The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
Recording of regional electrophysiological information by analysis of surface potentials to give a complete picture of the effects of the currents from the heart on the body surface. It has been applied to the diagnosis of old inferior myocardial infarction, localization of the bypass pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, recognition of ventricular hypertrophy, estimation of the size of a myocardial infarct, and the effects of different interventions designed to reduce infarct size. The limiting factor at present is the complexity of the recording and analysis, which requires 100 or more electrodes, sophisticated instrumentation, and dedicated personnel. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed)
Specialized hospital facilities which provide intensive care for burn patients.
Pulmonary injury following the breathing in of toxic smoke from burning materials such as plastics, synthetics, building materials, etc. This injury is the most frequent cause of death in burn patients.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Burns of the respiratory tract caused by heat or inhaled chemicals.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Math calculations done for preparing appropriate doses of medicines, taking into account conversions of WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. Mistakes are one of the sources of MEDICATION ERRORS.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
The physical measurements of a body.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
A synthetic hormone with anabolic and androgenic properties.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Solutions prepared for exchange across a semipermeable membrane of solutes below a molecular size determined by the cutoff threshold of the membrane material.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Volume of biological fluid completely cleared of drug metabolites as measured in unit time. Elimination occurs as a result of metabolic processes in the kidney, liver, saliva, sweat, intestine, heart, brain, or other site.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.
Unstable isotopes of chromium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cr atoms with atomic weights of 46-49, 51, 55, and 56 are radioactive chromium isotopes.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Antagonist of urate oxidase.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the heart on a plane of the body surface delineated as a vector function of time.
Absence of urine formation. It is usually associated with complete bilateral ureteral (URETER) obstruction, complete lower urinary tract obstruction, or unilateral ureteral obstruction when a solitary kidney is present.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The process of exocrine secretion of the SWEAT GLANDS, including the aqueous sweat from the ECCRINE GLANDS and the complex viscous fluids of the APOCRINE GLANDS.
The grafting of skin in humans or animals from one site to another to replace a lost portion of the body surface skin.
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.
A procedure in which total right atrial or total caval blood flow is channeled directly into the pulmonary artery or into a small right ventricle that serves only as a conduit. The principal congenital malformations for which this operation is useful are TRICUSPID ATRESIA and single ventricle with pulmonary stenosis.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.
Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Semisolid preparations used topically for protective emollient effects or as a vehicle for local administration of medications. Ointment bases are various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons.
Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Congener of FLUOROURACIL with comparable antineoplastic action. It has been suggested especially for the treatment of breast neoplasms.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the LEFT ATRIUM.
Laboratory tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working through examination of blood and urine.
An effective non-ionic, water-soluble contrast agent which is used in myelography, arthrography, nephroangiography, arteriography, and other radiographic procedures. Its low systemic toxicity is the combined result of low chemotoxicity and low osmolality.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The volume of the HEART, usually relating to the volume of BLOOD contained within it at various periods of the cardiac cycle. The amount of blood ejected from a ventricle at each beat is STROKE VOLUME.
A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).
The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart.
Enlargement of the THYROID GLAND that may increase from about 20 grams to hundreds of grams in human adults. Goiter is observed in individuals with normal thyroid function (euthyroidism), thyroid deficiency (HYPOTHYROIDISM), or hormone overproduction (HYPERTHYROIDISM). Goiter may be congenital or acquired, sporadic or endemic (GOITER, ENDEMIC).
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
A combination of congenital heart defects consisting of four key features including VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS; PULMONARY STENOSIS; RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY; and a dextro-positioned AORTA. In this condition, blood from both ventricles (oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor) is pumped into the body often causing CYANOSIS.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the right HEART VENTRICLE.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
A valve situated at the entrance to the pulmonary trunk from the right ventricle.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.
The measurement of magnetic fields generated by electric currents from the heart. The measurement of these fields provides information which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Freedom from activity.
Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.

Gender-specific differences in dialysis quality (Kt/V): 'big men' are at risk of inadequate haemodialysis treatment. (1/455)

BACKGROUND: Inadequate dialysis dose is closely related to mortality and morbidity of maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) patients. According to the DOQI guidelines a minimum prescribed dialysis dose of single-pool Kt/V (Kt/Vsp)=1.3, equivalent to equilibrated double pool Kt/V (e-Kt/Vdp)=1.1, is recommended. Knowledge of patient-related risk factors for inadequate delivery of hacmodialysis would be helpful to select patient subgroups for intensive control ofdialysis adequacy. METHODS: A retrospective survey was conducted to assess the prevalence of inadequate dialysis dose according to DOQI criteria during a 7-month period. A total of 320 e-Kt/Vdp measurements in 62 MHD patients were evaluated (mean effective dialysis time 222+/-32 min). Residual renal function (RRF) was expressed as renal weekly Kt/V (r-Kt/Vweek) and included into assessment of total weekly renal and dialytic Kt/V (t-Kt/Vweek). RESULTS: Inadequacy (e-Kt/Vdp<1.10) was prevalent in 37.2% of all measurements and in 22/62 patients (35.5%). In 54% of underdialysed patients r-Kt/Vweek compensated for insufficient dialytic urea removal. Mean weekly Kt/V was inadequate (t-Kt/Vweek<3.30) in 12/62 patients (19.4%) of whom 91.7% (11/12) were male. Body-weight, urea distribution volume (UDV). and body-surface area (BSA) were significantly higher in inadequately is adequately dialysed males. UDV>42.0 litres or BSA>2.0 m2 and a lack of RRF (r-Kt/Vweek<0.3) put 'big men' at increased risk to receive an inadequate dose of dialysis. CONCLUSION: Our data identify patients at risk for inadequate haemodialysis treatment. Special attention should be focused on 'big men' with UDV>42.0 litres or BSA>2.0 m2. In this subset of patients frequent measurements of t-Kt/Vweek and assessment of RRF should be mandatory.  (+info)

The diameter of the common femoral artery in healthy human: influence of sex, age, and body size. (2/455)

PURPOSE: To determine the relevance of dilatations of the common femoral artery (CFA), knowledge of the normal CFA diameter is essential. The diameter of the CFA in healthy male and female subjects of different ages was investigated. METHODS: The diameter of the CFA was measured in 122 healthy volunteers (59 male, 63 female; 8 to 81 years of age) with echo-tracking B-mode ultrasound scan. The influence of age, sex, height, weight, body surface area (BSA), and systolic blood pressure was analyzed by means of a multiple regression model. RESULTS: The CFA increased steadily in diameter throughout life. From 25 years onwards, the diameter was larger in men than in women. Significant correlations were found between the CFA diameter and weight (r = 0.58 and r = 0.57 in male and female subjects, respectively; P <.0001), height (r = 0.49 and r = 0.54 in male and female subjects, respectively; P <.0001), and BSA (r = 0.60 and r = 0.62 in male and female subjects, respectively; P <.0001). Age and BSA were used to create a model for prediction of the CFA diameter (r = 0.71 and r = 0.77 in male and female subjects, respectively; P <.0001). CONCLUSION: The diameter of the CFA increases with age, initially during growth but also in adults. This is related to age, body size, and sex male subjects have larger arteries than female subjects. It is now possible to predict the normal CFA diameter, and nomograms that may be used in the study of aneurysmal disease are presented.  (+info)

Estimation of glomerular filtration rate from plasma creatinine concentration in children. (3/455)

The relation between the true plasma creatinine concentration (Pc) and the glomerular filtration rate corrected for body surface area (GFR/SA) was investigated in 108 individuals, and the following formula was derived: GFR/SA (ml/min per 1-73m2SA) = 0-43 Ht (cm)/Pc (mg/100 ml). This formula was tested in a second group of 83 children, and its accuracy and precision was compared to the 24-hour creatinine clearance. It was found to be superior to the creatinine clearance overall, and was as good, even if all results involving suspect 24-hour-urine collections were eliminated from analysis. The formula in SI usage is: GFR/SA (ml/min per 1-73 m2SA) = 38 Ht (cm)1Pc (mumol/l).  (+info)

Effect of obesity on red cell mass results. (4/455)

Measurement of red cell mass with isotope dilution remains an important diagnostic test in the evaluation of patients with suspected polycythemia vera (PCV). Results and reference ranges are typically expressed in units normalized for body weight (mL/kg). Obesity is common in polycythemic patients, and it is important to know how the various published normative ranges compare across a wide range of body weights. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 51 consecutive patients referred for red cell mass determination with 51Cr red blood cell dilution. Results were expressed in milliliters per kilogram (mL/kg) by using the actual patient weight and after adiposity adjustments using ideal body weight, body mass index (BMI) and combinations of height-weight, including body surface area. Results were classified as normal, elevated or PCV. RESULTS: There was a high prevalence of obesity in our population (28/51 [55%] with BMI > 27 kg/m2, BMI range 16.0-54.8 kg/m2). The method used to compensate for obesity had a dramatic effect on the derived red cell mass, the fraction of patients with elevated measurements and the fraction of patients meeting criteria for PCV. Concordance for categorization as normal, elevated or PCV by all methods was only 47.1%. CONCLUSION: Obesity is a common confounding factor in the interpretation of red cell mass measurements. Currently published reference ranges generate inconsistent results when extrapolated to obese patients. Further normative data on obese subjects are needed to determine which method (if any) is optimal.  (+info)

Frequency and causes of discrepancy between Kt/V and creatinine clearance. (5/455)

This study examines the frequency of discrepancy between Kt/V urea and creatinine clearance (Ccr) measurements in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and the reasons for this discrepancy. DESIGN: Nonrandomized, retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Single PD unit of a university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: All adult patients receiving PD at our center from January 1995 to December 1996. METHODS: Actual (a) and desired (d) body weight (BW) were used to calculate urea volume of distribution (V) and body surface area (BSA). Patients were divided into four groups based upon their total small solute clearances (Kt/V and Ccr, normalized by actual weight) and three additional groups based upon actual/desired (a/d) body weight ratio. An additional analysis was performed for the subset of anuric patients. Data collected for all patients included the following: total Kt, total Ccr, 4-hour dialysate/ plasma (D/P) creatinine, serum albumin concentration, duration of PD, actual body weight, age, and height. RESULTS: Twenty-three percent of the clearance measurements in our study were discrepant, defined as having values for either Kt/V or Ccr (but not both) above the accepted targets of Kt/V > or = 2.0/wk and Ccr > or = 60 L/wk/ 1.73 m2. Patients with both values above target are more likely to have higher residual renal function. Patients who are significantly less than BWd and patients on PD for a longer time are more likely to have adequate Kt/V but not Ccr. Furthermore, patients who are less than 90% or greater than 110% of BWd have markedly different values for Kt/V and Ccr when BWa versus BWd values are used. CONCLUSIONS: Kt/V and Ccr values are frequently discrepant; a number of factors affect these two measurements to varying degrees, including weight, degree of residual renal function, and duration of PD.  (+info)

Echocardiographic examination of cardiac structure and function in elite cross trained male and female Alpine skiers. (6/455)

OBJECTIVE: To assess cardiac structure and function in elite cross-trained male and female athletes (Alpine skiers). METHODS: Sixteen athletes (10 male, six female) and 19 healthy sedentary control subjects (12 male, seven female) volunteered to take part in the study. Basic anthropometry determined height, body mass, body surface area, and fat free mass. Cardiac dimensions and function were determined by two dimensional, M mode, and Doppler echocardiography. Absolute data and data corrected for body size (allometrically determined) were compared by two way analysis of variance and post hoc Scheffe tests. RESULTS: Absolute left ventricular internal dimension in diastole (LVIDd), septal and posterior wall thickness and left ventricular mass were larger in athletes than controls (p < 0.05) and also increased in the men (p < 0.05) compared with women (except for septal thickness in controls). An increased LVIDd, septal thickness, posterior wall thickness, and left ventricular mass in athletes persisted after correction for body size except when LVIDd was scaled by fat free mass. Cardiac dimensions did not differ between the sexes after correction for body size. All functional indices were similar between groups. CONCLUSION: There is evidence of both left ventricular chamber dilatation and wall enlargement in cross trained athletes compared with controls. Differences in absolute cardiac dimensions between the sexes were primarily due to greater body dimensions in the men.  (+info)

Cycler adequacy and prescription data in a national cohort sample: the 1997 core indicators report. Health Care Financing Administration Peritoneal Dialysis Core Indicators Study Group. (7/455)

BACKGROUND: The Health Care Financing Administration Peritoneal Dialysis Core Indicator Project obtains data yearly in four areas of patient care: dialysis adequacy, anemia, blood pressure, and nutrition. METHODS: Adequacy and dialysis prescription data were obtained using a standardized data abstraction form from a random sample of adult U.S. peritoneal dialysis patients who were alive on December 31, 1996. RESULTS: For the cohort receiving cycler dialysis, 22% were unable to meet the National Kidney Foundation Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiatives (NKF-DOQI) dialysis adequacy guidelines because they did not have at least one adequacy measure during the six-month period of observation. Thirty-six percent of patients met NKF-DOQI guidelines for weekly Kt/V urea, 33% met guidelines for weekly creatinine clearance (CCr), and 24% met guidelines for both urea and creatinine clearances. The mean weekly adequacy values were 2.24 +/- 0.56 for Kt/V urea and 67.5 +/- 24.4 liter/1.73 m2 for CCr, and the median values were 2.20 and 62.25 liter/1.73 m2, respectively. The mean prescribed 24-hour volume was 12,040 +/- 3255 ml, and the median prescribed volume was 11,783 ml. Only 60% of patients were prescribed at least one daytime dwell. By logistic regression analysis, risk factors for an inadequate dose of dialysis included being in the highest quartile of body surface area (odds ratio = 3.3 for CCr and 3.4 for Kt/V urea) and a duration of dialysis greater than two years (odds ratio = 4.2 for CCr and 2.1 for Kt/V urea). CONCLUSION: There is much room for improvement in providing an adequate dose of dialysis to cycler patients. Practitioners should be more aggressive in increasing dwell volumes, adding daytime dwells, and adjusting nighttime dwell times in order to compensate for the loss of residual renal function over time. These changes can only be accomplished if practitioners measure periodically the dose of dialysis as outlined in the NKF-DOQI guidelines.  (+info)

The fourth dimension of life: fractal geometry and allometric scaling of organisms. (8/455)

Fractal-like networks effectively endow life with an additional fourth spatial dimension. This is the origin of quarter-power scaling that is so pervasive in biology. Organisms have evolved hierarchical branching networks that terminate in size-invariant units, such as capillaries, leaves, mitochondria, and oxidase molecules. Natural selection has tended to maximize both metabolic capacity, by maximizing the scaling of exchange surface areas, and internal efficiency, by minimizing the scaling of transport distances and times. These design principles are independent of detailed dynamics and explicit models and should apply to virtually all organisms.  (+info)

Abstract ABSTRACT:. This paper proposes a theoretical framework to study pension income indexation from the retirees point of view. The theoretical model is then used to calculate the optimal indexation measure for different cohorts of retirees using historical data from Uruguay. The results suggest that for most of the cohorts, but particularly for those retiring in the 1970s and 1990s, the optimal strategy would be to choose the consumer price index (CPI) as the pension income indexation measure. Even for cohorts retiring after the 1989 Constitutional reform that established the average nominal earnings index (ANEI) as the indexation measure, the CPI is still the preferred indexation measure. To show the robustness of the results, two alternative criteria are used to assess the two indexation measures, with similar results.. ...
Estimation of body surface area in various childhood ages--validation of the Mosteller formula. 2007 May;27(3):135-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-097X.2006.00718.x. Complete (100%) exposure of the total body surface to light is impractical and limited by use of eye masks and diapers. Body surface area calculator for veterinary chemotherapy dose calculation. Epub 2017 May 24. Other influential factors include the age and gender of the individual. 2009 Jan;16(1):47-53. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2008.10.010. Epub 2008 Nov 25. The newborn infant with a body temperature of between 36.0-36.4°C (96.8-97.5°F) may be under cold stress which gives rise to concern. Body surface area (BSA) is the method that is mostly used in medicine and physiology.BSA medical is the computed or calculated surface area of a human body.. BSA is one sign that is used mostly for medical purposes to determine the total metabolic mass as compared to body weight and the advantage using BSA is that it is less affected by the abnormal ...
January 0.109 0.079 0.045 0.020 February 0.104 0.075 0.039 0.018 March 0.100 0.072 0.036 0.015 April 0.092 0.066 0.025 0.008 May 0.090 0.062 0.019 0.006 June 0.089 0.058 0.020 0.006 July 0.093 0.058 0.022 0.009 August 0.088 0.051 0.018 0.007 September 0.083 0.046 0.013 0.002 October 0.083 0.045 0.013 0.001 November 0.083 0.044 0.013 Nil December 0.079 0.041 0.013 Nil. The RI month is the month in which the allowable expenditure was incurred, or March 1982 where the expenditure was incurred on or before 31 March 1982.. The table given in this press release is applicable only to bodies within the charge to corporation tax on their chargeable gains.. Individuals and others within the charge to capital gains tax are not entitled to indexation allowance for any period after April 1998. They should therefore not use the table above. Instead, to calculate indexation allowance up to April 1998 on disposals on or after 6 April 1998, they should use the table published in the Inland Revenue press release ...
13.8.3.5 Indexation of scholarship paymentsStudent Start-up Scholarships are normally indexed annually on 1 January by CPI. However, indexation of Student Start-up Scholarships has been paused for four calendar years commencing 1 January 2013 and ending 31 December 2016.Relocation Scholarships are indexed annually on 1 January by CPI.
How to Calculate Body Surface Area . The mechanisms by which molecules traverse human skin, including the influence of shunt route transport, are discussed in Chapter 2 (see Section 2.3). 100 Skin; Search; Surface Area Formulas , Calculate the Surface Area of Cone, Sphere, Box, Prism, Cylinder, Pyramid . 18. In physiology and medicine, the body surface area (BSA) is the measured or calculated surface area of a human body. This distance is the radius, r, of the sphere. Haycock GB, Schwartz GJ, Wisotsky DH Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height-weight formula validated in infants, children and … A Powerpoint file is included, though questions and other content could be written on a board and/or given verbally, or transferred to a worksheet. By using these techniques the surface roughness power spectrum is obtained. This body surface area calculator helps you calculate how much surface area of the skin is affected by a disease. Typically there is a 4-10 fold variation in ...
Creatinine clearance bsa - total kidney mass is roughly proportional to body surface area. Correction for BSA is necessary if differs markedly from average.
The BMI and BSA calculators estimate the Body Mass Index and Body Surface Area, calculate BMI by dividing the weight by the height, calculate Body mass index
(KudoZ) English to Polish translation of BSA-indexed: wskaznik powierzchni ciala BSA (Body Surface Area) [urine tests - Medical: Cardiology (Medical)].
This dose adjustment calculator by body surface area adjusts medicine dosage based on standard dose, weight and height of the patient.
Calvo contracts, which are the basis of the current generation of New Keynesian models, widely include indexation to general inflation. We argue that the indexi
When pregnant rats were treated with irbesartan from Day 0 to Day 20 of gestation (oral doses of 50 mg/kg/day, 180 mg/kg/day, and 650 mg/kg/day), increased incidences of renal pelvic cavitation, hydroureter and/or absence of renal papilla were observed in fetuses at dosages ≥50 mg/kg/day (approximately equivalent to the maximum recommended human dose [MRHD], 300 mg/day, on a body surface area basis). Subcutaneous edema was observed in fetuses at dosages ≥180 mg/kg/day (about 4 times the MRHD on a body surface area basis). As these anomalies were not observed in rats in which irbesartan exposure (oral doses of 50, 150, and 450 mg/kg/day) was limited to gestation days 6 to 15, they appear to reflect late gestational effects of the drug. In pregnant rabbits, oral doses of 30 mg irbesartan/kg/day were associated with maternal mortality and abortion. Surviving females receiving this dose (about 1.5 times the MRHD on a body surface area basis) had a slight increase in early resorptions and a ...
When pregnant rats were treated with irbesartan from Day 0 to Day 20 of gestation (oral doses of 50 mg/kg/day, 180 mg/kg/day, and 650 mg/kg/day), increased incidences of renal pelvic cavitation, hydroureter and/or absence of renal papilla were observed in fetuses at dosages ≥50 mg/kg/day (approximately equivalent to the maximum recommended human dose [MRHD], 300 mg/day, on a body surface area basis). Subcutaneous edema was observed in fetuses at dosages ≥180 mg/kg/day (about 4 times the MRHD on a body surface area basis). As these anomalies were not observed in rats in which irbesartan exposure (oral doses of 50, 150, and 450 mg/kg/day) was limited to gestation days 6 to 15, they appear to reflect late gestational effects of the drug. In pregnant rabbits, oral doses of 30 mg irbesartan/kg/day were associated with maternal mortality and abortion. Surviving females receiving this dose (about 1.5 times the MRHD on a body surface area basis) had a slight increase in early resorptions and a ...
Body surface area In physiology and medicine, the body surface area (BSA) is the measured or calculated surface of a human body. For many clinical purposes BSA
Situated at the complex intersection between power, territory and identity, his research has followed, in time, three major strands. In the early stages of his career, I explored the history and theory of Western geopolitical thought, studying in particular the U.S. geopolitical production of the 1940s and, more broadly, the Italian geopolitical tradition. Following this latter interest, he also investigated the colonial project of Fascist Italy in Ethiopia, analysing the ways in which Mussolinis regime attempted to write concepts of progress, order, hierarchy, and racial segregation on the Ethiopian urban/land-scape.. A second strand of his research, which originates from his second PhD thesis (University of Colorado at Boulder), relates more directly to the notion of territorial identities. In an epoch of rescaling of state powers and modes of economic production, his major research question aimed to understand whether or not a similar rescaling was also taking place with regard to ...
Save time learning, be better prepared and learn everything about this topic: Body surface anatomy of the female seen anteriorly and posteriorly.
Use the West nomogram by drawing a straight line between the height and weight of a child. This line crosses the surface area column and gives an estimation of the body surface area for this child,...
Cardiac Dimensions has appointed Dr. Matthew Stark as vice president of clinical and regulatory affairs, and added Trevor Moody to its Board.
Adjuvant S-1 was started at least 3 weeks after curative surgery. The intended dose of S-1 was based on that published in the ACTS-GC trial,4 and was 40 mg/m2 twice daily for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks of rest for each cycle. Specifically, during the treatment weeks, patients with body surface area (BSA) of ,1.25 m2 received 80 mg daily; those with BSA of 1.25 m2 to ,1.5 m2 received 100 mg daily; and those with BSA of ≥1.5 m2 received 120 mg daily. As clinically indicated, dose reductions were considered one dose level at a time; in general, one dose level reduction refers to reducing the prior daily dose by 20 mg, eg from 120 mg to 100 mg daily. As renal impairment has been associated with increased incidence of myelosuppression, dose reduction by one dose level was made in patients who had a creatinine clearance of 40-49 mL/min. A maximum of eight 6-weekly cycles were administered. The dose of S-1 was reduced in patients with significant toxicities, as assessed by the respective ...
Adjuvant S-1 was started at least 3 weeks after curative surgery. The intended dose of S-1 was based on that published in the ACTS-GC trial,4 and was 40 mg/m2 twice daily for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks of rest for each cycle. Specifically, during the treatment weeks, patients with body surface area (BSA) of ,1.25 m2 received 80 mg daily; those with BSA of 1.25 m2 to ,1.5 m2 received 100 mg daily; and those with BSA of ≥1.5 m2 received 120 mg daily. As clinically indicated, dose reductions were considered one dose level at a time; in general, one dose level reduction refers to reducing the prior daily dose by 20 mg, eg from 120 mg to 100 mg daily. As renal impairment has been associated with increased incidence of myelosuppression, dose reduction by one dose level was made in patients who had a creatinine clearance of 40-49 mL/min. A maximum of eight 6-weekly cycles were administered. The dose of S-1 was reduced in patients with significant toxicities, as assessed by the respective ...
DESCRIPTION: The clinician is alerted to drug-condition interactions and patient specific contraindications and warnings e.g. pregnancy, breast-feeding or occupational risks, hepatic or renal insufficiency. The preferences of the patient may also be presented e.g. reluctance to use an antibiotic. Additional patient parameters, such as age, gestation, height, weight, and body surface area (BSA), shall also be incorporated ...
C cells via AMPKα-mediated inhibition of Sp1 and DNMT1 expression both in vitro and in vivo (Zhao et al., 2016). However, due to the potential interactions among the multiple compounds and the complexes of metabolic processes that can result in various responses and outcomes, the molecular mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential for XJD are not fully understood. In this study, cell growth inhibition and cell arrest by XJD were observed in other NSCLC cells, further demonstrating the inhibitory effects of XJD on NSCLC cells in vitro. We previously showed consistent reproducible results of batch-to-batch XJD solutions, and the tested dose ranges exhibited no toxicities in vitro or in vivo (Zhao et al., 2016). In the current study, the XJD dosages used in vitro and in vivo were determined from a series of cell-based cell growth experiments (Zhao et al., 2016) and the reported formula to calculate the dosage difference between human and mouse based on body surface area (Reagan-Shaw et al., ...
Does zyvox cause acne - School behaviour attendance, changes in ovar- ian steroids alone do not need to come to clinical signicance t test can be helpful for anaemia and so some aspects might not be as high as %. Examination and investigation table. Improved exercise capacity. Standards of business conduct for clinical studies. Often there is a % mortality, although the vast majority of girls and increase good communication between members of staff who are suitably version-controlled and reviewed every months. The main principles are the most robust methodological study, however, suggested no symptomatic improvement is often localized and isolated hypertriglyceridaemia can be a direct incision in the vehicle to treat the drug is compared with vehicle controls. The latter is concerned about a population are applied to people with type diabetes and the coronoid process tuberosity for biceps radial notch and proximal lower limb and body surface area dosing is more space available and as far as ...
Naser Ahmed Mahmoud El-Sawy, Sonographic Measurements of Normal Kidneys In Pre School ChldrenIn Sharkia Correlated with Age,height,weight& Body surface Area, 20002001 More ...
Subjects will receive 1 dose of MNK-010 followed by a 7-day post dose assessment period per treatment cycle. Dose levels will be based upon the amount of active delivered per square meter of body surface area (mg/m2). Cycles will repeat every 3 weeks (21 days) based on toxicity and response, as determined by a Safety Review Committee (SRC). Subjects will continue treatment with MNK-010 until unacceptable toxicity, documented progression of disease, another criterion for discontinuation is met, or until 4 treatment cycles have been completed ...
The new rotation transformation seems to apply some scaling at the same time as rotating the selected dots. The effect is easiest to see when you try to rotate a round object (a ball for example). The ball rotates OK with no rescaling in the preview window while you are rotating the selected dots with the mouse, but shrinks at the same time as rotating when the warp is played ...
The public should become savvy consumers rather than grateful patients, says Healthwatch England in its first report to parliament.. Healthwatch England was set up in April this year as part of the shake-up of the NHS introduced by the Health and Social Care Act. The national body heads up a network of 152 local patient bodies, with the aim of championing the needs of … ...
Considers the option of a mathematical model hit of the drug into the biological object at various ways of injec-tion while carrying out medical procedures. An important point in this case is the delivery of drug to the appro-priate patient body based redistribution of administered drug in different sections of a biological object.
MALAYBALAY CITY (MindaNews/29 September)- They were apparently seeking a way out for their client, but a rescaling requested by the lawyers of a trader who transported lumber allegedly in excess of the volume allowed in her permit only showed a bigger excess than originally reported.. Felix Mirasol Jr., Community Environment and Natural Resources Officer of Malaybalay today said that Julieta Edma of Kalilangan, Bukidnon actually transported 443 pieces of sawn lumber measuring 11,718.64 board feet.. The previous scaling showed that her truck had only carried 440 pieces or 10,203.48 board feet of lumber, Mirasol added.. Edmas transport permit showed she was supposed to ship only 364 pieces for a total of 8,270.86 board feet, he said.. Mirasol said Edma violated a DENR order allowing only a 2-percent excess of the number of pieces and volume authorized for shipment.. He said it was Edma who requested that the rescaling be held in the presence of her lawyers, the representatives of the apprehending ...
In case of minor burns of I and II degrees, you should hold the burned area in cool water or apply a wet cold compress. The action of cold water helps to stop the process of damage to skin and tissues. Cover all burns with a clean, dry cloth and can be used over-the-counter to relieve pain and irritation. In case of burns by a flame, extinguish the burning clothes, take the victim out of the zone of high temperature; in case of burns by hot liquids, molten metal - quickly remove clothing from the burned area.. It is advisable to immerse the burned areas of the body in cold water or wash with a stream of water from the water supply for 5-10 minutes. If the burn area exceeds 15% of the body surface, it is necessary to give the victim to drink at least 0.5 liters of water with baking soda and table salt - 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda and one teaspoon of salt per liter of water. Aseptic dressings should be applied to the burned surfaces, the victim should be urgently taken to a hospital ...
The vitiligo area scoring index (VASI) is a measure of the surface area affected by vitiligo in a given research subject. It ranges from 0% (no vitiligo) to 100% (complete depigmentation of the entire body surface area). In terms of treatment, a decrease in VASI is desirable as it indicates less surface area affected by vitiligo. The score represents an estimate made by the investigators, based on the approximation that one hand unit, is roughly equivalent to 1% of the body surface area ...
Weight: Depending on the section(s) of the NCS-1 survey from which the variable(s) originated, one of four sampling weights must be selected and applied. The Part I and Part II weights (p1fwt and p2wtv3, respectively) are a combination of the various weights described in NCS-1 papers to adjust for differential household size and differential nonresponse and post-stratification. The Tobacco Use Supplement weight (tobacwt) is a rescaling of the Part I weight for analysis of tobacco supplement variables only. The Part II Tobacco Use Supplement weight (p2tobwt) is a rescaling of the Part II weight for analysis of combinations of Part II and Tobacco Supplement variables. Please refer to the Processor Notes in the codebook for details on determining the appropriate weight to use when analyzing a specific variable or combination of variables. Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview, telephone interview Response Rates: The response rate was 82.6 percent. Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo ...
Weight: Depending on the section(s) of the NCS-1 survey from which the variable(s) originated, one of four sampling weights must be selected and applied. The Part I and Part II weights (p1fwt and p2wtv3, respectively) are a combination of the various weights described in NCS-1 papers to adjust for differential household size and differential nonresponse and post-stratification. The Tobacco Use Supplement weight (tobacwt) is a rescaling of the Part I weight for analysis of tobacco supplement variables only. The Part II Tobacco Use Supplement weight (p2tobwt) is a rescaling of the Part II weight for analysis of combinations of Part II and Tobacco Supplement variables. Please refer to the Processor Notes in the codebook for details on determining the appropriate weight to use when analyzing a specific variable or combination of variables. Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview, telephone interview Response Rates: The response rate was 82.6 percent. Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo ...
No carcinogenic potential was demonstrated in mice treated subcutaneously with octreotide for 85-99 weeks at doses up to 2000 mcg/kg/day (8x the human exposure based on body surface area). In a 116-week subcutaneous study in rats administered octreotide, a 27% and 12% incidence of injection site sarcomas or squamous cell carcinomas was observed in males and females, respectively, at the highest dose level of 1250 mcg/kg/day (10x the human exposure based on body surface area) compared to an incidence of 8%-10% in the vehicle-control groups. The increased incidence of injection site tumors was most probably caused by irritation and the high sensitivity of the rat to repeated subcutaneous injections at the same site. Rotating injection sites would prevent chronic irritation in humans. There have been no reports of injection site tumors in patients treated with Sandostatin Injection for at least 5 years. There was also a 15% incidence of uterine adenocarcinomas in the 1250 mcg/kg/day females ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The firing pattern of entorhinal grid cells is thought to provide an intrinsic metric for space. We report a strong experience-dependent environmental influence: the spatial scales of the grids (which are aligned and have fixed relative sizes within each animal) vary parametrically with changes to …
Any appreciation in shares after January 31 would be taxed without any indexation benefit. Indexation allows adjustment of cost of acquisition against inflation.the provision relating to FPIs does not specifically provide for grandfathering, a reading of the FM speech indicates that the benefit should be extended to all taxpayers, including all FPIs, said Desai.Apart from challenges from the taxation perspective, FPIs are also concerned about how the end benefit of this tax will be passed on to their investors. FPIs are usually pooling vehicles or act as brokerages for their investors. Replica Bags Wholesale I was a good spy, no one caught me. I was too young to be lured by a sparrow. Im thinking lets put young spies out in the field, they cant be lured with all this lovey lovey business.. Waist sweat and urine then ❌Ko If you combine dc, the better, reduce fat, refined, alcohol, drink more water and eat more vegetables. Heat and dampness deep into the fat tissue. Hot and cold all day, hot ...
Veteran pension payments have increased in line with the biannual indexation process.. Pension recipients including veterans, their partners, war widows and widowers, across Australia will be paid the increase from 20 March 2017.. Due to the calculation of pension rates on a daily basis, the first pension paid after the indexation on payday 30 March 2017 will comprise both the old and new rates.. The new pension rates will be fully effective from payment date 13 April 2017.. ...
A months-long investigation by the Investigative Unit uncovered several cases of Good Samaritan Hospital and Regional Medical Center staff accused of losing and...
Siosaia Langi Naufahu (54) was sentenced to five and a half-years imprisonment for grievous bodily harm for pouring a pot of boiling water on his wife in a cruel and callous deliberate action at their home in Sopu last year. The victim, the mother of their nine children, was put on life support with 35 to 40 percent burns of her total body surface area and suffered permanent injury from the terrifying experience ...
The Impact of Skin Allograft on Inpatient Outcomes in the Treatment of Major Burns 20-50% Total Body Surface Area - A Propensity Score Matched Analysis Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample ...
UC Davis burn specialist David Greenhalgh noted that while past research had successfully focused on enabling patients to survive severe burns, improving a victims quality of life after a burn injury remained a major challenge. It is the reason why collecting and managing data about burn victims is now so important.. The coordinating center at UC Davis will be much more than just a simple repository of data, said Greenhalgh, a professor of surgery and past president of the American Burn Association. We will be overseeing the safety of the clinical trials at all research sites to ensure there is uniformity in the way they are being conducted. By having this type of rigorous infrastructure in place, we ultimately can develop the best treatment plans for burn patients.. Most burn injuries occur in young people aged 20-40 years, and severe burn injuries represent one of the leading causes of lost work-years in the United States. Twenty years ago, burns that involved half the body surface area ...
4. BSAcalc 1.7 ... medicine, the Body Surface Area (BSA) is the measured ... freeware program for the calculation of the Surface Area of the Body. The ... of formulas for the calculation. These latest updates to the BSAcalc include calculation the Body Mass... Details - Download - Screenshot Tags: medical , health , body mass index , Surface Area Of The Body , Medical Software , Medical Calculator , Bsa , Underweight , overweight , obesity , drug , medicine , Physiology , index ...
FLT was developed to provide a measure of tumor proliferation because it is taken up by cells and retained after phosphorylation by thymidine kinase 1. Thymidine kinase 1 increases as cells enter the DNA synthetic phase, and previous work has shown that FLT retention generally correlates with other measures of tumor proliferation. The most likely use of FLT will be in monitoring treatment response, but such studies need to consider the different methods for measuring FLT retention in tumors and their reproducibility.. The most common method of measuring tracer retention has been through the use of the semiquantitative approach of the SUV. The SUV uses the measurement of activity within a ROI along with the injected dose and the weight of the patient to calculate the desired variable. To take into account differences in the proportion of fat in patients, some investigators have adjusted the SUV by using lean body mass, ideal body weight, or even body surface area. When studying the ...
BMI - Body Mass Index is the measurement of your weight for your body surface area and its considered a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people. A recent national survey commissioned by Ohio States Wexner Medical Center found nearly 2 out of 3 Americans dont know whats considered to be a healthy BMI. Use this BMI calculator to get your number. A BMI less than 18.5 is underweight. Below 25 is normal. A BMI of 25 through 29.9 is overweight, and 30 or higher is considered obese. Knowing where you lie within that spectrum is really important because sometimes people will be very accepting of their weight thinking Well, that number sounds reasonable. But is it reasonable for their height? Gulati said. ...
A measurement method of time varying events in a target body, including the steps of (a) providing time dependent measurements signals of parameters of the time varying events in the target body, (b) providing ecographic M-mode image data whose spatial direction is along scan-lines or along a line or curve on a 2D or 3D image of an image sequence, (c) defining a time interval within which the measurement signal has to be displayed and/or evaluated, (d) generating bi-dimensional graph information, (e) generating bi-dimensional M-mode images, (f) determining the time instant of begin of the time interval having a univoquely relation to time varying events, (g) rescaling the time scale of each graph, and (h) displaying the graph of the function corresponding to one or more of the time dependent measurement signal on a background.
Financial Sensitivity Analysis allows the analyst to be flexible with the boundaries within which to test the sensitivity of the dependent variables to the independent variables. It is nothing but a number of individual dots placed in a line within the span of 1 inch. Its units are ml/min per square meter of body surface area. Estimates of price sensitivity are needed most when setting prices for new products and when considering changing the prices of established products to new levels. Different players will use different mouse DPI and this can create a problem when choosing your sensitivity. Sensitivity is a measure of the proportion of people suffering from the disease who got predicted correctly as the ones suffering from the disease. An open-source and easily extendable implementation of the DSS calculation is made freely available to support its tailored application to translating drug sensitivity testing results into clinically actionable treatment options. Hi Abe, The calculator is not ...
A persons body is producing energy internally due to metabolic processes. If the body loses more energy than metabolic processes are generating, its temperature will drop. If the drop is severe, it can be life-threatening. Suppose a person is unclothed and energy is being lost via radiation from a body surface area of 1.51 m2, which has a temperature of 35.6 °C and an emissivity of 0.720. Suppose that metabolic processes are producing energy at a rate of 130 J/s. What is the temperature (in °C) of the coldest room in which this person could stand and not experience a drop in body temperature? Do not enter unit ...
Ilurians are utterly adapted for a frigid environment. In fact, they are so well adapted, they have difficulty operating in temperatures most humans find comfortable.. Ilurians are bilaterally symmetrical, with typical humanoid morphology. Their features are distinct; they have higher, narrower noses and larger jaws than other humans. Their heads are also slightly larger than other humans although a close examination is required to detect this. These features are also adaptations to the cold.. Their builds are on average short and stocky, with relatively short appendages; this reduces the bodys surface area and aids in heat retention. Their bodies except for their faces and the palms of the hands are covered in soft, short fur with hollow follicles which trap a layer of warm air next to the Ilurians body. The fur is generally light colored, with blond, silver, or white the most common colors. A mutation occasionally creates an Ilurian with darker fur; these individuals are typically ...
property is used to specify whether or not and how a mask layer image is repeated (or tiled). Repeating a mask layer image happens after it has been sized and positioned. An mask layer image can be repeated vertically, horizontally, both vertically and horizontally, or it can be set not to repeat at all. If a mask layer image is repeated, it may happen that some of its tiles get clipped if they dont fit a whole number of times into the mask positioning area of the element. Prior to CSS3, there was nothing a developer could do to prevent that. But in the backgrounds and borders module level 3, two new values have been introduced that allow developers to prevent the image clipping by either rescaling that image so that it fits a whole number of times, or repeating the image as often as it will fit within the area without being clipped, and then spacing the images out to fill the area. The same values introduced for the ...
This paper estimates expected future real interest rates and inflation rates from observed prices of UK government nominal and index-linked bonds. The estimation method takes account of imperfections in the indexation of UK index-linked bonds. It assumes that expected log returns on all bonds are equal, and that expected real interest rates and inflation follow simple time-series processes whose parameters can be estimated from the cross-section of bond prices. The extracted inflation expectations forecast actual future inflation more accurately than nominal yields do. The estimated real interest rate is highly variable at short horizons, but comparatively stable at long horizons. Changes in real rates and expected inflation are strongly negatively correlated at short horizons, but not at long horizons.(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
http://www.mdconsult.com/das/patient/body/342205871-2/0/10. K-W URGENT CARE CLINICS INC. Westmount UCC 751 Victoria Street South, Kitchener, ON N2M 5N4 519-745-2273Fairway UCC 385 Fairway Road South, Kitchener, ON N2C 2N9 519-748-2327OPEN Mon-Fri 8am-5pm, Sa & Su 8am-3pm, Holidays 8am-3pm CLOSED Dec25, Jan1Onsite Xray, Ultrasound, MRI, Laboratory Services, Foot Clinic, Physio, MassageWe t ...
care of different types of tubes inserted in patient body.nurses role in insertion removal and prevention of infection and relieving pain
This on the web one-way conversion tool converts surface area units from ∅ 1-centimeter spheres ( ∅ 1 cm ) into ares ( a ) instantly online. 1 sphere 1-centimeter diam. ( ∅ 1 cm ) = 0.0000031 ares ( a ). How many ares ( a ) are in 1 sphere 1-centimeter diam. ( 1 ∅ 1 cm )? How much of surface area from ∅ 1-centimeter spheres to ares, ∅ 1 cm to a? Exchange values and measures from one surface area unit to another unit by quick calculation.
Surface anatomy teaches us about the main anatomical features visible on the surface of the human body. We use this knowledge to identify inner anatomical structures according to their visible features. A good understanding of surface anatomy is key to interpreting normal and abnormal anatomy in clinical settings, such as medical imaging procedures and clinical examination. Many aspects of surface anatomy between the sexes are similar but there are a few differences which mainly relate to sexual differentiation during development ...
BWV #2: In this experiment, you will Use agar cubes cut into various size blocks to simulate cells. Use a Conductivity Probe to measure the quantity of ions in a solution. Determine the relationship between the surface area and volume of a cell.
A smooth, slightly elevated area on the body surface, which is redder or paler than the surrounding skin. It is the typical lesion of urticaria, the dermal evidence of allergy, and in sensitive persons may be provoked by mechanical irritation of the skin.
d) Decomposed organic materials are absorbed through body surface. 100) The process by which absorbed nutrient materials are used for the synthesis of body building molecules or energy yielding molecules is called ...
For the Heat Sink Fan, we want to add a second fan to the PCR machine. The reason for adding an addtional fan would be cool the heat sink down more rapidly. We also want to change the heat sink in general by add more surface area to the metal sheets in the center. We would increase the number of sheets vertically. We would add sheets horizontally, reducing space between sheets, to increase the surface area even more. Instructions ...
Females are more vulnerable / prone to getting sexually transmitted infections due to their anatomy (surface area of exposure is larger in women).
Dosing is based on body surface area (BSA) as calculated by the Mosteller formula. Compared to amphotericin B, caspofungin ... "Simplified calculation of body-surface area". The New England Journal of Medicine. 317 (17): 1098. doi:10.1056/ ... headache Whole body: fever, phlebitis or thrombophlebitis, complications at the intravenous cannulation site (e.g. induration ...
Based on watts produced and body surface area[edit]. Still another definition of 1 MET is 58.2 W/m2 (18.4 Btu/h·ft2), which is ... The surface area of an average person is 1.8 m2 (19 ft2). Metabolic rate is usually expressed in terms of unit area of the ... whereas body composition (ratio of body fat to lean body mass) accounted for most of the variance.[4][5] ... total body surface (ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55[1]). Based on resting metabolic rate[edit]. Originally, 1 MET was considered as the ...
See also Body surface area. Because of the variety of methods to select when determining a patient's body surface area, studies ... There are approximately 25 different formulae for measuring a patient's body surface area, none of them exact. ... Redlarski, Grzegorz; Palkowski, Aleksander; Krawczuk, Marek (2016-06-21). "Body surface area formulae: an alarming ambiguity". ... drug dosages for treatment for more serious diseases like cancer is commonly done through measuring the Body Surface Area of ...
The body surface area largely bald and shiny. The abdomen has a typical, slightly diamond-shaped outline. Panurgus have one ...
These models use whole body surface area rather than the surface area of specific parts for the mathematical input. c. The ... The surface area of skin exposed. The surface area of an adult is about 20,900 square centimeters (3,240 sq in) and the surface ... Human body surface area database and estimation formula. Burns. 2010 Aug;36(5):616-29.. Wester; et al. (1987). "In vivo and ... surface area exposed × permeability coefficient / body weight. Models for this can be found in the EPA Standard Operating ...
Areas PV and S2 both map the body surface. Functional neuroimaging in humans has revealed that in areas PV and S2 the face is ... Individual neurons in areas PV and S2 receive input from wide areas of the body surface (they have large "receptive fields"), ... and stimulation on one side of the body will activate area S2 in both hemispheres. Brodmann area 5 Brodmann area 7 Adrian, ED ( ... area. Posterior to PV is the secondary somatosensory area (area S2, which must not be confused with "region S2" which ...
... the largest body surface area exposed to the external environment. The intestine offers nutrients and protection to microbes, ... and other important microflora work similarly to support homeostasis and general health in areas all over the human body such ... meaning a regular microbiota is necessary for a healthy host immune system as the body is more susceptible to infectious and ... For example, bacteria on the apical surfaces of epithelial cells are phagocytosed by dendritic cells located beneath peyer's ...
Helmuth H (1998). "Body height, body mass and surface area of the Neanderthals". Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie ... Modern humans have the slowest body growth of any mammal during childhood (the period between infancy and puberty) with lack of ... It was observed that the pattern of vertebral maturation and extended brain growth might reflect the broad Neanderthal body ... Arthritis was common in the older Neanderthal population, specifically targeting areas of articulation such as the ankle ( ...
One hundred and twenty participants with a body surface area (. ... body weight and plasma colloid osmotic pressure (COP) were ... The root cause of this situation is the decreased blood concentration and viscosity in the body. During the cardiopulmonary ...
Pinkel D (August 1958). "The use of body surface area as a criterion of drug dosage in cancer chemotherapy". Cancer Research. ... Saam J, Critchfield GC, Hamilton SA, Roa BB, Wenstrup RJ, Kaldate RR (September 2011). "Body surface area-based dosing of 5- ... The standard method of determining chemotherapy dosage is based on calculated body surface area (BSA). The BSA is usually ... Beumer JH, Chu E, Salamone SJ (November 2012). "Body-surface area-based chemotherapy dosing: appropriate in the 21st century ...
Limb length affects the body's surface area, which helps with thermoregulation. Shorter limbs help to conserve heat, while ... There are two types of heat the body is adapted to, humid heat and dry heat, but the body has adapted to both in the same way. ... The human body has two methods of thermogenesis, which produces heat to raise the core body temperature. The first is shivering ... Individuals with larger bodies are better suited for colder climates because larger bodies produce more heat due to having more ...
They then flatten their body laterally, to create more surface area. To propel themselves forward they bend their body from ... The body of M. leonina is translucent and is usually colorless to pale yellow or green. The average body dimensions are 102mm ... Two rows containing three to six pairs of flat, paddle-shaped cerata run along the body. The cerata range in size, with the ... Adults feed by pulling back their oral hood until it is almost perpendicular to the body, and then thrust it forward until ...
The rabbit's pinnae represent a fair part of the body surface area. It is theorized that the ears aid in dispersion of heat at ... For example, in black tailed jack rabbits, their long ears cover a greater surface area relative to their body size that allow ... Their ears contribute to 17% of their total body surface area. Their large pinna were evolved to maintain homeostasis while in ... does the opposite and folds its ears in order to decrease its surface area to the ambient air which would decrease their body ...
The westernmost two ice bodies are roughly equal in surface area. All bodies of ice located in these cirques are separated by ... The Cameron Glaciers are several ice bodies located on Mount Cameron in the Olympic Mountains in Olympic National Park. These ... The ice bodies in the easternmost, northeast-oriented cirque are the smallest, while the glacier just to the west is the ...
To estimate the body surface area of a burn, the rule of nines assigns BSA values to each major body part: This allows the ... "the proportional contribution of various major body segments to the total body surface area changes with obesity." One study ... The Wallace rule of nines is a tool used in pre-hospital and emergency medicine to estimate the total body surface area (BSA) ... body surface area for each arm 20% BSA for each leg 50% for the trunk, and 2% for the head. Other studies have found that the ...
... and a total surface area of 29.1 c m 2 {\displaystyle cm^{2}} . The surface area gives it a screen-to-body ratio of 48.4%. The ... The phone initially launched with a price of €150 ($210). The phone body is made of plastic, with the screen and keyboard ...
More complex calculations (eg, those using body surface area) are rarely required. It is important to achieve a fluid status ... total body surface area burned = Amount of fluid ( in ml) to give over 24 hours). The Parkland formula gives the minimum amount ... Fluid overload is defined as an increase in body weight of over 10%. Aggressive fluid resuscitation can lead to fluid overload ... from 10 to 20 kg the caloric expenditure is 1000 cal plus 50 cal/kg for each kilogram of body weight more than 10; over 20 kg ...
For example, body surface area is a function of height and width). Similarly, there may be "constraints" that must be true for ... a standard now managed by the Apache Foundation and employed in areas such as natural language processing. Software that ...
Surface gold mining led to the pollution of water bodies in those areas. He also elevated a number of Odikros or Care takers to ... He also established gold mines in the traditional area his reign. He also listened to complains of the people in some ... During his reign, there was an increase in the number of educational institutions in the Akyem Abukwa Traditional area. He also ...
Saam, J; Critchfield G. C.; Hamilton S. A.; Roa B. B.; Wenstrup R. J.; Kaldate R. R. (2011). "Body surface area-based dosing of ... Felici A.; J. Verweij; Sparreboom A. (2002). "Dosing strategies for anticancer drugs: the good, the bad and body-surface area ... body surface area (BSA). The limitations of BSA-based dosing prevent oncologists from being able to accurately titer the dosage ... "Role of body surface area in dosing of investigational anticancer agents in adults, 1991-2001". J Natl Cancer Inst. 94 (24): ...
This differs from an adult to a child as the total body surface area is divided up differently for a child and for an adult- ... Face, Stephen; Dalton, Sarah (2017-06-15). "Consistency of total body surface area assessment in severe burns: Implications for ... A doctor will assess the burns and calculate the total area of the child's body that is covered in the burn and from there will ... times the total burn surface area (TBSA). Once this has been calculated, half of this volume is to be given to the patient in ...
Generalized argyria affects large areas over much of the visible surface of the body. Local argyria shows in limited regions of ... Metals in an oxidation state abnormal to the body may also become toxic: chromium(III) is an essential trace element, but ... Complexation prevents the metal ions from reacting with molecules in the body, and enable them to be dissolved in blood and ... Even though zinc is an essential requirement for a healthy body, excess zinc can be harmful, and cause zinc toxicity. Such ...
Generalized argyria affects large areas over much of the visible surface of the body. Local argyria shows in limited regions of ... doctors have known that silver or silver compounds can cause some areas of the skin and other body tissues to turn grey or blue ... chronic intake of silver products commonly leads to gradual accumulation of silver compounds in various parts of the body. As ... the body, such as patches of skin, parts of the mucous membrane or the conjunctiva. The terms argyria and argyrosis have long ...
Body shape is another factor that affects thermal comfort. Heat dissipation depends on body surface area. A tall and skinny ... "the proportion of the total skin surface area of the body covered with sweat". The wetness of skin in different areas also ... which is equal to the energy produced per unit surface area of an average person seated at rest. The surface area of an average ... usually expressed in terms of unit area of the total body surface. Metabolic rate is expressed in met units, which are defined ...
The woolly rhinoceros had several features reducing the body's surface area and minimized heat loss. Its ears were no longer ... The body's length ended with a 45 to 50 centimetres (1.48 to 1.64 ft) tail with a brush of coarse hair at the end. Females had ... The body was handed over to the Yakutia Academy of Sciences, where it was named "Sasha" after one of its discoverers. Dental ... Isotope studies on horns show that the woolly rhinoceros had a seasonal diet; different areas of horn growth suggest that it ...
Some authors replace the body weight by the lean body weight or the body surface area. Also for c(t) from a region of interest ... body surface area correction is preferable to body weight correction". Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 35: 164-167. Vesa Oikonen ... Thus, while the body weight is usually measured and used for the SUV calculation, this is implicitly converted to the body ... the body weight BW (near the time of image acquisition) implicitly converted into the body volume assuming an average mass ...
The body weight per footprint surface area of the moose foot is intermediate between that of the pronghorn foot, (which have ... The moose's body weight per surface area of footprint is about twice that of the caribou's. On firm ground, a bull moose leaves ... The moose hoof splays under load, increasing surface area, which limits sinking of the moose foot into soft ground or snow, and ... Moose avoid areas with little or no snow as this increases the risk of predation by wolves and avoid areas with deep snow, as ...
The maximum width of the body is 1.5 km and the surface area is 14.7 km2. The complex was discovered in 1950 by the Geological ... At some areas, the apatite content is so high that the rock is named as apatite rock (at least 25% apatite). Apatite occurs as ... The ore body also contains blue-green rocks which are composed up to 50 modal% of richterite. The main minerals of the ore ... The content is mostly very low and the rock consist mainly of calcite, but in some areas, the dolomite content can be as high ...
The folds in the skin increase the surface area and help in regulating the body temperature. The thick skin does not protect ... Expansion of other protective areas and introduction of rhinos in more areas is needed. Sport hunting became common in the late ... Its habitat is surrounded by human-dominated landscapes, so that in many areas, it occurs in cultivated areas, pastures, and ... Males have a head and body length of 368-380 cm (12.07-12.47 ft) with a shoulder height of 170-186 cm (5.58-6.10 ft), while ...
They are sexually dimorphic; the female mating form has a special glandular area on the dorsal surface of the body. The half- ...
Less subject to surface artifacts, such as eye and facial movements. *Capable of at-home training due to smaller, more portable ... which are responsible for the transport and transference of oxygen to tissue throughout the body, must increase the amount of ... light on a specified area of the brain, usually through the forehead. While the skull is largely translucent to these ... cerebral blood flow to the cortical area in use must increase proportionally. Along with the increase in flow, hemoglobin ...
See also: History of the Galveston Bay Area. White settlers first arrived in the now-Baytown area in 1822.[8] One of its ... More Mini Murals are lined up for 2019.[needs update] A privately funded mural called Cruisin W. Texas Avenue has surfaced[tone ... Bodies of water. *Buffalo Bayou. *Galveston Bay. *Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. *Houston Ship Channel ... Flatness of the local terrain and proximity to the bay have made flooding a recurring problem for the area.[13] Baytown and ...
The Imperial Diet (Reichstag, or Reichsversammlung) was not a legislative body as is understood today, as its members ... There were also some areas ruled directly by the Emperor. At no time could the Emperor simply issue decrees and govern ... The Pope and the German princes had surfaced as major players in the political system of the empire. ... Going by the given areas, Wilson's figures only include the German and Czech speaking parts of the Reich, thus excluding the ...
Since small mammals have a high ratio of heat-losing surface area to heat-generating volume, they tend to have high energy ... Fungi digest organic matter outside their bodies as opposed to animals that digest their food inside their bodies. For humans, ... the body starts to produce the feeling of hunger. The body also stimulates eating by detecting a drop in cellular lipid levels ... As time passes between meals, the body starts to take nutrients from long-term reservoirs.[20] When the glucose levels of cells ...
... consisting of areas with sparse links among species and distinct areas of tightly linked species. These regions of high link ... To maintain their bodies, grow, develop, and to reproduce, autotrophs produce organic matter from inorganic substances, ... "Regeneration, recycling, and trophic transfer of trace metals by microbial food-web organisms in the pelagic surface waters of ... This has led to the concept or area of study known as cross-boundary subsidy.[59][60] "This leads to anomalies, such as food ...
"Body and Earth Are Not Two': Kawaguchi Yoshikazu's NATURAL FARMING and American Agriculture Writers". ResearchGate. Retrieved ... Without plowing, seeds germinate well on the surface if site conditions meet the needs of the seeds placed there. Fukuoka used ... This also facilitates the sowing of seeds in the same area because the dense ground layer hides the seeds from animals such as ... Tilling uproots all the plants in the area, turning their roots into food for bacteria and fungi. This damages their ability to ...
... different dialects use more Persian and Arabic vocabulary especially in different areas of Bangladesh and Muslim majority areas ... Wickramasinghe, Nira (2003). Dressing the Colonised Body: Politics, Clothing, and Identity in Sri Lanka. Orient Longman. p. 26 ... Among Bengali speakers brought up in neighbouring linguistic regions (e.g. Hindi), the lost copula may surface in utterances ... The dialect in the Chittagong region is least widely understood by the general body of Bengalis.[55] The majority of Bengalis ...
Large surface area provides a large area for capture of sunlight.. *In harmful levels of sunlight, specialized leaves, opaque ... Esau, Katherine (2006) [1953]. Evert, Ray F (ed.). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their ... Strong wind forces may result in diminished leaf number and surface area, which while reducing drag, involves a trade off of ... Most leaves have distinct upper surface (adaxial) and lower surface (abaxial) that differ in color, hairiness, the number of ...
... patient waste and surfaces that may have come into contact with body fluids need to be disinfected.[111] During the 2014 ... The outbreak centred on the Bikoro, Iboko, and Wangata areas in Equateur province,[206] including in the large city of Mbandaka ... Ebola can stay in some body parts like the eyes,[143] breasts, and testicles after infection.[4][144] Sexual transmission after ... Their life cycle is thought to begin with a virion attaching to specific cell-surface receptors such as C-type lectins, DC-SIGN ...
Because gills have a large surface area, tadpoles can get more oxygen by using them. Young tadpoles have their gills exposed. ... Their bodies will take in the water. Their bodies are thin and have a lot of blood vessels, this helps them to be able to take ... Where they live in the same area, the newts get more poisonous, and the snakes develop more resistance to the poison.[6][7][8] ... They often live in semi-aquatic or inhabit humid areas.[9] A popular distinction is often made between frogs and toads on the ...
The Lower Paleolithic Homo erectus possibly invented rafts (c. 840,000 - c. 800,000 BP) to travel over large bodies of water, ... Most known hominin fossils dating earlier than one million years before present are found in this area, particularly in Kenya, ... or more over the entire surface of the Earth. During interglacial times, such as at present, drowned coastlines were common, ... Human population density was very low, around only one person per square mile.[3] This was most likely due to low body fat, ...
Research in this area is hampered by the fact that no written Hitler-Order launching the Final Solution has ever been found, ... Their bodies were buried in mass graves initially.[79] Both Treblinka and Bełżec were equipped with powerful crawler excavators ... from Polish construction sites in the vicinity, capable of most digging tasks without disrupting surfaces.[80] Although other ... When the Wehrmacht invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, the area of the General Government was enlarged by the inclusion of ...
"The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . ... After an inflamed nodular acne lesion resolves, it is common for the skin to darken in that area, which is known as ... the skin cells that have died come up to the surface and exit the pore of the hair follicle.[10] In people with acne, the ... Light therapy is a treatment method that involves delivering certain specific wavelengths of light to an area of skin affected ...
In order to catch their prey pickerel frogs will often search grassy areas next to bodies of water.[3] ... The egg masses adhere to woody or herbaceous vegetation, varying in depth from a few centimeters below the surface to 4 feet ... Another important distinguishing mark is the orange or yellow flash pattern found on the inner surface of the hind legs of ... Egg masses are typically laid in well-vegetated areas and are often difficult to locate. The masses superficially resemble ...
Larvae assess surfaces based upon their surface texture, chemistry, relative wettability, color, and the presence or absence ... "Let's learn about the body structure of a barnacle" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 25, 2012.. ... "Distinguishing between sea turtle foraging areas using stable isotopes from commensal barnacle shells". Scientific Reports. 9 ... It explores potential surfaces with modified antennules; once it has found a potentially suitable spot, it attaches head-first ...
These areas of pseudomembrane are sometimes described as "curdled milk", or "cottage cheese". The white material is made up of ... Antifungal medication can also be applied to the fitting surface of the denture before it is put back in the mouth. Other ... where there is involvement of other parts of the body in addition to the mouth. The global human immunodeficiency virus/ ... The area is depapillated, reddened (or red and white) and rarely painful. There is frequently Candida species in the lesion, ...
This is, needless to say, an area of ongoing inquiry with a lot of open questions): [2],[3],[4], [5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10], [11] ... So about 1500 km seems to be the limit for a nonspherical body, at least one made from materials common in our solar system. ... I am asking about those 2 specific things because they are developable surfaces.2804:7F2:691:D026:F49A:3097:3AC3:3524 (talk) 15 ... What we normally call planets are big enough to have substantial surface gravity. So they end up close to spherical or (because ...
Articles on areas must explain the motivations, the history, the limits of the area (when there is a consensus for that), and ... What is the intended division of labor between the two articles? Is there a substantial body of knowledge specific to quadratic ... Kummer surface Done Jakob.scholbach (talk). *Meta learning (computer science) Done. *Michael Roberts (mathematician) → ... we must distinguish articles about an area of mathematics, such as Trigonometry from articles about the fundamental concept(s) ...
Some species differ in form from the typical octopus body shape. Members of the suborder Cirrina have stout gelatinous bodies ... The interior surfaces of the arms are covered with circular, adhesive suckers. The suckers allow the octopus to anchor itself ... Octopuses are not territorial but generally remain in a home range; they may leave the area in search of food. They can use ... This moves the body slowly.[31]. In 2005, Adopus aculeatus and veined octopus (Amphioctopus marginatus) were found to walk on ...
The check-in area is located in the public area at Level 1 and houses 118 counters organised in eight clusters, called check-in ... Reports have surfaced about cable conduits that hold too many cables or hold cables in incompatible combinations, such as phone ... Both provide enough space for maintenance work on four to five narrow-body aircraft.[306][307] ... Commercial and exposition areaEdit. Berlin Air Show (ILA)Edit. Visitors to the Berlin Air Show watching a flight display of an ...
... and the articular surface for the ulnare on the ulna is convex; the articular surface of the ulnare is smaller than that of the ... The areas around these pits are swollen and porous, suggesting the wounds were afflicted by a short-lived non-lethal infection ... The tail, partially stiffened by overlapping vertebral projections, balanced the body and was also an adaptation for speed.[9] ... Although Herrerasaurus shared the body shape of the large carnivorous dinosaurs, it lived during a time when dinosaurs were ...
As the updraft intensifies, it creates an area of low pressure at the surface. This pulls the focused mesocyclone down, in the ... While traveling over a body of water (as a waterspout), tornadoes can turn white or even blue. Slow-moving funnels, which ... Spotters watch all areas of a storm, and the cloud base and surface.[105] ... A large portion of these tornadoes form in an area of the central United States known as Tornado Alley.[69] This area extends ...
He can raise his body temperature to even greater levels than the surface of the sun, which makes punching him out of the ... The two-star dragon, Haze Shenron, is severely polluting the entire area, so Pan steps in to stop him. She is much more ... The dragon reveals that he uses a hosts body to form his own. He was using a mole's body, which is why he was so weak, but now ... Baby (in Vegeta's body) then confronts Goku.. 29. "The Fall of The Saiyans" / "The Situation is Even Worse!? Super Saiyan 3 ...
A 2010 study from the US used huge nationally representative databases to compare smoking-restricted areas with control areas ... Administrative bodies,. courts Prisons Clinics Asylums Schools,. youth. houses,. kindergartens High. schools Gymnasiums,. ... solid particulates from secondhand smoke that are adsorbed onto surfaces and later re-emitted as gases or transferred through ... Only public areas. Ireland[edit]. The Republic of Ireland was the first country to introduce fully smoke-free workplaces (March ...
... or altered sensation in the areas of the body served by nerves connected to the affected roots, e.g. limb(s) or part(s) of ... The spread of B. burgdorferi is aided by the attachment of the host protease plasmin to the surface of the spirochete.[87] ... In many areas, expansion of suburban neighborhoods has led to gradual deforestation of surrounding wooded areas and increased ... but it is expanding into other areas.[59] Several bordering areas of Canada also have high Lyme risk.[105] ...
Apollonius' problem can be extended from the plane to the sphere and other quadratic surfaces. For the sphere, the problem is ... Pappus's area theorem. *Problem II.8 of Arithmetica. *Ptolemy's inequality. *Ptolemy's table of chords ... one can consider the problem of four tangent curves that result from the intersections of an arbitrary quadratic surface and ...
In the United Kingdom chiropractic is available on the National Health Service in some areas, such as Cornwall where the ... Palmer hypothesized that vertebral joint misalignments, which he termed vertebral subluxations, interfered with the body's ... although contact between joint surfaces remains intact.[45] It is essentially a functional entity, which may influence ... although the body of literature is still weak.[106] A 2010 Cochrane review found low quality evidence that suggests cervical ...
The difference between soft and hard body parts stems mostly from the fact that carbon has a very low X-ray cross section ... This device is made of a vacuum tube with a wide input surface coated on the inside with caesium iodide (CsI). When hit by X- ... This is determined by the area of the electron beam hitting the anode. A large photon source results in more blurring in the ... Since the body is made up of various substances with differing densities, Ionising and non-ionising radiation can be used to ...
The pipes were buried 50 centimeters (19.7 in) under a level field, the position of each marked on the surface with a colored ... In the lead-mining area of the Mendip Hills in Somerset in the 17th century the natural philosopher Robert Boyle, inspired by ... bodies absorbed the radio waves and unconscious hand movement reactions took place following the standing waves or intensity ... Gregory concluded that the results were a matter of chance or explained by observations from ground surface clues.[37][38] ...
With widespread degradation of highly biodiverse habitats such as coral reefs and rainforests, as well as other areas, the vast ... Over the past 125,000 years, the average body size of wildlife has fallen by 14% as human actions eradicated megafauna on all ... with 13 percent of Earth's ice-free land surface now used as row-crop agricultural sites, 26 percent used as pastures, and 4 ... Some leading scientists have advocated for the global community to designate as protected areas 30 percent of the planet by ...
In physiology and medicine, the body surface area (BSA) is the measured or calculated surface area of a human body. For many ... Sardinha, LB; Silva, AM; Minderico, CS; Teixeira, PJ (2006). "Effect of body surface area calculations on body fat estimates in ... "Surface area in children: a simple formula". Indian Pediatrics. 46 (12): 1085-7. PMID 19430073. Georgiev, Georgi. "Body Surface ... Lipscombe, Trevor, Body Surface Area Formula by Use of Geometric Means Medicina Internacia Revuo 2020, 29 (114):11-18 Schlich, ...
... of the body surface area. For children and infants, the Lund and Browder chart is used to assess the burned body surface area. ... Different percentages are used because the ratio of the combined surface area of the head and neck to the surface area of the ... Total body surface area (TBSA) is an assessment of injury to or disease of the skin, such as burns or psoriasis. In adults, the ... In burn cases that involve partial body areas, or when dermatologists are evaluating the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index ( ...
Body surface area of female swine.. Kelley KW, Curtis SE, Marzan GT, Karara HM, Anderson CR. ...
Interdependence Between Body Surface Area and UVB Dose in Vitamin D Production: A Randomized Controlled Trial. ... The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between vitamin D production after UVB and exposed body surface areas ... The Relation Between Vitamin D Production and UVB Exposed Body Surface Area. This study has been completed. ... The Relation Between Vitamin D Production and UVB Exposed Body Surface Area. ...
A New Dosing Regimen for Posaconazole Prophylaxis in Children Based on Body Surface Area. The safety and scientific validity of ... A New Dosing Regimen for Posaconazole Prophylaxis in Children Based in Body Surface Area. ... based on body surface area (BSA), used prophylactically in immunocompromised children under the age of 13. ... 9 plasma samples are collected in these patients to calculate the area under the curve and other relevant PK parameters as ...
Calculates Body surface area (BSA) from your height and weight. Canine body surface area (m2) chart; Feline body surface area ( ... The groin area equals 1% of the bodys surface area. The body surface area (BSA) is the measured surface of a human body. It is ... of the bodys surface area. Body Surface Area (BSA) BSA measures the total surface area of the body and is used to calculate ... Body surface area (BSA): measured or calculated surface area of a human body. In an adult who has been burned, the percent of ...
... of calculated dose by body surface area. Acta Paediatr. 75% of calculated dose by body surface area. Various Body Surface Area ... Area calculator determines your body surface area from height and weight calculate body surface area for their weight than....: ... The total surface area of the human body. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, ... 1992]. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, the body surface area depends on ...
Is the body surface body surface area of newborn of newborn infant eq body surface area of Africans: a based! Overlay panel M.D ... Calculated dose by body surface area in various childhood ages -- validation of the body surface area the. To back to avoid ... Our body surface area calculator determines your body surface area (BSA) in square meters, square feet, and square inch. In ... Body surface area: BSA. Haycock GB, Schwartz GJ, Wisotsky DH "Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height-weight ...
Average body surface area for adult men: 1.9 m2, Average body surface area for adult women: 1.6 m2, Average body surface area ... Average body surface area for adult men: 1.9 m2 ; Average body surface area for adult women: 1.6 m2 ; Average body surface area ... Body surface area In physiology and medicine, the body surface area is the measured or calculated surface of a human body. ... Average body surface area for children (12-13 years): 1.33 m2 Estimating the surface area of the human body. Human body surface ...
... Today I deployed my first Google application developed with the Google app engine (GAE). You have to be ... Physicians regularly use body surface area to calculate drug doses for their patients. Notably, the dosing of chemotherapeutic ... BSA Calculator is a body surface area (BSA) calculator with a simple layout in font that the visually challenged like me can ... Boyd E (1935) The growth of the surface area of the human body. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. ...
Based on watts produced and body surface area[edit]. Still another definition of 1 MET is 58.2 W/m2 (18.4 Btu/h·ft2), which is ... The surface area of an average person is 1.8 m2 (19 ft2). Metabolic rate is usually expressed in terms of unit area of the ... whereas body composition (ratio of body fat to lean body mass) accounted for most of the variance.[4][5] ... total body surface (ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55[1]). Based on resting metabolic rate[edit]. Originally, 1 MET was considered as the ...
2100(body surface area) + 1000(body surface area × TBSA). 1-11 year:. 1800(body surface area) + 1300(body surface area × TBSA) ... 1500(body surface area) + 1500(body surface area × TBSA) Focuses on maintaining body weight ... Burned body surface and Wallace rule. The Parkland formula requires the total burned body surface area which is estimated as a ... According to it the surface area of the palm of victim is approximately 1% of total body surface area. ...
... buy Thin Body M6 Flat Washer Large Surface Area For Auto Body Repair from China manufacturer. ... Thin Body M6 Flat Washer Large Surface Area For Auto Body Repair. ... Bright Surface Chrome Flat Washers Abundant Painting Ring Shape Oxidization SS Flat Washers , Assorted Metal Washers Nickel ... Yellow Sae Flat Washer , 10mm Flat Washer Smooth Bearing Surface * Light Non Standard Washers Cadmium Plated Manually Input ...
Rule of Nines (Body Surface Area). Burns are categorized by percentage of body area. For example, "he has a second-degree burn ... 948.1 Burns classified according to extent of body surface involved; 10-19 percent of body surface [a fifth digit is not ... A babys body area is measured differently than an adult because its head and torso have more skin area than their appendages. ... of total body surface area). 16030 Dressings and/or debridement of partial-thickness burns, initial or subsequent; large (eg, ...
BSA body surface area. BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. BSP Bromosulfaphthalein (test). BTL bilateral tubal ligation ... The following categories are invalid for underlying cause coding in the United States registration areas. Substitute code(s) ... Cut, cutting (any part of body) (by) (see also Contact, with, by object or machine) ...
BSA body surface area. BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. BSP Bromosulfaphthalein (test). BTL bilateral tubal ligation ... School, other institution and public administrative area. Excludes: Building under construction (6). Residential institution (1 ... The following categories are invalid for underlying cause coding in the United States registration areas. Substitute code(s) ... Cut, cutting (any part of body) (by) (see also Contact, with, by object or machine) ...
Find out information about body weight-to-surface area. measure of the force of gravity on a body . Since the weights of ... different bodies at the same location are proportional to their masses, weight is often... Explanation of body weight-to- ... Body weight-to-surface area , Article about body weight-to-surface area by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2. ... redirected from body weight-to-surface area). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial. weight,. measure ...
The groups were well matched for age, sex, body mass index, body surface area, and smoking status. Most HD patients were ... Mosteller RD (1987) Simplified calculation of body-surface area. N Engl J Med 317:1098PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Values were indexed to body surface area using the method described by Mosteller [16]. ... maximum aortic area - minimum aortic area) / (minimum aortic area x ΔP), where ΔP is the average of three brachial pulse ...
Note that the VEPT (Volume of Electrically Participating Tissue) and BSA (Body Surface Area) are, according to the present ... Using one of four modified lead configurations, the body surface potential is measured between two measurement electrodes. This ... between the lower surface 740 of the upper element 730 and the upper surface 742 of the lower element 732. The post 734 of the ... such as the various stations of a local area network or wide area network. The network interface device 1902 in the present ...
BSA, Body Surface Area; DLQI, Dermatology Life Quality Index; ITT, intent-to-treat; mGPASI, modified Genital Psoriasis Area and ... The mixed-effects model for repeated measures includes treatment, baseline body surface area category, baseline value, visit, ... placebo in patients with moderate-to-severe GenPs with ≥ 1% involved body surface area (BSA). ... even in patients with lower body surface area (BSA) involvement.[5] However, interventional clinical studies for GenPs are ...
... independent of traditional risk factors such as body weight. Applying the studys findings to the number of people who have ... Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found people with psoriasis that covers 10 percent of their body ... Gelfand and his team used body surface area (BSA), which measures the percentage of the body covered by psoriasis. Using a ... Penn researchers say measuring body surface area in psoriasis can identify highest risk cases. ...
BSA= affected body surface area; CDLQI =Childrens Dermatology Life Quality Index; EASI = Eczema Area and Severity Index; LOE= ... Erythema, surface damage. Oral decoction daily. 5mo. AD improved. [44]/LOE-A. ... level of evidence according to the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine;[5] SASSAD= six area, six sign, atopic dermatitis score; ... Psoriasis Area and Severity Index; QLI = Quality of Life Index. ...
Body Surface Area * Child * Child, Preschool * Cineangiography * Coronary Angiography * Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging* ... regardless of body size; III (severe)--giant aneurysms, with the maximal diameter greater than 8.0 mm. Most mild coronary ...
Body surface area. CTCAE:. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. ECOG:. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. ... the face is often the first area affected by the rash. The rash tends to wax and wane during therapy, with "flare ups" ... applied twice a day on the face and the whole body (including the periungual zone). The skin was cleansed with water-emulsified ...
Body Surface Area. *Safety. *(and 2 more...). 8. All. 18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult). NCT01761019. PRO12100308. ... Change from baseline in plaque psoriasis as assessed by PASI(psoriasis area and severity index) response or PASI 75 (a patient ... Proportion of subjects with an improvement of at least 75% in the psoriasis area-and-severity index (PASI) by week 12 ... Change in Psoriasis area severity index from baseline to 12 weeks after acitretin therapy ...
Surface Area; Body Mass Index..." Calculator #1 output values include: "...Energy Expenditures (Resting EE, Stressors, Total ... Children & Teens Body Mass Calculator (Child Body Mass Calculator) (Teenager Body Mass Calculcator) INPUT Values include: "... ... Surface Area; Body Mass Index..." Calculator #1 output values include: "...Energy Expenditures (Resting EE, Stressors, Total ... SAGE II, SURFACE AREA GRAPHIC EVALUATION - BURN DIAGRAMMING - CALCULATOR - SageDiagram, LLC., Portland, OR Multimedia Clinical ...
See also Body surface area. Because of the variety of methods to select when determining a patients body surface area, studies ... There are approximately 25 different formulae for measuring a patients body surface area, none of them exact. ... Redlarski, Grzegorz; Palkowski, Aleksander; Krawczuk, Marek (2016-06-21). "Body surface area formulae: an alarming ambiguity". ... drug dosages for treatment for more serious diseases like cancer is commonly done through measuring the Body Surface Area of ...
5.3 Body size and surface area. From pygmy shrews to armadillos, a wide range of mammals survive on a diet made up largely of ... El Nino Sea Surface Temperature and Height Anomalies 3D Isometric View: January 1997 through July 19. An animation of sea ... The lab involves growing plants from seed, making surface impressions of leaf cells using fingernail polish, an. Author(s): No ... surface temperature and height anomalies in the Pacific for January 1997 through July 1998 from NOAA AVHRR and TOPEX Poseidon. ...
C. Optimal Body Surface Area. An infants total body surface area17 can be influenced by the disproportionate head size, ... Changing the infants posture every 2 to 3 hours may maximize the area exposed to light. Exposed body surface area treated ... increasing the proximity may reduce the exposed body surface area. Irradiance distribution in the illuminated area (footprint) ... total body surface exposure from multiple directions) achieves exposure of approximately 80% of the total body surface. In ...
AV = aortic valve; AVA = aortic valve area; BSA = body surface area; LVOT = left ventricular outflow tract; TVI = time-velocity ... AV = aortic valve; AVA = aortic valve area; BSA = body surface area; LVOT = left ventricular outflow tract; TVI = time-velocity ... AVA of 1.0 cm 2 or less, or AVA indexed for body surface area (BSA) of 0.6 cm 2/m 2 or less (as estimated by the continuity ... In these subsets, AS is defined by an aortic valve area (AVA) of 1.0 cm2 or less but a maximum aortic jet velocity (Vmax) of ...
  • 18 years old) in comparison with other empirically derived formulas (DuBois and DuBois, Boyd [The growth of the surface area of the human body. (nih.gov)
  • A number of different formulas have been developed over the years to calculate the body surface area and they give slightly different results. (sayyesforever.org)
  • We hypothesized that the BSA PRED and W PRED are not equivalent and analyzed the differences between BSA PRED calculated with various formulas for body surface area (BSA), W PRED and the dose of prednisone prescribed for our patients. (sayyesforever.org)
  • Aim: To explore the suitability of existing formulas to estimate the body surface area (BSA) of newborns when direct measurement of surface estimation is not practical. (pragomedia.se)
  • Due to either overestimation or underestimation, two formulas (Boyd and Dubois) are not recommended for surface estimation of newborns. (pragomedia.se)
  • Use Total Body Water Calculator to find out your total body water content based various formulas. (medindia.net)
  • For many clinical purposes, BSA is a better indicator of metabolic mass than body weight because it is less affected by abnormal adipose mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is some evidence that BSA values are less accurate at extremes of height and weight, where Body Mass Index may be a better estimate (for hemodynamic parameters). (wikipedia.org)
  • The most widely used is the Du Bois formula, which has been shown to be equally as effective in estimating body fat in obese and non-obese patients, something the Body mass index fails to do. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body Mass Index and Body Surface Area: What's the Difference? (nursingcenter.com)
  • Body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA) are two measures used frequently in health care, however, they are not well understood. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Calculated based on height and weight, 1 BMI is easy to measure, reliable, and correlated with percentage of body fat mass. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Calculates body mass index and body surface area. (sayyesforever.org)
  • Some patients tend to gain fat and lose muscle (or lean body mass) at the same time. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • One potential explanation for this is that patients with sarcopenia have a reduced volume of lean body mass into which chemotherapy drugs are distributed, resulting in a higher concentration and greater toxicity. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • This study will randomize lung cancer patients to either the standard dosing strategy based on body surface area or experimental, personalized dosing based on lean body mass. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • Based on retrospective findings in this patient population, the investigators expect to find that severe toxicity will be reduced for sarcopenic patients on the personalized dosing arm based on lean body mass. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • Retrospective findings of NSCLC patients treated with a cisplatin based chemotherapy regimen show that although all were given cisplatin at the standard rate of 75 mg/m2 according to lean body mass, when this was expressed in relation to individual lean body mass, there was a high degree of variation. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • The relatively muscular subset of patients with higher lean body mass had a reduced level of severe toxicity compared to those at the median dose. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • If the expected level of dose limiting toxicity in sarcopenic patients is 80% based on the standard method of dosing, this could be expected to be reduced to the median value of 41% dose limiting toxicity by the administration of cisplatin scaled to individual lean body mass. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • Hypothesis: Levels of severe toxicity in sarcopenic patients may be reduced to clinically acceptable levels by cisplatin dosing scaled to 3.1 mg/kg lean body mass compared with standard dosing of 75 mg/m2 based on body surface area. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • BSA is one sign that is used mostly for medical purposes to determine the total metabolic mass as compared to body weight and the advantage using BSA is that it is less affected by the abnormal adipose mass. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • In physiology and medicine, the body surface area (BSA) is the measured or calculated surface area of a human body.For many clinical purposes, BSA is a better indicator of metabolic mass than body weight because it is less affected by abnormal adipose mass. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • The original definition of metabolic equivalent of task is the oxygen used by a person in milliliters per minute per kilogram body mass divided by 3.5. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] [5] By convention, 1 MET is considered equivalent to the consumption of 3.5 ml O 2 ·kg −1 ·min −1 (or 3.5 ml of oxygen per kilogram of body mass per minute) and is roughly equivalent to the expenditure of 1 kcal per kilogram of body weight per hour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the RMR of a person depends mainly on lean body mass (and not total weight) and other physiological factors such as health status, age, etc., actual RMR (and thus 1-MET energy equivalents) may vary significantly from the kcal/(kg·h) rule of thumb. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the body mass index requires your body weight, BAI requires only your height and hip circumference. (medindia.net)
  • The quickest way to reduce body fat might simply be to increase your muscle mass. (medindia.net)
  • Since the weights of different bodies at the same location are proportional to their masses, weight is often used as a measure of mass mass, in physics, the quantity of matter in a body regardless of its volume or of any forces acting on it. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • mass is a measure of the amount of matter present in a body and thus has the same value at different locations, and weight varies depending upon the location of the body in the earth's gravitational field (or the gravitational field of some other astronomical body). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A given body will have the same mass on the earth and on the moon, but its weight on the moon will be only about 16% of the weight as measured on the earth. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A body of mass m has a weight mg , where g is the acceleration of gravity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The weight of a body P is numerically equal to the gravitational force acting upon it-that is, P = mg , where m is the mass of the body and g is the acceleration of free fall (or the acceleration of gravity). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Since the mass of a body is a constant quantity (under ordinary conditions), but the value g changes on earth with latitude and altitude above sea level, the weight of a body changes correspondingly. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Within a small field near the earth's surface the value g may be considered constant and the weight of a body may be considered proportional to its mass. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Using a United Kingdom database, they surveyed general practitioners about BSA affected by psoriasis and looked at data on 8,124 adults with psoriasis and 76,599 adults without psoriasis over the course of four years, and they adjusted the samples to account for any differences in age, sex, and body mass index and other diabetes risk factors. (newswise.com)
  • The aim of this study was to establish the ranges for normal LV volumes, mass and ejection fraction normalized to the influence of body surface area(BSA), age and sex from CMR in a large cohort of well-treated TM patients without myocardial iron overload. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Data are inconsistent on the association between body mass index (BMI) at time of cancer diagnosis and prognosis. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Calculate your Body Surface Area and Body Mass Index in a while. (apple.com)
  • Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity due to their large skin surface-to-body-mass ratios. (prweb.com)
  • A quick and easy calculator to find your body mass index. (filetransit.com)
  • Using the scientific Quetelet formula, you can easily get an estimate of your body mass index based on your weight and height, in american or metric units. (filetransit.com)
  • Free BMI Calculator for all platforms, a software program designed to estimate Body Mass Index for people who encounter overweight or underweight problems or want to avoid overweight or underweight and all related grave consequences. (filetransit.com)
  • Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women. (filetransit.com)
  • Developed by My Apps Submission Feline BMI is as cute as your cat, but it is powered by a simple yet reliable assessments of body fat content in cats based on the actual formula of Feline Body Mass Index (FBMI). (filetransit.com)
  • Mosteller RD. Simplified calculation of body-surface area . (chemeurope.com)
  • Body Surface Area (m 2) Calculate: Reset: Mosteller Method: BSA (m 2) = (height (cm) x weight (kg)/3600) ½. (sayyesforever.org)
  • Estimation of body surface area in various childhood ages--validation of the Mosteller formula. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • Body surface area calculator for veterinary chemotherapy dose calculation. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • The body surface area is used in many measurements in medicine, including the calculation of drug dosages and the amount of fluids to be administered IV Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! (superskipbins.com.au)
  • Haycock GB, Schwartz GJ, Wisotsky DH "Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height-weight formula validated in infants, children and … Body surface area calculator for veterinary chemotherapy dose calculation. (pragomedia.se)
  • This review will discuss how to solve nursing dosage and calculation body surface area problems. (pragomedia.se)
  • Body surface area in normal-weight, overweight, and obese adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • In adults, the Wallace rule of nines can be used to determine the total percentage of area burned for each major section of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Mosteller's formula is recommended based on its simplicity and suitability for laboratory and clinical work in adults, accuracy studies in whites with 3-dimensional one-pass whole-body scanning are needed. (nih.gov)
  • TBSA burns You can quickly estimate the total body surface area of a burn by using the "rule of nines" in adults.In babies and young children, different percentages are used because the ratio of the combined surface area of the head and neck to the surface area of the limbs is typically larger in children than that of an adult(See table below). (sayyesforever.org)
  • Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height weight formula validated in infants, children and adults. (sayyesforever.org)
  • HHS Newborns have a higher body surface-to-weight ratio than adults. (pragomedia.se)
  • Calculate the ideal body weight for adults easily with Medindia's Ideal Body Weight Calculator. (medindia.net)
  • Here is a simple calculator for you to find out the total body surface area for adults, based on their height and weight, offered by medindia. (medindia.net)
  • It affects young people and adults who have been exposed to rural areas, with occurrence of familial cases. (scielo.br)
  • In burn cases that involve partial body areas, or when dermatologists are evaluating the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score, the patient's palm can serve a reference point roughly equivalent to 1% of the body surface area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drugs come with a recommended dose in milligrams or micrograms per kilogram of body weight, and that is used in conjunction with the patient's body weight to determine a safe dosage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Total body surface area (TBSA) is an assessment of injury to or disease of the skin, such as burns or psoriasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The association persisted when sex-specific cancers were excluded, when treatment regimens were restricted to dose based on body surface area, and when early-stage cancers were excluded. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Whether a drug is ingested orally, injected into a muscle or vein, absorbed through a mucus membrane, or any of the other types of administration routes, affects how quickly the substance will be metabolized by the body and thus effects the concentration of the active ingredient(s). (wikipedia.org)
  • TEN affects more than 30% of the body surface area. (rarediseases.org)
  • Fogo selvagem or endemic pemphigus foliaceus is an autoimmune acantholytic anti-cadherin bullous disease that primarily affects seborrheic areas, which might disseminate. (scielo.br)
  • 1 investigated the factors that influence B-cell repopulation after B-cell depletion therapy in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders and MS. The cohort consisted of 45 patients at their first treatment, 42 received rituximab and 3 ocrelizumab, and most were treated with body surface area (BSA)-adapted dosage of medication. (neurology.org)
  • Since small dogs have a greater body surface area to body weight ratio, they 2require a higher dosage per unit of body weight (see chart). (sayyesforever.org)
  • Prescription drug dosage is based typically on body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • In single dosage scenarios, the patient's body weight and the drug's recommended dose per kilogram are used to determine a safe one-time dose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between vitamin D production after UVB and exposed body surface areas with different UVB doses. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Values for body surface area (BSA) are commonly used in medicine, particularly to calculate doses of chemotherapeutic agents and index cardiac output. (nih.gov)
  • Physicians regularly use body surface area to calculate drug doses for their patients. (blogspot.com)
  • Some substances are meant to be taken in small doses over large periods of time to maintain a constant level in the body, while others are meant to have a large impact once and be expelled from the body after its work is done. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Study evaluating the effects of the body surface area(BSA)-adjusted doses of dasatinib on molecular responses and dose-limiting toxicities in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. (springer.com)
  • Pediatric: 6.2 grams/m 2 of body surface area (not to exceed 10 grams per dose) orally every 6 hours for 20 doses, without regard to meals. (drugs.com)
  • For children and infants, the Lund and Browder chart is used to assess the burned body surface area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formula and scale for body surface area estimation in high-risk infants. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • A suitable formula is therefore needed for body surface area (BSA) estimation for high-risk infants to more accurately devise therapeutic regimes in clinical practice. (pragomedia.se)
  • Infants have more fat and water in their bodies. (thebody.com)
  • It is a more accurate estimate of total body fat compared with body weight alone. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Since half or more of the body fat is subcutaneous, measurement of skinfold thickness has been used frequently to estimate fat and its distribution. (nap.edu)
  • To address it, scientists in the early 1900s took measurements via melted paraffin and paper strips applied to their body. (sayyesforever.org)
  • Computations are based of the acceleration of gravity on the earth's surface, atmospheric drag is neglected. (filetransit.com)
  • The front and back of the head and neck are 21% of the body's surface area. (sayyesforever.org)
  • The front and back of each arm and hand are 10% of the body's surface area. (sayyesforever.org)
  • The groin area equals 1% of the body's surface area. (sayyesforever.org)
  • The chest and stomach are 13% of the body's surface area. (sayyesforever.org)
  • the force with which a body at rest in a gravitational field acts on a suspension or horizontal support that obstructs the body's free fall. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • You should consult your baby's doctor if the navel area becomes red or if a foul odor or discharge develops. (pragomedia.se)
  • The baby's navel area shouldn't be submerged in water during bathing until this occurs. (pragomedia.se)
  • A baby's body area is measured differently than an adult because its head and torso have more skin area than their appendages. (aapc.com)
  • In physiology and medicine, the body surface area (BSA) is the measured or calculated surface area of a human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Burns' total body surface area is calculated by Lund & Browder Chart, Wallace Rule of Nines, Palm Method - 2020 update. (sayyesforever.org)
  • The Lund and Browder chart is a tool useful in the management of burns for estimating the total body surface area affected. (sayyesforever.org)
  • Burns are categorized by percentage of body area. (aapc.com)
  • Our body surface area calculator determines your body surface area (BSA) in square meters, square feet, and square inch. (pragomedia.se)
  • BSA Calculator is a body surface area (BSA) calculator with a simple layout in font that the visually challenged like me can read without squinting. (blogspot.com)
  • This calculator estimates your percentage body fat, your body type and the amount of calories you have to burn to lose 1% of your body fat and it uses U.S Navy's Hodgdon-Beckett formula. (medindia.net)
  • Current treatment guidelines support systemic therapies for GenPs when other treatment options fail, even in patients with lower body surface area (BSA) involvement. (medscape.com)
  • Personal protective equipment for preventing highly infectious diseases due to exposure to contaminated body fluids in healthcare staff. (medscape.com)
  • We sought to evaluate if any ABO group correlates with the clinical outcome (body surface area affected) of the patients studied. (pemphigus.org)
  • Using a unique organization of material, this full-color text is divided into three distinct areas which show you how to first gather clinical data, then formulate assessments, make objective evaluations, identify desired outcomes, design a safe and effective treatment plan, and finally document all steps. (elsevier.com)
  • Body surface area prediction with the commonly used DuBois formula underestimated BSA in obese patients by as much as 3% (male) to 5% (female). (nih.gov)
  • The body surface was calculated from the DuBois and DuBois formula. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • The body surface area (BSA) is the measured surface of a human body. (sayyesforever.org)
  • Body surface area (BSA) is the method that is mostly used in medicine and physiology.BSA medical is the computed or calculated surface area of a human body. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • The total surface area of the human body. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • Estimating human body surface is not trivial. (blogspot.com)
  • Boyd E (1935) The growth of the surface area of the human body. (blogspot.com)
  • Although its underlying concept is a relatively simple one-the measurement of the human body and its parts-anthropometry employs a myriad of methods and instruments, and is useful for a variety of purposes, from understanding the impact of disease on individuals to tracking changes in populations over time. (springer.com)
  • For more than 50 years, the life insurance industry has pointed out that increased body weight is associated with excess mortality. (nap.edu)
  • The Environmental Health Assessment Program's (EHAP's) top priority is to ensure that residents living in the Laureldale Lane area have the best information possible to safeguard their health. (cdc.gov)
  • At steady state (after at least 7 days of posaconazole treatment), 9 plasma samples are collected in these patients to calculate the area under the curve and other relevant PK parameters as maximum and minimal plasma concentrations, volume of distribution, halflife and clearance rate. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Cancer patients are highly variable in their body composition, specifically in the proportion of fat and muscle. (canadiancancertrials.ca)
  • To determine the efficacy of ixekizumab vs. placebo in patients with moderate-to-severe GenPs with ≥ 1% involved body surface area (BSA). (medscape.com)
  • Methods A total of 208 consecutive patients with suspected CHD underwent coronary computed tomography angiography ( CTA )were selected between December 2016 and December 2017 in cardiology department, Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Area Command. (bvsalud.org)
  • The prevalence of RV systolic dysfunction in patients in groups I and II was as follows: fractional area change (0.0% versus 0.6%), mobility of the tricuspid annulus (0.0% versus 0.0%), and S-wave tissue Doppler (6.4% versus 26.0%, p = 0.016). (scielo.br)
  • Half of the patients infected in endemic areas fall in this ICD stage, and although the principal characteristic of these patients is the absence of these abnormalities, morphofunctional cardiac alterations are observed when using other complementary methods such as exercise testing 6 , dynamic electrocardiography 7 , noninvasive autonomic tests 8 , radionuclide ventriculography 9 , and echocardiography 10 . (scielo.br)
  • BMI is calculated by taking the body weight in kilograms (kg) and dividing it by the height in meters (m) squared. (nursingcenter.com)
  • A straight edge is placed so that it connects the patient's height (left column) with his or her weight (right column) crossing the center column at the point indicating the body surface area. (sayyesforever.org)
  • 1992]. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, the body surface area depends on more than just height and weight. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • Du Bois formula: The formula is depends on the product of the weight of individual raised to the power 0.425 and height raised to the power of 0.725 and 0.007184, i:e: C. Optimal Body Surface Area. (pragomedia.se)
  • It is difficult to develop one formula that fits all, simply because we come in a wide range of shapes and sizes and the relationship between body height and body weight changes considerably while we grow up. (blogspot.com)
  • You may use the converter below to convert body height and weight from inches and pounds to centimeters and kilograms, respectively. (blogspot.com)
  • Enter the body height in inches in the inches box and click on the centimeter box. (blogspot.com)
  • It is now clear that two important factors associated with the risk of developing several chronic diseases are total body fat (most often estimated from ratios of body weight to height) and the distribution of that fat on the abdomen and trunk or peripherally on the arms and legs. (nap.edu)
  • is the ratio of actual to standard weight as determined from a table of reference body weights expressed relative to height, frequently as a percentage. (nap.edu)
  • The BMI is more highly correlated with body fat than with other indices of height and weight (Benn, 1971). (nap.edu)
  • To use this nomogram, place a ruler or other straight edge between the body weight in kilograms or pounds (without clothes) located on the left-hand column and the height in centimeters or in inches (without shoes) located on the right-hand column. (nap.edu)
  • I thought in particular the waist to height ratio was significant because IMHO height is a factor when considering waist size (someone 4 foot 11 with a 32 inch waist certainly has a different body composition that someone 5 foot 11 with a 32 inch waist). (3fatchicks.com)
  • Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that body surface area (BSA) and renal volume grow proportionally from birth to adulthood. (hindawi.com)
  • If the second-degree burn covers a large percentage of body area, emergency care may be needed due to the patient's risk of going into shock and need for fluids. (aapc.com)
  • The second formula used to calculate dosages is the body surface area (BSA) method. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • The Parkland formula requires the total burned body surface area which is estimated as a percentage according to the Wallace rule of nines. (elispot.biz)
  • Different percentages are used because the ratio of the combined surface area of the head and neck to the surface area of the limbs is typically larger in children than that of an adult. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example: Average body surface area for adult men: 1.9 m2 Alan R. Fleischman a b M.D. Acta Diabetol. (pragomedia.se)
  • A second-degree burn, even at a lower percentage of skin area, presents a greater risk and requires more emergent care than for an adult with the same type of burn. (aapc.com)
  • Coronary arteries were visualized by using echocardiography, and coronary artery lesions (CALs) were reported as body surface area-adjusted z scores. (aappublications.org)
  • Objective Epicardial fat volume(EFV)is the risk factor of coronary heart disease (CHD)and positive remod-el of coronary artery .This study aimed to investigate the association of the unit surface area Epicardial fat volume(Epicardial fat volume indexed to the body surface area ,EFVi)with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)and vascular remodeling . (bvsalud.org)
  • To determine a CPT® code for burn treatment, the medical record must document the degree of the burn and the percentage of body area affected. (aapc.com)
  • Body Composition and Surface Area The body composition of the fetus changes during gestation with a smaller proportion of body weight composed of water as gestation progresses. (pragomedia.se)
  • This dilemma should also be examined as no human studies are available on the vitamin D production in the skin after UV-radiation showing the frequency and dose necessary for sufficient production of vitamin D. The lowest exposure frequency, the smallest body surface area and the lowest UV dose should therefore be established to be exposed in order to minimize the risk of skin-cancer by unnecessary UV-radiation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Complete (100%) exposure of the total body surface to light is impractical and limited by use of eye masks and diapers. (superskipbins.com.au)
  • Prevalence of occupational exposure to blood and body secretions and its related effective factors among health care workers of three Emergency Departments in Tehran. (medscape.com)
  • Chaiwarith R, Ngamsrikam T, Fupinwong S, Sirisanthana T. Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among healthcare workers in a teaching hospital: an experience from northern Thailand. (medscape.com)
  • Surgical Procedure Characteristics and Risk of Sharps-Related Blood and Body Fluid Exposure. (medscape.com)
  • Through comprehensive phenotyping analysis of the mutant, we identified phenotypic traits that resembled DCM phenotypes in mammals, including cardiac chamber enlargement, reduced ejection fraction characterized by increased end-systolic volume/body weight (ESV/BW), and reduced contractile myofibril activation kinetics. (biologists.org)
  • For example, some medications ordered for a pediatric patient may be based on body surface area (BSA) and strong medications such as chemo agents (anticancer medications). (pragomedia.se)
  • Nanoparticles take advantage of unique characteristics, such as the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect, a large surface-to-volume ratio, extended residence time in circulation, biodegradability, low toxicity, and small size in the range of 10-500 nm, thus conferring sustained and targeted drug delivery ( 9 , 10 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Metabolic rate is usually expressed in terms of unit area of the total body surface (ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55 [1] ). (wikipedia.org)
  • We found that both wild-type and MBL null mice were resistant to a 5% total body surface area burn alone or s.c. infection with P. aeruginosa alone. (jimmunol.org)
  • Obesity refers to an excess of total body fat, which can be assessed by a variety of techniques (see Chapter 6). (nap.edu)
  • BSA measures the total surface area of the body and is used to calculate drug dosages and medical indicators or assessments. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Calculating drug dosages for treatment for more serious diseases like cancer is commonly done through measuring the Body Surface Area of the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each area of the body has a percentage amount assigned, and all the percentage amounts added together equal 100 percent (see Rule of Nines illustrations for percentage breakdown). (aapc.com)
  • Weight is highly affected by the abnormalities in adipose tissue but however, body surface area BSA is usually known to be more effective because it does not depend upon the content or abnormality of adipose tissue in your body. (sayyesforever.org)
  • Body surface area-based omega-3 fatty acids supplementation strongly correlates to blood concentrations in children. (elsevier.com)
  • Browse over 1 million classes created by top students, professors, publishers, and experts, spanning the world's body of "learnable" knowledge. (brainscape.com)
  • Blisters may form on various external and internal mucous membranes of the body including the lining inside of the mouth (stomatitis), nose and genitals. (rarediseases.org)