Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
Fatty tissue in the region of the ABDOMEN. It includes the ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS FAT and the INTRA-ABDOMINAL FAT.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.
Fatty tissue under the SKIN through out the body.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)
Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.
Fatty tissue under the SKIN in the region of the ABDOMEN.
That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.
Defective metabolism leading to fat maldistribution in patients infected with HIV. The etiology appears to be multifactorial and probably involves some combination of infection-induced alterations in metabolism, direct effects of antiretroviral therapy, and patient-related factors.
The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
An island republic of the West Indies. Its capital is Roseau. It was discovered in 1493 by Columbus and held at different times by the French and the British in the 18th century. A member of the West Indies Federation, it achieved internal self-government in 1967 but became independent in 1978. It was named by Columbus who discovered it on Sunday, Domingo in Spanish, from the Latin Dominica dies, the Lord's Day. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Glucose in blood.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Congenital, inherited, or acquired anomalies of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, including the HEART and BLOOD VESSELS.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Maintenance of a constant blood glucose level by perfusion or infusion with glucose or insulin. It is used for the study of metabolic rates (e.g., in glucose, lipid, amino acid metabolism) at constant glucose concentration.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
A pathological state in which BLOOD GLUCOSE level is less than approximately 140 mg/100 ml of PLASMA at fasting, and above approximately 200 mg/100 ml plasma at 30-, 60-, or 90-minute during a GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST. This condition is seen frequently in DIABETES MELLITUS, but also occurs with other diseases and MALNUTRITION.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A collection of heterogenous conditions resulting from defective LIPID METABOLISM and characterized by ADIPOSE TISSUE atrophy. Often there is redistribution of body fat resulting in peripheral fat wasting and central adiposity. They include generalized, localized, congenital, and acquired lipodystrophy.
Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
The physical measurements of a body.
Abstaining from all food.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
A glycoprotein migrating as a beta-globulin. Its molecular weight, 52,000 or 95,000-115,000, indicates that it exists as a dimer. The protein binds testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol in the plasma. Sex hormone-binding protein has the same amino acid sequence as ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN. They differ by their sites of synthesis and post-translational oligosaccharide modifications.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.

The effect of stage of growth and implant exposure on performance and carcass composition in steers. (1/434)

Angus and Angus x Limousin cross steers (n = 182; initial BW = 309 +/- 27.8 kg) were used to evaluate the influence of an estradiol-trenbolone acetate implant (containing 24 mg of estradiol and 125 mg of trenbolone acetate) on production efficiency and carcass traits when administered at specific stages of growth. Treatments were 1) control, no implant (NI); 2) early implant (EI) on d 1 (BW = 309 kg); or 3) delayed implant (DI) on d 57 (BW = 385 kg). Comparisons were also made between the NI and implanted treatments (I; EI + DI). Steers were procured at weaning and were backgrounded (47 d) before the initiation of the experiment. Initial predicted carcass composition was 14.9% protein, 13.3% fat, 54.6% moisture, and 17.2% bone. Days on feed were constant across treatment. After 56 d, ADG and G:F were improved (P < 0.01) by implants, NI vs. EI (1.68 vs. 1.90 kg and 0.227 vs. 0.257). At d 57, predicted carcass composition did not differ among treatments. From 57 to 112 d, DI caused higher ADG than NI or EI (NI = 1.65, EI = 1.57, and DI = 1.78 kg; P < 0.05) and higher G:F (NI = 0.155, EI = 0.150, and DI = 0.173; P < 0.01). Cumulative ADG and G:F were improved by implants (1.65 vs. 1.73 kg; P < 0.05) and (0.175 vs. 0.186; P < 0.01) for NI vs. I, respectively, with no differences between treatments that involved implants. Cumulative DMI was similar for all treatments. Implanting increased dressing percentage (63.5 vs. 64.1%; P < 0.05) and increased (P < 0.01) hot carcass weight (341 vs. 353 kg) and LM area (76.5 vs. 81.4 cm(2)) for NI vs. I, respectively. Rib fat and kidney, pelvic, and heart fat were not affected by treatment, and treatment had no effect on the whole carcass proportions of fat, protein, or water. Implants advanced maturity scores (NI = A(51) vs. EI + DI = A(59); P < 0.01). Marbling scores were decreased (P < 0.05) by EI but not by DI (NI = Small(65), EI = Small(20), DI = Small(36)). The percentage of i.m. fat content of the LM was decreased (P < 0.10) by EI and was not affected by DI (NI = 5.1, EI = 4.0, DI = 4.8%). Treatment affected (P < 0.10) the proportion of carcasses with marbling scores greater than Modest(0) (NI = 23.6, EI = 7.8, DI = 22.6%). The results of this study suggest that growth of i.m. fat is sensitive to anabolic growth promotants administered during early periods of growth.  (+info)

Influence of nutrient intake and body fat on concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I, insulin, thyroxine, and leptin in plasma of gestating beef cows. (2/434)

Pregnant Angus x Hereford cows (n = 73) were used to determine the effects of amount of nutrient intake and BCS on concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, leptin, and thyroxine in plasma. At 2 to 4 mo of gestation, cows were blocked by BCS and assigned to one of four nutritional treatments: high (H = a 50% concentrate diet fed ad libitum in a drylot) or adequate native grass pastures and one of three amounts of a 40% CP supplement each day (M = moderate, 1.6 kg; L = low, 1.1 kg; or VL = very low, 0.5 kg; as-fed basis). After 110 d of treatment, all cows grazed dormant native grass pasture and received 1.6 kg/d of a 40% CP supplement. At 68, 109, and 123 d of treatment, cows were gathered, and plasma samples were collected by tail venipuncture (fed sample). After 18 h without feed and water, a second plasma sample was collected (fasted sample). At 109 d of treatment, BCS was greatest (P < 0.05) for H cows, similar for M and L cows, and least for VL cows. Concentrations of insulin and leptin were greater (P < 0.05) for H cows than for M and VL cows at 68 and 109 d, but similar for all groups at 123 d. Thyroxine in plasma was greatest (P < 0.05) for H cows at 68 d and similar for cows on all treatments at 123 d. Concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, and leptin in fed and fasted cows were positively correlated with BCS at 109 d. Body condition was predictive of concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, and leptin when cows had different nutrient intakes, but BCS accounted for less than 12% of the variation in plasma concentrations of IGF-I, insulin, and leptin when nutrient intake was the same for all cows. We conclude that amount of nutrient intake has a greater influence than body energy reserves on IGF-I, insulin, and leptin concentrations in the plasma of gestating beef cows.  (+info)

Is epidural lipomatosis associated with abnormality of body fat distribution? A case report. (3/434)

CASE REPORT: To report a case of epidural lipomatosis in a patient with abnormal adipose tissue distribution, glucose intolerance and mixed hyperlipidemia. A 63-year-old male patient presented with low back pain radiating to the left calf on standing and walking (walking distance <100 m). He weighed 97.5 kg, was 1.73 m tall (BMI 32.6 kg/m2) and had a waist circumference of 113 cm. He had a glucose intolerance after a 75-g glucose oral load test. CT-Myelography revealed voluminous epidural lipomatosis around L4-L5 and L5-S1. Low calorie diet and reduction in alcohol intake achieved a weight loss of 17.5 kg in 7 months (80 kg, BMI 25.8 kg/m2, waist circumference 94 cm) and dramatic improvement in low back pain, walking distance (>500 m) and reduction of lipomatosis on CT-scan. Our case suggests a relationship between central obesity phenotype and epidural lipomatosis. Specific insulin resistance treatment might be proposed for these patients if this hypothesis is confirmed in further studies.  (+info)

Identification of genetic markers for fat deposition and meat tenderness on bovine chromosome 5: development of a low-density single nucleotide polymorphism map. (4/434)

As genetic markers, SNP are well suited for the development of genetic tests for production traits in livestock. They are stable through many generations and can provide direct assessment of individual animal's genetic merit if they are in linkage disequilibrium and phase with functional genetic variation. Bovine chromosome 5 has been shown to harbor genetic variation affecting production traits in multiple cattle populations; thus, this chromosome was targeted for SNP-based marker development and subsequent association analysis with carcass and growth phenotypes. Discovery of SNP was performed in a panel of 16 sires representing two sires from each of seven beef breeds and two Holstein sires by PCR amplification and sequencing using primers designed from genomic sequence obtained by low-coverage sequencing of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones. From 550 SNP, 296 (54%) were tentatively identified as having a minor allele frequency >10%. Forty-five SNP derived from 15 BAC were chosen based on minor allele frequency and were genotyped in 564 steers and their sires. Production and carcass data were collected on the steers as a part of the Germplasm Evaluation (GPE), Cycle VII Project at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (Clay Center, NE), which involves of the evaluation of sires from seven of the most popular U.S. breeds. Haplotypes based on seven SNP derived from a BAC containing the bovine genes HEM1 and PDE1B were associated with traits related to carcass fat. Steers homozygous for the major haplotype had 0.15 +/- 0.04 cm less subcutaneous fat, 0.57 +/- 0.18 kg less rib fat, 0.18 +/- 0.07 lower yield grade, 1.11 +/- 0.35% less predicted fat yield, and 0.79 +/- 0.3% greater predicted retail product yield than heterozygotes. The frequency of the major haplotype was 0.70 in the steers, and it ranged from 0.44 (Limousin) to 0.98 (Simmental and Gelbvieh) in a panel consisting of an average of 20 purebred sires from each of the seven breeds. A second set of haplotypes based on four SNP derived from a BAC containing the genes NOL1 and CHD4 was associated with Warner-Bratzler shear force. Steers homozygous for the major haplotype had 0.27 +/- 0.11 kg greater shear force than those heterozygous for the major haplotype and one of two minor haplotypes. The frequency of the major haplotype was 0.59 in the steers and ranged from 0.27 (Hereford) to approximately 0.95 (Angus and Red Angus) in the panel of purebred sires. These results demonstrate the feasibility of targeting QTL regions for SNP-based marker development and that a low level of coverage can identify markers associated with phenotypic traits.  (+info)

Large-scale, multibreed, multitrait analyses of quantitative trait loci experiments: the case of porcine X chromosome. (5/434)

A QTL analysis of multibreed experiments (i.e., crossed populations involving more than two founder breeds) offers clear advantages over classical two-breed crosses, among them increased power and a more comprehensive coverage of the total genetic variability in the species. An alternative to designed multibreed crosses is to reanalyze jointly several experiments involving different breeds. We report a multibreed, multitrait QTL analysis of SSCX that involves five different crosses, six breeds, and almost 3,000 genotyped individuals using a truly multibreed strategy to allow for any number of founder breed origins. Traits analyzed were growth, fat thickness, carcass length, and shoulder and ham weights. Generally, the joint analysis resulted in more significant QTL than the single-experiment analyses. We show that the QTL for fatness, which is highly significant (nominal P < 10(-43)), is of Asiatic origin (Meishan). The next most significant QTL (nominal P < 10(-15)) affected ham weight and seems to be segregating only between Large White and the rest of the breeds. A multitrait, multi-QTL analysis suggests that these are two distinct loci. Additionally, a locus segregating only between Iberian and Landrace affects live weight. The advantages of joint, multibreed analyses clearly outweigh their potential risks.  (+info)

Phenotypic ranges and relationships among carcass and meat palatability traits for fourteen cattle breeds, and heritabilities and expected progeny differences for Warner-Bratzler shear force in three beef cattle breeds. (6/434)

Carcass and Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) data from strip loin steaks were obtained from 7,179 progeny of Angus, Brahman, Brangus, Charolais, Gelbvieh, Hereford, Limousin, Maine-Anjou, Red Angus, Salers, Shorthorn, Simbrah, Simmental, and South Devon sires. Trained sensory panel (TSP) evaluations were obtained on 2,320 steaks sampled from contemporary groups of progeny from one to five sires of each breed. Expected progeny differences for marbling and WBSF were developed for 103 Simmental sires from 1,295 progeny, 23 Shorthorn sires from 310 progeny, and 69 Hereford sires from 1,457 progeny. Pooled phenotypic residual correlations, including all progeny, showed that marbling was lowly correlated with WBSF (-0.21) and with TSP overall tenderness (0.18). The residual correlation between WBSF and TSP tenderness was -0.68, whereas residual correlations for progeny sired by the three Bos indicus breeds were only slightly different than for progeny sired by Bos taurus breeds. The phenotypic range of mean WBSF among sires across breeds was 6.27 kg, and the phenotypic range among breed means was 3.93 kg. Heritability estimates for fat thickness, marbling score, WBSF, and TSP tenderness, juiciness, and flavor were 0.19, 0.68, 0.40, 0.37, 0.46, and 0.07, respectively. Ranges in EPD for WBSF and marbling were -0.41 to +0.26 kg and +0.48 to -0.22, respectively, for Simmentals; -0.41 to +0.36 kg and 0.00 to -0.32, respectively, for Shorthorns; and -0.48 to +0.22 kg and +0.40 to -0.24, respectively, for Herefords. More than 20% of steaks were unacceptable in tenderness. Results of this study demonstrated that 1) selection for marbling would result in little improvement in meat tenderness; 2) heritability of marbling, tenderness, and juiciness are high; and 3) sufficient variation exists in WBSF EPD among widely used Simmental, Shorthorn, and Hereford sires to allow for genetic improvement in LM tenderness.  (+info)

Body fat distribution, liver enzymes, and risk of hypertension: evidence from the Western New York Study. (7/434)

Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) has been associated with hypertension (HTN); however, the nature of this association remains unclear. GGT is a marker of alcohol consumption, but it is also related to the infiltration of fat in the liver (fatty liver). The association between GGT and HTN was examined in a 6-year longitudinal investigation among 1455 men and women who returned for the follow-up visit. Baseline variables included serum GGT, blood pressure, and anthropometric measures. Incident HTN was defined as blood pressure > or =140/90 or on antihypertensive medication at the follow-up visit. To eliminate individuals with potential liver pathology, analyses focused only on individuals with GGT within its normal range (n=897). Participants were divided in quintiles (Q) based on their baseline GGT levels. Multiple logistic regression analyses [odds ratio (95% confidence intervals)] revealed a significant association of GGT with incident hypertension [2.1 (1.1 to 4.0) Q5 versus Q1]. In subgroup analyses, GGT and HTN were significantly associated among both noncurrent and current drinkers, but only for participants above the median of anthropometric measures [eg, body mass index >26.4, 2.3 (0.9 to 5.7), waist circumference >86.1 cm, 3.7 (1.4 to 9.9), and abdominal height >19.8 cm, 3.1 (1.2 to 8.5), for Q5 versus Q1, in fully adjusted models]. These findings suggest that the association between GGT and hypertension is not caused solely by alcohol consumption and indicate that serum GGT, within its normal range, may predict hypertension among individuals with increased central fat distribution, suggesting that fatty liver may represent an important underlying mechanism for this association.  (+info)

Short-term predictors of abdominal obesity in children. (8/434)

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the short-term tracking of abdominal adiposity in children. METHODS: A total of 918 children (477 boys) aged 6-12 years at baseline were followed-up for 2 years. Central obesity was assessed by waist circumference (WaistC), whereas body fat distribution by waist-to-hip ratio. Maturity was assessed by the Khamis-Roche method. Parental fatness and children's cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also evaluated. Multiple and logistic regressions were employed to identify the predictors of BMI and WaistC. RESULTS: Tracking of body fatness and body fat distribution was high (r = 0.69-0.86, P < 0.01). More boys remained obese than girls (P < 0.05), whereas a greater percentage of boys moved to a higher quartile of WaistC after the 2-year follow-up (22.0 vs 14.1%, P < 0.01). Sex, child's maturity and WaistC at baseline, CRF, and maternal BMI explained 76% of the variability in BMI and WaistC at the follow-up (n = 290). Children with high WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented 1.9- and 4.3-fold increased risk of remaining in the upper quartile of WaistC at the follow-up (P < 0.01; n = 552). CONCLUSION: Youth with increased WaistC at baseline and low CRF presented an increased chance of maintaining central obesity at the follow-up. More boys than girls moved into a higher quartile of abdominal obesity during the 2-year follow-up period and this should be taken into account in designing programmes for childhood obesity.  (+info)

Ross, Robert, Shaw, Kimberley D., Martel, Yves, de Guise, Jacques, Hudson, Robert et Avruch, Leonard. 1993. « Determination of total and regional adipose tissue distribution by magnetic resonance imaging in android women ». In Human Body Composition : In Vivo Methods, Models, and Assessment. Coll. « Basic life sciences », vol. 60. pp. 177-180. Springer ...
Background: Abdominal fat distributions are reportedly strongly associated with metabolic risks in type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, research on fat distribution in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been limited.. Aim: To investigate fat distribution characteristics in adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus for comparison to those with simple obesity in Japan.. Design/Methods: Sixty-one adolescents 10 to 15 years of age with simple obesity or type 2 diabetes mellitus, who visited our outpatient clinics between 2002 and 2018, were enrolled in this study with ethics approval. Simple obesity was defined as a BMI ≥95%ile without. Serum lipids, ALT and HbA1c were measured without fasting. Visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) were investigated using umbilical level CT scans. Subjects were classified into 2 subgroups: simple obesity group (n=38) or the type 2 diabetes mellitus group (n=23).. Results: Comparisons between the 2 groups are shown in Table 1. VFA and the ...
In a multicenter case-control study that included 403 cases and 297 controls, we examined the relation of past and contemporary body size, including body fat distribution, to the risk of endometrial cancer. The relative contributions of past and contemporary body size were assessed by examining weight and height histories provided by the subjects. Anthropometric indicators thought to reflect early environmental influences (e.g., height and sitting height), current weight, and fat distribution patterns were measured directly. Height was not a risk factor for endometrial cancer, but inexplicably, sitting height was inversely associated with risk. Weight during early adulthood appeared to be directly related to disease risk, but the association was explained by contemporary weight and thus weight gain during adulthood. While contemporary weight was associated with risk of endometrial cancer, the effect was restricted to those in the top quartile. Women whose measured weight at interview exceeded 78 ...
Central distribution of body fat is associated with a higher risk of renal disease, but whether it is the distribution pattern or the overall excess weight that underlies this association is not well understood. Here, we studied the association between waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), which reflects central adiposity, and renal hemodynamics in 315 healthy persons with a mean body mass index (BMI) of 24.9 kg/m2 and a mean 125I-iothalamate GFR of 109 ml/min per 1.73 m2. In multivariate analyses, WHR was associated with lower GFR, lower effective renal plasma flow, and higher filtration fraction, even after adjustment for sex, age, mean arterial pressure, and BMI. Multivariate models produced similar results regardless of whether the hemodynamic measures were indexed to body surface area. Thus, these results suggest that central body fat distribution, independent of BMI, is associated with an unfavorable pattern of renal hemodynamic measures that could underlie the increased renal risk reported in ...
Abstract: The relation of body fat distribution as measured by the ratio of waist to hip circumferences (WHR) to plasma levels of lipids and lipoproteins was studied In 713 men and 520 women who were employed by two Milwaukee companies. Quetelet Index (kg/m2), waist girth, hip girth, and WHR were each positively related to levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B, and the ratio of total to high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. In addition, the anthropometric measures were inversely associated with levels of HDL cholesterol. (Controlling for age, alcohol Intake, exercise level, current smoking status, and oral contraceptive use only slightly reduced the strength of the correlations.) In addition, WHR and Quetelet Index were Independently related to lipid and lipoprotein levels, and the magnitudes of the associations were roughly equivalent For example, the mean (covariate-adjusted) triglyceride level among men in the upper tertile of the Quetelet Index was 37 mg/dl ...
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that diabetes, body fat distribution, and (in nondiabetic subjects) fasting insulin levels are positively associated with ischemic stroke incidence in the general population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: As part of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, we measured diabetes by using fasting glucose criteria, waist and hip circumferences, and fasting insulin levels with a radioimmunoassay in , 12,000 adults aged 45-64 years who had no cardiovascular disease at baseline. We followed them for 6-8 years for ischemic stroke occurrence (n = 191). RESULTS: After adjustment for age, sex, race, ARIC community, smoking, and education level, the relative risk of ischemic stroke was 3.70 (95% CI 2.7-5.1) for diabetes, 1.74 (1.4-2.2) for a 0.11 increment of waist-to-hip ratio, and 1.19 (1.1-1.3) for a 50-pmol/l increment of fasting insulin among nondiabetic subjects. Ischemic stroke incidence was not statistically significantly associated with BMI ...
Learning about body fat distribution and how it differs between men and women is a very interesting topic a lot of people ignore. Learn about it with us!
Centralized obesity has been associated with increased risk of non-insulin dependent diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Paramount to a sensitive index of body fat distribution is that it contain a measure of lower limb fat (Ashwell et al. 1978; 1982; Mueller and Stallones 1981). However, many epidemiological studies of body fat distribution, which have used skinfold measurements, have been limited to estimating centralized obesity from the triceps and subscapular or other conventional upper body sites. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivities, specificities, and positive predictive values of skinfold indices of body fat distribution when only sites on the upper body are available. We were able to do this in a large population-based data set, the Canadian YMCA-LIFE study, which in-cluded adults 25 to 64 years of age and skinfold sites from upper and lower anatomical regions of the body.Sensitivities, specificities, and positive predictive values did not vary systematically with age
Standard care for the treatment of HIV infection involves the use of a combination of three antiretroviral drugs. The initial recommended regimen in antiretroviral-naive patients according to therapeutic guidelines of the US Department of Health and Human Resources (DHHS) includes two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a third drug from another class (PI or NRTI).. The use of nucleoside analogues, especially stavudine and zidovudine, is associated with untoward side effects, including lipodystrophy hepatic steatosis/lactic acidosis syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, and anemia. However, Truvada has a low potential for both mitochondrial toxicity and fat distribution disturbances.. As described in the Consensus Document of the Spanish Group for the Study of AIDS (GESIDA), and the AIDS National Plan from the Spanish Ministry of Health Recommendations on metabolic alterations and body fat distribution, studies should focus on the evaluation of body fat disturbances after ...
Standard care for the treatment of HIV infection involves the use of a combination of three antiretroviral drugs. The initial recommended regimen in antiretroviral-naive patients according to therapeutic guidelines of the US Department of Health and Human Resources (DHHS) includes two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a third drug from another class (PI or NRTI).. The use of nucleoside analogues, especially stavudine and zidovudine, is associated with untoward side effects, including lipodystrophy hepatic steatosis/lactic acidosis syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, and anemia. However, Truvada has a low potential for both mitochondrial toxicity and fat distribution disturbances.. As described in the Consensus Document of the Spanish Group for the Study of AIDS (GESIDA), and the AIDS National Plan from the Spanish Ministry of Health Recommendations on metabolic alterations and body fat distribution, studies should focus on the evaluation of body fat disturbances after ...
In the POUNDS LOST Trial, a 2-year, randomized weight-loss intervention, we found that dietary protein intake significantly modified the effect of an FTO variant on changes in body composition and fat distribution. Carriers of the risk allele (A allele) of the rs1558902 genotype had a greater loss of weight and regional fat in response to a high-protein diet compared with noncarriers, whereas an opposite genetic effect was observed regarding changes in fat distribution in response to a low-protein diet. Our data indicate that the modification effects of dietary treatment were more evident with prolonged intervention. We did not observe significant modification of dietary fat intake on the genotype effects.. The rs1558902 genotype was reported to show the strongest association with obesity in the European (25,26) and other ethnic populations (28), and it has strong linkage disequilibrium with other obesity-associated FTO variants such as the rs9939609 genotype. In this study, the MAF of the ...
HUNTER, G. R., T. KEKES-SZABO, S. W. SNYDER, C. NICHOLSON, I. NYIKOS, and L. BERLAND. Fat distribution, physical activity, and cardiovascular risk factors. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 362-369,1997. The purpose of this study was to report the relationship between fat distribution, physical activity PA, and cardiovascular disease...
Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals. We identify 49 loci (33 new) associated with waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (BMI), and an additional 19 loci newly associated with related waist and hip circumference measures (P , 5 × 10(-8)). In total, 20 of the 49 waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI loci show significant sexual dimorphism, 19 of which display a stronger effect in women. The identified loci were enriched for genes expressed in adipose tissue and for putative regulatory elements in adipocytes. Pathway analyses implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation and insulin resistance as processes ...
We suggest that adiposity and in particular visceral adipose tissue is a key promoter of low-grade chronic inflammation. This observation may in part account for the association of CRP with markers of the metabolic syndrome. Future studies should confirm whether CRP concentrations are elevated in So …
Questionnaires may be useful for large-scale epidemiologic studies. However, this approach is fraught with many difficulties. The major difficulty with the questionnaire approach is that it relies on the ability of the subject (or the parent) to recall behavioral information accurately. Also, it is difficult to translate qualitative information on physical activity (eg, playing for 30 minutes) to quantitative data (ie, kcal per exercise session). Although many different types of questionnaires exist, very few (if any) have been developed specifically and validated for use in children.. As described in more detail by Montoye et al,62 the most frequently used questionnaires in adults include the Minnesota, Paffenberger, Five-City 7-Day Recall, Baecke, and Framingham questionnaires as well as dozens of others that have been described in the literature. Although some validity and reliability studies have been performed, the lack of use of strong criterion methods makes it difficult to interpret the ...
The time course of metabolic and cardiovascular changes with weight gain and subsequent weight loss has not been elucidated. The goal of the present study was to determine how weight gain, weight loss and altered body fat distribution affected metabolic and cardiovascular changes in an obese dog model. Testing was performed when the dogs were lean (scores 4-5 on a nine-point scale), after ad libitum feeding for 12 and 32 weeks to promote obesity (,5 score), and after weight loss. Measurements included serum glucose and insulin, plasma leptin, adiponectin and C-reactive protein, echocardiography, flow-mediated dilation and blood pressure. Body fat distribution was assessed by computed tomography. Fasting serum glucose concentrations increased significantly with obesity (P, 0·05). Heart rate increased by 22 (se 5) bpm after 12 weeks of obesity (P= 0·003). Systolic left ventricular free wall thickness increased after 12 weeks of obesity (P= 0·002), but decreased after weight loss compared with ...
Addiction, Food, Additives and Preservatives, Adolescent Nutrition, Adult Nutrition, African Americans, Diet of, Africans, Diets of, Aging and Nutrition, Alcohol and Health, Allergies and Intolerances, Alternative Medicines and Therapies, etc…
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Evangelou, E., Gao, H., Chu, C., Ntritsos, G., Blakeley, P., Butts, A., Pazoki, R., Suzuki, H., Koskeridis, F., Yiorkas, A., Karaman, I., Elliott, J., Luo, Q., Aeschbacher, S., Bartz, T., Baumeister, S., Braund, P., Brown, M., Brody, J., Clarke, T., Dimou, N., Faul, J., Homuth, G., Jackson, A., Kentistou, K., Joshi, P., Lemaitre, R., Lind, P., Lyytikäinen, L., Mangino, M., Milaneschi, Y., Nelson, C., Nolte, I., Perälä, M., Polasek, O., Porteous, D., Ratliff, S., Smith, J., Stančáková, A., Teumer, A., Tuominen, S., Thériault, S., Vangipurapu, J., Whitfield, J., Wood, A., Yao, J., Yu, B., Zhao, W., Arking, D., Auvinen, J., Liu, C., Männikkö, M., Risch, L., Rotter, J., Snieder, H., Veijola, J., Blakemore, A., Boehnke, M., Campbell, H., Conen, D., Eriksson, J., Grabe, H., Guo, X., van der Harst, P., Hartman, C., Hayward, C., Heath, A., Jarvelin, M., Kähönen, M., Kardia, S., Kühne, M., Kuusisto, J., Laakso, M., Lahti, J., Lehtimäki, T., McIntosh, A., Mohlke, K., Morrison, A., Martin, N., ...
Principal Investigator:DOUCHI Tsutomu, Project Period (FY):1997 - 1999, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Obstetrics and gynecology
Després, Jean-Pierre et al Role of Deep Abdominal Fat in the Association Between Regional Adipose Tissue Distribution and Glucose Tolerance in Obese Women. Diabetes 38.3 (1989): 304-309. Web. 31 July. 2021. ...
Central body fat distribution, independent of BMI, is tied to unfavorable patterns of renal hemodynamics that could explain the increased renal risk reported in previous studies.
Body Fat Tester- Body Fat TesterGet the low-down on body fat For those not content with the generalities and vagueness of the Body Mass Index method,
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You dont have to be over the hill to want to burn body fat and have a toned body. However, it goes without saying that the older you get, the harder it becomes to maintain a hard body. It is just another cruel trick that nature plays on us as the years pass us by; however, there is something you can do about it though.. First and foremost, if you currently exercise regularly, you should continue to do so. Exercise is perhaps the very best way to boost metabolism and burn calories, even when your body is at rest. If you find that you cannot get rid of stubborn body fat even with regular exercise, you may need to try a supplement that can help you burn body fat by raising your metabolism.. Keep in mind that there are literally hundreds of different weight loss pills on the market today, so you need to do some research before blinding trying any one of them. Ideally, you would want to try a supplement that is completely natural, without any harsh stimulants that can make you feel jittery. Caffeine ...
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I have been reading the forums for a little while now......and Id like some help. What is the fastest way to drop BF??? I am 55, 30%bf, 168lbs,
This is my first post. Please move this if it is in the wrong spot. I am 65 225lbs. 46yrs. 14% body fat. Just lost 25lbs of body fat in 80 days. I am
Looking for online definition of fat distribution in the Medical Dictionary? fat distribution explanation free. What is fat distribution? Meaning of fat distribution medical term. What does fat distribution mean?
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between body fat distribution and resting energy expenditure (REE) in obese women. Abdominal adiposity was determined by six different methods: waist to hip circumference ratio (WHR), sagittal diameter (SD), waist circumference, sagittal diameter/height (SD/H), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and the conicity index (CI). REE was determined by indirect calorimetry. When age, fat free mass, and fat mass were controlled for, SD and SD/H were the only anthropometric measures to correlate with REE at r = 0.63, P | .01 and r = 0.55, P | .05, respectively.
Abdominal adiposity is associated with metabolic and hormonal changes, many of which have been associated with the risk of premenopausal breast cancer. In the study to investigate the association between body fat distribution, assessed in 1993 by self-reported waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist to hip ratio, and the incidence of premenopausal breast cancer in the Nurses Health Study II, by the Harvard School of Public Health, posted in PubMed, indicated that during 426,164 person-years of follow-up from 1993 to 2005, 620 cases of breast cancer were diagnosed among 45,799 women. Hormone receptor status information was available for 84% of the breast cancers. The age-standardized incidence rates of breast cancer were 131 per 100,000 person-years among those in the lowest quintile of waist circumference and 136 per 100,000 person-years among those in the highest quintile. No statistically significant associations were found between waist circumference, hip circumference, or the ...
The relationship between antiretroviral treatment of HIV infection, body fat distribution, insulin resistance (HOMA), adipocytokine and apolipoprotein-B (apoB) kinetics was investigated in 12 HIV negative controls and 55 HIV-infected patients including antiretroviral treatment-naïve patients (n=15) and patients taking two nucleoside analogues plus either a protease inhibitor (PI, n=15) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI, n = 25). The HIV positive treatment groups had mild dyslipidaemia. The apo-B fractional clearance rate (FCR) was reduced in the HIV positive groups. Peripheral fat was lower in treated patients and correlated with duration of therapy. There was a positive correlation between peripheral fat and apo-B clearance rate and a negative correlation with apo-B pool size. Adiponectin was reduced in all HIV positive groups and correlated positively with HDL-cholesterol, apo-B FCR and limb fat and correlated negatively with plasma triglycerides and HOMA. In a linear ...
Difference between body fat percentage and bmi. . Body Fat Percentage in Colombian Adults with Overweight or Obesity. a convenient tool for assessing body fat percentage (BF%) in a sample of t-test showed a significant mean difference in BF% between the methods. BMI is also uninformative with regard to body fat distribution. waist-to-hip ratio (​WHR; WC/HC), height (cm) and body fat percentage (BF%). patterns in both sexes and no statistical differences between the effect estimates.. proteina isolada de soja 90 tabela nutricional.
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Women have more body fat than men, but in contrast to the deleterious metabolic consequences of the central obesity typical of men, the pear-shaped body fat distribution of many women is associated with lower cardiometabolic risk. To understand the mechanisms regulating adiposity and adipose tissue distribution in men and women, significant research attention has focused on comparing adipocyte morphological and metabolic properties, as well as the capacity of preadipocytes derived from different depots for proliferation and differentiation. Available evidence points to possible intrinsic, cell autonomous differences in preadipocytes and adipocytes, as well as modulatory roles for sex steroids, the microenvironment within each adipose tissue, and developmental factors. Gluteal-femoral adipose tissues of women may simply provide a safe lipid reservoir for excess energy, or they may directly regulate systemic metabolism via release of metabolic products or adipokines. We provide a brief overview of the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Obesity, adipose tissue distribution and health in men - The study of men born in 1913.. AU - Larsson, B.. AU - Seidell, J.C.. AU - Svärdsudd, K.. AU - Welin, L.. AU - Tibblin, G.. AU - Wilhelmsen, L.. AU - Björntorp, P.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. M3 - Article. VL - 13. SP - 37. EP - 44. JO - Appetite. JF - Appetite. SN - 0195-6663. ER - ...
A series of genetic variations linked to fat, obesity, and body shape have been discovered by an international team of 400 experts from more than 250 research institutions.. The scientists, who published their findings in the journal Nature Genetics on Sunday, found a total of 30 different variations which could help explain why some people are overweight, as well as why some people have apple or pear shaped physiques.. One study, led by researchers at Oxford University and the Medical Research Council, involved the analysis of the genetic codes of over 77,000 individuals. They were looking for regions which could be linked to differences in body fat distribution, according to a BBC News report, and discovered 13 areas which could help determine whether fat is more likely to be stored in the waist or the hips.. The researchers note that the genetic variations have a stronger impact on women than men, and that the 13 regions also include functions linked to the development of diabetes, including ...
Africa is experiencing a rapid increase in adult obesity and associated cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs). The H3Africa AWI-Gen Collaborative Centre was established to examine genomic and environmental factors that influence body composition, body fat distribution and CMD risk, with the aim to provide insights towards effective treatment and intervention strategies. It provides a research platform of over 10 500 participants, 40-60 years old, from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa.
New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution. Shungin D, Winkler TW, Croteau-Chonka DC, Ferreira T, Locke AE, Mägi R, Strawbridge RJ, Pers TH, Fischer K, Justice AE, Workalemahu T, Wu JM, Buchkovich ML, Heard-Costa NL, Roman TS, Drong AW, Song C, Gustafsson S, Day FR, Esko T, Fall T, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Randall JC, Scherag A, Vedantam S, Wood AR, Chen J, Fehrmann R, Karjalainen J, Kahali B, Liu CT, Schmidt EM, Absher D, Amin N, Anderson D, Beekman M, Bragg-Gresham JL, Buyske S, Demirkan A, Ehret GB, Feitosa MF, Goel A, Jackson AU, Johnson T, Kleber ME, Kristiansson K, Mangino M, Mateo Leach I, Medina-Gomez C, Palmer CD, Pasko D, Pechlivanis S, Peters MJ, Prokopenko I, Stan?áková A, Ju Sung Y, Tanaka T, Teumer A, Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Yengo L, Zhang W, Albrecht E, Ärnlöv J, Arscott GM, Bandinelli S, Barrett A, Bellis C, Bennett AJ, Berne C, Blüher M, Böhringer S, Bonnet F, Böttcher Y, Bruinenberg M, Carba DB, Caspersen IH, Clarke R, Daw EW, Deelen J, ...
15 patients diagnosed with CHI completed a 6-month EMS training programme using Miha bodytec machines. The amplitude was chosen by the patients according to their subjective sensation of muscle contraction/pulse sensation at level 8 on a ten-step scale. Before and after the 3 and 6 months of training, the cardiac performance was assessed by means of spiroergometry, electrocardiography (EKG) and echocardiogram. Furthermore, the metabolic status including creatine kinase (CK) and laktatedehydrogenase (LDH) and the patients weight and body fat distribution was determined (impedance scale).. ...
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If you compare the results of both method, you will find that the variation of the body fat percentage for men are very high for some values. And there is no exact body fat range classification based on the calculated results. Different authorities have different classification based on their research. So, use this result as your brief reference. Always consult your doctor or your health advisor to give you a better objective valuation.. The guidance to use this spreadsheet is simple, just enter your body fat parameter measurement in the corresponding boxes, and the excel formula will give you the body fat percentage and the health classification range based on that percentage. ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Comparison with the methods for measuring body fat and investigation of interrelationships between anthropometry and body fat in adults. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Some people with HIV complain of weight and belly fat gain after they start HIV treatment. But researchers have not been able to determine what causes the ...
To use the Armys body fat calculator, go to an Army body fat calculator website such as or; enter in your age, gender, height, neck and waist measurements, and then...
How to lose body fat: It is important that you understand that losing body fat is not just about dieting or exercise. You need to get your thinking and attitudes right if you want any chance of succeeding with your weight loss. The main reason that most people are overweight is because they eat the… Read More »
Table of Contents Bacchetti P, Gripshover B, Grunfeld C, et al. Fat distribution in men with HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. October 1, ...
What is the truth about cutting body fat? Explore the latest scientific facts and discoveries that get down to the nitty-gritty of how fat is affecting you.
Brand Name: JunejourOrigin: CN(Origin)Health Scale Metal Bonding Point: Four-point TypeMaterial: Toughened GlassShape: SquareScale Type: DIGITALMaximum Weight Recommendation: as shownFunction: Body Fat and Water Content TestingPattern Type: SolidHealth Scale Weight Indication: DIGITALModel Number: M149735System: Androi
This level is characterized by muscle definition in most muscle groups and some clear vascularity (the showing of your veins) in areas such as arms, legs, and abs. 10-12% body fat: This level of body fat is a sustainable level for men. Your abs can be seen, but arent as chiseled or defined as a man with 6-7% body fat ...
Inside a lifestyle associated with blame-shifting all of us frequently search for somebody the reason for the situation. Being obese isnt any various -- whos
Its not by chance youve come! You know there is something youre not being told. Your search has landed you here and your arrival is very much anticipated. Youre In The Right Place! Youre looking for real solutions on how to lose weight and how to keep it off. The good news is…. Youre very […] ...
Action HoloRam® Reguline-M acts as a bio-regulator of the natural metabolic processes that promote the physiological balance of the weight and the distribution of body fat. Explanation HoloRam® Reguline-M is a precise combination of activated a
Gynoid fat is the body fat that forms around the hips, breasts and thighs. Gynoid fat in females is used to provide nourishment ... Android fat distribution is also related to WHR, but is the opposite to gynoid fat. Instead, android fat is deposited in the ... Gynoid fat is a lower risk factor for cardiovascular disease than android fat. However excess body fat is the main source of ... the fat distribution within the female body begins a transition from the gynoid type to more of an android type distribution. ...
... men showed greater body fat mass than women. Men showed a total body fat mass increase of 6.9 kg and women showed a total body ... Android fat distribution is contrasted with gynoid fat distribution, whereby fat around the hips, thighs, and bottom results in ... this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution, resulting in a 42.1% increase in android body fat ... A difference in body fat distribution was observed between men and women living in Denmark (this includes both android fat ...
Björntorp P (September 1997). "Body fat distribution, insulin resistance, and metabolic diseases". Nutrition. 13 (9): 795-803. ... Certain researchers suggest that BPA actually decreases the fat cell count in the body, but at the same time increasing the ... A person's body composition is very much predetermined before birth and changes rarely occur in adulthood. Adipocyte numbers ... BPA has been shown to seep into food sources from containers or into the body just by handling products made from it. ...
Body weight and fat distribution appear to be normal. There is a lack of grossly apparent behavioral phenotypes, including in ... Body weight and fat distribution appear to be normal. Increased anxiety-like behavior is seen. In addition, the antidepressant- ... Body weight and body fat are increased. There are signs of insulin resistance, as in PCOS in humans. Due to the substantially ... the patient also appeared to show minimal widening of the hips and a lack of subcutaneous fat deposition, which is in ...
Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contribute to weight gain and body fat distribution; although, only ... "Researchers discover DNA variants significantly influence body fat distribution". Retrieved 2019-03-12. ... "Protein-coding variants implicate novel genes related to lipid homeostasis contributing to body-fat distribution". Nature ... January 2009). "Six new loci associated with body mass index highlight a neuronal influence on body weight regulation". Nat. ...
"Parent-Offspring Correlation for Body Measurements and Subcutaneous Fat Distribution". Human Biology. Detroit, USA: Wayne State ...
The WHtR is a measure of the distribution of body fat. Higher values of WHtR indicate higher risk of obesity-related ... and behaviour Body fat percentage - Total mass of fat divided by total body mass, multiplied by 100 Body Mass Index - Total ... mass divided by the square of height Body shape - General shape of a human body Body water - Water content of an animal's body ... Swainson MG, Batterham AM, Tsakirides C, Rutherford ZH, Hind K (2017). "Prediction of whole-body fat percentage and visceral ...
Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J (1 April 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and ... and cultural values favoring a larger body size are believed to contribute to the observed patterns. Attitudes toward body mass ... In this article, researchers found that limiting or prohibiting a child's access to foods high in fat, sugar, and energy led to ... The correlation between social class and body mass index (BMI) varies globally. A review in 1989 found that in developed ...
... body fat distribution, and insulin resistance". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (Review). 87 (4): 801-9. doi:10.1093 ... New York: Grove Press, p.38 Chiolero, A; Faeh, D; Paccaud, F; Cornuz, J (Apr 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, ... Within all racial groups, it was found that weight concerns and negative body perceptions were a significant factor in an ... There is however "increasing evidence that smoking is conducive to greater accumulation of visceral fat and greater insulin ...
O'Neill B, Simha V, Kotha V, Garg A (July 2007). "Body fat distribution and metabolic variables in patients with neonatal ... Evidence suggests that asprosin is secreted from white adipose tissue, which accounts for 5-50% of human body weight and is ... Asprosin was reported to stimulate glucose release from hepatocytes, and plasma levels of asprosin in obese high-fat-fed mice ... and body weight in various environmental and genetic models of metabolic syndrome. These findings have led to an effort to ...
Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J (April 2008). "Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and ... Increases in body fat alter the body's response to insulin, potentially leading to insulin resistance. Increased fat also ... Excess body fat underlies 64% of cases of diabetes in men and 77% of cases in women. Health consequences fall into two broad ... These changes are believed to be due to increasing rates of adiposity leading to increased acceptance of extra body fat as ...
O'Neill B, Simha V, Kotha V, Garg A (2007). "Body fat distribution and metabolic variables in patients with neonatal progeroid ... Lizzie Velasquez weighs just four stone and has almost zero per cent body fat but she is not anorexic. [...] Despite consuming ... Normal amounts of subcutaneous fat are found in the torso over the chest and abdomen. As such, the breasts are normal in ... Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Conditions of the subcutaneous fat, Rare genetic ...
A single report has suggested a beneficial effect from treatment with rosiglitazone on fat distribution in acquired partial ... preferential fat gain was in the lower body.[citation needed] Direct drug therapy is administered according to the associated ... Variable fat loss of the palms, but no loss of intramarrow or retro-orbital fat, has been demonstrated.[citation needed] In ... As a confirmatory test, whole-body MRI usually clearly demonstrates the extent of lipodystrophy. MRI is not recommended on a ...
"Contribution of Breast Volume and Weight to Body Fat Distribution in Females" (PDF). American Journal of Physical Anthropology ... The average breast weighs about 0.5 kilograms (1.1 lb). Each breast contributes to about 4-5% of the body fat. The density of ... Softer tissue require tightening when measuring, this to ensure that the bra band will fit snugly on the body and stay in place ... To help women meet the perceived ideal female body shape, corset and girdle manufacturers used a calculation called hip spring ...
"Contribution of breast volume and weight to body fat distribution in females" (PDF). Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 53 (1): 93-100. ... such as with breast implants or fat transfer. Pharmacological or hormonal breast enhancement, through administration of ...
"Biology of Regional Body Fat Distribution: Relationship of to non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus". Findings in this study ... "Biology of regional body fat distribution: relationship to non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus". Diabetes Metab Rev. 5 (2 ... Its twofold objective is to sponsor research and foster support groups in human body weight control. Most members refer to the ... "pear-shaped" for android obesity and gynoid obesity, which are adipose tissue distributions that were at the time more typical ...
Goossens, Gijs H. (2017). "The Metabolic Phenotype in Obesity: Fat Mass, Body Fat Distribution, and Adipose Tissue Function". ...
... and in the storage and distribution of fats in the body. The VPS13B is found at locus 8q22.2. This means that the VPS13B gene ... It has also been speculated that the VPS13B protein may influence the development of certain somatic cells and body systems, ... and may be involved in the storing and allocation of fats in humans. Mutations in the VPS13B gene can result in the abnormal ...
... that RLX promotes the shift from android to gynoid fat distribution, and prevents the uptrend of abdominal adiposity and body ... "Effects of raloxifene on body fat distribution and lipid profile in healthy post-menopausal women". Journal of Endocrinological ... for one year prevented body weight gain and abdominal adiposity by promoting a shift from an android to gynoid fat distribution ...
"Effect of climacteric transition and hormone replacement therapy on body weight and body fat distribution". Gynecological ... These menopause-induced changes in body fat distribution can be counteracted with hormone replacement therapy. In contrast, ... Artistic canons of body proportions - Criteria used in formal figurative art Body proportions - Proportions of the human body ... body fat distribution, and hypertension in type 2 diabetes. The stress hormone cortisol is regulated by the hypothalamic- ...
Frank AP, de Souza Santos R, Palmer BF, Clegg DJ (October 2019). "Determinants of body fat distribution in humans may provide ... and female fat distribution. Conversely, androgens are responsible for pubic and body hair growth, as well as acne and axillary ... and legs but decreased abdominal and visceral fat (androgenic obesity).Estradiol also regulates energy expenditure, body weight ... Janssen I, Powell LH, Kazlauskaite R, Dugan SA (March 2010). "Testosterone and visceral fat in midlife women: the Study of ...
The accuracy of these estimates is more dependent on a person's unique body fat distribution than on the number of sites ... body fat includes essential body fat and storage body fat. Essential body fat is necessary to maintain life and reproductive ... but their correlation with body fat are only estimates; body fat cannot be deduced accurately from BMI. Body fat may be ... actually estimate body density, not body fat percentage, the body fat percentage is obtained by applying a second formula, such ...
Evidence for a role of developmental genes in the origin of obesity and body fat distribution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 ... 2006: Joslin researchers find that specific genes can determine both obesity and body-fat distribution in humans. 2009: ... 1996: A molecular pathway (called NF-κB) is identified in fat and the liver that is activated by obesity (and a fatty diet) and ... Researchers in the lab of C. Ronald Kahn discover that brown fat is present in some adults, providing a new target for the ...
Singh, Devendra (1993-10-08). "Body fat distribution and perception of desirable female body shape by young black men and women ... Singh, Devendra (2011-02-06). "Body shape and women's attractiveness". Human Nature. 4 (3): 297-321. doi:10.1007/BF02692203. ...
"Polymorphism of DsbA-L gene associates with insulin secretion and body fat distribution in Chinese population". Endocrine ...
Instead, triglycerides are used for storage in fly body fat and milk secretions. However, researchers have conducted laboratory ... Pollock, J. N. (1982). Training Manual for Tsetse Control Personnel: Tsetse biology, systematics and distribution; techniques. ... Their bodies tend to have varied dark and light patches, effectively camouflaging them on surfaces such as bark, rock, or soil ... At this stage, the adult's body is very soft while its wings are small and crumpled. After a few urinations, the wings will ...
"The Relationship of Internalized Racism to Body Fat Distribution and Insulin Resistance among African Adolescent Youth." ... higher body fat measures and other measures of psychological distress. These studies imply that internalized racism subjects ...
"Body Fat Distribution and Risk of Non-Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus in Women: The Nurses' Health Study". American Journal ... Trans Fats: correlation between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and consumption of trans fatty acids. Initially met with ... Munger, Kassandra L.; Chitnis, Tanuja; Ascherio, Alberto (2009-11-10). "Body size and risk of MS in two cohorts of US women". ... "Final Determination Regarding Partially Hydrogenated Oils (Removing Trans Fat)". FDA. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-15. ...
"Can alternating lower body negative and positive pressure during exercise alter regional body fat distribution or skin ... The IVT treatment device consists of a cylindrical space in which the lower body of a lying patient (up until the ribs) is ... Blood volume is adapted to the change of pressure within the lower part of the body. The flow of oxygenized blood within the ... "Lower Body Negative Pressure". Retrieved 17 June 2013. Fonda, Borut; Sarabon, Nejc (July 2015). "Effects of ...
... which then help determine fat distribution delivery throughout the body. Chylomicrons, the least dense cholesterol transport ... However, during the first seven hours after ingestion of cholesterol, as absorbed fats are being distributed around the body ... Chylomicrons carry fats from the intestine to muscle and other tissues in need of fatty acids for energy or fat production. ... A 2017 review by the American Heart Association recommends switching saturated fats for polyunsaturated fats to reduce ...
The daily newspaper includes lift-outs including Play Magazine, The Guide, West Weekend, and Body and Soul. is ... It is personally driven by a particular individual". Armstrong responded by saying he "could not give a fat rat's arse" about ... Natalie Jones (8 December 2014). "The West Australian cuts distribution, says 'too expensive' to deliver newspapers to remote ... Periodicals Division, (issuing body.) (1954), Visit to Western Australia of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, 1954 : souvenir ...
Although fat is a common way of storing energy, in vertebrates such as humans the fatty acids in these stores cannot be ... There is only a small amount of ATP in cells, but as it is continuously regenerated, the human body can use about its own ... evolution and distribution of novel enzyme activities" (PDF). Environmental Microbiology. 7 (12): 1868-82. doi:10.1111/j.1462- ... The fats are a large group of compounds that contain fatty acids and glycerol; a glycerol molecule attached to three fatty ...
de Koning DJ, Rattink AP, Harlizius B, van Arendonk JA, Brascamp EW, Groenen MA (July 2000). "Genome-wide scan for body ... nonrandom parental chromatid distribution in the ferns, and even mating type switching in yeast. This diversity in organisms ... gene in sheep produces large buttocks consisting of muscle with very little fat. The large-buttocked phenotype only occurs when ... by a sexually dimorphic allele expression implicating a cross-gender imprinting influence that varies throughout the body and ...
It affects the human body by targeting T-cells, that are responsible for protection from uncommon infections and cancers. It is ... HIV infection can affect the production of hormones that interfere with the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. In ... Their second recommendation is to tackle the inequitable distribution of money, power and resources. This would involve ... Without these vital nutrients, the body lacks the defense mechanisms to resist infections. At the same time, HIV lowers the ...
The name translates as "pierced nose", but only the Chinook used that form of body modification. Cut off from most of their ... wornout horses for the Indians to take care of and have fat and strong when Lewis and Clark should come back on their way home ... Distribution of North American Plateau Indians". "Encyclopædia Britannica: Nez Perce People". Hunn, Eugene and James Selam. ...
Stirling, Ian (1988). "Distribution and Abundance". Polar Bears. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-10100- ... Lockyer, Christina (1991). "Body composition of the sperm whale, Physeter cation, with special reference to the possible ... dense epidermis and a thickened fat layer (blubber) to prevent drag. Wading and bottom-feeding animals (such as manatees) need ... Marine mammals have developed a number of features for efficient locomotion such as torpedo-shaped bodies to reduce drag; ...
... fat 0.368%; and protein 1.581%. The free fatty acid content of dried fruit bodies was 4.5%, slightly more than the common ... In addition to its distribution, B. kermesinus can be distinguished from E. frostii by having flesh that does not bruise blue ... If the fruit body has dried out after a rain, the cap is especially shiny, sometimes appearing finely areolate (having a ... The fruit bodies grow solitarily, scattered, or in groups on the ground under hardwood trees; the fungus fruits in summer to ...
This was most likely due to low body fat, infanticide, high levels of physical activity among women, late weaning of infants, ... ISBN 978-0-7591-0154-8. Gavashelishvili, A.; Tarkhnishvili, D. (2016). "Biomes and human distribution during the last ice age ... The Woman in the Shaman's Body: Reclaiming the Feminine in Religion and Medicine. New York: Bantam. Jared Diamond. "The Worst ... to travel over large bodies of water, which may have allowed a group of Homo erectus to reach the island of Flores and evolve ...
"The bumblebee body". Retrieved 12 February 2015. Williams, Paul H. (2007). "The distribution of bumblebee colour ... The drones and workers die as the weather turns colder; the young queens feed intensively to build up stores of fat for the ... Bumblebees have round bodies covered in soft hair (long branched setae) called 'pile', making them appear and feel fuzzy. They ... When it enters a flower, the bumblebee's body hairs receive a dusting of pollen from the anthers. In queens and workers this is ...
Then both of them changed from the astral body of a plant in to the astral body of a man, and that light, which is the soul, ... Raw rhubarb is 94% water, 5% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and contains negligible fat (table). In a 100-gram (3+1⁄2-ounce) ... Libert, Bo & Englund, Roger (1989). "Present Distribution and Ecology of Rheum rhaponticum (Polygonaceae)". Willdenowia. 19 (1 ... 6. [On the completion of forty years,] Mashye and Mashyane grew up from the earth in the astral body of a rivas (= rhubarb) ...
The cycle starts with the oocysts that leave the body with the feces and are left on plant-material. When other locust than eat ... Cielocha, Joanna J.; Cook, Tamara J.; Clopton, Richard E. (January 2011). "Host Utilization and Distribution of Nubenocephalid ... The nutrients are then stored as paraglycogen or fat. The hundreds of foldings of the cell surface give eugregarines a ...
They can go up to a week without eating and survive only off fat stores. The emu has been documented fasting as long as 56 days ... Sexual selection also influences the maintenance of large body size, which discourages flight. The large size of ratites leads ... Traces of these events are reflected in ratite distribution throughout semiarid grasslands and deserts today. Gigantism and ... The energy expenditure required for flight increases proportionally with body size, which is often why flightlessness coincides ...
... can be dipped in wax or fat and then lit as a candle, the stem serving as a wick. Without the use of wax or fat it will ... T. domingensis has a more southern American distribution, and it occurs in Australia. T. orientalis is widespread in Asia, ... Floating mats of cattails remove nutrients from eutrophied bodies of freshwater. For local native tribes around Lake Titicaca ...
According to Dickson, "Lewy bodies are generally limited in distribution, but in DLB, the Lewy bodies are spread widely ... Dietary changes include avoiding meals high in fat and sugary foods, eating smaller and more frequent meals, after-meal walks, ... Lewy body dementia (the umbrella term that encompasses the clinical diagnoses of dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's ... January 2022). "Lewy body disease or diseases with Lewy bodies?". NPJ Parkinson's Disease (Review). 8 (1): 3. doi:10.1038/ ...
... that compartmentalize the body. Furrows are generally externally visible on the body demarking the segments; dorsal pores and ... As the digestive cells become full, they release non-living cells of fat into the fluid-filled coelom, where they float freely ... The families, with their known distributions or origins: Acanthodrilidae Ailoscolecidae - the Pyrenees and the southeast USA ... hatchlings can push 500 times their own body weight whereas large adults can push only 10 times their own body weight. ...
Both species H. magnivora and H. tvaerminnensis infect the fat body, the hypodermis and the ovaries of the crustacean. ... Genetic differences in host susceptibility have been suggested to contribute to the geographic distribution of H. ... In advanced stages of the infection spores are found in the whole body cavity of host animals, which leads to a clearly visible ... the two Hamiltosporidium species seem to have a limited geographic distribution. ...
These droplets may take up over half of the volume of their bodies in polar species. Many copepods (e.g., fish lice like the ... Many planktonic copepods feed near the surface at night, then sink (by changing oils into more dense fats) into deeper water ... Copepod fact sheet - Guide to the marine zooplankton of south eastern Australia Diversity and geographical distribution of ... They generally have to clear the equivalent to about a million times their own body volume of water every day to cover their ...
They are warm-blooded, and have a layer of fat, or blubber, under the skin. With streamlined fusiform bodies and two limbs that ... These vary from size, to coloration, to distribution, but they all share a similar hunting style. They use a suction technique ... This milk contains high amounts of fat which is meant to hasten the development of blubber; it contains so much fat that it has ... The brain to body mass ratio in some odontocetes, such as belugas and narwhals, is second only to humans. Small whales are ...
At this time, ants have high body fat, and the echidna targets their mounds. The animal also hunts beetles and earthworms, ... Little is known about their distribution in New Guinea. They have been found in southern New Guinea between Merauke in the west ... During hibernation, the body temperature drops to as low as 4 °C (39 °F). The heart rate falls to four to seven beats per ... The nostrils and the mouth are at the distal end of the snout; the mouth cannot open wider than 5 mm (0.2 in). The body of the ...
Yon Von Lai Fat Fur. For services to commerce and industry. Civil Division Marie Corneille Louis Gustave Paten. For services to ... Frederick Potts, Group Distribution Director, William Timpson Ltd. Elvira Jean Powell, Personal Secretary to Chief Constable, ... Richard Bernard Frank Stewart Body, MP. For political service. The Right Honourable Adam Courtauld Butler, MP. For political ... Ronald Arthur George Noble, lately Head, Valve Test Laboratory, GEC Transmission and Distribution Projects Ltd. Herbert Harvey ...
Gomez, Shirley (July 18, 2017). "Richest Reggaeton Artists: 15 Urban Music Singers with Fat Bank Accounts and Fit Bodies". ... which was quickly picked up by Sony Discos for distribution in 1997. She later released The Original Rude Girl, her second ... The urban releases features Farruko, J Alvarez, Jowell & Randy and J King & Maximan, the hip hop release features Vico C, Fat ... The album included collaborations with artists including Fat Joe, La India, Héctor Delgado, and Getto & Gastam. American hip- ...
Little if any evidence associates trans fat, saturated fat, and carbohydrate intake and prostate cancer. Evidence does not ... Cancerous cells may spread to other areas of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. It may initially cause no ... Having larger, more dense tumours with changes in blood vessel distributions may feasibly alter signal on MRI through ... Prostate cancer is considered a malignant tumor because it can invade other areas of the body. This invasion is called ...
It has been used in the preparation of otherwise high-fat foods thereby lowering or eliminating their fat content. The Food and ... April 2014). "Reduction of the body burden of PCBs and DDE by dietary intervention in a randomized trial". The Journal of ... and olestra on tissue distribution of hexachlorobenzene". American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology ... Swithers SE, Ogden SB, Davidson TL (August 2011). "Fat substitutes promote weight gain in rats consuming high-fat diets". ...
Prior to his deportation, Zúñiga Hernández was found guilty on 14 February 1990 for marijuana distribution. He currently faces ... Jackson, Allison (4 September 2012). "Mexico: Gulf Cartel leader Mario Cardenas Guillen, or 'The Fat One,' arrested". ... the struggle between the Metros and the Rojos intensified when the Mexican authorities found the body of César Dávila García ...
Fat - Fatty acid - fc immunoglobulin - fc receptor - feedback inhibition - fermentation - fetal protein - fibroblast growth ... Malpighi body - Malpighi layer - marine biology - maslinic acid - mass spectrometer - maturation-promoting factor - ... Boltzmann distribution - Boltzmann principle - bombesin - bombesin receptor - bone morphogenetic protein - bradykinin - ...
When heat-stressed, moose may fail to adequately forage in summer and may not gain adequate body fat to survive the winter. ... Among other things, the moose was proposed to be used in postal distribution, and there was a suggestion to develop a moose- ... and the fat that is present consists of a higher proportion of polyunsaturated fats than saturated fats. Dr. Valerius Geist, ... The head-and-body length is 2.4-3.1 m (7 ft 10 in - 10 ft 2 in), with the vestigial tail adding only a further 5-12 cm (2-4+1⁄2 ...
By the first few weeks of life, lanugo hair should be replaced by velds hair on the body and terminal hair on the scalp." ... For instance, leprechaunism has the possibility to be present with hypertrichosis in those born with less fat, though a proper ... These classifications can be distinguished from one another based on "type of hair, age of onset, distribution of hair, and ... The FDA only approved elfornithine cream for use on the face and other adjacent areas under the chin, and not the entire body. ...
For example, saturated fats, sodium and added sugars (Harris, LoDolce & Schwartz, 2015). Wording such as "less sugar", "fat ... distribution, and selling locally based. In the unification phase, distribution was made possible by railroads, coordination of ... The Link Between Exposure to TV Food Advertising and Children's Body Weight". Annals of Spiru Haret University, Journalism ... This new distribution system was led by meat processors such as Armour and Swift in midwestern cities and by companies such as ...
Household Income Distribution 2016, p. 5 Yau & Zhou 2017. Household Income Distribution 2016, p. 80 Jiang et al. 2003. "Hong ... Jackie Chan, Donnie Yen, Jet Li, Chow Yun-fat, and Michelle Yeoh frequently play action-oriented roles in foreign films. At the ... 18-19 MUIR, PAUL (17 February 2021). "Crypto body warns new HK law will backfire". Tsang, Donald (18 September 2006). "Big ... Household Income Distribution 2016, p. 1 Household Income Distribution 2016, p. 86 Desjardins 2018. ...
This new body was named CARE International and met for the first time on January 29, 1982, with CARE Canada, CARE Germany, CARE ... These packages contained staples such as canned meats, powdered milk, dried fruits, and fats along with a few comfort items ... With a broadened geographic focus came a broadened approach as CARE began to expand beyond its original food distribution ... CARE Canada (initially Care of Canada) became an autonomous body in 1973. In 1976 CARE Europe was established in Bonn following ...
... varies. Some people may be apple-shaped and carry most of their excess body fat ... Other people may be pear-shaped and carry most of their excess body fat around the hips, buttocks, and thighs. ...
... ... Identification of rare loss of function genetic variation regulating body fat distribution. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology ... Conclusion: This study robustly implicates these genes in the regulation of fat distribution, providing new and in some cases ... Objective, Design and Setting: To identify genes/proteins involved in determining fat distribution, we combined the power of ...
RSPO3 functions via LGR4 to regulate human body fat distribution by eliciting diverse biological responses in abdominal and ... RSPO3 functions via LGR4 to regulate human body fat distribution by eliciting diverse biological responses in abdominal and ...
Insulin Resistance and Body Fat Distribution: Contribution of visceral fat accumulation to the development of insulin ... Insulin Resistance and Body Fat Distribution: Contribution of visceral fat accumulation to the development of insulin ...
Body fat distribution is distinct from overall obesity in measurement, but studies of body fat distribution can yield insights ... as assessed by body mass index or total fat percentage). Notably, the genetic loci associated with body fat distribution, which ... for various measures of body fat distribution (including waist-to-hip ratio, hip or waist circumference, trunk fat percentage ... Sexual dimorphism in body fat distribution is present throughout life. Though sexual dimorphism is subtle in early stages of ...
Unhealthy body fat distribution. To better understand the health risks that overweight and obesity may pose to a specific ... Body mass index. Your BMI is a measure of body fat based on your weight and height. It is important to know that body mass ... Talk to your healthcare provider about your BMI results and body fat distribution and what steps you may need to take to reach ... We do not know what causes the body to create and store visceral fat. But we do know that this type of fat interferes with your ...
Body Weight and Fat Distribution *Initiation of cigarette smoking does not appear to be associated with weight loss, but ... Women smokers have a more masculine pattern of body fat distribution (i.e., a higher waist-to-hip ratio) than do women who have ... The present report reviews the now massive body of evidence on women and smoking---evidence that taken together compels the ...
... obesity is closely related to age and waist circumference may be the best indicator of body fatness or body fat distribution in ... to find anthropometric indicators of body fat distribution that are strongly associated with serum lipids. 347 adult male ... This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of body fatness indicators and serum lipids (total cholesterol, high ... Therefore, it is recommended that circumference of waist and subcutaneous fat thickness of subscapular area should be measured ...
Abnormalities of body fat distribution. This is a recognized complication of ARVs. Lipohypertrophy has variably been associated ... Once body shape changes occur, they cannot be reliably reversed, and switching to an NRTI-sparing regimen can slowly improve ... limb fat in patients with lipoatrophy, but does not help patients with lipohypertrophy. ...
The connection between body fat distribution and health risk. 04th June 2009 ... The research also linked the stress of excess body fat to major physical conditions ... Read ,. Author: Robert Palmer ... Medical studies have shown that weight management through the reduction of excess body fat plays a fundamental role in ... As health experts say, anxiety is a typical response of persons body that signals possible dangers ahead. However, when anxi ...
We employed a whole body magnetic resonance imaging protocol to examine the influence of age, gender, body weight, and height ... 21.0 kg) and relative to body mass (38.4 vs. 30.6%). The gender differences were greater in the upper (40%) than lower (33%) ... These findings indicate that men have more SM than women and that these gender differences are greater in the upper body. ... This decrease was primarily attributed to a decrease in lower body SM. Weight and height explained approximately 50% of the ...
It is linked with insulin resistance through preferential abdominal fat accumulation that is worsened by obesity. Over th … ... Keywords: Adipocyte; Adipose stem cells; Body fat distribution; Developmental programming; Hyperandrogenism; Insulin resistance ... It is linked with insulin resistance through preferential abdominal fat accumulation that is worsened by obesity. Over the past ... occurs in combination with reduced insulin sensitivity and preferential accumulation of highly-lipolytic intra-abdominal fat in ...
Body Fat Distribution - Apples versus Pears. Just as the degree of obesity is important in determining health risk, so is the ... Recommended Levels of Body Fat. An individuals body fat is expressed as a percentage of body weight that is made up of fat. ... An individuals body weight or body composition reflects the level of lean body mass (tissue, bone and muscle) and body fat. ... reducing body fat storage, enhancing fat breakdown, boosting metabolism and neutralizing starches. Monitoring body fat levels ...
Even fat distribution.[/QUOTE]. Thanks for your estimation. I would prefer 20%bf lol, but I guess 22% is more real. I have a ... hhh good work on the training and fat loss. IKWYM it can be hard to get a good feel for body fat as its coming off and you are ... Im currently 6 weeks into a cut and I was wondering if I could get a second opinion on what body fat % I am. My goal is to get ... 2010/body-fat-percentage-men_zps3f03851c.jpg[/img]. [img] ...
... abnormal body fat distribution, numbness and tingling, hypersensitivity reactions (fever, rash, shortness of breath, cough, or ...
Body Fat Distribution and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Men and Women in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer ... Body Fat Distribution and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Men and Women in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer ...
The intracellular distribution of enzymes of carbohydrate degradation in the fat body of the adult male cockroach.. The ... intracellular distribution of enzymes of carbohydrate degradation in the fat body of the adult male cockroach. ...
Common genetic variants highlight the role of insulin resistance and body fat distribution in type 2 diabetes, independent of ... incident T2D even among individuals of normal weight highlights the role of insulin resistance and ectopic fat distribution in ... and gluteofemoral fat mass (-0.03 [-0.05, -0.02; P = 1.4 × 10(-6)) and with higher alanine transaminase (0.02 [0.01, 0.03]; P ...
Interannual changes in body fat condition, stomach content mass and distribution of minke whales in Antarctic Areas IV and V ... Interannual changes in body fat condition, stomach content mass and distribution of minke whales in Antarctic Areas IV and V ... two were categorized as years of poor body fat condition, and three as years of good condition. Estimated body weight gain ... As an indicator of body fat condition, interannual variability in girth of minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) was ...
Body mass and fat distribution. In a large study that involved more than 7 million people including about 94 000 with ... Red meat, fat and carbohydrates. In the past, it was believed that there was an association between red and processed meat and ... Insulin increases growth factors in the body that may promote the formation of cancer. ... colorectal cancer, it was found that a body mass index (BMI, weight in kg divided by the square of height in meters) plays a ...
Distribution of body fat. *Menopause In men, a small amount of estradiol is mainly released by the testes. Estradiol helps ... Estradiol is also produced in other body tissues, such as skin, fat, cells bone, brain, and liver. Estradiol plays a role in: * ... Veins and arteries vary in size from one person to another and from one side of the body to the other. Taking blood from some ... Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited without authorization. For ...
Testosterone can affect the distribution of fat in your body. Do you know testosterone is directly linked to a healthy ... The hormone controls several body functions, including muscle growth, libido, and fat distribution. These levels reduce with ... Furthermore, it strengthens your bones and reduces your body fat, helping you look leaner! What isnt there to like about an ... When your metabolism is fast, your body uses fat as fuel. Hence, the supplement works great for weight loss. ...
Gynoid distribution. Refers to the body fat that is preferentially placed around the hip. ... The gut microbiota as an environmental factor that regulates fat storage. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 101, 15718-15723 (2004). ... Effects of exercise on high-fat diet-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and lipid metabolism in ApoE knockout mice *Wen- ... Canfora, E. E., Jocken, J. W. & Blaak, E. E. Short-chain fatty acids in control of body weight and insulin sensitivity. Nat. ...
Bachhel R, Dureja S, Gupta M, Arora M, Bhandari V. Correlation of body fat distribution and lipid profile in males of the ... Correlation of body fat distribution and lipid profile in males of the Northwest region of Punjab. ...
BMI z-scores were compared to DEXA measures of whole body composition and regional fat distribution. Fat mass index [‎FMI]‎ was ... The use of body mass index for measurement of fat mass in children is highly dependant on abdominal fat. ... We examined the relationship between body fat and body mass index [‎BMI]‎ in a multiethnic population of obese children. ... The use of body mass index for measurement of fat mass in children is highly dependant on abdominal fat. EMHJ - Eastern ...
The sequence contains genes related to body fat distribution, important for surviving the cold. ... Researchers have thought for some time that genes inherited from Neanderthals, related to skin color and body hair, helped ...
Precedence of Bone Loss Accompanied with Changes in Body Composition and Body Fat Distribution in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes ... Precedence of Bone Loss Accompanied with Changes in Body Composition and Body Fat Distribu ... Some confounding factors were adjusted, such as BMI, fat mass index (FMI), muscle mass index (MMI), muscle/fat mass ratio (M/F ... trunk fat mass index (TFMI), appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI), and appendicular skeletal muscle mass/trunk fat ...
What Personal Trainers Must Know About Spot Reduction and Body Fat Distribution. August 25, 2010 by NCSF 0 comments ... As a result, the reduction of body fat is one of the most common goals of clients who begin a structured exercise program with ... Subjects in the study presented with a mean age of 45 years, mean body mass index (BMI) of 36, and a mean weight of 103 kg (227 ... Comparable Weight Loss Seen with Low-Carb, Non-Restricted and Low-Fat, Calorie-Restricted Diets. October 05, 2010 by NCSF 0 ...
... and alterations in body musculature and fat distribution. Testosterone and DHT are necessary for the normal development of ... Inappropriate changes in genital size or development of pubic hair or libido in children, or changes in body hair distribution ... Distribution Circulating testosterone is primarily bound in the serum to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and albumin. ... 2.To lower the risk of transfer of testosterone gel 1.62% from your body to others, follow these important instructions: ...
2005). The effect of hormone replacement therapy on body composition, body fat distribution, and insulin sensitivity in ... 2000). Obesity, body fat distribution, and coronary artery disease. Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation 20 (2), (Article ... Tousignant B , Faraj M , Conus F , Garrel D , Brochu M , Rabasa-Lhoret R , Coderre L. (2008). Body fat distribution modulates ... Brochu M, Després JP, Nadeau A, Prudhomme D. (2010). Relationship between exercise blood pressure and body fat distribution in ...
  • Gender differences in regional body composition and somatotrophic influences of IGF-I and leptin. (
  • The main phenotypic gender differences in body composition are that men have more of their muscle mass in their arms and women have more than half of their fatmass in their legs and gender differences exist in the relationship between somatotrophic hormones and lean soft tissue mass. (
  • An individual's body weight or body composition reflects the level of lean body mass (tissue, bone and muscle) and body fat. (
  • It takes time to lay down muscle, it takes time to change your body composition. (
  • BMI z-scores were compared to DEXA measures of whole body composition and regional fat distribution. (
  • Precedence of Bone Loss Accompanied with Changes in Body Composition and Body Fat Distribution in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. (
  • We calculated the difference between the endpoint and the baseline of each body composition index and the annual rate. (
  • 2) Les facteurs qui expliquent les variations de la composition corporelle et la distribution du tissu adipeux entre les individus, 3) Les effets de différentes modalités d'intervention (exercice et/ou alimentation) sur la composition corporelle et le profil de santé. (
  • 2021). Acute and chronic effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training compared to moderate-intensity continuous training on glycemic control and body composition in older women with type 2 diabetes. (
  • Waist circumference and body mass index (BMI) are indirect ways to assess your body composition. (
  • It may be related to body composition factors. (
  • Certainly, treatment availability factors, treatment concordance factors, as well as body composition and hormonal factors may be acting here. (
  • The reason that the percentage of body fat you have is important is that it is a good indication of your overall body composition. (
  • Whilst body mass index bmi has been the standard measure of how healthy your weight is, this height to weight ratio does have limitations and body composition is one of them. (
  • measurements, whose normal ranges are based on a very large number of people, the percent body fat indicates body composition (and therefore health risks) of each individual . (
  • When applied to Hispanic body composition, BMI is influenced by their short stature, short-leg length, long torso, large waist-to-hip ratios, and the location and distribution of upper body and lower body fat layers. (
  • The purpose of this research was to provide a body composition calculation specific for Hispanic workers that includes Mexican, Cuban and Puerto Rican Americans. (
  • Lastly a table describing body composition measurements, their application in the workplace, and their outcome value for workplace wellness programs is presented. (
  • However, of populations in body size and composition ( 14 ). (
  • We will create a personalized fitness program for you based on your personal exercise ability and body composition. (
  • We offer the DEXA scan which gives us your full body composition measurement, providing precise information on the mass and distribution of fat, lean muscle, and bone. (
  • In South Africa, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is high (61% in urban women and 48% in rural women), and body composition (percentage of lean tissue vs fat) may have different distributions in black and white women and thus have different associations with breast cancer risk. (
  • Knowing your body composition helps you improve your health and change your life for the better. (
  • At NutriD, registered dietitian Diana Rafailova uses the state-of-the-art InBody 570 machine to measure your body composition. (
  • Contact the office or use the online booking agent to schedule your body composition testing today. (
  • What is body composition? (
  • It's important to understand the makeup of that weight through your body composition. (
  • Using the InBody 570 is a noninvasive way to measure your body composition. (
  • How does body composition information help with dietary recommendations? (
  • It informs the composition of macronutrients -- specifically carbohydrates, proteins, and fat -- you should aim to consume daily. (
  • Withings users with a weight loss goal manage to lose a significant amount of fat mass in less than 3 months following the installation of their body composition scale. (
  • Body fat distribution is distinct from overall obesity in measurement, but studies of body fat distribution can yield insights into the risk factors for and causes of overall obesity. (
  • Importantly, sexual dimorphism is not observed for overall obesity (as assessed by body mass index or total fat percentage). (
  • Research that specifically focuses on sexual dimorphism in fat distribution can provide novel insights into human physiology and into the development of obesity and its comorbidities, as well as yield biological clues that will aid in the improvement of disease prevention and treatment. (
  • Your healthcare provider may diagnose overweight and obesity based on your medical history and high body mass index (BMI). (
  • To better understand the health risks that overweight and obesity may pose to a specific person providers can measure the person's distribution of body fat. (
  • These results suggest that central obesity is closely related to age and waist circumference may be the best indicator of body fatness or body fat distribution in men. (
  • Therefore, it is recommended that circumference of waist and subcutaneous fat thickness of subscapular area should be measured to estimate the degree of central obesity for preventing cardiovascular disease in men. (
  • It is linked with insulin resistance through preferential abdominal fat accumulation that is worsened by obesity. (
  • Obesity is defined as having excess body fat in relation to lean body mass. (
  • Common genetic variants highlight the role of insulin resistance and body fat distribution in type 2 diabetes, independent of obesity. (
  • While insulin resistance is often considered secondary to obesity, the association of the insulin resistance score with lower BMI and adiposity and with incident T2D even among individuals of normal weight highlights the role of insulin resistance and ectopic fat distribution in T2D, independently of body size. (
  • Obesity means having an unhealthy amount of body fat. (
  • To know if your weight is in the obesity range, your doctor looks at your body mass index (BMI) and waist size. (
  • Few people with high dietary fat intake, obesity or physical inactivity perceived their behaviour as harmful. (
  • BMI measurements and body fat percentage measurements both have a role to play in developing healthy ranges for assessment of future health risks or obesity-related diseases . (
  • A Hologic DXA full-body scanner provides images displaying the distribution of fat, lean tissue, and bone, a critical tool in assessing obesity and osteoporosis. (
  • to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and the body fat topography in children and adolescents from both sexes aged 6 to 19 years old with Down syndrome, residents in the city of Campinas, São Paulo. (
  • the assessment of the prevalence of obesity and subcutaneous fat topography are important resources to support researchers, and practitioners who work directly on improving the quality of life of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. (
  • Except for a few medical conditions, overweight and obesity are preventable and result from poor eating habits, unhealthy body fat distribution and lack of physical activity. (
  • This study evaluated waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and neck circumference (NC) as reliable alternatives to body mass index for screening for overweight and obesity, and determined their optimum cut-off values in different ethnic groups. (
  • Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to evaluate WC, WHpR, WHtR and NC as screening indices for overweight and obesity as categorized by body mass index centiles. (
  • Fat distribution and type of obesity are the and muscle deposition can be overcome using WC and main predictors of metabolic disorders ( 3 ). (
  • rious health risks of obesity in all age groups, no exact in- Anthropometric indices are affected by demographic dex to determine body fat percentage is available ( 4 ). (
  • Obesity is usually measured using body mass index (BMI). (
  • Although several classifications and definitions for degrees of obesity are accepted, the most widely accepted classifications are those from the World Health Organization (WHO), based on body mass index (BMI). (
  • We also know that people with obesity take longer to stabilize their body, when they trip, for example," she said in a meeting news release. (
  • Obesity and overweight were observed across the BMI (body mass index) recommended by the World Health Organization. (
  • It is well-known for reducing unwanted body fat and decreasing the risk of obesity. (
  • What is known about the effectiveness of economic instruments to reduce consumption of foods high in saturated fats and other energy-dense foods for preventing and treating obesity? (
  • Serum lipids were tested with 5 ml fasting blood and height, weight, circumferences of waist, hip and mid-thigh, five subcutaneous fat thickeness(biceps, triceps, supscapular, suprailiac, thigh) were mea sured using Ultrasound type A TATT. (
  • Waist circumference, waist/hip circumference ratio and subcutaneous fat thickness of suprailiac area are significantly increased with increasing age, but thigh circumference is significantly decreased (P (
  • In younger age group(below 40 year old), the result of canonical correlations analysis suggests that circumferences(0.501) was slightly closely related to serum lipids than subcutaneous fat thickness(0.493), however, in older age group (above 40 year old), subcutaneous fat thickness(0.528) were more strongly associated with serum lipids than circumferences(0.419). (
  • The left image shows segmented tight muscles and the right image shows belly fat where inner fat is red and subcutaneous fat is blue. (
  • However, we also found that they had lower ratio between inner fat and total belly fat indicating a relative increase of subcutaneous fat. (
  • This relationship between inner and subcutaneous fat has been associated with a lower risk for metabolic disease. (
  • Women on the other hand tend to store fat mostly in the leg and hip region, which is known as subcutaneous fat. (
  • Visceral fat is more harmful to health and is metabolically active than subcutaneous fat. (
  • This fat forms the subcutaneous fat (or the fat under the skin) that you can physically pinch and also visceral fat (or abdominal fat) that is deep in the abdomen surrounding the organs for protection. (
  • CoolSculpting ® by Allergan uses revolutionary cooling technology to reduce subcutaneous fat. (
  • Context: Biological and translational insights from large-scale, array-based genetic studies of fat distribution, a key determinant of metabolic health, have been limited by the difficulty in linking predominantly non-coding variants to specific gene targets. (
  • Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes. (
  • Paquin J., Tremblay D., , Dionne I.J.Increased odds of having the metabolic syndrome with greater fat-free mass:counterintuitive results from the National Health and Nutrition ExaminationSurvey database. (
  • The rate at which your body uses energy (calories) when at rest, called your basal metabolic rate . (
  • For example, ectopic fat depots, such as visceral adipose tissue (VAT), intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT), and intramyocellular lipids (IMCL) are risk factors for insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and the metabolic syndrome. (
  • Therefore, the limitations of BMI in metabolic syndrome, muscle-skeletal disorders, asthma detecting fat distribution and differentiating between fat and apnoea ( 2 ). (
  • The InBody scan gives an accurate look at body fat, lean muscle mass, basal metabolic weight, water retention, and muscle mass in your arms, legs, and trunk. (
  • It functions to boost metabolic rate and also control tension and swelling inside the body. (
  • LIGHT influences muscular movements, enzyme reactions, food digestion, fat burning and all other metabolic processes. (
  • It works to enhance metabolic process and control stress and anxiety and also inflammation inside the body. (
  • The body seeks to meet its increased metabolic needs resulting from keeping longer hours doing waking activities by gearing down in order to burn less fewer calories. (
  • Ikaria Lean Belly Juice is a nutritional mix made with premium natural herbs as well as probiotics, using a full metabolic makeover to the body. (
  • The components inside this item work on ceramides and clear the body from the excess, providing the metabolic rate to get fully practical and shed the fat gotten from the food. (
  • Leatherbacks rely on a unique suite of adaptations including large body size, changes in activity and metabolic rate, peripheral insulation (i.e. fat), and adjustments in blood flow to maintain stable core body temperatures in varying water temperatures from temperate to tropical latitudes. (
  • Fatty tissue found inside your abdomen is called visceral or abdominal fat. (
  • We do not know what causes the body to create and store visceral fat. (
  • Moreover, GCE has been shown to reduce visceral fat mass [9] significantly. (
  • Some research suggests that it is because men accumulate more fat in the mid-section (visceral fat), they are more prone to develop this condition. (
  • This may be due to visceral fat - fat that is very metabolically active and stored deep within the abdomen, wrapped around the organs - secreting compounds that adversely affect bone strength," said study author Dr. Anne-Frederique Turcotte, from the endocrinology and nephrology unit at CHU de Quebec Research Centre, in Quebec City. (
  • Moderate impact variants, p=4.57×10-7] and PDE3B [LoF variants, p=1.41×10-6]) is associated with a beneficial impact on WHRadjBMI and increased gluteofemoral fat mass, whereas LoF of PLIN4 [LoF variants, p=5.86×10-7] adversely affects these parameters. (
  • It is important to know that body mass index is a screening tool and does not necessarily diagnose body fatness. (
  • PDF] Skeletal muscle mass and distribution in 468 men and women aged 18-88 yr. (
  • We employed a whole body magnetic resonance imaging protocol to examine the influence of age, gender, body weight, and height on skeletal muscle (SM) mass and distribution in a large and heterogeneous sample of 468 men and women. (
  • It is suggested that PA exerts a significant role in the explanation of TB-SM, the total body skeletal muscle mass determined by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and questionnaire, which was higher in the youngest age group when compared with the oldest in males and females. (
  • This term can be misleading because it does not distinguish between excess body fat and lean muscle mass. (
  • Having a greater proportion of muscle mass would make this individual appear overweight according to standard weight/height charts, yet this person could have low body fat and be in good physical shape. (
  • The body mass index (BMI) is commonly used to determine whether one's weight represents health risk. (
  • As an indicator of body fat condition, interannual variability in girth of minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) was analyzed in relation to sea-ice extent, stomach-content mass and distribution of minke whales in Antarctic Areas IV (70° -130° E) and V (130° E-170°W) from 1989/90 to 1994/95. (
  • We examined the relationship between body fat and body mass index [‎BMI]‎ in a multiethnic population of obese children. (
  • The research participants were divided into the increased body mass index (BMI) group, stable BMI group, and decreased BMI group. (
  • Some confounding factors were adjusted, such as BMI, fat mass index (FMI), muscle mass index (MMI), muscle /fat mass ratio (M/F), trunk fat mass index (TFMI), appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI), and appendicular skeletal muscle mass/trunk fat mass ratio (A/T). (
  • A reasonable muscle /fat ratio is still beneficial to maintaining bone mass. (
  • Simultaneously, increasing the proportion of muscle mass and reducing fat accumulation can also prevent FNBMD loss. (
  • Check your Body Mass Index using the NHLBI BMI Calculator for adults . (
  • What is the body mass index (BMI)? (
  • Overweight is defined as a body mass index of 25.0 to less than 30.0 kg/m². (
  • Some well-trained people with dense muscle mass may have a high BMI score but very little body fat. (
  • Find your height in feet and inches in the first column of the Body Mass Index Risk Levels table. (
  • Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) showed significant correlation with total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. (
  • [1] They are the most abundant proteins in the body, comprising 30 percent of the total protein mass. (
  • The distribution of fat and the amount of muscle mass have greater impact on cardiometabolic health and bone than BMI. (
  • After adjusting for age, sex, family history of diabetes, physical activity and blood pressure, body mass index [‎BMI]‎ was positively associated with increased risk of diabetes mellitus. (
  • Multiple regression analysis showed that blood pressure depended on age, body mass index and income per capita simultaneously. (
  • So, even if men and women have the same body mass index (BMI), men are more likely to get diabetes as compared to women. (
  • We also looked at body mass index, smoking, and the way that social disadvantage impacts mortality in this group of people. (
  • Body fat percentage (BFP) is simply the amount of fat , or the fat mass, of your body divided by your overall total body weight (or mass). (
  • This does not necessarily mean that once the percentage of body fat has been deducted from the equation, that everything else that is left is muscle mass . (
  • After the fat percentage of the body has been calculated everything left over is known as ' lean body mass ' or lean mass. (
  • Body Mass Index versus Body Fat Percentage, in a fight, who would win Doc? (
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) or Body fat Percentage? (
  • This study was conducted to determine effects of regular Gum Arabic (GA) ingestion on body mass index and body fat percentage among healthy adult females. (
  • The Body Mass Index (BMI) is used as an indicator of adiposity because it is simple, requires no technical equipment or special training, and is generally not affected by observer bias. (
  • BMI is not universally successful in gauging an individual's fat-mass because it is influenced by body proportion (relative leg length or trunk length) and can over-estimate body weight by as much as 5 percent in short-legged individuals, and under-estimate weight in those with taller stature. (
  • Thus, body mass index (BMI) is the most appropriate method the cut-off points of these indices differ in various for screening of weight status in all age groups ( 5 ). (
  • Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and waist circumference are commonly used measures for estimating abdominal adiposity (6,7). (
  • In women, greater body mass index ( BMI - an estimate of body fat based on weight and height) was associated with a greater risk of leg fractures. (
  • Testosterone is the key male sex hormone that regulates fertility, bone mass, muscle mass, fat distribution, muscle strength & size and red blood cell production. (
  • This epidemic disorder is mainly diagnosed with the help of BMI (body mass index), but other measurements such as the assessment of the fat distribution and screening tests are also utilized (Evans & Must, 2014). (
  • It tells you the percentage of fat, fat-free mass, minerals, and water that exists in your body. (
  • What is fat-free mass? (
  • Fat-free mass includes your lean tissue, but also your organs and body water. (
  • Any tissue that is not fat can be put into the category of fat-free mass. (
  • Fat-free mass, particularly muscle, is denser than fat, so the more muscular you are, the leaner and slimmer you appear, regardless of your actual weight. (
  • Fat-free mass also tends to be more metabolically active than fat, so it's easier to maintain your weight when you have a higher percentage of lean tissue. (
  • Fat mass is inflammatory, prompting negative responses from your endocrine and immune systems. (
  • An imbalance between intracellular and extracellular water can indicate inflammation, kidney problems, or unhealthy fat mass levels. (
  • The following are considered to be the most likely individual risk factors: age, gender, body mass index, muscular imbalance, muscle strength, socioeconomic conditions and the presence of other pathologies. (
  • In medical trials, this consuming pattern improved blood lipids, decreased fat mass and decreased blood strain. (
  • Mass Gainer consists of a mean of seventy five-85% carbohydrates, 15-20% proteins and 4-5 % fats sometimes taken to spice up muscle acquire, nonetheless, content can fluctuate from model to model. (
  • Cross-sectional studies have shown that patients with primary hip osteoarthritis (OA) have higher bone mineral density (BMD), higher BMI, lower lean body mass, and higher fat content. (
  • We measured total body BMD (g/cm 2 ), fat and lean mass (%) by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and also registered height and weight to calculate BMI (kg/m 2 ). (
  • proportion of fat mass 0.4 (0.0, 1.8). (
  • proportion of fat mass 0.9 (0.7, 1.1). (
  • A phenotype with higher BMD, higher BMI, higher fat mass, and proportionally lower lean body mass is evident in individuals with primary OA in all three knee compartments and in patients with only medial knee OA. (
  • Before he began the diet Haub's body-mass index was approaching obese. (
  • In the European Region, the growing prevalence of overweight - a body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 - ranges from about 25% to 75% of the adult population. (
  • But we do know that this type of fat interferes with your body's endocrine and immune systems. (
  • At PERK Plastic Surgery, Dr. Lee first meticulously analyzes your body's fat distribution and creates a blueprint to artfully repurpose your fat from undesired areas to define, contour and augment your breasts. (
  • Beef fat in the diet improves your body's immune system. (
  • Knowing your water levels is important for understanding your body's fluid distribution. (
  • The adrenals are the major steroid factories of the body producing or contributing to the production of about 150 vital hormones essential to your body's health and energy production. (
  • The component is used to boost your body's metabolism, which aids in fat loss. (
  • Research indicates that eating before going to bed can impact sleep quality, causing disruptions of normal sleep cycles and interfere with natural processes involved in maintenance of body weight.For example, insulin (hormone that conveys blood sugar to cells for use as fuel) functions with the body's circadian clock (which lets your body know it's time to sleep and fast (not eat). (
  • This type of fat is found in most parts of the body such as nerve sheaths, walls of organs, bone marrow and muscles and is essential to normal functioning. (
  • In teenage girls, fat assumes a larger percentage of body weight, while teenage boys experience greater muscle and bone increases. (
  • Objective, Design and Setting: To identify genes/proteins involved in determining fat distribution, we combined the power of genome-wide analysis of array-based rare, non-synonymous variants in 450,562 individuals of UK Biobank with exome-sequence-based rare loss of function gene burden testing in 184,246 individuals. (
  • These collagens differ in their interactions with other proteins, cellular components, and location within the body. (
  • Mitochondria are the only sub cellular bodies that break down carbohydrates, fats and proteins to produce energy for exercise. (
  • Recent findings in normal-weight hyperandrogenic PCOS women show that exaggerated lipid accumulation by subcutaneous (SC) abdominal stem cells during development to adipocytes in vitro occurs in combination with reduced insulin sensitivity and preferential accumulation of highly-lipolytic intra-abdominal fat in vivo. (
  • El exceso de GRASA ABDOMINAL incrementa los riesgos para la salud más que el exceso de grasa en la zona de las caderas o los muslos, por lo que a menudo se utiliza el ÍNDICE CINTURA-CADERA para determinar los riesgos para la salud. (
  • Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks. (
  • In women, a greater waist circumference (indicating more abdominal fat) was associated with an increased risk of a fracture. (
  • This is particularly pronounced when weight is concentrated at the front of the body, suggesting that individuals with distribution of body fat in the abdominal area may be at higher risk of falling. (
  • The more carbohydrates we consume inside our bodies, the more likely they are to be burned rather than fats. (
  • When a person is in ketosis, the body is unable to produce enough carbohydrates for energy and instead turns to stored fats. (
  • Because fats are a more efficient source of energy than carbohydrates, the process of burning them can help you lose weight and feel more energetic. (
  • Eating carbohydrates will make you fat. (
  • Findings from recent large genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for various measures of body fat distribution (including waist-to-hip ratio, hip or waist circumference, trunk fat percentage and the ratio of android and gynoid fat percentage) emphasize the strong sexual dimorphism in the genetic regulation of fat distribution traits. (
  • You may have a normal BMI but if you have a large waist circumference, you may have more fat in your abdomen than elsewhere. (
  • For them, the waist circumference, the skinfold thickness or more direct methods of measuring body fat may be more useful measures than BMI. (
  • BMI calculation, waist circumference, and waist/hip ratio are the common measures of the degree of body fat used in routine clinical practice. (
  • Your BMI is a measure of body fat based on your weight and height. (
  • Talk to your healthcare provider about your BMI results and body fat distribution and what steps you may need to take to reach a healthy weight. (
  • Medical studies have shown that 'weight management' through the reduction of excess body fat plays a fundamental role in fighting disease and maintaining superior health. (
  • While the focus is often on total body weight, it is actually excess body fat that represents the real health threat. (
  • Overweight is defined as a body weight above an acceptable weight in relation to height. (
  • Since it is excess fat (not excess weight) that is a health concern, when assessing your overall fitness level it is important to look at the percentage of your body that is composed of fat, rather than just total body weight. (
  • Estimated body weight gain during the feeding season in poor years was 25 % lower than in good years. (
  • They are not tools to determine your ideal body weight. (
  • Losing just 10% of your body weight can make a difference in your health. (
  • This study aimed to examine the effect of the green coffee extract on body weight, serum lipids, and TNF-α level in obese rats. (
  • Animal studies examining the effect of GCE on body weight, showed conflicting results [7, 11, 14]. (
  • The objectives of the current study were to observe the impact of GCE on body weight, serum lipid profile, and serum TNF-α of obese rats by administrating dosing regimen lower than previously published studies. (
  • Nonsmokers who are within 30 percent of their ideal body weight, with highly responsive skin elasticity and no prior history of bleeding conditions, may be good candidates for liposuction procedures like hip dip surgery. (
  • It takes weight and waist, hips, forearm, wrist and gender to give you a percentage body fat measurement so have a tape measure to hand. (
  • In addition to that, a study has shown that GA inhibits intestinal glucose absorption via interaction with membrane abundance of SGLT1 in mice [ 20 ].GA significantly blunted the increase in body weight, fasting plasma glucose and fasting insulin concentrations during high fat diet. (
  • There is no substantial evidence that it increases weight loss beyond that resulting from caloric restriction, that it causes a more attractive or "normal" distribution of fat, or that it decreases the hunger and discomfort associated with calorie restricted diets. (
  • The result is that the traditional BMI index may consistently over-estimate actual body fat weight among Hispanics in both genders. (
  • By studying different populations it is possible to generate different "P" values that better reflect the variations in racial/ethnic body-fat distribution, body-segment length, height, weight, gender, and age groups - including occupational groups. (
  • Exipure is an all-natural dietary blend that sustains healthy and balanced weight-loss by converting white fat right into brown fat. (
  • On the other hand, utilizing diet plan pills and expecting the body to slim down by itself noises simple, plus diet tablets cost less than a weight management surgical procedure, so individuals prefer to utilize them. (
  • One of the most crucial and unique quality of Exipure is that it goes inside the body as well as targets the main root cause of weight gain. (
  • It is a natural fat burner with the primary goal of losing weight by increasing metabolism and suppressing appetite. (
  • Green tea is well known for its ability to help people lose weight and fat. (
  • This is a well-known fat-burning ingredient that is used to lose weight. (
  • Many of these studies utilize heavy weight or plyometric protocols, which would be irresponsible to outline here without first laying the groundwork like we have done with this and the last phase, preparing the body for more demanding loads. (
  • On the other hand, utilizing diet regimen tablets as well as anticipating the body to lose weight on its own audios very easy, plus diet plan pills cost less than a weight reduction surgery, so people like to use them. (
  • The most important as well as distinct high quality of Exipure is that it goes inside the body as well as targets the major reason for weight gain. (
  • A excessive fats and low carb weight-reduction plan plan, the keto weight-reduction plan, is believed to help individuals enter into the fats-burning state known as ketosis. (
  • If you consistently consume more calories than your body uses - even when those calories are from fat - you will likely have trouble with weight loss…and may even gain weight. (
  • Exipure is a natural dietary mix that supports healthy and balanced weight management by converting white fat into brownish fat. (
  • One of the most important and also one-of-a-kind quality of Exipure is that it goes inside the body and targets the primary reason for weight gain. (
  • Exipure is a natural nutritional mix that sustains healthy weight loss by converting white fat right into brown fat. (
  • The Kansas State University professor of nutrition wants people to question the idea that eating fruits, vegetables, low-fat protein and whole grains is the only way to lose weight. (
  • Men typically have more muscle and less body fat than women of the same weight and age, which means the men burn more calories around the clock. (
  • As people age, our muscle (which burns calorie) is likely to decrease, and fat (which does not burn calorie) eventually is at a higher percentage of your total body weight. (
  • Weight gain can only occur due to consuming more calories than the body burns. (
  • Consuming 3,500 calories more than the body burns results in a one-pound weight gain. (
  • When inside the body, it sets off a natural fat shed as well as healthy and balanced weight management, regardless of what is the weight of an individual. (
  • So excessive weight can be regulated by transforming the ceramide degrees inside the body. (
  • In this manner, the body never ever gains weight, regardless of what you consume later. (
  • It occurs when an ankle rolls (or pronates) outward more than it should while walking, resulting in increased weight distribution on the outer edge of the foot. (
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of body fatness indicators and serum lipids (total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low density lipoprotein(LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, myocardial infarction(MI) index) to find anthropometric indicators of body fat distribution that are strongly associated with serum lipids. (
  • Buckle your seat belts, ladies and gentlemen-- we're going on a long ride through the scientific literature on sugar and body fatness. (
  • So far, studies on body fatness and breast cancer risk have been undertaken mainly in Caucasian women, and there are indications that breast cancer may be different in women of African ethnicity. (
  • Therefore, the influences of diet, body fatness, and physical activity on this disease need to be investigated directly in African women in Africa. (
  • Excess body fat can lead to the development of a condition called insulin resistance, where the body no longer responds properly to the insulin that it produces. (
  • Hemostatic alterations linked to body fat distribution, fatty liver and insulin resistance. (
  • When we consume fat as part of our daily diet, it is stored in the body and accumulates. (
  • It could be caused from […] How Much Calories To Low Body Fat Men How Much Calories To Low Body Fat Men Aim to consume between 1,200-1,500 calories per day depending on your body fat percentage. (
  • Metabolism is the biochemical process in which the calories you consume are converted to energy for your body to use for passive functions during sleep and waking hours, including breathing, heart beat to circulate blood, growing new cells, repairing existing cells, and making adjustments of hormone levels. (
  • The conversion of white to brownish fat is enabled making use of all-natural ingredients with proven medicinal benefits. (
  • It functions by changing the normal white fat to brownish fat, also called brown adipose fat. (
  • It works by transforming the regular white fat to brownish fat, likewise called brownish adipose fat. (
  • Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body becomes less responsive to insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels. (
  • Hence, WC was a better anthropometric index of fat location than WHR to estimate lipid profile in overweight and obese adult women. (
  • Bachhel R, Dureja S, Gupta M, Arora M, Bhandari V. Correlation of body fat distribution and lipid profile in males of the Northwest region of Punjab. (
  • Composite body shape phenotypes of multiple anthropometric traits and risk of cancer development (INCa-ShapeCancer). (
  • This online body fat percentage calculator takes your gender, height, neck, waist and hip measurements (in all different units) and gives you your body fat measurement in percentage form. (
  • Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is another index of body fat distribution. (
  • Your body is made up of water, fat, protein, carbohydrate and various vitamins and minerals. (
  • Fat-soluble vitamins that help the immune system are more easily absorbed by the body. (
  • Furthermore, beef fat not only helps in the absorption of nutrients from meals, but it is also high in vitamins A, D, E, K, and B1 and reduces inflammation. (
  • Testosterone therapy is not for everyone, but there are natural remedies such as certain foods, vitamins & herbs that may help your body naturally boost testosterone production. (
  • 1) Absorption of vitamins A, D, E, and K: These vitamins are fat-soluble, which means that the body needs dietary fat to absorb them. (
  • In this rush a z Enjoy a variety of foods variety of freshly prepared food is often replaced by z Be active processed or convenience foods that sometimes pro- z Drink lots of clean, safe water vide excess energy and fats, but insufficient vitamins z Make starchy foods the basis of most meals and minerals. (
  • If you have too much fat - especially if a lot of it is at your waist - you're at higher risk for such health problems as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes . (
  • The body-fat percentage may be a useful tool for predicting an individual's health. (
  • These neurons produce a specific neurotransmitter called orexin, that takes part in the regulation of sleep and wakefulness, and also body metabolism. (
  • It is the 'storage fat' that is used in metabolism and energy expenditure, and as we all know, too much of this can have some serious health implications . (
  • A drug's pharmacokinetics (i.e., attainment and maintenance of the appropriate drug serum concentration) are affected by 4 major factors: absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination ( 3 ). (
  • It functions to boost metabolism and also control stress as well as swelling inside the body. (
  • These components are clinically confirmed for their role in removing the body from waste materials as well as controlling the risk aspects that directly struck metabolism. (
  • However, I have been eating proper and training regularly for the past 3 months, and have undone SOME of the damage by cutting the fat / increasing a biiit of muscle. (
  • Body muscle and fat visualization. (
  • We know that the body shape and the distribution of fat vs muscle is different in women than in men. (
  • A hormone, testosterone is found in the body in a relatively small percentage of people, but it can be very beneficial in boosting muscle growth. (
  • Testosterone is an important hormone in males, and it helps regulate body hair, muscle growth, fat distribution, and more. (
  • Using powerful clinically studied key ingredients, PRIME works with your body to naturally support testosterone levels, while staying within the normal healthy range, to increase strength & build muscle when working out. (
  • A healthy body has a higher percentage of lean, or muscle, tissue and a lower level of fat. (
  • The electrodes send low-level electrical currents through the body that are then used to calculate how much fat and muscle you have. (
  • Fatty tissue is found in different parts of your body. (
  • The human body continuously manufactures collagens to maintain tissue structural integrity. (
  • When the fat is transferred to the breast tissue, the surgeon uses massage to even out the fat distribution. (
  • Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. (
  • This is a fantastic liposuction alternative that enables us to freeze fat in short sessions with no damage to surrounding tissue. (
  • Fat thighs are a problem that affect many people, with both men and women being self-conscious due to excess fatty tissue. (
  • When all of these calories are made use of to produce power, there is little to no chance of fat accumulation. (
  • While with the fat transfer, no such risks are involved. (
  • While talking about breast augmentation with fat transfer, the benefits outweigh the risks considerably. (
  • Not only does it add curves where they are desired, but it also removes the excess fat where it does not look pleasing. (
  • BMI is an indicator of the amount of body fat for most people. (
  • Because the distribution of fat is an important indicator of health and the slim lady may have a higher percentage of fat than than the larger lady, who may be very muscular and big-boned. (
  • The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. (
  • A positive control group (n=5) was fed standard chow (5% fat, 16% protein, crude fiber 8%, ash content 10%, water content 12 %) and cheddar cheese ad libitum (high-fat diet) throughout the experiment. (
  • Stubborn fat deposits are common, and can be hard to shift with exercise and a healthy diet alone. (
  • Stomach fat has a variety of factors that can cause these deposits and worsen them, including your age, your diet, and even your genetics. (
  • Diet regimen pills are popular for many reasons, but people favor using diet regimen pills because they desire an easy fat burning experience. (
  • Diet tablets are preferred for many factors, yet people prefer using diet tablets since they desire an effortless fat burning experience. (
  • The common concept of fat burning entails adhering to a restrictive diet regimen and delighting in arduous exercise. (
  • On the other hand, utilizing diet pills and anticipating the body to slim down by itself sounds easy, plus diet pills set you back less than a fat burning surgical procedure, so individuals prefer to use them. (
  • Glucose is the form of carbohydrate that predominates in the blood, and along with fatty acids, it's one of the two primary fuel sources for the body. (
  • Cryolipolysis is the process of applying controlled cooling to unwanted fatty deposits beneath the skin, providing safe and effective body sculpting and fat reduction. (
  • When you eat more calories than you burn the excess are stored by the body in fat cells, and become the subcutaneous fatty deposits that are a source of contention for so many peop. (
  • The stomach, or abdomen, is one of the places on our bodies that can harbour stubborn fatty deposits. (
  • B][size=4][color=blue]This is the one and only place in this forum to post body fat estimate requests. (
  • Can anyone please give me a bodyfat estimate? (
  • The dimensions makes use of this data, along with the electrical present, to estimate your body fat share. (
  • As health experts say, anxiety is a typical response of person's body that signals possible dangers ahead. (
  • Restaurant and packaged foods typically include much more sugar, unhealthy fat, and energy than food cooked at dwelling-plus the portion sizes tend to be bigger. (
  • Do not apply testosterone gel 1.62% to any other parts of the body including the abdomen, genitals, chest, armpits (axillae), or knees. (
  • Typically, men store fat in the belly (abdomen) while women store more in the hips and thighs. (
  • As women age, more fat is stored in the abdomen. (
  • There are 3 main applicators that we use at PHI in order to target areas like the abdomen, love handles , upper arms ( bingo wings ), thighs, banana rolls, chin, knees, and back fat . (
  • Some people may be apple-shaped and carry most of their excess body fat around the stomach. (
  • Fat may be removed from your buttocks, stomach, or inner thighs. (
  • Conclusion: This study robustly implicates these genes in the regulation of fat distribution, providing new and in some cases somewhat counter-intuitive insight into the potential consequences of targeting these molecules therapeutically. (
  • Because of this, dietary starch is similar to dietary glucose in the way it affects the body after ingestion. (
  • 5) Saturated fat is still a controversial topic, and for that reason, I believe it might be better to get most of your dietary fat from the sources listed in item #4. (
  • Conversely, maintaining a lean, healthy body can help to reduce your risk of developing these diseases. (
  • Excess body fat can also increase one's risk of developing cancer. (
  • Fat grafting and liposuction are considered relatively low-risk and simple procedures. (
  • Where inserting the silicone implants can cause a reaction, using your body fat eliminates the risk of foreign object rejection by the body. (
  • Among the worst are the psychosocial effects of acne, including an increased risk of body dysmorphia, depression, anxiety, and low-T-like symptoms. (
  • You need some body fat for proper function, but too much increases your risk of chronic disease. (
  • 1] The epidermis layer provides a barrier to infection from environmental pathogens[2] and regulates the amount of water released from the body into the atmosphere through transepidermal water loss. (
  • Type two diabetes is an impairment in how the body regulates and uses glucose (sugar) as fuel. (
  • Other than that, it also regulates the sex drive (libido) and fat distribution in males. (
  • This fat can be caused or worsened by a variety of factors, and is regarded as an area of stubborn fat, that can be difficult to lose. (
  • Ikaria Lean Belly Juice complies with an unique strategy to melting stubborn fat, which nothing else nutritional formula deals. (
  • If you do have a body fat caliper there are a few calculators here where you enter your measurements in millimetres with your fat caliper and the fat calculators will give you your body fat percentage. (
  • The Body Cardio from Withings does offer those measurements and I've found them pretty useful as long as you consistently use that same scale for your measurements. (
  • Secondary goals are to increase participants' consumption of whole grains and decrease their sodium and fat consumption. (
  • This procedure shows ideal results while using one's own body fat. (
  • The present report reviews the now massive body of evidence on women and smoking---evidence that taken together compels the Nation to make reducing and preventing smoking one of the highest contemporary priorities for women's health. (
  • According to the American Council on Exercise (ACE) the percentage of essential fat should be around 8 - 12 % for women and 3 - 5 % for men (but these figures do vary according to the source). (
  • It is affected by the location and degree of fat deposits in women. (
  • For women looking for only moderate breast enhancements, breast augmentation with fat transfer or fat grafting is considered the best option. (
  • For women with very mild breast deflation and good skin tone, we can achieve long-term improvements in breast volume and contour through fat grafting. (
  • Thus it is important to understand the role that body fat plays in health and disease and how to achieve a healthy level of body fat. (
  • Carrying excess body fat is linked to some of our greatest health threats, namely heart disease, cancer and diabetes. (
  • The health advantages associated with beef fat consumption described above are expected to increase market growth throughout the forecast period. (
  • It has exceptional fat-burning and health-improving properties. (
  • This evidence synthesis describes health literacy policies in the WHO European Region: their distribution, organizational levels, antecedents, actors, activities and outcomes, along with the factors influencing their effectiv. (
  • Purpose: We compared the median ages at diagnosis for the four most common cancer types (lung, colon, female breast, and prostate cancers) across different countries worldwide after removing differences due to variation in population age distributions. (
  • Relationship of Body Fat Distribution and Serum Lipids in Men. (
  • The natural ingredients inside this supplement aid in this conversion, and the body sheds a lot of calories throughout this conversion. (
  • The all-natural active ingredients inside this supplement assistance in this conversion, as well as the body sheds a lot of calories throughout this conversion. (
  • So, if you OVEREAT with carbs as your main source of calories, the excess MIGHT NOT translate as fat gain. (
  • If you overeat with fat as your main source of calories, even for just one day , the excess translates as fat gain," explains . (
  • The natural ingredients inside this supplement help in this conversion, and also the body sheds a lot of calories during this conversion. (
  • That means that when your sleep is reduced, your body preserves energy by slowing the rate at which it is burning calories. (
  • A pound of fat contains 3,500 calories. (
  • Late-night eating may tend to involve less healthy food, food more typically eaten at mealtimes, and may be instead snack foods with empty calories and high fat and calorie content. (
  • The AMDR for fat is 25 to 35 percent of daily calories (50-70 grams for 1,800 daily calories), and the AMDR for fiber is 25-34 grams per day, depending on daily calories and activity level. (
  • The intracellular distribution of enzymes of carbohydrate degradation in the fat body of the adult male cockroach. (
  • GA ingestion causes significant reduction in BMI and body fat percentage among healthy adult females. (
  • Some examples include high or low-fat diets, high or low-carbohydrate diets, high-protein diets, diets that emphasize specific food selections or supplementation(isolation diets), or diets that simply accentuate caloric restriction. (
  • The cheddar cheese contained 33.1% fat, 25% protein, 1.3% carbohydrate (wt/wt), and energy 4 kcal/g. (