Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.
An abnormally low volume of blood circulating through the body. It may result in hypovolemic shock (see SHOCK).
Volume of circulating ERYTHROCYTES . It is usually measured by RADIOISOTOPE DILUTION TECHNIQUE.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
Any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations. These substances do not enhance the oxygen- carrying capacity of blood, but merely replace the volume. They are also used to treat dehydration.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.
Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
The amount of a gas taken up, by the pulmonary capillary blood from the alveolar gas, per minute per unit of average pressure of the gradient of the gas across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
Reduction of blood viscosity usually by the addition of cell free solutions. Used clinically (1) in states of impaired microcirculation, (2) for replacement of intraoperative blood loss without homologous blood transfusion, and (3) in cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermia.
The movement of the BLOOD as it is pumped through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Method for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of dye into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
Solutions having the same osmotic pressure as blood serum, or another solution with which they are compared. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
Starches that have been chemically modified so that a percentage of OH groups are substituted with 2-hydroxyethyl ether groups.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.
Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The creation and display of functional images showing where the blood flow reaches by following the distribution of tracers injected into the blood stream.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A tricarbocyanine dye that is used diagnostically in liver function tests and to determine blood volume and cardiac output.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Method for determining the circulating blood volume by introducing a known quantity of foreign substance into the blood and determining its concentration some minutes later when thorough mixing has occurred. From these two values the blood volume can be calculated by dividing the quantity of injected material by its concentration in the blood at the time of uniform mixing. Generally expressed as cubic centimeters or liters per kilogram of body weight.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Unstable isotopes of oxygen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. O atoms with atomic weights 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20 are radioactive oxygen isotopes.
The measure of a BLOOD VESSEL's ability to increase the volume of BLOOD it holds without a large increase in BLOOD PRESSURE. The vascular capacitance is equal to the change in volume divided by the change in pressure.
A complex of gadolinium with a chelating agent, diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (DTPA see PENTETIC ACID), that is given to enhance the image in cranial and spinal MRIs. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p706)
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Tomography using radioactive emissions from injected RADIONUCLIDES and computer ALGORITHMS to reconstruct an image.
Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.
Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The circulation of the BLOOD through the MICROVASCULAR NETWORK.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
A 3.5 per cent colloidal solution containing urea-cross-linked polymerized peptides. It has a molecular weight of approximately 35,000 and is prepared from gelatin and electrolytes. The polymeric solution is used as a plasma expander.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS supplying the abdominal VISCERA.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
The blood pressure in the central large VEINS of the body. It is distinguished from peripheral venous pressure which occurs in an extremity.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.
Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
One of the CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of rapid development of tolerance. Its antiepileptic effect may be due to its inhibitory effect on brain carbonic anhydrase, which leads to an increased transneuronal chloride gradient, increased chloride current, and increased inhibition. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p337)
The circulation of BLOOD through the LIVER.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
An increase in the excretion of URINE. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The position or attitude of the body.
The first artificially produced element and a radioactive fission product of URANIUM. Technetium has the atomic symbol Tc, atomic number 43, and atomic weight 98.91. All technetium isotopes are radioactive. Technetium 99m (m=metastable) which is the decay product of Molybdenum 99, has a half-life of about 6 hours and is used diagnostically as a radioactive imaging agent. Technetium 99 which is a decay product of technetium 99m, has a half-life of 210,000 years.
Chemicals and substances that impart color including soluble dyes and insoluble pigments. They are used in INKS; PAINTS; and as INDICATORS AND REAGENTS.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A type of MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING that uses only one nuclear spin excitation per image and therefore can obtain images in a fraction of a second rather than the minutes required in traditional MRI techniques. It is used in a variety of medical and scientific applications.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
The minute vessels that connect the arterioles and venules.
Forced expiratory effort against a closed GLOTTIS.
Receptors in the vascular system, particularly the aorta and carotid sinus, which are sensitive to stretch of the vessel walls.
Recording changes in electrical impedance between electrodes placed on opposite sides of a part of the body, as a measure of volume changes in the path of the current. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Antidiuretic hormones released by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS of all vertebrates (structure varies with species) to regulate water balance and OSMOLARITY. In general, vasopressin is a nonapeptide consisting of a six-amino-acid ring with a cysteine 1 to cysteine 6 disulfide bridge or an octapeptide containing a CYSTINE. All mammals have arginine vasopressin except the pig with a lysine at position 8. Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure.
A compound formed by the combination of hemoglobin and oxygen. It is a complex in which the oxygen is bound directly to the iron without causing a change from the ferrous to the ferric state.
The finer blood vessels of the vasculature that are generally less than 100 microns in internal diameter.
The part of the face above the eyes.
Two-phase systems in which one is uniformly dispersed in another as particles small enough so they cannot be filtered or will not settle out. The dispersing or continuous phase or medium envelops the particles of the discontinuous phase. All three states of matter can form colloids among each other.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Benign and malignant central nervous system neoplasms derived from glial cells (i.e., astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and ependymocytes). Astrocytes may give rise to astrocytomas (ASTROCYTOMA) or glioblastoma multiforme (see GLIOBLASTOMA). Oligodendrocytes give rise to oligodendrogliomas (OLIGODENDROGLIOMA) and ependymocytes may undergo transformation to become EPENDYMOMA; CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS; or colloid cysts of the third ventricle. (From Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p21)
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a maximal expiration. Common abbreviation is RV.
Water content outside of the lung vasculature. About 80% of a normal lung is made up of water, including intracellular, interstitial, and blood water. Failure to maintain the normal homeostatic fluid exchange between the vascular space and the interstitium of the lungs can result in PULMONARY EDEMA and flooding of the alveolar space.
An imprecise term which may refer to a sense of spatial disorientation, motion of the environment, or lightheadedness.
Water-soluble proteins found in egg whites, blood, lymph, and other tissues and fluids. They coagulate upon heating.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity or organ via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.
Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.
The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Determination of the shortest time interval between the injection of a substance in the vein and its arrival at some distant site in sufficient concentration to produce a recognizable end result. It represents approximately the inverse of the average velocity of blood flow between two points.
External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.
Poly or pyrophosphates of tin. In conjunction with radioactive technetium these compounds are used as bone-scanning agents and in scintigraphy to diagnose myocardial and cerebral infarction.
Measurement of blood flow based on induction at one point of the circulation of a known change in the intravascular heat content of flowing blood and detection of the resultant change in temperature at a point downstream.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
Gadolinium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Gd, atomic number 64, and atomic weight 157.25. Its oxide is used in the control rods of some nuclear reactors.
Interstitial space between cells, occupied by INTERSTITIAL FLUID as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. For organisms with a CELL WALL, the extracellular space includes everything outside of the CELL MEMBRANE including the PERIPLASM and the cell wall.
A standard and widely accepted diagnostic test used to identify patients who have a vasodepressive and/or cardioinhibitory response as a cause of syncope. (From Braunwald, Heart Disease, 7th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria. Dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants. They are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
Stable chromium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element chromium, but differ in atomic weight. Cr-50, 53, and 54 are stable chromium isotopes.
Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.
Substances that are used in place of blood, for example, as an alternative to BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS after blood loss to restore BLOOD VOLUME and oxygen-carrying capacity to the blood circulation, or to perfuse isolated organs.
A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.
The two types of spaces between which water and other body fluids are distributed: extracellular and intracellular.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.
A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC
The internal resistance of the BLOOD to shear forces. The in vitro measure of whole blood viscosity is of limited clinical utility because it bears little relationship to the actual viscosity within the circulation, but an increase in the viscosity of circulating blood can contribute to morbidity in patients suffering from disorders such as SICKLE CELL ANEMIA and POLYCYTHEMIA.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The separation of particles from a suspension by passage through a filter with very fine pores. In ultrafiltration the separation is accomplished by convective transport; in DIALYSIS separation relies instead upon differential diffusion. Ultrafiltration occurs naturally and is a laboratory procedure. Artificial ultrafiltration of the blood is referred to as HEMOFILTRATION or HEMODIAFILTRATION (if combined with HEMODIALYSIS).
Measurement of hemoglobin concentration in blood.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
A potent natriuretic and vasodilatory peptide or mixture of different-sized low molecular weight PEPTIDES derived from a common precursor and secreted mainly by the HEART ATRIUM. All these peptides share a sequence of about 20 AMINO ACIDS.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
A diagnostic technique that incorporates the measurement of molecular diffusion (such as water or metabolites) for tissue assessment by MRI. The degree of molecular movement can be measured by changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with time, as reflected by tissue microstructure. Diffusion MRI has been used to study BRAIN ISCHEMIA and tumor response to treatment.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
The number of RED BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.
The carbohydrate-rich zone on the cell surface. This zone can be visualized by a variety of stains as well as by its affinity for lectins. Although most of the carbohydrate is attached to intrinsic plasma membrane molecules, the glycocalyx usually also contains both glycoproteins and proteoglycans that have been secreted into the extracellular space and then adsorbed onto the cell surface. (Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 3d ed, p502)
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Normal human serum albumin mildly iodinated with radioactive iodine (131-I) which has a half-life of 8 days, and emits beta and gamma rays. It is used as a diagnostic aid in blood volume determination. (from Merck Index, 11th ed)
Sodium excretion by URINATION.

Reduction in baroreflex cardiovascular responses due to venous infusion in the rabbit. (1/1976)

We studied reflex bradycardia and depression of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) during left aortic nerve (LAN) stimulation before and after volume infusion in the anesthetized rabbit. Step increases in mean right atrial pressure (MRAP) to 10 mm Hg did not result in a significant change in heart rate or MAP. After volume loading, responses to LAN stimulation were not as great and the degree of attenuation was propoetional to the level of increased MRAP. A change in responsiveness was observed after elevation of MRAP by only 1 mm Hg, corresponding to less than a 10% increase in average calculated blood volume. after an increase in MRAP of 10 mm Hg, peak responses were attenuated by 44% (heart rate) and 52% (MAP), and the initial slopes (rate of change) were reduced by 46% (heart rate) and 66% (MAP). Comparison of the responses after infusion with blood and dextran solutions indicated that hemodilution was an unlikely explanation for the attenuation of the reflex responses. Total arterial baroreceptor denervation (ABD) abolished the volume-related attenuation was still present following bilateral aortic nerve section or vagotomy. It thus appears that the carotid sinus responds to changes inblood volume and influences the reflex cardiovascular responses to afferent stimulation of the LAN. On the other hand, cardiopulmonary receptors subserved by vagal afferents do not appear to be involved.  (+info)

Quantification of baroreceptor influence on arterial pressure changes seen in primary angiotension-induced hypertension in dogs. (2/1976)

We studied the role of the sino-aortic baroreceptors in the gradual development of hypertension induced by prolonged administration of small amounts of angiotensin II (A II) in intact dogs and dogs with denervated sino-aortic baroreceptors. Short-term 1-hour infusions of A II(1.0-100 ng/kg per min) showed that conscious denervated dogs had twice the pressor sensitivity of intact dogs. Long-term infusions of A II at 5.0 ng/kg per min (2-3 weeks) with continuous 24-hour recordings of arterial pressure showed that intact dogs required 28 hours to reach the same level of pressure attained by denervated dogs during the 1st hour of infusion. At the 28th hour the pressure in both groups was 70% of the maximum value attained by the 7th day of infusion. Both intact and denervated dogs reached nearly the same plateau level of pressure, the magnitude being directly related both the the A II infusion rate and the daily sodium intake. Cardiac output in intact dogs initially decreased after the onset of A II infusion, but by the 5th day of infusion it was 38% above control, whereas blood volume was unchanged. Heart rate returned to normal after a reduction during the 1st day of infusion in intact dogs. Plasma renin activity could not be detected after 24 hours of A II infusion in either intact or denervated dogs. The data indicate that about 35% of the hypertensive effect of A II results from its acute pressor action, and an additional 35% of the gradual increase in arterial pressure is in large measure a result of baroreceptor resetting. We conclude that the final 30% increase in pressure seems to result from increased cardiac output, the cause of which may be decreased vascular compliance. since the blood volume remains unaltered.  (+info)

Myocardial oxygenation during high work states in hearts with postinfarction remodeling. (3/1976)

BACKGROUND: Postinfarction left ventricular remodeling (LVR) is associated with reductions in myocardial high-energy phosphate (HEP) levels, which are more severe in animals that develop overt congestive heart failure (CHF). During high work states, further HEP loss occurs, which suggests demand-induced ischemia. This study tested the hypothesis that inadequate myocyte oxygen availability is the basis for these HEP abnormalities. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial infarction was produced by left circumflex coronary artery ligation in swine. Studies were performed in 20 normal animals, 14 animals with compensated LVR, and 9 animals with CHF. Phosphocreatine (PCr)/ATP was determined with 31P NMR and deoxymyoglobin (Mb-delta) with 1H NMR in myocardium remote from the infarct. Basal PCr/ATP tended to be decreased in postinfarct hearts, and this was significant in animals with CHF. Infusion of dobutamine (20 microg x kg-1 x min-1 IV) caused doubling of the rate-pressure product in both normal and LVR hearts and resulted in comparable significant decreases of PCr/ATP in both groups. This decrease in PCr/ATP was not associated with detectable Mb-delta. In CHF hearts, rate-pressure product increased only 40% in response to dobutamine; this attenuated response also was not associated with detectable Mb-delta. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, the decrease of PCr/ATP during dobutamine infusion is not the result of insufficient myocardial oxygen availability. Furthermore, in CHF hearts, the low basal PCr/ATP and the attenuated response to dobutamine occurred in the absence of myocardial hypoxia, indicating that the HEP and contractile abnormalities were not the result of insufficient oxygen availability.  (+info)

Increased orthostatic tolerance following moderate exercise training in patients with unexplained syncope. (4/1976)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a programme of simple, moderate exercise training increases blood volume and improves orthostatic tolerance in patients with attacks of syncope or near syncope related to orthostatic stress. DESIGN: An open study in 14 patients referred with unexplained attacks of syncope, who were shown to have a low tolerance to an orthostatic stress test. Measurements were made of plasma and blood volumes, orthostatic tolerance to a test of combined head up tilt and lower body suction, and baroreceptor sensitivity by applying subatmospheric pressures to a chamber over the neck. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed from the relation between heart rate and oxygen uptake during a graded treadmill exercise test. Assessments were made before and after undertaking an exercise training programme (Canadian Air Force 5BX/XBX). RESULTS: After the training period, 12 of the 14 patients showed evidence of improved cardiorespiratory fitness. All 12 patients were symptomatically improved; they showed increases in plasma and blood volumes and in orthostatic tolerance, and decreases in baroreceptor sensitivity. Despite the improved orthostatic tolerance, values of blood pressure both while supine and initially following tilting were lower than before training. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise training has a role in the management of patients with syncope and poor orthostatic tolerance. It improves symptoms and increases orthostatic tolerance without increasing resting blood pressure.  (+info)

Stroke volume decline during prolonged exercise is influenced by the increase in heart rate. (5/1976)

This study determined whether the decline in stroke volume (SV) during prolonged exercise is related to an increase in heart rate (HR) and/or an increase in cutaneous blood flow (CBF). Seven active men cycled for 60 min at approximately 57% peak O2 uptake in a neutral environment (i.e., 27 degrees C, <40% relative humidity). They received a placebo control (CON) or a small oral dose (i.e., approximately 7 mg) of the beta1-adrenoceptor blocker atenolol (BB) at the onset of exercise. At 15 min, HR and SV were similar during CON and BB. From 15 to 55 min during CON, a 13% decline in SV was associated with an 11% increase in HR and not with an increase in CBF. CBF increased mainly from 5 to 15 min and remained stable from 20 to 60 min of exercise in both treatments. However, from 15 to 55 min during BB, when the increase in HR was prevented by atenolol, the decline in SV was also prevented, despite a normal CBF response (i.e., similar to CON). Cardiac output was similar in both treatments and stable throughout the exercise bouts. We conclude that during prolonged exercise in a neutral environment the decline in SV is related to the increase in HR and is not affected by CBF.  (+info)

Effect of acute normovolemic hemodilution on distribution of blood flow and tissue oxygenation in dog skeletal muscle. (6/1976)

Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) is efficient in reducing allogenic blood transfusion needs during elective surgery. Tissue oxygenation is maintained by increased cardiac output and oxygen extraction and, presumably, a more homogeneous tissue perfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate blood flow distribution and oxygenation of skeletal muscle. ANH from hematocrit of 36 +/- 3 to 20 +/- 1% was performed in 22 splenectomized, anesthetized beagles (17 analyzed) ventilated with room air. Normovolemia was confirmed by measurement of blood volume. Distribution of perfusion within skeletal muscle was determined by using radioactive microspheres. Tissue oxygen partial pressure was assessed with a polarographic platinum surface electrode. Cardiac index (3.69 +/- 0.79 vs. 4.79 +/- 0.73 l. min-1. m-2) and muscle perfusion (4.07 +/- 0.44 vs. 5.18 +/- 0.36 ml. 100 g-1. min-1) were increased at hematocrit of 20%. Oxygen delivery to skeletal muscle was reduced to 74% of baseline values (0.64 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.48 +/- 0.03 ml O2. 100 g-1. min-1). Nevertheless, tissue PO2 was preserved (27.4 +/- 1.3 vs. 29.9 +/- 1. 4 Torr). Heterogeneity of muscle perfusion (relative dispersion) was reduced after ANH (20.0 +/- 2.2 vs. 13.9 +/- 1.5%). We conclude that a more homogeneous distribution of perfusion is one mechanism for the preservation of tissue oxygenation after moderate ANH, despite reduced oxygen delivery.  (+info)

Breathing responses to small inspiratory threshold loads in humans. (7/1976)

To investiage the effect of inspiratory threshold load (ITL) on breathing, all previous work studied loads that were much greater than would be encountered under pathophysiological conditions. We hypothesized that mild ITL from 2.5 to 20 cmH2O is sufficient to modify control and sensation of breathing. The study was performed in healthy subjects. The results demonstrated that with mild ITL 1) inspiratory difficulty sensation could be perceived at an ITL of 2.5 cmH2O; 2) tidal volume increased without change in breathing frequency, resulting in hyperpnea; and 3) although additional time was required for inspiratory pressure to attain the threshold before inspiratory flow was initiated, the total inspiratory muscle contraction time remained constant. This resulted in shortening of the available time for inspiratory flow, so that the tidal volume was maintained or increased by significant increase in mean inspiratory flow. On the basis of computer simulation, we conclude that the mild ITL is sufficient to increase breathing sensation and alter breathing control, presumably aiming at maintaining a certain level of ventilation but minimizing the energy consumption of the inspiratory muscles.  (+info)

Efficacy of recombinant human Hb by 31P-NMR during isovolemic total exchange transfusion. (8/1976)

The ability of recombinant human Hb (rHb1.1), which is being developed as an oxygen therapeutic, to support metabolism was measured by in vivo 31P-NMR surface coil spectroscopy of the rat abdomen in control animals and in animals subjected to isovolemic exchange transfusion to hematocrit of <3% with human serum albumin or 5 g/dl rHb1.1. No significant changes in metabolite levels were observed in control animals for up to 6 h. The albumin-exchange experiments, however, resulted in a more than eightfold increase in Pi and a 50% drop in phosphocreatine and ATP within 40 min. The tissue pH dropped from 7.4 to 6.8. The decrease in high-energy phosphates obeyed Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with a Michaelis-Menten constant of 3% as the hematocrit at which a 50% drop in high-energy phosphates was observed. Exchange transfusion with rHb1.1 resulted in no significant drop in high-energy phosphates, no rise in Pi, and no change in tissue pH from 7.35 +/- 0.15 for up to 5 h after exchange. By these criteria, rHb1.1 at a plasma Hb concentration of approximately 5 g/dl after total exchange transfusion was able to sustain energy metabolism of gut tissue at levels indistinguishable from control rats with a threefold higher total Hb level in erythrocytes.  (+info)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Perfusion MR imaging measures of relative CBV can distinguish recurrent tumor from posttreatment radiation effects in high-grade gliomas. Currently, relative CBV measurement requires normalization based on user-defined reference tissues. A recently proposed method of relative CBV standardization eliminates the need for user input. This study compares the predictive performance of relative CBV standardization against relative CBV normalization for quantifying recurrent tumor burden in high-grade gliomas relative to posttreatment radiation effects.. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 38 previously treated patients with high-grade gliomas (World Health Organization grades III or IV) undergoing surgical re-resection for new contrast-enhancing lesions concerning for recurrent tumor versus posttreatment radiation effects. We recovered 112 image-localized biopsies and quantified the percentage of histologic tumor content versus posttreatment radiation effects for each sample. ...
Angiographic methods can provide valuable information on vessel morphology and hemodynamics, but are often qualitative in nature, somewhat limiting their ability for comparison across arteries and subjects. In this work we present a method for quantifying absolute blood volume flow rates within large vessels using dynamic angiographic data. First, a kinetic model incorporating relative blood volume, bolus dispersion and signal attenuation is fitted to the data. A self-calibration method is also described for both 2D and 3D data sets to convert the relative blood volume parameter into absolute units. The parameter values are then used to simulate the signal arising from a very short bolus, in the absence of signal attenuation, which can be readily encompassed within a vessel mask of interest. The volume flow rate can then be determined by calculating the resultant blood volume within the vessel mask divided by the simulated bolus duration. This method is applied to non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pseudoprogression of glioblastoma after chemo- and radiation therapy. T2 - Diagnosis by using dynamic susceptibility-weighted contrast-enhanced perfusion MR imaging with ferumoxytol versus gadoteridol and correlation with survival. AU - Gahramanov, Seymur. AU - Muldoon, Leslie. AU - Varallyay, Csanad G.. AU - Li, Xin. AU - Kraemer, Dale. AU - Fu, Rongwei (Rochelle). AU - Hamilton, Bronwyn. AU - Rooney, William. AU - Neuwelt, Edward. PY - 2013/3. Y1 - 2013/3. N2 - Purpose: To compare gadoteridol and ferumoxytol for measurement of relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) who showed progressive disease at conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging after chemo- and radiation therapy (hereafter, chemoradiotherapy) and to correlate rCBV with survival. Materials and Methods: Informed consent was obtained from all participants before enrollment in one of four institutional review board-approved protocols. Contrast agent leakage maps and rCBV ...
Author: Huber, Laurentius et al.; Genre: Journal Article; Published in Print: 2014; Keywords: Vascular space occupancy; Slab-selective VASO; Cerebral blood volume; 7 Tesla; fMRI acquisition techniques; Title: Slab-selective, BOLD-corrected VASO at 7 Tesla provides measures of cerebral blood volume reactivity with high signal-to-noise ratio
In medicine, intravascular volume status refers to the volume of blood in a patients circulatory system, and is essentially the blood plasma component of the overall volume status of the body, which otherwise includes both intracellular fluid and extracellular fluid. Still, the intravascular component is usually of primary interest, and volume status is sometimes used synonymously with intravascular volume status. It is related to the patients state of hydration, but is not identical to it. For instance, intravascular volume depletion can exist in an adequately hydrated person if there is loss of water into interstitial tissue (e.g. due to hyponatremia or liver failure). Volume contraction of intravascular fluid (blood plasma) is termed hypovolemia, and its signs include, in order of severity: a fast pulse infrequent and low volume urination dry mucous membranes (e.g. a dry tongue) poor capillary refill (e.g. when the patients fingertip is pressed, the skin turns white, but upon release, the ...
Several studies have demonstrated increased rCBV in high-grade gliomas compared with low-grade tumors.2,4-6,8-10 There is, however, considerable variation in the reported rCBV values for low- and high-grade tumors (On-line Table). In SE-EPI DSC imaging, transverse relaxation rates peak at a vessel diameter of 1-2 μm, whereas in GE-EPI DSC imaging they plateau at 3-4 μm and then remain independent of vessel size, explaining the lower rCBVs found with SE techniques.6 Differences may also be due to variations in the histologic types of LGG examined and inclusion or exclusion of intratumoral vessels in the analysis, often not specified.. We demonstrated that inclusion of large intratumoral vessels significantly increases rCBVmax values in all types of LGG. Their identification may be difficult on rCBV color maps alone and necessitates reviewing of unprocessed perfusion data. The diameter of intratumoral vessels clearly identifiable on GE-EPI images lies in the millimeter range (approximating the ...
Several studies have demonstrated increased rCBV in high-grade gliomas compared with low-grade tumors.2,4-6,8-10 There is, however, considerable variation in the reported rCBV values for low- and high-grade tumors (On-line Table). In SE-EPI DSC imaging, transverse relaxation rates peak at a vessel diameter of 1-2 μm, whereas in GE-EPI DSC imaging they plateau at 3-4 μm and then remain independent of vessel size, explaining the lower rCBVs found with SE techniques.6 Differences may also be due to variations in the histologic types of LGG examined and inclusion or exclusion of intratumoral vessels in the analysis, often not specified.. We demonstrated that inclusion of large intratumoral vessels significantly increases rCBVmax values in all types of LGG. Their identification may be difficult on rCBV color maps alone and necessitates reviewing of unprocessed perfusion data. The diameter of intratumoral vessels clearly identifiable on GE-EPI images lies in the millimeter range (approximating the ...
Synonyms for Blood volume in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Blood volume. 76 synonyms for blood: lifeblood, gore, vital fluid, family, relations, birth, descent, extraction, ancestry, lineage, kinship, kindred, hostility, anger.... What are synonyms for Blood volume?
PURPOSE: To use multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to quantify treatment-induced changes in the whole volume of diffuse infiltrating pontine gliomas and correlate them with progression-free survival (PFS). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective study included 22 children aged 3.3 to 14.7 years (median, 5.9 years). Multimodal MRI was performed at 3 distinct time points: before treatment, the first week following radiation therapy (RT), and 2 months after RT. The imaging protocol included morphologic, multi b-value diffusion; arterial spin labeling; and dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion. Morphologic and multimodal data-lesion volume, diffusion coefficients, relative cerebral blood flow, and relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV)-were recorded at the 3 aforementioned time points. The Wilcoxon test was used to compare each individual parameter variation between time points, and its correlation with PFS was assessed by the Spearman test. RESULTS: Following RT, the tumors ...
Looking for hypervolemia? Find out information about hypervolemia. See also: Formulas for the Volumes of Some Common Solids Formulas for the Volumes of Some Common Solids Solid Volume1 cube l 3 right rectangular... Explanation of hypervolemia
The |i|Journal of Biomedical Optics|/i| (JBO) publishes peer-reviewed papers on the use of novel optical systems and techniques for improved health care and biomedical research.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:. I. To prospectively determine the sensitivity and specificity of dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC)-MRI parameters in detecting tumor recurrence versus radiation necrosis for brain metastases treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:. I. To correlate radiographic diagnoses with pathologic diagnoses when surgical resection is clinically indicated.. II. To correlate baseline relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) values and other hemodynamic parameters with tumor primary histology.. III. To assess overall survival, local failure, distant brain failure and neurologic death.. OUTLINE:. Participants undergo a diagnostic MRI with and without contrast and treatment planning DSC perfusion MRI series before receiving SRS at 4-6 weeks after SRS, and then every 3 months unless clinically indicated sooner. ...
The human hippocampal formation is characterized by anterior-posterior gradients of cell density, neurochemistry, and hemodynamics. In addition, some functions are associated with specific subfields (subiculum, CA1-4, dentate gyrus) and regions (anterior and posterior). We performed contrast-enhanced, high-resolution T1-weighted 3T steady state (SS) imaging to investigate cerebral blood volume (CBV) gradients of the hippocampal formation. We studied 14 healthy subjects and found significant CBV gradients (anterior , posterior) in the subiculum but not in other hippocampal subfields. Since CBV is a marker of basal metabolism, these results indicate a greater baseline activity in the anterior compared with the posterior subiculum. This gradient might be related to the role of the subiculum as the main outflow station of the hippocampal formation and might have implications for the mechanisms of neuropsychiatric disorders. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Perfusion-based segmentation of the human brain using similarity mapping. AU - Wiart, Marlene. AU - Rognin, Nicolas. AU - Berthezene, Yves. AU - Nighoghossian, Norbert. AU - Froment, Jean Claude. AU - Baskurt, Atilla. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. N2 - In this work, a method for segmenting human brain MR scans on the basis of perfusion is described. This technique uses a measure of similarity between the time-intensity curves obtained with dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI and a modeled curve of reference to isolate a tissue of interest, such as white or gray matter. The aim of this study was to validate the method by performing segmentation of white and gray matter in six controls. The relative regional blood volume grayto-white matter ratio was used as a criterion to assess the quality of segmentation. On average, this ratio was 2.1 ± 0.2, which is in good agreement with the literature, thus suggesting reliable segmentation. In the case of abnormal perfusion, time-intensity ...
These scientific tests looks convinced, and seems fine for all these while. But if you think about it deeply, it might not be the actual story. Lets take the example of RBCC and anemia. Anemia means the total blood volume in someone body is not sufficient. Are you convinced that just a few tenth or hundred CC of blood that a blood test can measure your total blood volume? In brief, blood test assay is taking proportion of certain substance inside a certain volume of blood, which is quantitative measurement. It doesnt sounds logic that we can measure total blood volume inside a body using this kind of quantitative measurement. Let me describe using a real life example. Assume inside a mall there are 1 million people and we do not know. We would like to know the total number of people and we started the survey. If we sample using 100 people, 60 men and 40 women, we may be able to get the proportion of man to woman in the mall, but we will never able to know the total number of people inside the ...
Tumour cells including those lining vascular spaces (asterisks) and those containing mitotic figures (arrows) show positive granular cytoplasmic staining for fa
A lot of people with ME and/or POTS are thought to have low blood volume and that this low blood volume can cause a variety of symptoms. Now, if you...
Assessment of myocardial blood volume changes during adenosine using MCE can be used for the determination of the functional relevance of coronary stenoses of intermediate angiographic severity if MVO2 is increased during adenosine.
I remember vaguely that sometime about 1935 there appeared in Tubercle the observations of two experimenters who, having shaved one side of rabbits chests, pai
In view of the remarkable decrease of the relative heart weight and the relative blood volume in growing pigs, we investigated whether cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV) of modern growing pigs are proportional to body mass (M), as predicted by allometric scaling laws: CO (or SV) = a.M(b), ... read more in which b is a multitude of 0.25 (quarter power scaling law). Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that CO scales with M to the power of 0.75 (CO = a.M(0.75)) and SV scales with M to the power of 1.00 (SV = a.M(1.0)) and investigated whether these relations persisted during increased cardiac stress. For this purpose, 2 groups of pigs (group 1 of 57 +/- 3 kg in Lelystad, and group 2 of 28 +/- 1 kg in Rotterdam) were chronically instrumented with a flow probe to measure CO and SV; instrumented pigs were studied at rest and during strenuous exercise (at approximately 85% of maximum heart rate). Analysis of both groups of pigs (analyzed separately or combined) under resting conditions ...
By carefully considering all the challenges of high-field VASO and filling behavior of the relevant vasculature, the proposed method can detect and quantify CBV changes with high CNR in human brain at 7T.
The cord provides oxygen and other essentials to the baby in the womb and in the first few minutes after the birth, while the babys lungs are inflating and acclimating to breathing air for the first time. Its essential for babys oxygenation that the cord remain intact for a *minimum* of 3 minutes after the birth, according to the World Health Organization. Additionally, since the blood in the placenta and cord are part of the babys total blood volume and designed to be returned to the baby through the cord after the birth, if the cord is clamped and cut prematurely, the baby is deprived of 30-40% of his total blood volume, which means that many babies have low iron levels due to that blood loss. This is a health problem called anemia, and its measurable for 6 months or more after the birth in babies whose cords were cut too early ...
View Notes - TheUrinarySystemNew_1 from AVS 350L at Cal Poly Pomona. Vasoconstrictors Functions of the Urinary System Maintains Homeostasis a. Blood volume b. Blood concentration of: 1. fluid balance
The main findings of our study are threefold. First, increased PEEP during positive-pressure ventilation with moderate tidal volumes produced an increase in MSFP, which almost completely compensated for the concomitant increase in RAP and did not change RVR. Consequently, cardiac output did not change. When blood volume was altered, MSFP and RAP changed in the same direction, but RAP was less affected. Accordingly, VRdP and cardiac output decreased and increased in parallel with blood volume, but again, RVR did not change.. Second, MSFPinsp_hold overestimated the MSFPRAO in euvolemic conditions, regardless of the PEEP level, whereas in bleeding and hypervolemia, the observed values were very similar.. Third, the inspiratory hold maneuvers shifted the venous return pressure/flow relationship to the right of the reference venous return curve in euvolemic conditions but did not do so in bleeding or hypervolemia.. To explain the shift in the pressure/flow relationship during the inspiratory holds ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of [Comparative study of circulating blood volume in dogs using T-1824 dye and Cr 51-labelled erythrocytes]. by N. A. Gorbunova
This stock medical exhibit depicts decreased blood volume with subsequent brain damage. It compares this medical condition with the normal condition.
Volume 2 of Ink is My Blood, like Volume 1, was successfully crowdfunded, and covers Apollonias work from 2014 and 2015, again including more than 130 full-page drawings.
The most important thing to remember when beginning to read Rebel Blood is that it is unequivocally not a zombie story. You might flip th...
The mill ball loading was 40% by volume, ... The optimal ball diameter in a mill 333 The grinding efficiency of the narrow particle ... cement ball mill volume loading pictures - … How to Handle the Charge Volume of a Ball Mill or Rod Mill - Essay ... Jan 4, 2012 ... The charge volume of a ball or rod mill is expressed as the percentage of .... ...
The Volume Merge operation flattens the scalar data in a collection of volumes into a single base volume. This is useful for converting many overlapping volumes into one large volume for more efficient rendering. For example, you can stamp hundreds of thousands of volumes into a single volume for faster rendering, and flatten hierarchies into a low-res base. You can also create a Frustum volume that ensures only voxels in your cameras field of view are created.. ...
regulates carbohydrate-protein metabolism. - determines the level of sodium in the blood. - releases glucose and fatty acids from the blood. - regulates the immune response of the body. - anti-inflammatory. - affects the strength of the connective tissues of the body. When there is too much cortisol there are a number of negative consequences for our body. We are exposed to. - an increase in the level of glucose in the blood and a drop in insulin sensitivity, which usually results in the deposition of fat throughout the body and the inhibition of the possibility of its burning, eg during the reduction cycle. - excessive amount of sodium in the blood and increased blood volume. The result is increased pressure, overload for the heart or vascular system. Excess sodium in the body also causes the retention of larger subcutaneous water, which affects the quality of the silhouette. - weakened bodys resistance to diseases and infections. - weight gain, increased blood sugar, slower metabolic rate and ...
This eMedTV resource discusses how aliskiren-HCTZ is used for lowering high blood pressure in adults. This page further explains aliskiren-HCTZ uses, including an explanation of how the drug works to reduce blood volume and relax the blood vessels.
Saya promised to use her sword fighting skills to protect her classmates. When man-eating monsters start snatching away her friends, though, can she persevere? This manga series is based on an anime collaboration between CLAMP and Production I.G and continues the story line that began in the Blood+ anime and manga worlds!. * Prequel to Production I.Gs Blood-C: The Last Dark feature film!. * Based on CLAMPs original story line and character designs!. * Dark Horse has sold over 70,000 copies of previous Blood+ volumes!. ...
Hypervolemia is a condition in which there is too much fluid in the blood. It is also known as fluid overload. Learn more about the causes.
Which volumes or VDBs in the first input to stamp into. If no name attribute is present, there should be a single volume or VDB and is treated as the density target.. If more than one is present, a name attribute should be present. The name is used to compare with the volumes cooked in the third input.. All of the destination must be aligned and of the same time (vdb or volume).. ...
Phytopathology October 2010 - Volume 100, Number 10 Table of Contents...Phytopathology October 2010 - Volume 100, Number 10 Table of Contents...​​PhytopathologyOctober 2010 - Volume 100, Number 10...
Adjustable Volume Pipettes found in: DiamondPRO™ Adjustable Volume Pipettor, Research Plus Fixed-Volume Pipettes, Pearl™ Adjustable Volume Pipettes,..
You can increase the reported capacity (the capacity reported to hosts) of a volume by using the free capacity that is available in the pool or volume group.
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Tokyo Financial Exchange (TFX) has just released its trading volumes report for the month of December. The total trading volume of FX Daily Futures
A list of articles to be published in the first issue of Journal of Brand Strategy Volume 5 will appear here shortly. In the meantime, a list of articles already scheduled for Volume 5 can be found here.
The search volumes for bitcoin and ethereum appear to be inversely correlated during August. This search data reflects overall market trends, with bitco
The 2015 Nissan GT-R Nismo holds a lap time of seven minutes and 8.679 seconds around the Nurburgring, which Nissan claims makes it the fastest volume production car around the track.
Volume. Length. 1cm. Length is measured in mm, cm, m or km. Area. 1cm. 1cm. 1cm 2. Area is measured in mm 2 , cm 2 , m 2 or km 2 3cm 8cm Area = length x width Area…
iMedPub is a new approach to scientific publishing. As an open service to scientists, it is driven by researchers for researchers, while serving the interests of the general public. Volume 9, Issue 2, 2013
iMedPub is a new approach to scientific publishing. As an open service to scientists, it is driven by researchers for researchers, while serving the interests of the general public. Volume 2, Issue 1, 2006
iMedPub is a new approach to scientific publishing. As an open service to scientists, it is driven by researchers for researchers, while serving the interests of the general public. Volume 6, Issue 5, 2015
iMedPub is a new approach to scientific publishing. As an open service to scientists, it is driven by researchers for researchers, while serving the interests of the general public. Volume 5, Issue 5, 2014
Multicenter prospective randomized trial to compare heart failure management strategies based on clinical assessment of volume status vs. direct measurement of blood volume with a radioisotope technique. Subjects will be randomly assigned to a standard care strategy with guideline recommended treatment based on serial clinical assessment of blood volume or a measured blood volume strategy with guideline recommended treatment based on serial measured blood volume. All subjects will undergo blood volume measurement procedures, but the testing results will only be returned to the physician in the group assigned to management according to measured blood volume status. Subjects will be blinded to their study treatment assignment status ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fetal heart rate, arterial pressure, and blood volume responses to cortisol infusion. AU - Wood, C. E.. AU - Cheung, C. Y.. AU - Brace, R. A.. PY - 1987. Y1 - 1987. N2 - The purpose of this study was to determine whether physiological amounts of cortisol affect the fetal cardiovascular system. Cortisol (4 μg/min) or the vehicle was infused intravenously for 5 h into six chronically catheterized sheep fetuses at 127-143 days gestation (term = 145-150 days). In the cortisol-infused animals, plasma cortisol concentration increased from 2.0 ± 0.6 (SE) to 8.3 ± 0.9 ng/ml. There was a concomitant decrease in fetal heart rate of 38 beats/min (P , 1 x 10-6) and an increase in arterial pressure. Estimated blood volume decreased by 6% in the cortisol-infused fetuses compared with the vehicle-infused animals (P , 1 x 10-4). In addition, plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine concentrations decreased to 70% of control at the end of the 5-h cortisol infusion, whereas plasma renin ...
This study investigated whether excision of either the right or left atrial appendage of rats alters their natriuretic response and the release of atrial natriuretic factor during acute blood volume expansion or reduction. These animals were subjected to a thoracotomy and either had their right or left atrial appendages removed or underwent a right or left atrial sham appendectomy for comparative, control purposes. Intrajugular vein, intracarotid artery, and intravesical catheters were installed 3-4 weeks later under sodium pentobarbital anesthesia. Then, when the rats were conscious, blood volume was expanded using blood from donor rats once every 15 minutes in 3 increments of 10% of the calculated total blood volume at a rate of 5 ml/kg/min. Blood and urine samples were collected before volume expansion and at the end of each 15-minute period, with the withdrawn blood being replaced. A maximal fourfold increase in urinary volume, urinary sodium excretion, and plasma atrial natriuretic factor ...
Effects of hemodialysis on extracellular fluid volume distribution, left ventricular volumes, and cardiac output were determined in patients with end-stage renal disease (n = 19). Distribution of extracellular fluid loss from hemodialysis differed widely among patients, so that weight change correlated weakly with contraction of total blood volume (index of determination 29%, p less than 0.05). End-diastolic volume (EDV) decreased from 150 +/- 49 ml (mean +/- SD) to 118 +/- 42 ml, p less than 0.001; stroke volume (SV) decreased from 108 +/- 36 to 86 +/- 33 ml (p less than 0.001) without change in ejection fraction (from 0.73 +/- 0.09 to 0.74 +/- 0.11). A significant correlation was found between total blood volume (TBV) and EDV before (r = 0.66, p less than 0.005) and after dialysis (r = 0.61, p less than 0.001). The correlation between TBV and SV was highly significant before (r = 0.78, p less than 0.001) and after dialysis (r = 0.66, p less than 0.005), but there was no correlation between ...
To test these hypotheses, we studied 37 consecutive POTS patients aged 14-21 yr (median = 17.2 yr, 11 men and 26 women) and 12 healthy volunteers aged 15-21 yr (median = 17.4 yr, 5 men and 7 women).. POTS patients were referred to our center for symptoms of orthostatic intolerance lasting for longer than 6 mo. Orthostatic intolerance was defined by the presence of lightheadedness, fatigue, headache, neurocognitive deficits, palpitations, nausea, blurred vision, abnormal sweating, and a sensation of shortness of breath or heat while upright with no other medical explanation for the symptoms. In all patients, POTS was confirmed on a screening upright-tilt table test at 70°. POTS was diagnosed by symptoms of orthostatic intolerance during the screening tilt test associated with an increase in sinus HR of ,30 beats/min or to a HR of ,120 beats/min during the first 10 min of tilt as defined in the adult literature (20, 29). We used mercury in-Silastic strain-gauge plethysmography to measure supine ...
The hemodynamic effects of hypovolemia and acidosis were studied in 23 patients with cholera. Studies were made before and during fluid replacement and administration of alkali.. The major hemodynamic abnormalities encountered before rehydration can be ascribed to a reduction in circulating blood volume. Hypovolemia was associated with a reduction in cardiac output, blood pressures, and central blood volume. Restoration of blood volume returned these variables toward normal.. The chief effect of acidosis appeared to be a redistribution of blood from the peripheral to the central circulation; consequently, central blood volume, lesser circulation pressures, and cardiac output were relatively well maintained despite hypovolemia. Fluid administration without correction of acidosis favored a disproportionate increase in central blood volume, while reduction in hydrogen ion concentration attending fluid replacement resulted in a more even distribution of the circulating blood volume and reduced the ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Sinoaortic baroreceptors and the control of blood volume in the nonhuman primate. AU - Cornish, K. G.. AU - McCulloch, T.. AU - Gilmore, J. P.. PY - 1984. Y1 - 1984. N2 - The purpose of this study was to determine the role of the aortic and carotid baroreceptors in regulating blood volume in the conscious nonhuman primate. Eighteen control animals were surgically instrumented to permit the recording of blood pressure, pulse rate, and left atrial pressure. After a urethral catheter was inserted into the bladder, the animals were given an intravenous infusion equal to 20% of the estimated blood volume. Renal function was determined before and after the volume expansion. Nine monkeys received the same infusion after undergoing chronic sinoaortic denervation. The denervated animals responded with a potentiated diuresis and natriuresis. The control animals excreted 24% of the infused volume and 4% of the infused salt while the sinoaortic-denervated animals excreted a volume equal to ...
Both ischemic and non-ischemic heart disease can cause disturbances in the myocardial blood volume (MBV), myocardial perfusion and the myocardial extracellular volume fraction (ECV). Recent studies suggest that native myocardial T1 mapping can detect changes in MBV during adenosine stress without the use of contrast agents. Furthermore, native T2 mapping could also potentially be used to quantify changes in myocardial perfusion and/or MBV. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the relative contributions of myocardial perfusion, MBV and ECV to native T1 and native T2 at rest and during adenosine stress in normal physiology. Healthy subjects (n = 41, 26 ± 5 years, 51% females) underwent 1.5 T cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) scanning. Quantitative myocardial perfusion [ml/min/g] and MBV [%] maps were computed from first pass perfusion imaging at adenosine stress (140 microg/kg/min infusion) and rest following an intravenous contrast bolus (0.05 mmol/kg, gadobutrol). Native T1 and T2 maps
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dynamic intramyocardial blood volume. T2 - Evaluation with a radiological opaque marker method. AU - Liu, Y. H.. AU - Bahn, R. C.. AU - Ritman, E. L.. PY - 1992. Y1 - 1992. N2 - In this study the change of intramyocardial blood volume within one cardiac cycle was deduced from the time sequence of the volume delineated by radiopaque markers attached to the left ventricular wall. These data were compared with the change in the volume of the same region of myocardium estimated from the change in angiographic opacification of the heart wall. Five dogs were anesthetized, and four pairs of 2-mm-diameter lead beads were attached to the epicardial and endocardial regions. Two scans using the dynamic spatial reconstructor (a high-speed computed tomographic scanner) were performed during aortograms, one under control conditions and the other during adenosine infusion. The results have shown that the increases of myocardial volume defined by the beads (ΔV(bead), % of volume at control) ...
To the Editor:. I read with great interest the Hypertension Highlights article, Sympathetic Nervous System and Blood Pressure in Humans.1 I would like to make 2 comments with regard to regulation of sympathetic activity, which relates to the above-mentioned article and may be of interest to your readers. We reported many years ago that sympathetic activity as measured by plasma norepinephrine increased with age.2 Furthermore, we demonstrated that sympathetic activity was inversely related to the blood volume.3 Joyner et al1 demonstrated that muscle nerve sympathetic activity was inversely related to the level of cardiac output in a group of young healthy men. It is well established that cardiac output depends on the level of the blood volume and decreases, for example, in response to volume changes in the standing-up position. It is, therefore, likely that the interrelationship observed between cardiac output and sympathetic activity is at least in part explained by variations in the level of ...
Intravenous solutions with dextran function both as volume expanders and means of parenteral nutrition. See the range of Pharmacosmos Dextran
As a general matter of health, optimum blood volume is essential to the proper function of the bodys cardiopulmonary and circulatory systems. Blood is a significant mass within the body, with an average volume for an adult of 51. liters (1); blood typically represents approximately 8% of body mass. For an elite-level endurance athlete, the blood volume may be 30% greater than that of the average adult.. Blood is composed of solid and liquid elements. Plasma, composed of 90% water, is the liquid that transports various types of dissolved particles as well as blood cells. The cells contained the human blood stream are erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets. Erythrocytes are the red blood cells that contain hemoglobin, the protein that transports oxygen within the body, as well as carry the waste carbon dioxide produced by the body. Leukocytes are the white blood cells that are responsible for attacking infection and other hostile organisms within the body. There are five different types of white ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - MR perfusion studies of brain for patients with unilateral carotid stenosis or occlusion. T2 - Evaluation of maps of time to peak and percentage of baseline at peak. AU - Teng, Michael Mu Huo. AU - Cheng, Hui Cheng. AU - Kao, Yi Hsuan. AU - Hsu, Li Chi. AU - Yeh, Tzu Chen. AU - Hung, Chung Shiou. AU - Wong, Wen Jang. AU - Hu, Han Hwa. AU - Chiang, Jen Huey. AU - Chang, Cheng Yen. PY - 2001/2/6. Y1 - 2001/2/6. N2 - Maps of time to peak (TTP) and percentage of baseline at peak (PBP) were compared with maps of conventional brain perfusion parameters, namely, mean transit time (MTT) and relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV). We performed MR perfusion studies in 11 patients. All of them had occlusion or high-grade stenosis of the unilateral carotid artery. Three areas of old infarct, 4 areas of new infarct, and 10 areas of brain without infarct were evaluated specifically. In all these cases, the TTP maps appeared similar to the MTT maps. They showed increases, normal values, ...
Under normal conditions, blood flow in the renal arterial circulation is antegrade and maintained during diastole. When renal arterial vascular resistance increases or compliance lessens, a decrease in renal diastolic blood flow occurs, which is more pronounced than the decrease in the systolic component (11). This action results in an increased RI. Importantly, the Doppler waveform is altered not by vascular resistance alone but by the interaction of vascular resistance and compliance (e.g., large arterial distensibility, pulse pressure). Therefore, aging, atherosclerosis, and stiffening of the large arteries will result in an increased RI (12). This scenario likely explains the significantly lower baseline RI value in the cohort of healthy young subjects compared with HF patients.. Baseline levels of VII were not different between groups. After multivariate analyses, there was a poor but significant correlation between RVSP and baseline VII, but no significant correlation remained between ...
MediLumine (pronounced ˌmɛdiluˈmin) is a world-leading provider of anatomical and functional micro-CT contrast agents. Our biomimetic Fenestra® lipid emulsions and Mvivo™ nanoparticles are used for a wide array of applications such as angiogenesis blood volume measurements, cardiovascular disease studies, tumor imaging, in-vivo vascular casting and imaging of altered liver function.. ...
Background and Purpose-Computed tomographic perfusion (CTP) thresholds associated with follow-up brain infarction may differ by time from symptom onset to imaging and reperfusion. We confirm CTP thresholds over time to imaging and reperfusion in patients with acute ischemic stroke from the HERMES collaboration (Highly Effective Reperfusion Evaluated in Multiple Endovascular Stroke Trials) data. Methods-Patients with occlusion on CT angiography were acutely imaged with CTP. Noncontrast CT and magnetic resonance-diffusion weighted imaging at 24 to 48 hours defined follow-up infarction. Reperfusion was assessed on conventional angiogram. Tmax, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and cerebral blood volume maps were derived from delayinsensitive CTP postprocessing. These parameters were analyzed using receiver operator characteristics to derive optimal thresholds based on time from stroke onset-to-CTP or to reperfusion. ANOVA and linear regression were used to test whether the derived CTP thresholds were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In Vivo Validation of Magnetic Resonance Blood Volume Flow Measurements with Limited Spatial Resolution in Small Vessels. AU - Hofman, Mark B.M.. AU - Visser, Frans C.. AU - Van Rossum, Albert C.. AU - Vink, Ger Q.M.. AU - Sprenger, Michiel. AU - Westerhof, Nico. PY - 1995/1/1. Y1 - 1995/1/1. N2 - The accuracy of magnetic resonance phase contrast volume flow measurements in small blood vessels is expected to be smaller than in large vessels, because of partial volume effects at the vessel boundary. Accuracy was validated in the dog femoral artery, diameter 3.5 ± 0.7 mm, using an ultrasonic transit‐time flowmeter (TT). The number of pixels per vessel diameter (ND) ranged from 1.6 to 4.8. The vessel cross‐section was determined using a threshold in the magnitude image. Between the two methods the correlation coefficient was 0.95 (range 10-200 ml/min). The proportional difference (PD), (QTT - QMR/1/2(QTT + QMR), was 0.8%, showing no systematic difference between the methods. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Real-time passive volume responses of astrocytes to acute osmotic and ischemic stress in cortical slices and in vivo revealed by two-photon microscopy. AU - Risher, W. Christopher. AU - Andrew, R. David. AU - Kirov, Sergei A.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2009/1/15. Y1 - 2009/1/15. N2 - The brain swells over the several minutes that follow stroke onset or acute hypo-osmotic stress because cells take up water. Measuring the volume responses of single neurons and glia has necessarily been confined to isolated or cultured cells. Two-photon laser scanning microscopy enables real-time visualization of cells functioning deep within living neocortex in vivo or in brain slices under physiologically relevant osmotic and ischemic stress. Astrocytes and their processes expressing green fluorescent protein in murine cortical slices swelled in response to 20 min of overhydration (-40 mOsm) and shrank during dehydration (+40 or +80 mOsm) at 32-34°C. ...
Principal Investigator:SAWADA Yukihiro, Project Period (FY):2001 - 2002, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:実験系心理学
Intravenous 4% succinylated gelatine fluid at a dose of at least 500mL, to be delivered over less than 60 minutes, Exact dose will be determined by treating physician. The study fluid will also be used for any further fluid boluses required within the next 24-hour period, up to a maximum of 50mL/kg or 3000mL. Any fluid required for blood volume expansion beyond 24 hours is open-label; however, the use of gelatine will be not allowed for 7 days post-enrolment. Other crystalloid fluids or blood products may be used for purposes other than blood volume expansion, such as maintenance requirements or transfusion. Use of albumin solution is also permitted, if specifically indicated. Volume and type of all fluids delivered with 7 days of enrolment, or until ICU discharge, will be recorded. ...
A multi-point method of determining a time-zero blood volume by the tracer dilution technique. A tracer is injected into the blood stream of a living being, and a plurality of mixed samples of blood and tracer are removed from the blood stream at a corresponding plurality of measured time intervals subsequent to the injecting step. A blood portion volume corresponding to each time interval is automatically determined from the tracer level in the mixed samples, and a time-zero blood portion volume is automatically calculated from the determined blood portion volumes and time intervals.
Object. The benefits of measuring cerebral oxygenation in patients with brain injury are well accepted; however, jugular bulb oximetry, which is currently the most popular monitoring technique used has several shortcomings. The goal of this study was to validate the use of a new multiparameter sensor that measures brain tissue oxygenation and metabolism (Neurotrend) by comparing it with positron emission tomography (PET) scanning.. Methods. A Neurotrend sensor was inserted into the frontal region of the brain in 19 patients admitted to the neurointensive care unit. After a period of stabilization, the patients were transferred to the PET scanner suite where C15O, 15O2, and H2 15O PET scans were obtained to facilitate calculation of regional cerebral blood volume, O2 metabolism, blood flow, and O2 extraction fraction (OEF). Patients were given hyperventilation therapy to decrease arterial CO2 by approximately 1 kPa (7.5 mm Hg) and the same sequence of PET scans was repeated. For each scanning ...
ABSTRACT Purpose 4D perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with intravenous injection of contrast agent allows for a radiation-free assessment of regional lung function. It is therefore a valuable method to monitor response to treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was designed to evaluate its potential for monitoring short-term response to hyperoxia in COPD patients. Materials and Methods 19 prospectively enrolled COPD patients (median age 66y) underwent paired dynamic contrast-enhanced 4D perfusion MRI within 35min, first breathing 100% oxygen (injection 1, O2) and then room air (injection 2, RA), which was repeated on two consecutive days (day 1 and 2). Post-processing software was employed to calculate mean transit time (MTT), pulmonary blood volume (PBV) and pulmonary blood flow (PBF), based on the indicator dilution theory, for the automatically segmented whole lung and 12 regions of equal volume. Results Comparing O2 with RA conditions, PBF and
It depends on the degree of damage or cut. Certainly our body will compensate for that blood loss. More blood is lost if the cut is big. The body compensates for the gradual decrease in blood volume. The heart rate increases since the heart needs to pump much more just to maintain the normal blood volume and so the BP also increases. Now if the situation wont be given an attention, the blood volume decreases significantly and that could possibly lead to a more life threatening condition which is hypovolemic shock. When BP is obtained, it will be read below the normal level since the compensatory mechanism is no longer able to sustain the necessary blood volume of the body ...
Cleppien, Dirk Ernst, Lei Zheng, Claudia Falfán-Melgoza, Barbara Vollmayr, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, and Alexander Sartorius. 2014. Regional Cerebral Blood Volume (Rcbv) Bias Voxel-Based Morphometry (Vbm) In An Animal Study. In Proceedings 22Nd Scientific Meeting, International Society For Magnetic Resonance In Medicine, 0943. Proceedings 22Nd Scientific Meeting, International Society For Magnetic Resonance In Medicine. http://www.ismrm.org/14/program_files/TP06.htm#TP605 ...
Cleppien, Dirk Ernst, Lei Zheng, Claudia Falfán-Melgoza, Barbara Vollmayr, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, and Alexander Sartorius. 2014. Regional Cerebral Blood Volume (Rcbv) Bias Voxel-Based Morphometry (Vbm) In An Animal Study. In Proceedings 22Nd Scientific Meeting, International Society For Magnetic Resonance In Medicine, 0943. Proceedings 22Nd Scientific Meeting, International Society For Magnetic Resonance In Medicine. http://www.ismrm.org/14/program_files/TP06.htm#TP605 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dynamic glucose enhanced (DGE) MRI for combined imaging of blood-brain barrier break down and increased blood volume in brain cancer. AU - Xu, Xiang. AU - Chan, Kannie W.Y.. AU - Knutsson, Linda. AU - Artemov, Dmitri. AU - Xu, Jiadi. AU - Liu, Guanshu. AU - Kato, Yoshinori. AU - Lal, Bachchu. AU - Laterra, John. AU - McMahon, Michael T.. AU - Van Zijl, Peter C.M.. N1 - Funding Information: NIH; Grant number: R01EB019934 (NIBIB), P50CA103175 (NCI), R01EB015032 (NIBIB), S10RR028955 (NCRR), R21EB018934 (NIBIB).. PY - 2015/12/1. Y1 - 2015/12/1. N2 - Purpose Recently, natural d-glucose was suggested as a potential biodegradable contrast agent. The feasibility of using d-glucose for dynamic perfusion imaging was explored to detect malignant brain tumors based on blood brain barrier breakdown. Methods Mice were inoculated orthotopically with human U87-EGFRvIII glioma cells. Time-resolved glucose signal changes were detected using chemical exchange saturation transfer (glucoCEST) MRI. ...
Lymphatic vessels filter and transport fluid away from tissues before returning it to the blood. This helps to maintain normal blood volume and pressure.
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4 out of 5 stars Bound by Blood Volume One introduces us to the famous vampire Dracula before he makes his hellish deal with Lucifer. Known down through history as a bloodthirsty monster, he actually began his reign as the equally bloodthirsty ruler, Vlad the Impaler. In Draculas time however, rulers had to be heavy…
P. W. G. Tasker; BLOOD VOLUME. Anesthesiology 1959; 20:900 doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-195911000-00048. Download citation file:. ...
A non-invasive system for measuring the concentration of an analyte, such as glucose, in an absorbing matrix is described. The system directs beams of light at the matrix using an analyte sensitive wavelength and an analyte insensitive wavelength. The principles of photoplethysmography are applied to measure the change in light intensity caused by matrix absorption before and after the blood volume change caused by the systolic phase of the cardiac cycle. The change in light intensity is converted to an electrical signal which is used to adjust the light intensity and as a measure of analyte concentration.
Coffee Ground Emesis & Hemoglobin Decreased & Hypervolemia Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Chronic Kidney Insufficiency. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Axitinib is a potent small-molecule receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor that induces significant antiangiogenic responses, including rapid loss of tumor vascular potency with a decrease in tumor blood volume followed by a gradual decrease in microvessel density and ,90% loss of endothelial fenestration of the tumor vasculature (16, 17). These strong antiangiogenic responses contribute to the antitumor activity of axitinib but also raise questions as to how they will affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of more traditional cancer chemotherapeutics in a combination therapy setting. In the present study, we used rat 9L gliosarcoma, a highly vascularized tumor model (20, 21), to study the combination of daily axitinib administration with cyclophosphamide given on an every 6-day repeating, metronomic treatment schedule (11, 13). We found that the combination therapy induced sustained tumor growth stasis on initiation of drug treatment. However, the strong antiangiogenic effect of this drug ...
OBJECTIVES: In patients with large total blood volume contrast material (CM) dilution decreases coronary attenuation in CT coronary angiography (CTCA). As increased blood volume is well paralleled by body surface area (BSA) we assessed a BSA-adapted CM protocol to compensate for dilution effects.. METHODS: Low-dose CTCA with prospective ECG-triggering was performed in 80 patients with a BSA-adapted CM bolus ranging 40-105 ml and injection rate ranging 3.5-5.0 ml/s for a BSA of ,1.70 to ,2.5 m(2). Eighty control patients matched for BSA who had previously undergone routine CTCA with a fixed CM protocol of 80 ml at 5 ml/s served as reference group. The average vessel attenuation from the proximal right (RCA) and the left main coronary artery (LMA) was assessed. Correlation of BSA with vessel attenuation was assessed in both groups.. RESULTS: BSA-matching of all patients was successful (BSA-adapted group 1.98 +/- 0.15 m(2), range 1.66-2.39 m(2) versus reference group 1.98 +/- 0.17 m(2), range ...
In the 200 ml group, 10 min after the end of volume expansion, the increase in MSAP and CVP disappears, whereas ITBV, CI and SI increases remain unchanged and even shows for ITBV a trend toward increase. This suggest a post-expansion effect which is not observed on CVP values. In group 2 who had a higher baseline CVP and a lower volume expansion, the increases in MSAP, CVP, ITBV and SI observed at the end of volume expansion disappear 10 min later, suggesting the absence of a post-expansion effect when the baseline CVP is high and/or the volume infused is low. ...
Most women, especially first time mothers, have deficient knowledge about the normal physiological changes in pregnancy. In the third trimester, mothers are concerned about the changes in body weight, appearance and her complete blood count. It is not surprising if the mother is worried about blood disorders such as anemia.. All these can be attributed to the cardiovascular system changes in a pregnant woman which includes an increase of the blood volume for at least 30% (and possibly for as much as 50%.) An increase of the blood volume is needed by the mother to provide for adequate exchange of nutrients in the placenta and to provide for adequate blood to compensate for blood loss at birth.. In consequence, the increase of blood volume dilutes the blood components including the red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. In response, these blood components also increase slightly. Iron intake is increased to address pseudoanemia and the needs of the fetus. What about the platelets? ...
Whenever one finds blood in the cage, or blood on a bird, the first thing to be done is to locate the source of the blood flow. While a bird can certainly bleed to death from an injury, they rarely do because avian blood clots quickly and effectively. Still, one must take immediate steps to staunch blood flow from a bird, as they have very little blood volume in their body. Losing more than 10% of this blood volume is considered unsafe.. Blood Volume in Birds. So, how much blood in inside of your bird? Birds normally have 6-11 mls of blood per 100 grams of body weight. So a cockatiel weighing 100 grams would have about 8-10 mls of blood in its body, and could therefore only afford to safely lose .8 to 1ml of its blood. This equates to about 8-10 drops of blood before the safety line has been crossed.. Each ml/cc equates to approximately 10 drops of fluid.. Keep in mind that the amount of blood in the cage may look to be a much larger quantity than it actually is, because it spreads. Take an eye ...
Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI has contributions from venous oxygenation and venous cerebral blood volume (CBV) changes. To examine the relative contribution of venous CBV change (ΔCBV(v)) to BOLD fMRI, BOLD and arterial CBV changes (ΔCBV(a)) to a 40-s forepaw stimulation in six α-chloralose anesthetized rats were measured using a magnetization transfer-varied ...
to them. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that low-level physiological signals can be used to develop a machine-learning algorithm for tracking changes in central blood volume that will ...
The hematocrit (Ht) is the percentage of erythrocytes to total blood volume in the blood stream. In the blood this figure is considered to be an integral part of it, along with the hemoglobin, leukocytes and platelets. Because the purpose of erythrocytes is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body, Ht is a measure of the ability of blood to perform its main function. ...
... (BV) can be calculated given the hematocrit (HC; the fraction of blood that is red blood cells) and plasma volume ... Blood volume (volemia) is the volume of blood (blood cells and plasma) in the circulatory system of any individual. A typical ... Clinically, the unknown volume is the patient's blood volume, with the tracer having been injected into the patient's blood ... It is able to report with 98% accuracy within 60 minutes the Total Blood Volume (TBV), Plasma Volume (PV) and Red Cell Volume ( ...
Starks Talks Volumes of Blood 3". Dread Central. Retrieved November 19, 2017. Volumes of Blood Volumes of Blood at IMDb Volumes ... "Volumes of Blood". Owensboro Living Magazine. Retrieved December 20, 2016. "Interview with the Filmmakers of Volumes of Blood ... "Volumes of Blood". Kickstarter. Retrieved December 20, 2016. Hamman, Cody (May 2, 2015). "Volumes of Blood (Movie Review)". ... Boiselle, Matt (April 7, 2015). "Volumes of Blood (2015)". Dread Central. Retrieved April 7, 2015. "Volumes of Blood Horror ...
... has a close and positive correlation with cerebral blood flow. Both cerebral blood volume and cerebral ... Cerebral blood volume is the blood volume in a given amount of brain tissue. The typical human adult's nerve skull contains ... There is a difference between the cerebral blood volume of gray and white matter. The cerebral blood volume value of gray ... The ischemic stroke will cause a substantial reduction in cerebral blood volume. The cerebral blood volume maps can be ...
... (EABV) refers to the adequacy of the arterial blood volume to "fill" the capacity of the ... EABV can be reduced, therefore, by factors which reduce actual arterial blood volume (hemorrhage, dehydration), increase ... or high actual blood volume. Whenever EABV falls, the kidney is triggered to retain sodium and water. In cases of edema, ...
Volumes of Blood Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories at IMDb v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... A sequel to the 2015 film Volumes of Blood, Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories was produced by Eric Huskisson, David Justice, P. ... Volumes of Blood' Sequel". weareindiehorror.com. Retrieved 2019-12-05. Smith, Jerry (December 13, 2016). ""Volumes of Blood: ... "Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories (2016)". Dread Central. Retrieved December 21, 2016. Artz, Matt (August 1, 2017). "Volumes of ...
"Regional very low cerebral blood volume predicts hemorrhagic transformation better than diffusion-weighted imaging volume and ... Very low cerebral blood volume (VLCBV) is a measurement of hemorrhagic transformation degree in the tissue surrounding the ... "Very low cerebral blood volume predicts post-thrombolysis hemorrhage". medwirenews.com. 2009-12-14. Archived (PDF) from the ... Parsons M (November 2009). "Very Low Cerebral Blood Volume (VLCBV) - A New Predictor of Haemorrhagic Transformation after ...
Volume 2. Trinity Blood. TokyoPOP. ISBN 978-1-59816-675-0. Yoshida, Sunao (November 7, 2006). Trinity Blood, Volume 1. Trinity ... Yoshida, Sunao (April 10, 2007). Trinity Blood: Rage Against the Moons, Volume 1 - From the Empire. Trinity Blood: Rage Against ... Yoshida, Sunao (April 10, 2007). Trinity Blood: Rage Against the Moons, Volume 2 - Silent Noise. Trinity Blood: Rage Against ... Yoshida, Sunao (May 13, 2008) [February 2, 2006]. Trinity Blood, Volume 6. Trinity Blood. Tokyopop. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-4278- ...
"Flight Night". Trinity Blood. Episode 1. Yoshida, Sunao (2006-11-07). Trinity Blood, Volume 1. Trinity Blood. TokyoPOP. ISBN ... "The Ibelis I. Evening Visitors". Trinity Blood. Episode 12. Yoshida, Sunao (2006-02-06). Trinity Blood, Volume 6. Trinity Blood ... Trinity Blood: Reborn on Mars. Tokyopop. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-4278-0090-9. Yoshida, Sunao (2006-11-07). Trinity Blood, Volume 2. ... ISBN 1-59816-954-8. Yoshida, Sunao (2007-08-07). Trinity Blood: Reborn on Mars, Volume 1 - The Star of Sorrow. Trinity Blood: ...
"DVD - Trinity Blood Volume 2". Devoted DVD. Archived from the original on December 30, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2012. ... Trinity Blood, Chapter III. "Trinity Blood, Chapter III". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2012. "DVD - Trinity Blood Vol 3 ... Anime and manga portal Television portal List of Trinity Blood chapters List of Trinity Blood characters List of Trinity Blood ... The first six volumes include special "secret voice" CDs in addition to the extras. The final volume's collector's edition also ...
... measuring tissue blood volume and perfusion; and detection of endovascular leaks (such as following stent-graft repair of an ... Blood pool agents (BPAs) are a class of magnetic resonance angiography contrast agents. Blood pool agents (also known as ... Blood Pool Agents Geraldes CF, Laurent S, Classification and basic properties of contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging ... Due to their extended time in the circulatory system, blood pool agents can be used for delayed steady-state imaging, and ...
"Blood on the Tracks, volume 9". Penguin Random House. Archived from the original on July 9, 2021. Retrieved July 4, 2021. 【1月 ... "Blood on the Tracks, volume 10". Penguin Random House. Archived from the original on December 23, 2021. Retrieved December 23, ... "Blood on the Tracks, volume 11". Penguin Random House. Archived from the original on December 23, 2021. Retrieved December 23, ... Wolf, Ian (February 19, 2020). "Blood on the Tracks Volume 1 Review". Anime UK News. Archived from the original on March 2, ...
In the sixth volume of Blood Blockade Battle Front Back 2 Back, it was revealed that a live action stage play inspired by the ... A 24-minute original animation DVD was bundled with the fifth volume of the Blood Blockade Battlefront Back 2 Back manga which ... The first volume was released on January 4, 2010; ten volumes have been released as of April 3, 2015. Funimation licensed the ... Rose, John (September 20, 2011). "Blood Blockade Battlefront Volume #01 Manga Review". The Fandom Post. Retrieved May 3, 2015 ...
Williams, Scott (3 April 2002). "Blood Volume Determination". auntminnie.com. Retrieved 15 September 2016. Lombardi, Max H ( ...
"Volumes of Blood". Owensboro Living Magazine. Retrieved December 20, 2016. Baldwin, Daniel. "Nightmares Film Festival Debuts ' ... Allan Bryce, Amicus: The Studio That Dripped Blood, Stray Cat Publishing, 2000 p 126-137 Ed. Allan Bryce, Amicus: The Studio ... Allan Bryce, Amicus: The Studio That Dripped Blood, Stray Cat Publishing, 2000 p 93 Milne, Tom. Willemin, Paul. Hardy, Phil. ( ... That Dripped Blood, Stray Cat Publishing, 2000 p 50-55 Donald Guarisco. "Torture Garden (1967)". Allmovie. Retrieved 6 July ...
... Volume 1". blumanga.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2011. Retrieved April 10, 2015. "Blood Honey ( ... Blood Honey is a Japanese manga written and illustrated by Sakyou Yozakura. The name Blood Honey is both Japanese and English. ... "Blood Honey Manga Review - BLU Manga / TokyoPop - Blood Honey Vol. 1 by Sakyou Yozakura". Manga.about.com. July 16, 2013. ... "Two Trends Are Better Than One: Vampire Yaoi - Blood Honey and How to Seduce a Vampire » Manga Worth Reading". ...
Red blood cells are the most abundant cell in the blood, accounting for about 40-45% of its volume. Red blood cells are ... of the blood tissue by volume, with the remaining 55% of the volume composed of plasma, the liquid component of blood. Red ... WBCs constitute approximately 1% of the blood volume. White blood cells are divided into granulocytes and agranulocytes, ... Major types of blood cells include red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes ...
and dehydration (blood volume). Individual susceptibility to decompression sickness has components which can be attributed to a ... The critical-volume criterion assumes that whenever the total volume of gas phase accumulated in the tissues exceeds a critical ... or may block a blood vessel, cutting off blood flow and causing hypoxia in the tissues normally perfused by the vessel. If a ... Blood flow to the muscles is also lower in cold water, but exercise keeps the muscle warm and flow elevated even when the skin ...
Hagen, Piet (1993). Blood Transfusion in Europe: A "white Paper", Volume 68. p. 26. ISBN 9287123764. "Aids scandals around the ... Contaminated haemophilia blood products, which discusses the scandal on a more-global scale Contaminated blood scandal in the ... and became known as the symbol of Blood Scandal among the French. After the blood scandal, neither scientists, nor governors ... "Blood scandal ministers walk free". BBC News. March 9, 1999. Retrieved 2007-02-18. Atiyah, Michael (1999). "Science for Evil: ...
2012). Trunk, Volume Two: Blood. Boccalatte Publishing. OCLC 841848868. "Article Citations: Stelarc and Orlan in the Middle ... "Volume 7, Number 2". Critical Studies in Fashion & Beauty. Ingenta. 1 December 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2019. Jones, Meredith ( ... Books on Hair (reviewed in Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture) and Blood have been published by this imprint ... 2009). Trunk, Volume One: Hair. Boccalatte Publishing. ISBN 9780980631203. OCLC 669958039. Reinach, Simona Segre (2012). "Trunk ...
Hamman, Cody (May 2, 2015). "Volumes of Blood (Movie Review)". JoBlo.com. Retrieved December 20, 2016. LeVoit, Violet. "We Are ...
"Blood Lad - Collector's Edition (15) Blu-Ray". Anime Limited. Retrieved December 5, 2014. "Blood Lad Blu-ray & DVD Volume 2" ( ... "Blood Lad Blu-ray & DVD Volume 1" (in Japanese). Brain's Base. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved ... "Blood Lad Blu-ray & DVD Volume 5" (in Japanese). Brain's Base. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved ... "Blood Lad Blu-ray & DVD Volume 3" (in Japanese). Brain's Base. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved ...
"Blood + Volume 1: First Kiss (Novel)". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved April 4, 2008. "Blood+ Game, Comics, & Novel Information" ( ... BLOOD+講座 第9回 藤咲淳一(『BLOOD+』監督)×須田剛一氏(『BLOOD+ One Night Kiss』ディレクター)対談. Aniplex (in Japanese). 2006. Archived from the original ... The tankōbon volumes of all three series were published by Kadokawa Shoten. Blood+, by Asuka Katsura, is a five-volume series ... The remaining volumes released every four months until the final volume was released on May 1, 2007. The second adaptation ...
"Blood + Volume 1: First Kiss (Novel)". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved 2008-04-04. "Blood+ Game, Comics & Novels Information" (in ... The remaining volumes released every four months until the final volume was released on May 1, 2007. The second adaptation, ... The first volume was released in Japan on May 1, 2006 by Kadokawa Shoten under their male-oriented Sneaker Bunko label. ... It was released at the same time as Blood+, with the first volume released on May 1, 2006 and the second on September 1, 2006. ...
"Strike the Blood III OVA's 1st Volume Previewed in TV Ad". AnimeNewsNetwork. Retrieved 5 May 2019. (Articles with short ... Strike the Blood is an anime series adapted from the light novel series of the same title written by Gakuto Mikumo with ... The opening theme song is "Blood and Emotions" by Kishida Kyōdan & The Akeboshi Rockets and the ending theme song is "Love ... description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Strike the Blood episode ...
... fractionation Chromatography in blood processing Diag Human Hypoxia preconditioned plasma Intravascular volume ... Blood plasma and blood serum are often used in blood tests. Some tests can be done only on plasma and some only on serum. Some ... Blood plasma is a light amber-colored liquid component of blood in which blood cells are absent, but contains proteins and ... Blood plasma is separated from the blood by spinning a vessel of fresh blood containing an anticoagulant in a centrifuge until ...
"Traditional and emerging technologies for washing and volume reducing blood products". Journal of Blood Medicine. 10: 37-46. ... Washed red blood cells are red blood cells which have had most of the plasma, platelets and white blood cells removed and ... Once red blood cells have been washed they can only be kept for up to a day. Albiston B (October 2011). "Guideline for Washed ... The allergen is usually a protein in the plasma that is removed by the process of washing the red blood cells. Various proteins ...
"Ch." and "Vol." is shortened form for chapter and volume of the collected Blood Lad manga. Volume numbering follows the ... Komatsu, Mikikazu (January 12, 2017). "NAZ Produces Anime PV for "Blood Lad" Manga Final 17th Volume". Crunchyroll. Retrieved ... The Blood Lad dark comedy anime adapts Yūki Kodama's manga "《血意少年》-《BLOOD LAD》". Retrieved October 28, 2019. "Vampire Comedy ... One of his abilities is to manipulate blood.Ch. 27 Liz T. Blood (ブラッド・T・リズ, Buraddo Tī Rizu) Voiced by: Yūka Nanri (Japanese); ...
"Strike the Blood III OVA's 1st Volume Previewed in TV Ad". AnimeNewsNetwork. Retrieved 5 May 2019. "Strike the Blood Anime ... "Strike the Blood Final Anime's 2nd Volume Release Delayed to July 29". Anime News Network. June 11, 2022. Retrieved June 11, ... After the conclusion of Strike the Blood IV, a fifth and final OVA series titled Strike the Blood Final was released from March ... A second 4 volume, 8 episode OVA series based on the 9th light novel, co-produced by Silver Link and Connect and with returning ...
"Blood Will Tell". The Cattleman, Volume 41. 1954. Retrieved 17 June 2020. "Texas Parks and Wildlife Department". Retrieved 2 ... 1, Volume 59 ed.). New York Public Library: W.A. Smith. p. 678. Retrieved 19 April 2020. The Lumber Trade Journal (Volume 70 No ... As of 2020, vacant Leesville land not yet developed, sold at $4,649 per acre; based on recent volume-land sales data of more ... Valuation reports, Volume 36. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1932. San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 194 ...
Smith, Jerry (December 13, 2016). ""VOLUMES OF BLOOD: HORROR STORIES" (Film Review)". Fangoria. Retrieved December 21, 2016. " ... "Blood of the Tribades (2016)". AllMovie. Retrieved March 13, 2017. Demers, Erin. "The Boy (2016)". AllMovie. Retrieved February ...
1st edition in 4 volumes: H. F. Witherby, London. Reprint: 1990, Dover Publications.(4 volumes bound as 2). ISBN 0-486-26579-X ... Subfamily Phasianinae Tribe Ithaginini Blood pheasant (genus Ithaginis) Blood pheasant (I. cruentus) Tribe Pucrasiini Koklass ( ... Single volume edition: New York Zoological Society, 1936.) Green-Armytage, Stephen. 2002. Extraordinary Pheasants.Harry N. ...
He then sets out to find his team: Rod is spying on gymnastics performers, Mephisto is guarding a blood bank (but some vampires ... This episode has not aired on TV and is featured on the Series One volume Two DVD. Steve returns to Earth (chronologically ...
It is also the subject of a poem by the Nobel Prize winner Seamus Heaney, "Chekhov on Sakhalin" (collected in the volume ... In 1884 and 1885, Chekhov found himself coughing blood, and in 1886 the attacks worsened, but he would not admit his ...
Hodgkins, Crystalyn (November 24, 2019). "Beast Children, Tokyo Shinobi Squad Manga Each to End in 3rd Volume (Updated)". Anime ... Hodgkins, Crystalyn (January 24, 2021). "Kazu Kakazu's Our Blood Oath Manga Ends in Shonen Jump". Anime News Network. Retrieved ...
Lodge had five brothers and two sisters of the whole blood: William Lodge, eldest son and heir, aged 30 on 8 July 1584, who on ... Already in 1589 Lodge had given to the world a volume of poems bearing the title of the chief among them, Scillaes ... a volume of sonnets, in which the voice of nature seems only now and then to become audible, published with the narrative poem ...
ファイナルファンタジー零式Change the World 2巻 ~最後から二番目の真実~ [Final Fantasy Type-0 Change the World Volume 2 ~ The penultimate truth ~] (in ... Distraught at being abandoned, Etro kills herself, and humans are born from her blood. Once in the Unseen Realm, Etro finds ... It began publication in the November 2011 of Young Gangan and was collected into a single volume and released in April 2012. ...
Choose your favourite Blood Type boy! (Kurosaki Miyabi) as AB Type Koisuru Lesson Series "Ayumu Kunishiro no Happy Lesson" ( ... " & "ラブ☆レボリュ" 鼓動*アンビシャス "鼓動*アンビシャス" 星と月のセンテンス "夢見るPOWER" B-Project: 鼓動*アンビシャス Volume 3 "magic JOKER" 無敵*デンジャラス "無敵*デンジャラス" & "永 ... Blood Drive Danganronpa V3: Killing Harmony (K1-B0) Disgaea 5: Alliance of Vengeance (Zeroken) Dynasty Warriors Series (Zhu Ran ... Sengoku Night Blood (Kanetsugu Naoe) Kakuriyo: Bed and Breakfast for Spirits (Hideyoshi) 2018 Doraemon (Hodoho) 100 Sleeping ...
2005, Tales of The Closet: ONE TWO THREE, The Collected Tales Volume 1 (stand-alone, By Ivan Velez Jr. 2007, Dead High Yearbook ... Blood Syndicate, Static, My Name Is Holocaust (ongoing monthlies) by Ivan Velez 1996 to 1998: Marvel Comics: Ghost Rider, Venom ... and multicultural Latino characters in Milestone Media's series Blood Syndicate. Notably, Velez's characters portrayed more ...
It is believed to nourish the heart yin, augment the liver blood, and calm the spirit (TCM medical terms). It is used to treat ... CS1: long volume value, CS1 Portuguese-language sources (pt), CS1 errors: generic name, All articles with dead external links, ...
Gristwood, Sarah (2013). Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses. New York: Basic Books. p. 32. Bevan, Richard. " ... Brown, Rawdon (1519). Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice Volume 2. London: Her ... Gristwood, Sarah (2013). Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses. New York: Basic Books. p. 316. Rosemary O'Day ( ... Gristwood, Sarah (2013). Blood Sisters: The Women Behind the Wars of the Roses. New York: Basic Books. p. 27. Gristwood, Sarah ...
Blood from Stars (Anti, 2009) Reverie (Anti, 2011) With Naif Herin Faites du bruit (2010) With Yuka Honda Eucademix (Tzadik, ... Book of Angels Volume 14 (Tzadik, 2010) with The Dreamers Enigmata (2011) with Trevor Dunn A Dreamers Christmas (Tzadik, 2011) ... with Electric Masada 50th Birthday Celebration Volume 11 (Tzadik, 2005) with Bar Kokhba Sextet Masada Rock (Tzadik, 2005) with ... Tim Sparks and Bill Frisell 50th Birthday Celebration Volume 4 (Tzadik, 2004) ...
It seems she has inherited yakuza blood; she can be very scary when she is mad. Her favorite food is hamburger with egg in it. ... It is finished with 10 volumes in Japan and is serialized in Hana to Yume. In December 2007 Viz began releasing the series ...
The Life of Benjamin Franklin, scholarly biography, 3 volumes appeared before the author's death in 2008 Volume 1: Journalist, ... City of Blood, Cities of the Underworld - History Channel 2 (H2), 2008 Ashe, Geoffrey. The Hell-Fire Clubs: A History of Anti- ... 1987 one-volume, 2005 two-volume) ISBN 978-1-883011-53-6 Franklin, B.; Majault, M.J.; Le Roy, J.B.; Sallin, C.L.; Bailly, J.-S ... ISBN 978-1-137-45242-9. The question at the heart of this volume is the reliability, indeed, the fundamental honesty, of Donald ...
In 2003, Laika released a collection of singles, B-sides, and rarities entitled Lost in Space: Volume 1 (1993-2002). Up until ... "blend of machine-music and flesh-and-blood funk... combining the 'magical', superhuman effects of sampling with the 'warmth' ... Volume 1 (1993-2002) (2003, Too Pure) Singles and EPs Antenna EP (1994, Too Pure) Almost Sleeping EP (1997, Too Pure) Breather ... from Volume 12, 1995) "German Shepherds" (from Whore: Various Artists Play Wire, 1996) "Looking for the Jackalope (236 Remix ...
Doppler sonography can be used to evaluate the pulsations in the fetal heart and bloods vessels for signs of abnormalities. ... volume evaluation, fetal lung maturity, and general fetus well being. Second-trimester ultrasound screening for aneuploidies is ... including site of umbilical cord insertion when possible Amnionic fluid volume Gestational age assessment Fetal weight ...
Tan M, Hegde RS, Jiang X (2004). "The P Domain of Norovirus Capsid Protein Forms Dimer and Binds to Histo-Blood Group Antigen ... long volume value, Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' ... Reports have shown a link between the expression of human histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) and the susceptibility to ... Shirato H (2011). "Norovirus and histo-blood group antigens". Jpn. J. Infect. Dis. 64 (2): 95-103. doi:10.7883/yoken.64.95. ...
A five volume manga by Mine Yoshizaki based on the series was serialized in Kadokawa Shoten's Monthly Shonen Ace magazine from ... He has the same catch phrase that his father uses ("I'm feeling incredibly hot blooded!!! RIGHT NOW!!!) and sometimes states a ...
А blood test given by Dzhambazki later verified that he had consumed alcohol, but showed a lowered BAC figure to under 1,2 per ... The breathalyzer test administered to him initially showed a result of a BAC by volume of 1,5 per mille, punishable under ... The allegation was that Dzhambazki did not give a blood test to the hospital which he was ordered to visit, but instead to the ...
Other historians have also hypothesized that Swietopelk and Swietibor were related, by blood or by marriage, to the Polish ... Volume 1, Parts 1-2 (Dictionary of ancient Slavdom), Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, 1991. Gdańskie Towarzystwo Naukowe, p. ... Volume 43, Gdańskie Towarzystwo Naukowe, 1983. Władysław Kowalenko, Słownik starożytności słowiańskich: encyklopedyczny zarys ...
When "sent back" the demons produce no blood or gore, and for this reason it has been described as a non-violent game. The ... Greenfield, Patricia Marks and Cocking, Rodney R. Interacting with video: Volume 11 of Advances in applied developmental ... Blood II: The Chosen (1998), Grand Theft Auto 2 (1999), and Requiem: Avenging Angel (1999) among others. In April 1999, the ... Blood (1997), Grand Theft Auto (1997), Carmageddon (1997), Postal (1997), Mortal Kombat 3 (1997), Carmageddon II: Carpocalypse ...
Demoor repeatedly yelled to lower the volume. One of the youths apologised. After another yell from Demoor, one of the youths ... An autopsy on Demoor's body showed that he died because of a subarachnoid hemorrhage, possibly caused by high blood pressure or ...
"Stage blood: vampires of the 19th-century stage", p. 331, Popular Press, 1994 ISBN 0-87972-660-1 The Daily News, 27 December ... 1887, p. 2 The Era 21 April 1888, p. 8 The Era, 2 June 1888, p. 8 The Era, 7 July 1888, p. 8 Dramatic notes, Volumes 12-13, pp ...
Furthermore, the antitumor pharmacokinetics of marcellomycin in the human blood has been evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. ... Richard Alan Strehlow Standardization of technical terminology: principles and practices (second volume), Issue 991, ASTM ...
Charles, being too young to rule, required a regent, a position Antoine was entitled to as first prince of the blood. Catherine ... long volume value, Commons category link is on Wikidata, Articles with ISNI identifiers, Articles with VIAF identifiers, ... Despite being first prince of the blood he was dominated by king Henri's favourites the Montmorency and Guise in terms of ... Duke of Montpensier separating the princes of blood from each other. On 31 August the Guise warned Navarre they had 40,000 ...
The official cause of death stated on his death certificate was coronary thrombosis (a blood clot in the heart); evidence of ... He could thus compete with any guitarist's volume. However, unlike other contemporary blues harp players, such as Sonny Boy ... who had also begun using the newly available amplifier technology around the same time solely for added volume, Little Walter ...
Some Metal music of this generation may be featured occasionally on Brader Bo's show, Vicious Volume of RIA 89.7fm. Two ... Musical outsiders Engineered Beautiful Blood (Shark Fung and Wei Nan) blazed a hot trail of no wave improvised rock, then ... World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia, Volume 9. Cavendish Square Publishing. 2007. p. 1281. ISBN 978-0761476429. ... 2013). The Oxford Handbook of Children's Musical Cultures, Volume 2. Oxford University Press. p. 344. ISBN 978-0199737635. ...
Make them be for us the body and blood of Christ, that we may be for the world the body of Christ, redeemed by his blood. ... The Cambridge Medieval History Series, Volumes 1-5. Plantagenet Publishing. p. 130. Severus of Antioch, in the sixth century, ... We likewise reject that doctrine which affirms the physical presence of Christ's body and blood to be by, with and under the ... Many testified that they had 'redemption in the blood of Jesus, even the forgiveness of sins.' And many were enabled to declare ...
He decided to follow the Scottish cause, being quoted as saying, "No man holds his flesh and blood in hatred, and I am no ... 20, 26.[ISBN missing] "Republic of Letters", Volume 4, p. 10. (Pages with missing ISBNs, Articles with short description, Short ...
In a role that rivals even Zenke in terms of how far his thirst for blood goes, balancing the human with the "hunger" was an ... Turn up that volume! 🔊 First up, the immensely talented Sean Chiplock (@sonicmega) is the voice behind the Demon King himself ...
23 volumes. First publication: 1890. Accessed 24 April 2019. Auld, Graeme (2003). "1 & 2 Samuel". In James D. G. Dunn and John ... the blood of the house of Saul' on David (verse 8). There are some possibilities of David's alleged crime: the execution of ...
Blood Volumes, Volume, Blood, Volumes, Blood, Blood Volume, blood volume, blood volumes, Volume blood, Blood volume, Blood ... volume, NOS, Blood volume (function), Blood volume (observable entity), Blood volume, function (observable entity). ... Ontology: Blood Volume. (C0005850) Definition (MSH) Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ... volume of circulating blood, the sum of the plasma volume and erythrocyte volume. ...
"Increase Your Blood Volume, Get Faster"}}> Increase Your Blood Volume, Get Faster Check out David Roches author page. ... blood volume. <. >", "path": "https://www.trailrunnermag.com/training/trail-tips-training/heat-training-for-running-high/", " ... www.trailrunnermag.com/training/trail-tips-training/increase-your-blood-volume-get-faster/", "listing_type": "archive", " ... www.trailrunnermag.com/training/trail-tips-training/increase-your-blood-volume-get-faster/", "listing_type": "archive", " ...
Blood Lad Volume 1 What could have been an amusing comedy commentary on fandom becomes just another shonen manga by Yuuki ... The Blood Lad of the title is a teenage-looking vampire who runs a domain in the demon world, but hes really fascinated with ...
Large-caliber peripheral intravenous access is the preferred route of infusion when large volumes of crystalloid fluid and ... When large volumes of crystalloid fluid and blood are needed quickly, large-caliber, shorter catheters allow the highest flow ... When sitting, her blood pressure and pulse rate are 70/35 mm Hg and 128/min. Respiration rate is 14/min; BMI is 26. Mild ... Temperature is 36.5 °C (97.7 °F). Blood pressure and pulse rate in the supine position are 90/60 mm Hg and 105/min. ...
Home , Interviews , Interview: Moses Moseley (Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories). Interview: Moses Moseley (Volumes of Blood: ... I was on that set a little bit longer then what I was for "Volumes of Blood" and I was wearing a lot more prosthetics and ... I do think there is a strong possibility that there will be a sequel to "Volumes of Blood" and Im hoping I get to come back ... I actually saw him again at a different convention and that is when he told me about the project "Volumes of Blood" and he ...
BLOOD RED ROSES (Peter Goalby) *VOICE ON MY TV (Mick Box/Phil Lanzon) *CRY FREEDOM (Mick Box/Phil Lanzon) *WHEN THE WAR IS OVER ... BLOOD ON STONE (Trevor Bolder) *DIFFERENT WORLD (Mick Box/Phil Lanzon) *ALL GODS CHIDLREN (Mick Box/Phil Lanzon) *WHICH WALL ...
Pricing is shown for items sent to or within the U.S., excluding shipping and tax. Please consult the store to determine exact fees. No warranties are made express or implied about the accuracy, timeliness, merit, or value of the information provided. Information subject to change without notice. isbn.nu is not a bookseller, just an information source.. ...
Volume 18, Number 6-June 2012 Research. Human Gyrovirus DNA in Human Blood, Italy On This Page ... Human Gyrovirus DNA in Human Blood, Italy. Volume 18, Number 6-June 2012 ... We used qualitative PCRs to detect HGyV in blood samples of 301 persons from Italy. HGyV genome was detected in 3 of 100 solid ... No samples from 50 healthy blood donors studied yielded positive results for HGyV (Table 1). Of 4 samples in which HGyV DNA was ...
Millar Ultra-Miniature Single Segment Pressure Volume Loop Catheters for Mouse and Rat ...
Volume 13, Number 7-July 2007 Dispatch. Blood Screening for Influenza On This Page ... Blood Screening for Influenza. Volume 13, Number 7-July 2007. Article Views: 246. Data is collected weekly and does not include ... To increase blood safety, we introduced minipool NAT screening in our blood donor service in 1997 for hepatitis B virus (HBV), ... To ensure the safety of blood products, this screening technique could be introduced into the blood-screening procedure without ...
Volume 16, Number 1-January 2010 Letter. Parvovirus 4 in Blood Donors, France On This Page ... Parvovirus 4 in Blood Donors, France. Volume 16, Number 1-January 2010 ... such as blood donors (1.0%-3.95%), and in blood products negative for parvovirus B19 DNA (4-6). Virus DNA also was found in ... Vallerini D, Barozzi P, Quadrelli C, Bosco R, Potenza L, Riva G, Parvoviruses in blood donors and transplant patients, Italy. ...
60161-7Phenacemide [Mass/volume] in BloodActive. Part Description. LP15178-4 Phenacemide. Phenacemide is an anticonvulsant of ... Phenacemide, Blood. Basic Attributes. Class. DRUG/TOX. Type. Laboratory. First Released. Version 2.34. Last Updated. Version ... massa/volume:. moment:. bloed:. kwantitatief:. et-EEEstonian (Estonia). Fenasemiid:. MCnc:. Pt:. B:. Qn:. fr-BEFrench (Belgium) ... Masse/Volume:. Ponctuel:. Sang:. Numérique:. it-ITItalian (Italy). Fenacemide:. MCnc:. Pt:. Sangue:. Qn:. pt-BRPortuguese ( ...
The final volume in Robin Hobbs popular Rain Wilds fantasy series, Blood of Dragons completes the story of the dragons, their ... Blood of Dragons: Volume Four of the Rain Wilds Chronicles. Share On ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the standard Myocardial Blood Volume Measurement (MBV) by Real-Time Myocardial ... Myocardial Blood Volume Measurement by Real-Time Myocardial Perfusion Echocardiography Correlates to Myocardial Compressibility ... Perfusion Echocardiography (RTMPE) and compare this to the myocardial volume ratio by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR). ...
p,This database from LeadingMarketResearch.com provides the 2021 supplier shares, the 2021-2026 volume and sales forecasts for ... Test Volume and Reagent Sales. Forecast by Test Category. All Market Segments Blood Typing. And Grouping Test Volume Forecast. ... Test Volume and Reagent Sales. Forecast by Test Category. All Market Segments Blood Typing. And Grouping Test Volume Forecast. ... Marketing Blood Bank Analyzers. Report Title: 2022 Finland Molecular Blood Typing, Grouping and Infectious Disease NAT ...
Results-Mean Hct for all sharks was significantly less (8% less) in blood samples obtained from the cranial dorsal fin sinus, ... Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Hct values were significantly lower in blood samples collected from the cranial dorsal fin ... Procedures-Blood samples were collected from the caudal tail artery followed by collection from the sinus located immediately ... Brill RW, Cousings KL & Jones DR, et al. Blood volume, plasma volume and circulation in a high-energy demand teleost, the ...
Relative blood volume (RBV) characteristics were investigated using short UF pulses (perturbation analysis), at different ... The pathophysiology of fluid removal during haemodialysis : implications for blood volume monitoring and determination of dry ... Measurement timing, white-coat effect, UF prescription and volume status influenced blood pressure (BP) readings, particularly ... Extracellular volume measurements (ECF) using Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) were reproducible, accurate, and confirmed the ...
Coffee and blood pressure: exciting news, Blood Pressure Volume 31. . Coffee and blood pressure: exciting news. C Borghi ... Coffee and blood pressure: exciting news. C Borghi, 2022. Coffee and blood pressure: exciting news, Blood Pressure Volume 31. ... While acute coffee administration in non-habitual users may induce a blood pressure rise, habitual coffee consumption in medium ... Recent evidence has been published excluding a significant effect of coffee consumption on hypertension development and blood ...
... the total blood volume (TBV), red blood cell volume (RBCV), plasma volume (PV), and the albumin transudation rate (ATR) can be ... Feldschuh J, Enson Y. Prediction of the normal blood volume. Relation of blood volume to body habitus. Circulation. 1977;56(4 ... Blood volume and albumin transudation in critically ill COVID-19 patients. *Jan Bakker. ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0003-2236-73911,2 ... Table 1 Characteristics of individual patients at day of blood volume measurement. Full size table. ...
Volumes of Blood : Horror Stories out August 1 from Dark Cuts.. DVD SPECIAL FEATURES:. - Cast & Crew Commentary Track. - The ... From hot genre label Dark Cuts comes a stirring volume of bloodcurdling horror from Blood Moon Pictures. In the tradition of ... comes Volumes of Blood : Horror Stories - a collection of bleedingly original horror from some of todays most gifted genre ... Volumes of Blood : Horror Stories features 7 original stories craftily assembled by producing team P.J. Starks, Eric Huskisson ...
... and to keep us all happy they have dropped a 4 song Lazer Strikes Back Volume 2 EP, following up Volume 1. ... Major Lazer - Lazer Strikes Back Volume 2 : 4 Song Free EP Featuring Flosstradamus, Baauer, Blood Diamonds. nick ,. Mar 13, ... Major Lazer - Lazer Strikes Back Volume 2 , Direct Download. Major Lazer - Get Free feat. Amber of Dirty Projectors (Blood ... and to keep us all happy they have dropped a 4 song Lazer Strikes Back Volume 2 EP, following up Volume 1. The EP starts out ...
While animal blood sport is a form of human driven sport related violence that involves the abuse and suffering of other ... Blood sport-the practice of pitting animals against each other (or against humans) in bloody combat to the death-is a tragic ... Blood sport-the practice of pitting animals against each other (or against humans) in bloody combat to the death-is a tragic ... While animal blood sport is a form of human driven sport related violence that involves the abuse and suffering of other ...
... appropriate storage of blood and blood products, infection control practices for staff safety within blood banks, and blood ... Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal , All issues , Volume 25, 2019 , Volume 25, issue 5 , Infection control practices in blood ... Selection of blood banks. A list of blood banks registered with the Sindh Blood Transfusion Authority (SBTA) was obtained from ... Blood screening tests were performed in 38 (71.7%) blood banks; those blood banks that were not screening reported themselves ...
Is there any confirmation that low blood volume is the cause of POTS? Or could it be that there is another explanation like ... Low blood volume can make POTS worse, but it is not the cause of POTS.. The cause of POTS is dysautonomia.. The articles that @ ... Low Blood Volume, and Baroreflexes. https://forums.phoenixrising.me/thr...sels-low-blood-volume-and-baroreflexes.86445/ ... Is there any confirmation that low blood volume is the cause of POTS?. Or could it be that there is another explanation like ...
Relationship between regional cerebral blood volume and oxygenation and blood pressure during spinal anesthesia in women ...
BOUILLOT, Pierre et al. 3D phase contrast MRI: Partial volume correction for robust blood flow quantification in small ... 3D phase contrast MRI: Partial volume correction for robust blood flow quantification in small intracranial vessels. ... 3D phase contrast MRI: Partial volume correction for robust blood flow quantification in small... ... However, the small size of these vessels vs spatial resolution can lead to non-negligible partial volume artifacts, which must ...
7] the parenchyma blood flow distribution of thyroid was staged: 1) Grade 0, normal thyroid blood flow, no obvious blood flow ... Hashimotos thyroiditis shows characteristics of increased thyroid volume, decreased echo and increased blood flow signals ... In control group, there were 39 (78%) cases with normal size, 6 (12%) cases with volume increase, 5 (10%) cases with volume ... patchy blood flow signals could be observed in the thyroid parenchyma, color Doppler mixture, the occupied area of color blood ...
Donahue MJ, Van Laar PJ, Van Zijl PCM, Stevens RD, Hendrikse J. Vascular space occupancy(VASO) cerebral blood volume-weighted ... Dive into the research topics of Vascular space occupancy(VASO) cerebral blood volume-weighted MRI identifies hemodynamic ... Vascular space occupancy(VASO) cerebral blood volume-weighted MRI identifies hemodynamic impairment in patients with carotid ... Vascular space occupancy(VASO) cerebral blood volume-weighted MRI identifies hemodynamic impairment in patients with carotid ...
RESULTS: The inflow effects from flowing blood in arteries and draining vein effects from flowing blood in large veins can be ... we propose quantification of cerebral blood volume (CBV) changes following functional stimulation. METHODS: Eighteen volunteers ... pulses in conjunction with blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) of functional MRI (fMRI) at 3 T. Based on the effects of ... We investigate the influence of moving blood-attenuation effects when using delay alternating with nutation for tailored ...
Blood Relatives, Volume I by Ellen Schreiber 0061340812 9780061340819 - A gently used book at a great low price. Free shipping ...
  • However, the small size of these vessels vs spatial resolution can lead to non-negligible partial volume artifacts, which must be taken into account when computing blood flow rates. (unige.ch)
  • Because the heart has to work harder to pump blood, medications that will enlarge the blood vessels may be prescribed. (vetinfo.com)
  • Diabetes leads to blood vessels disorder which can be either large-macro vascular disease or small disease-microangiopathy. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • Of course, it is pumped to be done our blood vessels, which can lead to the blood vessels to the heart to volume. (atime.org)
  • kombucha and high cholesterol, which causes the heart to fluid in the body from your blood vessels. (atime.org)
  • Pressure of blood against the walls of blood vessels. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Angiogenesis is the development of new blood vessels in areas of novel tissue growth. (jnccn.org)
  • Over the Halloween weekend the new Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories premiered for the very first time at the Owensboro Convention Center in Kentucky. (morbidlybeautiful.com)
  • Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories is also an anthology, this time with 7 stories of horror that revolve around a haunted or possible cursed house, in the same neighborhood as the first film. (morbidlybeautiful.com)
  • Blood Moon Pictures presents the Owensboro Premiere of the locally produced Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories , the sequel to the award winning and critically acclaimed horror anthology Volumes of Blood. (owensborocenter.com)
  • Sindh blood transfusion authority (SBTA) should take measures to increase IC compliance within blood banks. (who.int)
  • In addition to preventing the transfusion of transmitted infections (transmission of infection to blood recipients), blood banks must also adhere to other infection control (IC) standards in order to prevent the spread of blood-borne infections. (who.int)
  • The risk factors identified as contributing to this endemicity were predominantly re-use of syringes and history of blood transfusion (3). (who.int)
  • Ten to 15% of DHF patients need blood transfusion. (who.int)
  • Blood transfusion-associated infections are rarer now than in the past due to improved blood donor screening. (hrsa.gov)
  • Outcomes ofinterest were 30-day mortality, blood transfusion volume, and length of stay. (bvsalud.org)
  • Blood transfusion treatment of anaemia. (bvsalud.org)
  • This volume percentage hematocrit is measured by centrifuge or flow cytometry and is 45% of cells to total volume in males and 40% in females. (wn.com)
  • Perfusion in 11 species of hominin ancestors, from Australopithecus to archaic Homo sapiens, increases disproportionately when scaled against brain volume (the allometric exponent is 1.41). (anthropogeny.org)
  • However, as liver disease continues to advance, splanchnic blood flow increases, and systemic perfusion reduces further. (medscape.com)
  • Your semen volume increases with this supplement and you can attain stronger and harder erections at the same time too. (peninsuladailynews.com)
  • During pregnancy, blood volume increases by up to 50% to meet the needs of the baby! (natural-fertility-info.com)
  • The prevalence of high blood pressure increases with age. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • Having diabetes increases your risk of developing high blood pressure and other cardiovascular problems, because diabetes adversely affects the arteries, leads to atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). (theresearchpedia.com)
  • Blood volume increases by 50%, resulting in an increase in cardiac output by 30%-50% and increased work of the heart. (cdc.gov)
  • As the percentage of blood volume loss increases, pertinent clinical signs, symptoms, and findings become more apparent. (medscape.com)
  • RESULTS: The inflow effects from flowing blood in arteries and draining vein effects from flowing blood in large veins can be suppressed by use of a DANTE preparation module. (ox.ac.uk)
  • blood boost formula to lower blood pressure switch to your arteries, such as heart failure, and stroke. (atime.org)
  • Hypertension is said to be present when systolic blood pressure (SBP) is greater than 140 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is greater than 90 mm Hg. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • When large volumes of crystalloid fluid and blood are needed quickly, large-caliber, shorter catheters allow the highest flow rates to be achieved. (kevinmd.com)
  • Large-caliber peripheral intravenous access is the preferred route of infusion when large volumes of crystalloid fluid and blood are needed quickly. (kevinmd.com)
  • Crystalloid solutions in volumes several times greater than that of Albumin (Human) 5% may be effective in treating shock in younger individuals who have no pre-existing illness at the time of the incident. (rxmed.com)
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass: With the relatively small priming volume required with modern pumps, preoperative dilution of the blood using albumin and crystalloid has been shown to be safe and well-tolerated. (rxmed.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the standard Myocardial Blood Volume Measurement (MBV) by Real-Time Myocardial Perfusion Echocardiography (RTMPE) and compare this to the myocardial volume ratio by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR). (mayo.edu)
  • Measurement timing, white-coat effect, UF prescription and volume status influenced blood pressure (BP) readings, particularly predialysis and immediate post- dialysis measurements. (bl.uk)
  • Close measurement of vital signs, including continuous pulse and blood pressure monitoring, is important and may alert clinicians to important changes in the patient's clinical stability. (medscape.com)
  • Learn more about Blood Stain (2016), Volume 1 in the District of Columbia Public Library digital collection. (amebaownd.com)
  • PURPOSE: We investigate the influence of moving blood-attenuation effects when using "delay alternating with nutation for tailored excitation" (DANTE) pulses in conjunction with blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) of functional MRI (fMRI) at 3 T. Based on the effects of including DANTE pulses, we propose quantification of cerebral blood volume (CBV) changes following functional stimulation. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Cerebral blood flow, blood volume, and oxygen metabolism dynamics in human visual and motor cortex as measured by whole-brain multi-modal magnetic resonance imaging. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Cerebral blood flow (CBF), CBV, and cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (CMRO2) were measured before and 1 hour after administration of 1.0 g/kg 20% mannitol. (wustl.edu)
  • Iron-Deficient Anemia occurs when you don't have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen through the body. (natural-fertility-info.com)
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  • Haemoglobin (the main component of red blood cells) is an iron -containing protein that facilitates transportation of oxygen from the lungs to tissues and carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs. (wn.com)
  • Red blood cells primarily carry oxygen and collect carbon dioxide through the use of haemoglobin , and have a lifetime of about 120 days. (wn.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that mannitol acts by lowering blood viscosity leading to reflex vasoconstriction and a fall in cerebral blood volume (CBV). (wustl.edu)
  • decreased renal blood flow caused by severe renal arterial and arteriolar vasoconstriction plays a major role. (medscape.com)
  • A more direct measure of cognition would be cerebral metabolic rate, which is proportional to cerebral blood flow rate (perfusion). (anthropogeny.org)
  • Here, in an analysis of eleven international cohorts, totalling 3337 individuals, we report epigenome -wide meta-analyses of blood DNA methylation with volumes of the hippocampus , thalamus and nucleus accumbens (NAcc)-three subcortical regions selected for their associations with disease and heritability and volumetric variability. (bvsalud.org)
  • Dilation of the splanchnic vascular bed from locally produced nitric oxide, carbon monoxide, prostacyclin, and other vasodilatory substances decreases renal perfusion pressure (mean arterial pressure - renal vein pressure) and thus decreases renal blood flow. (medscape.com)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Blood Volume. (fpnotebook.com)
  • 3D phase contrast MRI: Partial volume correction for robust blood flow quantification in small. (unige.ch)
  • For this purpose, we combined the velocity information provided by 3D-PCMRI with vessel geometry measured with 3DTOF (time of flight MRI) or 3DRA (3D rotational angiography) to correct the partial volume effects in flow rate assessments. (unige.ch)
  • This study was to investigate the clinical value of grey-scale intensity quantitation analysis, also the 2D image and the distribution of blood flow by ultrasound in Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients. (alliedacademies.org)
  • There were significant differences of the size, internal echo, blood flow distribution, grey-scale intensity value between Hashimoto's thyroiditis group and control group. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The majority of Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients had the characteristic of increased thyroid volume, decreased echo and increased blood flow signals. (alliedacademies.org)
  • During 3 Myr of hominin evolution, cerebral tissue perfusion increased 1.7-fold, which, when multiplied by a 3.5-fold increase in brain size, indicates a 6.0-fold increase in total cerebral blood flow rate. (anthropogeny.org)
  • We present a novel two-stage, stopped-flow, continuous centrifugal sedimentation strategy to measure the size distributions of events (defined here as cells or clusters thereof) in a blood sample. (nature.com)
  • Digitalis and enzyme blockers may be prescribed to control the body's natural reactions to decreased blood flow that cause fluid buildups. (vetinfo.com)
  • For flow cytometric staining, the suggested use of this reagent is 5 µL per million cells in 100 µL staining volume or 5 µL per 100 µL of whole blood. (biolegend.com)
  • We previously demonstrated that mannitol reduces brain volume in patients with cerebral edema, although whether this occurs because of a reduction in brain water, blood volume, or both remains poorly understood. (wustl.edu)
  • DNA methylation , which is modulated by both genetic factors and environmental exposures , may offer a unique opportunity to discover novel biomarkers of disease -related brain phenotypes , even when measured in other tissues than brain , such as blood . (bvsalud.org)
  • A few studies of small sample sizes have revealed associations between blood DNA methylation and neuropsychopathology, however, large-scale epigenome -wide association studies (EWAS) are needed to investigate the utility of DNA methylation profiling as a peripheral marker for the brain . (bvsalud.org)
  • TgSOD3 mice exhibited reduced blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage and developed smaller infarct volumes 72 hours post-stroke. (rochester.edu)
  • A sudden loss of consciousness, feeling, and voluntary movement caused by a blood clot in the brain. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This is the same as a single statin, but they can be an effective way to keep your blood pressure brain. (jewishledger.com)
  • By using a radiolabeled albumin tracer, the total blood volume (TBV), red blood cell volume (RBCV), plasma volume (PV), and the albumin transudation rate (ATR) can be measured [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Albumin (human) 5% is oncotically equivalent volume for volume to normal human plasma. (rxmed.com)
  • When administered i.v. to an adequately hydrated subject, the oncotic (colloid osmotic) effect of Albumin (Human) 5% is to expand the circulating blood volume by an amount approximately equal to the volume infused. (rxmed.com)
  • Emergency Treatment of Hypovolemic Shock: Albumin (human) 5% is iso-oncotic with normal plasma and on i.v. infusion will expand the circulating blood volume by an amount approximately equal to the volume infused. (rxmed.com)
  • In such circumstances, the use of albumin infusion may be required to support the blood volume. (rxmed.com)
  • The magnitude of loss into the third space may require treatment of reduced volume or oncotic activity with an infusion of albumin. (rxmed.com)
  • Volumes of Blood doesn't just wipe the floor with those two, it wipes the floor with blood (and brains…and guts…and stuff…) and remains wickedly funny throughout. (cinemaschminema.com)
  • I got a chance to see the movie this weekend, and Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories lives up to its predecessor and brings on the blood, guts and rock n' roll even harder that the first movie. (morbidlybeautiful.com)
  • However, the effects of coffee on arterial hypertension are still objects of active discussion mainly because of the debated effects of caffeine on blood pressure and cardiovascular system. (coffeeandhealth.org)
  • In particular, the negative impact of caffeine would involve the whole cardiovascular system and could be responsible for an excess in the relative risk of new onset of hypertension and a worsening of blood pressure control. (coffeeandhealth.org)
  • Recent evidence has been published excluding a significant effect of coffee consumption on hypertension development and blood pressure control in treated and untreated hypertensive supporting a protective role for the antioxidant components of coffee that may counteract the claimed negative effect of caffeine. (coffeeandhealth.org)
  • While acute coffee administration in non-habitual users may induce a blood pressure rise, habitual coffee consumption in medium-high dosages (from 3 to 5 cups/day), has neutral or even beneficial impact on blood pressure values and the new onset of hypertension. (coffeeandhealth.org)
  • These include inter alia: (1) portal hypertension, (2) altered peripheral blood circulation, (3) activation of the sympathetic nervous system, and (4) the release of chemical mediators. (medscape.com)
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure is a most common cause of cardiovascular disease. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • When high blood pressure is due to other disease then it is known as secondary hypertension like for example it can arise form any cardiovascular diseases or due to endocrinal diseases like diabetes. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • Diabetes as well as hypertension depends on the life style of a person which shows that there's great connection between diabetes and high blood pressure. (theresearchpedia.com)
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  • the remaining 50 were healthy blood donors. (cdc.gov)
  • PARV4 has also been identified in persons without apparent pathologic changes, such as blood donors (1.0%-3.95%), and in blood products negative for parvovirus B19 DNA ( 4 - 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • To provide new insights into the dispersion of PARV4 in healthy persons, we assessed the frequency of PARV4 viremia in a cohort of blood donors by using a dual real-time assay. (cdc.gov)
  • The sex ratio (men:women: 1.03) and age distribution (19-65 years) of the cohort were considered representative of the population of blood donors at that time. (cdc.gov)
  • Overall prevalence for PARV4 DNA was 24.0% in the blood donors tested. (cdc.gov)
  • According to WHO the prevalence rates of HCV, HBV and HIV collectively range from 0.02%, 0.03%, 0.003% in high-income countries to 1.03%, 1.08% and 3.70% respectively in low-income countries among blood donors, respectively (1). (who.int)
  • These blood donors can serve as the source of infection for blood recipients, hence screening of blood for such infections and removal of infected blood from the supply is important. (who.int)
  • To determine of the fetal liver functions as a blood reservoir, we measured liver blood volume under normal conditions and after hemorrhage and volume loading. (llu.edu)
  • Groups of fetuses were studied with normal volume, after 14% hemorrhage and 12% volume loading. (llu.edu)
  • This fell to 16.9 ± 1.6% after hemorrhage, but did not change significantly from normal during volume loading. (llu.edu)
  • It releases a volume equal to about 60% of the shed blood after a moderate hemorrhage. (llu.edu)
  • Hemorrhage may be classified based on the amount of blood loss, as noted in the following table. (medscape.com)
  • Although early cardiovascular changes occur as blood loss continues, urine output, as a sign of end organ renal perfusion, is only mildly affected until class 3 hemorrhage has occurred. (medscape.com)
  • Extracellular volume measurements (ECF) using Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) were reproducible, accurate, and confirmed the tight link between nutritional and volume status. (bl.uk)
  • During the first 24 hours after sustaining thermal injury, large volumes of crystalloids are infused to restore the depleted extracellular fluid volume. (rxmed.com)
  • We have therefore initiated a multicenter prospective study to improve our understanding of blood volume and vascular leakage in critically ill COVID-19 patients (NCT04517695). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Purpose: To assess the role of vascular space occupancy(VASO) magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), a noninvasive cerebral blood volume(CBV)-weighted technique, for evaluating CBV reactivity in patients with internal carotid artery(ICA) stenosis. (elsevier.com)
  • It is not known whether the ACE present in vascular endothelium is inhibited longer than the ACE in circulating blood. (nih.gov)
  • This is very important to be a healthy way to reduce blood pressure and the veins in your body. (atime.org)
  • Following decreases in blood volume the fetal liver acts as a blood reservoir by releasing blood into the circulation. (llu.edu)
  • Atherosclerosis can cause high blood pressure, which if not treated, can lead to blood vessel damage, stroke, heart failure, heart attack, or kidney failure and also it can damage retina. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • Dr. Livingood blood pressure supplements to lower blood pressure in the United States and Bravital Instance MCQs on antihypertensive drugs with answers on the Kidney of Health and Disease. (atime.org)
  • However, those kedi drugs for high blood pressure people who have kidney disease, kidney problems have an implications. (jewishledger.com)
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  • In adults, age, the men who had a stroke and heart attack or stroke, strokes, kidney disease may not damage the kidneys progesterone pills blood pressure or stroke and cardiovascular disease. (jewishledger.com)
  • Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the kidney collecting ducts to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure. (usda.gov)
  • Dumping Recyclables After wrestling with this problem for many years, the only explanation I can come up with is that the cumulative sum of blood vessel diameter is reduced. (meprecisely.com)
  • PMA + ionomycin stimulated (6 hours) human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stained with CD3 PerCP/Cyanine5.5 and then fixed, permeablized and stained with IL-2 (clone MQ1-17H12) APC/Fire™ 750 (left) or rat IgG2a, κ APC/Fire™ 750 isotype control (right). (biolegend.com)
  • Too much bilirubin may mean that too much is being produced, usually due to increased destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis). (baysport.com)
  • Considering more research is also for the body's blood pressure in the body. (atime.org)
  • is important for the blood sugars that you are on a heart attack to the body's heart disease. (jewishledger.com)
  • Quantification of cerebral blood volume changes caused by visual stimulation at 3 T using DANTE-prepared dual-echo EPI. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The leaky valve reduces the volume and velocity of the blood flowing through the body, especially in the lungs. (vetinfo.com)
  • Regular physical exercise- this helps to burn excess of fat and calories in body and reduces down your blood pressure. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • She requires emergent fluid resuscitation because of her bleeding and intravascular volume depletion. (kevinmd.com)
  • The incubation period for CCHF following a tick bite is usually 1 to 3 days or 5 to 6 days following contact with blood or tissues. (who.int)
  • resulting therapy can be controlled by a complayment of calcium water, reducing blood pressure. (jewishledger.com)
  • Red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV) are readily available clinical tests that reflect responses of the bone marrow and/or plasma thrombogenicity (e.g., inflammation), and can be markers for major adverse cardiac events (MACE). (elsevier.com)
  • A complete blood cell (CBC) count with platelet count and differential is necessary to assess the level of blood loss in a patient with upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding (UGIB). (medscape.com)
  • Adult sows weighed 1235 ± 29 (SEM) g with a blood volume of 60.4 ± 2.3 ml, of which the liver contained 11.2 ± 0.5 ml. (llu.edu)
  • These results indicate the fetal liver is relatively larger than the adult and contains more blood per gram of tissue. (llu.edu)
  • Rich in vitamin A, C and antioxidants, blood orange extract fortifies the skin's defense to fight off free radicals and inflammation. (garnierusa.com)
  • In six mechanically ventilated patients (admitted March/April 2020), the TBV was measured [ 4 ] as advanced hemodynamic monitoring was not used, and the volume status was unclear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • From hot genre label Dark Cuts comes a stirring volume of bloodcurdling horror from Blood Moon Pictures. (withoutyourhead.com)
  • Diabetes and high blood pressure shares several common things like obesity is main cause for both diabetes and high blood pressure. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • It is believed that risk of cardiovascular diseases doubles if the patient suffers from both diabetes and high blood pressure. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • Diabetes is characterised by high blood sugar level (hyperglycaemia) due to less/no secretion of insulin or insulin resistance. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • There are no specific mechanism which can describe direct relationship between diabetes and high blood pressure. (theresearchpedia.com)
  • The other common medication used to treat high blood pressure medications are also associated with diabetes and heart disease. (atime.org)
  • The risk of developing colon cancer, heart disease , high blood pressure , and diabetes is reduced through regular physical activity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Also, five minutes of starting for a process of five older adults with diabetes organs, how to lower blood pressure permanently which can be kedi drugs for high blood pressure a delivery enthus. (jewishledger.com)
  • Even some kedi drugs for high blood pressure of the patients with diabetes may be expected to the factor for heart attacks and heart attacks. (jewishledger.com)
  • Initial studies showed that PARV4 was present in the blood of febrile patients, intravenous drug users, and persons positive for hepatitis C virus or HIV at prevalences of 6%-30% ( 3 - 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Blood banks are an important component of the healthcare system of a country, saving lives and improving health of patients through the provision of blood. (who.int)
  • Effective policies to ensure that staff working in blood banks do not acquire infection, and to safely dispose of waste generated in a blood bank, are critical to control the spread of blood-borne infections to patients, staff and the community at large. (who.int)
  • RDW and MPV, tests commonly contained within routine complete blood count (CBC), may be a cost-effective manner to identify PsO and PsA patients at increased risk of MACE. (elsevier.com)
  • One retrospective study found that 67% of patients with ureterolithiasis had more than 5 red blood cells (RBCs) per high-power field (hpf), and 89% of patients had more than 0 RBCs/hpf on urine microscopic examination. (medscape.com)
  • Person-to-person transmission of CCHF has occurred in health care settings after exposure to blood and secretions of infected patients. (who.int)
  • This testing, along with other required tests, may result in too much blood being drawn from low-weight pediatric patients right before their transplant surgery and may lead to medical complications. (hrsa.gov)
  • Coenzyme inhibit a cyclosporine can be effective in patients with high blood pressure. (atime.org)
  • Assessing patients' calcium levels is useful in identifying individuals with hyperparathyroidism, but it is especially helpful in monitoring calcium in patients receiving multiple transfusions of citrated blood. (medscape.com)
  • To increase blood safety, we introduced minipool NAT screening in our blood donor service in 1997 for hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV-1 and in 2000 for hepatitis A virus (HAV) and parvovirus B19 ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Semen Volume Enhancement: One of the first products on our list that actively seeks to help increase the semen volume. (peninsuladailynews.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), doing some kind of physical activity or exercise on a regular basis helps to increase strength and flexibility, improve endurance, control weight, increase bone mass, and improve self-esteem, as well as reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and the risk of developing high blood pressure . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The research suggests that eating too kedi drugs for high blood pressure much elevated salt can increase blood pressure during pregnancy, a four0 minutes of women. (jewishledger.com)
  • Once, Grand Maester Elysar gave Vaegon a volume of erotic drawings in the hope that pictures of "naked maidens comporting with men and beasts and one another" might increase Vaegon's interest in women. (westeros.org)
  • Conclusion:Our study demonstrated that non-operative management in Egypt of blunt abdominal trauma wassafe and resulted in fewer procedures, fewer units of blood transfused, and no increase in mortality. (bvsalud.org)
  • The murmur is caused by the turbulence that occurs when the blood flows backwards through the leaking mitral valve and back into the left atrium. (vetinfo.com)
  • After oral administration of therapeutic doses of captopril, rapid absorption occurs with peak blood levels at about one hour. (nih.gov)
  • This essential process occurs universally in solid tumors secondary to expansion of the cancer mass and subsequent growth away from the existing blood supply. (jnccn.org)
  • Actor Moses J. Moseley is multi-talented and has starred in "The Walking Dead," "The Originals" "Trouble with the Curve," "Joyful Noise," and now the upcoming "Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories. (horrornews.net)
  • In the tradition of cult classics Creepshow and V/H/S, comes Volumes of Blood : Horror Stories - a collection of bleedingly original horror from some of today's most gifted genre filmmakers, including Justin Seaman (The Barn), Sean Blevins (A Brush with Death), and John Mayard (Nearly Dead)! (withoutyourhead.com)
  • Volumes of Blood : Horror Stories out August 1 from Dark Cuts. (withoutyourhead.com)
  • Volumes of Blood: Horror Stories is the newest member of the Volumes of Blood family. (morbidlybeautiful.com)
  • The volumes measured were corrected for the ideal body weight of a corresponding healthy individual, and deviations were calculated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • After off-chip removal of red blood cells, healthy white blood cells are sequestered by negative-immunocapture. (nature.com)
  • This inhibition has been demonstrated in both healthy human subjects and in animals by showing that the elevation of blood pressure caused by exogenously administered angiotensin I was attenuated or abolished by captopril. (nih.gov)
  • Healthy iron levels in pregnancy are necessary in order for the mother's body to make blood for her baby. (natural-fertility-info.com)
  • They have the job alongside the white blood cells of protecting the healthy cells. (wn.com)
  • A healthy blood pressure medication and dietary daily, then taste, it is important to be avoided for you. (jewishledger.com)
  • Relative blood volume (RBV) characteristics were investigated using short UF pulses (perturbation analysis), at different hydration states, to identify predictors of hypotension and approaching DW. (bl.uk)
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  • The decision to recommend HIV postexposure prophylaxis must take into account the nature of the exposure (e.g., needlestick or potentially infectious fluid that comes in contact with a mucous membrane) and the amount of blood or body fluid involved in the exposure. (cdc.gov)
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