Endogenous substances produced through the activity of intact cells of glands, tissues, or organs.

On the diversity of secreted phospholipases A(2). Cloning, tissue distribution, and functional expression of two novel mouse group II enzymes. (1/158)

Over the last decade, an expanding diversity of secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) has been identified in mammals. Here, we report the cloning in mice of three additional sPLA(2)s called mouse group IIE (mGIIE), IIF (mGIIF), and X (mGX) sPLA(2)s, thus giving rise to eight distinct sPLA(2)s in this species. Both mGIIE and mGIIF sPLA(2)s contain the typical cysteines of group II sPLA(2)s, but have relatively low levels of identity (less than 51%) with other mouse sPLA(2)s, indicating that these enzymes are novel group II sPLA(2)s. However, a unique feature of mGIIF sPLA(2) is the presence of a C-terminal extension of 23 amino acids containing a single cysteine. mGX sPLA(2) has 72% identity with the previously cloned human group X (hGX) sPLA(2) and displays similar structural features, making it likely that mGX sPLA(2) is the ortholog of hGX sPLA(2). Genes for mGIIE and mGIIF sPLA(2)s are located on chromosome 4, and that of mGX sPLA(2) on chromosome 16. Northern and dot blot experiments with 22 tissues indicate that all eight mouse sPLA(2)s have different tissue distributions, suggesting specific functions for each. mGIIE sPLA(2) is highly expressed in uterus, and at lower levels in various other tissues. mGIIF sPLA(2) is strongly expressed during embryogenesis and in adult testis. mGX sPLA(2) is mostly expressed in adult testis and stomach. When the cDNAs for the eight mouse sPLA(2)s were transiently transfected in COS cells, sPLA(2) activity was found to accumulate in cell medium, indicating that each enzyme is secreted and catalytically active. Using COS cell medium as a source of enzymes, pH rate profile and phospholipid headgroup specificity of the novel sPLA(2)s were analyzed and compared with the other mouse sPLA(2)s.  (+info)

Induced desensitization of the insulinotropic effects of antidiabetic drugs, BTS 67 582 and tolbutamide. (2/158)

Acute and chronic mechanisms of action of novel insulinotropic antidiabetic drug, BTS 67 582 (1, 1-dimethyl-2-(2-morpholinophenyl)guanidine fumarate), were examined in the stable cultured BRIN-BD11 cell line. BTS 67 582 (100 - 400 microM) stimulated a concentration-dependent increase (P<0.01) in insulin release at both non-stimulatory (1.1 mM) and stimulatory (8. 4 mM) glucose. Long-term exposure (3 - 18 h) to 100 microM BTS 67 582 in culture time-dependently decreased subsequent responsiveness to acute challenge with 200 microM BTS 67 582 or 200 microM tolbutamide at 12 - 18 h (P<0.001). Similarly 3 - 18 h culture with the sulphonylurea, tolbutamide (100 microM), also effectively suppressed subsequent insulinotropic responses to both BTS 67 582 and tolbutamide. Culture with 100 microM BTS 67 582 or 100 microM tolbutamide did not affect basal insulin secretion, cellular insulin content, or cell viability and exerted no influence on the secretory responsiveness to 200 microM of the imidazoline, efaroxan. While 18 h BTS 67 582 culture did not affect the insulin-releasing actions (P<0.001) of 16.7 mM glucose, 10 mM arginine, 30 mM KCl, 25 microM forskolin or 10 nM phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), significant inhibition (P<0.001) of the insulinotropic effects of 10 mM 2-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) and 10 mM alanine were observed. These data suggest that BTS 67 582 shares a common signalling pathway to sulphonylurea but not imidazoline drugs. Desensitization of drug action may provide an important approach to dissect sites of action of novel and established insulinotropic antidiabetic agents.  (+info)

Fork head prevents apoptosis and promotes cell shape change during formation of the Drosophila salivary glands. (3/158)

The secretory tubes of the Drosophila salivary glands are formed by the regulated, sequential internalization of the primordia. Secretory cell invagination occurs by a change in cell shape that includes basal nuclear migration and apical membrane constriction. In embryos mutant for fork head (fkh), which encodes a transcription factor homologous to mammalian hepatocyte nuclear factor 3beta (HNF-3beta), the secretory primordia are not internalized and secretory tubes do not form. Here, we show that secretory cells of fkh mutant embryos undergo extensive apoptotic cell death following the elevated expression of the apoptotic activator genes, reaper and head involution defective. We rescue the secretory cell death in the fkh mutants and show that the rescued cells still do not invaginate. The rescued fkh secretory cells undergo basal nuclear migration in the same spatial and temporal pattern as in wild-type secretory cells, but do not constrict their apical surface membranes. Our findings suggest at least two roles for fkh in formation of the embryonic salivary glands: an early role in promoting survival of the secretory cells, and a later role in secretory cell invagination, specifically in the constriction of the apical surface membrane.  (+info)

Distinct roles for L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels in regulation of atrial ANP release. (4/158)

Atrial secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been shown to be regulated by atrial workload. Although modulating factors for the secretion of ANP have been reported, the role for intracellular Ca(2+) on the secretion of ANP has been controversial. The purpose of the present study was to define roles for L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels in the regulation of ANP secretion in perfused beating rabbit atria. BAY K 8644 (BAY K) increased atrial stroke volume and pulse pressure. BAY K suppressed ANP secretion and ANP concentration in terms of extracellular fluid (ECF) translocation concomitantly with an increase in atrial dynamics. BAY K shifted the relationship between ANP secretion and ECF translocation downward and rightward. These results indicate that BAY K inhibits myocytic release of ANP. In the continuous presence of BAY K, diltiazem reversed the effects of BAY K. Diltiazem alone increased ANP secretion and ANP concentration along with a decrease in atrial dynamics. Diltiazem shifted relationships between ANP secretion and atrial stroke volume or ECF translocation leftward. The T-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitor mibefradil decreased atrial dynamics. Mibefradil inhibited ANP secretion and ANP concentration in contrast with the L-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitor. These results suggest that activation of L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels elicits opposite effects on atrial myocytic release of ANP.  (+info)

Effect of itraconazole on the pharmacokinetics of prednisolone and methylprednisolone and cortisol secretion in healthy subjects. (5/158)

AIMS: Itraconazole is a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 activity and is often used in combination with corticosteroids. Since the latter are partly metabolized by CYP3A4, we studied the interaction between itraconazole, prednisone and methylprednisolone in healthy male subjects. METHODS: The effects of 4 days administration of oral itraconazole (400 mg on the first day then 200 mg day-1 for 3 days) on the pharmacokinetics of prednisolone after a single oral dose of prednisone (60 mg) and the pharmacokinetics of methylprednisolone after single oral dose of methylprednisolone (48 mg) were studied in 14 healthy male subjects in a two-period cross-over trial. Plasma cortisol concentrations were determined as a pharmacodynamic index. RESULTS: Itraconazole increased the mean area under the methylprednisolone concentration-time curve from 2773 ng ml-1 h to 7011 ng ml-1 h (P < 0.001) and the elimination half-life from 3.2 h to 5.5 h (P < 0.001). The pharmacokinetics of prednisolone were unchanged. Cortisol concentrations at 24 h were lower after administration of methylprednisolone with itraconazole than after methylprednisolone alone (24 ng ml-1 vs 109 ng ml-1, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Itraconazole increased methylprednisolone concentrations markedly with enhanced suppression of endogenous cortisol secretion, but had no effect on prednisolone pharmacokinetics. The pharmacokinetic interaction between methylprednisolone and itraconazole is probably related to inhibition of hepatic CYP3A4 activity by itraconazole.  (+info)

Nasal and vaginal vaccinations have differential effects on antibody responses in vaginal and cervical secretions in humans. (6/158)

Sexually transmitted diseases are a major health problem worldwide, but there is still a lack of knowledge about how to induce an optimal immune response in the genital tract of humans. In this study we vaccinated 21 volunteers nasally or vaginally with the model mucosal antigen cholera toxin B subunit and determined the level of specific immunoglobulin A (IgA) and IgG antibodies in vaginal and cervical secretions as well as in serum. To assess the hormonal influence on the induction of antibody responses after vaginal vaccination, we administered the vaccine either independently of the stage in the menstrual cycle or on days 10 and 24 in the cycle in different groups of subjects. Vaginal and nasal vaccinations both resulted in significant IgA and IgG anti-cholera toxin B subunit responses in serum in the majority of the volunteers in the various vaccination groups. Only vaginal vaccination given on days 10 and 24 in the cycle induced strong specific antibody responses in the cervix with 58-fold IgA and 16-fold IgG increases. In contrast, modest responses were seen after nasal vaccination and in the other vaginally vaccinated group. Nasal vaccination was superior in inducing a specific IgA response in vaginal secretions, giving a 35-fold increase, while vaginal vaccination induced only a 5-fold IgA increase. We conclude that a combination of nasal and vaginal vaccination might be the best vaccination strategy for inducing protective antibody responses in both cervical and vaginal secretions, provided that the vaginal vaccination is given on optimal time points in the cycle.  (+info)

Characterization of temperature-sensitive mutations in the yeast syntaxin 1 homologues Sso1p and Sso2p, and evidence of a distinct function for Sso1p in sporulation. (7/158)

The duplicated genes SSO1 and SSO2 encode yeast homologues of syntaxin 1 and perform an essential function during fusion of secretory vesicles at the plasma membrane. We have used in vitro mutagenesis to obtain a temperature-sensitive SSO2 allele, sso2-1, in which a conserved arginine has been changed to a lysine. A yeast strain that lacks SSO1 and carries the sso2-1 allele ceases growth and accumulates secretory vesicles at the restrictive temperature. Interestingly, the strain also has a pronounced phenotype at the permissive temperature, causing a defect in bud neck closure that prevents separation of mother and daughter cells. The same mutation was introduced into SSO1, producing the sso1-1 allele, which also has a temperature-sensitive phenotype, although less pronounced than sso2-1. A screen for high copy number suppressors of sso2-1 yielded three genes that are involved in the terminal step of secretion: SNC1, SNC2 and SEC9. The sso1-1 mutation interacts synthetically with a disruption of the MSO1 gene, which encodes a Sec1p interacting protein. Interestingly, we further found that both MSO1 and SSO1, but not SSO2, are required for sporulation. This difference is not due to differential expression, since SSO2 expressed from the SSO1 promoter failed to restore sporulation. We conclude that a functional difference exists between the Sso1 and Sso2 proteins, with the former being specifically required during sporulation.  (+info)

Induction of secretory pathway components in yeast is associated with increased stability of their mRNA. (8/158)

The overexpression of certain membrane proteins is accompanied by a striking proliferation of intracellular membranes. One of the best characterized inducers of membrane proliferation is the 180-kD mammalian ribosome receptor (p180), whose expression in yeast results in increases in levels of mRNAs encoding proteins that function in the secretory pathway, and an elevation in the cell's ability to secrete proteins. In this study we demonstrate that neither the unfolded protein response nor increased transcription accounts for membrane proliferation or the observed increase in secretory pathway mRNAs. Rather, p180-induced up-regulation of certain secretory pathway transcripts is due to a p180-mediated increase in the longevity of these mRNA species, as determined by measurements of transcriptional activity and specific mRNA turnover. Moreover, we show that the longevity of mRNA in general is substantially promoted through the process of its targeting to the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum. With respect to the terminal differentiation of secretory tissues, results from this model system provide insights into how the expression of a single protein, p180, could result in substantial morphological and functional changes.  (+info)

Bodily secretions are substances that are produced and released by various glands and organs in the body. These secretions help maintain the body's homeostasis, protect it from external threats, and aid in digestion and other physiological processes. Examples of bodily secretions include:

1. Sweat: A watery substance produced by sweat glands to regulate body temperature through evaporation.
2. Sebaceous secretions: Oily substances produced by sebaceous glands to lubricate and protect the skin and hair.
3. Saliva: A mixture of water, enzymes, electrolytes, and mucus produced by salivary glands to aid in digestion and speech.
4. Tears: A mixture of water, electrolytes, and proteins produced by the lacrimal glands to lubricate and protect the eyes.
5. Mucus: A slippery substance produced by mucous membranes lining various body cavities, such as the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, to trap and remove foreign particles and pathogens.
6. Gastric juices: Digestive enzymes and hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach to break down food.
7. Pancreatic juices: Digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas to further break down food in the small intestine.
8. Bile: A greenish-brown alkaline fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder, which helps digest fats and eliminate waste products.
9. Menstrual blood: The shedding of the uterine lining that occurs during menstruation, containing blood, mucus, and endometrial tissue.
10. Vaginal secretions: Fluid produced by the vagina to maintain its moisture, pH balance, and provide a protective barrier against infections.
11. Semen: A mixture of sperm cells, fluids from the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral glands that aids in the transportation and survival of sperm during sexual reproduction.

Females also use bodily secretions and feces. Following Professor Aharoni's collection in 1930, only infrequent sightings and ... Golden hamsters mark their burrows with secretions from special scent glands on their hips called flank glands. Male hamsters ...
During the medical exam, evidence of bodily secretions is assessed. Dried semen that is on clothing and skin can be detected ... Before the complete bodily and genital exam, the patient is asked to undress, standing on a white sheet that collects any ... around an act of forced vaginal intercourse perpetrated through physical violence or imminent threat of death or severe bodily ...
Adult flies are believed to feed on bodily secretions of bats. The fly measures about 1 cm long, with hairy legs, and, due to ...
She uses bodily secretions to prevent other colony members from laying viable eggs. The workers spend little time licking or ... If this fails to summon enough assistance, it releases a further secretion on the ground and lays a trail back to the colony. ... The original ant liberates a glandular secretion which attracts other workers within about two metres (yards) of the release ...
The female then covers this hole with frass and other bodily secretions (Solomon, 1995). During this process, the female's mate ...
The least severe of these is the freezing of bodily secretions due to evaporative cooling. Severe symptoms, such as loss of ...
Goblin spirituality revolves around unggue, the collection of bodily secretions such as earwax in magical pots. (Other ...
Non-keratinized surfaces must be kept moist by bodily secretions to prevent them from drying out. Cells of stratum corneum are ...
Transmission occurs by direct contact with infected animals, carcasses, bodily fluids (urine, feces, respiratory secretions), ...
The bark of Velvetleaf can reduce the flow of bodily fluids such as blood, secretions, and mucous. It can promote the flow of ...
Some cases are diagnosed after patients were exposed to the urine or bodily secretions of an infected animal. These secretions ... which is passed from rodent to human by the rodent's urine or mucous secretions. Alternative names for rat-bite fever include ...
Later, this testing method was extended to identifying the sources of other bodily secretions such as saliva and semen. ...
Contamination can occur when one of these objects comes into contact with bodily secretions, like nasal fluid, vomit, or feces ...
The Se gene, which encodes the enzyme α-2-L-fucosyltransferase, controls the formation of H antigen in bodily secretions. In ... People who secrete these antigens in their bodily fluids are referred to as secretors, while people who do not are termed non- ... Secretor status refers to the presence or absence of water-soluble ABO blood group antigens in a person's bodily fluids, such ...
The aerosols might be generated from sources of infection such as the bodily secretions of an infected individual, or ... Indoor respiratory secretion transfer data suggest that droplets/aerosols in the 20 μm size range initially travel with the air ... but may also contribute to the spread of respiratory secretions inside a room. A layered risk-management approach to slowing ...
In some jurisdictions, battery has recently been constructed to include directing bodily secretions (i.e., spitting) at another ... Instead, the Code has an offense of assault, and assault causing bodily harm. Battery is a common law offence within England ... Aggravated battery charges may occur when a battery causes serious bodily injury or permanent disfigurement. As a successor to ... In Florida, aggravated battery is the intentional infliction of great bodily harm and is a second-degree felony, whereas ...
Grant taught that the true secret of sex magic were bodily secretions, the most important of which was a woman's menstrual ... In this he differed from Crowley, who viewed semen as the most important genital secretion. Grant referred to female sexual ... The magical uses of female genital secretions are a recurring theme in Grant's writings. James Lees (August 22, 1939 - 2015) ... secretions as kalas, a term adopted from Sanskrit. He thought that because women have kalas, they have oracular and visionary ...
Some men find the odor of a woman's bodily secretions sexually arousing, and will use the dirty panties as a masturbation aid. ... They serve to keep outer clothing from being soiled or damaged by bodily excretions, to lessen the friction of outerwear ...
Grant taught that the true secret of sex magic were bodily secretions, the most important of which was a woman's menstrual ... In this he differed from Crowley, who viewed semen as the most important genital secretion. Grant referred to female sexual ... The magical uses of female genital secretions are a recurring theme in Grant's writings. James Lees (August 22, 1939 - 2015) ... secretions as kalas, a term adopted from Sanskrit. He thought that because women have kalas, they have oracular and visionary ...
Grant taught that the true secret of sex magic were bodily secretions, the most important of which was a woman's menstrual ... The magical uses of female genital secretions are a recurring theme in Grant's writings. He believed that the XI° degree O.T.O ... In this he differed from Crowley, who viewed semen as the most important genital secretion. Grant referred to female sexual ... secretions as kalas, a term adopted from Sanskrit. He thought that because women have kalas, they have oracular and visionary ...
... (mucopolysaccharide) is a kind of mucus (an external bodily secretion) produced by snails, which are gastropod ... In Cornu aspersum, there are three types of secretion. One type is translucent and not adhesive, the kind that the snail leaves ... When inactive, many mollusks of both marine and terrestrial species, use the secretion to stick to various surfaces. However, ... Verdugo, P., Deyrup-Olsen, I., Aitken, M., Villalon, M. and Johnson, D. (1987). Molecular mechanism of Mucin Secretion: The ...
... and bodily fluids. Masks can protect healthy people from illness by limiting the spread of respiratory droplets and aerosols. ... The PPE cloth acts as a barrier with the capacity to prevent contaminants from entering the body through respiratory secretions ...
The male and his close-knit female harem apply bodily secretions on each other, which could possibly allow them to recognize ... chemically analyzed these secretions, revealing that they may be required in chemosensory mediated communication and mate ... An increase in the number of receptors might influence the amount of negative feedback on corticosteroid secretion and prevent ...
Virus is transmitted via direct contact, bodily secretions and contaminated fomites, with the virus being able to persist in ...
The CCHF virus is typically spread by tick bites or close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of ...
... or bodily secretions of a divine being. Earth-diver creation in which a diver, usually a bird or amphibian sent by a creator, ... or pure thought of a creator but creation ex nihilo may also take place through a creator's bodily secretions. The literal ... or secretion. An alternative system based on six recurring narrative themes was designed by Raymond Van Over: Primeval abyss, ...
Bodily fluids which did not require such precautions included nasal secretions, vomitus, perspiration, sputum and saliva. Since ... Universal precautions refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients' bodily fluids, by means of the ... Universal precautions were typically practiced in any environment where workers were exposed to bodily fluids, such as blood, ... and healthcare workers who came into contact with patients and their bodily fluids. This included staff and others who might ...
... dream or bodily secretions of a divine being. Earth diver creation in which a diver, usually a bird or amphibian sent by a ...
... from various bodily secretions and needle biopsies; the specimens may include gynecological smears (Pap smears), sputum, ... it is also used to stain non-gynecological specimen preparations from a variety of bodily secretions and from small needle ...
Before pupation, the larva gathers leaves and adheres them together with its bodily secretions to form a cocoon, situated ... The eggs are laid in overlapping layers of up to 900, protected by a yellow cocoon built by the female using her secretions and ...
Non-Invasive Diagnostic Techniques Using Bodily Secretions for Health Monitoring @elity-sitio 65 ... By utilizing these bodily secretions for diagnosis, we can eliminate the fear of needles, making health monitoring more ... Secretions such as saliva, earwax, tears, and even breath are being considered, so join me as I go through these secretions and ... When we want to analyze bodily fluids, Saliva isnt new in this regard, although blood is the first fluid you would pick. ...
1. Protects clothing from bodily secretions. As we move throughout our day, we can release sweat, blood, vaginal discharge, and ... Underwear poses various benefits, such as protection from bacterial growth, holds bodily secretions, and improved self-esteem. ... Underwear can help catch these secretions, preventing them from leaking onto our clothing. If you experience heavier discharges ...
It is transmitted through blood and other bodily fluids, such as semen and vaginal secretions. ...
Females also use bodily secretions and feces. Following Professor Aharonis collection in 1930, only infrequent sightings and ... Golden hamsters mark their burrows with secretions from special scent glands on their hips called flank glands. Male hamsters ...
The virus spreads through bodily secretions; bugs can serve as a taxi for infected saliva or feces to zip through a house. In ...
Categories: Bodily Secretions Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted ...
All respiratory secretions and bodily fluids, including diarrheal stools, of patients with influenza are considered to be ... Facemasks may also help reduce exposure of the wearers saliva and respiratory secretions to others. While a facemask may be ... Wear gowns for any patient-care activity when contact with blood, body fluids, secretions (including respiratory), or ... especially before and after each patient contact and contact with respiratory secretions) should be reinforced. ...
Ever prurient hook of sexuality is undermined by the muck of sordidness and bodily secretions. You mind has to get some ... you may need to stomach more than your desired share of descriptions of a variety of bodily functions and fluids in this book! ...
Regulate bodily secretions and their viscosity. *Dilate or constricting blood vessels. *Regulate collateral circulation ...
bodily secretions (7) * intestines (5) * neurons (5) * agonists (4) * diabetes mellitus, type 2 (3) ... Open the PDF for Stimulation of GLP-1 Secretion Downstream of the Ligand-Gated Ion Channel TRPA1 in another window ... Open the PDF for Short-Chain Fatty Acids Stimulate Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Secretion via the G-Protein-Coupled Receptor FFAR2 ... Short-Chain Fatty Acids Stimulate Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Secretion via the G-Protein-Coupled Receptor FFAR2 ...
Infection that confirms mucosal contact with infected bodily secretions (ie, indicating that contact was most likely sexual) ...
Also, gloves that were contacted with blood, bodily fluids, and secretions should never be reused. Continuing to use them puts ...
Canine Hepatitis occurs when a dog ingests or breathes in bodily secretions from an infected animal. Most commonly, a dog ...
Touching bodily secretions and then dabbing fingers over common surfaces helps germs to spread. ... 6. Leaving bodily fluids behind in restrooms. Not everyone in the world has toilets. Not everyone in the world has flush ...
HIV is transmitted from person to person most commonly in blood and bodily secretions, such as semen. A person with HIV is ...
They expressly address issues regarding the handling of infected bodily secretions, contaminated clothing, sick houses, and ...
disposable nappies, items used to dispose of urine, faeces and other bodily secretions or excretions ...
The Ebola virus can only be transmitted through direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids from a ...
Give workers protective clothing (e.g., isolation gowns) if they could get blood, respiratory secretions, or other bodily ...
It moisturizes while it stimulates secretions, helping replenish and rebuild bodily fluids. . Types of Oils. There are four ... Oily foods decrease gastric secretion but increase bile production. As it suppresses hydrochloric acids, fat specifically ...
Discarding disposable N95 respirators if contaminated with blood, respiratory secretions, or other bodily fluids from patients. ... Discard disposable N95 respirators contaminated with blood, respiratory or nasal secretions, or other bodily fluids from ... If the outside of the mask has been contaminated by coming in contact with patient secretions, discard and use a new mask. In ... In bronchoscopy, creation of splashes and sprays of respiratory secretions is likely. Thus, when bronchoscopy is performed on a ...
Thats a brain secretion to stimulate and control bodily movement.. Dopamine loss first causes tremors, unsteadiness, and ...
... bodily secretions, such as urine or vaginal fluid. In humans, however:. Miller and Maner (2010) reported two studies in which ...
These compounds are produced through bodily secretions such as urine or sweat. However, it is still unknown whether they are ... Humans may also produce pheromones from bodily secretions such as urine or sweat; three main putative human pheromones have ...
droppings and bodily secretions stain and leave a foul odour that can permeate infestation areas, food and packaging; ...
To be honest though, if you work with other peoples keyboards, boogers are probably the least worrisome bodily secretions ...
... which is easily transmitted by airborne particles from bodily secretions. The disease can lead to death within hours and ...
  • Although egg whites may resemble vaginal secretions during the time of ovulation , doctors do not recommend using them in the vagina because their safety is unknown. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • HIV lives in the blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk or any bodily fluid that contains blood cells. (maricopa.gov)
  • During the time between exposure and the test, it is important to avoid any behavior that might result in exposure to blood, semen, or vaginal secretions. (maricopa.gov)
  • IgA is found in body fluids such as tears, saliva, mucosa, and other bodily secretions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Contamination of food items and equipment from saliva, droppings and bodily secretions. (rentokil.com)
  • Scientists studying a growing population of rhesus macaques in Silver Springs State Park say that rather than just carrying herpes B, which is common in the species, some of the monkeys have the virus in their saliva and other bodily fluids, posing a potential risk of spreading the disease. (winknews.com)
  • It can also be transmitted through nasal secretions, blood transfusions, and sexual contact. (nih.gov)
  • The canine distemper virus mainly spreads through air borne droplets and other bodily fluids including nasal, ocular (eye) secretions and urine. (dailymirror.lk)
  • Females also use bodily secretions and feces. (wikipedia.org)
  • n this way, blood, feces, urine and other bodily secretions mix freely and deadly pathogens can originate. (change.org)
  • Amongst humans, Ebola is transmitted by contact with infected bodily fluids and/or tissues ( 2, 3 ). (stanford.edu)
  • The best natural lubricants are those that mimic natural bodily secretions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • "bodily fluid" means a natural bodily fluid or secretion. (gov.mb.ca)
  • specific proteins generated (or previously present in blood, lymph, or mucosal secretions) to react with a specific antigen. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. (disabled-world.com)
  • Hepatitis B is spread through blood and infected bodily fluids. (hepb.org)
  • This means that the blood and bodily fluids of all adults and children should be treated as if it is potentially infectious. (hepb.org)
  • Avoid direct contact with blood, vomit, diarrhea and other bodily secretions, and ensure that others will not come into contact with them either. (hepb.org)
  • These are vital and adds extra barrier of protection to our employees and prevents transmission of contaminants from blood, bodily fluids or respiratory secretions which can cause cross contamination between different species in the BLDG 49 Central Animal Facilities. (nih.gov)
  • The secondary cases of filovirus infection have been the result of contact with contaminated blood, organs, semen or other bodily secretions. (stanford.edu)
  • In the healthcare setting, routine practices are based on the premise that all blood, bodily fluids, secretions, excretions, mucous membranes, non-intact skin or soiled items are potentially infectious. (toronto.ca)
  • Spreading the virus requires contact with large doses of bodily secretions such as blood or vomit. (northcountrypublicradio.org)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Guideline for Isolation Precautions, isolation gowns should be worn to protect HCWs' arms and exposed body areas during procedures and patient-care activities when anticipating contact with clothing, blood, bodily fluids, secretions and excretions. (cdc.gov)
  • Isolation gowns currently available on the marketplace offer varying resistance to blood and other bodily fluids depending on the type of the material, its impermeability, and wear and tear. (cdc.gov)
  • The Marburg virus can spread through direct contact with blood, secretions, or other bodily fluids from infected people, according to the W.H.O. It can also spread through contact with contaminated surfaces and materials like bedding or clothing. (reachmd.com)
  • GPCRs help control practically every bodily process, including cell growth, hormone secretion and light perception. (nih.gov)
  • These types of pills improve balanced hormone harmony and better secretion regarding testosterone bodily hormone. (articlefield.com)
  • The hypothalamus is located in the brain and plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including hormone production and secretion. (proprofs.com)
  • Regulations under The Testing of Bodily Fluids and Disclosure Act in force on November 24, 2023 (unless otherwise noted). (gov.mb.ca)
  • a tube, canal, or vessel conveying a body fluid, especially a glandular secretion or excretion. (dictionary.com)
  • Still, he said, while the research confirms the presence of the virus in the monkeys' bodily secretions, more work needs to be done to establish how much virus there is, and how easily transferable it is. (winknews.com)
  • Together with proper junk secretion guys find reenergized reproductive system which can be energetic along with lively. (articlefield.com)
  • The virus, spread by contact with bodily fluids, causes fevers and potentially fatal bleeding. (medscape.com)
  • A healthy animal may contract canine distemper from direct contact with an infected animal or its bodily secretions and waste. (tn.gov)
  • All of these inherited and acquired abnormalities converge on the lamellar body secretory system, producing abnormalities in lipid composition, secretion, and/or extracellular lamellar membrane organization, as well as antimicrobial defense. (nih.gov)
  • Unlike endocrine glands, which secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream, exocrine glands release their secretions through ducts that carry them to specific locations in the body or outside the body. (proprofs.com)
  • The pituitary gland, also known as the master gland of the body, is responsible for producing and releasing hormones that regulate various bodily functions. (proprofs.com)
  • CMV is present in bodily secretions and is spread through close personal contact, such as kissing or sharing eating utensils. (nih.gov)
  • It comes straight from a larval lac beetle's bodily secretions-collected after it sucks out tree sap, wraps itself in a cocoon to mature, and mates. (good.is)
  • For other patients, doctors may suggest calcimimetics - drugs that can decrease the secretion of PTH. (healthline.com)
  • Circumcision may prevent transmission of some sexually transmitted diseases because the region beneath the foreskin is "thought to 'trap' pathogens and bodily secretions, and favor their survival," the AAP says. (livescience.com)