A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.
A family of gram-positive bacteria found regularly in the mouth and intestinal tract of man and other animals, in food and dairy products, and in fermenting vegetable juices. A few species are highly pathogenic.
An order of gram-positive bacteria in the class Bacilli, that have the ability to ferment sugars to lactic acid. They are widespread in nature and commonly used to produce fermented foods.
A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria whose growth is dependent on the presence of a fermentable carbohydrate. It is nonpathogenic to plants and animals, including humans.
A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria whose growth is dependent on the presence of a fermentable carbohydrate. No endospores are produced. Its organisms are found in fermenting plant products and are nonpathogenic to plants and animals, including humans.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Salts or esters of LACTIC ACID containing the general formula CH3CHOHCOOR.
A species of rod-shaped, LACTIC ACID bacteria used in PROBIOTICS and SILAGE production.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria mainly isolated from milk and milk products. These bacteria are also found in plants and nonsterile frozen and dry foods. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS (group N), it is now recognized as a separate genus.
A non-pathogenic species of LACTOCOCCUS found in DAIRY PRODUCTS and responsible for the souring of MILK and the production of LACTIC ACID.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of humans and animals, the human mouth, and vagina. This organism produces the fermented product, acidophilus milk.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria. capable of producing LACTIC ACID. It is important in the manufacture of fermented dairy products.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped LACTIC ACID bacteria that is frequently used as starter culture in SILAGE fermentation, sourdough, and lactic-acid-fermented types of beer and wine.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A species of thermophilic, gram-positive bacteria found in MILK and milk products.
A rod-shaped bacterium isolated from milk and cheese, dairy products and dairy environments, sour dough, cow dung, silage, and human mouth, human intestinal contents and stools, and the human vagina.
A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.
A family of gram-positive non-sporing bacteria including many parasitic, pathogenic, and saprophytic forms.
Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)
A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
Substances elaborated by specific strains of bacteria that are lethal against other strains of the same or related species. They are protein or lipopolysaccharide-protein complexes used in taxonomy studies of bacteria.
Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.
Product of the oxidation of ethanol and of the destructive distillation of wood. It is used locally, occasionally internally, as a counterirritant and also as a reagent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria associated with DENTAL CARIES.
A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.
Acidosis caused by accumulation of lactic acid more rapidly than it can be metabolized. It may occur spontaneously or in association with diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; LEUKEMIA; or LIVER FAILURE.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Milk modified with controlled FERMENTATION. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KAFFIR CORN.
Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
A genus of gram-positive, asporogenous, lactic acid bacteria, in the family LEUCONOSTOCACEAE.
Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.
A tetrameric enzyme that, along with the coenzyme NAD+, catalyzes the interconversion of LACTATE and PYRUVATE. In vertebrates, genes for three different subunits (LDH-A, LDH-B and LDH-C) exist.
A genus of GRAM-POSITIVE COCCI in the family LEUCONOSTOCACEAE. It is the primary bacteria involved in carrying out malolactic conversion in winemaking.
A gram-positive, non-spore-forming group of bacteria comprising organisms that have morphological and physiological characteristics in common.
A family of proteins involved in the transport of monocarboxylic acids such as LACTIC ACID and PYRUVIC ACID across cellular membranes.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
A 34-amino acid polypeptide antibiotic produced by Streptococcus lactis. It has been used as a food preservative in canned fruits and vegetables, and cheese.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped LACTIC ACID bacteria found naturally in the human intestinal flora and BREAST MILK.
Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
A slightly acid milk food produced by fermentation due to the combined action of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Alcohol oxidoreductases with substrate specificity for LACTIC ACID.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The trihydrate sodium salt of acetic acid, which is used as a source of sodium ions in solutions for dialysis and as a systemic and urinary alkalizer, diuretic, and expectorant.
Debris resulting from a process that is of no further use to the system producing it. The concept includes materials discharged from or stored in a system in inert form as a by-product of vital activities. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.
The sodium salt of racemic or inactive lactic acid. It is a hygroscopic agent used intravenously as a systemic and urinary alkalizer.
A pathologic condition of acid accumulation or depletion of base in the body. The two main types are RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS and metabolic acidosis, due to metabolic acid build up.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.
Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).
Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.
A species of gram-positive bacteria isolated from MILK and cheese-starter cultures.
Electrophoresis in which various denaturant gradients are used to induce nucleic acids to melt at various stages resulting in separation of molecules based on small sequence differences including SNPs. The denaturants used include heat, formamide, and urea.
A species of gram-negative bacteria of the family ACETOBACTERACEAE found in FLOWERS and FRUIT. Cells are ellipsoidal to rod-shaped and straight or slightly curved.
A strong corrosive acid that is commonly used as a laboratory reagent. It is formed by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. GASTRIC ACID is the hydrochloric acid component of GASTRIC JUICE.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
The mechanical process of cooling.
Ground up seed of WHEAT.
Keeping food for later consumption.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens and the human intestinal tract. Most strains are nonhemolytic.
Derivatives of formic acids. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that are formed with a single carbon carboxy group.
Organic polymeric materials which can be broken down by naturally occurring processes. This includes plastics created from bio-based or petrochemical-based materials.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose cells occur singly, in pairs or short chains, in V or Y configurations, or in clumps resembling letters of the Chinese alphabet. Its organisms are found in cheese and dairy products as well as on human skin and can occasionally cause soft tissue infections.
A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability.
Bacteria which retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Personal care items for women.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
The second stomach of ruminants. It lies almost in the midline in the front of the abdomen, in contact with the liver and diaphragm and communicates freely with the RUMEN via the ruminoreticular orifice. The lining of the reticulum is raised into folds forming a honeycomb pattern over the surface. (From Concise Veterinary Dictionary, 1988)
A plant genus in the CANNABACEAE family. Best known for the buds of Humulus lupulus L. used in BEER.
A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, a common saprophyte and facultative parasite of mature fruits and vegetables. It may cause cerebral mycoses in diabetes and cutaneous infection in severely burned patients.
Aromatic substances added to food before or after cooking to enhance its flavor. These are usually of vegetable origin.
The D-isomer of ASPARTIC ACID.
A genus of bacteria which may be found in the feces of animals and man, on vegetation, and in silage. Its species are parasitic on cold-blooded and warm-blooded animals, including man.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria consisting of organisms causing variable hemolysis that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS, it is now recognized as a separate genus.
Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.
The application of knowledge to the food industry.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.
The syrup remaining after sugar is crystallized out of SUGARCANE or sugar beet juice. It is also used in ANIMAL FEED, and in a fermented form, is used to make industrial ETHYL ALCOHOL and ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A thin-walled distention of the alimentary tract protruding just outside the body cavity in the distal end of the neck (esophagus), used for the temporary storage of food and water.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
Technique that utilizes low-stringency polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification with single primers of arbitrary sequence to generate strain-specific arrays of anonymous DNA fragments. RAPD technique may be used to determine taxonomic identity, assess kinship relationships, analyze mixed genome samples, and create specific probes.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
A plant genus of the family TROPAEOLACEAE. The common nasturtium is a plant that grows 2.4-3.6 m (8-12 feet) tall and has funnel-shaped flowers that are commonly yellow-orange with red spots or stripes and have a long spur that contains sweet nectar. Some species in this genus are called watercress which is also a common name for RORIPPA and NASTURTIUM.
A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the family Aerococcaceae.
The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Derivatives of propionic acid. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxyethane structure.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria used in PROBIOTICS.
Ability of a microbe to survive under given conditions. This can also be related to a colony's ability to replicate.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
A beverage prepared from SOYBEANS.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
An intermediate compound in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. In thiamine deficiency, its oxidation is retarded and it accumulates in the tissues, especially in nervous structures. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.
A disaccharide of GLUCOSE and GALACTOSE in human and cow milk. It is used in pharmacy for tablets, in medicine as a nutrient, and in industry.
A very complex, but reproducible mixture of at least 177 C10 polychloro derivatives, having an approximate overall empirical formula of C10-H10-Cl8. It is used as an insecticide and may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen: Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Discarded animal and vegetable matter from a kitchen or the refuse from food preparation. (From Random House College Dictionary, 1982)
Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.
An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria commonly found in the alimentary tract of cows, sheep, and other ruminants. It occasionally is encountered in cases of human endocarditis. This species is nonhemolytic.
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent with actions and uses similar to those of METFORMIN. Although it is generally considered to be associated with an unacceptably high incidence of lactic acidosis, often fatal, it is still available in some countries. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p290)
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
The removal of a carboxyl group, usually in the form of carbon dioxide, from a chemical compound.
The inter- and intra-relationships between various microorganisms. This can include both positive (like SYMBIOSIS) and negative (like ANTIBIOSIS) interactions. Examples include virus - bacteria and bacteria - bacteria.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Nanometer-scale composite structures composed of organic molecules intimately incorporated with inorganic molecules. (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechology Terms, 4th ed)
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
A family of gram-positive bacteria in the order Lactobacillales, phylum Firmicutes.
A technique for analysis of the chemical composition of molecules. A substance is bombarded with monochromatic ELECTRONS. Some of the electrons passing through the specimen will lose energy when they ionize inner shell electrons of the atoms in the specimen. The energy loss is element dependent. Analysis of the energy loss spectrum reveals the elemental composition of a specimen. ENERGY-FILTERED TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY is a type of electron energy loss spectroscopy carried out in electron microscopes specially outfitted to analyze the spectrum of electron energy loss.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).
Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic cocci parasitic in the mouth and in the intestinal and respiratory tracts of man and other animals.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.
The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.
A plant genus of the family PONTEDERIACEAE that is used as a biological filter for treating wastewater.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.
Silicon polymers that contain alternate silicon and oxygen atoms in linear or cyclic molecular structures.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.
The chemical reactions that occur within the cells, tissues, or an organism. These processes include both the biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) and the breakdown (CATABOLISM) of organic materials utilized by the living organism.
Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.
Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material.
Nutritional supplements combining PROBIOTICS (bacteria) and PREBIOTICS (sugars).
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Unlike ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS, this species may produce an alpha-hemolytic reaction on blood agar and is unable to utilize pyruvic acid as an energy source.
A metabolite of AMINOPYRINE with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is used as a reagent for biochemical reactions producing peroxides or phenols. Ampyrone stimulates LIVER MICROSOMES and is also used to measure extracellular water.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Excretion of an excessive amount of OXALATES in the urine.
A plant genus of the family CAPPARACEAE that contains mabinlin, a sweet protein.
Medicated dosage forms that are designed to be inserted into the rectal, vaginal, or urethral orifice of the body for absorption. Generally, the active ingredients are packaged in dosage forms containing fatty bases such as cocoa butter, hydrogenated oil, or glycerogelatin that are solid at room temperature but melt or dissolve at body temperature.
Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
Inactivation of viruses by non-immune related techniques. They include extremes of pH, HEAT treatment, ultraviolet radiation, IONIZING RADIATION; DESICCATION; ANTISEPTICS; DISINFECTANTS; organic solvents, and DETERGENTS.
A state due to excess loss of carbon dioxide from the body. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. It has been isolated from sewage, soil, silage, and from feces of healthy animals and man. Infection with this bacterium leads to encephalitis, meningitis, endocarditis, and abortion.
Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
These hydrogen ions form a part of lactic acid. The body falls back on this less efficient but faster method of producing ATP ... beta-oxidation of fatty acids, and during the citric acid cycle). The NADH thus produced is primarily used to ultimately ... the conjugate base of lactic acid) in a process called lactic acid fermentation: Pyruvate + NADH + H+ → lactate + NAD+ This ... Lactic acid fermentation and ethanol fermentation can occur in the absence of oxygen. This anaerobic fermentation allows many ...
These NH3 molecules neutralise the organic acids (lactic acid and ketone bodies) produced in the muscles. Lowenstein J.M. (1972 ... Oxaloacetic acid + Glutamate ↔ α-Ketoglutarate + Aspartate ( Catalysed by Aspartate Aminotransferase) 2) Synthesis of ammonia ( ... This pathway was first described by John Lowenstein, who outlined its importance in processes including amino acid catabolism ... NH4+ The second stage is the formation of adenylosuccinate from IMP and the amino acid aspartate, which is coupled to the ...
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB)* produce acids that coagulate and partially digest milk proteins. A small amount of curd added to ... As a matter of fact, the estimated number of bacterial cells in our body is 10 times the number of human cells. Bacteria are ... Lactobacillus bacteria are utilized to produce Lactic acid. Production of Biogas:- Biogas is a mixture of gases (mainly Methane ... organic acids, enzymes, and perfumes on an industrial scale. Bacteria are important in the production of many dietary ...
... lactic acid will build up in muscles over the course of long-term exertion. Within the human body, lactic acid is the by- ... Fermentation is the anaerobic metabolic process that converts sugar into acids, gases, or alcohols in oxygen starved ... One of the chemical processes that Pasteur studied was the fermentation of sugar into lactic acid, as occurs in the souring of ... He was then able to accelerate the lactic acid fermentation process in fresh milk by administering the cultivated sample to it ...
When deprived of oxygen, the animal uses fructose in its anaerobic glycolysis, producing lactic acid. This pathway is not ... living in high levels of carbon dioxide due to poorly ventilated living spaces which would cause acid to build up in their body ... the pain signaling works as it does in other mammals but only with capsaicin and not with acids. This is proposed to be an ... As a result, the naked mole-rats feel no pain when they are exposed to acid or capsaicin. When they are injected with substance ...
The pyruvate is either converted into alanine via alanine aminotransferase or converted into lactic acid by lactate ... Their function is to convert the potential energy of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids into adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in ... As the disease progresses, the muscular system is debilitated throughout the body, as the brain cannot control the contraction ... Succinic acid has been studied, and shown effective for both Leigh syndrome, and MELAS syndrome.[13][14] A high-fat, low- ...
... the second wind to be a result of the body finding the proper balance of oxygen to counteract the buildup of lactic acid in the ... physiologic mechanisms utilize alternative sources of energy such as fatty acids and proteins via aerobic respiration. Second- ... bodies may take more time than others to be able to balance the amount of oxygen they need to counteract the lactic acid. This ... If the oxygen supply is not soon restored, this may lead to accumulation of lactic acid. This is the case even without exercise ...
... and lactic acid. Free fatty acids from triglycerides are converted to ketones, and to acetyl-CoA. Amino acids and lactic acid ... Without this process, the body is unable to liberate glycogen from the liver and convert it into blood glucose, leading to an ... Uric acid competes with lactic acid and other organic acids for renal excretion in the urine. In GSD I increased availability ... Lactic acid is generated both in the liver and muscle and is oxidized by NAD+ to pyruvic acid and then converted via the ...
Most people with MELAS have a buildup of lactic acid in their bodies, a condition called lactic acidosis. Increased acidity in ... Patients are managed according to what areas of the body are affected at a particular time. Enzymes, amino acids, antioxidants ... Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is one of the family of mitochondrial diseases ... MELAS is a condition that affects many of the body's systems, particularly the brain and nervous system (encephalo-) and ...
The pyruvate is either converted into alanine via alanine aminotransferase or converted into lactic acid by lactate ... Their function is to convert the potential energy of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids into adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in ... Symptoms are often first seen after a triggering event that taxes the body's energy production, such as an infection or surgery ... The lactic acidosis sometimes associated with Leigh syndrome is caused by the buildup of pyruvate, which is unable to be ...
These hydrogen ions form a part of lactic acid. The body falls back on this less efficient but faster method of producing ATP ... beta-oxidation of fatty acids, and during the citric acid cycle). The NADH thus produced is primarily used to ultimately ... the conjugate base of lactic acid) in a process called lactic acid fermentation: Pyruvate + NADH + H+ → Lactate + NAD+. This ... Most cells will then carry out further reactions to 'repay' the used NAD+ and produce a final product of ethanol or lactic acid ...
One successful scaffold is a copolymer of lactic acid and glycolic acid. Biocompatibility is related to the behavior of ... The ambiguity of the term reflects the ongoing development of insights into "how biomaterials interact with the human body" and ... amino acids, and nucleotides. Cellulose is both the most common biopolymer and the most common organic compound on Earth. About ... Bone implant materials are often designed to promote bone growth while dissolving into surrounding body fluid. Thus for many ...
This leads to the addition of seven amino acid acids to the normal LDH-H protein. The extension contains a peroxisomal ... LDH is measured by the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) test (also known as the LDH test or lactic acid dehydrogenase test). ... LDH is a protein that normally appears throughout the body in small amounts. Many cancers can raise LDH levels, so LDH may be ... The LDHBx protein is seven amino acids longer than the LDHB (LDH-H) protein. This amino acid extension is generated by ...
Related carboxylic acids. acetic acid. glycolic acid. propionic acid. 3-hydroxypropanoic acid. malonic acid. butyric acid. ... Blood tests for lactate are performed to determine the status of the acid base homeostasis in the body. Blood sampling for this ... lactic acid or (R)-lactic acid. A mixture of the two in equal amounts is called DL-lactic acid, or racemic lactic acid. Lactic ... Chemistry and production of lactic acid, lactide and poly(lactic acid) in Poly(Lactic acid). Hoboken: Wiley. p. 3. ISBN 978-0- ...
Researchers once attributed fatigue to a build-up of lactic acid in muscles.[49] However, this is no longer believed.[50][51] ... Henry 2005 provides BMR formula various ages given body weight: those for BMR aged 18-30 in MJ/day (where mass is body weight ... By oxidizing fatty acids, this spares glucose utilization and helps to maintain blood sugar level during exercise. ... Glucose is then oxidized to pyruvate and under anaerobic conditions is reduced to lactic acid. This reaction oxidizes NADH to ...
... throughout the body. Long chain free fatty acids enter the metabolizing cells (i.e. most living cells in the body except red ... Miller DN, Bazzano G; Bazzano (1965). "Propanediol metabolism and its relation to lactic acid metabolism". Ann NY Acad Sci. 119 ... known as ketone bodies (as they are not "bodies" at all, but water-soluble chemical substances). The ketone bodies are released ... Unlike free fatty acids, ketone bodies can cross the blood-brain barrier and are therefore available as fuel for the cells of ...
These include acetic, lactic and succinic acids, and putrescine. Research on the antioxidant properties of strain ME-3 in soft ... "Safety Assessment of lactobacillus fermentum PL 9005, a Potential Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacterium, in Mice." Journal of ... A third mechanism is by causing the body to consume more cholesterol. L. fermentum would interfere with the recycling of bile ... In general, they are seen as beneficial to the host's body and the human health. Lactobacillus fermentum has been identified as ...
... and lactic acid at the time of the hypoglycemia. Plasma acylcarnitine levels and urine organic acids exclude some of the ... doi:10.1007/s10545-014-9744-1 Marcus et al., "Insufficient Ketone Body Use Is the Cause of Ketotic Hypoglycemia in One of a ... Lipids are metabolized to triglycerides, in turn to fatty acids, which are transformed in the mitochondria of liver and kidney ... Less commonly, it may indicate a fatty acid oxidation disorder. Some of the subtypes of Glycogen storage disease show ketotic ...
... occurs when the body produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body ... although the acidosis caused by ethanol is actually primarily due to the increased production of lactic acid found in such ... Organic acids, salicylates, ethanol, methanol, formaldehyde, ethylene glycol, paraldehyde, isoniazid. *Sulfates, metformin ... that occurs when the body produces excessive quantities of acid or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body ...
... weak organic acids such as sorbic acid, benzoic acid, lactic acid and salicylic acid some phenolic compounds, such as ... As antiseptics (i.e., germicide agents that can be used on human or animal body, skin, mucoses, wounds and the like), few of ... toluenesulfonic acids), pH < 1, and alkalis (sodium, potassium, calcium hydroxides), such as of pH > 13, particularly under ... such as peracetic acid, potassium persulfate, sodium perborate, sodium percarbonate, and urea perhydrate), iodine (povidone- ...
The equation for the oxidation of glucose to lactic acid is:. C. 6H. 12O. 6 → 2 CH. 3CH(OH)COOH + 2 ATP. Anaerobic respiration ... Main article: Amino acid activation. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase enzymes consume ATP in the attachment tRNA to amino acids, ... Other processes regenerate ATP such that the human body recycles its own body weight equivalent in ATP each day.[2] It is also ... Citric acid cycleEdit. Main articles: Citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation ...
... diprotic malic acid to the softer monoprotic lactic acid. The different structures of malic and lactic acids leads to a ... Malolactic fermentation generally enhances the body and flavor persistence of wine, producing wines of greater palate softness ... Conversion of malic into lacticEdit. Lactic acid bacteria convert malic acid into lactic acid as an indirect means of creating ... Finally, O. oeni tends to produce the least amount of biogenic amines (and most lactic acid[3]) among the lactic acid bacteria ...
... fatty acids (including essential fatty acids), fatty-acid derived phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycolipids and terpenoids, ... Such artificial flavours include methyl salicylate which creates the wintergreen odor and lactic acid which gives milk a tart ... Vitamins are nutrients required in small amounts for essential metabolic reactions in the body. These are broken down in ... Food and Nutrition Board of Institute of Medicine (2005) Dietary Reference Intakes for Protein and Amino Acids, page 685, from ...
... lactic acid, salicylic acid, Jessner's solution, or a lower concentration (20%) of trichloroacetic acid. These peels only ... "The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . ... These free fatty acids spur increased production of cathelicidin, HBD1, and HBD2, thus leading to further inflammation.[45] ... Salicylic acid[edit]. Salicylic acid is a topically applied beta-hydroxy acid that stops bacteria from reproducing and has ...
In skeletal muscles, the waste product is lactic acid. This type of fermentation is called lactic acid fermentation. In ... Nutrients that are commonly used by animal and plant cells in respiration include sugar, amino acids and fatty acids, and the ... Citric acid cycle. Main article: Citric acid cycle. This is also called the Krebs cycle or the tricarboxylic acid cycle. When ... The total ATP yield in ethanol or lactic acid fermentation is only 2 molecules coming from glycolysis, because pyruvate is not ...
Some strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) may affect Helicobacter pylori infections (which may cause peptic ulcers) in adults ... This effort was accompanied by local governmental and supragovernmental regulatory bodies' requirements to better characterize ... and finally the ability to survive in stomach acids and then in the intestinal ecosystem.[7] ... Some fermented products that contain lactic acid bacteria (LAB) include: vegetables such as pickled vegetables,[19] kimchi,[19] ...
An important function is the production and control of bile acids. Too much bile acid can be toxic to cells and its synthesis ... Homeostasis does not govern every activity in the body.[19][20] For instance the signal (be it via neurons or hormones) from ... Main articles: Acid-base homeostasis and Acid-base imbalance. The plasma pH can be altered by respiratory changes in the ... A change in the plasma pH gives an acid-base imbalance. In acid-base homeostasis there are two mechanisms that can help ...
Lactic acid bacteria (hereto known as LAB) ferment lactose to lactic acid, they are mesophilic, Gram-positive facultative ... Organic acids such as citric acid or sodium citrate are added to the cream prior to homogenization in order to increase the ... The reasoning behind the addition of stabilizers to fermented dairy products is to provide smoothness in the body and texture ... Its name comes from the production of lactic acid by bacterial fermentation, which is called souring. Crème fraîche is one type ...
Yeasts produce ethanol, lactic acid bacteria produce lactic acid, and acetic acid bacteria produce acetic acid. The ... may affect the esophageal sphincter muscle in a way that permits stomach acids to enter the esophagus.[80] Theobromine ... Glossy, firm, best snap, melts near body temperature (37 °C) VI 36 °C (97 °F) Hard, takes weeks to form ... mainly palmitic acid and stearic acid, while the predominant unsaturated fat is oleic acid (table). ...
... electrons will be shifted to pyruvic acid in the process of lactic acid fermentation. This temporary measure (anaerobic ... In humans, hypoxia is detected by the peripheral chemoreceptors in the carotid body and aortic body, with the carotid body ... and some amino acids.[18] ... Lactic acid build up (in tissues and blood) is a sign of ... Hypoxia[1] is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level. ...
Predicted body weight is calculated based on sex and height, and tools for this are available.[72] Recruitment maneuvers may be ... However, omega-3 fatty acids are not recommended as immune supplements for a person with sepsis or septic shock. The usage of ... However, sodium bicarbonate is not recommended for a person with lactic acidosis secondary to hypoperfusion. Low-molecular- ... Sepsis caused by gram-positive bacteria may result from an immunological response to cell wall lipoteichoic acid.[44] Bacterial ...
... increased amino acid catabolism, inhibition of the citric acid cycle, lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis, hyperuricemia, disturbance ... free fatty acids, triglycerides, lactate, ketone bodies, cortisol, and glucose in blood and urine samples.[3] ... There is also a vast body of folk medicine and simple quackery. A four-page literature review in the British Medical Journal ... Tolfenamic acid, an inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis, in a 1983 study reduced headache, nausea, vomiting, irritation but ...
Traditional drug encapsulation has been done using lactic acid polymers. More recent developments have seen the formation of ... The human body is a machine with a complex system and works as a response to chemical signals. Polymers play the role of drug ... polyacrylic acids, poly(methyl methacrylates), and polyurethanes. Hydrophilic, amorphous, low-molecular-weight polymers ... In the presence of glucose, the formation of gluconic acid by the enzyme triggers release of insulin from the hydrogel. ...
1922 - Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Germany, for finding out how oxygen makes chemical changes in lactic acid in muscles[17] ... for finding out how cholesterol and fatty acid work in the body.[55] ... for finding the structure of nucleic acids and its importance in coding information in living things.[53] ... 1937 - Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungary, for his discoveries about cells, vitamin C and chemical changes of fumaric acid.[31] ...
This is mainly because these species can grow in the presence of high sucrose, ethanol, acetic acid, sorbic acid, benzoic acid ... Kaufmann K, Schoneck A (2002). Making Sauerkraut and Pickled Vegetables at Home: Creative Recipes for Lactic Fermented Food to ... Yeasts are able to grow in foods with a low pH (5.0 or lower) and in the presence of sugars, organic acids, and other easily ... which helps to prevent them from being recognised and engulfed by white blood cells in the human body.[104] ...
Organic acids and their salts are used widely in food products, e.g. lactic acid, citric acid, acetic acid, either as ... They should be distinguished from viricides, which actively deactivate virus particles outside the body. Many antiviral drugs ... For example, beef carcasses often are sprayed with acids, and then rinsed or steamed, to reduce the prevalence of Escherichia ... which destroy microorganisms within the body). The term "antibiotic" originally described only those formulations derived from ...
Lactic acid - lactic acid autotroph - Lactic fermentation - lagging strand - laminin - LDL receptor - Le Chatelier's principle ... Malpighi body - Malpighi layer - marine biology - Maslinic acid - Mass spectrometer - maturation-promoting factor - ... It deals with the structure and function of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and ... amino acid - amino acid receptor - amino acid sequence - amino acid sequence homology - aminobutyric acid - ammonia - AMPA ...
... and lactic acid is produced by other species, vaginal pH and acid production establish normal vaginal microbiota. The pH ... with organic acids, bacteriocins, and hydrogen peroxide. These act synergistically against infection by pathogens. Not all ... most probably also with gut microflora homogenously distributed over the baby's body including skin, the oral cavity, ... Although the lactic acid produced by lactobacilli contributes to the vaginal acidity, it is still not proven to be the primary ...
Most cheeses are acidified to a lesser degree by bacteria, which turn milk sugars into lactic acid, then the addition of rennet ... The pressure drives out moisture-the molds are designed to allow water to escape-and unifies the curds into a single solid body ... Many of these can be coaxed into melting smoothly in the presence of acids or starch. Fondue, with wine providing the acidity, ... More commonly starter bacteria are employed instead which convert milk sugars into lactic acid. The same bacteria (and the ...
Abietic acid dermatitis Acid-induced Acrylic monomer dermatitis Adhesive dermatitis African blackwood dermatitis Airbag ... Many conditions affect the human integumentary system-the organ system covering the entire surface of the body and composed of ... Mitochondrial myopathy-encephalopathy-lactic acidosis-stroke syndrome Multiple lentigines syndrome (cardiocutaneous syndrome, ... amino acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Acute intermittent porphyria Adrenoleukodystrophy (Schilder's disease) Alkaptonuria ...
Acidity is increased by fermentation, marination or by directly adding acids (acetic, citric, lactic) to fish products. Lactic ... though catfish can breathe air directly through their gills and body skin, and the climbing perch has special air-breathing ... acid bacteria produce the antimicrobial nisin which further enhances preservation. Other preservatives include nitrites, ... is the worldwide federation of national standards bodies. ISO defines quality as "the totality of features and characteristics ...
... is converted within muscle cells into carnosine, which acts as a buffer for the lactic acid produced during high- ... β-Alanine ethyl ester is the ethyl ester which hydrolyses within the body to form β-alanine. It is produced industrially by the ... Hoffman JR, Stout JR, Harris RC, Moran DS (2015). "β-Alanine supplementation and military performance". Amino Acids. 47 (12): ... β-Alanine (or beta-alanine) is a naturally occurring beta amino acid, which is an amino acid in which the amino group is ...
Lactic acidosis A buildup of lactic acid in the body due to anaerobic use of glucose as a fuel. It is normal when exercising ... Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and there are about 20 used in the human body, of which about half can be ... Prosthesis a replacement for a body part. For instance, a foot or leg. Protein a class of biochemicals made from amino acids in ... Its amino acid code (DNA triplet --> amino acid incorporation) is identical across all Terrestrial life except for a very few ...
... producing lactic acid as a metabolic byproduct. Contrary to common belief, lactic acid accumulation doesn't actually cause the ... Peripheral muscle fatigue during physical work is considered[by whom?] an inability for the body to supply sufficient energy or ... Davis JM (1995). "Carbohydrates, branched-chain amino acids, and endurance: the central fatigue hypothesis". Int J Sport Nutr. ... The insufficiency of energy, i.e. sub-optimal aerobic metabolism, generally results in the accumulation of lactic acid and ...
... this An exfoliating body wash with glycolic acid. Cleanse and exfoliate your body in one easy step with Pixi Glycolic Body Wash ... Harnessing the skin-refining powers of Glycolic Acid , this body wash improves skin texture ... ... Cleanse and exfoliate your body in one easy step with Pixi Glycolic Body Wash. Harnessing the skin-refining powers of Glycolic ... exfoliating body wash with glycolic and lactic acids, ... "exfoliating body wash with glycolic and lactic acids". * Pixi ...
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Conclusion: In healthy subjects, consumption of a FMP containing B. lactis CNCM I-2494 and lactic acid bacteria improves the ... lactis CNCM I-2494 and lactic acid bacteria. Main outcomes: digestive sensations, number of daytime anal gas evacuations, and ... Healthy subjects (both genders; 18-75 years age range; body mass index, BMI. 18.5-30 Kg/m2) without gastrointestinal symptoms ... Associations of Breast Milk Microbiota, Immune Factors, and Fatty Acids in the Rat Mother-Offspring Pair ...
For lactic acid, which has a lower proton affinity than amino acids, a significant non-negligible amount of the radical cation ... Funding Body. Electron attachment to biomolecular clusters: probing the role of multiple scattering in radio-sensitivity (SP-10 ... Collisions between O3+ ions and neutral clusters of amino acids (alanine, valine and glycine) as well as lactic acid are ... Formation and Fragmentation of Protonated Molecules after Ionization of Amino Acid and Lactic Acid Clusters by Collision with ...
Lactic is a great choice for those dealing with aging and pigmented skin. It will exfoliate the outer surface of the skin and ... View our simple hydroxy acid peel demonstration. Lactic will be applied in exactly the same way. All hydroxy acids are applied ... Body Body Product_Type:. Peel Peel Vip_Savings:. 20 Percent 20_Percent ... Lactic Acid 50, Purified Water, High Purity Lactic Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Glycerine, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Benzyl Alcohol, ...
Lactic is a great choice for those dealing with aging and pigmented skin. It will exfoliate the outer surface of the skin and ... View our simple hydroxy acid peel demonstration. Lactic will be applied in exactly the same way. All hydroxy acids are applied ... Lactic. Active_Ingredient:. Vitamin_B. Active_Ingredient:. Essential_Oils. Vegan:. Vegan. Area:. Face. Area:. Body. Product_ ... Lactic Acid 50, Purified Water, High Purity Lactic Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Glycerine, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Benzyl Alcohol, ...
Lactic acid bacteria. EBW. Empty Body Weight. OD. Optic density. References. *Ostryl, V.; Malir, F.; Toman, J.; Grosse, Y. ... teichoic acids and the reactions related to cell hydrophobicity and electrostatic properties [29]. In the case of yeast, the ... Among others, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Saccharomyces cerievisiae cells are known to bind different molecules or complex ... El-Nezami, H.; Kankaanpaa, P.; Salminen, S.; Ahokas, J. Ability of dairy strains of lactic acid bacteria to bind a common food ...
Identified within the genome were 61 tRNAs, representing all 21 amino acids, with redundant tRNAs for all amino acids except ... Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the PNAS web site. ... Complete genome sequence of the probiotic lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM. Eric Altermann, W. Michael ... Other teichoic acid associated ORFs include a tandem set of teichoic acid biosynthesis and transport proteins (La524 and La525 ...
Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the PNAS web site. ... genes for biosynthesis of arginine and aromatic amino acids were lost independently in Lb. brevis, P. pentosaceus, O. oeni, and ... a homofermentative pathway in which lactic acid is the primary product and a heterofermentative pathway in which lactic acid, ... Comparative genomics of the lactic acid bacteria. K. Makarova, A. Slesarev, Y. Wolf, A. Sorokin, B. Mirkin, E. Koonin, A. ...
These hydrogen ions form a part of lactic acid. The body falls back on this less efficient but faster method of producing ATP ... beta-oxidation of fatty acids, and during the citric acid cycle). The NADH thus produced is primarily used to ultimately ... the conjugate base of lactic acid) in a process called lactic acid fermentation: Pyruvate + NADH + H+ → lactate + NAD+ This ... Lactic acid fermentation and ethanol fermentation can occur in the absence of oxygen. This anaerobic fermentation allows many ...
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Teff with 11% of protein is an excellent source of essential amino acids, especially lysine: the amino acid that is most often ... In the preparation of injera, teff flour undergoes fermentation by lactic acid bacteria and yeast. Conclusions: There was a ... Teff is a nutrient-rich whole grain, making it a whole lot better for your body in terms of glycemic index and complex ... It is also somewhat acidic, which lowers the glycemic index even more as it changes the way that the body metabolizes the ...
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... prevents lactic acid build up, and raises energy levels. Fully Charged works with your body, not against it, and provides these ... fatty acids, and amino acids. - Proprietary Enzyme Blend (Amylase and Phytase) - These enzymes help maximize absorption of the ... Vitamin D has been added to aid in calcium absorption by the body. The capsules are vegetarian, gluten-free, GMO-free, and ... Vitamin D has been added to aid in calcium absorption by the body. The capsules are vegetarian, gluten-free, GMO-free, and ...
It is produced predominantly within the liver and kidneys from amino acids L-arginine, glycine and L-methionine. Generally, the ... creatine found in our bodies is derived from the foods we consume, although it ... Creatine is a naturally produced body acid found within the skeletal muscle of the vertebrates. ... Creatine can also cushion lactic acid; the build-up or burn felt during intense training may be dulled, potentially assisting ...
The "pain" part of exercise results from the build-up of acids in active muscles (like lactic acid), and acids drop the pH of ... The more fit you become, the more easily your body can clear out those excess acids produced by physical activity. Too much ... If you drop body fat, your muscles will look more defined simply because there is less fat to cover them up. The bottom line is ... It is true that you have to eat some protein to gain protein (muscles are made of amino acids, the building blocks of protein ...
Scrub all over your body to leave your skin feeling baby soft. Light scents of vanilla and earthy citrus will leave you wanting ... Avocado lends extra fatty acids to the already nutrition-rich Goat Milk soap for extra hydration. ... and lactic acid which resurfaces skin for an illuminated, vibrant, youthful complexion. Avocado delivers essential fatty acids ... Coconut oil visibly increases elasticity, helps keep body breakouts away, and is concentrated with essential fatty acids, ...
Youve probably heard of lactic acid before - its also the acid produced by anaerobic respiration, the process our body ... Carbon dioxide can also be produced by one of the acids present in apples. Malic acid is the main acid in apples, and a process ... In cider, the conversion of malic acid into lactic acid lowers the overall acidity of cider, and leads to a rounder flavour. ... When you get a stitch, lactic acid in your muscle tissue is to blame. ...
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Collagen Amino Acids, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Hybrid Oil, Isomerized Linoleic Acid, Lactic Acid, Potassium Lactate, ... Home/Beauty/Skincare/body/moisturisers & lotions/Body Lotion Fair To Medium Skin - 400ml. ... Body Lotion Fair To Medium Skin - 400ml. 87092. $8.39. Members PriceRetail Price $10.49 ... Clarins Super Restorative Redefining Body Care 200ML $91.80. Members PriceRetail Price $102.00Add to cart ...
15.2% Triple Acids, AHA + BHA + PHA. $35 $40. BESTGIFT Red Body Wash (+Gift) Salicylic Acid + Lactic Acid + Niacinamide ... RED BODY WASH. #1 Body Total Care. Solve your irritated skin with Red Line Treat your face and body all at once!. ... Boost your glow with Collagen, Elastin, and Hyaluronic acid. Harness the power of 1000x fortified collagen and return your skin ...
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... lactic acid, glycolic acid, malic acid, citric acid, coco caprylate, tocopherol, cellulose gum, chondrus crispus (carrageenan) ... The physical exfoliants of Peach kernel and Pumice powder are boosted by Lactic, Glycolic and Malic acids to work at a cellular ... Dual Action Body Scrub 200ml. Price. Offer Price £20.00 Description. This dual action, daily body scrub combines natural, ...
... or running miles at a time can be a lot on the body. However, nothing in life worth having is easy. This notion includes your ... To accomplish this task, your body relies on amino acids. Amino acids are essential for the structure of all of our tissues, ... Lactic Acid Buildup from Workouts. Most people experience discomfort for shorter periods. While the interval may not be as long ... You may want to limit red meat intake as it is rich in omega-6 fatty acids that are harder for your body to break down. Your ...
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... a squat you drop down to the bottom of this squat youd load the muscle with lactic acid a few times and then you come up out ... First of all, I used to be a body builder and to get big, most body builders would going to the gym and do isolated movements. ... When it comes to eating for strength, you dont want to train for strength without amino acids in your bloodstream and what ... section without actually isolating specific muscle groups and you can still do full body moves for upper body and lower body ...
  • Natural fruit acids aid in the exfoliation process. (rosejoyce.com)
  • Lactic is considered a Very Superficial peel (more of an exfoliation), meaning that it only penetrates into the outermost layer, the Stratum Corneum. (platinumskincare.com)
  • Weekly, sometimes daily, exfoliation removes surface debris and is the underrated key to a refined complexion and we're proud to offer a varied range of microbead-free exfoliators for the face and body. (skinstore.com)
  • lactis CNCM I-2494 and lactic acid bacteria. (mdpi.com)
  • Conclusion: In healthy subjects, consumption of a FMP containing B. lactis CNCM I-2494 and lactic acid bacteria improves the tolerance of a flatulogenic diet by subjective and objective criteria (sensations and number of anal gas evacuations, respectively). (mdpi.com)
  • When milk turns sour, the lactose is converted by bacteria into lactic acid. (platinumskincare.com)
  • Lactic acid-producing bacteria are associated with various plant and animal niches and play a key role in the production of fermented foods and beverages. (pnas.org)
  • The small genomes of lactic acid bacteria encode a broad repertoire of transporters for efficient carbon and nitrogen acquisition from the nutritionally rich environments they inhabit and reflect a limited range of biosynthetic capabilities that indicate both prototrophic and auxotrophic strains. (pnas.org)
  • Phylogenetic analyses, comparison of gene content across the group, and reconstruction of ancestral gene sets indicate a combination of extensive gene loss and key gene acquisitions via horizontal gene transfer during the coevolution of lactic acid bacteria with their habitats. (pnas.org)
  • Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are historically defined as a group of microaerophilic, Gram-positive organisms that ferment hexose sugars to produce primarily lactic acid. (pnas.org)
  • Lactobacilli play key protective roles through different mechanisms: production of various antibacterial compounds (lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide, bacteriocins and biosurfactants), co-aggregation, competitive exclusion, immunomodulation, and signalling between bacteria that can lead to down-regulation of toxin production in pathogens 9 , 10 . (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Special types of bacteria are used to create lactic acid when they are fed carbohydrates . (everything2.com)
  • Our 12% Lactic Acid Lotion is buffered with an ample amount of Sodium Lactate, which works synergistically with the Lactic, increasing efficacy and reducing irritation potential. (ingredientstodiefor.com)
  • a) If 2.75 g of NaCH 3 CHOHCO 2 , sodium lactate, is added to 5.00 × 10 2 mL of 0.100 M lactic acid, what is the pH of the resulting buffer solution? (bartleby.com)
  • Sodium lactate ion, NaCH 3 CHOHCO 2 , is the conjugate base of the lactic acid, CH 3 CHOHCO 2 H . (bartleby.com)
  • Coronary hemodynamics and myocardial metabolism of lactate, free fatty acids, glucose, and ketones in patients with septic shock. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In contrast to the control group, myocardial lactate uptake was elevated, while that of free fatty acids, glucose, and ketone bodies was diminished in patients with septic shock. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Expressed as oxygen equivalents, the contribution of free fatty acids as an energy source of the myocardium was markedly diminished in septic patients (12% vs 54% in the control group, p less than .005), while that of lactate was increased (36% vs 12%, p less than .01). (biomedsearch.com)
  • The test procedure involves the oxidation of lactate to pyruvate using LDH (lactic dehydrogenase) as a catalyst for the reaction. (brighthub.com)
  • Cleanse and exfoliate your body in one easy step with Pixi Glycolic Body Wash. Cleanse and exfoliate your body in one easy step with Pixi Glycolic Body Wash . Harnessing the skin-refining powers of Glycolic Acid , this An exfoliating body wash with glycolic acid . (adorebeauty.com.au)
  • Powerful glycolic acid combines with salicylic + lactic acids to naturally exfoliate + retexture, revealing instantly smoother + brighter-looking skin. (gemmaetc.com)
  • Lactic Acid will exfoliate the outer surface of the skin and encourage new cell turnover. (platinumskincare.com)
  • When Cleopatra chose to bathe in sour donkey milk, the lactic acid was able to help exfoliate her skin and keep it smooth and beautifully clear. (platinumskincare.com)
  • The human body can extract energy from carbs, fat and protein. (livestrong.com)
  • The bodies of most living species use this process to extract energy from glucose. (livestrong.com)
  • To extract energy from fat, your body breaks down fat cells or fat from the food you eat into triglycerides. (livestrong.com)
  • This can lead to a rare, dangerous condition known as lactic acidosis. (poz.com)
  • Signs of life-threatening lactic acidosis can include elevated heart rate, rapid breathing, jaundice (yellow skin and the whites of the eyes), and muscle weakness. (poz.com)
  • The purpose of the lactic acid test is to diagnose lactic acidosis. (brighthub.com)
  • Lactic acidosis can result from a number of diseases affecting the heart, liver, and kidneys. (brighthub.com)
  • Lactic acid testing is primarily done to diagnose lactic acidosis, an acidic condition of the body that can compromise many systems and organs. (brighthub.com)
  • This is the same low thickness, white, lotion as the regular AHA Skin Rejuvenating Lotion but, with 12% Lactic Acid for enhanced cellular turnover and rejuvenation. (ingredientstodiefor.com)
  • I'd been contemplating purchasing the Ameliorate Transforming Body Lotion which is £22.50 as I have Keratosis pilaris on my upper arms, so I've been looking for an acid based lotion to improve the texture of the skin. (gemmaetc.com)
  • The Ameliorate Transforming Body Lotion works to slough away dead skin cells, and refine the texture so I was hoping the Nip + Fab Glycolic Acid Body Cream might be a budget friendly dupe although as I've never tried the original, I can't draw comparisons. (gemmaetc.com)
  • Moisturising + refining body lotion perfect for flaky or oily skin. (gemmaetc.com)
  • The Nip + Fab Glycolic Acid Body Cream has a lightweight, lotion consistency which is easy to massage in without leaving any residue so I never have to wait around for it to fully absorb before getting changed which always makes me happy. (gemmaetc.com)
  • It is also recommended that you put the following statement on packages for sale: "Sunburn Alert: This product contains an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that may increase your skin's sensitivity to the sun and particularly the possibility of sunburn. (ingredientstodiefor.com)
  • View our simple hydroxy acid peel demonstration. (platinumskincare.com)
  • An increase in lactic acid may be a result of anaerobic exercise such as sprinting or heavy weight lifting or a disease. (brighthub.com)
  • When the body works harder than it usually does, or needs more energy, it is called anaerobic exercise . (everything2.com)
  • Protein becomes amino acids. (livestrong.com)
  • Collisions between O 3+ ions and neutral clusters of amino acids (alanine, valine and glycine) as well as lactic acid are performed in the gas phase, in order to investigate the effect of ionizing radiation on these biologically relevant molecular systems. (open.ac.uk)
  • All monomers and dimers are found to be predominantly protonated, and ab initio quantum-chemical calculations on model systems indicate that for amino acids, this is due to proton transfer within the clusters after ionization. (open.ac.uk)
  • For lactic acid, which has a lower proton affinity than amino acids, a significant non-negligible amount of the radical cation monomer is observed. (open.ac.uk)
  • Consistent with two other closely related species of the "acidophilus" complex, L. johnsonii and Lactobacillus gasseri , the organism lacked biosynthetic capacity for most vitamins and amino acids, but encoded considerable transporter and fermentative capacities, expected for organism's residing within the nutrient rich conditions of upper GI tract. (pnas.org)
  • LAB species employ two pathways to metabolize hexose: a homofermentative pathway in which lactic acid is the primary product and a heterofermentative pathway in which lactic acid, CO 2 , acetic acid, and/or ethanol are produced ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • Most cells will then carry out further reactions to "repay" the used NAD+ and produce a final product of ethanol or lactic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • We can't find products matching this selection for Exfoliating Body Wash With Glycolic And Lactic Acids . (adorebeauty.com.au)
  • Today however, I have the Nip + Fab Glycolic Acid Body Cream to show you which is a product I've never seen or heard before even though it's apparently been around for at least four years. (gemmaetc.com)
  • The Nip + Fab Glycolic Acid Body Cream 200ml is £7.99 full price which I didn't think was too bad for a large tube of body cream, but for £5 I decided to give it a try. (gemmaetc.com)
  • Hyaluronic, glycolic, salicylic - it feels like there's an infinite number of different acids for your skin and it can feel hard to know which you should use. (itv.com)
  • Acetic acid, which is found in apple cider vinegar , may help lighten skin pigmentation and improve the overall appearance of your skin. (healthline.com)
  • If your body needs energy immediately, it turns pyruvate into lactic acid . (livestrong.com)
  • That's why it's faster to turn pyruvate into lactic acid, because no oxygen is required. (livestrong.com)
  • To do this, your body converts pyruvate into something called acetyl CoA . (livestrong.com)
  • The accumulation of lactic acid can be critical, so a lactic acid test may be done for the purpose of identifying acidic conditions in the body. (brighthub.com)
  • Lactic acid is also the most common acidic ingredient of fermented milk items. (everything2.com)
  • After the bones repair, the polymer decomposes and excreted from the body as water and carbon dioxide, so it is no need for surgery re-operation. (sid.ir)
  • When fat is broken down into glycerol or odd carbon-chain fatty acids, it can be converted to glucose. (livestrong.com)
  • The lactic acid along with carbon dioxide builds up in the bloodstream as it cannot be cleared through the lungs. (brighthub.com)
  • Lactic acid is, to some extent, the carbon monoxide of the internal combustion engine that is our muscles. (everything2.com)
  • And of course, lactic acid and carbon monoxide are both hurtful, to some extent. (everything2.com)
  • Fat breaks down to triglycerides and fatty acids. (livestrong.com)
  • For example: the intermediate dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) is a source of the glycerol that combines with fatty acids to form fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lower-energy production, per glucose, of anaerobic respiration relative to aerobic respiration, results in greater flux through the pathway under hypoxic (low-oxygen) conditions, unless alternative sources of anaerobically oxidizable substrates, such as fatty acids, are found. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lactic acid (CH 3 CHOHCO 2 H) is found in sour milk, in sauerkraut, and in muscles after activity. (bartleby.com)
  • Milk wasn't the only acid used by the Egyptians, though it was the most popular. (platinumskincare.com)
  • Contra-Indications: Milk Allergies If you are ready to move to a stronger acid, our TCA 13 is another excellent choice for pigmentation and antiaging with more peeling. (platinumskincare.com)
  • Just like buttermilk, milk is high in lactic acid that may help lighten sunspots. (healthline.com)
  • Most naturally occurring acids are weak acids. (bartleby.com)
  • Does Fat Convert to Glucose in the Body? (livestrong.com)
  • Your body breaks the glucose down further using different chemical reactions. (livestrong.com)
  • In glycolysis, your body creates two molecules called pyruvates per unit of glucose. (livestrong.com)
  • Generally, lactic acid testing would be secondary to screening tests and evaluation of symptoms. (brighthub.com)
  • That's far less than when your body uses oxygen. (livestrong.com)
  • The Krebs cycle , also called the TCA cycle or citric acid cycle, is a chain of chemical reactions that extracts ATP from acetyl CoA using oxygen. (livestrong.com)
  • Lactic acids levels increase when there is decreased oxygen. (brighthub.com)
  • In the absence of oxygen, carbohydrate metabolism results in lactic acid production. (brighthub.com)
  • In swimming , lactic acid also cause the body to use more blood (actualy the oxygen in it), and this makes it so that the swimmer can not hold his breath as long. (everything2.com)
  • In this case, the body is not getting enough oxygen to burn its fuel efficiently, and thus, a waste product is made. (everything2.com)
  • In your muscles, if they don't get enough oxygen from the bloodstream, and the energy demanded is great enough, lactic acid is produced as a byproduct. (everything2.com)
  • One of the liver's functions is to metabolize lactic acid, therefore, the health of the liver is a factor in removing lactic acid from the body. (brighthub.com)
  • The first is that as lactic acid builds up it slows down and stops the chemical process that makes energy. (livestrong.com)
  • Carbohydrates are the easiest source of fuel for your body. (livestrong.com)
  • Nine two-component regulatory systems were predicted, some associated with determinants implicated in bacteriocin production and acid tolerance. (pnas.org)
  • In aqueous solution an acid undergoes ionization. (bartleby.com)
  • The ionization of an acid is expressed in terms of the equilibrium constant. (bartleby.com)
  • Lactic is a great choice for those dealing with aging and pigmented skin - think liver spots and freckling. (platinumskincare.com)
  • Liver disease can result in an increased lactic acid as well. (brighthub.com)
  • The liver is involved in breakdown of lactic acid. (brighthub.com)
  • Suggest some experiments to prow that this is a weak acid and that the establishment of equilibrium is a reversible process. (bartleby.com)
  • But when you don't consume enough carbs, your body may turn to fat or protein for energy. (livestrong.com)
  • After a long period of time the body becomes more efficient at delivering 02 to the muscles because the body will get used to delivering the blood at a higher intensity. (prezi.com)
  • In sports it is a good idea to try to reduce the lactic acid build up in your muscles . (everything2.com)
  • Lactic acid causes your muscles to get tired and eventualy leads to pain . (everything2.com)
  • So to avoid such strain on the body, there are ways to reduce the amount of lactic acid built up in your muscles. (everything2.com)
  • Poly lactic acid polymers are biodegradable, having long and strong strands of polymer, when water reaches them they decompose to acids exist in the human body. (sid.ir)
  • Discover environmentally-friendly scrubs and polishes that will buff your skin to radiance without polluting bodies of water and harming sealife in the process. (skinstore.com)
  • Having tension allows your body to navigate through the water easier by making sure you power is put where you want it. (everything2.com)
  • Feel the tensions of the water wprking on you body. (everything2.com)
  • CH 3 CH(OH)CO 2 H(s) + H 2 O( l ) ⇄ H 3 O + (aq) + CH 3 CH(OH)CO 2 − (aq) If you place some lactic acid in water, it will ionize to a small extent, and an equilibrium will be established. (bartleby.com)
  • There are micronutrients in food, including vitamins and minerals that your body needs. (livestrong.com)
  • First, Strength of the acid can be expressed in terms of p K a and second, the relative concentration of acid and its conjugate base at equilibrium. (bartleby.com)
  • [ A − ] ( eq ) is the equilibrium concentration of conjugate base of the acid. (bartleby.com)
  • [ HA ] ( eq ) is the equilibrium concentration of acid. (bartleby.com)
  • Under conditions of anaerobic activity such as heavy exercise, the body will adjust and re-establish equilibrium once the exercise is discontinued, clearing the system of excess lactic acid. (brighthub.com)
  • Higher the value of K a stronger will be the acid. (bartleby.com)
  • Topical L-ascorbic acid protects your skin from UVA and UVB rays, promotes collagen production, and has been found to be effective in lightening dark spots. (healthline.com)
  • Still light enough to be used for the facial area, for those used to AHA's in their skin care routine, or for full body treatment. (ingredientstodiefor.com)
  • Fat is incredibly rich in energy and can fuel your body even if you're fasting. (livestrong.com)
  • 6-1-02: WolfKeeper says Re: lactic acid is also a fuel your body can burn. (everything2.com)
  • When you eat food, you're giving your body energy. (livestrong.com)
  • When you do an intense exercise like lifting heavy weights or sprinting, your body uses lactic acid to make energy. (livestrong.com)
  • At rest or during an endurance workout, your body uses aerobic energy . (livestrong.com)
  • during chronic exercise the body will respond by adapting itself to make the energy systems more efficient. (prezi.com)
  • This allows your body to make energy efficiently. (everything2.com)
  • The purpose of lactic acid test is to aid physicians to know the severity of the condition. (brighthub.com)
  • The CMP is a good screening test to evaluate the overall condition of the body. (brighthub.com)
  • formulated for use on the face and body . (adorebeauty.com.au)
  • A light foaming gel that contains 5% Lactic Acid which can be used on the face and body. (rosejoyce.com)
  • An individual with extremely high lactic acid may be slow to respond having difficulty speaking cohently. (brighthub.com)
  • We can't find products matching this selection for Lactic Acid Body Scrub . (adorebeauty.com.au)
  • Here are our top 4 products for lactic acid body scrub , based on Adore Beauty customer ratings and staff picks. (adorebeauty.com.au)
  • Have you ever tried any products from the Nip + Fab body range? (gemmaetc.com)
  • Sunday Times beauty director Sarah Jossel is here to show us the main skincare acids and the products which contain them. (itv.com)
  • The heart is able to pump around more blood around the body per beat as the walls of the left ventricle have thickened allowing the blood to push blood out with more force. (prezi.com)
  • Increased lactic acid in the blood. (poz.com)
  • Blood levels of lactic acid can increase to dangerous levels under certain conditions. (brighthub.com)
  • Blood needs to be drawn from a vein, for the purpose of lactic acid test. (brighthub.com)
  • If lactic acid is increased this can be an indication of heart failure which results in diminished capacity to move the blood through the circulatory system. (brighthub.com)