age, sex, and adiposity (amount of fat in body composition). (wikipedia.org)
  • this level relates directly to the levels of testosterone and HGH as well as to body composition and amount of exercise or physical activity. (answers.com)
  • Dr. Navarro says that when we take in the right amount of water for our bodies, our muscles become more relaxed, which increases energy and maximizes our performance-all good reasons to adopt these tips for getting more water into your diet . (rd.com)
  • When the body does not receive a sufficient amount of water, it reuses existing water so that it can regulate essential health functions. (reference.com)
  • Antidiuretic hormone reduces the amount of water excreted in the urine. (livestrong.com)
  • While a reduced amount of ice slurry was just as effective as regular water, when the ice slurry was provided at the full rate, participants demonstrated significantly improved thermoregulation. (elsevier.com)
  • As the word suggests, 'infused' refers to all the goodness of fruits, vegetables or herbs that will make a place in your water, over a set amount of time. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Directions Squeeze small amount onto a wet body sponge or pouf. (jewelosco.com)
  • Locals wanted to drain the flooded quarry but were told that doing so would pose a threat to their water supply. (listverse.com)
  • And yet, locals in this water-starved city have clung to this definition of "river" because they've got nothing else that even comes close. (gadling.com)
  • What are the fat burning hormones in your body? (answers.com)
  • The reluctance of physicians to prescribe supplemental doses of testosterone and HGH is due to the fact that it may be best if our bodies reduce production of both hormones. (answers.com)
  • That's less obvious to those of us who don't have a clear understanding of the role hormones play in the human body-or how even tiny amounts of agrichemical and industrial compounds can disrupt those hormones, wreaking havoc with our health. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Lake - a body of water, usually freshwater, of relatively large size contained on a body of land. (wikipedia.org)
  • This document outlines a protocol for evaluating potential health concerns related to the presence of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) in Massachusetts recreational freshwater bodies. (mass.gov)
  • This document reviews the WHO guidance as well as the current scientific literature for the purpose of updating current MDPH guidance with respect to responding to suspected or actual cyanobacteria blooms in Massachusetts recreational freshwater bodies. (mass.gov)
  • 1997). Participants were interviewed at five freshwater bodies that had a history of cyanobacteria blooms. (mass.gov)
  • Plants like spiny naiad and waterweed are not just a nuisance for swimmers -- their spread also has the potential to change the ecosystem of a body of water in the long term. (redorbit.com)