An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Glucose in blood.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The physical measurements of a body.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
Abstaining from all food.
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The consumption of edible substances.
Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
A glycoprotein migrating as a beta-globulin. Its molecular weight, 52,000 or 95,000-115,000, indicates that it exists as a dimer. The protein binds testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol in the plasma. Sex hormone-binding protein has the same amino acid sequence as ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN. They differ by their sites of synthesis and post-translational oligosaccharide modifications.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.
Minor hemoglobin components of human erythrocytes designated A1a, A1b, and A1c. Hemoglobin A1c is most important since its sugar moiety is glucose covalently bound to the terminal amino acid of the beta chain. Since normal glycohemoglobin concentrations exclude marked blood glucose fluctuations over the preceding three to four weeks, the concentration of glycosylated hemoglobin A is a more reliable index of the blood sugar average over a long period of time.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The first MENSTRUAL CYCLE marked by the initiation of MENSTRUATION.
Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.
Surgical procedures involving the STOMACH and sometimes the lower ESOPHAGUS to correct anatomical defects, or to treat MORBID OBESITY by reducing the size of the stomach. There are several subtypes of bariatric gastroplasty, such as vertical banded gastroplasty, silicone ring vertical gastroplasty, and horizontal banded gastroplasty.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of large biomolecules. Analyte molecules are embedded in an excess matrix of small organic molecules that show a high resonant absorption at the laser wavelength used. The matrix absorbs the laser energy, thus inducing a soft disintegration of the sample-matrix mixture into free (gas phase) matrix and analyte molecules and molecular ions. In general, only molecular ions of the analyte molecules are produced, and almost no fragmentation occurs. This makes the method well suited for molecular weight determinations and mixture analysis.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Comparison of the BLOOD PRESSURE between the BRACHIAL ARTERY and the POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY. It is a predictor of PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
An oxidation product, via XANTHINE OXIDASE, of oxypurines such as XANTHINE and HYPOXANTHINE. It is the final oxidation product of purine catabolism in humans and primates, whereas in most other mammals URATE OXIDASE further oxidizes it to ALLANTOIN.
A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.
A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.

Comparative total mortality in 25 years in Italian and Greek middle aged rural men. (1/19326)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Mortality over 25 years has been low in the Italian and very low in the Greek cohorts of the Seven Countries Study; factors responsible for this particularity were studied in detail. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: 1712 Italian and 1215 Greek men, aged 40-59 years, cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, representing over 95% of the populations in designated rural areas. DESIGN: Entry (1960-61) data included age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), smoking habits, total serum cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, vital capacity (VC), and forced expiratory volume in 3/4 seconds (FEV); the same data were obtained 10 years later. Multivariate Cox analysis was performed with all causes death in 25 years as end point. MAIN RESULTS: Italian men had higher entry levels of SBP, arm circumference, BMI, and VC; Greek men had higher cholesterol levels, smoking habits, and FEV. Mortality of Italian men was higher throughout; at 25 years cumulative mortality was 48.3% and 35.3% respectively. Coronary heart disease and stroke mortality increased fivefold in Italy and 10-fold in Greece between years 10 and 25. The only risk factor with a significantly higher contribution to mortality in Italian men was cholesterol. However, differences in entry SBP (higher in Italy) and FEV (higher in Greece) accounted for, according to the Lee method, 75% of the differential mortality between the two populations. At 10 years increases in SBP, cholesterol, BMI, and decreases in smoking habits, VC, FEV, and arm circumference had occurred (deltas). SBP increased more and FEV and VC decreased more in Italy than in Greece. Deltas, fed stepwise in the original model for the prediction of 10 to 25 years mortality, were significant for SBP, smoking, arm circumference, and VC in Greece, and for SBP and VC in Italy. CONCLUSION: Higher mortality in Italian men is related to stronger positive effects of entry SBP and weaker negative (protective) effects of FEV; in addition 10 year increases in SBP are higher and 10 year decreases in FEV are larger in Italy. Unaccounted factors, however, related to, for example, differences in the diet, may also have contributed to the differential mortality of these two Mediterranean populations.  (+info)

Body mass decrease after initial gain following smoking cessation. (2/19326)

BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is strongly associated with subsequent weight gain, it is not clear whether the initial gain in weight after smoking cessation remains over time. METHOD: Cross-sectional analyses were made, using data from periodic health examinations for workers, on the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the length of smoking cessation. In addition, linear regression coefficients of BMI on the length of cessation were estimated according to alcohol intake and sport activity, to examine the modifying effect of these factors on the weight of former smokers. RESULTS: Means of BMI were 23.1 kg/m2, 23.3 kg/m2, 23.6 kg/m2 for light/medium smokers, heavy smokers and never smokers, respectively. Among former smokers who had smoked > or = 25 cigarettes a day, odds ratio (OR) of BMI >25 kg/m2 were 1.88 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.05-3.35), 1.32 (95% CI : 0.74-2.34), 0.66 (95% CI: 0.33-1.31) for those with 2-4 years, 5-7 years, and 8-10 years of smoking cessation, respectively. The corresponding OR among those who previously consumed <25 cigarettes a day were 1.06 (95% CI: 0.58-1.94), 1.00 (95% CI: 0.58-1.71), and 1.49 (95% CI: 0.95-2.32). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that although heavy smokers may experience large weight gain and weigh more than never smokers in the few years after smoking cessation, they thereafter lose weight to the never smoker level, while light and moderate smokers gain weight up to the never smoker level without any excess after smoking cessation.  (+info)

Pregnancy, body weight and human immunodeficiency virus infection in African women: a prospective cohort study in Kigali (Rwanda), 1992-1994. Pregnancy and HIV Study Group (EGE). (3/19326)

OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and body weight in African women during and after pregnancy. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was initiated at the Centre Hospitalier de Kigali in July 1992. Every woman seen at the antenatal clinic and with a gestational age of <28 weeks was offered HIV-1 antibody testing. Comparable numbers of HIV-infected (HIV+) and uninfected (HIV-) women were recruited. At inclusion, socio-demographic characteristics and self-reported pre-pregnancy weight were recorded; height and weight were measured. Each woman enrolled had a monthly follow-up until 9 months after delivery, with a clinical examination including weighing. Three anthropometric indices were used to answer the study objectives: weight, body mass index (BMI), and pregnancy balance. RESULTS: As of April 1994, 101 HIV+ and 106 HIV- women were followed until 5 months after delivery. Weight and BMI during pregnancy were lower in HIV+ women than in HIV- women. After delivery, weight and BMI gains were significantly lower in HIV+ women. Until 5 months after delivery, the mean weight variation was -2.2 kg (standard deviation [SD] = 5.9 kg) in HIV+ women and +0.2 kg (SD = 6.6 kg) in HIV- women (P = 0.007) in comparison to pre-pregnancy weight. Comparisons of the slopes of the weight curves did not show statistical differences throughout the pregnancy, but it did during the post-partum period (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that HIV infection could impair nutritional status in pregnant women, especially during the post-partum period. Family planning and maternal and child health services including HIV testing and counselling, should consider a nutritional assessment and intervention programme targeted to HIV+ pregnant women.  (+info)

Thiamine deficiency is prevalent in a selected group of urban Indonesian elderly people. (4/19326)

This cross-sectional study involved 204 elderly individuals (93 males and 111 females). Subjects were randomly recruited using a list on which all 60-75 y-old-people living in seven sub-villages in Jakarta were included. The usual food intake was estimated using semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires. Hemoglobin, plasma retinol, vitamin B-12, red blood cell folate and the percentage stimulation of erythrocyte transketolase (ETK), as an indicator of thiamine status, were analyzed. Median energy intake was below the assessed requirement. More than 75% of the subjects had iron and thiamine intakes of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake, and 20.2% of the study population had folate intake of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake. Intakes of vitamins A and B-12 were adequate. Biochemical assessments demonstrated that 36.6% of the subjects had low thiamine levels (ETK stimulation > 25%). The elderly men tended to have lower thiamine levels than the elderly women. The overall prevalence of anemia was 28.9%, and the elderly women were affected more than the elderly men. Low biochemical status of vitamins A, B-12 and RBC folate was found in 5.4%, 8.8 % and 2.9% of the subjects, respectively. Dietary intakes of thiamine and folate were associated with ETK stimulation and plasma vitamin B-12 concentration (r = 0.176, P = 0.012 and r = 0.77, P = 0.001), respectively. Results of this study suggest that anemia, thiamine and possibly vitamin B-12 deficiency are prevalent in the elderly living in Indonesia. Clearly, micronutrient supplementation may be beneficial for the Indonesian elderly population living in underprivileged areas.  (+info)

Natural sporting ability and predisposition to cardiovascular disorders. (5/19326)

We tested the hypothesis that people with a natural ability in 'power sports' (a presumed marker for predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres) might have increased risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) compared to those with a natural ability in 'endurance sports' (as a marker for predominance of type 1, oxidative muscle fibres). We examined subsequent cardiovascular disorders retrospectively in 231 male former soldiers, aged 34-87 years, who had undergone a course in physical training in the Army School of Physical Training, Aldershot, UK, who assessed themselves as having natural ability in either power (n = 107) or endurance (n = 124) sports. The proportion with CHD, defined as angina and/or coronary angioplasty and/or coronary artery bypass graft and/or heart attack was 18.7% in the 'power group' vs. 9.7% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 3.9, p = 0.05). The proportions with CHD and/or risk factors rose to 39.3% in the 'power group' vs. 25.8% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 4.8, p = 0.03). Under logistic regression analysis, compared to the 'endurance group', the 'power group' had 2.2 (95% CI: 1.00-4.63) the risk of developing CHD, and 1.86 (95% confidence interval: 1.06 to 3.25) the risk of developing CHD and/or risk factors. Men with a natural ability in 'power sports' are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disorders, compared to men with a natural ability in 'endurance sports'. A predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres, presumably of genetic origin, may predispose to cardiovascular disorders.  (+info)

Relation between obesity and breast cancer in young women. (6/19326)

This study was conducted to assess the relation between body size and risk of breast cancer among young women. A case-control study was conducted among women aged 21-45 years living in three counties in Washington State. Cases were women born after 1944 with invasive or in situ breast cancer that was diagnosed between January 1, 1983, and April 30, 1990. Controls were selected using random digit dialing and were frequency-matched to cases on the basis of age and county of residence. Interviews took place between 1986 and 1992. Body size was evaluated using indices from several different time periods. After adjustment for confounders, a decreased risk of breast cancer was found for women in the highest quintile of body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)2) as compared with the lowest quintile (for maximum lifetime body mass index, odds ratio = 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.51-0.94). Age modified the relation between body size and risk of breast cancer. The odds ratio for women in the highest quintile of maximum body mass index who were aged 21-35 years was 0.29 (95% CI 0.16-0.55), as compared with an odds ratio of 1.5 for women aged 36-45 years (95% CI 0.9-2.5) (p for interaction = 0.003). This study supports prior research showing a decreased risk of breast cancer associated with increased body size among premenopausal or young women. More detailed analysis in this study found a strong effect that was limited to the youngest age group (< or = 35 years).  (+info)

The Sock Test for evaluating activity limitation in patients with musculoskeletal pain. (7/19326)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Assessment within rehabilitation often must reflect patients' perceived functional problems and provide information on whether these problems are caused by impairments of the musculoskeletal system. Such capabilities were examined in a new functional test, the Sock Test, simulating the activity of putting on a sock. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Intertester reliability was examined in 21 patients. Concurrent validity, responsiveness, and predictive validity were examined in a sample of 337 patients and in subgroups of this sample. RESULTS: Intertester reliability was acceptable. Sock Test scores were related to concurrent reports of activity limitation in dressing activities. Scores also reflected questionnaire-derived reports of problems in a broad range of activities of daily living and pain and were responsive to change over time. Increases in age and body mass index increased the likelihood of Sock Test scores indicating activity limitation. Pretest scores were predictive of perceived difficulties in dressing activities after 1 year. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: Sock Test scores reflect perceived activity limitations and restrictions of the musculoskeletal system.  (+info)

A pilot study on the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise. (8/19326)

To understand the basic characteristics of the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise and to use it to evaluate the effects on health, we designed a measuring method with a miniature accelerometer and carried out preliminary measurements. Vibration was measured on the chest and abdomen of 6 male subjects who were exposed to pure tones in the frequency range of 20 to 50 Hz, where the method we designed was proved to be sensitive enough to detect vibration on the body surface. The level and rate of increase with frequency of the vibration turned out to be higher on the chest than on the abdomen. This difference was considered to be due to the mechanical structure of the human body. It also turned out that the measured noise-induced vibration negatively correlated with the subject's BMI (Body Mass Index), which suggested that the health effects of low frequency noise depended not only on the mechanical structure but also on the physical constitution of the human body.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Patterns of childhood body mass index (BMI), overweight and obesity in South Asian and black participants in the English National child measurement programme. T2 - Effect of applying BMI adjustments standardising for ethnic differences in BMI-body fatness associations. AU - Hudda, M. T.. AU - Nightingale, C. M.. AU - Donin, A. S.. AU - Owen, C. G.. AU - Rudnicka, A. R.. AU - Wells, J. C.K.. AU - Rutter, H.. AU - Cook, D. G.. AU - Whincup, P. H.. PY - 2017/11/2. Y1 - 2017/11/2. N2 - Background:The National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) records weight and height and assesses overweight-obesity patterns in English children using body mass index (BMI), which tends to underestimate body fatness in South Asian children and overestimate body fatness in Black children of presumed African ethnicity. Using BMI adjustments to ensure that adjusted BMI was similarly related to body fatness in South Asian, Black and White children, we reassessed population overweight and obesity patterns ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Indirect effects of elevated body mass index on memory performance through altered cerebral metabolite concentrations. AU - Gonzales, Mitzi M.. AU - Tarumi, Takashi. AU - Eagan, Danielle E.. AU - Tanaka, Hirofumi. AU - Vaghasia, Miral. AU - Haley, Andreana P.. PY - 2012/9/1. Y1 - 2012/9/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE: Elevated body mass index (BMI) at midlife is associated with increased risk of cognitive decline in later life. The goal of the current study was to assess mechanisms of early brain vulnerability by examining if higher BMI at midlife affects current cognitive performance through alterations in cerebral neurochemistry. METHODS: Fifty-five participants, aged 40 to 60 years, underwent neuropsychological testing, health screen, and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy examining N-acetylaspartate, creatine (Cr), myo-inositol (mI), choline, and glutamate concentrations in occipitoparietal gray matter. Concentrations of N-acetylaspartate, choline, mI, and glutamate were calculated as ...
Body Mass Index May Predict Heart Disease Risk For Type-2 Diabetic Patients New Study Finds. By J. Brent Muhlestein, MD. April 25, 2014. Researchers from …. Body Mass Index, Fasting Plasma Glucose Levels, and C-peptide Levels as Predictors of the Future Insulin Use in Japanese Type 2 Diabetic Patients.. Dec 15, 2016 … A great BMI calculator with advanced features for Body Mass Index. … serious health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. How to calculate Body Mass Index. Body Mass Index is a simple calculation using …. Sep 9, 2014 … Effects of Body Mass Index, Abdominal Obesity, and Type 2 Diabetes on Mortality in Community-Dwelling Elderly in Sao Paulo, Brazil: Analysis …. aimed at investigating the effect of Body Mass Index on serum lipid profile in type II diabetic patients. The study was descriptive cross sectional in design.. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the hormone insulin is not used ...
Body Mass Index (BMI) or Quetelet index plays an important role in figure out your weight, health and lifestyle choices. Body mass index is developed by Adolphe Quetelet in the 1900s for evaluating body mass. Body mass index is not related to gender or age. BMI values are the same for men and women of all body types and ages.In BMI formulas simply put your weight and height and calculate your BMI value. There are three sets of values used to determine body mass.If your BMI weight status is below then 18.5 than youre in the category of underweight people. There are certain risks of being underweight such as slow wound healing, slow recovery from illness, high blood pressure and lack of period or fertility in females. If youve BMI score less than 18.5 or in between 18.5 - 20 then you required a more nutritional intake that helps you to gain weight and build strong immunity system in the body. You can try Accumass weight gain granules and Ayurvedic medicine to increase your BMI value.
Washington, DC, February 7, 2012 - The Trust for Americas Health (TFAH) has released a new report, Bending the Obesity Cost Curve, which finds that reducing the average body mass index by just five percent in the United States could lead to more than $29 billion in health care savings in just five years, due to reduced obesity-related costs. The analysis found that the country could save $158.1 billion in 10 years and $611.7 billion in 20 years.. Prevention is the key to halting the obesity epidemic, lowering health care costs and creating a long-term path to a healthier and economically sound America, said Jeff Levi, PhD, Executive Director of TFAH, who also serves as Chair of the Advisory Group on Prevention, Health Promotion, and Integrative and Public Health. The Prevention and Public Health Fund is now providing resources to support the kind of evidence-based strategies that can achieve this five percent reduction in average BMI, which makes the Fund a critical component of our efforts ...
Obesity is associated with breast white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammation, elevated levels of the estrogen biosynthetic enzyme, aromatase, and systemic changes that have been linked to the pathogenesis of breast cancer. Here, we determined whether metabolic obesity, including changes in breast biology and systemic effects, occurs in a subset of women with normal body mass index (BMI). Breast WAT and fasting blood were collected from 72 women with normal BMI (,25 kg/m2) undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer risk reduction or treatment. WAT inflammation was defined by the presence of crown-like structures of the breast (CLS-B) which are composed of dead or dying adipocytes surrounded by macrophages. Severity of inflammation was measured as CLS-B/cm2. The primary objective was to determine whether breast WAT inflammation is associated with aromatase expression and activity. Secondary objectives included assessment of circulating factors and breast adipocyte size. Breast WAT inflammation was ...
Many modifiable risk factors in early infancy have been shown to be associated with childhood overweight and obesity. These risk factors have not been studied within children of South Asian origin in the UK. The aims of this paper are to describe differences in the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity between children of White British and Pakistani origin and investigate the association between these risk factors and childhood BMI measured at age 3 years. We used data from a sub-study of the Born in Bradford birth cohort with detailed follow-up visits throughout early childhood. 987 participants with a BMI measurement at age 3 were included; 39% were White British, 48% were of Pakistani origin and 13% were of other ethnicities. Linear and Poisson regression models were used to assess the association between risk factors and two outcomes at age 3; BMI z-scores and child overweight. Compared to Pakistani mothers, White British mothers were more likely to smoke during pregnancy, have
TY - JOUR. T1 - A dose-response meta-analysis of the impact of body mass index on stroke and all-cause mortality in stroke patients. T2 - a paradox within a paradox. AU - Bagheri, M.. AU - Speakman, J. R.. AU - Shabbidar, S.. AU - Kazemi, F.. AU - Djafarian, K.. N1 - Acknowledgements We thank Dr. Nicola Orsini for helping us with the statistical analysis. This study was supported by Tehran University of Medical Sciences.. PY - 2015/5. Y1 - 2015/5. N2 - The obesity paradox is often attributed to fat acting as a buffer to protect individuals in fragile metabolic states. If this was the case, one would predict that the reverse epidemiology would be apparent across all causes of mortality including that of the particular disease state. We performed a dose-response meta-analysis to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on all-cause and stroke-specific mortality among stroke patients. Data from relevant studies were identified by systematically searching PubMed, OVID and Scopus databases and were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of body mass index on diabetogenesis factors at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level. AU - Lin, Jiunn Diann. AU - Hsu, Chun Hsien. AU - Wu, Chung Ze. AU - Hsieh, An-Tsz. AU - Hsieh, Chang Hsun. AU - Liang, Yao Jen. AU - Chen, Yen Lin. AU - Pei, Dee. AU - Chang, Jin Biou. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - Aim The present study evaluated the relative influence of body mass index (BMI) on insulin resistance (IR), first-phase insulin secretion (FPIS), second-phase insulin secretion (SPIS), and glucose effectiveness (GE) at a fixed fasting plasma glucose level in an older ethnic Chinese population. Methods In total, 265 individuals aged 60 years with a fasting plasma glucose level of 5.56 mmol/L were enrolled. Participants had BMIs of 20.0-34.2 kg/m2. IR, FPIS, SPIS, and GE were estimated using our previously developed equations. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to assess the correlations between the four diabetogenesis factors and BMI. A general linear model was ...
What is body mass index and how is it measured? Body mass index is one important measurement to determine if someone is overweight, underweight, or at a healthy weight. If someones height and weight are known, then body mass index can be measured. There is a simple body mass index formula which is discussed in this article as well as many other body mass index facts.
Do you often worry about your childs weight? Do you think that your child is either too fat or too thin? If you do, you need to know your childs Body Mass Index or BMI, so you would determine whether your childs weight is right for his or her age and height.. The Body Mass Index for kids is also known as BMI-for-age because it is age and gender specific. This index is calculated from ages two to 20 years old. There is a separate chart for boys and girls because each gender has different body fat content, as they grow older.. There are many ways on how you can determine if your child is obese or overweight. But the fastest way of figuring whether your child is healthy or not is through the help of body mass index. In calculating your childs BMI, you need to determine your childs weight in kilograms and his or her height in meter Age calculator .. When you have this data, you may now start calculating using the BMI formula. First you need to multiply the height per meter by itself. Using this ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impact of pretransplant body mass index on the clinical outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT. AU - Fuji, S.. AU - Takano, K.. AU - Mori, T.. AU - Eto, T.. AU - Taniguchi, S.. AU - Ohashi, K.. AU - Sakamaki, H.. AU - Morishima, Y.. AU - Kato, K.. AU - Miyamura, K.. AU - Suzuki, R.. AU - Fukuda, T.. PY - 2014/12/11. Y1 - 2014/12/11. N2 - To elucidate the impact of pretransplant body mass index (BMI) on the clinical outcome, we performed a retrospective study with registry data including a total of 12 050 patients (age ≥18 years) who received allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) between 2000 and 2010. Patients were stratified as follows: BMI,18.5 kg/m 2, Underweight, n=1791; 18.5≤BMI,25, Normal, n=8444; 25≤BMI,30, Overweight, n=1591; BMI≥30, Obese, n=224. The median age was 45 years (range, 18-77). A multivariate analysis showed that the risk of relapse was significantly higher in the underweight group and lower in the overweight and obese groups compared with the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Joint effect of physical activity and body mass index on mortality for acute myocardial infarction in the elderly. T2 - Role of preinfarction angina as equivalent of ischemic preconditioning. AU - Abete, Pasquale. AU - Cacciatore, Francesco. AU - Della Morte, David. AU - Mazzella, Francesca. AU - Testa, Gianluca. AU - Galizia, Gianluigi. AU - De Santis, Domenico. AU - Longobardi, Giancarlo. AU - Ferrara, Nicola. AU - Rengo, Franco. PY - 2009/2/1. Y1 - 2009/2/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: Preinfarction angina (PrA), clinical equivalent of ischemic preconditioning, confers protection against in-hospital mortality for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in adult but not in elderly patients. This study aims to examine the interaction between physical activity and body mass index (BMI) in preserving the cardioprotective effect of PrA in elderly patients with AMI. DESIGN: Elderly patients (≥65 years old) with AMI admitted to Coronary Care Unit. METHODS: Elderly patients with AMI were ...
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OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how a wide spectrum of body mass index (BMI) values at ages 7 to 13 years are associated with type 2 diabetes throughout adulthood, including potential modifying effects of sex and birth weight.. METHODS: From the Copenhagen School Health Records Register, 292,827 individuals, born between 1930 and 1989, were followed in national registers for type 2 diabetes (women, n = 7,472; men, n = 11,548). Heights and weights were measured at ages 7 to 13 years.. RESULTS: Below-average BMIs, with few exceptions, were not associated with type 2 diabetes. Above-average BMIs had positive associations that were stronger in women than men, stronger in younger birth cohorts, and weaker with older age at diagnosis. Women born 1930-1947, 1948-1965, and 1966-1983 with above-average BMIs at 13 years (≥18.2 kg/m(2) ) had hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) ranging from 2.12 (1.91-2.36) to 2.84 (2.31-3.49) per z score when diagnosed at 30 to 47 years. Birth weight did not ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Does Low Body Mass Index Predict the Hospital Mortality of Adult Western or Asian Patients?. AU - Compher, Charlene. AU - Higashiguchi, Takashi. AU - Yu, Jianchun. AU - Jensen, Gordon L.. PY - 2018/2/1. Y1 - 2018/2/1. N2 - Background: Some strategies for screening and assessment of malnutrition include a low but variable body mass index (BMI) cutoff, while others do not. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate published data for Western and Asian hospital samples to determine how the prevalence of low BMI is associated with increased hospital mortality. Method: A PubMed search of the past 10 years (2006-2016) was conducted with the terms BMI, malnutrition, adult, outcome, and hospital or ICU for articles published in English. Studies that examined BMI levels among Western or Asian populations were included. Forest plots were constructed to determine the odds of hospital mortality in low versus normal BMI groups. Results: Twenty studies met inclusion ...
The body mass index otherwise known as BMI, is a simple calculation using a persons height and weight. The result typically in the range of 15 to 60 is known as the BMI or body mass index score. Most health organizations put a healthy BMI score between 18.5 and 25.0. Some people refer to this as a normal BMI.. Because it measures excess weight and not actually excess fat, BMI is considered a surrogate measure of body fat. However, studies show strong correlations between BMI measurements and the results of more direct body fat measures. If you are concerned about your weight or body size, calculating your body mass index is a good place to start before heading to the doctors office. BMI can predict future weight-related issues including disease and even death, so it is a very helpful tool in screening for health risks and obesity.. Individuals with a body mass index under 18.5 are considered underweight. A BMI this low can indicate an undernourished individual. Your body needs meat on your ...
Definition of body mass index in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is body mass index? Meaning of body mass index as a finance term. What does body mass index mean in finance?
The high prevalence of disease and associated weight loss at older ages limits the validity of prospective cohort studies examining the association between body mass index (BMI) and mortality. I examined mortality associated with excess weight using maximum BMI-a measure that is robust to confounding by illness-induced weight loss. Analyses were carried out on US never-smoking adults ages 50-84 using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1988-1994 and 1999-2004) linked to the National Death Index through 2006. Cox models were used to estimate hazard ratios for mortality according to BMI at time of survey and at maximum. Using maximum BMI, hazard ratios for overweight (BMI, 25.0-29.9 kg/m2), obese class 1 (BMI, 30.0-34.9 kg/m2) and obese class 2 (BMI, 35.0 kg/m2 and above) relative to normal weight (BMI, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) were 1.28 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.89-1.84), 1.67 (95% CI, 1.15-2.40), and 2.15 (95% CI, 1.47-3.14), respectively. The corresponding hazard ratios
Subjects The parents of the subjects selected for the sample of the second growth and development study (Berdasco et al., 1991) were the subjects of this survey. After cleaning the data, the total number of adults was 31 662, of whom 11912 were males and 19 750 were females. This difference in the numbers was probably due to the better attendance of mothers for their appointments. Field work The adults attended the measuring centres where they were weighed, and had their height, upper arm circumference, triceps and subscapular fat-folds measured. The survey was undertaken by eight measuring teams (two anthropometrists each) working simultaneously from May to December 1982. Individuals living in the countrys 14 provinces were measured. In order to assure the best possible quality in the primary data, anthropometrists were trained in the same measuring procedures utilized in the first national growth and development study (Jordan, 1979), namely, those recommended by UN International Biological ...
Background: The elderly is an age group that is susceptible to nutritional problems, especially protein intake which tends to be less intake, so it affects the body mass index. Both of these problems directly or indirectly will also affect the quality of life of the elderly. This study aimed to determine the correlation between body mass index, protein intake and quality of life in the elderly.Methods: In a cross-sectional design, a sample of 165 elderlies aged≥60 years were enrolled and randomized from three community health centers of Karanganyar Regency. The body mass index (BMI), height, weight, protein intake data were obtained through interviews using 24-hour recall form. The quality of life data was prepared through interviews using the WQOOL-BREF questionnaire.Results: There was a significant correlation between protein intake and quality of life; however, there was no correlation between body mass index and the quality of life.Conclusion: Protein intake was shown to have a significant
BMI Calculator Body mass index Posted by bmt in Health & Fitness , July 7, 2014 , 0 Comments. Apk file size: 0 bytes. What is BMI? how to calculator BMI ? - Body mass index - commonly known under the acronym BMI Body Mass Index English name - was used to assess the level of a skinny or fat. - Body mass index calculated by a persons weight (kg) divided by height (measured in meters or centimeters). It can be calculated by the formula given in the definition or standard tables - This indicator can help determine a person is obese or malnourished patients through data on the shape, height and body weight. ** Application is based on the evaluation boards standard World Health Organization (WHO) and dedicated to Asian (IDI & WPRO) App ** BMI helps you quickly and accurately help you determine the condition of which you can adjust the diet and moderate exercise routine to get a healthy body Please vote 5 * and leave your comments for us to improve the content better and will have more exciting ...
A total of 19 760 (80.0%) children attended childcare before age 6. Childcare prior to age 6 was associated with BMI z-score at 7 years (0.004 units per each additional 6 months of care; 95% CI: 0.001, 0.008; p = 0.01). Childcare in a kindergarten was the only type of care associated with BMI (0.009 units; 95% CI: 0.003, 0.02; p = 0.01). For children of higher socio-occupational status mothers, childcare was associated with a 0.008 unit increase in BMI (95% CI: 0.004, 0.01; p , 0.001). ...
Genome-wide association studies have implicated the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene in type 2 diabetes risk, and more recently, in decreased body mass index. Given the contrary direction of genetic effects on these two traits, it has been suggested that the observed association with body mass index may reflect either selection bias or a complex underlying biology at TCF7L2. Using 9031 Hispanic/Latino adults (21-76 years) with complete weight history and genetic data from the community-based Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL, Baseline 2008-2011), we estimated the multivariable association between the additive number of type 2 diabetes increasing-alleles at TCF7L2 (rs7903146-T) and body mass index. We then used structural equation models to simultaneously model the genetic association on changes in body mass index across the life course and estimate the odds of type 2 diabetes per TCF7L2 risk allele. We observed both significant increases in type 2 diabetes prevalence
Methods and Results-We determined the frequency and results of lipid testing in 301 080 children and adolescents aged 3 to 19 enrolled in 3 large US health systems in 2007 to 2010 before the 2011 guidelines were issued. Overall, 9.8% of the study population was tested for lipids. The proportion tested varied by body mass index percentile (5.9% of normal weight, 10.8% of overweight, and 26.9% of obese children) and age (8.9% of 9- to 11-year olds and 24.3% of 17- to 19-year olds). In normal weight individuals, 2.8% of 9- to 11-year olds and 22.0% of 17- to 19-year olds were tested. In multivariable models, age and body mass index category remained strongly associated with lipid testing. Sex, race, ethnicity, and blood pressure were weakly associated with testing. Abnormal lipid levels were found in 8.6% for total cholesterol, 22.5% for high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, 12.0% for non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, 8.0% for low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and 21% for triglycerides ...
As the use of self-reported data to classify obesity continues, the temporal change in the accuracy of self-report measurement when compared to clinical measurement remains unclear. The objective of this study was to examine temporal trends in misclassification patterns, as well as sensitivity and specificity, of clinically measured versus self-report based body mass index (BMI) from three national lifestyle surveys over a 10-year period. The Surveys of Lifestyle Attitudes and Nutrition (SLÁN) were interview based cross-sectional survey/measurements involving nationally representative samples in 1998, 2002 and 2007. Data from a subsample of both self-reported and measured height and weight were available from 66 men and 142 women in 1998, 147 men and 184 women in 2002 and 909 men and 1128 women in 2007. Respondents were classified into the BMI categories normal (| 25 kg m-2), overweight (25- | 30 kg m-2) and obese (≥ 30 kg m-2). Underreporting of BMI increased across the three surveys (14%→21%→24
Our aim was to examine the degree to which changes in BMI percentile reflect changes in body fat and lean body mass during childhood and how age and gender affe
The online calculator calculates the body mass index - BMI body mass index (BMI) - a value that allows you to assess the degree of correspondence of a persons mass and his height. The calculation of body weight is made in accordance with the so-called body mass index (BMI). How to determine normal body weight? This can be done according to the formula of Adolf Quetelet, used in many countries, which allows you to calculate bodyweight depending on the height of the person.
Body Mass Index Calculator. Body Mass Index (BMI) is one of the most accurate ways to determine when extra pounds translate into health risks. BMI is a measure which takes into account a persons weight and height to gauge total body fat in adults. Someone with a BMI of 26 to 27 is about 20 percent overweight, which is generally believed to carry moderate health risks. A BMI of 30 and higher is considered obese. The higher the BMI, the greater the risk of developing additional health problems.. Heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure are all linked to being overweight. A BMI of 30 and over increases the risk of death from any cause by 50 to 150 percent, according to some estimates. Be sure to consult your doctor or other health professional before beginning any exercise or weight-loss program.. In June 1998, the federal government announced guidelines which create a new definition of a healthy weight -- a BMI of 24 or less. So now a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight. Individuals ...
Article: The impact of body mass index on the associations of lipids with the risk of coronary heart disease in the Asia Pacific ...
Bhattacharya , S , Campbell , D M , Liston , W A & Bhattacharya , S 2007 , Effect of Body Mass Index on pregnancy outcomes in nulliparous women delivering singleton babies BMC Public Health , vol. 7 , 168 . DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-7- ...
The Body Mass Index Percentiles for Girls calculation allows you to evaluate if a patient is at an appropriate weight based on their age, height and weight.
The value of school screening for scoliosis has largely been an appreciation of the high prevalence of small degrees of surface deformity and curvature and the opportunity to study the natural history of these curvatures [1, 2]. Not adequately recognised is the potential, through epidemiological studies of screened subjects, to understand better some factors involved in the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) [3-13]. In this connection, body mass index (BMI) has been evaluated in relation to both AIS [14-23] and the trunk asymmetry (TA) of normal subjects [7, 16, 23-25]. But no attempts have been made to evaluate how BMI may relate to the pathogenesis of the trunk shape distortion of TA as it has recently for girls with AIS [23].. Employing a new approach of comparing skeletal data between subsets of higher and lower body mass index (BMI) in adolescent girls - preoperative with AIS, screened for AIS and normals, BMI was found to be related to skeletal maturation of the trunk, ...
Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator (add to your website or run on ours). Calculate body mass index (BMI), BMI classification and weight range in US or Metric.
Simple body Mass IndexbrThe body mass index BMI or Quetelet index is a heuristic proxy for human body fat based on an individuals weight and height brRequirements Windows Phone 81 Windows Phone 8 Windows Phone 75
Did You Know? The average Americans BMI is 27.8?! Low exercise and poor eating habits are the primary reason BMI numbers in the U.S. are rising. If you fall into the 25 and higher range, do your best to make a change! Go ahead, use this Body Mass Calculator to see your exact BMI and other interesting facts! BMI Calculator provided by calculators.tech BMI or Body Mass Index is not an exact measure of your health but can be used as a guideline for managing a healthy weight according to your height. Body mass index determines whether you are underweight, ideal weight, overweight or obese. A BMI score between 18.5 to 25 is considered as healthy. A BMI score of 18.5 or less means that the person is underweight while that above 25 is an indication of being overweight. People with a BMI score above 30 are considered obese, and should consult a physician as soon as possible ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Secular trends in the association between nativity/length of US residence with body mass index and waist circumference among Mexican-Americans, 1988-2008. AU - Albrecht, Sandra S.. AU - Diez Roux, Ana V.. AU - Aiello, Allison E.. AU - Schulz, Amy J.. AU - Abraido-Lanza, Ana. PY - 2013/1/1. Y1 - 2013/1/1. N2 - Objectives: We investigated whether associations between nativity/length of US residence and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) varied over the past two decades. Methods: Mexican-Americans aged 20-64 years from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994), and NHANES (1999-2008). Sex-stratified multivariable linear regression models further adjusted for age, education, and NHANES period. Results: We found no evidence of secular variation in the nativity/length of US residence gradient for men or women. Foreign-born Mexican-Americans, irrespective of residence length, had lower mean BMI and WC than their US-born counterparts. However among ...
Results highlight adolescent bedtimes as a potential target for weight management: Later bedtimes may lead to an increase in body mass index over time. A new study suggests that going to bed late during the workweek from adolescence to adulthood is associated with an increase in body mass index over time. Results of hierarchal linear models involving a nationally representative sample of more than 3,000 participants show that going to bed during the workweek each additional hour later is associated with an increase in BMI of 2.1 kg/m2. Moreover, surprising to the researchers, the relationship between bedtime and BMI was not significantly changed or moderated by total sleep time, exercise frequency or screen time.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Assortative marriages by body mass index have increased simultaneously with the obesity epidemic. AU - Adeltoft, Teresa Ajslev. AU - Ängquist, Lars Henrik. AU - Silventoinen, Karri. AU - Gamborg, Michael. AU - Allison, David B. AU - Baker, Jennifer L. AU - Sørensen, Thorkild I A. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - Background: The genetic predisposition to obesity may have contributed to the obesity epidemic through assortative mating. We investigated whether spouses were positively assorted by body mass index (BMI; = kg/m(2)) in late childhood, and whether changes in assorted marriage by upper BMI-percentiles occurred during the obesity epidemic. Methods: In the Copenhagen School Health Records Register (CSHRR) boys and girls with measures of BMI at age 13 years later became 37,792 spousal-pairs who married between 1945 and 2010. Trends in the spousal BMI correlations using sex-, age-, and birth cohort-specific BMI z-scores across time were investigated. Odds ratios (ORs) of marriage ...
Vogelezang S, Bradfield JP, Ahluwalia TS, Curtin JA, Lakka TA, Grarup N,Scholz M, van der Most PJ, Monnereau C, Stergiakouli E, Heiskala A, Horikoshi M, Fedko IO, Vilor-Tejedor N, Cousminer DL, Standl M, Wang CA, Viikari J, Geller F,Íñiguez C, Pitkänen N, Chesi A, Bacelis J, Yengo L, Torrent M, Ntalla I, Helgeland Ø, Selzam S, Vonk JM, Zafarmand MH, Heude B, Farooqi IS, Alyass A,Beaumont RN, Have CT, Rzehak P, Bilbao JR, Schnurr TM, Barroso I, Bønne
The major findings in this study were the estimated WC values which were equivalent to BMI values from 20 to 35 kg/m2 for predicting the absolute risks of type 2 diabetes for Aboriginal people. Also of importance is that the absolute type 2 diabetes risk increased as WC increased, ranging from 3.52% (WC=77.5 cm) to 14.14% (WC=119.9 cm) in males and 5.04% (WC=79.5 cm) to 24.25% (WC=113.7 cm) in females. WC of 91.5 and 90.9 cm for males and females, respectively, corresponded with BMI of 25 kg/m2 (overweight threshold), while WC of 105.7 cm in males and 102.3 cm in females corresponded with obesity threshold (BMI=30 kg/m2). Although, on average, females had higher WC compared with males (approximately 3.1 cm mean difference) and the absolute risks tend to be higher in females for each derived WC than in males, the association between WC and type 2 diabetes was not dependent on gender. While there appeared to be widening difference between gender-derived WC at BMI ,30 kg/m2, with greater increase ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Associations of Body Mass Index and Body Fat With Markers of Inflammation and Nutrition Among Patients Receiving Hemodialysis. AU - Delgado, Cynthia. AU - Chertow, Glenn M.. AU - Kaysen, George. AU - Dalrymple, Lorien. AU - Kornak, John. AU - Grimes, Barbara. AU - Johansen, Kirsten L.. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Background: Understanding the extent to which visceral and subcutaneous body fat are associated with markers of nutrition and inflammation in patients on dialysis therapy could shed light on the obesity paradox and the biology of subcutaneous fat. Study Design: Cross-sectional. Setting & Participants: 609 adults receiving hemodialysis who participated in the ACTIVE/ADIPOSE Study. Predictors: Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy-derived estimates of percent body fat. Outcomes: C-Reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), prealbumin, albumin, leptin, and adiponectin concentrations. Measurements: We performed linear ...
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number calculated from a persons weight and height. BMI provides a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people and is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number calculated from a persons weight and height. BMI is a reliable indicator of body fatness for people. BMI does not measure body fat directly, but research has shown that BMI correlates to direct measures of body fat. BMI can be considered an alternative for direct measures of body fat. Additionally, BMI is an inexpensive and easy-to-perform method of screening for weight categories that may lead to health problems. Calculating BMI is one of the best methods for population assessment of overweight and obesity. Because calculation requires only height and weight, it is inexpensive and easy to use for clinicians and for the general public. The use of BMI allows people to compare their own weight status to that of the general population. BMI is ...
Body Mass Index or BMI is a calculation, based upon a persons height and weight. It is used to determine whether someone is underweight, a healthy weight or overweight. There are numerous websites with BMI calculators which enable you to see if you are a healthy weight or not. How do they work? You type in your height, weight and gender or select them from a series of drop down menus. Then click on calculate. You will also be given the option of an imperial or metric calculation.. As soon as you have done so you are shown your body mass index which you can compare with the weight categories as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO). These categories are as follows:. ...
Title: The Impact of Body Mass Index and Type 2 Diabetes on Breast Cancer: Current Therapeutic Measures of Prevention. VOLUME: 4 ISSUE: 4. Author(s):F. Resta, V. Triggiani, C. Sabba, B. Licchelli, S. Ghiyasaldin, A. Liso, F. Schittulli, M. Quaranta, A. Paradiso, E. Tafaro and E. Guastamacchia. Affiliation:Geriatria, Dip. Clinica Medica Immunologia e Malattie Infettive, Policlinico Piazza G. Cesare 11, 70124Bari (Italy).. Keywords:body mass index, diabetes, menopause, breast cancer. Abstract: Epidemiological data have suggested a possible relationship between obesity, diabetes mellitus and cancer risk, particularly breast cancer. We set out to investigate the effect of body mass index and diabetes mellitus on the presence of breast cancer in the Apulian population. We selected 1,663 women affected with primary breast cancer and 4,702 control patients. All patients with breast cancer underwent surgical excision of the tumor and their tumors were histologically confirmed. The prevalence of type 2 ...
Factors which determine the development of atopy and the observed rural-urban gradient in its prevalence are not fully understood. High body mass index (BMI) has been associated with asthma and potentially atopy in industrialized countries. In developing countries, the transition from rural to urban areas has been associated with lifestyle changes and an increased prevalence of high BMI; however, the effect of high BMI on atopy remains unknown in this population. We therefore investigated the association between high BMI and atopy among schoolchildren living in rural and urban areas of Ghana. Data on skin prick testing, anthropometric, parasitological, demographic and lifestyle information for 1,482 schoolchildren aged 6-15 years was collected. Atopy was defined as sensitization to at least one tested allergen whilst the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, Atlanta) growth reference charts were used in defining high BMI as BMI ≥ the 85th percentile. Logistic regression was performed to
Effects of School-Based Interventions on Body Mass Index in Children and Adolescents: a Systematic Overview and Meta-analysis Conference Paper ...
Background: Obesity has been shown to be an indicator of poor prognosis for patients with primary breast cancer (BC) regardless of the use of adjuvant systemic therapy. Patients and methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 2,887 node-positive BC patients enrolled in the BIG 02-98 adjuvant study, a randomised phase III trial whose primary objective was to evaluate disease-free survival (DFS) by adding docetaxel to doxorubicin-based chemotherapy. In the current analysis, the effect of body mass index (BMI) on DFS and overall survival (OS) was assessed. BMI was obtained before the first cycle of chemotherapy. Obesity was defined as a BMI a parts per thousand yen 30 kg/mA(2). Results: In total, 547 (19%) patients were obese at baseline, while 2,340 (81%) patients were non-obese. Estimated 5-year OS was 87.5% for non-obese and 82.9% for obese patients (HR 1.34; P = 0.013). Estimated 5-years DFS was 75.9% for non-obese and 70.0% for obese patients (HR 1.20; P = 0.041). In a multivariate model, ...
This portfolio is an investigation into how the median Body Mass Index of a girl will change as she ages. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a comparison between a persons height (in meters) and weight (in kilograms) in order to determine whether one is overwei...
Math 30 IB Standard Level Body Mass Index Portfolio Assignment Words May 4th, 11 Pages This portfolio is an investigation into how the median Body Mass Index of a girl will change as she ages.
... body mass index; presence or absence of diabetes mellitus; ability to function according to the NYHA scale; percentage of ...
Body mass index for adults. [www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/body-mass-index-bmi-for-adults] "Gastric Bypass Surgery Roux En-Y". ... the body mass index (BMI). The BMI is defined as the body weight (in kilograms), divided by the square of the height (in meters ... The operation is prescribed to treat morbid obesity (defined as a body mass index greater than 40), type 2 diabetes, ... A growing body of evidence suggests that profound changes in body weight and metabolism resulting from RYGB cannot be explained ...
There are two differences, however: the IDF definition states that if body mass index (BMI) is greater than 30 kg/m2, central ... or body mass index > 30 kg/m2 Microalbuminuria: urinary albumin excretion ratio ≥ 20 µg/min or albumin:creatinine ratio ≥ 30 mg ... Jean Vague, in 1947, observed that upper body obesity appeared to predispose to diabetes, atherosclerosis, gout and calculi. ... "Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn Study". The American ...
At the time of her death she had a body mass index (BMI) of just 14.5. She weighed 44 kg (96.8 lbs) at a height of 1.75 m (5 ft ... "Global Database on Body Mass Index". World Health Organization. Retrieved 13 November 2012. "Italian fashion designers ban size ...
Young was listed at 6 feet 5 inches (1.96 m) and 372 pounds (169 kg), giving him a Body Mass Index of 38.2 (over 30 is ... "BMI Classification". Global Database on Body Mass Index. World Health Organization. 2006. Retrieved July 27, 2012. Clair, ...
The Body Mass Index is used to decipher an individuals excess body weight but not their excess body fat. In this way the ... Body Mass Index (BMI) is a common and useful measurement of body fat that helps individuals understand the difference between ... Individuals who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) that is equal to or greater than 25 kg/m2 are also said to have an increased ... The system can be used to calculate a persons Body Mass Index (BMI) by dividing their weight (in kilograms) by the square of ...
Body mass index (BMI) greater than 40. One spouse must have stable employment. The family's annual income must be $10,000 per ...
There is evidence that vegetarians tend to have a lower body mass index, lower risk of obesity, lower blood cholesterol levels ... Vegetarians generally have a lower body mass index. These characteristics and other lifestyle factors associated with a ... Tonstad, S.; Butler, T.; Yan, R.; Fraser, G. E. (2009). "Type of Vegetarian Diet, Body Weight, and Prevalence of Type 2 ...
A health app for calculating the body mass index. Available on Symbian and Nokia Asha and S40 phones. Derivatives and Integrals ...
If details about the patient's body mass index (size); core temp, Systolic, diastolic, central venous pressure CVP (measured ... Justification for its continued use rests on a large body of clinical experience, disadvantages of other cardiac output ... in order to maximize oxygen for delivery to the body tissues. The ability to record results is not a guarantee of patient ... the mixed venous oxygen saturation is an accurate parameter of total body blood flow and therefore cardiac output. The ...
At the time of his death, he weighed 798 lb (362 kg; 57.0 st) with a Body Mass Index of 105.3. Obesity "Jon Brower Minnoch - ... Robert Schwartz that over 900 lbs (408 kg) of his overall body mass was retained fluid. Transportation for Minnoch was ... "Human Body/Extreme Bodies/Heaviest Man". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 2006-09-03. Retrieved 2008-10-28 ... "Human Body/Extreme Bodies/Greatest Weight Loss". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 2006-09-01. Retrieved ...
Higher body mass index is correlated with earlier puberty. See American and British English spelling differences. Gynecology is ... A mass in the inguinal area may be a hernia or may be a testis in an intersex child. The vaginal mucosa in prepubertal children ... An abnormal mass in a child's developing breast or early development of breast tissue may prompt concern. Neonates can have ... In older children, cystic ovarian masses may cause a visible change in body shape, chronic pain, and precocious puberty; ...
In fact, her body mass index was 16.29 (BMIs ... Kirsten continued to travel and speak on body-image issues and ...
Childhood obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) at or above the 96th percentile for children of the same age and sex. ... There is an association between the amount of time a mother works and her child's body mass index (BMI). There is evidence that ... and children's body mass index". Child Dev. 82: 66-81. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01541.x. PMC 3070422 . PMID 21291429. ... "Self regulation skills in toddlers were associated with body mass index development and pediatric obesity eight years later. ...
Body Mass Index (BMI) Now Available for Parents". Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Disclosure of Interscholastic ...
Subjects defined as TOFI with body mass index (BMI) ...
List of countries by Body Mass Index (BMI) Downsize Me! "Obesity - Social Report 2008". Ministry of Social Development. 1 June ...
Body Mass Index (BMI): proxy for true body fat percentage; years of education and/or GPA: proxy for cognitive ability; ...
"DNA methylation and body-mass index: a genome-wide analysis". Lancet. 383 (9933): 1990-1998. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62674-4 ... Maynard MA, Evans AJ, Hosomi T, Hara S, Jewett MA, Ohh M (2006). "Human HIF-3alpha4 is a dominant-negative regulator of HIF-1 ... Maynard MA, Qi H, Chung J, Lee EH, Kondo Y, Hara S, Conaway RC, Conaway JW, Ohh M (2003). "Multiple splice variants of the ...
... body mass index > 25) History of gestational diabetes or infant born with birth weight greater than 9 lb (4 kg) High risk ... Body Mass Index) result Family history of diabetes Cardiovascular disease Increased triglycerides levels Low levels of good ... The ADA guidelines recommend modest weight loss (5-10% body weight), moderate-intensity exercise (30 minutes daily), and ... uptake and utilization of glucose by the peripheral tissues of the body, and insulin secretion by the pancreatic beta islet ...
"Body Mass Index and the Risk of Stroke in Men". Beydoun, MA; Beydoun, HA; Wang, Y (May 2008). "Obesity and central obesity as ... They contend that some people are naturally a larger body type, and that in some cases losing a large amount of weight could in ... She does, however, note that it is possible to have healthy behaviours that provide health benefits at a wide variety of body ... This may reflect the loss of subcutaneous fat and beneficial mass from organs and muscle in addition to visceral fat when there ...
According to body mass index's criteria, no patient was emaciated. Schenck and Mahowald said, "virtually all patients had ... accurate non-distorted appraisals of their body size, shape, and weight. Furthermore, unlike the patients in Stunkard's series ...
Increasing the average body mass index from what is now considered underweight to what is now the normal range played a ... It is defined by body mass index (BMI) and further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the waist-hip ratio and total ... NHLBI p.xiv Gray DS, Fujioka K (1991). "Use of relative weight and Body Mass Index for the determination of adiposity". J Clin ... "Body-mass index and all-cause mortality: individual-participant-data meta-analysis of 239 prospective studies in four ...
It further postulates that normal to low body mass index or normal values of cholesterol may be detrimental and associated with ... Prospective Studies Collaboration (2009). "Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in 900 000 adults: collaborative ... those with a body mass index between 30.0-34.9 had lower mortality than those with what would normally be considered an ideal ... "Body mass index and mortality in heart failure: A meta-analysis". American Heart Journal. 156 (1): 13-22. doi:10.1016/j.ahj. ...
... and body mass index in adulthood". International Journal of Obesity. 34 (9): 1442-1445. doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.72. Shakory, ... with one study demonstrating a relationship with higher body mass index and another demonstrating a higher risk for metabolic ... There is a substantial body of literature that supports an association between adult insecure attachment and a wide variety of ...
Stets, K.; Koehler, S.; Bronson, W.; Bronson, M. (June 2010). "Weight and Body Mass Index Change after Total Joint Arthroplasty ... in orthopedic surgery at Lenox Hill Hospital and in pediatric orthopedics at Children's Hospital Boston in Massachusetts. He ...
"Mean Body Mass Index trends (kg/m2), ages 18+, 2010-2014". World Health Organisation. Retrieved 25 February 2016. Rosenthal, ... Source: Forbes.com List of countries by Body Mass Index (BMI) "Prevalence of obesity, ages 18+, 2010-2014". World Health ... were clinically obese with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater. The data showed the incidence of obesity in French women ...
Melnik, BC; John, SM; Plewig, G (November 2013). "Acne: risk indicator for increased body mass index and insulin resistance". ... Although research suggests that even low levels of lead in the body may be harmful to children, it is unlikely that chocolate ... The effect of chocolate on body weight is unclear. A concern is that excessive consumption of chocolate may promote high ... According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, approximately 1.3 grams of baker's chocolate per kilogram of a dog's body weight ( ...
Conversely, low CFC has been shown to be associated with higher Body Mass Index. Considering the future implications of one's ... Adams, J., & White, M. (2009). Time perspective in socioeconomic inequalities in smoking and body mass index. Health Psychology ... Adams, J., & Nettle, D. (2009). Time perspective, personality and smoking, body mass, and physical activity: An empirical study ...
Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-01197-2.. External links[edit]. Wikimedia Commons has media related to ... There is a large body of literature regarding how different currents interact with geometric properties of neurons.[21] ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Computational_neuroscience&oldid=872350151" ... Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-19291-8.. *^ Bower, James M. (2013). 20 years of Computational neuroscience. Berlin, ...
Carmichael SL, Ma C, Rasmussen SA, Honein MA, Lammer EJ, Shaw GM (February 2008). "Craniosynostosis and maternal smoking". ... Syndromal craniosynostosis presents with a skull deformity as well as deformities affecting other parts of the body.[42] ... however it is generally agreed upon that the cephalic index should be used to assess the efficacy of the preferred surgical ... Jentink J, Loane MA, Dolk H, Barisic I, Garne E, Morris JK, de Jong-van den Berg LT (June 2010). "Valproic acid monotherapy in ...
Amherst, Mass.: University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1-55849-181-3. *. Stassinos, Elizabeth (1997). "Marriage as Mystery ... In their bodies is the record of their brotherhood." The Chrysanthemum and the SwordEdit. Main article: The Chrysanthemum and ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ruth_Benedict&oldid=857618180" ...
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baytown,_Texas&oldid=971660930" ... Bodies of water. *Buffalo Bayou. *Galveston Bay. *Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. *Houston Ship Channel ...
Also, patients who are morbidly obese (body mass index >40 kg/m2) are significantly less likely to have success from this ...
Detection in body fluidsEdit. Levomethamphetamine can register on urine drug screens as either methamphetamine, amphetamine, or ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Levomethamphetamine&oldid=982366002" ... Molar mass. 149.23 g·mol−1. 3D model (JSmol). *Interactive image. SMILES ...
The body mass index cutoffs for when surgery is appropriate are not yet clear.[122] It is recommended that this option be ... defined by a body mass index of greater than 25), lack of physical activity, poor diet, stress, and urbanization.[10][32] ... "In Feinglos MN, Bethel MA (eds.). Type 2 diabetes mellitus: an evidence-based approach to practical management. Contemporary ... In the early stages of insulin resistance, the mass of beta cells expands, increasing the output of insulin to compensate for ...
Despite this, unions were formed and began to acquire political power, eventually resulting in a body of labour law that not ... Labour union demonstrators held at bay by soldiers during the 1912 Lawrence textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trade_union&oldid=970982502" ...
Fungi digest organic matter outside their bodies as opposed to animals that digest their food inside their bodies. For humans, ... Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. pp. 412-426.. *^ Funai, M.D., Edmund. "Ghrelin, Hormone That Stimulates Appetite, Found To Be Higher ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eating&oldid=859804001" ... the body starts to produce the feeling of hunger. The body also stimulates eating by detecting a drop in cellular lipid levels ...
In other words, the mass of any one element at the beginning of a reaction will equal the mass of that element at the end of ... To maintain their bodies, grow, develop, and to reproduce, autotrophs produce organic matter from inorganic substances, ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Food_web&oldid=867565654" ... The Law of Conservation of Mass dates from Antoine Lavoisier's 1789 discovery that mass is neither created nor destroyed in ...
The entire student body is referred to as the Regiment of Midshipmen[1] and is subdivided into three battalions and six ... In that year, the USTS Nantucket (ex-USS Ranger) was transferred from the Massachusetts Maritime Academy to Kings Point and ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=United_States_Merchant_Marine_Academy&oldid=926417997" ...
Alterations in body shape (lipodystrophy), colloquially known as "Crix belly"[6]. *Increased levels of Bilirubin,[7] causing ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indinavir&oldid=976989770" ... Molar mass. 613.803 g·mol−1. 3D model (JSmol). *Interactive image. SMILES ...
"The dismembered body of a Metropolitan State... " Boston Globe Aug 12, 1980 ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Metropolitan_State_Hospital_(Massachusetts)&oldid=863414432" ... Historic districts in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. *National Register of Historic Places in Middlesex County, Massachusetts ... Massachusetts. Founded in 1927, it was at one time the largest and most modern facility of its type in Massachusetts.[2] It was ...
Mind-body interventions: Explore the interconnection between the mind, body, and spirit, under the premise that they affect " ... Breeher L, Mikulski MA, Czeczok T, Leinenkugel K, Fuortes LJ (6 Apr 2015). "A cluster of lead poisoning among consumers of ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alternative_medicine&oldid=969126158#Integrative_medicine" ... Manipulative and body-based practices: feature manipulation or movement of body parts, such as is done in bodywork, ...
... and body mass.[15] All of these phenotypes are complicated by a great deal of give-and-take between genes and environmental ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quantitative_trait_locus&oldid=946828769#Quantitative_traits" ... For early geneticists, it was not immediately clear that the smooth variation in traits like body size (i.e., Incomplete ... to obtain livestock or plants with favorable features from populations that show quantitative variation in traits like body ...
How something of such a large molecular mass could be consistently found, regardless of where it was sampled from in the body, ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Centrifugation&oldid=864395458" ... Centrifugation is the most common method used for uranium enrichment, relying on the slight mass difference between atoms of ... The same molecular mass was determined, and the presence of a spreading boundary suggested that it was a single compact ...
If the main mass of hair is initially parted into two or more sections along the scalp that are kept separate from one another ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=French_braid&oldid=880571296" ...
"Body and Earth Are Not Two': Kawaguchi Yoshikazu's NATURAL FARMING and American Agriculture Writers". ResearchGate. Retrieved ... Biological decomposition accelerates and the microbiota mass increases at the expense of other organic matter, adversely ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Natural_farming&oldid=964078287" ...
... given the nature of the mass grave and DC-Cam's methods, which are more likely to produce an under-count of bodies rather than ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pol_Pot&oldid=971443242" ... On 15 April 1998, Pol Pot died in his sleep, apparently of heart failure.[398] His body was preserved with ice and formaldehyde ... These mass killings, coupled with malnutrition and poor medical care, killed between 1.5 and 2 million people, approximately a ...
... their total brain-to-body mass ratio is equal to most great apes and cetaceans.[42] A 2004 review suggests that the ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eurasian_magpie&oldid=887983124" ... Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. pp. 250-254.. *^ Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturæ per regna tria ... Their body feathers start to appear after around 8 days and the primary wing feathers after 10 days.[35] For several days ...
... of slightly increasing Democratic representation in legislative bodies, but would also give Utah an additional, probably ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2000_United_States_Census&oldid=900463735" ... Massachusetts 6,016,425 6,349,097 332,672 5.5% 14 Indiana 5,544,159 6,080,485 536,326 9.7% 15 Washington 4,866,692 5,894,121 ...
From elite to mass education." As the World Turns: Implications of Global Shifts in Higher Education for Theory, Research and ... This model incorporates a strict hierarchy of authority and a considerable degree of autonomy for its governing bodies. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Higher_education_in_Poland&oldid=883474872" ... The senate and the faculty council are entirely advisory bodies which confer the academic degrees. Private institutions can ...
Li G, Liang Z, Wang X, Yang Y, Shao Z, Li M, Ma Y, Qu F, Morrison DA, Zhang JR (2016). "Addiction of Hypertransformable ... After S. pneumoniae colonizes the air sacs of the lungs, the body responds by stimulating the inflammatory response, causing ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Streptococcus_pneumoniae&oldid=884305167" ... is generally made based on clinical suspicion along with a positive culture from a sample from virtually any place in the body ...
Similarly, the graphs মা [ma], মী [mi], মু [mu], মূ [mu], মৃ [mri], মে [me~mæ], মৈ [moj], মো [mo] and মৌ [mow] represent the ... Wickramasinghe, Nira (2003). Dressing the Colonised Body: Politics, Clothing, and Identity in Sri Lanka. Orient Longman. p. 26 ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengali_language&oldid=813962099" ... Ray, P; Hai, MA; Ray, L (1966). "Bengali language handbook". Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington. ASIN B000B9G89C.. ...
Donets, E. D.; Shchegolev, V. A.; Ermakov, V. A. (1965). "Synthesis of the isotope of element 103 (lawrencium) with mass number ... There is normally as little as 0.5 milligrams found within the entire human body; human breast milk contains 4 ppm.[82] Yttrium ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Group_3_element&oldid=914513434" ... Donets, E. D.; Shchegolev, V. A.; Ermakov, V. A. (1965). "Synthesis of the isotope of element 103 (lawrencium) with mass number ...
Whole-body PET scan using 18F-FDG. The normal brain and kidneys are labeled, and radioactive urine from breakdown of the FDG is ... Work by Gordon Brownell, Charles Burnham and their associates at the Massachusetts General Hospital beginning in the 1950s ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Positron_emission_tomography&oldid=908420507" ... April 2005). "Radiation exposure of patients undergoing whole-body dual-modality 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations". J. Nucl. Med. 46 ...
Body Repatriation & Final Resting Place[edit]. United States President Coolidge offered the Battleship Florida to return the ... he flew to Lowell Massachusetts to dedicate a new field there. He went at the request of Edith Nourse Rogers who was ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Emilio_Carranza&oldid=816739391" ... John H. Carr,[32] and his family were out picking huckleberries when they discovered his body and the wreckage the next day. ...
Esau, Katherine (2006) [1953]. Evert, Ray F (ed.). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their ... Mauseth, James D. (2009). Botany: an introduction to plant biology (4th ed.). Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leaf&oldid=941499222#Arrangement_on_the_stem" ... Leaves need to support their own mass and align themselves in such a way as to optimize their exposure to the sun, generally ...
... can stay in some body parts like the eyes,[143] breasts, and testicles after infection.[4][144] Sexual transmission after ... Choi JH, Croyle MA (December 2013). "Emerging targets and novel approaches to Ebola virus prophylaxis and treatment". BioDrugs ... Index cases of EVD have often been close to recently deforested lands.[91][92] ... The virus spreads through direct contact with body fluids, such as blood from infected humans or other animals.[1] Spread may ...
For pronunciation, there is no official standards body but there is a long-standing de facto standard pronunciation (" ... and more recently a resurgence of German dialects has appeared in mass media. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Standard_German&oldid=869115536" ...
Will you be so kind as to send me a chart with the body mass index? - J.L. ANSWER: I dont have body mass index… ... I lost my body mass index chart. My druggist told me to use the Internet to get another. One problem: Im a senior citizen with ... and you get a body mass index of 22.3. A body mass index of 18.5 to 24.9 is normal; 25 to 29.9 is overweight; 30 and above is ... ANSWER: I dont have body mass index charts. However, I can give you a quick and easy way to compute your BMI. ...
One place to start is by learning about body mass index, or BMI, a calculation that estimates how much body fat a person has ... Body Mass Index (BMI). One of the biggest questions guys and girls have as they grow and develop is whether theyre the right ...
There is a simple body mass index formula which is discussed in this article as well as many other body mass index facts. ... If someones height and weight are known, then body mass index can be measured. ... Body mass index is one important measurement to determine if someone is overweight, underweight, or at a healthy weight. ... What is body mass index and how is it measured? ... Body mass index or BMI is a weight to height ratio. Your body ...
Body Mass Index. Body Mass Index or BMI is a calculation, based upon a persons height and weight. It is used to determine ... As soon as you have done so you are shown your body mass index which you can compare with the weight categories as defined by ... Body Mass Index Guide Index:. *Body Mass Index Intro. *BMI weight categories ... Other factors with Body Mass Index. *Alternatives to Body Mass Index. *Is Body Mass Index still important? ...
The body mass index calculator module does not has an included language file, however I designed it so user can change the name ... Joomla Body Mass Index Calculator Module (BMI). Preview Download 2.5 3.0+ Updated: July 14, 2015 ... If you are running health or weight loss related website based on Joomla and would like to have a body mass index calculator on ... The module will automatically calculate the body mass index with the power of jQuery and will display it without the need to ...
One place to start is by learning about body mass index, or BMI, a calculation that estimates how much body fat a person has ...
What is body mass index or BMI?. The body mass index otherwise known as BMI, is a simple calculation using a persons height ... Though body mass index is a simple, easy, and inexpensive way to measure your body size and fat content, it is not perfect. ... A body mass index greater or equal 30 is described as obese. Your body is under greater daily strain simply because of your ... If you are concerned about your weight or body size, calculating your body mass index is a good place to start before heading ...
Body mass index (BMI) is a. Answer: Body mass index (BMI) is a calculation that uses your height and weight to estimate how ... A balanced diet is essential for maintaining a healthy body weight which can be assessed by calculating Body mass index (BMI). ... Pharmaceutical Information » Question Category » Education & Reference » Pharmacology » what is body mass index?. ... nutritionists achieved more understanding in obesity and other abnormal conditions by defining a new unit call Body Mass Index. ...
Get Diet Product suggestions for your Body Type. ... Use this Tool to calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI), to ... Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women. Below are ... The program provides personalized options that will tell you exactly what your body needs when it comes to the food you put in ... The average American diet is laden with foods that don t contain the enzymes needed to process these foods in the body. ...
What is body mass index? Meaning of body mass index as a finance term. What does body mass index mean in finance? ... Definition of body mass index in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... Body mass index financial definition of body mass index https://financial-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/body+mass+index ... Body mass index (BMI), trunk fat mass, and total body fat mass were all found to increase with age.. Reduced B vitamins predict ...
The Body Mass Index Percentiles for Girls calculation allows you to evaluate if a patient is at an appropriate weight based on ... More than 100 anatomy articles feature clinical images and diagrams of the human bodys major systems and organs. The articles ...
Population differences in body composition in relation to the body mass index. ... Is body mass index sensitively related to socio-economic status and to economic adjustment? a case study from the Congo. ... Maternal body mass index and pregnancy outcome in the nutrition collaborative research support program. ... Use of body mass index in the assessment of adult nutritional status in Vietnam. ...
The effect of body mass index on overall and disease-free survival in node-positive breast cancer patients treated with ... In the current analysis, the effect of body mass index (BMI) on DFS and overall survival (OS) was assessed. BMI was obtained ... Obesity was defined as a BMI a parts per thousand yen 30 kg/mA(2). Results: In total, 547 (19%) patients were obese at baseline ... Dana Farber Canc Inst, Dept Biostat and Computat Biol, Boston, MA 02115 USA. ...
Report Finds Reducing Average Body Mass Index Rates by Five Percent Could Lead to Billions in Health Care Savings. Washington, ... Home / Newsroom / Press Releases / Report Finds Reducing Average Body Mass Index Rates by Five Percent Could Lead to Billions ... which finds that reducing the average body mass index by just five percent in the United States could lead to more than $29 ...
High body mass index (BMI) has been associated with asthma and potentially atopy in industrialized countries. In developing ... Further studies are warranted to clarify the relationship between body weight and atopy in children subjected to rapid life- ... High body mass index is not associated with atopy in schoolchildren living in rural and urban areas of Ghana. *Irene A Larbi1,2 ... Larbi, I.A., Klipstein-Grobusch, K., Amoah, A.S. et al. High body mass index is not associated with atopy in schoolchildren ...
Doctors use body mass index (BMI) measurements to assess a childs physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. ... Now they have another tool: body mass index (BMI).. BMI is a calculation that uses height and weight to estimate how much body ... Kids who measure at the 85th to 94th percentiles are considered overweight, because of excess body fat or high lean body mass. ... They also use separate charts for boys and girls to account for differences in growth rates and amounts of body fat as the two ...
"Body Mass Index Measurement in Schools" (Article)external icon [PDF - 239KB]. This article describes the purpose of school- ... Nihiser AJ, Lee SM, Wechsler H, McKenna M, Odom E, Reinold C, Thompson D, Grummer-Strawn L., Body mass index measurement in ... Gance-Cleveland B, Bushmiaer M. Arkansas school nurses role in statewide assessment of body mass index to screen for ... School-based body mass index screening program. Nutr Today. 2006;41(6):274-279. ...
An anthropometric index of weight and height. Body Mass Index (BMI) is an anthropometric index of weight and height that is ... Fat-free mass is total body mass excluding the fat. Fat-free mass includes everything from your skin, bones, ligaments, and ... BMI can be considered a proxy for measures of body fat.. Note that the accuracy of BMI as an indicator of body fatness ( ... An indirect measure of body fatness. BMI is not a direct measure of body fatness. However, BMI parallels changes obtained by ...
... N/A , 07/15/13 , fwdude Posted on 07/15/2013 9:39:52 AM PDT by fwdude ... and have revisited the health measure called Body Mass Index (BMI.) Just needing the input from some of you who agree or ... In extended times of unrest, a little extra body fat can carry you through lean times on limited food. A little extra body fat ... BMI = mass(lbs)/height²(in.) x 703 The interpretation charts follows: BMI below 18.5 is underweight, from 18.5-24.9 is normal, ...
... Lisa M. Powell, Frank J. Chaloupka. NBER Working Paper No. 15046. Issued ... Published: Economic Contextual Factors and Child Body Mass Index, Lisa M. Powell, Frank J. Chaloupka. in Economic Aspects of ... FE results show that higher fruit and vegetable prices are statistically significantly related to a higher body mass index (BMI ... National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: [email protected] Contact ...
... BMI = Weight in KG / Height (in meters) My BMI Result:. Weight: 75 kg. Height: 1.7 meters. My BMI = 74/ ... Body mass index does not take into account your muscle to fat ratio and as muscle is more dense and heavy then fat, you could ... View Poll Results: Your body mass index. Voters. 19. You may not vote on this poll. ... BMI is a blunt instrument anyway, since it doesnt consider muscle mass vs body fat etc.. The only reliable way to lose weight ...
Their research provides a new twist on an old metric: the body mass index, or BMI, which measures body size based on a persons ... Body mass index is a valuable tool for runners. Written by undefined on Invalid date ... Details of the findings linking the speed a runner needs to achieve and the ideal body mass for performance appear in the July ... The specific amount of body mass that they found was needed to regulate ground forces and racing speeds was relatively small: ...
Economic Contextual Factors and Child Body Mass Index Lisa M. Powell & Frank J. Chaloupka ... 1050 Massachusetts Ave.. Cambridge, MA 02138. 617-868-3900. [email protected] ...
How to calculate Body Mass Index. Body Mass Index is a simple calculation using a persons height and weight. The formula is ... Those with a higher muscle mass, such as athletes, may have a high BMI but not be at greater health risk. Those with a lower ... muscle mass, such as children who have not completed their growth or the elderly who may be losing some muscle mass may have a ... During pregnancy and lactation, a womans body composition changes, so using BMI is not appropriate. ...
Body Mass Index (BMI) News and Research. RSS Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure that relates body weight to height. BMI is ... Simple way to measure abdominal obesity index In obesity research, the body mass index has been traditionally used to determine ... Elevated body mass index - a measure of weight accounting for a persons height - has been shown to be a likely causal ... Higher body mass index could cause depression even without health problems A largescale genomic analysis has found the ...
Source : Body Building. Building Muscle Mass Tips and Secrets by: dpoon. Building muscles mass is an easy task to achieve as ... Finding Better Usb Mass Storage Solutions by: Lesley Lyon. The USB Mass Storage Device Class (USB MSC) is a set of computing ... Cheap Pen Drives: Mass Storage at Its Best! by: Raisa Raima. The mass storage devices of the past such as floppy diskettes have ... Diet Plan for Building Muscle Mass by: Derek Manuel. One of the major causes of failure when training to gain muscle mass is ...
... an index for assessing overweight and underweight, obtained by dividing body weight in kilograms by height in meters squared: a ... body mass index, body mechanics, body mike, body modification, body of christ, body of stomach ... body fluid, body horror, body image, body language, body louse, .css-4kjeik{font-size:20px;color:#1a1a1a;line-height:23px;}. ... A measurement of the relative percentages of fat and muscle mass in the human body, in which mass in kilograms is divided by ...
Peak bone mass is not achieved until about the age of 25 years. The development of the pelvic birth canal is slower than that ... Low adult body weights may not only reflect the effects of recurrent infection, but a combination of problems of food ... Yet data on those with a low body weight is limited. To obtain comparable data on the risks of general ill health and specific ... These sex differences in the BMI value for survival may prove to be important and may relate to the greater body reserves of ...
Weighing In... Should Schools Assess Body Mass Index (BMI)?. Are schools crossing the line when they measure body fat through ... Weigh in time... A second grade girl brings home a letter from her school revealing her Body Mass Index (BMI) scores taken in ... body mass index. Submitted by alexajoe on June 26, 2015 - 8:37am ... Body mass measurement. Submitted by sheilzasmith on July 3, ... here is android application to calculate your accurate body mass index with comments and ideal weight. ...
The body mass that scientists are using it to look for will change the way you think about index (BMI) was designed to measure ... mass. Which means youll have a little coronary heart disease, overweight or higher death rates-compared to the "extra" body ... on the three limitations of body mass laureate Baruch Blumberg that showed takes is an inexpensive, non-invasive indices." ... Body fat may protect you by affecting often younger than the slimmer altered what is considered a "normal" your bodys ...
Calculator indicates whether your body weight is appropriate for your height and tells you the associated risk factors and ... Body Mass Index Body mass index (BMI) is a simple tool that is generally used to estimate the total amount of body fat. ... Body Adiposity Index Calculator. Need an alternative to body mass index (BMI)? Body adiposity index gives you the percentage of ... Medindia » Health Calculators » Diabetes Tools » Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator. How to Calculate Body Mass Index (BMI). . ...
This is a val-ue that is de-rived from the height and mass/weight of the in-di-vid-ual. The re-sult of this test can give an ... is a way for doc-tors and per-son-al train-ers alike to tell if you have too much fat on your body. ... Your Body Mass In-dex (BMI) is a way for doc-tors and per-son-al train-ers alike to tell if you have too much fat on your body ... so BMI can over-es-ti-mate body fat in ath-letes with high bone den-si-ty and mus-cle mass, or un-der-es-ti-mate it in old-er ...
Fitness and Health: Body Mass Index, BMI, and Weight Fitness: Your Body Mass Index (BMI) is basically the relationship between ... Although Body Mass Index does not directly measure percent of body fat, higher BMIs are usually associated with an increase in ... Fitness: Body Mass Index (BMI) is an objective standard that is becoming the measurement of choice for most health care ... Body-Mass Index. To use the table, find the appropriate height in the left-hand column labeled Height. Move across to a given ...
The body mass index is a method that healthcare professionals sometimes use to determine whether or not a person has a healthy ... Body Mass Index, or BMI, is the method medical professionals use to determine if someone is a healthy weight. Body Mass Index ... the body mass index might assume that they have very little fat, when the opposite could be true. Still, body mass index works ... So if someones body mass index shows that they are obese, we can assume that they have high fat levels and are at high risk ...
Going by body fat percentage that I had done with calipers recently I am 23% body fat, meaning my lean mass is 185lbs and fat ... According to my last BF calculations, I had 192 lbs of lean mass with a body fat % somewhere around 20% and that was back in ... Location: Mass, USA 28.8 DAMN IT!!! .2 away from Obese... So close, yet so far away ... So at 285 Im still sporting an 18-20% body fat. Im still fat and sporting 50-55 pounds of lard. However, I still say I am in ...
If you are looking for advice, look no further than one of our forums with specialization in Weight Loss, Training, and Body ... BMI (Body Mass Index). BMI (Body Mass Index). The Body Mmass Index (BMI), is a measure which compares a persons weight and ... It may underestimate body fat in older persons and others who have lost muscle mass. The BMI score means the following... ... It does not actually measure the percentage of body fat. It is used only to estimate a healthy body weight based on a persons ...
Maternal Body Mass Index and Risk of Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury. Marie Blomberg ...
The purpose of this study was to examine secular changes in the body mass index (BMI) of Canadian children between 1981 and ... Secular trends in the body mass index of Canadian children. Mark S. Tremblay and J. Douglas Willms ... Effect of school-based physical activity interventions on body mass index in children: a meta-analysis ... which may lead to a progressive increase in body mass over time. ... Secular trends in the body mass index of Canadian children ...
The Hirslanden BMI calculator provides you with helpful tips about your body mass index. Find out more now. ... Your body mass index (BMI) is the ratio between your height and your body weight. This guide value acts as a pointer for you in ... The body mass index is based on a simple mathematical formula: It is calculated by taking the body weight in kilograms and ... Assessment of the body mass index also depends on the age of the individual. As the bodies of children and adolescents develop ...
This study aims to investigate the association of urinary concentration of phthalate metabolites with body mass index (BMI) and ... Wang H, Zhou Y, Tang C, He Y, Wu J, Chen Y et al (2013) Urinary phthalate metabolites are associated with body mass index and ... This study aims to investigate the association of urinary concentration of phthalate metabolites with body mass index (BMI) and ... Association of urinary phthalate metabolites concentrations with body mass index and waist circumference. ...
Body Mass Index variations: centiles from birth to 87 years.. Rolland-Cachera MF1, Cole TJ, Sempé M, Tichet J, Rossignol C, ... This report provides Body Mass Index (weight/height2) values for the French population from birth to the age of 87 years. BMI ... These variations reflect the total changes of fat body mass during life. The 50th centile values of Wt/Ht2 at the ages of 20, ...
Our studys primary objective was to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) categories and critical forms of ... A growing body of data suggests that obesity influences coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). ... The association between body mass index class and coronavirus disease 2019 outcomes. *Abdallah Al-Salameh. ORCID: orcid.org/ ... Al-Salameh, A., Lanoix, JP., Bennis, Y. et al. The association between body mass index class and coronavirus disease 2019 ...
Body mass index z-scores. Body mass index z-scores, also called BMI standard deviation (s.d.) scores, are measures of relative ... Body mass index defined. Body mass index is a measure of weight adjusted for height. It is calculated as weight in kilograms ... Cole TJ, Freeman JV, Preece MA . Body mass index reference curves for the UK, 1990. Arch Dis Childhood 1995; 73: 25-29. ... Body mass index in children and adolescents: considerations for population-based applications. *A Must. 1,2. & ...
The Body Mass Index, a scale scientists use to determine whether someone is overweight, is not the most accurate tool to ... The Body Mass Index, a scale scientists use to determine whether someone is overweight, is not the most accurate tool to ... Both studies relied on the use of the Body Mass Index scale, which is simply a ratio of one's weight in kilograms divided ... And it is a very simple number, which doesn't take into account things like race, age, sex, body frame, or muscle mass. ...
Calculating body fat percentage is what you need to do. Muscle tissue mass vs fat tissue mass. Typical tests are body fat ... How accurate is a Body Mass Index (BMI) reading?I only ask as according to the one I have just done I am overweight bordering ... What is the importance of the Body Mass Index (BMI) ?. Jump to Last Post 1-4 of 4 discussions (4 posts) ... How accurate is a Body Mass Index (BMI) reading?. by AngelTrader 6 years ago ...
  • Obesity is a serous problem in the US, knowing your body mass can help you make better decisions about your diet and eating habits. (healthstatus.com)
  • Background: Understanding the extent to which visceral and subcutaneous body fat are associated with markers of nutrition and inflammation in patients on dialysis therapy could shed light on the obesity paradox and the biology of subcutaneous fat. (elsevier.com)
  • Variation in the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) gene has been shown to contribute to common forms of human obesity. (edu.au)
  • Background: To examine the association of education with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). (lu.se)
  • Predictors: Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy-derived estimates of percent body fat. (elsevier.com)
  • Individuals with a body mass index under 18.5 are considered underweight. (healthstatus.com)
  • Body mass index determines whether you are underweight, ideal weight, overweight or obese. (allopathic.in)
  • You can use the Body Mass Index (BMI) calculator to work out if you're underweight, overweight or at an ideal weight for your height. (nsw.gov.au)
  • Those whose index falls below 5th percentile are classified as underweight. (egostore-global.com)
  • Aside from determining whether your child is underweight or overweight, this index is also used as a basis to determine whether your child is at risk of having type 2 diabetes. (egostore-global.com)
  • A body mass index greater or equal 30 is described as obese. (healthstatus.com)
  • Multiparity amongst women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 Kg/m 2 is a common occurrence despite there being a known clear association with a decline in fecundity in women who are overweight or obese. (scirp.org)
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) classification of Body Mass Index (BMI) defines a BMI of 18.5 - 24.9 Kg/m 2 as normal, overweight as a BMI of 25 - 29.9 Kg/m 2 and obese as a BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m 2 . (scirp.org)
  • Overweight and obese people have an increased incidence of heart disease, and thus fall victim to heart attack, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina, and abnormal heart rhythm more often than those that maintain a healthy body mass index. (healthinessbox.com)
  • Type 2 diabetes occurs when the hormone insulin is not used effectively by the cells in your body. (diabetisfree.com)
  • Can Stress Trigger Type 2 Diabetes Because higher levels of stress can cause your blood glucose to rise (if your body can't make enough insulin), some people find out they have diabetes during a … Body stress effects all systems of the body including muscles, respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal, nervous and reproductive systems. (diabetisfree.com)
  • Anxiety and depression in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, depending on sex and body mass index. (diabetisfree.com)
  • Jan 17, 2017 … The relative importance of aerobic capacity, physical activity and body mass index in impaired glucose tolerance and Type 2 diabetes. (diabetisfree.com)
  • We generated gender-specific WC values with equivalent 10-year absolute risk of type 2 diabetes as body mass index (BMI) points in an Australian Aboriginal community to contribute to guidelines needed for establishing WC cut-off points for Aboriginals. (bmj.com)
  • However, these standards might not necessarily be applicable to the Aboriginal population who experience a disproportionately greater burden of type 2 diabetes 4 , 5 and display a body habitus that is different from non-Aboriginals in Australia. (bmj.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how a wide spectrum of body mass index (BMI) values at ages 7 to 13 years are associated with type 2 diabetes throughout adulthood, including potential modifying effects of sex and birth weight. (ku.dk)
  • If you are running health or weight loss related website based on Joomla and would like to have a body mass index calculator on your site, here is a free module that will do the job for you. (jextensions.com)
  • Use the BMI calculator below to determine your body mass index by inputting your height and weight. (dynamixleisure.co.uk)
  • Go ahead, use this Body Mass Calculator to see your exact BMI and other interesting facts! (allopathic.in)
  • BMI Calculator provided by calculators.tech BMI or Body Mass Index is not an exact measure of your health but can be used as a guideline for managing a healthy weight according to your height. (allopathic.in)
  • Dec 15, 2016 … A great BMI calculator with advanced features for Body Mass Index. (diabetisfree.com)
  • Objective: To estimate the relationship of Food Craving (FC) behavior with females' Body Mass Index (BMI), and body-composition. (scirp.org)
  • 2) to estimate the relationship of FCB with females' affective-states, Body Mass Index (BMI), body-composition, and 3) to determine the differences in the score of the FC behavior in females during the menstrual cycle, and with the practice of physical exercise. (scirp.org)
  • Smoothed Body Composition Percentiles Curves for Mexican Children Aged 6 to 12 Years. (sparrho.com)
  • Postulating that initiating events may be alterations to infant body composition established in utero, we tested the hypothesis that neonatal adipose tissue (AT) content and distribution and liver lipid are influenced by maternal BMI. (westminster.ac.uk)
  • abstract = "To elucidate the impact of pretransplant body mass index (BMI) on the clinical outcome, we performed a retrospective study with registry data including a total of 12 050 patients (age ≥18 years) who received allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) between 2000 and 2010. (elsevier.com)
  • Keys considered the various height-weight formulas in existance and found Quetelet s equation to be the best marker of body-fat percentage. (healthstatus.com)
  • An index reports changes up or down, usually expressed as points and as a percentage, in a specific financial market, in a number of related markets, or in an economy as a whole. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify demographic, health-related, and work-related factors associated with baseline and changes in body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BFP) and among Connecticut manufacturing workers acrossage groups. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Total body fat (TBF), total body fat-free mass (FFM), and percentage of body fat (%BF) were determined by hydrodensitometry, and then BMI was partitioned into its fat and fat-free components: fat mass index (FMI) and FFM index (FFMI). (sparrho.com)
  • The value of an index increases when the aggregate value of the underlying securities increases, and decreases when the aggregate value decreases. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • As your child reaches preschool years, the Body Mass Index decreases, then it will then increase once they reach adulthood. (egostore-global.com)
  • Our aim was to examine the degree to which changes in BMI percentile reflect changes in body fat and lean body mass during childhood and how age and gender affect these relationships.This analysis used serial data on 494 white boys and girls who were aged 8 to 18 years and participating in the Fels Longitudinal Study (total 2319 observations). (sparrho.com)
  • This web page allows you to calculate the body mass index (BMI) of your patients between the ages of 2 and 20 years, as well as the exact BMI percentile and z-score (standard deviation), based on the Center for Disease Control (CDC) growth charts. (chop.edu)
  • After getting the result, you may now refer to the Body Mass Index for Age Percentile for ages 2 to 20 years. (egostore-global.com)
  • High body mass index (BMI) has been implicated in the development of asthma in industrialized countries [ 14 ] however, the relationship between high BMI and atopy is not clearly established [ 15 ], but potentially mediated through elevated production of leptin, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and interleukin-6 associated with increased adiposity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For example, Parkes [ 18 ] identified associations between education and marital status and body mass index (BMI) among offshore oil industry workers, while Duffy et al. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study aimed to examine the associations of body mass index (BMI) across adult life with cognitive function in 2,637 participants aged 60 years or over from NHANES 2011-2014. (aging-us.com)
  • While body mass index should not be used as a diagnostic tool, it is a good screening tool for identifying potential weight problems in adults. (healthstatus.com)
  • Background: In older adults, kyphosis (slouching posture) can lead to underestimation of height, which may in turn lead to overestimation of body mass index (BMI). (elsevier.com)
  • The Body Mass Index, or more commonly referred to as BMI is the measurement of body fat in relation to an individuals height and is a popular alternative to direct measurements of body fat. (allopathic.in)
  • Although there is one large caveat to a BMI calculation and that is that it doesn't distinguish fat from muscle, because muscle weighs more than fat, unless you are an athlete, bodybuilder, or someone that is naturally more muscular, the body mass index is calculated as accurately as possible with simple numbers and more than likely is a true indicator of your body fat and its relation to your health. (allopathic.in)
  • Relation of body mass index, fat mass index and fat-free mass index to blood pressure in children aged 7-12 in Shandong, China. (sparrho.com)
  • This study aimed to investigate the genetic influence of polymorphisms in FTO in relation to body mass index (BMI) in two independent samples of major depressive disorder (MDD) cases and controls. (edu.au)
  • The body mass index otherwise known as BMI, is a simple calculation using a person's height and weight. (healthstatus.com)
  • BMI is an estimate of body fat and a good gauge of your risk for diseases that can occur with more body fat. (healthstatus.com)
  • 1-3 Risk thresholds for WC derived from body mass index (BMI) in predominantly European populations have been proposed for use in Australia. (bmj.com)
  • Further studies are warranted to clarify the relationship between body weight and atopy in children subjected to rapid life-style changes associated with urbanization of their environments. (biomedcentral.com)
  • But the fastest way of figuring whether your child is healthy or not is through the help of body mass index. (egostore-global.com)
  • In conclusion, high BMI in early adult life is associated with low cognitive function in late life, which underscores the importance of a healthy body weight across the life course. (aging-us.com)
  • The module will automatically calculate the body mass index with the power of jQuery and will display it without the need to hit any submit button, so your page will not reload when user use the module. (jextensions.com)
  • There is a separate chart for boys and girls because each gender has different body fat content, as they grow older. (egostore-global.com)
  • Zhou Y , Zhang T , Lee D , Yang L , Li S , . Body mass index across adult life and cognitive function in the American elderly. (aging-us.com)
  • However, studies show strong correlations between BMI measurements and the results of more direct body fat measures. (healthstatus.com)
  • As soon as you have done so you are shown your body mass index which you can compare with the weight categories as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO). (medic8.com)
  • Now that you know your body mass index you are one step closer to mastering your overall health. (dynamixleisure.co.uk)
  • An index may track stocks , bonds , mutual funds , and any other security or investment vehicle , including other indices. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Food psychological reactance, in addition to another affective alteration that present the population of women are predictor variables for the increase in BMI and in body-fat mass. (scirp.org)
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) IB Mathematics, Standard Level Internal Assessment: Type II Portfolio Megan Elise Griffith Candidate Number: - May Examinations IB Mathematics, Standard Level Frankfurt International School Teacher: Mr. John Poole. (degisiktatlar.com)