Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.
Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)
Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.
Fatty tissue under the SKIN in the region of the ABDOMEN.
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
Defective metabolism leading to fat maldistribution in patients infected with HIV. The etiology appears to be multifactorial and probably involves some combination of infection-induced alterations in metabolism, direct effects of antiretroviral therapy, and patient-related factors.
The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
An island republic of the West Indies. Its capital is Roseau. It was discovered in 1493 by Columbus and held at different times by the French and the British in the 18th century. A member of the West Indies Federation, it achieved internal self-government in 1967 but became independent in 1978. It was named by Columbus who discovered it on Sunday, Domingo in Spanish, from the Latin Dominica dies, the Lord's Day. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Glucose in blood.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Congenital, inherited, or acquired anomalies of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, including the HEART and BLOOD VESSELS.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Maintenance of a constant blood glucose level by perfusion or infusion with glucose or insulin. It is used for the study of metabolic rates (e.g., in glucose, lipid, amino acid metabolism) at constant glucose concentration.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
A pathological state in which BLOOD GLUCOSE level is less than approximately 140 mg/100 ml of PLASMA at fasting, and above approximately 200 mg/100 ml plasma at 30-, 60-, or 90-minute during a GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST. This condition is seen frequently in DIABETES MELLITUS, but also occurs with other diseases and MALNUTRITION.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A collection of heterogenous conditions resulting from defective LIPID METABOLISM and characterized by ADIPOSE TISSUE atrophy. Often there is redistribution of body fat resulting in peripheral fat wasting and central adiposity. They include generalized, localized, congenital, and acquired lipodystrophy.
Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
The physical measurements of a body.
Abstaining from all food.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
A glycoprotein migrating as a beta-globulin. Its molecular weight, 52,000 or 95,000-115,000, indicates that it exists as a dimer. The protein binds testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol in the plasma. Sex hormone-binding protein has the same amino acid sequence as ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN. They differ by their sites of synthesis and post-translational oligosaccharide modifications.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.

The effect of stage of growth and implant exposure on performance and carcass composition in steers. (1/434)

Angus and Angus x Limousin cross steers (n = 182; initial BW = 309 +/- 27.8 kg) were used to evaluate the influence of an estradiol-trenbolone acetate implant (containing 24 mg of estradiol and 125 mg of trenbolone acetate) on production efficiency and carcass traits when administered at specific stages of growth. Treatments were 1) control, no implant (NI); 2) early implant (EI) on d 1 (BW = 309 kg); or 3) delayed implant (DI) on d 57 (BW = 385 kg). Comparisons were also made between the NI and implanted treatments (I; EI + DI). Steers were procured at weaning and were backgrounded (47 d) before the initiation of the experiment. Initial predicted carcass composition was 14.9% protein, 13.3% fat, 54.6% moisture, and 17.2% bone. Days on feed were constant across treatment. After 56 d, ADG and G:F were improved (P < 0.01) by implants, NI vs. EI (1.68 vs. 1.90 kg and 0.227 vs. 0.257). At d 57, predicted carcass composition did not differ among treatments. From 57 to 112 d, DI caused higher ADG than NI or EI (NI = 1.65, EI = 1.57, and DI = 1.78 kg; P < 0.05) and higher G:F (NI = 0.155, EI = 0.150, and DI = 0.173; P < 0.01). Cumulative ADG and G:F were improved by implants (1.65 vs. 1.73 kg; P < 0.05) and (0.175 vs. 0.186; P < 0.01) for NI vs. I, respectively, with no differences between treatments that involved implants. Cumulative DMI was similar for all treatments. Implanting increased dressing percentage (63.5 vs. 64.1%; P < 0.05) and increased (P < 0.01) hot carcass weight (341 vs. 353 kg) and LM area (76.5 vs. 81.4 cm(2)) for NI vs. I, respectively. Rib fat and kidney, pelvic, and heart fat were not affected by treatment, and treatment had no effect on the whole carcass proportions of fat, protein, or water. Implants advanced maturity scores (NI = A(51) vs. EI + DI = A(59); P < 0.01). Marbling scores were decreased (P < 0.05) by EI but not by DI (NI = Small(65), EI = Small(20), DI = Small(36)). The percentage of i.m. fat content of the LM was decreased (P < 0.10) by EI and was not affected by DI (NI = 5.1, EI = 4.0, DI = 4.8%). Treatment affected (P < 0.10) the proportion of carcasses with marbling scores greater than Modest(0) (NI = 23.6, EI = 7.8, DI = 22.6%). The results of this study suggest that growth of i.m. fat is sensitive to anabolic growth promotants administered during early periods of growth.  (+info)

Influence of nutrient intake and body fat on concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I, insulin, thyroxine, and leptin in plasma of gestating beef cows. (2/434)

Pregnant Angus x Hereford cows (n = 73) were used to determine the effects of amount of nutrient intake and BCS on concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, leptin, and thyroxine in plasma. At 2 to 4 mo of gestation, cows were blocked by BCS and assigned to one of four nutritional treatments: high (H = a 50% concentrate diet fed ad libitum in a drylot) or adequate native grass pastures and one of three amounts of a 40% CP supplement each day (M = moderate, 1.6 kg; L = low, 1.1 kg; or VL = very low, 0.5 kg; as-fed basis). After 110 d of treatment, all cows grazed dormant native grass pasture and received 1.6 kg/d of a 40% CP supplement. At 68, 109, and 123 d of treatment, cows were gathered, and plasma samples were collected by tail venipuncture (fed sample). After 18 h without feed and water, a second plasma sample was collected (fasted sample). At 109 d of treatment, BCS was greatest (P < 0.05) for H cows, similar for M and L cows, and least for VL cows. Concentrations of insulin and leptin were greater (P < 0.05) for H cows than for M and VL cows at 68 and 109 d, but similar for all groups at 123 d. Thyroxine in plasma was greatest (P < 0.05) for H cows at 68 d and similar for cows on all treatments at 123 d. Concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, and leptin in fed and fasted cows were positively correlated with BCS at 109 d. Body condition was predictive of concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, and leptin when cows had different nutrient intakes, but BCS accounted for less than 12% of the variation in plasma concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, and leptin when nutrient intake was the same for all cows. We conclude that amount of nutrient intake has a greater influence than body energy reserves on IGF-I, insulin, and leptin concentrations in the plasma of gestating beef cows.  (+info)

Is epidural lipomatosis associated with abnormality of body fat distribution? A case report. (3/434)

CASE REPORT: To report a case of epidural lipomatosis in a patient with abnormal adipose tissue distribution, glucose intolerance and mixed hyperlipidemia. A 63-year-old male patient presented with low back pain radiating to the left calf on standing and walking (walking distance <100 m). He weighed 97.5 kg, was 1.73 m tall (BMI 32.6 kg/m2) and had a waist circumference of 113 cm. He had a glucose intolerance after a 75-g glucose oral load test. CT-Myelography revealed voluminous epidural lipomatosis around L4-L5 and L5-S1. Low calorie diet and reduction in alcohol intake achieved a weight loss of 17.5 kg in 7 months (80 kg, BMI 25.8 kg/m2, waist circumference 94 cm) and dramatic improvement in low back pain, walking distance (>500 m) and reduction of lipomatosis on CT-scan. Our case suggests a relationship between central obesity phenotype and epidural lipomatosis. Specific insulin resistance treatment might be proposed for these patients if this hypothesis is confirmed in further studies.  (+info)

Identification of genetic markers for fat deposition and meat tenderness on bovine chromosome 5: development of a low-density single nucleotide polymorphism map. (4/434)

As genetic markers, SNP are well suited for the development of genetic tests for production traits in livestock. They are stable through many generations and can provide direct assessment of individual animal's genetic merit if they are in linkage disequilibrium and phase with functional genetic variation. Bovine chromosome 5 has been shown to harbor genetic variation affecting production traits in multiple cattle populations; thus, this chromosome was targeted for SNP-based marker development and subsequent association analysis with carcass and growth phenotypes. Discovery of SNP was performed in a panel of 16 sires representing two sires from each of seven beef breeds and two Holstein sires by PCR amplification and sequencing using primers designed from genomic sequence obtained by low-coverage sequencing of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones. From 550 SNP, 296 (54%) were tentatively identified as having a minor allele frequency >10%. Forty-five SNP derived from 15 BAC were chosen based on minor allele frequency and were genotyped in 564 steers and their sires. Production and carcass data were collected on the steers as a part of the Germplasm Evaluation (GPE), Cycle VII Project at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (Clay Center, NE), which involves of the evaluation of sires from seven of the most popular U.S. breeds. Haplotypes based on seven SNP derived from a BAC containing the bovine genes HEM1 and PDE1B were associated with traits related to carcass fat. Steers homozygous for the major haplotype had 0.15 +/- 0.04 cm less subcutaneous fat, 0.57 +/- 0.18 kg less rib fat, 0.18 +/- 0.07 lower yield grade, 1.11 +/- 0.35% less predicted fat yield, and 0.79 +/- 0.3% greater predicted retail product yield than heterozygotes. The frequency of the major haplotype was 0.70 in the steers, and it ranged from 0.44 (Limousin) to 0.98 (Simmental and Gelbvieh) in a panel consisting of an average of 20 purebred sires from each of the seven breeds. A second set of haplotypes based on four SNP derived from a BAC containing the genes NOL1 and CHD4 was associated with Warner-Bratzler shear force. Steers homozygous for the major haplotype had 0.27 +/- 0.11 kg greater shear force than those heterozygous for the major haplotype and one of two minor haplotypes. The frequency of the major haplotype was 0.59 in the steers and ranged from 0.27 (Hereford) to approximately 0.95 (Angus and Red Angus) in the panel of purebred sires. These results demonstrate the feasibility of targeting QTL regions for SNP-based marker development and that a low level of coverage can identify markers associated with phenotypic traits.  (+info)

Large-scale, multibreed, multitrait analyses of quantitative trait loci experiments: the case of porcine X chromosome. (5/434)

A QTL analysis of multibreed experiments (i.e., crossed populations involving more than two founder breeds) offers clear advantages over classical two-breed crosses, among them increased power and a more comprehensive coverage of the total genetic variability in the species. An alternative to designed multibreed crosses is to reanalyze jointly several experiments involving different breeds. We report a multibreed, multitrait QTL analysis of SSCX that involves five different crosses, six breeds, and almost 3,000 genotyped individuals using a truly multibreed strategy to allow for any number of founder breed origins. Traits analyzed were growth, fat thickness, carcass length, and shoulder and ham weights. Generally, the joint analysis resulted in more significant QTL than the single-experiment analyses. We show that the QTL for fatness, which is highly significant (nominal P < 10(-43)), is of Asiatic origin (Meishan). The next most significant QTL (nominal P < 10(-15)) affected ham weight and seems to be segregating only between Large White and the rest of the breeds. A multitrait, multi-QTL analysis suggests that these are two distinct loci. Additionally, a locus segregating only between Iberian and Landrace affects live weight. The advantages of joint, multibreed analyses clearly outweigh their potential risks.  (+info)

Phenotypic ranges and relationships among carcass and meat palatability traits for fourteen cattle breeds, and heritabilities and expected progeny differences for Warner-Bratzler shear force in three beef cattle breeds. (6/434)

Carcass and Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) data from strip loin steaks were obtained from 7,179 progeny of Angus, Brahman, Brangus, Charolais, Gelbvieh, Hereford, Limousin, Maine-Anjou, Red Angus, Salers, Shorthorn, Simbrah, Simmental, and South Devon sires. Trained sensory panel (TSP) evaluations were obtained on 2,320 steaks sampled from contemporary groups of progeny from one to five sires of each breed. Expected progeny differences for marbling and WBSF were developed for 103 Simmental sires from 1,295 progeny, 23 Shorthorn sires from 310 progeny, and 69 Hereford sires from 1,457 progeny. Pooled phenotypic residual correlations, including all progeny, showed that marbling was lowly correlated with WBSF (-0.21) and with TSP overall tenderness (0.18). The residual correlation between WBSF and TSP tenderness was -0.68, whereas residual correlations for progeny sired by the three Bos indicus breeds were only slightly different than for progeny sired by Bos taurus breeds. The phenotypic range of mean WBSF among sires across breeds was 6.27 kg, and the phenotypic range among breed means was 3.93 kg. Heritability estimates for fat thickness, marbling score, WBSF, and TSP tenderness, juiciness, and flavor were 0.19, 0.68, 0.40, 0.37, 0.46, and 0.07, respectively. Ranges in EPD for WBSF and marbling were -0.41 to +0.26 kg and +0.48 to -0.22, respectively, for Simmentals; -0.41 to +0.36 kg and 0.00 to -0.32, respectively, for Shorthorns; and -0.48 to +0.22 kg and +0.40 to -0.24, respectively, for Herefords. More than 20% of steaks were unacceptable in tenderness. Results of this study demonstrated that 1) selection for marbling would result in little improvement in meat tenderness; 2) heritability of marbling, tenderness, and juiciness are high; and 3) sufficient variation exists in WBSF EPD among widely used Simmental, Shorthorn, and Hereford sires to allow for genetic improvement in LM tenderness.  (+info)

Body fat distribution, liver enzymes, and risk of hypertension: evidence from the Western New York Study. (7/434)

Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) has been associated with hypertension (HTN); however, the nature of this association remains unclear. GGT is a marker of alcohol consumption, but it is also related to the infiltration of fat in the liver (fatty liver). The association between GGT and HTN was examined in a 6-year longitudinal investigation among 1455 men and women who returned for the follow-up visit. Baseline variables included serum GGT, blood pressure, and anthropometric measures. Incident HTN was defined as blood pressure > or =140/90 or on antihypertensive medication at the follow-up visit. To eliminate individuals with potential liver pathology, analyses focused only on individuals with GGT within its normal range (n=897). Participants were divided in quintiles (Q) based on their baseline GGT levels. Multiple logistic regression analyses [odds ratio (95% confidence intervals)] revealed a significant association of GGT with incident hypertension [2.1 (1.1 to 4.0) Q5 versus Q1]. In subgroup analyses, GGT and HTN were significantly associated among both noncurrent and current drinkers, but only for participants above the median of anthropometric measures [eg, body mass index >26.4, 2.3 (0.9 to 5.7), waist circumference >86.1 cm, 3.7 (1.4 to 9.9), and abdominal height >19.8 cm, 3.1 (1.2 to 8.5), for Q5 versus Q1, in fully adjusted models]. These findings suggest that the association between GGT and hypertension is not caused solely by alcohol consumption and indicate that serum GGT, within its normal range, may predict hypertension among individuals with increased central fat distribution, suggesting that fatty liver may represent an important underlying mechanism for this association.  (+info)

Short-term predictors of abdominal obesity in children. (8/434)

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the short-term tracking of abdominal adiposity in children. METHODS: A total of 918 children (477 boys) aged 6-12 years at baseline were followed-up for 2 years. Central obesity was assessed by waist circumference (WaistC), whereas body fat distribution by waist-to-hip ratio. Maturity was assessed by the Khamis-Roche method. Parental fatness and children's cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also evaluated. Multiple and logistic regressions were employed to identify the predictors of BMI and WaistC. RESULTS: Tracking of body fatness and body fat distribution was high (r = 0.69-0.86, P < 0.01). More boys remained obese than girls (P < 0.05), whereas a greater percentage of boys moved to a higher quartile of WaistC after the 2-year follow-up (22.0 vs 14.1%, P < 0.01). Sex, child's maturity and WaistC at baseline, CRF, and maternal BMI explained 76% of the variability in BMI and WaistC at the follow-up (n = 290). Children with high WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented 1.9- and 4.3-fold increased risk of remaining in the upper quartile of WaistC at the follow-up (P < 0.01; n = 552). CONCLUSION: Youth with increased WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented an increased chance of maintaining central obesity at the follow-up. More boys than girls moved into a higher quartile of abdominal obesity during the 2-year follow-up period and this should be taken into account in designing programmes for childhood obesity.  (+info)

Ross, Robert, Shaw, Kimberley D., Martel, Yves, de Guise, Jacques, Hudson, Robert et Avruch, Leonard. 1993. « Determination of total and regional adipose tissue distribution by magnetic resonance imaging in android women ». In Human Body Composition : In Vivo Methods, Models, and Assessment. Coll. « Basic life sciences », vol. 60. pp. 177-180. Springer ...
Background: Abdominal fat distributions are reportedly strongly associated with metabolic risks in type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, research on fat distribution in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been limited.. Aim: To investigate fat distribution characteristics in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus for comparison to those with simple obesity in Japan.. Design/Methods: Sixty-one adolescents 10 to 15 years of age with simple obesity or type 2 diabetes mellitus, who visited our outpatient clinics between 2002 and 2018, were enrolled in this study with ethics approval. Simple obesity was defined as a BMI ≥95%ile without. Serum lipids, ALT and HbA1c were measured without fasting. Visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) were investigated using umbilical level CT scans. Subjects were classified into 2 subgroups: simple obesity group (n=38) or the type 2 diabetes mellitus group (n=23).. Results: Comparisons between the 2 groups are shown in Table 1. VFA and the ...
In a multicenter case-control study that included 403 cases and 297 controls, we examined the relation of past and contemporary body size, including body fat distribution, to the risk of endometrial cancer. The relative contributions of past and contemporary body size were assessed by examining weight and height histories provided by the subjects. Anthropometric indicators thought to reflect early environmental influences (e.g., height and sitting height), current weight, and fat distribution patterns were measured directly. Height was not a risk factor for endometrial cancer, but inexplicably, sitting height was inversely associated with risk. Weight during early adulthood appeared to be directly related to disease risk, but the association was explained by contemporary weight and thus weight gain during adulthood. While contemporary weight was associated with risk of endometrial cancer, the effect was restricted to those in the top quartile. Women whose measured weight at interview exceeded 78 ...
Central distribution of body fat is associated with a higher risk of renal disease, but whether it is the distribution pattern or the overall excess weight that underlies this association is not well understood. Here, we studied the association between waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), which reflects central adiposity, and renal hemodynamics in 315 healthy persons with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.9 kg/m2 and a mean 125I-iothalamate GFR of 109 ml/min per 1.73 m2. In multivariate analyses, WHR was associated with lower GFR, lower effective renal plasma flow, and higher filtration fraction, even after adjustment for sex, age, mean arterial pressure, and BMI. Multivariate models produced similar results regardless of whether the hemodynamic measures were indexed to body surface area. Thus, these results suggest that central body fat distribution, independent of BMI, is associated with an unfavorable pattern of renal hemodynamic measures that could underlie the increased renal risk reported in ...
Abstract: The relation of body fat distribution as measured by the ratio of waist to hip circumferences (WHR) to plasma levels of lipids and lipoproteins was studied In 713 men and 520 women who were employed by two Milwaukee companies. Quetelet Index (kg/m2), waist girth, hip girth, and WHR were each positively related to levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B, and the ratio of total to high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. In addition, the anthropometric measures were inversely associated with levels of HDL cholesterol. (Controlling for age, alcohol Intake, exercise level, current smoking status, and oral contraceptive use only slightly reduced the strength of the correlations.) In addition, WHR and Quetelet Index were Independently related to lipid and lipoprotein levels, and the magnitudes of the associations were roughly equivalent For example, the mean (covariate-adjusted) triglyceride level among men in the upper tertile of the Quetelet Index was 37 mg/dl ...
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that diabetes, body fat distribution, and (in nondiabetic subjects) fasting insulin levels are positively associated with ischemic stroke incidence in the general population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: As part of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, we measured diabetes by using fasting glucose criteria, waist and hip circumferences, and fasting insulin levels with a radioimmunoassay in , 12,000 adults aged 45-64 years who had no cardiovascular disease at baseline. We followed them for 6-8 years for ischemic stroke occurrence (n = 191). RESULTS: After adjustment for age, sex, race, ARIC community, smoking, and education level, the relative risk of ischemic stroke was 3.70 (95% CI 2.7-5.1) for diabetes, 1.74 (1.4-2.2) for a 0.11 increment of waist-to-hip ratio, and 1.19 (1.1-1.3) for a 50-pmol/l increment of fasting insulin among nondiabetic subjects. Ischemic stroke incidence was not statistically significantly associated with BMI ...
Learning about body fat distribution and how it differs between men and women is a very interesting topic a lot of people ignore. Learn about it with us!
Centralized obesity has been associated with increased risk of non-insulin dependent diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Paramount to a sensitive index of body fat distribution is that it contain a measure of lower limb fat (Ashwell et al. 1978; 1982; Mueller and Stallones 1981). However, many epidemiological studies of body fat distribution, which have used skinfold measurements, have been limited to estimating centralized obesity from the triceps and subscapular or other conventional upper body sites. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivities, specificities, and positive predictive values of skinfold indices of body fat distribution when only sites on the upper body are available. We were able to do this in a large population-based data set, the Canadian YMCA-LIFE study, which in-cluded adults 25 to 64 years of age and skinfold sites from upper and lower anatomical regions of the body.Sensitivities, specificities, and positive predictive values did not vary systematically with age
Standard care for the treatment of HIV infection involves the use of a combination of three antiretroviral drugs. The initial recommended regimen in antiretroviral-naive patients according to therapeutic guidelines of the US Department of Health and Human Resources (DHHS) includes two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a third drug from another class (PI or NRTI).. The use of nucleoside analogues, especially stavudine and zidovudine, is associated with untoward side effects, including lipodystrophy hepatic steatosis/lactic acidosis syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, and anemia. However, Truvada has a low potential for both mitochondrial toxicity and fat distribution disturbances.. As described in the Consensus Document of the Spanish Group for the Study of AIDS (GESIDA), and the AIDS National Plan from the Spanish Ministry of Health Recommendations on metabolic alterations and body fat distribution, studies should focus on the evaluation of body fat disturbances after ...
Standard care for the treatment of HIV infection involves the use of a combination of three antiretroviral drugs. The initial recommended regimen in antiretroviral-naive patients according to therapeutic guidelines of the US Department of Health and Human Resources (DHHS) includes two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a third drug from another class (PI or NRTI).. The use of nucleoside analogues, especially stavudine and zidovudine, is associated with untoward side effects, including lipodystrophy hepatic steatosis/lactic acidosis syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, and anemia. However, Truvada has a low potential for both mitochondrial toxicity and fat distribution disturbances.. As described in the Consensus Document of the Spanish Group for the Study of AIDS (GESIDA), and the AIDS National Plan from the Spanish Ministry of Health Recommendations on metabolic alterations and body fat distribution, studies should focus on the evaluation of body fat disturbances after ...
In the POUNDS LOST Trial, a 2-year, randomized weight-loss intervention, we found that dietary protein intake significantly modified the effect of an FTO variant on changes in body composition and fat distribution. Carriers of the risk allele (A allele) of the rs1558902 genotype had a greater loss of weight and regional fat in response to a high-protein diet compared with noncarriers, whereas an opposite genetic effect was observed regarding changes in fat distribution in response to a low-protein diet. Our data indicate that the modification effects of dietary treatment were more evident with prolonged intervention. We did not observe significant modification of dietary fat intake on the genotype effects.. The rs1558902 genotype was reported to show the strongest association with obesity in the European (25,26) and other ethnic populations (28), and it has strong linkage disequilibrium with other obesity-associated FTO variants such as the rs9939609 genotype. In this study, the MAF of the ...
HUNTER, G. R., T. KEKES-SZABO, S. W. SNYDER, C. NICHOLSON, I. NYIKOS, and L. BERLAND. Fat distribution, physical activity, and cardiovascular risk factors. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 362-369,1997. The purpose of this study was to report the relationship between fat distribution, physical activity PA, and cardiovascular disease...
Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals. We identify 49 loci (33 new) associated with waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (BMI), and an additional 19 loci newly associated with related waist and hip circumference measures (P , 5 × 10(-8)). In total, 20 of the 49 waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI loci show significant sexual dimorphism, 19 of which display a stronger effect in women. The identified loci were enriched for genes expressed in adipose tissue and for putative regulatory elements in adipocytes. Pathway analyses implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation and insulin resistance as processes ...
We suggest that adiposity and in particular visceral adipose tissue is a key promoter of low-grade chronic inflammation. This observation may in part account for the association of CRP with markers of the metabolic syndrome. Future studies should confirm whether CRP concentrations are elevated in So …
Questionnaires may be useful for large-scale epidemiologic studies. However, this approach is fraught with many difficulties. The major difficulty with the questionnaire approach is that it relies on the ability of the subject (or the parent) to recall behavioral information accurately. Also, it is difficult to translate qualitative information on physical activity (eg, playing for 30 minutes) to quantitative data (ie, kcal per exercise session). Although many different types of questionnaires exist, very few (if any) have been developed specifically and validated for use in children.. As described in more detail by Montoye et al,62 the most frequently used questionnaires in adults include the Minnesota, Paffenberger, Five-City 7-Day Recall, Baecke, and Framingham questionnaires as well as dozens of others that have been described in the literature. Although some validity and reliability studies have been performed, the lack of use of strong criterion methods makes it difficult to interpret the ...
The time course of metabolic and cardiovascular changes with weight gain and subsequent weight loss has not been elucidated. The goal of the present study was to determine how weight gain, weight loss and altered body fat distribution affected metabolic and cardiovascular changes in an obese dog model. Testing was performed when the dogs were lean (scores 4-5 on a nine-point scale), after ad libitum feeding for 12 and 32 weeks to promote obesity (,5 score), and after weight loss. Measurements included serum glucose and insulin, plasma leptin, adiponectin and C-reactive protein, echocardiography, flow-mediated dilation and blood pressure. Body fat distribution was assessed by computed tomography. Fasting serum glucose concentrations increased significantly with obesity (P, 0·05). Heart rate increased by 22 (se 5) bpm after 12 weeks of obesity (P= 0·003). Systolic left ventricular free wall thickness increased after 12 weeks of obesity (P= 0·002), but decreased after weight loss compared with ...
Addiction, Food, Additives and Preservatives, Adolescent Nutrition, Adult Nutrition, African Americans, Diet of, Africans, Diets of, Aging and Nutrition, Alcohol and Health, Allergies and Intolerances, Alternative Medicines and Therapies, etc…
Visualiser le slug : pubs - début */ /* ----------------------------------------- */ /* .cut-title a { white-space: nowrap; text-overflow: ellipsis; overflow: hidden; height: 20px; display: inline-block; max-width: calc(100% - 22px); } */ #pubs a { text-decoration : none ; font-weight : normal ; } #pubs a:hover { text-decoration : underline ; } ul#pubs li:before { display : none ; } /* ----------------------------------------- */ /* Visualiser le slug : pubs - fin ...
Evangelou, E., Gao, H., Chu, C., Ntritsos, G., Blakeley, P., Butts, A., Pazoki, R., Suzuki, H., Koskeridis, F., Yiorkas, A., Karaman, I., Elliott, J., Luo, Q., Aeschbacher, S., Bartz, T., Baumeister, S., Braund, P., Brown, M., Brody, J., Clarke, T., Dimou, N., Faul, J., Homuth, G., Jackson, A., Kentistou, K., Joshi, P., Lemaitre, R., Lind, P., Lyytikäinen, L., Mangino, M., Milaneschi, Y., Nelson, C., Nolte, I., Perälä, M., Polasek, O., Porteous, D., Ratliff, S., Smith, J., Stančáková, A., Teumer, A., Tuominen, S., Thériault, S., Vangipurapu, J., Whitfield, J., Wood, A., Yao, J., Yu, B., Zhao, W., Arking, D., Auvinen, J., Liu, C., Männikkö, M., Risch, L., Rotter, J., Snieder, H., Veijola, J., Blakemore, A., Boehnke, M., Campbell, H., Conen, D., Eriksson, J., Grabe, H., Guo, X., van der Harst, P., Hartman, C., Hayward, C., Heath, A., Jarvelin, M., Kähönen, M., Kardia, S., Kühne, M., Kuusisto, J., Laakso, M., Lahti, J., Lehtimäki, T., McIntosh, A., Mohlke, K., Morrison, A., Martin, N., ...
Principal Investigator:DOUCHI Tsutomu, Project Period (FY):1997 - 1999, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Obstetrics and gynecology
Després, Jean-Pierre et al Role of Deep Abdominal Fat in the Association Between Regional Adipose Tissue Distribution and Glucose Tolerance in Obese Women. Diabetes 38.3 (1989): 304-309. Web. 31 July. 2021. ...
Central body fat distribution, independent of BMI, is tied to unfavorable patterns of renal hemodynamics that could explain the increased renal risk reported in previous studies.
Body Fat Tester- Body Fat TesterGet the low-down on body fat For those not content with the generalities and vagueness of the Body Mass Index method,
How much body fat is too much? Is all body fat bad? Whats the difference between good body fat and bad body fat? Should you even care?
You dont have to be over the hill to want to burn body fat and have a toned body. However, it goes without saying that the older you get, the harder it becomes to maintain a hard body. It is just another cruel trick that nature plays on us as the years pass us by; however, there is something you can do about it though.. First and foremost, if you currently exercise regularly, you should continue to do so. Exercise is perhaps the very best way to boost metabolism and burn calories, even when your body is at rest. If you find that you cannot get rid of stubborn body fat even with regular exercise, you may need to try a supplement that can help you burn body fat by raising your metabolism.. Keep in mind that there are literally hundreds of different weight loss pills on the market today, so you need to do some research before blinding trying any one of them. Ideally, you would want to try a supplement that is completely natural, without any harsh stimulants that can make you feel jittery. Caffeine ...
Wholesale Body Fat Analyzer ☆ Find 80 body fat analyzer products from 38 manufacturers & suppliers at EC21. ☆ Choose quality body fat analyzer manufacturers, suppliers & exporters now - EC21
I have been reading the forums for a little while now......and Id like some help. What is the fastest way to drop BF??? I am 55, 30%bf, 168lbs,
This is my first post. Please move this if it is in the wrong spot. I am 65 225lbs. 46yrs. 14% body fat. Just lost 25lbs of body fat in 80 days. I am
Looking for online definition of fat distribution in the Medical Dictionary? fat distribution explanation free. What is fat distribution? Meaning of fat distribution medical term. What does fat distribution mean?
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between body fat distribution and resting energy expenditure (REE) in obese women. Abdominal adiposity was determined by six different methods: waist to hip circumference ratio (WHR), sagittal diameter (SD), waist circumference, sagittal diameter/height (SD/H), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and the conicity index (CI). REE was determined by indirect calorimetry. When age, fat free mass, and fat mass were controlled for, SD and SD/H were the only anthropometric measures to correlate with REE at r = 0.63, P | .01 and r = 0.55, P | .05, respectively.
Abdominal adiposity is associated with metabolic and hormonal changes, many of which have been associated with the risk of premenopausal breast cancer. In the study to investigate the association between body fat distribution, assessed in 1993 by self-reported waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist to hip ratio, and the incidence of premenopausal breast cancer in the Nurses Health Study II, by the Harvard School of Public Health, posted in PubMed, indicated that during 426,164 person-years of follow-up from 1993 to 2005, 620 cases of breast cancer were diagnosed among 45,799 women. Hormone receptor status information was available for 84% of the breast cancers. The age-standardized incidence rates of breast cancer were 131 per 100,000 person-years among those in the lowest quintile of waist circumference and 136 per 100,000 person-years among those in the highest quintile. No statistically significant associations were found between waist circumference, hip circumference, or the ...
The relationship between antiretroviral treatment of HIV infection, body fat distribution, insulin resistance (HOMA), adipocytokine and apolipoprotein-B (apoB) kinetics was investigated in 12 HIV negative controls and 55 HIV-infected patients including antiretroviral treatment-naïve patients (n=15) and patients taking two nucleoside analogues plus either a protease inhibitor (PI, n=15) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI, n = 25). The HIV positive treatment groups had mild dyslipidaemia. The apo-B fractional clearance rate (FCR) was reduced in the HIV positive groups. Peripheral fat was lower in treated patients and correlated with duration of therapy. There was a positive correlation between peripheral fat and apo-B clearance rate and a negative correlation with apo-B pool size. Adiponectin was reduced in all HIV positive groups and correlated positively with HDL-cholesterol, apo-B FCR and limb fat and correlated negatively with plasma triglycerides and HOMA. In a linear ...
Difference between body fat percentage and bmi. . Body Fat Percentage in Colombian Adults with Overweight or Obesity. a convenient tool for assessing body fat percentage (BF%) in a sample of t-test showed a significant mean difference in BF% between the methods. BMI is also uninformative with regard to body fat distribution. waist-to-hip ratio (​WHR; WC/HC), height (cm) and body fat percentage (BF%). patterns in both sexes and no statistical differences between the effect estimates.. proteina isolada de soja 90 tabela nutricional.
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click Continue well assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you wont see this message again. Click Find out more for information on how to change your cookie settings ...
Women have more body fat than men, but in contrast to the deleterious metabolic consequences of the central obesity typical of men, the pear-shaped body fat distribution of many women is associated with lower cardiometabolic risk. To understand the mechanisms regulating adiposity and adipose tissue distribution in men and women, significant research attention has focused on comparing adipocyte morphological and metabolic properties, as well as the capacity of preadipocytes derived from different depots for proliferation and differentiation. Available evidence points to possible intrinsic, cell autonomous differences in preadipocytes and adipocytes, as well as modulatory roles for sex steroids, the microenvironment within each adipose tissue, and developmental factors. Gluteal-femoral adipose tissues of women may simply provide a safe lipid reservoir for excess energy, or they may directly regulate systemic metabolism via release of metabolic products or adipokines. We provide a brief overview of the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Obesity, adipose tissue distribution and health in men - The study of men born in 1913.. AU - Larsson, B.. AU - Seidell, J.C.. AU - Svärdsudd, K.. AU - Welin, L.. AU - Tibblin, G.. AU - Wilhelmsen, L.. AU - Björntorp, P.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. M3 - Article. VL - 13. SP - 37. EP - 44. JO - Appetite. JF - Appetite. SN - 0195-6663. ER - ...
A series of genetic variations linked to fat, obesity, and body shape have been discovered by an international team of 400 experts from more than 250 research institutions.. The scientists, who published their findings in the journal Nature Genetics on Sunday, found a total of 30 different variations which could help explain why some people are overweight, as well as why some people have apple or pear shaped physiques.. One study, led by researchers at Oxford University and the Medical Research Council, involved the analysis of the genetic codes of over 77,000 individuals. They were looking for regions which could be linked to differences in body fat distribution, according to a BBC News report, and discovered 13 areas which could help determine whether fat is more likely to be stored in the waist or the hips.. The researchers note that the genetic variations have a stronger impact on women than men, and that the 13 regions also include functions linked to the development of diabetes, including ...
Africa is experiencing a rapid increase in adult obesity and associated cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs). The H3Africa AWI-Gen Collaborative Centre was established to examine genomic and environmental factors that influence body composition, body fat distribution and CMD risk, with the aim to provide insights towards effective treatment and intervention strategies. It provides a research platform of over 10 500 participants, 40-60 years old, from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa.
New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution. Shungin D, Winkler TW, Croteau-Chonka DC, Ferreira T, Locke AE, Mägi R, Strawbridge RJ, Pers TH, Fischer K, Justice AE, Workalemahu T, Wu JM, Buchkovich ML, Heard-Costa NL, Roman TS, Drong AW, Song C, Gustafsson S, Day FR, Esko T, Fall T, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Randall JC, Scherag A, Vedantam S, Wood AR, Chen J, Fehrmann R, Karjalainen J, Kahali B, Liu CT, Schmidt EM, Absher D, Amin N, Anderson D, Beekman M, Bragg-Gresham JL, Buyske S, Demirkan A, Ehret GB, Feitosa MF, Goel A, Jackson AU, Johnson T, Kleber ME, Kristiansson K, Mangino M, Mateo Leach I, Medina-Gomez C, Palmer CD, Pasko D, Pechlivanis S, Peters MJ, Prokopenko I, Stan?áková A, Ju Sung Y, Tanaka T, Teumer A, Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Yengo L, Zhang W, Albrecht E, Ärnlöv J, Arscott GM, Bandinelli S, Barrett A, Bellis C, Bennett AJ, Berne C, Blüher M, Böhringer S, Bonnet F, Böttcher Y, Bruinenberg M, Carba DB, Caspersen IH, Clarke R, Daw EW, Deelen J, ...
15 patients diagnosed with CHI completed a 6-month EMS training programme using Miha bodytec machines. The amplitude was chosen by the patients according to their subjective sensation of muscle contraction/pulse sensation at level 8 on a ten-step scale. Before and after the 3 and 6 months of training, the cardiac performance was assessed by means of spiroergometry, electrocardiography (EKG) and echocardiogram. Furthermore, the metabolic status including creatine kinase (CK) and laktatedehydrogenase (LDH) and the patients weight and body fat distribution was determined (impedance scale).. ...
whats my body fat men women helpful images charts, what 4 specific body fat percentage ranges look like on men, body fat percentage chart and how to measure body fat, body fat men chart omarbay brianstern co, pin on workout
If you compare the results of both method, you will find that the variation of the body fat percentage for men are very high for some values. And there is no exact body fat range classification based on the calculated results. Different authorities have different classification based on their research. So, use this result as your brief reference. Always consult your doctor or your health advisor to give you a better objective valuation.. The guidance to use this spreadsheet is simple, just enter your body fat parameter measurement in the corresponding boxes, and the excel formula will give you the body fat percentage and the health classification range based on that percentage. ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Comparison with the methods for measuring body fat and investigation of interrelationships between anthropometry and body fat in adults. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Some people with HIV complain of weight and belly fat gain after they start HIV treatment. But researchers have not been able to determine what causes the ...
To use the Armys body fat calculator, go to an Army body fat calculator website such as Calculator.net or TheCalculator.co; enter in your age, gender, height, neck and waist measurements, and then...
How to lose body fat: It is important that you understand that losing body fat is not just about dieting or exercise. You need to get your thinking and attitudes right if you want any chance of succeeding with your weight loss. The main reason that most people are overweight is because they eat the… Read More »
Table of Contents Bacchetti P, Gripshover B, Grunfeld C, et al. Fat distribution in men with HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. October 1, ...
What is the truth about cutting body fat? Explore the latest scientific facts and discoveries that get down to the nitty-gritty of how fat is affecting you.
Brand Name: JunejourOrigin: CN(Origin)Health Scale Metal Bonding Point: Four-point TypeMaterial: Toughened GlassShape: SquareScale Type: DIGITALMaximum Weight Recommendation: as shownFunction: Body Fat and Water Content TestingPattern Type: SolidHealth Scale Weight Indication: DIGITALModel Number: M149735System: Androi
This level is characterized by muscle definition in most muscle groups and some clear vascularity (the showing of your veins) in areas such as arms, legs, and abs. 10-12% body fat: This level of body fat is a sustainable level for men. Your abs can be seen, but arent as chiseled or defined as a man with 6-7% body fat ...
Inside a lifestyle associated with blame-shifting all of us frequently search for somebody the reason for the situation. Being obese isnt any various -- whos
Its not by chance youve come! You know there is something youre not being told. Your search has landed you here and your arrival is very much anticipated. Youre In The Right Place! Youre looking for real solutions on how to lose weight and how to keep it off. The good news is…. Youre very […] ...
Action HoloRam® Reguline-M acts as a bio-regulator of the natural metabolic processes that promote the physiological balance of the weight and the distribution of body fat. Explanation HoloRam® Reguline-M is a precise combination of activated a
Body weight and fat distribution appear to be normal.[14]. *Increased anxiety-like behavior is seen.[15] In addition, the ... Body weight and fat distribution appear to be normal.[14]. *There is a lack of grossly apparent behavioral phenotypes, ... Body weight and body fat are increased.[14] There are signs of insulin resistance, as in PCOS in humans.[14] ... The ERα protein (pictured) mediates most of the effects of estrogens in the human body. ...
"Contribution of Breast Volume and Weight to Body Fat Distribution in Females". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 53 (1 ... The average breast weighs about 0.5 kilograms (1.1 lb).[97] Each breast contributes to about 4-5% of the body fat.[citation ... To help women meet the perceived ideal female body shape, corset and girdle manufacturers used a calculation called hip spring ... One of the tools used in the development of Tyrer's design has been a projective differential shape body analyzer for 40,000 ...
Björntorp P (September 1997). "Body fat distribution, insulin resistance, and metabolic diseases". Nutrition. 13 (9): 795-803. ... Certain researchers suggest that BPA actually decreases the fat cell count in the body, but at the same time increasing the ... Acting on insulin and leptin in the body, HFCS potentially increases appetite and fat production. Nicotine is the chemical ... A person's body composition is very much predetermined before birth and changes rarely occur in adulthood. Adipocyte numbers ...
A single report has suggested a beneficial effect from treatment with rosiglitazone on fat distribution in acquired partial ... preferential fat gain was in the lower body.[citation needed] Direct drug therapy is administered according to the associated ... Variable fat loss of the palms, but no loss of intramarrow or retro-orbital fat, has been demonstrated.[citation needed] In ... As a confirmatory test, whole-body MRI usually clearly demonstrates the extent of lipodystrophy. MRI is not recommended on a ...
Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contribute to weight gain and body fat distribution; although, only ... "Researchers discover DNA variants significantly influence body fat distribution". medicalxpress.com. Retrieved 2019-03-12. ... "Protein-coding variants implicate novel genes related to lipid homeostasis contributing to body-fat distribution". Nature ... January 2009). "Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation". Nat. ...
"Effect of climacteric transition and hormone replacement therapy on body weight and body fat distribution". Gynecological ... "Fat and female fecundity: prospective study of effect of body fat distribution on conception rates". BMJ. 306 (6876): 484-487 ... body fat distribution,[12] and hypertension in type 2 diabetes.[13] Stress[edit]. The stress hormone cortisol is regulated by ... These menopause-induced changes in body fat distribution can be counteracted with hormone replacement therapy.[31] In contrast ...
"Parent-Offspring Correlation for Body Measurements and Subcutaneous Fat Distribution". Human Biology. Detroit, the US: Wayne ...
The WHtR is a measure of the distribution of body fat. Higher values of WHtR indicate higher risk of obesity-related ... Allometric law Body fat percentage Body proportions (in figurative art) Body water Leg-to-body ratio Ponderal index Waist-hip ... stroke or death than the more widely used body mass index. However, a 2011 study that followed 60,000 participants for up to 13 ...
Fat-body prejudice appears as young as early childhood and continues into adult years. The problem of negative body-image ... These features include a figure where there is more fat distribution in the hip and thigh area, and vary between different ... In the 17th century fatter bodies were idealized. Victorian women were highly body conscious. They wore corsets to reduce their ... White, Michele (2009). "Networked bodies and extended corporealities: Theorizing the relationship between the body, embodiment ...
Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J (1 April 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and ... and cultural values favoring a larger body size are believed to contribute to the observed patterns. Attitudes toward body mass ... In this article, researchers found that limiting or prohibiting a child's access to foods high in fat, sugar, and energy led to ... Endocrine changes that occur during periods of malnutrition may promote the storage of fat once more calories become available ...
... body fat distribution, and insulin resistance". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Review). 87 (4): 801-9. doi:10.1093 ... New York: Grove Press, p.38 Chiolero, A; Faeh, D; Paccaud, F; Cornuz, J (Apr 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, ... Within all racial groups, it was found that weight concerns and negative body perceptions were a significant factor in an ... There is however "increasing evidence that smoking is conducive to greater accumulation of visceral fat and greater insulin ...
Tsai YS, Maeda N (April 2005). "PPARgamma: a critical determinant of body fat distribution in humans and mice". Trends in ... Low PPAR-gamma reduces the capacity of adipose tissue to store fat, resulting in increased storage of fat in nonadipose tissue ... The genes activated by PPARG stimulate lipid uptake and adipogenesis by fat cells. PPARG knockout mice are devoid of adipose ... 2002). "The role of PPARgamma in high-fat diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance". Journal of Diabetes and Its ...
O'Neill B, Simha V, Kotha V, Garg A (July 2007). "Body fat distribution and metabolic variables in patients with neonatal ... Asprosin was reported to stimulate glucose release from hepatocytes, and plasma levels of asprosin in obese high-fat-fed mice ... and inhibiting asprosin in obese mice reduced feeding and led to decreased body weight. Romere C, Duerrschmid C, Bournat J, ... and showed that plasma asprosin levels increased with fasting and high fat diet, and that asprosin stimulated glucose release ...
Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J (April 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and ... BMI is closely related to both percentage body fat and total body fat. In children, a healthy weight varies with age and sex. ... Increases in body fat alter the body's response to insulin, potentially leading to insulin resistance. Increased fat also ... It is defined by body mass index (BMI) and further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the waist-hip ratio and total ...
O'Neill B, Simha V, Kotha V, Garg A (2007). "Body fat distribution and metabolic variables in patients with neonatal progeroid ... Lizzie Velasquez weighs just four stone and has almost zero per cent body fat but she is not anorexic. [...] Despite consuming ... Normal amounts of subcutaneous fat are found in the torso over the chest and abdomen. As such, the breasts are normal in ... but this is not due to actual early aging and is instead due to their paucity of subcutaneous fat. As such, MPL is not truly a ...
Instead, triglycerides are used for storage in fly body fat and milk secretions. However, researchers have conducted laboratory ... Pollock, J. N. (1982). Training Manual for Tsetse Control Personnel: Tsetse biology, systematics and distribution; techniques. ... Their bodies tend to have varied dark and light patches, effectively camouflaging them on surfaces such as bark, rock, or soil ... At this stage, the adult's body is very soft while its wings are small and crumpled. After a few urinations, the wings will ...
"Contribution of Breast Volume and Weight to Body Fat Distribution in Females" (PDF). American Journal of Physical Anthropology ... The average breast weighs about 0.5 kilograms (1.1 lb). Each breast contributes to about 4-5% of the body fat.[citation needed ... Softer tissue require tightening when measuring, this to ensure that the bra band will fit snugly on the body and stay in place ... To help women meet the perceived ideal female body shape, corset and girdle manufacturers used a calculation called hip spring ...
"Contribution of breast volume and weight to body fat distribution in females" (PDF). Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 53 (1): 93-100. ... such as with breast implants or fat transfer. Pharmacological or hormonal breast enhancement, through administration of ...
"Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 87 (4): 801-9. ... Rosén T, Bosaeus I, Tölli J, Lindstedt G, Bengtsson BA (1993). "Increased body fat mass and decreased extracellular fluid ... "National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance. Diakses tanggal February 17, 2009.. *^ "ISAA Mission Statement". International ... Fumento, Michael (1997). The Fat of the Land: Our Health Crises and How Overweight Americans can Help Themselves. New York: ...
Association with Age and a Centripetal Distribution of Body Fat". Human Biology; an International Record of Research. 55, no. 2 ... The Tłįchǫ will have their own legislative bodies in the area's four communities, of which the chiefs must be Tłįchǫ, though ...
... that RLX promotes the shift from android to gynoid fat distribution, and prevents the uptrend of abdominal adiposity and body ... "Effects of raloxifene on body fat distribution and lipid profile in healthy post-menopausal women". Journal of Endocrinological ... for one year prevented body weight gain and abdominal adiposity by promoting a shift from an android to gynoid fat distribution ...
"Effect of climacteric transition and hormone replacement therapy on body weight and body fat distribution". Gynecological ... These menopause-induced changes in body fat distribution can be counteracted with hormone replacement therapy. In contrast, ... body fat distribution, and hypertension in type 2 diabetes. The stress hormone cortisol is regulated by the hypothalamic- ... "Superiority of skinfold measurements and waist over waist-to-hip ratio for determination of body fat distribution in a ...
Frank AP, de Souza Santos R, Palmer BF, Clegg DJ (October 2019). "Determinants of body fat distribution in humans may provide ... and female fat distribution. Conversely, androgens are responsible for pubic and body hair growth, as well as acne and axillary ... and legs but decreased abdominal and visceral fat (androgenic obesity).Estradiol also regulates energy expenditure, body weight ... Janssen I, Powell LH, Kazlauskaite R, Dugan SA (March 2010). "Testosterone and visceral fat in midlife women: the Study of ...
Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 87 (4): 801-9. PMID ... Increased body fat mass and decreased extracellular fluid volume in adults with growth hormone deficiency". Clin. Endocrinol. ( ... The Fat of the Land: Our Health Crises and How Overweight Americans can Help Themselves. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14- ... The Fat of the Land: Our Health Crisis and How Overweight Americans Can Help Themselves. Penguin (Non-Classics). p. 126. ISBN 0 ...
Evidence for a role of developmental genes in the origin of obesity and body fat distribution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 ... 2006: Joslin researchers find that specific genes can determine both obesity and body-fat distribution in humans. 2009: ... 1996: A molecular pathway (called NF-κB) is identified in fat and the liver that is activated by obesity (and a fatty diet) and ... Researchers in the lab of C. Ronald Kahn discover that brown fat is present in some adults, providing a new target for the ...
"Polymorphism of DsbA-L gene associates with insulin secretion and body fat distribution in Chinese population". Endocrine ...
"The Relationship of Internalized Racism to Body Fat Distribution and Insulin Resistance among African Adolescent Youth." ... higher body fat measures and other measures of psychological distress. These studies imply that internalized racism subjects ...
"Body Fat Distribution and Risk of Non-Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus in Women: The Nurses' Health Study". American Journal ... Trans Fats: link between CHD and consumption of trans fatty acids. Initially met with skepticism, it ultimately led to trans ... Munger, Kassandra L.; Chitnis, Tanuja; Ascherio, Alberto (2009-11-10). "Body size and risk of MS in two cohorts of US women". ... "Final Determination Regarding Partially Hydrogenated Oils (Removing Trans Fat)". Retrieved 2020-11-15. COLDITZ, GRAHAM A.; ...
"Biology of Regional Body Fat Distribution: Relationship of to non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus". Findings in this study ... Its twofold objective is to sponsor research and foster support groups in human body weight control. Most members refer to the ... found those who spent three years in TOPS lost five to seven percent of their body weight and kept it off." TOPS also supports ...
Lamm Equation Modeling and Sedimentation Coefficient Distributions c(s). Biophysical Journal, Vol. 89, 2005. pp. 619-634. ... regardless of where it was sampled from in the body, was unprecedented and favored the idea that proteins are macromolecules ... Removing fat from milk to produce skimmed milk. *Separating particles from an air-flow using cyclonic separation ...
Human population density was very low, around only one person per square mile.[3] This was most likely due to low body fat, ... Distribution[edit]. At the beginning of the Paleolithic, hominins were found primarily in eastern Africa, east of the Great ... The Lower Paleolithic Homo erectus possibly invented rafts (c. 840,000 - c. 800,000 BP) to travel over large bodies of water, ... Gavashelishvili, A.; Tarkhnishvili, D. (2016). "Biomes and human distribution during the last ice age". Global Ecology and ...
... and fat harvested from the person's own body (autologous fat transfer).[161] ... described as discrete slightly raised scars in a linear distribution similar to a tram track). The latter is thought to be ... "The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . ... some soldiers in tropical climates developed such severe and widespread tropical acne on their bodies that they were declared ...
... the body to convert consumed carbohydrates into fat and to suppress carbohydrate and fat oxidation.[22][23] Ethanol is directly ... Alcohol laws regulate the manufacture, packaging, labelling, distribution, sale, consumption, blood alcohol content of motor ... Such laws may take the form of permitting distribution only to licensed stores, monopoly stores, or pubs and they are often ... Excessive daily calorie intake may contribute to an increase in body weight and "beer belly". In addition to the direct effect ...
Administrative bodies,. courts Prisons Clinics Asylums Schools,. youth. houses,. kindergartens High. schools Gymnasiums,. ... "Smoked out?" The Buffalo News, 18 February 2004."N.Y. restaurants cutting trans fat from menus," The Washington Times, 6 ... Supply And Distribution) Act, 2003". Nyaaya.in. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2017.. ... bodies through the skin, or be re-emitted as gases after they have left the smoky environment. Concern about third-hand smoke ...
... reduced body hair growth/density, decreased muscle mass and strength, feminine changes in fat mass and distribution, and ... However, because estrogens are made from androgens in the body, antiandrogens that suppress androgen production can cause low ... from mediating their biological effects in the body. They act by blocking the androgen receptor (AR) and/or inhibiting or ... the development of masculine secondary sexual characteristics like male-pattern facial and body hair growth (or hirsutism), ...
They are warm-blooded, and have a layer of fat, or blubber, under the skin. With streamlined fusiform bodies and two limbs that ... These vary from size, to coloration, to distribution, but they all share a similar hunting style. They use a suction technique ... This milk contains high amounts of fat which is meant to hasten the development of blubber; it contains so much fat that it has ... These animals have very large heads, which can make up as much as 40% of their body mass, and much of the head is the mouth. ...
"Iguana Internal Body Parts". Reptile & Parrots Forum. Retrieved 2017-04-22.. *^ Wang, Tobias; Altimiras, Jordi; Klein, Wilfried ... Global reptile distribution (excluding birds) Because some reptiles are more closely related to birds than they are to other ... The yolk sac (2) surrounding the yolk (3) contains protein and fat rich nutrients that are absorbed by the embryo via vessels ( ... The Vertebrate Body. 5th ed. Saunders, Philadelphia. (6th ed. 1985) *^ Gilbert, SF; Corfe, I (May 2013). "Turtle origins: ...
... bioarchaeologists focus on these parts of the body when determining sex, although other body parts can also be used. The female ... or fat in the diet. Compared to other plants, legumes have lower 14N/15N ratios because they can fix molecular nitrogen, rather ... Bazarsad posits several reasons for this distribution of cribra orbitalia: adults may have lower rates of cribra orbitalia than ... That as the body attempts to compensate for low iron levels by increasing red blood cell production in the young, sieve-like ...
Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J. Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance ... 肥胖指的是體脂肪過度堆積而對健康造成負面影響的身體狀態[8]:6。肥胖最初的定義以身體質量指數(Body Mass Index, BMI)為指標,之後也加入了其他標準,例如評估腰臀比或其他心血管病症風險因子[20][21]:14。BMI與體脂肪率和體脂肪 ... Increased body fat mass and decreased extracellular fluid volume in adults with
Raw ginger is composed of 79% water, 18% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and 1% fat (table). In 100 grams (a standard amount used to ... Dry ginger is most popularly traded between Asian countries through a unique distribution system involving a network of small ... "body" (describing the shape of its root), but that may be folk etymology.[6] The word probably was readopted in Middle English ... since these farms are family run the distribution of work is more dependent on the family situation rather than gender. For ...
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses, 2nd Edition by John B. Dunning Jr. (Editor). CRC Press (2008 ... a b Radović, A., & Mikuska, T. (2009). Population size, distribution and habitat selection of the white-tailed eagle Haliaeetus ... this led to some fishermen using eagle fat, smeared on their bait, to increase their catch.[18] ... The distribution and breeding ecology of the White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla (L.) in Iceland. B.Sc. (Hons.) thesis. ...
... who had previously adapted King's 1982 novella The Body into the 1986 film Stand by Me, planned to cast Tom Cruise as Andy and ... Frank Medrano plays Fat Ass, one of Andy's fellow new inmates who is beaten to death by Hadley,[5][14] and Bill Bolender plays ... s domestic distribution rights-holder Columbia Pictures, which offered a list of lower-priced titles, one of which was Gilda.[ ...
Stirling, Ian (1988). "Distribution and Abundance". Polar Bears *↑ 25,0 25,1 25,2 25,3 25,4 Perrin, W. F.; Wursig, B.; ... Lockyer, Christina (1991). "Body composition of the sperm whale, Physeter cation, with special reference to the possible ... functions of fat depots" (PDF). Journal of the Marine Research Institute. 12 (2). ISSN 0484-9019 ... Global distribution and conservation of marine mammals *↑ Uhen, M. D. (2007). "Evolution of marine mammals: Back to the sea ...
One study showed pu'er tea suppresses fat production in rats.[39] Pu'er tea is widely sold, by itself or in blends, with ... Its shape is similar to tuóchá, but larger in size, with a much thicker body decorated with pumpkin-like ribbing. This shape ... Pu'er tea distribution in Yunnan]. 7yunnan.cn. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-12-02.. ... unsubstantiated claims that it promotes loss of body weight in humans. Unlike pu'er, some Bianxiao brick tea has been found to ...
These compounds are stored in the body's fat, and when the fatty tissues are used for energy, the compounds are released and ... Ideal free distribution. *Intermediate disturbance hypothesis. *Insular biogeography. *Land change modeling. *Landscape ecology ... One example is the tobacco hornworm, which concentrates nicotine to a toxic level in its body as it consumes tobacco plants. ... Other lipid-soluble (fat-soluble) poisons include tetraethyllead compounds (the lead in leaded petrol), and DDT. ...
... s also play a role in the production of bile acids important for the absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins, ... Evert RF, Eichhorn SE (2006). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their Structure, Function ... Distribution of peroxisomes (white) in HEK 293 cells during mitosis. Peroxisome in rat neonatal cardiomyocyte ...
It is also a favorable portion of the spectrum for observing ionized H II regions, and for examining the distribution of dusty ... and then a number of such bodies accrete to form a larger galaxy.[109] Once protogalaxies began to form and contract, the first ... "Fat or flat: Getting galaxies into shape". phys.org. February 2014 *^ Bertin & Lin 1996, pp. 65-85 ... Kraan-Korteweg, R. C.; Juraszek, S. (2000). "Mapping the hidden Universe: The galaxy distribution in the Zone of Avoidance". ...
It is a retinoid, meaning it is related to vitamin A, and is found in small quantities naturally in the body. Its isomer, ... Oral Isotretinoin is best absorbed when taken with a high-fat meal, because it has a high level of lipophilicity.[74] The ... officially discontinued both the manufacture and distribution of their Accutane brand in the United States due to what the ... in various cells in the body. Cell death may be instigated in the meibomian glands,[30][55] hypothalamic cells,[56] hippocampus ...
Animal fats including tallow, lard, yellow grease, chicken fat,[94] and the by-products of the production of Omega-3 fatty ... Distribution[edit]. Since the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, biodiesel use has been increasing in the United States. ... Recently, alligator fat was identified as a source to produce biodiesel. Every year, about 15 million pounds of alligator fat ... "Biodiesel from Animal Fat". E85.whipnet.net. Retrieved 2008-01-07.. *^ "Biodiesel produced from "tra", "basa" catfish oil". ...
... or aggregate bodies into their principles; and of composing such bodies from those principles.[37] In 1837, Jean-Baptiste Dumas ... rendering fat into soap, making glass, and making alloys like bronze. Chemistry was preceded by its protoscience, alchemy, ... the energies and distributions characterize the availability of an electron to bond to another atom. ... drawing the spirits from bodies and bonding the spirits within bodies by the early 4th century Greek-Egyptian alchemist Zosimos ...
Fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K are not considered essential but have shown to significantly improve the number of brood ... Apis cerana japonica forming a ball around two hornets: The body heat trapped by the ball will overheat and kill the hornets. ... their distribution later converging. ... Origin, systematics and distribution[edit]. Distribution of ... The sting and associated venom sac of honey bees are modified so as to pull free of the body once lodged (autotomy), and the ...
"When you feel your own equal in the body of a beautiful woman, just as ready to forget the world for you as you for her - oh my ... "During sixty years from 1937 he also wrote over forty articles on the origins, distribution, and nature of life, taking the ... "Fat Man" weapon dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.[33] ... awarded the Fields medal for his work on distributions.[314]. * ... "of the black body form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.[326] ...
Distribution and diversity[edit]. Main article: List of locust species. Several species of grasshoppers swarm as locusts in ... The adults are larger with different body proportions, less sexual dimorphism, and higher metabolic rates. They mature more ... A serving of 100 g of desert locust provides 11.5 g of fat, 53.5% of which is unsaturated, and 286 mg of cholesterol.[81] Among ... The desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) is probably the best known species owing to its wide distribution (North Africa, ...
... and may bind non-specifically to a variety of entities in the brain and body, such as adipose tissue (fat).[25][26] ... Dronabinol has a large apparent volume of distribution, approximately 10 L/kg, because of its lipid solubility. The plasma ... Detection in body fluidsEdit. Main article: Cannabis drug testing. THC and its 11-OH-THC and THC-COOH metabolites can be ... THC is metabolized mainly to 11-OH-THC by the body. This metabolite is still psychoactive and is further oxidized to 11-nor-9- ...
... as well as the rest of the lower body. Clothes for the lower body, as well as the clothes of menstruating women, are washed ... "Changes in the Spatial Distribution of the Roma Population in Hungary During the Last Decades" (PDF). Területi Statisztika. doi ... "There are Gypsies in America? Where?", My big, fat American Gypsy wedding, TLC, 17 April 2012. ... Distribution of the Romani people in Europe (2007 Council of Europe "average estimates", totalling 9.8 million)[228] ...
... where it is colloquially known as body fat.. aerobic. Capable of surviving and growing in the presence of oxygen.. aerobiology ... The study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. Organisms and ... A type of fertilization in which a sperm unites with an egg external to the body or bodies of the parent organisms. Contrast ... A type of animal, such as a flatworm, with a body plan that lacks a fluid-filled cavity between the body wall and the digestive ...
Research councils are (usually public) bodies that provide research funding in the form of research grants or scholarships. ... a fat substitute manufactured by the Procter & Gamble (P&G), and their financial relationships with the food and beverage ... Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council in the United Kingdom has devised an alternative method of fund-distribution ... The bodies providing public funding are often referred to as research councils. ...
Female subjects on average had a higher percentage of body fat (mean, 26.0; range, 16.7-36.8%) than males (mean, 18.0; range, ... "Determination of Volume of Distribution for Ethanol in Male and Female Subjects". Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 20 (5): ... Body weight 40 kg. 90 lb 45 kg. 100 lb 55 kg. 120 lb 64 kg. 140 lb 73 kg. 160 lb 82 kg. 180 lb 91 kg. 200 lb 100 kg. 220 lb 109 ... r is the ratio of body water to total weight. It varies between individuals but averages about 0.68 for men and 0.55 for women ...
Body Fat Distribution Adipose tissue accumulation is referred to as body fat distribution. For individuals with android (apple- ... It is also an indicator for obesity . Gynoid (pear-shaped) distribution is associated with body fat that accumulates around the ... Specific body fat distribution is often determined by measuring the waist-to-hip ratio, which is the circumference of the waist ... faqs.org » Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z » Ar-Bu » Body Fat Distribution ...
A study of more than 1800 men in Iceland suggests that certain patterns of body fat distribution are associated with more ... Body fat distribution may be related to prostate cancer aggressiveness. Men with high levels of visceral fat have an increased ... Analyzing Body Fat Distribution Obesity measures such as BMI and waist circumference have been consistently associated with an ... To examine the role of body fat distribution in prostate cancer risk, the researchers studied data from the Age, Gene/ ...
... that suggests an increased prevalence of psychosocial stress factors is associated with visceral distribution of body fat. ... Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see this page from the Diabetes Care web site. ... the endocrine aberrations may provide a cause for visceral fat accumulation, probably due to regional differences in steroid- ... which contributes to an endocrine aberration leading to metabolic aberrations and visceral fat accumulation, which in turn ...
gluteo-femoral fat depots. More recently, mounting evidence has been supporting the role of adipose tissue function in the ... Traditionally, adipose tissue in the visceral fat depot has been considered a major culprit in the development of insulin ... However, there is a growing body of evidence supporting the role of subcutaneous truncal/abdominal adipose tissue in the ... hypertrophy can trigger a vicious cycle of inflammation leading to subcutaneous adipose tissue dysfunction and ectopic fat ...
It is clear that increased body fat affects health, the news is that its distribution on the body influences the state of ... The total mass of the body is made up of fat mass and fat-free mass. The fat mass can be of two types: essential and excess. ... There is a relationship between overall fat deposits and specific fat deposits: fat around the body middle section is ... sex-specific fat. Thus the total percentage of body fat is higher, moreover, this part of essential fat is hard to dislodge. ...
BRAIN »Insulin »body fat »cardiovascular disease »fat distribution »insulin resistance »subcutaneous fat »visceral fat ... body fat , cardiovascular disease , fat distribution , insulin resistance , subcutaneous fat , visceral fat ... Brain Insulin Sensitivity Determines Body Weight and Fat Distribution. 27.04.2020. Just where fat is deposited in the body and ... It was found that insulin action in the brain not only determines body weight, but also the distribution of fat in the body. ...
Plasma glucose and insulin levels during oral glucose loading were significantly higher in women with predominantly upper body ... The importance of body fat distribution as a predictor of metabolic aberrations was evaluated in 9 nonobese and 25 obese, ... Relation of body fat distribution to metabolic complications of obesity J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1982 Feb;54(2):254-60. doi: ... The importance of body fat distribution as a predictor of metabolic aberrations was evaluated in 9 nonobese and 25 obese, ...
Insulin Resistance, Body Fat Distribution, and Sex Hormones in Men. Steven M Haffner, Pauli Karhapää, Leena Mykkänen, Markku ... Insulin Resistance, Body Fat Distribution, and Sex Hormones in Men. Steven M Haffner, Pauli Karhapää, Leena Mykkänen, Markku ... Insulin Resistance, Body Fat Distribution, and Sex Hormones in Men Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ... total whole-body glucose disposal (r = −0.54), glucose oxidation (r = −0.23), and nonoxidative whole-body glucose disposal (r ...
... 12.07.2010 ... but there is still a lot to learn about why body fat distribution varies so much between people. Our research helps by putting ... fat cells »heart disease »stem cell research »stem cells »type 2 diabetes »vascular disease »visceral fat ... fat cells , heart disease , stem cell research , stem cells , type 2 diabetes , vascular disease , visceral fat ...
Sexual dimorphism of age-related changes in whole-body fat distribution in the obese.. Kotani K1, Tokunaga K, Fujioka S, ... These data suggest that there is a definite gender difference in the age-related changes in whole-body fat distribution, ... scans in order to clarify age-related changes in whole-body fat distribution in both genders. The subjects were 66 men and 96 ... After calibrating to the total fat volumes, the relationship between age and the relative segmental fat volumes was analysed. ...
As for body fat distribution in the single-treatment group, visceral fat area (VFA) decreased (from 118.3 +/- 54.3 to 101.1 ... Effect of troglitazone on body fat distribution in type 2 diabetic patients.. ... Effect of troglitazone on body fat distribution in type 2 diabetic patients. ... Effect of troglitazone on body fat distribution in type 2 diabetic patients. ...
... associated with rKOA in women and suggests that precise measurements of body composition and measures of fat distribution may ... Anthropometric measures, body composition, body fat distribution, and knee osteoarthritis in women Obesity (Silver Spring). ... the contributions of the components of body composition, body fat distribution, and height to this association are not clear. ... body composition, and fat distribution measures adjusting for age, ethnicity, and prior knee injury. ...
Body-fat distribution is a risk factor for adverse cardiovascular health consequences. We analyzed the association of body-fat ... Protein-coding variants implicate novel genes related to lipid homeostasis contributing to body-fat distribution.. Justice AE1, ... PROTEIN-CODING VARIANTS IMPLICATE NOVEL GENES RELATED TO LIPID HOMEOSTASIS CONTRIBUTING TO BODY FAT DISTRIBUTION ... PROTEIN-CODING VARIANTS IMPLICATE NOVEL GENES RELATED TO LIPID HOMEOSTASIS CONTRIBUTING TO BODY FAT DISTRIBUTION ...
Recommendations on metabolic alterations and body fat distribution, studies should focus on the evaluation of body fat ... Peripheral Body Fat Distribution After Switching Zidovudine and Lamivudine to Truvada (RECOMB). This study has been completed. ... This study evaluated changes in body fat distribution in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected participants who ... Open-label and Controlled Study to Assess the Evolution of Peripheral Body Fat Distribution After Switching From Zidovudine ...
Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of ... New Genetic Loci Link Adipose and Insulin Biology to Body Fat Distribution. Citation. Shungin, Dmitry; Winkler, Thomas W.; ... 2015). New Genetic Loci Link Adipose and Insulin Biology to Body Fat Distribution. Nature, 518(7538), 187-196. PMCID: ... To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, ...
List of therapeutic drug classes that are associated with significant weight gain and changes in fat distribution ( ... Drugs Affecting Body Weight and Fat Distribution DRUGS AFFECTING BODY WEIGHT AND FAT DISTRIBUTION. ... Drugs That Affect Body Weight, Body Fat Distribution, and Metabolism. 2019 Feb 11. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, et al ... Induces intrahepatic fat accumulation with up to six-fold increase in hepatic fat content and more severe increase in ...
... assessment of body fat distribution is equally as important as measurement of total body fat. Traditionally, body fat ... Body Composition and Fat Distribution. Current techniques for assessing body composition and fat distribution in children are ... Body Fat Distribution. In adults, intraabdominal adipose tissue (body fat around the visceral organs) is related to negative ... Moreover, additional studies are needed to examine 1) the relationship between body fat and fat distribution and health risk in ...
Associations of plasma CD36 and body fat distribution. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk. * Body Fat Distribution Medicin ... Associations of plasma CD36 and body fat distribution. I: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2019 ; Bind 104, Nr ... Associations of plasma CD36 and body fat distribution. Yeli Wang, Manja Koch, Romina di Giuseppe, Kirsten Evans, Jan Borggrefe ... title = "Associations of plasma CD36 and body fat distribution",. author = "Yeli Wang and Manja Koch and {di Giuseppe}, Romina ...
Discover a faster, simpler path to publishing in a high-quality journal. PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and wide readership - a perfect fit for your research every time. Learn More Submit Now ...
e.g. VAT:1.42; 0.84, 2.41). Conclusions In obese women, but less so in men, measures of body fat distribution, of which VAT ... In obese women, all measures of body fat distribution except aSAT (OR per SD:0.76, 95%CI: 0.53, 1.10) were associated with ... Since it is unclear whether body fat distribution is also important in men and women with obesity we investigated the ... Associations between measures of body fat distribution and presence of ≥1 risk factor, such as hypertension or ...
... body fat mass (BMF), subcutaneous and visceral fat mass (SFM, VFM), lean body mass (LBM), skeletal muscle mass (SMM). In serum ... The study involved 95 volunteers (BMI from 23.3 to 53 kg/m2). Anthropometric parameters were measured: body weight and height, ... we observed a positive correlation between LEP and body weight, BMI and WHR. Studies on ADPN and the ADPN/LEP ratio as a ... adiponectin significantly negatively correlated with body height and weight, systolic blood pressure and absolute LBM and SMM ...
Central obesity, measured by waist circumference (WC) or waist-hip ratio (WHR), is a marker of body fat distribution. Although ... "Genome-Wide Association of Body Fat Distribution in African Ancestry Populations Suggests New Loci." PLoS Genetics 9 (8): ... Genome-Wide Association of Body Fat Distribution in African Ancestry Populations Suggests New Loci. ... We identified loci associated with fat distribution in AA individuals using meta-analyses of GWA results for WC and WHR (stage ...
Relation of endometrial cancer risk to past and contemporary body size and body fat distribution.. C A Swanson, N Potischman, G ... Relation of endometrial cancer risk to past and contemporary body size and body fat distribution. ... Relation of endometrial cancer risk to past and contemporary body size and body fat distribution. ... Relation of endometrial cancer risk to past and contemporary body size and body fat distribution. ...
... Shungin, Dmitry LU ; Winkler, Thomas W; Croteau- ... Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of ... Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of ... To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, ...
3 113JEMDSA Obesity is defined as an excess accumulation of body fat associated with increased fat cell size and number. ... Keyword(s) : Body fat distribution, Ethnicity, Insulin resistance and Measurement * Accreditation : Department of Higher ... oa Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes in South Africa - Body fat distribution and insulin resistance : review ... 3 113JEMDSA Obesity is defined as an excess accumulation of body fat associated with increased fat cell size and number. ...
Influence of body size and body fat distribution on risk of uterine leiomyomata in U.S. black women. Epidemiology 16(3):346-354 ... Obesity, body fat distribution, and risk of breast cancer subtypes in African American women participating in the AMBER ... but few studies have evaluated the impact of obesity and body fat distribution on breast cancer subtypes in AA women. We ... Comparisons of percentage body fat, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-stature ratio in adults. American J Clin ...
... high-carbohydrate diet on body weight, body composition, and fat distribution in older men and women: a randomized controlled ... PubMed journal article Effects of an ad libitum low-fat, ... body_weight_body_composition_and_fat_distribution_in_older_men_ ... AgedAged, 80 and overBody CompositionBody ConstitutionBody Mass IndexBody WeightDiet, Fat-RestrictedDietary CarbohydratesEnergy ... Effects of an ad libitum low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet on body weight, body composition, and fat distribution in older men ...
The body fat distribution calculator shows percentile rank & average for US men and women. Choose which estimate type to use ... Using the Body Fat Comparison Calculator. *Body Fat Percentage - enter a body fat percentage to compare against the various ... It can estimate distributions for either DEXA scan body fat percentages or Caliper or Hydrostatic Weighing body fat percentage ... where all body mass is treated as Body Fat and Lean. The most popular two-compartment body fat percentage models, derived from ...
2015). New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution. Nature, 518 (7538), 187−196. DOI: 10.1038/ ... New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution ... New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution. ...
Association of Incident Carcinoma of the Endometrium with Body Weight and Fat Distribution in Older Women: Early Findings of ... Association of Incident Carcinoma of the Endometrium with Body Weight and Fat Distribution in Older Women: Early Findings of ... Association of Incident Carcinoma of the Endometrium with Body Weight and Fat Distribution in Older Women: Early Findings of ... Association of Incident Carcinoma of the Endometrium with Body Weight and Fat Distribution in Older Women: Early Findings of ...
  • Body composition and fat distribution were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography. (harvard.edu)
  • In a population-based prospective cohort study among 6178 children aged 6 years, we measured BMI, fat mass index, android/gynoid ratio, and preperitoneal and subcutaneous fat mass by physical examinations, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and ultrasound, respectively. (eur.nl)
  • Trunk-leg fat ratio, percentage of body fat, and body fat mass were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (QDR 2000). (nii.ac.jp)
  • Body weight, height, and body fat distribution were measured with a digital scale, wall-mounted stadiometer, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, respectively, on 708 healthy black, white, and Hispanic women 16 to 33 years of age. (utmb.edu)
  • Specifically, we will genotype over 4.3 million single nucleotide polymorphisms in 2,000 Multiethnic Cohort participants, common to all four projects, who will undergo body composition assessment by whole-body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and abdominal magnetic resonance imaging. (grantome.com)
  • Adiposity and body fat distribution were measured by anthropometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), while %DBV and ADBV were measured by magnetic resonance imaging. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The aim of this study is to correlate results of anthropometric indices of evaluation of body fat distribution with the results obtained by Dual-energy X-Ray Absorptiometry(DEXA), in people living with HIV/AIDS. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Specific body fat distribution is often determined by measuring the waist-to-hip ratio, which is the circumference of the waist divided by the circumference of the hips. (faqs.org)
  • While increases in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were, as expected, associated with a significant increased risk of both advanced and fatal prostate cancer, the accumulation of fat in specific areas also influenced the risk. (medscape.com)
  • Men with higher visceral fat had, unsurprisingly, a higher BMI and waist circumference than men with less visceral fat. (medscape.com)
  • We identify 49 loci (33 new) associated with waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (BMI), and an additional 19 loci newly associated with related waist and hip circumference measures (P (unc.edu)
  • Anthropometric parameters were measured: body weight and height, waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, body fat mass (BMF), subcutaneous and visceral fat mass (SFM, VFM), lean body mass (LBM), skeletal muscle mass (SMM). (mdpi.com)
  • Central obesity, measured by waist circumference (WC) or waist-hip ratio (WHR), is a marker of body fat distribution. (harvard.edu)
  • Upper-body obesity (waist-to-thigh circumference ratio) was a risk factor independent of body weight. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Orison O. Woolcott & Richard N. Bergman (2018) [1] found an accurate method to estimate DXA body fat percentage from waist circumference and standing height . (dqydj.com)
  • For example, insulin, cholesterol, VLDL, and certain triacylglycerols (TG 54:1-3) correlated to VAT in women, while in men VAT was associated with TG 50:1-5, TG 55:1, phosphatidylcholine (PC 32:0), and VLDL ((X)L). Moreover, multiple regression analysis revealed that waist circumference and total fat were sufficient to predict VAT and SAT in women. (metabolomicscentre.nl)
  • Meta-analysis of four long-term studies with sibutramine showed a significantly greater decrease in waist circumference , as an indicator of visceral fat mass, in sibutramine-treated subjects compared with those receiving placebo (53). (78stepshealth.us)
  • Results: There were no differences between the two overweight groups for total fat mass, central abdominal fat, BMI, waist circumference, leptin, or the HEI. (vt.edu)
  • Larger waist circumference or waist-hip ratio, as crude indicators of visceral fat mass, are associated with adverse metabolic profile, but their role in predicting future coronary heart disease (CHD) events has been less investigated. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Findings from recent large genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for various measures of body fat distribution (including waist-to-hip ratio, hip or waist circumference, trunk fat percentage and the ratio of android and gynoid fat percentage) emphasize the strong sexual dimorphism in the genetic regulation of fat distribution traits. (ox.ac.uk)
  • 05) were noted for the women's lower body obesity (LBO) subgroup between pre and post training variables for the following: %BF, VO2max and abdomen and hip circumference measurements. (bsu.edu)
  • a SD increase in body mass index (BMI), percentage fat mass, waist circumference and the android:gynoid fat mass ratio (A:G ratio) was each associated significantly with a 44.4 to 47.0% decrease in %DBV after adjustment for childhood BMI and other covariates. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Waist circumference and waist-stature ratio can also help indicate body fatness. (freedieting.com)
  • You may have heard it described as an 'apple' body type when the waist circumference is greater than that of the hips. (davidwolfe.com)
  • Adipose tissue accumulation is referred to as body fat distribution. (faqs.org)
  • Traditionally, adipose tissue in the visceral fat depot has been considered a major culprit in the development of insulin resistance. (mdpi.com)
  • However, there is a growing body of evidence supporting the role of subcutaneous truncal/abdominal adipose tissue in the development of insulin resistance. (mdpi.com)
  • More recently, mounting evidence has been supporting the role of adipose tissue function in the development of metabolic complications independent of adipose tissue volume or distribution. (mdpi.com)
  • Decreased capacity for adipocyte differentiation and angiogenesis along with adipocyte hypertrophy can trigger a vicious cycle of inflammation leading to subcutaneous adipose tissue dysfunction and ectopic fat deposition. (mdpi.com)
  • During development, some groups of stem cells will go on to become adipose cells - the large globular cells that store and metabolise fats from our diets. (innovations-report.com)
  • This research suggests that the distribution of visceral versus subcutaneous adipose cells is at least in part down to the nutrition available to stem cells during the early stages of development. (innovations-report.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: According to our data, troglitazone appears to promote fat accumulation in the subcutaneous adipose tissue rather than in the visceral adipose tissue in mildly obese Japanese people with type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • These data indicate that both obesity and the distribution of adipose tissue accumulated during adult life increase endometrial cancer risk substantially. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Notably, the genetic loci associated with body fat distribution, which show sexual dimorphism, are located near genes that are expressed in adipose tissues and/or adipose cells. (ox.ac.uk)
  • For example, in animal and human studies, female sex is protected from dysmetabolism thanks to young individuals' ability to partition fatty acids towards ketone body production rather than very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-triacylglycerol, and to sex-specific browning of white adipose tissue. (springer.com)
  • Android fat distribution describes the distribution of human adipose tissue mainly around the buttocks and upper body, in areas such as the abdomen, chest, shoulder and nape of the neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • 50% of the variance in abdominal fat mass observed in humans is due to genetic factors The cellular characteristics of adipose tissue in android and [gynoid] obese women are different. (wikipedia.org)
  • Logistic regression models examined the association between rKOA and the fourth compared with the first quartiles of anthropometric, body composition, and fat distribution measures adjusting for age, ethnicity, and prior knee injury. (nih.gov)
  • Anthropometric indicators thought to reflect early environmental influences (e.g., height and sitting height), current weight, and fat distribution patterns were measured directly. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Body fat distribution in pre-and post-menopausal women: metabolic and anthropometric variables. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Upper body fat distribution is the most important determinant of hyperlipidemia among the anthropometric variables. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Risk of breast, endometrial, colorectal, and renal cancers in postmenopausal women in association with a body shape index and other anthropometric measures. (openrepository.com)
  • Chapel Hill, North Carolina - A new breakthrough from the Genetic Investigation of Anthropometric Traits consortium, which includes many public health researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, identifies multiple genetic variants associated with how the body regulates and distributes body-fat tissue. (mindzilla.com)
  • Prospective studies utilizing standardized anthropometric methods for the assessment of body fat distribution as well as precise, consistent methods for the measurement of the metabolic variables in the obese and non-obese are necessary.In particular, longitudinal studies investigating the effects of intervention treatments on body fat distribution are warranted. (bsu.edu)
  • There were no significant differences in anthropometric variables, energy and macronutrient intake, and subcutaneous fat thickness in trunk and limbs . (bvsalud.org)
  • When age, fat free mass, and fat mass were controlled for, SD and SD/H were the only anthropometric measures to correlate with REE at r = 0.63, P (udayton.edu)
  • Accurate methods for body composition analysis are expensive and the use of anthropometric indices is an alternative. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Anthropometric indices, especially waist/height ratio may be a good alternative way to be used for evaluating the distribution of fat in the abdominal region of adults living with HIV/ADIS. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, investigations concerning the use of anthropometric indices to assess the risks related to excess fat in PLWHA are still scarce, and literature suggests that, for most methods of body composition assessment, the parameters assumed to be true for one population group may not be the same for others[ 9 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of the present study is to correlate results of some anthropometric indices with values obtained by DEXA, in order to assess whether these indices can be used for diagnosis of excess central fat in people living with HIV/AIDS. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The relation of body fat distribution as measured by the ratio of waist to hip circumferences (WHR) to plasma levels of lipids and lipoproteins was studied In 713 men and 520 women who were employed by two Milwaukee companies. (uncg.edu)
  • BMI, HbA1c, serum lipid level, and body fat distribution, which were determined by computed tomography (CT) scan at the umbilical level, were measured and compared before and after troglitazone treatment. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The distribution of body fat was determined using computed tomography (CT) scanning. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The same paper reported on the preliminary data on absolute changes in visceral fat, measured by computed tomography (CT) scan, after 6 months of treatment with sibutramine, as part of the STORM trial. (78stepshealth.us)
  • Total body fat, abdominal visceral fat, and subcutaneous fat were determined on abdominal fat computed tomography. (elsevier.com)
  • Bioelectrical impedance for measurement of total body fat and computed tomography for visceral and subcutaneous fat at umbilicus levels were performed in 34 obese and 10 lean men. (elsevier.com)
  • Android fat distribution is defined as a ratio greater than 1.0 for men and 0.8 for women. (faqs.org)
  • The waist to hip ratio is a method of determining whether there are excessive amounts of upper body fat. (streetdirectory.com)
  • We examined the association of body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), total and free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-SO 4 ), and estradiol with insulin concentrations and whole-body glucose disposal in 87 men from a population-based study in Kuopio, Finland. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Here, we studied the association between waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), which reflects central adiposity, and renal hemodynamics in 315 healthy persons with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.9 kg/m 2 and a mean 125 I-iothalamate GFR of 109 ml/min per 1.73 m 2 . (asnjournals.org)
  • Men with fathers of occupational class 2 or 3 had higher mean BMI, total body fat percentage, android fat mass and android-to-gynoid fat mass ratio than men with fathers of occupational class 1. (bmj.com)
  • A high android/ gynoid fat mass ratio was associated with a lower FENO, whereas a high preperitoneal fat mass was associated with a higher FENO. (eur.nl)
  • On multiple regression analysis, only the trunk-leg fat ratio was significantly correlated with the presence of hyperlipidemia. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Genome-wide association studies previously identified 49 loci, or positions along a chromosome where the related genetic variants are located, that predispose individuals to a higher waist-to-hip ratio, which is a way to assess body-fat distribution. (mindzilla.com)
  • The Iowa Women's Health Study, a prospective cohort study of 41,836 Iowa women aged 55-69 years at baseline in 1986, reported that lung cancer was inversely associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio. (oup.com)
  • However, the visceral to subcutaneous fat (V/S) ratio decreased significantly due to a marked increase in S-fat without a change in V-fat. (elsevier.com)
  • A higher allelic load of waist-to-hip ratio SNPs was associated with lower insulin sensitivity, higher postchallenge glucose levels, and more visceral and less subcutaneous fat mass. (cdc.gov)
  • GWAS-derived polymorphisms estimating body fat distribution are associated with distinct patterns of body fat distribution exactly measured by MR. Only the risk score associated with the waist-to-hip ratio in GWAS showed an unhealthy pattern of metabolism and body fat distribution. (cdc.gov)
  • For a given BMI, white women had the highest total fat mass (FM total ), trunk fat mass (FM trunk ), and leg fat mass (FM leg ), whereas Hispanic women had the highest percentage of FM trunk (%FM trunk ) and trunk-to-limb fat mass ratio (FMR trunk-to-limb ). (utmb.edu)
  • Results Total body fat and body fat distribution in the PCOS group were not significantly different from the control group in Korean women (P=0.054, P=0.761, P=0.104), but abdominal visceral to subcutaneous fat ratio was larger in the PCOS group than the control group (P=0.047). (elsevier.com)
  • If your waist-to-hip ratio is high, it means you are carrying most of your body fat around your abdomen. (uwhealth.org)
  • Total adiposity and body fat distribution are independently inversely associated with %DBV, whereas in mutually adjusted analysis only body fat distribution (A:G ratio) remained significantly inversely associated with ADBV in young women. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Body mass index, conicity index, waist/hip ratio, waist/height ratio and waist/thigh were calculated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome, characterised by low estrogen, display more male type fat distributions such as a higher waist-to-hip ratio. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gynoid fat bodily distribution is measured as the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), whereby if a woman has a lower waist-to-hip ratio it is seen as more favourable. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ratio of a woman's gynoid to android fat is used to measure her WHR, whereby the lower the WHR, the higher gynoid to android fat ratio, which is perceived as more attractive for women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, measuring a person's oestrogen to testosterone ratio can reveal their predicted gynoid to android fat distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • The importance of body fat distribution as a predictor of metabolic aberrations was evaluated in 9 nonobese and 25 obese, apparently healthy women. (nih.gov)
  • Fasting plasma triglyceride levels were also significantly higher in the upper body segment obese women. (nih.gov)
  • The site of adiposity in the upper body segment obese women was comprised of large fat cells, while in the lower body segment obese subjects, it was formed of normal size cells. (nih.gov)
  • Sexual dimorphism of age-related changes in whole-body fat distribution in the obese. (nih.gov)
  • African American (AA) women are more likely than white women to be obese and to be diagnosed with ER− and triple-negative (TN) breast cancer, but few studies have evaluated the impact of obesity and body fat distribution on breast cancer subtypes in AA women. (springer.com)
  • The efficacy of ad libitum low-fat diets in reducing body weight and fat in overweight and obese adults remains controversial. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Individuals were classified as normal weight, overweight or obese based on the basis of body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) with a BMI of less than 25.0 considered normal weight, overweight was defined as a BMI of 25.0-29.9 and obese was defined by a BMI of greater than 29.9. (bio-medicine.org)
  • FTO rs1558902 was genotyped in 742 obese adults who were randomly assigned to one of four diets differing in the proportions of fat, protein, and carbohydrate. (harvard.edu)
  • 108) treatment with dexfenfluramine in obese type 2 diabetic subjects resulted in a selective reduction of visceral fat area, measured by magnetic resonance imaging. (78stepshealth.us)
  • Obese refers specifically to having excess body fat. (hawaii.edu)
  • Therefore, BMI can sometimes underestimate the amount of body fat in overweight or obese people and overestimate it in more muscular people. (hawaii.edu)
  • To examine the relationship between body fat distribution and hemodynamic stress responses, cardiovascular responses to a speech task and a forehead cold pressor task were evaluated with 24 premenopausal women classified a priori as either centrally or peripherally obese. (elsevier.com)
  • Men are considered borderline at 25% body fat and clinically obese at 30%, while women are borderline at 30% and clinically obese at 35% body fat. (freedieting.com)
  • If you are obese, you will find it easier to use a body fat analyzer. (freedieting.com)
  • This explains why body fat analyzers are better for more obese people, as the amount if internal fat will normally be higher (and is not picked up by the fat calipers). (freedieting.com)
  • Body Fat Distribution and Resting Energy Expenditure in Obese Premenop" by Kristen E. Olson, Cynthia J. Heiss et al. (udayton.edu)
  • Body Fat Distribution and Resting Energy Expenditure in Obese Premenopausal Women. (udayton.edu)
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between body fat distribution and resting energy expenditure (REE) in obese women. (udayton.edu)
  • The obese type II diabetes mellitus group had the highest GHBP levels and the most visceral fat. (elsevier.com)
  • Differences in body fat distribution are found to be associated with high blood pressure, high triglyceride, lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and high fasting and post-oral glucose insulin levels The android, or male pattern, fat distribution has been associated with a higher incidence of coronary artery disease, in addition to an increase in resistance to insulin in both obese children and adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the endocrine aberrations may provide a cause for visceral fat accumulation, probably due to regional differences in steroid-hormone-receptor density. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Therefore, it is hypothesized that such factors might provide a background not only to a defense reaction and primary hypertension, suggested previously, but also to a defeat reaction, which contributes to an endocrine aberration leading to metabolic aberrations and visceral fat accumulation, which in turn leads to disease. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In addition, the accumulation of visceral fat is markedly accelerated by menopause in women. (nih.gov)
  • November 2005, Vol. 10, No. 3 113JEMDSA Obesity is defined as an excess accumulation of body fat associated with increased fat cell size and number. (journals.co.za)
  • Abdominal wall fat index (AFI) reflecting the intra− abdominal fat accumulation was obtained by dividing Pmax by Smin. (bvsalud.org)
  • The results of this study suggested that women who walked less than 7, 500 steps per day tend to have significantly increased intra− abdominal fat accumulation. (bvsalud.org)
  • A. A firm enlarged abdomen caused by central or visceral fat accumulation. (quantumunitsed.com)
  • 8. Tesamorelin has been shown to reduce central fat accumulation by about 18% over the course of 12 months without adverse effects on glucose or lipid parameters, and patients do not regain visceral fat when tesamorelin is discontinued. (quantumunitsed.com)
  • The researchers in Tübingen are already working on new therapies to abolish insulin resistance in the brain and thus have a beneficial effect on body fat distribution. (innovations-report.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: Troglitazone was recently reported to specifically promote the differentiation of pre-adipocytes into adipocytes in vitro in subcutaneous fat only, indicating a relation to insulin-resistance-improving action of troglitazone. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Pathway analyses implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation and insulin resistance as processes affecting fat distribution, providing insight into potential pathophysiological mechanisms. (unc.edu)
  • Background:Themetabolicsyndromeisadisorderthat includes dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hypertension and is associated with an increased risk of diabetes andcardiovasculardisease.Wedeterminedwhetherpatterns of regional fat deposition are associated with metabolic syndrome in older adults. (scinapse.io)
  • Although obesity disproportionately affects minority populations, few studies have conducted genome-wide association study (GWAS) of fat distribution among those of predominantly African ancestry (AA). (harvard.edu)
  • We propose in Aim 1 to conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of body fat distribution. (grantome.com)
  • Calling for prospective studies of fat distribution and prostate cancer outcomes, they say that identifying "the adiposity phenotypes at highest risk of clinically relevant prostate cancer may help to elucidate the mechanisms linking obesity with aggressive disease and target intervention strategies. (medscape.com)
  • Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. (unc.edu)
  • These findings reinforce the concept that there are fat distribution loci that are independent of generalized adiposity. (harvard.edu)
  • We conclude that endometrial cancer risk is increased in relation to the amount but not the distribution of adiposity. (aacrjournals.org)
  • This is in contrast with several other diseases in which, in addition to overall body mass, the distribution of adiposity is also important. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Recent evidence suggests that the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) genotype may interact with dietary intakes in relation to adiposity. (harvard.edu)
  • Conclusions: Menopause and aging independently induce upper body adiposity. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Comparison of associations of body mass index, abdominal adiposity, and risk of colorectal cancer in a large prospective cohort study. (openrepository.com)
  • Associations of height, adiposity and body fat distribution with percentage dense breast volume (%DBV) and absolute dense breast volume (ADBV) were evaluated in a cross-sectional study of 174 healthy women, 25 to 29 years old. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Although associations were weaker than for %DBV, all measures of adiposity and body fat distribution also were significantly inversely associated with ADBV before adjustment for childhood BMI. (beds.ac.uk)
  • abstract = "Background: We have shown that increased cardiac output is related to both fat-free mass and fat mass in obesity. (elsevier.com)
  • The authors note that this may reflect differences in metabolic, hormonal, and inflammatory markers between fat locations. (medscape.com)
  • Fact is that the main role in acquiring extra-fat is the food intake that the body cannot burn for various reasons (such as a decreased metabolic rate, low activity level or the physical condition), and, consequently, it creates fat deposits. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Since visceral fat not only plays a role in the development of type 2 diabetes, but also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, the study results may also open up new approaches for treatment options beyond metabolic diseases. (innovations-report.com)
  • Thigh fat cell size gave no indication as to the presence of metabolic complications. (nih.gov)
  • This association may be related to the disparate morphology and metabolic behavior of fat cells associated with different body fat distributions. (nih.gov)
  • In addition to providing fundamental whole-body descriptive characteristics, accurate measures of body composition often are required as scaling factors to normalize physiologic variables (eg, metabolic rate, physical activity, physical fitness, etc). (aappublications.org)
  • High carbohydrate intake and weight loss did not result in a decreased resting metabolic rate or reduced fat oxidation. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • CHICAGO The distribution of body fat in older men and women is associated with metabolic syndrome, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, even in normal weight individuals, according to the April 11 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (bio-medicine.org)
  • In addition to overweight and obesity, patterns of fat distribution in middle-aged adults may confer additional risk for metabolic syndrome, but it is not known whether this is true for older individuals. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Bret H. Goodpaster, Ph.D., of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, and colleagues examined the association between the pattern of distribution of body fat and metabolic syndrome in 3,035 men and women aged 70 to 79. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The chances of suffering from a metabolic problem are much higher with this type as fat stays close to the visceral organs. (fitpeople.com)
  • Individuals living with HIV seem to be more prone to changes in the redistribution of body fat , characterized as lipodystrophy , which may occur in conjunction with metabolic diseases . (bvsalud.org)
  • Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Using predefined risk allele scores, the correlation of these scores with precisely quantified body fat distribution assessed by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques and with metabolic traits was investigated. (cdc.gov)
  • Aim To investigate the body fat distribution in Korean women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the association of those distribution with metabolic parameters and hormone profiles. (elsevier.com)
  • Subcutaneous fat was also correlated with metabolic parameters and hormone profiles in the Korean PCOS group. (elsevier.com)
  • Metabolic and morphological changes associated with excessive abdominal fat, after the introduction of Antiretroviral Therapy, increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in people living with HIV/AIDS(PLWHA). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Conclusion: In addition to general obesity, the distribution of body fat is independently associated with the metabolic syndrome in older men and women, particularly among those of normal body weight. (scinapse.io)
  • Recent epidemiologic findings suggest that these simple and inexpensive measures of abdominal fat distribution predict CHD independently of body mass index, and, to a certain extent, cardiovascular disease risk factors. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Also, the nervous system plays an important role in ba lancing the body weight: serotonin and endorphins send signals to the brain that induce the need to eat or on the contrary. (streetdirectory.com)
  • While generally, body weight is influenced genetically, hormonally and by the body maintenance condition (the activity routine), it seems that the fat distribution is influenced by age, genetic inheritance, race, but to a greater extent by gender specific hormones. (streetdirectory.com)
  • If the person's brain responds sensitively to the hormone, a significant amount of weight can be lost and unhealthy visceral fat reduced. (innovations-report.com)
  • Insulin action in the brain determines body weight, fat distribution and how to respond to lifestyle interventions. (innovations-report.com)
  • Not only did they lose more weight, they also had a healthier fat distribution. (innovations-report.com)
  • But how does insulin sensitivity affect the distribution of body fat and weight in the long term? (innovations-report.com)
  • It was found that insulin action in the brain not only determines body weight, but also the distribution of fat in the body. (innovations-report.com)
  • Subjects with high insulin sensitivity in the brain benefited from the lifestyle intervention with a pronounced reduction in weight and visceral fat. (innovations-report.com)
  • Afterwards, their body weight and visceral fat increased again during the following months of lifestyle intervention," said first author PD Dr. Stephanie Kullmann. (innovations-report.com)
  • This study confirms that BMI and weight are strongly associated with rKOA in women and suggests that precise measurements of body composition and measures of fat distribution may offer no advantage over the more simple measures of BMI or weight in assessment of risk of rKOA. (nih.gov)
  • The most widely used approach is to measure body volume by underwater weight and determine density by dividing body mass by body volume. (aappublications.org)
  • Mean adipokine levels were significantly higher in women ( p ≤ 0.01), adiponectin significantly negatively correlated with body height and weight, systolic blood pressure and absolute LBM and SMM values. (mdpi.com)
  • Only in women, we observed a positive correlation between LEP and body weight, BMI and WHR. (mdpi.com)
  • The relative contributions of past and contemporary body size were assessed by examining weight and height histories provided by the subjects. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A high-carbohydrate diet consumed ad libitum, with no attempt at energy restriction or change in energy intake, results in losses of body weight and body fat in older men and women. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Carriers of the risk allele had a greater reduction in weight, body composition, and fat distribution in response to a high-protein diet, whereas an opposite genetic effect was observed on changes in fat distribution in response to a low-protein diet. (harvard.edu)
  • Our data suggest that a high-protein diet may be beneficial for weight loss and improvement of body composition and fat distribution in individuals with the risk allele of the FTO variant rs1558902. (harvard.edu)
  • Central distribution of body fat is associated with a higher risk of renal disease, but whether it is the distribution pattern or the overall excess weight that underlies this association is not well understood. (asnjournals.org)
  • Effects of weight loss on body composition and pulmonary function. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Body weight, fat distribution and colorectal cancer risk: a report from cohort studies of 134255 Chinese men and women. (openrepository.com)
  • We evaluated the associations between metabolite profiles (136 lipid components, 12 lipoprotein subclasses, 17 low-molecular-weight metabolites, 12 clinical markers) and 28 phenotype parameters (including different body fat distribution parameters such as android (A), gynoid (G), abdominal visceral (VAT), subcutaneous (SAT) fat) in 215 plasma/serum samples from healthy overweight men (n=32) and women (n=83) with central obesity. (metabolomicscentre.nl)
  • Because of this, they argue, it's important to understand how this and other variants of the gene can influence weight and the distribution of body fat. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Weight loss, independent of the therapy used, is associated with loss of visceral fat (106). (78stepshealth.us)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate dietary status, body fat distribution and leptin in overweight young men with and without OSAS in comparison to published values for normal weight counterparts. (vt.edu)
  • which of the complying with statements about body fat distribution is true One point weight loss logo has been clarified, just how does her stupid daughter understand to bury her head in job-related, she doesn t understand how to uncover a affluent man! (urbanbreathnyc.com)
  • Objective: To clarify the influence of insulin therapy on body weight and fat distribution, we compared these parameters in five non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients, with secondary sulfonylurea failure, before and after insulin therapy. (elsevier.com)
  • Body weight increased significantly after instituting insulin treatment. (elsevier.com)
  • The major physical factors contributing to body weight are water weight, muscle tissue mass, bone tissue mass, and fat tissue mass. (hawaii.edu)
  • Overweight refers to having more weight than normal for a particular height and may be the result of water weight, muscle weight, or fat mass. (hawaii.edu)
  • In most cases people who are overweight also have excessive body fat and therefore body weight is an indicator of obesity in much of the population. (hawaii.edu)
  • The "ideal" healthy body weight for a particular person is dependent on many things, such as frame size, sex, muscle mass, bone density, age, and height. (hawaii.edu)
  • The perception of the "ideal" body weight is additionally dependent on cultural factors and the mainstream societal advertisement of beauty. (hawaii.edu)
  • To standardize the "ideal" body weight and relate it to health, scientists have devised mathematical formulas to better define a healthy weight. (hawaii.edu)
  • A clinician will take two measurements, one of weight and one of fat mass, in order to diagnose obesity. (hawaii.edu)
  • Some measurements of weight and body fat that do not require using technical equipment can easily be calculated and help provide an individual with information on weight, fat mass, and distribution, and their relative risk of some chronic diseases. (hawaii.edu)
  • Body mass index (BMI) is calculated using height and weight measurements and is more predictive of body fatness than weight alone. (hawaii.edu)
  • Few studies have investigated the effects of intervention, such as exercise or weight reduction, on body fat distribution. (bsu.edu)
  • Body fat percentage is a superior indicator of health and wellness compared to body weight (or BMI ). (freedieting.com)
  • Two people with the same body weight and height could have completely different body composition. (freedieting.com)
  • Unfortunately some weight loss programs result in loss of muscle mass - you lose weight but maintain the same level of body fat (referred to as a 'skinny fat' person). (freedieting.com)
  • An ideal weight loss regimen would result in loss of fat while still maintaining (or even building) more muscle. (freedieting.com)
  • Limb fat was measured by DEXA. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It can estimate distributions for either DEXA scan body fat percentages or Caliper or Hydrostatic Weighing body fat percentage estimates. (dqydj.com)
  • Preliminary evidence that DEXA provides an accurate assessment of body composition. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Scientists ascertained that the specific body shapes are: the android shape, or apple shape, common among men (fat deposits on the middle section of the body, mostly on the abdomen) and the gynoid, or pear shape, more common among women (fat deposited on hips and bottom). (streetdirectory.com)
  • They are responsible for the distribution of fat in certain zones of our bodies: thus, estrogens which are responsible of the typical female sexual characteristics will influence the fat deposition in the pear format, favouring its laying on the hips, thighs, and belly, while testosterone will 'lead' fat mostly towards tummy and upper body. (streetdirectory.com)
  • The pear-shaped overweight persons are at greater risk of mechanical problems, as most of their body fat is distributed around their hips, thighs and bottom. (streetdirectory.com)
  • The subcutaneous fat which accumulates on the buttocks, thighs and hips has no adverse health effects. (innovations-report.com)
  • Women tend to store excess fat underneath the skin, around the hips and thighs, which, although responsible for cosmetic conditions such as cellulite, is much safer than storing fat viscerally as a pot-belly which is more common amongst men. (innovations-report.com)
  • Compared to people who accumulate fat in the hips and thighs, people who store fat in their stomachs run a much higher risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other obesity-associated health issues. (youth-rx.com)
  • Like women, they store more fat in their hips and thighs. (youth-rx.com)
  • Gynoid fat refers to the body fat that forms around the hips, breasts and thighs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hormone estrogen inhibits fat placement in the abdominal region of the body, and stimulates fat placement in the gluteofemoral areas (the buttocks and hips). (wikipedia.org)
  • Premenopausal and postmenopausal women with upper body fat distribution appear to be a subset of women who have a more favorable prognosis as measured by less lymph node involvement, smaller tumors, and higher levels of ER in their tumors. (fredhutch.org)
  • Adult men and women have different fat distributions, both pre- and post- menopause. (dqydj.com)
  • A 5 kg/m 2 increase in body mass index was associated with an adjusted relative risk of endometrial cancer of 1.80 [95% CI = 1.46, 2.22] when other significant risk factors, namely age, education level, extended use of exogenous estrogens, and age at menopause, were taken into account. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Publications] Hirofumi Ijuin: 'The contribution of Menopause to changes in Body-fat Distribution'The Journal of obstetrics and Gynaecology Research. (nii.ac.jp)
  • However, it has been found that as females age, bear children and approach menopause, this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution resulting in a 42.1% increase in android body fat distribution in postmenstrual women. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, visceral fat is associated with proinflammatory cytokines and inversely associated with bioavailable testosterone , while intramuscular fat in the thigh is linked to worse glucose tolerance. (medscape.com)
  • In conclusion, higher WHR and lower testosterone were strongly associated with a decrease in total and nonoxidative whole-body glucose disposal in men. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In a paper recently published in the international, peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE , Concordia University's Sylvia Santosa, assistant professor in the Department of Exercise Science, shows that low testosterone levels lead to changes in fat cells in the lower body but not in the upper body. (youth-rx.com)
  • The study sheds light on how testosterone controls where fat is stored, and reveals that men who have low levels of testosterone show a shift in how they store body fat. (youth-rx.com)
  • They found that men with low testosterone stored more fat in the thigh than men with normal testosterone. (youth-rx.com)
  • They found that abnormal protein levels provided clues as to how the presence of testosterone changes the functioning of fat cells. (youth-rx.com)
  • It turns out that the levels of a protein involved in trapping fat within cells were much higher in the thigh cells of men with low testosterone levels, suggesting that testosterone controls body fat distribution by influencing the proteins that trap fat. (youth-rx.com)
  • While those with lower body fat are at less risk for diseases associated with obesity than those with upper body fat, those with low testosterone may have an imbalance in their fat-storage system, which can lead to unhealthy cells. (youth-rx.com)
  • Being around 10% body fat is a lot more effective for testosterone levels and muscular tissue building possibility than severe leanness. (blogarama.com)
  • Generally, the amount of this sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in the plasma will determine the distribution of testosterone between free and bound forms, and the free testosterone concentration will determine its half-life. (drugs.com)
  • This process is modulated by estrogen, the female sex hormone, causing the female form to store higher levels of fat than the male form, which is affected primarily by testosterone. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of fat in the trunk and upper body in males is facilitated by testosterone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Testosterone circulation causes fat cells to deposit around the abdominal and gluteofemoral region, whereas in women oestrogen circulation leads to fat deposits around areas such as thighs, breasts and buttocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between serum adiponectin and leptin concentrations and body composition, hematological indices and lipid profile parameters in adults. (mdpi.com)
  • NC percentiles were produced using the LMS method, and NC was compared with other parameters which define body fat distribution. (wiley.com)
  • Also, for women, the android pattern fat distribution should raise questions with regard to hormonal im ba lances, such situations being a potential cause for health problems such as polycystic ovary syndrome. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Women who are infertile and have polycystic ovary syndrome show high amounts of android fat tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Numerous studies have shown that the health risk associated with obesity is more closely related to visceral fat (3) than to a more peripheral fat distribution. (78stepshealth.us)
  • 102 cm in men) and 260 with peripheral fat distribution (PFD). (elsevier.com)
  • Generally during early adulthood, females tend to have a more peripheral fat distribution such that their fat is evenly distributed over their body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Age-related changes in body composition and fat distribution may be associated with the pulmonary impairment observed in the elderly. (semanticscholar.org)
  • To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals. (unc.edu)
  • The GIANT Consortium is a major international collaboration of more than 275 scientists that seeks to identify genetic sites that affect human body size and shape, including height and measures of obesity. (mindzilla.com)
  • A better understanding of the genetic underpinnings of body fat distribution may lead to better treatments for obesity and the cascade of downstream diseases obesity also impacts, for example type 2 diabetes and heart disease" North said. (mindzilla.com)
  • To investigate the genetic and environmental influences on adult body size, shape, and composition in women and men, and to assess the impact of age. (nature.com)
  • Since it usually is based on resemblance of the appearance, there is the possibility that dizygotic twin pairs who resemble each other in body size and shape may have been misclassified as monozygotic twins, which also would inflate the estimate of genetic influence and reduce the estimated effects of the shared environment. (nature.com)
  • In the present study, we have assessed the genetic and environmental influences on BMI, waist and hip circumferences, thickness of truncal and extremity skinfolds and size of the fat and lean body mass as measured in a large population-based sample of adult twin pairs, whose zygosity was determined by polymorphic DNA markers. (nature.com)
  • Sexual dimorphisms in genetic loci linked to body fat distribution. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Considering the epidemiological and genetic evidence, sexual dimorphism is a prominent feature of body fat distribution. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Genetic determination of body fat distribution and the attributive influence on metabolism. (cdc.gov)
  • Lastly, our final aim will integrate genetic results from Project 2 with those from the other projects to study the interrelationships across data dimensions (diet, lifestyle/behaviors, biochemical and hormonal factors, metabolites, and gut microbial composition), construct best predictive models of body fat amount and distribution, and explore the relation of the predicted values with breast and colorectal cancer risks. (grantome.com)
  • Ethnic differences in body fat deposition and liver fat content in two UK based cohorts. (westminster.ac.uk)
  • Women commonly have a higher body fat percentage than men and the deposition of fat in particular areas is thought to be controlled by sex hormones and growth hormone (GH). (wikipedia.org)
  • As women with higher levels of gynoid fat distribution are seen as more attractive, this enables them to access highly desirable male mates. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] There are differences in android and gynoid fat distribution among individuals, which relates to various health issues among individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with estimates of body fat distribution. (cdc.gov)
  • A BMI is a fairly simple measurement and does not take into account fat mass or fat distribution in the body, both of which are additional predictors of disease risk. (hawaii.edu)
  • Skinfold measurements are generally more accurate predictors of body fat than BMI. (freedieting.com)
  • Skinfold thickness measurements are better predictors of body fat percentage than body mass index in male Spanish children and adolescents. (freedieting.com)
  • Plasma glucose and insulin levels during oral glucose loading were significantly higher in women with predominantly upper body segment obesity than in women with lower body segment obesity. (nih.gov)
  • In both types of obesity, abdominal fat cell size correlated significantly with postprandial plasma glucose and insulin levels. (nih.gov)
  • BMI was significantly correlated with fasting insulin ( r = 0.46), total whole-body glucose disposal ( r = −0.30), glucose oxidation ( r = −0.21), and nonoxidative glucose disposal ( r = −0.25). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • WHR also was significantly associated with fasting insulin ( r = 0.61), total whole-body glucose disposal ( r = −0.54), glucose oxidation ( r = −0.23), and nonoxidative whole-body glucose disposal ( r = −0.50). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The knowledge gained by this study may significantly advance our understanding of the biological factors driving body fat distribution and their effects on the development of common cancers among several racial/ethnic populations. (grantome.com)
  • 5 G, 7.5 G and 10 G doses of AndroGel all also significantly increased total body mass and total body lean mass and decreased total body fat mass and percent body fat. (centerwatch.com)
  • Professor Docherty concluded: "The number one way of reducing the number of overweight people is improving diet and encouraging exercise, but we hope our research might eventually offer insights that lead to new treatments including drugs to reduce these high-risk fat stores around organs. (innovations-report.com)
  • Storing excess visceral fat is thought to greatly increase a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes and a range of associated problems including heart disease so having more visceral fat cells could predispose a person to those problems if they are overweight. (innovations-report.com)
  • Methods: Groups were comprised of 24 sedentary overweight young men with and without OSAS, who had a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m2. (vt.edu)
  • Objective: We studied the association of body fat distribution and body composition with flow-resistance relations in overweight. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusion: CFD is associated with more severe abnormalities in body composition and with higher CO independently of FFM in overweight, nonobese subjects. (elsevier.com)
  • Sex differences in body fat distribution may explain sex differences in arterial atherosclerosis. (bmj.com)
  • Relation of endometrial cancer risk to past and contemporary body size and body fat distribution. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In a multicenter case-control study that included 403 cases and 297 controls, we examined the relation of past and contemporary body size, including body fat distribution, to the risk of endometrial cancer. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Relation between body composition, fat distribution, and lung function in elderly men. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Comparison of general obesity and measures of body fat distribution in older adults in relation to cancer risk: meta-analysis of individual participant data of seven prospective cohorts in Europe. (openrepository.com)
  • Body fat distribution has been cross-sectionally associated with atherosclerotic disease risk factors, but the prospective relation with coronary heart disease remains uncertain. (uea.ac.uk)
  • Thus, in women, the sites of fat predominance offer an important prognostic marker for glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. (nih.gov)
  • DHEA-SO 4 and estradiol were not associated with insulin, glucose concentrations, or whole-body glucose disposal in univariate analysis. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The purpose was to determine whether lifestyle interventions have different effects on regional fat in women with normal glucose tolerance vs. impaired glucose tolerance (NGT vs. IGT). (figshare.com)
  • The mechanisms by which WL with and without exercise impact regional fat loss should be explored as reductions in abdominal fat area and subcutaneous FCW appear to influence glucose metabolism. (figshare.com)
  • Further analysis revealed pathways and gene sets that influenced not only metabolism but also the regulation of body fat tissue, bone growth and adiponectin, a hormone that controls glucose levels and breaks down fat. (mindzilla.com)
  • In these patients visceral fat decreased by 22%, which was associated with significant decreases in associated risk factors such as fasting glucose and insulin and serum triglycerides . (78stepshealth.us)
  • She said: "It is possible that higher visceral fat may be a marker for an underlying physical activity pattern or hormonal milieu that influences both fat distribution and risk of advanced disease. (medscape.com)
  • For example, fat may be preferentially deposited in the visceral depot among leaner men in the presence of a particular hormonal milieu. (medscape.com)
  • Basically, t his fat is so essential that it even plays a fundamental role in the hormonal changes of the human being. (fitpeople.com)
  • Certain hormonal imbalances can affect the fat distributions of both men and women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hormonal disorders or fluctuations can lead to the formation of a lot of visceral fat and a protruding abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women with fathers of occupational class 2 or 3 had higher mean BMI, total body fat percentage, android fat mass and gynoid fat mass than women with fathers of occupational class 1. (bmj.com)
  • Among women, upward mobility was associated with higher total body fat percentage, android fat mass and gynoid fat mass. (bmj.com)
  • An 'android' fat distribution pattern is so called because more men than women exhibit it. (davidwolfe.com)
  • See Android fat distribution The location of android fat differs in that it assembles around internal fat depots and the trunk (includes thorax and abdomen). (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat has more of a survival role and is utilised by the body as an energy source when energy supplies are low, in contrast to the reproductive functions of gynoid fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is evidenced by the percentages of android fat being far higher in post-menopausal than pre-menopausal women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat distribution is also related to WHR, but is the opposite to gynoid fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, android fat is deposited in the waist, breasts, buttocks and thighs, but can give an unattractive appearance, as it gives women a 'T-shaped" body and is more lumpy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, the android fat distribution of men is about 48.6%, which is 10.3% higher than that of premenopausal women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat is readily mobilized by deficits in energy balance. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Android fat cells are mostly visceral - they are large, deposited deep under the skin and are highly metabolically active. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat develops as a back-up source of energy when the male body is experiencing an imbalance, whereas gynoid fat develops after puberty, in order to better prepare the body for supporting a potential infant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat can be controlled with proper diet and exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • A poor diet with lack of exercise is likely to increase android fat level. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Android fat is also associated with a change in pressor response in circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our study reveals a novel key mechanism that regulates fat distribution in humans. (innovations-report.com)
  • Humans can store fat either beneath the skin in subcutaneous cells, or around internal organs in visceral cells. (innovations-report.com)
  • Since the insulin action in the hypothalamus is crucial for the regulation of peripheral energy metabolism, the researchers also investigated how insulin sensitivity in this area of the brain is related to the distribution of body fat. (innovations-report.com)
  • Another major finding from this study is the importance of lipid metabolism to body-fat distribution, which could lead to a better understanding of how obesity causes downstream diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. (mindzilla.com)
  • Examines the interrelationships between body build and body composition and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in healthy young men and women. (edu.au)
  • If fat accumulates in the abdomen, this is particularly unfavorable. (innovations-report.com)
  • CT scans were performed at seven levels (head, fore-arms, upper arms, chest, abdomen, thighs and calves), and the fat volumes of the segments were calculated from the cross-sectional areas of the fat tissues. (nih.gov)
  • They later collected samples of fat from the abdomen and the thigh to see how much of the fat contained in the meal was stored. (youth-rx.com)
  • Fat deposits, especially around the abdomen area, may be an important independent risk factor for diabetes and coronary artery disease. (uwhealth.org)
  • Measurement of the masses of the individual compartments of body mass is extremely challenging, because no direct method exists other than in vivo neutron activation analysis (very limited availability) and chemical analysis of the cadaver (useful for animal studies only). (aappublications.org)
  • Densitometry is based on estimating body composition from measurement of total body density. (aappublications.org)
  • Measurement - answer whether the body fat percentage was estimated from calipers or hydrostatic weighting, or by DXA scan ( D ual-energy X -ray A bsorptiometry). (dqydj.com)
  • Body fat distribution is distinct from overall obesity in measurement, but studies of body fat distribution can yield insights into the risk factors for and causes of overall obesity. (ox.ac.uk)
  • There is some evidence that suggests an increased prevalence of psychosocial stress factors is associated with visceral distribution of body fat. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • There is a relationship between overall fat deposits and specific fat deposits: fat around the body middle section is associated with visceral fat, so, abdominal fat is the most serious health risk. (streetdirectory.com)
  • We identified loci associated with fat distribution in AA individuals using meta-analyses of GWA results for WC and WHR (stage 1). (harvard.edu)
  • In conclusion, we identified two suggestive loci associated with fat distribution in AA populations in addition to confirming 6 loci previously identified in populations of EA. (harvard.edu)
  • There is also the third type of body shape: the ovoid shape, not differentiating between men and women. (streetdirectory.com)
  • Thinking of many cases of exceptions, I try to find out in what follows if there is a strict specific fat pattern distribution for men and women and what are the factors influencing fat distribution. (streetdirectory.com)
  • The subjects were 66 men and 96 women, whose body mass index (BMI) was over 25 kg/m2. (nih.gov)
  • On this page is a body fat distribution calculator for adult men and women in the United States in 2015-2016 and 2005-2006. (dqydj.com)
  • Women have between ~9-13% essential fat. (dqydj.com)
  • Women had a median body fat percentage of 41.6% . (dqydj.com)
  • Women were recruited by mail and asked to have a friend measure circumferences of several body parts using a tape measure and written instructions. (aacrjournals.org)
  • 1- 6 Abdominal obesity is positively associated with CHD risk in both women and men, 7- 9 and it has been suggested that sex differences in fat distribution could explain much of the sex difference in CHD risk. (bmj.com)
  • Effects of age on body fat distribution and cardiovascular risk factors in women. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Publications] Tsutomu Douchi: 'Body Fat Distribution in Women with Polycytic Ovary Syndrome Its Implication in the Future Risks for Life Style-associated Diseases'Jpn. (nii.ac.jp)
  • However, many people ignore learning about body fat distribution and how it differs between men and women. (fitpeople.com)
  • In this article, we'll be talking about body fat distribution in men and women and how this whole system works. (fitpeople.com)
  • On the other hand, it's important to mention that women tend to have a higher percentage of essential fat than men. (fitpeople.com)
  • The pear-like type of body is much more common in women. (fitpeople.com)
  • These findings suggest that adult body size, shape, and composition are highly heritable in both women and men, although a decreasing tendency is seen with advancing age. (nature.com)
  • We examined the influence of race/ethnicity on body fat distribution for a given body mass index (BMI) among reproductive-aged women. (utmb.edu)
  • Conversely, black women had the lowest FM total , FM trunk , percentage body fat mass (%FM), %FM trunk , and FMR trunk-to-limb , and the highest percentage of FM leg . (utmb.edu)
  • In summary, the distribution of body fat for a given BMI differs by race among reproductive-aged women. (utmb.edu)
  • Conclusions Korean PCOS women had the same body fat distribution as the control group. (elsevier.com)
  • The present of high school senior girls and 32.8 percent of high report reviews the now massive body of evidence on school senior boys reported having smoked within women and smoking--evidence that taken together the past 30 days (University of Michigan 2000). (cdc.gov)
  • A lower body fat percentage for women increases chance of amenorrhea (cessation of menstruation). (freedieting.com)
  • A 'gynoid' distribution is most commonly seen in women. (davidwolfe.com)
  • The differences in gynoid fat between men and women can be seen in the typical "hourglass" figure of a woman, compared to the inverted triangle which is typical of the male figure. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was found not only that women with a lower WHR (which signals higher levels of gynoid fat) had higher levels of IQ, but also that low WHR in mothers was correlated with higher IQ levels in their children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subcutaneous fat mass was not associated with any respiratory outcome. (eur.nl)
  • Coronary heart disease and body fat distribution. (ox.ac.uk)
  • This type of fat is found in small percentages within the body. (fitpeople.com)
  • Let's talk a little bit concerning Body Fat percentages! (blogarama.com)
  • Gynoid (pear-shaped) distribution is associated with body fat that accumulates around the hip and thigh region. (faqs.org)
  • Men with high levels of visceral fat have an increased risk of developing advanced prostate cancer , while those with increased subcutaneous fat in the thigh are more likely to die from the disease, suggests an analysis of prospective data from Iceland. (medscape.com)
  • Obesity and body fat distribution and breast cancer prognosis. (fredhutch.org)
  • This study addresses the effect of obesity and body fat distribution on axillary lymph node involvement, tumor size, and estrogen receptor (ER) level in breast cancer patients. (fredhutch.org)
  • Visceral fat - the so-called "pot-belly" - indicates a much higher risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes than subcutaneous fat. (innovations-report.com)
  • Android body fat distribution is related to high cardiovascular disease and mortality rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • However these can be an inaccurate measure of estimating percentage body fat. (freedieting.com)
  • After calibrating to the total fat volumes, the relationship between age and the relative segmental fat volumes was analysed. (nih.gov)
  • If total body density and the specific densities of fat and fat-free mass are known, an equation can be generated for converting total body density to percentage of body fat based on the Archimedes principle. (aappublications.org)
  • We examined the associations of total body and abdominal fat measures with respiratory resistance (Rint), fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), and risks of wheezing and asthma in school-aged children. (eur.nl)
  • Total body potassium and body fat: relevance to aging. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Importantly, sexual dimorphism is not observed for overall obesity (as assessed by body mass index or total fat percentage). (ox.ac.uk)
  • A total of 65 SNPs with reported genome-wide significant associations regarding estimates of body fat distribution were genotyped. (cdc.gov)
  • Nevertheless, the findings highlight that measuring BMI alone may "miss" high-risk patients, and they "open up new directions for future research to investigate how measures of fat distribution can be integrated clinically to inform targeted prevention and treatment strategies. (medscape.com)
  • However, there is increasing evidence that body fat distribution may be an important prognostic risk factor for prostate cancer outcomes. (medscape.com)
  • To examine the role of body fat distribution in prostate cancer risk, the researchers studied data from the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik study, wherein a random sample of participants underwent comprehensive medical examinations between 2002 and 2006. (medscape.com)
  • Apple-shaped fat individuals are exposed to a greater risk of developing obesity-related diseases, as the fat is intra-abdominal and distributed around their stomach and chest. (streetdirectory.com)
  • We've known for a while that having a pot-belly suggests someone's risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease is high, but there is still a lot to learn about why body fat distribution varies so much between people. (innovations-report.com)
  • Location of body fat associated with cardiovascular risk even at normal b. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Thus, these results suggest that central body fat distribution, independent of BMI, is associated with an unfavorable pattern of renal hemodynamic measures that could underlie the increased renal risk reported in observational studies. (asnjournals.org)
  • Adjustment for body mass index and for lifestyle risk factors had very little effect on the sex difference in mean intima media thickness. (bmj.com)
  • Body size and risk of colon and rectal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). (openrepository.com)
  • Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes especially when the fat is accumulated to central depots. (metabolomicscentre.nl)
  • Just the morning, the string in their head was also tight, and also she witnessed them, With such a busy schedule, Oprah didn t even dare to provide Xue Qiang risk of keto diet which of the adhering to statements about body fat distribution is true coffee now, for fear that it would certainly disturb his work-related. (urbanbreathnyc.com)
  • Studies have also suggested that lower body fat is associated with reduced CHD risk, although the clinical relevance for this finding needs further elucidation. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Assessing body fat distribution may be useful for improving CHD risk assessment, although more studies are needed to assess consistency in CHD risk predictions across populations. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Jean Vague, a physician from Marseilles, was one of the first individuals to bring to attention the increased risk of developing certain diseases in individuals with an android distribution compared to a gynoid distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Insulin therapy necessitated by sulfonylurea failure does not appear to accelerate the atherogenic process in NIDDM patients as there is no increase in visceral fat. (elsevier.com)