Bodily Secretions: Endogenous substances produced through the activity of intact cells of glands, tissues, or organs.SyriaExpeditions: Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Mesocricetus: A genus of the family Muridae having three species. The present domesticated strains were developed from individuals brought from Syria. They are widely used in biomedical research.TurkeyLeontopithecus: The genus of lion tamarins in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE. The common name refers to the mane on the shoulders.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.Intervertebral Disc Displacement: An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.Hydrogel: A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.HistoryFamous PersonsWilliams Syndrome: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.AlabamaBence Jones Protein: An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.Beds: Equipment on which one may lie and sleep, especially as used to care for the hospital patient.Sleep: A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.Ear Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.Bedding and Linens: Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Ceiba: A plant genus of the family BOMBACACEAE. The fine silky hairs covering the seeds have been used for floatation, stuffing, and insulation.Pressure Ulcer: An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.Phosphotungstic Acid: Tungsten hydroxide oxide phosphate. A white or slightly yellowish-green, slightly efflorescent crystal or crystalline powder. It is used as a reagent for alkaloids and many other nitrogen bases, for phenols, albumin, peptone, amino acids, uric acid, urea, blood, and carbohydrates. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Papanicolaou Test: Cytological preparation of cells collected from a mucosal surface and stained with Papanicolaou stain.Hematoxylin: A dye obtained from the heartwood of logwood (Haematoxylon campechianum Linn., Leguminosae) used as a stain in microscopy and in the manufacture of ink.Tartrazine: An anionic, hydrophilic azo dye with an orange-yellow color used in fabrics, foods and cosmetics, and as a biological stain.Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Staining and Labeling: The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.Staphylococcus aureus: Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.Methicillin Resistance: Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Vancomycin: Antibacterial obtained from Streptomyces orientalis. It is a glycopeptide related to RISTOCETIN that inhibits bacterial cell wall assembly and is toxic to kidneys and the inner ear.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola: A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.Ebolavirus: A genus in the family FILOVIRIDAE consisting of several distinct species of Ebolavirus, each containing separate strains. These viruses cause outbreaks of a contagious, hemorrhagic disease (HEMORRHAGIC FEVER, EBOLA) in humans, usually with high mortality.Ebola Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent EBOLA HEMORRHAGIC FEVER.Marburg Virus Disease: An RNA virus infection of rhesus, vervet, and squirrel monkeys transmissible to man.Democratic Republic of the Congo: A republic in central Africa, east of the REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, south of the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and north of ANGOLA and ZAMBIA. The capital is Kinshasa.Filoviridae: A family of RNA viruses, of the order MONONEGAVIRALES, containing filamentous virions. Although they resemble RHABDOVIRIDAE in possessing helical nucleocapsids, Filoviridae differ in the length and degree of branching in their virions. There are two genera: EBOLAVIRUS and MARBURGVIRUS.Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral: A group of viral diseases of diverse etiology but having many similar clinical characteristics; increased capillary permeability, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia are common to all. Hemorrhagic fevers are characterized by sudden onset, fever, headache, generalized myalgia, backache, conjunctivitis, and severe prostration, followed by various hemorrhagic symptoms. Hemorrhagic fever with kidney involvement is HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME.Russia (Pre-1917)Awards and PrizesGold Colloid: A suspension of metallic gold particles.Ankyrins: A family of membrane-associated proteins responsible for the attachment of the cytoskeleton. Erythrocyte-related isoforms of ankyrin attach the SPECTRIN cytoskeleton to a transmembrane protein (ANION EXCHANGE PROTEIN 1, ERYTHROCYTE) in the erythrocyte plasma membrane. Brain-related isoforms of ankyrin also exist.Pseudohypoaldosteronism: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by renal electrolyte transport dysfunctions. Congenital forms are rare autosomal disorders characterized by neonatal hypertension, HYPERKALEMIA, increased RENIN activity and ALDOSTERONE concentration. The Type I features HYPERKALEMIA with sodium wasting; Type II, HYPERKALEMIA without sodium wasting. Pseudohypoaldosteronism can be the result of a defective renal electrolyte transport protein or acquired after KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Miller Fisher Syndrome: A variant of the GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME characterized by the acute onset of oculomotor dysfunction, ataxia, and loss of deep tendon reflexes with relative sparing of strength in the extremities and trunk. The ataxia is produced by peripheral sensory nerve dysfunction and not by cerebellar injury. Facial weakness and sensory loss may also occur. The process is mediated by autoantibodies directed against a component of myelin found in peripheral nerves. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1313; Neurology 1987 Sep;37(9):1493-8)

On the diversity of secreted phospholipases A(2). Cloning, tissue distribution, and functional expression of two novel mouse group II enzymes. (1/158)

Over the last decade, an expanding diversity of secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) has been identified in mammals. Here, we report the cloning in mice of three additional sPLA(2)s called mouse group IIE (mGIIE), IIF (mGIIF), and X (mGX) sPLA(2)s, thus giving rise to eight distinct sPLA(2)s in this species. Both mGIIE and mGIIF sPLA(2)s contain the typical cysteines of group II sPLA(2)s, but have relatively low levels of identity (less than 51%) with other mouse sPLA(2)s, indicating that these enzymes are novel group II sPLA(2)s. However, a unique feature of mGIIF sPLA(2) is the presence of a C-terminal extension of 23 amino acids containing a single cysteine. mGX sPLA(2) has 72% identity with the previously cloned human group X (hGX) sPLA(2) and displays similar structural features, making it likely that mGX sPLA(2) is the ortholog of hGX sPLA(2). Genes for mGIIE and mGIIF sPLA(2)s are located on chromosome 4, and that of mGX sPLA(2) on chromosome 16. Northern and dot blot experiments with 22 tissues indicate that all eight mouse sPLA(2)s have different tissue distributions, suggesting specific functions for each. mGIIE sPLA(2) is highly expressed in uterus, and at lower levels in various other tissues. mGIIF sPLA(2) is strongly expressed during embryogenesis and in adult testis. mGX sPLA(2) is mostly expressed in adult testis and stomach. When the cDNAs for the eight mouse sPLA(2)s were transiently transfected in COS cells, sPLA(2) activity was found to accumulate in cell medium, indicating that each enzyme is secreted and catalytically active. Using COS cell medium as a source of enzymes, pH rate profile and phospholipid headgroup specificity of the novel sPLA(2)s were analyzed and compared with the other mouse sPLA(2)s.  (+info)

Induced desensitization of the insulinotropic effects of antidiabetic drugs, BTS 67 582 and tolbutamide. (2/158)

Acute and chronic mechanisms of action of novel insulinotropic antidiabetic drug, BTS 67 582 (1, 1-dimethyl-2-(2-morpholinophenyl)guanidine fumarate), were examined in the stable cultured BRIN-BD11 cell line. BTS 67 582 (100 - 400 microM) stimulated a concentration-dependent increase (P<0.01) in insulin release at both non-stimulatory (1.1 mM) and stimulatory (8. 4 mM) glucose. Long-term exposure (3 - 18 h) to 100 microM BTS 67 582 in culture time-dependently decreased subsequent responsiveness to acute challenge with 200 microM BTS 67 582 or 200 microM tolbutamide at 12 - 18 h (P<0.001). Similarly 3 - 18 h culture with the sulphonylurea, tolbutamide (100 microM), also effectively suppressed subsequent insulinotropic responses to both BTS 67 582 and tolbutamide. Culture with 100 microM BTS 67 582 or 100 microM tolbutamide did not affect basal insulin secretion, cellular insulin content, or cell viability and exerted no influence on the secretory responsiveness to 200 microM of the imidazoline, efaroxan. While 18 h BTS 67 582 culture did not affect the insulin-releasing actions (P<0.001) of 16.7 mM glucose, 10 mM arginine, 30 mM KCl, 25 microM forskolin or 10 nM phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), significant inhibition (P<0.001) of the insulinotropic effects of 10 mM 2-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) and 10 mM alanine were observed. These data suggest that BTS 67 582 shares a common signalling pathway to sulphonylurea but not imidazoline drugs. Desensitization of drug action may provide an important approach to dissect sites of action of novel and established insulinotropic antidiabetic agents.  (+info)

Fork head prevents apoptosis and promotes cell shape change during formation of the Drosophila salivary glands. (3/158)

The secretory tubes of the Drosophila salivary glands are formed by the regulated, sequential internalization of the primordia. Secretory cell invagination occurs by a change in cell shape that includes basal nuclear migration and apical membrane constriction. In embryos mutant for fork head (fkh), which encodes a transcription factor homologous to mammalian hepatocyte nuclear factor 3beta (HNF-3beta), the secretory primordia are not internalized and secretory tubes do not form. Here, we show that secretory cells of fkh mutant embryos undergo extensive apoptotic cell death following the elevated expression of the apoptotic activator genes, reaper and head involution defective. We rescue the secretory cell death in the fkh mutants and show that the rescued cells still do not invaginate. The rescued fkh secretory cells undergo basal nuclear migration in the same spatial and temporal pattern as in wild-type secretory cells, but do not constrict their apical surface membranes. Our findings suggest at least two roles for fkh in formation of the embryonic salivary glands: an early role in promoting survival of the secretory cells, and a later role in secretory cell invagination, specifically in the constriction of the apical surface membrane.  (+info)

Distinct roles for L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels in regulation of atrial ANP release. (4/158)

Atrial secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been shown to be regulated by atrial workload. Although modulating factors for the secretion of ANP have been reported, the role for intracellular Ca(2+) on the secretion of ANP has been controversial. The purpose of the present study was to define roles for L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels in the regulation of ANP secretion in perfused beating rabbit atria. BAY K 8644 (BAY K) increased atrial stroke volume and pulse pressure. BAY K suppressed ANP secretion and ANP concentration in terms of extracellular fluid (ECF) translocation concomitantly with an increase in atrial dynamics. BAY K shifted the relationship between ANP secretion and ECF translocation downward and rightward. These results indicate that BAY K inhibits myocytic release of ANP. In the continuous presence of BAY K, diltiazem reversed the effects of BAY K. Diltiazem alone increased ANP secretion and ANP concentration along with a decrease in atrial dynamics. Diltiazem shifted relationships between ANP secretion and atrial stroke volume or ECF translocation leftward. The T-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitor mibefradil decreased atrial dynamics. Mibefradil inhibited ANP secretion and ANP concentration in contrast with the L-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitor. These results suggest that activation of L- and T-type Ca(2+) channels elicits opposite effects on atrial myocytic release of ANP.  (+info)

Effect of itraconazole on the pharmacokinetics of prednisolone and methylprednisolone and cortisol secretion in healthy subjects. (5/158)

AIMS: Itraconazole is a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 activity and is often used in combination with corticosteroids. Since the latter are partly metabolized by CYP3A4, we studied the interaction between itraconazole, prednisone and methylprednisolone in healthy male subjects. METHODS: The effects of 4 days administration of oral itraconazole (400 mg on the first day then 200 mg day-1 for 3 days) on the pharmacokinetics of prednisolone after a single oral dose of prednisone (60 mg) and the pharmacokinetics of methylprednisolone after single oral dose of methylprednisolone (48 mg) were studied in 14 healthy male subjects in a two-period cross-over trial. Plasma cortisol concentrations were determined as a pharmacodynamic index. RESULTS: Itraconazole increased the mean area under the methylprednisolone concentration-time curve from 2773 ng ml-1 h to 7011 ng ml-1 h (P < 0.001) and the elimination half-life from 3.2 h to 5.5 h (P < 0.001). The pharmacokinetics of prednisolone were unchanged. Cortisol concentrations at 24 h were lower after administration of methylprednisolone with itraconazole than after methylprednisolone alone (24 ng ml-1 vs 109 ng ml-1, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Itraconazole increased methylprednisolone concentrations markedly with enhanced suppression of endogenous cortisol secretion, but had no effect on prednisolone pharmacokinetics. The pharmacokinetic interaction between methylprednisolone and itraconazole is probably related to inhibition of hepatic CYP3A4 activity by itraconazole.  (+info)

Nasal and vaginal vaccinations have differential effects on antibody responses in vaginal and cervical secretions in humans. (6/158)

Sexually transmitted diseases are a major health problem worldwide, but there is still a lack of knowledge about how to induce an optimal immune response in the genital tract of humans. In this study we vaccinated 21 volunteers nasally or vaginally with the model mucosal antigen cholera toxin B subunit and determined the level of specific immunoglobulin A (IgA) and IgG antibodies in vaginal and cervical secretions as well as in serum. To assess the hormonal influence on the induction of antibody responses after vaginal vaccination, we administered the vaccine either independently of the stage in the menstrual cycle or on days 10 and 24 in the cycle in different groups of subjects. Vaginal and nasal vaccinations both resulted in significant IgA and IgG anti-cholera toxin B subunit responses in serum in the majority of the volunteers in the various vaccination groups. Only vaginal vaccination given on days 10 and 24 in the cycle induced strong specific antibody responses in the cervix with 58-fold IgA and 16-fold IgG increases. In contrast, modest responses were seen after nasal vaccination and in the other vaginally vaccinated group. Nasal vaccination was superior in inducing a specific IgA response in vaginal secretions, giving a 35-fold increase, while vaginal vaccination induced only a 5-fold IgA increase. We conclude that a combination of nasal and vaginal vaccination might be the best vaccination strategy for inducing protective antibody responses in both cervical and vaginal secretions, provided that the vaginal vaccination is given on optimal time points in the cycle.  (+info)

Characterization of temperature-sensitive mutations in the yeast syntaxin 1 homologues Sso1p and Sso2p, and evidence of a distinct function for Sso1p in sporulation. (7/158)

The duplicated genes SSO1 and SSO2 encode yeast homologues of syntaxin 1 and perform an essential function during fusion of secretory vesicles at the plasma membrane. We have used in vitro mutagenesis to obtain a temperature-sensitive SSO2 allele, sso2-1, in which a conserved arginine has been changed to a lysine. A yeast strain that lacks SSO1 and carries the sso2-1 allele ceases growth and accumulates secretory vesicles at the restrictive temperature. Interestingly, the strain also has a pronounced phenotype at the permissive temperature, causing a defect in bud neck closure that prevents separation of mother and daughter cells. The same mutation was introduced into SSO1, producing the sso1-1 allele, which also has a temperature-sensitive phenotype, although less pronounced than sso2-1. A screen for high copy number suppressors of sso2-1 yielded three genes that are involved in the terminal step of secretion: SNC1, SNC2 and SEC9. The sso1-1 mutation interacts synthetically with a disruption of the MSO1 gene, which encodes a Sec1p interacting protein. Interestingly, we further found that both MSO1 and SSO1, but not SSO2, are required for sporulation. This difference is not due to differential expression, since SSO2 expressed from the SSO1 promoter failed to restore sporulation. We conclude that a functional difference exists between the Sso1 and Sso2 proteins, with the former being specifically required during sporulation.  (+info)

Induction of secretory pathway components in yeast is associated with increased stability of their mRNA. (8/158)

The overexpression of certain membrane proteins is accompanied by a striking proliferation of intracellular membranes. One of the best characterized inducers of membrane proliferation is the 180-kD mammalian ribosome receptor (p180), whose expression in yeast results in increases in levels of mRNAs encoding proteins that function in the secretory pathway, and an elevation in the cell's ability to secrete proteins. In this study we demonstrate that neither the unfolded protein response nor increased transcription accounts for membrane proliferation or the observed increase in secretory pathway mRNAs. Rather, p180-induced up-regulation of certain secretory pathway transcripts is due to a p180-mediated increase in the longevity of these mRNA species, as determined by measurements of transcriptional activity and specific mRNA turnover. Moreover, we show that the longevity of mRNA in general is substantially promoted through the process of its targeting to the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum. With respect to the terminal differentiation of secretory tissues, results from this model system provide insights into how the expression of a single protein, p180, could result in substantial morphological and functional changes.  (+info)

A containment and disposal bag for human bodily fluids is disclosed which includes a bag having a hollow interior and a top at least partially open to receive the bodily fluids; preferably a funnel structure within the bag to channel said bodily fluids into the interior and to restrict expulsion of bodily fluids from the interior prior to sequestration; a hydrophilic material within the bag which is rapidly gellable upon contact with the bodily fluids in the bag, the gellation serving to essentially completely sequester the bodily fluids and prevent it from thereafter being expelled from the bag; and a closure to close the top of the bag after introduction of the bodily fluids into the bag. The hydrophilic material is commonly a polymer which is activated upon contact with the water-based bodily fluids and which gels rapidly (normally within thirty seconds or less) to sequester the bodily fluids. The hydrophilic material commonly is part of a mixture of materials which also may contain enzymes,
... lung may undergo apoptosis and/or necrosis and release toxic cellular contents that can injure airways or parenchyma. compartmentalized KR1_HHV11 antibody to large airways and not detected in peripheral bronchoalveolar airspaces sampled via bronchoalveolar lavage. Peripheral blood neutrophils from healthy subjects cultured exhibited that annexin 1 degradation, particularly to a 33?kDa annexin 1 breakdown product (A1-BP), was associated with neutrophil necrosis, but not apoptosis. Although annexin 1 degradation was not specific to neutrophil necrosis, it was a sensitive marker of intracellular protein degradation associated with neutrophil necrosis. Annexin 1 degradation to 33?kDa A1-BP was not observed in peripheral blood neutrophils from healthy subjects, but annexin 1 appeared to be degraded in peripheral blood neutrophils of lung transplant recipients despite a normal morphologic appearance of these ...
Lets just say, Ive seen some awesome water births. Peaceful, lovely… the baby sliding out of mama and being caught in her hands just before total ejection… then being lifted to -and out of- the surface, pulled into his or her mothers breasts for safekeeping. Heartwarming at the very least.. But, as Ive been re-evaluating all the different aspects of home and hospital birth, I couldnt let water births go without examination.. There is no doubt that being in the water is calming for a mom, allowing the uterus to "float" off the nerves, diminishing pain considerably. "The midwifes epidural" its been called and I would attest to that many times over. But what of the ick that is a common and pervasive part of birth? "Ick" being bodily secretions like urine, feces, and mucous. We might include blood, sweat, tears and possibly even saliva, even though most people dont think of those as being too icky.. Mind you, Ive never had a problem with bodily secretions during birth. (Well, except for ...
Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic illness, i.e. a disease primarily transmitted from animals to humans. It was first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo and has been found to occur sporadically in other parts of Africa, including Nigeria. It is normally spread by direct contact with bodily fluids (blood, secretions) or mucosal lesions of infected animals such as monkeys and rodents (squirrels, bush meat). Human-to-human transmission can occur following contact with infected respiratory tract secretions or skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials. It can also spread from mother to child through the placenta (congenital monkeypox).. The illness is characterized by fever, headache, body aches, feeling tired, swollen lymph nodes and its characteristic rash. About 1 to 3 days of fever, the rash erupts, beginning on the face and then spreading to the body with the face and palms/soles being most affected. This ...
Though the natural animal host, known as the reservoir, for ebola virus is uncertain, evidence indicates that the virus is introduced into human populations through contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected animal. Once the virus spills over into humans, it spreads in a similar manner, through direct contact with blood and other bodily fluids (including urine, feces, vomit, saliva, sweat) of an infected person, or objects such as bedding contaminated with any of these. Luckily, ebola virus is not spread via air or water, so catching it on an airplane is unlikely. The virus enters the body through mucous membranes, such as the eyes and mouth, and breaks in the skin. It then infects individual cells by binding to host proteins on the cell surface. The interaction between viral and host cell proteins allow ebola virus to be engulfed by the cell. Once inside the cell, the virus releases its genetic material (RNA) and hijacks the host cells RNA replication and protein synthesis ...
Sept. 16 - Despite major health-care advances in recent decades, medical researchers have not figured out what causes chronic diseases such as asthma, leukemia, Alzheimers and autism. With the help of federal grants, states are setting up laboratories to measure the level of chemicals that seep into our bodies from the environment to try to uncover whether such pollutants are causing disease.
Methods and devices for modifying the location at which bodily fluids interact with nutrients in a gastrointestinal tract having a conduit having a first end and a second end, the first end configured to divert bodily fluids from an entrance within a gastrointestinal tract to a location downstream from the entrance, and means for attaching the second end to the entrance.
8 posts. The first post is one of my favorite posts of all time. It is an analysis of the ISDA/AHA clinical practice guidelines on enterococcal infective endocarditis. The post is essentially a recap and summary of Twitter conversations on the subject with some additional research to provide some context. The remainder of the month has some solid work, including a post on dialysis for cast nephropathy bemoaning the lack of Gambro 1100 dialyzer availability in the US and a follow-up on the enterococcal post with a deep dive into additional data. Social poked through in a post on the horrible slides provided by the ASN by Myron Miller. I had a nice email from Paul Segal coming to Dr. Millers defense and a tweet from Jim Smith regarding the post ...
OncoLink, the Webs first cancer resource,provides comprehensive information on coping with cancer, cancer treatments, cancer research advances, continuing medical education, cancer prevention, and clinical trials
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
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A nipple piercing infection is most often caused by frequently touching the piercing site. Tight clothing may also irritate the piercing, and exposure to saliva or other bodily fluids may cause infection. Learn how to tell the difference between an irritated and an infected nipple piercing, and when to see your doctor.
It has been known for decades that DNA from cells can escape and circulate as free-floating DNA, so-called cell-free DNA (cfDNA), in the bloodstream. In a cancer patient, the mutated DNA from tumor cells also escapes into the blood stream. This happens in proportion to the number of tumors and cancer cells in the body. In this case the DNA is called circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA). All circulating DNA is rapidly degraded to short fragments. Therefore, the quantity of ctDNA at a given time point provides a precise snapshot of the current tumor burden. Importantly, the ctDNA also makes its way into other bodily fluids such as the urine, and depending on the location of the tumor, also into saliva/sputum, cerebrospinal fluid, and other secretions. Together, the interrogation of these fluids as a source of diagnostic specimens is known as the minimally-invasive "liquid biopsy". Until recently, however, the technology has not existed to accurately and reliably distinguish the ctDNA from the ...
Provided is a method of makinga stretched, multilayer breathable film having the combination of properties of: (i) providing a barrier to microorganisms; and (ii) providing a barrier to blood and bodily fluids; said method comprising the steps of: (a) simultaneously extruding at least a five-layer film from a die, said five-layer film having as a minimum the following structure: C:A:B:A:C; where B comprises a microporous core layer containing at least one thremoplastic polymer and at least one particulate filler; C comprises an outer monolithic layer containing a hydrophilic polymeric resin capable of absorbing and desorbing moisture and providing a barrier to aqueous fluids and microorganisms, said C layer being substantially free of particulate filler; and A comprises a microporous adhesive layer for bonding said C layers to said core layer B, wherein said C layer sustantially prevents the buildup of particulate filler material on said die during said extrusion step; (b) stretching said extruded five
Zombie Apocalypse Scenario. Zombies Vs. America is a strategy game that simulates an outbreak of a rabies like disease that turns people into violent, biting maniacs. The zombies in this game would not technically be zombies in the modern sense of the word. They are not dead. You do not have to shoot them in the head to kill them. They are still alive, and they need to eat to survive. The infected in 28 Days Later or I Am Legend would be a pretty good proxy. Here are a few facts about the zombie virus in the game:. 1) The virus is transmitted by bodily fluids like blood and saliva. If an infected bites you, you are likely to become infected.. 2) It takes 2-3 weeks for an infected person to show symptoms. This means that people carrying the virus can move about without easy detection for a while.. 3) The virus is not fatal, but the infected will eventually die of things like starvation, bacterial infections (you get lots of cuts and scrapes when you are a zombie), dehydration or other ...
I know that CMV is shed in urine, among other bodily fluids. I have some questions about this. Does the amount of urine have anything to do with weather a person gets infected with CMV or not? Does CMV...
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are on the rise in the United States. According to the Department of Health and Human Services over 65 million Americans are infected with an incurable STD with an additional 13 million more being infected every year. Most STDs are spread through bodily fluids during sexual contact. However, some STDs are spread through skin to skin contact and cannot be prevented by using a condom. It is important to note abstinence is the only way to prevent 100% of all STDs.. There are currently more than 40 different types of STDs. Some like Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis can be treated with different antibiotics. Others, such as Genital Warts and Herpes, are incurable and stay with you for a life time. HIV, AIDS, and Hepatitis can be life threatening.. Teenagers and young adults who have become sexually active are among the fastest growing group of new cases of STDs. The more partners you have, the higher your risk of contracting an STD.. "When you have sex ...
Find out how HIV is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids and what the risk factors and preventative measures are for HIV transmission.
The business of liquid biopsy is gaining momentum as more companies strive to offer services to characterize mutations found in cell-free circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA). ctDNA are small DNA fragments that are released from dying tumour cells or present in exosomes (secretory vesicles) found circulating in the bloodstream and other bodily fluids such as urine or…
Proteins Are Everywhere. Although it is very difficult to discuss the functions of proteins in simple terms, and it is similarly challenging to explain exactly how they function in everyday life, it is not hard at all to name quite a few areas in which these highly important compounds are applied. As we noted earlier, much of our bodies dry weight-that is, the weight other than water, which accounts for a large percentage of the total-is protein. Our bones, for instance, are about one-fourth protein, and protein makes up a very high percentage of the material in our organs (including the skin), glands, and bodily fluids.. Humans are certainly not the only organisms composed largely of protein: the entire animal world, including the animals we eat and the microbes that enter our bodies (see Digestion and Parasites and Parasitology) likewise is constituted largely of protein. In addition, a whole host of animal products, including leather and wool, are nearly pure protein. So, too, are other, ...
Today was a rough day to be sandwiched. Mom called at 7:45 am to let me know that she had a urine specimen to be dropped off at the lab. My LEAST favorite thing to do? Deliver someone elses bodily fluids. Eeeww. But it had to be done, especially after a failed attempt earlier this…
For the body to function properly it needs to be alkaline. The alkalinity of the body is the capacity of the bodily fluids like urine, saliva and blood
The dangers of contracting hepatitis B tend to be reduce in Panama, nevertheless its even now wise to vaccinate by yourself from it. The vaccine is very significant if you can find any chance youll have connection with bodily fluids of any locals, like by way of sexual Get hold of or in the professional medical location ...
... is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, cells and bodily fluids. The term encompasses both the
plays for his life, Dean returns to the apartment to find replacement DNA. Hes having a tough go of it. "Its too [darn] clean! First witch I ever heard of didnt spew bodily fluids all over the place." Hee. And, eww. Unsanitary!. An itchy Sam bluffs his way into winning a hand. Patrick says he could make a real player out of him, but theres not enough time. Not for Dean at least. Hes going to be dead soon. Panic in his eyes, Sam instantly jumps out of his chair, and Patrick just as quickly mojos him back into it. The games not over until he says it is. Sam begins a furious hand betting and raising, hoping to win before Deans time runs out. Its not looking good … He goes all in as Dean gasps and falls to the floor. The games not over til its over? Fine, now where is Dean. This isnt how Patrick likes to play the game. "Theres poker and then theres suicide." A grim faced Sam tells him to play the hand. Dean lies on the floor struggling for breath. Sams face is drawn and worried as he ...
The Harper government has tabled a bill that would restore the power for courts to order offenders to surrender urine samples or other bodily fluids if they are on probation and suspected of...
Turlock, Calif.-based Turlock Fruit Co. Inc. is for the first time promoting its Orangedew honeydew to customers and new potential customers, and plans to extend acreage as well, said Steve Smith, co-owner ...
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This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate thats been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted - in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.. ...
Extremely premature (birth weight < 1250 g) infants are at high risk for acquiring late-onset sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis, which are associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Own mothers milk contains protective (immune and trophic) biofactors which provide antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory functions, enhance intestinal microbiota, and promote intestinal maturation. Many of these biofactors are most highly concentrated in the milk expressed by mothers of extremely premature infants. However, since extremely premature infants do not receive oral milk feeds until 32 weeks post-conceptional age, they lack the potential benefit provided by milk (biofactor) exposure to oropharyngeal immunocompetent cells, and this deficiency could contribute to late-onset sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis. Therefore, oropharyngeal administration of own mothers milk may improve the health outcomes of these infants. To compare the effects of oropharyngeal
Why colostrum is so important for new babies, read about Mother Natures vaccine to help provide protection from viruses, infections and helps with infants GI
Este Blogue tem como objectivo a discussão da violência em geral e da guerra na Pré-História em particular. A Arqueologia da Península Ibérica tem aqui especial relevo. Esperamos cruzar dados de diferentes campos do conhecimento com destaque para a Antropologia Social. As críticas construtivas são bem vindas neste espaço, que se espera, de conhecimento ...
Mark S. Cracolice Edward I. Peters www.cengage.com/chemistry/cracolice Chapter 18 Chemical Equilibrium Mark S. Cracolice • The University of Montana Collision Theory of Reactions Collision Theory of Gas-phase Reactions A chemical reaction can occur only when two molecules collide with a kinetic energy at least equal to certain energy Ea , called activation energy of the reaction. The success of a collision also depends the relative orientation of molecules. This direction-dependence is called the steric requirement of the reaction. Collision Theory of Reactions Chemical reaction is the overall effect of collisions between reacting molecules a) Sufficient energy proper orientation b) Proper orientation not sufficient energy c) Sufficient energy poor orientation Collision Theory of Reactions A conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy occurs during formation of an intermediate complex that can either go on to form products or fall apart into the unchanged reactants. This can be shown by a ...
The source of pathogens for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is often unknown. Potential sources include the natural environment, the healthcare environment and other patients with CF.1 The relative contribution of these different sources is unknown, but the routes of transmission include direct and indirect contact with infected respiratory tract secretions and infectious respiratory droplets.1 2 Notably, airborne transmission-defined as dissemination of either airborne nuclei or small particles of respirable size-containing infectious agents (eg, Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and remaining infectious over time and distance has not been proved to be a route of transmission between patients with CF.2. Infection control strategies to minimise the spread of potential pathogens are tailored to different modes of transmission.2 When caring for patients harbouring pathogens transmitted by contact with infectious secretions, staff perform hand hygiene before and after touching patients, patient care ...
No. EVD is not a food-borne illness, nor a water-borne illness. However, food must be thoroughly cooked before consumption.. 6. Can I get infection from an infected person who does not have any symptoms?. No. Patients become contagious once they begin to show symptoms. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected person who is experiencing symptoms or indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids.. 7. Will I get infection from someone through social contact like shaking hands or hugging?. If a person does not have symptoms, he or she is not infectious and thus will not spread EVD through social contact. However, a patient may spread the disease to others when they have symptoms. If you have broken skin or your mucous membranes (e.g. eyes, nose and mouth) come into contact with the blood, other bodily fluids or secretions of the infected person, you may get ...
According to Dr. McGregor, any infection can be "potentially" life threatening to the baby. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) poses a major risk to pregnant women who are around babies and young children. So, moms who are child care providers, daycare workers, preschool teachers, therapists, and nurses need to take extra precautions as preschoolers are the majority of carriers. CMV is present in saliva, urine, feces, tears, blood, mucus and other bodily fluids. You cannot catch CMV by simply being in the same room with someone, unless bodily fluids are exchanged. Additionally, there is no information to indicate CMV is transmitted in the air. ...
According to Dr. McGregor, any infection can be "potentially" life threatening to the baby. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) poses a major risk to pregnant women who are around babies and young children. So, moms who are child care providers, daycare workers, preschool teachers, therapists, and nurses need to take extra precautions as preschoolers are the majority of carriers. CMV is present in saliva, urine, feces, tears, blood, mucus and other bodily fluids. You cannot catch CMV by simply being in the same room with someone, unless bodily fluids are exchanged. Additionally, there is no information to indicate CMV is transmitted in the air. ...
There are many myths surrounding the transmission of HIV. A person can only transmit HIV through certain bodily fluids, including blood and semen. HIV is not present in other bodily fluids, such as saliva, tears, or sweat, so people cannot contract HIV through kissing. Learn more here.
Many of Serranos pictures involve bodily fluids in some way-depicting, for example, blood (sometimes menstrual blood), semen (for example, Blood and Semen II (1990)) or human female milk. Within this series are a number of works in which objects are submerged in bodily fluids. Most famous of these is Piss Christ (1987), a photograph of a plastic crucifix submerged in a glass of the artists own urine. This caused great controversy when first exhibited. The work was sold for $277,000 in 1999,[8] which was far beyond the estimated $20,000 - $30,000. Serrano, alongside other artists such as Robert Mapplethorpe, Barbara DeGenevieve, and Merry Alpern, became a figure whom Senator Jesse Helms, and Senator Alfonse DAmato, as well as other cultural conservatives, attacked for producing offensive art while others, including The New York Times,[9] defended him in the name of artistic freedom. (See the American "culture wars" of the 1990s).[10]. Serranos series Objects of Desire, from the early 1990s, ...
A sampling member defines a passageway including an inlet opening for reception of a bodily fluid therein, and a wicking member having a first portion coupled with the sampling member adjacent to the inlet opening. The wicking member further includes a second portion displaced from the first portion for initially contacting the bodily fluid. In use the sampling member is placed adjacent to an incision site with the second portion of the wicking member positioned to have the bodily fluid first contact the wicking member and thereby draw the fluid from the incision site to the inlet opening. In related embodiments there is provided a sampling system and method which further includes a lancing device to create the incision and optionally expression members to urge the bodily fluid from the incision, preferably in an integrated unit.
Hepatitis B virus: Hep B rarely cause complications during a pregnancy for your baby. However, testing is important because Hep B does attack the liver eventually. You can only get Hep B through sexual contact, shared needles, or bodily fluids. Because your baby is exposed to many of your bodily fluids during the birth process he may be exposed. If you are positive for Hep B, your baby will almost certainly be given a Hep B immune globulin and a vaccine to protect against exposure immediately after birth.. Syphilis, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases: its important to test for STDs because if youre a carrier, youll need treatment asap or your babys health can be severely compromised (in some cases a baby can die when exposed to an STD), not to mention your own current health and your future fertility. Rubella (German measles): This blood test will show if your body is carrying immune defenses against rubella. Rubella can cause serious complications if youre exposed during pregnancy ...
nice, quick response time. merck and pfizer are totally getting their moneys worth out of you.. anyway, how is hep B spread again? lemme see…bodily fluids. hmm…youre right, im not sure i can keep my newborn away from strangers bodily fluids for more than a few hours or days, with all the partying and traveling wed be doing those first couple of weeks. unless you meant contracting it from the mother. but then, mothers are tested so…. well, i do hope you keep up the shilling. if you were any less biased it might actually raise your credibility, which could be a dangerous thing.. ...
Biohazards such as bodily fluids and faeces can carry viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. The decontamination and cleaning of areas that have been soiled by a bio-hazardous incident is vital in order to reduce and eliminate the risk of infection from exposure.. The clean up of an incident involving biohazards is down to the person responsible for the premises. If left unattended, bodily fluids such as blood, urine and vomit will often seep into porous materials and areas which are not visible to the untrained eye, making the clean up extremely difficult and the risk of exposure to infection much greater.. Our specialist disinfection service quickly and efficiently cleans up the biohazard with minimal disruption to your business or premises. Our trained professionals are experienced in dealing with delicate circumstances and they will clean bio hazards up at any location with complete discretion.. With the use of advanced equipment the area is thoroughly decontaminated, ensuring the ...
Ever wonder what you need to know about your bodily functions that few people talk about? Nows theres a well-written, easy to read book that tells you.
I have discovered that I definitely have the Lawn Tractor Gene. I do not have the Harley-Davidson Gene, or the Gun Gene, or even the Baseball Gene. But I do have the Airplane Gene, the Pickup Truck
At New Image we believe that lifes first food, colostrum, was researched and developed by nature, refined over millions of years to provide protection for us at the most vulnerable stage of our lives. Starting the day with colostrum is the foundation for good health. In addition to colostrum products, we have a range of supplements to support your health.. Regenerative Health. Regeneration is the bodys natural cellular repair and growth process, it is supported by good nutrition and a healthy lifestyle.. Growth factors found in colostrum have been demonstrated to support the normal release and activation of adult stem cells. Adult stem cells have the ability to develop into any type of cell in the body. This means that they can support the normal repair and regeneration of tissues.. What is Colostrum?. When mammals, including humans, are born the first food they receive is mothers colostrum. This pre-milk fluid is a wonder of nature, packed with nourishment - immune tonics, growth factors ...
In the 1970s, Veterinarian Leroy Coggins developed the test that bears his name. The Coggins test detects antibodies to the EIA virus. With no vaccine available, the only way to prevent the spread of this highly contagious disease is to identify infected horses and then separate or isolate them from non-infected horses, so the virus is not transmitted. EIA virus is most often spread through biting insects, primarily horseflies and deerflies. It can also be transmitted through saliva and other bodily secretions, shared syringes and any objects contaminated with infected blood or fluids. Infected pregnant mares can pass the virus to their foals. While the USDA estimates that fewer than eight in 100,000 horses become infected with EIA virus, fifty percent do not survive despite treatment.. EIA comes in three forms: acute, chronic, and the inapparent carrier. In the acute form, horses experience fever, lethargy, and loss of appetite, and many die within a few weeks even if they receive aggressive ...
The likelihood of a dog being exposed to the Ebola virus outside of the endemic regions is extremely unlikely, as it requires contact with bodily secretions of a human, or other animal, with symptoms of Ebola. Despite whether or not dogs can contract the virus, there is no current research that a dog with antibodies to the virus will shed the virus. That said, there is no current evidence that a dog can infect a human with the Ebola virus ...
201d. Zoonotic Agents Associated with Animal Care. Some animals carry pathogens that can be transmitted to humans through contact with their body fluids, similar to human bloodborne pathogens. This contact can occur through biting, spitting, or contamination of broken skin or mucus membranes with bodily secretions from the animal.. There are more than 200 diseases of animals transmissible to people (zoonoses) currently causing a wide variety of human illness. In addition, as yet undefined zoonotic diseases probably exist that pose infectious risks for people. A report by The Institute of Medicine on various factors implicated in the emergence of infectious diseases within the United States emphasized that, "The significance of zoonoses in the emergence of human infections cannot be overstated." Effective control of many human zoonoses first, or concomitantly, requires control in animals.. The EH&S Office has adopted the National Research Councils "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory ...
Essential fatty acids are necessary for various aspects of normal physiology like: mediating immune response, regulating bodily secretions and their viscosity, dilating and constricting blood vessels, regulating collateral circulation, directing endocrine hormones to their target cells, regulating smooth muscles and autonomic reflexes, being primary constituents of cell membranes, regulating the rate of cell division, maintaining the fluidity and rigidity of cellular membranes, regulating the flow of substances into and out from cells, transporting oxygen from red blood cells to the tissues, maintaining proper kidney function and fluid balance, keeping saturated fats mobile in the bloodstream, preventing blood clots, mediating the release of inflammatory eicosanoids that may trigger allergic conditions, and regulating nerve transmission and communication. (Source: Fish Oil: The Natural Anti-inflammatory by Joseph C. Maroon and Jeffrey Bost, 2006, page 39 ...
To treat a toddlers cough, have the child drink plenty of fluids such as water, juice and soup to stay hydrated. This clears bodily secretions like mucus, making it easier to cough, according to the...
In this case, Marius was "unsuitable" for breeding, so he was instead slaughtered, a process that - like the exhibits of captive animals at zoos, aquaria, and marine parks - was touted as "educational" for children. As ethologist Dr. Jonathan Balcombe has said, however, such displays effectively, if unwittingly, "teach" children and others that animals lives matter only insofar as they serve human purposes. This is a familiar lesson of disregard for the inherent worth of animals, as we learn it at the grocery store as well - where the corpses and bodily secretions of innocent, young animals kept in captivity and then trucked to a terrifying slaughter are on sale by the pound, by the quart, and by the dozen ...
Andrew Bailey (ja333710 at student.uq.edu.au) wrote: : I am after some detailed information on cyto-megalic virus .... and the : immune response when the virus is in both acute and chronic stages ... : -- I can give you some information. CMV is a commonly acquired disease during childhood in developing countries; in developed countries the illness is sometimes not acquired until later in life when it can cause damage. Primary infection with CMV during pregnancy is highly dangerous and can result in fetal abnormalities. Immunosuppression can allow CMV to become dangerous to the host; in AIDS patintes it is a leading cause of blindness, and death. The virus is shed intermittently for life through urine and bodily fluids. Once infected the virus becomes latent rather than symptomatic. Symptomatic expressions of CMV, or acute phases can occur either at primary infection or during reactivation due to some outside trigger such as immunosuppression (following chemotherapy or HIV infection), or ...
This test checks to see whether an infection is caused by a bacterium or a virus. It can also tell which specific virus is causing your infection. Viral infections can cause illnesses anywhere in the body. This includes the skin, digestive tract, urinary tract, brain, lungs, and eyes. These illnesses can range from minor problems to serious diseases. Viral cultures are done in different ways, depending on your condition and the virus the healthcare provider thinks you may have. You may need to give a sample of blood, urine, or bodily fluids. In general, your test sample will be treated in the lab to keep the cells alive and allow them to grow. After a certain period of time, your culture sample will be checked to see if viruses are growing. ...
Orlando, Florida bodily fluids identification, including semen for Legal and infidelity cases. Contact ARCpoint Labs of Orlando Central (407) 798-0317.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) weakens the immune system. It usually spreads through bodily fluids like blood, semen and breast milk.. Read more ...
The power to restore biotic organisms to their optimal health via ones saliva. Variation of Healing and Regenerative Bodily Fluids. User can seal open wounds and restore biological organisms to their health by utilizing their saliva.
I do not share this information to create panic or fear, on the contrary, I would like to share with you what I understand about the virus, what is happening to the people that arent recovering from it and how we can stay healthy and overcome it within our own families.. We know the virus is spreading by human to human transmission, by contact of bodily fluids and aerosol means, meaning through the air. People who have contracted the virus have experienced fever, sneezing, cough, even stomach cramps, headaches and confusion, but not everyone experiences the same symptoms. For more information see this article. I really liked this report from American Thought Leaders. I highly recommend watching the video to be able to understand the full picture. Laurie Garrett is a reporter who travels around the world to learn about epidemics including, MERS, SARS and Ebola. She discusses simple precautions on how to keep you and your family safe along with what is actually happening in China. Laurie also ...
Semen, in contrast to other human bodily fluids, contains multiple types of amyloid fibrils under non-diseased conditions. We have demonstrated that these fibrils potently enhance infection by HIV and other sexually transmitted viruses, and characterized the mechanisms by which they do so. We are conducting studies to characterize the physiological function of these fibrils, by assessing how they signal to sperm cells and cells of the female reproductive tract.
Read more about One day, a machine will smell whether youre sick on Business Standard. Modern medical research confirms smell of skin, breath, bodily fluids can be suggestive of illness
If you are planning on traveling outside of North American, chances are fair that there is a vaccine or medication that your doctor will recommend you take prior to departure. This is certainly the case for China, as there are several vaccines that are very important for anyone that intends to visit China for more than just a short stay. Here is a list of the major vaccines that you can ask your doctor or travel doctor about prior to leaving.. Hepatitis A - This disease has the potential for making you very sick, doing damage to your liver and kidneys. Though not always fatal, it is certainly not something you want to get. As it is most frequently transferred through contaminated food and water, it is strongly advised to have this prior to your trip to China.. Hepatitis B - Once again, Potential for damage to your liver and kidneys. These organs do very important things, my friends! Do them a favor a get this vaccine series. Hep B is spread through contact with bodily fluids, so any procedures ...
In movies, shows, and literature, zombies are often depicted as being created by an infectious virus, which is passed on via bites and contact with bodily fluids. Harvard psychiatrist Steven Schlozman wrote a (fictional) medical paper on the zombies presented in Night of the Living Dead External Web Site Icon and refers to the condition as Ataxic Neurodegenerative Satiety Deficiency Syndrome caused by an infectious agent. The Zombie Survival Guide External Web Site Icon identifies the cause of zombies as a virus called solanum. Other zombie origins shown in films include radiation from a destroyed NASA External Web Site Icon Venus External Web Site Icon probe (as in Night of the Living Dead External Web Site Icon), as well as mutations of existing conditions such as prions External Web Site Icon, mad-cow disease External Web Site Icon, measles External Web Site Icon and rabies External Web Site Icon ...
One aspect concerns a technique for detecting analyte concentrations, such as glucose concentrations, in blood or other bodily fluids. This technique utilizes an electrochemical test strip that includes a mediator system that generates a linear faradic response at relatively low applied potential differences. An alternating current excitation signal is applied to blood in the test strip. The alternating current excitation signal includes a low frequency signal and a high frequency signal that has a higher frequency than the low frequency signal. The glucose concentration is determined by measuring a low frequency response to the low frequency signal, measuring a high frequency response to the high frequency signal, estimating the glucose concentration based on the low frequency response, and correcting the glucose concentration for one or more error-causing variables based on the high frequency response.
Anytime someone works in a health care facility, they can come in contact with blood and other bodily fluids that could contain viruses, bacteria, etc. Since these facilities practice universal...
Look, Im all for trying new things and living life to the fullest, but the closest Ive ever come to drinking bodily fluids from a bottle is the time I mistakenly tipped back a can filled with my brothers regurgitated chewing tobacco that he accidentally put in front of me.. Needless to say, I projectile vomited all over the living room and my brother laughed hysterically.. So lets just say Im not in the mood to drink Grandpas pee anytime soon.. But that hasnt stopped James Gilpin from distilling it.. Heres a little excerpt from an interview he gave about the golden colored whiskey he serves his guests:. "…I dont have the benefit of aging my whisky for 100 years in a barrel but I do have the benefit of my candidates having lived in some cases 90 years of a very full life which adds a great amount of depth to the flavor. …My nan [grandmother] hasnt produced a very good bottle but she would have never forgiven me if I hadnt included it.". ooohhhh, yummy!. Basically his choice of using ...
According to the Re/Search Guide to Bodily Fluids (Paul Spinard, 1994), the average man produces about 3.5 mL of semen per ejaculation whose nutritional value is: * less than 1 calorie * 150 mg. protein * 11 mg. carbohydrates * 6 mg. fat. * 3 mg. cholesterol * 7% US RDA potassium * 3% US…
Cells that "spit" out their contents and messenger RNA that is not so swift at delivering its message. Those are two brand new stories on our new and improved website. Check it out and let us know what you think. The first story arose from a simple question: How do secretory cells - those that produce copious amounts of such substances as tears, saliva or all those bodily fluids - manage to get their contents out of the cell? Cells are walled all the way around; they dont really have doors for letting things the size of a drop of fluid out. Instead, they use the vesicle system - small globes… ...
The treatment for mercer infection would involve incising abscesses to drain off infected bodily fluids, and antibacterial therapy with selected antibiotics. In serious cases, treatment for the infection would be carried out by delivering intravenous antibiotics. The following article provides some information about the infection, its symptoms, and treatment.
Exercise, in hot weather etc, we sweat and this depletes the body of salt, which must then be replaced. Most crucially, salt helps keep the balance of our bodily fluids, that carry nutrients and oxygen around our bodies.. When I was nursing, we nurses cried many salty tears when patients would not drink enough water. Working out the Fluid Balance was difficult enough without some stroppy patient refusing to cooperate.. Fluid balance is measuring the amount of urine a patient passes in 24 hours and the amount of liquid the patient drinks. Ideally both figures should be about the same.. If the patient drinks too much and doesnt pass enough urine, the result could mean damage to the kidneys. Or if the other way round, the patient doesnt drink enough, the body will store the excess salt and may cause water to gather around the heart, and this is bad news for the heart. This water swelling is called oedema.. ...
What is it used for? When someone talks, coughs, or sneezes they may release tiny droplets of bodily fluids into the air that can infect others. If someone is ill a face mask can reduce the number of germs that the wearer releases and can protect other people from becoming sick. This protective shield hat also protects
A surgical thread avoids puncture channel bleeding, and has a polymeric core and a polymeric sheath surrounding the polymeric core, wherein the polymeric sheath is swellable in bodily fluids.
The Meowmies then left me, I purred so hard for them not to go and I headbutted them but they had to leave me there so I could get treated. Ben Vet and Caroline Vet put me on a drip and got some fluids into me to build up my strength ready for the chemo. They also did some blood tests. The tests were all OK but the platelet count was a little high which can indicate bleeding (amongst some other very normal, unworrying things), but there is no sign of bleeding in my poos and other bodily fluids. Ben Vet was not overly concerned by this as a higher platelet count is to be expected with lymphoma and cancer. Ben Vet will monitor this though as it could also be a sign that there is a problem with my bone marrow - although none of the other stuff in my blood indicated any bone marrow problems, which is good! My weight has dropped to 3.55kgs from 3.75kgs, which is not great, but to be expected ...
Whether you are aware of it or not, most of your commenters are trying out for you. They are posturing. Youre on the Inside, we all want to be there, and they are doing their schticks in the hopes of making a connection that will somehow help them to, God help us all, get from where they are now to a place more like the one you have somehow attained. If youre horrified by the pathetic sadness of that truth, well, try to remember the life you had however long ago it was, back before whatever your big break was. You know. When you were just watching BUFFY like the rest of us, and thinking "fuck, how in the name of God does that sex-bot Warren built manage to take on his bodily fluids without shorting out, and what materials does he have to construct it out of that dont make it sink into the soft soil of that playground when its walking over to the swings to kick Buffys ass ...
What is it used for? When someone talks, coughs, or sneezes they may release tiny droplets of bodily fluids into the air that can infect others. If someone is ill a face mask can reduce the number of germs that the wearer releases and can protect other people from becoming sick. This shield cap also protects the wearer
On the hunt for furniture thats been used, abused and splattered with a delightful array of bodily fluids? Youre in luck as New Yorks dysfunctional public tr
Gonorrhea may be spread during sexual intercourse via the exchange of bodily fluids through mucous membranes in the anus, mouth, and genital areas.
Most people contract plague from the bite of an infected flea, or through direct contact with bodily fluids from an infected animal. Symptoms in humans typically appear 1-8 days after exposure, and may begin with painful, swollen lymph nodes or sudden fever and can progress to severe headaches, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, eventually leading to shock and internal bleeding. Left untreated, or if not diagnosed promptly, plague can be fatal in humans ...
Cells of virtually all organs and tissues are known to release large numbers of subcellular particles called extracellular vesicles (EVs) into bodily fluids such as blood and urine. There has been a growing interest in ...
The nursing profession takes a certain dedication to love. After all, most office jobs dont involve standing for 12 hours at a time, scarfing a bite of lunch between "clients" or handling gallons of bodily fluids on a daily basis. But for years, nursing schools lured students with the promise that they would be snapped up by prestigious hospitals upon graduation, remunerated for their hard work with good pay and enviable job security ...
Manners get a bad reputation when youre a teenager: all those whacks on the head from mum and dad for licking your knife, popping zits at breakfast and saying "wot?" instead of "pardon?" seem kinda pointless when your friends wipe bodily fluids on you and consider the word "f---" an adjective, adverb, transitive verb, noun and hearty salutation.. Then you hit the workforce and, if youre not employed as a bouncer or pornographer, youll probably notice that a bit of a "please" and "thank you", mixed in with some dinner table etiquette goes over quite well with your boss and the cute private school chick who works in the marketing department. Despite a lifelong fondness for profanity and ribald humour, I have always considered myself to have good manners, so when a Melbourne PR company phoned a few months ago and asked whether Id like to go to charm school, I was both insulted and profoundly disinterested.. Then they told me the charm school was in England, just north of London and they would ...
You might find yourself homeless crashing on your buddies couch while all of your shit, all of your worldly belongings, are locked away in a 20 dollar-a-month, climate controlled storage unit. You may find yourself wearing the same clothes you found yourself wearing the previous week when you realized you were wearing the same clothes you wore the previous week. You may find yourself at the local 7-eleven sealed in a bathroom washing your knickers in the sink, a trusty bottle of Palmolive by your side, with your dick hanging out. You may find yourself stealing money out of your dying grandmothers purse. You may find yourself donating plasma, blood, sperm, or whatever other bodily fluids so you may later buy your fake-ass friends a round of shots at the bar and look like a big shot. You may find yourself looking in the mirror and not recognizing the face who stares back. You may find yourself turning tricks, sucking off a 50 year old investment banker who looks like Richard Gere in a dingy back ...
Description: The pick-noses are nektonic worm-like organisms that have favor more of a predatory lifestyle that target species like the bunstars and armostars. Pick-nose have a symbiotic relationship with bacteria inside of their digestive system to break down meat more efficiently. The pick-nose more noticeable features is the large bony spike that is coming out of their facial region and this spike is used to pierce through the bodies of their prey "the spike can pierce through the talalga body" and to suck up the organism meat and bodily fluids by using their tongue. The pick-noses also have a line of electrocepters to detect the movements of prey and predators ...
While most physical disorders, such as cancer or diabetes, have well-defined indicators seen in tissues, organs, and bodily fluids, mental disorders are often more difficult to diagnose as they ...
Sulphur is an essential mineral, as most proteins found in the body contain sulphur. It is also part of bodily fluids, fats and the minerals that make up the skeleton. Some bacteria need sulphur, in...
7.30, the alarm goes off. Already? Time for a quick shower in the dark, not because Im a secret showerer or anything weird like that but because the lights gone in the bathroom and there are no windows. Ah, hot water, you lovely little invention you.. Our travelling plans were changed by The Deadly Romantics at the previous nights gig. They told us to ditch the trains and jump in the van with them. They had four extra seats with our names on them. Sort of like tombstones I suppose. They swung by and picked us up and we hit the long road to London.. The London gig was always going to be a bit special for us. Being long-term fans of the Pistols, Clash, Ramones, The Jam, Madness etc., The Hope And Anchor loomed high in punk folklore for us. We were going to hallowed ground. Or flooded ground if youre speaking about the toilets! There was no way I was going to get changed in there without getting other peoples bodily fluids all over my feet (thats not something you want to take home with you) ...
I looked over just as two small black wings spread and…ACK!!!! The poor thing was still alive (barely) and I immediately called for Frank (age 18), our resident pest catcher (and rehabilitator). Mittens brings in birds and rodents ALL the time but this was his first bat. I got a plastic grocery bag and Frank used that to pick up the bat. He put it in an aquarium to see if it would make it (it didnt) while I mopped up blood and other bodily fluids from the hardwood living room floor using Clorox wipes. No, I didnt have plastic gloves on (we didnt have any ...
Pathologists study and diagnose disease by analyzing samples of tissue and bodily fluids, and the career options in pathology are numerous. Read on...
What do you know about the meat you eat? Were not talking about pink slime - were talking BUGS and BODILY FLUIDS. You heard us. Find out more.
Nutrition chart for Honeydew Melon - Article shows you the exact minerals, vitamins, cholesterol, carbohydrate, protein, fat compound present in the fruit b
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Females also use bodily secretions and faeces. Discovery[edit]. Main article: Domestication of the Syrian hamster ... Golden hamsters mark their burrows with secretions from special scent glands on their hips. Male hamsters in particular lick ...
Females also use bodily secretions and faeces. Golden hamsters originate from Syria and were first described and officially ... Golden hamsters mark their burrows with secretions from special scent glands on their hips. Male hamsters in particular lick ...
Adult flies are believed to feed on bodily secretions of bats. The fly measures about 1 cm long, with hairy legs, and, due to ...
She uses bodily secretions to prevent other colony members from laying viable eggs. The workers spend little time licking or ... If this fails to summon enough assistance, it releases a further secretion on the ground and lays a trail back to the colony. ... The original ant liberates a glandular secretion which attracts other workers within about two metres (yards) of the release ...
Pap staining is used to differentiate cells in smear preparations of various bodily secretions; the specimens can be ...
The least severe of these is the freezing of bodily secretions due to evaporative cooling. Severe symptoms, such as loss of ...
Goblin spirituality revolves around unggue, the collection of bodily secretions such as earwax in magical pots. (Other ...
Non-keratinized surfaces must be kept moist by bodily secretions to prevent them from drying out. Examples of non-keratinized ...
Papanicolaou staining, or Pap staining, is a frequently used method for examining cell samples from various bodily secretions. ...
Some cases are diagnosed after patients were exposed to the urine or bodily secretions of an infected animal. These secretions ... which is passed from rodent to human by the rodent's urine or mucous secretions. Alternative names for rat-bite fever include ...
... is a kind of mucus, an external bodily secretion which is produced by snails, gastropod mollusks. Land snails and ... which produces a secretion rich in proteins of high and low molecular weight hyaluronic acid and antioxidants. The secretion of ... In Helix aspersa there are two types of secretion. One type is translucent and not adhesive, the kind that the snail leaves ... 1] -Ph D thesis about glycolic acid in snail secretion. Maria José Tribó-Bixareu et al, Resultados preliminares de la eficacia ...
Grant taught that the true secret of sex magic were bodily secretions, the most important of which was a woman's menstrual ... He referred to female sexual secretions as kalas, a term adopted from Sanskrit. Janine Chapman, an esotericist who met Grant ...
In some jurisdictions, battery has recently been constructed to include directing bodily secretions (i.e., spitting) at another ... Instead, the Code has an offense of assault, and assault causing bodily harm. Battery is an common law offence within England ... In Florida, Aggravated Battery is the intentional infliction of great bodily harm and is a second degree felony, whereas ... a) Battery is: (1) Intentionally or recklessly causing bodily harm to another person; or (2) intentionally causing physical ...
Virus is transmitted via direct contact, bodily secretions and contaminated fomites, with the virus being able to persist in ...
... dream or bodily secretions of a divine being. Earth diver creation in which a diver, usually a bird or amphibian sent by a ... or pure thought of a creator but creation ex nihilo may also take place through a creator's bodily secretions. The literal ... or secretion. An alternative system based on six recurring narrative themes was designed by Raymond Van Over: Primeval abyss, ...
... as well as similar discoloration of most bodily fluids and secretions. These discolorations are reversible but may take months ...
Individuals with undetectable viral loads in their blood might not have undetectable viral loads in other bodily fluids, such ... as semen or vaginal secretions. In one recent study, of 83 men with undetectable viral loads, 21 had very slight but not ...
Before pupation, the larva gathers leaves and sticks them together with its bodily secretions to form a cocoon, situated either ... protected by a yellow cocoon built by the female using her secretions and abdominal hairs. 200 to 740 of these eggs hatch ...
... and seeking out bodily secretions and suppurating wounds. The bazaar fly is a vector for trachoma, a disease caused by the ...
Restaurants open their doors to the Yelp reviewers again, but begin tainting dishes with bodily secretions such as urine, mucus ...
... particularly over the fact that the bedsheets were stained with bodily secretions and the floor had items from the artist's ...
RMP colours the urine and all bodily secretions (tears, sweat, etc.) an orange-pink colour and this can be a useful proxy if ...
... but the regulation of bodily secretions such as extraction of blood, promotion of perspiration, or urination to regain the ...
... but had made the wider public deeply suspicious of dirt and bodily secretions. Accordingly, the smegma that collects under the ...
... old and young 22 Parts of the body 23 Bodily secretions and excrements 24 Sounds and languages of animals 25 Pains and diseases ...
Since elimination of bodily wastes is, of necessity, a subject talked about with toddlers during toilet training, other ... All canids (with the possible exception of dholes[79]) use urine (combined with preputial gland secretions) to mark their ... and anal gland secretions, as well as marking trails with scat. Males show a grimacing face, called the Flehmen response, when ...
Secretions in humans can be produced by a single cell or by a group of cells... Explanation of Bodily secretions ... Find out information about Bodily secretions. in biology, substance elaborated by the living material of an animal or plant. ... Secretion. (redirected from Bodily secretions). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal. secretion,. in biology, ... Bodily secretions , Article about Bodily secretions by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Bodily+ ...
Females also use bodily secretions and faeces. Discovery[edit]. Main article: Domestication of the Syrian hamster ... Golden hamsters mark their burrows with secretions from special scent glands on their hips. Male hamsters in particular lick ...
Bodily Secretions. Equipment Failure. Humans. Male. Positive-Pressure Respiration / instrumentation*. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a ... Failure of self-inflating manual resuscitator due to the presence of dried pulmonary secretions].. ... it was observed that the valve remained fixed due to the presence of dried pulmonary secretion, which made it impossible to ...
Web for retention of internal bodily secretions. US20100114107 *. 8. Dez. 2009. 6. Mai 2010. Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc.. ...
bodily secretions (2) * cardiovascular diseases (2) * cardiovascular event (2) * child (2) * chronic pain (2) ...
2. Anatomy A tubular bodily canal or passage, especially... ... 2. a tube conveying bodily secretions or excretions. 3. a ... duct - a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance; "the tear duct was ... 2. (Anatomy) any bodily passage, esp one conveying secretions or excretions. 3. (Botany) a narrow tubular cavity in plants, ... 2. Anatomy A tubular bodily canal or passage, especially one for carrying a glandular secretion: a tear duct. ...
The virus is transmitted via canine bodily secretions; dogs can be vaccinated against parvo beginning at 6 weeks of age, notes ...
In addition you have bodily secretions of all types," Tierno said. Reuters/Jason Lee. To stem the invisible tide, he said, no ...
Biopsies should be carried out if spores are not detected in bodily secretions. There will be specificity problems in regards ... Diagnosis of microsporidiosis depends on the identification of spores in feces, urine, other bodily fluids, or within tissues. ...
Proper handling of bodily secretions. *Isolate infected patients (cover wounds). *Wash sheets, towels and clothing in hot water ...
The infected patient sheds infectious viruses in all body secretions (bodily fluids); direct contact with any of these ... secretions may cause the virus transmission to uninfected individuals. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ...
serum IgA found in bodily secretions. secretory IgA have mucosal immune stimulation and required for production of sIgA ... IgA is foundin colostrum/breast milk, intestinal and respiratory secretions, saliva, tears, other secretions ... it combines with IgA produced locally by lymphocytes and transports IgA through epithelial cells into secretions ...
Specimen. Any bodily fluid, secretion, or tissue sent to a laboratory for testing. ... Sputum. Mucus containing secretions coughed up from within the lungs. Tests of sputum (e.g., smear and culture) can confirm ... Sterile saline is flushed through an airway, and the resultant mixture of cells, secretions, and saline is aspirated for ... Sputum is different from saliva or nasal secretions, which are unsatisfactory specimens for detecting TB disease. However, ...
Categories: Bodily Secretions Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted ...
Discarding disposable N95 respirators if contaminated with blood, respiratory secretions, or other bodily fluids from patients. ... Discard disposable N95 respirators contaminated with blood, respiratory or nasal secretions, or other bodily fluids from ...
EMS providers with exposure to blood, bodily fluids, secretions, or excretions from a PUI should immediately *Stop working and ... If blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions from a PUI come into direct contact with the EMS providers unprotected skin ...
Discard N95 respirators contaminated with blood, respiratory or nasal secretions, or other bodily fluids from patients. ... Discard N95 respirators contaminated with blood, respiratory or nasal secretions, or other bodily fluids from patients. ...
Discarding disposable N95 respirators if contaminated with blood, respiratory secretions, or other bodily fluids from patients. ... Discard disposable N95 respirators contaminated with blood, respiratory or nasal secretions, or other bodily fluids from ...
TAGS: bodily secretions, esters, fatty acids, meibomian gland Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.. 2011; 52(3):1894-1895. doi: https ... TAGS: bodily secretions, ionization, lipids, meibomian gland, tandem mass spectrometry, fatty acids, cauda equina syndrome, ... TAGS: amides, bodily secretions, fatty acids, meibomian gland Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.. 2007; 48(1):34-39. doi: https:// ... Author Response: On the Presence of ( O -Acyl)-Omega-Hydroxy Fatty Acids and Their Esters in Human Meibomian Gland Secretions ...
TAGS: vascular endothelial growth factor a, bodily secretions, ligands, up-regulation (physiology), rage Invest. Ophthalmol. ...
bodily secretions (2) Filters. * Has Multimedia (1) Specify Date Range. From:. To:. Apply. ...
  • HIV-positive women who are infected with herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) experience only modest decreases in their HIV viral load in their genital secretions if they take long-term anti-herpes therapy, according to the results of a randomised controlled trial presented as a poster to the 4th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis and Treatment in Sydney on July 24th. (aidsmap.com)
  • At baseline, 53% had HIV detectable in their genital secretions, with 14% having HSV-2 present. (aidsmap.com)
  • However, the investigators emphasise that, even then, viral load in the genital secretions of women taking aciclovir was not significantly lower than in those randomised to take the placebo (p = 0.07). (aidsmap.com)
  • The virus can also be transmitted to the infant at delivery from contact with genital secretions or later in infancy through breast milk. (wikipedia.org)
  • These findings stress the pivotal role of IRBIT in epithelial fluid and HCO3- secretion and provide a molecular mechanism by which IRBIT coordinates these processes. (jci.org)
  • A cell is classified as merocrine if the secretions of that cell are excreted via exocytosis from secretory cells into an epithelial-walled duct or ducts and thence onto a bodily surface or into the lumen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, Lewis antigens are components of exocrine epithelial secretions, and are subsequently adsorbed onto the surface of the erythrocyte. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common approach is to support organ functions and keep up bodily fluids such as blood and water long enough for the body to fight off the infection. (cnn.com)
  • Prior to the publication of rigorous research later in the 20th century, some physicians believed the most potent weapon for treatment was not medication, but the regulation of bodily secretions such as extraction of blood, promotion of perspiration, or urination to regain the natural state of equilibrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals diagnosed with IED report their outbursts as being brief (lasting less than an hour), with a variety of bodily symptoms (sweating, stuttering, chest tightness, twitching, palpitations) reported by a third of one sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • The subfornical organ is a circumventricular organ active in many bodily processes, including, but not limited to, osmoregulation, cardiovascular regulation, and energy homeostasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In all cells, there exists a constitutive secretion pathway whereby vesicles and tubules emerging from the trans -Golgi network fuse rapidly with the plasma membrane. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • As a result, these areas of the lung may be more dependent upon vigorous voluntary expectoration (cough) for clearance of bacteria and secretions. (wikipedia.org)
  • These secretions then build up in the body to cause the symptoms of CF. (healthcentral.com)
  • Their powerful noses can also detect viruses, bacteria, and signs of cancer in a person's body or bodily fluids. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Like many other diseases, cancers leave specific traces, or odor signatures, in a person's body and bodily secretions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In addition, any bodily features or fluids/secretions (such as tattoos and a person or animal's odour) that could be considered part of, or an extension of the body are inalienably possessed (Hyslop, 2001, p. 170). (wikipedia.org)
  • He claimed that their primary structures, the Glomeruli, simply filter out harmful bodily waste products while useful nutrients are reabsorbed into the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In examining body fluids, he postulated the notion of "latex," attempting to relate latex to secretions and thirst. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is very important for the bumble bees to have bodily homeostasis over their body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body fluid, bodily fluids, or biofluids are liquids within the bodies of living people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sympathoadrenal medullary (SAM) axis may activate the fight-or-flight response through the sympathetic nervous system, which dedicates energy to more relevant bodily systems to acute adaption to stress, while the parasympathetic nervous system returns the body to homeostasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Humorism, or humoralism, was a system of medicine detailing the makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids in a person-known as humors or humours-directly influences their temperament and health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sterile saline is flushed through an airway, and the resultant mixture of cells, secretions, and saline is aspirated for studies (e.g., microscopy and culture). (cdc.gov)
  • Testing external secretions against Staphylococcus epidermidis , a common bacterium not known to cause disease, showed that 60% of the ant species produced secretions with antimicrobial activity. (le.ac.uk)
  • These include need for intermediate vector species (mosquitoes that carry malaria) or by non-casual transfer of bodily fluid (such as transfusions, needle sharing or sexual contact). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bazaar flies are a nuisance, disturbing people at leisure and at work, but they are principally disliked because of their habit of settling on people's faces (particularly around the eyes) and on sweaty skin, and seeking out bodily secretions and suppurating wounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Universal precautions refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients' bodily fluids, by means of the wearing of nonporous articles such as medical gloves, goggles, and face shields. (wikipedia.org)
  • Universal precautions were designed for doctors, nurses, patients, and health care support workers who were required to come into contact with patients or bodily fluids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prolonged or cumulative increases in glucocorticoid secretion can reduce benefits afforded by enhanced stress reactivity and eventually become maladaptive. (frontiersin.org)
  • The long-term impact of stress is kept in check by the process of habituation, which reduces HPA axis responses upon repeated exposure to homotypic stressors and likely limits deleterious actions of prolonged glucocorticoid secretion. (frontiersin.org)
  • Pahutoxin, formerly called ostracitoxin, is a neurotoxin present in the mucous secretions of boxfish (Ostraciidae) skin, while under stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excessive amounts of stress, however, may lead to bodily harm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over-secretion of stress hormones most frequently impairs memory, but in a few cases can enhance it. (wikipedia.org)
  • A new study highlights how most ants, even from small colonies, produce antimicrobial chemicals in their bodily secretions. (le.ac.uk)
  • The boxfish must be alive to synthesize its bodily chemicals into the toxin, therefore it cannot release its toxin after it dies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Canine Hepatitis occurs when a dog ingests or breathes in bodily secretions from an infected animal. (vetinfo.com)
  • The aerosols might be generated from sources of infection such as the bodily secretions of an infected animal or person, or biological wastes such as accumulate in lofts, caves, garbage and the like. (wikipedia.org)