The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.
Chlorinated hydrocarbons containing heteroatoms that are present as contaminants of herbicides. Dioxins are carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic. They have been banned from use by the FDA.
A chelating agent used as an antidote to heavy metal poisoning.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
Compounds that contain two halogenated benzene rings linked via an OXYGEN atom. Many polybrominated diphenyl ethers are used as FLAME RETARDANTS.
Biphenyl compounds which are extensively brominated. Many of these compounds are toxic environmental pollutants.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.
A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
A chemical by-product that results from burning or incinerating chlorinated industrial chemicals and other hydrocarbons. This compound is considered an environmental toxin, and may pose reproductive, as well as, other health risks for animals and humans.
Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.
Compounds that contain a BENZENE ring fused to a furan ring.
Organic compounds in which mercury is attached to a methyl group.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.
Materials applied to fabrics, bedding, furniture, plastics, etc. to retard their burning; many may leach out and cause allergies or other harm.
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
The persistent eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least one month. (DSM-IV)
The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
Ethers that are linked to a benzene ring structure.
Inorganic compounds that contain mercury as an integral part of the molecule.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
A mercaptodicarboxylic acid used as an antidote to heavy metal poisoning because it forms strong chelates with them.
Marine fish and shellfish used as food or suitable for food. (Webster, 3d ed) SHELLFISH and FISH PRODUCTS are more specific types of SEAFOOD.
Unstable isotopes of cesium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cs atoms with atomic weights of 123, 125-132, and 134-145 are radioactive cesium isotopes.
An organochlorine pesticide, it is the ethylene metabolite of DDT.
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
Compounds with a 5-membered ring of four carbons and an oxygen. They are aromatic heterocycles. The reduced form is tetrahydrofuran.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Chemicals that bind to and remove ions from solutions. Many chelating agents function through the formation of COORDINATION COMPLEXES with METALS.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Living facilities for humans.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.

Relationships between environmental organochlorine contaminant residues, plasma corticosterone concentrations, and intermediary metabolic enzyme activities in Great Lakes herring gull embryos. (1/556)

Experiments were conducted to survey and detect differences in plasma corticosterone concentrations and intermediary metabolic enzyme activities in herring gull (Larus argentatus) embryos environmentally exposed to organochlorine contaminants in ovo. Unincubated fertile herring gull eggs were collected from an Atlantic coast control site and various Great Lakes sites in 1997 and artificially incubated in the laboratory. Liver and/or kidney tissues from approximately half of the late-stage embryos were analyzed for the activities of various intermediary metabolic enzymes known to be regulated, at least in part, by corticosteroids. Basal plasma corticosterone concentrations were determined for the remaining embryos. Yolk sacs were collected from each embryo and a subset was analyzed for organochlorine contaminants. Regression analysis of individual yolk sac organochlorine residue concentrations, or 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents (TEQs), with individual basal plasma corticosterone concentrations indicated statistically significant inverse relationships for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs), total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), non-ortho PCBs, and TEQs. Similarly, inverse relationships were observed for the activities of two intermediary metabolic enzymes (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and malic enzyme) when regressed against PCDDs/PCDFs. Overall, these data suggest that current levels of organochlorine contamination may be affecting the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and associated intermediary metabolic pathways in environmentally exposed herring gull embryos in the Great Lakes.  (+info)

Biomarkers for exposure to ambient air pollution--comparison of carcinogen-DNA adduct levels with other exposure markers and markers for oxidative stress. (2/556)

Human exposure to genotoxic compounds present in ambient air has been studied using selected biomarkers in nonsmoking Danish bus drivers and postal workers. A large interindividual variation in biomarker levels was observed. Significantly higher levels of bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts (75.42 adducts/10(8) nucleotides) and of 2-amino-apidic semialdehyde (AAS) in plasma proteins (56.7 pmol/mg protein) were observed in bus drivers working in the central part of Copenhagen, Denmark. In contrast, significantly higher levels of AAS in hemoglobin (55.8 pmol/mg protein), malondialdehyde in plasma (0. 96 nmol/ml plasma), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-albumin adduct (3.38 fmol/ microg albumin) were observed in the suburban group. The biomarker levels in postal workers were similar to the levels in suburban bus drivers. In the combined group of bus drivers and postal workers, negative correlations were observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adduct and PAH-albumin levels (p = 0.005), and between DNA adduct and [gamma]-glutamyl semialdehyde (GGS) in hemoglobin (p = 0.11). Highly significant correlations were found between PAH-albumin adducts and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and GGS in hemoglobin (p = 0.001). Significant correlations were also observed between urinary 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and AAS in plasma (p = 0.001) and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.002). The influence of the glutatione S-transferase (GST) M1 deletion on the correlation between the biomarkers was studied in the combined group. A significant negative correlation was only observed between bulky carcinogen-DNA adducts and PAH-albumin adducts (p = 0.02) and between DNA adduct and urinary mutagenic activity (p = 0.02) in the GSTM1 null group, but not in the workers who were homozygotes or heterozygotes for GSTM1. Our results indicate that some of the selected biomarkers can be used to distinguish between high and low exposure to environmental genotoxins.  (+info)

Lead and hypertension in a sample of middle-aged women. (3/556)

OBJECTIVES: The role of lead exposure as a risk factor for hypertension is less well defined among women than among men. This case-control study assessed the relation of blood and bone lead concentrations to hypertension in women. METHODS: Cases and controls were a subsample of women from the Nurses' Health Study. Hypertension was defined as a physician diagnosis of hypertension between 1988 and 1994 or measured systolic blood pressure > or = 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > or = 90 mm Hg. RESULTS: Mean (SD) blood lead concentration was 0.15 (0.11) mumol/L; mean tibia and patella lead concentrations by K-x-ray fluorescence were 13.3 (9.0) and 17.3 (11.1) micrograms/g, respectively. After adjustment for potentially confounding factors, an increase from the 10th to the 90th percentile of patella lead values (25 micrograms/g) was associated with approximately 2-fold (95% confidence interval = 1.1, 3.2) increased risk of hypertension. There was no association between hypertension and either blood or tibia lead concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support a potentially important role for low-level lead exposure as a risk factor for hypertension among non-occupationally exposed women.  (+info)

Impact of diet on lead in blood and urine in female adults and relevance to mobilization of lead from bone stores. (4/556)

We measured high precision lead isotope ratios and lead concentrations in blood, urine, and environmental samples to assess the significance of diet as a contributing factor to blood and urine lead levels in a cohort of 23 migrant women and 5 Australian-born women. We evaluated possible correlations between levels of dietary lead intake and changes observed in blood and urine lead levels and isotopic composition during pregnancy and postpartum. Mean blood lead concentrations for both groups were approximately 3 microg/dl. The concentration of lead in the diet was 5.8 +/- 3 microg Pb/kg [geometric mean (GM) 5.2] and mean daily dietary intake was 8.5 microg/kg/day (GM 7.4), with a range of 2-39 microg/kg/day. Analysis of 6-day duplicate dietary samples for individual subjects commonly showed major spikes in lead concentration and isotopic composition that were not reflected by associated changes in either blood lead concentration or isotopic composition. Changes in blood lead levels and isotopic composition observed during and after pregnancy could not be solely explained by dietary lead. These data are consistent with earlier conclusions that, in cases where levels of environmental lead exposure and dietary lead intake are low, skeletal contribution is the dominant contributor to blood lead, especially during pregnancy and postpartum.  (+info)

Juvenile hypothyroidism among two populations exposed to radioiodine. (5/556)

We found an epidemic of juvenile hypothyroidism among a population of self-defined "downwinders" living near the Hanford nuclear facility located in southeast Washington State. The episode followed massive releases of 131I. Self-reported data on 60 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism (<20 years of age) among a group of 801 Hanford downwinders are presented, as well as data concerning the thyroid status of approximately 160,000 children exposed to radioiodine before 10 years of age as a result of the 26 April 1986 Chernobyl explosion in the former Soviet Union. These children were residents of five regions near Chernobyl. They were examined by standardized screening protocols over a period of 5 years from 1991 to 1996. They are a well-defined group of 10 samples. Fifty-six cases of hypothyroidism were found among boys and 92 among girls. Body burdens of 137Cs have been correlated with hypothyroidism prevalence rates. On the other hand, the group of juvenile (<20 years of age) Hanford downwinders is not a representative sample. Most of the 77 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism in the Hanford group were diagnosed from 1945 to 1970. However, the ratio of reported cases to the county population under 20 years of age is roughly correlated with officially estimated mean levels of cumulative thyroid 131I uptake in these counties, providing evidence that juvenile hypothyroidism was associated with radioiodine exposures. Because even subtle hypothyroidism may be of clinical significance in childhood and can be treated, it may be useful to screen for the condition in populations exposed to radioiodine fallout. Although radiation exposure is associated with hypothyroidism, its excess among fallout-exposed children has not been previously quantified.  (+info)

Estimation of the dermal absorption of m-xylene vapor in humans using breath sampling and physiologically based pharmacokinetic analysis. (6/556)

A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic model, containing a skin compartment, was derived and used to simulate experimentally determined exposure to m-xylene, using human volunteers exposed under controlled conditions. Biological monitoring was conducted by sampling, in exhaled alveolar air and blood, m-xylene and urinary methyl hippuric acid concentrations. The dermal absorption of m-xylene vapor was successfully and conveniently studied using a breath sampling technique, and the contribution to m-xylene body burden from the dermal route of exposure was estimated to be 1.8%. The model was used to investigate the protection afforded by an air-fed, half-face mask. By iteratively changing the dermal exposure concentration, it was possible to predict the ambient concentration that was required to deliver the observed urinary excretion of methylhippuric acid, during and following inhalation exposure to 50 ppm m-xylene vapor. This latter extrapolation demonstrates how physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling can be applied in a practical and occupationally relevant way, and permitted a further step not possible with biological monitoring alone. The ability of the model to extrapolate an ambient exposure concentration was dependent upon human metabolism data, thereby demonstrating the mechanistic toxicological basis of model output. The methyl hydroxylation of m-xylene is catalyzed by the hepatic mixed function oxidase enzyme, cytochrome P450 2E1 and is active in the occupationally relevant, (<100 ppm) exposure range of m-xylene. The use of a scaled-up in vitro maximum rate of metabolism (Vmaxc) in the model also demonstrates the increasingly valuable potential utility of biokinetic data determined using alternative, non-animal methods in human chemical-risk assessment.  (+info)

Evaluation of diabetes mellitus, serum glucose, and thyroid function among United States workers exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. (7/556)

OBJECTIVE: Some studies suggest that exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) may affect glucose metabolism and thyroid function. To further assess the relation between exposure to TCDD and endocrine function, data from the largest morbidity study of industrial workers exposed to TCDD were examined. METHODS: A cross sectional study of workers employed > 15 years earlier in the manufacture of 2,4,5-trichlorophenol or one of its derivatives at two United States chemical plants was conducted. The referent group consisted of people with no occupational exposure to phenoxy herbicides and were recruited from the neighbourhoods where the workers lived. RESULTS: A total of 281 workers and 260 unexposed referents participated. The mean current serum lipid adjusted TCDD concentration among workers was 220 pg/g lipid, and among referents was 7 pg/g lipid (p < 0.05). The half life extrapolated TCDD concentrations (the estimated TCDD concentration when occupational exposure to TCDD stopped) among workers averaged 1900 pg/g lipid (range: not detected--30,000 pg/g lipid). Overall, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus was not significantly different between the workers and referents. Also, there was not a significant positive trend between prevalence of diabetes and increasing serum TCDD concentration. However, diabetes was found in six of 10 (60%) workers with current serum TCDD concentrations > 1500 pg/g lipid. After excluding subjects being treated for diabetes, workers in the group with the highest half life extrapolated TCDD concentrations had a significantly increased adjusted mean serum glucose concentration compared with referents (p = 0.03). Workers were also found to have a significantly higher adjusted mean free thyroxine index compared with referents (p = 0.02), especially among workers in the group with the highest half life extrapolated TCDD concentrations. However, no evidence was found that workers exposed to TCDD were at increased risk of thyroid disease. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide modest evidence that exposure to TCDD may affect thyroid function and glucose metabolism.  (+info)

Follow up of workers previously exposed to silver solder containing cadmium. (8/556)

OBJECTIVES: To study longitudinal biological monitoring data on urinary and blood cadmium collected in a small cohort of nine workers who had been brazing for several years with solders containing cadmium. METHODS: Cadmium was measured by neutron activation analysis in livers and kidneys, and estimates of renal function were carried out in 1983 and 1995. During the intervening period exposure to cadmium was dramatically reduced by local exhaust ventilation control and substitution of the solder containing cadmium. RESULTS: From urinary protein measurements there was evidence within the group of increasing renal tubular damage over the 12 year period, even though exposure to cadmium was dramatically reduced over this period and almost eliminated by 1995. There was no evidence from serum creatinine of decreasing glomerular filtration rate, and the renal tubular handling of calcium, phosphate, or urate had not worsened significantly. Blood and urinary cadmium concentrations reduced significantly over the 12 year period but were still substantial in 1995. Blood cadmium concentrations tended to reflect cadmium body burden in 1995 when exposure had been low for several years, and decreased most significantly during 1983-90. By contrast urinary cadmium concentrations only decreased significantly from about 1990 onwards. Urinary cadmium was not significantly correlated with liver or kidney cadmium concentration in either 1983 or 1995. This may be due to the level of tubular dysfunction in the cohort. Calculated cumulative excretion of cadmium over the 12 year period was substantially greater than the loss of cadmium measured in livers and kidneys and the derived loss in body burden. Reasons for this are discussed. It is possible that in cohorts, where renal damage is apparent, urinary concentrations reflect a substantial component of current exposure rather than stored body losses. CONCLUSIONS: The data reinforce the concept that blood cadmium concentrations may not always reflect recent exposure, but may reflect body burden derived from historical exposure depending on the degree of current exposure; and that the decline in urinary and blood cadmium measurements after removal from, or reduction in, exposure will be slow and depend on the historical body burden.  (+info)

Accumulation, elimination and subcellular distribution of heavy metals in Littorina brevicula exposed to cadmium and zinc, both alone and in combination were investigated. When L. brevicula was exposed to CdCl₂ 400 mg/L and ZnSO₄ 3000 mg/L separately for 90days, each of the metal body burden in the whole soft parts increased in proportion to time of exposure until 70days. But it dosent increase after 70days. When the winkles were exposed to cadmium and zinc simultaneously, zinc body burden increased and cadmium body burden decreased as compared with when they were exposed to each of the metal. We also found that cadmium accumulated in the winkles was not depurated for 42days, but zinc accumulated in them was depurated. Especially, zinc was depurated faster when they had been exposed to mixture of cadmium and zinc. After the winkles had been exposed to cadmium and zinc separately for 70days, cadmium was mainly associated with the soluble fraction(about 60% of the total body burden), while ...
If you are thinking about having a baby, if you are pregnant, or if you just had a baby, consider taking action to reduce your babys chemical body burden. This series of articles will help you make decisions to reduce the chemicals in your childs blood as they grow giving them better chances for long-term health. Numerous studies in the past decade on cord blood, blood, and breast milk are showing that everyone in the world has pollution in their blood. Environmental Working Groups 2005 Study, Body Burden-The Pollution in Newborns, found some horrifying results:. Of the 287 chemicals we detected in umbilical cord blood, we know that 180 cause cancer in humans or animals, 217 are toxic to the brain and nervous system, and 208 cause birth defects or abnormal development in animal tests. The dangers of pre- or post-natal exposure to this complex mixture of carcinogens, developmental toxins, and neurotoxins have never been studied.. This is called our body burden. The pollution is from ...
In a study spearheaded by the Environmental Working Group (EWG), researchers at two major laboratories found an average of 200 industrial compounds, pollutants, and other chemicals in 10 newborn babies, with a total of 287 chemicals found in the group. To our knowledge this work represents the first reported cord blood tests for 261 of the targeted chemicals, and the first reported detections of at least 209 chemicals. Scientists refer to this contamination as a persons body burden.
More and more people are demanding the right to know what chemicals are in their bodies. In California, a bill is being pushed that would set up the first statewide biomonitoring system to collect and analyze breast milk. But some fear testing might cause people to confuse chemical exposure with illness and cause undue alarm. Living on Earths Ingrid Lobet reports.
In the three years since her family went through body burden testing, Michelle Hammond has become an activist on the issue. Shes testified twice in the California legislature to support a statewide body burden testing program, a bill that passed last year. Michelle also speaks to various public health groups about her experience, taking Mikaela, now 8, and Rowan, now 5, with her. So far, her children show no health problems associated with the industrial chemicals in their bodies ...
Author of Green Goes with Everything: Simple Steps to a Healthier Life and a Cleaner Planet, Sloane Barnet recently wrote in the Huffington Post, Most
In the month leading up to a babys birth, the umbilical cord pulses with the equivalent of at least 300 quarts of blood each day, pumped back and forth from the nutrient- and oxygen-rich placenta to the rapidly growing child cradled in a sac of amniotic fluid. This cord is a lifeline between mother and baby, bearing nutrients that sustain life and propel growth.
Chemically, we are much more than what we eat and drink. Were also what we breathe, touch, smell, wear, sit or lie on, rub up against, prepare our foods in or otherwise absorb into our systems.
The objectives of this study were to determine whether Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of individuals exposure to anticholinergic and sedative drugs, and Beers criteria, an explicit measure of potentially inappropriate drug use, are associated wi
Persistent chlorinated organic compounds (PCBs, PCDDs, PCDFs, HCB, DDTs, etc.) have varying harmful effects on human health (1). Humans are mainly exposed to these compounds by consuming diary products, meat and fish. Newborns are prenatally exposed across the placenta and post partum through breastfeeding (2). The primary storage sites are adipose tissue and liver. Monitoring concentrations of organohalogen contaminants in human fluids and tissues is one of the important steps necessary for health risk assessment. Breast milk has been the preferred matrix to evaluate human background exposure and body burden. The analysis of persistent chlorinated organic compounds in the placenta and umbilical blood is important to estimate transplacental exposure. Concentrations in the blood serum reflect best the body burden of the general population. Therefore, a systematic program of sampling and analysis of human body fluids and tissues for selected persistent chlorinated organic compounds has been ...
This paper presents a detailed congener-specific estimate of PCB exposure to the UK population. The average PCB intake (i.e. the sum of IUPAC congeners No. 28, 44, 52, 61/74, 66, 99, 101, 105, 110, 118, 138, 151, 153, 156, 170, 180, 183, 187, 189, 194/205, 201, 202, 206 and 209) for the contemporary UK population was estimated to be 0.53 μg/person/day. Food consumption accounted for 97% of the PCB exposure, with fish, milk and dairy products, vegetables and meat and animal fat accounting for 32, 24, 24 and 15%, respectively. The congener pattern for different food products varied, with vegetables playing a major part in the intake of lower chlorinated compounds, whilst fatty foods such as fish, dairy products and meat, were of greater importance for the intake of higher chlorinated compounds. Theoretical body burdens and body fat concentrations of selected PCB congeners were derived for the UK population, based on the estimated contemporary human daily intake of PCBs and a number of ...
Active smoking is associated with increased body burden of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); the aim of this study was to assess whether environmental tobacco smoking (ETS) increases the internal dose of PAHs. In 344 nonsmoking Italian adults, out of 497 individuals selected as representative of the population of the town of Modena, ETS exposure was evaluated by a self-administered questionnaire and by the measurement of urinary cotinine (COT-U). PAH exposure was assessed by the measurement of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHPYR) and of ten urinary PAHs. In all subjects, median (5th–95th percentile) COT-U was 0.47 (<0.1–3.91) µg/L. While 58 subjects reported to be ETS exposed (ETSQUEST), 38 individuals were identified as ETS exposed on the basis of a COT-U value of 1.78 (90% confidence interval 1.75–1.80) µg/L, previously derived as an upper reference value in not ETS exposed Italian adults (ETSCOT). Median COT-U levels were 1.38 (<0.1–9.06) and 3.63 (1.80
210). Visual inspection of empirical. cross-sectional data in 2003 and 2009 shows no obvious decreasing trend between 2003 and 2009, and especially in cross-sectional data of 2009, no significant difference for the human body burdens in pools of different age groups, except for the youngest cohort that is likely exposed by breastfeeding (see Supplementary material, Fig. S1-n). The modeled intrinsic elimination half-life for p,p′-DDT is about 115 years, which is much longer than that estimated by Ritter et al. (2009). However, the intrinsic elimination half-life could be unresolvable by our model fitting procedure because of ongoing low-level exposure to fresh DDT, which was also indicated by our modeled intake trend of p,p′-DDT showing an almost unchanged intake levels (see Supplementary material, Fig. S1-n). Mueller et al. (2008) speculated that the decline in DDT contamination in human milk in Australia slowed after the 1980s due selleck to new selleck screening library input via long ...
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is present in most environmental compartments, including those which result in direct human exposure. This paper assesses the contribution made by different exposure routes and illustrates that the average non-occupationally exposed UK individual absorbs 0.05, 0.32 and 4.16 μg PCP per day from air inhalation, water and diet ingestion, giving a total absorption of 4.53 μg (total intake being 5.7 μg). Using data from other sources it appears that most human PCP body burdens are in the region of 550 μg. Using the body burden and calculated daily intakes it is concluded that either the half-life of PCP in the human body has been underestimated or that the UK body burden is below that found in other countries.. ...
An implantable lead body, and method of manufacturing same, and system for stimulation. The lead body includes an expanding/expansion section providing an additional length or slack in the lead body and allowing the lead body to expand or stretch with the body thereby reducing or eliminating the mechanical force or strain on the ends of the lead at the destination sites.
The German Environmental Survey (GerES) is a representative population study carried out in order to determine the exposure to pollutants of the general population in Germany. The study has been conducted by the Federal Environment Agency since the mid-1980s. GerES IV is the first environmental survey to determine, on a representative basis, the body burden of pollutants in children in Germany and the exposure to pollutants in their homes. It is a module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (German acronym: KiGGS) and was carried out in close cooperation with the Robert Koch Institute (RKI).In a randomly selected sub-sample of the KiGGS population consisting of 1 790 children aged to 14 years and living in 150 different sampling locations, also the body burden of environmental pollutants was examined. ...
Ed Browns new movie Unacceptable Levels tells the story of chemicals in our bodies: how they get there, what it means to our health, how in the world it can be legal, and what we can do about it.. All this from the perspective of a young dad contemplating the food his family eats, the water they drink and that cute little rubber duck his kids chew on. Browns personal journey, as he pulls back the veil on our chemically-saturated world, is well worth watching. Ill be at the films July 11 screening in San Francisco along with other PAN staff - if youre in the Bay Area, please join us! Showings are also happening soon in Chicago and Austin.. ...
The Seven Spiritual Laws of Yoga A Practical Guide to Healing Body, Mind, and Spirit Deepak Chopra, M.D. David Simon, M.D. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ffirs.qxd 4/14/04 ...
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The Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Profile can help identify which of the most toxic PCBs a patient has been exposed to and the body burden of the patient.
Performance limitations are the consequence of biochemical imbalances and toxic body-burden. Optimum performance can be achieved by correcting biochemistry and endocrine function. The levels of nutrient (and toxic) minerals have an impact on how well biological processes function. Canine physical and cognitive abilities can be improved.
The retention, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of [14C]octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) were studied in Fischer 344 rats after single and multiple exposures to 7, 70, or 700 ppm [14C]D4. Subset groups were established for body burden, distribution, and elimination. Retention of inhaled D4 was relatively low (5-6% of inhaled D4). Radioactivity derived from [14C]D4 inhalation was widely distributed to tissues of the rat. Maximum concentrations of radioactivity in plasma and tissues (except fat) occurred at the end of exposure and up to 3 h postexposure. Maximum concentrations of radioactivity in fat occurred as late as 24 h postexposure. Fat was a depot, elimination of radioactivity from this tissue was much slower than from plasma and other tissues. With minor exceptions, there were no consistent gender effects on the distribution of radioactivity and the concentrations of radioactivity were nearly proportional to exposure concentration over the exposure range. Excretion of radioactivity ...
According to Peter Montague, editor of Rachels Health and Environment Weekly, in any given group of 1,000 different chemicals there are 41 billion possible combinations of groups of 4. 2 Synthesis also occurs when the chemicals found in cleaning products interact with materials found in the environment. Chlorine, for example, can combine with natural organic materials found in dirt and soils to create a variety of carcinogenic chlorinated hydrocarbons, including toxins like chloroform and trihalomethanes. Qxd 1/31/06 20 10:59 AM Page 20 N AT U R A L LY C L E A N mulated toxic contaminants we have ingested over time by breathing polluted air, eating food with toxic residues, drinking contaminated water, and exposing our skin to dangerous chemicals. In the last few years, scientists have begun to examine our body burdens in detail, and what theyve discovered is discomforting at best. Theyve found that the body of the average American is littered with countless toxic chemicals. 1 ≈ According ...
Our modern world is flooded with pollution, food additives, drugs, chemicals and heavy metals. We ingest them through the air we breathe, the food we eat and sometimes the water we drink. At times our habits add further toxins to our systems, such as through smoking, caffeine intake and alcohol use. The accumulation of such substances in the body contributes to a body burden of toxins and can lead to chronic disease. By removing or eliminating toxins and replenishing the body with healthy nutrients, we can help protect against disease and restore the ability to maintain complete wellbeing. Detoxification programs also jump start weight loss, while supporting hormonal and metabolic health ...
vanadium pentoxide v2o5 Manufacturers & vanadium pentoxide v2o5 Suppliers Directory - choose vanadium pentoxide v2o5 from 121 vanadium pentoxide v2o5 Super Suppliers of China.
Also avoid sodium lauryl sulfite (SLS), these products are often labeled SLS free.. Iodine - Missing Protection from our Food Supply.. Thirty years ago iodine (Read more about iodine is needed) was removed from our bread and replaced with bromide (Bromide affects your thyroid!). Since that time breast cancer rates and thyroid dysfunction have sky rocketed to epidemic levels and continue to climb ever higher, as your food gets worse and our total body burden of chemicals and heavy metals climbs higher. Hypothroidism is very common today and our average body temperature is no longer 98.6. Having a temperature of 98.6 is imperative because the liver performs many functions and depends on the correct body temperature for those enzymatic processes to occur.. Iodine, chlorine, bromine and fluoride are all halides, except only iodine is a healthy halide, the others belong in a class referred to as toxic halides. Eating bread, taking a shower, and brushing your teeth can all be dangerous to your ...
Find ferro vanadium, vanadium pentoxide from JAISWALS OXIDES & PIGMENTS CO. PVT. LTD - We are an acknowledged manufacturer, exporter & supplier of ferro vanadium, vanadium pentoxide, sodium metavanadate and many more chemicals from Chhattisgarh, India.
contact process. Vanadium pentoxide melts at 690 C and decomposes at 1750 C. V3+ is a strong reducing agent, which sets hydrogen free with water. This shows that Vanadium pentoxide may only rarely be applicable as sole oxidizing agent. Of interest are its abilities to form polyoxides. In the following process the oxidation number of the vanadium remains constant for example, but the polarization of the peroxide group increases:. ...
CHAPTER 599. An act to add Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 105440) to Part 5 of Division 103 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to public health.. The chaptered bill in PDF format.. On December 11, participants in the Boston Consensus Conference on Biomonitoring presented their consensus statement. This event was the culmination of 2 1/2 months of hard work by a group of 14 Boston-area residents who met over three weekends in Fall 2006 to learn about and consider issues related to biomonitoring, and to have their questions answered by national experts. The results of their deliberations present an important opportunity to provide public input on the topic to policymakers, researchers, advocacy groups, and others.. http://www.biomonitoring06.org/ The Consensus statement in PDF format. ...
Dr. Robley D. Evans, professor emeritus of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, winner of the 1990 Enrico Fermi Award and a pioneer in studying the effects of radium on the human body, died December 31 in Paradise Valley, AZ, where he lived in retirement. He was 88.. His family said the cause of death was respiratory failure.. There were no services.. Professor Evans was a founder of nuclear medicine and established the standard, used throughout the world, for the maximum permissible body burden of radium.. The Department of Energy said in its citation accompanying the Fermi Award, that Professor Evans did pioneering work in measurements of body burdens of radioactivity and their affects on human health, and in the use of radioactive isotopes for medical purposes.. The Fermi Award is the highest scientific award given by the DOE. It recognizes exceptional and altogether outstanding scientific and technical achievement in the development, use or control of atomic energy. The ...
In a study led by Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, in collaboration with the Environmental Working Group and Commonweal, researchers at two major laboratories found 167 chemicals, pollutants, and pesticides in the blood and urine of nine adult Americans. Study results appear in a recently-published edition of the journal Public Health Reports (Thornton, et al. 2002) - the first publicly available, comprehensive look at the chemical burden we carry in our bodies.. None of the nine volunteers work with chemicals on the job. All lead healthy lives. Yet the subjects contained an average of 91 compounds - most of which did not exist 75 years ago.. Our body burden. Scientists refer to the chemical exposure documented here as an individuals body burden - the consequence of lifelong exposure to industrial chemicals that are used in thousands of consumer products and linger as contaminants in air, water, food, and soil. There are hundreds of chemicals in drinking water, household air, dust, ...
The reactive surface and layered crystal structure of vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) are exploited here to prepare a two-dimensional (2D) ion pump that transports ions against their concentration gradient. The exfoliated layers of V2O5 were assembled into membrane form to create ion-channels with excellent nanofluidic t
A medical lead which has a connector assembly coupled to an electrode by a lead body, the lead body is designed so as to have greater resistance to crush fatigue in the area which is located between the rib and clavicle when implanted. In particular the lead body of the present invention features an insulative sheath covering a coiled conductor. The coiled conductor has three sections, viz., proximal, intermediate and distal sections. The intermediate section has a different pitch as compared to proximal section and distal section. In the preferred embodiment, intermediate section has a pitch of approximately 0.100 while proximal section has a pitch of approximately 0.025 and distal section has a pitch of approximately 0.025. Moreover, intermediate section has a length of approximately 10.4 inches while proximal section has a length of approximately 5.1 inches and distal section has a length of approximately 7.2 inches. In such a manner the lead of the present invention presents a coiled conductor
A lead assembly adapted for endocardial fixation to a human heart is provided. The lead assembly includes a lead body that has a proximal end provided with a connector for electrical connection to a cardiac stimulator. The cardiac stimulator may be a pacemaker, a cardioverter/defibrillator, or a sensing instrument. The distal end of the lead body is connected to a tubular electrode housing. The lead body consists of a noncoiled conductor cable surrounded by a coextensive insulating sleeve. In contrast to conventional leads, the lead body of the present invention does not require coiled conductor wires or an internal lumen. Manipulation of the lead body is via an external guide tube. Lead body diameters of 0.25 mm or smaller are possible.
An assembly is provided for an implantable medical lead. The assembly includes a first lead body comprising one or more electrical leads, and a hermetic encasement. The encasement comprises a housing having first and second openings and interior walls, an interior space defined by the interior walls, an electronic network housed within the interior space, and a circuit board extending through the first and second openings. The circuit board comprises a plurality of layers into which the electronic network is at least partially integrated, a first set of one or more terminals electrically coupling the electronic network to the first lead body, and a second set of one or more terminals electrically coupled to the electronic network for external electrical engagement.
Magic the Gathering Magic the Gathering [075] ALARA REBORN Single Card - 029/145 : Soul Manipulation Magic the Gathering Common, Alara Reborn @ Chaos Cards
A lead includes a lead body extending from a proximal end to a distal end and having an intermediate portion. A shocking electrode is disposed proximate the distal end of the lead body, and a pacing electrode is disposed along the intermediate portion of the lead body. The distal end of the lead body includes a preformed biased shape.
This product was added to our catalog on August 3, 2016.This is a replacement Ares 18A Brushless ESC with built-in BEC for the Alara EP. AZSA1710
A lead includes a lead body extending from a distal end to a proximal end, and at least one conductor disposed within the lead body and extending from the distal end to the proximal end of the lead body. The lead further includes an outer terminal ring, a terminal pin, and an insulative sleeve disposed between the outer terminal ring and the terminal pin, where the insulative sleeve is coupled with the outer terminal ring with a snap-fit connection. A pin latch is disposed on an outer periphery surface of the insulative sleeve, where the pin latch is rotatable about a hinge point.
Limiting radiation is critical when creating a safe operating environment for you and your patients. Managing dose comes down to a few fundamentals: time, distance and shielding. Canon Medical Systems commitment to radiation safety results in continuous enhancements of features to help you achieve your goal of: As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA).. ...
A pilot study was performed to assess the measurement of benzene body-burden for populations potentially environmentally exposed to benzene. Probability sampling was used to select the participants in the two study geographical sites, Harris County, TX and St. Louis, MO plus parts of Wood River, Roxana, South Roxana and Hartford, IL. Benzene levels were measured for the air and water environmental exposure for each participant and the benzene body-burden was measured through breath levels and, in a subsample, blood levels. A pretest of occupationally exposed and non-exposed individuals was used to test analytical methodology and the concept of breath as an indicator of body-burden. The blood benzene levels expected and observed required analytical methods capable of measuring - 1 micrograms/L or below. This methodology did not exist and had to be developed for the pretest and pilot study. Benzene levels for smokers and non-smokers were compared in the pretest. The range of air benzene levels ...
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) dosimetry using the well established dosimeter material alanine is a generally accepted dosimetric method for measurements of high absorbed doses. Alanine EPR dosimetry is however not sensitive enough for high precision measurements of low (, 5 Gy) absorbed doses using reasonably measurement times and small dosimeters. It has therefore not been possible to fully exploit the benefits of EPR dosimetry for applications in radiation therapy.. The aim of this thesis was to show that sensitive EPR dosimetry is a competitive method for applications in radiation therapy fulfilling the requirements of measurement precision. Our strategy for reaching this goal was to search for new, more sensitive, EPR dosimeter materials fulfilling the criteria of being tissue equivalent, having a high radical yield and having a narrow EPR spectrum suitable for dosimetry. The best materials were found among formates and dithionates. Doping with small amounts of metal ions and ...
A new test approved by the FDA for diagnosing damage that has been caused by toxic metals like mercury is the fractionated porphyrin test (260), that measures amount of damage as well as likely source. Provocation challenge tests after use of chemical chelators such as DMPS or DMSA also are effective at measuring body burden (57), but can be dangerous to some people- especially those still having amalgam fillings or those allergic to sulfur drugs or sulfites. Many studies using chemical chelators such as DMPS or DMSA have found post chelation levels to be poorly correlated with prechelation blood or urine levels (57,115,303), but one study (340) found a significant correlation between pre and post chelation values when using DMPS. Challange tests using DMPS or DMSA appear to have a better correlation with body burden and toxicity symptoms such as concentration, memory, and motor deficits (290)- with many studies finding a significant correlation between post chelation mercury level and the ...
Purpose: Size, shape, and the position of paired organs are different in abdomen. However, the counterpart organs are conventionally treated jointly together in internal dosimetry. This study was performed to quantify the difference of specific absor
A lead body includes an electrode coupled to an intermediate portion of the lead body. A distal end of the lead includes a pre-formed, biased shape adapted to passively fixate the distal end of the lead within a pulmonary artery with the electrode positioned in the right ventricle or ventricular outflow tract. The lead body can include a preformed J-shape, with the electrode coupled to the intermediate portion of the lead body and located distally from a bottom of the pre-formed J-shape. The lead body can include a section of the intermediate portion of the lead body being less stiff than adjacent sections of the lead body with the electrode coupled to the intermediate portion of the lead body and located distally from the less stiff section.
Despite growing evidence that deprescribing can improve clinical outcomes, quality of life and reduce the likelihood of adverse drug events, the practice is not widespread, particularly in hospital settings. Clinical risk assessment tools, like the Drug Burden Index (DBI), can help prioritise patients for medication review and prioritise medications to deprescribe, but are not integrated within routine care. The aim of this study was to conduct formative usability testing of a computerised decision support (CDS) tool, based on DBI, to identify modifications required to the tool prior to trialling in practice. Our CDS tool comprised a DBI MPage in the electronic medical record (clinical workspace) that facilitated review of a patients DBI and medication list, access to deprescribing resources, and the ability to deprescribe. Two rounds of scenario-based formative usability testing with think-aloud protocol were used. Seventeen end-users participated in the testing, including junior and senior doctors,
Turning to adverse effects of plastic on the human population, there is a growing body of literature on potential health risks. A range of chemicals that are used in the manufacture of plastics are known to be toxic. Biomonitoring (e.g. measuring concentration of environmental contaminants in human tissue) provides an integrated measure of an organisms exposure to contaminants from multiple sources. This approach has shown that chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics are present in the human population, and studies using laboratory animals as model organisms indicate potential adverse health effects of these chemicals (Talsness et al. 2009). Body burdens of chemicals that are used in plastic manufacture have also been correlated with adverse effects in the human population, including reproductive abnormalities (e.g. Swan et al. 2005; Swan 2008; Lang et al. 2008).. Interpreting biomonitoring data is complex, and a key task is to set information into perspective with dose levels that are ...
A lead includes a lead body extending from a proximal end to a distal end and having an intermediate portion. A shocking electrode is disposed proximate the distal end of the lead body, and a pacing electrode is disposed along the intermediate portion of the lead body. The distal end of the lead body includes a pre-formed biased shape.
For over 35 years, Biokinetics mission has been to protect the human body from blunt impact injury, ballistic threats and blast effects.
Polyphosphoric acid, ca 84% (as phosphorus pentoxide) | 8017-16-1 pricing, chemical properties, structure, CAS Number, Molecular Formula
Lausser, C.; Cölfen, H.; Antonietti, M.: Mesocrystals of Vanadium Pentoxide: A Comparative Evaluation of Three Different Pathways of Mesocrystal Synthesis from Tactosol Precursors. ACS Nano 5 (1), S. 107 - 114 (2010 ...
TVA completed the $1.9 billion restart of the 1,100-MW Browns Ferry Unit 1 in 2007. That restart project provided the opportunity to incorporate state-of-the-art materials and radiation-reduction techniques to ensure that Unit 1 would be an industry-leading low-ALARA-exposure plant when it returned to service. The reductions achieved were significant.
ما در کملند مفتخریم با ایجاد فضایی امن و جذاب، شما مشتریان عزیز را در انتخاب و خرید مواد شیمیایی مورد نیاز خود در کمترین زمان، با مناسب ترین قیمت و بهترین کیفیت یاری نماییم.همچنین به کمک این بستر ساده و پرمخاطب برای تولیدکنندگان و واردکنندگان پرتلاش ملی فرصتی مناسب برای عرضه مواد شیمیایی ایجاد کرده ایم.. ...
ALA -----Alabama AMW -----ALARA Management Worksheet AEH -----Alarm Event Handler AKJ -----Alaska, Juneau AKI -----Alaskan Independent Party AYX
Lawrence Island". Body Burden Report. Retrieved 2006-06-12. State of Alaska Epidemiology Bulletin. PCB Blood Test Results from ...
... and social factors influenced children's body burden levels. Eating poultry and pork contributed to elevated body burdens for ... The body burden of PBDEs in Americans correlates well with the level of PBDEs measured in swabs of their hands, likely picked ... In recent years, PBDEs have become widespread environmental pollutants, while body burden in the general population has been ... "Impact of dust from multiple microenvironments and diet on PentaBDE body burden". Environmental Science & Technology. 46 (2): ...
Full Body Burden: Growing Up in the Nuclear Shadow of Rocky Flats (2012) ...
The highest body burdens were found in Western Europe in the 1970s and early 1980s,[2][47][48] and the trends have been similar ... the body burden will increase almost over the whole lifetime. Therefore, the concentrations may increase five- to tenfold from ... This has also led to decreases in human body burdens, which is neatly demonstrated by the decrease of dioxin concentrations in ... where they are then stored in the body. Their half-life in the body is estimated to be 7 to 11 years.[24] ...
... from this analysis overall body burden is inferred. Chelation challenge mainly measures the burden of lead in soft tissues, ... Blood lead levels are an indicator mainly of recent or current lead exposure, not of total body burden. Lead in bones can be ... Chelation challenge, also known as provocation testing, is used to indicate an elevated and mobilizable body burden of heavy ... this may be the best measure of cumulative exposure and total body burden. However this method is not widely available and is ...
ISBN 978-0-7100-6299-4. Scaer RC (2001). The Body Bears the Burden: Trauma, Dissociation, and Disease. Binghamton, New York: ... body, and society. New York: Guilford Press. pp. 303-27. Coons PM (June 1999). "Psychogenic or dissociative fugue: a clinical ... making it good practice to start all trainings at the limbs as a gradual exposure to body sensations. Doing so will also ...
Scaer, Robert C. (2001). The Body Bears the Burden: Trauma, Dissociation, and Disease. The Haworth Press. p. 275. ISBN ... Body psychotherapy Embodied cognition Psychosomatic medicine van der Kolk, Bessel (2014). The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind ... His body tends to spontaneously assume certain postures and develop activations as he is himself haunted by vague elusive ... In the face of arousal, "discharge" is facilitated to allow the client's body to return to a regulated state. Discharge may be ...
Scaer, R.C. (2001). The Body Bears the Burden: Trauma, Dissociation, and Disease. New York: The Haworth Press. [1] Jasper ... A classic text in the field is Traumatic Stress, the Effects of Overwhelming Experiences on the Mind, Body and Society. For a ... body, and society. New York, Guilford Press, 214-241. Felitti, V.J., Anda, R.F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D.F., Spitz, A.M ... to successfully bond and attach to others has been growing in importance as new information is learned about how the human body ...
ISBN 0-8047-0514-3 Drasch, G A (1982). Lead burden in prehistorical, historical and modern human bodies. The Science of the ... Lead is not removed quickly from the body. It tends to form lead phosphate complexes within bone. This is detectable in ...
A single dose of ivermectin gives a rapid and durable decrease in body burden of eyeworm (Loa loa). The risk of ivermectin- ... However, ivermectin is contraindicated in persons with a high burden of loiasis (e.g., ,20,000 Loa loa microfilariae per mL), ...
The body bears the burden: trauma, dissociation, and disease, third edition. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415641524. Dougherty L, ... Watsu: freeing the body in water, 4th edition. Watsu Publishing. ISBN 978-1605853710. Schoedinger P. 2008. Adapting Watsu for ... Other positions and techniques have been developed to produce specific effects and to address specific parts of the body. For ... Chapter 9 In: Dull, H. Watsu: freeing the body in water, 4th edition. Watsu Publishing. ISBN 978-1605853710. Faull, K. 2005. A ...
Scaer, Robert (2007). The Body Bears the Burden: Trauma, Dissociation, and Disease, Second Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Haworth ...
Root, D.; Anderson, Joan (April 1986). "Reducing Toxic Body Burdens Advancing an Innovative Technique". Occupational Health and ...
Burden survived and had rope scars on his body two years later. Conahan's credit cards were subpoenaed and his house was ... The star witness was Stanley Burden who had been nearly killed in 1994. Conahan's attorney rebutted that Burden was an ... The body had been outside for about a month and had rope burns on the skin and the genitalia had been removed and discarded. ... Stanley Burden, the star witness at Conahan's trial, had been attacked within a mile of the site where the eight skeletons were ...
Schnare, David W.; Ben, Max; Shields, Megan G. (1984). "Body Burden Reductions of PCBs, PBBs and Chlorinated Pesticides in ...
... an excerpt from Full Body Burden was published in the June 11th edition of The Nation. Many universities have chosen Full Body ... Full Body Burden won the 2013 Colorado Book Award and the Reading the West Book Award in Nonfiction. It was also chosen one of ... Full Body Burden: Growing Up in the Nuclear Shadow of Rocky Flats is a 2012 memoir fusing Iversen's personal story of growing ... Full Body Burden: Growing up in the Nuclear Shadow of Rocky Flats. Crown Publishing Group. 2012. ISBN 978-0-307-95563-0. Molly ...
Garner, Dwight (September 27, 2012). "Growing Up in a Town of Weak Beer and Toxic Water: Book Review: Full Body Burden by ... Iverson, Kristen (2013). Full Body Burden: Growing Up in the Nuclear Shadow of Rocky Flats. Broadway Books. ISBN 0307955656. ...
Full Body Burden' by Kristen Iversen". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 April 2014. Iversen, Kristin (2012). Full Body Burden: ... Her body was examined by Los Alamos Laboratory Tissue Analysis Program as requested by the Atomic Energy Commission and the ... Internal exposure to radioactive isotopes is more serious than external exposure, as these particles lodge in the body for ... his body had to be removed by remote control and placed in a steel and concrete isolation tank where glass and metal were ...
Maximum permissible body burdens were given for 11 nuclides. At this time it was first stated that the purpose of radiological ... The contents are made available for adoption by national regulatory bodies to the extent that they wish. Early recommendations ... in any 1 week in the case of whole-body exposure to X and gamma radiation at the surface, and 1.5 roentgen (0.013 grays) in any ... The worldwide umbrella body for national radiological protection organisations International Commission on Radiation Units and ...
... the average human body burdens of DDT and PCB have been declining. Since their ban in 1972, the PCB body burden in 2009 is one- ... of our PBDE body burden. It has been shown that contaminated house dust is a primary source of lead in young children's bodies ... Diet is thought to account for up to 90% of a person's PCB and DDT body burden. In a study of 32 different common food products ... Residents living in homes with wood floors treated in the 1960s with PCB-based wood finish have a much higher body burden than ...
... this 4-part adaptation of Corporate Bodies also stars Suzanne Burden as Frances. List of radio adaptations with Bill Nighy as ... On 5 December 2012 a 4-part adaptation of An Amateur Corpse began on Radio 4; Nighy and Burden again played Charles and Frances ... Nineteen Fethering mysteries have been published so far: The Body on the Beach (2000) Death on the Downs (2001) The Torso in ... Corporate Bodies (1991) A Reconstructed Corpse (1993) Sicken and So Die (1995) Dead Room Farce (1998) A Decent Interval (2013) ...
"Non-invasive therapy to reduce the body burden of aluminium in Alzheimer's disease". J. Alzheimers Dis. 10 (1): 17-24, ...
Calvo, Irene (May 14, 2015). "Chris Burden, el body art y la performance de los 70: referentes actuales". Ah Magazine. ... Chris Burden was an American artist working in performance, sculpture and installation art. Burden became known in the 1970s ... For artists in endurance performances "[q]uestioning the limits of their bodies," Tatiana A. Koroleva, Subversive Body in ... Chris Burden and Dennis Oppenheim were pioneers in the relationship between body art and performance art, as well as the Zaj ...
Lawrence, J. N. (1962). PUQFUA, an IBM 704 code for computing plutonium body burdens. Health Physics. 8(1): 61-66.. ... Langham, W. H. (1957). Excretion methods: The application of excretion analyses to the determination of body burden of ... Plutonium Body Burden (Q) from Urine Analysis - software program PUQFUA is a computer program written in the FORTRAN language. ...
"Arts icon" Jack Body has died". Stuff. Knight, Christopher. "Chris Burden dies at 69: artist's light sculpture at LACMA is ... Jack Body, 70, New Zealand composer. Chris Burden, 69, American artist, melanoma. William T. Cooper, 81, Australian bird ... Terry Sue-Patt, 50, British actor (Grange Hill). (body discovered on this date) Michael Osborne Waddell, 92, British World War ... "Historian Amalendu Guha dies, body donated to medical college". 8 May 2015. "Thomas F. Lamb". "GILBERT, LEWIS "Tookie"". Press ...
Unfortunately, this method has its limits in that only a small fraction of Pu is excreted, for example 0.01% of the body burden ... giving him an initial body burden of 3.546 μCi total activity.[8] The fact that he had the highly radioactive Pu-238 (produced ... human tracer experiments began with the intent to determine how to properly analyze excretion samples to estimate body burden. ... Unlike the case of radium, which can be detected quite easily, there are no gamma rays to detect from outside the body. As long ...
... the rest of the female body remains rooted in immanence. Women simultaneously view their bodies as a burden and as something ... This further contributes to a woman viewing her own body as an object, because she does not have the autonomy to move her body ... Additionally, the parts of a body that move when performing a task are isolated from the rest of her body, which remains ... and On Female Body Experience: 'Throwing Like a Girl' and Other Essays (2005)). Al-Saji, Alia (2005). Review of On Female Body ...
... committed to undertake testing of their chemical body burdens. The second forum, the United Nations Champions Body Burden Forum ... Body Burden and 5 Gyres are the first of a series of Safe Planet films. These films contributed to the elevation of awareness ... The first UN Body Burden Forum featured UN Messenger of Peace and Nobel Peace Prize recipient Professor Wangari Maathai and UN ... The United Nations Body Burden Forum has introduced the Campaign's flagship human biomonitoring project. This project exposed ...
The highest body burdens were found in Western Europe in the 1970s and early 1980s, and the trends have been similar in the U.S ... Because dioxins are eliminated very slowly, the body burden accumulated during the whole lifetime is high compared with daily ... the body burden will increase almost over the whole lifetime. Therefore, the concentrations may increase five to tenfold from ... This has also led to decreases in human body burdens, which is neatly demonstrated by the decrease of dioxin concentrations in ...
Chris Burden and Dennis Oppenheim were pioneers in the relationship between body art and performance art, as well as the Zaj ... Chris Burden was an American artist working in performance, sculpture and installation art. Burden became known in the 1970s ... For artists in endurance performances "[q]uestioning the limits of their bodies," Tatiana A. Koroleva, Subversive Body in ... Cabañas, Kaira M. (1999). Ana Mendieta: "Pain of Cuba, Body I Am". Woman's Art Journal. 20. pp. 12-17. doi:10.2307/1358840.. ...
... either into or in contact with the bloodstream or normally sterile areas of the body and the term "semi-critical device" ... strengthening the registration process by shifting the burden of proof to the chemical manufacturer, (2) enforcing compliance ... includes any device which is introduced directly into the human body, ... membranes but which does not ordinarily penetrate the blood barrier or otherwise enter normally sterile areas of the body. ...
The body mass index cutoffs for when surgery is appropriate are not yet clear.[122] It is recommended that this option be ... systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013". BMJ. 354: i3857. doi:10.1136/ ... defined by a body mass index of greater than 25), lack of physical activity, poor diet, stress, and urbanization.[10][32] ... Excess body fat is associated with 30% of cases in those of Chinese and Japanese descent, 60-80% of cases in those of European ...
Alterations in body shape (lipodystrophy), colloquially known as "Crix belly"[6]. *Increased levels of Bilirubin,[7] causing ... Furthermore, it is no longer recommended to use in the United States for initial treatments due to pill burden and risk of ...
... of slightly increasing Democratic representation in legislative bodies, but would also give Utah an additional, probably ... traveling abroad as religious missionaries should be counted as residents and that the failure to do so imposed a burden on ...
Private higher education institutions are devoid of the burden of collective management. Their decisions are made by the rector ... This model incorporates a strict hierarchy of authority and a considerable degree of autonomy for its governing bodies. ... The senate and the faculty council are entirely advisory bodies which confer the academic degrees. Private institutions can ...
After S. pneumoniae colonizes the air sacs of the lungs, the body responds by stimulating the inflammatory response, causing ... "The persisting burden of invasive pneumococcal disease in HIV patients: an observational cohort study". BMC Infectious ... is generally made based on clinical suspicion along with a positive culture from a sample from virtually any place in the body ...
Wickramasinghe, Nira (2003). Dressing the Colonised Body: Politics, Clothing, and Identity in Sri Lanka. Orient Longman. p. 26 ... Recently, in a bid to lessen this burden on young learners, efforts have been made by educational institutions in the two main ... The dialect in the Chittagong region is least widely understood by the general body of Bengalis.[55] The majority of Bengalis ... which ultimately amounts to an increase in learning burden. ...
Esau, Katherine (2006) [1953]. Evert, Ray F (ed.). Esau's Plant Anatomy: Meristems, Cells, and Tissues of the Plant Body: Their ... although criticized as being unduly burdened with jargon.[58] ...
The burden of Cushing's disease (CD): clinical and health-related quality of life aspects (RA Feelders, SJ Pulgar, A Kempel, ... Cushing H: The Pituitary Body and its Disorders: Clinical States Produced by Disorders of the Hypophysis Cerebra. Philadelphia ... Cushing, Harvey (1932). "The basophil adenomas of the pituitary body and their clinical manifestations (pituitary basophilism ... Out of the 12 cases with hypercortisolism described in Cushing's monograph on the pituitary body, 67% died within a few years ...
"The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545-1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16) ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010". Lancet. 380 (9859): 2163-96. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12) ... some soldiers in tropical climates developed such severe and widespread tropical acne on their bodies that they were declared ...
In allogeneic transplants a combination of cyclophosphamide with total body irradiation is conventionally employed. This ... and reduce the burden of disability in some patients" that have aggressive highly active MS, "in the absence of chronic ... transplantation is the only transplant procedure in which the transplanted cells must accept the body rather than the body ... "Allogenic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation for multiple myeloma or plasma cell leukaemia using fractionated total body ...
... alcohol is also known to potentiate the insulin response of the human body to glucose, which, in essence, "instructs" the body ... "Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease ... Excessive daily calorie intake may contribute to an increase in body weight and "beer belly". In addition to the direct effect ...
A number of colleges were founded before the Civil War with all-female student bodies, including (among others, in addition to ... To help lessen the financial burden faced by families trying to educate their children, the National Youth Administration was ... supervising white faculty and a predominantly white student body at the Agassiz Grammar School in Cambridge.[54] ...
Allen DB (July 2006). "Growth hormone therapy for short stature: is the benefit worth the burden?". Pediatrics. 118 (1): 343-8 ... Disproportionate short stature can be further subdivided as specified by the body segments affected by shortening, namely limbs ... The anthropometric measurements include height, sitting height, arm span, upper/ lower-body segment ratio, sitting height/ ...
"Unjust burdens of proof". Nature. 459 (7248): 751. June 2009. Bibcode:2009Natur.459Q.751.. doi:10.1038/459751a. PMID 19516290. ... Palmer hypothesized that vertebral joint misalignments, which he termed vertebral subluxations, interfered with the body's ... although the body of literature is still weak.[106] A 2010 Cochrane review found low quality evidence that suggests cervical ... is the statutory governmental body responsible for the regulation of chiropractic in the UK.[175][176] The U.S. CCE requires a ...
The alkali metals all have the same crystal structure (body-centred cubic)[10] and thus the only relevant factors are the ... "Global burden of blood-pressure-related disease, 2001" (PDF). Lancet. 371 (9623): 1513-1518. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60655-8 ... This secondary hydrogen gas explosion produces the visible flame above the bowl of water, lake or other body of water, not the ... Due to their similar atomic radii, rubidium and caesium in the body mimic potassium and are taken up similarly. Rubidium has no ...
Therefore, many tracers that reach tumors in the body very easily would only reach brain tumors once there is a disruption of ... Radiotherapy may also be administered in cases of "low-grade" gliomas when a significant tumor burden reduction could not be ... This means that a cancerous neoplasm has developed in another organ elsewhere in the body and that cancer cells have leaked ... In cancers elsewhere in the body, three malignant properties differentiate benign tumors from malignant forms of cancer: benign ...
Willis, BM; Levy, BS (2002). "Child prostitution: global health burden, research needs, and interventions". Lancet. 359 (9315 ... "break the conscious link between mind and body" in order to function in these situations (Bales 221). By doing so, many ...
The bodies were picked over by vultures and dragged away by jackals. Sometimes this happened while the victim was still living. ... The Indian National Congress and many other groups staged protests denouncing the denial policies for placing draconian burdens ... was the continuing subdivision of landholdings and the chronic burden of indebtedness on the peasants, which left them by the ... to enlist India's full cooperation in the war by negotiating a peaceful transfer of political power to an elected Indian body; ...
Main articles: Work-family conflict, Double burden, and Work-life balance. Employees must balance their working lives with ... Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) involve injury and pain to the joints and muscles of the body. Approximately 2.5 million ... Differential associations of job control components with both waist circumference and body mass index. Social Science & ... The impact of work-related psychosocial stressors on the onset of musculoskeletal disorders in specific body regions: A review ...
A number of groups already have the power to bring collective or class actions: certain consumer associations, bodies legally ... Burden of proof. *. *Judgment. (As a matter of law (JMOL). *Renewed JMOL ... to permit the filing of suits on behalf of rights deprived sections of society by public minded individuals or bodies. Although ...
Apoptotic masses known as Councilman bodies appear in the cytoplasm of hepatocytes.[29][30] ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". The Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459-1544. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736( ...
Mark Harrison (2002). Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940-1945. p. 167. ISBN 978-0- ... It states that "Women who are educated, economically engaged, and in control of their own bodies can enjoy the freedom of ...
In the aftermath of a war that had for the first time properly engaged Sartre in political matters, he set forth a body of work ... The freedom that Kant exposed is here a strong burden, for the freedom to act towards objects is ultimately useless, and the ... Four days later the body was disinterred for cremation at Père-Lachaise Cemetery, and his ashes were reburied at the permanent ... In this way death emphasizes the burden of our free, individual existence. ...
Lack of facial expressions, mimics, or body gestures/responses. *Non-verbal gestures that could imply the visually impaired ... a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545-1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16) ...
"CIS: UN Body Takes On Rising Suicide Rates - Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty 2006". ... Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Jacobi, Frank (2005). "Size and burden of mental disorders in Europe-a critical review and appraisal of ...
肥胖指的是體脂肪過度堆積而對健康造成負面影響的身體狀態[8]:6。肥胖最初的定義以身體質量指數(Body Mass Index, BMI)為指標,之後也加入了其他標準,例如評估腰臀比或其他心血管病症風險因子[20][21]:14。BMI與體脂肪率和體脂肪 ... Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases Collaboration (BMI Mediated, Effects); Lu, Y; Hajifathalian, K; ... Chiolero A, Faeh D, Paccaud F, Cornuz J. Consequences of smoking for body weight, body
Edward I's body was brought south, lying in state at Waltham Abbey, before being buried in Westminster Abbey on 27 October.[227 ... Along with this came the burden of prises, seizure of wool and hides, and the unpopular additional duty on wool, dubbed the ... Ayloffe, J. (1786). "An Account of the Body of King Edward the First, as it appeared on opening his Tomb in the year 1774". ... Medieval manuscript showing Simon de Montfort's mutilated body at the field of Evesham ...
Practices such as triple gloving and multiple respirators do not provide a higher level of protection and present a burden to ... "Personal protective equipment for preventing highly infectious diseases due to exposure to contaminated body fluids in ...
The bodies were booby-trapped with an explosive mine which exploded as Martin's body was being cut down, injuring a British ... Britain, facing a deep economic crisis and heavily dependent on the United States, was facing a massive financial burden over ... A mine laid underneath exploded as one of the bodies was being cut down, injuring a British officer.[144][145] In a separate ... In what became known as the sergeants affair, the Irgun retaliated by killing Martin and Paice and hanging their bodies in a ...
This is the human body burden - the pollution in people that permeates everyone in the world, including babies in the womb. ... Substantial scientific evidence demonstrates that children face amplified risks from their body burden of pollution; the ... In light of the findings in this study and a substantial body of supporting science on the toxicity of early life exposures to ...
More and more people are demanding the right to know what chemicals are in their bodies. In California, a bill is being pushed ... Interest in body burden testing, or "biomonitoring", has spiked since the late 1990s, when scientists discovered that a type of ... First of all, its really hard to figure out the pathway of exposure by looking at your body burden levels. You just really ... She hopes a program for broad body burden testing might one day reveal why one in eight women in the United States develops ...
Body Burden. Body Burden. Every one of us carries residue in our bodies from exposures to man-made chemicals - exposures we ... In order to understand what chemicals we are exposed to and what effects they are having in our bodies, the science of bio- ...
The authors conclude that the data support an additive model for the body burden of acetone combined with MEK. ... JOCMA7; NIOSH-Author; Pharmacodynamics; Solvent-vapors; Ketones; Kinetics; Humans; In-vivo-studies; Body-burden; Blood-analysis ... MEK was more rapidly cleared from the body following exposure than was acetone. There was a consistent trend toward lower blood ... http://journals.lww.com/joem/Abstract/1987/29110/Body_Burden_Profiles_of_Single_and_Mixed_Solvent.7.aspx ...
Selection from Thinking the body as a basis, provocation and burden of life [Book] ... Cosmos Random Notes on the Thinking of the Body in China The reason why we have terrible vexations is that we have a body. … - ... Thinking the body as a basis, provocation and burden of life by Gert Melville, Carlos Ruta. ... Body - State - Cosmos. Random Notes on the Thinking of the Body in China. The reason why we have terrible vexations is that we ...
A cow grazing on PCB-laced feed will store the chemical in her body and excrete it in her milk, and humans too act as sinks for ... Ed Browns new movie Unacceptable Levels tells the story of chemicals in our bodies: how they get there, what it means to our ... Bioaccumulation happens when chemicals in food, water, and air end up getting stored in the body of a living thing. Thus, for a ... Last week, researchers found a host of toxic chemicals in the bodies of pregnant women throughout the U.S. Industry reps ...
Body Burden. Every one of us carries residue in our bodies from exposures to man-made chemicals - exposures we never consented ... or body burden studies, is emerging. Senate Bill No. 1379 CHAPTER 599 ... Do you feel called to stand for Future Generations? Do you believe the health of our bodies is intimately tied to the health of ... In order to understand what chemicals we are exposed to and what effects they are having in our bodies, the science of bio- ...
Active smoking is associated with increased body burden of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); the aim of this study was ... Active smoking is associated with increased body burden of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); the aim of this study was ... ETS Exposure and PAH Body Burden in Nonsmoking Italian Adults by Laura Campo ... ETS Exposure and PAH Body Burden in Nonsmoking Italian Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public ...
What is Body burden? Meaning of Body burden as a legal term. What does Body burden mean in law? ... Definition of Body burden in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... burden of easeeent, burden of going forward with evidence, burden of loss, burden of persuasion, burden of proof, burden upon ... Body burden legal definition of Body burden https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Body+burden ...
Maternal body burden of organochlorine pesticides and dioxins. This study investigated the body burden of organochlorine ... Most people are unaware that they carry chemical compounds in their bodies. Chemical Body Burden refers to the accumulation ... Biomonitoring: is body burden relevant to public health?. Biomonitoring is the study of the presence and concentration of ... Before birth, people normally carry a body burden inherited from their mothers. Scientists believe the typical human being ...
This is called our "body burden." The pollution is from chemicals getting dumped into our waterways, soil, and air. These ... Environmental Working Groups 2005 Study, "Body Burden-The Pollution in Newborns," found some horrifying results:. "Of the 287 ... "body burden." This series of articles will help you make decisions to reduce the chemicals in your childs blood as they grow ...
The increasing prevalence of excess body weight, which was responsible for approximately 3.9% of all cancers worldwide in 2012 ... Growing prevalence of excess body weight increasing global cancer burden. Sung H, et al. Ca Cancer J Clin. 2018;doi:10.3322/ ... Women have been found to have a higher cancer burden attributable to excess body weight than men (368,500 vs. 175,800 cases). ... Women have been found to have a higher cancer burden attributable to excess body weight than men (368,500 vs. 175,800 cases). ...
Duncan wrote about his body burden in a recent issue of National Geographic, and his report is a fair document of what kinds of ... A few years ago, this internal pollution was given the name Human Body Burden. It is quantified by measuring up to 700 ... David Ewing Duncan is a Bay area-based journalist who has been quantifying his body by getting his genes sequenced and blood ... Ive been researching how to quantify the level of exotic, synthetic chemicals which all our bodies pick up while living in a ...
As our series, A Bodys Burden, indicates: Chemically, we are much more than what we eat and drink. Were also what we breathe ... Our Bodys burden must be Addressed. April 14, 2005 , Staff , Toxic Exposure, Environmental Exposure ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began cataloging our bodies chemical burden in the 1990s. Ten years later, weve ... And, as test of the Hammond Holland family found, many reside in our bodies in varying quantities-with unknown effects. We ...
The Body Burden of Environmental Contaminants in a Vulnerable Population - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ... Exposure to Polluted Drinking Water: The Body Burden of Environmental Contaminants in a Vulnerable Population - Addis Ababa, ... and 50 community members who lived further from the Akaki River to help assess the body burden and health effects of exposure ...
Modified citrus pectin can help to deep clean the body to reduce body burden of these toxins that can lead to chronic disease, ... Modified Citrus Pectin Helps Reduce Body Burden Of Toxins. 2 months ago ... The brain and body was never designed to eliminate heavy metals and these chemicals from the body, the liver and kidneys cant ... When the body is not able to break down and eliminate these toxins they become stored in far reaches of the liver or in fat ...
after her own body burden analysis revealed more than three dozen chemicals. I wonder what my body burden test would reveal? I ... Alarming Body Burden Results: Tests Reveal 300 Chemical Compounds in Newborn Babies. From flame retardants to fossil fuels, ... Some parents have gone so far as to have their whole familys body burden tested. The results of one Oakland family were ... As mothers, we download our body burden of chemicals to our babies - across the placenta and breastfeeding. We need to be more ...
Toxic metal body burden was assessed by measuring urinary excretion of toxic metals, both before and after oral ... This study demonstrates a significant positive association between the severity of autism and the relative body burden of toxic ... This study investigated the relationship of childrens autism symptoms with their toxic metal body burden and red blood cell ( ... The Severity of Autism Is Associated with Toxic Metal Body Burden and Red Blood Cell Glutathione Levels,. Journal of ...
Body Burden and other films. Every person alive today carries approximately 250 chemicals within their body, chemicals that ... The world premiere of "Body Burden" is part of the Toronto Environmental Film & Video Festival http://www.planetinfocus.org tel ...
... within a persons body their body burden.. Body burden is just a number - a concentration in parts per billion or micrograms ... When scientists start taking about body burden, I think about real bodies - my own and my childrens. ... body burdens have decreased since they were last measured. Thats great news. It means that the pollution of our bodies, like ... If a lower body burden seems like a sensible, desirable thing, then we are going to need to limit the chemicals to which we ...
The aim of this study was to establish an international cohort of patients with quantified whole-body internal tumor burden and ... "Quantitative Assessment of Whole-Body Tumor Burden in Adult Patients with Neurofibromatosis." Edited by Karl Herholz. PLoS ONE ... Quantitative Assessment of Whole-Body Tumor Burden in Adult Patients with Neurofibromatosis. ... We determined the number, volume, and distribution of internal nerve sheath tumors in patients using whole-body MRI (WBMRI) and ...
CDC Body Burden Study Finds Widespread Pesticide Exposure. July 22, 2005. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ... A body burden study released last week by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) reported findings similar to the CDC study, ... Sources: CDC National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals,http://www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/; Body Burden, The ... Organochlorines are known to persist in the environment, build up in peoples bodies, and are passed from mother to child in ...
"Chemical body burden" researchers and advocates raise questions about biomonitoring studies and hazards regulations. ... "Chemical body burden" researchers and advocates raise questions about biomonitoring studies and hazards regulations. ... WASHINGTON-The catchphrase chemical body burden, or the presence of hazardous chemicals and their residues in humans, has ... Part of the confusion stems from the fact that it is unclear how hazardous chemicals get into homes or the bodies of residents ...
... Lancet Oncol. 2015 Jan;16(1):36- ... Background: High body-mass index (BMI; defined as 25 kg/m(2) or greater) is associated with increased risk of cancer. To inform ... PAFs were greater in women than in men (5.4% vs 1.9%). The burden of attributable cases was higher in countries with very high ... the continuation of current patterns of population weight gain will lead to continuing increases in the future burden of cancer ...
In this instance, a mass of body fat might be 40% of 70 kg, or 28,000 g. Given the same total body burden in two individuals ... A normal body mass index (BMI) of 25 corresponds to a range of 20-25% body fat [27]. Individuals with BMI of 35 may have a body ... When body fat was expressed as percent of body mass, the half-life doubled from approximately 4 to 8 years when percent body ... be related to sequelae of persistent body burdens.. Presumably the fraction of an OC stored in the body that undergoes ...
The bone sites of study were the tibia and calcaneus; magnitudes of concentration were used to gauge lead body burden. Whole ... Home » Accumulated body burden and endogenous release of lead in employees of a lead smelter ... Accumulated body burden and endogenous release of lead in employees of a lead smelter. ...
"Body burden"-also called the internal or absorbed dose-is the amount of chemical compound present in the human body at a given ... Recent research indicates that all human beings carry varying amounts of chemicals in our bodies, with health effects that are ... A number of studies have used biomonitoring techniques to determine levels of chemicals in the body and concerns have emerged ... It measures contact with and absorption of toxic chemicals in the body through detection in human blood, urine, semen, amniotic ...
Urinary Thymidine Dimer as a Marker of Total Body Burden of UV-Inflicted DNA Damage in Humans. Natalia Kotova, Kari Hemminki ... Analysis of such repair products in the urine could serve as a biomarker of total body burden of UV exposure. The aim of this ... If normalized for dose and body surface area, the individual levels varied from 2.0 to 9.3 pmol per J/m2 per m2 body surface ... Urinary Thymidine Dimer as a Marker of Total Body Burden of UV-Inflicted DNA Damage in Humans ...
You might be suffering from toxic burden. Click here to find out more... ... Toxic Burden: The Hidden Cause Behind Many Diseases!. Posted by Keith Scott-Mumby , Blog, Body Wellness , 0 , ... There comes a point that the level of toxic burden in your tissues overwhelms your bodys ability to quarantine, destroy, or ... There comes a point that the level of toxic burden in your tissues overwhelms your bodys ability to quarantine, destroy, or ...
Teens Cosmetic & Beauty Products Use Results in Body Burden of Toxic Chemicals Says EWG. September 25, 2008 by Jennifer ... The Environmental Working Group released a report yesterday documenting that US teens are carrying a body burden of hormone ... Teens Turning Green has a greener body care product line aimed at teens now available at Whole Foods (coming soon to Los ...
  • Scientists call the accumulation of chemical contaminants - like PCBs, mercury, and pesticides - within a person's body their body burden. (climateinteractive.org)
  • For the chemicals lead, DDT, PCBs and hexachlorobenzene - all chemicals that have been banned or strictly regulated in the US - body burdens have decreased since they were last measured. (climateinteractive.org)
  • Some chemicals, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins, and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) are considered "persistent," remaining in the body for long periods of time as they adhere to fatty tissue. (cwhn.ca)
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the UK population: estimated intake, exposure and body burden. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Theoretical body burdens and body fat concentrations of selected PCB congeners were derived for the UK population, based on the estimated contemporary human daily intake of PCBs and a number of assumptions. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • When planning treatments against diabetes, the body burden of PCBs and dioxins should be carefully considered, especially for women. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxins are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) with long half-lives in the human body, and they may act as endocrine disruptors and exhibit endocrine system effects ( 1 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Maternal body burdens of PCBs (N = 281) were estimated from serum lipid PCB concentrations in late pregnancy, and PCDD/F ( N = 97) and PBDE ( N = 186) body burdens were estimated from concentrations in mother's milk lipids 3 weeks after delivery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • PCBs are widespread environmental contaminants and most people have detectable levels of PCBs in their bodies. (aacrjournals.org)
  • To investigate contamination levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans ( PCDD /Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl- PCBs ) in human breast milk from Beijing residents, and evaluate the human body burden of PCDD /Fs and dl- PCBs of general population . (bvsalud.org)
  • However, with the rapid industrialization in China , the human body burden of PCDD /Fs and dl- PCBs will be likely to rise. (bvsalud.org)
  • First of all, it's really hard to figure out the pathway of exposure by looking at your body burden levels. (loe.org)
  • MEK was more rapidly cleared from the body following exposure than was acetone. (cdc.gov)
  • From June 24-July 7, 2011, the HS team collected questionnaire data, drinking water, urine, and blood samples from 100 community members who lived in close proximity to the Akaki River, and 50 community members who lived further from the Akaki River to help assess the body burden and health effects of exposure to water from the Akaki River among residents of the Akaki-Kaliti sub city. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) yesterday released its Third National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, finding that more than 90% of U.S. residents carry a mixture of pesticides in their bodies. (panna.org)
  • Children, who are particularly vulnerable to the effects of pesticide exposure, had higher levels of some pesticides in their bodies than adults. (panna.org)
  • Although effort is underway to reduce the exposure of people to OCs, this work toward decreasing environmental levels will presumably not produce a significant reduction in the levels in the biosphere in the immediate future and does not address the bioaccumulated burden already present in many individuals. (hindawi.com)
  • Analysis of such repair products in the urine could serve as a biomarker of total body burden of UV exposure. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Some food types were identified to be associated with phthalate body burden and diet might be a source of phthalate exposure among Chinese schoolchildren. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, in developing countries where higher risk of exposure to foods contaminated by phthalates might exist, studies are still scarce in investigating how dietary intake relates with phthalate body burden in vulnerable group such as children in quantified ways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Considering the wide range of phthalate contamination in daily food and the higher risk of exposure to phthalates for children compared to for adults, this study intended to assess the phthalate body burden through dietary intake focusing on school-age children in China. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Silver ions (Ag + ) released from AgNPs are supposed to be the major pathway leading to body burden following exposure to test media containing AgNPs. (springer.com)
  • We do have challenges to overcome like rapid urbanization, lack of multisectorial policy making, lack of finance for research and development and lack of monitoring exposure to health burden from air pollution. (springer.com)
  • 1-2 analyte], its metabolite, or another marker of exposure in human body fluids or tissues to confirm human exposure to a hazardous substance [also see exposure investigation]. (cdc.gov)
  • Testing of persons to find out whether a change in a body function might have occurred because of exposure to a hazardous substance. (cdc.gov)
  • If silicone sequesters toxicants throughout implantation, it may represent a history of exposure and potentially reduce the body burden of toxicants influencing the risk of adverse health outcomes such as breast cancer. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The presence of asbestos bodies (ABs) in lung parenchyma is considered a histopathologic hallmark of past exposure to asbestos fibers, of which there was a population of longer fibers. (cdc.gov)
  • Fingernail has been suggested as a biomarker of fluoride (F) body burden , but there is no consensus if it would be a reliable indicator of F exposure from dentifrice . (bvsalud.org)
  • Significant dose-dependent correlations between cumulative exposure to Hg from dental amalgams and urinary porphyrins associated with Hg body-burden (pentacarboxyporphyrin, precoproporphyrin, and coproporphyrin) were observed. (chemweb.com)
  • The Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of exposure to anticholinergic and sedative medications, has been independently associated with physical and cognitive function in a cross-sectional analysis of community-dwelling older persons participating in the Health, Aging and Body Composition study. (nih.gov)
  • The global burden is calculated in terms of disability adjusted life years and takes into account mild mental retardation and cardiovascular symptoms due to lead exposure. (medindia.net)
  • The highest burden of lead exposure (99%) occurs in low and middle-income countries. (medindia.net)
  • Last week, researchers found a host of toxic chemicals in the bodies of pregnant women throughout the U.S. Industry reps quickly trotted out their favorite messages in response: "Chemicals are a fact of modern life," "just because toxins are in your body doesn't mean they'll hurt you," and "the levels are too low to matter - researchers have new tools that can measure extremely low levels. (panna.org)
  • Every day, your body fights against the myriad of toxins you're exposed to. (alternative-doctor.com)
  • Previously on The Quantified Body, we looked specifically at toxicity issues surrounding mercury and lead and today we are going to look more broadly at other metal toxins and chemical toxins which are all around us in our everyday lives. (thequantifiedbody.net)
  • How and why toxins accumulate in the body (15:20). (thequantifiedbody.net)
  • An organic molecule that contains four sulphur groups - active sites that bind to toxins and remove them from the body. (thequantifiedbody.net)
  • It takes time to remove the chemicals and toxins - but it is 'right now' that you can reduce putting garbage into your body. (mthfr.net)
  • Body burden is a popular term used by environmental scientists to describe the total accumulation of toxins in our bodies or pollution in people! (sfbayview.com)
  • These toxic chemicals are your "body burden" - the amount of chemicals, toxins, and other pollutants in your body at any given point. (kangenwell.com)
  • Full Body Burden - Growing Up in the Nuclear Shadow of Rocky Flats", the story of the nuclear weapons plant at Rocky Flats, Colorado, is a tale of government and industry denial and cover-up, corporate greed, a public health and environmental contamination scandal. (blogspot.ch)
  • Full Body Burden is Kristen Iversen's story of growing up in a small Colorado town close to Rocky Flats, a secret nuclear weapons plant. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • Chemical by chemical, the report documents the average concentration of contaminants in the bodies of the people studied. (climateinteractive.org)
  • Clinical studies are currently underway to determine the efficacy of using non-absorbable fats and inhibitors of fat absorption in facilitating the elimination of persistent body burdens of OCs and other lipophilic human contaminants. (hindawi.com)
  • We performed two sets of MRAs using body burden data for adults based on serum concentrations for individual congeners reported by two studies. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • the use of multiple biological media in conjunction with the complementary PCA and CA approaches for constructing composite variables allowed a more detailed understanding of both the sources of the essential and toxic elements in body fluids and the dependencies of their observed concentrations on age, sex, community and diet. (rsc.org)
  • PCB body burdens and adipose tissue concentrations were generally predicted to increase with age. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • However, adipose concentrations increased at a slower rate in the older population, due to a dilution effect caused by the increase in body fat weight with age. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Theoretical body burdens and adipose tissue concentrations (not accounting for any metabolic losses) were below the actual values measured for the contemporary Welsh population by between a factor of 2.5 and 4. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Linear regression models allowed for covariate adjustment of the associations between ln-transformed POP body burdens and concentrations of TH and anti-TPO. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Over all studies with total Ag concentrations ranging from 0.85 to 68.70 µg/L, significant effects of the AgNPs were only observed in the survival of test animals exposed to tap water containing the highest Ag concentration (62.59 µg/L). Accumulation of silver in the body of test animals was clearly dependent on the pretreatment of the AgNPs. (springer.com)
  • Most people are unaware that they carry chemical compounds in their bodies. (beyondpesticides.org)
  • Many individuals maintain a persistent body burden of organochlorine compounds (OCs) as well as other lipophilic compounds, largely as a result of airborne and dietary exposures. (hindawi.com)
  • In 2002, a study called "The Body Burden" found dangerously high levels of toxic compounds in body fluids of human volunteers. (sfbayview.com)
  • Author of Green Goes with Everything: Simple Steps to a Healthier Life and a Cleaner Planet , Sloane Barnet recently wrote in the Huffington Post , "Most Americans, including children, have dozens of pesticides and other toxic compounds in their bodies, many of them linked to health threats. (kangenwell.com)
  • Women have been found to have a higher cancer burden attributable to excess body weight than men (368,500 vs. 175,800 cases). (healio.com)
  • To inform public health policy and future research, we estimated the global burden of cancer attributable to high BMI in 2012. (nih.gov)
  • Prüss-Üstün et al - Estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to contaminated sharps injuries among health-care workers This is a preprint of an. (pdflog.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of disease attributable to excess body weight using the body mass index (BMI), by age and sex, in South Africa in 2000. (uwc.ac.za)
  • Population attributable fractions were calculated and applied to revised burden of disease estimates. (uwc.ac.za)
  • Once in the body, stored OCs can mobilize from adipose tissue storage sites and, along with circulating OCs, are delivered into the small intestine via hepatic processing and biliary transport. (hindawi.com)
  • In the latest entry of a growing body of evidence, scientists announced last week that pyrethroid pesticides - now in hundreds of pest control products sold for home use - can interfere with the healthy development of an infant's nervous system when moms are exposed during pregnancy. (panna.org)
  • Chemical 'Body Burden' refers to the accumulation of synthetic chemicals found in pesticides, cosmetics, industrial solvents, heavy metals, etc in our bodies. (beyondpesticides.org)
  • It was Monsanto who created Agent Orange, and who continues to poison our earth and our bodies with pesticides, and genetically modified foods that have leaked into every avenue of our food sources. (care2.com)
  • Ed Brown's new movie Unacceptable Levels tells the story of chemicals in our bodies: how they get there, what it means to our health, how in the world it can be legal, and what we can do about it. (panna.org)
  • If we start with 300 chemicals in our bodies, imagine the bioaccumulation that occurs over our lifetimes. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • Recent research indicates that all human beings carry varying amounts of chemicals in our bodies, with health effects that are not yet known. (cwhn.ca)
  • Biomonitoring is a research tool that measures levels of chemicals in our bodies by analyzing samples of blood, tissue, urine, hair and breast milk using mass spectrometry. (sfbayview.com)
  • Interest in body burden testing, or "biomonitoring", has spiked since the late 1990s, when scientists discovered that a type of chemical flame retardants - called PBDES - had rapidly been building up in animals and humans. (loe.org)
  • A cow grazing on PCB-laced feed will store the chemical in her body and excrete it in her milk, and humans too act as sinks for all kinds of chemicals . (panna.org)
  • WASHINGTON-The catchphrase 'chemical body burden,' or the presence of hazardous chemicals and their residues in humans, has started to be teased apart by researchers and environmental health advocates in recent years. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The lower chlorinated congener No. 28 is more readily removed from the body and is predicted to reach an equilibrium concentration in humans. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of using whole body cardiovascular MRI (WB-CVMR) to compare South Asians (SA) - a population known to have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) but paradoxically lower prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) - and Western Europeans (WE).METHODS: 19 SA and 38 age, gender and BMI matched WE were recruited. (dundee.ac.uk)
  • Many chemicals are broken down in our bodies and their metabolites are eliminated, but others linger in our bodies for a lifetime and can increase our risk for certain diseases such as cancer and Parkinson's disease . (beyondpesticides.org)
  • Many OCs and their metabolites exit the body very slowly, resulting in long-storage half-lives. (hindawi.com)
  • Is the safe level different for children - who eat and respire more per pound of body weight - than for adults? (climateinteractive.org)
  • Conclusions: Adults with dyslipidemia versus normal lipid levels have consistently higher levels and distinct life-course trajectories of BMI, suggesting that the impact of excessive body weight on dyslipidemia originates in early life. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Arsenic within the body has been shown by research from Dartmouth to accumulate by eating as little as a half cup of rice a day leading to 53% more arsenic being found in the body. (worldhealth.net)
  • When the arsenic over burdened his liver, every single toxin he came in contact with was given free rein in his organs and tissue. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Worse, we have a double burden of both pollutants and diseases. (whitelung.org)
  • It is clear that the interruption of absorption of OCs from the intestinal lumen into the systemic circulation can reduce the accumulation of OCs in the body. (hindawi.com)
  • Accumulation of silver in the animals exposed to the different treatments was apparent, whereby silver ions (Ag + ) released from AgNPs were supposed to be the major pathway leading to body burden. (springer.com)
  • This toxin has no odor or colour and is almost impossible to detect that harms the body slowly and insidiously making one sicker and sicker until it's too late. (worldhealth.net)
  • Our skin is a reflection of our inner health, including but not limited to toxin burden, immune dysfunction, infection, gastrointestinal health, and several nutrient insufficiencies. (ndnr.com)
  • Controlling global rates of obesity is one of nine key initiatives WHO is undertaking to reduce the burden of cancer and other noncommunicable diseases. (healio.com)
  • Toxic Burden: The Hidden Cause Behind Many Diseases! (alternative-doctor.com)
  • The diagnosis and treatment of these common and preventable chronic diseases places a significant burden on National Health Service budgets. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • However, little is known about the true (non-estimated) impact of body mass index (BMI) on the inpatient and outpatient health care costs for these adiposity-associated chronic diseases. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • National Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, Burden of Diseases in India. (springer.com)
  • Any one of a group of diseases that occur when cells in the body become abnormal and grow or multiply out of control. (cdc.gov)
  • Microtechniques for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) body burden and total lipid analysis were developed and applied to determine the first lipid-normalized bioaccumulation factors for a hydrophobic organic toxicant in a meiobenthic organism (0.063-0.500 mm) living in field-contaminated sediments. (duke.edu)
  • The aim of this study was to establish an international cohort of patients with quantified whole-body internal tumor burden and to correlate tumor burden with clinical features of disease. (harvard.edu)
  • Do fish growth rates correlate with PCB body burdens? (usda.gov)
  • Maternal body burden of PCDD/Fs were inversely associated with first trimester total T3. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our results suggest that maternal PCDD/F and BDE-153 body burdens influence maternal TH status in early pregnancy, which is a critical period when maternal TH status influences fetal development. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The microtechnique for body burden analysis quantifies PAHs from tissue samples containing as little as 10 pg PAH. (duke.edu)
  • Every one of us carries residue in our bodies from exposures to man-made chemicals - exposures we never consented to. (sehn.org)
  • Body burden profiles of single and mixed solvent exposures. (cdc.gov)
  • A body burden study released last week by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) reported findings similar to the CDC study, focusing specifically on chemical exposures infants received before they were born. (panna.org)
  • A two-year investigation by EHN set out to close some of those gaps by measuring chemical exposures in residents' air, water, and bodies. (ehn.org)
  • Efforts to reduce the individual and societal burden of diabetes should include educating clinicians on environmental exposures that may increase disease risk, strategies to reduce those exposures, and social policies to address environmental inequality as a novel source of diabetes disparities. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Traditional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has limited ability to assess disease burden accurately. (harvard.edu)
  • Objective: Segmentation of whole-body MRI (WBMRI) to assess the feasibility, quantitate the total tumor volume (tumor burden) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and examine associations with demographic, disease-related and anthropomorphic features. (elsevier.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began cataloging our bodies chemical burden in the 1990s. (beasleyallen.com)
  • To determine the feasibility of using whole body cardiovascular MRI (WB-CVMR) to compare South Asians (SA) - a population known to have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) but paradoxically lower prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) - and Western Europeans (WE). (dundee.ac.uk)
  • Whole body cardiovascular MRI (WB-CVMR) can quantify cardiac and atheroma burden, and can detect differences in these metrics between ethnic groups that, if validated, may suggest that the paradoxical high risk of CVD compared with PVD risk may be due to an adverse cardiac haemodynamic status incurred by the smaller heart rather than atherosclerosis. (dundee.ac.uk)
  • Background: Data are limited regarding the association of cumulative burden and trajectory of body mass index (BMI) from early life with adult lipid disorders. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In contrast, the higher chlorinated No. 153 was predicted to accumulate in the body throughout life. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • This is the human 'body burden' - the pollution in people that permeates everyone in the world, including babies in the womb. (ewg.org)
  • Her test results are consistent with other studies in the United States and Europe that chart the intrusion of the Industrial Age on the human body. (loe.org)
  • A few years ago, this internal pollution was given the name Human Body Burden. (quantifiedself.com)
  • Body burden"-also called the internal or absorbed dose-is the amount of chemical compound present in the human body at a given point in time. (cwhn.ca)
  • For the most part, the human body is effective and efficient at flushing impurities. (alternative-doctor.com)
  • There hasn't been one conclusive study to prove that fluoride benefits oral health long-term while hundreds of studies have proven the damaging effects of fluoride to the human body. (alternative-doctor.com)
  • Toxic chemicals, both naturally occurring and man-made, often get into the human body. (grandstrandorganics.com)
  • Body Burden is the total amount of naturally-occurring and man-made chemicals that are present now in the human body. (mthfr.net)
  • Thyroid hormones (THs) regulate many biological functions in the human body and are essential for normal brain development. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thyroid hormones (THs) regulate a wide array of biological functions in the human body, including metabolism and development. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A human body can handle some heavy metals. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The amount of radiation to which a member of the general population is exposed from natural sources, such as terrestrial radiation from naturally occurring radionuclides in the soil, cosmic radiation originating from outer space, and naturally occurring radionuclides deposited in the human body. (cdc.gov)
  • This study investigated the relationship of children's autism symptoms with their toxic metal body burden and red blood cell (RBC) glutathione levels. (hindawi.com)
  • If you suffer from bizarre symptoms that seem to have no identifiable cause, your body could be dealing with the effects of toxic burden . (alternative-doctor.com)
  • Symptoms of toxic burden could happen fairly quickly (as with food intolerance) or could take decades to appear (as with heavy metals or fluoride). (alternative-doctor.com)
  • Conventional therapy for eczema treats the specific symptoms and does not take into account the total body burden that may be contributing to its development, nor does it investigate the cause of the eczema in individual patients. (ndnr.com)
  • were a dominant determinant of differentials in total parasite body burden among species and locations. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A total of 103 hazardous chemicals showed up in lab results conducted on her body. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Ten individuals used the solarium for a total of 35 sessions of body tanning. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Urinary excreted T = T could therefore serve as a more generally applicable biomarker of DNA damage from UV, reflecting the total body dose. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated as a measure of long-term burden (total AUC) and trends (incremental AUC) of BMI. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Maternal body burden of BDE-153 was inversely associated with first trimester total T3, otherwise no associations between PBDEs and first and second trimester THs were observed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The total amount of a substance in the body. (cdc.gov)
  • If a provider is performing a provocative excretion test, or "chelation challenge", a measurement obtained from urine rather than blood is likely to provide a more accurate representation of total lead burden to a skilled interpreter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Do you believe the health of our bodies is intimately tied to the health of our communities, ecosystems, and our political systems? (sehn.org)
  • The chemicals we found in the air and water-and inside of people's bodies-are linked to a wide range of harmful health impacts, from skin and respiratory irritation to organ damage and increased cancer risk. (ehn.org)
  • Anthropometric measures, including body weight and standing height, were assessed by trained health workers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In their own words "The information on this site has been developed through the collaboration of health professionals, scientists, citizens groups and environmental organizations concerned about the chemical body burden we all carry and its health effects - known and unknown. (grandstrandorganics.com)
  • Our pure organic products will enhance your health, while most over the counter personal care products contain chemicals which add to your body burden. (grandstrandorganics.com)
  • The legacy of this widespread pollution will continue to burden current and future generations as more is discovered about its impact on the health of people and our environment. (cleanwateraction.org)
  • In 2003, a network of public health, faith, labor and environmental groups known as the California Body Burden Campaign championed legislation to establish a biomonitoring program. (sfbayview.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the importance of recognising excess body weight as a major risk to health, particularly among females, highlighting the need to develop, implement and evaluate comprehensive interventions to achieve lasting change in the determinants and impact of excess body weight. (uwc.ac.za)
  • A change in body function or the structures of cells that can lead to disease or health problems. (cdc.gov)
  • Here we evaluate the association between DBI and functional outcomes in Health, Aging and Body Composition study participants over 5 years. (nih.gov)
  • in other words, the health effects become more pronounced as the amount of lead in the body increases. (medindia.net)
  • Accidental or intentional trauma from foreign bodies represents a large chunk of the preventable injury health care burden. (acsh.org)
  • Lead is believed to result in 0.6% of the world's disease burden. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists believe the typical human being hosts close to 500 chemicals in various compartments in the body, mostly in fatty tissue. (beyondpesticides.org)
  • When scientists start taking about body burden, I think about real bodies - my own and my children's. (climateinteractive.org)
  • The findings suggest that fingernail may not be a reliable F biomarker of body burden from dentifrice . (bvsalud.org)
  • No associations were found between maternal PBDE body burdens and infant THs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study explored the relationship of maternal body composition parameters to the birth weight of the offspring. (nature.com)
  • Maternal anthropometric parameters (weight, height) and body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were measured in 76 women from low-income group during 12-21 days postpartum. (nature.com)
  • A study was therefore carried out to explore the role of maternal body composition on the birth weight of the newborn. (nature.com)
  • Trends for proportions were also calculated across tertiles of maternal body composition parameters using χ 2 test. (nature.com)
  • Babies should not be born with 300 chemicals already present in their little bodies! (ecochildsplay.com)
  • I've been researching how to quantify the level of exotic, synthetic chemicals which all our bodies pick up while living in a manufactured world. (quantifiedself.com)
  • Therefore, our aim was to apply factor analytic methods to radiographic OA (rOA) grades across multiple joint sites, representing both presence and severity, to quantify the burden of rOA. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Organochlorines are known to persist in the environment, build up in people's bodies, and are passed from mother to child in the womb and through breastfeeding. (panna.org)
  • There is a large body of evidence linking elevated levels of OCs to the risk of disease such as diabetes and hypertension [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Understanding the complete array of factors that contribute to racial and ethnic differences in the pathogenesis of metabolic disease is critical for addressing the disproportionate burden of diabetes in communities of color. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • As mothers, we download our body burden of chemicals to our babies - across the placenta and breastfeeding. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • A number of studies have used biomonitoring techniques to determine levels of chemicals in the body and concerns have emerged around disclosing results. (cwhn.ca)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Body burden. (who.int)
  • A standardized atherosclerotic score (SAS) was calculated from the WBA, while indexed left ventricular mass and volumes were calculated from the CMR.RESULTS: SAs exhibited a significantly lower iliofemoral atheroma burden (regional SAS 0.0±0.0 vs 1.9±6.9, p=0.048) and a trend towards lower overall atheroma burden (WB SAS 0.7±0.8 vs 1.8±2.3, p=0.1). (dundee.ac.uk)
  • Doyle: Bill Moyers was one of the folks who picked up on the Centers for Disease Control's body burden issue in the spring of 2001. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Over the past decade agencies like the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have been tracking chemical burden in the general public by analyzing blood and urine. (beyondpesticides.org)
  • This is particularly problematic in the setting of systemic factors, such as functional disability, performance-based outcomes requiring the use of multiple joint sites, serum/urine biomarkers, and genetics, which are necessarily a reflection of the whole-body burden of OA and the impact of that burden on the individual. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The sample ( n = 2092) had a mean age of 65 ± 11 years, body mass index (BMI) 31 ± 7 kg/m 2 , with 33% men and 34% African Americans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • LOBET: Patton's body, it turned out, contained 105 of the 210 metals and synthetic chemicals researchers tested for. (loe.org)
  • The researchers pointed out, however, that economic growth is not necessarily associated with excess body weight. (healio.com)
  • The rapid increase in both the prevalence of excess body weight and the associated cance rburden highlights the need for a rejuvenated focus on identifying, implementing, and evaluating interventions to prevent and control excess body weight," the researchers wrote. (healio.com)
  • Avoiding products which contain EDCs for just three days can help to reduce levels of these harmful chemicals in the body, a new study led by researchers from the University of California, Berkeley has shown. (breastcanceruk.org.uk)
  • LOBET: As Sharyle Patton sat in a tiny clinic room watching her blood fill yet another vial, she mused that after years as an activist lobbying against persistent chemicals, she would finally learn her own chemical fingerprint -- what had built up in her body over a lifetime. (loe.org)
  • Drawing on personal stories of individuals who have had their chemical body burdens tested, she described how migrant farm workers in California had developed a strong activist community as a result of biomonitoring. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If you are thinking about having a baby, if you are pregnant, or if you just had a baby, consider taking action to reduce your baby's chemical "body burden. (more.com)
  • Today, I came across a really good website about the chemical burden that all of us carry in our bodies. (grandstrandorganics.com)
  • Moreover, approximately 3.9% of all cancers (544,300 cases) in 2012 were linked to excess body weight, with percentages varying from less than 1% in low-income countries to 7% or 8% in high-income Western nations and Middle Eastern and North African countries. (healio.com)
  • A report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group on Body Fatness states that adequate evidence exists to make a causal association between excess body weight and increased risk for 13 cancers. (healio.com)
  • This study demonstrates a significant positive association between the severity of autism and the relative body burden of toxic metals. (hindawi.com)
  • This study investigates the possible relationship of the severity of autism to the relative body burden of toxic metals. (hindawi.com)
  • Since the study, levels of PFCs in study participants' bodies have decreased over time due to the provision of clean drinking water. (cleanwateraction.org)
  • This study highlights the importance of increasing lean body mass in young women for better pregnancy outcome. (nature.com)
  • Toxic metal body burden was assessed by measuring urinary excretion of toxic metals, both before and after oral dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). (hindawi.com)
  • The individual burden of toxic metals was assessed based on urinary excretion, both before and after taking oral dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). (hindawi.com)
  • Assuming that the association between high BMI and cancer is causal, the continuation of current patterns of population weight gain will lead to continuing increases in the future burden of cancer. (nih.gov)
  • Part of the confusion stems from the fact that it is unclear how hazardous chemicals get into homes or the bodies of residents. (scientificamerican.com)
  • We determined the number, volume, and distribution of internal nerve sheath tumors in patients using whole-body MRI (WBMRI) and three-dimensional computerized volumetry. (harvard.edu)
  • We quantified the distribution of tumor volume across body regions and used unsupervised cluster analysis to group patients based on tumor distribution. (harvard.edu)
  • Where detoxification currently falls within the spectrum of functional, conventional and integrative medicine and Dr. Fitzgerald's basic approach to addressing toxic burden in patients (8:34). (thequantifiedbody.net)
  • A genetic variant of NLRP1 gene is associated with asbestos body burden in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. (cdc.gov)
  • Tumor volume was unevenly distributed across body regions with overrepresentation of the head/neck and pelvis. (harvard.edu)
  • The Environmental Working Group released a report yesterday documenting that US teens are carrying a body burden of hormone disrupting chemicals commonly used in cosmetics and other beauty care products. (thesmartmama.com)
  • The Environmental Working Group has also helped raise awareness and document the industrial chemicals that are present in our bodies (such as BPA, carcinogens, teratogens, etc)-from the elderly to unborn babies. (kangenwell.com)
  • One environmental factor that has received significant attention is the body burden of mercury, lead, and other toxic metals [ 1 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • 5 ] investigated the body burden of toxic metals by giving dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), an oral chelation medication approved by the FDA for treating infantile lead poisoning. (hindawi.com)
  • magnitudes of concentration were used to gauge lead body burden. (ebscohost.com)
  • Polymorphisms of genes related to metabolism of lead (Pb) are associated with the metal body burden and with biomarkers of oxidative stress. (cdc.gov)
  • It is not possible to predict the exact amount of lead, below which there will be no harmful effects on the body. (medindia.net)
  • Lead poisoning, also known as plumbism and saturnism, is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major treatments are removal of the source of lead and the use of medications that bind lead so it can be eliminated from the body, known as chelation therapy. (wikipedia.org)