Body Fluids: Liquid components of living organisms.Needlestick Injuries: Penetrating stab wounds caused by needles. They are of special concern to health care workers since such injuries put them at risk for developing infectious disease.Blood-Borne Pathogens: Infectious organisms in the BLOOD, of which the predominant medical interest is their contamination of blood-soiled linens, towels, gowns, BANDAGES, other items from individuals in risk categories, NEEDLES and other sharp objects, MEDICAL WASTE and DENTAL WASTE, all of which health workers are exposed to. This concept is differentiated from the clinical conditions of BACTEREMIA; VIREMIA; and FUNGEMIA where the organism is present in the blood of a patient as the result of a natural infectious process.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from patients to health professionals or health care workers. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Ascitic Fluid: The serous fluid of ASCITES, the accumulation of fluids in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.Synovial Fluid: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE. It contains mucin, albumin, fat, and mineral salts and serves to lubricate joints.Exosomes: A type of extracellular vesicle, containing RNA and proteins, that is secreted into the extracellular space by EXOCYTOSIS when MULTIVESICULAR BODIES fuse with the PLASMA MEMBRANE.Counterimmunoelectrophoresis: Immunoelectrophoresis in which immunoprecipitation occurs when antigen at the cathode is caused to migrate in an electric field through a suitable medium of diffusion against a stream of antibody migrating from the anode as a result of endosmotic flow.Blood: The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (BLOOD VESSELS). Whole blood includes PLASMA and BLOOD CELLS.Metabolism, Inborn Errors: Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.Pleural Effusion: Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.Biological Assay: A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Universal Precautions: Prudent standard preventive measures to be taken by professional and other health personnel in contact with persons afflicted with a communicable disease, to avoid contracting the disease by contagion or infection. Precautions are especially applicable in the diagnosis and care of AIDS patients.Sarcina: A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria whose organisms divide in three perpendicular planes and occur in packets of eight or more cells. It has been isolated from soil, grains, and clinical specimens.Urine: Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Post-Exposure Prophylaxis: The prevention of infection or disease following exposure to a pathogen.Personnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Accidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Cerebrospinal Fluid: A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the CHOROID PLEXUS and circulates around the surface of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and in the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.Tissue Distribution: Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.Exudates and Transudates: Exudates are fluids, CELLS, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from BLOOD VESSELS usually from inflamed tissues. Transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE of TISSUES. Transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or PROTEINS.Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Semen: The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Proteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.Dehydration: The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins: Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister's Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)Plasma: The residual portion of BLOOD that is left after removal of BLOOD CELLS by CENTRIFUGATION without prior BLOOD COAGULATION.Extracellular Space: Interstitial space between cells, occupied by INTERSTITIAL FLUID as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. For organisms with a CELL WALL, the extracellular space includes everything outside of the CELL MEMBRANE including the PERIPLASM and the cell wall.Forensic Medicine: The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.Gloves, Protective: Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.Serum: The clear portion of BLOOD that is left after BLOOD COAGULATION to remove BLOOD CELLS and clotting proteins.Gloves, Surgical: Gloves, usually rubber, worn by surgeons, examining physicians, dentists, and other health personnel for the mutual protection of personnel and patient.Hypernatremia: Excessive amount of sodium in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)Blood Proteins: Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.Fluoroimmunoassay: The use of fluorescence spectrometry to obtain quantitative results for the FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE. One advantage over the other methods (e.g., radioimmunoassay) is its extreme sensitivity, with a detection limit on the order of tenths of microgram/liter.Tears: The fluid secreted by the lacrimal glands. This fluid moistens the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Milk, HumanImmunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Tumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Urinalysis: Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.Chromatography, Liquid: Chromatographic techniques in which the mobile phase is a liquid.Autopsy: Postmortem examination of the body.Microchemistry: The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Fluorometry: An analytical method for detecting and measuring FLUORESCENCE in compounds or targets such as cells, proteins, or nucleotides, or targets previously labeled with FLUORESCENCE AGENTS.Proteome: The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Centrifugation: Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Meningitis: Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Radioimmunoassay: Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Latex Fixation Tests: Passive agglutination tests in which antigen is adsorbed onto latex particles which then clump in the presence of antibody specific for the adsorbed antigen. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Metabolomics: The systematic identification and quantitation of all the metabolic products of a cell, tissue, organ, or organism under varying conditions. The METABOLOME of a cell or organism is a dynamic collection of metabolites which represent its net response to current conditions.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.

Inhibition by amiloride of sodium-dependent fluid reabsorption in the rat isolated caudal epididymis. (1/2095)

The rate of fluid reabsorption was studied in the rat isolated caudal epididymal sac in vitro. 2 Part of the fluid reabsorption was found to be dependent on intraluminal Na+. Amiloride (0.1 mM) completely inhibited this component of fluid reabsorption. 3 The log dose-inhibition curve to amiloride was sigmoid and the IC50 value was found to be 1.6 muM.  (+info)

Glutathione-independent prostaglandin D2 synthase in ram and stallion epididymal fluids: origin and regulation. (2/2095)

Microsequencing after two-dimensional electrophoresis revealed a major protein, glutathione-independent prostaglandin D2 synthase (PGDS) in the anterior epididymal region fluid of the ram and stallion. In this epididymal region, PGDS was a polymorphic compound with a molecular mass around 30 kDa and a range of pI from 4 to 7. PGDS represented 15% and 8% of the total luminal proteins present in this region in the ram and stallion, respectively. The secretion of the protein as judged by in vitro biosynthesis, and the presence of its mRNA as studied by Northern blot analysis, were limited to the proximal caput epididymidis. Using a specific polyclonal antibody raised against a synthetic peptide, PGDS was found throughout the epididymis, decreasing in concentration toward the cauda region. PGDS was also detected in the testicular fluid and seminal plasma by Western blotting. Castration and efferent duct ligation in the ram led to a decrease in PGDS mRNA and secretion. PGDS mRNA was not detected in the stallion 1 mo after castration, and it was restored by testosterone supplementation. This study showed that PGDS is present in the environment of spermatozoa throughout the male genital tract. Its function in the maturation and/or protection of spermatozoa is unknown.  (+info)

Cortisol in fetal fluids and the fetal adrenal at parturition in the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii). (3/2095)

Glucocorticoid hormones may play a critical role in initiating parturition in tammar wallabies. In this study, we investigated the concentration of cortisol in fetal fluids and cortisol production by fetal adrenals over the last 3 days of the 26-day pregnancy and within 24 h postpartum. The fetal adrenals almost doubled in size between Days 24 and 26 of pregnancy, and their cortisol content increased over 10-fold during this period, from 10 pg to over 100 pg per adrenal pair. After birth, neonatal adrenals continued to grow, but cortisol content fell dramatically to 20 pg. The prepartum increase in adrenal cortisol was reflected by a substantial rise in cortisol concentrations in yolk sac fluid, allantoic fluid, and fetal blood, which were below 10 ng/ml on Day 24 and rose to over 40 ng/ml by Day 26. Cortisol concentrations in neonatal blood decreased postpartum, mirroring decreased cortisol content in neonatal adrenals. Cortisol production by the fetal adrenal was stimulated in vitro by ACTH and prostaglandin E2, suggesting that the in vivo increase may be stimulated by release of ACTH from the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary axis and prostaglandin E2 from the placenta. These results indicate that increasing cortisol production by the fetal adrenal is a characteristic of late pregnancy in the tammar wallaby and support the suggestion that fetal cortisol may trigger the initiation of parturition in this marsupial species.  (+info)

Detection of viruses and body fluids which may contain viruses in the domestic environment. (4/2095)

The domestic environment was investigated for the presence of viruses and body fluids that may contain viruses. A range of surfaces in 39 homes (17 visited on 2 occasions) were sampled by swabbing and analysed using cell culture, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for enteroviral RNA, haemoglobin as a marker for blood, amylase as an indicator of urine, saliva and sweat, and protein as an indicator of general hygiene. Haemoglobin was found on 1.9% of surfaces sampled and of the positive samples 30% were from articles frequently handled. Amylase (> 5 U/l) was found in 29.3% of samples tested. Protein was found in 97.8% of samples tested. Enteroviral RNA, indicating the presence of virus, was detected in 3 out of 448 samples tested; they were from a tap handle, telephone handpiece and a toilet bowl. No viruses were isolated in cell culture, however significant problems were encountered with bacterial and fungal contamination. This work demonstrates that only testing environmental samples for bacteria and ATP may not give a total view of the microbiological problem in the home. A range of test methods is useful to gain a broad view of the problems of hygiene in the home and to allow comparative studies of specific areas such as the kitchen and bathroom.  (+info)

Long-term effects of growth hormone (GH) on body fluid distribution in GH deficient adults: a four months double blind placebo controlled trial. (5/2095)

OBJECTIVE: Short-term growth hormone (GH) treatment normalises body fluid distribution in adult GH deficient patients, but the impact of long-term treatment on body fluid homeostasis has hitherto not been thoroughly examined in placebo controlled trials. To investigate if the water retaining effect of GH persists for a longer time we examined the impact of 4 months GH treatment on extracellular volume (ECV) and plasma volume (PV) in GH deficient adults. DESIGN: Twenty-four (18 male, 6 female) adult GH deficient patients aged 25-64 years were included and received either GH (n=11) or placebo (n=13) in a double blind parallel design. METHODS: Before and at the end of each 4 month period ECV and PV were assessed directly using 82Br- and 125I-albumin respectively, and blood samples were obtained. RESULTS: During GH treatment ECV increased significantly (before: 20.48+/-0.99 l, 4 months: 23.77+/-1.38 l (P<0.01)), but remained unchanged during placebo administration (before: 16.92+/-1.01 l, 4 months: 17.60+/-1.24 l (P=0.37)). The difference between the groups was significant (P<0.05). GH treatment also increased PV (before: 3.39+/-0.27 l. 4 months: 3.71+/-0.261 (P=0.01)), although an insignificant increase in the placebo treated patients (before: 2.81+/-0.18 l, 4 months: 2.89+/-0.20 l (P=0.37)) resulted in an insignificant treatment effect (P=0.07). Serum insulin-like growth factor-I increased significantly during GH treatment and was not affected by placebo treatment. Plasma renin (mIU/l) increased during GH administration (before: 14.73+/-2.16, 4 months: 26.00+/-6.22 (P=0.03)) and remained unchanged following placebo (before: 20.77+/-5.13, 4 months: 20.69+/-6.67 (P=0.99)) leaving no significant treatment effect (P=0.08). CONCLUSION: The long-term impact of GH treatment on body fluid distribution in adult GH deficient patients involves expansion of ECV and probably also PV. These data substantiate the role of GH as a regulator of fluid homeostasis in adult GH deficiency.  (+info)

Advanced analysis of biotin metabolites in body fluids allows a more accurate measurement of biotin bioavailability and metabolism in humans. (6/2095)

In previous studies, the bioavailability of biotin in humans was estimated from the recovery of biotin in urine; urinary biotin was measured by microbial growth assays or assays of avidin-binding activity. These assays underestimate concentrations of biotin metabolites, which originate from beta-oxidation, sulfur oxidation or a combination. We have developed an HPLC/avidin-binding assay that is specific for biotin and its metabolites. With the use of the HPLC/avidin-binding assay, TLC and derivatization with p-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde, we have identified and quantitated biotin and metabolites in urine from six healthy adults. Of that total, biotin accounted for 32+/-12%, bisnorbiotin for 52+/-15%, bisnorbiotin methyl ketone for 7.9+/-5.8%, biotin-d,l-sulfoxide for 4.0+/-3.2% and biotin sulfone for 3.6+/-1.9%. After intravenous administration of 18.4 micromol of biotin, the urinary excretion of biotin metabolites increased 21-130 times above baseline values. Because the biliary excretion of biotin is quantitatively minor (1.9+/-0.2% of an intravenous [14C]biotin dose in rats), intravenously administered biotin is not exposed to intestinal microorganisms. Thus we conclude that biotin metabolites in human urine originate from biotin catabolism in human tissues rather than biotin catabolism by intestinal microorganisms. With the use of the HPLC/avidin-binding assay, we estimated the bioavailability of biotin in adults from the urinary excretion of biotin and metabolites after ingestion of 2.1, 8.2 and 81.9 micromol of biotin. These data provide evidence that biotin is nearly completely absorbed.  (+info)

Physiological variability of fluid-regulation hormones in young women. (7/2095)

We tested the physiological reliability of plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma concentrations of arginine vasopressin (P[AVP]), aldosterone (P[ALD]), and atrial natriuretic peptide (P[ANP]) in the early follicular phase and midluteal phases over the course of two menstrual cycles (n = 9 women, ages 25 +/- 1 yr). The reliability (Cronbach's alpha >/=0.80) of these hormones within a given phase of the cycle was tested 1) at rest, 2) after 2.5 h of dehydrating exercise, and 3) during a rehydration period. The mean hormone concentrations were similar within both the early follicular and midluteal phase tests; and the mean concentrations of P[ALD] and PRA for the three test conditions were significantly greater during the midluteal compared with the early follicular phase. Although Cronbach's alpha for resting and recovery P[ANP] were high (0.80 and 0.87, respectively), the resting and rehydration values for P[AVP], P[ALD], and PRA were variable between trials for the follicular (alpha from 0.49 to 0.55) and the luteal phase (alpha from 0.25 to 0. 66). Physiological reliability was better after dehydration for P[AVP] and PRA but remained low for P[ALD]. Although resting and recovery P[AVP], P[ALD], and PRA were not consistent within a given menstrual phase, the differences in the concentrations of these hormones between the different menstrual phases far exceeded the variability within the phases, indicating that the low within-phase reliability does not prevent the detection of menstrual phase-related differences in these hormonal variables.  (+info)

Transport of fluid by lens epithelium. (8/2095)

We report for the first time that cultured lens epithelial cell layers and rabbit lenses in vitro transport fluid. Layers of the alphaTN4 mouse cell line and bovine cell cultures were grown to confluence on permeable membrane inserts. Fluid movement across cultured layers and excised rabbit lenses was determined by volume clamp (37 degrees C). Cultured layers transported fluid from their basal to their apical sides against a pressure head of 3 cmH2O. Rates were (in microliter. h-1. cm-2) 3.3 +/- 0.3 for alphaTN4 cells (n = 27) and 4.7 +/- 1.0 for bovine layers (n = 6). Quinidine, a blocker of K+ channels, and p-chloromercuribenzenesulfonate and HgCl2, inhibitors of aquaporins, inhibited fluid transport. Rabbit lenses transported fluid from their anterior to their posterior sides against a 2.5-cmH2O pressure head at 10.3 +/- 0.62 microliter. h-1. lens-1 (n = 5) and along the same pressure head at 12.5 +/- 1.1 microliter. h-1. lens-1 (n = 6). We calculate that this flow could wash the lens extracellular space by convection about once every 2 h and therefore might contribute to lens homeostasis and transparency.  (+info)

*Body fluid

... , bodily fluids, or biofluids are liquids within the bodies of living people. In normal healthy men, the total body ... Intracellular fluid Extracellular fluid Intravascular fluid (blood plasma) Interstitial fluid Lymphatic fluid (sometimes ... Universal precautions and safer sex practices try to avoid exchanges of body fluids. Body fluids can be analyzed in medical ... Pericardial fluid Peritoneal fluid Pleural fluid Pus Rheum Saliva Sebum (skin oil) Serous fluid Semen Smegma Sputum Synovial ...

*Body fluids in art

... or aircraft of liquid body fluids due to the fluids' possible classification as dangerous goods. The sale of blood art via eBay ... Occasionally in contemporary art, artists use body fluids as a medium in their art. Examples include: Depicting objects of ... in art which includes body fluids can trigger public protests due to such material's historic association with dirtiness. The ... is prohibited as eBay prohibits the sale of body parts, and classifies blood art as falling under this heading. New materials ...

*Salt and cardiovascular disease

Evidence for renal control of body fluid distribution in man". Hypertension. 4 (2): 190-7. doi:10.1161/01.HYP.4.2.190. PMID ... Relevant to risk of cardiovascular disease, salt is highly involved with the maintenance of body fluid volume, including ... Andersson, Bengt (1977). "Regulation of body fluids". Annual Review of Physiology. 39 (1): 185-200. doi:10.1146/annurev.ph. ... The human body has evolved to balance salt intake with need through means such as the renin-angiotensin system. In humans, salt ...

*Traditional Chinese medicine

"Body Fluids (Yin Ye)". copyright 2001-2010 by Sacred Lotus Arts. Retrieved 3 March 2011. "津液包括各脏腑组织的正常体液和正常的分泌物,胃液、肠液、唾液、关节液等。习 ... of all physical processes in the body, especially the circulation of all body fluids such as blood in their vessels. This ... Closely related to xuě are the jīnyė (津液, usually translated as "body fluids"), and just like xuě they are considered to be yin ... There are disharmony patterns of qi, xuě, the body fluids, the zàng-fǔ, and the

*Kavalan language

... body fluid); tool sam-CV-: pretend saqa-: ordinal (numeral) si-: wear, own, possess sia-: go towards (place/direction); go to ... body discharge) with control u-: agent-focus; non-human numeral Suffixes -a: irrealis patient-focus marker -an: locative-focus ... discharge something from the body mri-: settle down; to shrink, huddle up mrim-: a division of (a numeral) nan-: two people ( ... do something to protect a body part; every (time) qa-: immediate future; ride, take (means of transportation) qa- -an: place of ...

*Immune system

Hankiewicz J, Swierczek E (Dec 1974). "Lysozyme in human body fluids". Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical ... The ability to mount these tailored responses is maintained in the body by "memory cells". Should a pathogen infect the body ... In humans, the blood-brain barrier, blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, and similar fluid-brain barriers separate the peripheral ... The T cell then travels throughout the body in search of cells where the MHC I receptors bear this antigen. When an activated T ...

*Hooded scaly-foot

Body fluids are then licked up. Scaly-foots move through lateral undulations of their bodies and tails, and in open terrain ... Usually, it has 120 or more ventral scales, which are in a paired series, much larger than the adjacent body scales. Body ... Once caught, larger prey is crushed and disabled as the hooded scaly-foot rotates its body rapidly, in a crocodile-roll fashion ... The hind-limb flaps are held alongside the body during movement, although they may be extended when stressed or when climbing. ...

*Liquid

Body fluids are water based solutions. Surfactants are commonly found in soaps and detergents. Solvents like alcohol are often ... The speed of sound in a fluid is given by c = K / ρ {\displaystyle c={\sqrt {K/\rho }}} where K is the bulk modulus of the ... A liquid is a fluid. Unlike a solid, the molecules in a liquid have a much greater freedom to move. The forces that bind the ... A liquid, like a gas, displays the properties of a fluid. A liquid can flow, assume the shape of a container, and, if placed in ...

*Workplace health surveillance

... blood and body fluid exposures; musculoskeletal injuries from patient handling activities; slips, trips, and falls; and ... The most important tool is biomonitoring, which indicates the total body burden of a hazardous chemical in a worker by means of ...

*Oral ecology

"Saliva: The Precious Body Fluid." J Am Dent Assoc 139.suppl_2 (2008): 5S-10. 10 Oct 2008. Dreher, Nancy. "What you need to know ... "Saliva: The Precious Body Fluid." Robert Gandola, email. Dreher, Nancy. "What you need to know about mono." Favot, Christa. " ... Although saliva does a lot to keep our bodies healthy, it cannot completely keep all bacteria from adhering to tooth, tongue or ... Unlike most other places in or on the body, the mouth does not desquamate (shed). A tooth's distinct surface and stagnant ...

*Acrosin

377-387 Laurell, M; Christensson, A; Abrahamsson, PA; Stenflo, J; Lilja, H (1992). "Protein C inhibitor in human body fluids. ...

*Protein C inhibitor

Laurell M, Christensson A, Abrahamsson PA, Stenflo J, Lilja H (April 1992). "Protein C inhibitor in human body fluids. Seminal ... Deficiency of protein C in inhibitor in human body may cause male infertility.Protein C inhibitor has a great role in ... Protein C inhibitor (PCI) is serine protease inhibitor of serpin type that is found in most tissues and fluids, including blood ...

*Vasopressin

It is widely distributed throughout the body and remains in the extracellular fluid. It is degraded by the liver and excreted ... Vasopressin regulates the tonicity of body fluids. It is released from the posterior pituitary in response to hypertonicity and ... thus returning the tonicity of the body fluids toward normal. An incidental consequence of this renal reabsorption of water is ... Angiotensin II stimulates AVP secretion, in keeping with its general pressor and pro-volumic effects on the body. Atrial ...

*Neuroendocrinology

They influence and regulate mood, body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis, and blood pressure. The neurons of the neuroendocrine ... They control the body's response to stress and infection. They regulate the body's metabolism, influencing eating and drinking ... body fluid homeostasis and neuroendocrine control". Molecular Brain Research. 30 (1): 53-60. doi:10.1016/0169-328X(94)00272-G. ... "Neuroendocrine Control of Body Fluid Metabolism". Physiological Reviews. 84 (1): 169-208. doi:10.1152/physrev.00017.2003. ISSN ...

*Norepinephrine

Antunes-Rodrigues J, de Castro M, Elias LL, Valença MM, McCann SM (January 2004). "Neuroendocrine control of body fluid ... and plays a role in the control of body fluid metabolism. Noradrenergic cell group A2 is located in a brainstem area called the ... Glucose is the body's main energy source in most conditions. In the pancreas, increased release of glucagon, a hormone whose ... Chronic stress, if continued for a long time, can damage many parts of the body. A significant part of the damage is due to the ...

*Pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis

Comabella Manuel; Montalban Xavier (2014). "Body fluid biomarkers in multiple sclerosis". The Lancet Neurology. 13 (1): 113-126 ... "Cerebrospinal Fluid B Cells Correlate with Early Brain Inflammation in Multiple Sclerosis". PLoS ONE. 3 (7): e2559. Bibcode: ... Plasma Cells in the cerebrospinal fluid of MS patients could also be used for diagnosis, because they have been found to ... "Cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin G promotes oligodendrocyte progenitor cell migration. ;;J Neurosci Res.;; 2004 Aug 1;77(3): ...

*Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion

Antunes-Rodrigues, J; de Castro, M; Elias, LL; Valença, MM; McCann, SM (January 2004). "Neuroendocrine control of body fluid ... in some hypothalamic cells there are osmoreceptors which respond to hyperosmolality in body fluids by signalling the posterior ... Normally there are homeostatic processes in the body which maintain the concentration of body solutes within a narrow range, ... Long-term fluid restriction of 1,200-1,800 mL/day may maintain the person in a symptom free state. Moderate and symptomatic ...

*Multiple sclerosis research

Existing damage was evaluated and correlated with body fluids. Thanks to the courage of these volunteers, now we know that in ... Though biomarkers are normally assumed to be chemical compounds in body fluids, image can also be considered a biomarker. For ... Comabella Manuel; Montalban Xavier (2014). "Body fluid biomarkers in multiple sclerosis". The Lancet Neurology. 13 (1): 113-126 ... Zbysek, Pavelek (2016). "Proteomic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and clinically ...

*Abiogenesis

Archibald Macallum noted the resemblance of body fluids such as blood and lymph to seawater; however, the inorganic composition ... Macallum, A. B. (1 April 1926). "The Paleochemistry of the body fluids and tissues". Physiological Reviews. Bethesda, MD: ... Hydrothermal fluids rich in H2S interacting with cold primordial ocean (or Darwin's "warm little pond") water leads to the ... Furthermore, these bodies may expand (by insertion of additional lipids), and under excessive expansion may undergo spontaneous ...

*Wound licking

Baron S, Singh I, Chopra A, Coppenhaver D, Pan J (November 2000). "Innate antiviral defenses in body fluids and tissues". ... "Biochemical composition of human saliva in relation to other mucosal fluids". Crit. Rev. Oral Biol. Med. 6 (2): 161-75. doi: ...

*SantaCon

Take your body fluids and public intoxication elsewhere." The Los Angeles Times reported that "some see [SantaCon] as a way for ...

*Brilyante

The keeper can also manipulate all body fluids. It can also give its wielder an aqua shield. It can make an aqua barrier to ... It can also locate others through body heat. This gem can give the ability to command all kinds of dragons. This gem is ...

*Amoxicillin

... diffuses easily into tissues and body fluids. Penetration into the central nervous system increases in meningitis. ...

*CSF glucose

Lillian A. Mundt; Kristy Shanahan (2010). Graff's Textbook of Routine Urinalysis and Body Fluids. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ... CSF glucose or glycorrhachia is a measurement used to determine the concentration of glucose in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The ... Seehusen DA, Reeves MM, Fomin DA (September 2003). "Cerebrospinal fluid analysis". Am Fam Physician. 68 (6): 1103-8. PMID ...

*Ritual purification

Ritual uncleanliness is not identical with ordinary physical impurity, such as dirt stains; nevertheless, body fluids are ... Part of the cleansing process would be washing the body and clothes, and the unclean person would need to be sprinkled with the ... The greater form (ghusl) is completed by first performing wudu and then ensuring that the entire body is washed. Some minor ... An important part of ritual purification in Hinduism is the bathing of the entire body, particularly in rivers considered holy ...

*Avid Radiopharmaceuticals

Other diagnostic tools, such as analysis of cerebrospinal fluid, magnetic resonance imaging scans looking for brain shrinkage ... established Avid Radiopharmaceuticals in July 2005 with the goal of finding a dye that could be injected into the body, would ...
In forensic investigations, human biological traces have great potential to serve as strong evidence in placing a suspect at the scene of a crime. In cases where activities leading to the deposition of an individuals biological materials are disputed, the identification of body fluids and tissues may be crucial. Current catalytic, enzymatic and immunological techniques used to identify body fluids present numerous limitations such as lack of sensitivity and specificity. Hence, forensic scientists are constantly seeking exciting, novel methods to identify and analyse body fluids and aid in the reconstruction of crime scenes. Recently, DNA methylation-based markers have emerged as a reliable tool for identification of body fluids. Genome-wide methylation analysis using high throughput DNA technologies has discovered numerous differentially methylated regions (tDMRs) that differ in levels of methylation in various cell types and tissues. tDMRs may be unmethylated in particular body fluids/tissues ...
Exosomes are 40-100 nm sized vesicles released from cells when multivesicular bodies fuse with the plasma membrane. These vesicles take part in cell-to-cell communication by binding and signalling through membrane receptors on cells or by transferring proteins, RNA, and lipids into the cells. Exosomal RNA in body
Clinical Chemistry is a subdivision of Biochemistry, which addresses the analytical testing of human body fluids in health and disease. The results of clinical chemistry tests can be used to assist the physician in making a diagnosis, monitoring a therapeutic regimen, determining a prognosis, and even (in some cases) as evidence in forensic cases. In this issue, Adam Shirley and co-authors report on the making of a fluorescent assay to measure the concentration of Immunoglobulin E in human body fluids. They offer their insights on how this assay might be incorporated into a working hospital clinical lab. In another article, Tammy Shaw and co-authors review the hormones that regulate glucose metabolism and a variety of pathologies, which affect the blood glucose levels. An algorithm for diagnosing these pathologies is given. In still another article, Erika Harmon Pratte and her co-authors describe the biochemistry and mechanisms of toxicity for four poisons that were popularly used to assassinate ...
DI-fusion, le Dépôt institutionnel numérique de lULB, est loutil de référencementde la production scientifique de lULB.Linterface de recherche DI-fusion permet de consulter les publications des chercheurs de lULB et les thèses qui y ont été défendues.
Sepsis diagnostic test - The invention relates to a method for the extracorporeal qualitative or semi-quantitative determination of the amount of indicators for the systemic inflammatory response system (SIRS) or sepsis in the blood, blood serum, blood plasma, other body fluids or lavages or their constituents of human or animal subjects. In order to provide a test which is better than that of the prior art, with which the presence and/or the severity of SIRS or sepsis can be rapidly, economically, reliably and reproducibly determined in a sample, such as blood serum of a patient. To this end, the inventive method has the following steps in which: a cell line is prepared in a culture; in at least one first preparation, cells of the cell line are brought into contact with blood, blood serum or blood plasma, other body fluids or lavages or their constituents of a human or animal subject to be examined, and into contact with a reagent that reacts to reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI), and enters ...
A type 2 excludes note represents "not included here". A type 2 excludes note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition it is excluded from but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. When a type 2 excludes note appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code (R83-R89) and the excluded code together ...
Special Instructions for Cleaning and Decontamination Against HIV on Surfaces/ Objects Soiled with Blood/Body Fluids on precleaned environmental surfaces/objects previously soiled with blood/body fluids in health care settings (or other settings in which there is an expected likelihood of soiling of inanimate surfaces/objects with blood or body fluids, and in which the surfaces/objects likely to be soiled with blood or body fluids can be associated with the potential for transmission of HIV): Personal Protection: When handling items soiled with blood or body fluids, use appropriate barrier protection such as disposable latex gloves, gowns, masks or eye coverings. Cleaning Procedure: Blood and other body fluids must be thoroughly cleaned from surfaces and objects before application of this disinfectant. Contact Time: Spray surface to be treated 3-4 seconds, from a distance of 6-8 inches, until surface is wet. Allow spray to dry without wiping or allow spray to contact treated surface for a ...
Universal Precautions are a set of guidelines which have been developed to protect workers who are exposed to blood and other body fluids. Healthcare workers work on the presumption that all blood and body fluids are in fact infectious, and follow the "rules" whenever in contact with them.. The precautions involve hand washing immediately there is contact, the routine wearing of protective clothing and gloves, following such infection control measures that are designed to place a barrier between potentially infectious blood or body fluids and employees, adherence to work practices, and procedures for the transport and handling of infectious materials.. Whether or not a patient/client is known to be infectious, anyone coming into contact with blood and bodily fluids should cover exposed cuts and abrasions, particularly on the hands and fingers, with waterproof dressings, and take care to prevent puncture wounds, cuts and abrasions from sharps. Such accidents should be treated immediately by ...
The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids ...
Fluid balance is an aspect of the homeostasis of organisms in which the amount of water in the organism needs to be controlled, via osmoregulation and behavior, such that the concentrations of electrolytes (salts in solution) in the various body fluids are kept within healthy ranges. The core principle of fluid balance is that the amount of water lost from the body must equal the amount of water taken in; for example, in humans, the output (via respiration, perspiration, urination, defecation, and expectoration) must equal the input (via eating and drinking, or by parenteral intake). Euvolemia is the state of normal body fluid volume, including blood volume, interstitial fluid volume, and intracellular fluid volume; hypovolemia and hypervolemia are imbalances. Water is necessary for all life on Earth. Humans can survive for 4 to 6 weeks without food but only for a few days without water. Profuse sweating can increase the need for electrolyte replacement. Water-electrolyte imbalance produces ...
About AIDS. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) caused by the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) which attack the immune system of the human body. The disease was first recognized in the year 1981. It was first identified by the name of AIDS on 27th of July in the year 1982.. HIV infection can be easily transmitted from one person to the other if they have contacted ever directly through the mucous membrane, bodily fluid or blood. In the earlier period, there was a lot of social stigma for the people with HIV/AIDS. According to the estimate, it has been noted that around 33 million people have been infected with the HIV and 2 million people died because of it each year.. HIV is a virus which attacks the T-cells of the immune system and causes the disease known as AIDS. It is found in the human body fluids like blood, semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk of the infected person which can be passed to others by a direct contact like blood transfusion, oral ...
3β,7α-Dihydroxyandrost-5-en-17-one (1) (7α-OH-DHEA) and its 7β-hydroxy epimer 2 (7β-OH-DHEA) - 7α- and 7β-hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone - were detected and quantified in three human body fluids: in blood serum, saliva and ejaculate. Specific radioimmunoassay and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry have been used. For the first time the data on changes of these dehydroepiandrosterone metabolites are reported for a representative group of healthy subjects of both sexes (172 females and 217 males) during the life span. The serum levels of both 7-hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone epimers in serum and also in semen were in the low nanomolar range, while concentrations by one order of magnitude lower were found in saliva, but still within the detection limit. The results will serve as a basis for comparative studies of 7-hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone levels under various pathophysiological conditions, with a particular respect to autoimmune disorders. Keywords: Steroids; Hormones; Metabolites; ...
This thesis provides results from affinity based studies where human body fluids were profiled to find markers for neurological diseases. Both proteins and autoantibodies were analysed using microarray technologies that can profile hundreds of analytes and hundreds of samples in parallel using small sample volumes. A central element in this work was to develop and apply new methods to study cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is the fluid in direct contact with the brain. CSF contains proteins reflecting the physiological state of the central nervous system and therefore offers a unique insight into proteins associated to neurological disorders. As a complement to CSF, bloodderived samples such as serum and plasma, were also investigated as these represent potential sources of disease related proteins. The work presented here summarises the development of assay protocols to study protein and autoantibodies in CSF and blood using planar and bead-based microarrays.. In Paper I, an antibody-based ...
These secrete perspiration, the evaporation of which assists control human body temperature. Perspiration also incorporates little amounts of sodium chloride, cholesterol, aluminum, and urea; it Hence plays a task in regulating the composition of human body fluids. The dermis also is made up of most of the skins blood vessels and nerves, which includes sensory nerve endings that respond to contact, stress, heat, chilly, and soreness. The pores and skin hence also serves as a way organ that permits somebody to adjust to switching environmental ailments. Just one closing function from the skin may be article source the synthesis of vitamin D, a compound essential to development and servicing, specially of bone. Vitamin D is shaped from the action of sunlight on certain cholesterol compounds inside the dermis. Destruction on the pores and skin by deep or considerable burns can disrupt all of these capabilities, subjecting the victim to significant complications ...
The following information was provided by EPA in conjunction with the opportunity for public comment on the draft indicators for ACE3, which ran from March 8 - April 21, 2011. The public comment period is now closed.. Biomonitoring is the measurement of chemicals in human body fluids and tissues, such as blood, urine, breast milk, saliva, and hair. By obtaining measurements of pollutants in children, biomonitoring can be used to evaluate childrens exposure to environmental contaminants. Determining the levels of pollutants in women who may become pregnant, currently are pregnant, or currently are breastfeeding can be used to evaluate exposure to developing fetuses and infants.. The draft indicators for Americas Children and the Environment, Third Edition (ACE3) include biomonitoring indicators that were developed using data collected as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The ACE3 ...
In vitro diagnostics (IVD) are medical devices and accessories used to perform tests to detect diseases and infections by examining specimens of human body fluids such as urine, blood, tissues, stool, etc. It helps diagnose, and determine health condition in order to cure, treat or prevent from diseases or sequelae,...
Three indole alkaloids that possess differing degrees of psychotropic/psychedelic activity have been reported as endogenous substances in humans; N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), 5-hydroxy-DMT (bufotenine, HDMT), and 5-methoxy-DMT (MDMT). We have undertaken a critical review of 69 published studies reporting the detection or detection and quantitation of these compounds in human body fluids ...
Description: Results of laboratory tests conducted to determine the presence or absence of a variety of abuse drugs such as opiates, alkaloids, barbiturates, amphetamines, and hypnotics in human body fluids of patients who voluntary participate in programs intended to terminate the use of abusive drugs.. Retention: 3 years. ...
Urinalysis and Body Fluids CRg Unit 4 Synovial Fluid Synovial Fluid Composition and formation Secreted by cells of synovial membrane Very viscous, clear ultrafiltrate of plasma Contains Hyaluronic acid
This chapter reviews the evidence on virus load in various body fluids and the findings are considered in relation to virus transmission. The value of anti-HIV antibodies in assessing HIV infection is discussed in this chapter. The transmission of HIV by genital fluids is more likely through virus-infected cells than free virus since cells can be present in higher numbers than free infectious virus in these body fluids. The risk of HIV transmission is increased with high levels of virus in the body fluids and the number of contacts an individual has with a body fluid. The receptive partner in sexual transmission is most at risk. In women, cells in the cervix or within the endometrium can be infected. In men and women, the infection site can involve bowel mucosal cells or lymphocytes and macrophages present in the rectum. The insertive partner may be infected by cells along the urethral canal or associated with the prepuce. Risk of HIV infection by blood depends on the level of infectious virus in this
Provided are electrokinetically-altered fluids (e.g., gas-enriched (e.g., oxygen-enriched) electrokinetic fluids) comprising an ionic aqueous solution of charge-stabilized oxygen-containing nanostructures in an amount sufficient to provide, upon contact with a cell, modulation of at least one of cellular membrane potential and cellular membrane conductivity. Further provided are the methods of making the electrokinetically-altered ionic aqueous fluid compositions. Particular aspects provide for regulating or modulating intracellular signal transduction associated by modulation of at least one of cellular membranes, membrane potential, membrane proteins such as membrane receptors, including but not limited to G-Protein Coupled Receptors (GPCR), and intercellular junctions (e.g., tight junctions, gap junctions, zona adherins and desmasomes). Other embodiments include particular methods of producing the electrokinetically-altered fluids. The electrokinetically-altered fluid compositions and methods
The inflammation, as the general reaction, of gastric mucosa seems to be the same. The role of inflammation in the development of different diseases was suggested by Hyppocrates (B.C. 460-377), who stated that the changes in the blood flow and other body fluids are caused by local irritations of organs („ubi stimulus, idi fluxus"). The appearence of classical inflammation were given by Aulus Cornelius Celsus ( B.C. 25- A.C. 50 ) as „tumor,calor, dolor, rubor" and Claudius Galenos (A.C. 129-200/201) gave the last basic parameter of the inflammation as „functio laesa" to the previously mentinoned characteristic medical phenomena.These terminological questions were accepted by Wirchow in the 19th centrury, and many other famous researchers in our days ...
The Vis-NIR spectrum measured by the two InSitu Composition spectrometers is used for the analysis of fluid hydrocarbon composition, GOR, CO2, water content, and mud filtrate contamination.
It is believed that between people, Ebola disease spreads only by direct contact with the blood or other body fluids of a person who has developed symptoms of the disease. Body fluids that may contain Ebola viruses include saliva, mucus, vomit, feces, sweat, tears, breast milk, urine and semen. The WHO states that only people who are very sick are able to spread Ebola disease in saliva, and whole virus has not been reported to be transmitted through sweat. Most people spread the virus through blood, feces and vomit. Entry points for the virus include the nose, mouth, eyes, open wounds, cuts and abrasions. Ebola may be spread through large droplets; however, this is believed to occur only when a person is very sick. This contamination can happen if a person is splashed with droplets. Contact with surfaces or objects contaminated by the virus, particularly needles and syringes, may also transmit the infection. The virus is able to survive on objects for a few hours in a dried state, and can ...
NCERT Solutions for Class 11-science Biology CBSE, 18 Body Fluids And Circulation. All the solutions of Body Fluids And Circulation - Biology explained in detail by experts to help students prepare for their CBSE exams.
To the Editors: Why students have misconceptions about the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in health care settings is easy to understand (1). The short, tragic history of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic is replete with underappreciation by "the experts" of the potential risks of transmission associated with various body fluids. The number of persons who developed AIDS after receiving a blood transfusion at the start of the epidemic is a case in point.. Granich and Mermin (1) criticize the misconception among medical students that HIV could be transmitted through aerosolization of body fluids. Just this past week ...
... are minerals in your blood and other body fluids that carry an electric charge. Electrolytes affect how your body functions in many ways, including:The amount of water in your bodyThe acidity of your blood (pH)Your muscle functionOther important processes You lose electrolytes when you sweat. You must replace them by drinking fluids...
DEAR DR. ROACH: My husband was hospitalized with congestive heart failure. He returned home, grew weaker, and after three days was diagnosed with severe dehydration and passed away the following day. How can that happen so quickly? Can medication be a factor? Please explain how the body organs are affected by severe dehydration.
The human body includes both organic minerals, e.g., hemoglobin (red blood cells) contain iron, many amino acids and proteins contain sulfur, as well as inorganic minerals, e.g., salt-sodium chloride-in the blood, lymphatic fluids, and many other body fluids, which includes metallic and non-metallic minerals.. Obviously, you would die without hemoglobin (organic iron) and salt (inorganic sodium, a metal/mineral). Additionally, the body can certainly use inorganic iron; see Fomon et al. [1995], Abrams et al. [1996], and Cook and Reddy [1995] for experimental verification.. However, table salt is 98% sodium chloride [an unnatural chemical form of salt that your body recognizes as something completely foreign] - no trace minerals, no natural balance. Ordinary table salt is a chemical as clean as Heroin or White Sugar. It almost always contain additives, like 0.01% of potassium-iodide, a chemical form of iodine (added to the salt to avoid iodine deficiency disease of the thyroid gland), sugar (added ...
Press Release issued Mar 9, 2017: In-vitro diagnostics (IVD) are used to detect diseases, infections, and conditions and also monitor a persons state of health and therapeutic procedures by examining specimens derived from the human body such as tissue, blood, stools, urine and the other body fluids. The In-Vitro Diagnostics Market Global Briefing provides strategists, marketers and senior management with the critical information they need to assess the global in-vitro diagnostics market.
Electrolytes dont make your body run, but they do make it run smoothly. As our CEO Tim demonstrates, like a battery operating, these minerals in your blood and other body fluids stimulate voltages that carry electrical impulses - in the form of nerve impulses and muscle contractions - across your cells. This electric
This study is designed to assess the sensitivity and specificity of ROM PLUS- a rapid, point of care, qualitative immunochromatographic test for the detection (in vitro) of amniotic fluid in cervico-vaginal secretions of women with suspected rupture of membranes (ROM) during pregnancy. The ROM PLUS detects a specific Combo protein present in amniotic fluid of pregnant women in all trimesters of pregnancy. This specific protein combo is unique and found only in amniotic fluid, therefore can be used as a specific marker for the diagnosis of ROM. This biomarker is an isoform of a similar biomarkers called Amni-Sure and ActimProm and was recently approved by the FDA for clinical use. Like these protein markers ( AmniSure or ActimProm) which have been used to diagnose PROM, this particular protein isoform tested for ROM PLUS is in low concentration in other body fluids such as maternal blood, cord blood, urine and semen ...
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary: Cell-mediated immunity (CMI) plays an important role in host resistance to diseases. Recent studies show that CMI is mediated by soluble factors called cytokines which are secreted by lymphocytes and macrophages. In chickens, progress in understanding cell-mediated immunity is hampered by inability to assay cellular response of chickens. In this study, ARS scientists developed the first in vitro assay to assess a cytokine called interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) which is produced by activated T cells. This assay uses specific mouse monoclonal antibodies (mabs) which detect chicken IFN-gamma and can be used to measure IFN-gamma production in serum and in other body fluids in chickens. Since IFN-gamma plays an important role in CMI, the ability to measure this cytokine in various biological samples will enhance scientists ability to assess chicken cellular responses to vaccines and infectious agents. This will enable the poultry industry to use more effective ...
Laboratory tests are performed using only laboratory equipment and agents from trusted manufacturers. Laboratory testing is a very important tool for identifying changes in human health, prescribing treatment, assessing its effects, etc. Tests are prescribed and evaluated by the treating physician, who takes into account the patients state of health and health disorders. We also encourage patients to arrive for preventive checks.. Clinical tests are general laboratory tests of blood, urine and other body fluids. Automatic blood and urine testing includes some of the major analyses performed almost every time you visit a doctor. Sometimes, a more detailed examination of blood or urine is required, then a microscopic examination of individual blood components and urine is performed, and the condition of cells is evaluated. If necessary, the doctor will prescribe a microscopic examination of the stool - a coprogram. Clinical tests also include the tests of prostate secretions, sperm, synovial ...
An extremely rare case of female-to-female sexual transmission of HIV has been reported in the United States. The report concerns a 46-year-old woman who appears to have acquired HIV during a six-month monogamous HIV serodiscordant sexual relationship with a 43-year-old woman. The newly diagnosed woman had no other risk factors for HIV and phylogenetic analysis revealed that the viruses the two women have are closely related. The case is reported in the March 14 edition of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. "This report describes a case of HIV transmission likely by sexual contact between female partners," comment the authors. "Other risk factors for HIV transmission were not reported by the newly infected woman, and the viruses infecting the two women were virtually identical.". Confirmed cases of female-to-female transmission of HIV via sexual contact are extremely rare. However, possible modes of female-to-female transmission during sex include exposure to vaginal or other body fluids, ...
a) Identification. An alpha-1-glycoproteins immunological test system is a device that consists of the reagents used to measure by immunochemical techniques alpha-1-glycoproteins (a group of plasma proteins found in the alpha-1 group when subjected to electrophoresis) in serum and other body fluids. Measurement of specific alpha-1-glycoproteins may aid in the diagnosis of collagen (connective tissue) disorders, tuberculosis, infections, extensive malignancy, and diabetes.. (b) Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to §866.9.. [47 FR 50823, Nov. 9, 1982, as amended at 65 FR 2312, Jan. 14, 2000]. ...
TNFRSF4 (Human) ELISA Kit is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for quantitative detection of human TNFRSF4 in cell culture supernatants, serum, plasma or other body fluids. (KA2267) - Products - Abnova
Organization, w. H. Kim, j. M. Ruppert, k. Tokino, y. C. expire viagra patent Tsai, c. H. Spruck iii, n. Schrantz, n. Yin, et al.: Loss of nuclear dna is synthesized from endothelial cells to highgrade dysplasia. Intracerebral inoculadon of jcv in primary melanomas, it is also seen in uncomplicated cases with psm from an inadvertent or unrecognized ureteral injury is especially important if there is an example) contain more multiantennary structures than the cancer cell lines transformed with oncogenic viruses pick up the proximal skin tube over a catheter that was implanted in the case in rodents. Different views are : Hco4 in posterior chamber iol implantation refers to the pyjamas (or clothes when used in the edges of the isthmus as well, and probably also in other body fluids or tissues or native substances may contribute to decision-making about treatment options. More work needs to be removed. A number of reasons: Lack of information about the duration of intercourse. His plasma creatinine ...
Immunoassays: Tests for the detection of Immunological substances like Antigens and Antibodies in the Blood and other body fluids which may indicate the presence of and stage of diseased condition for Diagnosis, Prognosis and Monitoring of Infections and Diseases ...
Hepatitis C Virus: is a virus that causes inflammation of the liver. It is can be passed onto others through blood and other body fluids. This infection ca | Page 2
... is a 3-color mixture of monoclonal antibodies with carefully selected fluorescence intensities designed to simultaneously determine, in peripheral blood, bone marrow and other body fluids, the major lymphocyte subpopulations including total T-cells (CD3+), B-cells (CD19+) and NK-cells (CD3- CD56+) as well as helper (CD3+ CD4+) and cytotoxic (CD3+ CD8+) T-cell subsets ...
Msir medication - Swab drug test how long does it take for cocaine and morphine sulfate to get out your system? 8 days ; 8-12 days. Cocaine may be detected in urine and other body fluids through chromatography upto 8 days. Morphine sulfate may be detected upto 8-12 days.
First cloned in 1989 10 , VCAM-1 is an inducible cell surface protein of vascular endothelial cells. It is normally absent on resting cells, but is readily induced by a wide variety of inflammatory factors, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1), bacterial lipo-polysaccharide (LPS), and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) 11,12 . At sites of inflammation, VCAM-1 can be cleaved from cell surface as soluble VCAM-1 (sVCAM-1) that can be detected in serum and other body fluids. VCAM-1 has been implicated in the.... ...
... virus (HBV) spreads from person to person through blood or other body fluids. A vaccine is approved for people of all ages to prevent HBV infection.
... virus (HBV) spreads from person to person through blood or other body fluids. A vaccine is approved for people of all ages to prevent HBV infection.
A biopsy is the removal of tissue, blood, urine or other body fluids. Doctors order different types of tests depending on the types of information needed....
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads through blood or other body fluids, and can lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer. The most common way people become infected is by sharing drug paraphernalia.
Awareness of dangers relating to cross infection from blood or other body fluids has been raised considerably with the ongoing presence of Aids and other easily
Acidity of the body indicates the concentration of acid in the body fluids. On the other hand, alkalinity of the body, means the capacity of the body fluids, like blood, saliva, urine, to neutralize the acids.. Our body needs these fluids for the most vital functions, like digestion, transporting nutrients and oxygen throughout the body, protection and overall lubrication of the body.. The levels of acids must be kept at a specific range to prevent harming the body.. The term pH stands for "potential hydrogen", and it measures the concentration of hydrogen-ions in the body fluids. The official pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. Body fluids with higher pH level are richer with oxygen and more alkaline.. On the contrary, body fluids with lower pH level are less oxygenated and more acidic. 7.0 is regarded to be the neutral pH level.. ...
A device for aspirating body fluids comprising, a valve assembly having a first port to receive body fluids, a second port for passage of the body fluids from the valve assembly, and a passageway communicating between the first and second ports. The valve assembly has one-way valve means associated with the passageway to permit passage of body fluids from the first port to the second port and prevent passage of body fluids from the second port to the first port. The device has port means communicating with the passageway intermediate the valve means and first port, with the port means being normally closed to prevent contamination of the device, and being openable to permit passage of fluid through the port means to the first port.
2. Keep the source or patient available for HIV, Hepatitis B antigen and Hepatitis C ab testing.. 3. Contact Occupational Health Services at (314) 362-3528. After hours, call (314) 871-2966 and listen carefully for instructions.. All exposures to human blood and body fluids are to be reported immediately to the Health Service, which maintains a 24-hour reporting system.. ...
View PROTEIN DETECTION for MB.BS.pptx from AA 1PROTEIN DETECTION Dr.Sajida Parveen Shaikh OBJECTIVES Define proteins List major body proteins in various body fluids. Proteinuria State Principle of
Developed by the CAP Hematology and Clinical Microscopy Resource Committee based on more than 20 years of proficiency testing, Color Atlas of Body Fluids covers the anatomy and formation, as well as the collection and preparation, of cerebrospinal fluid; pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial fluids; and synovial fluid. The book contains numerous photomicrographs and illustrations along with brief write-ups to highlight the most important features of various cell types. Includes detailed
Developed by the CAP Hematology and Clinical Microscopy Resource Committee based on more than 20 years of proficiency testing, Color Atlas of Body Fluids covers the anatomy and formation, as well as the collection and preparation, of cerebrospinal fluid; pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial fluids; and synovial fluid. The book contains numerous photomicrographs and illustrations along with brief write-ups to highlight the most important features of various cell types. Includes detailed
1: Cancer Biomarkers in Body Fluids: Principles de Gabriel D. Dakubo en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 3319015796 - ISBN 13: 9783319015798 - Springer - 2016 - Tapa dura
By learning a bit more about these body fluids, we can develop a deeper appreciation for the beauty and complexity of our own biology.
According to Dr. McGregor, any infection can be "potentially" life threatening to the baby. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) poses a major risk to pregnant women who are around babies and young children. So, moms who are child care providers, daycare workers, preschool teachers, therapists, and nurses need to take extra precautions as preschoolers are the majority of carriers. CMV is present in saliva, urine, feces, tears, blood, mucus and other bodily fluids. You cannot catch CMV by simply being in the same room with someone, unless bodily fluids are exchanged. Additionally, there is no information to indicate CMV is transmitted in the air. ...
According to Dr. McGregor, any infection can be "potentially" life threatening to the baby. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) poses a major risk to pregnant women who are around babies and young children. So, moms who are child care providers, daycare workers, preschool teachers, therapists, and nurses need to take extra precautions as preschoolers are the majority of carriers. CMV is present in saliva, urine, feces, tears, blood, mucus and other bodily fluids. You cannot catch CMV by simply being in the same room with someone, unless bodily fluids are exchanged. Additionally, there is no information to indicate CMV is transmitted in the air. ...
Hydraulic fluids are a very large class of materials that are used in machines and equipment to transfer pressure from one point to another.� They are used in many ways including all fluids for car automatic transmissions, brakes, and power steering.� Hydraulic fluids are also used in many machines like tractors and other farm equipment, forklift trucks, bulldozers, and other construction equipment, and airplanes.
What other tips do I need to know? It is not necessary to "sterilize" the skin with alcohol before inserting the needle. In reality, wiping a little alcohol on the skin does not really sterilize it, and the odor and feel of alcohol may aggravate your cat. Many cats will taste the alcohol and begin to drool profusely. Most cats tolerate fluid administration quite well. However, if the fluids are unusually cold or hot, they may be uncomfortable. Ideally, they should be at about body temperature. However, as long as they are at room temperature most cats are fine. Do not refrigerate them. As the fluids are running, a lump will form under the skin. Do not be alarmed; this is the pocket of fluid that will be absorbed over several hours. If absorption is slow, gravity may cause the fluids to migrate downward. They could move under the skin of the front or rear legs. However, if this happens, they will still be absorbed.. There is no problem if a few bubbles of air are injected under the skin. If quite ...
This thesis focuses on the use of molecularly imprinted polymers as selective sorbents for solid-phase extraction (MISPE). The MISPE methods developed were mainly intended for use with biological samples, such as human urine and blood plasma. These body fluids are complex samples, which often need an effective clean-up step before analysis to reduce the levels of possible interfering substances from the matrix, especially if the analytes are present in trace amounts. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) is a well-established and routinely used method for clean-up and preconcentration of samples from diverse matrices. However, conventional SPE sorbents often lack selectivity, leading to co-extraction of interferences, which negatively affects the following detection method. One of the advantages of MISPE is the built-in selectivity for a target analyte, or class of structurally related analytes, enabling the efficient clean-up that is often required for biological samples. The built-in selectivity of ...
Water is a major requirement of living organisms. Biochemical life processes within the cells and tissues of the body require the presence of water. In fact, the majority of the bulk of the human body (about [Read More ...] ...
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Active fluids are a novel class of non-equilibrium complex fluids with examples across a wide range of biological and physical systems such as flocking animals, swarming microorganisms, vibrated granular rods, and suspensions of synthetic colloidal swimmers.
Water-based fluids are used for the hydraulic fracturing process. These contain up to two percent chemical additives and a proppant to hold new fractures open.
We all know that CKD patients can not have too much fluids intake for it can cause kidney metabolism burden, leading to more serious symptoms, but fluids are necessary to support the normal life of human body. Then how much fluids intake is
We seem to be conditioned to give 20ml/kg to every child. My approach is a little less aggressive. I aim at 5ml/kg if the child is very unwell and crashing. I then review and give it a little time ( that may only be minutes) before more fluids are given. The point is, unless the child is crashing we dont have to give large volumes, we can pull back a little. The recommendations look at tolerating a systolic blood pressure of (70 + 2 x age)mmHg. We must remember that kids dont have much room, when they decompensate and that hypotension is a late sign. However it is this very group of children that we may be harming. If the blood pressure is OK, leave them be. If you really have to give fluids ( because it is so conditioned that its an automatic reflex), give 1ml/kg and wait ...
Some scans require no preparation while others require you to fast from food up to 4 hours before the procedure. Fluids are acceptable.. For some examinations you may need to drink a litre of water an hour before you arrive, while others you may need to have 3 special drinks. These drinks enable us to look closely at your bowel and other organs within the abdomen. These instructions will be explained to you when your appointment is made.. If you use reading glasses please bring them. Non-English speaking patients to bring a companion who speaks or reads English. Patient with Diabetes - please bring a list of your diabetes mediations. Before the examination, you may be asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding your health status, medications and any known allergies.. ...
Ageing is an obvious process, which is not under our control, but we all want to prevent it. There are various body components, which act as anti-ageing agents, but their underproduction may lead to early aging. Human body is quite intricate with various balanced and complex chemical reactions that sustain life and growth. Here, we have discussed some of the changes that...
Benefits of Laser Vision Surgery There is a rise in more complex diseases involving various body parts despite having rapid developments in the field of
Buy Bioderma White Objective Fluid at Rs. 2700 (Flat 20% off) from Nykaa. Check out Bioderma White Objective Fluid reviews. COD and Free Shipping. ✓COD ✓Free Shipping
According to the Polish Ministry of Health decree, the medical devices and all raw materials used for their manufacturing are in force to be compatible with biological tissues, cells and body fluids regarding its clinical use. It is defined as biocompatibility. The scope of the methods proposed in the norm PN-EN ISO 10993-1 makes possible to get full preclinical characteristics of the medical device and allows to form the opinion about safety of it to the patients after its marketing. The test directed as the principal to make, independently on characteristics, kind, contact duration and clinical use of the device is cytotoxicity in vitro ...
Malaise, indicating loss of brain or whole organism can have the full range of causes. It manifests as impairment of the ability to concentrate on the observed object or gentle movement, need to rest after undemanding activities, problems with holding upright position. One of the most common reasons is insufficient fluid intake. In this case, malaise is associated with headache, and mostly not long after time helps supply the body fluids. Malaise is a symptom of increased temperature or fever, but here it is associated with other symptoms depending on the disease that caused the fever. Itself as a diagnostic marker is not enough. If the malaise frequent and in compliance with proper drinking and sleep mode, thus no obvious reason, we should pay more attention. May indicate a malfunction some glands producing hormones or problem in the central nervous system. Centers in the brain can be damaged by widespread oppression of cerebral blood vessels, tumors of the brain tissue or accessory structures may
HOW do you investigate airflow inside a living lung? The problem is beyond conventional medical imaging techniques, which only show body fluids or solid ti
For purification of viral DNA from up to 200ul serum, plasma samples, cell free body fluids of human origin and rinse liquid from swabs and stool samples on a 96-well format using a centrifuge. ...
The information to construct every protein in an organism is found in the DNA, but not every protein is generated at once or in an identical quantity. order essay The solution lies in a particular group of cells that possess the ability to create electrical activity by themselves. There are two main varieties of cells.. Whenever your body fluids contain an excessive amount of acid, its called acidosis. They carry chemicals necessary to blood clotting. A cell is directed to commit suicide as soon as a vital aspect is eliminated from the extracellular environment or as soon as an internal signal is activated.. order essay The very first step in receiving the perfect treatment is to go to a physician or mental health professional, like a psychiatrist or psychologist. Not everybody is likely to share exactly the same strengths. It summarizes the whole cardiac cycle so, were likely to take it one step at one time and get a good comprehension of whats going on.. Teachers have thousands of ...
Your kidneys produce urine; filter waste from your blood; produce hormones, balance body fluids and salts; and adjust levels of minerals and other chemicals
A compound is provided for inactivating viral, bacterial or other contamination in cells, body fluids or fractions thereof. The compound comprises a psoralen with a single substituent that is either a
It is the process of examining body fluids or tissue for evidence of chemicals taken or not taken. It does not diagnose addiction however this a combination of criteria etc.
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A community-focussed journal, Fluids and Barriers of the CNS provides a dedicated platform to share research encompassing all molecular, physiological, ...
A community-focussed journal, Fluids and Barriers of the CNS provides a dedicated platform to share research encompassing all molecular, physiological, ...
65-116a. Definitions. As used in K.S.A. 65-116a through K.S.A. 2016 Supp. 65-129f, and amendments thereto:. (a) "Blood" means human blood, human blood components and products made from human blood.. (b) "Health officer" means the secretary of health and environment or the secretarys designee and all local health officers.. (c) "Infectious and contagious diseases" means those diseases so designated by the secretary of health and environment pursuant to K.S.A. 65-128, and amendments thereto.. (d) "Occupational exposure" means skin, eye, mucous membrane or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that might result from the performance of an employees duties.. (e) "Other potentially infectious materials" means: (1) The human body fluids including semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in ...
Lysozyme molecule. Computer graphic of a molecule of lysozyme, showing its complex three-dimensional structure. Lysozyme is an anti-bacterial enzyme widely distributed in human body fluids, including tears and saliva. It is also found in egg white and plant latex. Lysozyme disrupts the polysaccharide components of bacterial cell walls, leaving them susceptible to destruction. Researchers are establishing which parts of the lysozyme molecule are effective against bacteria. Molecular graphics like this are calculated from X-ray diffraction studies of the substance. Photographed at the Pasteur Institute, Paris. - Stock Image A605/0092
Spinning of cellulose acetate (CA) with the additive polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) solvent under different conditions was investigated. The spinning parameters of air gap, bore fluid composition, flow rate of bore fluid, and quench bath temperature were optimized based on the orthogonal experiment design (OED) method and multivariate analysis. FTIR and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the membrane structure and morphology. Based on the conjoint analysis in Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) software, the importance of these parameters was identified as: air gap | bore fluid composition | flow rate of bore fluid | quench bath temperature. The optimal spinning condition with the bore fluid (water + NMP (85%)), air gap (25 mm), flow rate of bore fluid (40% of dope rate), and temperature of quench bath (50 °C) was identified to make high PVP content, symmetric cross-section and highly cross-linked CA hollow fibers. The results can be used to
Of particular interest in many embodiments of the subject invention are surface modification layers made up of 2-mercaptoethane ethane sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, e.g. 2-mercaptoethane sulfonate sodium.. The working and reference electrodes as described above may be fabricated using any convenient protocol. A representative protocol includes preparation of the metal electrodes by first sputtering the metal layer of sufficient thickness onto the surface of the inert backing material. Next, the electrode(s) to be surface modified, or at least the metallic surface that is to be modified, to have the surface modification layer is contacted with a fluid composition, e.g. an aqueous organic solution, of the self-assembling molecule. Contact may be achieved by any convenient means, including submersion slot coating, grevure printing of the electrode into the composition. The concentration of the self-assembling molecule in the fluid composition typically ranges from about 0.5 to 1%, usually from ...
0020] The stabilizing agent of the property control packages of the present invention may be used to control the swelling of the clay derivative in order to reach a preferred swelling amount and to reduce the clay derivatives migration into formation pores. It may also serve to adhere to formation fines or formation cuttings created during drilling operations to aide in carrying them to the surface for removal. Suitable stabilizing agents for use in the property control packages of the present invention may include, but are not limited to, non-aqueous tackifying agents, aqueous tackifying agents, emulsified tackifying agents, silyl-modified polyamide compounds, resins, crosslinkable aqueous polymer compositions, polymerizable organic monomer compositions, stabilizing agent emulsions, zeta-potential modifying aggregating compositions, silicon-based resins, and binders. Combinations and/or derivatives of these also may be suitable. Nonlimiting examples of suitable non-aqueous tackifying agents may ...
Hepatitis A is an infection which causes inflammation of the liver and is caused by viruses that are transmitted via sexual contact, infected blood, semen and vaginal fluids. It does occur in the UK but is more common in countries that have poor sanitation and sewage disposal. The incubation period is two and six weeks.. Hepatitis B is a virus that is present in body fluids such as blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluid, it is 100 times more infectious than HIV so many people do not realise they have been infected. This is because symptoms may not develop immediately and sometimes not at all.. Hepatitis C is a blood-borne viral infection and can rarely be transmitted through other body fluids, such as through having unprotected sex. Approximately 20% of people will fight the infection naturally and clear it from their bodies within two to six months.. ...
1. Plasma volume, packed cell volume (PCV), blood volume, extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) and Evans blue disappearance rate were measured in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats and in weight-matched Wistar normotensive rats.. 2. Over the weight range studied (250-350 g), plasma and blood volumes were significantly lower in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. Extracellular fluid volumes were similar in the two groups. PCV arid Evans blue disappearance rates were significantly higher in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.. 3. Negative correlations were obtained between plasma volume and mean arterial pressure and between the plasma/interstitial fluid volume ratio and mean arterial pressure.. 4. the normal extracellular fluid volume and the lack of correlation with mean arterial pressure excludes volume expansion as a pressor mechanism during the established phase of hypertension in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.. ...
It is believed that between people, Ebola disease spreads only by direct contact with the blood or other body fluids of a person who has developed symptoms of the disease. Body fluids that may contain Ebola viruses include saliva, mucus, vomit, feces, sweat, tears, breast milk, urine and semen. The WHO states that only people who are very sick are able to spread Ebola disease in saliva, and whole virus has not been reported to be transmitted through sweat. Most people spread the virus through blood, feces and vomit. Entry points for the virus include the nose, mouth, eyes, open wounds, cuts and abrasions. Ebola may be spread through large droplets; however, this is believed to occur only when a person is very sick. This contamination can happen if a person is splashed with droplets. Contact with surfaces or objects contaminated by the virus, particularly needles and syringes, may also transmit the infection. The virus is able to survive on objects for a few hours in a dried state, and can ...
The aim is the test is to identify the infectious agent causing the infections. According to the study by the Stanford University School of Medicine, definitive diagnosis depends on cultures of blood or other normally sterile body fluids. Abnormal hematological counts, acute-phase reactants, and inflammatory cytokines are neither sensitive nor specific, especially at the onset of illness. Combinations of measurements improve diagnostic test performance, but the optimal selection of analytes has not been determined. The best-established use of these laboratory tests is for retrospective determination that an infant was not infected, based on failure to mount an acute-phase response over the following 24 to 48 hours(43 ...
Most adenoviruses bind directly to the coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) on target cells in vitro, but recent research has shown that adenoviruses can also use soluble components in body fluids for indirect binding to target cells. These mechanisms have been identified upon addressing the questions of how to de- and retarget adenovirus-based vectors for human gene and cancer therapy, but the newly identified mechanisms also suggest that the role of body fluids and their components may also be of importance for natural, primary infections. Here we demonstrate that plasma, saliva, and tear fluid promote binding and infection of adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) in respiratory and ocular epithelial cells, which corresponds to the natural tropism of most adenoviruses, and that plasma promotes infection by Ad31. By using a set of binding and infection experiments, we also found that Ad5 and Ad31 require coagulation factors IX (FIX) or X (FX) or just FIX, respectively, for efficient binding and infection. ...
The invention concerns an absorbent for blood and serous body fluids consisting of at least two components, A and B, whereby component A is a crosslinked synthetic or natural polymer or copolymer, and component B is an organic and/or inorganic compound which is water-soluble and solid at normal temperature. The absorbent contains 25 to 98 weight % of component A and 2 to 75 weight % of component B. The invention, moveover, concerns the use of the said absorbent for absorption and/or retention of blood and serous body fluids, in particular in absorbent throwaway articles for surgical, medical and hygienic purposes.
Antibodies (also called immunoglobulins) are large Y-shaped proteins that can stick to the surface of bacteria and viruses. They are found in the blood or other body fluids of vertebrates. Antibodies are the key element in the adaptive immune system. The antibody recognizes a unique part of the foreign target called an antigen.[1][2] Each tip of the "Y" of an antibody contains a structure (like a lock) that fits one particular key-like structure on an antigen. This binds the two structures together. Using this binding mechanism, an antibody can tag a microbe or an infected cell for attack by other parts of the immune system, or can neutralize its target directly.[3] The production of antibodies is the main function of humoral immunity.[4][5]. Each antibody is different. They are all designed to attack only one kind of antigen (in practice, this means virus or bacteria). For instance, an antibody designed to destroy smallpox is unable to hit the bubonic plague or the common cold. Though the ...
Specimen: Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF). Container(s): CSF collection tubes. Preferred Vol: 10-20 mL; volume dependent on blast count Minimum Vol: dependent on blast count; consult lab. Note: Specimens for CSF Malignancy Workup must be coordinated with Pathologist/Cell Markers Laboratory prior to collection to ensure testing availability and adequate specimen collection.. For further information, contact Hematopathology (Cell Markers) at 206-987-2560 or Pathology 987-2103. Note: this test is for CSF workups only - for bone marrow, peripheral blood, or other body fluids, see separate listing(s). peripop ...
Ethanol Assay Kit: Colorimetric & Fluorometric Assay for Accurate Quantification of Ethanol in a variety of Biological Samples such as Serum, Plasma, other Body Fluids, Food, Beverages, Growth Media etc. Rapid, Simple & Sensitive. Detection Range: ~10-800
ADV is a highly contagious Parvovirus (composed mainly of protein DNA) with differing strains and strengths characterized by a persistent viral infection which causes a huge increase in antibodies found in the blood known as hypergammaglobulinemia, and has been around since the late 1960s. The antibodies combine with ADV and are deposited within tissues of multiple organs in the body causing inflammation. Unlike other viruses, the body is not able to initiate an effective immune response to fight the virus. The virus can very be spread through feces, urine, saliva and other body fluids as well as transmitted by human contact. Once clinical signs are present (renal failure, weight loss, splenomegaly, neurological symptoms like seizures and clotting abnormalities), disease will progress claiming the life of the ferret, usually within a few months.﻽ ...
Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Lorma Medical Center now offers other necessary laboratory tests and treatments, like RIA, thyroid uptake, and radioactive iodine therapy, in addition to body scans.. * FT3, FT4. RIA stands for Radioimmunoassay. This is a laboratory test used to measure the concentration of biological substances such as enzymes, hormones, steroids, and vitamins in blood, urine, saliva, or other body fluids. RIA is an important research tool and has been used in hospitals to help diagnose diabetes, thyroid disorders, hypertension, reproductive problems, and other disorders.. Other Procedures. ...
In 1988, CDC published guidelines for managing patients with suspected viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) (1). Pending a comprehensive review of the 1988 guidelines, this notice provides interim recommendations that update the 1988 guidelines for health-care settings in the United States. This update applies to four viruses that cause syndromes of VHF: Lassa, Marburg, Ebola, and Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever viruses; although the risk and/or mode of nosocomial transmission differs for each of these viruses, the limited data do not permit clear distinctions. Background In Africa, transmission of VHF has been associated with reuse of unsterile needles and syringes and with provision of patient care without appropriate barrier precautions to prevent exposure to virus-containing blood and other body fluids (including vomitus, urine, and stool). The risks associated with various body fluids have not been well defined as most caregivers who acquired infection had multiple contacts with multiple fluids. ...
Polyethylene wear is a significant clinical problem limiting the long-term survival of joint replacement prostheses, particularly in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Although the tribology of joint replacement has consequently become an area of significant research, the effect of joint fluid on lubrication in the replaced joint has been largely overlooked. Several factors that affect the tribology of metal on polyethylene articulation in joint prostheses stem from the fluid lubricating the joint. In particular, the properties and composition of joint fluid likely contribute to fluid film lubrication and boundary lubrication in joint replacements, as they do in natural joints. The primary objective of this thesis is to examine the effect of natural variation in joint fluid composition and properties on friction, lubrication, and wear in joint arthroplasty. To achieve this goal, several parameters relating to the composition and mechanical properties of joint fluid ...
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of invasive infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serotype and antimicrobial susceptibility of invasive pneumococci isolated at 14 different centers in Turkey between January 2011-April 2012. Totally 79 clinical isolates from invasive infections were investigated, which were isolated from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (33, 42%), blood (31, 39%) and the other sterile body fluids (15, 19%). Susceptibility to penicillin, cefotaxime and erythromycin was determined by E-test (bioMerieux, France) according to CLSI standards. Latex agglutination method was used for determination of serogroups. Serotypes were determined by the capsular swelling (Quellung reaction) method (Denmark, Statens Serum Institute). It was found that most common serotypes among 79 strains were 19 F (12, 15%), 6 A (7, 9%), 23 F (5, 6%), 6 B (4, 5%), 19 A (4, 5%) and 3 (4, 5%). For all invasive pneumococcal diseases, during the first 2 years of age, the potential coverage rates ...
In salt-sensitive hypertension, a rise of body fluid volume via increased water absorption from high salt intake causes an elevation of body fluid osmolarity. Quercetin has been tested on Dahl rats, a salt-sensitive hypertensive strain of rat in which a high salt intake causes hypertension easily (50). The rats were given a daily dose of 10 mg/kg of quercetin which significantly suppressed the high salt intake induced increase in systolic blood pressure. The rats also showed an increased volume of urine and NaCl excretion into the urine with no effect on plasma aldosterone level (51-52).. Quercetin reduces mRNA expression of the pore-forming subunit of ENaC and thus regulates the amount of Na+ reabsorption occurring in the kidneys, this is a primary regulator of blood pressure via the determination of body fluid volume (53). Specifically, the action of ENaC and amounts expressed at the apical membrane of the renal collecting ducts directly controls blood pressure (54-55). Thus this is one way in ...
The investigators have recently developed a novel aerosol-based imaging technique to detect changes in liquid absorption in the airways - a central pathophysiological process known to be important in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. This technique may provide a measure of disease severity and indication of therapeutic correction in advance of currently available outcome measures. It involves the simultaneous delivery of two radiopharmaceuticals by inhalation: one an absorbable small-molecule (Indium-111 labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid; In-DTPA) and the other a non-absorbable particle (Technetium 99m labeled sulfur colloid; Tc-SC). The overarching hypothesis is that In-DTPA absorption provides a quantifiable, non-invasive measurement of airway liquid absorption that (a) is sensitive to CF genotype, (b) uniquely identifies basic disease phenotype and predicts disease severity, and (c) is modulated by therapeutic interventions ...
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys. The first large outbreak of disease caused by Zika infection was reported from the Island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia) in 2007. Sexual transmission of Zika virus has been confirmed with other modes of transmission being investigated. The incubation period of Zika virus disease is not well defined but is likely to be a few days - similar to other arbovirus infections such as dengue. A diagnosis of Zika virus infection can only be confirmed through laboratory tests on blood or other body fluids, such as urine, saliva or semen.. In 2015, an association between Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly was reported. Now, a comprehensive review, confirms that the Zika virus is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Some evidence exists that other neurological disorders are linked with Zika infection. ...
In vertebrates, the essential amino acid L-tryptophan is the precursor of 5-methoxyindoles, or indolamines/tryptamines, including melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), through the intermediate serotonin (5-HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine) and the activity of hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT) [14]. In mammals, melatonin is synthesized in the pineal gland, predominantly during the night-time, although it can be also produced in other organs, such as retina, gastrointestinal tract, lymphocytes and bone marrow cells. Conversely, light at night has an inhibitory effect on pineal melatonin biosynthesis which is initiated by the uptake of tryptophan from the circulation into pinealocytes [15]. Once synthesized, melatonin is not stored in the pineal cells, but it is released into the bloodstream with a circadian rhythm, from which it reaches other body fluids, including urine, saliva, cerebrospinal fluid, bile, semen and amniotic fluid [16, 17]. The circadian rhythm of melatonin secretion is ...
Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver due to viral infections and there are groups of viruses that affects the liver of which hepatitis B and C viruses are the causative agents of sever form of liver disease with high rate of mortality. Medical waste handlers who undergo collection, transportation, and disposal of medical wastes in the health institutions are at risk of exposure to acquire those infections which transmit mainly as a result of contaminated blood and other body fluids including injury with sharp instruments, splash to the eye or mucous membrane. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B and/or C viruses and associated risk factors among medical waste handlers. A cross-sectional study was conducted from April, 2011 to June, 2011 in government health institutions at Gondar town. Socio-demographic and possible risk factors data from medical waste handlers were collected using pre-tested and well structured questionnaires. Venous bloods were collected and the

Cleaning Up Body Fluid Spills on Pool Surfaces | Healthy Swimming | Healthy Water | CDCCleaning Up Body Fluid Spills on Pool Surfaces | Healthy Swimming | Healthy Water | CDC

Cleaning Up Body Fluid Spills on Pool Surfaces. Cdc-pdf. [PDF - 1 page] ... Body fluids, including blood, feces, and vomit are all considered potentially contaminated with bloodborne or other germs. ... Cleaning Up Body Fluid Spills on Pool Surfaces. ... Cleaning Up Body Fluid Spills on Pool Surfaces. *Vomit & Blood ... Therefore, spills of these fluids on the pool deck should be cleaned up and the contaminated surfaces disinfected immediately. ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/swimming/pools/cleaning-body-fluid-spills.html

Fat, Body FluidFat, Body Fluid

Body Fluid,ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and ... BD Visitec Subretinal Fluid Instruments. 8. Subretinal Fluid Cannula. 9. 10K™ Fluid Management System. 10. Fluid Control 2203. ... Storz Fluid Filter - 0.2 micron. 2. Storz Fluid Filter - 0.45 micron. 3. Subretinal Fluid Cannula - Curved. 4. Subretinal Fluid ... Viscous Fluid Cannula. 6. BD Visitec Fluid Collection Products. 7. ...
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Cancer Biomarkers in Body Fluids | SpringerLinkCancer Biomarkers in Body Fluids | SpringerLink

The molecular and genetic signatures of cancer are represented in the peripheral circulation and other body fluids, giving rise ... body fluid biomarkers cancer management noninvasive diagnosis protein targets tissue-specific body fluids ... The molecular and genetic signatures of cancer are represented in the peripheral circulation and other body fluids, giving rise ... metabolites and lipids are present in body fluids as free, cell surface bound or enclosed in membrane vesicles, and are being ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-319-01580-4

Body Fluids News, Research - Page 2Body Fluids News, Research - Page 2

However, should the fluid obtained in the drainage implanted after surgery be tested using the liquid biopsy technique rather ... Growth hormone acts directly on the brain to conserve energy when the body loses weight Researchers at the University of São ... also acts directly on the brain to conserve energy when the body loses weight. ...
more infohttps://www.news-medical.net/?tag=/Body-Fluids&page=2

Body Fluid Exposures Differential DiagnosesBody Fluid Exposures Differential Diagnoses

Blood and any body fluid visibly contaminated with blood should be considered capable of transmitting hepatitis B virus (HBV), ... encoded search term (Body%20Fluid%20Exposures) and Body Fluid Exposures What to Read Next on Medscape. Medscape Consult. ... Body Fluid Exposures Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Jul 12, 2017 * Author: Muhammad Waseem, MBBS, MS, FAAP, FACEP, FAHA; ... Blood or body fluid exposures and HIV postexposure prophylaxis utilization among first responders. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2009 Jan ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/782611-differential

Lactate DehydrogenaseTotal, Body FluidLactate DehydrogenaseTotal, Body Fluid

Body Fluid,ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in innovative laboratory research and ... Storz Fluid Filter - 0.2 micron. 9. Storz Fluid Filter - 0.45 micron. 10. Subretinal Fluid Cannula - Curved. 11. Subretinal ... Lactate, Body Fluid. 5. Lactate, CSF. 6. Lactate, Plasma. 7. QC 463 EQUIL® Plus with Glucose and Lactate Control. 8. ...
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Patent US7041067 - Body fluid sampler - Google PatentsPatent US7041067 - Body fluid sampler - Google Patents

... a sampling location positioned accurately within a light path for detecting an amount of a desired constituent within fluid ... A sampling apparatus for sampling body fluid includes a sampler having an external geometry selected to mate with an internal ... A body fluid collection apparatus is carried on the sampler. The body fluid collection apparatus includes a needle sized to ... Interstitial fluid collection and constituent measurement. US5879310 *. Sep 6, 1996. Mar 9, 1999. Integ, Inc.. Body fluid ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US7041067?dq=inassignee:doubleclick

Patent US6614522 - Body fluid sampler - Google PatentsuchePatent US6614522 - Body fluid sampler - Google Patentsuche

... a sampling location positioned accurately within a light path for detecting an amount of a desired constituent within fluid ... A sampling apparatus for sampling body fluid includes a sampler having an external geometry selected to mate with an internal ... A body fluid collection apparatus is carried on the sampler. The body fluid collection apparatus includes a needle sized to ... 7. A fluid sampler for collecting a body fluid from a patient for subsequent testing for constituents, the fluid sampler- ...
more infohttp://www.google.de/patents/US6614522

Patent US7731900 - Body fluid testing device - Google PatentsPatent US7731900 - Body fluid testing device - Google Patents

... for analyzing a body fluids, comprising a test media tape (30) adapted to collect the body fluid, a supply portion (100) ... Another aspect is a testing device and method that employs illumination of a test medium at the site for body fluid application ... An important aspect is a tip portion (20) for exposing a test medium to body fluid application. The application further ... the exposure portion being adapted to expose a section of the test media tape to the body fluid. ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US7731900?dq=6078894

Medical Xpress - body fluidsMedical Xpress - body fluids

Bodily fluid. Bodily fluids are liquids that are inside the bodies of animals. They include fluids that are excreted or ... New study determines how long Zika remains in body fluids. A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine provides ... Eleven body fluids we couldnt live without. How is a human being like a fish? ... New research from the University of Alberta shows that body fluids such as saliva may hold the keys to understanding a persons ...
more infohttps://medicalxpress.com/tags/body+fluids/

Blood and Body Fluid PrecautionsBlood and Body Fluid Precautions

... Topic Overview. What are blood and body fluid precautions?. Blood and body fluid precautions ... Are blood and body fluid precautions always needed?. The best practice is to always use blood and body fluid precautions, even ... Blood and body fluid precautions apply to blood and other body fluids that contain visible traces of blood, semen, and vaginal ... How can you reduce your risk of exposure to blood and body fluids?. Blood and body fluid precautions involve the use of ...
more infohttps://www.rexhealth.com/rh/health-library/document-viewer/?id=tv7778spec

Body Fluid Testing - AACC.orgBody Fluid Testing - AACC.org

despite the difficulties of off-label body fluid testing, it remains a powerful clinical tool when used appropriately and the ... What Are Off-Label Body Fluids?. Off-label body fluids refer to any fluid type other than those cited by the manufacturer of a ... synovial fluid, and drainage and dialysis fluids, among others. The pathological accumulation of these body fluids occurs due ... For non-validated body fluid test orders, the on-call resident is charged with reviewing the patient medical record and ...
more infohttps://www.aacc.org/publications/cln/articles/2015/october/body-fluid-testing-what-you-should-know-before-you-hit-go

Eleven body fluids we couldnt live withoutEleven body fluids we couldn't live without

By learning a bit more about these body fluids, we can develop a deeper appreciation for the beauty and complexity of our own ... Along with blood and semen, menstrual fluid is one of the body fluids with the strongest psychological and cultural overtones. ... These include amniotic fluid, cerebrospinal fluid and the fluids that lubricate the surface of the heart and lungs, the ... Blood is just one of the body fluids we need to survive. Blood bag via www.shutterstock.com. * Email ...
more infohttp://theconversation.com/eleven-body-fluids-we-couldnt-live-without-49568

Body Fluid Identification by RNA Expression ProfilingBody Fluid Identification by RNA Expression Profiling

A novel strategy for the identification of the body fluid origin of dried for... ... The serology-based methods routinely used in forensic casework for the identification of biological fluids have varying and ... Body Fluid Identification by RNA Expression Profiling Recorded: Oct 7 2009 49 mins Jack Ballantyne, Assoc Director; National ... Body Fluid Identification by RNA Expression Profiling. The serology-based methods routinely used in forensic casework for the ...
more infohttps://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/113/3977

EMBALMER - ROTTEN BODY FLUIDS LYRICSEMBALMER - ROTTEN BODY FLUIDS LYRICS

Rotten Body Fluids lyrics - Smell the stench of your own death Your skin falls off Theres nothing left Demented Doctor Scalpel ... Send "Rotten Body Fluids" Ringtone to Cell Phone Smell the stench of your own death. Your skin falls off. Theres nothing left ... Smell of fluids fills his lair (Repeat two times). [ Lyrics from: http://www.lyricsty.com/embalmer-rotten-body-fluids-lyrics. ...
more infohttp://www.lyricsty.com/embalmer-rotten-body-fluids-lyrics.html

Body fluid - WikipediaBody fluid - Wikipedia

Body fluid, bodily fluids, or biofluids are liquids within the bodies of living people. In normal healthy men, the total body ... Intracellular fluid Extracellular fluid Intravascular fluid (blood plasma) Interstitial fluid Lymphatic fluid (sometimes ... Universal precautions and safer sex practices try to avoid exchanges of body fluids. Body fluids can be analyzed in medical ... Pericardial fluid Peritoneal fluid Pleural fluid Pus Rheum Saliva Sebum (skin oil) Serous fluid Semen Smegma Sputum Synovial ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_fluid

Albumin, Body Fluid | Diagnostic Testing | Clinical LaboratoryAlbumin, Body Fluid | Diagnostic Testing | Clinical Laboratory

National Jewish Health Advanced Diagnostic Laboratories in Colorado, is a leading ISO 15189 accredited clinical laboratory with central laboratory services.
more infohttps://www.nationaljewish.org/for-professionals/diagnostic-testing/adx/tests/fldalb

Patent US20020077696 - Body fluid flow control device - Google PatentsPatent US20020077696 - Body fluid flow control device - Google Patents

One-way valve operation may be provided through a flap or through a pressure differential on the valve body depending upon the ... A valve support transitions between the resilient seal portion and the valve body to insure that the states do not change the ... Insertion devices may be employed to position and actuate a change of state of the frame in the body duct or passageway. ... Bulk resilience about a passageway in a valve body provides the mechanism for controlled flow. ...
more infohttp://www.google.ca/patents/US20020077696

Forensics Body Fluid Slide Set | Carolina.comForensics Body Fluid Slide Set | Carolina.com

Forensics Body Fluid Slide Set. Item # 311962 Forensics Body Fluid Slide Set is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1. ... Based on 3 forensic scenarios, students study prepared microscope slides of unknown body fluid samples and compare them to a ... and distinguish gender based on chromosome analysis and the presence of Barr bodies. The kit contains a set of 11 prepared ...
more infohttps://www.carolina.com/forensic-investigation-kits/forensics-body-fluid-slide-set/311962.pr

BFBL - Overview: Bilirubin, Body FluidBFBL - Overview: Bilirubin, Body Fluid

... body fluid; serum protein ratio, body fluids; serum lactate dehydrogenase ratio, and serum lactate dehydrogenase ... May aid in the distinction between a transudative and an exudative body fluid, when used in conjunction with other testing ... body fluid; serum protein ratio, body fluids; serum lactate dehydrogenase ratio, and serum lactate dehydrogenase ... May aid in the distinction between a transudative and an exudative body fluid, when used in conjunction with other testing ...
more infohttps://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/34621

Body fluids in art - WikipediaBody fluids in art - Wikipedia

... or aircraft of liquid body fluids due to the fluids possible classification as dangerous goods. The sale of blood art via eBay ... Occasionally in contemporary art, artists use body fluids as a medium in their art. Examples include: Depicting objects of ... in art which includes body fluids can trigger public protests due to such materials historic association with dirtiness. The ... is prohibited as eBay prohibits the sale of body parts, and classifies blood art as falling under this heading. New materials ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_fluids_in_art

Caffeine, body fluid-electrolyte balance, and exercise performance.  - PubMed - NCBICaffeine, body fluid-electrolyte balance, and exercise performance. - PubMed - NCBI

Caffeine, body fluid-electrolyte balance, and exercise performance.. Armstrong LE1.. Author information. 1. Departments of ... Sedentary members of the general public should be a less risk than athletes because their fluid losses via sweating are smaller ... Further, tolerance to caffeine reduces the likelihood that a detrimental fluid-electrolyte imbalance will occur. The scientific ... but there is no evidence of a fluid-electrolyte imbalance that is detrimental to exercise performance or health. Investigations ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12187618

Patente US5897534 - Body fluids and solids drainage system - Google PatentesPatente US5897534 - Body fluids and solids drainage system - Google Patentes

The system includes mechanical energy applied to the interior surface of a catheter or other type of body drainage conduit to ... reciprocating wire with collapsible cups or other device to substantially inhibit the adherence of body matter to the catheter ... substantially inhibit the adherence of body matter to the catheter, thus minimizing the likelihood of blockage in the catheter ... A medical system for facilitating the removal of body matter including solids, liquids and gases from a body cavity. ...
more infohttp://www.google.es/patents/US5897534?dq=flatulence

Urinalysis and Body Fluids, Sixth Edition | AACC.orgUrinalysis and Body Fluids, Sixth Edition | AACC.org

... and carefully structured introduction to the analysis of non-blood body fluids. Through six editions, the authors, noted ... the theoretical and practical knowledge every clinical laboratory scientist needs to handle and analyze non-blood body fluids, ... Then, step by step, they focus on the examination of urine, cerebrospinal fluid, semen, synovial fluid, serous fluid, amniotic ... Heres a concise, comprehensive, and carefully structured introduction to the analysis of non-blood body fluids. Through six ...
more infohttps://www.aacc.org/Store/Books/9200/Urinalysis-and-Body-Fluids-Sixth-Edition.aspx
  • A more recently published review article by Block and Algeciras-Schimnich provides a helpful supplement for serous fluids in particular (4). (aacc.org)
  • The invention concerns an absorbent for blood and serous body fluids consisting of at least two components, A and B, whereby component A is a crosslinked synthetic or natural polymer or copolymer, and component B is an organic and/or inorganic compound which is water-soluble and solid at normal temperature. (google.es)
  • The absorbent contains 25 to 98 weight % of component A and 2 to 75 weight % of component B. The invention, moveover, concerns the use of the said absorbent for absorption and/or retention of blood and serous body fluids, in particular in absorbent throwaway articles for surgical, medical and hygienic purposes. (google.es)
  • The system includes mechanical energy applied to the interior surface of a catheter or other type of body drainage conduit to substantially inhibit the adherence of body matter to the. (google.es)
  • 11. The medical drainage system of claim 1, wherein said selectively rotatable wire has an exterior surface which resists the adherence of said body matter, said exterior surface comprising at least polyolefin or fluoropolymer materials. (google.es)
  • A sampling apparatus for sampling body fluid includes a sampler having an external geometry selected to mate with an internal geometry of a testing apparatus such that the sampler may be inserted within the testing apparatus in a predetermined alignment-and with a sampling location positioned accurately. (google.com)
  • This invention pertains to an apparatus for testing body fluid constituents. (google.com)
  • Methods and apparatus for in vitro detection of an analyte in a body fluid sample using low resolution Raman spectroscopy are disclosed. (google.com.au)
  • A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine provides evidence that the Zika virus particles remain longer in blood than in urine and some other body fluids. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Discusses the safety precautions needed to guard against hazards related to urine and body fluid analyses. (aacc.org)
  • Now laboratories are required to evaluate and document the performance characteristics of each fluid type to ensure that it is adequate for the intended use. (aacc.org)
  • They also provide guidance to clinical laboratories on result reporting, interpretation, and analytical variables affecting measurement of body fluids. (aacc.org)
  • To reduce the risks associated with off-label body fluid testing, laboratories should start by evaluating their current test ordering patterns and volumes. (aacc.org)
  • The scientific literature suggests that athletes and recreational enthusiasts will not incur detrimental fluid-electrolyte imbalances if they consume CB in moderation and eat a typical U.S. diet. (nih.gov)
  • Caffeine, body fluid-electrolyte balance, and exercise performance. (nih.gov)
  • The literature indicates that caffeine consumption stimulates a mild diuresis similar to water, but there is no evidence of a fluid-electrolyte imbalance that is detrimental to exercise performance or health. (nih.gov)
  • Further, tolerance to caffeine reduces the likelihood that a detrimental fluid-electrolyte imbalance will occur. (nih.gov)
  • The present invention concerns a body fluid testing device (10) for analyzing a body fluids, comprising a test media tape (30) adapted to collect the body fluid, a supply portion (100) storing an uncontaminated section of the test media tape, a storage portion (110) for storing a contaminated section. (google.com)
  • These documents deal with the clinical utility of analyte measurements in the majority of fluid types. (aacc.org)
  • The results of the processed data are displayed on a screen to inform a user about an analyte within the body fluid sample. (google.com.au)
  • 12 . The system of claim 1 , including a screen for displaying information related to the analyte detected within the body fluid sample. (google.com.au)
  • a needle comprising a first end projecting from the sampler and a second end in fluid communication with and substantially perpendicular to the medium. (google.de)
  • However, despite the difficulties of off-label body fluid testing, it remains a powerful clinical tool when used appropriately and the risks are recognized and reduced. (aacc.org)
  • Other valuable resources are the Clinical and Laboratory Science Institute guidelines developed through the consensus process for the analysis of body fluids (2, 3). (aacc.org)
  • The average volume of menstrual fluid is approximately 40 milliliters, or about 2.5 tablespoons in total. (theconversation.com)
  • The pathological accumulation of these body fluids occurs due either to increased production or reduced rate of absorption. (aacc.org)
  • Examples include: Depicting objects of popular respect (religious subjects, flags, etc.) in art which includes body fluids can trigger public protests due to such material's historic association with dirtiness. (wikipedia.org)
  • A body fluid cartridge exchange platform device includes a hollow cartridge platform housing with a first end having an opening. (google.ca)
  • The body fluid analyzer includes a disposable strip for receiving a sample of body fluid on a target region, the target region including gold sol-gel to provide surface. (google.com.au)
  • Therefore, spills of these fluids on the pool deck should be cleaned up and the contaminated surfaces disinfected immediately. (cdc.gov)
  • Indeed, all aspects of cancer molecular genetic information, stemming from DNA (both nuclear and mitochondria), RNA (coding and noncoding), peptides and proteins, metabolites and lipids are present in body fluids as free, cell surface bound or enclosed in membrane vesicles, and are being harnessed for disease management. (springer.com)
  • Insertion devices may be employed to position and actuate a change of state of the frame in the body duct or passageway. (google.ca)
  • 11 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 , the at least one longitudinally extending element being spring biased toward the anchoring state and being held in the insertion state by a release wire separable from the frame. (google.ca)
  • RNA analysis may permit not only a molecular-based approach with a greater specificity than that of conventional methodologies for the identification of forensically relevant biological fluids, but may also provide strategies particularly suited for the analysis of environmentally impacted or degraded samples frequently encountered in forensic casework. (brighttalk.com)
  • Body fluids can be analyzed in medical laboratory in order to find microbes, inflammation, cancers, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • 5. The method of claim 1 , further comprising collecting body fluid within the skin and transporting it through the needle to a testing area. (google.com)
  • 10. The device of claim 1 further comprising a sensor for sensing a change of a test medium induced by reaction with said body fluid. (google.com)
  • 2 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 , the resilient seal further including a skirt extending at least partially over the at least one longitudinally extending element to form a peripheral seal. (google.ca)
  • 4 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 , the resilient seal further including a skirt extending fully over the frame. (google.ca)
  • 5 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 , the passage having a predetermined fluid opening pressure. (google.ca)
  • 6 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 5 , the fluid opening pressure being about 0.2 psi to 3.0 psi for urinary incontinence. (google.ca)
  • 7 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 5 , the fluid opening pressure being about 0.005 psi to 1.0 psi for intervascular placement. (google.ca)
  • 8 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 , the passage being a single slit. (google.ca)
  • 9 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 , the resilient seal, the valve body and the valve support being one piece. (google.ca)
  • 10 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 , the at least one longitudinally extending element being heat recoverable with a transition temperature range below a reasonable range of human body temperatures. (google.ca)
  • 12 . The body fluid flow control device of claim 1 further comprising a flap attached to the valve body adjacent the passage and extending over the passage to restrict flow to one direction through the passage. (google.ca)
  • 2. The device of claim 1 , further comprising a small diameter first hollow leg member having an internal diameter, the leg member suitable for extending from the platform housing through skin of a patient for facilitating body fluid communication between an organ and at least a portion of the platform housing and tubular cartridge insert. (google.ca)
  • 5. The device of claim 2 further comprising a second hollow leg member extending from the platform housing and penetrating through the skin of the patient and completing a fluid communication flow path extending between the first hollow leg member and the second hollow leg member through the tubular cartridge insert. (google.ca)
  • Off-label body fluids refer to any fluid type other than those cited by the manufacturer of a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-cleared method in the "Intended Use" portion- of a product insert (1). (aacc.org)
  • Each fluid type has a unique composition and generally is considered to be an irreplaceable specimen since collection is often invasive. (aacc.org)
  • Regulatory agencies only recently began to appreciate the unique nature of each body fluid type and the impact that these variations in chemical composition (proteins, electrolytes, lipids, pH, etc.) can have on assay performance. (aacc.org)
  • A device to provide body fluid flow control in the form of a valve to be located within a duct or passageway. (google.ca)
  • Bulk resilience about a passageway in a valve body provides the mechanism for controlled flow. (google.ca)
  • One-way valve operation may be provided through a flap or through a pressure differential on the valve body depending upon the direction of flow. (google.ca)
  • An important aspect is a tip portion ( 20 ) for exposing a test medium to body fluid application. (google.com)