Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Blood Vessels: Any of the tubular vessels conveying the blood (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins).Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Knee Prosthesis: Replacement for a knee joint.Hip Prosthesis: Replacement for a hip joint.Penile Prosthesis: Rigid, semi-rigid, or inflatable cylindric hydraulic devices, with either combined or separate reservoir and pumping systems, implanted for the surgical treatment of organic ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.Heart Valve Prosthesis: A device that substitutes for a heart valve. It may be composed of biological material (BIOPROSTHESIS) and/or synthetic material.Artificial Limbs: Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.Visual Prosthesis: Artificial device such as an externally-worn camera attached to a stimulator on the RETINA, OPTIC NERVE, or VISUAL CORTEX, intended to restore or amplify vision.Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.Prosthesis Fitting: The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)Neural Prostheses: Medical devices which substitute for a nervous system function by electrically stimulating the nerves directly and monitoring the response to the electrical stimulation.Ossicular Prosthesis: An implant used to replace one or more of the ear ossicles. They are usually made of plastic, Gelfoam, ceramic, or stainless steel.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported: A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.Lymphatic Vessels: Tubular vessels that are involved in the transport of LYMPH and LYMPHOCYTES.Retinal Vessels: The blood vessels which supply and drain the RETINA.AmputeesMaxillofacial Prosthesis: A prosthetic appliance for the replacement of areas of the maxilla, mandible, and face, missing as a result of deformity, disease, injury, or surgery. When the prosthesis replaces portions of the mandible only, it is referred to as MANDIBULAR PROSTHESIS.Larynx, Artificial: A device, activated electronically or by expired pulmonary air, which simulates laryngeal activity and enables a laryngectomized person to speak. Examples of the pneumatic mechanical device are the Tokyo and Van Hunen artificial larynges. Electronic devices include the Western Electric electrolarynx, Tait oral vibrator, Cooper-Rand electrolarynx and the Ticchioni pipe.Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Eye, Artificial: A ready-made or custom-made prosthesis of glass or plastic shaped and colored to resemble the anterior portion of a normal eye and used for cosmetic reasons. It is attached to the anterior portion of an orbital implant (ORBITAL IMPLANTS) which is placed in the socket of an enucleated or eviscerated eye. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Penile Implantation: Surgical insertion of cylindric hydraulic devices for the treatment of organic ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.Prosthesis-Related Infections: Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).Prosthesis Coloring: Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.Neovascularization, Physiologic: The development of new BLOOD VESSELS during the restoration of BLOOD CIRCULATION during the healing process.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Neovascularization, Pathologic: A pathologic process consisting of the proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.Bioprosthesis: Prosthesis, usually heart valve, composed of biological material and whose durability depends upon the stability of the material after pretreatment, rather than regeneration by host cell ingrowth. Durability is achieved 1, mechanically by the interposition of a cloth, usually polytetrafluoroethylene, between the host and the graft, and 2, chemically by stabilization of the tissue by intermolecular linking, usually with glutaraldehyde, after removal of antigenic components, or the use of reconstituted and restructured biopolymers.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Endothelium, Vascular: Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Polyethylene Terephthalates: Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip: Replacement of the hip joint.Prosthesis Retention: Holding a PROSTHESIS in place.Aortic Valve: The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.Dental Prosthesis Retention: Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee: Replacement of the knee joint.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Cementation: The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.Endothelial Cells: Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer.Amputation Stumps: The part of a limb or tail following amputation that is proximal to the amputated section.Denture, Partial, Fixed: A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.Maxillofacial Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of an appliance for the replacement of areas of the maxilla, mandible, and face. When only portions of the mandible are replaced, it is referred to as MANDIBULAR PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Chromium Alloys: Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.Palatal Obturators: Appliances that close a cleft or fissure of the palate.Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A: The original member of the family of endothelial cell growth factors referred to as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A was originally isolated from tumor cells and referred to as "tumor angiogenesis factor" and "vascular permeability factor". Although expressed at high levels in certain tumor-derived cells it is produced by a wide variety of cell types. In addition to stimulating vascular growth and vascular permeability it may play a role in stimulating VASODILATION via NITRIC OXIDE-dependent pathways. Alternative splicing of the mRNA for vascular endothelial growth factor A results in several isoforms of the protein being produced.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Capillaries: The minute vessels that connect the arterioles and venules.Amputation: The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Osseointegration: The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).Pericytes: Unique slender cells with multiple processes extending along the capillary vessel axis and encircling the vascular wall, also called mural cells. Pericytes are imbedded in the BASEMENT MEMBRANE shared with the ENDOTHELIAL CELLS of the vessel. Pericytes are important in maintaining vessel integrity, angiogenesis, and vascular remodeling.Polyethylenes: Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.Arthroplasty: Surgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Femoral NeoplasmsAortic Valve Stenosis: A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.Stapes Surgery: Surgery performed in which part of the STAPES, a bone in the middle ear, is removed and a prosthesis is placed to help transmit sound between the middle ear and inner ear.Muscle, Smooth, Vascular: The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.Mitral Valve: The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Antigens, CD31: Cell adhesion molecules present on virtually all monocytes, platelets, and granulocytes. CD31 is highly expressed on endothelial cells and concentrated at the junctions between them.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Denture Retention: The retention of a denture in place by design, device, or adhesion.Total Disc Replacement: The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.Aorta: The main trunk of the systemic arteries.Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Denture, Overlay: Removable prosthesis constructed over natural teeth or implanted studs.Denture Design: The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.Polytetrafluoroethylene: Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.Polyethylene: A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.Coated Materials, Biocompatible: Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.Denture, Partial, Removable: A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Lymphatic System: A system of organs and tissues that process and transport immune cells and LYMPH.Mandibular Prosthesis: A prosthetic appliance for the replacement of areas of the mandible missing or defective as a result of deformity, disease, injury, or surgery.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Orbital Implants: Rounded objects made of coral, teflon, or alloplastic polymer and covered with sclera, and which are implanted in the orbit following enucleation. An artificial eye (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) is usually attached to the anterior of the orbital implant for cosmetic purposes.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Durapatite: The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.Angiogenesis Inhibitors: Agents and endogenous substances that antagonize or inhibit the development of new blood vessels.Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Allantois: An extra-embryonic membranous sac derived from the YOLK SAC of REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. It lies between two other extra-embryonic membranes, the AMNION and the CHORION. The allantois serves to store urinary wastes and mediate exchange of gas and nutrients for the developing embryo.Laryngectomy: Total or partial excision of the larynx.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Lymphangiogenesis: The formation of LYMPHATIC VESSELS.Metal-on-Metal Joint Prostheses: Types of prosthetic joints in which both wear surfaces of the joint coupling are metallic.Femoral Artery: The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Electrodes, Implanted: Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION is delivered to or electrical activity is recorded from a specific point inside the body.Vasodilation: The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Aortic Valve Insufficiency: Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Acetabulum: The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Vasoconstriction: The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Angiopoietin-1: The first to be discovered member of the angiopoietin family. It may play a role in increasing the sprouting and branching of BLOOD VESSELS. Angiopoietin-1 specifically binds to and stimulates the TIE-2 RECEPTOR. Several isoforms of angiopoietin-1 occur due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of its mRNA.Receptor, TIE-2: A TIE receptor tyrosine kinase that is found almost exclusively on ENDOTHELIAL CELLS. It is required for both normal embryonic vascular development (NEOVASCULARIZATION, PHYSIOLOGIC) and tumor angiogenesis (NEOVASCULARIZATION, PATHOLOGIC).Arterioles: The smallest divisions of the arteries located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.Veins: The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.Capillary Permeability: The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.Endothelial Growth Factors: These growth factors are soluble mitogens secreted by a variety of organs. The factors are a mixture of two single chain polypeptides which have affinity to heparin. Their molecular weight are organ and species dependent. They have mitogenic and chemotactic effects and can stimulate endothelial cells to grow and synthesize DNA. The factors are related to both the basic and acidic FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS but have different amino acid sequences.Speech, Esophageal: A method of speech used after laryngectomy, with sound produced by vibration of the column of air in the esophagus against the contracting cricopharyngeal sphincter. (Dorland, 27th ed)Mice, Inbred C57BLJaw, Edentulous: The total absence of teeth from either the mandible or the maxilla, but not both. Total absence of teeth from both is MOUTH, EDENTULOUS. Partial absence of teeth in either is JAW, EDENTULOUS, PARTIALLY.Heart Valve Diseases: Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2: A 200-230-kDa tyrosine kinase receptor for vascular endothelial growth factors found primarily in endothelial and hematopoietic cells and their precursors. VEGFR-2 is important for vascular and hematopoietic development, and mediates almost all endothelial cell responses to VEGF.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Endothelium: A layer of epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessels (ENDOTHELIUM, VASCULAR), lymph vessels (ENDOTHELIUM, LYMPHATIC), and the serous cavities of the body.Amputation, Traumatic: Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors: A family of angiogenic proteins that are closely-related to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR A. They play an important role in the growth and differentiation of vascular as well as lymphatic endothelial cells.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Surgical Mesh: Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.Venules: The minute vessels that collect blood from the capillary plexuses and join together to form veins.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Cell Movement: The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.Elbow Joint: A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.Humeral Head: The portion of the upper rounded extremity fitting into the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA. (from Stedman, 27th ed)Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Foreign-Body Reaction: Chronic inflammation and granuloma formation around irritating foreign bodies.Disarticulation: Amputation or separation at a joint. (Dorland, 28th ed)Aorta, Thoracic: The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.Corrosion Casting: A tissue preparation technique that involves the injecting of plastic (acrylates) into blood vessels or other hollow viscera and treating the tissue with a caustic substance. This results in a negative copy or a solid replica of the enclosed space of the tissue that is ready for viewing under a scanning electron microscope.Mesenteric Arteries: Arteries which arise from the abdominal aorta and distribute to most of the intestines.Thrombosis: Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.Dental Implantation, Endosseous: Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.Osteoarthritis, Hip: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Cerebral Arteries: The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Denture, Complete, Lower: A complete denture replacing all the natural mandibular teeth and associated structures. It is completely supported by the oral tissue and underlying mandibular bone.Denture, Complete, Upper: A complete denture replacing all the natural maxillary teeth and associated maxillary structures. It is completely supported by the oral tissue and underlying maxillary bone.Lymphokines: Soluble protein factors generated by activated lymphocytes that affect other cells, primarily those involved in cellular immunity.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Denture Repair: The process of reuniting or replacing broken or worn parts of a denture.Angiopoietin-2: An angiopoietin that is closely related to ANGIOPOIETIN-1. It binds to the TIE-2 RECEPTOR without receptor stimulation and antagonizes the effect of ANGIOPOIETIN-1. However its antagonistic effect may be limited to cell receptors that occur within the vasculature. Angiopoietin-2 may therefore play a role in down-regulation of BLOOD VESSEL branching and sprouting.Retinal Artery: Central retinal artery and its branches. It arises from the ophthalmic artery, pierces the optic nerve and runs through its center, enters the eye through the porus opticus and branches to supply the retina.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Retinal Vein: Central retinal vein and its tributaries. It runs a short course within the optic nerve and then leaves and empties into the superior ophthalmic vein or cavernous sinus.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Esthetics: The branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of the beautiful. It includes beauty, esthetic experience, esthetic judgment, esthetic aspects of medicine, etc.Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Polyesters: Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.Models, Animal: Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.Ischemia: A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3: A vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor whose expression is restricted primarily to adult lymphatic endothelium. VEGFR-3 preferentially binds the vascular endothelial growth factor C and vascular endothelial growth factor D and may be involved in the control of lymphangiogenesis.Denture, Complete: A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.Biomedical Engineering: Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.Ossicular Replacement: Surgical insertion of an implant to replace one or more of the ear ossicles.Tooth, Artificial: A fabricated tooth substituting for a natural tooth in a prosthesis. It is usually made of porcelain or plastic.Computer-Aided Design: The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.Tissue Engineering: Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.Osteolysis: Dissolution of bone that particularly involves the removal or loss of calcium.Voice Quality: That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Silicones: A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)Polypropylenes: Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.Neurofeedback: A technique to self-regulate brain activities provided as a feedback in order to better control or enhance one's own performance, control or function. This is done by trying to bring brain activities into a range associated with a desired brain function or status.Bone Transplantation: The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.Methylmethacrylates: The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.Phosphenes: A subjective visual sensation with the eyes closed and in the absence of light. Phosphenes can be spontaneous, or induced by chemical, electrical, or mechanical (pressure) stimuli which cause the visual field to light up without optical inputs.Penis: The external reproductive organ of males. It is composed of a mass of erectile tissue enclosed in three cylindrical fibrous compartments. Two of the three compartments, the corpus cavernosa, are placed side-by-side along the upper part of the organ. The third compartment below, the corpus spongiosum, houses the urethra.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Dental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Chorion: The outermost extra-embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. In REPTILES and BIRDS, it adheres to the shell and allows exchange of gases between the egg and its environment. In MAMMALS, the chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the PLACENTA.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Patella: The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.Zirconium: Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Otosclerosis: Formation of spongy bone in the labyrinth capsule which can progress toward the STAPES (stapedial fixation) or anteriorly toward the COCHLEA leading to conductive, sensorineural, or mixed HEARING LOSS. Several genes are associated with familial otosclerosis with varied clinical signs.Femoral Neck Fractures: Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.

Infrainguinal revascularisation in the era of vein-graft surveillance--do clinical factors influence long-term outcome? (1/2458)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the variables affecting the long-term outcome of infrainguinal vein bypass grafts that have undergone postoperative surveillance. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Details of 299 consecutive infrainguinal vein grafts performed in 275 patients from a single university hospital were collected and analysed. All grafts underwent postoperative duplex surveillance. Factors affecting patency, limb salvage and survival rates were examined. These factors were gender, diabetes, hypertension, aspirin, warfarin, ischaemic heart disease, run-off, graft type, early thrombectomy, level of anastomoses and indication for surgery. RESULTS: The 6-year primary, primary assisted and secondary patency rates were 23, 47, and 57%, respectively. Six-year limb salvage and patient survival were 68 and 45%, respectively. Primary patency was adversely influenced by the use of composite vein grafts. Early thrombectomy was the only factor that significantly influenced secondary patency. Limb salvage was worse in diabetic limbs, limbs with poor run-off and in grafts that required early thrombectomy. Postoperative survival was better in males, claudicants and in patients who took aspirin. CONCLUSIONS: Although co-morbid factors did not influence graft patency rates, diabetes did adversely effect limb salvage. This study, like others before it, confirms that aspirin significantly reduces long-term mortality in patients undergoing infrainguinal revascularisation.  (+info)

Isolated femoropopliteal bypass graft for limb salvage after failed tibial reconstruction: a viable alternative to amputation. (2/2458)

PURPOSE: Femoropopliteal bypass grafting procedures performed to isolated popliteal arteries after failure of a previous tibial reconstruction were studied. The results were compared with those of a study of primary isolated femoropopliteal bypass grafts (IFPBs). METHODS: IFPBs were only constructed if the uninvolved or patent popliteal segment measured at least 7 cm in length and had at least one major collateral supplying the calf. When IFPB was performed for ischemic lesions, these lesions were usually limited to the digits or small portions of the foot. Forty-seven polytetrafluoroethylene grafts and three autogenous reversed saphenous vein grafts were used. RESULTS: Ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) increased after bypass grafting by a mean of 0.46. Three-year primary life table patency and limb-salvage rates for primary IFPBs were 73% and 86%, respectively. All eight IFPBs performed after failed tibial bypass grafts remained patent for 2 to 44 months, with patients having viable, healed feet. CONCLUSION: In the presence of a suitable popliteal artery and limited tissue necrosis, IFPB can have acceptable patency and limb-salvage rates, even when a polytetrafluoroethylene graft is used. Secondary IFPB can be used to achieve limb salvage after failed tibial bypass grafting.  (+info)

Superficial femoral eversion endarterectomy combined with a vein segment as a composite artery-vein bypass graft for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction. (3/2458)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the results of composite artery-vein bypass grafting for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective case series in two tertiary referral centers. Forty-eight of 51 patients underwent the procedure of interest for the treatment of ischemic skin lesions (n = 42), rest pain (n = 3), disabling claudication (n = 1), and infected prosthesis (n = 2). The intervention used was infrainguinal composite artery-vein bypass grafting to popliteal (n = 18) and infrapopliteal (n = 30) arteries, with an occluded segment of the superficial femoral artery prepared with eversion endarterectomy and an autogenous vein conduit harvested from greater saphenous veins (n = 43), arm veins (n = 3), and lesser saphenous veins (n = 2). The main outcome measures, primary graft patency rates, foot salvage rates, and patient survival rates, were described by means of the life-table method for a mean follow-up time of 15.5 months. RESULTS: The cumulative loss during the follow-up period was 6% and 24% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. The primary graft patency rates, the foot salvage rates, and the patient survival rates for patients with popliteal grafts were 60.0% +/- 9.07%, 75.7% +/- 9.18%, and 93.5% +/- 6.03%, respectively, at 1 month; 53.7% +/- 11.85%, 68.9% +/- 12.47%, and 85. 0% +/- 9.92% at 1 year; and 46.7% +/- 18.19%, 68.9% +/- 20.54%, and 53.1% +/- 17.15% at 5 years. For infrapopliteal grafts, the corresponding estimates were 72.4% +/- 7.06%, 72.9% +/- 6.99%, and 92.7% +/- 4.79% at 1 month; 55.6% +/- 10.70%, 55.4% +/- 10.07%, and 77.9% +/- 9.02% at 1 year; and 33.6% +/- 22.36%, 55.4% +/- 30.20%, and 20.8% +/- 9.89% at 5 years. CONCLUSION: The composite artery-vein bypass graft is a useful autogenous alternative for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction when a vein of the required quality is not available or when the procedure needs to be confined to the affected limb.  (+info)

The value of late computed tomographic scanning in identification of vascular abnormalities after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. (4/2458)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of late arterial abnormalities after aortic aneurysm repair and thus to suggest a routine for postoperative radiologic follow-up examination and to establish reference criteria for endovascular repair. METHODS: Computed tomographic (CT) scan follow-up examination was obtained at 8 to 9 years after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair on a cohort of patients enrolled in the Canadian Aneurysm Study. The original registry consisted of 680 patients who underwent repair of nonruptured AAA. When the request for CT scan follow-up examination was sent in 1994, 251 patients were alive and potentially available for CT scan follow-up examination and 94 patients agreed to undergo abdominal and thoracic CT scanning procedures. Each scan was interpreted independently by two vascular radiologists. RESULTS: For analysis, the aorta was divided into five defined segments and an aneurysm was defined as a more than 50% enlargement from the expected normal value as defined in the reporting standards for aneurysms. With this strict definition, 64.9% of patients had aneurysmal dilatation and the abnormality was considered as a possible indication for surgical repair in 13.8%. Of the 39 patients who underwent initial repair with a tube graft, 12 (30.8%) were found to have an iliac aneurysm and six of these aneurysms (15.4%) were of possible surgical significance. Graft dilatation was observed from the time of operation (median graft size of 18 mm) to a median size of 22 mm as measured by means of CT scanning at follow-up examination. Fluid or thrombus was seen around the graft in 28% of the cases, and bowel was believed to be intimately associated with the graft in 7%. CONCLUSION: Late follow-up CT scans after AAA repair often show vascular abnormalities. Most of these abnormalities are not clinically significant, but, in 13.8% of patients, the thoracic or abdominal aortic segment was aneurysmal and, in 15.4% of patients who underwent tube graft placement, one of the iliac arteries was significantly abnormal to warrant consideration for surgical repair. On the basis of these findings, a routine CT follow-up examination after 5 years is recommended. This study provides a population-based study for comparison with the results of endovascular repair.  (+info)

Right atrial bypass grafting for central venous obstruction associated with dialysis access: another treatment option. (5/2458)

PURPOSE: Central venous obstruction is a common problem in patients with chronic renal failure who undergo maintenance hemodialysis. We studied the use of right atrial bypass grafting in nine cases of central venous obstruction associated with upper extremity venous hypertension. To better understand the options for managing this condition, we discuss the roles of surgery and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent placement. METHODS: All patients had previously undergone placement of bilateral temporary subclavian vein dialysis catheters. Severe arm swelling, graft thrombosis, or graft malfunction developed because of central venous stenosis or obstruction in the absence of alternative access sites. A large-diameter (10 to 16 mm) externally reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (GoreTex) graft was used to bypass the obstructed vein and was anastomosed to the right atrial appendage. This technique was used to bypass six lesions in the subclavian vein, two lesions at the innominate vein/superior vena caval junction, and one lesion in the distal axillary vein. RESULTS: All patients except one had significant resolution of symptoms without operative mortality. Bypass grafts remained patent, allowing the arteriovenous grafts to provide functional access for 1.5 to 52 months (mean, 15.4 months) after surgery. CONCLUSION: Because no mortality directly resulted from the procedure and the morbidity rate was acceptable, this bypass grafting technique was adequate in maintaining the dialysis access needed by these patients. Because of the magnitude of the procedure, we recommend it only for the occasional patient in whom all other access sites are exhausted and in whom percutaneous dilation and/or stenting has failed.  (+info)

Infrarenal endoluminal bifurcated stent graft infected with Listeria monocytogenes. (6/2458)

Prosthetic graft infection as a result of Listeria monocytogenes is an extremely rare event that recently occurred in a 77-year-old man who underwent endoluminal stent grafting for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. The infected aortic endoluminal prosthesis was removed by means of en bloc resection of the aneurysm and contained endograft with in situ aortoiliac reconstruction. At the 10-month follow-up examination, the patient was well and had no signs of infection.  (+info)

Endovascular stent graft repair of aortopulmonary fistula. (7/2458)

Two patients who had aortopulmonary fistula of postoperative origin with hemoptysis underwent successful repair by means of an endovascular stent graft procedure. One patient had undergone repeated thoracotomies two times, and the other one time to repair anastomotic aneurysms of the descending aorta after surgery for Takayasu's arteritis. A self-expanding stainless steel stent covered with a Dacron graft was inserted into the lesion through the external iliac or femoral artery. The patients recovered well, with no signs of infection or recurrent hemoptysis 8 months after the procedure. Endovascular stent grafting may be a therapeutic option for treating patients with aortopulmonary fistula.  (+info)

Frame dislocation of body middle rings in endovascular stent tube grafts. (8/2458)

OBJECTIVES: To understand the cause, and propose a mechanism for frame dislocation in endovascular grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five tube grafts were explanted due to secondary distal leakage 15-21 months after operation. One bifurcated graft was removed during emergency operation after aortic rupture caused by secondary leakage. A second bifurcated graft was harvested from a patient with thrombotic occlusion of one limb, who died after transurethral prostatic resection. The inside of the grafts were examined endoscopically. The stent was inspected after removal of the fabric, broken ligatures were counted and examined by scanning electron microscopy. The fabric strength was tested by probe puncture. RESULTS: We found 17-44% of the stent ligatures of the body middle rings to be loose. The knots were intact. Degradation of the polyester textile was not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Continuous movements in the grafted aorta and blood pressure impose permanent stress to the stent frame and the polyester fabric resulting in morphological changes in the body middle ring of grafts. The clinical implications of the suture breakages are unknown although they may be related to distal secondary leakage in tube grafts.  (+info)

A novel endovascular approach useful in the treatment of aneurysms, particularly saccular aneurysms. The present endovascular prosthesis comprises a leaf portion capable of being urged against and blocking the opening of the aneurysm thereby leading to obliteration of the aneurysm. The leaf portion is attached to, and independently moveable with respect to, a body comprising at least one expandable portion. Thus, the body serves the general purpose of fixing the endovascular prosthesis in place at a target body passageway in the vicinity at which the aneurysm is located and the leaf portion serves the purpose of blocking the aneurysmal opening thereby leading to obliteration of the aneurysm. A method of delivering and implanting the endovascular prosthesis is also described.
The purpose of the study is to demonstrate the long term safety and effectiveness of the Endurant Stent Graft System for the endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms in a post-approval environment, through the endpoints established in this protocol.. The clinical objective of the study is to evaluate the long term safety and effectiveness of the Endurant Stent Graft System assessed at 5 years through freedom from Aneurysm-Related Mortality (ARM). ...
This study is a prospective, non-randomized evaluation of ascending and thoracic pathology endovascular repair in the high-risk patient. The purpose of this study is to assess the role of the thoracic aortic pathology treatment using endovascular prosthesis in high-risk patients. The study objectives include (1) to assess the safety and efficacy of endovascular prosthesis as a means of preventing aneurysm growth and rupture in high risk patients, (2) to measure the physiologic effects and outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair, (3) to establish selection criteria, improve device design, operative technique, and follow-up procedures for patients undergoing aneurysm repair. There will be up to 15 patients in the ascending aortic lesion arm and 20 patients in Arch Branch arm; all at one site (The Cleveland Clinic). Baseline procedures may include an angiogram, intravascular ultrasound, CT scan, chest x-ray, physical exam, blood work, and ankle-brachial index. The endovascular prosthesis is placed ...
HPLC Part: AJ0-8311 SecurityGuard™ PREP cartridge for Prep HPLC CN columns with 30.0 to 49.0mm internal diameters (ID), Ea Recomended Use: Column protection for standard HPLC columns Separation Mode: Normal Phase Format: Guard Cartridge (e.g. PHE SecurityGuard )
This ultrasound training video is designed to provide an introduction to the color/duplex ultrasound evaluation of aneurysms, pseudo-aneurysms and ultrasound evaluation of arterial bypass grafts.
Medtronic, Inc. has just submitted the final pre-market approval documents to the FDA for its Talent™ Thoracic Stent Graft System. At the present tim
Medtronic Valiant Navion thoracic stent graft system was approved in Japan. It consists of a low-profile delivery system with FreeFlo.
This part of ISO 25539 specifies requirements for endovascular prostheses, based upon current medical knowledge. With regard to safety, it gives requirements for intended performance, design attributes, materials, design evaluation, manufacturing, sterilization packaging and information supplied by the manufacturer. It should be considered as a supplement to ISO 14630, which specifies general requirements for the performance of non-active surgical implants. This part of ISO 25539 is applicable to endovascular prostheses used to treat arterial aneurysms, arterial stenoses, or other appropriate vascular abnormalities. This part of ISO 25539 is applicable to delivery systems if they comprise an integral component of the deployment of the endovascular prostheses. This part of ISO 25539 is not applicable to vascular occluders, with the exception of contra-lateral iliac occluders when used as an integral part of an aorto-uni-iliac device. See ISO 14630 for excluded products. This part of ISO 25539 is ...
A vascular prosthesis comprises pericardial, fascial, or other tissue formed over a tubular support frame. A first exemplary tubular support frame comprises an inner helical member and an outer helical member, where the tissue is rolled and captured therebetween. A second exemplary tubular support frame comprises a plurality of ring elements which are located alternately on the outside and on the inside of the rolled tissue. Other exemplary frames employ fasteners for penetrating the rolled tissue and attaching tissue to frame elements. The tissue is preferably obtained from the patient who is to receive the vascular prosthesis, with the tissue being mounted over the frame immediately prior to use.
The invention provides an endovascular graft system for repair of aneurysms. The graft system includes a trunk component and first and second leg components. The graft components include graft material supported by a plurality of stents which are spaced apart and affixed to the graft material in a manner that allows articulation of the graft system without excessive wear of the graft material. The stents are formed by intersecting struts which may be tapered to relieve stress. A stabilizing mechanism is provided to stabilize the position of the legs with respect to the trunk when the graft system is deployed.
A multi-lumen catheter and method for inserting same in a patient is disclosed. The catheter includes an elongated, central, multi-lumen tube portion having a proximal end and a distal end. The central tube portion has a substantially cylindrical outer shape and is internally segmented into a plurality of lumens. A distal branch portion includes a plurality of single-lumen distal extension tubes. A proximal branch portion includes a plurality of single-lumen proximal extension tubes. Each proximal extension tube has a distal first end and a proximal second end. The distal first end of each proximal extension tube is connected to the proximal end of the central tube portion such that the single lumen of each distal extension tube is in fluid communication with one of the plurality of lumens of the central tube portion. Each lumen of the central tube portion and the lumens of the distal and proximal extension tubes in fluid communication therewith define a flow path through the catheter. Selectively
Clause 1, describes the global Stent Grafts market introduction, market overview, product image, market opportunities, market summary, market risk, development scope, global Stent Grafts market presence;. Clause 2 and 3 studies the key Stent Grafts market competitors, their sales volume, market profits and price of Stent Grafts in 2016 and 2017;. Clause 4,5 and 6, introduces the global Stent Grafts market by regions, with sales, market revenue, and share of Stent Grafts market for each region from 2017 to 2022;. Clause 7, conducts the region-wise study of the global Stent Grafts market based on the sales ratio in each region and market share from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 8 displays the market by type and application, with sales global Stent Grafts market share and growth rate by application, type, from 2012 to 2017;. Clause 9 and 10 describes the global Stent Grafts market prediction, by regions, application, and type with global Stent Grafts market revenue and sales, from 2017 to 2022.. Clause 11, ...
The Yale surgeons expanded on an earlier study and human trial conducted in Japan on the use of TEVG as conduits in patients with single ventricles.
Disclosed is a tubular endoluminal vascular prosthesis, useful in treating, for example, an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The prosthesis comprises a self expandable wire support structure surrounded by a flexible tubular membrane. A delivery catheter and methods are also disclosed.
RESULTS: A total of 144 patients (122 men and 2 women) underwent EVAR with the Gore® Excluder® AAA Endoprosthesis between December 2004 and December 2012. The mean follow-up time was 13.8 months, and the longest recorded follow-up was 67.6 months. There was no migration nor type I or type III endoleaks during the follow-up period. Seven (5.8%) of the 121 patients required reintervention to treat a type II endoleak. Limb thrombosis was present in 1 (0.8%) patient. No patient was identified with aneurysmal rupture postimplant. Also, no patient presented with aneurysm diameter growth of more than 5 mm at any point during follow-up ...
An endoluminal graft includes a unitary tube of graft material forming two adjacent legs that are integral and monolithic to each other. The graft can be part of a prosthesis assembly for treatment of branched vascular systems and can function as an integral bifurcated leg extension prosthesis in combination with a main bifurcated prosthesis. In treating abdominal aortic aneurysms, the graft can be deployed within both iliac arteries.
HPLC Part: AJ0-8773 SecurityGuard™ ULTRA cartridges for PFP UHPLC, sub-2µm and core-shell columns with 4.6mm internal diameters (ID), 3/Pk Recomended Use: Column protection for UHPLC columns Separation Mode: Reversed Phase Format: Guard Cartridge (e.g. PHE SecurityGuard )
LAGUNA HILLS, Calif., Feb. 19, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- First Surgery in Orange County Using Next Generation Fenestrated Endovascular Graft is...
Vascular prosthesis suitable for use as a surgical graft is produced by implanting a rod or tube in a living host animal such as a sheep and allowing collagenous tissue to grow on the implant to form
Process for forming a multilayer blood vessel prosthesis. Each layer is formed from bioreplaceable materials which include those produced by contacting collagen with an aminopolysaccharide and subsequently covalently crosslinking the resulting polymer, polymers of hydroxyacetic acid and the like. Cross flow filtration molding and wet extrusion molding are two processes which are particularly useful for forming the inner layer of the blood vessel prosthesis. The outer layer of the blood vessel prosthesis is preferably formed by freeze drying a dispersion of the bioreplaceable material onto the inner layer(s). The disclosed blood vessel prosthesis is a multilayer structure with each layer having a porosity and other physicochemical and mechanical characteristics selected to maximize the effectiveness of the blood vessel. The prosthesis functions initially as a thromboresistant conduit with mechanical properties which match those of the adjacent natural blood vessel. Eventually, the prosthesis
Definition of vascular graft in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is vascular graft? Meaning of vascular graft as a finance term. What does vascular graft mean in finance?
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 29% of all global deaths and is set to rise to 23 million deaths a year by 2030 (World Health Organisation, 2012). Arterial bypassing, both peripheral and coronary, is usually performed with autologously harvested vessels. However, the quantity available is often very limited as well as the vessels of elderly patients often suffering from thrombus, aneurysm formation or arthrosclerosis in high pressure arterial sites. The shortcomings of autografts has led to a substantial amount of research being directed towards tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) (Kakisis et al., 2005). Currently available artificial grafts for small diameter vasculature (mm) suffer from poor patency rates due to thrombosis, aneurysm formation, and a compliance mismatch, which often stems from the inherent properties of synthetic polymers. The primary goal of the research presented in this thesis was to develop a small diameter tissue engineered
(美國商業資訊) -- W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. (Gore)今天宣佈,GORE® EXCLUDER®適形性AAA器材獲得CE標誌,該產品旨在治療具有挑戰性解剖畸形的腹主動脈瘤(AAA)病患。Gore用於主動脈疾病血管內治療的創新解決方案陣容不斷擴大,該器材
The failure of synthetic vascular grafts due to de-endothelialization of the lumen as a result of exposure to fluid-induced shear stress prevents the widespread use of such grafts as small-diameter vessel replacements. Physical surface modification, an approach that seeks to alter the topography of the luminal surface, has been investigated as a method of reducing de-endothelialization under physiological stresses. Based on prior experimental evidence supporting this approach, computation fluid dynamics was used to investigate the impact of selected channel geometry parameters (wall angle, channel width, depth, and radius of curvature) on fluid flow and the resulting wall shear stress. Optimization of these parameters was performed in order to determine if micro-topographical modification of the lumen wall could alter fluid flow in a manner such that favorable conditions for both endothelial cell retention and stimulation are produced. It was found that a 50% decrease in the wall angle, width, ...
July 2005. Dynatek dalta announces their release of the worlds first Coating Durability Tester (CDT), with the first client installation scheduled for August 1, 2005.. Dynateks CDT adds the benefit of dynamic, real-time evaluation of device coating to the proven accelerated durability testing of the Small Vascular Prosthesis Tester (SVP) and Large Vascular Prosthesis Tester (LVP). The CDT measures both size and number of particles as shedding occurs, without removal of the testing solution.. Applications for the CDT include device and coating durability testing for large vascular stents, small vascular stents, bifurcated stents, and other coated devices. The Coated Durability Tester includes a particle counter, controller, and data acquisition software.. Dynatek, the industry leader in cardiac and vascular device testing, offers customized testers and testing services designed to meet their clients specific needs. Visit us at www.dynateklabs.com. For more information on the CDT, contact Sales ...
Developed by renowned radiologists in each specialty, STATdx provides comprehensive decision support you can rely on - Thoracic Aortic Endografts
A modular intraluminal stent graft. The intraluminal stent graft is bifurcated having a primary section and a secondary section extending therefrom. The primary section tapers from a larger diameter at an upstream end to a smaller diameter at a downstream end. The downstream end of the primary section has a pair of independent openings each having an expanded diameter. The secondary section provides a first endoleg having an upstream end that is received through the expanded diameter of one opening of the primary section, and a second endoleg having an upstream end that is received through the second opening of the primary section. The upstream ends of each endoleg, in its expanded state, is larger than the downstream portion of the respective endolegs and expands within the primary section to help assemble the graft in situ. The first and second endolegs also expand within the respective openings each is received within to assemble the stent graft in situ as well. The primary section is positioned
Threshold gel concentration: Prepare serial dilutions of the sample with known solids content (0.15%, 0.20%, 0.25%, etc.) and place in tubes, 150 mm long by 16 mm internal diameter, stoppered at both ends. Cool for 1 h at 20-25o. Allow cylinders of gel to slide from the tubes to a level surface. The lowest concentration of gel that resists gravity without rupture for 5-30 sec is the threshold concentration of the sample. ...
We make vascular grafts, endovascular and interventional devices, and surgical patches and scaffolds used by healthcare professionals to improve the lives of patients worldwide.
We make vascular grafts, endovascular and interventional devices, and surgical patches and scaffolds used by healthcare professionals to improve the lives of patients worldwide.
Gore has received CE Mark for the GORE® Hybrid Vascular Graft. The graft is designed to expand treatment options for optimal outflow by maximizing the
[97 Pages Report] Check for Discount on United States Peripheral Vascular Graft Market Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the United States Peripheral Vascular Graft market...
Volunteer with Bloomington Hospital Positive Link. Find Bloomington Hospital Positive Link volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
This data set contains 2017 geospatial bus route data from IU Campus Bus. This data is not maintained by the City of Bloomington, but has been shared with us to as a resource ...
Skin beautification services to clean, exfliate and nourish your skin and give you a youthful and vibrant look. List of Skin Beautification in Bloomington, MN.
Worldwide vascular grafts market is conjecture to show a strong CAGR of 5.0% within the forecast period from 2016 to 2024. With this pace, the markets valuation is likely to be worth US$ 3.29 bn before the finish of year 2024
AccessGUDID - Gelweave™ (05037881014296)- Gelweave Gelatin Impregnated Woven Vascular Prosthesis BRANCHED ARCH GRAFT WITH RADIOPAQUE MARKERS
AccessGUDID - Gelweave™ (05037881002286)- Gelweave Gelatin Impregnated Woven Vascular Prosthesis VALSALVA ANTE-FLO WITH SHORTER SKIRT
Eventbrite - Trainerkart Americas, INC presents CAPM 4 days Classroom Training in Bloomington, IN - Tuesday, July 23, 2019 | Friday, July 26, 2019 at Business Hotel. Find event and ticket information.
Contour Elevation lines exported from the CItys GIS. See summary description (txt) file for information about intended use, projection, currency, attributes, etc. This data set ...
123 HR Personnel Services jobs available in Bloomington, MN on Indeed.com. Human Resources Specialist, Human Resources Coordinator, Program Manager and more!
Express Zenith in Sector 77, Noida. Apartments in Express Zenith offers ✓2, 2.5, 3 BHK Apartments. ✓ 1025.0 - 1945.0 sqft. ✓57.4 L - 1.13 Cr. ✓Possession - Aug, 2016. Visit Now!
Save $8,434 on a 2017 Buick Regal. Search over 7,500 listings to find the best Flagstaff, AZ deals. CarGurus analyzes over 6 million cars daily.
... predstavlja najstariju ustanovu visokog obrazovanja u Crnoj Gori. Univerzitet Crne Gore cine devetnaest fakulteta i dva naucna instituta. Na Univerzitetu studira vise od 20.000 studenata.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene graft fistula for chronic hemodialysis. AU - Tellis, V. A.. AU - Kohlberg, W. I.. AU - Bhat, D. J.. AU - Driscoll, B.. AU - Veith, F. J.. PY - 1979. Y1 - 1979. N2 - In a retrospective study of 66 polytetrafluoroethylene arteriovenous fistulae (PTFE) and 71 bovine carotid heterograft arteriovenous fistulae (BCH) for dialysis access, PTFE had a higher patency rate than BCH at 12 months (62.4 versus 32.5%). PTFE was easier to work with and easier to handle in the face of infection. The lateral upper arm approach to placement of the PTFE graft is desirable in patients who have had multiple previous access procedures because this area is usually free from scarring, is distant from neurovascular structures, and provides a greater length of graft for needle punctures.. AB - In a retrospective study of 66 polytetrafluoroethylene arteriovenous fistulae (PTFE) and 71 bovine carotid heterograft arteriovenous fistulae (BCH) for dialysis access, PTFE had a ...
Introduction: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been an established treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Although statin use has been shown associated with better long-term survival following open AAA surgery, its impact on EVAR has not been systematically explored.. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a multicenter database of 368 consecutive patients (age, 76 ± 8 years; 84% male) undergoing EVAR for AAA between November 2006 and December 2013. The outcome measure was overall survival following EVAR. Independent predictor associated with the outcome was assessed by Cox proportional hazard regression model. Furthermore, the association between the statin use and the outcome was assessed.. Results: During the follow-up of 30 ± 20 months, 38 patients died from cardiovascular disease (33%), cancer (23%) or infection (23%). Survival rate was 96% and 81% at 1 and 5 years, respectively. In Cox regression analysis, statin use (in 213 AAA patients, 58%) was negatively associated with ...
This is the first article to our knowledge to report the use of biophysical forces to attach endothelial cells to the surface of prosthetic vascular grafts. EOCs readily endocytose paramagnetic particles and are rapidly attracted to magnetized graft surfaces. Once seeded, these cells remain attached at shear forces comparable to those seen in the circulation. A porcine study provided proof of concept and demonstrated the presence of a large number of seeded cells after 24 hours of pulsatile blood flow.. Vascular grafts based on either expanded polytetrafluoroethylene or polyethylene terephthalate fiber (Dacron) work very well when positioned in vessels with diameters ,6 mm and in conditions of high flow. However, the majority of vascular disease occurs in vessels with caliber of ,6 mm. Coronary bypass grafting is commonly performed with arterial conduits (when available), and with autologous saphenous vein grafts. However, up to 30% of the patients do not have veins suitable for vascular ...
As per Market.Biz analysis, by the end of 2017, Global sales revenue of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Market is expected to touch nearly 3.4 Billion USD, as well as global Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) market, is expected to cross US$ XXXX Mn by the end of the year 2022. The global Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) market is expected to exhibit a CAGR of XX.XX % during the assessment period from 2016-2022.. Global Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Market 2017 Research refine essential aspects of the Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) market and presents them in the form of a united and all-inclusive document. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) market report focuses on the top leading manufacturers of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) industry. Firstly, the Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) market report gives you the basic overview of the Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) industry 2017. Secondly, this Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) market study gives the information about the types of products, price, ...
September 28, 2017-The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a letter to health care providers advising that the agency is evaluating recent information regarding type IIIa and IIIb endoleaks with the use of endovascular graft systems indicated for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures. The letter, addressed to vascular and cardiothoracic surgeons, radiologists, and cardiologists, stated that an increase in the occurrence of type III endoleaks has been suggested by several sources, including the FDAs Medical Device Reporting system and the Annual Clinical Updates to Physicians by the manufacturers. This increase is compared with earlier clinical update reports in patients with various device models and implant duration lengths, including some patients who had previously stable repairs.. The purpose of the FDAs letter is to bring this potential complication to the attention of health care providers and to remind and encourage them to report type IIIa and IIIb endoleak events ...
Fenestrated and branched endovascular aortic repair (F/B-EVAR) is associated with a high degree of technical and clinical success. Despite this, studies have also reported high reintervention rates, and these are often related to the bridging stent grafts. Often new devices appear on the market before they have been tested in the bridging stent graft position. This review aims to assess the current literature on bridging stent grafts and discuss complications, illustrated by case reports. Complications reported with bridging stent grafts include; endoleak, kink, fracture, migration, occlusion, stenosis and perforation. Some known risk factors for bridging stent occlusions are renal artery stent grafts vs. SMA and celiac artery stent grafts. Some device specific complications have also been reported such as type IIIc endoleak with the Lifestream stent graft (Bard Peripheral Vascular, Tempe, AZ, USA) fractures and type IIId endoleaks with the 1st generation of Begraft (BentleyInnoMed, Hechingen, ...
Background: Bypass graft thrombosis remains a significant mode of failure in prosthetic graft revascularization. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the long-term thromboresistant effect of heparin-bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) graft using Carmeda BioActive Surface technology in a canine model. Methods: Bilateral femorofemoral artery bypass grafts with ePTFE grafts were performed in 25 adult grayhound dogs. In each animal, a heparin-bonded ePTFE graft (Propaten, WL Gore) was placed on one side, whereas a control nonheparin graft was placed on the contralateral side. The graft patency was assessed at 1, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months (n = 5 per group) following the bypass. Heparin bioactivity of the graft material was analyzed. The effect of intimal hyperplasia was also assessed. Results: All bypass grafts were patent at 1 month. Significantly greater patency rates were noted in the Propaten group compared to the control group at 12, 18, and 24 months, which were 84%, ...
Infections of the aorta remain one of the most dreaded complications in reconstructive vascular surgery. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of a cryopreserved aortic allograft to treat an established vascular graft infection by the surgical in situ replacement of the infected segment in an animal model, and to investigate the role of antibiotics to decontaminate the allograft during the cryopreservation process. Furthermore, the tissue concentrations of the antibiotic and the kinetics of desorption were investigated in in vitro experiments. A model of prosthetic graft infection by Staphylococcus epidermidis RP-62 (inserted in the infrarenal aorta) in dogs was developed. By in situ replacement of the infected prosthetic graft with a cryopreserved aortic allograft, this study demonstrated an intrinsic resistance to infection of cryopreserved aortic allografts. However, antibiotic loading of the cryopreserved aortic allografts appeared to be essential to obtain optimal ...
17. A method for assembling a bifurcated stent graft which is releasable from a collapsed state and releasably engaged to the distal end of a first catheter, for implantation into a blood vessel, comprising the steps of:providing first component having a first end and second end, and having a first aperture at said first end, and having an axial passage communicating therethrough;providing said first component with a first leg extending from said second end and having an axial cavity communicating therethrough with said axial passage,providing first component with a second leg extending from said second end, with second leg extending to a distal end and having an axial passageway therethrough between said axial passage and said distal end;employing means for engagement of said first component to engage it at a distal end of a first catheter;providing a second catheter having a distal end tranlatably positionable relative to said distal end of said first catheter;positioning a second guide wire ...
The Endurant II AAA stent graft (Medtronic) is a stent-graft composed with highly elastic nitinol stents with a high-density polyester fiber. Nitinol is an alloy of titanium and nickel and has been shown to have several advantages which include greater resistance to crushing forces as well as lower bending stress when placed within tortuous vessels (which is sometimes the case with aortic aneurysms).. Nitinol is also safe with use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The Endurant stent graft system is often employed in challenging endovascular repairs (e.g. close proximity of the aneurysm to the renal arteries or tortuous aorta). Even while including results from difficult repairs, studies have shown that success and complication rates are comparable to other stent grafts. ...
All rights reserved. This work is protected by the corresponding intellectual and industrial property rights. Without prejudice to any existing legal exemptions, reproduction, distribution, public communication or transformation of this work are prohibited without permission of the copyright holder ...
[145 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Abdominal Aortic Stent Grafts - Medical Devices Pipeline Assessment, 2017 report by GlobalData. Abdominal Aortic Stent Grafts - Medical Devices Pipeline Assessment, 2017 Summary...
The purpose of this study is to compare acute technical outcomes of the Talent AAA Stent Graft system versus Cook Zenith Endograft at two high volume institutions, Albany Medical Center and St. Peters Hospital in Albany, NY. The investigators are comparing the two devices as part of the evolution of endovascular repair (EVAR) for AAAs. The Zenith AAA Endovascular Graft received FDA approval on May 23, 2003, the Talent Abdominal Stent Graft System on April 15, 2008 ...
Anaconda™ endovascular abdominal aortic stent grafts offer you a fully customisable solution for precise abdominal aneurysm/AAA repair.
A vascular graft comprised of a tubular polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) sheet is provided. The ePTFE sheet has a substantially uniform coating of bioresorbable gel material, for example gelatin, on a surface thereof. The coating minimises bleeding through suture holes in the ePTFE sheet and provides an increase in longitudinal extensibility.
Despite medical achievements, the number of patients with end-stage kidney disease keeps steadily raising, thereby entailing a high number of surgical and interventional procedures to establish and maintain arteriovenous vascular access for hemodialysis. Due to vascular disease, aneurysms or infection, the preferred access-an autogenous arteriovenous fistula-is not always available and appropriate. Moreover, when replacing small diameter blood vessels, synthetic vascular grafts possess well-known disadvantages. A continuous multilayered gradient electrospinning was used to produce vascular grafts made of collagen type I nanofibers on luminal and adventitial graft side, and poly-ɛ-caprolactone as medial layer. Therefore, a custom-made electrospinner with robust environmental control was developed. The morphology of electrospun grafts was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and measurement of mechanical properties. Human microvascular endothelial cells were cultured in the graft under ...
OBJECTIVES: Autologous saphenous vein (ASV) for arterial reconstruction, in vascular limb injuries is the graft material of choice. Denatured saphenous vein homograft (DSVH), thanks to its characteristics of readily available autologous biological pr
Summary Aortic stent grafts are most commonly used to reinforce a weak spot in an artery, which is known as an aneurysm. The stent grafts are designed to
Porous expanded polytetrafluoroethylene material having a microstructure of nodes interconnected by fibrils wherein a surface of the material has been modified to have increased hydrophobicity as indicated by having a water droplet roll-off angle of less than about 10 degrees in comparison to a typical roll-off angle of greater than about 12 degrees for the unmodified material. Under magnification, the surface morphology may be indistinguishable from that of the unmodified precursor material. The modification is preferably done by exposing the surface to radio frequency gas plasma discharge with a reactive etching gas for a lengthy amount of time such as about ten minutes. If surface etching is continued beyond a time adequate to produce the highly hydrophobic behavior, then the surface morphology includes the appearance of broken fibrils. Still further treatment results in complete removal of fibrils from the surface so that under magnification the surface has the appearance of freestanding node
D4895 - 16 Standard Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Resin Produced From Dispersion , coagulated dispersion polytetrafluoroethylene, fluoropolymers, polytetrafluoroethylene, PTFE,,
The treatment of thoracic aortic TSXN with endografts presents several technical challenges. The most important is the lack of a dedicated device for these patients. All commercially available aortic endografts, especially those for use in the thoracic aorta, were designed for treatment of aneurysms and dissections. These pathologies usually occur in older individuals with intrinsic arterial disease and larger diameter aortas. The smallest commercially available thoracic aortic endograft, the Gore TAG device (W.L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ) is 26 mm diameter, and is not recommended for use in aortas less than 23 mm in diameter [12]. One concern with excessive endograft oversizing is in-folding of the graft material that prevents an adequate seal against the aortic intima. Of greater concern, graft collapse has been reported when this device is used in aortas smaller than 23 mm diameter to treat an aortic TSXN [2,6]. The mechanism of graft collapse is unclear but this complication has also ...
Can you please tell us also about the most challenging aortic aneurysm case you managed to treat with a total endovascular solution?. A young 34-year-old mother of two children comes to mind. She had open surgery for coarctation of the abdominal aorta at the age of 18. She developed proximal and distal anastomotic aneurysms of Dacron graft from the proximal descending to the infrarenal aorta involving a reimplanted single left kidney. We performed embolisation of the residual descending aortic lumen to avoid endoleak, implanted a tapered thoracic stent graft percutaneously and, four weeks later, staged a custom-made device for the abdominal segment preserving the renal artery using fusion navigation in very short landing zones. Avoiding re-thoracotomy and laparotomy, working percutaneously and discharging this young patient after three days is so persuasive that "endo", even out of instructions for use and without knowing long-term results, is a huge benefit for many patients, both elderly and ...
Duncan DR, Chen PY, Patterson JT, Lee YU, Hibino N, Cleary M, Naito Y, Yi T, Gilliland T, Kurobe H, Church SN, Shinoka T, Fahmy TM, Simons M, Breuer CK. TGFßR1 inhibition blocks the formation of stenosis in tissue-engineered vascular grafts. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Feb 10; 65(5):512-4 ...
A tubular prosthesis is implanted at a target location within a body lumen by transluminally positioning the prosthesis and thereafter radially expanding the prosthesis to conform to an inner wall of the lumen. The prosthesis typically includes a braided tubular body and is typically provided with an everting or other structure for locking the prosthesis in its radially expanded configuration.
SULA-08]A. Sulaiman, Boussel, L., Taconnet, F., Serfaty, J. M., Alsaid, H., Attia, C., Huet, L., et Douek, P., « In vitro non-rigid life-size model of aortic arch aneurysm for endovascular prosthesis assessment. », European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery, vol. 33, nᵒ 1, p. 53-7, 2008. ...
Prof. Giovanni Pratesi outlines the effectiveness of a new-generation device in expanding EVAR applicability using clinical evidence from trials and real-world experience.
Principal Investigator:ENDO Masahiro, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), Section:一般, Research Field:Thoracic surgery
This patent search tool allows you not only to search the PCT database of about 2 million International Applications but also the worldwide patent collections. This search facility features: flexible search syntax; automatic word stemming and relevance ranking; as well as graphical results.
Semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography facilities have been developed, capable of separating up to 100mg of material per injection. Stirred slurry column packing techniques were studied in detail. The effects of packing pressure, slurrying solvent, slurry concentration and the duration of the packing process were examined. The optimised packing technique was successfully used to pack columns of 12.5 to 50cm length and 4.9 to 10.9mm internal diameter. Analytical columns (4.9mm I.D.) were packed to evaluate twenty-two commercially available packing materials on a cost-performance basis. Semi-preparative columns (8.1 or 10.9mm I.D.) were packed with materials which gave either high efficiency or showed high performance to cost benefit. The performance of these columns compares favourably with the best results reported in the literature. The sample injection technique was studied using dye mixtures. Experimental results showed that the valve injection technique implemented the full ...
Ferret Technology was established in 2008 to find an innovative solution for accurately pinpointing leaks on plastic pipes. The companys aim was to develop a robust and reliable way of identifying the exact location and size of leaks on water supply pipes. After several years of research and development Ferret Technology sold its first commercial unit in December 2011. The company has a continuous improvement approach, enabling hydraulic leak location on several types of supply pipe material, copper, lead and a range of uPVC and MDPE, up to 50mm internal diameter.. The Ferret and ancillary equipment will be displayed together with a rolling video of the Ferret in operation.. ...
This set was inspired firstly by a spiral clasp, sold for use with Kumihimo braid, with end caps just the right size to accommodate knitted i-cord (6 mm internal diameter). These are widely available online (search kumihimo swirl clasp). The second inspiration was the yarn. The lovely chalky, pale colours of the Libby Summers chunky yarn, are ideal for spring or summer jewellery ...
Gem gold PVD U shape ear piercing barbell. 1.2mm Gauge (US 16g), 4mm internal diameter. Gold PVD coated highly polished steel U shaped barbell with crystal gems.
Get exceptional Dental Care services from highly experienced & loving pet care professionals in Bloomington, MN. Visit VCA Bloomington Animal Hospital today.
Get exceptional Wellness Exams services from highly experienced & loving pet care professionals in Bloomington, MN. Visit VCA Bloomington Animal Hospital today.
Global Vascular Graft Market: Overview This report on the vascular graft market analyzes the current and future scenario of the global market.
Treatment center listing for Flagstaff Medical Center in Flagstaff, Arizona. Find local drug rehab listings in Flagstaff near Flagstaff Medical Center at TheGoodDrugsGuide.com.
The Zenith® Low Profile AAA Endovascular Graft Clinical Study is a clinical trial approved by US FDA to study the safety and effectiveness of the Zenith® Low Profile AAA Endovascular Graft to treat abdominal aortic, aorto-iliac, and iliac aneurysms. Stanford is currently accepting patients for this trial.. ...
this is mostly qq about alts. to spend your valor that you get from raiding, you need to grind out reps. which to be honest, is stupid. I get a currency from raiding, and I have to do DAILIES just for the RIGHT to spend it? who thought of this crap? my warlock alt has no desire to do any dailies, I do enough of them on my paladin. but, if I want to spend my valor, I have no choice. rep should only be required for VANITY items. valor items should be on their own vendor, cause if I
A stent graft device for implanting in a body lumen, comprising a stent with non-staggered or staggered apexes, said stent comprising a plurality of stent sections, bendable connecting members forming said non-staggered or staggered apexes and connecting each of said stent sections to other stent sections to form a zigzag pattern, wherein said stent is staggerdly sutured to a graft by a plurality of suture knots, and wherein said suture knots and staggered apexes are staggered when said stent sections are crimped, and methods of use thereof.
Neurological in Bloomington on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Physicians & Surgeons, Neurology in Bloomington, MN.
Now £35 (Was £̶4̶9̶) on TripAdvisor: Days Inn Flagstaff - West Route 66, Flagstaff. See 956 traveller reviews, 158 candid photos, and great deals for Days Inn Flagstaff - West Route 66, ranked #46 of 66 hotels in Flagstaff and rated 3 of 5 at TripAdvisor. Prices are calculated as of 08/01/2018 based on a check-in date of 21/01/2018.
A 260°C (500°F) maximum service temperature, 100% Polytetrafluoroethylene coated felt filter bag that incorporates a conductive staple to offer static dissipation in pulse jet style dust collectors with chemically aggressive operating conditions.
The global vascular graft market is growing at significant rate due to rapid growth in geriatric population increasing prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease and increasing prevalence of smoking.
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this Phase I SBIR proposal is to evaluate a novel vascular graft design for use as the arteriovenous (AV) graft component of a new needle-free acc ... ...
Disclosed is a method and apparatus for treating bifurcations of the vascular system, such as abdominal aneurysms at the bifurcation of the aorta and iliac arteries. A tubular implant having a first section, a second section and a magnetic connection therebetween is positioned across the bifurcation such that the proximal ends of the first and second sections extends into a first iliac and a second iliac respectively. Deployment catheters are also disclosed.
The research provides insight into the various aspects covering various market dynamics, competitive analysis and revenue forecasts for the AAA stent grafts market
Table of Contents for Europe Stent Grafts Market by Manufacturers, Countries, Type and Application, Forecast to 2022 by Global Info Research Available at market-research-reports.com.
Thereâ s no other smile quite like yours. Let the team of experienced professionals at Bloomington Modern Dentistry bring out its best with high-quality, personalized dental care. Relax in a comfortable setting and enjoy the stunning resul
Search thousands of listings to find the best deal on a used Volkswagen Beetle in and around Bloomington, IL. Our market analyzer software will flag the best savings on a used car.
The latest trends and statistics to help you find the top accredited counseling programs in Bloomington, Indiana. Insight on students, faculty and counseling professional salaries.
The Solaris is a self-expanding endograft, comprised of an electrospinning PTFE membrane encapsulating a Nitinol stent structure.
2018 Flagstaff V-Lite 30WRLIKS available at Greeneway RV Sales and Service. FLAGSTAFF V-LITE Laminated Aluminum FrameRadius Roof/Vaulted CeilingVinyl/Rubber Composite RoofingTorsion AxleOutside ShowerFloor Ducted Furnace55 Amp Converter w/Charger12V LED LightingEntertainment SystemDay/Night ShadesAluminum Bed/Dinette FramesLarge Gas/Elec RefrigeratorRange w/Glass CoverUnder Mount Stonecast SinkBathroom SkylightPower VentPorcelain Toilet
2018 Flagstaff V-Lite 30WRLIKS available at Greeneway RV Sales and Service. FLAGSTAFF V-LITE Laminated Aluminum FrameRadius Roof/Vaulted CeilingVinyl/Rubber Composite RoofingTorsion AxleOutside ShowerFloor Ducted Furnace55 Amp Converter w/Charger12V LED LightingEntertainment SystemDay/Night ShadesAluminum Bed/Dinette FramesLarge Gas/Elec RefrigeratorRange w/Glass CoverUnder Mount Stonecast SinkBathroom SkylightPower VentPorcelain Toilet
Get the Flagstaff morning weather forecast for today, tomorrow and 15 days including the morning high temperature, RealFeel and chance of precipitation for Flagstaff, AZ 86001 from AccuWeather.com
Internal Blu-ray Reader + Superdrive for imac & mac mini - LG 6X 12.7mm Internal Blu-Ray Reader & DVD/CD Writer Mac / PC / Blu-ray Reader / CD & DVD Multi Recorder Add Blu-r...
Scalable engineered blood vessels would improve clinical applicability. Using easily sizable 3D-printed guides, rings of vascular...
shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig shunt. SVC to the right ... Many other types of prostheses are used.. *creation of a stoma, a permanent or semi-permanent opening in the body ... Blood or blood expanders may be administered to compensate for blood lost during surgery. Once the procedure is complete, ... shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle to aorta Rastelli ...
Blood vessels may be clamped or cauterized to prevent bleeding, and retractors may be used to expose the site or keep the ... Many other types of prostheses are used. creation of a stoma, a permanent or semi-permanent opening in the body in transplant ... or diseased tissue Blood or blood expanders may be administered to compensate for blood lost during surgery. Once the procedure ... ligation - tying off blood vessels, ducts, or "tubes". grafts - may be severed pieces of tissue cut from the same (or different ...
... it is perfused by different blood vessels. The superficial epigastric vessels branch off the common femoral vessels in the ... without the emplacement of a breast implant prosthesis. As a type of plastic surgery, the free-flap procedure for breast ... The vessels are routinely anastomosed to the internal mammary vessels, instead of to the thoraco-dorsal vessels in the axilla, ... and one or more perforator vessels of the deep inferior epigastric blood-vessel system. During the harvesting of the DIEAP flap ...
Because blood clots do not easily form on it, it is often advisable to line a blood-contacting prosthesis with this material in ... Blood vessel stents, by contrast, are often lined with a polymer that has heparin as a pendant group, relying on drug action to ... Prosthetic heart valves Radial head prosthesis It is also used in automotive industries where a desired amount of friction is ... and in biomedical prostheses. Pyrolytic carbon samples usually have a single cleavage plane, similar to mica, because the ...
... and blood vessels of the eyelid has occurred. More severe injuries require reconstruction, however, this usually results in ... The ear can also be reconstructed with cartilage and skin grafts or an external ear prosthesis can be made by an ...
... for eye surgery Bone cement Artificial ligaments and tendons Dental implants for tooth fixation Blood vessel prostheses Heart ... The mechanics involve two semicircular discs moving back and forth, with both allowing the flow of blood as well as the ability ... Modern medical devices and prostheses are often made of more than one material-so it might not always be sufficient to talk ...
The vascularization, the entrance of the blood vessels to the muscle tissues, occurs at the anterior (front) face of the muscle ... Therefore, to create an implant-pocket, either for a gluteal prosthesis or for lipoinjection, a low-angle muscle-dissection is ... As the arteries and the veins enter the mass of the gluteal muscle, they divide into narrower blood-vessel ramifications ( ... of the gluteus maximus muscle by carefully separating the muscle fibres to avoid severing the pertinent blood vessels, which ...
Areas of investigation include transplantation, angiogenesis (blood vessel development), stem cells, and dry eye disease. In ... drug delivery and ocular prostheses. Dr. Dana's research is supported by several federal grants among others. "If I Had - Dry ...
... blood vessel prosthesis MeSH E07.695.120 --- bone nails MeSH E07.695.125 --- bone plates MeSH E07.695.130 --- bone screws MeSH ... joint prosthesis MeSH E07.695.400.400 --- hip prosthesis MeSH E07.695.400.410 --- knee prosthesis MeSH E07.695.450 --- larynx, ... ossicular prosthesis MeSH E07.695.610 --- penile prosthesis MeSH E07.695.750 --- stents MeSH E07.695.800 --- tissue expanders ... dental prosthesis MeSH E07.695.190.175 --- dental abutments MeSH E07.695.190.180 --- dental clasps MeSH E07.695.190.185 --- ...
Until this invention, the available replacement blood vessels were stiff, woven, and not sufficiently porous. The Golaski graft ... was an American Mechanical-Bio-Medical Engineer best known for developing Dense Knit Dacron Vascular Prostheses, which were the ... first practical artificial blood vessel replacements. Golaski died near Philadelphia in 1996 at the age of 83. Golaski was born ...
... blood vessel prosthesis implantation MeSH E04.650.210 --- breast implantation MeSH E04.650.220 --- cochlear implantation MeSH ... blood vessel prosthesis implantation MeSH E04.100.814.300 --- cerebral revascularization MeSH E04.100.814.445 --- embolectomy ... maxillofacial prosthesis implantation MeSH E04.545.510.500 --- mandibular prosthesis implantation MeSH E04.545.550 --- oral ... maxillofacial prosthesis implantation MeSH E04.650.510.500 --- mandibular prosthesis implantation MeSH E04.650.600 --- ...
... from the globe Rotate and elevate the globe Open Tenon's capsule to visualize optic nerve Cauterize necessary blood vessels ... An ocular prosthesis does not provide vision; this would be a visual prosthesis. Someone with an ocular prosthesis is totally ... A few ocular prostheses today are made of cryolite glass. A variant of the ocular prosthesis is a very thin hard shell known as ... An ocular prosthesis, artificial eye or glass eye is a type of craniofacial prosthesis that replaces an absent natural eye ...
With pore sizes exceeding 75 micrometers, fibroblasts, blood vessels, and collagen fibers are permitted through as part of ... This stiffens the prosthesis and results in a more pronounced inflammatory response, which complicates integration into the ... A minimal response includes the formation of fibrosis around the prosthesis (much like in scar tissue formation); this response ... The surgery can be performed laparoscopic (internally) or open with a variety of materials available for prosthesis. ...
Clots formed by red blood cell (RBC) and platelet damage can block up blood vessels and lead to very serious consequences. ... This is a measure of how much the prosthesis impedes blood flow through the valve. A higher EOA corresponds to a smaller energy ... Their main purpose is to maintain unimpeded forward flow through the heart and from the heart into the major blood vessels ... Only a small amount of blood thinner is needed to be taken by the patient each day in order to prevent clotting of the blood ...
Damage to blood vessels. Infection, either Superficial or Deep Dislocation Dislocation Persistent pain; Loss of range of motion ... The prosthesis may need to be replaced due to complications such as infection or prosthetic fracture. Replacement may be done ... Cross match of blood is routine also, as a high percentage of patients receive a blood transfusion. Pre-operative planning ... Alternatively, an initial surgery may be performed to remove previous prosthetic material, and the new prosthesis is then ...
Velpeau hernia: a hernia in the groin in front of the femoral blood vessels The benefits of the use of an external device to ... Muscle reinforcement techniques often involve synthetic materials (a mesh prosthesis). The mesh is placed either over the ... Surgical complications include pain that lasts more than three months, surgical site infections, nerve and blood vessel ... The main concern is strangulation, where the blood supply to part of the bowel is blocked. This usually produces severe pain ...
In humans and other mammals, a leg includes the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, nerves, and skin. In insects ... A prosthetic leg, a Prosthesis, is an artificial leg that is used to replace one that has been lost. "Studies in the Mechanics ...
Blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves (all supplying the mucosa) will run through here. Tiny parasympathetic ganglia are ... October 2006). "Biologic prosthesis reduces recurrence after laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair: a multicenter, ...
angio- : related to blood vessel. *arthr- : related to a joint. *bi- : two ... plasty : to modify or reshape (sometimes entails replacement with a prosthesis). *-rrhaphy : to strengthen, usually with suture ...
This occurs when there is damage to the blood vessel and a clot begins to form. The formation of the fibrin strands in the ... The force from the blood flow over the high pressure gradient from the prosthesis leads to fragmentation of red cells, and ... The red blood cells get trapped in the fibrin strands and the sheer force of the blood flow causes the red blood cell to break ... There is usually no change in deformability, but their lifespan is lower than that of a normal red blood cell (120 days). This ...
... induced coagulation is similar to the coagulation process done within the body to prevent blood loss from damaged blood vessels ... nose prosthesis, ocular prosthesis, and injectable filler. Other types of organ dysfunction can occur in the systems of the ... The inflow of blood causes the tissue to become swollen and may cause cell death. The excess blood, or edema, can activate pain ... Late infections are caused by dormant blood-borne bacteria attached to the implant prior to implantation. The blood-borne ...
... the attentuation of blood vessels in the retina. Non-syndromic RP usually presents a variety of the following symptoms: Night ... A visual prosthesis may be an option in certain people with severe disease. It is estimated to affect 1 in 4,000 people. Onset ... The Argus retinal prosthesis became the first approved treatment for the disease in February 2011, and is currently available ... and therefore markedly reduced expression of all Kell red blood cell antigens. For transfusion purposes these patients are ...
This is from both a higher rate of blood flow and an expansion of blood vessels. The blood-flow change is localized to within 2 ... bite bars may also discomfort those with dental prostheses.[51] ... in that brain area's blood vessels. This changes the magnetic ... This, in turn, releases nitric oxide at the contact point of astrocytes and intermediate-sized blood vessels, the arterioles. ... The vascular arterial system supplying fresh blood branches into smaller and smaller vessels as it enters the brain surface and ...
... the vessels are tunnelled beneath the skin surface to the new site) or it may be cut off and new blood supply may be connected. ... Ideally, a prosthesis is made around the time of the mastectomy and it can be used just weeks after the surgery.[citation ... A nipple prosthesis can be used to restore the appearance of the reconstructed breast. Impressions can be made and photographs ... It can be moved into the breast defect while still attached to its blood supply under the arm pit (axilla). A latissimus flap ...
Potential surgical problems include maintaining the blood supply. If vessels cannot be stretched into the scrotum, or are ... Testicular prostheses are saline-filled plastic ovoids implanted in the scrotum. They have no function except to provide the ... with blood vessels, from an abdominal or inguinal position to the scrotum. If the inguinal canal is open it must be closed to ... Prostheses made of silastic are no longer available due to safety and perception-of-safety concerns. Potential surgical ...
Cuba cannot use its own merchant fleet for transporting these goods, but has to make use of vessels from third countries, ... In 2007, Cuba announced that it has undertaken computerizing and creating national networks in blood banks, nephrology and ... "Patients pay for drugs, hearing, dental, and orthopedic prostheses, wheelchairs, crutches, and similar items but prices are low ...
More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including cardiac biomechanics, the mechanics of blood vessels, cochlear ... and visual prostheses. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications ...
blood vessel prosthesis*stents*prosthesis design*reoperation*aortic rupture*vascular patency*aortic diseases*risk assessment*x ... blood vessel prosthesis implantation. Summary. Summary: Surgical insertion of synthetic or biological material to repair ... Vascular smooth muscle enhances functionality of tissue-engineered blood vessels in vivo. Lucas P Neff. Wake Forest Institute ... Vascular smooth muscle enhances functionality of tissue-engineered blood vessels in vivo. Lucas P Neff. Wake Forest Institute ...
The outer layer of the blood vessel prosthesis is preferably formed by freeze drying a dispersion of the bioreplaceable ... The disclosed blood vessel prosthesis is a multilayer structure with each layer having a porosity and other physicochemical and ... extrusion molding are two processes which are particularly useful for forming the inner layer of the blood vessel prosthesis. ... mechanical characteristics selected to maximize the effectiveness of the blood vessel. The prosthesis functions initially as a ...
A cooling system (1) for use in a non-invasive medical cooling process to cool at least one portion of the body of a person (2) by means of a cooling fluid flowing through a cooling pad (3), comprising a first pump 70, a fluid outlet con ...
An apparatus for constricting blood flow and for providing vibratory stimulus to address erectile dysfunction. One ...
The Medical Acronym /Abbreviation/Slang BVP means blood vessel prosthesis. by AcronymAndSlang.com ... BVP stands for "blood vessel prosthesis". Q: A: How to abbreviate "blood vessel prosthesis"?. "blood vessel prosthesis" can be ... "blood vessel prosthesis". Q: A: What is shorthand of blood vessel prosthesis?. The most common shorthand of "blood vessel ... blood vessel prosthesis can be abbreviated as BVP. BVP - blood vessel prosthesis in Medical by AcronymsAndSlang.com. Image ...
An endoluminal prosthesis for implantation within a body lumen to maintain luminal patency, including a support structure and a ... Blood vessel prosthesis. US4482516. Sep 10, 1982. Nov 13, 1984. W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.. Process for producing a high ... Graft stent and method of repairing blood vessels. US5084065. Jul 10, 1989. Jan 28, 1992. Corvita Corporation. Reinforced graft ... Vascular prosthesis, manufacturing method of the same, and substrate for vascular prosthesis. ...
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie is exhibiting the product Artificial Blood Vessels for Cancer Rese at HANNOVER MESSE from ... Long-life prostheses and implants Artificial joints or anchorages for implants in dental medicine usually consist of metals. ... Cancer cells migrate into the blood, penetrate the walls of finest blood vessels, and form secondary tumors in other organs. ... For understanding the processes in blood vessels, however, it is important to also consider blood flow. At the Institute of ...
... when the prosthesis is in the implanted diameter within a vessel. The throughholes are configured to facilitate neointimal cell ... Preferably, the prosthesis is self expandable under the radially outwardly directed spring bias of the rolled sheet. The ... The prosthesis may be used as a graft or a stent. ... to minimize roll bias in the prosthesis as it is expanded from ... perforations in the sheet are configured to provide throughholes in the wall of the multilayer prosthesis, ...
A first strand material is a metal strand that structurally defines the tubular shape of the prosthesis and maintains the shape ... A second strand material is a predetermined substance selected to provide desired characteristics to the wall of the prosthesis ... A tubular prosthesis including a tubular wall portion of loosely interlocked pattern, e.g. of knitted loops, constructed to ... Compliant blood vessel graft. US20080039779 *. Aug 9, 2007. Feb 14, 2008. Searete Llc. System with a reservoir for perfusion ...
ARTERIAL PROSTHESIS (I.E., BLOOD VESSEL). 1.11. . Stent combined with surgical delivery system (e.g., surgical tools, delivery ... Having enclosed rotary member for directly impelling blood flow. 3.14. . . Blood flow along electromagnetic section of stator ... With means to attach graft to natural blood vessel (e.g., hooks, etc.). ... CORPOREAL ARTIFICIAL HEART, HEART ASSIST (E.G., IMPLANTABLE BLOOD PUMP, ETC.), CONTROL REGULATOR, OR POWER SUPPLY THEREFOR, OR ...
The prosthesis is formed of a biologically compatible, flexible layer of repair fabric suitable for reinforcing tissue or ... while limiting the incidence of postoperative adhesions between a portion of the prosthesis and tissue or organs. ... An implantable prosthesis and a method of repairing an anatomical defect, such as a tissue or muscle wall defect, by promoting ... Blood vessel patch. US5110527. 15 Jun 1990. 5 May 1992. Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd.. Polytetrafluoroethylene porous ...
The tube serves as a conduit for blood flow in an aneurysm of an aorta. First end of the lines are connected to a first end of ... Blood vessel graft and graft introducer. US6719781 *. 24 Dec 1999. 13 Apr 2004. Aptus Medical Inc.. Catheter apparatus having ... Branch vessel prosthesis with anchoring device and method. US20050171597 *. 8 Nov 2004. 4 Aug 2005. Boatman Scott E.. Helical ... Flareable branch vessel prosthesis and method. US8303669. 13 Sep 2010. 6 Nov 2012. Gi Dynamics, Inc.. Methods and apparatus for ...
... through intravenous blood bags to heart valves, and many more. ... Unblocking blood vessels. In the latest heart surgery, thin ... Prosthesis. Plastics are now being used as orthopaedic devices, where they align, support or correct deformities. they can even ... are used to unblock blood vessels, while deposits obstructing them can be broken down with a tiny spiral-shaped implant - a ... An affected section of the aorta is removed and the gap is bridged by a flexible plastic prosthesis. Thanks to this, the bodys ...
The bioengineered graft prostheses of the invention are prepared using methods that preserve cell compatibility, strength, and ... The bioengineered graft prostheses are used for implantation, repair, or for use in a mammalian host. ... The invention is directed to bioengineered graft prostheses made from two or more superimposed, chemically bonded layers of ... Multilayer bioreplaceable blood vessel prosthesis. US4902290. 29 Jul 1988. 20 Feb 1990. B. Braun-Ssc Ag. Process for the ...
New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood Vessels. Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real- ...
Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real-world Tasks. New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood ...
New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood Vessels. Impact of Diabetic Foot Ulcers Worse Than Previously ...
New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood Vessels. Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real- ... Up to 30 per cent of Australians suffer from metabolic syndrome, that is a combination of high blood pressure, high glucose and ...
New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood Vessels. Impact of Diabetic Foot Ulcers Worse Than Previously ...
Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real-world Tasks. New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood ... Hematuria, or blood in the urine, adds a "considerable" and "substantial" economic burden on already strained hospital ...
New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood Vessels. Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real- ...
... why people with a hereditary mutation of the red blood pigment haemoglobin, do not contract severe malaria? ... As a result, the infected blood cells do not adhere to the vessel walls, as is usually the case for this type of malaria. In ... Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real-world Tasks. New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood ... Within the red blood cells infected by the malaria parasite, it blocks the establishment of a trafficking system used by the ...
Vellore has earned the distinction of recently conducting a successful kidney transplantation across major blood group ... New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood Vessels. Greater Pressure Drops in Hypertensive Patients Lowers ... Prosthesis Should Adapt Device Settings to Suit Real-world Tasks. Reversing Negative Effects of Maternal Obesity on Process. ... Stem Cells - Cord Blood. Encyclopedia section of medindia gives general info about Cord Blood ...
Neonatal hypoglycemia is defined as a blood sugar level of <30-45 mg/dL in a newborn. The hypoglycemia in newborns could result ... New Scientific Statement Examines Effect of Diabetes on Blood Vessels. Reversing Negative Effects of Maternal Obesity on ... Quiz on Blood sugar. Take this 10 question knowledge quiz on blood sugar - the main source of energy for the trillions of cells ... 4. Blood Transfusion with blood that has low glucose content and the baby is not given additional glucose.. 5. Defects in ...
  • This is a type of specialized brain and body scan used to map neural activity in the brain or spinal cord of humans or other animals by imaging the change in blood flow (hemodynamic response) related to energy use by brain cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prosthesis may be used as a graft or a stent. (google.com)
  • An intravascular stent having a prefabricated, patterned polymeric sleeve for controlled release of therapeutic drugs and for delivery of the therapeutic drugs in localized drug therapy in a blood vessel is disclosed. (google.co.uk)
  • The stent has a high degree of flexibility in the longitudinal direction, yet has adequate vessel wall coverage and radial strength sufficient to hold open an artery or other body lumen. (google.co.uk)
  • In either case, when the stent is adjacent to a treatment site within the body, the sheath is retracted proximally to expose the stent for radial expansion into contact with the vessel wall. (google.com)
  • wherein the stent degrades from its surface inwardly when subjected to blood flow, such that bulk erosion is effectively precluded. (google.com.au)
  • A stent can be moved along a guide wire previously positioned in the vessel and then expanded by the inflation of a balloon about which such stent is disposed. (google.com.au)
  • It has been found that the continued exposure of a stent to blood can lead to undesirable thrombus formation, and the presence of a stent in a blood vessel can over time cause the blood vessel wall to weaken, which creates the potential for an arterial rupture or the formation of aneurisms. (google.com.au)
  • 12. An implantable graft/stent composite prosthesis of claim 11 wherein said elongate strut is secured to said graft at spaced-apart locations therealong. (google.ca)
  • The placement of a rigid stent within an elastic vessel produces wave reflection sites at the entrance to and exit from the stent. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The net haemodynamic effects of these reflections depend critically on the degree of stiffness of the stent and on its length and position within the diseased vessel, variables that have been found to affect the clinical performance of a stent. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The results indicate that the presence of the stent within the larger diseased vessel has the effect of producing higher pressure at the vessel entrance than that at exit. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This pressure difference, when superimposed on the underlying pressure distribution within the vessel, has the net effect of actually aiding rather than impeding the flow, but the extent of this depends on the length and position of the stent. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A short stent placed near the entrance of the diseased vessel may be favoured clinically for producing the least perturbation in the underlying haemodynamics and thus reducing the chance of restenosis, while a long stent placed near the exit may be favoured for producing a positive pressure difference and thus aiding the flow. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Extensive surgical debridement along with pseudoaneurysm excision was accomplished successfully in all 6 patients 1-3 days after stent-graft placement under local anesthesia, without the need for extended vessel exposure for proximal and distal control. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In addition, the luminal prostheses of the present invention have sufficient flexibility to bend and articulate so as to substantially conform to a tortuous body lumen at the target site, which enhances the post-deployment performance of the stent. (google.com)
  • 7. The method of claim 1 wherein the prosthesis comprises groups of three rigid connecting structures extending between adjoining stent frames and uniformly spaced around the circumference of the stent frames. (google.com)
  • engaging the luminal wall with one or more anchor members of the stent frames to secure the prosthesis to the luminal wall. (google.com)
  • In the stented population, smaller vessel size was associated with a higher stent:vessel ratio, a greater relative gain and a greater subsequent loss index, and a higher risk of adverse cardiac events. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Logistic regression indicated that decreasing vessel size (as a continous variable) was associated with an increasing risk of a cardiac event for both the stent and balloon angioplasty populations. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Flexible balloon-expanded stent for small vessels. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS) Junior stent is dedicated for endovascular treatment of wide-neck intracranial aneurysms located on small-diameter vessels (2-3.5 mm). (nih.gov)
  • The LVIS Junior stent appears safe and effective for endovascular treatment of wide-neck intracranial aneurysms located on small vessels. (nih.gov)
  • According to a report by the public services watchdog, the hospitals in Scotland are failing to properly diagnose the clinical presentations of patients with potentially fatal condition known as 'Deep vein thrombosis' (DVT), wherein a blood clot develops in the vein, usually in the leg. (medindia.net)
  • The ascending aortic diameter decreased on average with 38% after 40% blood loss (range 24-62%, p = 0.018), the descending thoracic aorta with 32% (range 18-52%, p = 0.018) and the abdominal aorta with 28% (range 15-39%, p = 0.018). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Despite the extent of aneurysmal lesions and high frequency of association with visceral and supraaortic vessel lesions, the outcome of surgery in patients presenting with descending thoracic or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in association with Takayasu disease was satisfactory. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Thus, for example, for a couple of years there have been tested substitutes for various blood vessels where in case of an aneuryism, or forcedly interrupted blood circulation (caused e.g. by a limb trauma) it is necessary to renew the blood circulation through the affected aorta or artery, especially the thoracic or abdominal aortae as well as arteries of the limbs. (google.ca)
  • Once the TRAM free flap is transposed to the woman's chest, the epigastric blood vessels are anastomosed (connected) to the internal thoracic vein to maintain the tissue viability of the reconstructed breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can lead to inadequate blood supply to the spinal cord, resulting in paraplegia, when repairing thoracic aneurysms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aneurysm sac 'thrombization' and stabilization in EVAR: a technique to reduce the risk of type II en. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Surgical insertion of synthetic or biological material to repair injured or diseased blood vessels. (labome.org)
  • Taken together, these results suggest that this novel technique can produce completely biological vessels fulfilling the fundamental requirements for grafting: high burst strength, positive surgical handling, and a functional endothelium. (nih.gov)
  • Combined surgical and endovascular repair of complex aortic pathologies with a new hybrid prosthesis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In addition, Dr. Dana has active collaborations in the field of bioengineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Northeastern University for applications in surgical adhesives, drug delivery and ocular prostheses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some pathologies may require complete surgical replacement of the natural heart valve with a heart valve prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent decades, the most successful and common form of arthroplasty is the surgical replacement of a joint or joint surface with a prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apicoaortic Conduit (AAC), also known as Aortic Valve Bypass (AVB), is a cardiothoracic surgical procedure that alleviates symptoms caused by blood flow obstruction from the left ventricle of the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using adult human fibroblasts extracted from skin biopsies harvested from individuals with advanced cardiovascular disease, we constructed tissue-engineered blood vessels (TEBVs) that serve as arterial bypass grafts in long-term animal models. (nih.gov)
  • overall, the operative blood loss for grafts sealed with FG was 14 +/- 6 (mean +/- standard error of the mean) vs 99 +/- 27 ml/min for those sealed with OC (p less than 0.001). (biomedsearch.com)
  • The ear can also be reconstructed with cartilage and skin grafts or an external ear prosthesis can be made by an anaplastologist. (wikipedia.org)
  • For these types of grafts, extraction of the part of the periosteum and accompanying blood vessels along with donor bone is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • A tubular prosthesis including a tubular wall portion of loosely interlocked pattern, e.g. of knitted loops, constructed to function within a body lumen. (google.com)
  • A first strand material is a metal strand that structurally defines the tubular shape of the prosthesis and maintains the shape when positioned in the lumen. (google.com)
  • 1. A prosthesis, comprising a tubular member constructed to function within a body lumen, said tubular member comprising a metal strand defining a regular pattern of openings, and a second strand made of a different material than said metal strand, said metal strand and said second strand being loosely interconnected to form a tubular wall. (google.com)
  • 18. A method for making a prosthesis including a tubular member constructed to function in a body lumen, the method including combining a metal strand and a second strand different from said metal strand to form a tubular wall for said tubular member. (google.com)
  • 21. A method for making a prosthesis having a tubular shape and constructed to function in a body lumen, the method comprising co-knitting a first strand of material and a second strand of material different from said first strand of material. (google.com)
  • 23. The prosthesis of claim 1 or 15 further comprising an anchoring end portion formed of said metal strand material and adapted to make contact with the wall of said body lumen to maintain the axial position of said prosthesis in said body lumen. (google.com)
  • In another aspect of the invention, methods and apparatus are provided for securing luminal prostheses to the luminal walls at a target site within an anatomical lumen. (google.com)
  • Modular sections of the prostheses, or "prosthetic modules," may be selectively assembled to form a prosthesis having characteristics which are tailored to the specific requirements of the patient, including branch angle and branch lumen sizes which match the patients vascular geometry. (google.com)
  • Radiopaque markers on the prostheses promote alignment between prosthetic modules and with the body lumen system. (google.com)
  • A method for revascularizing a coronary vessel using an implant with a myocardial. (google.ca)
  • A method for revascularizing a coronary vessel using an implant with a myocardial leg having a maximum cross-sectional area proximate a first end, and inserting the first end through the myocardium into a heart chamber so that the implant directs blood flow into the coronary vessel. (google.ca)
  • A transmyocardial implant with a myocardial leg including point of minimum diameter and a first end with a larger diameter, and a vessel leg in fluid communication with the myocardial leg. (google.ca)
  • In the latest heart surgery, thin tubes (catheters) are used to unblock blood vessels, while deposits obstructing them can be broken down with a tiny spiral-shaped implant - a vessel support. (plasticseurope.org)
  • Free-flap breast reconstruction is a type of autologous-tissue breast reconstruction applied after mastectomy for breast cancer, without the emplacement of a breast implant prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical advantage of the free-flap breast reconstruction procedure is avoidance of the medical complications-infection, malposition of the breast implant(s), capsular contracture-which occasionally occur consequent to breast-reconstruction surgery procedures that emplace breast prostheses to the mastectomy wounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prosthesis fits over an orbital implant and under the eyelids. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a breast-reconstruction procedure, within a multi-stage reconstruction-mammoplasty, a tissue expander (a temporary breast-implant device) is emplaced and used to prepare (shape and enlarge) the recipient site (implant-pocket) to receive and accommodate the breast implant prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study In vitro Deflation of Pre-filled Saline Breast Implants (2006) reported that the rates of deflation (filler leakage) of the pre-filled saline breast implant made it a second-choice prosthesis for corrective breast surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonetheless, in the 1990s, the saline breast implant was the prosthesis usual for breast augmentation surgery, because of the U.S. FDA's restriction against the importation of silicone-filled breast implants. (wikipedia.org)
  • A removable implant supported denture (also an implant supported overdenture) is a type of dental prosthesis which is not permanently fixed in place. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dental prosthesis can be disconnected from the implant abutments with finger pressure by the wearer. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. An endoluminal prosthesis, comprising an elongate support wire member joined alone an entire length thereof to at least one surface of a strip of polymer cladding, the joined support wire member and polymer cladding being helically wrapped into an open cylindrical structure such that adjacent windings of the polymer cladding have overlapping regions that are bonded to one another forming said prosthesis. (google.com)
  • 1. An endoluminal prosthesis comprising an elongate support wire member joined along its length to an elongate planar expanded polytetrafluoroethylene film member, the joined support wire member and planar expanded polytetrafluoroethylene film member being helically wound into an open cylindrical configuration with adjacent windings forming overlapping regions of the expanded polytetrafluoroethylene film member bonded to one another. (google.ca)
  • Occurrence in an individual results in various abnormalities to the face, limbs, ears, nose, vessels and many other underdevelopments. (wikipedia.org)
  • causing vomiting and migraines An abnormally shaped uterus (bicornuate) Inability to clot blood efficiently due to a low amount of platelets running through the blood Malformations in the kidney and heart Shortened neck Abnormalities in the urethra When an individual is born with phocomelia due to drugs or pharmaceuticals, it is known as thalidomide syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the disease progresses, neuronal dysfunction correlates closely with the developmooent of blood vessel abnormalities, such as capillary basement membrane thickening and endothelial hyperplasia, which contribute to diminished oxygen tension and hypoxia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacteremia is clinically distinct from sepsis, which is a condition where the blood stream infection is associated with an inflammatory response from the body, often causing abnormalities in body temperature, heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, and white blood cell count. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disclosed is a tubular prosthesis formed by rolling a perforated sheet around a longitudinal axis. (google.com)
  • the first, second, and third groups of apertures arranged on the sheet such that when the sheet is wrapped about an axis through at least about three revolutions to form a tubular prosthesis, apertures from the first, second, and third groups align to produce a plurality of ports extending through the side wall of the prosthesis. (google.com)
  • An implantable prosthesis and a method of repairing an anatomical defect, such as a tissue or muscle wall defect, by promoting tissue growth thereto, while limiting the incidence of postoperative adhesions between a portion of the prosthesis and tissue or organs. (google.es)
  • As a type of plastic surgery, the free-flap procedure for breast reconstruction employs tissues, harvested from another part of the woman's body, to create a vascularised flap, which is equipped with its own blood vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The division of the superior epigastric blood supply, by a previous surgery, precludes a pedicled TRAM flap as the feasible method for breast reconstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The surgery can be performed laparoscopic (internally) or open with a variety of materials available for prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the balloon angioplasty population small vessel size conveyed an increased requirement for revascularization but did not increase the risk of procedural failure or myocardial infarction during follow-up. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Modular sections of the prostheses, or "prosthetic modules," may be selectively assembled to form a prosthesis. (google.com)
  • Prosthetic heart valves Radial head prosthesis It is also used in automotive industries where a desired amount of friction is required between two components Highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) is used as the dispersive element in HOPG spectrometers which are used for X-ray spectrometry. (wikipedia.org)
  • A prosthetic leg, a Prosthesis, is an artificial leg that is used to replace one that has been lost. (wikipedia.org)
  • The thrombi may dislodge and may travel anywhere in the circulatory system, where they may lead to pulmonary embolus, an acute arterial occlusion causing the oxygen and blood supply distal to the embolus to decrease suddenly. (wikipedia.org)
  • placing a conduit in a heart wall between a heart chamber and the coronary vessel so that a blood flow path directly between the heart chamber and a posterior of the coronary vessel remains open during both systole and diastole. (google.ca)
  • Tissue heart valves, in contrast, do not require the use of anticoagulant drugs due to the improved blood flow dynamics resulting in less red cell damage and hence less clot formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This occurs when there is damage to the blood vessel and a clot begins to form. (wikipedia.org)
  • The formation of the fibrin strands in the vessels occurs as part of the clot formation process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The degree and extent of symptoms depend on the size and location of the obstruction, the occurrence of clot fragmentation with embolism to smaller vessels, and the degree of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes of the reduced blood flow can include changes in the systemic circulation (e.g. low blood pressure) or local factors such as constriction of blood vessels or a blood clot. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mechanically challenged tissue-engineered organs, such as blood vessels, traditionally relied on synthetic or modified biological materials for structural support. (nih.gov)
  • Anemia vasoconstricts the periphery so that red blood cells can work internally on vital organs such as the heart, brain, etc., thus causing lack of oxygen to the periphery. (wikipedia.org)