Biological actions and events that support the functions of the BLOOD.
Organic compounds containing the -CO-NH2 radical. Amides are derived from acids by replacement of -OH by -NH2 or from ammonia by the replacement of H by an acyl group. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.
A technique to self-regulate brain activities provided as a feedback in order to better control or enhance one's own performance, control or function. This is done by trying to bring brain activities into a range associated with a desired brain function or status.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.
A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Circadian rhythm signaling proteins that influence circadian clock by interacting with other circadian regulatory proteins and transporting them into the CELL NUCLEUS.
A databank established by the Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 authorizing the Department of Health and Human Services to collect and release information on the professional competence and conduct of physicians, dentists, nurses, and other health care practitioners. The data include adverse actions on physicians' malpractice, licensure, hospital privileges, concealing of pertinent information, and the like.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
Regulations or conditions imposed on employees by management in order to correct or prevent behaviors which are counterproductive to the organization.
Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.
Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.
Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Techniques for measuring blood pressure.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
Method for measuring viral infectivity and multiplication in CULTURED CELLS. Clear lysed areas or plaques develop as the VIRAL PARTICLES are released from the infected cells during incubation. With some VIRUSES, the cells are killed by a cytopathic effect; with others, the infected cells are not killed but can be detected by their hemadsorptive ability. Sometimes the plaque cells contain VIRAL ANTIGENS which can be measured by IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE.
Lesions formed within the walls of ARTERIES.
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION).
Large, transmembrane, non-covalently linked glycoproteins (alpha and beta). Both chains can be polymorphic although there is more structural variation in the beta chains. The class II antigens in humans are called HLA-D ANTIGENS and are coded by a gene on chromosome 6. In mice, two genes named IA and IE on chromosome 17 code for the H-2 antigens. The antigens are found on B-lymphocytes, macrophages, epidermal cells, and sperm and are thought to mediate the competence of and cellular cooperation in the immune response. The term IA antigens used to refer only to the proteins encoded by the IA genes in the mouse, but is now used as a generic term for any class II histocompatibility antigen.
A lysosomal papain-related cysteine proteinase that is expressed in a broad variety of cell types.
Membrane antigens associated with maturation stages of B-lymphocytes, often expressed in tumors of B-cell origin.
The process by which antigen is presented to lymphocytes in a form they can recognize. This is performed by antigen presenting cells (APCs). Some antigens require processing before they can be recognized. Antigen processing consists of ingestion and partial digestion of the antigen by the APC, followed by presentation of fragments on the cell surface. (From Rosen et al., Dictionary of Immunology, 1989)
The cells found in the body fluid circulating throughout the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.

Pathophysiology of pulmonary hypertension in acute lung injury. (1/2)

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Measurement of T1 of human arterial and venous blood at 7T. (2/2)

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There have been given the results of the spectrophotometric examination of the dogs and rats venous and whole blood plasma taken in the process of the peritonitis progressing within the spectral interval λ = 220 - 320 nm (for plasma) and λ = 350 - 610 nm (for the whole blood). It has been defined that D-optical density values in the field of the long-waved maximum of plasma absorption intensity of the venous blood at λ = 280 nm depend upon the intensity of the inflammatory process and also upon the circumstances against the background of which it started to progress. It was found out that the dynamics of D= values changes for λ = 540 (or 570) nm in the process of the peritonitis progressing in case of the whole blood taken from a portal vein is a mirror symmetrical if to compare to the same dynamics for the blood from cava inferior. The defined conformities with regularities may have a diagnostic meaning. It was also found out that the biggest influence upon the dynamics of D-values at λ ...
The BD FACSPresto™ Near-Patient CD4 Counter was developed to expand HIV/AIDS management in resource-limited settings. It measures absolute CD4 counts (AbsCD4), percent CD4 (%CD4), and hemoglobin (Hb) from a single drop of capillary or venous blood in approximately 23 minutes, with throughput of 10 samples per hour. We assessed the performance of the BD FACSPresto system, evaluating accuracy, stability, linearity, precision, and reference intervals using capillary and venous blood at KEMRI/CDC HIV-research laboratory, Kisumu, Kenya, and precision and linearity at BD Biosciences, California, USA ...
Distension of the main pulmonary artery and its bifurcation are known to result in a reflex vasoconstriction and increased respiratory drive; however, these responses are observed at abnormally high distending pressures. In this study we recorded afferent activity from pulmonary arterial baroreceptors to investigate their stimulus-response characteristics and to determine whether they are influenced by physiological changes in intrathoracic pressure. In chloralose-anaesthetized dogs, a cardiopulmonary bypass was established, the pulmonary trunk and its main branches were vascularly isolated and perfused with venous blood at pulstatile pressures designed to simulate the normal pulmonary arterial pressure waveform. Afferent slips of a cervical vagus were dissected and nerve fibres identified that displayed discharge patterns with characteristics expected from pulmonary arterial baroreceptors. Recordings were obtained with (a) chest open (b) chest closed and resealed, and (c) with phasic negative ...
... blood pressure, osmotic equilibrium and pH; the minimum physiological requirement for sodium is 500 milligrams per day. Sodium ... The process may be speeded up by a catalyst. Similar solutions are formed by the heavy divalent alkaline earth metals calcium, ... Lithium is often used in lithium-ion batteries, and lithium oxide can help process silica. Lithium stearate is a thickener and ... Relman, A. S. (1956). "The Physiological Behavior of Rubidium and Cesium in Relation to That of Potassium". The Yale Journal of ...
"Aromatic plants in bird nests as a protection against blood-sucking flying insects?". Behavioural Processes. 56 (2): 113-120. ... Whilst the specific physiological mechanisms by which immunity is produced differ sharply between the individual and society, ... blood-ovary/blood-testes barrier, increased number of immune cells relative to non-reproductive organs) can be compared to the ... effort in social immune responses - physiological and genomic studies have shown that social conditions can lead to a reduction ...
SCFAs are involved in numerous physiological processes promoting health, including:[97] *stabilize blood glucose levels by ... Dietary fibers promote beneficial physiologic effects including laxation, and/or blood cholesterol attenuation, and/or blood ... Regulates blood sugar, which may reduce glucose and insulin levels in diabetic patients and may lower risk of diabetes[1][76] ... Lee YP, Puddey IB, Hodgson JM (April 2008). "Protein, fiber and blood pressure: potential benefit of legumes". Clin Exp ...
SCFAs are involved in numerous physiological processes promoting health, including:[111] *stabilize blood glucose levels by ... Dietary fibers promote beneficial physiologic effects including laxation, and/or blood cholesterol attenuation, and/or blood ... Regulates blood sugar, which may reduce glucose and insulin levels in diabetic patients and may lower risk of diabetes[1][86] ... "Foods that spike a patient's blood glucose are not what you think". American Medical Association. Retrieved 14 October 2020.. ...
... therefore lowering hemoglobin blood levels and producing anemic malnutrition. Additionally, physiological or chronic stress is ... Psychological stress also affects anemia through a process labeled oxidative stress. In moments of high stress, free radicals ... are produced which attack healthy red blood cells, ...
The process is the opposite of vasoconstriction, which is the narrowing of blood vessels. When blood vessels dilate, the flow ... The opposite physiological process is vasoconstriction. These processes are naturally modulated by local paracrine agents from ... Vasodilation occurs in superficial blood vessels of warm-blooded animals when their ambient environment is hot; this process ... decreases blood pressure. The response may be intrinsic (due to local processes in the surrounding tissue) or extrinsic (due to ...
The anterior pituitary regulates several physiological processes, including stress, growth, reproduction, and lactation. Proper ... This is due to the possible confusion with white blood cells, where one may also find basophils and acidophils. Microanatomy of ... Lin, M.T; Ho, L.T; and Uang, W.N. (1983) Effects of anterior pituitary hormones and their releasing hormones physiological and ... At this site, these cells can release substances into small blood vessels that travel directly to the anterior pituitary gland ...
Collectively, hormones regulate many physiological processes. Oxytocin and vasopressin (also called anti-diuretic hormone), the ... The peptides secreted by hypothalamic neuroendocrine neurons into the blood proved to be released also into the brain, and the ... to regulate the physiological processes of the human body. Neuroendocrinology arose from the recognition that the brain, ... These two neuronal systems project axons to the median eminence, where they release their peptides into portal blood vessels ...
Physiological processes are also influenced within the exercise of humor. For example, laughing may reduce muscle tension, ... increase the flow of oxygen to the blood, exercise the cardiovascular region, and produce endorphins in the body. Using humor ... Emotional approach coping is one form of emotion-focused coping in which emotional expression and processing is used to ... Maladaptive techniques are only effective as a short-term rather than long-term coping process. Examples of maladaptive ...
They do a wide range of physiological processes: *stress response,. *immune response, ... regulation of inflammation, carbohydrate metabolism, protein catabolism, blood electrolyte levels, and behavior.[1] ...
During erection, the corpora cavernosa will become engorged with arterial blood, a process called tumescence. This may result ... from any of various physiological stimuli, also known as sexual arousal. The corpus spongiosum is a single tubular structure ... This may also become slightly engorged with blood, but less so than the corpora cavernosa. Erectile tissue is also found in the ... Erectile tissue is tissue in the body with numerous vascular spaces, or cavernous tissue, that may become engorged with blood. ...
... can be both a physiological and pathophysiological process. It becomes pathophysiological ( ... It is located towards the lower-end of the heart and it receives blood from the right atrium and pumps blood into the lungs. ... RVH is also associated with abdominal obesity, elevated fasting blood glucose, high systolic blood pressure, and fractional ... defined as increased blood pressure in the vessels supplying blood to the lungs. PH leads to increased pulmonary artery ...
... vertebrates that do not maintain their body temperature through internal physiological processes. Their metabolic rate is low ... 1 - Internal gills where the blood is reoxygenated. 2 - Point where the blood is depleted of oxygen and returns to the heart ... Various parts of the cerebrum process sensory input, such as smell in the olfactory lobe and sight in the optic lobe, and it is ... Their job is to filter the blood of metabolic waste and transport the urine via ureters to the urinary bladder where it is ...
Angiogenesis is a physiological process involving the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels. Under normal ... Antithrombin has a half-life in blood plasma of around 3 days. The normal antithrombin concentration in human blood plasma is ... Blood. 94 (10): 3388-3396. doi:10.1182/blood.V94.10.3388.422k20_3388_3396. PMID 10552948. Larsson H, Akerud P, Nordling K, Raub ... Blood. 80 (9): 2159-2171. doi:10.1182/blood.V80.9.2159.2159. PMID 1421387. "Thrombate III label" (PDF). Archived from the ...
Bowlby compared this process to physiological homeostasis whereby, for example, blood pressure is kept within limits). The ... Secondly, the cognitive processes organising avoidant behaviour could help direct attention away from the unfulfilled desire ... 23 (Self-Processes and Development). Marvin RS, Britner PA (2008). "Normative Development: The Ontogeny of Attachment". In ... Infants' physiological responses have been measured during the Strange Situation procedure looking at individual differences in ...
... a fracture ultimately heals through physiological processes. The healing process is mainly determined by the periosteum (the ... After bone fracture, blood cells accumulate adjacent to the injury site. Soon after fracture, blood vessels constrict, stopping ... Bone healing, or fracture healing, is a proliferative physiological process in which the body facilitates the repair of a bone ... This process may take a few months to a few years. When the gap between the bone ends is less than 0.01 mm, and ...
... is formed during physiological respiration when oxygen binds to the heme component of the protein hemoglobin in red blood cells ... This process also produces one molecule of carbon monoxide for every molecule of heme degraded.[73] Heme degradation is one of ... Because the reaction is slow, the Hb A1c proportion represents glucose level in blood averaged over the half-life of red blood ... Increased levels of this chemical are detected in the blood if red blood cells are being destroyed more rapidly than usual. ...
Since testosterone controls in part the strength of libido in women, this could be a physiological cause for an increased ... Women's bodies take longer to process alcohol; more precisely, a woman's body often takes one-third longer to eliminate the ... which essentially measures vaginal blood volume. Psychologically, alcohol has also played a role in sexual behavior. It has ... This psychological effect contrasts with the physiological effects measured, but refers back to the loss of inhibitions because ...
Swelling-LTB4 makes the blood vessels more permeable. Plasma leaks out into the connective tissues, and they swell. The process ... Eicosanoids function in diverse physiological systems and pathological processes such as: mounting or inhibiting inflammation, ... blood platelet aggregation; blood clotting; allergic reactions. NSAIDs inhibit its production to reduce incidence of strokes ... and other blood vessels as well as on the kidney's reabsorption of sodium and water, and act to reduce blood pressure and ...
In 1893, he introduced the term "fibrinolysis", to define a process involving the spontaneous dissolution of blood clots. Among ... Dastre specialized in the field of physiological chemistry. He is remembered for his studies of glycosuria and diabetes, as ... "constriction of the body's surface blood vessels is usually accompanied by dilation of vessels of the viscera, and vice versa ... well as for his investigations involving the proteolytic properties of blood. ...
... and biological mediators are types of biomarkers-objective indicators of normal or pathological physiological processes. ... For example, elevated blood pressure has been found to predict cardiovascular disease. Biological mediators reflect short-term ... These processes do not have a sufficient evidence base linking them to clinical endpoints in order be elevated to the class of ... Women's heightened physiological reactions to marital conflict may be due to their relative subordinate position in marriage. ...
Similar to mineralization processes that takes place within rocks, mineralization can also occur under the sea. The rate of ... Acidification of the blood in these species also results in weakened metabolic rates; this stunts protein formation and thus ... Although individual physiological effects are known, in order to understand how these individual species are interconnected and ... 1], "Process and method for the enhancement of sequestering atmospheric carbon through ocean iron fertilization, and method for ...
It "serves as the major output nucleus of the amygdala and participates in receiving and processing pain information." CeA " ... blood pressure, and respiration) primarily through output pathways to the lateral hypothalamus and brain stem." The CeA is also ... "connects with brainstem areas that control the expression of innate behaviors and associated physiological responses." CeA is ... and its connections with the nigral dopamine system have been reported to modulate cognitive processes dependent substantially ...
SSAO is found in the smooth muscle of blood vessels and various other tissues. The physiological function of SSAO is not well ... However, the oxidation process generates harmful products that may be involved in causing atherosclerosis and vascular damage ... Development of blood vessels, lipolysis regulation, and detoxication are suggested. It may function as a scavenger enzyme to ...
The physiological symptoms of sham rage include rise in blood sugar, pulse, respiratory rates, and blood pressure. These ... It has been concluded that the cerebral cortex may play a facilitating part in this type of convulsive process. These ... Kennard, Margaret A.; C.W. Hampel; M. Dorrit Willner (16 October 1946). "Effect of Frontal Lobectomy on Blood Sugars of Normal ... "changes in the internal organs and in the composition of the blood similar to those characteristic of human emotional behavior ...
Psychophysiological measures are physiological measures (blood, heart rate, skin conductance, etc.) which change as part of ... When the user engages in a specific mental activity, it generates a unique brain electrical potential that is processed and ... Using TCD to monitor blood flow velocity in intercranial arteries, it was shown that a decrease in blood flow was associated ... Using an fMRI, mental workload can be quantified by an increase in cerebral blood flow in regions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC ...
Alloimmunity (The neonatal or cord blood gives a positive direct Coombs test and the maternal blood gives a positive indirect ... Physiological jaundice[edit]. Most infants develop visible jaundice due to elevation of unconjugated bilirubin concentration ... This process of re-absorption is called enterohepatic circulation. It has been suggested that bilirubin uptake in the gut ( ... Shorter life span of fetal red blood cells,[18] being approximately 80 to 90 days in a full term infant,[20] compared to 100 to ...
Torpor is a physiological state of the body. It occurs in some small warm-blooded animals when food is scarce. ... Torpor is a well controlled thermoregulatory process. It is not the result of switching off thermoregulation.[5] ...
... epinephrine increases heart rate and causes blood vessels to dilate in muscles and blood vessels to constrict in the skin and ... The physiological changes that may occur include improved negative feedback regulation of the HPA system, and decreased ... When this process is repeated 24 hours later, the same increase in cortisol is observed.[22] In addition, during the first year ... However, babies can still respond to behavioral distress.[20] As another example, if blood is drawn from a baby, the baby ...
Some physiological carnivores consume plant matter and some physiological herbivores consume meat. From a behavioral aspect, ... The brain detects insulin in the blood, which indicates that nutrients are being absorbed by cells and a person is getting full ... Learning to eat is a messy process for children, and children often do not master neatness or eating etiquette until they are 5 ... Aestivation: Molecular and Physiological Aspects. Springer-Verlag. pp. 95-113. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02421-4. ISBN 978-3-642- ...
... blood, and white blood cells to fill the alveoli. This condition is called pneumonia.[20] It is susceptible to clindamycin.[21] ... For a bacterium to bind, take up, and recombine exogenous DNA into its chromosome, it must enter a special physiological state ... Transformation is a complex developmental process requiring energy and is dependent on expression of numerous genes. In S. ...
A natural physiological reaction to these threshold shifts is vasoconstriction, which will reduce the amount of blood reaching ... It has been seen that this process can reduce sound waves by up to 50 decibels. Although this mechanism can decrease the sound ... eds.). Cochlear Blood Flow Changes With Short Sound Stimulation. Scientific basis of noise-induced hearing loss. New York ... However, it is evident that the issue is at least partly physiological in nature. In cases of sensory overload not related to ...
... white blood cells) in many tissues and organs. SP amplifies or excites most cellular processes.[15][16] ... With the exception of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, the patho-physiological basis of many of the disease groups ... The above processes are part and parcel to tissue integrity and repair. Substance P has been known to stimulate cell growth in ... "Blood chemicals link' to eczema". Health. BBC NEWS. 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2008-11-01.. ...
... modern biotechnology allows drugs targeted towards specific physiological processes to be developed, sometimes designed for ... After examination for signs and interviewing for symptoms, the doctor may order medical tests (e.g. blood tests), take a biopsy ... Molecular biology is the study of molecular underpinnings of the process of replication, transcription and translation of the ... Epidemiology is the study of the demographics of disease processes, and includes, but is not limited to, the study of epidemics ...
"Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 30 (4): 263-69. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2007.03.004. PMID 17509435.. ... high blood pressure, and vision conditions.[123] Other reviews have found no evidence of significant benefit for asthma,[124][ ... Process orientation: implicit ←. → explicit Practice attitude: doctor/model-centered ←. → patient/situation-centered ... "Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 38 (8): 533-44. doi:10.1016/j.jmpt.2015.08.001. PMID 26362263.. ...
investigation, replacement or modification of the anatomy or of a physiological process, ... Medical laboratory equipment automates or helps analyze blood, urine, genes, and dissolved gases in the blood. ... ASTM E2314: Standard Test Method for Determination of Effectiveness of Cleaning Processes for Reusable Medical Instruments ... ASTM D7225: Standard Guide for Blood Cleaning Efficiency of Detergents and Washer-Disinfectors[54] ...
... blood pressure, osmotic equilibrium and pH; the minimum physiological requirement for sodium is 500 milligrams per day.[225] ... The process may be speeded up by a catalyst. Similar solutions are formed by the heavy divalent alkaline earth metals calcium, ... Titanium is produced industrially by the reduction of titanium tetrachloride with Na at 4000C (van Arkel process). ... Although sodium is less reactive than potassium, this process works because at such high temperatures potassium is more ...
Blood proteinsEdit. In addition to their antigonadotropic effects, estrogens are also functional antiandrogens by decreasing ... Androgen synthesis inhibitors are enzyme inhibitors that prevent the biosynthesis of androgens.[62] This process occurs mainly ... Neumann F (1978). "The physiological action of progesterone and the pharmacological effects of progestogens--a short review". ...
Biological process. • regulation of transcription, DNA-templated. • cell-cell signaling. • negative regulation of gene ... As demonstrated in progesterone receptor-deficient mice, the physiological effects of progesterone depend completely on the ... "No evidence for the expression of the progesterone receptor on peripheral blood lymphocytes during pregnancy". Human ... mediating their own response genes and physiological effects with little overlap. Selective ablation of PR-A in a mouse model, ...
... high blood pressure, and loss of vision. Sickle red blood cells also have a shortened lifespan and die prematurely.[35] ... Unfortunately, the process of antagonistic pleiotropy may result in an altered evolutionary path with delayed adaptation, in ... effects between comb mass and physiological structures related to reproductive abilities. Both males and females with larger ... the cells are inflexible and cannot easily flow through blood vessels, increasing the risk of blood clots and possibly ...
... of mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood in the three-chambered heart varies depending on the species and physiological ... The process of ecdysis involves forming a new layer of skin under the old one. Proteolytic enzymes and lymphatic fluid is ... Under different conditions, deoxygenated blood can be shunted back to the body or oxygenated blood can be shunted back to the ... Blood is then extracted; the serum is separated, purified and freeze-dried.[146] The cytotoxic effect of snake venom is being ...
"Physiological Validation of the Concept of Glycemic Load in Lean Young Adults" (PDF). The Journal of Nutrition. USA (published ... In this process, fats, obtained from adipose tissue, or fat cells, are broken down into glycerol and fatty acids, which can be ... "The glycemic index (GI) factor is a ranking of foods based on their overall effect on blood sugar levels. The diet based around ... During prolonged fasting or very low calorie diets the reduction of blood glucose, the preferred energy source of the brain, ...
... aorta for oxygenated blood and pulmonary vein for deoxygenated blood. The spiral valve is essential to keeping the mixing of ... However, that diversification process was interrupted at least a few times by major biological crises, such as the Permian- ... Traditionally, tetrapods are divided into four classes based on gross anatomical and physiological traits.[17] Snakes and other ... in which oxygenated blood from the lungs and de-oxygenated blood from the respiring tissues enters by separate atria, and is ...
The infants' average blood pressure typically decreases after the music therapy sessions, as well. Although there are ... Employing the ides of community, culture, and spirituality have shown to be vital in the process of dealing with grief so using ... For example, a patient with chronic pain may decrease the physiological result of stress and draw attention away from the pain ... Live music also reduces the physiological responses in parents. Studies have shown that by combining live music, such as harp ...
Transendothelial fluid exchange occurs predominantly in the capillaries, and is a process of plasma ultrafiltration across a ... The principles behind the equation are considered useful for explaining physiological phenomena happening at the capillary such ... by the blood vessels is determined by this osmotic pressure of the serum proteins." (1896) ...
ACTH is transported by the blood to the adrenal cortex of the adrenal gland, where it rapidly stimulates biosynthesis of ... As well as directly increasing glucose availability, cortisol also suppresses the highly demanding metabolic processes of the ... the physiological role of the HPA axis and corticosteroids in stress response is so fundamental that analogous systems can be ... Release of CRH from the hypothalamus is influenced by stress, physical activity, illness, by blood levels of cortisol and by ...
That as the body attempts to compensate for low iron levels by increasing red blood cell production in the young, sieve-like ... Enamel hypoplasia refers to transverse furrows or pits that form in the enamel surface of teeth when the normal process of ... and because of physiological changes associated with pregnancy, such as suppression of the immune system and a possible ... These changes were widely used to study activity-patterns, but research has shown that processes associated with aging have a ...
Blood concentrations of minerals[edit]. Minerals are present in a healthy human being's blood at certain mass and molar ... Required for processing ATP and for bones Spinach, legumes, nuts, seeds, whole grains, peanut butter, avocado[22] ... It is not known whether lithium has a physiological role in any species,[50] but nutritional studies in mammals have indicated ... One element, cobalt, is available for use by animals only after having been processed into complex molecules (e.g., vitamin B12 ...
The process leading to β-1,6 linkages is poorly understood: although genes important in the process have been identified, not ... At dietary intake levels of at least 3 g per day, oat fiber β-glucan decreases blood levels of LDL cholesterol and so may ... increasing fecal bulk and producing short-chain fatty acids as byproducts with wide-ranging physiological activities.[14] This ... An assay to detect the presence of (1,3)-β-D-glucan in blood is marketed as a means of identifying invasive or disseminated ...
Physiological response to water immersion. *Tissue. *Underwater vision. Circulatory. system. *Blood shift ... Aquarius houses sophisticated lab equipment and computers, enabling scientists to perform research and process samples without ...
... and animations include a visually animated representation of blood flow within a body or other physiological processes ... process skill, time skills, product skills, behaviour process, behaviour time, and patient effects. When compared with other ... Full Process of Casualty Assessment in Combat Simulation[57]. Electronic Casualty Card. Combat Trauma Patient Simulator. Human ... A process which draws these beliefs & ideas out, with the intent of re-examining & re-testing them against a topic in order to ...
... is a cognitive-physiological theory on alcohol abuse in which many of alcohol's social and stress-reducing ... By depriving the individual of the attention capacity necessary to process undesirable thoughts, alcohol myopia can bring the ... Alcohol's myopic effects on the drinker's cognitive processes can be characterized into three classes: self-inflation, relief, ... Under the influence of alcohol, individuals are incapable of sufficiently processing the long-term consequences of their ...
This suggests the merging between the spatial- emotiono-tonal processing of the right brain and the linguistical processing of ... They found that as these chills increase, many changes in cerebral blood flow are seen in brain regions such as the amygdala, ... Johnson, P. B.; Ferraina, S.; Bianchi, L.; Caminiti, R. (1996). "Cortical networks for visual reaching: physiological and ... The motor area processes the rhythm of the music (Dean, 2013).[citation needed] The motor area of the brain is located in the ...
Patients with HACE have an elevated white blood cell count, but otherwise their blood count and biochemistry are normal. If a ... High-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a medical condition in which the brain swells with fluid because of the physiological ... This process has been observed in MRI studies. Hypoxia increases extracellular fluid, which passes through the vasogenic ... This demonstrated that the blood-brain barrier was broken by cerebral blood vessels, thus interfering with white matter ...
In a physiological context, fasting may refer to the metabolic status of a person who has not eaten overnight, or to the ... In the process of revising the Book of Common Prayer in various provinces of the Anglican Communion the specification of ... Meat is understood not to include fish or cold-blooded animals.. Pope Pius XII had initially relaxed some of the regulations ... Some scientists have indicated that a fast will cause white blood cells to break down during the fasting, resulting in new ones ...
"for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"[۵۶] ... "for his discovery of human blood groups"[۴۲] ۱۹۳۱ اتو واربورگ[۱] آلمان "for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of ... "for his work on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes"[۲۲] ... "for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations"[۱۳۶] ...
Blood test[edit]. In conjunction, measuring blood glucose level every 10 to 15 minutes after ingestion will show a "flat curve ... Butter - the process of making butter largely removes lactose, but it is still present in small quantities; clarified butter ... "Lactose malabsorption" refers to the physiological concomitant of lactase deficiency (i.e., the body does not have sufficient ... Blood is then drawn again at the 30-minute, 1-hour, 2-hour, and 3-hour marks. If the lactose cannot be digested, blood glucose ...
He also explains the process of how to determine a probable cause of death. The main purpose of this book was to be used as a ... "Because insects are cold-blooded animals, their rate of development is more or less dependent on ambient temperature." [23] ... This style of age determination is in the process of being used to more accurately find the age of the instars and pupa; ... These works made the concept of the process of insect ecological succession on a corpse understandable and interesting to an ...
Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism ... F50-F59) Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors[edit]. *(F50) Eating disorders * ... Diseases of the ear and mastoid process IX I00-I99 Diseases of the circulatory system ... F59) Unspecified behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors. (F60-F69) Disorders of ...
Blood-pressure; Physical-fitness; Physiological-factors; Smoking; Demographic-characteristics; Surveillance-programs; ... Humans; Men; Cardiovascular-disease; Sociological-factors; Analytical-processes; Ultrasound; Women; Workers; Work-environment; ... systolic and diastolic blood pressure, physical activity, smoking status, and pack-years of smoking: Management/Professional = ...
The process includes a recommender system that generates people recommendations based, at least in part, ... A method and system for an automatic people matching with a mutual commit process is disclosed. ... physiological responses. direction of gaze. brain patterns. blood pressure. heart rate. environmental conditions. current ... A sixth category of process usage behaviors is known as physiological responses. These responses or behaviors are associated ...
Pathologic Processes. Ropivacaine. Anesthetics, Local. Anesthetics. Central Nervous System Depressants. Physiological Effects ... Uterine artery blood flow. *Gestational age at delivery.. Secondary Outcome Measures : *Ductus venosus and MCA blood flow. * ... Antepartum Chronic Epidural Therapy (ACET) to Improve Blood Flow to the Uterus, Placenta and Baby in Pre-Eclampsia and ... Both disorders are associated with an impairment of uteroplacental blood flow (UPBF). No effective therapy has been identified ...
Pathologic Processes. Misoprostol. Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal. Abortifacient Agents. Reproductive Control Agents. ... It is indicated when intra-operative blood loss exceeds 15% of the patients estimated blood volume, which is equal to the ... estimated intraoperative blood loss measured in milliliters [ Time Frame: 60 min ]. Secondary Outcome Measures : *the need of ... Vaginal Misoprostol Versus Bilateral Uterine Artery Ligation in Decreasing Blood Loss in Trans-abdominal Myomectomy. The safety ...
Image processing and analysis. Audiology. Electrophysiology. Respiratory function. Pressure measurement. Blood flow measurement ... Gaining access to physiological signals. Evoked responses. Image formation. Image production. Mathematical and statistical ... Coverage includes biomechanics; ionizing and nonionizing radiation and measurements; image formation techniques, processing, ... Safety critical systems and engineering design: cardiac and blood related devices. Bibliography. Index. ...
... is presented which allows human subjects to observe and control changes of their own blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) ... Image Processing, Computer-Assisted * Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods* * Male * Online Systems * Oxygen / blood ... Physiological self-regulation of regional brain activity using real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): ... is presented which allows human subjects to observe and control changes of their own blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) ...
Many physiological and molecular processes are modulated by circadian rhythms. Furthermore, genes involved in the generation of ... The data emphasize the temporal organization of the human blood transcriptome and identify processes primarily active during ... For example, the processes identified as down-regulated by ANOVA are remarkably similar to the processes associated with the ... Blood Transcriptome.. We found changes in the whole-blood transcriptome, some specifically related to leukocyte functions (e.g ...
... blood circulation; impairment of physiological processes and mental functioning; and, physical and psychological dependence. ... Programs Application Process Affiliate Hospitals Contact Information for Directors & Coordinators * Incoming Resident/Fellow ... The transition process may be conducted by telephone as long as both parties have access to an electronic or hard copy version ... The resident will be afforded due process as outlined below. See TERMINATION OF A RESIDENT, above. Program director monitors ...
... physiological imaging (blood flow, blood volume and blood oxygenation); glucose metabolism measurement; and the study of ... magnetization-transfer processes.. Dr. van Zijl has contributed to the understanding of the blood-oxygen-level- dependent (BOLD ...
The detection of blood pressure sounds at a range of cuff pressures is used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood ... A selected number of consecutive valid blood pressure signal detections indicates the detection of a blood pressure sound. ... A valid blood pressure signal is indicated when the microphone signal product is negative and either the two microphone signal ... If the microphone signal product is negative, the detection of a valid blood pressure signal for that sampling time is ...
Blood flow through deformable arteries.. Animal Model: Animal experimental research for better understanding of physiological ... Inflammatory process starts with penetration of low density lipoprotein (LDL) in the intima. This penetration, if too high, is ... Reaction-Diffusion Model: Simulation of the inflammatory atherosclerosis process. Complete Chapter List. Search this Book: ... Shear Stress: Shear stress from blood flow inside arteries on the wall, most probably low shear stress cause location of the ...
Mental-processes; Behavior; Brain-disorders; Blood-chemistry; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Psychological-factors ... NIOSH-Contract; Contract-099-74-0020; Chlorinated-hydrocarbons; Urinalysis; Organic-solvents; Physiological-factors; ... The duration of exposure correlated with airborne methyl-chloride, with methyl-chloride on the breath, and with blood ... at 6 manufacturing plants using the solvent in fabricating processes. ...
Blood-analysis; Blood-pressure; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Mathematical-models; Men; Physiological-factors; Physiological ... Age-factors; Analytical-processes; ... Physiological-stress; Police-officers; Risk-factors; Smoking; ... Results: Officers had elevated levels of age-adjusted CVD risk factors (blood pressure, total cholesterol, smoking prevalence) ...
The physiological signs of his presence will be the same. With a little attention, you should be able to tell the difference ... Increased heart rate, blood pressure, or surge of adrenaline. *Shallow breathing or breathlessness ... Scientists Find That Age Is Just A Number, And Here Are 7 Ways You Can Slower Aging Process. Roy Pumphrey. Fitness Coaching ... Then, when you see your child after this thought process, your only reaction will be gratitude, and that seems like a better ...
Chapter 26 Blood: Blood Clotting. 26.1 Introduction 26.2 Physiological Events in Blood Clotting. 26.3 Platelet Adhesion and ... 26.8 The Common Pathway of Blood Clotting. 26.9 Interactions of Platelets and Plasma Factors in the Clotting Process. 26.10 ... Chapter 25 Blood: Metabolism in the Red Blood Cell. 25.1 Introduction. 25.2 Role of Glycolysis and the Pentose Phosphate ... 26.11 Genetic Defects and Abnormalities of Blood Clotting. Chapter 27 Blood: Catabolism of Haemoglobin. 27.1 Role of the ...
Assessment of Physiological Indices Related to Cardiovascular Disease as Influenced by Job Stress; Introduction; Heart Rate and ... Process Study of Stress; Objectivity, Subjectivity and Confounding in Measurement; Conclusion; PART III: STRESS MEASUREMENT; ... Blood Pressure; Catecholamines; Cortisol; Lipids. ConclusionStress: Psychobiological Assessment; Psychobiological Basis of ... Perspectives on Social Support and Research on Stress Moderating Processes; Definitions and Measurement of Social Support; ...
Institute of Physiological Chemistry, University of Halle, Halle, Germany; and *Find this author on Google Scholar ... Human peripheral blood DC and CD14-positive human peripheral blood monocytes were directly purified from peripheral blood by ... Differential Processing of Autoantigens in Lysosomes from Human Monocyte-Derived and Peripheral Blood Dendritic Cells. Timo ... Differential Processing of Autoantigens in Lysosomes from Human Monocyte-Derived and Peripheral Blood Dendritic Cells ...
... blood pressure, cholesterol; rebuilds the immune system; and helps reverse the aging process. If we are to get these poisons ... By fasting we give our bodies a physiological rest. This rest builds Vital Force. The more Vital Force we have, the more toxins ... eyes blood, and blood vessel. In all of these diseases, the underlying problem is similar--the bodys immune system becomes ... For more than 100 years it has proven useful in most diseases due to impurities of the blood. It is excellent for treating the ...
... resulting in physiological changes such as reduced blood pressure. ... Music alters constitutively expressed opiate and cytokine processes in listeners, ... Music alters constitutively expressed opiate and cytokine processes in listeners, resulting in physiological changes such as ... MATERIAL/METHODS: In the current report we utilize an AB design to explore observed differences in blood plasma signaling ...
Music alters constitutively expressed opiate and cytokine processes in listeners, resulting in physiological changes such as ... Could music provide a non-invasive way to stimulate healing and promote longevity within human blood? An innovative new crowd- ... Music therapy could reduce postoperative pain and anxiety, and lower systolic blood pressure and heart rate in patients after ... Music therapy decreased the depression level and systolic blood pressure in elderly people. Sep 02, 2016. ...
SCFAs are involved in numerous physiological processes promoting health, including:[97] *stabilize blood glucose levels by ... Dietary fibers promote beneficial physiologic effects including laxation, and/or blood cholesterol attenuation, and/or blood ... Regulates blood sugar, which may reduce glucose and insulin levels in diabetic patients and may lower risk of diabetes[1][76] ... Lee YP, Puddey IB, Hodgson JM (April 2008). "Protein, fiber and blood pressure: potential benefit of legumes". Clin Exp ...
SCFAs are involved in numerous physiological processes promoting health, including:[111] *stabilize blood glucose levels by ... Dietary fibers promote beneficial physiologic effects including laxation, and/or blood cholesterol attenuation, and/or blood ... Regulates blood sugar, which may reduce glucose and insulin levels in diabetic patients and may lower risk of diabetes[1][86] ... "Foods that spike a patients blood glucose are not what you think". American Medical Association. Retrieved 14 October 2020.. ...
2 Physiological chemistry and processes. 3 Cells and tissues. Section 2 Communication ... 4 The blood. 5 The cardiovascular system. 6 The lymphatic system. 7 The nervous system ...
Circulatory And Respiratory Physiological Phenomena. Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; ...
Recognize anatomical and physiological aspects of blood collection.. -Prepare patient for various tests.. -Select proper ... Label blood bank specimens according to AABB standards. Perform Specimen Collection and Processing. -Properly collect, label, ... Properly collect and handle specimen for blood culture.. -Select proper station for specimen delivery.. -Process specimens for ... Obtain Blood Samples. -Identify correct patient properly.. -Select appropriate containers for specimens and utilize ...
Red-blood-cells; Physiological-chemistry ... Oxidative-processes; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Asbestos-dust ... Asbestos and silicates may cause pneumoconiosis through an oxidant mediated process that catalyzes the production of OHs in the ...
This monograph illustrates applications of mathematics to various processes (physiological or artificial) involving flowing ... This book illustrates applications of mathematics to various processes (physiological or artificial) involving flowing blood, ... Aims at illustrating applications of mathematics to various processes (physiological or artificial) involving flowing blood ... Mathematical models are used to simulate processes normally occurring in flowing blood and to predict the effects of ...
Baicalin modulates all three physiological processes and thus attenuated SAH-mediated brain injury. Baicalin also restores ... effects of extravasated red blood cells on blood flow and blood-brain barrier integrity," Stroke, vol. 32, pp. 2932-2938, 2001. ... Baicalin Attenuated Increased Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) Permeability and Tight Junction Protein Degradation in SAH Mice. Blood- ... and baicalin attenuated the process. Experimental data suggest that a cascade of physiological events occur very early after ...
We describe a method for processing bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and matched peripheral blood from chronically HIV-infected ... Buffer providing maintenance of physiological pH Live/Dead APC-H7. Invitrogen. L34975. Viability marker used for flow cytometry ... Processing of Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid and Matched Blood for Alveolar Macrophage and CD4+ T-cell Immunophenotyping and HIV ... Separate the blood by centrifuging the blood tubes at 300 x g for 15 min at RT. Transfer the plasma to 1.5 mL microcentrifuge ...
  • 4. The method of claim 1 wherein determining the expected level interest by a first party for a second party based, at least in part, on a plurality of behaviors corresponding to a plurality of usage behavior categories comprises: evaluating a behavior corresponding to a physiological responses usage behavior category. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • In subarachnoid hemorrhagic brain injury, the early crucial events are edema formation due to inflammatory responses and blood-brain barrier disruption. (hindawi.com)
  • However, the perceived physiological responses to these two modes are yet not fully understood. (lww.com)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to compare the acute physiological responses while running outdoors (OD) as compared to indoor (TM) treadmill running. (lww.com)
  • The physiological responses to running indoors versus outdoors differ, yet the perception of the elevated HR response during outdoor running was not recognized by RPE. (lww.com)
  • Although anthropogenic noise and Cd contaminants could be present simultaneously in marine environments, the physiological responses of marine bivalve mollusks upon coexposure to anthropogenic noise and toxic metal contaminants, including Cd remain unclear. (frontiersin.org)
  • Physiological responses for high body temp: blood goes to body surface, sweating, behavioral changes (get out of sun). (wikibooks.org)
  • The stress response is an important component of an individual's suite of physiological and behavioural responses to environmental events. (biologists.org)
  • These initial hormone and nerve responses further increase blood circulation and tissue repair. (amazonaws.com)
  • This is achieved by the facilitated movement of urea across the apical and basolateral of both the thin descending limbs (via UT-A2 transporters) and the descending vasa recta blood vessels (via UT-B1 transporters). (nih.gov)
  • Blood vessels and their endothelial lining are uniquely adapted to the needs of the underlying tissue. (biomedsearch.com)
  • There are a lot of different physiological and pathophysiological processes going on inside blood vessels, and many different contributing factors. (aarp.org)
  • Alcohol causes blood vessels near the skin to dilate, or enlarge. (livestrong.com)
  • Organs of the circulatory system include the heart , blood vessels, and blood. (jrank.org)
  • blood vessels are damaged as well. (ukessays.com)
  • It is initially caused by histamine, a local hormone that is released by cells that enter the area due to which blood vessels get larger and leaker. (ukessays.com)
  • Researchers at the Universities of Bristol, Exeter and Nottingham have been investigating the structure of the human glomerulus, tiny 0.2mm tight knots of thin walled blood vessels which allow the filtration of blood into attached tubules within the kidney. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Much like pumping up a tyre, without the correct pressure, the tiny blood vessels and tubules within the kidney structure collapse when removed from the body, which leads to misinterpretation when studied under the microscope. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • These signals trigger the release of a chemical messenger that causes the vessels supplying blood to the penis to dilate. (healthcentral.com)
  • Neovascularization (or angiogenesis) is a process whereby new blood vessels are formed within tissues of the body. (google.com.au)
  • Normal neovascularization is the physiological process by which the body creates and maintains small blood vessels of the circulatory system. (google.com.au)
  • However, pathological or latrogenic neovascularization is a non-physiological process whereby abnormal networks of blood vessels are created in tissues of the body or in tumors, as a result of certain diseases, trauma or surgical procedures. (google.com.au)
  • Gaining access to physiological signals. (routledge.com)
  • Dr. van Zijl has contributed to the understanding of the blood-oxygen-level- dependent (BOLD) mechanism underlying functional MR imaging-and helped develop the capability to image endogenous signals of cellular proteins and peptides. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A method and apparatus is provided for detecting blood pressure sounds produced by the opening snap of an artery in a patient in the presence of significant noise using the phase information contained in two microphone signals. (google.com)
  • The two microphone signals are filtered, preferably using band pass filters having pass bands corresponding to the frequency of the blood pressure sounds. (google.com)
  • 3. The method of claim 1 comprising additionally the steps of preventing further indications of the detection of a blood pressure sound for a selected pause period after the indication of the detection of a blood pressure sound, and repeating the steps of selecting portions of the microphone signals, multiplying the microphone signals, and indicating the detection of a blood pressure sound after the selected pause period has ended. (google.com)
  • Although this work has focused on the absorption signal associated with deoxygenation, due to its detailed mapping ability and good signal-to-noise ratio, Grinvald's group has also described other intrinsic signals related to increased blood flow, scattering effects directly related to neural activation, and pulsation effects related to arterial function. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • 7 ] demonstrated that in fact a number of different physiological signals, some of which are related to neural function, are visible with this methodology. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • One of these signals is the pulsation of blood in the arteries, which produces a characteristic oscillatory activity, whose frequency is determined by the heart rate. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • A Review on Noninvasive Beat-to-Beat Systemic and Pulmonary Blood Pressure Estimation through Surrogate Cardiovascular Signals. (igi-global.com)
  • The status of evidence in the literature demonstrates that cardiovascular signals such as the electrocardiogram, photoplethysmogram, and phonocardiogram contain important information for the estimation of blood pressure. (igi-global.com)
  • Heart activity may be analyzed via various physiological signals that are related such as the electrocardiogram (ECG), impedance cardiogram (ICG), the phonocardiogram (PCG), or blood pressure (BP). (igi-global.com)
  • However, the endocrine system accomplishes its functions by sending out chemical signals called hormones into the blood. (jrank.org)
  • 7 . The method of claim 1 , wherein selecting a peak frequency component that exhibits physiological characteristics of arterial blood comprises determining whether at least a subset of the peak frequency components of the first and second signals are harmonically related. (google.es)
  • and analyze the circuits and systems used to amplify and process these signals. (wpi.edu)
  • Wills' Biochemical Basis of Medicine, Second Edition provides a basic understanding of the structure and metabolic processes in the context in which they occur in the cell or in the tissues. (elsevier.com)
  • Brain tissues were processed for water content, real-time PCR, and immunoblot analyses. (hindawi.com)
  • The program will expose graduate students to the fundamentals of mathematical and computational studies in mechanisms that underlie physiological and materials processes, including the motion of biomembranes, solid-fluid interaction, and the morphogenesis of growing tissues. (umn.edu)
  • Red blood cells (RBCs) are the most abundant cell type in human blood and they function to transport oxygen (O 2 ) from the lung to all tissues and cells, and to transport carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from tissues back to the lung. (frontiersin.org)
  • The circulatory system circulates blood throughout the body and in doing so transports gases, nutrients , and wastes to and from tissues. (jrank.org)
  • Additionally, the lymphatic system transports fluids from the body's tissues to the blood, thus helping to control fluid balance in the body. (jrank.org)
  • The great quantity of useful water that is excreted is reabsorbed back into the blood as the nephron first descends into the deeper tissues of the kidney. (asknature.org)
  • The rod-shaped spongy tissues (corpora cavernosa) in the penis then fill with blood and expand, pressing against the veins that normally allow blood to drain from the penis, thus producing an erection. (healthcentral.com)
  • Dietary fibers promote beneficial physiologic effects including laxation, and/or blood cholesterol attenuation , and/or blood glucose attenuation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Animals were weighed and blood glucose was measured. (springer.com)
  • This blood supply to the liver carries blood that is rich with nutrients and small molecules such as amino acids and glucose molecules. (wikihow.com)
  • Red blood cell glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common enzyme disorder worldwide, affecting 420 million of the world population. (frontiersin.org)
  • For instance, fiber can help lower blood glucose and cholesterol levels, as well as blood pressure. (npr.org)
  • In mammals, two important endocrine hormones, glucagon and insulin, are key physiological effectors that regulate blood glucose levels. (genetics.org)
  • Water, as well as useful minerals, glucose, and proteins are separated from the harmful materials and recycled back into the blood stream. (asknature.org)
  • Blood glucose levels measured four times before and after beverage consumption show that blood glucose levels increase when participants believe the beverage has high sugar content as portrayed on the labels. (nature.com)
  • Also, individual eating behaviors and nutritional satisfaction are linked to changes in blood glucose levels. (nature.com)
  • As blood glucose and insulin signaling is a mean to regulate different organs 11 , the role of anticipatory budgeting mechanisms could be particularly relevant for people with diabetes. (nature.com)
  • Most individuals with type 1 diabetes develop diabetic retinopathy, and a growing number of those with type 2 diabetes now manifest it, with high blood sugar, insulin resistance and a relative lack of insulin for which limited therapies are currently available. (springer.com)
  • The insulin-producing cells in the pancreas play a crucial role in the management of our blood sugar levels. (europa.eu)
  • Other cases are due to a physiological inability to process insulin, although in fact both factors often combine. (europa.eu)
  • These hormones (primarily cortisol in primates, and corticosterone in birds, reptiles and rodents) are released in response to stressful environmental events, and are crucial in initiating the `flight or fight' response as well as a range of essential physiological and behavioural reactions to stress ( Nelson, 1995 ). (biologists.org)
  • The process whereby hemoglobin performs this essential physiological role is characterized by a cooperative interaction among its constituent subunits. (springer.com)
  • Repeated-exposure to heat stress results in physiological adaptations, and therefore improvement in exercise capacity and cognitive functioning are observed. (nih.gov)
  • These collective defences complement the individual immunity of all group members and constitute an extra layer of protection at the group level, combining behavioural, physiological and organisational adaptations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extracellular vesicles contain a multitude of bioactive molecules that are implicated in intercellular communication and in different biological and pathophysiological processes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Therefore, the combined effects of anthropogenic noise and Cd on the physiological characteristics of the blood clam Tegillarca granosa were investigated in this study. (frontiersin.org)
  • 8 . The method of claim 1 , wherein selecting a peak frequency component that exhibits physiological characteristics of arterial blood comprises determining whether a pulse rate corresponding to one or more of the peak frequency components is above a selected threshold. (google.es)
  • This state of affairs however is changing physiological process and characteristics of with increasing socialization between the mothers menstruation and the menstrual cycle is evident and their daughters consequent upon Western from these studies2,3,4. (who.int)
  • regulation of inflammation , carbohydrate metabolism , protein catabolism , blood electrolyte levels, and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensation processing at the neural level, sensory-related behavior, attention and emotion regulation, animal models of neuropathology, genetic studies, and studies related to clinical issues such as the utility, sensitivity/specificity, and discriminate validity of the diagnosis of SPD. (slideshare.net)
  • Added Fiber" consists of isolated, nondigestible carbohydrates that have beneficial physiological effects in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The liver in humans has several important functions that all support the process of normal life of the individual by maintaining normal metabolic reactions within the body. (wikihow.com)
  • Clotting factors in humans are a group of proteins that have physiological effect to cause blood clotting. (wikihow.com)
  • Many of the physiological processes that recur in humans about every 24 hours (with circadian rhythm ) have been known for centuries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The biological sample work is supporting a pair of ongoing experiments observing the physiological changes to humans in space. (spaceref.com)
  • The work presented in their 1986 paper was based on the measurement of a signal associated with changes in the oxygenation level of the blood perfusing active cortical regions. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI has contributions from venous oxygenation and venous cerebral blood volume (CBV) changes. (biomedsearch.com)
  • fMRI is sensitive to blood oxygenation levels [ 4 ], which correlate with local neuronal activity. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Owing to thermal and physiological noise, signal changes from neuronal activity-related blood oxygenation typically amount to only a few per cent of the measured signal. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Cerebral autoregulation (CAR), arguably the most critical, is the body's intrinsic ability to maintain sufficient cerebral blood flow (CBF) despite changes in aortic perfusion pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Various types of hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver, occur through blood infection, while autoimmune hepatitis occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells, causing tissue-damaging inflammation. (livestrong.com)
  • Reabsorption of fluid and solutes is regulated to meet the body's physiological needs. (asknature.org)
  • Jaundice occurs in neonates in 2 forms: Pathological and Physiological Jaundice. (actapress.com)
  • This has important implications for central processing of cold somatosensation and, given that chronic pain states are dependent on dynamic alterations in descending control, will help elucidate mechanisms underlying aberrant cold sensations that accompany pathological pain states. (jneurosci.org)
  • Accordingly, scientists have hypothesized that there may be an underlying physiological difference in the pathological process leading to hypertension. (forbes.com)
  • However, the physiological processes that underlie birth ensure that the baby does not take a breath while it is submerged. (news-medical.net)
  • The identified biological processes may be involved with the negative effects of sleep loss on health, and highlight the interrelatedness of sleep homeostasis, circadian rhythmicity, and metabolism. (pnas.org)
  • This process is especially important in diabetic patients who rely on the metabolism of fatty acids for their generation of energetic molecules of ATP. (wikihow.com)
  • A brain-computer interface (BCI) based on real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is presented which allows human subjects to observe and control changes of their own blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response. (nih.gov)
  • One of them is through the hepatic artery that supplies blood that is rich in oxygen to the liver tissue. (wikihow.com)
  • Hypothermia works by reduction of reperfusion injury - the damage that is inflicted by oxygenized blood flowing into oxygen-deprived tissue. (innovations-report.com)
  • Dr. Andreas Janata from the Department of Emergency Medicine at the Medical University of Vienna and leader of the project on this topic: "Reperfusion injury occurs when blood flow is restored to the brain after a period of hypoxia, which is oxygen deprivation. (innovations-report.com)
  • A physiological monitor for determining blood oxygen saturation of a medical patient includes a sensor, a signal processor and a display. (google.es)
  • The signal processor determines blood oxygen saturation based at least upon the output signal, and the display provides an indication of the blood oxygen saturation. (google.es)
  • a display, wherein said display provides an indication of said blood oxygen saturation. (google.es)
  • Oxygen is inhaled from the external environment and passes from the lungs into the blood, where it is exchanged for carbon dioxide that passes from the blood to the lungs and is expelled. (jrank.org)
  • 3 . The method of claim 1 , wherein the blood parameter comprises the oxygen saturation of the arterial blood. (google.es)
  • While most biochemical synthetic methods themselves do not need separation steps, other physiological processes do. (asknature.org)
  • Biochemical analyses of urine, blood enzymes, and plasma serum also have demonstrated circadian rhythms. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This course develops the understanding of biochemical processes, by examining the enzymatic molecular mechanisms underlying specific cellular and physiological systems. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Recognize anatomical and physiological aspects of blood collection. (okcareertech.org)
  • Blood flow measurement. (routledge.com)
  • The invention relates to a method and a device for processing blood pressure measurement data. (google.com)
  • One commonly used cuff-less blood pressure measurement method is to determine the blood pressure based on the relationship between the blood pressure and the pulse wave transmission speed. (google.com)
  • electronically determining the measurement value for the characteristic of arterial blood using the selected peak frequency. (google.es)
  • Professor Kyriacou served as Chair of the Physiological Measurement Group (2006-2008) and Chair of the Engineering Advisory Group (2010-2012) at the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM) and as Chair of the Instrument Science and Technology (ISAT) Group (2009-2012) of the Institute of Physics (IoP). (city.ac.uk)
  • You should begin by doing so essay diamonds blood is the equilibrium price and who the main impact of globalisation are unprecedented, such that the student takes the form of de differentiation be observable under specifically set experimental conditions. (mit.edu)
  • [2] Regular intake of soluble fibers, such as beta-glucans from oats or barley , has been established to lower blood levels of LDL cholesterol , a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases . (wikipedia.org)
  • The cardiovascular system is a complex network centered on the heart, a self-paced organ that pumps blood through the pulmonary and systemic circulations. (igi-global.com)
  • Prof Kyriacou's main research activities are primarily focused upon the understanding, development and applications of medical instrumentation, biosensors and clinical measurements to facilitate the prognosis, diagnosis and treatment of disease with a focus in the design of non-invasive optical sensors for the early screening of cardiovascular diseases and monitoring of blood gases and tissue biochemistry. (city.ac.uk)
  • The rapid and complex neural dynamics underlying visual and auditory information processing pose major challenges to human cognitive neuroscience. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Metabolic reactions for the production of energy-rich molecules in the form of ATP molecules are very important processes that have been studied extensively, and their detailed reactions are clear and understood. (wikihow.com)
  • These same individuals are more likely to have intense physiological reactions to horror films . (psychcentral.com)
  • The nervous system conducts electrical impulses throughout the body to regulate and control physiological processes of the other organ systems. (jrank.org)
  • The endocrine system also functions to regulate and control physiological processes of the body. (jrank.org)
  • The study aims at comparison between the effect of preoperative misoprostol and bilateral uterine artery ligation regarding their effect to decrease blood loss in transabdominal myomectomy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Null hypothesis: Women with recurrent miscarriage have the same blood flow after aspirin or clopidogrel treatment compared to their uterine artery pulsatility index before treatment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Angiogenesis and uterine blood supply are essential for both endometrial growth and embryo development. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Like blood clotting process, uterine contraction during childbirth. (wikibooks.org)
  • SAH-associated brain injury is a complex process involving inflammation, brain edema, microglial cell activation, oxidative damage, and blood-brain barrier disruption [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In this study, we demonstrated baicalin attenuated brain injury after SAH in multistep mechanisms including microglial cell activation, inflammation, modulation of blood-brain barrier function, and oxidative damage. (hindawi.com)
  • Restoration of the blood flow actually triggers an inflammation reaction and oxidative stress that can damage the tissue. (innovations-report.com)
  • Researchers say a lack of sleep may boost inflammation, stress hormones, blood pressure and blood sugar levels. (aarp.org)
  • Doctors aren't sure why, but it's possible that the bacteria that infect your gums seep into your bloodstream, causing blood vessel inflammation and other problems. (aarp.org)
  • [1] [13] The most accepted definition of dietary fiber is "all polysaccharides and lignin, which are not digested by the endogenous secretion of the human digestive tract," and currently, most animal nutritionists are using either a physiological definition "the dietary components resistant to degradation by mammalian enzymes" or a chemical definition "the sum of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) and lignin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The detection of blood pressure sounds at a range of cuff pressures is used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels of the patient. (google.com)
  • Below a hemoglobin concentration of 7 g/dL requiring blood transfusion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • in typical freshwater animals the concentration of the blood is about half that of seawater. (britannica.com)
  • relatively few animals, after having thus evolved, have returned to the sea, and in none of them has the blood returned to its original "seawater" concentration. (britannica.com)
  • Facilitative urea transporters play an important role in two major physiological processes - urinary concentration and urea nitrogen salvaging. (nih.gov)
  • Clinical health measures included blood haemoglobin concentration and body mass index. (hindawi.com)
  • Blood prolactin concentration predicted temporal performance in both conditions. (nih.gov)
  • We show that one wk of insufficient sleep alters gene expression in human blood cells, reduces the amplitude of circadian rhythms in gene expression, and intensifies the effects of subsequent acute total sleep loss on gene expression. (pnas.org)
  • Antigenic material is internalized into the endocytic compartment, where it undergoes proteolytic processing after exposure to reducing and hydrolyzing enzymes, before the proteolytic products form a complex with MHC class II molecules and are routed to the cell surface for the triggering of T cells. (jimmunol.org)
  • We focus chiefly on cytokines, as well as peripheral blood mononuclear cells and polymorphonuclear cells. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • This blood supply can also bring to the liver tissue other compounds that can be toxic to the liver cells. (wikihow.com)
  • Affected red blood cells are more fragile, less deformable, and more susceptible to shear stress and oxidative damage, and show increased vesiculation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Red blood cells, as essentially all cells, constitutively release phospholipid extracellular vesicles in vivo and in vitro in a process known as vesiculation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Mature red blood cells release in principle only microvesicles. (frontiersin.org)
  • Integrating bio-analytical findings on abnormalities of red blood cells and their microvesicles will be critical for a better understanding of the pathophysiology of hereditary hemolytic anemias. (frontiersin.org)
  • Anemia is a condition characterized by a decreased number of red blood cells and has serious implications for the health, cognitive development, and productivity of adults and children worldwide. (hindawi.com)
  • The skeletal system also stores minerals and lipids and forms blood cells. (jrank.org)
  • slowing the aging process of cells. (proteinfactory.com)
  • The vascular phase consists of close interaction between cells and chemicals, the process of chemotaxis taking place causing vascular permeability. (ukessays.com)
  • Vascular permeability allows cells and chemicals that are in the blood stream to enter the injury site and perform their functions to heal the tissue. (ukessays.com)
  • Although in vitro-generated DC, usually derived from peripheral blood monocytes (MO-DC), serve as prototype DC to analyze the biology and biochemistry of DC, phenotypically distinct primary types of DC, including CD1c-DC, are present in peripheral blood (PB-DC). (jimmunol.org)
  • In vitro-generated DC, such as DC generated from peripheral blood monocytes (monocyte-derived DC, MO-DC) or bone marrow precursors, both serve as tools for immunotherapy and a model to understand the basic cell biology and biochemistry of DC ( 3 , 4 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • When normal human lung tissue had been digested, large numbers of lymphocytes were recovered, which approximately amount to the same pool size as the peripheral blood pool (1). (springer.com)
  • However, in contrast to peripheral mechanisms, central processing of cold sensory input has received relatively little attention. (jneurosci.org)
  • Peripheral vascular disease (impaired blood flow to the extremities and the penis). (healthcentral.com)
  • 3 . The physiological monitor of claim 1 , wherein said different wavelength comprises about 640 nm. (google.es)
  • 5 . The physiological monitor of claim 1 , wherein said signal processor comprises a multi-variate process estimator. (google.es)
  • 2 . The method of claim 1 , wherein the blood parameter comprises the pulse rate of the arterial blood. (google.es)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 , wherein acquiring the information comprises sensing one or more physiological parameters. (google.com.au)
  • 6. The method of claim 1 , wherein the non-physiological condition comprises a pollution index, ambient temperature, humidity, or altitude. (google.com.au)
  • Background Estrogen receptor α (ERα) contributes to maintaining biological processes preserving health during aging. (mdpi.com)
  • Both disorders are associated with an impairment of uteroplacental blood flow (UPBF). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Most studies on SAH were addressed on vasospasm due to the fact that it can significantly hinder blood flow, which correlates with ischemic brain as well as infarction [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This work reveals the refined two-way relationship that exists between vascular and neural phenomena in the brain: arterial health is related to normal brain structure and function, both across individuals and across brain regions within an individual, and neural function influences blood flow to specific cortical regions. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) is a novel optical technique that appears to be an excellent tool for assessing cerebral blood flow in a continuous and non-invasive manner at the bedside. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Increased acidity of muscles cause more blood flow to those muscles. (prezi.com)
  • Indeed, the molecular structures of normal RBC membrane, cellular content, and energy machinery enable such extraordinary deformability under the high shear forces of blood flow ( Svetina, 2012 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The buildup of scar tissue blocks blood flow to the liver, impairing the organ's ability to function and heal itself. (livestrong.com)
  • The control of blood flow and pressure through the kidney is crucial for maintaining this process. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • These newly discovered structures may play a role controlling the flow of blood and filtrate and pressure balance in the human glomerulus. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Ultrasound is used to evaluate blood flow, venous leak, signs of atherosclerosis, and scarring or calcification of erectile tissue. (healthcentral.com)
  • Mathematical models are used to simulate processes normally occurring in flowing blood and to predict the effects of dysfunctions (e.g. bleeding disorders, renal failure), as well as the effects of therapies with an eye to improving treatments. (springer.com)
  • Can you tell me if the problem of relating the human genome to physiological function is largely solved, and what formal mental, mathematical or simulative models provide the loci for that solution. (bio.net)
  • Despite extensive research into red blood cell biochemistry and physiology, little is known about red cell deformability and vesiculation in hereditary hemolytic anemias, and the associated pathophysiological role is incompletely assessed. (frontiersin.org)
  • The paper 'Novel Haemodynamic structures in the human glomerulus' , published in American Journal of Physiology, has shown that human glomerular blood vessel architecture is not as depicted in current texts. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • A mild physiological hypoxia is present which prevents premature breathing while under water. (news-medical.net)
  • Although the stress response is an adaptive method of dealing with potentially damaging environmental events or conditions ( Silverin, 1998 ), chronically high blood plasma levels of corticosteroids can have deleterious effects on several components of an individual's fitness. (biologists.org)
  • The kidney is a key organ balancing blood and body chemistry through filtration and reabsorption. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Understanding how to model, analyze, and simulate the basic elements of physiological processes from the molecular to the one-cell to the multi-cell level can possibly pave the way to improving drug designs. (umn.edu)
  • In hereditary hemolytic anemias, the underlying molecular defect affects and determines red blood cell vesiculation, resulting in shedding microvesicles of different compositions and concentrations. (frontiersin.org)
  • Also, we review recent scientific findings on the molecular defects of hereditary hemolytic anemias, and their correlation with red blood cell deformability and vesiculation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Thus, insufficient sleep affects the human blood transcriptome, disrupts its circadian regulation, and intensifies the effects of acute total sleep deprivation. (pnas.org)
  • HOMEOSTATIC regulation of blood sugar levels is a fundamental physiological process in both vertebrates and invertebrates. (genetics.org)
  • The FDA is in the process of determining whether isolated and synthetic fibers provide a beneficial physiological effect to human health. (npr.org)
  • Restricting the intake of alcohol, aspirins and medications could be beneficial for the patient as these can thin the blood considerably. (ukessays.com)
  • Uniform transmural strain in pre-stressed arteries occurs at physiological pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • most of this process occurs in the latter. (livestrong.com)
  • This dilation also occurs during physical activity and helps instigate the sweating process. (livestrong.com)
  • Here's a breakdown of the physiological and psychological benefits of a warmup, as well as a sample warmup schedule you can use prior to a workout or race. (kurtkinetic.com)
  • Interference with any part of this process-whether psychological or physiological-may cause erectile dysfunction. (healthcentral.com)
  • There is a certain number of mind/body studies that explored the relationship between the psychological domain and food processing and caloric consumption. (nature.com)
  • While diabetes is generally approached following the dominant biomedical model, there is some evidence that psychological aspects play a role in its physiological processes. (nature.com)
  • [1] Dietary fibers are diverse in chemical composition, and can be grouped generally by their solubility , viscosity , and fermentability , which affect how fibers are processed in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the body does not produce enough of it, blood sugar can rise to harmful levels. (europa.eu)
  • Through blood circulation, these hormones can be distributed all over our body. (scribd.com)
  • This physiological activity allows the body to release heat, thereby actually lowering your body temperature. (livestrong.com)
  • But sleep can also slow down many other physiological processes, from heart rate and breathing to body temperature and blood pressure. (livescience.com)
  • This process allows the body to retain fluid and desired solutes. (asknature.org)
  • In a pioneering work, chambermaids primed to view their work as a form of exercise showed weight loss, decreased Body Mass Index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and a drop in blood pressure relative to a control group 4 . (nature.com)
  • Results: Officers had elevated levels of age-adjusted CVD risk factors (blood pressure, total cholesterol, smoking prevalence) compared with the population sample. (cdc.gov)
  • Decreased levels of tight junction proteins (occludin, claudin-5, ZO-1, and collagen IV) required for blood-brain barrier function were restored to normal level by baicalin. (hindawi.com)
  • This compound can potentially accumulate in the blood to toxic levels in the case of liver failure causing a medical condition which is called hepatic encephalopathy. (wikihow.com)
  • Higher levels of variability indicate that physiological processes are better controlled and functioning as they should, such as during stressful (both physical and challenging mental tasks) or emotional situations. (eurekalert.org)
  • Jaundice is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctiva, and other mucous membranes caused by increased levels of bilirubin in blood beyond normal levels (hyperbilirubinemia). (actapress.com)
  • Some people are simply wired to enjoy high levels of physiological arousal, Sparks said. (psychcentral.com)
  • Fundamental endocrine regulations of homeostatic blood sugar levels are also conserved in insects. (genetics.org)
  • Injection of the peptides into cockroaches elevates levels of hemolymph trehalose, a non-reducing disaccharide that is one of the major blood sugar molecules in insects ( B edford 1977 ). (genetics.org)
  • These healthful fats can help improve blood cholesterol levels and have anti-inflammatory properties. (connectionnewspapers.com)
  • Reflecting this complexity, the first few hundred milliseconds of processing a stimulus feature a large cascade of rapidly activated brain regions, transforming sensory representations at each step. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • 1. Appendix A Part 1 3 Appendix A: Evidence For Sensory Processing Disorder INTRODUCTION In 1999, the KID Foundation formed the Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) Scientific Work Group (SWG), a multidisciplinary collaboration of leading scientists from university-based research institutions, to stimulate cross-disciplinary research into sensory processing and sensory processing impairments, supported by the Wallace Research Foundation and the NIH. (slideshare.net)
  • The SPD Scientific Work Group is submitting this proposal to include Sensory Processing Disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual V. This appendix to the application includes a summary of empirical data providing evidence about the existence of the SPD syndrome, based primarily on studies conducted by SWG members. (slideshare.net)
  • Only fibers that meet the definition can be declared as a dietary fiber on the Nutrition Facts label," according to this Q&A about the review process. (npr.org)
  • In delving into the roles of the Drosophila Akh ( dAkh ) gene, its developmental expression patterns were examined and the physiological functions of the AKH-producing neurons were investigated using animals devoid of AKH neurons and ones with ectopically expressing dAkh . (genetics.org)
  • Seventy three behavioral measures of task performance, four indices of exposure to methyl-chloride, eight indicators of neurological function, a clinical electroencephalogram and demographic data were obtained from 122 workers occupationally exposed to methyl-chloride (74873) at 6 manufacturing plants using the solvent in fabricating processes. (cdc.gov)
  • This review details the fundamental research that has so far been performed to investigate the function and physiological significance of these two types of urea transporters. (nih.gov)
  • I am very interested in the potential for utilizing these technologies in mapping the human genome to physiological function. (bio.net)
  • The other significant function of the liver is the synthesis of clotting factors in the blood. (wikihow.com)
  • The liver has also another important function that is related to neutralizing and removing toxic compounds from the blood. (wikihow.com)
  • It plays a vital role in numerous physiological processes, including metabolic function and blood detoxification. (livestrong.com)
  • Blood tests can indicate conditions that may interfere with normal erectile function. (healthcentral.com)
  • The first challenge exemplifies the difficulty of in vivo physiological measurements. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The method and apparatus are particularly advantageous to blood oximetry and pulserate measurements. (google.es)
  • This book illustrates applications of mathematics to various processes (physiological or artificial) involving flowing blood, including hemorheology, microcirculation, coagulation, kidney filtration and dialysis, offering a historical overview of each topic. (springer.com)
  • Previous studies into this microscopic structure have avoided using the physiological pressures of blood in preparing the kidney. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Computational Tools and Techniques for Biomedical Signal Processing. (igi-global.com)
  • In B. Singh (Ed.), Computational Tools and Techniques for Biomedical Signal Processing (pp. 22-55). (igi-global.com)
  • He is Editor-in-chief of the Elsevier journal Biomedical Signal Processing and Control and Deputy editor of the IoP journal Biomedical Physics and Engineering Express. (city.ac.uk)
  • what physiological process give you a decreased threshold for renal osmolality? (brainscape.com)
  • Core temperature (T(C)) and heart rate (HR), ratings of perceived fatigue and exertion were obtained continuously during the exercise, and blood samples of hormones were taken before, during and after the exercise test for estimating the prolactin, growth hormone and cortisol response to acute exercise-heat stress. (nih.gov)
  • Study the role of the blood supply to the liver. (wikihow.com)
  • Pabst R., Binns R.M., Peter M., Licence S.T. (1988) The Physiological Role of the Lung in Lymphocyte Migration. (springer.com)
  • These processes play a key role in cell biology and biological physics. (umn.edu)
  • Goldstein, k concerning the essay blood diamonds quality of one intellectual agenda requires attention to the traditional providers of electricity negative externalities also an important role in democratisation and concomitantly promotes globalisation. (mit.edu)
  • The two microphones are placed on a patient along the axis of an artery with their centers separated by a distance such that blood pressure sounds picked up by the microphones will be out of phase. (google.com)
  • Pressure is applied to the artery such that the artery opens and closes during each heart cycle, the opening snap of the artery producing blood pressure sounds. (google.com)
  • If the microphone signal product is negative, the detection of a valid blood pressure signal for that sampling time is indicated. (google.com)
  • A valid blood pressure signal is indicated when the microphone signal product is negative and either the two microphone signal slopes have inverse signs or are both less than a selected slope threshold. (google.com)
  • A selected number of consecutive valid blood pressure signal detections indicates the detection of a blood pressure sound. (google.com)
  • f) indicating the detection of a blood pressure sound when the microphone signal product is negative for multiple consecutive selected points in time corresponding to a selected time period. (google.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 wherein the step of indicating the detection of a blood pressure sound indicates the detection of a blood pressure sound when the microphone signal product is negative for multiple consecutive selected points in time corresponding to a selected time period of approximately 2.5 milliseconds. (google.com)
  • In recent years, with the development of mobile medical technology, the convenience of blood pressure monitoring is gradually improved. (google.com)
  • Blood pressure monitoring is essential in hospital and home monitoring scenarios, with applications requiring on-line beat-to-beat blood pressure estimation, such as tele-monitoring of neurally mediated syncope. (igi-global.com)
  • Sparks's research found that when people watch frightening films, their heart rate, blood pressure and respiration increases. (psychcentral.com)
  • The predictions are well within the physiological pressure range. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Some consequences of this strain homogeneity in the physiological pressure range are explored under the proposed assumptions. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Four urinary cations and blood pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • You take your cholesterol meds, keep your blood pressure in check, don't smoke, and maybe you even exercise a few times a week. (aarp.org)
  • High blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, diabetes and smoking are the biggest risk factors, but they aren't the only ones. (aarp.org)
  • Clinicians have established that the effect of electrolyte intake on blood pressure differs significantly between African Americans and those of European descent. (forbes.com)
  • Diabetes or high blood pressure may impact ingredient inclusion. (connectionnewspapers.com)
  • The course will introduce basic electrical circuit theory as well as analog and digital signal processing methods currently used to solve a variety of engineering design problems in areas such as entertainment and networking media, robotics, renewable energy and biomedical applications. (wpi.edu)
  • Hereditary hemolytic anemia encompasses a heterogeneous group of anemias characterized by decreased red blood cell survival because of inherited membrane, enzyme, or hemoglobin disorders. (frontiersin.org)
  • Several studies showed that water birth was associated with a lower mean blood loss during and following delivery, as well as a higher mean maternal hemoglobin level in the postpartum period. (news-medical.net)
  • The results showed that 10 days of coexposure to anthropogenic noise and Cd can enhance adverse impacts on metabolic processes, as indicated by the clearance rate, respiration rate, ammonium excretion rate, and O:N ratio of T. granosa . (frontiersin.org)
  • However, at a functional level, lysosomal extracts from CD1c-DC processed the multiple sclerosis-associated autoantigens myelin basic protein and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein in vitro more effectively than MO-DC. (jimmunol.org)
  • I'm not a biochemist, but I remember from high school chem that our blood is a buffer. (metafilter.com)
  • Processed foods, such as cold cuts and frozen entrees, contain a high percentage of an adult's recommended daily maximum. (connectionnewspapers.com)
  • The Atomization experiment investigates the disintegration processes of a low-speed water jet for various jet issue conditions in the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) to validate the new atomization concept by observing the process using a high-speed camera. (spaceref.com)
  • Your kidney is quite able to maintain your blood pH by excreting urine with different pH. (metafilter.com)
  • Blood passes through kidney many times a day. (wikibooks.org)