Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Ideal Body Weight
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Radiographic Image Enhancement
Mastectomy, Modified Radical
Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological
Reproducibility of Results
Quality of Life
Body Mass Index
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Sensitivity and Specificity
District of Columbia
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Pattern Recognition, Automated
Toward sensitive practice: issues for physical therapists working with survivors of childhood sexual abuse. (1/966)BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The high rates of prevalence of childhood sexual abuse in the United States and Canada suggest that physical therapists work, often unknowingly, with adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. The purposes of this qualitative study were to explore the reactions of adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse to physical therapy and to listen to their ideas about how practitioners could be more sensitive to their needs. The dynamics and long-term sequelae of childhood sexual abuse, as currently understood by mental health researchers and as described by the participants, are summarized to provide a context for the findings of this study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven female survivors (aged 19-62 years) participated in semistructured interviews in which they described their reactions to physical therapy. RESULTS: Survivors' reactions to physical therapy, termed "long-term sequelae of abuse that detract from feeling safe in physical therapy," are reported. Participant-identified suggestions that could contribute to the sense of safety are shared. CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION: Although the physical therapist cannot change the survivor's history, an appreciation of issues associated with child sexual abuse theoretically can increase clinicians' understanding of survivors' reactions during treatment. We believe that attention by the physical therapist to the client's sense of safety throughout treatment can maximize the benefits of the physical therapy experience for the client who is a survivor. (+info)
Visual cues to female physical attractiveness. (2/966)Evolutionary psychology suggests that a woman's sexual attractiveness is based on cues of health and reproductive potential. In recent years, research has focused on the ratio of the width of the waist to the width of the hips (the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). A low WHR (i.e. a curvaceous body) is believed to correspond to the optimal fat distribution for high fertility, and so this shape should be highly attractive. In this paper we present evidence that weight scaled for height (the body mass index (BMI)) is the primary determinant of sexual attractiveness rather than WHR. BMI is also strongly linked to health and reproductive potential. Furthermore, we show how covariation of apparent BMI and WHR in previous studies led to the overestimation of the importance of WHR in the perception of female attractiveness. Finally, we show how visual cues, such as the perimeter-area ratio (PAR), can provide an accurate and reliable index of an individual's BMI and could be used by an observer to differentiate between potential partners. (+info)
Neglect after right insular cortex infarction. (3/966)BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Case reports have shown an association between right insular damage and neglect. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of neglect among patient groups with right or left insular infarction. METHODS: We examined neglect in 9 right-handed subjects with insular stroke as evidenced by CT and/or MRI scans (4 with right insular and 5 with left insular cerebrovascular accident) between 4 and 8 weeks after acute stroke with tests of visual, tactile, and auditory perception. RESULTS: Compared with patients with left insular lesions, patients with right insular lesions showed significant neglect in the tactile, auditory, and visual modalities. CONCLUSIONS: The right insular cortex seems to have a role in awareness of external stimuli, and infarction in this area may lead to neglect in multisensory modalities. (+info)
Body piercing medical concerns with cutting-edge fashion. (4/966)OBJECTIVE: To review the current information on medical complications, psychological implications, and legislative issues related to body piercing, a largely unregulated industry in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a MEDLINE search of English language articles from 1966 until May 1998 using the search terms "body piercing" and "ear piercing." Bibliographies of these references were reviewed for additional citations. We also conducted an Internet search for "body piercing" on the World Wide Web. MAIN RESULTS: In this manuscript, we review the available body piercing literature. We conclude that body piercing is an increasingly common practice in the United States, that this practice carries substantial risk of morbidity, and that most body piercing in the United States is being performed by unlicensed, unregulated individuals. Primary care physicians are seeing growing numbers of patients with body pierces. Practitioners must be able to recognize, treat, and counsel patients on body piercing complications and be alert to associated psychological conditions in patients who undergo body piercing. (+info)
Relative importance of heritable characteristics and lifestyle in the development of maternal obesity. (5/966)STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative importance of heritable characteristics and lifestyle in the development of "maternal obesity" after pregnancy. SETTING: South east London, in the homes of mothers who had delivered their babies at either Guy's, Lewisham or St Thomas's hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy four mothers of low antenatal risk who had been enrolled in the Antenatal Care (ANC) Project (a previous trial of antenatal care) during the first trimester of pregnancy, and who had subsequently been followed up 2.5 years after delivery. DESIGN: Information on parental obesity, psychosocial and sociodemographic factors as well as lifestyle, was gathered during a semi-structured interview at each mother's home. Additional anthropometric and psychosocial data were taken from the existing ANC Project database. These data were used to assess the relative importance of heritable characteristics and lifestyle on changes in maternal body weight from the beginning of pregnancy to the follow up interview. MAIN RESULTS: After adjusting for the effects of potential confounders and known risk factors for maternal obesity, women who selected larger silhouettes to represent their biological mothers were significantly more likely to have higher long term weight gains than those who selected thinner maternal silhouettes (r = 0.083, p = 0.004). Women who were less satisfied with their bodies postpartum had significantly greater long term weight gains than those women who displayed no increase in dissatisfaction with their bodies after pregnancy (r = 0.067, p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: A heritable predisposition to gain weight together with changing attitudes to body size, both had an independent role in the development of maternal body weight after pregnancy. Differences in each woman's heritable predisposition to gain weight and any changes in body image that occur after pregnancy might explain why some women gain weight in association with pregnancy. (+info)
Does bracing affect self-image? A prospective study on 54 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. (6/966)To evaluate the effect of brace treatment on self-image in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, 54 consecutive patients admitted for brace treatment were interviewed before bracing. A prevalidated questionnaire including the following five aspects of self-image was used: (1) body-image, (2) self-perception of skills and talents, (3) emotional well-being, (4) relations with family, and (5) relations with others. As a control group, the answers of 3465 normal school children were used. Forty-six patients participated in a follow-up interview 1.7 (range 0.8-3.0) years later. In addition, during the first interview, the scoliosis patients answered selected questions about their social circumstances and attitudes towards their forthcoming brace treatment. Grossly, the patient group lived in stable family conditions with a high percentage (40%) of fathers and/or mothers with an academic education or with a high employee status. The patients' relations with families were generally good. Nearly all believed that the brace would affect their posture, but only a few thought that wearing the brace would influence their growth. Two-thirds believed that it would be difficult to wear the brace, and often reflected on the use of it. There were no statistically significant differences between the scoliosis patients and the age-matched controls at the pre-bracing nor at the follow-up interviews. Neither were there any statistically significant differences between the answers of the scoliosis patients in the pre-bracing and follow-up interviews. This was valid for the total score as well as for each subscale item score. It is concluded that wearing the brace does not affect the self-image of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis negatively. (+info)
Student bodies: psycho-education communities on the web. (7/966)We have developed a Web-delivered, multimedia health educational program, Student Bodies, designed to improve body satisfaction, a probable risk factor for the development of eating disorders in young women. The program includes psycho-educational content and a newsgroup for communication, and is delivered in a structured framework of weekly readings, assignments and postings to the newsgroup. Intervention group participants improved their body image, and reduced other attitudes that predispose to eating disorders. (+info)
Psychotherapeutic practice in paediatric oncology: four examples. (8/966)Psychotherapy, often used with children treated for a solid tumour, is seldom described. We present four examples of such therapies: a mother who refused enucleation for her 7-month-old boy; a boy's jealousy towards his sister who was being treated for a brain tumour; a teenager troubled by his scar; a 7-year-old boy embarrassed by the unconscious memory of his treatment when he was 5 months old. All names have been changed, for reasons of privacy. Psychotherapies aim to help children and parents to cope with the violent experience of having cancer, to recover their freedom of thought and decision-making concerning their life, their place in the family, their body image, their self-esteem, their identity. These descriptions of brief psychotherapy could help paediatricians to gain a more thorough understanding of the child's experience, to improve collaboration with psychotherapists and to confront clinical skills of psychotherapists. (+info)
The most common types of eating disorders include:
1. Anorexia Nervosa: This is characterized by a severe restriction of food intake, leading to a significantly low body weight. Individuals with anorexia nervosa may have a distorted body image and may view themselves as being overweight, even if they are underweight.
2. Bulimia Nervosa: This is characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by purging, such as vomiting or using laxatives, to rid the body of the consumed food. This can lead to a cycle of guilt and shame, and can have serious physical consequences such as electrolyte imbalances and gastrointestinal problems.
3. Binge Eating Disorder: This is characterized by episodes of uncontrolled eating, often accompanied by feelings of guilt and shame. Unlike bulimia nervosa, there is no purging or compensatory behaviors to rid the body of the consumed food.
4. Other specified feeding or eating disorders (OSFED): This category includes a range of eating disorders that do not meet the criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge eating disorder. Examples include orthorexia nervosa (an obsession with healthy eating), avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (a lack of interest in eating or a fear of eating), and pica (eating non-food items).
Eating disorders can have serious physical and emotional consequences, including:
1. Malnutrition: Eating disorders can lead to malnutrition, which can cause a range of health problems, including fatigue, hair loss, and poor wound healing.
2. Electrolyte imbalances: Eating disorders can also lead to electrolyte imbalances, which can cause heart problems, muscle weakness, and other complications.
3. Tooth decay and gum disease: Frequent vomiting can erode tooth enamel and lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
4. Digestive problems: Eating disorders can cause digestive problems such as constipation, diarrhea, and acid reflux.
5. Hormonal imbalances: Eating disorders can disrupt hormone levels, leading to menstrual irregularities, infertility, and other hormone-related problems.
6. Anxiety and depression: Eating disorders can also contribute to anxiety and depression, which can make it more difficult to recover from the eating disorder.
7. Social isolation: Eating disorders can lead to social isolation, as individuals may avoid social situations where food is involved or feel ashamed of their eating habits.
8. Body image distortion: Eating disorders can also cause body image distortion, leading to a negative and unrealistic view of one's body.
9. Osteoporosis: Eating disorders can increase the risk of osteoporosis, particularly in individuals who have been suffering from the disorder for a long time or who have experienced significant weight loss.
10. Increased risk of suicide: Eating disorders can also increase the risk of suicide, as individuals may feel overwhelmed by their symptoms and struggling to cope with the emotional and physical consequences of the disorder.
It's important to note that these complications can be life-threatening and require prompt medical attention. If you or someone you know is struggling with an eating disorder, it's essential to seek professional help from a mental health professional, a registered dietitian, or a primary care physician. With proper treatment and support, individuals can recover from eating disorders and lead a healthy and fulfilling life.
Symptoms of cystocele may include:
* A bulge in the vagina that may be felt through the skin
* Pain or discomfort during sexual activity
* Difficulty starting a stream of urine
* Frequent urination
* Increased urgency to urinate
* Leaking of urine
Diagnosis of cystocele is typically made through a physical exam and may also involve imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI. Treatment for cystocele depends on the severity of the condition and may include:
* Kegel exercises to strengthen the muscles that support the bladder
* A pessary, which is a device inserted into the vagina to support the bladder
* Surgery to repair or remove the damaged tissue
It's important for individuals experiencing symptoms of cystocele to consult with a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Anorexia Nervosa can be further divided into two subtypes:
1. Restrictive Type: This type of anorexia is characterized by restrictive eating patterns, such as limiting food intake and avoiding certain types of food. People with this type may have a fear of gaining weight or becoming fat.
2. Binge/Purge Type: This type of anorexia is characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by purging behaviors, such as vomiting, using laxatives, or exercising excessively. People with this type may feel a loss of control during binge episodes and may experience guilt or shame afterward.
Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa can include:
* Restrictive eating habits
* Obsession with weight loss or body image
* Denial of hunger or fatigue
* Excessive exercise
* Difficulty maintaining a healthy weight
* Osteoporosis or other medical complications
Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa typically involves a combination of psychotherapy, nutrition counseling, and medication. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a common form of psychotherapy used to help individuals with anorexia nervosa change their negative thought patterns and behaviors related to food and body image. Family-based therapy can also be effective in treating adolescents with anorexia nervosa.
It is important to note that Anorexia Nervosa is a serious mental health condition that can have life-threatening consequences if left untreated. If you or someone you know is struggling with anorexia, it is important to seek professional help as soon as possible. With appropriate treatment and support, individuals with anorexia nervosa can recover and lead a healthy, fulfilling life.
Note: This term is not used in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), which replaced it with the term "sexual disorders not otherwise specified" (F52.9).
Note: This definition is a general overview of the condition and may not cover all aspects of rectocele, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and management. It is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for detailed information and personalized advice.
Being overweight can increase the risk of various health problems, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain types of cancer. It can also affect a person's mental health and overall quality of life.
There are several ways to assess whether someone is overweight or not. One common method is using the BMI, which is calculated based on height and weight. Another method is measuring body fat percentage, which can be done with specialized tools such as skinfold calipers or bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA).
Losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight can be achieved through a combination of diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes. Some examples of healthy weight loss strategies include:
* Eating a balanced diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein sources
* Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, running, swimming, or weight training
* Avoiding fad diets and quick fixes
* Getting enough sleep and managing stress levels
* Setting realistic weight loss goals and tracking progress over time.
Body weight is an important health indicator, as it can affect an individual's risk for certain medical conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential for overall health and well-being, and there are many ways to do so, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle changes.
There are several ways to measure body weight, including:
1. Scale: This is the most common method of measuring body weight, and it involves standing on a scale that displays the individual's weight in kg or lb.
2. Body fat calipers: These are used to measure body fat percentage by pinching the skin at specific points on the body.
3. Skinfold measurements: This method involves measuring the thickness of the skin folds at specific points on the body to estimate body fat percentage.
4. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive method that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage.
5. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a more accurate method of measuring body composition, including bone density and body fat percentage.
It's important to note that body weight can fluctuate throughout the day due to factors such as water retention, so it's best to measure body weight at the same time each day for the most accurate results. Additionally, it's important to use a reliable scale or measuring tool to ensure accurate measurements.
In medicine, thinness is sometimes used as a diagnostic criterion for certain conditions, such as anorexia nervosa or cancer cachexia. In these cases, thinness can be a sign of a serious underlying condition that requires medical attention.
However, it's important to note that thinness alone is not enough to diagnose any medical condition. Other factors, such as a person's overall health, medical history, and physical examination findings, must also be taken into account when making a diagnosis. Additionally, it's important to recognize that being underweight or having a low BMI does not necessarily mean that someone is unhealthy or has a medical condition. Many people with a healthy weight and body composition can still experience negative health effects from societal pressure to be thin.
Overall, the concept of thinness in medicine is complex and multifaceted, and it's important for healthcare providers to consider all relevant factors when evaluating a patient's weight and overall health.
There are several different types of obesity, including:
1. Central obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
2. Peripheral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat in the hips, thighs, and arms.
3. Visceral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
4. Mixed obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by both central and peripheral obesity.
Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lack of physical activity, poor diet, sleep deprivation, and certain medications. Treatment for obesity typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and a healthy diet, and in some cases, medication or surgery may be necessary to achieve weight loss.
Preventing obesity is important for overall health and well-being, and can be achieved through a variety of strategies, including:
1. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is low in added sugars, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates.
2. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
3. Getting enough sleep each night.
4. Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing.
5. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and quitting smoking.
6. Monitoring weight and body mass index (BMI) on a regular basis to identify any changes or potential health risks.
7. Seeking professional help from a healthcare provider or registered dietitian for personalized guidance on weight management and healthy lifestyle choices.
There are many different approaches to weight loss, and what works best for one person may not work for another. Some common strategies for weight loss include:
* Caloric restriction: Reducing daily caloric intake to create a calorie deficit that promotes weight loss.
* Portion control: Eating smaller amounts of food and avoiding overeating.
* Increased physical activity: Engaging in regular exercise, such as walking, running, swimming, or weightlifting, to burn more calories and build muscle mass.
* Behavioral modifications: Changing habits and behaviors related to eating and exercise, such as keeping a food diary or enlisting the support of a weight loss buddy.
Weight loss can have numerous health benefits, including:
* Improved blood sugar control
* Reduced risk of heart disease and stroke
* Lowered blood pressure
* Improved joint health and reduced risk of osteoarthritis
* Improved sleep quality
* Boosted mood and reduced stress levels
* Increased energy levels
However, weight loss can also be challenging, and it is important to approach it in a healthy and sustainable way. Crash diets and other extreme weight loss methods are not effective in the long term and can lead to nutrient deficiencies and other negative health consequences. Instead, it is important to focus on making sustainable lifestyle changes that can be maintained over time.
Some common misconceptions about weight loss include:
* All weight loss methods are effective for everyone.
* Weight loss should always be the primary goal of a fitness or health program.
* Crash diets and other extreme weight loss methods are a good way to lose weight quickly.
* Weight loss supplements and fad diets are a reliable way to achieve significant weight loss.
The most effective ways to lose weight and maintain weight loss include:
* Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is high in nutrient-dense foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
* Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, running, swimming, or weight training.
* Getting enough sleep and managing stress levels.
* Aiming for a gradual weight loss of 1-2 pounds per week.
* Focusing on overall health and wellness rather than just the number on the scale.
It is important to remember that weight loss is not always linear and can vary from week to week. It is also important to be patient and consistent with your weight loss efforts, as it can take time to see significant results.
Overall, weight loss can be a challenging but rewarding process, and it is important to approach it in a healthy and sustainable way. By focusing on overall health and wellness rather than just the number on the scale, you can achieve a healthy weight and improve your overall quality of life.
Capgras syndrome is a rare psychiatric disorder characterized by the delusional belief that a person or place has been impersonated by an identical double. It is also known as Capgras delusion or Ellisipy syndrome. The condition is named after the French psychiatrist Joseph Capgras, who first described it in 1923.
People with Capgras syndrome may believe that their spouse, family member, or friend has been replaced by an identical impostor, who is pretending to be them. They may also believe that the impostor has stolen their identity and taken over their life. These delusions can cause significant distress and impairment in daily functioning.
Capgras syndrome is often seen in individuals with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, or Lewy body dementia. It may also be associated with other psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
There is no specific treatment for Capgras syndrome, but medications and therapy may be used to manage the underlying psychiatric condition that is contributing to the delusion. In some cases, cognitive behavioral therapy and reality orientation techniques can help individuals with Capgras syndrome to better distinguish between what is real and what is not.
Some common signs and symptoms of bulimia include:
* Frequent episodes of binge eating, often accompanied by feelings of guilt, shame, or self-criticism
* Purging behaviors such as vomiting, using laxatives, or excessive exercise to compensate for the binge eating
* Secretive or secretive behavior around eating habits
* Difficulty maintaining a healthy weight due to extreme calorie restriction or purging
* Constipation, bloating, or other gastrointestinal symptoms
* Tooth decay and gum problems from frequent acid exposure
* Hormonal imbalances and menstrual irregularities
* Dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and other complications from purging
* Social withdrawal, low self-esteem, and other emotional difficulties
Bulimia can be difficult to diagnose, as individuals with the disorder may try to hide their symptoms or deny that they have a problem. However, healthcare professionals can use the following criteria to diagnose bulimia:
* Recurring episodes of binge eating or purging behaviors at least once a week for three months
* Self-evaluation of body shape or weight that is distorted or excessive
* Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat
* Denial of the disorder or secrecy around eating habits
If you suspect that someone you know may have bulimia, it's important to approach the situation with sensitivity and support. Encourage them to seek professional help from a mental health provider or a registered dietitian who specializes in eating disorders. With appropriate treatment and support, individuals with bulimia can recover and lead a healthy, fulfilling life.
1. A false or misleading sensory experience, such as seeing a shape or color that is not actually present.
2. A delusion or mistaken belief that is not based on reality or evidence.
3. A symptom that is perceived by the patient but cannot be detected by medical examination or testing.
4. A feeling of being drugged, dizzy, or disoriented, often accompanied by hallucinations or altered perceptions.
5. A temporary and harmless condition caused by a sudden change in bodily functions or sensations, such as a hot flash or a wave of dizziness.
6. A false or mistaken belief about one's own health or medical condition, often resulting from misinterpretation of symptoms or self-diagnosis.
7. A psychological phenomenon in which the patient experiences a feeling of being in a different body or experiencing a different reality, such as feeling like one is in a dream or a parallel universe.
8. A neurological condition characterized by disturbances in sensory perception, such as seeing things that are not there ( hallucinations) or perceiving sensations that are not real.
9. A type of hysteria or conversion disorder in which the patient experiences physical symptoms without any underlying medical cause, such as numbness or paralysis of a limb.
10. A condition in which the patient has a false belief that they have a serious medical condition, often accompanied by excessive anxiety or fear.
ILLUSIONS IN MEDICINE
Illusions can be a significant challenge in medicine, as they can lead to misdiagnosis, mismanagement of symptoms, and unnecessary treatment. Here are some examples of how illusions can manifest in medical settings:
1. Visual illusions: A patient may see something that is not actually there, such as a shadow or a shape, which can be misinterpreted as a sign of a serious medical condition.
2. Auditory illusions: A patient may hear sounds or noises that are not real, such as ringing in the ears (tinnitus) or hearing voices.
3. Tactile illusions: A patient may feel sensations on their skin that are not real, such as itching or crawling sensations.
4. Olfactory illusions: A patient may smell something that is not there, such as a strange odor or a familiar scent that is not actually present.
5. Gustatory illusions: A patient may taste something that is not there, such as a metallic or bitter taste.
6. Proprioceptive illusions: A patient may feel sensations of movement or position changes that are not real, such as feeling like they are spinning or floating.
7. Interoceptive illusions: A patient may experience sensations in their body that are not real, such as feeling like their heart is racing or their breathing is shallow.
8. Cognitive illusions: A patient may have false beliefs about their medical condition or treatment, such as believing they have a serious disease when they do not.
THE NEUROSCIENCE OF ILLUSIONS
Illusions are the result of complex interactions between the brain and the sensory systems. Here are some key factors that contribute to the experience of illusions:
1. Brain processing: The brain processes sensory information and uses past experiences and expectations to interpret what is being perceived. This can lead to misinterpretation and the experience of illusions.
2. Sensory integration: The brain integrates information from multiple senses, such as vision, hearing, and touch, to create a unified perception of reality. Imbalances in sensory integration can contribute to the experience of illusions.
3. Attention: The brain's attention system plays a critical role in determining what is perceived and how it is interpreted. Attention can be directed towards certain stimuli or away from others, leading to the experience of illusions.
4. Memory: Past experiences and memories can influence the interpretation of current sensory information, leading to the experience of illusions.
5. Emotion: Emotional states can also affect the interpretation of sensory information, leading to the experience of illusions. For example, a person in a state of fear may interpret ambiguous sensory information as threatening.
THE TREATMENT OF ILLUSIONS
Treatment for illusions depends on the underlying cause and can vary from case to case. Some possible treatment options include:
1. Sensory therapy: Sensory therapy, such as vision or hearing therapy, may be used to improve sensory processing and reduce the experience of illusions.
2. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT can help individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to the experience of illusions.
3. Mindfulness training: Mindfulness training can help individuals develop greater awareness of their sensory experiences and reduce the influence of illusions.
4. Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to treat underlying conditions that are contributing to the experience of illusions, such as anxiety or depression.
5. Environmental modifications: Environmental modifications, such as changing the lighting or reducing noise levels, may be made to reduce the stimulus intensity and improve perception.
Illusions are a common experience that can have a significant impact on our daily lives. Understanding the causes of illusions and seeking appropriate treatment can help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. By working with a healthcare professional, individuals can develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses their specific needs and helps them overcome the challenges of illusions.
BN is a serious mental health condition that affects individuals of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. It is estimated that approximately 1% of females and 0.5% of males will develop BN at some point in their lifetime.
Symptoms of BN include:
1. Recurring episodes of binge eating, which are characterized by consuming large amounts of food in a short period of time.
2. Purging behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, abuse of laxatives or diuretics, or fasting.
3. Feeling out of control during binge eating episodes.
4. Feeling guilty or ashamed after binge eating.
5. Loss of menstrual period in females (amenorrhea).
6. Dental problems such as tooth erosion and gum inflammation.
7. Gastric rupture, which is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication.
BN can have serious physical and emotional consequences if left untreated, including:
1. Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to heart problems, seizures, and other complications.
2. Gastrointestinal problems such as esophageal inflammation, gastric ulcers, and constipation.
3. Dental problems such as tooth decay and gum recession.
4. Hormonal imbalances that can lead to menstrual irregularities, fertility problems, and other hormone-related issues.
5. Social isolation and depression.
6. Anxiety and stress.
7. Suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
Treatment for BN typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, including:
1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to address negative thought patterns and behaviors related to binge eating and weight management.
2. Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) to improve communication skills and relationships with others.
3. Psychodynamic therapy to explore underlying emotional issues and gain insight into the causes of BN.
4. Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other antidepressants to help manage symptoms of BN, such as depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
5. Nutritional counseling to learn healthy eating habits and improve overall nutrition.
6. Support groups to connect with others who are experiencing similar struggles and to receive ongoing support and encouragement.
It's important to note that BN is a treatable condition, and seeking professional help can lead to significant improvements in physical and emotional health. With the right treatment and support, individuals with BN can learn to manage their symptoms and live a fulfilling life.
There are different types of Breast Neoplasms such as:
1. Fibroadenomas: These are benign tumors that are made up of glandular and fibrous tissues. They are usually small and round, with a smooth surface, and can be moved easily under the skin.
2. Cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in both breast tissue and milk ducts. They are usually benign and can disappear on their own or be drained surgically.
3. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): This is a precancerous condition where abnormal cells grow inside the milk ducts. If left untreated, it can progress to invasive breast cancer.
4. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): This is the most common type of breast cancer and starts in the milk ducts but grows out of them and invades surrounding tissue.
5. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): It originates in the milk-producing glands (lobules) and grows out of them, invading nearby tissue.
Breast Neoplasms can cause various symptoms such as a lump or thickening in the breast or underarm area, skin changes like redness or dimpling, change in size or shape of one or both breasts, discharge from the nipple, and changes in the texture or color of the skin.
Treatment options for Breast Neoplasms may include surgery such as lumpectomy, mastectomy, or breast-conserving surgery, radiation therapy which uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells, chemotherapy using drugs to kill cancer cells, targeted therapy which uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack cancer cells while minimizing harm to normal cells, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and clinical trials.
It is important to note that not all Breast Neoplasms are cancerous; some are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that do not spread or grow.
Body image disturbance
Body image (neuroscience)
Body image law
Whole body imaging
Effects of advertising on teen body image
T. Thorn Coyle
Body dysmorphic disorder
Media and gender
Social media and the effects on American adolescents
Differential diagnoses of anorexia nervosa
Get Off My Internets
Social comparison theory
The One with Ross's Inappropriate Song
Social media in the fashion industry
Gender representation in video games
Discrimination based on skin color
Andri Steinþór Björnsson
Rawleigh Warner Jr.
Neptune City (album)
Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer (video game)
Dalziel + Scullion
National Insurance Academy
Fort Cobb Reservoir
The Sifl and Olly Show
American Horror Story: Hotel
Show das Poderosas
Cranial nerve nucleus
Kyle of Sutherland
Eagle Lake (Carlton County, Minnesota)
Diamond Lake, Washington
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales
Body Image and You
Beauty - Body Image
Lost limb leads to flexible new body image | New Scientist
The Culture Report | Celebrities Discuss Body Image Issues | kvue.com
Mama Juggs Remixed -Three Generations Healing Negative Body Images
Ciliary body: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Image
New Galaxy S7 Active Image Leaks Showing Rugged Camo Body - SlashGear
GoodTherapy | With Loving Eyes: Fostering Your Child's Positive Body Image
Male Muscular System Stock Photo - Download Image Now - Anatomy, The Human Body, Muscular Build - iStock
Bulimia and the brain: responses to body image and food | Website archive | King's College London
Preventing Chronic Disease | Overweight, Obesity, and Perception of Body Image Among Slum Residents in Nairobi, Kenya, 2008...
Meet the Expert: Key to Combating Negative Self-Image is Embracing Body Acceptance, According to Alsana's Heather Russo
What Is Body Image?
SciAmMind on body image and coma-like states - Mind Hacks
Body-cast Images | Free Clip Art & Vector Art At Clker
Members of the Ferguson Police department wear body cameras during a... News Photo - Getty Images
Going to School With Older Kids Gives Girls Body-Image Issues
body f11.jpg | Servimg.com - Free image hosting service
Jane Fonda Opens up About Her Body Image Struggles - WomenWorking
Jennifer Danny | Body Images, Past and Present
Body image and self-confidence | Irish Cancer Society
Feeling Good about the Way You Look: A Program for Overcoming Body Image Problems
Team USA Rugby Player Ilona Maher Says This Is What She Would Tell Her Younger Self About Body Image
Have You Seen These Stunning Images Created for our My Body My Rights Campaign?
Choosing to Heal: Students' Relationships with Body Image - Pepperdine Graphic
Browse Books: Young Adult Nonfiction / Social Topics / Eating Disorders & Body Image | Politics and Prose Bookstore
Does social media use impact on body image amongst young people? - UWE Bristol: News Releases
Undoing The Shame of Our Body Image Struggles: Hillary McBride - Jen Hatmaker
Male body image
Body image and self perception among African American women aged 18-30
Unhealthy body image2
- For some people, these unrealistic goals can lead to an unhealthy body image and low self-esteem, as well as disordered eating behaviors. (eatright.org)
- A new study in Psychology of Women Quarterly suggests that these distinctions matter, that young girls in school with older ones take some pretty unhealthy body-image and health cues from them. (thecut.com)
- If you are obsessing over everything wrong with your body, identify what other struggles you may be facing and talk to someone you trust for support. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Lukasiak said her body dysmorphia and struggles with body image stemmed from her desire to have control over just one part of her life. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- Like so many things, though, feeling good about one's body, no matter the size, begins in early childhood. (goodtherapy.org)
- Professor Ulrike Schmidt , the senior author on the study, and Head of the Section of Eating Disorders at the Institute of Psychiatry at King's said: "Bulimia nervosa is a much misunderstood and often trivialised condition because its key symptoms of overeating, purging and preoccupation with one's body elicit moralistic judgements from others, including health professionals. (kcl.ac.uk)
- Unrealistic body ideals on social media may exacerbate negative body image. (eatright.org)
- Unrealistic body standards are constantly presented to us in movies and TV, in social media or our own environments - society's obsession with thinness is infectious and can lead to disordered eating,' said Russo. (yahoo.com)
- Access the best of Getty Images with our simple subscription plan . (gettyimages.com)
- Tap into Getty Images' global scale, data-driven insights, and network of more than 340,000 creators to create content exclusively for your brand . (gettyimages.com)
- Photo: Maher: Michael Kovac/Getty Images. (eatingwell.com)
- I often wonder what it's like for those who suffer from body dysmorphia, whether properly diagnosed or not. (signalscv.com)
- Lukasiak said she opened up about her experience with body dysmorphia and eating disorders on her social media platforms on video for the first time in September 2021, but she struggled for years before that. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- Psychology Professor Jennifer Harriger said body image is the cognitions and feelings people have about their body, and body dysmorphia is a clinical diagnosis where someone becomes preoccupied with a specific body feature and spends a significant portion of the day body checking and being overly-focused on it. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- First the body dysmorphia blossomed, and then later on I started trying to control my eating, and I experienced, or however you would phrase it, bulimia, and then binge eating and anorexia," she said. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- Harriger said having previous issues with body image, body dysmorphia or eating disorders can exacerbate the risk of returning to those habits. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- While issues with body image or body dysmorphia have yet to come up directly in conversations, he said it may subconsciously manifest in what students eat or how often they workout. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- ST. LOUIS, March 28, 2023 --( BUSINESS WIRE )--From celebrity awards season to spring break to summer body fad diets, society continues to place a high value on thinness. (yahoo.com)
- Embracing the sizes and shapes of all bodies creates healthy self-esteem. (yahoo.com)
- Our culture needs to instead, focus on body acceptance - replacing internalized shame and self-criticism with self-compassion, which lessens the focus on aesthetics. (yahoo.com)
- People who have a more negative body image often have feelings of guilt or shame surrounding their bodies and feel a need to control how their bodies look. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Interventions to educate residents on the health risks associated with excess body weight are necessary as a part of strategies to reduce the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in these settlements. (cdc.gov)
- in this article, we seek to think about the intricate relationship among body, image, excess and displacement. (bvsalud.org)
- First, through the artist Rembrandt's work: "The Lesson of Anatomy of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp", we analyze the allegoric body image, once the baroque allegory introduces an excess, the wealth of wastefulness, the multiplicity of the senses in contradiction with the pureness and the unit of signification. (bvsalud.org)
- Such comments can cause lasting damage to a young woman's psyche, and Fonda admits that her problems with body image lasted well into adulthood. (womenworking.com)
- This article will provide you with a list of some of the most important free, healthy, beauty tips for an overall radiant, positive body image and physical good health. (bellaonline.com)
- Join us as we journey towards achieving and maintaing a healthy Body Image! (bellaonline.com)
- When comparing these brain scans, the researchers found that the part of the brain concerned with self-reflection was more activated in women with bulimia when shown images of slim women, than it was in healthy women. (kcl.ac.uk)
- Not only is exercise healthy for our bodies, but it also releases endorphins which increase our feelings of happiness, energy, and well-being. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- The resulting images showed that her response matched that of healthy test subjects - she understood the commands and intentionally decided to comply. (mindhacks.com)
- Poor social support and self-image are some of the main concerns that prevent a healthy coping experience (6). (who.int)
- Because diet influences the potential for learning as well as health, an objective of the first national education goal is that children 'receive the nutrition and health care needed to arrive at school with healthy minds and bodies' (3). (cdc.gov)
- Eleven healthy participants lifted loads of three different magnitudes (4.5, 9, and 13.5 kg) from a trunk-flexed (approximately 75 degrees) to an upright position, while being imaged by a dynamic stereo X-ray (DSX) system. (cdc.gov)
- A balanced eating style is essential to overcoming poor body image issues. (eatright.org)
- The work suggests that treatments for bulimia should have a strong focus on self image rather than solely or primarily on issues with food. (kcl.ac.uk)
- Frederique Van den Eynde, currently at McGill University and the Douglas Mental Health Institute in Montreal, lead author of the study said that the findings "support the idea that psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa should have a particular focus on body image and not solely focus on food and eating related issues. (kcl.ac.uk)
- The researchers thought that being exposed to older, more physically developed kids might have a negative impact on younger, less-developed ones, and sure enough, it did: All things being equal, kids in school with more older students had more body-image and eating issues. (thecut.com)
- Harriger said the transition from living at home to living at college is a risky period, where young adults with newfound independence are more likely to engage in disordered eating or experience body image issues. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- The present study aimed to investigate the changes in the level of Body Image Issues among Adolescent Boys. (who.int)
- Cultural ideals influence how people assess their body image and body weight (6,7). (cdc.gov)
- Studies in sub-Saharan Africa suggest that the poor tend to perceive body size and its health implications differently from people in the same cities with greater wealth and education (8). (cdc.gov)
- In addition to examining culturally desired body sizes among the poor in sub-Saharan Africa, it is also relevant to learn how people perceive their own body size and weight, because underestimation of body mass index (BMI) is prevalent in low-income settings (10) and may predict overweight or obesity (11). (cdc.gov)
- Young people were asked about how they perceive their body. (who.int)
- Royalty-free licenses let you pay once to use copyrighted images and video clips in personal and commercial projects on an ongoing basis without requiring additional payments each time you use that content. (istockphoto.com)
- A positive body image involves feeling content in your own skin. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Since then, she has accumulated over a million followers by promoting body positivity, enjoying her favorite foods, making "train with me" content and more. (eatingwell.com)
- Diversity in body shapes and sizes means that together we are stronger. (pilipino-express.com)
- The good news for this particular leaked image is that it isn't wearing the AT&T logo as the device in the last round of leaked images was. (slashgear.com)
- In some societies in sub-Saharan Africa, a larger body size is commonly assumed to reflect good health and higher social status and may thus be considered desirable (8,9). (cdc.gov)
- Many have beauty and image sessions or run 'look good' workshops. (cancer.ie)
- Body image, which is a term that describes how we see our own bodies, is very powerful and can affect our sense of confidence in both good and bad ways. (pilipino-express.com)
- All bodies are good bodies, and there is not one correct size or shape of any body part. (pilipino-express.com)
- Making certain the least possible amount of radiation needed to obtain a good quality image is used for your procedure. (cdc.gov)
- Brains of women with bulimia respond differently to women without bulimia when shown images of slim women. (kcl.ac.uk)
- The actress, who is celebrating her 84th birthday today, once opened up to Harper's Bazaar about her decades-long struggle with her body image, which led to a devastating battle with bulimia. (womenworking.com)
- Une étude transversale a été menée en 2009 sur un échantillon de 1933 adolescents âgés de 12 à 18 ans. (who.int)
- 225 adolescents using calibrated bal- body image may lead to further eating ance (Soehnle, sensitivity 500g) and a disorders, e.g. binge eating [3,7], even in Data collection stadiometer for height measurement the absence of overt mental pathology . (who.int)
- As in many areas of medicine, there are risks associated with the use of medical imaging which uses ionizing radiation to create images of the body. (cdc.gov)
- The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and examine perceptions of body size differentiated by sex and other determinants among slum dwellers in Nairobi, Kenya. (cdc.gov)
- We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine predictors of underestimation of body weight among overweight and obese respondents. (cdc.gov)
- In all BMI categories, more than one-third of women and men preferred body sizes classified as overweight or obese. (cdc.gov)
- This study highlights the prevalence of overweight and obesity and the strong preference for larger body size among adults in the slums of Nairobi. (cdc.gov)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is not used commonly in the diagnostic process for GBC. (medscape.com)
- Researchers report 85-95% of women are extremely dissatisfied with their bodies. (jenhatmaker.com)
- Harriger said body checking consists of constantly monitoring what the body looks like - not just in the mirror, but anything reflective. (pepperdine-graphic.com)
- People with a positive body image like and appreciate their bodies for all they can do. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Some people develop a negative body image in the midst of a personal crisis, tragedy, or difficult life transition. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- A new edition of Scientific American Mind has arrived with two freely available articles online: one on the distortion of body image in eating disorders and the other on whether brain scans could be a communication channel for people in coma-like vegetative states . (mindhacks.com)
- Adjusting to changes to your body can take time, but most people learn ways to live with their new normal. (cancer.ie)
- Most people have had one or more medical imaging tests. (cdc.gov)
- The two-year campaign is launching with a series of Hikaru's striking and sometimes surreal images, all painted directly onto the bodies of her models to create a lifelike 3D effect. (amnestyusa.org)
- How can we change the language we use about our bodies and create realistic and positive constructs for the next generation of women? (jenhatmaker.com)
- These are some of the illustrations painted on real bodies by Tokyo-based artist Hikaru Cho to kick-start " My Body My Rights ," Amnesty International's new global campaign on sexual and reproductive rights. (amnestyusa.org)
- Looking pretty means wearing clothes, makeup, and hairstyles that honor, glorify and respect the body that you have at this precious moment in time.In this article I will give you a few simple tips on how to look pretty now at your current age, size, and weight. (bellaonline.com)
- It's very possible that the next generation of children will grow up in a culture that's less obsessed with body size than we are. (goodtherapy.org)
- there is not one correct body shape or size. (pilipino-express.com)
- Parents have much influence over how their children feel about their bodies. (goodtherapy.org)
- What does it feel like to be in your body? (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Having a positive or negative body image does not mean you feel fantastic or awful about yourselves 100% of the time, but how you feel about our bodies in general. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Hurtful comments from classmates, peers, family, friends, and others can also cause us to feel inadequate about our bodies. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- If you feel self-conscious or less confident, it can affect many parts of your life - You may feel like you don't want to socialise or travel, it can affect your romantic and sexual relations or you may feel down and depressed in yourself, feel that you don't like your body or feel less feminine or masculine. (cancer.ie)
- There are also things you can do to feel better and manage changes to your body. (cancer.ie)
- In a society where a blemish or "bad hair" can ruin an otherwise perfect day and airbrushed abs dominate the magazine rack, many of us feel ashamed of our bodies. (guilford.com)
- For our Eating Well to Feel Well series, we sat down with Maher to learn more about her relationship with food, fitness and body image. (eatingwell.com)
- Depending on your medical needs, and realizing that the risk is very small, the doctor may feel that it is best to proceed with using a medical imaging procedure as planned. (cdc.gov)
- Practice self-compassion and treat your body with the same care you would treat your younger self. (yahoo.com)
Positive body image2
- The overall goal of any treatment is to accept your body and learn how to balance food and emotions. (eatright.org)
- Negative body image can also be an effect of being teased, bullied or criticized over your appearance or having a low or elevated body weight compared to others. (eatright.org)
- Consider your attitudes and beliefs surrounding food, weight, health, physical activity and your level of satisfaction with your body image. (eatright.org)
- For example, you may lose your hair, lose or gain weight, or have scarring or a more significant change to your body (e.g. losing a body part, for example, if you have had a breast removed). (cancer.ie)
- The ciliary body is a ring of tissue that encircles the lens. (medlineplus.gov)
- While these scans were being performed the women were shown images that included appetising food, slim women, control images and also a black cross, which provided a baseline signal. (kcl.ac.uk)
- I later learned that eating disorders can be attributed to a family problem and that it has a lot to do with control or lack thereof, poor self-image, and of course, the body message. (signalscv.com)
- Providing protective lead shielding to prevent exposing other areas of the body to radiation. (cdc.gov)
- Together, 'rie Shontel's three characters will heal their negative self images by boldly questioning cultural taboos in the black community. (brownpapertickets.com)
- Where Does Negative Body Image Come From? (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Negative body image can also surface when we aren't giving our bodies what they need. (yourlifeyourvoice.org)
- Parents may need to monitor the accounts children follow to ensure they are conducive to a positive relationship with food, physical activity and body image. (eatright.org)
- Hopelessness and depression, body image distress, religious attitude, and family and community support all contributed to shape the overall patient experience, including psychological and physical adjustment. (who.int)
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends discussing the benefits and risks of medical imaging procedures with your doctor. (cdc.gov)
- Anyway, this conversation came up many years ago when one of my dearest friends talked about her sadness over the way her daughter was beginning to view her body image. (signalscv.com)
- What are the risks of medical imaging procedures for pregnant women? (cdc.gov)
- Although some of the factors that influence perception of body image have been studied in developed countries, this topic remains largely unexplored in sub-Saharan Africa. (cdc.gov)
- For instance, "fifth graders who were largely insulated from older students reported more positive body experiences than those who interacted more fully with older schoolmates. (thecut.com)
- Perceptions of current and ideal body image were determined by using 18 silhouette drawings of body sizes ranging from very thin to very obese. (cdc.gov)