The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.
Lower than normal body temperature, especially in warm-blooded animals.
Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
The dormant state in which some warm-blooded animal species pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.
Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.
Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
A family of the order Rodentia which contains 49 genera. Some of the more common genera are MARMOTA, which includes the marmot and woodchuck; Sciurus, the gray squirrel, S. carolinensis, and the fox squirrel, S. niger; Tamias, the eastern and western chipmunk; and Tamiasciurus, the red squirrel. The flying squirrels, except the scaly-tailed Anomaluridae, also belong to this family.
The generation of heat in order to maintain body temperature. The uncoupled oxidation of fatty acids contained within brown adipose tissue and SHIVERING are examples of thermogenesis in MAMMALS.
The process of exocrine secretion of the SWEAT GLANDS, including the aqueous sweat from the ECCRINE GLANDS and the complex viscous fluids of the APOCRINE GLANDS.
Measurement of the temperature of a material, or of the body or an organ by various temperature sensing devices which measure changes in properties of the material that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; or LUMINESCENCE.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.
Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Drugs that are used to reduce body temperature in fever.
The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
Substances capable of increasing BODY TEMPERATURE and cause FEVER and may be used for FEVER THERAPY. They may be of microbial origin, often POLYSACCHARIDES, and may contaminate distilled water.
Region of hypothalamus between the ANTERIOR COMMISSURE and OPTIC CHIASM.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.
Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)
A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
Cellular receptors which mediate the sense of temperature. Thermoreceptors in vertebrates are mostly located under the skin. In mammals there are separate types of thermoreceptors for cold and for warmth and NOCICEPTORS which detect cold or heat extreme enough to cause pain.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
An N-substituted amphetamine analog. It is a widely abused drug classified as a hallucinogen and causes marked, long-lasting changes in brain serotonergic systems. It is commonly referred to as MDMA or ecstasy.
The temperature at which a substance changes from one state or conformation of matter to another.
Injections into the cerebral ventricles.
Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.
The consumption of edible substances.
The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Fabric or other material used to cover the body.
The species Delphinapterus leucas, in the family Monodontidae, found primarily in the Arctic Ocean and adjoining seas. They are small WHALES lacking a dorsal fin.
Application of heat to correct hypothermia, accidental or induced.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).
The narrow passage way that conducts the sound collected by the EAR AURICLE to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)
A thermogenic form of adipose tissue composed of BROWN ADIPOCYTES. It is found in newborns of many species including humans, and in hibernating mammals. Brown fat is richly vascularized, innervated, and densely packed with MITOCHONDRIA which can generate heat directly from the stored lipids.
A genus of marine mussels in the family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA. The species MYTILUS EDULIS is the highly edible common mussel.
The closeness of a determined value of a physical dimension to the actual value.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.
Fleshy and reddish outgrowth of skin tissue found on top of the head, attached to the sides of the head, and hanging from the mandible of birds such as turkeys and chickens.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive cold. In humans, a fall in skin temperature triggers gasping, hypertension, and hyperventilation.
Significant alterations in temperature of the human body, above or below 98.6 degrees F. or 37 degrees C. when taken orally.
Loss of water by diffusion through the skin and by evaporation from the respiratory tract.
Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The species Orcinus orca, in the family Delphinidae, characterized by its black and white coloration, and huge triangular dorsal fin. It is the largest member of the DOLPHINS and derives its name from the fact that it is a fearsome predator.
A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive heat. Responses include synthesis of new proteins and regulation of others.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.
Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.
The front portion of the HYPOTHALAMUS separated into the preoptic region and the supraoptic region. The preoptic region is made up of the periventricular GRAY MATTER of the rostral portion of the THIRD VENTRICLE and contains the preoptic ventricular nucleus and the medial preoptic nucleus. The supraoptic region contains the PARAVENTRICULAR HYPOTHALAMIC NUCLEUS, the SUPRAOPTIC NUCLEUS, the ANTERIOR HYPOTHALAMIC NUCLEUS, and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
A subclass of analgesic agents that typically do not bind to OPIOID RECEPTORS and are not addictive. Many non-narcotic analgesics are offered as NONPRESCRIPTION DRUGS.
The part of the face above the eyes.
A biochemical messenger and regulator, synthesized from the essential amino acid L-TRYPTOPHAN. In humans it is found primarily in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and blood platelets. Serotonin mediates several important physiological functions including neurotransmission, gastrointestinal motility, hemostasis, and cardiovascular integrity. Multiple receptor families (RECEPTORS, SEROTONIN) explain the broad physiological actions and distribution of this biochemical mediator.
Simple sweat glands that secrete sweat directly onto the SKIN.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
Colorless, odorless crystals that are used extensively in research laboratories for the preparation of polyacrylamide gels for electrophoresis and in organic synthesis, and polymerization. Some of its polymers are used in sewage and wastewater treatment, permanent press fabrics, and as soil conditioning agents.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes, such as chemical reactions, changes of state, and formations of solutions, or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances. The fundamental unit of measurement is the joule or the calorie (4.184 joules). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.
The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.
The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
An oviparous burrowing mammal of the order Monotremata native to Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. It has hair mingled with spines on the upper part of the body and is adapted for feeding on ants.
A subgroup of TRP cation channels named after vanilloid receptor. They are very sensitive to TEMPERATURE and hot spicy food and CAPSAICIN. They have the TRP domain and ANKYRIN repeats. Selectivity for CALCIUM over SODIUM ranges from 3 to 100 fold.
The family Erinaceidae, in the order INSECTIVORA. Most are true hedgehogs possessing a coat of spines and a very short tail. Those members of the family found in Southeast Asia (moonrats or gymnures) have normal body hair and a long tail.
Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.
A family of marine MUSSELS in the class BIVALVIA.
Bouts of physical irritability or movement alternating with periods of quiescence. It includes biochemical activity and hormonal activity which may be cellular. These cycles are shorter than 24 hours and include sleep-wakefulness cycles and the periodic activation of the digestive system.
A series of structurally-related alkaloids containing the ergotaman backbone structure.
The physical measurements of a body.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
The act of dilating.
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
Large herbivorous tropical American lizards.
A galanin receptor subtype with high affinity for GALANIN-LIKE PEPTIDE and low affinity for full length GALANIN and galanin peptide fragments.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.
Drugs capable of inducing illusions, hallucinations, delusions, paranoid ideations, and other alterations of mood and thinking. Despite the name, the feature that distinguishes these agents from other classes of drugs is their capacity to induce states of altered perception, thought, and feeling that are not experienced otherwise.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A neuropeptide that is highly homologous to GALANIN. It is produced by proteolytic processing of a larger protein that is unrelated to prepro-galanin and preferentially binds to GALANIN-2 RECEPTOR.
The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.
Disruption of the non-covalent bonds and/or disulfide bonds responsible for maintaining the three-dimensional shape and activity of the native protein.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A sexual disorder occurring in a person 16 years or older and that is recurrent with intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child (generally age 13 or younger). (from APA, DSM-IV, 1994).
A change of a substance from one form or state to another.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Agents affecting the function of, or mimicking the actions of, the autonomic nervous system and thereby having an effect on such processes as respiration, circulation, digestion, body temperature regulation, certain endocrine gland secretions, etc.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.
The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.
The consumption of liquids.
Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It has also been used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Urethane is suspected to be a carcinogen.
A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The smokable form is a drug of abuse and is referred to as crank, crystal, crystal meth, ice, and speed.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.
Painful menstruation.
Drugs used for their effects on serotonergic systems. Among these are drugs that affect serotonin receptors, the life cycle of serotonin, and the survival of serotonergic neurons.
A sedative and anticonvulsant often used in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal. Chlormethiazole has also been proposed as a neuroprotective agent. The mechanism of its therapeutic activity is not entirely clear, but it does potentiate GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID receptors response and it may also affect glycine receptors.
Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
The mechanical process of cooling.
The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
An ovoid densely packed collection of small cells of the anterior hypothalamus lying close to the midline in a shallow impression of the OPTIC CHIASM.
The sudden sensation of being cold. It may be accompanied by SHIVERING.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
Proteins which are synthesized in eukaryotic organisms and bacteria in response to hyperthermia and other environmental stresses. They increase thermal tolerance and perform functions essential to cell survival under these conditions.
A family of the order PRIMATES, suborder Strepsirhini (PROSIMII), containing five genera. All inhabitants of Madagascar, the genera are: Allocebus, Cheirogaleus (dwarf lemurs), Microcebus (mouse lemurs), Mirza, and Phaner.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
A family of nocturnal rodents, similar in appearance to SQUIRRELS, but smaller. There are 28 species, half of which are found in Africa.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Transmission of energy or mass by a medium involving movement of the medium itself. The circulatory movement that occurs in a fluid at a nonuniform temperature owing to the variation of its density and the action of gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed; Webster, 10th ed)
Loose heterogeneous collection of cells in the anterior hypothalamus, continuous rostrally with the medial and lateral PREOPTIC AREAS and caudally with the TUBER CINEREUM.
Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
The absence of light.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
A chronobiologic disorder resulting from rapid travel across a number of time zones, characterized by insomnia or hypersomnolence, fatigue, behavioral symptoms, headaches, and gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Cooper, Sleep, 1994, pp593-8)
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
The human body has two methods of thermogenesis, which produces heat to raise the core body temperature. The first is shivering ... The temperature that requires the least amount of energy investment is 21 °C (69.8 °F). The body controls its temperature ... The human body always works to remain in homeostasis. One form of homeostasis is thermoregulation. Body temperature varies in ... Hypothermia can set in when the core temperature drops to 35 °C (95 °F). Hyperthermia can set in when the core body temperature ...
The last variable is body temperature. Elevated body temperature is called hyperthermia, and suppressed body temperature is ... body temperature; hypoxia; and pH balance. The catecholamines, epinephrine and norepinephrine, secreted by the adrenal medulla ... Heart rate is not a stable value and it increases or decreases in response to the body's need in a way to maintain an ... This pulse rate can be found at any point on the body where the artery's pulsation is transmitted to the surface by pressuring ...
... body temperature; hypoxia; and pH balance . Factors that increase heart rate also trigger an increase in stroke volume. As with ... The function of the right heart, is to collect de-oxygenated blood, in the right atrium, from the body via the superior vena ... Eventually in the systemic capillaries exchange with the tissue fluid and cells of the body occurs; oxygen and nutrients are ... The systemic circuit transports oxygen to the body and returns relatively de-oxygenated blood and carbon dioxide to the ...
... low body temperature; poor judgment; shortness of breath or slow or troubled breathing; slow heartbeat; slurred speech; ...
Assessing Body Temperature. CETL, Clinical and Communication. Barts and City University of London. Assessing The Abdomen. CETL ... of temperature, blood pressure, pulse and respiratory rate, and further examination of the body systems such as the ... In some instances, the nursing assessment is very broad in scope and in other cases it may focus on one body system or mental ... It incorporates the recognition of normal versus abnormal body physiology. Prompt recognition of pertinent changes along with ...
"Basal Body Temperature". Pacific Fertility Center. Retrieved 6 March 2015. Benham, J. L.; Yamamoto, J. M.; Friedenreich, C. M ... Basal body temperatures are not reliable for predicting ovulation. Management of infertility in polycystic ovary syndrome ... A reason that insulin sensitizers work in increasing fertility is that they lower total insulin levels in body as metabolic ...
Increased temperatures pose greater risks to disabled people, as many disabilities impact one's ability to regulate body ... Increased temperatures pose greater risks to disabled people, as many disabilities impact one's ability to regulate body ... "Body Temperature Regulation Problems". HealthHearty. Retrieved 24 April 2021. Harrington, Samantha. "How extreme weather ... "Body Temperature Regulation Problems". HealthHearty. Retrieved 24 April 2021. Harrington, Samantha. "How extreme weather ...
Body Temperature) "UEE" (ウエエ; Way) "Dramatic Irony" "Dialogue" "Suisei" (彗星; Comet) "Pop" v t e. ...
... decreases body temperature. Ibogaine causes long QT syndrome at higher doses, apparently by blocking hERG potassium ... Ibogaine is metabolized in the human body by cytochrome P450 2D6 into noribogaine (more correctly, O-desmethylibogaine or 12- ...
Body temperature is not elevated. Increases in the thrombocyte number and total leukocyte and basophil count have been reported ...
Metabolism, body temperature, and migration". Modern Geology. 16: 203-227. Wedel, M. J. (2003). "Vertebral Pneumaticity, Air ... Ten dorsal ribs are on either side of the body. The large neck was filled with an extensive system of weight-saving air sacs. ... However, temperatures in the Jurassic were 3 degrees Celsius higher than present. They assumed that the animals had a reptilian ... 1991) suggest that the large body size of Brontosaurus and other sauropods would have made them unable to maintain high ...
Shivering is the process by which the body temperature of hibernating mammals (such as some bats and ground squirrels) is ... Progesterone also increases body temperature. Thermoregulation Rolena A.J. deBruyn, Mark Paetkau, Kelly A. Ross, David V. ... Summermatter, S.; Handschin, C. (November 2012). "PGC-1α and exercise in the control of body weight". International Journal of ... Diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) One method to raise temperature is through shivering. It produces heat because the conversion ...
Body temperature was not affected; there was also mydriasis followed by miosis, and hypersalivation. In rabbits, i.v. doses of ...
Her body temperature also dropped. On 30 May 1981, Khaleda Zia's husband, the-then President of Bangladesh Ziaur Rahman, was ...
"Body temperature data for Grxcr1". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Clinical chemistry data for Grxcr1". Wellcome Trust Sanger ... Homozygous mutant animals of both sex displayed decreased body weights, grip strength, body fat, body length and plasma ... "Body weight data for Grxcr1". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Anxiety data for Grxcr1". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. " ...
Body Temperature) Halzion (ハルジオン, lit. Philadelphia Daisy) Revolve Empty96 Groovy Groovy Groovy TAKUYA∞ - vocals, rap, ...
Frequently monitor axillary body temperature. Limit neonate's exposure during diaper changes and assessments. Shock of birth ... Body heat is lost through conduction, convection, and radiant heat. Thermoregulation is achieved through several methods: the ... Manifestations: Normal temperature ranges between 97.7° and 100.0° Fahrenheit (36.5° to 37.78° Celsius). Cold infants may cry ... Temperature changes and other sensory stimulation contributes to respiratory function as well. Manifestations: Breathing ...
"Body temperature data for Cbx7". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Haematology data for Cbx7". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute ...
"Body temperature data for Socs7". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. "Salmonella infection data for Socs7". Wellcome Trust Sanger ...
Metabolism, body temperature, and migration". Modern Geology. 16: 203-227. Farlow, J.A. (1987). "Speculations About the Diet ... Given the large body mass and long neck of sauropods like Apatosaurus, physiologists have encountered problems determining how ... Apatosaurus has ten dorsal ribs on either side of the body. The large neck was filled with an extensive system of weight-saving ... An alternative method, using limb length and body mass, found Apatosaurus grew 520 kg (1,150 lb) per year, and reached its full ...
The body temperature began to rise. Tests carried out there revealed that there was a disease in the liver which was because of ...
... core body temperature minimum, and plasma level of cortisol. For temperature studies, subjects must remain awake but calm and ... clocks in the rest of the body may be synchronised. This is how the timing of, for example, sleep/wake, body temperature, ... found that, in young adults, the daily body temperature minimum occurred at about 04:00 (4 a.m.) for morning types but at about ... In contradiction to previous studies, it has been found that there is no effect of body temperature on performance on ...
Refinetti, Roberto (1999). "Relationship between the daily rhythms of locomotor activity and body temperature in eight ... "The circadian rhythm of body temperature". Physiology & Behavior. 51 (3): 613-637. doi:10.1016/0031-9384(92)90188-8. PMID ...
At ambient temperatures below their body temperatures (thermal neutral zone (TNZ)), common ostriches decrease body surface ... causing the body temperature to increase further. When the body heat is allowed to increase the temperature gradient between ... If the ambient temperature is lower than the thermo-neutral zone, heat is produced to maintain body temperature. So, the ... At higher ambient temperatures lower appendage temperature increases to 5 °C (9.0 °F) difference from ambient temperature. Neck ...
Baddeley, A. D. (1966). "Time-Estimation at Reduced Body-Temperature". The American Journal of Psychology. 79 (3): 475-479. doi ... He studied the effects of depth and pressure on dexterity, the impact of temperature on response time, and context-dependent ...
Body temperature fluctuates through the day; for instance, in goats the temperature can change slightly from nearly 37 °C (99 ° ... Temperature is regulated through sweating in cattle, whereas goats use panting for the same. The right lung, consisting of four ... Generally, bovids direct their attacks on the opponent's head rather than its body. The S-shaped horns, such as those on the ... Feeding habits are related to body size; while small bovids forage in dense and closed habitat, larger species feed upon high- ...
Such interventions influence an individual's mood, body temperature, cortisol levels, and melatonin production, all of which ... Refinetti, R.; Menaker, M. (1992). "The circadian rhythm of body temperature". Physiology & Behavior. 51 (3): 613-37. doi: ... including body temperature and various psychomotor tasks like time estimation and finger tapping, from individuals placed in an ... Therefore, changes in light and darkness influence the body to rise during the day and become fatigued at night. There are many ...
Doctors begin raising Navaira's body temperature. Houston Chronicle. March 25, 2008. Tejano star still critical Archived 2008- ... Condit was about 50% White and had a middle class student body while Cunningham was 95% Hispanic. On May 21, 1992, the HISD ...
Entering torpor saves energy for the animal by allowing its body temperature to fall to a minimum of 10.4 °C (50.7 °F) to 19.6 ... Before entering torpor, a sugar glider will reduce activity and body temperature normally in order to lower energy expenditure ... Christian, Nereda; Fritz Geiser (2007). "To use or not to use torpor? Activity and body temperature as predictors". ... Geiser, Fritz (2004). "Metabolic Rate and Body Temperature Reduction During Hibernation and Daily Torpor". Annual Review of ...
Basal body temperature[edit]. Main article: Basal body temperature. Basal body temperature is the lowest temperature attained ... "Body temperature variability (Part 2): masking influences of body temperature variability and a review of body temperature ... Core temperature[edit]. Core temperature, also called core body temperature, is the operating temperature of an organism, ... With increased age, both average body temperature and the amount of daily variability in the body temperature tend to decrease. ...
The average normal body temperature is generally accepted as 98.6°F (37°C). Some studies have shown that the normal body ... Normal body temperature varies by person, age, activity, and time of day. ... Normal body temperature varies by person, age, activity, and time of day. The average normal body temperature is generally ... Regulation of body temperature. In: Boron WF, Boulpaep EL, eds. Medical Physiology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017: ...
... but we can learn a trick or two to lower our body temperatures-some of which involve ice cream. Lets beat the heat this ... You can implement pre-cooling techniques to keep your body temperature lower once youre out in the heat. The best one? Pouring ... Cool Your Body. Before you can start cooling your body, you need to know its cooling points. Regardless of any other tips you ... Anyway, will have no problem lowering my body temperature, living in the southern hemisphere and will be a pretty cold here ...
Usually, my body temperature is around 36.6. Is it normal to get lower body temperature when you have a cold? Is it even a cold ... Before that, my body temperature was 35.6 and I felt extremely hot. Now I dont feel so hot anymore. I usually go to the ... Low body temperature Ive had the symptoms of a cold for 2 weeks. The symptoms are: sore throat, persistent cough that brings ... Your body temperature is not hypothermic. Readings do differ, especially depending on the method and device that is used. ...
F Medical research reported in 1992 shows that the mean human body temperature is actually 98.2° F rather than 98.6&am... ... "Is Your Body Temperature Normal?" (www.intelihealth.com). *"Physiology of Body Temperature" (www.fevers-in-pets.com/html/body_ ... It is also affected by the part of the body measured: The bodys extremities are colder than the body core; and temperature ... human body temperature is 97.5° F (36.2° C) to 98.9° F (37.2° C), but up to 5 percent of the population have a body temperature ...
They found that average temperatures decreased by about 0.05 degrees per decade, and that a normal body temperature today is ... Reinhold August Wunderlich took the temperatures of some 25,000 people and concluded that the average human body temperature ... Now a new analysis of temperature readings taken over the past 157 years has determined that the German was right, but that our ... bodies have since steadily cooled down. Stanford University researchers examined three medical databases stretching from 1860 ...
Acupuncture can also help with low body temperature, as it balances out the body, removing any blockages. ... What causes low body temperature? Could it be low blood sugar or heart problems or is there another underlying cause? One woman ... One readers body temperature did increase a little after having all 13 fillings changed for ceramic ones. She also visited a ... This woman has had a low body temperature (ranging from 34.3 to 35.1 degrees C) for a couple of years. She was prescribed ...
... potentially explaining temperature sensitivity in those with thyroid disorders. ... Researchers have uncovered how thyroid hormone affects blood vessels to determine body temperature, ... "How body temperature is affected by thyroid hormone." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 19 Sep. 2013. Web.. 15 Nov. 2018 ... Whiteman, H. (2013, September 19). "How body temperature is affected by thyroid hormone." Medical News Today. Retrieved from. ...
... the perfect temperature for fending off fungal infections and outlasting the dinosaurs. ... Your normal body temperature sits around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, ... means their body temperature is normal. Now, two scientists have an idea why our bodies, as well as those of most other mammals ... consistently run at that temperature : A toasty body temperature helps keep nasty fungal infections at bay. ...
Although it is known that temperature-sensitive neurons in the hypothalamus can control body temperature, the precise neural ... A hypothalamic circuit that controls body temperature. Zheng-Dong Zhao, Wen Z. Yang, Cuicui Gao, Xin Fu, View ORCID ProfileWen ... The homeostatic control of body temperature is essential for survival in mammals and is known to be regulated in part by ... Adult mammals, including humans, precisely maintain core body temperature (Tcore) within a narrow range. This system is ...
... the optimal body temperature for sleep is quite cool because lower core temperature can lead to restlessness. ... the optimal body temperature for sleep is quite cool because lower core temperature can lead to restlessness. ... Temperatures in this range help facilitate the decrease in core body temperature that in turn initiates sleepiness. A growing ... Studies have found that in general, the optimal temperature for sleep is quite cool, around 60 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. ...
The body is very good at keeping its temperature within a safe range, even when temperatures outside the body change a lot. ... Body temperature is a measure of your bodys ability to make and get rid of heat. ... Body Temperature. Test Overview. Body temperature is a measure of your bodys ability to make and get rid of heat. The body is ... High body temperature (heatstroke). Heatstroke occurs when the body fails to control its own temperature and body temperature ...
... , Temperature, Rectal Temperature, Oral Temperature, Tympanic Temperature, Axillary Temperature, Thermometer, ... Body Temperature, Body Temperatures, Temperature, Body, Temperatures, Body, Body temperature observation, body temperature, ... Body temperature finding (finding), Body temperature finding, body; temperature, temperature; body, Body temperature, NOS, Body ... Body Temperature. Body Temperature Aka: Body Temperature, Temperature, Rectal Temperature, Oral Temperature, Tympanic ...
This leads to progressive slowing of body functions. ... occurring when the body fails to maintain adequate production ... A fall in body temperature below the usual level, ... Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below.... CHICAGO ... Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below the usual level, occurring when the body fails to maintain adequate production of ...
... of measuring the body temperature of a human or animal in health or disease generally involve sensing the temperature in a body ... in animals of constant temperature, the body temperature is maintained steady despite environmental changes. Moreover, it has ... It is accordingly a primary object of the present invention to provide a meaningful measurement of body temperatures on man or ... Method and apparatus for measuring internal body temperature utilizing infrared emissions. US4662360 *. 8 May 1985. 5 May 1987 ...
... the human body maintains temperature by keeping a strict balance between heat loss and heat gain. The hypothalamus, which is ... is considered the bodys thermostat, as it regulates the core temperature. It responds to different temperature receptors in ... According to the University of New Mexico (UNM), the human body maintains temperature by keeping a strict balance between heat ... Humans regulate the generation and preservation of heat in order to maintain internal body temperature, which is also called ...
... any body temperature above 103 degrees Fahrenheit can be dangerous, and according to the National Institutes of Health, a ... What Is Your Body Temperature During a Fever?. A: A fever is defined as any body temperature that is above the normal ... What Is the Lowest Safe Body Temperature for an Adult?. A: A body temperature of 95 degrees Fahrenheit or below is considered ... What Does a Low Body Temperature Indicate?. A: A low body temperature indicates either exposure to cold weather or a decrease ...
... you will see the effects of body core temperature in both extremes (high and low body core temperatures) and how science is ... you will see the effects of body core temperature in both extremes (high and low body core temperatures) and how science is ... Hyperthermia is abnormally high body temperature. It can be due to exposure to extreme temperatures, high humidity, and heavy ... Hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature, resulting from excessive heat loss due to cold exposure. Hypothermia results ...
Tag: body temperature. Science and Medicine. Are Humans Cooling? Probably Not.. Are humans cooling? According to a recent study ...
Very low body temperature. Does anyone know what a dangerous body temperature is? I have felt very weak and fatigued the last ... Very low body temperature (https://www.healthboards.com/boards/open-all-other-health-topics/680743-very-low-body-temperature. ... Re: Very low body temperature. Thank you for your responses. Ive always been on the cold side but lately its a lot worse. My ... Re: Very low body temperature. You can still be skinny and be hypothryroid. You dont have to have weight gain. I know slender ...
Abnormal temperature may indicate inflammation, systemic infection or sepsis. Monitoring core body temperature is a key ... Accuryn urinary catheters provide convenient, accurate readings for both core body temperature and urine output. Temperature- ... Accuryns clinical value-precise, real-time measurement of IAP, UO and core body temperature-is supported by external research ... sensing electronics in the tip continuously monitor bladder temperature-which most accurately correlates to brain temperature.1 ...
The normal range of body temperature is 98 - 99 F by oral measurement. The body temperature is lower in the morning and rises ... Well, not all human beings have the perfect bookish body temperature. Your sons temperature is on the lower side but not low ... sickness and low body temperature concernedmom858 My 16 year old son has been exibiting flulike symptoms for a week and I ... If the temperature falls below 94 degree farenheit, then it is a cause of worry. A number of times, the temperature after ...
... for controlling the temperature type and length of cycle, quick disconnects (17, 18) for the therapy pads. A TE cooler (11) ... for selected body parts having serpentine fluid channels therethrough, a programmable microprocessor (14) ... A lightweight portable temperature control system which includes form fitting disposable therapy pads (16) ... and to maintain the body, or a portion thereof, at a temperature substantially below the bodys normal temperature of 98.6 F ...
Yesterday I felt little bit odd (brain fog, nose congestion, fatigue)and I checked my body temperature. I had 35,5(?!) So, what ... low body temperature hipps I am 1 year and 2 months svr. Yesterday I felt little bit odd (brain fog, nose congestion, fatigue) ... low body temperature. I am 1 year and 2 months svr. Yesterday I felt little bit odd (brain fog, nose congestion, fatigue)and I ... and I checked my body temperature. I had 35,5(?!) So, what is this? Could it be consequence of my pegasys+riba tx? Is this ...
... temperature, period). The app generates a basal body... ... temperature, period). The app generates a basal body ... Basal Body Temperature Chart: Android app (50 downloads) → Easily track all information about your menstrual cycle ( ... Easily track all information about your menstrual cycle (temperature, period). The app generates a basal body temperature chart ... temperature chart in order to estimate ovulation day, which is recommended for women wanting to get pregnant and have a baby.. ...
Surprising foods that affect body temperature. 9/25/2013 - The heat inside the human body has a huge say on how it adapts to ... temperature changes. Natural adaptation dictates that the body must cool down when the surroundings are hot, and it must warm ... Climate change hoax COLLAPSES as new science finds human activity has virtually zero impact on global temperatures - ...
Summary: Bar-headed geese maintain a consistent body temperature during their migration across the Tibetan Plateau regardless ... Remarkably, rattlesnakes sensing warm moving targets with their facial pits are less responsive as body temperature increases. ... parrots from arid environments have a high capacity to utilize evaporative heat dissipation to defend body temperature in hot ... Summary: Biologging of mussels in the rocky intertidal zone reveals substantial temperature differences over the scale of ...
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Body Temperature Fever Physiology Immunology Measurement Assessment Quantitative Measurement Knowledge Sharing Editors and ... Understanding Fever and Body Temperature. A Cross-disciplinary Approach to Clinical Practice. ...
  • Hypothermia is the name given to the very dangerous condition when core body temperature drops to below 96° or 95° F (sources vary). (everything2.com)
  • Severe hypothermia, body temperature between 92 and 86° F and below: shivering occurs in waves, person falls to ground, muscle rigidity, pale skin, dilated pupil, increased pulse rate. (everything2.com)
  • Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Hypothermia: A fall in body temperature below the usual level, occurring when the body fails to maintain adequate production of heat during conditions of extreme cold and very rapid heat loss. (chicagotribune.com)
  • According to Mayo Clinic, any body temperature above 103 degrees Fahrenheit can be dangerous, and according to the National Institutes of Health, a dangerously low body temperature, otherwise known as hypothermia, occurs when the body temperature falls to 95 degrees Fahrenheit or below. (reference.com)
  • A body temperature of 95 degrees Fahrenheit or below is considered to be dangerous, and temperatures in this range indicate hypothermia, according to WebMD. (reference.com)
  • Hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature, resulting from excessive heat loss due to cold exposure. (military.com)
  • Hyperthermia, or heatstroke, can be deadly occurs when the dog's temperature rises above 40 degrees C. Low body temperature, also known as hypothermia, sets in when a dog's temperature drops below 37.8 degrees C and can also be fatal if left untreated. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The commonest problem that burns patients face is the development of an abnormally low body temperature known as " Hypothermia" which is in turn responsible for many complications such as infections or even sometimes death .The core temperature or the innermost temperature of the body is controlled by the hypothalamus in the brain and is usually between 36.5-37.5 C (97.7 0 F - 99.5 0 F) in healthy individuals. (medindia.net)
  • Hypothermia is defined as a core temperature of less than 36 C. (medindia.net)
  • and severe hypothermia with temperatures less than 32 C. It is imperative to normalize the temperature of the patient for adequate wound healing and to prevent complications such as reduced blood supply to the heart or irregular heart beats, contraction and narrowing of the blood vessels, clotting and bleeding disorders besides damage to the immune system and neurological system. (medindia.net)
  • There are three main tactics used to improve the body temperature in a hypothermia patient. (medindia.net)
  • In this study ten consecutive burned patients with more than 20% total burned surface area and a core temperature of less than 36 C or mild hypothermia were studied in a comparative and randomized evaluation. (medindia.net)
  • Whether you have been exposed to low temperatures or you are caring for someone with hypothermia, you may need to know how to increase body temperature. (appbrain.com)
  • Hypothermia is a medical condition that is characterized by an abnormally low body temperature. (petmd.com)
  • Mild hypothermia is classified as a body temperature of 90 - 99°F (or 32 - 35°C), moderate hypothermia at 82 - 90°F (28 - 32°C), and severe hypothermia is any temperature less than 82°F (28°C). Hypothermia occurs when an animal's body is no longer able to maintain normal temperature, causing a depression of the central nervous system (CNS). (petmd.com)
  • Hypothermia usually occurs in cold temperatures, although newborns may suffer hypothermia in normal environmental temperatures. (petmd.com)
  • If hypothermia is suspected, your dog's body temperature will be measured with a thermometer or, in severe cases, with a rectal or esophageal probe. (petmd.com)
  • The published study in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) has determined the safest temperature and duration for body-cooling ('hypothermia') of newborns in order to minimize the injuries during the first few days of life. (news-medical.net)
  • The study, which involved 364 infants over a six year period, showed the results of the randomized clinical trial that the safest depth and duration of hypothermia treatment - using a specially designed 'cooling blanket' - consists of lowering the oxygen-starved newborns' body temperature to 33.5 degrees Celsius for a period of 72 hours. (news-medical.net)
  • Hypothermia is a serious condition that occurs when you lose too much body heat. (healthline.com)
  • For adults, a body temperature that dips below 95°F (35°C) is a sign of hypothermia. (healthline.com)
  • For babies, hypothermia can occur when their body temperature is 97°F (36.1°C) or lower. (healthline.com)
  • When core body temperature goes outside this range for prolonged periods-higher as in fever, or lower as in hypothermia-the result is harm to the body. (scripps.edu)
  • Body temperature may be abnormal due to fever (high temperature) or hypothermia (low temperature). (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Hypothermia is defined as a drop in body temperature below 95 degrees Fahrenheit. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • body temperature also tends to decline with age, so that those over 65 may have an average temperature 1 to 2 degrees lower than individuals under 40. (everything2.com)
  • Even in a single individual, body temperature can vary throughout the day by as much as 1 to 2 degrees. (everything2.com)
  • I n 1851, German doctor Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich took the temperatures of some 25,000 people and concluded that the average human body temperature was 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. (theweek.com)
  • They found that average temperatures decreased by about 0.05 degrees per decade, and that a normal body temperature today is about 97.5 degrees. (theweek.com)
  • This woman has had a low body temperature (ranging from 34.3 to 35.1 degrees C) for a couple of years. (healthy.net)
  • For most folks, a thermometer reading around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit (37 degrees Celsius) means their body temperature is normal. (livescience.com)
  • This study helps to explain why mammalian temperatures are all around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. (livescience.com)
  • Studies have found that in general, the optimal temperature for sleep is quite cool, around 60 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. (mercola.com)
  • Thermometers show body temperature in either degrees Fahrenheit (°F) or degrees Celsius (°C). In the United States, temperatures are often measured in degrees Fahrenheit. (rexhealth.com)
  • Normal core temperature at rest lies around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. (reference.com)
  • According to Hyperphysics, the hypothalamus initiates various responses when the skin temperature drops below 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. (reference.com)
  • The normal body temperature of a healthy human is approximately 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit (37 degrees Celsius), although the range of normal can differ by up to 1 degree above or below. (reference.com)
  • Hot tea is typically brewed to a temperature between 160 degrees and 185 degrees Fahrenheit, as stated by the National Institutes of Health. (reference.com)
  • My temperature can vary by two degrees just within 5 minutes. (healthboards.com)
  • The normal body temperature for a dog ranges between 37.8 to 38.9 degrees Celsius, and when the dog's core temperature remains above 38.9 degrees C, serious health risks arise. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The normal body temperature has long been thought to be 37 degrees Celsius (98.6 degrees Fahrenheit), but there are several factors that affect body temperature. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The average human body temperature was determined to be 37 degrees Celsius (98.6 degrees Fahrenheit) by a study conducted in Germany. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The UK and the United States unit of measurement for temperature is degrees Fahrenheit, but almost every other country uses degrees Celsius. (ehow.co.uk)
  • A fever is when a person's temperature rises over 37.8 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit). (ehow.co.uk)
  • Any temperature between 36.33 and 37.44 degrees Celcius (97.4 and 99.4 degrees Fahrenheit) is normal. (ehow.co.uk)
  • A normal temperature is considered to be 99 degrees Fahrenheit or less when taken in your child's mouth. (livestrong.com)
  • A normal temperature is considered to be 99 degrees Fahrenheit or less when taken in your child's mouth, and 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or less if you take it in your child's bottom, according to HealthyChildren.org. (livestrong.com)
  • Taking the temperature at the temporal artery in the forehead or in the ear is considered to be similar to taking the temperature rectally, so 99.6 degrees Fahrenheit should be considered normal. (livestrong.com)
  • When your take your child's temperature under the arm, his temperature is usually lower than if it is taken using the other methods, according to Seattle Children's Hospital, so when using this method, 99 degrees Fahrenheit or higher is considered a fever. (livestrong.com)
  • Although 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit and 99.6 degrees Fahrenheit are considered normal temperatures, depending on which method you use, there is actually a range of what is considered normal. (livestrong.com)
  • The Seattle Children's Hospital says that a raised temperature is considered to be a fever when it reaches 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher when taken by ear, temporal artery or rectal methods, 100 degrees Fahrenheit when using oral or pacifier thermometers, and 99 degrees Fahrenheit when taken in your child's armpit. (livestrong.com)
  • Babies under 12 weeks old who have a fever higher than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit taken rectally, and children with a fever of 105 degrees Fahrenheit or higher when taken by any method, or 104 degrees Fahrenheit if the temperature is taken in the armpit, should be taken to see the doctor immediately. (livestrong.com)
  • You should record your temperature at a time when you are well and establish a normal for you and an elevation of 2-3 degrees would signal a fever for you. (rutgers.edu)
  • The finding is significant and surprising according to Dr. Shankaran because earlier studies using animal models had suggested that lowering the temperature to 32 degrees Celsius and for a longer period (120 hours) might provide better injury protection for the oxygen-deprived newborns. (news-medical.net)
  • While self-healing plastics have been developed before, the new material is remarkable because it is safe to humans and works at temperatures as low as 37 degrees Celsius, making it ideal for use in healthcare. (reading.ac.uk)
  • On average, there was no difference in the two groups' core temperatures, with both around 36.9 degrees C (98.4 F). (reuters.com)
  • Bright light significantly suppressed salivary melatonin and raised rectal temperature 0.3 degrees C (which remained elevated during the first 1.5 h of sleep), without affecting tympanic temperature. (nih.gov)
  • It's obvious that people can feel terrible when their temperatures are 1.5 degrees below normal. (wilsonssyndrome.com)
  • As far as i know my body stays around 98 degrees in 20 degree weather. (sciforums.com)
  • A body temperature of 98.6 degrees F is considered to be normal. (fitday.com)
  • Most people have a normal body temperature of between 97.6 and 99.6 degrees F when the temperature is measured orally. (fitday.com)
  • Your temperature may increase by as many as 2 degrees F as the chemical reactions of the digestive process take place within your body. (fitday.com)
  • Our skin is actually a few degrees cooler our body temp, and our body is constantly generating heat. (theawesomer.com)
  • Normal body temperature can range from 97.8 degrees F (or Fahrenheit, equivalent to 36.5 degrees C, or Celsius) to 99 degrees F (37.2 degrees C) for a healthy adult. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Temperatures taken rectally (using a glass or digital thermometer) tend to be 0.5 to 0.7 degrees F higher than when taken by mouth. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Temperatures taken by this route tend to be 0.3 to 0.4 degrees F lower than those temperatures taken by mouth. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A fever is indicated when body temperature rises about one degree or more over the normal temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The normal temperature range in dogs is between 100 and 102 degrees Fahrenheit. (petwave.com)
  • She would then record her temperatures on a graph and watch for a slight increase of 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit, which would suggest she is ovulating. (fertilityauthority.com)
  • Strictly speaking any core body temperature less than 96 degrees F is considered to be low. (zocdoc.com)
  • and temperature taken in the mouth , while convenient, tends to be less accurate (due to improper thermometer placement, breathing, recent consumption of hot or cold beverages, etc.) than temperature measured rectal ly or tympanically , but more accurate than axilla ry measurements. (everything2.com)
  • FIG. 3 illustrates a simple circuit for providing an indication of the temperature measured by the above thermometer. (google.ca)
  • Temperature is most accurate when taken orally with a digital thermometer when the person has not exercised within an hour, and when no caffeine or sugar has been ingested within an hour. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Before you take a temperature, read the instructions for how to use your type of thermometer. (healthwise.net)
  • Don't use a thermometer to take an oral temperature after it has been used to take a rectal temperature. (healthwise.net)
  • After age three, if your child cannot hold the thermometer under his tongue, either continue using a rectal thermometer or take their temperature using an ear thermometer, temporal artery thermometer, pacifier thermometer or digital thermometer under the arm. (livestrong.com)
  • You'll want to use a special basal body thermometer-it's extra-sensitive to temperature changes, so it will catch even the slightest bump or drop in a body's heat reserves. (todaysparent.com)
  • Body Temperature Thermometer History : Fever Diary is a body temperature record keeping application which helps the user to maintain the body temperature values and view the reports and statistics. (appbrain.com)
  • Newser) - In what STAT describes as an 'exhaustive' 24-page report, there's one type of thermometer that rises above the rest when it comes to gauging body temperature. (newser.com)
  • Owners measuring tank temperatures should be sure to place or aim the thermometer down to the bottom of the enclosure, where the pet actually sits, as there can be a huge temperature difference between the temperature on the floor of the tank and that of the air at the top. (petmd.com)
  • Temperature can be taken by mouth using either the classic glass thermometer, or the more modern digital thermometers that use an electronic probe to measure body temperature. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Temperatures can be taken under the arm using a glass or digital thermometer. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A special thermometer can quickly measure the temperature of the ear drum, which reflects the body's core temperature (the temperature of the internal organs). (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A special thermometer can quickly measure the temperature of the skin on the forehead. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Winner of the 2014 G-Startup Competition and the "Everyday Health Award for Innovation in Personal Health" at CES, 2015 - The STEMP Smart Temperature Patch is the thermometer reinvented for the 21st century. (megaleecher.net)
  • Step 3: A temperature reading of all four volunteers was taken every 2 minutes each with a clinical thermometer. (exampleessays.com)
  • If you don't feel confident that you will remember to take your temperature each morning, opt for a BBT thermometer with all of the bells and whistles (literally! (fertilityauthority.com)
  • Be sure to select a thermometer that is a designated 'BBT thermometer' and one that measures temperatures to two decimal places (for example: 97.75). (fertilityauthority.com)
  • The change in your body temperature is very slight, so you need to use a special thermometer. (uwhealth.org)
  • A basal thermometer shows you the temperature in tenths of a degree. (uwhealth.org)
  • My body temperature rises with anxiety, 38 plus happens just from stress. (nomorepanic.co.uk)
  • First, Tabarean led the single-cell work, examining the effect of insulin on individual warm-sensitive neurons, which fire more frequently when temperature rises. (scripps.edu)
  • Dogs with heat stroke become increasingly restless and uncomfortable as their temperature rises. (petwave.com)
  • During exercise the body's temperature rises and to try and lower this several responses occur. (exampleessays.com)
  • Then, 24 hours after the egg's release, your temperature rises and stays up for several days. (uwhealth.org)
  • In most adults, a fever is an oral temperature above 100.4°F (38°C) or a rectal or ear temperature above 101°F (38.3°C) . A child has a fever when his or her rectal temperature is 100.4°F (38°C) or higher. (rexhealth.com)
  • It has been shown that rectal temperature, for one, may widely deviate from temperature measured near the hypothalamus in the forebrain. (google.ca)
  • Taking a temperature in the armpit may not be as accurate as taking an oral or rectal temperature. (healthwise.net)
  • The enhanced low-frequency power and delayed REM sleep after bright light exposure could represent a circadian phase-shift and/or the effect of an elevated rectal temperature, possibly mediated by the suppression of melatonin. (nih.gov)
  • A temperature over 100.4°F (38°C) most often means you have a fever caused by an infection or illness. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Temperature regulation and the pathogenesis of fever. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sustained elevated body temperature associated with disease or infection is called fever . (everything2.com)
  • A high body temperature outside of the normal range can be dangerous and is considered a fever. (reference.com)
  • What Is Your Body Temperature During a Fever? (reference.com)
  • A fever is defined as any body temperature that is above the normal temperature of 98.6 F , or 37 C. The reading for adults is not considered significant u. (reference.com)
  • Also since in fever the daily routine is interrupted and the activity level falls down, the temperature also comes down. (medhelp.org)
  • Once he recovers from his fever spell the temperature will normalize. (medhelp.org)
  • In Taiwan, a temperature-monitoring campaign and describe and evaluate the body-temperature monitoring hotline for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) fever campaign and the SARS fever hotline. (cdc.gov)
  • Our investigation evaluated the community-wide body- vey, 95% (n = 1,060) of households knew about the cam- paign and 7 households reported fever. (cdc.gov)
  • A fever is one of the signs that your child is sick, but sometimes it can be hard to tell whether your child's temperature is normal or whether he has a fever. (livestrong.com)
  • An accurate temperature reading is essential to figuring out whether your child's temperature is normal or if she has a fever. (livestrong.com)
  • If the baby has a temperature of 37-37.5℃ (98.6 - 99.5℉), then it isn't regarded as fever. (wikihow.com)
  • If the temperature is 37.5-38℃ (99.5 - 100.4℉), then he or she isn't experiencing a fever either. (wikihow.com)
  • When the temperature is about 38-38.5℃ (100.4 - 101.3℉) then the baby is having a fever. (wikihow.com)
  • A fever can occur when your body is fighting an infection, such as the flu. (appbrain.com)
  • As a result, a fever in the early morning might occur at a lower temperature than a fever that appears later on in the day. (healthline.com)
  • In general, a reading that is 2°F (1.1°C) above your normal temperature is usually a sign of a fever. (healthline.com)
  • Don't worry though, a woman's body temperature wouldn't typically be so high without a fever or exercising in a very hot and humid climate before acclimatising. (nct.org.uk)
  • Maybe it's not considered a fever but it's more warm than my normal body temperature at least. (nomorepanic.co.uk)
  • We would not use absolute room temperature to infer perceived warmth, but we do use absolute body temperature to infer fever. (bmj.com)
  • This will come into the form of a non-contact infrared temperature measurement tool that has the ability to measure the user's body temperature to check for a fever. (ubergizmo.com)
  • The app generates a basal body temperature chart in order to estimate ovulation day, which is recommended for women wanting to get pregnant and have a baby. (appbrain.com)
  • The idea of low basal temperature was something I first heard from Matt Stone ( Eat for Heat , and others). (healingwell.com)
  • He got some of his information from Broda Barnes, M.D. Later, I heard about it from an Integrative/Functional Medicine Doctor (an M.D.) and then Lawrence Wilson, M.D. Finally, more from David Jernigan, D.C. Dr. Jernigan believes that the low basal temperature can be corrected, by resetting your body's 'thermostat. (healingwell.com)
  • It's one of the reasons why charting basal body temperature (BBT) was so promising when it was first connected with fertility in the early 1900s. (todaysparent.com)
  • How do you measure basal body temperature? (todaysparent.com)
  • Basal body temperature (BBT or BTP) is the lowest body temperature attained during rest (usually during sleep). (wikipedia.org)
  • medical citation needed] Charting of basal body temperatures is used in some methods of fertility awareness, such as the sympto-thermal method, and may be used to determine the onset of post-ovulatory infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basal body temperature alone is most effective at preventing pregnancy if the couple abstains from intercourse from the beginning of menstruation through the third day after the basal body temperature has risen. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of fertility awareness family planning methods, some of which use basal body temperature as one component. (wikipedia.org)
  • Records of basal body temperature can be used to accurately determine if a woman is ovulating, and if the length of the post-ovulatory (luteal) phase of her menstrual cycle is long enough to sustain a pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • What Are the Effects of an Elevated Basal Body Temperature? (wisegeek.com)
  • Those who keep track of their basal body temperature every morning may periodically notice a reading that is higher than usual. (wisegeek.com)
  • An elevated basal body temperature may indicate different things for different people. (wisegeek.com)
  • Another possible cause for an elevated basal body temperature is hyperthyroidism, because the thyroid gland's tendency to release excess hormones results in a higher metabolic rate. (wisegeek.com)
  • As a result, some women use their body temperature to give them cues about their fertility, because an elevated basal body temperature that is present for at least 18 days often indicates pregnancy. (wisegeek.com)
  • So the longer your elevated basal body temperature lasts after eighteen days, the higher the chances that you are pregnant. (wisegeek.com)
  • I have a friend who had an elevated basal body temperature for seventeen days and she was not pregnant! (wisegeek.com)
  • I've had an elevated basal body temperature for two weeks. (wisegeek.com)
  • Just curious, has anyone found out they were pregnant with a high basal body temperature that lasted less than eighteen days? (wisegeek.com)
  • Charting Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is one of the more common and most accurate ways of predicting ovulation . (fertilityauthority.com)
  • Basal Body Temperature (BBT) is the base temperature of your body after a period of rest. (fertilityauthority.com)
  • The basal body temperature (BBT) is a person's at-rest temperature. (uwhealth.org)
  • What tools do you need to take your basal body temperature? (uwhealth.org)
  • Consequently, each type of measurement has a range of normal temperatures. (wikipedia.org)
  • 37.0 °C (98.6 °F). [12] A rectal or vaginal measurement taken directly inside the body cavity is typically slightly higher than oral measurement, and oral measurement is somewhat higher than skin measurement. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are made under the unproven assumption that internal body temperature is sufiiciently uniform to permit their substitution for measurement at a site, where sensory reception of internal temperature actually takes place. (google.ca)
  • It is accordingly a primary object of the present invention to provide a meaningful measurement of body temperatures on man or animals in health and disease. (google.ca)
  • Accuryn's clinical value-precise, real-time measurement of IAP, UO and core body temperature-is supported by external research and clinical studies. (medline.com)
  • Hello, The normal range of body temperature is 98 - 99 F by oral measurement. (medhelp.org)
  • It is usually estimated by a temperature measurement immediately after awakening and before any physical activity has been undertaken. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eagle Eye Cloud VMS support for Dual Spectrum Camera Elevated Temperature Measurement is available immediately. (prweb.com)
  • Others are face recognition for temperature check up popularly known as forehead temperature measurement, automatic hand sanitizer and soap dispenser. (ippmedia.com)
  • Main outcome measures Baseline temperatures at individual level, estimated using random effects regression and controlling for ambient conditions at the time of measurement, body site, and time factors. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Individuals' baseline temperatures showed meaningful variation that was not due solely to measurement error or environmental factors. (bmj.com)
  • Open for crowd-funding support now at Indiegogo , the STEMP™ sensor, medical-grade adhesives, and smartphone apps work together seamlessly to provide immediate, accurate, continuous body temperature measurement. (megaleecher.net)
  • [12] Other circumstances also affect the body's temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regardless of any other tips you learn, it helps to know the most efficient spots to cool yourself off so you can reduce your body's temperature efficiently. (lifehacker.com)
  • Dear all, my name is andy and I have a problem regarding my body's temperature regulation. (healthboards.com)
  • Even more vital to survival is the human body's complex, integrated system that maintains precise control over the body's temperature even when it generates tremendous quantities of internal heat through strenuous activity or is exposed to wide-ranging external temperatures. (icr.org)
  • There are even pacifier thermometers to make it easier to get your infant or toddler's temperature. (livestrong.com)
  • And oral and other thermometers that measure core body temperature are designed only for periodic use and aren't meant to be strapped on for constant detection. (eurekalert.org)
  • Thermometers in this section have specific features such as announcing the users temperature, making them suitable for use by someone who may not be able to read a traditional thermometer's display. (livingmadeeasy.org.uk)
  • IN a bid to contain the spreading of the coronavirus pandemic, Serena Hotels' franchise in Tanzania has deployed sensor fitted body temperature reading thermometers at all main receptions in the country. (ippmedia.com)
  • Because not all thermometers and measuring techniques are accurate, daily body temperature measuring can lead to unnecessary worry about being sick. (zocdoc.com)
  • Temperature can also be measured on your forehead. (rexhealth.com)
  • Most models are designed to take your temperature from either your ear or your forehead. (livingmadeeasy.org.uk)
  • As ambient temperature was lowered toward 1°C, forehead and back temperatures became increasingly greater than ambient temperature (Fig. 3), indicating an increasing thermal flux across these parts of the body. (springer.com)
  • Forehead and back temperatures were linear functions of ambient temperature below thermoneutrality and behaved as expected according to a model of thermal exchange developed here. (springer.com)
  • 7002309927777777777♠ 98.2 ± 0.9 °F ). [10] This means that any oral temperature between 36.3 and 37.3 °C (97.3 and 99.1 °F) is likely to be normal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most people think a normal body temperature is an oral temperature (by mouth) of 98.6°F (37°C) . This is an average of normal body temperatures. (rexhealth.com)
  • In the US, the normal, oral temperature of adults is, on average, lower than the canonical 37°C established in the 19th century. (marginalrevolution.com)
  • Do not take an oral temperature immediately after giving the child a hot drink. (livestrong.com)
  • Do not take an oral temperature immediately after giving the child a hot drink, or take the temperature at all if the child has just had a bath or is bundled up in lots of clothes, as this can give a higher and inaccurate reading, according to Family Doctor. (livestrong.com)
  • Smoking, drinking and eating can have significant effects on oral temperature readings. (fitday.com)
  • Now a new analysis of temperature readings taken over the past 157 years has determined that the German was right, but that our bodies have since steadily cooled down. (theweek.com)
  • Accuryn urinary catheters provide convenient, accurate readings for both core body temperature and urine output. (medline.com)
  • Temperature readings can also vary slightly based on the method of temperature reading and the time of day that the person's temperature is taken. (ehow.co.uk)
  • You can view graph of your body temperature history automatically as soon as you save your temperature readings. (appbrain.com)
  • Though high temperature readings warrant medical attention, low readings are equally as important. (thedoctorstv.com)
  • And temperature readings from the mouth are often lower than readings from the ear or rectum. (healthline.com)
  • They combine information from both spectrums to obtain temperature readings more accurately on the human face. (prweb.com)
  • Once swallowed, the Equivital EQ02 capsule transmits temperature readings to the Equivital belt that additionally measures pulse and respiration rate, as well as skin temperature. (medgadget.com)
  • The range for normal ( healthy ) human body temperature is 97.5° F (36.2° C) to 98.9° F (37.2° C), but up to 5 percent of the population have a body temperature that falls outside this range ( my own average body temperature, for example, is a cool 96.8° ). (everything2.com)
  • Is U.S. average body temperature decreasing? (marginalrevolution.com)
  • In babies and children, the average body temperature ranges from 97.9°F (36.6°C) to 99°F (37.2°C). (healthline.com)
  • Among adults, the average body temperature ranges from 97°F (36.1°C) to 99°F (37.2°C). (healthline.com)
  • In older adults, the average body temperature is lower than 98.6°F (36.2°C). (healthline.com)
  • German doctor Carl Wunderlich identified the average body temperature of 98.6°F (37°C) during the 19th century. (healthline.com)
  • But in 1992, results from a study suggested abandoning this average in favor of a slightly lower average body temperature of 98.2°F (36.8°C). (healthline.com)
  • A 2017 study among 35,000 adults in the United Kingdom found average body temperature to be lower (97.9°F), and a 2019 study showed that the normal body temperature in Americans (those in Palo Alto, California, anyway) is about 97.5°F. (news-medical.net)
  • In the 16 years since Gurven, co-director of the Tsimane Health and Life History Project, and fellow researchers have been studying the population, they have observed a rapid decline in average body temperature -- 0.09°F per year, such that today Tsimane body temperatures are roughly 97.7°F. (news-medical.net)
  • If you want to track your BBT, you'll want to take it orally first thing in the morning before you get out of bed (excess movement can affect your temperature). (todaysparent.com)
  • The lowest temperature occurs about two hours before the person normally wakes up. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a low body temperature occurs with other symptoms, such as chills, shaking, breathing problems, or confusion, then this may be a sign of more serious illness. (rexhealth.com)
  • Heatstroke occurs when the body fails to control its own temperature and body temperature keeps rising. (rexhealth.com)
  • When that occurs the temperature will frequently go down below 98.0 F, and patients will often develop symptoms as described above (the body can conserve energy by shutting down energy spent on expendible items such as hair, skin, and nails). (wilsonssyndrome.com)
  • 4) Cold tolerance or supercooling occurs nin many poikilotherms when body temperature is brought down without frezing of body fluids. (exampleessays.com)
  • [12] While some people think of these averages as representing normal or ideal measurements, a wide range of temperatures has been found in healthy people. (wikipedia.org)
  • These measurements are usually of limited value in studying the temperature regulating mechanisms. (google.ca)
  • All patients were exposed to all the three methods of treatment in a random fashion and all the treatments given had the analysis of variance between groups to evaluate the temperature differences from the first to the last measurements. (medindia.net)
  • Once taken, you can log your temperature on a fertility tracking app (like Fertility Friend or Ovia) that will automatically plot a graph based on your daily measurements. (todaysparent.com)
  • And the Bluetooth module transmits temperature measurements to a custom smartphone app. (eurekalert.org)
  • Eagle Eye Networks Cloud VMS is fully integrated with the access control systems, such as the cloud based Brivo Access, which can connect the temperature measurements to the names of people entering the building. (prweb.com)
  • The technique is based on measurements of the heavy isotopes carbon-13 and oxygen-18, which tend to bond together in a way that depends on temperature. (newscientist.com)
  • By making these measurements in eggshells in much smaller species, we can eliminate this body mass effect on body temperatures and really get at their physiology in a better way than was possible previously," Eagle says. (newscientist.com)
  • When clinicians take patients' temperatures in the clinic or hospital, they compare the measurements with the population average. (bmj.com)
  • Information on external temperatures is passed on to the hypothalamus, which immediately makes changes to the effectors to maintain a constant body temperature. (reference.com)
  • Temperatures occasionally drop as a result of extremely low external temperatures. (ehow.co.uk)
  • When external temperatures are higher than a dog's body temperature, even panting can't cool it down. (petwave.com)
  • Regulation of body temperature. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Mice with a non-functioning TRalpha 1 receptor cannot properly regulate their body temperature, and this is due to impaired control of their blood vessels, in areas where they are used for temperature regulation, such as the tail. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A growing number of studies are finding that temperature regulation plays a role in many cases of chronic insomnia. (mercola.com)
  • Temperature regulating water-mattresses would aid in better regulation of body temperature in burns patients than conventional methods, study suggests. (medindia.net)
  • There are other methods to increase body temperature besides the three modalities studied here which include invasive techniques such as the use of intravascular thermal regulation catheters. (medindia.net)
  • Reptiles are ectotherms - cold-blooded animals whose body temperature regulation depends on external sources, such as direct sunlight or a heater. (petmd.com)
  • While much research has been conducted on insulin since its discovery in the 1920s, this is the first time the hormone has been connected to the fundamental process of temperature regulation. (scripps.edu)
  • The connection to temperature regulation in the brain is new. (scripps.edu)
  • The laboratory of Tamas Bartfai, who is chair of the Department of Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences, director of the Harold Dorris Neurological Research Institute, and a member of The Skaggs Institute of Chemical Biology at Scripps Research, has been investigating the biology of temperature regulation for almost a decade. (scripps.edu)
  • Hypothesizing that insulin was acting in the regulation of core body temperature because of its presence in warm-sensitive neurons, the scientists set out to investigate. (scripps.edu)
  • In conjunction with the use of a scientific model to help describe and interpret the regulation of human body temperature. (exampleessays.com)
  • The newer methods to regulate body temperature include the AllonTM2001 Thermowrap which is a temperature regulating water-mattress which works by fluid convection , and KanMed Warmcloud which is a temperature regulating air-mattress which works by air convection . (medindia.net)
  • This is because our ability to regulate body temperature decreases with age. (healthline.com)
  • The whole brain helps regulate body temperature, but the main thermoregulatory center is the hypothalamus (located midline in the brain behind the eyes), which possesses two specialized sections: a heat-losing center and a heat-promoting center. (icr.org)
  • Like the majority of readers who responded, she was told that she was producing thyroxine but that the body was not able to process it (a low body temperature indicates low tri-iodothyronine intake or low conversion of thyroxine to tri-iodothyronine, which is associated with hypothyroidism and Wilson's Temperature Syndrome, or WTS). (healthy.net)
  • There are some conditions that can cause a low temperature-- hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism, liver diseases, and adrenal insufficiency. (medhelp.org)
  • Other factors that may increase risk are disease of the hypothalamus , the part of the brain that regulates appetite and body temperature, and hypothyroidism, a condition characterized by low levels of thyroid hormone in the body. (petmd.com)
  • A very bad infection, such as sepsis , may also cause an abnormal low body temperature. (rexhealth.com)
  • Abnormal temperature may indicate inflammation, systemic infection or sepsis. (medline.com)
  • Regulating body temperature is essential for optimal health, and it is important that dog owners recognise the signs of an abnormal temperature. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The technology is highly accurate because it detects temperature and doesn't allow individuals with abnormal body temperatures to access the lodge. (ippmedia.com)
  • A cold shower does wonders in carrying off excess body heat. (nytimes.com)
  • You can implement pre-cooling techniques to keep your body temperature lower once you're out in the heat. (lifehacker.com)
  • Because your body diverts oxygen to your skin to help cool you down in hot weather, you'll find it especially hard to exercise in the heat. (lifehacker.com)
  • But speaking about cold and hot weather, a recommendation for very cold weather is NOT to drink alcohol as it dilate your blood vessels and make your body to lose heat. (lifehacker.com)
  • In turn, this affects how much heat can escape the body. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Shown through infrared imaging, at room temperature, the tail blood vessels do not constrict properly, and too much heat is lost. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The mice cannot defend their body temperature correctly, and therefore need to generate heat from their brown fat to keep warm. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When the researchers gave the mice a drug (midodrine) to artificially cause vascular constriction, they found that this reversed the heat loss from the tail, meaning the mice could maintain normal body temperature, and activation of the brown fat was "turned off. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Body temperature is a measure of your body's ability to make and get rid of heat. (rexhealth.com)
  • This reduces blood flow to your skin to save body heat. (rexhealth.com)
  • According to the University of New Mexico (UNM), the human body maintains temperature by keeping a strict balance between heat loss and heat gain. (reference.com)
  • Humans regulate the generation and preservation of heat in order to maintain internal body temperature, which is also called core temperature. (reference.com)
  • The body ceases sweating, performs vasoconstriction to decrease the heat flow to the skin, secrets thyroxine, epinephrine and norepinephrine to boost heat production and shivers to increase production of heat in the muscles. (reference.com)
  • Not only are these heat conditions potentially deadly, the increase of heat in the body also affects physical performance. (military.com)
  • Probably the most significant factor in limiting muscular performance during prolonged, high level work is the build up of heat in the muscles and the body core. (military.com)
  • A device called Core Control ( http://www.avacore.com/ ) that can get this heat out of the body as efficiently as possible has been researched and developed by physiologists from Stanford University, Dr. Craig Heller and Dr. Dennis Grahn. (military.com)
  • means serially coupling said therapy pad, said pump means and said heat exchanger whereby the temperature of the therapy pad may be precisely maintained. (google.es)
  • 2. The temperature control system of Claim 1, wherein the heat exchanger includes a thermoelectric cooler having an air exchange means, whereby air is caused to flow there across to effect the removal of heat laden air. (google.es)
  • 9/25/2013 - The heat inside the human body has a huge say on how it adapts to temperature changes. (naturalnews.com)
  • Australian parrots from arid environments have a high capacity to utilize evaporative heat dissipation to defend body temperature in hot conditions. (biologists.org)
  • A hot dog will lie in cool, shady spots and pant heavily in an attempt to release excess heat from the body. (ehow.co.uk)
  • A dog with a low body temperature will shiver in an attempt to stimulate muscles and produce extra body heat. (ehow.co.uk)
  • That heat needs to dissipate to the environment in order to keep your core temperature from rising too high, and your body sheds the heat by increasing blood flow to the skin and sweating. (healingwell.com)
  • So your body temperature will rise for about half an hour until it plateaus when you're losing enough heat through your skin to keep your body from baking. (healingwell.com)
  • Body temperature measures a person's ability to generate and eliminate heat. (ehow.co.uk)
  • A healthy body eliminates excess heat through sweat and generates heat by making you shiver and constricting your blood vessels so that they stop giving off heat. (ehow.co.uk)
  • These things raise a person's temperature because the body is trying to eliminate foreign subjects (such as a medication or infection) by releasing them through heat energy. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The person may sweat a lot, but the body still makes more heat than it can lose. (healthwise.net)
  • Check for a very high body temperature in people who have been exposed to heat. (healthwise.net)
  • Body temperature is a measure of how well your body can make and get rid of heat. (healthwise.net)
  • Heat is held in the body and lost through the skin. (livestrong.com)
  • Consequently, large people retain a warm body temperature easily, and heat dissipates across their skin slowly. (livestrong.com)
  • An overweight person also has a higher percentage of body fat -- an insulator -- which facilitates heat retention. (livestrong.com)
  • Extreme heat can affect your body in ways you might not expect, and your performance can suffer as a result. (stack.com)
  • out, our body can give off some heat to warm us up. (coursera.org)
  • Smaller breeds and very young animals, more prone to rapid surface loss of body heat, are at higher risk, as are old (geriatric) pets. (petmd.com)
  • The enclosure is constructed for transferring a heat transfer liquid into direct contact with the portion of the patient's body received. (google.com)
  • The enclosure is constructed for transferring a heat transfer liquid into direct contact with the portion of the patient's body received in the enclosure to promote heat transfer between the patient's body and the heat transfer liquid. (google.com)
  • Most insects are cold-blooded and don't generate body heat internally the same way as humans but rather track it in the environment, he said. (thestar.com)
  • Foods that contain more fat, protein, and carbohydrates often heat the body up a little bit while digesting food," says Swanson. (time.com)
  • Anytime you are putting more energy through the system, whether it be digestion or weight lifting, your body has a tendency to heat up. (time.com)
  • Newswise - ATLANTA-New discoveries about the mechanism responsible for heat generation in the body related to fat tissue oppose classical views in the field and could lead to new ways to fight metabolic disorders associated with obesity, according to a study led by Georgia State University. (newswise.com)
  • Brown adipose tissue dissipates energy by producing heat to maintain body temperature. (newswise.com)
  • Understanding brown fat heat generation in our body can help us design new approaches to boost energy expenditure and improve metabolic health. (newswise.com)
  • On the other hand, Oviraptor , a theropod about 2 metres long and 35 kilograms in weight, had a body temperature around 32 °C. This is still warmer than crocodiles and their relatives, suggesting that oviraptors generated some heat internally to keep their bodies above the ambient temperature and allow them to be more active. (newscientist.com)
  • The finding is significant because larger animals are better able to retain heat and so would be expected to have higher body temperatures. (newscientist.com)
  • But a research team led by Chemical Engineering Professor Mitch Anthamatten at the University of Rochester created a material that undergoes a shape change that can be triggered by body heat alone, opening the door for new medical and other applications. (innovations-report.com)
  • Anthamatten says the shape-memory polymer could have a variety of applications, including sutures, artificial skin, body-heat assisted medical dispensers, and self-fitting apparel. (innovations-report.com)
  • The idea stems from the fact that a cooler core body temperature would mean there is less heat to shed and thus fewer calories being burned, which animal research has suggested could be the case. (reuters.com)
  • We discuss the risks of hot weather and high body temperature during pregnancy, and how to beat the heat. (nct.org.uk)
  • 7. The head-cooling device of claim 1 further comprising a body-cooling device in fluid communication with the cap such that the cooling fluid can flow into and out of the body-cooling device, which body-cooling device optionally further comprises at least one heat transfer membrane configured to cover a body portion. (google.co.uk)
  • A processor coupled to the tissue analyzer and energy source, the processor configured to determine an appropriate treatment energy for the characterized body tissue so as to mildly heat the body tissue with the energy delivery portion without ablating. (google.de)
  • However, the difficulty of that task cannot be fully appreciated without considering the quantity of heat energy the body needs to manage. (icr.org)
  • In fact, about 60 percent of daily energy needs--enough heat to raise the temperature of 20 pounds of water about 2°F every hour--is expended just staying alive. (icr.org)
  • For every one hour of hard work or exercise, the heat generated could raise the temperature of the same water almost 20°F--and well-trained athletes can produce almost twice as much heat. (icr.org)
  • Some engineers assert that offices built to optimal energy efficiency could be heated through the winter using only the body heat of the occupants themselves. (icr.org)
  • The body has two distinct specialized cells--heat sensors and cold sensors called 'thermoreceptors'--that are capable of detecting a temperature change as low as 0.4°F. To keep surveillance on the outside world, hundreds of thermoreceptors are optimally located in the skin, mucous membranes of the nose and mouth, the eyes, and in some muscles. (icr.org)
  • The heat-losing center and heat-promoting center each have body systems under its control that can be regulated to keep heat production equal to heat loss. (icr.org)
  • So when it is hot outside or increased physical exertion raises the body temperature above the set point, the activated heat-losing center first inhibits the signal to tiny muscle fibers lining blood vessels in the skin. (icr.org)
  • The surface temperature of the extraordinarily large pinnae remained close to ambient temperature down to 10°C (Fig. 3), indicating that deep pinna temperature likely falls with decreasing ambient temperature and that the pinnae, despite their size, are not major sites of heat loss at low ambient temperatures. (springer.com)
  • These chemical reactions are what produces the heat that causes a slight augmentation in body temperature. (fitday.com)
  • Sumowski J, Leavitt V: Body temperature is elevated and linked to fatigue in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, even without heat exposure. (eurekalert.org)
  • The potential of controlling human body thermal status through monitoring temperature and heat flux indices of the fingers was evaluated. (sae.org)
  • The scientists found that when insulin was injected directly into a specific area of the brain in rodents, core body temperature rose, metabolism increased, and brown adipose (fat) tissue was activated to release heat. (scripps.edu)
  • The scientists suspected that insulin in the brain might work to warm the body through a specific pathway involving signals that traveled from the brain's preoptic area, down the spinal cord, to neurons that direct brown adipose tissue to expend energy to produce heat. (scripps.edu)
  • Heat stroke, also called non-pyrogenic hyperthermia, is an elevation of a dog's core body temperature due to internal production of excess heat, exposure to high environmental temperatures or failure of its body to disseminate heat properly. (petwave.com)
  • Dogs dissipate body heat by panting, which helps them bring in cooler air from the outside. (petwave.com)
  • According to Australian Associated Press , some of the firefighters battling brush fires on the continent this summer are using a new wireless ingestable pill coupled with the Hidalgo 's Equivital belt to watch their core body temperature and prevent heat related illnesses. (medgadget.com)
  • The Australian firefighters noticed heat related stress when operating in hot environments even when body surface temperature wasn't terribly high, leading them to discover that core temperature goes up earlier than thought. (medgadget.com)
  • This allows you to note tiny changes in body heat. (uwhealth.org)
  • Temperatures in this range help facilitate the decrease in core body temperature that in turn initiates sleepiness. (mercola.com)
  • The hypothalamus, which is found in the brain, is considered the body's thermostat, as it regulates the core temperature. (reference.com)
  • It responds to different temperature receptors in the body and makes necessary physiological adjustments to maintain a constant core temperature. (reference.com)
  • On the National Geographic Channel Fight Science - Special Ops Episode, you will see the effects of body core temperature in both extremes (high and low body core temperatures) and how science is able to manage them both. (military.com)
  • If, I do get colder I refur to it as 'Bone Cold' it's a warning for my body to get into a warm bath to bring my core temp up. (healthboards.com)
  • Continuous core body temperature saves steps. (medline.com)
  • Monitoring core body temperature is a key practice, which can lead to better outcomes. (medline.com)
  • How this affects your core temperature depends on your body's shape and surface area to mass ratio," Jay says. (healingwell.com)
  • Many life-extending manipulations in rodents, such as caloric restriction, also decrease core body temperature. (mendeley.com)
  • The third procedure is by active core heating of the internal body surfaces by intravenous infusion of warm fluids, body-cavity lavage and airway rewarming. (medindia.net)
  • Core temperature was ascertained using a thermistor inserted in the bladder. (medindia.net)
  • An "earable " sensor can track core body temperature -- a key health indicator -- continuously. (eurekalert.org)
  • Now researchers report in the journal ACS Sensors that they have developed a 3-D printed sensor worn on the ear that measures one of the most basic medical indicators of health in real time: core body temperature. (eurekalert.org)
  • The ups and downs of core body temperature can signal a range of health conditions. (eurekalert.org)
  • So Ali Javey and colleagues set out to develop a convenient device to monitor core body temperature in real time on a continuous basis. (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers integrated data processing circuits, a wireless module and an infrared sensor, which detects ear (and thus core body) temperature, in a 3-D printed device. (eurekalert.org)
  • The only way I can describe it is, if you were stuck out in the cold your body would start shutting off circulation to your outer extremities to keep your core warm. (sensory-processing-disorder.com)
  • those changes and still maintain our body core temperature. (coursera.org)
  • adjustments, so that we maintain the core temperature. (coursera.org)
  • us respond to changes in core temperature. (coursera.org)
  • 5. Apparatus as set forth in claim 4 wherein the control system is preprogrammed to shut off the liquid delivery system when the core body temperature of the patient reaches within 2 C. of the target temperature to prevent the patient's core body temperature from falling below the target temperature. (google.com)
  • 6. Apparatus as set forth in claim 5 wherein the control system is preprogrammed to shut off the liquid delivery system when the core body temperature reaches within 1 C. of the target temperature. (google.com)
  • 7. Apparatus as set forth in claim 4 wherein the control system is preprogrammed to send a warning to a user if the core body temperature falls below the target temperature. (google.com)
  • People with extra body fat may not have a lower core body temperature than thinner folks, according to a study - contradicting one theory on what could lead some people to gain more weight. (reuters.com)
  • Past research has found that genetically altered obese mice have a lower core temperature - along with a slower than normal metabolism and bigger appetite. (reuters.com)
  • In one experiment among several comparing the average core temperature of a group of obese adults with that of thinner men and women, 46 obese and 35 normal-weight or overweight adults swallowed wireless, temperature-sensing capsules to keep track of their core temperature for 24 hours. (reuters.com)
  • In another experiment, the capsules were used to measure core temperature in 19 obese and 11 normal-weight people for 48 hours, while the participants kept a record of their daily activities. (reuters.com)
  • But there may be certain people for whom a lower core temperature has some impact on weight, and studies of people with alterations in genes that regulate core temperature could offer more insight into whether body temperature has a role in a risk for obesity, he added. (reuters.com)
  • Disgust elevates core body temperature and up-regulates certain oral immune markers. (nih.gov)
  • In this study we examine whether disgust can also elevate core body temperature (BT), a further feature of an immune response to disease. (nih.gov)
  • TRPM2 is found throughout the body and is integrally involved in regulating core body temperature, mediating immune responses and governing apoptosis, the programmed death of cells. (eurekalert.org)
  • Biochemical processes, particularly enzyme activities, within these organs are essential for life and function best in a narrow temperature range of 96 to 101°F, which is called the 'core' body temperature range. (icr.org)
  • If core body temperature varies by about 10°F above or below this range, it poses a high risk of being lethal. (icr.org)
  • It is critical to balance the body temperature within the core range. (icr.org)
  • This allows the hypothalamus to anticipate external temperature changes that may affect core temperature and begin processes to adjust body temperature accordingly. (icr.org)
  • The actual core temperature is monitored by the hypothalamus itself using thermoreceptors that measure the temperature of blood within this core organ. (icr.org)
  • Yet doctors have forgotten this lesson when measuring core body temperature. (bmj.com)
  • In medical school, students are taught that humans have a core body temperature as a species, not as individuals. (bmj.com)
  • Temperature changes on the skin surface changed body comfort significantly but did not affect core temperature. (sae.org)
  • A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered a direct link between insulin-a hormone long associated with metabolism and metabolic disorders such as diabetes-and core body temperature. (scripps.edu)
  • In addition to suggesting a fresh perspective on diseases such as diabetes that involve the disruption of insulin pathways, the study adds to our understanding of core body temperature-the temperature of those parts of the body containing vital organs, namely the trunk and the head. (scripps.edu)
  • Normally, core body temperature stays within a narrow range so that key enzymatic reactions can occur. (scripps.edu)
  • More modest variations in core body temperature are associated with our daily 24-hour sleep-wake cycle, the female monthly hormonal cycle, and, intriguingly, the effects of severe calorie restriction. (scripps.edu)
  • Our paper highlights the possibility that differences in core temperature may play a role in obesity and may represent a therapeutic area in future drug design," added Osborn. (scripps.edu)
  • These cells exist only in the preoptic area of the brain, which is known to regulate core body temperature. (scripps.edu)
  • Q1 Why the body temperature must be maintained around 37°C Homeostasis ensures that the body's internal environment is kept at a moderately constant/stable in core properties such as pH and temperature. (exampleessays.com)
  • Normal human body temperature , also known as normothermia or euthermia , is the typical temperature range found in humans . (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal human body temperature varies slightly from person to person and by the time of day. (wikipedia.org)
  • The normal human body temperature is often stated as 36.5-37.5 °C (97.7-99.5 °F). [8] In adults a review of the literature has found a wider range of 33.2-38.2 °C (91.8-100.8 °F) for normal temperatures, depending on the gender and location measured. (wikipedia.org)
  • The "normal" human body temperature is around 98.6ºF. (theawesomer.com)
  • After the first trimester, the woman's body temperature drops to her pre-ovulatory normal as the placenta takes over functions previously performed by the corpus luteum. (wikipedia.org)
  • A low body temperature may occur with an infection. (rexhealth.com)
  • Temperatures drop for several different reasons, including shock, drug use, vitamin or mineral deficiency or severe infection. (ehow.co.uk)
  • If your body temperature goes significantly lower than your norm, among other things, it could be a sign of a blood stream infection or sepsis. (rutgers.edu)
  • Low body temperatures in young children or seniors can signify metabolic disorders, low blood sugar or sepsis, a severe infection of the blood stream that can be fatal. (thedoctorstv.com)
  • For many people, a suddenly high temperature means there is an infection. (wisegeek.com)
  • Our results suggest that reduced infection alone can't explain the observed body temperature declines. (news-medical.net)
  • It could be that people are in better condition, so their bodies might be working less to fight infection, he continued. (news-medical.net)
  • Consistent with that argument, Gurven said, 'We found that having a respiratory infection in the early period of the study led to having a higher body temperature than having the same respiratory infection more recently. (news-medical.net)
  • In some very rare cases, a low body temperature can mean a severe infection. (zocdoc.com)
  • Take your temperature a few times when you are well. (healthwise.net)
  • In addition, how you take your temperature can affect the reading. (healthline.com)
  • I would suggest that you take your temperature when you think you may be getting sick. (zocdoc.com)
  • Take your temperature at the same time every day before getting out of bed. (uwhealth.org)
  • The vital signs - heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, respiration rate, and pain - communicate important information about the physiological status of the human body. (coursera.org)
  • The hypothalamus, as is well known, has, among other ascribed functions, that of regulating the mechanism (vascular, glandular, etc.) by which, in animals of constant temperature, the body temperature is maintained steady despite environmental changes. (google.ca)
  • A secondary object of the present invention is to provide an indication representing the operating temperature of the human thermostat, that is, the anterior hypothalamus which functions to maintain the body temperature at a constant value in the presence of environmental temperature variations. (google.ca)
  • By monitoring the temperature of the tympanic membrane, which structure is the closest one can conveniently get to the anterior hypothalamus without surgery, meaningful information concerning the behavior of this region can be obtained. (google.ca)
  • The hypothalamus triggers changes to effectors, such as sweat glands and muscles that control body hair. (reference.com)
  • When the weather is hot, temperature receptors in the skin send signals to the hypothalamus, causing an increase in sweat to cool the body. (reference.com)
  • For most people, average temperature is 98.6°F, which is the 'set point' established by the master temperature regulator within the brain--the hypothalamus. (icr.org)
  • The hypothalamus effects changes in response to alterations in body temperature by activating adjustments to effectors in the form of muscles manipulating body hair movement and operation of the sweat glands. (exampleessays.com)
  • The hypothalamus is the body's main body temperature regulating centre. (exampleessays.com)
  • 2007-2017)-we determined that mean body temperature in men and women, after adjusting for age, height, weight and, in some models date and time of day, has decreased monotonically by 0.03°C per birth decade. (marginalrevolution.com)
  • A temperature taken in the armpit will be a little lower than an oral reading. (rexhealth.com)
  • The average normal body temperature is generally accepted as 98.6°F (37°C). Some studies have shown that the "normal" body temperature can have a wide range, from 97°F (36.1°C) to 99°F (37.2°C). (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is a range around the optimal calculation where different mammals have settled depending on their specific needs, but most advanced mammals have temperatures in the 96.8 to 104 F range (36 to 40 C), Casadevall told Life's Little Mysteries. (livescience.com)
  • Temperatures that fall too far below or above this range can lead to restlessness. (mercola.com)
  • The body is very good at keeping its temperature within a safe range, even when temperatures outside the body change a lot. (rexhealth.com)
  • The strange thing is if I do any activity (walking around the house, the stairs, making dinner) my temperature drops with the activity, down into the 96.6 range. (healingwell.com)
  • Nonetheless, an inverse relationship between temperature and lifespan can be obscured or reversed, especially when the range of body temperatures is small as in homeotherms. (mendeley.com)
  • 13. The structure of claim 7 wherein said narrow range of temperature is further defined as being approximately 0.3 C. (google.es)
  • What Is the Normal Body Temperature Range? (healthline.com)
  • The rise in temperatures can most commonly be seen the day after ovulation, but this varies and BBTs can only be used to estimate ovulation within a three-day range. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, as temperatures rise outside the normal range, proteins--particularly enzymes--start losing both their shape and function, while nerve tissue activity is increasingly depressed. (icr.org)
  • Temperature can vary due to emotional and psychological reactions, illness and a range of other factors. (fitday.com)
  • There are a wide range of factors that can affect your body temperature. (fitday.com)
  • Any reptile owner who suspects that their pet may be hypothermic should immediately measure the temperature in the pet's tank, both at the warmest and the coolest areas, to determine the temperature range in the enclosure. (petmd.com)
  • A cooling/warming suit was used that provided a range of uniform and nonuniform temperature regimes on the body surface. (sae.org)
  • Homeotherms are endothermic animals that maintain a very consistent body temperature within a very narrow temperature range. (exampleessays.com)
  • Body surface temperatures of three Allactaga elater and one A. hotsoni were measured by infrared radiography at ambient temperatures of 1° to 42°C. In each test the radiant temperature of environmental surfaces was the same as air temperature. (springer.com)
  • At ambient temperatures of 40-42°C, the temperature of the entire body surface was close to ambient temperature. (springer.com)
  • Their analysis is based on a large sample of 18,000 observations of almost 5,500 adults, and adjust for multiple other factors that might affect body temperatures, such as ambient temperature and body mass. (news-medical.net)
  • Body temperature can also be normally affected by such things as extreme physical activity , ovulation and pregnancy in women, and smoking . (everything2.com)
  • This base temperature changes throughout the menstrual cycle, alongside hormones like estrogen and progesterone, and spikes slightly right before ovulation (by about 0.4°F to 0.2°C), as the body's production of progesterone increases. (todaysparent.com)
  • These apps will also identify ovulation by highlighting the day when your temperature spikes enough to indicate an egg's release. (todaysparent.com)
  • The rise in temperature happens post-ovulation, when the fertility window is almost closed. (todaysparent.com)
  • The tendency of a woman to have lower temperatures before ovulation, and higher temperatures afterwards, is known as a biphasic temperature pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • After ovulation, the temperature will be raised by at least 0.2 °C (0.4 °F), for at least 72 hours, compared to the previous six days. (wikipedia.org)
  • For women of childbearing age, a higher-than-normal temperature usually indicates ovulation or pregnancy, which is why some women who are trying to achieve or avoid pregnancy keep track of their body temperature. (wisegeek.com)
  • Once ovulation takes place toward the middle of the cycle, progesterone increases, as does the temperature of the body. (wisegeek.com)
  • Many researchers in this domain have been striving to find relationships between intra-vaginal temperature and certain female health conditions, such as ovulation and fertile period since woman's intra-vaginal temperature is one of the body parameters most preferred in such studies. (mdpi.com)
  • This novel intra-body sensor provides data collection that is used for studying the relation between temperature variations and female health conditions, such as anticipation and monitoring of the ovulation period, detection of pregnancy contractions, preterm labor prevention, etc. (mdpi.com)
  • Noting from the previous body temp drops I'd come down with not so nice a bugga-boo. (healthboards.com)
  • To be cold sensitive means that if an animal's body temperature drops to a critical point, the animal cannot sustain the normal metabolism and cell function and will die. (newswise.com)
  • In this six-part course we explore the anatomy and physiology underlying the vital signs so that you will develop a systematic, integrated understanding of how the body functions. (coursera.org)
  • Objective To estimate individual level body temperature and to correlate it with other measures of physiology and health. (bmj.com)
  • Baseline temperatures correlated with demographics, comorbid conditions, and physiology, but these factors explained only a small part of individual temperature variation. (bmj.com)
  • Body temperature deviations, after all, can have their roots in individual physiology, such as age 1 2 and circadian, 3 metabolic, 4 and ovulatory cycles. (bmj.com)
  • A dr once told me that not everyone's normal body temperature is 98.6 -- it can be higher or lower per each individual's physiology. (veganbodybuilding.com)
  • Physiological and biochemical process rates and, usually, behavioral responsiveness increase with temperature. (biologists.org)
  • The mechanisms involved in the relationship between temperature and longevity also appear to be less direct than once thought with neuroendocrine processes possibly mediating complex physiological responses to temperature changes. (mendeley.com)
  • Why should someone's physiological state be compared with an absolute standard temperature? (bmj.com)
  • This method has many disadvantages such as creating a room temperature which is not amenable for the staff working with the patient. (medindia.net)
  • He said researchers raised fruit flies from eggs through to their maggot stages at a room temperature of 21 C, and when they were adults half the flies were transferred to a 6 C space. (thestar.com)
  • This common experience about room temperature has some interesting lessons for body temperature and how we measure it. (bmj.com)
  • To know how warm or cold someone feels, we would not look at room temperature alone. (bmj.com)
  • Individuals have different baseline propensities to feel hot or cold-at any given absolute room temperature. (bmj.com)
  • Even modest variations in temperature can have profound effects on organisms, and it has long been thought that as metabolism increases at higher temperatures so should rates of ageing. (mendeley.com)
  • women generally have lower temps and live longer (I'm male)) but I just did a search and there's a bunch of sites that say very negative things about having a low body temp. (veganbodybuilding.com)
  • Body temperature can be measured using different devices placed against the mouth, nose, ear, armpit or rectum. (ehow.co.uk)
  • If they can't, then use the rectum, ear, or armpit to take the temperature. (healthwise.net)
  • Body temperature is usually measured in the mouth, under the armpit or in the anus. (wikipedia.org)
  • It might be even closer to normal, given that many scientists now consider 98.2 F (37.77 C) to be the true normal temperature for humans. (livescience.com)
  • Temperature control ( thermoregulation ) is part of a homeostatic mechanism that keeps the organism at optimum operating temperature , as the temperature affects the rate of chemical reactions . (wikipedia.org)
  • Thermoregulation, or the modulation of body temperature, changes as your metabolism and body fat percentage shift. (livestrong.com)
  • Drugs, Biogenic Amines and Body Temperature: 3rd Symposium on The Pharmacology of Thermoregulation, Banff, Alta. (waterstones.com)
  • Persistent low body temperatures and symptoms in the face of normal thyroid blood tests is called Wilson's Temperature Syndrome. (wilsonssyndrome.com)
  • In humans , the average internal temperature is 37.0 °C (98.6 °F), though it varies among individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] The body temperature of a healthy person varies during the day by about 0.5 °C (0.9 °F) with lower temperatures in the morning and higher temperatures in the late afternoon and evening, as the body's needs and activities change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal body temperature varies by person and can also increase or decrease as a person ages, changes environment, changes diet or alters medication. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Body temperature varies from person to person based on each person's metabolism speed, medication and environment. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Keep in mind that normal body temperature varies from person to person. (healthline.com)
  • Body temperature varies throughout the day, depending on the outside temperature, your level of activity and what you eat and drink. (fitday.com)
  • The normal body temperature of a person varies depending on gender, recent activity, food and fluid consumption, time of day, and, in women, the stage of the menstrual cycle. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Measuring the body temperature rectally often produces a slightly higher reading. (fitday.com)
  • The optimal temperature, it turned out, was 98.06 F (36.7 C), just a hair away from what we consider "normal" for humans. (livescience.com)
  • An example is observed in humans: women appear to have a slightly higher body temperature and yet live longer than men. (mendeley.com)
  • This is the most accurate way to measure body temperature. (healthwise.net)
  • When is the right time to measure body temperature? (zocdoc.com)
  • From a medical standpoint, there is no 'right' time to measure body temperature. (zocdoc.com)
  • She was prescribed Thyroxine for a borderline thyroid problem and has been taking adrenal support (herbal), which has increased her energy levels, but her body temperature is still low. (healthy.net)
  • Researchers say they have discovered how thyroid hormone affects blood vessels to determine body temperature, potentially explaining why people who have disorders of the thyroid gland have higher sensitivity to environmental temperature. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The thyroid system plays a key role in maintaining normal body temperatures. (wilsonssyndrome.com)
  • However, people can have low temperatures and severe symptoms even when their thryoid glands and thyroid blood tests are completely normal. (wilsonssyndrome.com)
  • Denis Wilson, MD described Wilson 's Temperature Syndrome in 1988 after observing people with symptoms of low thyroid and low body temperature, yet who had normal blood tests. (wilsonssyndrome.com)
  • A low body temperature indicates either exposure to cold weather or a decrease in the body's metabolic rate. (reference.com)
  • This substantive and continuing shift in body temperature-a marker for metabolic rate-provides a framework for understanding changes in human health and longevity over 157 years. (marginalrevolution.com)
  • But temperature fluctuations can also indicate insomnia, fatigue, metabolic function and depression. (eurekalert.org)
  • Eating generally leads to a slight increase in body temperature, as your metabolic rate increases in order to allow the digestion of food. (fitday.com)
  • So a woman's temperature may be higher or lower when she is ovulating or having her menstrual period. (rexhealth.com)
  • Easily track all information about your menstrual cycle (temperature, period). (appbrain.com)
  • Women's body temperatures are influenced by hormones as well, and may rise or fall at different points during a woman's menstrual cycle. (healthline.com)
  • Women in their childbearing years may notice that their body temperature is high for about half of their menstrual cycle, because fertility requires a biphasic pattern that results in a mix of high and low temperatures each month. (wisegeek.com)
  • If your temperature is either high (above 100.4, or low (below 96), then call your doctor. (zocdoc.com)
  • During week 4 you will learn the definition of mean body temperature and how the body regulates temperature. (coursera.org)
  • arc that regulates body temperature. (coursera.org)
  • When this happens, sweat will no longer evaporate and cool the body. (nytimes.com)
  • As the sweat evaporates, it helps cool your body. (rexhealth.com)
  • Small sweat glands developed in the nose, tongue and pads of the feet developed to help the wolves regulate their body temperature. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The sweat glands in dogs are restricted to a much smaller area of the body and make it more difficult for dogs to cool themselves. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Dogs don't tolerate high environmental temperatures well because they don't sweat. (petwave.com)
  • Your body's ability to regulate temperature changes as you get older. (healthline.com)
  • It should be noted that the ability to sense environmental temperatures aren't exactly new, but it is rather creative of Honor to leverage the technology to sense body temperatures. (ubergizmo.com)
  • The symptoms are: sore throat, persistent cough that brings me to the verge of vomiting, runny nose (only started today) and low body temperature. (news24.com)
  • A related discussion, low body temp with flu symptoms was started. (medhelp.org)
  • He found that by normalizing their temperatures with T3 (without T4) their symptoms often remained improved even after the treatment was discontinued. (wilsonssyndrome.com)
  • Patients who notice these symptoms along with a constantly elevated body temperature are encouraged to see a medical professional for diagnosis and treatment. (wisegeek.com)
  • Taking a person's temperature is an initial part of a full clinical examination . (wikipedia.org)
  • We can't stop the sun from sweltering on here in the US, but we can learn a trick or two to lower our body temperatures-some of which involve ice cream. (lifehacker.com)
  • Is it normal to get lower body temperature when you have a cold? (news24.com)
  • Pls keep a watch o the temperature fluctuations.If it gets lower than 94 F then pls consult a physician as soon as possible. (medhelp.org)
  • Your son's temperature is on the lower side but not low enough to be alarmed about. (medhelp.org)
  • From poikilotherms to homeotherms, there is a clear trend for lower temperature being associated with longer lifespans both in wild populations and in laboratory conditions. (mendeley.com)
  • A bath or shower with lukewarm (not cool) water can lower body temperature. (wikihow.com)
  • Your body temperature may be slightly higher or lower. (healthline.com)
  • They're also more likely to have lower body temperatures. (healthline.com)
  • Your body temperature might be up to 1°F (0.6°C) higher or lower than the guidelines above. (healthline.com)
  • Over time, however, and in more recent years, lower body temperatures have been widely reported in healthy adults. (news-medical.net)
  • I've heard vegans can have lower body temps. (veganbodybuilding.com)
  • Hyperthermia is abnormally high body temperature. (military.com)